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EILAT IN ‘LOCKDOWN’ OVER SDE DOV AIRPORT CLOSURE BY ADAM MOSES

Eilat was in ‘lockdown’ this week in protest to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu government’s controversial decision to close down Sde Dov Airport in Tel Aviv. Border crossings in Eilat, the airport, Egged public bus company, municipality services, government offices and shopping areas and many schools went on strike until 2pm to voice objection to politicians. Eilat mayor, Meir Yitzhak Halevi, vowed to go on a hunger strike today if Netanyahu does not extend Sde Dov’s operation until July 2020 at least. Halevi called on Netanyahu to abstain from any decision regarding the airport, given upcoming elections. Utilised for internal flights, Sde Dov is scheduled to shut July 1, but its demise has angered many Israelis and travellers. And following the ‘lockdown’

situation, there was confusion yesterday as neither Ramon Airport’s official website nor flight tracker websites had details of flights to the airport. “The new Ramon Airport is going to be a great gateway to Eilat but let’s say its opening is somewhat chaotic,” said Jewish Weekly travel expert Malcolm Ginsberg, a regular visitor during its construction. “The airport is complete and has passed all the safety and technical checks but when it comes to telling the travelling public what is going with the actual flights there has been a let down in communications. “One thing for sure is services to Eilat from Luton will not start until the end of October. “Currently there are no flights from the UK to Eilat. Flights land at Ben Gurion Airport before a domestic connection to Eilat City Airport.” The furore over Sde Dov is linked to the opening of Ilan and Asaf Ramon Airport in the

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southern Negev in January 2019. The airport received Ryanair flights from Poznan, Poland, Prague and Czech Republic earlier this month, though it is believed this was a test flight. Israel Airports Authority stated

at the time more destinations would follow. Ramon Airport replaces Eilat City Airport and Ovda Airport as CONTINUED ON PAGE 4

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Nechama Rivlin undergoes lung transplant after teen tragedy BY LEAH WAXLER President Reuven Rivlin’s wife, Nechama, is recuperating following a lung transplant at Beilinson Hospital in Petah Tikva on Sunday night. The President’s Residence said her condition was stable. For the family who donated the organ, of the 19-year-old Yair Yechezkel Halbali, however, there is heartache after he drowned in a swimming tragedy in Eilat last Friday. Divers attempted CPR but the teenager was pronounced dead on Sunday. His organs have been donated to six other people. “Yair loved the sea, loved nature, loved to study, explore and broaden his horizons,” said his sister, Amit, who added that it was important to save lives. “I would like Nechama and Reuven to know that they were given a great gift, that Yair’s light and courage will propel all the transplants and strengthen them,” she said. “Mrs Rivlin is a strong woman and has high potential for survival despite her

JLM suspends antiSemitism training to Labour Party BY HOWARD LAWRENCE

Nechama Rivlin

PHOTO: WIKIMEDIA

advanced age,” said Prof Mordechai Kramer, head of Pulmonary Medicine. “Nechama has very good prospects, but the road ahead is still long,” added Prof Dan Aravot, Director of Beilinson Cardiothoracic Surgery Center.

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Anti-Semitism awareness training will not be provided by the Jewish Labour Movement to Labour Party members while the Equalities and Human Rights Commission investigates the party for institutional anti-Semitism.  Birkbeck, University of London, has been commissioned to provide a ‘short course’ on anti-Semitism training. JLM issued a statement explaining its decision just a few days after members agreed to remain affiliated to the party at emergency general meetings. JLM noted “hundreds of people” had requested training at CLPs, branches and Labour groups. Training commissioned by the Labour Party in 2016 had been provided to the Party at meetings across the country, often to hostile audiences. Its training had support and involvement from Jewish communal organisations.  Although training was available, the Labour Party National Executive Committee, National Constitutional Committee and staff had not taken it up. “Since the Party sought to redefine the IHRA definition of anti-Semitism last summer, and with no consultation having taken place on the Party’s still active anti-Semitism code of conduct, we have made it clear to the Party leadership that we cannot support attempts to commission new awareness training from their own preferred providers,” explained JLM. Last year, JLM was asked if it would provide anti-Semitism awareness training to those subject to disciplinary proceedings, but they made it clear they did not believe training was an ”appropriate sanction” in the Party’s disciplinary process.  JLM added, “In the past, the Party has said that they wish to deliver a “gold standard” of anti-Semitism training

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programme. We cannot accept the suggestion that the Party knows better than its Jewish affiliate or the Jewish community what constitutes anti-Semitism. “Particularly when in recent days press reports have demonstrated the Party has failed time and again to identify clear cases of anti-Semitism, with senior members of the Leader of the Opposition’s Office directly intervening in disciplinary cases. “Whilst the Equalities and Human Rights Commission explore our referral of the Labour Party for institutional racism, we cannot in good faith continue to provide our training whilst the Party seek to undermine our role in this way.” JLM is to write to all CLP’s and organisations where training is currently scheduled to suspend involvement. “The Party leadership have a choice,” they concluded. “They can either address the concerns of its Jewish affiliate and those of the Jewish community. Alternatively, they can continue to act in a reckless and damaging way.” Labour general secretary Jennie Formby informed JLM of a switch in training for party members to ensure they have an “understanding of anti-Semitism” last week after discussions with a “highly-respected academic institution”, which has agreed to develop a short course in anti-Semitism. “This will form part of their portfolio of courses and will be available to anyone interested in this important subject,” she added. “We welcome this educational initiative and we will be enrolling staff, NEC and NCC members on this course as soon as it becomes available. There will of course be consultation with Jewish communal organisations before this is implemented.” JLM is set to ballot members on whether to disaffiliate from the party after nearly 100 years next month.

WHAT’S INSIDE THIS WEEK 02 News 12 Letters 14 Opinion 15 Community 16 Letters 16 Supplement 23 Community 22 Judaism 28 25 Supplement

3544 Medical Business 3645 Travel Medicine 3846 Kids Kids 4048 Youth Youth 4452 Sport Sport 63 Classified


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Israeli cybercrime unit smash online marijuana network BY LEAH WAXLER Israel Police have arrested 42 people involved in an online marijuana distribution network. The Telegrass network operated through a cloud-based, encrypted, instant messaging application Telegram. Detectives from national cybercrime unit Lahav 433 arrested the head of Telgrass, three deputies and administrators. Security services in Ukraine and enforcement bodies in the United States and Germany aided Lahav. Suspects face various charges including management and financing of a criminal organisation, trading and supplying dangerous drugs, mediation of dangerous drug activities, conspiracy to commit crimes and tax offenses.  The accused will be remanded at Nazareth and Rishon Lezion Magistrates’ Court. Lawyers say their clients deny involvement.  Telegrass reportedly had over 100,000

14 MARCH 2019

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members in Israel, including dozens of cannabis suppliers. “This is an international affair dealing with the operations of a crime organisation with an infrastructure network for drugs and other crimes in Israel and around the world,” a police spokesman said. According to police, network operators trade in cocaine, ecstasy, marijuana and hashish. Payments was via untraceable cash, drugs or Bitcoin. Police also uncovered and confiscated technological devices used for crimes.  The arrests came 24 hours after Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said he is looking to legalise marijuana.  Recreational use of marijuana is illegal in Israel, though possession was recently decriminalised. Medical marijuana is increasingly available with private companies looking to make Israel a major exporter. Israel Defence Forces use cannabis to treat post-traumatic stress disorder in soldiers.

Sde Dov closure

Technion UK celebrates International Women’s Day On Sunday night Technion UK hosted an event to commemorate International Women’s Day. The Guest of Honour was Claire Lomas, who is a disability rights campaigner and fundraiser who will be receiving an honorary degree from the Technion in June. This is in recognition for her  incredible support for spinal injury research and in recognition of her achievements and strength of character which epitomise the qualities aspired for at the Technion  Claire was paralysed after being thrown off by her horse while competing at Osberton Horse Trials and is the first UK user of a robotic bodysuit invented in Israel at the Technion. She  proudly states she “walked the London Marathon wearing the  robotic suit for Spinal Research” raising hundreds of thousands of pounds and much-needed worldwide publicity of spinal injuries. Using the suit, Ms Lomas, who is now 38, not only used the suit to walk the marathon but also many other similar fundraising challenges. She said that “the best years of my life have been since I had my accident - I never thought that would happen. “I’ve met so many people including Prime Ministers and I met them all at eye level. For someone in a wheelchair, it feels amazing.” The robotic suit was invented and developed at the Technion, by Dr Amit Goffer, who is  a quadriplegic  himself and also a graduate of the Technion. After an accident in 1997, he  wanted to create something which would allow wheelchair users to walk, climb stairs and stand eye-to-eye with others. The first suit, used by Claire is designed for people with lower limb disabilities as an upright day-to-day alternative to a wheelchair. It is a brace based on the concept of an “exoskeleton”. Dr Goffer has now gone on to invent other suits that can help people including himself, who are paralysed from the neck down.

Claire Lomas

The ReWalk body suit is made up of a light wearable brace support suit with motors at the joint, rechargeable batteries, an array of sensors and a computer-based control system. It fits the body snugly to detect upper body movements, which are used to initiate and maintain the walking process. Wearers also use crutches for stability and safety. Dr Goffer said recently: “The exoskeleton concept has been around for 60 years but the big difference in my opinion is that this is not a robotic device. It has technology but it is the person inside which is the big difference. This is why I think we have succeeded. The person inside of the device is actually in charge. They are triggering the walk and deciding when to stop.” All proceeds from the event will go towards Biorobotics research at the Technion. Alan Aziz, CEO for Technion UK said, “We are proud to be connected to such an inspirational person like Claire Lomas, and who can help us highlight the significant contributions that Israeli scientists at the Technion are making worldwide.”

CST NEEDS YOU Being a CST volunteer is one of the most challenging and rewarding roles in the community. We will give you specific training for working with the kehilla.

Sde Dov Airport

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 a new international gateway to Southern Israel and the Red Sea, and is expected to handle up to 2 million passengers a year rising to 4.2 million passengers by 2030. The airport will handle low-cost and

PHOTO: WIKIMEDIA

charter flights from Europe which land at Ovda Airport including Ryanair, WizzAir and easyJet. Ramon Airport is named after Israel’s first astronaut who died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster and his son, an Air Force pilot who died in a training accident.

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BoD asked to stay out of Israeli general election Over 30 deputies have called on the Board of Deputies to stop intervening or passing comment on the upcoming Israeli elections next month. The move follows around 50 deputies

Clashes on Har HaBayit following petrol bomb

corresponding with BoD president Marie Van de Zyl to condemn far-right party Otzma Yehudit, in order to provide “moral leadership” for our community. With Israelis set to vote within weeks

Yehudit agreed a deal with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu that would see nationalist-religious Bayit Yehudi take in Yehudit prompting anger in the United States and United Kingdom.

Marie Van de Zyl

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Israeli Security Services and worshippers clashed on the Har HaBayit in Jerusalem on Tuesday. The violence followed after police closed off the compound to locate attackers who threw a Molotov cocktail at a police station near Lions’ Gate in the Old City. Three Palestinian suspects were detained.  A Border Policewoman was wounded in the terror incident.  Major General Doron Yedid,  Jerusalem district commander visited the scene and ordered the compound remain closed while officers searched for any explosive devices left behind by attackers. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas condemned the clashes and warned of “grave consequences”.  Abbas called on the international community to urgently put pressure on Israel to prevent a further escalation of violence. Tensions have been at an all-time high in recent weeks after the Waqf opened the gates in the eastern part of the Mount, which had remained sealed for years.  In another incident earlier in the day, IDF troops killed a Palestinian terrorist in an attempted stabbing attack on Israeli civilians in a residential building in Hebron. Soldiers acted swiftly to incident close the Kiryat Arba settlement. The terrorist entered the lobby of the building before being shot dead. Israel Defence Forces confirmed no soldiers or civilians were injured in the incident. Palestinian officials identified the attacker as Yasser Fuzi Shuweiki.

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Two Israelis on board Ethiopian Airlines crash

14 MARCH 2019

Israel’s Golan Heights sovereignty

BY NATALIE ASH Two Israelis were among the fatalities in the Ethiopian Airlines plane disaster last Sunday morning. None of the 149 passengers and eight crew members, from over 30 nationals who were on board the Boeing 737 survived. The plane crashed near Addis Ababa shortly after take-off from Ethiopia’s capital on route to Nairobi. Avraham Matzliah, a 49-year-old dad of twin teenagers from Maale Adumim, was the first Israeli identified. Shimon Ram, a 59-year-old father of five from Zichron Yaakov, also lost his life. High-tech businessman Matzliah flew from Tel Aviv to Africa every month. One of his daughters, Yael 19, told reporters that his flights to Ethiopia were routine. “I saw the story about the plane crash so we started making phone calls to the airline and quickly understood the tragedy,” she said. “We’re shocked. We can’t comprehend it.” “Avraham was a very special person,” added Avraham’s sister Meirav. “He was a wonderful father and such a funny man, we’re shocked, it’s a tragedy. We cannot believe it.” Former Shin Bet agent Ram was on a business trip for Shafran Consulting and Management Company. He served in the agency’s Personal Security Unit and later worked as a security expert. Ram’s uncle, Noam Harush, described Shimon as hard-working, devoted to his family and vocation.  Shafran CEO Oded Raz said it was “a very difficult time”. “The process of identifying victims will take at least five days,” Ethiopian Airlines spokesman Asrat Begashaw told reporters in Addis Ababa on Tuesday. It is unclear when their remains will be returned to Israel for burial. Israel has offered to assist following the crash. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has approved a  delegation of two ZAKA search and rescue volunteers to aid authorities. Netanyahu expressed condolences at

An Ethiopian Airlines 737 8 max

Benjamin Netanyahu expressed condolences at his weekly cabinet meeting to families of the victims, the Ethiopia government and people his weekly cabinet meeting to families of the victims, the Ethiopia government and people. “If there is anything we can do, we are of course ready to do it,” he vowed. ZAKA said in a statement that two teams, from Israel and South Africa, would be in the delegation. “Our teams will make every effort to locate the bodies of the Israelis and bring them home for burial,” Yehuda Meshi-Zahav, ZAKA chairman, noted on Twitter. “Unfortunately, in our vast experience assisting in these types of tragedies around the world, we have acquired a great deal of professionalism in responding to such incidents.” Two orthodox passengers, agricultural entrepreneurs Yisroel Mozeson and Shraga Israel, were among a few fortuitous passengers who missed the flight according to Walla News. Mozeson was supposed to fly to Addis Ababa and then connect for a flight to Nairobi. Reports noted that the plane displayed unstable vertical speed after take-off and attempted to climb before descending. The flight recorders have been found and the cockpit data recorder showed the jet’s

airspeed indicator had malfunctioned. The plane crashed six minutes into its flight at Hejere near Bishoftu 50km south of Addis Ababa.  Tewolde Gebremariam, the airline’s CEO, confirmed on social media that there were no survivors and expressed “profound sympathy and condolences” to families of passengers and crew. He told reporters that the pilot had sent a distress call and was given clearance to return to the airport. He also confirmed that nationals on board were from Kenya, Canada, China, America, Ethiopia, Italy, France, United Kingdom, Egypt, India and Slovakia. Gebremariam confirmed that the new Boeing was delivered to Ethiopian Airlines last November and had flown 1,200 hours. The senior pilot had been with the airline since 2010.  Ethiopian authorities are being assisted by various countries in the investigation. United Kingdom, Ethiopia, China, Australia, Indonesia are among nations to ground the Boeing jet following a second fatal crash of the plane in five months.  A Boeing 737-8 MAX crashed into the Java Sea shortly after take-off from Jakartal killing all 189 people on board.

U.S. Senator Lindsey Graham vowed to push for US recognition of Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights on Monday. Speaking after a tour of the disputed territory with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, the South Carolina politician hopes to ratify US policy. “The Golan is not disputed,” he said. “It is in the hands of Israel and will always remain in the hands of Israel. My goal is to try explain this to the administration.” Republican senators introduced legislation recognising Israeli sovereignty over the Golan last month. Graham, a co-sponsor of the bill, anticipates bipartisan support.  He described an Israeli withdrawal from the Golan as a “strategic nightmare” and political “suicide” due to Israeli and US concern over Iranian influence in Syria. Netanyahu praised Graham’s remarks and stressed Israel would never give up the land.  “It’s very important the international community recognise this fact, and accept it, and most especially our great friend, the United States,” he said. Syria has demanded Israel’s withdrawal from the Golan as part of a peace deal.

Labour councillor resigns A Barnet councillor has resigned from the Labour Party amid claims of “institutional anti-Semitism” and the party’s stance on Brexit. Cllr. Jessica Brayne, who represents Underhill, said she believed the Labour leadership had “utterly failed in its duty to tackle anti-Semitism” and was “failing the country on Brexit”. Her decision came

after nine Labour MPs left the party to join the newly formed Independent Group many of them citing similar reasons for quitting. Having been a Labour member for six years and a councillor since 2016, Cllr Brayne published her resignation letter last weekend. Addressed to Labour’s General Secretary Jennie Formby, it states

“I cannot in good conscience remain a member of a party I believe to be institutionally anti-Semitic and complicit in running down the clock to a no-deal Brexit against the interests of this country. Cllr. Brayne, who will now serve as an independent councillor, made it clear that her problem was not with the Barnet Labour Group but with the wider culture

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within the party. Barnet has a higher Jewish population than any other local authority in the UK, and anti-Semitism was a major issue in last year’s council elections, which saw the Conservatives increase their majority from just 1 to 13. The resignation leaves the Barnet Labour Group with 24 seats against the Conservatives who hold 38.


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Hamas targets hit after rocket attack from Gaza Israel Defence Forces hit Hamas targets in a night aerial raid after a rocket was fired from Gaza last Saturday. An IDF spokesperson confirmed strikes at a military compound in the northern Gaza Strip and naval vessels belonging to the

terror group after a missile landed in the Eshkol Regional Council. Earlier in the day, an anti-tank missile was neutralised after landing in the Sdot Negev Regional Council. Two Hamas posts in the northern and

southern Gaza Strip were also targeted after rockets were fired into Israel in the preceding days. There were no reports of damage or injuries.  The IDF made it clear it held Hamas

CST condemn auction of Nazi memorabilia

Heino Schonfeld

BY ADAM MOSES Nazi memorabilia due to be sold at a Belfast auction house this week has been withdrawn following complaints from Jewish leaders. Bloomfield Auctions were due to sell dinner items decorated with swastikas and were described on Facebook as “historically rare”. The lot, estimated at £20,000, was supposedly from Adolf Hitler’s 50th birthday glass observation wagon on the Third Reich’s German state railway. “The tablecloth is probably the only one known to exist today, making it historically rare, along with the cutlery and napkins, where only a very few have ever appeared,” the Facebook post noted. A Bloomfield spokesman said the company withdrew the lot due to the sensitive nature of the items and will not offer it for sale in the future. The Community Security Trust condemned the sale of Nazi material for profit. “Anyone with an ounce of decency will be disgusted to see people trying to turn a profit on Nazi memorabilia as it draws its so-called value from Hitler’s depraved racism, mass murder and war-making across Europe,” Mark Gardner said. Heino Schonfeld, Holocaust Education Trust of Ireland was “appalled” when he first saw the advertisement. Accepting the items should not be destroyed due to their historical nature, they would be better placed in a museum in a context that commemorates the victims and what they symbolise. “It is totally insensitive of the feelings of possible victims of the Nazi terror regime and others who were persecuted at that time,” Schonfeld added. It is not illegal to sell Nazi ephemerae in the UK, but is banned in several European countries including Germany, France and Austria.

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responsible for attempts to harm Israeli civilians. Despite reported incidents, an Egyptian mediation team continues to discuss a ceasefire arrangement with the relevant parties.


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WJC stands with Bulgarian Jews in Sofia rally BY LEAH WAXLER Over 1,500 people participated in the ‘Together for Bulgaria, together for Europe’ march of tolerance and unity which took in Sofia last Sunday. World Jewish Congress president Ronald S. Lauder travelled to the capital city to show solidarity with Bulgarian Jews. The march took place on the 76th anniversary of the rescue of Bulgarian Jews during the Holocaust. The rally was a response to the torchlit neo-Nazi Lukov parade last month honouring a Nazi collaborator who sent 11,300 Jews to deaths in Treblinka despite government opposition. “We have sent a clear message to those participating in the Lukov March, we have said no to modern day Nazis, no to hatred and no to divisions in our society,” commented Lauder.   WJC joined affiliate Organistion for Jews in Bulgaria Shalom for the march which began at the City Square and culminated with a flower-laying ceremony at the Monument of Gratitude, which recognises the rescue of Bulgarian Jews. Bulgarian officials included  Foreign Minister Ekaterina Zakharieva, Speaker of Parliament Tsveta Karayancheva, Chairman of GERB Tsvetan Tsvetanov and Sofia Mayor Yordanka Fandakova. Dr. Alexander Oscar, President of the Bulgaria Shalom and  WJC CEO Robert Singer also participated with ambassadors from the United States, Israel, Germany and United Kingdom. Bulgarian President Rumen Radev  awarded  Lauder  with the Stara Planina Order 1st Degree, the highest honour for a non-Bulgarian citizen.  He added, “The salvation of Bulgarian Jews is not only a historical event but an inspiring example for today and tomorrow.”

Lauder praised the Bulgarian people for standing up to Nazis during World War Two and rise of neo-Nazis. “Once again today, you showed the entire world that courage, moral clarity, and decency begin right here in Sofia,” he said. “The Bulgarian people along with their leaders have stood together. “We will not tolerate anti-Semitism or hatred of any kind.  “President Radev  and  Prime Minister Boyko Borisov  have been responsive to any kind of anti-Jewish hatred, setting an example for all world leaders.” Lauder thanked NGOs across Bulgarian civil society who have signed the Memorandum to Fight Hate speech in Bulgaria. He added, “The future lies with tolerance, good neighbours and everyone working together to build a better world for our children. Hate will not be part of our future. Intolerance will not be part of it. “Bulgaria reminds us that we must never be silent in the face of evil, it takes courage to stand up to evil and a small country can tower over others. Let the world use Bulgaria as its model.” Dr  Alexander Oscar, Bulgaria Shalom president,  commented: “The Sofia municipality and government of Bulgaria have sent an important message to the world that hatred and manifestations of anti-Semitism have no place in this country. “We are both encouraged by the unbelievably strong show of support given by thousands of Bulgarian citizens who took part in this march, making it clear that while neo-Nazis may be gaining steam across Europe, unity and tolerance will always be the way of life here in Bulgaria. “Today is a day to remember the responsibility we bear to never stand still when other people are trying to destroy the world we are living in.”

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Rivlin censors Bibi over Nation State comments BY HOWARD LAWRENCE President Reuven Rivlin said censored Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu for saying Israel is “the national state only of the Jewish people” this week. The comments came during a row between Netanyahu and Israeli celebrities over the status of Israel’s Arab sector, which makes up around 20 percent of the Israeli population.  Speaking at a ceremony marking 40 years since the peace treaty signing between Israel and Egypt, Rivlin said there was no first-class or second-class citizens and no second-class voters, all were equal in the voting booth. He added, “Those who believe the State of Israel must be Jewish and fully democratic must remember the State of Israel has complete equality of rights for all its citizens,” he added.  “We must get to the point where we are truly able to say, no more war and bloodshed between Israelis and Arabs.” He continued, “I refuse to believe that there are political parties that have surrendered the character of Israel as a Jewish and democratic, democratic and Jewish, state.” Actress Rotem Sela criticised how Netanyahu’s government regarded the Arab population. “When the hell will someone in this government tell the public that Israel is a country of all its citizens,” she noted on Instagram. Netanyahu responded that Israel is “not a state of all its citizens,” which led Wonder Woman star Gal Gadot backed Sela. “Love thy neighbor as thyself,” Gadot wrote in Hebrew on Instagram. “It is not a matter of right or left, Jewish or Arab, religious or secular. It’s a matter of dialogue for peace, equality and tolerance for one another. It is our responsibility to plant hope and light for a better future for our children. Rotem, you are an inspiration for us all.” Netanyahu accepted all citizens, including Arabs, had equal rights, but referenced the Nation-State law of the Jewish people. “According to the basic nationality law we passed, Israel is the nation-state of the Jewish people, and only it,” he noted in response to Sela. “As you wrote, there is no problem with the Arab citizens of Israel. They have equal rights like all of us and the Likud government has invested more in the Arab sector than any other government.”

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14 MARCH 2019

French extemist jailed French Muslim extremist, Mehdi Nemmouche, has been sentenced to life in prison for murdering four people in a terrorist attack at the Jewish Museum of Belgium in 2014. Two Israeli tourists were murdered in the atrocity. Nemmouche’s accomplice received a 15-year prison sentence.

Netanyahu corruption probe Israel’s Attorney General, Avichai Mandelblit, has agreed to a request from Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s lawyers to release investigation material regarding corruption charges he faces after next month’s elections. A hearing is expected to take place no later than July 10. Netanyahu’s hearing will be conducted by Mandelblit, while others will face Tel Aviv district attorneys. Documents will be made available to lawyers at the Tel Aviv DA’s office the day following elections on April 9. Lawyers argued successfully that evidence should be published in the media prior to the election.

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UN Commission on Women opens The United Nations Commission on the Status of Women opened in New York this week. Women leaders across the world gathered to hear a range of talks at the UN Headquarters. World Jewish Congress linked up with Israeli mental health organisation Enosh for a panel discussion on the connection between mental health and sexual trauma. The panel brought together policymakers, professionals in mental health recovery, NGOs and academia to provide innovative approaches and policy guidance. Evelyn Sommer, Chair of WJC North America, told delegates that WIZO runs a hotline for men to deter them from becoming abusers and shelters for battered women and children. “Sexual violence is an international evil that we must combat on an international level,” she said. Speakers included Claudia Garcia-Morena, World Health Organisation, Lori Beyer, Trauma Training at Community Connections, Liron David, Enosh Director of International Relations and Development, Miriam Ament, No Shame on U, and Marion Scotchmer, Community Connections.


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14 MARCH 2019

Election 2019 news Election Report: Covering our exclusive Israeli Election Special for The Jewish Weekly is JAMES MARLOW with his report, news briefs and this week’s poll numbers.

Attorney General Avichai Mandelblit has agreed to release his findings and evidence of the three corruption cases against the Prime Minister only after the general election. The decision will also apply to the other suspects in the case. Mandelblit recommended Netanyahu be indicted for bribery, breach of trust and fraud, subject to a hearing. The investigation materials will be available to the suspect’s

individual lawyers, one day after the general election. The pre-indictment hearings will be heard three months later and is expected to be no later than 10 July. The hearing for the Prime Minister will be conducted by the Attorney General himself while the other suspects will appear before the Tel Aviv District Prosecutor for tax and economic reasons. But before the announcement was made, at least four polls showed that support for the Blue and White party was dropping, while the Likud is holding steady. However Avigdor Lieberman’s Yisrael Beteinu party and Orly Levy-Abecassis who left Lieberman’s party to form Gesher, both may not cross the threshold. A real surprise in the polls is former Likud MK Moshe Feiglin, who has spent the last four years in the political wilderness, after

ELECTION NEWS BRIEFS: • In a fierce speech given by the Blue and White party leader in Beersheva this week, Benny Gantz said “Jabotinsky and Shamir would be ashamed of Netanyahu, but [Meir] Kahana would be proud of him.” Gantz was referring to Netanyahu’s satisfaction that the Jewish Home party voted to join with the far right Otzmah Yehudit, in order to pass the minimum threshold. • Far-right Knesset hopeful, Itamar Ben Gvir, who is a lawyer by profession, filed a NIS 250,000 (£53,000) libel lawsuit against former defence minister, Avigdor Lieberman, after he failed to apologise for saying in a radio interview that the Otzma Yehudit candidate could be a Shin Bet security service agent. Ben Gvir who denied the accusation, retorted by suggesting Lieberman, an immigrant to Israel from Moldova in the former Soviet Union, could be a KGB agent. Lieberman told Israel Radio that he was “not a fan” of the far-right

party, which joined forces with Jewish Home and National Union to create the Union of Right Wing Parties. “I understand Lieberman is under pressure,” Ben Gvir said in a statement, “he sees the polls, discovers he is not passing the electoral threshold, and understands that his voters are voting en-masse for the Union of Right Wing Parties.” • The Yisrael Beteinu party is experiencing a political crisis as some polls suggest the party will not pass the electoral threshold. But Lieberman hit back and petitioned the Central Elections Committee against pollsters that do not include his party as one of the options and therefore are not giving the correct polling. The public was recently invited to take part in an election survey that did not show Yisrael Beteinu as one of the options. In submitting the petition to the CEC, the party wish to discover who was behind the poll. Lieberman has constantly been dismissive of

finishing in the top 20 in the Likud primaries of 2015 - only to be shoved down to 36th place by Netanyahu, locking him out of the Knesset. Feiglin has since formed his own Zehut party and many polls show he may just cross the line. His popularity is partly due to his decision to adopt the “legalising cannabis” policy, which was the main goal of the leftist, Green Leaf party, but they decided not to run this time, probably due to financial reasons. Feiglin was always known as a right wing religious Zionist, opposed to the Oslo agreement, opposed to the Gaza disengagement, but very supportive of settlement building and the annexation of Judea and Samaria. But he has recently become a compatriot in the use of soft drugs and in particular, pot-smoking.

In addition, the party manifesto includes Shabbat transportation, civil marriage and selling pig meat across the country. Netanyahu spared no legal manoeuvres to oust Feiglin from the Likud, but now the thorn in the Prime Minister’s side - who challenged his leadership several times - could reappear in the political arena and perhaps hold the balance of power between Likud or Blue and White. Netanyahu clearly fears that his old foe could turn out to be trouble, with Israel Hayom, a paper seen as the mouthpiece of the Prime Minister, running a headline reading “Feiglin is dangerous.” Netanyahu in an online Question and Answer session this week was asked about cannabis to which he replied that he may consider the legalisation of the

current polls and argued many surveys also take place online and their results are misleading, because they fail to sample people who do not use the internet.

DC later this month. Gantz will speak one day before Netanyahu and is also scheduled to meet with President Trump. Labor head Avi Gabbay announced he will not be attending the conference, preferring to concentrate on the election campaign, but will instead send his number four, Stav Shaffir who will address the audience.

• The Central Elections Committee voted to disqualify Hadash candidate Ofer Kassif and the Israeli-Arab Balad party from running in the election. Kassif was banned on the grounds that he opposes a Jewish and democratic state. Balad was banned on the grounds it is racist. Ofer Kassif has in the past called Justice Minister Ayelet Shaked a neo-Nazi, Prime Minister Netanyahu a mass murderer and that President Rivlin should go to hell. He further called himself an anti-Zionist and recently said Zionism is a racist practice of “Jewish supremacy.” Kassif appealed the decision to the Supreme Court and the answer was expected late Wednesday night just after we went to press. • Blue and White party leader Benny Gantz will deliver one of the key speeches at the annual AIPAC conference in Washington

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• Labor’s Stav Shaffir has been assigned a bodyguard after reportedly receiving threatening messages to her phone, which included: “I will murder you” and “electric shocks to your leftist brain would help.” She became the target of attacks over attempting to have the far-right Otzma Yehudit party banned from running in the election last week. However she told a party gathering last weekend, “I don’t blame the extremists, I blame only Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu” for “encouraging” those who “undermine democracy.” Police arrested an Otzma Yehudit supporter on suspicion of having sent the threats.

drug. “I led several changes in this sphere, as we increased the use of medical cannabis. “When we were told there was a world market for it, we allowed growers to increase their production and I turned the sector into a significant export opportunity for the State of Israel.” In other news, the Prime Minister met with Rabbi Meir Mazuz, the spiritual leader of Eli Yishai, to convince the Yahad party to drop out of the race and avoid the loss of thousands of right-wing votes. All polls show that Yahad will not cross the threshold. However, the meeting was unsuccessful and Eli Yishai, who has led Yahad since being ousted from the leadership of Shas in 2015, will continue to run for Knesset and will likely take many votes from Shas who are polling between five six seats. • In a related matter, the far left-wing Meretz party filed a petition on Tuesday with the High Court of Justice against the two candidates from the far-right Otzma Yehudit party, Michael Ben Ari and Itamar Ben Gvir. The Central Elections Committee last week gave the go ahead that Ben Ari and Ben Gvir could run for Knesset, but Meretz continued to argue that they should be barred from running over incitement to racism. • Staying with Meretz, its chairwoman, Tamar Zandberg met with Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas in Ramallah and said forging a peace agreement with the Palestinians is in Israel’s “supreme interest” and that “peace must be at the centre of the election.” Abbas replied by saying it “would respond to any Israeli government ready to negotiate a peace agreement on the basis of the post-Six Day War borders - this is our stance, and we will not move from it.” Still Abbas could not resist attacking Israel’s decision to freeze approximately 5% of its monthly tax transfers to


14 MARCH 2019 the PA last month, which are the stipends that the Palestinian governing body pays to the families of terrorists. “You have no right to hold our money,” said Abbas. “Israel bears the responsibility for our economic problems, but we will not move from the position of a two-state solution, fighting terrorism and insisting on our right to receive the money.” Meretz appears to be the only party in this election advocating immediate negotiations and a two-state “solution.” • Recently retired IDF chief of staff Gadi Eisenkot, who left active service on January 15, will

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TO ADVERTISE CALL 020 3906 8488 formally leave the IDF on March 31 instead of January 2020, making him eligible to run in the next election. The law stipulates that officials must wait 3-years or skip one election - whichever comes sooner. By becoming a civilian prior to the April 9 election, Eisenkot is eligible to run in the next election whenever it may be held. By his request, the 21st chief of staff Lt. General will also forfeit his “paid leave,” estimated according to the daily Yediot Ahronot, to be around NIS 300,000 (£64,000). However Eisenkot told a close friend that he has no political plans, but wanted to severe his ties from

the army as he heads to Washington to become a fellow at the Washington Institute for Near-East Policy. • The Central Elections Commission confirmed that retired General Tal Rousso, who was placed in second place on the Labor party list of candidates by leader Avi Gabbay, can run for the Knesset. According to Israeli election law, one must wait three years from the time of leaving the IDF, to run for Knesset. Rousso left the army in January 2014 but returned as a volunteer after Operation Protective Edge, to play a role in reserve duty. The former General

subsequently left again in 2017 which raised questions about his status. The Attorney-General, Avichai Mandelblit has already announced Rousso could run, but the final decision was made by Supreme Court Justice Hanan Melcer. • Pinhas Idan, who was running for Knesset with the Likud and placed at number nineteen on the list, has finally succumbed to pressure and withdrawn his candidacy. Idan remained head of the Israel Airports Authority Industries Labor Union, when he was named as a Likud candidate and according to Supreme Court Justice,

Hanan Melcer, who also heads the Central Elections Committee and the Attorney-General Avichai Mandelblit - this was “problematic.” Idan was told if he did not quit the race, he would be disqualified from running and this would make it harder for him to return to his previous job, which he has now done so. All those candidates below Idan on the Likud list now automatically move up one slot. • “If I ran in the Israeli elections, I would win 98% of the vote,” US President Donald Trump said at a closed conference with donors to the Republican Party in Florida this week.

The latest polls Election analyst JAMES MARLOW compiles this week’s poll numbers based on several Israeli leading pollsters. In total, 47 parties have registered to run and at least one has dropped out since. Only the parties expected to cross the 3.25%

minimum threshold are listed below. If a party receives less than the minimum 4 seats, the votes are discarded. The election for the twenty-first Knesset is Tuesday 9 April. The poll below was compiled on Wednesday 13 March, 2019.

NAME OF PARTY

HEADED BY

SEATS RECEIVED ELECTION 2015

CURRENT POLLING

BLUE & WHITE Israel Resilience + Yesh Atid + Telem

Benny Gantz

NEW PARTY

31 - 33

LIKUD

Binyamin Netanyahu

30 Seats

28 - 30

LABOR

Avi Gabbay

FORMALLY ZIONIST UNION 24 Seats

7 - 10

HADASH + TA'AL (Arab)

Ayman Odeh + Ahmed Tibi

FORMALLY JOINT LIST 13 Seats

7-8

UNITED TORAH JUDAISM

Rabbi Yaacov Litzman

6 Seats

6-7

UNION OF RIGHT PARTIES Jewish Hm, Nat Union, Otzmah

Rabbi Rafi Peretz

FORMALLY JEWISH HOME + TEKUMAH 8 Seats

5-7

THE NEW RIGHT

Naftali Bennett

NEW PARTY

5-7

SHAS

Aryeh Deri

7 Seats

5-6

MERETZ

Tamar Zandberg

5 Seats

4-6

BALAD + RA'AM (Arab)

Dr Mansour Abbas

FORMALLY JOINT LIST (13 Seats)

4-5

KULANU

Moshe Kahlon

10

3-4

YISRAEL BETEINU

Avigdor Lieberman

6

3-4

ZEHUT

Moshe Feiglin

NEW PARTY

3-4

GESHER

Orly Levy-Abecassis

NEW PARTY

2-4

YAHAD

Eli Yishai

0

2-3

YESH ATID

Yair Lapid

(11 Seats)

RUNNING WITH BLUE & WHITE

JOINT LIST Ra’am, Ta’al, Balad, Hadash

Ayman Odeh

(13 Seats)

FACTION SPLIT IN TWO

ZIONIST CAMP Labor, Hatnuah

NOW DEFUNCT

(19 + 5 Seats = 24)

NOW DEFUNCT

TOTAL 120 SEATS THEJEWISHWEEKLY.COM


12

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Election facts 2019

BY BROADCAST JOURNALIST JAMES MARLOW A great deal has changed in Israel since the first Knesset election took place in 1949 after the war of independence. Back then you had the pioneering spirit and idealism of Zionism, you had the thriving Kibbutzim movement across the country and of course you had Prime Minister David Ben Gurion heading the government. But one thing that has remained the same is the party ballot slips that a voter chooses when they walk into the blue voting booth on election-day. In front of the voter is a tray of party slips with different Hebrew letters – the voter selects one, places it in the envelope, walks out and places the envelope in the box.

The first Knesset election had 21 parties running and therefore 21 different party slips. At this election, a record 47 parties have registered to run and although one party has dropped out so far, new larger ballot booths had to be constructed to accommodate the larger tray to hold the slips. In recent days, the Central Elections Committee, (CEC) who has a large warehouse in the city of Modi’in, purchased another 50 tons of paper in order to print enough party ballots for the record breaking number of parties running. The CEC also worked hard to expand the 12,000 voting booths which will be sent to the 4,200 voting sites across Israel. They also need to be checked that each one can be assembled easily. In addition, 400 million ballot slips have been prepared, which is 140 million more ballots than the 2015 election. There are 5.8 million eligible voters in the upcoming election which is eight percent more than the 2015 election. According to the Central Bureau of Statistics, eighty percent of eligible voters living in Israel are Jewish, sixteen percent are Arab and five per cent are non-Arab, Christian and residents with no religious affiliation.

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… a record 47 parties have registered to run and although one party has dropped out so far, new larger ballot booths had to be constructed to accommodate the larger tray to hold the slips

Fourteen percent of eligible voters are aged 18 – 24 years old. Hundreds of thousands of Israelis live outside the country and although there is no absentee voting cards, Ambassadors, Embassy and Consulate staff are permitted to vote. However, provisions are made for around 400,000 Israelis who are unable to get to a voting station because they are either in hospital or prison or have limited mobility. In Israel, the vote is generally made extremely assessable. The CEC also has a special department that makes sure soldiers on active duty in the IDF have a vote and facilities are made accessible to them. Israel is one of a few countries in the world that has one of the highest voter turnouts which is not bad considering trust in politicians in Israel has been declining. In the March 2015 election, there was a 76% voter turnout.

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Strict security insures that no boxes are removed from voting booths unless by an official of the CEC and only after the polls have closed at 10 pm. One reason why the party ballot paper has remained after all these years is the avoidance of any technical breakdowns, cyber-attacks or some type of a hack whether from within or outside of the country. Once the polling stations close, the voting boxes are taken on a journey to the Knesset in Jerusalem where the hand count begins. Results are announced in the early hours with a final confirmation a few days later. The 250 tons of paper and cardboard left at the polling stations are then recycled and more than one hundred tons of paper at the Knesset are shredded. Once a new government is in power, the preparation for the next election begins and in Israel an election can come at any time. However after the formation of a government, members are expected to remain in the Knesset for 4 years and a few weeks, depending upon the time the last Knesset dissolved. Coalitions fall apart for all sorts of reasons but recently, governments have been extremely stable. The longest government was the third Knesset between 1955 and 1959 lasting four years and four months. The second longest is the current government which was elected in 2015.

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14 LETTERS

Letters to the Editor Send in your comments to letters@thejewishweekly.com

Please note: The views of the letters do not necessarily reflect the views of this newspaper. Letters may be edited and publication is at the discretion of the editor.

DEPARTMENT FOR EDUCATION Dear Sir, The Department for Education’s regulations and guidelines concerning Relationships etc (“RSE”) are a massive challenge to UK society in general, as well as being the biggest threat to Chareidi chinuch in this country. Whilst the legislation regarding “RSE” does respect faith and family values, the reality is that the Ofsted inspectorate will interpret it according to its slavish deference to the new religion of genderism. RSE is clearly being used to promote a foreign and dangerous ideology that affects but 2% of the population, yet it is being foisted on every school child in the country! Whilst some faith schools may feel that they will be able to avoid promoting such

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an ideology, recent history with the DfE and Ofsted has proven the exact opposite. Just last week two schools were “downgraded” for not teaching certain “Protected Characteristics”. Even if, due to faith sensitivities, a school may avoid teaching matters which are against its beliefs, how will its pupils, on becoming adults, be able to survive in a Britain whose younger generation is being nurtured upon the notion that having two Daddies or two Mummies is normal and that gender dysphoria and forbidden relationships are the norm? Via the so-called “Education” of RSE studies we will see a world undermined by confusion, reversion to the practices of Sodom, destruction of traditional family life and total disregard, scorn and humiliation of religion. I wish I was exaggerating. In the next few weeks ( barring a dissolution of Parliament in preparation for a

General Election) we have the opportunity to arrest the moral decline in the UK by amassing the real public opinion about family structures which form the basis of society. The Values Foundation, which is being officially launched in Parliament on March 25th and sponsored by Sir Edward Leigh MP, has already formed a solid platform for traditional values. The recently formed “40 Days” initiative has widened the net and brought senior faith and community leaders around the table. Through these means there is direct access to many parliamentarians in both Houses. Lobbying has commenced to attempt to arrest “RSE” becoming law. If we do not act now at this late stage within the legislative process we will live to regret this for generations to come. The Tzibbur ought to get behind this national initiative. The greater the numbers who stand up to be counted as supporters of traditional family values, the more politicians will take notice and will realise that their fortunes lie in the camp of traditionalists rather than in the small but strident ranks of neo-liberals who are so intolerant of us. The main thrust of the Tzibbur’s involvement in the existential fight to retain our way of life, however, needs to stay focused on our time-hallowed tradition of sincere Tefilloh. We do need the behindthe-scenes askonus of ChinuchUK, the sage guidance of its Rabbonim, the engagement of members of the community with politicians etcetra. But at the end of

the day we must place our hopes only in Hashem Yisborach and cry out to him for the yeshuoh. May it come speedily! Bivrochoh Rabbi Shimon Winegarten

BLACK IRISH LAW Dear Editor, Visiting the Old City of Jerusalem and buying Christian or Israeli souvenirs and taking them back home could get you 5 years in an Irish prison. If you are Irish, buying Israeli gifts for your friends and family would be a criminal offence and potentially could get you dragged into court when you get home. This is the iniquitous anti-semitic hateful nature of the Black Irish law proposed by Israel-hating Irish senator Frances Black and approved by the Irish lower house. The Black Irish Bill is a display of obsessive discrimination against Israel. People selling or importing items from Jerusalem, Judea & Samaria, or the Golan Heights in Israel could be sentenced either by a fine of up to 250,000 Euro or 5 years in jail. Shame on Ireland! Barry Shaw Theviewfromisrael.com

HATRED At the core of racism in any political party Indeed, in the wider realm of our society Is HATRED Whether it’s anti - Semitism or Islamophobia Or anti – Black is the prevailing skin colour That is the so-called cause of racist behaviour The common thread And what has lead To racism of any form Becoming the norm Is HATRED

Just reminding you to check your

MEZUZAHS & TEFILLIN

We shouldn’t hate anyone Solely down to the reason Of their skin colour or race And they shouldn’t have to face Racism in their lives Which sadly, thrives On HATRED Ant-Semitism = Racism Racism = HATRED HATRED = Holocaust Holocaust = Genocide Genocide = HATRED The common denominator is HATRED We must all do our bit, and try instead To ensure that in our politics and wider society We’re rid of hatred, in this enlightened 21st Century This is not just wishful thinking, but vital Otherwise, HATRED could destroy us all J D Milaric

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16 COMMUNITY

Chaplain with a Difference In the absence of the official mayoral chaplain at Barnet Council meeting last Tuesday, the Mayor, Cllr Reuben Thompstone, requested Edgware Councillor, Brian Gordon, to deputise ad hoc, and recite the customary opening prayer. Briefly explaining the significance of the daily Amidah, Cllr Gordon recited the English translation of the Modim berocho, describing it as an effective universal blessing of gratitude and praise to the Al-mighty. He followed with an improvised prayer to fit the evening’s agenda, asking for the election of a Mayor who would continue to represent the Borough “with dignity and respect for all its citizens” and the passage of a “right and prudent” budget for the forthcoming municipal year. The prayer was fairly visibly answered in the proceedings that followed. Cllr Caroline Stock, who has represented Totteridge Ward for the past five years and is Jewish, was unanimously elected unopposed to take over as Mayor for the year commencing May 2019. Thereafter, though preceded

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Buckhurst Hill Chabad ladies dinner

Cllr Reuben Thompstone

inevitably by some heated Conservative – Labour exchanges as to the quality of public services, the relatively uncontroversial budget was passed by a comfortable majority.

Beefeaters visit Side By Side

At the ladies dinner

Beefeaters speaking to the children

Side by Side Special Needs School hosted a visit from some Yeoman Warders of Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress the Tower of London, popularly known as Beefeaters, as part of its series of lessons on understanding different countries in the world, beginning with Britain. The famed British icons visited the school to help the children explore life in Britain, and in particularly the way in which the monarchy works. The pupils were delighted to interact with the Beefeaters who explained about their roles and the values and the traditions associated with the monarchy and

the Tower of London. The visit was just one example of the school’s varied curriculum, the range different trips and activities the pupils participated in and enjoyed. Gerald Lebrett, Headteacher of Side by Side, said: “Side by Side strives to excel, bringing its educational and therapeutic provision to life for all our pupils. Having the opportunity to host a variety of guests from all different professions, it enables us to show how our school can blend both the national and Jewish curriculum and is a testament to our staffs’ dedication and commitment to ensuring positive outcomes for the pupils.”

Each year the Ladies of Chabad Buckhurst Hill hold an Annual Fundraising Dinner and choose a Charity of Choice to twin the evening with and raise money for, in addition to their own outreach work. Last week, the annual dinner twinned with Migdal Emunah, the leading UK charity supporting victims of sexual abuse within the community. Being a subject of extreme importance while at the same time being one that many find difficult to speak about in public, the committee, headed by Rebbitzen Henny Brandman felt that within the format of their ladies dinner, this could be an appropriate way to highlight the fantastic and important work of Midgal Emunah and address it in a sensitive way. The charities founder and Chief Executive, Yehudis Goldsobel was the Guest Speaker and Guest of Honour and she movingly addressed the gathering, telling of her amazing and challenging work and thanking the ladies for recognising and supporting her and her work. Yehudis was presented with a cheque for £500 from the proceeds of the evening. The dinner itself was indefinably brilliant, the atmosphere was one of elegance with an impression of timelessness. The participants could clearly see how much time and effort went in to making this night one to remember. It never ceases to amaze, how when guests walk into Chabad Buckhurst Hill, how their hall

THEJEWISHWEEKLY.COM

can be so beautifully transformed into so many different layouts and in such a welcoming, modern and classy way! The evening opened with Henny Brandman sharing some inspiring words about the power and great potential of the Jewish Woman. Being so close to Purim she drew a comparison to Queen Esther, the heroine of the Purim story. Live entertainment was presented by award-winning Gabby Niman who sang a variety of songs ranging from Jewish classics to some of her originals. Everyone was enthralled and captivated by the Guest Speaker’s passion as she spoke about her work at Migdal Emunah, what inspired her to create such a service, and how much help they have already given to the numerous individuals and families who seek their support. A raffle helped raise money on the night. Many prizes were donated by members of the community and with so many lovely prizes over a thousand raffle tickets were sold. The food was all prepared in-house by Neil and Alison Cohen with some assistance by the Chabad’s two resident girls Sheina Edelman and Leah Sacks and the Ladies Dinner Committee. A real feeling of accomplishment and “having done a good thing” lingered with everyone as they left the evening on a high, having known they were part of something special.


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Aish national weekend

Last weekend, Aish welcomed over 150 people to their student’s annual Genesis National Weekend at Condover Hall in Shrewsbury. Students from Leeds, Nottingham, Birmingham, London, Bristol, Sussex, Cardiff, Manchester, Liverpool and Edinburgh universities joined Aish for a weekend of extreme sport, inspirational Judaism and good company at one of the most exciting Aish events of the year. Aish’s National Weekend is a once a year opportunity for students who have taken part in Aish UK’s Genesis programme on campus and other Aish events year round to meet with fellow students from other universities in one action packed weekend. The weekend started with a musical candle lighting led by Akiva Zneimer, a musician from Jerusalem which set the tone for an action packed Shabbat featuring world class educational speakers including Rabbi Daniel Rowe, Rebbetzen Shalvie Friedman, Rabbi Uri Jaskiel, and many others covering sessions on belief in G-d and science in Judaism, to a Women’s Obligation to learn Torah. Other talks also included technology and relationships and protecting the environment. Israeli Counter terrorism expert Steve Gar came to speak to the students, giving

Enjoying the Aish UK weekend

an insight into his life as a counter-terrorism instructor whilst also studying to be ordained as a Rabbi. Steve Hewlett comic ventriloquist and Britain’s Got Talent finalist performed for the students bringing with his famous little Simon Cowell puppet as well as other famous dummy’s.

Jacob and Etan’s Car Washing for Refugees

Shabbat ended with a musical Havdalla led by singer Eli Tamir before the students began their evening of extreme activities including abseiling, trapeze and a lazer maze. Since 2015, Genesis Aish UK’s flagship campus programme has seen over 8000 attendances, at a wide variety events,

seeing a host of inspirational speakers on campuses across the UK. Genesis offers a unique opportunity to students in order for them to gain professional experience and advice from experts whilst also hearing powerful talks from a vast range of people who are leaders in their respective fields. Aish offers educational, social and hospitality services throughout student’s university experiences. Jake Rayhanian, a student who attended National Weekend said: “National Weekend was amazing, I met a lot of incredible people and the talks were just out of this world, from Rabbi Rowe to Sargent Steve who gave an unbelievable ending to Shabbat with his fantastic speech. It was excellent and I encourage everyone to go next year!” Rabbi Gideon Goldwater, Director of Aish Campus programmes said: “The Genesis National Weekend is one of our most anticipated events of the year. It’s a fantastic opportunity for students from university campuses up and down the country to get together for one action packed, inspirational weekend and this year exceeded all our expectations. Our incredible team, together with the wonderful students used the weekend to explore and discuss relevant and exciting topics covering so many different aspects of Judaism.”

New Edgware shiva week meal gemach

Jacob Ellison

Etan Ellison

Jacob and Etan Ellison, 7 and 9, raised £235 for World Jewish Relief by washing cars in their street near Golders Green. The two boys, supported by their mum Rachel, washed 11 cars, in support of the charity’s work with refugees. Jacob, 7, was designated ‘Head of Operations’ and led his team to achieve the feat during half term. He was inspired by learning at school about the war in Syria, which started in 2011, the year of his birth and is still raging today. Jacob said: “Many children like me have nowhere to live and cannot go to school. Some of them are really suffering because of the war. I would like to help them in some way which is why I decided to wash these cars.” World Jewish Relief’s Specialist Training

and Employment Programme (STEP) supports refugees into employment in Coventry and across Yorkshire. The refugees have predominantly arrived from Syria on the Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme. World Jewish Relief’s programme provides a bespoke, tailored approach to each refugee. They are supported along their journey towards employment with everything from English language skills, CV writing, work placements and ultimately support into the workplace. Rafi Cooper, Director of Communications for World Jewish Relief, said: “I am so moved by what Jacob and Etan have done. They are truly carrying out the spirit of World Jewish Relief; doing their bit for Tikkun Olam, making the world a better place.”

A new gemach is opening in Edgware, which will organise meals the week of the shiva for those who are unfortunately sitting shiva, mourning the loss of a loved one. The gemach is being started by Rochel Esther Tamir, an Edgware resident who remembers how grateful she was to those who cooked meals for her family when she lost her father a couple of years ago in Manchester. Bearing in mind that those sitting shiva must not cook anything for themselves and upon realising that they will likely find it beyond their current mindset to organise family and friends to cook for them, Rochel Esther decided to take on the responsibility of this huge mitzvah and dedicate the merits to the neshama of her father, Dovid Eliezer Ben Yechezkel of blessed memory. Integral to the Gemach’s success, of course, will be the number of volunteers who are willing to give of their time and resources to help prepare the meals. Members will need to be prepared to volunteer at short notice to help out. Deliveries will hopefully be organised for those who are unable to deliver the meals themselves. If you feel that you would be able to help and would like to join this lovely

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David Friedman O"H

initiative as a volunteer, please text your name to Rochel Esther on 07876 354 227 and she will add you to the group. It is our fervent hope that this gemach becomes yet another zchus for klal Yisrael and may we always meet at simchas.


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Reception held in honour Kisharon appoints Richard of British Emunah director Franklin as its new Chief Executive

Outgoing British Emunah director Deborah Nathan (centre) with Rochelle Selby and Rosalyn Liss

British Emunah paid tribute to its outgoing director Deborah Nathan at a reception held on Monday night in Hampstead Garden Suburb, hosted by Rochelle Selby, chair of the trustees. “You have done an amazing job pushing Emunah out into the community,” said Mrs Selby. “Thank you for keeping us on track and making sure we do our jobs to the highest possible standards, for always listening, and for your unending advice and thought. Your dedication and commitment have helped us to enhance the lives of the children and families in Emunah’s care in Israel.” Ms Nathan makes aliyah this week with her husband Jeremy and will join World Emunah. She was given a mezuzah for her new home crafted from a piece of missile by an artist in Sderot. “This piece of missile which comes to us broken and shattered has like the children of Emunah been given new hope of a new lease of life,” added Rochelle Selby. Among the guests were British Emunah trustees including Lady Sacks, supporters, staff and volunteers.

PHOTO: SUE RIFKIN

In a second presentation British Emunah chair Rosalyn Liss revealed that a board will be dedicated in honour of Deborah Nathan on the new site of Emunah’s Sarah Ronson Crisis and Intervention Centre in Sderot. She thanked Ms Nathan on behalf of the trustees and honorary officers for her hard work and achievements during her tenure as British Emunah’s first executive director. There were short speeches by Lilian Brodie, Camille Compton, Flora Frank and Mindy Wiesenberg – the latter praised her skills in creating new leaders. Addressing the gathering, Deborah Nathan said: “I want to say an enormous thank you to all the amazing people that I have worked with over the past nine-anda-bit years. When I think of the British Emunah heart [logo] it symbolises all the heart, love, thought and care that sustains us. We live in a global world and we are part of something really big, and that is the Emunah family. I am looking forward to taking that partnership forward and working closely with Emunah colleagues in the UK and around the world.”

NEWS IN BRIEF

Shenley United Synagogue opens new building Shenley United Jewish Community held a special ceremony to fix mezuzahs to its new building last Sunday. Rabbi Alan Garber and Chairman Joshua Simmons led the event, which was attended by 50 people. Previous executive members and long-standing members were honoured with fixing a mezuzah. The event, which also marked the launch of a fundraising drive to raise £30,000 to purchase a new bimah, mechitza, furniture, fixtures and fittings, was followed by a community tea.

Richard Franklin has been appointed as the new Chief Executive of Kisharon, the charity for children and adults with learning disabilities. Currently serving as Acting Chief Executive, Richard previously spent most of his six year tenure at the organisation as its Director of Fundraising and Communications, during which period he oversaw an increase of its annual income from £1.6m to an excess of £6m; raising funds for a number of projects, including the current redevelopment of Kisharon’s new school scheduled for completion in 2020. Richard’s extensive experience in the not-for-profit sector includes senior roles at Crisis UK and Jewish Care, prior to which he was a partner in a city law firm, Nicholson Graham and Jones. In his spare time, Richard also serves as Warden at Highgate Synagogue. Philip Goldberg, Chair of Trustees, said: “Following a long and extensive search, it was clear Richard was the stand-out candidate. Richard has shown great dedication and made huge achievements over the past six years. On behalf of the Board of Trustees, we wish him every success in his new and pivotal role at Kisharon.” Richard Franklin, Chief Executive, said: “Kisharon is a remarkable and unique organisation in which it has been my privilege

Richard Franklin

to serve. I am looking forward to working with our excellent Trustee Board, Senior Leadership team and staff, whose healthy ambitions for people with learning disabilities match my own, to ensure that everyone impacted by this wonderful charity can learn, develop and grow together.”

Record-breaking Purim baking

Wolfson Hillel children at Barnet United Synagogue

Barnet United Synagogue broke a community record last week by baking over 450 Purim hamantaschen to support a number of charities. The hamantaschen, which used more than 13 kilograms of flour, will go in the United Synagogue Chesed department’s mishloach manot boxes to be distributed to older people in the Barnet community and those who are supported by Norwood, Langdon, Chai Cancer Care and Camp Simcha. The baking was supported by a number of pupils across years 1 to 6 from Wolfson Hillel Primary School. Barnet Synagogue’s Naomi Rosenhead said: “We are very proud to be able to help so many of our own members and the wider community through the United Synagogue’s

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mishloach manot boxes. A big well done to pupils Sienna Brown, Libby and Callum Livingstone, Coby, Eden and Romi Greenberg, Megan Chapman, Amy Cowan, Miley Shafar, Sofie and Reuben Rosenhead and Eva Yacobi for all their hard work.” Yael Peleg, Director of Strategy and Development of the United Synagogue’s Jewish Living Division, said: “A huge yasher koach to the children from Wolfson Hillel and members of Barnet United Synagogue for donating their time to perform a wonderful act of chesed. This is a wonderful example of why the United Synagogue Chesed department exists, to help our communities to support both their members in need and the wider community.”


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Arbuzz J-Fest draws 500 people to celebrate Russianspeaking Jewish culture in London The flourishing cultural scene in London’s Russian-speaking Jewish community was evident at Arbuzz J-Fest, hosted by London-based club The Arbuzz Project in Chelsea on 1st – 3rd March 2019. Over 500 people attended the three-day festival, supported by Genesis Philanthropy Group, in celebration of Russian-speaking Jewish culture. The festival featured a wide array of lectures, masterclasses, plays and concerts with famous Russian journalists, writers and actors. As well as offering intellectually-stimulating workshops and discussions for adults, the festival included a programme of interactive adventures in the worlds of art, literature, theatre and cinema for children. Lyudmila Ulitskaya, a renowned Russian novelist and short-story writer, hosted a particularly well-attended session, fielding questions on her literary works that have been translated into 25 languages. Equally, performances of Marienbad, a play based on Sholem Aleichem’s book of the same name, and Hello, However…, a play adapted from Veniamin Smekhov’s novel about legendary Russian-Jewish poet and songwriter Vladimir Vysotsky, were stand-out highlights from the festival. The sessions and workshops encompassed a full gamut of literature, cinema, economics, art and religious history, including

Lyudmila Ulitskaya

a presentation from acclaimed novelist and chairman of the Rambler company Oleg Radzinsky, who discussed the implications of artificial intelligence for the development of future economies and culture. Jewish educator Pinchas Polonsky lectured on the Kabbalah and its profound and complex influence on the history of the Jewish people. Literary critic Galina Yuzefovich offered Jewish reflections on the works of modern Russian writers and artist and art historian Andrey Borovsky outlined five key Jewish symbols and their impact on Russian and international cinema, literature and art. Ilia Salita, President and CEO of Genesis Philanthropy Group, said: “With the growing number of Russian-speaking Jews who choose London as the place to live and grow their families, it is very important to foster exciting opportunities for them to engage with their Jewish heritage and culture and to do so in a modern and interactive way. In our opinion, Arbuzz J-Fest does exactly that.”

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Performance of Hello, However… at Arbuzz J Fest

About Genesis Philanthropy Group Genesis Philanthropy Group (GPG) is a global foundation, co-founded by Mikhail Fridman, an international businessman, investor and philanthropist, and his business partners. GPG primarily, but not exclusively, focuses its philanthropic support on developing and enhancing Jewish identity among Russian-speaking Jews worldwide. To learn more, visit www.gpg.org. About The Arbuzz Project The Arbuzz Project is a club that exists to acquaint the Russian-speaking London public with the most prominent intellectuals, including writers and journalists, historians and political scientists, artists and directors, actors, psychologists, scientists, entrepreneurs.

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New charity Keren holds its first fundraising dinner

Left to right: Emma Cohen, Daniel Cohen, Mark and Michelle Levine, Ziona and Noam Handler, Charles and Clair Spieler, Abigail and Ben Shapiro

A lesson about Shabbat for King David Primary school year 2 was given at the Heaton Park Hebrew Congregation, Tuesday morning. With head of Kodesh Mrs Rayna Glickman and the Shul Minister, Rabbi Daniel Walker who explained about his Shul, and brought out a Sefer Torah for the children to kiss.

PHOTO: DANIEL MORRIS

Misaskim Manchester melava malka Last Motzai Shabbat, Misaskim Manchester held its annual Melava Malka for the members of its Shiva team – those responsible for delivering, setting up and collecting chairs, tables, seforim etc required for a Shiva house – to thank them for their time, effort and dedication over the past year. The evening was opened by Rabbi Yehoshua Ahron Sofer, Rov of Beis Yisroel Shul and founder of Misaskim Manchester. In addition to formally thanking those present for their devotion and many hours of time devoted to the organisation, he highlighted a number of recent changes that have been put in place to make the task easier. He spoke about the five Meis Mitzvos that Misaskim brought to a Kever Yisroel over the past few years. These individuals had no family members to take care of their needs, hence Misaskim took on the responsibility of the burial. However, as yet, no grave stones have been placed for the deceased. Rabbi Sofer announced that once again, the organisation has taken on this task and in a few weeks time, Misaskim will be making a public unveiling with Kaddish and Tehillim, further details of which will be announced in due course. He then continued with the Gemora that says that Betzalel was a good parnes. In what way was Betzalel a parnes, after all he built that Mishkan however was not a parnes as such? He was a parnes in the capacity that he was working for Klal Yisroel and serving a need for Klal Yisroel. The reason why he was a called a good parnes because he was happy that others helped him and he didn’t take all the credit for himself. Shiva team volunteer, Mr Ari Scherer spoke next. He explained his relationship with Misaskim started when his son was nifter r”l and Misaskim stepped in to help. He made special mention of the late Mrs Elaine

The children lined up as Rabbi Walker walked by with the Sefer Torah for the children to kiss

PHOTO: AVI YODAIKIN

Thanks for helping me secure a £15k loan Rabbi Yehoshua Ahron Sofer

Pinchevski o”h (head of the Misaskim Ladies Team) who stayed at the family’s side and supported them for many months following the passing of his son. He related how at the Shiva there was a tremendous sense of unity and caring and that by joining Misaskim it increased that sense of unity in the kehilloh. The guest speaker, Rabbi Yakov Hibert, spoke about how Misaskim have reached out to the wider community and the appreciation people have for organisation. As a Mohel, he tells the family that Avrohom Avienu was the pillar of kindness and a Bris is an auspicious time to give charity. Recently at a non affiliated Bris, when he mentioned to the family to give some tzedoka , they immediately said “yes, great idea , we will donate to Misaskim”. Misaskim was the only Jewish organization that this family have come in contact with and they wanted to support it. The Melva Malka was held in Stenecourt’s new hall with musical entertainment provided by Mr Lipa Tomlin and Mr Gedalya Richman.

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Work Avenue helped Sara to write a business plan and cash flow forecast to prove the financial viability of her business idea. We then helped secure her first round of finance to launch her new business. If you need help or advice about your business then contact us today: Call - 020 8371 3280 Visit - theworkavenue.org.uk Business advice - Start-up loans Mentoring - Networking Collaborative workspace All services listed are FREE of charge Registered with Charity Commission 1164762


BUSINESS 14 MARCH 2019

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Weekly

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Northern Ireland firms warn The end of of economic, social risks traditional telephony is just around the corner This week, Northern Ireland businesses urged British lawmakers to seek a compromise over the country’s departure from the European Union and avoid the economic and social risks the province faces. This week more than 50 businesses warned members of parliament in an open letter of the dangers of failing to unite behind a way forward that avoids a hard border and protects peace and economic progress in Northern Ireland. With Britain due to leave the EU on March 29, Prime Minister Theresa May has so far failed to secure the changes to the deal needed to gain parliamentary support, including from the pro-Brexit Northern Irish party propping up her minority government. Northern Irish business groups have for months urged the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) to drop their opposition, at the heart of which is a dispute over managing the border between the British province of Northern Ireland and EU-member Ireland. Among the signatories of the letter were major local and multinational employers including Bombardier, Coca-Cola, Danske Bank, Norbrook Laboratories, Queen’s University Belfast, the Viridian Group and Royal Bank of Scotland’s Ulster Bank unit. In the letter, they said Northern Ireland’s business community is

deeply concerned that firms are hugely exposed to the economic fallout from leaving the EU with without a deal and were already hurting from a lack of investment ahead of Brexit.

There could be significant damage to our export markets, supply chains, consumer spending power and the region’s competitiveness.

“Such a scenario will both hinder indigenous and foreign direct investment, it would result in significant job losses and will stifle opportunities for the next generation across Northern Ireland.”

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ISDN is the system that most business phones run on but its days are numbered, with BT having announced that from the end of this year, ISDN networks will no longer be purchasable, following plans to pull the plug on ISDN all together in a few years’ time. Whilst this date may seem a long way off, forward-thinking businesses need to prioritise their technology to ensure they don’t get left behind. Since ISDN was introduced many years, technology has become faster, smarter and more agile. For this reason, a lot of businesses will have already swapped out their ISDN telephony for the latest and greatest technology including SIP trunking. From BT’s perspective, they cannot afford to keep ISDN open for much longer. So what’s the answer for businesses now? Enter SIP trunking… SIP trunking provides businesses with the ability to streamline their communication costs and resources. The ultimate benefit of SIP trunking removing the need for physical phone lines, reducing costs and restrictions. With SIP, businesses can make and take calls wherever they have an internet connection, as apposed to traditional phone systems which require an ISDN line. There are many benefits of this, including: less maintenance costs, cheaper calls, a single connection for all connectivity and more! What should your business do? Look at your options now! Companies such as Alfonica are leading the way in ISDN switch-overs and can offer free advice. Find out more on www.alfonica.com.


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with Rose

With such a fast paced and vital role you must come across many hard challenges, what is the hardest challenge you’ve faced at Camp Simcha? We sometimes are trying to support families going through something incredibly sad and difficult and that never becomes any easier. We can’t medically help children, which is challenging but we can do our best to support them along a difficult journey. We don’t have a waiting list and you can’t plan for serious illness, so we never know what each day will bring and what families will be referred to us.

Daniel Gillis Head of Services at Camp Simcha

W

elcome to ‘Business with Rose’. Every week, Maxi Rose from RCUK will interview a personality personality from the world of business, economics or charity.

For the second interview in this series, Maxi sat down with a very special guest Daniel Gillis, the Head of Services at Camp Simcha - a fantastic charity that provides a range of practical and emotional support services to families coping with serious childhood illness. When a child falls seriously ill, normal family life is quickly wiped out. This is where Camp Simcha steps in with a wide range of over 20 practical, emotional and therapeutic support services which are specifically designed to help put families back together again. Since joining Camp Simcha 9 years ago, Daniel Gillis has been on a mission to build Camp Simcha’s services in a safe, secure and strategic way - ensuring they deliver to a larger group of people across the UK. What does an average day look like for the Head of Services at Camp Simcha? There is never an average day! From interviewing, training and liaising with our volunteer Big Brothers and Sisters who are then placed with families, to supporting Family Liaison Officers when they require help organising practical and emotional support for families. I also manage the services team to plan and deliver over 30 Camp Simcha parties, events and retreats every year, as well as managing many relationships and partnerships with other companies and organisations who can also support our families - it’s non-stop!

Clearly your work is very important. There are many charities within the Jewish Community but so many people, including me, have a huge respect for Camp Simcha. Why do you think Camp Simcha stands out so much? We started very small nearly 25 years ago supporting only children with cancer, as we’ve expanded to helping children with over 50 different conditions, we’ve worked hard to retain that personal, bespoke service for each We family and their individual needs. trying to

Maxi Rose CEO of RCUK With so much happening now, does Camp Simcha have a goal for the next five years? I’ve told you about the extension of our services to families with children with mental health conditions. That’s going to be a big focus for the next few years. We’re trying to make sure the message gets across that we are here for all families across the spectrum of Jewish observance and as that message continues to spread, we expect to see an increase in referrals from families with children suffering from all kinds of serious illnesses. If a business owner is reading this now and they want to get involved, what’s the best way for them to help? We work with over 100 different companies who offer us their services, such as balloons, art supplies, toys, transport, counsellors even down to office supplies as we’re always conscious of trying to keep our costs low. That’s one way a business can help, if they have a relevant service to offer, or we’d love to hear from any business owners who’d are like to sponsor any of our services.

support families going through something incredibly sad and difficult...

Your services keep expanding, could you talk about some of them? Camp Simcha has announced plans to extend its support to families who have a child with a serious mental health condition. There’s a real need for a multi-organisational response to the growing needs of the community in this area. The issue of the mental health of our children has now become too big for any one charity to deal with alone. It needs multiple organisations, working at it, applying their own specialisms. We plan to work, in close cooperation with colleagues at Jami, Norwood and other agencies, to deliver what Camp Simcha does best – whole family pastoral care: practical and emotional support services – to families who have a child with a serious mental health condition. Camp Simcha’s stated mission is to be there for every family that needs us. With this extension of our services the list is complete: we will now truly be able to support families coping with any and EVERY serious childhood illness. Initially the plan is to begin offering support to a pilot group of families who have a child who has been hospitalised or on extended school absence as a result of their mental health condition. For example, severe OCD, eating disorders, anxiety… we will be working with a Mental Health Professional who will join our team and who will assess every family before any pastoral support services are put in place.

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14 MARCH 2019

Thank you, Daniel, that’s fantastic to hear and it’s amazing to see how fast Camp Simcha respond to families who need you.

Do you want to help Camp Simcha? There are many ways in which you can support the charity, not only financially, but through giving your time. Whether you wish to make an online donation, run a marathon, volunteer or leave a legacy, there are a number of ways you can get involved. To find out more visit www.campsimcha.org.uk or call 020 8202 9297.


14 MARCH 2019

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Debenhams' Cash or no cash shares soar as what’s the future? Ashley attempts boardroom coup Shares in Debenhams soared after Mike Ashley launched an attempted boardroom coup at the troubled department store chain. They have been rocketing up to 40% in trading earlier this week. Over at Sports Direct, shares initially fell by 2% at the start of the week in response to the retail tycoon's plan to step down from the firm he founded back in 1982 and take the helm at struggling retailer, but this has fluctuated through the week. Under the move, Sports Direct is seeking to remove of all but one of the current Debenhams board members and put the billionaire in charge of the business, which earlier this week issued a fresh profit warning citing higher turnaround costs. Mr Ashley, who through Sports Direct is the largest shareholder in Debenhams with a 30% holding, was instrumental in ousting its chief executive and chairman from the board two months ago. Debenhams has indicated its existing board will resist the move - saying it was "disappointed" by the action and it was "focused on delivering the restructuring of its balance sheet". But shareholders could be in the market for a shake-up under Mr Ashley, having seen the value of their holdings plunge steadily since 2015 - by 85% last year alone. If successful, Mr Ashley would step down from his current roles as a director and chief executive of Sports Direct - and be replaced by deputy finance boss Chris Wootton in an acting capacity. Mr Ashley, who owns Newcastle United, has set his sights firmly on the department store sector - snapping up House of Fraser following its collapse last August and revealing an ambition to turn the chain into the "Harrods of the high street". In an exclusive interview with Sky's Ian King at the end of last year, Mr Ashley revealed that House of Fraser could be merged with Debenhams.

Cash is at risk of disappearing without action from regulators and the government, according to a major report published at the start of this week. The system which underpins the use of notes and coins was at risk of falling apart, the Access to Cash Review concluded. Millions of people would be lost without cash, it said, but there is a clear trend towards digital payments. There have been huge debates around this subject on social media and the news all week.

Hot weather unable to stem shopper decline in February Last month saw the biggest fall in five years in people visiting stores during February, according to the British Retail Consortium and Springboard. Footfall among shoppers fell by 2% year-on-year across High Streets, retail parks and shopping centres. It marked the fifteenth month in a row of falls, with Northern Ireland the only part of the UK to buck the trend. Diane Wehrle, insights director, said the overall decline came despite unusually warm weather

in February. Ms Wehrle added: "The record temperatures only occurred in the final week of the month, when footfall rose by 2.5% compared with drops in each of the preceding three weeks, averaging 3.6%. "Indeed, the balmy conditions certainly helped High Streets where footfall rose by 4.5% in the last week of the month, compared with an average drop of 4.1% in the preceding three weeks."

Is Nokia enjoying a comeback? Two years ago, HMD Global took the rights to the brand name Nokia. The Finnish Start-up was founded by former Nokia managers. HMD Global have been on a mission to bring about a Nokia comeback and so far, it has been quite a success. The Nokia range of phones is present in over 100 countries with 70 million devices sold in 2017 and an increased number is expected for 2019. The mobile market is contracting but Nokia’s sales are flourishing - currently, Nokia is the 4th largest mobile manufacturer in Europe. There are several reasons for a successful comeback, one being that Nokia has survived a turbulent market,

and the customer’s positive memories of Nokia are protected through nostalgia. In addition, it is one of the few European brands on the market, even if the production is of course also in China. HMD Global are also pushing traditional Nokia qualities into their newer models, including robustness, clean design and reliability. New Nokia smartphones are also installed with the pure ‘Android One’, an operating system which sees three years of guaranteed monthly security updates.

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Manchester Mesivta Celebrates 70 Years Manchester Mesivta – formerly known as Manchester Jewish Grammar School held a Gala Dinner on Sunday night to celebrate 70 years since the school was founded in 1949. The impressive event took place at the exclusive Vermillion venue, and was attended by hundreds of people who wanted to demonstrate their support and appreciation for one of the oldest and foremost mosdos hachinuch in Manchester. The guests were welcomed by Mr Avrom Topperman, Chair of Governors. Mr Topperman has led his team of governors for five years and has been very involved with the practical running of the whole school. The theme was ‘An Evening of Inspiration and Appreciation’. The Chairman described some of the siyata dishmaya that has accompanied the school since its inception. Indeed, he said that the whole existence of the school was l’maalah mi’derech hatevah on a miraculous plane. He thanked his colleagues and all those who have continually worked so hard to ensure the smooth running of the school, and those who had been responsible for the success of the evening. Manchester Jewish Grammar School, as it was then known, was in the vanguard of Jewish education in its early years. Before there were any other Jewish senior schools, the aim of the school was to provide the highest level of limudei kodesh and together with a superb secular education. This concept was approved by such luminaries as Dayan Weiss zt”l and Harav Yehudah Zev Segal Manchester Rosh Yeshivah zt”l who were amongst the moisad’s first Governors! The school has remained steadfastly faithful to its mission over the seven decades that have passed since then until today. Although many other Jewish schools have since been built, Manchester Mesivta has a unique

Enjoying the dinner

PHOTO: VAN MARTIN

record of providing first-class education. Mesivta boys have graduated to the best yeshivos around the world, and are equipped to follow a professional career if they should so wish. During the evening, two professionally produced videos were screened to show various aspects of the daily routine in the Mesivta. An impressive range of activities were shown, including the interaction between the boys and the members of the Kollel Meleches Machsheves that learns in the Mesivta Beis Hamedrash and has an invaluable influence on the students. Rabbi Binyomin Sulzbacher, School Menahel gave an overview of the school history, the state of the school now and his vision for the future. Rabbi Sulzbacher said that the key to their success was the nedivus lev the urging of the heart. This was the foundation on which the Mishkan was built, and remains the vital element for all avodas Hashem throughout the generations. He commended the self-sacrifice of all those

involved in the running of the school. Mesivta, he said, was firmly committed to building the next generation. In fact, the school is anticipating having a record number of about 200 students in the next scholastic year. The Guest Speaker was Rabbi Yehoshua Hartman, Head of the 6th form Beis Hamedrash program at Hasmonean High School, London and author of a monumental work on sifrei Maharal. Rabbi Hartman held his audience enthralled with his inspiring words on chinuch and his warm praises of Manchester Mesivta. Since rebbeim are sheluchim emissaries on behalf of parents, they must show equal love and care for the children in their charge. A mechanech provides a bridge for his talmid to be able to connect to Hashem. He received resounding applause when he declared that every member of the Mesivta staff was special since they really cared for each individual boy. Presentations were made to Mr Phaivish Pink and Mr Yossi Lipsey for their many

Rabbi Yehoshua Hartman

PHOTO: VAN MARTIN

years of devoted service to the school. Both of them have taken leading roles in developing the high standards that are the hallmark of Mesivta. Mr Pink and Mr Lipsey both spoke about the teaching ethos and the early history of the school. They thanked all the present and past governors of the school. The Gala Dinner was hosted by Mr and Mrs Norman Younger. Norman was himself a past student of the school and expressed his gratitude to the school. Musical entertainment was provided throughout the evening by the Asaf Flumi Orchestra. They accompanied Buchi Gluck and the Sameach Choir, together with guest appearance of Baruch Levine. Mr Irving Shapiro was honoured with bensching. Presentation volumes of chidushim on Megilas Esther written by the school’s staff and talmidim were distributed together with a souvenir brochure to remember an evening that was a true ‘Inspiration and Appreciation’.

Manchester councillors seminar More than 40 councillors from across the North West of England learned about the Jewish community at a councillor seminar on Sunday organised by the Board of Deputies, Jewish Leadership Council and the Jewish Representative Council of Greater Manchester and Region. There were a significant number of council leaders and cabinet members in attendance, including the Executive Mayor of Salford, Paul Dennett. Many of the councillors were keen to learn more about the Jewish community, especially in light of tensions between the Labour Party and British Jews. The seminar covered a wide range of issues including Jewish social care sector, Israel, education and the Strictly Orthodox Jewish community with sector leaders from different parts of the Jewish community talking through the areas of expertise. Among other speakers were Chief Executive of the Nicky Alliance Day Centre, Michelle Wiseman, the Principal of Broughton Jewish Primary School, Rabbi Yehuda Perlman and the Director of We

The panel at the Manchester councillors seminar

Believe in Israel, Luke Akehurst and the Director of Community Services at The Fed, Bernie Garner. Board of Deputies Senior Vice President Dr Sheila Gewolb urged Manchester councillors to sign up to the organisation’s Jewish Manifesto for Local Government

and support their Jewish constituents. She said: “These are anxious times for the Jewish community in the UK, with growing antisemitism and political turmoil. You can help Jews in your area by signing up to the Jewish Manifesto and its 10 Local Commitments, by consulting your local

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Jewish representatives and listening to both the aspirations and the fears of your constituents.” Marc Levy, North West External Affairs Manager, Jewish Leadership Council, said: “It is vital that our community engages with council leaders and local Councillors. I am pleased that so many Councillors have taken the time to learn more about the Jewish community by seeing first-hand the tremendous work being undertaken by so many of our member organisations. I look forward to continuing the discussion as to how we can work together over the coming months.” Jay Charara, Vice Chair and Public Relations, Jewish Representative Council of Greater Manchester and Region said: Considering the current political climate and the increase of antisemitism in British politics, we felt that it was important to engage with local and regional councillors from all parties in order to present a true and accurate picture of the Jewish community in Greater Manchester and the wider region.


28

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Looking for answers? Send your question to Rabbi@RabbiSchochet.com There’s No Place for Hate! Dear Rabbi A senior rabbi is alleged to have spoken on Shabbat and referred to the Dayanim of the London Beth Din as being corrupt and also spoke disparagingly about the Chief Rabbi, advising all his congregants to do the opposite of whatever the Chief Rabbi says. Is it ever right for a Rabbi to use his pulpit for this purpose and is it ever acceptable to make such allegations? Yakov Dear Yakov In a word or two – no and no. There was a voice note circulating right after Shabbat where someone was giving a breathless account of what this rabbi supposedly said on Shabbat. The voice on the recording was so impassioned about what his rabbi had to say and suggesting that everyone in the congregation was uplifted from the speech. How pray tell, does one get uplifted from a rabbi maligning other rabbis? If it’s true, what does that say about the congregation, and I suppose they then deserve the rabbi they have. If it’s not true, then the source of the voice note ought to get up in front of his whole community and ask forgiveness for suggesting they get spiritually uplifted from supposed venom spewed by their rabbi. Should a pulpit be used for speaking lashon hora? Never, ever. Even when certain knowledge is in the public domain, there will always be

those oblivious to rumours, and bringing it to their attention, from the pulpit, on Shabbat, is unconscionable. Moreover, if, as is reported, disparaging things were supposedly said about the Dayanim of the London Beth Din, referring to them as corrupt and apparently suggesting that they’re blinded by the money they get paid, that is tale-bearing, gossiping, malicious slander and every other associated offence rolled into one. Furthermore, if, as reported, apparent denigrating remarks were made about the Chief Rabbi, and equating listening to him is like listening to the Nazis – “always do the opposite of what he says,” then the onus is on the synagogual body to which the Rabbi belongs – in this case the Union of Orthodox Hebrew Congregations - to censor him and make him publically apologise for his remarks. Otherwise they are complicit. What with Purim coming up, it is worthwhile remembering the words of Haman when describing the Jewish nation to the king, “They are dispersed amongst the nations.” The commentaries observe that it is the dispersion, the divisiveness that makes us ripe for the picking and in peril. Thus the immediate antidote was when Queen Esther’s immediate instruction was, “go and gather all the Jewish people.” Rehabilitation happens through unity. If rabbis use their pulpits to feed into Haman’s diatribe, then they are directly responsible for bringing the Jewish community

Tehillim Psalm 89 In this psalm, the psalmist begs Hashem to finally bring an end to Jewish suffering, specifically by sending Mashiach, a king to be anointed by Hashem to lead the Jewish people in serving Him as David once did. The psalm invokes the promise to David that Hashem made when David himself was anointed, where Hashem praised David’s devoted service and promised David that the future Mashiach would be chosen from among his descendants. However, G-d also anticipated in that very covenant the eventuality that some of David’s descendants might go astray. This, together with the sins of the Jewish nation would eventually countermand the blessings of Hashem

into jeopardy. Rabbis are meant to teach and pulpits are intended to be used to inspire. It’s not too late to be conciliatory and embrace the dictum of Esther such that, as per the end of the Megillah, “to the Jews there was light and joy and gladness and honour.”

Can I date without marriage? Dear Rabbi Is it wrong for me to date my non-Jewish friend if I have no intention of marrying him? Judy Dear Judy Not any more so than sitting in front of a fry-up at McDonalds with an empty stomach and promising yourself you won’t eat. You’d have to be either masochistic or enjoy playing with fire. Either way, it is wrong for us to walk down the path of temptation, lest we stumble.

Is It Right to Drink on Purim? Dear Rabbi Last year my son got arrested on Purim because he was driving while under the influence. He was nineteen at the time and the peer pressure from his friends encouraged him. I am all for having a good time but can you please get a message out there that people should drink responsibly. Anonymous Dear Anon A policeman was sitting in his car outside a Purim party

hoping to catch someone on the night. He got very excited when he saw one man come staggering out of the party swaying to and fro holding a set of car keys. The policeman fixed his eyes on him waiting with glee. The guy tried one car, then another. The policeman was delighted – it had made his wait worthwhile. Meanwhile people are leaving the party but this policeman had his prey – waiting to pounce. Finally the guy gets into the right car, and first the window wipers go on. Then the radio is blaring. More and more people are leaving the party and finally when all is still, this man starts up his engine and proceeds to drive. The policeman – his moment

has arrived – zooms out in front of him and orders him out of the car. The man gets out. “Blow into this.” The man blows into the breathalyser. Nothing. The policeman changes it for another one. Still nothing. “These must be broken. You’re going to have to come down to the station with me.” The man looks up to him: “You know you’re wasting your time don’t you?” The policeman looks to him: “Why’s that?” “Because I’m tonight’s designated decoy.” Drinking on Purim is a mitzvah. Putting yourself in danger is a sin. So drink responsibly; do it for all the right reasons – to engender happiness – and don’t do anything stupid.

Follow Rabbi Schochet at: RabbiSchochet.com Twitter: @RabbiYYS Facebook: facebook.com/Rabbiyys.

This Tehillim is in memory of Hayeled Yaakov Moshe ben HaRav Ahraham

and bring suffering down on themselves. But even so, G-d assures us that the longed-for Mashiach would ultimately be anointed and would revive the glory of the Davidic line. This is the focus of the psalm, calling upon Hashem to end the Galus and anoint His Mashiach. To achieve this goal the psalm invokes two critical qualities by which Hashem has managed His relationship with the Jewish people and mankind in general. These are known as chesed (kindness) and emunah (faithfulness). Chesed is an expression of Hashem’s innate goodness, a quality of kindness that creates blessings for His creatures. Emunah is an expression of Hashem’s innate truth, the

integrity that assures He will be faithful to His word. The original covenant with David was a product of Hashem’s chesed. The anticipated fulfillment of that covenant, even though delayed, will be a product of His emunah. Although the plea to end the Galus is the focus of this relatively long psalm, it does not appear until the final verses. The earlier parts of the psalm are concerned with establishing the context in terms of the covenant with David and its difficult history. To sponsor a Tehillim for £36 call 0203 906 8488 or email office@thejewishweekly.com

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Haftarah p.1134Vayikra Vol.31 No.28.qxp_Layout 1 25/02/2019 11:41 Page 3 Haftarah p.76 Haftarah p.113 Leftover Ink

by Rabbi Emanuel Levy, Palmers Green and Southgate United Synagogue

When Moshe descended explains the left-over ink which Moshe passed from Mount Sinai with over his brow. the Tablets of the Ten Commandments, his face Whether the rays of glory came from the word shone with an unusual Vayikra Vol.31 No.28.qxp_Layout 1 25/02/2019 Pageanav 2 or the word vayikra, the lesson is the same. radiance (see Shemot11:41 34:30). It was Moshe’s great humility that led him to The Midrash explains the make these changes. Paradoxically, the reason for this phenomenon: greatness of Moshe, as revealed in the Divine “On Mount Sinai, Moshe wrote down the words gift of those special rays, lay in his very humility. of the Torah as dictated to him by Hashem. Moshe was so self-effacing, denying his many As he was writing with an ink quill, a little of the accomplishments, yet his great humility was Sidrah ink was left Summary: over, which he Vayikra passed over his revealed on his face to the rest of the people. In brow; from this, the rays of glory were formed”. keeping his humility, he did notcontravened feel that he A Kohenwith Gadol who accidentally 1st Aliya (Kohen) – Vayikra 1:1-13 was better thanprohibitions anyone else, the specific serious hadindicated to bring by a bull, The Book of Vayikra starts by detailing the olah fact that: “Moshe didburned not know thatmizbeach; his face was If Moshe was using special Divine ink, why was parts of which were on the the (elevation) offering. One who brought an offering radiant withburned light” (Shemot were outside 34:29). the camp. A similar he given small upon amount more thanThe was rest had to layeven their ahands it (semicha). necessary? The OrofHachaim (Rabbi ibn process had to be done if the High Court’s shechita (slaughter) the animal could Chaim be done ruling caused an accidental by a non-Kohen, but the thereafter Altar, d. 1743) answers thisprocesses question by referring (Sanhedrin) (catching the blood and sprinkling it on the altar) to the words in parashat Behalotecha: “And transgression by the people. If a king (referred 1 were performed only by the(anav) Kohanim. Moshe was more humble than The any olah other to here as Nasi) accidentally transgressed certain mitzvot, he had to bring a male goat as an offering. offering was cut up12: and3) allwhich of theMoshe pieces himself were man” (Bemidbar burned on the mizbeach (altar). The verses detail an wrote down. On account of his great humility, 6th Aliya (Shishi) – 4:27-5:10 olah offering from sheepso or he goats. Moshe did brought not want to cattle, write this, wrote The variable offering (korban oleh ve’yored) was the Aliya word(Levi) anav, meaning humble, defectively, dependent on the financial means of the person 2nd – 1:14-2:6 leaving thedetails letterthe yudlaws (y) from He who brought it – it could be an animal, birds or flour. The Torahout now of an the olahword. offering did thisfrom in fowl. orderThetoprocess detract from the his fowl own This offering was brought by someone who brought of killing differed from an animal offering;for notably, the Kohen importance. This accounted the left-over ink intentionally refused to testify as a witness or who made a false oath. It was also brought by one who used his fingernail instead of a knife. It was referred to in the (melika) Midrash.

In loving memory of Devorah Bat Avraham

Vayikra Vol.31 No.28.qxp_Layout 1 25/02/2019 11:41 Page 2

Sidrah Summary: Vayikra 1st Aliya (Kohen) – Vayikra 1:1-13 The Book of Vayikra starts by detailing the olah (elevation) offering. One who brought an offering had to lay their hands upon it (semicha). The shechita (slaughter) of the animal could be done by a non-Kohen, but the processes thereafter (catching the blood and sprinkling it on the altar) were performed only by the Kohanim. The olah offering was cut up and all of the pieces were burned on the mizbeach (altar). The verses detail an olah offering brought from cattle, sheep or goats. 2nd Aliya (Levi) – 1:14-2:6 The Torah now details the laws of an olah offering brought from fowl. The process of killing the fowl differed from an animal offering; notably, the Kohen used his fingernail (melika) instead of a knife. It was also possible to bring an offering from fine flour (mincha), a handful of which was mixed with oil and thrown onto the altar’s fire. The rest was baked and eaten by the Kohanim. Question: On what side of the altar was the leftover parts of the fowl offering thrown? (1:16) Answer on page 6. Point to Consider: From what stage could the service of the meal offering be performed only by Kohanim (see Rashi to 2:2) 3rd Aliya (Shlishi) – 2:7-16 Several voluntary meal offerings are listed, some baked, some fried. These offerings had to be unleavened. Every offering – whether animal, fowl or flour – had salt added to it. The laws of the Torah of the parched Omer offering are stated, which was brought on 16 Nisan (Rashi). 4th Aliya (Revi’i) – 3:1-17 A voluntary peace offering (shelamim) could be brought from cattle, sheep or goats. Only parts of it were burned on the mizbeach – other parts were eaten by the Kohanim and by the person who brought the offering (see Rashi). 5th Aliya (Chamishi) – 4:1-26 People were commanded to bring sin offerings (chata’ot) for various inadvertent transgressions.

A Kohen Gadol who accidentally contravened specific serious prohibitions had to bring a bull, parts of which were burned on the mizbeach; the rest were burned outside the camp. A similar process had to be done if the High Court’s (Sanhedrin) ruling caused an accidental transgression by the people. If a king (referred to here as Nasi) accidentally transgressed certain mitzvot, he had to bring a male goat as an offering. 6th Aliya (Shishi) – 4:27-5:10 The variable offering (korban oleh ve’yored) was dependent on the financial means of the person who brought it – it could be an animal, birds or flour. This offering was brought by someone who intentionally refused to testify as a witness or who made a false oath. It was also brought by one who accidentally entered parts of the Temple (Beit Hamikdash) or touched sanctified objects when in a state of ritual impurity. 7th Aliya (Shevi’i) – 5:11-26 An individual who unintentionally derived benefit from sanctified objects had to bring a male ram as a guilt offering (asham), as well as paying for the ‘damage’ and adding an additional fifth to the cost. An asham was also brought by someone who was not sure whether they had inadvertently committed the type of sin for which one would normally bring a chatat. Maftir (Devarim 25:17-19) The special reading for Parashat Zachor is from the end of Parashat Ki Tetze, commanding us to remember how the Amalekite nation started a war against the Israelites after they left Egypt, as well as the imperative to eradicate Amalek.

also possible to bring an offering from fine flour (mincha), a handful of which was mixed with oil and Rabbi Ezra Altshuler Vienoti (d.was 1938) asksand the thrown onto the altar’s of fire. The rest baked sameby question about the surplus ink. He quotes eaten the Kohanim.

the Ba’al Hatturim (Rabbi Yaakov Ben Asher 7th Aliya (Shevi’i) – 5:11-26 Question: On what side of the altar was the An individual who unintentionally derived benefit d. 1343) in his comments at the beginning of from sanctified objects had to bring a male ram leftover parts ofin the fowl offering thrown? our sidrah, which the very first (1:16) word as a guilt offering (asham), as well as paying for Answer on page 6. ‘Vayikra’ (arqyv) is written with a small aleph (a) at the ‘damage’ and adding an additional fifth to the Point to Consider: From what stage could the the end, so that it could be read ‘Vayikar’. This service of the meal offering be performed only cost. An asham was also brought by someone who was an expression used in reference to the evil was not sure whether they had inadvertently by Kohanim (see Rashi to 2:2) prophet Bilam, indicating that Hashem met committed the type of sin for which one would Bilam chance”. This is in contrast to the normally bring a chatat. 3rd Aliya“by (Shlishi) – 2:7-16 Several voluntary meal offerings are that listed,Hashem some word ‘Vayikra’, which means baked, fried. These offerings hadAgain, to be in Maftir (Devarim 25:17-19) “called”some to Moshe, as a sign of love. The special reading for Parashat Zachor is from unleavened. Every offering – whether animal,Moshe fowl order to downplay his own importance, or flour had salt added to word it. The‘Vayikra’ laws of the Torah did not–wish to write the in full, so the end of Parashat Ki Tetze, commanding us to of parched stated, which hethewrote it Omer with offering a smallarealeph. With was this remember how the Amalekite nation started a war against the Israelites after they left Egypt, as well brought on 16 NisanAltschuler (Rashi). comment, Rabbi as the imperative to eradicate Amalek. 4th Aliya (Revi’i) – 3:1-17 Haftarah for Parashat Zachor A voluntary peace offering (shelamim) could be The prophet Shmuel (Samuel) relates how brought from goats. Only parts of it In memory ofcattle, Harav sheep Yisraelorben Eliyahu King Shaul (Saul) defeated Amalek, but took pity were burned of on Harav the mizbeach other parts were In memory Yisrael –ben Eliyahu eaten by the Kohanim and by the person who on their king, Agag. In defiance of a Divine command, Shaul refrained from killing Agag, as brought the offering (see Rashi). well as sparing his cattle. Shmuel rebuked Shaul 5th Aliya (Chamishi) – 4:1-26 and told him that he would lose the monarchy People were commanded to bring sin offerings because of this misplaced mercy. Shmuel himself (chata’ot) for various inadvertent transgressions. then killed Agag.

Haftarah for Parashat Zachor The prophet Shmuel (Samuel) relates how King Shaul (Saul) defeated Amalek, but took pity on their king, Agag. In defiance of a Divine command, Shaul refrained from killing Agag, as well as sparing his cattle. Shmuel rebuked Shaul and told him that he would lose the monarchy because of this misplaced mercy. Shmuel himself then killed Agag.

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accidentally entered parts of the Temple (Beit Hamikdash) or touched sanctified objects when in a state of ritual impurity.

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United Synagogue Daf Hashavua Produced by US Living & Learning together with the Rabbinical Council of the United Synagogue Editor: Rabbi Chaim Gross Editor-in-Chief: Rabbi Baruch Davis Editorial Team: Rabbi Daniel Sturgess, Rabbi Michael Laitner, Sharon Radley Available also via email US website www.theus.org.uk ©United Synagogue To sponsor Daf Hashavua please contact Danielle Fox on 020 8343 6261, or dfox@theus.org.uk If you have any comments or questions regarding Daf Hashavua please email rabbigross@theus.org.uk 2


to think thatTorah we are in charge wholeheartedly and with absolute faithroyalty” in God. and that we start 5:1). (by everything prayers for her own safety andTemima that of her tense episode in which(Esther was risking her The life, yet it is clear that she was Alternatively, weto might depends onsometimes us, being quick By approaching the royal court uninvited, she of our own fate. We could think that beloved nation. Esther, having been granted Rabbi Baruch Epstein d. 1941) explains this willing to take the chance for the sake of her either place blame or take credit, depending on to ta Vayikra Vol.31 No.28.qxp_Layout 1 25/02/2019 11:41 Page was 4 concentrate on prayer and fail risking her life, yet permission it is clear that wastheeverything depends on us, being quick to to she enter people. 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We(ibid.). tooZohar remarkable balance between faith in God and by Rebbetzen Sarah Proops, Graduate ofcircumstances the Chief Rabbi’s Ma’ayan Programme standing across fromof Achashverosh, but more explains that she was not simply personal to be referring “majesty” of King appropriate action. taking the appropriate amo action or responsibility Theverse Zohar explains that to shethewas notThe simply hishtadlut, should pray for help and success before we hishtadlut, takingamount the appropriate amount of Shaul (Saul), Esther's ancestor, who was givenacross from Achashverosh, but more standing across from Achashverosh, butstanding more for the situation, relying on God to do all the embark on any project, venture or 'mission'. personal action. personal action. It is important to note that after Mordechai the originalshe mission the nation felt of as destroying though she was of work for us. Chapter five of Megillat significantly, persuaded Esther to come to the aid of the Amalek, of whom Haman was a descendant. It Esther begins with the standing in front of God’s Temple, offering Jewish nation, she took to her assigned task Yet there a danger that our Megilla ego maythat takeEsther over was isat in the forthis herpoint and of hertook In contrast to both of these modes of behaviour, tense episode in which prayers we start toown thinksafety that we arethat in charge wholeheartedly and with absolute faith in God. and that this mission upon herself. Esther, having been granted beloved nation. Esther did not forget the importance of the role By approaching the royal court uninvited, she of our own fate. We could think that permission to enter the God would play in the outcome, yet at the same was risking her life, yet it is clear that she was everything depends on us, being quick to King's court, invites We The Zohar, the foundational text offrom Jewish time she was aware that she had to be proactive an extremely important lesson willing to take the chance for the sake of her either learn place blame or take credit, depending on Achashverosh, together Esther’s mysticism, gives us can a tremendous insight actions, which provide a guide as into and do all she could to ensure the most positive people. The Megilla tells us that when she the eventual outcome. with Haman, to a private Esther’s mindset at this time. When describing to how we should approach challenging outcome, even risking her life by asking for a approached the King she was “clothed in party. her waitingthat in the thetoo verse meeting with Achashverosh. Esther struck a circumstances may inner come courtyard, our way. We royalty” (Esther 5:1). The Torah Temima (by Alternatively, sometimes we king’s mightpalace” solely(ibid.). refers to Esther “facing should pray for help and the success before we Rabbi Baruch Epstein d. 1941) explains this concentrate on project, prayer venture and fail to takenotthesimply remarkable balance between faith in God and The Zohar explains that she was embark on any or 'mission'. It is toimportant to note after Mordechai hishtadlut, taking the appropriate amount of verse be referring to thethat “majesty” of King appropriate amount of action or responsibility standing across from Achashverosh, but more personal action. persuaded Esther toancestor, come towho the was aid given of the for the Shaul (Saul), Esther's 4 In memory of David Yochanan ben Moshe situation, relying on God to do all the Jewish nation, sheoftook to her the assigned the original mission destroying nation task of work Yet there is a danger that our ego may take over for us. 4 In memory of David Yochanan ben Moshe and that we start to think that we are in charge wholeheartedly with was absolute faith in God. Amalek, of whomand Haman a descendant. It Vayikra No.28.qxp_Layout 1 court 25/02/2019 Page 5 Vayikra Vol.31 No.28.qxp_Layout 1 25/02/2019 11:41 Page 6 ByVol.31 approaching she was at this point inthe theroyal Megilla thatuninvited, Esther11:41 took of our own fate. We could think that In contrast to both of these modes of behaviour, was riskingupon her life, yet it is clear that she was everything depends on us, being quick to this mission herself. Esther did not forget the importance of the role to take the chance for the of her either place blame or take credit, depending on Inwilling memory of David Yochanan bensake Moshe God would play in the outcome, yet at the same people. ThetheMegilla tells ustext thatofwhen she the eventual outcome. The Zohar, foundational Jewish time she was aware that she had to be proactive In memory of David Yochanan ben Moshe approached the King she was “clothed in mysticism, gives us a tremendous insight into and do all she could to ensure the most positive royalty” (Esther 5:1). The Torah Temima (by Esther’s mindset at this time. When describing Alternatively, sometimes we might solely Jewish Contemporary Ethics Part 22:even Judaism, Democratic If He had taken us to Sinai but not given us the Torah... outcome, risking her life by asking for a Rabbi Baruch Epstein d. 1941) explains this concentrate on prayer and fail to take the her waiting in the inner courtyard, the verse by Danny Baigel, Director of Jewish Education, Immanuel College meeting with Achashverosh. Esther struck a Law and Autonomous Morality IV versetotoEsther be referring to the “majesty” of King appropriate amount of action or responsibility refers “facing the king’s palace” (ibid.). remarkable balance between faith in God and byZohar Rabbi Dr. Moshe Freedman, New West for Endthe Synagogue Shaul (Saul), Esther's ancestor, who given The explains that she was notwas simply situation, relying on God to do all of the hishtadlut, taking the appropriate amount The Revelation at Sinai, which can be very impactful on students’ lives – the original mission of destroying the nation of work for us. standing across from Achashverosh, but more personal action. where the Jewish People whether it's Kabbalat Shabbat on a school Amalek, of whom Haman was a descendant. It The Rambam himself cautions against those The previous article in this of David Yochanan ben Moshe completed their journey4 Shabbaton, Shacharit at sunrise on a Year 9 was at this point inseries the Megilla that Esther took whoIn memory indicated that there seek to stifle their own intellect in the In contrast to both of these modes of behaviour, from slavery to freedom Israel Trip or singing Am Yisrael Chai on a Year this mission upon herself. service of God. He writes that some would is significant reason to Esther did not forget the importance of the role with the acceptance of 12 trip to Poland. These are often the prefer that play Divine law should have no acknowledge the existence God would in the outcome, yet at the same the Torah, was without unquantifiable moments of growth and change rational explanation, lest it imply the of ethical behaviour which time The Zohar, the foundational text of Jewish she was aware that she had to be proactive doubt one of history's that we have to cherish and embrace. These existence of could a human component Divine is anot mandated insight within into the and mysticism, gives us tremendous do all she to ensure the mostinpositive most important educational experiences inspire us, as we continue to and When Oral Torah and outcome, wisdom. even In fact, Rabbi Amital cites Rabbi Esther’s mindset atWritten this time. describing risking her life by asking for a moments. However, when you examine God's develop in our relationship with God and with is therefore outside of the her waiting in the inner courtyard, the verse meeting Avraham with Yitzchak HaKohen Esther Kook (d. 1935), Achashverosh. struck a ‘lesson plan’ at Sinai, the teaching methodology other people. refers to Esther “facing the king’s (ibid.). remarkable the first balance Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of strictly prescribed halacha. Many palace” contemporary between faith in God and seems surprising. The Zohar explains she was simply Mandatory taking Palestine, who maintains Jewish scholars have that associated thisnot ethic with hishtadlut, the appropriate amount that of Following the Giving of Torah at Mount Sinai, standing across from Achashverosh, but more of personal there isaction. a critical relationship between the concept of Natural Morality, a description Most schools aim to cater for the individual and the Talmud teaches that Moshe taught the the inherent common value system within the autonomous morality and yirat Shamayim care for the educational needs of each student. nation the Torah in a more content-focused way, human conscience. For example, whilst murder, – awe of Heaven. He goes on to say that the Small class sizes, opportunities for discussion in smaller groups, with closer attention and 4 Intheft memory of David Yochanan ben Moshe self-suppression of one’s own natural morality and violence are prohibited by the Torah, and close pastoral care are all approaches that support for each individual. most people would anyway intuit the immorality not only fails to strengthen a personal educational experts encourage. Yet the teaching of such actions. connection to God, it actively defiles it (Orot of Torah at Mount Sinai seems to take an Rabbi Jonathan Sacks questions why the aweHaKodesh 3:11). As mentioned earlier in this opposite approach. There were millions of inspiring, life-changing episode of the Former Israeli cabinet minister and Rosh series, a variety of Jewish philosophers identify people in one classroom (Mount Sinai), with one Revelation at Sinai was followed by the far less Yeshiva, Rabbi Yehudah Amital (d. 2010) the neshamah (soul) as the basis for human teacher (God), who was conveying the same dramatic, prescriptive set of laws in parashat understands mankind being made “in the image intellect, emotional intelligence and moral message to a demographic which ranged Mishpatim. He explains that “God is in the of God” (Bereshit 1:27) as God “endowing him sensitivities. Our soul in turn is rooted in God’s from babies to great-grandparents. In addition, details”; Judaism is not simply a religion of with moral sensitivity and a conscience”. Thus essence and so our awe of God is incomplete the environment was far from cushioning – passion and prophecy, but one of routine and far we have highlighted the subjectivity of without the engagement of our own moral there was thunder, lightning and the awesome commitment, with a close emphasis on the mankind’s moral conscience, but based on a faculties. sound of the shofar ringing at the same time. At minutiae. It is the hard work that is invested 4 In memory David Yochanan ben Moshe rabbinic variety of of classic and contemporary first glance, this does not seem to be the following moments of inspiration which allows sources, Rabbi Amital argues persuasively that What are we then to do, when we sense a most conducive learning environment. So why us to truly develop as individuals. our naturally inherent and autonomous value dissonance between our natural sense of right did God give the Torah in such a manner? system is an essential part of who we are and and wrong, and that which God has explicitly Inspiration balanced with perspiration is the commanded? Having laid the groundwork, what we can – and must – become. Rabbi Moshe Lichtenstein (Rosh Yeshiva of essence of Jewish education. As educators, we are now ready to shift focus and begin to Har Etzion d. 2015) suggests that an answer we try to facilitate both the momentous and This requires significant consideration, for the discuss how our sages and commentators can be found in Dayenu, which we sing on the mundane. In doing so we hope to instil in Rambam (Maimonides d. 1204) makes it clear have grappled with questions such as capital Seder night: “If He had taken us close to Sinai our students a passion and commitment for that following God’s revelation at Sinai and the punishment, slavery, and the command to wipe but not given us the Torah, it would have been Judaism that will last beyond their years giving of the Torah, whatever we do or refrain out the nation of Amalek, as detailed in today’s enough”. in school. from doing is only because of God’s command maftir reading. through Moshe. One might legitimately ask Based on these words, Rabbi Lichtenstein therefore what purpose Natural Morality serves suggests that it was not the content of God's following the Sinai revelation. Yet while some words that was the focus of the Sinai might see Natural Morality as an unnecessary experience, but rather the experience itself (i.e. threat to the integrity of the Torah, Rabbi Amital “bringing us close to Sinai”). The focus was for points out that such a view seemingly detaches the Israelites to witness God, in His power and the “connection between God [as the] Creator of might, at the start of their journey as a new man, and God [as the] Giver of the Torah, as if nation. that which God implanted in man’s heart does not belong to God” (Jewish Values in a An important message for educators is to Changing World, p. 23). remember the power of experiential education,

Purim: Striking the Right Balance

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Torah from Israel Vayikra - Fusion of Body and Soul BY RABBI MOSHE TARAGIN Parshat Vayikra lists the various sacrifices or korbanot and their respective procedures. Korbanot punctuate important and potentially transformative life cycle moments: moments of elation and gratitude (korban todah), moments of religious equanimity (shelamim), moments of religious swell (olah) and, of course, moments of historical Covenant (korban pesach). Perhaps the most potent emotional “moment” frames a korban chatat –a sacrifice offered to enable recovery from sin and religious failure. Even though a failure may have been unintentional (shogeg), it, none the less generates guilt and remorse. Processing these crucial emotions, as well as learning to move on from guilt are each essential to overall religious success and personal wellbeing. Unfortunately, the modern psychological discourse has vilified the emotion of “guilt” as suppressive of human confidence and self-esteem. In truth, healthy guilt is an invaluable religious emotion and allows authentic self-inspection; authentic self-awareness is vital for true personality change. However, as important as guilt may be for authentic self-inspection, the ability to move on from guilt rather than wallowing in despair, is absolutely critical. A korban chatat allows both acknowledgement of failure as well as an eventual catharsis. In introducing the chatat, the Torah describes the scenario of a sin. A very odd phrase is employed to narrate the occurrence of a sin. Presumably, every sin is driven by the desires of the human body and the weaknesses of human flesh. Yet, the Torah by writing “v’nefesh ki techeta” (if a nefesh sins) portrays a sin as a product of “nefesh’ or a human soul. Shouldn’t the Torah have assigned the blame for sin upon the human body, and not the human soul? Shouldn’t the chatat section be launched with a word referencing the human body such as ‘guf’ or, at the very least, a neutral word such as ‘ish’? How does the assignment of “sin” to our souls redistill our perspective upon sin and assist us in both the attempt to avoid sin as well in the recovery process of teshuva. The atypical word ‘nefesh’ forces us to re-examine the pathology of sin. Every sin or failure possesses both a “root cause” or internal drive that influences our behavior. This internal drive expresses itself or manifests itself in an actual forbidden

activity or other moral failure. Often, the root cause is very dissimilar to the actual expression. More often than not, our sins are driven by deep psychological forces or fundamental spiritual deficiencies. They may express themselves in physical desires and bodily needs but these expressions stem from a much deeper place. This discrepancy- between the root cause and the actual ‘sinful expressions’accounts for the difficult challenge of shattering bad habits. We often pay too much attention to the manifestation and insufficient attention to the root cause. This flawed approach is equivalent to dealing with symptoms of an illness while ignoring the root cause of the illness. Though the symptoms may disappear the illness endures. Without questioning the emotional and psychological drives which manifest in physical desires, it is extremely difficult to reshape or repair our behavior. In an effort to accentuate the emotional and psychological basis of our failures, the Torah introduces the chatat section with the term nefesh. Sin shouldn’t be attributed to the body while exempting the soul or the spirit. Without a body a spirit is pure and cannot sin. Likewise, without an animated soul, a body lies lifeless and rots. This unique blend between body and soul which is a human being bears full responsibility for sin. Understanding the dynamic of sin is the first step to shaping behavior which may avoid sin. It is also instrumental in allowing the self-inspection after our sins to initiate authentic teshuva. The message of this peculiar language to introduce a korban chatat in our parsha, is significant far beyond understanding the pathology of sin and the manner of recovery from religious failure. Human beings are fusions of a spiritual soul welded to a physical body. We inhabit a physical world, but also sense that we belong “elsewhere” and will one day inhabit a different realm. Sometimes these two aspects of human identity can feel very disparate and we often compartmentalize our experiences: our moments of soul-experience “feel” religious whereas our moments of body-experience do not. Of course, we recognize that bodily experiences are governed by halachik standards and that these experiences can serve as platforms for religious opportunities. However, the experiences themselves aren’t inherently religious-minded, but merely “stages” for the execution of religious duties. Eating isn’t religious per

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… pigeonholing of our religious lives into different “cells”, can sometimes lead to a very binary view of our lives se but provides an opportunity for our souls to connect to HKB”H through a Beracha or through adhering to kashrut expectations. This pigeonholing of our religious lives into different “cells”, can sometimes lead to a very binary view of our lives. It may compartmentalize our experience into two unrelated realms. When in the religious realm such as a Beit Knesset, Beit Midrash or mitzvah ‘moment’ we identify the religious opportunities and sense religious experience. When in neutral realms- our homes, workplaces and other public areas we have a more difficult time identifying religious opportunities and sensing religious experience. At worse, this can cause religious schizophreniaexcelling at religion within the spiritual domain but failing abjectly once we step outside the overtly religious zones in our lives. Even if we are able to act religiously in both realms do they feel integrated? Or do we switch personalities as we shift into the different spheres of our lives? Switching personas always dilutes the depth of our experience by preventing us

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from integrating the different aspects of our lives. G-d created a fusion of body and soul and welded them so deeply that, in our experience, more often than not they feel as one. If we stop to reflect, we can certainly divide our body from soul but in the day-to-day moments we sense these two components as one integrated identity. Only HKB”H could be capable of creating such a deep integration between two such vastly different entities; by bonding body and soul He expects us to integrate our experiences. Sin may seem to be a disintegrating moment – our body has fallen prey to its weaknesses and dragged our soul into a darker and lower realm. To refute this incorrect partitioning of identity the Torah prefaces the story of sin with the term “nefesh” to remind us that, in sin as in life, we live as one unified being- body and soul. Rabbi Moshe Taragin has taught at Yeshivat Har Etzion in Gush Etzion, for the past 22 years.


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Torah reading: Vayikra RABBI DR RAYMOND APPLE

BRINGING YOURSELF

Sentence structure is an important component of literary style. So when the Torah says, “When a person brings of you an offering to HaShem...” (Lev. 1:2), we ask if the words simply mean, “When any person among you...” or whether something extra is implied. The message may be that if you bring an offering, part of you must accompany it. Perfunctory ritual means very little; you are only going through the motions. Your heart and soul must be in it. These days when so many important appeals for worthy causes are directed to us the temptation is to give out of political correctness, to get the fundraisers off our back, or because people may talk if our name is not on the list of givers. Obviously we cannot give to everything, nor can we give the same amount to every appeal. But everyone should have one or two favourite causes, and give as much as possible to them with passion and commitment: and it should not need social pressure, hard sell tactics or the hope of acclaim and applause to motivate us.

ON YOUR OWN

“Im nefesh achat techeta”, says the sidra: “If one soul shall sin...” (Lev. 4:27). Rabbi Avraham Chaim of Zlotschov said, “You can be a great tzaddik and still sin. How can this be? The Torah says, ‘If one soul shall sin...’ If the tzaddik is ‘one soul’, concerned with himself and his own righteousness, that’s a sin. A tzaddik should be anxious both for himself and for the rest of the community.” There are some religions that despair of the world and concentrate on their own souls. There may even be a few Jews who are tempted to follow that path. But this is not the Jewish way.

For Judaism, the sparks of godliness that were scattered at the time of creation have gone everywhere and could and do rest in all of us, waiting and ready to be recognised and redeemed. The tzaddik does not write anyone off, no matter how unpropitious they may seem. The Talmud says, “tzaddikim nitpasim al ha-dor” (Shabbat 33b) – “the righteous are seized (by God) for the sins of the generation”. This is not punishment by proxy, vicarious atonement, but the recognition that if the generation sins, it may be because the righteous have not exerted themselves sufficiently to bring them back to righteousness. The moment that we say or imply, “You’re not worth my time, you don’t deserve my love, you can stew in your own juice”, that’s when there is a hole in our own righteousness, that’s a “nefesh achat techeta” – a soul that sins because it has abandoned the souls of others and forgotten that we all have a godly spark.

SACRIFICES

Parashat Vayikra introduces the laws of sacrifices. In the Tabernacle and Temple, the program of the sacrificial ritual was elaborate and impressive. No wonder that one of the Yom Kippur prayers reflects on the memory with the words, “Happy was the eye that saw all this”. But the concept of animal sacrifice has its critics who ask how it could possibly bring the human heart and soul nearer to God, and whether the sacrifices really made any difference to the Almighty.

Here are two answers:

1. My teacher Isidore Epstein wrote: “It is not the needs of God which the sacrifices are intended to convey, but the needs of man. “They are not conceived as gifts to an

offended deity in appeasement of its anger or in reparation of a wrong done to one’s fellow man. Their aim is essentially man’s holiness, with all it implies of religious and moral regeneration and perfection. “They are designed in all their parts to foster in the mind of the devotee a sense of the awfulness of a religious offence in that it creates an estrangement alike between man and God and between man and man.” 2. From another point of view, Hermann Gollancz wrote: “If these animal sacrifices and offerings were to be of any value whatsoever, and to be pleasing in the sight

For Judaism, the sparks of godliness that were scattered at the time of creation have gone everywhere and could and do rest in all of us… of Heaven, it was clearly necessary that the bringing of them had to work their chief effect upon those who brought these gifts. “If the slaughter of the animal did not awaken in the heart of the one who offered it the thought that he must henceforth and for all times slaughter and kill the animal-spirit within himself – if the sacrifice of old did not impress upon the people the idea that they had to sacrifice themselves, to sacrifice their unholy wishes and their wicked desires, in the task of serving their Creator and God, and leading a pure, useful, and holy life, and that this was the best and costliest offering which man

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could offer unto God – then the sacrifices proved an abomination and a hindrance to the individual who brought the offering, for instead of bringing him nearer unto heaven, it led him further away from the true worship of the One God.” Rabbi Apple served for 32 years as the chief minister of the Great Synagogue, Sydney, Australia’s oldest and most prestigious congregation. He was Australia’s highest profile rabbi and held many public roles. He is now retired and lives in Jerusalem. Rabbi Apple blogs at http://www.oztorah. com


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A17 mere man.MARCH Moshe would have a collision. Thiscall…” is a fascinating story, goes but thea long sages are confused, don’t he, after Aleph is compared to the voice of G-d. That is, Aleph is the since that night020 he had3519 a dream 7779 about two dogs. One was 20 degrees Southnotices to avoid a dim collision. TheThere captain deck green blip that travelling Yourcommanded A little humility way. portray a concept. it portrays is much more resou him — but he wrote it small. ison atothethestory of a aUS Naval ship on a stormy In order to fully comprehend we need to we already know that Moshe was humble? Are we not told open space, the silence, the pregnant possibility, the soundcalled Rufus and the other Rupina. charidy.com/tal preferred to write Vayikar — “And He happened (upon him).” The Canadians respond: Recommend you divert YOUR course suddenlyThe appears on the radar screen. Radioing into the CaThis week we begin the third book of the Torah Vayikra US captain responds, “This is the Captain of a US Navy “Look how upset you ofwere when I compared you story, toin athebutdog, on occasions torah itself that Moshe other wasdon’t inspiration, the in-breath that precedes all human speech. Turnus Rufus was notas impressed. “How dare you! You are Thisnumerous is a fascinating the sages are confused, winter night off coast well. 20 degrees the South toYOUR avoid a collision. nadian Naval he the says: Please divertNewfoundland; your course 020 3519 7779 will pay less known as Torat Kohanim - the law of the priests -use in rabbinic lit- means of action of writing a small Aleph depicts ship. Iauthorities, saytoagain, divert course.” humble? Whyknow the necessity to make the aleph small? We see the Aleph, we shape it, we read it, but we cannot make my wifeTORAH (Rupina) and I are dogs? YouP1 we already that Moshe was humble? Are we not told insinuating that DVAR actual there are many similarities! 20 degreesand to theinNorth to avoidfact a collision. The Canadians erature. Most of the book is occupied In withother the lawswords of the speG-d just “came across” Moshe, He didn’t “go The Secret Small Aleph TheCanadians US captainretaliate:” responds,No. “ThisI say is theagain, Captain of a US Navy its sound. you divert YOUR on green numerous occasions the torah itselfanthatintriguing Moshe was with your life”. Exclaimed the General. Midrashand Tanchuma brings The captain thecourse.” deck blip thatin(Teruma) respond: Recommend youon divert YOUR coursenotices 20 degreesa dim cificThe sacrifices the duties of the Kohanim in the Temple. RABBI JONATHAN TAWIL for it has no sound. powerful way. Aleph is to unique inAkiva thehim. Hebrew alphabet, ship. 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Akiva waswriting once challenged byword a Roman General JONATHAN see, protestations, dogs walk Beyond and youa shadow walk. Why are you so upset?” Rabbi us listen before we begin. of a doubt In spite of Moshe’s G-d told him to write course.” aircraft carrier lincoln, theNo. second the you seasCanadians andussbeautiful lands – ship how think feels —when we that begin the third book of the Rufus. YOUR course.” retaliate:” I saylargest again, youindi-do encounter. The last letterHe of Vayikra the aleph — is written much Moshe is humble, we might Akiva a proceeded withBet hisGABAY master plan.Mem “Look how consonant has sound: is “B”, is upset “M”.youWhenWethemight alreadyAsknow AHARON Radioing Canadian Naval he says: united states’into atlanticthe fleet. we are accompanied by threeauthorities, vert YOUR course.” smaller than the rest of the word. — “And He called”. 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Rufus. i demand that you change your course 20 degrees north, Stated the General, quoting the Pasuk: VeEt Eisav Saneti – I OUR CHACHAMIM P3 IS THE AIRCRAFT CARRIER USS LINCOLN, THE by SECproclaiming they created all of this?” Our Sages explain that when G-d told Moshe to write the AHARON trays is much more resounding. 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It seemed tostartled Moshebythat itquestion. gave himIf added toowere muchto imAs we begin the third book of the Torah let us ask Hashem you prostrate yourself to idols made of wood and stone proi demand that you change your course 20 degrees north, or OUR its absence: ah, eh,P3oh, oo. Stated the General General, quoting the Pasuk: VeEt Eisav Sanetido – I we hear it –HALACHOT Rabbi Akiva made his “This point and with that the moved CHACHAMIM P3 Aleph charidy.com TheCanadians Canadians takeAND arespond: gasp and say,Recommend is a lighthouse. answer How what he really thought, him.was claiming they have The divert YOUR course ERS,that’s THREE CRUISERS NUMEROUS SUPPORT VEScould he write thatthe G-dgeneral called would to him?killWho to bless us that we too may portray the characteristics of our created all of this?” Rabbi Akiva made his one five degrees north, or counter-measures will you be portance. RAV HUNA hate Eisav. The Prohibition Against Contradicting One’s Your call…”THAT YOU CHANGE YOUR COURSE 20 he,Any falseall? answer wouldman. not do justicewould to the question. ■ Shabbat Shalom away. begins the alphabet, but has no sound. SELS.undertaken I DEMAND after A mere Moshe have preferred to fine leader Moshe and succeed in all our endeavours. point and with thatthe the General moved away. This is a fascinating story, but sages are confused, don’t to ensure the safety of this ship. 20 degrees to the South to avoidNORTH, a collision. Parent / RABBI ELI MANSOUR 020 3519 777 Rabbi Akiva seemed startled by the question. If he were to DEGREES NORTH, THAT’S ONE FIVE DEGREES write Vayikar — “And He happened (upon him).” Rabbi Shach zts’l once asked on this Midrash. Why is it that A little humility goes a long way. He told Turnus Rufus to return tomorrow and he would have HALACHOT P3 we already know that Moshe was humble? Are we not told The Canadians take a gasp and say, “This is a lighthouse. answer what he really thought, the general would kill him. Shabbat Shalom Rabbi Akiva didn’t give Turnus Rufus this answer yesterday? OR COUNTER-MEASURES WILL BE UNDERTAKEN TO ENother words G-d just “came across” Moshe, He didn’t “go aInreply. The Prohibition Against Contradicting One’s This weekcaptain we begin the third book of“This the Torah Your call…” The US responds, is Vayikra the Captain a USwould Navy Any falseofanswer not do justice tonumerous the question. occasions Kid’s Q&A & CARTOON P4 on in the torah itself that Moshe was known as Torat Kohanim - the law of the priests - in rabbinic Parent / RABBI ELI MANSOUR The next day Turnus Rufus returned promptly and again Time Aship. little humility goes longbook way.is occupied He told Rufus toreturn tomorrow and he would have I sayMost again, divert YOURwithcourse.” literature. ofa the the laws of asked himTurnus the question. DVAR TORAH humble? WhyVERACHEL the necessity to-make the aleph small? KOLLEL JERUSALEM a reply. ZICHRON &CHANA RABBI CHAPPER - COMMUNITY ELSTREE This weekALEX we begin the third book of the This Torah VayikraRABBI ’s id newsletter containsBOREHAMWOOD Divrei Torah and may contain Sheimot - PleaseSYNAGOGUE dispose of accordingly K The Secret Small Aleph CARTOON P4 Canadians retaliate:” I say again, The younextdivert YOUR e Q&A &brings known as Torat Kohanim - the law ofNo. the priests - in rabbinic day Turnus Rufus returned and again Thepromptly Midrash TanchumaTim (Teruma) an intriguing RABBI JONATHAN TAW literature. Most of the book is occupied with the laws of asked him the question.  course.” years. The observance of creation isencounter. amongst one of them. such distorted solutions. Because there is a doubt: maybe it all The Gemara (Megilla 12a) says that the reason the generation

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of that time were held liable to be punished because they a n Amalek are isnot just assembled by a tornado bowed down to an idol. Idol worship promotes that Hashem DVAR TORAH Eventually getting fed up the US captain states, “this is the Rabbi Akiva was oncethrough challenged a Roman General sweeping a by junkyard”. TheseTurnus figuresdoesare Jewish people not exist and destroy there are other the ways that nature came to Beyondsociety a shadow of a dou aircraft carrier uss lincoln, the second largest ship in the existence. This was so popular amongst in that time. Rufus. only referring to the human body, not to mention, an ideal that promotes Mordechai and Esther grabbed onto their Jewish teachings AHARON GABAY united states’ atlantic fleet. we are accompanied by three knowledge and refusing to accept such scepticism and plants, animals and natural occurrences and such “Why does your G-d hate us?” existence. ultimately through Hashem’s their commitment the Jews merited re-An id destroyers, three cruisers and numerous support vessels. demption. a season changes, volcano eruptions etc.This fundamental beliefs. That i demand that you change your course 20 degrees north, Stated the General, quoting the Pasuk: VeEt Eisav Saneti – I 1 We are continuously OUR CHACHAMIM challenged in life with tests of faith in turns the chances into a figure too big to read. Hashem. Whether it’s in His existence in His involvement BEYOND SHADOW OF Anorth, DOUBTor counter-measures will be hate Eisav. that’s oneA five degrees RAV orHUNA erase and blot out becaus with our lives, it is incumbent upon us cling to the idea that no The only alternative is that a supernatural being BEYOND SHADOW OF A DOUBT Rabbi Akiva seemed startled by the question. If he were to other forces are involved undertaken to ensure the safety this ship. We read the famous passage aboutA erasing the name ofof Amalbesidesheritage. those of our creator above. of our ek. Amalek are a nation who despise the Jews with endless created it all Hashem. hate and are even mitsvot related togasp erasingand their name. HALACHOT Thethere Canadians a famous say, “This is about a lighthouse. We read take the passage erasinganswer what he really thought, the general would kill him. Shabbat Shalom But what is it that singles out Amalek more than any other The Prohibition Againstth Co Your call…” With Purim just around nation? What is it that it is vital for have nothing toAmalek do with the name ofus toAmalek. are a nation whoAny false answer would not do justice to the question. However, some scientists, despite the Amalek to point where we must erase them and blot them out. / RABBI ELI MAN despise endless hate and thereHe told Turnus Rufus to return tomorrow and he would have tells ofParent an Amalekite, Ham Over the pasthumility century, the mankind madewith phenomenal A little goesJews ahaslong way. extraordinary low chances, believe that it is scientific discoveries that tower the previous thousands of are even mitsvot related to erasing their name.a reply. destroy the Jewish people. possible for such chemicals to come into id ThisBut week we begin the third book of the Torah Vayikra ’s says what is it that singles out Amalek more than K 12a) the reason & CARTOON THEJEWISHWEEKLY.COM alignment because therepromptly is a chance. Because Time Q&Athat known as Torat Kohanim - the law of the priests - in rabbinic The next day Turnus Rufus returned and again any other nation? What is it that it is vital for time were held liable to be literature. Most of the book is occupied with the laws of asked him question.  theytheare threatened by religion and the existence us to have nothing to do with Amalek to point showsTorah that in there Sheimot to be aof multitude of just chance. a Boeing 747 bybeing This newsletter Evidence contains Divrei andorder mayforcontain - Please dispose ofhappened accordingly organisms that we see today, there must have been a perfectly timed, perfectly arranged accumulation of certain chemicals and elements to produce even the smallest living organism. The sophistication of our body is phenomenal. A build up of nervous, respiratory, digestive and immune systems which work effectively is probably the most complicated production ever seen and the chances of these chemicals assembling correctly by chance are in the millions. It is said that “there is more chances of a Boeing 747 being assembled by a tornado sweeping through a junkyard”. These figures are only referring to the human body, not to mention, plants, animals and natural occurrences such a season changes, volcano eruptions etc. This turns the chances into a figure too big to read. The only alternative is that a supernatural being created it all - Hashem. However, some scientists, despite the extraordinary low chances, believe that it is possible for such chemicals to come into alignment because there is a chance. Because they are threatened by religion and the existence of G-d they result to

That so called doubt is Amalek. Amalek are the ones who deny G-ds existence by stating that there is always a chance. Amalek has the same numerical value as the Hebrew word safek - doubt. Hashem never created doubt, Hashem either 1 created something or he didn’t. There is no such thing as ‘he might have created something’. Only when man approached and explored the world, they established doubt about physical and spiritual forces and objects. It is only the childish observation of man that claimed that ‘maybe’ such a thing exists or not. Amalek use this approach to suggest that there is no overpowering being that controls the world. Amalek are not just a nation who strive to destroy the Jewish people, they also symbolise an ideal that promotes an alternative to Hashem’s existence. An ideal that threatens our fundamental beliefs. That ideal we are told to erase and blot out because it defies the basis of our heritage. With Purim just around the corner, the Megilla tells of an Amalekite, Haman, who wanted to destroy the Jewish people.


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Peering Behind the Mask: Understanding the Battle Against Amalek RABBI SHMUEL REICHMAN One day, Daniel decides to go on a nature hike. He has been overwhelmed with work lately and just needs some time to recharge. Without telling anyone where he’s going, he heads off into the mountains. He’s enjoying the view and his peaceful hike, when suddenly, he slips and tumbles off the edge of a cliff. As he plunges downwards, he somehow manages to grasp onto a branch jutting out from the side of the mountain. He clings on to this branch for dear life, trying not to look down at the ravine below. A million thoughts go running through Daniel’s head, but one thought in particular keeps reemerging to the forefront of his consciousness. “Nobody knows I’m here. I’m alone. I’m going to die.” He begins to take stock of his life, thinking about the good times he’s had and what he has managed to accomplish in his short existence. He thinks about his family, and how much they are going to miss him. Just then, a rope soars past his head, hanging directly in front of him. After a moment’s shock, he grabs on to the rope and holds on for dear life as someone on the other end begins to pull him up over the cliff edge. When Daniel reaches the top, he immediately asks the man. “How did you know that I fell over the edge and needed rescuing?” The man stares at him blankly and says, “I didn’t. This morning, I randomly decided that today would be a great day to practice throwing ropes down cliff faces. There are two reactions that Daniel can have. He can recognize the miracle of what has just happened, thanking Hashem for sending him salvation when it seemed so unlikely. Or, he can laugh at the coincidence of both his falling and this man practicing rope throwing at the exact same time, thankful that he happened to get lucky this time. This decision is one that we actually face in every moment and aspect of life, and it is a theme connected to this week’s parsha and the upcoming holiday of Purim.  

A Small Alef and the Battle Against Amalek

We will begin with two questions before delving into this topic. A striking feature of Parshas Vayikra is its very first word. The first word of the entire sefer, “Vayikra” is written with a small aleph. What is the meaning of this small aleph? This Shabbos, we will be reading both Parashas Vayikra and Parshas Zachor, our yearly mitzvah to remember Amalek’s attempt to destroy us. What is the connection between Amalek and Vayikra’s small aleph? To address these questions, we must first understand the nature of Amalek. Amalek attacked the Jewish people as they were on

the way to receive the Torah. What is most striking about this attack is the timing. The Jews just left Egypt and Hashem just split the sea for the Jewish People, an act that had worldwide reverberations. The Jews were viewed as invincible, untouchable. And exactly then, Amalek chose to attack the Jewish people, undertaking a practically suicidal battle with zero provocation. What were their motives in undertaking such a mission? This question can be extended to the Purim story as well. Haman, suddenly promoted to second in command, makes it his mission to wipe out the entire Jewish people. As a descendent of Amalek, he is clearly continuing their legacy of Jewish obliteration. What is the reason for Haman’s hatred of the Jews and singular desire to wipe them out? Why is this the spiritual legacy of Amalek? In order to answer these questions, we must look at three fundamental principles of Jewish belief.

Three Fundamental Principles

The first is that Hashem is the creator of the world. He is the source of time, space, and our entire reality. The second is that Hashem has a relationship with this physical world. This is the concept of hashgacha, that Hashem oversees and controls the events of this world. The third principle is that there is a purpose to this world and our lives within it. There is not a single thing that is random, rather each and every occurrence and interaction is part of an infinitely beautiful grand plan, a cosmic symphony, a masterpiece. Amalek’s entire existence is devoted towards destroying the second and third of these principles. Amalek claims that although Hashem may exist, he has absolutely nothing to do with us or our world. Our lives are therefore meaningless and this world is utterly devoid of spirituality. This approach is summed up in the pasuk describing Amalek’s attack on the Jewish people. As we read in Parshat Zachor, we must remember what Amalek did to us, “ashar korcha baderech” - how they “happened” upon us while we were traveling (Devarim 25:18). The word korcha is a strange one, and Rashi therefore quotes three interpretations, each fundamental and significant.  

Randomness and Happenstance

The first interpretation of the word “korcha” is based on its connection to the word “karah”- happenstance. This represents Amalek’s claim that everything in this world is random and meaningless. There is no hashgacha, no Divine providence. When things happen to you, whether bad or good, there is no deeper meaning or significance behind it. Amalek was projecting that they just “happened” to be here with swords

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Amalek chose to attack the Jewish people, undertaking a practically suicidal battle with zero provocation in hand, ready for battle, they simply “chanced” upon the Jewish People as they were on the way. This is the exact approach that Haman took when plotting to kill the Jews. He did not rationally calculate a date on which to kill the Jews, rather he specifically chose one through a pur, a lottery. A lottery represents randomness and chance. Haman let the luck of the draw determine when he would kill the Jews, an act of devotion to “karah” - happenstance. [The gematria, numerical value, of Amalek is safek- doubt. Amalek represents doubt and uncertainty, randomness and chaos.]  

Keri: Spiritual Marriage

The second interpretation offered by Rashi connects “korcha” to “keri”, a concept linked to marital impurity. Judaism approaches marriage as a mitzvah, whereby the relationship between husband and wife holds incredible potential for spirituality. The Ramban explains that the relationship between man and wife can ideally reflect the relationship between Hashem and the Jewish People. It is a relationship of spiritual and existential oneness. Amalek, however, claims that marriage is no more than animalistic mating, a relationship that will never contain meaning or spirituality. Perhaps the reason for this is connected to Amalek’s very conception. Amalek was the result of Eliphaz’s relationship with his concubine, Timnah (Bereishit 36:12). Unlike Jewish marriage, which is rooted in a devoted and loving commitment, a concubine is a purely physical relationship, lacking the spiritual components of true marriage. The very nature of Amalek’s creation became their national ethos. Amalek has divorced the physical from the spiritual, viewing the physical as detached from any higher spiritual source. The physical urges of man are the ultimate motivation in this world, as there is nothing deeper to the world than its physical facade.

Kor: Cooling Off the Flame

Rashi’s third explanation of the word “korcha” is based on a midrash that relates the word to “kor”- cold. The midrash gives

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the mashal of a boiling hot bath of water that nobody dares jump into. Along comes one man and jumps into the scalding water, burning himself completely in the process. He may have harmed himself, but he has now cooled the water enough for others to jump into. This is what Amalek did as the Jewish people were traveling to Har Sinai. Matan Torah was the epitome and ultimate paradigm of Hashem’s connection and relationship with the physical world and the people within it. The midrash explains that in addition to the Jews, all the nations of the world were flocking toward Har Sinai to receive the Torah. They believed that the Jewish people were invincible, the carriers of Divine truth, and wished to join them on their spiritual mission. This is why Amalek chose to specifically attack Klal Yisrael right at this point, in order to prevent Matan Torah from happening. They “jumped into the scalding bath” - attacked the Jewish people, and “cooled the waters”- showing the other nations that the Jewish People were vulnerable to attack; and Amalek Won. Physically, they lost, but in a deeper way, they won! The nations of the world walked away.

The Small Alef

We can now give meaning to the small aleph in Vayikra and why we read it before Purim. When you look at the word Vayikra, with its tiny aleph, at first you only see the word karah – happenstance. This is the word of Amalek - a God-less reality, void of spirituality and meaning. Only when you focus, look closer, and peer beneath the surface do you see the aleph. Aleph, the first letter, is the most spiritual of all the letters. It represents oneness and the spiritual root of reality. Hashem is echad, one, and our goal in this world is to see the spiritual oneness inherent within every event and object in this world. Amalek seeks to hide the truth, disconnect us from our source, and strip all meaning from this life. Only when we see past the surface, when we recognize the aleph in Vayikra, and trace everything that happens in this world back to Hashem- our spiritual source- will we ultimately defeat Amalek and all that they stand for.


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Osteoporosis Dr Malcolm Persey MD FRCP, Consultant Rheumatologist, Royal Free London (Barnet & Chase Farm www.rheumatology-malcolmpersey. co.uk secretary@drmalcolmpersey.com Secretary 07817255337 Appoinments Kings Oak & Cavell BMI Hospitals 020 8370 9505 Bushey SPIRE 020 8901 5555 Royal Free Hadley Wood, Wellington Diagnostic & Outpatient & Waterfront Centres 07817255337

A middle-aged patient visited my clinic, they had slipped and fallen on their outstretched hand. After six weeks in plaster for a broken wrist a good friend suggested they may have osteoporosis, this means they need to have a bone density scan and to see a rheumatologist. Rheumatologists are a mysterious crowd. Our responsibility

includes illness relating to joints such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and gout, but we also look after conditions which do not fit elsewhere. One grey area is bone health and osteoporosis in particular. Bone is complex, structured like a firm sponge. As we mature our bones strengthen, achieving as young adults what is called peak bone mass. Bone then remains strong because we produce and absorb it in balance. In later life, or because of illnesses or drugs, bone is absorbed faster than it is made, the holes in the sponge enlarge and the bone becomes more brittle and likely to break. Things that accelerate the weakening include drugs such as steroids, a family history of osteoporosis, immobility, low oestrogen levels after the menopause, low testosterone levels, smoking and excess alcohol. Recently, drugs suppressing oestrogen action in treatment of breast cancer can lead to bone thinning. Of course, you cannot change your parents or age, but the other factors can be reviewed and may slow down or prevent increasing bone fragility. While being underweight is associated with low bone strength there is little evidence that dietary modifications influence osteoporosis. However, weight bearing exercise such as walking, moderating alcohol consumption and giving up smoking all help. Indeed, the drugs used to increase bone strength are fighting a losing battle if other issues are not addressed. Weak bones often only come to light because somebody sustains a fracture, like my patient, or because they are identified as being at high risk, for example through being treated with steroids.

One way of assessing bone strength is with a bone density scan. It is important to appreciate that bone density is a continuum and osteoporosis is just one end of this scale. What matters is the overall risk of having a fracture and the bone density is just part of this. The scan examines one of the many features which influence bone strength, but it is one that can be relatively easily measured and influenced with medication. Having had a scan, the need for treatment needs to be looked at in the context of the overall risk and all the other factors influencing bone strength mentioned above. In other words, not every osteoporosis needs to be treated, and conversely some who do not have it may still require treatment.

If a patient has a fracture because their bones are fragile, most treatments for osteoporosis reduce a risk of future breaks by about 40%. While this means that a fracture can still occur even with treatment the chances of this happening are much reduced. On the other hand if your risk of having a fracture was low to start with, it is not worth having treatment to reduce that risk. For example, if your risk of having a fracture in the next 10 years is only 5% , it is not worth taking a drug for the next 5 years to reduce this risk to 3%. How long a drug needs to be taken for and possible side-effects need to be taken into account in deciding on treatment. However, a broken hip can be devastating, and the drugs used to treat

osteoporosis are only very rarely associated with problems. If the risk of breaking a bone is high, the benefits of taking the drugs far outweigh the risks. If treatment is required, most drugs act by slowing the bone absorption, rather than making new bone, and are typically taken for 3-5 years before assessing the need to continue. Too long a treatment can be associated with its own, albeit rare, problems. On average all drugs work equally well and the choice of which medication, if any, needs to be discussed with your doctor. The success of treatment can be assessed by increases or even stability in the bone density on a further scan, or, best of all, by no more broken bones!

For further information, please visit our website

www.essentiallymedical.co.uk E-mail: info@essentiallymedical.co.uk for your local area team details

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14 MARCH 2019

Luxury, Family Sardinia that won’t break the Bank

Out of Season is the New In Season at Delphina Hotels BY CARON BLUESTONE Half-term week, 7 days of bliss in true paradise, in Sardinia at Delphina’s Hotel Valle dell’ Erica passed by in a flash. A testament to where we were. For the first time in ages, taking the family to a hotel catering to our every need really felt like a holiday from the minute we arrived. I normally take a day or two to acclimatise to any new environment. The critic in me finds little niggles that I need to let go of before settling in but here I just couldn’t find anything. We arrived At Valle dell’ Erica, an hours drive north from Olbia, in the unspolit Gallura region, in the dark. So without a glimpse of the exceptional view or the resort itself - set within a beautiful natural park teeming with flora and fauna and low rise buildings; suites made of stone and covered in plants and flowers that blend into the surroundings so much so that you almost feel alone on your balcony, overlooked by no-one. The Valle dell’ Erica is made up of two 5* hotels; Erica and La Licciola. You wouldn’t realise it though, although two receptions, guests can wander and explore throughout the resort which is spread over a 28 hectare park. Here you have almost a mile of coastline, a long, white sandy beach and then other beaches too with stunning, secluded, rocky coves dotted around. Again, this does’t feel mass-market. You can find a secluded spot all to yourselves. This sort of each experience is one you would expect to drive out of the hotel for, somewhere far from civilisation. There’s so much good to say about this hotel that I hardly know where to start. For us, kids club was a dream. Ericaland with a baby (from 12 months old) and mini club was just next to our room. Well, a very short walk away. The staff were kind and caring, looking after our 18 month old really well. There’s loads of outdoor covered and indoor space with a nursery and cots and a 24 hour baby area with all the equipment needed to feed, sterilise change and generally care for your baby; buggies and highchairs too. Each day is packed with activities, beach trails, treasure hunts, lots of free sports for the older kids and plenty of attention from happy staff with boundless energy. Leaving frazzled parents time to relax. And relax is what we did. I’m not a naturally relaxed person but here, just walking through the park to breakfast breathing in the warm air and fragrance of the flora and fauna - wild dill and rosemary - looking out to sea with Corsica just across the

water - made me happy. A spot by the infinity pool or by one of the other pools -here there are four, all beautifully designed with shallow areas and big undulating rocks lending to a relaxed, natural feel - one just for kids. It’s the atmosphere here that I loved the most. Despite having nearly 300 rooms, it felt like our own private haven. The resort has much to offer if you want to be active too, not least a very unusual outdoor exercise area overlooking the emerald sea. There’s also a 3 hole par 3 golf course with real grass, loads of sailing options, cruises and fishing too. A proper gym and Thalasso and Wellness Spa, just very big cherries on a delicious cake. I coudn’t find one thing wrong with our room; huge windows on three sides looking out to the park and sea, with balconies too on either side. Newly refurbished, comfortable with a Sardinian vibe and spotlessly clean, it felt more like a villa. On the ground floor with our own front door out directly onto one of the plant and flower flanked path. 2 rooms, one for the kids, we had all the mod cons and luxuries. Buggies ferry you on demand to wherever you need to go. However, we didn’t take much advantage. It was like being on a nature walk each time you stepped foot outside . The staff go out of their way to help and I noticed particularly good with children - something that Italians are famed for. Days wiled away by the pool or walking the trails to the different beaches, taking in the stupendous view, just flew by. We left just once to to Santa Theresa, a 10 minute ride on the shuttle away. A little retail therapy, a typical Italian village with a lively square flanked by cafes and bars, gorgeous beach and a few choice shops was all we needed but you can go further afield by boat (the hotel has many excursion options) or car. We just didn’t get bored enough to leave. One recommendation too, within the resort, there’s a little square with pharmacy,

If you are looking for a family holiday with great facilities and a heavenly vibe with great food to boot, this is your place. gallery a couple of little shops and a photography shop. I was always the one to shoo away photographers pre-kids but give them some time, we came away with some stunning shots. I wanted to buy the lot but settled on my favourites. Valle dell’Erica is a truly magical place. If you are looking for a family holiday with great facilities and a heavenly vibe with great food to boot, this is your place. It gives you the best of everything in one place. Back at Gatwick, the only saving grace of leaving such a wonderful place behind was our easy arrival. We have been using Help Me Park now for valet parking for a while now. I’ve realised that it’s cheaper and easier to drive yourself and leave the parking to someone else. No waiting around for cabs, driving at your own pace and being in control is much less stressful. Help Me Park was established in 2005 focusing on core values of trust,

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convenience and reliability. They never keep you waiting, they look after your car in a secure location and their staff are professional and courteous. They are also an approved Gatwick Airport operator which gives peace of mind and allows them to meet you on both outbound and inbound journeys directly at the terminal door. Pricing is really competitive too. There are lots of cowboys out there, so use these guys for really brilliant service! We travelled in May EasyJet to Olbia from £36 each way. For more information on booking Sardinia, I highly recommend the people at Just Sardinia. Huw and Alison and their super-knowledgeable team will look after you well. They can arrange everything you need in one place and really know the island inside out. With over 25 years experience, they are unbeatable.


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Vayikra Pekudei Word Seach This weeks parsha deals with korbonois. These are the sacrifices offered by klal Yisrael in the Mishkon or Beis Hamikdosh for various reasons. • The “ascending offering” (olah) that is wholly raised to G‑d by the fire atop the altar; • Five varieties of “meal offering” (minchah) prepared with fine flour, olive oil and spices; • The “peace offering” (shelamim), whose meat was eaten by the one bringing the offering, after parts are burned on the mizbeach, altar and parts are given to the kohanim (priests); • The different types of “sin offering” (chatat) brought to atone for sins committed erroneously by the high priest, the entire community, the king or the ordinary Jew; • The “guilt offering” (asham) brought by one who has misappropriated property of the Sanctuary, who is in doubt as to whether he transgressed a divine prohibition, or who has committed a “betrayal against G‑d” by swearing falsely to defraud a fellow man.

Cardboard Fish Materials

Instructions

• Recycled cardboard boxes, with tape removed • White and black acrylic craft paint • A pencil or black marker

1. Make templates for your fish that are the size you desire and that work with the cardboard boxes you have. Try not to use pieces that have a fold in them as this weakens the shape. Cut out templates and trace around those to make a whole school. It took me quite a while to get the look I had envisioned, as my fish kept turning too cute and I finally realized that without the mouth they look much more modern and interesting. Of course if you want cartoonish and cute, add a mouth, though you'll see what I mean when you do! 2. My fish are painted on both sides are as they can be used as stand up fish centerpieces.

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AMALEK • KOHEN • MIZBEACH • OLAH • SACRIFICE • SEMICHA • SHECHITA • ZACHOR


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CUT OUT & KEEP

TO CREATE YOUR VERY OWN JEWISH WEEKLY RECIPE BOOK

Homemade Crisps

Ingredients:

Method:

• Baking potato • Cooking spray • Salt

1. Thinly slice the potatoes (get an adult or potato slicer) 2. Place sliced potatoes on a baking sheet. 3. Spray with cooking spray and toss to coat. Sprinkle with salt. 4. Arrange in a single layer. 5. Bake at 350 degrees for 3540 minutes or until crispy.

FunWater facts Making Music with Have you ever tried making music with glasses or bottles filled with water? I bet you favourite band hasn’t. Experiment with your own special sounds by turning glasses of water into instruments, make some cool music and find out how it works.

What you’ll need:

• 5  or more drinking glasses or glass bottles • Water • Wooden stick such as a pencil

Instructions:

1. Line the glasses up next to each other and fill them with different amounts of water. The first should have just a little water while the last should almost full, the ones in between should have slightly more than the last. 2. Hit the glass with the least amount of water and observe the sound, then hit the glass with the most water, which makes the higher sound? 3. Hit the other glasses and see what noise they make, see if you can get a tune going by hitting the glasses in a certain order.

What’s happening?:

Each of the glasses will have a different tone when hit with the pencil, the glass with the most water will have the lowest tone while the glass with the least water will have the highest. Small vibrations are made when you hit the glass, this creates sound waves which travel through the water. More water means slower vibrations and a deeper tone.

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Parashat Vayikra

In a nutshell Alright, this weeks parsha, actually this whole sefer deals with korbonot, scarifices. What’s up with all that? Firstly, sacrifice. Wrong word.Offering? We can’t offer G-d anything. He doesn’t need anything or want anything. We are the needy ones. Korbon according to r’Hirsch is elevation. We tae a piece of flesh and make it spiritual, in turn enhancing ourselves. Whaat? Ok, ok, let’s back up a second. There’s a lot. And I mean A LOT of symbolism in korbonois. I mean every single step from the direction the bringer stands at each moment to the ferocity of how – and where, and how high or low and which side-

he sprinkles the blood. It’s all an exercise of the heart. But it’s not just that. There is deep mystical power in korbonois. Know how you feel after a yom kippur? Like that times a hundred. G‑d calls to Moses from the Tent of Meeting, and communicates to him the laws of the korbanot, the animaland meal offerings brought in the Sanctuary. These include: • The “ascending offering” (olah) that is wholly raised to G‑d by the fire atop the altar. This one is all about raising ourselves up. Either this person slipped up a bit but only in thoughts, not deeds or he didn’t

fulfil a positive commandment, so laziness. This is all about being better than he was, he uses a male animal (to symbolise strength, sorry girls) he throws the blood up with much force, he faces the southern side of the temple referencing the incomplete side of the world that Hashem left for us to fix, and a whole lot more we don’t have time for. • Five varieties of “meal offering” (minchah) prepared with fine flour, olive oil and frankincense; this is the poor mans bread. Poor of pocket or spirit. This could be brought by a downtrodden billionaire. It’s someone who is in pain and his

NEW Word Wheel The goal of a word wheel puzzle is to create as many words possible with the letters in the word wheel. Each word must contain at least three letters. You can only use each letter once and every word must have the letter in the centre of the wheel.

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erroneously by the high priest, the entire community, the king or the ordinary Jew; we’ll have to discuss this another week. Gist is, anyone can fall. It’s the righteous who get • The “peace offering” (shelamim), up. And G-d s right there with you, whose meat was eaten by the one pulling you up. bringing the offering, after parts are burned on the altar and parts are • The “guilt offering” (asham) by one who has given to the kohanim (priests); this brought is possibly the most holy because it misappropriated property of the wasn’t brought for any reason, just Sanctuary, who is in doubt as to love of G-d. So G-d gives it all back, whether he transgressed a divine the bringer gets all the edible parts. prohibition, or who has committed a “betrayal against G‑d” by swearing • The different types of “sin falsely to defraud a fellow man. offering” (chatat) brought to atone for transgressions committed

Use this area to write the words you have found.

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blood is sprinkled level. A message not to aim high, you won’t make it right now, just hang on, hold on because G-d is with you.

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Last week’s words: Here are some words you may have found from last week - you may have found more! eng ere erg ern + err + eve +

gee gen nee = 120 kg neg = 70 kg ree 90 kg + =reg

rev vee veg eger erne even

ever gene gree = 10 kgneve veer = 20 kggenre

green nerve never reeve venge verge

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evener renege revere veneer verger greener

regreen reneger revenge HAPPY CHANUKAH revenger veneerer evergreen


Vayikra Vol.31 No.28.qxp_Layout 1 25/02/2019 11:41 Page 8 14 MARCH 2019

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News Bites A whale of a time

Life saving sauce A man and his dog survived being trapped in their vehicle in deep snow for five days by eating packets of taco sauce. Jeremy Taylor, 36, and his dog Ally were stranded on a forest road near Sunriver, Oregon, after Taylor’s Toyota 4Runner became stuck in heavy snow. The pair had set off on Sunday to buy petrol and slept in the vehicle overnight, but awoke to find more snow had fallen.

Travelling reptile class Police have been left shell-shocked after finding more than 1,500 live tortoises wrapped in duct tape in unclaimed luggage in the Philippines. The 1,529 reptiles, with a street value of £66,000, were discovered in four checkedin suitcases at Manila’s Ninoy Aquino airport on Sunday.

South African Rainer Schimpf had been filming a sardine run - where gannets, penguins, seals, dolphins, whales and sharks gather fish into bait balls. As he was snorkelling on the surface of the water off South Africa’s Port Elizabeth Harbour, a Bryde’s whale emerged and its open jaws, engulfing him headfirst. “Once you’re grabbed by something that’s 15 tonnes heavy and very fast in the water, you realise you’re actually only that small in the middle of the ocean,” he told Sky News, using his hands to signal something small. Mr Schimpf, 51, said he and two others had been in the water for two or three minutes when the whale caught him. He said: “I was busy concentrating on the sharks because you want to know if the

shark is in front of you or behind you, left or right, so we were very focused on the sharks and their behaviour - then suddenly it got dark.” He estimated the whale was up to 15m long and weighed 20 tonnes, saying: “There was not really time for fear at that moment, just pure instinct”.

This Purim

SHPIEL FOR CHANA

The Bureau of Customs seized the cases and found they were filled with rare and protected varieties including star tortoises, red-footed tortoises, sulcata tortoises and red-eared sliders.

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Q: Why do bees have sticky hair? A: Because they use honey combs!

Q: What do you call an alligator in a vest? A: An investigator!

Q: Why did the man run around his bed? A: Because he was trying to catch up on his sleep!

(Answers at the bottom of page upside down)

1. The more you have of it, the less you see. What is it?

3. I know a word of letters three. Add two, and fewer there will be!

Q: What do you call a dinosaur that is sleeping? A: A dino-snore!

2. The one who makes it, sells it. The one who buys it, never uses it. The one that uses it never knows that he’s using it. What is it?

3) Few

2) A coffin 1. Darkness

1. A Bird In The Hand Is Worth Two In The Bush 2. Postman 3. Dominoes

4. Neon lights 5. Excuse me 6. Bad spell of weather

Dingbats Answers THEJEWISHWEEKLY.COM


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SPORTS

W E E K LY

14 MARCH 2019 13 DECEMBER 2018

LOCAL AND NATIONAL COVERAGE... THE ENTIRE PICTURE

HMH pick up late win as Sixteen-goal Lions Redbridge hit eight rout Scrabble in Cup BY DAVID SAFFER

“The boys stuck to a game plan and played in a manner that has BY DAVID SAFFER The Premier League title race is got us to where we are this seaheating up after HMH son,” commented Camden’s StirReiss Mogilner scored sixdefeated goals as Maccabi Maccabi London Lions 2-1 in ling Kay. London Lions thumped Scrabble A in the blustery conditions at Rowley “With the conditions, it always second round of the Cyril Anekstein Cup. Lane. going to come down to who could The Premier League side racked up a 16-0 Hendon, whose match against take their chance and the boys win with Daniel Green and Michael Kenley Faithfold A was abandoned, are saw us over the line.” both bagging a hat-trick. Ed Brafman, Dastill Dinkin, favourites as Adam they lead the way completNorth London Galaxy defeatvid and Hassanali by the a point crucially ofhave ed North London Raiders 2-0 in ed rout inand a mismatch a tie.a game in hand, but Avi Goldberg’s a hard-fought contest with goals Lions could have scored in the opening team have not given up hope if from Josh Cohen and Jack Mattey minute of the clash but soon opened the Hendon slip up during the run-in. in Division One. scoring and led 9-0 by half time. HMH will go two points clear if Galaxy though were thankful to The Division One team, though outthey beatbattled bottomaway clubtoBrady Macgoalkeeper Zack Nathan for a suclassed, the end. cabi withboss Hendon notfor playing perb double save to keep the lead Lions was lost wordson at full time Sunday. intact. such was the display from his team who The title chasers were indebted “We dominated Raiders even gave every respect to the opposition. to“I’m goalkeeper Jake Doffman for an with players playing out of posinot really sure there’s anything to early penalty save against Lions tion and implemented our passsay, we are happy to make it through to the before James deservedly put ing game,” said Galaxy manager next round of Gold the cup, ” he commented. PHOTO: DAVID SAFFER Avi Goldberg gives HMH a half time pep talk the hosts ahead a out swift Luke Lewis, who praised his star Hendon Unitedfollowing Sports ran 3-1 victors break. player. against League One outfit North London Oscar Wagner wasted a terrif“Doffman made key saves but “Mattey is the biggest talent in PHOTO: DAVID SAFFER 16-goal Maccabi London Lions Raiders. ic Th chance to equalise from close not enough of our players turned the league, ” he noted. “Not a full e Premier side led early in the second range, headedto equalise over thebut up and when that isgame, the case, you back in all three divisions can stop half onlythen for Raiders struck must-win ” commented Galaxy playcrossbar. a result. ” him.” two late goals to book a place in can’t roundexpect er-manager Luke Lewis. George Goldberg went close Los Camden got back to winLewis added, “Jamie Murray three of the competition. “We sat back and allowed Oakwood the before Leo Berger converted a ning ways in a five-goal thriller came in and dictated the game, Hendon now turn their attentions to the ball, given the one-man advantage and Ben Winters cross just before against Brady Maccabi. Raiders couldn’t get close to him league as they travel to Oakwood A for a looked to hit them on the counter attack half-time. Playing against the wind, Louis in midfield. Dean Benzaken also crucial top of the table clash on Sunday with pace. Wagner had a goal chalked off Coque opened the scoring when made things tick. He worked his (10am). “Both goals came down the right-hand after being sent clear by Goldberg he ran on to a through ball and socks off for 90 minutes. Daniel Kristall’s team stunned the league side. Leigh crossed the first one into Cohen but edged his team ahead 10 minwhipped a shot across the keeper “We’ve three games of the sealeaders last month when they won 2-0, a to finish, before slotting home himself. Up utes from time following a fine hitting both posts before going in son left. We’re hungrier than ever victory would move them to within a point to first we go.” move. on 15 minutes. and feel this is a fresh start. We’re of Hendon with a match in hand. The Division Two title race also took Doffman made sure of the win Oli Sade slipped Coque through ready to kick on, get some consistElsewhere in the latest round of fixtures, a twist with league leaders Herstwood circumstances,” said delighted Fortune one will enjoy.” with a point-blank save late on. made foritthe beforedown the half encyJacob in our formations and see 10-man North London Galaxy a second Vale going to hour a 2-1 defeat at Temple boss Simon Linden. Vale boss Emanuel was quick to “It was a tough game, ” summed for a comfortable half time lead. how well we can do. ” three-way title race in the only Division One Fortune. “We had a number of players out, Re- wish Rebuck well following his injury. up HMH boss Goldberg. Jayden gotBa have goal back Jewish Care B are still clash of the dayAvi after defeating Oakwood B. Meranda Faithfold played a game more buck got injured, so I couldn’t have asked “First andRedbridge most importantly, everyone at “After a slow start, the lads for Brady when he pounced on a on track for automatic promotion Jamie Murray saw red early on but Galaxy than Vale but moved level with a 5-3 win at any more from the players. We wish Ben a Vale would like to wish the Fortune ‘keeper steppedwith up their overturn loose to strike, but with Camalongsidewe Hertswood Vale after an rallied goals play fromtoJosh Cohen and Ja-ballNorth London Raiders Masters. speedy recovery. a quick recovery, hope to see him back acob one goal deficit. Chances were den benefiting from the wind, 8-0 rout against SPEC FC. Leigh to record an important 2-1 away Jacob Kalms struck twice for Fortune who “It was a proper old school performance, on the football pitch as soon as possible,” he there for both sides but we just Brady found it through difficult leading to gain scorer James Mil- we battled and defended for the 90 minutes said. Craig Sandford and Lee Cutler win. scored edged it. momentum. hit in a superb display. Galaxy head Redbridge Jewish Care A in letwith his 17th goal of the season. and took our chances. Experience proved As for the hat-tricks defeat, Emanuel commented, “If we beat Brady we can go Rick Harris drilled a powerful Frank Branch and Adam the table by just one point after 10 matches, The result was all the more remarkable to be the winner. It’s a big win, one we will “It doesn’t matter how big a squad Shayou back to the top, what a prospect!” shot home three minutes fromto 11 players with enjoy and we hope to build on it in 2019.” the for scoring as third place Fairlop FC are five points be- as Temple were down have, youfron can completed never account unavail“It was a deserved win for time before Jake Saunders sealed Redbridge racked up a ninth hind with two games in hand. ‘keeper Ben Rebuck dislocating a shoulder He added, “This win marks 50 years as a ability or injury. Only five of today’s team HMH, said Lions’ a penalty victory at Queen’s Rafi”Bloom scoredjoint-manager for Oakwood. the points in with the warm up. in the football club and will be one Nigel Kyte and played inleague our recent win over FC School. Team, a PHOTO: DAVID SAFFER Maccabi London Lions discuss second half tactics Max Kyte. dying moments of the game. Richard Bronzite’s team are “It was a fantastic performance in a “This was a fantastic win given the everyone associated with the club from day lack of togetherness and poor individual

“It was a proper old school performance, we battled and defended for the 90 minutes and took our chances. Experience proved to be the winner.”

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Lions put over a dangerous cross against HMH

PHOTO: DAVID SAFFER

HMH hold on to possession agaisnt Lions Danger in the HMH goalmouth

12 points adrift of Vale with four games remaining. Should they overturn a seven-goal deficit they will be crowned champions. “I’m delighted with the win and performance,” noted Bronzite. “We controlled the game from start to finish and the boys who played should be proud of themselves. This was a real team effort.” He added, “I thought we would have to forfeit the game due to a shortage of players but we managed to make some signings to get this game on so to come away with maximum points is massive for us.

PHOTO: DAVID SAFFER

“The boys deserve all the credit but one win doesn’t mean anything. “We have three games to go and there’s no point winning if we don’t compete in the final games. There’s a lot of football to be played.” SPEC player-manager Ricky Lawrence commented, “Not a good day but fair play to Redbridge they were better in every single department.” In Barry Goldstein Trophy first round ties, Jewdinese edged past Bayern Mincha in extra time. Barney Rhodes opened the

Close call in the Lions defence as HMH attack

scoring on 13 minutes but the hosts were grateful to goalkeeper Ben Halmer for a fine save to preserve the lead at half-time. Arron Goldberg, Scott Oldstein and Zack Collins almost doubled the lead for Jewdinese, but Mincha equalised when Adam Ellis forced an opponent into scoring an own goal. In extra-time, Sim Cohen hit the crossbar then had a goal disallowed for the hosts, but after Halmer made a crucial save,

PHOTO: DAVID SAFFER

substitute Josh Platt fired home a cross-shot five minutes from time. Jewdinese boss Darren Lawrence was delighted with the win. “Mincha are a good side and make themselves difficult to beat,” he said. “The boys battled well, got through a lot of running and played some really nice football. We now have the Trophy in our sights and the boys knew they really had to work hard to get the win.”

PHOTO: DAVID SAFFER

“It was a good game of football which we thought was fairly even,” commented Mincha boss Alan Pinhas, who wished his opponents well in the next round. Lowly Division Two outfit Scrabble FC B caused a huge shock by knocking out Division One highfliers Redbridge Jewish Care A 2-0. Veteran Andy Miller and Jeremy Teacher scored the goals to the delight of boss Jon Yantin. “The old boys calmly knocked out the favourites with a steady, organised, disciplined performance,” he said. “We always looked in control.” The clash between Faithfold C and Mill Hill Dons was postponed.

Highly experienced KS2 teacher has vacancy for two more pupils seeking expert tuition for SATs / Independent School entry Contact Suzanne Kushner on 020 8951 5317

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14 MARCH 2019

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Dan’s Premier League Column BY DAN SILVER Newcastle 4-4 Arsenal, 2011. Fulham 2-3 Newcastle, 2003. These are some of the greatest comebacks in not only Newcastle’s history but also the Premier League’s and last weekend, Newcastle vs Everton produced another exquisite game to add to this illustrious list. Newcastle stormed back from two goals down at half-time to beat Everton in a captivating match, leaving Toffees boss Marco Silva angry that Ayoze Perez’s winner was not disallowed for offside. Perez capped a stellar performance by whipping the ball past Jordan Pickford in the 84th minute after the Everton defence failed to react to Isaac Hayden’s lofted pass back into the box. Perez had levelled three minutes earlier when Pickford spilled Miguel Almiron’s stinging drive into his path, while he also set up Rondon’s fine volley to get the hosts back into the game. Until then, Rafael Benitez’s side had felt aggrieved at Mason’s decision not to send Pickford off for a foul on Rondon, with the England goalkeeper saving Matt Ritchie’s poor subsequent penalty. Moments after that save, Richarlison tapped in his side’s second after Martin Dubravka parried Andres Gomes’ low cross straight to the Everton winger. Dominic Calvert-Lewin got the opener on 18 minutes with a fine glancing header from Lucas Digne’s superb cross. But the Toffees faded badly in the face of Newcastle’s second-half onslaught and are now only three points in front of Benitez’s side, with Silva admitting his side “have to look at ourselves”. While unlucky and understandably frustrated to be 2-0 down at the interval, Newcastle were sloppy in the first half, not least when Ritchie stuttered in his run-up and hit a tame penalty down the middle that Pickford saved with his legs. Benitez replaced captain Jamaal Lascelles, who had a knee injury, with Paul Dummett at half-time and later changed the shape of his side - moving Dummett to left back and pushing Ritchie up from there to right midfield, which allowed Newcastle to be more direct against a shaky Everton defence. That defensive frailty was exposed on 65 minutes when Hayden played a hopeful pass up to Perez, who had only Rondon in support against four Everton defenders. But Perez won the header back to Rondon, spun and received the return pass before deftly chipping to the Venezuela striker to volley beyond Pickford from 12 yards. “The first goal was a great goal - I was joking that if Lionel Messi had done what Ayo did and Alan Shearer finished like Rondon, everybody would have been talking for a month about that,” said Benitez. Dummett looped a header over when Rondon was better placed behind him but Newcastle kept coming and drew level on 81 minutes as Almiron struck from 30 yards and Perez slotted in the rebound after Pickford failed to push it wide. Frustration had given way to fervent

PHOTO: LAWRENCE PURCELL

Granit Xhaka

PHOTO: WIKIMEDIA

“Tottenham Hotspur, we’re coming for you” chants filled Emirates Stadium at the final whistle urgency and Everton wilted, their defence caught static as Rondon brought down Hayden’s lofted pass and Perez stabbed in the winner. A day to savour for the Magpies and a day to remember for football itself. Ole Gunnar Solskjaer suffered his first Premier League defeat since being appointed Manchester United’s interim manager as Arsenal leapfrogged their opponents to move into the top four. Switzerland midfielder Granit Xhaka beat David de Gea with a swerving shot from outside the penalty area, which the United keeper was expected to stop. Arsenal keeper Bernd Leno produced two crucial saves to keep out Lukaku, before Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang doubled the hosts’ lead from the penalty spot after Fred’s foul on Alexandre Lacazette. The Gunners have won seven out of 10 top-flight games in 2019 and are one point behind north London rivals Tottenham, who sit third in the table, with eight games remaining. United, who started the weekend in fourth, drop to fifth in the race for a Champions League spot next season. “Tottenham Hotspur, we’re coming for you” chants filled Emirates Stadium at the final whistle as Arsenal fans celebrated a crucial win.

Last weekend, Aubameyang left Wembley dejected after his last-minute penalty was saved by Spurs keeper Hugo Lloris to deny Arsenal victory in the North London derby. Against United, he stepped forward and beat De Gea from the spot to seal a first victory over the Red Devils in five league and cup meetings. It was awarded after Fred’s forearm nudged into Lacazette, sending the French forward tumbling inside the box. Lacazette inspired one of Arsenal’s finest days under Unai Emery’s command. The Gunners were sharp, lively and industrious as they made amends after United eliminated them from the FA Cup six weeks ago. Emery named six players who started Thursday’s Europa League defeat by Rennes in his starting line-up, but there was little sign of fatigue as the hosts came flying out of traps. Arsenal have now played all their Champions League chasing rivals and in my opinion, a place in Europe’s most prestigious competition next season is very much in their own hands. United have got used to winning under Solskjaer and it will be interesting to see how they respond to a first domestic setback under the Norwegian. After their incredible midweek exploits

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against Paris St-Germain, they started slowly - although Lukaku will wonder how he did not put United ahead from their first serious attack. The visitors paid the price when they conceded their earliest league goal under Solskjaer and, despite creating chances, were not clinical enough in the final third. Paul Pogba was disappointing on his return to the side but he was by no means the only United player who failed to reach recent heights. This was only United’s second defeat in 18 league and cup games under Solskjaer. A place in the top four remains in their sight, although they will need an immediate reaction when they return to league action after this month’s international break. Two late goals in five minutes earned Southampton an incredible victory against Tottenham, whose top-four hopes took a nosedive. James Ward-Prowse earned the win with a sensational free-kick from 25 yards to keep the Saints two points clear of the Premier League relegation zone. The midfielder’s strike came after calamitous defending allowed Southampton to draw level via Yan Valery, who pounced on Danny Rose’s mistake. Victory seemed unlikely after a first half dominated by Spurs who took the lead when Harry Kane scored his 200th career goal. But the amazing turnaround earned Ralph Hasenhuttl’s team a second consecutive home win - the first time Southampton have achieved that since December 2016. Pochettino was cast as a bystander as he returned to his former employers and watched his team unravel from the stands. That was in contrast to the first period when the visitors hit the woodwork twice before Kane’s opener, after Maya Yoshida fired against his own post and Christian Eriksen clipped the bar with a free-kick. Dele Alli, who returned to the side after a seven-week injury absence, was a constant threat and set up Kane’s 24th goal of the season. Part of the turnaround was because of Southampton’s extra impetus, provided by the excellent Sims, making his first appearance of the season after being on loan at Reading, and Shane Long, who also came on at the break but was taken off injured. But Rose’s decision to let the ball through his legs close to goal handed the hosts a welcome boost. And they never looked back as Stuart Armstrong strode forward in search of a winner only to be tripped by Kyle Walker-Peters, who was perhaps fortunate to only receive a yellow card. That looked like a let-off, but with WardProwse deadly from 25 yards out, he still made Spurs pay. Considering Spurs still have to face the top two, Manchester City and Liverpool, achieving top four this season is starting to look like it might be a challenge for the Lilywhites, who only a few weeks ago were in contention for the title.


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