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The Vector: NJIT’s Student Newspaper





Vol. XCIV Issue 12 Week of November 21st, 2017

With Magnitude & Direction

Free Textbooks? NJIT's Open & Affordable Textbook Initiative By Siri Uppuluri | Senior Staff Writer

Among the other stresses associated with a new semester, such as adjusting to new classes and making last minute schedule changes, comes the ubiquitous debate regarding textbook acquisition. Should I buy it or rent it? Can I find it online? Do I even need the textbook for this class? This debate hinges on the central issue regarding textbooks: their cost. A study conducted by the College Board in 2013 found that the average undergraduate student’s budget for books and related supplies exceeds $1,200 per year. In addition, the United States Government Accountability

Office, in a 2013 report to Congressional Committees regarding student accessibility to college textbooks, found that between 2002 and 2012, the cost of college textbooks increased by 82%. This is nearly three times the rate of inflation during that same time period. The high costs of college textbooks can be attributed to the textbook publication industry’s tendency toward anti-competitive behavior given that the consumers are strongly motivated to buy the products regardless of cost, so the major textbook publishing companies all maintain similarly

high costs for textbooks. To address this issue, NJIT is implementing the Open and Affordable Textbook (OAT) Initiative, with the goal of reducing the cost of textbooks for NJIT students. The OAT initiative relies upon use of Open Educational Resources (OER), and it is being launched by the NJIT University Libraries and Office of Digital Learning. OER provides participating institutions with teaching and learning materials that have been published online using an open license granting permission. Therefore, with the OAT initiative,

students at NJIT would be able to legally access and download digital files, print hard copies of materials, and keep/use copies of the materials forever, all at low or no cost. The initiative is being financially supported by the NJIT Institute of Teaching Excellence and the Office of the Provost. The idea for OAT initiative began in February 2017, when NJIT President Joel Bloom and Provost Fadi Deek requested the University Libraries and the Office of Digital Learning to explore the viability of an OAT program at NJIT. As a result, a team comprised of staff from both departments formed to develop a proof-of-concept pilot project. The team initially conducted a survey to gather data on existing OER use by NJIT faculty. Then, a call was distributed to NJIT faculty for grant proposals for the integration of OER materials into their courses. Later, in May 2017, of those who submitted grant proposals, 12 faculty members were awarded a $1000 grant each by the OAT initiative to redesign their curriculum and implement the use of OER materials in either their fall 2017 or spring 2018 courses that they proposed in their grant applications. Of the 12 faculty members awarded grants, 4 colleges are represented, with 3 NCE faculty grant recipients, 4 CSLA faculty grant recipients, 3 MTSoM faculty grant recipients, and 2 YWCC faculty grant recipients. According to Ms. Ann Hoang, NJIT University Librarian and member of the OAT initiative team, “The redesigned course curriculums range from Literary Journalism to Roadmap to Computing to Reinforced Concrete Design.”

One faculty grant recipient remarked that faculty seeking to integrate OER materials into their courses, “need more support to refine the materials and obtain more business cases.” Another faculty member described the benefits of the OAT initiative, stating, “I participated in the OAT project because of my belief that the university education now, more than ever, should not be restricted to textbooks in many cases. Students should browse and learn from available resources on the internet. With so much emphasis on research, this project sends the message that teaching/ learning is still important.” In March 2018, NJIT faculty can expect an on-campus OAT workshop for faculty “to learn more about the OER movement and how and why they should become a participant in the movement,” as stated by Ms. Hoang. For the student, this means the prospect of an increasing number of instructors and professors at NJIT using more cost-considerate academic materials. While OAT is still in its infancy at NJIT, similar programs using OER materials at other academic institutions have had positive effects on student achievement and academic material acquisition. Given the potential benefits of the integration of OER materials into course curricula across various departments and colleges, students at NJIT can look forward to increased accessibility to academic materials, which will hopefully mitigate, if not altogether eliminate, the debate students face regarding whether to purchase a textbook for a class because of its cost.

Whirl-Winds of Change

U.S. Senate's Tax Plan

By Aishat Aminu | Contributing Writer

By Daniil Ivanov | Staff Writer

As American citizens went about their daily work on October 8, 2017, one headline dominated the media. Hollywood mogul Harvey Weinstein was fired from his own company on account of sexual misconduct following the publication of a damning New York Times article on Weinstein’s behavior. In the weeks that followed, the name Harvey Weinstein became synonymous with sexual assault and predatory behavior as countless women came out to accuse Weinstein of sexual harassment in the past. The public looked on in shock as actresses like Gwyneth Paltrow, Angelina Jolie, Lupita Nyong’o, and Cara Delevingne came forward with their accounts of run-ins with Weinstein, exposing the extent of his sexual deviance. While these women shared their accounts, their fellow celebrities took to Twitter to issue statements of shock at Weinstein’s behavior and support for his victims.


However, for many people in the Hollywood industry, news of his behavior was not surprising. After decades of getting away with his predatory behavior, Harvey Weinstein was finally getting his comeuppance. As the numbers of Weinstein’s accusers continued to grow, Georgina Chapman-his third wifeleft him. Film associations such as the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and the Producers Guild of America revoked Weinstein’s membership. Politicians that Weinstein had supported in the past such as Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama also openly condemned his behavior. In what seemed like a blink of an eye, everyone had turned their back on Harvey Weinstein. Amidst the turmoil, actress Alyssa Milano took to Twitter, asking women who had been sexually assaulted to share their stories

using the hashtag “#metoo”. In a day, over 59,000 women had left comments and shared their stories of rape and sexual assault, shining a disturbing light on the American society and rape culture. Also, following Weinstein’s expulsion from the Hollywood elite, numerous high-profile men in different industries such as producers and directors like Andrew Kreisberg, Brett Ratner, and Chris Savino, comedians and actors like Louis C.K, Kevin Spacey, and George Takei have all been ousted as sexual predators. Many of the accused predators have been fired from their various jobs and or removed from projects that they were involved in. Kevin Spacey, for example, who was accused of preying on countless young men has been pulled from Netflix’s “House of Cards,” in which he played the lead role and other ongoing projects.

On Thursday the 16, The U.S. House of Representatives passed the new Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, narrowly getting it through with a 52% approval. Every Democrat in the House voted “No” on the bill, and only 13 Republicans voted against it. Of those 13, 12 of the Republicans came from the hightax states of New Jersey, New York, and California, due to there being a provision within the bill limiting the ability of taxpayers to deduct their state and local taxes from their federal taxes. The Senate is expected to vote on a tax bill after Thanksgiving before the new tax code can be signed into law by President Trump and then come into effect in 2019 when 2018 taxes are being filed. The House of Representatives’ passed bill cuts corporate tax (the tax paid by corporations on their

News 2 Snapshots 3 Features 4 Opinon 8

income) from 35% to 20%, doubles the standard tax deduction that taxpayers can use instead of an itemized deduction, limits taxpayers to deducting $10,000 of their federal taxes from state and local taxes, removes the health insurance mandate put in place by the Affordable Care Act, gradually repeals estate tax (tax collected after property is transferred after death), increases the child credit by $600 per child, and reduces the number of tax brackets from 7 to 4. The new tax brackets would be 0%, 12%, 25%, and 35%, and any income over one million dollars would still be taxed at the current 39.6%. Individual tax cuts within the plan would not have a date at which they expire. So far, the Senate has proposed its own plan, which differs from the House plan in that the child


Entertainment 11



Week of November 21, 2017

THE VECTOR As the official student newspaper of the New Jersey Institute of Technology, our mission is to infom and entertain our readers, cultivate awareness of issues concerning the NJIT community, and provide a forum for purposeful, constructive discussion among its members. Deadlines for Articles or Letters to the Editor are due on Thursdays prior to publication at 10 P.M. Submissions should not exceed 750 words. For more information on submissions, e-mail: m a n a g i n g - e d i to r @ n j i t v e c to r . com. Advertisement Reservations are due two weeks prior to publication and should be sent to: ADVISORS Operational Advisor Anthony LaViscount Faculty Advisor Miriam Ascarelli EXECUTIVE BOARD Editor-in-Chief Prasanna Tati Executive Editor Steve Arciniega Castro Managing Editor Babatunde Ojo Business Manager Shravanthi Budhi business-manager@njitvector. com Web and Multimedia Editor Cassidy Lavine multimedia-editor@njitvector. com Photography Editor Regee Lozada photography-editor@njitvector. com SENIOR STAFF Copy Editors Colin Bayne Shuhrah Chowdhury Karen Ayoub Katrina David Nanditha Lakshmanan Scott Rogust Photography Assistant Yagiz Balkay Social Media Managers Shrina Patel Marzia Rahman World News Editor Ianiz Patchedijev


Student Senate Update Senate Hard at Work Making NJIT Better By Rick "Daniel" Cruz | Senior Staff Writer The Student Activities Fund Review Board (SAFRB) approved a record 12 proposals towards Campus Improvements totaling $231,926.44. "This is the single largest amount spent on proposals to improve the campus in one semester ever," said Mark Neubauer, President of the Student Senate. SAFRB appropriates leftover funds from previous Senate years to improve Student Life and the Quality of the campus. Proposal ideas are generated by the Student Body and the next round of SAFRB proposals will start to formulate in December so that they can be finalized by the end of January. Kellen Kadakia, Secretary to the Student Senate, explained the process in which proposal ideas transition into becoming actualized. The Student Affairs committee, with 44 student members, decide on the proposals to work on and contact

administration, faculty, and vendors to make sure that the proposal is met to the proper criteria required by NJIT. The finalized proposals are then brought up to the entire Student Senate to be put to a vote. Finally, SAFRB goes over all the selected proposals and votes on whether they can be implemented on campus. President Neubauer outlined each of the proposals, starting with the Basement Offices in the Campus Center, which will benefit the clubs and organizations that use them. Each office will receive a brand-new desk, swivel chair, lounge seat, round ottoman, and white board. New tables, chairs, and lounge furniture will replace the old ones in the lounge space outside of the Game Room. Inside the Game Room, students can look forward to the installation of an air hockey table, foosball table,

and an arcade machine, which will have a large variety of games installed. On the first floor of the Campus Center, a couple massage chairs and napping pods will be placed in the lobby space for students to use. There will also be new furniture put in the 4th floor Campus Center lounges, Fenster Plaza (the outdoor plaza space between Fenster Hall and the Campus Center) and the second floor of the Library. The completion of the Water bottle filling stations project was approved; the final three stations will be installed in Faculty Memorial Hall, PC Student Mall, and the Mechanical Engineering Building. The most visible changes will occur on the Honors College Green and Campus Center Terrace. A portion of the Honors green will be paved so that more seating can be placed outside, as well as a "Solar Connect Table" which

students can charge their phones with. The volleyball court will also be relocated to the Honors Green, since the space where it currently resides will be utilized as part of the second phase of the Wellness and Events Center Construction. As for the Campus Terrace, there is a plan to plant up to 21 different species of perennial flora to help beautify the space. This being only the second year of SAFRB proposals, the aim was to "think big," said Neubauer. "The scope of SAFRB has expanded to target the whole campus." Without the diligence and hard work of the Senate and Student Affairs Committee, none of these improvements could have come to light. Moving forward, student engagement and conversation with our elected representatives will continue to be a pillar in improving and beautifying both the Campus and the experience students have here at NJIT.


the Joint Committee on Taxation, tax rates would begin to rise again in 2021, with Americans earning less than $75,000 per year paying more than they currently do by 2027, while those earning $100,000 or more would still be paying less than they currently do. The Senate will be voting on the issue in the near future, and it is narrowly split with 48 Democrats and 52 Republicans. California, New Jersey, and New York (the states whose Republicans voted against the House plan, even after some state and local tax deductions were allowed), have no Republicans in the Senate to vote against the Senate plan which may remove the deduction

entirely. Zane Nogueras, an NJIT freshman studying Biomedical Engineering, states, “as a resident of New Jersey, removing the deduction affects us negatively as a state, so I’m completely against it.” Removal of the health insurance mandate, which taxes citizens for not having health insurance as a part of the Affordable Care Act, would lower costs for those who do not have health insurance or wish to not have it, but a reduction in health insurance payers would directly cause an increase in insurance premiums. Considering Congress has tried and failed multiple times to “repeal and

replace Obamacare,” this seems to be a backhanded attack on the popular health insurance policy by removing one of its major points. The Senate bill has not been finalized yet, and thus there is still time and room for public opinion and lobbying to change the bill around. Considering New Jersey’s Governor-elect Phil Murphy has a multitude of plans which would be funded through state taxes, it is pertinent to New Jersey residents that the state and local tax deduction remain untouched in the federal tax code.

U.S. Senate's Tax Plan credit would be raised by $1000 per child, the highest tax rate would be lowered to 38.5%, the individual tax cuts would expire in 2025, estate tax would remain untouched, and deductions for state and local taxes would be completely removed. The new tax system championed by congressional Republicans intends to make the tax code simpler and to provide immediate tax relief for Americans in all tax brackets. However, according to

POLICE BLOTTER NJIT Vector Summary 11/17/2017 For 11/10/17 through 11/16/17

Times Shown are Times Reported

Sports Editor Scott Rogust Senior Staff Shanee Halevi Beshoy Shokralla Micaela Itona Zohaeb Atiq Ahmed Javed Riya Pamar Amisha Naik Jonathan Martinez Yagiz Balkay Nikhil Kanoor

11/13/17 1:02PM A student reported the theft of his bicycle from 111 Summit Street. 11:55PM A Rutgers Student reported that while his mother’s vehicle was parked in the area of Newark Street and Central, the rear passenger side window was broken. A Tomcat GPS was missing from The vehicle. The vehicle was parked in the location for five days.



Memory of Dr. Herman A. Estrin and Roger Hernande z


12:18AM Officer issued a summons to a Seton Hall Student at 317 MLK Blvd for possessing an Open Container. 12:21AM Officer issued a summons to a Seton Hall Student for possessing an Open Container at 317 MLK Blvd. 12:23AM A Seton Hall University Student was issued a summons for an Open Container at 317 MLK Blvd.

3:34PM Officers arrested a nonaffiliate off campus as part of an ongoing investigation. The suspect was processed and transported to the county. 3:58PM Officers escorted a disorderly student from the Central King Building. No further incidents. 10:57PM A student reported his bicycle was stolen from the rack located on the Campus Plaza.

11/16/17 11:02PM Office issued a summons to a Fairleigh Dickinson University Student for an Open Container at 279 MLK Blvd.

11:31PM Officer issued a summons to a Fairleigh Dickinson University Student at 279 MLK Blvd for an Open Container. 11:33PM Officer issued a summons to a Montclair State University Student for an Open Container at 279 MLK Blvd. 11:34PM Officer issued a summons to a Fairleigh Dickinson University Student for an Open Container at 271 MLK Blvd. 11:35PM Officer issued a summons to a William Paterson University Student for an Open Container at 267 MLK Blvd. 11:37PM Officer issued a summons to a William Paterson University Student for an Open container at 267 MLK. Blvd. 11:38PM Officer issued a summons to a William Paterson University Student for an Open Container at 268 MLK Blvd. 11:39PM Officer issued a summons to a William Paterson University Student for an Open Container at 269 MLK Blvd




Week of November 21, 2017


NEED HELP WITH A PAPER? Free Writing Tutoring is Available from the Department of Humanities

Make an appointment with Ms. Janet Bodner 973-596-5725

Cullimore 423 or

This is not a proofreading service, but rather one-on-one teaching, providing help with essay structure, grammar, coherence, documentation, and other aspects of essays. ESL students especially welcome. (On-line tutoring is also available.)

Photo Credit: Spencer Asral


ENG 352- SL2




6 pm to 9:05

This course satisfies the "Open Elective" requirement in Humanities and Social Sciences in the General University Requirements (GUR). 3 credits. Instructor-- Mr. John Egan

For more information--or if the section is closed--contact ESL Program Director: Dr. Jerry Paris 973-596-3282 Cullimore 422 / 416



Week of November 21, 2017

Local Organizations You Can Support in Newark By Siri Uppuluri | Senior Staff Writer

Given that the “season of giving” is upon us, perhaps, we as students, can attempt to give our time to any of the number of organizations beyond the NJIT community who work to better the greater Newark community that we are also a part of. These organizations serve the local populations of Newark, and always welcome the eager college student interested in volunteering their time. One such organization is the Urban League of Essex County (ULEC), which is composed of a group of professionals, volunteers, and trustees who seek to sponsor programs and initiatives “dedicated to improving the lives of disadvantaged residents throughout Essex County." The ULEC was founded in 1917 on the basis of providing a support system to help African Americans and other disadvantaged residents of Essex County to achieve economic and social self-sufficiency. With a varied approach to community development and empowerment of residents, the ULEC has implemented a range of different programs addressing various issues prevalent in local communities, including access to affordable children’s education, housing counseling, financial literacy education, and youth reentry and empowerment programs. Volunteers are always welcome to assist with ULEC associated programs and initiatives, including serving in the youth education projects, adult tutoring programs/workshops, fundraising events, and community beautification works. Interested volunteers can access a short form on the ULEC website, or visit their office at 508 Central Avenue, located about a mile away from NJIT. Another organization working to serve the Newark community at large is the Greater Newark Conservancy. According to

their mission statement, the organization seeks to promote “environmental stewardship to improve the quality of life in New Jersey’s urban communities.” The Greater Newark Conservancy maintains two different farms in the city of Newark. At the Court Street Urban Farm, you can hear the clucks of chickens on the almost acre-large piece of land situated next to the Krueger-Scott Mansion, a Newark landmark. In just one growing season the farm alone was able to produce over 15,000 pounds of produce. The farm has been a source of locally sourced, fresh, healthy food for the Newark community through their Farm Stand Program. The other farm owned by the Greater Newark Conservancy is the Hawthorne Avenue farm, which is a 2.5 acre site that features rows of peppers, eggplants, tomatoes, beans, melons, and squash plants. Both the Hawthorne Avenue Farm and the Court Street Urban Farm are sustained through the efforts of volunteers, participants in various programs sponsored by the Conservancy, and local residents. The Hawthorne Avenue Farm even hosts Open Volunteer Days on the fourth Saturday of every month between April and October. In addition to providing locally sourced foods to local residents, the Greater Newark Conservancy also hosts numerous community events that are designed to educate and interest residents of all ages. For example, in the upcoming weeks, the organization will be hosting their first ever Holiday Market on December 2. The organization always welcomes volunteers; individuals and groups of students can reach out to the organization to inquire about regular volunteer opportunities through their

Preventative Health Tips The Flu Season

By Marzia Rahman | Copy Editor & By Siri Uppuluri | Senior Staff Writer According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, seasonal influenza is most common in the United States during the fall and winter time, anywhere from late November to March. Seasonal Influenza, also referred to as the flu, is a contagious illness which targets the respiratory system and is caused by the influenza virus. Specifically, it can infect the nose, throat and sometimes, the lungs. The contagiousness of the viral infection lies in the fact that it is spread by tiny droplets that are dispersed when people cough, sneeze, or speak. The CDC recommends that all people, six months or older, should get the flu vaccine annually. If possible, it is best to get the flu shot by the end of the month of October or at least before the flu

spreads to your local community. It often takes about two weeks for the body to develop protection against the flu after receiving the vaccination. However, there are people who should not get the flu shot; these include children younger than six months and people who are allergic to any of the ingredients in the vaccine. To be safe, it is best to talk with your doctor if you have any concerns. According to the CDC, vaccines are recommended because research has demonstrated that they can decrease the risk of getting infected by 40-60%. The effectiveness of the vaccine may increase further if there is a match between the vaccine and the flu virus that is circulating at the time of administration. Further benefits of the vaccine include a reduced chance for

Blood Drive on Campus


By Kalyani Velamuri | Contributing Writer

website. In fact, one student group at NJIT, the Biology Society, has an existing partnership with the Greater Newark Conservancy. For instance, in October, members of the Biology Society volunteered at the Conservancy’s Fall Block Party. Jersey Cares is another volunteer organization that serves the needs of Newark residents. While the organization leads volunteer initiatives around New Jersey, several initiatives are based in Newark specifically. The mission of Jersey Cares is to serve as a unique volunteer organization that “increases the level of meaningful volunteer engagement by creating and managing efficient, impactful projects.” Jersey Cares maintains a regularly updated, comprehensive “Volunteer Opportunity Calendar” of one-day volunteer events and programs that interested NJIT students can view and register for through their website. Such oneday service programs include “Community Clean Sweep” programs, which involve service toward beautification of various sites in Newark to open them for community use, and “Hunger Helpers” programs, which involve joining other volunteers in helping prepare and distribute meals in Newark. These are just two of several different types of programs run by Jersey Cares. The ULEC, Greater Newark Conservatory, and Jersey Cares are only a few of the many local organizations serving Newark residents. There are a variety of skills needed by these organizations, and they are always eager to welcome new volunteers. As members of the NJIT community and greater Newark community, we can consider giving back to our community through such organizations.

Blood donation, while largely known as a common humanitarian act with health benefits, still have common misbeliefs attached to the act. Recently, Pre-Health Society and Red Cross League hosted a blood donation in the Campus Center Atrium, and arranged for students to donate blood on campus. Some common myths that prevent potential donors from donating blood include seasonal allergies, high cholesterol or blood pressure, being diabetic, iron deficiency , etc. However, if one maintains general wellness with medication for their medical conditions, blood donations are actually welcome. In other words, by meeting some medical requirements, a diabetic person can also donate blood without any restrictions; if you have a parent or relative who is at the age of or below 60, check with their doctor and ask them to donate. Donating blood is not just known to save the lives of those in need, it is also a benefit in return as it keeps iron levels in the blood of donors balanced. This yields anti-cancer benefits by allowing for a healthy flow of blood from renewing every time one gives. Weight loss and many more benefits follow from. However, it is always important to plan ahead for blood donations and know what to do before and after the donation process. Knowing precautions after donation will help prevent fainting or dizziness and will help your body regulate active blood circulation post donation. There are some general criteria one must meet in order to donate blood such as age (17 or older), a healthy weight of 110 lbs. (or more for those below 17),

general wellness, travel history (for any potential disease passing concerns), etc. Prior to the day of donation, hydrate yourself by drinking plenty of water and fruit juices as dehydration could lead to fainting and dizziness after donation. On the day of the donation, it is important to have a good breakfast or lunch (depending on the time you donate) that is rich in iron to help your body absorb required iron levels in order to donate blood. The healthy levels of iron to have in order to be eligible to donate is above 12%, and having drinks like orange juice, supplemented by leafy vegetables, or fish, chicken can add to your benefit. Hours prior to donating, it is important to eat salty foods as you will lose sodium in your body, which could lead to a drop in your blood pressure and can cause fainting. After you are done with donating blood, hydrate yourself with provided water and fruit juices. Cookies and other snacks can boost up your sugar levels and make you feel active. It is very important not to smoke for at least two hours post blood donation as this will deprive you of oxygen. This is not good if you have just donated blood and your body is working to replenish itself back to normal levels. For the next six to eight hours, it is important to stay away from any alcoholic beverages or hot drinks, excessive exercise, and consistently drinking water and sugary drinks to help renew your blood faster. By donating blood, we are saving lives. Hence, it is worth it to do the right research as per one’s medical condition and donate responsibly.

hospitalizations due to the flu, benefit for people who may also have a chronic condition (such as diabetes), protection for pregnant women during their pregnancy and post birth, and most interestingly; if you do get the flu, the vaccine can make it milder with less severe symptoms. While the CDC recommends getting vaccinated every year as the “single best way to prevent seasonal flu,” there are several other precautions that can be taken to avoid the flu. In general, washing your hands often can help prevent the spreading of germs, thereby preventing the spread of respiratory illnesses, such as the flu. In addition, if you know someone is sick with seasonal influenza, try to avoid close contact with the individual until they have recovered. Furthermore, try to avoid touching your mouth, nose, or eyes as your hands may have touched surfaces contaminated with germs beforehand. Maintaining general good health habits, such as being physically active, eating a balanced diet, and getting enough sleep to ensure efficient immune

system function can decrease your likelihood of falling ill. Other precautions that can be taken include regularly disinfecting common surfaces and objects that could be contaminated with germs. While a seasonal influenza vaccination and other general precautions can greatly decrease the chances of infection, these methods are far from perfect. The CDC estimates that approximately 5% to 20% of the United States population will get the flu annually. Although the severity of each case differs, and not every person who becomes ill seeks medical attention while some individuals may make multiple hospital visits; the CDC estimates that every year in the United States, the flu results in nearly 31.4 million outpatient visits to a medical professional. If you find yourself among those who have contacted the influenza virus, there are several steps you can take to ensure a smooth recovery. Initially, it is important to recognize the symptoms of the flu which can include muscle and joint aches, extreme fatigue, weakness, dry cough, headache,

sore throat, and/or runny nose. Less common symptoms like trouble breathing, shortness of breath, dizziness, severe vomiting, and/or pain/pressure in the chest can signify a more severe stage of the flu and therefore necessitates immediate medical attention. Flu symptoms generally begin to show between one to four days after contact with the virus. Within 48 hours of these symptoms starting, drugs like Tamiflu can be taken to help ease symptoms, and over-the-counter painkillers can help alleviate body pain and headaches. It is important to remember that antibiotic medications cannot treat the flu. This is because the flu is caused by a virus whereas antibiotics only work to treat bacterial infections. Antiviral drugs can be prescribed to treat flu symptoms. Lastly, to ensure that you do not spread the virus, if you have the flu it is recommended that you stay home from work or class, and during recovery, make sure to get enough rest for your body.



Week of November 21, 2017

Graduate Programs By Victoria Nguyen | Senior Staff Writer For those who are about to graduate college and are not yet fully ready to enter the workforce of their chosen profession, there are programs such as Teach for America, Peace Corps, and AmeriCorps that will have participants perform valuable community service. Although these mentioned programs are all separate individual organizations, they share the same mission in wanting to better the world in terms of poverty, education, and the environment. Most corps members are recent college graduates. Teach for America is a nationallybased organization that promotes equal educational opportunities in classrooms located in lowerincome communities. As of 2017, the 3500 incoming corps members, approximately 64% of them were graduating college seniors. Once fully trained, these members are assigned to teach in classrooms that range from pre-K through grade 12 for roughly two years, and receive the same salary and health benefits as that of a full-time schoolteacher. One does not necessarily have to have a degree in education, but must possess a state-issued teaching permit in order to be hired. In order to be eligible for TFA consideration, one must have a bachelor’s degree by June 2018, a minimum GPA of 2.5, and proof of citizenship, permanent

resident status, or deferred action. Applications for the 2018 corps are now open on Teach for America’s website. Peace Corps also promotes sound community service, but corps members can serve in sixty countries throughout the world. Similar to that of Teach of America, Peace Corps requires its members to serve for two years and the areas of service one can participate in involve Agriculture, Environment, Community Economic Development, Health, Education, and Youth in Development. For example, Agriculture volunteers have the opportunity to work with third-world farmers and introduce them to methods preventing soil erosion and the usage of pesticide, while Community Economic Development volunteers work with local banks to promote economic development in underdeveloped areas. Youth in Development volunteers primarily work with inner-city youth to educate them on issues such as gender awareness, employment, and HIV prevention. While the Peace Corps do not pay their members, members do receive housing and transportation stipends as well as medical and dental care. In order to be eligible to join the Peace Corps, applicants must have a bachelor’s degree, and can find applications on the Peace Corps website. AmeriCorps is a program that

What Ever Happened to Yik-Yak? By Jon Pierre Grajales | Staff Writer Do you the remember an anonymous chat/social media app with a yak as the mascot? You may or may not, but those who are somewhat familiar with it may be asking what happened to it. It seemed to just drop off the face of the Earth, but it shut down in April of 2017 due to various misguided corporate decisions and a problem that the company could never solve. Anonymity is both great and terrible for society. It provides users a way to speak freely about any subject, but that means any subject. This catch creates problems with bullying, cheating, and overall dishonesty and toxicity in a user base or group of people. The biggest problem that YikYak had was harassment. There was no clear way of combating this problem without publicizing some sort of information about the user base. So, that is what it did. In 2015, YikYak implemented handles, getting rid of the appeal that many users had for the application. The size of its user base significantly dropped when the new feature was implemented, but that was

just the start. In February of the same year, YikYak’s lowest point was a 76% decrease in downloads. Many users spoke within the app about alternatives to the now dying yak. YikYak deleted and downvoted posts that mentioned competitors to try to make these dissenting users feel as though they were in the wrong for “jumping ship”. This was quickly exposed and had an adverse effect on the company, who lost even more of its users. YikYak laid off 60% of its workers in December of 2016 and struggled until finally shutting down in April of 2017, earning $1 million from sellers(a miniscule amount compared to their value of $400 million which it held long ago). Although YikYak may have died, its lead mobile developer, Richard Guy, created Hive, a Slack-like app exclusively for users with .edu email addresses. Guy claims that it allows students to “freely and easily communicate with everyone on campus”. Although it has not taken off yet, Hive has some potential to garner an audience.

offers valuable opportunities for young adults who want to improve the world’s conditions. Often referred to as the “domestic Peace Corps,” this organization branches off into AmeriCorps State and National, AmeriCorps VISTA, and AmeriCorps NCC, but they all provide positions that members can assume to give back to the community in terms of breaking out of poverty. Corps members for this organization are required to serve from 10 months to 1 year, and need to be typically 17-18 years old in order to apply for volunteer positions. Although members are not paid, completion of the volunteer assignment results in the receiving of the Segal AmeriCorps Education Award, which pays for the educational costs at accredited graduate school programs. To apply to the AmeriCorps, one must complete the application on their website. “Although I am not graduating any time soon, the prospects of joining such programs are very high and seem extremely beneficial with regards to community impact,” says Zenit Winfield, a first-year Biophysics major. “I am strongly considering joining the Peace Corps before I head on to medical school. Maybe it’s not for everyone, but it’s definitely for someone who wants to create a positive impact in the world.”


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Week of November 21, 2017

On-Campus Opinion Not quite “Humans of NJIT.”

How do you believe people can make a difference in the world? By Marwa Moustafa | Senior Staff Writer



Marshal Saudi

Michelle Duong


Architecture Major | Sophomore

Biology Major | Junior

"They can change the world through their creativity and different ways of thinking."

"By changing themselves first. Making a difference in themselves first."

Biochemistry Major | Sophomore

Aimon Hazari

Biology Major | Freshman

"I think that if people want to make a big difference in the world, they should be more active. Be active in school clubs, be part of organizations, advertise what they think is important on social media. They should do things they're very passionate about. Cure cancer! Or not necessarily cure, but give patients comfort and happiness. Be there for people. Help people feel more confident in themselves, especially younger people."

"My simple answer would be to do what is right. I think that one person can't make a huge impact by themselves. It's everyone working together, each doing a small part that makes a difference all together.”

3 Reginald Williams II IT Major | Senior

"Anything. From helping one single person to doing something big. Almost every little thing matters. It's a ripple effect."

Asking for Help By Carmel Rafalowsky | Contributing Writer With Thanksgiving right around the corner, the holiday season looming, and the fall semester wrapping up, stress is at an alltime high. And that means it’s the perfect time to roll your shoulders, take a deep breath, and just swallow your pride already so you can ask for the help you so clearly need. I know, I know. You don’t need any help, and certainly not from me. You’ve got everything all figured out, buddy boy, and if I think I know what I’m doing compared to you, well, I’ve got another thing coming to me. And pride?! I’m going to talk to you about pride?! For Christ’s sake, you don’t even have any pride to swallow at this point in the semester; you’ve dropped Calculus II, switched your major, and your best grade is in Physical Education. But that’s not the point, for several


Rania Amer

reasons. Allow me to itemize them for you: 1. Your grades don’t reflect on you, or the kind of person you are. They only reflect on how well you understand and—cough cough—how much you studied the course material. 2. You go to a tech school, so of course your grades make you want to gouge your eyes out (and that freshman that sits in the front row and seems to understand everything effortlessly—but that’s neither here nor there). 3. I wasn’t even going to get into this or talk about grades??? God, Karen, this is exactly what I’m talking about. Back to the point—it’s Thanksgiving, right? An occasion to take a break from the grind, spend some time with family and friends, share some food and wine, and actually cut the self-centered narcissistic persona non-sense for

maybe a nanosecond? You know, just enough time to squeeze out a heartfelt “I love you” or “Ugh, you know I care about you”, before you go back to lurking on your ex’s Instagram and pretending you’re that “underdog that doesn’t need anyone else”? So here’s what I’m asking you to do: Make a to-do list and set reasonable, attainable goals for this week. Go easy on yourself, because you’re only human. And don’t be afraid to ask for help. Whether it’s help cooking for your guests, setting the table, studying for your last common, or something even more serious than that—take a deep breath and just ask. Everyone needs a helping hand, and most people in your life don’t actively want to see you struggle or fail.




Week of November 21, 2017

Expressing Your Political Opinion By Adrian Wong | Staff Writer People are extremely passionate about political issues and sometimes, their passion takes them too far. All too often, we hear of incidents like the Congressional Baseball Shooting, the Berkeley Riots, or many other cases of conservatives being shut down on campus for trying to express their thoughts. Thankfully, NJIT is a campus which supports the freedom of speech and is comprised of students who refrain from beating up people with whom they disagree. Here on campus, I think of myself as one of the most outspoken conservatives. I have written numerous articles for The Vector, and am proud to say that I have never been censored. The Vector has been outstanding in allowing me to freely express my opinion.

Furthermore, I have never met anyone on this campus who has shown aggression towards me for being a conservative. Unfortunately, not all schools are like NJIT. Across the nation, universities are shutting down conservative speakers because they cave into liberal students who complain that conservatives should not be allowed to speak. Even more, there have been cases of professors appearing to beat students over the head with bike locks. Thankfully, our professors do not act in this matter toward students, and students can expect to be safe expressing any political opinion. There is one simple way to fix the epidemic of political violence that I think both sides should be able to agree upon. The solution is not to

abolish the First Amendment, but rather to stop being so sensitive to what the other side has to say. It is almost certain that their political opinion is protected under the First Amendment, and should be allowed. The important part is that people listen to the ideas of others, and then decide whether or not they agree with the idea. If they disagree with the idea, they have the choice to respond and debate it. There is no place for violence, and it should not be controversial to suggest that a debate is preferable to a physical altercation. Van Jones, a former advisor to President Obama, and a current political commentator on CNN agrees, saying, “I’m not going to take all the weights out of the gym; that’s the whole point of the gym.



taught to students at an early level. It is absolutely unacceptable to see any kind of violence stemming from political discourse. If we can successfully teach our youth to debate respectfully, we would not see campuses where students riot to stop a conservative from speaking. Respectful debate is crucial to avoiding any more cases like what we have seen in Berkeley. Thankfully, at NJIT we have yet to see any case of political violence. Even though passion runs high when debating political issues, people must be able to show maturity and respect when they make the decision of whether to respond with violence or with a counterpoint.


HUM 212- SL2

ESL Section

This is the gym. You can’t live on a campus where people say stuff you don’t like?!” Jones argues that liberals cannot hide from speech with which they disagree. Jones also says that students must “learn how to speak back.” The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) also agrees with Jones. In a statement on the recent riots, ACLU writes that, “The First Amendment to the United States Constitution protects speech no matter how offensive its content.” The union also agrees to the solution being “more speech,” adding that, “this is particularly true at universities, whose mission is to facilitate learning through open debate and study, and to enlighten.” The attitude of speaking back instead of throwing a tantrum and fighting must be


Tues/Thurs 10 am to 11:25

This course satisfies the "Open Elective" requirement in Humanities and Social Sciences in the General University Requirements (GUR). 3 credits.

Instructor-- Mr. John Egan For more information--or if the section is closed--contact the ESL Program Director: Dr. Jerry Paris 973-596-3282 Cullimore 422 / 416

HUM 212- SL2



Tues/Thurs 10 am to 11:25

This course satisfies the "Open Elective" requirement in Humanities and Social Sciences in the General University Requirements (GUR). 3 credits.

Instructor-- Mr. John Egan For more information--or if the section is closed--contact the ESL Program Director: Dr. Jerry Paris 973-596-3282 Cullimore 422 / 416



Week of November 21, 2017

Time and Tide Wait for No Man By Shireen Salem | Contributing Writer “I blame society.” One is probably used to hearing this, but really in this case, it is true. From taking the Benchmark in elementary school, to the TerraNova in middle school, and finally, the dreaded SATs in high school, every adolescent student in America is likely to come to hate their life. This may be a general assumption, but from understanding the amount of stress and responsibility thrusted upon students by the tender age of eighteen, one maybe could see my point of view. In addition to suddenly becoming a legal adult, one must also figure out what to do with the rest of their life. Pretty unfair, huh? When I officially enrolled at the prestigious institution, NJIT, I was so sure of whom I wanted to become. Yet, something was

holding me back. It all started during my second semester here. I was nothing more than an average biology student enjoying life in ignorant bliss, convincing myself that I loved studying the phenomena of life and nothing more. And then, I took one class I absolutely loved. Care to take a guess? Physics 111. I took Engineering Physics for no reason other than wanting to, and I am proud to say I relished in the study of the subject. There was no greater high than understanding something you absolutely loathed in high school. I am unapologetically proud to say that I loved it. It took me a while, but I realized that I did not want to be a biologist. No, I wanted to become an engineer. When coming into NJIT, I felt as though my path here was set.

I had already begun to take all of my core biology classes, so I felt as though it was too late. But the dreaded feeling of unhappiness began to set in and I realized that I cannot do something I do not love for the rest of my life. Although four years may seem like a long time, when in comparison to the entirety of life, this is a small fraction in which one should choose learning something that truly makes one happy. I have never been prouder of my bravery than in the moment when I officially got my change of major form signed. I will conclude my little tale with this: do what you love, and be happy with your choices. Do not be afraid to be daring, and do not worry- everything will be sure to work out.

Left, Right & Middle

Does the United States have a Homelessness Problem? By Rick "Daniel" Cruz | Senior Staff Writer

By Babatunde Ojo |Managing Editor

By Adrian Wong |Staff Writer







The United states has a homeless problem, and will always have a homeless problem so long as civic society neglects the needs of the poor. I remember when I worked at a coffee stand in Montclair for morning commuters to New York City, my boss would set up shop at 4:30 in the morning and then have to “shoo” the homeless people outside so as not to scare the customers. If any of them stuck around, they risked getting arrested by cops. While most of the homeless were decent people, one would even go so far as to mop/sweep the lobby space. They didn’t stay there because they had nowhere else to go, they stayed there because in choosing between the services that were available to them for dorming and sleeping in the lobby of a train station, they chose the latter. Only one of the homeless people there had a serious mental illness, and I was even skeptical of that since, one day, she politely asked me to use my phone to call for a cab unlike her usual days of making cross signs and hissing that people were devil. Homelessness is an inevitable by-product of people who have fallen through the cracks of society, one way or the other. Civic society provides charity when it feels apropos and completely neglects their existence at all other times since they aren’t contributing members to society at large. It’s sad that an individual’s life can be judged as worthless.

I admit to not having looked up the exact numbers of homelessness per country, but roughly 1.56 million U.S. citizens are technically homeless; this equates to about .05% of the United States population. There are a few programs/grants available for citizens to take advantage of what is offered. According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, “ending homelessness requires housing combined with the types of services supported by HHS programs.” Despite the surprising number of programs – targeted towards homeless assistance and mainstream programs – there is still an abundance of Americans without a home for various reasons. How much more could the U.S. do to help its citizens recover from financial or other disparities? I am not too sure of the answer myself. It feels as though the people just are not aware of the issue, but at the same time there may not be enough programs to support the people in need.

Yes, the United States has a homelessness problem as long as there is one person who cannot afford to live in a house. According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the United States has a homelessness rate of about 0.18%. To put that into perspective, Japan has a rate of <0.01% while countries like Sweden, Australia, and Germany have more than double the rate of the United States. The average country has a rate of about 0.2%, which means the United States is doing slightly better than most OECD countries. Despite this, the United States still has an estimated 564,708 homeless people. This is not an issue that we can turn a blind eye to. The causes of homelessness are often debated. The US Conference of Mayors polled the mayors of America’s largest cities and asked what they thought was the biggest cause of homelessness. They responded with: lack of affordable housing, mental illness, substance abuse, and low-paying jobs. Two of these suggest people are homeless because they can’t afford a home. On the other hand, some mental illness and substance abuse cases are closely linked. According to a recent study in Frontiers in Psychiatry, there is a very close link between cannabis use and schizophrenia. In addition, a study in Clinical Psychology Review found that about one half of schizophrenics abuse drugs or alcohol. When considering all of these, one can take several crucial steps toward avoiding homelessness. While there is no guarantee, simple life decisions, like attending school and staying sober, can greatly reduce one’s risk of homelessness in America.





Week of November 21, 2017

EA Challenge's Everything, Including the Fans By Jon-Pierre Grajales | Staff Writer Electronic Arts (also known as EA) is a video game production company known for many titles including Madden NFL, FIFA, Dead Space, and Battlefield. Recently, the company has been put under fire for their latest game: Star Wars Battlefront II. The Star Wars series has been in the video game market for quite some time now (1983 with Star Wars by Atari Inc), ranging from the LEGO Star Wars games to Star Wars: The Force Unleashed. These games, although similarly themed, were not created by the same developer and varied from game to game. What makes these games stand out from EA’s new release are the “free to play” and “pay to win” aspects of Battlefront II. Star Wars BattleFront II, although an average game by many critic’s standards (IGN: 6.5/10, MetaCritic: 72%, Digital Trends 7/10), fans of the previous Star Wars: Battle-

front feel betrayed by the company’s greed and implementation of “loot crates” (a purchasable item to open and receive other virtual items) and “crystals” (Star Wars: Battlefront II’s form of currency). The problem with this system is that the loot crates are not strictly for cosmetic items (items that alter the appearance of the user’s character, but do not affect gameplay) and gives an advantage to players who are willing to sink in more money into a game they payed $60 for. The loot crates unlock characters, weapons, cosmetics, and ships and can give players crafting parts (to create other items). To purchase loot crates, the user base must either use “credits” or “crystals”. Although the credits were able to be earned through gameplay and hours logged into the game, crystals could be purchased with real money. Loot crates themselves are another

controversy because many people believe them to be equivalent to gambling and that the game is targeting children to buy and use these crates. According to Soeren Kamper, a vocal fan of Star Wars games, it would take “4,528 hours of gameplay (or $2100) to unlock all base-game content in Star Wars: Battlefront 2”. This finding outraged fans throughout the globe. Many social media pages were filled with enraged rants and tirades about EA’s “greediness” and microtransactions. Stories of EA’s previous microtransaction-filled titles ran around, how this is “what we should have expected”, and how the beta showed this problem. The hate reverberated and grew to such strength that the company issued an official statement. Oskar Gabrielson, the general manager of DICE, the EA unit

that developed Battlefront II, proclaimed “We hear you loud and clear, so we’re turning off all ingame purchases”. What fans also noticed is that at the end of the statement, Gabrielson said that they will be turning it back on at a later date after changes were made to the game. Although this appeased some fans, many are still wary about the company and urge others to still not purchase the game in order to “make an impact on their wallet” or else they will do it again. And it’s working. Currently, EA’s stock has dropped 2.5% and investors are worried. The company told its investors that turning off microtransactions will not have an impact on earnings. While it is not clear if EA will keep going down in the stock market due to fans not buying the games, it is evident that they have lost face with the players and investors.

Greek Spotlight Greek Spotlight: Theta Chi Fraternity By Josh Rincon | Contributing Writer

Theta Chi Fraternity was founded on April 10, 1856 in Norwich, Vermont. It was founded by Frederick Norton Freeman and Arthur Chase at the Old South Barracks at Norwich Military Academy. The fraternity stayed only at Norwich University until several years later when they began to expand throughout the Northeast, with the first chapter outside of Norwich being MIT. The Epsilon Psi Chapter of Theta Chi Fraternity, which is NJIT’s chapter, has been active on campus since their foundation in 1963. The Fraternity was founded by John Zazarro Carl Belt as well as Leo Stillitano. They were recognized shortly thereafter by Theta Chi National and were accepted by the Grand Chapter after they demonstrated excellent organization skills to Theta Chi National. In 1986 they purchased their current house the Firehouse

which as national recognition and is located on 241 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard and they moved into the Firehouse in 1989. The Chapter has been recognized on 2 occasions in succession by Theta Chi National for demonstrating Chapter Excellence. Today the Epsilon Psi Chapter has 26 active members and are always looking for new members. They are an excellent group of guys all striving to not only demonstrate Gentlemanly conduct to one another but, to demonstrate that same conduct to everyone on campus. Their signature activity on campus is the Hero Campaign which promotes Designated Drivers when alcohol is being consumed. Another signature activity associated with the Hero Campaign is the Jaws of Life which is, with the help of NJIT Public Safety and the Newark Fire Department is a demonstration

that is meant to show how difficult it is to cut apart a car in the instance of an accident. All Theta Chi members pride themselves on their three main virtues and that being Truth, Temperance and Tolerance and living up to their motto, The Assisting Hand. All brothers are taught to always extend an assisting hand to all who seek it. Theta Chi as a national fraternity donates to the USO which was founded to support veterans and their families as well as active service personnel. Harking back to their roots as being founded at a military institute. Their colors are military red and white. Theta Chi today has 152 active Chapters and 14 colonies with approximately 8,100 active undergraduate members and more than 185,000 total members throughout the United States and Canada.


Choose from a wide range of courses that meet December 27-January 13 on the Edison campus. Earn credits toward your degree Complete 3 credits in 3 weeks

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Week of November 21, 2017

Mask of the Week: TURKEY

Cut out the mask outline and eye holes! Tweet @TheNJITVector a photo of you wearing it.

Color By Number





Week of November 21, 2017

Horoscopes PISCES




You could find yourself in the spotlight as of Tuesday, when the sun moves into your sector of goals and ambitions.

Thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s an intense focus on your sector of change and transformation, especially once the sun moves in on Tuesday.

You could be hosting the Thanksgiving event this week, and if so, the planetary picture suggests it should be a positive, upbeat experience.

As the cheery sun enters your financial zone, it encourages you to shine a spotlight on your affairs and perhaps create a budget for the coming weeks.





Your social life will be enhanced by the presence of the sun in this sector on Tuesday, increasing your options for fun and getting into the holiday spirit.

As the sun eases into your sector of relating, it can encourage you to take stock of your relationships and how you might improve them.

Home and family events are very much in focus this week as the glowing sun enters your domestic sector for a four-week stay.

Tuesday brings a new dawn as the illuminating sun glides into your sign for a four-week stay. You may find that your vitality begins to perk up and you now can enjoy being completely yourself.





New adventures beckon as the cheery sun enters the sign of the Archer, encouraging you to step out of your comfort zone and explore new terrain.

our lifestyle sector is in focus, particularly as the cheery sun enters Sagittarius on Tuesday. Bearing this in mind, you might want to finalize any preparations for Thanksgiving and get organized in general.

As feisty Mars continues to power through your sign, you may feel a lot more courageous about sharing your feelings.

From Tuesday, youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll be entering a yearly phase in which the cosmos encourages you to relax and unwind.






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Vol. XCIV Issue 12  
Vol. XCIV Issue 12