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THE 403 TIMES

THE ONLY NEWS YOU’LL WANT TO BEA WAKELING UP TO. Vol. 1 Edition 1

Mar. 9, 2018

ORANGE LUTHERAN JACKS TUITION PRICES TO ELIMINATE FAMILY VAPE BUDGET By Hunter von Tersch Pohrer

As if ambitiously growing the school security team, improving their training, and requiring students to use bulky, inconvenient hall passes to leave class wasn’t enough, Orange Lutheran plans to take the next bold step in trying to clean up the Christian schooling environment. With the new teen nicotine craze pandemically spreading across the country, Southern California takes a big hit (pun intended) as more and more students start to purchase vapes, despite the state’s implementation of a new minimum age requirement for purchasing tobaccobased products to 21 just two years previous. With all other procedures failing for the small Lutheran institution in Orange County, OLu Head of School, Leslie Smith, is convinced she has found the perfect solution for this monstrosity of an issue. That’s right—Lutheran High School of Orange County has announced that tuition will increase another $83,000 starting in the fall of 2018 in effort to eliminate family vape budgets. For the 2017-18 school year, the LHSOC tuition already sat at a discomforting number, picking the pockets of ignorantly wealthy families who want more a little prestige to their name and a few more sprinkles of arrogant pride. But now, now the school has taken a leap far beyond anyone else’s bounds. After applying the new tuition increase, Lutheran High will cost at least $10k more than your average overpriced, prestigious liberal-arts college. When asked, Smith told us, “this is no laughing matter,” to which she struggled to hold back a smirk. “Our students need to continue to take their schooling seriously. We refuse to let some toxic fad plague our education process. This is a collegepreparatory school after all.” College-prep school, indeed, Mrs. Smith—in more than just an academic manner. The intentions of Smith’s authoritative decision are to weed out (ha-ha) the families that aren’t as persistent on their kid attending the school for an academic advantage. Instead, they hope this will attract more, and different, spoiled brats whose parents are willing to take the financial suffering for their kid to hopefully gain a little more scholarship at a mediocre school.


THE CALIFORNIA POT RUSH

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By Ellie Ito Ghost towns in the High Desert area are slowly beginning to transform into lush, blooming grasslands —pun intended. After decades of networking on the black market, marijuana growers and suppliers can legally distribute their product within California’s borders as of January, 2018 (Soboroff). Although recreational marijuana has now been legalized in six states, it remains illegal under federal law and cannot be transported across state boundaries (Smith). Nonetheless, California growers produce marijuana at a rate that exceeds consumption fivefold according to the California Department of Food and Agriculture. So where does this surplus go? It flows right through the lucrative veins of the interstate black market, which is worth approximately 13.5 billion dollars according to the GreenWave Advisors analysis firm. Nat Buttrick, CEO of Madrone California medical dispensary, says that many illegal growers are choosing not to obtain proper licensing as it is often costly, ranging from 5,000-120,000 dollars annually. As stated by Lori Ajax, chief executive of the Bureau of Cannabis Control, the legalization of recreational marijuana will not function as some “magic switch” that will instantly cause the black market to contract. Several growers are hesitant to establish themselves as legal entities, unwilling to give up their interstate connections and fiscal autonomy (Hughes). Furthermore, business owners have to bear the burden of heavy taxes and are often unable to compete with black market prices (Yakowicz) Despite the incredibly lucrative nature of the black market, prices on the legal market are expected to decrease in 2018 as licensed businesses expand. Preexisting medical marijuana companies and wealthy individuals that invested in Prop. 64 have both the incentive and resources to expand their operations and increase sales (Smith). Such corporations will be able to quickly develop the infrastructure necessary for producing marijuana in larger quantities. For example,

18 year-old, Frankie Malloy sniffing buds at the Alpha Medic Booth in San Bernardino, CA. ocregister.com

American Green, a leading medical marijuana company, recently bought Nipton, a scanty California town in San Bernardino County for 5 million dollars. They hope to transform Nipton into a sort of “marijuana mecca” where consumers can smoke freely in addition to enjoying wellness spas, restaurants, and hookah bars (Hughes). Essentially, American Green is aiming to capitalize on the “marijuana experience,” as this is something illegal sellers cannot do. On the black market, marijuana is exchanged impersonally in a brisk, takewhat-you-buy manner (Hughes). As more and more of these state-regulated “marijuana meccas” open their doors to the public, revenue will flow into the legal market and stimulate production. Surpluses can potentially drive down prices to competitive levels and bring about the contraction of the black market (Yakowicz). “If California follows the pattern of other already legalized states,” says John Hudak, deputy director of the Center for Effective Public Policy at the Brookings Institute, “California's black market should be substantially smaller in five years.” The National Cannabis Industry Association, in fact, projects that the industry will be worth 3 billion dollars by the end of 2018, which certainly qualifies as a pot rush.


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THE DECISION

By Mackenzie Napoleon

College admissions. The two words that have the power to cause instant anxiety for desperate students all across the globe. As March comes along, students await to receive the last of their college letters and prepare to deal with rejection, or for the lucky ones, the debate of where to spend the next four years. But why is college admissions so stressful? With thousands of students applying to the same schools all striving for a spot, it’s only natural to worry and wonder “Is my best enough?” According to Kristin O'Rourke, a former school social worker, she believes it’s the lack of control that the students have regarding their admission status that makes them feel so stressed (Why families). College admissions in the current years has driven rates of depression and medication skyhigh, something that was not common four years ago. But with so many students overwhelmed with the insanely high standards that every college wants, the one thing every student needs to realize is that it’s not where they go to college, it is what they do there that counts. Author Frank Bruni of the book “Where You Go Is Not Who You’ll Be” says that, “College admissions is out of whack and even that rejection can be a wonderful thing. Most of life is about rebounding from mistakes, rebounding from failures, rebounding from disappointments, and to have that happen to you when you’re 17 or 18, and to master it, I mean, that’s an incredible gift.” While it may seem like the end of the world not to a student not getting into their dream school, they must keep in mind, it’s just the beginning of a whole new chapter. Once a student is a senior in college, all of their old scores will be far behind them; their SAT and high school GPA will be meaningless. Despite whatever the admission letter may say, accepted or not, every student must keep keep in mind there’s always something better waiting for College Admissions Office Jim R. Bounds / Bloomberg via Getty Images them (Ganga).


THE FALL OF ZAZA.

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By Ellie Ito Zaza Pachulia, the bumbling, 6’11 big man of the Golden State Warriors, has been bombarded with accusations of intentionally falling on Russell Westbrook’s leg during the Dubs’ 112-80 victory over the Thunder on Saturday. Several players around the league have openly voiced their opinions on the fall. An irritated Westbrook was quite frank with the media after the game. Here’s a segment of his post-game interview (Haynes). Westbrook: "What did it look like? What it look like? Anybody touch him? Yes or no?” Reporter: "I didn't see the replay.” Westbrook: "Oh, you didn't see it? But why you asking about something you didn't see? Well then if you didn't see it, don't ask me a question. Don't ask me dumb questions, man. Obviously, it was intentional. So don't ask me if it was intentional. Nobody touched him, he fell on my leg, tried to hurt me. But hey, that's how it goes.” Teammate Paul George also felt that the fall was intentional (Haynes). When asked about the play, he accused Pachulia of aiming his fall and said, “That’s Zaza making a Zaza play.” When watching the replay shot from the baseline, it does certainly appear that the fall was intentional as Pachulia had no forward momentum prior to the fall. An alternate camera angle from the sideline, however, revealed that the foot of Warriors’ shooting guard Nick Young collided with the back of Pachulia’s knee, The Fall. ftw.usa.com causing him to fold rather suddenly on top of Westbrook. Pachulia’s teammate, Kevin Durant was quick to come to Pachulia’s defense, linking the fall instead to Pachulia’s clumsiness. “I don’t think he was trying to hurt anyone,” Durant adamantly said. He later expressed relief that Westbrook was not seriously injured during the play (Haynes). So is Zaza Pachulia a dirty player or is he simply an innocent havoc-maker that can’t always control his massive body? Despite players and fans arguing on both sides, Pachulia does have a history of making apparently “dirty” plays, notably during the 2017 Western Conference finals. In the first game of the Warriors-Spurs matchup, Pachulia slid his foot into the landing space of Spurs’ star forward Kawhi Leonard, causing him to reinjure his already shaky ankle and taking him out of the series. Fans, sports writers, players, and coaches called the play “unnatural” and derisively named Pachulia the “MVP” of the series as the Warriors were able to easily sweep the Kawhi-less Spurs (Ingrassia). Whether this move was intentional remains uncertain, although Pachulia did not face any discipline from the league and called the accusations “stupid” (Conway). Not to mention, Pachulia does have some on-court history with Westbrook. During a regular season game in the 2016-2017 season, Pachulia rammed Westbrook to the hardwood and stood over him as he writhed facedown on the floor in pain. Although Pachulia called it nothing but a “hard foul,” Westbrook swore that he was going to “get [Pachulia’s] a** back” during the next matchup (Wassink). So here are the current standings of the Pachulia-Westbrook duel: Pachulia—2, Westbrook—0. The Warriors will face the Thunder on April 4.


THE NEED FOR INCLUSIVE CITIES, WHERE WILL YOU BE LIVING IN 2050?

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By Mackenzie Napoleon

According to The World Bank—an organization that has the goal of working towards sustainable solutions that will reduce poverty and establish prosperity within developing countries— more than half of the world’s population lives within a city. However, due to the current population growth and economic changes, this proportion will reach 70% by the year of 2050. Cities are typically the main focal point and location for activities that are crucial when it comes to the development of a country. Cities account for approximately 80% of the gross New York Skyline, Pinterest domestic product that are generated worldwide. Cities contain trading spots, commerce, government job sites, and public transportation. With the urbanization of cities escalating the global economy and increasing inequality; this process that occurs within the cities can disturb steady development progress. These circumstances cause communities on an international scale to realize the need for more inclusive cities—cities that include a wide variety of citizens and activities and maintain wealth by avoiding marginalization. While tomorrow’s cities can provide opportunities for all, it is important to understand that the concept of inclusive cities includes multiple spatial, social and economic factors. Urbanization is the most significant and positive factor with this extreme global development movement, because it provides the possibility to create opportunities for better lives. The spatial, social, and economic factors of urbanization are connected, and often times reinforce each other. These factors have the power to trap people into a life of poverty and marginalization, or lift these people up and out of exclusion and into better and improved lives (Inclusive). With global development rapidly increasing, where do you think you will be living in 2050?


THE KETOGENIC DIET: WHAT IT IS AND WHY YOU SHOULDN’t DO!6 IT By Ellie Ito When did an eating regimen originally designed to reduce seizure frequency in epileptic children become one of America’s trendiest, most widelyadopted diets? Over the past few years, the ketogenic diet has been glorified on social media and in scientific literature as the surefire way to shed major inches. But is it safe? The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, moderateprotein, low-carb diet with dietary fats comprising 70-75% of total daily caloric intake. It is recommended that the average individual consume no more than 30 grams of net carbs (total carbohydrate - fiber = net) daily in order to reach ketosis, a metabolic state in which the body burns fat for energy instead of glucose (Ballantyne). Proponents of the ketogenic diet report loss of fat mass and reduced appetite. A 2013 study performed by P. Sumithran et al. showed suppressed levels of ghrelin, an appetite-stimulating hormone, amongst adults in full ketosis. Generally, a loss of 8.5% of original body weight leads to a spike in ghrelin levels, thereby increasing appetite. No such spike was observed amongst the ketotic subjects. In fact, the study showed a significant decrease in ghrelin levels at the end of the 8-week experimental period and the subjects reported reduced hunger overall. So what does this mean? Going keto may be one of the optimal ways to lose weight, as reduced hunger levels will make it easier to achieve a caloric deficit and decreases the likelihood of an individual “bingeing” after a period of caloric restriction (Blum). Keto-dieters claim that they have effectually turned their bodies into fat-burning machines. As keto bodybuilder, Logan Delgado states, “Overnight, you just see your body transform.” Sounds too good to be true, right? In fact, scientific literature shows that it just might be. Adverse effects of the ketogenic diet include GI irregularities, increased inflammatory markers, muscle cramps, impaired mood and concentration, acute pancreatitis, cardiomyopathy, and heart arrhythmia. These extremely relevant reactions frequently stem from nutrient deficiency (Ballantyne). Due to the extremely restrictive nature of the ketogenic diet, it is difficult to obtain essential nutrients without supplementation. When in ketosis, the body flushes out excess sodium that is no longer needed to absorb glucose. In order to maintain the sodiumpotassium ion balance necessary to fuel neurological function, the body also eliminates potassium.

Sodium and potassium play critical roles in regulating blood pressure, muscle contractions, and nerve signaling (Titlow). When these electrolytes are below desired levels, an individual may experience an array of adverse effects ranging from slight muscle tremors to severe heart palpitations depending on the degree of deficiency (Low). Although there are several drawbacks to going keto, the human body is extremely adaptable and does not necessarily “prefer” glucose over fat as an energy source (Titlow). The simple reason why people should be wary of the keto-craze is that the ketogenic diet is extreme and unsustainable (Ballantyne). It requires painstaking attention to detail and tremendous discipline. Many people report having spontaneous carb binges, especially at family gatherings and social outings. Lorenz Mac, a strict keto-dieter recalls eating “at LEAST 400 grams of carbs” during Christmas. Binge-like tendencies like those exhibited by Lorenz are attributable to severe restriction and often indicate that the body is lacking specific nutrients (Blum). With any restrictive diet, whether it be a low-fat or high-fat diet, the tendency to binge increases and minimizes progress. Ultimately, an individual can reap tremendous benefits from the ketogenic diet provided that they consume adequate micronutrients and electrolytes. Due to its restrictive nature, however, it’s simply too easy to fall off the wagon when the carbs begin calling out (Blum). A more flexible and practical approach to dieting will provide BALANCE for the body and yield similar results while still allowing an individual the freedom to indulge a little. :)

Foods commonly consumed on the ketogenic diet. WebMD.com


THE FLorida Shooting Massacre: An Exact TIMELine

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By Mackenzie Napoleon On February 14th, 2018 at 2:21pm, nineteen year old Nikolas Cruz invaded his former high school, Marjory Stonemason Douglas High School, and took the lives of seventeen students and faculty members, along with injuring fourteen others who were in critical condition. According to local reports, at 2:06pm, Cruz was picked up by an Uber driver who dropped him off at the high school at 2:19pm. Two minutes later, Cruz entered the building through the east stairwell with his gun in hand and went through all three floors of the building shooting students and teachers who were in the classrooms and hallways.Chaos fell upon the campus as students desperately tried to run away. After covering all three floors, Cruz left the high school and ran to a local Walmart where he purchased a drink at the subway inside. At 2:53pm, deputies responded to the call of a shooter which was then confirmed by the sheriff office via twitter, “#BSO is working a developing incident regarding a report of active shooter located at 5901 Pine Island Rd, Parkland. Here's what we know so far: deputies are responding to reports of a shooting at Stoneman Douglas High. There are reports of victims. PIO will be on scene 3:15pm. —Broward Sheriff (@browardsheriff).” At 2:55pm local news stations began to get involved and everyone was warned to stay clear of the high school. At 3:10pm, Cruz was spotted briefly at a McDonalds and also at this time, students began to post tweets about the traumatic event they just experienced. At 3:30pm, all surrounding schools went into lock down—as reports of additional sounds of gunfire were said to be heard. At 3:41pm, Cruz was finally detained by a Coconut Creek Police Officer; he was in custody at 4:11pm. At 4:45pm, Florida’s Senator, Bill Nelson, posted a tweet regarding the shooting, “Our worst fears are being realized. It looks like it’s a number of fatalities. Praying for all those students, families and school members affected at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School.” — Bill Nelson (@SenBillNelson)

At 5:39pm, students in Marjory Stonemason Douglas High School were finally being released to their parents. The next day, February 15th, Cruz was charged with seventeen counts of premeditated murder and is being held without bail. According to the judge, despite Cruz being no stranger to law enforcement, all of his previous files are ordered to be kept closed. Later on in the day, Trump addressed the nation by saying this massacre was “a scene of terrible violence, hatred, and evil,” while vowing to work with the state and local leaders to help “secure our schools and tackle the difficult issue of mental health.” Two weeks later, on February 28th, the high school reopened, yet with certain areas still closed off (Farber).

Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School via The Independent US


NEW SNAPCHAT UPDATE LEAVES TEENs ENRAGED

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By Hunter von Tersch Pohrer

thedailybeast.com

Simplicity was the goal of Snapchat’s newest software update—however, according to every teenage member of the social media platform, it did just the opposite. Snapchat decided to start off the new year with a new look—adding users’ stories and direct messages to the same page, while more distinctly separating them from sponsored content and product advertisements. On paper, it sounded like a genius idea; but on the screen, it’s complete shđ&#x;’Š t. The ‘Friends’ page is no longer solely organized by recent activity; instead, people posting to their story will increase their priority on your page, throwing the listed order of people out of whack. This can, and already has, led to a multitude of issues within the snapchatting community; most notably, we can safely assume, being the dilemma of sending those [f]risky photos to your ex instead of your new man. The next major problem people have with the update is the ‘Discover’ page. Before, you used to be able to subscribe or unsubscribe to certain sponsored stories that appeal to your own hobbies or interests. However, now the dynamic has changed. While your ability to subscribe or unsubscribe to different stories has changed, their order of priority does not change; this means that if you really want to see the ESPN Sportscenter Snapchat story, you may have to scroll down a mile and a half before you get to it. Not to mention that a variety of celebrities’ stories will show up as well— many who you’ve never heard of, nor do you care about. In terms of caring, it seems like Snapchat has stopped when it comes to consumer approval.

Teenagers across the board are up in flames about their beloved—well, formerly beloved—social media app’s newest software update. Don’t believe me? Well lucky for you, these distressed, hormonal, emotional high school and college students took to their next favorite platform to complain about it. On January 10, 2018, Twitter blew up from people expressing their beef with Snapchat’s “new year, new me� mentality. There was no Twitter war over whether or not the update was good, nobody (including Snapchat themselves) really defended the update; everyone just bashed on the change, begging the company to change it back. “PLEASE @Snapchat I'm literally begging take back the update I've never felt so strongly about something pLEASE I CANT HANDLE IT� — Kahla (@KahlaJade) “It’s been an amazing 5 year ride. @Snapchat I just hate your update I’m sorry.� — Katie (@KTsimcik) All in all, everyone hates this change. If you don’t, then I really doubt you’re an avid Snapchatter. This is blasphemy—a change made to spite the people. They are asking for a revolt. Well, if a revolt is what you want, Snapchat, then a revolt is what you’ll get. Fear your users.


IS THE NFL RIGGED?

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By Jordan Eisenmann There are many instances that people could point to, in order to prove that the correct the answer is yes. The instance covered below is a referee celebrating with the Patriots. In the playoff game between the Jaguars and Patriots, a referee can be seen “celebrating” with the Patriots on two separate occasions. In the first instance, the referee was smiling and was right next to the Patriots after they scored a touchdown. While this is true, it is missing context. The touchdown was a 1-yard scoring play, meaning both teams had all of their players directly in front of the endzone. After the Patriots scored, there was a scrum between the players on each team. As the other referees separated the players, the accused referee appeared to say something to the Patriot’s players. While nobody could not be 100 percent sure, it is likely he was giving them a warning. The smile on the other hand could have just been caused by excitement of the game becoming a close one after the score, or nervousness of being in a potentially harmful situation. Most fans of the sport have a team they root for, but there are a few who choose to remain neutral. For these fans, the best outcome is a close, intense game. The referees are not supposed to demonstrate bias in their calls; therefore, the close game may have caused his grin. In the second instance, the NFL Refs Blatantly Celebrating Patriots referee walked up to Tom Brady directly after the game TDs. wktysports.com and congratulated him. Again, this seems to solidify the claim of cheating, but it can be diffused once again with common sense. In the playoffs, all the referees are highly qualified; therefore, they have been in the league for a while. Being in the league like the NFL, players and referees are close to and have respect for one another. The referee congratulating Tom Brady could be coming from a place of respect, not collusion. With all the evidence in context it is up to each person to decide one way or the other.

Tax Bracket By Jordan Eisenmann In this article the numbers are going to be taken from the table. With Trump’s new tax plan everyone is wondering how it will affect them. On one side, the White House is saying it will benefit for most Americans while the Democratic party is calling it a tax cut for the rich. In this article there will be a breakdown of the tax levels and how each bracket will affect people. To start off, it is important to know the U.S. tax system is compound meaning the percentages only apply to the money made in each specific bracket. For example, a person with the income of $38,000 will experience two brackets. The first $9,525 will be taxed at 10 percent, while the remaining $28,475 will be taxed at 12 percent. The new tax bracket has lower percentages, and a higher income to cap the percentages at a lower income compared to the previous plan. This means people will pay less of a percentage of their taxable income. People at the upper end of the brackets are now in a lower bracket, so they will experience a greater difference. For example, a person making $38,000 will have to pay 12 percent compared to the 25 percent in 2017. People making a greater income, $200,001-


!10 $500,000, will pay 35 percent which only people making $416,701- $418,400 would have paid the 35 percent. This means the people at the lower end will be moving up a tax bracket, while the upper end will be paying the same percentage. Finally, the highest earning Americans, making over half a million dollars, will have a decrease in percentage from 39.6 to 37. Overall, the tax bracket gives a tax cut to every American except to those making hundreds of thousand of dollars. Now going back to the two perceptions of the tax plan, they are both correct. The Democrats are correct in saying the richest Americans will receive a tax cut; however, this is true for most Americans, especially the middle class, validating the Republicans claim. In general, the only people who will be affected negatively as a result of the new tax plan are Americans in the top percentiles, meaning only a small percent of Americans have to worry about an increase in taxes.


Tell us a story

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By Hunter von Tersch Pohrer

Q: Tell me a story about how people survive in Minnesota. I’ve heard it’s a frozen, tundra-like, barren... well, not wasteland, but pretty close—with some Targets, of course. A: The cold invades our houses, waking us up at dawn—the chill becomes too much to sleep through. Outside our window, snow falls in clumps the size of baseballs. The house gets exponentially colder as the fire in the living room continues to dwindle. The snow’s weight annually tackles powerlines to the ground, leaving majority of the Minnesota grid down and powerless. We are left here to our own devices, stranded with nothing but our primitive instincts to keep us alive. Wind gusts shake the walls and icicles hang from the ceiling of our wooden cabins. To prepare for another treacherous day, we must start by putting on two pairs of boots—a regular boot acquired from our local winter-gear retailer and a government-issued boot, which everyone receives before the first snowfall of the year. The Minnesota government boot is supplied with eight-inch spikes, which enable us to walk through the thick sheets of ice that cover the land. Once our feet are secured, we can finally prepare the rest of our body for the blistering cold. After hours—yes, hours—of tedious layering, only the eyes are left exposed to ensure that the cold of winter does not permeate our snow suits, which we make out of old tarps and pillowcases stuffed with newspapers, hay, and leftover insulin from the attic. The suits are a reflective, safety-orange, so we can find the bodies of the frozen dead that litter the hills. Now, we are ready to embark on our winter pilgrimage— never certain if we will even survive. We will travel in packs for safety, but if one falls, they are left behind to form a new pack… or to be eaten. We walk together in hordes, pinterest.com


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blinded and freezing, climbing small mountains of snow and ice, until we see it in the distance: Target. The red sign is our winter sun—it illuminates hope like a beacon over the horizon. We stumble towards it as fast as we can, climbing over each other needy and clumsily. Finally, we start to crawl the last handful of meters across the parking lot because our legs have gone numb. And when we make it through the doors, emergency crews are there to wrap us in heat blankets and give us Starbucks. Some never make it this far. It is a perilous journey, but one we must make. Together, from November to April, we are strong. We are cold. We are Minnesotan.

desertnews.com


Illegal Immigration

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By Jordan Eisenmann America has always been a nation of immigrants; however, today we face the problem of illegal immigration. A great place to start is to define an illegal immigrant. Illegal immigrants are people who entered the country without completing proper procedures or people who stayed after their authorization has expired. According to FAIR-Federation for American Immigration Reform-- there are 12.5 million illegal immigrants living in the United States, as of 2017. While everyone wants a better life in America, there are procedures in place that must be followed. People who come into the country legally work hard to complete tasks in order to become citizens. It is a shame the legal immigrants have to earn their way in just to see the illegal immigrants being rewarded and protected, while they go uncelebrated. The illegal immigrants do not have to pay

taxes, yet receive benefits anyways. It is not only a factor of law, but it is also a fiscal issue. In order to keep the Dreamers in the country it will cost 25.9 billion dollars over the next decade, according to the Congressional Budget Office. When our country is already 20 trillion dollars in debt and climbing, it cannot be giving handouts to people who are not even supposed to be living here. Even when looking at the situation from a numbers prospective, keeping the illegal immigrants in the country would only help 12.5 million people, while hurting 325,719,178 Americans, which is the total number of Americans estimated by the United States Census Bureau. Finally, creating laws based on emotion rather than structured guidelines would create a spiral that would continue to get out of control. The two major political parties each have an opinion on the

issue and how to confront it. As stated by Democrats.org, the Democratic party favors giving the illegal immigrants legal status and will only target criminals, not the families. On the other hand, the Republican party would like to ensure illegal immigrants do not receive the same benefits as citizens, and would push for extra resources to keep out illegal immigrants. At the same time, they would love to welcome legal immigrants in the country. There is a party for everybody regardless of each person's viewpoint.


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Table of Contents Breaking News: ORANGE LUTHERAN JACKS TUITION PRICES TO ELIMINATE FAMILY VAPE BUDGET—Hunter von Tersch Pohrer (pg. 1) Current Event: THE CALIFORNIA POT RUSH—Ellie Ito (pg. 2) Human Interest: THE DECISION—Mackenzie Napoleon (pg. 3) Sports Article: THE FALL OF ZAZA—Ellie Ito (pg. 4) World Topic: THE NEED FOR INCLUSIVE CITIES, WHERE WILL YOU BE LIVING IN 2050?— Mackenzie Napoleon (pg. 5) Persuasive Article: THE KETOGENIC DIET: WHAT IT IS AND WHY YOU SHOULDN’T DO IT— Ellie Ito (pg. 6) U.S. Topic: THE FLORIDA SHOOTING MASSACRE: AN EXACT TIMELINE—Mackenzie Napoleon (pg. 7) Public Opinion: NEW SNAPCHAT UPDATE LEAVES TEENS ENRAGED—Hunter von Tersch Pohrer (pg. 8) Sports: IS THE NFL RIGGED?—Jordan Eisenmann (pg. 9) Researched U.S. Topic: TAX BRACKETS—Jordan Eisenmann (pg. 9-10) Column Piece: TELL US A STORY—Hunter von Tersch Pohrer (pg. 11-12) Editorial: ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION—Jordan Eisenmann (pg. 13)


!15 Works Cited Ballantyne, Sarah. “Adverse Reactions to Ketogenic Diets: Caution Advised.” The Paleo Mom, 2015, www.thepaleomom.com Blum, Kenneth, et al. “Dopamine and Glucose, Obesity, and Reward Deficiency Syndrome.” Frontiers in Psychology, 17 Sept. 2014, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00919. Cole, Lauren Lyons. “Here's How Your Tax Bracket Will Change in 2018.” Business Insider, Business Insider, 14 Feb. 2018, www.businessinsider.com Conway, Tyler. “Zaza Pachulia Says It Is 'Stupid' to Think He Injured Kawhi Leonard on Purpose.” Bleacher Report, Bleacher Report, 2 Nov. 2017, bleacherreport.com Farber, Madeline. “Florida school shooting timeline.” Fox News, FOX News Network, 22 Feb. 2018, www.foxnews.com Ganga, Elizabeth. “Some students feeling college-Admission stress.” USA Today, Gannett Satellite Information Network, 26 Mar. 2015, www.usatoday.com Haynes, Chris. “Russell Westbrook: Zaza Pachulia Fell on My Leg, Tried to Hurt Me.” ESPN, ESPN Internet Ventures, 25 Feb. 2018, www.espn.com Hughes, Trevor. “Bought by a Marijuana Company, Small California Town on Way to Becoming Pot Mecca.” USA Today, Gannett Satellite Information Network, 14 Nov. 2017, www.usatoday.com Immigration Reform. www.democrats.org/issues/immigration-reform. “Inclusive Cities.” World Bank, The World Bank , www.worldbank.org Ingrassia, Nunzio. “Gregg Popovich Accuses Zaza Pachulia of 'Totally Unnatural Closeout' on Kawhi Leonard.” FOX Sports, 15 May 2017, www.foxsports.com


!16 Joseph, Andrew. “The First Person to Congratulate Tom Brady after the Patriots' Win Was a Ref.” USA Today, Gannett Satellite Information Network, 21 Jan. 2018, ftw.usatoday.com Linge, Mary Kay. “Keeping 'Dreamers' Would Cost Taxpayers $26B over next Decade: CBO.”New York Post, New York Post, 16 Dec. 2017, nypost.com “Low Potassium Level.” Edited by Laura J. Martin, PennState Hershey: Milton S., Hershey Medical Center, 21 May 2017, pennstatehershey.adam.com Mack, Lorenz. “How to Get Back Into Ketosis After Bingeing on Holiday Carbs.” That Keto Guy, thatketoguy.com “QuickFacts.” U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: UNITED STATES, www.census.gov Quinn, Sam. Jan 21, 2018 • 1 min read Update Jan 21, 2018, 9:41pm. “WATCH: Referee Appears to Celebrate Patriots Touchdown.” CBSSports.com, 21 Jan. 2018, www.cbssports.com Raley, Spencer. “How Many Illegal Immigrants Are in the US?” How Many Illegal Immigrants Are in the US? | FAIRus.org, fairus.org RepublicanViews.org. “Home.” Republican Views, 25 Nov. 2014, www.republicanviews.org Sikes, Robert. “Logan Delgado on Transforming His Physique and Mentality With Keto!” Keto Savage: Primal Performance, 18 Nov. 2017, ketosavage.com Smith, S.E. “Legal Pot in California: Everything We Know.” Rolling Stone, Rolling Stone, 31 May 2017, www.rollingstone.com


!17 Soboroff, Jacob, and Mitch Koss. “California Has Approved Legal Pot, but Black Market Growers Thrive.” NBCNews.com, NBCUniversal News Group, 21 Nov. 2017, www.nbcnews.com Sumithran, P., and A. “Ketosis and Appetite-Mediating Nutrients and Hormones After Weight Loss.” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1 May 2013, doi:10.1038/ejcn.2013.90. Titlow, Matt. “ The Definitive Guide to Micronutrients in the Keto Diet.” Compound Solutions, Leading Nutraceutical Distribution Company, 20 Feb. 2017, www.compoundsolutions.com
 Wassink, Zac. “Zaza Pachulia Fouls, Stares Down Russell Westbrook.” Bleacher Report, Bleacher Report, 12 Apr. 2017, bleacherreport.com “Why families stress too much about college admissions.” PBS, Public Broadcasting Service, 17 Mar. 2015, www.pbs.org Yakowicz, Will. “Legal Cannabis Entrepreneurs in California Get a Rude Awakening: A Thriving Black Market.” Inc.com, Inc., 4 Jan. 2018, www.inc.com


!18 Staff Page • Hunter von Tersch Pohrer - Breaking News Piece: Orange Lutheran Jacks Tuition Prices To Eliminate Family Vape Budget - Column Piece: Tell Us A Story - Public Opinion: New Snapchat Update Leaves Teens Enraged • Jordan Eisenmann - Editorial: Illegal Immigration - Researched U.S. Topic: Tax Bracket - Sport News: Is The NFL Rigged? • Ellie Ito - Informative Current Event: The California Pot Rush - Persuasive Editorial: The Keto Diet: What It Is And Why You Shouldn’t Do It - Sports News: The Fall of ZaZa • Mackenzie Napoleon - Human Interest: The Decision - U.S. Topic: The Florida School Shooting Massacre: An Exact Timeline - World Topic: The Need for Inclusive Cities, Where Will You Be Living In 2050?

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