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Organic farmer.qxp

11/16/2005

6:19 PM

Page 1

The Organic Farmer Dear farmers,

Farmers lose a lot due to poor storage.

(Photo courtesy of ICIPE)

Early harvesting and good storage can reduce losses and increase earnings for farmers. The Organic Farmer

Early harvesting is the answer

In this issue Working for African Farmers Page 2 Importance of Nitrogen Page 3 Associated plants Page 8

See page 3

This is the last issue of the The Organic Farmer this year. In the last 12 months, many of you have faced a number of challenges in your efforts to increase agricultural production, both for food selfsufficiency and for sale. Despite it being the festive season, many farmers are already engaged in harvesting maize and related food crops. That's why we have given additional tips on maize storage. It will be most unfortunate if farmers lose their precious crop after working so hard during the last 12 months. Now the year is coming to an end. What does it mean to you? First of all it is helpful and always important that farmers take stock of failures and achievements. This gives you an opportunity to evaluate yourself so as to perform even better in the coming year to avoid the same mistakes. The decisions you make today will have consequences tomorrow. After selling farm produce, farmers need to focus sharply on the tasks ahead. A lot of financial requirements will be waiting for you, such as land preparation, farm inputs and even paying school fees in the month of January. You may also have various debts that need to be settled. All these obligations mean that you have to plan properly in order to meet all these responsibilities. Everyyear farmerswho do not prepare their activities carefully are caught up in a vicious cycle of problems. Planning is an important step to avoid troubles later in the year. Careful choice of what to plant and where to plant is essential; not all plants like each other, as you can see on page 8. If a particular crop has not done well this year, the farmer has to find out the reason for the failure and make the necessary changes - of course not forgetting what the market demands. We arelookingforward to a fruitfuland rewarding relationship with you in the coming year. We should not forget that agriculture is the backbone of this country's economy. Let us work togetherto increase production in a sustainable way that uplifts the living standards of our people. We wish all our readers and their families a happy holiday season and a prosperous New Year.


Organic farmer.qxp

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11/16/2005

6:20 PM

The Organic Farmer

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MY OPINION

By John Miriti

Whenever I introduce myself as a farmer to other people, the reaction I get is that of somebody who is way down the career ladder. This is despite the fact that we farmers play a very important role in Kenya's economy. We should be proud of our occupation and let other people know this fact. It is from the work of our hands that millions of our people get something to eat. Otherwise they would not survive. Farmers are hardworking and self-employed. It is so satisfying to work on the land. It is what makes me to be proud as a farmer.

John Miriti is farmer in Meru.

The Organic Farmer Nr. 8, December 2005 The Organic Farmer is an independent newspaper for the Kenyan farming community. It promotes organic farming and supports discussions on all aspects of sustainable development. The Organic Farmer is published monthly by ICIPE and distributed free to farmers. The reports of The Organic Farmer do not necessarily reflect the views of ICIPE. The Organic Farmer is sponsored by BioVision, a Swiss based foundation for the promotion of sustainable development. www.biovision.ch Publisher International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE) P.O.Box 30772, 00100 Nairobi KENYA Tel. +254 20 863 2000 e-mail: icipe@icipe.org homepage: http://www.icipe.org Editors Peter Kamau, Peter Baumgartner Secretariat Lucy W. Macharia Advisory Board Dr. Bernhard Lรถhr, ICIPE Dr. Nguya Maniania, ICIPE Dr. Fritz Schulthess, ICIPE Address The Organic Farmer P.O.Box 14352, 00800 Nairobi KENYA Tel. 020 445 03 98 e-mail : info@organickenya.com Layout: In-A-Vision Systems(k)

+%+2'CUUKUVKPI#HTKECPHCTOGTU ICIPE will strengthen the cooperation with African universities to promote agriculture in Africa. The Organic farmer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Dr. Christian Borgemeister IQQFCPFVJGDGPGHKVQH VJGRGQRNGKP #HTKEC CPF GURGEKCNN[ HQT VJG #HTKECP HCTOGTU 6JCV KU YJ[ &T $QTIGOGKUVGT CVVTKDWVGU C ITGCV XCNWG VQ VJG PGYURCRGT The Organic Farmer RWDNKUJGF D[ +%+2' 5EKGPVKUVU ECP UJCTG VJGKT MPQYNGFIG YKVJ VJG HCTOGTU CPF VJG HCTOGTU ECP UGG VJG EQOOKVOGPV QH VJG UEKGPVKUVU YJGP VJG[ CTG VT[KPI VQ UQNXG VJG HCTOGTlU RTQDNGOU Fight against malaria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lU OKUUKQP KU VQ JGNR CNNGXKCVG RQXGTV[ GPUWTGHQQFUGEWTKV[CPFKORTQXGVJG QXGTCNNJGCNVJUVCVWUQH RGQRNGUQH VJG VTQRKEU D[ FGXGNQRKPI CPF GZVGPFKPI OCPCIGOGPV VQQNU CPF UVTCVGIKGU HQT JCTOHWNCPFWUGHWNCTVJTQRQFU YJKNG RTGUGTXKPI VJG PCVWTCN TGUQWTEG DCUG VJTQWIJ TGUGCTEJ CPF ECRCEKV[ DWKNFKPI 6JQUGCTGEJCNNGPIKPIIQCNU UC[U &T $QTIGOGKUVGT GURGEKCNN[YJGPYG NQQMCVCNNQH VJGOVQIGVJGT $WVVJG GHHQTVKUYQTVJYJKNG


Organic farmer.qxp

11/16/2005

6:20 PM

Page 3

The Organic Farmer

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(CTOGTUECPGCUKN[TGFWEGUVQTCIGNQUUGU With simple storage measures farmers can keep away pests and can avoid the destruction of their precious harvest . By The Organic Farmer *CTXGUVKPICVVJGTKIJVVKOGCPFWUKPI VJG CRRTQRTKCVG UVQTCIG OGVJQFU ECP ITGCVN[ TGFWEG NQUUGU FWG VQ KPUGEV RGUVU TQFGPVU CPF FGXGNQROGPV QH OQWNF 6JGUG CTG VJG DKIIGUV VJTGCVU VQ HCTOGTU KP VJGKT GHHQTVU VQ IGV C IQQFJCTXGUV #UYGYTQVGQPRCIG HCTOGTU UJQWNF GPUWTG OCK\G KU JCTXGUVGF KOOGFKCVGN[ KV OCVWTGU 9JCV GNUG ECP VJG[ FQ VQ UCXG VJGKT OCK\G! Careful preparation Sorting: 6JGETQRUJQWNFDGUQTVGFVQ TGOQXG VJG EQDU VJCV JCXG CNTGCF[ DGGPFCOCIGFD[KPUGEVUCPFOKNFGY

OQWNF  5VWFKGU JCXG UJQYP VJCV UQTVKPIJGNRUVQTGFWEGVJGCOQWPVQH FCOCIGD[WRVQRGTEGPV Drying: +VKUCNYC[UIQQFVQFT[OCK\G DGHQTGKVKUUVQTGF /CK\GEQDUUJQWNF DGNGHVVQFT[KPVJGUWPHQTCVNGCUVQPG QTVYQFC[U Shelling: #PQVJGT UVGR VQ RTQVGEV OCK\GKUVQUJGNNKV 5JGNNKPIKUVJGDGUV YC[VQEJGEMRGUVFCOCIG 2GUVURTGHGT OCK\G YJKNG KV KU UVKNN QP VJG EQD DGECWUGKVKUGCUKGTHQTVJGOVQOQXG CTQWPF VJG EQDU +H C HCTOGT JCU VQ CRRN[RGUVKEKFGU KVKUOQTGGHHGEVKXGKP UJGNNGF OCK\G #HVGT UJGNNKPI OCK\G UJQWNFDGFTKGFKPVJGUWPHQTVQ FC[U 6JKU UJQWNF DTKPI VJG OQKUVWTG EQPVGPV VQ  RGTEGPV YJKEJ KU VJG DGUV OQKUVWTG NGXGN HQT NQPIVGTO UVQTCIG Storage: +H [QWJCXGVQDWKNFCUVQTG KV UJQWNF JCXG CFGSWCVG URCEG HQTCKT EKTEWNCVKQPCVVJGNQYGTGPFCPFGXGP OQTGURCEGKPVJGWRRGTRCTV +PFGGF VJGUVQTGUJQWNFJCXGCVNGCUVVQ RGTEGPV QRGP URCEG HQT VJG UVQTGF EGTGCNU VQ FT[ RTQRGTN[ 6JG UVQTG RNCVHQTOUJQWNFDGTCKUGFWRVQQT HGGV QT  OGVTG  QHH VJG ITQWPF VQ CNNQY HQT CKT EKTEWNCVKQP &Q PQV HQTIGVVJCVCKTEKTEWNCVKQPFKUEQWTCIGU RGUVUYJKEJNKMGCYCTOGPXKTQPOGPV +H [QW WUG C UVQTG YJKEJ KU CNTGCF[ DWKNV VJQTQWIJ ENGCPKPI KU TGEQOOGPFGF 6JKUYKNNGPUWTGVJCVCNN TGOCKPU QH VJG RTGXKQWU JCTXGUV YJKEJEQWNFDGKPHGUVGFD[YGGXKNU CTG TGOQXGFCPFFGUVTQ[GF 9GGXKNUTGUKFG KP ETCEMU KP VJG YQQF KP VJG UVQTG 6JG[ECPUWTXKXGVJGTGWPVKNVJGPGZV JCTXGUV CPF VJGTGHQTG PGGF VQ DG TGOQXGFDGHQTGHTGUJITCKPKUUVQTGF Fumigation: (CTOGTU CTG CFXKUGF VQ

This type of maize storage encourages pests HWOKICVG VJG UVQTGU DGHQTG UVQTCIG

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Organic farmer.qxp

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11/16/2005

6:21 PM

The Organic Farmer

Page 4

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(CTOGTUDGPGHKVHTQOITQYVJCEVKXCVQT The activator is helping farmers get better results and strengthen plants to withstand diseases and even pests. By Peter Kamau, Kangema +H CP[QPGYGTGVQENCKOVJCVQTICPKE KPRWVU UWEJ CU EQORQUV CTG UNQY KP RTQOQVKPIRNCPVITQYVJEQORCTGFVQ EJGOKECN HGTVKNK\GTU [GCT QNF 4QUGOCT[ 0[CODWTC YQWNF NCWIJ KV QHH 6JG OQVJGT QH UKZ EJKNFTGP KU COQPIJWPFTGFUQH HCTOGTUKPEGPVTCN RTQXKPEGCPFVJGTGUV QH VJGEQWPVT[ YJQ JCXG FKUEQXGTGF VJG WUG QH 'HHGEVKXG/KETQQTICPKUOU '/  C UQNWVKQP QH DGPGHKEKCN DCEVGTKC VJCV JGNRVQURGGFWRVJGFGEQORQUKVKQPQH QTICPKE OCVVGT YJKNG TGNGCUKPI GUUGPVKCN PWVTKGPVU HQT WUG D[ RNCPVU 6JG '/ VGEJPQNQI[ KU EJCPIKPI HQTVWPGU HQT OCP[ HCTOGTU YJQ CTG PQYWUKPIKVHQTOCP[RWTRQUGUQPVJG HCTOVQKPETGCUGRTQFWEVKQP Compost decays faster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ield has increased (TQO VJGP HCTOKPI JCU PGXGT DGGP VJGUCOGCICKPHQT0[CODWTC 6QFC[

Dear farmers, 5Q OCP[ HCTOGTU CTG ECNNKPI YKVJ GPSWKTKGU QP YJGTG VJG[ ECP DW[ QTICPKE HGTVKNK\GTU CPF ITQYVJ CEVKXCVQTU UWEJ CU RJ[OKZ DKQCNIGPG PGGOCPF'/CUYGNN $GIKPPKPI ,CPWCT[  The Organic Farmer YKNN ECTT[ C UGTKGU QH CTVKENGU IKXKPIFGVCKNUKPENWFKPIKPUVTWEVKQPUQP VJGKT RTQRGT WUCIG +H [QW JCXG CP[ SWGUVKQPU RNGCUG HQTYCTF VJGO VQ WU CPFYGYKNNVT[VQTGURQPF

Rosemary Nyambura shows her healthy passion fruits. (Photo TOF) UJG KU QPG QH VJG OQUV UWEEGUUHWN HWVWTGRWTEJCUGU HCTOGTU KP -CPIGOC FKXKUKQP QH 6JG IQQF VJKPI YKVJ QTICPKE /WTCPICFKUVTKEV 6JGETQRUKPJGT HCTOKPIKUVJCV+WUGOCVGTKCNYJKEJKU CETGHCTOUJQYYJCVVJGCEVKXCVQTECP TGCFKN[ CXCKNCDNG QP VJG HCTO 6JG FQVQETQRUKH KVKURTQRGTN[WUGF *GT RTQDNGOYKVJOCP[HCTOGTUYJQWUG CETG OCTMGV ICTFGP KU KPVGTETQRRGF EJGOKECN HGTVKNK\GTU CPF RGUVKEKFGU KU YKVJ JGCNVJ[ RCUUKQP HTWKVU QPKQPU VJCVVJG[FQPQVUKVFQYPVQHKPFQWV VWTPKRU EQWTIGVVGU ECDDCIGU VJG EQUV QH VJGUG KPRWVU +H VJG[ FKF UWMWOCYKMK ECRUKEWOUCPFKORTQXGF VJG[YQWNFFKUEQXGTVJCVEQPXGPVKQPCN RWORMKPU #JCNHCETGKUTGUGTXGFHQT CITKEWNVWTG KU OWEJOQTG GZRGPUKXG OCK\G YJKNG VJG WRRGT UGEVKQP KU C UJGUC[U ECVVNG UJGF YKVJ  FCKT[ EQYU VJCV Marketing organics a big problem RTQXKFG HCTO[CTF OCPWTG YJKNG VJG 0QYVJGOCKPJCPFKECRHQTVJGITQWR TGOCKPKPICETGUCTGWPFGTVGC KUHKPFKPIOCTMGVHQTVJGKTXGIGVCDNGU 5JG JCU UGGP C ITGCVKORTQXGOGPV #NVJQWIJVJG[JCXG RTQFWEGF SWCNKV[ QP VJG RTQFWEVKXKV[ QH VJG XCTKQWU XGIGVCDNGU CPF HTWKVU HQT VJG NCUV HKXG ETQRUQPVJGHCTO +WUGFVQJCTXGUV [GCTU PQVCUKPINGDW[GTJCUGZRTGUUGF QPN[DCIUQH OCK\G NCUV[GCT+IQV CPKPVGTGUVKPVJGO #UCTGUWNVVJG[CTG DCIU QP VJG UCOG RKGEG QH NCPF /[ HQTEGFVQEQORGVGYKVJEQPXGPVKQPCNN[ ECDDCIGUPQYYGKIJCPCXGTCIG QH  ITQYPUWDUVKVWVGU MICRKGEG 6JGOQUVKPVGTGUVKPIVJKPI Need for certification YKVJQTICPKEHCTOKPIKUVJCVVJG[KGNF )GQHHTG[-KTCIW CPQVJGTOGODGT MGGRU QP KPETGCUKPI GXGT[ [GCT $[ UC[U VJCV YKVJ VJG PGY OGVJQF QH GCVKPI QTICPKE HQQFU O[ JGCNVJ JCU QTICPKERTQFWEVKQP VJGITQWRKUCDNG KORTQXGFVQQUJGUC[U VQ UWRRN[CP[SWCPVKV[QH QTICPKECNN[ 9KVJVJGGZVTCEVUJGJCUOCPCIGFVQ ITQYP KVGOU *G UCKF VJG[ JCF EQPVTQN OCP[ RGUVU CPF FKUGCUGU VJCV TGURQPFGFVQCPCFXGTVKUGOGPVKPThe YGTG FKHHKEWNV VQ EQPVTQN GXGP YKVJ Organic Farmer D[ 5W -CJWODW VJG EJGOKECNU #PQVJGTDKICFXCPVCIGUJG HCTOGT HTQO.KOWTWYJQ ITQYU CPF JCUFKUEQXGTGFYKVJVJGWUGQH '/KU UWRRNKGU QTICPKE XGIGVCDNGU VQ NQECN VJCV ETQR TGUKFWGU URTC[GF YKVJ VJG UWRGTOCTMGVU 5JG CNUQ CPUYGTU UQNWVKQPFGEQORQUGHCUV 6JGTGUKFWG HCTOGTU SWGUVKQPU QP RCIG   KU TGCFKN[ EQPXGTVGF KPVQ SWCNKV[ -CJWODW JCF CFXKUGF VJGO VJCV HQT EQORQUVVJCVECPPQVVTCPUHGTFKUGCUGU VJGKT RTQFWEVU VQ DG CEEGRVGF CU HTQO QPG ETQR VQ VJG PGZV 5JG JCU QTICPKE VJGKT HCTOU JCXG VQ DG CNUQ TGFWEGF VJG PWODGT QH ETQR KPURGEVGFD[SWCNKHKGFQTICPKEHCTOKPI TQVCVKQPE[ENGUKPGCEJRQTVKQPQH NCPF GZRGTVUYJQYQWNF VJGP IKXG VJGO C 6JKU KU DGECWUG VJG UQKN HGTVKNKV[ KU EGTVKHKECVGVQUJQYVJCVVJGKTOGVJQFU OCKPVCKPGF CPF GPJCPEGF YJKNG QH RTQFWEVKQP OGGV VJG TGSWKTGF FKUGCUGUCPFRGUVUCTGEQPVTQNNGF KPVGTPCVKQPCN UVCPFCTFU HQT QTICPKE Local material HQQFU $WV -KTCIW UC[U VJG[ FQ PQV 6JG  OGODGTU EQNNGEV OQPG[ CPF WPFGTUVCPFVJGRTQEGFWTGUKPXQNXGFQT DW[VJG'/LQKPVN[ CNKVTG EQUVU -UJ VJG RGQRNG YJQ RTQXKFG EGTVKHKECVKQP   VJG[VJGPRTGRCTGVJG(2'CUC UGTXKEGU ITQWR CPF WUG KV KP VJGKT KPFKXKFWCN 1WTRTQDNGOKULWUVVJGOCTMGV 9G HCTOU 6JG TGOCKPKPI ECUJ KU JQRGVJCVQPGFC[YGYKNNDGCDNGVQ FGRQUKVGF KP VJG ITQWRlU CEEQWPV HQT UGNNNQECNN[CPFGXGPGZRQTV JGCFFU


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The Organic Farmer

9J[PKVTQIGPKUIQQFHQTOCK\G

Maize planted in soil with high nitrogen UEKGPVKUVUFKUEQXGTGFVJCVOCK\GKPVJG does not only grow better, it is TQVCVKQPU[UVGO KK JCF VKOGU more resistant against the stemborer. OQTGUVGODQTGTURGTRNCPVEQORCTGF

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KK YJGTGOCK\GYCURNCPVGFKPHKGNFU DGVVGT 6JGKPETGCUGFPWVTKVKQPCNUVCVWU YJGTGCITCKPNGIWOG UWEJCUEQYRGC QH VJG RNCPVU NGCF VQ CP KPETGCUG KP QT UQ[C DGCP   JCF DGGP RNCPVGF VJG UVGODQTGTCVVCEMUCVVJGGCTN[UVCIGQH RTGXKQWUUGCUQP TQVCVKQP ITQYVJ DWV CNUQ VQ KORTQXGF

KKK  YJGTG OCK\G YCU KPVGTETQRRGF RNCPV RNCPV XKIQWT UVTGPIVJ  TGUWNVKPI YKVJ RKIGQP RGC XGNXGV DGCP DQVJ HKPCNN[ KP C PGV DGPGHKV HQT VJG RNCPV NGIWOGU  CPF JKIJGT ITCKP [KGNF 6JG JKIJGUV

KX YJGTGOCK\GYCURNCPVGFKPCHKGNF OCK\G [KGNFU YGTG QDVCKPGF YJGP VJCVYCUNGHVVQDWUJHCNNQY PQETQRU OCK\GYCUKPVGTETQRRGFYKVJCNGIWOG VJGRTGXKQWUUGCUQP ITQWPFEQXGT KKK  %QORCTGFVQVJGEQPVKPWQWUOCK\G Nitrogen the decisive factor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lUCDKNKV[ VQEQORGPUCVGHQTDQTGTFCOCIG ;KGNFNQUUYCUNGUUYKVJCPKPETGCUGKP PKVTQIGPCRRNKECVKQP  6JGTG YCU PQV C DKI FKHHGTGPEG DGVYGGP VJG HKGNF YJGTG RGUVKEKFGU YGTG WUGF CPF VJG QPG YKVJQWV RGUVKEKFGUKPVGTOUQH [KGNF 6JG CPCN[UKU QH VJG GEQPQOKE DGPGHKVU QH CRRN[KPI HGTVKNK\GT CPF KPUGEVKEKFG VTGCVOGPV UJQYU VJG HQNNQYKPI 7UKPI KPUGEVKEKFGU KU PQV RTQHKVCDNGYJGPVJGUQKNSWCNKV[KUXGT[ RQQT UC[U +%+2' UEKGPVKUV &T (TKV\ Beans provide maize with nitrogen. (TOF) 5EJWNVJGUU 6JG UQKN SWCNKV[ CPF VJG By Felix Mbitu Murimi

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The Organic Farmer

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0T &GEGODGT

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he Organic Farmer TGCFGTU  5WDWMKC 6JKU KPFKECVGUETQUUUJCTKPIQH KPHQTOCVKQP DGVYGGP UQOG HCTOGTU QWV VJGTG YJKEJ KU LWUV HCPVCUVKE VQ MPQY %QPITCVWNCVKQPU VQ [QW 5JCTKPI QH

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The Organic Farmer 21$QZ 0CKTQDK -'0;# 6GN  GOCKN KPHQ"QTICPKEMGP[CEQO

UGGFNKPIU NKMG [QWPI EJKNFTGP TGSWKTG VGPFGT ECTG YJKNG KP VJG PWTUGT[ 0WVTKVKQPOWUVDGGCUKN[CEEGUUKDNGCPF KU DGUV RTQXKFGF VJTQWIJ OCVWTG EQORQUV EQODKPGF KP VJG UGGFDGF YKVJVJGUQKN Watch the soil... #UVJGTGCTGOCP[V[RGUQH UQKNUCPF FKHHGTGPEGUKPHGTVKNKV[YKVJKPVJGUCOG QPG OWUV LWFIG VJG COQWPV QH EQORQUVD[VJGHGGN UOGNNCPFEQNQWT QH VJGUQKN 1PGCKOUVQETGCVGCFCTM JGCNVJ[ UGGFDGF UQKN YKVJ JKIJ QTICPKEEQPVGPV ETWODN[VGZVWTGCPF IQQFYCVGTJQNFKPIECRCEKV[ 6JGHKPCN OKZVWTG QH UQKN CPF EQORQUV OWUV UOGNN XGT[ GCTVJ[ 1HHGPUKXG QFQWTU UWIIGUV EQORQUV VJCV JCU PQV HWNN[ TQVVGFCPFYKNNETGCVGRTQDNGOUKPVJG UGGFDGF 5GGFDGFU OWUV PGXGT FT[ QWV EQORNGVGN[ CPF OC[ DGPGHKV HTQO UNKIJVOWNEJKPIWPVKNVJGGOGTIGPEGQH VJG[QWPIRNCPVU (GGFKPIQH UGGFNKPIU KUPQVPGEGUUCT[KH UGGFNKPIUCTGVQDG VTCPURNCPVGF DGVYGGP  VQ  FC[U *QYGXGT YGGMN[ HGGFKPI XKC C OKNF NKSWKF EQORQUV VGC KU PGEGUUCT[ HQT UGGFNKPIUCPFEWVVKPIUQH HTWKVVTGGU  VTGGUGVE VJCVTGSWKTGCNQPIGTUVC[KP VJGPWTUGT[ ...and watch the seedlings carefully .QECVKQP QH PWTUGTKGU KU XGT[ KORQTVCPV +FGCNN[ VJG[ UJQWNF DG NQECVGF KP C EQQN CTGC CU ENQUG CU RQUUKDNGVQCYCVGTUQWTEG +H RQUUKDNG VJG[UJQWNFCNUQDGRTQVGEVGFHTQOVJG GNGOGPVUD[CNQYHGPEKPICPFRQUUKDN[ C VJCVEJ QT PGV EQXGTKPI (QT UQOG QFFTGCUQP O[FQIUIKXGPVJGEJCPEG WUGUGGFDGFUVQFKICPFRNC[KP 1PGCTGCOQUVQXGTNQQMGFKPHCTOKPI KUVJGVKOGQH VTCPURNCPVKPI 5GGFNKPIU NGHVKPVJGUGGFDGFHQTVQQNQPIOC[ NQQMJGCNVJ[CPFUVTQPIJQYGXGTVJG[ YKNN DCVVNG OQUV YJGP VTCPURNCPVGF /CMG UWTG VQ FCVG[QWT UGGFDGFU UQ VJCV[QWTGOGODGTYJGPVQVTCPURNCPV VJG UGGFNKPIU # YGGM QH FGNC[ KU CEEGRVCDNG CP[ NQPIGT   CPF [QW CNTGCF[JCXGCEQORTQOKUGFRNCPVVJCV YKNNUVTWIINGVQTGCEJKVlUHWNNRQVGPVKCN #PQVJGTOWEJQXGTNQQMGFRTQDNGO YJKEJQTKIKPCVGUKPVJGUGGFDGFKUVJCV

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The Organic Farmer

.GVVGTUVQVJGGFKVQT Please send us some more copies %QPITCVWNCVKQPU HQT VJG IQQF LQD QH 6JG 1TICPKE (CTOGT GFKVQTKCN VGCO 6QVJGDGUVQH O[MPQYNGFIGKVlUVJG QPN[ QPG QH KVU MKPF + JCXG EQOG CETQUU 2*%& 1TVWO 2TKOCT[ *GCNVJ %CTG CPF &GXGNQROGPV 2TQITCOOG  KU CP QTICPK\CVKQP KP 9GUV 2QMQV &KUVTKEV YQTMKPI YKVJ OCTIKPCNK\GF HCTOGTU CPF RCUVQTCNKUV KP CITKEWNVWTG NKXGUVQEM CPF YCVGT FGXGNQROGPV +VKUKPVJKUTGICTFVJCV YGCTGTGSWGUVKPIHQTEQRKGUQH [QWT XGT[ KPHQTOCVKXG CPF GFWECVKXG PGYURCRGTQPUWUVCKPCDNGCITKEWNVWTG + LWUV ECOG CETQUU VJKU CTVKENG 0T  #WIWUVHTQOCHTKGPF 5QRNGCUG KH YGECPIGVCVNGCUVCEQR[QH GCEJQH VJG RTGXKQWU KUUWGU CPF VJGP DG IGVVKPIEQRKGUGPQWIJHQTHCTOKPI ITQWRUKPQWTYQTMKPICTGCYKNNDGC

Interested in organic farming + JGTGD[ YKUJ VQ UWDUETKDG VQ [QWT OCIC\KPG + JCXG C PCVWTCN KPVGTGUV KP PCVWTG CPF PCVWTCN HQQFU + CO CNUQ CYCTG QH VJG FCPIGT QH HQQF ETQRU ITQYPWPFGTEJGOKECNEQPFKVKQPU +CO CNUQ IKXKPI CYCTGPGUU QH VJG UCOG VQ O[ HGNNQY OGODGTU QH VJG ITQWR 6JCPMUKPCFXCPEG &CXKF5VGXG1UKCMQ 7OQLC(QTGUV)TQWR 21 $QZ -GUQIQP

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RNCPVQPN[UVTQPIJGCNVJ[UGGFNKPIU #PFHKPCNN[ FQPQVQXGTYCVGTUGGF DGFU WPNGUU [QWT RNCPVU CTG CSWCVKE VJG[ FQ PQV PGGF VQ DG RGTOCPGPVN[ YGV 6JKUKPJKDKVUICUGQWUGZEJCPIGCV VJG TQQV JCKTU CPF TGUWNVU KP TQVVKPI TQQVUCPFVJWUFGCVJVQVJGRNCPVU Rotate in the seed-bed 9JGPCUGGFDGFKUGORVKGFKVECPDG WUGF CICKP SWKVG UQQP CHVGTYCTFU CU NQPI CU YG TGKPVTQFWEG UQOG YGNN TQVVGFOCPWTGCPFFKIVJGDGFNKIJVN[ HQT CGTCVKQP +V KU CFXKUCDNG VQ TQVCVG VJG UGGF KP VJG DGFU UQ CU VQ CXQKF DWKNF WR CPF URTGCF QH RTQDNGOU YKVJKPVJGUCOGRNCPVHCOKN[ITQWRU 1J CPFHKPCNN[CICKP OCMGUWTG[QW CTG RNCPVKPI HTGUJ JGCNVJ[ UGGF YJGVJGT[QWTQYPQTRWTEJCUGF 1NF UGGF YKNN PQV FQ YGNN KP VJG DGUV QH UGGFDGFU The answers to aphids and cutworms questions could not get space in this column we will bring them in the January 2006 issue.

ITGCV JGNR 9G NQQM HQTYCTF VQ EQPVTKDWVG VQ [QWT PGYURCRGT VJG GZRGTKGPEGQPVJGITQWPFCUYGCNUQ CFXQECVGHQTUWUVCKPCDNGCITKEWNVWTGKP VJG EQOOWPKV[ 6JCPMKPI [QW KP CFXCPEG 2GVGT1 1MYCP[ #ITKEWNVWTCN5GEVQT *GCF 2*%&1TVWO Dear Mr. Okwany, Thank you for writing to us. So many farmers are making the same request. This is our dilemma. We print 12,000 copies,which are not enough to go round because of the huge demand. While we consider your request, we encourage farmers, who receive copies, to share with those who do not. If we continue this way, the message will reach as many farmers as possible.

Complaints We are receiving complaints from farmers who cannot get their monthly copy of The Organic Farmer. It appears some chairmen of farmer groups do not pass the copies to their members. Others who own rental boxes used by farmers do not take the parcels to their owners. This is very bad. How can we promote farming when we have to deal with people who do not want farmers acquire the right information? We hope they will change. We also advise farmers who do not receive their monthly copies to get in touch with us or change their addresses. Organic farming is productive 9G VJG ,QJPUQPlU HCOKN[ KPENWFKPI QVJGT RGQRNG KP QWT HCTOKPI EQOOWPKV[ JCXG ICKPGF C NQV HTQO [QWT PGYURCRGT 9G JCXG DGGP TGEGKXKPIEQRKGUDWVYGCTGTGSWGUVKPI HQTOQTGUQCUVQKORTQXGQWTHCTOKPI RTCEVKEGU 9GCTGTGSWGUVKPIHQTOQTG UWRRQTV HTQO [QW VQ UJQY VJCV HCTOKPI KU KORQTVCPV GXGP VQ VJG WPGORNQ[GF 9GJCXGHQWPFQWVVJCV QTICPKE HCTOKPI KU OQTG RTQFWEVKXG CPFYGECPRTQXGKVVQQVJGTHCTOGTU 9GJQRG[QWYKNNUWRRQTVWUYKVJVJG TKIJVKPHQTOCVKQP 6JCPM[QW /TU 0FWTW -CTQ)TQWR 21$QZ 0[GTK 

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We want to increase production + VCMG VJKU QRRQTVWPKV[ VQ UCNWVG VJG GFKVQTKCN EQOOKVVGG QH VJG QTICPKE HCTOGT HQT RWDNKUJKPI VJKU OQUV GFWECVKXG OCIC\KPG + UJCNN DG OQUV VJCPMHWN KH [QW YKNN DG UGPFKPI VQ -QPICUKU 2[TGVJTWO )TQYGTU 5GNH *GNR )TQWR CV NGCUV QPG EQR[ 6JKU UGNHJGNR ITQWRKUPQVQPN[KPVGTGUVGF KP ITQYKPI R[TGVJTWO DWV KV CNUQ ECTTKGUQWVQVJGTHCTOKPICEVKXKVKGUCPF KVU OGODGTU CTG KPVGTGUVGF KP KORTQXKPI CITKEWNVWTCN RTQFWEVKXKV[ 6JCPMUKPCFXCPEG 'NKLCJ- #-KUKCTC -QPICUKU)TQWR 21$QZ .QPFKCPK

Starting Bee keeping +COCRGTUQPYJQJCUITGCVKPVGTGUVKP HCTOKPI OQTG UQ HQT EQOOGTEKCN RWTRQUGU + JCXG IQPG VJTQWIJ [QWT 5GRVGODGT1EVQDGT KUUWG CPF HQWPF KVVQDGXGT[KPHQTOCVKXG +NKXGQPC CETG RKGEG QH NCPF CPF YQWNF XGT[ OWEJYKUJVQJCXGCPCRKCT[ +TGCNN[ YQWNFYCPVVQRTQFWEGO[QYPJQPG[ HQT EQOOGTEKCN RWTRQUGU D[ WUKPI .CPIUVTQVJ DGGJKXGU *QYGXGT + HGCT VJGUK\GQH O[RNQVEQWNFDGCNKOKVKPI HCEVQT 2NGCUGCFXKEG +YQWNFCNUQYKUJ VQDGHWTPKUJGFYKVJVGEJPKECNCFXKEG QP OQFGTP OGVJQFU QH DGG OCPCIGOGPV + NQQM HQTYCTF VQ JGCTKPIHTQO[QW 6JCPM[QW 5COO[ - 0IKIK 21 $QZ  'ODW Dear Mr. Ngigi, We refer you to Mr. Charles Kimani of Box 1388 Kikuyu Tel: 0721-382-556. He is practising bee keeping on a small piece of land like yours and would share the experience with you. Alternatively you can buy the Bee Farming Handbook from the National Beekeeping Station P.O Box 34188 Tel. 020 564-302, Nairobi. Many farmers would like to know more. We will feature this in one of the future issues.

Students want newspaper

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The Organic Farmer

Page 8

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Not all plants like each other. However, if you choose the right companion, your garden will benefit a lot. By The Organic Farmer /C[DG[QW FKF PQV MPQY KV DWV VJG CUUQEKCVKQP DGVYGGP EGTVCKP RNCPVU IKXGUGZEGNNGPVTGUWNVU PQVQPN[HQTVJG XGT[RNCPVUVJGOUGNXGUDWVCNUQHQTVJG RTQFWEGT 'XGT[RNCPV HTQOVJGTQQVU VQVJGNGCXGU RTQFWEGUOGNNU QFQWTU CPF GZRGNU UWDUVCPEGU VJCV OKIJV DG DGPGHKEKCN QTHCVCN VQQVJGTRNCPVUCPF KPUGEVU (QT KPUVCPEG FKF [QW MPQY VJCVEGNGT[ DGECWUGQH KVUUOGNN FTKXGU CYC[ VJG RKGTKF DWVVGTHN[ RGUV HTQO ECDDCIG!#UCTGUWNV KVYKNNDGGPQWIJ VQ CUUQEKCVG EGNGT[ CPF ECDDCIG CU EQORCPKQPETQRUKPVJGHKGNFVQFTKXG CYC[ VJKU KPUGEV VJCV JCU VJG PCUV[ JCDKV QH NC[KPIJGTGIIU DGVYGGP VJG NGCXGUQH VJGWPHQTVWPCVGXGIGVCDNG 2GCDGGVNGOC[CNUQFKUVWTDECDDCIG +PVJKUECUG VQTGRGNVJGRGUVKVYKNNDG CFXKUCDNGVQRWVCDTCPEJQH VJWLCQP VJGECDDCIG +PVJGUCOGYC[ RNCEKPI UVTCYDGTT[ RNCPVU PGZV VQ ICTNKE QT QPKQPUPGZVVQNGGMU YKNNJGNRGPUWTG IGPGTCN RTQVGEVKQP CICKPUV PGOCVQFGU KP VJG UQKN 2NCPVU ECP VJGTGHQTG KP EGTVCKP ECUGU DG CU GHHGEVKXG CU KPUGEVKEKFGU DWV JCXG CP CFXCPVCIG DGECWUG VJG[ YKNN PQV MKNN VJG KPUGEVU PQTRQKUQPJWOCPDGKPIU 6JKUKUPQV CNN $[CUUQEKCVKPIENKODKPIDGCPUCPF OCK\G DQVJ ETQRU YKNN IKXG IQQF QWVRWV Managing the space .... *QYGXGT YG UJQWNF PQV CUUQEKCVG XGIGVCDNGU VQIGVJGT QPN[ HQT RNCPV JGCNVJTGCUQPU 9GUJQWNFCNUQWUGVJG URCEGYGJCXGHQTRNCPVKPIGHHKEKGPVN[ +PFGGF KVKUQHVGPKPVGTGUVKPIVQOCMG WUG QH VJG CUUQEKCVKQP KP VJG TQQV U[UVGOU 6JG OQUV V[RKECN CPF RTQHKVCDNG GZCORNG KU VJCV QH ECTTQVU CPFNGGMU 6JGHKTUVETQRJCUXGT[FGGR TQQVUVJCVGZVTCEVPWVTKGPVUFGGRKPVJG UQKN YJGTGCU NGGMU JCXG GZVTGOGN[ UWRGTHKEKCNTQQVUYJKEJ JGNR VJG ETQR HGGFQPPWVTKGPVUPGCTVJGUQKNUWTHCEG /QTGQXGT ECTTQVU ECP FTKXG CYC[ YQTOU HTQO NGGMU YJKNG NGGMU ECP FTKXGCYC[HNKGUHTQOVJGECTTQVU 6QOCVQGUCPFTCFKUJ QTDGVVGTUVKNN DGCPU YKVJ EWEWODGTU CTG QVJGT V[RKECN GZCORNGU QH VJKU JGNRHWN TGNCVKQPUJKR +P CFFKVKQP VQ VJG SWGUVKQP QH URCEG VJGTG KU CNUQ VJG RTQDNGO QH TGUQNXKPI VJG UGNHKUJPGUU QH EGTVCKP RNCPVU %CDDCIG HQT GZCORNG EQPUWOGU YCVGT CPF PWVTKGPVU ITGGFKN[ CPF ECPPQV TGCUQPCDN[DGRNCPVGFCNQPIUKFGQVJGT XGIGVCDNGUVJCVCTGLWUVCUFGOCPFKPI

+VKUGXGPDGVVGTVQKUQNCVGECDDCIGQT CUUQEKCVG KV YKVJ UOCNN RNCPVU UWEJ CU RGCU YJKEJ CTG UCVKUHKGF YKVJ XGT[ UOCNNSWCPVKVKGUQH PWVTKGPVU ... and managing time 6KOGKUCNUQCPKORQTVCPVHCEVQTKPVJKU OGVJQFQH CUUQEKCVKQPUQH XGIGVCDNGU /KZKPINQPIE[ENGURGEKGUYKVJUJQTV E[ENGURGEKGUECPQRVKOK\GVJGPCVWTCN RTQFWEVKXKV[ QH VJG ITQWPF YJKNG CUUWTKPI C EQPUVCPV EQXGTCIG QH VJG UQKN CPF JGNRKPI HKIJV CICKPUV VJG KPXCUKQP QH YGGFU 4CFKUJ HQT GZCORNG QPEGKVKUUQYGF IGTOKPCVGU SWKEMN[ CPF QEEWRKGU VJG UQKN YJKNG ECTTQV VCMGU C NQPIGT VKOG VQ IGTOKPCVG 5QYKPI TCFKUJ CPF NGVVWEG VQIGVJGT CPF RQUUKDN[ VTCPURNCPVKPI UQOG UGGFNKPIU QH NGVVWEG PGCT VJGO YQWNF CNNQY JCTXGUVKPI QH ETQRU ITCFWCNN[QPVJGUCOGRCTEGNQH NCPF TCFKUJCPFNGVVWEGUYQWNFDGTGCF[HQT JCTXGUV YJGP VJG ECTTQV KU PQV [GV OCVWTG (KPCNN[ KVKUPGEGUUCT[VQMPQYVJCV NGIWOGU WUG NCTIG SWCPVKVKGU QH PKVTQIGPHTQOVJGCKTCPFTGUVQTGVJGO VQVJGUQKNCPFVJCVOCP[QVJGTRNCPVU VCMGCFXCPVCIGQH VJKUPWVTKGPVUWRRN[ /KZKPI OCK\G CPF DGCPU KU PQV QPN[ IQQF CU githeri KV ECP CNUQ JGNR CP KPHQTOGF HCTOGT KORTQXG QP VJGKT QWVRWV #PQVJGT UOCNN FGVCKN KV KU PGEGUUCT[VQPQVGVJCVVJGTGCTGOCP[ HCVCNCUUQEKCVKQPUQH XGIGVCDNGU CUYGNN CU VJG RTQHKVCDNG CUUQEKCVKQPU FGUETKDGF CDQXG 6JG CUUQEKCVKQP QH RGC CPF ICTNKE HQT KPUVCPEG CNYC[U GPFU WR XGT[ DCFN[ +V KU VJGTGHQTG KORQTVCPVVQCNYC[UMGGRYCVEJKPQWT ICTFGPU Some good associations of plants  )CTNKE DGGV ECTTQV RQVCVQ CPF VQOCVQ  %CTTQV ICTNKE FYCTH DGCP NGVVWEG QPKQP RCTUPKR NGGM UOCNNRGCU RGC OCPIGVQWV UPQY RGCU  TCFKUJ VQOCVQ

 %GNGT[ URKPCEJ FYCTH DGCP NGGM VQOCVQ  %CDDCIG DGGV EGNGT[ EQPPGEVU EWEWODGT FYCTH DGCP NGVVWEG NGGM UOCNNRGCU ICTFGP RGCU  OCPIGVQWV RGCUCPFVQOCVQ  %WEWODGT DGGV EGNGT[ EQPPGEVU ECDDCIG ECWNKHNQYGT UJCNNQV DGCP YKVJQCTU FYCTH DGCPNGVVWEG OCK\G UOCNNRGCU  %QWTIGVVG DGCPYKVJQCTU QPKQP  &YCTH DGCP CWDGTIKPG DGGV ECTTQV EGNGT[ ECDDCIG ECWNKHNQYGT MQJNTCDK EWEWODGT PKVYKV NGVVWEG OCK\G OGNQP UOCNNRGCU RQVCVQ TCFKUJCPF VQOCVQ  .GVVWEG DGGV ECTTQV EGNGT[ NGGM OCK\G UOCNN RGCU QPKQP VQOCVQ ECDDCIG OCPIG VQWV TCFKUJ DNCEM TCFKUJ  /CK\G EWEWODGT PKVYKV FYCTH DGCP DGCP YKVJ QCTU NGVVWEG OGNQP UOCNN RGCU  /GNQP FYCTH DGCP NGVVWEG OCK\G  1PKQP DGGV ECTTQV EWEWODGT EQWTIGVVG UVTCYDGTT[ NGVVWEG NGGM  2CTUNG[ TCFKUJ RQVCVQ  .GGM CURCTCIWU ECTTQV EGNGT[ ECDDCIG YCVGTETGUU URKPCEJ HGPPGN UVTCYDGTT[ NGVVWEG NCODlU NGVVWEG QPKQP EJKEQT[ GPFKXG UEQT\QPGTC VQOCVQ  6QOCVQ ICTNKE CURCTCIWU ECTTQV EGNGT[ ECDDCIG ECWNKHNQYGT URKPCEJ FYCTH DGCP NGVVWEG OCK\G OKPV QPKQP RCTUNG[ NGGM TCFKUJ

The Organic Farmer KP,CPWCT[ 9JGTGECP HCTOGTU UGNN QTICPKECNN[ RTQFWEGF XGIGVCDNGU!


TOF No. 8 Dec 2005