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In The News This Week FBI: 4 CALIF. MEN CHARGED IN ALLEGED TERROR PLOT Four Southern California men have been charged with plotting to kill Americans and destroy U.S. targets overseas by joining alPage 1 Qaida.

OBAMA SENDS CLINTON TO MIDEAST AMID GAZA CRISIS President Barack Obama dispatched Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton to the Middle Page 2 East

OBAMA MEETS CHINA, JAPAN LEADERS AMID SEA TENSIONS President Barack Obama closed his Asian tour in diplomatic talks with leaders of Japan and China. Page 3

FLORIDA ACCIDENT STATISTICS Accident Statistics from Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles. Page 4

FLORIDA ACCIDENT REPORTS This Weeks Accident Reports from Various countys in Florida. Page 5

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F B I : 4 C A L I F. M E N CHARGED IN ALLEGED T E R R O R P L O T LOS ANGELES (AP) -Four Southern California men have been charged with plotting to kill Americans and destroy U.S. targets overseas by joining al-Qaida and the Taliban in Afghanistan, T h federal officials said Monday.

of the explosive. "If I'm gonna do that, I'm gonna take out a whole base. Might as well make it, like, big, ya know," he s a i d . r e e

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The defendants, including a man who served in the U.S. Air Force, were arrested for plotting to bomb military bases and government facilities, and for planning to engage in "violent jihad," FBI spokeswoman Laura Eimiller said in a release. A federal complaint unsealed Monday says 34year-old Sohiel Omar Kabir of Pomona introduced two of the other men to the radical Islamist doctrine of Anwar al-Awlaki, a deceased al-Qaida leader. Kabir served in the Air Force from 2000 to 2001. The other two - 23-year-old Ralph Deleon of Ontario and 21-year-old Miguel Alejandro Santana Vidriales of Upland - converted to Islam in 2010 and began engaging with Kabir and others online in discussions about jihad, including posting radical content to Facebook and expressing extremist views in comments. They later recruited 21-year-old Arifeen David Gojali of Riverside.

Feeling the pinch of the sluggish economic recovery, many Americans setting out on the nation's annual Thanksgiving migration. Page 6

Authorities allege that in Skype calls from Afghanistan, Kabir told the trio he would arrange their meetings with terrorists. Kabir added the would-be jihadists could sleep in mosques or the homes of fellow jihadists once they arrived in Afghanistan.

The main global warming pollutant reached a record high level in the air in 2011 Page 6

AMID GAZA DIPLOMACY, BOMB BLASTS TEL AVIV BUS A bomb exploded aboard an Israeli bus near the nation's military headquarters in Tel Aviv on Wednesday, wounding 27 people. Page 8

NEW ZEALAND VOLCANO ERUPTS; HIKERS SAFE A New Zealand volcano erupted with a brief blast of dark ash. Page 8

According to the complaint, at the shooting range that day both Santana and Deleon told a confidential FBI source they were excited about the rewards from becoming a shaheed, which is Arabic for martyr.

f o u r

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November 19, 2012

The trio made plans to depart in mid-November to carry out plots in Afghanistan, primarily, and Yemen, after they sold off belongings to scrape together enough cash to buy plane tickets and made passport arrangements. In one online conversation, Santana told an FBI undercover agent that he wanted to commit jihad and expressed interest in a jihadist training camp in Jalalabad, Afghanistan. The complaint also alleges the men went to a shooting range several times, including a Sept. 10 trip in which Deleon told a confidential FBI source that he wanted to be on the front lines overseas and use C-4, an explosive, in an attack. Santana agreed. "I wanna do C-4s if I could put one of these trucks right here with my, with that. Just drive into, like, the baddest military base," Santana said, according to the complaint. Santana added he wanted to use a large quantity

m e n

a r r e s t e d

Ten days later, during another trip to the shooting range to fire assault-style rifles, Santana told the source he had been around gangs and had no problem taking a life. On Sept. 30, Gojali was recruited to the plot after he was asked if he had it in him to kill in jihad. Gojali answered, "Yeah, of course." "I watch videos on the Internet, and I see what they are doing to our brothers and sisters. ... It makes me cry, and it gets like I'm, like, so angered with them," Gojali said, according to the complaint. The men wiped their Facebook pages of radical Islamist content and photos of themselves in traditional Muslim attire, and devised a cover story that they were going to Afghanistan to attend Kabir's wedding. Federal authorities said the trio and the FBI's confidential source bought airplane tickets last week for a Sunday flight from Mexico City to Istanbul, with plans to later continue to Kabul. After Kabir began talking to him about Islam, Santana said he "accepted Islam without knowing anything about it besides it being the truth" and that he believed the religion would help him "fit in and actually be able to fight for something that's right," according to the complaint. If convicted, each defendant faces a maximum of 15 years in federal prison. Kabir is being detained in Afghanistan. The other three appeared for a detention hearing Monday in Riverside, and all but Gojali were remanded to federal custody with no bail. His detention hearing was delayed. After-hours calls left for the men's attorneys were not immediately returned Monday. A preliminary hearing is slated for Dec. 3, and an arraignment is set for Dec. 5. Kabir is a naturalized U.S. citizen who was born in Afghanistan. Santana was born in Mexico, while Deleon was born in the Philippines. Both are lawful, permanent U.S. residents. Gojali is a U.S. citizen.


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Legal Street News Monday November 19, 2012

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OBAMA SENDS CLINTON T O M I D E A S T A M I D G A Z A C R I S I S leaves her post as the top U.S. diplomat. They spoke again about the situation Tuesday morning, aides said, and made the decision for her to travel to the region.

PHNOM PENH, Cambodia (AP) -President Barack Obama dispatched Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton to the Middle East on Tuesday as the U.S. urgently seeks to contain the bloody conflict between Israel and Hamas. Clinton hastily departed for the region from Cambodia, where she had joined Obama for summit meetings with Asian leaders. The White House said she would make three stops, meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Jerusalem, Palestinian officials in Ramallah, in the West Bank, and Egyptian leaders in Cairo. Clinton was expected to arrive in Israel on Tuesday night and return to Washington late Wednesday or very early Thursday after making all three stops.

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Clinton's trip marks the Obama administration's most forceful engagement in the weeklong conflict that has killed more than 100 Palestinians and three Israelis, with hundreds more wounded. While the U.S. has backed Israel's right to defend itself against rocket fire from Gaza, the Obama administration has warned its ally against pursuing a ground assault that would further escalate the violence and could dramatically increase casualties on both sides.

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State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said Clinton "will emphasize the United States' interest in a peaceful outcome that protects and enhances Israel's security and regional stability; that can lead to improved conditions for the civilian residents of Gaza; and that can reopen the path to fulfill the aspirations of Palestinians and Israelis for two states living in peace and security."

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Still, Obama's deputy national security adviser Ben Rhodes said the U.S. believes "Israel will make its own decisions about the military operations and decisions that it undertakes." "At the same time, we believe that Israel, like the United States, like other countries, would prefer to see their interests met diplomatically and peacefully," Rhodes said. "It's in nobody's interest to see an escalation of the military conflict." Obama and Clinton have consulted about the widening crisis throughout their three-day tour of Southeast Asia, their final joint trip before Clinton

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Still, it was unclear what impact Clinton's presence would have on the spiraling violence or whether she was heading to the Mideast with any specific overtures from the U.S. Rhodes said "there are a number of ideas that are in play," but offered no further details. And he insisted the ramped up U.S. involvement was "a matter of what's in everybody's best interests", not a matter of "leverage." Obama and Clinton each have held multiple telephone calls with their counterparts in Israel and Egypt, which is at the center of negotiations to quell the violence. Because the U.S. considers Hamas a terrorist organization and prohibits contact between its members and American officials, it is relying on Egypt, as well as Turkey and Qatar, to deliver its message to the Hamas leadership in Gaza. Israel and Hamas say they are open to diplomatic mediation efforts being led by Egypt, but they are far apart in their demands. Hamas wants Israel to halt all attacks on Gaza and lift tight restrictions on trade and movement in and out of the territory that have been in place since Hamas seized Gaza by force in 2007. Israel demands an end to rocket fire from Gaza and a halt to weapons smuggling into Gaza through tunnels under the border with Egypt. The widening conflict has threatened to overshadow Obama's three-country tour of Southeast Asia, his first overseas trip after winning re-election. The president, after a marathon day that took him from Thailand to Myanmar to Cambodia, worked the phones with Mideast leaders into the early hours of Tuesday morning, aides said. The White House said Obama would stay in contact with the key players in the conflict while Clinton was on the ground. The president is scheduled to depart Cambodia later Tuesday, arriving back in Washington before dawn Wednesday.

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Street News Monday, November 19,2012

3

O B A M A M E E T S C H I N A , J A P A N L E A D E R S A M I D S E A T E N S I O N S of his meeting with Obama, telling reporters: "With the increasing severity of the security environment in East Asia, the importance of the JapanU.S. alliance is increasing evermore."

PHNOM PENH, Cambodia (AP) -President Barack Obama closed his Asian tour in diplomatic talks with leaders of Japan and China, their economic message overshadowed by security tensions over disputed waters and territories. The crisis between Israel and Hamas militants intervened, too, as Obama rushed his top diplomat straight from Cambodia to the Mideast.

Earlier this month, the U.S. and Japan held naval exercises involving some 37,400 Japanese and 10,000 U.S. troops, highlighting the tensions.

Obama was wrapping up four days in Southeast Asia on Tuesday and starting the long journey home, where fiscal deadlines and decisions await. On the margins of the East Asia Summit here, Obama met with two Asian leaders, outgoing Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda, who is likely to be replaced. The president is devoting attention to the region to broaden U.S. influence in a part of the world long dominated by China.

U.S. President Barack Obama, center, arrives for the East Asian Summit Plenary Session at the Peace Palace in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Tuesday, Nov. 20, 2012. Walking in front of President Obama is Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao.

But talk of trade was overshadowed by discussions over how to prevent violence over South China Sea territories. Southeast Asian leaders meeting here in the Cambodian capital decided to ask China to start formal talks "as soon as possible" on crafting a binding agreement on how to resolve such disputes. Tensions have flared recently over rival claims by China, the Philippines and Vietnam to South China Sea islands and waters that are believed to be rich in gas and oil and that comprise some of the world's main shipping routes. Two other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Brunei and Malaysia, also have been embroiled in South China Sea rifts. China has opposed any attempt to bring the disputes to international forums, and it has warned the U.S. to remain neutral in the disputes.

U.S. Deputy National Security Adviser Ben Rhodes said the United States favors a legally binding code of conduct and that such disputes should be resolved among the various countries involved, not one-on-one with China. "The U.S. believes that any solution has to be consistent with international law, has to preserve the free flow of commerce that is important not just to the countries in this region but to the world," Rhodes said after the meetings. "The U.S. is not a claimant in the South China Sea, but we have significant interest there given its role in the global economy." Separately, tension between Japan and China have risen over the uninhabited islands, known as Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China. Tokyo nationalized some of the islands last month, reigniting a long-running territorial feud between China and Japan. Noda alluded to the strains during remarks at the top

"There needs to be a lowering of tensions around these territorial disputes," Rhodes said following the meetings. "There's no reason to risk any potential escalation, particularly when you have two of the world's largest economies China and Japan - associated with some of those disputes."

Obama and Noda, speaking to reporters ahead of their meeting, ignored shouted questions about the South China Sea disputes. So did Obama and Wen. Meanwhile, the explosive crisis in the Middle East has competed for Obama's time throughout his trip. On Tuesday he dispatched Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton to the Middle East in hopes that she can help mediate an end to bloody conflict in the region. Clinton will begin her Mideast diplomacy by meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Jerusalem. She also will meet with Palestinian officials in Ramallah before heading to Cairo to meet with leaders in Egypt. Israel has been firing rockets into the Gaza Strip in an attempt to end months of rocket fire out of the Hamas-ruled territory. The U.S. says Israel has a right to defend itself.

DOZENS OF GROUPS BOYCOTT R U S S I A ' S N E W N G O S L A W Some foreign-funded NGOs are already feeling a popular backlash stemming from the new law. When Memorial staff arrived at their building in central Moscow Wednesday, they found the slogan "Foreign Agent (Heart) USA" spray-painted on its facade. Elsewhere in Moscow, a pro-Kremlin youth group picketed outside the Russian office of

MOSCOW (AP) -- Dozens of non-governmental organizations operating in Russia are refusing to comply with a new law restricting their activities as part of the Kremlin's crackdown on its critics. The law, passed several months ago, obliged all NGOs that receive foreign funding and are involved in loosely defined political activities to register as "foreign agents" by Wednesday. But Oleg Orlov, head of the prominent Memorial rights group, said his organization and dozens of other NGOs are boycotting the law because it would damage their credibility in Russia, where the word `foreign agent' is synonymous to spy. "By using this law the authorities are trying to brand us as foreign agents - this phrase has a particularly negative connotation in Russian," Orlov said. Among those refusing to comply with the new law are the Moscow Helsinki Group, a leading rights watchdog; Golos, Russia's only independent vote monitoring group; Agora, a prominent lawyers' association; and scores of others. Failure to comply with the law carries hefty fines and the suspension of the NGO's license. But even if NGOs comply, their existence remains under threat: The law gives authorities the right to carry out continuous audits, which will virtually paralyze the activities of any organization, Orlov said.

Questions About Your Accident Report CONTACT A man passes by the office of Memorial rights group in Moscow, Russia, The building has the words “Foreign Agent (Loves) USA� spray-painted on its facade by unidentified people. A new law requiring non-government organization receiving money from abroad to register as "foreign agents" came into force in Russia

President Vladimir Putin defended the new law on NGOs as necessary protection against foreign meddling in Russian political affairs. But Russian NGO leaders said they have to tap foreign funds because local business is simply afraid of bankrolling Kremlin critics. On the eve of the law coming into force, stateowned Channel One aired a report blasting American non-profit foundations of bankrolling last winter's anti-Putin rallies in Russia. Putin earlier accused the United States of fomenting the antigovernment protests as a means of weakening the country.

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4 Legal Street News Monday November 19, 2012

F L O R I D A

A C C I D E N T

S T A T I S T I C S

Data From the Official Website of the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles. www.flhsmv.gov

Lighing Conditions at the Time of Crash

Lighting Conditions Daylight

All Crashes

Fatal Crashes

Vehicle and/or Prperty Damage only Crashes

Injury Crashes

151,669

937

86,517

64,215

Dusk

6,115

44

3,305

2,766

Dawn

2,818

39

1,490

1,289

Dark

71,188

1,234

32,982

36,972

3,671

7

553

3,111

235,466

2,261

124,847

108,353

Unknown

Total

Road Surface Conditions at the Time of Crash

Lighting Conditions

All Crashes

Fatal Crashes

Vehicle and/or Prperty Damage only Crashes

Injury Crashes

Dry

200,153

1,995

106,486

91,674

Wet

31,490

245

17,139

14.106

975

7

542

426

61

1

27

33

Other

2,782

13

655

2,114

Total

235,461

2,261

124,847

108,353

Slippery Icy


THIS W EEK

______________________________________Legal Street News Monday, November 19, 2012

AUTO ACCIDENTS 3 Haitian migrant farmworkers from West Palm Beach killed in I-95 crash November 13, 2012 ORMOND BEACH, Fla. - The Florida Highway Patrol has identified three Haitian migrant farmworkers killed when their van flipped over in central Florida. Sgt. Kim Montes said Monday that Benitoh Delice, Sonja Maubrun and Berteau Nazaire died at the scene Sunday morning. All three victims were from West Palm Beach. They weren't wearing seat belts, Montes said. They were among 15 farmworkers in the van traveling to New Jersey for work. Montes said one of the van's tires separated, causing the driver to lose control on Interstate 95 near the Volusia-Flagler County line. Two passengers were hospitalized in critical condition. Nine other passengers also were injured. Montes said the driver, Vilbrun Bertrand, of West Palm Beach, suffered minor injuries. He was wearing a seat belt.

Debris on I-95, Oakland Park November 14, 2012 South Florida commuters are finding dry roads for the peak of the morning rush on Monday.

IN SOUTH FLORIDA

Crash snarls northbound I-95 November 15, 2012 The northbound lanes of Interstate 95 were experiencing heavy delays through Fort Lauderdale Tuesday afternoon. A crash near Oakland Park Boulevard that was reported shortly after 12:30 p.m. was intially blocking five northbound travel lanes. The multi-vehicle crash was reported shortly after 12:30 p.m. By 1:30 p.m. most of the travel lanes were reopening but considerable delays remained in place.

St. Augustine Beach man dies in crash near I-95 in Volusia County November 15, 2012 Florida Highway Patrol has released the name of the St. Augustine Beach man killed in the singlecar crash near Interstate 95 in Volusia County this afternoon. Investigators say Allan Hallman, 41, was on Beville Road merging onto the I-95 entrance ramp at about 3:45 p.m. when he lost control of his 2003 Ford pickup truck. The truck flipped over several times and Hallman, who was not wearing a seat belt, was ejected from the vehicle.

Among the incidents and crashes being reported through the region by the Florida Highway Patrol and Florida Department of Transportation: 8:19 a.m., hit-and-run crash on southbound I-95 near the entrance ramp to Commercial Boulevard in Oakland Park; Tire debris reported in the left land of I-95 after Commercial Boulevard in Oakland Park; 8:02 a.m., crash on the northbound State Road 7 ramp to I-95 inFort Lauderdale;

Hallman died on scene. There was one other passenger in the truck at the time of the crash. Robert Thornton, 43, was wearing a seat belt. He survived the crash and was taken to Halifax Medical Center with serious injuries.

Jacksonville police cruiser T-bones SUV that ran light, Sheriff's Office says

A 22-year-old Davie man was killed in a rollover accident in Southwest Ranches on Wednesday, the Broward Sheriff's Office reported.

November 14, 2012 The intersection of Eighth and Main streets saw its second police-involved crash within a year Sunday night. Just before 11 p.m., the officer was northbound on Main Street when a sport-utility vehicle, eastbound on Eighth Street, ran the light, police said. At the time of the crash, Main Street had a blinking yellow light while Eighth Street had a blinking red light. The officer T-boned the SUV, but none of those involved in the crash suffered life-threatening injuries, said Sgt. Donald Washington. The case is still being investigated.

Davie man dies in rollover accident November 16, 2012

1 injured after truck crashes into passenger bus on I-75 November 17, 2012 One person was left in critical condition after a crash on Interstate 75 in Sumter County involving a bus carrying 27 people and a truck. The Florida Highway Patrol said it happened around 7:30 p.m. in the northbound lanes of I-75 near mile marker 333. Troopers said the passenger bus was heading for Mexico from Lake Wales when it slowed down for congested traffic. That’s when officials say the bus was hit from behind by a truck. That truck went down an embankment, spun around and hit some small trees before finally stopping, according to FHP. A passenger in the truck was taken to Orlando Regional Medical Center with critical injuries. The two other drivers and the 27 passengers on the bus were not injured.

FHP IDs fatality in I-95 wreck November 17, 2012 A St. Augustine Beach man was killed today while trying to enter northbound Interstate 95 in Daytona Beach and losing control of his pickup, which rolled over several times, the Florida Highway Patrol said. Allan Hallman, 41, of St. Augustine Beach, was thrown from the pickup as it rolled over about 3:45 p.m., an FHP report states. Hallman was not wearing a seat belt, troopers said. A passenger, Robert Thorton, 43, of St. Augustine suffered serious injuries and was taken to Halifax Health Medical Center. He had been wearing a seat belt, troopers said.

The victim was identified as Taylor Keene, of Cobblestone Lane. He had left work and was traveling eastbound on Griffin Road around 5 a.m. when he lost control of the 2002 Ford F-150 he was driving, investigators said. The truck struck the raised median near the 16600 block of Griffin Road, causing the vehicle to roll over twice. As the vehicle rolled, Keene was ejected and the truck came to rest over his body. Keene was the only person in the truck, officials said. Pembroke Pines Fire Rescue pronounced Keene dead at the scene of the crash. Broward Sheriff's Office detectives were investigating the accident.

Driver, 19, killed when car rolls in New Tampa November 15, 2012 A single-vehicle crash early Tuesday in a New Tampa subdivision killed the 19-year-old driver and injured a 16-year-old passenger, Tampa police said. William Gallagher, of Wesley Chapel, was killed after 1998 Honda rolled, and he was partially ejected and pinned under the vehicle, police said. Charles Trimbl, of Tampa, was taken to Florida Hospital with non-life-threatening injuries, police said. Another passenger, Camron Davis, 21, of Wesley Chapel, ran from the scene, police said. Speed appeared to be a factor in the crash, police said. The Honda was traveling on Wild Tamarind Drive in K-Bar Ranch just after midnight when the car rolled, police said. Police continue to investigate.

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ECONOMY MEANS SACRIFICE F O R T H A N K S G I V I N G T R AV E L E R S CHICAGO (AP) -- Feeling the pinch of the sluggish economic recovery, many Americans setting out on the nation's annual Thanksgiving migration had to sacrifice summer vacations, rely on relatives for airfare or scour the Web for travel deals to ensure they made it home. It's not just tight family finances making travel tough. Airlines struggling to save on jet fuel and other expenses have cut the number of flights, leading to a jump in airfares. Those hitting the roads face high gas prices and rising tolls. Now, with talk of the nation sliding off a "fiscal cliff" come January, many travelers said they're accepting that sacrifices for pricy holiday journeys have become the norm.

Philadelphia on Tuesday. The 22-yearold, who works in human relations at Citigroup in New York City, said the costs would set her back, but family is a priority. Having skipped their Thanksgiving trip last year, Nishiya Sivaruban and her husband were able to save enough to take their two children to the Hawaiian island of Kauai on a special holiday journey. They saved about $200 each on airfare by flying out of O'Hare instead of Milwaukee, which is closer to their home in Waukesha, Wis.

Passengers wait to board a train in New York's Penn Station, Wednesday, Nov. 21, 2012. Around 43.6 million Americans were expected to journey 50 miles or more between Wednesday and Sunday, just a 0.7 percent increase from last year, according to AAA's yearly Thanksgiving travel analysis

"You become immune to it, I guess," said Chris Zukowski, a 43-year-old locomotive engineer from the Chicago suburb of Huntley, as he hugged his wife and three children goodbye at Chicago's O'Hare Airport and lamented he could not afford to join them on the holiday trip to New Jersey. "You have to cut back on things just to make sure that you can afford to do stuff like this, so they can go visit grandma," he said, referring to his son and two daughters. Weather was also upsetting some travel plans. Dense fog in the Chicago area forced the cancellation of 90 inbound and outbound flights at the city's two airports Wednesday morning, according to flightstats.com. More than 400 other flights were delayed at O'Hare and Midway. Visibility was near zero at both airports for several hours, said National Weather Service meteorologist Richard Castro. The fog was expected to lift as the day progressed. If the nation's travel patterns are any kind of barometer for the state of the economy, the travel forecast for Thanksgiving week suggested a slight upward nudge as people and businesses recover slowly from the 2007-09 recession in which Americans lost nearly a quarter of their wealth. Around 43.6 million Americans were expected to journey 50 miles or more between Wednesday and Sunday, just a 0.7 percent increase from last year, according to AAA's yearly Thanksgiving travel analysis. After a couple years of healthy post-recession growth, this year's numbers suggested it will take a stronger economy to lift travel demand significantly, the travel organization said. More people are driving, fewer are flying and the average distance traveled was expected to be nearly 17 percent - or about 120 miles - shorter than a year ago, it said. As car ownership declines among younger Americans, many of those hitting the road were

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jumping onto buses. "I can't afford to own a car; it's too expensive," said 21-year-old web design student Kayla Sprague of Minneapolis. She was setting off on a 235-mile bus trip to Fargo, N.D. From there, her parents would be driving her the rest of the way to a family gathering in Grand Forks. Army Pfc. Jordan Clark, of Biloxi, Miss., said he was only able to fly because relatives pooled their resources to buy his ticket. "It's been difficult. My parents help out, my grandparents," the 20-year-old serviceman said before getting on a flight from Chicago to San Antonio. He wasn't so lucky over the summer, when he had to make the same journey by bus in what became a three-day ordeal thanks to breakdowns. But it saved him more than $200. Some families are even agreeing to bump Thanksgiving dinner to Saturday, for example, allowing those traveling long distances to get cheaper, offpeak fares and avoid crowds, said Joseph Schwieterman, a transportation researcher at DePaul University. Aided by smartphone apps, social media and other technology, consumers are getting better at sniffing out deals and are realizing they need to be flexible with dates and even with which airports they chose when booking, said Courtney Scott, a senior editor at Travelocity. "I think people are really becoming smarter, more creative travelers and shoppers," Scott said. For some travelers, the coping mechanism was decidedly less sophisticated: Travel now, worry about the costs later. "I think it's my personal style to say, `It's the holidays. Who cares?' And deal with the consequences later," said Olivia Melman, who flew from Chicago to

If You Hve It Give Some Back

She and her husband are originally from Sri Lanka and have family links to the founder of a Hindu temple and monastery on Kauai that they were excited about visiting.

"There's a lot of things we're thankful for so we wanted to go to that temple," she said.

U N S A Y S GREENHOUSE G A S E S AT RECORD HIGH GENEVA (AP) -- The main global warming pollutant reached a record high level in the air in 2011, the U.N. weather agency said Tuesday. Concentrations of heat-trapping carbon dioxide in the atmosphere averaged 390 parts per million during the year. That is up 40 percent from before the Industrial Age, when levels were about 280 parts per million, the World Meteorological Organization said. Carbon dioxide, the chief greenhouse gas, stays in the atmosphere for 100 years. Some of it is natural, coming mainly from decomposing dead plants and animals, but scientists say the bulk of it is from the burning of fossil fuels. There have been 350 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide added to the atmosphere since 1750 and it "will remain there for centuries, causing our planet to warm further and impacting on all aspects of life on earth," said WMO Secretary-General Michel Jarraud. "Future emissions will only compound the situation." Between 1990 and 2011, carbon dioxide and other gas emissions caused a 30 percent increase in the warming effect on the climate, the agency reported. After carbon dioxide, methane has the biggest effect on climate. Atmospheric concentrations of methane also reached a new high of 1,813 parts per billion in 2011, up 159 percent from pre-industrial levels of about 700 parts per billion. About 40 percent comes from natural sources such as termites and wetlands, but the rest is due to cattle breeding, rice agriculture, fossil fuel burning, landfills and incineration, the agency said.

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AMID GAZA DIPLOMACY, BOMB B L A S T S T E L A V I V B U S Ministry of Internal Security, which it says served as one of Hamas' main command and control centers, a military hideout used as a senior operatives' meeting place and a communications center.

TEL AVIV, Israel (AP) -- A bomb exploded aboard an Israeli bus near the nation's military headquarters in Tel Aviv on Wednesday, wounding 27 people, delivering a major blow to diplomatic efforts to forge a truce to end a week of fighting between Israel and Gaza's militant Hamas rulers. Thousands of Palestinians fled their homes in Gaza fearing Israeli airstrikes. Hours after the bus blast, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, who is shuttling across the region in truce talks, arrived in Cairo and met with Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi, who is mediating between Israel and Hamas to end the fighting that has killed more than 140 Palestinians and five Israelis. The blast, which left the bus charred and its windows blown out, was the first bombing in Tel Aviv since 2006. It appeared aimed at sparking Israeli fears of a return to the violence of the Palestinian uprising last decade, which killed more than 1,000 Israelis in bombings and shooting attacks and left more than 5,000 Palestinians dead as well. Hamas has carried dozens of suicide bombings that have killed hundreds of Israelis.

Huge clouds of black smoke rose above the Gaza City skyline on Wednesday as airstrikes pounded a Gaza City sports stadium, from which rockets have been fired at Israel in the past, and a high-rise office building housing Hamas-affiliated media offices, but also Agence France-Presse.

Israeli police officers examine a blown up bus at the site of a bombing in Tel Aviv. A bomb ripped through an Israeli bus near the nation's military headquarters in Tel Aviv

runs schools, shelters and food programs for hundreds of thousands of Palestinian refugees and their descendants in Gaza. The bus attack took place around noon on one of the coastal city's busiest arteries, near the Tel Aviv museum, the district courthouse and across from an entrance to Israel's national defense headquarters.

While Hamas did not take responsibility for the attack, it praised the bombing.

The blast was from a device placed inside the bus by a man who then got off, said Yitzhak Aharonovich, Israel's minister of internal security,

"We consider it a natural response to the occupation crimes and the ongoing massacres against civilians in the Gaza Strip," Hamas spokesman Fawzi Barhoum told The Associated Press.

He said the explosion took place while the bus was moving. Blood splattered the sidewalk at the site of the explosion, with glass scattered around.

Bassem Ezbidi, a West Bank political analyst, said it was unlikely Hamas itself was behind the attack, since it would not want to risk losing any of the international support it gained in recent days. "If Hamas wants to target civilians it would do so by firing rockets, but not by buses because such attacks left a negative record in the minds of people. Hamas doesn't need this now," he said. On the other hand, Hamas may be interested in signaling to Israel that a renewed bombing campaign is possible, particularly as thousands of Israeli ground troops massed on the Gaza border awaiting a possible invasion should cease-fire talks fail. A tiny militant group, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command, claimed responsibility for the bus bombing but offered no evidence to back up the claim. The Damascusbased group has few followers in the West Bank and Palestinian groups often claim attacks they haven't carried out. The Tel Aviv bombing came after a night of more than 30 Israeli airstrikes over Gaza that hit government ministries, smuggling tunnels, a banker's empty villa and a Hamas-linked media office. Some 10,000 Palestinians sought shelter in 12 U.N.-run schools, after Israel dropped leaflets urging residents to vacate their homes in some areas of Gaza to avoid being hit by airstrikes, said Adnan Abu Hassna, the U.N. Relief and Works Agency spokesman. The influx of displaced people came a day after the head of UNRWA, Filippo Grandi, warned that the agency urgently needed $12 million to continue distributing food to the neediest Gazans. The agency

"I was sitting in the middle of the bus. We were about to pull into a station and suddenly there was a huge explosion," said Yehuda Samarano, 59, from his hospital bed where he was being treated for shrapnel wounds to his chest and leg. "I flew from my seat. Everything became white and my ears are still ringing now." Police set up roadblocks across the city trying to apprehend the attacker. "We strongly believe that this was a terror attack," said police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld. He said three of the 27 wounded were moderately to seriously hurt. In Gaza, the bombing was praised from mosque loudspeakers, while Hamas' television station interviewed people praising the attack as a return of militants' trademark tactics. Clinton said the U.S. "strongly condemns" the bombing, which she called a "terrorist attack." Israel and Hamas had seemed on the brink of a truce deal Tuesday following a swirl of diplomatic activity also involving U.N. chief Ban Ki-moon and Egypt's Morsi. But sticking points could not be resolved as talks - and violence - stretched into the night. Clinton shuttled among the sides, meeting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Jerusalem Tuesday night, then Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas in the West Bank the next morning before heading to Cairo. After talks withC Clinton, the Egyptian president met with Ban. In overnight Gaza violence, at least four airstrikes within seconds of each other pulverized a complex of government ministries the size of a city block, rattling nearby buildings and shattering surrounding windows. Another strike leveled the empty, twostory home of a well-known banker in downtown Gaza City. "This is an injustice carried out by the Israelis," said the house's caretaker, Mohammed Samara. "There were no resistance fighters here. We want to live in peace. Our children want to live in peace. We want to live like people in the rest of the world." The Israeli military said its targets included the

AFP reporters said they evacuated their fourth-floor office Tuesday, after an initial strike targeted sixthfloor offices linked to Hamas and other smaller factions. A four-year-old boy was killed in the second attack on the high-rise Wednesday, according to Gaza health official Ashraf al-Kidra. The boy, AbdelRahman Naim, was in his family apartment in the building when he was struck by shrapnel and died on the way to Gaza's Shifa Hospital, al-Kidra said. The attacks brought to 144 the number of Palestinians killed since Israel launched its offensive on Nov. 14. Among the dead were 60 civilians, according to al-Kidra. Five Israelis have also been killed by Palestinian rocket fire, which continued unabated early Wednesday with dozens of rockets. Israel launched the offensive Nov. 14 following months of rocket salvoes from Gaza. It has battered the territory with more than 1,500 airstrikes. The militants hit back with more than 1,400 rocket attacks. The Israeli death toll has been relatively low because of a U.S.-funded rocket defense system that has shot down hundreds of Gaza projectiles. Washington blames Hamas rocket fire for the outbreak of violence and has backed Israel's right to defend itself, but has cautioned that an Israeli ground invasion could send casualties soaring. The U.S. considers Hamas, which has killed hundreds of Israelis in suicide and other attacks, to be a terror group and does not meet with its officials. Israeli media quoted Defense Minister Ehud Barak as telling a closed meeting that Israel wanted a truce to start with a 24-hour test period of no rocket fire to see if Hamas could enforce a truce among its forces and other Gaza militant groups. Palestinian officials briefed on the negotiations said Hamas wanted assurances of a comprehensive deal that included new arrangements for prying open Gaza's heavily restricted borders - and were resisting Israeli proposals for a phased agreement. Israel and Egypt slammed shut the border after the militant group seized the territory from Abbas in June 2007, hoping to disrupt Hamas rule. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to talk to the media.

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NEW ZEALAND VOLCANO ERUPTS; G R O U P O N D O Z E N S O F H I K E R S S A F E SHARES CLIMB AFTER HEDGE FUND BUYS A S T A K E NEW YORK (AP) -- Shares of Groupon Inc. added more than 10 percent Tuesday after a hedge fund said it bought a 9.9 percent stake in the battered online deals company. THE SPARK: Tiger Global Investments LP disclosed its purchase of 65 million shares in a securities filing on Monday. Tiger Global also owns a small stake in Facebook Inc.

In this photo released by the Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences (GNS) smoke billowing out of Te Maari crater on Mount Tongariro, New Zealand after a brief eruption Wednesday, Nov. 21, 2012. The New Zealand volcano erupted with a brief blast of dark ash Wednesday, canceling flights but causing no significant damage. Schoolchildren and dozens of other hikers who were walking on trails along the mountain's base were safe

WELLINGTON, New Zealand (AP) -- A New Zealand volcano erupted with a brief blast of dark ash Wednesday, canceling flights but causing no significant damage. Schoolchildren and dozens of other hikers who were walking on trails along the mountain's base were safe. The eruption of Mount Tongariro, its second in less than four months, sent a dark ash plume about 3 kilometers (1.9 miles) into the sky. Authorities issued a no-fly alert above the mountain located in the sparsely populated area of central North Island. National carrier Air New Zealand advised travelers that some of its flights could be delayed or canceled because of the eruption. Airline spokeswoman Brigitte Ransom said two flights had been canceled by midafternoon. The New Zealand Herald reported that about 100 middle-school students and teachers were safe after they were hiking on the Tongariro Track at the base of the volcano when it erupted. Dozens more adults hiking in the region were also uninjured. Tongariro National Park has three active volca-

noes, is a popular tourist destination and was the backdrop for many scenes in "The Lord of the Rings" movies. Civil defense authorities were advising people in the region to remain indoors and shut their windows to avoid the ash, which could be a health hazard. Tony Hurst, a volcanologist with GNS Science, said the eruption lasted about five minutes and was unexpected, although scientists had placed the volcano on a higher alert after it erupted in August for the first time in more than a century. Hurst said the dark ash indicated that magma pressure deep underground caused the eruption. A steam-driven eruption typically produces white ash. New Zealand lies on the Pacific Ocean's "Ring of Fire" and has frequent geothermal and seismic activity.NEW YORK (AP) -- Shares of Groupon Inc. added more than 10 percent Tuesday after a hedge fund said it bought a 9.9 percent stake in the battered online deals company.

BACKGROUND: Groupon Inc. pioneered the online daily deals market, offering subscribers deep discounts on everything from spa sessions to restaurant meals to toe fungus treatments. To expand its business, and in an attempt to distinguish itself from copycat online deals websites, Groupon has tried to establish itself as a local e-commerce company. It now also sells electronic gadgets and other goods. But its revenue growth rate has declined steadily since the company went public late last year, taking a toll on its shares. The purchase by Tiger Global is a sign that at least one big investor has confidence in the company. ANALYSIS: In a note to investors Monday before Tiger Global's stake was disclosed, Deutsche Bank analyst Ross Sandler said he's "warming up" to a possible upgrade of Groupon's stock, which he currently rates "Hold." The notion that "everything is imploding" at Groupon is wrong, he said. The company's North American business is "fairly stable" quarter-over-quarter, though growth slowed from a year ago, he said Still, the company's European business "is still several quarters from stabilization" and has "significant issues." STOCK ACTION: Chicago-based Groupon's stock rose 29 cents, or 9.5 percent, to $3.40 in afternoon trading. Groupon, which went public at $20 on Nov. 4, 2011, has ranged from $2.60 to $25.84 since. It has not traded above $10 since July.

D A R K M AT T E R D E T E C T O R N E A R I N G A C T I V A T I O N I N S D M I N E SIOUX FALLS, S.D. (AP) -- Scientists hoping to detect dark matter deep in a former South Dakota gold mine have taken the last major step before flipping the switch on their delicate experiment and say they may be ready to begin collecting data as early as February.

reverse osmosis filters to deionize and clean it. "The construction phase is winding down, and now we're starting the commissioning phase, meaning we start to operate the systems underground," said Jeremy Mock, a graduate student at the University of California, Davis who has worked on the LUX experiment for five years.

What's regarded as the world's most sensitive dark matter detector was lowered earlier this month into a 70,000gallon water tank nearly a mile beneath the earth's surface, shrouding it in enough insulation to hopefully isolate dark matter from the cosmic radiation that makes it impossible to detect above ground. And if all goes as planned, the data that begins flowing could answer age-old questions about the universe and its origins, scientists said Monday. "We might well uncover something fantastic," said Harry Nelson, a professor of physics at University of California, Santa Barbara and a principal investigator on the Large Underground Xenon experiment. "One thing about our field is that it's kind of brutal in that we know it's expensive and we work hard to only do experiments that are really important." This one hasn't been cheap, at about $10 million, but like the discovery of the Higgs boson - dubbed the "God particle" by some - earlier this year in Switzerland, the detection of dark matter would be a seismic occurrence in the scientific community. Scientists know dark matter exists by its gravitational pull but, unlike regular matter and antimatter, it's so far been undetectable. Regular matter accounts for about 4 percent of the universe's mass, and dark matter makes up

Carefully submerging the delicate detector into its final home - a water-filled vat that's 20 feet tall and 25 feet in diameter - took more than two months, Mock said.

In this July 31, 2012 photo provided by Sanford Lab researchers work on the top floor of the Large Underground Xenon experiment at a shuttered gold mine in Lead, S.D. The experiment, known as LUX, could begin collecting data on dark matter as early as February _ and, if all goes as planned, that data could answer age-old questions about the universe and its origins,

about 25 percent. The rest is dark energy, which is also a mystery. The search in South Dakota began in 2003 after the Homestake Gold Mine in the Black Hills' Lead, S.D., shuttered for good. Scientists called dibs on the site, and in July, after years of fundraising and planning, the LUX detector moved into the Sanford Underground Research Facility, 4,850 feet below the earth's surface. It took two days to ease the phone booth-sized detector down the once-filthy shaft and walkways that originally opened for mining in 1876 during the Black Hills Gold Rush. There, the device was further insulated from cosmic radiation by being submerged in water that's run through

Scientists are currently working to finish the plumbing needed to keep the xenon as clean as possible. The xenon, in both liquid and gas form, will fill the detector and be continuously circulated through a purifier that works much like a dialysis machine, pulling the substance out to remove impurities before pushing it back into the detector. Keeping the water and xenon pristine will help remove what Nelson called "fake sources" - or stuff that scientists have seen before, such as radiation, that could serve as false alarms in their efforts to detect dark matter. Nelson likens the experiment to Sherlock Holmes' approach to discovering the unknown by eliminating the known. Once the data start to flow, it'll take a month or two before the detector is sensitive enough to claim the "most-sensitive" title, Nelson said. After that, the scientists involved hope to start seeing what they covet most: something they've never seen before.


The Legal Street News Nov. 19