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JULY 2016


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Symptoms & Advice


investigating hyperkalemic periodic paralysis with Kentucky equine research


For Show Season!


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r ISSUE #41 JULY 2016



equine vocabulary words

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8 The Horse’s Mouth 48 What’s HOT 52 Trades & Services

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PO Box 9117, Scoresby, Victoria 3179 Content/Advertising: Sam Stimson Editor/Graphic Design: Lauryn Gardini

Email us! Š The Stable Magazine 2013. All rights reserved. Reproduction in part or whole is not permitted without obtaining prior written permission. Views expressed in The Stable are not necessarily those of the publisher. While every effort is made to provide accurate information, the publisher will not be held accountable for consequences of undertaking advice contained within. Advertising guidelines can be located within this issue. All advertisers agree to these guidelines when booking advertisements in The Stable,


All advertising in The Stable must be pre-paid unless an account has been established by the advertiser. A booking form must be completed for each advert or advertising package unless a prior arrangement has been made with the advertiser. Advertisers (and agencies acting on behalf of an advertiser) upon submitting adverts or content to be used in advertisements indemnify The Stable against all claims, demands, costs, penalties, suits, liabilities, proceedings and actions of any nature caused in any fashion of any kind resulting from the publication of supplied material. Advertisers of veterinary products must ensure that their products comply with all necessary governing bodies and indemnify The Stable should their advertisement be in breach of any law, regulation, copyright, etc. The Stable takes no responsibility for advertisements, photographs and other material submitted by advertisers including but not limited to the authenticity of claims within advertisements, permissions for photograph use, and accuracy of information provided. The Stable gives no warranty on ads appearing in the publication and will not be held liable in any means for loss suffered by any person as a consequence of actions as a result of publishing any material within The Stable Magazine. *Free advert design offered by The Stable is for ads appearing in The Stable magazine only. Artwork and design by The Stable are property of The Stable and may not be used elsewhere without written permission of the designer. Artwork may be purchased. See for more information. The Stable retains the right to refuse any advertising deemed unsuitable by the publisher.


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HORSE MEMES ...that got us giggling!

Don’t you hate it when you have to fill your horse’s water troughs when it’s raining? It’s so necessary, and yet seems like a pointless exercise...

GRRRR! - grumpy pony owner 8

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Winter Feeding By Kentucky Equine Research Although Australian winters are generally mild compared to the northern hemisphere, temperatures can still drop considerably and for many Australian regions the cold winter blues are just around the corner. With the cold weather soon upon us, it's time to start thinking about how your horses' daily nutritional requirements will change in the winter time, and how you can be sure that he or she stays in tip-top condition right through until spring. The cold weather of winter puts extra demands on the horse's metabolism. More energy is required for day to day activities in the cold compared to the same activities performed in a milder climate. Therefore in winter many horses and ponies need extra feed for maintenance, conditioning and work. As well as expending energy simply keeping warm when it's cold, horses use more energy working when it is wet and muddy because of the extra effort involved in pulling the feet out of the mud, and the reduced ability to maintain body heat with a wet coat. Some horses, particularly ponies, do just fine in winter and need no real change in management. Other types, such as Thoroughbreds, may be poor doers and require extra calories to maintain condition over the colder months. If you do need to change your management to avoid winter weight loss you need to start before the weight has really fallen off. Starting to monitor your horses' weight at the end of summer will help you to notice quickly if he starts to lose condition. If you have access to weigh scales or a weigh tape, use them once per week and record your measurements to monitor changes. Alternatively learning how to condition score your horse will make you more aware of his ideal weight, and checking and recording his condition score on a


weekly or fortnightly basis will ensure that you to notice even small changes before they start to become a problem. Forage should be the basis of all horse’s diets and each horse should consume at least 1.5% of their body weight in pasture and/or hay daily. If pastures are low then supplementary hay will be required and the type of hay selected is very important. Clover or lucerne blends are often the best choice but can be hard to find. Legume hay contains more energy than grass hay, although well made grass/clover or grass/lucerne mixes can be terrific for horses in the winter time. Look for plenty of leaf, and soft wispy stems, as this shows that the hay was harvested at the time when nutrient composition was at its peak and is better quality than crops that have been left to go to flower or seed and consequently have reduced nutrient quality. You can get the same effect feeding chaff, but it's more expensive and you need to feed a 20 litre bucket to supply the same amount as a good biscuit of hay. Hay is a far more natural feed for horses than grain and less likely to cause digestive upset if it is used as the first choice supplement in winter. Some horses, i.e. working horses or particularly poor doers, are unable to maintain condition on forage alone and need the increased energy density of grain. If you want the convenience and peace of mind of knowing that your horse is getting all the essential nutrients they require in each scoop, it may be best to look at the complete feeds available on the market. Have a good look at the label and pick a feed that is fully balanced and has enough supplementary minerals and vitamins, so that you don't have to add an extra supplement. High fat feeds can also be a real advantage in the cold weather for

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preventing weight loss. Fat contains two and a half to three times the energy of grain and is therefore a great way of increasing calories in the diet without feeding large amounts. Good fat sources are vegetable oils, sunflower seeds (2530% fat) and rice pollard (15-20% fat). KER Equi-Jewel is a high fat low starch energy supplement that is one of the most effective and safest ways at achieving weight gain. Equi-Jewel is a stabilised rice bran product that contains 18% fat from rice oil and is an excellent supplement for winter to increase the energy density of the diet. In summary, watch your horses' body condition carefully and make dietary changes at the first sign of bad weather or weight loss. Remember that your horse doesn't need to be in "show condition" all winter but most horses will need extra care to come out of the winter in top shape. For more information on feeding horses over the colder months, or for a custom made diet designed specifically for your horse, contact Kentucky Equine Research on 1800 772 198, or email

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NUTRITIONNEWS Photo: Mark Llewellyn

What's all the



investigating hyperkalemic periodic paralysis with Kentucky equine research 12

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HYPP: Diet Makes a Difference In Greek mythology, the gods are often depicted as strong and virile. Known for their aweinspiring physiques, including voluminous muscle stretched over perfectly proportioned skeletons, the gods were looked upon as epitomes of masculinity. Think Adonis, think Zeus. If indeed equivalents exist within the equine kingdom, it may be those horses that compete in conformation classes at stock breed shows. For indeed, these specimens epitomize the aesthetics so often sought in horseflesh. From their powerful, expansive chests to the bulging muscles of their stifles and gaskins, these models of muscularity have resulted from decades of careful matchmaking. Breeders strive to produce balanced horses with sculptured heads, tight throatlatches, well-shaped necks, prominent withers, strong backs, wide loins, long hips, and structurally correct limbs. But these things alone rarely earn a horse a top ribbon in conformation classes. While all of the aforementioned attributes and many others must be intact, so does abundant, yet smooth muscling. A stallion named Impressive invigorated the halterhorse industry in the 1980s and early 1990s. His progeny possessed remarkable refinement coupled with deep, ample muscling. This single sire redefined the standard by which halter horses were judged, and his influence was sweeping and irrefutable. As his foals achieved success in the show ring, Impressive’s popularity as a sire exploded, and he serviced thousands of mares during his lifetime. The stallion’s influence extended beyond the Quarter Horse breed and into other breeds that allowed outcrossing such as the Appaloosa and Paint Horse. For some breeders of halter horses, this mare possessed all the qualities for inclusion into a broodmare band. A greatgreat granddaughter of Impressive, her feminitity blends beautifully with structural correctness and muscle. Lurking in her DNA, however, is the gene for HYPP. While this mare has been asymptomatic her entire life, her foals were not. Retired from her career as a broodmare, she spends her days as a model for equine anatomy and management classes at a university.

“But time and time again, Impressive passed on to his sons and daughters more than his standout conformation and massive musculature. Hidden in the double helixes of the DNA passed from sire to offspring, Impressive oftentimes transmitted a genetic mutation, one that would forever stain the stallion’s once formidable legacy. The defect causes a devastating syndrome known as hyperkalemic periodic paralysis, or HYPP.”

The Mechanics of the Syndrome On a physiological level, sodium channels are gateways in the muscle cell membrane that strictly regulate muscle contraction. The genetic mutation interrupts the flow of sodium in and out of muscle cells. As potassium levels increase in the blood, the channel that normally regulates the influx becomes stuck, allowing sodium to flood into the cells. When this occurs, uncontrolled muscle twitching and trembling result. As potassium levels rise further in the bloodstream, the muscles become unable to contract, and the horse becomes paralyzed. This cycle continues until excessive potassium is excreted through the urine or resorption of potassium into cells occurs. The physical effects of HYPP vary considerably. Some affected horses show no outward signs, while others exhibit prolapse of the third eyelid (seen as a membrane flickering over the eyeball), yawning, heavy sweating, intermittent muscle tremors, whole-body shaking, and profound weakness. Affected horses might have weakness in the hindquarters, and position themselves


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What's all the hype hypp? investigating hyperkalemic periodic paralysis with Kentucky equine research The Mechanics of the Syndrome

in a peculiar dog-sitting posture. In other cases, horses may make respiratory sounds, whichare result from Onunusual a physiological level, sodium channels gateways paralysis of muscles that serve the larynx and pharynx and in the muscle cell membrane that strictly regulate muscle aid in breathing. In severe cases, horses might collapse. contraction. The genetic mutation interrupts the flow of Suddensodium death can occur is usually result of cardiac in and out and of muscle cells.the As potassium levels arrest due to in extremely potassium levels. Once increase the blood, elevated the channel that normally regulates the influx becomes sodium floodhours. into signs begin, episodes maystuck, last aallowing few minutes orto a few

the cells. When this occurs, uncontrolled muscle twitching and trembling result. As potassium levels of risethe further in Stress frequently precipitates clinical signs disease. the bloodstream, the muscles become unable to contract, Many HYPP-positive horses show few or no signs of the the horse becomes paralyzed. This only cycle when continues diseaseand in their lifetime. Others show signs they excessive potassium is excreted through the or becomeuntil stressed. It’s not unusual, therefore, forurine horses resorption of potassium into cells occurs. to show signs during transport or upon arrival at a horse The physical of event HYPP vary considerably. show, rodeo, parade, effects or other as well as duringSome other affected horses show no outward signs, while others exhib-or stressful times such as clipping, veterinary procedures, it prolapse of the third eyelid (seen as a membrane farrier visits. In foals, the anxiety associated with weaning flickering over the eyeball), yawning, heavy sweating, has brought about attacks. General anesthesia may also cause intermittent muscle tremors, whole-body shaking, and proan attack of HYPP, so consult with your veterinarian about found weakness. Affected horses might have weakness in the HYPP status of a horse before veterinary procedures the hindquarters, and position themselves in a peculiar are performed. For many HYPP-positive horses, however, dog-sitting posture. In other cases, horses may make the attacks come about without provocation. unusual respiratory sounds, which result from paralysis of muscles that serve the larynx and pharynx and aid in breathing. In severe cases, horses might collapse. Sudden Diagnosis of HYPP death can occur and is usually the result of cardiac arrest A DNA test, hair or blood, potassium is available to identify due tousing extremely elevated levels. Once signs horses begin, carrying the defective gene that HYPP. episodes may last a few minutes or a causes few hours. AccordingStress to Sharon Spier, D.V.M., clinical Ph.D., signs writing ondisthe frequently precipitates of the University of California-Davis Veterinary Genetics ease. Many HYPP-positive horses show few or no signs of Laboratory Web site, “The test isOthers extremely specific, and is the disease in their lifetime. show signs only when accurate for the gene sequence substitution which has been they become stressed. It’s not unusual, therefore, for horsshown es to to cause in descendants Impressive.” showHYPP signs during transport orofupon arrival at a horse show, rodeo, parade, or other event as well as during other After testing, are given one of three designations: stressfulhorses times such as clipping, veterinary procedures, or visits. In foals, thepositive anxiety associated weaning normalfarrier (N/N), heterozygous (N/H), or with homozygous brought about attacks. anesthesiatrait, may also positivehas (H/H). Because HYPP General is a dominant it is an attack HYPP, so consult with your veterinarian readily cause passed from of generation to generation. Only four the HYPP status a horse beforehorse veterinary procegeneticabout scenarios exist: (1) of when a N/N is bred to a dures50% are performed. N/H horse, of resulting foals will be H/N and 50% will Forwhen many aHYPP-positive the attacks be N/N; (2) N/N horse ishorses, bred tohowever, a H/H horse, 100% come about without provocation. of resulting foals will be N/H; (3) when a N/H horse is bred

horses carrying the defective gene that causes HYPP. Most horses considered “positive” are N/H, asonthose According to Sharon Spier, D.V.M., Ph.D., writing the identified as H/H are the most fragile, requiring meticulous University of California-Davis Veterinary Genetics care and management for“The long-term survival.specific, and is test is extremely Laboratory Web site, accurate for the gene sequence substitution which has been shown to cause HYPP in descendants of Impressive.”


Low-potassium feedstuffs (should constitute the majority of an HYPP-positive horse’s diet) Oats Corn Barley Wheat Wheat midds (middlings) Wheat bran Soybean hulls Beet pulp (without molasses) Pure fats and oils (corn and other vegetable oils)

Medium-potassium feedstuffs (should be fed with low-potassium feedstuffs) Brome hay Fescue hay Clover hay Timothy hay Coastal bermudagrass hay Oat hay Kentucky bluegrass Stabilized rice bran

High-potassium feedstuffs (should be avoided) Molasses (from sugar beets or sugarcane) Soybean meal Alfalfa hay or cubes Reed canarygrass Orchardgrass Rich spring pasture Canola oil Electrolyte supplements

Catherine Bishop Photo: Catherine Bishop

to a N/H horse, 50% of resulting foals will be N/H, 25% will of HYPP be H/H,Diagnosis and 25% will be N/N; and (4) when a N/H horse is bred to a H/H horse, 50% of resulting foals will either be A DNA test, using hair or blood, is available to identify H/H or N/H.

Potassium Levels in Common Feedstuffs

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Preventing Attacks in HYPP-Positive Horses

Understanding HYPP

Dietary management is key to preventing attacks. Potassium abounds in the normal diets of horses. Therefore, limiting potassium intake is the most crucial element. Total potassium in the diet should not exceed 1%. Requirements differ depending on the lifestyle of the horse. Sedentary horses may require less potassium, and intense exercise may increase that requirement twofold. An equine nutritionist should be consulted if questions arise while formulating a diet for a horse with HYPP. Forages. Whether it’s pasture, hay, or hay cubes, forage constitutes the basis for all equine diets. For horses afflicted with HYPP, forage choices narrow considerably. According to Nutrient Requirements of Horses, produced by the National Research Council, grass forages generally contain 1-2% potassium and would be classified as middlepotassium feedstuffs. When paired with a low-potassium cereal grain, a suitable diet can be formulated. The addition of an all-purpose vitamin and mineral supplement may be necessary. Even though this supplement will likely contain potassium, when fed with other low-potassium feeds, the total diet will not contain excessive potassium. Legumes, particularly alfalfa, tend to be higher in potassium and should be used sparingly or not at all in the diets of HYPPpositive horses. If the horse is an easy keeper (maintains his weight well on little feed), he may derive sufficient calories from pasture alone. Be astute as to the plants within the pasture, however. Fields should not contain significant legumes such as varieties of clover. Low-potassium plants should comprise the majority of plant life in paddocks and pastures intended for HYPP-positive horses. A reminder: Hay and pasture can be tested for potassium content. Contact an equine nutritionist or a local or state extension specialist to learn more about forage testing. Your local feed store may also be able to help you with this service. Concentrates. Most commercially prepared sweet and pelleted feeds are a no-no for HYPP-positive horses because they contain molasses. According to Nutrient Requirements of Horses, molasses often possesses as much as 6% potassium. Soybean meal, far and away the primary source of protein in sweet and pelleted feeds, is also rich in potassium. >

Here’s a short list of terms that may be helpful as you learn more about HYPP by reading this article and others. • asymptomatic – presenting no symptoms or signs of disease • genetic mutation – a relatively permanent change in hereditary material involving either a physical change in chromosome relations or a biochemical change in the codons that make up genes • heterozygous – having the two alleles at corresponding loci on homologous chromosomes different for one or more loci (in the case of HYPP, N/H) • homozygous – having the two genes at corresponding loci on homologous chromosomes identical for one or more loci (in the case of HYPP, H/H) • hyperkalemic – having elevated potassium levels • paralysis – inability to move • periodic- occuring or recurring at regular intervals • potassium – an electrolyte vital for normal function of nerves and muscles, among other functions • sodium – the most plentiful electrolyte in the body, essential for normal body processes • symptomatic – showing a symptom or a sign of a disease

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What's all the hype hypp? investigating hyperkalemic periodic paralysis with Kentucky equine research If textured or pelleted feeds are stricken from the menu, what’s left? Plain oats are the most popular grain fed to horses and represent a low-potassium option. Oats are appropriate for horses that are not sensitive to starch. If calories must be added and starch-laden feeds are not an option, calorie-dense vegetable oils are safe.

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Salt and Water

Most commercial electrolytes are unsuitable for these horses as they contain high levels of potassium. If the label does not reveal ingredients or a guaranteed analysis, contact the manufacturer to get the information.

Medication In addition to strict control of diet, the administration of acetazolamide has been recommended for HYPPpositive horse. Acetazolamide is a diuretic often recommended by veterinarians, especially for young HYPP-positive horses being fed high-protein (and often high-potassium) diets to promote growth. The medication stabilizes blood glucose and potassium by stimulating insulin excretion. It’s not unusual for horses to be maintained on the medication for long periods of time. Many halter horses continue to be fed pure alfalfa hay while simultaneously receiving this medication daily. Breed registries differ in their restrictions on the use of acetazolamide during competitions.


In nutrition and exercise physiology circles, it’s well known that exercise increases potassium levels in the blood. Logic would dictate, therefore, that exercise would increase the likelihood of an HYPP attack. The opposite has proven true. A regular exercise schedule is advised. When the horse is not exercised


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of Mo th um gu ge

Mark Llewellyn

Salt and water are critical for affected horses. A lack of either reduces urination, which is how the horse rids superfluous potassium from the body. A white salt block is best. Supplements. Read carefully the ingredient lists of any supplements intended for an HYPP horse.

Because of Impressive’s incredible prepotency, he

Because of Impressive’s incredible prepotency, he was often crossed with Appaloosa wasBefore often crossed with mares. Before mares. purchasing a Quarter Horse, Appaloosa Appaloosa or Paint with Impressive in its purchasing Horse, Appaloosa or Paint with pedigree, be sure to a askQuarter about the horse’s HYPP status.

Impressive in its pedigree, be sure to ask about the horse’s HYPP status.


tra ing. Your local feed store may also be able to help you HYPP-pos with this service. ommende under saddle or in harness, he should Concentrates. Most commercially preparedhave sweetaccess and toHYPP-po turnout feeds that are provides low-potassium forage, pelleted a no-no for HYPP-positive horsessalt,high-pota water, and adequate shelter. Stall confinement because they contain molasses. According to Nutrient isstabilizes often contraindicated for horses HYPP. Requirements of Horses, molasses oftenwith possesses as much insulin ex as 6% potassium. Soybean meal, far and away the primary It’s not source of protein in sweet and pelleted feeds, is also rich ication fo The Future of HYPP-Positive Horses in potassium. to be fed Responsible is are thestricken key from to reducing If textured or breeding pelleted feeds the menu, themedicatio what’s left? Plain oats are popular grain fed to on the us incidence of HYPP in the themost stock-horse population. horses and represent a low-potassium option. Oats are Some horsemen are reluctant to eradicate HYPPpositive horses from their breeding programs becauseExercise they often possess the very qualities that garner not only championship ribbons but glory. But too often In nut known t AQHA’s on HYPP that glory comes atPosition a steep price. blood. Lo The American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA) increase t classifies HYPP as a genetic defect. Beginning in proven tr 1998, the association included this statement on the horse the registration certificates of horses that traced should ha to Impressive: “This horse has an ancestor known forage, sa to carry HYPP, designated under AQHA rules as a is often c genetic defect. AQHA recommends testing to conThe Fut firm presence or absence of this gene.” If the owner chooses to test the horse and the test Respon reveals a negative finding, the above statement is of HYPP i replaced by “HYPP N/N” on the registration cerreluctant tificate. Mandatory testing for HYPP is required Hotline: 1800 772 198 breeding withNutritional parentage verification. qualities glory. But

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erman rider Andreas Dibowski jumped a faultless clear round in the final Jumping phase to hold on to his overnight lead with It’s Me XX

and win Luhmühlen CCI4* (GER), presented by DHL, penultimate leg of the FEI Classics™ 2015/2016. There was no margin for error for the 50-year-old as secondplaced Maxime Livio and Qalao Des Mers (FRA) jumped clear with less than two penalties between the top two. But Dibowski, veteran of many medal-winning German Eventing teams, held his nerve in front of his enthusiastic home crowd on Susanne Heigel’s 12-year-old ex-racehorse, a son of the Epsom Derby winner Kahyasi. Diboswki said: “I still cannot believe it. It is quite incredible. My horse performed exceptionally on all three days. He is not a born Dressage horse, but on the Cross Country he is outstanding.” He explained: “I got It’s Me after his racing career when he was four years old. When he was five and six he was ill and needed intensive care, and only came back to Eventing three years ago aged nine. He felt very well this morning before the Jumping. He loves the atmosphere in a big arena.” Dibowski was winning Germany’s premier event for the second time after triumphing in 2011 with FRH Butts Leon. It’s Me XX finished the Dressage phase in fourth place but moved up to pole position after Cross Country, adding just 0.4pen for being one second over the optimum time. The experienced French combination of Maxime Livio and the Selle Français 12-year-old Qalao Des Mers, winners of the CCI3* at Saumur (FRA) in 2014, finished on their Dressage score of 44.9 to take second. >


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Julien Despontin BEL riding Waldano



Words: Catherine Austen Photos: Eventing Photo/FEI

Emma Dougall (AUS) & Belcam Bear

o 36 Hann. by Wolkentanz I

“I got It’s Me after his racing career when he was four years old. When he was five and six he was ill and needed intensive care, and only came back to Eventing three years ago aged nine. He felt very well this morning before the Jumping. He loves the atmosphere in a big arena.”


Tim Price (NZL) & Ringwood Sky Boy The Stable Magazine




ANDREAS DIBOWSKI WINS LUHMÜHLEN FOR THE SECOND TIME Livio said: “My horse is a good jumper, and today he was perfect: careful, powerful and concentrated. He gave his best.” Germany’s Julia Krajewski and Samourai du Thot had led the Dressage but dropped to fifth after Cross Country with 10 time-faults. However, a clear Jumping round elevated them once again to third place. The 27-year-old was delighted with her CCI4* debut, and said: “I hoped to be among the first five. Now I am on the podium - that is fantastic! Samourai du Thot jumped like a rubber ball today. I could ride fast and it is really fun to jump him when he is like this. I am very proud.” New Zealand’s Tim Price, who won Luhmühlen CCI4* in 2014, dropped a place from third to fourth this time with a rail down on Ringwood Sky Boy. Another former winner, Andrew Nicholson (NZL), who took the 2013 event, finished fifth and seventh on Qwanza and Perfect Stranger. Nicholson suffered a neck injury in August 2015 at Gatcombe Park (GBR), but returned seamlessly to the top of the sport and won Bramham CCI3* (GBR) a week ago. There were just seven clear rounds over Heiko Wahlers’ Jumping track from the 26 competitors who reached the final phase of the CCI4*. Oliver Townend (GBR), fourth after Cross Country on Black Tie II, withdrew the horse before the final horse inspection this morning, as did Australia’s Emma McDougall, seventh after Cross Country with Belcam Bear. This was the final time that Captain Mark Phillips will design the Luhmühlen Cross Country course, as Mike Etherington-Smith takes over from 2017. There were no falls and 26 of the 28 Cross Country starters completed with 18 clear rounds, four of which were inside the optimum time.


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ABOVE AND BELOW: Andreas Dibowski (GER) r Marilyn Little (USA) and RF Demeter



riding It’s Me xx in the XC & SJ @ Luhmühlen Maxime Livio (FRA) riding Qalao des Mers

Julia Krajewski (GER) & Samourai des Thot The Stable Magazine


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Our hay nets are made in various sizes to suit your needs – Small, Medium, Large and Roundbale. They are made from UV Stabilised, 48ply, pre-stretched polyethylene netting. They are tough, durable and easily repairable if your net is unfortunately snagged on a piece of wire etc. Our hay net hole sizes are either 4cm square or 3cm square. The 4cm sizing suits your average horse that just needs slowing down a little more. The 3cm sizing is for those extra voracious eaters and ponies. The sizing of the holes makes these nets safe for minis to large horses. The Stable Magazine 23







he German team again showed their liking for the beautiful surroundings of Houghton Hall (GBR), third leg of the FEI Nations Cup™ Eventing 2016, and won for the second year

running, narrowly beating Australia by just 0.4 penalties. The French, who are having a brilliant season, were third and now head the 2016 series leaderboard ahead of host nation Great Britain, who finished fourth, while Nicola Wilson, who was not in the team, finished first and third on the individual leaderboard. When asked the secret of Germany’s extraordinarily consistency, team trainer Christopher Bartle replied: “We have a great team spirit, which I treasure, and we work to maintain it. The riders support each other and they respect each other’s opinions because they all want to get better, however good they are.”

L-R: Peter Thomsen, Josefa Sommer, Josephine Schnaufer and Christopher

Josephine Schnaufer (GER) & Sambucca 10

He added: “I like Houghton. It’s a good track in a lovely park. The timing is right for us (in May) and we are always well looked after. I never have a problem getting riders to come here.” Peter Thomsen, a long-standing member of the German team, agreed: “This is my first time at Houghton and I am very impressed. The course is good for galloping and for training horses. It has typical British questions and you have to ride fast to make the time. We have a good system of getting information back to each other during the day and Chris gives us feedback in the warm-up.” Germany led after the Dressage phase, just slipping behind Australia in the Jumping phase when Bettina Hoy and Seigneur Medicott hit two rails. But then the Australians, led by triple Olympic gold medallist Andrew Hoy (on Rutherglen), could not match the Germans for overall Cross Country speed and the latter was able to regain supremacy. New Zealand, winners of the FEI Nations Cup™ Eventing at Houghton Hall in 2014, were third after Dressage, but slipped to fifth behind Britain with two Jumping fences down for Mark Todd and too many Cross Country time penalties between them. Tim Price finished best of the quartet on Bango, a good result after their fall so close to home at Kentucky last month. The Cross Country track at Houghton had been verti drained in the dry weather and rode well with few faults incurred. The most influential fences were a double of corners at fence 10, where Britain’s Izzy Taylor had a run-out on Call Me Maggie May, and the four-element water complex at 12.


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Words & Photos: FEI/Trevor H



Bettina Hoy, Bartle.


Nicola Wilson (GBR) riding One Two Many The Stable Magazine 25

e n r u o b l Me




Saddleworld Melbourne International 3 Day Event concludes on high note After a brilliant five days of competition, the Saddleworld Melbourne International 3 Day Event has come to a spectacular conclusion. Around 180 competitors and over 200 horses from across the country competed in the traditional Queen’s Birthday event, which is in its 59th year. The Olympic year has created excitement with all involved, which invited thousands of eager fans to catch a glimpse of the Rio squad and other emerging international contenders. Spectators were treated to past and future Olympians, riding their horses through the intricate course designed by Ewan Kellett in the cross country phase of the event. The event concluded with perfect weather and a full day of show jumping as the competition dramatically heated up with a few favourites vying for the final placings. NSW father and daughter combination Stuart and Gemma Tinney finished with a winning double. Stuart, an Olympic eventing team gold medallist, won the CCI3* on Corinna and Darren Huskinson’s lovely grey gelding, War Hawk, and Gemma was thrilled with her first win at the CCI1* level, on Annapurna, owned by John and Jane Pittard. Showing an admirable bond with her father, Gemma said, “He was there with me every step of the way… it was a really good feeling.” Stuart said, “I’m just thrilled with War Hawk, I was really pleased with how he jumped and he’s been really good… I’m really happy for the win.”


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LEFT: Stuart Tinney & War Haw

A huge line-up of sponsors helped bring t event to all its glory, with special mention the lead sponsor, Saddleworld. IRT, Pryde EasiFeed, Horseware Australia, Off The Tr Uluru Stud and ESB also provided great su through sponsorship of the individual cla With an outstanding trade village, shoppe were in their equestrian mecca.

EV Chair, Ingrid Green also acknowledged contributions of the team of more than 40 volunteers who ran the event. “Event Dire


IRT CIC3* - Shane Rose on CP Quali Prydes Easifeed CCI 3* - Stuart Tin Horseware Australia CCI 2* - Teeg Off the Track CCI 1* - Gemma Tinne

Uluru Stud CCI Junior 1* - Paris



wk. RIGHT: Gemma Tinney & Annapurna

the n to e’s rack, upport asses. ers

d the 00 ector

Janet Houghton and the volunteers put in thousands of hours to make this spectacular event happen. “We applaud this amazing contribution by each and every one of them”, she said. The Melbourne International 3 Day Event celebrates its 60th year in 2017 and planning is already underway for what will be a highly momentous occasion.


ified nney on Warhawk gan Ashby on Waitangi Password ey on Annapurna

s Auer on Alchemist

“I didn’t quite produce the (Dressage) test I know we can do but he’s getting better all the time. He’s certainly going a lot better as he’s getting fitter and stronger. If you talk to athletes they’ll tell you as they get older they get stronger and Qualified is exactly the same. He was out on his feet in his first couple of three day events and ever since then he’s gotten fitter, faster and stronger. With every performance he improves and I’m hopeful that continues into Rio.”

- SHANE ROSE on cp qualified The Stable Magazine


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Everyone’s heard of it - but not many horseowners really understand it - unless it’s happened to them before. Colic is one of the most dreaded horse illnesses - it can be very hard to pinpoint a cause, it can happen at any time - AND.. it can be fatal! Colic is the general term for a horse stomach ache. Horses digestive systems are built very differently to ours, one major difference being that they cannot ‘throw up’. This basically means that they are more likely to suffer from digestive problems - whatever goes in only has one way out. Herbivores are designed to eat less - however a lot more often. Horses are designed to graze almost continually just to get the nutrients they need. Keeping domestic horses disrupts this process - particularly in the case of stabled horses or horses with no access to grazing. We also supplement our horses’ diet - with grains and chaff - which, if not done carefully can seriously upset our horse’s digestive system. Also, it is said that the digestive systems of foals, miniature horses and smaller ponies are more likely to have digestive problems than larger horses - simply because they’re smaller. In comparison to ours, however, the horse’s digestive system is relatively long and moves freely. It is possible for the gut to tangle itself, causing serious complications. >


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Colic can be caused or brought on by many, many factors, some of which can include: • Sudden Change in Diet • Stress • Water Deprivation • Feeding Straight After Exercise • Anything unnatural ingested • Erratic management

How to recognise colic

Colic is fairly easy to diagnose - the symptoms are usually obvious, especially if the horse is quite uncomfortable. Some horses may suffer silently, but others will cause a lot of fuss! Typically, horses act like we do - we aren’t so different from them, and if you know your horse well, you have a good chance of being able to tell what’s wrong! They act similar to a human with a stomach ache - the horse way. Common symptoms include: • Depression • Rolling Violently • Lack of Appetite • Kicking at the Belly • Elevated Pulse Rate • Elevated Respiration • No Digestive Sounds • Sweating Excessively • Pawing at the Ground • Lack of Bowel Movements • Turning of the Head to the Belly • Lip Curling (Flehmen Response) • Repeatedly Lying Down and Standing Up • Straining to Pass Manure, Without Passing Any Usually, as an owner, if there is a cause in relation to management of your horse, it’s likely you may be able to figure out what brought on the attack. Once you’re aware of the problem, it will make it easier to take preventative measures. Sometimes, colic seems to be brought on by nothing obvious, and in some cases it is almost impossible to find the problem - let alone the cause. There are, however some management changes that can be made to prevent colic - and the flow of cash into the vet’s bank account!

Prevention - better than cure

Although prevention is not always possible, (some horses are prone to colic attacks!) there are measures that owners can take to make colic less of a risk. All of these management changes are easy and quick to make - and will only work if they’re stuck to.


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Establish a Daily Routine - Make a point of feeding and exercising your horse at the same time each day. A routine will not only help prevent colic, but it’ll make everything more organised around the stable!

Feed Lots of Roughage - Roughage ensures that your horse’s digestive system works constantly - as it’s supposed to. A lot of grain at one time will only cause upsets. Feed little and often for best results.

Keep Medical Treatments Regular - Make sure your horse is wormed on time, every time. Drenching is also important, as well as other routine checkups - like dental check-ups. Provide Turnout - Not only does it allow your horse access to grazing, but it allows your horse to exercise itself, and keep itself happy.

Provide Fresh Water - Horses require fresh, cool, clean water at all times, although NOT just after exercise.

Check for Un-Natural Substances

- Weeds and un-natural substances can really upset your horses digestive system. Some plants and weeds are toxic to horses, and some horses are intolerant to certain feeds. Avoid Feeding From Bad Surfaces - One cause of

colic is the ingestion of too much sand. Buckets are made for a reason.

Make Changes Gradually - A very slow change to

diet and workload will be much more well received than a sudden change.

Reduce Stress - A happy horse is a healthy horse! If you

have to transport your horse, or keep him away from his friends, make allowances to make him more comfortable whenever you can.

Keep Records - and Watch! - Records make noticing

problems easier. Watching horses that are prone to colic may be a life saver, and watching horses in new situations and those undergoing changes might help detect problems early.

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The Stable Magazine 33


If you know your horse has colic

The first step is to stay calm - if you think your horse has colic - it’s important to make sure that you’re right first. Some horses can give out confusing signs, and if your horse is just pawing the ground, don’t panic. It is important to wait for a definite sign before you take any action, but at the same time, don’t wait until it’s too late. If it’s up to you in the end to call the vet or not to call the vet - if you’re not sure then call the vet just in case. It’s better to foot a bill rather than lose a horse. It’s also possible for colic to pass by itself, depending on the severity of colic, but your vet is likely to be able to make your horse more comfortable while the colic passes, and even speed up the process greatly. After you call the vet, make sure your horse is as comfortable as you can make him or her. Don’t let him roll, but he can lie down. Walking hasn’t been proven to help a horse greatly, but some horseowners swear by it. There are a few checks you can do on your horse yourself. Check his or her

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respiration and pulse rates. If possible, you can take your horse’s temperature. Check for elevation in the vital signs. Check the colour of the gums to get an idea of circulation. Be ready to tell the vet about these signs. Monitor your horse’s condition, and make regular checks. Do not leave your horse unattended. Check for digestive noises - horses have loud gut noises normally; the more action, the better. You can usually hear movement if there is movement - but be careful when you’re checking. Horses who are trying to roll aren’t the easiest to control! Keep the horse calm, and make sure he knows you’re there. Soothe him with your voice, and stay calm yourself. Try to think or any changes in diet, management or anything else which may have brought on the colic. Be ready to tell the vet anything and everything you can think of which may have brought it on. Don’t give the horse anything until your vet arrives to assess the situation - and always follow the advice of your vet.

What your vet might do:

Your vet will have different actions, depending on the type and severity of the colic. Typically, most colic falls into three groups:

1. Intestinal Dysfunction -

Simply that something has gone wrong internally - a build up of gas is enough to cause it!

2. Intestinal Accidents -

These are much less desirable (if any colic is!). These are serious problems with the internal structure of the horse like if sections of the intestine become pinched, etc.

3. Enteritis or Ulcerations -

This is colic related to infections or another condition - like parasites (worms!), stress, and other diseases. Your vet will treat your horse as is necessary - this might involve something as simple as a muscle relaxant, or something as complicated as surgery.

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Equine Shockwave & Massage Therapy The demands of the show season require that horses be in top condition. Storz Vibration Massage Therapy offers owners and trainers a uniquely effective way to keep horses show ring ready and race fit by combating muscle soreness, strains and the daily aches and pains that can be associated with a rigorous training schedules. Storz vibration massage is different than traditional massage because it creates vibrations that penetrate gently and deeply through the body. This helps to stimulate circulation to affected areas and encourages healing for common conditions, such as swelling, muscle soreness or lactic acid build up. I also incorporate Ice Vibe boots while the full body treatment is taking place so the legs get a good vibration through them also. “Keeping horses healthy and able to train and compete is a vital concern for horse owners and trainers,” Vibration massage is a safe and extremely effective way to provide therapy for injuries or to offer a working horse daily help with muscle soreness and other training-related aches. In fact, routine massage therapy with the vibration machine before work can help horses come into the ring looser and perform to the best of their ability.” Horses with highly active and stressful work schedules, such as hunters and jumpers, dressage horses, eventers, reiners and race horses, can all realize benefits from the Storz vibration system. To achieve optimum results, I suggest that the unit should be used both before and after exercise. When the product is used prior to warming up, it will help to stimulate and loosen the muscles to get them ready for competition or daily exercise. Also, used as part of cooling down, vibration massage can help reduce the build-up of lactic acid, and the stiffening of muscles and joints, while greatly minimizing the risk of the horse tying up after strenuous work. Muscle soreness and strains are not the only threat to the working equine. Vibration therapy can also help relieve respiratory conditions, such as thick winded horses, and improve joint mobility. The unique system relaxes muscles and can even help shortness of stride or pulled muscles. Vibration massage also increases circulation, enhancing the lymphatic and venous systems. In addition, to this system I also have the Shockwave therapy and this is very effective in relieving hoof and leg problems, such as pulled ligaments and tendons, swellings due to knocks or inflammations, arthritis, sore shins, capped hocks, and bruising, overuse injuries all soft tissue injuries and many more ailments.


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• Eliminate pain

• Facilit

• Improve local microcircula leading to improved tissue met

• Increase production of coll

• Reduce local muscle tens

• Help dissolve calcific fibrob

• Stimulate the elimination of su (a pain producing chemic


tate healing

aton, tabolism



What is Shockwave Therapy? Storz Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) has become an emerging new technology for treating musculoskeletal problems, soft-tissue injuries and bone injuries in horses. ESWT is noninvasive, used to stimulate healing to return horses to a level of fully sound, useful activity without recurrence of disease. From outside the body (extracorporeal), the machine generates high-intensity shock or pressure waves, which pulse to a specific site within the injured tissue. Though its actual mode of action is still in dispute, it stimulates and accelerates the healing process, essentially combining an immediate analgesic effect with a reduction in inflammation, neovascularization in soft tissue and osteogenesis in bone, it can be used to treat various conditions, such as suspensory ligament desmitis, navicular disease, saucer fractures, bucked shins, bowed tendon, sesamoid fractures, stress fractures and vertebral spinal pain (kissing spine lesions). The technique Though some of its initial use came with the need for general anesthesia, the most common units today are portable and able for use with a standing horse in the barn or at the racetrack. The handheld wand of the unit attaches to an energy source. For the simplest shock wave procedure, the area to be treated is shaved to provide for good contact; a contact gel is placed on the horse’s skin, and the hand unit is applied to the horse to deliver the shock wave pulses. The treatment takes minutes. The horse does not experience pain. Sedation can be recommended so the horse remains still so the treatment is applied accurately, targeted to the specific treatment location. Electrical energy is used to initiate the pressure wave. The energy settings and the number of pulses are important. Too low energy or too few pulses might not create the desired therapeutic effect. Excessive energy or pulses may result in tendon damage. The pressure waves penetrate fluid and soft tissue, and their effects occur at sites at the bone/soft tissue interface. The mechanism by which shock waves stimulate healing is unknown. Theoretically, shock waves can increase cellular membrane permeability, cellular division, and stimulate cytokine production by bone marrow, neovascularization of soft tissue and osteogenesis in bone. Pressure waves might help physically break down or move a hematoma or fluid from the lesion to allow the fibroblasts to more rapidly fill the defect. At this time, the effect of ESWT on disease recurrence and future ligament strength has not been evaluated. Today, the units have flexible therapy heads — similar to an ultrasound wand on a long chord — to be applied across the horse’s body to any anatomical site.


ubstance P cal)

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& g n i TidTRyIMMING

For Show Season!

With the show season almost upon us, here are a few tips to help you get your horse neat and tidy, ready for the show ring. If you plan to plait your horse on a regular basis, it is a good idea to have a reasonably short mane (around 8-12cm) otherwise you will end up with huge ‘golf ball’ size plaits which will detract from the overall turnout. Pulling the mane can be quite uncomfortable for the horse, so to make it as bearable as possible ensure the horse has been exercised first and is warm. This opens the pores and makes hair removal easier. A haynet is a good distraction. Don’t wash the mane before pulling – a clean mane is too slippery. Start at the poll and take a 2.5cm section of mane, backcomb to about 1.5cm above the desired finished length, then twist around the metal comb and pull sharply. Continue until the mane is thinned as desired. You can then tidy the length using scissors at an angle to make random snips, preventing it looking too rigid. For a particularly thick mane, it is kinder to pull the mane over several sessions. There are more humane methods to tidy a mane. You can use a Smart Manes, which thins the hair without causing any pain. Like with pulling, don’t wash the mane before using Smart Manes. Brush the mane over to the ‘wrong side’, then comb through from the base to the ends. Focus on any particularly thick bits. Unlike pulling, Smart Manes doesn’t cause discomfort – to the horse it feels like their mane is being combed. Horses that don’t like having their manes pulled often start objecting from the moment you backcomb because they know what is coming – with Smart Manes there is no backcombing, so it is much less stressful for them. Watch the video for Smart Manes Here


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When you are happy with the thickness, brush the mane back to the ‘normal’ side. You can level it with scissors, as with pulling, or use a thinning knife to achieve a natural look.

TOP TIP: If you use Smart Manes while the horse is hot, a lot more of the hair will come out by the roots. Once the mane is tidy, damp it down with a water brush and leave to settle. If the mane and crest is very thick don’t shorten it too much otherwise it will just stick up. If the mane is long and very thin, it’s best to shorten it with a thinning knife, so the thickness is not taken out. Other areas for trimming include under the jaw, ears and the feathers down the backs of the legs. Trim with care, as the finish required depends on the breed and what classes you are intending to do. It’s best to check with the breed society first before doing anything drastic! Ears can be tricky – a lot of horses can’t tolerate clippers near their ears. The safest way is to squeeze the edge of the ears together and use safety scissors to trim downwards. Alternatively, you can use the Equishave safety razor, which is also great for along the jawline.


PO Box 6426, Queanbeyan East NSW 2620 ph

You may also like to trim a bridle path just behind the ears, creating a place for the headpiece of the bridle. Some horses grow excessive amounts of hair on their legs, which can look rather coarse, and with a bit of clipping or trimming with an Equishave (depending how much needs to be removed), can totally transform the appearance of a horse from a rather plain looking cob into a very smart hunter. If you are tidying legs, try to use a clipper with add on plastic combs and clip downwards, this will mean that you won’t get a jagged look, and is very quick and easy to do. Tails can be either plaited or pulled for showing, depending on what classes you are entering. Pulling a tail means removing all the bushiness around the top third of the tail, leaving neatness and definition and showing off the quarters. Again there are different ways to achieve this look – you can go down the traditional root of pulling using a mane comb or finger and thumb with rubber gloves on. If you do this over a period of time and incorporate it as part of the grooming session, the horse will not be as sore and will tolerate it more readily. If you don’t want to cause the horse pain but still want the pulled tail finish, then use a Smart Tails. Just comb down evenly both sides of the tail to the end of the dock; this will tidy the tail and give an amazing finish within minutes. Your horse won’t even know it has been done. Dampen the tail and bandage to keep it in shape. Remove bandage after an hour or so and check whether it needs any finishing touches.

TOP TIP: Smart Manes and Smart Tails offer a choice of blade types (from coarse to fine) so you can select the best blade for your horse’s hair.

h: 02 6238 2131

For the final finish make sure the tail is cut squarely at the bottom and finished to the right length. To get the correct height, get a friend to put a showing cane, or piece of hose under the tail to lift it to the height your horse would normally carry his tail. Then cut the end of the tail square at about an inch below the hock. If it is thick then use a set of clippers to cut across the bottom, which is easier than struggling with scissors. Use Smart Grooming’s Super Shine to condition the tail. Tame the Mane can be used to detangle manes, tails and feathers, and will keep the hair in tip top condition.

Editorial and images provided by: Grosvenor Park Products

The Stable Magazine 43

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Horsemanship for Performance


often get to chatting with my students as I am coaching them on the performance aspect of our training, and how alot of people struggle to make the connection between horsemanship and performance training. I think the use of the term ‘horsemanship’ in general gets alot of people thinking about certain things – we may think of bridleless riding, crossing tarps on the ground, riding in halters. Many people do not think of the dressage, reining, jumping, endurance (insert preferred discipline here) when they are talking about horsemanship, which in my opinion is a crying shame. The conversations as to

why certain images are attributed to the term ‘horsemanship’ is not necessarily the point of this article – it is not so much a why do people think that way, but more of a how can we change it ? Why do I want to change it ? Because I want everyone to realise that horsemanship is just that – horsemanship. It doesn’t matter what discipline you choose to ride in, if you practice good horsemanship, then your scores will improve, and your results will get better. I promise. You see it is not necessarily the training that we do, or the activities that we participate, but rather the understanding of how the horse thinks, and learns and ‘gets it’ that gets us the results.

We must come to the realisation that if we learn how the horse thinks, learns and communicates, and why he does what he does, then it will be easier for us to make our idea, his idea. And further to that if we understand how he thinks and learns, will we not find the task of teaching him what we want him to know easier ? I went down the path of the ‘traditional training’ for the dressage horse, and bless him – the more ‘dressage’ training we did, the more the arena became our own personal battle ground. Now the more horsemanship I train, the better my tests are, the more fun we both have and the lower our stress levels are. Life is easy for all of us now because they know that I am communicating in a way that they understand.

Is Your Horse Excited?


better question might be - are you excited?

I got to pondering this after riding my gelding Cooper the other day. We hosted an ‘Intro to Cowboy Dressage day’ and I took Cooper to ride – I was a little disappointed with our performance on the day. I felt that Cooper didn’t have his ‘head in the game’. That said It was perfectly understandable as he hadn’t been ridden for the previous 2 weeks, and as the day progressed we seemed to get a little better.

I am getting to the part where this story actually helps to make my point on getting our horses excited. Cooper wasn’t excited to be at the day on Sunday. So when I rode him today, I tried to think of something that would get him a little excited about what we were doing – as it happened the arena I was working in had a set of barrels set up for barrel racing – so the Cooper man and I tried our hand at it. It was probably the slowest barrel race in the history of barrel racing, but It got Cooper a little interested in what we were doing AND it gave him a bit of purpose to the actions i was asking him to do.

After our barrel race it was alot easier to get walk to canter transitions, spins, rollbacks and I got better canter circles too – Cooper was a little more ‘tuned’ into me and was a bit excited about what we were doing. To be honest I havent run a barrel race for 10 years – and It got me a little excited! Put the excitement back into your training – you may not have do do a barrel race – maybe a trail ride, or some new ground work, – anything you havent done for a while – mix it up a little and see the interest come back into your horse. Happy Riding!

Ask Tanja... 46

Have you got a question you’d like to ask Tanja about your horse? Send your question to with ‘Ask Tanja’ in the subject line - and check future issues of The Stable for Tanja’s responses!

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Tanja Kraus Horsemanship Building the relationship with our equine partners. Confidence, trust, balance are all things TKH can help you build with your horse.

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