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SPECIAL EDITION | FEBRUARY 2014

THE INDEPENDENT STUDENT NEWSPAPER OF HAMLINE UNIVERSITY

MEET THE DEAN Hamline welcomes Minnesota’s first female law dean page 15

TUITION INCREASES What’s behind the new Hamline Promise? page 17

HISTORICAL HOME White House to be torn down soon page 22

THE HEECH: NEWFOUND TREASURE Hamline sculptures rise in value page 8


VOLUME 125 | SPECIAL EDITION | FEBRUARY 2014

From the Editors

The Oracle 1536 Hewitt Ave. MB 106 St. Paul, MN 55104 thehamlineoracle@gmail.com CONTRIBUTORS Preston Dhols-Graf, Maria Herd, Laura Kaiser, Jackie Bussjaeger, Isaac Faleschini, Sarah Sheven, Don Allen, Alyse Emanuel, Colleen Schauer, Bre Garcia, Jackie Fuchs, Melissa Bougie and Mary Rose Rice

POLICIES The Oracle has been published by Hamline students since 1888. The paper is funded through a student fee levied by the university’s Student Media Board. We are a public forum. The opinions expressed within are not necessarily those of the student body, faculty or staff. We do not discriminate in employment. Our mission is to cover news, trends, events and entertainment relevant to Hamline undergraduate students. We strive to make our coverage accurately reflect the diverse communities that comprise the student population. Corrections: The Oracle welcomes corrections of quotational and factual errors. Please send such commentary to thehamlineoracle@gmail.com and place “Correction” in the subject line.

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his, in your hands, is the fourth full-color magazine The Oracle has produced in recent years. The last three have been supervised under the same editor in chief and design editor, but other than that, the staff who worked on these magazines and the content within them has been quite diverse. Our last January term magazine won first place at the Associated Collegiate Press’s Best of the Midwest convention, beating out the University of Minnesota (among others) in the special issue category. We have worked hard these past few weeks to produce the same high level of content and design. We do feel that we have fulfilled our goal of thinking outside the box, trying different types of stories that we normally wouldn’t be able to cover in our weekly newsprint issues. This issue includes several highlights of 2013 and some of the changes that 2014 is bringing: the demolition of our historic White House, Minnesota’s first female law school dean here at Hamline and a new steady schoolwide tuition increase. Of course it’s impossible to represent everyone and everything that makes up Hamline University, but we feel we’ve included the most 32 pages can hold while still doing each element justice. Because this is a book of special features, our pieces come directly from the hearts and minds of our staff. This magazine gives them the opportunity to focus on what they care about, and what they want to write. The “by” lines you see within and our list of contributors indicates those that volunteered to produce this magazine. This is our magazine: a truly collective effort. And, because we are also students, from all areas of study and sectors of campus, this is your magazine too. We hope you like it.

The first copy is free; each additional copy is 50 cents. Direct advertising inquiries to thehamlineoracle@.com. The Oracle accepts most print and insert requests.

Preston Dhols-Graf Editor in Chief

Maria Herd Managing Editor


CONTENTS MR. GREEN JEANS

FEATURED

Hamline’s recently published undergrad poet Lee Kisling 4

EDITORIAL The year of Edward Snowden 11

HAMLINE PROMISE New tuition cap promised to returning students 17

WHITE HOUSE A fading piece of Hamline’s past

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NEW LAW SCHOOL DEAN: Jean Holloway

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STUDENT FASHION: Frostbitten florals

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KILLJOYS Fresh comic series makes noise 28

BEST OF SAFETY and Security Incident Log 30

WHIMSY A hand-crafted crossword 31

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Mr. green jeans UNDERGRAD

Lee Kisling Publishes HIs poetry By Isaac Faleschini

little sign outside

a small, independent bookstore on Hudson, Wisconsin’s main drag, called Chapter 2 Books, proclaimed the night’s event: a reading by Hamline undergraduate Lee Kisling (‘14) from his recently published chapbook, “The Lemon Bars of Parnassus.” Chapbooks are, generally, a smaller collection of poems than a full book of poetry, including as few as 15-20 poems or as many as 40. It was a Thursday night and blustery cold. The cozy warmth of the shop was a welcomed respite from the whipping wind, and the nineteen occupants that filled the main area of the bookstore on folding chairs surrounded Kisling, who sat in front of the store’s main windows while he read from his book and told stories about his creative process. Kisling is in his sixties and worked as a railroad engineer for most of his life. He dabbled in poetry long before coming to Hamline, before thinking that he might ever publish his work. “I was an engineer,” Kisling said. “My days were long and hard and strenuous. Poetry was a kind of release because I needed a way to blow off being serious all the time.” Like many artists, Kisling has found solace in his art.

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But despite the immediate differences between poetry and engineering, Kisling is no stranger to story telling. He taught railroad engineering as part of his career and mentions how would use stories to keep his students engaged. He said, “I would get that half mast eye thing [from students]. So I’d start to tell them a story, and it is the exceptional stories that fall in between two rules or guidelines, a guy that cheated the rule and here’s what happened to him, that would get the people in the room to find what I call the Buddha in the circuit, to go, ‘Oh now I get it, now I see why.’ And poetry is similar to that.” He equates writing to “finding the subconscious Buddha;” accessing that magic of inspiration when the writer surprises himself. “It’s channeling,” Kisling said. “All the best writers are just channeling, and when I do that, when I catch the homunculus man in my head, it is magic, you know. I guess that’s why I love writing.” In between readings, Kisling mentions how he happened to meet poet John Graber at a workshop in Lake Pippen six years ago. Graber is a graduate of the renowned Iowa Writer’s Workshop, the MFA in creative writing program at the University of Iowa.

Kisling learned that Graber was teaching a poetry workshop class and decided to take it. Graber told him his poems were good. “I didn’t think of the poems as good or bad, but as something to do,” Kisling said. He went on to recount how he liked Graber, and liked to please him, and because of that he wrote more poetry. Kisling took three or four workshop classes from Graber over the course of three years. He said that at a certain point Graber told him, “You should submit these to Parallel Press.” So Kisling did. After nine months, Kisling said, he hadn’t heard anything from the Press, so he wrote a letter to them and asked if his poems had been accepted or not. When they wrote back, they explained that they had accepted his poems, and had sent him notification a few months before. Kisling smiled and said, “We weren’t very good with the mail back then.” The bad news, he said, was that he was on a two year waiting list to get his book printed. Creative writing professor Katrina Vandenberg, a published poet herself and Kisling’s advisor, wrote in an email interview, “Parallel Press publishes through the University of Wisconsin-Madison Library system and counts national writers like Kelly


Photo by Isaac Faleschini, Oracle Lee Kisling

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Photo by Isaac Faleschini, Oracle

Hamline undergraduate Lee Kisling (‘14) read from his recently published chapbook, “The Lemon Bars of Parnassus” at Chapter Two Books in Hudson, WI. Cherry and Kwame Dawes among its authors. I imagine that Lee is is exciting. She said, “The completion of any project is a milestone proud to be listed among them.” for a writer. And publication, in particular, can allow you to close Another Hamline professor in the creative writing department, the door on a kind of writing or part of your life.” Deborah Keenan, a well published poet—40 years and countMost of Kisling’s stories about his poems and his process twist ing—and Kisling’s internship advisor, agrees that Parallel Press is and wind in that associative pathfinder style so often equated to one with a history of “finding good poets and good poems and getpoets and poetry. As he talked about his process in creating the ting them out into the world.” Keenan wrote in an email interview, poem “The Lemon Bars of Parnassus” Kisling fell easily into the role “Competition for good presses to publish one’s poetry is fierce, and of the orator. “The whole story started because I was given these many fine writers who have lemon bars and they were wondergone on to full-length colful,” he said, “I tend to hyperbolize lections are listed at the back about things and I said, ‘These bars of Lee’s book with Parallel taste like the lemon bars of the Press.” gods.’ I started processing all this Chapbooks, according to and I came up with the first couple Vandenberg, are a traditional of lines and I ran with it, but immemethod of publishing poems diately, in the imagery in the poem, and have recently begun to you get jail bars. So, what does the make a comeback into the shift mean? How do you get these mainstream. “When I was two things back to making any first studying poetry, people sense? When you’re thinking about treated chapbooks as ‘prethe bars,” Kisling continued, “think books,’ something you pubabout the mother gorilla leaning . lished before you were ready down and whispering to her offto publish your first book,” spring, ‘Don’t worry, they can’t get Vandenberg said. “But in through the bars.’ So, what it really —Katrina Vandenberg, creative writing professor more recent years, as the inis, is a safe space. All those people terest in fine arts books and who for me were God-like in the sixmicro-presses has grown, I’ve seen an increasing number of chapties and seventies, the singers and guitar players and purple painter books published by poets in all stages of development.” people, who ushered the traditional God to the door, they became According to Keenan, “It is highly significant that Lee has alGod-like in that era and then, like all gods, they diminished. They ready published a chapbook of poems. All of us who have been start off strong and then they get ruined by pop culture and so on. Lee’s teachers at Hamline are thrilled for him, because he deserves Where did they all go? Behind bars. But Parnassus is the home of this recognition for his poetry. It is very unusual for an undergraduthe gods! They’re safe. Don’t worry, they’re safe.” It’s interesting to ate to publish a book through an established press before graduasee the connections after they have been explained by the author. A tion. We celebrate his achievement.” moment later, Kisling laughed and said, “This is what I mean, when Professor Vandenberg agrees that publication of Kisling’s book you explain that much, it takes twice as long as the poem!”

“He’s a great thinker, never afraid

of new subject matter, and dedicated. Lee’s poems have a wide range. They are by turns lyric, wistful, imaginative, sly and funny. Lee’s also a tireless reviser ”

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Kisling will lead a poetry workshop as his internship assignment for the BFA in creative writing at the Hudson, Wisconsin library on Thursday nights from 6:30 until 8 p.m. starting March 6. The workshops will go for seven weeks, they are free, and all the materials will be provided. Kisling has a curriculum set up which includes poems by everyone from Wallace Stevens and Charles Bukowski to Keenan and Vandenberg. “Lee has created a [workshop] that any good teacher could use anywhere in America, to teach an intro to poetry course,” Keenan—Kisling’s internship advisor—said. Concerning the project, she continued, “Lee’s design for his workshop is smart, loaded with great quotes, great poems, and careful, thoughtful explanations of many techniques that his students will need to use to create their own work.” She goes on to explain that Kisling “winnowed” his curriculum from the finest examples in literature and teachers. She said, “Whoever signs up for his class in Hudson, Wisconsin is very, very lucky.” Kisling says he included both Keenan’s and Vandenberg’s poems because they showcase points he wants to make during his class. Then he quoted one of Vandenberg’s poem, “When my mother made pies her hands were blackbirds.” He says of Vandenberg’s poem in conjunction with Gregory Orr’s essay about the four temperaments of poetry, “[Orr] talks about the four obvious parts of a poem: story, structure, music and imagination. He puts story and structure to one side of the poem and music and imagination on the other, and the trick is to take one from column A and one from column B and then use them together to ‘make poetry.’” Orr says that a great poet will use all of them together. “Orr,” Kisling explained, “says that only Shakespeare has ever done that. But in fact, the poem by Vandenberg contains all of those temperaments just in that one stanza.” Kisling plans to use Vandenberg’s poem in conjunction with Orr to showcase those four temperaments during one of his workshop classes. Beyond influences like Graber, Vandenberg and Keenan, Kisling talks about Elizabeth Bishop and Wallace Stevens. He said of Stevens, “Meaning is tricky. [Stevens] shows up in almost every class and he pulls you in. He is so strange.” Speaking of the context of the intentional fallacy, Kisling said “Meaning is something you make of it, and that’s something I really believe. Especially if the author is dead, you don’t know. Even if they said what they meant, can you trust them? So it means whatever you think it means and you [the reader] are part of the process of art.” Kisling said of coming to Hamline that, when he was ready to retire, he worked hard up until the day he was done. And he was worried that with a type A personality, necessary in his line of work, that he needed some other interest to keep from going crazy or falling into apathy. “So I went to school. I retired one week and went to school the next.” He said that Graber, his mentor, was key in his coming to Hamline because Graber knew some of the professors and encouraged Kisling to come here. Kisling said, “I called [Graber] at the last minute with cold feet and said, ‘I don’t know if I can do this,’ and he said, ‘Just do it. Go do it.’” Both Vandenberg and Keenan have good things to say about Kisling as a student. “Lee [is] motivated, engaged, smart, and focused, and more,” Keenan said, “Lee’s poetry is beautiful, surprising, and ambitious. He cares about the art of poetry, and that shows in all his poems.” Vandenberg said that she misses having Kisling in her classroom. She said, “He’s a great thinker, never afraid of new subject matter, and dedicated. Lee’s poems have a wide range. They are by turns lyric, wistful, imaginative, sly and funny. Lee’s also a tireless reviser.” Kisling isn’t the only student from Hamline to have a book published. Keenan said, “Any Hamline student who has success, in any

T h e L e m o n Ba r s O f Pa r n a s s u s The god of electric guitars is behind bars and the god of dancing naked is behind bars and the chocolate divinities have been detained and the purple painter people and the hollyhock men are wanted by the law again. The god of singing songs is behind bars and the pillow talk gods are all behind bars and the lords of comedy have disappeared. And the man who is shot from a cannon went up and up and never came down. The bumper car gods and the candy bar gods and the yellow kangaroo cookies jar gods are all behind bars and the skeleton key has been dropped to the bottom of the Vinegar Sea. And the only gods left are bandaged and wear glasses because the old gods are all locked behind the Lemon Bars of Parnassus.

By Lee Kisling Parallel Press of the disciplines, reflects, I think, beautifully on Hamline University, the variety of programs we offer, the dedication of the teachers on our campuses. I certainly hope there’s a correlation between Lee’s fine work, and his work at Hamline, but remember that he is an adult student, and has thought about and written poetry for a long time. I can certainly say that the poems he has written in my class, and in Professor Katrina Vandenberg’s classes, are smart, and beautifully written.” For many undergraduates, getting a chapbook published at this stage of their career would be a good start to making a name for oneself. Kisling is cognizant that he is not a young man playing a young man’s game. “I don’t have much ambition,” Kisling said about pursuing more publishing opportunities—continued publishing being the next logical step if one were serious about pursuing poetry as a career—“I was a bigshot. I had my career. I’m not anymore and that’s okay.” He has already decided he will not go on to an MFA program. “I enjoy being with other poets and enjoying the same work, and that’s enough for me,” Kisling said. “Now, I just want to be Mister Green Jeans at home.”

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NEWFOUND TREASURES valuable art hidden in plain sight By Alyse Emanuel

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n the

shadows of campus buildings, valuable sculptures have lurked for decades while passersby have remained unaware of their origins and meaning. The discovery of the monetary value of Hamline’s three sculptures by Iranian artist Parviz Tanavoli brought them into the spotlight, but it cannot compare to the value that the history and meaning of the sculptures brings to the Hamline community. It wasn’t until six months ago that any of this information was illuminated. “Up until last summer we had no idea that the work was this valuable,” said Studio Arts Professor and Director of Exhibitions of the Soeffker Gallery and the Hamline Permanent Collection John-Mark Schlink. Though the exact price is confidential, the value of each of the sculptures is in the six figure range. Some of Tanavoli’s other sculptures have recently been sold for as much as seven figures. Peggah Navab of KFAI radio station contacted Schlink last summer wanting to know more about Tanavoli’s sculpture, the Heech, located next to Bush Student Center. Once a highly trafficked location on campus, the building is far less frequented by students since the construction of the Anderson Center. According to Schlink, it was Navab’s interest in the Heech that sparked an investigation into all three of the Tanavoli sculptures owned by Hamline. “We had someone come and look at the work to do an appraisal, because we discovered that…the prices on his work have gone way up recently,” Schlink said. “So when the guy was doing the appraisal, he said that anything that Abby Grey has collected you should really be careful with and look at, because apparently a lot of the artists that she worked with, their work is very valuable, and [Tanavoli] is one of them.” In 1970, Tanavoli was invited to Hamline as a visiting artist for six months. He had taught at the Minneapolis College of Art and Design from 1960-63 before returning to Iran. What he discovered there inspired him to contribute to an art movement and led to the conception of a lifelong motif. “When I returned to Iran, the art environment was very fake and it was, you know, the galleries and the artists, they were kind of following European art and Western art and I

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didn’t like it. I couldn’t approve of what was happening. And I decided to do one single word that expresses me better than anything else,” he said. Tanavoli, one of the foremost contemporary Iranian sculptors, was a founding member of an art movement that started in Iran in the 1960s, which focused on bringing symbols from their own culture into their work. For years, one of his motifs has been what is called a “heech,” a word in Farsi meaning “nothingness.” “Most people think that nothingness does not exist, but here this one exists. So people communicate with it very easily,” Tanavoli said. “It’s a nothingness that is.” Hamline students almost fifty years ago are among the people who communicated easily with the work and the concept of making “nothing.” When Tanavoli began the Heech, which was commissioned by Hamline in 1970, the atmosphere on campus was ripe for engaging with the piece. “Those days, there was still the Vietnam War and the students were very much against it and they, as a sign of protest, did not attend their classes and mainly hung around. But when they heard I was making this monument, they were very happy to come and watch it and help me because they liked the subject,” Tanavoli said. “Instead of doing ‘things’ they wanted to do ‘nothing.’” Tanavoli began his first Heech in 1965 and has made hundreds of variations, which are located all over the world. At twelve feet tall, the Hamline Heech is the largest one yet. Tanavoli recalled the campus’ enthusiastic response to this sculpture in the atmosphere that surrounded the Vietnam War. “It was like a negative attitude toward what was going on because [the students] didn’t agree with it. And that was just the perfect time for me to do this and it was like a consolation for the youngsters,” Tanavoli said. “Once they saw [the Heech], they related to it very easily and they loved it in those days. I remember in those days many of them would lie down on the sculpture and take pictures; they loved it.” Though a university campus in the 1960s proved to be a receptive environment for the Heech, Tanavoli said that his heech sculptures are not designed for any particular time or place.


Heech, by Parviz Tanavoli Photo by Alyse Emanuel, Oracle

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Photos by Alyse Emanuel, Oracle Above: “Poet with Symbol of Freedom” Left: “Untitled” Below: Closeup of “Untitled”

“Nothingness can be anywhere…because it is in our mind. As much as we think about things and all the existence, we also sometimes face the nonexistent, or nothing, and it is the other side of the coin,” Tanavoli said. “So, it is not for any specific place, my nothing, my nothing is for everyone and everywhere, for all human beings and for the whole universe because this is what is shared by all human beings.” The two other sculptures—Untitled, which was once ominously stationed in a dark corner near the bathrooms in the

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Drew Fine Arts building, and Poet with Symbol of Freedom, which was located in Sorin Dining Hall for many years— have now been relocated to the Soeffker Gallery in Drew Fine Arts. Schlink explained that the small gallery will now be dedicated to Hamline’s permanent collection, of which the Tanavoli pieces are now a part, and pieces from the collection will rotate in and out of the gallery. Tanavoli’s Untitled will be included in the next show. Along with these changes to the art collection, there are more in the works.

“There’s a lot around here that we’ve been trying to do to bring things up to speed, that was neglected for many years,” Schlink said. “We’re having somebody come in on a regular basis to look at the work, to make sure that it’s taken care of. We’re starting a protocol for that. We’re trying to document things. The work that’s in the lobby we put didactics on so people know what it is, who did it, where it’s from. We’re trying to be good stewards of the work,” Schlink said.


2013: The Year of Edward Snowden Editoral by Don Allen

It was militia intelligence officer Paul Revere who warned American colonists that the British were coming; it was NSA contractor Edward Snowden who warned Americans about the NSA.

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he actions taken by former Na-

tional Security Agency (NSA) technical contractor Edward Snowden are to be commended. Snowden single-handedly dismantled a system filled with lies, deceit and benign neglect for the American people’s right to privacy. He exposed the U.S. regime’s cruel tactics and its ruthless “world police” role. Snowden also revealed to the world that the NSA is watching us, in many cases listening to every word on what should be private cell phone conversations. U.S. citizens with nongovernment cell phone accounts through Sprint, Verizon, T-Mobile and other carriers learned they were helpless when it comes to the power of the federal government and its need to control our private data. The U.S. continues to violently disrespect the American right for a reasonable amount of privacy, but lucky for us, something happened inside Edward Snowden that unlocked his moral compass. Snowden’s spiritual awakening led him to purposely leak documents and data about the men and women who work for the United States’ most top-secret organization, the NSA.

Illustration by Bre Garcia, Oracle

Snowden told The Guardian: “I don’t want to live in a society that does these sort of things…I do not want to live in a world where everything I do and say is recorded.” The world has learned that it is not little green men from outer space spying on us, it’s the NSA and private government contractors who have circumvented due process and replaced it with contempt prior to investigation for the American people. Conspiracy theorists across the globe have been validated in their suspicions that “black helicopters” and the U.S. government are spying on their own people as well as other countries. In June 2013, Guardian journalist Glenn Greenwald, with information supplied by Snowden, reported that the NSA is collecting the telephone records of millions of Verizon customers under a top secret court order granting the government unlimited authority to obtain communications data for a three-month period. The liberal mainstream media in the United States was given its marching orders to report Snowden as a low-level government contract worker gone rogue (Fox News was not fooled about Snowden or his identity). Fox News did not collaborate with the left-wing media on what started out to be a cover up in altering the facts about the NSA contractor. However, soon

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it became evident that this “low-level government contractor” was making well over six figures a year and the U.S. government had something to hide: a man named Edward Snowden and the information he leaked as part of the NSA information breach. The documents leaked by Snowden show that the NSA created and spread a flawed formula for generating random numbers to create a “back door” in encryption products by rolling it into a software tool called BSAFE, which is used to enhance security in personal computers and many other products. The BSAFE tool is widely used by developers to enhance security protocol by setting up firewalls and for easy back-door recovery. Essentially what they have done is opened a doorway, in your home, on your personal PC or Apple product, for easy access to any and all information saved on any computer with a downline program that can track, assess and report a user’s current keystrokes. Many foreign news agencies, including The Guardian and the BBC-UK reported that the NSA is accessing the systems of U.S. Internet giants, including Google and Facebook, and collecting data under a previously undisclosed surveillance program called PRISM. International Business Times reporter Ryan W. Neal wrote, “Microsoft helped the NSA circumvent Microsoft’s own encryption software to intercept users’ private communications. Microsoft launched the Outlook portal to the public in February 2012, just two months after coming up with the solution. Microsoft also allowed PRISM to access Hotmail, Live and Outlook.com emails before they got encrypted.” Now we know why most users of Microsoft products only use Window’s Explorer to download Firefox or Google Chrome, which are safer and more private. The most unfortunate and heartbreaking reality about the NSA’s spying is that throughout history, Americans have been assassinated for even suggesting that the government spied on its citizens. The NSA’s actions can be compared to the same type of illegal data collection done by the FBI in 1993 during the clash in Waco, Texas. Agents secretly monitored and infiltrated the Branch Davidian complex that turned into a violent and unnecessary loss of innocent life. This was one of the many invasion of privacy actions that took place on American soil against her people under the rule of the government’s version of a reasonable amount of privacy. American citizens do have the right to a reasonable amount of privacy. The U.S. government has twisted the Constitution in their favor to circumvent and redefine privacy by their terms under the guise of Homeland Security. The search for data, which should be private, leads to many missteps by authorities, including the U.S. government’s increasing “kill switch” powers, regarding web servers inside the U.S. Department of Justice and Homeland Security’s ICE. If you recall, this cybercrime and countermeasures concept has been an ongoing challenge for many years over the powers granted to government agencies and how they use the Internet “kill switch.” In 2011, the U. S. government shut down 84,000 sites in a case of mistaken identity according to WIRED.com, and of course, the U.S. government. Recently, The New York Times published a story on how the NSA has implanted software in nearly 100,000 computers around the world that allows the United States to conduct surveillance on those machines, and can also create a digital highway for launching cyber attacks. The article states, “While most of the software is inserted by gaining access to computer networks, the NSA has increasingly made use of a secret technology that enables it to enter and alter data in computers even if they are not connected to the Internet, according to NSA docu-

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ments, computer experts, and American officials.” Many critics, especially those in the Tea Party, feel the Obama Administration has bastardized the Fourth Amendment, which states that “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.” If the NSA, RSA Security, big data (the term for a collection of data sets so large and complex that it becomes difficult to process using on-hand database management tools) and Microsoft can circumvent your personal privacy settings, the American people have a real crisis in defining the meaning of the Constitution as it pertains to the Fourth Amendment. Did Snowden prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the U.S. has rejected the rights of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects? The short answer would be: yes. After the Snowden leak began to snowball in June 2013, President Obama rang in on Snowden in an attempt to save— face by announcing to the world, “The U.S. government surveillance programs strike ‘the right balance’ between security and privacy and are closely overseen by Congress and the courts.” Of course, the truth about Obama’s balance was fiction. America clearly understood the president’s statement, and is aware of the sizeable scale of domestic surveillance under his administration. In mid-January 2014, leaders of Congress’ intelligence committees said Obama’s surveillance idea won’t work. This was in response to a chief element of Obama’s attempt to overhaul U.S. surveillance. Congress is pushing back against the idea that the government should cede control of how Americans’ phone records are stored. Snowden made it very clear: the land of the free and the home of the brave is actually the country of the watched, tracked and monitored by the U.S. government. This mass (and what some call a constitutionally illegal, or contempt prior to investigation) data collection is not limited to keystrokes on your computer. Social media aggregators are key services used by the NSA and other big data government contractors to build a profile that can tell Big Brother when you use the bathroom and what kind of cheese you buy at the local grocery store, or the current balance of your beloved Target credit card. Despite Obama’s intent to charge Snowden with espionage and give him a life-long prison term, Snowden stands firm as a true patriot who let his moral conscience take the lead. We really could use an Edward Snowden in the White House. Certainly, Snowden will go down in history as one of America’s most consequential whistleblowers, alongside Daniel Ellsberg and Bradley Manning. He is solely responsible for delivering damaging evidence about one of the world’s most secretive organizations. Any U.S. government agency, that can bypass congressional approval and spy on its citizens is never to be trusted. Former president of Poland (politician, trade-union organizer, philanthropist and human rights activist) Lech Walesa said, “I believe that any violation of privacy is nothing good.” Dealing with the oversight issues of the NSA and passing legislation making it a requirement for congressional approval for data collection on U.S. citizens has been a challenge. When there is no crime, the NSA and its procedures are much like a pack of wolves asking permission to eat sheep running loose in the field.


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Photo by Preston Dhols-Graf, Oracle


MEET THE DEAN: Jean Holloway By Jackie Bussjaeger

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ccording to the

American Bar Association, the percentage of men and women in law school administration is roughly equal. However, only 21% of law school deans are women, with the greatest proportion of women holding the position of assistant dean. This imbalanced scale of women’s leadership is so prevalent in American institutions that it is still unusual for universities to hire women into positions of power. Hamline, however, has recently taken a step in the other direction. On Jan. 6, the Hamline School of Law officially welcomed Jean Holloway as its next dean. This is a historic appointment because Holloway is not only the first woman to hold this posi-

tion at Hamline, but the first woman to become dean of a law school in Minnesota. She discussed her perception of playing this important role and of Hamline’s method of selection. “Obviously, you want to be selected on basis of merit,” Holloway said. “They obviously want qualified people, but they really do reach out. I believe that Don [Lewis] was the first dean of color at the law school. It’s an honor to lead this institution, and it says a lot about the institution as well. We also have a woman president, and I think it really breaks that glass ceiling.” According to the Hamline website, Holloway’s responsibilities as dean include “overseeing and providing strategic direction to the School of Law’s academic and related programs, leading the recruitment and retention ef-

forts of the school, managing its fiscal resources, leading its fundraising efforts, and serving as a university officer in collaborative work on governance, strategic planning, fund development, and institutional assessments.” Holloway also described some of her duties in her own words. “My essential function is mainly as administrator of the law school; the business side as well as fundraising, and really just growing the business community and curricular development.” It is a challenging time to be stepping into this position, because law school enrollment has been declining for several years not only at Hamline, but nationwide. As of 2013, there were only 88 students enrolled in the Hamline School of Law, according to the class profile on Hamline’s website.

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“We have really talented faculty. They have great bios, they’re great scholars, and they are dedicated to student success. They’re really there to assist them in the challenges of studying law.” —Jean Holloway, Dean of Hamline Law school

This is one of the largest issues that Holloway would like to address. “As far as the declining enrollment, we need to adapt ourselves to the needs of the marketplace. The cause of the decline is multifaceted, and in part it’s the economy,” Holloway said. “There is more pressure on lawyers to deliver the same services for lower incomes, and the downward pressure in the market comes from a change in the needs of clients. What do law firms and clients need? Every business in the world has been impacted by changes in technology—the sheer amount of information that’s out there. Pieces of the law have become more commodified; today people don’t always need a JD to provide the same services that lawyers used to provide. We’re going through a period of readjustment now. There’s been a lot of media hysteria. They have exacerbated the problem and made people afraid of law school more than they should be.” Holloway is more than qualified to deal with this problem. She possesses two Bachelor’s degrees from Yale, as well as a joint MBA and JD from the University of Chicago. Besides working in private practice, she has acted as general

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counsel for firms such as CR Bard, Inc., Medtronic and Boston Scientific. She is proud of her past presidency of the Hennepin County Bar Association and Minnesota Women Lawyers, and her involvement with the Children’s Defense Fund of Minnesota. But it’s not all work and no play for Holloway. Outside of her career achievements, she manages to live life to the fullest through family, music and travel. “I have been married for almost 34 years,” Holloway said. “My husband is a physician from Istanbul, Turkey, and we have three children.” Her oldest son is a composer who currently lives in London, and both of her younger children are studying medicine at the University of Minnesota. She described some of the ways she and her family spend their time together. “Music is a big hobby in our family; we love listening to music and going to concerts,” Holloway said. “We all play—I play a little bit, but I’m not very good. I love to travel—we travel a lot to my husband’s home country. My children are bilingual—not in Turkish, but they went to French school.” Holloway said that in addition to her other hobbies, it is important to her to volunteer her time by representing children in court. “I’ve spent 100 to 200 hours a year doing pro bono work for children, developing legal aid and child advocacy,” Holloway said. Holloway is thrilled to now be entering the position of dean of the law school. She felt that Hamline offered a unique atmosphere. “We have the breadth of the university here—some schools don’t. The university setting gives us a lot of cross-fertilization. We work closely with other parts of the university, with the law school interacting with the business school and interacting with the school of education, and that helps us and helps our students.” Expanding on that idea, Holloway believes that Hamline’s integration stems from the essential student and faculty interaction in the classroom.

“There was a real sense of community here—both at Hamline University and at the law school,” Holloway said. “It’s really dedicated to providing a high degree of contact between students and faculty. We have really talented faculty. They have great bios, they’re great scholars, and they are dedicated to student success. They’re really there to assist them in the challenges of studying law. Nobody’s saying that it’s easy.” In fact, due to Holloway’s awareness of the rigors of law school, she cautioned potential applicants to consider the decision very carefully.“It’s not cheap going to law school, and it’s an investment in time,” she said. “You should do your homework before you make your decision. You should shadow judges, go meet in-house lawyers and ask them, ‘What do you like about it?’” Holloway looks forward to being fully established in her role as dean, though she feels she needs time to familiarize herself with the community and the atmosphere before jumping in to address the big issues. “It’s a little bit early for me to be making recommendations for changes,” Holloway said. “I’m still getting to know the institution better. One goal is just to build on the work of what the prior dean was doing. I think fundraising is important, and making sure that we’re getting our message out.” Holloway expressed appreciation and admiration for the work of former School of Law Dean Ronald Lewis, who had been in that position since 2008 and has now returned to private practice. “I’ve known Don for years, and I think he did a wonderful thing here,” Holloway said. “He was respected by not only the university and staff, but by the Twin Cities community.” Holloway is ready to meet the future with energy and enthusiasm, and she is excited for the opportunity to work more closely with the students. It is the first chance in her career to work largely with young people, and she looks forward to the experience. “I’m delighted to be here,” she said. “It’s a good adventure.”


HU’s Promise to you By Maria Herd

A

ll full-time

undergraduate students received an email and letter from President Linda Hanson outlining the new Hamline Promise early last month. The Promise is based on four pillars—tuition increases limited to 3.3 percent, access to career services and academic counseling, hands-on learning opportunities and the four-year graduation assurance program. “I rather like the phrase the ‘Hamline Promise,’ for a variety of reasons,” said Vice President for Marketing and Enrollment Management Ann Ness, who was one of the main collaborators on the Promise. “It speaks to the promise of the institution and the promise to the student. Hamline is such a fabulous university for finding promising students, and then attaching to them and uncovering their promise.” Sophomore Cole Konczal offered his input on the letter. “It talked about a bunch of things we already have, and then that we have to pay a grand more

Photo by Maria Herd, Oracle

than we already do a year. It was a way to put it nicely that we’re paying more now.” Konzcal’s observation that the tuition increase was the only new information to current Hamline students is correct. Still, according to Ness, the promise is amplifying a commitment to resources that Hamline already offers. For example, “Our career services is actually very impressive, but we haven’t really called it out as a benefit. But it is a differentiator for Hamline,” she said. A similar letter was also sent out to all law students, setting their tuition cap at 3.3 percent as well. The main difference is that instead of the four-year graduation assurance program, Hamline is promising a dedicated and systematic approach to bar exam preparation for the best possible chance of success. “This same approach is being used at the law school, so there is a unifying element here, which we see as beneficial,” Ness said. The university is also in the process of setting a tuition rate for Hamline’s graduate students, which will be approved at a board meeting in February. One of the main goals of the Hamline Promise is to increase the retention rate. “We wanted to protect, if not en-

hance the academic profile of our students and improve our retention rate,” Ness said. “We believe that if a student and their parents have certainty about what the tuition increase will be, it will work favorably for retention.” Hamline’s current retention rate for first-year students is 81 percent according to the Institutional Research and Assessment office. This can be compared to the national average of 75 percent according to U.S. World and News Report. “Everyone is always working on retention all the time. It’s always a moving target, that’s made up of so many different components,” Director of Academic Advising Katie Adams said. “It is so much cheaper to retain your students than to have to go out and find new students. And it’s so much better for the institution to retain that same class of people that works well together.” Tuition Increase So how many actual dollars does a 3.3 percent increase mean? The 3.3 percent increase from this year’s tuition translates to $1,140 more, bringing Hamline tuition to $35,710 for the 201415 school year.

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18

$40,000 $37,500

2009-10 2010-11

$32,500

$36,888 or less

$ 35,710

$ 34,570

$ 33,236

$ 31,652

$ 30,436

$ 29,124

$35,000

$30,000 $27,500

Tuition prices

Budget Strategies “As we went into this year’s tuition discussion, we worked very hard to keep tuition costs as low as possible, while at the same time maintaining our high quality standards,” Ness said. How is Hamline planning to maintain its outstanding academic quality if it will not be increasing tuition at the same rate? “We haven’t done the budget yet, but we’re going to figure it out and make it work,” Senior Associate Vice President for Finance Michelle Hegarty said. “Our detailed financial models allow us to feel comfortable that we can achieve financial success and maintain quality. Fiscal year ‘13 in particular we went through a huge cost reduction process.” Hegarty said that the university is starting to see the positive impact on the budget in regard to actions taken

Total HU tuition prices per year

$25,000 $22,500

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

$20,000

School year

Increases in financial aid packages 15.5%

15.3%

16%

12%

11.5%

14% 12% 10%

7.8% 2009-10

8%

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

6%

Total discount expense increase

However, it is important to note that 3.3 percent is actually a lower increase than what Hamline students have recently seen. In the past five fiscal years, the increase varied each year between four and five percent. And after this year, Hamline is guaranteeing current students that tuition will rise no more than 3.3 percent each year. Next year, administration will do the same evaluation again and set a different cap for the next incoming class, which could potentially be higher or lower than 3.3 percent. President Linda Hanson describes what she calls the “sweet spot,” or midpoint that is Hamline’s tuition target in comparison to the other universities in the Metro Area. Hamline’s goal is to stay competitive by not being one of the most expensive schools or one of the least expensive schools. “We’re very conscious that we can only be competitive with all of these other schools if we are at the right price point,” Hanson said. Schools like Carleton, Macalester and Gustavus are on the more pricey end of the spectrum; St. Thomas and Hamline fall into the “sweet spot,” while St.Kates, Augsburg and Concordia are a few of the schools that have a lower tuition cost. “I understand that they have to keep up with other private schools around here. But of course I would like tuition to be the same [from year to year],” junior Rachel Hinderaker said. Referring to the “sweet spot” when deciding on the tuition cap, “We were very supportive to that situation,” Ness said. “We didn’t want to be notorious by doing some kind of tuition reduction or freeze because that wouldn’t serve our short or long term goals.”

School year

Infographs by Laura Kaiser, Oracle in previous years, which were partly in response to the downturn in the economy. A case in point are the benefits of a voluntarily incentivized early retirement program that has been offered to employees three times in the last five years. “The retirement package that we offered was a good one, and it did entice eligible employees to take advantage of it,” Hegarty said. The retirement program compensates severance pay to the staff or faculty that choose to take the package. Now that Hamline no longer has to pay for these packages because

the severance pay was expensed in prior years, the budget is starting to see the positive effect. Due to the decline in law school enrollment not only at Hamline but all over the country, some of the law professors who took the retirement package did not need to be replaced, while some professors in the CLA were replaced by new full-time professors or adjuncts. The goal now is to grow the number of students the university has instead of reducing expenses. She also mentioned the Program Prioritization Process, or PPP program, that


“I understand that they have to keep up with other private schools around here. But of course I would like tuition to be the same [from year to year].” —junior Rachel Hinderaker

is helping the university to see how they can be more cost efficient within the budget. “It enables us to look at academic and non-academic programs and determine how they’re financially performing, and whether there are some that need additional resources, or have too many resources,” Hegarty explained. Financial Aid Although tuition has been increasing each year, Hanson pointed out that the percentage of discount expense, or financial aid that is given out to students each year, has increased at a greater rate than tuition. [see bottom graph] “We’ve had to reallocate funds into different areas of the university to be able to put more money into financial aid, and we’ve done that with eyes wide open,” Hanson said. “We think that’s the right thing to do.” However, there is not much data available on whether these increases are need-based or merit-based aid, and how widespread this increase of aid is being distributed to the student population. Due to the various types of aid available, as well as each student’s individual financial and academic situation, the logistics are complicated. For example, meritbased scholarships, need-based aid that Hamline gives to students, federal need based aid like the Pell Grant and endowment scholarships are all a part of this annual increase in aid that Hamline students are seeing. Furthermore, according to the Director of Financial Aid Lynette Wahl, the majority of students at Hamline have a combination of both merit and need-based aid. When it comes to need-based aid, students only see a change in their financial package if their financial situation changes. “If their need stays exactly the

same, their package is going to look very much the same. They might be paying a little more if tuition goes up a little bit. It’s going to vary on the student’s financial package,” Wahl said. “We’re committed to honoring people’s situations.” There are other financial aid factors that Hamline cannot control, like when it comes to the government formula for distributing aid. “Even though our Hamline dollars might stay steady, if the state formula increases, like this past year it did quite a bit, students may receive additional state dollars, on top of their Hamline dollars,” Wahl explained. “If the state cuts their budget, and doesn’t give as much of a state grant, then the student will lose that. Again, it runs independently based on need.” With the exception of endowment scholarships, current students’ merit scholarships stay constant, and all increased merit-based aid scholarships are offered to incoming students. This is where Hamline’s consulting firm Noel-Levitz comes in. Noel-Levitz is a 40-year-old firm with almost 3,000 collegiate clients across North America who they advise in meeting goals for enrollment and student success. “We are a client of theirs to understand the entire landscape, so that we don’t make a decision that is going to harm Hamline or our students,” Ness said. “Not all of their clients come to the same conclusion, but we look to them to make sure that we don’t go off on a tangent that is unsupported by the marketplace, and we do what is best for our students.” For example, Concordia University in St. Paul also consults with Noel-Levitz, but took a different strategy in regards to tuition. This year, they cut their tuition by $10,000 and then dramatically slashed financial aid as well, which has been described as a “gimmick” by some critics. If Hamline is looking to increase a particular demographic of students, then they consult with Noel-Levitz to see how they should draw that group of students in. “Admissions and Enrollment Management folks are trying to sculpt the class, so to speak. Do we want to increase diversity, academic standing, more this or that? Noel-Levitz consultants help us with it,” Wahl explained. “We tell the consultant, ‘This is what we want to do. What is it going to take for us to get there?’” Then, NoelLevitz will advise Hamline to tweak a specific scholarship, for example. However, these are just the packages

that Hamline can offer to students, they don’t really know who will be enrolling, or which merit-aid packages will be accepted until Census Day. Graduation Assurance Program “We’re kind of dusting that off and saying that is an important part of what the agreement is when the parent and student enter in with Hamline,” Ness said of the graduation assurance program. All students sign the Four-Year Assurance of Graduation Student Contract after attending a Center of Academic Services presentation in their First Year Seminar class. The contract outlines the responsibilities a student has to graduate within four years, and that if all of these conditions are met, but the student still has graduation requirements to complete, the university will pay for a student’s fifth year. The responsibilities include completing the appropriate amount of credits each academic year, passing all classes with a C- or better, consulting with faculty advisors, and declaring a major, filing an intent to graduate and registering for classes all on time. “[The conditions] seem easy enough to meet. And if it comes down to it you can stay here for a fifth year if you have to,” Konczal said. The program has been active for over 14 years, longer than the Director of Academic Advising Katie Adams has been at Hamline. Now that the student debt and graduation rates have become major national issues, many universities offer a similar assurance or guarantee to be competitive. A quick Google search of “graduation guarantee” will display similar programs at colleges all over the county. However, when Hamline’s graduation assurance program was created over 14 years ago, it was “cutting edge” for its time. The only change that has been made to the contract in the last eight years is the clarification on when students need to meet some of the deadlines. The online version says that students need to declare their major by the end of their sophomore year, but this can be confusing for students that are possibly in their first year at Hamline, but are sophomores by standing because they came in with college credit. The written contract defines this as a student’s “second full year at Hamline, or 64 credits, whichever occurs later if transferring in PSEO credits.” When President Hanson’s email about the Hamline Promise was sent out with the link to the gradu-

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ation assurance program page on the Hamline website, it was brought to Adams’ attention again that the online version still needs to be updated with this clarification. This is a common question for students because according to Adams’ estimations, about onethird of students start at Hamline with some credits already. How many students have actually had Hamline pay for their fifth year? “It’s fairly rare, but it definitely has happened. Usually it’s one class, or maybe one semester that they get paid for,” Adams said. Hegarty can recall one student that was granted the fifth year at Hamline within the last couple years because courses weren’t available at the time the student needed them. Adams remembers one instance a while back when a student changed his or her major, but still declared the new one before the end of their sophomore year. The course sequencing of that particular major was structured in such a way that the student needed a fifth year at Hamline to complete his or her degree, and “the dean’s office totally supported that.” When a student does inquire about meeting the terms of the graduation assurance program, they usually meet with either someone in Academic Services, or the dean of their college, and each case is looked at individually. But the decision is ultimately up to the student’s dean. According to Adams, if the student has met every single condition except that he or she registered one month after registration opened instead of one week, for example, and that’s not what caused the problem, they still may honor the graduation assurance agreement. However, there are still many students at Hamline who take an extra year or semester to complete their degree, but do not fit the graduation assurance program profile. Hinderaker, for example, says she will most likely be at Hamline for five years. “If you’re like me and you’re declaring two majors, then you don’t fall into it [the graduation assurance program], and you do have to pay for it if you need to stay a fifth year,” she said. According to Hamline’s Institutional Research and Assessment Office, the university’s six-year graduation rate between 2007 and 2013 was 66 percent. About 59.6 percent of those students graduated within four years, 4.6 percent after five years, and 2.2 percent took six years to complete their degree. Adams explained there are various reasons as to why people end up taking

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a fifth year. “A lot of times it’s because somebody made a late change in major, or decided to maybe do a co-major in education, which is a big program to fit in,” she said. “Sometimes it’s because they had to take a leave of absence, so then in a sense it’s not really a fifth year, making up for that part that they missed. But every once in awhile, it’s because someone messed up, they missed a requirement, or failed a class.” The Bottom Line Each student has an individualized financial aid package. He or she may graduate within four years, possibly more, or possibly less if the student came in with enough credits knowing exactly what they wanted to study. But when it comes to money, how much debt are Hamline students graduating with? And what is that number compared to the rest of Minnesota, and the rest of the country? For privacy reasons and the difficulties of gathering such data, it is hard to come up with a precise average. The Financial Aid office keeps track of all educational loans that students take out. Even if a collegiate loan is taken out of a private bank, Hamline must certify it. However, if students are taking out a different type of loan, or using a credit card to pay off their tuition, Hamline would not know. According to the Office of Financial Aid, the average debt after four years for last year’s graduating class was $35,500, including federal and private loans. When just federal loans are taken into consideration, the average amount of money owed to the government per student was $25,857. The Institute for College Access and Success (TICAS), based out of Oakland, California, recently published a study on student debt for the class of 2012 on 1,075 public and private nonprofit fouryear colleges and universities across the country. All of the data gathered was voluntarily shared student loan information, and from the U.S. Department of Education. The study excluded loan information from transfer students and loans under parents’ names. Nationally, 71 percent of the students that graduated in 2012 did so with some kind of debt, at an average of $29,400. Minnesotan graduates had the fourth highest level of average student debt in the country - $31,497. Students from the Minneapolis College of Art and Design owe more money than students from any other school in Minnesota, averaging $43,650 in debt upon graduation. Second is Concordia University ($42,020), Ham-

“As we went into this year’s tuition discussion, we worked very hard to keep tuition costs as low as possible, while at the same time maintaining our high quality standards.” —Ann Ness, Vice President for Marketing and Enrollment Management line ($40,472), the College of Saint Benedict ($40,030) and the College of Saint Scholastica ($39,918). Other schools to take note of are St. Kate’s ($39,230), Bethel ($32,483), the University of Minnesota ($29,702), Macalester ($23,285) and Carleton ($17,289). Although the difference between TICAS’s data and the Financial Aid office’s data is about $5,000, the study took into account the debt from students of 2012, while Financial Aid provided debt averages from the class of 2013. Furthermore, both sets of data were collected through different methods. Taking both data sets into consideration, students from the last two graduating classes are leaving Hamline with debt averaging between $35,500 and $40,472. President’s Hanson letter claims that a college degree is still the best investment a person can make in their lifetime, and that Hamline offers strong national rankings, exceptional handson learning opportunities, acclaimed faculty, rigorous programs and an international alumni network of over 30,000 Hamline graduates. “We believe that we are above our weight class in what we offer our students, both in academic rigor and the quality of education our students receive,” Ness said. Regardless, Hamline is working to keep the increase in tuition from rising too high while promising to keep quality education standards high. “We have tried to hold tuition rate increases to a reasonable level, while increasing the discount expenses at a much greater rate in order to respond to students’ needs,” Hegarty said. “It’s a sign of the times.”


Hamline’s White House: 22

Photo courtesy of Hamline Archives


If walls could talk By Sarah Sheven

23


H

amline is proud

of its history as Minnesota’s first university. However, even though our campus has been at its present location since 1880, only two of the campus’ original buildings remain. One is Old Main, and the other is the former presidents’ house, known as the White House. The White House was home to nine Hamline presidents, whose terms spanned from 1912 to 1988. According to documents provided by Hamline’s Archives, the White House was more than just a residence for the university presidents and their families; it was a gathering place for students and the location of many university functions. Despite the White House’s role in Hamline history, the university’s 20-year development plan does not include preservation of the structure. According to Associate Vice President of Facilities Lowell Bromander, the house will be torn down during the summer of 2014. In addition, the older homes used as offices by Hamline on Hewitt Ave., between Drew Residence Hall and Pascal St., will be demolished. In the White House’s place, Hamline will construct a parking lot which will help to remedy a chronic shortage of parking availability on campus. The White House has stood vacant since 2005. Bromander said that one of the principal reasons that Hamline made the decision not to preserve the house was because it was not deemed a historically significant building. According to studies that Hamline conducted, the house did not meet the standards for historic building preservation. “To get on a historical register there are some criteria about the history and archeology of the building, the style of it, did any special events happen in it? It [the White House] didn’t hit the criteria,” Bromander said. Hamline also considered renovating the house for special events, but their studies concluded that this would not be realistic based on the expense. “Because of the style and age of the house, and because it’s made up of many small rooms, if you were going to use it as an event house, its not accessible; it doesn’t have accessible facilities,” Bromander said. Bromander also said though that historical elements in the house will be preserved and repurposed. Some of them will be

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The White House will soon be a ghost of Hamline’s past placed elsewhere on campus. Items which are considered important to preserve are railings, wood moldings around doors, fireplace grates, leaded glass windows, a claw foot tub and an antique stove. The house would also require updated heating and air conditioning systems if renovated, and according to Bromander, Hamline felt that the cost of adding these systems was not worthwhile because the building is not historically significant. Other considerations in the discussion about renovation of the house included the risk of lead paint and other environmental hazards, as well as the house’s location on campus. “The houses’ front door looks at the loading dock of the library. It’s not a picturesque view,” Bromander said. However, this was not always the case. A document recounting the house’s history quotes former Hamline president Richard Baily, who served as president in the late 60s and early 70s. He described the White House’s lawn as “green, green, green everywhere! It looked like a 1920s park.” The White House holds memories of a time when one could see clear across campus to Snelling Ave. from the second floor balcony of the house. Before Bush Library and the Giddens Alumni Learning Center were built, the White House’s front yard was the size of two football fields. A large Evergreen tree formerly stood in front of the house and every year it served as the campus Christmas tree. The surroundings of the White House are not the only thing that have drastically changed throughout time. When the house was first built in 1903, it was located on Hewitt Ave. where Drew Residence Hall now stands. Original construction of the home totaled $8,500. The front door of the house originally faced Old Main and it was right in front of what used to be Norton Stadium. Each time people attended a sport

ing event, they passed the White House. It was not until 1946 that the house was moved to its current location at 830 Simpson St. to make room for the construction of Drew Residence Hall. Before the White House was moved, Simpson St. ran all the way through campus. Today, it ends at the beginning of the Englewood Ave. side of campus. The White House was not designed purposely for housing the president’s family. Hamline graduates Joseph M. Hackney (1901) and his wife Jennie Hill Hackney (1902) built and used the house as a private residence. Joseph Hackney was a Minnesota state senator as well as an investor and realtor. Joseph Hackney, who was a member on the Hamline Board of Trustees, donated the residence to the university in 1912. The first university president to live there was Dr. Samuel Kerfoot. Kerfoot lived in the house until the end of his presidency in 1927. Through the years, the White House has seen changes in its structure. When the house was moved in 1946, a basement and an oil burner were added; in 1953 the house was reroofed, and a room was added. The bathrooms were remodeled in 1961 and new kitchen cabinets were installed in 1964; and in 1968 the grand front entrance was restored. The last significant renovation took place in 1988 when Hamline Trustee Elisabeth Mason and Hamline alumna and interior designer JoAnn Hanson headed a committee that refurbished the main floor of the house. Through all these changes, the house remained home to the majority of Hamline presidents until Larry Osnes’ presidency in 1988. At this point, the house became a functional building used to host overnight guests and university events. In 2005, when Linda Hanson became president, Hamline purchased the current president’s residence on Summit Ave. in St. Paul. Today, the White House lingers behind the rest of campus in an era long past. As Hamline moves forward to accommodate the needs of today’s students, the White House must relinquish its stately post. While the history of the house will remain immortalized in the archives, the campus landmark will soon disappear. Left: Document from 1945 requesting the relocation of the White House from Hewitt Ave. to Simpson St.


Photos courtesy of HU Archives & Lowell Bromander

Above: A hand-colored photo of the White House in its prime. Below Left: Staircase to second floor. Below Right: Sunporch with view towards East Hall.

25


FROSTBITTEN

By Colleen Schauer Florals

A

s I flipped through the most recent

copy of my favorite fashion magazine, I noticed that floral prints had made their way on to the pages. I like flowers as much as the next girl, but as I looked out the window and saw snow piling down, it was hard to imagine pulling off this trend in Minnesota weather. I set out on this assignment in hopes that I would prove myself wrong. First-year Gabi Favazza was the first fashionista to change my thinking. She modeled a short-sleeved black dress covered with a pink floral print. The dress was a vintage piece, and originally came with shoulder pads, which Favazza later decided to cut out. “I bought this dress at Goodwill because it reminded

26

me of a fairy. It’s a mixture of your grandma’s dress and a floral print similar to the recent trends,” Favazza said. Though wearing a sundress in the winter does seem a bit unconventional, Favazza’s outfit was appropriate for the winter season for a couple of reasons. Firstly, though the flowers were bright the black background provided the darker contrast needed for a winter outfit. Favazza styled her outfit in a way that was creative, while also keeping her warm by layering. “I like pairing it with long sleeves, ripped black tights and Doc Martens to contrast the frilly-ness of the dress,” Favazza said. Yarrow Mead, also a first-year, modeled a floral mini-skirt, which was slightly more casual than Favazza’s dress, but equally classy. Mead paired the skirt with a basic black long sleeved shirt, ripped black tights, dark plum colored leg warmers and flat dress

Photos by Colleen Schauer, Oracle


boots. Though it may seem obvious that tights and leg warmers keep you warm in the winter, they’re also a great way to accessorize. The ripped tights put an alternative twist on basic black tights. The dark shade of the plum leg warmers fit the theme of winter colors, without being as bland as a black, brown or navy. I knew that I was sold on the floral trend when I saw first-year Hannah Hron’s outfit, mostly because I’m a big fan of her source of inspiration. “My outfit was basically a tribute to my absolute favorite band, Vampire Weekend, and their signature floral print from their Modern

Vampires of the City release,” Hron said. Hron wore a floral-printed Vampire Weekend T-shirt, which like Favazza’s dress, featured bright pink flowers against a darker background. Hron also wore a matching hair bow with this same floral pattern. For those hesitant to dress in head-to-toe floral, hair accessories provide an alternative. “Besides commentating great music, the floral pattern also brightens up even the windiest of winter days,” Hron said. Michelle Nitardy, a visiting student, modeled a headband, which she wore with a long-sleeved flannel shirt, skinny jeans and boots. Though the outfit itself was semi-casual, the headband added an element of femininity, which made the outfit stand out. In keeping with the topic of accessories, floral clutches and small make-up bags are also innovative alternatives for those reluctant to fully embrace the trend. Junior Rachael Mills models a small black bag, which was originally intended as a makeup bag. Because this bag is a black floral print, one could use it as a clutch without anyone noticing. This piece is also small enough to work as a pencil bag, and give hope for spring between lectures and late night study sessions.

Those who are not completely sold on the floral trend aesthetically might be convinced to try a perfume. Though there are many lovely floral fragrances, my recommendation is Marc Jacobs’ “Daisy-Eau So Fresh.” Marc Jacobs is one of the many designers who created floral-inspired outfits for this season, so his fragrances appropriately match these outfits. This fragrance is cased in a whimsical bottle, with a bouquet of six tiny flowers atop the golden cap. “Daisy-Eau So Fresh” is sweet smelling, with notes of raspberry, rose and plum. If your nose is too stuffy from cold season to detect these notes, you could just admire the masterpiece of a bottle. Though I was skeptical at first, I turned out to be a supporter of flowers in freezing weather. I also picked up a few tips along the way. Firstly, sticking with a darker palette while wearing floral prints is a good idea; wearing a pop of color against a darker background is classy. Secondly, investing in items that are multifunctional, like the black makeup bag, is a creative way to remain fashionable on a student budget. Wearing florals during the Minnesota winter is a forecast of warmth to come.

Left: Nitardy modeling floral headband Above: Marc Jacobs’ “Daisy- Eau So Fresh” perfume Right: Mills modeling makeup bag repurposed as a clutch

27


By Bre Garcia

Make Some Noise

Killjoys

Illustration by Bre Garcia, Oracle

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Representation of race and gender matters.

W

hen the words

“coming of age story” get tossed around, it’s easy to imagine what the typical plot would be. For the boys, coming of age stories usually involve a grueling, but life-changing journey, taught in class with books like The Outsiders and Lord of the Flies. The girls, however, were treated to some story about a quinceañera where she really wanted to dance with this boy and had to figure out how to get her dad to agree to the dance. I don’t remember the name of this film and everyone in my middle school Spanish class ignored most of the movie. For a long time, I had to live my life with that quinceañera movie being the only coming of age story I ever saw with a non-caucasian female as the titular character. As a young Hispanic girl, that’s insulting. I didn’t become aware of a short cyberpunk comic called The True Lives of the Fabulous Killjoys until months after the first issue’s publication, but when I did, it wasn’t long before I got my hands on the six-issue miniseries. Written by Shaun Simon and former lead singer of My Chemical Romance Gerard Way, and with art by Becky Cloonan, the comic follows an unnamed 15-year old girl of nondescript ethnicity as she learns how to live in a war-torn desert on the outskirts of a industrial city. Eventually, she learns of a risky way to help

fix the war between the desert and the city, a method that can only be done by her and her alone. She has no parents. Her friends are few and far between. Her actions are, at their core, selfless. Best of all, though, is that she has no love interest and never “gives it all up” or “settles down” for a boy just because he tells her to. Sounds great? It gets better. There are two subplots in the story, completely unrelated to the girl. One of them follows a man who works for the corporate mastermind behind the city and the same-sex relationship he’s trying to hide from them. Eventually, the relationship is violently broken up by the corporation, but more on the grounds that the relationship itself was the problem, not the fact that it was with someone of the same sex. Despite the violence behind the move, and despite that it sends the man into a terrible rage over the loss of his lover, the fact that his lover wasn’t killed for his same-sex relationship was surprisingly refreshing. The other subplot follows the struggles of two poor prostitutes, again in a samesex relationship, as they try to escape the city to go live together in the desert. Their relationship is extremely difficult, but they are a very loving couple, even as one falls incredibly ill. To say that I was giddy to read the comic is an understatement. The lack

of representation of any girl that wasn’t white and who didn’t follow the tired predictable path of falling in love with a boy hit me hard, though I didn’t realize how hard it had hit me until I finished reading the Killjoys comic. Even with Disney’s Mulan, she still falls for a man in the end, which kind of defeats the purpose of an independent woman of color. Seeing a young girl, uncaring of the identity others pushed on her, rise above the odds and selflessly save hundreds between the desert and the city was something I needed to see, and it’s something I want others to see as well. Furthermore, as a person who identifies as bisexual, the presentation of several same-sex couples as being normal human people was relieving and endearing, again more things I needed and want everyone to see. The entire story, published by Dark Horse Comics, first ran in June of 2013 and released its final issue on Jan. 1, 2014. The True Lives of the Fabulous Killjoys can be purchased at local comic book stores or from the Dark Horse website. Comics may not be everybody’s thing, but stories always will be. All I wanted as a child was a diverse story with characters that represented real people rather than the typical white boy everybody seems to want to talk about. Years later, this comic gave me what I wanted. To that, I say and will continue to say: Killjoys, make some noise!

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TOP TEN INCIDENT REPORTS OF 2013 Compiled by Maria Herd & Preston Dhols-Graf May 1, 1:18 a.m. Noise Complaint A student reported that there were two people talking very loudly outside of Drew Residene Halls, near the dumpsters. When officers arrived on the scene, the two individuals were leaving and they did not seem loud.

Sept. 21, 9:38 p.m. Marijuana Disturbance A vehicle was reported to have a strong smell of marijuana in Drew parking lot. Officers located the vehicle. The smell was unfounded.

The Safety and Security officers of Hamline are tasked with maintaining a positive environment on campus, and they perform admirably. In the line of duty, they face situations ranging from the dangerous, to the mundane, to the downright bizarre. What follows is a list of The Oracle’s ten favorite Safety and Security incidents from the last two semesters.

Feb. 15, 3:33 p.m. Property Malfunction Security officers were dispatched to the basement of Robbins Science to check on some possible leaking pipes. It was determined that the leak was coming from plants that had been watered, not pipes in the building. March 6, 4:39 p.m. Pluming Assistance Officers were called to a room in the Hamline Apartments for a report of an overflowing toilet. The officers confirmed that the toilet was overflowing. A work order was submitted to Facilities Services. Sept. 5, 12:13 p.m. False Alarm A Staff member came into the Safety and Security office to report kids on bikes who sounded like they were breaking glass. An officer found the kids: they were throwing rocks on the ground of the Blue Garden Dec. 4, 5:20 p.m. Questionable Animal Tracks A workers reported large tracks in the snow by GLC, the law school, and East Hall, she feared they were from a bear and didn’t want to walk through campus. Officers looked at the tracks and confirmed them to be from a bunny. Nov. 18, 10:00 a.m. Disappearing Nudist An undressed male was discovered at The Pride House when residents arrived home. Officers were unable to locate the male in or around the area.

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Sept. 23, 10:24 p.m. Railroad Tracks A railroad track worker turned in a pair of shorts with a wallet in them to lost and found. The owner was notified and retrieved his items.

Sept. 27, 10:31 a.m. Rescued Bunny A professor reported that she had witnessed a bunny falling between the grates outside of Drew Science. The bunny was rescued and released into the Blue Garden.

May 2, 6:59 a.m. Stray Animal A white dog was reported running across campus. Officers tried to contain the dog in order for animal control to handle it. The dog ran across Minnehaha Ave, and officers were not able to catch it.


Whimsy Crossword by Jackie Bussjaeger 1

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12

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9

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15

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24

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21

29

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16. American intelligence organization

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17. Teacher’s assistant, for short

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21. Symbol for tellurium

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38

39

36 40

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26. Lee Kisling’s “Lemon Bars __ _________”

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61

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63

64

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12. Nothingness, in Farsi

24. Miss Texas 2011, Rodriguez

52 55

56

57

58

59

60

33. Sick

61. Short for, “that is to say”

34. What goes around comes around

62. National Letter of Intent, for short

14. Jr’s predecessor 15. Unbreakable

41. Grains

18. Cockney slang for “hey”

44. Lumps

19. Organization responsible for airline security

45. Snow shelter

20. They speak louder than words 23. State adjacent to Minnesota, with “North” 27. East Asia country 28. To make one 29. Command to halt a horse 31. Instrument of angels

30. Greeting 32. Change to a document 35. In a humorous manner 37. Ivy League university 38. Han Solo’s pal, for short

36. Where Prof. Yali You’s class 63. Satire spent J-Term 64. River on the Scottish 39. First responder border

13. Knees

23. Reaction to obvious statement

25. Captain of the Enterprise

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6. New York NFL team

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50

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1. Room below the roof

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45

48

Across

22. Not off

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44 47

14. Mozart’s “Moonlight ______”

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11. NSA surveillance program

18 20

9. Talent 10. Study of birds

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17

19 23

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46. Signed, best ______ 50. English crime writer Dorothy 51. Wonderful

65. Parrot from “One Piece”

Down 1. “Take On Me” artist

40. Severe airborne disease, for short 42. A knight of the Round Table 43. Call for help 45. Shakespearean verse 46. Relative size of two values 47. General Electric, for short 48. Artificial language intended to be international

2. “Ideas worth spreading” talks

50. Assent in Madrid

3. A drink with jam and bread

55. Liquor made with juniper berries

52. Not she

52. Not her

4. International Creative Management, for short

53. Solfege note; a drink with jam and bread

5. Talkative

58. Neither

7. Manning brother

59. African antelope

8. Creator of sculpture titled the Heech

60. Vision organ

54. Border 56. To indulge excessively

57. Gershwin brother

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2.5.14 (Special Issue)