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To better understand this context it is important first to understand what led the royal family to leave Portugal. At the beginning of the year 1808, the kingdom faced serious problems and was on the verge of being invaded by the troops commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte. Without military support to support a war against France, the then prince regent, D. JoĂŁo VI, opted for the flight of the Portuguese royal family to Brazil.

History of Brazil: The Arrival Of The Royal Family and Its Consequences


Do you want to learn more about the History of Brazil ? This article was conceived by the Professional Education Focus team in order to address the main characteristics of the Brazilian imperial period. We are going to deal with themes that will clarify all your doubts that cover the time of the First Reign, going through the Regencial Period, until arriving at the Second Reign. To better understand this context it is important first to understand what led the royal family to leave Portugal. At the beginning of the year 1808, the kingdom faced serious problems and was on the verge of being invaded by the troops commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte. Without military support to support a war against France, the then prince regent, D. Jo達o VI, opted for the flight of the Portuguese royal family to Brazil. In January 1808, the Portuguese royal family and thousands of court members landed in Rio de Janeiro and Salvador protected by the English fleet, the only ally of Portugal at the time. As a sort of "reward" for the aid, D. Jo達o signed the treaty of opening of the ports to the friendly nations, which was at the beginning of Brazil Empire. With the arrival of so many nobles, D. Jo達o then opted to expropriate several properties in order to shelter them, which generated great unpopularity. In 1808, Banco do Brasil was founded. Among many other events, it was highlighted the change of names of captaincies, which came to be called provinces from 1821. You may even remember having studied all these facts in their history classes. Still in 1821, with the fall of Napoleon, D. Jo達o VI returned to Portugal leaving his son, D. Pedro I, like prince regent. The prince became emperor of Brazil shortly after. In the Online Course History of Brazil portal you can have a complete picture on this subject and Brazilian history as a whole.


First Reign: Its Role and Its Importance in the History of Brazil

The First Kingdom can be described as the time when Dom Pedro I ruled Brazil. According to the historical context this period was marked by many divergences, since the transition from Cologne to the Empire resulted in the conflict of interests of many influential people at the time. In 1822 D. Pedro was summoned to return to Portugal, because his father, on learning that all were pressing him to no longer obey the Portuguese orders, tried to intervene. However, because of the great outcry of the population for his stay, he decided to stay. January 9, 1822 was marked in the History of Brazil as the " day of the fico " and was characterized by the famous phrase of the then prince regent: "If it is for the good of all and general happiness of the Nation, I am ready! to the people that I am ". On September 7, 1822, during a trip on the banks of the Ipiranga River, D. Pedro again received a message from the court summoning him. Willing to ignore the Portuguese orders he decided to declare Brazil's independence there, uttering the following phrase: "IndependĂŞncia ou Morte". This fact marked the beginning of Brazil Empire , that is, the country ceased to be a colony of Portugal and passed to the Imperial post. The United States , in 1824, was the first nation to recognize Brazil's independence. At this point in history , Brazil was divided basically into two groups: the conservatives and the liberals. Of course, the Conservatives advocated a form of government totally focused on the monarchy. Liberals, however, wanted a monarchy in which the emperor's government was limited, that is, power had to be somewhat "divided." As the first great act, the ruler called the constituent of 1823, which aimed at the creation of the first Brazilian constitution . Nevertheless, the assembly was canceled, because it generated many conflicts, since D. Pedro I wanted to centralize the power only in him, the constitution was only presented in 1824, by the own emperor. Because of this, some revolts appeared, like the Confederation of the Ecuador, that soon was repressed by the troops of the Empire.


Historical context: the main features of the First Kingdom

The First Kingdom lasted from 1822 to 1831, a period marked by several important events. After the presentation of the constitution, the power of the Empire began to be divided into four fundamental pillars, totally centralized in the emperor: 

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Power moderator: reserved to the emperor. This was the supreme power in the imperial period, that is, it granted maximum powers, and could annul decisions of the other powers; Executive power: executed by the emperor and the ministers of state who were appointed by him; Legislative power: permanent deputies and senators idealized the laws; Judicial branch: composed of judges appointed by the emperor himself.

Among the main laws of the constitution of 1824 were census voting (for income), the conception of a government based on hereditary monarchy, the validity of slavery and Catholicism as the official religion of the Empire. However, the Church lost much of its power and became subordinate to the Empire. The Professional Education Focus has a history course unique in that you can delve into more details about this content.


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History of Brazil: The Arrival Of The Royal Family and Its Consequences  

Do you want to learn more about the History of Brazil ? This article was conceived by the Professional Education Focus team in order to addr...

History of Brazil: The Arrival Of The Royal Family and Its Consequences  

Do you want to learn more about the History of Brazil ? This article was conceived by the Professional Education Focus team in order to addr...

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