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Kids World Copy Editor Sarah Smith • frontdoor@cumberlink.com

Tuesday, January 22, 2013

cumberlink.com/kidsworld

Kids Speak Out

Tell Me A Story

If I were a superhero, I ... “If I were a superhero, I would spy on people. I would make sure that they were being good. I think it would be cool because I would get to wear a black suit with swords. I would also get to be on top of buildings!” Peyton Weekley, 6 (WINNER) First grade Newville Elementary “If I were a superhero, I would ask a cop if any person was in trouble or hurt. I would go and save them if they were hurt and in trouble. That is why I am a good person.” Russell Pace, 9 (WINNER) Fourth grade Fishing Creek Elementary “If I were a superhero, I would fly all around and help the people that were in danger and I would help the elderly walk across the road. I would beat up the bad guys, too, and that is it.” Abby Good, 9 (WINNER) Fourth grade Fishing Creek Elementary “If I were a superhero, I would have night vision and I would have laser eyes and I could talk to fish and my name would be Superboy and I would be very strong.” Ian, 7 Second grade Bellaire Elementary

away.” Sydney Young, 10 Fourth grade Crestivew Elementary “If I were a superhero I would have golden hair and the power to help the Earth. I would live in a flower. I would use my power to help the Earth stay strong and to help people. They will live in a safe, beautiful place.” Emily Seifert, 8 Grade 2B St. Patrick School “If I were a superhero, I would want to be somebody who could have the power of having the best athletic ability. For all the sports I play, so I could go to the big leagues.” Austin Orris, 9 Fourth grade Crestview Elementary “If I were a superhero, I would be Gum Girl! I would make robbers stick on walls. And they would not be allowed to eat the gum because it dried really fast. My sidekick would be Gum Boy. He would come with me everyday. I don’t know how I turned into a superhero, but I am! I know every-

“If I were a superhero, I would fly through the city saving people. It would be fun. I would meet superheros. We would fight crime. We would have a party every time we beat a big monster.” Ethan, 7 Second grade Bellaire Elementary “If I were a superhero, I would be Iron Man because he never loses in a battle.” Bailey Wirt, 10 Foruth grade Fishing Creek Elementary “If I were a superhero, I would have metal abs and invisibility. I can breathe fire, and I can fly. My sidekick is NogDog. My brother is also my sidekick. His name is BoomBoy. We are The Terrific Three. Our hideout is in a volcano. We saw a bad guy in our hideout. The bad guy’s name is Goldpaws. His powers are gold nails of doom. His sidekick is VocanoBoy. When we went in, he shot us with his lazer gun, but we dodged his attack. We got him and put him in jail. We did our work, and we saved the day!” Mathew Balas, 8 Grade 2A St. Patrick School “If I were a superhero, I would be called Cat Lady and rescue cats from trees. After getting each cat down, I would give them cat treats, a scratching post and catnip. Then I’d fly

thing! This year I am superhero of the week! I solved four mysteries today! Guess what? My birthday is every day! I have so many friends. I have 80,000 friends! One time I found a robber in the bank. A bank robbery! But my friends came and brought me to their house before I could do anything. Then everybody got mad at me. They ran me out of town and I lost my job.” SaMyra Rupp, 7 Grade 2A St. Patrick School “If I were a superhero, I would have super vision, flying power and super strength. I’d use my super vision to see the bad guy’s plans. With my super strength and my laser beams, I will fight in Hawaii and don’t tell, my base is in a VOLCANO! The bad guy’s name is Magoo Frank Cupcake. The men are made of stone. I can win easily by cutting the stone with the laser beam. My powers will be able to defeat Magoo Frank Cupcake.” Chance Vincent White, 9 Third grade Mooreland Elementary “If I were a superhero, I would be able to turn into anything I want. I would have every power. I would also be able to create anything I want. In my free time, I would have fun and play. I would also fight crime. I would also use my powers for hurt-free play!” Sarah Sheperd, 9 Fourth grade Crestview Elementary “If I were a superhero, I would skip school and fly all over the city and help people that are hurt and I would help my family all the time. I would work all day and night long.” Ella, 9 Fourth grade Crestview Elementary “If I were a superhero, I would be Wonderwoman and fight bad guys. I would also help Superman and the other heroes. I would use super powers and weapons to defeat the bad guys.” Tava Derr, 8 Sporting Hill Elementary

How you can get involved with Kids Speak Out Want To See Your Name Here? Hey, kids! How would you like to get your story published in Kids Speak Out? Just write a short story on one of our prompts and send it to The Sentinel. You can also draw a picture to go with your story. Each week, The Sentinel will publish some of the stories we receive in KidsWorld and on www.cumberlink. com. Only the top three essay writers, published on this page, will receive KidsWorld T-shirts. To claim T-shirts, visit The Sentinel during normal business hours. You must be 5 to 13 years old to enter. Stories must be 150 words or less. Be sure to include your full name, age, address, school and grade. Mail your entry to “Kids Speak Out,” The Sentinel, 457 E. North St., Carlisle, PA 17013, drop it off at either Sentinel office or mail it to frontdoor@cumberlink.com with the subject “KidsWorld.”

The Sentinel • D1

Upcoming Topics Due Jan. 25 If I could invent anything... Due Feb. 1 If I became president... Due Feb. 8 The best valentine I ever received was... Due Feb. 15 If I were a groundhog...

‘Mother Cheetah’s Children’

A tale from southern Africa BY Amy Friedman Illustrated by Jillian Gilliland

One day at dawn in southern Africa, a lazy hunter woke to the sound of his children’s wails. “Go hunt some food for the children,” his wife said. The hunter nodded sleepily and slowly walked outside. “Ah, already it’s hot,” he said, looking up at the brightening sky. The sun was beginning to rise. “It will be too hot to work today,” he yawned, but his wife called out, “Don’t come home empty-handed.” The hunter waved and ambled into the bush. Soon he spied Mother Cheetah stalking a fine, fat springbok. He stood and watched admiringly as she moved first with stealth and then with speed. In the distance, the man spotted Mother Cheetah’s cubs lying beneath the shade of a tree. They too watched, wide-eyed, as Mother Cheetah chased the springbok. When she leapt upon the creature, the cubs and the lazy hunter gasped. The cubs, knowing they soon would eat, purred happily. “Ah, Mother Cheetah,” the man said, “you are a fine hunter. If only I possessed your patience, speed and skill.” But the man shook his head. “Too much work in this heat,” he said. “Far too much work.” But then he smiled. “There’s no need to work so hard,” he said to himself as he watched her pull her prey toward the three little cubs. “I will simply steal one of the cubs and train him to be my hunter. Then I shall never have to work another day.” The hunter stayed where he was all that day, watching Mother Cheetah as she tended her cubs. He knew once the sun began to set, Mother Cheetah would leave her cubs to hunt. He would wait for his chance. He curled up and fell asleep beneath a tree. As the sun began to set, the hunter woke and looked to see Mother Cheetah as she nuzzled her little cubs goodbye. She ran off into the bush, and as soon as she was out of sight, the lazy hunter crept up to the lair where the three cubs lay sleeping. “Now which one shall I take?” he wondered aloud, and the cubs woke and began to shiver. They did not like the sight of this man, but they were shy creatures, and they would never harm a man. “I suppose I ought to take them all,” he decided, for he was not only lazy, he was greedy too. “Three children I have, three cubs I shall take,” he said, and he picked them up and carried them back to his home. As the moon rose, the creatures of the bush began their nightly routine. Zebras and hyenas called out in the night, and springbok and other antelope gathered at watering holes. Mother Cheetah watched closely, and when her chance came, she leapt to catch her evening’s prey. Once she had supper, she quickly returned to her lair. Alas, her children were gone. She called out to them, and her voice sounded in the night like a wailing, moaning bird. She called and called, but then she realized her children were gone. She lay down in the tall grass and began to cry, for beyond everything else in the world, Mother Cheetah loved her cubs. Tears splashed down her cheeks, staining the fur beneath her watery eyes. She wept long and loudly all through the night. At sunrise, an old man passing by heard her cries. He ran to see what had happened. When he saw what the trouble was, he decided to search for her cubs. Her broken heart broke his. He ran back to his village, calling out, “Who has seen Mother Cheetah’s cubs?” When he came upon the lazy hunter’s hut, he spied three little cubs trapped in a cage. He knocked upon the lazy man’s door. “You have dishonored us all,” he said to the lazy hunter. “You know the hunt requires you to use your own skill and strength. You must not use others to help yourself.” The lazy man laughed. “These are my cheetahs now,” he said. “I’ll use them as I please.” The old man shook his head and went to see the village elders. He sat with them and told the whole story. When the elders heard of the lazy man’s crime, they banished him from their village. “From this day on, we will look after your wife and children, and we will care for them with honor,” they said. “You must leave forever.” The old man picked up the little cheetahs and returned to the bush. He went directly to Mother Cheetah’s lair, and there he found her, weeping still. When she looked up and saw her cubs, she sprang up with joy and cradled the tiny creatures to her breast. Alas, Mother Cheetah had wept so long and so hard, the dark stains on her face remained, and ever since that day, Mother Cheetah’s descendants are born with the stain of


Kids World Copy Editor Sarah Smith • frontdoor@cumberlink.com

cumberlink.com/kidsworld

D2 • The Sentinel

Tuesday, January 22, 2013

04-1 (13)

release dates: January 26-February 1

Mini Spy . . .

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Mini Spy and her friends are playing marbles, which are MADEOFMATTER3EEIFYOUCANFIND sEXCLAMATIONMARK sBREADLOAF sTOOTH sBANANA sRULER sPENCIL sLETTER! sLADDER sLETTER( sSTRAWBERRY sLETTER$ sLEAFsKITE sLETTER% sARROW sBELL sCHEESEWEDGE sLETTER4

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Exploring the Stuff Around Us

What Is Matter? Taking up space

photo courtesy NASA

The Hubble Space Telescope is made of matter. It is a tool we use to expand the reach of our senses, searching out matter throughout the universe.

*The gravity on the moon is about onesixth as much as it is on Earth, so things weigh about one-sixth as much on the moon.

Everything we can detect with our five senses is matter. If we can hear, touch, taste, see or smell something, it is matter. Matter also includes a bunch of stuff we can’t hear, touch, taste, see or smell. Sometimes we need special instruments to “see� matter. We might need a microscope, a telescope or even more powerful tools.

Supersport: J.J. Watt

Birthdate: 3-22-89 Hometown: Pewaukee, Wis.

(OUSTON4EXANFANSAREECSTATICTHAT**7ATTIS PLAYINGONTHEIRTEAM/PPONENTSNODOUBTWISHHE had raised cattle or gone into the oil business. In his second NFL season, J.J. (Justin James) is an all-star caliber defensive end and wrecking machine. In the first 14 GAMES h-EGA7ATTvRECORDEDATEAM RECORDSACKS 0UTTINGQUARTERBACKSONTHEIRBACKISHISSPECIALTY!FOOTBALL!LL !MERICANANDHONORSTUDENTAT7ISCONSIN 7ATTWASPICKEDINTHE first-round NFL draft choice. (OUSTON DIVISIONCHAMPSAGAIN HAVEGIVENHIMABIGCONTRACT and are getting a Texas-size return for their investment.

The Galileo spacecraft took this picture of the moon.

You’ll need: sMOZZARELLACHEESESTICKS sTHIN SLICEDSANDWICHPICKLES sTHINSLICESOFDELIMEATTURKEY HAMORROASTBEEF sMUSTARDORMAYONNAISEOPTIONAL What to do: 1. Slice mozzarella cheese sticks in half lengthwise, making STICKS 2. Wrap pickle slices around cheese sticks. 3. Next, wrap 3 slices deli meat around pickle, forming a long cylinder. 4. Serve with mustard or mayonnaise as a dip. You will need an adult’s help with this recipe.

from The Mini Page Š 2013 Universal Uclick

from The Mini Page Š 2013 Universal Uclick

A Fine State of Affairs Forms of matter Matter can take several forms. We are most familiar with three of these forms, or states, of matter: gas, liquid and solid. Matter can change from one state to another, but it is still the same substance. For example, the water we drink is liquid. Water in rivers and lakes is liquid. But when that water freezes, it turns to ice. It becomes solid. When we heat water to a certain temperature, it turns to gas, or water vapor. It becomes steam. But in all these forms, it is still water. The type of matter doesn’t change.

photo courtesy NASA/GRACE team

from The Mini Page Š 2013 Universal Uclick

Rookie Cookie’s Recipe

The elements

Elements here and beyond

!Nelement (EL-uh-muhnt) is a substance that cannot be broken apart into different substances. For example, water is not an element. It can be divided into oxygen and hydrogen. But hydrogen is an ELEMENT/XYGENis an element. Each element stays the same no matter how much of it there is and no matter where it is.

We know of about 120 elements in our universe. Scientists have discovered most of them and created others.

photo by Kevin Steele, courtesy National Science Foundation

These scientists are studying a giant-sized model of a hydrogen atom. A special machine called an AlloSphere magnifies tiny atoms so they are big enough for scientists to view what is going on.

art courtesy NASA

The protons and neutrons are in the center, or nucleus .// KLEE uhs), of the atom. Electrons This is the older, planetarywhiz model of an atom. It is around the type still the image we usually nucleus. picture. When people first pictured the atom, they thought electrons orbited the nucleus JUSTLIKETHEPLANETSORBITTHESUN We now know that electrons don’t follow the same regular path over and over. Instead, they speed around the nucleus in a kind of cloud. Protons and neutrons are made of even smaller bits called quarks. We don’t know yet if electrons are made of smaller parts.

The Mini Page Staff

The popular nine-part series on the Constitution, written in collaboration with the National Archives, is now packaged as a colorful 32-page softcover book. The series covers: sthe preamble, the seven articles and 27 amendments sthe “big ideas� of the document sthe history of its making and the signers

Sarah: Why did the escargot go to the beauty salon? Sally: It needed to get its snails done! Samson: What is a very slow ship called? Simon:!SNAILBOAT

from The Mini Page Š 2013 Universal Uclick

Brown Bassetews the nnd’s Hou

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Atomic structure

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!LLTHEFOLLOWINGJOKESHAVESOMETHINGINCOMMON Can you guess the common theme or category?

Samantha: What did the snail say when it JUMPEDONTHETURTLEFORARIDE Senneth: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Slow down!â&#x20AC;?

Betty Debnam - Founding Editor and Editor at Large Lisa Tarry - Managing Editor Lucy Lien - Associate Editor Wendy Daley - Artist

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from The Mini Page Š 2013 Universal Uclick

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Atomic building blocks

Itty bitty atoms are made of even tinier particles: protons, electrons and neutrons. These particles are the same no matter what element they are in. For example, a proton in AGOLDATOMISJUSTLIKEAPROTONINAN oxygen atom. The number of protons in each atom is what turns that atom into a certain element. For example, hydrogen The hydrogen atom has atoms have one proton, one electron and no neutrons. one proton. 'OLDATOMSHAVEPROTONS The Mini Page thanks Dr. Bradley Keister, Protons and electrons have an program director, National Science electrical charge. Protons have a positive Foundation, for help with this issue. charge. Electrons have a negative charge. Add`i]gdj\]ndjgcZlheVeZg[dge^XijgZh There are always the same number of d[i]^c\hbVYZd[bViiZg#=dlbVcn protons and electrons in a stable atom. Y^[[ZgZci`^cYhd[i]^c\hXVcndjhedi4 They balance each other out. Neutrons have no charge. The Next week, The Mini Page is all about ballet. number of neutrons per atom varies.

Gold is an element. It is still gold whether itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s in a nugget, a coin or jewelry.

from The Mini Page Š 2013 Universal Uclick

Atomic World

The making of an atom

This iceberg is part of Antarcticaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ice sheet. All three states of matter are in this view of our southernmost continent. Liquid water is in the ocean and clouds. Solid water is in the ice and snow. Solid ice crystals are in the clouds too. The land is solid. And although we canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t see it in the photo, water vapor, or gas, is in the sky. Other gases, such as oxygen and carbon dioxide, are also in the sky.

photo courtesy

from The Mini Page Š 2013 Universal Uclick

Atoms are the basic building blocks of matter. Buses, beetles, braids, blood, bells, berries, books and burgers are all made of atoms. !NATOMISTHESMALLESTPARTOF an element that keeps the same characteristics as when it is bigger. For example, an atom of gold has the same characteristics as a mountain of gold. If we could see it, it would be shiny and yellowish. The gold in the mountain would melt at the same temperature as the gold atom would melt. The atom is still gold. !TOMSARE very, very tiny. Billions could fit on the period at the end of this sentence.

TM

Meat and Cheese Roll-Ups

photo courtesy FDA

photo courtesy Disney Channel

3ISTERS#HLOEAND(ALLE"AILEY who are singers and actors, recently WONTHE3EASON2ADIO$ISNEY talent competition, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Next Best Thing.â&#x20AC;? #HLOE  AND(ALLE  AREFROM !TLANTA4HESESONGWRITERSAND Chloe (left) and Halle performers have had more than MILLIONVIEWSON9OU4UBE#HLOEPLAYSPIANO AND(ALLE plays guitar. They have appeared in several movies, including â&#x20AC;&#x153;Joyful Noiseâ&#x20AC;? and the Disney Channelâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s â&#x20AC;&#x153;Let It Shine.â&#x20AC;? #HLOEBEGANACTINGWHENSHEWASYEARSOLD(ALLEBEGAN when she was 3 years old. Chloe loves science and electronics. (ALLELOVESTOSWIM RUNANDRIDEHERBIKE

Height: 6-5 Weight: 295

from The Mini Page Š 2013 Universal Uclick

What is matter?

Meet the Bailey Sisters

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Experts say we can think of matter as anything that takes up space. We often describe matter by talking about its mass. Mass is how much stuff there is in something. It is not the same as weight. For example, on Earth, a 1-pound box of cereal might hold 600 puffed corn pieces. If you take it to the moon, it would only weigh about one-sixth of a pound.* But there would still be 600 puffed corn pieces. The mass would stay the same. It would still take up the same amount of space.

photo courtesy NASA/JPL

Do you ever wonder what the universe is made of? What makes it work? People have been trying to answer these questions for thousands of years. Scientists often use two different words to describe everything around us: matter and energy. To learn more about matter and energy, The Mini Page talked with a scientist from the National Science Foundation. In this issue, we will talk about matter. In a future issue, we will talk about energy. Matter is the stuff all around us. Planets, butterflies, mountains, viruses, cats, dirt, skyscrapers, frogs, air, bones, flowers, chocolate, rivers, dinosaurs, dogs and people are all made of matter.

try â&#x20AC;&#x2122;n find

Matter

Words that remind us of matter are hidden in the block below. Some words are hidden backward or diagonally. See if you can find: AIR, ATOM, CLOUD, ELECTRON, ELEMENT, GAS, GOLD, HEAR, LIQUID, MASS, MICROSCOPE, NEUTRON, NUCLEUS, PROTON, QUARK, SEE, SENSES, SMELL, SOLID, STATE, SUN, TASTE, TELESCOPE, TOUCH.

Weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re all made up of matter!

A E L E C T R O N

T T N U C L E U S

T O O S E N S E S

L A U M G H E A R

L S S C S A S U N

E D T T H E S E V

M I V A E K E P E

S L R M T L N O P

T O I L D E O C O

N S A K I D R S C

E S D R U U T O S

M S L A Q O U R E

E A O U I L E C L

L M G Q L C N I E

E P R O T O N M T

from The Mini Page Š 2013 Universal Uclick

ready resources The Mini Page provides ideas for websites, books or other resources that will help you learn more about this weekâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s topics. On the Web: sYOUTUBECOMWATCHVY105*H.N) sNYUEDUPAGESMATHMOLTEXTBOOKWHATISMATTERHTML sYOUTUBECOMWATCHV2S!22D%*9 At the library: sh7HAT)STHE7ORLD-ADE/F!LL!BOUT3OLIDS Liquids and Gasesâ&#x20AC;? by Kathleen Weidner Zoehfeld sh3CHOLASTIC$ISCOVER-ORE4HE%LEMENTSvBY Dan Green

To order, send $9.95 plus $3.50 postage and handling for each copy. Send check or money order (U.S. funds only) payable to: Andrews McMeel Universal, P.O. Box 6814, Leawood, KS 66206 or call toll-free 1-800-591-2097. Please send ______ copies of The Mini Page Guide to the Constitution (Item #0-7407-6511-6) at $13.45 each, total cost. (Bulk discount information available upon request.) www.smartwarehousing.com Name: ________________________________________________________________________ Address: _______________________________________________________________________ City: _________________________________________ State: _________ Zip: ________________

Kids World  

A weekly tab for kids.