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In The News This Week UN SAYS 200,000 HAVE FLED ALEPPO FIGHTING 200,000 Syrians have fled the embattled city of Aleppo since intense clashes between regime forces and rebels began 10 days ago. Page 1

Volume 731 Issue 31

Established 1998

July 30, 2012

U N S A Y S 2 0 0 , 0 0 0 H A V E F L E D ALEPPO FIGHTI N G

IPHONE APPEAL DIMS AS SAMSUNG SHINES The pace of iPhone sales has slowed, Apple revealed last week Part of the problem is that the competition has found a formula that works Page 2

ROMNEY COMMENTS AT FUNDRAISER OUTRAGE PALESTINIANS His comments were racist and out of touch with the realities of the Middle East. Page 3

FLORIDA ACCIDENT STATISTICS Accident Statistics from Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles. Page 4

FLORIDA ACCIDENT REPORTS This Weeks Accident Reports from Various countys in Florida. Page 5

1970S NY GRAFFITI ARTISTS STILL HAVE URGE TO TAG kids who spray-painted their initials all over Manhattan in the 1970s are coming of age middle age, that is. Page 6

IRAN SENTENCES 4 TO DEATH IN $2.6B FRAUD CASE An Iranian court has sentenced four people to death and given two more life sentences on charges linked to a $2.6 billion bank fraud described as the biggest financial scam in the country's history, Page 7

NASA TO ATHLETIC MARS ROVER: 'STICK THE LANDING' Scientists and engineers will be waiting anxiously 154 million miles away as the spacecraft plunges through Mars' thin atmosphere, and in a new twist, attempts to slowly lower the rover to the bottom of a crater with cables Page 8

IPHONE APPEAL DIMS . (continued from page 2) Samsung times its product launches to take maximum advantage of the lull in iPhone sales that usually precedes the launch of a new model. The S II Page 8

BEIRUT (AP) — The U.N. said 200,000 Syrians have fled the embattled city of Aleppo since intense clashes between regime forces and rebels began 10 days ago. The government forces turned mortars, tank and helicopter gunships against rebel positions Monday, pressing ahead with a counter-offensive to wrest back control of neighborhoods taken by rebels in Syria's largest city and commercial hub. "I am extremely concerned by the impact of shelling and use of tanks and other heavy weapons on people in Aleppo," Valerie Amos, the top U.N. official for humanitarian affairs, said in a statement late Sunday. "Many people have sought temporary shelter in schools and other public buildings in safer areas," she added. "They urgently need food, mattresses and blankets, hygiene supplies and drinking water." Amos said U.N. agencies and the Syrian Red Crescent are working together on supplying those affected by the fighting all over the country with blankets and humanitarian supplies, but many remain out of their reach because of the combat. "It is not known how many people remain trapped in places where fighting continues today," she warned. Aleppo is Syria's largest city and commercial hub with about 3 million inhabitants. Fleeing residents have described to The Associated Press incessant shelling, shortages of food and gasoline and soaring black market prices for everyday staples. They scurry through streets against a backdrop of gunfire and climbed onto any form of transportation available to escape, including trucks, cars and even heavily laden motorcycles.

U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said late Sunday that the use of heavy weapons, particularly helicopters, is just another nail in President Bashar Assad's coffin. He spoke during a stopover in Tunisia as he kicked off a Mideast tour expected to focus heavily on the unfolding crisis in Syria. Syrian state media reported late Sunday that the army had "purged" Aleppo's southwestern neighborhood of Salaheddine and inflicted "great losses" upon the rebels in one of the first districts they took control of in their bid to seize the city. Activists, however, disputed these claims and just described another day of fierce shelling of certain areas, backed up by the occasional foray on the ground. "They have tanks in nearby Hamdaniya and there is fighting, and there have been random bombardments of Salaheddine," said Mohammed Saeed, who is based in the embattled city. While giving no indication that the Obama administration is contemplating military intervention, Panetta said it is increasingly clear that the Syrian crisis is deepening and that Assad is hastening his own demise. "If they continue this kind of tragic attack on their own people, ... I think it ultimately will be a nail in Assad's coffin," Panetta told reporters traveling with him from Washington. "His regime is coming to an end." The Syrian regime has been plagued by a string of defections, including three high-ranking diplomats and several military commanders. On Monday, a Turkish official said a Syrian brigadier general who was deputy chief of

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In this April 19, 2011 file photo, Samsung Electronics' Galaxy S, left, and Apple's iPhone 4 are displayed at a mobile phone shop in Seoul, South Korea. Two tech titans are squaring off in federal court Monday in a closely watched trial over control of the worldwide smart phone and computer tablet markets. Apple Inc. filed a lawsuit against Samsung Electronics Co. last year alleging the world’s largest technology company’s smart phones and computer tablets are illegal knockoffs. Samsung countered that it’s Apple that is doing the stealing and, besides, some of the technology at issue such as the rounded rectangular designs of smart phones have been industry standards for years.

NEW YORK (AP) -- The latest iPhone looks much the same as the first iPhone, which came out more than five years ago. That hasn't been a problem for Apple - until, now. The pace of iPhone sales has slowed, Apple revealed last week. Part of the problem is that the competition has found a formula that works: thinner phones with big screens that make the iPhone look small and chubby. For a dose of smartphone envy, iPhone owners need to look no further than Samsung Electronics Co., the number-one maker of smartphones in the world. Its newest flagship phone, the Galaxy S III, is sleek and wafer-thin. By comparison, the iPhone "is getting a bit long in the tooth," says Ramon Llamas, an analyst with research firm IDC. Apple has become the world's most valuable company on the back of the iPhone, which makes up nearly half of its revenue. IPhone sales are still growing, but the question of how fast they're growing is of keen interest to investors. The iPhone certainly has room to grow: only one in six smartphones sold global-

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ly in the second quarter had an Apple logo on its back. When Apple reported financial results for its latest quarter last week, a new phenomenon was revealed: Buyers started pulling back on iPhone purchases just six months after the launch of the latest iPhone model. Apple executives blamed the tepid sales on "rumors and speculation" that may have caused some consumers to wait for the next iPhone, which is due in the fall. But in the past, iPhone sales have stayed strong nine months after the new model is launched, then dipped as people began holding off, waiting for the new model. In the April to June period, Apple sold 26 million phones, 28 percent more than it did in the same quarter last year. Most other phone makers "would kill" for those numbers, says Stephen Baker, an analyst with research firm NPD Group. The exception is Samsung, which has solidified its position at the world's largest maker of smartphones. Analysts believe it made just over

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ROMNEY COMMENTS AT FUNDRAISER O U T R A G E P A L E S T I N I A N S JERUSALEM (AP) -- Mitt Romney told Jewish donors Monday that their culture is part of what has allowed them to be more economically successful than the Palestinians, outraging Palestinian leaders who suggested his comments were racist and out of touch with the realities of the Middle East. His campaign later said his remarks were mischaracterized. "As you come here and you see the GDP per capita, for instance, in Israel which is about $21,000 dollars, and compare that with the GDP per capita just across the areas managed by the Palestinian Authority, which is more like $10,000 per capita, you notice such a dramatically stark difference in economic vitality," the Republican presidential candidate told about 40 wealthy donors who ate breakfast at the luxurious King David Hotel. Romney said some economic histories have theorized that "culture makes all the difference." "And as I come here and I look out over this city and consider the accomplishments of the people of this nation, I recognize the power of at least culture and a few other things," Romney said, citing an innovative business climate, the Jewish history of thriving in difficult circumstances and the "hand of providence." He said similar disparity exists between neighboring countries, like Mexico and the United States.

The breakfast with top donors - including Adelson, New York Jets owner Woody Johnson and hedge fund manager Paul Singer - concluded Romney's visit to Israel, the second leg of a three-nation overseas tour designed to bolster his foreign policy credentials. Standing on Israeli soil for the first time as the GOP's presumptive presidential nominee, Romney on Sunday declared Jerusalem to be the capital of Israel and said the U.S. has promised never to "look away from our passion and commitment to Israel." The status of Jerusalem is a critical issue in peace talks between the Israelis and the Palestinians. the accomplishment of the people here," Romney said, before citing another book, "The Wealth and Poverty of Nations," by former Harvard professor David Landes. This book, Romney said in Jerusalem, concludes that "if you could learn anything from the economic history of the world it's this: Culture makes all the difference. Culture makes all the difference."

Palestinian reaction to Romney was swift and pointed.

The economic disparity between the Israelis and the Palestinians is actually much greater than Romney stated. Israel had a per capita gross domestic product of about $31,000 in 2011, while the West Bank and Gaza had a per capita GDP of just over $1,500, according to the World Bank.

"It is a racist statement and this man doesn't realize that the Palestinian economy cannot reach its potential because there is an Israeli occupation," said Saeb Erekat, a senior aide to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.

Romney, seated next to billionaire casino owner Sheldon Adelson at the head of the table, told donors that he had read books and relied on his own business experience to understand why the difference is so great.

"It seems to me this man lacks information, knowledge, vision and understanding of this region and its people," Erekat added. "He also lacks knowledge about the Israelis themselves. I have not heard any Israeli official speak about cultural superiority."

His comparison of the two economies did not take into account the stifling effect the Israeli occupation has had on the Palestinian economy in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and east Jerusalem - areas Israel captured in 1967 where the Palestinians hope to establish a state.

As criticism mounted while Romney traveled to Poland, campaign spokeswoman Andrea Saul said: "His comments were grossly mischaracterized." The Republican's campaign contends Romney's comparison of countries that are close to each other and have wide income disparities - the U.S. and Mexico, Chile and Ecuador - shows his comments were broader than just the comparison between Israel and Palestine.

In the West Bank, Palestinians have only limited self-rule. Israel controls all border crossings in and out of the territory, and continues to restrict Palestinian trade and movement. Israel annexed east Jerusalem in 1967, but has invested much less heavily there than in Jewish west Jerusalem.

While speaking to U.S. audiences, Romney often highlights culture as a key to economic success and emphasizes the power of the American entrepreneurial spirit compared to the values of other countries. But his decision to highlight cultural differences in a region where such differences have helped fuel violence for generations raises new questions about the former businessman's diplomacy skills. As he has at home, Romney in Jerusalem cited a book titled, "Guns, Germs and Steel," that suggests the physical characteristics of the land account for the differences in the success of the people that live there. "And you look at Israel and you say you have a hard time suggesting that all of the natural resources on the land could account for all

And although Israel withdrew from the Gaza Strip in 2005, it continues to control access and has enforced a crippling border blockade since the Islamic militant Hamas seized the territory in 2007. It's true that Israel has logged tremendous achievements, said Abraham Diskin, a political science professor at the Inter-Disciplinary Center outside of Tel Aviv. But "you can understand this remark in several ways," he added. "You can say it's anti-Semitic. `Jews and money.'" The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund repeatedly have said that the Palestinian economy can only grow if Israel lifts those restrictions. "It's Israeli occupiers and Palestinians under occupation, and that's why Palestinians cannot realize their potential," Erekat said.

In Israel, Romney did not meet with Abbas or visit the West Bank. He met briefly with Palestinian Prime Minister Salam Fayyad. Romney's campaign says the trip, which began in England last week, is aimed at improving the former Massachusetts governor's foreign policy experience through a series of meetings with foreign leaders. The candidate has largely avoided direct criticism of U.S. President Barack Obama while on foreign soil. The Jerusalem fundraiser, however, was a political event that raised more than $1 million for Romney's campaign. It marks at least the second finance event during his tour. The first, in London, attracted about 250 people to a $2,500-per-person fundraiser. Both presidential candidates have aggressively courted American donors living abroad, a practice that is legal and has been used for decades. Romney's declaration that Jerusalem is Israel's capital was in keeping with claims made by Israeli governments for decades, even though the United States, like other nations, maintains its embassy in Tel Aviv. His remarks on the subject during a speech drew a standing ovation from the audience, which included Adelson, the American businessman who has promised to donate more than $100 million to help defeat Obama. Adelson was among a several donors who flew to Israel for a day of sightseeing with Romney in addition to private meetings with top Israeli officials. Romney flew to the Middle East from Britain, where he caused a stir by questioning whether officials there were fully prepared for the Olympic Games. A stop in Poland will complete his trip. Four years ago, Obama visited Israel as a presidential candidate, part of a five-nation trip meant to establish his own foreign policy credentials. A goal of Romney's overseas trip is to demonstrate his confidence on the world stage, but the stop in Israel also was designed to appeal to evangelical voters at home and cut into Obama's support among Jewish voters and donors. A Gallup survey of Jewish voters released Friday showed Obama with a 68-25 edge over Romney. Romney and other Republicans have said Obama is insufficiently supportive of Israel.


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Legal Street News Monday July 30, 2012 ___________________________________________________________

F L O R I D A

A C C I D E N T

S T A T I S T I C S

Data From the Official Website of the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles. www.flhsmv.gov

Motorcyclists and Bicyclists Injured

HANDICAP PERMITS Broke your leg? Had Surgery? A new state law enables you to get a 90-day temporary permit to use handicapped parking spaces. The cost is $15.00 from county tag office locations, and the permit hangs from the rear-view mirror so it will be clearly visible through the windshield. Applicants must have a physician’s statement attesting to their disability. For more information, visit or call your county tag office.


TH I S W E E K

__________________________________________Legal Street News Monday, July 30, 2012

AUTO ACCIDENTS

5

IN SOUTH FLORIDA

Crash blocks 5 lanes northbound I-95

Debris on I-95, Oakland Park

Interstate 95 in West Palm Beach blocked after crash

July 26, 2012

July 28, 2012

July 29, 2012

South Florida commuters are finding dry roads for the peak of the morning rush on Monday.

Four lanes of southbound Interstate 95 are blocked in West Palm Beach because of a crash. At least three vehicles were involved just south of Palm Beach Lakes Boulevard about 10:30 a.m.

The northbound lanes of Interstate 95 were experiencing heavy delays through Fort Lauderdale Tuesday afternoon. A crash near Oakland Park Boulevard that was reported shortly after 12:30 p.m. was intially blocking five northbound travel lanes. The multi-vehicle crash was reported shortly after 12:30 p.m. By 1:30 p.m. most of the travel lanes were reopening but considerable delays remained in place.

St. Augustine Beach man dies in crash near I-95 in Volusia County July 26, 2012 Florida Highway Patrol has released the name of the St. Augustine Beach man killed in the singlecar crash near Interstate 95 in Volusia County this afternoon. Investigators say, Hallman, 41, was on Beville Road merging onto the I-95 entrance ramp at about 3:45 p.m. when he lost control of his 2003 Ford pickup truck. The truck flipped over several times and Hallman, who was not wearing a seat belt, was ejected from the vehicle. Hallman died on scene. There was one other passenger in the truck at the time of the crash. Robert Thornton, 43, was wearing a seat belt. He survived the crash and was taken to Halifax Medical Center with serious injuries.

Man arrested on hit-andrun charges in fatal motorcycle crash July 27, 2012 A Lake Mary doctor was arrested on hit-and-run charges after he hit a motorcyclist in Volusia County and then left the scene, authorities said. The Florida Highway Patrol said Dr. Kevin Wynne hit 50-year-old Sabra Vocaturo with his SUV in February on State Road 415 and never stopped to help. Vocaturo was thrown from her bike into oncoming traffic. Authorities said two drivers ran over Vocaturo. They stopped to help but told officers there was nothing they could do. Wynne was arrested at his Heathrow home on Thursday by the Florida Highway Patrol. His lawyer contacted FHP the day after the crash, telling them where to find Wynne's Infiniti SUV, which had a part missing.

Among the incidents and crashes being reported through the region by the Florida Highway Patrol and Florida Department of Transportation: 8:19 a.m., hit-and-run crash on southbound I-95 near the entrance ramp to Commercial Boulevard in Oakland Park; Tire debris reported in the left land of I-95 after Commercial Boulevard in Oakland Park; 8:02 a.m., crash on the northbound State Road 7 ramp to I-95 inFort Lauderdale;

truck crashes into passenger bus on I-75 0ne man dead, one injured July 28, 2012 One person was left in critical condition after a crash on Interstate 75 in Sumter County involving a bus carrying 27 people and a truck. The Florida Highway Patrol said it happened around 7:30 p.m. in the northbound lanes of I-75 near mile marker 333. Troopers said the passenger bus was heading for Mexico from Lake Wales when it slowed down for congested traffic. That’s when officials say the bus was hit from behind by a truck. That truck went down an embankment, spun around and hit some small trees before finally stopping, according to FHP. A passenger in the truck was taken to Orlando Regional Medical Center with critical injuries. The two other drivers and the 27 passengers on the bus were not injured.

Man thrown from SUV, killed in Brevard crash

WPBF 25 News has learned at least one person had to be extricated. Traffic is backed up past the Palm Beach Lakes Boulevard exit as a result Read more: http://www.wpbf.com/news/south-florida/Palm-Beach-County-News/Southbound-lanesof-Interstate-95-in-West-Palm-Beach-blocked-aftercrash/-/8815578/15117892/-/l9u09j//index.html#ixzz1y59jZZO8

Southbound lanes of Interstate 95 in West Palm July 29, 2012 Four lanes of southbound Interstate 95 are blocked in West Palm Beach because of a crash. At least three vehicles were involved just south of Palm Beach Lakes Boulevard about 10:30 a.m. WPBF 25 News has learned at least one person had to be extricated. Traffic is backed up past the Palm Beach Lakes Boulevard exit as a result.

Man Killed In Pompano Beach Car Crash July 29, 2012 Investigators said a man was killed when a car ran off the Florida's Turnpike in Pompano Beach and flipped into a ditch next to a landfill. State troopers said an employee at Monarch Hill Landfill discovered the grisly scene at about 8:30 a.m. and called 911.

July 28, 2012 A Cocoa man was killed Saturday evening when he was thrown from an SUV in a single-vehicle crash. Dalton Cook, 26, was a passenger in a 2000 Toyota SUV driven by 28-year-old James Walker, also of Cocoa. According to the Florida Highway Patrol, Walker was driving south on Grissom Parkway at about 6 p.m. when he failed to negotiate a curve. He overcorrected, sending the vehicle into the northbound lane. The SUV overturned as Walker tried to return to the southbound lane.

Wynne is being held on $50,000 bail.

Crash, Boca Raton July 28, 2012 The vehicle crashed into wall that leads into the development causing major structure damage. The demolished wall blocked traffic heading west for several hours. He says parts of the damaged vehicle were found at the scene like a headlight which shows the vehicle appears to be a 2011 Dodge Durango.

Two lanes shut on NB I-95

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A crash on northbound Interstate 95 south of Northwest 79th Street in Miami-Dade is blocking two regular lanes.

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1 9 7 0 S N Y G R A F F I T I A R T I S T S S T I L L H A V E U R G E T O T A G NEW YORK (AP) -- In torn jeans and saddled with a black backpack, Andrew Witten glances up and down the street for police. The 51-year-old then whips out a black marker scribbles "Zephyr" on a wall covered with movie posters. He admires his work for a few seconds before his tattooed arms reach for his daughter, holding her hand as he briskly walks away. Witten and a generation of urban latchkey kids who spray-painted their initials all over Manhattan in the 1970s and `80s and landed in the city's street art scene are coming of age middle age, that is.

And like Witten, a 51-year-old single father, some street artists considered now to be graffiti elders are having trouble putting away their spray paint cans. As Witten says, "I'm ready. I could go tonight." "I'm chronologically old to be out there doing it," Witten admits with a playful smile. "I'm sure I can't run quite as fast." Witten built a reputation as a master at spray-painting extravagant graffiti pieces on freight and subway trains, called train-bombing, in the neighborhoods where he now teaches his 6-year-old daughter, Lulu, to skateboard. For him, spray-painting other people's property with his nickname, or tag, is almost an addiction, and danger is part of the drug. Crawling under barbed wire, ducking from police officers, even being shot at is all part of the experience. But with an artist's heart, Witten describes painting graffiti in more poetic terms. He calls it a freeing experience, in which the silence of night gives way to the hiss and mist of the spray rising into the moonlight. Angel Ortiz recently served 41 days of a 50day sentence in the Rikers Island jail system after being busted for spraying his tag, LA Roc, on a billboard in March of last year. For decades, Ortiz, 45, has been known on Manhattan's Lower East Side as LA II. A traumatic loss of a girlfriend brought him out of a 14-year hiatus from graffiti writing. He has since been caught three times spraying his tag on property, each time while walking a friend's dog. "Everywhere that dog stopped to pee I would write my name," Ortiz says. "The streets

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were like my canvases. I just started writing my name everywhere."

trains. Police also aggressively cracked down on graffiti in the `80s and `90s.

When a pair of police officers smelled the fresh paint and nabbed Ortiz, they asked if he saw himself as too old to be doing graffiti. But even now, Ortiz keeps a spray can or marker in his pocket to satisfy that incessant itch to tag mailboxes, signs and fire hydrants.

"The whole scene has evolved to something beyond just writing your name," Chalfant points out. "Artists are making comments about culture, about society. It's a personal vision of an artist."

Ortiz often recalls those golden days in the `80s, when graffiti became the focal point of the counterculture art world and he partied with Madonna and Andy Warhol. He still lives in the neighborhood where a young art school dropout named Keith Haring showed up at his doorstep in cutoff jeans and glasses asking about his tagging style. Graffiti documentarian and photographer Henry Chalfant looks back at Ortiz's heyday as a revolutionary time period in street art. "The culture is gone really," Chalfant says. "The culture that was alive in the `70s and `80s doesn't exist anymore." Artists gleaned the raw style off street kids, while tunnel-hopping graffiti writers honed in on their artistic abilities to be commercially successful. It was a time when graffiti tagging exploded into battles over the artists who could produce the most visually edgy, elaborate murals in the most dangerous, inaccessible places without getting caught.

Ortiz now spends his days painting, peddling his art to galleries and buyers. He never quite rose to the level of fame as some of his graffiti counterparts, and the appetite for graffiti art has diminished in the U.S. art world. Long past Haring's death, Ortiz claims he rarely gets credit for the collaborations he and Haring did together, although his LA Roc tags are displayed on numerous Haring pieces. Witten's brush with fame now often comes with his freelance art writing and his sporadic visits to his daughter's school, where he teaches her classmates how to draw. Lulu knows her father draws "crazy art," a term she picked up from seeing graffiti on trains. From time to time, the thought of spending a few hours in a deserted freight yard still crosses Witten's mind. Taking into consideration his daughter, he won't admit if he still train-bombs. But he won't say he doesn't, either. "I'll decide when I'm too old," he says. "Fortunately, there's no forced retirement in graffiti."

Chalfant says change came when the Metropolitan Transportation Authority took over the New York regional train system and manufacturers started to build paint-resistant

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I R A N S E N T E N C E S 4 TO D E AT H I N $ 2 . 6 B F R A U D C A S E

TEHRAN, Iran (AP) -- An Iranian court has sentenced four people to death and given two more life sentences on charges linked to a $2.6 billion bank fraud described as the biggest financial scam in the country's history, an official said Monday.

The official IRNA news agency gave no names at all for most of the other defendants in the Revolutionary Court, which deals with cases involving security and organized crime. The report did not say when the verdicts were issued.

The trial, which began in February, involved some of the country's largest financial institutions and raised uncomfortable questions about corruption at senior levels in Iran's tightly controlled economy.

The report quoted state prosecutor Gholam Hossein Mohseni Ejehei as saying a total of 39 defendants received sentences, including four death sentences, two life terms and the rest of up to 25 years in prison. He said officials including deputy ministers in the government were among those sentenced, but did not identify any of them.

But few specific details have been released, possibly to avoid exposing too much internal scandal while Iran's leaders seek to assure the country it can ride out tightening sanctions over Tehran's nuclear program. Prosecutors have only referred to the linchpin defendant by a nickname and have provided just general information about his purported business empire. The main charges included using forged documents to get credit at one of Iran's top bank to purchase assets, including major state-owned companies.

The main defendant, referred to by a nickname "Amir Mansour Aria," was among those charged with a potential capital offense. In February, state TV said he was accused of being "corrupt on earth," an Iranian legal term that means that the defendant is an enemy of God, and which in practice is a catch-all term for a variety of offenses. The charge carries the death penalty.

A L E P P O F I G H T I N G

Aria pleaded not guilty, but acknowledged that he has violated some laws, the Iranian media said.

Continued from page 1 police in the Latakia region had defected. He was among a group of 12 Syrian officers who crossed into Turkey late Sunday, the official said, speaking on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak to reporters. His defection raised to 28 the number of generals who have left for Turkey since the start of the 17-month-old uprising. But Syria's army remains mostly intact and still vastly outguns the rebel forces, who are armed for the most part with assault rifles and machine guns and don't have the heavy weapons necessary to effectively oppose tanks and helicopter gunships. The government reinforced its troops outside Aleppo and began an assault over the weekend to retake the city, bombarding rebel neighborhoods and leaving streets littered with rubble and empty apartment blocks with gaping smashed windows, according to videos of the city posted online in recent days.

The indictment described Aria as head of the Aria Investment Development Co. It said the owners used "incorrect connections with executive and political elements" to accrue wealth. "Dozens of instances of bribe payments to staff and managers of banks have taken place under various titles," it said. Ejehei said the sentences are appealable. By law the convicted have 20 days to appeal. Meanwhile, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and his hardline rivals traded blows in their political power struggle. A court stripped one presidential ally of his job while officials in Ahmadinejad's government brought charges against the brother of one of his prominent critics, the speaker of parliament. Ahmadinejad has faced more than a year of withering political attacks after challenging Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei over the selection of the intelli-

gence minister. Dozens of Ahmadinejad's allies have been arrested or driven from power by backers of Khamenei, and Ahmadinejad has been left severely weakened with less than a year left in his second and final term. Ahmadinejad was once the favored son of Iran's theocracy, but his defiance of Khamenei was considered to be a rebellion against the supremacy of the clergy and the president's conservative allies turned on him. He still retains a following among Iran's working classes and rural poor who see the ruling clerics as aloof and out of touch. In the latest twist, a court stripped one of Ahmadinejad's top appointees of his job after claims he was linked to the deaths of anti-government protesters, the IRNA news agency said. The ruling against Saeed Mortazavi, head of Iran's social security organization, followed a suit filed by a group of antiAhmadinejad lawmakers. In 2010, a parliamentary probe found Mortazavi - then chief Tehran prosecutor responsible for the deaths by torture of at least three anti-government protesters who were in custody. Angry lawmakers in April threatened to impeach the country's labor minister, who appointed Mortazavi, over the case. In a separate report, IRNA said Javad Larijani - the brother of both the country's parliament speaker and its powerful judiciary chief - came under investigation over allegations he illegally took control of protected land. Tehran's chief prosecutor Alireza Avaei was quoted as saying that a court is studying the allegations. The claims were filed by the government agency in charge of natural resources. The Larijani family are prominent critics of Ahmadinejad. Larijani's brother Sadegh heads the judiciary and another brother, Ali, is parliament speaker. Javad leads the judiciary's human rights council. No date has been set for a hearing.


8

Legal Street News Monday, July 30, 2012 ___________________________________________________________

NASA TO ATHLETIC MARS ROVER: ' S T I C K T H E L A N D I N G ' PASADENA, Calif. (AP) -- It's NASA's most ambitious and expensive Mars mission yet - and it begins with the red planet arrival late Sunday of the smartest interplanetary rover ever built. Also the most athletic. Like an Olympic gymnast, it needs to "stick the landing." It won't be easy. The complicated touchdown NASA designed for the Curiosity rover is so risky it's been described as "seven minutes of terror" - the time it takes to go from 13,000 mph to a complete stop. Scientists and engineers will be waiting anxiously 154 million miles away as the spacecraft plunges through Mars' thin atmosphere, and in a new twist, attempts to slowly lower the rover to the bottom of a crater with cables. By the time Earthlings receive first word of its fate, it will have planted six wheels on the ground - or tumbled itself into a metal graveyard. If it succeeds, a video camera aboard the rover will have captured the most dramatic minutes for the first filming of a landing on another planet. "It would be a major technological step forward if it works. It's a big gamble," said American University space policy analyst Howard McCurdy. The future direction of Mars exploration is hanging on the outcome of this $2.5 billion science project to determine whether the environment was once suitable for microbes to live. Previous missions have found ice and signs that water once flowed. Curiosity will drill into rocks and soil in search of carbon and other elements. Named for the Roman god of war, Mars is unforgiving with a hostile history of swallowing man-made spacecraft. It's tough to fly there and even tougher to touch down. More than half of humanity's attempts to land on Mars have ended in disaster. Only the U.S. has tasted success, but there's no guarantee this time. "You've done everything that you can think of to ensure mission success, but Mars can still throw you a curve," said former NASA Mars czar Scott Hubbard who now teaches at Stanford University. The Mini Cooper-sized spacecraft traveled 8 1/2 months to reach Mars. In a sort of celestial acrobatics, Curiosity will twist, turn and perform other maneuvers throughout the seven-minute thrill ride to the surface. Why is NASA attempting such a daredevil move? It had little choice. Earlier spacecraft dropped to the Martian surface like a rock, swaddled in airbags, and bounced to a stop. Such was the case with the much smaller and lighter rovers Spirit and Opportunity in 2004. At nearly 2,000 pounds, Curiosity is too heavy, so engineers had to come up with a new way to land. Friction

I P H O N E Continued from page 2 50 million smartphones in the second quarter, or nearly twice as many as Apple. (The company doesn't release specific figures.) Its smartphone sales have nearly tripled in a year. Most of Samsung's sales comprise cheaper smartphones that don't compete directly with the iPhone. Its flagship phones, though, have emerged as the iPhone's chief rivals. Samsung and Apple have a complicated relationship. They're rivals in the smartphone and tablet-computer markets, and are set to square off in a high-profile trial over mobile patents in San Francisco this week. Samsung is one of Apple's largest suppliers of chips and displays, and Apple is one of Samsung's largest clients. Though Apple is known as a relentless innovator, the iPhone's screen has been the same size - 3.5 inches on the diagonal - since the first iPhone came out. It was a big screen for the time, but among the competition, screen sizes have crept up. Samsung has increased the screen size of its Galaxy series with every model since it debuted in 2010. The Galaxy S had a screen that measured 4 inches diagonally, and was followed by the S II, at 4.3 inches. The S III, the latest model, measures 4.8 inches. The screen is near-

near the bottom of the mountain. During its two-year exploration, the plutonium-powered Curiosity will climb the lower mountain flanks to probe the deposits. As sophisticated as the rover is, it cannot search for life. Instead, it carries a toolbox including a power drill, rock-zapping laser and mobile chemistry lab to sniff for organic compounds, considered the chemical building blocks of life. It also has cameras to take panoramic photos. Humans have been mesmerized by the fourth rock from the sun since the 19th century when American astronomer Percival This artists rendering provided by NASA shows the Mars Rover, Curiosity. After traveling 8 Lowell, peering through a tele1/2 months and 352 million miles, Curiosity will attempt a landing on Mars the night of Aug. scope, theorized that intelligent 5, 2012. (AP Photo/NASA) beings carved what looked like from the thin atmosphere isn't enough to slow down the irrigation canals. Scientists now think that if life existed on spacecraft without some help. Mars - a big if - it would be in the form of microbes. During its fiery plunge, Curiosity brakes by executing Curiosity will explore whether the crater ever had the a series of S-curves - similar to how the space shuttle reright environment for microorganisms to take hold. entered Earth's atmosphere. At 900 mph, it unfurls its huge Even before landing, it got busy taking radiation readparachute. It then sheds the heat shield that took the brunt ings in space during its 352-million-mile cruise - informaof the atmospheric friction and switches on its ground-senstion that should help its handlers back home determine the ing radar. radiation risk to astronauts who eventually travel to the red A mile from the surface, Curiosity jettisons the paraplanet. chute and fires up its rocket-powered backpack to slow it Curiosity's journey has been fraught with bumps. down until it hovers. Cables unspool from the backpack Since NASA had never built such a complicated machine and slowly lower the rover - at less than 2 mph. The cables before, work took longer than expected and costs soared. keep the rocket engines from getting too close and kicking Curiosity was supposed to launch in 2009 and land in 2010, up dust. but the mission - already $1 billion over budget - was Once the rover senses touchdown, the cords are cut. pushed back two years. Even if the intricate choreography goes according to The delay created a cascade. Burdened with budget script, a freak dust storm, sudden gust of wind or other woes, NASA reneged on a partnership with the European problem can mar the landing. Space Agency to land a drill-toting spacecraft in 2018. The "The degree of difficulty is above a 10," said Adam space agency is in the midst of revamping its Mars exploSteltzner, an engineer at NASA's Jet Propulsion ration program that will hinge heavily on whether Curiosity Laboratory, which manages the mission. succeeds. It takes 14 minutes for radio signals on Mars to travel The extra time allowed engineers to test and re-test the to Earth. The lag means Curiosity will already be alive or rover and all its parts, taking a spacecraft stunt double to the dead by the time mission control finds out. Mojave Desert as if it were Mars. For the past several The rover's landing target is Gale Crater near the months, engineers held dress rehearsals at the sprawling Martian equator. It's an ancient depression about the size of JPL campus 10 miles northeast of downtown Los Angeles Connecticut and Rhode Island combined with a 3-mile-high in anticipation of landing day when they will carry on a mountain rising from the center of the crater floor. decades-old tradition of passing out "good luck" peanuts. Scientists know Gale was once waterlogged. Images Practice is over. It's show time. To Mars or bust from space reveal mineral signatures of clays and sulfate salts, which form in the presence of water, in older layers

A P P E A L ly twice as large as the iPhone's. Yet the Galaxy is thinner and lighter than an iPhone. Samsung has also achieved surprising success with an even bigger phone, the Samsung Galaxy Note. Its 5.3-inch screen makes it somewhat awkward to hold to the ear, but customers don't seem to mind, or perhaps they value the large screen and included stylus more. Aside from design, Apple is inflexible in another way: by releasing a new phone only one per year, it lets the competition create new phones with features the iPhone doesn't have and lets them go unchallenged, at least until the new iPhone comes out. "Apple's schedule leaves the other ten or nine months of the year wide open for everybody else," says Llamas. For instance, the newest Samsung phones can use the latest high-speed data networks in the U.S., and talk to payment terminals in stores, so they can act as smart "credit cards." Samsung times its product launches to take maximum advantage of the lull in iPhone sales that usually precedes the launch of a new model. The S III went on sale in Europe in May and in the U.S. in June. The rest of the competition is in disarray, and hasn't been able to capitalize in the same way on Apple's rigid release schedule and con-

D I M S

servative design. Nokia Corp., until recently the world's largest phone maker, is in sharp retreat and is conducting a complete revamp of its smartphones. Research In Motion Ltd. is stuck with outdated software for its BlackBerrys at least until it launches a new operating system next year. HTC Corp. of Taiwan is suffering from marketing missteps in the last few years. LG Electronics, another Korean company, hasn't been able to keep up with Samsung when it comes to high-end phones, or with cheaper manufacturers on the low end. Together, Samsung and Apple make half of the world's smartphones, and since competitors are losing money or breaking even, account for nearly all of the profits in the industry. "Samsung is the only company that didn't really buckle under the weight of the iPhone 4S. Good, solid devices and good, solid marketing behind them," Llamas says. Analysts now expect the new iPhone to arrive in September or October, probably with a slightly bigger screen. Sticking to one screen size has served Apple well, Baker says, but he sees the company moving with the times, as it's done many times before. "When they have the reputation and the brand loyalty that they have, you don't have to be the first to market" with new features, Baker says. "You don't have to take that risk."

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