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Aqua Science Fish ID Project Dylan Wilton


Saltwater Fish 1-50


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 1 Common Name: Atlantic Croaker Scientific Name: Micropogonias undulatus Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Sciaenidae

Genus: Micropogonias

Species: undulatus 

Geography/ Habitat: Commonly found in sounds and estuaries along the coasts from Massachusetts to the Gulf of Mexico. Prefer Waters closer to land for the majority of the year, but travel offshore during the fall to reproduce.

Life Strategy: Spawning usually occurs August through October. The males vibrate their swim bladder to attract mates. Croakers typically mature after about a year.

Food/Feed Strategy: Young eat small planktonic organisms. Juveniles and adults feed on bottom organisms such as marine worms, mollusks, crustaceans, and occasionally fish.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Atlantic Croaker/ Micropogonias undulatus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Inferior


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 2 Common Name: Atlantic SpadeFish Scientific Name: Chaetodipterus faber

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Ephippidae

Genus: Chaetodipterus

Species: faber

Geography/ Habitat: Shallow, subtropical reefs off the coast of the southeastern United States and in the Caribbean. Life Strategy: Have schools of up to 500 adults. Have become game fish because of their reputation to be fighters. Juveniles are typically black in color to camouflage themselves from predators. Food/Feed Strategy: Benthic invertebrates and plankton, specifically zooplankton.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Atlantic Spadefish/ Chaetodipterus faber Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Labriform Mouth Position: Terminal

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Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 3 Common Name: Atlantic Stingray Scientific Name: Dasyatis sabina

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Myliobatiformes

Family: Dasyatidae

Genus: Dasyatis

Species: sabina 

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Geography/ Habitat: Western Atlantic Ocean from Chesapeake Bay down to Florida, the Gulf of Mexico, as well as Mexico. Like warmer estuarine waters with sandy or silt bottoms so that they can bury themselves. Life Strategy: Mating season is from September or October to April. Up to 4 can be born at a time. Able to go into freshwater rivers and streams Venomous barb located on tail to sting attackers. Food/Feed Strategy: Benthic invertebrates such as bivalves, tube anemones, amphipods, and crustaceans, however the exact composition of their diet varies by geographical location.

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Atlantic Stingray/ Dasyatis sabina Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Inferior


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 4 Common Name: Basking Shark Scientific Name: Cetorhinus maximus Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Cetorhinidae

Genus: Cetorhinus

Species: maximus 

Geography/ Habitat: Found worldwide in warm coastal and cool temperate waters, but often straying inshore. It is commonly seen very near the surface of the water along the coast of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.. Believed to migrate into deep waters in the winter. Life Strategy:

Travel several kilometers in the winter to find plankton to feed on. No known predators.

Food/Feed Strategy: Filter feeders. Swim with their mouths wide open and catch things such as copepods and other crustaceans, fish eggs and larvae.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Basking Shark/ Cetorhinus maximus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 5 Common Name: Black Triggerfish Scientific Name: Melichthys niger Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Balistidae

Genus: Melichthys

Species: niger 

Geography/ Habitat: Triggerfish occur in open waters, shallows and in reef environments up to depth of 30 meters

Live in shallow waters with an abundant amount of exposed reefs.

Food/Feed Strategy: Feeds upon small fish and squid, shrimp, zooplankton, algae, and other marine plant life.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Black Triggerfish/ Melichthys niger Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Amiiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 6 Common Name: Blue Hippo Tang Scientific Name: Paracanthurus hepatus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Acanthuridae

Genus: Paracanthurus

Species: hepatus Geography/ Habitat: 

clear, current-swept terraces of seaward reefs. Life Strategy: Juveniles and subadults are known to live in groups and hang out near isolated coral heads of the species Pocillopora eydouxi. When frightened, they will hide among coral branches. The Blue hippo tang is active during the day and rests during the night. Food/Feed Strategy:

Juveniles feed on mostly plankton, but adults will eat algae as well.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Blue Hippo Tang/ Paracanthurus hepatus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 7 Common Name: Blue Marlin Scientific Name: Makaira nigricans

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Istiophoridae

Genus: Makaira

Species: nigricans 

Geography/ Habitat: Throughout the Atlantic Ocean’s temperate, open waters. More specifically in the western parts.

Life Strategy: Females are typically larger than males. Stay in the open waters and almost never venture in near shore.

Eat a variety of fish from tuna and mackerel to squid.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Blue Marlin/ Makaira nigricans Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 8 Common Name: CookieCutter Shark Scientific Name: Isistius brasiliensis

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Squaliformes

Family: Dalatiidae

Genus: Isistius

Species: brasiliensis Geography/ Habitat: 

Warm ocean water s worldwide, particularly in deeper waters near islands.

Life Strategy: Uses photophores to blend in with the color of the water above. Tricks predators into believing it is a smaller fish.

Quickly attacks prey and carves out a round chunk of flesh.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Cookiecutter Shark/ Isistius brasiliensis Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 9 Common Name: Dragon Seahorse Scientific Name: Phycodurus eques

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Syngnathiformes

Family: Syngnathidae

Genus: Phycodurus

Species: eques

Geography/ Habitat:

Seadragons live among the boulders, kelp and seagrasses of Australia’s temperate reefs.

Leaf-like protrusions used to camouflage. Sometimes looks like floating seaweed.

Food/Feed Strategy: Sea dragons feed on larval fishes and amphipods, such as and small shrimp-like crustaceans

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Dragon Seahorse/ Phycodurus eques Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 10 Common Name: Dwarf Seahorse Scientific Name: Hippocampus zosterae

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Gasterosteiformes

Family: Syngnathidae

Genus: Hippocampus

Species: zosterae

Geography/ Habitat: Found in the Bahamas and the United States. Found up to 6 feet in depth among shallow grass flats, hanging onto several types of seagrass including Zostera

Stays near or on marine plants. The fastest it can move is 5 feet per hour!

Feeds on microscopic plankton.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Dwarf Seahorse/ Hippocampus zosterae Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 11 Common Name: Epaulette Shark Scientific Name: Hemiscyllium ocellatum

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Hemiscylliidae

Genus: Hemiscyllium

Species: ocellatum

Geography/ Habitat: Found in shallow, tropical waters around coral reefs off the coasts of Australia and New Guinea.

Uses its pectoral fins to “walk” across the bottom of the sea floor.

Eats crustaceans, worms, and small bony fish

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Epaulette Shark/ Hemiscyllium ocellatum Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Inferior

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 12 Common Name: Giraffe Seahorse Scientific Name: Hippocampus camelopardalis

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Gasterosteiformes

Family: Syngnathidae

Genus: Hippocampus

Species: camelopardalis

Geography/ Habitat: 

In kelp and grass beds around southern Africa and India.

Males carries young. Hardly move, stay hanging onto blades of grass most of the time

Plankton and other small organisms.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Giraffe Seahorse/ Hippocampus camelopardalis Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/Marine

Species #: 13 Common Name: Goblin Shark Scientific Name: Mitsukurina owstoni

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Mitsukurinidae

Genus: Mitsukurina

Species: owstoni

Geography/ Habitat: Originally founded in Japan but can be found in deep, open waters in the Pacific Ocean.

Lives in the deep, dark waters of the Pacific. Has a long snout that is used to sense prey

Protrudes its jaw and uses a tongue- like muscle to pull the prey into its mouth

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Goblin Shark/ Mitsukurina owstoni Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 14 Common Name: Great White Shark Scientific Name: Carcharodon carcharias

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Lamnidae

Genus: Carcharodon

Species: carcharias

Geography/ Habitat: 

Found in cool coastal surface waters in all major oceans.

Life Strategy: Give live birth and pups develop their powerful jaws after just one month. No known predators.

Eats fur seals, sea lions, cetaceans, other sharks, and large bony fish.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Great White Shark/ Carcharodon carcharias Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 15 Common Name: Harlequin Tuskfish Scientific Name: Choerodon fasciatus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Genus: Choerodon

Species: fasciatus

Geography/ Habitat: 

Can be found around coral reefs in waters from the Red Sea to Australia.

Prefer warmer tropical waters. Can be aggressive.

Food/Feed Strategy: Eats mostly benthic invertebrates such as echinoderms, crustaceans, mollusks, and worms

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Harlequin Tuskfish/ Choerodon fasciatus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/Marine

Species #: 16 Common Name: Honeycomb Moray Eel Scientific Name: Muraena melanotis

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Anguilliformes

Family: Muraenidae

Genus: Muraena

Species: melanotis

Geography/ Habitat: Can be found in tropical seas around the world. Typically hide in the cracks crevices of coral beds.

Life Strategy: Secrete a mucus over skin allowing them to swim fast around the reef without fear of abrasion.

Eat fish or cephalopods, as well as mollusks and crustaceans.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Honeycomb Moray Eel/ Muraena melanotis Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim/Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 17 Common Name: Longspined Squirrelfish Scientific Name: Holocentrus rufus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Beryciformes

Family: Holocentridae

Genus: Holocentrus

Species: rufus

Geography/ Habitat: Around coral reefs in the Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida, Bermuda, Gulf of Mexico, Brazil

Life Strategy: It is territorial and uses sounds called “grunts” and “staccatos” to defend its crevice, warn of danger and, in groups, intimidate predators such as the moray eel.

Feeds at night on zoobenthos, including crustaceans, mollusks, and gastropods

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Longspined Squirrelfish/ Holocentrus rufus Body Form or Style: Compreesiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 18 Common Name: Manta Ray Scientific Name: Manta birostris

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Myliobatiformes

Family: Mobulidae

Genus: Manta

Species: birostris

Geography/ Habitat: 

It ranges throughout tropical waters of the world, typically around coral reefs.

Life Strategy: Reproduction is much like that of the stingrays in the fact that it occurs in extremely shallow waters and the male chases the female around until it bites the pectoral fins.

Filter feeders that filter plankton and fish larve out of the water.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Manta Ray/ Manta birostris Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Inferior

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 19 Common Name: Mola Mola Scientific Name: Mola mola

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Molidae

Genus: Mola

Species: mola

Geography/ Habitat: Native to the temperate and tropical waters of every ocean in the world. Mola genotypes appear to vary widely between the Atlantic and Pacific. The range of food items indicates that the mola mola feeds at many levels, from the surface to deep water, and occasionally down to the seafloor in some areas

Life Strategy: Females can produce as many as 300 million eggs at a time. Size and thick skin of an adult of the species deters many smaller predators.

Food/Feed Strategy: consists primarily of various jellyfish. It also consumes salps, squid, crustaceans, small fishes, fish larvae, and eel grass.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Mola Mola/ Mola mola Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 20 Common Name: Nurse Shark Scientific Name: Ginglymostoma cirratum

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Ginglymostomatidae

Genus: Ginglymostoma

Species: cirratum

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Geography/ Habitat: The nurse shark is a common inshore bottom-dwelling shark, found in tropical and subtropical waters on the continental and insular shelves. Its common habitats are reefs, channels between mangrove islands and sand flats Life Strategy: Hidden under submerged ledges or in crevices within the reef, the nurse sharks seem to prefer specific resting sites and will return to them each day after the night's hunting. Food/Feed Strategy: Nurse sharks have been observed resting on the bottom with their bodies supported on their fins, possibly providing a false shelter for crustaceans which they then ambush and eat. Their diet consists primarily of crustaceans, molluscs, tunicates, sea snakes, and other fish, particularly stingrays.

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Nurse Shark/ Ginglymostoma cirratum Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Inferior


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 21 Common Name: Orange Spotted Filefish Scientific Name: Oxymonacanthus longirostris

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Monacanthidae

Genus: Oxymonacanthus

Species: longirostris

Geography/ Habitat: Largely found in and around coral reefs in the Pacific and Indian Ocean. Occurs in clear lagoon and seaward reefs

Found in pairs or small groups and nests near bases of dead corals, often on clumps of algae.

Feed off of the organism in coral reefs

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Orange Spotted Filefish/ Oxymonacanthus longirostris Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 22 Common Name: Porcupine Fish Scientific Name: Chilomycterus geometricus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Diodontidae

Genus: Chilomycterus

Species: geometricus

Geography/ Habitat: Adults generally linger inshore, around areas that offer shelter, such as caves, shipwrecks, reefs, and ledges. They are nocturnal and solitary creatures, commonly residing in holes and crevices within the reef complex. Life Strategy: These fish are capable of expanding their body size by taking in water and inflating when threatened. The spines of the porcupine fish only stick out when the fish is inflated, at all other times the spines lay flat against the body. When fully inflated, the fish has a formidable presence that makes predators think twice about taking a bite.

Food/Feed Strategy: They are nocturnal predators, with strong jaws for feeding on snails, hermit crabs, and sea urchins.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Porcupine Fish/ Chilomycterus geometricus Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 23 Common Name: Porkfish Scientific Name: Anisotremus virginicus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Haemulidae

Genus: Anisotremus

Species: virginicus

Geography/ Habitat: Found in the Western Atlantic. Its range stretches from Florida in the USA, through the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, and down to Brazil. Porkfish is found over reefs and rocky bottoms in inshore waters. Life Strategy: It can produce a grunting sound by rubbing its teeth together. Hide in reefs when they feel threatened.

Food/Feed Strategy: Invertebrates such as mollusks, echinoderms, crustaceans, and worms. Juveniles are considered to be cleaners because they pick parasites off the scales of other fish/

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Porkfish/ Anisotremus virginicus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 24 Common Name: Port Jackson Shark Scientific Name: Heterodontus portusjacksoni

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Heterodontiformes

Family: Heterodontidae

Genus: Heterodontus

Species: portusjacksoni

Geography/ Habitat: The shark's territory is habitually sited in stone settings on the bottom where it feeds. Though rocky environments are the most common sandy and muddy ones are also possibly, probably near seagrass. Since the shark is nocturnal, during the day it resides in low resistance areas such as caves.

Life Strategy: The Port Jackson shark is a migratory species, traveling south in the summer and returning north to breed in the winter months

They feed on hard-shelled mollusks, crustaceans, sea urchins, and small fish.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Port Jackson Shark/ Heterodontus portusjacksoni Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Inferior

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 25 Common Name: Powder Blue Tang Scientific Name: Acanthurus leucosternon

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Acanthuridae

Genus: Acanthurus

Species: leucosternon

Geography/ Habitat: The Powder blue tang is found in the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific. Its range proceeds from eastern Africa to the Andaman Sea, the Christmas Island, and Bali in Indonesia. Inhabits shallow, clear coastal and island coral reefs. Life Strategy:

Lingers around reefs and uses the reefs for protection.

Food/Feed Strategy: Constantly feeds chiefly on benthic algae, sparsely scattered algae, and small growths found in crevices.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Powder Blue Tang/ Acanthurus leucosternon Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 26 Common Name: Pygmy Seahorse Scientific Name: Hippocampus bargibanti

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Syngnathiformes

Family: Syngnathidae

Genus: Hippocampus

Species: bargibanti

Geography/ Habitat: This species is known to occur only on gorgonian corals of the genus Muricella. The pygmy seahorse is found in coastal areas ranging from southern Japan and Indonesia to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Life Strategy: They camouflage themselves by changing color quickly to blend in with their surroundings. They also allow encrusting organisms to settle on them and they can grow long skin appendages to match their surroundings even better. Food/Feed Strategy:

They are thought to eat the same zooplankton as the seafans that they inhabit.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Pygmy Seahorse/ Hippocampus bargibanti Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 27 Common Name: Queen Angelfish Scientific Name: Holacanthus ciliaris

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacanthidae

Genus: Holacanthus

Species: ciliaris

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Geography/ Habitat: Queen angelfish inhabit reefs and are common near Florida, the Bahamas, and the Gulf of Mexico. Life Strategy: The adults are found in pairs year round, perhaps suggesting a long-term monogamous bond. The pairs reproduce by rising up in the water, bringing their bellies close together, and release clouds of sperm and eggs.

Food/Feed Strategy: The queen angelfish feeds primarily on sponges, but also feeds on tunicates, jellyfish, and corals as well as plankton and algae. Juveniles are “cleaners” because they eat parasites off of other fish

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Queen Angelfish/ Holacanthus ciliaris Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 28 Common Name: Queen Parrotfish Scientific Name: Scarus vetula

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scaridae

Genus: Scarus

Species: vetula

Geography/ Habitat: 

Inhabits coral reefs and adjacent habitats in and around the Caribbean.

Life Strategy: Sleeps in a mucus cocoon. Form groups with one dominant male and a couple other adults, most likely females.

Feeds on algae scraped from rocks or dead coral.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Queen Parrotfish/ Scarus vetula Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 29 Common Name: Queen Triggerfish Scientific Name: Balistes vetula

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Balistidae

Genus: Balistes

Species: vetula

Geography/ Habitat: The queen triggerfish is found on coral rubble, tops of reefs and in grassy areas. It is reasonably common throughout the subtropical and tropical western Atlantic, from Trinidad west to Texas north to the Bahamas Life Strategy: The Queen triggerfish can be territorial and very aggressive. Uses corals and reefs for cover and protection.

Food/Feed Strategy: Feeds on a variety of invertebrates, but mostly sea urchins by blowing water to overturn it and then attacks it where the spines are short.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Queen Triggerfish/ Balistes vetula Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 30 Common Name: Rock Beauty Angelfish Scientific Name: Holacanthus tricolor

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacanthidae

Genus: Holacanthus

Species: tricolor

Geography/ Habitat: The Rocky Beauty Angelfish inhabits rocky reefs, rock jetties and environments with prolific coral growth.

Juveniles typically stay near fire corals and are also known to hide inside shells.

Food/Feed Strategy: Feeds on sponges, tunicates, zoantharians and algae. It has a powerful beak-like mouth with sharp outer teeth.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Roosterfish/ Holacanthus tricolor Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 31 Common Name: Roosterfish Scientific Name: Nematistius pectoralis

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Nematistiidae

Genus: Nematistius

Species: pectoralis

Geography/ Habitat: The Roosterfish is widely distributed throughout all waters of Mexico, including all offshore islands. Inhabits shallow inshore areas, frequents sandy shores along beaches.

It uses its swim bladder to amplify sounds. Will jump out of the water to catch its prey.

Diet consists of mullet, sardinas and ladyfish

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Roosterfish/ Nematistius pectoralis Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 32 Common Name: Sand Tiger Shark Scientific Name: Carcharias taurus

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Odontaspididae

Genus: Carcharias

Species: taurus

Geography/ Habitat: They are found worldwide in temperate and tropical waters, including on both sides of the Atlantic coast, but most notably in the Western Indian Ocean and in the Gulf of Maine.

Life Strategy: Sand sharks are the only known shark to surface for gulps of air. They store the air in their stomachs which allows them to float motionless in the water as they hunt for prey.

Food/Feed Strategy: Their needle-like teeth are highly adapted for impaling fish. Sand Tiger Sharks hunt for small fish, but they also eat other things, including crabs, lobsters, rays, and squid.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Sand Tiger Shark/ Carcharias taurus Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 32 Common Name: Scalloped Hammerhead Shark Scientific Name: Sphyrna lewini

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Sphyrnidae

Genus: Sphyrna

Species: lewini

Geography/ Habitat: It primarily lives in warm temperate and tropical coastal waters all around the globe. Occurs over continental and insular shelves and in nearby deeper water.

Life Strategy: There is no known reason for the shaping of the hammerhead’s head. However, it is thought to stabilize the shark

Food/Feed Strategy: Fish such as sardines, mackerel and herring, and occasionally on cephalopods such as squid and octopus. Larger adults may also feed on smaller species of shark such as the blacktip reef shark.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Scalloped Hammerhead Shark/ Sphyrna lewini Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 34 Common Name: Sergeant Major Scientific Name: Abudefduf saxatilis

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Genus: Abudefduf

Species: saxatilis

Geography/ Habitat: In the Atlantic Ocean, this fish occurs from Rhode Island (U.S.) to Uruguay. It is quite abundant on Caribbean Sea reefs as well as around islands in the mid-Atlantic region. In the eastern Atlantic Ocean, its range includes Cape Verde, along the tropical coast of western Africa, south to Angola. Life Strategy:

At night the sergeant major hides in the cracks and caves in the reefs.

Food/Feed Strategy: Feeds upon the larvae of invertebrates, zooplankton, smaller fish, crustaceans and various species of algae.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Sergeant Major/ Abudefduf saxatilis Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 35 Common Name: Shortfin Mako Shark Scientific Name: Isurus oxyrinchus

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Lamnidae

Genus: Isurus

Species: oxyrinchus

Geography/ Habitat: The shortfin mako inhabits offshore temperate and tropical seas worldwide, normally far from land though occasionally closer to shore, around islands or inlets

Shortfin mako skin has very abrasive placoid scales to reduce friction during swimming.

Food/Feed Strategy: The shortfin mako feeds mainly upon cephalopods, bony fishes including mackerels, tunas, bonitos, and swordfish, but it may also eat other sharks, porpoises, sea turtles, and seabirds.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Shortfin Mako Shark/ Isurus oxyrinchus Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position:

Life Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 36 Common Name: Smooth Trunkfish Scientific Name: Lactophrys triqueter

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Ostraciidae

Genus: Lactophrys

Species: triqueter

Geography/ Habitat: Found in areas of coral reef all the way from Canada to Bermuda and all the way down to Brazil.

Toxins released when excited kill other fishes.

Food/Feed Strategy: Feeds on a wide variety of small bottom invertebrates such as mollusks, crustaceans, worms, sessile tunicates and sponges

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Smooth Trunkfish/ Lactophrys triqueter Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 37 Common Name: Southern Flounder Scientific Name: Neoachiropsetta milfordi

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Pleuronectiformes

Family: Achiropsettidae

Genus: Neoachiropsetta

Species: milfordi

   

Geography/ Habitat: The southern flounder generally prefers muddy bottoms throughout most of the estuary, but it can occur in channel and bay mouths and also frequents areas around piers, pilings, and rock jetties. Life Strategy: Lives on the bottom of the sea floor. As the flounder matures it turns sideways, and the eyes move to one side of the body. Migration to offshore spawning grounds begin in late fall at the onset of cold weather, and spawning is completed during winter months. Food/Feed Strategy: This species is the perfect predator, lying in total camouflage on the bottom until unsuspecting prey wander within reach and are capture with lightning quick movements. Foods of this species include shrimp and fishes.

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Southern Flounder/ Neoachiropsetta milfordi Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 38 Common Name: Spanish Mackerel Scientific Name: Scomberomorus maculatus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae

Genus: Scomberomorus

Species: maculatus

Geography/ Habitat: 

They are a shallow water species, preferring sand bottom in 10 to 40 foot depths, occasionally found as deep as 80 feet.

Migratory species of mackerel that swims to the northern Gulf of Mexico in spring, returns to south Florida in the eastern gulf, and to Mexico in the western gulf in the fall.

Food consists mainly of small fishes with lesser quantities of shrimp and squid. Striped anchovies and clupeoids such as menhaden, alewives and thread herring, are particularly important forage in North Carolina, Florida, Texas, and Veracruz. The percentage of anchovies consumed is higher for juveniles than for adults.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Spanish Mackerel/ Scomberomorus maculatus Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim/Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 39 Common Name: Spotfin Butterflyfish Scientific Name: Chaetodon ocellatus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Chaetodontidae

Genus: Chaetodon

Species: ocellatus

Geography/ Habitat: The spotfin butterflyfish is commonly found on shallow reefs around Florida, with fewer occurrences throughout the Caribbean. Juveniles of this species reside in seagrass beds.

Life Strategy: Occurring in pairs or in small groups of 4 or 5, the spotfin butterflyfish swims and feeds over bare, sandy bottoms. This differs from other species of butterflyfish that mainly feed in shallow reef areas.

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Food/Feed Strategy: During the day it feeds on sea anemones and tube worms. Its small, projectile mouth is adept at crevice feeding, where some of its food likes to hide. The bristle-like teeth, arranged in narrow bands in the jaws, are useful for scraping at the invertebrates, mainly the zoantharians, polychaete worms, gorgonians and tunicates.

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Spotfin Butterflyfish/ Chaetodon ocellatus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 40 Common Name: Spotfin Hogfish Scientific Name: Bodianus pulchellus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Genus: Bodianus

Species: pulchellus

Geography/ Habitat: Inhabits coral and rocky reefs, rarely at depths greater than 24 meters. Usually occurs in the warm subtropical marine waters from Florida to Bermuda to the South American coast.

Uses coral as shelter and for hiding.

Feeds on crabs and small shellfish. Juveniles pick parasites from other fish.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Spotfin Hogfish/ Bodianus pulchellus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 41 Common Name: Spotted Drum Scientific Name: Equetus punctatus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Sciaenidae

Genus: Equetus

Species: punctatus

Geography/ Habitat: Can occasionally be found on coral reefs in the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida and Bahamas. It is frequently observed during the day under ledges or near the opening of small caves.

Nocturnal, stays in caves and crevices of ledges during the day to hide from predators.

Food/Feed Strategy: It leaves the protection of its daily shelter at night to feed. Feeds on invertebrates and smaller fish

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Spotted Drum/ Equetus punctatus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 41 Common Name: Spotted Eagle Ray Scientific Name: Aetobatus narinari

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Myliobatiformes

Family: Myliobatidae

Genus: Aetobatus

Species: narinari

Geography/ Habitat: Found in shallow coastal water by coral reefs and bays. Can be found globally in tropical regions, including the Gulf of Mexico, Hawaii, Atlantic Africa, the Indian Ocean, Oceania, and the Pacific west coast of the Americas.

Life Strategy: It can have up from 2-6 venomous spines on the tail. The eggs hatch internally and feed off a yolk sac prior to birth.

Food/Feed Strategy: It preys mainly upon bivalves, shrimps, crabs, whelks, and other benthic infauna. The spotted eagle ray's specialized chevron-shaped tooth structure helps it crush the hard shells of mollusks.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Spotted Eagle Ray/ Aetobatus narinari Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Inferior


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 43 Common Name: Spotted Scorpionfish Scientific Name: Scorpaena plumieri

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Scorpaeniformes

Family: Scorpaenidae

Genus: Scorpaena

Species: plumieri

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Geography/ Habitat: They most commonly inhabit shallow coral reefs but are also found in all bottom habitats. The spotted scorpionfish can be found in the Western Atlantic from Bermuda, Massachusetts, and the northern Gulf of Mexico to southern Brazil. In the Eastern Atlantic they are found around Ascension and St. Helena. Life Strategy: Has venomous spines used for defense. This scorpionfish has very effective camouflage capabilities. They have fleshy plumes (cirri) over the eyes, which combined with the characteristic skin flaps around the head and their mottled wide-range of brown coloring makes them blend into the reef or rocky bottoms so that they become virtually invisible. Food/Feed Strategy: Feeds mostly on other fish and crustaceans. They are ambush predators using their camouflage to remain undetected by prey until they are within striking distance. This species has a wide, cavernous mouth used to quickly suck in and swallow prey. Predators of spotted scorpionfish include large snappers, shark, rays and moray eels.

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Spotted Scorpionfish/ Scorpaena plumieri Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 44 Common Name: Thorny Seahorse Scientific Name: Hippocampus histrix

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Syngnathiformes

Family: Syngnathidae

Genus: Hippocampus

Species: histrix

Geography/ Habitat: A rare inhabitant of shallow sheltered reefs, found among clumps of algae or in seagrass beds. Found in reefs all around the Pacific Ocean.

The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail.

Feeds on small crustaceans, shrimp, and plankton in the water.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Thorny Seahorse/ Hippocampus histrix Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 45 Common Name: Thresher Shark Scientific Name: Alopias vulpinus

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Alopiidae

Genus: Alopias

Species: vulpinus

Geography/ Habitat: Although occasionally sighted in shallow, inshore waters, thresher sharks prefer the open ocean. Common threshers tend to be more common in coastal waters over continental shelves. In the North Pacific, common thresher sharks are found along the continental shelves of North America and Asia. They are rare in the Central and Western Pacific Life Strategy:

Thresher sharks are active predators; the tail is actually used as a weapon to stun prey.

Food/Feed Strategy: Thresher sharks are active predators; the tail is actually used as a weapon to stun prey. They are known to follow large schools of fish into shallow waters. Crustaceans and the odd seabird are also taken.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Thresher Shark/ Alopias vulpinus Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 46 Common Name: Whale Shark Scientific Name: Rhincodon typus

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Rhincodontidae

Genus: Rhincodon

Species: typus

Geography/ Habitat: 

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The whale shark inhabits all tropical and warm-temperate seas Life Strategy: The eggs remain in the body and the females give birth to live young which are 40 to 60 centimeters long. It is believed that they reach sexual maturity at around 30 years and the life span is an estimated 70 to 100 years. Food/Feed Strategy: The coral spawning of the area's Ningaloo Reef provides the whale shark with an abundant supply of plankton. ). It feeds on macro-algae, plankton, krill, Christmas Island red crab larvae, and small nektonic life such as small squid or vertebrates.

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Whale Shark/ Rhincodon typus Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 47 Common Name: Yellowfin Tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus albacares

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae

Genus: Thunnus

Species: albacares

Geography/ Habitat: Although mainly found in deep offshore waters, yellowfin tuna may approach shore when suitable conditions exist

Yellowfin tuna often travel in schools with similarly sized companions

Yellowfin tuna prey include other fish, pelagic crustaceans, and squid.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Yellowfin Tuna/ Thunnus albacares Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 48 Common Name: Yellowhead Wrasse Scientific Name: Halichoereg garnoti

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Genus: Halichoereg

Species: garnoti

Geography/ Habitat: Commonly found on shallow and deep reefs and exposed rocky ledges. Exist in and around the Gulf of Mexico.

A protogynous hermaphrodite

Feeds on crabs and small shellfish. Juveniles pick parasites from other fish.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Yellowhead Wrasse/ Halichoereg garnoti Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 49 Common Name: Yellowtail Damsel Scientific Name: Chrysiptera parasema

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Genus: Chrysiptera

Species: parasema

Geography/ Habitat: The Yellowtail Damsel is found in the Western Pacific, including the waters of Solomon Islands, northern Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and Ryukyu Islands. It may also inhabit parts of the Great Barrier Reef off the coast of Australia

Life Strategy: It is a reef associated fish that lives in sheltered lagoons and inshore coral reefs with prolific coral growth. It is know to live in small groups over patches of Acropora corals.

Diet includes small crustaceans, plankton, and algae.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Yellowtail Damsel/ Chrysiptera parasema Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater/ Marine

Species #: 50 Common Name: Zebra Seahorse Scientific Name: Hippocampus zebra

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Gasterosteiformes

Family: Syngnathidae

Genus: Hippocampus

Species: zebra

Geography/ Habitat: 

Found on coral reefs in the Pacific Ocean, mostly around Australia.

Life Strategy: Like most species of seahorse the male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail

Plankton and other small organisms.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Zebra Seahorse/ Hippocampus zebra Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Freshwater Fish 51-100


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 51 Common Name: Alabama Darter Scientific Name: Etheostoma ramseyi

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percidae

Genus: Etheostoma

Species: ramseyi

Geography/ Habitat: Occurs in a variety of habitats, from small stream pools with sand and gravel substrates to stream riffles containing sand, gravel, clay, rubble, bedrock, and cobble. Found only in the rivers of Alabama.

Spawning occurs from early March to late April or May at temperatures less than 68ºF

Food/Feed Strategy: Fly larvae, amphipods, and other small crustaceans and insects. There is also evidence that they eat zooplankton.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Alabama Darter/ Etheostoma ramseyi Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Inferior

Life Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 52 Common Name: Alabama Hog Sucker Scientific Name: Hypentelium etowanum

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Catostomidae

Genus: Hypentelium

Species: etowanum

Geography/ Habitat: It is extremely widespread and frequently abundant above the Fall Line and in the Fall Line Hills district of the East Gulf Coastal Plain below the Fall Line. Hog suckers are bottom-dwelling fishes that prefer moderate or fast currents over gravel, cobble, or sand substrates.

Life Strategy: Spawning occurs in April and early May. Juvenile hog suckers are often common in slack or slow currents over sand and silt substrates.

Known to eat Diptera and Chironomidae larvae

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Alabama Hog Sucker/ Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Inferior

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 53 Common Name: Alewife Scientific Name: Alosa pseudoharengus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Clupeiformes

Family: Clupeidae

Genus: Alosa

Species: pseudoharengus

Geography/ Habitat: 

The Alewife has invaded the Great Lakes of North America.

Alewives live in large dense schools as a defense from their predators, trout and salmon.

Food/Feed Strategy: In the fall, they go down to the central depths of the lakes where they spend the winter feeding on zooplankton before migrating back to the surface in late spring.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Alewife/ Alosa pseudoharengus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 54 Common Name: Alligator Gar Scientific Name: Atractosteus spatula

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Lepisosteiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Genus: Atractosteus

Species: spatula

Geography/ Habitat: 

They inhabit sluggish pools and backwaters or large rivers, bayous, and lakes. Life Strategy:

 

Food/Feed Strategy: Feeds by lurking amongst reeds and other vegetation, ambushing prey. There have been recordings of humans being attacked by these fish.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Alligator Gar/ Atractosteus spatula Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 55 Common Name: American Eel Scientific Name: Anguilla rostrata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Anguilliformes

Family: Anguillidae

Genus: Anguilla

Species: rostrata

Geography/ Habitat: The American Eel lives on the eastern coast of the U.S. During the day it hides in mud, sand or gravel very close to shore, roughly 5 to 6 feet under. Life Strategy: The American Eel lives its natural habitat to the Atlantic Ocean to spawn. It takes 9 to 10 weeks for the eggs to hatch. After hatching, young eels move toward North America and enter freshwater systems to mature Food/Feed Strategy:

Feeds at night on small fish, soft-shell crabs, worms, and mollusk.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: American Eel/ Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim/Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 56 Common Name: American Shad Scientific Name: Alosa sapidissima

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Clupeiformes

Family: Clupeidae

Genus: Alosa

Species: sapidissima

Geography/ Habitat:

Life Strategy:  Food/Feed Strategy:

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: American Shad/ Alosa sapidissima Body Form or Style:Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 57 Common Name: Atlantic Needlefish Scientific Name: Strongylura marina

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Beloniformes

Family: Belonidae

Genus: Strongylura

Species: marina

Geography/ Habitat: Atlantic needlefish are found in shallow areas throughout the Bay from early spring through fall. They school at the surface of the water around docks, marshes, beaches and underwater grass beds.

Life Strategy: Atlantic needlefish spawn in the Bay during May and June. Females release thread-like eggs that sink to the bottom and attach to each other.

Food/Feed Strategy: Eat mostly shrimps and small fish, such as killifishes and silversides. They patiently stalk their prey in the shallows, then catch it in their scissor-like jaws.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Atlantic Needlefish/ Strongylura marina Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 58 Common Name: Banded Pygmy Sunfish Scientific Name: Elassoma zonatum

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Elassomatidae

Genus: Elassoma

Species: zonatum

Geography/ Habitat: 

They can live in rivers, streams, lakes, ponds, and even swamps

Life Strategy: Have adapted to live in many different habitats. They can even survive in waters with low oxygen levels

These fish have been found to eat insect larvae, small crustaceans, and snail eggs.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Banded Pygmy Sunfish/ Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 59 Common Name: Banded Sunfish Scientific Name: Enneacanthus obesus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Genus: Enneacanthus

Species: obesus

Geography/ Habitat: Can be found in the Atlantic coastal region from New Hampshire south to central Florida. It is found in small ponds and backwaters of creeks to small and large rivers and boggy brooks over sand or mud in sluggish, acidic, heavily vegetated waters.

Life Strategy: Spawning occurs from April through July. They can spawn when they become one year old. The male will construct a sand or gravel nest for the eggs to be laid in

The banded sunfish feeds upon insects and microcrustaceans.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Banded Sunfish/ Enneacanthus obesus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 60 Common Name: Black Crappie Scientific Name: Pomoxis nigromaculatus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Genus: Pomoxis

Species: nigromaculatus

Geography/ Habitat: The black crappie tends to prefer clearer water. Popular throughout much of North America.

Life Strategy: By day, crappie tend to be less active and to concentrate around weed beds or submerged objects, such as logs and boulders. Spawning occurs in a nest built by the male, who guards the eggs and young.

Food/Feed Strategy: as adults feed predominantly on smaller species, including the young of their own predators. They also eat zooplankton, insects, and crustaceans.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Black Crappie/ Promaxis nigromaculatus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 61 Common Name: Bluegill Scientific Name: Lepomis macrochirus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Genus: Lepomis

Species: macrochirus

Geography/ Habitat: They prefer the shallow waters of many lakes and ponds where the water is warm and weedy. They are also found in slow moving parts of streams and small rivers with many aquatic plants.

Life Strategy: Spawning season for bluegills starts late in May and extends into August. Bluegills also have the ability to travel and change directions and high speeds.

Food/Feed Strategy: Young bluegill's diet consists of rotifers and waterfleas. The adult diet consists of aquatic insect larvae but can also include crayfish, leeches, snails, and other small fish.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Bluegill/ Lepomis macrochirus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcaranigform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 62 Common Name: Bowfin Scientific Name: Amia calva

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Amiiformes

Family: Amiidae

Genus: Amia

Species: calva

Geography/ Habitat:

Life Strategy:  Food/Feed Strategy:

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Bowfin/ Amia calva Body Form or Style: Swim/Locomotion Style: Mouth Position:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 63 Common Name: Brassy Minnow Scientific Name: Hybognathus hankinsoni

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cyrpriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Genus: Hybognathus

Species: hankinsoni

Geography/ Habitat: Common in small streams and ponds, moderate-sized streams and small rivers, apparently preferring those with boggy, acidic waters.

Life Strategy: Spawns in early spring in quiet water. Tend to live in waters with very few predators since they are very vurnerable fish. Food/Feed Strategy:

Eat primarily on algae, but they also eat aquatic insect larvae

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Brassy Minnow/ Hybognathus hankinsoni Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 64 Common Name: Bull Chub Scientific Name: Nocomis raneyi

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae

Genus: Nocomis

Species: raneyi

Geography/ Habitat: 

Inhabits large rivers and tributaries. Found mainly in the rivers in Maryland.

Spawning occurs early May to early June. Males built the nest and protect it

Eat insect larvae, snails, crayfish, and fish

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Bull chub/ Nocomis raneyi Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Inferior

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 65 Common Name: Climbing Perch Scientific Name: Anabas testudineus

Class: Actinopteryguii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Anabantidae

Genus: Anabas

Species: testudineus

Geography/ Habitat: Originated from Africa and India. Can be spotted at the surface of the water most of the time.

Life Strategy: The climbing perch can actually “climb” out of the water and stay out for hours at a time. They do this because they can’t get enough oxygen in the water due to their little gills.

It feeds on crustaceans, insects, and vegetation

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Climbing Perch/ Anabas testudineus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 66 Common Name: Convict Cichlid Scientific Name: Amatitlania nigrofasciata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Genus: Amatitlania

Species: nigrofasciata

Geography/ Habitat: From the waters of Central America. They prefer moving water and areas with lots of rocks and sunken tree branches. Life Strategy: Can reach sexual maturity at as young as 16 weeks. the fish excavate caves by moving earth from underneath large stones. Females lay the eggs on the upper or side surfaces of the cave to which they adhere. Food/Feed Strategy:

Feeds on crustaceans, small fish, insects, various worms, plants and algae.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Convict Cichlid/ Amatitlania nigrofasciata Body Form or Style: Compresiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 67 Common Name: Diamond Killifish Scientific Name: Adinia xenica

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cyprinodontiformes

Family: Fundulidae

Genus: Adinia

Species: xenica

Geography/ Habitat:

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Diamond Killifish/ Adinia xenica Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Mouth Position:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 68 Common Name: Dollar Sunfish Scientific Name: Lepomis miniatus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Genus: Lepomis

Species: miniatus

Geography/ Habitat: Found in the southern region of North America. Commonly found in tannin-stained water and mud substratum

During winter, adults move into deep water, and return to shallow water the following spring.

Food/Feed Strategy: Diet include various aquatic insects and small crustaceans, detritus and filamentous algae, and terrestrial insects.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Dollar Sunfish/ Lepomis miniatus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 69 Common Name: Fourspine Stickleback Scientific Name: Apeltes quadracus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Gasterosteiformes

Family: Gasterosteidae

Genus: Apeltes

Species: quadracus

Geography/ Habitat: 

Live in tidal creeks, eelgrass beds, and nearshore environments.

Life Strategy: The fourspine stickleback spawns in early May through late July. Males collect weeds, leaves, and grasses to build cone shaped nests

Fourspine sticklebacks prey on copepods and other small planktonic crustaceans.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Fourspine Stickleback/ Apeltes quadracus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 70 Common Name: Golden Redhorse Scientific Name: Moxostoma erythrurum

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Catostomidae

Genus: Moxostoma

Species: erythrurum

Geography/ Habitat:

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Golden Redhorse/ Moxostoma erythrurum Body Form or Style: Swim/Locomotion Style: Mouth Position:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 71 Common Name: Green Sunfish Scientific Name: Lepomis cyanellus

Class: Actinopterygii Family: Centrarchidae

Order: Perciformes Genus: Lepomis

Species: cyanellus

Geography/ Habitat: Prefers vegetated areas in sluggish backwaters, lakes, and ponds with gravel, sand, or bedrock bottoms. They also can be found in very muddy waters and are able to tolerate poor water conditions

Life Strategy: Male builds nest and defends it from everything. When females show up he swims around the nest and grunts in an attempt to attract the female.

Food/Feed Strategy: Its diet can include aquatic insects and larvae, insects that fall into the water, crayfish, snails, some small fish, zooplankton, and other small invertebrates.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Green Sunfish/ Lepomis cyanellus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 72 Common Name: Hogchocker Scientific Name: Trinectes maculatus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Pleuronectiformes

Family: Achiridae

Genus: Trinectes

Species: maculatus

Geography/ Habitat:  Life Strategy:  Food/Feed Strategy: 

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Hogchocker/ Trinectes maculatus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Rajiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 23 Common Name: Jewelfish Scientific Name: Hemichromis bimaculatus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Genus: Hemichromis

Species: bimaculatus

Geography/ Habitat: Naturally they can be found in creeks, streams, lakes, and rivers. Because it is from Africa, it needs soft and a bit more acidic water in order to stay alive in captivity.

Life Strategy: When the African jewelfish is ready to breed, females will turn a deep red color to let the male know

Food/Feed Strategy: They feed on insects, crustaceans, and Caridina. They can also eat some plants, such as algae and other weeds, as well as debris

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Jewelfish/ Hemichromis bimaculatus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 74 Common Name: Ladyfish Scientific Name: Elops affinis

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Elopiformes

Family: Elopidae

Genus: Elops

Species: affinis

Geography/ Habitat:  Life Strategy:  Food/Feed Strategy: 

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Ladyfish/ Elops affinis Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 75 Common Name: Largemouth Bass Scientific Name: Micropterus salmoides

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Genus: Micropterus

Species: salmoides

Geography/ Habitat: 

Found in the lakes of the southern states in the U.S. Prefer areas with less vegetation.

Life Strategy: The largemouth bass will use its senses of hearing, sight, vibration, and smell to attack and seize its prey.

   

Food/Feed Strategy: The juvenile largemouth bass consumes mostly small bait fish, scuds, small shrimp, and insects. Adults consume smaller fish, snails, crawfish, frogs, snakes, salamanders, bats an even small water birds, mammals, and baby alligators.

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Largemouth Bass/ Micropterus salmoides Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Caraniform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 76 Common Name: Marbled Sculpin Scientific Name: Cottus klamathensis

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Scorpaeniformes

Family: Cottidae

Genus: Cottus

Species: klamathensis

Geography/ Habitat: 

Can be found in cold rapid streams in the United States.

Dwell on the bottom must of the time and wait for prey to go by.

Food/Feed Strategy: Sculpin are primarily carnivorous, clinging to the bottom and pouncing on small invertebrates, crustaceans, and mollusks for food.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Marbled Sculpin/ Cottus klamathensis Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 77 Common Name: Mountain Sucker Scientific Name: Catostomus platyrhynchus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Catostomidae

Genus: Catostomus

Species: platyrhynchus

Geography/ Habitat: Tends to favor clear water streams with a moderate gradient and rocky or gravelly bottoms

Life Strategy: Spawning occurs during late spring to early summer, when the waters are between 10.5-18.8°C. They move into smaller streams, where they spawn over gravel riffles upstream from quiet pools.

Food/Feed Strategy: Mountain suckers are primarily herbivorous, feeding mostly on algae and diatoms, but they will eat various aquatic invertebrates as well

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Mountain Sucker/ Catostomus platyrhynchus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Inferior


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 78 Common Name: Mud Sunfish Scientific Name: Acantharchus pomotis

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Genus: Acantharchus

Species: pomotis

Geography/ Habitat: The mud sunfish prefers sluggish, weedy waters, over muddy, detritus-strewn bottoms, and occurs in small lakes as well as riverine backwaters

Life Strategy: The male mud sunfish prepares a nest for spawning. It guards the eggs, after they are deposited above or on the soft muddy bottom, often amid algae or exposed roots. 

Food/Feed Strategy: Mud sunfishes feed on invertebrates as well as other fish in both adult and immature life stages.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Mud Sunfish/ Acantharchus pomotis Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 79 Common Name: Naked Sand Darter Scientific Name: Ammocrypta beanii

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percidae

Genus: Ammocrypta

Species: beanii

Geography/ Habitat: 

Prefers large streams and rivers with moderate current and shifting substrates of clean sand

Life Strategy:  Food/Feed Strategy: 

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Naked Sand Darter/ Ammocrypta beanii Body Form or Style: Compresssiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 80 Common Name: Northern Cavefish Scientific Name: Amblyopsis spelaea

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Percopsiformes

Family: Amblyopsidae

Genus: Amblyopsis

Species: spelaea

Geography/ Habitat: Found in caves through Kentucky and southern Indiana. Inhabits subterranean water or caves which have consolidated mud-rock substrates Life Strategy:

Have no pigment and no eyes

Eats plankton, and small crustaceans.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Northern Cavefish/ Amblyopsis spelaea Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 81 Common Name: Ozark Cavefish Scientific Name: Amblyopsis rosae

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Percopsiformes

Family: Amblyopsidae

Genus: Amblyopsis

Species: rosae

Geography/ Habitat: 

Cavefish tend to occur in flowing cave streams as opposed to quiet pools

Life Strategy: The ozark cave fish can receive nutrients with out photosynthesis or chemosynthesis, by the tree roots above the cave.

Food/Feed Strategy: They feed primarily on microscopic organisms, as well as small crustaceans and salamander larvae.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Ozark Cavefish/ Amblyopsis rosae Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 82 Common Name: Paradise Fish Scientific Name: Macropodus opercularis

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Osphronemidae

Family: Macropodusinae

Genus: Macropodus

Species: opercularis

Geography/ Habitat: Paradise gouramis are tolerant of virtually any water conditions, surviving in cool and warm waters alike.

Life Strategy: As is typical of most bettas and gouramis, spawning involves a male building a bubble nest (a floating mat of saliva-coated air bubbles, often incorporating plant matter) and attracting a female to it.

Usually feed on mosquito larvae and worms found in the water.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Paradise Fish/ Macropodus opercularis Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 83 Common Name: Peacock Cichlid Scientific Name: Aulonocara jacobfreibergi

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Genus: Aulonocara

Species: jacobfreibergi

Geography/ Habitat: 

Like to live in deep, dark waters of lakes.

Males are very bright in color to attract female mates.

Food/Feed Strategy: Rely on their lateral line to help them find food in the dark. They primarily see invertebrates that live on the sandy bottoms.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Peacock Cichlid/ Aulonocara jacobfreibergi Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 84 Common Name: Pirate Perch Scientific Name: Aphredoderus sayanus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Percopsiformes

Family: Aphredoderidae

Genus: Aphredoderus

Species: sayanus

Geography/ Habitat: 

Its preferred habitat are backwaters of warm water and little current

Life Strategy: They lay their eggs within underwater root masses which are then fertilized by the male perch.

Food/Feed Strategy: The pirate perch is known to consume food items have included live mosquito larva, amphipods, glass shrimp, meal worms, small fish, dragon fly and stone fly larva and earthworms.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Pirate Perch/ Aphredoderus sayanus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 85 Common Name: Rainbow Trout Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus mykiss

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Genus: Oncorhynchus

Species: mykiss

Geography/ Habitat: 

Native to tributaries of the Pacific Ocean in Asia and North America.

Like salmon, they return to their original hatching ground to spawn.

Food/Feed Strategy: Rainbow trout are predators with a varied diet, and will eat nearly anything they can grab.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Rainbow Trout/ Oncorhynchus mykiss Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 86 Common Name: Razorback Sucker Scientific Name: Xyrauchen texanus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Catostomidae

Genus: Xyrauchen

Species: texanus

Geography/ Habitat: 

The species originally occurred throughout the medium-sized and large rivers of the Colorado basin, but its range has shrunk to the river above the Grand Canyon, and to Lake Mead, Lake Mohave, and Lake Havasu on the lower part of the river.

Spawning occurs in late winter or spring. Spawning takes place in a group settling to the bottom and releasing their gametes. The adhesive eggs become attached to the interstitial spaces in the gravel substrate. A single female is attended by 2 to 12 males, and the female will spawn repeatedly with several males

Razorbacks feed on algae, insect larvae, plankton, and detritus.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Razorback Sucker/ Xyrauchen texanus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Inferior

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 87 Common Name: Rock Bass Scientific Name: Ambloplites rupestris

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Genus: Ambloplites

Species: rupestris

Geography/ Habitat: Rock bass are native to the St Lawrence River and Great Lakes system, the upper and middle Mississippi River basin in North America from Québec to Saskatchewan in the north down to Missouri and Arkansas, and throughout the eastern U.S. from New York through Kentucky and Tennessee to the northern portions of Alabama and Georgia and Florida in the south Life Strategy:

These fish have the ability to rapidly change their color to match their surroundings

It is carnivorous, and its diet consists of smaller fish, insects, and crustaceans.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Rock Bass/ Ambloplites rupestris Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 88 Common Name: Sailfin Catfish Scientific Name: Pterygoplichthys multiradiatus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Loricariidae

Genus: Pterygoplichthys

Species: multiradiatus

Geography/ Habitat: 

Inhabits freshwater streams and lakes and in weedy, mud-bottomed canals

Take care of their young. Males built burrows in reservoir banks.

Food/Feed Strategy: Mainly feeds on benthic algae and aquatic weeds, but will also take worms, insect larvae and other bottomdwelling invertebrates.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Sailfin Catfish/ Pterygoplichthys multiradiatus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Inferior

Life Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 89 Common Name: Shadow Bass Scientific Name: Ambloplites ariommus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Genus: Ambloplites

Species: ariommus

Geography/ Habitat: The shadow bass inhabits small to medium size rivers and streams with permanent water flow and prefers cool water temperatures similar to smallmouth bass habitat. Life Strategy: Builds circular nest in the spring during the breeding season. The male shadow bass does the nest constructing, the females only obligation is to pick a suitable males nest and lay her eggs after that she departs

Food/Feed Strategy: Diet consist mostly on small invertebrates mainly crayfish, and when they become three inches can begin feeding on small fish species such as darters, madtoms, and minnows.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Shadow Bass/ Ambloplites ariommus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 90 Common Name: Shortnose Sturgeon Scientific Name: Acipenser brevirostrum

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Acipenseriformes

Family: Acipenseridae

Genus: Acipenser

Species: brevirostrum

Geography/ Habitat: Shortnose sturgeons inhabit rivers and estuaries. living mainly in the slower moving riverine waters or nearshore marine waters, and migrating periodically into faster moving fresh water areas to spawn. Life Strategy: After reaching sexual maturity, the shortnose sturgeon won’t actually spawn until at least 2 to 5 years later

Food/Feed Strategy: Juveniles are believed to feed on benthic insects and crustaceans. Mollusks and large crustaceans are the primary food of adult shortnose sturgeon.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Shortnose Sturgeon/ Acipenser brevirostrum Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Interior


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 91 Common Name: Shovelnose Sturgeon Scientific Name: Scaphirhynchus platorynchus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Acipenseriformes

Family: Acipenseridae

Genus: Scaphirhynchus

Species: platorynchus

Geography/ Habitat: 

The Missouri River and the Mississippi River systems tend to carry high sediment loads. Here the sturgeon inhabits the open channel or main channel areas of the large rivers. It lives on the bottom, often in areas with swift current and sand or gravel bottom.

During spawning, behavior changes and swimming near the surface occurs. Females do not spawn every year and spawning chronology is not readily evident. Spawning takes place over gravel in fairly swift water. Eggs hatch after 3 to 5 days

The shovelnose sturgeon feeds on the bottom, using its highly protrusible mouth to suck up its food. The diet is mainly aquatic insect larvae, consisting principally of mayflies, true flies, and caddisflies. The sturgeon also feed on crustaceans, worms, and small fish.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Shovelnose Sturgeon/ Scaphirhynchus platorynchus Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Inferior

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 92 Common Name: Silver Croaker Scientific Name: Argyrosomus japonicus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Sciaenidae

Genus: Argyrosomus

Species: japonicus

Geography/ Habitat:  Life Strategy:  Food/Feed Strategy: 

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Silver Croaker/ Argyrosomus japonicus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 93 Common Name: Sockeye Salmon Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus nerka

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Genus: Oncorhynchus

Species: nerka

Geography/ Habitat: Sockeye salmon ranges as far south as the Columbia River in the eastern Pacific and northern Hokkaidō Island in Japan in the western Pacific, and as far north as Bathurst Inlet in the Canadian Arctic in the east and the Anadyr River in Siberia in the west. Life Strategy: Just prior to spawning both sexes turn red with green heads and sport a dark stripe on their sides. Males develop a hump on their back and the jaws and teeth become hooked in freshwater, this hook is known as a kype and is used for fighting other males.

Food/Feed Strategy: Feed extensively on zooplankton during both freshwater and saltwater life stages. They also tend to feed on small aquatic organisms such as shrimp. They also eat insects when they are at the juvenile stage.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Sockeye Salmon/ Oncorhynchus nerka Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 94 Common Name: Suwannee Bass Scientific Name: Micropterus notius

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Genus: Micropterus

Species: notius

Geography/ Habitat: It is native only to the Suwannee and Ochlockonee River drainages in Florida and Georgia.

Life Strategy: Spawning occurs from February to June when water temperatures reach 65 to 68 degrees. Reproduction is similar to the largemouth bass including nest construction.

Food/Feed Strategy: Young fish feed on aquatic insects and small crustaceans. Larger fish feed heavily on crayfish and also take small fishes

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Suwannee Bass/ Micropterus notius Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Caragiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 95 Common Name: Swampfish Scientific Name: Chologaster cornuta

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Percopsiformes

Family: Amblyopsidae

Genus: Chologaster

Species: cornuta

Geography/ Habitat: Occurs on vegetation and debris in swamps, sloughs and quiet pools and backwaters of streams.

Use plants and other vegetation for cover and protection

Food/Feed Strategy: This habitat is rich in potential food for the swampfish like amphipods, ostracods and copepods.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Swampfish/ Chologaster cornuta Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcaragniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Life Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 96 Common Name: Swordspine Snook Scientific Name: Centropomus ensiferus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centropomidae

Genus: Centropomus

Species: ensiferus

Geography/ Habitat: Inhabits coastal waters, estuaries and lagoons, penetrating into freshwater; usually prefers very low brackish water or freshwater. Found over soft bottoms.

Life Strategy: spawns primarily in summer; cannot tolerate water temperatures below 60 degrees Fahrenheit; can tolerate wholly fresh or saltwater

Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans, mainly shrimps.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Swordspine Snook/ Centropomus ensiferus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 97 Common Name: Walking Catfish Scientific Name: Clarias batrachus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Clariidae

Genus: Clarias

Species: batrachus

 

   

Geography/ Habitat: Walking catfish thrive in stagnant, frequently hypoxic waters, and are often found in muddy ponds, canals, ditches and similar habitats. The species spends most of its time on, or right above, the bottom surface, with occasional trips to the surface to gulp air. Life Strategy: Can climb out of the water and “walk” on its pectoral fins. Has been known to show up in neighborhoods. Food/Feed Strategy: It feeds on smaller fish, molluscs and other invertebrates as well as detritus and aquatic weeds. It is a voracious eater which consumes food rapidly and this habit makes it a particularly harmful invasive species.

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Walking Catfish/ Clarias batrachus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Inferior


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 98 Common Name: Warmouth Scientific Name: Lepomis gulosus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae

Genus: Lepomis

Species: gulosus

Geography/ Habitat: It is native to a wide area of the United States, from Minnesota to western Pennsylvania in the north and from the Rio Grande in New Mexico east to the Atlantic in the south, inhabiting the heavily vegetated, muddy-bottomed habitats

Life Strategy: These fish tend to be very aggressive and will attack much of what it comes into its territory. They seek cover in rocky banks, stumps or weeds, or near other large objects, where they can hide and wait for food

Food/Feed Strategy: Sight feeders. Young warmouth feed on zooplankton and small insects. Adults feed on insects, mollusks, and small fish.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Warmouth/ Lepomis gulosus Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 99 Common Name: Yellowbelly Cichlid Scientific Name: Macquaria ambigua

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Genus: Macquaria

Species: ambigua

Geography/ Habitat: 

It lives in moving waters of rivers and is seldom found in the calm waters of lakes.

Life Strategy: Also known as Tri-Color Cichlids because when breeding, their bodies take on a brilliant red hue.

Feeds on algae, plankton, small invertebrates, and vegetation.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Yellowbelly Cichlid/ Macquaria ambigua Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater

Species #: 100 Common Name: Yellowcheek Darter Scientific Name: Etheostoma moorei

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percidae

Genus: Etheostoma

Species: moorei

Geography/ Habitat: The yellowcheek darter is found in small to medium-sized, fast flowing rivers and streams. It prefers areas with clear water, rocky or gravel bottoms and a steep gradient, and is often found in areas with dense growths of aquatic plant Life Strategy: A fairly sedentary species, the yellowcheek darter rarely strays from its home grounds, but during the breeding season mature fish move towards small, fast flowing streams to breed. It is at this time that the female fish bury into the substrate with only the head and tail fin exposed. The male then positions above the female to fertilize the eggs as they are released

Food/Feed Strategy: However, this bottom-dwelling fish is known to feed on a variety of invertebrates, including immature mayflies and stoneflies

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Yellowcheek Darter/ Etheostoma moorei Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim/Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Terminal


Saltwater Invertebrates 101-120


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 101 Common Name: Branching Vase Sponge Scientific Name: Ircinia campana

Class: Demospongiae

Order: Dictyoceratida

Family: Irciniidae

Genus: Ircinia

Species: campana

Geography/ Habitat: Make up parts of the reefs in Bahamian, Belize, Caribbean Sea, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Eastern Caribbean, Floridian, Greater Antilles, Hispaniola, Mexico, Northern Gulf of Mexico, Panama, Southern Caribbean, Southern Gulf of Mexico, Southwestern Caribbean, Venezuela, Western Caribbean Life Strategy:

Attach to the bottom of the sea floor

Filter feeders. Bring water through their particles.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Branching Vase Sponge/ Ircinia campana Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 102

Common Name: Box Jellyfish or Sea Wasp Scientific Name: Chironex fleckeri Class: Cubozoa

Order: Chirodropida

Family: Chirodropidae

Genus: Chironex

Species: fleckeri

Geography/ Habitat: living in coastal waters from northern Australia and New Guinea north to the Philippines and Vietnam

Life Strategy: The Box Jellyfish has 60 extremely dangerous tentacles that can reach up to 15 feet long. It was kill a person in 3 seconds.

It feeds on any small fish swimming around.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Box Jellyfish/ Chironex fleckeri Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 103 Common Name: Bulb Anemone Scientific Name: Entacmaea quadricolor

Class: Anthozoa

Order: Actiniaria

Family: Actiniidae

Genus: Entacmaea

Species: quadricolor

Geography/ Habitat: 

The Bulb or Bubble Tip Anemone is found in oceans around the world.

Attaches its pedal disc deep within dead coral amongst rubble or on solid, living reefs

Stretches its sweeper tentacles to grab food from the water column

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Bulb Anemone/ Entacmaea quadricolor Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 104 Common Name: Condy Anemone

Scientific Name: Condylactis gigantea

Class: Anthozoa

Order:

Family: Actiniidae

Genus: Condylactis

Species: gigantea

Geography/ Habitat: Condylactis Anemone is found on coral reefs, lagoons or in shallow water regions, anchored to a hard surface such as rock

Life Strategy: For its protection, Condylactis gigantean buries its base into sand or in the crevice of a rock or of any other hard surface.

Food/Feed Strategy: Condylactis Anemone eats acellualr marine invertebrates, meaty bits of shrimp, brine shrimp, fish and mussels, zooplankton and phytoplankton.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Condy Anemone/ Condylactis gigantea Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 105 Common Name: Crown-of-thorns starfish Scientific Name: Acanthaster planci Class: Asteroidea

Order: Valvatida

Family: Acanthasteridae

Genus: Acanthaster

Species: planci

Geography/ Habitat: 

Found in tropical coral reefs in the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Pacific Ocean.

Has sharp venomous spines all over their body.

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Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy: Preys on reef coral polyps. They climb onto reef structures, and then extrude their stomach onto the coral. This releases digestive enzymes that allow the starfish to absorb nutrients from the liquefied coral tissue. The crown-of-thorns also preys on brittle stars in a similar fashion

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Crown-of-thorns starfish/ Acanthaster planci Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 106 Common Name: Disk Anemone Scientific Name: Actinodiscus nummiformis Class:

Order:

Family: Discosomatidae

Genus: Actinodiscus

Species: nummiformis

Geography/ Habitat: 

Tropical Indo-Pacific, Red Sea and Caribbean

Life Strategy: To reproduce, the disk anemone pinches off a portion of its circular base. The detached portion develops into a small anemone and travels to another area of the reef

They primarily feed off micro particulate foods from the water column.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Disk Anemone/ Actinodiscus nummiformis Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 107 Common Name: Egyptian Sea Star Scientific Name: Gomophia egyptiaca Class: Asterozoa

Order: Valvatida

Family: Ophidiasteridae

Genus: Gomophia

Species: egyptiaca

Geography/ Habitat: Found only in Hurghada, Red Sea, Egypt. Inhabits lagoons and outer reefs on all kinds of substrates

Has spikes all over its body to ward of potential predators

Usually eats detritus or snail snails

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Egyptian Sea Star/ Gomophia egyptiaca Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 108 Common Name: Harlequin Shrimp Scientific Name: Hymenocera Picta Class: Crustacea

Order: Decapoda

Family: Gnathophyllidae

Genus: Hymenocera

Species: Picta

Geography/ Habitat: Hymenocera picta originates from the tropical Indo-Pacific region. Likes to gather around reefs, vegetation, and rocks

Usually form pairs. Nocturnal, come out to feed at night.

Life Strategy:

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Food/Feed Strategy: Eats the tube feet of Echinoderms only such as, Starfish, etc and Sea Urchins. Adult Harlequin Shrimp eats the starfish Asterias rubens, Comet and Blood Spotted Starfish, while, the young ones of the shrimp eat the starfish Linckia and Chocolate Chip Starfish

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Harlequin Shrimp/ Hymenocera Picta Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 109 Common Name: Heart Sea Urchin Scientific Name: Maretia planulata Class: Echinoidea

Order: Spatangoida

Family: Spatangidae

Genus: Maretia

Species: planulata

Geography/ Habitat: 

Occurs at depths from 0 to 60 m in sandy intertidal and seagrass areas

Life Strategy: Heart Sea Urchins burrow themselves in the sand during the day and usually come out at night.

Food/Feed Strategy: Eats plant and animal matter, including kelp, decaying matter, algae, dead fish, sponges, mussels, and barnacles.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Heart Sea Urchin/ Maretia planulata Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 110 Common Name: Moon Jelly Scientific Name: Aurelia aurita

Class: Scyphozoa

Order: Semaeostomeae

Family: Ulmaridae

Genus: Aurelia

Species: aurita

Geography/ Habitat: Found throughout most of the world's oceans, from the tropics to as far north as latitude 70°N and as far south as 40°S. Life Strategy: it respires by diffusing oxygen from water through the thin membrane. Within the gastrovascular cavity, low oxygenated water can be expelled and high oxygenated water can come in by ciliated action, thus increasing the diffusion of oxygen through cell

Food/Feed Strategy: feed on plankton that includes organisms such as mollusks, crustaceans, tunicate larvae, rotifers, young polychaetes, protozoans, diatoms, eggs, fish eggs, and other small organisms

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Moon Jelly/ Aurelia aurita Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 111 Common Name: Purple-Striped Jelly Scientific Name: Chrysaora colorata

Class: Scyphozoa

Order: Semaeostomeae

Family: Pelagiidae

Genus: Chrysaora

Species: colorata

Geography/ Habitat: 

Exists primarily off the coast of California in Monterey Bay.

Life Strategy: The oral arm is used to transport prey to the gastrovascular cavity and to catch motionless prey

Food/Feed Strategy: Its diet consists of zooplankton, including copepods, larval fish, ctenophores, salps, other jellies, and fish eggs

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Purple- Striped Jelly/ Chrysaora colorata Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 112 Common Name: Reef Crab Scientific Name: Liomera cinctimana Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Xanthidae

Genus: Liomera

Species: cinctimana

Geography/ Habitat: The Reef Crab is found at low tide and below on rocky ocean shores, usually under loose rocks and boulders.

Life Strategy: If touched, it may pretend to be dead, with its hind legs stuck out at the rear in a very unusual posture. Food/Feed Strategy:

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Reef Crab/ Liomera cinctimana Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 113 Common Name: Ritteri Anemone Scientific Name: Heteractis magnifica Class: Anthozoa

Order: Actiniaria

Family: Stichodactylidae

Genus: Heteractis

Species: magnifica

Geography/ Habitat: 

Tends to live high up on reefs with much of its body exposed

Life Strategy: Its tentacles have a long, non-tapering shape that may, on occasion, appear swollen at the tips. They can almost completely retract into the base.

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Food/Feed Strategy: They absorb nutrients the water around them and they consume wastes from resident animals like clownfish. It is not necessary for them to be fed by Clownfish they host, though clowns will often carry chunks of food to the anemone.

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Ritteri Anemone/ Heteractis magnifica Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 114 Common Name: Sea Lemon Scientific Name: Peltodoris nobilis

Class: Gastropoda

Order: Nudipleura

Family: Dorididae

Genus: Peltodoris

Species: nobilis

Geography/ Habitat: 

Can be found in the low intertidal and subtidal zones.

They lay ribbons of white or yellow eggs

Sea lemons feed on sponges and other sessile animals or even on dead organic matter

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Sea Lemon/ Peltodoris nobilis Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 115 Common Name: Solitary Anemone

Scientific Name: Anthopleura sola

Class: Anthozoa Family: Actiniidae

Order: Actiniaria Genus: Anthopleura

Species: sola

Geography/ Habitat: 

lives in the inter-tidal region of the California coast

Life Strategy: When the tide goes out to leave the Anemone out of the water, the Anemone pushes its body up and over its tentacles and mouth. It folds itself in half like a taco

Diet consists of snails, crabs, clams, or other kinds of mollusks and crustaceans

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Solitary Anemone/ Anthopleura sola Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrate

Species #: 116 Common Name: Spiny Cushion Starfish

Scientific Name: Ceramaster granularis Class: Asteroidea

Order: Valvatida

Family: Goniasteridae

Genus: Ceramaster

Species: granularis

Geography/ Habitat: It can be found on depths between 10 and 100 metres, usually on hard sea floor. It can be found on both sides of the North Atlantic Ocean.

Life Strategy: The cushion star is a hermaphrodite but does not self-fertilize. Eggs are laid on the ground where they develop into larvae and eventually hatch as small sea stars.

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Food/Feed Strategy: They eat animals (carnivores), like sponges, clams, oysters, etc. Their stomach comes out of them and wraps around their prey. Digestive juices coat their prey and start to digest it. As it goes to mush, the starfish absorbs it and then sucks its stomach back in.

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Spiny Cushion Starfish/ Ceramaster granularis Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrate

Species #: 117 Common Name: Toxic Sea Urchin Scientific Name: Toxopneustes pileolus

Class: Echinoidea

Order: Temnopleuroida

Family: Toxopneustidae

Genus: Toxopneustes

Species: pileolus

Geography/ Habitat:

It lives in bay and lagoon, on sandy or rubble bottoms.

Life Strategy: The sting from the pedicellaria injects a poison, extremely painful and sometimes lethal also for humans.

Food/Feed Strategy: This sea urchin eats algae, small fish, mussels, sponges, brittle stars, and crinoids. It uses its spines to stun them.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Toxic Sea Urchin/ Toxopneustes pileolus Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 118 Common Name: True Carpet Anemone Scientific Name: Stichodactyla gigantea Class: Anthozoa

Order: Actiniaria

Family: Stichodactylidae

Genus: Stichodactyla

Species: gigantea

Geography/ Habitat: 

Resides on shallow seagrass beds or sand flats around 8 centimetres deep.

Serves as shelter for clown-fish and other fish who are immune to their sting.

Eats certain kinds of fish, shrimp, crustaceans, and plankton.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: True Carpet Anemone/ Stichodactyla gigantea Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 119 Common Name: Tube Sponge Scientific Name: Aplysina lacunosa Class:

Order:

Family:

Genus: Aplysina

Species: lacunosa

Geography/ Habitat: This species of tube sponge inhabits shallow tropical water and is generally not found below 100 feet.

Serves as a home and shelter for many animals

Food is obtained by filtering water through the large openings on the ends.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Tube Sponge/ Aplysina lacunosa Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Saltwater Invertebrates

Species #: 120 Common Name: Yellow- Marginate Nudibranch

Scientific Name: Cadlina luteomarginata Class: Gastropoda

Order: Nudipleura

Family: Cadlinidae

Genus: Cadlina

Species: luteomarginata

Geography/ Habitat: This species lives under rocks and in tidepools from the intertidal zone to a depth of about 20 m in the circalittoral zone.

Life Strategy: The radula has strongly hooked lateral teeth. Their subepithelial glands are compound and consist of large vacuoles with bluish stained content

Food/Feed Strategy: It eats several species of spiculate sponges and also sponges from the order Dendroceratida.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Yellow- Marginate Nudibranch/ Cadlina luteomarginata Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A


Freshwater Invertebrates


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 121 Common Name: Button Ramshorn Snail

Scientific Name: Anisus leucostoma Class: Gastropoda

Order: Pulmonata

Family: Planorbidae

Genus: Anisus

Species: leucostoma

Geography/ Habitat: Czech Republic- near threatened, Germany, Slovakia, British Isles, Great Britain, and Ireland Life Strategy:

 Food/Feed Strategy: 

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Anisus leucostoma Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 122 Common Name: Longtail Tadpole Shrimp Scientific Name: Triops longicaudatus

Class: Branchiopoda

Order: Notostraca

Family: Triopsidae

Genus: Triops

Species: longicaudatus

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Geography/ Habitat: It is widespread throughout the continental United States, Mexico and Hawaii, but not Alaska. Tadpole shrimps can be found in all parts of South America the West Indies, and the Pacific Islands, including Japan and New Caledonia Life Strategy: . Individuals may reproduce sexually, but this is rare, as most populations are highly male- or femalebiased. Parthenogenesis (development from unfertilized eggs) is the most common reproductive strategy Food/Feed Strategy: may eat algae, insects and other organic debris; known to chase very small fry and tadpoles, and oligochaete worms. In general, they eat anything organic that is smaller than themselves, which may even include their siblings

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Longtail Tadpole Shrimp/ Triops longicaudatus Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 123 Common Name: Water Ladybird Beetle Scientific Name: Anisoticta puntata Class: Insecta

Order: Coleoptera

Family: Coccinellidae

Genus: Anisoticta

Species: puntata

Geography/ Habitat: Found in England and Wales especially southern and central areas. On vegetation near or in water, especially reeds

Uses vegetation as a source of food and shelter

Aphids

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Water Ladybird Beetle/ Anisoticta puntata Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 124 Common Name: Marshall Mites Scientific Name: Arrenurus planus Class:

Order:

Family:

Genus: Arrenurus

Species: planus

Geography/ Habitat: 

Lives on organisms in and around water. Usually parasitic to the dragonfly.

Attach to living organisms and feed off of their nutrients.

Becomes a parasite to dragonflies and other organisms and feeds off of their bodies.

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Marshall Mites/ Arrenurus planus Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Life Strategy:

Food/Feed Strategy:

Fish Species Identification


Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 125 Common Name: Water fleas Scientific Name: Daphnia pulex Class: Branchiopoda

Order: Cladocera

Family: Daphniidae

Genus: Daphnia

Species: pulex

Geography/ Habitat: 

Can be found in almost all sorts of rich in nutrients waters.

Life Strategy: They reproduce in summer mostly parthenogenetic, that is, the eggs develop without undergoing fertilization.

Feeds on bacteria, fine detritus and very small algae

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Common Name/ Scientific Name: Water Fleas/ Daphnia pulex Body Form or Style: N/A Swim/Locomotion Style: N/A Mouth Position: N/A

Food/Feed Strategy:

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