Los Fresnos News 6-15-22

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Volume 18 Number 24

Los Fresnos, Tx 78566


New Whataburger Just-a-Around the Corner traffic, population, and location and determined the current site was the best fit for them." "I am glad I was able to bring this muchneeded option to Los Fresnos. As a banker, I have always been about acquisitions. Bringing in new employment companies is what I specialize in." Flores says. The Whataburger will have 2 drive-through lanes and will be roughly 4,000 square feet. So it’ll be a large Whataburger." Says Mark Milum, the City Manager of Los Fresnos. “Every business is vitally important to our community and Los Fresnos area residents support all of them.” He

Armyworms Inactive

Page 2 Emilio Flores Los Fresnos News

Volleyball Camp

Page 4

Los Fresnos High School Soccer

Page 4

With plans to be opening sometime in September, many people are eager to have a Whataburger in Los Fresnos. The mayor of Los Fresnos, Alejandro

“Alex” Flores, says that this is something he promised to bring to Los Fresnos since he was elected, back in November of 2020. Mayor Flores made fixing the city’s drainage system and bringing more businesses to town his top priorities when

Los Fresnos Home Grown

Questbridge Scholar Daniella Cardenas Set to Attend Columbia in the Fall

HHSC Preserving History of Austin State Hospital

Page 7

UTRGV Researchers Awarded Grant

Page 8 Photo from Los Fresnos CISD's website

LOOK INSIDE Classified................. pg 3 Sports...................... pg 4 Puzzles.................... pg 5 Activity Page........... pg 6

running for mayor back in 2020. Flores shares that he himself worked at a Whataburger for a total of five years. "My last role was a manager. So I knew all the contacts. I was able to get them to visit us. They did a study on

says that Whataburger is one of those businesses that everyone wants to have in their community and that “We are pleased that they have chosen to build a restaurant in Los Fresnos. It will give our residents one more option to choose from when deciding where to eat.” He mentions that this will also really show other businesses that Los Fresnos is a thriving growing community where other businesses can choose to locate and be profitable. The opening date of the new Whataburger seems to be sometime in September; of course, weather permitting and if all goes smoothly.

The following story is from Los Fresnos CISD's website; highlighting one of the many student graduates this year from Los Fresnos High school, Daniella Cardenas. The

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following was shared: Daniella Cardenas is looking forward to exploring a new environment and diverse opportunities when she leaves Los Fresnos High School

and inclusive scholarship that awards recipients over $200,000 to attend a QuestBridge partner college. The journey to QuestBridge scholar started in Cardenas’ junior year, when she attended a Zoom presentation through the Los Fresnos High School College Center. The scholarship is awarded to high school seniors who, despite financial challenges, excel academically. Cardenas was named a finalist in 2021 and “matched” with her first choice, Columbia University. The “Match” this May. schools offer the The fourth-ranking 4-year scholarship as a senior, and now combination of school QuestBridge scholar, is funding and state and CULL Generic 5x2 eng_Layout 1 10/30/12 11:27 AM set to attend Columbia federal aid. Cardenas University in the fall. received $348,860 It was made possible toward her higher through the prestigious education studies.

Cardenas says she chose Columbia, where she will major in Computer Science, for the incredible academic opportunity and challenge it will present. She looks forward to connecting with the network of fellow QuestBridge scholars, and enjoying the diverse culture and new life experiences in “one of the most famous cities in the world”. She says additional plans postundergrad. “A year ago, that would have seemed daunting, but now I find it more invigorating than anything,” said Cardenas. Daniella Cardenas is a product of Los Fresnos C.I.S.D. schools, attending Las Yescas Page 1 Elementary School, Liberty Memorial ® Middle School, and Los Fresnos High School.


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2 • June 15, 2022 • LOS FRESNOS NEWS

Armyworms Inactive So Far Despite Rain, Cool Front

Fall armyworms can be devastating to hayfields and pastures due to their appetite for green grass crops. (Texas A&M AgriLife photo by Bart Drees) Written by Adam Russell Texas forage producers are facing high fertilizer prices, but Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service experts do not expect they will face an early outbreak of fall armyworms. David Kerns, Ph.D., AgriLife Extension state integrated pest management specialist and professor in the Department of Entomology, said recent weather has not created conditions for the early migration of the devastating pest experienced in 2021. Populations typically build following large rain events and cooler weather. But Kerns said there is no indication that armyworm populations are building in southern areas of the state

following recent weather systems that dropped temperatures and delivered moisture. Fall armyworms’ name is indicative of their active season, but cool, wet weather can trigger outbreaks, Kern said. Populations of armyworms, which are extremely damaging to forage production, typically begin increasing sometime between July and September. “Fall armyworms typically build up in southeastern Texas, and the moths move northward throughout the eastern half of the state,” he said. “Last year, with all the spring and summer rains, that buildup occurred earlier than usual, but conditions are much

drier this year despite the recent storm fronts.” No reports of armyworms so far Fall armyworms are green with brown or black colorations and can be identified by the white inverted Y on their head. They can grow up to 1 inch in length when mature. The pest got its name because they appear to march army-like across hay fields, consuming the grass in their path. Armyworm moths can lay up to 2,000 eggs that hatch in two to three days, according to a 2019 report by Allen Knutson, Ph.D., AgriLife Extension entomologist, retired. Vanessa Corriher-Olson, Ph.D., AgriLife Extension

forage specialist, Overton, said there are four to five generations that move throughout the state per growing season. They typically move north from Mexico and South Texas as temperatures warm in the spring. Generations will push further north into midwestern states, but moths and larvae remain present throughout the state. Drier, hotter conditions slow their life cycles, Corriher-Olson said. Moths lay fewer eggs and caterpillar growth is slowed. But rainfall and cooler temperatures can trigger major infestations when local populations, new hatches and migrating moths descend on areas with quality food sources. Corriher-Olson said continued drier conditions overall in southern parts of the state are likely to curb any early issues forage producers may have experienced in 2021. “I have not received any reports or phone calls, and that tells me populations in areas where the armyworm migration begins have not reached any level of concern,” she said. No problem until there is a problem Corriher-Olson said producers typically react to fall armyworm outbreaks when they occur, which has

led to product availability issues during the pandemic. She noted, however, that she had not received any reports about insecticide shortages to date. “Many producers take a reactionary approach to armyworms because of the expense,” she said. “Some producers may have products on hand that are left over from last year, but most are going to be monitoring the situation to their south and plan accordingly.” Kerns said conditions may not be shaping up for armyworms at this point in the forage production season, but producers with Sudan grass, hay grazer and other forages related to sorghum should be on the lookout for sorghum aphids, also known as sugarcane aphids. While armyworms prefer wetter, cooler weather, sorghum aphids prefer hot, dry conditions, he said. There have been reports of the aphids in grain sorghum fields in South Texas. Aphids feed on leaves and leave a sap that further damages the plant, and major infestations can greatly impact forage yields. Corriher-Olson said forage pests like fall armyworms and aphids are always a threat to

producers’ bottom lines, but yield losses could magnify their impact on budgets due to higher input costs, especially fertilizer applications. Many forage producers are forgoing or reducing fertilizer applications, which could impact where infestations build, she said. Fall armyworms will settle on any green pasture, but they prefer lush, fertilized forages. “Fertilized fields are more at risk to be damaged,” she said. “So, when it comes to armyworms, we don’t want to see a producer spend money to produce quality forage and have armyworms destroy it.” AgriLife Extension district reporters compiled the following summaries: ROLLING PLAINS Rainfall amounts were from 1.5-3 inches. The rains helped the soil moisture profile, but more rain was needed to fill stock tanks. There was very little green grass in pastures. Wheat harvest continued in the little bit of wheat worth combining. Yield reports ranged from 3-25 bushels per acre. Supplemental hay feeding of cattle continued.

► Armyworms Inactive CONTINUED ON PAGE 8

Ask Our Dentists by DR. ADAM LALONDE


Can stress affect your teeth? Stress can lead to teeth grinding, otherwise known as bruxism. But this is just one symptom. The other is chronic jaw clenching that can also affect your jaw joint (TMJ). While it can happen any time of day, bruxism often occurs at night, causing an individual to wake up with any number of symptoms including jaw Dr. Adam Lalonde pain, headaches, and sore teeth that may even feel loose. What kind of damage does bruxism cause? Untreated bruxism can result in the fracturing, chipping or complete loss of your natural teeth. The clenching can result in clicking or popping sounds, hearing problems, or even changes to your facial features. What can people do to prevent the damage? To alleviate the symptoms of bruxism wearing a custom night guard while sleeping is frequently recommended. Wearing a night guard prevents a number of damaging issues including muscle strain, excessive pressure on jaw joint and dental damage resulting from the teeth rubbing against each other. For more information, call our office 956233-4400 or visit us at www.losfresnosdental. com.



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Kids Fit Camp

Summer Reading Program

Swimming Lessons

Sessions beginning June 6th! 6 Week Program

Week 1: June 13 - June 16

Session 1:

Mondays & Wednesdays! Time: 9am & 6pm Children Ages: 4-12

Week 2: June 20 - June 23

“An Ocean of Wonders”

“Seven Seas, Infinite Wonders”

Week 3: June 27 - June 30 “Our Blue Planet”

402 W Ocean Blvd. | 956-233-5330 EXT 1602

For more information contact Christine Martinez 956-312-1406 Location: Los Fresnos Memorial Park 900 N. Arroyo Blvd.

Session A: Mon & Wed 10:30am - 2:30pm

Session B: Tues & Thur 10:30am - 2:30pm

June 6 - June 9, June 13 - June 16

Session 2: June 20 - June 23, June 27 - June 30 Class 1: 8am - 9am Class 2: 9am - 10am Class 3: 10am - 11am Register at City Hall | 956-233-5768

Adult Workout Classes

Senior Center

Free Movie!

Workout classes available mornings and evenings!

All seniors are invited to enjoy coffee, cookies, Chalupa/Loteria, music, and games!

Join us at the Los Fresnos Community Center for a free movie hosted by Los Fresnos Police Department!

204 N. Brazil St. at 3:00 P.M.

Los Fresnos Memorial Park 900 N. Arroyo Blvd.

Join us Tuesdays & Thursdays from 8am - 12pm All individuals 60 & over

For more information contact Christine Martinez 956-312-1406

204 N. Brazil St. Lupita Garcia 956-233-4350

Join us for zumba, boot camp, kickboxing, lap swimming, & water aerobics!

ÿ ÿ

June 16 & June 30th Free snacks for everyone! 956-233-4473

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4 • June 15, 2022 • LOS FRESNOS NEWS

Los Fresnos Volleyball Camp 2022 was a huge success! We had a record of 235 campers! Thank you all for your continued support! It was great seeing you & we definitely enjoyed having you all! Enjoy the rest of your summer!

Los Fresnos High School Soccer teams have been putting in the work to stay health during the off season. LFHS Girls' Soccer Twitter account tweeted, "36 Boys and 29 girls got better today! Keep working!

UTRGV Athletics Hires Marques Dantzler

RIO GRANDE VALLEY – The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (UTRGV) Department of Intercollegiate Athletics announced on Tuesday the hiring of Marques Dantzler, who has nearly two decades of experience working in college athletics, including this past year as the associate athletic director for NCAA compliance at Manhattan College, as senior associate athletic director for compliance and administration. In his new role, Dantzler is responsible for the direction, coordination and maintenance of a comprehensive compliance program and managing in accordance with university, conference, and NCAA rules, regulations, and procedures. He serves as the liaison for athletics to the NCAA Eligibility Center as well as university legal and UT System legal counsel on administrative matters for the department. He is also the liaison for undergraduate admissions and financial services, working collaboratively with units across campus to develop policies and procedures that ensure institutional, conference, and NCAA compliance. During his time at Manhattan, Dantzler oversaw the compliance and student-athlete development efforts of the department's 19 Division I sport programs and its student-athletes. "I am excited to welcome Marques to our department,” UTRGV Deputy Director of

Athletics/Senior Woman Administrator Molly Castner said. “He brings a wealth of experience in college athletics and is going to be a great asset to our studentathletes and coaches. As administrators, we are here to help our student-athletes and coaches succeed, and Marques will be a key element in maintaining and elevating our success." Coming to UTRGV is a return to the Western Athletic Conference (WAC) for Dantzler, who previously chaired the WAC Administrators Group and served as a member of the WAC Board of Athletic Advisors while serving as the senior compliance administrator at Chicago State from July 2019 through Nov. 2020. This is also a return to South Texas for Dantzler, who previously worked at Texas A&M-Kingsville as assistant athletic director for compliance (June 2011 through May 2013) and assistant athletic director for academics and compliance (Sept. 2014 through May 2016), a tenure interrupted only by a year at Incarnate Word, which is joining the WAC on July 1, as assistant athletic director for compliance. “We are excited to have Marques join the UTRGV family and we welcome him back to south Texas,” UTRGV Vice President and Director of Athletics Chasse Conque said. “His wealth of experiences, coupled with his passion to help student-athletes and coaches, makes him a great

addition to our department. We are in the midst of transformational times at UTRGV, and Marques will play a very important role in helping our department reach our full potential." A 2017 graduate of the NCAA Pathway Program, Dantzler started his career in college athletics as a facilities assistant at Buffalo State in 2002-03. He then took on the dual role of assistant men’s basketball coach and sports information intern at Hilbert College in 200304 before transitioning into compliance at Troy in 2004-05. Dantzler spent the next six years working in compliance at Power 5 institutions, first at Michigan as assistant compliance coordinator (2005-07) and then at Oklahoma as director of compliance (2007-11). “I am very excited about returning to South Texas and joining the UTRGV team,” Dantzler said. “I want to thank Chasse Conque, Molly Castner and everyone who participated in the search process. The future is bright for UTRGV, and I look forward to contributing to its success.” Dantzler majored in finance and earned his Bachelor of Science in Business at Auburn in 2000. He initially went to work as a bank examiner for the State of Alabama Banking Department before moving to Buffalo, N.Y., to earn his Master of Science in Sport Administration at Canisius and work at Buffalo State.

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June 15, 2022 • LOS FRESNOS NEWS • 5

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6 • June 15, 2022 • LOS FRESNOS NEWS


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June 15, 2022 • LOS FRESNOS NEWS • 7

HHSC Preserving History of Austin State Hospital Archaeologists Excavated More Than 6,500 Artifacts on Hospital Campus

Archaeologist Workspace: Kathryn Siefker, Curator of the Bullock Texas State History Museum, and Nadya H. Prociuk, Ph.D., Principal Investigator on the ASH Construction Project, selecting artifacts to be displayed at the Bullock Museum.

AUSTIN – As part of the revitalization of the Austin State Hospital, the Texas Health and Human Services Commission is preserving the history of the state’s oldest psychiatric hospital, including more than 6,500 artifacts that archaeologists have found at the campus. From June through October, a small collection will be displayed at the Bullock Texas State History Museum in Austin. The hospital opened in 1861. It is now undergoing a transformation that includes the construction of a replacement

hospital that will open in November 2023. During the construction of the new hospital, archaeologists have been excavating around the campus to recover and conserve artifacts. “As we continue to discover these precious artifacts, we’re getting some unique insight into how psychiatric care has evolved over the past century in Texas,” said Scott Schalchlin, HHS deputy executive commissioner of the Health and Specialty Care System. “This knowledge not only gives us a glimpse into the past, it also propels the future of mental health care.”

Some of the artifacts showcase the selfsufficiency of the hospital that once had its own power plant, water system, carpentry shop, mattress factory, sewing room for clothing and bedding, ice factory, cemetery, and farm that included crops and livestock. Archaeologists have found farming tools, industrial sewing machines, and thousands of porcelain buttons that were popular during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Other artifacts include items that give some perspective about life inside the hospital, including game pieces like marbles, board game markers and checkers pieces. Archaeologists made some other discoveries including several military buttons from WWI and WWII and some Native American stone tools. The excavations began in October 2019 and continue with the ongoing construction at the campus. HHSC is preserving the artifacts, and there is a chance for the public to view a small collection of them. From June through October, some of the artifacts will be displayed at the Bullock Texas State History Museum in Austin. The display highlights the evolution of the state hospital system, including an “Austin State Hospital” sign from 1925, which

Retrieving Sewing Machine: Staff members of the Bullock Texas State History Museum retrieve an industrial sewing machine from Austin State Hospital.

marked the year the hospital’s name was changed from “Texas State Lunatic Asylum.” Pictures of some of the artifacts, the Bullock Museum display, and the archaeology efforts can be seen below. The preservation of the hospital’s history also includes the digitization of documents including medical records, personnel documents, and construction documents. Some of the records are more than 100 years old. For more information about the document preservation project check out this link https://www.hhs. texas.gov/news/2022/02/ project-will-helppreserve-aging-austinstate-hospital-records Construction at Austin State Hospital HHSC partnered with Dell Medical School at The University of Texas at Austin to design and construct a 240-bed replacement hospital at ASH. It will have private rooms for each patient and ten 24-bed units that each have therapy rooms, classrooms, exercise rooms, an activity/ multipurpose room, and other therapy spaces. Once construction is completed in November 2023, the building will replace the current hospital and allow staff to provide psychiatric care under one roof, instead of multiple buildings.

Porcelain Buttons: Archaeologists found countless buttons and sewing notions where the tailor shop once stood at Austin State Hospital.

Farm Tool: The remnants of this farm tool speak to the decades of farming and gardening that took place on campus by both staff and patients.

Viewing Display: Crowds viewing the display of Austin State Hospital artifacts during a mental health event at the Bullock Museum on May 19, 2022.

Viewing Display: Crowds viewing the display of Austin State Hospital artifacts during a mental health event at the Bullock Museum on May 19, 2022.

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UTRGV Researchers Awarded Grant to Study Motor Recovery in Stroke Survivors

Dr. Michael R. Dobbs, chair of the Department of Neurology, UTRGV School of Medicine, and Dr. Kelsey Baker, assistant professor, Department of Neuroscience, UTRGV School of Medicine, were a awarded a grant from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke to study the motor recovery, along with the brain and spine degeneration, of 30 stroke survivors over the next three years. (UTRGV Photos)

By Maria Gonzalez

three years. The grant was awarded by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), which is part of the federal government’s National Institutes of Health (NIH). Dobbs said the R15 NIH grant will allow him to study whether degeneration after a stroke affects some areas of the brain more progressively than others, and whether that

degeneration extends to the level of the spinal cord. “We want to determine how this degeneration impacts the ability to move the first three months after a stroke,” Dobbs said. The project, titled, “Role of Alternative Sensorimotor Pathway Degeneration in Motor Function of in Acute Stroke,” will be led by principal investigator Dobbs, and co-PI Dr.

► Armyworms Inactive CONTINUED FROM PAGE 2 COASTAL BEND planted so far. More rain Southern parts of the will be needed for decent area reported showers that cotton, corn and sorghum produced trace amounts yields. Pumpkin farmers to 2 inches of rain. Crops started planting. Cattle were with irrigation looked good, being supplementally fed. but dryland producers The recent rainfall helped were concerned about crop pastures a little. losses. Cotton benefitted the most from rain, but more PANHANDLE moisture will be needed to Soil moisture conditions see good yields. Corn and were very short to short. grain sorghum were drying Recent rains helped down and any moisture irrigated crops like wheat, would probably only help corn and cotton some. with the kernel weight. Earlier planted corn was Rangeland and pastures up and growing, but some showed a slight color silage corn plantings were change with rain, but not still on hold. Cotton was much growth occurred, and already planted or going conditions remained poor in, but producers were not to fair. Livestock were still optimistic about yields. in a decline and receiving Rangeland and pasture supplemental feed. Hay conditions improved, but supplies were dwindling. much more rain will be More cattle producers needed to sustain a greenwere weaning early and up. Overall, rangeland and culling out poor producing pasture conditions remained cows. Cattle market prices poor, and crop conditions remained high. were poor to fair.

appeared to be gaining well. Supplemental feeding continued for livestock and wildlife, and forage quality looked poor. Rainfall will be necessary for continued forage production. Some hay producers were considering transitioning pastures to native forage production due to lack of rain and increased fertilizer costs.

RIO GRANDE VALLEY, TEXAS – June 2, 2022 – Dr. Michael R. Dobbs, professor and chair of the Department of Neurology in the UTRGV School of Medicine, has been awarded a $443,963 grant to research the motor recovery, along with the brain and spine degeneration, of 30 stroke survivors over the next

EAST Recent rains helped, but soils dried quickly. Pasture and rangeland conditions were fair. Subsoil and topsoil conditions were short to adequate. Hay production continued. Yields were much lower than normal as producers reduced fertilizer applications due to higher input costs. Harrison County reported problematic fly populations. Livestock were in fair to good condition. SOUTH PLAINS Producers received another significant rainfall shower this week across the county. Rainfall totals ranged from 0.5 inches to 2 inches. Some large hail was also mixed with the heavier rain. Cooler temperatures helped conditions. Rain was in the forecast. Cotton planting was in full swing with about 80% of acres

NORTH Soil moisture ranged from adequate to short. Warmer temperatures and higher wind speeds dried up soil moisture. Corn, cotton and soybeans were doing well. Early planted corn was tasseling. The wheat harvest began, and fields looked good. No widespread insect or disease pressure was reported. Pasture and rangeland conditions were fair to good and had improved slightly following recent rainfall. The first hay harvests of Bermuda grass, ryegrass, Bahia grass or oats were cut and rolled without issue this year. This was the first early forage harvest in the past few years not delayed by rainfall or wet conditions. Cattle were in good to excellent condition. Horn and stable flies were increasing significantly, and horseflies and deerflies were worsening. Spring calves

FAR WEST Weather was variable. A cold front dropped temperatures into the 40s and brought rainfall, hail and dust storms that took visibility to zero, but temperatures quickly returned to the 90s. A very narrow band of storms left trace amounts of rain up to 1.5 inches. Hail damage to farm equipment, barns, trees and residences was severe. Emerged cotton was hailed out. Cotton, especially Pima fields, looked good in other areas. Corn continued to make progress, but heat was starting to take its toll. Melons looked good and were making good progress. Pecan trees were coming along nicely and set a good crop. Some pecan nut casebearer pressure was reported. Alfalfa looked decent. Pastures remained completely bare. Cattle conditions continued to worsen, and some ranchers completed weaning. WEST CENTRAL Thunderstorms delivered from 1.5-3 inches of rainfall to most areas. Forages perked up with the moisture, but temperatures in the 90s and windy days could impact moisture retention. Some farmers harvested wheat last week, but yields were poor. Cotton outlooks were looking slim as well. Herd liquidation was slowly happening. Some producers with hay chose to feed through

Kelsey Baker, assistant professor in the Department of Neuroscience at the UTRGV School of Medicine. Baker said it is estimated that, by 2030, an additional 3.4 million adults will experience a stroke. “White Hispanic males are projected to experience the highest rates,” she said, “In addition, preliminary estimates from our work suggest that stroke is a

particular concern in South Texas and the Rio Grande Valley.” Dr. Thomas Spencer, associate vice president for UTRGV’s Division of Research, said the division fully supports the work Dobbs and his research team are doing. “Their search for advancements in the diagnosis and treatment of patients needing neurological care is important – and in many cases critical – not just to patients in the Valley, but around the world,” he said. This federal funding will provide the means to collect high-resolution and advanced neuroimaging protocols (MRI) through one of the first studies to capture neuronal pathway changes in the spinal cord in acute stroke. The study will be conducted at the newly established UTRGV Institute of Neuroscience in Harlingen. NEUROLOGY AND NEUROSCIENCE TRAINING FOR THE NEXT GENERATION

NIH grant reviewers called the grant application “a highly translational application from an experienced clinicianscientist that could produce some intriguing new clinical science for stroke survivors, while creating an outstanding training opportunity for students at UTRGV…” Dobbs said this Research Enhancement Award Program (REAP) project will provide a valuable opportunity for medical students to be exposed to hypothesis-driven research within the Valley. It also will enhance the UTRGVNIH research portfolio and provide medical students and undergraduate students opportunities to be at the forefront of research data collection and presentation. “Additionally, the work will lead to publications in scientific journals,” Dobbs said, “and could lead to additional funded projects through other NIH mechanisms.” The grant lasts through March 31, 2025.

A map of the 12 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension districts drought, but many were selling off their herds. An ongoing wildfire near Abilene was under control, but not before it burned 10,900 acres. SOUTHEAST Heavy rains helped soil moisture levels. Some hay was cut, and rice was fertilized. Forages were growing and producers in several areas cut their first hay crop with no pests reported. Rains slowed crop planting in some areas. Rice planting was not complete. Some areas remained dry and reported declining pasture, rangeland and crop conditions. Rangeland and pastures ranged from very poor to excellent condition. Soil moisture levels were short to surplus. SOUTHWEST Some areas received 0.75-3 inches of rain. The rainfall helped alleviate the drought stress for crops that survived to this point. Hot temperatures persisted

and pastures looked overgrazed. Wheat and oat harvests were complete with below-average yields reported. Irrigated corn looked good, and cotton was doing well. Producers eased up on supplemental feeding due to the recent rains, but pasture conditions continued to decline in drier areas. Mesquite spraying was underway. Diet supplementation continued for livestock and wildlife, and forage production looked poor. Irrigated hay fields were in good condition. SOUTH Moisture levels in northern areas were very short, while eastern and western areas reported short to adequate soil moisture. Southern areas reported adequate to surplus moisture. Most areas reported rainfall with amounts ranging from 0.3-8 inches. Pastures and rangelands responded well to the moisture. Livestock

conditions were improving and producers were decreasing supplemental feed. Cattle prices remained strong. Cattle producers in drier areas continued to provide supplemental feed to maintain body condition scores. Producers who planted hay grazer before the rains were expecting good growth. Significant rain missed croplands in northern parts of the district. Row crops and forages in areas that received rain were expected to improve significantly. Irrigated crops like watermelons, cantaloupes and Bermuda grass looked good. Cotton was expected to respond well to the moisture. Flooding and hail damaged some crops. Hail damaged around 5,000 acres of grain, sesame, sunflowers, watermelons and corn. Sorghum aphid pressure increased, and weeds were becoming an issue as fields were too wet to spray.