THE ARTIFACTS OF REUTHER SEE FEATURES, page 11 SEE FEATURES, page 11
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WILSON HOSTS CARNIVAL
WOLF OF WALLSTREET REVIEW
WSU ATHLETICS YEAR IN REVIEW
J A N UA RY 2014 | WAYN E STAT E U N IVERSI T Y’S ST U D EN T N E WSPA PER SI N CE 1967 | T H ESO U T H EN D.WAYN E.ED U | D E T RO I T, M I CH I GA N | F R E E
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Wilson hosts annual festival Winter carnival unveils new WSU charity
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PHOTOS BY JON ADAMS/THE SOUTH END
CHRIS EHRMANN The South End A man on stilts walks around and greets professors, students and other faculty of Wayne State while the sound of jazzy renditions of Christmas songs provides the background music for the festival. The annual WSU holiday celebration for faculty and students was held Dec. 18. There was a big band performing jazzy tunes, a juggler and other carnival-themed attractions. There were also contests and activities that faculty and students could participate in, like an ugly sweater contest and create-your-own Christmas ornaments. Jeffrey Block, the assistant vice president of special events and services at WSU, said the event is an annual tradition. This year the theme was a winter carnival. Block said the festival aims to connect staff and students who may not meet otherwise. “You know a lot of us don’t get to see each other very much because we are all over campus, so it gives a chance for all the faculty and staff to
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get together,” he said. This year, instead of taking donations for an outside charity, a program called Helping Individuals Go Higher, which is headed by President M. Roy Wilson’s wife, Jacqueline Wilson, was used. The HIGH program was created to help students who are in extraordinary need of assistance such as housing, transportation, food, clothing and tuition assistance. “We’re looking for people that will be a sponsor family that maybe sponsor a student for a semester, whether that means term books, housing or clothing,” she said. “The goal is to make sure that every student has what they need to be successful and ultimately graduate.” Jacqueline Wilson said her husband has been instrumental in helping get the program started and that it is already being implemented. “In addition to that, we are getting the word out so students know if they do have a precarious housing situation or a place where it’s unsafe for them to be, that we can help to assist them to either find a temporary shelter or maybe a
SEE PAGE 16 FOR MORE PHOTOS
permanent opportunity,” she said. President Wilson has also set up a scholarship for the program. “There have been a number of donations already today for the HIGH program,” President Wilson said. “No matter how small these donations may seem to you, it’s a big thing for the students that we are able to help.” Jerry Herron, dean of the honors college at WSU, said the annual party is great because it brings everyone closer together by “sharing time with other people and being really happy about the great institution we serve.” Luis Chapa, a mechanical engineering student, said he came just because it sounded fun. “I just received an email from the special events on campus and thought it would be pretty cool,” Chapa said. “I wanted to come make an ornament. I tried to do a Wayne State theme. I put the W on there and glitter.” Chapa said he is looking forward to seeing bigger events like this happen more often next year.
Aaron Sabal, a senior at WSU who also attended, joked about what he liked about the party. “Just seeing all the people, and this chocolate cookie I have in my hand,” Sabal said. “It’s a great place to meet people because there is faculty from all the university.” As 2013 came to a close, many staff and students talked about New Year’s resolutions and things they want to see and do in 2014. President Wilson said he wants to continue WSU’s success. “I look forward to coming back in 2014 reinvigorated; (there are) a lot of things to do and I am hoping to be able to count on each and every one of you to help to deal with the many challenges we’re going to have, but we’ll have a lot of fun dealing with those challenges,” President Wilson said. “You know about perseverance,” he said. “You didn’t get here by quitting when things got tough. You got here by hard work in spite of the challenges and obstacles. You got here by persevering when others may have been tempted to quit.”
Tell us how you really feel! Each week we go out and ask you a question regarding current news. Check them all out on our Facebook page! BY ELI HOERLER
THIS WEEK’S TOPIC: MOVING IN DURING THE ‘SNOWPOCALYPSE’ STEPHANIE GONZALEZ Sociology Major
“There’s less people moving in. I think in the summer time it was more chaotic. I don’t mind the snow; it’s not bothering me that bad.”
ABBY LANDSKROENER Philosophy Major
“The snow is horrible. It took me two-and-a-half hours to get here and it usually takes me an hour. The university could have plowed, I guess, but the roads aren’t bad. Parking wise, it sucked.” HAILEE TROMBLEY Undecided Major
“The snow isn’t too bad, it’s just kind of a hassle because it’s slippery. We haven’t gotten too much snow yet. Everyone’s already talking about us not having school on Monday, even maybe Tuesday.”
TAJI GOINS Business Major
“The snow isn’t really affecting me that much. I hope we don’t have class tomorrow, because I don’t think I’m ready for that right now. I just came off of break.”
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New degree programs offered in Livonia Partnership allows WSU students to study at Schoolcraft College
LYNN LOSH TSE Correspondent For some students, Wayne State classes will be offered a little closer to home. Starting in the fall of 2014, WSU and University of Toledo will be offering bachelor’s and master’s degrees at Schoolcraft College. The partnership, called Schoolcraft to U, will offer classes at the Schoolcraft College campus in Livonia, at Seven Mile and Haggerty, as well as online. Tuition for WSU students at the Schoolcraft location will cost the same as the main campus. University of Toledo will waive out-of-state fees, offering students the same tuition as Ohio residents. Schoolcraft to U will offer degrees in business, computer science, technology, nursing, criminal justice and more. The partnership will allow WSU to connect with and recruit students more easily by offering an additional location. “(This program) provides (students) with more options of locations and programs. More importantly, this will make it easy for current Schoolcraft College students, who will be future WSU students, to enroll and complete their degree at WSU,” said Dr. Ahmad Ezzeddine, associate vice president for the Educational Outreach and International Programs.
WSU faculty will teach the classes and students will receive a WSU degree. The program is similar to taking classes at the Oakland Center, according to Ezzeddine. Dr. Conway Jeffress, president of Schoolcraft College, knew that his students were interested in both WSU and University of Toledo. He and former WSU President Allan Gilmour had partnered before and he liked the way his students were treated. “I knew that for some time Wayne State wanted presence in this location, so when we purchased additional facilities, I thought of Wayne State. We initiated conversations with (Wayne State and University of Toledo) simultaneously and found both to be receptive,” Jeffress said. “We wanted something more than just an articulation/rental agreement. We were looking for a real partnership, something that was seamless, not just in eyes of administrators, but to students as well. We were all of the same mind and that brought about the partnership.” WSU faculty see the program as beneficial to both students and the schools. “The partnership with Schoolcraft College benefits WSU at multiple levels: it provides us with an opportunity to offer our programs on the campus of Schoolcraft through the joint outreach, advising and market-
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ing. We will be able to reach a large number of Schoolcraft students, and we will be able to reach students in western Wayne County,” Ezzeddine said. One of the goals of Schoolcraft to U is to allow students to have an easier transition from community college to university and have much less of a commute. “For many, the process of moving from one institution to another can often be frustrating,” Jeffress said. “Acting with the voice of one student generally does not offer much leverage when transfer obstacles appear. When arrangements are made institutionally, the chances of bureaucratic problems are greatly diminished. This means that a student can focus on completing a major with no lost effort or time.” Jeffress believes that the partnership will help strengthen education in Wayne County. “To have two universities physically present on campus allows us to present an array of educational opportunities to potential students,” Jeffress said. “The opportunities are not just logistical but academic as well. There are now choices that we could have not provided on our own. Now, in one place there will be human assets that may be combined to offer a stronger academic experience not just to Schoolcraft students but for the University of Toledo and Wayne State as well.”
DiCaprio delivers laughs, somber message Excess of 1 percent highlighted in black comedy
COURTESY PARAMOUNT PICTURES
SYDNEE THOMPSON The South End I don’t know why or how it happened, but midway through his career, Leonardo DiCaprio forgot how to smile. Think about it. Most of his recent blockbusters — “Inception,” “Shutter Island,” “J. Edgar” — portray the actor as perpetually brooding, tortured and sometimes a borderline sociopath. Someone he loves has tragically died or forsaken him, and by the time the credits start to roll, everyone in the theater is similarly depressed. I’m not saying DiCaprio isn’t a good actor — he’s one of my favorites, actually — but I couldn’t help but notice that he’d worked himself into a rut. That is, until “The Wolf of Wall Street.” Jordan Belfort (DiCaprio) is a downon-his-luck stockbroker when his Wall Street firm goes bankrupt. After scouring the newspaper classifieds for jobs, Belfort stumbles upon a small brokerage firm that deals exclusively in penny stocks. The employees are clueless and unrefined and the profits are low, but all sorts of sordid opportunities emerge when Belfort learns that the commissions are 50 percent — much higher than anything he would’ve earned at his former firm, LF Rothschild. Using his Wall Street pedigree,
Belfort whips his coworkers into shape and strikes out on his own to form Stratton Oakmont Inc. with new partner-in-crime Donnie Azoff (Jonah Hill). The company explodes within a few short years, and Belfort uses his newfound money and fame to — you guessed it — commit every sin under the sun, including quite a few that quickly grab the FBI’s attention. In the first scenes, Belfort and his employees are throwing little people in Velcro suits at a giant dartboard (“dwarf tossing,” as they call it) and taking bets on where they’ll land. Belfort snorts cocaine off of strippers’ assets, drinks like a fish, throws outrageous parties and has sex with oodles of gorgeous, naked women, none of whom are his wife. There are f-bombs galore as he narrates his life to the audience, extolling the virtues of making money and taking advantage of every person he can to get it. With drugs, alcohol, sex and assorted debauchery aplenty, on the surface the film feels more like an ode to frat boy culture than the substantive character-driven dramas we’re used to seeing from DiCaprio and Martin Scorsese, who directs. Yet once you look deeper, the glamor reveals itself as a thin façade, and the real story starts to emerge. Although the first half of this 179-minute movie is filled to the brim with the
extravagance and excess of our 1 percent, the theme is played for laughs at its own expense. Slowly but surely, we see Belfort’s world unravel under the impediments of hardcore drug abuse, embezzlement and crumbling familial relationships. And through it all, DiCaprio’s acting is as impeccable as ever. He wears the role of millionaire playboy like a second skin and easily transitions from comedic goofball to shrewd, coldhearted businessman. Hill also impresses as Belfort’s best friend, Donnie. The chemistry between the film’s two lead characters create lighthearted romps founded on a complex mixture of love and loyalty, cementing Hill and DiCaprio as powerful actors who will likely get Oscar nods for their roles. Although the three-hour movie lags in some areas of the first half, the character development will keep audiences rapt even while they secretly hope Belfort falls off a cliff. Margot Robbie, who plays Belfort’s gorgeous and long-suffering wife, Naomi, also delivers a capable performance. The ending was disappointing to watch, but not in the way you may suspect. Scorsese subtly attacks the privileges of the rich and famous by showing them crash and burn all by themselves, but of course everything has a price. After discovering “The Wolf of Wall Street” is based on
the memoir of the same name by Jordan Belfort himself, who currently works as a motivational speaker, the resolution becomes more palatable, however. It gives viewers a dose of harsh reality that will stick with them long after the credits roll. Ironically, it’s also a bit of a demoralizing one (so much for turning over a new leaf, DiCaprio). At once hilarious, depraved and insightful, “The Wolf of Wall Street” is definitely one to watch this year. It is showing in theaters nationwide and is rated R.
TSE’S RATING SEE IT NOW NETFLIX IT SKIP IT
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More than guns, drugs, coffee GABRIEL CAMERO Contributing Writer Juan Gabriel Vásquez’s third novel “The Sound of Things Falling,” consists of complex backstories and references that show an understanding of a generation and culture in a style reminiscent of late Colombian author and Nobel Prize Winner Gabriel Garcia Márquez. Vásquez gives a detailed look at Colombian society after the fall of Pablo Escobar and some understanding of how the Colombian drug trade began. He also examines the nature of memory and the psychology, both individual and social, following traumatic events. In present day Bogotá, 40-something lawyer Antonio Yammara follows a news story on an escaped family of hippos from an enclosure at Escobar’s abandoned compound, Hacienda Nápoles. The story drags Yammara into a long state of reluctant nostalgia that leads him to write a novel about his friend Ricardo Laverde. Laverde was murdered in 1996 in a motorbike assassination that also critically injured Yammara with a stray bullet. With his first job as a professor of law and a newly pregnant wife, Yammara was in an optimistic period of his life until the event almost made him another casualty of his country’s chaos. For three years he was traumatized and paranoid about the safety of he and his family until he began to research Laverde’s life for an explanation why this happened. He soon learns of Laverde’s years as a twenty-something in early ‘70s Colombia, prior to his 19-year prison sentence. The excitement of “The Sound of Things Falling” is not so much in the events but in how the story is written. Most of Vásquez’ characters seem to have backstories that extend beyond the novel because the experiences he establishes are common in Colombia. Experiences that unite people and create a shared character on cultural, national, regional and generational levels. Vásquez also makes many essential direct and indirect references, both cultural and
historical, which he uses to weave his story into a fishing net for capturing the Colombian culture to feed to his readers’ minds. This abundance of references and the use of geographical detail may require the reader to keep search engines close, but will provide a decent education on Colombia. Intended to be mostly about Laverde, the book inevitably becomes a tale about Yammara. With the shift from realistic to figurative prose after the shooting, the idea of making the novel a fictional memoir works perfectly in handling its psychological elements. Especially sharp is the way Vásquez plays with familiar rules of dialogue and point of view that forces readers to remind themselves that an amateur author is recounting the story of he and others. Some conversations run in paragraph form instead of line-by-line, emphasizing their speed and intensity. Most quotes are indirect to reflect the reality of what we remember from old conversations. The way some conversations are broken up by side tangents reflect how the mind wanders. Yammara’s report on Laverde’s early years is through the composite point of view of Laverde’s American wife, revealing what Yammara thinks women and Americans are like. However, there is one actual shift in point of view that could have been better. The novel includes a fictional magazine excerpt, one of many references that show the importance of journalism in Colombia, that reads like Yammara wrote it. Perhaps getting another author to write it would have been more effective. Ann McLean did a pretty good job translating the work but there are some areas that feel awkward or inaccurate. It is unclear if these are issues related with translation or cultural and dialectal differences between the U.S. and Canada. It is disappointing that La Violencia, the Colombian civil war from 1948-1958 that claimed at least 200,000 people over political control, seemed left out of the narrative completely. The brutal conflict left Colombia in a state that arguably led to the famous paramilitaries and drug boom. The
widespread torture and savage killings could have led to the infamous violence of drug cartels and the calloused approach Vásquez’s characters, and presumably modern Colombians, take to high-profile assassinations. Despite these problems, Vásquez deliv-
ers a great novel with remarkable finesse and apparent effort that transports and educates the reader almost to the level of a Colombian vacation. As the son of a Bogotano, I would suggest this book for those seeking immersion into another culture without leaving home.
CONTACT DESIGN/MULTIMEDIA EDITOR, JON ADAMS, FOR MORE INFORMATION! THESOUTHEND.WAYNE.EDU I JANUARY 2014 I 7
Sedaris does Christmas
Book v. Film ‘12 Years a Slave’ offers sensational outlook
Peculiar author gives hilarious insights
LATONYA BERRY Contributing Writer
LIZ SCUTCHFIELD The South End Whenever you said something was funny to my mother, she always asked: “Funny ha ha, or funny peculiar?” David Sedaris’ collection of short stories and essays “Holidays on Ice” is both. The book opens with “Santa Land Diaries,” a laugh-out-loud tale about working as one of Santa’s elves at Macy’s Herald Square in New York City. Sedaris uses a diary entry style to tell us stories about the quirky people who work at Santa Land, and the even quirkier thousands of people who visit it daily. If you’ve ever heard Sedaris read any of his essays on public radio, where he’s a regular contributor, it becomes virtually impossible not to read his stuff without hearing it in his unique voice, which lends a sense of bewilderment and irony to his stories that doesn’t always come through in his writing alone. The second story makes it clear this is not just a “funny ha ha” look at the holidays. “Season’s Greetings to Our Friends and Family!!!” definitely falls in the funny peculiar category. This Christmas letter chronicling the previous year’s highlights – or lowlights – of the Dunbar clan leads the
reader down an unexpected and twisted path as Mrs. Dunbar chronicles the surprise arrival of the daughter her husband never knew he had. The stories continue, some funny ha ha, some funny peculiar and some both. That’s the case with “Front Row Center with Thaddeus Bristol.” Here, Sedaris ruthlessly and hilariously critiques children’s Christmas plays as if he were reviewing bad Broadway shows, saying things like: “In the role of Mary, six-year-old Shannon Burke just barely manages to pass herself off as a virgin. A cloying, preening stage presence, her performance seemed based on nothing but an annoying proclivity toward lifting her skirt and, on rare occasions, opening her eyes.” We’ve all been to one of those plays. Not all of the stories are Christmas themed. There are some about Easter, Halloween and other holidays too, but for the most part, this is a Christmas book. “Holdays on Ice” would make a great holiday gift, especially for somebody who has to fly during the holidays. Not only is the book small enough to toss in a purse or carry-on and each story a quick read, the peculiar characters in Sedaris’s “Holidays on Ice” will have them laughing all the way, ha ha ha.
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It made its way to theaters Oct. 18 and into our hearts immediately following. The touching movie based on the true story of Solomon Northup’s time as a slave in America, “12 Years a Slave” is arguably one of the most celebrated films of the year. Director Steve McQueen’s on-screen adaptation of the 1853 narrative has been receiving rave reviews and rang plenty of Academy Award-worthy bells. Like other film adaptations, “12 Years a Slave” fell in the shadow of Northup’s actual narrative. The book chronicles Northup’s sale into slavery, his 12-year experience in shackles, his separation from his family and his misery with being unable to express himself as a free man. The detail that Northup uses to express his situation are both captivating and gruesome. The book, as a whole, allows readers to take a thorough look into the world of slavery. McQueen’s film falls a tad short of the powerful depictions Northup paints in his narrative. Sandy Schaefer of Screen Rant credits this to the need to “allow room for some creative leeway and exaggeration/ changes for dramatic effect.” Books typically carry more weight than film adaptations, but movies can come close to the gravity of their literary counterparts. McQueen came close to achieving the message that Northup conveyed in his narrative, but Schaefer’s criticism rings true. The movie is more watered down than the book, but undoubtedly more creative in hopes of captivating the audience. There were times I would have liked the
movie to more closely coincide with the book, mainly in the case of Northup’s rescue. The book outlined Anne Northup’s interest in finding her husband. She worked to locate him, but the movie undermined her efforts. In the movie, Northup more or less showed up on his family’s doorstep — the film failed to mention his wife’s effort to find him at all. I also wondered where McQueen tucked away the smallpox incident that killed one slave and inspired an epidemic all the slaves eventually suffered from. Northup himself got so sick it compromised his eyesight. He was almost completely blind and the doctor did not know if he would make a full recovery. The film also lacked severity when dealing with the institution of American slavery. I wouldn’t call McQueen’s adaptation “cotton candy,” but it was certainly of lesser brashness. For example, the first instance of Northup being punished seemed much more painful when told through the narrative. The punishment is of course gruesome in the film, but the book provides a much more painful account that readers can feel and sympathize with. In all, the book provides a firsthand account of the realities of the American slavey institution. It tells the story of a free man turned slave, one of the worst things that can happen to a human being. The movie, on the other hand, provides a more sensational outlook on the time period. Since films can’t cover every single detail in the way that books do, it is easy to give McQueen credit for his interpretation of Northup’s life during those 12 devastating years.
Business incubator makes big splash Midtown newbie promotes green living
ELI HOERLER/THE SOUTH END
ALLISON KOEHLER Staff Writer A wise frog once said, “It ain’t easy being green.” Nor was the path for the Green Garage. Officially opening two years ago, the Green Garage began its journey well before that. This green Midtown business incubator is the brainchild of Troy residents Tom and Peggy Brennan. The early millennium found Tom, a senior partner at global management consultant Accenture, taking an early retirement. He began dabbling in real estate management and participating in Michigan organizations. One organization was the River Raisin Institute in Monroe, Mich., which focuses on promoting sustainable community development and donates money to environmental causes. This got Tom thinking deeply about the environment, and he was further inspired after reading “The Great Work” by Thomas Berry. In this book, the author urges the baby boomer generation “to address the needs of the earth in a post-industrial revolution era.’” That’s when Tom decided to focus on environmental sustainability, inviting his wife to join him on this journey. In 2005, the Brennans began gathering friends who share their passion for the environment and had time to devote to make something happen. Quickly, four people grew to a dozen, and the Great Lakes Green Initiative Group was formed. Over a period of five years, they met weekly to discuss happenings in environmental sustainability, and how they were adapting their lifestyles to being more environmentally aware. They also chose particular topics like water systems, and spent several months studying. “We really dug deep,” Tom Brennan said. “As we were formulating this particular group and study session, we thought
it would be an interesting idea to take what we learned and apply it to a more formal, more physical setting,” he said. They came up with the idea of developing a sustainability center, beginning their search in Ann Arbor, desiring a space near a university. “Then people started suggesting that Detroit might be an even better spot than Ann Arbor,” he said. Then 2008 happened. The economy was tanking, and lifelong residents were leaving Michigan to seek employment elsewhere. The Brennans’ children were graduating college, and like many others, couldn’t find work. “There were a number of factors that lead us to seeing if we could help develop businesses in Detroit,” Tom said. “That was a general basis of what we might be doing in this building.” Over several months, approximately 200 volunteers held meetings with the Brennans, each with something different to contribute. The meetings led to plans and the plans led to an approval. The plans were approved by Detroit City Council in an unprecedented seven business days, thanks to meticulous planning. “What I tell people is ‘bring representatives from the city into your building starting week one,” Tom said. “Say, ‘Here’s what we’re thinking, how does this match up with what might be approved by the city?’” After two years of construction, the Green Garage opened its doors in November 2011. With just one business to start, there are nearly 50 businesses now in-residence. There is beauty in simplicity,and this building proves it. From the moment you set foot in the door, you know it’s something special. Built in 1920 to showcase the Model T, the building is on the National Register of Historic Places. Ninety-percent of everything used
in the Green Garage’s 11,500 square feet was repurposed from the original building. Most of what is currently being used in the building came from the U.S. waste stream including chairs from Detroit public schools, lighting from local churches, etc. The building’s old steam pipes were used in the construction of the staircase. Used insulation was found on the Internet and cost 14 cents a square foot — less than half the cost of new insulation. Individuals or groups wishing to rent space attend a series of meetings where goals of all involved are addressed. If there’s a meeting of minds, the contract process is started. “We’re looking for people who want to work with others,” Tom Brennan said. “Sometimes people want to work in an environment where 100 percent of the time they can shut the door or go off on their own. We’re not looking to do that. We’re trying to form an integrated group of businesses that can occasionally work together to better each other’s businesses.” Like most co-working spaces, there are private and shared areas, conference rooms, a kitchen and bathroom. Once a month, a business makes a presentation to the group, and they collaborate on whatever they need. The Brennans believe in the “slow and steady wins the race” approach, favoring quality over acceleration. Entrepreneurs that belong to the Green Garage are assisted in cultivating the business organically, no matter the timetable. The Green Garage Green Business Incubator process is, according to their web site: 1) Using a community-based natural design process to help triple bottom-line businesses design their “seed” (i.e. the core identity of the business from which all growth originates); 2) Using a community-based continuous improvement process to improve triple bottom-line outcomes in profit-
ability, waste, energy, water, community wellness, etc.; and 3) Using one-to-one sessions with entrepreneurs to help them evolve their businesses and their relationships. The Green Garage generates nearly as much energy as it uses. With solar panels heating the water tanks, it costs only a few hundred dollars annually to heat and cool the entire square footage of the building. The water is distributed through a heating system installed under the floor and supported by a geothermal heat pump on cloudy days. The geothermal system taps energy stored in the earth for heat in the winter and air conditioning in the summer. There’s even a garden on the roof, successfully wrapping up its first year in October. Crates used to ship parts to General Motors were repurposed as planters for the garden. Mainly herbs and vegetables are grown that supply Motor City Brewing Works, just a stone’s throw up the street. Complementing the way they work, the Brennans’ values are reflected in the way they live. The couple does simple things like providing their own grocery bags and drinking cups, using cloth napkins instead of paper, and washing their Toyota Prius with rainwater. Additionally, the Brennan home is equipped with a geothermal system similar to the Green Garage. And their yard sounds more like an oasis. “We bisected it and turned half of it into natural woodland with a rain garden in the back,” Tom Brennan said excitedly. “We’re really being very, very careful about the whole impact of our footprint on this earth.” Every Friday, the Green Garage welcomes visitors for community lunches. The community is invited to bring a lunch, hear the Green Garage story, take a tour of the building, and do some networking. More info at greengaragedetroit.com.
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WSU students explore origins of universe Planetarium delivers trips through space, time BRIAN MAINZINGER TSE Correspondent The night sky is truly an incredible sight. From the constellations, the Milky Way and the moon, what is a simple look up — if we ponder it a bit — is truly mind boggling. It is not recommended to look at the sun, but ponder that the mass of the sun is about 1.3 million Earths. The significance of a human in the universe starts to seem inconsequential. Rachael Merritt, a Wayne State senior majoring in physics and astronomy, holds a grapefruit-sized moon in her hands. Next to her is a beach ball-sized Earth. “I want you to tell me to stop when you think I am the proper distance away,” she said. Look back up, and across the sky begins a film, narrating stories about the origins of the universe, a history of the planets, how stars are formed and what exactly makes a star. Now imagine you are in a basement, and all of this is taking place there. As confusing as it may seem, this is what takes place every Friday night in the basement of Old Main on WSU’s campus. Dec. 13’s show in the basement planetarium was narrated by Merritt. The show began with a demonstration on the earth and the moon. She gave some statistics on the scale of the solar system, and how far the moon is away from the earth. The demonstration gave a lesson on constellations, a short course on stellar navigation, and showed what happens to massive stars. “I definitely would come back to another demonstration here,” said WSU student Liz Scutchfield. “I would like to bring my grandson. He would be amazed.” A demonstration takes place every Friday evening at 7 p.m., with a total of six different lectures. “Even though the sky would be pretty much the same if you came twice in a month, you have a different presenter so everyone has their own perspective and something different to say,” Merritt said. As well as Friday’s demonstration, a Saturday morning event happens once a month. The planetarium is located in the basement of Old Main, at the corner of Cass and Warren.
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KRISTIN SHAW/THE SOUTH END
Library boasts renowned collections Historical treasures at Reuther attract international tourists
COURTESY REUTHER LIBRARY
BRIAN MAINZINGER TSE Correspondent There are the plans for Wayne State’s campus — blueprints for its entirety — designed by the architect who designed the World Trade Center. There are letters between a man and a woman, both WSU professors, written during World War II. The correspondence abruptly ends; the professor has died. His ship, the U.S.S Indianapolis, was torpedoed on its return mission after delivering the A-Bomb that would fall on Japan. There are Rosa Parks’ papers — her personal effects, neatly boxed, and accessible to anyone who cares to read them. These gems of history are fascinating peeks into the past, and believe it or not, are housed on WSU’s campus. Students may not know that three buildings on campus — Deroy Hall, the College of Education and the McGregor Conference Center — were all designed by Minoru Yamasaki, the architect who designed the Twin Towers. Take a look at the College of Education and it is not hard to imagine. While students may not be aware that Yamasaki had a direct connection to WSU, what may be more surprising is that housed on campus are plans for an entire campus designed by Yamasaki. Clearly, that didn’t happen. Nonetheless, it is fascinating to know. The Reuther Library is just one of WSU’s excellent resources. While, like the UGL or Purdy Kresge, it is a library with information and materials relating to various subjects, the Reuther stands apart in a couple of ways. According to William LeFevre, CA, CRM, reference archivist at the Reuther, the library’s collection is based on three different areas. The first is the univer-
sity archives, which houses resources pertaining to the university and its environs. LeFevre said the library has the papers of “prominent faculty, down to various student groups, as well as a ton of material on the physical growth of the university over the years.” Secondly, the library houses archives pertaining to the history of southeast Michigan. The third subject, which the library is perhaps most known for, is on trade unions and unionism in the 20th and 21st centuries. While the library holds archives under these three different areas — which at a glance may seem broad or bland — it is the type of material the library houses that makes a trip to the Reuther so fascinating. The papers and letters the library houses are just the beginning of its collection. While Reuther hosts a plethora of statistics, the stories contained within its walls are also fascinating on a human level. LeFevre recalls the story of the Vietnam War period on WSU’s campus, which, unlike other campuses, didn’t see violent demonstrations because WSU opened up its classrooms so students could do teach-ins. Records of this are at Reuther. The fact that the mayoral papers of Jerome Cavanagh are housed at the Reuther is a story in itself. “They should have ended up at the Detroit Public Library,” LeFevre said, “which is the official archives of the City of Detroit, but the mayor didn’t like the librarian at the time, so the papers came here.” Not only can Cavanagh’s papers be found at Reuther, but also the records of many prominent Detroiters such as longtime councilperson Mel Ravits, Maryann Mahaffey and the papers of Tom Stevens, the environmental lawyer who fought against the incinerator.
LeFevre said the papers on labor and trade as well as southeast Michigan go back to the 1900s. He said there are records on Harper Hospital that go back to the 1850s. The records concerning WSU go back to the “precursors to Wayne State — the school of medicine and the teachers college.” LeFevre said some of the most iconic photographs of the 20th century are housed in the library, like the photos of Detroit Free Press photographer Tony Spina, whose photos of the Detroit riots won a Pulitzer. “Reading books about this time is one thing, but seeing the photos is another thing entirely,” LeFevre said. Although it is now four floors of more than 75,000 linear feet of records as well as stack areas, offices, processing areas, a reading room and viewing area for audiovisual, the Reuther’s beginnings were not so grand. LeFevre said the archives were founded in 1959 by Phil Mason, a young history professor. “He still tells the apocryphal tale of the university archives of 1959 being in the basement of Purdy Kresge consisting of him, a table, a chair and one filing cabinet,” LeFevre said. The library occupies the space at 5401 Cass Ave. and now has 40 full-time archivists. Apart from the letters, papers and records, Reuther has an audio-visual collection consisting of photos, video tapes and old wire recordings, as well as oral histories. The oral histories are recorded interviews. “We have a fairly robust collection of oral histories,” LeFevre said. “For example, we have an oral history done by Tom Connor with Paul Schrade, who was a regional director out on the west coast in the 1960’s. He was an early opponent of the Vietnam War, an early organizer for the United Farm Workers
as well, and was Robert Kennedy’s campaign manager in California. He himself was shot in the head by Sirhan Sirhan as he was walking through the kitchen of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles. That is a wonderful oral history that takes us through the tumultuous 1960s.” While the Reuther is packed with great bits of history such as this, this campus resource goes underused by students. “Wayne State students do not comprise as large a percentage as we would like,” LeFevre said. “Doing research here is a little different than at a regular library — our stacks are closed.” While an interview is required for research, the intention is to aid the student. “The idea is to go from 75,000 linear feet of records down to the set of documents, folders, or boxes that the particular person needs to target their research. We don’t want them to have an unhappy research experience with us,” LeFevre said. While Wayne students may not use the resource as much as they could, the library is known globally. “Over the summer we had people from South America, Asia, and Europe,” LeFevre said. “We truly are international in our research use and it’s not surprising to have somebody from Moscow, Tokyo, Bogotá, Columbia and Paris all in the reading room at the same time, which is wonderful. “Both undergraduate and graduate students quite often just walk right past this building and don’t think about the potential resources here. I will say that anytime I can capture a Wayne State professor, usually we have the professor for good,” LeFevre said. “Usually when a student figures out what’s here, often we capture those students for the rest of their educational career here at Wayne.”
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Shaq’s book tells all NBA’s Superman unveils everyman underneath HANNAH ORLICKI Contributing Writer “Shaq Uncut” by Shaquille O’Neal is as humorous as it is complex. Shaq is well-known as the superstar basketball player with a swollen ego and knack for smack-talk, and in his autobiography he certainly entertains the reader with his easy-breezy confidence. However he also reveals himself as a thoughtful, appreciative, and disciplined person in all aspects of his life, not just sports. Shaq describes his journey through a number of relationships including his father, mother, teammates — yes, including Kobe — managers, mentors, friends and lovers. While reading the moments and messages within his 300-page book, it’s easy to picture the words coming straight from the horse, or should I say giant’s, mouth. The voice is genuine to Shaq and at no point does it seem like he tried to change his language or personality to look nice on paper. Lakers lovers will enjoy all of the juicy details about what really happened with Shaq’s teammates and management. Shaq had a lot to say to the media and the media took every word as black gold, but what was printed in black and white was not always so. There is a lot more to Shaq’s career as a basketball player than what made headlines in 2004. For readers who are not fanatics, there are many moments in the book that Shaq doesn’t address his career in basketball at all, and instead opens up about his aspirations in music, movies, law enforcement and business. Being a prince on the court did not stifle Shaq’s desire to be a king. Professional basketball on the L.A. Lakers was his dream, but Shaq had
many visions of himself on top, not all of them included an NBA championship. Shaq divulges every task he set forth to accomplish and the results of his efforts. Shaq is a clown and he loves to put on a show. He talks about all of his best jokes and pranks and the goofy moments he had with his teammates and friends. When he describes his most funny and victorious moments, his words are truly joyful. However, when he exposes his times of defeat and determent, he is his harshest critic: a charcterisic he frequently attributes to his father. While the Kobe drama unfolds between the lines, Bryant is not the only celebrity relationship that Shaq discloses. Shaq has crossed paths with many stars in and out of the stadium and shares all of them with the reader. Relationships are a reoccurring theme in Shaq’s bio. So many people are introduced and described in his book. With every event Shaq explains his role as well as the role of every other person involved. As much as we learn about the big man himself, much information is learned about the people he crossed paths with and the people that were in his life long-term. From childhood to recent times, Shaq is eager to share his experiences but he also makes sure to send a message. With every up and down, he explains why it happened and what he learned as well as advice for people in similar situations. If he did not win the NBA championship, he explains why he thinks he didn’t and what he learned from it. Accomplishing goals is a frequent challenge and he certainly has the know-how and background to be the one speaking on the matter. Although the language is simple and
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understated, his speech is still intelligent and full of personality. Shaq makes decisions with the Devil on one shoulder and an angel on the other. Some choices are life changing, some not so much. Still, I wonder which
shoulder he picked. As big as his biceps may be, his heart is even bigger. Shaq shares how he feels about his journey and it allows for the reader to unzip Superman’s spandex and get to know Clark Kent.
Warriors drop the ball...
...And pick it up again
MICHAEL LEWIS Contributing Writer
MICHAEL LEWIS Contributing Writer
The Wayne State men’s basketball team (5-3 overall, 3-2 GLIAC) dropped its second game in a row to the Walsh Cavaliers (7-2 overall, 3-2 GLIAC) in their return to the Matthaei Jan. 2, losing 77-62. The Warriors were unable to overcome a lopsided first half where the Cavs shot 72 percent (18 of 25) and connected on nine three-pointers. Walsh opened the game on a 17-3 run, scoring the first six points before a Chene Philips 3-pointer got the Warriors on the board. Walsh led by as many as 17 before another 13-7 scoring run put the Cavs up 23 (49-26) just two minutes before halftime. “You’ve got to give Walsh a lot of credit,” Coach Greer said. “They got out to a great start and we definitely didn’t get out to the start that we had wanted. They pretty much took us behind the shed.”
The second half started similarly to the first as the Cavs opened a 7-2 run pushing their lead to 26. However, the Warriors responded with a 17-4 run of their own cutting the lead to 13 with 11 minutes left to play. The run was highlighted by eight points scored by senior guard Chene Philips who ended the night with 16 points and six assists. Despite this valiant effort to crawl within striking distance, the Warriors would trail by at least 13 for the rest of the game losing 77-62. The Warriors played a better second half shooting 43.8 percent (14-32) from the field and holding Walsh to 36 percent (9-25, 0-3 from three). They also outscored the Cavs 34-28 in the half. “Walsh is a good basketball team, and a good basketball team isn’t going to let you back in the game,” Greer said. “I think the guys came out and played with more energy, but you have to start the game with energy. We’ve got to right the ship and come out with some passion Saturday.”
The Wayne State men’s basketball team used strong performances from Clark Bishop and Gerald Williams-Taylor to snap its two-game losing streak against the Malone Pioneers, Jan. 4, 66-63. The first half went back-and-forth with six ties and three lead changes. The Pioneers opened the game with a layup by Isiah Elliott and the Warriors responded with a 12-4 run capped by a WilliamsTaylor jump shot. However, the Pioneers bounced back with an 11-0 run of their own to go up 17-14 with just over 11 minutes left in the first. Freshman guard Clark Bishop responded with a three-pointer of his own to even the score at 20. The Warriors edged the Pioneers at the end of the half entering halftime with a four-point advantage (33-29). WSU came out of halftime hot going on a 6-0 run highlighted by an and-one play by Michael Martin. The Warrior lead stayed between six to 10 points before
back-to-back buckets from guards Chene Philips and Clark Bishop put them up 12 with just about 13 minutes left. The Pioneers were never closer than eight points to the lead before a 7-0 run. The Warriors held on to a comfortable lead until the Pioneers bounced back with a 7-0 run of their own that cut the Warrior lead to three with just owner four minutes left. Gerald Williams-Taylor scored five straight points including a three point play to push the lead to 61-53 with just under three minutes left. Isiah Elliot scored six if the last eight Pioneer points to keep the game close and with WSU forward splitting a pair of free throws, the Pioneers found themselves down one. But, Clark Bishop was fouled on the ensuing inbounds pass and made both free throws to win the game, 66-63. Bishop and Williams-Taylor both led the way scoring with 15 points a piece. Williams Taylor also added eight rebounds to his breakout scoring performance. The Warriors travel to Hillside to start a four-game road trip before returning to the Matthaei Jan. 23 to host Michigan Tech.
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Warriors continue winning streak FUAD SHALHOUT The South End Imari Redfield dropped a career-high 30 points and Shareta Brown tallied 24 points and 15 rebounds as the Wayne State women’s hoops team (8-1 record) extended its winning streak to seven with a 79-57 win over Walsh, Jan. 2. Their only loss came in the second game of the season, a 102-72 setback to No. 28 Indianapolis. After a 13-12 start by the Warriors with 13:44 left in the first half, WSU scored the next 14 points in just under eight minutes of the game. Jalynn Graham put Walsh back into the scoring column with a layup, but the Warriors were able to keep control and went into the break with a 35-20 lead. In the second half, WSU led by as many as 20 points but Walsh showed signs of life after midway through the half. The Cavaliers knocked down a big 3-pointer to make it 55-44 with 9:49 to play, but WSU wouldn’t let them get any closer. WSU’s defense was stingy all night holding Walsh to just 34.3 percent shooting, while outrebounding them 46-40. The Warriors also had 22 assists to Walsh’s 12. Redfield’s previous career-high was 13 points. Graham scored 18 points off the bench for Walsh. The seven-game win streak is WSU’s longest since the Warriors won nine straight last year from Jan. 19 to Feb. 21. Next, WSU hosts Malone Jan. 4 at 1 p.m.
Warriors basketball ekes out victory FUAD SHALHOUT The South End A 69-62 win over the Malone Pioneers gave the Warriors women’s hoops team a 9-1 record to start the season and a 6-0 start in the GLIAC. WSU never trailed, but Malone (7-5 overall, 2-4 GLIAC) cut the WSU lead to one point several times down the stretch. WSU scored 10 of the final 14 points of the game to help clinch the victory. Junior center Shareta Brown poured in 27 points and grabbed nine rebounds, once again displaying her consistency and dominance in the paint area as she has shown all year long. So, you’d think all is good, right? Not to head coach Carrie Lohr. “I never felt we got into a great defensive sync,” she said. “There were times we would get them down to single digits in the shot clock, and then they would make a layup or a shot. I’m not real pleased with the second half defense but I’m happy that we won.” Brown, who at times seems immune to getting stopped, seemingly once again put forth a rock solid performance. But Lohr doesn’t just look at one side of the court when evaluating
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her players. She wants Brown to become an all-around great contributor. “I’m not real happy with Shareta’s defense,” she said. “You ask me how I feel about Shareta and I’m okay with Shareta. I’m not real pleased with her total game. She rebounded well for us and she scored but I don’t think she’s put it all together yet for us on both ends of the floor.” That is not to say she can’t ever get to that point. “She absolutely can,” Lohr said. “I think statistically she leads us in steals. When she wants to get out and after it, she certainly can. Tonight she led everybody with four steals but I just want more consistency out of Shareta.” WSU led 33-24 at the half and shot 60.0 percent while holding Malone to 34.6 shooting in the opening frame. The Warriors opened the second half with a little bit more rhythm thanks to Imari Redfield, coming off a career-high 30 points against Walsh, scoring seven points in the first four minutes. WSU extended its lead by 13 with 17:23 remaining in the game. But Malone just wouldn’t go away. They kept inching their way closer and cut the WSU lead to one point
five different times in the last seven minutes of the game. With the Warriors leading 59-58 with 3:08 to go, WSU scored six straight points, including a dagger 3-pointer by guard Kristen Long to extend WSU’s lead 64-58 and seal the win. “I thought we answered there,” Lohr said. “A couple times we tripped ourselves up with some turnovers that we did not need late in the game, but I definitely think we were able to keep them just at least a point away. They definitely challenged us.” The No. 1 priority when preparing to play Malone is to stop their guard play. The lethal three-guard rotation of Deborah Simmers, Sydnee Penn and Selana Reale combined for 34 points and Lohr said they’re a tough bunch to cover. “I love their three guards, I think they put over 30 points just in the second half,” she said. “They’re pretty awesome.” The Warriors shot 44.7 percent from the field for the game and the eight straight wins ties the sixth longest streak in school history. WSU will next play Jan. 9 at Hillsdale College.
2013 YEAR IN REVIEW WSU WOMEN’S SWIMMING AND DIVING:
PHOTOS COURTESY WSU ATHLETICS
Finished second at NCAA Nationals
WSU MEN’S SWIMMING AND DIVING: Finished fifth at NCAA Nationals
WSU FOOTBALL: 3-8 record, missed the GLIAC playoffs
WSU VOLLEYBALL: 11-18 record, missed GLIAC tournament
WSU WOMEN’S TENNIS: 16-2 record, lost in GLIAC tournament championship
WSU MEN’S TENNIS: 13-8 record, finished third at GLIAC tournament (April, 2013)
WSU BASEBALL: 32-18 record, lost in third round of GLIAC tournament
WSU MEN’S CROSS COUNTRY: Finished eleventh at NCAA Regionals
WSU WOMEN’S CROSS COUNTRY: Finished ninth at NCAA Regionals
WSU SOFTBALL: 28-19 record, lost in NCAA Regionals
WSU WOMEN’S BASKETBALL (2012-2013 SEASON): 22-9 record, lost in NCAA Regional final
WSU MEN’S BASKETBALL (2012-2013 SEASON): 17-10 record, lost in NCAA Regional tournament
MEN’S AND WOMEN’S FENCING: Combined, finished 15th at NCAA championship
COURTESY RON HARPER
THESOUTHEND.WAYNE.EDU I JANUARY 2014 I 15
“PRESIDENT WILSON’S WINTER CARNIVAL”
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