Page 1

U6*<Q" ()'" D$,(" &')+*4'&/" (-545(4&" (4" D$,(/&" '$%+E"-(:5<E^ Opinion, page 7

D$,(" <:$&&%((,&" 9*'" 4*K" &*$'" ,(+*:&]" <6*<Q" '6*,"()'"54"'6*"L*K&"&*<'5(4^ News, page 3

U6*<Q" ()'" <(C*%$9*" (>" D$,(/&" 95%:&/" C$%&5'E" K$'*%"-(:("'*$,^ Sports, page 14

SANTA MONICA HIGH SCHOOL

Santa Monica • Volume C • Issue III • Dec. 12, 2012

Rise in Santa Monica crime plays out on Samo campus

In 2012 alone, crimes like homicide, robbery and assault have gone up 12 percent and general thefts have increased by 9 percent.

U:$5%*"[(:+S*%9 Staff Writer Santa Monica crime rates rose dramatically in 2012 and have affected Samo students both inside and outside of school. According to Santa Monica Police Department (SMPD) Sergeant Richard Lewis, Part One crimes, which include homicide, rape, robbery, assault, burglary, auto theft and shoplifting, have gone up 12 percent and thefts in general have increased by 9 percent since 2011. Bicycles were the most common theft this year and last year, according to Lewis. Last year, 1,471 thefts of bicycles and thefts from shops were reported. This year, there have been 1,601 cases reported and the number is still rising. “Stealing bicycles directly affects families in Santa Monica,” Lewis said. “It stops students that need to get to school on a bicycle or want to go out and ride their bike on the weekends.” Although bikes have been stolen at Samo, according to O-House Principal Clara Herran, many students do not go to the trouble of reporting bicycle thefts to the school. !"#$%&"'()*+($+(*,-%("+(./%(,(0%1+0"( of the theft to SMPD. “For the most part, most people do not get their things back,” Herran said. “We work with two Santa 2+&34,( 5+/34%( 67.4%0'( 70+8( "*%( Youth Division that do the reports and some of the investigations.” According to Samo Principal Laurel Fretz, the majority of thefts at

WHAT’S INSIDE Opinion Feature Culture Sports

4 7 11 12

WHAT’S ONLINE U6*<Q"()'"D'$>>"V%5'*%"F5<(:" WX<$%$'*/&"?V**Q*4+"W<'5C5'5*&!"Y5C*"@65&H"&*%5*&"(>" $%'5<:*&3"K65<6"()':54*"'6*" $<'5C5'5*&">(%"'6*"<(,549" K**Q*4+I"Y$&'"K**Q*4+!"5<*" &Q$'549"$'" D$4'$" F(45<$" Z<*"$4+" &<%**4549&" (>"<:$&&5<" ,(C5*&I

www.thesamohi.com

Samo are of minor items, like phones and wallets. “Every week, we have cell phones, wallets, money and iPods stolen,” Fretz said. “Usually it happens when a student leaves [possessions] by accident on a table, desk or in the bathroom. [But,] occasionally, a dishonest person takes things out of another student’s backpack pocket.” Fretz said that unless the student knows who stole their possessions, which is unlikely, Samo can do very little about stolen items. House 103&431,/'(+0(,&9(+"*%0('4*++/(+7.43,/( are not allowed to search backpacks without reasonable suspicion. Recently, according to Samo students, shoes and wallets have been stolen from lockers during Physical Education (P.E.) and Yoga classes at school. Maya Toolin (’15) said her ),//%"( ),'( '"+/%&( $#03&:( *%0( .7"*( period yoga class. However, Yoga instructor Jason Battung said that the only theft he was aware of was a pair of shoes that was stolen, and that the shoes turned up a few days later. Kian Zohoury (’15) said that people who are stolen from should blame themselves, not the thief. He had some of his possessions stolen last year. “It was my fault for leaving my things out,” Zohoury said. “It’s #&4+88+&( "+( .&$( ,( "0#'")+0"*9( individual today who would return any stolen or lost property. At the end of the day, though, the thieves are the ones that get hurt the most.” cgoldberg@thesamohi.com

NICHOLAS ZARCHEN / The Samohi

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

?+&;34"@A0%%(23&%0,/'(?/#B(1,''%'(!22C!D(0%'+/#"3+& U$,5::*"=*"G*)& Staff Writer The Santa Monica-Malibu C&3.%$( !4*++/( D3'"034"( E!22C!DF( Board of Education passed a student10+1+'%$( 4+&;34"@70%%( 83&%0,/'( resolution. The resolution will require

SMMUSD to examine the companies it buys electronics from for sound mining practices. The resolution was 10+1+'%$( B9( !,8+G'( ?+&;34"@A0%%( Minerals club. According to Club President Emma Gardner (’14), the club’s goal is to help spread awareness of how Americans affect the situation

SMMUSD BOARD OF EDUCATION ARCHIVES

CONFLICT-FREE PROPOSALS!"B,,$"[$%+4*%"./0\2"&-*$Q&" S*>(%*"'6*"DFFAD="G($%+"(>"B+)<$'5(4"'("-%(-(&*"6*%",*$&)%*I

in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where the acquisition of these minerals leads to war and +"*%0( 4+&;34"'<( =7 ( 4+&'#8%0'( ,-+3$( buying products from electronics companies that buy and use tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold sourced from the Congo in their products, the consumer’s actions won’t inadvertently contribute to violence in the Congo. SMMUSD Board of Education President Ben Allen said that measures proposed by students are rarely passed. “It doesn’t happen every day, and something like this certainly hasn’t happened in a long time,” Allen said. “We have a tradition of student activists and we embrace it and celebrate it.” According to Gardner, the new measure will affect SMMUSD students. “Students will see a change in the new products that the district will purchase,” Gardner said. “They

might never see a Sharp product again, because Sharp is one of the least responsible companies when it comes to [purchasing minerals].” Club member Leo Dastur (’14) said he and the rest of the club are pleased that the measure has been passed. “I believe that this is an important issue that we need to take steps to end, and that the fact that our club was able to have the district recognize this problem and to agree "+(",>%(1,0"(3&("*%(.:*"(,:,3&'"(3"(3'(,( major accomplishment,” Dastur said. Dastur has high hopes for the 1+'3"3-%(3&;#%&4%(+7 ("*%(8%,'#0%< “We hope that this measure will provide the groundwork for further steps to encourage Samo, the rest of the district and other local businesses to becoming responsible purchasers of electronics,” Dastur said. “We are by no means done, but this is undoubtedly an important step.” cdebeus@thesamohi.com


News

December 12, 2012 Page 2

www.thesamohi.com

JAMS Principal Eva Mayoral named outstanding administrator by CMEA Anika Narayanan Staff Writer Former I-House Principal and current John Adams Middle School (JAMS) Principal Eva Mayoral was awarded the California Music Educators Association (CMEA) Administrator of the Year Award after a unanimous decision by the judging panel. According to the CMEA website, Mayoral will be recognized at the California All-State Music Education Conference in Feb. 2013. The CMEA supports public and private school music departments statewide, and promotes the importance of music training for children. The association holds conferences, workshops and summer camps that allow students to develop and enrich their musical education. They also recognize educators annually for their dedication to the arts in a variety of *(,/&1 “The award is to recognize someone who supports the music program in their school and goes above and beyond the call of duty – that is Ms. Mayoral,” I-House Spanish teacher Claudia Bautista-Nicholas said. “I worked with her when she was a house principal, and she was the hardest working administrator. She would always push her practice to do a better job. Students, teachers and parents always felt supported by her.” Mayoral, who became principal of JAMS in 2011, said she has fostered and supported the music department

Samo teachers share their experiences with former I-House Principal Eva Mayoral:

“ “ “

She was extremely nurturing to us. She cared about everyone – the students, the parents and [the teachers].” — Nathan Fulcher, English Teacher She was amazing. She just had the ability to say things in a way that was inoffensive and you always felt supported, led and taught in a positive way.” — Jessica Garrido, I-House Adviser I am so happy to see a hard-working, extremely deserving administrator who loves students, teachers and parents receive such a great acknowledgement.” — Claudia Bautista-Nicholas, Spanish Teacher

“A critical underlying aspect of each [element of learning] is the students’ sense of spirit,” Mayoral said. “I think it is our collective responsibility to awaken our students to the amazing intricacies of the world around them.” Parents and colleagues of Mayoral have expressed similar reactions to those of the CMEA board, complimenting her unique

I think it is our collective responsibility to awaken our students to the amazing intricacies of the world around them.” — Eva Mayoral, JAMS Principal at the school. JAMS currently has nearly 600 students who participate in the music program, and has four '#)/&2$3-.4$-4+"(&!4#&2$*5($+"-%4&$#)/$ a music conversion class, as well as two extracurricular honor groups. Mayoral said her belief that music provides a purpose and place for students in their adolescence has shaped her career as a purveyor of music in the classroom, and that the fundamentals for learning are fostered through creativity and individuality.

passion and commitment to the students. “I am a parent at JAMS, and I had the pleasure of seeing a choir concert,” Bautista-Nicholas said. “I was blown away and I sent [Mayoral] a little note telling her how wonderful it had been. She said she was so proud of the work [choir director Cecile] Blanchard does every day and that she was proud to be part of the JAMS family. She appreciates everyone and supports them by encouraging their

work.” However, Mayoral said her focus is not just in music, but in everything !"#!$ %&$ '()(*+%#,$ !-$ &!./()!&0$ intellectual, physical and emotional development. “I just work hard to get our kids what they need,” Mayoral said. “It means connecting with teachers so that we are working to maximize our experiences with our students, it means committing to their continued growth and long, long hours to get what they need and it means being here for the kids. That’s all we do.” According to Mayoral, her recognition by the CMEA is a tribute to not only her long-standing dedication to the arts, but education in general. “Maximizing the opportunity for richness of life for ourselves is about awakening passion and compassion in all,” Mayoral said. “The more places we can awaken passion, the more facets our students have and the more profound their internal and external glimmer is. I do all I can across every domain to maximize the glimmer. I think music and the other arts think I’m special because they aren’t used to being focused on as one of our major departments.” anarayanan@thesamohi.com

Exceptional Online Tutoring starting $22.50/hr. (Subjects offered: Algebra, Geometry,Precalculus, Calculus, Physics, Chemistry, Statistics, Spanish, SAT and AP courses) Contact us for a free trial lesson!

solvewithme@gmail.com 310-584-7286

DREW MENDINUETO / Contributor

HONORABLE ORCHESTRA: Jake Gold (’14) and Steven Harmon (’13) play french horn at the 2012 California Orchestra Directors Association (CODA) Honor Symphony Orchestra from Dec. 7 to Dec 8. According to CODA’s website, 17 Samo students received entry to the CODA Honors String Orchestra and 35 to the CODA Honors Symphony Orchestra. “It’s one day where you get to play with completely new people,” string violinist Daniel Trinh (’14) said. “You get to know the musical skills and levels of people from other parts of California and see how their music sounds.”

City Council and SSA work to sustain local water Natasha Munasinghe Staff Writer As the Santa Monica City Council adopted the Sustainable Water Master Plan (SWMP), the goal of which is !-$ "#5($ 6#!(4$ &(,37&.3*+%()+8$ '8$ !"($ year 2020, the Samohi Solar Alliance (SSA) is working to improve water sustainability on campus. According to City Council member Kevin McKeown, the SWMP was passed in order to make Santa Monica a more environmentally friendly city and will cost Santa Monica an approximated $871,856. “During my time on the City Council we successfully sued a number of big oil companies for having leaked a contaminant into our groundwater supply,” McKeown said. “With the settlement, we built reclamation facilities that restored the fresh water, and [this] let us reduce our dependence on water brought in from the Colorado River and Northern California through the Metropolitan Water District.”

local. We don’t want to be dependent on other states for our water, the same way we don’t want to be dependent on out of state or country produce,” Milton said. “A great deal of the world, especially developing third-world countries, don’t have access to clean water while we here are extremely wasteful with our water.” McKeown said the new plan will not have a negative effect on Santa Monica residents. “We can become water self&.3*+%()!2$ (+-)-;%+#,,8$ #)/$ 6%!"-.!$ any wrenching changes in local lifestyle,” McKeown said. “We can do this by decreasing demand and increasing local water production and retention.” According to McKeown, the plan will not affect Samo’s water supply because the school is under the jurisdiction of Santa Monica Malibu <)%*(/$ =+"--,$ >%&!4%+!$ ?=99<=>@$ and not the Santa Monica local government. However, McKeown said there are many ways Samo can become water independent.

Looking forward to 2020, our local groundwater is projected to cost less than half [of] what we’ll have to pay for outside water.” — Kevin McKeown, City Council Member According to McKeown, Santa 9-)%+#$ "#&$ !"($ +#:#'%,%!8$ !-$ 3.,*,,$ about 70 percent of its water needs through local fresh water. McKeown said that the City Council hopes all of Santa Monica’s water will eventually come from local sources. “Imported water is becoming more expensive,” McKeown said. “Pumping water long distances takes large amounts of energy, so when energy costs go up, so do the costs of water. Looking forward to 2020, our local groundwater is projected to cost less than half [of] what we’ll have to pay for outside water.” According to an article in the Santa Monica Mirror, Santa Monica will look towards new sources of water like ground water, storm water, gray water and reuse. SSA member Daniel Milton (’15) said he supports the City Council’s decision to become locally water dependent. “It’s fantastic that Santa Monica is trying to keep the water we buy

AB05($ '(()$ 5(48$ C4#!%*(/$ '8$ !"($ &%C)%*+#)!$ %)+4(#&(&$ %)$ +--:(4#!%-)$ between our separate public entities on environmental matters, particularly in recent years under the current SMMUSD School Board,” McKeown said. “Just as we have worked together on energy, recycling and transportation issues, I’m sure we’ll be eager partners in water independence. For Samo, that may mean increased awareness and sensitivity to water consumption, including that used for landscaping and other outdoor uses.” According to Milton, SSA is trying to make Samo more frugal when it comes to water consumption. AD($ #!$ ==E$ /(*)%!(,8$ &.::-4!$ water conservation,” Milton said. “The urinals at Samo are waterless and save a lot of water and money. Hopefully something else like this could be implemented as well, nothing too drastic but still saving water and money.” nmunasinghe@thesamohi.com


News

www.thesamohi.com

December 12, 2012 Page 3

School tardy policy better enforced this year, students say Camille De Beus Staff Writer Students have noticed a more strict implementation of the tardy policy and rising confusion about the detain policy this year, despite no change in disciplinary policy. According to I-House Principal Renée Semik, this is likely due to more effective recording of tardies. “Teachers are now more concerned about recording their attendance in Illuminate as accurately as possible,” Semik said. According to O-House Principal Clara Herran, the only big difference in the tardy policy this year is that students no longer have to arrive to class, drop off their belongings !"#$%&'"$()$%)$!$&)*+'$),-.'$%)$('%$!$ late pass. Instead, teachers are chalking tardies themselves. “We have asked teachers to mark students tardy when they come in late right into the attendance program on Illuminate,” Herran said. “The teacher can mark them tardy but they don’t have to deal with additional interruptions from having to tell the student to leave, and then the interruption of when they come back to the class 10 to 15 minutes later.” This does not, however, theoretically enforce stricter consequences for tardies — both this year and the year before, four tardies have merited a lunch detention, seven tardies a Saturday school and so on, Herran said. According to Herran, however, the new system’s improved accura./$ 0"$ 1'.)1#0"($ !22$ %!1#0'+$ ',-.0'"%2/$ — not just those that students go to %&'$&)*+'$),-.'+$,)1$3$40(&%$5'$1'sulting in more frequent disciplinary

action. “I have seen an increase in students attending the lunch detentions and the Saturday schools, so it seems to be working better than the previous system,” Herran said. According to S-House Principal Jason Kurtenbach, 866 students have been tardy to class four times or more, 411 students have earned at least two hours of Saturday School and 73 students have at least 15 or more tardies. “Each Saturday School has -22'#$ '6'1/$ #'+7$ !6!02!52'$ !"#$ &!#$ to turn students away,” Kurtenbach said. Though the suddenly strict enforcement has left some students feeling hard done by, Amelia Reynolds (’15) believes that the policy is effectively doing its job. “This creates way more detentions and Saturday schools but less tardies,” Reynolds said. “While I dislike the policy, I get fewer tardies now, so I guess it is working. I get scared every morning that I’m going to be tardy and get yet another detention.” According to Herran, the effectiveness of the policy in preventing tardies cannot be measured until the third grading period data is completely tabulated. “The big test will be this grading period, when we can compare it to [the second] grading period,” Herran said. “The consequences only really started the second grading period, so this one will be the big deciding factor if there is any improvement.” Reynolds said that the policy has, indeed, turned out to be effective.

Rich Lopez Tutoring SAT Math AP Statistics, Algebra, Geometry, Calc. ABC Rich@boomerangtutoring.com 310-384-7628

“I think the policy is somewhat reasonable, because I haven’t been late for two weeks and it’s only because I don’t want another detention,” Reynolds said. “I don’t believe that it is unfair that students that normally don’t get detentions are receiving them, because if they are tardy then they get a detention. That’s the policy and the rules.” Another policy in question is the detain policy which, according to Semik, must be discussed by the administration to ensure equal enforcement across the board. Several students have expressed confusion, as some teachers are accepting detains while others are not. Cameron Speyer (’13) said that this discrepancy has caused problems in her classes. “I was at an early-morning choir rehearsal and I and four other choir members walked into AM with a detain. On presenting the detain, my teacher said, ‘I don’t accept those,’” Speyer said. “Everyone else 0+$8'1,'.%2/$-"'$90%&$:#'%!0"+;<= The current tardy policy does not allow for tardy passes or readmits, according to Kurtenbach. “[Students] are marked tardy 5/$ %&'01$ %'!.&'1>$ %&'"$ %&'$ ),-.'>$ 60!$ Illuminate, handles the discipline for excessive times tardy,” Kurtenbach said. “Students who did not come to class should drop off notes to the &)*+'$),-.'<$?)$1'!#40%$9022$5'$910%ten. They will be ushered to class quickly where they should be seated and taught.” According to Semik, the policy regarding detains is on the agenda for Thursday’s administration meeting. cdebeus@thesamohi.com

?@ABCDEF$GEHABI?$J$The Samohi

EXPERIMENTAL CHAIRS: Jack Sadler (’16) adjusts to the new and experimental chairs and desks in Latin teacher Luke Henderson’s Technology Building classroom. According to Dean of Students Catherine Baxter, these chairs will be tested in a few classrooms in the current Science and Technology Buildings and im!"#$#%&#'()%(&*#(%#+,(-%).#'(/0)#%0#(1%'(2#0*%3"345(6-)"')%4(&*1&( )7(0-88#%&"5(9#)%4(9-)"&:(/&-'#%&7(+)""(.""(3-&(1(8#7!3%7#(&3(&*#(0*1)87,( and the chairs with the most positive responses will be installed in the new building. There are a few different types of chairs and desks being tested: tiered classrooms in which students have the option to stand and do work, triangular tables which can be moved around to form different groupings and swivel chairs and stools to maximize mobility.

Samo to establish homework policy by end of the year Claire Goldberg Staff Writer Samo administrators aim to establish a school-wide homework policy by the end of this school year, Principal Laurel Fretz said. Samo is the only school in the Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District (SMMUSD) that has not put forth a school-spe-

weekly hours of homework from three to 13 hours, with the most common answer being around five to six hours per week. We will be conducting surveys soon to give all students, parents and teachers a voice.” According to the SMMUSD guidelines, time spent on homework per night should increase by 10 minutes per grade level, starting

Some of the homework that I get does not reinforce what I learned in class.” — Emily Singer (’14) cific homework policy which follows SMMUSD homework policy guidelines. Though each Samo student has a unique homework situation, Fretz said that some students and parents have expressed concern about too much homework. “I hear stories from students and parents that range from ‘I rarely have homework’ to ‘My child does six hours of homework every night,’” Fretz said. “I recently took a quick verbal poll in one of our freshman AVID (Advancement Via Individual Determination) classes. Students reported a range of

with 10 minutes of homework in kindergarten. “Assignments should be designed so that the typical student can complete all homework within a reasonable time,” the policy says. “All assignments shall be carefully constructed with reasonable time allotment to complete them.” There are many sections of the policy that relate to time spent on homework, stating that homework needs to be completed in a “reasonable” amount of time. There is no specified time for high schoolers that is reasonable, nor is there an exact definition in the policy. The

new Samo policy will have to comply with this and meet standards of the already set forth policy. Some students are displeased with the amount of homework they are receiving and feel that some of it is not even necessary. “Some of the homework that I get does not reinforce what I learned in class,” Emily Singer (’14) said. “Unless the assignment is a project or essay, assignments should not take more than an hour.” Teachers feel that homework is necessary for student’s learning processes. Some, though, think they need to use discretion in assigning homework. “Students must realize that when they sign up for multiple honors and advanced placement classes it comes with an increased workload,” Lipetz said. “[They should also realize] that sometimes they may have multiple tests on the same day with many projects/essays with close due dates. Time management is an important life lesson and students must learn not to leave things to the last minute! I try to be reasonable when assigning homework and I feel like my colleagues do as well.”

cgoldberg@thesamohi.com


Opinion

December 12, 2012 Page 4

The Samohi is a monthly newspaper by, for and about Santa Monica High students. Our goal is to empower the student body through information. We do not represent the views of the administration or staff. We do not endorse advertisements placed in our paper. Editor-in-Chief: Eloise Graham Managing Editor: Chelsea Brandwein Business Manager: McKenna Jensen Online Editor: Nadine Melamed News Editors: Max Gumbel Jones Pitsker Opinion Editor: Samuel Reamer Feature Editors: Amancai Biraben Madelyn Shaughnessy Culture Editor: Aliza Abarbanel Sports Editors: Adrianna Dinolfo Chase Wohrle Photo Editor: Nicholas Zarchen Copy Editor: Mia Lopez-Zubiri Art Director: Alison Guh Faculty Adviser: Kathleen Faas Staff: Micol Azcarate, Francesca Billington, Daniel Bottitta, Shayan Chetty, Nina Cornejo, Camille De Beus, Claire Goldberg, Alice Kors, Adam Kummer, Elizabeth Mebane, Natasha Munasinghe, Anika Narayanan, Muhammad Yusuf Tarr, Tianru Wang, Brooke Weiss, Emma Wergeles

Address: 601 Pico Boulevard Santa Monica, CA 90405 To submit ideas for opinion articles please email us at sreamer@thesamohi.com

www.thesamohi.com

Emma Gardner: The Last Socially Acceptable Prejudice? Emma Gardner Contributor atheist [ey-thee-ist] noun: a person who denies or disbelieves the existence of a supreme being or beings (Dictionary.com). Hostility towards atheists may be Samo’s last seemingly sanctioned and socially acceptable form of bigotry. Consider the strides made here at Samo – and around the country – by these previously-oppressed minorities: African Americans, gays, lesbians, Latinos and the disabled. Each group has a place at Samo, their members generally treated with respect. Most have clubs to support them; some even have special days designed to further their cause. All of these groups have advocates; they have prominent individuals who will stand up and say, “Don’t mess with my people.” Their voices are heard. In fact, the LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Questioning) community keeps getting additional letters in its acronym to be even more inclusive. Credit must be given to the Samo community at large. It is generally a welcoming and accepting place. Every Samo classroom has a poster that reads: “Discrimination based on gender, race, ethnicity or sexual orientation will not be tolerated.” Tell that to the atheists. A Samo teacher allegedly did. When Atheist Club President Dali Nemecio (’14) informed a teacher that she was starting Samo’s 132nd club, she was told, “Really? Atheist club? But you seem so nice.” Because clearly “being nice” and rejecting the idea of a supreme being are mutually exclusive. Samo’s atheists are facing more blatant hostility. At least five times during the school year, Atheist Club posters promoting the club have been torn down from school hallways. Could you imagine the scandal that would occur if a club poster for Samo’s Jewish Student Union was torn down? The Anti-Defamation League would roll onto campus the next day. Another teacher reportedly told Ms. Nemecio, “I’d be interested to see what types of people come to that club.” While running for president in 1987, then Vice President George H.W. Bush indicated that these “types of people” weren’t even true Americans: “I don’t know that atheists should be considered as citizens, nor should they be considered patriots. This is one nation under God.” When Ms. Nemecio turned in the club charter application, she claims a shocked school administrator inquired, “Are we even allowed to have that kind of club at school?” Other “religious” clubs exist on campus with no opposition. Eight, to be exact. This prejudice is certainly representative of America – where a 2011 study done by the University of British Columbia and the

University of Oregon found that people who believe in God distrust atheists as much as they distrust rapists. But I expect more of Santa Monica, and of Samo. We Santa Monicans fight discrimination even in our laws. After Arizona passed a law permitting police to search people based on their race, our community acted. In July 2010, Santa Monica’s City Council commenced a boycott of Arizonamade products. All ideas have merit; Atheist Club, while intended as a “safe space” for atheist ideas, welcomes believers and non-believers alike to discuss God and religion. “We don’t seek to mock God and religion, nor are we a cult,” club member Taylor DeYoung said (’14). “We try instead to further the discourse about religion among intellectually curious high school students.” Unfortunately, there are atheists at Samo who feel they must conceal their views on God. “Some Samo kids I know are so supportive of their religion that it’s uncomfortable to say that I have different views, that I’m an atheist. I sometimes lie and say I believe in God because some people are super religious and get very angry and defensive if you disagree with them,” [name withheld]. But perhaps the reason why prejudice towards atheists seems permissible is that the separation of church and state is still not definitive. During the Democratic and Republican conventions of 2012, the Republican Party and its mouthpiece, Fox News Channel, ridiculed the Democratic Party for taking the word “God” out of its official party platform. In a society which respected both atheism and the crucial line between church and state, Fox News and the Republican Party would be ridiculed for their attacks. Even politicians of the highest office are expected to say “God bless America” at the end of speeches, whether or not they believe in a higher power, to appease the masses who presumably believe in God. An atheist candidate is currently unelectable to the presidency – a 2012 Gallup poll found that 46 percent of the country would not vote for an atheist candidate who is otherwise qualified. Remember those club posters that were torn down? They did more than simply announce upcoming meetings. They featured prominent and admired men and women of the arts and sciences – such as Albert Einstein, Ernest Hemingway, Sarah Silverman and Mark Zuckerberg – and pointed out that they are or were atheists. This begs the question – was the bigotry Samo saw prompted by defense of God, or by outrage that it is possible to succeed in American society without believing in God? Clearly belief in God is not a prerequisite to reaching the pinnacle of American success. Nor should it be to achieve comfort and success at Samo.

“All ideas have merit; Atheist Club, while intended as a ‘safe space’ for atheist ideas, welcomes believers and non-believers alike to discuss God and religion.”

“Samo’s atheists are facing more !"#$#%$&'()$*"*$+,&-$&".#)$&/0.&$*1.)& during the school year, Atheist Club posters promoting the club have been torn down from school hallways.”I

“But perhaps the reason why prejudice towards atheists seems permissible is that the separation of church and state is still not definitive.”

“Clearly belief in God is not a prerequisite to reaching the pinnacle of American success. Nor should it be to achieve comfort and success at Samo.”

“Our apologies”

The Samohi would like to apologize to the following students for misspelling their names or incorrectly reporting their grades: Shane Cassilly, Ryder Germann, Rahim Jiwani, Carly Friedman, Molly Chaikin, Jacqueline De Leeuw Huang, Sebastian La Rue, Dylan De Luise, Chloe Auerbach, Ava Lane, Lea Le Blanc, Ella Ponthier, Wiktoria Surowka, and Maria Di Franco.


Opinion Hot off the lunch benches

December 12, 2012 Page 5

www.thesamohi.com

M-3#*-#,-=#.&&0#+F-=$#&+($%G=+E&#*(600)N# Hot off the lunch benches consists of The Samohi staff members asking students a series of questions on a certain topic. The surveys below were based on 273 student responses obtained from students of all grades enrolled in advance placement, honors and regular classes.

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

O-#,-=#$%6"E#$%+$#$%&#$+(*,# 5-06/,#+$#D+4-#6)#.+6(N

No! 50%!

O-#,-=#$%6"E#$%+$# 0="/%#*&$&"$6-"# 6)#&..&/$69&#+)#+# 5="6)%4&"$#.-(# $+(*6&)N

Yes! 50%!

Yes! 44%! No! 56%!

O-#,-=#E"-3#3%+$#$%&# $+(*,#5-06/,#6)N No! 31%!

Yes! 69%!


Opinion

December 12, 2012 Page 6

Think before you post

Staff Editorial:

Tardies for the greater good Staff Editorial Board: 2012-2013 Although the Samo tardy policy has not technically changed, many students have witnessed a more strict enforcement of it this semester now that teachers are marking tardies themselves instead of sending students to house 1452#-6) >13) "%,() -&+$#,&-) '%-&) (#%39) consequences for tardies were, relative to this year, scarce. But despite the disciplinary policy remaining the same for this year, detentions and Saturday schools have been much more frequent for many students. Some have met this reality with frustration — where did this big change in enforcement come from, and why are we students being devoured by it? Seven, eight, nine hours of detention is a shockingly new, ugly concept to many — especially when the policy that enforces these detention hours has technically not changed. It is easy to deal with this practical change through intermittent expressions of annoyance. It is easy to reiterate how unfairly strict this increased enforcement is, how it is not worth anybody’s time, how being a few

seconds tardy isn’t a big deal, etc. But no matter how valid these *1!,&-)"!B.&)=#9)!-)!&),1&)%)"13#)#452!#,&) use of energy to improve at arriving at -2.11') 1,) &!"#M) 7.!-) -+$$#,) 23%2<0 down on tardies may seem random and ridiculous, but at the same time, we could be much more proactive about &.!-) !--+#) =() -!"*'() C%<!,B) +*) 5:#) 13) ten minutes earlier — no matter how valuable those few minutes of sleep may appear at 6:15 a.m.

tardies appear to be more harshly and !""#$!%&#'() *+,!-.#$) &.%,) /%&01+&) absences. The fact that the difference between six and eight tardies equates to six full hours of Saturday school, furthermore, can also feel a little disproportionate. Such problems may need to be resolved, but the objective of the tardy *1'!2() 3#"%!,-) 4+'5''#$6) 7.#) &%3$() policy is designed to motivate students to arrive to class on time, and while

Many have met this reality with frustration — where did this big change in enforcement come from, and why are we students being devoured by it?” @#3.%*-) &.#) &!B.&#30#,4132#$) tardy policy may actually deserve our approval. It has motivated many of us on the staff of The Samohi to stop arriving late to school. In other words, it seems to work for us. 7.#) *1'!2(P-) -*#2!52-) 14&#,) $1) seem a bit unfair — most prominently,

Samo Shenanigans:

we can certainly be a bit upset about its sudden enforcement, its foundation helps maximize class time — and we should not bash so harshly something that attempts to teach us the vital life lesson of being punctual. In the real world, you are expected to always be on time. eic@thesamohi.com

How much is too much homework?

Natasha Munasinghe Staff Writer As I sit here writing this article, I write it with the knowledge that I’m about to fall asleep and that I -&!'') ,##$) &1) 5,!-.) %) *318#2&9) 3#:!-#) an essay on “The Adventures of ;+2<'#=#33() >!,,9?) 21"*'#&#) %) @3#0 Calculus assignment, study Advanced Placement (AP) Biology notes, write an article review for AP U.S. History and practice the violin. Believe me, before I entered junior year I was warned of its cruelty; Spanish teacher Kelly Bates even tells the sophomores in her classes that junior year is “un año feo,” or, “an ugly year.” What an ugly year it has been. It’s not the utterly involved concepts that have to be grasped when taking three AP classes, it’s the amount of homework we receive every night that leaves us venting on Facebook. It has come to the point where homework consumes a majority of our nights. It’s not rare for Samo students to get home late, I get home at 8 p.m. on some nights and some people get home later. I usually go to sleep on nights like this at 3 a.m. and wake up at 6 a.m. With the amount of homework I have and the amount of time I have to do it, I barely have any time to do a

thorough job. One might argue that we are the ones who decide to put this work load upon ourselves and that we should know better, but how can we not sign up to do all these activities when we are constantly pushed to take these classes and extracurriculars, which, might I %$$9)%3#)-2.11'0-*1,-13#$6 A) 5,$) "(-#'4 ) 21,-&%,&'() 3+-.!,B) &1) 5,!-.) "() .1"#C13<) C!&.1+&) 3#%''() understanding the curriculum. If homework is supposed to solidify what we learned that day in class, how are we supposed to do that when we just rush through it? When people pull an %''0,!B.&#39)"%,()#,$)+*)!,)=%$)"11$-) and half asleep the next day at school, how can we learn like this? The answer is, we can’t, and as a student who wants to do the best work she can, I usually end up with work subpar to what I am capable of. Fran Kuperberg (’14), who is taking three AP classes, said she wants the amount of homework given out to students to decrease. DA) .%:#) &1) -&%() +*) '%&#) 5,!-.!,B) my homework and I get so tired and therefore less focused,” Kuperberg said. “The act of doing homework becomes less effective.” Some argue that APs should be taken with the consideration that they will require a lot of work. I’m not saying that homework is bad; its overall purpose makes sense, but what doesn’t make sense is having unnecessary work that ultimately doesn’t help in the long run. Even kids with straight A’s should do homework because it strengthens what is learned in class, but if homework does not help us prepare for a test or if it includes information that we don’t need to know,

www.thesamohi.com

then I don’t see the importance of doing it. According to the Parent Institute, there are four types of homework: practice, preparation, extension and creative homework. Practice homework helps a student memorize material. Preparation homework prepares a student for an exam. Extension homework requires a student to broaden their range of thought when doing their homework. Creative homework includes projects and artistic work. Most of the homework we get is practice homework, but if we were given more extension homework, our minds would be more used to the complex material we see on tests and we would still show our teachers that we understand the concepts. And, it wouldn’t be considered busy work. I am the kind of person who likes to read about the life and death of Alexander Hamilton, but I don’t take time to think about what I’m reading in my history textbook anymore, instead I just skim through whatever I have to read. All I ask is that teachers become aware of when another teacher is holding a test. The school could assign each subject a testing day. For example, students could take history tests on Thursday and math tests on Friday. According to Parent Teacher Student Association (PTSA) President Lisa Balfus, there will be a meeting in January to discuss the amount of homework students receive and the possibility of lowering it. I like to look at it this way, if the PTSA wants to lower the amount of homework students get, then we know there is an issue. nmunasinghe@thesamohi.com

Max Gumbel News Editor Allow me to preface this article C!&.) %) 2'%3!52%&!1,) 14 ) "() !,&#,&) !,) writing it. This article does not aim to !"*1-#)%)1,#0-!$#$)%,%'(-!-)14 )A-3%#'!) and Palestinian history, nor does it %!")&1)&%<#)%,)%''0#,21"*%--!,B)*310) 13) %,&!0A-3%#'!E@%'#-&!,!%,) -&%,2#) 1,) the current state of affairs — such would not accomplish anything other than join a long list of similar articles and perpetuate the ceaseless disagreement on this issue. Rather, I intend to point out some of the problems I have with other students’ reactions to the current status quo, no matter their political preferences %,$E13)%''#B!%,2#-6 As air strike violence between the Gaza Strip and Israel escalated further, Samo students brought their variety of stances on the events to the campus community, largely through Facebook statuses and other Internet mediums. Among these expressions of opinion, many students rushed quickly to the defense of one party. F1"#) #:!$#,&'() A-3%#'0=%2<!,B) -&+$#,&-9) 413) #G%"*'#9) 21*(0*%-&#$) %) Facebook status that asked that others, “please share and keep Israel in [their] thoughts,” after a few statistics regarding previous and ongoing air strikes on Israel. Some, meanwhile, have utilized social networks to speak out against Israel’s actions. Interestingly enough, the ideas of the defense forces themselves also moved online. The Israeli Defense Force (IDF) shared its propaganda via its own Facebook and Twitter accounts, whilst pages and websites %45'!%&#$) C!&.) ;%"%-) H) &.#) B31+*) currently governing the Gaza Strip — did the same for their own causes. And the recurring motif from =1&.)*%3&!#-)C%-)%)8+-&!52%&!1,)14 )&.#) violence: that both sides should be able to defend themselves, and that the other side is behaving worse than themselves. More recently, after Israel and ;%"%-) %B3##$) &1) %) 2#%-#053#9) &.#) IDF Spokesperson posted a tweet on the @IDFSpokesperson Twitter account saying: “After eight days 14 ) 5B.&!,B9) &.#) AI>) .%-) #,$#$) Operation Pillar of Defense.” The tweet was accompanied by a picture highlighting all of the 1,500 “terror sites” it targeted in Gaza. 7.#) :!1'#,2#) 5,%''() #,$-9) %,$) the IDF is still rationalizing its attacks H),1&)&1)"#,&!1,)&.%&)&.#)2#%-#053#) was a collaborative diplomatic effort; saying that “the IDF ended” the

violence is not quite an accurate spin. Hamas is taking the exact same angle — many Palestinian groups .%:#) 8+-&!5#$) &.#!3) :!1'#,2#9) &.#3#=() encouraging it. All of this begs the question: is there really a productive point to these strikes? According to Rashid Khalidi, Professor of Modern Arab Studies at Columbia University, it is likely that the air strikes from both parties have political motivation. “Is it [Israeli] Prime Minister [Benjamin] Netanyahu running for 1452#)!,)J%,6)1,)%)2%"*%!B,)-.1C!,B) how tough he is with Hamas? Or is it Hamas pushing the envelope? Or is it both?” Khalidi said on the podcast “The Takeaway” with John Hockenberry. “I don’t think either of those interpretations is mutually exclusive.” After all, neither Israel nor Hamas has much to gain from this other than lost lives — judging from their demands, or lack thereof, few problems can be solved by violent action better than they can through diplomacy. And, according to the Human Rights Watch (HRW), both Israel and Hamas could be committing war crimes, violating the Geneva Convention and abusing human rights by harming a disproportionate number of civilians. “Forces must avoid locating military objectives within or near densely populated areas, and endeavor to remove civilians from the vicinity of military objectives,” an HRW report on the hostilities said. “The presence of a valid military target in a populated area would not justify attacking the area without regard to the loss of civilian life that such an attack would incur.” Neither Israel nor Hamas can disregard civilian lives when attacking military factions under international law, yet both are. Whether it be the bombing of Tel Aviv in Israel, or the %&&%2<-)1,)"!'!&%3()5B+3#-)!,)$#,-#'() 2!:!'!%,0*1*+'%&#$) K%L%9) A-3%#') %,$) Hamas are both legally in the wrong. Which brings me back to the Samo student reaction — why are we supporting one side or another when there is evidently brutality on both -!$#-M)A-)&.#3#)3#%''()%,()8+-&!52%&!1,) for supporting war crimes and rights violations? Obviously many Samo students have relatives and friends in the areas under attack, and naturally advocating their protection from .%3") !-) B11$0.#%3&#$6) N+&) &%<!,B) %) sectarian approach to the situation is not at all protective, it just perpetuates dispute. O+2<!'(9) %) 2#%-#053#) .%-) =##,) reached, and as of now the violence .%-) $!"!,!-.#$6) ;1C#:#39) %-) 21,/!2&) of this kind reemerges — and it will — let’s not let political and national allegiances get in the way of embracing our global citizenship. Let’s end puerile and unnecessary violence, not defend it. mgumbel@thesamohi.com


Feature

www.thesamohi.com

December 12, 2012 Page 7

Japanese candy sculptor visits Samo

HUNTER ZEPEDA / Contributor

!"#$%&'(#$)*+,$&#$"-$"'$&$(&'.,/$)*0("'1/$2*3"'1$&'($.&4+"'1$(,5&"0#$3"5%$0"550,$#%,,4#6$7%,4,8#$&$0"05$5*$%"#$)*+,),'5#/$&#$%"#$,9,#$#,,$5%,$:'"#%,($;4*(<.5$&'($%"#$ :'1,4#$)&=,$"5$)&'"-,#56$>5,&("09/$&$-*4)$?,1"'#$5*$,),41,$&#$0,1#/$,&4#/$%,&(#$&'($5&"0#$#;4*<5$-4*)$5%,$)*05,'$?&006$ 7%"#$"#$>%&'$@.%"9&'&1"/$&'($%,$.4,&5,#$.&'(9$-*4$&$0"+"'16$A*4$@.%"9&'&1"/$.&'(9$"#$'*5$B<#5$&$.4&-5$C$ "58#$&$;,4-*4)&'.,$&456

The Samohi: You work as a candy designer? Shan Ichiyanagi: Yes that’s a nice name, I like that. Normally I call myself a candy man, or candy artist, but candy designer sounds good. I like that.

something beautiful, and put it into their body so that they can harmonize with it. Kids are very straightforward. Adults try to ask how rare it is, they want the logical aspect. Normally, when I make the candy, I don’t have to say anything to those people. I want them to just enjoy, without questioning things.

TS: It has a ring to it. What do you do as a candy designer? SI: This profession has two aspects. One is, it’s very visual. It’s very quickly done, so people don’t get bored. They can easily see what’s happening in a matter of minutes, so this becomes entertainment. TS: Do you travel for this job? SI:!"#$%&'()!*+!,-+!(,.%$&!('+!/012!3454!6%&'(!(#!7+*!8#-.)! we’re doing a couple of events in New York, then we come back on Sunday, and I’ll be doing some work for a private party for Universal Studios. TS: Do you consider yourself more of an entertainer than a candy designer then? SI: Well both, but today, for instance, I’m here to perform in front of the Japanese class at Samo, but yesterday I performed for an art class of students, and they have two different ideas of what they want. One group was trying to see the making of traditional Japanese candy, while another was trying to see a unique art presentation. Both are interested in what I do. It’s a multi-faceted performance. TS: You’ve worked at this craft for 40 years now, what do you think you’ve learned over this period of time? SI: I shouldn’t speak badly about human intelligence, but this candy appeals to two major groups. One is intelligent, artistic people. The other group is the richest people. They’ve got the money, they need an entertainer. Not rich people, the richest people. Bill Gates and whatnot, these are my clients. Donald Trump, you know? I thought they would laugh at me. They loved it. Simply because, their mind becomes so rich, they don’t have to worry about anything, like ,!9%((9+!.%:4!"'+%-!5%$:!;+<#5+=!5#-+!6+>%;9+!(#!,<<+3(%$&! anything. So, they see this presentation, they say “You make something out of candy, that’s good, I like that.” But people who don’t get it, they say “Are you playing with your food? What did your parents teach you?” They’re kidding, but they become too serious. Little kids say “I love it, can you make something for me?” I make something for them, and ('+!$+>(!5#5+$()!('+?!3@(!%$!('+%-!5#@('4!"'+?!+,(!%(4!7#(! because they’re hungry, but because they want to consume

TS: This is a fairly uncommon profession, how did you get involved? How did you learn the trade? SI: It’s a dying art today. I’m 60 years old now, but when I was a little kid, this art was popular in Japan. After World War II, Japan had lost a lot of its living standards. My family was very poor, and I used to go to the market and watch these simple candies being made. I couldn’t afford the candies, even though they were very cheap, but I really enjoyed watching this, and I didn’t have to pay to watch. As Japan became more technologically-focused over the years, people stopped going out on the street. They just stay indoors on their computers. People don’t participate in the festivals in Japan anymore. TS: Do you think that this has contributed to a loss in popularity for this art in Japan? SI: Yes, unfortunately, Japan is not like this country. They love sweets, but not as much as Americans. Luckily, my business in this country is very healthy. Back in Japan, some people still do this, but they cannot make a living. They have main jobs to support their acts. In Japan, they don’t really throw big parties like Americans. I work in the capital of the party industry, here in Hollywood and Beverly Hills. I 6?!%$(#!A,$',((,$!,!9#(!B#-!<+9+;-%(?!3,-(%+=4!C$<9@:%$&!5?! 3,-($+-)!",.,)!('+-+!,-+!B#@-)!5,?;+!DE+!<,$:?!,-(%=(=!%$! America. We’re very lucky to have a lot of generous customers who can enjoy my art, and pay for my airfare. Not many people are willing to pay this much money in Japan.

TS: Who do you consider the client that you’ve had the most fun performing for? SI:!7%<#9,=!K,&+4!L'+$!C!D-=(!3+-B#-5+:!B#-!#$+!#B !'%=! parties, he was married to Patricia Arquette, and her brother David Arquette was there as well. At the time, David Arquette was associated with all the main actors in “Friends,” ,$:!('+?!*+-+!,99!('+-+)!M%=,!N@:-#*)!K#@-(+$+?!K#>!,$:! all of them. My wife and I didn’t know who they were, and they said they were actors. Then a few weeks later, we found out that “Friends” was a big show. I think you call that a “Hollywood Story.” I worked for Nicolas Cage for more than 10 years. I did a party for him every Easter. Out of him, I got three referrals to other stars. I worked for Jim Carrey at Paramount. He spent $2 million turning two sets %$(#!,!'#9%:,?!('+5+:!3,-(?!B#-!,!D-+!:+3,-(5+$(4!O$+!#B ! the sets had an Olympic-sized ice rink built on it, and he had the Olympic skater Sasha Cohen come in to skate for the party. When I had been performing for a couple of hours, Mr. Carrey came to me and said, this man over here hasn’t gotten one, so he takes some of the hot candy, and tries to make one, but he burns himself, and starts making balloon animals for people instead. He’s very talented. A total entertainer. Also Donald Trump, a few years ago, he was in a lot of debt, and he hosted a party. Usually, these big shots will host a party, and not even stay there, because there are a lot of parties going on, and to be more sociable, they leave. He stayed the whole night. He went around to each person, and said “thank you for staying in my company tonight.” I never heard anything bad said about him in Manhattan. Everyone respects him. On the television, he sounds like a real showy idiot, but he’s not actually. TS: How much do you usually charge for a party? SI: I usually charge about $4000 to 5000 for a few hours. But to some people who don’t have any money, I don’t charge.

TS:!F-+!('+!5,(+-%,9=!B#-!?#@-!3+-B#-5,$<+!E+-?!+>3+$=%E+G SI:!7#)!$#(!(##!+>3+$=%E+4!"'+!(-,E+9!<#=(=!5,.+!@3!5#=(! #B !5?!+>3+$=+=4!C(H=!$#(!('+!5,(+-%,9=!(',(!5,.+!('+!3+-B#-mance. It’s the skill that we have. TS: Did you have a teacher, or were you self-taught? SI: I had two teachers. One was a master in Japan, another %=!,!5,=(+-!%$!('+!I$%(+:!J(,(+=4!"'+!D-=(!#$+!*,=!,$!#9:! man who taught me in my youth who passed away a long time ago, and the other master lives in Florida. His name is Masaji Terasawa.

TS: Are you performing for the Japanese program here at Samo pro bono? SI: Rowe-Sensei asked me through a friend if I could show my art, since it’s a dying art today. I said sure, I want to show it to kids that are interested. No charge. On the house. It’s been fun.

Interview by Daniel Bottitta, Staff Writer


!"#$%%"&'()*+&,(-"./(01(2)3

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`Q')"(1.'ER7'K3(#-)'95'*"9(+5' /+6)23'76-27&23'1$3(#-'7&2'&6+(1"5).G !!!"#$%&&'()$&*+,)%-.,+


3 ( )4,*0#5(60#-*#+("#-(7",%)/

82)"%*#+(/,)2)0,.9)/

!"#$%&'(#)*)+,& &&/'#00!1&-'(&

B33&"9'V&B_RKQC&Z`=&&a&!"#$%&'(")

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

!!!!!!!!"#$%#&#'()'*(+#",*-.%,"


1%'#23%.

!"#"$%"&'()*')+() ,'-%./0

!!!"#$%&'()$*"+)(

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`#?? $ N#&&($ ('-,9$ :;!$ "'($ !*$ "'G#$ '$ >#'!$ '.,$ B'<#$ 2*=$ D'.!$!*$B*G#9E L%%*+,-./$!*$N#&&()$!"#$!"-./$ !"'!$ B'<#($ "-($ %&'(($ (*$ =.-M=#$ -($ !"#$ B=(-%9$ $ K#$ 1&'2($ =1>#'!$ 1*1$ B=(-%$ +'./-./$ ?+*B$ R',*..'$ !*$ P-"'..'9 :F"#$B=(-%$/-G#($!"#$%&'(($'.$ #.#+/#!-%$ '.,$ B*!-G'!-*.'&$ G->#$ !"'!$ 2*=$ %'.5!$ '&D'2($ /#!$ '!$ !"#$ /2B)E$ 'G-,$ (1-..#+$ ;(',*+'$ Y-B$ 45678$('-,9 Y-B$ (1-.($ +#/=&'+&2$ 4!"+##$ !-B#($ '$ D##<8$ '!$ P#G*&=!-*.$ O-!A .#((9 :;!$ -($ '.$ 'B'a-./$ #.G-+*.A B#.!$'!$P#G*&=!-*.)E$Y-B$('-,9$:;!$ -($ >*!"$ (=11*+!-G#$ '.,$ "#'&!"-&2$ %*B1#!-!-G#9E H1-..-./$-($'.$'&&A>*,2$D*+<A *=!b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

(#'(*.$ -!5($ '$ /+#'!$ D'2$ !*$ %*.,-A !-*.9$0&=()$-!5($.*!$'($!*=/"$*.$2*=+$ >*,2$ '($ +=..-./$ -()$ >=!$ -!$ -($ (!-&&$ _=(!$'($/**,$*? $'$D*+<*=!)E$P#2.A *&,($('-,9 R'.2$ H'B*$ (!=,#.!($ D"*$ ,*$ .*!$ 1&'2$ '$ (1*+!$ '&(*$ 1'+!'<#$ -.$ (1-..-./9$ L?!#+$ (*1"*B*+#$ 2#'+)$

. .

.

. .

.

!"#$ %&'((#()$ '%%*+,-./$ !*$ 0*112$ 3#.2#+$456789 :;$ !"-.<$ (!=,#.!($ /#!$ +#'&&2$ -.!*$ -!$ >#%'=(#$ !"#$ ?##&-./$ @*? $ '%A %*B1&-("B#.!C$ 2*=$ /#!$ '?!#+D'+,$ -($ (*$ D*+!"$ !"#$ 1'-.$ '.,$ (D#'!)E$ 3#.2#+$('-,9 F"#+#$ -($ '&(*$ '$ (*%-'&$ '(1#%!$

!"#$ %&'(($ '&&*D($ 1#*1&#$ !*$ >+-./$ ?+-#.,($ '&*./$ '.,$ /#!$ .*!$ *.&2$ '$ D*+<*=!)$ >=!$ '&(*$ "'./*=!$ !-B#9$ F"=()$2*=$%'.$#I1'.,$2*=+$(*%-'&$ %-+%&#$ '.,$ B##!$ .#D$ 1#*1&#$ D"*$ #._*2$(1-..-./$'($B=%"$'($2*=$,*9 L&(*)$ D"#.$ 2*=$ '.,$ 2*=+$ ?+-#.,($ '+#$ >#-./$ (=??*%'!#,$ >2$

1)3.(%7.%8%3+*&%.+%3#'*96:.$'&.'9.*(;'+#.)9.&+$))6". <#=&.(2+$.%'&*%3.>)3.(%.#).>)+2&.'>#%3.'.-))?.!)3@)2#. '9?.<.>%%6.(2+$.()3%.3%6'8%?".<#=&.'.-3%'#.3%(%?:.>)3. '98*%#:"A .

D"#.$ 1"2(-%'&$ #,=%'!-*.$ 409V98$ -($ .*$ &*./#+$ +#M=-+#,)$ -!$ -($ '$ /+#'!$ D'2$ !*$ %*.!-.=#$ #I#+%-(-./$ '.,$ (!'2$"#'&!"29 :;$ !"-.<)$ ?*+$ B2(#&?)$ @(1-.A .-./C$ D'($ '$ %*.G#.-#.!)$ '??*+,A '>&#$'.,$?=.$D'2$!*$#I#+%-(#$*.%#$ ;$ "',$ ,+*11#,$ B2$ 09V9$ 1#+-*,$ '!$ (%"**&)E$Y-B$('-,9 L&!"*=/"$ +-/*+*=($ '.,$ -.A !#.(#)$!"#$+#(=&!($!"'!$(1-..-./$*?A ?#+($ B'<#$ =1$ ?*+$ !"#$ ,-??-%=&!2$ *? $

B.C'3)6*9%.D2E%37.=/F. *? $ (1-..-./)$ D"-%"$ -($ 1+*G#.$ >2$ ;.(!'/+'B$ 1-%!=+#($ *? $ :(1-..-./$ !D-..-./9E :H1-..-./$ "'($ >#%*B#$ B*+#$ 1*1=&'+$>#%'=(#$-!5($'$?=.$<-.,$*? $ #I#+%-(#9$;!$"'($>#%*B#$'$(*%-'&$'%A !-G-!2$?*+$&*!($*? $1#*1&#)E$J'+*&-.#$ K=>#+$45678$('-,9 L%%*+,-./$!*$K=>#+)$(1-..-./$ "'($ !"#$ >#.#?-!$ *? $ .*!$ +#M=-+-./$ '$ /2B$ B#B>#+("-1$ *+$ &*./$ !#+B$ %*BB-!B#.!9$ F"#$ '%%#((->-&-!2$ *? $

&*',($*? $"*B#D*+<)$#I#+%-(-./$-($'$ /+#'!$ (!=,2$ >+#'<$ D"#+#$ (!=,#.!($ %'.$%&#'+$!"#-+$B-.,(9 :@c*-./$ (1-..-./C$ -($ _=(!$ ST$ B-.=!#($*? $B2$,'2$D"#+#$;$/#!$!*$ .*!$ !"-.<$ '>*=!$ (%"**&$ '.,$ _=(!$ "'G#$?=.)E$P#2.*&,($('-,9 ;!$-($'&(*$1+*G#.$!"'!$!"#$B*+#$ 1"2(-%'&$ '%!-G-!2$ '$ 1#+(*.$ 1'+!-%-A 1'!#($ -.)$ !"#$ (!+*./#+$ !"#-+$ '%'A ,#B-%($'.,$?*%=($>#%*B#9 :O*+$ B#)$ #I#+%-(#$ %#+!'-.&2$

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

!!"#"$%"&"'()*"'+,-*./0-,

"#"$%"&"'()*"'+,-*./0-,

<>.:)2.;3%>%3.#).+:+6%. )2#&*?%7.&%%.,'-%./G.'9?. +$%+@.)2#.H'().&#2?%9#&. !$).E*@%.+)(;%#*#*I%6:J

QdP;$\LNLHK;RL$e$!"#$%&'($"%$


=#/+#&-

1119+,-0%$2,'9:2$

G+'+37+*#HI2#IJHI ;%*-!<<

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`,+&*89

7,88'8H,%0":;<=>"&,/(?"#V''/8B")./&"*FF'3'("A'3&A'-)/1'?"$"8'1'3"G8'+"+.'3'",82"*F "02"-./4(.**("&)*3/'&"-,0'" F3*05"H%)"&''/8B","F,8),&2"-*0/8B"F3*0"1'32"3',4"3',4/)2"+,&"3',442"/0A*3),8)")*"0'?6

.7),'8991#,&0

D$`bDbf"Y$\DV

!!!!!!!!!"#$$%&'(')*!+,-!./$0!1'+,!2)-!3%$2#0!4#2+!"#$%#%&&'( K/+*L#M;/$(@,#N+0#$01#?(&3%85#;/+8@*+#-$8#+E&,(+0(&$45O

!)*+,*+-./%0%1#2+,'(

P+(+*#Q4+-+480#G$<&+,L#M;/$(#,'+%(+*@,#3$1+#."#-..15O R5S5#T$**&+L#MU+,2#-+442#-+#1.#1*+$3#.0#$#7)19+(#/+*+2#1.0@(#-+VO

!34%.566+*%&'(

?(+"L#M;/&,#&,#*&1&')4.),5#!(@,#'*$W85#!#"++4#4&>+#!@3#7$78,&((&092#+E'+%(# !@3#0.(#9+((&09#%$&15O

!"#$./',0$#^.'"E**8/'&6"/&"-./4(.**(",)"/)&" A%3'&)?"$)"a*/8&").'"4/G'&"*F "#^.'"V,8(4*)56"#V),8(" U2"D'6",8("#D2"E/346"F*3"/)&"+32"-.,30",8(" 8,%B.)290'')&9,8B'4/-",-)*3&?"bF)'3"J8(/8B"," A/3,)'")3',&%3'"0,A5"#^.'"E**8/'&6"_","B3*%A" *F ",(*4'&-'8)"H*2&"4/1/8B"/8","(*+80,3G')"&%H%3H" *F "c3'B*8"_"'8a*2"*8'"4,&)5"3,).'3",(1'8)%3*%&5" .%33,.5"H,))4/8B"<d)."-'8)%32"A/3,)'&"+./4'"&-.'09 /8B")*"&,1'").'/3"F,0/4/'&;".*0'&"F3*0"F*3'-4*&%3'?" \,-'("+/)."(325"2')"&'8)/0'8),4".%0*3",8(").'"*-9 -,&/*8,4".',3)9&)*AA/8B",-)/*8"J40"0*0'8)5"#^.'" E**8/'&6"/&","./4,3/*%&"8*(")*"-./4(.**(",(1'8)%3'" ,)"/)&"0*&)"/88*-'8)",8("+'4490',8/8B? !"#$%#&'((#)*+,-')!"#M.'8"$"&,+"

C^.'"E**8/'&5;"$"G8'+"$"+,8)'(")*"H'-*0'",8" ,-)*356"\/,0"Q*48'&&":;<e>5","F*30'3"0'0H'3" *F "V,0*;&",(1,8-'(",-)/8B"-4,&&",8(","-%33'8)" 0'0H'3"*F ").'"&-.**4;&"(3,0,"('A,3)0'8)"&,/(?" #$"+*%4("&''").'&'"G/(&"B*/8B"*8").'&'",(1'8)%3'&5" ,8("$").*%B.)5"CQ'25"$"-*%4("(*").,)")**?;"$"+,&" 3/B.)?6

./"-,",&&0 Mb`ZL`"U`cV?"@$I^]`LV

!"#$./',0$L1'32"B'8'3,)/*8".,&"/)&"('J8/8B"B3*%A"*F "-/8'0,)/-"#/)"B/34&56"+/).").'/3"-4*2/8B"

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

!"#$%#&'((#)*+,-')!"#$"%&'(")*"+,)-.")./&"0*1/'"+/)."02"&/&)'3",44").'")/0'56"7,8/9

'44'"7,+&*8":;<=>"&,/(?"#@'*A4'",3'"&*"-,%B.)"%A"/8")./&"+.*4'"CD',8"E/34&;"A.,&'").,)").'2"*F)'8" F*3B')"0*1/'&"4/G'")./&5"H%)"CI4%'4'&&;"/&"+.,)"$"B3'+"%A"+/).5",8("/)"+,&"02"J3&)"3',4"C-./-G"K/-G;"$" -*%4("+,)-."+/)."02"*4('3"&/&)'35"&*"/)"+/44",4+,2&"H'"CI4%'4'&&5;"8*)"CD',8"E/34&5;"F*3"0'?6

#*#'#+#*#*,"-).#/0-(120/ @b`bDc]Z^"@$I^]`LV


!"#"$%"&'()*')+() ,'-%./0

12)3#&

!!!"#$%&'()$*"+)(

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

S`B^8*ab^L*c*!"#$%&'($"%

!"!#$%&'(#6'2#'*5.12%5+%3.8)39)5.:;/<=.3'>>*%&.$*&.#%'(.!*#$.'.2%2. #'>?.'#.'.#)@35'(%5#.'#.,%5*5&@>'.A*-$.1+$))>.)5.B%95%&9'CD.E%+".F" N')1*8=1//&*/(*8+%.",+0:*d#=>*e>* ?.()*'$*(#7*%/*;+"$'%0*%1'$*0#+"*+(,* $%'&&*7/(> H!#*#<2#=%#,*'%*4"/9*[#$$'=+*A.%* %/*$##*T+,,0*7+&@*'(*%1#"#*+(,*,/* 71+%*$1#*,',*7+$*2"#%%0*=//&:K*]&+=@* $+',>

?.()*$1+"#$*$'9'&+"*$#(%'9#(%$> HI*7+$(E%*$."#*1/7*I*7+$*)/'()* %/*,/*+%*%1'$*%/."(+9#(%*$/*I*7+$* "#+&&0*2"/.,*/4 *90$#&4 *P71#(*I*%//@* G*"$%Q:K*?.()*$+',>*HI*7+$*&'@#*f7/7E*I* "#+&&0*1+;#*'92"/;#,*+*&/%>K *+,'*)-,."/)0#1,/(2+,1


!!!"#$%&'()$*"+)(

12)3#&

!"#"$%"&'()*')+() ,'-%./0

M.,8%(.#*/4,(/+(%)",6#&%/$,0#,)22./#/.9+%",#)8(%9%,(%2

J!?Z13E>#cEP?ZWJ#d#!"#$%&'(")

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

C%$$#<.#Q+$),#[./;.,#+(#')9.6#C'%2'# .:./-)".#%,#$))D%"&#*)/C+/;#()6O#>+7 $.9# ,+%;=# NE*(./# 8/.,.+,)"# C.# C%$$# <.# *)24,.;# )"# ('.# U.:./$-# +";# ?4$7 :./# &+9.,# %"# )/;./# ()# C%"# S12.+"T# 3.+&4.=O ?)$.9+"7U.$%"# ,+%;# ('+(# ('.# (.+90,# &)+$,# +/.# ()# C%"# 12.+"# 3.+&4.# +";# ()# 9+D.# %(# ()# ('.# ('%/;# /)4";# )* # ('.# ?+$%*)/"%+# !"(./,2')7 $+,(%2#@.;./+(%)"#A?!@B#2)98.(%(%)"= N^'%,# C%$$# 9)(%:+(.# 4,# ()# 8/+27 (%2.#'+/;./6O#>+$.9#,+%;=#N!#('%"D#C.# +/.# &.((%"&# ('./.# S+";T# !# ;.5"%(.$-# ('%"D#C.#2)4$;#'+:.#;)".#+#$%(($.#<%(# <.((./#<4(#%* #C.#8/+2(%2.#'+/;./6#C.# C%$$#&.(#<+2D#)4(#('./.=O *+"#'',"-).#*/-(01/*

P),(./#,'%*(,#+9)"&#<)-,0#,)22./#$.+:.#,\4+;#4"8'+,.;# :'#'&$'.45;'&*;-$% !"#$$%&'(")'

M.,8%(.#+#<498-#,(+/(#()#('.# <)-,0#,)22./#,.+,)"6#('.#(.+9#,(%$$# ')8.,#()#+;:+"2.#()#('.#?+$%*)/7 "%+#!"(./,2')$+,(%2#@.;./+(%)"# A?!@B#C'%$.#;.+$%"&#C%('#%"`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

%,#+#2."(./#9%;*%.$;./#+";#C'+(# !#'+:.#")(%2.;#%"#)4/#8$+-%"&#%,# ('+(#('./.#%,#+#$+2D#)* #9%;*%.$;=# J)(#'+:%"&#'%9#8$+-#'+,#;.*%7 "%(.$-#+**.2(.;#)4/#)4(2)9.,#%"# &+9.,=#X.#"..;#'%9#('./.#()# 2)"(/)$#('.#&+9.=O ^'.#(.+9#/.9+%",#)8(%9%,(%2#

N^'%,#(.+9#'+,#+#$)(#)* # 8)(."(%+$#()#<.#&/.+(6#%* #C.#`4,(# D..8#)4/#8/%)/%(%.,#,(/+%&'(#+";# D..8#2)9%"&#()#8/+2(%2.#/.+;-#()# C)/D6O#M)/,.-#,+%;= ^')4&'#>.//+")#C%$$#<.#)4(# *)/#+")('./#9)"('6#('.#(.+9#,(%$$# '+,#9+"-#".C#+;;%(%)",#,42'#+,#

<4(#`)%"%"&#('.#>+9)#,)22./# (.+9#C+,#C)/('#%(= Nb)4#(/+%"#.:./-#;+-#'./.# +";#%* #-)4#'+:.#+#&));#2)+2'# $%D.#)4/,6#-)4#;.:.$)8#+(#+#/.+$$-# *+,(#/+(.#%* #-)4#84(#%"#('.#/%&'(# (%9.#+";#.**)/(6O#M%+<#,+%;=# N^'.#$.+&4.#*)/9+(#+";#('.#2+/.#

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a"%)"#Z%&'#>2'))$6#U+49)'$# +";#/%&'(#<+2D#I+/-;#M)/,.-#A0GHB# ,..#942'#8)(."(%+$#%"#('.#(.+9# +";#&/)C%"&#%98/):.9."(=

('.#*/.,'9."#)"#('.#(.+9#+";# >+4;%#E/+<%+"#(/+",*./#,(4;."(# +";#2."(./#<+2D#E;+9#M%+<# A0GHB= N^'.#".C#&4-,#+/.#')$;%"&# ('.%/#)C"#)"#('.#(.+96O#>./7 /+")#,+%;=#N!(0,#+9+]%"&#')C#+$$# )* #('.#".C#8$+-./,#'+:.#/.+$$-# ,(.88.;#48=#X.#)"$-#'+:.#(."# ,."%)/,#)"#('.#(.+9#,)#('./.#+/.# 9+"-#4";./2$+,,9."#+";#('.-0/.# /.+$$-#84$$%"&#('.%/#)C"#C.%&'(=# !09#8/)4;#)* #C'+(#('.-0:.#<.."# ;)%"&=O M%+<#+;9%(,#('+(#9):%"&# */)9#>+4;%#E/+<%+#()#E9./%2+#+(# ('.#.";#)* #,499./#C+,#;%**%24$(6#

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

2*32#.(24-),"-).#*/-(01/*


!"#"$%"&'()*')+() ,'-%./0

12)3#&

!!!"#$%&'()$*"+)(

,-./01'2345.'67/7'389:040'47';52'6.3<4-<5'3;8'=3>5'0<?58:/5' D'@*%6.9)##*##' !"#$$%&'(")' @?5'=-./01'2345.'67/7'453>'?30' A5=:;'3';52'6.3<4-<5'.5=->5;'4?34' -4' A5/-5B50' 2-//' >3C5' 4?5' ,.55;-50' 04.7;=5.' 4?3;' 4?5-.' 7667;5;40D' @?5' ;52' 0<?58:/5' ?30' -;<.53058' 4?5'453>10'>7.;-;='6.3<4-<5'?7:.0' E.7>'F'3D>D'47'G'3D>D'9:04'427'83H0' 3' 255C' 47' E-B5' 83H0' 3' 255CD' @?505' 6.3<4-<50' 3.5' -;' 388-4-7;' 47' 4?5' 453>10' 83-/H' 427I?7:.' 3E45.;77;' 6.3<4-<5J' >3C-;=' 4?5' 4743/' 6.3<4-<5' 4->5' E7:.' ?7:.0' 3' 83HJ' E-B5' 83H0' 3' 255CD K73<?' L344?52' M/3;85.0' A5/-5B50' 4?34' 4?-0' 2-//' >3C5' 4?5' =-./0' >7.5' E-4' E7.' 4?-0' H53.J' 30' 4?5' ,.55;-50' 2-//' ->6.7B5' 3;8' A:-/8' 5;8:.3;<5' >7.5' 07' 4?3;' 4?5-.' <7:;45.63.40' 2-//' -;' 3' 0?7.45.' 3>7:;4'7E '4->5D N@?-0' 6:40' :0' >7.5' -;' 4?5' .3;=5' 7E ' 4?5' A5445.' 453>0' -;' 4?5' 3.53JO'M/3;85.0'03-8D'N@?5H'87'4?5' 03>5' 4?-;=J' 3;8' 4?5H' =54' 04.7;=5.' 3;8'E3045.DO P0-85' E.7>' <7>654-4-7;' 2-4?' 74?5.' 6.7=.3>0J' M/3;85.0' 3/07' 4?-;C0'4?-0'-0'4?5'.-=?4'>7B5'E7.'4?5' 6.7=.3>'30'3'2?7/5D NQ5' 23;458' 47' 43C5' 4?5' ;5R4' 0456'30'3'6.7=.3>JO'M/3;85.0'03-8D' NQ51//' 87' 4?-0' 2-4?' 02->>-;=' -;' 4?5' 06.-;=J' 3;8' 4?5;' 2-4?' A7H01' S2345.'67/7T'-;'4?5'E3//DO P<<7.8-;=' 47' M/3;85.0J' .5I 067;050' 47' 4?5' ;52' <?3;=5' ?3B5' A55;'=778D''@?-0'?5/658'47'A7/045.' ?-0' 76-;-7;' 4?34' 4?5' ;52' .5=->5;' 230'4?5'.-=?4'23H'47'=7D NU' 87;14' 4?-;C' 4?34' 4?5.510' .5I 3//H' A55;' 3;H' .50-043;<5' 47' -4D' @?5' =-./0'3.5'E-.58':6JO'M/3;85.0'03-8D (5067;050' E.7>' >5>A5.0' 7E ' 4?5' 453>' -405/E ' ?3B5' -;8558' A55;' 670-4-B5D' L3</3-;' V5;;58H' W1XYZ' A5/-5B50'4?34'4?5'5R45;0-B5'6.3<4-<5' -0'3'>53;0'47'3;'5;8D NU' 4?-;C' 4?5' >7.;-;=' 02->' 6.3<4-<50' ?3B5' >385' :0' E3045.' 3;8' 04.7;=5.D' ' )5-;=' 4?5' E3045.' 453>' -0' 3'?:=5'38B3;43=5D''U410'?5/658':0'07' E3.'4?-0'05307;'A:4'-4'2-//'?5/6'>7.5' 7;<5'25'A5<7>5'>7.5'E3>-/-3.'30'3' 453>JO'V5;;58H'03-8D

@?-0' 230' 5B-85;4' 8:.-;=' 4?5' E-.04' =3>5' 7E ' 4?5' 05307;J' -;' 2?-<?' 4?5' ,.55;-50' 27;' 4?5' >397.-4H' 7E ' 765;-;=' 06.-;40' E7.' 4?5' A3//' 530I -/HD' @?5' =-./0' :058' 4?5-.' ->6.7B58' 06558'47'A534'4?5-.'7667;5;4J'`7:I -0B-//5'&-=?'#<?77/J'2-4?'3'0<7.5'7E ' GIFD''@?-0'230'3'B3/-834-7;'E7.'4?5' 0<?58:/5J' 30' `7:-0B-//5' 230' ;74' 3;' 530H'7667;5;4'47'7:4>34<?D [7.<30'V7;='W1XaZ'?30'3'0->-I /3.'B-52'7E '4?5';52'6.3<4-<50D''#?5' 4?-;C0' 4?5' <?3;=5' -0' 3' ;5<5003.H' 63.4' 7E ' 4?5' 6.7=.3>10' ->6.7B5I >5;4D NU410' ?3.8J' A:4' -410' =7-;=' 47' A5;5E-4' :0' -;' 4?5' /7;=I.:;J' 07' U1>' ?366H'2-4?'-4JO'V7;='03-8D''NU'4?-;C' M/3;85.0' 032' ?72' >:<?' 25' ->I 6.7B58'2-4?'/3;8'6.3<4-<5J'3;8'5RI 63;858'-4'07'4?34'25'<7:/8'->6.7B5' 5B5;'>7.5DO P0'63.4'7E '4?5';5R4'0456'E7.'4?5' 6.7=.3>J'M/3;85.0'85<-858'47'?3B5' 4?5'453>'6/3H'427'47:.;3>5;40'A5I E7.5'A.53CD NU' 23;4' 4?5>' 47' =54' 30' >:<?' 5R65.-5;<5'-;'A5E7.5'/53=:5'=3>50' 30'4?5H'<3;JO'M/3;85.0'03-8D''N%/3HI -;='47=54?5.J'04.345=H'3;8'2?34;74D'' Q?3410' 47:=?' -0' 4?34' A5E7.5' A.53C' H7:1B5' =74' E-;3/0D' ' U;' !3;DJ' 4?5.510' >7.5'4->5J'A:4'25'?3B5'47'E7<:0'7;' /53=:5'=3>50D''P4'/5304'4?-0'H53.J'25' ?3B5' ;7' =3>50' 7.' 3;H4?-;=' -;' 4?5' 255C'A5E7.5'E-;3/0D''%/3H5.0'0?7:/8' ?3B5'5;7:=?'4->5'47'04:8HD''$B5.HI 7;5'?30'47'6/3H'4?.55'47:.;3>5;40D'' @?-0'-0'4?5'23H'U'06/-4'-4':6DO ,73/-5' #-5..3' V5//H' W1X_Z' 4?-;C0'4?-0'0<?58:/5'?30'?5/658'4?5' 453>' 47' A5<7>5' 3' >7.5' <7?50-B5' E7.<5D NU4'A.-;=0':0'47=54?5.'2?5;'25' ?3B5'47'6/3H'>7.5'=3>50J'4?34'23H' 25'/53.;'53<?'74?5.10'04.5;=4?0'3;8' 253C;50050J' 3;8' 25' 27.C' 47=54?5.' A5445.JO'V5//H'03-8D''NQ?5;'25'6/3H' 3' /74' 7E ' 47:.;3>5;40J' 2?-<?' 3.5' >385' :6' 7E ' 3' A:;<?' 7E ' =3>50' -;' 3' .72J' 4?5' -853' 7E ' 6/3H-;=' 3' 0-;=/5' =3>5'055>0'23H'530-5.DO V5;;58H' 3/07' 3=.550' 4?34' 47:.;3>5;40' 2-//' ?5/6' 4?5' 453>' 47' =54'5R65.-5;<5'-;'38B3;<5'7E '4?5-.' /53=:5'=3>50D N$R65.-5;<5'4?34'H7:'<3;'7;/H'

!"#$%&'(")#"*+!"#$%&'()%#&

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

6/3H'34D NQ?5;' H7:' /77C' 34' .5<7.80J' H7:'3/07'?3B5'47'/77C'34'0<?58:/50D'' Q5' ?3B5' 3' B5.H' ?3.8' 0<?58:/5JO' M/3;85.0'03-8D''NU'4?-;C'7:.'0<?58I :/5'-0'3A7:4'3';-;5'7:4'7E 'XbJ'2?-/5' 07>5'0<?77/0'6/3H'3'0<?58:/5'4?3410' 3A7:4'3'E-B5'7:4'7E 'XbD''Q51.5'4.HI -;='47'A:-/8'3'6.7=.3>D''U'4?-;C'4?34' 2-4?' 4?5' ;52' 0<?58:/5' -;' 6.3<4-<5J' 6/:0'4?5'?3.85.'0<?58:/5'7E '=3>50' 2-//' 3//72' :0' 47' 43C5' -4' 47' 4?5' ;5R4' /5B5/DO @?:0'E3.J'4?5'=-./0'?3B5'6/3H58' -;'427'47:.;3>5;40'7;'427'<7;05<I :4-B5' 255C5;80c' 4?5' )5;07;' K:6' @7:.;3>5;4'E.7>'*7BD'\d'47'[5<D' \' 3;8' 4?5' ]-//3' %3.C' @7:.;3>5;4' E.7>'[5<D'F'47'[5<D'GD'U;'388-4-7;' 47' 4?505' 47:.;3>5;4' =3>50J' 4?5' 453>' ?30' 3/07' 6/3H58' 323H' =3>50' 34' $/' [7.387' &-=?' #<?77/' 7;'

[5<D' Y' 3;8' (587;87' ^;-7;' &-=?' #<?77/'7;'[5<D'_D'@?7:=?'4?5'=-./0' 3.5'4-.58J'V7;='366.5<-3450'4?5':/I 4->345'A5;5E-4'4?505'=3>50'6.7B-85' 47'4?5'453>10'0C-//'3;8'5R65.4-05D NU4' -0' 3' 6?H0-<3/' <?3//5;=5' 47' 6/3H' 07' >3;H' =3>50J' 3;8' H50J' 25' 3.5' 4-.58JO' V7;=' 03-8D' N&725B5.J' 4?5.5'-0';7'A5445.'23H'47'6.7B-85':0' 2-4?' 4?5' 5R65.-5;<5' 3;8' 6.3<4-<5' 25' ;558' 47' 2-;' S"<53;T' `53=:5D' $B5;' -E ' 25' 87;14' 2-;' 5B5.H' =3>5J' 6/3H-;=' 3=3-;04' 453>0' 4?34' 3.5' 07' =778' =-B50' :0' 3' /5B5/' 7E ' 6/3H' 47' 27.C'4723.80DO @?5' =-./0' 2-//' <7;4-;:5' 6.3<I 4-<5' 4?.7:=?7:4' 2-;45.' A.53CD' @?5-.';5R4'47:.;3>5;4'-0'4?5'Q504I 5.;'@7:.;3>5;4'7;'!3;D'aI_D *+,""(""#-".)/#0,.(12,0

,-./01'A30C54A3//'A5=-;0'05307;'2-4?';52'<73<?J'L3.-03'#-/B504.F*'@38.5'@!"#$$%&'(")' #3>7' 07<-3/' 04:8-50' 453<?5.' L3.-03' #-/B504.-' -0' 4?5' ;52' ?538' <73<?' 7E ' =-./01' A30C54A3//' E7.' 4?5' \bX\IXa' 05307;J' 3E45.' 427' H53.0' 30' 4?5' =-./01' A30C54A3//' 300-043;4' <73<?D #-/B504.-' ?30' ?38' >:<?' 6304' 5R65.-5;<5'2-4?'<73<?-;=D NU' ?3B5' A55;' <73<?-;=' =-./01' A30C54A3//'E7.'4?5'6304'Xb'H53.0'-;' 6.563.34-7;' E7.' 7;5' 83H' ?3B-;=' >H' 72;' 6.7=.3>JO' #-/B504.-' 03-8D' N@?5'A504'<73<?50'U'?38'=.72-;=' :6'25.5'3/07'7;I<3>6:0'453<?5.0J' 07' 3E45.' >H' <3.55.' -;' A30C54A3//' 5;858' 30' 3' 6/3H5.J' -4' A5=3;' 30' 3' <73<?DO ]3.0-4H' 67-;4' =:3.8' L5?3C' [5/323//3'W1XaZ'<7;0-85.0'#-/B504.-' 5R<564-7;3/'34'>74-B34-;='3;8'-;I 45.3<4-;='2-4?'4?5'6/3H5.0D NU' 4?-;C' 0?5' -0' =.534' 2-4?' 3//' 4?5' =-./0JO' [5/323//3' 03-8D' N#?5' ?30' A55;' ->6.500-B5' 30' 3' <73<?' 3;8'-0'B5.H'5;<7:.3=-;='47'3//'?5.' 6/3H5.0DO ]3.0-4H' 67-;4' =:3.8' @39-' L<V-;/5H' W1XaZ' 0?3.50' 0->-/3.' B-520'7E '#-/B504.-D N#?5' -0' B5.H' 25//' 6.563.58' 2-4?':0e'5B5.H'7A043</5'25'E3<5'30'

3'453>'25'6.3<4-<5'?3.85.'47'E-RJO' L<V-;/5H'03-8D'N#-/B504.-'-0'3'B5.H' 7;5I7;I7;5' <73<?' 2?-<?' >53;0' 0?5' ?5/60' 2-4?' 3;' -;8-B-8:3/10' 04.5;=4?0'3;8'253C;50050DO P<<7.8-;=' 47' [5/323//3J' #-/I B504.-' -0' ->6.7B-;=' 4?5' 453>' AH' 04.500-;=' 4?5' ->67.43;<5' 7E ' <7I 765.34-7;' 3;8' 5>6?30-f-;=' 53<?' 6/3H5.10' :;-g:5' <7;4.-A:4-7;' 47' 4?5'453>D

#-/B504.-' A5/-5B50' 4?34' >-;8' 054'6/3H0'3'B-43/'.7/5'-;'0:<<500'30' 3'453>D N@?-0' H53.' U' ?765' 47' -;04-//' 4?5' 6.-;<-6/50' 7E ' <7>>-4>5;4' 3;8'8545.>-;34-7;'-;'3<<7>6/-0?I -;='3;H'=73/'2-4?'4?5'H7:;='/38-50' 7;'4?5'453>JO'#-/B504.-'03-8D'NU'3>' ->6.50058'2-4?'4?5-.'3A-/-4H'47'->I 6/5>5;4' ;52' -8530' 3;8' <7;<5640' 3;8'6/3H'4?.7:=?'38B5.0-4HDO

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

U;' [5/323//310' 76-;-7;J' 4?5' 05307;'043.458'25//D NK:..5;4/H' B3.0-4H' -0' 6/3H-;=' -;'4?5'%3/-03850')53<?'U;B-434-7;I 3/' 3;8' ?30' 043.458' 7EE ' 2-4?' 3' 2-;' 7B5.' !5EE5.07;' &-=?JO' [5/323//3' 03-8D

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f58D N@?5'453>'-0'<:..5;4/H'27.CI

-;=' 7;' /53.;-;=' ?72' 47' 6/3H' 30' 3' 453>JO' L<V-;/5H' 03-8D' ' NQ5' 3.5' B5.H' :;E3>-/-3.' 2-4?' 53<?' 74?5.' 07'25'3.5'/53.;-;='?72'47'A3/3;<5' 4?5' <?5>-04.H' 3;8' :05' -4' 47' 7:.' 38B3;43=5DO #-/B504.-10' >54?780' 0:667.4' 4?-0'85B5/76>5;4D N@?5' 04.345=-50' U' :05' 2-4?' 4?-0' 453>' 3.5' A5-;=' E-.>J' <7;0-0I 45;4' 3;8' <5;45.58' 7;' 4?5-.' 85I B5/76>5;4' 30' 3' <7?50-B5' :;-4JO' #-/B504.-'03-8DN@?-0'H53.10'453>'-0' :;-g:5'-;'4?34'4?5H'?3B5'07'>3;H' 8-04-;<4' 65.07;3/-4-50' 3;8' H54' <3;' <7>5' 47=54?5.' 7;' 4?5' <7:.4' 3;8' E558' 7EE ' 7E ' 7;5' 3;74?5.10' 5;5.=H' 47'2-;'=3>50DO [506-45' :;E3B7.3A/5' 7880J' =-./01'B3.0-4H'A30C54A3//'2-//'E:/E-//' 3;8' 5R<558' 5R65<434-7;0J' 3<<7.8I -;='47'L<V-;/5HD N@?-0' 05307;' -0' 0:EE5.-;=' A5<3:05' 7E ' 4?5' ?5-=?4' 8-038B3;I 43=5JO' L<V-;/5H' 03-8D' N#-/B504.-' ?30' 3' 6/3;' E7.' 5B5.H4?-;=' h' 25' 3.5'3'B5.H'g:-<C'453>'3;8'7:.'85I E5;05' -0' 6?5;7>5;3/' 07' #-/B504.-' ?30' 6/3H0' 4?34' E-4' 7:.' <363A-/-4H' 3;8' 04.7;=' 67-;40J' A:4' 25' 3.5' 3' 453>'7E ':;85.87=0'4?34'2-//'077;' =54'4?5'<?3;<5'47'0?72'7:.'43/5;40' 7;'4?5'<7:.4DO "3#45-".)/#0,.(12,0


!!!"#$%&'()$*"+)(

12)3#&

!"#"$%"&'()*')+() ,'-%./0

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`D,(#4 6/@& >6+?& +?*& $*/6"1$a& '*3(2$*& +?*#& +1*(+& -*& ,6)*& (& ,6++,*& '1"+?*19R& O"/(?& I(+?*>$&$(67; E"(3?& B*3?+& +?6/)$& D"$6+6.*,#& +">(17&7(6,#&D,(#&(/7&+?*&E(,60"1/6(& M/+*1$3?",($+63&b*7*1(+6"/&TEMbU; Pc(3?&(/7&*.*1#&7(#9&>*&(1*&+1#4 6/@&+"&@*+&(&,6++,*&'*++*1&(+&$"-*+?6/@9R& B*3?+& $(67;& PQ*& >(/+& +"& '*& D,(#6/@& "21& '*$+& '($)*+'(,,9& *$D*36(,,#& `0"1&

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&:MEBYALC&dL]EBc:&e!"#$!%&'(#)

!"#$%"&"':.;3%<*&.='+>&)9.?@/AB.&$))#&.'.#$3%%C2)*9#%3.*9.1'()@&. DECDA.5)&&.#).F)G)5'.H*-$.1+$))5.*9.#$%.&%(*CI9'5&.)J.#$%.1'().K'&C >%#7'55.;)L39'(%9#" EMba&6/&b*';&B"D*02,,#&>*%,,&'*&+?*1*9& (/7&M&+?6/)&>*&>6,,;R 8?*& '"#$& (,$"& ?(.*& ?6@?& ?"D*$& 0"1&+?6$&$*($"/&(/7&?(.*&+?*&7*$61*&+"& @"&($&0(1&($&+?*#&3(/&6/&EMb; PQ*& (1*& -"1*& (+?,*+639& +(,*/+*7&

(/7&-"1*&"0 &(&+*(-&+?6$&#*(19R&I(/4 36/6&$(67;&PQ?(+&(1*&>*&-"$+&,"")6/@& 0"1>(17& +"& +?6$& $*($"/f& 8>"& >"17$g& +?*&16/@;R !"!#$%!&'(!)$"*(+,-*"


!"#"$%"&'()*')+() H*?1%-L

ME"0:(

KKK9:;1(*#";29)"#

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

,-&.%''#/.&,'"%-&B-#%/2*&#/3,$3%26 R98&@-,'"%-&.%'*&:+&('&2(1/4& .%'*&"#*&*':BB &-%(284&$%(3%*4&-#2%*&]L&,-& ),-%&)#$%*&(/2&'"%/&"%<*&@(0A&@%B,-%& S<)&%3%/&(1(A%4T&G$%Z&9:*0(&*(#26& R[:'&1"%/&"%<*&/,'&,/&"#*&@#A%4&"%<*& 0$%(/#/.&+(-'*6&I%<*&0,/3#/0%2&)%& ',&.,&,/&*,)%&-#2%*&1#'"&"#)4&@:'& S&($1(8*&D:*'&%/2&:+&"(3#/.&',&+$(8& 0('0"K:+6T I(A,),-#&1",&#*&($*,&(&)%)K @%-&,B &7"%&N%$,&O$:@&H(&P-(/.%& *(#2&'"('&#'&1(*&9:*0(&1",&.,'&"#)& #/3,$3%2&1#'"&080$#/.6 R5,)%&'#)%&2:-#/.&B-%*")(/& 8%(-4&7,))8&0,/3#/0%2&)%&',&'-(#/& 1#'"&"#)&B,-&(&=LL&)#$%&0"(-#'8&-#2%4T& I(A,),-#&*(#26&RX/0%&1%&(00,)K +$#*"%2&'"('4&S&A%+'&,/&080$#/.&(/2& "(3%/<'&$,,A%2&@(0A&*#/0%6T Q/$#A%&H#/&(/2&9:*0(4&I(K A,),-#&"(*&/,'&@%%/&(@$%&',&-(0%& B,-&'"%&+(*'&*%(*,/&2:%&',&"#*&+-#,-& 0,))#')%/'&',&5(),<*&0-,**&0,:/'-8& '%()6&I%&",+%*&',&-(0%&'"#*&/%Z'& *%(*,/6& H#/&(/2&9:*0(&*(#2&'"('&'"%8& '-8&',&)(A%&*:-%&'"('&'-(#/#/.&(/2& -(0#/.&2,/<'&.%'&#/&'"%&1(8&,B &*0",,$K 1,-A6&G00,-2#/.&',&H#/&(/2&9:*0(4& '"%#-&D:/#,-&'%()&.,%*&'"-,:."&",:-*& ,B &'-(#/#/.&(&1%%A4&:*:($$8&('&J\^L& ,-&W&(6)6&#/&'"%&),-/#/.6&G00,-2#/.& ',&9:*0(&'"%-%&(-%&(@,:'&=E&',&EL& ",:-*&(&1%%A&,B &+-(0'#0%&2%+%/2#/.& ,/&1"%'"%-&#'<*&,/&,-&,BBK*%(*,/6&H#/& *(#2&2:-#/.&'"%&*:))%-&'"%-%&(-%& (-,:/2&E>&",:-*&,B &+-(0'#0%&(&1%%A6 R!%&"(3%&(&0,(0"&1",&#*&(& B,-)%-&/('#,/($&0"()+#,/4&I($2(/%& 9,--#*4&(/2&"%&.#3%*&:*&(&'-(#/#/.& *0"%2:$%4T&H#/&*(#26&RP%/%-($$8&1%& '(A%&9,/2(8*&,BB4&7:%*2(8*&(-%& #/'%-3($*&1"#0"&)%(/*&1%&"(3%&"#."& #/'%/*#'8&1,-A,:'*&B,-&*",-'&(),:/'*& ,B &'#)%4&!%2/%*2(8&#*&%/2:-(/0%& (/2&7":-*2(8&#*&@(0A&',&#/'%-3($*6T 9:*0(&*(#2&'"%&1,-A,:'&0,/*#*'*& ,B &0(-2#,&(/2&+-(0'#0%6&G00,-2#/.& ',&0,(0"&9,--#*4&080$#/.&-%_:#-%*&(& $,'&,B &%/2:-(/0%&'-(#/#/.&(/2&*%$BK ),'#3('#,/6 R7"%8&"(3%&',&1(A%&:+&%(-$8& #/&'"%&),-/#/.&,-&.,&(B'%-&*0",,$& ',&'-(#/&B,-&(&*+,-'&'"('&-%_:#-%*&2%K '%-)#/('#,/6&7"%-%&(-%&'#)%*&1"%/& 080$#/.&.%'*&,3%-1"%$)#/.4T&9,--#*& *(#26&RS&-%)#/2&'"%)&%3%-82(8&,B &'"%& .,($&'"%8&*%'&,:'&',&(00,)+$#*"&(/2& '"%8&($1(8*&+%-B,-)&',&'"%&

7X99c&9Q5OG&d&!"#$%&'($"%

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

9:*0(&($*,&.,'&5(),&'-(0A& '%()&)%)@%-4&H(**($$%&',&0,)+%'%& 1#'"&"#)&#/&'"%&9:228&[:228&a(0%4& "%$2&#/&5(/&`#)(*4&O($#B,-/#(6&7"%& -(0%&1(*&(&*1#'0"K,BB &,B &),:/'(#/& @#A#/.&(/2&-://#/.6&7"%&9:*0(K H(**($$%&'%()&+$(0%2&B,:-'"&,:'&,B & >>L&'%()*6 H#/<*&-%0,-2*&(-%&0$:@K"%$2&(/2& *+(/&'"%&"#*',-8&,B &'"%&0$:@<*&>^& 8%(-*6 R9#/%&(/2&7,))8<*&B(*'%*'& *+-#/'&1(*&>=&)#$%*&+%-&",:-&;)+"?& ,/&b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

[,'"&H#/&(/2&9:*0(&*(#2&'"%& #/D:-#%*&(-%&,/$8&(&*$(+&#/&'"%&B(0%& '"('&"%$+*&'"%)&B,0:*&@(0A&#/&,/&'"%& .()%6 RS/D:-#%*&2,/<'&-%($$8&(BB%0'&)8& ,:'$,,A&,/&-(0#/.4T&H#/&*(#26&R[:'& *#/0%&),*'&,B &)8&#/D:-#%*&#/&'"%&+(*'& "(3%&@%%/&-%$('%2&',&0-(*"%*4&'"%8<3%& )(2%&)%&@%0,)%&),-%&0-#'#0($&,B & )8&@#A%&"(/2$#/.&*A#$$*6T `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

D8%$"'%E01810%:"%F"%$"'0% 52G23?%23F""0(6%(11%H*?1% -B%*3F%?1:%1I)2:1F%*5"':% (E23323?J !"#!$%&!'()*+()%$",(&-.,"

Profile for Lily Cain

Cycle 3  

The Samohi Newspaper Cycle 3 2012

Cycle 3  

The Samohi Newspaper Cycle 3 2012

Profile for thesamohi
Advertisement