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21 - 27 January 2014

Issue 549

SA diplomat kept domestic worker as ‘serf’ in Ireland

| In a case that highlights the complex relationship between madams and maids in South Africa, a diplomat took her Pretoria domestic worker to Ireland – while still paying her South African wages and demanding 17-hour workdays

INSIDE:

p3 | Mandela to be first non-Brit honoured at Westminster Abbey p9 | 400 000 SA ‘repats’ have come home, but brain drain persists p11 | Do South Africa’s unskilled youth have a future?

by brett petzer

No news is always good news in foreign affairs, it seems – especially where the diplomatic corps’ private lives are involved. Thobeka Dlamini must surely be hoping for a bit of quiet after allegations that she paid a domestic worker a fraction of the legal minimum in Ireland while also forcing her to work 17-hour days. Dlamini, a chargé d’affaires at the South African embassy in Dublin, brought the domestic worker to Ireland from Dlamini’s home in Pretoria. The domestic worker, whose name is not known, accuses Dlamini of paying her just €1.60 per hour (about R24) while the legal minimum wage in the country was €8.65 for an adult over 19 (about R128.46/hour). The domestic worker went on to file a complaint with the Irish authorities after being hospitalised. Dlamini claims that the domestic worker had never complained about her conditions of employment, and that a copy of the contract between herself and the domestic worker had been with the embassy as a condition of securing a visa for the domestic worker in the first place. However, embassy staff – in a turn of events that will shock no one used to dealing with South African bureaucracy – claim to have no proof that the documents in question were in fact submitted to them. It may well be that the domestic

UK Immigration • UK Visas • Permits • EEA visas • Residency • Citizenship • Appeals • Sponsorship Licences South African Immigration

READY TO VOTE: Hundreds of South Africans travelled from all over England to register to vote at The South African High Commission in London over the weekend. There will be another registration weekend for first-time voters on 25 and 26 January and the embassy is also open for registration during office hours until 7 February.

worker only learned of Ireland’s minimum wage after she had adjusted to the allegedly punishing work schedule at Dlamini’s residence. If so, the domestic worker can take heart at the fate of Devyani Khobragade, the New York deputy consul for India, who caused a scandal after it emerged that she had demanded 100-hour workweeks from a domestic worker, also brought across from India, and paid her around a tenth of the prevailing minimum wage in New York State. The domestic worker in question has found justice at last, as Khobragade was forced

to explain her actions in court. Yet many of South Africa’s domestic workers are not so lucky. Surveys and NGO reports suggest that the exploitation of domestic workers is rife in South Africa, and that the burgeoning black middle class have not, as some hoped, established a new paradigm in the treatment of domestic staff. Privileged South Africans of all races continue to exploit the usually unskilled and sometimes functionally illiterate women who dust the nation’s TV display cabinets and vacuum its rugs. South Africa’s estimated 1 million

domestic workers perform crucial work, freeing highly educated parents (usually women) to perform paid work outside the home, secure in the knowledge that the large home and garden many South Africans take as their due will be rigorously maintained for under R200/day. Yet their rights are more noticed in the breach than in the observance, according to the South African Domestic Services & Allied Workers’ Union (SADSAWU), Cosatu, the Black Sash, the University of the Western Cape Social Law Project and the

National Council of Trade Unions (Nactu). In a joint presentation to Government, these organisations jointly stated that abuse of domestic workers was still rife in South Africa, with a very low prevalence of proper employment contracts and, according to the UDF, a growing problem of human trafficking from the Eastern Cape and Karoo to Cape Town. If, as countless statesmen have observed, the measure of a country is how it treats its most vulnerable citizens, the Khobragades and Dlaminis of this world are all of our problem.

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Kruger Park bull elephant trashes car and gores British tourist

| A British teacher and her South African fiancé thought they’d edge closer to a bull elephant in musth. What happened next was a sobering reminder of the power of these mammoths, and their consequences that await humans who forget that Editor: Heather Walker Production: Brett Petzer & Nicól Grobler Registered office: Unit C7, Commodore House, Battersea Reach, London SW18 1TW. Tel: 0845 456 4910 Email: editor@thesouthafrican.com Website: www.thesouthafrican.com Directors: P Atherton, A Laird, J Durrant, N Durrant and R Phillips Printed by: Mortons of Horncastle Ltd

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Rachelle Keeling

Rachelle Keeling is an anthropologist and National Geographic featured television producer who has always been curious about the world around her. She studied a BA in Audiovisual Production Management, and her BA (Honours) in Anthropology from the University of Johannesburg. She’s currently completing her PhD in Palaeoanthropology at the University of the Witwatersrand. Follow her on Twitter: @RachelleKeeling.

by brett petzer You can hear Afrikaans voices speculating about the large bull elephant as it walks up to the small vehicle. But the interest and curiosity turns to panic within seconds as the bull elephant’s behaviour turns violent. The elephant’s ears can be seen flapping – signs that, to many South

Africans, would be more than enough to communicate the message that the animal is to given some space, fast. But Sarah Brooks, a Lincolnshire teacher, and her South African fiancé were likely to afraid to move as the one-tonne pachyderm bore down on them. Eyewitnesses reported that Brooks edged closer to the elephant after it began to perform

mock charges and ear flaps, but these reports could not confirmed. The elephant’s tusk punctured Brooks’ small vehicle, goring the back of her upper thigh. Her fiancé suffered only minor injuries. Kruger National Park officials destroyed the animal to prevent it harming any other park visitors. KNP spokesman William Mabasa

responded to the resulting controversy by confirming that the elephant in question had a history of violent behaviour and was in its musth phase (‘in heat’, a time of heightened aggression), but South Africans have taken to social media to protest. Many believe that stricter measures to educate tourists about animal behaviour are needed.

Zuma urges delegation to market SA in Davos by staff reporter

The World Economic Forum’s annual meeting in Davos provides an excellent platform to network and market South Africa to potential investors, President Jacob Zuma told a delegation of business people on Thursday ahead of their departure for Switzerland. “Each year, we do all we can as South Africa to put our best foot forward and present our country to the world,” Zuma said at a sending-off event in Johannesburg, adding: “South Africa is easy to sell. Our country is successful, with lots of potential. “Although some challenges still remain given our history, these are being attended to,” Zuma said. “We remain a nation at work for a better life, striving each day to do better. Our founding president, Tata Nelson Mandela, and the first democratic administration laid a firm foundation, and we continue to build on that foundation to take the country forward.” Zuma said that while South Africa’s economy had taken a knock after the 2008 global meltdown, shedding a million jobs by the time the recession peaked in 2009, the country had recovered well and created many jobs. He said he National Development Plan (NDP), the country’s policy framework for reducing unemployment, inequality and poverty by 2030, identified the main drivers for economic growth: agriculture, mining, tourism, the green economy, manufacturing and infrastructure development. “As you engage the world, you will be able to say: We know exactly where we want to be by 2030 and we are working very hard to get there as South Africans. We are busy factoring the NDP into the draft Medium Term Strategic Framework that will be discussed by the Cabinet that will be appointed after elections in its first lekgotla. “We do trust that the private sector will also factor the NDP into its own strategic plans in every company so that we move seamlessly together.” The 44th annual meeting of the World Economic Forum takes place from 22 to 25 January.


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Nelson Mandela to be first non-Brit honoured at Westminster Abbey | Queen Elizabeth will honour Nelson Mandela’s memory in a by-invitation-only service of thanksgiving at Westminster Abbey in London on Tuesday 11 February.

By staff reporter Nelson Mandela will become the first non-Briton to be honoured with a memorial service at Westminster Abbey – the iconic venue that has been the coronation church for every British monarch since 1066 and the burial place of 17 royals. The queen will honour the life and work of the former South African president in a by-invitationonly service of thanksgiving at Westminster Abbey in London on Tuesday 11 February. The date has a special significance – Nelson Mandela walked out of Victor Verster Prison in Paarl on 11 February 1990 after 27 years behind bars, most of it sentenced to hard labour on the notorious Robben Island. His release followed the relaxation of apartheid by South African President FW de Klerk and paved the way for the country’s first multi-racial elections in April 1994

More than 1000 rhino poached in South Africa in 2013 by staff reporter

Just over 1,000 rhinos were illegally killed in South Africa in 2013, the equivalent of nearly three animals a day, making it the worst year ever for rhino poaching in the country. A total of 1 004 rhinos were poached in 2013, the Department of Environmental Affairs revealed on Friday, compared to 668 rhinos poached in 2012 and 448 in 2011. Thirty-seven rhinos have already been illegally killed since 1 January 2014. Since 2008, 2 778 rhino have been poached in South Africa. The Kruger National Park bore the brunt of rhino poaching in 2013 with the park losing a total 606 of the iconic animals to poachers. A total of 114 rhino were poached in Limpopo, 92 in Mpumalanga, 87 in North West and 85 in KwaZuluNatal. The number of rhino poachers arrested during 2013 increased considerably with 343 being arrested, 133 of them in the Kruger

National Park. In 2012, 267 alleged poachers were arrested. Since the beginning of 2014, six alleged poachers have been arrested, the department said. According to independent conservation organisation WWF South Africa (WWF-SA), the increase in poaching is bringing South Africa’s rhino population “ever closer to the tipping point when deaths outnumber births and they go into serious decline”. The organisation’s rhino programme manager Jo Shaw said that the criminal networks behind poaching “are threatening our national security and damaging our economy by frightening away tourists. Rhino poaching and rhino horn trafficking are not simply environmental issues, they represent threats to the very fabric of our society.” According to WWF-SA, rhino horns are smuggled by organised transnational criminal networks to Asia, mainly Vietnam, where they are primarily used as a status symbol and health tonic.

“There is growing evidence of links between the criminal gangs and other forms of organised crime, including the trafficking of people, drugs and weapons,” WWF-SA said. In December 2012, South Africa and Vietnam signed a memorandum of understanding on tackling wildlife trafficking between the two nations, and later developed a joint rhino action plan. South Africa signed a similar agreement with China in 2013, and is developing others with Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Hong Kong. South Africa is also due to sign a memorandum of understanding with neighbouring Mozambique, which borders the Kruger National Park and serves as a transit point for rhino horn exiting Africa. “The bottom line is South Africa’s rhinos are up against the wall, facing a genuine crisis, and international agreements like these have to translate into meaningful action on the ground,” said Shaw. - www.southafrica.info

when Mandela became President. Her Majesty, 87, said she was deeply ­saddened by Mandela’s death last year and wanted to attend his funeral in South Africa but had been advised to avoid long-haul trips for travel and security reasons. Nelson Mandela has always enjoyed a close relationship with the Queen – having been the first foreign recipient of an Order of Merit when she visited him in South Africa a year after he came to power. The following year, on his visit to London, he danced with her during a concert at the Royal Albert Hall. He referred to her as “My friend, Elizabeth”, she referred to him as “this wonderful man”. She was quick to meet him ­following his release from jail, going out of her way to welcome him at a Commonwealth summit in 1991, even though he wasn’t a head of state at the time. Even so, the unprecedented

memorial service is more likely a nod to Westminster Abbey’s “very firm links” with the Commonwealth rather than a personal request from Queen Elizabeth herself. In light of what would be a unique move on behalf of the United Kingdom and Westminster Abbey, it is important to remember that Mandela has always been treated as a unique case by the British government. During a state visit to London in 1996 – once he had become South South Africa’s first black president – he was accorded the rare honour of addressing both Houses of Parliament in Westminster Hall. His statue opposite Sir Winston Churchill’s in Parliament Square was adorned with tributes following his death. This marks an astonishing turnaround for a man classified as a terrorist by previous British governments – namely during Margaret Thatcher’s term as Prime Minister.

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South African party at Soaring Eagle Spur

By staff reporter

On Saturday 11 January, a group of more than 30 East Midlandsbased South Africans had a party at Soaring Eagle Spur, which opened just before Christmas in Leicester. The new 60-seater restaurant is situated right by the Holiday Inn Express Walkers Stadium and within walking distance of the Tigers ground, so perfect for a pre- or post-match feast or a drink and a bar snack.

Win a ÂŁ20 Spur meal voucher

Visit www.ukspur.co.uk to locate your nearest Spur

If you have been spotted in the circle on this page please email your address to editor@thesouthafrican.com and your voucher will be posted to you.


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Vra vir Tannie Evita | Bang Jan, Dooie Jan | My ondervindings as Evita Bezuidenhout het my ‘n paar dinge geleer. Die belangrikste is: maak jou verwagtings Plan A. En

maak jou teleurstellings Plan B. Want die grootste vrese van die lewe is daardie oomblikke van huiwering. by pieter-dirk uys Tannie Evita? Tannie weet mos alles. Wat is vrees? En hoe kan dit ons so verlam? My skat, nou vra jy vir my iets waarvan ek min weet. Ek het lank laas gevrees. Liewe aarde, ek het nie tyd nie. My dag is so vol inspirasies en aanmoedigings, avonture en uniekhede, dat ek nie kans kry vir die vrese van die lewe nie. En onthou, ek is nie meer ‘n kind nie. My ondervindings as Evita Bezuidenhout het my ‘n paar dinge geleer. Die belangrikste is: maak jou verwagtings Plan A. En maak jou teleurstellings Plan B. Want die grootste vrese van die lewe is daardie oomblikke van huiwering: sal my droom waar word? Kan ek dit doen? Moet ek die kans vat? En wat lê om die draai? Nee, ek is te bang om uit te vind. Bang Jan, dooie Jan. Ons was mos altyd bang vir alles toe ek klein was. Reken, Tannie Evita Bezuidenhout was in ‘n vorige leeftyd geken as Evangelie Poggenpoel van Mirreweg 6, Bethlehem, Oranje Vrystaat. Gebore in 1935 in ‘n mooi netjiese huisie (en nie in ‘n stal nie – destyds was die stalle in Bethlehem alleenlik vir nieblankes!). Van vroegtyd het die gesis, geflap, gebrom en gegrom van bye, vliee, motte en goggas teen die venster ruit, of die gloeilampies in ‘n kamer my in ‘n stilte van histerie gedwing. Die idee van slange en skerpioene, spinnekoppe en kokkerotte was soos ‘n lokval in die voorportaal van die hel: ‘n plek waar ek my nooit wou bevind nie. Elke Sondag het ek gebid vir leiding, wetend die Dominee sou weer met ‘n ander soort gil en grom, stip na my kyk terwyl hy die lang lys van sondes uitspoeg: alles my skuld. In die Sondagskool het ek gesit en trane weggesluk, wetend ek was op pad na die vure van Duiwelsvallei, want ek het gelieg oor die rede dat ek laat was. ‘Nee Oom,‘n groot hond wou my byt! Ek moes in die boom skuil.’ Eintlik het ek met die hondjie so lekker gespeel, ek het vergeet die liewe Jesus het ook ‘n tydtafel. Klein leuen, groot vrees. Bang vir vet bly, bang vir maer word. Bang vir die puisie op my neus wat net ek kon sien. Die muskietbyt op my arm wat natuurlik sou lei tot ‘n dodelike siekte. Bang vir die hoes, wat lei tot ‘n nies, wat oorgaan in griep, wat deur kinkhoes verlam word tot die dood aan polio. Of om my te red moet hulle my been afsit weens inflammasie nadat ek van die riverwalletjie afgegly het.

Nee, stop! Dis die verkeerde been! Of miskien verloor ek albei, want ek het gelieg oor die feit dat ek Saterdag se fliek gaan kyk het, al het ek belowe ek doen huiswerk in die skool-biblioteek. Die gemiaau van ‘n swart kat, die gekerm uit die bek van ‘n groot hond. ‘n Uil? Nee, twee uile in die donker nag! Een wat hoe en die ander wat hoe-hoe in die gehuil van die winterwind! Wie se dood word so verkondig? Seker myne. Bang vir die begrafnis van ‘n Mama, want dit moet mos eendag kom. Hoe moes ek weet daardie einste Mama sou 109 jaar oud word? Ja, sy sit vandag daar in die ouetehuis in Darling, moeilik en vies vir die feit dat sy nogsteeds alles kan onthou. Ons bid maar vir ‘n vinnige einde. Bang op skool vir die seuns wat agter my stap en lag vir my wippende agterent. Ja, ek was ‘n vetterige meisie met tande wat uitgesteek het as ek glimlag, en nare hare wat uitgestaan het soos staal wol! Bang ek sou nooit ‘n man kon vind nie. Bang vir ‘n lewe sonder kindertjies, en nog erger, bang vir die lewe met aaklige stoute donners. Al het Mama gese: “As daardie oomblik aanbreek en jy is ‘n getroude vrou, lê stil my kind, en hou jou oë styf toe. En bid bid bid. Na nege maande sal die engele ‘n lieflike presentjie vir jou bring.” (Ai Mama, as ek nou vir jou ‘n lekker taai klap kon gee vir daardie nonsens!) Bang vir die lewe. Bang vir die dood. En dis voordat ek die wêreld van politiek as Mevrou Bezuidenhout betree het! Ek was bang om ja te sê toe Hasie my vra: “Sal jy met my trou?”. Bang hy sou nie vra nie; bang om te belowe: “Ek sal hom lief h^e tot die dood ons skei.” Bang vir daardie skrikwekkende Bezuidenhout-familie wat so op my afgekyk het. Bang ek doen iets verkeerd as die vrou van ‘n magtige NP lid van die Volksraad. Bang ek kon nie ‘n gesprek voer met die Eerste Minister nie, toe Dr Verwoerd my uitvra oor die geboorte van skoenlappers uit die kokon van wurms. Daardie grillerige feit het my nog banger gemaak! Dat ‘n lelike papie iets so pragtig kon voortbring? Bang vir daardie ses maandelikse trek van Pretoria na Kaapstad vir die opening van die Parlement. Bang my rok was te kort en my hare te lank. Bang die Suidooste wind sou my hoed afruk en in die straat afjaag. Bang vir verkiesings en die vrees dat Hasie sy setel sou verloor, en dat ons albei deeglike werk sou

moes vind om ons drie kinders te onderhou. Bang apartheid gaan weg en my bediendes eindig in die Parlement en dan? Wat doen ek in daardie vertrek wat hulle ‘Die Kombuis’ noem? Bang die geskiedenis sou uitvind dat Dimitri Tsafendas Dr Verwoerd doodgesteek het in die Parlement met my geliefkoosde vrugtemes! (Maar dit is ‘n ander storie.) Die bangmaaklys uit my verlede is so lank, dit maak my glad bang. Waar het die Damaskusweg oomblik in my lewe gekom? Daardie skokkende dag toe ek weet my lewe as huisvrou en moeder is vir ewig verby. Daardie dag toe belangrike en ryk mans na my gekom het en die landkaart oopgerol het en vir my versigtig gewys het waar my toekoms binne die perke van grense en rivierbeddens, koppies en vlaktes lê. Bapetikosweti. Ek was bang ek kon dit nie behoorlik uitspreek nie, maar toe Minister Piet Koornhof dit uitspoeg as Baberskertwoti, het ek besef iemand moet hier die leiding neem. Hoe? Daar was net een antwoord: hou op bang te wees vir jou eie skaduwee! Moenie gedurig wegkyk nie. My hele lewe lank het ek liewers my oë toegemaak vir die realiteite van die lewe. Liewers in die donker gesit en gewag vir ‘n uitkoms van êrens. Nie meer nie. As daar ‘n korrupte slang deur die gras van ons politiek seil, hou ek nou my oog op die donner. As my adrenalien ‘n nuwe vrees aankondig, maak ek seker ek weet presies wat dit is, hoekom dit my bang maak en wat ek kan doen om dit onder beheer te kry. Wegkyk maak daardie nagmerrie net sterker, en jy word te bang vir wat bang maak, om te besef dat as jy in beheer is, daardie bang net ‘n problem word wat opgelos kan word! Verwag die ergste van die lewe (want dit kan die ergste oplewer), maar hoop dat die realiteit nooit erger sal wees as wat jy verwag nie. Hoe kan jy dan bang wees vir iets wat jy verwag? As jy daardie vrees in die oë kyk, sal jy maar altyd daarop akfkyk, want jy is bobaas. Dit kan nog doodsgevaarlik wees, maar jy is in beheer want jy ken jou vyand. Gee hom ‘n naam. Noem die kanker Faan. ‘n Faan is makliker om te hanteer as ‘n naamlose, vormlose ding in die donker van vrees. Omhels die vyand met ‘n glimlag. Dit sal sy reputasie vernietig want sy magtiste wapen is om jou bang te maak. Bang Jan, dooie Jan? Ja Jan, maar my skat, dis jou keuse, nie myne nie. Ek is bang vir boggherol!


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2014: The year of the horse. And of JOMO. | 2014 is the Year of the horse according to the Chinese zodiac. Apparently, it’s also the year we’re all going to get much better at saying ‘no’ and staying home in our pants. zeitgeist, but having spent a good of focus. in South Africa – check this on the

by jen smit I have a confession to make: I haven’t watched Sherlock. Or Breaking Bad. Nor have I read the Twilight series, Harry Potter or anything by Stieg Larsson. I am also surely several years too late now to warrant catching up on such ‘classic’ films as Basic Instinct, Seven, Reservoir Dogs and Silence of the Lambs. And you know what, I’m okay with missing out. Mostly because I don’t really feel that I am missing out on these things – except maybe for THAT episode of McGuyver, the one with the ants that everyone except me saw back in the 80s. However, while I may be practised at ignoring some of the more obvious pop culture experiences I can’t deny that I, like so many people, have a more general Fear of Missing Out (FOMO). I remember whiling away entire days when I was a

child just lying on my bed reading a book. Yet today, reading more than 10 pages at a time seems not so much a luxury as a potential expense – what grand social excursion could I be missing out on while I have my nose buried in a book? The highlights package that is Facebook is no help either. A quick scan of my newsfeed at any given moment in time would suggest that while I am washing the dishes, my connections (let’s face it, they’re not all really friends) are out travelling the world, launching empires, moulding young lives or engaging in athletic heroics. Thank goodness, then, that 2014 looks set to be the year of JOMO – the Joy of Missing Out. Admittedly I am conflicted because my Fear of Being Ordinary (FOBO) manifests itself in a natural desire to avoid being swept up unwittingly in the

deal of my time last year dabbling in yoga and meditation and listening to people like Ruby Wax and David Steindl-Rast, JOMO is something I have already started tapping into. In fact, amongst my new year’s resolutions – yes, those oft doomed beasties– are some very tangible commitments to do more of the ‘mundane’. Like reading and watching TV and getting to bed earlier. Ironically I have found that so far the best way to achieve this has been to increase my scheduling. I now set aside very specific times each week to stay home and watch TV – something I never do – or read a book, and an alarm on my phone tells me when it’s time to pack it in and hit the sack. Not every night, mind you, I also have time dedicated to dancing and going to yoga and being creative and going out with friends. Arguably even more important than this scheduling is the concept

The Optimist

Multitasking really is overrated and mindfulness – the art of being present – is catching on amongst even the unhippiest of people. Heck, even the Bank of England is offering its employees meditation classes to help them live in the present! I’m working hard at this too which means that now when I watch TV, I watch TV, I don’t watch TV AND wash the dishes AND surf the web. And when I call my friends, I don’t call AND keep one eye on Facebook AND flip through a magazine. Of course there are things you definitely do NOT want to miss out on, one of which is exercising your right to vote in South Africa’s general election, even if you’re not in the country. By now you have probably already seen one of the many messages circulating various social media networks explaining how to go about registering to vote. If you haven’t, the most important thing to know is that if you are already on the voters roll

IEC website www.elections.org. za using your ID number – you don’t need to do anything. Yet. All you need to do is wait until President Zuma announces the election date and then make sure you fill in a VEC10 form to notify the IEC where you intend to vote. If you have not yet registered, take both your green, bar-coded South African ID book, smartcard ID or valid Temporary Identity Certificate (TIC) AND your valid South African passport to your nearest South African mission before 7 February and get it done. I’ll be scheduling in time to queue come election day, and I hope you will too, but until then, bask in the smug glow that comes from knowing that sometimes, chilling in really is better than rushing out. And if you’ve made it this far without breaking your new year’s resolutions, you’re totally awesome – 37% of people have already packed them in!

Not childless, not gay but I have the bloody tea … | Darling says this is an act as I am never happy and he doesn’t buy it. I am going to change the name ‘darling’.

Karen de Villiers

Seriously need your help today. Think of me as doubtful ‘Merryankles’ in the Pantomine needing the children to believe before she can do whatever. Sitting here with a drill upstairs severing the very core of my dark blooded brain, I am having my own little pity party. Avec Mr. Earl Grey and about six hot cross buns. Sky News commented on an article that said you can only be genuinely happy if you are childless, gay and with a cup of tea. I have the tea. No mention of wine so must have been written by a … oh who cares. I have become a ‘bah humbug’ person. But seriously, take this morning. First attempt at happy; switching on every light at 7am to find the kettle. Darling says this is an act as I am never happy and he doesn’t buy it. I am going to change the name ‘darling’. My first conversation of the day goes like this. ‘Hello my name is questionable and I received an email from you requiring information regarding your husband doing some locums with us years ago.’ I reply: ‘Yes. Thank you so much for getting back to me. Just confirmation of some dates.’ The pause. I call it the Headmaster pause. Always for effect and then your heart sinks as you just know he is going to be on

your hit list. ‘You see, I do not know if he is your husband, and data protection cannot allow me to share information with you. Is he even in the country? He will have to email me, not call, but prove he is who he … (kill me now!)’ I cannot resist. ‘So, you are telling me that I woke up this morning and thought; let me pick a random company at whim, imagine a husband – email some idiot and ask him for information that has no real relevance to me? Really.’ Instead I say. ‘You must be kidding!’ and promise to get my other half to contact him. Bliksem! The rest of this morning included a near cyclist kill in my lane, a retard with a hooter for balls, too much work, no chance of escaping

over the Easter weekend to the sun, and the drill. Third cup of tea shaking in my hand, rat a tat, rat a tat ugh! I do wake up and think like an innocent that today is going to be fabulous. This is the Optimistic side to my nature. It takes little to bring me down. A horrid remark, sarcasm, doubt. Then there is the packed tube, the wrong coffee order and of course, the ranks of the stupid who do everything wrong but get away with it. Did I hear you say ‘I believe in fairies?’ Ha, you said, get over it, get on with it and get the hell away from me you sulky witch. Thanks, needed that and all sorted. PS was going to say ‘Merrybreasts’ but … no. And I believe in fairies. Just saying.


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Past ambassador to SA publishes first full biography of Helen Suzman | A biography of legendary anti-apartheid campaigner Helen Suzman by her close friend, Lord Robin Renwick, former British

ambassador to South Africa, is being published in the UK by Biteback Publishing Ltd and in South Africa by Jonathan Ball.

by staff reporter Helen Suzman was the voice of South Africa’s conscience during the darkest days of apartheid. She stood alone in parliament, confronted by a legion of highly chauvinist male politicians. Armed with the relentless determination and biting wit for which she became renowned, Suzman battled the racist regime and earned her reputation as a legendary antiapartheid campaigner. Suzman formed a close friendship with Nelson Mandela, starting with her visits to him on Robben Island. Despite constant antagonism and the threat of violence, she forced into the global spotlight the injustices of the country’s minority rule. Once democracy had been established, she was just as fierce a critic of the Mbeki government for its failure to tackle AIDS, insisting on respect for freedom of the press, independence of the judiciary and integrity in public life. Access to Suzman’s papers,

including her unpublished correspondence with Mandela, was granted by her family to the author, former British ambassador to South Africa, Robin Renwick, who has penned a book rich with examples of her humour and political brilliance. This first full biography goes beyond her famous struggle against apartheid into her criticisms of the post-apartheid government. Helen Suzman: Bright Star In A Dark Chamber is a fascinating insight into the life of a truly great South African and her role in one of the most important struggles in modern history. Robin Renwick, Baron Renwick of Clifton, is a crossbench peer in the House of Lords. During a long and illustrious career in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office he has been a Private Secretary to the Minister of State, a political adviser, Assistant Under-Secretary of State and Ambassador to South Africa and then the United States. In Parliament, Suzman was absolutely fearless. Renwick relates: “When Verwoerd told

her: ‘I have written you off’, her reply was: ‘And the whole world has written you off!’ When John Vorster said that he could see nothing wrong with apartheid, she suggested that he should try visiting the townships “’disguised as a human being’. Half asleep on her bench in the course of an all night sitting, she heard P W Botha say: ‘The honourable member for Houghton, it is well known, does not like me’. Leaping to her feet, she replied: ‘Do not like you? I cannot stand you!’ On another occasion, complaining about her “nagging”, he compared it to the sound of water on a tin roof, adding that if his wife behaved in this way, he would know how to deal with her. Her response was that if P W Botha were female, he would arrive on a broomstick. Re-reading these exchanges today, it is easy to forget just how forbidding, ruthless and vindictive these people were.” The book launches in South Africa will be attended by F W De Klerk, Helen Zille, Mamphela Ramphele and a number of former Robben Island inmates. Praise for Helen Suzman: Bright Star In A Dark Chamber: “Helen Suzman was sharp, incisive, principled and loads of fun. So is this biography” - John Carlin, Author of Invictus. “A story of sheer political grit, courage and conviction, proving that even in the darkest hour there remain people loyal to their principles” - South African Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe. “The new insights that Robin Renwick brings to the extraordinary life and achievements of the late Helen Suzman will help to ensure that this exceptional South African and universally acknowledged human rights campaigner is accorded her rightful place in history”- John Battersby, former editor of the Sunday Independent. “As British ambassador to South Africa, Lord Renwick established a lasting friendship with Helen Suzman. Hence the excellence of this biography: the clarity of language, grasp and depth of issues, the human touch that pervades every chapter, and the deceptively easy readability. Coming at a time when liberalism has again come to the forefront of the national debate, it could not have appeared at a better moment.” - Stanley Uys, veteran South African journalist. The book is available in hardcover from Amazon from 21 January or on www.bitebackpublishing.com

Former British ambassador to South Africa, Robin Renwick


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| 21 - 27 January 2014 | thesouthafrican.com

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Cass Abrahams’ recipe for pickled fish | South African best-selling cookbook author and chef Cass Abrahams shares her version of the traditional Cape Malay

dish, pickled fish.

by staff reporter Pickled fish Serves 6-8 A delightful, fragrant dish of curried fish layered with cooked onions and saturated with a sweet-sour sauce. Ingredients: 1kg (21/4 lb) snoek cut into portions salt to taste vegetable oil for frying 2 large onions, sliced 5 cloves garlic, chopped 250ml (1 cup) vinegar 125ml (1/2 cup) water 10ml (2tsp) ground coriander 15ml (1 tbsp) masala 5ml (1tsp) turmeric 2 bay leaves 4 each allspice and cloves 1ml (1/4 tsp) peppercorns

sugar to taste Method: Salt fish and fry in oil until cooked. Remove with a slotted spoon and set aside in a separate bowl; retain oil. Place rest of ingredients except sugar in a saucepan and bring to the boil. Turn down heat and simmer until onions are transparent but haven’t lost their crunch. Add sugar to taste and stir to dissolve. Pour warm sauce and oil over fish, making sure that each portion of fish is covered. Allow to cool and store in a cool place. Serve with fresh bread and butter. Recipe: Cass Abrahams, Cass Abrahams Cooks Cape Malay: Food from Africa Food Styling: Pete Goffe-Wood, PGW Eat

South African artist Carol Hickman exhibits in Whitstable this week | Carol Hickman will exhibit her paintings and photographs at the

Fishslab Gallery in Whitstable, on the Kent Coast. by heather walker UK-based South African artist Carol Hickman will be holding a solo show at the Fishslab Gallery in picturesque Kentish seaside town Whitstable from 22 to 27 January. Carol Hickman, nee Lewis, grew up in Cape Town and Durban but on the day of her marriage, she and her husband left for England on the last sailing of the Edinburgh Castle. “We were only supposed to stay a year, but never managed to return,” she said. Carol has done many other jobs while bringing up her two children, but she is now painting again. This exhibition features her oil paintings, photographs, watercolours and cards of the originals.

| One of Carol Hickman’s photographs

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The Fishslab Gallery is at 11 Oxford Street, Whitstable, Kent, CT5 1DB. Exhibition runs 22 to 27 January from 10am – 4pm. For more information, please contact Carol on carolhickman@cfsbroadband. co.uk

6 TheSouthAfrican. com/events

| One of Carol Hickman’s paintings


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thesouthafrican.com | 21 - 27 January 2014 |

Business

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400 000 SA ‘repats’ have come home, but brain drain persists

| While as many South Africans as live in central Cape Town have returned to the Beloved Country since 2008, state immigration policies mean that South Africa’s brain drain remains as serious as ever, a new report shows by brett petzer The expatriates who brought majestic Durban vowels, clipped Jozi English and Cape Town slang to the world’s most dynamic cities are, in part, streaming back to South Africa. The reasons are as diverse as the number of South Africans who left, but some major themes predominate, as a new report from JSE-listed human capital management group Adcorp shows. Surveys have shown that the push factors (those pushing South Africans out of the country) are chiefly political and securityrelated, while the pull factors that attract South Africans to the first world are mostly financial. While the pull factors have scarcely changed – South Africa is not very noticeably safer or more stable than it was in the peak emigration years – the financial situation abroad most definitely has. South Africans in Europe have been particularly hard-hit by a grindingly slow recovery from the global financial crisis, in which the jobs and optimism that vanished in 2008 have taken far longer than expected to return. According to the Adcorp report, released this month, South Africans are returning home

in significant numbers. While lack of job security and falling spending power are an important factor driving skilled South Africans back home, the financial implications of the move are not the full story: despite relatively higher buying power in Mzansi, most repats still face a steep drop in personal income when they resettle inside South Africa. The reasons repats come home, on the whole, are deeper and harder to define: anecdotally, it’s a simple desire to reconnect with family and personal networks, a desire for the South African quality of life, and the desire to raise families with familiar values. South African expats concur in forums and on the social media that the financial lure of earning British pounds, for example, counted for far more when they were young and starting out; those in mid-career who are thinking of establishing families tend to favour the discipline and respect for adults expected of South African children, the outdoor and family-orientated culture (including entertaining at home and in the garden) and the enduring quality and affordability of South Africa’s private schools as major pull factors. According to the Adcorp report,

just under 400 000 South Africans – as many as live in Brighton and Hove in the UK, or in central Cape Town – have returned to South Africa between 2008 and 2013. However, the number of vacancies for skilled positions in the country remains comfortably twice this number – about 830 000. South Africa’s desperate skills shortage is especially pronounced in engineering,

management, medicine and finance. As the report suggests, if South Africa is to keep growing, the government must relax visa restrictions and import skilled foreign labour as a matter of urgency. “To a great extent, the shortage of highly-skilled workers has been artificially induced by the Immigrations Act (2002), which makes it exceedingly difficult

for foreigners to find work in South Africa. The most recent amendments to the Immigrations Act, promulgated in April 2011, prohibit the use of immigration agents and quota work permits, both of which have historically been widely used by South African companies seeking foreign skills” says Loane Sharp, an Adcorp labour economist.

Intern journalist required at Cape to Cairo trade agreement to open African borders within the region, while phase reports SARDC. TheSouthAfrican.com in London by Lucille Davie two will cover trade in services The chairperson of the Tripartite

| We are looking for a work experience journalist at our office in Wandsworth, starting as soon as possible. by heather walker TheSouthAfrican.com is looking for an intern journalist at our office in Wandsworth, starting as soon as possible. We require someone for either a month-long internship or to work one or two days a week for three months. This is the ideal opportunity for students or recent graduates to get all-important bylines, learn about Search Engine Optimisation, conduct interviews and get to grips with the daily workings of our website and newspaper. On the days you work you will be required to produce a set number of news and feature articles to be published on our website. Depending on requirements, some of these may also be published in the printed weekly newspaper. Required: Passion for current affairs and social media You must be self-motivated and a good researcher. The more you put into this, the more you will

get out of it. You must live in London, be able to work to strict deadlines and to write in English to first language standard. Advantageous: Your own laptop Photography skills Willingness to do occasional assignments outside office hours Journalism students or graduates are preferred, however if you can provide proof of an interest in pursuing a journalistic career, such as previous articles or a blog, you will be considered Knowledge of South Africa and the South African community in London This is an unpaid position but your lunch and travel expenses within London will be covered for the days you work. To apply, please send your CV, a short cover letter and two examples of your writing to Heather Walker: editor@thesouthafrican.com

Trade efficiency inside Africa is set for a major boost when three regional economic communities sign an agreement in June to establish a massively enlarged free trade area encompassing 26 countries in southern and eastern Africa – roughly half of the member states of the African Union. The Tripartite Free Trade Area or FTA will have a combined population of about 600-million people and a gross domestic product of some $1-trillion. The aim is to boost intra-regional trade, increase investment and promote the development of cross-regional infrastructure, according to the Southern African Research and Documentation Centre (SARDC). The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa), the East African Community (EAC) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC), commonly referred to as Comesa-EAC-SADC, first mooted the agreement back in October 2008. Since then, there has been “significant progress” towards realising “this dream of opening up borders to literally half of the continent, spanning the entire southern and eastern regions of Africa – from Cape to Cairo”,

Task Force, Rwandan-born Dr Richard Sezibera, expects negotiations to be complete in time for the signing. “Considerable progress has been made and negotiations have intensified to ensure that we clinch the Tripartite Free Trade Agreement by June 2014,” he said at a tripartite meeting in November, in Arusha in Tanzania. The goal of a continent-wide free trade area was first set 23 years ago, with the signing of the African Economic Community Treaty in 1991. Regional trade arrangements such as the Tripartite FTA are seen as important steps towards this goal, according to SARDC. The vision of the Organisation of African Unity, formed in 1963 and now called the African Union, was always one of a united and integrated continent. Single customs union The FTA is being established in three phases. The preparatory phase, which included national tariffs, trade data and measures, customs procedures and simplification of customs documentation, transit procedures, non-tariff barriers, and other barriers to trade, is now complete. Phase one includes the easy movement of business people

and intellectual property rights, competition policy and trade development, and competitiveness. A single FTA is expected to be in place by 2016, with the three sub-regions creating a single customs union. “Removal of trade barriers such as huge export and import fees would enable countries to increase their earnings, penetrate new markets and contribute towards their national development,” said SARDC. The AU consists of 54 countries: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comores, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Republic of Arab Saharawi, Republic of the Congo, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.


10



Business

| 21 - 27 January 2014 | thesouthafrican.com Follow us on Twitter: @TheSAnews

South African wine exports reach record volumes

| Sales of South African wine to wine-producing countries such as France, Italy and Spain increased so dramatically due to the poor European harvest, while sales to the UK, still the country’s biggest export destination accounting for just over one-fifth of total volumes exported last year, rose 21%. “South Africa is increasingly by staff reporter The South African wine industry has topped its previous export record, with volumes sold in 2013 reaching 525,7 million litres, a 26% increase on the previous high achieved in 2012. Strong year-on-year growth occurred in established and newer markets. Sales to the UK, still the country’s biggest export destination accounting for just over one-fifth of total volumes exported last year, rose 21% to 111,2 million litres. Volumes to Germany, where South Africa is the biggest New World supplier, increased by 24% to 96,5 million litres, while exports to Russia were up 18% to 37,3 million litres. Siobhan Thompson, the new CEO of Wines of South Africa, attributed the dramatic rise in exports to the country’s bumper harvest in 2013 that allowed South Africa to fill the gap created by the poor European harvest, as well as to the penetration of new markets. “It is encouraging that strong gains were achieved in the UK and Germany, our two biggest markets, where packaged wines in particular showed very

healthy growth. Packaged wines to the UK were up 31% and to Germany by 17%. At the same time, exports also grew across an increasingly broad range of other markets.” She said the substantial growth in Russian sales was partly the result of the shortfall in the European harvest, where in some cases yields were the lowest in 40 years. “This was also the reason South African sales to wine-producing countries such as France, Italy and Spain increased so dramatically. However, we see as significant, the impressive growth in high potential markets such as the US, where we are confident of achieving long-term growth. ” She said exports to the US, a market of fast-growing importance to the country, increased by 37%, buoyed by improved distribution and ongoing positive media exposure. This included very favourable reviews in high-profile wine publications such as Wine Spectator and The Wine Advocate and amongst the very influential blogger fraternity. The US is currently the world’s biggest market for wines.

perceived as the source of interesting, original and wellmade wines, able to appeal to Americans eager to expand their repertoire. This is a very good positioning from which to build our base, particularly as we target Millennials, who are especially eager to encounter new taste experiences.” Strong gains had also been achieved in Denmark, she said, where packaged sales were up by 21%. The country was also making good inroads in many of Africa’s major economies as well as in Japan, Thailand and the United Arab Emirates. White wine sales had risen by almost 18% and reds, by 22%. Sauvignon blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz, Pinotage and Merlot had seen the biggest increase in volumes exported. Thompson noted that while bulk volumes had accounted for 65% of wines exported last year, up from 59% the previous year, this was largely a factor of the opportunistic buying on world markets prompted by the poor European harvest. It was also not a situation unique to South Africa, impacted on other New World wine-producing countries as well.

South African Rand falls to a new low

by staff reporter The South African rand weakened and continued to hold its five year low after reaching this point earlier in the month. The rand is highly influenced by the US dollar, and as the US economy shows signs of improvements, many investors look to return to stable economies. News out of the US has further hurt the rand as unemployment levels fall to the lowest since November. One of the biggest contributors to the falling rates in developing countries is that the Federal Reserve confirmed the market’s expectation that tapering will continue in incremental steps of almost $10 billion a month. While most developing countries are seeing their

currency fall, SA is being affected the hardest as new data shows that mining production has slowed. Mining commodities account for more than 50 percent of the country’s exports. While many South Africans are feeling the bite of the falling Rand, tourists are flooding in as they are getting their money’s worth. Foreigners spent an estimated $1.2 billion (12.7 billion rand) last year in the city and the industry is already pointing to a rosier season. Cape Town being rated the world’s top place to visit in 2014 by The New York Times and the weak rand is making SA the ideal summer location. GBP / ZAR: 17.8652 EUR / ZAR: 14.7214 USD / ZAR: 10.8773

NZD / ZAR: 8.97321 Exchange rates as of 08:56 (GMT), 20/01/2014 Composed by Damian Sutherland Note: The above exchange rates are based on “interbank” rates. If you want to transfer money to or from South Africa, please register/login on our website, or call us on 1800 835 148 for a live dealing rate. You can make use of a Rate Notifier to send you alerts when the South African exchange rate reaches the levels that you are looking for.. Brought to you by

Call 0808 168 2055


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thesouthafrican.com | 21 - 27 January 2014 |

Business

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Do South Africa’s unskilled youth have a future? | Millions of South Africans want to believe in the ANC’s promise of 6 million jobs, but the alarming truth is that our economy is a friend of poverty rather than the poor. Rigid labour markets, corruption and shambolic education are what stand in the way of South Africans’ creating jobs for themselves: what we’d like to hear is Zuma promise to stop destroying job opportunities, rather than pledging to create them

by brett petzer As millions of South Africans rolled their eyes in response to President Zuma’s promised 6 million jobs, thoughtful observers took to the social media to voice their concern. Two possibilities can explain Zuma’s choosing of such an outlandish figure, and neither of them have anything to do with our troubled economy. The first is that President Zuma has done sums that show he will not need the votes of the numerate and literate in June. The second, more alarming possibility, is that Zuma believes that six million jobs can in fact be created – to say nothing of the fact that his departure from office would be, at this point, one of the only pieces of news that could rally the currency. But the strange thing is that the outsize promise was entirely free of detail. And, without wanting to be uncharitable, we must doubt that the ANC have left out all the details of how South Africa’s twodecade-old jobs problem would be solved in order to make more of a splash with them when they’re revealed closer to election time. In 2011, Kgalema Motlanthe said that the uneducated and unskilled youth were our ‘ticking timebomb’, noting that 2.8 million 1824-year olds were unemployed and

not in training. Since then, youth unemployment has not lessened in any measurable way, and the crisis in education is as deep as ever. While the improved 2013 Matric pass rate have given some cause for celebration, it is not lost on education experts that only a small minority of every Grade 1 class go on to Matric, with an even smaller fraction qualifying for study at university. Even Blade Nzimande’s briefing last week, in which the Higher Education Minister spoke of 400,000 training, education and upskilling opportunities available to the youth, seems to miss this larger point: South Africa produces more unskilled workers than skilled, and has done so for many years. Even if every Matric writing this year were somehow to be placed in a meaningful, high-quality form of training and equipped for a skilled job, this country would have to solve the problem of several million young, capable citizens who have no specialised human capital to offer the global economy. South Africa is not cheap enough to become a major lowcost manufacturing hub, and our mining industry battles to survive. Agriculture has been capitalising and shedding manpower for years as it automates and as small farms

turn into large, single corporate farms. The sectors of the economy that might once have absorbed unskilled workers and turned them into highly-paid labour through on-the-job training and lifelong learning are shrinking or struggling to survive. It remains to be seen whether the Beloved Country’s state and civil society institutions can withstand the pressure of so much talent and energy slowly simmering at home when it could be at work. As a country, our rigid and rather first-world labour market and labour laws, our adversarial and outdated collective wage bargaining system and other paleo-economics have eaten into the energy and entrepreneurial spirit of what could be a thriving economy that contains every permutation from formal and corporate to informal microenterprises. We could have a big, messy, resilient hybrid economy that hoovers up talent and ideas and in which the social safety net only serves to support South Africans between jobs. But the journey there begins with straight talk, intellectual honesty and realism. The state cannot give us six million jobs, but if it got out of the way, South Africa’s matchless entrepreneurs could.

British born parent? Are you eligible for a British passport?

| Clients with one British born parent are often in doubt on whether they are eligible for a British passport or not. by staff reporter

Clients with one British born parent are often in doubt on whether they are eligible for a British passport or not. BIC has thus compiled the following guidelines to shed a little light on the issue. British born fathers British born fathers can only pass on their citizenship to legitimate born children. (This has however changed in 2006, and therefore does not apply for children born in an illegitimate relationship after 2006.) So if you are born to a British father, you are able to obtain a British passport provided that your biological parents were married to one another, either before your

birth or after. Even if they are no longer married to one another, as long as they were married to one another at any-time during your life, you would be eligible for a British Passport.” British born mothers If an applicant was born before January 1983 to a British born mother (regardless of where the applicant was born) you will be eligible to British Citizenship. However because mothers were previously not permitted to pass on their citizenship to their children and are now permitted to do so, you would first need to be registered as a British citizen. This is called a UKM application

and is submitted to the UK Border Agency in Liverpool. Once the registration has been approved, one can use that certificate to apply for your British passport.” Please note that the above are only rough guidelines. Please contact us for more advice in your unique circumstances. JP Breytenbach Director of BIC, Breytenbachs Immigration Consultants Limited. www.bic-immigration.com or info@bic-immigration.com


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thesouthafrican.com | 21 - 27 January 2014 |

Travel

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Discover the Drakensberg’s Bushman Rock Art | Aside from wide open spaces and rugged crags the uKhahlamba

Drakensberg Park offers a rich cultural heritage for those eager to strap on their hiking boots and head into the mountains. The mission: to seek out and admire the Berg’s rock art.

| The well preserved primary panel at Game Pass depicts eland intersected with elongated figures.

By Rachelle Keeling The Drakensberg’s Rock Art is one of the many jewels that the region, awarded World Heritage Site status in 2000, has to offer. From walking, hiking, biking, climbing and trekking this vast landscape is a wonderland for nature enthusiasts. Nature aside, these mountains are home to 520 rock art sites and 30, 000 paintings – making the area one of the most abundant with painted rock art in the world. More rock paintings are found here than anywhere else in Africa. You needn’t travel far to find yourself gazing upon the artwork. We choose to position ourselves in Kamberg Nature Reserve. From here we can walk up to Game Pass Shelter, known as the ‘Rosetta Stone of rock art’ in southern Africa. The Game Pass Shelter offers immaculately preserved artwork. Despite dating back thousands of years the pristine paintings appear to have been completed just yesterday. To reach them we endure a steep walk. The journey takes us through the lush and scenic reserve, and as we climb two flocks of vultures circle the thermals above. Various antelope are found in the reserve including eland – so revered by the Bushman (San) that they portrayed them in the 4, 000 year paintings we are on our way to see. On route we pass through a rock shelter veiled by a waterfall. We stop to gaze upon the falling water as it flows into the Mooi River below. Just a short distance from here we must

cross the river. Unfortunately, the bridge on the way to the site has burnt down, so we step over boulders to reach the other bank. Then, after a steep ascent we enter the rock shelter. The sight that awaits us stuns us into silence. The ancient paintings are vivid and remarkably complete despite their age. We listen as our guide explains the panels – bringing their depictions to life. When we finally draw our gaze from the rock face we are confronted with spectacular views of the reserve spread out below us. All in all, the experience takes us an hour and half return trip.

Giants Castle Game Reserve is our next stop and only an hour away by car. Here the Main Caves site is remarkably accessible. Only a short 30 minute walk from the visitor parking lot along wooden walkways. On arrival a guide meets us and leads us though a fenced area – which offers protection from vandals. From here, we reach the rock face along further wooden walkways, which not only safeguard the art but also elevate our views, while our guide passionately describes the scenes. Two murals draw my interest – one is a snake, not uncommon in San rock art, depicted coiled atop the hard rock surface. The other depicts two figures (therianthropes), fitted with antelope heads. I cannot help but gaze in wonder at this painting – likely representing a shaman in altered dream states. While slightly disappointed that the site was not as well preserved as Kamberg, Main Caves was, however, easy to reach and remarkable in its own right. So, for generous helpings of both nature and culture strap on your hiking boots and head out to the mountains. The Berg is just two and a half hours from Durban and four hours from Johannesburg. KZN Wildlife manages both Kamberg and Giants Castle, park entry costs day visitors R30. To view the art at Kamberg you require a guide – cost: R50 per person, at Giants Castle tours cost R30 per person.

| Depictions of two therianthropes, i.e. forms which share both human and animal characteristics.

| Sweeping views over the 6 300 ha Kamberg Nature Reserve.


14



Zimbabwe Community

| 21 - 27 January 2014 | thesouthafrican.com Follow us on Twitter: @TheSAnews

The top ten richest Zimbabweans of 2014

| Our list of the ten wealthiest Zimbabweans includes telecommunications entrepreneur Strive Masiyiwa, mining and transport mogul Billy Rautenbach and Lonmin CEO Ben Magara. by staff reporter We concede that obtaining upto-date figures on the net worth and salaries of individuals is a tricky task. A culture of secrecy tantamount to the culture of Swiss Banks prevails among business people who refuse to divulge their investment interests. However we’ve searched high and low to bring you a list, as accurate as possible, of ten of the richest business leaders* born or resident in Zimbabwe. 1. Strive Masiyiwa Net worth: $829 million Telecommunications mogul Strive Masiyiwa is widely regarded as the richest man in Zimbabwe and is one of the richest men in Africa with a net worth of more than US$800 million. He is the founder and chairman of global telecommunications group Econet Wireless, with operations and investments in Africa, Europe, South America and the East Asia Pacific Rim. Beyond telecoms, Masiyiwa’s business activities include operations and investments in some of Africa’s leading businesses in financial services, insurance, renewable energy, bottling for Coca-Cola, hotel and safari lodges. 2. Takudzwa Razemba Net worth $785 million Takudzwa Razemba (only in his mid 20s) is the founder of Orbz Corporation, Holden International and Hainz Group, a diversified group with over £82 billion market

capitalisation. His companies are also listed on FTSE, NYSE and JSE. His empire is valued at more than US$780 million. 3. Nicholas Van Hoogstraten Net worth: $729 million British businessman Nicholas Van Hoogstraten has shareholding in Econet, RTG, investments in the tourism, mining and property sectors and other investments in Britain worth over £293 million. He first bought an estate in Zimbabwe (then Rhodesia) when he was 19. He now lives on his huge ranch called Central Estates, where he keeps vast cattle herds and thousands of acres of crops. He is a close associate of President Robert Mugabe, whom he describes as “100 per cent decent and incorruptible” 4. Billy Rautenbach Net worth: $568 million Also known as Muller Conrad Rautenbach, controversial mining and transport mogul Billy Rautenbach (US$568 million) was born in Harare in 1959. Before he was 40, Rautenbach’s business empire had spread to more than a dozen African countries even as far afield as Australia and Europe earning him the nickname “Napoleon of Africa”. Rautenbach’s company Green Fuel is currently building an ethanol plant that will enable Zimbabwe, which has no oilfields, to produce its own fuel and reduce its fuel import bill.

5. Shingai Mutasa Net worth $142 million Shingai (or Shingi) Mutasa, who was born and grew up in the eastern border town of Mutare, has a net worth of at least US$142 million. Mutasa returned to Zimbabwe in 1980 after completing an Economics degree at University College London and commenced a career in commodity trading and marketing through a family-owned company. Mutasa’s strategic acquisitions strategy propelled him from mere commodity broker to one of the country’s richest men. Hoe now owns TA Holdings, a diversified group listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange, and BP’s refined oil marketing assets in Zimbabwe. 6. Philip Chiyangwa Net worth: US$288 million Businessman and politician Philip Chiyangwa (born 1959) is the founder of the Affirmative Action Group, a chair of Native Africa Investments Ltd and has served as a Zanu-PF MP. He is a cousin of Robert Mugabe. Chiyangwa recently made headlines when his wife of 25 years filed for divorce and demanded a significant share of his wealth valued at US$288 million (£180 million). Elizabeth Chiyangwa sought 85 per cent of her husband’s assets and maintenance of £53,000 a month for 10 years. His listed assets are said to include a Rolls Royce Phantom

| Strive Masiyiwa at the World Remit Forum

worth US$475 000, a Bentley (US$350 000), a Mercedes-Benz GLS (US$300 000), shareholding in 39 companies and interests in over 100 properties. 7. Ben Magara Salary: $1.15 million Bennetor (Ben) Magara has 22 years’ experience in the mining industry. In July 2013 he was appointed Chief Executive Officer of Lonmin plc, the world’s third largest platinum producer and owner of the Marikana Mine where police shot dead 34 protesting workers in August 2012. Magara grew up in rural Masvingo and holds a degree in mining engineering from the University of Zimbabwe. After working at Anglo American’s Hwange Colliery, he was transferred to South Africa in 1994. He previously served as an Executive Head of Engineering & Projects at Anglo American Platinum Limited from November 16, 2009 to December 2012. Bloomberg estimates his salary at £703,167 ($1.15 million). 8. Sifiso Dabengwa Salary: $772,735 Raymond Sifiso Ndlovu Dabengwa was appointed chief executive officer and president of MTN, Africa’s largest mobile operator, in March 2011. In July 2013 he was named the highest paid CEO in the South African telecoms and technology sector, according to MyBroadband. Dabengwa ended the 2012/13 financial year R23.5m richer. This includes a base salary of R8.4m ($772,735), benefits of R1.678m and a bonus of R13.45m. According to the report, he took home R22.528m in the previous financial year. Prior to joining the MTN Group in 1999, he was employed as

Executive Director at South Africa’s electricity generator Eskom. Dabengwa holds a B.Sc. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Zimbabwe and an MBA from Wits University. 9. Divine Ndhlukula Net worth: unknown Divine Ndhlukula is the founder and managing director of DDNS Security Operations, the holding company for Securico Security Services; Canine Dog Services and Multi-link P/L, an electronic security systems company. Ndhlukula founded Securico from humble beginnings in 1999 in her backyard cottage. She started off with four employees and the company has now grown to over 3500 employees. She has built the $13 million company to become the country’s most respected and sought after player in the security industry. Her company is also the first Zimbabwean security company to be certified to the internationally acclaimed ISO9001:2008 Quality Management System. 10. George Guvamatanga Net worth: unknown Guvamatanga grew up in Kambuzuma, Harare. He has been Managing Director and Executive Director of Barclays Bank of Zimbabwe Ltd since January 2008. He previously served as Head of Treasury of the Company and is also the president of the Bankers Association of Zimbabwe. *Note: Had we included politicians, Robert Mugabe would have been top of the list. Mugabe’s riches are rumoured to exceed US$1 billion, the majority of which are likely invested outside Zimbabwe. However, the actual value is unknown because of the secrecy surrounding his investments.


15

thesouthafrican.com | 21 - 27 January 2014 |

Sport

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Limited spaces left for the Winter Active Touch and Winter Touch Leagues! | Active Touch is a new indoor game and is a cross between several sports, including netball, rugby, touch and football. dates for both seasons are still to Common. There will be 3 different ny staff reporter The spaces are filling up for the Winter Active Touch Leagues and The Winter Touch Leagues in London and with only 1 week left to enter your teams into the Active Touch Leagues, places are filling up quickly so you need to get your team entry in as soon as possible so you don’t miss out as Tuesday evenings are now FULL! The first Active Touch League will start the week commencing 20 January 2014 and we will be running 3 different leagues at 2 venues, one league on Monday evenings at Canary Wharf from 18:45 – 19:45 and the other two leagues on Tuesdays and Thursdays in Wandsworth from 18:30 – 19:30. Active Touch is a new indoor game and is a cross between several sports, including netball, rugby, touch and football. The players find it is a great way to keep fit when it’s cold outside while still maintaining your skill level through the winter period as the game is played at an indoor arena or on a basketball court with only 4 mixed players on each team. For more information on the rules of Active Touch or just to have a look at how it is played you can have a look on www.in2touch.com The Winter touch league will commence on Sunday the 16th February 2014 at Clapham

divisions on offer, Men’s, Mixed and Ladies and registrations for this league are now open and the league runs for 8 weeks. You can register a team of up to 14 players or if you don’t have a team you can register as an individual and we can place you in a team for the season. To register you can have a look on our In2Touch website, www.in2touch.com or sending an email to tracy@in2touch.com Touch is played with 6 players on the pitch at all times and you can have up to 8 substitutes which are rolling subs. For a mixed team you must have a minimum of 2 girls on the pitch at all times. Touch is a minimal contact sport with just the slightest touch on the player or ball counts as a touch and each team has 6 touches to try score a touchdown. Touch is played at many different levels starting from very social to representing your country at the Touch World Cup. The next Touch World Cup will take place in Australia in 2015 and it’s gearing up to be the best World Cup yet as touch will be back in its birth place to see which country will be able to take on the two toughest teams, Australia and New Zealand. Spring and Summer are normally the busiest time for touch as the weather will be perfect conditions to socialise with teams mates over a drink after the games. The

Bafana bomb out of CHAN after 3-1 walloping by Nigeria by staff reporter

Bafana Bafana were eliminated from the CHAN 2014 tournament in embarrassing fashion when they were convincingly beaten 3-1 by a well-oiled Super Eagles side missing most of its superstars who won the Africa Cup of Nations last year. In a match in which Bafana needed only a draw to progress to the quarter-finals, the home side again contrived to disappoint its myriad of supporters with a below par performance. A crowd of 36 000 was at Cape Town Stadium, hoping to see Bafana Bafana record only their second win over the Nigerians in nine matches, but they were left disappointed. Bafana Bafana’s poor record against Nigeria continued on Sunday as the Super Eagles won 3-1 to finish top of Group A and deny the hosts a place in the knockout stages of the 2014 African Nations Championship. Under fire Bafana Bafana coach Gordon Igesund later admitted his side were well beaten by Nigeria’s Super Eagles adding he had no excuses for the crushing defeat.

The Bafana coach however, ruled out quitting saying he had tried his best but on the day had no answers to the swashbuckling Super Eagles juggernaut. “Nigeria deserved their victory, they were physically stronger, were hard running and fully capitalised on our glaring mistakes. I am going to offer no excuses; we were today beaten by a better side. “We however, missed some of our regular players especially at the back. But that is no excuse, I will repeat again. We were just not good on the day,” admitted Igesund. The Bafana coach however, insisted he would not throw in the towel unless his employers force him to do so. “I had no mandate going into the CHAN tournament. I think this Bafana team has improved greatly in the last few months. I will continue until my contract runs out in June. But if SAFA think it is high time for me to go, that is fine with me. It is not in my hands,” added the coach who told the media the defeat was not his lowest coaching moment. “I would not say this was my lowest moment. We have to rise up and carry on. “

be confirmed however. Spring will start around late April, early May and Summer will begin in early July with both leagues lasting 8 weeks. There are various leagues around London with many different divisions such as Regents Park, Richmond, Surrey Quays, Putney/Wandsworth, Clapham/ Wandsworth and Clapham Common. Registration for these leagues will open shortly. There are many more tournaments, competitions and leagues throughout the year so to find out about any of the Touch you can have a look on our website, www.in2touch.com or you can send an email to tracy@in2touch.com


Sport

21 -27 JANUARY 2014

Limited spaces left for the Winter Active Touch p15

Bafana bafana bomb out p15

NEWS FOR GLOBAL SOUTH AFRICANS

www.thesouthafrican.com

ALL SET FOR HISTORIC NORTH SOUTH RUGBY CLASH

| South Africans are eagerly awaiting this weekend’s match between Saracens and the Sharks, which promises to be an exciting rugby event on so many levels – England versus South Africa, Heineken Cup against Super Rugby and north versus south by staff reporter Aviva Premiership leaders Saracens face off against reigning Currie Cup champions the C Cell Sharks at Allianz Park this weekend in what Saracens chairmen Nigel Wray has described as a “historic clash”. Wray said, “The interest in this one-off rugby event has been fantastic. This is a historic match. The Sanlam Private Investments Challenge will be the first time ever that the Aviva Premiership leaders have played the Currie Cup champions, and the contest between top teams from the northern and southern hemisphere at full strength has captured everybody’s imagination.” This fixture will be littered with internationals, with newly appointed Sharks captain Bismarck Du Plessis included in the squad to face a Saracens side led by former England skipper Steve Borthwick and also includes former Springboks Schalk Brits, Neil de Kock and Alistair Hargreaves. It will also be the first time that World Cup winning coach Jake White takes charge of the Sharks, as he prepares for the rigours of the 2014 Super 15 season after being appointed Director of Rugby back in October 2013. “Playing Saracens on the artificial turf at Allianz Park is just about the toughest match we could have organised as we conclude our preparations for the new season, but we are excited by the challenge”. For White, this historic north vs south one-off clash will provide the perfect preparation going into their opening fixture against their fierce rivals the Bulls in February. “Saracens have been one of the most consistently successful

| Aviva Premiership leaders Saracens face off against reigning Currie Cup champions the C Cell Sharks at Allianz Park this weekend.

clubs in Europe over the past few years and, with their close SA connections both on the field and in the boardroom, they are followed and supported by almost everybody associated with SArugby. “Saracens play a little bit like the Bulls” revealed White. “They have a big pack of forwards, their set-piece is strong, they kick a lot. It gives me and the coaching staff an opportunity to see

the things we want to do against the Bulls, to have an idea of whether or not we can play against the Bulls in a certain way. “I think it gives us an opportunity from a playing style point of view what we’re up against when we play the Bulls in February,” he added. It will be a fantastic rugby event on so many levels – England versus South Africa, Heineken Cup against Super Rugby, north versus south.

Mark McCall, Saracens Director of Rugby, said, “We played a similar match against the Springboks in 2009, and it turned out to be one of the most memorable occasions in the club’s history. We are eager to test ourselves against one of the leading teams in Super Rugby.” The match kicks off on Saturday 25 January at 2.30pm and will be broadcast live by BT Sport in the UK and by Supersport in South Africa.

Those travelling to the game from South West London can hop on the Saracens Express for just £10 return. The coach route will start at the Savanna Shop, Raynes Park and stop off at The Wandle Pub, Earlsfield and The Larrik Inn, Fulham before making its way to Allianz Park. Saracens Express and match tickets and can be purchased on www.saracens.com

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