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The Resilient Borders Borders Design Project Incubator

Border Design Incubator (2016-2020)

Borders College

Business Park (2020)

Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2016

N

Bar Street (2035)

Yichong Mao + Xiaoshan Su

Retail Block (2020-2065)

This project focuses on expanding Galashiels’s designer community and building a Scotland’s pioneering fashion related micro business incubator. The incubator is going to provide business and academic opportunities for both the Textile and Design students at the Heriot Watt University as well as the designers around the Scottish border, even around the world. It will be an opportunity to connect designers to innovation and investment.

Our project will be right opposite to the Great Tapestry of Scotland. It will hold a gift shop that will attract the visitors to visit our building. It will also attract people from the community to join in for activities, such as after school activities for young children at the Experience Center where they could make their own textiles and designs. The connection between retail/exhibition space and the production studios will strengthen the social connection between the visitors and designers.

The Great Tapestry of Scotland allows visitors to browse and learn the history of Scottish border’s textile industry.

With the low-rent studio spaces, we are hoping to attract

some existing small business from outside Galashiels. They will bring more job opportunities for the students at the university and also create a better diversity of the designer’s community around. By introducing job opportunities in Galashiels and the Scottish border, the incubator will encourage students to take part in out of class activities and enhance their work experiences. They will be able to open their own micro-businesses or join other people’s micro-business. We are hoping to increase the employment rate for the young generation in Galashiels.

ENERGY

45°-60° 45°-60°

Galashiels Station

ENVIRONMENTAL

GALASHIELS

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Town Center

45°-60°

Kilo

45°-60°

me te

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45°-60°

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TRANSPARENCY <45°

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Textile Industry Tweedbank Station

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ECONOMIC

Border Design Incubator (2016-2020)

me

SUSTAINABILITY

Borders College

ORIENTATION

Great Tapestry of Scotland (2017)

Kilo

Other Resilient Borders 2016 Projects + Textile Centre + Textile Community Centre + Mobile Kids + Borders Design Incubator + Wellbeing Centre and Market + A Centre for Visual Landscape + Borders Water + Skills Traditional + Open Textile

Great Tapestry of Scotland (2017)

0.5

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

Tweedbank Station

Bar Street (2035) Business Park (2020)

Retail Block (2020-2065)

SOCIAL

CONNECTION

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The Resilient Borders Borders Design Project Incubator + Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

Yichong Mao + Xiaoshan Su Connection

Our building will have direct connection with the students at the Univeristy campus. The project will provide spaces for graduates to join or set up their micro-businesses and sell their products. We have proposed our site located in the industrial park in Tweedbank near to the train station, the location of the Great Tapestry of Scotland and the propsed retail space. The connection will be shown in two aspects of the design: 1. Connection between designers and tourists 2. Connection between our site and the Great Tapestry of Scotland

Other Resilient Borders 2016 Projects + Textile Centre + Textile Community Centre + Mobile Kids + Borders Design Incubator + Wellbeing Centre and Market + A Centre for Visual Landscape + Borders Water + Skills Traditional + Open Textile

Programme Connect designers and tourists by providing retail, exhibition and studio spaces.

Great Tapestry Gift Shop Connect site and museum with gift shop space.

Shared Cark Park Maximise circulation between buildings with shared parking spaces.

Internal Circulation Route Use the internal circulation route for self-advertisement.

Transparent Long Facade Create an open space that can showcase the work being produced.

Visibility and Self-advertisement In order to promote the scheme inside our building and attract more business oppotunities.

Green Space Organisation Relocate trees to the opposite streets and create a gap to highlight our building.

View from Train Design to maximise building visibility.

Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2016


The Resilient Borders Borders Design Project Incubator + Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

Yichong Mao + Xiaoshan Su

Ground Floor

The volumetric proposition is based on activities for two different types of users, visitors and students. It will allow visual interaction as well as communications. Retail space will provide opportunities for the designers to sell their design products. Exhibition spaces will provide a place where the designers can showcase their works. Visitors will be able to view the production process from the retail and exhibition space. Also, designers and visitors could work together on projects at the Experience center. Exploded Axonometry

First Floor

Other Resilient Borders 2016 Projects + Textile Centre + Textile Community Centre + Mobile Kids + Borders Design Incubator + Wellbeing Centre and Market + A Centre for Visual Landscape + Borders Water + Skills Traditional + Open Textile Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2016

Programme Proposal Service zones Studio space for micro-business

Second Floor Service zones

Studio space for micro-bu

Retail space for the desig

Production space for indiv

Retail space for the designers

Studio space for individua

Production space for individuals

Experience center

Studio space for individuals Experience center Production space for micro-business Exhibition space for designers Great Tapestry of Scotland gift shop

Production space for micr

Exhibition space for desig

Great Tapestry of Scotlan


The Resilient Borders Borders Design Project Incubator + Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

Internal Load-bearing Corridor Detail Internal Load-Bearing Corridor Wall

Wall Detail

glass mechanical louvers 80mm rigid insulation MVHR duct system 280mm depth 300mm rammed earth cladding

Yichong Mao + Xiaoshan Su

20mm stone handrail water tanks balustrade 300mm diameter 20mm stone tile 100mm screed with under floor heating 100mm rigid insulation board 200mm concrete floor slab internal single glazing facing studio space internal single glazing facing exhibition space 300mm load bearing concrete column

Retail exhibition facade: The glass facade is a place where designers display their design works. The window area will be perforated, so the designers working inside will be able to have views of the outside area while the visitor will not be able to view inside through the window.

Internal Load-Bearing Corridor Wall

Wall Detail

Wall Detail Roof Detail

glass mechanical louvers 80mm rigid insulation MVHR duct system 280mm depth

pv panels 20mm exterior timber cladding

300mm rammed earth cladding

Other Resilient Borders 2016 Projects + Textile Centre + Textile Community Centre + Mobile Kids + Borders Design Incubator + Wellbeing Centre and Market + A Centre for Visual Landscape + Borders Water Roof Detail + Skills Traditional + Open Textile

20mm interior timber cladding vapour membrane 20mm 90mm interiorxtimber 50mmboard timber stud 200mm rigid insulation board board 12mm timber sheathing vapour membrane 12mm 300mm timber sheathing boardboard rigid insulation breather membrane 12mm timber sheathing board 50mm x 50mm timber batten breather membrane 100mm x 75mm timber truss 150mm x 250mm laminated timber beam exterior ground 75mm x 75mm timber purlin

20mm stone handrail water tanks balustrade 300mm diameter 20mm stone tile 100mm screed with under floor heating 100mm rigid insulation board 200mm concrete floor slab

U-value (m2k / W ) metal gutter 250mm x 250mm timber beam 80mm rigid insulation board

internal single glazing facing studio space internal single glazing facing exhibition space

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300mm load bearing concrete column

Sloping Solar Panels: From the southen facade, visitors will be able to view the rows of solar panels. it is a sign of showing off our sustainable feature.

exterior double glazing

20mm exterior timber cladding

Ground Detail

20mm interior timber board 200mm rigid insulation board vapour membrane 12mm timber sheathing board breather membrane

U-value (m2k / W )

0.181

50mm x 50mm timber batten 100mm x 75mm timber truss

Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2016

pv panels 150mm x 250mm laminated timber beam 75mm x 75mm timber purlin

20mm stone tile 100mm screed with under floor heating

Interior Daylighting

metal gutter 250mm x 250mm timber beam 80mm rigid insulation board

exterior double glazing

IES Light Modelling. Left Image: Light level in Retail Space. Right Image: Light level in Design Studio

200mm concrete floor slab

150mm rigid insulation board damp proof membrane

Ground Detail


The Resilient Borders Borders Design Project Incubator + Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

Yichong Mao + Xiaoshan Su

Photo Voltaic Panels In order to maximise the efficiency of the solar panels, 1. we need to prevent over shadowing of the panels 2. we need to maximise the area that is facing South 3. solar panels should be able to have high efficiency throughout the year. We will use the adjustable solar panels on top of the fixed roof which is declined at 34.5 degree. This is the angle that the Summer Sun angle should be.

Ventilation System Roof Light Since the building programme contains both studio and Waste air removed from the building Get heat from outdoor fresh air retail spaces, the uses of both North and South lights afterthe heat recovery Stale, building Get heat from outdoor freshmoist air air is extracted from Waste air removed from become very vital. Light that enters the studio space Summer Summer DayDay Summer Summer Night Night indoor space after heat recovery MVHR unit Stale, moist air is extracted from should not be too strong to cause glare, so we should 100 – 2000 m³ / h Heat the water and transport to the MVHR unit indoor space take the most advantage of the Northern light. At the same buffer storage 100 – 2000 m³ / h Heat the water and transport to the tank time, when Southern or Western light enter the building, Summer Summer DayDay Summer Summer Night Night they should not be too strong or too direct neither. buffer storage tank

Other Resilient Borders 2016 Projects + Textile Centre + Textile Community Centre + Mobile Kids + Borders Design Incubator + Wellbeing Centre and Market + A Centre for Visual Landscape + Borders Water + Skills Traditional + Open Textile Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2016

Thermal Mass In this project, we used natural materials with high thermal mass in order to help to improve the internal condition. We used concrete as thermal mass for the floor and ground components. We also have 300mm thick rammed earth cladding in the interior. We will also have water tanks as both balustrade and thermal mass. louvers louvers open open / underfloor / underfloor cooling cooling on / on MVHR / MVHR off off Ventilation Strategy Natural Natural ventilation ventilation working working withwith small small amount amount of mechanical of mechanical ventilation ventilation A guideline value for the fresh air supply is 30 - 36 m3 / h Summer Day: Natural ventilation working with small per person. The design space is designed for 100 pupils, amount of mechanical ventilation. Louvers open / so it needs 30 m3 / h ×100 = 3000 m3 / h louvers louvers open open /Day underfloor / underfloor cooling cooling on / on MVHR / MVHR off offoff Winter Winter Day underfloor cooling on / MVHR Natural ventilation ventilation working working withwith small small amount amount of mechanical of mechanical ventilation ventilation Considering the number of people in the retail space isNatural not fixed, air flow of 1000 m3 / h is provided for it.

Winter Winter DayDay Rainwater Collection System Rainwater could be collected easily by the sloping roof and transporting by the pipe to the rainwater tank. Rainwater will join the water loop for underfloor heating. It will be heated by deliver to different areas in the building. This strategy significantly reduce the demand of water from city net.

louvers louvers open open / underfloor / underfloor cooling cooling off / off MVHR / MVHR off off Natural Natural ventilation ventilation for night for night cooling cooling

Summer Night: Natural ventilation for night cooling. Louvers open / underfloor cooling off / MVHR off

louvers louvers open open /Night underfloor / underfloor cooling cooling off / off MVHR / MVHR off off Winter Winter Night Natural Natural ventilation ventilation for night for night cooling cooling

Winter Winter Night Night

Winter Night: Natural ventilation. Louvers closed / underfloor heating off / MVHR off

Winter Day: Mechanical heating with heat recovery ventilation. Louvers closed / underfloor heating on / louvers louvers close close / underfloor / underfloor heating heating on / on MVHR / MVHR on on MVHR on

louvers louvers close close / underfloor / underfloor heating heating off / off MVHR / MVHR off off

Mechanical Mechanical heating heating withwith heatheat recovery recovery ventilation ventilation

Natural Natural ventilation ventilation

louvers louvers close close / underfloor / underfloor heating heating on / on MVHR / MVHR on on

louvers louvers close close / underfloor / underfloor heating heating off / off MVHR / MVHR off off

Mechanical Mechanical heating heating withwith heatheat recovery recovery ventilation ventilation

Natural Natural ventilation ventilation


The Resilient Borders Borders Design Project Incubator + Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

Yichong Mao + Xiaoshan Su Water LegendSystem rainwater collected by gutter and transported by pipes

Ground source heat pump 2 × 90 Kw

hot water transported by pipes

Buffer storage tank 3 × 2000 L

water supply from city net waste water

Under-floor heating 1900 m2

rainwater tanks 2 × 3000 L

Tolilet

Legend

Eneygy strategy

Energy Strategy

Eneygy strategy a Rooftop photovoltaics a b

b

c cd d e e ff

Other Resilient Borders 2016 Projects + Textile Centre + Textile Community Centre + Mobile Kids + Borders Design Incubator + Wellbeing Centre and Market + A Centre for Visual Landscape + Borders Water + Skills Traditional + Open Textile Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2016

approx. 1100㎡ Rooftop 250 photovoltaics kWp approx. 1100㎡ 130 MWh/a 250 kWp

130MVHR MWh/a unit (air - water) MVHR unitm³/ (air h - water) 2000 ×2 2000 m³/ h × 2 Underfloor heating (water) Underfloor heating (water) Energy management Energy management system system

Public electricity Public electricity networknetwork LiFePo battery LiFePo battery 200 kWh 200 kWh

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g h i j

Ground source heat pump 90 kWh × 2 Ground source pump Buffer storage tank h heat 90 kWh × 2 3 × 2000 L Buffer storage tank Rainwater collection 3 × 2000 L i

a

Rainwater collection j Water tank Water tank 2 × 3000 L 2 × 3000 L Cold water circulation Cold water circulation

Hot water Hot water circulation Electricity circulation Electricity Gutter

i

Legend

circulation circulation

Gutter

b

rainwater collected by gutter and transported by pipes hot water transported by

Ground source heat pump 2 × 90 Kw Buffer storage tank

pipes

3 × 2000 L

water supply from city net waste water b rainwater tanks

Under-floor heating 1900 m2 Tolilet

2 × 3000 L

f

d

DC

DC

c e

AC AC g

c

c S

c h

c

B

c

j

Profile for #MUI Medellín Urban Innovation

2016 d borders design incubator  

2016 d borders design incubator  

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