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THE SPECTRUM VOL. 67 NO. 52 | MAY 10, 2018



COMMENCEMENT COMMENCEMENTISSUE COMMENCEMENT Students debate healthcare, immigration and Iran nuclear deal at ‘The Great Debate’

Celebrate good times: A summary of commencement ceremonies as the semester concludes


Goodbye columns graduating staff say their farewells



UB senior adviser resigns after relationship with student Student hit by I was in his office all the time and nobody said anything to me. I could have come in a clown suit and an AK-47, and no one would have noticed. I was very clearly not a freshman. I was very clearly not a part of EOP.”

St. Bonaventure says UB didn’t warn about adviser who had sex in his office HANNAH STEIN EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

When a UB student began an affair with a senior UB staffer in June of last year, she thought it would just be a fun story to tell at her bachelorette party one day. But she became pregnant, the consensual relationship ended and she reported it to the university in August. She and the staffer – Patrick Crosby, a senior adviser in the Educational Opportunity Program – had sex in his office on multiple occasions, and he sent her sexually suggestive photos and videos taken in his office during work time, she told UB officials. “I was in his office all the time and no-

off-duty officer remains in critical condition

body said anything to me,” said the student, who wishes to remain anonymous. “I could have come in a clown suit and an AK-47, and no one would have noticed. I was very clearly not a freshman. I was very clearly not a part of EOP.” UB removed Crosby from his job as counselor and put him on “special assignment,” which allowed him to work from home until last month. He resigned April 21. Then, St. Bonaventure University hired Crosby as an academic adviser in its higher educational opportunity program. UB told the school he had been laid off for “budgetary reasons” and did not disclose the situation with the student, according to Tom Missel, interim vice president of university relations at St. Bonaventure. UB spokesperson John Della Contrada could not say what UB told St. Bonaventure. > SEE

Student struck by car, sustained serious head injuries MAX KALNITZ NEWS EDITOR

A UB student remains in critical condition at Erie County Medical Center after suffering serious head injuries when an off-duty Buffalo police detective struck him with her car on May 2. The incident took place at around 5:45 a.m. when Kevin Guichard, a freshman engineering major, was crossing Main Street near Custer Street close to UB’s South Campus. Sixty-two-year-old Mary Pat Kaempf, an off-duty Buffalo police detective and veteran of over 40 years, hit the 19-yearold student while driving to work. Kaempf was driving her personal vehicle, not a patrol car. Kaempf cooperated with law officials and gave blood samples, which had no traces of alcohol or drugs in her system, according to Buffalo police captain Jeff Rinaldo. Police obtained private surveillance footage showing Guichard and an unidentified individual crossing from the east to west side of Main Street prior to the accident. Guichard wore a black hoodie with the hood up, sunglasses, grey sweatpants and white flip flops, according to Rinaldo.


Transfer student with 3.7 GPA will not receive Latin honors from UB SARAH CROWLEY SENIOR NEWS EDITOR

When Lauren Mojeski graduates this spring, she will not be able to wear the gold cords given to students with grade-point averages of at least 3.2, a symbol of academic achievement. And when her name is called to walk across the stage to accept her diploma, there will be no outward sign that the mother of two is expected to graduate with a 3.75 GPA, an accomplishment usually marked by summa cum laude honors. Mojeski will not be eligible to receive Latin honors because she only has 57 credit hours from UB, three credits short of the 60 credit hours required by univer-

sity policy. Eligibility for Latin honors is set by the Faculty Senate and outlined in the undergraduate catalog, but Mojeski said she wasn’t made aware of the policy when she transferred in 2016 from SUNY-accredited Niagara County Community College. She feels the policy is unfair for transfer students who may begin at a community college for financial reasons. “It’s not really fair,” Mojeski said. “I talked to my professors because I just wanted to let them know, because I also just feel a little bit embarrassed walking at graduation. They know I get A’s in their classes and I don’t want them to be like, ‘Wow, she must suck at everything else.’” > SEE



Student is three credits short of meeting Latin honors threshold

Lauren Mojeski, a senior history major, sits in front of Lake Lasalle. Mojeski transferred to UB from a SUNY-accredited community college and was upset to realize she will not be able to receive Latin Honors after falling three credits short of UB’s requirement.


After a year of protests, little resolution on stipend level issues UB’s total graduate funding package

Average stipend

Tuition scholarship

Direct investment sub-total

Fringe benefits











Graduate student Lowman’s stipend







Tuition scholarship

Graduate student fees

Fringe benefits


The Faculty Senate is gathering data to assess if UB stipend levels competitive with peer schools ANNA SAVCHENKO ASST. NEWS EDITOR

Graduate students still insist they are not being paid a living wage, yet the university says it spends more than the national average to support its graduate students. And after a year of start-stop negotiations and demonstrations, no one can even agree on the amount the university pays its teaching and graduate assistants. Totals released from the university list

stipend levels at just below the $18,004 average for graduate students across peer AAU public institutions, according to UB spokesperson John Della Contrada. In a statement released April 15, the university said the average graduate student receives a stipend of $17,343 and a total package worth $38,000. UB graduate students insist their “total packages” are smaller and that they also pay the highest fees among peer institutions. The university, they say, does not take this into account when assessing


[health insurance]


University of California, Irvine


SUNY Stony Brook


University at Pittsburgh

-$1,129 than UB

-$777 than UB

-$1,663 than UB



its investment in graduate students. Graduate students have never made a lot of money, and there is an expectation shared by many that the “lean years” are a trade-off for a higher-paying job later on. But of the 12 graduate students The Spectrum spoke with, many said they are worried they won’t be competitive in their job

markets. Many said they feel the increasing cost of living in Buffalo combined with the stagnant stipend rates are hurting their chances in the job market, by forcing them to devote less time to research.




2 | Thursday, May 10, 2018

Sub-Board I asks the Faculty-Student Association to transfer $1.5 million back to students SBI says money belongs to students, came from purchase made with student fees SARAH CROWLEY SENIOR NEWS EDITOR

Sub-board I, the nonprofit auxiliary organization responsible for managing student fees on behalf of student governments is asking the Faculty-Student Association to release a $1.5 million asset back into the hands of students. The FSA, which does business as Campus Dining & Shops, is an auxiliary organization comprised of students, faculty, administrators and community business members that oversees dining services and shops on campus. SBI Treasurer Kyle Murphy made the case to the FSA board of directors on Monday that the asset in question belongs to students and should be transferred back to SBI as the university’s fiscal agent for student fees. At issue is a decades-old battle between the two organizations over whether or not profits from a land sale that SBI records indicate was made with student fees, should be transferred back to SBI. SBI records show that in 1964 the FSA


EDITORIAL The Center for the Arts also offers concerts throughout the year, and sometimes books big acts. If SA eliminates one of the fests, some of the money could be used towards reserving a block of free tickets to some of these events for under-

–– at the time, the sole agent on campus for managing university funds –– used student activity fees to purchase land for student recreational use. There were plans to build a golf course for faculty and students, but the land was never developed and was later sold in 1987. Since then, the FSA has maintained control over the principal investment, despite protests from SBI members that the money should be in students’ control now that there exists an organization who oversees student funds. The money is listed as a restricted asset on the FSA’s books. Murphy and other SBI board members, including current Student Association president and treasurer Leslie Veloz and Janet Austin, and Graduate Student Association president Tanja Aho, argue that although the FSA was the fiscal agent for student activity fees in 1964, this status does not allow them to hold onto student activity fees in perpetuity, since in 1971 students demanded the power to control their own money, and SBI formed as principal agent for managing student funds for the university. As president, Veloz also served ex-officio as board member on the FSA. Veloz was not in attendance at Monday’s meeting. “Student activity fees ultimately belong to students, not the organization that

holds them,” Murphy said. “Upon receipt of the land sale proceeds in 1987, the FSA should have delivered the students’ funds to the current fiscal agent, SBI.” FSA board members at Monday’s meeting said they are open to discussion, but many seemed unmoved by Murphy’s argument. Some mentioned there is no way to know how much of the investment came from student fees. Dan Zimmer, vice president for corporate finance and development at food service and hospitality company Delaware North, serves as one of the FSA’s independent directors. Zimmer was among the most vocal critics of Murphy’s proposal Monday. “Why would you ask for an asset that belongs to the Faculty-Student Association?” Zimmer said. “Whether some of [the investment] or all of it came from student activity fees of some kind, to the extent that they are owned by the FSA, they are owned by the FSA. I don’t understand the rationale of someone coming in after the fact, restricted or not and saying, ‘Jeeze, I’d like to claim these now.’” Murphy said he also believes the FSA could be in violation of SUNY guidelines if it maintains control over an asset that came out of an investment in student fees, something that Murphy said Jeff Brady,

executive director for CDS, confirmed on two separate occasions. When asked to verify for the board what he previously told Murphy, Brady qualified his statement saying the land sale purchase was comprised of “some” student fees. Laura Hubbard, the university’s vice president for finance and administration, told Murphy the board would have to answer a “lot of questions” from its perspective before agreeing to transfer the money. Murphy agreed, and said that the purpose of the meeting was to open up the discussion between the two organizations. After the meeting, Murphy said he felt disappointed by the board’s reaction, but not surprised. “I mean, it is $1.5 million,” Murphy said. He said he hopes SBI will continue to fight for the transfer back to students. “The average UB student on campus should be angry about this,” Murphy said. “It’s difficult because this is a thirty-yearlong issue. This isn’t parking; this isn’t something you can easily be angry about because you see it every day. But we have to continue to improve the services. We help students in so many ways the university couldn’t and wouldn’t ever provide.”

graduate students. The Spectrum editors are divided on which fest would be better to keep. Most feel keeping Spring Fest makes sense as a last hoorah and celebration of the end of the year. Others feel the timing of Spring Fest is poor given that the end of the spring semester is the busiest time of year, and students are worried about final ex-

ams and term papers. Those in favor of just keeping Fall Fest say they prefer having an event to kick off the year. And the odds of having a festival outside are generally better in September than in April or May, when it is still snowing sometimes and often very cold. Given the success of last fall’s outdoor festival, it makes sense to try to schedule the event at

a time when there is a higher likelihood it can be outside. Eliminating either Fall or Spring Fest may not be a popular decision at first, and we understand that no one wants to be the e-board to cut a fest. But we hope the 2018-19 e-board will at least consider the benefits of consolidating to just one fest.

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EDITORIAL BOARD EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Hannah Stein MANAGING EDITOR David Tunis-Garcia CREATIVE DIRECTORS Pierce Strudler Phuong Vu, Asst. COPY EDITORS Dan McKeon, Chief Emma Medina Savanna Caldwell, Asst. Cassi Enderle, Asst. Lauryn King, Asst. NEWS EDITORS Sarah Crowley, Senior Max Kalnitz Haruka Lucas Kosugi, Asst. Anna Savchenko, Asst. FEATURES EDITORS Benjamin Blanchet, Senior Wanly Chen, Asst. Erik Tingue, Asst. ARTS EDITORS Brenton Blanchet, Senior Brian Evans, Asst. SPORTS EDITORS Thomas Zafonte, Senior Nathaniel Mendelson, Asst. EDITORIAL EDITOR Maddy Fowler MULTIMEDIA EDITORS Allison Staebell, Senior Jack Li, Asst. Elijah Pike, Asst. CARTOONISTS Ardi Digap Taj Taylor


Stephen Jean-Pierre JuYung Hong, Asst.

ABOUT THE SPECTRUM The views expressed – both written and graphic – in the Opinion section of The Spectrum do not necessarily reflect the views of the editorial board. Submit contributions for these pages to The Spectrum office at Suite 132 Student Union or news@ The Spectrum reserves the right to edit these pieces for style and length. If a letter is not meant for publication, please mark it as such. All submissions must include the author’s name, daytime phone number, and email address.

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COMMENCEMENT SA e-board should eliminate one of the annual music festivals Money saved could be used toward bigger act for one fest, more frequent small events EDITORIAL BOARD

The Student Association’s annual Fall and Spring Fests are costly, and the price will likely only increase as the music industry becomes more expensive. The incoming SA e-board should consider cutting one of the fests. This year’s Spring Fest cost $400,000 for both talent and production, according to SA Entertainment Coordinator Marc Rosenblitt. Fall and Spring Fests are funded by the undergraduate student activity fee of $104.75 per semester. Next year SA will hold a referendum that gives students the opportunity to vote on whether the student activity fee should increase, so it is an especially crucial time


Thursday, Thursday,April May 10, 19, 2018 | 3 ty to bring in more popular artists. We understand that at least initially, students may be very resistant to cutting one of the fest. One Spectrum editor strongly opposes cutting one of the events because he believes Fall and Spring Fests give students something to look forward to each semester. Cutting one of the fests not only gives SA the ability to host one bigger, better festival, but also could provide more funding for other, smaller events throughout the year. UB is a notoriously disconnected campus. Given that the majority of students commute, it can be difficult to build a sense of community. Events like Buffalo Untapped are perennial favorites among UB students. Periodic events can help break up the monotony of long semesters and give students a chance to connect with peers. Bringing in exciting activities with food trucks and live music is exactly the type of events that could get students excited about their school, foster a sense of community and raise UB pride.

to think critically about how SA spends our student activity money. If SA cuts down the number of musical festivals from two to one, then the organization could po-

tentially afford to bring one big act versus two smaller acts. Students often express disappointment over the acts SA selects, and this could give SA the opportuni-

Letter from the editor

fice. We are not passing judgment on the relationship. We believe Crosby should have been responsible in his position and taken into account the implications of his actions. We also think UB should have done more to reprimand Crosby. We cannot understand why UB did not inform St. Bonaventure about Crosby’s past with this student. UB determined Crosby could not have contact with our students, but stood back when he went to supervise those at St. Bonaventure. We reported on our university’s policies along with other universities’ policies. UB’s policy allows faculty or staff to have relationships with students as long as

there is not a “conflict of interest.” The policy requires employees to identify and report situations where a relationship might affect conditions of employment or academic progress. Crosby’s behavior during working hours and in his office were reprehensible and should not be allowed. Students should feel comfortable reporting abuses of power and coming forward with stories to administrators. UB should not protect faculty and staff who act inappropriately by giving them “special assignments” and allowing them to exit quietly.

dents for less than $1 million per year, or about 0.2 percent of the funds raised so far from the new advancement campaign. UB gives zero support to overcome the additional obstacles parenting graduate students face and denies equal opportunities to graduate student mothers as it affords to their male, childless colleagues, in spite of its financial ability and its obligation under Title IX to provide equal access. Our international colleagues are barred from working anywhere other than the university, and they are forced to pay additional fees on top of the over $2,000 in fees that full-time domestic graduate students must pay to UB. One such fee is in effect a tax to ship their dead bodies back to their home countries. Of course, this fee is not refunded to them when they complete their degrees alive, and so UB pockets millions of dollars from this ludicrous fee. International students are also required to show a $22,000 balance in their bank accounts before their visas are renewed, which is a nearly impossible feat when your pay is $15,000 or less, and you are not allowed to take any other work. Exploited graduate student and adjunct workers already give UB our labor in exchange for unfair pay. We give our time and expertise to the undergraduate students we teach. We give our time and talent to advance the research mission of the university. Graduate students give an excessive percentage of our wages back to the university in the form of fees that increase every year and are not covered under tuition waivers. Many of our colleagues

have stipends that already leave them so poor that they are eligible for government assistance programs. And yet, instead of using a portion of the unrestricted funds you have already raised to provide us with sufficient income to meet our basic needs, you thought it appropriate to ask us for more money. We will never give money to an institution that exploits many of its most valuable workers in the ways that UB does. Asking graduate students to give to the university when you pay many of us poverty wages is in poor taste, but it is a perfect illustration of how UB as an institution extracts all the value it can from its most vulnerable without giving us the material support we need in return. We certainly hope the university has not sent the same solicitation email to its adjunct faculty. Many graduate students and our allies are calling for concrete steps toward the provision of a living stipend for all graduate student workers at UB. The Living Stipend Movement’s petition has nearly 1,100 signatures, and there is already clear data to suggest that increasing stipends to a livable level is not only plausible, possible and widely supported across the university community, but long overdue. We respectfully suggest that you reevaluate your priorities and make UB an institution deserving of the gifts its graduate student workers already bring to the table.

In today’s issue, we reported on our front page about a UB senior adviser in the Educational Opportunity Program who used his office to have sex with a student and text the student sexually suggestive photos and videos. We printed his name despite strong pressure from university officials who feel we should not have done so. We have thought deeply about the implications of including and not including his name, and believe printing his name is in the public interest. We withheld the student’s name at her request. Although the re-

lationship was consensual and not a violation of UB policy, we feel students and staff are held to different standards. Moreover, we think he was in a position of power even though he wasn’t her adviser at UB because of their relationship history – he was her counselor at Buffalo State – and the nature of his job here. Patrick Crosby should have been aware he was a state employee working on the public payroll. He took advantage of his position by using his workspace for sex and sending a student sexually suggestive photos and videos from his of-

Letter to the editor Dear University at Buffalo administrators, We recently learned UB has already raised $450 million from a massive new fundraising campaign. $450 million, yet we have heard no proposal to pay living stipends to graduate teaching assistants or living wages to adjunct faculty. You could easily pay graduate student workers a living stipend for less than $6 million per year, just 1.3 percent of the funds raised. Investing the same sum in your lowest-paid adjuncts, whose pay is around $2,500 per three-credit course, would certainly improve the conditions of these mission-critical employees that you exploit. To put it differently, you have currently raised nearly 40 years worth of paying your most vulnerable workers a living wage. To add insult to injury, this news comes just two weeks after we received a fundraising email soliciting donations from us out of our paltry pay. This request is ridiculous, of course; we could not give to UB even if we wanted to because we can barely afford to live as it is. One of us declined to continue as a UB adjunct instructor in her sixth year, opting instead for a full-time job elsewhere because the adjunct pay of $5,000 per semester to teach two classes is unlivable. The other, still on a TA line, works three additional part-time jobs and has two roommates in a two-bedroom apartment to make ends meet. UB continues to give zero evidence of any concern for the poverty in which we

and our colleagues continue to pursue our degrees. The financial situation is exacerbated for parenting and international graduate student workers who often have far fewer options and far greater expenses. UB refuses to give affordable childcare or a living wage to graduate students who research, publish and teach to further the university’s mission while pursuing doctoral degrees. As graduate student employees of UB, we are eligible for zero paid parental leave, and should we need to take time off from teaching for the birth or adoption of our children, we lose our employer-sponsored health insurance and must pay up to $900 per month out of pocket for COBRA coverage – all while making no income because we are not working. Going without insurance when giving birth is not an option, as even a routine, uncomplicated hospital birth can cost around $10,000. Those of us with young children struggle to afford necessary childcare to complete our dissertations. For example, the on-campus childcare center costs more than $60 per day at the “discounted” student rate. Comparable centers off campus cost between $50-70 per day, meaning that full-time, highquality professional childcare actually costs over half of a TA’s entire stipend after taxes, or more than an adjunct instructor’s entire after-tax pay for teaching two courses per semester. The university could certainly provide free childcare to parenting graduate stu-




Warmly, Leslie Nickerson Nicole Lowman UB graduate students

4 | Thursday, May 10, 2018


STIPEND Natalia Pamula, a comparative literature Ph.D student in her last year of graduate school, is worried about getting a job in her field after graduation. “The question is, if you are an institution of higher education that values research, don’t you want us to get academic jobs? I don’t have enough time to spend on my dissertation, and it is really hard out there in the job market. We basically cannot compete with people that had more time to work on their dissertations,” Pamula said. Graham Hamill, vice provost for educational affairs and dean of the graduate school, said that the graduate school partners with offices across campus to provide graduate students with the information and training they need to compete for a wide range of jobs. Rachit Anand, a first-year comparative literature Ph.D student, chose to attend UB instead of the University of Delhi. He said he had followed the works of professors in UB’s comparative literature department for years before deciding to apply to the university. Even though the University of Delhi offered Anand a better stipend, he still chose UB for academic reasons, he said. Anand said he considered transferring to another university because of financial struggles. But still, he feels the faculty here are the best fit for him. “Several other universities, with lesser faculty strength, are able to support their graduate students much better,” Anand said. “Having said that, my contention is not that we are paid less in comparative terms — which we are — but that we are not supported by the standards set by the university itself on its website and official papers. That is just demeaning to the job that we do, which is to teach, and by that effect demeaning to the university as well.”

By the numbers English Ph.D candidate Nicole Lowman has been at the center of the Living

COMMENCEMENT Stipend Movement, a group of students and faculty pushing for higher stipend levels. She said she does not receive what the university claims it pays graduate students. Lowman received a $14,780 stipend for the 2017-18 academic year, a tuition waiver valued at $8,154 per semester and health insurance that amounts to $3,406.95, according to copies of her tax forms and student account, which Lowman showed The Spectrum. Lowman received a “total package” of $26,343.95, roughly $24,000 after she paid mandatory fees. “For me, the ‘total package’ is much less,” Lowman said. “I hesitate to use that phrase because any respectable Research I university funds its Ph.D students and includes tuition. It is usually not even presented as something the university is paying, because they’re not.” Lowman says she is one of the “lucky ones” who receives an additional $3,750 per semester in supplemental funding from the university in the form of a presidential fellowship, which she uses to pay for her student fees. Without it, Lowman said she would not be able to afford to pay for living expenses, such as rent and food.

The bigger picture The faculty senate budget advisory committee is in the process of looking at other peer institutions and writing a report and recommendation to the senate based on its findings, according to Senate Chair Phil Glick. The committee expects to complete its report by the fall. The report will aim to delineate the financial and academic implications of providing a living wage to graduate students, Glick said. “The bottom line is that every department in every unit is going to have a discipline-based solution because a lot of this is driven by market value of what you have to do to be competitive to get Ph.D candidates,” Glick said. Although the average stipend at UB is $17,343, base stipends across graduate schools range from around $10,000 to $23,500, according to data presented at a faculty senate budget meeting on Friday.

UB compares itself to University of Pittsburgh, University of Iowa, Stony Brook University, Rutgers University, UC Irvine, and University of Arizona on a national scale. UB graduate students pay among the highest student fee rates in the AAU system, at $2,513 per academic year. University of Pittsburgh’s graduate students pay $850 per academic year. The average teaching assistant stipend is $18,450 for the 2018-19 academic year. The current living wage in Allegheny County, PA., is estimated at $21,506, according to the MIT living wage calculator. At the University of Iowa, the average stipend amount for the 2018-19 academic year is $19,225, according to Jennifer Crawford, an administrative services specialist at the University of Iowa graduate college. The current living wage for the University of Iowa’s Oakland County is $22,781. MIT living wage calculations show that many institutions offer stipends lower than living wages in respective geographical locations. However, schools like Iowa and Pittsburgh have smaller gaps between stipend and cost of living than at UB. “If we want to be competitive on a national scale to attract the best and the brightest graduate students, we have to give the same kind of packages that other AAU universities are offering, and to me it’s not clear that we’re doing that,” Glick said. At University of Iowa, graduate student fees are waived for teaching assistants, while at the University of Pittsburgh and the UC Irvine, graduate teaching assistants are partially refunded the amounts they pay for fees, according to graduate policy statements found on the universities’ respective websites. Ariana Nash, an English Ph.D student, said it is unfair for UB to charge teaching assistants a fee for using technology, because they use equipment such as projectors and computers to better the student experience in the classroom. “It’s illegal to charge workers for what they’re trying to do in order to work,” Nash said. “They get around that because we’re both teachers and students, so they are paying

Thursday, May 10, 2018 | 5


Nicole Lowman, an English Ph.D candidate in Clemens Hall. Lowman has been at the center of a movement pushing for higher stipend levels over the past year.

us as teachers and charging us as students.” Pamula said she feels that UB uses fees to make profits off of students. “UB is run like a company, but it says it is a university,” Pamula said. “This makes me feel ambivalent because I feel that the education I have received all and all is absolutely fine, and I was lucky with the additional financial support from my department. My situation was better than those of other people, and my advisors were wonderful, but the institution, administration, and the way UB is run with fees just sucks. I don’t know if this is the sort of reputation UB really wants to have.”

The Living Stipend Movement, looking forward On March 13, the Graduate Student Association Senate body passed a resolution put forth by the Living Stipend Movement to increase stipends for graduate student teaching and research assistants. The resolution asked university officials to take “immediate action” to raise graduate stipends to living wage levels, and asked President Satish Tripathi to establish a committee to study competitive minimum stipend levels and make recommendations on how change should be implemented. CONTINUED ON PAGE 9

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UNIVERSITY STATEMENT in response to questions about Crosby’s relationship “As a matter of practice, the university does not comment on individual personnel issues. Unwelcome sexual or romantic propositions and other forms of unwelcome sexual conduct are prohibited under university policies prohibiting sexual harassment. Similarly, UB’s nepotism policy requires employees to identify and report situations where a family, personal, and/or romantic relationship may call into question the integrity of a decision affecting terms and conditions of employment or academic progress. Generally speaking, when violations of policies prohibiting harassment and/or nepotism are reported, UB’s Office of Equity, Diversity and Inclusion immediately investigates. If the investigation finds a violation of the university’s policies on sexual harassment or nepotism, disciplinary recommendations for misconduct may include a reprimand, suspension, or termination. If there is not a finding of sexual harassment or nepotism, disciplinary actions may also be recommended for unprofessional conduct at the university, including the possibility of reprimand, suspension, or termination.”


ADVISER UB’s policy is to confirm a former worker’s dates of employment when called by potential employers, according to Della Contrada. Faculty and staff are allowed to have relationships with students as long as there is no conflict of interest, according to UB’s nepotism policy. The university also prohibits “unwelcome” sexual conduct. Della Contrada declined to comment on Crosby’s case but provided a statement to The Spectrum that read, in part, “As a matter of practice, the university does not comment on individual personnel issues. Unwelcome sexual or romantic propositions and other forms of unwelcome sexual conduct are prohibited under university policies prohibiting sexual harassment [see sidebar for full statement].” Tracy Johnson, assistant vice provost of educational affairs, also declined to comment. Crosby, who had been at UB since July of 2016, declined to comment on the pictures he sent from his office. He said, “I wholeheartedly regret and am saddened by the difficulties and pain that I’ve caused my loved ones and those who support me.” “Though my actions were unfavorable, she was a consenting adult and I violated no UB policy in my relationship with this student since there was no power dynamic; she was not a student of mine while at the university,” Crosby said in the statement. “Our relationship was very separate from any and all professional role[s] I held at the university.” Crosby used two apps, Kik and Telegram, to communicate with the student, she said. She would go to his office a few times a week for lunch and more than once to have sex. “I would just walk in and open his door,” she said.

When she came to UB, Crosby was the only familiar person to her, she said. The student met Crosby at Buffalo State College where he was her counselor for COMPASS, a college mentoring opportunity program. When the student reported the situation and provided the videos and photos to Title IX Coordinator Sharon NolanWeiss in August, the university made sure she and Crosby had no further contact, the student said. The university, according to emails the student supplied to The Spectrum, told Crosby in September he wasn’t allowed to be in contact with students after September while he worked from home. UB’s nepotism policy was last revised in 2015. Nolan-Weiss declined to talk to The Spectrum for this story. UB’s policy focuses on the type of relationships between employees and students and if they involve conflicts of interest or unequal power relationships. If neither exists, the relationship is allowed, and faculty and staff, including advisers, do not have to report a consensual relationship. Officials said a conflict would involve coercion or a professor, adviser or staff member having a supervisory or evaluative role over a student. The university does not keep track of the number of relationship cases between staff and students unless someone reports a conflict, officials said. In the past 10 years, universities nationwide have reevaluated and updated policies governing relationships between faculty, staff and undergraduate students. Harvard, Stanford, Yale, the University of Connecticut, and the College of William and Mary all prohibit sexual or romantic relationships between staff, faculty and students. In March, the University of Pennsylvania updated its policy to prohibit all sexual relations between faculty, staff, advisers and undergraduate students. The hashtag #MeToo movement in the past year has also sparked new conversa- tions about sexual dynamics and relationships in the workplace, including at universities. Stanford’s policy says relationships have the potential to involve bias, favoritism and exploitation, and may have adverse effects on the school’s work environment during the relationship or postbreakup. It also says the relationships could “erode trust” in mentee-mentor relationships. The College of William and Mary’s policy says the prohibition is to protect students and the “integrity of the university.” UB is hesitant about revising its policy to prohibit all relationships between staff and students, but it’s something officials say is being discussed. The student said she was surprised that UB’s policy allowed her relationship, but she said sneaking around wasn’t hard. “This is an example of a completely inappropriate relationship that should have never happened,” the student said. “And this is pretty bad, but our school is practically a mini-city and there’s definitely girls who’ve experienced more and greater terrible things that happen. They need to say something and not be embarrassed [to come forward].” St. Bonaventure University hired Crosby as an academic counselor in the Higher Educational Opportunity Program on April 23 and suspended him on April 30, after learning of his relationship with the UB student, according to Missel. Missel said UB told St. Bonaventure upon Crosby’s hiring that Crosby was “laid off due to budgetary purposes.” St. Bonaventure is “investigating” Crosby’s case, Missel said. email: twitter: @HannahJStein

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Celebration #UBclassof2018 Morning Ceremony

Afternoon Ceremony

Student-nominated faculty speaker

Student-nominated faculty speaker

Troy D. Wood

Wendy Quinton

Student Speaker

Student Speaker

Department of Chemistry

Moses Kwang Jin Chung Biological Sciences

Department of Psychology

Fareesa Mahmood Geography


TRANSFER Elaine Cusker, senior associate dean for educational affairs, said it is standard for universities to require students to complete a minimum level of work at their new institution to receive Latin honors. “I can assure you that all new students go through orientation, and the [undergraduate] catalog is supplied as a very significant resource for procedures and requirements,” Cusker said. “The qualifications are quite explicit, and a student starting out at UB aiming for these honors would certainly want to make themselves aware of what these requirements are.” The Latin honors policy means that all students who come to UB with an associate’s degree and graduate in two years have to maintain an average of 15 credits per semester. Similarly, to be eligible for the Dean’s List students must take an average of 15 credits. Mojeski averaged 14.25. Full-time is 12 credit hours. English professor David Schmid, who taught Mojeski, said he understands the policy but thinks there needs to be flexibility. “Not only is she three credit hours short, she transferred these credits from a SUNY-accredited institution,” Schmid said. “This isn’t some Podunk university. I think there needs to be come consideration of that.” Mojeski is an “exceptional student” and “incredibly hardworking,” Schmid said. He asked Mojeski to present a paper at the English department’s undergraduate conference, despite being a history major. “Even from a purely public relations point of view, everyone knows that if UB has a reputation, it is as being a large, anonymous school in which it’s easy to fall between the cracks,” Schmid said. “Here’s a student who’s not only played by the rules but has excelled. UB has an opportunity to demonstrate its flexibility and to demonstrate that to them, Lauren is not

COMMENCEMENT able or the equivalent to a UB course,” just a number; she’s an exceptional case.” Originally from Canada, Mojes- Mojeski said. “I knew some people fall ki worked in a law office after graduat- behind or end up having to take an extra ing from high school, while waiting to re- year to finish their four-year degree, so I ceive a green card to join her husband in was always making sure to check that all the U.S. She had her first child when she my credits would transfer.” Ian Stapley, Mojeski’s English profeswas 23 and became pregnant with her second less than two years later. It was during sor from NCCC, said he is “a bit vexed” by UB’s Latin honthis time that Mojeski ors policy and said realized she wanted to it seems “draconiget her bachelor’s dean.” Stapley graduatgree and eventually ated from UB with his tend law school. She bachelor’s, master’s saw the work lawyers and doctorate and around her were doing teaches honors Engand thought, “I can lish at NCCC. do that.” He said Mojeski “I just thought, was “the student ev‘I can put myself ery professor wants to to better use, I’m have.” smart enough to go to school,’ so even Her planning worked, though I was pregand when Mojeski apnant with my daughter plied to UB, she was when I made my deciaccepted and all the sion, I just decided I’m credits she received going to push through at NCCC transferred. and get something Mojeski said she knew done,” Mojeski said. that as a mother she “I just wanted to show wouldn’t be able to them some kind of inhave the traditional colspiration they could lege experience, so she look up to, not just me threw herself into her sitting at home with schoolwork. them. There’s nothing - DAVID SCHMID “I wanted to do wrong with [sitting at rowing or some kind home]. It was just for me. I knew school of extracurricular, but with two kids, you was my thing.” just can’t do it,” Mojeski said. “So basicalMojeski decided she would first at- ly all my focus was on getting high grades. I tend NCCC, which was cheaper and right would come here for classes, go home and down the road from where she lived. She be with my kids, make dinner, do laundry, planned to transfer to UB to finish her do dishes, then sneak out and do homebachelor’s. work until midnight. It’s all been about Mojeski gave birth to her second child school, so it just really sucks that it’s being during her first week of classes at NCCC. taken away for what I feel like is a pretty Two years later, she graduated with her as- unfair reason.” sociate’s and applied to pursue an underMojeski first found out she would not graduate in history at UB. be able to graduate with Latin honors af“Every class I registered for, I would al- ter picking up her cap and gown, and disways check to make sure it was transfer- covering she was not on the list to receive

She’s done this all as a mom of two kids. She’s worked her butt off to put herself through school. I admire the hell out of her and I think if any exception is going to be made, it should be for this.”

Thursday, May 10, 2018 | 7 a Latin honors cord. “It really hurt,” she said. “I made the decision to go to [NCCC] for financial reasons, which I’m sure many other [transfer] students do also. My husband’s like, ‘Oh, well you can just take summer courses, and maybe then you’ll get it.’ But that’s not fair, that’s not right. I have enough to graduate.” She was invited to apply to her departmental honors society, but Mojeski said she turned it down because of a $100 registration fee. “That’s not a lot, but I mean it’s three boxes of diapers,” Mojeski said. “I just didn’t think much of it. I told myself, ‘Well I won’t worry about it since I’ll have the Latin honors to go for instead.’ Or at least I thought.” Mojeski would have to pay out of pocket for summer courses to bring her credit hours up to the required amount, something she said is out of the question. “There’s also the fact that the sooner I finish, the sooner I have nights back to be with my kids,” Mojeski said. “That’s important. Everything changes when you have kids.” Mojeski emailed Sharon Nolan-Weiss, director of the Office of Equity, Diversity and Inclusion, about the situation. Nolan-Weiss responded and told Mojeski she would relay her concerns to the Office of Educational Affairs because it sounded more like an academic issue than a discrimination issue. Mojeski said she doubts much will happen in time for her graduation in less than two weeks, but she hopes she may be able to help students in similar situations by bringing attention to the issue. “She’s done this all as a mom of two kids. She’s worked her butt off to put herself through school,” Schmid said. “I admire the hell out of her and I think if any exception is going to be made, it should be for this.” email: twitter: @crowleyspectrum

8 | Thursday, May 10, 2018


Celebrate good times A summary of commencement ceremonies as the semester concludes BENJAMIN BLANCHET, WANLY CHEN, ERIK TINGUE

LGBTQ Lavender Award, as well.


May 17

If you’ve been working your tail off this semester or want to celebrate with your departing friends, here’s your chance. There’s a number of commencement ceremonies happening in the final days of the school year. Don’t spend your days cooped up inside Capen studying, show up to some of this semester’s upcoming graduation events.

The ALANA Celebration of Achievement - 3:00 p.m. in the Center for the Arts

527 students are registered to attend the celebration and 1,500 people are expected to be in attendance. Clayton Steen, the vice president for enrollment and marketing of SUNY Empire State College, will be the guest speaker at the celebration.

May 18

May 11

The LGBTQ Lavender Reception - 3:00 p.m. in the Student Union

Between 50 to 75 people, including 19 graduates, will be attending the reception. Justin Azzarella, the vice president of community development at EvergreenHealth, will be the keynote speaker at the reception. One student will receive an

School of Nursing - 9:00 a.m. in Alumni Arena

All graduating students will participant in this ceremony. 160 students will be in attendance and the school will distribute 15 awards. Mary Alice Hall, vice president of clinical education and professional practice at Kaleida Health’s Center for Clinical Ex-

cellence, will deliver the keynote address. University Honors College - 6:00 p.m. in Slee Hall.

Graduate School of Education 9:00 a.m. in the Center for the Arts (graduates)

Over 200 students will participate in this year’s ceremony. Doctoral graduates from the Graduate School of Education will take the stage in CFA and a special hooding ceremony will recognize their accomplishments. School of Engineering and Applied Sciences - 1:00 p.m. in Alumni Arena (graduates)

More than 500 students will be at the SEAS ceremony. UB alum Victor Bahl, a distinguished scientist, director mobility and networking research at Microsoft Artificial Intelligence research division at Microsoft Corporation, will deliver the keynote address at the ceremony. College of Arts and Sciences - 1:00 p.m. in the Center for the Arts (graduates) School of Architecture and Planning 5:00 p.m. in the Center for the Arts

111 undergraduate and 113 graduate students are scheduled to take part in the ceremony. Daniel B. Hess, associate professor and chair of department of urban and regional planning, will be the commencement speaker. School of Management - 5:00 p.m. in Alumni Arena (graduates)

About 400 students will accept their degrees and three students will be awarded for their achievements in the school.

152 undergraduate honor scholars will take the stage. Ann Bisantz, ‘89 honor college class and dean of undergraduate education in the department of industrial and system engineering, will be the commencement’s annual alumni speaker. The Christopher Peterson Commitment to Service Award and the Chen-Kuo and Amy Chang Memorial Award will be awarded to two students, as well.

May 19

School of Management - 9:00 a.m. in Alumni Arena (undergraduates)

About 675 students will take the stage. The school will distribute three student awards, including the Delta Sigma Pi Scholarship Key and SUNY Chancellor’s Award. School of Social Work - 9:00 a.m. in the Center for the Arts (graduates)

About 180 graduate students will take the stage. Rahwa Ghirmatzion, deputy director of PUSH Buffalo, will be the guest speaker. The school is handing out 19 different awards. School of Public Health and Health Professions - 1:00 p.m. in the Center for the Arts

120 students are scheduled to take part in the ceremony. Dr. Nancy Nielsen, a clinical professor in the Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, will be the keynote speaker. CONTINUED ON PAGE 9 >>

CONGRATULATIONS CLASS OF 2018 Celebrate with a huge menu featuring Steak Dinners | Seafood | Pasta | Salads | Burgers and a Healthy Choices menu too! TULLY’S SURF ‘N TURF


PLUS – Over 20 Starters & Snacks to choose from and fresh homemade desserts!


STUDENT The section of Main Street had no crosswalk or traffic signals, according to Rinaldo. Guichard was in the lane closest CONTINUED FROM PAGE 5

STIPEND The Faculty Senate passed the resolution in an executive committee meeting on March 14. Provost Charles Zukoski sent an email to GSA President Tanja Aho in response to the proposed resolution that said students should talk to the deans of their respective departments. Lowman said the problem goes beyond the deans’ control. “Yes, it is a true statement that the deans control the budgets for their departments,” Lowman said. “But to say to go to the dean


School of Engineering and Applied Sciences - 2:30 p.m. in Alumni Arena (undergraduates)

Approximately 630 students will take the stage. Dr. Gina Lee-Glauser, vice president of research and scholarship at Clarkson University, will be the guest speaker. School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences - 5:00 p.m. in the Center for the Arts

160 students in total will take the stage and 10 awards will be handed out by the school. Guest speaker Dr. Gordon Amidon, ‘67 alum, will be honored with a SUNY honorary doctorate of science.

Thursday, May 10, 2018 | 9

to the sidewalk when Kaempf struck him. Guichard’s family traveled from Long Island to Buffalo and are staying with him at ECMC. Cassidy Maier, a freshman nursing major, started a Go Fund Me page for Guichard and his family. It has raised over

$29,500, surpassing its $20,000 goal with donations from over 600 individuals. Guichard is a member of the fraternity Delta Sigma Phi, according to multiple sources. The university derecognized the fraternity in 2001. At the moment, Buffalo police do not

know if Guichard’s accident has any connection to fraternity activity, according to Rinaldo.

is not addressing the issue. The issue is that there are all these budgetary priorities that are in place throughout the state of New York, SUNY and UB that are making this situation what it is. At the end of the day, we know that the reality is that the budgets that the deans get come from the officials, and we are really tired of the bucket being passed. We’re really tired of getting the runaround, and to blame the deans for it is really disingenuous.” On Feb. 14, the university announced that the English department will reduce its doctoral enrollment by 15 students over the next four years and bring down total enrollment to 50. Under the plan, graduate students’ base stipends will increase from $15,000 to

$18,000 in the first two years, starting this fall. In the third and fourth years, they will increase to $19,000. Although some students felt shrinking the department was not the ideal outcome, others say the new enrollment total is a more accurate reflection of available jobs in the humanities. “I am in favor of shrinking the program,” Lowman said. “I think it’s good because our program was huge, and the job market for professorial jobs in the humanities is really scary, and the fact that there is an institution turning out that many people with [doctorates] is unethical.” Although the university said the College of Art and Sciences is working with de-

partment chairs to increase graduate stipends, departmental changes in other schools have not been made. Nash said changes in the English department were a result of the strength of the movement’s lobbying force, as many members of the movement are English graduate students. Lowman said many international students from other departments feel reluctant to be vocal and support the movement. She said they may worry about their visa status, losing their funding and lack of support from faculty advisors.

bial Pathogenesis at the Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital, will deliver the keynote address.

Moses Kwang Jin Chung, a senior biological sciences major and mathematics and physics minor, will speak in the morning. Troy Wood, a professor in the department of chemistry, will be the morning’s faculty speaker. Fareesa Mahmood, a senior international trade major, will speak in the afternoon along with faculty speaker Wendy Quinton, a clinical associate professor in the department of psychology. Graduates will be able to celebrate while

they wait with photo booths and entertainment in Alumni Arena.

College of Arts and Sciences - 9:30 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. in Alumni Arena (undergraduates)

Over 1,500 graduates are registered to take the stage in the ceremonies on Sunday. 700 graduating seniors will wake up early for the morning ceremony and 800 will take the stage in the afternoon.

May 20

Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences - 9:30 a.m. in the Center for the Arts

151 undergraduate and 63 graduate students will take part at the ceremony. Dr. Lauren O. Bakaletz, a principal investigator and director of the Center for Micro-


Hundreds of students will be walking the stage at the College of Arts and Sciences commencement ceremonies. The ceremonies take place on May 18 and 20 in both the Center for the Arts and Alumni Arena.

This is a developing story. email: twitter: @Max_Kalnitz

email: twitter: @annasavchenkooo

School of Law - 3:00 p.m. in the Center for the Arts

146 graduates will be at the celebration and over 1,000 will attend the law school ceremony. Local trial attorney Terrence M. Connors, UB ‘71 alum, will deliver a keynote address. Prior, select students will be rewarded for their time in the program, including the Dale S. Margulis Award and the Dolores Denman Award for a graduating parent.

May 23

Educational Opportunity Center - 7:00 p.m. in Slee Hall

Approximately 100 students will participate in the commencement ceremony. Kevin Smith, New York state education department deputy commissioner for adult career and continuing education services, will deliver the keynote address. email:

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Students debate healthcare, immigration and Iran nuclear deal at ‘The Great Debate’ The conservative teams won two of the three rounds of debate, liberal side won nuclear deal HARUKA KOSUGI, SARAH CROWLEY NEWS EDITORS

Tuesday night saw the revival of the “Great Debate,” a tradition at UB popular in decades past, during which students from different political backgrounds defend policy positions revolving around current hot topics. The Society for Politics and International Affairs and the Debate Society hosted the debate in Knox 20, where teams of two took turns debating immigration, the Iran Nuclear Deal and healthcare. The teams were split into liberal versus conservative ideologies. Political science professors Harvey Palmer and Jacob Neiheisel helped evaluate the teams’ performances after each debate topic, offering suggestions and praise to both teams on the left and right of the issue. Members of the debate team then announced the winner for each topic. The conservative teams won the healthcare and immigration debates, while the liberal team

took the Iran nuclear deal debate.



The debaters argued whether state governments should provide aid to illegal immigrants. On the right side of the issue, freshman civil engineering students Jon Fomenko and Nicholas Boulton, argued that there is a limited amount the state can do to help illegal immigrants, and the government should not force people to pay taxes to support people who come here illegally. “Why even have borders? Why even have nationalities if we can just cross across the country and expect any aid?” Bolton said. Liberal debaters, senior political science major Malcom Gray and junior political science major Roberto Williams, pointed out the large contribution immigrants have towards the economy and the United States should “do more” to help those here illegally. “Currently illegal immigrants don’t receive health insurance or disability,” Gray said. “Without the promise of housing or Medicare or even education [we cause] immigrants to live in the shadows.” The moderators gave the victory to the conservatives after saying they did a better a job of forming points around their main argument.

The debaters contested over the issuing of government-subsidized free healthcare for American citizens. Conservative debaters, freshman biomedical science major Ian Mac Taggart and junior electrical engineering major Kyle Brazell, argued the free-market would “make healthcare cheaper” by allowing competition to dictate the price of healthcare. They also voiced support for a direct care primary system, which would allow consumers to pay doctors directly when they need their services. “You know what healthcare is best for you,” Brazell said. The debaters on the left, senior French major Jaycee Miller and senior economics major Nicholas Bush, argued free-market healthcare was not a viable option due to healthcare insurers and providers colluding to set higher prices. “I want my opponents to demonstrate to us that free-market healthcare is possible in the first place,” Bush said. “They will not be able to do this because there isn’t a single free-market healthcare system in the world.” The moderators gave the victory to the conservative debaters on the merit of better staying on the prompt.


NUCLEAR DEAL The most immediately relevant debate of the night was over the Iran nuclear deal that President Donald Trump vowed to have America pull out of earlier in the day. The debaters on the left, Bernard Dent and Constantinos Landis, argued the merits of staying in the deal as it “doesn’t make sense” for the U.S. to pull out of the agreement because it was set to stall Iran’s nuclear programs for 15 years. The debaters on the right, senior political science majors Ernest Piast and Jackie Kong, supported Trump’s position to pull out of the deal as the deal legitimized Iran’s program. “This deal was dangerous from the start because it made Iran think it had a seat at the table with the U.S,” Piast said. The left countered the right’s position by noting how Trump’s secretary of state and the European Union both believe the United States should stay in the deal. The left won the debate as moderators were concerned over the conservative debaters being “not even close to correct” on some points factually they were making during the debate. “I think from a debate standpoint we did very well, and I’m very proud of what we were able to accomplish in three weeks,” said Harris Bresowsky, a senior international affairs and public policy major, president of SPIA and organizer of the event. He said he hopes the Great Debate will continue into the future. Co-moderator David Jadric, a sophomore biotechnology and finance major, and president of the debate society, said it’s an important time at UB for there to be a place for political discourse and debate. “This was missing from the culture at UB,” Jadric said. Jadric said it’s important to allow all voices to be heard, even the most unpopular opinions. “When you cut off voices, those voices begin to feel disenfranchised, and they only grow louder,” Jadric said. “The important thing is we’re in a room together.” Junior history major Jennifer Lopez said she attended the debate, because as a citizen of the United Kingdom, she was curious about the United State’s stance on free healthcare. “I find everything quite strange [in the United States] that you have to pay for healthcare, especially because it’s so expensive,” Lopez said. Lopez said she is probably biased towards a leftist ideology, but believed the conservatives debated better on the topic of healthcare. “The left kept on mentioning a lot of different countries and didn’t hone in on the topic,” Lopez said. email:

Police looking for rug thief College-aged male suspect in CDS theft NEWS DESK

University police are trying to identify an unknown white male connected with a theft from Campus Dining & Shops in the Student Union on April 30. The suspect stole a custom carpet valued at $500 from Putnam’s, according to UB spokesperson John Della Contrada. The student is a college-aged male who drives a black four-door sedan. Police ask anyone who recognizes the suspect to call university police at 6452222. email:


University police are looking to identify a white college-aged male linked to a theft in the Student Union.


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BIT BY BIT, PUTTING IT TOGETHER Sundays in the office with Pierce


I walked through the doors of The Spectrum three years ago as an assistant creative director. With less than a year of experience in graphic design, I was excited to start a real design position at a student-run publication. That excitement quickly dwindled as I worked alongside my superior. The head creative director at the time did not like his job. He would constantly complain about the position’s many faults: the long hours, the last-minute projects, the unorganized staff, the drama. He never liked being in the office, and I could tell the position burdened his life rather than being an opportunity to learn. I felt like another burden on his life. He did not spend a lot of time teaching me anything. He would assign me an article to layout, and after an hour or so, I would submit my final layout to him. He then proceeded to change everything I worked on without informing me what I did wrong or how to improve myself for the future. For many weeks, I would open the paper the day after production to see the layout I spent hours on not in print. I felt the hours of work I did on production days to be worthless and unsuitable for print. My lack of experience and layout ed-

ucation from my superior later hit me in the beginning of the spring semester. The night after production, my superior sent me a message on Facebook telling me he was quitting his job at The Spectrum to fulfill his dreams of being a Starbucks barista, leaving the role of creative director of The Spectrum to me. I felt overwhelmed. I did not know how to properly layout articles. I did not know how to make an infographic. I did not know how to fit all the content into the paper. I did not know how to resolve technical glitches and those were only the concerns I knew about. There is more to laying out articles in a newspaper than most people would believe. The creative director needs to be a master at choosing the correct fonts for headlines and subheads, knowing proper hierarchy of information, piecing together content to fill in all empty areas of the paper, sizing and designing components to be clearly understood by readers, and overall designing the paper to be pleasing to read through. While on the job, you learn to overcome many challenges at last minute. An editor may need an infographic the night of production, and you need to understand that information well enough to make it into a simplified version for everyone to understand at a glance. An article may be too short so you need to fill in the empty space with a photo. But wait! There is no good photo for that article so you need to either jump an article to that page or suffer with the empty white space. Looking for a proper font for titles and subheads of articles can take up to an hour before you settle on a decent one. I felt there was something new for me to learn, a new challenge to overcome, every single production day.

I began to look at the paper as a giant puzzle: where the articles, graphics, images, titles, subheads and infographics are the pieces, and it is the creative director’s job to piece it all together. Designing for a newspaper is its own challenge that no one can really understand unless they do it. It took me over two-and-a-half years to fully understand newspaper design. From my minimal amounts of classes in my graphic design program, one of the things they never taught me was how to create pleasing layout design with limited amount of space for articles, images and graphics. Most class projects would ask you to design a layout with all the content and graphics fitting the way you want it to fit. There was no supplied content that had to be implanted into your layout design. The project’s main goal was to make a superb layout by solely looking at it from a design standpoint. From my work as creative director, I learned the freedom to design the way I want to was not how to best design for a newspaper. In general, I think the hardest part about this position for graphic designers derives from a designer’s desire to produce whatever they want and making it look whatever way they want it to look. That is not how a newspaper needs to be designed. The articles are why people pick up a newspaper. The tireless hours editors and writers spend researching and writing their pieces, sharing information with everyone is why newspapers and news organizations survive. At the end of the day, design should always come second. Design should be used as a way for more people to pick up the paper that might not normally,



In a very real way, I owe everything I have to Aaron Sorkin. For those of you who don’t know, Aaron Sorkin is a screenwriter and director famous for successes like “The West Wing,” “A Few Good Men” and “The Social Network.” He’s got two Golden Globes, an Oscar and five Emmys but for me, his gift to the world were his two lesser-known shows, “Sports Night” and “The Newsroom.” These shows changed my life. Both shows were about other shows. “Sports Night” focused on a sports news show much like SportsCenter on ESPN, and “The Newsroom” centered around a fictional news channel. In both shows, the executive producers were women -Dana Whitaker and MacKenzie McHale. My entire life I was an athlete. I

bounced from sport-to-sport, seasonto-season, thriving the most when I was with my teammates. When I first watched “Sports Night” and “The Newsroom”, I didn’t see two newsrooms working to produce a show. I saw two teams working towards a common goal, with their captains Dana and MacKenzie taking them to victory every night. From those first episodes on, I knew that’s what I wanted to do the rest of my life. I took steps to try and reach that goal. I came to UB as a production major with hopes to one day be able to produce news, but one important thing was missing: a team. For the first time in my life, I didn’t have teammates to depend on, learn from, and grow with. I was alone. I signed up for a journalism class, again just hoping to get one step closer to become Dana and MacKenzie. The class was taught by Jody Biehl, and I gained more passion and more desire to become a journalist on just the first day than I had ever. Jody is the UB version of Aaron Sorkin. She is another person I owe a great deal to. She crafts and creates journalists just like Sorkin does with his shows. After that first class, Jody found out I made videos and walked me down to The Spectrum office. For me, walking into the office was like Babe Ruth walking into Yankee Stadium; I had found a home, I had found a team.

To my coach, Jody: You changed my life. You have taught me what it meant to be a journalist; not just on a TV show, but for real. Every step I’ve made towards my goals can be traced back to you. I joined the paper and got two internships because of you. After I graduate and go to work, I will be taught by two of your former students, who look out for me because of the culture you’ve created. Thank you is not enough, but for now it is all I can offer. To my captain, Hannah: You have rallied our newsroom in ways none of us could imagine. Your tenacity and dedication have lead us to be a premier campus paper. The amount you’ve grown this year is incredible, and I know this is just the beginning for you. Maybe one day I can be your producer -- I know you’ll be killing it as a reporter or an anchor. Always continue to grow and believe in yourself, and your limits are endless. To David and Dan: Everytime I walked into your office, a weight was lifted off my shoulders. You two really stepped up and became leaders in a time when we needed that role filled. You were both people we could all depend on when everything else was falling apart. To my fellow senior editors, Sarah, Benjamin, Brenton and Tom: When I saw the work you guys were

but more importantly design should enhance an article’s meaning. I have learned so much from working at The Spectrum. Even though the position of the creative director can be stressful, all those frustrations faced on a production day disappear when you pick up the paper the following morning. My three years as creative director have been stressful and sometimes lonely. For the first two years, the only people the creative director would interact with were the editor-in-chief, the managing editor and on occasion a news or sports editor. Editors did not communicate with me. The creative director works at times when most editors do not. In my first two years, Gabi, editor-in-chief, Alyssa and Tori, managing editors, were the few people I had the chance to converse with, and they made those 4 a.m. production days much more enjoyable. Thankfully, my last year as creative director has been much less lonesome. In this last year, I thought after five weeks into the semester I would be quitting and finding an internship. Thankfully, my supposed replacement at the time never came in for productions in the fall semester, leaving me in my position as creative director. Inadvertently thanks to her, I had the best two semesters of my college career. Not only did I finally feel competent with my graphic design skills to produce the best content of my Spectrum career, but I met so many kind, ambitious, diligent, passionate editors who work hard to produce the best content. Even with the enormous loads of stress, I would never trade this experience for anything else in the world. I cannot imagine spending a late Wednesday or Sunday evening without the wonderful people who work at The Spectrum. email:

doing, it always push me to be better. Thank you for pushing me, inspiring me and for carrying our team and our paper each and every week. I knew despite the chaos of production days, our desks were always going to be OK with you at the helms. To Pierce: My partner-in-crime on the creative side of the paper, I couldn’t have done it without you. Thank you for pulling graphics out of thin air when another picture of a sign just wasn’t going to cut it. I can’t even imagine how far you’re going to go in life; your talent, your reliability and your kindness will take you just about anywhere you could desire. To the rest of the team: Thank you for welcoming me into the club, for filling out your slugs and credits (some of the time) and for making The Spectrum truly feel like home. Without this paper, I wouldn’t be half the person I am today. Aaron Sorkin often uses a famous poem by Robert Herrick, the first line reads “gather ye rosebuds, while ye may.” This Sorkinism means to take advantage of things while you can. For me signing up for that class was a rosebud, becoming an editor was a rosebud and the staff was certainly a rosebud. I hope as I continue striving towards being Dana and Mac. I hope that I will continue to collect rosebuds while I may, but I’m lucky enough to know I’ll always have The Spectrum as a rosebush in my corner. email:

Read more goodbye columns at UBSPECTRUM.COM


12 | Thursday, May 10, 2018

GOODBYECOLUMN THE BEGINNINGS OF A STORY-TELLER How I was raised telling my parents’ stories


I remember when I was in elementary school and performed in yearly school plays. I would hand my mom the pamphlets and she would mark down the dates and times. I didn’t expect her to come because the plays were in English, but I always saw her in the back row supporting me. When I was in high school, my dad was studying to become a U.S. citizen. We gave him our old notebooks and pens and helped him practice his writing and speaking. He memorized the answers, and he passed. But to this day, it’s the only English he knows. My high school teacher scolded me for having parents who didn’t know English. I remember feeling embarrassed by it. My parents have been here for over 30 years, I thought they should be fluent in English by now.

But growing up, I barely saw my father because he would work twelve-hour days, and my mom stayed home taking care of my autistic brother and raising four other children, including myself. They just didn’t have the time to learn English. When we were old enough, my sisters and I took turns going to parent-teacher conferences to translate for my mom. To my mother’s surprise, the teachers never said anything bad about my siblings’ or my behavior; I guess some things do get lost in translation. We read the train maps and brought our parents from Queens to Brooklyn to get registered for healthcare and schools. My parents would smile embarrassingly as they watched their 11-yearold daughter try to understand and translate complicated policies. I was raised not to cause any trouble to avoid bringing attention to my family. I was the shy and quiet girl in every classroom and was put into the English as a second language class until second grade because the school administration thought I didn’t know English. But I did - I was taught English since I was one. What I learned was mainly by listening. My parents were underpaid, underestimated and harassed as immigrants in America. I grew up hearing insults and

slurs thrown at them. I didn’t understand what the words meant, but I recognized the animosity in their voices. When my brother came home one day with bruises and cuts on his arms, my mother didn’t know what to do because she just didn’t know who to call for help. How could she express her anger when she would only be mocked for speaking in her language? That day, I knew my role in the family wasn’t just the daughter but the educator and communicator. The ability to understand and speak English is powerful in my house because it allows us children to protect our parents. We translated what my parents said in Chinese to English for the reports we filed against the school. For me, English is not my first language: it’s my third. But the stories I write are in English because it’s the only language I know how to write in. I remember writing the article of the new Asian market in Buffalo for The Spectrum. But before I went to cover the opening, I looked at all the articles written on it by other news sources. The owner’s broken English was prevalent in the coverage I read, but I knew I could tell this story properly with my background in Chinese. The story’s coverage resonates with me because I finally understood the

importance of being multilingual. In America, we pride ourselves on speaking English and people who don’t are shamed and seen as less intelligent. I interviewed the owner in Chinese, to give him the opportunity to fluently say what he wanted. It’s why my next step is to continue my education in China upon graduation – to continue bridging the gap between the Chinese community and American media. For four years, I will be learning how to read and write in my native language, while learning how to speak Mandarin. The missing stories of my community are lost because of our communities’ inability to understand one another. The stories are out there, but the voices are not. My parents will come watch me walk for graduation on the 20th and they will only understand my name. They won’t be able to read this piece, but I want them to know their struggles were not forgotten. I’m honored to be able to translate and share the stories of the Chinese community wherever I go. I want to help be their storyteller and teach others that their silence doesn’t mean they are invisible. It’s the role I’ve played since I was a child, and it’s a role that I feel responsible to continue in.

email: twitter: @Wanly_Chen

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Thursday, May 10, 2018 | 15


JUST A GUY In which the commencement column commences, five months late


My shower wasn’t working one morning, so I hauled my sweaty self out to North Campus before work to shower in Alumni. I sent a Snap to one of my fellow editors that said, “Just a guy, showering with some college kids.” That’s been the joke all semester: David’s just a guy. I graduated from UB in December with a degree in media study and a journalism certificate, because I don’t want to make any money, I guess. I’m still here because our editor-in-chief asked me to finish out the year as managing editor. I was hesitant, mostly because I

was afraid of being just a guy. Of being Matthew McConaughey in “Dazed and Confused,” graduated and still hanging out with the high schoolers. Alright, alright, alright… I ended up staying, obviously. I’m glad I did, and I’ll always be thankful Hannah gave me the opportunity. Of course the “just a guy” jokes started, half of them probably made by me: “Where am I going to park now that I’m just a guy?” “Don’t ask me, I’m just a guy.” “Nobody tell John Della Contrada that I’m just a guy.” All good stuff, I know. But the real joke, for me, has gone unspoken until now. And it’s that I have never felt less like just a guy than I have this last year as managing editor. I came to The Spectrum as a contributing writer my first semester at UB after transferring from ECC and taking some time off to almost become a sheriff. I moved up a rung on arts desk each semester after that: staff writer, assistant editor, desk editor, senior editor. People I shared the newsroom with those two years will say they didn’t really know who I was. I don’t blame them. I came into the office with my articles done, finished up my editing for the day and

left as soon as I could. I was just a guy. Hannah asked me to come on as comanaging editor last semester after one of the people in the role stepped down — still the second-best gift Grace has given me. I don’t know if I was the best person for the job, but the job was the best for me. Staying all production, every production. Reading every article. Getting it to a place where it could run in the paper. Making that decision at 3 a.m. I felt vital, never more at home in a role and never more myself, for better or worse. I got to write obnoxiously about movies every month for the movie guide. I hope at least one person enjoyed those half as much as I did. I got to tell the wrestling story I had been wanting to tell since my first journalism class with Keith McShea, in exactly the way I wanted to tell it. I know I’ll never have that sort of creative control again on any project. I managed The Spectrum while it was — what I can honestly say — the strongest I have ever seen it. Critics agree. I’m sure that’s not because of me, but being a part of that is the most rewarding experience of my life so far. I hope they continue that momentum after this year. I’m sure they will. I’ll miss being a part of it, though. I’ll miss all of the people in that office who have become some of my closest friends. I’ll miss the late-night riffs on Brad Pitt’s one-man “Wicked” production, esoteric

Guy Fieri game show ideas and something about sloppy ice cream. Band name? Once this column is done, I’ll no longer be a writer for The Spectrum. Once I put my red tag on the last article, I’m not managing editor anymore. Unless we all keep up correspondence, we may not be that close of friends for very long after the semester ends. The group chats have already started to die down. I’ll go back to being just a guy. And that’s cool. I still have my job at the library. I’ll probably go back to Target and hopefully get off my butt and start writing and producing my own projects like I’ve been saying I will. Maybe I’ll get into CrossFit. It’ll be nice to breathe. Since I started managing, life has been non-stop. I broke up with my girlfriend of nearly two years not long after starting, partly because the responsibility of both got to be too much. I can probably count on one hand the amount of times I’ve hung out with my non-newspaper friends since November. I miss my bed. I’ve only been at this for something like six months, but it feels like I’ve never not been doing it, in the best way. I’m curious to see what life looks like from here, when I’m back to being just a guy. It was nice being more than that for a while though. Maybe I’ll do it again sometime. email: twitter: @davidubspectrum.

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The edge:

Buffalo vs. Northwestern

A breakdown of which team holds the advantage heading into the NCAA Tournament


Bulls trying for the big leagues MADISON MEYER | THE SPECTRUM

(left) Safety Tim Roberts looks for the tackle at UB Stadium. Roberts, a former Bull, was invited to compete in a NFL minicamp with Washington on May 14. (right) Defensive lineman Chris Ford pushes for the tackle against the running back. Ford is one of three former Bulls to be invited to NFL mini camps in the passing weeks.


It will be the Bulls against the Wildcats in the first round of the women’s tennis NCAA Tournament. Buffalo will take on Northwestern Friday, May 11 at 4 p.m. in Evanston, Illinois, in what will be the third program appearance for the Bulls. Buffalo (17-3, 8-0 Mid-American Conference) travels to Illinois for the program’s second-straight NCAA Tournament. The No. 2 overall seed Ohio State Buckeyes (148, 7-4 Big Ten) eliminated Buffalo in the first round last year. Buffalo heads into the tournament after tying the program high of 17 wins on the season and is second in the nation with a 14 match win streak. See who has the edge in each matchup in The Spectrum’s breakdown:

Doubles: Northwestern Doubles play has been Buffalo’s weakness all season. The Bulls won five straight doubles points before losing each of them during the MAC tournament. Northwestern (21-5, 11-0 B1G) has gone a combined 91-19 in doubles matches this season. The first doubles team of senior Erin Larner and senior Maddie Lipp have gone 17-3 and 9-1 in their last 10 matches. The third doubles team of sophomore Emel Abibula and junior Arianna Paules Aldrey have the best chance of taking their set against Northwestern. The duo has gone a team-best 13-4 in doubles this season. They will be matched up against junior Rheeya Doshi and sophomore Julie Byrne. Buffalo will have to win every serve in order to keep it competitive.

Top three singles: Northwestern First singles will be played between Buffalo junior Chantal Martinez Blanco and Northwestern’s Larner. Larner is ranked No. 38 in the country in singles play and is one of three Wildcats to make the All-Big 10 team. Blanco was named to that All-MAC first team after going 23-7 overall on the year. Still, expect Larner to win in two sets and gain the point for Northwestern. The second matchup will put junior Tanja Stojanovska against Lipp. Stojanovska has been a first team All-MAC member every single year and has gone 10-3 on the second court this season. Lipp has split time at both the second and third courts this year becoming the No. 78 ranked singles player in the nation and has amassed over 75 wins in her career. Lipp and senior Alex Chatt were also the No. 1 doubles pair at some point this year, giving her the advantage. Senior Lolade Ogungbesan has the best chance to upset in her matchup against junior Lee Or. Ogungbesen is coming off a terrific MAC Tournament where she won both of her matches and clinched the final point for Buffalo to win the championship. Ogungbesan was named the MAC Tournament most outstanding player and should give Or a difficult time.

Bottom three singles: Buffalo Abibula, junior Sanjana Sudhir and Aldrey will be playing on the fourth, fifth and sixth singles courts, respectively. Those three will matchup with By-

Former Bull signed and invited to NFL camps SPORTS DESK

Three former Bulls were recently invited to an NFL minicamp, while former defensive end Derome Harris signed with the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. Former Bulls safety Tim Roberts earned an invitation to attend Washington’s rookie camp. Roberts totaled for 126 tackles in his 21 starts as a Bull. The Louisiana native ranked fifth in the nation for tackles last season. Roberts will report to camp on May 10. Offensive lineman David Goldspy was

invited to workout with both the Buffalo Bills and the Oakland Raiders. Goldspy was a core member of the Bulls’ offensive line in his two seasons with the team. He is the only Bull to receive a separate team minicamp this off-season. Goldspy is set to attend both camps in early May. Nose Tackle Chris Ford recently reported to a minicamp with the Baltimore Ravens on May 4. In Ford’s 42 career games with the Bulls, he had 89 tackles and was a senior leader on the offensive line this past season. Nothing has been announced on any future plans for Ford. Harris signed with the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in the free agency on April 28 after coming off a career season. Harris was an All-MAC selection as he led the Bulls in both sacks and tackles last season. Har-

Track and field hosts MAC Championships

ris started at UB as a walk-on and went on to play in 43 games and record 107 tackles. Harris is the only one of the four to be officially part of an NFL team heading into spring training. Ford, Harris and Roberts all finished their careers at UB with 80 or more tackles. Khalil Mack, Steven Means, Kristjan Sokoli and most recently Mason Schreck are currently the four active former Bulls playing in the NFL. Mack is most known for being the overall fifth pick in the 2014 NFL Draft and his three Pro-Bowl appearances with the Oakland Raiders. The NFL rookie football development program is set to begin on May 14. email: twitter: @ubspecsports


Senior Ryan Cribbin sets up to throw. Cribbin looks to reclaim his 2016 shot put title and beat defending champion and teammate, Devon Patterson.

Bulls hopeful to win shot put for ninth straight year NATHANIEL MENDELSON ASST. SPORTS EDITOR

The UB track and field team hosts the Mid-American Conference Championships this weekend, beginning Thursday at 10 a.m. and continuing through Saturday. The event will take place at UB Stadium as Buffalo hosts for the first time since 2010. For most events, the Bulls are ranked at or near the bottom. These rankings are determined by the top performances from this past season. Senior hurdler Mitchell Moore is the lone Bull to qualify first in a non-throwing event. Moore is ranked first in the men’s 400 meter hurdles with a time of 52.37. Throwing events such as shot put, discus, hammer and javelin have Bulls favored or near the top on both the men’s and women’s teams. Assistant coach for throws Jim Garnham Sr. fully expects the Bulls to put on a dominating performance, especially in men’s shot put where they have won each of the past eight years. “For the men’s shot put, nobody has ever done that,” Garnham Sr. said. “Akron is dominating the pole vault, but this is one of the things that we expect to win. Not bragging, but we expect to do it. This is my forte.” Garnham Sr. is in his 17th year coaching at the university and helped in bringing the program to new heights. Under his tenure, every school throwing record has been broken multiple times. He

said one of his best moments as a coach came three years ago at the outdoor MAC Championships where his team swept the men’s shot put. “Jonathan Jones won it. He set the meet and facilities record,” Garnham Sr. said. “He had been on the Olympic team and broke his record. Devon [Patterson] was sixth place, and I just kind of blew in his ear and told him a couple of words as he jumped up to second place, breaking his personal best by over a meter. I looked at Ryan [Cribbin] and asked what he’s going to do, and he went from fifth to third. Everyone was going nuts.” That group featured two current members of the Bulls roster. Junior Devon Patterson and senior Ryan Cribbin. Patterson and Cribbin have split the men’s shot put title the past two seasons. Cribbin finished first in 2016, and Patterson finished first in 2017. Patterson heads into this year’s MAC Championship as the the favorite with an 18.39 meter performance this season and Cribbin is second with 17.68 meters. “I am tremendously confident in my performance,” Patterson said. “It’s been a little rocky, but consistent when compared to other years. I am on track for a bigger and better performance than in past years and this year. I’m excited, I don’t want to bolster or toot my own horn, but I’m ready to defend my title.” The women’s throwers are highlighted by senior Miranda Daucher. She is second

in the discus throw and sixth in the hammer throw. Daucher placed second in the discus at last year’s MAC Championships. “I don’t think I’m at my peak yet, and I have a lot more left in the tank which is exciting,” Daucher said. “These past few weeks we’ve been working on some of the nitty gritty stuff with my technique, so I think I’m there. I’m excited for Saturday, excited for regionals in a few weeks.” For most track and field meets, home field advantage would not mean much. For the Bulls’ throwers, it’s different. The Bulls throw uphill on the field behind UB Stadium. Garnham calls it a psychological advantage for the team because it makes opposing throwers nervous. Outside of throwing events, junior Selina Von Jackowski will compete in a teamhigh four different events. Von Jackowski qualified for the women’s 100 meter hurdles, 4x100 meter relay, 4x400 meter relay and the long jump. Patterson is most excited to see the men’s 400 meter hurdles and the 3000 meter steeplechase for both the men’s and women’s side. “The way Garnham Sr. goes about coaching and how much he cares towards my progress, and the hours he puts in at such an elder age means the world to me,” Patterson said. “He’s in my corner and that I forever have him as a coach, a friend, a mentor and I hope to make him proud this weekend.” email:

rne, Chatt and Doshi. Abibula has found success on both the third and fourth courts with a combined record of 15-4. Byrne was defeated in her most recent matchup in two sets. Sudhir and Chatt are matching up on court five. Both players are undefeat-

ed when playing fifth singles. Sudhir has gone 9-0 on the court and 21-3 for her season, a consistent point getter for Buffalo. Chatt has done the same, going 7-0 in her time. This match will go three sets and might not even finish if either team gets four points first. In her first season at Buffalo, Aldrey

has dominated court six. Going 12-1 in matches this past season, she should have the advantage against Doshi who has mainly played doubles and competed in no singles matches during the conference play. email:

The Spectrum Vol. 67 No. 52  

The Spectrum, an independent student publication of the University at Buffalo.

The Spectrum Vol. 67 No. 52  

The Spectrum, an independent student publication of the University at Buffalo.