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ALL-AMERICAN HALL OF FAME

THEMOORNEWSPAPER.COM

Attributes of Teen Suicide JANET GUAN JOSEPH NEY-JUN Staff Writers Teen suicide is a growing issue in America. Approximately 4,600 adolescents take their own lives annually; however, 157,000 people receive medical care for self-inflicted injuries. The Center for Disease Control and Preventions recorded the adolescent suicide rate in 2010 as 10.5 percent, up from 9.7 percent in 2007. Suicide is the third leading cause of death in adolescents. Recently, a girl from Florida committed suicide after being cyberbullied. On Sept. 10, 12-year-old Rebecca Sedwick committed suicide after being cyberbullied from the end of 2012 to the day of her death. Two of her former classmates, Guadalupe Shaw and Katelyn Roman, began targeting her on Facebook. Sedwick is not the first case of cyberbullying leading to unforeseen consequence, nor will her story be the last, but was far from the worst-case scenario. In 1999, two bullied students worked together to orchestrate a school shooting, which became known as the Columbine Massacre. They killed 12 students, one teacher, injure 24 other people and then took their own lives. In After the Fall, a play by Robert Miller, a line reads, “A suicide kills two people.” The act of suicide not only directly affects the person taking their own life, but also family members and people holding sig-

ISSUE 10, VOL. 104

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 2013

nificant relationships with the person. Suicidal thoughts can cause an individual to no longer care about -or consider- the effects of their actions on the people around them. Some who are bullied go as far as to make attempts to kill those who are driving them to a suicidal state and finally kill themselves, similar to the situation that o c curred

at Columbine. However, not all suicidal people will go attempt to harm others. “All students are different, but there is a sense of isolation and a feeling of helplessness,” school psychologist Viven Wong said.

As all students are different, there are a multitude of factors that can lead to suicidal thoughts, but depression is one of the most common. Depression can be caused by a number of factors, from hormonal imbalances to the loss of a loved one. Information gathered by the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center showed that more than 90 percent of people who commit suicide have diagnosable mental disorders such as, depressive disorder and substance abuse disorder. Recognizing one possible factor is not enough however. “The only way we can stop suicide in teens is to not look at these people like statistics, but to be willing to offer help to them as friends,” said Sophomore Sania Luna. Organizations such as the Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program work to prevent teen suicide and provide the kind of help Luna suggested. When someone begins considering suicide it may cause a change in their behavior and a disruption of their normal habits, such as meal times and sleeping schedule, according to the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. Being aware of the signs of imminent suicide and understanding how to handle delicate situations can help prevent future suicides in America and in Alhambra. MOOR graphic by SIMON ZHAO

Self-Organized Success CINDY LUO Staff Writer Research shows that students who work in groups, in addition to regular instructions, are more likely to learn more efficiently compared to those who are only taught by a teacher. This system, called self-organization, is ideal in places where teachers may not be available. Sugata Mitra’s experiment in self-organized learning won him the 2013 Technology Entertainment Design (TED) Prize, and he spoke about the results of his experiment at the TED annual conference. “[When the experiment reached] the end of about two years […], the teachers reported [that students had] dramatic improvements in [...] all sort of things, [...and] they became really deep thinkers,” Mitra said. Through his research, Mitra discovered teachers’ enforced instructions only reduce students’ interests in learning. However, he believes that studying in groups can enable students to think more independently and facilitate the process of memorizing information. “Collaboration can be a really powerful tool,” math teacher Aya Kamimura said. “[When students collaborate], they take [the lesson] way farther than I could anticipate.” However, when students in teams are not responsible with their assigned parts, teamwork learning will not be useful. “It wastes valuable learning time. Some students must slow down to help others,” freshman Samantha Jones said. According to Mitra’s research, students with self-organization and the will to learn will be more creative and productive than individuals who are given a teacher’s direct instruction.

Inconsistent Bedtimes Indicative of Health Problems ANGELA YANG Staff Writer In a study conducted by the American Psychological Association, it was found that an infrequent and inconsistent sleeping schedule correlated with an increase in behavioral problems in children ages 2 to 5 years old because a consistent bedtime maintained the body’s internal clock and regulated the children’s behavior. The behavioral problems are all indicators on the Child Behavior Checklist for issues such as anxiety, depression, aggressiveness and hyperactivity. To that end, sleep is vital to human bodies because it allows the body to rest and enrich healthy brain function which then improves learning and lowers the risk of obesity. A consistent sleeping schedule is particularly important to a healthy development in adolescents. Children and teenagers require sleep because it triggers the hormone

that promotes normal growth and boosts muscle mass, according to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). A consistent sleeping schedule has the same b e havioral effect on adults as it does children. The NHLBI found that adults who are well rested and maintain a healthy sleeping schedule are often more productive and perform better during the day at work and school than those who are deprived of sleep. Lack of sleep or inconsistent sleep can also result in the development of many health problems. It was found that sleep deprivation is often linked to running a

higher risk of incurring obesity, heart disease, diabetes, a weaker immune system and a shorter

life expectancy, as recorded by the Division of Sleep Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Furthermore, a study conducted by Brigham and Women’s Hospital reported that an inconsistent

sleeping schedule conflicted with the body’s internal biological clock. Irregular sleep decreases the body’s resting metabolic rate, which lends itself to a higher possibility of weight gain and obesity. D e spite the health risks and behavioral problems associated with the lack of sleep and inconsistent rest, many find it hard to maintain a regular sleeping schedule due to numerous factors, many of which are associated with the fast-paced life of today’s society. The Sleep Health Foundation reported that some of the many reasons behind an inconsistent sleeping schedule included

excessive caffeine, jet lag and stress. On the other hand, those who do maintain a regular sleeping schedule find that an interruption in said schedule disrupts them. “I have a pretty consistent sleeping schedule and when I’m not consistent, I fall asleep in class,” freshman Kelly Huang said. For others, the change in sleeping schedule does not affect class behavior, but rather their mood. Sleep and mood are also closely connected, as disclosed by the Division of Sleep Medicine. A poor sleeping schedule leads to irritability while a healthy sleeping schedule strengthens the human body. “When I have to stay up to do homework I will be hyper for the first few hours; after that I’m really tired and maybe a little grumpy,” sophomore Amy Leung said. MOOR graphic by SIMON ZHAO


TEA TIME WITH TINA

Just Be You TINA CHEN Opinions Editor One hour, two hours and the clock continued ticking. For the past months, sitting in front of my laptop while goggling at a blank word document has become part of my routine. I then proceeded to write a masterpiece that would define me in 650 words, but the task seemed arduous as the “backspace” button continued to be my greatest enemy. High school seniors around the world are finally feeling the pressure to look “good” for colleges. Do I need to raise my SAT scores from 2380 to 2400? Should I self-study for AP Computer Science while juggling four other AP classes? Must I start my own company to stand out within the applicant pool? Being accepted by meeting the requirements doesn’t seem to cut it anymore, but even going the extra mile seems to only be the bare minimum. “I don’t want to go to college,” I typed. Backspace. “Please accept me as I am quirky, sarcastic and passionate.”Backspace. Back to 0/650 word count. It was then I recalled that I’m writing about myself. The one person I am most familiar with, the one I was able to consult within the past 17 years, the one I’ve been living both comfortably and uncomfortably in. Me. I typed feverishly on my keyboard, trying to keep up with my own thoughts as my mind spat out ideas left and right while my fingers started to strike up a melodic beat. I realized that this was all very simple; there was no formula to being the perfect applicant, but only to being the perfectly imperfect me. To those writing supplements and personal statements: Be yourself, because who else can be a better you?

Don’t Take Weight Discrimination Lightly ELTON HO Staff Writer “Dear obese PhD applicants: if you don’t have enough willpower to stop eating carbs, you won’t have the willpower to do a dissertation #truth.” Imagine being a student who graduated at the top of your class despite some struggles with your weight, and then seeing this trending tweet from Dr. Geoffrey Miller, a professor you admire. Now picture a T.V. reporter who has to worry about getting fired because her above average weight could be repulsive to viewers. Unfortunately, this was the case for Good Morning America correspondent Tory Johnson. We may not notice it, but we judge a book by its cover far too often, especially when it comes those who are overweight. They are routinely discriminated

against within society, attached to the persistent stigma of being lazy and lacking self-control. Some

may believe that deriding people for their obesity will motivate them to live healthier lifestyles, but shame is hardly an effective catalyst for change. Instead of ridiculing and demeaning the overweight, a more effective way to assist them in becoming healthier individuals would be through words of encouragement and support. Many believe that obesity is a simple issue that can

be easily resolved through eating fewer calories and exercising more often, however, it is much easier said than done. Being obese is not always a voluntary decision in any shape or form. Even with the utmost devotion, recovering from obesity is an arduous task that involves the maintenance of a meticulously healthy lifestyle where even the smallest slipup is not tolerated. In addition, genes can play a role in one’s predisposition to weight gain; such a person may find it much more difficult to substantially lose weight compared to another on the same diet. If one had not personally experienced the struggle of losing weight, it would be sanctimonious of one to judge another for being “lazy.” Moreover, the media do not improve matters concerning the encouragement of people who are

South Africa in Need for Auxiliary Security JADE LIEU Staff Writer In Johannesburg, South Africa, two missing toddlers were found murdered and hidden in a toilet cubicle. The same incident occurred to a five-year-old girl, who was strangled and dumped around the same location. President Jacob Zuma condemns these killings and wants to build a stronger community; however, he has not taken action. According to the L.A. Times, South Africa has one of the highest murder rates in the

world, with approximately 16,000 people being killed per year. Although it is proven that South Africa has one of the highest killing rates in the world, nothing has been done about it. People in the community feel unsafe and frightened by these killings. Action should be taken to protect the people of Johannesburg. The most important place to begin is strengthening security and enforcing new laws. President Zuma could establish a law in which the murderer is sentenced to a lifetime in prison. He, of course,

is not the only person who can take action. The people of South Africa can also strengthen the safety of their homes, by watching their children in an area with close proximity rather than allowing them to play in open areas unsupervised. Although this may be a tragedy, this also presents an opportunity for the United Nations to help. They could send over armed men to help ensure safety of the community. In order to build a stronger and more secure place for the people of Johannesburg, these actions must be taken.

MOOR graphics by SIMON ZHAO

overweight. “Fattertainment” is both popular and a breeding ground for obesity stereotypes, according to Obesity Action Coalition, (OAC). Overweight characters are often portrayed as acceptable targets and the butt of tasteless jokes. Studies show that obese female characters are often mocked by male characters, and even in 40 percent of children’s movies, at least one overweight character is disliked, according to OAC. In addition, “shocking” headlines continuously chide celebrities for gaining a little weight and looking more like an average human being. These tell the public that beauty is unrealistic thinness, which only results in insecurity and unnecessary stress. Weight discrimination even manifests in the form of workplace bias and medical care. A 2012 study published in the International Journal of Obesity concluded that obese women applicants with the same qualifications as non-obese women applicants receive

lower starting salaries, have fewer perceived leadership qualities and were less likely to be selected for the job. Also, according to a study published by Wake Forest School of Medicine in May 2013, doctors are less likely to respect obese patients as they assume that the patients will not listen to treatment plans. In some cases, the bosses and doctors were not even aware that they were treating overweight people differently; they just attributed stereotypical traits to them. It is important to be aware of subconscious biases so that people are treated solely on their character and merit. The pressures to scour the prominent obesity epidemic out of America may be resulting in overzealous, hurtful attitudes. However, compassion and awareness are key in combating this issue. In order for change to occur, overweight people should know that they are being supported and that they have the ability to create a healthier life for themselves.

Littering: What Goes Around Comes Around BARRY CHEUNG Staff Writer What counts as litter? Litter is any kind of substance or object that is thrown out to pollute and ruin anything in the environment, including the inhabitants. Littering is performed countless times, but detrimental effects are caused by such carelessness. However, in order to prevent these negative effects, it is important to be cognizant of one’s responsibilities and stop littering before more health or environmental impacts arise. In recent years, the environment has been severely damaged from littering. Trash is found lying around, posing harms to animals from inhibiting their natural habitats to food poisoning from food scraps. These trash are not only contaminated, but may also weaken the animal’s health and eventually, our own. According to the Science Leadership Academy, animals may ingest infectious trash and then animals or humans eat these infected animals. After the 2011 tsunami in Japan, a total of 11 million liters of radioactive water was dumped into the Pacific Ocean by the Japanese government.

This affected the Pacific Bluefin Tuna which began to exhibit signs of radiation poisoning, which harms consumers of these fish. Additionally, plastic has been the object that is littered most into the Pacific Ocean. The plastic absorbs toxic chemicals that cannot be dissolved in the water and are eaten by fish, harming the next predators who eat the fish. This continuous cycle can lead to the poisoning of the whole food chain. According to the Chintimini Wildlife Center, a huge amount of litter is found in bodies of water. The litter eventually dissolves and releases toxins into the water. This water evaporates, releasing poisonous gases into the air. Diseases that arise from littering include hantavirus and malaria, which involves poisoning from heavy metals and toxic chemicals being thrown out daily. No good comes from littering; it hurts the environment, wild animals and individuals, including those who littered. In order to maintain sustainability, pick up a soda can, stray newspaper, candy wrapper or even a cigarette butt. Imagine how much cleaner the planet would be!


THE HOLLYWOOD HABITAT

With their talents, celebrities seemingly entertain and influence millions of people around the world effortlessly. However, what some people forget is that they are essentially regular people, just richer and better known. Since they are continually in the media, they’ve become role models to toddlers and teenagers. SHELLEY LIN Staff Writer

The New Kid in Town

SYLVIA WINSTON

Features Editor

Albert Einstein once said, “What is popular is not always right, and what is right is not always popular.” but many celebrities did not heed this quote over the years. Many celebrities have become obsessed with creating a flawless facade in front of the media. To pursue fame, some celebrities have withdrawn from their true responsibilities as role models. It is easy to claim that celebrities are a little different than the rest of us. A celebrity is a person who has a prominent profile and commands some degree of public fascination and influence in day-to-day media. Nobody is perfect and the world is beginning to understand that, so we don’t expect celebrities to be perfect. Nevertheless, they are expected to influence society in a positive manner; their actions should not leave behind a vacuous emotion throughout the audience. Famous individuals include: the late Princess Diana of Wales, president Barack Obama and Salman Khan (founder of Khan Academy). The list is endless, but don’t presume that celebrities are only the ones we see on television. They are also the ones that step out to make a difference.

Gotta Go My Own Way

JACQUELYN LOI

Staff Writer

People may envision the celebrity life as a perfect life where nothing bad happens, but some celebrities have gotten negative critique due to inappropriate behavior. Examples of this are celebrities like Justin Bieber, Lindsay Lohan, and Miley Cyrus. According to TvGuide, on April 14, 2013, when visiting the Anne Frank House , Justin Beiber left a message in the site’s guest book saying, “Truly inspiring to be able to come here. Anne was a great girl. Hopefully she would have been a Belieber.” Not long after, Bieber had sprayed a photo of Bill Clinton with a bottle of blue liquid and called him an expletive. Similarly, Lindsay Lohan has also experienced some drawbacks of her own. Since 2007, Lohan has spent approximately $1,147,500 on both rehab and arrests. According to HollywoodScoop, Lohan had failed a drug test on Sept. 25, 2010 and on Feb. 9, 2011, she was also charged for a grand theft felony. In addition, Miley Cyrus’s actions at the 2013 VMAs were not exactly applaudible. Furthermore, in her music video for “We Can’t Stop,” Cyrus dances lewdly and shows herself “cutting” herself. Now, people may wonder how Hollywood is affected by the inappropriate acts performed by celebrities. A few people may blame Hollywood for the actions of these stars; the stardom and the pressure may lead them to act a certain way. However, that does not excuse their doings. America’s youth should be exposed to well respected celebrites that set a good example for them.

In Fame, In Fortune, Influence

JENNY LEE

Features Editor

With technological advancements, news about whoever and whatever is accessed wherever and whenever. Retrieving the latest celebrity gossip requires nothing but a few taps on a phone, a few clicks of a mouse or a few buttons on a remote control. Because celebrities play a significant role through American entertainment, they become role models who can influence a sizable number of their fans. An idol’s poor decisions affect the language, self esteem and self respect of young fans. The National Institute of Mental Health calculates that over five million Americans have eating disorders, starting from age eight. With the media glamorizing products with models looking like Barbie Dolls, even young adults feel less confident and more dissatisfied and angry about their appearance. Newsweek surveyed that 84 percent of Americans claim sex plays a greater role in popular culture than it did 20 to 30 years ago. Celebrities like Lindsay Lohan and Miley Cyrus, voted the Worst Celebrity Influence of the Year on an online poll aimed at 9 to 15 year olds, raise questions over the connection between celebrities and these statistics. Although not every idol is negatively influential, those who disrespect themselves or immerse themselves in drugs and alcohol should not only be wary of their health, but also of how they are perceived. The moment a person steps up to be a celebrity, they become a role model.

MOOR graphics by SYDNEY LI and GEN THIPATIMA


Cross Country Team Advances into League Finals as Fortified Team

Attendance at Alhambra Games Falters, ASB in Efforts to Raise Student Support

KEVIN KONG Sports Editor

Imagine Homecoming night. Hundreds sat together under Friday Night Lights as they cheered on the football team. However, for many athletes, a crowd can be a rare sight. In fact, many athletes perform without an audience. There are a variety of reasons for a decline in attendance, such as a lack of transportation to games and the cost of tickets. Most teams play at offsite locations like Moor Field, Granada Park or Almansor Park. For example, out of the seven fall sports, only volleyball and tennis have on-campus games. Furthermore, the cost can increase as students begin to attend more events. However, the Associated Student Body (ASB) card allows a student unlimited entry to games so that they are able to support their Moors. Another issue that vexes many students’ efforts to attend games has been time restraints. “No one has the time to go to a game and then come back home and do homework. If games were [played at an] earlier [time], then more people would [go],” junior Nourhan Ateout said.

MOOR photos by YIBEI LIU ADRENALINE RUSH The Alhambra cross country team continues to strive for better results in addition to their excellent placing in their first league meet on Oct 2. KAYIU WONG race because I wasn’t so sure how three miles,” Rodriguez said. Staff Writer I would do and a lot of people During practice, the runners were counting on me. Now, I am are primarily focusing on inAfter their second league proud of [myself for] placing and creasing speed and endurance race on Oct. 23, the Alhambra achieving a new personal best and properly implementing cross country team advanced in time,” Anhayte Guajardo said. drills. Running times have been Almont League rankings. Out The team is on a road toward their focal points to reduce and of the six competing league finishing strong and Head Coach establish personal records durschools, the varsity girls’ team Sandra Rodriguez believes that ing each race is another focus. To currently stands in third place, progressing into the Califor- junior captain Raymond Chau, while the varsity boys are in nia Interscholastic Federation for example, reaching his season third, frosh-soph girls in fifth (CIF) preliminaries will be the goal time of less than 18 minand the frosh-soph boys in third. next big step. The athletes’ abil- utes has been the driving force During the race at Legg ity to work together smoothly for him to enhance his speed. Lake, junior Anhayte Guajaand show great teamwork is “When finals come, it rdo placed second and freshwhat she describes as the big- will all pay off,” Chau said. man Yaneli Guajardo ended in gest improvement this season. Almont League finals are on fourth place for the varsity girls’ “They have learned to really Nov. 7 for the team and cross team. Additionally, junior Gasupport one another during a country’s accomplishing strides briel Castro finished third and race and with this, the team has have made advancing into CIF junior Daniel Ramirez placed matured and become more con- preliminaries a hopeful posfifth on the varsity boys’ team. fident in their ability to complete sibility in the coming week. “I felt scared going into the

Though there are multiple reasons students may not go to games, students may benefit from being in the stands. They are able show support for their fellow Moors, have the opportunity to get involved in the community and earn service hours for their club by watching a game. Athletes benefit in the sense that they gain confidence when they see supporterswho believe in them. “Although [an audience] may put […] pressure on players, I feel like it also boosts their confidence as they think that all these people came out […] because they […] have confidence in us,” junior volleyball player Kiyomi Takemoto said. ASB has also been raising support by having pep rallies for teams during lunch on Third Street. During these rallies, athletes introduce themselves, announce future games and play interactive games with a few audience members. “[ASB] want[s] players to feel like the school supports them in every single way. It also brings school spirit if kids take part in encouraging our athletes as a community and a school. Being encouraged by fellow student[s] brings encouragement, motivation and excitement,” ASB Director of Athletics Ricky Martinez said.

TSAIbertron Says

Russia’s Discriminatory Law Contradictory to Overall Message of the Olympics

Varsity Waterpolo Anxiously Awaiting End of Season

WESLEY TSAI Staff Writer

SIMEON LAM Staff Writer

AHS Girls’ Golf Team Continues with High Hopes for Seasons to Come

In hopes of bringing back golf, the girls’ team was reestablished last year. This season has been a testing year with the Lady Moors only competing in tournaments; they will compete in a league like

other sports next year. However, only four girls had joined the team. “One of the big problems is that golf is not a spectator sport,” Head Coach Luis Brambila said. “However, I think that [more] girls should consider golf because it doesn’t require much athletic ability and not as much pressure.”

Of the few players, all of them had good, if not spectacular, seasons. Even though golf is not a popular sport, the girls were interested in trying a new sport. “I wanted to join golf because I have played the sport since I was a kid,” freshman Yaneli Guajardo said. “I wanted to use this

experience to support our school.” During the season, the team practiced every Friday, begininng with warm-ups then stretching. The players would then work on individual skills, depending on their needs. This included putting, chipping and chipping out of sand bunks. At around 5:00 pm, practice

would end with approximately 75 shots at the driving range. “We have done pretty good considering it’s our first year, we hope that more girls come to try out next year. [We] ended the season on a good note,” sophomore Amanda Beeal said.

MOOR graphic by GEN THIPATIMA

MOOR photo by YIBEI LIU STEPPING UP DEFENSE On their Oct. 29 game against the Mark Keppel Aztecs, the Alhambra boys’ varsity team strategically focuses on their defense in order to combat Mark Keppel’s offence. ANHAYTE GUAJARDO proved greatly during this sea- ‘umbrella’ which is a new faster Staff Writer son. Our style of play had be- pace offence. Lopez also excome much more aggressive plains that the team is making As the fall season rapidly comes both on offence and defense,” great strides in improving their to an end, all fall sports are preHead Coach Adrian Lopez decision-making by speeding up paring for the last league games. said. “[However], Schurr will plays during games. ConsistentThe varsity boys’ water polo definitely be one of our hard- ly working on their stamina and team is no exception, currently est challenges all season.” communication between teamholding a season record of 0-3 To get ready for the game mates, the team is optimistic for after losing against Mark Kepagainst the Spartans, Lopez the last upcoming league game. pel on Oct.29 with a score of “We are still lacking on our continues to focus on fine tun5-16. The team is continuing to communication skills during the ing their defensive and ofget ready for their last league game, but our defense has imfensive plays during practice. game against the Schurr Sparproved, and I’m sure we will The team is also working on tans on Nov. 5 at Granada Park. do [well] this upcoming game,” running a new strategy called “Overall, our team has imsenior setter Keane Ong said.

The Winter Olympics was created in 1921, and like its fellow competition, the Summer Olympics was created with the regards to uphold the spirit of competition. Sports are all about love of games and that is what comes between athletes and players but discrimination against homosexuality does not justify what the Olympics are really about. In 2014, Russia will hold the winter Olympics at Sochi. With the knowledge that Russia being one of the most anti-homosexual countries, Vladimir Putin pressed laws against exhibiting homosexual performance in front of minors. However, why is homosexualiity the main basis of the Winter Olympics? What happened to just the general interest of sports and competition? Furthermore, banning anti-gay demonstrations not only takes away from the culture, but also the spirit of sports as well. The whole idea of the Olympics doesn’t comply with the meaning or message that the Russians are trying to input behind it. I remember watching my first Olympics on TV, it was held at Athens, Greece in 2004. Russia contradicts the definition of unity in an event where sports are always about meeting new people and having fun. No matter what sex, race, ethnicity or sexuality you are, athletes are competing for the fun and passion of it. The main idea of unity is bringing the athletes together to compete with no strings attatched, whereas this year, the law against displaying homosexual conduct dephicates the true meaning of being united. The whole spirit of the Olympics is really stripped away since Putin discriminates homosexuals. What is the point of calling it the Olympics when the Russians are more focused about the athletes that conduct homosexual activities? It is melancholy how athletes who have been practicing and devoting their entire lives to place in this competition be arrested or prohibited to perform in the competition simply because of their sexual orientation. The fact that athletes showing their true charisma at a worldwide event are being punished for doing so, is truly unacceptable.


November 2013 - Week 1