“All things must be examined, debated, and investigated without exception and without regard for anyone’s feelings.” — Denis Diderot
The Millennial Vol. 1. 3 •
December, 5 2013 • Dayton, Ohio • www.facebook.com/themillennialpaper • themillennialnewspaper.wordpress.com
Fukushima Radiation to Trans-Pacific Partnership: Reach U.S. Coast in Four Years; The Tip of the Iceberg Pacific Ecologies Will Soon Feel Impact
Kimimasa Mayama/AFP via Getty Images
TEPCO officials and journalists stand at the H4 tank area at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant, where radioactive water leaked from storage tank
by Thom Kilburn Editor in Chief Radioactive water from the Fukushima nuclear reactors in Japan could reach the US West Coast in the next four years, according to recent simulations carried out by oceanographers. The environmental impact has already been felt around the globe. The Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant is the site of the largest nuclear disaster since the Chernobyl catastrophe of 1986. Damage caused by the tsunami in March 2011 led to equipment failures, nuclear meltdowns and releases of radioactive materials into the region and ocean. With the exception of Chernobyl, it was an unparalleled nuclear disaster from which fallout will seen in the environment for years to come. Through a litany of observational studies, environmental experts across the board have begun to understand the detriment Fukushima’s spreading radioactivity will have on Pacific-based ecologies. But why are these experts worried? Jota Kanda of the Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology estimated last year that about 0.3 terabecquerels (TBq) of radioactive material are being spewed into the ocean each month. A becquerel is a unit of measurement for radioactivity (with “tera-” being the prefix for trillion.) This past August, the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) released the figures of 0.1 to 0.6 TBq per month for caesium-137 and 0.1 to 0.3 for strontium. Caesium and strontium are the fission fragments left over after uranium-235 undergoes nuclear fission— the process used to generate power at nuclear plants such as Fukushima. Although the amount of monthly radioactive leakage varies within TEPCO’s figures, it continues to this day. Over the course of the past two years following Fukushima’s meltdown, the radioactivity has spread all throughout the Pacific Ocean. According to a study on the radioactivity dispersion by Claus Böning and Erik Behrens, oceanographers from the Helmholtz Centre for
Ocean Research, the waste from the Fukushima nuclear reactors will soon double the radioactivity of U.S. coastal waters. They used global ocean circulation models to simulate the movement of a tracer that was continuously injected into Japanese coastal waters over several weeks. Böning and Behrens then recorded its spreading and dilution in the Pacific Ocean over the course of 10 years. “We were of course not surprised that there is a mixing effect, but we were surprised at how quickly the tracer spread,” said Böning in a recent interview with Environmental Research Web. “Within one year it will have spread over the entire western half of the North Pacific and in four years we predict it will reach the U.S. West Coast.” However, Böning points out that the level of radioactivity will be much lower than what was released into the surrounding waters of Fukushima. Some U.S. residents are beginning to report trace amounts of radiation in water. Reports in northern Alaska say that radiation has already arrived at the coast and concerns over contamination of fish and wildlife have mounted. Douglas Dasher, a researcher at the University of Alaska Fairbanks says that more may be heading toward coastal communities, such as Haines and Skagway. He predicts that radiation levels in Alaskan waters could reach Cold War levels as a result of radioactivity dispersion from Fukushima. “The levels they are projecting in some of the models are in the ballpark of what they saw in the North Pacific in the 1960s,” Dasher said. Even the far south of the American coast is seeing effects from the nuclear meltdown. Southern California has experienced transitive exposure to radiation possibly from Fukushima. Story continued on page 3.
by Julius Eason Senior Editor There is a secretive multinational trade agreement that threatens to put the rights of profit-driven corporations over the rights of human beings. Titled the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the TPP is an international trade pact currently being negotiated by the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) along with eleven other foreign governments: Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Malaysia and Vietnam. Over the last three years, it has been drafted to cover many topics, such as the pricing of pharmaceutical drugs and intellectual property rights, even allowing for the rights of investors to sue states and countries over policies that interfere with their profits. Despite addressing many important issues that affect the general public, this trade pact has only been made privy to the governments drafting it, along with 600 corporate advisors.
Aiming to circumvent the democratic process involving congressional review and public debate entirely, the Obama Administration intends to fast track the agreement to a vote by as early as the end of this year. Regarded as the largest-ever economic treaty, it has surprisingly little to do with tariffs and “free trade.” Nearly thirty chapters are being discussed, only a few of which have anything to do with trade. With 600 multinational corporations being allowed access to and assisting with the drafting process, the TPP has been referred to as a “corporate power tool” or the “wet dream of the 1 percent.” Corporations such as Halliburton, Chevron, PhRMA, Comcast, Wal-Mart, AT&T, General Electric, Monsanto and the Motion Picture Association of America have influenced the TPP over the last three years.
Story continued on page 3.
Military Sexual Assault Debate Not Going Away, Pentagon Struggling for Answers
Image from www.rawstory.com
by Robert Callobridge Contributing Writer For decades, the Pentagon has struggled to address the issue of sexual assault within its ranks. The issue, though often overlooked, has been a perennial topic of concern for certain lawmakers and committees tasked with oversight of the massive federal agency. In 2004, Congress mandated the creation of the a task force to investigate ways to more effectively address the issue in military academies. The Department of Defense (DoD) has addressed issues regarding discrimination, LGBT soldiers, women in combat, and other deeply-divided topics. However, it has struggled to satisfactorily address the concerns of victim advocates and oversight hawks. A 2005 Inspector General report from the DoD found that the majority of female victims of sexual assault did not
report the incidents because of fear of disclosure and the resulting perceived ramification—including damage to their social life and careers. While the problem is considerable across the country in all fields, it is especially pervasive in the military due to strictly-enforced institutional procedures governing how sexual assaults are reported and prosecuted. The “chain of command”—a system whereby a victim reports the incident to his or her commanding officer, who then carries unilateral authority in determining whether to prosecute, and then reserves authorities to in some cases overturn a conviction—is under stricter scrutiny than ever. For example, reports like a 2011 exposé from Newsweek found that a woman soldier is more likely to be sexually assaulted than killed in combat. Story continued on page 4.
Table of Contents Millennial’s Staff Page 3: International Stories (Fukushima Radiation, Trans-Pacific Partnership, Typhoon Haiyan) Page 4: National Stories (Drones, ACA, Sexual Assualt in Military) Page 5: National/Local (Socioeconomic Status & Scholarly Success, Money in Springfield) Page 6: Features Page 7: Features Page 8: Features Page 9: Music (Oneohtrix Point Never Album Review, Sleep Fleet Album Review, Upcoming Shows) Page 10: Horrorscopes, Crossword Page 11: Question of the Month, Sudoku, Word Find
Thom Kilburn — Editor in Chief Julius Eason — Senior Editor Rebecca Macfarland — Editor Chelsea Hall — Lead Photographer Anna Burke — Contributing Artist Johnny Alpha — Contributing Artist Henri Man — Economics Columnist Lena Chen — Feminist Columnist Evan Miller — Music Columnist Pedro do Amaral Souza — Brazilian Columnist Dylan Dohner — Writer, Photographer Kyleigh Jones — Writer Robert Callobridge — Writer Matthew Hobbs — Writer Henri de Toulouse — Writer Hassan Alhejaili — Writer Benjamin Virnston — Writer Vick Mickunas — Writer Hugh Roid — Writer
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Page 12: Poetry
Letter from the Editor To my beloved communities, December is now upon us and Jack Frost has begun expelling his icy breath upon our comely hemisphere. The colors that once painted our trees ablaze have packed their bags and we’re once again left with our barren Midwestern landscapes. This may come as dismal news, but for The Millennial, the beginning of December marks the successful completion of our first season. Valiantly, we stare onward into the future, preparing to brave another season filled with challenges to overcome, opportunities to seize, stories to write, and news to cover. What you hold in your hands is The Millennial’s third monthly issue, and just like everything else, our flavor has changed with the season. We’ve incorporated not only more legitimate and pertinent stories, but also timely news coverage—that is, coverage of events that have taken place over the course of recent weeks. The topics discussed within the pages of this issue demand your attention and photograph by Chelsea Hall concern more than ever. Each story was carefully crafted with the goal of informing, engaging, and, quite possibly, provoking you, the reader, to take action. Like last month, we printed 2,000 copies of this issue of The Millennial to be distributed throughout the Wright State and Yellow Springs communities. We do, however, have future plans to expand our territory to new frontiers with greater quantities. Thus, if you find that The Millennial piques your interest, contact our staff to find out how to get involved with this project. You could be one of the lucky few to say that you helped get this newspaper off the ground! By contributing or offering a helping hand, you will also have the glorious opportunity to have your voice heard among thousands of local readers. Now isn’t that just a wonderfully tantalizing thought? As Editor in Chief, however, I feel compelled to offer my sincere gratitude to those who have already reached out to me. To my staff: I cannot begin to say how deeply humbled I am to preside over such a magnificent and intellectual group of writers and contributors. Each one of you has helped The Millennial to become what it is today—a seemingly legitimate newspaper that was once the lofty pipe dream of a delusional beet farmer. It is my hope that every reader that stumbles across this edition of The Millennial pays your columns and articles the deliberation that they deserve. As is ever the case, time lurches onward. So please, readers, continue to play witness as The Millennial grows accordingly. Yours bluely and truly,
Thom Kilburn, Editor-in-Chief
Statement The Millennial aims to serve the collegiate communities of the Dayton region in an informative and thoughtprovoking manner; To rally political and social involvement, foster civic engagement, combat apathy, and increase global awareness; To act as a reliable instrument for criticizing corrupt institutions and ideologies; To meet the information needs of the collegiate communities with journalistic integrity.
We are looking for contributors! The Millennial is currently seeking out writers, photographers, artists, graphic designers, and aspiring activists! Let us know via email (firstname.lastname@example.org) how you can help with the cause. Editorials and letters to the editor are always welcome. No paid positions are offered—all contributions are done voluntarily.
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International Philippines Still in Shambles from Typhoon Haiyan
File Photograph: AP
by Kyleigh Jean Jones Contributing Writer Imagine the luxury of cooking a meal in the comfort of your own kitchen and eating the meal you cooked, sitting at your dining room table. Now, imagine that the very next day, you’re forced to eat in the debris of what you once called home. This is all too common of an occurrence for Filipinos affected by last week’s typhoon, also known as Typhoon Haiyan. There have been many disputes over the actual number of deaths brought on by this natural disaster along with claims of President Benigno Aquino downplaying the death toll. Some of the latest figures present over 3,500 deaths, more than 12,000 injuries and nearly 600,000 people rendered homeless. These statistics have gathered steam for international relief. However, much like after the 2004 tsunami in South Asia, donations of old clothes and shoes have been gathered in abundance in a relief effort. Although very well intentioned, Americans are making the same mistake of sending unnecessary items overseas. Most of these items will litter the streets along with the boxes they are shipped in. What the affected people really need is a humanitarian effort geared toward providing things they actually require for survival. Money never hurts. Many countries have been able to send funds to the organizations that have worked in the affected areas before the storm hit. These organizations are much more likely to know the region and have a quicker response. It is also important that funds are given to agencies that are able to tell Fukushima story continued from cover Pacific bluefin tuna migrating from coastal Japan to the waters off southern California contained radioactive Caesium isotopes from the nuclear disaster. The amount of radioactivity in the fish was one-tenth the level the U.S. and Japan consider to be dangerous, and likely posed minimal public-health hazard or risk to people who ate Pacific seafood. Although the levels are within safe limits for human consumption, the bluefin tuna demonstrate how such pollution can be carried vast distances by migratory species. However, meeting regulatory standards does not necessarily imply a lack of long-term risk.
exactly what is needed and how they are using what they are given. Such agencies will obtain the funds and use them directly to help rebuild the shattered economy. Most importantly, though, in donating funds, make sure your donations are going to an agency working directly with the government. This will maintain that the agency’s response is parallel with the nation. It has been proven that Americans are extremely charitable in times of disaster and distress. So what has the United States done so far in terms of relief effort? The United States has pledged a fund of nearly $20 million, which places them at the top of relief funders covering about one-third of all funds. Along with sending a large sum of money relief, the U.S. has also sent hundreds of troops and aid workers overseas. These are great statistics for the country, but people have been more absorbed in the lack of funds provided by China which started out at a mere $100k. However, after receiving much criticism China decided to up its donation to about $1.6 million. Many other countries are sending funds and aid to the Philippines as well: Australia donated nearly $30 million, the United Kingdom sent $16 million, Japan and United Arab Emirates each promised $10 million, and Ikea pledged $2.7 million. Yes, Ikea, the Swedish furniture company sent more money to the aid of the Philippines than China has. If you would like to help out with relief efforts, go to redcross.org for local chapter information or redcross.org. ph to donate directly to the Philippine Red Cross.
Trans-Pacific Partnership story continued from cover. Everything from labor issues to intellectual property rights, public health and environmental regulations are being forced under corporate rule in a deal that threatens to surrender local, state and national sovereignty. The TPP has fallen under recent controversy over the lack of transparency with Congress and the general public. Several groups have organized protests, letter-writing campaigns and petitions, and sought to expose details of the trade pact. Members of Congress have requested disclosure of the trade agreement, and the Obama Administration has been criticized for its secrecy. On November 13, 2013, WikiLeaks released a draft text of the entire chapter pertaining to intellectual property (IP) rights. Expanding significantly upon the language behind such legislation as PIPA, SOPA and ACTA, the TPP intellectual property chapter features excessive copyright proposals and heightened global IP enforcement. The internationally agreed-upon copyright term could extend from the life of the author + 50 years, to life + 70 years for individually owned works; for corporate-owned properties (think Mickey Mouse), that term could extend to up to 120 years after creation. Copyright infringement would be criminalized under the TPP on even the smallest scale, leaving internet users facing serious jail-time for downloading music. Bans would be set in place to prohibit the breaking of digital locks, even for legal uses of the protected work. This restricts fair use, open source development in regards to innovation and competition, and usage of copyrighted material for educational and socially beneficial purposes. Internet service providers would also be encouraged to monitor and enforce provisions of the proposed agreement, undertaking a new “three strikes” method. Users facing three separate infringement accusations will have their internet access revoked by their provider, and will be subject to a deep packet inspection. These provisions only skim the surface of the leaked chapter on intellectual property rights, a chapter of which is merely the tip of the iceberg known as the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Corporations would be granted legal status equal to sovereign nations. These corporations would be free to sue governments (including state and
local governments) whose laws could hypothetically have an adverse affect on their profits. In these international trade tribunals established by the TPP, judges would likely consist of corporate lawyers, and chances for appeal would be low. Food safety laws protecting farmers and their families, environmental regulations that restrict pollution and favor clean energy, and labor laws in regards to jobs both stateside and overseas are all grounds for corporations to sue if there is a perceived risk of the bottom line not being met. Under the TPP, pharmaceutical corporations will inhibit access to affordable medical treatment that could save lives. “Evergreening,” a process that allows for never-ending patents with statistically insignificant changes in formula will stifle the development and release of generic medicine and keep drug prices high. Even surgical procedures could be patented. The Trans-Pacific Partnership will serve to nullify multiple areas of US and international law in the name of corporate rule, and will effectively sign away our rights. The countries involved in negotiations already make up for 40 percent of the world’s GDP. With nearly every major corporate player in the world on board, increased pressure will be placed on other countries to accede to the terms proposed in the document, for fear of being excluded from trade agreements with the US and other TPP members. These issues and more are being negotiated under unprecedented secrecy. More than seventeen rounds of negotiations have been held all over the world since 2010 with virtually no coverage by mainstream media. Information available to us thus far has been thanks to the efforts of WikiLeaks and the Citizens Trade Campaign, among others. With the Obama Administration pushing for fast track authority, the TPP will be signed and placed before Congress for a simple up or down vote, sans congressional approval. No transparency, no public forum, no possibility for amendments, no democratic due process. Exposure and scrutiny of the TransPacific Partnership is key. Public opposition and grassroots movements have thwarted previous attempts at similar “free trade” agreements in the past. It’s this exact outcome that the Obama Administration and the USTR are hoping to avoid. For more information on the TPP, and how to take action, visit the Citizens Trade Campaign website at www.citizenstrade.org
Check us out on Facebook! www.facebook.com/themillennialpaper Caesium-134 and caesium-137 were both found in Pacific bluefin tuna caught near San Diego months after the nuclear meltdown at Fukushima. The fish spawns in the western Pacific; some juveniles stay in Japanese waters while others swim east to the California Current Large Marine Ecosystem, generally when they are around a year old. While most oceanographers and environmentalists, such as Böning and Dasher, assert that the disposing of radioactive materials into the Pacific is grievously irresponsible, others argue the contrary saying that all radioactive water can safely be dumped into the ocean. “The ocean would be the safest place for the waste water,” said Geraldin
Thomas, who runs the Chernobyl Tissue Bank at Imperial College London. “But to make that politically acceptable they have to talk to the local population. They have to make people understand that low levels of radiation don’t matter because we’re all exposed to it all the time.” Not all experts agree on the alleged safety of exposure to radioactive materials via water or seafood consumption, though. “You have to hand it to the nuclear industry and its acolytes,” said Peter Karamoskos, Ph.D., nuclear radiologist and public representative on the radiation health committee of the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency. “In the middle of the second-worst
nuclear power disaster in history at Fukushima, and with still no end in sight, you would think they would respond with contrition, humility and profuse mea culpas,” said Karamoskos. “Not on your life. The industry representatives and its acolytes came out swinging in full denial attire,” he said.
Editorial: The Case for a Permanent Suspension of
U.S. Drone Strikes
A MQ-9 Reaper unmanned aerial vehicle prepares to land after a mission in support of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan.
by Matthew Hobbs Contributing Editorialist Assured by design to be perceived as antagonistic, Noam Chomsky, now a wizened 84, has begun referring to U.S. drone policy as “by far the biggest terrorist campaign in the world” and “a terror generating machine...a terrorist operation.” While drones themselves may be considered antagonistic by foreign people due to their increased implementation and specifically their participation in displays of force and open aggression in sovereign airspace, they are not being used currently on the U.S. soil. Luckily for us, the president has authorized their use by way of pen with the help of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in several cities by 2015. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) projected purposes, as harmless sounding as weather emergencies and traffic violations, to such ambiguous purposes such as crime solving and surveillance. Like any new technology, there aren’t many ways of judging their effectiveness without a necessary period of trial-and-error, which we will get into a little later. I attended a drone seminar earlier this year sponsored by the Dayton city government to see what all of the hubbub was about. Throughout the seminar, the organizers attested to the heightened degree of safety the community would possess, and raved about the numerous jobs that developing and implementing the technology would bring. They were kind enough to put on a presentation explaining how they used aerial photos to bring a burglar to justice. Yet, when questioned by the attendees, the organizers of the seminar had, in my humble opinion, no solid explanation as to how the photographs helped. I couldn’t help but wonder, “Was this what the Wright Brothers had in mind when they developed flight, and if not, how much they would be rolling around in their graves?” I wasn’t convinced by any means of a useful purpose, nor any degree of effectiveness in that role. What is much more convincing is their current use in Yemen and Pakistan, foreshadowing their existence on the world stage. Amnesty International recently
released a report on the subject of drones. One particular story, taking place in Pakistan, involved a 68-year old grandmother named Mamana Bibi going to see her granddaughter, as they were walking together, a drone targeted her and killed her in the presence of her granddaughter. The U.S. government has not acknowledged her death and likely never will, so no one will be brought to justice and her family will not be compensated for her death. Amnesty International’s report states: “It’s time for an investigation of alleged unlawful killings resulting from U.S. drone strikes.” I don’t find this statement outlandish, but it is going to take public action and civil disobedience to make our elected officials budge to the tune of organizing the proper authorities and implementing the rule of law in our flagrant foreign military dealings. Ideally, this must happen before the defense contractors get together and conspire to siphon as much money as they possibly can from the Pentagon and the taxpayers. These murders must be addressed before our representatives go about their business—with open intent or a particular trained ignorance—of developing silent killers and information-gatherers. It may seem like asking too much from those in power, if there even is such a thing. With habeas corpus out of the picture as each armed drone lifts off, there simply isn’t any need for the government to track down and bring people to justice, when they can simply kill those who are considered undesirable by our leadership. Osama Bin Laden is a good example of this new tactic being implemented during our ‘new’ gilded age of corporate money-dominated politics. The idea that people are so terrible as to not be tried in a court of law is surely not one of a dignified society, but more along the lines of the cold cutthroat belief system embedded in the totalitarian power structures of multinational corporate entities. All of this being said, I would suggest it is time for the public to inform themselves on the matter in order to develop an understanding of the subject, and, therefore, a stance on the question that drones present to our immediate future.
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Sexual Assualt story continued from cover. Enforcement problems spurred the Department to conclude that of the estimated 19,000 sexual assaults in the military each year, only 1,108 are reported and filed for investigation. Of these, only half are actually processed. Last year, only 96 cases went to court martial. These statistics belie an unpleasant truth for the Pentagon, which is renown for its cozy relationships with Congress and special interest groups: the Department is having a difficult time reconciling previous attempts from Congress at requiring it to address the problem on its own. In 2008, Congress required the Pentagon to create a database with data regarding previous sexual assault cases and reports within two years, hoping to curb the statistics illustrating that up to 90% of the sexual assault in the military are committed by repeat-offenders. Five years and $14 million later, the Pentagon still cannot claim the database is operational. In response, lawmakers have sought to more directly intervene. Senator Kirsten Gilibrand (D-NY) has introduced a bill that would completely remove commanding officers from the procedures surrounding prosecution of sexual assaults in the military. In a far cry from the days of yore, it has gathered significant bipartisan momentum in the press, public, and the annals of the world’s most-deliberative body. Senator Claire McCaskill (D-MO) has
National introduced another bill, with separate backers from both parties, that would more forcefully mandate the Pentagon to comply with previous requirements and would address in smaller fashion perceived problems with the sexual assault reporting procedures. Already this year, reforms have been tied to funding and authorization bills, including one sponsored by Republican Mike Turner of Dayton, requiring an immediate and mandatory dishonorable discharge for anyone convicted of a sexual assault crime while in the military. But as the wheels of Congress begin to turn faster, the Pentagon is still lobbying lawmakers to be patient and deal with the bloated agency as it struggles to modernize systems annually eviscerated by its own Inspector General for being inadequate. Their refrain is simple: we know we’re slow, but we’re steady and we’re trying. They want the time to implement reforms based on the traditions of the historic entity, including the findings of a panel set up by Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel to research exactly that. And while the Pentagon, the invincible lobbying machine, is severely weakened following decades of limited progress, it has succeeded in slowing the process and limiting the impact by pitting factions of Congress against each other. Whether the debacle will continue indefinitely is not known, but the resolve of each faction will surely be tested by the massive sequester budget cuts scheduled to take place at the beginning of next year and remove more than $20 billion from the Pentagon’s budget.
Editorial: Why Generation-Y Needs to Sign Up for the Affordable Care Act by Henri de Toulouse Contributing Editorialist As a young adult, why do I need health insurance? I am a fairly healthy person except for a few cuts and scrapes, a cold here and there, and a bout or two of the flu bug. I have very little money to cover my existing expenses, let alone to pay for something I’ll hardly (if ever) use. It is estimated that 40% of all new HIV infections occur among young adults. Approximately 1700 young adults die from binge drinking every year. 35% of young adults/adults are considered obese in the United States. 20% of young adults have mental health problems (primarily depression and anxiety.) So much for invincibility. The ACA (Affordable Care Act) or “Obamacare” law was enacted to provide good health insurance at a reasonable rate for those who qualify for it. It is able to achieve this through exchanges (insurance companies that give group rates), mandates, and federal subsidies and cost-sharing (for low income individuals). It also allows for young adults who make less than $15.8K a year to apply for insurance through Medicaid. Many of the preventive care services that young adults need more frequently than other medical services will be covered at no cost. Some (but not all) of the covered services are as follows:
1. Immunization shots (including hepatitis, herpes, human papilloma virus, meningococcal, flu, chicken pox, and many more) 2. Breast cancer screening 3. Mental health screening 4. Blood pressure screening 5 HIV testing 6. Obesity screening 7. STI prevention counseling 8. Tobacco Use screening 9. Syphilis testing 10. Birth control If I, as a young adult, want to consider myself a responsible person, I should be able to take care of my own health and medical care without being a burden upon my parents, my government and/or other adults who already have health insurance (increased premiums due to the uninsured/underinsured). The ACA is that opportunity for me to become more independent.
To learn more about the Affordable Care Act and to receive healthcare information, visit https://www.healthcare.gov/ or call the number 1-800-318-2596.
National & Local
Does Socioeconomic Status Determine Scholarly Success? by Henry Mann Economics Columnist Consider the classic tale: Five and six-year old students enter a kindergarten classroom. The background of the students varies in gender, race, ethnicity, class and so forth. As they progress through their academic journey together, their success within the classroom diverges and evolves. To what do we owe these transformations? With the effectiveness of the U.S. public education under fire from all sides, the public has directed their attention upon the factors that influence student achievement with the hope of alleviating the ever-growing achievement gap. Academic achievement is a relatively abstract term that refers to the extent to which a student has achieved their educational goals. Such a definition suggests that academic achievement is dependent upon the inherent motivation or intentions of the learner throughout his/her academic career. The most obvious and measurable factor that has long been cited in order to explain the differences among the educational success of various groups of students is the socioeconomic status of the parents. However, only focusing upon such postulations inhibits a discussion of the variety of factors that play a role in academic achievement. Regardless of the standard by which achievement is perceived, a multitude of factors influences a student’s scholarly success that are less measurable yet no
less important than the socioeconomic background of the student. To begin with, research has shown that the individual characteristics of each child, such as gender, race, ethnicity, effort level, self-concept and learning difficulties, have a significant impact upon the student’s performance within the classroom.
“A multitude of factors influences a student’s scholarly success that are less measurable yet no less important than the socioeconomic background of the student.”
Discounting the influence of parents upon their children would be disregarding years’ worth of psychological research. There is a strong correlation between the educational background of a child’s parents and the child’s academic performance. Parents who have received higher levels of education tend to instill within their children the importance of education, which impacts the student’s inherent motivation, personal goal-setting and overall approach to schooling. Furthermore, children whose parents have pursued higher education tend to have higher expectations placed upon them, which influences the child’s view toward education and their overall academic achievement.
Springfield City Council:
Where Does the Money Go? by Hassan Alhejaili Contributing Writer The Springfield City Council held its monthly community meeting from 7 pm to 7:33 pm on Tuesday, October 29, 2013. A spirited discussion ensued when one Springfield resident questioned the council about its spending of city tax dollars. They started with a discussion of all the new reports and new agendas. All the members of the city council agreed with the new agendas. There were only four residents of Springfield in attendance at the City Council. The residents started the discussion by asking questions about the increase of drug use, mostly heroin, in downtown Springfield. They also discussed the increased amount of prostitution in the area. During the meeting, a resident of Springfield spoke out against what he perceived as unwise spending of city money by the council, and specifically asked about where the money is being spent. Another resident shouted
out against the spending of money by asking that one of the reports from the Finance Director referenced the spending of $115,000 on a new contract for Mark Finchum, $218,835 on the Ohio Department of Transportation Cooperative Purchasing Program, and receipt by the city council of $250,000. A resident asked, “Where does the money go? What are you going to do with the $250,000?” Springfield Mayor Warren R. Copeland replied, “The money goes for the residential areas throughout the city.” The resident questioned exactly where the money is spent in the residential areas, stating that there are never any new changes in the city. The mayor, however, cut the resident’s talking short and replied that all the money goes into the city and that he can supply proof. In addition, Mayor Copeland said that the Council is here to make the city a better place, they are sure about their spending, and they are doing a great for a small city. The meeting was short and it ended very quickly.
Such assertions do not discount the influence of socioeconomic status upon student achievement. Research has shown that by the age of three, children living in economically disadvantaged households have vocabularies that are significantly smaller and less developed than children in more affluent households. While many attribute the achievement gap to the inadequacies or weaknesses of particular schools or districts, research shows that the disparity lies in the fact that some students enter school lacking the knowledge and skill levels of their counterparts, which places them at a disadvantage from the outset. Would equalizing the socioeconomic status of every child in the public education system result in an equalization of the student’s educational performance? Is it even realistic to speculate on such ideas? The real question lies not in how one can influence the socioeconomic status of the students, but rather how one can impact the academic achievement of all students, regardless of their economic background. Despite the strong link between socioeconomic status and academic achievement, a substantial research base indicates that children from economically disadvantaged backgrounds can succeed in a learning environment that has been structured to ensure that appropriate supports are available to students as a means to supplement the disparities that may exist when children enter the classroom. What do these supports look like? Environment plays the first part. Classrooms that employ highly trained teachers and staff that have received extensive training in young adolescent development, diverse instructional prac-
tices, and current learning theory can impact students’ overall achievement. Exposure to high-quality instruction contributes to students’ overall academic achievement.
“A substantial research base indicates that children from economically disadvantaged backgrounds can succeed.”
Extensive research also suggests that parental involvement constitutes a significant part of students’ academic success. The nature and extent of parental involvement in a child’s learning offers an explanation for the differential patterns of achievement among students. Finally, the demands placed upon the educational system as a result of a technological society participating in rapid globalization have increased the emphasis placed upon the early development of skills in children. Therefore, encouraging the early education of children in basic learning habits, communication skills, and problem-solving behaviors will ensure that children enter the educational system equipped with the proper attitude to achieve. Rather than boiling down student achievement to one test score that appears to be impacted by the specific economic background of the students, consider the multitude of factors that play a part in students’ overall academic accomplishments throughout their educational careers.
by Pedro do Amaral Souza Brazilian Correspondent The end of the sixties saw a decline of psychedelics not only as recreational substances but also as object of scientific studies. But as paradigms break down we are seeing them return in the scientific community, which is investigating their therapeutic potential in treating a wide range of disorders. The first studies with psychedelics were conducted in the fifties when the therapeutic potential of LSD, a psychedelic synthesized by Swiss Chemist Albert Hoffman, attracted the attention of scientists and psychologists. Other substances investigated during the time were psilocybin and mescaline, naturally occurring psychoactives found in certain species of mushrooms and cacti. At that time, psychedelics were viewed by the scientific community as a pos-
sible key to understanding the human mind and the nature of disorders such as autism, schizophrenia and depression. A prominent figure of this age was Timothy Leary, the Harvard psychologist who conducted a series of studies with LSD and psilocybin. One such study was the Concord Prison experiment, which used LSD and psychotherapy to reduce the rate of recidivism (the tendency to repeat undesirable behavior) in inmates. Another study conducted by Leary was the Marsh Chapel experiment, which investigated the potential of psilocybin in producing mystical experiences. Besides Leary, other researchers at the time studied the potential of psychedelics in treating alcoholism and alleviating anxiety in patients with terminal diseases. Despite the promising results of these studies, the government’s concern with psychedelics increased due to a boom in recreational use amongst the youth. Throughout the sixties, a series of re-
strictions were placed on them, making research harder. These restrictions culminated with the Controlled Substances Act in 1970, which put psychedelics under the same class of drugs such as Heroin, blocking further research. Even with these restrictions, small studies were still conducted as researchers found loopholes on laws, but there wasn’t much for a long time. In 1990, researcher Rick Doblin funded the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) with the purpose of educating the public and promoting a comeback of the studies. That comeback came in 1993, when the National Institute on Drug Abuse and the FDA approved studies with psychedelics as long as they are government-authorized. This approval marked the beginning of a new era for psychedelic research, investigating the therapeutical value of many substances. The studies with the greatest repercussion were the ones conducted with marijuana, which found in it potential to treat a myriad of conditions that range from Glaucoma to lack of appetite and insomnia in cancer patients. The result of these studies opened the gates for medical marijuana, which is fast-expanding throughout the world. But many other substances have been studied in the last two decades, with fascinating results. A good example is the experiment conducted by John Hopkins University in 2006 to investigate the effect of psilocybin-induced mystical experiences on test subjects. The results indicate a single dose of psilocybin in a clinical setting can produce long-term personality changes such as reduced depression and anxiety as well as increased spirituality and a more positive
Features outlook on life. Another study on psilocybin done by the UCLA (University of California in Los Angeles) with cancer patients found a reduction of depression and anxiety in all volunteers. Another substance that is the subject of many studies is MDMA, popularly known as ecstasy. Most studies have focused on its potential to treat PSTD (post-traumatic stress disorder), due to its ability of producing a state of openness that facilitates therapy. But recently MAPS has obtained approval from the FDA to study its potential in socially integrating people with autism. Apart from the aforementioned substances, drugs such as Ketamine, Ibogaine and DMT, among others, have shown promise in treating many conditions. As these studies yield results, the amount of research in the area is increasing. Despite this new boom in psychedelic research, there are many restrictions still in place, which in the words of British psychiatrist David Nutt are “the worst censorship since the Catholic Church banned the works of Copernico and Galileo.” But these restrictions are being taken away as more studies are published. And this process is happening with a professional and scientific discourse that contrasts the utopic liberalism of Timothy Leary. What will come next only time will tell, but some researchers, such as Doblin believe in the coming decades we will see large scale use of psychedelics in treating a myriad of conditions, resulting in advances in medicine and psychology.
The Monthly Meditation This feature series is a tool to help you discern that puzzling reality of yours. Every month, we will feature a different philosophical school, doctrine, or way of thinking. This month’s school of philosophy: Stoicism by Thom Kilburn In a century far, far away, a Greek thinker named Zeno of Citium created an intricate philosophy that would saturate abstract thought for ages to come. Stoicism came forth as a school of philosophy that spoke of virtue, rationality, and living in accordance with nature. Zeno created Stoicism in 3rd century BCE and it immediately caught on. Zeno’s initial followers, or Stoics, were often referred to as “philosophers of the porch” because they would frequently meet at the agora to hear him speak. In its heyday, Stoicism was quite a cosmopolitan way of thinking. If you were anyone that was anyone in Hellenistic Rome, you would have been head over heels for the raging new fad of Stoicism. Even influential philosophers like Cleanthes of Assos and Chrysippus picked up the “new” way of thinking and developed Stoicism as a whole doctrine, complete with a system of logic, epistemology and cosmology.
Holy mackerel! Stoicism essentially proclaims that an enjoyable life can only be achieved if one has lived virtuously—that is, not indulging in vice, acting immorally and bringing unhappiness unto others. Moreover, it asserts that destructive emotions are a direct result of irrationality or poor judgement. Good lies in the state of the soul itself; in wisdom and self-control. In a somewhat fatalistic way of thinking, Stoics believe that the only thing over which we have control is the faculty of judgement. In a way, they believe that the universe acts of its own rational accord. Nothing that happens must happen necessarily. Stoicism also asserts that God has no existence distinct from the rational order of nature and should not be constructed as a deity or a bearded bloke above with a cosmic blueprint. Since the natural world and the universe operate rationally, the Stoics believe that the only way to live a good life is...? Rationally, of
course. To live the life of virtue is to live a life in accordance with nature. Stoics condemned those that lived morally decadent lives and stole, cheated and lied. Only a radically ethical individual could be immune to misfortune. An interesting exercise in Stoicism would be to take a view from
above; imagine your place in the universe via your family, your society, or the whole human race and work out your role within that. Sure, this comes off as philosophical mumbo jumbo. But maybe after pondering all of this, you will start to look a bit stoic yourself.
ZENO OF CITIUM
Just Smoke A short story by Dylan Dohner
My dad decided to lecture me today. His room was musty and dark. He took me here whenever he wanted to lecture me on something. He knew the place helped his points along about as much as he did. A large, old antique mirror hung on the wall behind me. From the reflection of his glasses I could see the reflection of the back of my head. This helped me focus on his eyes. He said, “Okay now. Son, I don’t want you to lie to me.” He opened his hand, producing a spent cigarette and a fresh one next to it. “I don’t want you to lie,” he repeated. I said, “Those aren’t mine.” I saw my head shake quickly. He clucked a small laugh. “I won’t be angry.” “Those aren’t mine.” “I won’t be angry,” he said, “if you say these are yours.” He was calm. “You’re more or less of-age, and it’s not unreasonable.” I will not lie to you. I’ll say to you that those were exactly my cigarettes, both of them. The scent and the taste of the first one still lingered with me. But I didn’t want to tell my dad. I said, “Not mine, sir.” I looked hungrily at the other. My hand twitched forward. I figure I saw my dad look down at my hand for a second, then back up at me. Then at his own hand, then at me. “What do you think Mom would think about this? She knows all about stuff like this.” He put the cigarettes down next to him in the lamp beam. Yes, I thought, Mom knew all about stuff like that. He said, “You don’t have to tell me now, son. In fact I would be addled if you did. It’s a treachery to lose one’s commitment to this kind of adulthood right away. Better to let it marinate and enjoy it.” So here was the standoff. We both knew he knew. His confidence shattered me through those glasses. The room was musty and dark. But musty as it was, dark as it was, I could not tell him. “Go on,” he said. “I gotta get mowing soon.” **** Later in the evening, I crept down the stairs and saw him on the sofa in the living room, wedging slowly through a book by Thoreau. I descended and walked around him to get to the kitchen. The room smelled of smoke, deep and tantalizing smoke. I wanted to linger and breathe it, and make it part of me, and collect its abundance. But I didn’t want to provide evidence, and anyhow I’m not sure if the exhaust worked that way. I was still new to the whole thing. The table next to him held up a lamp, a small square box of tissues, a clear cup of liquid, and an ash tray. I couldn’t see the tray of that ash tray, and I felt disappointed. I was angry with myself, and confused at myself, for feeling that way about my dad. But, what a terrible betrayal of this family. Yes, that was the word. It was a massive betrayal. The new emptiness of this room gave more space for the smoke to wander, thoughtless of the world, without a past or a future, just smoke. He looked up over the book at me. I looked at him. It settled around us as if morning mist onto statues. I said, “What do you think Mom would think about this?”
FOOD THOUGHT FOR
The Scientific Connection between Diet and Cognition
Photograph by Chelsea Hall
by Benjamin Virnston Food Columnist Recent discoveries in food science have clearly demonstrated the impact of diet on mental health. With a few simple changes to our eating habits we can supercharge our minds. Owing to a steadily increasing trend toward health-consciousness, many of us are already aware of the close link between what we eat and how we feel. We probably know to eat a varied diet, avoid processed foods, ensure adequate intake of essential nutrients and minimize our intake of “bad” fats and simple sugars. However, these broad guidelines are only the first step toward a truly functional diet. In this inaugural edition of Food for Thought, we will focus on how the frequency of meals can affect cognition. Just like any other organ, the brain requires a steady stream of energy and nutrients to function well. In fact, since the human brain consumes so much of the body’s resources, it is especially impacted by what we feed it, or fail to feed it. Therefore, one of the most important steps toward improving brain function is ensuring an adequate supply of energy and nutrients at all times. The standard pattern of three large meals per day leaves gaps during which blood sugar plummets and the brain is starved of vital glucose. Worse
still, many in our fast-paced modern society choose to skip meals because they are rushed, overstressed or just trying to save a buck. Do you ever feel irritable or foggy between meals? There is a good chance hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is to blame. Wright State Biology student Alia Eckhardt has struggled with hypoglycemia for years. The problem has only gotten worse since she entered college, where it is often difficult to find time for a decent meal. “If I go more than a few hours without eating, my mind starts slowing down,” Eckhardt said. “When I forget to eat for longer than five hours, I’m pretty much a zombie.” Eating small, more frequent meals or snacking between meals can go a long way toward improving concentration, memory and mood. Remember to snack healthily to avoid blood sugar spikes, weight gain and nutritional deficiencies, which can have the opposite effect on brain function. Beyond changing the frequency of eating, there are a number of specific foods we can incorporate into our diets to improve cognition. Many of these foods have been shown in animal and/or human studies to boost mental capacity, while also preventing diseases and disorders that can negatively impact cognitive function. Check out next month’s installment of Food for Thought to learn more about our first brain-boosting superfood omega-3 fatty acids.
Interested in contributing to The Millennial? We’re looking for journalists, writers, poets, photographers, artists, and business people. Contact The Millennial by way of e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
We Want a Lady in the Streets,
but a Freak in the Bed: A Feminist Perspective
by Lena Chen Feminist Columnist
Usher’s famous words, delivered with great talent and to wild popularity, illuminate an ongoing struggle within feminism and femininity – the sharp delineation between being a “good girl” and being a “bad girl,” known within academia as the Madonna/whore dichotomy. The Madonna/whore dichotomy is, in essence, the separation of women into one of two labeled categories: wild, animalistic “whore” and demure, wellbehaved “lady.” This practice is so widely accepted that we tend not to recognize it as problematic; however, it strips women of their inherent humanity and reduces them to two profoundly demeaning extremes. A number of problems arise as a result of this categorization. According to Leora Tanenbaum, a prominent feminist writer and lecturer, “A teenage girl [or young woman] is caught in an impossible situation. She has to project a sexy image and embrace, to some extent, a ‘slutty’ identity. Otherwise, she risks being mocked as an irrelevant prude. But if her peers decide she has crossed an invisible, constantly shifting boundary and has become too ‘slutty,’ she loses all credibility.” However, it is interesting to take into consideration UrbanDictionary’s number-one definition of slut: “a woman with the morals of a man.” While it is likely the definition was intended only to call to mind the fact that men are often portrayed as sexually insatiable and can be sexually promiscuous without social repercussions, it also calls to mind other masculine attributes. Men in Western society have always been the holders of the power to speak and to enact changes in their surroundings.
GYM PSYCH by Hugh Roid
So New Year’s is coming up, and with it: resolutions. Your resolution might be to start working out more because you’re fat, you’re unhealthy, or you’re depressed and just got nothing else to do. People tend to stick with the plan for a week or so and then peter out for all variety of reasons. They can’t make the time. MAKE TIME. What do you value more? Duck Dynasty? Game of Thrones? Or ripped abs and huge pecs? No excuses, no substitutions. Go to the gym, not the couch.
Their roles are more active and they tend not to be afraid to take up space, loudly and boisterously. Women, on the other hand, are given the roles of passivity, silence, and chastity. If they break out of these roles they become “bad girls” or “whores.” The result of this separation – and the demonization of both extremes – creates a double standard of expectations that is inherently impossible to achieve. If a woman is soft-spoken, demure, and chaste to all appearances she is a prude with outdated values and she loses respectability; she is restrained to the point of frigidity. On the other hand, if a woman is loud, boisterous, and promiscuous she is a slut, unworthy of respect; she gives in to her animalistic urges. Yet at the same time society loves both innocence and promiscuity. We place great value on virginity, chastity, and self-restraint, but at the same time we revel in overt sexuality and wild abandon. This dichotomy of desires becomes problematic not only in that it divides women (and their sexuality) into two rudimentary groups and strips both groups of dignity and respect, but also in that it requires women to embody both extremes! After all, Usher and those for whom he speaks (we?) want “a lady in the street, but a freak in the bed.” Unfortunately for Usher, we are all a little freaky and we are all a little prim. We must end the dichotomy by refusing to limit ourselves to a single identity. Usher will simply have to make do with women who are well-rounded individuals with a range of expressions and behaviors.
Book Review of “The Diary of
Edward the Hamster 1990-1990”
by Vick Mickunas Contributing Writer Are you tired of the rat race? Do you sometimes feel like a hamster spinning about in some infernal wheel? You don’t know the half of it. Several years ago Dr. M.E Rodentstein happened upon a garage sale. He noticed a tiny document which had been hidden away within a small cage. It was a diary, “The Diary of Edward the Hamster 1990-1990.” This rare journal has now been translated and is available to be perused by the general public. Edward the Hamster’s life may have been short but he lived it to the full. He was a searcher and a seeker, a lover of life and a dreamer. He sought a better life but things just didn’t work out. On Monday, May 5th he recorded this thought: “Why exist?” Two days later he discovered that his tormentors were truly evil. He describes what occurred that day: “Two of them came today, dragged me out of my cage and put me in some kind of improvised maze made out of books and old toilet-paper rolls. A labyrinth with no escape. They were treating it like a game, laughing and squealing as I desperately scrambled
from blind alley to blind alley - but I knew it was no game. They’re trying to crush my will, to grind me down. They can take my freedom, but they will never take my soul. My name is Edward, and I am a hamster.” Edward’s sojourn within this brutal gulag was brief. He rebelled by going on a hunger strike. Nobody noticed. Other hamsters joined him inside the cage. He wanted to kill his first cage mate. Then he falls in love. This joy was not meant to last: “I know that I am lucky to have spent only a few short hours with Camilla. She may be gone but she has left me the greatest gift any hamster can receive: Truth.” The next time you are spinning around in your wheel, trapped in this cage, seemingly headed nowhere, take a moment to remember Edward the Hamster. You’ll probably recognize that you don’t have it so bad after all. The translators of this unique bit of history are siblings. They once owned a hamster. It died. Then they realized that it was “the only living being either of them has ever attempted to take care of.” Unfortunately they failed to comprehend the key issue here: you never actually own a hamster, it owns you.
“The Diary of Edward the Hamster 1900-1900” was translated from the original Hamster. Authored by Miriam Elia and Ezra Elia. (Blue Rider Press, 85 pages, $14.95)
You’ll thank yourself later. The diet is hard. Don’t eat that donut or drink that beer. You’re not a dog, don’t reward yourself with food. Eat cottage cheese and drink skim milk. Eat wholesomely. Maybe you’re allergic to iron and swell up. Just realize that those weights are a collection of electrons, neutrons, and protons much like yourself. When it gets hard to push that weight, picture yourself as someone bigger and stronger: That is the someone you are becoming. When the pain starts to set in, think of all the other pains of your life. All the disappointments, all the insults, all the
treachery. Just remember that each pump is a “Fuck you” to everyone that ever put you down. The superficial pain will be forgotten. Make friends with gym rats, though. They bench cars and their ripped twelve pack abs just make your effort seem futile. Go anyway and ask them how they get so ripped. They’re a lot friendlier than you think. They’ve been where you were and wish that someone would’ve told them how to properly work out (and avoid stretch marks, injury, and the aptly named “suicide grip”). Take this advice to heart and just go to the gym. Spend each moment of each day climbing towards perfection. Maybe one day, you’ll wonder who that Greek god in the mirror is.
Artist: Oneohtrix Point Never Album: R Plus Seven Label: Warp Records Genre: Electronic, experimental
Artist: Sleep Fleet Album: Hudson & High Label: Self-released Genre: Indie punk
Today’s internet music culture is one often of borrowed nostalgia and constant reference. Old sounds are now made new again. In our postinternet culture, music discovery can become a flood of information and influence without the context of its time period, with just a few clicks. Thus we had the underground movement in electronic music of a few years ago called vaporwave, which can be simply/cynically described as chopped and screwed 80s pop—it reconstituted corporate muzak/cheap synth patches from the internet age boom. This music, stripped of its prior context and hitor-miss across the board, was and is still very polarizing. At the genesis of this movement, we had a release from Chuck Person, one of the many aliases of experimental electronic musician Daniel Lopatin, also known as
Oneohtrix Point Never (OPN). The tape’s woozy, psychedelic sampling of 80s pop hits bled into his other works, such as the excellent 2011 release Replica under his OPN moniker, as well as this new release. However, when samples are used in this project, they are either so obscure or so far removed from context that they may as well be original sounds. But the practice of using old, retro-futuristic or chintzy sounds still remains. His move to being more sample-based on Replica has kept up with R Plus Seven, but this time around it is more a mixture between his sample and normal analog synth-based works. If you consider yourself a fan of electronic music, be forewarned: this album is not for everyone. This is not the growling, sputtering bass of dubstep or the hard-hitting momentum of trap music. This is abstract music far removed from these modern genres. Not to say that he does not embrace modern sounds; many of the analog synth sounds are ones still used today by other electronic pioneers like Boards of Canada or Aphex Twin. However, it’s the inclusion of cheap, basic-
level synth noises alongside these newer textures that makes his sound unique, (and how the vaporwave aesthetic has crept into his other work). The songs on this record are generally formless in terms of typical song structure, and could easily be described as modern minimalism. Songs such as “Americans” or “Inside World” start and stop with many different sections, like vignette fragments stitched into a single piece. This album is both beautiful and quite disconcerting at times, with warm ambient drones being upended by sputters of vocal samples, winding percussive arpeggios or cheesy commercial synth sounds flying in like a strange 80s acid flashback, like in tracks such as “Boring Angel” or “Still Life”. If anything, Lopatin is very successful at weaving many different and contrasting textures into one coherent product. I suggest listening to this album loud, so you can fully take in every little idiosyncrasy of the analog sounds used, and how they vary from phrase to phrase. This has been one of my favorite albums so far this year, and I highly recommend it.
I will readily admit that up until a few years ago, I sold our local music scene in Dayton short. I was only knowledgeable on what was the most visible, which were your dime-a-dozen mediocre “insert adjective here”-core bands and bigger acts like Hawthorne Heights or The Devil Wears Prada. Lightly put, these bands were not my cup of tea. Thankfully, after finally finding my way into the underground music rabbit hole, I stumbled upon Sleep Fleet. At the time of my discovery they were only a Dayton trio of guys that came out of the same school system that I went through. Now, with the addition of Andre Vanderpool on guitar and new drummer Aaron Hardy, and a location change, the Columbus-via-Dayton quartet have returned with their first studiorecorded output to date, Hudson & High.
Escaped from the confines of mid-fi apartment recording (and the limitations of somewhere with a less diverse scene than a bigger city), the band is sounding more tight, and the punk intensity is unwavering. Corey Montgomery’s commanding vocals have that mixture of earworm-y melody and unhinged yowl that perfectly fit the band’s brand of punk aggression, pop sensibility, and just the right amount of dissonance to make things interesting. The band released the standout track “Happy Alone” earlier in the summer as a single. The droning verse vocals and guitar wails of lead guitar/backup vocalist Vanderpool and Nick Shope’s growling bass set the perfect launch into frontman Montgomery taking charge in the chorus. Montgomery also lets the dirty blues inclinations in his voice take hold in “Chief”, with guest organ from This Is My Suitcase leader Joe Camerlengo filling out the distorted blues punk texture excellently. There are no low points anywhere in this 6-track EP, from the constantly forwardmoving opener, “I Wanted It All” to the last
track, “Why Don’t You Want Me?” where Montgomery’s gritty vocals are especially hot on the mic. This new EP is a stellar release from a band that is thankfully receiving more well-deserved attention and press with their new location. With this also being their first vinyl release (on multi-colored vinyl in the near future), things are certainly looking up. I will now end with a demand: support your local punk scene, go buy this EP right now and see them play; their loud and cathartic live show should more than sell you. This is essential new local music, hands down.
UPCOMING SHOWS for DECEMBER 12/10 - !!! w/ Yip Deceiver 12/5 – Anthony Green w/ Taft Theatre (Cincinnati) Dave Davison (of Maps and Atlas- 7:30 PM; $18 es), Psychic Babble A&R Music Bar (Columbus) 12/17 – Anamanaguchi 7 PM; $17 Taft Theatre (Cincinnati) 7:30 PM; $15 12/9 – Tegan and Sara Cleveland Masonic Auditorium 12/19 – Jeff Rosenstock of (Cleveland) Bomb the Music Industry! w/ 7:00 PM; $35 - $40 The Sidekicks, Meridian The Grog Shop (Cleveland) 8:30 PM; $8
12/28 – Relient K w/ Mike Mains & the Branches, Baby Bear Musica (Akron) 7 PM; $15 1/6/14 – LVL UP KOBO (Columbus) *more info TBA*
UPCOMING LOCAL SHOWS for DECEMBER 12/6 – Sport Fishing USA w/ Speaking Suns, Holy Smokes Peaches (Yellow Springs) 8 PM
12/15 – Viva La Strings Christmas Dublin Pub (Dayton) 9 PM
12/6 – Blond The Union (Athens) 9 PM
12/19 – Sport Fishing USA w/ Veshecco, Emma Woodruff/ Kyleen Downes Glen Helen Building (Yellow Springs) 7 PM; $5 suggested donation
12/7 – Jeremy Frederick Memorial Show! w/ Aperiodic, Astro Fang Blind Bob’s (Dayton) 8 PM
12/27 –Blue Moon Soup w/ Speaking Suns, Sport Fishing USA Glen Helen Building (Yellow Springs) 7 PM
(Listen @ http://sleepfleet.bandcamp.com/)
Reviews by Evan Miller To read more album reviews, visit The Millennial’s website at www.themillennialnewspaper.wordpress.com
It’s holiday season! Eggnog! Spiced wine! Heck the balls with doughs of bolly! …or something like that, anyway!
Brush up on those Hanukkah carols; methinks you and Libra will be bustin’ out the tunes this season.
Your split personalities will enjoy spinning a Christmas dreidel under the lighted tree.
During your daily shower ponderings, you contemplate euphemisms for expletives. Son of a biscuit, some of them are pretty mother-father silly!
Scorpio Beware broken ornaments when you’re trying to break into some poor kid’s house over holiday vacation. Also check all closed doorknobs for booby traps.
Pisces All your batches of Kwanzaa cookies will be the talk of the town!
Virgo Take advantage of the holiday season. After all, there’s no place like mistletoe to meet the love of your life! Or, you know, your senile great-uncle.
Cancer Joy to the world and peace on earth! Lol, ask the little kids in Syria, Darfur, Sudan, Egypt, and factories in China where the joy and peace are right now. …Or mob Mall Santa; I guess that’s cool too…
Beware holiday candles, chestnuts roasting over open, closed, underconstruction, or bankrupt fires, and certainly beware your best bro’s sick fires.
Nobody’s going to know you’re re-gifting that awful old thing, except the person who gave it to you. Incidentally, that’s the person to whom you’re re-gifting.
Libra Go caroling, because seriously, that’s a thing that needs to come back. Just do everyone a favor and sing about things we can all enjoy, okay?
‘Tis the season for reindeer air traffic; do yourself a favor and don’t look up – fewer “treasures from the sky” falling in your eyes.
N at i o n a l S e c u r ity Age nc y Crossw or d Puz z le! In June 2013, Edward Snowden revealed unto the world the extent of the National Security Agency’s surveillance power. Since then, the intelligence organization has fallen victim to heavy criticisms from internet service providers, internet activists, and the international community as a whole. The Millennial’s response? To make a mockery of the situation in crossword puzzle form! Answers can be multiple words. Good luck!
6. Snowden was granted temporary asylum in this country. 9. The NSA’s origins can be traced back to 1917, three weeks after Congress declared war on this country in World War I. 11. The number of NSA employees is officially __________. 12. The NSA’s annual ______ is $10.8 billion as of 2013. 14. The NSA hacked more than 50,000 computer networks worldwide installing _______ designed for surveillance operations. 16. The NSA received early criticism in 1960 after two agents defected to the ______ _____. 20. The NSA’s domestic surveillance activities are limited by the requirements imposed by the ______ _________. 21. Under the Freedom of Information Act, known as FOIA, anyone may ask for ___________ from the NSA like budgets, internal memos from government agencies or data collected about themselves. 22. In 2006, a former ____ employee alleged that his company had cooperated with NSA to monitor network communications. 23. Critics of the NSA call for a greater ____________.
1. The NSA is authorized to accomplish its mission through clandestine means, among which are _______ electronic systems. 2. The NSA tool that collects “nearly everything a user does on the internet.” 3. Headquarters for the NSA is located in Fort George G. Meade, ________. 4. The NSA operates under the jurisdiction of the Department of _______. 5. The main producer and manager of signals intelligence for the United States. 7. The NSA is tasked with the ____________ of targeted individuals on U.S. soil. 8. _______ ______ is a program to perform vulnerability assessment by the NSA on U.S. critical infrastructure. 10. A recent bill would permit this law enforcement agency to directly search through the NSA’s vast data troves. 13. The German Chancellor that had her phone tapped by the NSA. 15. According to Snowden, the NSA often bypasses this. 17. This individual revealed in June 2013 that the NSA collected about 124.8 billion telephone data items between Feb. and Mar. 18. The NSA conducts these kinds of tests on their employees. 19. On December 16, 2005, George W. Bush authorized an executive order for the NSA to wiretap without ________.
This card serves as a 20% off coupon for all tattoos.
QUESTION MONTH OF THE
Every month, The Millennial staff saunters about Wright State University’s campus to find out a little more about the student body. We ask questions ranging from the personal to the political. You can also log onto The Millennial’s Facebook page at www.facebook.com/themillennialpaper to post your own response to the monthly question. This month, we aked:
If you were a government, to what extent would you monitor your citizens?
Sukhman Singh — Senior, Political Science
“At all federal buildings and dangerous locals. But, it’s important for citizens to remain cognizant of their privacy. Constant supervision inhibits free thought and expression of new ideas.”
Adam Ramsey — Junior, English “No monitoring. I really oppose the NSA situation. Citizens shouldn’t be treated like criminals and it gives too much power to the government.”
Dana Graham — Junior, Theatre Studies
“I would keep citizens safe at all costs on both the federal and local levels. However, being limited disables free thought and creativity. These are both essential for survival.”
Ima-Obong Inyang — Freshman, Business
Chaunte Mills — Senior, Sociology
“There should be no personal recordings of private conversations and more monitoring of government officials.”
Dr. Mathew Filipic — Visiting Professor, Political Science
“I think that I would have to monitor our citizens very closely because with violent situations, there would be ways to stop it.”
“I would monitor my citizenry to a very limited extent, subject to judicial controls.”
WORD SCRAMBLE 1. fhamuskui
Hint: Each word can be found in columns throughout this issue of The Millennial.
______________ 5. satuals
2. ssioomutaeincstcoco ___________________ 3. nooyhpt 4. maaondn
6. neppsrhtari ____________ 7. oesdnr
8. camaeoarb ____________
MATERIALS by kyleigh jean jones
A copper sunrise awakens Most of my metallics: My bolts, screws and hinges Are now tepid, Arranged to face this day. Shake the dream of Being unmade. They say I suffer, Somewhat from corrosion Partly from reaction Mostly from depression; Due to lack of affection. I can’t be trusted with A tongue of tungsten Cesium knees Paint can hands An alkaline spine. I feel self-conscious About the aluminum coat hangers That make up my limbs; They’re not as sturdy as I’d like them to be.
The paper boy laughs at me Because my shoes aren’t Mechanically galvanized and hisJunk mail masking tape crayon wrappers. I desire clocks for eyes to save The time. Bits of vases, A scrapped mirror. Brown, blue, green, clear: Stained glass. Bifocals and A jar to house the Lightning bugs. Bottle necked, bottled up. My thoughts are steel scrap. Why wasn’t I made synthetic? Disposable camera Detergent bottle Six-pack soda ring or Even the bag they’d been Transported in. I’ve decided on plastic surgery: To conserve energy, Of course. Living like this Won’t get me collected, Processed, shredded or Sold.
ROMANTIC RECOLLECTIONS by Vladimir Andreyev
My memory of you, though distant and fleeting, looms in the cobwebby corners of my mind, like a mountain cascading over a Siberian wasteland.
It harps on the senses and dulls the wit. But when present, fills the entirety of my soul—
An ever-expanding universe to which it is actually connected— With a remarkable awe and a perennial love. ***