Page 1

The

Vol. XCV Issue 5 Week of February 20th , 2018

ector With Magnitude & Direction

The Saga of President Trump and the FBI FBI, headed by Director James Comey, released a report in which they concluded that Russian hackers had tampered with the 2016 presidential election. On March 2, 2017, Attorney General Jeff Sessions, after finding himself in controversy for multiple meetings with Russian Ambassador, Sergey Kislyak, during the campaign trail, recused himself from any judgement on the Russian election tampering investigation. The following May, Trump fired FBI Director Comey due to Comey’s persistent prodding into “this Russia thing with Trump and Russia.” Comey was temporarily replaced by Andrew McCabe, who was then replaced with current director Christopher A. Wray. In October and November of 2017, George Papadopoulos plead guilty to lying about his attempts to bring Trump in contact with Russia. Campaign Chair Paul Manafort and his business associate Rick Gates were indicted on twelve various charges that are awaiting trial. Campaign advisor Carter Page contradicted Attorney General Jeff Sessions’ testimony that he was not informed of Page’s contact with the Deputy Prime Minister of Russia. And National Security Advisor Michael Flynn was found guilty of lying about his off-record interactions with the Russian ambassador during the Obama-Trump presidential transition. Flynn resigned on Feb. 14, 2017, stating in his resignation that he “inadvertently briefed the Vice President Elect and others with incomplete information regarding … phone calls with the Russian Ambassador.” He is succeeded by

@njit_vector @TheNJITVector Njitvector.com

An Update on the Administrative Review of Dr. Jason Jorjani

By Daniil Ivanov | Senior Staff Writer It has been over one and a half years since the FBI began investigating Russia's involvement in the 2016 Presidential Election. June 16, 2015—nearly three years ago—Donald J. Trump announced that he would be running for the position of President of the United States. Shortly after, Russia and Russian news outlets showed favoritism to the dark horse candidate, seeing an opportunity to re-establish connections with the United States. After nearly a year of such political noise, Trump's foreign policy advisory council’s staffer, George Papadopoulos, met with a man in the United Kingdom known as the “Professor” in March 2016. The Professor, according to the official October 2017 testimony of Papadopoulos, had connections to Russian officials that had compromising information on Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton. In July of the following year, WikiLeaks and DCLeaks produced documents from the Democratic National Committee and Hillary Clinton. The following July, the FBI officially came into the picture with an investigation into the link between Donald Trump’s campaign and the Russian government. In November 2016, Trump was elected the forty-fifth President of the United States. The next few months were fairly quiet with the exception of then-President Obama’s retaliation for suspected Russian interference by sending Russian diplomats home on short notice during the holidays—a controversial decision. Two weeks prior to Trump’s inauguration in January 2018, the

The Vector: NJIT’s Student Newspaper

H.R. McMaster. The story died down for awhile after November 2017, until it was resurrected on February 2, 2018 by the unclassified release of a memorandum by House Intelligence Committee Republicans. This memo questioned the FBI investigation as the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) application filed for surveillance of Carter Page after his contact with Russia’s Deputy Prime Minister was based off of the dossier of Christopher Steele, an informant who was being paid by the DNC and the FBI for the same information. Steele was later terminated by the FBI for revealing himself as one of their sources, though the memo claims that “Steele should have been terminated for his previous undisclosed contacts with Yahoo and other outlets … but Steele improperly concealed from and lied to the FBI about those contacts.” The memo went on to state that Steele was avidly against Trump and his campaign, his reporting according to the FBI was “minimally corroborated,” and that the investigation of Page would not have come about without the Steele dossier. The memo then discredited FBI agent Pete Strzok, who led the counterintelligence investigation following the 2016 Papadopoulos scandal. On the ninth, President Trump denied the declassification and publishing of a rebuttal DNC memorandum, supposedly due to the nature of the enclosed information and it being deemed a security risk to declassify the information.

Tues Wed Thurs Fri Sat Sun Mon

By Victoria Nguyen | Senior Staff Writer Details regarding the investigation of former university lecturer Dr. Jason Jorjani are relatively unclear and will not be disclosed to the public for now. According to Matthew Golden, Chief Strategy Officer of NJIT, Dr. Jorjani remains on paid administrative leave as his contract with NJIT comes to an end this spring semester. Regarding the investigation, Golden says it was “completed by an external firm, and the findings [of the investigation] are confidential.” Contracts for all university lecturers are of a one-year duration and renewed annually. The Human Resources Department determines the renewal of contracts for the next academic year in the month of March. Dr. Jorjani was placed on administrative leave in the Fall 2017 semester following The New York Times’ publication of a video that featured him discussing his involvement with the alt-right movement as well as his controversial remarks on race and Hitler’s legacy. In a video secretly recorded by Swedish graduate student Patrik Hermansson, of Hope Not Hate, Jorjani predicts that “[In 2050], we will have a Europe where the bank notes have Adolf Hitler, Napoleon Bonaparte, Alexander the Great. And Hitler will be seen like that: like Napoleon, like Alexander, not like some weird monster who is unique in his own category — no, he is just going to be seen as a great European leader.” This prompted NJIT President Joel Bloom, on September 20, 2017, to issue an email to all faculty and staff denouncing Jorjani’s statements as “repugnant and antithetical to our institution’s core values.” Following the video’s release, the day before President Bloom’s statement was released, on September 19, Jorjani penned a blog post titled “Why I Left the AltRight”. He defended himself by stating that Hermansson’s video took his “nightmarish prediction of a future that would follow from Western policymakers’ failure to address the Muslim migrant crisis" out of context. Dr. Jorjani’s blog page has since been taken down. Dr. Jorjani taught two introductory Science, Technology, and Society (STS) courses at NJIT during the fall. He had close ties with Richard Spencer, an altright leader, whom he co-founded the AltRight Corporation with in January 2017. The Human Resources Department of NJIT offered no comment on neither Dr. Jorjani’s status as a university lecturer nor the completed investigation.

66° 73° 46° 46° 52° 50° 53° 56° 44° 37° 45° 44° 42° 39° NEWS

FEATURES

CITIZENSHIP PROCESS

CLUB SPOTLIGHT

Immigration has always been a major topic in United States politics, but few non-immgrants know how expensive and tedious (or not) the process of becoming a U.S. citizen can be. See page 4.

SAE Aero Design (“regular class”) requires competing teams to build an aircraft from scratch, fly a 360 circuit and account for passengers and luggage aboard the flight. See page 7.

ENTERTAINMENT

JACOB RIIS

While the overall condition of living has improved in America, much of it is due to the dedication and perseverance of many of the immigrants in the 19th century and onwards. See page 10.


THE VECTOR

News

Week of February 20, 2018

THE VECTOR As the official student newspaper of the New Jersey Institute of Technology, our mission is to infom and entertain our readers, cultivate awareness of issues concerning the NJIT community, and provide a forum for purposeful, constructive discussion among its members. Deadlines for Articles or Letters to the Editor are due on Thursdays prior to publication at 10 P.M. Submissions should not exceed 750 words. For more information on submissions, e-mail: m a n a g i n g - e d i to r @ n j i t v e c to r . com. Advertisement Reservations are due two weeks prior to publication and should be sent to: business-manager@njitvector.com ADVISORS

Campus Events Summary Wednesday 2/21

EXECUTIVE BOARD eboard@njitvector.com

Thursday 2/22

Friday 2/23

11:30am-3:00pm Arcade Night Campus Center Lobby Sponsored by the Student Activities Council

Editor-in-Chief Prasanna Tati editor-in-chief@njitvector.com

Annual Police Week

Executive Editor Steve Arciniega Castro executive-editor@njitvector.com Managing Editor Babatunde Ojo managing-editor@njitvector.com

Sponsored by the NJIT Police Department Monday 2/26

Informational Handouts by Officers Parking Deck Entrance

Tuesday 2/27

1:00-5:00pm Cops in Crosswalks Intersection of Lock Street & New Street

Business Manager Shravanthi Budhi business-manager@njitvector. com Web and Multimedia Editor Cassidy Lavine multimedia-editor@njitvector. com

3:00-4:30pm Commuter Feedback Session with Student Senate CC Ballroom B

Photography Editor Regee Lozada photography-editor@njitvector. com SENIOR STAFF Copy Editors Akinlolu Aguda Karen Ayoub Colin Bayne Shuhrah Chowdhury Katrina David Nanditha Lakshmanan Amisha Naik Scott Rogust

12:30-4:30pm The Career Fair NJIT Wellness & Events Center Sponsored by NJIT Career Services 6:00-8:00pm Java House: Leonard Outz Campus Center Highlander Pub Sponsored by The Student Activities Council

Operational Advisor Anthony LaViscount Faculty Advisor Miriam Ascarelli

Wednesday 2/28

Alcohol Awareness & Weather Tips CC Lobby

"Police Week has become a fun tradition at NJIT. We are very pleased to host events to strengthen the relationship between the Department of Public Safety and the university community we proudly serve each day. The department’s philosophy is to provide consistent and high quality customer service through operational and community policing initiatives while engaging the community in educational events. If we can influence, assist or educate even one person per day, then it was a productive day well spent. We look forward to continue working with all members of the university community to promote and practice the tenets of safety and security awareness through uncompromising customer service." ~NJIT Police Department

Layout Assistant Kaylin Wittmeyer Photography Assistant Yagiz Balkay Sports Editor Scott Rogust Senior Staff Spencer Asral Jonpierre Grajales Shanee Halevi Yasmine Ibrahim Daniil Ivanov David Korty Victoria Nguyen Ujjwala Rai Beshoy Shokralla Siri Uppuluri Adrian Wong

POLICE BLOTTER

2/13/18 2/9/18 12:39AM Officers arrested a nonaffiliate at MLK Blvd. and New Street for Driving While Intoxicated and an Open warrant. 5:25PM Officers conducted a pedestrian stop on Orange and Nesbitt Streets for an individual with an Open Container. A summons was issued.

Memory of Dr. Herman A. Estrin and Roger Hernande z

2

NJIT Vector Summary 2/16/2018 For 2/9/18 through 2/15/18

Times Shown are Times Reported

10:31AM Officers responded to the fifth floor of Weston Hall on a report that a banned student was Trespassing. The student was arrested, processed and released with a court date. 3:43PM Officers responded to the sixth floor of the Honors College due to a room smoke alarm coming from room 649. The occupant was vaping and triggered the alarm. The RA on duty confiscated the vape and the matter was referred to Residence Life.

2/12/18

2/15/18

12:58PM A wallet was found in the Campus Center that belonged to an NJIT Student. The wallet was returned but cash was missing.

1:02PM A non-affiliate was issued a summons for Panhandling MLK Blvd. 11:08PM Officer issued a blue summons to an NJIT Student at 265 MLK Blvd. for an Open Container.


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THE VECTOR

News

Week of February 20, 2018

Kim Jong Un and President Trump Impersonators Take on the Olympics

Shaun White Overcomes Injury for Olympic Gold By Babatunde Ojo | Managing Editor

By Babatunde Ojo | Managing Editor Almost every nation across the globe gather every two years – alternating between Summer and Winter – for athletes to compete against one another to find who is the best in their athletic event. It is usually a time for most nations to put their differences aside and enjoy the events together. During the opening ceremonies, audience members had the opportunity to see Kim Jung Un, the leader of

North Korea, and U.S. President, Donald Trump, together posing for photos. Except, it was not them. Many were confused as two individuals took the time to impersonate two of the world’s most talked about leaders. According to an interview between People Magazine and the Kim Jung Un impersonator, the two men decided to attend the

opening ceremonies together “to show the world, this is what peace could look like when two leaders get along.” Shortly after, both impersonators were escorted out of the facility in order to not cause confusion and deter any attention away from the ceremonies.

During his training for the 2018 Winter Olympics in New Zealand, Shaun White took an egregious blow to the face while attempting a difficult stunt. This accident resulted in him needing 62 stitches to repair the damage. Despite this setback, White still qualified for the U.S. team and almost snatched a perfect score in the Men’s Halfpipe event. During his last run, White was trailing behind Ayumu Hirano, Japan’s representative in the event, and laid everything on the line by attempting a 1440 (spinning in a full circle four times in one jump). Not only did White succeed in completing the stunt once, but twice to secure his third Olympic Gold Medal.

Medal Count Gold

Silver

Bronze

Total Count

11

9

8

28

10

6

4

20

6

5

6

17

6

5

2

13

5

3

2

10

4

3

0

7

Norway

Germany

Canada

Netherlands

United States

Sweden


THE VECTOR

News

4

Week of February 20, 2018

Pathways to Becoming a Citizen of the United States By Prasanna Tati | Editor-in-Chief

Immigration has always been a major topic in United States politics, but few non-immgrants know how expensive and tedious (or not) the process of becoming a U.S. citizen can be. The following page offers a very cursory overview of the naturalization process. Many parts of the process have been deemed too complex to delve into for this article, so selected details have been omitted. If you have further questions and/or are interested in learning more, please visit uscis.gov.

Part 1: Obtain a Visa to Enter the United States A visa, in the most basic sense, is an approval document affixed to a passport that allows non-US citizens permission to enter the United States. The following are a few of the many cateogries of visas granted to individuals: Nonimmigrant Visas B-1/B-2: For individuals entering the United States for business and/or tourism. F-1/M-1: For students attending an academic institution in the United States. J-1: For private sector cultural exchange program participants. C-1/D: For U.S. airline and cruise ship employees whose job requires them to frequently travel in and out of the US. H-1B: For highly skilled professionals, especially in STEM fields.

Immigrant Visas Immediate Relatives IR-1 and CR-1: For immigrants married to a U.S. citizen for less than two years. IR-2 and CR-2: For unmarried children, under the age of 21, of U.S. citizens. IR-3: For foreign orphans adopted by U.S. citizens. IR-4: For foreign orphans adopted domestically by U.S. citizens. IR-5: 1.For parents of U.S. citizens above the age of 21.

Family-Sponsored Preference F1: For unmarried children of U.S. ctiizens. F2: For spouses and unmarried children of U.S. Permanent Residents. F3: For grandchildren and married children of U.S. citizens and their spouses. F4: For siblings of U.S. citizens above the age of 21 and their spouses.

Employment-Based Preference E1: For individuals with "extraordinary ability" and renowned worldwide in their respective fields. E2: For individuals with advanced college degrees or "exceptional abilities" in their respective fields. E3: For individuals with at least a four-year college degree. E4: For individuals who do not need a labor certification such as clergy members. E5: For individuals investing at least $1 million in U.S. businesses or $500,000 in rural or high

unemployment areas in an effort to create jobs. Diversity Immigrants DV: For individuals from countries with low immigration rates to the U.S. Special Immigrants SIV: For specially identified subgroups that include but are not limited to Iraqis or Afghans translaters and U.S. Green Card Holders returning from a year abroad.

Part 2: Obtain a "Green Card" to Remain in the US Long-Term Individuals must first become Lawful Permanent Residents (LPR), colloquially coined "Green Card Holders", of the United States by sponsorship through one of four methods after obtaining a visa to enter the country (if they do not have a criminal record). Because Green Cards are given out in a limited number every year, per country, obtaining one (depending on sponsorship category) can take anywhere from 1 month to over 15 years.

65% (678,978)

Relative of a US Citizen United States citizens above the age of 21 can sponsor non-citizen parents, siblings, and children. Immediate and unmarried relatives are more likely to be offered a visa than married, nonimmediate family members.

14% (151,995)

In-Country Employment Individuals can obtain a green card through company sponsorship. Others with "extraordinary ability" and in a special category of jobs will automatically be sponsored for a green card. Special category of jobs includes but is not limited to an Afghan or Iraqi who translated for the U.S. government, international organization employee, Panama

14% (144,047)

Refugee & Asylee Statuses Canal employee, physician with a national interest waiver, and religious worker. In addition, individuals who make a $1 million business investment or $500,000 investment in a highunemployment or rural area, creating at least 10 permanent, full-time jobs, can obtain a green card without sponsor under this category.

After one year of residency, anyone with refugee status in the U.S. is required to apply for a green card if they want to remain in the United States. Those with asylee status can remain in the United States with asylee status and do not have to apply for a green card.

5%

3%

Diversity Immigrant Visa 50,000 individuals from countries with low US immigration rates are granted immigrant visas through an annual lottery program. Other/Unspecified

Source: US Department of Homeland Security

Part 3: Obtain US Citizenship Through Naturalization Lawful Permanent Residents who meet a number of specific requirements are eligible to apply to become US citizens after physically residing in the US continuously for 5 years (3 years if married to a US citizen).

The process of becoming a US citizen can take anywhere from a few weeks to over 20 years (depending on the visa an individual first obtains) and cost tens of thousands of dollars or more in lawyer and application fees.

At the time of application for citizenship of the United States, individuals must: -be at least 18 years old -be a lawful permanent resident -have been a continuous resident for 5 years (3 years if married to a US citizen) -have demonstrated good morals -be able to read, write, speak, & understand basic English -pass a test on basic knowledge of the U.S. history and government. A United States Permanent Residency Card or "Green Card".


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THE VECTOR

Snapshots

Week of February 20, 2018

"Talking Back to Hate Online" Teach-In The Murray Center for Women in Technology, College of Science & Liberal Arts, Albert Dorman Honors College, and Office of the Dean of Students & Campus Life teamed up to organize and successfully host the second series of NJIT Teach-Ins on Friday, February 16th in the Campus Center Atrium. This particular program was composed of a series of short presentations about how hate and misinformation can spread easily online, leading to an increase in sexism, racism, and xenophobia. After the series of short presentations, audience members were broken into discussion groups for the purpose of sharing experiences about dealing with hate online. Many faculty and staff members were in attendance to represent their respective departments, give presentations, and demonstrate their intent to fight back against online hate.

Photos By Fariha Tasneem


THE VECTOR

Features

Week of February 20, 2018

6

PREVENTATIVE HEALTH TIPS

Protect Yourself Against the Norovirus By Marzia Rahman | Copy Editor & Siri Uppuluri | Copy Editor What do you and the athletes competing at the Winter Olympic Games in PyeongChang, South Korea have in common? Both of you are vulnerable to falling ill by infection from the norovirus. As of writing of this article, almost 250 cases of norovirus have been reported and confirmed at the Winter Olympic Games, affecting staffers, competitors, and attendees alike. Although it is also known as the stomach flu, norovirus is actually in no way related to the influenza virus. Instead, the norovirus is a viral infection caused by a group of viruses in the Caliciviridae family. Norovirus can be contracted several times throughout one’s lifetime, as there are several diwfferent strains of the virus.

It is also extremely contagious, and can be spread very quickly in confined spaces, such as schools, daycare centers, and cruise ships. Outbreaks of Norovirus typically occur in the winter months, and the illness has even been dubbed “Winter Vomiting Disease” for its predictable seasonal outbreaks and most common symptom. The norovirus is typically transmitted through contaminated food or water. In fact, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention cite the norovirus as, “the leading cause of illness and outbreaks from contaminated food in the United States.” For this reason, norovirus is often transmitted by infected food service workers when they touch the food with their bare hands prior to serving it.

Norovirus can also be transmitted by merely touching contaminated surfaces or objects and putting one’s fingers in one’s mouth. Sharing utensils or food with an infected individual can also lead to transmission of the virus. According to the CDC, norovirus causes the stomach and intestines to become inflamed and irritated, also known as “acute gastroenteritis”. The most prevalent symptoms include stomach pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Other symptoms can also include fever, headaches and body aches. Symptoms such as the above often develop within a half a day to two days of becoming infected with the virus. Because of excessive diarrhea vomiting, victims of the virus are at high

Improving Your ELO Score on Tinder By Prasanna Tati | Editor-in-Chief

many score lowvering behaviors. For vexample, Tinder Plus users can swipe as much as they want while being as inactive or active as they would like without any ELO score penalties. On the other hand, non-Tinder Plus users who swipe over 2,000 in one hour will automatically have their account flagged and locked for twelve hours. It is estimated that swiping right on 30-70% of profiles a user is shown on a regular basis is ideal. Being inactive even for a few days

Given how highly contagious norovirus infection can be, it can spread very quickly on college campuses, especially in residential dorms. One of the first lines of defense that one can use to prevent infection is to wash one’s hands thoroughly and often with soap and water. Although alcohol-based hand-sanitizers can also be useful, they should not be used as a replacement for hand washing. Other precautions can be taken in food preparation by carefully washing raw fruits and vegetables and cooking seafood adequately prior to consumption. Furthermore, if you think you have been infected with the norovirus, it is important to not prepare food for others until two days have passed since your symptoms have gone away.

OPINION

ONLINE DATING SERIES

Tinder uses a rating system called the ELO score that determines whose profile you are shown, who sees your profile, and in what order. Many other dating apps use similar matching algorithms to yield the highest amount of matches possible. When a Tinder account is first created, it has no rating. Users are allowed to swipe on a wide selection of profiles. Based on whom a user matches with and swipes on over the course of the first few days, a score is determined. Many analysts explain the ELO score system as a 1-10 scale. If a user is a 5, they will be shown profiles that are 4-6 and rarely anyone else. If the user swipes and matches with more 4s than 6s, they will then become a 4. On the other hand, if they swipe and match with more 6s than 4s, they will become a 6. Users believe that if they are pickier with their swipes and reserve them for “more attractive” profiles, their ELO score will increase. This is false. The ELO score also depends on which matches you actually send messages to. There are also some users who swipe right on every profile in order to dig for as many matches as possible. This is worse than being picky, in terms of ELO score. A new Tinder update recognizes users who abuse the swipe right feature as bots. These users are flagged and given a very low score, making them mostly invisible to non-bot users. However, Tinder Plus users are rumored to get a free pass from

risk of becoming dehydrated. Symptoms of dehydration involve: dry mouth, feeling light headed when standing up and decrease in urine output. Unfortunately, there is no treatment for norovirus. Antib`viotics cannot be used because the illness is caused by a virus, not a bacterium. The CDC recommends preventing the main problem of dehydration by drinking plenty of fluids. For mild dehydration, one may drink sports drinks. However, to replenish nutrients being lost, CDC recommends “oral rehydration fluids” which can be bought over the counter. In regards to severe dehydration, hospitalization may be warranted where the person will have to be administered with IV fluids.

is something that can greatly decrease your ELO score as well. Essentially, if two users with high ELO scores swipe on one another, they actually help boost each other’s score. However, after a certain ELO score threshold, it becomes increasingly difficult to raise a user’s ELO score. Interestingly enough, it takes only a few swipes on lower-scoring users and/or inactivity to dramatically decrease any user’s ELO score.

The Illusion of Intelligence By Veronica Andrade | Staff Writer The bittersweet truth is that you are smart before you have experience. Experience is merely a measurement of how long you can dedicate yourself to a single manner of performing. Intelligence is how you approach a problem. You do not need a PhD in psychology to know yourself. You do not need to read a lot of books to gain knowledge. And neither do you need practice to exceed expectations. There are simple ways of learning which are interactive, such as creating a dialogue where questions, answers, and ideas are bounced back and forth. Even if you are first introduced to a new concept through someone else’s opinion, you can still consider what is being said and come to your own conclusion based on previous knowledge. Possibly the most important aspect of learning is how much of an impact a new subject has on you when you first attempt to learn about it. If you are introduced to a new topic that is presented without much enthusiasm or a chance to experiment, you may feel uninterested in the subject as a whole. Sometimes the best way to approach a problem is by having no previous knowledge and jumping straight into it with an open mind. At first this can be daunting as you may come to question every step you take not knowing what is right or wrong. The best approach is akin to “shocking the system”. How you adapt to your new environment – in this case how you tackle a new topic/subject – is what will define how much knowledge you can accrue during this phase of learning. Everybody has intelligence in different aspects of life and those talents show themselves at different stages of our lives. Some individuals intuitively draw better, calculate equations more quickly, move with elegance, or maybe excel in a smaller category that cannot be seen as easily. If you go over the same task repeatedly, overtime you will become more efficient and seemingly “more talented”. The best example of this is when you look at an upperclassmen who seems to be on the same track as you career wise. Intellectually you both may not be as different as it would seem, but your senior may have more experience in your field than you do at this time. To compare yourself to someone higher up on the ladder is to essentially look up and think you cannot climb any higher despite having the steps to succeed at your feet. How you get there is up to you, but it is best to remember that you are fully capable of reaching new heights.


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THE VECTOR

Features

Week of February 20, 2018

“There’s a lot of learning on the job and figuring it out as you go. But that is what it’s like as an engineer!” Emily Cort, a third-year mechanical engineering student, says. The three-day competition is set to take place in Lakeland, Florida, on March 9. CLUB SPOTLIGHT

SAE Aero Team By Shanee Halevi | Senior Staff Writer

S

AE Aero Design (“regular class”) requires competing teams to build an aircraft from scratch, fly a 360 circuit and account for passengers and luggage aboard the flight. For the flight portion of the competition, each plane must take-off and land safely so that the “passengers”, which are tennis balls secured in placeholders, stay in place. Scoring is primarily based on how many tennis balls are intact upon landing. A written, detailed report is submitted and graded ahead of time, and the third and final component is a 10-minute presentation at the competition venue. There are not many design restrictions: the wingspan cannot be over 12 feet and the entire aircraft must weigh under 55 pounds. The rest of the design choices, airfoil choices, dimensioning for proper weight distribution, materials, etc. are up to the team’s discretion. “This year’s goal was really to learn how to train the team to build the plane,” Emily Cort, third-year mechanical engineering student

and captain of the Aero team, said. “Of course we want to fly well, but there’s a learning curve for the first time doing anything. This was my first year as the captain, and that's a learning curve, too.” The mantra for this year is 'Make a plane. Fly it. Learn from our experience and other teams.'" Cort functions as the team’s project manager. She meets with advisors, delegates weekly tasks and approves design changes, as well as manages sponsorships and Alumni outreach. The Part Development Teams (PDT’s) include “Electronics, Front, Aft, Fuselage, Landing gear, Mid-fuselage, Tail, Wing, and Management.” The PTD’s are headed by their own team leaders, who are responsible for making sure their deadlines are met, but also must communicate with adjacent team leaders. Cort first joined the Aero team in her second year of college, though it did not compete that year. “The team was mainly made up of seniors, then me and two other sophomores.” The seniors graduated and Cort was promoted to Captain. The consequence of having a

predominantly upperclassman team is having to start from scratch every couple of years. “People would graduate and there wouldn’t be anyone left for the team,” Cort said. She has already started the recruiting process for next year’s build. “I’m looking for sophomores going into their junior year,” as they’re “more seasoned than freshman, but not too old.” “We have big plans for next year with all of our trials and error,” Cort said brightly. They plan to start early, prepping the team with a mandatory understanding of aerodynamics before any building takes place. “I myself am going to learn more so as a chief engineer I can have better design input," Cort said. Jigar Surati, the PDT leader for “Front” and “Aft,” and also a junior in mechanical engineering, looks forward to creating a new plan based on what they learned this year. “For the 18-19 year, we want to place extremely well," Surati said. The Aero team attributes a lot of the ease of the building process to NJIT’s new “Maker Space,” located in GITC.

Daniel Buteris, the advisor for Maker Space as well as the Aero team explained that, “If we didn’t have it, we wouldn’t be able to do anything-- we’d have to send our balsa wood out to get cut in a shop. It’s the best thing that’s happened so far to our engineering department,”. He has given the team access to the shop that has allowed them to cut, print and use the available tools for their build. “Anyone interested in airplanes is totally welcome to join [the Aero Team]”, but they should be prepared for commitment, Cort said. “We need dedicated and motivated people. It’s a lot of work,” roughly 8-10 hours a week, Cort estimates. “You don’t have to be an engineer, though we’re mainly looking for mechanical and electrical engineers. The design process is the same here as in any engineering company; doing stress analysis, research and development and considering financial options.” Surati added that “Aero is another opportunity for future engineers to see what they’d like to do with their degree.”


THE VECTOR

Features

20

Minutes

Week of February 20, 2018

With

Dr.David Washington By Akinlolu Aguda | Copy Editor

Q: What is your role at NJIT? D: My role as faculty is in the Newark College of Engineering, dually appointed with the Civil Engineering and Engineering Technology departments. My discipline is in construction. I also specialize in geotechnical engineering and pavements. Q: What are some of your hobbies and non-academic interests? D: I like to do activities with my son--like fixing iPhones and electronic gadgets. I also do some auto-mechanics, swimming, and long distance running, to name a few. Q: You studied abroad as part of your graduate education, what was the experience like for you? D: Yes, I was an exchange student for my PhD program from NIJT to about three schools. INSA, École Centrale de Lyon, and Normale Superior--all of these located in Lyon, France. It was fun. I was there off and on for three years, but sometimes it was challenging. There were some embarrassing cases where I could not speak their language properly and I took too much food in the cafeteria and got in trouble. Q: So you got your PhD at NJIT? D: Yes. Q: How did you get involved with NJIT? D: I was told by my advisor/mentor at Manhattan College to come to NJIT because it was a great school. Q: So you attended at Manhattan College as well? D: Yes, it’s where I did my Masters. Q: Where did you pursue your undergraduate education? D: Columbia University.

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Q: At NJIT, what are your favorite classes to teach, and why do you like them? D: I like to teach structural systems and environmental science. Structural systems gives students a good hands on experience with working with timber and a little bit of masonry. We get to go to the union shop and take a look at how things are constructed. And with environmental science -- it has a personal touch because it deals with a lot of environmental impacts--as students, personally, with their personal lives, as well as the impact of construction on the environment and how we can protect our environment. Q: How do you hope your students would describe you? D: Well, I want my students to know me as a humorous teacher, but also as a very technical and informative teacher. I would like them to appreciate their knowledge that is relevant to their future career goals and how I can advise towards achieving the goals that they want in construction. Q: What piece of advice do you have for students interested in going on for their master’s education? D: If they are going for their masters, I think they should sit with the advisor for the program that they are interested in, especially since there are so many disciplines that they can get involved with. I also advise them to do a little bit of work so they can get a feel of what disciplines of the field that they would be most valuable in, and also give them a better idea of which program to choose from for their masters. I also encourage them, [engineering students], to take their PE license and be certified in some skill area, as industry recognized certification or license will be very good for them to have. Q: What advice do you have for students in general? D: Always find a good mentor. Always have a three to five year career plan to work off of. Never wait until the last minute to prepare applications or resumes. Interview people. Always try to get as much exposure in the industry while you’re not married and do not have the responsibilities and pressures that adulthood would give you.

The full interview with Dr. Washington can be found on njitvector.com. Some adjustments have been made for clarity and concision.


THE VECTOR

9

Opinion

Week of February 20, 2018

On-Campus Opinion

By Marwa Moustafa | Senior Staff Writer

Not quite “Humans of NJIT.”

What's your favorite part of your major?

1

2

3 3

2

1

Karen Ty

Computer Science | Third Year

4

Camila Sierra-Gutierrez

Dana Channaoui

Kirby Romeus

Biomedical Engineering | First Year

Civil Engineering | Fourth Year

Mechanical Engineering | Third Year

"My favorite part of [Civil Engineering] is the atmosphere. Everyone is there to better and support each other. You're never lonely. I like civil because I'll be outside, on the field, seeing the designs coming to life, testing things on site. I also like that it's a very broad field. It can go into environmental or structural. There's a lot of opportunities."

"My favorite part is that [Mechanical Engineering] tests my critical thinking skills. My favorite class that I've taken so far is FED101. That was fun! It was a creativity type of class. We got to design stuff and it seems most similar to the stuff I'll be doing in the real world. In the actual field, my favorite thing is cars. That's why I chose this major. I could work on any aspect of the engine, forming panels for the body, or working on components of the motor."    

"I like that [Computer Science] is challenging. Right now, specifically learning discrete math induction and strong induction." 

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"What I like about BME is that it's kinda like becoming a doctor, but not necessarily becoming a doctor. All the things that I'm learning about will help hospitals and the medical industry. So whatever I do will benefits the lives of patients and that, for me, is the greatest feeling in the world. I actually did research here two years ago when I was in high school and I did celltissue engineering. I loved it so much!"

Left, Right & Middle Thoughts on Chain Migrations By Babatunde Ojo | Managing Editor

By Carmel Rafalowsky | Senior Staff Writer

By Adrian Wong |Senior Staff Writer

Liberals

Independent

Conservative

L

N

C

The issue with chain migration is that its hard to pinpoint how quickly it acts. When a U.S. Citizen files to have their spouse/child/parent from another country to come to America, the time it takes seems to vary. Finding the correct piece in legislation is what is really holding back my opinion of the matter. How many family members re admitted at once from one U.S. citizen? How long is the wait process? Can green card holders apply for the same amount of direct family members? Overall, this seems like a non-issue as chain migration has been a part of the American legal system since the time of the Immigration Act of 1924. Trying to abolish chain migration is just another excuse to prohibit decent people from entering the country despite that being the grounds for how our country was founded.

Chain migration is a simple concept that most of us are familiar with, although probably not under that specific name. It refers to the process in which one individual or family relocates from one town/area/country to another, and migrants from the individual’s original town follow suit. This progression is probably familiar to most readers, and with good reason; not only is it how many families migrate and ‘become’ American, but it is also how America transformed into the ‘melting pot’ we know today. I have mixed feelings on the matter of chain migration. On the one hand, I think it is an integral part of American history. I love the Little Italy and Chinatown neighborhoods of Manhattan as much as the next guy, and that is—to a certain extent— how my own family ended up in America. So how I can be against it? On the other hand, over the years, chain migration can seriously alter a location’s culture, which can be strange and discomforting to watch. I’m a commuter at NJIT and live in a town with heavy Korean and Chinese influence. In many ways, I think I think it’s cool and appreciate the influence on my town—I can pick up bubble tea, ramen, and Korean BBQ all within a two-block radius. On the other hand, many storefronts are written in Chinese or Korean, and I don’t like that much at all. I find it alienating, and wish they were written in English—since that is the standardized language of our country. That’s where I draw the line: I think chain migration is dandy until it alters a culture and locale to the point of going against American traditions and culture.

Donald Trump has made it clear that he wants to stop chain migration. The term “chain migration” is used to describe the laws that allow US Citizens or green card holders to bring their family members to the United States. Most people, including Trump agree that it makes sense to allow immigrants to bring their spouses and minor children to the United States, but the debate occurs over who else should be allowed. I agree with Trump that only those members should be allowed to immigrate to the United States. I think the right to immigrate to the United States should be earned by each adult who is then allowed to bring their minor children and spouse. I think they should all be thoroughly vetted. Then, if their other relatives want to come to the United States, they should have earn their right to immigrate as an entirely new family. I think the United States should do everything in its ability to make sure that immigrants are coming here to succeed and help our country rather than to leech off of our money. If a foreign individual can show how he or she is going to be helpful to the United States, they should be allowed in along with their spouse and children under 18. Anyone else should be seen as a different entity.


THE VECTOR

Opinion

Week of February 20, 2018

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How an Immigrant Changed America FILM REVIEW

By Jonpierre Grajales | Senior Staff Writer

Scene on the Roof on the Mott Street Barracks, 1974 taken by Jacob Riis. Photos courtesy of flickr.com.

While the overall condition of living has improved in America, much of it is due to the dedication and perseverance of many of the immigrants in the 19th century and onwards. Protests, petitions, and other forms of dissent with the current standard of living were occurring, but many Americans who did not realize the extent of the destitution, due to their detachment from the lower class immigrants, did not care. Jacob Riis was an American immigrant from Denmark. He, like many others, found that work was scarce and that the American Dream that many aspired to was a pipe dream. He lived in the slums

of New York for a time, went back to Denmark, but ultimately came back to New York as a police reporter. Riis loved taking photos of various things and passing the time with this newfound passion. His hobby of photography came in useful when writing police reports. He eventually used state of the art magnesium flash powder to light up the dark tenements and enlighten the New Yorkers on how the other half lives. Although Riis is well known for his book "How the Other Half Lives: Studies among the Tenements of New York", he started off with giving presentations in churches

Bandits' Roost, before 1890

throughout 1988, many of which were reviewed in notable papers. Rios then turned to print and put an article about the terrible conditions that immigrants faced in Scribner magazine. In 1890, the book was finally published and was a huge success. How the Other Half Lives: Studies among the Tenements of New York brought the sweatshops and dingy tenements into the line of sight of many New Yorkers. Riis played the heartstrings of the population by showing children working in factory jobs and in dangerous conditions. Riis blamed the rich for neglecting the poor and believed there was

a strong correlation between high crime rates, drunkenness, and other unscrupulous traits and the awful homes that many of the poor had. He ends the book with a call to arms for the rich to aid the poor and that it was a moral obligation to do so. Through photography and writing, Riis convinced a great number of Americans to help their neighbors and view the poor as a group that needs to be helped rather than ostracized. This was followed by the establishment of the Tenement House Committee and the New York Tenement House Act of 1901, which banned the construction of dark, poorly

Lodgers in a Crowded Bayard Street Tenement, 1889

ventilated, low-quality tenement houses. It is thanks to Jacob Riis and his love and dedication to fellow citizens that such a change in the world was able to take place. Even today, immigrant writers and photographers are documenting the still poor conditions of many communities around the nation and around the globe. Although Riis has laid the foundation for many great reforms, it seems the world still has a long way to go to make sure everyone has a proper home.

Sleeping, Homeless Children, before 1914

Films About Immigration By Andrew Megalla | Staff Writer

Immigration is a very important topic due to the fact that it is a top issue in today’s society. There have been many different movies made about this issue that are still widely enjoyed. The Godfather has been widely acclaimed as a top end film that entertained audiences about Italian immigration and becoming accustomed to life in America. This movie, while entertaining, displayed the struggles of immigration and the difficulty of getting to know other people, especially in a different country. The Godfather depicts America in the early stages of immigration. Through this portrayal, one can see how society back then is entirely different to society today. There are several immigrantrelated aspects to the film such as staying true to Italian ideals while absorbing American ideals. Immigrants in The Godfather are effectively painted as individuals, just like you and me, who are tasked with the difficult decision of developing a unique yet

appropriate identity. Another movie that portrays immigration in the United States is West Side Story. The movie is about The Sharks, a Hispanic gang that came to America and clashed with an American gang, the Jets. While these two gangs physically clash, many of their different ideals clash as well, which makes it difficult for the newly immigrated Puerto Ricans to become acclimated to life in America. However, West Side Story does not merely tell the storyline of two competing gangs, as the movie is actually a romance about a girl and guy from each side falling in love. Playing out like a modern Romeo and Juliet movie, this particular film will not disappoint, especially the music that will keep you hooked and singing along.

The Visitor is also a highlyrecommended movie that revolves around the topic of immigration. Unlike the two previously-mentioned movies, this one is relatively newer and has a different premise. This movie does not have a gang but is more thought provoking. A professor finds illegal immigrants in his home. Now most people would kick them out but this professor lets them stay. When one of the illegal alien men risks deportation after getting in trouble with the law, the professor does all that he can to protect this man. As immigration becomes a

more prevalent issue in today's political debates, people really need to see and understand the concept that regardless of status, everyone is a human being and deserves rights. These movies truly depict life in America and the struggle of coming to a new and unfamiliar environment. Despite the struggles these immigrants had faced while being in America, they were able to overcome such obstacles and proved that they too can be unstoppable.


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THE VECTOR

Entertainment

Mask of the Week:

Week of February 20, 2018

MAZE

Cut out the mask outline and eye holes! Tweet @TheNJITVector a photo of you wearing it.

Coloring Page

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THE VECTOR

Entertainment

Week of February 20, 2018

Horoscopes PISCES

TAURUS

LEO

SCORPIO

Your intuition, imagination, and insight have served you well on the job, and should pay off soon. A raise, commission, or perhaps a chance to invest in the company could be offered to you. Your self-esteem will definitely receive a boost!

Someone who is a student of natural healing may come to visit you and share some ideas today. You tend to be interested in matters concerning health, and you might want to learn not only about herbs and nutrition but

You’re feeling especially psychically and mystically inclined today, Leo. You might want to read about such matters or attend a lecture or workshop given by someone in the field. Telepathic communications are coming your way.

You’re normally a very intuitive person, and today you may experience clairvoyance that could rival Jeane Dixon’s.

AQUARIUS

GEMINI

VIRGO

SAGITTARIUS

A minor conflict with a romantic partner in the morning is likely to end with a tearful reunion and much reassurance by mid-afternoon. The end of the day could find the two of you planning a romantic trip abroad, even down to the restaurants you want to try!

Books and movies may inspire you to get involved in artistic activities. Your aesthetic sense is very high today, Gemini, and you may be drawing your inspiration from the higher realms. You might want to stroll through an art gallery or museum and try to sense the feelings of those from the past.

You’re usually a very practical and down-to-Earth person, but today you may be more inclined than usual toward mysticism. Spiritual matters seem extremely appealing, and you could find yourself gravitating toward metaphysical bookstores or seeking discussions with people who are well versed in such matters.

our imagination is flying high today, Sagittarius. Your interest in mystical and metaphysical matters is at an alltime high, and you could find yourself strolling through New Age bookstores.

ARIES

CANCER

LIBRA

CAPRICORN

You can count on a very idyllic and romantic day today, Aries. You’re feeling especially warm and sensual, and you tend to view the partner in your life through rose-colored glasses. He or she is very likely to regard you in the same way.

You could be feeling a bit flush today, Cancer, and therefore you might decide to do a little work on your house. This is more likely to be redecorating than any major repairs, as you’re more into beauty right now than practical matters.

Group activities involving meditation, psychic or spiritual topics, or artistic pursuits are probably very appealing to you right now, Libra. This is the perfect day to start a class or attend a lecture on such subjects. You could meet some interesting people who become close friends.

Some wonderful news concerning money and career matters could come your way today, Capricorn. Your natural kindness and sympathy for others has led you to make some good friends who are also valuable business contacts.

Sudoku


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THE VECTOR

Sports

Week of February 20, 2018

Devils Cruise Three Points Ahead for Wild Card Spot By James Lyle | Contributing Writer

It was a warm, wet winter night at the Prudential Center when the Carolina Hurricanes took on the New Jersey Devils. The Devils were just one point ahead of Carolina for the first wild card spot. Before the National Anthem, the Devils held a moment of silence for the school shooting in Florida on Wednesday, February 14. As soon as the puck dropped to begin the game, the tempo was all about speed. It was a back-andforth transition style game that seems to be the trend the NHL is skating towards. Around 13:19 left in the first period, the Devils started controlling the pace and had some grade A chances to score. This sense of Devils dominance lasted until 4:49 left in the first when Jesper Bratt took a tripping minor against Sebastian Aho, which gave Carolina their first powerplay of the game. During the powerplay there was a close call for Carolina to score when Keith Kinkaid and Andy Greene both lost their sticks and forced Blake Coleman to make a great block at the point and clear the puck. Just as the powerplay ended, Jeff Skinner scored by tapping home a rebound giving Carolina a 1-0 lead with 2:38 left in the first period. Just 14 seconds later, Taylor Hall

Final

Carolina Huricanes

2-5

New Jersey Devils

took a Delay of game penalty for shooting the puck over the glass in his defensive zone, giving Carolina their second powerplay of the game. The Devils kept the scoring chances to a minimum and just as the penalty was about to expire, Damon Severson took a pass off the wall from Nico Hischier and went

penalty on Damon Severson to give the New Jersey their first powerplay of the night. The Devils had some good scoring chances, but it was not until the penalty expired that Stefan Noesen tapped in Zajac’s rebound to give the Devil’s a 2-1 lead. Just under a minute later Brett Pesce walked in from the blue line and shot near side

rebound from Nico Hischier. To begin the third period Carolina dominated the play keeping the puck in the Devils zone for the first 4 minutes of the period nearly scoring. At 11:54 left in the third Nico Hischier got a pass from Taylor Hall to break out of the Devils’ zone and went down on a 2 on 1 odd

down on a 2 on 2 rush into Carolina’s zone. Severson shot far post and just above the pad of Scott Darling to tie the game at 1 with 18.8 seconds remaining in the period. The second period began the same way as the first with back-and-forth style hockey. At 15:32 left in the second, Jordan Stall took a hooking

through a crowd of players to beat Keith Kinkaid and tie the game at 2. No team controlled the play for a majority of the rest of the period. It was more of the back and forth play until around 3 minutes left in the period when the Devils set up zone control and eventually scored. Kyle Palmieri scored glove side off a

man rush. Nico shot far post just above the pad, almost identical to the Severson goal, giving the Devils a 4-2 lead. Taylor Hall’s assist here extends his point streak to 16 consecutive games, the most by a player in Devils’ history. When Hischier was asked in the post-game if he was

"It was a back and forth transition style game that seems to be the trend the NHL is skating towards."

thinking pass at all during the play he responded, “No I was first thinking pass and then I saw an opening and took the shot. Luckily it went in.” When Devils coach John Hynes was asked if Hischier shooting instead of passing shows his level of confidence now, he replied, “Yeah it definitely does, and after the game when we went in the locker room and the other coaches said, ‘hey finally he shot the puck and scored.’” The Devils scored just 30 seconds later to make the game 5-2. Stefan Noesan tipped in a shot from Damon Severson at the point to beat Scott Darling over the shoulder. This was Noesan’s second goal of the game. At 9:01 left in the third period Jesper Bratt took a slashing penalty on Justin Williams giving Carolina their third powerplay of the game. A minute later Jeff Skinner took an interference penalty on Sami Vatanen to make it 4 on 4. The play continued to be back and forth with no real surge by Carolina to tie the game. The game ended with the final score of New Jersey 5 and Carolina 2. This win tied the Devils with Philadelphia in points and gave them a three-point cushion ahead of Carolina.

Miles Wood Sees Huge Improvement in Past Year By Adrian Wong |Senior Staff Writer

Shot attempts G/60 P1/60 minutes

Miles Wood plays forward for the New Jersey Devils in a game against the Toronto Maple Leafs. Whether it is his blazing speed or his willingness to fight, Wood has always been an interesting player to watch. Last year he showed flashes of excellence when he would use his elite speed to burn defenders and generate chances. Beyond that, he was an awkward player who seemingly did not know how to maximize the effect

of his speed. This year, however, Wood has shown remarkable improvement. He now appears to be more fluid, an even better skater, and a much greater offensive threat. The average NHL forward scores about 0.7 G/60 (goals per sixty minutes) at even strength. Miles Wood only scored an abysmal 0.54

G/60 last year but has upped his rate incredibly to 1.13 G/60. In addition, he has proven to be a better playmaker, going from 0.27 A1/60 (primary assists per sixty minutes) to 0.38 A1/60. In addition to his increased offensive impact, Wood’s defensive numbers have also improved. Wood spent last season near the bottom of the league, only getting 41.3% of the shot attempts when he was on the ice. For reference, the average player on the average

Then

Now

41.30% 0.54 0.27

50.60% 1.13 0.38

team will get 50% of the shot attempts, otherwise known as Corsi. This season however, Wood is a positive Corsi player at 50.6%. Last year, compared to the rest of the Devils, Wood was 7.29% below the average Corsi. This year, he is 1.86% above team average. Most interestingly though, is that he is only slightly reduced his shot attempts against rate this past year. His largest improvement in his shot differentials come from a 17.2 increase in shot attempts per

League Average 50% 0.7

60 minutes. While Miles Wood has seen slight improvements in his defensive game, huge strides in his offensive production have made him an incredibly valuable player to the Devils. His all-world speed allows him to create offense in a system that emphasizes fast skating. Wood should be a quality player for New Jersey for many years to come.


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