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The Resilient Open Borders Textile Project

Xiaojing Li + Shu-lin Lin

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

The aim of this project is to reuse the frame of old Barbour factory and develop a new open textile centre. The old Barbour factory is situated to the north of Tweedbank Industrial Estate with good road access off Tweedbank Drive via Broomielees roundabout. Tweedbank now is the terminus of Boarder Railway that runs between the Central Boarders and Edinburgh. When arriving to the site, it seemed desolate and lacking vitality. In the future, the Tapestry museum will be located here. On the other hand, the School of Textiles & Design in Heriot-Watt University is very close to Tweedbank. In order to bring more tourists and improve the economy in Tweedbank, combining these two features with a textile demonstration factory could be the most attractive point. Not only the traditional culture will be preserved, but also the local design and high-quality fabrics will be promoted. The Issues Economic development in Tweedbank: The Boarder

railway creates the opportunity to bring more tourists to visit Tweedbank, but there is not enough attractive to lure people to spend more time staying there Employment and internship for students: Due to a lack of working opportunity, most of students need to search for satisfied job in other cities rather than in Tweedbank. Four Themes 1. Reuse. Reusing and adapting an unpopular building type. The project is based on an existing building and the frame of this building will be kept. 2. Regeneration. Regenerating functions, which were taken in the building. It is about feasibility and how the process of producing textile can be shown to visitors. 3. Connectivity. 8 minutes walking distance from the textile centre to Tweedbank Railway Station. 4. Reusing the heat. Using the processes of the mill, which is going in the building to heat the service in your building. (Energy proposition: daylighting, ventilation)

The Proposal We propose a Textile Demonstration Factory that encourages the development of cultural and rural tourism to sustain local textile cultures and traditions. The tourism industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the world and is becoming increasingly important. As such, promoting tourism can benefit the local textile industry. Designers can pay for the use of facilities for a day in order to their own fabric. The Demonstration Factory will provide industrial sewing and spinning machines, as well as innovative 3D sewing machines to create digital prints and patterns. A gift shop will support these activities by selling textile-related merchandise. Visitors can view design processes and textile fabrication on site. This way the building becomes a gallery but also a working studio. As a result, the project is a business development project. The demonstration factory can serve as leverage for developing the local textile industry.

Other Resilient Borders 2016 Projects + Textile Centre + Textile Community Centre + Mobile Kids + Borders Design Incubator + Wellbeing Centre and Market + A Centre for Visual Landscape + Borders Water + Skills Traditional + Open Textile Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2016

Site Location


The Resilient Open Borders Textile Project

Xiaojing Li + Shu-lin Lin

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

Programmatic Proposition The old, unused warehouse is chosen for this project as it has the potential to develop a textile centre that can enhance the connection between economic, society and culture in the border of Scotland. The new textile centre will be separated into four parts with mixed functions. The area in the middle of the centre would become the mill where designers can rent the sewing and spinning machine to produce their own textile. The southwest part of the building will offer two lecture rooms both for children and adults to learn various textile techniques. The remaining areas of the textile centre are studios for designers. Moreover, by moving sewing and spinning machine from the old mill in Selkirk, the textile centre will increase job opportunities for artists, designers, students and workers who want to find a place to increase work experience.

Other Resilient Borders 2016 Projects + Textile Centre + Textile Community Centre + Mobile Kids + Borders Design Incubator + Wellbeing Centre and Market + A Centre for Visual Landscape + Borders Water + Skills Traditional + Open Textile Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2016

Textile Experience Centre Child lessons can give children the opportunity to try their hand at weaving, which is excellent for developing colour awareness and counting skills, providing as a good teaching experience for students. Types of activities can include: Easy Tie Dye; Fabric Assemblage Collage; Finger Knitting; and Fabric Craft. On the other hand, lessons for adults can include activities such as: Draw like a Designer (workshop); Learn to sew; and Couture Techniques (Using a sewing machine, adults will learn a range of techniques including French seam, pin hem, satin stitch, button loops, pockets, machine rolled hem with fishline, boning and much more). Process Tour Tours offer visitors and potential clients the chance to see much of the process that leads from the spun yarn to the finished tartan or fabric. Tours are available all year round and trained guides will take visitors into the heart of the action. Artist Studio & Retail Studio Artists can use various machines in the mill to finish their Weaving and Textile Art project. All products they make can be sold in studio. There is also a Textile shop that can provide haberdashery, Fabric and Crochet.

Programme Stages

Programme Proposition


The Resilient Open Borders Textile Project

Xiaojing Li + Shu-lin Lin

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

Volumetric Proposition Based on the new programme, the Old Barbour factoriy is divided into four main spaces. These are the lobby, which includes a reception and cafĂŠ, two learning rooms, a textile mill and designer studios. The corridor on the northern side of the building connecting the interior space with the outdoor area is designed to provide a platform for tourists to see the process of designing, creating and producing textiles. Lobby (Reception and CafĂŠ): 600m2 Learning Room A: 150m2 Learning Room B: 150m2 Textile Mill: 1575m2 Studios: 816m2 Corridor: 216m2

Other Resilient Borders 2016 Projects + Textile Centre + Textile Community Centre + Mobile Kids + Borders Design Incubator + Wellbeing Centre and Market + A Centre for Visual Landscape + Borders Water + Skills Traditional + Open Textile Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2016

Internal & External Circulation Flows

Indoor Circulation The building is going to serve three types of users: tourists, employees of the textile mill, and artists of graduates from School of Textile and Design. As a consequence, there are three patterns of circulations in the building. For tourists, they can access the building through the main entrance, and then access the corridor. They can choose to take the guided mill tour, or go directly to the designer studios. For employees and designers, the entrance is at the northern side of the building. They can access the raw materials at the opposite side. Outdoor Circulation The route for tourists starts from the Tweedbank Train Station. They pass the Tweedbank Tapestry Gallery and arrive at the Textile Demonstration Factory. The route for cars is the A6091 road, which connects with Galashiels and Melrose.

Volumetric Proposition


The Resilient Open Borders Textile Project

Flexibility and Expandability

Xiaojing Li + Shu-lin Lin

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

Now

Energy Proposition

1. Preserve Structure Reusing the steel frame of the old Barbour Factory is a way to reduce the building’s carbon footprint. However, if future expansion is needed, the same structural system can be replicated to extend the building further. The preparation for futural extending

2. Ventilation The original purpose of the building was a warehouse, for which very little windows exist. As a result, we propose a mechanical ventilation system to maintain optimum levels of air quality and comfort. Chimneys on the roof provide stack ventilation, helping to create a comfortable working space, while decreasing energy consumption.

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3. Natural Light As mentioned, the warehouse currently has very few windows for natural light to penetrate the building. For this reason, improving the level of natural lighting is important. Adding more windows on the roof is the best way to allow light to reach the interior spaces.

Other Resilient Borders 2016 Projects + Textile Centre + Textile Community Centre + Mobile Kids + Borders Design Incubator + Wellbeing Centre and Market + A Centre for Visual Landscape + Borders Water + Skills Traditional + Open Textile

The third year

4. Sewage Heat Source Pump System The main concept is to reuse the heat from the processes of the mill, such as hot wastewater and steam. This system can be used for heating and cooling. In winter, it can provide energy to warm the inner spaces in order to reduce the energy required for heating. The pump would be placed on the northern side of the existing building. Exploded Azonometry

Energy Center Location

Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2016 Ventilation

Natural Lignt


The Resilient Open Borders Textile Project

Xiaojing Li + Shu-lin Lin

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

Prototype Detail locations

Prototype 1 Roller Roof Blinds: The glaxing roof combined with roller roof blinds can create a comfortable internal environment for tourists both in winter and summer.

Summer

Detail 1: Ridge Vent The system allows for balanced intake and exhaust ventilation to provide optimal air flow, greatly increasing the roof’s longetivity and energy efficiency. In addition, providing constant air movement prevents heat build-up in the summer and heat loss in the winter, resulting in a more sustaiable building with lower operating costs.

Winter

Other Resilient Borders 2016 Projects + Textile Centre + Textile Community Centre + Mobile Kids + Borders Design Incubator + Wellbeing Centre and Market + A Centre for Visual Landscape + Borders Water + Skills Traditional + Open Textile

Air flow design in summer Openable Strategy: In summer, all doors will be opened to provide natural ventilation and comfortable internal temperature. The external and internal areas will be connected in a way that the spaces will be flexible.

Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2016 In winter, doors will be closed to stop cold air from entering the building, in order to reduce in heat loss.


The Resilient Open Borders Textile Project

Xiaojing Li + Shu-lin Lin

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

Detail 2: Drainage System The gutter is on the edge of the main building, rather than on the edge of the corridor, so tourists can look out and see the surrounding landscape an natural setting without a visual barrier. Because the gutter is installed on the main building and the rainwater drops from the corridor roof to the ground, the gravel drainage will be placed near the foundation to collect and absorb rainwater into underground channels for rainwater re-use throughout the building.

Other Resilient Borders 2016 Projects + Textile Centre + Textile Community Centre + Mobile Kids + Borders Design Incubator + Wellbeing Centre and Market + A Centre for Visual Landscape + Borders Water + Skills Traditional + Open Textile

Edge Gutter

Gravel Drainage

Detail 3: Roller Roof Blinds

Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2016 In summer, the blind covers the entire exterior roof, preventing direct sunlight within the building, as well as controlling the solar heat gain.

In winter, the blinds close during the night to preserve the room temperature, and open during the day to allow sunlight to warm the rooms.


The Resilient Open Borders Textile Project

Xiaojing Li + Shu-lin Lin

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

Other Resilient Borders 2016 Projects + Textile Centre + Textile Community Centre + Mobile Kids + Borders Design Incubator + Wellbeing Centre and Market + A Centre for Visual Landscape + Borders Water + Skills Traditional + Open Textile Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2016

Detail 4: Ground Floor & Double Glazed Curtain Wall


The Resilient Open Borders Textile Project

Xiaojing Li + Shu-lin Lin

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

Other Resilient Borders 2016 Projects + Textile Centre + Textile Community Centre + Mobile Kids + Borders Design Incubator + Wellbeing Centre and Market + A Centre for Visual Landscape + Borders Water + Skills Traditional + Open Textile Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2016

Prototype 2: Roof and Facade Roof Detail Internal roof layer is composed of triple glazing windows and ceiling panels with mineral insulation. Each ceiling panel size is 100cm x 120cm, same as windows size. The system provides flexibility for the whole building. The owner of the textile centre could easily change the function and size of any room. The skylight and the natural ventilation provided by the windows panel could be change according the different location, activities, and the needs of the occupants.

Unit Perspective

Facade Detail There are two sections for facade system. The wall with openings provides more natural light and ventilation for interior. The other one is the normal type. The opening size could be changed in order to be suitable for different uses if the purpose of the room change in the future.


The Resilient Open Borders Textile Project

Xiaojing Li + Shu-lin Lin

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

Other Resilient Borders 2016 Projects + Textile Centre + Textile Community Centre + Mobile Kids + Borders Design Incubator + Wellbeing Centre and Market + A Centre for Visual Landscape + Borders Water + Skills Traditional + Open Textile Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2016

Natural Ventilation The natural ventilation for summer is based on the windows on the south facade, the air plenum between external and internal roof layers, and the ridge. The fresh comfortable air comes from the window on the south facade. After being heating by human and equipment, air becomes hotter, and then rise to the ceiling. The air leaves the room from the windows on the internal roof layer. Following the slope of roof, the hot air keep going up and leave the building through the ridge finally. According to the design of the internal roof layer, the natural ventilation also shows the flexibility. The number of windows on the internal layer depends on the amount of people and different activities.

Louvres and Natural Light According to the Radiance test by IES, the report shows that the natural light from the south side of the building is about 3200 lux on 22th, June. In order to reduce too much sunlight, we propose the design of louvres on the south elevation. By the rendering from sketchup, it show that the louvres do reduce the direct sunlight in summer and winter.

Profile for #MUI Medellín Urban Innovation

2016 i open textile  

2016 i open textile  

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