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The Roanoke Star-Sentinel POSTMASTER: Dated material, please deliver by publication date

Community | News | Per spective

January 16, 2009

TheRoanokeStar.com

Carilion, Cigna host business forum on health care costs

Fred First

Chestnut Revival

P4– Fred First reports that the American Chestnut may stand tall once again in American forests.

Big Upset

P7– Patrick Henry defeats William Fleming on the hardwood in a game that goes down to the last second.

If you want to see Carilion Clinic CEO and President Dr. Edward Murphy get fired up, ask him to talk about unnecessary costs and administrative waste that might add $700 billion dollars a year to the country’s bottom line where health care coverage is concerned. But a system that rewards physicians and hospitals for how many people they treat – not for wellness programs and efficiency – is a major hurdle to reform. That was Murphy’s message on Tuesday to about 75 doctors, health care providers, health insurance bro-

Former DNC Chair Terry McAuliffe Holds Town Hall Meeting Te r r y McAuliffe is one of three candidates vying for the Democratic nomination for Governor of Virginia in 2009. McAuliffe, Terry McAuliffe a Northern Virginia resident who served as Democratic National Committee Chair from 2001 to 2005, is challenging Senator Creigh Deeds of Bath County and Delegate Brian Moran of Alexandria for the party’s nomiPolitics nation in a June primary. Virginia’s Attorney General, Bob McConnell, is unopposed for the Republican nomination for Governor. McAuliffe had one word for Roanokers on hand at a town hall meeting last Thursday,

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Super Summit

P10– VWCC holds its second annual technology summit for high school students across the valley.

> CONTINUED P3: McAuliffe

kers and business leaders during a Murphy, who likes to cite a 2007 forum at Hotel Roanoke. Carilion book by Shannon Brownlee called and health care provider Cigna spon- “Overtreated� told the audience that sored the half-day session, one that there is some evidence that “lots of Cigna has conducted elsewhere in extra stuff,� ordered by some doctors the country. can cause complications Various standards for and diminishing returns Carilion Clinic the practice of medicine in on health care. This counthe United States makes it try would save $700 billion more difficult to get a handle on cost if the 30% waste figure Murphy menreduction said Murphy, who noted tioned could be cut from the current that a Medicare study indicates that system. “We need to get our arms extra spending for medical care “does around that.� Managed health care in the ‘90’s not make a difference,� on the quality didn’t quite work (“we hated it,� said of care in many cases.

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Murphy) because there were too many referrals needed – “Mother May I?� he called it. While some criticize the rationed health care in Canada and Great Britain, Murphy said there is indeed rationed health care in the U.S. – only it is based on economic factors, like who can afford it, not on a lack of equipment and physicians as in countries with single-payer government-run coverage. Physician accountability, practice> CONTINUED P3: Healthcare

[City News]

French Ambassador impressed with new Museum

Vice Mayor Lea receives criticism and support for stance on prayer

Photo by Gene Marrano

Pierre Vimont speaks with Taubman museum curator David Brown (right) during a private tour.

]

Photo by Valerie Garner

Members of the Garden of Prayer No. Seven church give testimonials of support for Vice Mayor Sherman Lea during last Sunday’s service. When the topic of religious freedom comes into conflict with civil liberties the debate heats up on message boards, blogs, and letters to the editor. The online Star City Harbinger authored by attorney, Hank Bostwick, evoked the ire of Vice-Mayor Sherman Lea this week with

his blog topic, “Prayer controversy stoked for political purposes?� Lea posted in response, “for you to imply that I conceived this for some kind of political gain is beyond belief.� Lea closed his comment to > CONTINUED P2: Prayer

The French Ambassador to the United States said Monday that he was impressed by the new Taubman Museum of Art in Roanoke, recalling what another avant-garde facility did for the small seaTaubman port of Bilboa, Spain. That city had seen a downturn in its shipbuilding business. “Culture can be very helpful for a city,� said His Excellency, Pierre Vimont, noting the

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> CONTINUED P2: Taubman

He’s now a “Car Less Brit� after selling his wheels Acting on an impulse, River Laker sold his ‘91 Volvo station wagon last November and then vowed to use his bike, walk or use other transportation methods for the next six months. Now the Roanoke resident and development coordinator for Roanoke City Public Libraries is letting others follow his experiment on a blog, found at http:// carlessbrit.tumblr.com/. (Laker also has a Facebook page). P11– Taubman Museum of “Its kind of an environmental experiAr t Director, Georganne ment [as well],� said the Old Southwest Bingham, announces that resident. Parking in his neighborhood, she’ll retire in 2009. which is not always easy, helped him decide to sell. “I think it’s the excitement of the unknown – what’s going to happen without a car?� It was much easier for Laker to get around with just a bike or on foot in his native England, especially when he went to London during college and could take “the Tube,� AKA the subway. Now through his blog on Tumbler and Facebook, complete with home made videos shot while he rides a bike, walks or bums a car ride from someone else, Laker is sharing his six-month 400-0990 subscribe@theroanokestar.com journey: Postings on his blog to date, PO Box 8338 Roanoke,VA 24014 two months into the six-month com-

Job Well done

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Roanoke Star Sentinel

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Photo by Gene Marrano

River Laker braves the recent cold weather as he goes car-less for at least six months. mitment, have generally been support- sanity for going car-less in the winive and praise Laker for reducter. “It’s quite funny,â€? Laker ing his carbon footprint. chuckles. He’s heard from Personality He’s not “the stereotype ‌ people all over the country. greenie,â€? but does recycle evHe hopes the “Car Less Britâ€? ery week. Other postings question his raises the profile of green issues, and

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has read comments from people in Roanoke County, hoping to see more bus lines that could enable them to become car–less as well. Since selling the Volvo, Laker has battled with pedestrians over the use of sidewalks and learned that traffic signals won’t trip for cyclists. He’s also learned to be more efficient with his day planning when venturing out. The Car Less Brit experiment attracted the attention of Jeremy Holmes, program director with the Ride Solutions initiative for the Roanoke Valley- Alleghany Regional Planning Commission. Ride Solutions promotes biking, walking, car pooling and other transportation alternatives. “What I like about what River is doing is that he’s treating this whole thing as an adventure and big experiment,� said Holmes. “Its interesting to show people what the challenges are if you’re going to go all the way – what does it take to get around? I think what we’re seeing is that it’s not that difficult... particularly if you’re having fun with it.� > CONTINUED P3: Car-less Brit


Page 2 | The Roanoke Star-Sentinel | 1/16/09

>2173BenninPrayer gton Street From page 1

TheRoanokeStar.com

Buck Mountain Road 4.45 acres ZonedC2

at Riverland Road / Rt. 1 6 New Retail Center 2,000 square feet available 2,725sqftsubleaseavailable

Bostwick with, “wishing you God’s Blessings.” Chris Berry, who serves on Roanoke’s Economic Development Authority, posted on Bostwick’s blog January 11th that “if Sherman Lea is committed to conducting a one man crusade against the separation of church and state, his actions and those of his fellow council members need to be examined in the light of day.” Except for his defense on Bostwick’s blog and answering questions from the media, Lea has quietly made the decision to take himself out of the invo-

cation rotation. The Rev. Harold Sumner invoked the name of “Jesus” repeatedly at Council’s January 5th invocation. Lea said in a phone call that Rev. Sumner was in the rotation before the A.S. Cooper email was received. He added that “he doesn’t know who is giving the invocation until he sees it on the agenda like everyone else.” Lea expects the issue will be discussed at the January 22nd Council Meeting. It all started with the email signed by a suspect name of “A. S. Cooper” though Eddie

Johnson who lives on Cove Road suggested that the “A.S.” could be a euphemism for “Alice” Cooper of 1970’s rock fame. Here is the unedited email in its entirety: “Its illegal to have nonsecular prayers in Roanoke City Council...Mr Leas prayer tonite invoking the name of Jesus Christ in a publicly paid political forum is illegal and offensive to the many religions in Roanoke City....the Council is to have no religious bias and is to serve all citizens regardless of religion......I have CCd the ACLU and will write other organizations including the Attorney General of the US the assure that these transgessions against the Citizens will not oc08 cur again. Please desist in these transgressions immediately or face possible lawsuits.” A.S.Cooper Photo by Valerie Garner William Hackworth, Roanoke City Attorney, when pre- Pastor Shadrack Brown, Jr., and Sherman Lea enjoy applause and support from the "Men In Contact Tom Branch or Mike Branch sented withora Mike list of Branch possible Black" chorus at the Garden of Prayer No. Seven church. Contact Branch 4552 Franklin Road,345-7821 S.W., Roanoke, Virginia 24014 Tom options that Council might leBOL 08 BOL 08 Road, S.W., Roanoke, Virginia 24014 Phone: 540-774-1208 | Fax: 540-774-13594552 | Email:Franklin bmc@branchmgt.com gally consider stated that “All located on Cove Road. Lea, a prayer dilemma at City Coun- and Barber Shop on Melrose Phone: 540-774-1208 | Fax: 540-774-1359 Danville | Email:native, bmc@branchmgt.com was ordained cil meetings. Ave said that Lea has been an of these are options.” The list There was no shortage or inspiration since he has been of options included having no a minister in 1991 before movContact Tom Branch or Mike Branch invocation at all, a moment of ing to Roanoke in 1992. The shyness in their expressions of at this church - “He is full of 4552 Franklin Road, S.W., Roanoke, Virginia 24014 Phone: 540-774-1208 | Fax: 540-774-1359 | Email: bmc@branchmgt.com silence, nonsectarian/inspira- large round temple catches the support for Sherman Lea and the Holy Ghost.” Contact Tom Branch or Mike Branch 4552 Franklin Road, S.W., Roanoke, Virginia 24014 words or having prayer eye as drivers on Hershberg- his open reference to the name Church Elder and Associate Contact Tom Branch or Mike Branch tional Available Management Corp.Space specializes in unique solutions to| Fax: meet your needs. Phone: 540-774-1208 540-774-1359 | Email: bmc@branchmgt.com 4552 Franklin Road, S.W., Roanoke, Virginia 24014 er Road approach the crest of Jesus. Minister Bill Bulls and his wife 10 minutes before the opening Branch Management Corp. specializes in unique solutions to meet your needs. Phone: 540-774-1208 | Fax: 540-774-1359 | Email:specializes bmc@branchmgt.com Branch Management Corp. in unique solutions to meet your needs. Sandra Banks said of Lea “he Betty, the church secretary, Expanding | Downsizing |Ownership Ownership | Leasing | Selling | Selling of the Council meeting either across from Home Depot. The Expanding | Downsizing | | Leasing For more information on these and other properties that we have available, please visit Expanding www.branchmgt.com today!| Downsizing | in Chambers or in adjoin- |sanctuary Ownership | the Leasing Sellingwas at capacity and stands for and about prayer - encouraged Lea to stay in the or more information on these and otherCorp. properties that we have available, Branch Management specializes in those in the back rows could he is doing the right thing.” invocation rotation exclaiming room where the public pleaseManagement visit today! Branch specializes inon unique solutions meet your needs. Forwww.branchmgt.com moreCorp. information these andtoother properties that we have view available, the service watching large Daisy Savage wished that ing, “we are doomed if we take unique solutions to your Branch Management Corp. specializes inmeet unique solutions toneeds. meet your needs. could choose to attend or not. visit| Leasing www.branchmgt.com today! Expanding | Downsizingplease | Ownership | Selling Expanding | Downsizing | Ownership | Leasing | Selling This week the U.S. Supreme projection screens on each Roanoke City Council would Christ out of everything.”   d For more information on these and other properties that we have available, e   rinformation James Hamm, Jr., the PasFor more on these properties that we have available, today! Court refused to hear an ap- side of the room. The “Men in “stand back and take a good ty please visit www.branchmgt.com other  and  atu er please visit www.branchmgt.com today!

   Black” chorus sang as organ look at the blessing that havtor’s Adjutant, summed up the Fe rop peal of the Fredericksburg  P        and drums played. Women ing a man of God like [Lea], feelings of the congregation City Council’s policy. The        prior ruling by the Fourth U.S. danced in the isles while oth- who is an inspiration for oth- calmly stating that “Lea is the best, he should do what is best Circuit Court of Appeals’ up- ers stood clapping their hands. ers.” er The front of the church bulleDenise Stanley has known for him.” Hollins at Palmer held Fredericksburg’s policy at Palmer er Hollins 802 Kerns Avenue Business Center 802 Kerns Avenue Business Center 802 Kerns Avenue Hollins at Palmer tin read, “Where the Spirit of Lea a long time saying he is Inside the bulletin was the prohibiting specific religious 24 acres For Sale or Lease 24 acres s For Sale or Lease For Sale or Lease Build toCenter Suit 802 Kerns Avenuean advocate for people in need message “Treat everyone you to Business Suit 100,000 sq ft Friendliness Meets All Com100,000 sq ft references in prayers. it WillBuild Will Subdivide Subdivide 100,000 sq ft 24 acres For Sale or Lease while Dr. Anthony Hall asked, meet as you want to be treate This past Sunday, Vice-May- ers.” Build to SuitSpace • For Sale or Lease Warehouse ft After the 100,000 service sq Pastor “the ACLU to come explain ed.” or Sherman Lea was praising Will Subdivide 7704 Enon Drive Roanoke, VA the name of “Jesus Christ” as Shadrack Brown, Jr., invited who the God is on the monBy Valerie Garner he sat at the altar as Associ- members of the congregation ey?” • 24,000 sq. ft. • Manufacturing & Warehouse Space Valerie.Garner@cox.net Tony Holland, a barber at ate Minister of the Garden to give comment and support • l -1 Zoning • 30 Parking Spaces Bennington Street 2173 Bennington Street concerning Sherman Lea’s More Than A Touch Salon of Prayer No. Seven church Buck Mountain Road erland Road Rt. 116 Buck Mountain Road at/Riverland Road / Rt. 116

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4.45 acres New Retail Center New Retail Center Zoned C2 square feet2,000 available square feet available Old Rocky Mount Road Peters Creek Road q ft sublease available 4552 Franklin 2,725 sq 10 ft sublease available Road, S.W. , Roanoke, Virginia 24014 acres 4.9 acres

4.45 acres Zoned C2

> Taubman

Build to Suit Great office location | Fax: 540-774-1359 | Email: bmc@branchmgt.com et Ph: 540-774-1208 Will Subdivide Buck Mountain Road 6 2173 Bennington Street 4.45 From acres page 1 er Zoned C2 eRiverland Road / Rt. 116 New Retail Center e 1354 8th Street Blue Ridge Drive feet available 000 square 1354 8th Street 26,000 sq ft available 3.236 acresBlue Ridge Drive 26,000 sq ft available 3.236 acres Will Subdivide 25 sqBuild ft sublease available to Suit

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Peters Creek Road 10 acres Peters Creek Road e Build to Suit 10 acres Will Subdivide s Build to Suit Will Subdivide Blue Ridge Drive it

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• Seller offering $5000 toward purchase of unit if closed by new year.

Old Rocky Mount Road 4.9 acres Great office location

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Vimont was invited from was able to fill up the great Washington D.C. to Roanoke space under the atrium roof. by 6th District Congressman The career diplomat noted Bob Goodlatte for a United that the entrance to the faWay dinner that honored bled Louvre museum was donors. “[From] all over Eu- also controversial when it rope and from America peo- opened 20 years ago. ple are coming to this city in Vimont made time to speak 8th Street Spain [Bilboa].1354 I hope that on Monday with representa26,000 sq ft available for Roanoke the thing tives of the National D-Day Willsame Subdivide will happen.” Memorial in Bedford, which Taubman Board of Trust- honors Americans that fought ees chairman John William- on the beaches of Normandy,   along son,    with Nicholas France during World War II. 

and Jenny Taubman (who Local residents involved with donated $15 million to the St. Lo, France (one of Roamuseum) were on hand to noke’s sister cities) were also greet Vimont Old andRocky give him meet with Vimont, a keyMount to Road a private tour 4.9 of the facility. note speaker that night duracres Former Advance Auto CEO ing the Tocqueville Society of Great office location Nicholas Taubman was until United Way of Roanoke Valrecently, the U.S. Ambassa- ley dinner. French students dor to Romania. from William Fleming High “I think it’s very impressive School put on a presentation to arrive in a nice city like for Vimont at the event. Roanoke and find out about On the political front Vi[this] museum,” said Vimont, mont noted that France “was comparing the Taubman’s very active,” in trying to work glass and steel atrium to the out a cease-fire between the Louvre’s entrance in Paris. Israelis and the Palestinians,

“keeping in contact,” with other countries in the area. “We have to take into account what are the main problems there,” said Vimont, noting that Hamas shelling of territory in Israel must stop. Vimont said the relationship between France and the United States during the Bush administration was good and getting better, but added that there was “great interest and excitement,’ in working with Barack Obama. “There is a lot of work to do together on issues like Afghanistan, the Middle East, the financial and economic crisis, climate change – you name it. We can keep on improving the relationship between Europe and America. We really need to work together.” By Gene Marrano gmarrano@cox.net

Experience The Gathering St. John’s Episcopal Church: Jefferson at Elm The Gathering happens every Sunday evening and offers a casual acoustic worship service & Christian formation for all ages. Register for Adult Mini-Courses! Call St. John’s: (540) 343-9341. www.stjohnsroanoke.org i i i i i i

A 40-minute Communion service with music at 5 pm. A light meal at 5:45 pm. Youth group, children’s music, and compelling adult “mini-courses” on topics of broad interest from 6:15-7:15 pm. Come for worship, come for Christian formation, or come for both! Retro Café Faith Class for K-5th grade, Youth Group (middle & high school), and Children’s Choir offered during each session. Casual dress is expected! Free Childcare is available.

Course: Jan. 4-Jan. 25 (4 Sundays) i Financial Sanity: Financial Well-Being & Spiritual Life Course: Jan. 4-25, Feb. 8-22 (7 Sundays) i Explorer’s Classes: Faith & the Episcopal Church Course: Feb. 1 (1 Sunday) i Meet St. John’s Newest Staff Members Course: Feb. 8-March 8 (5 Sundays) i Addiction: The Family Disease Course: March 1-March 15 (3 Sundays) i Caring for Creation



Course: March 15 (1 Sunday) i Soup, Soap, and Salvation: The Musical Story of the Rescue Mission Course: March 22-April 5 (3 Sundays) i Celtic Christianity and Anglican Thought Course: April 19-May 24 (6 Sundays) i Exploring the Way: The Christian Spiritual Life Course: April 19-May 10 (4 Sundays) .i Islam Course: May 17-May 24 (2 Sundays) i Personal Storytelling: A Way to Deeper Faith


TheRoanokeStar.com

> Healthcare

Roanoke Star Week

From page 1

based case management and more efficient provider structures are needed said Murphy: “[we are] squandering resources.” A system that rewards hospitals and doctors “that do more,” rather than promote wellness and pay them for prevention, is a root cause of the problem according to Murphy, who oversees a health care system that has been charged at times with being noncompetitive price-wise - a claim he denies. The fragmented and varied ways health care providers work in this country are “enemies of quality and efficiency,” said Murphy. “We see it every day.” The current model he also noted is unsustainable, heading towards more business failures and personal bankruptcies if health care costs are not reeled in, instead of far outstripping GDP. That unsustainability argument was also a theme from keynote speaker Steven Aldana, a Utah-based consultant who works with companies on wellness and health care cost issues. Aldana noted today’s more sedentary lifestyles, the proliferation of fast foods and video games have led to skyrocketing rates of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, etc. “Gravy has become a beverage,” joked Aldana, showing slides that depict many southern states as being the worse, health wise. Changing to a much more healthy lifestyle may add 10-20 years to someone’s life said Aldana, but who will help motivate those that would benefit most? “What incentive does your physician have… to prevent diseases?” asked Aldana. “Health care is a misnomer … disease care, that’s really what

of the

Dr. Kim Lower, Audiologist with Jefferson Surgical Clinic, is originally from Fort Washington, Maryland. She graduated from Flagler College in Florida, received her Masters Degree from UVA., and her PhD in audiology from the Arizonia School of Health Sciences. She and Randy Lower married in 1989. They have two daughters, Caroline 16, and Lee Anne 15, and make Photo by Gene Marrano their home in Southwest Keynote speaker Steven Aldana speaks about wellness at County. Among her many Hotel Roanoke. interests are the Roanoke it is, [but] who in this group is willing to make less money?” Symphony Orchestra, Mill Mountain Playhouse, hiking to the He also doesn’t see the free market correcting itself, which is Mill Mountain Star, Luigis, and Va. Tech football games. where government intervention may come into play. “We spend 50 percent more than other industrialized By Jim Bullington countries [and] we’re not as healthy,” said Cigna Mid-Atlantic Have someone in mind for “Roanoke Star of the Week?” president Thomas Martell as he opened the forum. “We’re not E-mail Jim Bullington: JBullPhoto@hotmail.com getting a great return.” By Gene Marrano

Healthcare Story Correction / Clarification

The January 2nd Roanoke Star Sentinel article, “Uninsured Pay Highest Prices for Health Care,” states that “families of four earning between $21,200 and $84,800 annually do not receive free, but rather reduced cost care" under Carilion’s charity care policy. In fact, reduced cost care takes effect when the annual income for a family of four reaches $42,400. If the annual income for a family of four falls below $42,400 charges may be fully waived. A Carilion spokesperson notes that Carilion, and in fact all not for profit hospitals, no longer calculate charity care using "list price" but rather cost of care. As a result of an Internal Revenue Service revision of charity care reporting practices in 2007, this is currently true. Pri-

or to 2008 (the full extent of the revision does not take effect until 2009), many hospitals did calculate charity care using full charges, or list prices, rather than cost of care. Reported numbers for Carilion charity care have been inconsistent as late as 2008. In a 2008 Roanoke Times article, “Growing Pains Nip Carilion’s Income,” Carilion's 2007 charity care total was reported to be $99.7 million. That 2007 total was adjusted to $42 million in a recent Wall Street Journal article. The January 2 article explored the practice of hospital “list pricing” and how this system negatively impacts the uninsured in the United States. Carilion figures were cited as a local example of this important national issue.

> McAuliffe From page 1

held downtown at the Claude Moore Education Complex – JOBS. “Job creation is something I’ve done my whole life,” said McAuliffe, a very visible supporter of Hillary Clinton during last year’s presidential campaign. According to McAuliffe his first job was at age 14, when he caddied on a golf course, making only $8 for five hours of work. Besides his private business savvy McAuliffe was instrumental in fundraising for the Democratic Party. “You negotiate a deal that makes you money,” said McAuliffe of his past experience. On hand at the town hall meeting was Dave “Mudcat” Saunders, a Roanoke County Democratic strategist who was instrumental in helping Mark Warner garner the Southwest Virginia vote when Warner ran for governor. Saunders said that he “likes Terry and

has been friends with him for a long time.” During the question and answer period Saunders asked McAuliffe, “Do you like to hunt?” To which McAuliffe replied, “I love to hunt. I am a big supporter of the second amendment rights.” Saunders, also an early supporter of nowU.S. Senator Jim Webb, said, “That’s all I wanted to know.” Saunders loves to talk hunting and fishing, whether making an appearance on cable TV programs or just speaking among colleagues. Virginia Democratic Party Chair Dick Cranwell, a Vinton resident, was noncommittal when asked whether he would endorse McAuliffe or any of the other Democrats vying for the nomination. State Senator John Edwards (D-Roanoke) spoke highly of McAuliffe though he is not endorsing any candidate just yet.

1/16/09 |The Roanoke Star-Sentinel |Page 3

Referring to the excessive amount of time it takes to call the General Assembly back into session to fund a special economic development project, McAuliffe expressed frustration: “by the time I get them back [a business opportunity has] gone to North Carolina or Georgia.” On education McAuliffe said, “it was a disgrace that we [in Virginia] don’t pay our teachers the national average.” McAuliffe said he is “offering something different,” than Deeds or Moran, believing that Virginians will want someone with business experience to come in and “generate economic activity.” Asked if he had any endorsements, McAuliffe said “you bet…we’ll be rolling them out soon.”

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> Car-less Brit From page 1

According to Laker, Holmes encouraged him to blog about, “how someone lives a pretty normal life without a car.” Ride Solutions and Roanoke City Public Libraries are now sponsors of Laker’s experiment, with the library planning a series of environmental presentations on alternative modes of transport and other green issues. Grocery shopping has been the biggest challenge, but Laker has negotiated with a local convenience store that now carries skim milk just for him – no more navigating busy streets by foot or by bike to a major food store just to avoid a few more grams of fat. Laker says he has sort of a lead foot and wasn’t the best driver anyway - and his ’91 sta-

Send your articles, story ideas and pictures to: info@the roanokestar.com

tion wagon may have needed a lot of repairs - so being carless for at least six months may be good for his wallet - as well as for the environment. “Its an experiment and an adventure,” said Laker, adding that the

“worst thing” might be that he has to buy another car after six months. By Gene Marrano gmarrano@cox.net

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Perspective

Page 4 | The Roanoke Star-Sentinel | 1/16/09

TheRoanokeStar.com

What the General Assembly can Science and Devotion do to help Virginia’s economy Rehabilitate a Fallen Forest Giant

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he historical evidence is clear: States that keep spending and taxes low exhibit the best economic results, while states that follow the tax-and-spend path lag far behind. Tax-and-spenders have less economic prosperity in the good times and fall further into debt in the recessionary times. Virginia has added to that body of evidence: Our state spending more than doubled in the last decade, our taxes increased by historical amounts during the last five years, and today we see the result in a $3 billion budget shortfall as the economy slows. Many of our state legislators have lacked fiscal discipline. First, when faced with a budget surplus, they spent it on increasing the size of government and creating new programs that would need ongoing funding. Second, when their overspending led them into deficits (both alleged and real), they attempted to make up the difference by raising taxes substantially. As the General Assembly convenes this month and faces a multi-billion dollar budget shortfall, what should legislators do with this mess they created? There are some spending cuts on the table, but there are also proposals to raise taxes. Economic theory and the experience of other states have shown that tax increases are counterproductive and can actually slow our economic recovery. A recent publication by the American Legislative Exchange Council, Rich States/ Poor States, gives an analysis of the economic policies of all 50 states. Economists Arthur

Laffer and Stephen can’t or won’t leave Moore show which the state, they will policies foster ecosimply pass on the nomic growth and increased tax burden prosperity in one to the consumer (the state and economic individual taxpayer) malaise in another. in the prices of their The report shows goods and services. that increasing So what’s the pretaxes can increase scription for Virgovernment revginia? Laffer and Brian Gottstein enue for a while, but Moore point out that there is a point where taxes get especially in times of economic high enough that any further slowdown, it is much more efincrease will actually reduce tax ficient to lower taxes on both revenue. This is partly because businesses and individuals and excessive taxes decrease the in- let the resultant increase in pricentive for people to work hard- vate economic activity increase er to earn more money, because state revenues, rather than trythe more money they make, the ing to create artificial governhigher they are taxed. As they ment income through high taxchoose to not be as productive es. Their data confirmed that as they could be, they make less during the last recession, the income, are therefore taxed less, states that cut taxes to stimulate and spend less in the economy. their economies were hit the Additionally, states with high least by the slowdown. taxes and spending tend to lose Our state legislators should their most wealthy and pro- heed the evidence in Rich ductive citizens. These citizens States, Poor States. To help Virmove to states that impose less ginia’s economy and ensure its of a financial burden. Accord- citizens’ future prosperity, they ing to the authors, often these need to move ahead with their former citizens are the “high- proposed spending cuts, but est achievers and those with they must be accompanied by the most wealth, capital, and tax cuts, not tax increases. The entrepreneurial drive,” leaving report demonstrates one simple the state much less economi- economic fact: No state has ever cally productive without them. taxed its way into prosperity. When the wealthy leave a state, Low taxes increase the incentive it also reduces the tax base, and to work, and thus increase intherefore, revenues to the gov- come, wealth, and investment. ernment. Low taxes also increase the miIncreasing taxes on business- gration of new businesses (jobs) es doesn’t help either, because if and skilled workers into a state, businesses can move to lower increasing the number of taxtax states (or to other coun- payers and their prosperity, and tries), they will, and they will therefore, revenues to the state. take their jobs with them. This increases unemployment which, Contact Brian at again, decreases tax revenues to bgottstein1@yahoo.com the government. If businesses

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tance found in the carbon. Chinese Chestnut But we know very have, with no small little of the ecoeffort, patience, logical properties of expense and skill, chestnut since forbeen mixed by back estry science as such crossing with the did not exist prior American genetic to the tree's demise. instructions found Native chestnut is in surviving trees. fast growing--more The resulting hybrid so than native black Fred First carries 15/16ths walnut or red oak. (94%) of the original What impact its retree's genes. distribution will have on existIt is worth noting that much ing forest species is unknown. of the work leading up to toEspecially in botanically day's successes in chestnut unique places like the forests of breeding have taken place the Smokies, there are laws and nearby--at the research farms regulations that in their present of The American Chestnut state would prohibit "human Foundation in Meadowview, interference" or the introducVirginia near Abingdon. tion of a cultivated plant. Will There, only in the past few the "new" chestnut be considyears, viable trees (in small ered a native or an introduced numbers yet) have been pro- species? duced that are visibly identiAs nursery stock of the new cal to the American chestnut form of American Chestnut of 100 years ago but hopefully becomes available, seedlings possessing 100% blight resis- will meet high demand. One tance. One such tree was plant- proposed habitat for planting ed on the north lawn of the is on the denuded and theoWhite House on Arbor Day in retically reclaimable flats that 2005 and is reported to be do- were once mountaintops. Exing very well. periments in growing chestnut The ultimate hope, of course, forests on coal mine spoils are is that American Chestnut will already underway. Learn more reclaim its place in the land- at http://is.gd/b9FT scape of eastern woodlands: The return of this native spe"restoration ecology" the dream cies seems likely, a future realiis being called. “But into that ty that will speak to the tenacity forest dark and deep, miles to of this special tree that against go before we sleep.” all odds has clung to life for a The availability of chestnuts century, waiting for the care of for future forests is particularly foresters, scientists and lovers timely as the once-common of the natural world who could Eastern Hemlocks die (of in- not bear to live without it in vasive insect damage) and pro- their forests once more. duce openings in the canopy. As an especially fast growing Contact Fred at species, chestnuts rank high fred1st@gmail.com for their ability to produce biomass that captures and stores

Bouten Hassan

sometimes wonder at the forces which have shaped me, including especially that shaping of childhood of which I was unaware at the time. Bouten Hassen is one of those little fixtures of my mind which refuses to be buried by the patient working of time; resistant to the abolition of the years. We all have such remembrances; little things; no particular reason for their permanence. I dip myself in the warm afternoon sun of my boyhood and Bouten is there. He was a neighbor, a farmer in the small rural hamlet where I grew up. Ancient when I first met him, he was a small man; pared lean to barest physical necessities by years of manual toil. Bouten was not designed to arouse precipitate passion. He assumed no elegancies: his face corrugated and

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hat's 100 feet tall, disappeared from the forest in your grandparents' times, and may once again cast shade in the days of your great grandchildren? The answer—The American Chestnut. Make that 94% American Chestnut. Covering over three thousand square miles of eastern woodlands from Maine to Florida and from the North Carolina Piedmont west to the Ohio Valley, The American Chestnut was once our dominant woodland tree, a beautiful and economically important constituent of the forest. Noticed first in 1904, a severe blight wiped out more than three billion American chestnut trees in the following decades. The blight was the most destructive disease ever to strike American Forests. Panic logging probably wiped out living trees that some think might have carried resistance to the disease. And the mighty spreading chestnut tree that once sheltered Wordsworth's village simply disappeared from the forest, seemingly forever. But there is very good news. Persistent genes in stump growth and remnant populations of un-blighted American chestnuts (like the those planted in 1885 in a forest in Wisconsin, beyond the natural range for the tree and the wildfire spread of the blight) carry the tree's "bloodline" into our day. Hope has returned to the story of this missing majestic member of your grandfather's forest: science has evolved, solutions are at hand. The genes for blight resis-

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Find the answers online: TheRoanokeStar.com Have a clue and answer you’d 52 like to see? email: puzzles@ theroanokestar.com

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15 Musical productions 46 Make lace 15 Musical20productions Cart for hauling heavy things 46 Make lace 47 Lodger Back of heavy a boat things 49 Hotdog holder 1 Baby's "ball" 47 Lodger 20 Cart for22hauling 26 North of the Beehive State 50 Former USSR's secret police 5 Indonesian island 22 Back of27a boat 49 Hotdog holder 53 Sports event Asian nation 9 Tier Beehive State Former USSR's secret police 26 North of28the 50wds.) Dales 55 Sea inlet 13 A cozy room (2 29 Circular basin with steep walls. 57 Mid-Eastern dwellers 14 Among 27 Asian nation 53 Sports event 60 Alack's partner 15 Musical production 28 Dales 30 Spanish coins 55 Sea inlet 31 King of beasts 62 Ruined 16 __ girl with steep walls. Mid-Eastern dwellers 29 Circular33basin Influence 63 Constructed 17 Strong cord 57 30 Spanish34coins 60 Alack's partner 64 Shopping __ Provide housing for 18 Give as an excuse Dine 65 Veer 19 Roanoke''s first beasts Ruinedmovie 31 King of 35 62suburban 36 Loud advertising and promotion house 66 Dry 33 Influence 63 Constructed (US slang) 67 Fencing sword 21 Afloat for 34 Provide39housing 64 Shopping __ Light cake 68 Decays 23 Shekel 35 Dine 40 Child Floor covering65 Veer n 24 movie 42 Trustworthy DOWN 25 Stressful and promotion 36 Loud advertising 66 Dry 43 Puff 29 Rotating machine part. (US slang) Fencing sword 67 46 A rough struggle or fight. 1 Loose 30 Appeal 39 Light cake 68 Decays 48 Moving at an easy pace. 2 To love and respect highly. 32 Delaware 3 Started 33 Not crunchy 40 Child 49 Whose treasure is supposed to be buried outside of Bedford? 4 Soon 36 Successors DOWN 42 Trustworthy 50 Painter Freida 5 Ba 37 To imitate usually in joking manner. 43 Puff 51 Crack filling 6 With 38 Dirt fight. 46 A rough52struggle Groups oforeight bits 7 Edge 39 Chicken brand 1 Loose in pace. was maybe not such48 a good -54 8 This 40 Other __ Moving at Break an easy highly. 2 To love and respect Russia --! (from The Abyss) 41 Gone to lunch treasure is supposed to be 49 Whose 56 3 Started 57 Abdominal muscles (abbr.) 9 Spread out 42 Mount (2 wds.) buried outside Soon 58 Fear of Bedford? (plr.) 10 Ball holder 43 Swimming ___ 4 To broadcast. Utilize Freida 11 Time period 50 Painter 59 ng44manner. 5 Ba 61 Drink 12 To go about quietly on foot. 45 Mined metals 6 With 51 Crack filling

seamed; his hand-rolled cigarettes lip-wet after the first draw; his beaten bib overalls; his sweat stained snap purse out of which he would with knobby stiff fingers laboriously count change. Even then, before I knew the word `atavistic,' I knew he was that; like some remote human ancestor. When I awoke in the mornings of late spring, I would focus sleepily out of my bedroom window and there he would be in the hay field across the road; a small pile of denim crowned in straw. Beginning in a corner with a weather-bleached scythe, he would begin. Like a metronome of earthly time, his tool swung to an ancient mark, counting off the moments of the centuries. And at noon, shy the time it took to have a quiet smoke and to reshape the failing edge of his blade with a whetstone, he was still at it, the burden of the field gradually yielding to his persistent labor. By evening it would be done. Given sunlit days, he would be back forty-eight hours later; raking the hay by hand, turning it to dry. Another two days would pass and I would be roused by the crackling and snap of broad black and metal tack as he guided his horses and hay wagon to the field. He gave them no commands; it wasn't necessary. They had been many years in partnership with the old man. It was this day that amazed me the most. Moving through the rising mist of first morning, he would begin to patiently fork the hay onto his wagon. The stack grew higher and higher; the throwing harder and harder. But despite his years and the obvious effort required, I never saw him short a load. Whenever he returned the wagon to the barn, the hay always sat even with the side-racks. Why did he work so when all around him had machines and hired hands? Money played a part, I suspect. And this is the way he had always harvested, probably reluctant to give up the familiar. Beyond even that, he did it so because his father and grandfather - and his father had harvested this way, and so on back to the times when man came in from the forests and ceased to wander; and first planted his hopes and his crops in the richness of the earth. Bouten Hassen. Atavistic. I hope he sleeps well... Lucky Garvin is the author of the new book, “The Oath of Hippocrates” available on-line and at all local bookstores.

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Publisher | Stuart Revercomb | stuart@theroanokestar.com | 400-0990 Features Editor | Pam Rickard | pam@theroanokestar.com | 400-0990 News Editor | Gene Marrano | gmarrano@cox.net | 400-0990 Production Editor | Stephen Nelson | stephen@theroanokestar.com | 400-0990 Technical Webmaster | Don Waterfield | webmaster@theroanokestar.com | 400-0990 Advertising Director | Vickie Henderson | advertising@theroanokestar.com | 400-0990 The Roanoke Star-Sentinel is published weekly by Whisper One Media, Inc. in Roanoke, Va. Subscriptions are available for $44 per year. Send subscriptions to PO Box 8338, Roanoke,VA 24014. We encourage letters from our readers on topics of general interest to the community and responses to our articles and columns. Letters must be signed and have a telephone number for verification. All letters will be verified before publication.The Star-Sentinel reserves the right to deny publication of any letter and edit letters for length, content and style. All real estate advertised herein is subject to national and Virginia fair housing laws and readers are hereby informed that all dwellings advertised in this newspaper are available on an equal opportunity basis.


Perspective

1/16/09 |The Roanoke Star-Sentinel |Page 5

TheRoanokeStar.com

Cruising the James from Richmond to Tidewater

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llied Chemical enough time to “do it right.” Company domi- I wouldn’t get out much. nates the south We had launched the boat, shore of the James River at unfolding it into the beautiHopewell, and the multi- ful craft that it is, at a fishtude of weird-looking lights erman’s boat ramp immeadorning the place at night diately downstream from makes for a festive scene on the high-rises of Richmond, one hand, an eerie sci-fi set- within a stone’s throw of the ting on the other. Navigating last rapids of the James. Capa small boat through here tain Christopher Newport, at midnight is interesting. John Smith, Gabriel Archer We’re headed for what ap- and twenty soldiers made pears to be, according to the their way up the river to this chart, a decent anchorage in point, where the navigable a shallow bay just beyond the water ends, on May 20th, Benjamin Harrison Bridge. 1607, only a few days after It will be nice to throw down arriving at Jamestown. Paythe hook, crowd into the cozy ing homage to their King, cabin, eat a late dinner, and James I, they named the rivbutton up the boat for the er and first settlement after night. The rain, which earli- him. The Englishmen found er was a mere suggestion, has the area well-settled by nabecome rather persistent. tive peoples, but, happily, The three of us on board they found no evidence of have been looking forward to the Spanish. They returned this early spring trip all win- to the site of Jamestown, ter. The plan is to journey confident that that location the entire navigable part of would serve well as the site the James, from the for the settlement falls of the river at and fort, not to Richmond, to the mention strategiChesapeake Bay, in cally hidden from my friend Frank’s the cursed Span24-foot trimaran iards. They were sailboat. To the unbrave and hearty initiated, a trimamen, soon to find ran is a boat with out that the Spanthree hulls, one ish were the least large center one of their worries. and two smaller The stretch of John W. Robinson slender ones on the James just each side, outrigdownstream of ger fashion, with Dacron Richmond is one of lush netting stretched between growth overhanging the wathe hulls. Frank’s “First ter, punctuated by some seLight” has a clever feature rious industrial operations. whereby the small hulls can First off is the sprawling be folded alongside the cen- Richmond regional sewage tral one, thereby enabling it treatment plant, fascinating to be placed on a trailer for in itself. Beyond that, there the road. Such an option, of are going concerns dedicourse, greatly increases the cated to the processing and boat’s adventure potential. shipment of sand and gravel, We have three days allocat- and there are a few hulking ed for this particular cruise plants which reek of paint, which, alas, is only enough oil, and chemicals. Here and time for a cursory peek at there along the river are rustthis historic and fascinat- ing, abandoned operations of ing stretch of river. But if industrial commerce, their I always waited until I had machinery quiet, the various

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mechanical sounds replaced by the cries of birds. It wasn’t long before we left such signs of industry behind and the riverside became remarkably wild in appearance. The river between Richmond and Hopewell passes through several wildlife refuges and conservation areas; it’s quiet and pastoral, with little boat traffic. At Varina, the I-295 bridge soars overhead, the beautiful golden geometric design of it, and its whizzing traffic, a world away. I poke a bent serving spoon at the steaming pot of noodles cooking on the single-burner backpacking stove. The aroma of the spices in the bubbling soup is most enticing. The rain pelts the cabin roof, but we are relatively warm and dry. Nods and smiles all around convey the fact that this is a welcome place of rest indeed. “First Light” is a sailing vessel, but in the upper part of this 100-mile stretch, the river is too narrow to do much sailing, so our propulsion is provided by a small outboard motor. The little Honda putts merrily at the stern as we watch the majestic shoreline scenery pass. Majestic, for one thing, because of the surprising level of natural beauty, to which I alluded. There remain huge tracts of undivided estates, some intact from colonial times. This, you’ll recall, is plantation country, where even today the grand estates sprawl - the elegant mansions quietly resting amid ancient boxwoods, under Willow oaks whose foliage shivers in the breeze. Westover, Berkeley, Shirley, Carter’s Grove. All herald a different age, a time when our country was just beginning to make its mark in the world. The rain has passed, and the blue sky is bright. “Pass the binoculars! I think I see the old Jamestown church

ruins,” pipes Ian from his perch on the port side netting. Wow. This is where it all started. The first permanent English settlement in the New World. I muse about how fortunate I am to be a native of The Land of the Free, as the wake of the passing Surry Ferry creates a staccato jiggle of the trimaran. Enough of the patriotic sentiments, however; it’s time to cut the engine and get under sail. The James is much wider now, and a favorable breeze has filled in from the South. Peanut Butter and jelly sandwiches are passed around, and Frank grins from his position at the helm. A frothy wake streams astern at ten knots. It’s a glorious day. Later, we pass the “ghost fleet” of Fort Eustis, which consists of nearly 100 “mothballed” merchant ships, anchored in small groups in the middle of the river. These aging vessels, which once stood in readiness for re-commissioning, have evidently become more liabilities than assets. Their upkeep has become overwhelming, and their toxic decay is threaten-

ing the life of the river. Leav- blazes orange with the waning the old ships astern, we ing light as we approach the pass Smithfield and Suffolk. pier. “Take the helm, Ian. I’ll Ham country. Peanut coun- handle the mooring lines.” try. We pass through the broad Contact John at port of Hampton Rhodes, jwr77@verizon.net where the James meets the Chesapeake Bay. We salute the world’s largest navy, and delight at the sheer size and awesome bearing of the grey warships. On the other side of the harbor we spy the tremendous coal terminal, Roanoke has a where all those train-loads Saltwater Fish Store! of coal that pass below Roa• Large selection • Live corals noke’s Franklin Road Bridge • Aquariums & equipment • Delivery & set-up are loaded onto ships, bound • Maintenance for home or business for ports the world over. 540-580-7755 1428 Roanoke Road (Across from Lord Botetourt High School) Coming into our last berth, on the Hampton waterfront, it strikes me how interesting it would be to have ol’ Christopher Newport, John Smith, Gabriel Archer, and the boys with us aboard “First Light”. T-F 3-7 pm, Sat 12-6 pm, Sun 1-5 And then I chuckle and think how they really are with us, in I am the slowest a way. The history of Virginia carpet cleaner in Roanoke. and our nation runs deep in the James River, and I can feel it. The western sky

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Some very interesting people...

outhwest Virginia is filled If you are not attending events with fascinating people. at The Jefferson Center, Kirk AvSmart people. Talented enue Music, Blue 5 and The Water people. People with broad experiHeater – you are missing out on ences and great passion. Yet, frethe opportunity to see great music quently, I hear about how there is up close and meet the fascinating “nothing to do” and nobody interpeople (and celebrities) that atesting to talk to”. So, the next time tend. Chances are, the next time you hear those words – either from they’ll be on tour – you’ll have to yourself or another – I ask you to wait in line to get tickets for a lesschallenge that perspective. Stephanie Koehler than-personal performance in a I have lived in New York, Washconvention center with horrible ington DC, Dallas, New England, Arizona, acoustics. The musical offerings here are that San Francisco and have traveled to every state good. For the record, I don’t mean off beat in the union. Yes, every one…including Alas- music created by spitting into a piece of PVC ka and Hawaii. I have worked for small non- pipe while banging on a pizza box (although profits, prestigious private schools, Grammy that might be interesting) – I mean the croonAward winning singers and Academy Award ing of Paleface, Emmy Lou Harris, Charlie winning movie producers. I learned about Parr, The Noises 10, Patty Larkin, Red Clay food from Alice Waters and about decorating River, Keller Williams, Aaron Neville, Buddy from Martha Stewart. I have talked politics & Julie Miller and Arturo Sandoval. with US Presidents and sitting Governors. If none of those names ring a bell – I bet I’ve shared worldviews -- over pizza -- with you recognize Billy Joel. Did you know the Pulitzer Prize winning journalists and No- RSO will have the honor of performing the bel Prize winning economists. I was blessed VA premiere of his "Elegy: The Great Peconto have known Katherine Graham and Tim ic.” Why the Roanoke Symphony Orchestra? Russert just long enough to ask their advice Because Maestro Wiley is one of those interand hear their insight. I have a collection of esting people we have living under the neon back stage passes that would impress even the star. Not long ago, Billy Joel, soon to turn toughest critic from Linda Ronstadt to Tom 60, was feeling an increased desire to return Waites to Paul McCartney…and yes, I mean to his classical roots. A long time native of the Beatle. Long Island, he was looking to communicate I guess what I am saying is – I think I have a the emotional and difficult plight of the Long pretty good perspective on interesting people Island fishing industry. While the piano was and Roanoke is filled with them. For the sake a good start – he needed more depth in orof argument -- let’s take the music scene. der to tell the tale of tumultuous high seas, Did you know that when managers and enormous swells and tranquil waters. He agents are putting together music tours – they needed an orchestra and a maestro to make often try to book Roanoke first? Why, you it happen. He picked up the phone, called ask? Because Roanoke audiences are widely Roanoke’s own David Stewart Wiley and the know in the industry known for being musi- rest is history. cally adept, engaged and friendly. In politics So, if you are one of those people who can’t – they say “does it play in Peoria” but in mu- figure out why I love living here -- I invite sic it’s “does it play in Roanoke”? you on an adventure where I can assure you –

Send your articles, story ideas and pictures to: info@theroanokestar.com

interesting people abound. Friday, January 16 – The Noises 10, Kirk Avenue Music Saturday, January 17 – Red Clay River, The Water Heater Sunday, January 18 – Keller Williams, Jefferson Center Monday, January 19 – Roanoke Symphony Orchestra, Roanoke Performing Arts Theater I’ll see you there! Contact Stephanie by stephaniekoehler@cox.net

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Page 6 | The Roanoke Star-Sentinel | 1/16/09

TheRoanokeStar.com

Law School Rebel With A Cause at The Water Heater

University of Virginia Law School grad turned pop-rock singer-songwriter Alex Mejias performs live with his full band at the Water Heater in Roanoke, VA on January 29, at 8:00PM. Mejias will be headlining for the first time in Roanoke, coming off a string of shows across Virginia in late 2008. As a musician, Mejias has sought to embody that longing for peace and justice in both his songwriting and his live performances. Of the career 180° Mejias says, “it was kind of a natural transition, from advocating in court rooms to the stage. Both ultimately tell a story and present a person’s experience. I learned about so many things in law school and would not be the musician that I am today without that experience.” Whether it be teaming up with organizations such as International Justice Mission (www.ijm.org) that fight slavery and sex trafficking across the globe or local groups from his hometown like the Sexual Assault Resource Agency (www.sexualassaultresources.org), Mejias never misses an opportunity to invite his fans and listeners into the work of social justice. This spring Mejias teams up with Freedom in Creation (www.freedomincreation.org), an after school art therapy program for children in war-torn Northern Uganda.

Photo by Valerie Garner

E-Waste outside the Civic Center.

Likewise, Mejias’ music is infused with both a call to action and an acknowledgment of the good work already being done around the world and in America. “Reasons Why” issues a bold challenge to stop looking elsewhere for change, to recognize the part we play in both creating social problems and fixing them. “Where Hope Remains” glimpses on the hope that is already in the world, even the darkest corners and “Something Beautiful” looks

forward to a more peaceful time. Mejias also writes about relationships, both the love and the conflict. Ultimately, it’s all held together by Mejias’ sense of humor and down to earth interaction with concert audiences. Doors open at 7:30PM at The Water Heater located at 813 5th Street SW, Roanoke, VA 24016. There is a $5 cover at the door. All ages are welcome.

Choose Appropriate Ice Melt Products

Significant threats of snow and ice will remain across much of Virginia from January through March. For safety reasons (both vehicular and pedestrian) in our region, there is plenty of justification to use chemicals commonly referred to as “ice melt” or “salt” on roads, sidewalks, and hardscapes. Standard ice melt compounds are usually some form (or combination of) chloride-based salts (calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, potassium chloride, or sodium chloride are typically the most readily available and cheapest ice melt compounds) and it is one of these compounds that is typically applied by VDOT during inclement weather. Many towns and cities have their own local statutes regard-

ing mandatory snow and ice removal from sidewalks within a given time period following snow or ice events for both business and residential situations alike. It is hard to argue against the importance of treating streets and sidewalks for public safety in such hazardous conditions. At the same time it is important to ensure that appropriate “ice melt” chemicals are selected so as to minimize possible environmental effects. The chloride-based salts are generally considered to be some of the most environmentally friendly products available for this use. However, anyone that has lived in the north understands how corrosive even these materials can be to your vehicles and/or roadside vegetation. Did you

recognize the names of some of these salts? One of them is likely on your kitchen cabinet right now, sodium chloride (or table salt). Potassium chloride is likely in your garden shed as it is known by most as muriate of potash, the 0-0-60 lawn and garden fertilizer so common at garden centers. Are you a fan of home-made ice cream? If so, then it is likely you have added rock salt (might be any one of these compounds) to your ice cream freezer to accelerate the hardening of the mix. Using salt to increase the speed of making ice cream applies the same chemistry principles that result in salt applications to streets and sidewalks melting ice. Salts lower the freezing/melting point of water from 32o F. In general most commercially available salts work quite well at preventing ice formation to temperatures as low as 15o F and beyond this temperature there are only a very few specialized salt formulations that result in ice melt to temperatures as low as 5o F. There also is another product that homeowners might consider if they can find it: calcium magnesium acetate (CMA). This material is one of the safest deicing products because it has very low corrosive potential, meaning less damage to cars, vegetation, sidewalks etc. CMA is biodegradable and its ice melt properties are comparable to most standard salt formulations, but its biggest limitation to use is typically a cost that can be 2030 times more than traditional rock salt products. However, if only needed for relatively small areas around homes, cost won’t be nearly as critical. The point of this article is not

to provide a chemistry lesson, but strangely enough given the time of year, the reason is protect water quality. Mother Nature effectively deals with most recommended salt applications by way of an appreciable diluting effect of these salts due to rainfall etc. Environmental impact from recommended salt sources is typically minimal. However, there are some forms of ice melt that get marketed during icy conditions that can and do have serious environmental implications: traditional lawn and garden fertilizers containing nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P). A few years ago, I received word that one of our state’s big box retailers was selling urea (460-0) and 10-10-10 as “ice melt”. I doubt the sales staff had any idea of the concerns with these materials. However, there is no quicker way to contaminate water resources than to apply N and P-based fertilizers to hardscapes where water intentionally is channeled to storm drains for removal. From an environmental standpoint, direct applications of N and Pcontaining fertilizers to streets and sidewalks make no more sense now than they do in the middle of summer, especially since there are more environmentally friendly options for ice melt available. The takehome message is simple: do a little research before choosing and applying ice melt materials and make sure the product is not a N and P-based fertilizer. Regardless of the season, it is always important to protect our water resources.

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“It’s been crazy,” yelled one worker from a distance who was struggling to keep the double line of cars moving this past Saturday and Sunday during a free recycling event. It was offered to help local residents with the proper disposal and recycling of electronic waste. Vehicles with trunks full of computers, stereos, and TV’s were lined up at the Civic Center entrance at one point. There were even some of the older TV consoles sitting out by the trailers. Forklifts were trying to keep the pile from stacking up too high as they hurriedly moved the old electronic equipment into parked tractor-trailers. By far old computer equipment outnumbered all other electronic

waste Cox Communications, Roanoke City, Synergy recycling, Hollins University, Fastsigns, and 1-800-Got Junk? teamed up to sponsor the event. At other times residents can take their e-waste to Goodwill Industries. They accept, at no charge, computer systems, working or non-working; accessories and peripherals that attach to the computer, cell phones, PDA's, working TVs, packaged software, and electronic games. Special handling fees apply to computer monitors when not donated as a complete system and for non-working TVs.

By Valerie Garner Valerie.Garner@cox.net

Barrineau Named Roanoke County School Board Chairman

The Roanoke County School Board elected Windsor Hills District representative Drew Barrineau as the school board chairman for 2009.  Barrineau replaces outgoing four-time chairman Jerry L. Canada.  Vinton District representative Mike Stovall was selected to serve a third term as vice-chairman. Barrineau first was elected to the Roanoke County School Board in 2001 and was re-elected in 2005.  He served as school board vice-chair in 2004 and 2008 and was first named school board chairman in 2005. Barrineau holds a bachelors degree in accounting from Virginia Tech and is a certified public accountant.  He currently is employed by Norfolk Southern as a tax accountant.  Barrineau is a past-president of the Roanoke chapter of the National Association of Accountants.  Barrineau is no stranger to school leadership. He has served on several school committees including the Career, Technical and Adult Education Advisory Committee; Construction Committee; Superintendent's Budget Committee; Administrative/ Teacher Salary Committee; Audit Committee and the Employee Benefits Committee. Barrineau is active in his community as well, having served as the PTA president at Hidden Valley Junior High School (now Hidden Valley Middle School) in 1988-1999 and as the PTA treasurer for the Oak Grove Elementary PTA from 1992 to 1994. Barrineau is married with two children, both of whom graduated from Hidden Valley High School. I am looking forward to continuing the excellent leadership of this school board, said Barrineau.  We will have some difficult challenges ahead of us this year, and together we will work to face those challenges, Barrineau added.

Sen. Smith Calls for Budget Reform

The State Senate had only 34 minutes to review $77,000,000,000 Mike Goatley in taxpayer spending when it passed the Commonwealth's two Extension Turf Specialist year budget last spring. The sprint to pass the now battered budget prevented taxpayers and even most legislators from reviewing the final spending proposal. Senator Ralph Smith (R-Botetourt) has introduced SB 934 this session to ensure that does not happen again. The legislation would require the conference committee report to be posted on the General Assembly's website for 72 hours before legislators could vote on it. "Taxpayers deserve more than 34 minutes of thought before their government writes a 77 billion dollar check on their behalf," said Smith. "I understand the need to move swiftly, but more transparency is needed." The three billion dollar shortfall facing the Commonwealth has Smith and many of his colleagues believing that budget process reform is needed. "Difficult economic times highlight the need for spending transparency, but Virginians deserve good government in every economic climate," said Smith.

Planning. Just like the comfort of a warm bowl of mac and cheese, it’s comforting to know that

E-Waste an E-Hit For Roanoke Area Residents

We’ve always been here for you.

Holiday Solid Waste Collection Schedule

City offices will be closed on Monday, Jan. 19, for the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday. As a result, the following schedule will be in effect for collection of trash, bulk/brush items and recycling during that week. Residential/Commercial: All residential/commercial solid waste collection (including trash, recycling, bulk and brush) will be delayed one day: Monday routes will be collected on Tuesday. Tuesday routes will be collected on Wednesday. Wednesday routes will be collected on Thursday. Thursday routes will be collected on Friday. Central Business District: Solid waste collection in the CBD will be worked on schedule Monday, Jan. 19, through Saturday, Jan. 24. For more information, please call the Citizen Service Center at 853-2000.


Sports

Send sports pictures, announcements and story ideas to info@theroanokestar.com

1/16/09 |The Roanoke Star-Sentinel |Page 7

Patriots Upset Colonels in Thriller

PH’s Terrell Wilson (Left) hits the winning free throw with six seconds remaining. Fleming's last second shot missed the mark. Patriot Dequan Brown (Below) (in white) blocks out Fleming’s Jamelle Hagins on a rebound.

Photos by Bill Turner

PH fans mob the Patriot players as the final buzzer sounds. Stephon Anderson just missed a game winning 3-pointer at the buzzer, and the Patrick Henry Patriots hung on to upset the William Fleming Colonels 43-42 on Tuesday night, handing their cross-town rivals their first loss of the season. Coming off of a thrilling 68-65 victory over Franklin County on January 9, the Colonels (10-1) struggled offensively for most of the night, committing careless turnovers and missing several make-able shots. The Patriots (5-9) were able to limit William Fleming’s two leading scorers, Troy Daniels and Jamelle Hagins, to 13 and 12 points respectively, while also handling the Colonels’ full-court pressure defense reasonably well. After a low-scoring and somewhat sloppy first half, the Patriots took control in the third quarter and held a 32-24 lead heading into the fourth quarter. After trading a few baskets, the Patriots again stretched their lead to 8 at 38-30 with less than 5 minutes to play. But the Colonels would make a late run, fueled by a remarkable sequence by senior guard Shaquan Manning. After committing a turnover on a bad pass, Manning sprinted back on defense to block what would have been an easy lay-up for the Patriots and then started a fast break the other way. That resulted in a bucket by Hagins to bring the Colonels to within 2 at 38-36. On their next possession, Manning hit a 3-pointer to give the Colonels the lead 39-38 with 1:04 on

the clock. A flurry of baskets ensued during the final minute. After the Manning 3-pointer, the Patriots raced up the court and regained the lead on an easy lay-up with 56 seconds remaining. After a foul on Patrick Henry, Troy Daniels made 1 of 2 free throws to tie the score at 40 with less than 47 ticks on the clock. Another bucket, this time by junior guard Melvin Henderson, put the Patriots ahead 4240 with 29.6 seconds remaining. But the Colonels would answer yet again when Jamelle Hagins rebounded a miss and converted the put-back to tie the score at 42 with just under 20 seconds left. A mistake would cost the Colonels the game. With only 6.4 seconds left in the contest, the Colonels fouled Terrell Wilson near the top of the key. Wilson calmly sank his first free throw, but missed the next. The Colonels quickly grabbed the rebound and Anderson was able to get off a good look at the buzzer, but the shot clanged harmlessly off the rim, and students rushed the Woody Deans Court to celebrate the Patriots stunning upset. Terrell Wilson led the Patriots with 15 points, and Henderson chipped in with 12 for Patrick Henry. Jamelle Hagins had 12 for William Fleming. By Matt Reeve Matt@theroanokestar.com

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Sports

Page 8 | The Roanoke Star-Sentinel | 1/16/09

Send sports pictures, announcements and story ideas to info@theroanokestar.com

Titans may be gaining traction: Adjusting to a new head coach (Troy Wells) and the season-long loss of star shooting guard Ben Boggs, the Hidden Valley High School boys basketball team reeled off three consecutive victories last week. That included the River Ridge District opener on the road at Blacksburg, 4946. Two days earlier Hidden Valley (5-7 as of this Monday) bested William Byrd 71-55 in a final pre-district tune-up. Senior post player Andrew Morris has emerged as a force for the Titans this season; he’s the son of former head coach Chris Morris, now the athletic director for Hidden Valley. The Titans, a state AA semifinalist for the past two seasons, started the current campaign with a 1-6 record.

Photo by Bill Turner

Hidden Valley #21 Greg Coots scores over Byrd's #44 Jake Mankin

Lady Colonels Searching for Scoring Touch

Cave Spring girls update:

“In the past we may have depended more on our guard play, but now we’re trying to get the ball in the post more. As we get more comfortable, I think we’ll make more shots.� The Lady Colonels are also searching to find an identity on defense. “We’ve experimented a lot there,� Hubbard said. “We’ve done some zone and other stuff to try to stay out of foul trouble because of our lack of depth, but that’s not who we are. We’re gonna go back to what we know best – pressure defense. We have got to pick it up on defense.� Overall, Hubbard remains optimistic that his team will bounce back from its recent troubles. “We’ll be fine. We’re in the gym working harder than ever, and we’ll be prepared for every game the rest of the season. Our girls want to win, and that is a huge plus.� The Lady Colonels ended their losing streak with a 72-65 win over Bayside on January 10, and look to build on that victory in contests at Salem earlier this week and at home against Halifax on Friday night (Jan. 16). Tip-off on Friday is set for 7:30pm. By Matt Reeve Matt@theroanokestar.com

After surging to an impressive 6-0 start on the season, the William Fleming Lady Colonels basketball team has come back to earth a bit in recent weeks, losing three of their last four contests, including their first two Western Valley District games. The Fleming losing streak began with a disappointing 55-48 home loss to Pulaski. “That loss was a real letdown because we could have gone into our Christmas break undefeated,� head coach Ron Hubbard said. Two weeks later the Lady Colonels led for nearly the entire game before falling in overtime 59-55 at George Washington. A humbling 75-52 home loss to Franklin County made it three straight losses. One of the main culprits during the slide has been inconsistent shooting. “We’re definitely struggling shooting the ball right now,� Hubbard said. “We’re getting the shots we want in many of our games, but we’re not knocking them down. And to make matters worse, we’re not rebounding well, so when we miss a shot it’s one and done.� Hubbard used the word “unfamiliar� to explain his team’s poor shooting of late. “We’re getting used to playing a different way,� he said.

The Cave Spring girls varsity basketball squad fell to 3-9 (0-2 River Ridge district) with a 37-24 loss to Christiansburg last Friday. Meanwhile, help may be on the way, at least next season: earlier that same evening the Knight’s junior varsity team improved to 12-0 with a 63-24 rout of the JV Christiansburg Blue Demons.

Photo by Bill Turner

Cave Spring JV post player Helen Bower (in white) looks for the ball inside against a Blue Demon defender. Bower is touted as a future Knights’ star.

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Photo by Bill Turner

Celtics Jamar Brown (in white) battles Benedictie #20 Robert Thurston for a rebound.

Celtics salute coach: head coach Joe Gaither was honored for winning his 100th game as the Roanoke Catholic varsity basketball coach last Friday but it was bittersweet in a way, at the Celtics lost 78-53 to Benedictine. Gaither, a long time AAU coach, replaced Dick Wall. Arche Hicklin led Catholic with 15 points in the home loss.


TheRoanokeStar.com

The Recipe of the Week from The Happy Chef by Leigh Sackett

Roasted Garlic and Pepper Pizza This pizza is so yummy! It has a good amount of healthy ingredients, it is different and fun and there is a whole head of garlic involved. Everyone will know what you had for dinner the night before! But garlic is so good, I think it is worth it. I tell people - you just have to accept me the way I am - garlic smell and all! You can also cut this pizza into small bites, it is perfect as an appetizer for a get together, then everybody gets some garlic! (Very important.) Pizza can be made in the most unusual ways, with the most unusual ingredients and it always turns out fabulous. It can be bought at a skating rink and have crust like cardboard and it is still good. You can make it with a bagel in voluminous quantities, freeze it, package it, and call it “Bagel Bites” and it is still good. I remember as a kid when I learned to make Chef Boyardee Pizza. I still love Chef Boyardee Pizza! Clearly, I have never met a pizza I did not like. In my eyes it is just the perfect food. Well there it is - I LOVE pizza. I hope you do too. Enjoy this recipe! 1 large head garlic, unpeeled 2 tablespoons olive oil 1 large red onion, cut into 1/2−inch−thick rings 1/3 cup oil−packed sun−dried tomatoes, drained, oil reserved 1 − 12 inch pizza dough shell (uncooked) 2 cups grated mozzarella cheese (about 6 ounces) 1/2 cup roasted red bell peppers from jar, cut into 1/2 inch strips 2/3 cup (about 2 1/2 ounces) crumbled feta cheese 4 tablespoons chopped fresh basil or 1 tablespoon dried 2 tablespoons chopped fresh parsley -Preheat oven to 375. -Slice top off garlic head; place in small baking dish. Drizzle with 1 tablespoon olive oil. -Brush baking sheet with 1/2 tablespoon olive oil. -Place onion slices on sheet and brush onion with 1/2 tablespoon olive oil. -Bake garlic and onion until garlic cloves are light brown and soft

and onion is tender, about 45 minutes. -Remove from oven; let cool. -Using fingers, squeeze out roasted garlic cloves into food processor; add sun−dried tomatoes. Using on/off turns, process until almost smooth, adding enough reserved oil form sun−dried tomatoes to form paste. *(Onions and garlic mixture can be prepared 1 day ahead. Cover separately and refrigerate.) -Prepare pizza dough of choice and have it ready to be topped. -Spread garlic paste evenly over crust. Top with mozzarella cheese, onion, pepper strips and feta cheese. -Sprinkle with 2 tablespoons basil and 1 tablespoon parsley. -Bake pizza until crust is golden brown and cheese bubbles. Transfer to cutting board. -Cool 5 minutes. Sprinkle with remaining 2 tablespoons basil and 1 tablespoon parsley. -Cut into wedges and serve.

Preacher’s Corner Why I Pray in Jesus’ Name by Dr. Bryan Smith

R

ecently some who have opposed Christian prayers being offered in behalf of our City Council members have gained considerable attention in certain media sources. Apparently some would like to define a prayer as being “overtly Christian” if it ends with the words, “in Jesus’ name.” Their complaint is that such “sectarian” prayers are both “illegal and offensive to the many religions in Roanoke City.” What an interesting choice of words to refer to someone praying for God’s blessing and favor upon a gathering of our elected officials who’s efforts and labors are rarely appreciated… much less prayed for by the citizens they serve. As a Christian I have for many years asked permission to pray for someone else and have always done so in Jesus’ name without ever once having had someone tell me, “I don’t want you praying for me that way!” Our society has entered into the most titanic cultural change in our nation’s history with literally every aspect of everyday life being impacted at an ominous rate of speed. I can remember when eighttrack tapes and air-condition-

ing were special luxuries, when television stations went off the air at midnight with the playing of the National Anthem and when FM stereo radio was the hot new media wave of the future! But today the idea of change is more than a political slogan… it’s a cultural fact. Increasingly rises the voices of those who are not only unreceptive to the message of Christianity but who are openly hostile to anything that smacks of being truly evangelical, conservative and orthodox in genuine Christian belief and teaching. For some folks, accusing a professing Christian of being guilty of committing an “illegal and offensive” act by praying publicly in Jesus’ name for the sake of those who too often have the thankless task of local government leadership, has apparently become something to be applauded. And all because of the push for American culture to redefine what it means today for one to be truly “tolerant.” Webster’s New Word Dictionary defines tolerate as “to not interfere with; allow; permit, to recognize and respect [others’ beliefs, practices, etc.] without sharing them,” and “to bear or put up with [someone

or something not ated with or reflective especially liked].” of historical JudeaoI believe that this Christian morays and kind of tolerance ethics, especially the is taught in the idea of absolute truth Bible when the espoused by OrthoApostle Paul said dox Jewish and Chrisin 1 Corinthians tian teaching. 13:7 that love “enPerhaps of all the dureth all things” absolute statements (KJV). However, ever uttered, none we are oftentimes is more earth shatDr. Bryan Smith confronted with tering than those a new kind of tolwords spoken by the erance that seems to stand Lord Jesus Christ as quoted in on the unbiblical idea that John’s Gospel, the fourteenth whatever a particular commu- chapter and sixth verse. “Jenity wishes to call truth, then sus said to him, ‘I am the way, that community’s perception and the truth, and the life; no of truth deserves to be both one comes to the Father but heard, accepted and promoted through Me.’” (NASB). Now it as equally valid and right as seems to me that if the Lord anyone else’s beliefs. To do Jesus Christ could be right anything less would be “intol- about his own death, burial and erant” or so their argument resurrection, then what good goes. reason could I possibly have How interesting that so for not believing everything many who oftentimes argue else that He ever said or did so forcefully for tolerance are was true? So please forgive utterly intolerant of anything me for being politically incorthat upholds the idea of abso- rect, but that is why I choose lute truth, that there are some to pray in Jesus’ Name! things that are objectively right and wrong for all people in all Dr. Bryan Smith, is Senior Pasplaces and at all times. This tor of First Baptist Church in Roanew tolerance seems particu- noke. Visit them on the Web at:  larly biased against anything www.firstroanoke.com that is viewed as being associ-

Community Calendar > January

01/17/2009 to 01/18/2009 Salem Gun & Knife Trading Show At Salem Civic Center

04/30/2009 12:30 PM Get Healthy Virginia Get Healthy Virginia, a wellness program that helps to promote healthy choices and lifestyles.

01/17/2009 10:00 AM to 01/17/2009 4:00 PM 6th Annual Virginia Women’s Show Annual Carilion Clinic Virginia Women’s Show

01/23/2009 6:00 PM to 03/20/2009 2009 Cabin Fever Series Announced Presented by Event Zone

01/17/2009 10:00 AM to 01/17/2009 4:00 PM Carilion Clinic Virginia Women’s Show At Roanoke Special Events Center 01/17/2009 8:00 PM to 01/17/2009 Performing Arts Series Concert At Roanoke College’s Olin Theater. $10. For tickets and more information, please call the Olin Hall Box Office at (540) 375-2333 or visit www. roanoke.edu/tickets. 01/18/2009 5:00 PM to 01/18/2009 Lecture:“Keeper of the Dream” At Roanoke College’s Olin Theater. No tickets required. 01/18/2009 1:00 PM to 01/18/2009 3:00 PM Downtown condominium open house Open house 324 Salem Ave Unit 302 01/19/2009 8:00 PM to 01/19/2009 Roanoke Symphony Masterworks III To Present “Sea to Shining Sea”

01/23/2009 to 01/25/2009 Kroger/Valleydale Kid’s Winter Carnival At Salem Civic Center 01/23/2009 to 02/23/2009 Art Exhibit:“Five Branches” In Roanoke College’s Olin and Smoyer galleries. 01/23/2009 8:00 PM to 01/23/2009 Performing Arts Series Play At Roanoke College’s Olin Theater. $10. For tickets and more information, please call the Olin Hall Box Office at (540) 375-2333. 01/24/2009 8:00 PM to 01/24/2009 10:30 PM Arturo Sandoval Come enjoy a night of Latin Jazz! 01/24/2009 8:00 PM to 01/24/2009 Kandinsky Trio Concert At Roanoke College’s Olin Theater. $20/$12. For tickets and more information, please call the Olin Box Office at (540) 375-2333. 01/24/2009 10:00 AM to

01/24/2009 WRAP (Within Reach and Personal) Session Alleviating some of the tuition stress felt by families.

Stove Banquet 18th Annual Salem-Roanoke County Baseball Hall of Fame Banquet & Induction Ceremony

01/25/2009 2:30 PM to 01/25/2009 “My Daughter, the Terrorist” Now at the Library documentary film series

01/29/2009 5:00 PM to 01/29/2009 8:00 PM Open House Refugee and Immigration Services has found a new home.

01/25/2009 1:00 PM to 01/25/2009 3:00 PM Downtown condominium open house Open house 302 5th St.

01/30/2009 6:00 PM to 01/30/2009 10:00 PM Winterfest Beach Bash Featuring Domino & Coastline

01/27/2009 7:30 PM to 01/27/2009 A Retrospective: “The Meaning of the 2008 Elections” At Roanoke College’s Olin Theater. Complimentary tickets required. For tickets, please call the Olin Box Office, (540) 375-2333 or the Colket Center Information Desk, (540) 3785125.Tickets also may be ordered online at www.roanoke. edu/tickets.

Give Your Valentine an Arts Experience From the Taubman Museum of Art’s Tattoo Fashion Show, a special free film screening of Casablanca (1942) at The Grandin Theatre or a serenade by a quartet from the Virginia Gentlemen’s Barbershop Chorus, your Valentine will shower you with love and appreciation. And so will Mother Earth! For a complete listing of experiential gifts and art inspired offerings, visit The Arts Council of the Blue Ridge’s Virginia GEMS (Give Experiences. Minimize Stuff.) www.myvirginiagems.com and select Valentine’s Day GEMS. Virginia GEMS is sponsored by AEP, Cox Communications, the Roanoke Times, and WDBJ. For more - contact Krista Engl 540-224-1203 or kengl@ theartscouncil.org

01/27/2009 11:30 AM to 01/27/2009 1:00 PM Roanoke Valley Society for Human Resource Managers Post-Election Employment Law Update 01/28/2009 8:00 PM to 01/28/2009 “Carl Jung, Darwin of the Mind” Reading and Lecture by Thomas T. Lawson 01/29/2009 to 01/29/2009 First Annual Salem Red Sox Hot

1/16/09 |The Roanoke Star-Sentinel |Page 9

Letters Taking in exchange students Dear editor, I'm working on a project to help bring a group of 25 high school students from China to our area for two weeks this summer, from July 19 to August 2, 2009. Our immediate need, of course, is signing up host homes and families. The paragraph below (at end) might be helpful for spreading the word about this wonderful opportunity.There is no cost to host families other than sharing regular meals. Secondly, as we go on, we want to develop a number of programs, events, meals, conversations, experiences and activities for these students, their host families and others from the community. There will be opportunity for 8 afternoon programs and activities, and I'll be looking to a number of schools, clubs, organizations, churches, park districts, etc, each of which might want to give shape to one of these events. Of course, these events should also meet needs of the organizations involved in areas such as education, service, outreach, fellowship, family and community life. I've been twice to China myself, and I believe there is no other culture more important to understand and respect, and upon which we could have greater mutual positive influence -- one international friendship at a time. Rod Broker RoanokeCompass@aol. com Car Title Lending?  What is it Really? Dear editor, When someone gets a car title loan, the lender is fully secured by the borrower’s automobile. And here are more details: The interest rate is at least 300%.   Yes, 300%.   The loan has no maturity date because it is structured as a “line of credit.”   The monthly payment pays little to no principal on the loan.   When an individual borrows $1,000 at 300% interest, the borrower pays $250 a month and that only covers the interest.  

After a year, the borrower will have paid $3,000 in interest.   Oh yeah, after a year of faithful payments, the borrower still owes the full amount $1,000 borrowed.   This is the world of car title lending.  It is a black hole, from which the consumer cannot escape.  It is predatory and it is unconscionable. As an attorney, I have seen my clients in this situation over and over:  Doing their best to make payments over nine to twelve months, they have paid two to three times the amount they borrowed but still have not reduced the principal owed.  After paying all of this money, one missed payment puts their vehicle in danger of being repossessed.  The loss of a vehicle to the average Virginian is disastrous because of the need for transportation to work and for family responsibilities. The legal loophole used by car title lenders is the “line of credit” used by car title lenders that allows them to charge the immoral rate of 300 percent interest.  Virginia General Assembly, it is time to work for your constituents and close the loophole.  Make car title lenders subject to the Consumer Finance Act, like every other small loan lender, which caps the interest rate at 36 percent. I would ask our legislators -why is this lending good for our economy?  Why is this unending “line of credit” at 300 percent interest a sound product?  It is not.  It has no justification.  It drains precious dollars from citizens of the Commonwealth.  We have seen enough toxic loans and its disastrous effects on the housing market.  Failure to respond decisively on behalf of consumers is to appease predatory lending in the Commonwealth. Last year, some in the Virginia General Assembly and Governor Tim Kaine decided to give in to the payday lenders and provide minimal consumer protections.  In response, payday lenders are setting up “lines of credit” designed precisely to circumvent the few consumer protections of the new payday lending law.  Let’s not take the approach of appeasement toward another predatory lender. Jeremy P.White Lynchburg,VA

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Valley Business

Page 10 | The Roanoke Star-Sentinel | 1/16/09

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VWCC’s Tech Summit: bringing schools and the real world closer together

New downtown eatery makes its debut

Virginia Western Community College held its second annual Technology Summit recently, hosting students from local high schools including Patrick Henry, William Fleming, Salem and William Byrd. Part of the message: engineering can be a fun, rewarding career – and its not entirely the domain of nerds. Engineering Assistant Dean Dr. Richard Clark, who also teaches at Virginia Tech, gave a keynote address before students (including those from Roanoke County through the Burton Technology Center) toured classrooms. The school gym was also filled with exhibits from the school and local employers looking for skilled workers. “The typical questions [to high school students] are – do you like math?”’ said Clark. But that can scare kids away from engineering. “I don’t like math, but I have to use it.” Guidance counselors may also ask, “can you draw?” but Clark said that’s not a prerequisite either. Engineering can be challenging, exciting, even “fun,” said Clark, a Virginia Tech graduate himself. “There’s a never a dull moment… especially the way technology is changing so rapidly. Its not just the nerd stuff anymore.” Engineers that are cross-trained in several disciplines are in high demand for companies that want problem solvers, according to Clark, who laments that high schools do not expose students to engineering like they used to. Nor does one need to look like a nerd. Clark said those with some type of mechanical inclination – maybe a teen who throws away instruction manuals and put things together logically – “might make a great engineer.”   Those with an “innovative mind looking for creative ways to solve problems,” might fit the bill as well. Clark said the U.S. may have “shot itself in the foot” by moving away so much from manufacturing towards a service based economy. With a graying engineering base – 50 is the median age said Clark – the pipeline needs to be refilled with

After a soft opening several weeks ago Geonetti’s Specialty Subs made it official, cutting the ribbon last week with Roanoke Mayor David Bowers and City Manager Darlene Burcham on hand to do the honors. Geonetti’s came to downtown Roanoke from Ohio, where the Rowland family owns similar shops, offering subs, sandwiches and salads. Co-owner Tim Rowland moved his family here from Ohio to open the newest store in the chain, which was started by his father. Roanoke native and real estate broker Rhonda Thomas is Rowland’s local partner. “I’ve known this family for about 25 years,” said Thomas, recalling that Rowland lived here previously. “I know the sub and I know what its done up [in Ohio]. I thought, wow, it would be great to bring it in to the Roanoke area.” Carbo-addicts beware: Geonetti’s has bread for their subs shipped in from the Pittsburgh area, looking for that more authentic northeastbread flavor (if you’ve been there you know). The Authentic Cheese Steak is a specialty. “That’s the sub that melts your mouth…it’s phenomenal,” said Thomas, whose family used to own the Iroquois [music] Club in Roanoke. Rowland said Geonetti’s buys only top-of-the-line products for the sandwiches and other food items offered. He calls the 27 varieties of sandwiches offered “east coast style subs,” and “oven baked classics.” Rowland said the secret to offering a good sub happens behind the counter:“a lot of it is how we put them together.” There’s pastrami laden The New Yorker sub, the Three Cheese Melt and a selection of big salads for those actually counting carbs. “Bigger, Bet-

Photo by Gene Marrano

High School students take a tour of the robotics classroom at VWCC. younger engineers. Roanoke Valley companies have been asking for more skilled workers for years, even those with two-year degrees or certificate program graduates. Virginia Western Community College president Dr. Bobby Sandel has partnered with Roanoke City Schools for the past several years, trying to forge a stronger link between local businesses and students that may be looking for good jobs in a year or two – jobs that could help keep them in the valley. For those that might already be out in the work force, Virginia Western’s Quick Connect program is a short training program – about six weeks – that will train displaced workers for another career track. Those that want to move on to a four year school like Virginia Tech to earn a four year engineering degree will find articulation agreements in place can make it easier. Local companies are also working with VWCC, employing qualified

students as part of an intern scholarship program. “They’re getting valuable experience and a competitive wage,” said Clark, adding that some companies are so impressed with the intern they wind up paying most of their school fees, offering them a full time job in many cases. During the summit high school visitors watched robotics displays, heard about integrated technologies, mechanical engineering and information technology. Clark said the key question he asked students during his keynote made them perk up their ears: “are you lazy? If you’re lazy you might make a fantastic engineer because you’re going to find ways to make life easier. [Then] you can go back to being lazy again.” Even with the slow economy, Clark sees “plenty of opportunities for jobs,” for those that enter the engineering field. The opportunity to be lazy and make good money doesn’t hurt either. By Gene Marrano gmarrano@cox.net

Program offered to bring caregivers and children together through music Carla Nelson, a local musician and Franklin County resident, has brought an internationally recognized music program to the Roanoke Valley for families with young children. Music Together in Roanoke, a program for children from birth through kindergarten is a “music and movement” approach to early childhood that develops every child's opportunity for basic music competence. Its based on the recognition that all children are musical and can learn to sing in tune, keep a beat and participate in music.   In a typical Music Together® class, 12 children and their parents or caregivers (nanny, babysitter, or grandparent) meet for 45 minutes each week for 10 weeks to experience new songs, chants, movement activities, and instrumental jam sessions.   Adults and their children sit in a circle and Nelson helps adults understand how to participate and the importance of relaxing and enjoying the activities with their children. Nelson, a lifetime musician who is Co-Director of Music Together in Roanoke and a registered Music Together teacher, encourages families to attend class together so younger children and older children can learn music and movement activities to enjoy at home.   The national Music Together program was developed in Princeton, NJ by coauthors Kenneth K. Guilmartin and Lili M. Levinowitz.  "We believe that every child is musical, and that each child needs a stimulating, supportive music envi-

Mayor David Bowers and City Manager Darlene Burcham join Geonetti’s owners Rhonda Thomas and Tim Rowland for the ribbon cutting.

ter, Faster, Fresher,” is Geonetti’s slogan, and the shop offers subs as long as 16”. The owners may look to start an informal music series at Geonetti’s (112 Campbell, in the old Mill Mountain Coffee building) and note that they plan to be closed between sundown Friday and sundown on Saturday, in accordance with their beliefs as SeventhDay Adventists. Otherwise Geonetti’s is open from 11am9pm. Thomas wants to attract residents living downtown as well and hopes others in the valley will see Geonetti’s as a destination eatery, drawing them to the market area. Mayor Bowers noted the “great view of the [Roanoke] star from here,” at the ribbon cutting. Mill Mountain Coffee moved just across the street to make way for Geonetti’s, which aims to be more than an alternative to the nearby City Market food court during weekday lunchtime. “We want to entertain the dinner crowd as well,” said Thomas. See geonettis.com; call orders in to 904-5352 or fax them to 904-5357.

Scholarship Awarded to Roanoke Chickfil-A Restaurant Team Members

Carla Nelson leads the “Music Together” class in a drum session. ronment to enjoy the wonderful human capacity for musicmaking," said Guilmartin.  "Parents may be surprised to find that they can support their child's music development regardless of their own background in music." Currently, classes are being offered at the Lifestream Center in Roanoke. For more information, please call Music Together at 540-915-2546, or email musictogetherinroanokeva@yahoo.com.   Additional information about the program can be found on the Music Together national website at www. musictogether.com.

The the Chick-fil-A restaurant chain has awarded its national Leadership Scholarship to Samoria Leak from Roanoke. Leak received the $1,000 scholarship from Chick-fil-A franchise operator Bob Childress from the restaurant at Valley View Boulevard. Leak is using the scholarship to study at Virginia Western Community College. "Samoria joins a distinguished group of more than 24,000 Chick-fil-A team members who have received the scholarship as they pursue their educational goals," said Childress. "We are very proud of the accomplishment and appreciate the example being sett for the more than 50,000 Chick-fil-A team members who might also be inspired to reach higher goals." Historically a strong advocate of higher education, Chickfil-A founder Truett Cathy regularly supported the educational goals of team members since opening his first restaurant in Atlanta more than 60 years ago. He formalized the effort in 1973, establishing the chain's Leadership Scholarship program. Since that time, the chain has awarded scholarships totaling more than $1,152,000 in Virginia and more than $24 million nationwide. Each $1,000 scholarship helps support the higher education goals of restaurant employees who have attended some 2,500 institutions across the country. Many scholarship recipients have chosen to make a career with Chick-fil-A by becoming a restaurant franchisee or either working at the chain's corporate office in Atlanta.

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Arts & Culture

TheRoanokeStar.com

Executive Director of Taubman Museum of Art to retire in 2009 John Williamson, president million in capital funds and of the board of trustees of the millions more in endowment Taubman Museum of Art, anand annual giving. nounced on Wednesday that Bingham is responsible for Georganne Bingham, the muan increase in museum memseum’s executive director, plans bership from 500 households to retire by the end of the year. when she began her director“I have decided that the time ship to over approximately has come for me to step down 3,000 households today. Anfrom my responsibilities somenual giving has increased sigtime this year to retire,” said nificantly, and she has been inBingham. “I am ready to enjoy strumental in the development the pleasure and time of retire- Georganne Bingham of new sources of earned revment, and I look forward to the enue to support operations, inopportunity to travel, pursue cluding a museum store, café, new interests, and visit family and friends.” and catering and space rentals. “We hired Georganne knowing that she The museum’s permanent collection has would, at some point, choose to retire. We are also grown under Bingham, with over 310 grateful for the notice of her retirement now, new pieces added to the collection in the past so that we can have a smooth transition of ex- five years. Bingham was appointed executive ecutive leadership, which is certainly best for director after a national search following the the institution,” said Williamson. departure of former executive director Judy L. The museum will begin the process of Larson, Ph.D., who left to become the execusearching for a new executive director imme- tive director of the National Museum of Womdiately. A search committee will be formed, en in the Arts in Washington, D.C. Bingham and the board expects to engage an outside joined the museum after serving as deputy diexecutive search firm to assist in the selection rector of development for the North Carolina of a new director. Bingham will work with the Museum of Art in Raleigh for eight years. search committee. Bingham will begin to wind down her opBingham was brought on board in August of erational responsibilities over the next six 2003 to lead the museum’s new building proj- months, transitioning them to key senior staff ect. The 81,000 square foot structure, which members, so that she can spend most of her opened on November 8, 2008, is the first pur- time doing what she loves best – raising monpose-built art museum ever constructed in ey for the museum. Roanoke and a significant step in the further “I love the museum, and I love this comdevelopment of the region as an arts destina- munity. I am very lucky to be able to end my tion of national and international stature. working career in Roanoke, where I plan to Bingham oversees an annual operating bud- remain, in close proximity to the museum and get of over $4 million, full-time staff of 35, and all of the wonderful people I have been able to has overall responsibility for the museum’s op- meet and know as director,” said Bingham. erations and advancement. During her directorship, the museum has raised more than $54

Book edited by Virginia Tech's Nikki Giovanni earns rave reviews

Gray Ward. Since its October 2008 release, Giovanni has earned a five-star Hip Hop Speaks to Children, edited rating for her discussion of Hip Hop by Virginia Tech University DistinSpeaks to Children on YouTube. "Hip guished Professor of English Nikki Hop Speaks to Children is a wonderGiovanni, has landed on the bestfully composed collection of poems seller list for children and won a Nafrom writers like Eloise Greenfield to tional Parenting Publications Awards late rapper and poet, Tupac Shakur." (NAPPA) Gold Award. ... Whether you read poetry or you “Hip Hop”, noted as a lively celehear it in a rap song, Giovanni's gebration of poetry with a beat, features 51 selections from 42 poets and per- Nikki GIovanni nius endeavor will inspire children of all ages to have fun while listening formers and was one of 30 entries out of 375 awarded the gold award. It appeared to poetry," noted Amy Bowllan in a School on the Times best-seller list for four weeks, Library Journal Blog. The author of 30 books, Giovanni won a peaking at number three. An audio CD that accompanies the col- 2008 American Book Award for The Collection includes 30 performances, some re- lected Poetry of Nikki Giovanni 1968-1998. cited by the artists who created them. Hip Early in her career, Giovanni was dubbed Hop Speaks to Children includes rhymes and the "Princess of Black Poetry," and over the rhythms from Queen Latifah to Gwendolyn course of more than three decades of pubBrooks, Langston Hughes to A Tribe Called lishing and lecturing she has come to be Quest. In addition, part of Martin Luther called both a "National Treasure" and, most King's original "I Have a Dream" speech, is recently, one of Oprah Winfrey's twenty-five followed by a remarkable live performance of "Living Legends." the speech by Giovanni, Oni Lasana, and Val

1/16/09 |The Roanoke Star-Sentinel |Page 11

Former museum space being put to good use

Since the space was vacated by the Art Museum of Western Virginia (now the Taubman) on the second floor of Center in the Square, The Arts Council of the Blue Ridge has been helping to program art exhibitions there until renovations begin - tentatively scheduled in June. The Harrison Museum of African-American Art is scheduled to eventually occupy much of that space. Rhonda Hale, Artist Services & Arts Education Director for the Arts Council, said that “Center in the Square approached us about programming arts in the vacated space. We have provided for six months of programming for regional artists, not only with yearly events [like the City Art Show], but also with new opportunities for collaborations.” During February and March, The Arts Council of the Blue Ridge will present an exhibition, "ARTFEAST," featuring new works and collaborations by regional artists. “This exhibition is brand new and teams of established artists in our region are working with emerging artists and art students to create a one of a kind, multiinstallation project,” said Hale. On February 12 &13, from 7am - 5pm, the Arts Council will hold a special Votive Painting Sale as part of an ARTFEAST exhibition installation. Some of the artists participating include Ann Glover, Anna Waldrop, Liz Kregloe, John Wilson as well as Hollins University, via a print making class taught by Nancy Dahlstrom. This project is part of the Marginal Arts Festival and a Meet the Artist reception will be held Thursday, Feb. 19th from 6-8. In March the annual Emerging Artists Show and Sale, entitled “BREAD & BUTTER ART,” will take place in the old museum space. The actual sale will be held from 5-8pm on March 26th. “[It is] an opportunity for the community to see the works of our many talented artists who are emerging on the scene,” said Hale. “One of the unique aspects of this show and sale is that it is open to artists of all disciplines and gives writers, performing artists, and visual artists who are emerging in their field an opportunity to showcase their work.” The 25th Annual High School Art Exhibition features regional high school student works. This year's juror, Paul Ryan, is a professor of art at Mary Baldwin College, a painter and art critic. Last year the competition received over 800

Roanoke sculptor John Wilson is part of the ARTFEAST event at Center in the Square. submissions, from 19 regional high schools, representing nine school districts. There will be an awards reception on April 30th, 6-8pm in the Center in the Square space. The show runs April 30 - May 31. Hale also said that “two brand new regional events are planned,” by the Arts Council, including an Arts Education Institute (Fall 2009) - a professional development opportunity for teachers and school administrators to learn about how to include the arts in their curriculum and engage students in active learning. Additionally in 2010 a

Southwest Virginia Performing Arts Conference will promote communication between artists and presenters in southwest Virginia. “The idea for this event is in direct response to the feedback we received at the Art Town meetings that were held in spring 2008, and is designed to showcase the talent of Southwest Virginia performing artists,” said Hale. By Gene Marrano gmarrano@cox.net

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Roanoke Pastor authors book

A Proverb a Day Keeps the Devil Away, a new release from Xulon Press author Dr. Philip Ayers, applies the principles of God found in the book of Proverbs to daily living. The author uses illustrations to trigger the memories of readers to past and present experiences in life, hopefully causing the lesson of each devotion to profoundly impact the reader. These illustrations stem from relationships, home, work, play, decisions, reactions, thoughts, injustice, and justice. Some are humorous and some very serious; each one demonstrates the theme of that verse. Says Ayers, “The wisdom contained in Proverbs involves using skill in godly living; making right decisions; doing what is right; and realizing what is important and

unimportant, wise or foolish. The wisdom of God weaves itself throughout the book of Proverbs. It is the central theme of the book. Every person can benefit through applying the wisdom of God to their life.” Ayers has lived life on both sides of salvation. Saved at the age of 32, on March 30, 1980, he brings his vast wealth of life experiences, education, and ministry to A Proverb a Day Keeps the Devil Away. Today he pastors Glade Creek Baptist Church in Blue Ridge, , sharing his experiences and Bible knowledge with congregants as well as readers. “Times have changed, but people have not,” the author says. “They still face the hard issues of life: the same fears and hurts, the same temptations and sin, the same struggle with what

is right and wrong, and the same questions about what role God really plays in their life. This devotional study aids its readers in getting a grip on these challenges.” Dr. Elmer Towns, Co-Founder of Liberty University and Dean of Religion, says, “Phil Ayers has captured the heart of the Book of Proverbs and with his journalist ability, has communicated a practical lesson for proverbs for each day of the year. Those who read and practice this book will live biblical Christianity.” A Proverb a Day Keeps the Devil Away is available through LifeWay Christian Book Stores, Books-a-Million, Amazon Books, Barnes & Noble, or Xulon Press.

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Page 12 | The Roanoke Star-Sentinel | 1/16/09

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“The Roanoke Valley’s Most Beautiful Cemetery”

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As a non-profit cemetery we are always looking for ways to enhance our beauty, and contribute to the community. That is why we are pleased to announce our beautiful new Veterans Garden to pay tribute to those who serve. You can be among the first to honor your Veteran in our Memorial Walkway by purchasing a Legacy Stone.

That’s why no one is ever turned away from the Y due to an inability to pay. If your family budget is tight and you need help, just ask. Many scholarships are available. The YMCA is more than a place to build your health. At the Y you can also connect with others, build relationships, and

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Ribbon Cutting & Grand Opening Friday, January 23, 9:30 a.m. Jackson Park Branch Library 1101 Morningside St. everyone welcome Teen Center opening follows grand opening refreshments provided for more information 540-853-1057

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9:30 a.m. Grand Opening Ribbon Cutting Refreshments Teen Center opening follows. 10:30 a.m. Rex Bowman, journalist/author of Blue Ridge Chronicles 11:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Celebrating Community History: The Virginia Room Roadshow See treasures of the Virginia Room including photos, maps, family histories & more! 1:00 - 3:00 p.m. Community Reception featuring music from Pace Bros. Jazz Trio with Jordan Harman

Saturday

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

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Saturday

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All day: *Creation Station and Friends of the Library

10:00 a.m. Roanoke Fire/EMS Puppet Show 11:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m. Wii Gaming for Families

7:00 a.m. - 8:30 a.m. Grab breakfast on us and see the newly renovated Jackson Park Branch Library

11:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Healthy Meal Planning and Cooking Workshop Refreshments

10:00 a.m. Snowman Soup Pre-K Storytime and special snowman soup!

10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. Roanoke Symphony Program “Sum of all Parts” Island Music Trio Ages Elementary - 5th Grade

2:30 - 4:30 p.m. Introduction to Blogging Learn how to create your own web page to express yourself and communicate with others online!

11:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. A Primer in Family History Research: Get Started! You will leave this class with the tools you need to begin searching for your ancestors!

10:00 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. Roving Mars movie (Blu-ray, IMAX) Join Mars Rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, for an awe inspiring journey to the surface of the mysterious red planet. “...combines science with special effects that would be the envy of any sci-fi film” — Minneapolis Star Tribune

Attend the Jackson Park Opening Events for your chance to win a Nintendo Wii.

10:30 a.m. Snowman Soup Pre-K Storytime and special snowman soup!

10:00 - 11:00 a.m. Wii Gaming for Seniors Come on out and experience the fun, exercise, and community!

11:00 a.m. - Noon Brain Fitness Program Learn validated methods of increasing brain power and effectiveness.

Earn one entry for every event you attend. The more you attend, the more chances you have to win! 4:00 p.m. The Wii Drawing!

1:00 p.m. - 4:00 p.m. Health Fair for Seniors Numerous participants with content customized for the senior. Free vision, blood sugar and blood pressure screenings, massage, refreshments and more!

* Want to make a calendar of your own?

24

refreshments provided

for more information 540-853-1057

11:00 a.m. Wild Encounters with Mill Mountain Zoo Noon - 1:30 p.m. Celebrating Community History: The Virginia Room Roadshow See treasures of the Virginia Room including photos, maps, family histories & more! Noon - 4:30 p.m. Community Open House Featuring: Noon - 1:30 p.m. music from Acoustic Endeavors food from Blues BBQ 2 - 4:30 p.m. music from Jordan Harman Band 3 - 5:00 p.m. Family Gaming “Hasbro Family Game Night”

30 - A3:30Week p.m. - 5:00of p.m.Events to Celebrate! Teen Gaming “Mortal Kombat vs. DC Universe”

1:30 p.m. - 3:30 p.m. Teen Gaming “Smackdown vs. Raw 2009” 4 p.m. Button Craft for Teens Make your own unique buttons!

4:30 p.m. - 5:30 p.m. Gadget Garage Come and see the new and exciting technology available at Jackson Park Library! 6:00 p.m. Family Dinner and Blu-ray Pixar Short Films 6:30 p.m. - 7:30 p.m. Emerging Artists series Shayna aka Betty White Hip-hop emcee With refreshments

12:30 p.m. - 1:30 p.m. Lunch at your Library Refreshments provided. Stop in for a bite and to check out the library. 1:30 p.m. - 3:00 p.m. Preserving Your Family Heirlooms Roadshow Show your family heirlooms like photos, quilts, research and more! Learn how to preserve your treasures. 3:30 p.m. - 5:30 p.m. Teen Gaming Little Big Planet

1:30 p.m. - 2:30 p.m. Taubman Museum of Art “Artistic Sleight of Hand: The Use of Optical Illusion in Fine Art” Uncover how artists have tricked the senses over the ages. 3:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m. Afternoon Tea with Polly Branch Enjoy a traditional tea time and see “Rainbow Children” the mosaic. 4:00 p.m. - 5:30 p.m. Bring your MP3 player and learn how to find free music online and download it to your player.

5:30 p.m. - 7:30 p.m. Teen Lock-In: Dinner and a Movie Hell Boy II: The Golden Army PG13 Movie run time is 102 mins. Participants may not leave before 7:30 pm unless a parent or guardian picks them up. All teens must secure a ride home.

Come to the Creation Station at Jackson Park Library on Saturday, January 24 and make a calendar using your own photos!


The Roanoke Star-Sentinel