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The Re-Enactor Issue 25, January 2011

Worzel shoot @ Mannigton Hall

Readership 1307

Greetings All Welcome to issue 25 of the Re-Enactor, Now read in 31 different countries! The traderâ€&#x;s season is in full swing here in the UK, with events all over the country-so plenty of chance to pick up the latest piece of kit ready for next year. I will be getting to as many of these events as possible to catch up with the traders and sign up more for the traders section! Two brand new competitions this month and not a book in sight! Take a look at the competition page to see what is up for grabs this month. If any traders would like to put up a competition prize in exchange for as much advertising space as they want please do get in contact. Alcantara band, France

Just As always, I am still on the lookout for more groups, traders, event details, stories, articles and reports. Please contact me at the normal email address with details!

Features This Month 1: The Battle of Nations-Report. 2: Competitions. 3: Invite: Towton Battlefield Society. 4: Book Review: Gaius Petronius Merva. 5: Medieval battles by Paul Remfry 6: Historical Trekking by Keith H. Burgess 7: Event Listings 8: First Citizen Emperor by Charles Eyer

Competitions: All competitions are free to enter Winners will be selected at random on the 24th of each month for the relevant competition. Winners will be notified via email shortly after the draw takes place. No correspondence will be entered into. The editor’s decision is final.

The views and opinions expressed in the articles in this ezine are those of the individual authors themselves and not those of the Editor

The international summit of the participants of the project “Battle of the Nations” took place in Kiev Post-release On December, 10-11 2010 the second international summit of the participants of the project “Battle of the Nations” took place in Kiev. Battle of the Nations® is the international project which includes the most significant events on historical medieval battles all over the world, in particular, large-scale and spectacular historical festivals. In Ukraine the festival “Battle of the Nations” was held for the first time in 2010 in Khotyn Fortress (Chernovtsy region). The colourful event, which included mass full-contact battles between the world National teams on historical medieval battles, has aroused a great interest and attracted lots of tourists. The representatives of the organizational committee and the captains of the National Teams of the countries-participants among which there were Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Poland took part in the second international summit. The representatives of the countries which have recently joined the project and which are preparing to take part in the next festival “Battle of the Nations” – Lithuania, France, the USA, Italy, Canada (Quebec) – have come to the summit as well. The participants of the summit have demonstrated a number of presentations, exhibition battles and also have discussed a number of questions related to the organization and improvement of the festival “Battle of the Nations-2011” in Khotyn. The active preparation to this event has been already started. During the summit the creation of “The World Association of historical re-enactors of the Middle Ages” has been announced. “The association will be engaged in the questions related to historical re-enactment in general and historical medieval battles in particular as well as the promotion of historical medieval battles as a new world sport. The association will make the world ratings of the fighters, the clubs and, in particular, the individual ratings of

the fighters who practise historical medieval battles. Besides, the organization is planning to organize different events regarding historical medieval battles just as it‟s done in the organizations UEFA and NHL, but in our new kind of sport”, - told Anton Trubnikov, the captain of the National Team of Ukraine on historical medieval battles. The presentation and acceptance of the common international rules on historical medieval battles also have taken part within the summit. Such rules will simplify the creation of international ratings which actually reflect the preparation level of a National Team, a club, a fighter. Besides, during the summit there was a conference which has been attended by the representatives of the National Teams of the project “Battle of the Nations” who are planning to participate in the next festival of the project in 2011. In the course of the conference the captain of the National Team of Canada (Quebec) Serge Lavigueur mentioned that the tradition of historical medieval battles exists in Quebec for a long time, and the current summit for him is an important opportunity to establish the communication with the representatives of the other countries which practise historical medieval battles. The captain of the National Team of Italy Aimone di Nimes said that the tryout tournament among Italian fighters is being currently held so that they can represent their country in the project “Battle of the Nations” with dignity. “We‟d like to get as much valuable experience in the battles of this project as possible”, - he added.

Edouard Eme, the captain of the National Team of France, designated the project “Battle of the Nations” as the highest level of the festivals of a medieval battle. “For me it‟s particularly important to represent France with dignity on the festivals of the project as France takes not the last place on historical medieval battles in the world”, - he underlined thereupon. The representative of the movement of Historical Re-enactment of the Middle Ages from the USA James Etherton noted that “Battle of the Nations” is a brand-new project for his country. Therefore the trainings of the fighters within the creation of the National Team on historical medieval battles started in the USA not so long ago, but they are in full swing so that the representatives of the USA can participate in the next festival of the project in Ukraine in 2011. Karolis Jankauskas, the captain of the National Team of Lithuania, underlined that the next year his country put forward their own National Team for the competitions, unlike the competitions of 2010 during which there was the united Team of Poland and Lithuania. The captain of the National Team of Poland Hubert Filipiak expressed his gratitude to the countries which have joined the project “Battle of the Nations”. “I‟m glad to have a chance to get acquainted with their fighting style, communication style within this summit. I hope that within the project “Battle of the Nations” we can prove that the Polish knights are among the best”, - mentioned Hubert Filipiak.

The representative of the National Team of Republic of Belarus Eugene Baranov informed the summit participants about the fact that the National Team of Belarus on historical medieval battles was formed at the beginning of 2010 to participate in the international project “Battle of the Nations” and during the currant year it was taking part in eight tournaments. “We are planning to improve the preparation inside the National Team next year and we hope to achieve higher results in the project “Battle of the Nations-2011”, added E. Baranov. The captain of the National Team of Russia on historical medieval battles Igor Demidov mentioned in his turn that the project “Battle of the Nations” is compared favourably with many similar festivals as it not only represents the pick of the world movement of Historical Re-enactment of the Middle Ages but also is public-oriented. “The next festival will be not just a spectacle. I‟m sure that the organizers will make every effort in order to organize a good attraction for tourists which will plunge people into medieval atmosphere”, - he concluded. The historical festivals where one practises historical medieval battles are popular all over the world. Anton Trubnikov underlined that such events revive the interest to history, promote actively the development of the tourist potential of a country and a region, cultural exchange between the nations and, what is more, get the youth involved in sports and active lifestyle. As the project “Battle of the Nations”, according to A. Trubnikov‟s words, is interesting not only for the participants-sportsmen but also for the fans: National Teams compete on the lists of “Battle of the Nations” that‟s why it‟s easy for the fans to orient – who they need to support during the battle. A sport excitement is also roused with the clearness of the rules and the fixed numbers of the team participants while the battle: either one versus one or five versus five, or twenty one versus twenty one. Due to the high level of the organization and festival participants‟ professionalism the international project “Battle of the Nations” attracts more and more attention, and the number of the counties-participants grows. In whole, the festival “Battle of the Nations” facilitates the reinforcement of the image of Ukraine in Europe and in the world, enhances the tourist attractiveness of our country. Reference 

Historical medieval battles (HMB) – a kind of sport fighting with the usage of offensive and protective arms of the Middle Ages which is specially done and adapted for a full-contact battle. These battles are held in a full contact and with various tactical circumstances, with different number of participants and the condition of the victory. The notion HMB includes all the varieties of a force fighting with the usage of the items of historical re-enactment of the Middle Ages: historical fencing, buhgurts, melee, small group battles, etc.

More information, photo, video, contacts are on the site

Competition one

Competition two Nidderdale archery has supplied me with 12 3/8” Ash Shafts, “spined” between 90-95lbs. To win these 12 shafts simply log onto and answer this question: Question: Nidderdale Archery supply shafts in 4 traditional materials what are they?

Send your answers for both competitions to my email address along with your full postal address before January 24th (2011) to be in with a chance of winning! Email:

A huge thank you to Fran at Medieval Art & Woodcraft and to both Richard & Adele at Nidderdale archery for supplying these great prizes. Please do check out their websites for other potential purchases.


The Autobiography of Gaius Petronius Merva Soldier of Rome Author: George Saqqal Publisher: Third Millennium Publishing (


John Barton

I really enjoyed this book. As a novice in terms of the Roman Empire and its legions I found the wealth of factual information very enlightening. If I doubted any fact, such as the height of Maximinus, I checked this carefully. All proved accurate... Maximinus was indeed considered to be a giant of around 8 feet tall! This is the key to the book. Saqqal has provided lots of historical information. What the book is not is an adventure. This is no 'Sharpe'. If you like, it fits the 80:20 rule. Cornwell bases books on historical fact but the books are 80% drama. Saqqal has the opposite approach; 80% fact, 20% drama. For this reason the book is an excellent introduction to the Roman empire around the time of its millenium. Particularly the life of its legions and their political masters. These were generally difficult times and for anyone who rues their present government, the politics of Rome make very interesting reading... a long term career at the top of Roman politics was an impossibility, an early death very likely. We all read books for different reasons. This book will particularly suit those who are developing an interest in the Roman empire or those who want to take on a re-enactment role as a legionnaire or centurion. This is a long book, of 456 pages, there is much information. Autobiographies are a specialist field, often read for salacious information, gossip. There is relatively little of this sort of material in the book. Indeed it is difficult to get into the person who is Gaius. For example this man had almost nil documented love life. I am sure that as a man of power and a soldier all his life he would have a rich cache of risque tales to tell. Indeed I found myself relating more to Cella. There are few personal life strands running through the book. His best friend Milo is a very sketchy figure who ends up as reproduced correspondence only. In short, Gaius in short is rather dull. He was reliable, effective, liked, had dependent relationships but never seemed to develop deep friendships. This means that distraction from the historical material is minimal. On a very much personal note, the book is written in american english which may or may not bother the reader. However the use of expressions such as 'gotten', used repeatedly, pull you away from the period. Use of 'firing' rather than 'shooting' for archers will also be an irritation to history buff

THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF GAIUS PETRONIUS MERVA By George Saqqal Available to purchase now in trade paperback form at US$17,95 or electronic form at US$7.50 from my web site:

21st Annual Traditional Archery Shoot Saturday, 05 February 2011 at 08:00 Sunday, 06 February 2011 at 16:00



Galt Sportsmens Glub 6542 Gore Road Cambridge, ON, Canada Hand-painted medieval targets 3D animal course also open Traditional archery tackle $15 per day, $25 for both days

More info

Wand Shoot 1pm Saturday. Champions Arrow 1pm Sunday. Wooden arrows only for Wand and Champions Arrow Food available at clubhouse More info contact: Gerry Lee: 905-639-2405 Sandy Gordier: 519-740-5455

Artifest 2011 Pennsylvania USA



The second annual Artifest, sponsored by the Museum of Indian Culture, will take place June 11th and 12th, 2011, on Museum grounds, in the beautiful Lehigh Parkway in Allentown, Pennsylvania. This year, the Museum of Indian Culture celebrated its 30th year anniversary. To kick-off the celebration, the museum hosted its first ever multi-cultural event, Artifest 2010, featuring live performances and exhibits by Native Americans, African-Americans, Asian Indians, Australians, Colombians, Mexican, Moravians, Pennsylvania Dutch, and many more. Visitors overwhelmingly agreed that Artifest 2010 was truly remarkable. “One moment you are entwined in Shakespearean parody, then the next you find yourself on stage hoola hooping!” Artifest 2011 is currently inviting performers from all cultures and ethnicities to participate. If interested, please fill out the performer application by emailing interest to, or by visiting the event website at

The Grumpy Olde Archers In Assoc. with Marks hall Estate

April 9th & 10th 2011 Marks Hall estate Coggeshall England A weekend of archery including clout, wand and popinjay shoots. Medieval Market & living history encampment In aid of Help for Heroes All shoot and pitch fees to charity

The Battle of Mortimer’s Cross 550th Anniversary September 17th & 18th 2011 Main A49, 1 mile north of Leominster, Herefordshire England Battle re-enactment each day with fully armoured knights, archers and gunners. Separate arena for barber surgeon, medieval dancing, mummer’s plays and music. Living history encampment Traders row Beer tent Local food stalls Passamezzo Early Dance Owain Leech (Barber Surgeon) Nominus Adults £5, Under 16s FREE, Concessions £4 Free Parking for all Contact: Bob & Pennie:01989 762159 Or Jason: 01432 352755

Medieval Battles, 1047 to 1295, Volume 1 This is an introduction to a series of books looking in detail at the original accounts of medieval battles within the Anglo-Norman realm between 1047 and 1295. The books are primarily based upon first hand translations of Exchequer documents and chronicle accounts. For the first time all the major sources are brought together for the reader to experience what was known of battle in this period. This first volume includes a detailed look at what it was actually like to be a knight or common soldier with first-hand accounts of the life of medieval soldiering. The training, armaments and ethos of medieval soldiers are examined in individual chapters before taking a more detailed look at the planning and events for eleven campaigns along the Plantagenet frontier. Contents Introduction The Sources An Overview of a Medieval Army The Mentality of Soldiering in the Middle Ages The Accoutrements of Armour Changing Fashion Royal and Baronial Seals Cavalry, Knights and Serjeants Knightly Effigies Crossbowmen Archers and Foot Siege Engines and Engineers Mercenaries Trade Tactics and Pay Raising Troops Numbers Naval Transport and Fleets Casualties and Battle Cairns Supply and Logistics Transport, Movement, Speed and Distance Income Wounds Campaigns The March towards Corwen, April to September 1165 The Welsh in the French Wars of Richard the Lionheart The Ceri Campaign of 1228 The Painscastle Campaign of 1231 The Wars of Prince Dafydd The Degannwy Campaign, 26 August to 26 October 1245 The Welsh Campaign of 1257 Cefnllys, December 1262 The Welsh Campaign of 1276 to 1277 The Welsh War of 1282 to 1283 The Regent's Campaign of 1287 Appendixes A List of Early Effigies containing Heraldry

The Cost of Troops from the Twelfth to the Fourteenth Centuries Index of Names General Index

Introduction This series of books is intended to give the reader a good grounding in the battles that took place within the Anglo-Norman realm during the Middle Ages. For such an understanding it is first necessary to place yourself in the age when these events occurred. It is of little value to look at ancient battles with the eyes of a modern specialist. Our medieval counterparts had no electronic communications and to them the only weapon of mass destruction was famine and resultant plague - and all sides were happy to use this when it was deemed necessary. It is therefore necessary to attempt to understand how medieval man saw his world. Life held different values in the Middle Ages and death, especially early death, was seen as a part of life, rather than an aberration as it is today. At the head of local society was the feudal knight, holding his land by service to his lord. His lord in turn might hold of another lord and eventually you would reach the tenant-in-chief who held his land directly from the king. The king held all the land. These knights and lords made up the heavy cavalry shock troops that formed the core of medieval armies in this period. At the other end of the feudal scale was the yeoman who held his land from the lord or knight. He might also employ farm labourers or serfs who were legally tied to a piece of land. These men provided the infantry, otherwise known as archers, spearmen, knifemen or simply, the foot. This is a simplistic view of medieval armies and as we shall see there was much overlapping in what was an uncertain and constantly changing world, even if today we tend to think of the Middle Ages as a time of stagnation and fixed ideas. Of particular importance to the study of medieval battles is the size and components of an army. Contemporary chroniclers are often said to have „exaggerated their figures'. Is this true? There is a human tendency, and historians are certainly not immune to this, that allows us to cherry-pick figures and somewhat ignore the caliber and credibility of the sources. A small figure is often accepted, but a large one rejected. In reality the scribes who wrote these figures might have had no clear idea at all of what was a „rational figure'. In some modern works the Crusaders of the eleventh and twelfth centuries are allowed armies up to 100,000 men strong, yet when various sources state that a combination of Sultans put 330,000 men in the field it is an exaggeration. The best answer would appear to be based on an assessment of what is possible and to this end much of the early section of this work will deal with the numbers armies consisted of and the consequent problems of supply. This book is designed to set the stage for later books which will concentrate on the battles of Wales, England, Normandy, Scotland and Ireland. Available now for £29.95. Consists of 398 A4 pages and 147 illustrations and maps.

Editor’s Note: I will have a copy of this book to give away later in the year!

The International Living History Fair February 25th – 27th 2011

*New Venue*

History Boot Camp April 2nd & 3rd 2011 Frederic Osborn School, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England

Bruntingthorpe Proving Ground, Lutterworth, Leicestershire, England.

Last year saw 28 seminars and 26 traders.

Olde England Presents A Victorian Fete 10th & 11th June 2011

Midland History Festival 6th & 7th June 2011

This is your chance to learn a new skill or teach a skill to fellow re-enactors in a very The international Living History Fair relaxed atmosphere. exists to provide a market place, a meeting place and a fabulous opportunity for all, Most Seminars are free visitors and re-enactors alike, to meet and £23.00 for the weekend discuss all periods of our historical past. Large flat field, indoor accommodation Many of Europe’s best artisans, craftsmen available, hot showers, proper toilets, and traders are on hand happy to advise subsidised bar and good food. on and provide a huge array of items and No Ninja Squirrels! replicas of our historical heritage

Templecombe, Somerset, England

Ragley Hall, Alcester, England

A Neo-Victorian Medieval Fete and A multi-period event, Roman through to campout where Steampunk gets to go WWII medieval, Victorian style. Large Living History displays Historical Craft Market Weekend ticket: £40.00 Battlefield and small arena Saturday ticket: £25.00 (includes evening) Archery, Man-at-arms competitions Sunday public day: £5.00 Trolls Bottom re-enactors bar Forge work demonstration Lots to see and do all weekend including Falconry Victorian cuisine, scrapheap challenge, Craft Marquee medieval men-at-arms competitions, historical dance, steam organ, music and 10% of profit to Royal British legion burlesque.

18th century Historical Trekking-A Winter‟s Tale. © Keith H. Burgess. MSF 2007, Armidale 2350 Australia. I left alone early in the morning with the frost still on the ground. Before leaving I loaded my fusil just in case I should need it. I started north following the wilderness trail until I reached Pilot‟s Rock at the head of Hazard Valley, so named for a close friend who died some years ago. His Living History persona was that of Arthur Hazard, but his real name was Arthur William Baker. From Pilot‟s Rock I moved steeply down into the valley below catching at saplings to steady me on the slippery decent. This was true forest with sticks and leaves and rocks littering my downward path. In order for me to take advantage of every hand hold I was continually having to swap my fusil from hand to hand. Finally I reached the bottom and crossed the narrow now dry Header stream and started my ascent again on the other side. I took my time in the climb as I did not want to perspire too much. If one goes to bed at night damp in the winter you are very likely to freeze. The best thing to do is to dry your clothes in front of the fire before lying down for the night. I saw pig sign along the trail but it was not recent, then a strong scent of wild pig came to me and I stood still surveying the forest about me. It does not pay to hurry on a walk or trek, you can miss seeing a lot of things if you do. Slowly and quietly are best in the woods. Seeing nothing I moved on but held my fusil at the ready, and then beside the trail I saw fresh diggings and large rocks that had been turned over. Further on I found a downed tree, now hollow and split with age, part of it had been torn apart as if by a huge bear looking for grubs. Here the smell was strongest and the tracks in the earth, about the size of my palm were fresh since the last rain the day before. Again I stopped and listened and looked, but all was silence. I took this opportunity to pour a measure of buckshot down the barrel on top of the round ball load. I topped this off with a leather wad to hold the shot in place, then cradling my fusil in my left arm I moved on. As I reached the ridge above the country changed, now the ground beneath the trees was covered in bracken and old mossy logs, here too were many Goonagurra, grass trees. This part of the forest had a primeval look and feel about it. The trail was narrow here among the bracken and the grass trees and I felt it necessary to stop frequently to look and listen. As I reached a bend in the trail I saw a giant tree had fallen against another and was being held there after having smashed large branches to the ground. It was an eerie feeling walking past these giants knowing that sooner or later the pressure would become too much and both would come crashing across the trail. A movement up ahead caught my attention but it was only two wood duck taking off from the dam. They beat their way through the trees weaving and dodging and then slowly turned to come speeding back toward me again. I raised my fusil in mock readiness and they would have made easy targets with a load of number 6. The dam was full which was a pleasing site and I found more pig tracks and a couple of wallows in the muddy edges. There was sign of goat having been there too but not recent. I made my way into the edge of the woods and took off my pack, water bottle, shot pouch and

horn and then just stood for a while taking in the serenity. Sunlight was now sending shafts of pale light through the trees and far off I heard the morning serenade of magpies. It was an easy matter to use the leather ties from my bedroll to secure a cross pole between two trees and from there I secured my oil cloth making wooden pegs with my tomahawk to peg the lower edge down. Inside this I lay a thick bed of sticks and over this I cast my blanket. My shot pouch, horn and fusil I lay on the blanket well back from where my fireplace would be, and covered them with one side of the blanket. Then I found another pole and pushed it between the cross pole and the oil cloth forming a ridge in the oil cloth from cross pole down to the ground. The upper part of this pole stuck out over the fireplace to be used for hanging my kettle. The morning was spent clearing the area around my shelter of debris and building a pile of sticks next to the shelter to keep the wind out and to be used as firewood. I collected a good pile of heavy wood that would last me through the night and placed it close to the shelter so I could reach it without getting out of my blanket. In the back of the shelter I stored plenty of kindling, both dry grass and larger kindling sticks. These would remain dry regardless of rain or snow and would be used if the fire should go out in the night. I dug a small fire pit and surrounded it with rocks and earth, rocks furthest away from the shelter to reflect warmth back into the shelter, and earth on the near side to keep any running water out of the pit. This done I picked up my fusil, shot pouch and horn and went for a scout about to see what I could find. I was back in camp well before dark having found plenty of sign of wild goats and pigs but sighted no animals except roos and wallaby. I set about laying my fire and making fire with flint and steel. There is something very satisfying about using primitive methods to accomplish a task; it gives one a strong feeling of self-reliance. Once the fire was going well I put a kettle of water on to boil. My 18th century style brass trade kettle weighs just under 11/2lbs, but it is sturdy and large enough for a big stew and with its bail it is a pleasure to use. It does not take up much room in my knapsack despite being about 7 inches wide and 4 ½ inches deep, because I pack it with my bags of dried foods. My water I carry in a leather costrel which is very light when empty and holds about 2 litres. Once the kettle was boiling I added some loose tea and lifted it off the fire to brew. A dash of rum from my period flask improved the taste and I enjoyed a meal of bread and corned beef. I woke several times in the night to build up the fire, the cold having woken me. Sometime in the early morning hours I woke again to find only a few remaining coals kept alive by the ash. I quickly grabbed a handful of light kindling from the back of my shelter and gently blew until I had flames again. In the flickering firelight I could see a light fluttering of snow falling. I stoked the fire well and pulling my Monmouth cap down over my ears tried to get some more sleep. Morning was a winter wonderland with snow on the ground and the trees. I climbed out of my bedroll and shelter to go for a walk and relieve myself. Then back to my shelter and put on a kettle of water to boil. It was a beautiful sight and I just sat there looking at all the

whiteness. I was jerked out of my thoughts by screams like a demented seagull as three large black cockies flew over looking more like giant vampire bats in the early light. What a strange wild land this is, but it has its own beauty. As the sun came up in the east behind me the rays of light came through the forest trees in shafts and shone on the mist like a mirror making things seem brighter than they really were. As the sun rose the shafts of light moved over the snow and the dripping from the trees began. I wished it had kept snowing. After the tea had brewed I poured myself a cup and put some oats and currents on to cook. Then got out my little handmade journal and began to make a record of this trek so far. There can be nothing finer I think than sitting snug in a primitive shelter on a cold morning with snow all around whilst eating a hot meal and sipping a hot drink. I did not want to leave, though I knew I had to sooner or later. So I sat there thinking how nice it would be to live a life like this, then realised that I virtually did, except in a house in the forest instead of a primitive shelter. My thoughts strayed to life 300 years ago, the adventure and the hardships and thought myself very lucky that I could experience this lifestyle still. I sat there a long time before finally heading for home.

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10% Discount For all new customers in January 2011

Event Listing 2011 January 8th ACWS Grand Ball, Redlands, California, USA 15th ACWS/IVLHA Live Fire, El Centro, California, USA

February 5th ACWS Lincoln Shrine Parade & Encampment, Redlands, California 12th Las Vegas Council BSA Mountain Man, Moapa Indian Reservation, Nevada 18th – 20th Military History Fest! Reenacting and trade fair, North Shore, Westin, Chicago 19th Living History in Worcester 7, Worcestershire, UK For more information: 19th ACWS Calico Ghost Town Reenactment, Barstow, California, USA 27th The Great Northwood Company Clout Shoot, The Streatham & Croydon Rugby Club, Contact Ruth Mulley: 07720299369,

March 11th – 14th The 4th Annual School of The Soldier, Tarago, NSW, Australia 12th SWCWA Picacho Pass Reenactment, Picacho Peak State Park, Arizona, USA 19th ACWS Picacho Pass Reenactment, Los Angeles, Nevada, USA 19th Perth Medieval Fayre, Supreme Court Gardens, Perth, Western Australia For information:

April 2nd SCCWA Prado Dam Reenactment, Chino, California, USA 2nd & 3rd History Boot Camp, Frederic Osbourn School, Welwyn garden City, England or email: 9th & 10th The Grumpy Olde Archers at Marks Hall Estate, Coggeshall, England Email: 24th & 25th The Knights of Royal England ( at Knebworth House, England 24th & 25th The Medieval Siege Society at Cressing Temple Barns, England 30th – 2nd The Knights of Royal England ( at Blenheim Palace, England

May 30th – 2nd The Medieval Siege Society at Hedingham Castle, England 14th Las Vegas Helldorado Days Parade, Downtown Las Vegas, Nevada, USA 14th World War II Day, Calvert County Fairgrounds, Prince Frederick, Maryland, USA 29th & 30th The Knights of Royal England ( at Hedingham Castle, England

June 1st- 5th The Knights of Royal England ( at Leeds castle, England 3rd – 6th Pencampwr Gan Abertridwr, SCA Camping Event, Wandi Community Grounds, DeHaer rd. Wandi For information: Email: 10th – 12th Olde England Presents A Victorian Fete at Templecombe, Somerset, England 11th & 12th The Medieval Siege Society at Weald Country Park, England 11th & 12th Museum of Indian Culture 2825 Fish Hatchery Road, Allentown, Pa USA 18103 Information: 11th & 12th, Chester Roman Festival Contact: 17th – 19th The Knights of Royal England ( at Cardiff Castle, Wales

18th & 19th Tatton Park Medieval Fayre, England

July 2nd & 3rd Chetwynd Medieval fair, Chetwynd, Shropshire, UK For information: 2nd & 3rd The Knights of Royal England ( at Linlithgow Palace, Scotland‟

3rd & 4th fête médiévale de briançon!/group.php?gid=148203611869332 4th Summerlin 4th July Parade, 2011, Summerlin or NW Las Vegas, Nevada, USA 9th Old Fort MacArthur Days Timeline, San Pedro, California, USA 9th & 10th The Knights of Royal England ( at Linlithgow Palace, Scotland

10th & 11th Tewkesbury Medieval Festival, Tewkesbury, England July 12th – 17th Viking Market in Gudvangen 16th & 17th The Knights of Royal England ( at Hever Castle, England 22nd – 24th The Knights of Royal England ( at Hever Castle, England 23rd & 24th The Arthurian Centre, Slaughterbridge, Camelford, Cornwall, England 29th – 31st The Knights of Royal England ( at Hever Castle, England 30th & 31st Berkeley Skirmish at Berkeley Castle, England

August 5th – 7th The Knights of Royal England ( at Blenheim Palace, England 6th & 7th Midland History Festival at Ragley hall, Alcester, England or Email: 12th – 14th The Knights of Royal England ( at Hever Castle, England

13th & 14th The Arthurian Centre, Slaughterbridge, Camelford, Cornwall, England 13th & 14th The Medieval Siege Society at The Siege of Bodium Castle, England 13th & 14th Lincoln Castle “Preparing for Siege”, Lincoln castle, England 19th & 21st The Knights of Royal England ( at Hever Castle, England 27th & 28th The Knights of Royal England ( at Hever Castle, England 27th – 29th England‟s medieval Festival at Herstmonceaux Castle, England 28th & 29th The Knights of Royal England ( at Hedingham Castle, England

September 3rd Huntington Beach Reenactment, Hunington Beach, California, USA 4th The Knights of Royal England ( at Knebworth House, England 18th & 19th The Knights of Royal England ( at Leeds Castle, England

October 8th ACWS Helendale Re-Enactment, California, USA 29th ACWS/SNLHA Spring Mountain Ranch Reenactment, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

November 11th Las Vegas Veteran‟s Day Parade 2011, Downtown Las Vegas, Nevada, USA 26th & 27th Ludlow Castle Medieval Christmas fair, Ludlow, Shropshire, UK Craft fair, medieval traders, combat, have a go archery

Mossy Noecy Books announces a New Novel A historical novel of the Roman Empire has just been released by Charles David Eyer, a local author and history buff. First Citizen Emperor tells the story of Emperor Nero coming of age in the middle of his reign, the high water mark of the Julio-Claudians. These first five Emperors: Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius and Nero were all related by blood. They had all inherited the throne because of family ties. It was an informal, vulnerable method of succession. If the system ever broke down, Rome would be plunged into bloody civil war. The story of First Citizen Emperor covers the years 62 to 65. The cast of characters include Empress Poppaea: She was the celebrated beauty of Rome. Nero killed both his mother and his first wife so he would be free to marry her. But could she provide him with a son, an heir to the throne? Senator Vespasian: A senior senator of humble origins, he would become Governor in Africa and then a member of Nero‟s ineer circle. How far would fortunre carry him? Prefect Tigellinus: In 62 he became a new co-Commander of the Praetorian Guard, Nero‟s bodyguard and private army. How ruthless and corrupting would his influence be on Nero? Prefect Faenius Rufus: Colleague to Tigellinus, he was the “other Prefect.” How would his loyalty stand up to the political intrigue surrounding the emperor? Senator Piso: Handsome, wealthy, and charming, would he join a conspiracy for the chance to replace Nero? Officers of the Praetorian Guard: Which of the tribunes and Centurions charged with guarding the Emperor would join the conspiracy to murder him? Emperor Nero: Only 24 years old when the story begins. He has been Emperor for nearly eight years. But he was more interested in singing, playing the lyre, and chariot racing than ruling the Empire. How can he hold power and keep his troops loyal? Mr. Eyer has spent nearly five years researching and writing this first novel of his, which will be the start of a series of historical adventures. He designed the cover art himself and personally drew the blood red scorpion. He is working now on the sequel which will cover the last three years of Nero‟s reign. Then the third book will deal with the turbulent events in the year of the Four Emperors. All novels will be published by Mossy Noecy Books.

Editor’s note: I will have a copy of this book to give away later this year

The Re-enactor issue 25 PDF  

Readership 1307 Issue 25, January 2011 Worzel shoot @ Mannigton Hall

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