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The Official Student Publication of PLMun - College of Teacher Education November 2016 – January 2017 Volume II No. 1

UTLOOK SEEK THE TRUTH. EMPO WER THE VO ICELESS.

NEWS

CTE CONQUERS U-WEEK

2016 CHAMPIONSHIP MORE FILIPINOS CONSIDER THEMSELVES POOR — SURVEY

FEATURES REMEMBERING THE

FORGOTTEN VIEWS IN DEFENSE OF

MILLENNIALS

EDITORIAL (UN)BURYING THE TRUTH


NEWS [1]

November 2016-January 2017

THE VICTORS. College of Teacher Education (CTE) students and Dean Dr. Danilo Solayao rejoice at the announcement of the CTE’s win as best float, Oct. 24, at the University Quadrangle. Photo from The Warden

CTE conquers U-Week 2016 championship _______________________________________

BRIAN JUDE BURABOD

The College of Teacher Education (CTE) sent previous champion College of Information Technology and Computer Studies (CITCS) back to the ground, as the future educators nabbed the overall championship at the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Muntinlupa (PLMun) 25th Founding Anniversary games, held Oct. 24 to 29, ending their decade-long championship drought at the annual University Week (U-Week) games. The University's silver anniversary celebration was themed "Celebrating Transformative Education." Representatives from the CTE received the championship plaque, along with the plaques for major and minor events in which they won, at the U-Week's awards ceremony, Dec. 8, conducted at the PLMun Gymnasium. "To bring home the grand champion on the University's 25th founding year is the goal of every college, thus, to emerge as the ultimate winner this year is a great achievement for the CTE students and

the faculty," CTE Dean Dr. Danilo Solayao said on the College's victory. According to Dean Solayao, the CTE last sat on the U-Week championship throne in 2006, during his previous term as the College's dean, before it was taken anew this year. The CTE took the lead, placing first in five events, four of which are major and one minor, namely Men’s Volleyball, Battle of the Brains, Float Parade, Ms. PLMun, and Scrabble, while runner-up in Word Factory, Chess, Cheerdance Competition, Rubik’s Cube, Palaro ng Lahi, and Women’s Volleyball. With a total of 86 points, the future educators replaced the former champion, CITCS, who ranked second place in this year’s U-Week with 83 points. The College of Business Administration (CBA) ranked third place, while the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) and the College of Criminal Justice (CCJ) tied for fourth place. CTE Student Council (CTESC)

President Michael Blando attributed the College's victory to the ardent support and involvement of the CTE students, which he said were the key to winning the decade-long elusive championship. "Actually, I never expected this. After so much early preparations and meetings of the students, minor organizations and faculty, we are all blessed to bring home the bacon. It is really like the quotation: '[The] early bird catches the worm’; all of the collective efforts were paid off. I really appreciate the involvement of every individual in the event and acknowledge our faculty and staff who boosted our moral, and for making the championship possible. I [also] thank God who is the main reason of all these. I dedicate this honor to the CTE community," Blando said. "After the U-Week 2016, we are now going back to basics. Lastly, the CTESC is glad to tell you that there will be [a] CTE Week celebration," he announced.


NEWS [2]

November 2016-January 2017

More Filipinos consider themselves poor — survey _______________________________________

JESSIE RAYMUNDO

The latest Social Weather Stations (SWS) survey, conducted from Dec. 3 to 6, revealed that about 10 million Filipino families are self-rated poor and 7.7 million families consider themselves food-poor. According to the nationwide survey, 44 percent of the respondents--an increase by two points from the 42 percent or 9.4 million families recorded in September 2016--rated themselves poor. The latest survey had a margin of error of plus-or-minus three percentage points, and used face-to-face interviews with 1,500 adults. Across all areas, the sole self-rated poverty increase recorded was in Luzon areas outside Metro Manila, where 42 percent of families declared themselves

poor. On the other hand, Metro Manila, from 36 percent in September, fell by five points to 31 percent. Visayas remained steady at 56 percent, while Mindanao, from 49 percent, fell by two points to 47 percent. The SWS said that figures of self-rated poverty for nine consecutive quarters have been either declining or steady "from 52 percent in December 2014, 51 percent in March and June 2015 to 50 percent in September and December 2015, 46 percent in April 2016, 45 percent in June 2016." The latest SWS survey also discovered that 34 percent of respondents rated the food they eat as poor, up just four points from the 30 percent in September. From 24 percent, self-rated food

poverty, across areas, increased by eight points in Luzon areas outside Metro Manila to 32 percent. Meanwhile, Visayas, from 36 percent, increased by seven points to 43 percent, and Metro Manila by three points to 23 percent from 20 percent. Mindanao, however, decreased by four points to 37 percent from 41 percent. The latest survey figures brought the selfrated poverty average for 2016 to a recordlow of 49 percent, and the same year‘s average self-rated food poverty average to 32 percent.

Eduk snatches 5th place in nationwide art contest _______________________________________

INAH MAE ESTEBAN, JOY ABEGAIL CALDA

Special Education senior Sofia Camille Pinoy's entry entitled "Victimizing Virus" won fifth place at the Art Attack - HIV Prevention Among the Youth 2016. The nationwide art contest was organized by the Department of Health (DOH), in cooperation with the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (RITM) and the Philippine National AIDS Council (PNAC), with the theme "Zero New HIV, Zero AIDS Death, Zero Discrimination, An AIDS-free Generation, Access to Equity Rights Now!" The College of Teacher Education (CTE) student received a plaque of recognition, netbook, and cash prize worth P 10,000 at the contest's awards banquet, Nov. 21, at the Ramada Hotel, Binondo, Manila. "I was elated. Aside from my desire of

reaching the pitiful conditions of the newly diagnosed victims who still undergo an initial depression," Pinoy said on bagging the fifth place at the nationwide art contest, ―the prizes I won will be primarily for the poor kids who need educational tools for self-paced learning and for my special sister‘s financial assistance." Her artwork, together with its accompanying poem, was among the 12 winning entries out of the 31 finalists from various higher education institutions (HEIs) all over the country. The top 12 works will be featured in the 2017 Desk Calendar of the DOH. According to the health department, Art Attack aims to advocate HIV awareness and prevention among the Filipino youth. Pinoy also disclosed that she was driven to join the DOH-sponsored art contest by

the "shattered souls" of her friends in high school who have become HIV victims. "As I am very much concerned with how the innocence and ignorance of the temperamental youth affects the entire country at large, the skyrocketing population of HIV didn‘t surprise me at all, albeit despondent. This inspired me as a future educator to make a small-yet-artful piece of ‗heartwork‘ which could possibly spur hope and would correspondingly be [a] symbol of awareness," she shared. According to the DOH, the number of Filipinos testing positive for HIV has been alarmingly increasing, with around 29 new cases recorded every day. Many of those who are infected, the health department noted, are young people.


EDITORIAL [3]

November 2016-January 2017

(UN)BURYING THE TRUTH

ILLUSTRATION BY BRIAN JUDE BURABOD

Y

OU CAN BURY THE CORPSE OF A fascist tyrant at a cemetery dedicated for heroes, but you can never bury the truth. This is what the actions of the growing multitudes of Filipinos, who have joined and taken into the streets the mounting clamor against the surreptitious Marcos burial, have revealed in response to the Marcoses‘ desperate moves to negate history and advance their political revival. On Nov. 18, like a thief in the night time, the Marcos family hurriedly and furtively interred the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani, 10 days after the Supreme Court‘s (SC) 9-5 decision rejecting the petitions to block the honored burial. This, despite the law which delays decisions from being final and executory until 15 days, or motions for consideration have been resolved. The sudden and clandestine burial, which timing the Marcos clan kept secret from the nation, surprised the masses, even Marcos‘ apologists. But such act is not a tad bit unexpected from the Marcoses, who stole massively from the nation‘s coffers and silenced violently their victims in a similar stealthy manner during their late patriarch‘s regime. After all, real heroes are buried in honor and glory, while despots and thieves are buried surreptitiously and in shame. In favor of the hero‘s burial of the late despot, the majority of justices reechoed President Rodrigo Duterte‘s arguments for ordering the interment: that Marcos qualifies to be buried at the heroes‘ cemetery as a former president and soldier, that there is no existing law which prohibits him from being buried there. In contrast to their point, there‘s no need for an explicit law which prohibits Marcos‘ burial at the heroes‘ cemetery in order to block it. The interment, in hindsight, should have never been allowed in the first place as it clearly contravenes the deeper principles of the Constitution; the backdrop to the drafting of the 1987 Constitution, according to its living authors, is the overthrow of the Marcos dictatorship. Furthermore, Marcos is a judicially, legislatively, and historically recognized dictator, plunderer, and human rights violator. His tyranny left 70,000 imprisoned, 34,000 tortured, 3,240 killed, and 1,000 enforced disappeared, according to Amnesty International. Thus, his honored burial is not only a blatant disrespect to the nation and the Filipino people, but also to our Constitution, democracy, and history. Mr. Duterte and the nine justices who voted to allow Marcos‘ hero‘s burial failed to realize that the late despot's government and military credentials are insufficient bases to authorize his interment at the heroes‘ cemetery without considering his atrocities. They appallingly ignored Marcos‘ bloody record--massive corruption and human rights violations--and the fact that he was overthrown by the Filipino people in 1986, which unequivocally disqualify him from having any honored burial.

“The people must never cease to struggle until a just society, where historical revisionism and all forms of injustices no longer exist, is attained.” Worst of all, the authorization of his hero‘s burial has allowed the birthing of abominable ironies. While thousands of victims of Marcos‘ dictatorship had not even been given a decent burial, he relished a luxurious interment at the heroes‘ cemetery with full military honors. While he and his cronies pocketed billions from the nation‘s coffers, the country‘s public funds were used for his lavish burial. Considering that up to this day, the Marcoses still deny their massive corruption, human rights abuses, and fascism during their family patriarch‘s regime, Marcos‘ interment at the national pantheon only allows them to whitewash all the atrocities they have committed against the Filipino people. Despite this, the Marcos clan even has the gall to claim that the burial would lead to ―national healing.‖ The Marcoses, and those who echo their erroneous pretense, are blind to the truth that as long as genuine justice has not yet been served and their odious family continues to disclaim their atrocities, the burial promises no healing but only memorializes impunity.

In reality, instead of healing, it reopens and deepens decades-long wounds. One of the darkest eras of the nation‘s history is presently under the threat of being revised to serve the interests of an oligarchic family: the odious Marcos clan. In these dark times of historical revisionism, the rightful duty of the people is to stand and fight against it. Hence, the Filipino people must foil the Marcoses‘ plot. The sonorous chants of those who join and stage protests nationwide to express their indignation at the Marcoses‘ historical revisionism are the very example of what is described in Les Miserables as ―the music of a people who will not be slaves again.‖ These people are the living reminder that the majority of Filipinos still haven‘t forgotten the Marcoses‘ atrocities and that they will never let it happen again. It is also gratifying to note that the youth did not disappoint as they prove, through their ardent involvement in the said protest actions, that they are indeed the hope of the motherland. They serve as the light amidst the darkness of historical revisionism; the hope that the next generations of Filipinos will likewise never forget. But the fight should not end there. The people must never cease to struggle until a just society, where historical revisionism and all forms of injustices no longer exist, is attained. More important, in a nation where some assume that forgetting is synonymous with moving forward and reconciliation, the Filipino people must always remember this: A nation that has truly moved forward never forgets its past.


VIEWS [4]

November 2016-January 2017

Why capital punishment favors the rich AUDEAMUS JESSIE RAYMUNDO

“One hardly finds a rich or affluent person going to the gallows.” –A.P. Shah IF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IS MEANT TO protect the interests of anyone, it is those of the ruling elite. For in a country where justice exclusively belongs to those who can afford it, the death penalty will only target penniless offenders. Reinstating it is just a euphemism, so to speak, for legalizing a democide of the poor. The House of Representatives is taking steps towards reimposing the death penalty in the country. By a vote of 12-6 and one abstention, last Dec. 7, the Justice Committee approved the bill reviving capital punishment on more than 20 heinous crimes, including kidnapping for ransom, arson with death, rape with homicide, and illegal drug activities. The majority of the members conjecture that the bill would help stop heinous crimes. According to the bill, ―[The] Philippine society is left with no option but to deal with certain grievous offenders in a manner commensurate to the gravity, perversity, atrociousness and repugnance of their crimes.‖

Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez, one of the bill‘s co-authors, asserted that capital punishment must be revived because ―the national crime rate has grown to such alarming proportions[,] requiring an all-out offensive against all forms of felonious acts.‖ He filed the bill in accordance with President Rodrigo Duterte‘s campaign promise to return the death penalty. The problem with this, however, is that with a defective criminal justice system like that of the Philippines, reviving the death penalty is not only impracticable, but also dangerous. Further, it doesn‘t serve as an effective solution to the country‘s crime and illegal drug problems. Capital punishment, contrary to the illogical belief of its supporters, has never been proven to be an effective deterrent to crime. This is the very reason why it was abolished in the country more than a decade ago. Studies and statistics, both local and international, corroborate that the death penalty doesn‘t indicate a decline in crime rate. Moreover, it has been outlawed in 140 countries for being an inhuman and ineffective deterrent to criminality, according to Amnesty International. If the death penalty is successfully reinstated in the Philippines, the marginalized and poor who do not have the money to afford practiced lawyers are most likely to end up on death row, while wealthy criminals, who have the means to bend the law to their own advantage, will easily escape the fate of execution. Worse, since the country‘s criminal justice system–and every

existing criminal justice system–is fallible and imperfect, capital punishment will inevitably claim innocent lives. And most, if not all, of these would-be victims will come from the lower stratum of the society. In other words, a reinstated death penalty is nothing more than a legalized democide of the poor. As the late Gerald Heaney, a former American appellate judge, shrewdly put it, ―[In the death penalty, the] decision of who will live and who will die for his crime turns less on the nature of the offense and the incorrigibility of the offender and more on inappropriate and indefensible considerations: the political and personal inclinations of prosecutors; the defendant‘s wealth, race and intellect; the race and economic status of the victim; the quality of the defendant‘s counsel; and the resources allocated to defense lawyers.‖ Majority of our lawmakers are wasting the country‘s money on prioritizing futile bills which do not directly address our nation‘s real problems. They should know better than anyone that reinstating the death penalty, along with lowering the age of criminal responsibility for minors, will never deter criminality nor illegal drugs. If there is any genuine solution to the Philippines‘ crime and drug problems, it is improving the country‘s criminal justice system– increasing the liability of detection, arrest, and conviction– and, more importantly, eradicating the appalling gap between the disadvantaged masses and the ruling elite.

In defense of Millennials CONFLAGRANT DEBORAH EDOS

THE SUDDEN BURIAL OF THE LATE dictator Ferdinand Marcos has caused an uproar across the nation. Once again, we are being confronted by a nightmare that we thought was long gone and would never come back. We, Filipinos, are all well informed about the horrors inflicted during the Martial Law era--the abuse of power, suppression of freedom of expression, violence, and unjust persecution of the innocent, just to name a few. A few decades after the reign of fright and terror, we hear the cries of Marcos‘ apologists, screaming for the country to move on and mark the memory of EDSA Revolution as an insignificant lunacy.

Despite this disheartening reality, the Filipino's capability to create something humorous out of a pile of scraps makes it all bearable. Several memes and conyo/hugot inspired placards created to educate our apathetic kababayans are both witty and eyeopening. Most of the people who started this trend are young people who were not even born during the Marcos dictatorship. Yes. The Millennials or Generation Y, who are stereotyped as "lazy", "narcissistic", and "self-entitled", are the ones who are starting both virtual and real life movement against the rise of the late dictator. Filled with rage and refusal to embrace the revision of history, they surprise the Filipinos by fearlessly voicing out their opinions on social media and by marching out the streets in black clothing and tarpaulins. What fuels the fire in these young people‘s hearts is this: patriotism. One quote by Cory Booker that fits this situation goes like this: "Patriotism is love for country. You can't love your country without loving your countrymen.

We don't always have to agree, but we must empower each other, find the common ground." Not being able to witness the horrors of the Martial Law personally is not a reason to shut your mouths and pretend as if we were not being robbed in front of our eyes once again. Seeing the proof and aftermath of the oppression should be enough to make your flesh tremble with resentment. Standing up against someone who tarnished the lives of our countrymen is terrifying, but these young people would rather hear shallow retorts than sit all day without doing something to stop this shameless glorification of the despot who once persecuted our country. Some of our youth still have the same heart as Andres Bonifacio, Antonio Luna, and all our national heroes who fought for the freedom of the Filipinos. Beyond all the hashtags, selfies, and aesthetics, there is still that ray of light that says Dr. Jose Rizal was not mistaken about his often quoted statement on the young people after all. There is still hope.


FEATURES [5]

November 2016-January 2017

REMEMBERING THE FORGOTTEN The Unsung Heroes and Martyrs of Martial Law _______________________________________

LOVELY JANUYAN, DEBORAH EDOS

The sudden and surreptitious burial of the late dictator, former President Ferdinand Marcos Sr., reopened decades-long wounds. It also helped advance the historical revisionist narrative of the Marcoses on the late despot. Today, Marcos‘ bloody record of massive corruption and human rights violations— which, according to Amnesty International, had left 70,000 imprisoned, 34,000 tortured, 3,240 killed, and 1,000 enforced disappeared —is nothing but a forgotten memory to some Filipinos. In the myopic view of Marcos‘ apologists, Ferdinand Marcos, a historically and judicially proven plunderer and human rights violator, is a hero and was Philippines‘ greatest president ever, who declared Martial Law to protect his motherland, and whose regime was the country‘s golden era. Meanwhile, for the Aquino fanatics, Corazon Cojuanco Aquino, an anti-peasant heiress of the well-to-do landed Cojuangco clan, is a heroine and was the symbol of democracy, who led the overthrow of the Marcos dictatorship. The story of Martial Law has been reduced into two versions of fictitious narrative, tailored to serve the political interests of two oligarchic families: the odious Marcos and Cojuanco-Aquino clans. The real heroes and martyrs are forgotten. In response to such blatant act of historical revisionism, The Outlook remembers in this feature some of the thousands of unsung heroes and martyrs of Martial Law who, in their own ways, bravely fought the Marcos dictatorship‘s atrocities and sacrificed their lives in fighting for freedom. After all, the liberty and freedom we enjoy today were built on their ultimate sacrifices. A Genuine Heroine Liliosa Hilao was a communication arts student of the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (PLM) and was the editor-in-chief of their student publication, HASIK. During the Martial Law period, the government set rules repressing campus publications all across the country. Although her asthma may have prevented her from participating in rallies and demonstrations, as a student leader and writer, Hilao openly criticized the atrocities of the Marcos dictatorship through her essays like "The Vietnamization of the Philippines" and "Democracy is Dead in the Philippines under Martial Law."

At PLM‘s graduation ceremonies held two weeks afterward, a seat was reserved vacant for Lilli. Her degree was still conferred on her posthumously with honors. At a young age of 23, Liliosa Hilao was the first female to die in detention during the Martial Law. Doctor of the Masses Dr. Juan B. Escandor was a Filipino cancer specialist and radiologist. He was a chief resident at the Department of Radiology of the University of the Philippines (UP) Philippine General Hospital (PGH). He was also an instructor in radiology at his alma mater, the UP College of Medicine. And in 1972, he headed the research department of the Cancer Institute of the Philippines. Dr. Escandor, or Jerry to his friends, didn‘t just want to cure medical cancer--he also wanted to cure the cancer of the society. According to his close friends, Jerry was an ―indefatigable social worker,‖ who was extremely appalled at the prevailing injustices in the country, thus his serious involvement in nationalist causes during his time. He was one of the founding members of the militant student organization, the Kabataang Makabayan, where he became active in its workers' bureau. He worked among urban poor communities. In PGH, he organized institutional workers. He also led the formation of Sorsogon Progressive Movement in 1969 and helped put up the Progresibong Kilusang Medikal. During the First Quarter Storm in 1970, he was one of those who were on the forefront of the mass actions. He was also an active participant of Operasyon Tulong in 1972, which brought medical services to the flood victims in Central Luzon. When Martial Law was declared and militant groups were banned, Jerry abandoned a well-paid practice as a cancer specialist, went underground, and volunteered to serve in the rural areas in the Cagayan Valley.

Lilli, as Hilao‘s friends call her, was a consistent honor student in elementary and high school. In fact, she was due to graduate cum laude in 1973. But one evening in April that year, drunken soldiers barged into her family‘s residence in Quezon City and abducted her. Lilli demanded a search warrant, but the soldiers, who were members of the Constabulary Anti-Narcotics Unit, slapped her in response. They brought her to Camp Crame. And, the following day, Lilli was dead.

On March 30, 1983, after having dinner with friends in Caloocan City, Jerry and Yolanda Gordula, who is now a desaparacido, were never seen alive again. The military said that Escandor was slain in an encounter with constabulary troopers on April 1 in Bohol Avenue, Quezon City. However, the funeral parlor that was asked to retrieve Johnny‘s body from the PC Crime Laboratory received the call on March 31. Fifty two days after his burial, a reautopsy performed on Jerry‘s body later revealed that he underwent severe torture before he was killed. His skull was stuffed with dirty rags, socks, briefs and plastic bags, while his brain and other organs were all placed in his stomach. His head and bones were severely broken, and one of his eyes was missing. His internal organs also suffered from hematoma and hemorrhage.

The military claimed that she committed suicide by drinking muriatic acid. But the postmortem findings said otherwise: Lilli was tortured. Her mouth was full of cigarette burns, appearing to have been made a virtual ashtray. Her arms had 11 injection marks. Her body was covered with bruises. Her brain was taken out. Her stomach was torn into pieces, and parts were soaked in muriatic acid. Worst, her body was unevenly cut in half up to her vagina.

Dr. Juan Escandor was hailed as the doctor of the masses. The Radiology Department‘s library of the UP-PGH was named after him. To set as inspirations for the new generation of doctors as two martyred doctors whom they can emulate, the Health Action for Human Rights sponsors Bobby (in honor of Dr. Bobby De La Paz) and Johnny (in honor of Dr. Juan Escandor) Lecture series every year.


November 2016-January 2017

Philippines’ Poet Warrior Emmanuel Agapito "Eman" Lacaba was an award-winning writer—poet, fictionist, and playwright--and was considered as the only poet warrior of the Philippines. During his college days at the Ateneo de Manila, where he took up Humanities and served as The Guidon‘s editor, Eman began to be involved in social causes. He joined a group which fought for the Filipinization of the Ateneo‘s administrator, and was also a member of Kabataang Makbayan‘s cultural arm, Panday Sining. Before graduating, his short novel Punch and Judas won a major literary award. The novella depicted the transformation from Bohemian to activist of Felipe ―Phillip‖ Angeles, an intellectual. After finishing college, Eman taught Rizal's Life and Works at the University of the Philippines (UP). During this time, he began to become widely involved in the labor movement. He was arrested and briefly incarcerated when he joined a labor strike at a small factory in Pasig, two months before Martial Law was declared. As a result, his contract as a state university lecturer was not renewed. Afterward, he became active on stage, writing and acting plays. He also wrote the lyrics of the theme song of the film Tinimbang Ka Ngunit Kulang by Lino Brocka, and became involved in various film productions. Eman decided to go underground in Mindanao toward the end of 1974 and assumed the nom de guerre ―Popoy‖, a persona in an epic poem that he wrote before. There he served the armed revolutionary movement, where he specialized in propaganda. Popoy wrote endlessly. When out of paper to write on, he would write on the backs of cigarette tinfoil in great detail. At this time, he wrote his most remembered poem ―Open Letter to Filipino Artist‖ where he described the revolutionary movement as thus: ―"We are tribeless and all tribes are ours./We are homeless and all homes are ours./We are nameless and all names are ours./To the fascists we are the faceless enemy/Who come like thieves in the night, angels of death:/The ever moving, shining, secret eye of the storm." On March 18, 1976, in Davao del Norte, death came for Popoy. According to the book ―Six Young Filipino Martyrs‖, Eman‘s killer, as ordered by a Philippine Constabulary (now the Philippine National Police) sergeant, ―put a gun in Eman‘s mouth and pulled the trigger, sending the bullet crashing through the back of his skull. As he fell, a second bullet was fired into his chest.‖ His body was then tied around with a rope by his killer along with other soldiers. They dragged it like an animal along a rocky road in Balaag, Tucaan, and buried it in a shallow mass grave. Eman was supposed to return soon to the city for a new assignment that would have utilized his writing skills, and had even agreed to write a script for Lino Brocka once he returned there. He was 27 years old. The Pressman and his Son Primitivo Mijares was the right-hand aide of Ferdinand Marcos. He served as the government‘s chief propagandist during the late dictator‘s regime. With

FEATURES [6]

Marcos‘ support, he also served as the chairman of the Media Advisory Council and as the president of the National Press Club twice. Primitivo was said to be among the chosen few who could walk in and out of the late despot‘s office almost any time even without an appointment. Mijares was sent to the United States (US) in 1974. A year later, through a press conference in San Francisco, he formally announced his defection from the Marcos regime and became a key whistleblower against the dictatorship. Marcos offered him $50,000 so that he would not testify. But Primitivo stood firm, declined the offer, and testified before the US Congress on the human rights violations and other abuses under the regime. Marcos tried to bribe him anew; this time, the late dictator offered him $100,000 to recant his testimony. And for the second time, he refused. He later wrote the groundbreaking book, The Conjugal Dictatorship of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos, which further revealed the corruption and abuses of the Marcos dictatorship. This sealed Primitivo Mijares‘ fate. However, unbeknownst to him, it would also cost him his son's life. In 1977, Primitivo was lured to return to the Philipppines by Marcos‘ men. His son, Manuel Luis ―Boyet‖ Mijares, only 16 that time, after receiving a telephone call that his father wanted to meet him, was also lured from their home. Boyet was kidnapped. His body was later found with a bashed skull, multiple stab wounds, protruding eyeballs, and mangled genitals. Meanwhile, Primitivo‘s body has never been found again. His wife, then judge of Manila Priscilla Mijares, obtained the information that his husband was made to watch while his son was being tortured. ----------It is disheartening to note that a lot of Filipinos either do not believe or have already forgotten the horrors that the Martial Law has inflicted upon our country. Some would even argue that these victims deserved to be murdered for fighting the tyrannical government. But these unacknowledged people were condemned, tortured, and killed--not for their selfish needs, but for their burning desire to see the beauty of the Philippines be unconstrained by the shackles of the Martial Law. Some of us indulge in the freedom of expressing ourselves, whether online or in real life, to the point where we sometimes take it for granted. But while the apologists and fanatics run their mouth dry with their unnecessary bickering about whether Marcos was indeed the best president ever, or if Aquino really was the face of revolution, let‘s choose to salute and honor the real people who fought and sacrificed their lives in fighting for the freedom and liberty that we relish today. They are the unsung heroes and martyrs we must never forget. ________________________________________________________________ Sources: Bulatlat.com, Bantayog.org, BEYOND DISAPPEARANCE: Chronicles of Courage by Families of Victims of Involuntary Disappearance (FIND), Worse than death: Torture Methods during Martial Law by Don Kevin Hapal, TORTYUR: Human Rights Violations During The Marcos Regime by Michael Charleston Chua


VIEWS [7]

November 2016-January 2017

On being a transformational leader PENSARE JONAH KRISTA TULOD

“Can you be a transformational leader?” THAT QUESTION BOTHERED ME before our class started. One of my classmates actually asked me that, and seeing the embellished signage posted on the board that bore the words ―ON BEING A TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADER‖, I realized that the topic would be about leadership. Then an idea just popped out of my head and I thought, ―Am I qualified enough to become a transformational leader?‖ According to James McGregor Burns, a transformational leader not only thinks of himself, but thinks of his members above all, and together they make each other advance to a higher level of moral and motivation. As our guest speaker stated, it‘s about being a motivator of your members and how you guide them to become leader themselves.

You should not be jealous of their achievements because your main goal is to guide the team into their success. The best thing about being a leader is the impact that you will create on them, that you will be able to influence and share something good with them. My most favorite quote that our teacher mentioned was, ―Being a leader is easy and difficult. It is easy if you are born to become one, difficult if not.‖ I could attest to this because I experienced it. Most of my teachers from elementary to college never failed to mention that I was born as a leader because my classmates always relied on me to lead them. Even my college classmate told me that it‘s with my aura and personality too, that they can see and feel that I can lead and help them. At first, it was really hard because the team would be under my responsibility, but later on it became easy because the talent comes out naturally. I never realized that I‘ve already become a transformational leader until that class. My teacher added that you would never appreciate the influence that you have imparted with your members until they come back to you, thanking you for not giving up on them. Which my classmates did, they always show their gratitude to me for helping and guiding them during our activities and for motivating them when they feel

that they cannot do it. Born as a leader or not, that‘s not an issue. Even if you‘re not born as a leader, you can surely become one if you have the passion to lead and help others. It‘s a matter of practice and dedication too. If you have the passion in you, it will drive you into doing better things. Someone will surely notice that, and they will become inspired with what you do and eventually follow you. After the class, I realized that as future educators, we already possess the quality of being a transformational leader, and what we only need to have is the commitment to become one. I have concluded that I can become a transformational leader because I know that I love the job that I will be doing in the future. Teaching is a profession that needs passion, and when you love what you‘re doing, everything will follow: you will do your job well in motivating and guiding the students, respecting them, recognizing their works and helping them to make it better, and even loving them as if they‘re already a part of your family. Yes, I am positive that I can do it. Being a leader doesn‘t mean that you‘re ahead of them, but means that you‘re with them, and whatever happens, you will stick together as one to reach the success that you all wanted to attain.

MGA NAGHAHARING URI NG INTERGALACTIC TEACHERS

VICTOR HUGOT

HALLUR, MGA BES! SA AKING mashushing pananaliksik at pagoobserve, nadiskubre ko ang shampoo este sampung types ng Intergalactic Teacherets! Heto sila, in no particular order! Chos! Chickenjoy! Este enjoy! 1. Deconstructionist – walang metanarrative! Kaya walang plan sa klase. Turo lang ng turo kahit ano! 2. Idealist – plenty of ideas lumalabas sa bibig ng prof bes. Nakakalunod! Yun nga lang hindi na applicable sa panahon ngayon mga kuda nya!

3. Existentialist – valuing freedom of choice! Yun inabuso ng bata sila lagi namimili ng dynamics ng klase eh! Minsan existentialist lover na rin sa student! Haha 4. Pragmatic – disipulo ni Pierce! Sa sobrang praktikal puro practical exams lang kasi wala daw content areas yung subject pero ang totoo gusto nya lang matulog! 5. Perennialists – matanong si prof dre! Kulang na lang ay tanungin ka bakit di mo sya mahal! 6. Reconstructionist – pagbabago sa lipunan ang trip at peg nila! Peg nila ang pagbabago sa kanilang credentials. From masters degree holder to doctorate dre! Naku huwag mong kakalimutan tawagin siyang DOKTOR or else laslas pulso ka na lng dahil kumikinang na 3 or 5 grade mo!

7. Prog ressivist – makabago! Kaya puro Quipper School at Schoology na lang ang lessons! 8. Realist – realidad realidad realidad! Kaya yan puro reporting kayo! Yan daw ang reality sa college education eh! Eh di wow! 9. Essentialist – dapat may specialization. Kaya nga hindi kayo pinapasukan! Para maging expert abangers kayo! Sarap ba maghintay? Lalo na wala ka pang lovelife? Awtsu saklap! 10. Hokag ism – straight to the point! Jinojowa ang student! Hoy patay kayo sa Magna Carta! Editor’s note: This article is a lampoon column, and should be therefore taken no more than as such. All characters and other entities appearing in this work are fictional. Any resemblance to actual persons, living or dead, or actual events is purely coincidental.


NEWS [8]

November 2016-January 2017

OSA conducts univ-wide campus journ seminar _______________________________________

OUTLOOK NEWS STAFF

The Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Muntinlupa (PLMun) Office of Student Affairs (OSA) successfully conducted its first ever Campus Journalism Seminar, Jan. 13 to 14, with the theme "A Catalyst for Good Governance and Transformative Education Campaign" at Eurotel Las Piñas. Campus journalists from student publications in PLMun attended the two-day seminar. Among the campus publications present in the seminar were The Warden, The Outlook of the College of Teacher Education (CTE), The Equipoise of the College of Criminal Justice (CCJ), and the newly established Quintessence of the College of Business Administration (CBA). Colleges without student publications such as the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) and the College of Information Technology and Computer Studies (CITCS) sent student representatives who are expected to establish student organs in their respective colleges. De La Salle University - Dasmariñas (DLSUD) Professor Victor Immanuel Cuarto, the seminar's resource speaker for day one, discussed how campus journalism can serve as a catalyst for change, where he also recalled his

experiences as a campus journalist during his college days. "Nakakarelate ako sa inyo, noong panahon ko as editor ng publication namin, may time din na pinapatawag ako ng school administration dahil sa mga sinulat ko," he said in jest. Prof. Cuarto's lecture was followed by an activity where the student journalists answered in their own creative ways, provided with only manila paper and permanent marker, the questions on campus journalism's role as a catalyst for change in the university and the challenges that they face. Other campus journos presented their answers through skits and illustrations. In The Outlook's presentation, Outlook Editor-in-Chief Jessie Raymundo, with the use of a manila paper dummy of The Outlook newspaper which his staffers helped make, emphasized the roles and responsibilities of the campus press through sample headlines, editorial cartoon, and the publication's motto. "As the campus press, we have the power to influence our readers' views on current events and sociopolitical issues. We should therefore use this power to enlighten the students on issues that matter, engage them in an intellectual

discourse, and promote a culture of encounter," Raymundo stressed. "Campus journalism isn't just about covering pageants, ribbon-cuttings, seminars, and other campus events; it's more than that. As student journos, we should seek the truth and serve the students, the voiceless," he added. On the second day, the couple BG Hernandez of Studio 5 Designs and Jhoanna Hernandez of Juggernautmedia talked about proactivity and advocacy campaign of campus journalism and transformative journalism campaign in the digital world, respectively. Mr. and Mrs. Hernandez both suggested that "positive content over negative content" should be maximized in publishing stories. To formally end the seminar, OSA Director Dr. Rowena Dela Cruz delivered the closing remarks, in which she expressed her hope that the two-day seminar on campus journalism has influenced the participants to change the way they write. "Sana marami kayong natutunan. At pagkatapos nitong seminar, umaasa akong magbago na ang mga nakasulat sa inyong mga campus papers," Dr. Dela Cruz said.

LIVIN’ ON A PRAYER. Students read the “Scripture of the Day” at the University Quadrangle, Jan. 2 3, during the flag raising ceremony. (PLMun)


KOMIX [9]

November 2016-January 2017

MAHILIG KA BA? SUMULAT, GUMUHIT, MAGLAPAT, O KUMUHA NG LARAWAN? O MAY INTERES MATUTO SA KAHIT ANUMAN SA MGA NABANGGIT? SUMALI SA THE OUTLOOK! MATAGAL KA NA NAMING HINAHANAP! I-TEXT MO KAMI: 09060219705 O I-PRIVATE MESSAGE: FB.COM/THEOUTLOOKPUBLICATION


INKLING [10]

November 2016-January 2017

To be or not to be? _______________________________________

JONAH KRISTA TULOD

ILLUSTRATION BY JOHN CARLO MANARANG

“What makes you decide to take an education course?” “Why teach?” “It’s a very risky and tiring job!” “You won’t get rich when you’re a teacher!”

And s o on and so forth. We all have our own s hare of comments from people who question us on taking the teaching course. Someti mes i t makes you think twice a bout the track that you took. In my ca se, I even questioned myself a l ot of times why I took this course. For s omeone who didn’t consider teaching as a ca reer, i t was hard. Indulging i nto something that you’re not passionate a bout is such a s truggle. More often, I doubted myself –will I ever become a n effective educator when I don’t even have my heart in it? It i s believed that when you a re being ca lled for s omething, that’s where you will fit and perform best. That’s exa ctl y what happened to me. I took the road to teaching half-heartedly, but during the journey I realized that this is where I’m destined to be. Currently on my practicum, I was able to contemplate that being a teacher is i ndeed a fulfilling job. It’s beyond the salary a nd the prestige; i t is more on the experiences and memories that one will gain i n the profession. While the workload is too much a nd the pressure i s huge, teaching is really the best job in the world. Seeing the s tudents l earn a nd reach their full potentials is something to be truly proud of. Being a ble to hone young minds and to touch lives feels great. You get to cons tantly l earn new skills and build positive relationship with everyone. People look up to you and seek for a dvice a nd guidance. But what does it take to become an effective professional teacher? 

Being an effective professional teacher comes with

compassion, commitment, and competence. Compa ssion- a true professional teacher must possess a compa ssionate heart. A tea cher must have a natural quality to empa thize with people. In a classroom full of students with diverse cul ture and different personalities, they need a hero. Someone who can understand them and whom they ca n reach out i n times of trouble. The s tudents need a person who is willing to lend a helping hand when needed. Commi tment- a s we always hear from the teachers thems elves, the job is not a piece of ca ke. It requires your full effort, pa ti ence, a nd ti me. Teachers should be determined to s ucceed and be s teadfast with their goals. They s hould have the passion in teaching. Competence- you cannot teach what you don’t know, ri ght? A tea cher s hould be the Jack or Jill of a ll tra des, and must be i nnovative a t a l l ti mes; s omeone who is i ntelligent a nd is willing to learn new things. It i s a lso a must for a teacher to be updated with the latest trends that the s tudents a re into. We ma y never know when the students will a sk a bout One Di rection or EXO or Ari ana Gra nde. It's a lways better to be ready tha n be s orry.

An effective professional teacher learns from his/her mistakes and uses them to become better.

Certa i nly, there are ti mes that a teacher may feel pressured a nd have committed mistakes, but it s hould never become a hindrance for them to become a true professional teacher. As the s aying goes, there will always be a room for i mprovement. 

An effective professional teacher upholds everything that is stated on the Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers.

It i s very vi tal to follow the s aid ethical code for i t signifies wha t a professional teacher s hould be. It guides a nd helps the teachers to grow i n the profession. In addition, a teacher s hould focus on the wel fare of the learners. Get to motivate the s tudents to l earn and make the l earning enjoyable for them. Make them feel welcome and at ease. Never gi ve up on our young people because they need us the most. These a re just some of the few points about teaching that I encountered myself. Not that much, but I’m sure that I will gain more va l uable and memorable experiences once I become a certified teacher. Sha kespeare once asked: “To be or not to be?” And my a nswer i s: I will BE. I a m now confident to become a n effective professional teacher. How a bout you? Are you ready to ta ke the challenge?


PHOTO BY JAN KHIM GAMORA

A Dictator’s Discourse _______________________________________

DEBORAH EDOS

History is written by the victors.

Nothing ever mattered;

And I, for one,

My disgusting secrets

Am not.

Were never found.

The Outlook Just like how people

History is written by the victors.

See chaos and madness,

And I, for one,

I am insignificant.

Am not.

Seek the truth. Empower the voiceless. EDITORIAL BOARD 2016-2017 E D I T OR -I N -CH I E F

Jessie Isaiah Raymundo A S S OCI A T E E D I T OR

Deborah Edos

Those who witnessed me

But like a demon

Would rather turn

Paralyzing you

Lovely Januyan

The blind eye;

In your slumber,

Jonah Krista Tulod

M A N A G I N G E D I T OR

VI E W S E D I T OR

A RT S E D I T OR

Brian Jude Burabod

For I am cruel,

I am rather forgotten,

I am morbid,

Buried, like the rotten bodies

I am insane.

That were concealed.

STAFF CORRE S P ON D E N T S

Inah Mae Esteban Joy Abegail Calda RE S I D E N T G RA P H I C A RT I S T

Jezreel Landingin

With a rucksack

An urban legend;

On my head,

Am I real?

RE S I D E N T I LLU S T RA T OR

John Carlo Manarang T E CH N I CA L A D VI S E R

Prof. Josephine M. Montero

I pointed fingers.

Am I a figment of the mind? DEA N

Prof. Danilo B. Solayao, Ed.D.

_____________________ Were you guilty? Was I mad?

Nothing ever mattered,

Was I just? And you,

As I lie in a bronze casket,

Deserving?

My sins buried six feet deep.

OFFICE 4th Floor, Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Muntinlupa, NBP Reservation, Brgy. Poblacion, Muntinlupa City EMAIL theoutlookpublication@gmail.com WEBSITES

Shots fired,

History is written by the victors,

facebook.com/TheOutlookPublication/ issuu.com/theoutlook

Tongues twisted,

By heroes,

MEMBER College Editors Guild of the Philippines

And teeth pulled one by one.

And I, for one, am not.

ABOUT THE COVER

Cover Design by Jessie Raymundo


The Outlook - Nov. 2016 - Jan. 2017