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CONFERENCE PROGRAM

October 18-19, 2019

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Table of Contents

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Welcome

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Conference Overview

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Conference Agenda

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Speaker Biographies

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The Pearson Institute

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Welcome

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O

n behalf of The Pearson Institute for the Study and Resolution of Global Conflicts, I’d like to welcome you to The Pearson

Global Forum, Beyond Walls | Deconstructing Peace. The objective

of this paramount gathering is to bring together scholars, leaders, and practitioners to address pressing issues of global conflict through the identification of important lessons for conflict resolution from around the world. Your participation is pivotal to the realization of this goal, and to the essential transmission of this crucial information to the wider audience at our Global Forum. The Pearson Institute for the Study and Resolution of Global Conflicts was established through a grant from the Thomas L. Pearson and Pearson Family Members Foundation and is dedicated to contributing to a world more at peace through research, education, and engagement. As an institute within the Harris School of Public Policy at the University of Chicago, our distinguished faculty apply a data-driven, analytical approach to examining issues related to conflict and reconciliation and are currently working in Nigeria, Afghanistan, and Colombia, among other countries. Through our Fellows and Scholars program for master’s and doctoral students and our course curriculum, we hope to inspire future policy leaders and academics to focus on these topics in a rigorous way. It is our goal to convene leading scholars and high-level policy makers from around the globe to exchange ideas and maximize the potential for impact in preventing and resolving violent conflicts and informing policy. We hope this Forum is an opportunity for you to engage with other similarly interested parties and begin important conversations that may impact positive change. I’d like to extend my personal thanks to you for joining us, and I welcome you to The Pearson Global Forum.

JAMES ROBINSON

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Institute Director, The Pearson Institute; Reverend Dr. Richard L. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict Studies and University Professor, Harris School of Public Policy at the University of Chicago

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Conference Overview THE SECOND ANNUAL PEARSON GLOBAL FORUM The University of Chicago’s Pearson Institute for the Study and Resolution of Global Conflicts presents the second annual Pearson Global Forum, Beyond Walls | Deconstructing Conflict. This Forum is a significant public event with the goal of convening leading scholars and high-level policy makers from around the globe to exchange ideas and maximize the potential for impact in preventing and resolving violent conflicts and informing policy. This conference will discuss the causes and consequences of conflict, and strategies to intervene and mitigate conflict and to consolidate peace. Just weeks before the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin wall, the second annual Pearson Global Forum will be both a reflection on the prospects for change once envisioned, as well as a discussion of our current global reality. As the international community continues to deal with dozens of active conflicts and the quickly shifting relationships between and among nations, it is essential to look beyond existing walls – both symbolic and literal – and deconstruct conflict in order to find paths towards resolution, peace, and stability. At The Pearson Institute, we are mobilizing our mission to convene international leaders and world-renowned academics at The Pearson Global Forum to explore rigorous research and analysis to influence solutions, strategies, and policy for reducing and mitigating conflict to achieve a more peaceful world.

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THE PEARSON INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY AND RESOLUTION OF GLOBAL CONFLICTS The Pearson Institute for the Study and Resolution of Global Conflicts at the University of Chicago promotes the ongoing discussion, understanding and resolution of global conflicts, and contributes to the advancement of a global society more at peace. Established through a grant from The Thomas L. Pearson and The Pearson Family Members Foundation, and led by Institute Director James Robinson, co-author of Why Nations Fail and The Narrow Corridor, the Institute achieves its mission by employing an analytically rigorous, datadriven approach and global perspective to understanding violent conflict. It is global in its scope, activities and footprint. Attracting students and scholars from around the world, its faculty is in the field studying conflicts – and approaches to conflict resolution – in Nigeria, Colombia and Afghanistan, to name just a few.

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Conference Agenda

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The Pearson Global Forum Friday, October 18, 2019 Axica Convention Center Pariser Platz 3, 10117 Berlin, Germany 12:00 p.m. 1:45 p.m.

ARRIVAL & LUNCH WELCOME REMARKS Katherine Baicker; Dean and Emmett Dedmon Professor, Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago James Robinson; Institute Director, The Pearson Institute; Reverend Dr. Richard L. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict Studies and University Professor, Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago

2:00 p.m.

KEYNOTE: LOOKING BACK AT 1989 Headsets available in English

Markus Meckel; Co-Founder of the Social Democratic Party in the GDR; First Foreign Minister after the first free democratic elections in the GDR in 1990

2:30 p.m.

DEALING WITH IDENTITY: TRANSITIONS IN GERMANY Naika Foroutan; Director, Berlin Institute for Empirical Integration and Migration Research Thorsten Benner; Co-Founder and Director, Global Public Policy Institute; Faculty, The Hertie School of Governance Philip Faigle; Special Projects Editor, ZEIT ONLINE Thomas Bagger; Ambassador; Director-General for Foreign Affairs, Bundestag Moderator: Judith C. Enders; Researcher, University of Applied Sciences; Founder, Perspektive Hoch 3; Member, Committee Around the Celebration of the 30th Anniversary of the Fall of the Berlin Wall

3:40 p.m.

FLASH TALK: WOMEN OR WAR? Oeindrila Dube; Philip K. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict Studies, Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago

4:00 p.m.

CLOSING REMARKS 6


SATURDAY, OCTOBER 19, 2019

Day 2

The Pearson Global Forum Saturday, October 19, 2019 Axica Convention Center Pariser Platz 3, 10117 Berlin, Germany 8:00 a.m.

ARRIVAL & WELCOME BREAKFAST

9:15 a.m.

WELCOME REMARKS Daniel Diermeier; Provost, University of Chicago

9:20 a.m.

FLASH TALK: THE NARROW CORRIDOR James Robinson; Institute Director, The Pearson Institute; Reverend Dr. Richard L. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict Studies and University Professor, Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago

9:35 a.m.

THE IRAQ PROJECT Feisal al-Istrabadi; Former Deputy Permanent Representative of Iraq to the United Nations; Director, Center for the Study of the Middle East and Professor of Practice, Indiana University Emma Sky; Director, Maurice R. Greenberg World Fellows Program and Senior Fellow, Jackson Institute for Global Affairs, Yale University Moderator: Nussaibah Younis; Senior Advisor, European Institute of Peace; Associate, The Pearson Institute

10:35 a.m.

BREAK

11:00 a.m.

HUMANIZING CONFLICT: PALESTINIAN REALITY Yousef Bashir; Peace Activist; Author

11:20 a.m.

FIRESIDE CHAT: BARRIERS TO PEACE Husam Zomlot; Head of the Palestinian Mission to the United Kingdom; Strategic Affairs Advisor to the Palestinian President Muriel Asseburg; Senior Fellow, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik

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12:20 p.m.

FLASH TALK: STATE-BUILDING LESSONS FROM THE BRITISH EMPIRE

Day 2

Roger Myerson; David L. Pearson Distinguished Service Professor of Global Conflict Studies at the Harris School of Public Policy, the Griffin Department of Economics, and The College, University of Chicago; Nobel Laureate (2007)

12:35 p.m.

LUNCH

2:00 p.m.

FLASH TALK: RELIGION, STATE, REGIME Kristin Fabbe; Assistant Professor of Business Administration and Hellman Faculty Fellow, Harvard Business School

2:15 p.m.

KEYNOTE: FACING THE PAST TO FACE THE FUTURE Headsets available in English

Roland Jahn; Federal Commissioner for the Stasi Records

2:45 p.m.

HUMANIZING CONFLICT: UYGHUR REALITY Jewher Ilham; Author

2:55 p.m.

NEW HOLOCAUST? UYGHURS Sophie Richardson; China Director, Human Rights Watch Dilnur Reyhan; Instructor, French National Institute for Oriental Studies; President, European Uyghur Institute, Director, Regarde sur les Ouïghour-e-s Nicole Morgret; Project Manager, Uyghur Human Rights Project Rian Thum; Senior Research Fellow, University of Nottingham Moderator: Ursula Gauthier; Senior Reporter, L’Obs

4:00 p.m.

FLASH TALK: WHY WE FIGHT Chris Blattman; Ramalee E. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict Studies, Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago

CLOSING REMARKS & COCKTAIL RECEPTION James Robinson; Institute Director, The Pearson Institute; Reverend Dr. Richard L. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict Studies and University Professor, Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago

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4:15 p.m.

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Speaker Biographies

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MURIEL ASSEBURG Senior Fellow, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik

Dr. Muriel Asseburg is a Senior Fellow in the Middle East and Africa division of the  Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik  (SWP), the German Institute for International and Security Affairs in Berlin. Her current research is focused on conflict dynamics and peace-making in the Levant (Israel/Palestine and Syria, in particular); German, European and US Middle East policies; as well as questions of state building, political reform and security in the Eastern Mediterranean. She is also a member of the Scientific Committee of the European University Institute’s Middle East Directions Programme, the International Advisory Board of  Mediterranean Politics  and the Advisory Board of the  Zeit-Stiftung’s PhD programme "Trajectories of change: PhD Scholarships in Humanities and Social Sciences". Asseburg studied political science, international law and economics at Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich where in 2000 she obtained a PhD. She has also lived, studied, and worked in the USA, Israel/Palestine, Syria, and Lebanon.   Recent publications include: The “Deal of the Century” for Israel Palestine, “US Proposals Are Likely to Speed Demise of Two-State Settlement”, SWP Comment 2019/C 20, April 2019;  “Divided and Divisive:  Europeans, Israel and  Israeli Palestinian  Peacemaking”, Joint study by Mitvim and SWP, May 2019 (ed with Nimrod Goren); “Economic Band-Aids Won’t Bring Peace to the Middle East”, in: Foreign Policy, 25.06.2019 (with Hugh Lovatt).

THOMAS BAGGER Ambassador; Director-General for Foreign Affairs, Bundestag

Thomas Bagger has been Director-General for Foreign Affairs at the Office of the President of the Federal Republic of Germany since 2017. He holds an MA in Government & Politics from University of Maryland at College Park and a doctorate from Ludwig-Maximilian-University in Munich. Before Dr. Bagger joined the German Diplomatic Service in 1992, he worked as a research associate at the Institute of International Affairs (SWP) in Ebenhausen / Germany. His postings abroad were Prague (1996-1998), Ankara (2002-2006), and Washington (20062009). He served as speechwriter to German Foreign Ministers Klaus Kinkel (199510


1996) and Joschka Fischer (1998-2002) and as Chief of Staff to Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle (2009-2011). Prior to his current assignment, Dr. Bagger was Head of Policy Planning at the German Federal Foreign Office (2011-2017).

KATHERINE BAICKER Dean and Emmett Dedmon Professor, Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago

Katherine Baicker, a leading scholar in the economic analysis of health policy, commenced as Dean and the Emmett Dedmon Professor at the University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy on August 15, 2017. Baicker’s research focuses primarily on the factors that drive the distribution, generosity, and effectiveness of public and private health insurance, with a particular focus on health insurance finance and the effect of reforms on the distribution and quality of care. She is currently one of the leaders of a research program investigating the many effects of expanding health insurance coverage in the context of a randomized Medicaid expansion in Oregon. Her research has been published in journals such as The New England Journal of Medicine, Science, Health Affairs, and The Quarterly Journal of Economics. Before coming to the University of Chicago, Baicker was the C. Boyden Gray Professor of Health Economics in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. She holds appointments as a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research; as an affiliate of the Abdul Latif Poverty Action Lab; and serves on the Congressional Budget Office’s Panel of Health Advisors; on the Board of Directors of Eli Lilly; and on the editorial boards of Health Affairs and the Journal of Health Economics. Baicker is an elected member of the National Academy of Medicine (IOM), the National Academy of Social Insurance, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Baicker has been a member of the faculty of the Department of Public Policy in the School of Public Affairs at the University of California, Los Angeles; the Economics Department at Dartmouth College; and the Center for the Evaluative Clinical Sciences and the Department of Community and Family Medicine at

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Dartmouth Medical School. She has served as Chair of the Massachusetts Group Insurance Commission; Chair of the Board of Directors of AcademyHealth; Commissioner on the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission and a nonresident senior fellow of the Brookings Institution. From 2005-2007, she served as a Senate-confirmed Member of the President’s Council of Economic Advisors, where she played a leading role in the development of health policy. Baicker earned her BA in economics from Yale and her PhD in economics from Harvard.

YOUSEF BASHIR Peace Activist; Author

Yousef Bashir is a Palestinian American from the Gaza Strip and the son of Khalil Bashir, a highly respected educator. Still suffering the effects of a nearcatastrophic injury at the hands of an anonymous Israel Defense Forces soldier, Yousef made his way to the United States, where he earned a BA in International Affairs from Northeastern University and an MA in Coexistence and Conflict from Brandeis University. Now living in Washington, DC, he has worked on Capitol Hill and served as a member of the Palestinian Diplomatic Delegation to the United States. Yousef is an accomplished author, a vigorous advocate of IsraeliPalestinian peace, and a much sought-after public speaker.

THORSTEN BENNER Co-Founder and Director, Global Public Policy Institute; Faculty, The Hertie School of Governance

Thorsten Benner is co-founder and director of the Global Public Policy Institute (GPPi) in Berlin. He is also an adjunct faculty member at the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin and a member of the Global Board of Directors of More in Common. His recent publications include “Authoritarian Advance: Responding to China’s Growing Political Influence in Europe” (GPPi/MERICS 2018). Prior to co-founding GPPi in 2003, he worked with the German Council on Foreign Relations in Berlin, the UN Development Programme in New York, and the Global Public Policy Project in Washington, DC.

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He studied political science, history, and sociology at the University of Siegen (Germany), the University of York (UK), and the University of California at Berkeley. From 2001 to 2003, he was a McCloy Scholar at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, where he received a master’s degree in public administration.

CHRIS BLATTMAN Ramalee E. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict Studies, Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago

Christopher Blattman is helping The Pearson Institute pursue its global mission by focusing on some of the biggest social challenges in Africa and Latin America: conflict, crime, and state building. Blattman is passionately engaged with such questions as, “Why are some societies poor, violent, and unequal?” and “What leads people into poverty, violence, and crime and what events and interventions lead them out?” As an economist and political scientist, Blattman uses field study, surveys, natural experiments, and field experiments to study the dynamics of poverty and participation, and to consider which development programs work and why. A number of studies are presently underway in Uganda and Liberia, where he is exploring new strategies to alleviate poverty and is exploring how these strategies impact violence, unrest, and other social and political behavior. He has published articles in The American Economic Review, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, American Political Science Review, Journal of Economic Literature, Journal of Economic Perspectives, International Organization, The Journal of Conflict Resolution, and The Review of Economics and Statistics. Blattman holds many affiliations that extend The Pearson Institute’s reach and impact. In addition to being a non-resident fellow at the Center for Global Development, he leads the peace and recovery program at Innovations for Poverty Action and is a member of the International Growth Center. He also leads the crime and violence sector at MIT’s Poverty Action Lab and the Peace & Recovery Program at Innovations for Poverty Action and has acted as a consultant and advisor to the World Bank, UNICEF, the UN Peacebuilding Fund, Uganda’s Office of the Prime Minister, and Liberia’s Ministry of Internal Affairs. Previously, Blattman was a business consultant and an accountant at Deloitte & Touche. He then served as an assistant professor of political science and economics at 13


Yale University and most recently as an associate professor at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs and Department of Political Science. He holds a PhD in economics from the University of California at Berkeley and a master’s degree in public administration and international development from Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government.

OEINDRILA DUBE Philip K. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict Studies, Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago

Professor Dube’s work lies at the intersection of development economics and political economy. Her research has given rise to a literature demonstrating how economic shocks contribute to political violence in the developing world. Her articles have appeared in leading journals such as Science, The Review of Economic Studies, The Journal of Political Economy and The American Political Science Review.  Her current work continues to study conflict, globally. One strand seeks to understand religiosity and radicalization in the Middle East and North Africa. Another focuses on police-community relations in the city of Chicago: she is working with the police department on a training to improve the quality of fast thinking among officers, and experimentally determining its effect on the use of force in citizen-police interactions.  Dube holds a PhD in Public Policy from the Harvard Kennedy School, a MPhil in Economics from Oxford, and a BA in Public Policy from Stanford. Prior to her graduate studies, she worked at the World Bank, Oxfam International and the Brookings Institution where she worked with Gene B. Sperling to establish the Brookings Center for Universal Education.  She was also the recipient of a Rhodes Scholarship in 2002.

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DANIEL DIERMEIER Provost, University of Chicago

Daniel Diermeier serves as the thirteenth Provost of the University of Chicago. Prior to his appointment as Provost, Dr. Diermeier was Dean of the Harris School of Public Policy from 2014-2016. He is the David Lee Shillinglaw Distinguished Service Professor at the Harris School and the College and a member of the Board of the University of Chicago Medical Center, the Board of Governors for Argonne National Laboratory, and the Board of Trustees of NORC. Dr. Diermeier is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Guggenheim Foundation, and the Canadian Institute of Advanced Research. His teaching and research focus on formal political theory and political institutions, as well as crisis and reputation management. He has published two books and over 90 research articles in academic journals, mostly in the fields of political science, economics, and management. Prior to joining the University of Chicago, Dr. Diermeier taught at the Graduate School of Business at Stanford University and the Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University. He also held appointments in Economics, Political Science, Linguistics, and the School of Law at Northwestern University. He received a PhD in political science from the University of Rochester, and received his master’s degrees in political science from the University of Rochester and the University of Munich. Dr. Diermeier also received a master’s degree in philosophy from the University of Southern California.

JUDITH C. ENDERS Researcher, University of Applied Sciences; Founder, Perspektive Hoch 3; Member, Committee Around the Celebration of the 30th Anniversary of the Fall of the Berlin Wall

Dr. Judith C. Enders studied political science at Freie Universität Berlin and holds a PhD from the University of Kassel. Previously, a visiting scholar at Rutgers University, she now teaches “Education for Sustainable Development” at the Alice Salomon University of Applied Science in Berlin and also sits on the board of trustees. Dr. Enders has published several books on sustainable development, climate change and Eastern Germany studies. Her latest book Theories of Sustainable Development 15


explores key concepts to achieving successful implementation of sustainability (Routledge, 2013). Enders is the founder of the Third Generation East initiative and serves as a board member of the Perspective Hoch Drei Society.

KRISTIN FABBE Assistant Professor of Business Administration and Hellman Faculty Fellow, Harvard Business School

Dr. Kristin E. Fabbe is an Assistant Professor and Hellman Faculty Fellow at Harvard Business School in the Business, Government, and the International Economy Unit. She is also faculty affiliate at the Middle East Initiative at the John F. Kennedy School of Government’s Belfer Center, at the Harvard Center for Middle East Studies, and the Harvard Center for European Studies. Her first book, Disciples of the State? Religion and Statebuilding in the Former Ottoman World, was published with Cambridge University Press in 2019. In her other work Kristin examines the effects and legacies of violence, refugees and migration, and state-business relations, especially as they relate to small and micro enterprises (SMEs). Towards this end she has conducted a number of large surveys in the Middle East and North Africa and has ongoing research projects in Iraq, Morocco, Turkey, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia.

PHILIP FAIGLE Special Projects Editor, ZEIT ONLINE

Philip Faigle is a Special Projects Editor at ZEIT ONLINE, Germany’s leading news website. He is leading the section X, and was in charge for the pop-updepartments #D17 and #D18, which aimed to explain Germany to Germans in a new way. He was project lead for the discussion project Germany talks and is also leading the global version, My Country Talks.

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NAIKA FOROUTAN Director, Berlin Institute for Empirical Integration and Migration Research

Naika Foroutan is Professor of Social Sciences at the Humboldt-University in Berlin. She is co-directing both the Berlin Institute on Integration and Migration Research (BIM) as well as the German Center for Integration and Migration Research, the DeZIM-Institute, a Ministry-funded research institute that centrally organizes migration and integration research in Germany and provides empirical analysis for migration and integration debates in Europe. Her research focuses on countries of immigration, their shifting identities as well as their prevalent attitudes towards minorities. Naika Foroutan led two much acclaimed research projects HEYMAT (Hybrid European Muslim Identities) and JUNITED (New Islam-related-topics in Germany). She has published widely on the themes of shifting identities in Germany, attitudes towards Muslims in Germany as well as on postmigrant societies - a newly developed theoretical framework for analyzing transformations in migration-impacted societies. Naika Foroutan also serves as an advisor and consultant to German political parties and other national and international institutions and is also a board member of the Council on Migration in Germany.

URSULA GAUTHIER Senior Reporter, L’Obs

Ursula Gauthier is a reporter, a writer and a documentary filmmaker. She is currently a senior reporter for L’Obs  (previously  Le Nouvel Observateur), reporting about China, the Middle East, and Europe. She also serves as the chief editor of special issues  Les Hors-Séries de L’Obs. Gauthier worked as a China correspondent for L’Obs from 2009 to 2015 and was expelled from the country for authoring an article about the Uyghurs. She is the winner of the prix Louis Hachette pour la presse écrite in 2003 for her report about the AIDS epidemic in China. She is the author of an essay entitled "The Chinese Volcano" (Denoël, 1998), and a novel, Wind and Dust (Denoël, 1995).

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She has co-authored a number of books, including Out, Can Social Exclusion be Quelled? (Robert-Laffont, 2003) with French State Secretary for Humanitarian Action Dr. Xavier Emmanuelli and Anticancer, A New Way of Life (Robert-Laffont, 2008) and Not the Last Goodbye (Robert-Laffont, 2011) with Dr. David ServanSchreiber. She has directed nine TV documentaries, mainly about China..

JEWHER ILHAM Author

Jewher Ilham is the daughter of Uyghur scholar, Ilham Tohti, an internationally noted moderate voice who was dedicated to bridging the gap between the Uyghur people and the Han Chinese. Jewher arrived in the United States in 2013, following the detention of her father at the Beijing airport, as both prepared to travel to Indiana University for Professor Tohti’s fellowship. At eighteen years old, with little English and no plan, and unable to return safely to China, Jewher found herself having to start a new life in Bloomington, Indiana. During the period between her father’s subsequent arrest and sentencing for life, Jewher enrolled as a student in Indiana. As an advocate for her father, she testified before the US Congressional-Executive Committee on China, wrote opeds in The New York Times, met with a number of government officials including former Secretary of State John Kerry, and received numerous awards worldwide on behalf of her father. In 2015, she recounted her experiences in the book, Jewher Ilham: A Uyghur’s Fight to Free Her Father (University of New Orleans Press). Jewher has finished her degree at Indiana University this year. She is taking a year off to assist on a documentary film about Uyghurs as well as to continue to advocate on behalf of her father.

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FEISAL al-ISTRABADI Former Deputy Permanent Representative of Iraq to the United Nations; Director, Center for the Study of the Middle East and Professor of Practice, Indiana University

Ambassador Feisal Amin Rasoul al-Istrabadi is the founding director of the Center for the Study of the Middle East at Indiana University—Bloomington, where he is also professor of the practice of international law and diplomacy at the Maurer School of Law and the Hamilton Lugar School of Global and International Studies. From 2004 to 2010 he represented Iraq at the United Nations, having previously acted as legal advisor to the Iraqi Foreign Minister during the negotiations for U.N. Security Council resolution 1546 recognizing Iraq’s re-assertion of its sovereignty. In 2003-04, he was principal legal drafter of Iraq's interim constitution, the Transitional Administrative Law, and was advisor on constitutional and legal affairs to Dr. Adnan Pachachi, a member of the Iraqi Governing Council Presidency. Al-Istrabadi’s book, The Future of ISIS: Regional and International Implications, edited with Sumit Ganguly, was published in 2018 by Brookings. His monograph, The Iraqi Supreme Criminal Tribunal: National and International Dimensions, assessing the trials of prominent members of Iraq’s previous regime, is under contract with Cambridge University Press. Ambassador al-Istrabadi is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a Member of the Council on Foreign Relations in New York.

ROLAND JAHN Federal Commissioner for the Stasi Records

Roland Jahn is the Federal Commissioner for the Stasi Records and heads the Stasi Archives. Born in 1953 in East Germany, he became a co-founder of the oppositional peace community in Jena that protested against the lack of freedom of speech and the increasing militarization of the GDR. In 1983, he was expelled from the country of his birth against his will and thrown onto a train to West Germany. In West-Berlin, he maintained contact with the GDR opposition and set up an informal information network between East and West. As a journalist for West German national television (ARD and ZDF) he used this "underground" network to cover human rights violations and environmental destruction in the 19


GDR. After 1989, he continued to work as an ARD editor with a focus on the consequences of the effects of the East German dictatorship on united Germany. He was appointed Federal Commissioner for the Stasi Records in 2011 by the German Bundestag and confirmed for a second five-year-term in 2016.

MARKUS MECKEL Co-Founder of the Social Democratic Party in the GDR; First Foreign Minister after the first free democratic elections in the GDR in 1990

Markus Meckel is a German politician and former protestant pastor, who was a prominent critic of the East German (GDR) regime. In 1989 he initiated the foundation of the Social Democratic Party in GDR. After the first free democratic elections in the GDR, he served as Foreign Minister and negotiated the German unification in the framework of 2+4 talks. Later he served as an MP in the Bundestag (1990-2009).

NICOLE MORGRET Project Manager, Uyghur Human Rights Project

Nicole Morgret is the Uyghur Human Rights Project's Project Manager, contributing to its research and advocacy initiatives since 2016. Before joining UHRP, she earned master's degree from the Hopkins-Nanjing Center. Her undergraduate degree is from the American College of Thessaloniki.

ROGER MYERSON David L. Pearson Distinguished Service Professor of Global Conflict Studies at the Harris School of Public Policy, the Griffin Department of Economics, and The College, University of Chicago; Nobel Laureate (2007)

Roger Myerson has made seminal contributions to the fields of economics and political science. In game theory, he introduced refinements of Nash's equilibrium concept, and he developed techniques to characterize the effects of communication among rational agents who have different information. Myerson has also applied game-theoretic tools to political science, analyzing how political incentives can be affected by different electoral systems and constitutional structures. 20


Myerson has a PhD from Harvard University and taught for 25 years in the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University before coming to the University of Chicago in 2001. He is the author of books on game theory and probability modeling and has published numerous articles in professional journals. He has served as president of the Game Theory Society, president of the Econometric Society, and vice president of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is also a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the American Philosophical Society. He was awarded the 2007 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in recognition of his contributions to mechanism design theory, which analyzes rules for coordinating economic agents efficiently when they have different information and difficulty trusting each other.

DILNUR REYHAN Instructor, French National Institute for Oriental Studies; President, European Uyghur Institute, Director, Regarde sur les Ouïghour-e-s

Dilnur Reyhan holds a PhD in sociology and teaches at the National Institute of Oriental Languages and Civilizations (Inalco) in Paris. She is the president of the European Uyghur Institute, and director of the bilingual magazine Regard sur les Ouïghour-e-s. Her field of research is mainly identity and nationalism in the Uyghur diaspora, but also gender studies among the Uyghurs.

SOPHIE RICHARDSON China Director, Human Rights Watch

Sophie Richardson is the China director at Human Rights Watch. A graduate of the University of Virginia, the Hopkins-Nanjing Program, and Oberlin College, Dr. Richardson is the author of numerous articles on domestic Chinese political reform, democratization, and human rights in Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Hong Kong, the Philippines, and Vietnam. She has testified before the European Parliament and the US Senate and House of Representatives. She has provided commentary to The BBC, CNN, The Far Eastern Economic Review, Foreign Policy, National Public Radio, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, and The Washington Post. Dr. Richardson is the author of China, Cambodia, and the Five Principles of Peaceful 21


Coexistence (Columbia University Press, Dec. 2009), an in-depth examination of China's foreign policy since 1954's Geneva Conference, including rare interviews with policy makers.

JAMES ROBINSON Institute Director, The Pearson Institute; Reverend Dr. Richard L. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict Studies and University Professor, Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago

As Institute Director, James Robinson guides The Pearson Institute’s research agenda, engaging the international academic and practitioner community and setting the curriculum for the next generation of leaders and scholars. A prominent political scientist and economist, Robinson has conducted influential research in the field of political and economic development and the factors that are the root causes of conflict. His work explores the underlying relationship between poverty and the institutions of a society and how institutions emerge out of political conflicts. His work has deepened the understanding of political institutions throughout the world. Robinson has a particular interest in Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa. He is widely recognized as the co-author of Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty, and the recent  The Narrow Corridor: States, Societies and the Fate of Liberty, both with Daron Acemoglu, Institute Professor at MIT. He has written and coauthored numerous other books and articles, including the acclaimed Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy (also with Acemoglu). Robinson served as an academic advisor to the World Bank’s 2017 World Development Report on Governance, on the board of the Global Development Network from January 2009 to December 2011, and on the Swedish Development Policy Council from 2007 to 2010.

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EMMA SKY Director, Maurice R. Greenberg World Fellows Program and Senior Fellow, Jackson Institute for Global Affairs, Yale University

Emma Sky is director of Yale's Maurice R. Greenberg World Fellows Program and a Senior Fellow at the Jackson Institute, where she teaches Middle East politics. She is the author of the highly acclaimed The Unravelling: High Hopes and Missed Opportunities in Iraq (2015) and In a Time of Monsters: Travelling in a Middle East in Revolt (2019). Sky served as advisor to the Commanding General of US Forces in Iraq from 2007-2010; as advisor to the Commander of NATO’s International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan in 2006; as advisor to the US Security Co-ordinator for the Middle East Peace Process in 2005; and as Governorate Co-ordinator of Kirkuk for the Coalition Provisional Authority, 2003-2004. Prior to that, Sky worked in the Palestinian territories for a decade, managing projects to develop Palestinian institutions; and to promote co-existence between Israelis and Palestinians. In addition, Emma has provided technical assistance on poverty elimination, human rights, justice public administration reform, security sector reform, and conflict resolution in the Middle East, South Asia and Africa. Sky was educated at Oxford (UK), Alexandria (Egypt), Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Israel) and Liverpool (UK). Sky is an Officer of the Order of the British Empire.

RIAN THUM Senior Research Fellow, University of Nottingham

Rian Thum is Senior Research Fellow at the University of Nottingham. His research and teaching are generally concerned with the interpenetration of China and the Muslim World. Since 1999, he has regularly conducted field research in Xinjiang and other areas of China with large Muslim populations, both Uyghur- and Chinese-speaking. His book, The Sacred Routes of Uyghur History (Harvard University Press, 2014) was awarded the Fairbank prize for East Asian history (American Historical Association) and the Hsu prize for East Asian Anthropology (American Anthropological Association). Thum’s current book project, Islamic China, is a re-examination of Chinese Islam that takes full account of the numerous Persian and Arabic sources that Chinese-speaking Muslims have used and written. Since the emergence of China’s mass internment program for Turkic minorities, Thum has consulted for media organizations, businesses, 23


NGOs, and government agencies developing responses to the emergency in Xinjiang. In addition to his academic publications, Thum’s writing has appeared in The New York Times, The Washington Post, Foreign Affairs, and The Nation.

NUSSAIBAH YOUNIS Senior Advisor, European Institute of Peace; Associate, The Pearson Institute

Dr. Nussaibah Younis is an expert on Iraqi politics, society and foreign policy. She is currently Senior Advisor to the European Institute of Peace, where she designs and implements high level mediation processes with a view to furthering stability in Iraq. She is also the Founder and Director of the Iraq Leadership Fellows Program at the American University of Iraq, which trains political and civil society activists in campaigning skills. Dr. Younis was previously Director of the Task Force on the Future of Iraq at the Atlantic Council, which brought together experts and practitioners working on Iraq from all over the world in in order to design a longterm US-Iraq strategy. Dr. Younis has PhD in International Relations, and completed a Post-Doctoral Fellowship at the Harvard Kennedy School's Belfer Center.

HUSAM ZOMLOT Head of the Palestinian Mission to the United Kingdom; Strategic Affairs Advisor to the Palestinian President

Ambassador Dr. Husam S. Zomlot is the Head of the Palestinian Mission to the United Kingdom and Strategic Affairs Advisor to the Palestinian President. Prior to this appointment to the UK, Dr Zomlot served as Ambassador to the United States (Head of the PLO General Delegation to the United States). Dr Zomlot’s previous official roles include serving as Ambassador–at-large for the Palestinian Presidency and Director of Fatah Foreign Relations Commission. Dr Zomlot holds a PhD in economics from the University of London, was a professor of Public Policy at Birzeit University, where he co-founded and chaired Birzeit school of Government, and held a number of teaching and research positions at Harvard University and University of London. His professional experiences include working as an economist at the United Nations and Economic Researcher with London School of Economics and the Palestine Policy Research Institute. 24


THE PEARSON INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY AND RESOLUTION OF GLOBAL CONFLICTS

MISSION The Pearson Institute for the Study and Resolution of Global Conflicts promotes discussion, understanding and resolution of global conflicts through research, education and engagement with the global policy community. The Pearson Institute fills a critical gap by identifying data-driven strategies to reduce or mitigate global conflicts and by informing policy in ways that ultimately help create a world more at peace.

RESEARCH | Geographically diverse, our researchers cover the globe, from Latin America and the Middle East, to sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. The Pearson Institute annually awards grants through its Research Innovation Fund to faculty and PhD students across the University of Chicago whose work aims to understand and reduce global conflict and ultimately impact public policy.

EDUCATION | The Pearson Institute offers academic programming each year through the University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy. Courses, offered at the undergraduate, master’s, and doctoral levels, are topically and geographically diverse, and introduce students to new tools and methodologies while promoting evidencebased policy. The Pearson Institute offers certificates in Global Conflict Studies and International Development designed to focus on comparative development, political economy, and applied methodology, and to help prepare students for global careers across sectors.

FACULTY James Robinson Institute Director, The Reverend Dr. Richard L. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict Studies and University Professor

FELLOWS & SCHOLARS | Each year, through the Fellows and Scholars program, The Pearson Institute sponsors a select group of distinguished master’s and doctoral students to engage in the study of global conflicts. By providing funding and mentorship to these students, The Pearson Institute helps develop the next generation of leaders and scholars.

Chris Blattman

PEARSON INSTITUTE INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT SEMINARS (PICS) | Supporting these international experiential opportunities will help make these programs accessible to all students, expanding the impact of PICS, and giving more students the opportunity to understand the facts on the ground and become ambassadors for positive change.

The Ramalee E. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict Studies

Oeindrila Dube The Philip K. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict Studies

Roger Myerson The David L. Pearson Distinguished Service Professor of Global Conflict Studies

The Pearson Institute also maintains a network of faculty affiliates and associates across the University of Chicago and at universities around the world to promote an interdisciplinary, global approach to the study of conflict.

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ENGAGEMENT | The Pearson Institute connects scholars with policymakers, global leaders, students, and the general public through The Pearson Global Forum and additional events. The Pearson Global Forum | The Pearson Global Forum annually convenes the world’s foremost thinkers and influencers for the purpose of informing and discussing new strategies to prevent, resolve, and recover from conflict. By promoting dialogue between diverse academics, policymakers, global leaders, and other stakeholders, the Forum bridges the critical gap between research and policy. The Reverend Dr. Richard L. Pearson Lecture | Each year, The Pearson Institute hosts an individual who has worked at the highest levels of peacemaking and conflict resolution. Speakers include Ambassador Husam Zomlot, Strategic Afairs Advisor to the Palestinian President; Sergio Jaramillo, former Colombian High Commissioner for Peace; and Jonathan Powell, Chief British Negotiator in the Northern Ireland peace process. Recurring Event Series | The Pearson Institute holds a monthly public event series featuring guests who work on issues related to conflict and peace.


Your financial contribution is an investment in future leaders who put evidence first. The Pearson Institute has a variety of exciting investment opportunities, each designed to help students put evidence first and make a positive impact on the world. PICS | The Pearson Institute International Conflict Seminars (PICS) offer students an experiential opportunity to travel abroad and learn about conflict from the perspective of those who are living or have lived it. These unique programs are individually designed by The Pearson Institute, using personal networks to give students the opportunity to engage with the local community, political leaders, academics, NGOs, and many more whom they would otherwise not be able to interact with. Your contribution will help make these programs accessible to all students, expanding the impact of PICS, and giving more students the opportunity to understand the facts on the ground and become ambassadors for positive change. Fellows & Scholars | The Pearson Institute offers graduate students a rigorous data-driven curriculum, access to leading global thinkers and world-class professional development opportunities. Your contribution will help expand opportunities to support these fellows and scholars improve their skills, sharpen their minds and create a world more at peace. Research Grants | Support researchers at The Pearson Institute pursuing innovative, data-driven research that seeks to understand and reduce global conflicts. Researchers explore topics that are regionally and topically diverse, each with a focus on using quantitative science to advance the study of conflict and the potential to advance evidence-based public policies involving global conflicts. Your support of new and established researchers can impact change through data-based knowledge on conflict. For more information on how to give, please contact Alison Coppelman, at acoppelman@uchicago.edu.

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The Pearson Global Forum

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The Pearson Global Forum  

2019 Program

The Pearson Global Forum  

2019 Program