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Advanced Email Marketing Metrics

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Bounces # of undelivered emails (bounces) / total # of emails sent It seems very obvious to say it, but if your marketing emails don’t reach peoples’ inboxes, then your email marketing campaign isn’t going to be very successful or profitable. These are just a few of the reasons why emails “bounce”:    

the Internet Service Provider (ISP) you are using incorrect email addresses (a data cleansing issue) subject headings and from addresses which look “spammy” (eg, ALL CAPS) recipients have previously identified your email as junk/spam

By determining the exact number of emails that were delivered and undelivered, there are many actions to take away including looking at the quality of your customer database and how you use subject headings to attract a recipient’s attention and encourage them to open. It also allows you to calculate a whole big bunch of useful metrics like the ones mentioned below.

Open to Click Ratio # of clicks / # of emails opened Seeing how many emails were opened is one thing, but no email marketer wants his or her emails to be read without resulting in an action of some sort. With this ratio we can get a good indication of how engaging our emails actually are. There must always be at least one objective for each email marketing campaign, whether that be that the campaign leads to sales, repeat purchases, cross/up-selling etc. By using email marketing software you will be able to see how recipients interact with your emails by tracking the clicks on any links contained within the emails, the first step in the process to your ultimate result.

Conversion Rate # of conversions on website or landing page / total # of emails delivered Conversions, seemingly the holy grail of internet marketing (you’ll see why I only say “seemingly” when you read about Customer Lifetime Value) is a very important metric. Conversion rate tells you how effective your marketing emails are in generating sales, leads or any other type of conversion. If there’s an extremely low conversion rate, you need to make changes to address it.

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Average Revenue per Email Sent # of revenue generated by the campaign / total # of emails sent The most common objective of an email marketing campaign is to increase sales for the company. By seeing an average for how much revenue that each email (or each marketing segment) generates, you will be able to determine if your future email campaigns should be sent to just those customers/segments which generate the most revenue.

Profitability per Email Sent (total revenue generated – cost of goods sold – campaign cost) / total # of emails sent Email marketing is a very cost-effective channel for online marketing, however it’s still necessary to evaluate how profitable each campaign has been. For this metric, always divide the profit by the total numbers sent (not just delivered) as even though those emails may not make it to an inbox, you are still paying to send it.

Complaint Rate # of complaints / total # of emails delivered This is a metric that often gets overlooked by many email marketers. It’s especially significant if you are sending emails on behalf of a large brand for which brand reputation is of the utmost importance. Many emails marketers do not report on complaint rate as a complaint is always going to be a negative and it can be difficult to track a complaint for a specific email campaign. Of course, each complaint will differ in severity however it is good to have an idea of how wide-scale complaints are, so that you can do some further analysis afterwards if needed.

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Unsubscribe Rate # of unsubscribes / total # of emails delivered If the recipients of your marketing emails are unsubscribing from your mailing list in large numbers, then you need to know about it. There may be something about the specific email campaign that doesn’t fly with the customers in your database or they may not have realized that they originally opted-in to your mailing list (in which case you should make it more clear). The main thing to remember with unsubscribes is that there needs to be a facility to automatically cleanse your database of those people who have unsubscribed; further problems could arise if people who don’t want to receive your emails, keep on receiving them on a regular basis. The best way to ensure that this is happens is by using integrated online marketing software.

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Advanced Email Marketing Metrics  

Guide for advanced email marketers about the most important metrics to use when evaluating email marketing campaigns.

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