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Vol. 12, No. 1

March 2011


Budget cuts and lay-offs at Yavapai College Teachers laid off, students suffer and the basketball team fears for its future By Daniel Roca Staff Writer The bleachers at Yavapai College’s Walraven Gym are packed full of fans for tonight’s basketball game. It is both a celebration and a memorial, as there is a chance that tonight, Feb. 25, 2011 might be the last night of the 30-year Roughrider basketball program. Budget cuts, due to lack of state funding, have caused Yavapai College to make drastic changes to programs across the board. In addition to laying off a number of fulltime faculty and staff, other reductions include cutting 50 percent of the Nursing Program, eliminating 75 percent of college scholarships, closing the Camp Verde and Walnut Creek research facilities and finally, cutting men’s and women’s basketball completely. Katie Hoeschler, Media Contact Representative for Yavapai College, explained that

state funding has dropped to only one percent of the school’s budget. The college has lobbied to legislature against the cuts, but recognize there is little chance of reversing the decision. “It is something beyond our control,” Hoeschler remarked. “These are the cuts we have been given and we are trying hard to manage them. We have been very diligent in

“I think some better choices could have been made. But what are you going to do?” maintaining transparency.” However, some have expressed concerns about the strategic plan for the college. For example, all student health services have been eliminated, while salaries for the remaining full-time

faculty and staff have increased. A former employee, who wished to remain anonymous, said, “I’ll never be able to figure it out. I see that all the remaining employees received a 3.6 percent increase in pay -- that certainly feels like salt in the wound.” Yavapai College maintains that the pay increases reflect the additional hours added to each work week in an effort to maximize efficiency. Yet, a public, online document states that employees will increase their workweeks in the spring and fall by three hours and decrease their original workweeks in the summer by three hours. According to this information, the hours total the same amount as previous years meaning the employees are, in fact, receiving an hourly raise. The former employee emphasized her disappointment with the decisions. “I understand that Yavapai College had to take steps to address the $3.4 million Cont. on p. 13

Prescott College writing class shares M e n s t a n d t o g e t h e r its passion with the community Writers in the Community to express their stories and By Åsa Björklund (WIC) workshops in 2002, a emotions, reminding them against domestic violence Staff Writer group of learning-disabled that they have a voice worth

A couple embraces during the Circle of Men rally. Photo by Daniel Roca

By Daniel Roca Staff Writer

The hearts and arms of over a hundred individuals stretched out around the Courthouse Square in Downtown Prescott on a cold February morning, creating an unbroken chain of individuals standing against domestic violence in our communities. Though the demonstration, entitled “A Circle of Men,” was geared towards helping men and boys find support and an inspiration for change within each other, it was obvious from the diversity of people involved that the issue pertains to more than just one gender. “Women, men, children -- we are all affected by this,” shouted Dee Spitler, the event organizer and member of Boys to Men and The ManKind Project, the

two non-profit groups that helped make this demonstration possible. Their missions are to help foster physical and emotional health in men and boys within communities. “We want to take good boys and good men and make them better boys and better men,” he said.

“The way to overcome is to band together.” Individuals stepped forward from the group to share their stories and experiences. Among them were Charlie and Kathy Koon, parents of Jessica Koon who, in 2006, was brutally beaten and murdered Cont. on p. 2

After a three-year break, the Writers in the Community class at Prescott College returns to give Prescott residents a voice through the written word. In this service learning practicum, students facilitate creative writing classes with people in the greater Prescott community who rarely have access to such training. Pairs of students lead workshops for agencies serving a variety of participants, ranging from the disabled, the elderly and juvenile delinquents, to homeless youth and women and those recovering from addiction. “You get to let all your thoughts out of your head and put them on paper,” commented one participant from the Juvenile Detention Center. According to participants’ teachers, after taking the

children raised their scores not only on their writing skills, but also on their self-esteem.

“My students go out and pass that joy of learning on to 75 other people in this community.” Prescott College instructor Melanie Bishop, who has taught the WIC course since 2002, expressed this as her goal. “That’s what I’m interested in -- raising self-esteem.” Most of the participants have been through difficult, often traumatic experiences and writing can be an effective tool in coming to positive resolutions. PC students involved encourage participants

being heard, Bishop explained. In preparation for the workshops, Bishop assigns her students a group to teach for the entire semester. The students then construct lessons and discuss methods for handling potential challenges. After diligent planning, they teach at their respective sites twice a week to facilitate the writing workshops. “I’ve always felt blessed to be in a position that allows me to turn young adults on to the power of written expression,” said Bishop. “Now, through this class, my students go out and pass that joy of learning on to 75 other people in this community. It feels like the very best of education.” The WIC initiative may also have benefits for the Prescott College students Cont. on p. 14






Craig Childs visits Prescott..p.2 Defunding of Planned Parenthood..............................p.3

Climber takes 35-foot fall.....p.5 Can’t recycle? Upcycle!.........p.6 One Root tea shop................p.7

Restaurant Review..................p.8 Upcoming events....................p.8 Horoscopes..............................p.9

Reader submissions..............p.10 Ask Erika...............................p.11 Whiskey Wisdom.................p.11

Slithering on Prescott trails p.12 Writers in the community...p.14 Controversy in sex ed..........p.16

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The Raven Review March 2011

Travel writer speaks at Prescott College By Daniel Roca Staff Writer

In a tightly packed room, eyes and ears tuned into the stories of a jovial and daring storyteller, captivating them with photos, videos and tales of misadventure. Craig Childs, author, traveler and, in his words, “animal and creature,” spoke at Prescott College on the evening of Feb. 16, 2011. A native Arizonan and graduate of Prescott College’s Master of Arts Program, Childs makes his way across the world travelling where few dare to go. The Atacama Desert in Chile, the Nef Glacier in Patagonia and the shores of the Bering Sea are only a few of the destinations highlighted his latest book project in progress, “The Ever-Ending World.” Images of blue ice took over the screen, followed by a roar of laughter and awe as Childs recounted the difficulty of being on the Nef Glacier. “The crew were a bunch of seasoned climbers, and here I was, some old guy who couldn’t stand up on crampons. But this landscape made of ice, it’s mesmerizing. It’s like touching wet marble. Out here, we can see that we haven’t forgotten our natural instincts. That there

is still hope for humanity.” Childs described the research process of his book. “I’m looking for this extreme. Out in a landscape that is brought down to its bare bones... it’s about going where worlds come to an ‘end,’ where you can see the fundamental processes of the earth.” He has written over a dozen books and has been featured in several leading publications. Whether on foot, in a raft, or strapped to crampons, his stories emphasize an appreciation for the constant state of chaos and rebirth within our planet, which compels him to test his limits and share his stories. “This kind of landscape, this kind of power, you gotta get out there and do something.” Despite the prevailing topic of environmental degradation, it was evident Child instilled hope in the room. With his images and stories of living to the extremes of the natural world, he reminded the audience, “You do not have to travel to the Bering Sea or the Atacama Desert. It is happening here. This landscape is alive. Do not give up on this planet yet!” More information about Craig Childs and his books can be found at www.HouseofRain. com.

Charlie and Kathy Koon hold a photo of their deceased daughter, Jessica Koon. Photo by Daniel Roca

Circle of Men Cont. from p.1

Craig Childs shares his stories at the College. Photo by Daniel Roca

“This kind of landscape, this kind of power, you gotta get out there and do something.”

The Raven Review The Raven Review publishes three times a year, in March, April and May. Send address changes and all correspondence to The Raven Review, 220 Grove Ave., Prescott, AZ 86301. The Raven Review is distributed free to members of the area community. 928-920-2262; Editor: Simone Crowe Assitant Editor: Daniel Roca Chief Copy Editor: Libby Sherwood

“No more!”

Design Team Leaders: Morgan Rosenberger and Erika DeLeo

“No more!”

Public Relations: Rebecca Antsis Columnists and staff writers: Rebecca Antsis, Åsa Björklund, Simone Crowe, Erika DeLeo, Amber Faigin, Maria Johnson, Daniel Roca, Morgan Rosenberger and Libby Sherwood Newspaper journalism practicum instructor / Raven advisor: Abby Durden All rights to articles published here are reserved. Write for permission to reprint any articles or illustrations. Submissions of manuscripts, photographs or illustrations are welcome at the address above. Articles and letters may be published by The Raven Review. The opinions expressed here do not necessarily represent those of Prescott College, its faculty, staff or alumni. The Raven Review is not an official publication of Prescott College and is not subject to editorial control by the college.

This Newspaper is a member of

by her boyfriend in Gresham, OR. They voiced their hope for change. “This is the beginning of awareness. It is everybody that is out here today. If you have a feeling that this is going on, listen to your gut. It is probably right.... Our daughter never told us because she felt so much shame as the victim, but they are not the ones at fault.” Ruth Mansbach, who is involved in Big Brothers Big Sisters and the wife of Boys to Men director Richard Mansbach, said, “The way to overcome is to band together. Violence comes in all forms… there needs to be things like this where people say ‘enough.’” The group circled together on the steps of the square. Spitler asked those who have been affected by domestic violence, or who know someone who has been, to raise their arms. The sight evoked a mix of sadness and solidarity as the number of individuals affected showed a clear majority. But taking their moment together, hands raised as a community of united voices against domestic violence, they began to shout:

Environmental Policy The Raven Review supports environmental sustainability. Our printer is a certified member of PACE (Partners for A Clean Environment), uses only environmentally safe production processes, and takes special care in the selection and handling of inks, fountain solutions and solvents. The Raven Review is, of course, 100 percent recyclable.

“No more!” More information about Boys to Men, The ManKind Project, their meeting times and how you can help support them can be found at and

The Raven Review March 2011

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D e f u n d i n g o f Kino Bay Station’s 20th anniversary Planned Parenthood By Maria Johnson Staff Writer

By Amber Faigin Staff Writer On Feb. 18, 2011, the Republican-controlled US House of Representatives voted to block all federal funding from Planned Parenthood Federation of America, by cutting off the budget for Title X, which uses federal funds to help with family planning. The measure, part of a spending bill intended to cut up to $60 billion from the remaining fiscal year, passed 240-185. In order for the bill to go into effect, it must pass through a Democraticcontrolled Senate and be signed by President Obama. The author of the measure, Rep. Mike Pence, had previously introduced legislation that would prevent Title X from providing funds to any organization that also provided abortion services. This latest measure goes a step further. It specifically targets only Planned Parenthood. Anti-abortion activists herald the measure as a step towards preventing abortion on a national scale. Pro-choice activists, however, accuse the measure of being yet another assault in a recent series of attacks on women’s rights, especially as the measure excludes abortions even in the instance of rape. Approximately 30 percent of Planned Parenthood’s budget comes from Title X, with the remaining 70 percent coming through charitable donations and co-pays. Of that budget, less than five percent is used towards abortions or abortion related services, with about 60

percent of their budget going towards other health services, such as pelvic exams, cancer screening, STD testing and prenatal care. Nearly 20 percent of Planned Parenthood’s budget goes towards teaching sex education in public schools and offering information at clinics. There are already laws in place that prevent federal funds from being used towards abortion. However, Rep. Mike Pence, and other members of the Republican party, believe that by defunding the entire organization, they can make progress towards eventually making abortions illegal. One pro-choice protester commented, “They aren’t taking any funding away from abortions, they’re taking it away from us and our healthcare. This isn’t about defending unborn babies, it’s about attacking women.” Such protesters were hopeful that the Senate would strike down the measure. However, at the time this article was written, the Senate was unable to come to an agreement over the spending bill and a stop-gap measure was passed. President Obama signed it into effect on March 2, allowing Congress two weeks to develop a less controversial bill. While the stop-gap measure still cuts $4 billion out of the federal budget, it does not outline any concrete measures for the current budget crisis or Planned Parenthood. To get involved please visit http://www. plannedparenthoodaction. org/ or to donate directly to the clinics go to http://www.

Budget cuts Cont. from p.1

decrease in state funding; they had to make difficult decisions. I understand all that and hold no grudges about it. What is difficult to accept is the 3.6 percent increase in pay for remaining employees, the money for which was made possible by other employees losing their jobs.” The budget cuts also stirred emotions for students at the basketball game on Feb. 25. “A lot of our friends are losing their scholarships,” one student said. “I think some better choices could have been made. But what are you going to do?” Another student replied, “The administration and the government are going to do what they are going to do.” A prospective nursing student, Audrey Hunter, voiced her fears. “It’s incredibly discouraging to know that the competition for the program

just increased by 200 percent. This happened in a time frame that doesn’t allow for a backup plan, because it’s too late to apply to other programs.” Cathy and Steve Rafters, parents of Cody Rafters, who played for the Roughriders basketball team for two years while on scholarship, expressed, “I don’t understand. [In] nursing, for example, there is a waiting list of students. That’s a growing field. How are they cutting that program in half ?” Theirs are just two of the faces at the game to show some support for the Yavapai College community. “I think what is missing here is that there isn’t a cohesive community. And what is sad is, once you cut a program like this, you’ll never see it come back.” The whistle blows. Tip-off. And the final game begins. Across the court a fan holds up a sign that reads, “Play like it’s your last game!”

This May marks the 20th anniversary of Prescott College’s Kino Bay Center. This site, open to all students, has been bustling with ecological and cultural studies for nearly 20 years now. Located in Bahia de Kino, Sonora, Mexico, the field station offers endless opportunities to students, researchers and community members to take part in conservation, education, community outreach, and research on the Sea of Cortez. Lorayne Meltzer, co-director of the field station, says, “The purpose of the anniversary is to celebrate 20 years of the field station built by the contributions of so many people.” Any Prescott College student wishing to experience the magic of this place and hard-working people that brought it together is invited to the anniversary celebration. The surrounding region of Bahia de Kino is alive with incredible ecological and cultural diversity. Envision a place where the dry desert cacti meets the salty sea and all its inhabitants: from whales and dolphins, to invertebrates and birds. The culture is rich as well, with the presence of the local Mexican and Comcaac communities who conduct many research and conservation projects to protect this unique area.

“Coming to celebrate the 20th anniversary will allow students to be a part of the history of the field station.” Ongoing projects at the station include work with local youth through the Enviromental Education Program, focusing on conservation, natural history, and ecology. Bird monitoring in nearby estuaries and islands, plant surveying and marine mammal monitoring through photographic identification are also currently being conducted.

The beach at Kino Bay. Photo by Maria Johnson

The event begins the evening of May 13 and ends May 15, 2011 with field outings, food, music and art projects planned throughout the weekend. There will be an auction and other opportunities to support the field station and their outreach and research. Proceeds will go towards the community outreach program to both the Comcaac and Kino Viejo communities. “May is one of the most

Students observe a Pilot Whale in the Sea of Cortez. Photo by Maria Johnson

beautiful months in Kino,” comments Research and Conservation Program Fellow, Abram Fleishman, who has lived and worked at the station since 2008. “Coming to celebrate the 20th anniversary will allow students to be a part of the history of the field station.” Register by April 1 using the online form at http://www. anniversary.html.

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Reagan Schmissrauter’s piece, “Sage.”

A painter and a poet: a provocative collaboration By Morgan Rosenberger Staff Writer A multi-media collaboration has arrived in Prescott, Ariz. with the painting and poetry of Reagan Schmissrauter and Lauren Antrosiglio. The exhibit, Schmissrauter’s second show in Prescott, is currently on display at the Eye on the Mountain Gallery. The project shows the poems by Antrosiglio which inspired the paintings of Schmissrauter. The paintings feature bright colors and vibrant scenes that represent what Schmissrauter felt from the poems. His use

of halos and auras around most of his subjects gives them an ethereal feel, reminding one of a distant dream with amplified saturation. He uses a mix of high-quality oil paints and metallic paints, which give the colors extra intensity. The project started as an independent study designed by Antrosiglio for her Master’s program at Prescott College. She sought out Schmissrauter for a collaboration, as she already was familiar with the quality of his work. Schmissrauter was planning for a show, but did not have a series prepared yet. After he accepted

her proposal, Antrosiglio supplied Schmissrauter with some old and new poems for him to consider as he designed his paintings. Antrosiglio, Assistant to the Dean at Prescott College, began writing when she was 10 years old. She has been published in three literary journals in the US and internationally. Antrosiglio describes her own work as “soulful, beach-style” poetry that relates to Allen Ginsberg and Charles Bukowski. Seeing her poems in visual form, Antrosiglio said that some pieces turned out differently than how she would have imagined them, while others embodied exactly what she envisioned. Schmissrauter described Antrosiglio’s poetry as “ i n c r e d i b l e wo r k , t r u ly incredible,” appreciating the universal ideas in her work and the authentic human feelings that can “create a shift in consciousness.” Schmissrauter said that Lauren’s poetry has given him a whole new perspective on art. This project has led to a great shift in his development as a painter, and given new meaning and depth to his work. When discussing the use of Antrosiglio’s poetry for inspiration, Schmissrauter said, “I kind of feel like it’s cheating, because all of the imagery and story line has

Cont. on p. 13

Returning to old-school transportation By Erika DeLeo Staff Writer The bicycle: It is a child’s play toy, a twenty-something’s frugal transport and a retiree’s exercise regimen. Though bicycles make for greener cities, they can be dangerous for inexperienced riders, and the risks are made worse by a lack of infrastructure. “The Bicycle: Vehicle for Social Change” is a course at Prescott College aiming to make

“Encouraging a feeling of safety on the roads only reinforces the town motto that ‘Prescott is everyone’s hometown.’” Prescott more accommodating to cycling. How do the people of Prescott view bicycling? Do they want streets safer for bikes? “People should be more considerate of bikers,” said Glenda Juan, answering my questions as she waits for her wash at a laundromat. “It’s an uneducated bicycle community,” said Shayne Taylor, a young performance artist, as he stood on a friend’s porch, taking a puff of his cigarette. “ Bike s h ops sh ould have mandatory training,” Vita Marie Phares, a staff member at Prescott College remarked, “because many people don’t know the rules.” Twenty-two people from Prescott and Prescott Valley were surveyed to find out what their pedaling habits were, what

they thought about bicycling and how these factors correlated. The walker: Prescott College student Ryan Burns, who primarily walks but used to bicycle, would like to see more bike lanes in the streets. The biker: “The unadulterated conservation of momentum” was how bike shop volunteer Spenser Williams describes cycling. He rides regularly, but also drives. “I realize how easy it would be for a biker to slip my vision. I have a lot of respect for drivers who give plenty of room.” The driver: Adam Rowling, a resident of Prescott for more than 20 years, said he has “no problem with law-abiding cyclists, and the majority are.” The walker/biker/driver:

Of the 22 surveyed, half were affiliated with Prescott College, half were not. When asked about their main means of transportation, two said walking, four said biking and 16 said driving. Frequency of bicycling was distributed more or less equally throughout the group from frequent, occasional and non-riders. When questioned about whether the streets need improvement for bicycling, 18 said yes; four said the streets are satisfactory. “Encouraging a feeling of safety on the roads only reinforces the town motto that ‘Prescott is everyone’s hometown,’” said Aaron Wilson, a student. “We’re only as good as

Bicycle rack at Prescott College. Photo by Erika DeLeo “I think it’s overstated how dangerous bicycling is,” said cycling enthusiast and Prescott college faculty Dave Craig, citing that riding in rural areas is more dangerous than in cities. “In urban areas” he said, “people are more alert to what’s in the road, such as parked cars, pedestrians and cyclists.”

our worst cyclist,” said Caleb Wilcox, a bicycling advocate. On achieving safe roads and riders, he predicted: “We’ll get there eventually.”

The Raven Review March 2011

CrossFit invades Prescott to p r o m o t e full-body fitness By Libby Sherwood Staff Writer High intensity training has been proven to increase strength significantly over short periods of time, but not everyone is ready for it. Joey Powell runs his CrossFit gym on the philosophy that anyone can train, and everyone needs to re-learn biomechanics. Powell’s oldest clients are in their 80s, while his youngest is 11. CrossFit is a training Prescott’s CrossFit gym. method that has been used by Photo by Libby Sherwood professional athletes, special military units and soccer live a better life because they moms alike. “I’ve taken people with hip replacements, can run a marathon, but they knee replacements, diabetes, are going to live a better life if stroke survivors, amputees… they can get up and down off I’m not concerned about the the toilet better. In order to high-end athletes. We just don’t do that, you need to learn to have them here,” says Powell. use your hips,” he says. At his CrossFit gyms have been gym, he puts technique and growing rampantly around the consistency before intensity. Noel Sato, 41, was introduced country over the past few years, advocating “constantly varying to the gym by her sister and functional movements done at brother-in-law. “I used to go to a high intensity.” This typically the Y and I never knew what I draws a crowd of 18 to 35-year- was doing. I really like it here. old men who want to bulk It’s more hands-on. It’s more up and “get strong.” Not in structured.” She comes to the Prescott. While you will still find 10 a.m. class three days a week large men lifting heavy weights with her two kids who play in Powell’s gym, his clientele is upstairs with the childcare that 60 percent women and heavily Powell provides. “[Joey and populated by 30 to 60-year-olds. his wife, Andrea] are here and The gym still has some young they’re totally on you, making clients. Jared Medlin, 24, says, sure you’re doing it right. It’s “My wife and I wanted to find really supportive,” says Sato. Powell does not let his clients something that we could do together. Here, I can come for an get away with anything. “You get hour, three days a week. I’ve never instruction and then you have been this fit in my life and I’ve consistency and accountability been doing it for six months.” for what you’re doing,” says The gym attracts families as Medlin. Powell has even been well as individuals, and serves known to call people at home as a community of its own. and discuss why they are not When you walk into the gym recovering the way they should be. Powell charges $120 per before the start of a work-out, you are likely to find people of month, the normal rate for a gym all ages chatting and laughing. of this type. He works with each They might be perched on top person on an individual level and of stacks of weights or standing establishes a relationship with around the white-board his clients. Personal training examining the day’s workout. could cost you $50 to $85 an Powell currently has 90 to hour, and here you can get 12 to 100 clients, with a very small 20 hours of training a month. The gym has been growing turn-over rate. He attributes this to regulating the number steadily for the past couple years of times people train per week. since Powell began running through Freedom “You can train more thoroughly courses in one day, with a more powerful Fitness. Since then, they have stimulus, and because you moved twice and are currently don’t train as often you don’t leasing a property near Willow burn out either emotionally, Lake. Powell has teamed up p h y s i c a l l y o r m e n t a l l y. ” with some other business Varying movements at a owners such as Brazilian Jiuhigh intensity that engage the Jitsu team leader Steve Judson to whole body prove to be more open a new gym in downtown effective than typical isolated Prescott later this year. The new gym will have a movements used in traditional weight training. “Body-weight” climbing wall, a boxing ring, kids’ exercises are frequently used to programs, a Jiu-Jitsu training engage the core and the hips, area, a strong-man training promoting full range of motion. area, childcare services and One client, 46-year-old Russel plenty of other CrossFit trainers. Powell will tell you that he is Derkson claimed, “My strength has doubled since I got here.” the best at what he does, and he And Powell’s CrossFit is not is certainly not the only one who just about building strength. He thinks so. “To me, CrossFit is just likes to harp on functionality of better for the whole system,” says movement and biomechanical Medlin. “The things that we’re correctness. “No one’s going to doing, like increasing quality-of-

The Raven Review March 2011

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Climber takes 35-foot fall; crushed by boulder

By Daniel Roca Staff Writer

Inches from the ground, body dangling, her left leg limp to the side, spasming and contracting in fits against the broken femur, 21-year-old Elise Anderson just fell nearly 35 feet off a climb on Granite Mountain, pummeled by the boulder that was supposed to protect her. The s e few seco nds transformed the lives of Anderson and her two climbing partners, Jeffery Rome, 21, and Chris Shanehoffer, 26. The day had started at 6:30 a.m. The group rallied at the house of Shanehoffer, hoping to arrive at the trailhead of the Granite Mountain Wilderness Area by 7 a.m. “December 12 was a warm day,” Elise recalled. “I was in tights and a sports bra.” They gathered their gear and piled into Shanehoffer’s jeep. By 7:15 a.m., finding the gates closed, Rome knocked on the door of the camp host, yelling, “Give me my wilderness experience!” Be careful what you wish for. They planned to climb routes in all the areas immediately surrounding Prescott: Granite Jungle to Chieu Hoi, Thumb Butte, and Co-Op Crack in the Granite Dells. It would be “The epic last day of the season.” Anderson, having climbed the route before, decided to lead, with Rome belaying her. “I remember starting out the climb and thinking, wow, I feel really good,” Anderson said. Granite Jungle begins as an enjoyable, well-protected crack formed by a thin suspended block. A boulder juts out of the crack about 35 feet from the base before the climb continues up a narrow chimney. The first pitch of the climb ends atop a large belay ledge just over 80 feet from the deck. Anderson climbed the route, placing two pieces of protective gear along the crack before arriving at the boulder. “Sling it! Sling it!” cried the boys, referring to the boulder lodged in the route. Known by locals to be a solid piece of protection, and having stood on it before herself, Anderson slung a piece of webbing around the stone and proceeded to climb. “I didn’t even think twice about it because I had stood on it before and the boys were like ‘Yea!’.... Then the last thing I think I said was ‘Oh, that’s boss!’” But today the boulder was not solid. Anderson’s hands wrapped around the horn, an easy move she had done many times before. This would be her last vision before finding herself dangling at the bottom of the mountain. “I remember what my hands were like… and instead of seeing myself pull up, I just

saw [the boulder] peel back.” And in the confusing events that followed, Anderson and Rome remember only a blur of rock-fall and bodies tumbling. Rome recounted the event. “The first sign that something was wrong [happened when] I was looking down at the slack in the rope. I heard this rumble.… And I don’t think I even recognized that something was going on. I remember seeing something move and seeing [Anderson] coming down.” Rome continued, “Then, I think I tripped and fell to the ground and the rock hit me on the hip.” Struck by the boulder and knocked to the ground, Rome lost control of the rope, allowing it to pass freely through the protective belay plate, while Anderson continued to fall to the ground. Except she did not hit the ground. According to the report submitted to Accidents in North American Mountaineering, the 80-pound block dislodged, hitting Anderson laterally on her upper left leg as she fell. The block then continued, struck a ledge and split in two, before colliding with Rome at the base of the climb. Her body dangled in the air, her loose and broken limb

Struck by the boulder and knocked to the ground, Rome lost control of the rope. against the wall. Anderson recalls seeing Shanehoffer, who declined an interview, “looking up and being like ‘oh my god.’ And I just started screaming.” Though no one is certain exactly how, the boulder that nearly killed Anderson also saved her life. “The only thing we think happened is that the boulder de-sheathed the rope on the way down,” explained Anderson. As she fell, the severed and frayed rope most likely got caught in her last piece of protective gear. “That is what I think stopped me. I think…” Normally, a severed rope while climbing means disaster or death, but because Rome had been knocked off his belay, Anderson should have fallen 35 feet directly onto a knifeblade ledge. Had the boulder not severed the rope attached to Anderson and snagged on the protective gear, her injuries would have been far worse. “The muscles were spasming and contracting. It was moving the lower part of my leg but I had no control over it,” spoke Anderson of her injury. As she screamed in pain, called

for help and yelled “I’m hurt! I’m hurt! I’m hurt,” Rome and Shanehoffer immediately “went into panic mode,” assisting her off the mountain and calling 911. At 9:35 a.m., Rome made the call to 911 emergency. “[The dispatcher] started asking questions and asking what the injury was,” he commented. “This is where I messed up. Chris said, ‘broken

Her body dangled in the air with the loose and broken limb against the wall.

tib/fib -- No -- femur!’ But I just told them broken tib/ fib. Then the phone cut out.” After reconnecting with 911 dispatch, Rome took off to seek help while Shanehoffer tended to Anderson. Remembering the excruciating pain, Anderson said, “I knew that all I could do was breathe and wait. Chris had to hold up my leg with me because when my femur broke, my thigh just wanted to fall down, sag and collapse.” She continued in detail, “In my tights, my leg [was] just ballooning and getting huge and deformed and sideways.” Unknown to the party, friends of Anderson’s were already on the trail to Granite Mountain at the time of the accident. Viren Perumal, a Prescott College instructor and Wilderness Emergency Medical Technician, and his wife Julie were a relief for Anderson to see. “He was the person I trusted more than anyone,” said Anderson. “I knew everything was going to be OK, and I was happy that Julie was there, because Julie had broken her back in a climbing accident and was holding me the whole time close to her body and talking to me. Having her there was really awesome.” Perumal immediately assessed the situation, taking her vitals and noting that Anderson was not exhibiting symptoms of shock. He then exposed the wound and confirmed the mid-shaft femur fracture. By 11:30 a.m., medical attention was present or on its way, and Anderson’s situation slowly became more manageable. However, as Central Yavapai Fire Chief Cougan Carothers arrived, he immediately realized the miscommunication of the injury, having believed that Anderson had sustained a lower-leg, tibia/ fibula injury instead of an upperthigh femur fracture. It would not be until 1 p.m. before any equipment for a femur fracture and emergency personnel from Yavapai County Sheriff’s

Emergency Medical crews heli-evac Anderson from Granite Mountain. Photo by Dwight Devlyn

Office-Backcountry Unit would reach Anderson via helicopter. By 2 p.m., a helicopter arrived to airlift Anderson out of the scene and transfer her to an air ambulance for Flagstaff Medical Center. “The hardest part was when she was airlifted out,” recalled Rome. As the helicopter approached, the group needed to find shelter from potential falling rocks and debris. Crouching in the

“I was crying and crying and wondering why the mountain wanted to hurt me.” distance, Rome watched the helicopter airlift Anderson from the scene. “When it started to take off, Chris and I were both bawling. It was going back and forth between crying and laughing because we had snot all over our faces. It was a big emotional release.... She was gone and we weren’t going to see her for a while.” Two months after the accident, Anderson and Rome sat together in a cafe going over, in heavy detail, the events of Dec. 12. And though the discussion is casual, honest and often humorous, there

were some heavy words, deep breaths and watery eyes. “We hadn’t had a discussion like this. Not an in-depth one,” commented Rome. Anderson’s near-fatal accident was an emotional event for more than just the climbers present that day. Family and friends all flooded her hospital room at Flagstaff Medical Center. “Being in the hospital was really hard, but I was surrounded by people 24/7,” said Anderson. “So I felt supported by everyone.” The third night in the hospital was the hardest for Anderson. Due to some miscommunication, she was left alone for the night. “It was three days after the accident and I was just trying to find meaning behind it. I was crying and crying and wondering why the mountain wanted to hurt me. Then my friend told me over the phone, and this was really helpful, ‘that within every extreme lies the seed of its opposite.’ And that started the real journey for me.” When asked about what he went through, Rome shared,“I have doubts as to whether I let go of the rope before the rock hit me or as the rock hit me... I thought the reason [Anderson] was on the ground was because I dropped [her].... I’m not a very emotional person, but that was Cont. on p. 12

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The Raven Review March 2011

Students explore farms and Friluftsliv in Norway

Howland and Vanderpool’s upcycled glasses. Photo by Erika Deleo

Can’t recycle? Upcycle! By Erika DeLeo Staff Writer Problem: Since August 2010, the city of Prescott no longer recycles glass. Solution: Two Prescott College students are going grass-roots, or should I say, “glassroots.” West Howland and Rachel Vanderpool started “Glassroots Upcycling” as an independent study last fall after learning the city of Prescott had suspended the glass recycling program. Internet research on home recycling led them to start cutting their own glass waste and re-purposing it into usable ware. The project has taken off since then.

American Vikings in Norway. Photo by Doug Hulmes

By Libby Sherwood Staff Writer An overseas opportunity for Prescott College environmental students might get them called “American Vikings” by local Norwegians. This September, for the fifth time, Prescott College Professor Doug Hulmes will teach a course called Exploration of Norway: Nature and Culture. The course focuses on the interrelation between landscape and culture, and the unique history of mythology, folklore, traditions and ecology. For this course, students travel to cultural sights on the west coast of Norway, studying Norwegian philosophies of Deep Ecology and Frilufsliv, which means “open air life,” a theme of Norwegian culture. Students visit different traditional Norwegian farms and schools that work diligently to promote sustainability and environmental awareness. The first week of the course, students live on a small island called Litle Faerøy, at the mouth of the Sognefjord, the second largest fjord in the world. On this island, “buffeted by storms that come off the North Sea,” described Hulmes, they study the traditional ways of living and surviving in such a harsh environment. Next, they travel half-way up the Fjord to Sogn Folk High School, where they stay with previous Prescott College exchange students and meet some of the Friluftsliv students who are taking what we call a “gap year.” They continue on to Aurland, at the head of Sognefjord, and visit a farm that has existed for over 1000 years and contains over 26 Viking graves. The district is

site that was designated by the United Nations to protect cultural integrity and farmlands of the region. Hulmes has established a rapport over the last decade with local students and teachers. His course assists with their harvest, and visits the town elementary school, in which each grade has a thematic garden, contributing produce to a dinner held by the school at the end of each year.

“Looking at nature purely as a commodity, and not realizing that we have to live within ecological limits, is going to take us down.” The PC students then study the history of Norway while visiting Bømlo Island, where Hulmes taught at a Folk High School in the early ’90s. The island is the location of the oldest Christian church, established by a Norwegian Viking king in 995 C.E. At Telemark University, one of their final destinations, students learn about Deep Ecology from an expert in the field. For students who wish to study Friluftsliv, eco-tourism or environmental studies, they can participate in the exchange program between Prescott and Telemark, where Hulmes was a guest professor from 1996 to 1997. Hulmes’ vision with this program is much bigger than international traveling. Although learning about and

visiting the spectacular coastal Fjords of Norway might satisfy most students, he adopts the traditional definitions of the Friluftsliv and Deep Ecology movements while inspiring that passion within his students. He advocates these movements as essential. “Looking at nature purely as a commodity, and not realizing that we have to live within ecological limits, is going to take us down,” he said. “What we need is a deep ecological understanding to inform our decision-making and base our decisions on what is sustainable ecologically, rather than what we’re doing in Western civilization.” Hulmes has become widely connected with various people in his field over the years. He has given lectures for Scandinavian/ American associations and published a paper in the book “Nature First,” called, “From Tomte Wisdom to Friluftsliv: Scandinavian Perspectives on Nature.” This course will run for the fifth time this September. Previously, Hulmes has taken one other course overseas, Explorations of Norway from Sea to Glacier. For a month, students sailed a Viking ship replica up the coast of Norway and skied across the Fogelfonn Icecap. Due to the attentiongrabbing nature of the ship, they caught a lot of interest from the locals, and became known as the “American Vikings in Norway.” Since then, Hulmes has followed through with his desires to make the course more academically based. Through his work, he has created wonderful opportunities for both the region and Deep Ecology and Friluftsliv.

“If the city were to put us out of a job by bringing [glass] recycling back, I’d be stoked.”

Upcycling is different from downcycling and recycling, in which glass is either crushed for fill or is melted for reforming, respectively. Instead, Howland and Vanderpool simply cut off the necks and shoulders of glass containers, transforming wine, liquor, juice and other large bottles into bowls, cups, and other glassware. Most popular are bottles with baked-on labels, such as Rogue beer. “They go quickest,” said Vanderpool. While they are not currently accepting most glass from the general public, they will accept bottles with baked-on labels, because they sell faster than average bottles. “We are not a recycling center,” Vanderpool wants to clarify. Despite the enthusiasm from the community, Glassroots Upcycling is at risk. “It’s all

up in the air right now” said Vanderpool. They do not know if they will be able to continue it after this semester, due to financial and locational setbacks. Glassware sales do not reap much profit, but “it feels really good to be doing it,” Vanderpool commented. “We’ll see if we can make enough money to continue.” Having access to a kiln would make their project even more sustainable, allowing them to smooth the glass rims without sandpaper. Their innovative glasses can be found around the community. A trial-run of pintsized glasses is being used at the Raven Café in downtown Prescott. The couple sells items at Prescott College community lunch in the Crossroads Center at 12:30 p.m. on Wednesdays. Soup cups start at $2. They are hoping that, an online marketplace for handmade goods, will be their main outlet. The pair is working hard to compensate for a large community without proper glass recycling. You too can do something to help reduce glass waste. Try buying beer in cans instead of bottles. Also, glass jars with resealable lids can be reused for carrying drinks and food on the go, or for storing food. New Frontiers allows customers to fill glass jars with bulk foods, eliminating the need for plastic bags. Just make sure you have a cashier weigh it beforehand. Vanderpool and Howland encourage these methods as well, even if it means that they will not be receiving your recycled glass. “If the city were to put us out of a job by bringing recycling back, I’d be stoked,” stated Howland. For more information and to stay informed, find “Glassroots Upcycling” on Facebook.

Rachel Vanderpool and West Howland sand the rims of fresh cut glass. Photo by Erika DeLeo

The Raven Review March 2011

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O n e R o o t : n o t y o u r Seafood consumption average tea and herb shop m a y d e p l e t e o u r By Libby Sherwood Staff Writer The scent of sweet tea, herbs, citrus and even a hint of chocolate tickle the nose when you step into One Root Tea and Herbothecary. Owner and founder Margaret Mendoza coined the term “Herbothecary” to describe her union of Herbology and an Apothecary, into a small store with big ideas about promoting health in daily life. “Every time I walk in this place I feel good,” said frequent customer Iona Singleton. One Root is not just a store, however. It also incorporates a buy-in club, an online Chinese herbal medicine shop, a seminar location, an artisan vendor, a high-end tea shop and a pharmacy. “I zoom in on what I do best,” said Mendoza. “I bend with the times, and learn a lot by listening to my customers.” Since 1992, Mendoza has been working hard to provide local goods and quality products. It started as a buy-in club where people could purchase all-natural farm fresh foods straight from the source. Still flourishing, the club currently services about 75 families and individuals. The club costs $25 to join and $15 to renew annually. “[Modern] allopathic medicine should be the last choice when you’re looking at your health,” said Mendoza, pulling out a small book whose pages have been taped and stacked carefully into its deteriorating spine. “I think that when you understand an herb or medicine and why you’re taking it, it’s so much wiser and your body responds better.” If a customer comes in

precious resource

By Maria Johnson Staff Writer

Margaret displays her local and worldly products. Photo by Libby Sherwood

with an ailment, Mendoza will usually direct them to Chinese Medicine first. Mendoza also carries more potent treatments that require prescriptions, such as cancer remedies. She hand-picks a selection of supplements that she describes as “amazing performers,” including those that help with clarity and mental focus, as well as stress. “The herbal world really has its specifics,” she explained. However, Mendoza appreciates the healing power of all herbs, no matter the need. “But you know what? There’s something that a European herbalist said that really sticks with me. She said, ‘If you don’t know what to do and you only have one herb available, it will help you.’ I just love that.” Mendoza pointed out that the products in her store are mainly specialty items that cannot be found in a catalogue. That is part of the reason that Mendoza’s most expensive tea runs a mere $119 a pound. Thankfully, she will sell it to

you by the ounce. “I’ve learned not to be afraid of the higher-end teas,” she said. “And a little goes a long way because you can get several steeps out of one tablespoon.”

“I think that when you understand an herb or medicine and why you’re taking it, it’s so much wiser and your body responds better.”

Concerns about the ocean’s health have surfaced in recent years, highlighting how much we rely on the ocean for food and livelihoods, and raising questions about the regulation of this valuable resource. Any consumer of seafood wields great influence over the demand for harvest of a particular species. Helpful tools can help us make smart decisions. The greatest impact on the worlds’ oceans is fishing, a practice thousands of years old that founded the relationship between humans and the sea. The US is the country labeled as the second largest consumer of seafood; individual consumers have major control over what is fished and what is left to flourish. Seven-year employee at Prescott’s Fry’s Food Store, Nick Larson, comments how very few customers ask about the sustainability of what they are purchasing. “They sometimes ask about where it’s from or if it was farm-raised or wild-

caught, but that’s about it.” To put the power in consumer’s hands, multiple organizations have produced ways to easily inform seafood eaters about their choices. Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Seafood Watch Program provides tools such as pocket-sized guides, iPhone apps, and sustainable seafood recipes to point towards informed choices at sushi restaurants and grocery stores. These resources not only offer information about what choices are good for the ocean, but what will benefit the consumer’s health as well. In the pocket-sized seafood guide, the best choices, good alternatives, and seafood to avoid are clearly listed. Their website, Seafood Watch, has an intricate guide to the best substitutes for numerous species, and information on why certain fisheries are unsustainable. it:

To access these resources vis- cr/seafoodwatch.aspx

Mendoza personally knows her customers, as well as the providers of her products. In order to support local agriculture, Mendoza gets many of her products locally and encourages others to do the same. “You’re not just supporting local business but you’re also getting a better product,” she said. She uses her farm-fresh Cont. on p. 12

Father-son art gallery show more than meets the eye By Morgan Rosenberger and Libby Sherwood Staff Writers Since Feb. 11, a new art display has graced the Sam Hill Gallery in downtown Prescott. The exhibit, Lineage, features paintings by father and son James G. Davis and Turner G. Davis, both well-known Arizonan artists. As you enter the gallery, you are greeted by an unexpected pair. The first painting, a canvas splashed with bright red, features a unicorn on a carousel pole. The adjacent painting shows a carousel pole, too, with a shark. Whether you continue to the left, to examine James’ work, or the right, to explore that of Turner, you will find a delightful spectrum of bright colors on tall canvases -- some of the largest pieces the gallery has ever exhibited. James G. Davis began

drawing when he was young, as therapy for an injury, and he has not stopped since. His work shows traits of Abstract Expressionism, a popular movement in the 1940s. He deviates from the style, however, with non-traditional brush

“On one end I use color imagery, the other monochromatic. I slide all along this spectrum of possibility. strokes and the incorporation of self-portraits and elements of collage. Many of his pieces contain a strong storyline. Isolation, a reocurring theme, often evokes an emotional response. While Turner’s work is

sometimes mistaken for his father’s, he describes it as conveying a different kind of emotion. “I see humanity with existentialist eyes,” he said. In his paintings, bright and often shocking colors immediately catch the eye of the viewer. In his prints, however, Turner uses charcoals often mixed with acrylic, creating haunting images with deep shadows and faces peering through the darkness. “On one end I use color imagery, the other monochromatic. I slide all along this spectrum of possibility. I use whatever I need to make a picture work,” he said. Children’s images also appear in Turner’s work. One piece in particular, “The Black Fire,” “has this perverse, My Little Pony thing going on,” described Turner, who explained that such everyday objects allude to more complex ideas. A patron views James G. Davis’ work, on display at Sam Hill Gallery until Mar 19. Cont. on p. 13 Photo by Morgan Rosenberger

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The Raven Review March 2011

New Radiohead album may be more than meets the ear By Amber Staff Writer

The Old West is alive and well at The Palace. Photo by Morgan Rosenberger

An old gem continues to please hungry patrons By Morgan Rosenberger and Amber Faigin Staff Writers

The Palace Saloon on Whiskey Row in Prescott has been in business since 1877, and it has always been considered more than just a bar. In the Palace, mineral claims were bought and sold, area employers posted wantads, and several elections were held. The Palace is the oldest frontier saloon in Arizona, and one of the most well-known and historic saloons in the US. In 1900, The Palace burnt down during the Whiskey Row fire. Patrons carried The Palace’s entire circa-1880’s “Brunswick Bar,” complete with all the alcohol inside, across the street, a safe distance from the fire, and they continued to drink as Whiskey Row burnt to the ground. This original bar is still in use today.

The Palace has a great atmosphere. One walks through swinging saloon doors into a grand, historically renovated space, dotted with historic photographs and old artifacts. The servers, wearing 19th-century attire, are exceptionally polite and attentive. The Palace’s atmosphere is only matched by the quality of its food. The Sagebrush salad features an excellent blend of savory and sweet, with candied walnuts offering a surprise f lavo r. Th e Mo ntezu ma Chicken Pasta has flavors of red and green peppers and o n i o n , accentuating its light a n d smokey Tequila Cream sauce, which seasons the chicken just right. Cooked to order, the prime rib, made with an excellent horseradish sauce, is delicately flavored and satisfying. Though the prices are a little high for everyday dining, The Palace Saloon is a great choice for a date or special occasion.

U p c o m i n g Lineage: James G. & Turner G. Davis Painting Exhibition Father and son, both prominent Arizona painters. The show is up until March 19. Prescott College Art Gallery, 232 N. Granite St. Prescott College Equine Adventure Club Saturday Activities Join for a day of horse activities at Chauncey Ranch. Saturdays, 10-5 p.m. For more details see the Prescott College Equine Adventure Club Facebook page. Kris Mayes to Focus On Water and Energy Nexus at CWAG Talk Kris Mayes, Prescott native, will discuss “Sustainability in Arizona,” with a focus on understanding the water-energy nexus when she speaks to the Citizens Water Advocacy Group (CWAG) on Saturday, March 12, 10-noon at the Granite Peak Unitarian Universalist Congregation, 882 Sunset St., Prescott. For more information about the meeting, call (928) 445-4218 or visit www.cwagAZ. org. Go! Off-Road Duathlon This off road duathlon has a 1.5 mile trail run, a 8.2 mile mountain bike and finishes with a 2.2 mile trail run. Saturday,

March 12, at Pioneer Park/ Brownlow Trails, Prescott. For more information: http://www. DeVotchKa Concert Sunday, March 15, 8 p.m. at the Marquee Theater, in Tempe, Ariz. The gypsy, indie rock quartet, based out of Denver, Col. will be featuring music from their new album, “100 Lovers.” Slow Food Prescott Meeting Slow Food is starting up in Prescott. Open to old or new members who want to take part in “supporting good, clean and fair food.” Meetings begin with a Local Foods Potluck, so prepare and share a dish containing at least one local ingredient and come hungry! Monday, March 14, 5 p.m. Contact Café to be added to the email list to receive dates, times and locations of meetings, or find Slow Food Prescott on Facebook. The Severed Kingdom - an Original Folk Opera On Friday, March 18 at 7 p.m. and Saturday, March 19, with matinees at 2:30 p.m. both Saturday, March 19 and Sunday, March 20, at the Granite Performing Arts Center located


“The King of Limbs,” Radiohead’s eighth studio album, was released Feb. 18 to mixed reviews. At eight tracks long and just over 34 minutes, the work is significantly shorter than any previous Radiohead album, but still packs the punch of a full-length album. Overall, “The King of Limbs” has a less rich sound than its predecessor, with more digital influences. The previous album, “In Rainbows,” fills every available space with sound; heavy use of polyrhythm, echoes and digital fuzz tie the whole work together. “The King of Limbs,” by contrast, sounds sparse at first listen. The low hum that haunted listeners throughout “In Rainbows” is gone, having been replaced by simple, electronic beats, which leaves the album initially feeling hollow and unimpressive. The opening track, “Bloom,” begins with a repetitive piano piece and slowly fills out with digital influences, never quite maturing into anything more than a collection of sounds. Fans, reluctant to lose faith in the band, have admitted to needing more time to let the album grow on them. Praise is slow in coming. But give the album time, and a second listen. It is not the sort of work that jumps out at audiences. “The King of Limbs” is an album that hangs

in the back of your mind and gradually creeps through your consciousness, growing more familiar with time. Unlike “In Rainbows,” which immediately throws listeners into a concise narrative that evokes emotions, “The King of Limbs” draws more from overarching themes and the experiences of its

Radiohead’s “The King of Limbs” fills listeners with secret sounds and emotions that have to be uncovered over time and explored.” target audience; it seems to say, in a roundabout way, what so many people are thinking. Songs such as “Separator,” the conclusion of the work, beautifully express a sense of detachment and isolation in the modern world, with hints of a familiar guitar hidden under drum-machine beats. Thom Yorke’s haunting voice reinforces the structures of the songs and supplies a much-needed melody to otherwise sparse tracks, as well as defines the underlying emotion of the work. “King of Limbs” came early and suddenly, one day ahead of its scheduled release, and just four days after the band’s

s p r i n g

at 218 N. Granite Street, Prescott. For information and to purchase tickets please contact Ember Larson at (928) 642-2341 or email burningstickproductions2011@ Prescott College Arts and Letters Faculty Showcase Reception, performances and readings by all Arts & Letters faculty, March 24 – April 2. Artists reception: March 26, 5-7 p.m. Prescott College Art Gallery, 232 N. Granite St. Sharlot Hall Museum April Foolishness An evening of costume, food, microbrews and wine. Create an imaginative costume or come as you are. Friday, April 1, 2011 at 5 p.m. Call (928) 445-3122 for details. Pathways to Teaching The event offers activities and information on teacher education programs at local colleges, as well as inside information useful to future teachers of preschool, early childhood, and kindergarten through high school levels, as well as special education. Hosted by Prescott College, Yavapai College and NAU. Wednesday, April 6, 4:30 to 7 p.m. at Yavapai College,

original announcement. This type of surprise, as well as the addition of special features and hidden messages, is not unusual for Radiohead. In 2007, their album “In Rainbows,” was released just ten days after its announcement and is one half of a conspiracy theory that involves its twin album “OK Computer,” released in 1997. The two albums, if played together, reveal a secret concept album that follows a more definitive narrative. Fans wonder if “The King of Limbs” is going to reveal itself to be filled with similar conspiracies, which could help validate its less-than-warm reception. Radiohead’s “The King of Limbs” fills listeners with secret sounds and emotions that have to be uncovered over time and explored. The complexity of the album leaves much to be discovered each time it is played. The album is available on their website as a DRM-free, digital download. In addition to the digital download, a special, “Newspaper” edition is available for pre-order that includes a digital download, two clear vinyls, a collection of large pieces of artwork, 625 smaller pieces of art, a compact disc and a full color piece of oxo-degradable plastic to hold it all together. The “Newspaper” edition ships June 1. The album can be ordered at w w w. t h e k i n g o f l i m b s . c o m .

e v e n t s

Building #19, Community Room. 1100 E. Sheldon Street, Prescott. For information contact Jennifer Rhodes at (928) 776-2118 or Jennifer.Rhodes@ Juried Student Exhibition April 8-23. Artist talk with juror Nicole Ponzler, April 8, 5 p.m. with reception 6-8 p.m. Prescott College Art Gallery, 232 N. Granite St. The Syringa Tree The Artist’s Path Presents “The Syringa Tree” by Pamela Gein. Obie Award Best Play 2001. “A tender remembrance of a South African childhood that witnessed both beauty and brutality.” Fridays, April 8 and 15 at 7 p.m. and Saturday, April 9 at 2 p.m. Box Office: (928) 777-1367. Tickets Online at Visit for more information, or call Gail at (928) 771-2554. SEVEN by Multiple AwardWinning Women Playwrights The remarkable, true story of seven women who overcome insurmountable odds to achieve justice and freedom in their home countries. Granite Performing Arts Center, 218 N. Granite St., Prescott. Saturdays, April 9 and 16 at 7 p.m, Sunday, April 10 at 2 p.m. Tickets

Online at www.TheArtistsPath. org, buy at door, or call Gail (928) 771-2554. New Play Readings The Artist’s Path and Prescott College present new plays from Arizona playwrights written in response to conflict and social crisis. On Tuesday through Thursday, April 12, 13, 14, listen to new play readings and evaluate the plays as we select the Best Full Length, Best Short and Best Secondary Student play. 7 p.m. at Granite Performing Arts Center, 218 N. Granite St. Just for Grownups International Film Series “Bad Day to Go Fishing,” filmed in Uruguay (shown in Spanish with English subtitles). An oddball duo, formerly “the strongest man on earth,” and his crafty manager, make good money staging bogus wrestling matches in small South American towns. Enjoy awardwinning international films each month. Prescott Public Library. April 13 at 6:30-8 p.m. Contact the library for more information: (928) 777-1526. Contact: by March 27 to submit events between April 7-April 28.

The Raven Review March 2011




By Morgan Rosenberger and Rebecca Antsis Staff Writers Many people erroneously associate the word “zodiac” solely with their Sun sign. Those of us in Western cultures may not be aware that Sun signs indicate only where the sun was positioned during our birth. To shine a little light on the subject, there are more than 40 zodiac signs. For example, we also have Moon signs, Ascendants, Venuses and a whole other wacky coterie of planets affecting our personality make-ups. You may even exhibit more traits associated with your Moon sign than your Sun sign. Hence, any astrologer worth their salt will tell you that solely going by your Sun sign will yield an incomplete tableau of who you are. Try to imagine the Sun/ Moon/Ascendant triumvirate as an elementary breakdown -- what astrologists call your “astrological handshake.” Sun sign: Ego, structure of the self, motivations, identity, personality core. Moon sign: Emotional life, reactions, learned habits. Rising sign/Ascendant: Selfimage, ways in which others perceive you, your “style.” That said, most of us consider our Sun sign (what we commonly refer to simply as our “sign”) to be most key to our personalities. So let us take a look at who we are. PISCES (Feb. 19 - March 20): Les artistes of the Zodiac. Highly sensitive, intuitive (at times, prone to states of confusion), Pisceans swim in the oceans of the divine mystic. More than any other children in the Zodiac, those whose Sun is in Pisces are never far from their Muses. Naturally endowed with a rich emotional life, Pisceans tend to feel their way through the world. Downside: Pisces often feel misunderstood, can easily be hurt and sometimes let their emotions take over. ARIES (March 21 - April 19): Like the Ram, those born under Aries are naturally energetic, strong and bold. The here and now is where you live. Always the first to dive into things and a natural trail blazer, the courageous spirit of an Aries attracts many. A pronounced athleticism is common. At times, Aries are unable to comprehend why others lag behind or make things unnecessarily complicated. Spunk could be your middle name. Downside: Patience is not your virtue. TAURUS (April 20 - May 20): Externally, Bulls are social, but underneath, they have a cool, calm and collected manner. While generally popular, they prefer to discreetly distance themselves from the crowd. Adherents to the “work hard, play hard” ethic, they have the enviable ability to structure their time efficiently. Sometimes Taureans are perceived as



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stubborn for their tendency to fiercely stick to their decisions and opinions. No open book, Taureans keep their private lives private. When one is in the presence of a Taurus, you cannot deny feeling a sense of constancy, steadfastness and reliability. Downside: Bulls can push people away with their stubbornness.

GEMINI (May 21 - June 20): A sense of duality, sometimes even two personalities, is present within Gemini. Because they are ruled by Mercury, messenger to the Gods, communication is their strongest suit. From chitchatting and gossiping, to ironic wit and clever commentary, the gift of gab makes them the beloved Voltaires at any shindig. They are the most adept of social butterflies. But this effervescence is by no means the sum of their personalities. Geminis can have a potent dark side, as they might use their keen intelligence to manipulate. That, in combination with a flexible personality, can make Geminis feel scattered. Or worse, careen them into a path of duplicitous behaviors. CANCER (June 21 - July 22): Cancers are often considered enigmas and tend to be a bundle of contradictions. Very compassionate and considerate (especially to family, friends and lovers), Cancers will return any favor tenfold. Love and romance are very important to this sign; their changeable natures make them very alluring. Cancers can also sometimes be a bit eccentric, with a “Mad Hatter” sense of humor and a slight disgust for the superficial. They often care greatly about how others view them. Downside: Cancers can be very insecure. LEO (July 23 - Aug. 22): Leos, lions, roar! The irrefutable monarchs of the animal kingdom. Naturally regal, they are confident, determined, and at times stubborn. Leos do not need the spotlight; they simply command it. They are for the majority optimistic in their worldview and feel a personal responsibility to ascribe to a lofty moral code. But make no mistake about it, earthbound Leos love the good life and luxuriating in sensual pleasures. Life should be lived to the fullest. Downsides: Exaggerated self-importance. Laziness or indulgence. VIRGO (Aug. 23 - Sept. 22): Virgos, when confident, can be the most successful and creative of all the signs. They are shy, creative and sensitive, and their understanding makes them a great friend. Virgos have great faith in others, no matter how many times they are let down. Downside: Virgos can be too trusting and have natures that make them want things just so. LIBRA (Sept. 23 - Oct. 22): Libras, ruled by the scales, are the natural sustainers of balance throughout the land. They




seek harmony and enjoy when it pervades all aspects of their lives. Almost always opting for the “middle path,” they are comparative thinkers and are generally opposed to viewing the world in sharp dualities. Libras find confrontations disagreeable and unnecessary. Downside: Indecision; appearance of duplicity by becoming known as people-pleasers. SCORPIO (Oct. 23 - Nov.21): Scorpios are often considered the “oldest souls” of the zodiac and are considered wise beyond their years, even from a young age. They are often very secretive and considered mysterious by others. Intense, unafraid of conflict, powerful Scorpios have the uncanny ability to delve into the darker essences of existence and emerge relatively unscathed. Many Scorpions also find they must choose between love and power in their lives. Downside: Scorpios often let their power take over their lives. SAGITTARIUS (Nov... 23 - Dec. 21): Sensual yet wise, Sags are a unique blend of the duality of savage/civilized, animal/human, as influenced by their symbol the centaur/archer. A dual nature sign (like Gemini), Sagittariuses firmly have their feet on the earth while exhibiting an idealism and optimism that looks outwards towards the cosmos. They dislike routine and have a love for adventure. Their ability to talk to anyone make Sags fun to be around. Known for their personal charisma and buoyant energy, they are often desired as a partner. However, their need for independence makes them hard to catch. Downsides: Passionate nature can lead to overindulgence or a tendency toward extreme habits. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 - Jan. 19): Capricorns are patient and persevering, and often accomplish their goals because of this. They are hard workers, but have a great sense of humor. They also tend to be cautious when entering relationships, preferring longterm commitments over short flings. Capricorns must learn to balance work and play, and not become too involved with their work. Downside: Capricorns can be workaholics, to the point of letting their personal life fall by the wayside. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20 - Feb. 18): Water, the essence of life, is a gift. And gifts are what Aquarians like to bestow upon of the world via their pronounced altruism. Wherever there are do-gooders and banners proclaiming “progress,” you can bet there is a high concentration of Aquarians at work. Highly iconoclastic, spiritually-minded and quirky, Aquarians often shock others when they reveal their strong, stubborn nature as tolerant and free-thinking. Downside: Aquarians’ fervent idealism can get them lost in the construction of castles in the sky.

Triple-layer Red Velvet cake with cream cheese frosting. Photo by Rebecca Antsis

Tr i p l e - l a y e r R e d Ve l v e t c a k e with cream cheese frosting By Amber Faigin Staff Writer

Cake ingredients: 2 ½ cups flour 1 ½ cups sugar 1 teaspoon baking soda 1 teaspoon salt 2 teaspoons cocoa powder 1 ½ cups vegetable oil 1 cup buttermilk 2 eggs 1 teaspoon vinegar 2 teaspoons vanilla extract 2 tablespoons red food coloring Frosting ingredients: 1 pound cream cheese 4 cups granulated sugar 2 sticks unsalted butter 1 teaspoon vanilla extract 1 teaspoon honey Equipment: Three 9 ½-inch cake pans Directions: Preheat the oven to 350 degrees. Combine your dry ingredients in a bowl and sift until evenly mixed. In a second bowl, whisk together your wet ingredients. Using an electric mixer, gradually add the dry ingredients into the wet, until even and smooth.

Lightly oil and flour the cake pans then divide the batter equally between them and put on the middle rack. Test with a toothpick after 25 minutes. Once the toothpick comes out clean, place the pans on a cooling rack and set aside for five minutes before removing the cake from the pans. Continue to allow the cakes to cool for at least 20 minutes or until cool to the touch on the bottom. For the frosting: Let the cream cheese and butter sit out on the counter while you make the cake, so that they are soft enough to mix easily. In an electric mixer, beat together your ingredients on a low setting until smooth. Scrape down the sides of the bowl with a spatula to make sure it is mixed evenly. The frosting can be stored in the fridge until the cake is cool enough to frost. Makes enough to frost one triple-layer cake. For ease of spreading, dip your spatula in a cup of hot water periodically to keep it warm and make the frosting smoother. Enjoy!

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By Rebecca Antsis Columnist


“Fear is the parent of cruelty.” --James Anthony Froude, “Short Studies on Great Subjects” Politicians love to use fear. “Code red,” “terror alert,” “national security threat”-sound familiar? They use these scare tactics for re-election and to pass their agendas. “Protect democracy” translates to “Elect me! We’ll go to war to ensure headaches never reach your doorstep.” “Protect Social Security” translates into “Elect me! I guarantee you will get that Uncle Sam check.” Make ’em afraid, and any Tom, Dick or Sally will buy your ham baloney. Now, the point of this column is not to demonize those who deploy such tactics of mental manipulation. Some of them are so good at disseminating the nonsense, they believe it themselves. Nor is it to say institutions such as Democracy or Social Security are perfectly hunky-dory. Its goal, rather, is to remind you of the options your big beautiful brain affords and that you have the power to decide for your damn selves! So, what are these overlooked capabilities we are said to possess within our very own noggins? What makes fear-mongers of the world shake in their newly-shined zapatos? Well, first, let us back up a moment and examine this phenomena we call “fear.” Fear is one of the most basic of human emotions. Fight or

Our talent for critical thinking and rational thought is rather inconvenient for agenda pushers. flight, right? Fear is so old, in fact, that we share the emotion with salamanders, beavers and whales. Which is why, when fear is evoked, it strikes such a powerful chord. It goes deep.

-Opinionhink you’re being brainwashed? Highly likely!

It appeals to the oldest, most primitive survival-oriented portion of our brain: the reptilian brain. According to the “Triune Brain” model, developed in 1970 by Dr. Paul MacLean, Chief of Brain Evolution and Behavior at the National Institutes of Health, the reptilian complex or reptilian brain is the smallest, most ancient of the three that we possess. That is correct: Three brains equals options. The 500 million-yearold reptilian brain regulates breathing, body temperature, movement, coordination and balance. It houses the synapses responsible for instinctual human behaviors, such as aggression, territoriality, ritual and -- you guessed it -- fear. The fight or flight mechanism, present in all creatures, also exists within our innermost cranial hard-wiring. The part of the brain that makes you gobble a quart of Ben & Jerry’s strawberry shortcake (a personal favorite) also houses the most rudimentary form of fear animals may experience (salamanders who have a debilitating sweet tooth, however, are yet to be discovered). Down the evolutionary chain came the mammalian/limbic brain and with it, abilities such as memory storage and increased emotional complexity. Mammals across the board, from Lassie to Free Willy (we are still not entirely sure about your friend Joe) all can get the blues because they possess a limbic system. Our brains started becoming more sapien with the arrival of our newest brain: the neocortex. Largest and most trendy of them all, the neocortex affords us capabilities unique to our species, such as (but not limited to) language ability, abstract thought and (drum roll, please) our rational, critical faculties. Best of all, this neocortex can override tendencies in the reptilian and mammalian brains with synaptic practice. Our talent for critical thinking and rational thought is rather inconvenient for agenda pushers. Consider the parable of Pam.

Saturday in Las Vegas and Pam has lost her luggage. Pam is sad and decides she needs a lemonade -- one from the fountain would be ideal. She spies a cafe. Plopping down at a

The part of the brain that makes you gobble a quart of Ben & Jerry’s strawberry shortcake also houses the most rudimentary form of fear animals may experience. table-for-two, she is conscious of being alone. Mutely, she contemplates her plight. A mammoth television set snatches up her attention. In a game of football, a handsome male actor is playfully tackling a female model with hairless underarms and a very large bosom. The model runs, then waves her hands (femininely, mind you) up and down in triumphant touchdown fashion. She is afraid of nothing. The handsome actor’s eyes flash with thinly-veiled animal desire. Pam is unaware when a deodorant logo floats onto the screen, and does not know where her luggage went; certainly she’s not thinking about her life’s purpose. But what Pam does know is that she NEEDS deodorant NOW. Pam downs her lemonade, chucks some loose change on the table and does a sprint for the nearest drugstore. Now this type of fearinvoking text goes straight for the jugular by activating reactions based in your reptilian brain. It bypasses your rational faculties all together, aiming to disable your free-will to rationally evaluate any piece of information that comes your way. Whether it is a deodorant commercial or a politician’s rally-to-war speech, fearbased, fear-inducing tactics, render you irrational, either by invoking strong emotional response and/or your largely involuntary Cont. on p. 12

The Raven Review March 2011

Poetry from our readers Change Gonna Come By Avery Young From a hose to a spigot to a drip in the faucet. From locked doors to locked cars to locked guns in the closet. From revolution to secession to the Afghanistan conflict. From treaties signed just like an empty promise To a stock market crash and thousands left jobless. From spoken word to written word to sentences bound by page. From silence to radio to TV that rots our brains. From a spark to a fire to ovens that turn on. From spitballs to torpedoes to atomic bombs. From Karl Marx to Chairman Mao and then to Vietnam. From amputation without anesthesia To facelifts and botox for no apparent reason. From the fight for survival to exerting just a fraction. From slavery to civil rights to affirmative action. From dinosaurs to Indians to Wildlife Preserves To spoiled little rich kids getting more than they deserve. From a stream to a well to filtered water bottles. From skipping class and jacking off to working at McDonalds. From business majors into million dollar pockets. From just one sip to real alcoholics. From trudging to Fordsmobiles to man on the moon. From how things are today to how they will be soon. This Way, This Wash By Sam Sneller Whatever the wash, whatever the wear Happening requires a long obedience Seizing ideas can get lonely real quick Keep whittling away and let the children play Lose your way and get loose with your life Improve as a peddler of improvisation What is good is a little misguided Look for life in death’s valley Misspent when you’re left with nickels instead of pennies Forgive the fallen, reprieve the lost The fire du jour Crises of the week seem meaningless at midnight When passion and blue notes blur agendas Broke down on battered streets Damnations of the flesh, temptations of the soul Count your blessings, count your toes Everything that goes through the wash comes out a bit unraveled and faded But also cleaner smelling Feel your world shrink to fit Beyond the melodic line Beyond the cost of war Beyond the forests of azure Dispatches from the soul Whatever you drop makes a spot Be careful, it doesn’t wash out It may fade by means of sand or sun But the memory remains to stain past yesterday’s refrain Do Not Eat the Raven By Laura Renee As the age of the flesh, began. The Raven, scratched upon my brothers grave. A stick, a tool, a pen. The Raven scratched upon my brothers grave. “Nature has no need of money; and God has no need of religion” The coyote appeared; and the day, again---Started at eventide. Submit your poetry, drawings, photographs or thoughts to The Raven Review by March 27. Email

The Raven Review March 2011

Store Hours: 10:00 - 6:00 WednesdaySunday


Dear Erika,

Advice from Erika DeLeo: Frank and unfiltered

231 North Cortez Street, Suite A

here at last!! Prescott’s First and Only Home Beer and Wine Making Supplies Store! Convenient Downtown Prescott Location! We have an extensive array of brewing equipment, ingredients, and supplies to meet your brewing needs!

Whiskey Wisdom

Dear Erika, I’ve never smoked -anything. All of my friends here smoke one thing or another and say that I should try it. They always seem to enjoy themselves and say there’s no negative effects on health. I sometimes don’t go to get-togethers because I know there will be smoking. I don’t know if I should try it or stick to what I’ve always believed. Any advice? --Pressured in Prescott Dear PIP, People use drugs for one of two reasons: 1. Curiosity, 2. Dissatisfaction with their own reality. The fact that you resisted this long means you are extraordinarily mature and level-headed, so keep it up! If your friends say there are no negative effects on health, they probably just don’t remember how they felt before they started using, or they were never okay to begin with. Maybe find different friends, but whatever you do, stick to your guns. You’re doing great. Dear Erika, I got a sh*t load of school work, like 60 pages to read for each class, each week, plus one class is requiring field work. I’m just kinda freaking out about handling it and keeping somewhat of a social life, to keep my sanity. --Overloaded Dear Overloaded, You and every other college student! The most important thing is to keep your priorities straight. You wouldn’t be here unless you wanted to learn, so it sounds like you need to put off socializing until you’re caught up, even if that means temporarily losing your sanity.

Patrons gather at the bar in The Palace, found on Whiskey Row. Photo by Morgan Rosenberger

By Rebecca Antsis Columnist It is one of those bitter Prescott winter evenings. Outside on Whiskey Row, the wind slaps around restored Victorians before it takes a nose dive into your bones. Your skin gets it next. The overall sensation is one of undeniable animation, in a brutal manner, albeit not altogether unpleasant. You draw your jacket tighter and contemplate shelter. In this small town, you know a door is always close by. Inside the bar, the atmosphere is full of anticipation for the ritual freedoms a Friday night brings. Eyes glint with that Friday night fever, some already satiated with the glee

of forgetfulness. Everyone is looking for a someone or something to help them shrug the chains that both feed and bind them. The music and crowd is familiar. Smoking on the terrace, I find my Bartender Philosopher. Interviewee chose to remain anonymous. Let us call said person, “Barback X.” REBECCA ANTSIS: One thing. I just want to know... what is your philosophy on life? Barback X: Oh no. Real quick. (I try my best to smile reassuringly. Judging by the man’s initial reticence and his earlier rejections, my sense solidifies that journalists are not the most welcome characters in town.) It’s changed so many times... Sure. (With a chuckle, responds

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rapidly,) I would go back to the ’80s any day. But at the end of the ’80s, I quit the ’80s... because I was going to die because it was so much fun. And I mean I wasn’t hurting anybody, except maybe myself -- I’ll deny all this stuff in court (chuckle). No, but, then I had a family... so my life... so then, so here’s my philosophy. This is it. I want to hear it. When I was young, it was “one.” That was my philosophy. Me. Everything was about me, doing me... Then I got a little older and I found out, you know, it’s not one, it’s two. We have two eyes, we have two arms, there’s man and woman.There’s -- oh my god -- life isn’t about one, it’s about two! Then another ten years go by and I realize that it wasn’t about two, it’s actually

Worrying about whether you can handle it is procrastinating, and that takes up time, too, so just dive right in. Before you know it, you’ll have spare time to seek out a social life. Besides, the bar isn’t going anywhere.

Dear Erika, I’m getting to know this girl. But, I’ve been thinking lately, they say you can’t love someone until you love yourself. Do you think that’s true? If it is, then I should focus on myself before pursuing anything. But, if I do that, then I might miss an opportunity to date a really sweet girl. What should I do? She seems really cool and I think that I could start to like her as more than a friend, but we all know what happens when you start to crush on someone and they don’t feel the same: Things get awkward. I know that the reasonable thing to do would be to wait and see how things go. --Lost or Found Dear Lost, “Reasonable thing?” Come on. In relationships, reason goes to the wayside. Focusing on yourself won’t make you love yourself; probably the opposite. I think you can love someone without loving yourself, but someone will have an awful hard time loving you if you don’t love yourself first. Getting your hopes up about this girl could be disastrous for you. You’ve got two options: 1. Take the plunge and tell her you like her, or 2. Play it cool and see what happens. Once, after crushing on a guy for two years, I finally told him. He didn’t feel the same, but he was nice about it. If I had told him sooner, I wouldn’t have wasted time wondering how he felt about me.

about three. Because your two eyes see, your two arms lift, a man and a woman make a baby. I haven’t got to four yet (he

I got a little older and I found out, you know, it’s not one, it’s two. We have two eyes, we have two arms, there’s man and woman. looks pensive). But for 15 years, it has been a solid three. Does that make any sense? It really sounds stupid I know, but... No, it makes perfect sense. And especially at the

Dear Erika, I’ve always been a disappointment to my father; he wanted me to be the son he never had. I was supposed to enjoy fixing cars and building houses before joining the army. I played softball (because I wasn’t allowed to play baseball) and tried countless other ways to please him. I never dressed too girly and always listened to his advice but, when it came down to it, I was still a girl. I didn’t like shop class and I was better at art than mechanics. I know that I’ve disappointed him. It seems like he likes me less since I started doing what I want to do. How can I get him to see my value? --Daddy’s Little Girl Dear Daddy’s Little Girl, Unfortunately for you, parents-to-be aren’t required to pass a humility test before being awarded children. Sadly, it might be that he likes you less since you started doing what you want, but his disappointment is his own problem. Sometimes you just have to exit the scene, you know? You’re in college now, you survived adolescence -- congratulations -- and you, more than anyone, will have to live the results of your decisions. “Be yourself, everyone else is taken,” Oscar Wilde said. Maybe your Dad will never see the value in art, but until then, do what’s best for you. Maybe someday he’ll grow up and give you some respect for holding your ground. Need advice? Send your situations, problems, issues and dilemmas to edeleo@ before Friday, March 25 and look for answers in the next issue, out early April. Submissions are subject to editing.

bar, watching people. I love watching people. Like uh... two girls tonight sat down and they were hit on by every single guy in the place. And it’s funny watching them because they’re in “one.” Both them girls are in “one” right now. Which is cool. I was at “one.” And “two” will come someday when they won’t want to be hit on... and it will be “two.” And their life will be so important, about somebody else. And then “three” will be right there. I don’t understand families of ten. Where did you get lost? You know, birth control, buddy. Birth control! Yeah, but that’s cool, as long as they’re legitimate (chuckle again). So what’s your philosophy on life? Oh, umm...

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The Raven Review March 2011

What you might discover slithering along a Prescott trail event that your skin comes in contact with fangs. Rattlesnakes can be recognized by their triangle-shaped heads, slit-like pupils and, of course, the rattles at the end of their tails. In Yavapai County, there are seven species of rattlesnake, all of which are dangerously venomous and should never be disturbed. They can be easily confused with the harmless Gopher Snake, a large species that looks very similar to a rattlesnake, but has a slender head, round pupils, and no rattle. The Arizona Coral Snake is a brightly-colored, venomous species, and can be recognized by the red, yellow and black bands that encircle its body (the red bands always touch the yellow). Snake expert Gary Sleater explains that, although this species has very toxic venom, it is very reluctant to bite. “There have been no recorded human fatalities

from the bite of the Arizona Coral Snake,” he said. A nonvenomous look-alike is the Sonoran Mountain Kingsnake, but it has white bands bordered by black bands. Non-venomous Garter Snakes are commonly encountered near creeks in Arizona. Another species you can breathe a sigh of relief around is the blue-yellow Sonoran Whipsnake, an elegant creature often found in canyons and tree canopies. The rattlesnake and coral snake are the primary species to look out for in Yavapai County. If you are bitten by any snake, remain calm, keep the bite below your heart and seek medical attention as soon as possible. The old saying is true: snakes are just as scared of you as you are of them. Look out for them, as you enjoy a hike around Prescott, and keep your distance. They are just as eager to keep their distance from you.

One Root


Cont. from p. 7

Cont. from p. 10

eggs, running $4.75 per dozen, as an example. “You may be able to find $2 eggs at a grocery store on sale, but if you compared them to these you would see such a difference in freshness, vibrancy, color and taste.” “Where you buy is political,” she continued. “What are you saying when you buy your eggs from Walmart? People aren’t willing to spend $5 on a dozen eggs, yet they’ll spend $5 on a latte from Starbucks without blinking an eye.” Mendoza admitted that her steady learning process about foods, herbs and remedies keeps her “constantly interested,” even though she has been in the business for nearly two decades. Mendoza welcomes new and curious customers. “Come in and ask a question. Take

ancient fight or flight response system. Do you honestly think those using this rhetoric have your safety and best interests at heart? Consider Pam’s parable changed to something like this. Pam is sipping her lemonade, feeling rather down and out. A deodorant commercial comes on, and Pam reaches inside her mental toolbox to switch on her critical mind capabilities. She recognizes the actor as an image she is meant to buy into as being an ideal mate. Warily, she proceeds to give her attention to the rest of the commercial. A female model with what looks to be a painfully-enhanced set of breasts is running. OK, Pam says. Somebody is trying to sell me a dream. She scans the cafe for a dose of reality. Nobody looks like anybody in the television set. Her attention returns to the task at hand of finding her luggage and enjoying her lemonade. Pam feels good that she has just escaped someone’s attempt to mentally manipulate her, realizing she was all the more vulnerable, being in an emotional state. Phewww, that was close. Here are some messages both overt and covert to watch out for in all their various guises in the personal and political realms: - You are alone. - You will die alone. - You are fat, ugly, uncool, hairy, smelly and stupid. - You are inadequate. - Once you purchase X, all your problems will melt away like ice cream in Nevada.

- Life sucks. Escape with X. - You are not capable. - The world is dangerous. - We can protect you. - Resources are scarce. - People are innately evil. - Trust no one. - Us versus Them. - Danger is imminent. - Your loved ones are in danger. - You need us. You get the picture. When mental manipulation successfully invokes fear, your survivalist animal brain switches on, making you more apt to act from unconscious drives. Whether this means spending your hard-earned cash, or committing or endorsing violence, these rhetorical tactics are integral to corporate and war machine agendas. Time and time again, statistical studies expose that the so-called dangerous reality portrayed by mainstream media and politicos is often an illusion -- a sheep in wolf’s clothes. Advertising has become increasingly adept at psychological suggestion and manipulation, but so have our powers at recognizing them for what they are. And the good news is -- and there is always good news -- if you are reading this in an unbrain-dead fashion, you are at this very moment flexing those same critical muscles you need in order to distinguish real information from any manipulative bullocks someone tries to spin at you. So, relax a little. Even with all the nonsense and relative turmoil going on in the world, we live in one of the most safe and peaceful eras in human history. Fix yourself some lemonade and stick a little pink umbrella in it.

Western Diamondbacks are a common snake found in Arizona. Photo by Kerby Ross

By Maria Johnson Staff Writer After the winter snow melts away and the weather begins to warm, the urge to get out on the trails strikes many hikers

around Prescott. Naturalists, photographers, runners and explorers alike are bound to come across this startling sight at one time or another: a snake slithering across the trail. If you come face-to-face

with one of these tricky desert dwellers, back away slowly. You do not want to seem a threat. Knowing what species you are dealing with can help ease your mind (or not); it can also help with treatment, in the unlikely

responsibility for your health.”

Various goods fill the shelves at One Root. Photo by Libby Sherwood

Climber falls

It’s OK. I’m going to live. Cool. Detaching from it completely, it was a really strange process.” Shortly after the accident, Anderson went on to sign up for a climbing trip to Peru, explaining, “I had [decided] to sell my life and soul and everything I have to this passion.” After more contemplation, she withdrew from the program. “What if I had placed that number two [protection] a foot below where I placed it? Or, what if it didn’t de-sheath the rope at all and I just took a 30-foot ground fall? I was contemplating risk and reward and how I could have died that day.... And I didn’t!” Anderson remarked. Now in a boot, learning

Cont. from p. 5 emotional for me.... I’m just hoping for more people to be more solid on anchors and doing what they can do to be safe.” Anderson now has a hollow titanium rod inside of her femur. The side of her hip was sliced open to allow for the rod, two bolts and two screws. She also has a screw through her talus to support two breaks in her ankle. “When it happened, I remember looking down at my leg... and thinking to myself, OK, I’m going to lose my leg.

to walk again with physical therapy, Anderson is adamant about continuing to climb. She has plans to return to Indian Creek, Utah this summer after her boot comes off. “That’s where it all started and I feel I should go back to the beginning.” Despite her ambitions to return to the mountain, Anderson is still driven about discovering what other opportunities life has in store for her. “I am deciding that I want climbing to be a part of my life and not my life. Let’s see what plans life has for me because it basically crushed them with a boulder. I’m done making plans. It is a surrender to a greater force than myself.”

The Raven Review March 2011

Art and poetry Cont. from p. 4 already been created for me.... It’s the perfect thing to have when an artist is experiencing


block in creativity.” Schmissrauter has been making art his whole life, and said, “My parents raised me right.” He then quoted Pablo Picasso: “Every child is an artist; the

Reagam Schmissrauter’s painting “Rave.”

Father-son Cont. from p. 7 Turner often depicts the Twin Towers, too, though he claims such images are not politically driven. Rather, he uses their shapes for their emotional implications -for the “couple” that they represent. Sometimes the towers are shown falling, or

cracked or whole. During the show’s opening reception, the two artists described how certain events in both their lives turned them towards art. Turner began drawing as a way to channel his “teenage angst.” His father James first learned to read and draw after a serious accident left him hospitalized for a year. Later, he rekindled the creative spirit, starting afresh after

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-Localproblem is how to remain an artist once we grow up.” Schmissrauter spoke about his own work and how classical training, his main area of study, was not for him. Although i n s p i r e d by traditional Renaissance, Iconic Christian and Tibetan Buddist artworks because of their use of halos and auras, Schmissrauter also trusts his own observation of life when painting. “I feel like I have finally dropped the judgments, rigid rules and conformity that plague Western art,” he said. Schmissrauter initially rebelled against that style by painting bright blue and orange lines around his stilllife pieces. During his studies, though, he toned down his rebellion, out of respect for his teachers. Nonetheless, he continues to see 20-foothigh fields of color, auras, and halos around people and trees. “There is so much more than what the eye can see, and that’s what I’m trying to paint. I think I’m getting closer with this body of work,” he said in reference to the exhibit. The Space Between Words: A Collision of Art & Poetry, on display at The Eye on the Mountain Gallery, 117 N. McCormick St., is open Wed-Sun, from 11-5 p.m. The exhibit will also be featured for 4th Friday Artwalk, on March 25, from 6-9 p.m. an arrest for bar fighting. “In a way, art sort of saved him twice,” Turner said of his father. Turner described recognizing a genetic disposition for art in his own children, saying that he hopes they may enjoy art, like he and his father. Ultimately, he wishes to inspire passion in others. “Whatever flows from my hand,” he expressed, “hopefully comes from a love

A portrait of Lauren Antrosiglio by Schmissrauter. of my craft and of humanity.” James G. and Turner G. Davis’ paintings will be on display at the Sam Hill Gallery until March 19. Other upcoming gallery shows include the Arts and Letters Faculty Showcase (March 24-April 2), a Juried Student Exhibition (April 8-23), the Arts and Letters Senior Showcase (April 27-May 7) and Common Threads (May 26-June 15).

• Free wi-fi for customers 9:30 to close • Freshly roasted coffee by the pound • Fair trade, organic and Bird Friendly options • Natural hot & iced teas • Freshly baked goods with Spelt alternatives. • Roasters coffee also at the Raven and Crossroads cafes

318 W. Gurley St. 928-717-0190

Turner Davis gives a speech at the exhibit opening on Feb. 18. Photo by Morgan Rosenberger

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PC writing class Cont. from p. 1 taking the course. Besides getting a valuable teaching experience, Bishop said students are forced to identify what they love about writing and reading and “how they can go about sharing that passion with somebody else.” In addition, they often find it rewarding to serve the community and get to know people they would not meet in other circumstances. “It’s also a goal to have Prescott the college mingle with Prescott the town,” said Bishop. “Most of these populations I would not have the opportunity to intersect with, nor would my students.” Bishop remembered watching her students facilitate a workshop at the Veterans Hospital in 2002, and realized that in the 12 years she had lived in Prescott, she had never set foot inside the building. Bishop recalled how the “pacifist-leaning students” did not expect to have much in common with the war veterans. By the end of the semester, they had made friendships with the veterans that extended far past the WIC experience. “Because we don’t know these people, we may initially feel frightened,” Bishop said, referring to the groups that WIC work with. “But you meet them and they’re just people. You join around the love of language and literature and you get to introduce them to that.” At the end of the semester,


many participants want to continue receiving the writing classes. “Almost everywhere we have worked they have begged us to come back and they have asked ‘can this be ongoing?’” said Bishop. To the disappointment of many students and community members, the WIC course is only offered every three years. Bishop envisions an ambitious student running the program year-round as a non-profit organization, covering expenses for participants, including childcare, transportation, food and writing supplies. It could then be ongoing and open to all students with training, so that everyone could volunteer as facilitators. The writing classes involve more of the community than just PC and the participants. Various businesses, such as New Frontiers, Albertsons, Safeway, Target and Wal-Mart have shown their support by donating food, supplies and services. Whether it is businesses, college students or volunteers, their hope for this program is to develop a more interactive, supportive and healthy community. “I wanted to provide my students with the experience of leaving a mark on somebody’s life. And I wanted to bring my students into the community, and myself too,“ said Bishop. “Students end up feeling they’ve received much more than they’ve given.”

The Raven Review March 2011

New equine club gives students a chance to work with horses

Students enjoy a ride at Chauncey Ranch. Photo by Eleni Dines

By Åsa Björklund Staff writer

Prescott College students who like horses or are simply curious about the “western ranch experience” have the chance to join the new Equine Adventure Club. Every Saturday this semester, there will be a range of fun activities at Chauncey Ranch, near Mayer, Ariz. During the club’s Open House on Feb. 19, more than a dozen people ignored the intense rain and got to know each other, as well as the horses. Whether to ride Western or English, on trails or in the ring, or to discover the emotional benefits of connecting with horses, students are invited to experience everything the club has to offer. “People of all abilities are welcome,” said Eleni Dines, co-founder of the club. “We want them to bring their ideas, different perspectives and experiences.”

The Equine Adventure Club plans to charge participants $10 a day, though this depends on a pending financial grant from Prescott College. When compared to the cost of average local stables, $35 an hour, many might find the drive to Chauncey Ranch worthwhile. Saturday activities include trail rides, roping and barrel racing, dressage, jumping, round-pen exercises, grooming and herd management. You can also just come to hang out. Despite the rain during the open house event, the Chauncey Ranch surroundings were still beautiful. A rising creek ran behind the grassy fields where some of the horses played around happily in the mud. The 5000 acres of Bureau of Land Management property, adjacent to the ranch, boast miles of scenic trails for the horses and their riders. But horses are not just for riding. “I don’t want students to view these animals as a ‘thing’ they can ride on, much like an ATV,”

said the club’s co-founder, Nikki Adams. “I would like to expose people to the relational benefits of partnering and playing with horses.” Hannah Macon, one of the participants, personally understands the positive sides of connecting with horses. Back home in New England, Macon helped her horse recover from a trauma. Through the unique human-animal interaction, many people have found that connecting with horses can foster positive emotional expression and healing. “She was an excellent mirror to what was going on in my life,” she said. “If I’d had a bad

“I don’t want students to view these animals as a ‘ting’ they can ride on, much like an ATV” day, it just didn’t work. She immediately picked up on my feelings.” Giving the members this type of insight into animal and human behavior is a goal for Adams. “I want to head this club up because I love people and I love horses and I love, love, love what they can do for each other. It’s really quite amazing.” If you are interested in joining The Equine Adventure Club, please contact Eleni Dines:

tudent writers share their passion with the community

By Erika DeLeo Staff Writer

Fourteen students will become teachers this semester in the experiential writing class, Writers in the Community (WIC), which occurs only once every three years. Two students each visit eight local facilities housing under-served populations. Communities served include a senior living center, a homeless shelter, three mental and behavioral health facilities for youth, a women’s shelter, a men’s rehabilitation center and a support group for disabled adults. At these centers, students facilitate writing classes for participants. During the first two weeks of the class, the students develop lesson plans and practice them on each other. Three Prescott College WIC students -- Colleen Fitzgerald, Laura Hitt and Ty Kipling -- talked to The Raven Review about their hopes, fears and ambitions: THE RAVEN REVIEW: Why

did you decide to take WIC? Fitzgerald: I’m an education student, and I want to teach English, so this is an ideal class. I’m excited to get more practical experience. Hitt: I’m taking this class because I believe it is a oneof-a-kind opportunity that exemplifies why I came to Prescott College. Other undergraduate programs don’t offer this kind of experience. I am passionate about the importance of storytelling, how stories are vital for a culture, and I want to help people find their voices. Kipling: I love to write, but I find that writing is a somewhat isolating and selfish activity. I

“I am passionate about the importance of storytelling, how stories are vital for a culture.”

write in solitude, and I write my stories for myself, out of personal necessity, rather than for any sort of ‘greater good.’ I wanted to find a way to bring together my passion for writing with my desire to be a more active and service-oriented member of the community, and WIC seemed like the perfect solution. How do you feel about working with sheltered populations, including emotionally disturbed men, women, adolescents and those who have experienced trauma? Fitzgerald: I’m working with some elderly folks, so I’m not sure how different that will be from working in the Juvenile Detention, for example, but I think it will present different challenges. Hitt: I will be working with homeless women and adults with disabilities, and I am thrilled and honored and nervous about it. I want to instill in these people the idea that their stories matter. Your instructor Melanie Bishop

asks, “What it is about writing or reading that you treasure? And how can you go about sharing that with someone else?” Any ideas about how you will teach and connect with the students to help them unleash their creativity? Fitzgerald: I really want them to just write. Once you write enough, you’ll eventually get an idea and want to write more about it. Hitt: I am going to try and connect with my classes by communicating how much I love writing and reading, and to provide a diverse range of writing exercises and reading materials. You never know what will speak to and inspire someone. Kipling: I think one of the great benefits of taking a course on creative writing is that it pushes you to unleash your inner creativity, no matter how reluctant, fearful or ambivalent you are about your ideas and abilities. So while my cofacilitator and I fully intend to introduce elements of craft and

to share masterful, inspiring readings in the classroom, our main focus will be to awaken, encourage, and further the improvement of the writers in our classroom so that they can produce work in which they take pride. What is your biggest fear for this class? Your greatest hope? Fitzgerald: I’m nervous my participants won’t trust me or won’t want to follow directions. I really hope I get to hear some amazing stories. That’s why I wanted to work with the folks at Good Samaritan; I love hearing stories from a long time ago and finding out what people experienced in their lives. Kipling: My biggest fear is that I will fail to serve the class participants through an inability to inspire or properly instruct. I hope for the participants to produce a piece of work of which they are proud, and to discover their own love of writing. Look in upcoming issues for follow-up on how Colleen, Laura, Ty and the other WIC

The Raven Review March 2011

Page 15

-LocalAnimals: latest victims of the economic crisis By Åsa Björklund Staff writer

The economic crisis has caused even animals to suffer. Shelters overflow with pets and cattle whose owners cannot afford to keep them. When people lose their jobs and homes, some get so desperate that they abandon their horses in the desert or leave their beloved pets at animal shelters. But these non-profit organizations are struggling to cope with the increased demand. One of those shelters is Circle L Ranch, a private nonprofit foundation, where Cheryl Caldararo, Ranch Manager, cares for 122 goats, 65 horses, 24 sheep, 14 hens, 11 cows, five geese and two roosters. In the house next door, her colleagues take care of a number of dogs. Unless they find people willing to adopt some animals, there is no room for newcomers. Getting into the property is not easy. As soon as the gates open, the crowd of goats rushes to harass the nearest person for whatever might be in their pockets. If they find nothing, the goats are content eating his or her pants. Following Caldararo around the pen, these goats depend on her to survive. A normal workday for Caldararo means getting up at 3:45 a.m. By 5 a.m. she is out taking care of the horses. She cleans the stalls, the goat and sheep pens, fills all water buckets, feeds the animals, lets them out and then cleans and feeds again. Her day finishes some 12 hours later -- if no animal is sick, that is. In that case, she might have to spend the night in the barn. Of course, it can happen on a day off, which means she must abandon her plans and return to the ranch.

then want nothing to do with it once it is too old. “The horse gave you its best years, now it’s your turn to take care of the horse,” she wants to tell them. Ed Boks, Director of the Yavapai Humane Society (YHS), explains that abandoning an animal is illegal. Somebody who brings a pet to a shelter, on the other hand, is “relinquishing” it, which is legal. The latter has increased about 20 percent in the last couple of years, he estimates. The YHS accepts only dogs and cats. He wishes that people would first try to find a new home for their pets among friends, family, neighbors or by advertising in the newspaper, and use the YHS as a last resort.

“Some people load up their horses and release them in the desert. There they will either starve to death or get eaten by predators.” At Circle L Ranch abandoned animals get a second chance. Photo by Åsa Björklund

“When you come home you know you did something good. And the animals seem to know,” she says. Caldararo finds the best thing to be “the satisfaction of knowing that I have helped the animals from being in a bad or possibly fatal situation.” Caldararo works incessantly, knowing that someone must care for the creatures, as more and more people are abandoning their pets and farm animals. She credits this to the economic crisis. The ranch constantly gets phone calls from people who have lost their jobs and properties and can no longer take care of their pets or cattle.

“Some people load up their horses and release them in the desert,” she says. “There they will either starve to death or get eaten by predators.” Many horse owners turn to auctions, but for the old or injured animals this can be a nightmare. As Caldararo explains, “The ‘kill buyers’ buy horses at auctions and send them off to Mexico, where they’re slaughtered for the meat... It’s not even humane -- it’s just brutal how they kill them.” Caldararo wants people to be aware of the responsibility of taking in an animal. She sees many people who owned a horse for more than 12 years,

Coming from California, where people prepare for natural disasters, Boks urges people to also prepare for financial disasters. While people may think about losing their jobs or their homes, Boks explains that people can never imagine losing their pets, until it is too later. “Have a plan in place. When problems come you should have plenty of time to think about finding a good, safe, loving home for your pet,” he says. The Yavapai Humane Society and Circle L Ranch both rely heavily on donations to fund their efforts. Since the economic crisis began, donations to Circle L Ranch have decreased by 90 percent.

Many people who cannot take care of their horses turn to Circle L Ranch. Photo by Åsa Björklund

What can you do to help out? -Make donations. Money and supplies are greatly appreciated. -Adopt an animal – but think it through beforehand. Can you offer the animal a permanent, safe home? -Volunteer at an animal shelter, such as the Yavapai Humane Society or Circle L Ranch. Any number of hours you can put in makes a difference. Contacts: -Circle L Ranch: Cheryl “Frosty” Caldararo, (928) 925-1926,, -Yavapai Humane Society: (928) 445-2666, If you see a case of animal cruelty or abandonment in Prescott, contact Animal Control at (928) 445 3131, animal. advertise with The Raven To Review, please contact Rebecca Antsis at

Participant recovers and returns to school with the help of Writers in the Community By Libby Sherwood Staff Writer After seven years in and out of rehab, Matt Cochran is back on track. Through a workshop offered by Writers in the Community at Prescott House, the rehab facility where he was in treatment at the time, Cochran was introduced to Prescott College and to creative writing. He said the course provided him an outlet to explore his “creative side.” In addition, it gave him a more intellectual perspective on writing, and the inspiration to apply the skills he learned at the workshop to his everyday life. “My life was a complete mess,” said Cochran. “I

couldn’t stop gambling, hold a job, or take care of myself.” Cochran described the schedule at his live-in rehab as “intense;” in fact, he was in the minority of those who manage to make it through the multi-month program. “On a typical day I would wake up at 5:30, go to a meeting and do chores -- all before breakfast.” When the Prescott College class, Writers in the Community, began teaching a creative writing workshop at the center, Cochran leapt at the opportunity to change his monotonous schedule. “In the very first class I was reunited with an old hobby,” he said. “I had not read for leisure in ten years.” “Reading and writing gave

“It was the first time I had fun doing something with a group of people that didn’t involve alcohol, drugs, or gambling.” me an opportunity to escape my surroundings and my emotional distress.” He described getting to know his peers better through the program; his favorite part were the warm-up exercises in which “the class was laughing and having a good time.” Cochran explained that the

experience gave him a chance to interact with the community outside of rehab. “Participating in Writers in the Community helped my sobriety because it was the first time I had fun doing something with a group of people that didn’t involve alcohol, drugs or gambling.” After graduating from the rehab program, Cochran considered going back to school. He wanted to boost his self-confidence and broaden his job opportunities. “I’m sick of working a dead-end, low-income job,” he said. Clean and sober now for three years, Cochran is enjoying his first year at Prescott College. Before earning his degree, he hopes to experience Writers in the Community from the other

side, as a student-teacher. He hopes to influence and inspire other recovering addicts, as his instructors did for him.

Dear Reader, Please send your thoughts on life, issues in the community or issues with us, to be published in the next paper. Send letters to All submissions are subject to editing. Thank you, Simone Crowe -Editor

Page 16


The Raven Review March 2011

Scenic destinations By Libby Sherwood Staff Writer Red Rocks, Nevada Activity: Climbing, hiking, cycling Driving time: 5 hours Most people do not think of beautiful mountains when they think of Las Vegas, but for some, the mountains at Red Rocks are Vegas’ most redeeming quality. Red Rocks, outside of western Las Vegas, has a unique blend of gorgeous red and white striped Aztec Sandstone. Even tourists who only see these gorgeous features from the distance of their cars respond with amazement. The area includes 10 major canyons and thousand-foot vertical rock-faces that rise up out of the desert floor. The National Conservation area is a heyday for climbers, hikers, cyclers, adventurers and tourists alike. The climbing itself suits a wide variety of palates. Whether your forte is short, pumpy sport routes or multi-day big-wall adventures, you will get your fix. On the long traditional routes, you cannot avoid gazing back at the remarkably unique mountain

foreground, juxtaposed against the urban backdrop. Bring lots of slings and your sense of adventure. Those with difficulty trailfinding take note: It is not unheard of to use cacti for repelling in emergencies; leave plenty of extra time and daylight to avoid this. Ouray, Colorado Activity: Ice climbing, skiing, hiking Driving time: 8 hours An ice climber’s mecca. Sandwiched between the jarring peaks of the San Juan Mountain Range in southwestern Colorado lies the small town of Ouray. People have been guiding expeditions through these mountains since the 1700s when the Ute Nomads made Ouray their summer home. It blossomed in the late 19th century as a mining town and currently relies on tourism as its main source of revenue. Since the mid 1990s, the town has been “farming ice” in the canyon on the south side of town to create aesthetic ice-columns and daggers to challenge even the most advanced climbers. Within walking distance from town,

the canyon provides an excellent training ground for newbies and seasoned climbers alike. Less than 30 minutes from popular backcountry skiing and an hour from Telluride, the nationallyrenowned ski resort Ouray may be considered an ideal winter location. Jacks Canyon, Arizona Activity: Sport-climbing Driving time: 3 hours This hidden limestone gem provides one of the most condensed areas of sport-climbing routes in Arizona. Literally in the middle of nowhere, you could easily miss this canyon while walking nearby. Just to get to the primitive camping area, which is near the rim, you have to drive 10 minutes on a dirt road that can be easily missed from the highway. Fear not, it is worth it. Once there, all the climbing has fairly short approaches, with quality climbs of all different grades. Founded in the late 1990s, the area receives a wide range of national and even some international traffic. The latest edition of the

Climbing at Red Rocks. Photo by Libby Sherwood

comprehensive guidebook can be found at Granite Mountain Outfitters. Looking for an intimate camping setting or somewhere to begin leading sport routes? Enjoy the seclusion of the canyon, remembering that you are not too far from the car. The Enchanted Tower, New Mexico Activity: Sport-climbing Driving time: 6 hours Arguably the best sport-climbing in New Mexico, the climbing at the Enchanted Tower can be described simply by one word: Fun. Here you will find sharp crimps, huge pockets and dramatic overhangs filled with

what climbers refer to as 5.11s (this means they are challenging). This area may be small, but its quality makes up for any disadvantages in its location or size. The best time of year to climb here is spring and fall, as summer days bring dreadful heat and winter days boast wind and unpleasant icycold rock. Do not forget to stop in at Pie-O-Neer restaurant in nearby Pie Town for a slice of fresh strawberry-rhubarb or New Mexican apple. They close at 4 p.m. and spontaneous days of the week, so be sure to call ahead and chef and owner, Kathy Knapp, will save you a few slices (or an entire pie, upon request).

State agenda stirs controversy in sex ed.

By Åsa Björklund Staff Writer

The recent education budget cuts in Arizona will make it harder for teachers to improve sex education. The state already ranks third highest in the nation for teen-pregnancy rates; critics say Arizona’s abstinence-only sex education has failed. Most people agree that sex education is needed to prevent teen pregnancies. What should be taught in such classes, however, stirs up a major debate. A line can be drawn between supporters of abstinence-only education (until marriage) and supporters of comprehensive sex education. The latter promote abstinence but also include information on contraceptive methods, STIs and HIV. “The idea of abstinence until marriage is not realistic. What happens if you don’t meet the right person? What if you’re homosexual and can’t get married?” asked Ron Harvey, Dean of Students at Kestrel High School. The budget cuts in education will force schools to pull out anything extraneous, and initiatives like comprehensive sex education will fall under that category, Harvey explained. The US has the highest teen pregnancy rates in the industrialized world. Besides the difficulties that unwanted pregnancies can cause for teenagers, they also lead to increased costs in health care, welfare, foster care and incarceration. In 2004, teen childbearing in Arizona cost taxpayers at least $252 million, according to the National

Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. Arizona does not have a law that requires schools to teach sex education or STI and HIV education. However, Arizona law requires that a school choosing to teach sex education must have age-appropriate instruction that stresses abstinence. Furthermore, if a school chooses to teach HIV education, such instruction must be medically accurate, but cannot promote a “homosexual lifestyle,” portray “homosexuality as a positive alternative life-style,” or “suggest that some methods of sex are safe methods of homosexual sex.”

The US has the highest teen pregnancy rates in the industrialized world. Each school district decides the content of sex education. The Prescott Unified School District (PUSD) offers health and sex education to students in grades five through 12. Although the education includes some information about contraceptives and HIV/ AIDS awareness, the primary focus is on the concept of abstinence until marriage. A committee of teachers, parents and community members decided on this approach prior to approval of the PUSD board. Hence, the program reflects the values of people in Prescott, according to Heidi Atkinson,

curriculum director at PUSD. “The community is a very traditional community,” she said. “Just the community makeup is probably more traditional than you’d find in other places.” Through an agreement with PUSD, the North Star Youth Partnership (NSYP) teaches all sexual education classes in the school district, except for ninth grade. NSYP is a program of the Catholic Charities Community Services. When asked about what information is provided on contraceptive use, NSYP Program director Diane DeLong, supported the state’s opinion on stressing abstinence, “There is a myth that condoms equal ‘safe sex’ and protect them from STDs and pregnancy. Teens must understand that condoms have the highest failure rate of any birth control method. Condoms have been proven to greatly reduce the risk of HIV/ AIDS if used correctly every time and only provide some protection for other STDs.” While it is true that nothing is safer than abstinence, with the correct use of condoms for 12 months, the pregnancy rate is as low as three percent. They also significantly reduce the risk of STIs, according to the World Health Organization. Beyond the debate on failure rates, a fundamental issue arises: Is it realistic to expect people to not have sex until they marry? “What happens if a parent tells a teenager not to do something?” asked Harvey, smiling wryly. “Kids will have sex anyway. But if they are told that contraceptives aren’t safe, they won’t use them.”

When asked for an opinion on “teenagers having sex anyway,” DeLong at NYSP was annoyed. “Like they’re all animals and can’t control themselves. It’s true for some maybe, but it makes teenagers sound like wild animals. It’s ridiculous,” she said.

“If you withhold information or give false information – that’s dangerous.” As an alternative to the a b s t i ne n c e - u n t i l - m a r r i a g e approach, Kestrel High School promotes “educated abstinence.” Harvey shared that if sex is something shameful, teenage couples will not talk with each other but they will still have sex. He believes that if they have the right knowledge, they are much more likely to talk about contraceptives and whether they want to have sex at all. Teenagers have to understand sex to make smart decisions, according to Harvey. “If you withhold information or give false information -that’s dangerous. If they grow up with misconceptions they’ll screw themselves up,” he said. Many people oppose comprehensive sex education because they think it will encourage their kids to start having sex. Research shows quite the contrary; comprehensive sexual education makes teenagers delay their sexual initiation and have less sexual partners. If the abstinence-untilmarriage approach has not

lowered teen pregnancy rates, many think that the school should implement a more comprehensive sex education. “It’s not that easy,” according to Atkinson at PUSD. Teen pregnancy is caused by many contributing factors, such as poverty, low level of education in families, and high divorce rates -- problems that she said all exist in Prescott. “I think it’s a blanket statement to say that it’s based on what’s taught in schools,” she said. “I think to solve any social problem you have to look at all the contributing factors and figure out how to address them all simultaneously, and that’s easier said than done.… It has to be a community solution, not a school solution.” Opinions in Prescott conflict on the topic. Harvey believes that the controversy around sex education is exaggerated. He thinks that schools erroneously assume parents will be angry if a comprehensive approach is introduced. “We can certainly try! All I’m asking people is to have a little bit of vision,” he said.

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Spring 2011 - Issue 1  

An independent newspaper serving Northern and Central Arizona

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