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Moxie Mountie

the

A Public Forum for Students

OCTOBER 2016

NORTHWEST HIGH SCHOOL

JACKSON, MI

ISSUE 1

QUICK READ In Memoriam: The Moxie Mountie dedicates this issue to Bailey Gier of Class of 2017. Gier’s legacy lives on in the community.

Priceless Gift:

Northwest Community can donate new or gently used toys and new hygeine products to Jackson’s Priceless Gift Toy Store. Donations can be dropped off by the office.

Photo by Audri Chenoweth

Give Hope:

A meeting for the Give Hope disater relief trip will be on Nov. 6 at 6 p.m. in Miss Marnie Hade’s Room 106. To participate in the trip you must me a high schooler or older and attend the monthly meetings.

INSIDE Channeling new passions

Shaw records a vlog using Miss Marnie Hade’s braodcast room. His video features a big announcement for his fans.

Visit Shaw’s channel at www.youtube.com/user/bennjamight or subscribe @bennjamight

The choirs works hard to prepare for fall concert on Oct. 25.

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Photo by Audri Chenoweth

into the numbers. Seeing how many views I have, or when you say, ‘Oh I could have done better on that.’ You can kind of get down on yourself,” said Shaw. Shaw’s friends are always there for support. Senior Luke Wilson is one of Shaw’s close friends who watches the channel. “It's [Shaw's channel] a work in progress, but it's something he is really passionate about so I think it's pretty cool,” said Wilson. He describes Shaw’s videos as funny and thinks the channel is cool. “His videos are pretty funny for just being vlogs,” said Wilson. Shaw’s passion for filmmaking became a love of his. “I kinda fell in love with filmmaking,” said Shaw. He would like to take filmmaking to the next level and make it into a career by working at a news publication such as Hypebeast or Complex News.

The Marching Mounties cheer on football team from stands. Page 8

Photo courtesy of Ciara Allen

should make a YouTube channel, but Senior Ben Shaw has been mak- no one really does it, so, I thought I ing YouTube videos since his fresh- should give it a try,” said Shaw. man year but he has recently decid- Justin Escalona, an 18 year old filmed to change the content. maker from Chicago, is a big inspiBennjamight, Shaw’s channel, has ration to Shaw. two vlogs uploaded to it. One vlog is Shaw and Escalona have a similar about the time that he spent at band theme for their channel with vlogs camp in early August and the other and a similar editing style. is an introduction video to his chan“When I see someone do somenel. thing super cool Shaw started “Everyone has that or hard to do it out his channel gives me ideas idea, that they should as a freshman by for a new recordposting videos of make a YouTube chan- ing,” said Shaw. him talking about He would like to nel, but no one really Pokémon. make more vlogs “I used to watch a does it, so, I thought I and eventually lot of YouTube and even do a ‘Year in should give it a try.” I said, ‘Why not? the life’ video for Let's just see how -Ben Shaw his channel. Senior this goes,’” said It takes Shaw Shaw. about two hours In August Shaw deleted all his old to edit and put together his videos, videos and decided to redo his chan- and he is still learning how to propnel. erly edit his videos. “Everyone has that idea, that they “A hard thing for me is looking Amya Case, Journalist

Photo by Audri Chenoweth

Senior Ben Shaw discovers interest in vlogging

Seniors Ciara Allen and Caroline Smith take chance, join football team. Page 11


News

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October 2016 The Moxie Mountie

New year brings new grading scale Sydney Shafer, Journalist

A new grading system was put into use for the district this year. In previous years the grading scale was at a 60-20-20 percent, which meant 60 percent of a student’s grade came from student’s common assessments. Another 20 percent varied from teacher to teacher because they each made up their own tests for a specific class. The last 20 percent was the grade from a student’s final exam. This year the grading scale was changed to 80-20. Previous common assessments and final exam grades make up the 80 percent. Teachers changed the grading scale because they wanted it to be more consistent and fair to student’s, and the other 20 percent depends on the teacher’s subject but the tests are the same. Teachers also grade you on a zero to five point scale; the scale indicates if the student completed the assignment This is how the grading scale has changed academically, which

is solely based on a student’s individual learning and achievement. A group of volunteer teachers also have changed the guidelines so a student can turn in assignments a week late and teachers will not mark a student down until they turn the assignments in. A student can also request to retest if a student received a grade on a test they not satisfied with. All teachers have a form that a student must fill out if they want to retake. “We want grades to reflect true learning” said Principal Scott Buchler. On the other side of the grading scale is the new rubric for the soft skills grade. The soft skills grading scale is meant to reflect how employable a student is. It is broken off into four parts which include collaboration, respect, initiative, and work habits. Each category is based on a one to four point scale. One represents below expectations. Two equals emerging

expectations.Three students are meeting expectations. Four represents exceeding expectations. There are codes that will go into the grade book such as (ABS) for being absent and missing an assignment. (EX) meaning a student is excused from the assignment. It will not help or hurt a student’s grade. (M) means missing assignment (orange code); it is entered as a zero. (C) Collected has no impact on a student’s grade but shows it has been collected. (L) Used to determine a student’s soft skill grade, no impact on academic grades “0” has no code but is entered when a student has received 0 points on the assessment. “I” incomplete means a student has one week to get the assignment turned in. The district plans to continue on using the new grading scale and soft skills grade for many more years to come.

Grade Book Codes (ABS) Absent (EX)

Excused from assignment

(M)

Missing assignment

(C)

Collected

(L)

Late; only impacts Soft Skill grade

(0)

Entered when no points are received

(I)

Assignmennt incomplete

Stemming to new programs Starting this year Northwest has begun offering the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Program (STEM.) It is a new curriculum based on helping students gain a better understanding in science and technology development, and also enlightens students of the many job opportunities available in these particular fields of study. “We’re finding that the big push has always been college, college, college, and now we’re realizing that college isn’t for everyone,” said Biology teacher Miss Rhonda Drumm. “So, this is a new avenue to let those kids who might not want to go to college or be fit for college to be able to be successful, and be ready for the work force that they’re going to go into when they graduate.” Jobs of STEM do not require a college degree. However, a four-year degree is helpful to increase salary, and students who would prefer higher pay will have more option to do so after a STEM course. STEM provides students who might be interested in pursuing a career in mechanics the opportunity to get a full-on learning experience based on real-world circumstances. Although the U.S. has historically taken the lead in these objectives, fewer students have been focusing on these fields recently. “For the most part it’s like regular classes, but we have more time to get work done,” said sophomore Lexie Smith. “The main difference is that unlike other classes, we as stu-

dents are given a problem and have to solve it in individual groups without a teacher’s help.” According to www.livescience.com, STEM has also had a large effect on student’s performance ratings in schools as they outperform those in traditional classes. Tests and exam scores have been proven to increase by as much as six percent, and a student’s letter grade can improve by half of what it would be taking traditional courses. Www.Lawstreetmedia.com’s statistics say that the manufacturing field currently has a shortage of 600,000 workers, and many lack the necessary skills for specific tasks. STEM Students in Mrs. Danielle Smith’s STEM English class work on a project. can provide an education that will help students be fully prepared to take on these tasks. "We're using STEM because we live in a technologically advanced world and STEM is right there,” said Mrs. Drumm. “If we can get kids working with STEM and understanding these concepts, they are going to be ready for the real world and they’ll be more successful.” Over 75 students are participating in a STEM class this year. STEM brings application to the classroom for better understanding of concepts, while at the same time making school more Freshman Jacob Grimes (left) and sophomore Colin Berry (right) use metal files to form the shape of a key chain in STEM Advanced Manufacturing and Engineering class. interesting and fun.

Photo by Taylor Thrush

Meg Daly, Journalist

Photo by Taylor Thrush

School provides STEM classes for students


Editorial

October 2016 The Moxie Mountie

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Fighting for true love

Moxie Minds

Audri Chenoweth, Photographer

Images created by Abigail (Oli) Grenke

Cartoon Editorial

Staff Editorial

Trick or Treating for teenagers Growing up teenagers are expected to act like adults, but are still treated as kids. Teenagers are told to get a job as soon as they possibly can, finish school with a 4.0, and know exactly what they want to do with the rest of their lives all before graduating high school. This is forcing teenagers to go through life without being able to live out their childhood. There is no set age limit for when people should stop trick or treating, but society makes it feel like there is one set for a very young age. Many people feel that they should be embarrassed to go trick or treating pass the age of 12, which is very untrue. Trick or treating lets teenagers express themselves through costumes. It allows them to show who they truly are without the fear of being judged. It also grants them the opportunity to be creative. It allows them to make different decisions when it comes to decorations, candies, costumes, and who they are going with. There are still guidelines that need to be followed and facts that need to be known by teenagers who plan on trick or treating. A huge thing that plays in the roll of trick or treating is the time. There is a set time, which

The

Moxie Mountie Staff & Policy

2016-2017

Advisor: Ron Woodruff Editor-in-Chief: Genna Barner Asst. Editor-in-Chief: Morgan Huver and Rachael Kaiser Opinion Editor: Sydney Bowler Sports Editor: Sydney Boulter Photographer: Audri Chenoweth Journalists: Amya Case, Meg Daly, Griffin Foster, Abigail (Oli) Grenke, Kaitlyn Grier, Caleb Hilliard, Phia Papenbroock, Nicole Pier, Ashley Potosky, Sydney Shafer, Adam Staudinger, and Taylor Thrush

typically ranges from 5 pm to 8 pm in Michigan, according to www.mlive.com. Going to people’s doorstep late at night is a big no, especially since Halloween falls on a Monday this year. Pranks are a good way to get in trouble with the law. While you and your friends may think it is funny to prank your neighbor, it could very well ruin their night. As teenagers, you need to be responsible of the children and parents around you. They are also trying to have a good time, and having someone twice their size pushing them around can be scary. Scaring children on purpose is also unacceptable. For example, if you decide to dress as in a scary costume, be respectful and turn away from the children instead of trying to make them cry. Lastly, listen to the people who say “take one”. The community you are in was kind enough to buy enough candy for many people; the least you can do is not waste their money by taking handfuls.

The Moxie Mountie is the official student produced newspaper of Northwest High School. Our paper is produced to serve students, staff and the surrounding community. While our writings aim to appeal to students, we also cover issues that concern our entire audience. Letters to the Editor are encouraged. If published, they will appear with the author’s name and grade or position. The Moxie Mountie reserves the right to edit the letters for grammar, length, or content if necessary. The writer will be notified if drastic changes occur. The opinions displayed in The Moxie Mountie are not necessarily the opinions of the entire journalism staff, advisor, student body or administration. The class advisor and editorial board will determine all final content to be published in The Moxie Mountie, though the entire journalism staff will have a discussion on the content within the paper. As with any newsworthy topic, controversial issues will be covered. If the topic is questionable, the editors and the advisor will make a decision as to whether to the topic should be covered by The Moxie Mountie. The staff and writer will remain unbiased and will avoid attacking individual people, and

instead focus on issues. The Moxie Mountie follows the Associated Press (AP) Stylebook. All stories written by an individual and all photos published in the newspaper will receive a by-line or photoby, which are designed to give recognition to a member of the newspaper staff. Foul language and inappropriate comments will all be omitted from the paper. In the event of a death within the Northwest student body, a memoriam will be published honoring the deceased. In order to obtain a position on The Moxie Mountie, the student interested in joining the staff must provide sufficient writing experience, be recommended by the class advisor and an English teacher, fill out an application, and attend a closed interview with the returning staff in the spring. When any student wishes to join the newspaper staff they must also be approved by journalism advisor (Mr.Woodruff). The Moxie Mountie will distribute newspapers during selling months. During these selling months, newspapers will be for sale during both lunches, and are also available in Mr. Woodruff’s classroom (508). Subscriptions are also available upon request through the business manager.

  Saying goodbye always seems to be a challenge.   Couples get into a relationship for the reason that they love one another. Why end it over something as meaningless and workable as distance? Seeing yourself without them is just not going to happen. Knowing you will be together again and that the distance is not forever will help get one through it. One will always have something to look forward to, whether it is seeing them again or a phone call. Your communication will definitely improve along the way. Every interaction with each other will be more meaningful.    Technology from modern days has made long distance relationships easier. According to www. usatoday.com, 25-50 percent of college students in the United States are in a long distance relationship currently. People in long distance relationships should feel better about going into them. Whether they are a state away or halfway around the world, staying together has a much higher possibility of the relationship working out.   With the distance, the relationship will become stronger. The couple will learn patience and sacrifice.   If you can survive the distance, big or small, the relationship can survive anything.

The HEAVY Feather Prevent the heartache Sydney Bowler, Opinion Editor

 Change is a natural thing. Everyone knows this and it is something that cannot be stopped.   When two people are in a relationship, they grow and change together. In a long distance relationship, the couple will grow apart and change individually no matter how hard they try to prevent said change. When brought back together, they could easily be meeting a completely new person and not the one they fell in love with.   This can happen for many reasons, one of them being people growing apart.   A relationship where you can never physically see the person you love will not work out. Busy schedules make it hard to find time to talk, and eventually if said time can not be easily found, someone will stop trying to find it, and a relationship cannot be one-sided.   Problems in long distance relationships are much harder to solve. It can be nearly impossible to sit down and talk things out because of everything that gets in the way.   Arguments over text never end well. It is difficult to sense the correct emotion and it is very easy to misinterpret what is trying to be said.    The only way to be sure the right message is getting across is to be in person.   Chances are there will be nothing left to the couple except for texts and short meaningless phone calls.


Opinion

Negative effects of stress on youth Genna Barner, Editor-in-Chief

As the younger generation get older it seems that society expects more and more out of them. This causes adolescents to feel like they have failed when they are not meeting the expectations. Society tells students that they need to do certain things in order to be considered “successful”. Teenagers must achieve a high GPA, be involved in extracurricular activities, finish their homework on time, apply to colleges, eat healthy, go outside for 15 minutes a day, get eight hours of sleep. This does not include managing a healthy social life. The ultimate question comes down to this: is there too much expected out of teenagers or do teenagers take on too much? Society has made it seem like students who are not accomplishing the items listed are not going to go far in life. We frown upon peers who aren’t challenging themselves by partaking in an overrated idea of the “teenage experience”. It is the standard that we need to stay busy that causes students to feel pressured into taking on more than they can handle. This pressure causes teenagers to feel obligated to take on more. Though pushing yourself to do more is a good thing, it can easily become unhealthy when sleep, eating habits, and social contact suffers. With the amount of homework students are given for each class and the after school activities they are involved in it makes it nearly impossible to get a healthy amount of sleep. Adolescents need to have a minimum of eight hours of sleep a night according to the Sleep Foundation. Without sleep and a healthy breakfast it becomes hard to function properly. Teenagers often skip breakfast in an attempt to catch up on sleep. Society must be more helpful with teenagers’ stress. Instead of telling them to take on more than they can handle we should congratulate each other for challenging ourselves. We need to build a healthy environment with reasonable standards for our youth.

New positive LGBTQ guidelines Providing healthy, equal enviroment

Abigail (Oli) Grenke, Journalist

The Michigan State Board of Education (SBE) passed guidance regarding Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and Questioning (LGBTQ) students. It urges Michigan schools to implement anti-harassment policies, address transgender students by their chosen name and corresponding pronouns, add LGBTQ topics “throughout the educational culture,” and more. “The guidelines are very new. They have just risen this year, especially because marriage equality became a thing,” said senior GSA+ member Jon Pace. The guidelines cover a large range of problems involved with LGBTQ people and their daily lives. It allows transgender students to use locker rooms, bathrooms and other gender-segregated spaces that match their gender identity, not their biological sex assigned at birth. It states that schools should allow gay-straight alliance (GSA) clubs, provide “appropriate and meaningful family engagement and support” and even change a student’s personal school record (including their gender and name) if requested. Many people seem to agree that these policies, among others, are positive changes. “[The guidelines] bring [LGBTQ students’] concerns forward, and people are just paying attention and becoming aware,” said Health and Consumer Sciences teacher Mrs. Dede Rush. However, the SBE did face criticisms and strong disagreement during the months of writing the guidelines. They were eventually approved with a 6-2 vote. “Although we’ve always had people in our culture who are part of [the LGBTQ] community, it is at the forefront more than ever before,” said Psychology and English teacher Miss Tracy Dryer. “Changes like this are new to people not a part of it.” These guidelines are not rules or mandates and are entirely optional. Most students would not be affected if the school adopted them, because they are already closely followed. The school already has a GSA+ club, and anti-bully-

ing policies have been implemented. “Right now Northwest is very progressive compared to a lot of schools in the state,” said Rush. Although they are optional, the guidelines are important to consider. LGBTQ students are more likely to be bullied, harassed, and develop depression or other mental health challenge, according to nobullying.com. The SBE believes that these guidelines will help LGBTQ students focus and thrive in school, because they create a positive and supportive environment. “We want to continue to make sure that our students are safe,” said Dryer. Students of a sexual and/or gender minority have higher rates of suicide attempts. Transgender people have a much higher risk of being murdered, just because of their gender identity, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and The Human Rights Campaign. “[The SBE] are really concerned about the well being of all students,” said Rush. According to the guidelines, providing a healthy and equal environment will help students achieve academic greatness. They are intended to be a step in the right direction. A PDF of the guidelines can be found on www. michigan.gov.

Image created by Abigail (Oli) Grenke

Societ y Lies

October 2016 The Moxie Mountie

Cell phones frustrate teachers; negatively impact education Taylor Thrush, Journalist

 Every teacher has their own policy on devices. Some have a “phone jail”, some allow them in class, and some prohibit phones completely.   Teachers now have this added responsibility of controlling cell phones.   “My class policy on cell phones is that it is up to each student to know their capability and knowing whether or not they can handle having their cell phones out. There are 30 different students with 30 different responsibility levels,” said History teacher Mr. Stafford Newsome. “They are young adults and should be treated as so.”   Newsome allows students to be on their phones in class, but when grades come out all the responsibility falls on them. A teacher’s job is to educate; learning is up to the students.   Many teachers see a direct correlation between the students grades and how much they are on their phones. However, Newsome thinks having a policy makes the issue worse.   “When I allow students to have their phones they don’t fight it as

to use it maturely and know the purpose for having it at school. It can be a great tool,” said Adema.  The standing issue for teachers is that they cannot monitor every phone and see what every student is doing.   “Phones are one of those things where you give students an inch and they take a mile,” said Math teacher Mr. Brett Dittmer. “It really goes back to a respect factor. If a teacher is taking their time to talk to you, even in a group setting, out of respect you should give them your undivided attention.”   If students want to be treated as young adults then the student body as a whole needs to take responsibility for their education the school is providing. With a careful balance of phones, focus, and determination any student can have a great, long lasting education that propels them into their future.   Cell phones have a positive impact on schooling if students are taking the responsibility into their own hands. Photo taken by Taylor Thrush

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much and are more responsible with it,” said Newsome.  When students are allowed to have their devices out most are more respectful and use their phones intelligently, but the students without a will to learn are often found on their devices.   Both Newsome and English teacher Mrs. Tiffany Adema said that they would not have been as successful in high school if cell phones were present like they are now. “I think this generation uses their phone like a social crutch. They’ve lost skills such as face to face conversation, eye contact, and being able to communicate clearly with your words and not just through text,” said Adema.   “I love how kids can use it as a resource, when they learn how


Entertainment

October 2016 The Moxie Mountie

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Choirs prepare for fall concert Ready to raise the bar, the choirs have been practicing since the first day of school for the fall concert. The concert is on Oct. 25 in the cafetorium. There will be two concerts, one at 6 p.m. and one at 7:45 p.m., featuring both the middle school and high school choirs. Admission is free, but the Mountie hat will be passed around at intermission for donations to the program. “It is a great way to grow the program and share music [between the high school and middle school],” said student Choir Director Miss Emilee Bodien. Unlike previous fall concerts, this will be the first one in the cafetorium. Last year, the facility was still under construction. The choirs have used the cafetorium for multiple concerts and have had practice with the new sound and light equipment. “The only concern is if there will be enough seats for everybody in the audience,” said Bodien. Some of the songs being performed by the ensembles will be “Defying Gravity” arranged by Stephen Schwartz, “Behind These Hazel Eyes” by Kelly Clarkson, and several more. Bodien will conduct two songs at the fall concert this year, one of them being “Stout Hearted Men” performed by Men’s Choir. Vocal Dimension and Serenade! will both have choreography with the majority of their songs. The

Seniors Kelsy Lopes and Jerod Parrett sight read during Vocal Dimension.

ensembles learn and practice their dances and music over a weekend retreat while they bond together. “I like having choreography because it’s different from the rest of the year, it sets this concert apart as something special.” said senior Sophi Epstein. “It’s fun to have dance partners and get to learn some choreography, but sometimes I feel restricted, and it doesn’t leave as much room for expression.” Concert choir also has a weekend retreat where they spend one day practicing music together, and the next day they go to Craig’s Cruisers, a family fun center in Grand Rapids, for bonding time. There they can race go karts, play mini golf, have laser tag battles, and go to the arcade together. “The choir retreat was a lot of fun, for sure. We went to Craig’s Cruisers and that was definitely a

Photo by Audri Chenoweth

Ashley Potosky, Journalist

lot of fun.” said sophomore Josee Brafford. “I conquered one of my biggest fears.” All of the work put into the rehearsals at retreat and in the classroom has helped prepare all of the choirs for the fall concert. “I am excited to see all the hard work pay off and I’m excited to see the reactions of what the choirs thought of the concert,” said Bodien. With all of the choirs on different levels of musicality, it brings a variety of sound and energy to the concert. “I’m excited for all of it, it will show all of the students’ commitment to excellence,” said Choir Director Mr. Matthew Snell. This concert will be the start of another year of growth for the ensembles.

Pokemon Go-ing out of style Students lose interest in popular app

Caleb Hilliard, Journalist

Pokémon Go is an app created by Niantic co. and funded by Nintendo that, for a few months, changed the entire world by letting people everywhere socialize, move, and be competitive. The reason behind its popularity was just how new the idea was. Not many games involved going outside and walking, and the ones that did didn’t have such iconic characters. Old and new fans of the franchise played it because it was a Pokémon game, and more people joined in over time out of curiosity and nostalgia. Soon enough, almost everyone was walking around town capturing digital monsters. Recently it seems to be steadily declining in popularity. Teens and adults alike seem to be passing it off as just another fad like MySpace or Vine memes, while most of the remaining fans are people who liked Pokémon before Pokémon Go came out. Image created by Taylor Thrush One problem is the bandwagon effect. When one popular person is doing something to start a fad, they influence other people to try it. Another problem is the game’s false advertising. The original trailer for the game showed features

like player vs. player (PvP), legendary battles, and trading, which are features that never showed up in the full game. These features were some of the most anticipated, and are what the franchise is centered around. And despite the fact that Niantic co. plans on adding trading and possibly PvP, it likely won’t be before most people stopAl lo the r im playing the game. ag es c Problems Me reate gD db aly y range from an inaccurate GPS, to rural areas lacking Pokéstops and good Pokémon, to a near absence of a proper tutorial or help system. While the game has lost most of its fanbase, there is still a way to bring it back. Adding features like trading and PvP that everyone wanted before the game came out, fixing the bugs and lag that have been in the game since the beginning, and improving the game for those who live in suburban environments by having more Pokéstops and rarer Pokémon would really make a lot of fans happy. After that, focus on adding more Pokémon so people have more monsters to capture and train. But unfortunately, if Niantic co. doesn’t fix the game quickly, it will fade into obscurity like every other app.

Stranger things have hapened Show catches publics’ attention Rachael Kaiser, Asst. Editor-in-Chief

As a homage to 1980s sci-fi films, Netflix Original Series Stranger Things pays tribute to the movies that inspired the creation of the show. Among the recent TV shows and movies, Stranger Things shines stronger than most because of the excellent character development and the complex plot interwoven with suspense and horror. The show was released on July 15, with the first season consisting of seven episodes. Due to a strong positive reaction, Stranger Things has been renewed for a second season which is set to be released in 2017. In the beginning of the first episode an alienlike creature, reminiscent of the of the creature from Alien, breaks out of a government laboratory and kidnaps a 12 year old science geek named Will Byers. Will’s disappearance goes unnoticed until the next morning when his mother, Joyce Byers, realizes he is missing. After checking in at his friend’s house, a panicked Joyce files a missing persons report at the police station. She talks to police Chief Jim Hopper, who is unconcerned at the disappearance of Will. A part of the conversation between the two would become the show’s plot description. “Joyce, 99 out of 100 times a kid goes missing, the kid is with a parent or relative,” said Hopper. “What about the other time?” said Joyce. As the show progresses, his friends discover that Will is not with a parent or relative; his disappearance is the “other time”. The characters then spend their time attempting to find Will, and in the process they uncover the truth behind the creature’s existence and the government’s involvement in the alien and Will’s disappearance. The inspiration from sci-fi and horror movies of the 1980s creates a nostalgic throwback to that time period. There are scenes that are reminiscent of movies such as E. T. and The Goonies. Those who love sci-fi and the supernatural will certainly like Stranger Things. The show is not a passing fad; it is here to stay and fill the nostalgia audiences crave for another season.

Author’s rating: 4 out of 5 stars


October 2016 The Moxie Mountie

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Choir Statistics Upcoming Choir Dates:

Image created by Audriana Chenoweth

October 25 - Fall Concert November 11 - Sweet Music December 13 - Winter Concert December 18 - Vocal Dimension Performance January 25 - Master Works Concert Febuary 15 - Pre-Festival Concert Febuary 21-22 District 8 Choral Festival

Photo

‘We Got Students work hard w (Left) Sophomore Madelyn Atwood works to improve her sight reading skills as a first year member in Vocal Dimension.

(Below) Sophomore Matthew along side his “pod” in Vocal D

Cantus Famina includes: 37 Freshmen 14 Sophomores 1 Junior 6 Seniors

Photo by Gabe Arthur

Men’s Choir includes: 10 Freshmen 6 Sophomores 5 Juniors 1 Senior Concert Choir Includes: 0 Freshmen 13 Sophomores 16 Juniors 13 Seniors Serenade! includes: 2 Freshmen 9 Sophomores 7 Juniors 13 Seniors Vocal Dimension includes: 2 Freshmen 7 Sophomores 6 Juniors 9 Seniors

(Above) Feature Twirler senior Jenna Sorenson prepares to throw her batons in the air at the Grand Ledge Marching Exhibition.

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In the last four years... Cantus Femina won 8 awards Men’s Choir won 8 awards Concert Choir won 8 awards Serenade! won 8 awards Vocal Dimension won 10 awards

(Above) Working together to sight read freshmen M Ruba, Olivia Baxter, and Andrea Leach-King during Famina.

Students are involved in choir

129 30

Students are involved in b

Students are involved in band and choir

Background image courtesy of senior Logan Frewen. Arrangment of “Look Down/Red and Black.”


ostory

the Beat’ within music program

October 2016 The Moxie Mountie

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Band Statistics Upcoming Band Dates: All other photos by Audriana Chenoweth

Kanalas practices his sight reading Dimension.

Makenzie g Cantus

(Above) Senior Zachary Newhouse practices his solo for “House of the Rising Sun” before the Marching Mounties leave to participate in the marching exhibition.

Wind Ensemble Includes: 2 Freshmen 17 Sophmores 16 Juniors 25 Seniors Concert Band Includes: 30 Freshmen 19 Sophmores 9 Juniors 11 Seniors Jazz Band Includes: 1 Freshman 13 Sophmores 2 Juniors 10 Seniors In the last four years...

(Left) Drum Captain senior Logan Frewen expresses his game face as the drumline prepares to march onto the field.

na Chen oweth

r

Marching Band Includes: 33 Freshmen 35 Sophmores 25 Juniors 33 Seniors

y Audria eated b Image cr

band

November 18 - Holiday Parade December 8 - Winter Concert January 25 - Wind Ensemble Masterworks Concert Febuary 22 - Pre-Festival Concert

Marching Band has been awarded four Superior ratings. Wind Ensemble has been awarded three Superior ratings at district festival and two Superior ratings at state festival. Concert Band has been awarded two Superior ratings at district festival and one Excellent rating. two Superior ratings at state festival. Jazz Band has been awarded two Superior ratings and one Excellent at state festival. Marching Band, Wind Ensemble, and Concert Band were all created in 1957.


Feature

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October 2016 The Moxie Mountie

Band amps up game

Struggling with more than sadness Sydney Boulter, Sports Editor

Many people experience pain throughout their life, but everyone feels it in different ways and at different times. These experiences can potentially cause many people feelings of sadness for brief times. However for some people it’s a long lasting condition called depression. I, myself, have depression, although I do not remember when it first began. Sadly, it has had a huge impact on me, my life, family, friends and the way I feel about myself. Throughout my depression, I have faced many sufferings, some being mental, physical, and emotional. Some of those hardships include no appetite for weeks, sleepless nights, stressful days, horrible thoughts and much more. These hardships all have had long lasting effects on me; even now these effects are prominent. My thoughts have stayed negative, changing my ideas about my body, actions, and emotions. Many of things that happened throughout my depression had caused many health and emotional issues. One time it was 2-3 weeks where I felt so alone and unwanted in which caused me to be even more depressed, which in turn, turned into no appetite, and then turned into me not eating. This led me to nearly starving. This was all during the middle of my freshman year, where it hit me the worst. During this time I lost a lot of friends and while at the same time a lot of faith in myself. I remember one day out of those two to three weeks where I was a train wreck. I had no appetite; I was tired both physically and emotionally. I remember sitting in Spanish class, and all of a sudden it hit me, I was in my seat sobbing and just thinking. Why am I even here? Why can’t I just disappear and make everyone else’s life less trouble? I kept asking myself for days. While breaking down throughout the day, I kept thinking of ways that I could disappear. Everything just kept growing harder to handle. The days just kept getting worse and worse. In the end I ended up texting my mom asking for help because I could not bear to stay this way. In the end this caused both pain for my family, friends, and me. It has resulted in conflict with them, and many endless days of arguing over how I treated myself and how I treated others. It has caused worrying and fear of if someone would be there the next day for both others and I.

Taylor Thrush, Journalist

 Usually people associate school spirit at a football game with the cheerleaders, but they are not the only ones keeping the energy going. At every home game, band director Mr. Bryan Mangiavellano and Drum Majors senior Enrique Fonseca and junior Evan White lead the Marching Mounties in singing, shouting, and playing music in the endzone.  “It’s so much fun because we are playing [our instruments] and hanging out with our friends,” said freshman Bree Burman.   The marching band sings songs like “Eat ‘em Up”, “Olé”, “Power”, and “Dynamite” to keep the crowd’s energy up and encourage the football players on the field. The band members perform and shout to the crowds from the second they run on the field to the end of halftime.   The students are  not only performing; they are forming relationships with each other and having a great time making the group stronger as a whole.   “It is the best feeling ever after we perform the halftime show and then get to go see our friends and family during third quarter,” said Burman.   Throughout the football season new friendships are formed and

Photo by Audri Chenoweth

Avoiding the Darkness

Marching Mounties cheer on football team

Sophmore Zach McEldowney fills in for a member of drumline by playing two sets of tenor drums during “Rah Rah” at Kerincraft 200.

Mangiavellano gets to know his students. During fourth quarter they cheer the team to victory and then march back to the band room where they pack up and congratulate each other. “Even though some of the members don’t know how the game of football works they all have a lot of fun and take cues from the drum majors and I,” said Mangiavellano.   Although it may seem that they are just singing and playing, more goes into marching than most people would presume. They have practice two days a week in addition to the in-class work every day. Mangiavillano has many hours invested in every football

game. Some of the songs they play were learned at the yearly band camp in early August.        Mangiavellano is constantly watching the crowd and game to pick just the right song to match the play.   “If it is a shorter play like a field goal then we sing a song but if it’s a longer play like a run then we will play a song with the instruments,” said Mangiavellano. “Every game is a fun experience for the whole band.”   Mangiavellano’s main goal is to help  the Marching Mounties have fun while they help the crowd to have fun as well.

Running provides coping outlet for teacher Griffin Foster, Journalist

History teacher Mrs. Abby Tanner started running in high school and now she uses it for something completely different. This year alone, she has been running a race nearly every month. While she was in high school Tanner ran track. For running sprints a runner needs to be fast and able get off the starting blocks quickly. To be able to run the long distances of a triathlon or a duathlon, Tanner had to build up her stamina. “I started running again after I had a traumatic experience,” said Tanner. “It was just my way of coping with it and I’ve continued with it since.” Running was Tanner’s way of working through her problem and it gave her a way to become active and healthier. “I think it’s really great that she can turn something bad in her life into something positive that she can use throughout the rest of her life,” said junior Dani Griswold. Tanner’s day consists of running, biking and occasionally swimming before or after the school day. She always reports back to her students how her training has been going and how here races were after she completes them. Tanner runs and trains with History teacher

Mr. Daykon Hiram. They have been running together for almost a year. “Tanner and I started running along with a couple of teachers in a small race,” said Hiram. “She ran really well during the race and I wanted to get into running so we started training together.” Last year during 5 hour, during which both teachers had a conference hour, and after school had been dismissed, Tanner and Hiram would train together in the weight room. Now, they run races together. Tanner has gotten her 5 year old daughter, Hazel Tanner, into running too. Together they run small races like a doughnut race, where the runners run a race and at the end there are doughnuts and other snacks for them to enjoy. Running is a way for them to be together and a way to have fun. “I continue to run so I can be a model of a healthy lifestyle for my daughter,” said Tanner, “It also reignited my competitive spirit so it gives me a drive to have fun and run.” Running has given Tanner a way to overcome difficult situations, and she now uses running as a way for her to connect with her daughter and to stay healthy. Image created by Rachael Kaiser


Feature

October 2016 The Moxie Mountie

9

New teachers embrace high school Nicole Pier, Journalist

Photo by Taylor Thrush

Miss Emilee Bodien Bodien is a student teacher for choir teacher Mr. Matthew Snell. Bodien currently attends Western Michigan University. She will be working with Snell until November, and then she becomes a part of the middle school choir group. “Student teaching is a great way to put my feet in the water,” said Bodien. Choir is her favorite subject to teach because she loves being able to make music every day. Bodien likes to play volleyball and is also a lover of trying new foods. She is impressed with Jackson Public Schools, from the administration, to the students. Bodien thinks everyone in the Northwest Community is respectful, kind, and patient.

Senior Samantha Wilcox and junior Hannah Parsons receive advice from Conley in AP Psychology. Mr. James Peake Peake teaches Heavy Equipment Operation the last two hours of the school day. He has worked construction for thirty-one years and travels all around Michigan as a Master Trainer, which means he goes to certify people in the construction industry. He enjoys going to car shows and driving his 1969 Chevy and 1956 Ford Pickup. Peake likes taking trips without having a destination. “Wherever the road takes me,” said Peake. He has done a lot of work for people at war, Ford, and other companies. Teaching is rewarding to Peake, especially when an old student calls him and thanks him.

Mrs. Lisa Guitierrez-Carroll Carroll used to teach at Jackson High School. She teaches Spanish one and three, and is going to teach British Literature second trimester. Carroll graduated from Michigan State University and got her teaching certificate at Alma College. She majored in Journalism during college, but changed her mind and went back to college to get her degree in teaching Spanish. Carroll is very excited to be here. “Every day is different [at Northwest],” said Carroll.

Photo by Taylor Thrush

Miss Rebecca Kelly Kelly teaches Biology and Conceptual Physics. In middle school, she had a teacher that influenced her choice to become a teacher. “I like teaching kids about things they don’t know about,” said Kelly. She loves it when her students have that “a-ha moment.” Traveling in her spare time is normal due to her kids playing sports such as hockey, soccer, and football. Kelly has been teaching for a long time and is glad to be a Mountie.

Rossner helps sophmore Tahj Swanson layout a keychain in STEM Advanced Manufacturing and Engineering.

Bodien helps members of Cantus Femina figure out the key signature of the sight reading. Mr. Albert Rossner III Rossner teaches Advanced Manufacturing and Engineering in the STEM Program. He got his Masters Degree from Bowling Green University in Ohio. Rossner became a teacher because he realized that it was something that would be better for him. He enjoys seeing his students reach a whole new level of maturity. Rossner wants his students to succeed and wants to help them find their way. “You don't know what you don't know,” said Rossner. He not only enjoys cooking, his dad being a chef, but, he also enjoys helping the community by being an assistant chief at the fire department. Rossner is very family orientated and has a strong belief in his religious views. Rossner he is always willing to help kids with their choices once they finish high school and believes that it is important to find something students enjoy. Mrs. Danielle Smith Smith teaches STEM English and British Literature A. “I felt like I didn’t have a say in high school and I wanted to be a teacher that gave students a say,” said Smith. She enjoys building relationships with her students and is always happy to help. Smith is a foster parent and also spends time at the fire station where her husband works. She has taught for seven years and completed her teaching degree from Baker College. “I have an open door policy and if anyone ever needs to talk or ever needs help, my door is always open,” said Smith.

iew

View of new American school Phia Papenbroock, Journalist

Photo by Taylor Thrush

Miss Kallyn Conley Conley is a student teacher for Miss Tracy Dryer, who teaches American Literature and AP Psychology. Conley is currently attending Albion College. She recalls having a teacher in high school whose husband had passed away, but Conley’s teacher returned to school only two days after the funeral. This inspired her to become a teacher. Conley feels that the Northwest Community is very embracing, and she feels accepted here. In her spare time, she enjoys watching shows on Netflix like One Tree Hill and Psych. She believes that student teaching has opened her eyes and she has a stronger desire to become a teacher. “It's been awesome,” said Conley.

A n g i e r o F V

It has been nearly two months since I left my home country Germany and started my 10 month exchange year here in the United States. Attending a typical American high school has made me notice a lot of differences in comparison to my school in Germany so far. I was sitting in the back of the car on the way to my new home, coming from the airport, when my host mom told me that I am going to be a senior this year. I was pretty shocked. Since I just finished my freshman year in Germany, it was quite a surprise for me to skip two years. But now I’m going to graduate from here and after that I’m going to continue my sophomore year in Germany after the summer break. Everybody who has their locker near mine has probably seen me struggling to open it in the first days because we only have lockers with keys in Germany. I actually like them now, but at first it was quite challenging to open them. Only the juniors and seniors have a mixed class system like they do here in America. The years before that, you stay in the same class for three years each and have every class with those people. Though the high school is finally cutting back on dress code requirements, there are no rules when it comes to school clothing in Germany. Students can literally go to school in underwear; and yes, there are some girls who feel comfortable sitting in a bralette and tiny shorts in front of their math teacher. When somebody told me that there is free wi-fi at Northwest I was extremely happy. In my German school, teachers are allowed to take your phones away at any time; no matter if it’s in the hall, class, or during lunch. So getting free wi-fi from the school was, and still is, quite a big deal to me. The grading system is completely different in America. In Germany, 60 percent of your final grade is determined by your behavior and participation during class. Only 40 percent of your grade is from your exams and tests. The only way you can retake tests is if more than 50 percent of the entire class failed, which rarely happens. Students have the same schedule for the whole school year but have around 12 classes, so every day of the week is different. A lot of people have been asking how I like America so far and I always tell them that it is so much fun here due to all the nice people, the school spirit, and the friendly atmosphere wherever I go. There are many new things which I needed to learn first and I still need to get used to, but I am


Sports

10

October 2016 The Moxie Mountie

Impact of injuries on teams and players and muscles. “One thing that I would do was that Throughout sports, student athletes I would go to the trainers daily to do are injured while participating in their physical therapy and stretches,” said athletics. This can affect how the team Fonseca. “I also received a sheet of papractices or plays during the season. per that had stretches that I would have During the first season there have been to complete.” numerous injuries, both big and small The Trainer Erickson also tapes wrists, on the sports teams. ankles, and other body parts to help staAlthough 62 percent of organized bilize them, which helps to try prevent sports-related injuries happen during future injuries. practice, one of three parents do not Throughout the nation, injuries ashave their children taking the same sociated with participation in sports and safety precautions at practice that they some recreational activities account would during a game or an event acfor 21 percent of all traumatic brain cording to www.stopsportsinjuries.org. injuries among children in the United Each injured player has their own imStates according to www.stopsportsinpact on the team no matter how serious juries.org. or minor it is. While the injuries may affect the team “The injuries have had an impact on physically during games, it also affects the team this year,” said Varsity Footthe team’s mental process of the game. ball Coach Mr. Corey Slater. “At one Last year’s athletic trainer, Mrs. Whitney Crandall, assists then junior Morgan Huver with an injury during a football game last season. “Injuries or the thought of injuries point during the season we almost commakes us be more cautious when we are cious time was while being on the field or the pletely lost our offensive line.” on the field playing.” said freshman A.J. Benn. Many of these athletes still come to practices court.” Some injuries are harder to prevent, but there “It makes us not play at our full potential.” or weight lifting in order to continue to help the High school athletes account for an estimated are common techniques that could help players team mentally and physically. 2 million injuries and 500,000 doctor visits and “When I was injured with a pulled hipflexer, I prevent future harm. While many athletes have different stretches 30,000 hospitalizations each year according to was extremely frustrated with myself, especially because I love soccer as a whole. It is something to help them, there is trainer, Ms. Lisa Erickson, www.stopsportsinjuries.org. I am passionate about,” said senior Ricky Fon- which athletes can go to for help with stretching, seca. “Afterwards, it made me realize how pre- such as leg stretches to help loosen up tendons Photo courtesy of Myranda Dillay

Sydney Boulter , Sports Editor

Concussion Information and statistics Symptoms

Children have longer recovery times than adults because their brains are still developing. Most concussions are resolved in 7-10 days. Symptons will not show untill several hours beyond incident. If first concussions haven’t healded before a second occurs the side effects could be long lasting.

Concussion PSA -Light Sensitivity -Memory Loss -Sleepiness -Ringing of the ears -Irritability -Depression

-Blackout -Fatigue -Poor Balance -Diziness -Headache -Nausea -Distortion -Confusion


Sports

October 2016 The Moxie Mountie

‘Just one of the guys’

Senior Ciara Allen

Shinin Senio g

r

Girls join the Varsity football team

11

Building a legacy for underclassmen through commitment

Photo courtesy of Taylor Bruder

Morgan Huver, Asst. Editor-in-Cheif

Senior Caroline Smith

Senior Ciara Allen and junior Gavin Khon stand with the team in preparation for the National Anthem. Nicole Pier, Journalist

Despite all the odds and doubt, seniors Ciara accepting of them and are helpful. Allen and Caroline Smith have joined football, “I feel like the guys have always been so kind a male dominant sport. and supportive,” said Allen. “I really appreciate According to the National Federation of State them.” High School Associations, only 1,561 girls Smith described the boys as caring. The football played football last season. team cheers each other on and they never allow Allen and Smith feel honored to be a part of themselves to walk with their heads hanging. the upcoming statistics. Allen recalls a game when they were down, “I actually feel like a part of the team,” said but managed to pick their heads back on and Allen. “I don’t just feel like some girl on the continue the fight. team.” “When I first joined the team, our first game, They both have a passion for fitness and I felt all the passion from the guys,” said Allen. see this as an opportunity to not only get into Although there is the difference of being a shape, but to encourage other girls to get active female, there are some noticeable differences as well. from the boys and the two girls. “I’ve always wanted to play football,” said “It’s taken the girls some time to understand Allen, “but I started [playing] sports late the game,” said Slater. because I was so afraid of being bullied.” Allen and Smith agreed that they all get along She and her teammate, and are more than just a Smith, set a good example for team. other female athletes and are “I think when it comes no longer afraid to do what down to it, we are a great they love. team,” said Allen, “and [the Allen and Smith enjoy boys] care a lot about us and the company of their want us to be successful.” male teammates and feel Slater does not treat either comfortable enough to be of the girls any differently. themselves around them. “It’s business as usual,” -Caroline Smith They feel as if the boys make said Slater. Senior them stronger individuals, Allen and Smith want to encourage more and they also make them people to get involved with sports. better team players. “Not only does it to prove [people] wrong,” Not only is Coach Mr. Corey Slater said Smith. “But you do it because you want to impressed with the girls, but the boys on the do it.” team are as well. Allen and Smith hope to see an increase in “The guys have been impressed by their female athletes in future years and want to show work ethic,” said Slater. that it is never too late to do something that you   When the girls make mistakes, the boys are want to do.

“Not only does it to prove [people] wrong, but you do it because you want to do it.”

Having been a Mountie his entire life, senior Nick LeachKing’s final season on the Varsity football team comes to an end. Leach-King has been playing football since the age of four. “My father inspired me to go out for football. Every person in my family played in high school, and I was born and raised to love football,” said Leach-King. Being in a Varsity sport comes with dedication and commitment. Leach-King’s on Varsity has taught him many lessons that he would like to pass on to younger generations. “My drive to keep going on with sports is to play for all the underclassmen; I want to build a foundation that after I graduate the next class can keep adding to,” said Leach-King. As one of three captains, Leach-King has made many memories on and off the field. Ones of which that he will remember long after he graduates. “I’m going to miss running out on the field with my brothers. Nothing is like that,” said Leach-king.   Leach-King has been wrestling since his sophomore year due to a recommendation from his football coach to help his performance through football. “Nick has become a really good leader.  He has really matured and improved on his positive attitude and encouragement,” said Varsity Coach Mr. Corey Slater. Through his years on varsity sports, LeachKing has taken initiative to better prefect the family aspect of the team. “He is extremely tough and wants to do well for the team,” said Slater. “He is our vocal leader; he is the one that is always encouraging everyone.” With his high school ending soon, Leach-King has an opportunity to play football for division three colleges but is unsure if he would like to pursue football in college. In college, Leach-King would like to study Criminal Justice.


Sports

12

Finding the balance

October 2016 The Moxie Mountie

Traveling teams influence athletes academics and time Northwest has it is fair share of athletes who play for teams that travel all over the place. This gives them an opportunity to explore the world and to meet new people, but it also affects their school social life. Junior Zach h Faremouth Zaacm Faremouth is a Compuware Te student athlete Griffen that travels to the Foster Team Detroit area, and Meijer sometimes to different states and countries for hockey. “Being an out of school athlete has been the best thing to have happened to me,” said Faremouth. “ It’s given me a chance to see a lot of different places and meet new people I’d have never met if I played school sports.” These students are out l l a of school a lot of the tb f time. Depending So rs o i r r on the sport a Wa n a student athlete hig Mic could miss rd o j up to 30 days Ryd an Kylie Eatm of school in a r a Elyss tlyn Pie year. Kai They may have some good friends at school who play the same sport they do, but the majority of the friends they have come from the team that they play on because they are together all the time. “If it wasn’t for my teammates I would

never have gone to Northwest,” said sophomore Sydney Shafer. “Whenever you join a new team, you meet someone for the first time ever and literally five minutes later you are best friends with them.” Students that play for out of school teams get to miss school sometimes that means they have to be willing to study and do a lot of homework on the road so they can stay on top of all their work. “Whenever I miss school I usually have a ton of homework and it’s hard to make sure I have it all done,” said Faremouth. Devoting almost every day of the year to one passion, they have to be dedicated in order to get good grades and still do well in their sport. Out of school athletes often practice Senior Mallory West pitching at Varsity softball game. on school nights and depending on the drive to wherever they are strong bonds are formed becoming almost like a practicing the students may family. That is why students who play sports cer not be getting home until C out of school have friends in school, but they So late at night. are not able to make it to parties or able to h us R “There’s nothing hangout with school friends because they son k like being with your c Ja are always with their teams. er team on weekends b a Out of school student athletes get F n or going for a team so lby r e h e to experience a lot of different things t S Pat dinner there’s nothing y r e like cities and sometimes culture while be Bail a like it,” said Shafer. F playing the sport they love. Tera Teams are together for most of the year together and Photo courtesy of Miranda Dillay

Griffin Foster, Journalist

Sydney Shafer, Journalist

When junior Ella Bontrager recieved a call and attended an elite camp at Lake Superior State University (LSSU) she never imagined how much she would fall in love with it and decide to continue her basketball career there. Bontrager’s love for the game of basketball started at four years old. After seven years she took her game to the next level and started playing Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) basketball. Over those years she played with the teams Columbia Central travel, Jackson Jets, and Michigan Elite. Bontrager and her teammates have won two district titles, and last year her team lost in regional finals for Northwest’s first regional title. She is looking for more district titles as she enters this season. Bontrager is a committed student athlete. She joined the varsity team her freshman year and knew her dream was to play basketball after high school. “When I was at LSSU it felt right,” said Bontrager. “The new recruitments were nice and I loved the coaches.”

Special education, the program that Ella would like to major in, is offered at LSSU. “I have taken an interest in special education since I have been in high school,” said Bontrager. She is in a year round class called Peer Connections. Students help the students in Special Education classes and build friendships with them. “I am pleased that Ella will be playing at LSSU. It is not only a great fit for her basketball but also for academic opportunities,” said Ella’s father, Mr. Geoff Bontrager. “I really enjoyed the time we spent at LSSU this summer.” Ella’s family is looking forward to her future and is excited that she has chose to commit to LSSU. “Ella is an extremely motivated player and impacts the team positively on and off the floor,” said junior Carsyn Sleight. “[She] easily creates a focused atmosphere in intense game situations. I am very excited for her to continue her basketball career at LSSU.” Her next goal would be to achieve a state championship. Ella’s high school career is not over so there are high hopes for her and the lady Mounties in future seasons as they go on their quest for a state championship.

Photo by Ella Bontrager

Student athlete seals LSSU future

Junior Ella Bontrager stands in LSSU girls basketball locker room after verbally commiting to LSSU.

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