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The

ector

Online Issues

Njitvector.com The Vector: NJIT’s Student Newspaper @TheNJITVector

Vol. XCVI | Issue 4 Week of February 19, 2019

@njit_vector

With Magnitude & Direction

The Sinister Politics of E-Cigarettes By Katherine Ji | Senior Staff Writer

"E-cigarette usage swelled 78% in high school students and 48% among middle school students in just one year..."

I

n 2015, Juul began releasing USB-rechargeable e-cigarettes and cartridges (called pods) with 5% nicotine content—the equivalent of one pack of cigarettes— while competing companies offered products at 1-2% concentrations. Since then, Juul’s popularity has exploded: by targeting a younger demographic, Juul found a seemingly unwitting niche market and as of October 2018, occupied over 75% of the e-cigarette market. In attempts to mirror Juul’s widespread success, other companies followed suit and increased nicotine concentrations. The results are astonishing. E-cigarette usage swelled by 78% in high school students and 48% among middle school students in just one year, from 2017 to 2018. By the end of 2018, 3.6 million middle and high school students were using e-cigarettes. Juul and its competitors claim e-cigarettes were created for and have always been meant to help adults quit smoking cigarettes. Although the long-term health effects are unknown, most professionals agree that vaporized cigarettes are safer than regular cigarettes since they lack tar and contain fewer known carcinogenic compounds. When we asked Leanne Burgos, a first-year biomedical engineering major, she said that Juul and other e-cigarettes have been a crucial step in her quest to quit smoking,

& By Parth Agrawal | Senior Staff Writer

recalling that alternative nicotine products did not work for her. However, it is possible e-cigarettes are doing more harm than good. Despite Juul’s conciliatory efforts to reduce trends of smoking in teenagers after coming under fire from the Food & Drug Administration (FDA), many activists such as Caroline Renzulli, Press Secretary for the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, state that Juul has already done all the marketing they need to target teenagers by establishing a large presence on teen-dominated social media, using brightly colored advertisements, and offering candy-like flavors. Now, the trend does all the marketing for them. Both Burgos and Jeff Chen, a firstyear chemical engineering student, agree. The students attribute their attraction to Juul to their flashy, yet concealable nature. “A Juul is relatively discreet compared to other vapes. It’s small. It’s easy. There aren’t so many moving parts that need to be watched over,” says Burgos. They also agree the party tricks and flavors act as a conversation starter. The appeal of becoming a “Juul fiend,” combined with such high nicotine levels, especially for nicotine-naive children, spells potential addiction. For example, Chen finds no reason to quit “Juuling” because he doesn’t feel any urgency to do so. Despite this, research shows that nicotine in any form is harmful to development of the adolescent brain, which is even more susceptible to addiction at that age. Trace amounts of toxic diethylene glycol and carcinogenic nitrosamines have been found by the FDA in vape juice. Additionally, dependency on any substance reduces quality of life. As an individual increases drug use

or frequency, they develop a tolerance, and more of the substance is needed to provide the same hit. Discontinuing use of the drug results in withdrawal symptoms such as headaches, irritability, and/ or drowsiness. Soon, the drug becomes the only way to feel ‘normal’. E-cigarettes are not regulated by the FDA and are not an officially approved smoking cessation method, such as nicotine replacement therapy with gums, patches, sprays, and lozenges. Instead of providing the addictive rush of a ‘hit’, these products help smokers by releasing low amounts of nicotine over time. Though vaping may be a significantly lesser evil than smoking and should be adopted first by anyone trying to quit, it ought to be only a temporary stopgap. The only proven, tested methods of quitting an addiction entirely are nicotine replacement therapy and medications combined with behavioral therapy. It may be possible to quit nicotine using e-cigarettes by slowly lowering nicotine content, but this would only be possible by tinkering with customizable vape setups, since Juul only sells pods at fixed concentrations. The evidence is clear: Juul’s campaign to get more people hooked on e-cigarettes has worked. Perhaps in a country where the number of smokers declines every year, this was the nicotine industry’s grasp at survival—targeting a newer, younger, more impressionable audience. Though e-cigarettes can undoubtedly be a useful tool and are safer for smokers trying to quit, Juul’s manipulation of the vape industry to get underage children hooked on a drug is dangerous and unjustifiable.


THE VECTOR

News

Week of February 19, 2019

THE VECTOR As the official student newspaper of the New Jersey Institute of Technology, our mission is to infom and entertain our readers, cultivate awareness of issues concerning the NJIT community, and provide a forum for purposeful, constructive discussion among its members. Deadlines for Articles or Letters to the Editor are due on Thursdays prior to publication at 10 P.M. Submissions should not exceed 750 words. For more information on submissions, e-mail: managing-editor@njitvector.com. Advertisement Reservations are due two weeks prior to publication and should be sent to: business-manager@njitvhector.com ADVISORS

This Week’s Weather

Tuesday, Feb. 19th

36-°F |21-°F 11 mph

Faculty Advisor Miriam Ascarelli EXECUTIVE BOARD eboard@njitvector.com Editor-in-Chief Cassidy Lavine editor-in-chief@njitvector.com Executive Editor Akinlolu Pelumi Aguda executive-editor@njitvector.com Managing Editor Carmel Rafalowsky managing-editor@njitvector.com Business Manager Daniel Cruz business-manager@njitvector.com Web and Multimedia Editor Victoria Nguyen multimedia-editor@njitvector.com Photography Editor Spencer Asral photography-editor@njitvector.com

32-°F | 30-°F 9 mph

Friday, Feb. 22nd

46-°F | 28-°F 7 mph

Operational Advisor Kristie Damell

Thursday, Feb. 21st

Wednesday, Feb. 20th

50-°F | 31-°F 10 mph

Saturday, Feb. 23rd

47-°F | 39-°F 8 mph

Sunday, Feb. 24th

57-°F | 37-°F 14 mph

Upcoming Events

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 20

8:00am - 9:00am 2:30pm - 4:00pm 2:30pm - 4:30pm 4:30pm - 5:30pm 5:00pm - 8:00pm

Campus Center Lobby Campus Center Atrium Campus Center Lobby Student Mall PC Lab 36 Campus Center Ballroom B

SAC Coffee Giveaway Major/Minor Fair Let's Talk Sustainability! FAFSA Workshops SAC Paint Night

THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 21 11:00am - 5:00pm 4:00pm - 7:00pm 5:00pm - 11:00pm

SENIOR STAFF Copy Editors Colin Bayne Adrian Wong Siri Uppuluri Marzia Rahman Daniil Ivanov

FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 22

Layout Assistant Shehab Ibrahim Katherine Ji Sandra Raju Birju Dhaduk

10:00am - 2:00pm 1:00pm - 4:00pm

Fenster Hall 225 Campus Center Ballroom B Campus Center Ballroom A

Practice Interview Day Life after PhD. Global Brigades Gala

Campus Center Ballroom B

Garbhangra 7:00pm - 11:00pm MONDAY, FEBRUARY 25

Krispy Kreme Fundraiser Pie Eating Contest

Campus Center Lobby Campus Center Lobby

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26

Business Assistant Paras Sakharkar

4:00pm - 6:00pm 6:00pm - 9:00pm

Senior Staff Owen Busler Kayla Mitchell Beshoy Shokralla Isaac Scafe David Korty Nicole Cheney Jonpierre Grajales Shanee Halevi Yasmine Ibrahim Daniil Ivanov Prem Naik Siri Uppuluri Adrian Wong Colin Bayne Katherine Ji Sreya Sanyal Rick-kendy Noziere

Who's That Pokemon? Game Night / Family Fued

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 27 8:00am - 9:00am 5:30pm - 7:00 pm 7:00pm - 10:00pm 8:30pm - 11:00pm

SAC Coffee Giveaway Post Common Giveaway Dress Down Ball SAC Movie Night

POLICE

STAFF Sreya Das Parth Agrawal Aaron Kellett James Nanchanatt Jagathi Kalluru Joseph Mauro Anuj Patel

BLOTTER

Contributing Writers Zackary Kellett John Hawks Rahul Kapoor Divjyot Singh

Memory of Dr. Herman A. Estrin and Roger Hernande z

NJIT Vector Summary 2/15/2019 Times Shown are Times Reported For 2/8/19 through 2/14/19

2/9/19 11:29AM Student reported her earphones were taken from the Honors College second floor. She left them unattended in the gameroom. 12:05PM Student reported he was the victim of an e-mail scam. The messages came from a company called Pershing LLC regarding employment opportunities. The student completed an application and received a check for $1,860.00 with instructions for cashing the check. The check was turned over to Public Safety. 2/10/19 12:59PM Student reported being the victim of harassment/

Kupfrian Classroom 203 Campus Center Ballroom B Campus Center Lobby CC Highlander Club Campus Center Ballroom A Campus Center Ballroom B

stalking. She received messages and texts from several different user names that were reported to India and Facebook. The student was advised to change her phone number and report any further incidents. 2/12/19 1:25AM Officers arrested two non-affiliates for possession of controlled dangerous substances subsequent to a motor vehicle stop on Central Ave. 2:11AM Officers arrested a non-affiliate for aggravated assault when he interfered with a police investigation and attempted to enter a parked police vehicle. The suspect resisted and

ignored commands given by officers until he was eventually apprehended. The incident occurred on Central Ave. 2/13/19 10:40AM Officers escorted a disorderly non-affiliate out of the Subway restaurant on Central Ave. 10:40AM The owner of National Fuel on Orange Street reported the vehicle of an employee was taken from the lot. All surrounding agencies were also notified.

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THE VECTOR

News

Week of February 19, 2019

Student Senate Update Vector Summary 02/6/2019

By Owen Busler | Senior Staff Writer Public Forum The Student Senate meeting on Feb. 6, 2019 began with a quiet open floor, during which Public Safety gave their semi-annual recap. Last semester Public Safety launched their EMT/Community Officer program. As of right now, there are six active community officers and over 20 EMTs volunteering. Public safety also pushed ALICE training for all students. ALICE training focuses on active shooter safety and stands for Alert, Lockdown, Inform, Counter, and Evacuate. Those interested in ALICE training should reach out to Public Safety to attend one of the three training sessions scheduled for: • Feb. 20 from 2:00– 4:00 p.m. in CKB 116 • Mar. 29 from 11:00 a.m.–1:00 p.m. in

CKB 117

safety improvements, the

4:00 p.m. in CKB 116

realized this semester and was quite successful. The biggest issue, which was foreseen and discussed at great length, was students not getting their approved

• Apr. 17 from 2:00– add/drop resolution was E-Board Reports President Jeremy Bedient reported on his meeting with Dr. Bloom, which focused on their goals for the semester. One goal is a scholarship paid from Student Senate’s endowment. This scholarship would target students that would otherwise drop out of NJIT for financial reasons. Both Bloom and Bedient agreed that NJIT should endeavor to engage more with the local Newark community. Bloom also stated that there has been progress on the county level towards road safety improvements around campus, including crosswalks and expanded medians. In addition to these

financial aid until late in the semester due to verification of presence not being cleared right away. The Dean of Students office stepped in to help the 325 students facing this issue. Lastly, Bloom shared that NJIT has over 10,000 applicants this fall which, coupled with the expected

69% graduation rate, are both great improvements for the university. Senate Elections A few senators ran for other positions this week to better serve the NJIT community. Michael Moussa, the former Freshman Commuter Representative, was elected to Computer Engineering Representative. Moussa plans to use his previous experience to solve issues with professors and help students pick concentrations. Christopher Maharaj, another former Freshman Commuter Representative, was elected to the Commuter Representative position, where he plans to use his new position to resurrect the Off-Campus and Commuter Association. Lastly, Kion Namjou

joined senate as the Freshmen Resident Representative. He plans to focus on and improve campus safety and GDS hours of operation. Ending Notes The open segment of senate's meeting closed with a brainstorming session on how to improve NJIT’s engagement in Newark. Suggestions included expanding the student discount program, greater advertising for community tutoring programs, a larger version of COAD’s LEGO community day, engineering days, and encouraging classes to explore Newark. Those with ideas on how to improve NJIT’s relationship with the city should feel free to reach out to any senator.

NJ News

New Jersey Raises the Minimum Wage to $15 By Mark Pothen | Staff Writer

Photo by Fibonacci Blue | flickr.com

Wage Worries Wage Worries Wage Worries Wage Worries

New Jersey recently became the fourth state to approve a $15 minimum wage, following California, Massachusetts, and New York in a continuing democratic state trend. NJ.com reports that the wage is set to move to ten dollars in July, and then systematically raise one dollar every year until 2024. This bill was approved by a democratically-held state legislature and signed into law by the Governor of the state, Phil Murphy. Amongst progressives, the passing of this policy is widely held as a huge triumph, with the New Jersey Policy Perspective, a liberal Trenton-based think tank, estimating that over 1 million workers will benefit from the wage hike. Democratic advocates argue that this measure will put people with a lower socioeconomic status on a path to moving up in the economy. However, the passing of this policy is not

without criticism. Republican lawmakers who opposed the bill argued that a significant rise in the minimum wage would stifle productivity, decimate the small business sector, and make getting a minimum wage job significantly harder. NJ.com reports that Assembly Minority Leader Jon Bramnick, a Republican from Union, said the minimum wage would cut unskilled teenagers looking for their first job out of the labor force. A previous version of the bill carved out teenagers, who put up a fight to be included in the standard minimum wage. “It’s not that small business owners don’t have big hearts and want to pay their employees more,” Bramnick said. “They simply don’t have the wallets.” Many Republican senators are also worried about companies switching to automation instead of hiring new employees.

To assuage the fears of small businesses and fellow Republican lawmakers, Democrats included a training wage, which is to be no more than 90% of the minimum wage, and a provision allowing a pause on the raising of the wage in the event of a significant economic downturn. Proponents of the policy address the issue of $15 being enough in 2024 by utilizing the precedent set by a constitutional amendment that went into effect in 2013 and required the minimum wage to climb with inflation. When the minimum wage rises to $15 in 2024, it will continue to rise based on the consumer price index. The ramifications of the policy implementation hopefully will not hurt the economy or business sector, especially with a similar push to increase the federal minimum wage drastically.

"They simply don't have the wallets."


THE VECTOR

News

Week of February 19, 2019 Campus News

How a Tragic Shooting Changed a Campus and a Brotherhood By Adrian Wong | Senior Staff Writer

On May 2, 2016 the NJIT community awoke to frightening news—a student had been shot and killed. Joseph Micalizzi was up late studying in his room when two criminals broke into the Tau Kappa Epsilon (TKE) house in an attempted robbery. During the robbery, Micalizzi was tragically shot and killed. Micalizzi was an aspiring mechanical engineer who transferred to NJIT from Brookdale Community College. In an interview with The Vector, TKE brother Kareem Awad, who was in the house during the shooting, stated that Joe “didn’t go to school initially—he worked in the restaurant business,” before attending Brookdale. At NJIT, Micalizzi had a 3.2 GPA and was on the Dean’s List the semester prior to his death. Awad described Micalizzi as, “a caring person” and was able to recall many examples where he would go out of his way to help struggling TKE brothers with issues both in and outside

of school. Within a week of Micalizzi’s death, both suspects were captured and charged. Taquan Harris and Nafee Cotman, who were 22 and 18 at the time, were arrested and charged with felony, murder, robbery, burglary and weapons offences. Over two years later, on Oct. 10, 2018, Harris and Cotman pled guilty to their crimes. Harris pled guilty to aggravated manslaughter, while Cotman pled guilty to armed robbery. They were one day from going to trial. Awad praised the prosecutor for “[finding] a way to serve justice without having to take it to trial.” On Feb. 7 of this year, Harris and Cotman were sentenced to 26 and 13 years respectively, with each being required to serve at minimum 85% of their sentence. Awad attended the sentencing and described Harris’s demeanor in court as “very disrespectful and non-empathetic toward the family, considering what he had done.” Regarding their sentences, Awad stated that, “Unfortunately no sentence can bring Joe back. Even if it was 100 years each, it wouldn’t have made a difference. Nothing brings him back.” Despite this, the sentencing was a moment of closure for many at TKE’s NJIT chapter. Awad described it as, “not even a relief, but a big weight off of my chest, especially concerning the parents of Joe who … at the end of the day, given the

Researchers have been searching for a new method to combat global warming. Since a primary cause of rising temperatures is the increase in CO2 emissions—which creates an increased greenhouse effect—a straightforward solution would be the removal of excess CO2 from the atmosphere. A team from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology and Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a system capable of doing just that. The research team was inspired by the ocean, which absorbs CO2 from the atmosphere, for their design. Coined

Capturing Carbon By Isaac Scafe | Senior Staff Writer

circumstances we had to go through and all the despair we had to suffer through, you can only imagine what the parents had to go through, and what his younger and older sisters had to go through.” Sam Abraham, the current President of TKE’s NJIT Chapter, was part of the first class of TKE brothers that did not have the opportunity to meet and get to know Micalizzi personally. Abraham recently spoke with The Vector and described the sentencing as being “fair”, and remarked that “It’s good because I have seen a bunch of the older brothers at ease ever since the sentencing.” Abraham said he spoke to many of the older brothers who felt, “[as if ] a weight was lifted off their shoulders,” after Harris and Cotman were sentenced. Micalizzi’s death has changed TKE in many ways. Physically, the building is significantly more secure, and brothers continue to further emphasize the safety of individuals in the building. Additionally, Abraham points out that TKE ensures new members learn as much as possible about Micalizzi. Abraham said, “When a brother dies, you don’t want their memory to fade away at all.” From their interviews, it is clear that Micalizzi will never be forgotten.

the ‘Hybrid Na-CO2 System’, the device is capable of producing electricity and hydrogen energy by absorbing carbon dioxide. The system works similarly to a liquid battery, relying on two liquids, an aqueous (water-based) solution, and an organic electrolyte (a substance that allows the flow of an electrical charge). The two are separated by a sodium super ionic conductor, or NASICON, membrane: a structure containing channels which allow the passage of sodium. This allows the electrolyte—in this case, sodium—to flow into the aqueous solution and separate. A positively charged sodium metal conductor (anode) is placed into the organic electrolyte while a negatively charged conductor (cathode) is placed in the aqueous solution. The cathode and anode are attached to an electrical circuit that creates a chemical reaction and stimulates the flow of electrons. When CO2 is added to the aqueous electrolyte, it

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NJIT Health

Student EMT-CSO Update By John Hawks | Contributing Writer

The Student EMT and Community Service Officer program began its second semester on campus and is eager for new club members and volunteers. Having begun last semester under the auspices of NJIT Public Safety, the student EMT and CSO program works alongside public safety to respond to the safety needs of the campus community. The organization is also a club under the Office of Student Affairs. Current Student Captain Dhwanil Kadakia encourages “any and all students interested in helping the community” to come out and volunteer for the club. Kadakia, a third-year business major, is also part of his hometown’s EMS and volunteer fire department. The student EMT and CSO program is meant to engage student volunteers with public safety, while also making the campus a safer place. Students are trained in first aid and CPR as part of the program, which looks to add more training in

dissolves and reacts with the cathode. This reaction causes the solution to become more acidic, creating electricity and hydrogen energy. While the concept seems promising, is it a viable answer to the issue of atmospheric CO2? During testing, the researchers discovered that their system was able to convert almost 50% of the carbon dioxide absorbed into energy. The other half recovered from the electrolyte turned into baking soda. Data also shows the system was able to run smoothly for over 1,000 hours without damaging the conductors. When compared to similar devices, the Hybrid Na-CO2 does not emit any forms of carbon dioxide. However, the device does have its own issues. In their study, published in the journal iScience, researchers acknowledge that “the discharge reaction of hybrid Na-CO2 cell is relatively slow because of the low conductivity of the ceramic NASICON elec-

the future. Volunteers who join the program can serve in many ways. EMT students are coordinated under public safety alongside other agencies to respond to medical emergencies as necessary. CSOs patrol the campus, work to spot potential dangers, and promote a feeling of security. Students should feel free to talk to a CSO on campus and thank them for helping to keep the population safe, despite being students and peers. Students are coming out to join the program. According to Kadakia, so far this semester over 30 students have expressed interest in the program. All student EMTs and CSOs are volunteers, and the club does not require a mandatory minimum time commitment to join. Those interested can reach out to Kadakia at dk423@njit.edu. Meetings are held on the first Wednesday of every month. One take-away Kadakia wants students to have is “ if you see something or feel unsafe to [sic] call 911 and help is on the way.” We are grateful for NJIT and Public Safety’s support and look forward to seeing what the future brings!

trolyte.” The researchers also expressed concern with the use of sodium metal, which is highly reactive when exposed to water or air and can be harmful to humans. Additionally, the Hybrid Na-CO2 System is an expensive solution. However, the team is dedicated to improving the components of their device, which seems to be an effective tool for the future. For many years, the main strategy to reduce global warming was to decrease fossil fuel use. Now, however, that may not be enough. The world’s governments aimed to cap the temperature rise at 2° Celsius, and the only way to accomplish that is by removing CO2 from the atmosphere. Studies estimate that carbon emissions rose by 2.7% in 2018. While carbon dioxide capture systems may not be enough to neutralize the threat of global warming entirely, innovations such as these make that goal more reachable.


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THE VECTOR

Features

Week of February 19, 2019 Eco Column

MICROPLASTICS A Not-So-Micro Problem

Students were asked, Have you heard of microplastics?

By Katherine Ji| Senior Staff Writer & Sandra Raju| Staff Writer

Yes - 19.4%

Plastics: they are in everything we use. They make our lives easier and are highly cost-effective but remain for hundreds of years and—if not properly disposed of or recycled—can degrade into microplastics. With a majority of the 14 billion pounds of trash in the oceans containing plastic, it’s no wonder most marine animals studied have been found to contain microplastics in their digestive systems. As the name suggests, microplastics are small pieces of plastic debris, approximately 5 millimeters or less in size, that have broken down from common consumer products, such as shampoo bottles, cosmetics, clothing fibers, and large plastic pieces that degrade into smaller fragments. The most prevalent type of marine debris, they are found not only in oceans, but also in large inland bodies of water, such as the Great Lakes. Because of their small size, many properties of microplastics can be altered through sunlight, bacteria, wave motion, and general seasonal changes. Weathering can also cause microplastics to become smaller in size, to a point where they can become chemical fragments that further pollute the waters. Since weathering further contributes to their small size, microplastics can easily enter the food chain. According to NJIT environmental studies professor,

Zeyuan Qiu, the prevalence of microplastics is highly dangerous to the environment. He notes that many of the types of marine life with microplastics in their bodies are “not intelligent enough to distinguish the floating microplastics from other small marine animals they feed on.” Alternative studies found that contaminants and bacteria can hitch a ride on microplastics. Therefore, when marine life continuously consumes the fragments, they accumulate over time in the animals’ bodies, causing their health to decline and ultimately, death. Eventually, this will affect the marine ecosystem, for some species may become endangered or extinct due to their continuous consumption of these microplastics. But consequences go beyond the boundaries of the ocean and can affect human health. Accumulation of toxins increases further up the food chain and has been discovered in human fecal matter as well. Despite the devastating effects of microplastics, public awareness of the issue is staggeringly low. When 50 NJIT students were polled, over 80% of students said they had never heard of microplastics. Furthermore, of the 19.4% of individuals within the student sample population who knew about microplastics, most had only a shallow knowledge of the

implications and sources of microplastics. Indeed, most of them could only recall hearing about microbeads in select beauty products or as a student recalled, inside “the bowels of a turtle.” As Professor Qiu explains, this sort of ignorance can have damaging implications on human health. Qiu notes that “stories like these should sound alarm [sic] to the human society: our irresponsible behavior has reached another limit.” Understandably, the ocean is large and a single man's efforts are small, but as Qiu reminds us with George Perkins Marsh’s centuries-old quote, “we are never justified in assuming a force to be insignificant because its measure is unknown, or because no physical effect can now be traced to its origin.” In fact, Qiu delineates that the only solution to this issue of plastics is to “reduce its use, to properly dispose them and ideally eliminate its use,”, which is only possible by alerting the public to the situation and finding alternatives to products containing microplastics. When asked about the cost effectiveness of ridding the world of these stock pollutants, Qiu notes that we must disregard the inconvenience of working towards more sustainable alternatives and consider the social and environmental costs involved instead.

No - 80.6%

Of the 19.4% of individuals within the student body sample population who knew about microplastics, most only had a shallow knowledge of the implications and the sources of microplastics."


THE VECTOR

Features

Week of February 19, 2019

6

The US Cold War Treaty By Parth Agrawal | Senior Staff Writer

The US is now on track to withdraw from a major Cold War-era treaty restricting nuclear weapons. President Trump delivered a statement on the Feb. 1 declaring that within six months, the country would cease to abide by the obligations stipulated by the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) pact if Russia does not dismantle its arsenal violating the treaty. The agreement forbids nations from constructing or testing conventional or nuclear ground-launched cruise missiles with a range of 300–1300 miles. Starting in 2014, the State Department under the Obama Administration began releasing reports indicating that Russia was developing a cruise missile—now known as the 9M729—since the mid2000s. To exploit the wording of the treaty, which forbids launch from mobile land platforms, Russia tested 9M729 at a range of over 300 mi from a fixed platform, which could conceivably be seaor air-based. They then tested it from a ground platform at a range below 300 mi, thus ‘breaking’ only one constraint

at a time and technically staying within INF specifications. However, as Secretary of State Mike Pompeo put it, “By putting the two types of tests together, Russia was able to develop a missile that flies to the intermediate ranges prohibited by the INF Treaty and launches from a ground-mobile platform.” In response, the Russian Federation has flatly denied any claims that the missiles were tested to INF range or could be inferred to do so. This withdrawal announcement is the latest step in a series of warnings and notices that the US has given Russia. On Oct. 20 of last year, Trump announced the administration’s decision to leave the INF accord, notifying Moscow three days later. On Dec. 4, Pompeo declared that the US would cease compliance with the treaty if Russia did not deliver a solution within 60 days, promising not to “test or produce or deploy any systems” within the 60-day period. The latest announcement in February is simply the fulfillment of this ultimatum, begin-

ning the six-month withdrawal period as stated in the treaty. Criticism of the withdrawal centers around the treaty’s significance as a triumph of Cold War diplomacy. Signed in 1987 by President Ronald Reagan and USSR President Mikhail Gorbachev, the deal represented the culmination of nearly seven years of on-and-off negotiations, spanning the terms of two American and Russian presidents. Commenting on the withdrawal, Gorbachev called it “not the work of a great mind.” The move comes as tensions rise internationally between the east and west, echoing the NATO-Warsaw Pact conflicts of the Cold War. As Russia consolidates power in Eastern Europe through annexations and by influencing elections, western countries have grown increasingly wary of the country’s advances. Representatives at the European Union proposed the creation of an EU army supplied by member states, and aim to devote at least 2% of their gross domestic product to the military bud-

get. In a recent series of inflammatory speeches, the United Kingdom Defense Secretary Gavin Williamson proposed an expanded international military presence for the country. His vision of a post-Brexit “Global Britain” alarmed the east, resulting in China pulling out of trade talks with the UK. As for the INF treaty, Williamson directly addressed it: “In NATO, we must stand firm against Russia’s non-compliance... if necessary being ready to deal with the threat that new Russian missile systems may pose.” Questions have also been raised as to whether the withdrawal represents a step towards an arms race. “We are going to terminate the agreement and then we are going to develop the weapons,” said Trump. However, if Russia is willing to negotiate, there are still 180 days remaining to come to an agreement—perhaps one that includes regulation of Chinese weapons, as well.

Following the President's February 1 announcement, the US is now on track to withdraw from a major Cold War treaty restricting nuclear weapons.

Why Aren’t NJIT Students Sleeping? By Alexis Telyczka | Contributing Writer

PHOTO by Katherine Ji | The Vector

Between 6 and 10 hours is the recommended amount of sleep per night for college-aged young adults.

On average, college students get between 6 and 6.9 hours of sleep per night, according to the University of Georgia’s University Health Center. The recommended amount of sleep per night for college-aged young adults is between 6 and 10 hours, according to the same source. Most NJIT students do not feel that they get enough sleep during the semester, according to a Google Forms survey distributed to multiple student group chats. Unempirical as this survey may be, it does give a small glimpse into sleep culture at NJIT. Of 42 stu-

dent respondents, 59.5% feel that they are not getting enough sleep. Most students (52.4%) reported getting an average of only four to six hours of sleep per night. Is this problem due to the structure of NJIT’s educational system, or the students’ social and personal lives? When interviewed about their sleep habits, students had varying explanations. Nirali Trivedi, a junior biology major, said she is not at all satisfied with the amount of sleep she gets. She gets, on average, “four hours…sometimes six or seven” in a night.

Trivedi participates in scientific research regarding “traumatic brain injury and the hyperactivity of cortical neurons.” Oftentimes, this research takes place in the early morning— usually around 8:00 a.m. This, combined with staying up late (often until 2:00 a.m.) “socializing, studying, and working,” prevents her from getting an adequate amount of sleep every night. When asked if she thinks socializing takes a significant toll on her sleeping schedule, she laughed, responding, “I wish I could socialize more.” Trivedi’s statements regarding socializing are consistent with the survey data. Over half of all responses to the question, “When do you get the least amount of sleep?” explicitly reference homework, classwork, or exams getting in the way of students’ sleep schedules. Meanwhile, only four out of the 42 responses overtly mention socializing as a hindrance to sleep. So, does the problem then lie within NJIT’s education system? After all, 52.4% of surveyed students report putting off sleep to get schoolwork done. Travis Schwarz, a fifth-year architecture student, says, “It’s really dependent on each individual class and how much homework the specific professor requires.” Regarding lack of sleep, Schwarz

notes that there are a variety of reasons why he occasionally might get little more than three hours of sleep in a night. “Sometimes it’s because I’m doing studio work, sometimes it’s people around my room being too loud, and other times my mind is racing thinking about everything I have to do the next day.” With all the time spent studying, and the lack of sleeping or socializing reported by NJIT students, the overall mental health of the NJIT campus is surely taking a toll. Says Schwarz, “I think [the lack of sleep] affects my mental health. I definitely feel less motivated to do anything, even things I enjoy doing, when I haven’t slept well the night before. I also tend to let things agitate me more when I’m

tired.” The reported lack of sleep is concerning for students’ mental health, and students should be aware of their own schedule and limitations, and work towards gaining a reasonable sleep schedule to better their overall well-being. If any student needs assistance managing their time or mental health, the Center for Counseling and Psychological Services, located in Campbell Hall, is available to all students. Additionally, the Dean of Students Office is always accessible and ready to help students with anything they might require for them to be successful in all aspects of their life at NJIT.

Students who feel that they getting enough sleep

Students getting 4-6 hours/night

Students who do not feel that they get enough sleep

Students getting more than 6 hours sleep on average


THE VECTOR

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Opinion

Week of February 19, 2019

Left, Right & Middle

Police want to remove the ability to report checkpoints in Waze. Is this ethical? Should they be allowed to do so? What does the law say? By Luis Andrade | Contributing Writer

By Nicole Cheney | Senior Staff Writer

Liberal L

Independent

Conservative

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o many commuters, Waze is as essential to the driving experience as lip syncing your favorite music or yelling expletives at bad drivers (unless you are that “bad driver”—then it would probably be praying). The fact that the community-based application would face criticism for its most valued feature is as surprising as it is expected. The digital dry-snitching doesn’t sit well with the New York Police Department, who feel that disclosing checkpoint locations impede on their ability to prevent intoxicated drivers from endangering public safety. While I do agree with the NYPD’s argument, one must also review the legality of such checkpoints and answer questions surrounding the ethics of unwarranted stops and the possible infringement of the First (freedom of expression) and Fourth Amendment (unreasonable searches/seizures). The argument centered on public safety should be a priority, particularly noting that in 2017, 29% of all automotive fatalities involved an intoxicated driver. Waze’s claims that their community-based updates are not meant to help drivers avoid citations, but instead motivate them to make “safer decisions”, doesn’t necessarily make the roads safer. Similar to running in a store, kids slow down when they see an employee but as soon as they turn a corner, its Usain Bolt again. Adults are just kids with better toys. All in all, the issue of safety is one that will not be resolved with the removal of a feature or implementation of additional checkpoints.

ecent complaints from the New York City Police department allege the use of the police flagging feature on Waze, a traffic and map app, to be liable to criminal misconduct. This most recent wave of complaints claims that Waze users may be using the functionality to warn drivers about sobriety checkpoints, which may be criminal if used to prevent the administration of Driving While Impaired (DWI) laws. This is only the latest in a long history of backlash from law enforcement regarding the app. In 2014, after the killings of NYPD officers Rafael Ramos and Wenjian Liu, concerns arose about using Waze as a means of tracking police. Civilians finding ways to communicate police presence is nothing new, however; in the 1970s, CB radio use peaked for the same purpose of which the Waze police-reporting feature is used – to warn fellow drivers of speed traps. Google, who owns Waze, believes the feature keeps drivers safer by allowing them to act with greater caution on the road. Fortunately for proponents of the first amendment, it is unlikely that Waze will remove the feature anytime soon. Just as law enforcement claims that there is no right to privacy in the public sphere to justify traffic cameras and facial recognition software, so should there be no right to stealth for traffic patrols lying in wait in unfair speed traps. Precedent holds that this is not only legal, but also easily defensible in court.

By Mark Pothen | Staff Writer

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iven my proclivity for speeding, I am generally appreciative of the ability Waze gives me to circumvent police speed traps. However, using Waze to avoid police DWI checkpoints is an entirely different situation. There are significant ramifications that come with the ability to evade these checkpoints, which can potentially lead to fatal accidents. For example, if a kidnapper using Waze can see where there is a police presence, the efforts of the police to arrest the kidnapper are significantly stifled and the kidnapper can avoid arrest. The New York Times reports that this Waze feature has been criticized before, with LA Police Chief Charlie Beck saying in 2014 that it could be “misused by those with criminal intent to endanger police officers and the community." Though the platform claims that legally this feature is within the scope of the law, I think that it is morally incumbent on Waze to make sure that all drivers using the platform are held to the standard of law that has been set regarding driving. This is not to say that Waze should be compelled through government force to do away with the feature, however, they should reconsider their position on potentially allowing people to abuse it.

Public Announcement

Graduate Student Association General Assembly Meetings Upcomming Dates

March 6th March 20th

April 3rd April 24th

May 1st Meeting Times are 4:30 pm 5:30 pm

Upcoming Events (sponsored) Garbhangra

Friday February 22, 7:00 11:00pm Campus Center Ballroom

GARBHANGRA Wear al tradition for clothes dining priority

Friday Feb 22 CC Ballroom 7:00PM - 11:00PM

First 50 People will re ceive free Da ndiya

Free Dinner Enjoy a night of Garba, Bhangra and Dance!

Bring Your Own Dandiya Dandiya will also be available to borrow for $10 deposit

Newly Established Clubs Drone Programming Club

A home for drone enthusiast and programmers to converge. Contact: Goggore Gao, Club President, gg345@njit.edu

Resume Building Club

A student run resource for career development and internship matching--for students by students. Contact: Milad Mirghahari, Club President, mvm25@njit.edu

Contact the Graduate Student Association NJIT Campus Center Room 480 University Heights Newark, NJ 07480 gsa@njit.edu Upcoming feedback sessions to be announced


THE VECTOR

Snapshots

Snapshots Career Fair Students practice their interview skills and elevator pitch at the Spring 2019 career fair.

Photos by Carmel Rafalowski

YOGA Hindu YUVA hosts an upa yoga session for all students to destress, strengthen their spines, and improve their mental clarity. Photos by Nuriman Tjiptarto

Week of February 19, 2019

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THE VECTOR

Opinion

Week of February 19, 2019

COLLECTIONS; voices from around campus

THIS WEEK: What were your thoughts on the career fair?

Each week, students send anonymous texts, emails, and mobile responses to our collections prompt. Note: all responses are

posted exactly as they were received. Understand there is an unwritten [sic] after every possibly erroneous (or not) response.

By Carmel Rafalowski | Managing-Editor

“I like to dress up on career fair days just so people ask me if I went to the career fair so I can tell them no, I just like to dress up.” “I was supposed to go but then I didn't.”

A CONFE RE NC E A T N J IT

STEPS TO A NUCLEAR WEAPONS-FREE WORLD SUNDAY, APRIL 14, 2019

9 A.M. – 5 P.M. NJIT WELLNESS AND EVENTS CENTER ARENA NEWARK, NJ REGISTRATION FEE: ADULTS - $50, STUDENTS - $20 Event Details: njit.edu/nuclearfree Today, roughly 14,000 nuclear weapons are in existence, ready to launch on warning within fifteen minutes. Nuclear arms are the only weapons of mass destruction not yet prohibited by an international convention. Recently, a letter was signed by more than 3,000 scientists, including 23 Nobel laureates, in support of talks at the United Nations whose aim is to make nuclear weapons as unthinkable as biological and chemical weapons. On April 14, 2019, New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) will host a conference on nuclear war entitled, “Steps to a Nuclear Weapons-Free World”, to speak out on the many facets of this critical problem. Nine experts will join the conference attendees to examine the crucial problem of reducing the nuclear threat to our planet. The Conference will be led by two renown keynote speakers joining the conference through live streaming: • Daniel Ellsberg, author of “The Doomsday Machine: Confessions of a Nuclear War Planner.” • Robert Jay Lifton, author of “The Apocalyptic Twins: Nuclear and Climate Threats.” Ellsberg and Lifton will be joined by: • Zia Mian, physicist and co-director at Princeton’s Program on Science and Global Security, and co-author of “Unmaking the Bomb.” • Bruce Blair, research scholar at Princeton Program on Science and Global Security, Macarthur Fellow and U.S. Air Force intercontinental ballistic missile launch officer. • Kelsey Davenport, director of non-proliferation, Arms Control Association. • Lisbeth Gronlund, senior scientist and co-director, Global Security Program at the Union of Concerned Scientists. • Laura Grego, senior scientist and expert on weapons in space, Union of Concerned Scientists. • Ray Acheson, Nobel Peace Prize winner for creating the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons or ICAN. • Elaine Scarry, Harvard University, Cabot Professor of aesthetics and the general theory of value. Registration includes a continental breakfast, lunch, coffee/tea break and a booklet of position papers by the speakers.

NJIT welcomes attendees from all area colleges and universities. For more information: Contact nuclearfree@njit.edu

Complimentary Parking

“I didn't go, because they never have anyone from the Automotive Industry and they all tell you to just apply on their website.” “There aren't enough good CS companies except for Facebook, but I already got a Facebook internship so what's the point?” “I didn’t go because the career fair is only useful for engineering and tech majors. Other majors don’t exist, apparently!!!”


GAME REVIEW

OPEN NOW Campus Center Lobby 11AM-8PM Mon-Fri. 11AM-5PM Sat.

From zesty pizzas to succulent garlic knots, we offer great food for low prices.


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THE VECTOR

Entertainment

Week of February 19, 2019

Do You Even Sudoku?

Horoscopes

EASY

Horoscopes credited to Poetastrologers

PISCES You are racing and yet you are slowly walking. You are slowly waiting for the light to turn. It will go from orange to yellow to blue. But those aren’t the things you were waiting for.

SAGITTARIUS People adorn things because why not. But despite your carefree attitude that’s never been a good enough reason for you. Remember all those summer trips where you stood and stared at a ceiling. They only have to happen again if you want them to.

VIRGO A clear point of everlasting light will present itself one morning. It won’t be due to time of day or even place. None of these things matter to an emotion flattened by time. If you could tune your heart you wouldn’t.

GEMINI

You will definitely do what you’ve been asked to do. A green balloon floats to the ceiling. Will you jump up to grab it. Will it take you this long to know what is best for you.

AQUARIUS You can do it only if you really want to. If the thing in red feathers does enter the room will you welcome it. You can’t be sure about anything. Trust in love.

SCORPIO In the back of your mind there is a blue circle that rings around something important. You are so sure it doesn’t mean anything and you watch and wait for the rain. Instead you might be clear about what you want. The truth is, it means something.

LEO

If you can’t sleep then don’t sleep. Asking for too much won’t be the answer. If you think you won’t meet the rose bird then don’t tell everyone you will. Don’t expect all the things you don’t even want.

TAURUS You’ve turned the lights off so now you can be sure you are sitting in a room of no lights. Eventually it will be evening again and it will all be blue. Will you write the same poem no matter what happens. Who will you blame it on next.

CAPRICORN People will be so nice to you and you will be grateful. But you don’t need nice you need support. If you could walk along the place where the water is you’d say so much. You’d say purple purple and then run away.

LIBRA

MEDIUM

A pile of pink glitter will appear. It may or may not be in the shape of your name. You’ve been telling yourself you’d better come to terms with it all. Don’t waste any more time standing still.

CANCER

You will fall asleep to the sounds of light lilac systems. When it’s time to get up you will ask anyone if they heard you call for them. What dreams are sitting out the window in blocks of ice. You can be sure that no matter what you’ll keep going.

HARD

ARIES Maybe you have some sense that giving up on something that seems way too difficult is a way to show how you’ve grown. Don’t just be a tree. Go deep into the possibility you know is not destined to happen. Once you’re free of feeling you are free to feel.

EVIL

Crossword Crossword credited to onlinecrosswords.net

Tweet @TheNJITVector a photo of your completed crossword puzzle (only if you can solve it, though)! Down

1. Sheltered bay 2. Geyserite, e.g. 3. Place for two black suits 4. Newsworthy time 5. Turns inside out 6. Certain body shape 7. Transfixed 8. ''Die Meistersinger'' heroine 9. Rug type 10. Copycat's request 11. Too big for one's britches? 12. Annoying gossip 13. Fragrant oil 18. Sukiyaki ingredient 19. Tower part 23. Inch back 24. Shoe adornment 26. Pitching error 27. Kyrgyz mountain range 28. A way to rupture 29. County in Missouri or Nebraska 30. Itty-___ 31. Like nightmares 35. Kind of matter 36. North American Indians 37. Put aboard 40. Business plan 42. Relevance 45. Proverbial heirs (with ''the'') 46. You get a credit for it 47. Russian coin 48. Do parquetry 49. Type of orange 53. TV spinoff of 1980 54. Earned a citation, maybe 55. Department of France 56. Puts on the small screen, e.g. 57. Swag 58. Hostelries 60. Sweet age in old Roma 61. Masseur's milieu

Across

1. Cryptographer 6. Plan ahead, for short 10. Seed of an Asiatic legume 14. It may be light or grand 15. Wasp's nest location, perhaps 16. Help in a way one shouldn't 17. It may be advertised 20. Forest denizen 21. Launderer's step 22. Seville ritual 23. Brit's air arm 24. Standoff, of a kind 25. Organ near the temple 26. Mother Hubbard had one 32. Smart follower 33. Borrower's burden 34. Brother of Fidel 38. Where most strikes occur 39. Flight coordinators (Abbr.) 40. One less than hexa41. Notorious pirate captain 42. ''___ boy!'' (''Nice going!'') 43. Like most films 44. Bad thing to hold on to 47. ''Blame It on ___'' (Caine film) 50. Time for les vacances 51. Be decisive 52. Not spotted 54. Man from U.N.C.L.E. 56. He had 37 KOs 59. Deadpan 62. ___ di Como, Italia 63. Tibet explorer Hedin 64. Driveway part 65. Balls with lids 66. Competing team 67. Shoe shapes


THE VECTOR

Sports

Week of February 19, 2019

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Women's Tennis Remains Undefeated With Victory Over Stony Brook NEWARK, N.J. --- The wins just keep coming for the NJIT women's tennis team. The Highlanders extended their program-best start to the 2019 season with a 4-3 home victory over the Stony Brook Seawolves Friday evening at the Naimoli Family Athletic and Recreation Facility. After winning its first three matches by a combined score of 19-2, NJIT (6-0) displayed its toughness by winning its third straight one-point contest over Stony Brook. "Winning another tough match and staying undefeated is certainly a great thing," head coach Zaki Abdelrahman said of the outcome. "I am not happy with how started the match. We were flat and not aggressive enough to win the doubles point. If we want to have a win on Sunday over Drexel, we have to play stronger and provide better

By NJIT Atheltics

tennis." The early struggles Abdelrahman referenced was the Highlanders' performance in doubles. NJIT lost its matches at the No. 1 and No. 3 spots to concede a doubles point for the first time this spring. That opening bit of adversity served as a wakeup call for the Highlanders when singles came around. The first three matches to finish - junior Mayar Eltony at No. 4, freshman Mouna Bouzgarrou at No. 2, and freshman Joleta Budiman at No. 1 - pushed NJIT from a 0-1 deficit into a 3-1 advantage. Stony Brook closed pulled within one (3-2) after winning the third flight but senior Rafaella Sampaio sealed the win with a straight-set triumph. NJIT will return to action at home on Sunday, February 17 as Drexel comes to Newark. First serve is slated for 3 p.m.

Paul Franzoni’s Two-Run Walk-Off Home Run Gives NJIT 5-4 Win Over Eastern Michigan By NJIT Atheltics HOOVER, AL—Sophomore co-captain Paul Franzoni's tworun walk-off home run lifted the Highlanders past Eastern Michigan, 5-4, registering the teams first win of the 2019 campaign Friday afternoon at Hoover Metropolitan Complex. Tied 3-3 going into the ninth inning, Eastern Michigan took a one-run lead, 4-3, after a two out, bases-loaded walk. A tworun home run off the bat of the Highlanders' Franzoni ended the game in the bottom of the inning. The win for the Highlanders marked the first win for firstyear head coach Robbie McClellan and first win for the Highlanders on opening day since 2005. Franzoni, a 2018 ASUN All-freshmen team selectee, tallied two RBI in four at-bats with one hit, his first home run of the season (fourth of his career) and two runs. Veteran outfielder Michael Anastasia finished 1-for-4 with two RBI, including a triple in the bottom of the fifth. Sophomore 1B Nick Hussey made his

first collegiate start, combining for a 3-for-4 performance while SS Justin Etts went 1-for-5 with one run and RBI. Etts got the scoring started for the Highlanders with a solo shot (fifth of his career) in the bottom of the fifth. On the mound, junior RHP Jared Kacso had a strong first start of the year, taking a no-decision after pitching seven innings, allowing three runs and fanning five Eagle batters. Freshman Grant Vurpillat entered the game in the middle of the ninth and picked up his first collegiate victory. The Eagles struck first in the game, as junior Nick Jones singled home senior John Rensel Jr. from third. Rensel reached base on a single, before advancing to second on a balk. A groundout to second base allowed Rensel to advance to third, before scoring on the Jones single. Eagles starting pitcher Jackson Shaver kept the Highlanders off the board the next two innings until the fifth. In the fifth a leadoff home run by Etts, followed by two hit bat-

RECENT RESULTS

ters gave way to a triple from Anastasia, which put the Highlanders on top, 3-1, until the seventh inning. A scoreless sixth made way for a two-run seventh for the Eagles, tying the game 3-3. In a series of unfortunate events for NJIT, with two outs, Eastern Michigan's Cameron Cruz reached on an error by NJIT and the Highlanders again allowed an Eagles runner, Devin Hager, to reach on the ensuing sequence. Cruz reached third base on the error and came around to score on Shane Easter's RBI to bring the Eagles to within one, 3-2. The third Highlander error advanced Easter to third base, setting up Nate Jones run-scoring groundout to tie at 3-all. In the top of the ninth, the Eagles loaded the bases via a single, two fielder's choice plays, and a walk, which resulted in an RBI walk to give the Eagles a 4-3 lead. NJIT led off the bottom of the ninth with a lead-off fly out by Etts, however a one-out single by Julio Marcano allowed NJIT

to step up to the plate with the tying run on base. That's when Franzoni stepped up to the plate and blasted NJIT's second home run of the game, a tworun shot to deep left-center, ending the game 5-4 in walk-off fashion. The two teams are set to re

turn to action on Saturday at 12 p.m. CT, and 2 p.m. CT, respectively. Both games will be played at the Hoover Metropolitan Complex in Hoover, Alabama. The series finale will take place Sunday, when the Eagles and Highlanders play a 9:30 a.m. CT matinee.

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