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paragraph 80. Retrieved from: http:// desa/publications/files/2015/01/ SynthesisReportENG.pdf 4 United Nations, 2002.Monterrey Consensus on Financing for Development. Retrieved from: http:// MonterreyConsensus.pdf 5 UN System Task Team on the Post-2015 UN Development Agenda, 2013. “A Renewed Partnership for Global Development,” paragraph 32. Retrieved from: http:// policy/untaskteam_undf/glob_dev_ rep_2013.pdf 6 Article 50 of the Treaty inserts the new Article 28E, paragraph 5 of which sets out the withdrawal procedure. Please see full text of the Treaty at legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=O J:C:2007:306:FULL&from=EN 7 The Economist explains: What’s the point of the Commonwealth? Retrieved from: www.economist. com/blogs/economistexplains/2013/11/economistexplains-12.Last accessed

September 15, 2016 8 For further information on these and other economic development initiatives undertaken by the Commonwealth Secretariat, please see www.commonwealthofnations. org/commonwealth-in-action/ economic-development-2/ 9 Jessica Rodger, 2003. Colonial Relic or Dynamic Organisation? The Commonwealth of Nations and Conflict Resolution, p. 74. Retrieved from: research/publications/vuwlr/previssues/pdf/vol-34-2003/issue-1/ rodger.pdf 10 Ibid, p. 77 11 Please see: http:// files/project/documents/Hub%20 and%20Spokes%20Phase%20 1%20_2004%20_2012.pdf 12 Please see: http:// hubandspokesII-phase1 13 Remarks of the Commonwealth Deputy SecretaryGeneral, Deodat Maharaj on The Commonwealth in the Unfolding Global Trade Landscape at

the House of Commons on 14 January 2016. Retrieved from: sites/default/files/news-items/ documents/Deputy%20SecretaryGeneral%20remarks%20-%20 The%20Commonwealth%20in%20 the%20Unfolding%20Global%20 Trade%20Landscape_0.pdf 14 Ibid 15 Dirk Willem teVelde, Maximiliano Mendez-Parra and Phyllis Papadavid, 2016. Brexit Fallout: Implications for UK and developing countries. Retrieved from: 16 Swati Dhingra and Thomas Sampson, 2016. “Life after Brexit: The UK’s options outside the EU”. Retrieved from: article/life-after-brexit-uk-s-optionsoutside-eu 17 Footnote: Lord Howell, “A bright future awaits Britain post-Brexit in the Commonwealth markets.” Retrieved from: news/2016/07/29/a-bright-futureawaits-britain-post-brexit-in-thecommonwealth-m/. Last accessed 16 September 2016

Above: The busy port of Montego Bay in Jamaica.

Ibid Ibid 20 Marianna Duarte de Aragao “Pound tumbles to 31-Year Low as Brexit Starts to Inflict Damage.” Bloomberg, 5 July 2016. Retrieved from news/articles/2016-07-05/pounddrops-toward-31-year-low-asselloff-resumes-before-carney 21 Jovan Johnson, “Seek WTO waiver for trade with post-Brexit UK, CARICOM told.” The Gleaner, Thursday 7 July 2016. 22 Ibid 23 McPherse Thompson. “BOJ, Jamaica Chamber weigh implications of ‘surprise’ Brexit.” The Sunday Gleaner, 26 June 2016. 24 Tameka Gordon, “Jamaica Producers sells mining company, braces for Brexit.” The Sunday Gleaner, 26 June 2016. 18 19

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