November 1, 2012 • 02
News Campus Beat Procrastination Opinion Features Entertainment Top Story Sports Lifestyle TLFs Students’ Union Classifieds The Meliorist: Mel-io-rism (meel’e riz’m) the doctrine that the world tends to become better or may be made better by human effort
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Letter to the editor Dear Editor, MP Jim Hillyer and the Conservative government do not respect our democracy – they do not respect the views of Canadians. They have no interest in hearing from Canadians. They have decided that they know what is best and they are going to impose their will upon Canadians. Parliament, they have decided, needs to be sidelined – ignored. It used to be a place where serious issues were debated, where the nation’s business was taken care of. No longer. Yet again, the Harper government has tabled an omnibus budget bill – this time 443 pages that amend everything from the Navigable Waters Protection Act to the Canada Labour Code. By combining completely unrelated measures in a single massive bill, the Harper government is hoping that many of the provisions will not be noticed, or that Canadians’ outrage will be buried – today’s news story, forgotten tomorrow. What is the government afraid of? What are they afraid Parliamentarians – and Canadians – will discover if the bill is given the proper scrutiny its provisions deserve?
While in opposition, Stephen Harper complained about a 21-page omnibus bill, saying “the subject matter of the bill is so diverse that a single vote on the content would put members in conflict with their own principles…it will be very difficult to give due consideration to all relevant opinion.” In opposition, a 21-page bill was offensive. Now he tells Canadians a 443-page bill is just right. Other countries limit legislation to a single topic or subject. In the United States, 42 of the 50 state constitutions have articles prohibiting excessive omnibus legislation. Recently the Liberal opposition in the House of Commons proposed a motion to place reasonable limits on omnibus bills. Mr. Hillyer refused; he stood with his Conservative colleagues and voted that motion down. Canadians expect Parliamentarians to do their job – to scrutinize legislation, to listen to Canadians, to seriously debate proposals, and to make changes where changes are necessary. That is how the best laws are made. The Harper government knows that it is very difficult for Parliamentarians to do their jobs
properly when presented with omnibus bills, and that is why it has become addicted to them.
ment: respect our democracy, and respect Canadians. No more abusive omnibus bills.
This isn’t how Canadians expect their government to work. We all deserve better.
It is time to deliver a message to the Conservative govern-
Senator James Cowan Leader of the Opposition in the Senate
November 1, 2012 • 04
“[INSERT CONTROVERSIAL STATEMENT HERE] DID I MENTION I HAVE A NEW BOOK OUT?”
Leyland Bradley News Editor
Romney cleans up after more Republican comments surrounding abortion Indiana senate candidate Richard Mourdock caused more controversy for Republicans when he stated that pregnancy by rape is “something that God intended.” Newt Gringrich supported Mourdock’s comment when he stated that Mourdock’s comment reflects the opinions of “virtually every Catholic” in the United States, referring to the belief that life begins at conception. Mourdock elaborated on his comment explaining that although he condemns rape, he only supports abortion in cases in which the mother’s life is in danger. Democrats have pointed to this comment as encompassing the Republican Party’s stance on women’s health following a number of anti-abortion comments made by Republican candidates. Todd Akin, current congressman running for U.S. senate, made the claim that a “legitimate rape” would leave the female body in a position to “shut down the whole thing” or terminate its own pregnancy. When pressed about his thoughts on abortion for 12-year-old rape victims, Iowa congressman incumbent belittled the matter, saying, “I just haven’t heard of that being a circumstance that’s been brought to me in any personal way.” House incumbent Joe Walsh from Illinois stated that “with modern technology and science, you can’t find one instance” in which a woman’s health is a necessary reason to have an abortion, concluding with, “There is no such exception as life of the mother.” Romney has had to override Paul Ryan in mid-August about his comments on abortion rights as well, leaving the question of how Republicans really feel about abortion a mystery to some.
Anonymous donors for political ads
Ann Coulterʼs weekly apology
An attack ad pointing fingers at Obama for giving way sensitive military information has been under fire for its anonymous list of donations. The ad in question portrays a navy SEAL affirming that it was not the president that killed Osama Bin Laden – it was America. The ad continues to state that the goal of killing Bin Laden was in the works for years, but politicians have only meddled in the plan. What is known about the ad is minimal, but the Republicans who are behind it paid over a million dollars to have it shown in swing states. Wealthy Democratic or Republican supporters are free to support their party of choice openly (such as the $36 million donation for Romney from billionaire Sheldon Adelson) but are also able to support their party of choice in secret through a legal loophole. Whoever is responsible for donating the money for this attack ad remains unlisted due to a law stating that any non-profit welfare organizations may keep their identity secret if they wish to do so. Individuals or groups from the Obama or Romney camp may take advantage of this, although support for Romney comes out on top for anonymous donations. Concerns have been raised at the senate level to overturn the law, stating that the American people should know where the money for such ads comes from, and therefore know what contributors receive in return. Republican senators have opted against this, stating that the issue is not Republican donor-money transparency but incumbent Democrats wanting to protect their identity when donating money to help the Republican Party.
Republican Ann Coulter refuses to apologize for describing the president as a “retard” in a tweet she posted after the last Presidential debate. The tweet, stating, “I highly approve of Romney’s decisions to be kind and gentle to the retard” sparked criticism from Democratic and Republican groups alike on the grounds that her words are highly offensive. Fellow Republican commentator Michelle Malkin tweeted in response to Coulter that her choice of words was “stupid.” Other Republican-leaning groups declared Coulter’s comment as “thoughtless” and a “barrel-scraping insult.” Coulter continued the insult streak, when she tweeted “Obama: ‘Stage 3 Romneysia’ – because cancer references are HILARIOUS. If he’s ‘the smartest guy in the room’ it must be one retarded room.” Obama coined the term Romneysia in response to Romney’s flip-flopping, implying Romney’s forgetfulness on his own political issues. Coulter confused the “stage 3” reference to mean cancer. While amnesia can occur in stages like cancer, Obama was not making similar reference to Romney and cancer. Twitter followers that condemned Coulter for her choice of words have made comments about her desire to sell more books via extreme attention. Her latest book Mugged: Racial Demagoguery from the Seventies to Obama was released in early October of this year.
November 1, 2012 • 05
FUNdrive 2012: the fun, the drive Leyland Bradley
Campus Beat Editor FUNdrive is finished. CKXU supporters made it rain with their hard-earned money last week to contribute a financial thank-you to help Lethbridge’s only alternative music station keep things running smooth and efficient. As always, CKXU pulled it off for another year. The events were pretty diverse this time around, as they partnered with a bunch of other groups to help branch out into the community. As CKXU’s music director Benjamin Maine said, “CKXU is, in a way, maturing. Our kickoff party at Essie’s was a really great way to branch out to people. It’s been a really positive effort. I think this goes to show how, when we encourage different activities and sustainable ideas, we can be successful and keep it going for years to come.” The general theme around FUNdrive is infectious. Anyone who called in, or stepped into the station to say hi and see what all the fuss was about, must know that FUNdrive is more than a week of raising money to help the station. FUNdrive goes beyond an average call-in donation set-up. Events are always highly participatory and entertaining. It’s arguable, but there’s gotta be only a few donation causes that include cupcakes, live music, the best local food around, and sweet, sweet swag. More than that, FUNdrive is really the opportunity for CKXU to show off who they are – not just within the station, but what the people of CKXU value to be important for campus and community radio listeners. In truth, CKXU has a soft side. As much as FUNdrive is a means to continue daily operations within the station, it’s always been about the listener who tunes in, and the potential listener who should. “What FUNdrive does for the community around the station is really interesting to watch. Relationships are made; just weird hippie shit happens. People get excited about life. They really connect with one another at this time,” said Aaron Trozzo, CKXU station manager. “We’re audio-based entertainment and quality is always the end goal in mind. We want to entertain when we can – it’s what we do. It wins people in the end. We have avid listeners who get bummed when programming changes. We thrive on FUNdrive to help us ensure that we maintain quality programming. There’s a lot of momentum behind us to keep going.” And they must be doing something right; CKXU has been on-air for 40 years. In 2004 they switched over to FM, which incurred adjustment to basic operations. As a result, FUNdrive was born to help ensure CKXU continued to produce audible goods. The theme this year really set the tone for the events. Homegrown Radio is a take-back to CKXU’s roots, a ground-up approach to encourage volunteer involvement and community outreach. Homegrown Food Day was an all-day event, taking place at various venues. Most notable was the Community Kitchen:
d of sa
I eat b
Burgers and Jams night at the Lethbridge Fish and Game Association Clubhouse, cohosted with the Lethbridge Public Interest Research Group in an effort to teach 10 lucky ducks how to use local beef and veggies to make a delicious meal. The night ended with an acoustic jam set to serenade those with bellies full of local goodness. When asked what sets CKXU apart from the other radio stations in the city, Trozzo maintained that
although CKXU is the little guy among the radio bunch, it’s not a typical David & Goliath story. “CKXU is not-for-profit. The majority of Lethbridge radio is commercial based. What sets us apart is the end product; it’s the product of contribution rather than the product one feels entitled to. Everyone can help create something that in the end is unique, rather than something that mimics the status quo.”
FUNdrive made more than $9,500 this year. For those who gave, the CKXU staff thanks you!
November 1, 2012 â€˘ 06
ACROSS 1. _____ and Gomorrah 6. Actor ____ Pitt 10. Exceeded the speed limit 14. Vibrant 15. Long garment 16. Strike a stance 17. Fabric 18. Actor ____ Alda 19. "Geographically misplaced" 20. Way in 22. Type of rhododendron 24. A native of the northern part of Great Britain 25. Most hackneyed 26. Machine to clean laundry 29. Front of the lower leg 30. Margarine 31. Genus of chamomile
37. Engine 39. Status ___ 40. The Final Frontier 41. Blessings 44. Wharf 45. Oceans 46. Fashionable 48. Rubs gently 52. A bowed stringed instrument 53. French novelist Marcel ______ (18711922) 54. Group of western Pacific islands 58. Debts 59. Dutch cheese 61. Female horses 62. Price paid 63. Frolic 64. French for "States" 65. Gorillas or chimpanzees 66. Perceives visually 67. Compressed
DOWN 1. Discounted price 2. Actor Ken ____ 3. Force 4. Pass swiftly beyond 5. Threat 6. A modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk 7. Part portrayed 8. American Bar Association 9. Small silver Roman coins 10. Plop 11. _____ Bay = an inlet of the English Channel 12. S S S 13. "Coup _____" = overthrow of government 21. Standard 23. Galvanizes 25. Pang or spasm 26. Uterus 27. Found in skin lotion 28. Stiff hair or bristle 29. Wall supports
32. Light greenish blues 33. Having power to review the decisions of lower courts 34. Precipitation 35. Frozen 36. Ethereal 38. Dangers 42. Wobbles 43. Mix 47. Lodged 48. Brightest star in the constellation Virgo 49. Soldier 50. Enliven 51. Overthrows or expels 52. Seductive women 54. Arrived 55. Modern-day Persia 56. Meshes 57. Nature of being 60. Female deer
November 1, 2012 • 07
Our truth and effort
Taking an interest in your city council Kelti Boissonneault Editor-in-Chief Many students at the University of Lethbridge attend this school from other parts of the province, the country, or even the world. They live, work, learn, and play in a community called Lethbridge, and it’s fairly safe to say most of them know how to get to the local attractions, but don't know much about the local government. This is understandable, as the majority of students who graduate from this school will leave this city once they have completed their programs to look for work in larger city centres. Lethbridge simply doesn't offer the professional careers most graduates are looking for; therefore, there is no reason for these people to stay. I understand. I also had once thought that upon the completion of my schooling I would move to some bustling metropolis, land a high-paying career, live in a one-bedroom loft apartment with my fiancé and my dogs, drink lattes every morning and live the life advertised to me by my high school teachers as a successful career woman. Alas, I came to Lethbridge, and by the end of my four-year degree (which in reality took five), I was hooked. I love this city. I come from the somewhat bustling metropolis of Kelowna, B.C., and I won't return to it. I have come to love the history here (see undergraduate program), the people, the diversity, and the big-town convenience with small-town atmosphere. There are some students, as well, who might find this town to their liking. So I'd like to introduce the student population to our local government and explain a goal that I think could make this little city so much better. Our city council is made up of a mayor, currently Rajko Dodic, and eight councillors (used to be termed aldermen, but that was sexist – sorry, antiquated – so they changed it). Our councillors include Liz Iwaskiw, Joe Mauro, Ryan Parker, Bridget Mearns, Faron Ellis, Jeff Coffman, Tom Wickersham, and Jeff Carlson. You can find bios of all of these individuals online at the city's website. According also to this website, “The Council of the City of Lethbridge has a broad mandate to provide good government, develop and maintain a safe and viable community, and to supply
is an applied study somewhere). Take a good desirable and/or necessary services to the hard look at the things that need improvement in community.” As students are residents of the city, your temporary (or even permanent, if you're like the council is there to serve the students of the me) community and seize the opportunity to get University of Lethbridge as much as it is there to involved and make a difference! serve the rest of the city. Intimidated and don't know where to start? Do Why get involved with your local government? some research! The city's budget is posted online, Why bother taking an interest in a city you only so you can see their priorities, where our hardhave a four-year stake in? Well, it's a way to get paid tax dollars are going (think you don't pay pro-active in the community, and it's a great way property tax? It's included in to round out your education your rent/utility bills) and start by being engaged in local evaluating what services you'd issues concerning local like the city to look into while government. It can also come ...it’s up to citizens you're living here. Involvement is with nifty perks like reduced to re-apply the consistently the best policy: so transit fare, curb-side get involved. I'm not saying you recycling, better road maintepressure and have to go and sit in on council nance, new public and make sure our meetings every couple of community programs to take governors are weeks, but definitely get in advantage of, and basically communication with your counwhatever else you want as a following through. cil and promote things you want citizen. You can vote in municito see happen around your pal elections so long as you've town. lived in Lethbridge for six An easy example of this is the Lethbridge Skatemonths prior to election date, and have a board Association (LSA) which has been trying for residence in the city limits on voting day. years to get a dedicated skate-park built in the So you have this opportunity to get involved, community. They have jumped through the hoops but why should you? Why not just breeze through city council set up, fundraised, got a property your university career and leave like much of the picked out, and have done neighbourhood student population? Because getting involved surveys to ensure their goals are in line with the means you have a voice. It's a pain in the ass to perceived wanted development of the commudrag your recycling to the recycling depots every nity… only to finally be back-benched by city couple of weeks, sort it, and deposit it into the council when it really mattered. Commitment appropriate bins. It gets even worse when the from council to pursue a project this well weather is -30 degrees not including wind chill, prepared is essential, but it's up to the citizens to and really, it's easier just to toss the recycling in the re-apply the pressure and make sure our govertrash and pretend it didn't happen. What about nors are following through. curb-side recycling? You want it? Ask council for So once again I encourage you: get active in it. your community, in any community, no matter the The purpose of electors electing these people to length of time you are spending there. Who office is for them to serve our wants and maintain knows? Life may bring you back to Lethbridge in fiscal leadership and viability within the city. It is the future, and this may become your permanent therefore our task as thinking citizens to provide home (it can happen, trust me!). It sure would be the council with feedback on their performance, nice if people took an interest in making this town and our priorities. Want to reduce transit rates and the best it can be. increase ridership? Tell council and put together a proposal to do it (management students, I bet this
November 1, 2012 • 08
“We’re more similar and more connected than you might think”
Features Editor The Genographic Project has just released the Geno 2.0 participation kit, which is the newest version of the do-it-yourself DNA test, which entails a simple cheek swab. National Geographic, with the help of IBM, launched a massive research initiative that traces the historical patterns in human DNA. It was named The Genographic Project and has had over 500,000 participants since 2005. In addition to contributing to the research database, the participants are also given information about their lineage specific to their own DNA. The participants are given a map of the migration patterns of their ancestors, which may show a trek across the Bering Strait, settlement of Europe, travels through southern Asia’s archipelagos, or other routes — all beginning in Africa, of course. A new feature of the Geno 2.0 is that it will tell the participant whether they have Neanderthal or Denisovan DNA in their genome. The price of Geno 2.0 is about $200. National Geographic says most of the money goes to research costs and the Genographic Legacy Fund (GLF). The GLF works to preserve and protect indigenous and traditional people, such as the Hadzabe hunters in Tanzania, the Koasek Abenaki people in North America, the Tsaatan in Mongolia, and more. On its didactic side, the Genographic Project emphasizes that we are all related and connected, regardless of different languages and appearances; and, with most of our major migrations happening within about 60,000 years, they are certainly correct. Homo sapiens spent over 100,000 years in east Africa together before we parted to the corners of the globe, and now, 60,000 years later, we are rediscovering each other.
November 1, 2012 • 09
Coming out, be it to your friends, family, or coworkers, is never an easy task. It takes months or even years of mental preparation to muster up the courage and find the right time and place to reveal the big secret. But despite its challenge, it can be a rewarding, life-changing experience. With this guide, you will be more prepared to make that change, or help with someone else facing such a change.
Preparing to come out
Dealing with rejection
Coming out is usually not a one-step task, but a long process that requires preparation. In order to feel ready to come out, you need to find a means of communicating the message, find a comfortable setting where you have control of the situation, become well educated about LGBTQ issues, and have a plan for the worst case scenario. The first person you want to tell is someone who you are absolutely certain will accept you, and give a positive response. They may be friends who you know are LGBTQ or allies; they may be one of the on-campus counselors, or one of the friendly folks down at the PRIDE centre! By eliminating the feeling of loneliness, you increase your self-confidence and esteem. Coming out to those who have a chance of rejecting you, however, requires the most preparation. Fearing the negative consequences of opening yourself up to others can be paralyzing. Though it is perfectly alright to feel scared of rejection, living in fear and letting it take over your life, preventing you from being yourself, is not healthy and not worth it. Educate yourself. When you come out, you might be overwhelmed with questions. Be prepared to teach others about LGBTQ subjects and issues. But also remember that you are not obligated to answer all these inquiries, and neither do you have to validate yourself to anyone. Instead of trying to explain yourself, provide the person you are coming out to with a book, pamphlet, article, or website to help them understand and receive a second opinion.
When you decide to come out, consider the different options you have to communicate the message. You can come out in person, over the phone, or in writing or text message. Pick the option that makes you the most comfortable and in control of the situation. Whichever way you choose, appear confident and well informed, but not pushy. You’ve had a lot of time to come to terms with yourself, but the person you are coming out to has had none. Expecting them to be immediately accepting is unrealistic, so don’t try to argue or force your identity on them. Never come out when you or the other person is in a bad mood. Negative attitudes lead to closed minds and ears on both sides and miscommunication can easily occur. Be direct and clear with your message. Remind them you still want them as part of your life and want their help in coming to terms with your new identity. You may lose control of the conversation, but do not lose control of your emotions. Let them vent to you but try to wrap up the conversation as soon as possible (without interrupting them) and don’t try to get the last word in. Give them some time and space to accept this information; and once it has settled in, try picking up the topic again — when both of you are ready.
Rejection is something everyone fears and faces in life. It is always difficult to cope with, especially from someone you care about. Whoever you just came out to is experiencing a torrent of emotions just as you are, but they have yet to have any premeditated thought on the matter. In this state of irrationality, the best course is to quietly listen and be understanding, even if they are not. Give them some time and space to come to terms with this new information. It may take days, weeks, months, or even years. Parents especially may have a hard time and even go through a grieving process: mourning the loss of how they expected you to be, rather than how you are. Be sympathetic of this but remember: their emotions regarding this issue are their problem, not yours. If they continue to be a source of negativity, you may want to seek family counseling. Surround yourself with positive, supportive people. Join OUTYouth, Lethbridge PRIDE, or another LGBTQ friendly organization. In your time of need, these places and people will be your family, friends, peer counselors, and supporters. The best first step from eliminating negative thoughts from yourself is to be in a positive and open environment.
When and if you decide to come out as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, or anything else potentially taboo in modern society, prepare for it and do it when you're ready. Know the resources available on and off campus that can help you with any needs you have regarding these sorts of issues, and use them!
November 1, 2012 • 10
Greg Patenaude Features Writer Master mixologist Dale DeGroff once said that a cocktail is only as good as its worst ingredient. This might seem obvious, but many of us rarely pay attention to this idea. Case in point: you might use a super premium tequila for your margarita, but if you are using some cheap commercial sour mix it will still taste like crap. We always seem to feel good about using premium spirits but never really consider the juices or mixers that we put in our cocktails. Considering that juices/mixers usually make up half or more of your cocktail, they should be considered to be, at the very least, just as important an ingredient as your spirits. This is why you never want to use anything pre-mixed. Why use a “kit” when you can use fresh ingredients? Aside from maybe cranberry juice, all other juices should be squeezed fresh. It takes no time at all and will taste much better. The same thing goes for sweeteners; simple syrup is easy enough to make (1:1 ratio of sugar to water), and good organic agave nectars are readily available. When I covered the gin & tonic, I talked about the importance of using good tonic water. The same applies for any pops you might want to use. Find a brand that uses cane sugar, has no preservatives,
and is naturally flavoured. I recommend Boylans or Q-tonic. Using a higher end pop will even make a simple drink like rum & coke that much better. Some cocktails use more exotic syrups like orgeat, falernum, or grenadine. There are some good commercial brands for these, but again, why buy when you can easily make your own? Pomegranates are in season right now, so let’s talk about making homemade grenadine and using it in a cocktail. In case you didn’t know, grenadine is a syrup made from pomegranate juice. Of course, you wouldn’t know this if you read the label from a bottle of Rose’s Grenadine: glucose and/or fructose, preservatives, and food colouring. No pomegranates in sight! Making grenadine is dead simple. Juice two pomegranates and add equal volume of sugar. That’s it! I usually cold press my pomegranates but you can juice them any way you want. Also, you might want to slightly heat up the juice in the microwave (30-40 seconds) to help the sugar dissolve faster. Remember, grenadine should be tart, not overly sweet, so don’t overdo it with the sugar. Homemade grenadine isn’t just for cocktails either. It can be used in non-alcoholic drinks (a Shirley Temple comes to mind), in desserts (fantastic on vanilla ice cream), and it makes a great gift when presented in a nice bottle. The cocktail for this article is the El Floridita. This drink is named after the famous Floridita bar in
Havana, Cuba. Part of the fame was because Earnest Hemmingway was known to frequent the bar. The El Floridita cocktail is a more complex cocktail than others featured in this column; but if made properly, it is sure to delight.
1½ oz white rum ½ oz freshly squeezed lime juice ½ oz sweet vermouth ⅛ oz (~1 barspoon) grenadine ⅛ oz (~1 barspoon) white crème de cacao Shake with ice and strain into a chilled cocktail glass. Garnish with a lime wheel. A note on the ingredients: Any standard white rum will do, but since we’re making a Cuban cocktail why not use Havana Club Añejo 3 year old? For the crème de cacao, I recommend the Bols brand and only use the white, not the brown, for this cocktail. Also, you want to be very careful with the amount used. In the recipe you’ll notice that we are only using ⅛ oz for both the grenadine and the white crème de cacao. This is not a very large amount, but it is necessary that you don’t exceed this amount. Crème de cacao is literally the secret ingredient for this cocktail. Properly made, the El Floridita cocktail should finish with just the slightest hint of chocolate.
November 1, 2012 • 11
Early brain development in rats and what it means for humans An interview with Dr. Robbin Gibb Billy Davey
Can you give a brief summary of your academic history? I graduated from the University of Lethbridge 1977 with a degree in chemistry… After, I went to the University of Alberta, and I did a year and a half towards a PhD in pharmacology. Then I quit that program, got married, and had kids, and when my children were starting kindergarten, I came back to the university and inquired about a research job… When I heard that the university was going to get a PhD program here, I decided that it would be a good idea to go back and get my master’s degree then try to work into a PhD program. So, in 1999 I did my master’s degree here in neuroscience, and then in 2001 I started the PhD program, and graduated in 2004.
What do you teach at the U? I teach introduction to brain and behaviour – that’s neuroscience 2600, and I teach research methods in neuroscience, which is neuroscience 3605.
What are you currently researching? Currently I have a grant from NSERC to study parental influences on brain development and recovery from early brain injuries. We know that moms and dads experiences have a profound effect on the baby’s brain and the way it’s developing... We’ve done a couple of things which are extremely different than what the regular literature looks at, and that is using enrichment in the prenatal and preconception period to see how it influences the brain. And in another case we are using a stress paradigm, looking at the parental stress and how it influences brain development in the kids. So we’ve looked at prenatal stress in mothers and how it influences the way their babies turn out and also how the DNA is being expressed… we all are born with a genetic message, we get information from our mom and our dad, and all of the genetic message is present in every cell in our body. But our experiences actually regulate how the DNA is read, so this whole notion that experience doesn’t have much to do with how you develop, lately, has been proven wrong. Clearly, it interacts with our DNA; for instance, on our DNA we have genes and the genes are the little messages that make our proteins that make us who we become and determine how our body functions. And, in some cases, experiences can turn a gene off, or it can turn it on. So, in a case where a mother may have been stressed, it may turn more genes off that are important, and then both
proteins aren’t available for developing the brain. In other cases, you may have a positive experience that could turn some genes on that are very positive for how the brain develops.
How do you gather information for this? We use a rat model, so we have rats in our rat colonies. The ideal thing about rats is that our genome is very similar to the rat genome, so now we know that when we’re studying things that affect experiences that affect rat brain development, it is very likely that the same thing will affect human brain development as well. We’ve moved into looking at mothers’ experiences while they’re pregnant, and we’ve recently started looking at father experiences, preconception, to try to understand how those experiences can influence how their baby’s brain develops.
What would be some of the applications of the research? One of the things, as I mentioned, I like to focus on is early brain injury, and we now know, from our animal work, if a mother has been in an enriched environment — we have two kinds environments for rats: we have a little plastic cage that looks like a shoebox, or we have another environment called our enriched environment, a pen about six feet tall
and three feet wide and there’s all kind of toys, bridges, swings, and other animals — and if we put a mother in that enriched environment and her baby has a brain injury later, at birth or shortly after birth, they recover very well, compared to an animal that gives birth in the shoebox environment. So, there’s something about the mother interacting with this complex environment that is protective for their baby’s brain, and I think that’s kind of astounding really — when you think about it. As humans we can imagine ourselves in situations where we have limited social contact, don’t get outside a great deal, don’t exercise as much, more or less isolated from others; and that seems to not optimize a baby’s outcome if there’s some complications at birth.
Any other research going on? I’m a part of the interdisciplinary research team that just got funding here at the university and that is work with modern languages, kinesiology, education, neuroscience, and psychology. So there’s researchers from all these domains, and we’ve come together to try to do a comprehensive study of language. My piece is bringing the brain into the picture of modern languages, studying the actual production of the language because they haven’t really approached it from perspective of other experiences that could be influencing the brain and its production of language.
November 1, 2012 • 12
Entertainment Editor During last week’s Monday night snowfall, those who left the shelter of their warm cozy houses left for one sole reason – to enjoy an evening of great music at The Owl Acoustic Lounge. Oct. 22 at The Owl featured Ontario artist Matthew de Zoete (pronounced duh-ZOO-tuh). Tossing aside the fact that he drove from Saskatchewan to get to Lethbridge that day and was going to drive to Penticton the next day, with a good natured joke about the snow, de Zoete delivered a great honest performance. de Zoete performed six songs from his new album Colour Film. This album is de Zoete’s third album, the first being Across the Sea from 2006 and the second being Bottom of the World from 2008. To introduce his performance of the album title track, de Zoete talked about how the song is about his grandparents and that he was inspired to write this song after seeing videos of his grandparents when they were young and more like de Zoete than he had noticed before. I think the music video for “Colour Film” really evokes the personal connection between de Zoete and his work; yet, even though de Zoete wrote about his grandparents, the song was very easy to relate to myself, and that’s where I think the beauty of Colour Film lies. The songs that de Zoete writes are personal, heartfelt, and full of emotion, but despite their vivid personal connection to de Zoete’s life, his lyrics offer an accessibility that allows the listener to easily relate to the lyrics and be carried away by the song. As the album’s title indicates, this album really sets me in a nostalgic home video viewing mood where I dwindle on the edge of happiness mixed with a twinge of sadness at times. Colour Film also includes a huge variety of emotions in the tracks. Toward the end of his show, de Zoete played a sad song called “We’re Dying” followed by a cheerful song that completely turned the mood around and revealed the emotional and musical range to be found in Colour Film. He played “The Good Life,” a song about the little things that count and create happiness, which was eons away from the hypothetical divorce song that is “We’re Dying.” With heartfelt and amusing introductions to each song, and a performance brimming with emotions, de Zoete gave a wonderful performance that made me glad that I faced the tumultuous snow outside to see his show. And as someone who usually goes into hermit mode at the first sign of colder weather, that’s saying something. de Zoete’s performance at The Owl is part of his 25-show Western Canadian tour. What with self-booked tours, and driving for hours per day to visit tiny cities like Lethbridge, de Zoete is clearly an artist who is passionate about his work and willing to work hard to share his talent with others. To find out more about Matthew de Zoete and Colour Film, visit www.matthewdezoete.com; you won’t regret it. de Zoete used the Canadian spelling of “colour” in his album title – that’s already one good reason out of many to check him out.
November 1, 2012 • 13
Entertainment Editor Saturday Oct. 27 at The Slice featured three bands whose performances accumulated into an unforgettable night. July Talk, an indie rock and pop band from Toronto, opened the show with a bang. With the recent release of their self-titled album, the band is in the middle of their Canadian tour. Displaying unbelievable and dynamic energy on stage, July Talk rocked their performance. In the true spirit of Halloween, the four guy and one girl band mounted the stage decked out as the opposite gender. However, as soon as July Talk started playing, the costumes didn’t last in their pristine condition, wigs were flying, shoes were coming off, a shirt went missing; the costumes couldn’t handle the energy that was exploding from the band. It was hard to tell what front liners Peter Dreimanis and Leah Fay would do next during their set. Along with the juxtaposition of his deep gravelly voice and her high and clear voice, they constantly pulled and pushed at each other on stage. Their interaction, along with that of the bassist, guitarist, and drummer, escalated into a state so fraught with energy that the possibility of sparks exploding from their instruments seemed rather plausible. Next to take the stage, Edmonton’s Renny Wilson soon had an entire crowd on their feet and dancing to his psychedelic and groovy sounds. Clad in denim, the band reminisced of a retro disco style with modern twists. Wilson’s performance seemed like something not of this world. The word nirvana comes to mind. His own jean jacket, decorated with the “super S” – you know the one, the thing that you used to doodle on all of your homework in middle school – came off at one point as Wilson covered his head with it and sang through the jacket. He was so into his music that it would take a significant effort not to be carried away with him into a world of smooth synthesizers and a transcendent flow of music. Last to take the stage was Lethbridge’s own Jesse and the Dandelions. Playing covers of songs like “Race for the Prize” and “Waitin’ for a Superman,” Jesse and the Dandelions performed a stellar tribute show to The Flaming Lips. The band also jammed out and played some intriguing instrumental pieces, prompting one guy to come up to me and say, “Wow, they have a great sound.” And they do have a great sound – one filled with an eclectic mix of melodies delivered from keyboards, guitar, bass, and drums. Overall, a great closing performance to a great night.
November 1, 2012 • 14
1000 Names to debut tonight
Chelsea Woolley, a fourth year history education major, spent two and a half years writing 1000 Names and is about to see her play come alive on stage. A time parallel play, 1000 Names is set in the 1940s in Poland and focuses on two families who live in the same house, but at different times. The families’ lives are on different tracks, but as their lives start to de-rail through secrets and conflicts, their separate lives begin to coincide. Eventually, neither family is able to continue on without the other. The two families interestingly form a link without ever actually meeting. The unique idea for 1000 Names grew from the time that Woolley spent in France when she was 17. Being a history major and a fan of all things historical, Woolley paid a visit to the Vimy Ridge graveyard. After passing gravestone after gravestone of unknown soldiers, she finally came across a named soldier. Even though it is a conscious fact that wars involve people, at that point it hit Woolley that war wasn’t about this group versus that group, but rather about this one man. She wanted to know who he was. Was he scared? Was he excited? What did he leave behind, and why was he in the war? Even though Woolley’s inspiration for 1000 Names stems from a historical monument from the First World War and her play is set in the Second World War,
the importance is not which war the play discusses, but rather the people involved in the war. A big theme of the play is the individuality of the people who lived through war. Woolley says it’s “not so much what happened, but who it happened to.” The name of Woolley’s play, 1000 Names, stems from the play’s prominent theme of individuality of people in war. It goes back to the soldier’s gravestone at Vimy Ridge: “he had one name and one story times 60,000 men who were killed in the First World War,” but instead of accounting for a nameless mass of 60,000 men, the play focuses on one man plus one man plus one man. “There are 1,000 people who all have names and all have stories.” To emphasize this point, Woolley originally had four different characters that were based off of real people found in the Holocaust database. However, as the play expanded from a 20 minute show to a 70 minute show and finally a 90 minute show, Woolley altered some of the characters’ names and their stories. “I don’t know all of these people’s stories. There’s not enough information on [them] so I didn’t want to do them injustice by portraying them as something they weren’t.” In light of the expansion of her storyline, and the wish to remain true to those individuals, Woolley ended up creating her own characters.
Sure to be a thought-provoking play, 1000 Names is also an accurate one. Woolley did her homework in researching for this play. She did research on Poland and on the Second World War in order to make sure the timeline of her play is correct. She also did research on the entomology of words from the 1940s to ensure that the phrases and speech used in her play are accurate with the play’s time period. The amount of detail and effort that Woolley put into her work is emblematic of not only the quality of the story, but of the care put into 1000 Names. 1000 Names will debut tonight, Nov.1, at 8 p.m. at the David Spinks theatre. Nov. 2 and 3 will have evening performances along with a 2 p.m. matinee on the third. Tickets, available at the U of L box office, are $11 regular and $7 for seniors and students. “I’m very nervous,” Woolley admits. She has full confidence in the director and the cast, “but it’s just nerve wracking because it’s something that I’m backing and I’m saying this is what I feel strongly about.” However, already an acclaimed play before its debut (1000 Names won second place in the university’s Play Right Prize competition, and an honourable mention in the Alberta Playwriting Competition) the play is sure to be just as remarkable on stage as it is in script.
November 1, 2012 • 15
Ben Affleck is a great director. He’s a very good actor… but he is a great director. Watching his films Gone Baby Gone and The Town show you just how much he’s learned from being in movies for such a long time. His new film Argo proves that it wasn’t just luck the first few times; Ben Affleck knows what he’s doing. Argo is a time piece. It takes place in 1970s Iran, and it’s loosely based on a true story. Tired of being governed by an eccentric American-appointed dictator, the Iranians took to the streets to take back their country. During the height of the Iranian revolution, militants seized the U.S. embassy in Tehran, taking 52 people hostage. Just before its capture, six Americans were able to flee the embassy and took shelter in the Canadian ambassador’s private residence. The American CIA needed a quick solution to get the six Americans out before they were inevitably captured and killed. At the time, the CIA had no good ideas to get them out, but CIA agent Tony Mendez (played by Affleck) had a bad one. He proposed that he pose as a Canadian filmmaker, fly into Tehran, and bring all six
back as his film crew sent to Iran to scout locations. The film Argo tells the thrilling tale of how the CIA went for one of the most daring rescue missions in recent history. Affleck’s direction is impeccable. The film has terrific pacing, going from elements of natural humour to lip-biting tension. One of the best features of the film is the sympathetic way that Affleck contrasts what this means to both the Iranian and American peoples. There are times when you don’t know who to root for. The actions of one don’t condone the actions of another. Prejudice and discrimination flow both ways in an endless cycle. Argo portrays this perfectly, showing how neither side is innocent in their actions. The tone of the film is set in the opening credits. The Warner Brothers’ logo of the ‘70s welcomes the audience, showing right from the start that this film is a time piece. Affleck has gone out of his way to make the film representative of the time. Certain scenes have a graininess to them that brings back the nostalgic crackle of home videos. On top of that, Affleck uses actual news footage in the film.
This incorporates that element of realism – underlining the notion that this did happen. Using actual footage brings in a realistic horror element of what we as people often have to deal with. Yet for the same reasons, it excels the heroes of this film as people we can be proud of for their contributions to humanity: people like Tony Mendez who went into a chaotic environment purely in the attempt to help others, or the Canadian ambassador Ken Taylor (played by Canadian actor Victor Garber) who took in the six Americans. That’s what Argo is about – how us humans can strive to help each other even when it goes against our own safety. If you’re not sold on the strength of human integrity, then just listen to a few of the amazing actors rounding out an unbelievably all-star supporting cast: Bryan Cranston, Alan Arkin, Kyle Chandler, Titus Welliver, Richard Kind, and one of my most heartfelt personal heroes… John Goodman. There is really incredible acting by all. Mix that with the increasingly good directing from Ben Affleck, and you have a great film. 8.5/10
Issues That Matter by Keith McLaughlin Top Story Writer
Obama grapples with the tepid pace of change, faded hope, and a rabid opposition Barack Obama took the oath of office on Jan. 20, 2009 as the United States was in the midst of the worst financial crisis in 80 years and the nation was weary from seven years of fighting two wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Despite the severe challenges facing the nation, millions of Americans were optimistic; President Obama represented hope that change was on its way in America. Obama promised to change the way the U.S. political system operated. Above health care, immigration, and climate change legislation, he promised to bring together and heal a deeply divided nation and build a new post-partisan political consensus. That, in essence, is the change he promised… and the change he failed to achieve. Obama has never been the progressive beacon of the American left, no matter how much his supporters may want him to be. He always aspired to be a transformative, post-partisan president – a goal he wished to accomplish by reaching out to his political opposition. Obama’s boosters point out that he tried. His greatest legislative achievement, popularly referred to as Obamacare, was a watered-down law that preserved the monopoly of the private insurance industry in American medicine, and is an exact replica of the plan introduced by Republican Mitt Romney when he was governor of Massachusetts. The president’s cap and trade bill to combat climate change, and his immigration reform bill designed to give a path to citizenship for the 10 million people living in the U.S. illegally, both failed to pass despite incorporating a number of
provisions previously favoured by Republicans. Nearly four years since his inauguration, the hope for the change that Barack Obama promised has faded beneath a rabid political opposition that has polarized America even further. A notable chunk of Obama’s most vocal opposition, represented by a segment of the well-funded right-wing Tea Party movement, believes the president is a Muslim, and is informed by some combination of socialist, communist, and fascist ideology. Obama’s re-election campaign is thus less enthusiastic than his first campaign in 2008. Gone are the calls to believe in hope and change. In 2012, the Democrat counts on winning primarily by catching the votes of people who have been alienated by the Republican Party and its policies. The president will count on votes from the poor, minorities, women, the LGBT community, and the college educated. Republican attacks against programs for the poor, immigration reform, reproductive rights, marriage equality, and empirical science have resulted in these demographics favouring Obama. Obama will likely win and receive some form of vindication from re-election that will keep his dream of being remembered as a transformative political figure alive for another four years. It’s become clear, however, that Obama will not transform the way America’s political system operates on the basis of his reasonableness and charm. With hope faded, Obama may have to fight for change in his second term in order to save his legacy.
his chances of winning? Who is Mitt Romney, really? And what are Willard (Mitt) Romney is the son of George Romney, a former governor of Michigan and executive of a Detroit automaker who ran for president in 1968. Mitt himself is a former governor (of Massachusetts), a former bishop in the Mormon Church, a wildly successful businessman, and a puzzling politician. What Mitt Romney the politician really believes remains a mystery as he often shifts and obfuscates his positions. Mitt Romney first joined the Republican Party at age 46 in 1993 and a year later challenged Democratic senator Ted Kennedy for his Massachusetts seat. In this losing bid, he said he supported gay rights and a woman’s right to choose an abortion. By the mid-2000s, Romney, then governor of Massachusetts, changed these positions opposing both gay rights and abortion. Romney has also distanced himself from his greatest political achievement – the passing of healthcare reform in Massachusetts. This Romney law served as the blueprint for President Obama’s healthcare law, which Romney now opposes. In this election campaign Romney has also made contradictory statements regarding his policies on tax cuts, cuts to social programs, and on contraception. The real Mitt Romney is probably a centrist (as ideologues are rarely formed in middle age) who has shifted his positions out of political expedience. When campaigning for state office in Massachusetts, a liberal state, Romney took moderate positions. When vying for the Republican nomination for president, Romney
took starkly more right-wing positions. And when trying to win a national election, Romney has again tried to sound more moderate in an effort to obfuscate some of the Republican Party’s unpopular policies. It is unclear whether Romney would govern as a moderate or embrace fully the Republican platform that calls for tax cuts predominately for the wealthy, cutbacks to social programs used by the poor, a repeal of universal health insurance, rejection of climate change and environmental regulations, and renewed restrictions on reproductive rights. Romney’s odds of defeating President Obama on Nov. 6 are long but not impossible. A week before the election, forecast models created by statisticians and academics give Romney an 8 – 25 per cent chance of winning the electoral college and becoming the next U.S. president. Despite those long odds, conservatives in the United States are hopeful Romney can pull off an upset. And there is reason for optimism as the Romney campaign has found some life and gained ground in October after Romney thoroughly bested a complacent Obama in the first presidential debate. Romney’s momentum has slowed, however, and with only days left before election day, the winner will likely be decided by which campaign organization gets more of its voters to the polls. Here the Obama campaign has a huge advantage in terms of volunteers and field offices. It remains likely we’ll never really get to know Mitt Romney as president.
American election Issues ignored in the America’s $16 trillion debt
Neither of the two major party candidates in the U.S. election has offered a credible plan to erase the federal government’s budget deficit and deal with the mounting debt. The U.S. had a surplus when President George W. Bush took office. Debt began to grow under Bush because he instituted tax cuts (without corresponding cutbacks in spending), fought two wars, and expanded a prescription drug program (all funded with deficit spending). The debt has further grown under Obama as a result of stimulus and bailout spending related to the economic crisis. Obama has no detailed plan for debt reduction but says he wants a mix of tax hikes on the wealthy and spending cuts to close the gap. Romney’s plan, by any objective measure, is not credible. It includes $4.8 trillion in new tax cuts and $2 trillion in new defense spending which would enlarge the deficit. Romney says his tax cuts would be revenue neutral and that his plan can work, however he has refused to release details.
Throughout this U.S. election cycle the issue of climate change has been ignored. Neither Obama nor Romney’s website mentions climate change and it has not often been raised in media coverage as an issue of discussion. Obama, who believes in anthropogenic climate change, previously supported a cap and trade system to deal with carbon emissions in his first term. He has seemingly abandoned that position but does favour policies to lessen America’s reliance on carbon such as investments in solar, wind, and other forms of green energy. Romney believes the science is not settled on climate change and has not acknowledged the issue further. He supports more domestic energy production in coal, oil, and natural gas. The energy industry in the U.S. has funded a massive public relations campaign and set up umbrella groups designed to appear like grassroots organizations in an effort to cast doubt on climate science. A recent poll suggested 47 per cent of Republicans and 78 per cent of Democrats believe in climate change.
It took the Occupy Wall Street protests last year to move the discussion about economic inequality in the U.S. into the mainstream. There has been no real discussion or policies presented by either candidate designed specifically to address income inequality. The Romney campaign has challenged the proposition that inequality is an issue. Last week, a Romney adviser wrote an editorial contending that inequality was not a problem because poor people have better access to cheap consumer goods like cell phones, computers, and microwaves than they did in decades past. Obama has spoken about the need to extract more tax from wealthy earners paying historic lows, and invest in education and social programs, but has not tied these initiatives together in any comprehensive way to warrant being called a strategy to decrease income inequality. The U.S.’s rate of social mobility ranks low compared with other advanced western nations. Inequality can lead to social unrest and to higher rates of violence, crime, disease, and addiction.
November 1, 2012 • 20
Travis Robinson Sports Editor
Height is not everything in sports; it’s the only thing. To illustrate this rule, one can examine the heights of the past 10 Olympic decathlete champions. Many consider the champion decathlete to be the world’s finest athlete. He must be proficient at 10 track and field events, and compete in these events in a gruelling two-day competition. He can sprint, throw, and leap within a reasonable standard deviation from the Olympic specialists, and must do so within the compressed time constraints of an Olympic schedule. To be world class in these events takes an exceptional athlete, one who is blessed with both genetics and a broad skillset. Genetically, these Olympic champion decathletes share one thing: height. Of the past 10 Olympic champion decathletes, all stand at least 5’11” tall. Dan O’Brien, the tallest of the bunch, stands a long 6’2”. Bryan Clay is the stockiest of the bunch, standing a bit under 6’0”. Ashton Eaton, the reigning Olympic champion and world record holder, meets the middle at 6’1”. This remarkable consistency in the athlete’s heights is mostly due to the nature of the sport. They must have the leverage of a thrower, the stride of a sprinter, and the length of a jumps specialist. Thus, having a consistent height (not too tall, but not short) means that the decathlete will be able to replicate the forms of the specialists at a high level. A shorter athlete would never be able to compete in
the decathlon, as their compensation for one event would lead to inferior results in other events. The decathlete must be consistent in all 10 events, and if they can stand at a height that falls between a javelin thrower and a middle distance runner, then this athlete will have the necessary physicality to compete on a consistently world class basis. 6’0”, which is about 3” greater than the average North American male, seems to be this mandatory number. Height is not confined just to a decathlete. Within the ecosystem of sports, height is advantageous, and nearly necessary, to a growing number of athletic disciplines. The obvious examples lie in the vertical games, where a higher reach means a higher score. Basketball and volleyball players have always been extremely tall, and will continue to be. The average NBA player has been 6’7” tall since Michael Jordan entered the league some 30 years ago. What is more surprising is the growing importance of height in sports not necessarily dependent on a vertical advantage. Take, for example, the NHL. 40 years ago, the average NHL player stood 5’11” tall. Today, the average player is 6’1” tall, and has the muscle mass to match. The average NHL player in the ‘70s would have been regarded as tall, especially considering that the average male has grown since 1970. What is non-existent today, however, is the compromise between height and skill level. In professional hockey today, a shorter player with a
great skillset would simply be ignored by scouts. A Theoren Fleury-sized man would not be able to rise through the ranks as he did 25 years ago. Today, the NHL player must be at least 6’0” tall, and being taller is a major advantage. There are exceptions to this rule of course, as some smaller players have found success in the big league. Generally, however, the NHL player of today is tall, and if he does not meet the height expectations, he will be ignored by most NHL general managers. The obvious questions remain: why is height so crucial to athletic prowess? Is it a reflection of the importance of height in life? While the latter may be true, with even Fortune 500 CEOs now standing a statuesque average of 6’2”, the former is answered with one word: leverage. The taller athlete has more leverage, and can generate more subsequent power than an athlete’s power at a shorter height. An athlete with more leverage means that they can throw farther, jump farther, run faster, and be more physically commanding than an athlete with less leverage. As discussed before, the taller decathlete is able to generate more leverage to bolster their throwing, running and jumping events than a similarly skilled athlete at a shorter height. Having more leverage than your opponent is a competitive advantage in any sport requiring the athlete to generate his or her own power. Simply put, height matters, and unless you are a jockey or a gymnast, your height determines your ability to compete.
November 1, 2012 • 21
Travis Robinson Sports Editor
In celebration of their 30 year anniversary, the American sports television network ESPN has recruited 30 top filmmakers to make 30 films relevant to the sporting community. The most recent film to be released from the collection is entitled 9.79*. It details the infamous 1988 100m Olympic final in Seoul, and the ramifications this race had on the sprinting world and the athletic community at large. The men’s 100m final at Seoul was perhaps the most hyped Olympic event in the history of the games. A major rivalry had been forged between American Carl Lewis and Canadian Ben Johnson. The two sprinters were character foils of each other. Johnson was a quiet and reserved introvert, a compact sprinter whose huge legs and shoulders resembled a shot putter more than a speed athlete. Lewis was a pompous and aloof extrovert, whose long and lean body seemed to hover down the track effortlessly, as if being guided by an otherworldly force. The two rivals were stylistically polar opposites, and represented the Canadian/American dichotomy in stereotypical fashion. Whereas Lewis showboated his way to gold medals in the Los Angeles games of 1984, Johnson stoically powered his way to a world championship in 1987 and a world record. Each sprinter had what the other wanted.
The final in Seoul was the grounds where two archrivals would meet on the sport’s biggest stage. The 1988 final was held on a sunny day in late September. The field for the final consisted of Johnson and Lewis, along with Englishman Linford Christie, Americans Calvin Smith and Dennis Mitchell, Brazilian Robson da Silva, Jamaican Ray Stewart, and Canadian Desai Williams. The electricity in the stadium was overwhelming as the athletes lined up for the final. Upon the starter’s gun, Ben Johnson exploded from the blocks with his trademark leaping start. He immediately overtook the field and cruised his way past a stunned Lewis to victory. As he crossed the finish line, the normally maladroit Johnson looked to his left at his rival Lewis, and raised his hand with index finger extended, signalling number one. Johnson crossed the line in 9.79 seconds, obliterating his previous world record and giving Canada its first Olympic sprinting champion since Percy Williams in 1928. A flabbergasted Lewis crossed the line in second place, with an exuberant Linford Christie claiming bronze. Lewis was swarmed by American journalists, and the usually verbose athlete was stunned into reticence. Lewis attempted to be magnanimous in defeat, but could not mask his bewilderment at
the time his rival had run. The victory was considered by Canadians to be a heroic act of patriotism, and Johnson was revered as a national hero. Flash forward two days later, and Johnson would be stripped of his medals, testing positive for the performance enhancing drug stanozolol, and was vilified by the North American media as a liar and cheat. It was a major blow to the sprinting community, and cast a dark shadow over the Olympic Games that none had seen before. 24 years later, the race is now viewed in a different light. As the film showcases, the top five athletes in the 100m final at Seoul, with the exception of Smith, would all go on to test positive for PEDs at later points in their career. Although Carl Lewis was awarded Johnson’s stripped medal as second place finisher, and would go on to compete at two more Olympic games (winning medals at each), even he had questionable relations with steroid circles in the 1980s. The film brilliantly portrays the steroid crisis in the 1980s athletic world, and gives intimate interviews with all eight athletes in the infamous Seoul race. The sprinting community has since recovered from the detrimental effects of the steroid era with the likes of a young Jamaican named Bolt. 9.79*, however, serves as a historical document of the best race that never was.
November 1, 2012 • 22
Travis Robinson Lifestyle Editor
1 ½ cups sugar 2 cups water juice of 6 lemons juice of lime soda water (club soda)
1 cup sugar 1 cup water juice of 6 blood oranges soda water
1 bunch mint 2 cups cubed seedless watermelon peeled zest of 1 lime 2 cups sugar 2 cups water soda water
Boil the sugar and water to create a simple syrup, then add to an ice-filled glass with the lemon juice, lime, and soda water to taste. The natural sweetness plus the sour lemon creates a refreshing twist on your store-bought lemon lime soda.
Create a simple syrup, and then add 1 ½ ounces of the syrup to 2 ounces of the orange juice to create a sweet and delicious drink. A personal favourite of mine, the blood orange juice is sweeter than a regular orange, and creates a brisker soda.
Start with the simple syrup, and then add the mint and watermelon, with lime to taste, to create a delicious soda with some extra meat to it. Watermelon is a naturally docile flavour, and the mint and lime bring out the sweetness without masking the natural watermelon taste.
November 1, 2012 • 23
There aren’t as many tips about winter running as there are cycling, because you only need to look after your body, not a second somewhat complex piece of equipment. Alex Mahoney
Dress in layers. Long underwear, covered by a light jacket and leggings is often sufficient to keep warm in all but the coldest conditions. Cotton has no place on a runner's body below +5 degrees. Not in socks, sweatshirts or even underwear. It'll be fine until you get sweaty, and then you'll get cold, limiting your runs to about 15 minutes. For the first few minutes you should be chilly, so that you warm up to an ideal temperature after 10 minutes or so. Ankles and knees tend to stiffen in the cold. Wear warm enough pants as well as long enough socks to keep them warm and moving easily. Gloves or mittens are essential when running in the winter. Nothing is more unpleasant than having freezing fingers during a run. Normal running shoes and socks will likely keep your feet plenty warm during the winter. Duct tape across some of the mesh vents is a cheap and easy fix if your feet get cold. Keep it short to avoid overuse injuries. The already unforgiving concrete and asphalt get even harder in winter, as well as the foam/gel in your shoes, making winter running harder on your body. Try running on your toes rather than heel striking. This keeps your weight centered over your leg, so you'll be less likely to slip on ice. This will also help absorb the impact of running on hard surfaces. Running shoe traction devices (Yaktrax, ice spikers, etc.) work well, but can be expensive and uncomfortable to wear. Alternatively, get some small hex head screws from the hardware store and screw them into the sole of your shoe. Make sure they're short enough so they don't poke the bottom of your feet! A pattern of four on the forefoot and two or three in the heel of your shoe should provide ample traction on slick surfaces. Don't do intervals or hard runs when it’s colder than -15 degrees. The cold air doesn't have enough time to warm up when you're breathing hard and can damage your lungs. Better yet, stay inside for a few days and hit the gym, pool or climbing wall! At the very least, make sure you have some reflective accents on your shoes and clothes so drivers can see you. Better yet, attach a small flashing red or white light to your clothing to make yourself more visible.
You may not enjoy running in the dark and cold, but a small dose of insanity on your part to go running at 6 a.m. (or earlier!) in the dark and cold nearly guarantees you won't be meeting any unsavoury characters that may be around at other times of the day. There are few things in life as invigorating as a short run just before dawn on a brisk winter morning. The best part is that the sun doesn't rise as early in the winter, so waking up before dawn is easy! 20 or 30 minutes of jogging in the morning will do more to keep you awake through the day than an extra half hour of sleep.
November 1, 2012 • 24
** Submit your TLFs at www.themeliorist.ca. All TLFs must be submitted via a valid uleth e-mail account. Keep in mind that libelous or offensive TLFs may be edited or omitted. The TLFs do not reflect the view or opinions of The Meliorist Publishing Society. LARRYBIRD!!!! We miss you!! As if you went to Rome you Stupid Idiot. Whenever we listen to songs in MUSI 3200 I always expect the class to break out dancing in a flash mob. That would be so epic!!
Guy in red hoodie and black coat at North Walmart on the 22nd. Don’t be so shy, you have a great smile :) lets go for coffee? Beer? First years, you are but children of summer and winter is coming.
Cultures are made of continuities and changes, and the identity of a society can survive through these changes. Societies without change aren’t authentic; they’re just dead.
Hangover Halloween Party Nov 1st @ Studio 54. 5$ for a “Jump-the-Line” wristband. Check us out on facebook. Halloween Hangover Relay For Life Fundraiser.
Metalheads Unite! November 9 first Headbanger’s Society show! $10 @ SU Ballroom. Anthrax, Megadeth covers. Headliner TBA. 4 more info Follow U of L Headbangers Society on Facebook
To the guy that helped push the black cavalier in parking lot E Tuesday morning, thank you SO much, you’ll never know how much I appreciate it.
Cheers to Joe at Tim Hortons, you are always so enthusiastic about you job and you greet people with the kindness of an open heart! Thank-you for making my day that much better! Anyone play League of Legends? Want to form a team?
ULeth! y u no have on-campus liquor store!? :( great job to all the new faces at the gym that have lasted 2 months! keep it up! Thanks to the cute guy who pushed my car out of the snow in N lot on Tuesday! Seriously made my day =) Sincerely, Stuck Silver Sunfire
Dear Dirty Mike and the Boys Thanks for cleaning up after you used my van Friday night Van Guy
I’m a girl who loves motorbiking, and I always see motorbikes at the Uni. UofL biker club anyone?? : )
I think profs should take a course on how to use computers, play movies/videos and how to adjust volume & use projectors. Seriously. 15 mins of class already wasted.
Biggest thanks to Kayla Hopkins; she took my lost Visa credit card to security. I usually keep those close. So glad that in a rare moment of neglect someone honest was there!
FREE CLOTHES!!!!! …..wait, what’s the catch? I’m watching you, shifty 8th level….
To the girls who helped push my car out of parking lot E on Wednesday, thank you so much, I really
appreciated it :) Girl with lip ring with white top in pool room your gorgeous from guy with blonde hair and glasses wearing green, I was to shy to say hi, maybe next time if I’m lucky. Help! Lost a ring that is a family heirloom between pe250 and lot m. Gold and white gold with 3 diamonds. Very old school. If you find please turn in or contact me. K.zubiak@uleth. The Headbanger’s Society presents WEST of HELL from Vancouver, fronted by Zimmers Hole lead singer Chris Valagao,to headline Nov 9th show @ SU Ballroom! Only $10 @ the door!! Dude who helped me get my car unstuck: a) you’re a babe and, b) I owe you a coffee :) If we’re posting lyrics…. Bang! Bang! Maxwell’s silver hammer came down upon her head. Bang! Bang! Maxwell’s silver hammer made sure that she was dead! -The Beatles
I can’t wait for Sodexo to get booted out, maybe they can hire some new Tim’s staff who can help more than 1 customer per 5 minutes. Be sad to see the Markin Girl go The guy who wanted to play HvsZ but has too many tests and who I talked to at the coffee shop (you’re addicted to caffeine) Youre cute, wish I had asked for your #-GirlintheRedCoat I am the only one that finds Tony Russell incredibly attractive? Purrrr ;) To the director of 1000 Names. Call meh maybe?? I am the original white trash, and no one will ever replace me. Always a pleasure playing cold extremities with you. ;3 To the sexiest hobo on the floor, M. M. Surprise!
To the girl asking for my number; I’ve sent it to you. Please call.
Everyday you’re there I find time to see you. I admire your everything, never asking the questions I desire. I’ll wait for you to feel for me…maybe you will one day. Maybe you do
You can’t separate peace from freedom because no one can be at peace unless he has his freedom. -Malcolm X
To the blonde girl dressed as a cat that joined our crew in the line up outside of pulse on Friday. Want to bangout sometime?
Girls that can pull off hipster glasses are sexy!
The guy carrying the DC backpack and the UA gym bag. Holy smoke show!!
November 1, 2012 • 25
To the loud group in Galileo’s: Thanks for being the best friends ever! “I’ve got some friends… [and] we’ve had some times I wouldn’t trade for the world” - Rise Against
ment! All the best to the both of you! <3
and Beyond? -Trance lover
when monkeys rise to rule!” -Stormtroopers of Death
Cute Girl who takes bus 32 with the short hair, just want to say hi and that your beautiful. Guy with glasses
Thanks Geek club for the very geeky night! Well worth it.
To the guy in the blue pants and the red head girl sitting together at CJay’s, dang you guys are hot! Threesome?
From the VIP (big bang fan), my fav song from Big Bang is Tell Me Goodbye. I really love Super Junior, B1A4, and Nu’est as well. (PS- I’m a fangirl… what about you?) ^_____^
to the guy in my PYCH 1000 night class i met you at pulse your from Strathmore… WHAT IS YOUR NAME!!!!!!!
Dear university, If you are going to refer to the freshmen as “First years” in order to be more politically correct, I WILL start telling people I finally made it to Hogwarts. Sincerely, doesn’t have to wait for the owl any more Dear My Negligent University, Please Take the time to salt your pathways so that I can walk without hurting myself or I’m not taking the time to pay my tuition bill. Sincerely, Wet and sore student. Dear Sleep, It was nice knowing you. Sincerely, University student If you womens are looking for clown ninjas, come to the ninjutsu class Tuesday and Thursday at 8:15pm, PE255 (Padded room across from PE250). I’ll be lying in wait… A huge congratulations goes out to Jesse and Kaitlyn on their engage-
Exploring Creativity class of this past summer… You know who you are! Reunion? :) I don’t smoke, but this whole banning smoking for “communities health and safety” is BS how about making it a vehicle free campus or a carpool friendly seems way more healthy! 1 non smoker stuck in a garage with 100 smokers comes out alive in the morning. 1 running car, 10 people in the garage, guess how many come out alive in the morning.Yes ban smoking Mary Kavanagh is the freaking bomb!! Dear Quinn You have now been mentioned in the TLFs From Robbie Does anyone in this fine university happen to listen to the likes of Tiesto, Armin Van Buuren, or Above
Dear big arms at the gym today and is also in my psych1000B You are godly and I could watch you work out all day To the guy that was wearing a yankees hat with fabulous arms at the gym; You were blessed with wonderful genes. You are a god, and you can bench press in front of me ANYDAY. A suggestion to all the profs out there: when some 1 makes a comment or asks a question, can u PLEASE repeat it so the REST of the class can hear? Much obliged mate. To the irate grammatical feminist- I think you meant to say “learn” how to spell not “lean” how to spell. Much love, your friendly campus grammar troll. #Thatsironic. To the cute girl who returned my ID card to me. You are an awesome person hope to see you around the Uni BIG THANKS to the guy who helped me get my car un-stuck tues the 23 at 9am.. You rock!! “We’ll see who laughs last the day
If anyone knows the game Munchkin and wants to play D/E1 common room at 9 every night =P Just wanted to give a shout out to the guys/gals working at timmys. Thanks for the speedy service and the kind smiles! Keep up the great work! I seem to have misplaced my sparkly batman pencilcase. If you have found this and want to return it to me you would be my dark knight. Text 403-952-9371 You are loved. K-pop club? Screw that, we need an EBM club in this school. If a treadmill says paused, it means im not done, NOT hey dumb bimbos why don’t you wait for me to leave for a second and take my treadmill though there’s plenty others not in use! Think I should talk a bit more on the radio? Give the Spotlight a try on CKXU, Thursdays @ 5. Plus thanks to you, anonymous! Almost made my whole Halloween. – The Kitchen Sink guy.
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Year in Review, and Thanks to All of You!
Feed or Famine Food Drive
The University of Lethbridge Students’ Union has a number of services that aid in allowing students to focus on their studies. The Students’ Union understands the obtaining a post-secondary educa-
ends meet. To help students alleviate the pressure of food insecurity or emergency situations, we offer a food bank to aid students. All current students, faculty and staff of the University of Lethbridge are eligible to access the food bank. The food bank has a wide range of users and everyone has a different story. It could be a delay with a student loan, an emergency situation, an unexpected expense or other budgeting issues; the ULSU Food Bank is there for students. The ULSU Food Bank is a not-for-
Union. While we understand struggles with food insecurity; we are a limited resource dependent on donations. The food bank can be accessed twice a month to a maximum of 10 visits in an academic career. Every year around this time the Students’ Union hosts an event called Feed or Famine Food Drive, which pits clubs against each other to collect food bank donations. It is a friendly competition where clubs select an area of Lethbridge where they would like to go door to door to collect food bank donations. The clubs visit homes in Lethbridge and leave a notice that they will come back on a designated day and that nonperishable food items be left on the door step for collection. The Feed or Famine Food Drive runs from Oct. 29 to Nov. 4. Clubs will drop off collected donations to the
Nov. 5 by 4:30 p.m. The totals will be calculated and a winner will be determined based on which club collects the most non-perishable food items for the ULSU Food Bank. Clubs who participate in the Feed or Famine Food Drive will be eligible for club funding along club will receive $300, second will receive $200 and third place will be awarded $100. All prizes will be distributed at the clubs council meeting on Nov. 15 at 3 p.m. The Students’ Union is always accepting donations for the food bank throughout the year. For more info email food.bank@uleth. ca or visit www.ulsu.ca.
Year in Review, and Thanks to All of You!
Local food forum and slow food dinner A day to Connect with the source of your food. 9:15 Am @ the barn, lethbridge college.
Parklandâ€™s 16th annual conference Petro, power and politics. @ ccis building, university of alberta
November 1, 2012 • 30
Jobs, jobs, jobs! Let us introduce you to CES (Career & Employment Services). CES is a student service office dedicated to assisting you with your career and job search needs. We’re within the Career Co-op Services office in AH154, along with Applied Studies and the Management and Arts & Science Cooperative Education programs. CCS office hours are 9 a.m. – 12 p.m. and 1 p.m. – 4 p.m., Monday to Friday. Go to our website for more detailed information on our services: www.uleth.ca/ross/ces. Information sessions on campus: Please sign up by going online to www.uleth.ca/ross/ces/eve nts to receive times and locations • Operation Wallacea – Wednesday, Nov. 7 Workshops to Nov. 16 (see full schedule and sign up online at www.uleth.ca/ross/ces/wor kshops) CES resume/cover letter workshops: * Monday, Nov. 5, 3 p.m. – 5:30 p.m. * Wednesday, Nov. 14, 10 a.m. – 12:30 p.m. CES interview workshops: * Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2 p.m. – 4:30 p.m. * Tuesday, Nov. 13, 3 p.m. – 5:30 p.m. CES how to network with employers workshops: * Friday, Nov. 2, 12 p.m. – 1 p.m. * Tuesday, Nov. 6, 11 a.m. – 12 p.m. * Wednesday, Nov. 7, 10 a.m. – 11 a.m. * Friday, Nov. 16, 10 a.m. – 11 a.m. Career planning 101 workshops: what can you do with your major? * Friday, Nov. 2, 2 p.m. – 3:30 p.m. * Tuesday, Nov. 6, 3 p.m. – 5 p.m. * Friday, Nov. 16, 1 p.m. – 3 p.m.
Job search & networking workshops: * Thursday, Nov. 1, 1:40 – 3:40 p.m. * Friday, Nov. 9, 1 p.m. – 3 p.m. * Thursday, Nov. 15, 3 p.m. – 5 p.m.
Career portfolios for interviews workshops: * Thursday, Nov. 8, 3 p.m. – 4:30 p.m. * Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2 p.m. – 3:30 p.m.
Visit our website www.uleth.ca/ross/ces to find the CES online job board! Full time • Management Trainee ~ Guillevin Internation Co (Dec. 31) • Agronomy Assistant; Operations Management Trainee; Sales Trainee; Grain Marketing Trainee; Agronomist in Training; Business Support Associate; Operations Management Associate ~ Various Locations ~ Cargill (Nov. 2) • Sales Trainee ~ Various Locations ~ Cargill Feed & Nutrition (Nov. 2) • Technology Development Assistant; DEKALB Assistant ~ Monsanto (Nov. 9) • Agribusiness Assistant, Various Locations ~ Richardson International (Nov. 30) • Research Associate Canola, Saskatoon ~ DuPont Pioneer (Nov. 1) • Property and Casualty Underwriter, Cgy/Edm ~ State Farm Insurance (Nov. 2) • Associate Laboratory Technologist, Grande Prairie/Red Deer ~ Halliburton Group Canada (Nov. 2) • Addiction/Mental Health Students & New Grads ~ Alberta Health Services (Jan. 2) • Field Technicians, Leth ~ Corix Group Companies (Nov. 2) • Sales Representative, Leth ~ Golds Gym (Nov. 4) • Junior Software Developer, Cgy ~ Divestco (Nov. 8) • Agronomists, Taber/Vauxhall ~ Crop Production Services (Nov. 8) • Crop Production Advisor, AB/SK ~ Crop Production Services (Nov. 8)
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Parts Manager, Leth ~ Davis Auto Group (Nov. 9) Food Service Sales Representative, Edm ~ Kraft Canada (Nov. 9) Data Analyst/Receptionist, Cgy ~ Gibson Energy (Nov. 10) Account Executive, Edm ~ Patron West Equip Finance (Nov. 30) Software Developer, Cgy ~ Arts Management Systems (Nov. 11) Credit Analyst, Edm ~ Cash Store Financial (Nov. 11) Environmental Field Coordinator, Hanna ~ Graham Brothers Construction Group (Nov. 12) Agronomist, AB/SK ~ Sanderson & Associates (Nov. 14) Field Biologist, Cochrane ~ Complete Crossings Inc. (Nov. 15) Account Representative;Field Manager, Edm ~ Otis Canada Inc. (Nov. 15) Field Sales Rep, Cgy ~ Mondelez International (Nov. 3) Addiction Support Worker, Rocky Mountain House ~ Enviros (Nov. 5) Executive Team Leader, Edm ~ Target (Nov. 17) Pre-Sell Customer Service Rep, Edm/Cgy ~ PepsiCo. (Nov. 18) Term Developmental Meat Inspector, Leth ~ Canadian Food Inspection Agency (Nov. 2) Child Care Provider, Leth ~ YWCA (Nov. 2) Crisis Counselor, Leth ~ YWCA (Nov. 2) Corporate Sales Representative, Edm ~ UPS (Nov. 21) Assistant Accountant, Cgy ~ Alberta Securities Commission (Nov. 3) Sales & Marketing Representative, Leth ~ Westwind Gymnastics Club (Nov. 21) Financial Analyst, Edm ~ Cash Store Financial (Nov. 5) Coordinator, Talent Development, Edm ~ EPCOR Utilities Inc (Nov. 5) Financial Analyst, Leth ~ U of L (Nov. 13) Administrative Support II, Leth ~ U of L (Nov. 2)
Temporary • Business Banking Officer, Leth ~ HSBC Bank Canada (Nov. 4)
Foodservice Sales Rep, Edm ~ Kraft Canada (Nov. 16)
Summer postings • Breeding Associates, SK/MB/AB ~ Bayer CropScience (Nov. 9) • Seed Production Associates ~ Bayer CropScience (Nov. 16) • Specialty Canola Oils Sales; Operations Intern; Agronomy Research Intern, Various Locations ~ Cargill (Nov. 2) • Relationship Manager Assistant, Various Locations ~ FCC (Nov. 16) • Seed Technician Assistant; Summer Sales Assistant ~ Monsanto (Nov. 9) • Agribusiness Student, Various Locations ~ Richardson International (Nov. 30) • Agronomy Trial Intern, Alberta ~ DuPont Pioneer (Nov. 14) • Crop Production Assistants, AB/SK ~ Crop Production Services (Nov. 8) • Summer Parent Seed Associates, Kamloops/Abbotsford ~ Bayer CropScience (Nov. 10) • Hybrid Canola Seed Production Assistant, Leth ~ DowAgroSciences (Nov. 16) • Research Assistant/ Tutor, Deep River/Chalk River ~ Deep River Science Academy (Jan. 30) • Summer Research Associate, Leth/Edm ~ BASF Canada (Nov. 2) • Summer Seed Growth Associate, Regina ~ Bayer CropScience Inc. (Nov. 16) • Production Technician, Leth ~ Hytech Production Ltd. (Dec. 15) Part time • Field Artillery Soldier/Officer ~ Canadian Forces (Nov. 30) • Online Teaching Job ~ Hiknow English (Dec. 31) • Care Giver, Leth ~ Care.com (Dec. 12) • Tutor, Leth ~ Tutor Doctor (Dec. 31) • Part Time Server/Housekeeper/Cook, Leth ~ The Gardens at West Highlands (Nov. 5) • Youth Development Specialist, Cgy ~ Boys & Girls Club (Nov. 3)
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Disability Services Worker, Leth ~ Quest Support Services (Nov. 4) Mystery Shopping Opportunities, Leth ~ Premier Service (Nov. 5) Cora’s Lethbridge is hiring for Food/Beverage Industry, Leth ~ Cora Breakfast & Lunch (Nov. 1) Sales Position & Merchandising, Leth ~ McGuires Men’s Wear (Nov. 18) Corporate Promotional Representative, Leth ~ CU-SEE (Nov. 9)
International • Volunteer Positions, Various Locations ~ International Humanity Foundation (Nov. 20) • English Teacher ~ EF Changchun (Dec. 31) • Math/Science/English Teaching Position, England ~ Engage Education Canada (Dec. 31) • Teach English in South Korea; Public School Jobs in South Korea ~ Eagle Consulting (Nov. 2) • Internships in China ~ InternChina (Dec. 31) • Supply or Contract Positions in Melbourne, Australia and London, England ~ ANZUK Teaching Agency (Nov. 3) • Teach English in South Korea ~ Avalon English (Dec. 28) • InternChina, Graduate Trainee ~ InternChina (Nov. 8) • Education Marketing Internships, Beijing ~ CISC Global (Nov. 8) • Teaching Options in South Korea ~ Korjob (Nov. 10) • Teach, Travel & Earn Money, South Korea ~ Aclipse (Nov. 10) • Travel. Teach. Save! South Korea ~ Adventure Teaching (Nov. 2) • Assistant Language Teachers and Coordinators of International Relations, Japan ~ JET Programme (Nov. 30) • English Teacher, Various Locations ~ EF Changchun (Jan. 22) • Teach English in Japan ~ International Education Services (Dec. 28) For details of the postings and information on the application processes, go to www.uleth.ca/ross/ces/jobboard.
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