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The Resilient Food Borders for Thought Project Kawin Dhanakoses

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

links to our other projects - Forming Nexus - Knowledge Corridor - Gala Gait - Eol Gala - Cycling Gala - Textile Heritage - Gala Design Hub - Textile Tectonics - Food for Thought - The Well-being Network - The Healthy Connection Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2015

“This project is aiming to improve food knowledge of local people, their healthy lifestyles and local agricultural business for social and economic sustainability of the community.� The lack of food knowledge has become an important issue that affects human health and well-being. It is a fundamental knowledge that provide human self-awareness of healthy diets and proper eating habits which could prevent many health problems such as diabetes. Moreover, food knowledge is also about acknowledging people the importance of supporting local agricultural business that is not only beneficial in terms of environmental sustainability but also in terms of economic and social sustainability where local agricultural business can generate income for local people and provide potential in developing their own healthy food culture. The issues: Lack of healthy food choices for high school pupils From the discussion in the workshop, we found the main issue that school meals are not preferable to teenage school pupils where they tend to choose to go out of school to have lunch with their friends. But, there are only few healthy food choices available and none of those are targeting to attract school pupils or teenagers as their main target group. Local agricultural business VS big supermarkets. At the same time, food now travels from evermore distant parts of the globe; relying heavily upon fossil fuels, creating pollution, incresing the need for packaging and preservation, and often reducing freshness and nutritional content. Local agricultural business are struggling in competing with big brand supermarkets. It can also be seen that big retailers occupied much larger space in the town center area comparing to smaller local shops. This could reflect the way in which big retailers store the products which are been transported in large amount at a time. As a result this shows excessive food mile as the imported goods from different countries. Even though local farmers and food production business are capable of producing fresher and higher quality ingredients, but they are far less accessible to local people comparing to big supermarkets.


The Resilient Food Borders for Thought Project Kawin Dhanakoses

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

The Network Proposition The integration of “Social”, “Economic” and “Education” As the diagram below explains, local agricultural business owners and farmers can be provided with more profitable route to market. By providing more opportunities for people to meet with the food growers, this automatically encourages a sense of community between buyers and sellers which can result in stronger community cohesion. In terms of environment, not only the pollution associated with food transportation would decrease, but also people in the community would be more interested in how the land around them is farmed or even grow their own food. Enhancing the “Links” School + Local Farmers + Local People = Knowledge + Economy + Social

links to our other projects - Forming Nexus - Knowledge Corridor - Gala Gait - Eol Gala - Cycling Gala - Textile Heritage - Gala Design Hub - Textile Tectonics - Food for Thought - The Well-being Network - The Healthy Connection Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2015

The Programmatic Proposition This project comprises of 2 main sites that have differetn programmes specific to their context that also bring out the best potential out of the sites. Site A: The Galashiels Academy “The prototype of sustainble food system” The school playground would be extended and transformed into a farming area where project “A” is located. The main objective of the building programme in this site is to become a prototype to act as a learning resource for food production, from farm to table, and also how food waste and agricultural residues can be recycled as a renewable energy source. Site B: The Gala Park “The Good Vibes” The Gala Park is chosen for project “B” as it has the best potential for this project to enhance the links between knowledge, economy and community. Located centrally, the programme of site “B” is designed to focus more on community and social aspects. By integrating and settling itself into more complex urban connections, this would create positive impressions in the middle of the town center and also be able to promote social and economic sustainability.

Site A : Galashiels Academy Processing

Site B : Town Center Access & Distribution Consumption

Waste Recovery

Food Education

Community Socialising

Access & Consumption

Existing Food Shop

Refurbished Unoccupied Space

School’s Canteen

Food Production

Galashiels Academy

Socialising & Recreation Area

Food Production

Borders College


The Resilient Food Borders for Thought Project Kawin Dhanakoses

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

Neighborhood Rejuvenation Plan By fitting the programmatic proposition effectively into the context of the Gala park, several changes to the existing site have also been proposed to benefit the neighborhood in the long term. Reintroduce “The Mill Lade” The existing Mill Lade should be more integrated into the neighborhood. By including existing natural features into the site would provide people more awareness of their environment.

links to our other projects - Forming Nexus - Knowledge Corridor - Gala Gait - Eol Gala - Cycling Gala - Textile Heritage - Gala Design Hub - Textile Tectonics - Food for Thought - The Well-being Network - The Healthy Connection Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2015

Promoting safer environment and creating positive engagement This proposal includes the removal of existing bridge in order to enhance the flow of pedestrians. The bridge is changed into steps of landscape linking between two different ground levels and into the building which this also provide the unobstructed extended visual connection of the Gala Park. Bank Street would become narrower with the wider pavements for pedestrians, in order to promote a safer environment and encourage more social activities about food and well-being for every people in the community. Unoccupied Store Front to become health food shops Moreover, this would be beneficial to existing food shops and unoccupied store front which would become a health food shops running. Gala park as “allotments”, “farming lab” and “playground” The Gala park will transform into the mixed use park of 3 different functions. The area of the park nearest to the building would become an area for intensive organic farming which is connected directly to the farmers’ market. Secondly, the area around the middle section of the park will become community allotments where people in the community can grown their own food and gain farming knowledge from local farmers and specialists. The remaining area of the Gala park will become recreational area for every people and playgrounds for children where every people can meet, socialise and eat healthy food together.


The Resilient Food Borders for Thought Project Kawin Dhanakoses

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

links to our other projects - Forming Nexus - Knowledge Corridor - Gala Gait - Eol Gala - Cycling Gala - Textile Heritage - Gala Design Hub - Textile Tectonics - Food for Thought - The Well-being Network - The Healthy Connection Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2015

Volumetric Proposition

Users Activities Sharing academic knowledge (research)

Educating young pupils about healthy diet and well-being

Sharing farming experiments, Sharing research & technical knowledge

Exchanging farming experience, Co-operating agricultural business

Meet local farmers, Local people gain knowledge about farming Learn to grow their own food

Socialising, enjoy local healthy food Improve social cohesion Improve health and well-being


The Resilient Food Borders for Thought Project Kawin Dhanakoses

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

links to our other projects - Forming Nexus - Knowledge Corridor - Gala Gait - Eol Gala - Cycling Gala - Textile Heritage - Gala Design Hub - Textile Tectonics - Food for Thought - The Well-being Network - The Healthy Connection Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2015

The building environmental strategies: 1. Biomass from food waste The main concept is to produce renewable energy from food waste and agricultural residues in the form of “biomass”. Wet food waste could undergo anaerobic digestion process to produce biogas that we could burn for heat or the solid residue which we could burn as a fuel or use as fertilizer. 2. PV Panels for shading and energy The solar panels are installed on top of the glass house sloped towards the south. 3. The Greenhouse as “Buffer Zone” Not only the glass house would provide the facility for Organic farming lab, it also act as the second layer facade and become the buffer zone for the seminar room. 4. Skylight Roof The small skylight openings provide the use of natural daylight as well as natural ventilation. They are designed in the position that allows maximum adaptability to future use. 5. Cooking heat from biomass 6. Heat recovery from cooking Heat from cooking would go through heat exchanger system to heat up the floor during winter

7. Rainwater recycling system From the top roof, rainwater is collected and used for watering crops in the lab on the top floor. Excess rainwater from run-off area is channeled into the grey water treatment system to use for flushing toilets and irrigation system for the park where excess rain water would be channeled into the Mill Lade.


The Resilient Food Borders for Thought Project Kawin Dhanakoses

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

links to our other projects - Forming Nexus - Knowledge Corridor - Gala Gait - Eol Gala - Cycling Gala - Textile Heritage - Gala Design Hub - Textile Tectonics - Food for Thought - The Well-being Network - The Healthy Connection Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2015

Structure follows Environmental Strategies Due to the difference in the average room temperature and level of exposure of these 2 zones, yellow and brown, the main structural beams are separated in order to extend the service life of timber structure. The cantilevered terrace area is supported by tension structural members hanging from the truss above which allows the utilization of smaller structural members dimensions comparing to compression structural members. Structural Materials “Scottish Larch� is selected as the main material in many components of this projectbecause not only it scores in most of the sustainable criterias mentioned earlier, it can also aesthetically express weathering through time and represent the authenticity of the place.

Boards Joists Beams Columns

- 3-ply core plywood - Solid structural timber - Glued Laminated Timber (glulam) - Solid timber on pinned base (steel plate)

Concept on building materials - Renewable - Low embodied energy - Low CO2 emissions - Sourced locally - Reuseable and recyclable - Minimum waste - Non-polluting


The Resilient Food Borders for Thought Project Kawin Dhanakoses

+ Programme and Place + Prospectus + Prototype

links to our other projects - Forming Nexus - Knowledge Corridor - Gala Gait - Eol Gala - Cycling Gala - Textile Heritage - Gala Design Hub - Textile Tectonics - Food for Thought - The Well-being Network - The Healthy Connection Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture M.Sc. Advanced Sustainable Design 2015

Structure and Building Service Integration Timber floor joists are placed on top of the main beam in order to create space allowing building sevices to be integrated along with the structure throughout the building. Moreover, this approach helps reducing the amount and process of complicated steel connectors and also not compromising on strength and structural performance. Wood protection by design Layers of materials and assemblies protect the main structural members of the building from being exposed to the environment and the semi-exposed wood products are designed to be easily inspected. As a result, this reduces the use of wood presevatives and chemicals. The solid timber column is placed on pinned base steel plate which provide clearance for avoiding problems caused by splashing water on the ground floor. The horizontal and sloping surfaces of components are covered by other materials to protect the structure from precipitation. Moreover, building assemblies, especially walls, are designed to ensure ventilation so that penetrating moisture or candensation can be carried away by evaporation.

Building Assemblies Floor Components : (U-value = 0.6639 W/m2.K) Finishes - 20 mm. Natural Larch boarding on raised floor timber support Cavity - 90 mm. Ventilated cavity Membrane - Waterproof membrane Structure - 20 mm. 3-ply core plywood - 50x150 mm. Timber floor joists with mechanical services between

Wall Components : 300 mm. (U-value = 0.1968 W/m2.K) Finishes - 20 mm. Natural Larch tongue and groove weatherboarding on battens Cavity - 50 mm. Ventilated cavity Membrane - Breather membrane Structure - 10 mm. 3-ply core plywood - 50x150 mm. Timber studs with mineral fibre thermal insulation between Membrane - Polyethylene vapour barrier (air-tight) - 10 mm. 3-ply core plywood

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2015 i food for thought  

2015 i food for thought