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BIBI CORRUPTION CHARGES BEGIN BY ADAM MOSES

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s defence lawyers started stating their case in the indictment hearing at the Ministry of Justice in Jerusalem on Wednesday. The case was brought after Attorney General Avichai Mandelblit recommended the proceedings on fraud, breach of trust and bribery charges. If indicted, it was announced yesterday Netanyahu will take a “leave of absence”. “This is not an easy step in leadership,” Speaker of the Knesset Yuli Edelstein told Israeli broadcaster Kan. “The prime minister is prepared to pay this price to establish a government.” Netanyahu faces corruption charges, known as Cases 4000, 1000 and 2000, but did not attend the initial hearing behind closed doors. His defense team are confident charges will be dropped as

Benjamin Netanyahu

PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK

they have fresh evidence to present and are not considering a plea bargain or presidential pardon. The past two days centred on Case 4000 on charges over alleged favourable coverage on the Walla! News website in return for regulatory benefits. Case 1000 details charges of fraud and breach of trust on Netanyahu and his family over allegedly receiving banned gifts from billionaire business magnates Arnon Milchan and James Packer.

Case 2000 alleges Netanyahu attempted to negotiate favourable coverage in Yedioth Ahronoth in return for promoting legislation against rival newspaper Israel Hayom. Netanyahu has consistently maintained his innocence through years of investigation. Labelling allegations a “witch hunt”, he has vocally criticised the media, police, prosecutors and justice system. Mandelblit refused his request to air the hearings live last week. Netanyahu argued it would balance “a deluge of biased, partial leaks” against him. It has been reported that legal experts view a prospect of indictment high given evidence collected by police and prosecution lawyers recommending a trial. Netanyahu continued his efforts to form a coalition government and Israel’s politicians were sworn in to the 22nd Knesset as hearings took place this week.

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New figures show close to 15 million Jews worldwide BY NATALIE ASH There are 14.8 million Jewish people worldwide according to the Jewish Agency. The annual statistics revealed for Rosh Hashanah showed a 100,000 increase with 8.1 million Jews living outside Israel. The United States boasts the largest population in the Diaspora with 5.7 million Jews. After Israel and the US, France leads the way with 450,000 Jews followed by Canada (392,000), United Kingdom (292,000), Argentina (180,000), Russia (165,000), Germany (118,000) and Australia (118,000). The Agency illustrated 26,000 Jews reside in Arab and Muslim states headed by Turkey on 15,000, Iran (8,500), Morocco (2,000) and Tunisia (2,000). Statistics are based on self-identification as Jewish and not as another religion. The Central Bureau of Statistics annual report listed Israel’s population at just over 9 million. Israeli society consists of 74.2% Jews (6,744,000), 21% Arabs (1,907,000) and 4% classed as others. Up 2.1% on 2018, analysts predict it will hit 10 million by 2024

and 20 million by 2065. Forty-three percent of Jews in Israel identified as non-religious or secular, 22.1% traditional or slightly religious. In terms of those identifying as religious some 12.8% were traditional, 11.3% religious and 10.1% ultra-Orthodox. Just under 90% of Israelis were satisfied with life. But 36.1% were unhappy with the economic situation as 29.9% struggled to pay bills. Life expectancy for men in Israel is 80.9 years and 84.9 for women Statistics illustrated one in seven Israelis had a severe disability. Israel is the 99th most populated country in the world, not including 250,000 illegal foreign workers and African migrants living in Israel. There were 806,000 residents when Israel was established, the population reached one million in 1949 and two million nine years later. Regarding eligibility of citizenship under Israel’s Law of Return, which requires one Jewish grandparent, the Jewish Agency noted the global figure would shoot up to 23.6 million Jews.

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IDF arrest three terrorists over teen murder

Rina Shnerb

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Israel Defence Forces have arrested three terrorists responsible for the death of teenager Rina Shnerb in a terror attack last August. The 17-year-old was killed by an explosive device while visiting the Danny Spring, named after an Israeli terror victim, near the West Bank settlement of Dolev. Rina’s 19-year-old brother Dvir was seriously wounded in the attack, her father Eitan sustained light wounds. Samar Arbid, 44, of Ramallah, organised the attack and is one of PFLP’s senior officials in the West Bank. According to Israel’s military, Arbid built

and detonated the bomb. Kassam Shabali, 25, from Kobar, made explosive material. Yazen Majamas, also 25, from Ramallah, has previously been involved in terror cells. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine members were detained in a joint operation involving Shin Bet, the IDF and Israel Police. Shin Bet said the trio have been involved in planning other attacks. During interrogation, security services discovered an explosive device belonging to the terror cell. It is believed Arbid’s terror ring were planning more attacks against Israelis.

Neo-Nazis rally in Dortmund on Rosh Hashanah Neo-Nazis marched through the streets of Dortmund calling for Palestinian support and the destruction of the State of Israel on the first day of Rosh Hashanah. Israel’s Ambassador to Germany Jeremy Issacharoff slated the rally that saw around 70 neo-Nazi activists display Third Reich flags chanting “Palestine help us, Israel still exists” and “Israel no more”.

“Disgraceful to see neo-Nazis openly on the streets of Dortmund just as we celebrate the Jewish New Year,” noted Issacharoff on social media, who added his wife’s great grandparents, who were from Dortmund, were murdered by the Nazis. “Where there is no remorse there can be no forgiveness,” he added. Anti-Fascists are set to march in retaliation against the activists.

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Outrage as Dame Margaret faces reselection contest BY NATALIE ASH Political and Jewish leaders have blasted Labour activists for forcing Dame Margaret Hodge into a reselection contest for her parliamentary seat. The former minister, an outspoken critic of leader Jeremy Corbyn, diplomatically said she was “disappointed” after Labour branches of her Barking constituency triggered the prospect. Support for the esteemed politician has been widespread and forthright. Mike Katz of Jewish Labour Movement, labelled the move “shameful”, and blamed a “toxic atmosphere and culture of denialism” in the party. Noting Dame Margaret was a “steadfast campaigner” against racism, fascism and intolerance throughout her political life,” he added, “She saw off the BNP in Barking, and has over the last few years been determined in her opposition to anti-Semitism within the Labour Party." The JLM chair continued, “This is a shameful moment for a Party which claims to embody the values of equality and diversity. She has been the target of vicious smears, derision and anti-Semitism, because she has been resolute in her opposition to anti-Jewish racism. “This takes place at the same time that the Party are being investigated for unlawful discrimination by the Equalities and Human Rights Commission. “This could not have happened without the toxic atmosphere and culture of denialism that has gripped the Party. Engineered by the Party’s leadership, it has been enforced by a sordid coalition of fake news, factionalism and the frontbench. “Margaret is a doughty fighter, and JLM will be right alongside her over the coming weeks.” Elsewhere, former Labour Cabinet minister David Miliband tweeted, “Truly crazy. Any constituency would be lucky to have Margaret as their MP.” Ruth Smeeth, Stoke-on-Trent North MP, commented, “Margaret Hodge is a loyal friend, brilliant MP, and my ally in the fight against the anti-Jewish hate that’s too prevalent in Labour. “Those trying to oust her do a disservice to Barking and to our Party. Their actions will be viewed for what they are, shameful and contemptible.” New rules, passed at last year’s Labour conference, mean just a third of branches can initiate a reselection as opposed to 50% previously. Dame Margaret, in a statement, said, “I am obviously disappointed. My priority remains serving the people of Barking as I have done for the last 25 years. “At a vital time for the country, with a general election looming, we should be focusing our efforts on holding Boris Johnson

Dame Margaret Hodge

Largest Nazi haul discovered in Argentinian history

PHOTO: WIKIMEDIA

New rules, passed at last year’s Labour conference, mean just a third of branches can initiate a reselection as opposed to 50% previously. and the Tories to account. I will work to secure the full backing of Barking Labour Party, so I can continue to play my part as their MP in doing that.” Dame Margaret on numerous occasions has criticised Corbyn’s handling of Labour’s anti-Semitism crisis. Only last week at the Labour Party Conference the esteemed parliamentarian made it clear she’d not give up until Corbyn ceased to be leader of the Party. A vocal critic of the Labour leader, she told Sky News the party was at “a tipping point” over anti-Semitism following revelations in a BBC Panorama documentary earlier this year. And after reports Corbyn had written a foreword to JA Hobson’s controversial 1902 book, Imperialism: A Study, re-published in 2011, claiming Jews controlled banks and the press, she lambasted his contribution as “disgusting”. At a Manchester’s #EnoughisEnough solidarity rally just a year ago, Dame Margaret made her voice heard, insisting the Labour leader must take responsibility for what was happening in the party. “He may be right to say that anti-Semitism exists elsewhere, but he is wrong to suggest that our mission to eradicate anti-Semitism from the Labour Party is simply an attempt to silence any criticism of the

Israeli government,” she noted. “I will never accept anti-Semitism that is dressed up as something else, as a voice for Palestinian rights, when it is plain simple hatred of Jews.” Archives illustrate other instances of note. Fiona Sharpe, Labour Against Antisemitism, said the move to trigger a vote was further evidence of hostility towards Jews that is endemic within the Labour Party. She added, “Earlier this year the Wavertree MP Luciana Berger departed Labour citing anti-Semitic abuse. Now it appears another Jewish woman who has also been critical of anti-Jewish racism is being targeted. “Labour Against Antisemitism stands in solidarity with Dame Margaret and hope she is successful in her fight against deselection.” The Board of Deputies was succinct in its viewpoint on social media. “She should be lauded as a hero not threatened with deselection. That Labour shelters antisemites while attacking anti-racism campaigners is why EHRC is investigating,” they noted. “Margaret Hodge stood up to far right racism of the BNP and far left racism in her own party. She should be lauded as a hero not threatened with deselection.

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Seized items

PHOTO: MINISTERIO SEGURIDAD/FACEBOOK

The Museum of the Holocaust in Buenos Aires has taken responsibility for the largest collection of Nazi items discovered in Argentinian history this week. Interpol agents and Federal police discovered over 70 objects hidden behind a bookcase in a collector’s home in a stunning find in June 2017. The haul was part of an investigation into artwork of unlawful origins. Macabre items included Adolf Hitler busts, Nazi eagle statues, a Nazi hourglass and swastika decorated harmonicas. Owning Nazi-related material Argentina is illegal in the South American nation if they incite racial or religious hate in public. Though permissible privately it is unclear in this case whether an anti-discrimination law has been broken. It is believed the items were brought to Argentina by Nazis fleeing the Second World War when the country was known for harbouring notorious criminals. Museum president, Marcelo Mindlin, said the items encouraged “hate, death, and destruction.” He added they would become part of an exhibition in the service of transmitting democratic values, education and a fight for memory so tragedies like the Holocaust are not repeated. The objects remain in custody at the museum while investigations continue. Recent statistics from the Jewish Agency for Rosh Hashanah reveal Argentina with 180,000 Jews is the fifth largest population in the Diaspora after the United States and United Kingdom.


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WJC slam Swedish Centre Party over circumcision ban BY ADAM MOSES World Jewish Congress has backed the Jewish Central Council of Sweden’s stance on condemning a decision by the Centre Party Conference to progress a ban on circumcision. Both bodies have called for dialogue with the party. “Circumcision is a central tenet of life and ritual for Jews and Muslims alike, and must be maintained as an indelible religious right in Sweden and everywhere in the world,” said WJC President Ronald S. Lauder. “Prohibiting any citizen from circumcising their sons as has been the practice of their ancestors for thousands of years is tantamount to decreeing an end to the future of their religious life in this country.” He added, “We cannot sit idly by as such attacks are unleashed on our communities and our customs. The freedom of religion and belief is one of the most critical foundations in the principle of democracy everywhere. We must not let this freedom be destroyed.” In other news, WJC mourned the passing of former President of the French Republic Jacques Chirac last week. One of the most recognised political figures in the world, the 86-year-old spearheaded his country’s acceptance of its role in the Holocaust. Chirac recognised his country’s role specifically in the deportation of Jews to death camps. Lauder described Chirac as a “true tour de force” among European leaders for taking it upon himself to deal with his country’s past in recognising France’s “dark history” in aiding Nazi Germany in the oppression and murder of Jews during the Holocaust. He added, “Mr. Chirac understood that burying these crimes ran in direct contradiction to the essential values of liberté, égalité, and fraternité upon which the French Republic was founded.” Lauder said he would remember Chirac as a “friend of the Jewish people, as a champion of democracy and national unity”. French president Emmanuel Macron said Chirac, who died last Thursday surrounded by his family, was “a great Frenchman” and that he “protected France from extremism and hate”. For French Jews, his speech at the Vel d’Hiv deportation memorial in July 1995 was a historic moment as prior to that moment France accepted no responsibility for the actions of Nazi Germany during the Second World War. Chirac did however face criticism from the French Jewish community a year after attending the funeral of former Israel leader Yitzhak Rabin for opposing Jewish settlements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. This was most apparent when he visited the old city of Jerusalem in 1996.

WJC President Ronald S. Lauder

PHOTO: WIKIMEDIA

Elsewhere, WJC lambasted Columbia University for inviting Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad to speak at a World Leaders Forum. Mohamad is known for repeated anti-Semitic outbursts. “Unfortunately, it comes as no shock that the same institution that hosted the Jew-hating president of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, will be hosting the unabashedly anti-Semitic Prime Minister of Malaysia,” President Lauder reportedly said in a statement to the New York Post. Referring to Ahmadinejad's address on the Columbia campus in 2007, he added, “It is nothing short of astounding that a university that prides itself on being a place of tolerance and inclusion will be handing the microphone over to a leader who has described Jews as ‘hook-nosed.’” Lauder added that Mohamad had been quoted as saying ‘Europeans killed six million Jews out of 12 million. But today the Jews rule this world by proxy. They get others to fight and die for them.’ Columbia University President Lee Bollinger defended the invite to student groups including Students Supporting Israel by letter. “This form of open engagement can sometimes be difficult, even painful. But to abandon this activity would be to limit severely our capacity to understand and confront the world as it is, which is a central and utterly serious mission for any academic institution,” Bollinger reportedly said. He added, “I find the anti-Semitic statements of Prime Minister Mahathir to be abhorrently contrary to what we stand for, and deserving condemnation. Nevertheless, it is in these times that we are most strongly resolved to insist that our campus remain

an open forum and to protect the freedoms essential to our university community.” Lauder dismissed Bollinger’s defence. “Columbia University should be ashamed of themselves,” he said. “It is no surprise that incidents of anti-Semitism are on the rise in New York City when it is being preached from the stages of one of its premier universities.” Away from the UN General Assembly, WJC hosted Austrian President Alexander Van der Bellen and Spanish Foreign Minister Josep Borrell in New York. The meeting with President Van der Bellen at his Neue Galerie in Manhattan focused on a recent decision of the Austrian Parliament to grant citizenship to Austrian Jews expelled by the Nazis and their descendants. Lauder described the development as a positive move for Austria and Jewish people. The Austrian Citizenship Act was adopted last month and takes effect in 12 months. President Van der Bellen, who praised the decision, also discussed upcoming general elections in Austria and his country’s close ties with Israel. Topics discussed with Foreign Minister Borrell included the rise of anti-Semitism and Spain’s relations with Israel. Borrell has been nominated for the post of EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and is expected to take up the role next year. Noting Spain is proud of its Jewish heritage, Borrell said anti-Semitism in Spanish society is less than in other countries of the European Union although the Spanish government is considering adding anti-Semitism and genocide denial to its penal code. With regard to Spain’s offer of citizenship to descendants of Jews expelled in the Inquisition, Borrell confirmed 4,000 people

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had been approved with 6,000 applications pending. Borrell also said the government expects to extend the deadline which expires this month but a final decision falls to the new government and parliament. As for the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, he noted the official position of his government is to support a two-state solution. Findings of a United Nations report identifying anti-Semitic-motivated violence as “toxic to democracy and mutual respect” will be presented to the UN General Assembly later this month. The religious intolerance report calls for states to adopt the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance universal definition of anti-Semitism as a global guide for identifying, monitoring and responding to incidents of anti-Semitism. It also calls for the adoption of a “human-rights based approach” to combat the hatred of Jews. Lauder welcomed the report prepared by UN Special Rapporteur Shaheed. “Anti-Semitism is a virus that is rapidly spreading throughout the world,” he noted. “We hope this report serves as an eye-opener to the United Nations and its member states and that they finally take concrete action to stem the surge of antisemitism across the globe.” WJC Combating Antisemitism commissioner Julius Meinl described the report as a “wake-up call” about anti-Semitic hatred around the world. “Anti-Semitism does not only target Jews but democracy as a whole,” he noted. WJC contributed material to the report from affiliated communities and participated in regional consultations ensuring concerns facing Jewish communities were taken into account.


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22nd Knesset begins as coalition talks stall BY BELLA WAXLER The 22nd Knesset was sworn in yesterday in Jerusalem as Likud-Blue and White unity talks stalled during a quite extraordinary week in Israeli politics. President Reuven Rivlin led the inauguration ceremony that saw Knesset Speaker Yuli Edelstein read a statement of members' obligations. Politicians took the oath of office after historic second elections in a six-month period. Following the inauguration, newly sworn-in members attended a toast during which a traditional photo of the elected leaders took place. Events also included a reception hosted by Rivlin. Edelstein welcomed the 120 politicians including new MKs Yair Golan (Democratic), Walid Taha, Jaber Asakla and Sami Abu Shehadeh (Joint List), Alexander Kushnir and Mark Ifraimov (Yisrael Betyenu), Matan Kahane (New Right) and Moshe Abutbul (Shas). The Joint List of Arab parties boycotted the inauguration due to a general strike by Arabs protesting against violence. Meantime, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who was given 28 days by Rivlin to form a government, met with Yisrael Beytenu Chairman Avigdor Lieberman yesterday but “no breakthrough” for a coalition was reached. Edelstein said on Thursday that Prime Minister Netanyahu would “take a leave of absence” if indicted following a corruption

The Knesset

PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK

hearing currently taking place at the Ministry of Justice. “This is not an easy step in leadership,” Edelstein told Israeli broadcaster Kan. “The prime minister is prepared to pay this price to establish a government.” Lieberman wants a unity government as a preferred option. “There’s no point wasting the country’s time,” Netanyahu told Lieberman on Wednesday. “We’ll meet, see if this is serious or not and based on that make a decision.” With Blue & White negotiations deadlocked Netanyahu met with Chareidi party leaders Yaakov Litzman and Moshe Gafne who backed the Lieberman talks despite

his anti-Chareidi campaign. Lieberman noted a third election would offer no major change and if talks continued to stall he would announce plans for a coalition government next week. “Even if new elections are held, the political map will not change significantly, and therefore an informed solution must be reached, leaving all personal and ego considerations aside,” he explained. The meeting was scheduled after Likud and Blue and White talks on a potential unity failed. Both blame each other for the collapse in talks. Blue and White cancelled Wednesday’s meeting with Likud as “minimum

conditions” for an effective meeting of negotiating teams had not been met. “This is not a negotiation, it is a deaf discourse and there is no point in continuing as long as the conditions stay the same,” Blue and White noted. Likud stated they were “shocked” at a decision to “blow up negotiations”, blaming the opposition party deputy leader. “Blue and White decided to end the negotiations for unity and go to elections, all because Yair Lapid is not ready to agree to a rotation (for Prime Minister) between Netanyahu and Gantz but only to a rotation between him and Gantz,” a Likud statement said. “Prime Minister Netanyahu calls to Benny Gantz again to show responsibility, to prevent elections and meet with him (on Wednesday) as planned.” Likud have called for Blue and White to accept President Reuven Rivlin’s framework of rotating Netanyahu and Gantz as Prime Minister in a unity government. The deal included a provision that Netanyahu would take a leave of absence if indicted, in this instance Gantz would then serve as “interim Prime Minister”. Negotiations stalled on who would initially serve as Prime Minister. Blue and White also refused to agree to Likud negotiating as a united bloc with right-wing religious partners. Yamina leader Ayelet Shaked said the right-wing bloc remained “hardy like concrete,” while Jewish Home party, Education Minister Rafi Peretz, said the right was “marching together.”

Jewish MP to face Kol Nidre no confidence motion BY NATALIE ASH Criticism has been swift following an announcement that Dame Louise Ellman will face a no confidence motion on Kol Nidre this coming Tuesday. Activists will debate the motion at the St Michael’s ward Labour branch in the Liverpool Riverside constituency of the veteran Jewish Labour MP. The move follows comments by the Labour Friends of Israel chair at an LFI reception at Labour Party Conference when she expressed sympathy with Jews considering leaving the country over anti-Semitism. Dame Louise asserted an understanding why Jews seriously considered leaving Britain if Jeremmy Corbyn became Prime Minister. The motion states, “We have no confidence that our MP Louise Ellman will carry out the wishes of our CLP (Constituency Labour Party) and our Riverside constituency or that she will follow Labour Party

Dame Louise Ellman MP

PHOTO: LAWRENCE PURCELL

policy. “This branch therefore call on our Riverside MP, Louise Ellman, to resign.” The meeting comes days after another Jewish Labour MP, Dame Margaret Hodge, learnt she would face a reselection process “triggered” by party members in her Barking seat. And it follows Luciana Berger facing a no confidence motion in Liverpool Wavertree

earlier this year. Ms Berger is set to compete for a seat at the next general election in Finchley and Golders Green as a Liberal Democrat MP. Fiona Sharpe, Labour Against Antisemitism spokesperson commented, “Once again, a Jewish woman MP in the Labour Party faces bullying and intimidation from her local members. “And nothing seems to highlight the complete disdain and disrespect that the Labour Party apparently feels it is acceptable to demonstrate towards the Jewish community more than their decision to schedule the vote of no confidence in Dame Louise Ellman on Kol Nidre, our holiest day. “The decision to table the motion on this date is, in our opinion, insensitive, outrageous and provocative, and only underlines the depth of institutional racism that now appears prevalent across the Labour movement.” Board of Deputies President Marie van

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der Zyl has condemned the no confidence tabled vote. “That a Jewish MP should be threatened with a vote of no confidence tabled for Yom Kippur, the holiest day in the Jewish calendar when she has no opportunity even to respond, ought to be a source of deep shame for the Labour Party,” she said. Ms van der Zyl added, “That Labour shelters anti-Semites while attacking anti-racism campaigners is why the EHRC is investigating a political party for the first time since it looked into the activities of the BNP. “Louise Ellman has fought bravely against anti-Semitism in her own party, and she should be applauded, not vilified.” A Labour spokesperson noted, “No confidence motions have no formal standing in the party.” Campaign Against Antisemitism’s anti-Semitism barometer has illustrated 40% of British Jews have considered leaving the country over hate incidents.


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Hitler beer on sale in Europe

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In a letter to European Commission Coordinator on Combating Antisemitism, Katharina Von Schnurbein, the Simon Wiesenthal Centre Director for International Relations, Dr. Shimon Samuels, and the President of the European Coalition of Cities Against Racism, Dr. Benedetto Zacchiroli, brought attention to the abuse of Italy and its wine industry into playing the role of “the hatemongering wine-waiter of Europe.” The Wiesenthal Centre and ECCAR are working together on combating Antisemitism and other forms of discrimination in Europe. In 1995, Samuels first protested, on behalf of the SWC-Europe, the production in Italy of so-called “Fuhrerwein”. For a short period, these bottles vanished from the shelves. The joint letter stated that, “The principal winery of the Lunardelli family in Veneto annually produces 100,000 bottles marketed as ‘the Historic Line,’ most of which feature photos of Hitler, Mussolini and other dictators... In 2007, 20,000 Lunardelli bottles were confiscated by the police, but released for sale after a Bolzano court ruling.” Samuels recalled that, “In 2013, the Wiesenthal Centre had protested again the sale of these hateful bottles.” ECCAR and the Centre noted that, “In 2017, a draft law, entitled the ‘Legge Fiano’ was presented to the Italian Parliament ‘to criminalize the propagation of images or contents of the Fascist, Nazi or related anti-democratic parties and ideologies,’ designated to be introduced in the penal code as article 293-bis, incurring a punishment of six to 24 months imprisonment... The law was passed in the Lower Chamber

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(Camera dei Deputati), but abandoned by the Senate, following dissolution of the legislature (the Italian system requires the forfeiture of all bills that did not reach the final vote in both houses).” Thus Italy remains the major centre for the sale of Hitler cakes (exposed by the Wiesenthal Centre), wine and beer bottles, keyrings, calendars and other Nazi-Fascist memorabilia. The Centre added, “This summer, our members reported and photographed ‘Sieg Heil’ and ‘Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Fuhrer’ bottle labels in supermarkets from Lido di Jesolo (Venice) to Foggia (Puglia) in the south. At €5,90 each, it can be assumed that purchasers were more interested in the bottles rather than the quality of the wine.” The letter continued: “We urge Italy to take seriously the abuse of its image and wine industry, casting its current status as ‘the hatemongering wine-waiter of Europe’.” According to Samuels and Zacchiroli, “The model across the continent is the German Strafgesetzbuch 8ba, which prohibits the use of symbols associated with the Nazi party.”... “As an example, a German pub owner was given a three year prison sentence for placing four bottles with Adolf Hitler labels on his bar.” The letter called on Ms. Schnurbein “to bring this matter to the appropriate EU bodies and ensure that prompt action be taken by Italy.” “There may be no legal sanctions yet for domestic sales of hate. Its export, however, to Germany and France - with their existing legislation - and across the EU, must be monitored and penalized,” concluded Samuels.

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CFI meet in Manchester The Conservative Friends of Israel held a fringe meeting in the Midlands hotel, Manchester after Rosh Hashanah. Guest speakers included Israeli Ambassador to the UK Mark Regev, Tony Abbot former Prime minister of Australia, Chancellor of the Exchequer Sajid Javid and Lord Eric Pickles, joint chair of the CFI. Conference delegate Councillor Rabbi Arnold Saunders, who rushed down immediately after making Havdalah after Yom Tov, told the Jewish Weekly; ‘As usual the CFI fringe event was by far the best attended fringe event of the entire conference, with people turned away at the door.’

Lord Pickles

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Sajid Javid

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Ambassador Mark Regev

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Rosh Hashanah is sweet at Jewish Care This week, the Jewish Care community has enjoyed preparing for Rosh Hashanah together with the residents, their relatives, staff and volunteers at Jewish Care homes and community centres. At the JC Tots party for Rosh Hashanah on last week over 40 tots and their families enjoyed entertainment at The Betty and Asher Loftus Centre with residents of up to 103, from the three homes at the Centre. Activities at the pirates and princesses themed party included arts and crafts, cake decorating, slime-making and entertainment. Across Jewish Care homes and community centres, residents and members spent time preparing to celebrate the festival. Jewish Care’s pastoral leader Rabbi Junik visited residents around the homes and centres to blow the shofar and talk about Rosh Hashanah. Rabbi Junik was joined by school children from Etz Chaim Primary School in Borehamwood who sang and chatted to residents at Clore Manor home, he told the group of young volunteers, age 8 and 9, “It is a big mitzvah to come and sing to the residents today as when they hear these songs, it brings great joy to the residents.” School children from Nancy Reuben Jewish Primary School came to the care home to bring sweets for the families, residents,

staff and volunteers at Clore Manor and graduates from Jewish Care’s recent Bnei Mitzvah programme enjoyed visiting the home on Sunday morning to bake honey biscuits in the shape of apples. Meanwhile, at Jewish Care’s Redbridge Community Centre, The Chaps That Cook group enjoyed baking honey cakes. As well as baking, members of Jewish Care’s Michael Sobell Community Centre in Golders Green enjoyed a special well-being week, in the run up to Rosh Hashanah, which included everything from chair exercise, mindfulness sessions and glass mandala making to a visit from the ‘bee keeper of Borehamwood’, Ian Shenker, who was the first in the UK to be given a hechsher for his honey. Ian created a buzz with community centre members, explaining the process of bee keeping and honey making, showing them Jewish Care celebrating Rosh Hashanah at Clore Manor a model of the hive. Jewish Care’s Chief Executive, Daniel well being can be beneficial to us all. InCarmel-Brown, said, “Rosh Hashanah is tergenerational visits are also uplifting for a time to reflect and celebrate. We know all involved and we would like to thank our that spending time on creative, stimulat- visitors and volunteers who visit now and ing activities that improve our sense of throughout the year, who help us to help

Bake day for Rosh Hashanah Friends, Lielle Falk, Gabby Weinberg and Mia Schlagman baked Rosh Hashanah themed treats including mini honey cakes and apple shaped honey biscuits to sell to friends, family and neighbours to raise funds for Jewish Care. A great example that the Jewish Care Great Jewish Bake Day can be any day!

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us to create a warm and special atmosphere for our community centre members and residents, helping us to celebrate the chagim (Jewish festivals) together as a community.”

Israel Ambassador ushers in sweet new year for KKL His Excellency Mark Regev, Ambassador of Israel to the UK, joined KKL for its annual pre-Rosh Hashanah Tea in Hendon on Wednesday. Over 100 clients and friends of the legacy arm of JNF UK enjoyed an engaging talk by the Ambassador on the positive outlook for Israel in the New Year. He celebrated the success of Israel, a prosperous democracy that offers the Jewish people sovereignty and independence in their own homeland. Looking ahead, he spoke about the impact that the energy and drive that Israel’s young people is having, and the growing acceptance of the Jewish state amongst its neighbouring states. He commented: “We are seeing changes of historical importance that give me optimism.” The Ambassador also praised the contribution of JNF UK, highlighting the role the charity has played in the success of Israel. He noted that: “Everyone talks about the importance of the environment and trees. JNF UK was doing that when it wasn’t even fashionable. However, today JNF UK is also building the quality of life.” One of the attendees, Sylvia, commented: “What a speech – it makes you want to go to Israel!” David Goodman, Director of Community Relations, thanked the Ambassador for speaking out for Israel. He also presented him with a unique gift – a bench to be

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Ambassador Regev receiving a certificate

PHOTO: PAUL LANG

named after him in the town of Yerucham. The Ambassador joked that this was the first time a piece of infrastructure in Israel had been named after him. Carolyn Addleman, Director of Legacies, commented: “It was an honour and a privilege to host Ambassador Regev and to hear his inspiring and positive words about the development of modern day Israel. The afternoon was an opportunity to thank JNF UK legacy clients for their continued support that allows the charity to fund vital projects in the Negev.”


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COMMUNITY  17

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Workplace arrives at Jewish Care Aish UK welcome new MD Jewish Care has launched Workplace by Facebook for its 1,300 strong staff team to use on an ongoing basis, improving and expanding internal communications within the organisation. As one of the largest charities in the UK Jewish community to pilot the use of Workplace, Jewish Care have successfully implemented it’s use across a number of teams, departments and locations throughout London and the South East. The rollout of the new digital, online and mobile platform allows staff to communicate easily with each other within their teams and across the organisation. It will also allow Jewish Care to communicate easily with staff who do not receive news and updates via email. This means that no one in the organisation will be left without a means of communication with the wider organisation. Staff at all levels are empowered to use Workplace to share content. Many have already begun to use the platform to promote events happening across Jewish Care and update the wider work-force with

news and reports of changes, additions, work-anniversaries and much more. Jewish Care are proud of this new and innovative digital tool and will continue to actively seek ways to use it to listen to and engage with staff on the frontline. "We look forward to sharing more Workplace success in the coming weeks and months." Ellisa Estrin, Director of Director of Marketing, Communications & Customer Engagement at Jewish Care says, “Jewish Care aspire to be leaders of innovation in social care and using Workplace to interact with all of our staff from the CEO to our frontline carers is a step towards fostering an even more inclusive and communicative environment.” Ben Konopinski, Managing Director of Koncise Solutions said, “We are delighted to partner with Jewish Care to deliver Workplace by Facebook helping to create a culture of innovation and to help improve communication with their dedicated frontline staff, whose ideas matter the most for the community!”

Friendship Circle

Aish UK is pleased to announce Rabbi Dovid Lichtig as their new Managing Director, effective immediately. Rabbi Dovid Lichtig joins Aish UK from NCSY in Michigan. He holds a B.A. in Business Management from Wayne State University and an MBA in Business Administration from Missouri State University. He has studied in various top Talmudic institutes across the world creating personal relationships with Torah luminaries such as R’ Shmuel Birnbaum OB’M and R’ Dovid Soloveitchik and has received rabbinic ordination in both the United States and Israel. He has spent nearly the last decade in Detroit, Michigan as NCSY Associate Regional Director where he was responsible for staff management, program development and providing strategic vision to the Central East region of NCSY. He has also consulted for NCSY nationally including co-chairing the 2016 NCSY International Staff Convention for the more than 300 NCSY staff members across the globe. Rabbi Lichtig born in London, has moved back to the UK with his wife Chavi and their four children in order to take up the role. Rabbi Daniel Rowe, Executive Director Aish UK said: “I am delighted to welcome Rabbi Lichtig to the Aish UK team as our new Managing Director. Rabbi Lichtig brings with him a wealth of experience and knowledge to the role and we have no

Rabbi Dovid Lichtig

doubt that he will be an excellent addition to the team. As we look towards growing and developing Aish UK, we know that Rabbi Lichtig will be an integral part of this and are very excited to have him on board.” Rabbi Dovid Lichtig, said: “Aish UK is a world renowned organisation and I am thrilled to be joining as their new Managing Director. It is an honour to be given the opportunity to lead such an outstanding team of people who are at the forefront of informal Jewish education in the UK and I hope to be able to help Aish continue to grow and develop in the foreseeable future.”

The Friendship Circle

BY ESTHER ULLMAN A most memorable Shabbat lunch arranged by the Friendship Circle took place recently at the Prestwich Hebrew Congregation. It was a culmination of a year-long cooperation between the Shul and the Club. The director of the Friendship Circle explained the reason why it was decided to provide this event, which was primarily to boost awareness and to create a positive atmosphere in the community. Some 250 people enjoyed a buffet style meal, catered by Feast, in an effort to eradicate isolation. Learning-disabled participants were also made to feel welcome. In a heart-warming display of friendship, one of the participants was honoured with leading the beginning of the prayers, another with opening the Aron, and yet another with reading the prayer for the Queen. Rabbi Dovid Eisenberg, the Rabbi of the Synagogue included the theme of friendship in his sermon, stressing the importance of ensuring that no one feels isolated. Other speeches were delivered during the meal by Esti Brook and Mrs T Cohen, who spoke of how much a Shabbos invitation is appreciated by those more vulnerable to loneliness, especially when there are many hours such

as in the summer afternoons or winter Friday nights. Following the success of the Shabbaton, further ideas are in the pipeline, such as educating the young children of today what the Friendship Circle is all about and to encourage them to ensure not to exclude the lonely. This is because children today can have a lack of awareness of people with disability whether physical or mental and therefore need guidance to not feel afraid when encountering someone with special needs. A member of the Friendship Circle, Hannah, explained the limitations she faces due to her disability and how the Club has helped tremendously, boosting her confidence and improving her life. A further idea being considered is starting up an employment organisation where people with a disability will have access to employment. Feedback from the Shabbaton was evidence of the necessity of the organisation, and the awareness brought about by the display of unity on that Shabbat gives hope that the ideals that the Friendship Circle wishes to promote and the support provided by the Prestwich Hebrew Congregation, will be emulated by Shuls across the UK.

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Over 1,000 Boys, Rabbonim and Teachers gathered to recite Tehillim Thursday afternoon at Crumpsall Shul.

Reciting Tehillim

3 OCTOBER 2019

Kaparot Wednesday morning at Machzikei Hadass Shul in the bright and chilly Manchester sunshine.

PHOTO: LAWRENCE PURCELL

Kaparot at Machzekie Hadass Shul Wednesday morning

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PHOTO: LAWRENCE PURCELL


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Weekly

Chancellor pledges infrastructure spending on roads, buses and broadband

Chancellor, Sajid Javid has pledged to improve Britain’s road, broadband coverage and bus services, setting out an investment package designed to win over voters before an expected early election. He has committed £5 billion to improving fast broadband access in harder-to-reach parts of the country, announced a strategy to improve bus services, and set out how billions already set aside for road improvements will be spent. “Investment in our infrastructure will be key to making the next decade one of renewal – boosting our economy and making life easier for people all across the country,” Javid said.

The new mechanism to define spending and borrowing limits has not yet been agreed but is expected to allow higher levels of state-funded infrastructure investment. Javid, a 49-year-old advocate of free markets and the son of a bus driver, devoted a section of his speech to improving bus networks. “The full benefits of our infrastructure revolution may not be felt for some time. But the work must start here and now,” he said. The opposition has also pledged to improve bus services as both parties look for policies beyond Brexit that will help them pick up votes in what is expected to be a tight and unpredictable election.

BUSINESS  21

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UK watchdog threatens to shut 'problematic' pensions advisers

The FCA threatened on Tuesday to close “every single advisory firm” that continues to wrongly tell people to cash in their defined benefit pensions. Megan Butler, executive director of supervision at the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), said the behaviour among financial advisers was “shocking” and “problematic”. The FCA has been criticised for being too slow to stop advisers telling steelworkers in Wales to cash in their defined benefit pensions that are pegged to salaries rather than the ups and downs of the stock market. At the time, the steelworkers were faced with several options ahead of an expected company merger. The FCA has said that in most cases it was best not to transfer a defined benefit pension, but that financial advisers were still recommending transfers in most cases, Butler said. Advisers earn commission if a client shifts a pension into a new financial product. Butler said the FCA was not being soft on the sector. “I don’t think we are remotely nice,” she told a Financial Times conference. If we have to go to every single advisory firm and, if we have to, we will close them down.” Butler signaled that a review of how funds must ensure they can meet redemptions was due next week. It had been delayed to see if the suspension of a fund in June run by Neil Woodford, one of Britain’s highest-profile asset managers, offered lessons. The Woodford fund remains suspended after it could not meet redemption requests. Bank of England Governor Mark Carney has said that funds like Woodford that offer daily redemptions are “built on a lie”, but Butler said she disagreed with this view.

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UK car output rises for UK rate cut the first time in 15 months 'plausible' if Brexit uncertainty persists UK car production increased by an annual 3.3% in August, the first rise in 15 months, helped by several factories having moved their summertime shutdowns to April in preparation for the original Brexit date, an industry body said on Thursday. BMW, Peugeot, Honda and Jaguar Land Rover all closed factories ranging from a few days to four weeks in April over concerns that Britain’s scheduled departure from the European Union in March could lead to disruption, including delays to the arrival of parts. The move led to a 44.5% decline in output in April, according to the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT) and ended up being in vain as Brexit

was eventually pushed back to the end of October. August saw a small bounceback with output rising 3.3% to 92,158 cars, helped by a 15.2% increase in domestic demand, data showed. “Today’s figures mask the underlying downward trend and strengthening global headwinds facing the sector, including international trade tensions, massive technological upheaval and, in the UK, political and economic uncertainty,” said SMMT Chief Executive Mike Hawes. “We now need parliament and government to redouble efforts to get a deal that maintains free and frictionless trade.”

Tech companies back independent watchdog to tackle online extremism

A global working group set up by Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Microsoft to remove extremist content will become an independent watchdog working “to respond quicker and work more collaboratively to prevent” attacks like Christchurch, New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said on Monday. Ardern has pushed for stronger action since New Zealand’s worst peacetime mass shooting in March, when a gunman attacked Muslims attending Friday prayers in Christchurch. He killed 51 people and broadcast the attack live on Facebook. “In the same way that we respond to natural emergencies like fires and floods, we need to be prepared and ready to respond to a crisis like the one we experienced,” Ardern told reporters on the sidelines of the annual United Nations gathering of world leaders. The Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism was created in 2017 under pressure from U.S. and European governments after a spate of deadly attacks. It will now become an independent organisation led by an executive director, funded by Facebook , Google’s YouTube, Twitter and Microsoft.

Speaking at a joint news conference with Facebook Chief Operating Officer Sheryl Sandberg, Ardern said the organisation would be governed by an operating board made up of company representatives and would have an independent advisory committee composed of government and civil society members. Ardern said some of the group’s work would be to fund and coordinate academic research on terrorism and violent extremist operations and on best practices for data sharing. Sandberg said the forum had already shared some 200,000 digital fingerprints “because when terrorists try to use one platform, they try to use all the platforms; so, when one of us find them, we can take them down across multiple platforms.” She added that while the fastest-growing messaging platforms were encrypted, Facebook was still able to combat extremism while aiming to protect users’ privacy. She noted that even though WhatsApp is encrypted, Facebook and Facebookowned Instagram are not. “We are often able to find people on one and then take then down off the encrypted platforms,” Sandberg said.

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The Bank of England may need to cut interest rates in the likely scenario that high levels of uncertainty over Brexit persist, policymaker Michael Saunders said on Friday in the first clear signal that the BoE is considering a cut. Last week, without directly raising the prospect of cutting interest rates, the Bank of England said Brexit and slower world growth were increasingly causing Britain’s economy to perform below potential. Saunders - who was one of the first BoE policymakers to vote for higher interest rates in 2017 and 2018 - said it was now his view that the unpredictable path of Brexit would effectively act as a “slow puncture” for the economy. “Growth has slowed to a mere crawl,” he told local businesses in Barnsley,. “I think it is quite plausible that the next move in Bank Rate would be down rather than up.” Even if Britain temporarily avoids a no-deal Brexit, uncertainty was likely to remain high, either due to the risk of a no-deal Brexit in 2020 or due to a lack of clarity about longer-term trading relationships with the EU, Saunders said. “In this case, it might well be appropriate to maintain a highly accommodative monetary policy stance for an extended period and perhaps to loosen policy at some stage, especially if global growth remains disappointing,” he said. Simply waiting to see what happened with Brexit risked leading to inappropriate monetary policy, and the cost of reversing a rate cut if the outlook brightened would be low, Saunders added at the event hosted by the Barnsley and Rotherham Chamber of Commerce and Institute of Chartered Accountants. “In general, I would prefer to be nimble... accepting that it may be necessary to change course if the outlook changes significantly,” he said. Saunders still agreed with recent BoE guidance that a limited and gradual increase in interest rates would be needed over the medium term, if Brexit uncertainty reduced significantly and global growth perked up a bit. In the event of a no-deal Brexit, Saunders repeated the BoE position that all policy options would be open. Earlier this month, BoE Governor Mark Carney estimated in a worst-case, chaotic scenario that a no-deal Brexit could reduce the size of the economy by 5.5%. The Paris-based OECD has predicted a 2% hit in the case of a more managed no-deal Brexit. Saunders was clear that a no-deal Brexit - advocated by some Brexit supporters as a way to resolve the uncertainty facing businesses - was not a good solution. “This would probably immediately leave some firms unprofitable. Others might face longer-term questions about their viability, or whether they would be better off relocating.”


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BUSINESS  23

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Amazon develops longer-range wireless network for IoT devices Amazon said on Wednesday it is developing a longer-range equivalent to Bluetooth and WiFi wireless protocols that it hopes third parties will eventually use in smart devices. The Amazon Sidewalk, announced alongside a new range of Echo speakers and a multilingual mode for its Alexa virtual assistant, underscores the firm’s growth expectations for the internet of things (IoT) - where devices and appliances are controlled over networks. The company sees Sidewalk’s use in devices as varied as garden water sensors and mailboxes that would alert the owner to new mail. Sidewalk uses the low bandwidth 900 megahertz spectrum to extend the distance at which IoT devices can be controlled, and requires less power than needed for WiFi, Amazon said. “People don’t even realize yet how important that intermediate range is going to be, for things like lights in your yard, controlling your lights on your sidewalk in the street,” Chief Executive Jeff Bezos said about Sidewalk’s range at Amazon’s annual Alexa devices launch in Seattle. Amazon, which started out selling books, has a history of exploring new ventures, such as making original TV shows for subscribers to its Amazon Prime service. It has emerged as one of the Big Four technology companies along with Alphabet, Apple and Facebook, and is a leading cloud services provider. Amazon said it has tested Sidewalk to connect devices across Los Angeles. It did not say when it would be available for wider use. The company said it would release a dog tracker in 2020 as a reference design for developers that will use the network to alert a pet-owner when their dog leaves a certain perimeter.

Business committee to investigate Thomas Cook collapse Parliament’s business committee has launched an inquiry into the collapse of travel group Thomas Cook and will seek to question the management over issues such as executive pay and accounting practices. Thomas Cook, the world’s oldest tour operator, collapsed in the early hours of Monday, hitting hotel owners, tourist sites and resorts around the world. It also prompted the Government to launch the largest peacetime repatriation in history. “The main players in the sad demise of Britain’s oldest travel firm should face public scrutiny and be held to account for their actions before the company collapsed,” said Rachel Reeves, Chair of the Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) Committee. Evidence hearings will begin in mid-tolate October. “Directors will welcome the opportunity to set the record straight and demonstrate that their conduct was always in the best interests of Thomas Cook’s customers, employees and stakeholders,” a person familiar with the company told Reuters.

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A small act of kindness can make the difference The Jewish community have a significant Development Practitioner challenge to meet. According to World explains: “Becoming a Health Organisation figures, one in four Dementia Friend is an people over the age of 85 live with demen- incredible initiative. It tia and 1 in 3 over age 90. Given that the aims to change the way Jewish population is slightly older than people think, act and talk the general population, there are signifiabout dementia. We can cantly more older people in our commuall play a role in helping nity who are living with dementia. make life a little easier for So, how can we, as Jewi sh individuals someone with dementia. and communal organisations, support the If we can be the eyes and increasing number of people in our comears of the community munity to live well with dementia? We are and look out for those proud of the adaptations to our commuwho may need a little asnal buildings for people with physical sistance. It may be in shul disabilities, but how can we be more when someone becomes person-centred and make changes to our agitated, supporting them understanding and behaviour to meet the in the service, or supportneeds of people living with dementia? ing a relative who may be Dementia is a syndrome in which there excluded from a family is deterioration in memory, thinking, simcha or someone in a behaviour and the ability to perform supermarket who looks a everyday activities. Alzheimer disease is little confused. You may the most common form of dementia and always not want to get contributes to 60-70% of cases. Although, involved directly but you dementia mainly affects older people, it can alert someone else Jewish Care’s Bnei Mitzvah programme participants are Dementia Friends is not a normal part of ageing. However, who may be able to help.” it is one of the major causes of disability “We have trained Rabbis and United among older people globally. Synagogue members as well as those with Six years ago, Jewish Care decided that welfare responsibilities in the commuthe Alzheimer’s Society Dementia Friends nity at the United Synagogue’s Chessed programme was the best route for us to conference over the past three years. build towards a society that makes adjust- Bushey United Synagogue and Pinner ments for people living with dementia to United Synagogue have been great role live a better life. models, becoming more Since then, Jewish dementia aware and Care has trained over 790 running dementia awaremembers of the communess evenings for their nity as Dementia Friends communities.” understanding and forgiving if someone through culturally relevant “Some synagogues are doesn’t make sense or is confused. Use training sessions across the Jewish Care recognising the role they simple sentences and don’t repeat the 020 8922 2222 community. The sessions can play in making a real same one if someone doesn’t understand helpline@jcare.org raise awareness and give difference and are, with you. A small act of kindness can make www.jcare.org individuals tools and support from Jewish Care, the difference between someone feeling techniques to help support establishing specialist socially included or isolated.” individuals living with desupport groups. Small For many people living with dementia, mentia, their families and changes can make a big expressing their Judaism can play a major carers. The Alzheimer’s Society recently difference, like signage around the shul role in their wellbeing, connecting them celebrated reaching 3 million people as so people can find their way and labelling to their identity and community. Feeling Dementia Friends across the UK. They contents of shul kitchens so that people welcome and valued in shul and at comhave committed to understanding more on the kiddush rota can continue in their munity events, is a big part of what will about dementia and the small things they roles.” make a difference to their well being. can do to support people in their commuGill continues, “To assist someone As Rabbi Menacham Junik, Jewish nities living with dementia. living with dementia we need to adapt Care’s spiritual and pastoral leader, Gill Yentis, Jewish Care’s Dementia our attitudes, such as being more says, “Connecting with one’s faith either

“We can all play a role in helping make life a little easier for someone with dementia…”

Info box

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religiously or culturally can be a very comforting experience for many people living with dementia and their families.” Living with dementia is not the end of life, it is a different life. It’s a measure of progress that many more of us are more willing to talk openly about the impact of dementia on our lives. Now it’s time for us all to make some more changes in our communities to support those living with dementia, their families and carers. For more information about Dementia Friends training or advice about living with dementia or support services on offer contact the Jewish Care Helpline on helpline@jcare.org or 020 8922 2222.


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A promising ‘Jewish Future’ for Anglo-Jewry

Rabbi Schiff Jewish Futures Team Meeting

BY MORDECHAI ULLMAN Occupying a place of honour in the office of Rabbi Naftali Schiff is an unusual artefact- at least for a Rabbi. It was sent to him by a supporter who felt that a flying pig would be the best way to describe what has been achieved thanks to the dreams of the founder of the Jewish Futures group of organisations. Pigs might not fly, but other highly improbable events have occurred and continue to occur in the UK and way beyond, as a result of an across-the-board and upto-date understanding of the Jewish scene. Rabbi Schiff was raised in London. He attended Hasmonean followed by Yeshivat HaKotel in Israel and then served time in the Israel Defence Force. Having as he says, “fallen in love with Jerusalem”, his future seemed to be quite firmly in the Holy Land. However, his background in youth work combined with an idealistic streak motivated him to look into the educational vision of the famed Aish HaTorah Yeshiva in Jerusalem, and to take up part time study programme there eventually receiving Semicha from the Rabbinate of Jerusalem and a diploma of education. He thereby developed a close relationship with both Rabbi Noach Weinberg and lehavdil bein chaim lechaim Rav Weinberg’s eventual successor, Rabbi Yitzchok Berkowitz. The latter is a world-renowned Halachic authority- a “Rabbi of Rabbis”

The goal would remain the same – allowing all Jews access to a Torah-true heritage, no matter what their current level of affiliation or engagement and as such, has continued to guide all expressed by the Talmud, “the needs of the of Rabbi Schiff's endeavours for the last Jewish people are numerous”. The chaltwenty years. lenge of engaging youth Returning to London in and young adults in mature 1999, Rabbi Schiff opened education grew furtherthe Aish centre in Lonmore with the advent of don, which subsequently the digital age. No longer expanded both geographwould a profound lecture JFT ically and in terms of its or a Kol-nidrei service 020 8457 2123 initiatives. R’ Naftali was necessarily capture the info@jfutures.org never keen on the concept mind or heart of the genwww.jfutures.org of “being Mekarev” or on eration that seeks constant “saving souls” due to its satisfaction and distraction condescending undertones at the palm of their hand. and his insight that people This applied to both those need to be offered with choice of study and raised in observant homes and those not. an experience that most appeals to them. How then, was the Jewish people to Over the years he noticed that, as be allowed to recognise the diamonds

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they carry with them? More programmes would need to be developed in order to reach as many people as possible. The goal would remain the same – allowing all Jews access to a Torah-true heritage, no matter what their current level of affiliation or engagement, but it would be reached through whichever avenue resonated with them individually. For some, it is by connecting to our history, for others it is by strengthening our core principles of faith. There are those to whom social responsibility is pivotal, and others for whom tasting success in Torah study keeps them connected. Thus, the Jewish Futures Trust was born. The mission of Jewish Futures Trust is to provide a vibrant Jewish future for all Jews. Various avenues have connected Jews through the ages, and access to them will be offered by the organisation of organisations. Aish was doing and continues to do crucial work, but in 2016 it was time to hand over the baton to younger talent, Rabbi Daniel Rowe, and set to work establishing a home for the ideas that Rabbi Schiff had recognised and developed over his years of communal work. Preferring to describe Jewish Futures as a “platform” rather than an “umbrella”, Rabbi Schiff found that grouping the numerous organisations in one building allows sharing of educational approach, resources, back office, talent and drive. Fresh ideas would be developed and the tools to develop and maintain them would best be shared between the staff at the Centre. • A trip to Eastern Europe, Morroco, Spain, Rome or Israel with JRoots provides a powerful opportunity for Jews of all backgrounds to connect with the Jewish story, its trials and triumphs, its tragedies and its rebirth. • The privilege of having Holocaust survivors amongst us, eighty years after we saw mankind at its worst, also leaves us with a duty to record their experiences for future generations. Legacy Live productions has produced many documentaries of Holocaust survivors, ensuring their story will not fade with time. • A middle-Eastern or Eastern European (heimish) cuisine, will evoke warm feeling in many Jews, and acknowledging the influence of the stomach on the mind, Ta’am was created. • Sephardic Jews have a millennia-long tradition and story to share, and Chazak is the framework provided for uniting


3 OCTOBER 2019 in prayer and Torah study as well as cutting edge Judaism in schools and communities. • Tens of thousands of Israelis now call London their home. Shelanu , the newest educational organisation in the JF group, reminds them that we are all one. • Klal Chazon inspires teenagers in the orthodox community and provides them with a deep and rich understanding of the principles of faith and an appreciation for the relevance of Torah and Mitzvot in the twenty-first century. • A sense of accomplishment in Torah study, reviewing and attaining subject matter is a powerful tool for Jewish connectivity and Time4Torah offers a programme for set amounts of daily study as well as a calendar for regular review. • The trait of kindness in deed and thought was bequeathed to us from our forefather Abraham, and it resonates with Jews of all backgrounds. The far-reaching impact of GIFT both in the Jewish community and beyond, is evidence the strong desire for people of all ages and walks of life, to be involved with providing relief for those in need.

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TO ADVERTISE CALL 020 3906 8488 • Rav Noach Weinberg was of the strong opinion that every Jew is a leader in potential. In his day this meant encouraging all to do something to stem the tide of assimilation. The Forum for Jewish Leadership was formed in order to attract bright students, often from Oxford and Cambridge, in order to nurture the trait of leadership and sense of responsibility in them with the aspiration that they will take their place in the community. This recognition of the need for variety of experiences works. Young and old are excited to be involved. Intermarriage in the UK is reportedly down or at least stable. Hitherto unaffiliated Jews have found inspiration in Auschwitz. Businessmen who thought they would never retain their Torah study have completed significant sections of Torah and more youth are finding meaning in life than ever imaginged. Pigs may not fly anytime soon, but despite any gloomy picture that may previously have been painted, a vibrant future lies ahead for an engaged and enthusiastic Jewish community. The Jewish people have always defied negative predictions, explains Rabbi Schiff. Our journey has been a miracle. Thanks to Jewish Futures, all have been granted a vehicle in which to continue that journey.

INDEPENDENCE. DIGNITY. CHOICE.

“This is the best thing in the world for Ros! She could not be happier. She has made a home for herself!” Ros’s sister, Stacy Ros has been living in a Jewish Blind & Disabled apartment for over three years

WELCOMED

BRITISH EMUNAH:

CARING FOR ISRAEL’S AT RISK CHILDREN

Providing life-changing services to 12,000 vulnerable children and families.

To make a donation or to apply for an apartment visit www.jbd.org or call 020 8371 6611

Donate online at www.emunah.org.uk/donate or by calling 020 8203 6066. British Emunah on Registered charity number 215398

Registered Charity No. 259480

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JAMH awareness Jewish Action for to mental health in Mental Health (JAMH) order to fulfill the needs is launching a Yom of the community. Kippur campaign, Its inaugural event at which will focus on Shrubberies Shul was raising awareness of attended by over seven mental health issues hundred people from in the Manchester across the Jewish ComJewish Community and munity and since then it encouraging people has organised a Mental to take action in order Health Showcase event, to make a difference. a Purim initiative on Leaflets will be disthe streets of Broughton tributed in Shuls and Park and youth focus Community centres groups. throughout the comJAMH Chair, Dr Sandi munity, asking people Mann says, ‘This time of to pledge to do simple year, with its abundance acts that can have positive implications of Jewish festivals, whilst being enjoyable for the mental health of others such as for many, can bring with it huge amounts giving people the benefit of the doubt and of pressure, leaving members of the inviting someone who is community particularly on their own to come for a vulnerable which can put meal on Shabbat and Yom their mental health at risk. Tov. The Yom Kippur JAMH was set up in campaign aims to raise January, and is an umbrella awareness and to equip Jewish Action for Mental organisation which most people to contribute to Health Jewish organisations in the enhancement of the hello@jamh.org.uk Greater Manchester are afmental wellbeing of those filiated to. It aims to provide www.jamh.org.uk around them, which is of a coordinated approach vital importance’.

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Supporting you when you are un-expecting

Call the confidential Chana Helpline on 020 8201 5774 or email support@chana.org.uk

Chana is the leading fertility support organisation for the Jewish community and is here to support you through: • • • • • • •

Primary & secondary infertility Miscarriage & stillbirth Male infertility Cancer fertility preservation Intimacy issues Early pregnancy concerns Fertility treatment to avoid genetic disorders

020 8203 8455 www.chana.org.uk Chana Charity Ltd 1172957

For Chana services eligibility criteria may apply - visit chana.org.uk/mission-statement

We can’t switch off autism, but together we can support people with autism to shine. Registered Charity no. 1142742

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We know you get lots of Rosh Hashanah greetings This year we’re helping those who don’t get any JNF UK is supporting vulnerable Holocaust survivors in Israel

Donate here: jnf.co.uk/rosh 020 8732 6100

Please step up for at risk children in Israel this Rosh Hashanah

You can make a donation at youthaliyah.org.uk or by calling 020 8371 1580. Charity No: 1077913

Registered Charity No. 225910 Jewish Weekly QUARTER v.2.indd 1

23/09/2019 13:25:36

“I have a happy life. I have a home, a job and friends. I wouldn’t have all this without Langdon.” Justin is a Langdon Member and one of around 700,000 people with autism in the UK. He has Autistic Spectrum Disorder and moderate learning disabilities. With our support, Justin shares a house with his Langdon friends, has a job and has gained the skills that ensure his autism doesn’t prevent him from doing the things he enjoys and that his peers do. Langdon Members like Justin live independently, enjoy active social lives and work. In fact, 50% of our Members are in paid work compared to 17% of people with learning disabilities nationally.

Please be a shining light this Rosh Hashanah and make a donation at langdonuk.org/donate or by calling 020 8951 3942 Registered Charity no. 1142742

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BY MICAELA BLITZ Chai Cancer Care is the Jewish community’s dedicated cancer support organisation. It was started almost 30 years ago by two determined women, Frances Winegarten z”l and Susan Shipman, who used their own experiences of dealing with cancer to help others. When Frances Winegarten z”l was diagnosed with a rare form of cancer back in the 1980’s it was not a subject that was widely discussed particularly within the Jewish community. Advice and support were difficult to find and despite have many friends and family this made her feel isolated. She was introduced to Susan Shipman by Lady Jakobovitz z”l in 1990, who was also dealing with cancer in a different way and the two women bonded. Susan’s young daughter, Natalie, had been diagnosed with a brain tumour at just three years old and sadly passed away just before her eighth birthday. They realised that there were many others that were going through similar situations and they decided to create a support net-

3 OCTOBER 2019

TO ADVERTISE CALL 020 3906 8488 well as the flagship centre in Hendon, the organisation has 10 satellite centres around the country which all work closely together as part of the ‘Chai family’. For those who do not live near to a centre, or outside of the UK, support is available through their home support service which offers counselling and advice via phone or Skype. Survival rates for cancer have improved significantly over the past 40 years with more than 50% of people now go on to have healthy and fulfilled lives. For some returning to ‘normal’ life after having gone through such a traumatic experience can be difficult. Chai offers a collaborative service with the Royal Free Hospital and Marie Curie at their Medical Outpatient and Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Centre based at Chai. The centre helps clients to adjust to often life-limiting changes in their life and through a multidisciplinary approach using conventional medicine alongside talking and complementary therapies, helps clients and their families to learn to cope and manage. The running costs for the organisation

Angels in our midst…

An indepth look at Chai Cancer Care work so that others would not have to face dealing with cancer alone. The organisation started with a telephone helpline, Chai Lifeline, which was run by Frances, Susan and volunteers from their homes. After a short time, it moved to a small centre in Hendon where they were able to offer therapy and counselling as well as advisory services. In 2003, the organisation relocated to its current site in Hendon and today Chai offers 58 different services for individuals, couples and families. Around 60% of the work that Chai does is directly with clients themselves, with the other 40% working with partners, children and parents of those with cancer. These range from therapies to group activities and counselling and are free of charge. All of the services offered are completely confidential and Chai works closely with clients and their families to tailor to their specific needs to ensure that they get the right support. In everything it does, Chai strives to innovate rather than duplicate or replicate and works with other organisations to develop and grow services putting it at the forefront of supportive cancer care. As

Louise Hager

Chai works closely with clients and their families to tailor to their specific needs to ensure that they get the right support in helping the charity in some way and understand the feelings and emotions that there are regular challenge events, coffee clients may be going through. For those mornings and other events organised to who are newly diagnosed or attending for raise money. the first time coming to the centre can feel Chai recently launched a new fundraisdaunting. Volunteers offer them a cup of ing campaign, ‘Chai Five tea and a biscuit which helps Me’, which is a tap and go them to feel at ease. Another initiative. The first one was service that they offer is as installed at Kosher Kingdom volunteer drivers to help in Golders Green, which take clients to hospital or allows people to donate GP visits, as well as running Chai Cancer Care money using their smarterrands and transporting www.chaicancercare.org phone or credit card by them to and from the Chai Helpline 0808 808 4567 simply tapping on the postcentres. er displayed in the window. Chai Cancer will be celeSimilar posters have been brating its 30th anniversary introduced in other shops in the local area next year starting with a fundraising dinner as well as in Manchester. It is hoped that this December. Louise Hager, Chai’s Chair, this will help to raise much needed funds has been involved since the very beginning to continue to support the important work and is passionate about the work that that the organisation does. the organisation does. As the daughter of Volunteers are essential to the running Frances Winegarten, one of the co-foundof the centre and the majority of these ers, she has seen Chai grow and develop volunteers have had their own experiencand is proud that it is now able to support es with cancer, whether themselves or a over 3,500 clients through their own cancer family member or friends, and are able to journeys.

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Chai’s founders

are estimated at £3.3 million per year and they receive no statutory funding, so are grateful to donors and those who help to raise money. Without this support from the community, Chai would not be able to continue their important and valuable work that it does. The fundraising team work closely with those who want to get involved

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Efrat saves thousands of Jewish lives in Israel each year.

 Annual Budget $4.5 million per year

Efrat is the world’s largest life-saving organisation, providing vital emotional and financial support to expectant women in Eretz Yisroel. Efrat strongly believes that every life is precious. No child should be denied the right to exist due to their financial constraints and inability to receive adequate financial services in Israel due to government restraints. These women need Efrat’s support and encouragement to withstand the pressures that could chas vesholom lead to precious lives being lost.

 Financial Assistance Package

• Monthly food packages for 12 months • One year’s supply of baby formula, nappies and wipes. • Buggy, cot and bathtub (courtesy of the Yad Chava L’Tinok Project). • Baby kit including sheets, a baby blanket, clothing, bibs, bottles and more. • Child care payments to enable new mothers to rejoin the workforce.

 Emotional Support Professional social workers who provide one-on-one counselling and advice. 3,000 trained volunteers, many of whom are former Efrat parents, reach out to potential mothers to provide encouragement. Free medical advice, information lectures, pamphlets, videos and CD’s.

 Practical Assistance Job training programme for mother to learn a practical trade in order to support their families. Efrat operates two hostels which provide a warm, supportive enviroment to up to 12 expecting women who lack the crucial support system they need.

Baby aby kits

Bathtubs athtubs

C Cans ans of fformula ormula o

With an annual budget of $4.5 million per year, Efrat has helped save the lives of over 73,000 babies since 1977.

Monthly onthly P Packages ackages

Sponsored by a donor for distribution in Shuls, Schools, Bar Mitzvah, Conferences etc

rge Free of cha

Sponsored by a donor

Kriat Shema al Hamita Ashkenaz / Sepharad / Chabad

To order Tel: 07812 212 787 Email: admin@ephrat.org.uk Specify quantity, nusach, address, & telephone

Please pay British Supporters of Ephrat, BARCLAYS BANK Sort Code: 202941 Acct. No.: 03776204

17,000 8,500 4,250 1,700 850

Gift Aid enables Ephrat to increase your donation by 25% at no extra cost to you provided you pay UK tax.

FOR ONLINE DONATIONS GO TO WW.EPHRAT.ORG.UK

FOR GIFT AIDED CONTRIBUTIONS PLEASE INDICATE WHEN DONATING

British Supporters

of EPHRAT

EFRAT (Israel) is regulated by the Israeli Charity Commission Registered Charity No. 580009363 UK Registered Charity No. 1100736

ISRAEL

LONDON, UK

MANCHESTER, UK

ANTWERP, BELGIUM

GIBRALTAR

10

Mr. A.J. Neuwirth 30 St. Georges Rd. London NW11 OLR Tel: 020-8458-2241 admin@ephrat.org.uk

Mr. L. Stern 2

Family Y Gefilhaus 75 Isabellalei 2018 Antwerpen Belgium Tel : 032338400 Mobile : 0476967710

Mr Eric Levy Gib Mobile: 54009171 Mobile: +34 653181825 ericjyimlevy@gmail.com

325 Jerusalem 91062 Tel: 972-2-5454500 efrat@efrat.org.il

Tel: 0161-740-4907

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Enabling independent living

Wishing our members, volunteers and partners well over the fast

T: 020 8385 3070 E: enquiries@ajr.org.uk W: www.ajr.org.uk

JLIVING OFFERS A HOME, INDEPENDENCE AND PEACE OF MIND

WISHING EVERYONE A HAPPY AND SWEET NEW YEAR !

 AssociationofJewishRefugees  @AJR_London

020 8381 4901

Sharon had become very isolated until she began participating in Jami’s writing group. With support she rediscovered a talent for creative expression and slowly regained her self-esteem following a struggle with severe depression. Jami’s bespoke approach provides practical help and support to over 1300 people,like Sharon, a year. More people are seeking our help every day. Please help Jami offer vital support by donating today

|

jliving.org.uk

|

#peaceofmind #jliving

Jami is the walking stick for my mind, holding me up when I need support

at www.jamiuk.org/donate - Sharon, Jami Service User and Creative Writer

jamiuk.org | 020 8458 2223 | info@jamiuk.org

Registered Charity 1003345. A Company Limited by Guarantee 2618170

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Vaad Harabbanim’s donors will merit a good year R' Chaim Kanievsky shlita

Moreinu Hagaon Hagadol Harav

Chaim Kanievsky

Shlita

Will pray fervently for all of Vaad Harabbanim's donors

1

Every Day Of Aseres Yemei Teshuvah After Reciting

All Sefer Tehillim

2

At Ne'ilah

To donate by Credit Card, give in names for Kvittlech, call now our Tzedaka hotline ‫ועד הרבנים לעניני צדקה בארה"ק‬

Vaad Harabanim Le’inyanei Tzedaka B’eretz Hakodesh

24 hour service, all credit / debit cards accepted

Donations may be sent to: Rabbi Z. Feldman ‫הגאון רבי זאב פעלדמאן שליט"א‬ Freepost RRLB-ZKAU-AXSK VHLT LONDON N16 5EW

All donations are tax deductible

V.H.L.T. Reg. Charity No. 1101241

Account number: 10155932 Sort code:16-00-58 IBAN: GB50RBOS16005810155932 BIC: RBOSGB2L Account name: VHLT LTD

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GIFT – Making a substantial difference across many communities It’s 4.00pm on Wednesday afternoon, the day after Rosh Hashanah. The GIFT office on the Hendon Way receives a call from a Jewish welfare organisation with an urgent referral. Although it is nearly time for the office to close for the night, GIFT springs into action. A list is quickly drawn up of desperately needed items, ranging from pots and pans and toothpaste to food and cooking utensils and an urgent appeal is sent to GIFT’s giving network. Incredibly, within 2 hours the entire list has been gifted by the community and within a few more hours a full van load had been generously donated. Such is the power of GIFT….such is the power of a giving community. This example is a simple but tangible way in which GIFT inculcates its mission; of inspiring others to sit up, take notice and get giving. Every year, GIFT’s education team deliver dynamic and creative sessions with over 23,000 attendances, embedding the importance and incalculable benefit of developing a giving mind-set.

GIFT’s many volunteering and giving initiatives, from food distribution to tutoring and from volunteer home visits to volunteer driving, make a substantial difference to the lives of over 250 of the community’s most disadvantaged households. In the last year GIFT recorded over 25,700 acts of giving through its educational and volunteering programmes. In recent months, GIFT has engaged with Young Professionals, with both packathons and awareness raising events taking place with an overwhelming positive response. GIFT in the CITY held its first session at Clifford Chance and an incredible fundraising challenge to Kilimanjaro in June 2020 with Shabbat above the clouds is available. GIFT would like to take the opportunity to thank all our incredible supporters, the givers that helped this week and the whole community and wish you Shana Tova. To help GIFT continue to engage the next generation in a life of giving, please give to GIFT this year by visiting jgift.org/donate

Registered charity no. 1153393

GIFT

GIFT - make a difference

GIFT inspires the next generation to become givers through dynamic education, impactful volunteering and supporting those in need.

GIFT initiatives: ● ● ● ●

Helping Hand Schools Projects Tutoring Club Food Packathons

● Step Up Shoe Recycling ● B’nei Mitzvah Parties ● Food Collections and Deliveries

For more information, call the GIFT office on (020) 8457 4429 or email: info@jgift.org GIFT is a member of the Jewish Futures family

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Shuvu Opening Day

SUPPLEMENT  39 FR W IE I N SH ‫ ב ה‬DS IN ‫ & טו‬S G A ‫ מ ה‬UP LL ‫ ת י‬PO O ‫ ו ח‬R UR ‫ ב ה‬TE ‫ ת י‬RS ‫כ‬ A

AT SHUVU SCHOOLS ACROSS ISRAEL

‫ברוך שהחיינו וקיימנו והגיענו לזמן הזה‬

25 4

NEW FIRST GRADE CLASSES

NEW SCHOOLS

GIRLS HIGH SCHOOL NETANYA BOYS HIGH SCHOOL NETANYA BOYS HIGH SCHOOL RISHON LETZION BOYS HIGH SCHOOL MEVASERET ZION

OVER

1,050

NEW STUDENTS

79

SCHOOLS IN 19 CITIES

AKKO • ASHDOD • ASHKELON BAT YAM • BE’ER SHEVA • BE’ER YAAKOV • BEIT SHEMESH • HADERA HOD HASHARON • JERUSALEM LOD • MEVASERET ZION • NETANYA NOF HAGALIL • PETACH TIKVA • RECHOVOT • RISHON LEZION • TEL AVIV • YAVNE British Friends of Shuvu 17 Golders Court, Woodstock Road London NW11 8QG T: 020 8209 3010 | W: www.shuvu.org Registered charity no: 1100984

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‫בס’’ד‬

We can count the number of seeds in an apple, but we can never know how many apples are contained in a seed... The

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3 OCTOBER 2019

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We wish our customers, suppliers and dear friends L’shanah tovah May this New Year be sweet, healthy and happy

Now open motsei shabbat One hour after shabbos ends and every Sunday for our famous Buffet Lunch

“High standards continue to be maintained with food that is excellent and authentic” Harden’s Best UK Restaurants 2018

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Voted ‘Best Kosher Restaurant’ Three Years in a Row Weekday Lunch great value!

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Kaifeng Gift Vouchers The gift of Taste

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Glatt Kosher Le Mahadrin under the strict supervision of the London Beth Din and Rabbi Akiva Osher Padwa 51 Church Road, Hendon NW4 4DU Reservations:

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Open Sunday to Thursday: Lunch 12.30 - 2.30pm, Dinner 5.30 - 10.30pm, Motzei Shabbat: September - Pesach

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42 FEATURE

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From the front line… BY JACQUELINE CURZON One of the obituaries this past week has caught my attention, that of footballer Fernando Ricksen who has died aged 43 from Motor Neurone Disease. He was struck down with MND aged just 37, shortly after retiring from the game from a back injury. A native of Holland, he played for Fortuna, and Zenit St. Petersburg, but probably he was best known for playing for Glasgow Rangers where, aged 24, he was signed for a fee of £3.75 million. At his debut Rangers press conference he controversially claimed not to know that Rangers fiercest opponent was Celtic. [To the uninitiated the teams were more about religious fervour and allegiance, than strictly come football.] The irony is that many players don’t affiliate with the same religion as their team. Ricksen was an example of this, having been born a Roman Catholic, but then playing for the (Protestant) Rangers. Noted for continual high profile misbehaviour, one famous prank was when he pushed his own club chairman (fully dressed) into a swimming pool, which definitely went down badly. In 2013, with a one year old daughter, he was diagnosed with Motor Neurone Disease and given only six months to live. Despite all his negative accolades, as a team player he was renowned for a can-do attitude, and this may have been a positive factor in his battle with MND, a battle he fought for six years. In the last year of his life he was resident in a hospice in Glasgow, confined to a wheelchair and robbed of speech. Thus he finally had to communicate via a speech synthesizor such as the one used by Stephen Hawking. In a show of unintentional unity, both Celtic and Rangers fans applauded the courage of this very brave young man. I’ve mentioned Ricksen here as it also resonates with me on a personal level. MND is a disease with no cure - My father was recently diagnosed with it, and I’ve been getting an up-close and personal acquaintance with this nasty disease. I indicated in a previous article, initial signs and symptoms of MND may be a bit vague and, in my fathers case, his issue with swallowing led an expert to initially mis-diagnose him with oesophageal cancer. Even though they remained unconvinced, it still took 6 months to get the diagnosis right, such is the potential complication with other conditions like Parkinson’s disease, stroke, dementia, psychosis, or various combinations thereof. Gradually however, one loses power and control of muscles and limbs, which takes away your ability to swallow, eat & drink, speak, walk unaided and ultimately to breathe. My father’s condition is exacerbated by the form of dementia referred to above, called FTD (frontotemporal degeneration) which is quite rare, but which makes his condition worse. His finer mental processes are now

Jacqueline Curzon PHOTO: LARA MINSKY PHOTOGRAPHY

Should Boris be denounced by Party Remain and thrown into Wormwood Scrubs, he would still get our unequivocal vote in a General Election affected, thereby leaving him in a parlous state. By the time it has taken complete hold of you, you may not know who you are anymore, may not recognise family and close friends, and have only a vague memory of events last week or a lifetime ago. Known as the 1000 day disease (life expectancy), my father doesn’t really appreciate the gravity of his condition, has been denied food and drink for 8 months, and - has not been told - he will never return to his home. Being elderly doesn’t make this any easier, because now he actually thinks he’s a young man again, variously living in the 1940s or ‘50s. Frequently his conversations will begin with.... ‘Why are they refusing to give me food?’ ‘They’re starving me!’ ‘Am I going home with you today?’ When a group of friendly nurses approach him to help, they cause massive anxiety, actually seeming like a group of strangers intent on attacking him. He will on occasion even try to fight them

off. It’s one of the cruelest conditions, where an unseen malevolent entity is sucking the life blood out of you. He has survived around 300 days, but they feel his deterioration is accelerating. Stephen Hawking - perhaps the most well known MND sufferer - was ultimately deprived of all his physical abilities, but - as far as we know his intellectual functioning was undiminished. And where, far from being predicted to die within 2 years, he survived 55 years. This was truly remarkable. Prof Nigel Leigh from King’s College London stated many years ago, “It’s a different beast if it starts when you’re young.” Doaa Taha, a PhD student at Francis Crick Institute, London, is currently undertaking research on reprogramming cells from MND patients into nerve cells, and is also working with pharmaceutical companies to develop drugs to try and slow MND progression. Here at home Brexit is still a hot topic, although Boris has been beaten down by the Supreme Court on the matter of the prorogation of Parliament. The Supreme Court were obliged to look at every potential scenario (including one where a future rogue PM might want to prorogue parliament for 3 months whilst they do ‘their own thing’). The High Court judged it differently because they were only looking at one specific case. Now as to the matter of the PM having to resign as a consequence, we must just say it out loud. Boris Johnson was not a grand-master in the Oxford Debating Society for naught, someone now scared to stand at the Despatch Box and argue his case with the political hoi polloi; he will hold his own in the House of Comedy. Unfortunately the smug and overbearing John Bercow is insistent on using his own Remainer agenda to frustrate the PM’s chances of delivering Brexit, be it ‘any Deal’ or ‘no Deal.’ Can one believe Bercow was - until 2009 - a Conservative? (How embarrassing!) I also discover he was a local chap from Edgware. Purporting to be at all times professional, impartial and polished, he is not quite what he writes on the tin. On BBC’s Westminster Hour back in 2010 Bercow said, ‘I want to uphold the right of everyone to be heard.’ Plainly this has changed now, so that some can be heard - far more often and far more loudly than others. John Major, disappointingly couldn’t resist jumping on board the Boris Bashing Bus which we’ve seen over the past few weeks. The former PM was a devious and not massively liked Conservative, who not only ensured Maggie’s resignation went ahead, so he could take the lead in the race to be PM, but also had his own experience of ‘egg on his face,’ with dearest Edwina. Between Bercow, Corbyn, Cameron and Major, they all seem intent on bringing down leaders, like snakes on the board, just to make personal political capital. In addition we have witnessed utter contempt and infantile behaviour from the EU, be this aimed at Theresa May, Boris Johnson or any

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others who show strength or opposition to their diktats. Ask yourself, would you want to belong to a club who treats its members in this puerile way? I hope Boris is emboldened by the knowledge that much of Britain is right behind him. Should Boris be denounced by Party Remain and thrown into Wormwood Scrubs, he would still get our unequivocal vote in a General Election. Many ardent Labour voters have realised that Corbyn is weak and unelectable, showing he cannot stand up to his ladies-in-waiting. Arthur Scargill, one of the Tories most passionate critics, has now berated the Labour Party, Lib Dems et al for calling on BoJo to resign, based on his ‘unlawful advice to the Queen’. Scargill goes on to state these same parties should subsequently call on the legal team who advised the Government that prorogation was lawful, to also resign. [Telegraph letters, 25 September]. Should we ultimately lose in this parliamentary farce, which will not be Johnson’s fault but the Remainer puppeteers in Parliament, I predict we will see massive civil unrest, reminiscent of the Poll Tax revolt, or perhaps even like Tiananmen Square. If so, I will be there with the first line of protesters marching towards Parliament in defence of our civil rights. Who’ll join me on the streets when the tanks roll down Whitehall? Like millions of others I have had enough of hearing our democratically arrogant MPs say they ‘know better,’ and therefore have the prerogative to undermine us, with the ‘Daddy knows better’ tactic. They do not. We did not put them in office, with a tacit right to overrule us if they felt we were misinformed. They are our representatives, not there to show a conflicting hand. Britain has been voicing discontent with EU involvement / interference since at least 2009; our European disenchantment wasn’t a new chapter simply written in 2016. Some disappointing news now from the Home Office. They report that 3 people a day are being rescued from their homes by the Fire Service.... to make it to hospital for bariatric surgery. Tim Fry of The National Obesity Forum adds, ‘people are getting so fat that they can’t get out of bed or the house and therefore have to be rescued! A huge effort will have to be made to get them to surgery whilst they are simply obese, but this will cost a fortune.’ The burden of moving 50 stone people down stairwells and out of first floor windows falls on an emergency service which should be fighting fire, not flab. Now back to what’s left of my honey cake. Wishing you all a belated Shana Tovah and Well over your Fast. Jacqueline x To follow Jacqueline’s journey blog, please visit https://whenallissaidanddone.home. blog/author/jacquelinecurzon/


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Looking for answers? Send your question to Rabbi@RabbiSchochet.com GIFT GIVING ON YOM KIPPUR

Dear Rabbi Ever since I was a little boy my grandparents used to come around to my house each year before Yom Kippur for a meal and they, as well as my parents would give us gifts for the New Year. At the time I just assumed this to be normal but in hindsight, Yom Kippur is not Chanukah; it’s a solemn day and I wonder if there is a basis for this custom or just some meshugas that I have now, admittedly, continued on with my family as well. Fenton Dear Fenton Needless to say I am unaware of such a custom, though I can appreciate the sentiment associated with the start of a New Year and perhaps thereby enhancing the appreciation of children as to the significance of that period on the calendar. That said, your question raises a fascinating idea. On the holiest of days, we need to ask ourselves: What gifts are we imparting to our children? Is it all the transient stuff of which we can never get enough though here today, gone tomorrow? Or is it something more meaningful, more substantial that no matter what will always leave an indelible impression. I remember when I turned nine years old. I had seen pictures of a walkie-talkie set which I was desperately hoping for my birthday gift. When I unwrapped the packaging - it was a bathrobe. I was so distraught – in fact if I am honest I don’t think till today I’ve ever recovered. I still remember

the price for the walkie-talkies, $7.99. The bathrobe would have been at least $10. I was devastated. Why did they do that? Because what kids think is in their best interest is not always the same as what parents know to be in their best interest. So yes, I would have had fun with the walkie-talkies until the batteries ran out. But the robe would keep me warm night after night for a much longer period of time. (Still, if anyone reader should want to buy me some walkie-talkies for my next birthday it might help with the healing). That’s a question for consideration: Are we gifting what our kids want or what we know they need? There are certain holidays during the year that are more focussed on gift giving. On Purim we have a mitzvah to gift at least two food items to another. On Chanukah we like to give gifts. Yom Kippur is not one of those times when we expect to give or receive gifts, but your letter prompts me to propose that we think about doing just that. Consider what gifts you are imparting to your loved ones – to your spouses, your children, your parents, yourself. The Torah relates how Avraham was a man of tremendous wealth and stature. He had two sons: one was Yitzchak whom he had from Sarah, his heir apparent, and the other was Yishmael born from Hagar. At the end of his life, says the Torah he “willed all that he owned to Yitzchak,” but to the children of Keturah (who was Hagar) - “he left gifts.” Rabbi Yehudah said in the Midrash: to Yitzchak he left the spiritual – the birth-right of the Jewish nation. But to Yishmael he

Tehillim Psalm 115 We carry on making our way through Hallel. Quite appropriate with Succot approaching! The psalm begins in dramatic fashion. ‘Lo lanu Hashem, lo lanu, ki leshimcha ten kavod, al chasdecha v’al amitecha – Not for our sake Hashem, not for our sake, but for Your Name’s sake, give glory for Your kindness and truth!’ According to the commentator ‘Iyun Tefillah,’ these words constitute a plea to G-d to redeem us not in our own merit, which is clearly unworthy, but for G-d’s own sake, to protect and promote His Name across the world. The psalm goes on to say the famous words in the next verse, ‘Lama yomru hago-

left the material gifts. What does this say to me? It serves as the model to us that the greatest gift we can leave our children is the spiritual. Teaching your son how to put on Tefilin, encouraging your daughter to light her Shabbat candle – praying with them - these are gifts that are both priceless and timeless which they in turn can bequeath to their children after them and so through the generations. Don't educate your children to be rich. Educate them to be happy. So when they grow up they will know the value of things not the price. Your children are the greatest gift G-d will give you and their souls the heaviest responsibility He will place in your hands. Take time with them – teach them to have faith in G-d. Be a person in whom they can have faith. When you are older nothing else you will have done will have mattered as much. When it comes to our spouses the greatest gift we can give them is the gift of unconditional love. Laugh when you can, apologise when you should and let go of what you can’t change. Relationships don’t happen by luck. They are the result of consistent investment of time, thoughtfulness, forgiveness, prayer, affection and mutual respect. The Torah tells us categorically that our patriarch Jacob loved Rachel and then immediately thereafter how he was willing to work for seven years in order to have her hand in marriage. And even after he was duped, he worked another seven years in order to have her. Fourteen years!

My Grandfather a”h used to say: “Before marriage he will walk to the other end of the world for you. After marriage he won’t even walk to the local grocery store!” Yakov maintained his consistency. He worked seven years for her before marriage and he worked seven years for her after marriage. Marriage is not a box of chocolates filled with all your expectations. It’s an empty box that you have to fill, with giving, loving, serving, praising which you then gift to your significant other. And then there is the gift you must give yourself. You are the master of your soul; you are the captain of your fate. Your life is G-d’s gift to you. What you do with it is your gift back to Him. G-d gifts us 86,400 seconds every single day and all too often we put ourselves last on our to-do-list. But of what good can you be to another- your spouse, your children if you don’t look to nurture yourself? You need to take out time to be alone with your soul – to understand your life’s calling and embrace it with vigour and determination. Look at Jonah, whom we read

Follow Rabbi Schochet at: RabbiSchochet.com Twitter: @RabbiYYS Facebook: facebook.com/Rabbiyys.

This Tehillim is a refuah sheleima for Naftoli Meir ben Esther

yim ayeh na Elokeihem – Why should the nations say, ‘Where now is their G-d?’ It is of deep concern to any G-d loving Jew that sadly the winds of history could easily lead to a claim that our G-d has disappeared. The deep and vitally important questions such as where was G-d in the Holocaust? are way beyond the scope of this article. However, we should still feel deeply personally upset that as a nation, we have sinned sufficiently for so much trouble to have come upon us, and we should all resolve to do something about it. As we approach the holiest day of the year Yom Kippur, we must all strive mightily to do a complete and perfect repentance before

Hashem. By doing Teshuvah and resolving to mend our ways for the better, may we all be inscribed in the book of life, for a sweet happy and healthy new year ahead, Amen.

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about on Yom Kippur. He ran from his life’s calling because he worried about the impact of his mission. The fact is you can’t control the future, only the present hence worrying about tomorrow only takes away the peace of today. The best thing you can do is to focus on the here and now and count your blessings. Give yourself the gift of following your dreams. Do what you love; do what is important for you. In order for you to live a fulfilled and meaningful life, you have to live it yourself. So don’t wait until it’s too late. Find the courage and willpower to live a life true to you. Yes, along the way there is sometimes pain and struggle. Even so, have faith that everything will work out for the best. You’ve got the proof that you are capable of more than you know, after all you made it this far. Have you ever played “pass the parcel?” You’re tearing frustratingly through layers upon layers of paper but you don’t give up because you know beyond all the vexation and exasperation, the struggle is really a wrapping for the gift inside. So don’t give up.


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“So now, write this song for yourselves, and teach it to the Children of Israel, place it in their mouth, so that this song shall be forVol.32 Me No.2qxp.qxp_Layout a witness amongst the Children Vayeilech 1 11/09/2019 17:16 Page 3of Israel” (Devarim 31:19).

Haftarah p.1134 Haftarah p.76 Haftarah p.113

Write this Song

by Rabbi Daniel Fine, Community Rabbi, Stanmore & Canons Park United Synagogue “And now write for you this song – place it in their mouths” (Devarim 31:19).

Second, Rabbi Avraham Ibn Ezra (1092-1167) writes that only Moshe and anyone else with sufficient levels of understanding should write down Ha’azinu. Much like the layers of According to many depth within a song, Torah is unique in that it a simple understanding and also Vayeilech Vol.32 No.2qxp.qxp_Layout 1 11/09/2019 17:16 has Pageboth 2 commentators, this verse contains the final mitzvah endless depth. Yet there is always a risk that we in the Torah, to write a Sefer Torah. The Torah oversimplify Torah. The recognition that there are great levels of depth and profundity refers to itself as a shira, a song. What does to Torah is fundamental. this mean?

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Vayeilech “SoSidrah now, write Summary: this song for yourselves, and teach it to the Children of Israel, place it in their mouth, so that this song shall be for Me a witness amongst the Children of Israel” (Devarim 31:19). 1st Aliya (Kohen) – Devarim 31:1-3 Moshe tells the people that he is no longer able to lead them, as he is not going into the Land with them (see Rashi). Rather, Yehoshua (Joshua) will lead them across the Jordan, as God had decreed. 2nd Aliya (Levi) – 31:4-6 Moshe continues by assuring the nation that they will conquer their enemies in Cana’an, in the same way that God allowed them to defeat the mighty kings Sichon and Og. However, they must make sure to destroy the idols that they will find there (see commentary of Rabbi Avraham Ibn Ezra). 3rd Aliya (Shlishi) – 31:7-9 In the presence of the nation, Moshe summons Yehoshua and tells him to be “strong and courageous”. God will go “in front of” Yehoshua and will not forsake him. Moshe writes the entire Torah and gives the scroll to the Kohanim and the elders. 4th Aliya (Revi’i) – 31:10-13 Moshe instructs the people in the mitzvah of hakhel. Just after the end of every seventh year of the agricultural cycle (shemitah), on Succot, all the people are to gather in Jerusalem, young and old, to hear the king read parts of the Torah. Hearing these words will encourage learning Torah and fear of God. 5th Aliya (Chamishi) – 31:14-19 God calls Moshe and Yehoshua to stand by the entrance to the Tent of Meeting (Ohel Moed), where He tells them that the nation will turn against Him and follow other gods. God’s anger will flare against Israel, and he will “hide His face” from them, as if He is unaware of their sufferings (Rashi). God commands Moshe to write the Song of Ha’azinu, (next week’s sidrah), and teach it to the people (Rashi).

Question: What phenomenon accompanied God’s appearance in the Tent of Meeting? (31:15). Answer on pg.6. Point to Consider: According to the Talmud, which famous Jewish heroine is hinted to in verse 31:18? 6th Aliya (Shishi) – 31:20-24 God continues with His message. After He brings the nation to the Land “which flows with milk and honey”, excessive enjoyment of that abundance will lead them to idol worship. Reading the Song of Ha’azinu (the following sidrah) will remind them that they were warned of the consequences of rebellion. 7th Aliya (Shevi’i) – 31:25-30 Moshe finishes writing the Sefer Torah and tells the Levi’im to place it next to the Aron (Ark). Moshe notes that in his lifetime, the people have been “rebellious and stiff-necked” and that this will carry on after his death. Haftarah This is a special haftarah, read on Shabbat Shuva, between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. It is made up of three parts, from the Biblical prophets Hoshea, Yoel and Micha. The first part calls on Israel to return to God; even after sinning, their return will be lovingly accepted. The second part emphasises that our teshuva (return/repentance) has to be sincere and heartfelt, not superficial. The last section states that God is unique in His readiness to pardon.

The Rambam (Maimonides 1135-1204) writes thatAliya the shira here– actually refers exclusively to 1st (Kohen) Devarim 31:1-3 the song Moshe tells of the Ha’azinu, people thatnext he is week’s no longersidrah. able However, since one may not write one part of to lead them, as he is not going into the Land the Torah down without the rest, by default there with them (see Rashi). Rather, Yehoshua (Joshua) is a mitzvah to commit the entire Torah to will lead Thus, them across the to Jordan, as God had writing. according the Rambam the decreed. entire Torah is referenced through the shira of Ha’azinu. How is this so? We can suggest 2nd Aliya (Levi) – 31:4-6 three approaches. Moshe continues by assuring the nation that

they will conquer their enemies in Cana’an, in First, Rabbi Baruch Epsteinthem (1860–1941) the same way that God allowed to defeat 1 explains a Sichon song allows individuality the mightythat kings and Og.for However, they withinmake a collective goal. When a that group must sure to destroy the idols theyof people together, has their of ownRabbi voice, will findsing there (see each commentary and thereIbn canEzra). even be harmonies and melodies; Avraham yet everyone is aiming to enhance the beauty 3rd Aliya (Shlishi) – 31:7-9 of the song. In contrast, if they sing out of sync, In the presence the nation, each aiming toofamplify theirMoshe own summons voice, the Yehoshua tells him to be “strong and song will beand ruined. courageous”. God will go “in front of” Yehoshua and will not forsake him. Moshe writes the This explains why the Torah is referred to as entire Torah and gives the scroll to the Kohanim a shira. We each have our own character traits and the elders. and individuality. Yet that individuality is constructive only– in as much as it contributes 4th Aliya (Revi’i) 31:10-13 to the instructs whole. Like in a song, Jewofis Moshe the people in theeach mitzvah precious but the nation is greater than the sum hakhel. Just after the end of every seventh year of the its agricultural parts. The cycle famous artist Marc Chagall (shemitah), on Succot, (1887-1985) met Rabbi Yitzchak all the peopleonce are to gather in Avraham Jerusalem, young HaKohen (1865-1935) so and old, toKook hear the king readand partswas of the impressed that he offered to paint portrait Torah. Hearing these words will his encourage for free.Torah Rabbi was to ask, learning andKook's fear of reaction God. “Do you think this would be of any benefit to the 5th Aliya (Chamishi) – 31:14-19 Jewish People?” God calls Moshe and Yehoshua to stand by the entrance to the Tent of Meeting (Ohel Moed), where He tells them that the nation will turn In memory of and Tzemach Yisrael against Him followben other gods. God’s anger In memory of Tzemach ben Yisrael will flare against Israel, and he will “hide His face” from them, as if He is unaware of their sufferings (Rashi). God commands Moshe to write the Song of Ha’azinu, (next week’s sidrah), and teach it to the people (Rashi).

Third, the Ramban (Nachmanides 1194-1270) writes that the shira here lays out our Question: What phenomenon accompanied entire history – from Creation to the arrival God’s appearance thea Tent of Meeting? of Moshiach. A songin has beginning and an (31:15). pg.6. end – itAnswer has aonsequence, structure, pattern and rhythm. So too history has a beginning and Point to Consider: According to the Talmud, an end – it has sequence, rhythm and structure. which Jewish hinted in Yet we famous are often unableheroine to see isthis. It is to easy verse 31:18? to be lost in the busyness of daily life, the struggles and challenges that we experience, 6th Aliya (Shishi) – 31:20-24 failing to see the tapestry After of history God continues withgrand His message. He and that God a plan for Land us as “which individuals and brings thehas nation to –the flows for as aand nation. This shira aims to enjoyment remind us withusmilk honey”, excessive that He has a grand historical plan. of that abundance will lead them to idol worship. Reading the Song of Ha’azinu (the following sidrah) will remind them that they were warned of the consequences of rebellion.

7th Aliya (Shevi’i) – 31:25-30 Moshe finishes writing the Sefer Torah and tells the Levi’im to place it next to the Aron (Ark). Moshe notes that in his lifetime, the people have been “rebellious and stiff-necked” and that this will carry on after his death. Haftarah This is a special haftarah, read on Shabbat Shuva, between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. It is made up of three parts, from the Biblical prophets Hoshea, Yoel and Micha. The first part calls on Israel to return to God; even after sinning, their return will be lovingly accepted. The second part emphasises that our teshuva (return/repentance) has to be sincere and heartfelt, not superficial. The last section states that God is unique in His readiness to pardon. 3

United Synagogue Daf Hashavua Produced by US Living & Learning together with the Rabbinical Council of the United Synagogue Editor: Rabbi Chaim Gross Editor-in-Chief: Rabbi Baruch Davis Editorial and Production Team: Rabbi Daniel Sturgess, Rabbi Michael Laitner, Joanna Rose Available also via email US website www.theus.org.uk ©United Synagogue To sponsor Daf Hashavua please contact Danielle Fox on 020 8343 6261, or dfox@theus.org.uk If you have any comments or questions regarding Daf Hashavua please email rabbigross@theus.org.uk 2

United Synagogue Daf Hashavua Produced by US Living & Learning together with the Rabbinical Council of the United Synagogue Editor: Rabbi Chaim Gross Editor-in-Chief: Rabbi Baruch Davis Editorial and Production Team: Rabbi Daniel Sturgess, Rabbi Michael Laitner, Joanna Rose Available also via email US website www.theus.org.uk ©United Synagogue To sponsor Daf Hashavua please contact Danielle Fox on 020 8343 6261, or dfox@theus.org.uk If you have any comments or questions regarding Daf Hashavua please email rabbigross@theus.org.uk

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as he welcomed in the first-ever Shabbat. This seems a puzzling statement. Firstly, it is He had just been expelled from the Garden beyond our control to determine whether we 4 Vayeilech Vol.32 No.2qxp.qxp_Layout 1 11/09/2019 17:16 Vayeilech Page 4 Vol.32 No.2qxp.qxp_Layout 1 11/09/2019 17:16 Page of Eden. Having anticipated death for his sin, have dreams or not. Furthermore, why does a he was joyous that God had not him is that 46 JUDAISM  TO ADVERTISE 020 8488 of a3906 dream indicate thatgiven a person ‘bad’? The Vilna Gaon (Rabbi Eliyahu Kramer d. 1797) CALLlack punishment. gave a novel and enlightening interpretation. have dreams or not. Furthermore, why does a lack of a dream indicate that a person is ‘bad’?

The Vilna Gaon (Rabbi Eliyahu Kramer d. 1797)

Why was givenand thisenlightening chance? His exit from gavehe a novel interpretation. We are all faced with the challenge of making Shabbat: Special Time Teshuva Eden coincided with the entrance of Shabbat. Shabbat: AASpecial Time forfor Teshuva Shabbat: A Special Time for Teshuva

p. 270). According to one Midrashic interpretation, this song was sung by Adam as he welcomed in the first-ever Shabbat. 3 OCTOBER 2019 He had just been expelled from the Garden of Eden. Having anticipated death for his sin, he was joyous that God had not given him that punishment.

sure that we are prioritising the most important

This was not a coincidence. Adam perceived by Rabbi Gross, Editor, Daf Hashavua Chaim Editor, Daf Hashavua by RabbiChaim Chaim Gross, Editor, Daf Hashavua areasbyofRabbi our lives andGross, not neglecting those We are allpresents faced with challenge for of making that Shabbat the the opportunity

Why was he given this chance? His exit from Eden coincided with the entrance of Shabbat. things that should really demand the most sure that we are prioritising the most important the teshuva that he would need to do, in order This was not a coincidence. Adam perceived attention. How are treating thoseofabout Today is Shabbat Shuva, We Today is many Shabbat Shuva, are challenged to we realise that the We are realise that many the areas of ouroflives and notchance neglecting to make thechallenged most thetosecond thatof those that Shabbat presents the opportunity for whomwhich we care? much time are we setting grabHow ourthe attention arebetween actually things attention are the actually the Shabbat between Rosh things Shabbat Rosh things that grab shouldourreally demand most he had beenwhich given. growth in our spiritualInand lives? Are Kippur, we the teshuva that he would need to do, in order morefor than a passing ‘dream’. the Yom eyes of Hashanah and Yom Kippur, noaside noattention. more thanHow a passing ‘dream’. In the eyes of Hashanah are we treating those about to make the most of the second chance that tooTalmud, focused on topassing trivialities? life on which special emphasis the on which special emphasis failure re-assess our lives As every the Talmud, failure How to re-assess ourare lives every whom we care? much time we setting If this message is true of every Shabbat, it is he had been given. seems is to wasteful. become ever busier on andlooking ever more is wasteful. is placed on looking into our Shabbat aside for growth in our spiritual lives? Are we is placed into our Shabbat perhaps even more poignant on Shabbat Shuva. demanding, this challenge only appears to be deeds. deeds. too focused on passing trivialities? As life Having gone through the process of recognising increasing. This special connection between Shabbat and seems to connection become busier Shabbat andsense everand more If this message is true of every Shabbat, it is This special between God’s Kingship on Rosh ever Hashanah, our perhaps even more poignant on Shabbat Shuva. demanding, this challenge only appears to has the earliest of historic roots. The Talmud states: “One who sleeps for seven teshuva teshuva has the earliest of historic roots.be The Talmud states: “One who sleeps for seven of perspective is more finely-tuned than ever. Having gone through the process of recognising Every Shabbat, we have the opportunity to take increasing. days without a dream is considered On Friday nights at the end of the Kabalat days without a dream is considered nights endhave of the Kabalat AndOn YomFriday Kippur, whenatwethe really to ‘face God’s Kingship on Rosh Hashanah, our sense a break service, from thewe rapid rhythms of 92, the weekday Shabbat recite Psalm Mizmor bad” (Berachot 14a). Shabbat service, we recite Psalm 92, Mizmor up to ourselves’, is only a few days away. bad” (Berachot 14a). of perspective is more finely-tuned than ever. working world. We can stop ask ourselves Shir Le’Yom HaShabbat (seeand green siddur, Shir Le’Yom HaShabbat (seeopportunity green siddur, Every Shabbat, we have the to take And Yom Kippur, when we really have to ‘face these searching questions. Having paused, p. 270). According to one Midrashic a break from the rapid rhythms of the weekday p. 270). According to one Midrashic This seems a puzzling statement. Firstly, it is a puzzling statement. Firstly, up to ourselves’, is only a few days away. we This may seems wellthis detect those whichit is songthat was sungthings by whether Adam working world. can was stop and thisWesong sungask byourselves Adam beyond our control to determine whether we interpretation, beyond our control tobeen determine we interpretation, are in fact fleeting have given too much welcomed in the first-ever Shabbat. searching inquestions. HavingShabbat. paused, he welcomed the first-ever have dreams or not. Furthermore, why does a as he have On dreams or not. Furthermore, why does a asthese priority. Shabbat, we can resolve redress He had just been expelled from the toGarden wehad mayjustwell detect that those things which lack of a dream indicate that a person is ‘bad’? He been expelled from the Garden lack of a dream indicate that a person is ‘bad’? balance towards the truly meaningful and ofthe Eden. Having anticipated death for his sin, are in fact fleeting have been given too much of Eden. Having anticipated death for his sin, eternal. hethe was joyous that God had not given him that On Shabbat, can to redress hepriority. was joyous that Godwe had notresolve given him that The Vilna Gaon (Rabbi Eliyahu Kramer d. 1797) The Vilna Gaon (Rabbi Eliyahu Kramer d. 1797) punishment. the balance towards the truly meaningful and punishment. gave a novel and enlightening interpretation. a novel enlightening interpretation. Thatgave is what theand Talmud is subtly conveying. the eternal. Every seven days this includes a Shabbat. are Why was he given chance? His exitWe from Why was he given this chance? His exit from We are all faced with the challenge of making We are allnot faced withentrance the challenge of making charged with dashing through life, in danger Eden coincided with the of Shabbat. Thatcoincided is what the is subtly conveying. Eden withTalmud the entrance of Shabbat. sure that we are prioritising the most important of actually being ‘asleep’ for a whole week. sure that we are prioritising the most important This was not a coincidence. Adam perceived Every includes aAdam Shabbat. We are This wasseven not adays coincidence. perceived areas of our lives and not neglecting those of our lives the and opportunity not neglecting that areas Shabbat presents for those that Shabbat thethrough opportunity for charged with presents not dashing life, in danger things that should really demand the most things that should really demand the most the teshuva that he would need to do, in order of teshuva actually that being for atowhole the he ‘asleep’ would need do, in week. order attention. How are we treating those about to make attention. How are we those theofmost ofRachel the second chance that about to make the most of the second chance that4 In memory Chaya bat treating Moshe Ben-tzion whom we care? How much time we setting Vol.32 No.2qxp.qxp_Layout 1 11/09/2019 17:16 Page 6 Vayeilech Vol.32 No.2qxp.qxp_Layout 1 are 11/09/2019 17:16 5 we In memory of Chaya Rachel bat Moshe Ben-tzion whom care? How much time are we settingVayeilech hePage had been given. he had been given. aside for growth in our spiritual lives? Are we aside for growth in our spiritual lives? Are we too focused on passing trivialities? As life In memory of Chaya Rachel bat Moshe Ben-tzion too focused on passing trivialities? As life message is true of every Shabbat, it is seems to become ever busier and ever more If thisseems If this message is true of every Shabbat, it is to become ever busier and ever more even more poignant on Shabbat Shuva. demanding, this challenge only appears to be perhaps demanding, this the challenge appears to be perhaps even more poignant on Shabbat Shuva. Having gone through processonly of recognising increasing. Having gone through the process of recognising increasing. God’s Kingship The History of Jewish Philosophy: Part 7on–Rosh Hashanah, our sense God’s Kingship on Rosh sense The History ofHashanah, JewishourPhilosophy: Part 7 (continued) of perspective is more finely-tuned than ever. of perspective is more finely-tuned than ever. Rabbi David Nieto and Spinoza’s Pantheism Every Shabbat, we have the opportunity to take And Every Yom Kippur, when we really have to ‘face Shabbat, we have the opportunity to take And Yom Kippur, when we really have to ‘face a break from Chaim the rapidBurman, rhythms of weekdayFellow by Rabbi USthe Rabbinic Rabbi Nieto maintained his composure contrary, “every blade of grass”, the Midrash up toaourselves’, onlyrapid a fewrhythms days away. break fromis the of the weekday upprestige, to ourselves’, a few working world. We can stop and ask ourselves and urged theis only board to days act away. with restraint. writes, “has its own angel appointed over it, working world. We can stop and ask ourselves these searching questions. Having paused, Zarfatti, however, when offered a meeting with telling it to grow”. searching Havingandpaused, kind. He was a questions. dynamic leader his The Bevis Marks its these we may well detect that those things which the rabbi who would explain his position, we may well detect that him thoseto things background enabled tend towhich a Synagogue was built in diverse After Rabbi Ashkenazi interceded on behalf are in fact fleeting have been given too much refused. are in factwhich fleetinghad have abeen given too much wide range of 1701, 45 years after the community priority. On Shabbat, formation we can resolve to redress of Rabbi Nieto, there was an immediate of a Spanish challenges. priority. On Shabbat, we can resolve to redress the balance towards the truly meaningful and Ultimately, the issue was resolved when the reconciliation within the community, who the balance towards the truly meaningful and & Portuguese Community the eternal. community approached the famed Rabbi Tzvi continued to revere their leader until his the eternal. was one incident that occurred within in London. Leading the There Ashkenazi of Altona, Germany, who examined death in 1728. In Rabbi Nieto’s 1714 work, synagogue’s dedication the community which was particularly significant That is what the Talmud subtlyDavid conveying. the statements of Rabbi Nieto and ruled strongly Kuzari Sheni, the theme of God and nature was was is Rabbi Nieto at That that time andthe also served highlight an is what Talmud is to subtly conveying. Every seven days includes a Shabbat. We are in his favour. Rabbi Nieto had indeed stated that revisited. In the next article we will examine the (1654-1728), the community’s newly-appointed important idea in Jewish philosophy. In 1703, Every seven days includes a Shabbat. We are charged not dashing through life, in dangerby God works with the laws of nature but he had contribution of that book to Jewish philosophy. rabbi. with Venerated throughout London Joshua Zarfatti, influential charged with not an dashing through community life, in danger of actually being ‘asleep’ for a whole week. never equated them. God is the force behind all Jews and non-Jews alike, Rabbi Nieto was member of actually for afinanced whole week. whobeing had‘asleep’ partially the order in the universe. He is the One who “covers a masterful leader and gifted orator. He was construction of Bevis Marks, refused to enter the sky with rain-bearing clouds and gives food also an important figure in the study of any building where Rabbi Nieto was present. to the animal” (Tehilim/Psalms 147). For this 4 InJewish memory of Chaya Rachel bat Moshe Ben-tzion philosophy. He In charged RabbiRachel Nieto was a heretic. 4 memorythat of Chaya bat Moshe Ben-tzion reason, the word “nature” is not mentioned once in the entire Tanach (Hebrew Bible), since nature Born in Venice, at a young age he travelled to Zarfatti claimed that in a recent sermon in is nothing more than the very consistent way that study medicine at the University of Padua, Italy the Yeshiva, Rabbi Nieto had espoused heretical God interacts with the world. Of course, He also and combined his studies with preparation for theories about God and nature. He accused transcends nature, performing miracles when the rabbinate. At the time, Padua was the only Rabbi Nieto of equating God and nature, as if necessary and He orchestrates even the smallest university in the world that unrestrictedly God was nothing more than the force events in the world. Rabbi Nieto was merely Rabbi accepted Jewish students. Although he was a behind everything mundane that we see around emphasising that we should not think that David Nieto gifted scholar, mastering complex mathematics, us. nature is a force independent of God. On the astronomy and numerous languages including Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Latin, French and For the community, this claim must have been Greek, Rabbi Nieto never quite developed a all too familiar. Just 50 years earlier, the Spanish An Introduction to South American Jewry Part 6: strong proficiency in English and was reluctant and Portuguese community in Amsterdam had Ashkenazi Jews in Brazil to use it in public settings. excommunicated Baruch Spinoza for advancing by Dayan Elimelech Vanzetta, Rabbinical and Halachic Administrator for US Burial, theologies that were a poorly disguised form of Lecturer for US in the City It was whilst he was a doctor and rabbi in the atheism. Spinoza claimed that God and nature Italian city of Livorno that he was approached were one and that there is no transcendence, Organised Ashkenazi Waves of Jewish immigration followed, first by by the community in London, who were eager no knowing Being that cares and intervenes in immigration to Brazil Russian and Polish Jews escaping pogroms for him to become their spiritual leader. They the world. Of course, this is at total odds with started in 1891, through and the Russian Revolution, then in the 1930s offered Rabbi Nieto a handsome yearly wage the Jewish conception of God as an allthe Jewish Colonization during the rise of Nazis in Europe. of £110 plus accommodation close to Bevis knowing, all-powerful, loving Being who Association (sometimes Marks, expecting in return that he would give a intervenes in history and guides the world referred to as the JCE In the late 1950s, another wave of immigration sermon once every two weeks. There was one constantly. It is likely that the trauma of the further request: that he would not practice Spinoza affair led some within the London or by Yiddish-speakers as brought thousands of North African and Arabica’’qyy) which was created medicine at all once he came to London; community to be hypersensitive speaking Jews. Nowadays Jewish communities towards on September 11 of that year by Baron Maurice thrive in Brazil, which has the ninth largest he would exclusively be their rabbi. philosophical ideas that they heard. de Hirsch. Its aim was to facilitate the Jewish community in the world, numbering mass emigration of Jews from Russia and about 107,300 according to the 2010 Census. Rabbi Nieto accepted and actually exceeded Although Zarfatti’s protest gained little traction other Eastern European countries, by settling the community’s expectations. He gave a amongst the community, the synagogue board them in agricultural colonies on lands discourse twice every Shabbat and was quick were furious at the affront to the rabbi’s honour. purchased by the Committee, particularly in to set up social benefit institutions, such as They approached Sir Edward Northey, the North America (Canada and the United States) a community orphanage and educational English Attorney-General, to find out the legal and South America (Argentina and Brazil). institution (Yeshiba Saare Ora), the first of implications of banning the dissenters from the community. In a manner which only added to his

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Answer: A pillar of cloud

In memory of Harav Yisrael ben Harav Uriah

In memory of Harav Yisrael ben Harav Uriah

5

In memory of Harav Binyamin ben Harav Shalom

In memory of Harav Binyamin ben Harav Shalom

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Torah from Israel We Are All Yonah BY RABBI MOSHE TARAGIN The dramatic story of Yonah being swallowed by a whale exhibits classic teshuva themes. An entire metropolis of Ninveh, condemned to death, ultimately rallies, repents and is spared. Both Jew and nonJew alike possess G-d-given and unlimited freedom of choice rendering teshuva a universal experience. Ninveh’s last minute redemption also highlights that it is never too late for teshuva or character transformation. In fact, Yonah himself is caged in the belly of the beast, a few breaths from death until he is born anew. Though he is swallowed by a male he prays and is reborn in a female; his tomb has become a womb! Yonah’s story captures so many teshuva messages! Yet Yonah’s initial fleeing remains perplexing. Where is he running and what exactly is his plan to abscond from G-d? Yonah, a prophet, should know better and is well aware that G-d can easily trace his journey. Where is he running and what is he thinking? A careful read of his initial “steps” provides a partial understanding. He is described as walking away “MiLifnei Hashem” from the “presence of G-d” rather than the more common term of walking away “MeiHashem” which would connote simply departing from G-d. Yonah isn’t parting with G-d but fleeing from the intense encounter with the presence of G-d. Of course, it is obvious to him that he can’t flee from G-d and cannot hide from the Divine grasp; without question, G-d will discover his whereabouts. He isn’t seeking to hide but merely to detach and disengage. He wants to quit the condition of standing in the presence of G-d to avoid a state of intimacy, mindfulness and religious “focus”. Standing in the presence of G-d creates religious pressure, expectation and challenge, is a charged and intense encounter, and mandates responsibility and mission. Yonah craves a more relaxed and chilled mindset – one without intimidating challenges bearing down on him. He flees to Tarshish, a major commercial port, and hopes to blend in within the hustle bustle of daily life. In this busy environment, he isn’t forced to face the prospect of religious expectation and isn’t forced to wrestle with his Divine mission to stir Ninveh to mass repentance. Interestingly enough, the exact same phraseology is employed to describe Kayin’s parting from G-d after his vicious crime. Living in a prehistoric age,

Kayin like Yonah, could not possibly have believed that he could “lose” G-d or hide in a “mass of humanity”. He doesn’t flee G-d, but seeks a world without His presence and of course without guilt and without facing the consequences of his murderous act. He and Yonah are “escape artists” looking to flee from the pressure of religious mission or the pressure of moral guilt. Neither is running away from G-d but each is searching for a laid-back getaway without the pressure of moral expectations which religion creates. At some point or another, we are all Yonah and we are all Kayin - we all part with G-d when we need to. At various points in our lives it is more convenient to create “distance” between ourselves and G-d. To enable our disobedient behavior, we require a degree of cognitive dissonanceimagining that G-d isn’t present and isn’t observing. We know this to be false, but we adopt a false reality to create space for misbehavior. We all experience the flight of Yonah. The core viduy confession of Yom Kippur includes a trifecta of “chatanu, vinu, pashanu” with the latter phrase referring to moments of rebellion. Most of us aren’t hardened rebels denying G-d’s presence or outright revolting against His authority. Instead we are passing rebels- temporarily asking G-d to leave the room or momentarily leaving the room ourselves so that we can attend to our “needs”. We, as Yonah, acknowledge that this is fiction but yet we all walk out- even temporarilyfrom religious encounter with G-d. For this we all must confess “pashanu”- we have not denied Your presence but momentarily ignored it. However, Yonah’s mad dash to Tarshish is more than just departing from the intense glare of the Divine presence. As a prophet, he knows that sooner or later he will travel to Ninveh and fulfill his mission. However, he would greatly prefer that this be later rather than sooner. The timing is not right, the situation is too tense and ‘hot’, and Yonah would rather defer this journey to a different date. He isn’t fleeing as much as he is delaying. Chazal warn us against this type of religious procrastination. “If a person plans to sin and to repent, to sin and to repent, he isn’t afforded the ability to perform repentance” (Yoma 85b). Of course, this warning doesn’t address an outright hypocrite who flagrantly sins with the ridiculous plan of atoning tomorrow for today’s sins. Such two-faced behavior

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“If a person plans to sin and to repent, to sin and to repent, he isn’t afforded the ability to perform repentance” requires no admonition because it is beyond absurd. Instead, Chazal refer to someone who desires teshuva and desires religious growth but delays and defers to some future date. It is this person whose teshuva is foiled. Theoretically, every human being retains a perpetual ability for repentance. However, throughout life, we develop deeply conditioned habits which become ever more difficult to shatter. We all hope to excel at religion, but we often schedule that opportunity for “later in life”, after we have succeeded in other areas we evaluate as more important or pressing. These patterns of religious procrastination become hardened and we are ultimately trapped in an invisible prison of habit

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and religious mediocrity. We are very much alive but severely constricted by the power of habit and conditioning. Of course, we retain the theoretical ability to achieve teshuva and growth but with each deferral it becomes less and less likely. The tragedy of Yonah urges us to halt our procrastination and immediately face religious challenge and strive for religious excellence. Kesiva Vachasima Tovah Moshe Taragin Rabbi Moshe Taragin has taught at Yeshivat Har Etzion in Gush Etzion, for the past 22 years.


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Yom Kippur RABBI DR RAYMOND APPLE

SPEECH, SONG & SILENCE

Yom Kippur has an amazing fascination. It draws to the synagogue massive numbers of Jews who show very little interest for the rest of the year. For some it is the day when one shouldn’t be absent; if one doesn’t come, family, friends and fellow congregants say, “We missed you. Were you well?” There are three serious reasons for the power of Yom Kippur – speech, song and silence: Speech The language is old-fashioned but the themes are everlasting. Franz Rosenzweig never spelt out what tugged at his heart on that fateful Yom Kippur, but he drew back from the brink because he sensed that his life had been lacking. When we come to shule on Yom Kippur we sense that something is missing in our lives. In the classical terms of theology, we have sinned. Whatever the sins, they reduce the quality of our lives. Song Starting with the poignant Kol Nidrei, the day is full of melody, its minor keys moving to major, its major keys moving to minor. Often the melody outweighs the words. There are great cantorial pieces and a distinctive underlying chant, but the wise cantor often leaves it to the congregation to sing because that’s how they make the service their own. Silence There are ups and downs in the service. One of its great points is its moments for meditation.

Don’t fret if you miss out a few pages. If a thought catches hold of you, let yourself daydream about it. Tease what you can out of the words, the ideas, the moment. Don’t resort to chatting with your neighbour; chat to yourself, chat to the Almighty. Silence is speech. God is in the “kol d’mamah dakkah”, the thin, small inner voice.

KIPPUR

The Book of Vayikra is studded with references to the word “Kippur”, which has at least two meanings. It is linked with “kofer”, a ransom. When every Israelite male is told to bring half a shekel to the sanctuary, the money is called “kessef hakippurim”, ransom money. There is a further connotation to the root “k-p-r” – to cleanse. The Yom Kippur procedures in the Temple cleansed the people of the sins which disfigured them. Part of the Yom Kippur ritual is the banishment of a scapegoat, which symbolically carries away the sins of the people. The idea of the goat is a metaphor for our determination that our misdeeds will be removed as fast and as far as possible. Cleansing requires removal, remorse… and commitment never to repeat the sin (Maimonides, Laws of Repentance, ch.1).

WHAT KOL NIDREI MEANS

What Kol Nidrei means must be more than the music. Otherwise it would never have been so battered and battled over during the course of its long history. Yet when you delve into the text you find that it seems to negate everything that Judaism believes in. Where Judaism says that one must keep a promise (Deut. 23: 21-23, Kohelet 5:4-5), Kol Nidrei says that oaths are

Mesillat Yesharim: Part 15 RABBI MORDECHAI ULLMAN Mincha Yom Kippur afternoon. All are feeling the pangs of hunger and the tiredness but also the process of Teshuva nearing its peak. The Sefer Torah is removed from the Aron Kodesh and the Baal Kriah begins reading - all about the laws of immorality and how one should distance themselves from illicit Cannanite practices. It may be the topic furthest from one’s mind at that point, but it is exactly the time we

need to hear the message - however holy you feel, whatever spiritual levels you’ve achieved - always be on guard against the evil inclination that entices one towards immoral behaviour. Having explained the prohibition of theft and how its offshoots require constant awareness even to upstanding citizens, Ramchal continues by warning of the many boundaries that are required in order to achieve “Neki’us” in the area of illicit relationships. Not only does the Torah

Chofetz Chaim: Part 19 RABBI MORDECHAI ULLMAN There is an opinion that permits Loshon Hora about those who create and maintain Machloket – quarrels, in the community. However, the Chofetz Chaim cautions against doing so freely, as it is only permitted if the dispute would thereby be settled. Furthermore, the speaker must have firsthand knowledge if discussing the matter

and must intend to relate it for a good purpose, not out of hatred of the subject. If the matter can be settled without the Loshon Hora being spoken, it is forbidden to relate it. If in doubt, it is best to stay out of the dispute. How about Loshon Hora regarding the dead? It has been accepted from medieval sages, that this too, is forbidden, even regarding an ignoramus, and certainly

no oaths. The key to Kol Nidrei rests not in the oaths but attitudes. It seems to be human nature to blithely undertake things which turn out to be too difficult to fulfil. Sometimes we know in advance that we should not be making the undertaking but we do it for dramatic effect. How often did people say to me as their rabbi, “I promise on my mother’s grave to do such-and-such a thing”. Perhaps it was, “I swear on my daughter’s life that I will do such-and-such”. Fortunately I knew enough to smile and not take the promise seriously but I still got upset at the mention of a dead parent or a living child. In any case Kol Nidrei does not deal with promises to other people but promises to God, and that’s where we make our great mistake. We think God will recognise that we are exaggerating and He will smile and forgive us. Descartes said, “God will forgive – that’s His job!” Through Kol Nidrei we say to God, “Lord, Your children fear that they will promise You too much. Please guide us to keep our undertakings modest.”

THE B’NEI MARON

The dramatic High Holyday poem, Une’tanneh Tokef, written in the Middle Ages and possibly emanating from Rabbi Amnon of Mainz, describes mankind coming before God in single file on the Day of Judgment, like sheep which the shepherd checks over. The Hebrew phrase for “like sheep” is “kiv’nei maron”, which has at least six interpretations, of which “like sheep” (in Aramaic “b’nei imrana”) is only one interpretation. Other views include the following: * Soldiers of the House of David (“kiv’nei maron” is in this view a Hebraised version of the Greek “noumeron”, a troop): the notion is of a military unit filing before their

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commander. * Soldiers going in single file through the narrow, steep pass of Horon, i.e. Bet Choron, not Bet Maron. This is the view of Resh Lakish in the Talmud. A detailed discussion of Bet Choron is found in the Talmud in Sanhedrin 32b. All these and similar interpretations add up to the same thing – every creature being minutely scrutinised by the Almighty, both because He loves each one and because no-one can escape Heavenly attention. What calls the people of the world to appear before God is the sound of the shofar. A well-known interpretation of the shofar says that the notes start with t’ki’ah, the call to attention; they continue with sh’varim and t’ru’ah, symbolising the fear and trepidation that shakes every individual heart and conscience; and they conclude with another t’ki’ah, as if to say, “March on with God’s blessing!” Rabbi Apple served for 32 years as the chief minister of the Great Synagogue, Sydney, Australia’s oldest congregation. He is now retired and lives in Jerusalem. Rabbi Apple blogs at http://www.oztorah.com

forbid action with forbidden partnerships, it requires distancing oneself from stumbling. This has far-reaching ramifications so includes gazing at, enjoying the song of, excessive chatter with, or thinking about the beauty of, a non-related female. Seclusion with a person of the opposite gender is also forbidden, as a safeguard. All would be horrified at the presence of an indecent person in a sanctuary, yet our sages taught that forbidden thoughts should evoke more horror than that. This also includes refraining from abusing the gift of speech G-d granted human beings with. Profanity of the mouth an

offence which carries consequences even for one who is otherwise righteous. It is certainly a challenge in today’s society to remain pure from all forbidden sights and sounds, and attaining levels of Neki’us does not happen overnight. As expressed by Ramchal, it is a significant amount of work. Nevertheless, we are taught that one who comes to be purified is assisted by Heaven. As we ponder the Parsha read during Mincha of Yom Kippur, let us offer a silent commitment to consider ways of avoiding forbidden sights and sounds and merit true happiness, good health and success for many years!

regarding a Torah scholar. Not only is criticising a deceased Rabbi forbidden, cynically rejecting his works is also forbidden. Unless needed for a constructive purpose it is forbidden to relate Loshon Hora to one’s wife or other family members (unlike what many may assume), unless it is to warn them not to associate with someone who poses a spiritual or physical threat to them. If it is based on second-hand information, he should state the warning with the disclaimer that it is only what he has heard about the subject, but nevertheless

wishes to caution. If one feels that their sibling should mend their ways, they should first approach them before reporting their misconduct to their parents. Finally, Loshon Hora is not only forbidden to relate to a Jew, it is likewise prohibited to relate it to a non-Jew and is in fact a greater offence to do so, as it causes a Chilul Hashem. The prohibition of mesira likewise must be handled with great care, and any doubts must be posed to a competent Rabbi.

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Parshas Vayelech contains the six hundred and thirteenth mitzvah of the Torah – the commandment to write a Sefer Torah [Devorim 31:19]. The Pnei Yehoshua cites in his commentary on Tractate Kiddushin that the fact that the number of letters in a Torah scroll is 600,000 alludes to the name Yisrael (‘‫)י‘ש‘ ר‘ א‘ ל‬, which itself is an acronym for the expression: ‫יש ששים ריבוא‬ ‫( אותיות לתורה‬There are 60 myriad letters in the Torah.) It is thus not coincidental that the number of Jewish souls counted in the census of the Exodus was this same number of 600,000. That number corresponds with the 600,000 letters in a Torah scroll1.

Our Connection to the Sefer Torah

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His disciples saw what he was going through and they asked him, “Rebbi, what do you see?” He responded

The Gemara in fact concludes that the Romans found Rav Chananya ben Tradyon publicly teaching Torah. They took him out, wrapped the Sefer Torah around his body and burned him at the stake. They placed moist clumps of cotton on his heart to increase the pain and slow down the process of his death.

Rabbi Chananya ben Tradyon went to visit Rabbi Yosi ben Kisma when the latter took sick. Rabbi Yosi ben Kisma said, “Chananya my brother, don’t you know that this nation (the Roman Empire) has been empowered from Heaven for they have been allowed to destroy His House, burn His Sanctuary, kill his pious ones, and cause to perish his precious ones. Her might persists and I have heard about you that you sit and occupy yourself with Torah and gather congregations publicly to study with you. You openly display the Torah lying in your bosom. Rabbi Chananya responded, “May they have Mercy from Heaven.” Rabbi Yosi answered back to him, “I have given you a logical argument (why you should stop your public teaching) and you answer back ‘They should have Mercy from Heaven.’ I will be surprised if they don’t burn you and your Sefer Torah at the stake...”

Using this idea, Rav Osher Weiss shlit’’a explains a very famous Gemara [Avodah Zarah 18a] that we recount on Yom Kippur:

my child, it is my grandchild. Of course I am jubilant.”

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Rav Chanina ben Tradyon told them “The parchment is burning” – they can extinguish the bodies of Klal Yisrael, but “the letters are flying away” – the letters of the Torah which are linked to the souls of the Jewish people – these will remain forever. The letters flying away are a metaphor for the souls of the Jewish people which correspond, through a mystical link to the souls of every member of the Jewish people. The Romans can destroy the synagogues and the study halls and even the Beis HaMikdash. They can destroy the “body”, but not the “soul”. The souls of the Jewish people, like the letters of the Sefer Torah will endure forever. “...It will not be forgotten from the mouths of his descendants...” [Devorim 31:21].

When the students asked their teacher “What do you see?” they were asking “What is going to be the future of Klal Yisrael? The Romans are in charge. They are killing everybody. What is going to be? They have destroyed the Bais HaMikdash they are destroying everything connected with Torah. What is the future going to bring? How is Klal Yisrael ever going to survive this?”

The response of Rav Chananya ben Tradyon regarding the letters flying off the parchment appears to be allegorical. What is the deeper meaning of this conversation?

famously, “I see the parchment being consumed but the letters are flying off and they remain.”

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‫לקיים מצות עשה של‬..." "‫ואהבת לרעך כמוך‬

“I accept upon myself the positive commandment of loving my fellow as myself”

Feel free to cut this out and stick it in the front of your siddur

Based on a story by Rabbi Nisson Wolpin

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This story can serve as a parable for our relationship to the Torah. We must go up to the Torah, not bring the Torah down to our level. Wherever the attempt has been made to make Judaism “easier,” the outcome is that people have come to despise it and reject it altogether.

Rav Yaakov Kamenetsky zt’’l was once visiting a kindergarten of a Talmud Torah. Noticing that all the mezuzos on the doors were placed on the lower third of the doorposts, he remarked, “It’s a lovely idea to put the mezuzah in a place where the children can easily reach up and touch them, but please put them where they belong, on the upper third of the doorpost, and let them use a stool to reach the mezuzah. Otherwise they will grow up thinking that you can put the mezuzah anywhere you wish. One does not raise children with untruths.”

We may be no more than spiritual children, but we will never grow into adults unless we look up to that mezuzah. And then, maybe one day we will be able to reach it by ourselves, unaided by a stool. But if we learn that we have to make no effort to raise ourselves up to the Torah, we will make the mistake of thinking that we are already shoulder-high to the Torah, that we need to make no efforts to change and improve ourselves. We will thus both debase the Torah and give ourselves no motivation to grow. We will merely sit back like self-congratulatory pygmies convinced that we are already spiritual giants. M

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very seven years the king reads the Torah in the presence of the entire nation. This is the mitzvah of Hakhel. Even though the young children did not understand what was being read to them, their parents received reward for bringing them.

This reveals to us a major principle in chinuch banim. Even though they may make a noise and be distracting to their elders, the experience for them is irreplaceable, for they feel, through osmosis, the importance to the Torah. Even though they cannot understand a word they have imbibed a vital lesson: The Torah is the life-blood of the Jewish People.

E

g n i t t e G e h t to r e p Up d r i Th

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Oneg Shabbos Issue 221

“Gather together the nation, the men and the women and the children...in order that they will hear and they should learn...” (31:12)

2

‫פרשת וילך שבת שובה‬

1 In truth there are only 304,805 letters in the Torah. Many explanations are given for this huge discrepancy. For example, the fact that some letters are made up of two or more letters, such a ches which is made up of two zayins.

Rav Osher Weiss suggests that this is because of the above referenced mystical connection between a Jew’s soul and the Sefer Torah, which has a letter within it which is linked to that soul. There is therefore a connection between every Jew and every Sefer Torah. It consequently becomes a personal simcha. No one ever wonders why a Jew is joyous at his own child’s wedding or his own son’s Bar Mitzvah. “It is because it is me, it is

And yet somehow, the joy of a Hachnosas Sefer Torah ceremony is something that touches every Jew and brings out a simcha that far exceeds what one experiences on most other occasions. How does one explain this?

Whenever I go to a Hachnasas Sefer Torah, I am always amazed at how much people get into the ceremony and how they manifest such sincere jubilation on that occasion. Today, Boruch Hashem, one can open up any Aron HaKodesh in virtually any shul and find a surplus of Sifrei Torah. Basically, we are talking about just adding one more Torah to an Aron HaKodesh that already has more Sifrei Torah than the kehilla actually needs.

Rav Osher Weiss, in his Sefer on Chumash, makes a comment that I have thought about in the past, but I never knew how to fully explain it.

The Pnei Yehoshua explains, based on the Zohar, the Shnei Luchos HaBris and many other Kabbalistic sources that every Jew has within his soul one particular mitzvah attached to one particular letter in the Torah.

7.38

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Wishing all of Klal Yisroel a Gemar Chasima Issue

‫ו' תשרי תש"פ‬

221

5 October 2019

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3 OCTOBER 2019 JUDAISM  49


‫ו' תשרי תש"פ‬

‫פרשת וילך שבת שובה‬

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we know we will inevitably Rabbi Zvi Teichman continue to do Congregation Ohel Moshe Baltimore, MD compound our frustration with ourselves. Is it really within our “choice” to change abruptly from all that we have done wrong? Some things are simply beyond our unique level of free will. To be able to learn eighteen hours a day is not attainable for most of us. Even those areas that are in our reach but have become distant from us because of our poor choices also need time and can’t merely be undone in an instant. Haven’t we proven ourselves lacking in the commitment to no longer sin by the very fact that from year to year we seem to be in the same place? Perhaps our error lies in our perspective. When we view our lives on Yom Kippur as a checklist of failures and seek to undo them entirely we are doomed. We don’t possess yet the sufficient understanding of sin to give us a true sense of regret. That takes a lifetime of avodas Hashem. ‫חרטה‬, can more aptly be translated as sensing a deep sense of loss, a feeling of emptiness that is “etched” into our consciousness. Only when one fathoms the relationship properly can one first fully appreciate the sense of failure. But we are capable of emoting a deep yearning to get closer, and a healthy “regret” that we are not there yet. This passionate expression of a desire for closeness is more easily “etched” into our being and provides a much healthier power of “regret”. The critical difference between the two is that this second one leaves us hopeful. It stems not from failure but rather from aspiration. We can imprint onto our soul a hopeful pining to get closer and to understand that connection to Hashem that we are missing. Instead of desperately trying to focus on undoing our “misdeeds” entirely, we can try to undertake a plan to get ever closer. By taking upon ourselves to improve an area that is within our reach and doable, we begin to convey our striving for closeness with tangible evidence of our goal. This will encourage us rather than defeat us. There is one caveat however with this approach. In the past when we undertook a sweeping repentance it was unrealistic and thus not fully accountable. When we promise to make small pragmatic change however, we will be held fully responsible to maintain it. It is within our reach! On a wedding day life is filled with so much promise. In the long road ahead there is commitment to grow closer together. The pitfalls in marriage are merely opportunities to correct them, not out of guilt and failure, but in search of deep love. Yom Kippur is our chance to move closer, to find areas of our relationship where we can take “steps” forward in advancing the bond positively. It is a joyous challenge! May we sense an excitement of opportunity on this opportune day and may Hashem embrace us lovingly with His blessings! M

3

The Sefer Yereim specifies another dimension to verbal confession -supplication for atonement. There must be a clear recognition of the seriousness of the damage caused by the sin, both in terms of the damage to one’s soul and one’s relationship to Hashem, and in

In addition to regret over the past, teshuvah also requires a commitment not to repeat the sin again. That commitment must be so decisive, resolute, and firm that Hashem Himself can testify that at the moment of confession, the sinner does not contemplate ever committing that sin again. Just as a vow to do or not to do something in the future requires verbal expression, so, too, does the commitment not to repeat past sins.

Secondly, verbal expression intensifies the process and leaves a more lasting effect.

To better understand this Rambam, we must first understand the function of verbal confession in the teshuvah process. Sefer Hachinuch (Mitzvah 363) offers two explanations of the benefit of verbal confession. First, verbalising one’s repentance creates the feeling of conversing with a second party, which, in turn, sensitises a person to the reality of Hashem’s presence, Hashem’s awareness of his every deed, and the need to render an account before Hashem. The greater a person’s awareness that his sin was one in Hashem’s presence, with His full knowledge, the greater His shame and regret.

Rambam says that this admission of guilt and regret is still not a full confession, and therefore Hashem continues to hide His face. But the hiding is different: no longer is it a hiding of Hashem’s mercy, allowing evil to befall them, but rather a hiding of the ultimate redemption. That change in Hashem’s relationship contains a hint to their ultimate redemption when their repentance is complete.

Beset by many evils and troubles, the will say, “It is because Hashem is no longer with me that these evil things have befallen me.” On that day I will utterly hide My face because of all the evil that they have done... (Devarim 31:17-18).

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It is this last aspect of full vidui which is lacking in the confession, “Because G-d is not with me, all these misfortunes have befallen me.” Although this statement expresses regret, recognition of the devastation resulting from sin, and even hints to a commitment to avoid this state in the future, it is still lacking. There is no recognition that it is not G-d Who has deserted us, but we who have become detached from ourselves and therefore from Hashem.

By articulating his sin in vidui, the Jew makes it something external to himself. Then he is able to detach those layers of sin that have accreted on his neshamah. Vidui itself becomes an act of purification. Thus, Targum Yonasan translates the word “purify” in the verse “Before Hashem should you purify yourself” (Vayikra 16:30), as “confess.” The confession is itself the act of purification.

Teshuvah, then, is the return of the Jew to his essence and the breakdown of the barriers that separate him from Hashem. Hashem does not leave the Jew when he sins; rather the Jew loses contact with Hashem, Who still resides within the essence of his soul. As Chazal say on the verse, “I am asleep, but my heart is awake” (Shir HaShirim 5:2), my heart refers to Hashem. Though the Jew sleeps and loses consciousness of Hashem, Hashem still occupies his heart.

There is yet another aspect of confession that relates to the nature of sin itself. Sin, says the Maharal, is one neshamah of the Jew. It cannot blemish the neshamah itself. Rather it superimposes layers of impurity that separate one from his essence. Since the Jew’s connection to Hashem is through that untainted essence, when he becomes distant from his essence, he also becomes estranged from Hashem.

terms of the effect on the world by closing the conduits of blessing. For this, one must entreat Hashem to forgive, heal and repair the damage. Just as prayer and supplication must be verbalised to establish a feeling of communication, so, too must one’s entreaty for atonement.

Confession and Redemption

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Oneg Shabbos Issue 221

Yom Kippur

4

‫פרשת וילך שבת שובה‬

As long as we fail to comprehend this aspect of redemption, Hashem continues to hide the face of redemption from us. When we appreciate all the aspects of vidui, including that recognition that Hashem remains where He always was, waiting for us to strip away the barriers, we can look forward to both personal and national redemption. M

When a Jew feels Hashem has abandoned him, says Sforno, he gives up hope, since he thinks that it is G-d Who must first return. But in truth it is man who has strayed from his essence, and he can find G-d where he originally left Him. Teshuvah is thus literally redemption: “Return to Me for I have redeemed you” (Yeshayahu 44:22). One redeems his untainted essence from the layers of sin and impurity that encrust it.

Rav of Moshav Matityahu

Rabbi Zev Leff

Oneg Shabbos Issue 221

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1 Taanis 26b 2 Taanis 30b 3 Shir Hashirim 3:11

We dread facing our personal deficiencies. We are frustrated with our paltry and insincere regrets. We are once again disappointed in ourselves. All this leads us to hopelessness in our ability to ever repair our relationship between ourselves, our fellow man and Hashem. On Yom Kippur we make a last ditch effort at contrition and to undertake meaningful change. Yet, the moment Yom Kippur is over we are right back to our old habits initiating this vicious endless cycle of “fear to despair” once again. The Mishna1 tells us that no other Yom Tov paralleled Yom Kippur (and Tu B’Av). The Gemara2 explains the specialness of Yom Kippur was due to it being a day of forgiveness. On Yom Kippur the Second Luchos were given indicating atonement for the terrible sin of the golden calf. Shlomo HaMelech refers to Yom Kippur as "‫ "יום חתונתו‬-"the day of his wedding"3, a day of joy. Where has the joy gone? There are three components to doing ‫תשובה‬, repentance: ‫חרטה‬, regret, ‫עזיבת החטא‬, abandoning the sin, and ‫קבלה על‬ ‫העתיד‬, accepting to change in the future. Can we sincerely state we have regretted our sins when we consistently return to them time and again? Regretting what

‫ו' תשרי תש"פ‬

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5 October 2019

JUDAISM 

Dread, frustration, disappointment and despondency are just some of the emotions that begin to erupt as we face the reality and implications of Yom Kippur.

5 October 2019

Reprinted with permission from Oneg Shabbos

50 3 OCTOBER 2019


A two part story

Eye

of an

Blink

In the

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Rabbi Nachman Selzer

For some reason I felt like there was something going on over here, something hiding behind his trembling voice and tear filled eyes and I decided to find out what it was. I watched him as he chanted the familiar words; each word rolling off his tongue with a burning fluency, a longing, a sincerity, there was definitely something going on. So after the kadish was over and the people were all filing out of the shul, I approached him and sat down beside him, watching as he said a few more kapitlach tehillim before going home. He looked up at me, the vestiges of his moving testimony still staining his cheeks and gave me an inquiring stare.

“You know,” he said, “you really are very chutzpadik and I should tell you to get lost...... really I should give you a patch,” he said almost to himself, but then he smiled

“Well,” I continued, “I was watching you just now when you said the kadish and I was really wondering who you were saying such a kadish for! I mean I’ve never seen somebody say kadish with such fervor before! I know I’m very chutzpadik and I’ll understand completely if you don’t want to tell me, but maybe you’ll let me in on the background of your kadish.”

“Can I ask you something,” I began. He hesitated for a minute before replying, “Yes what do you want to know?”

It entered our lives like a whirlwind of destruction, like a dervish of turmoil, thrusting millions of lives into a catastrophic tunnel from which few emerged alive. Not only that, many of those who did escape were never the same again. Our group managed to stay together, don’t ask me how! We were together while our village was turned into a ghetto and we were transferred in one group to a camp, the second of many stops on the hellish journey we were unknowingly embarking on.

“Yes, our lives were so good,” he spoke gently with a vague accent tasting of Warsaw, “but soon came word about the war and nothing mattered anymore.....but survival.

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“My friends,” the man went on, “would scream at me, their sorrow making them utter words that they would have never dreamed of saying, if not for their despair.

While there, I had the privilege of saving the life of a fellow Jew.” He related to me, how one of the skeletons living in their barracks had contracted typhoid, making it a very small matter of time before he was discovered and sent to the “infirmary.” Nobody lasted there for long. So this young boy, took it upon himself to feed this man his daily rations, thereby ensuring his very survival. He then traded his own rations, his only sustenance, for cigarettes which he used to buy medicine to combat the horrible disease. And he personally made sure that he took his medicine and watched the man climb back from his meeting with the Angel of Death. And through it all, he never missed a day with his Tefillin!

7

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But then there was Shea. And he was a real problem… M

They would berate me for still believing in the one above and they would say that he had abandoned his nation, chas v’sholom! They would ask me why I was still risking my life to put on my Tefillin day after day and how our lives were lost anyway, so what was the point! And all I could say was, “yeshuas Hashem k’heref ayin, Hashem’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.

Roll call at Buchenwald concentration camp, ca.1938-1941. Two prisoners in the foreground are supporting a comrade. Everett Historical / Shutterstock.com

‫פרשת וילך שבת שובה‬

I stared at him, this old, old man. It was hard to imagine that someone so wrinkled and aged was ever really young, but the more I listened to what he had to say, the more the years fell away and I could see the vibrant, charismatic youngster that he had once been.

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When I was twelve years old,” he went on, “my Zeide olov hasholom, bought me my first pair of tefillin. They were the most beautiful objects I had ever laid eyes

“I was brought up in a little Polish town,” he began, while stroking his tangled beard. “I was part of a little clique of boys my age. We had so much fun together.......” his voice kind of trailed off as he relived his beautiful memories. “We did everything together,” he went on, “we attended cheder together, played in the park and were just a great group of kids.

The old man closed his eyes for about three minutes while I waited anxiously and when he reopened them, I knew that he had been to the past and back. And this is the story he told me.

I don’t know what it is about me, but I’ve found that people respond to me in ways that they never do with other people and I in turn appreciate their confidences and collect their memories and secrets, keeping them locked up in a secure place in my heart, only unveiling their stories if they want to share them with others as well.

‫ו' תשרי תש"פ‬

Oneg Shabbos Issue 221

on and I promised him that I would put them on every single day of my life. I took this promise very seriously,” the old man went on, “and I made sure that I donned my tefillin first thing every morning. I loved davening in those tefillin! It was the greatest experience in the world entering the shteibel on those cold winter mornings, chopping a steaming glass of hot water from the samovar and then wrapping my precious tefillin around my arm and head. I felt a connection with my grandfather, with my ancestors and most of all, with Hashem!”

5 October 2019

‫פרשת וילך שבת שובה‬

Oneg Shabbos Issue 221

‫ו' תשרי תש"פ‬

and his eyes were sad and vulnerable, yet warm and full of clarity all at the same time. I sat down beside him on the old wooden bench and waited patiently for him to marshal his thoughts.

5 October 2019

imchas Torah is a very happy day, or at least it’s supposed to be. That’s what made the whole episode so much more interesting. It was at the end of the davening on that particular Simchas Torah afternoon and I was just about ready to leave my spot and head towards the large double doors at the back of the shul when it was time for the final kadish of the day. The reciter of the kadish, was an old man, and he was doing the recitation in an extremely emotional tone of voice.

S

6

Reprinted with permission from Oneg Shabbos


‫ו' תשרי תש"פ‬

THE

through

In his youth he went into self-imposed exile, and in his wanderings reached as far

Customs

The Vilna Gaon vehemently opposed Chassidus and refused to meet the Baal HaTanya – the first Lubavitcher Rebbe – who came to see him.

The Misnagdim

He was a prolific writer. There are many seforim which he wrote collecting his glosses – short notes - on much of Tanach, Mishna, Midrashim, Shulchan Aruch as well as on grammer , algebra and the Jewish calendar and kabbalistic works on Sefer HaYetzirah and the Zohar. There have been several commentaries to explain his notes on Shulchan Aruch and many seforim written by his talmidim.

Writings

He had eight children from his first wife, Channa, 3 sons and 5 daughters. One of the daughters died in childhood. There are many thousands of descendants. After Channa passed away he married Gittel. He had no children from Gittel.

He was an incredible masmid, apparently sleeping only two hours a day in four half hour blocks.

By the age of six he gave drasha in the Vilna shul in drush and pilpul.

Rav Eliyahu ben Shlomo Zalman, also known as the Vilna Gaon, or the ‫גר“א‬ was undoubtedly one of the outstanding talmidei chachamim of the last five hundred years. He was born in a Rabbinic family – one grandfather was the Rov of Vilna, the other the author of the ‫באר‬ ‫הגולה‬.

He saw great importance in the sciences and studied maths, engineering, biology, astronomy and music. He said: ‫כפי שיחסר‬

External Studies

in Jerusalem swung the population from mostly Sefardi to Ashkenazi. They established the neighbourhood of Meah Shearim, and ensured the prominence of minhag haGra in Jerusalem – including not wearing tefillin on Chol HaMoed, and not davening mincha after sunset.

He planned to go to Eretz Yisrael. He reached as far as Germany and the letter he sent from there to his family is worth reading. He then returned home, saying Hashem did not want him to go. He did encourage his talmidim to go and this grew in momentum, with hundreds making Aliya between 1808-1812. These groups were known as Perushim. Some say this was an attempt to prepare for the possible coming of Moshiach in 1840. Their arrival

Aliya

as Berlin. He was humble and refused to accept any position in Vilna. He lived very simply and learnt Torah continually.

Vilnius, Lithuania 1720 - 1797 ‫י“ט בתשרי‬

‫ו' תשרי תש"פ‬ 11

A Polish nobleman, Count Valentine Potocki converted to Judaism and was called Avraham ben Avraham. He was burnt at the stake for converting to Judaism. He was close to the Vilna Gaon and some of his ashes are buried alongside the Gaon. M

Avraham ben Avraham

He did not have a Yeshiva but there was a Beis Hamedrash near his home and he gave some shiurim there and answered questions. Rav Chaim of Volozhin was probably his principle talmid. He went on to establish what was the first Yeshiva in recent centuries - in Volozhin.

Talmidim

On the other hand, he strongly opposed the study of philosophy and criticised the Rambam for being influenced by it.

“If a person is lacking knowledge in other wisdoms, he’ll be lacking a hundred fold in the wisdom of the Torah.”

Oneg Shabbos Issue 221

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‫פרשת וילך שבת שובה‬

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Dr Benji Schreiber

5 October 2019

Ages

‫פרשת וילך שבת שובה‬

The Vilna Gaon

Sages

5 October 2019

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Vayeilech Vayeilech Our kind leader Moshe, who has put up with us and constantly asked Hashem to forgive us, is nearing the end of his final speech to us. We are given the special Mitzva of writing a sefer Torah, perhaps you know someone who donated one to a shul, or perhaps you know someone who paid towards one. Remember how excited you were when it was carried through the streets with music and candles? It’s actually really good to accompany the Torah with music as in the Parsha, the Torah is

compared to a song. It is a song that has been sung for three thousand years now and we are so lucky to be the star performers of it. Then we are taught a Mitzva that is done only once in seven years. The king would come to the Beis Hamikdash and read the Torah to Jews of all ages - yes even your little brother or sister would come! Let’s hope we get the Beis Hamikdash back soon so we can see all the good things that went on there and enjoy being in Hashem’s house!

Step-By-Step Drawing of the Beit Hamikdash

Hippo craft materials: Instructions 1. Paper

Yom Kippur Yom Kippur – wow we have heard so much about this – the holiest day of the year! Did someone wave some money around your head before shul? Perhaps a parent or Rabbi gave you a blessing? It is such a special moment and a time for giving charity, prayer and asking people to forgive us. When the Beit Hamikdash stood, the courtyard would be crowded, full of Jews who would wait to catch a peek at the Kohen Godol’s shining face as he left the Kodesh Hakodoshim, having begged Hashem to forgive the Jewish people and give everyone a wonderful year. Today, we can only wish and pray that we will be able to be part of that in our lifetime, but

until then we have so many chances to be part of so many wonderful groups of Jews who put a smile on the face of others and cheer lonely or sad people up. We ask Hashem to erase all our Aveiros, (yes, like an eraser completely gets rid of pencil marks you don’t want) and we come away from Yom Kippur feeling fresh and starting a new slate. We will find ourselves in shul at some point of the day – maybe next to an adult and we watch how they, the Rabbi and Chazzan treat the day with such respect and we consider how special it is to be able to feel close to Hashem and ask him to give us all a happy and sweet new year.

2. Pencil 3. P aints or colured pencils

1. U  sing the template below to draw the Beit Hamikdash 2. W  hen your drawing is finished, havw fun colouring it in.

Step-By-Step Drawing of the Bais Hamikdosh 1

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CANAAN • HAKHEL • HONEY • JORDAN • LEADER • MILK • MOSHE • YEHOSHUA

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CUT OUT & KEEP

TO CREATE YOUR VERY OWN JEWISH WEEKLY RECIPE BOOK

Cinnamon-spiced almond stars Ingredients: Method: • 4 egg whites • a few drops lemon juice • 300g icing sugar • 2 teaspoons ground cinnamon • 350g ground almonds or other nuts • edible rice paper • ground nuts for dusting

1. B  eat egg whites until very stiff. Add a few drops of lemon juice. Sift icing sugar and fold in one spoonful at a time. Remove 3-4 tablespoons of the mixture for the glaze and chill. 2. A dd the cinnamon and ground almonds to the remaining mixture. 3. Preheat oven to 170 C / Gas 3. 4. D  ust a work surface with ground almonds. Roll dough out to a thickness of 0.75-1cm. Cut out star shapes, place onto rice paper and then transfer to a baking tray. Brush evenly with glaze. 5. Bake in preheated oven for about 12-15 minutes. Edible rice paper Can be purchased in speciality kitchen/baking shops or online.

Tangram Challenge! Using all the shapes on the left can you make the fish shape on the right?

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Vayeilech In a nutshell Vayeilech In this week’s penultimate Parsha, Moshe explains to the Jews that he is nearing his end, and that his faithful student Yehoshua, will be replacing him. “Have no fear”, he tells Yehoshua and the his beloved nation, Hashem will help you to succeed so long as you remain committed to Him. Many boys you know go to Yeshiva upon graduating High School, where they spend much of the day engaged in studying the Talmud or Gemara as it’s more commonly known. For this reason the Yeshivot are called Talmudical Colleges and one

boy was trying to explain this to a doctor who responded by asking what instrument he plays? The doctor thought he’d heard, ”Musical College”. He wasn’t entirely mistaken. Moshe tells his beloved nation this week that they should write down “this song” which is explained to mean the Torah. He writes the Torah - miraculously in one day, and gives it to the Leviim. The other Jews protest, but this time for something positive saying, we also want the Torah and so by extension of this great miracle, Moshe writes twelve more copies of the

Torah on this last day of his life. One of these is to be placed in the Aron in the Holy of Holies. Finally, we are taught the Mitzva of Hakhel, once in seven years all Jews, men, women and children are to attend the Beit Hamikdash to hear the Torah being read. We understand why the men and women come but why the kids? Just to give reward to those that bring them. G-d never misses an opportunity to reward us. And, hey, did I just hear your little brother /sister asking to come with you to shul?

humble. It’s also great to say aloud, ”I forgive my friends who have may have hurt my feelings over the year” (so long as it’s not something Trump would call, ‘Fake Forgiveness!’) You may attend shul at night where you’ll hear Kol Nidrei. It’s so moving to connect with a Jewish experience that has been so deeply entrenched in our minds for hundreds of years. Three Torahs are removed from the Aron and the bimah is circled. Then we have Maariv and we say Vidui many times throughout the service at night and during the

day. Much of the focus of the service during the day concerns the Kohen Gadol’s duties and the accompanying drama. We commemorate that by prostrating ourselves five times during the Mussaf service. As the day wears on and we become tired and hungry, let’s remember that this itself is valuable is Hashem’s eyes and that soon enough when night falls the gates close so we need to grab every moment to consider how to “Make our Lives Great Again”!

Yom Kippur It’s all white in shul, a symbol that we will be engaging in a cleansing experience. We have finally reached the day when we can really be forgiven for any misdeeds of the last year. But, wait! Remember that friend (or parent/teacher G-d forbid) whom you may have insulted in December last year? Or the classmate whose pen you “borrowed” in March and they haven’t a clue where it’s gone since? Make sure you approach them and say “Sorry. I will try not to repeat that misdeed.” People are surprisingly easy-going when you show them you’re

Word Wheel The goal of a word wheel puzzle is to create as many words possible with the letters in the word wheel. Each word must contain at least three letters. You can only use each letter once and every word must have the letter in the centre of the wheel.

Use this area to write the words you have found.

f

o

t

u

e

t a

n r

Last week’s words: Here are some words you may have found from last week - you may have found more! amp ape cap cop imp lap lip

lop map mop nap nip pal pen

pic pie pin camp cape capo clap

clip clop comp cope epic lamp leap

limp mope nape neap nope opal open

pace pail pain pale palm pane peal

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pile pine plan plea poem pole ample

clamp clomp maple panel panic pecan penal

piano place plain plane compel encamp impale

pencil plaice police compile pelican complain policeman


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Q: Where should a 500 pound man go? A: On a diet

Q: What did one toilet say to the other? A: You look a bit flushed. Q: What part of the car is the laziest? A: The wheels, because they are always tired! 

(Answers at the bottom of page upside down)

1. How many peas are there in a pint?

3. David’s father had three sons: Snap, Crackle, and ?

Q: What did the stamp say to the envelope? A: Stick with me and we will go places! 

2. Where does success come before work?

3) David 1. There is one ‘P’ in a ‘pint’

2) In the dictionary!

1. Jumping to conclusions 4. A lot to answer for 2. Close nitommunity 5. Free for all 3. The good, the bad & the ugly 6. Bridge over troubled water

Dingbats Answers THEJEWISHWEEKLY.COM


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Goals galore for Paris and Faithfold as Sixteen-goal Lions Camden shoot out win

rout Scrabble in Cup BY DAVID SAFFER

There were goals galore in the opening round Cyril Anekstein Cup as Paris Saint-Jermaine routed West Hamdillah 12-0 and Faithfold White crushed North West London Bears BY DAVID SAFFER 10-0. ZacMogilner Summerfield struck four goals for free Reiss scored six goals as Maccabi scoring Paris while Jack Ottman and David London Lions thumped Scrabble A in the May notched a brace apiece. second round of the Cyril Anekstein Cup. Louis Relevy,League Archieside Leigh, Henry Th e Premier racked up aLewis 16-0 and Joel Citron also scored for the league win with Daniel Green and Michael Kenley new boys. both bagging a hat-trick. Ed Brafman, DaMarkiewicz hit completfive goals vidSharpshooter Dinkin, andAvi Adam Hassanali for Premier side Faithfold in a one-sided ed the rout in a mismatch of a tie. clash. Lions could have scored in the opening Super of sub Cohen a hat-trick, minute theJoe clash but struck soon opened the David Leiwy and Jamie Davila also scoring and led 9-0 by half time. scored. Faithfold dominated possession earlyouton Th e Division One team, though and afterbattled striking thetocrossbar classed, away the end.Markiewicz jinked waywas pastlost Bears goalkeeper slot Lionshis boss for words at fulltotime into an empty net. such was the display from his team who Moments later, to Yoav Kestenbaum sent gave every respect the opposition. through Markiewicz for his second then “I’m not really sure there’s anything to combined with this striker who nodded say, we are happy to make it through to the homeround his hat-trick goal. next of the cup, ” he commented. Markiewicz made it 4-0ran from Hendon United Sports outthe 3-1penalty victors spot after Leiwy was clipped for a spot against League One outfit Northclear London kick. Raiders. Cohen replaced time Th e Premier sideKestenbaum led early in at thehalf second and it was from his corner that Leiwy got his half only for Raiders to equalise but struck goal.late goals to book a place in round two Akiva Solomon then beat several Bears three of the competition. players before unselfishly Hendon now turn their squaring attentionsthe to ball the for Markiewicz to sweep in his fifth goal league as they travel to Oakwood A for of a the match. crucial top of the table clash on Sunday Cohen made it 7-0 with the best goal of the (10am). clash following a slick move. Daniel Kristall’s team stunned the league Markiewicz set up Cohen to tuck leaders last month when they woninto 2-0,thea empty net then found Davila who scored victory would move them to within a point from outside theabox. of Hendon with match in hand. Cohen grabbed thirdround with the last kick Elsewhere in thehislatest of fi xtures, of the game after a superb cross by Davila. 10-man North London Galaxy made it a “The Bears team, it’s never three-way titleare raceainyoung the only Division One easy to go away to an experienced team clash of the day after defeating Oakwood B. but theyMurray shouldsaw stick with it,”oncommented Jamie red early but Galaxy Faithfold co-manager rallied with goals fromRob JoshShooman. Cohen and“I’m Japleased with my lads because it’s very easy cob Leigh to record an important 2-1 away to get complacent in the middle of the match win. but we continued to push on throughout. Galaxy head Redbridge Jewish Care A in “The goal scorers may get the plaudits but the table by just one point after 10 matches, this was a team win. Overall, it was a good third place Fairlop FC are five points bedays work for the green white’s.” hind with two games in‘n’ hand. Bears joint-player-manager James Harpin Rafi Bloom scored for Oakwood. was philosophical at full time. “It was a fantastic performance in a

All eyes on the ball from a Camden corner kick

PHOTO: DAVID SAFFER

16-goal Maccabi London Lions

must-win game,” commented Galaxy player-manager Luke Lewis. “We sat back and allowed Oakwood the ball, given the one-man advantage and looked to hit them on the counter attack with pace. “Both goals came down the right-hand side. Leigh crossed the first one into Cohen to finish, before slotting home himself. Up to first clear we go. ” FC Team a Camden set piece The Division Two title race also took a twist with league leaders Herstwood “Sometimes youtohave todefeat hold your hands Vale going down a 2-1 at Temple up and say your opponents were better and Fortune. today was one of those days,a” he said.more “We Faithfold B have played game will not play this quality of opponent every than Vale but moved level with a 5-3 win at week so need toRaiders keep our heads high. We are North London Masters. still unbeaten in the league. Jacob Kalms struck twice”for Fortune who In other ties, Joe Levy scored winning scored through leading scorer the James Milpenaltyhis as 17th Camden won a penalty letwith goal ofPark the season. shoot-out against FC the Team by 4-2 to avoid The result was all more remarkable an shock. as Temple were down to 11 players with Stand-in Ashley Couque was ‘keeper Bengoalkeeper Rebuck dislocating a shoulder the shoot-out hero with two saves following in the warm up. a hard after win extra time. “Thisfought was 1-1 a draw fantastic given the

to play in goal. “Overall, I am happy we managed to get through. With players missing, under the circumstances of the game this was a very good result and we can build on it.” FC Team’s Jonny Pearl felt his team missed a big opportunity to knock out a Premier team. “We dominated the first half but lost our momentum and let Camden get back in the game,” he said. “Credit to both sets of players who put in dogged displays and showed commitment right until the 120th minute. It’s a shame to go out but the league remains our top priority.” Cup favourites Hendon United Sports ran out comfortable 3-0 winners at Club De Chigwell. Josh Bharier, Dovi Fehler and Yehuda Korman struck the goals in a clinical display. Hendon boss Jordan Sapler picked out Korman for his all-around display, capping it off with a superb through ball for Fehler’s goal. “It was a good performance and could’ve been better if we had our shooting boots on,” he said. “Chigwell played well, we were solid and well organised in defence but our finishing in the final third wasn’tPHOTO: to our DAVIDhigh SAFFER standard and is something that we need to rectify moving forward. “Russ Corin pulled off a couple of great saves to keep his domestic clean sheet record intact.” Sapler took time to praise the efforts of the lower league outfit. “All credit to Chigwell, they will take points off teams in their league if they perform like they did today,” he noted. Dylan Kaye and James Belchack fired home the goals as North London Galaxy defeated Mill Hill”Dons 2-0 at home. one will enjoy. Galaxy dominated possession evenVale boss Jacob Emanuel wasand quick to tuallyRebuck broke down a resolutehis Dons outfit. wish well following injury. The opening goalimportantly, came from everyone a superb 15 “First and most at pass move, Kaye heading home, Vale would like to wish the FortuneGalaxy’s ‘keeper came when Jamesto Belchak fired asecond quick recovery, we hope see him back home a 30-yard wonder goal from a free on the football pitch as soon as possible,kick. ” he “Another game against Dons and another said. win, saidthe Galaxy boss Luke Lewis. “I think As” for defeat, Emanuel commented, we have a psychological advantage “It doesn’t matter how big a squad over you them and through. have, youour canquality nevershone account for unavail“Theyorhad 11 men ball in the ability injury. Onlybehind five ofthe today’s team first half and their game plan worked but our played in our recent win over FC Team, a possession football eventually sawindividual the game lack of togetherness and poor

“It was a proper old school performance, we battled and defended for the 90 minutes and took our chances. Experience proved to be the winner.” PHOTO: DAVID SAFFER

circumstances,” said delighted Fortune Connor gave the underdogs a deboss SimonPerl Linden. served half atime lead ofbefore Dan “We had number players out,Orgel Reequalised to take the tie to penalties. buck got injured, so I couldn’t have asked Although Stirling Kay’s team advance, any more from the players. We wish Ben a Camden’s boss was relieved to come away speedy recovery. with the win. “It was a proper old school performance, could been for a banana skin tie we“This battled andhave defended the 90 minutes for us, ” he commented. Team areproved a good and took our chances.“FC Experience side and made life difficult for us particularly to be the winner. It’s a big win, one we will in the and first we halfhope but I to ambuild proud boys”as enjoy onofit my in 2019. they had to dig deep with players coming He added, “This win marks 50 years asoff a injured binned. footballand clubsin and will be one Nigel Kyte and “Plaudits must go to Ashthe who stepped up everyone associated with club from day

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All action between FC Team and Camden

open up as we upped the speed of our play. “It was also lovely getting a clean sheet, we know our offensive capabilities, but it’s time we stop conceding silly goals our performances deserve. “We are looking to go from strength to strength. A lot of boys got game-time and played well. Our confidence and belief is now sky high, we can’t wait to play. Our squad is in excellent shape.” “It was another frustrating morning but the boys can keep their heads held high,” said Brandon Hamme, Mill Hill Dons. “It was our best defensive performance of the season, we have been guilty on several occasions gift wrapping goals for the opposition but today was not the case. The way we set up meant we were under pressure throughout the game but handled it superbly. It took a lot to eventually break us down. We got beaten by a solid team who played well. “There are positives we can take from the game. Our attention turns back to the league, we will be looking to get a string of results going to work our way up the table.” Brook Farm Rovers made it through the round two draw with a fine 4-1 victory against Faithfold Green. Joseph Gourgey (2), Yossi Brownson and Ben Levene struck the goals in an impressive home win. Rovers opened the scoring when Gourgey curled home from the edge of the penalty box just before half time. The hosts doubled the lead when Brownson was played through, rounded Faithfold’s keeper before slotting into an empty net. Ben Levene then tucked away a Gourgey

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PHOTO: DAVID SAFFER

cross after a sweeping team move. Faithfold grabbed a consolation from Tony Plaskow before Gourgey capitalised on a defensive error to complete the scoring. Rovers joint-manager Dan Cohen commented, “In the end it was a comfortable victory. We move into the second round full of confidence.” Faithfold’s Ben Kfir noted: “I was disappointed with the score, which flattered Brook Farm.” Benji Gourgey and Simon Cohen struck two goals each as Temple Fortune thumped Bayern Mincha 7-0. Jacob Kalms, Sammy Kalms and Danny Sherman completed the scoring for Simon Lindon’s team. “I was pleased with the performance, we have kicked on in the last two weeks. We played really good stuff and could have scored more. We’re looking forward to the last 16 draw.” Maccabi London Blue ran out 3-0 victors against lower league Scrabble. North London Raiders made it three consecutive wins as they defeated Maccabi London FC Red 4-1 in Division One. Aron Gale, Liron Mannie, Josh Bloom and Michael Field scored for the early pacesetters. “Another impressive performance against a good side,” commented Raiders joint manager Gideon Gale. “Even with a depleted squad, we dominated the possession and chances. “It’s a fabulous start to the season but we’re still only in first gear.” SPEC FC have two wins in as many games

Camden put pressure on the FC Team defence

PHOTO: DAVID SAFFER

FC Team goalscorer looks to pounce

PHOTO: DAVID SAFFER

after James Smaje struck a hat-trick in a 5-0 win against Redbridge Jewish Care. Showing a clinical edge to record the victory, Ricky Lawrence and Josh Green completed the scoring. Redbridge were caught on the break a number of times but were unfortunate to lose by a heavy scoreline. SPEC player-manager Ricky Lawrence commented, “An excellent performance. The result was a bit harsh on Redbridge who had chances but we took ours and deserved the points.” League favourites Borussia Barnet defeated Hampstead Ducks 3-1 in the sole Division Two clash. Oliver Hart, Danny Shina and Sam Lipton struck for Barnet as two new league teams clashed. Borussia bossed the opening half, Hart nodding in a Michael Kenley flick from a

long throw in before Shina doubled the advantage before the break. Lipton made it 3-0 from a corner on the resumption before Jono Gaon fired in a 25yard strike. Hampstead had a goal controversially ruled out then Borussia keeper Joe Botchin stopped a penalty to preserve his teams two-goal advantage before his team ran out winners. “It’s clear the team are improving but we need to start turning good performances into results,” said Hampstead manager Josh Cohen. Club chairman Daniel Sonn added, “It was a strong performance, which deserved something out of a hotly-contested game against the favourites for the title. If a few decisions had gone our way and great opportunities taken, the result could have been very different.”

Manchester Jewish Soccer league update Reich Masters 2nd team the newest team to join the MJSL for the 2019-2020 season, played it's first game in the Manchester Jewish Soccer League against Maccabi Manchester Blue at the Co-op Academy with an 8pm kick off under the floodlights on the all weather pitch.

Manchester Maccabi Blue

PHOTO: LAWRENCE PURCELL

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Reich Masters 2nd team

PHOTO: LAWRENCE PURCELL


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Dan’s Premier League Column BY DAN SILVER Sir Alex Ferguson vs Arsène Wenger, Patrick Viera vs Roy Keane and Martin Keown vs Ruud van Nistelrooy. Manchester United vs Arsenal has showcased some of the biggest personal rivalries in Premier League history as well as defining where the title was heading in many seasons. However, last Monday night’s match between the two provided compelling evidence to illustrate just how far away from a Premier League title challenge both clubs now are. Manchester United and Arsenal played out a grim 1-1 stalemate at Old Trafford. In a disappointing encounter that was a pale shadow of their mighty clashes of years gone by, Scott McTominay gave Manchester United the lead at the end of an attritional firsthalf with a rising drive from the edge of the area. Arsenal equalised just before the hour courtesy of Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang’s cool finish. It was originally ruled out for offside but the video assistant referee confirmed the striker had been played onside by Harry Maguire. Goalkeeper Bernd Leno excelled for Arsenal with fine saves from Maguire and Marcus Rashford’s late free-kick, while Bukayo Saka’s goalbound shot crucially struck Victor Lindelof and flew over the top. The result takes Arsenal into the top four but Manchester United are now down in 10th after an outcome that means they have made their worst start after seven games in 30 years, failing to reach double figure points for the first time since 1989-90, a season in which they finished 13th. The current circumstances of both clubs was instantly demonstrated by the two captains who led out the sides. Manchester United’s captain was 34-yearold Ashley Young, pressed into defensive service by Aaron Wan-Bissaka’s absence through injury, and Arsenal were led by Granit Xhaka, newly appointed and a divisive figure among supporters. Young led from the front in a fashion by regularly contesting decisions, showing a remarkable knack of getting to referee Kevin Friend in an instant on numerous occasions. Xhaka’s night will be best remembered for his contribution to United’s goal - getting away with a foul in the build-up before appearing to take evasive action as McTominay’s drive made its way into the top corner. There was no shortage of effort but this was a scrappy mess of a game, lacking any cohesion or quality. Arsenal boss Unai Emery will be more satisfied than counterpart Ole Gunnar Solskjaer with a point but this showed just how far away both are from leaders Liverpool and reigning champions Manchester City - and just how much work they have to do to catch up. Maurcio Pochettino says he will shoulder the “blame” for Hugo Lloris’ howler in 10man Tottenham’s 2-1 Premier League win over Southampton. The France goalkeeper - and 2018 World

Cup winner - was inexplicably dispossessed inside his own six-yard area by Danny Ings for Saints’ equaliser following a back pass. “You don’t need to blame Hugo, blame me because I demand him to play in that way,” Pochetteino said. After a week where they had lost to Leicester before being beaten by League Two Colchester in the Carabao Cup, Spurs’ spirits were lifted as £53.8m club record signing Tanguy Ndombele scored with a powerful deflected finish. Serge Aurier, who had already been booked, was sent off in the 32nd minute for a foul on Ryan Bertrand after Spurs felt the ball had gone out of play just before. But within five minutes of Ings’ leveller, Harry Kane swept home what proved to be the winner after an assist by Christian Eriksen. “He [Lloris] is so strong mentally,” Pochettino added. “and of course showed that he wasn’t affected by this situation.” Spurs captain Lloris went someway to redeeming himself for his howler with two excellent second-half saves. Having made a slow start to the season, this was a welcome victory for Pochettino’s side, who had started the day closer to the bottom three than the top two. After dropping 10 points from their previous six matches, they will be relieved to have returned to winning ways even if it was a far from convincing performance. Lloris had been forced to save from PierreEmile Hojbjerg before France midfielder Ndombele lashed home his second goal since joining from Lyon in July. Spurs’ season has been anything but straightforward and, having developed a nasty habit of throwing away leads, they once again gifted their opponents a way back at Tottenham Hotspur Stadium. Yet Tottenham managed to get themselves back in front, Kane finishing from 12 yards after a sweeping move involving the impressive Son Heung-min and Eriksen, whose pass allowed the England striker to score his 10th goal of the season for club and country. After being humiliated in the most devastating fashion by Bayern Munich in the Champions League, losing 7-2 to the German champions, Spurs next take on Brighton & Hove Albion away, in what will be a

must win game to regain their confidence. Other results include, Manchester City having to work hard to see off a spirited Everton side 3-1 as Raheem Sterling grabbed his 100th goal in club football. Jurgen Klopp stated Liverpool “deserved” the 1-0 victory at Sheffield United despite needing a “lucky” Georginio Wijnaldum goal to continue their perfect start to the Premier League season at a raucous Bramall Lane. Finally, Chelsea “needed the 2-0 win” over Brighton, said boss Frank Lampard after his first home victory as a Premier League manager.

Now last week I wrote about how Leicester City were in unbelievable form and could end up qualifying for European football if they keep up these stellar performances, come the end of the season. Well, considering they smashed Newcastle United 5-0 at the weekend, it looks like they may well end up in the top six. Jamie Vardy scored twice as Leicester demonstrated potential to secure a top-four finish by recording their biggest Premier League win to move back up to third in the table. Leicester produced a clinical performance and scored from all five of their shots on target. Whereas for Newcastle, the performances have been utterly disgraceful and if you’re telling me Joelinton looks like a £40M football player, then you’re watching the wrong sport mate. It does not get any easier for manager Steve Bruce as after next Sunday’s home game with Manchester United, their first game after the international break is at Chelsea on 19 October. Newcastle need to produce better performances and fast; otherwise it’ll be another season of Championship football for the Magpies coming up against the likes of Luton Town.

R THE JEW s”xc ANCE FO ISH CO ORM F R M MU PE NI IAL C TY E P ! S

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YOUR HELP IS NEEDED A local man is collecting funds for a married family member abroad with three children. One had a nervous breakdown before Passover and had to go to a hospital costing a few thousand dollars per month. His family also needs money for daily life besides other debts. Email office@thejewishweekly.com for more information if you can help.

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