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The JEWISH STAR

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Vaera • Friday, January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves 5778 • Luach page 19 • Torah columns pages 20 – 21 • Vol 17, No 2

The Newspaper of our Orthodox communities

KolSave, discount mart, opens at site of Brach’s

As the ribbon is cut at the opening of KolSave Market on Monday, Nassau County Executive Laura Curran is flanked by (from left) Achiezer Founder and President Rabbi Boruch Ber Bender, Gourmet Glatt’s Yoeli Steinberg, Howie Klagsburn and Moshe Ratner, and (in back at right) KolSave store manager Mendy Herz. The Jewish Star / Ed Weintrob

By Ed Weintrob KolSave Market, a new discount kosher supermarket, opened on Monday in the former Brach’s building at 11 Lawrence Lane in Lawrence. “KolSave is all about savings, savings on everything,” Purchasing Manager Howie Klagsburn said at a ribbon cutting event moments before eager shoppers began scouring the store’s wide aisles and filling their carts. Klagsburn said the new store would be stocked with merchandise that would “save everyone in this community a significant amount of money on their weekly shopping bills.” While KolSave’s warehouse-style ambiance and lower prices differentiate it from its parents, the Gourmet Glatt markets in neighboring Cedarhurst and Woodmere, it is nonetheless an attractive facility with a large selection of merchandise, including packaged groceries, fresh meat and poultry, produce, dairy and bakery items, and prepared foods. Some goods are available in multi- or super-packs, and the store carries both name brand and offbrand items, to increase discount options. As was the case with Brach’s, which closed in May 2016, there is ample free parking. Many people “really need to stretch every dollar to pay the tuition and everything else we have to do for our children and grandchildren,” Klagsburn

said. He added that leaders in the Five Towns, including rabbis, had urged Gourmet Glatt to offer the community a budget shopping option. Nassau’s new county executive, Laura Curran, joined Gourmet Glatt and KolSave managers, and Achiezer Founder and President Rabbi Boruch Ber Bender, in cutting the ribbon. Initially, KolSave will be open Sunday through Tuesday from 9 am to 7 pm; Wednesday from 9 am to 10 pm; Thursday from 9 am to 11 pm, and Friday from 8 am to 2:30 pm (with erev Shabbos closing times extended as the day lengthens). The new market split the former Brach’s building with Amazing Savings, which plans to open in February, with the site being called Savings Plaza.

Delta is sued NBN flight reflects new turn for olim for ‘Hell Aviv’ anti-Semitism Some of the 93 olim who rode Nefesh B’Nefesh’s 19th aliyah flight of 2017, at Ben Gurion Airport with Rabbi Yehoshua Fass, co-founder and executive director of NBN (in white shirt), on Dec. 27. Larry Luxner

are non-Orthodox, with a growing number of single, non-Orthodox young adults moving to Tel Aviv, Rabbi Fass said. Most immigrants move to locales with strong English-speaking communities, such as Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Modiin, Beit Shemesh and Raanana. But increasingly, olim are finding homes elsewhere. See NBN flight on page 6

Super SpecialS Pages 14-15

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By Ben Sales, JTA It wasn’t long after Nahum Amir began working for Delta Airlines as a mechanic that he says his manager started calling him “the Jewish guy.” Then Amir says the manager accused him and other Jews of “killing kids in Gaza.” During the same period, Yaron Gilinsky was working as a Delta flight attendant on flights from New York to Tel Aviv. Except, he says, his non-Jewish co-workers would call it “Hell Aviv.” Gilinsky remembers some, including managers, See Delta suit on page 9

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Complaints filed by Jews working flights to Israel

By Larry Luxner, for NBN As a group of well-wishers waved tiny Israeli flags and shouted “Welcome home,” Diane Hewitt of Hoboken, New Jersey, off the El Al jet that had just flown her to Tel Aviv from New York, cradling her 8-year-old blind beagle, Annie, in her arms. A retired jewelry industry executive, Hewitt had always dreamed of moving to Israel, but she didn’t want to leave behind her daughter, Sarah. But after Sarah herself immigrated to Israel a year ago and married an Israeli, there was little to keep Hewitt in New Jersey. “I came to Israel for the first time in 2014, got off the plane and fell in love,” Hewitt said as she petted Annie, who had accompanied her as an ESA, or emotional support animal (Hewitt has Parkinson’s disease). “You feel at home, and everybody is family. It’s a feeling like no other.” Hewitt arrived at Ben-Gurion International Airport on Dec. 27 along with 92 other new immigrants aboard the last of 19 Nefesh B’Nefesh’s 2017 aliyah flights. The specially designated flights brought the total number of immigrants to Israel from the United States and Canada to 3,633 for the year. Overall, about 29,000 immigrants from around the world arrived in Israel in 2017. The last year saw a noticeable shift in the types of immigrants coming to Israel from North America, according to Rabbi Yehoshua Fass, co-founder and executive director of Nefesh B’Nefesh. While about 65 percent of Americans and Canadians immigrating to Israel as families consider themselves Orthodox, approximately 60 percent of single olim


Will Iran protests kill the awful nuclear deal? Analysis by Ron Kampeas, JTA WASHINGTON — The depth and breadth of popular Iranian anger over government corruption and a failing economy have taken the West by surprise. Until Dec. 28, this was the calculus in Washington: Would President Trump kill the 2015 nuclear agreement or be content with dismissing it as “the worst deal” in history. Now the question is whether Trump sees the demonstrations and their repression by Tehran as an additional spur — or even the last straw — that would convince him to pull the United States out of the pact. In a Washington Post op-ed published last Thursday berating the Obama administration for its handling of Iran, Vice President Mike Pence said that additional actions definitely were an option, given the latest protests. In mid-January, Trump has two deadlines looming: •Whether to certify Iran’s compliance with the deal: Under a 2015 law passed by a Congress skeptical of President Barack Obama’s agreement, the deal requires certification every 90 days. Trump refused to certify the last time the 90 days were up, in October, effectively punting the issue to Congress. Doing so again would have the same effect; it would be up to Congress to reimpose sanctions. •Whether to waive the nuclear sanctions: The sanctions are renewable every 120 days under laws passed early in the Obama administration. Trump may also reimpose the nuclear sanctions by executive order at any time. Not waiving the nuclear sanctions or reimposing them would effectively pull the United States out of the deal. We asked experts who favor and oppose the Iran deal two questions: How would the protests influence Trump’s decision-making on whether to stick with the deal? And is there a connection between the deal and the protests? Here’s what they had to say.

Students protesting at the University of Tehran on Dec. 30.

The protests may be last straw. Mark Dubowitz, director of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, who has counseled the White House on its Iran strategy, said the protests could spur Congress and America’s European allies to finally take up Trump’s challenge in October — essentially to “fix it or nix it,” amend the terms or walk away. “The protests reinforce the administration’s view that the Iranian regime is an odious, expansionist and destructive force in the Middle East,” Dubowitz said. “Its foreign adventurism and domestic repression must be confronted using all instruments of American power.” The protests are exactly the wrong time to end the nuclear deal. Dan Shapiro, Obama’s ambassador to Israel from 2011 until a year ago, said scrapping the deal would play into Khamenei’s claims that out-

STR/AFP/Getty Images

side actors are trying to influence the protests. Daryl Kimball, who directs the Arms Control Association, said killing the deal would be a gift to Khamenei. “If Trump decides to reimpose the nuclearrelated sanctions waived under the terms of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, he will be creating a nonproliferation and security crisis and providing top Iranian officials — particularly Ayatollah Ali Khamenei — a propaganda bonanza,” Kimball said. “If Trump unilaterally reimposes all the nuclear sanctions, it will allow the Iranian regime to blame the U.S. for the regime’s failures to address the grievances of those who are marching in the streets.” Alireza Nader, a senior Iran expert at the Rand Corp., a think tank that frequently consults with the Pentagon, said it made no sense to rattle the Iran deal when there were many other non-

nuclear sanctions options that could squeeze the regime. Taking Iran off the list of Muslim-majority nations whose citizens are banned entry to the United States would be a signal to Iranians that the United States is heeding their plight. Another measure would be to remove sanctions on U.S. information firms doing business in Iran, Nader said. That would “make sure that Iranians have access to technology that gets information in and out of Iran,” he said. The nuclear deal helped get us here, in a bad way. Deal opponents say the nuclear deal freed up cash that the Iranian regime is now using to fund its military adventurism — and to repress protests. In his op-ed, Pence said the pact “flooded the regime’s coffers with tens of billions of dollars in cash — money that it could use to repress its own people and support terrorism across the wider world.” The nuclear deal helped get us here, in a good way. Obama-era officials sent mixed messages on the deal when it was being negotiated. Some, like Secretary of State John Kerry, hoped it would moderate the regime. Others, like Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew, argued that taking a nuclear threat off the table — however temporarily — made it easier to squeeze a recalcitrant Iran for its other bad acts. Nader of the Rand Corp. said the latter argument appears to have been validated, to a degree: Non-nuclear sanctions that Obama kept in place and Trump has reinforced have afflicted Iran’s economy, helping to spur the uprising. But the real villain is the regime’s incompetence and corruption. “The economy in Iran is abysmal, and U.S. sanctions have contributed to that,” he said. “But the No. 1 blame should go to the Iranian regime for being corrupt.”

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10 YEARS OF DEDICATION 10 COMMUNITY PATRONS

THE JEWISH STAR January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778

tribute of a decade

community patron awardees

Dovid Bloom

Aron Solomon

FA R R O C K AWAY

CEDARHURST

Jay Gelman

Yakov Mirocznik

LAWRENCE

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Moti Hellman

Moshe Schreiber

FA R R O C K AWAY

FA R R O C K AWAY

Ben Lowinger

Shulie Wollman

LAWRENCE

FA R R O C K AWAY

Michael Krengel

Joel Yarmak

WOODMERE

LAWRENCE

Ronald Lowinger

Lloyd Keilson

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French reform leader attacked over J’salem stance By Cnaan Liphshiz, JTA PARIS — When Delphine Horvilleur, France’s best-known female Jewish spiritual leader, began appearing regularly in the media, her friends and relatives feared it would expose her to threats or attacks by anti-Semites. Several years later it appears they were only partially wrong. Horvilleur’s media profile does invite hate speech and abuse online — but mostly from other Jews. Following a reference to Jerusalem during a television interview last month, Horvilleur became the punching bag of the local branch of the Jewish Defense League and a vocal minority among ultra-conservative Jews. Stopping short of threatening to harm her physically, several dozen people wrote hateful statements against Horvielleur on far-right websites and in social media following her Dec. 25 interview with the broadcaster Inter. In the interview, she said that while Jerusalem is Israel’s capital, it should not be used a political pawn — and that the city may become a Palestinian capital as well. That disagreement with those who think Jerusalem is unequivocally and indivisibly a Jewish capital led the French Jewish Defense League to accuse her of “stabbing Israel in the back.” “The scum Delphine Horvilleur proudly displays her Kapo credentials. Unfortunately, Jews didn’t have a choice during the Holocaust,” the league said on its official Twitter account on Dec. 27. “But this liberal, left-wing excrement is a disgrace to our community. DelphineHorvilleur — shameful Jewess!” A far-right activist called Yosh Nakache sent Horvilleur a threatening text message warning that unnamed people would “come and explain to you loud and clear to stop speaking for the real Jewish people instead of your made up liberal one,” adding that “the more you speak out, the more escalated the reaction will be.” Reviled by some of her detractors for being a woman rabbi — one post called on her to “return to the kitchen” — and by others for being a left-leaning Jew, this has been the most intense episode of incitement against Horvilleur, already a longtime favorite target for a handful of French Jewish provocateurs. An author of several books on theology, Horvilleur is editor of a Jewish magazine and a married mother of three who lives in the heart of this capital city. The incitement against Horvilleur isn’t an uncommon reaction in a community where many feel on edge. A wave of anti-Semitic and Islamist attacks has caused thousands of French Jews to leave and is exposing those who remain to the worst security threats

Delphine Horvilleur says she won’t be intimidated by hateful stateMJLF ments about her and threats on social media.

experienced by their community since the Holocaust. Jews with extreme views on the right as well as the left regularly come under vociferous attacks by coreligionists for their perceived betrayal. But the attack on Horvilleur was different because, despite being a Reform rabbi in a community that is predominantly Orthodox and increasingly conservative, she is a mainstream leader of French Jewry, with strong pro-Israel credentials. Horvilleur was invited last year to officiate alongside the Orthodox chief rabbi, Haim Korsia, at the funeral of Simone Weil, a Holocaust survivor who became health minister and one of France’s most influential politicians. Though it was not Rabbi Korsia’s choice — his office attempted to downplay Horvilleur’s role at the funeral — the ceremony was nonetheless an interdenominational first in France. “Jerusalem is being instrumentalized on all sides today,” Horvilleur said in the broadcast interview when asked about President Donald Trump’s Dec. 6 declaration that the United States recognizes the city as Israel’s capital. “Trump declared something which is an administrative reality. For Israelis, Jerusalem is today the incontestable capital of their country, but this lacks a certain broader vision.”

For some, she added, “it became almost a theological assertion, as though Donald Trump suddenly became a pope or a great rabbi. In others it triggers the desire to contest Israel’s legitimacy to exist under any circumstances.” Asked whether Jerusalem could also become the capital of a Palestinian state, Horvilleur gave what she acknowledged in an interview to JTA was a “cautious” answer. “It could, yes, there would need to be reflection on a solution that takes into account the attachment of everyone to the city — which doesn’t change the fact that today, Jerusalem is the capital of Israel,” she told the Inter interviewer. Following the incitement against Horvilleur, the CRIF umbrella of French Jewish communities published a statement stating that it condemns the “hateful remarks” against Horvilleur, adding that those who made them should be “prosecuted and convicted.” The Liberal Union of Jews in France denounced the incitement in a statement that noted the hate speech came “from within the community” and that the Jewish tradition is “unequivocal” in its disapproval of such rhetoric. But the Consistoire, the organization that represents most of France’s Orthodox synagogues, has not spoken out on the issue. “It seems that this fringe minority suddenly is succeeding in getting away with its actions as the still majority stays mum,” Horvilleur said. That may be a result of lessons learned from the last time the Consistoire waded into an acrimonious internal debate between ultra-conservatives and an outspoken female spiritual leader to many French Jews. In June, a rabbi from Marseille harshly criticized Liliane Vana, a philologist and expert on Jewish law, for her role in organizing a seminar at a Jewish community center that featured women reading the Torah, an action viewed as sacrilegious by some Orthodox Jews. As the Consistoire gingerly attempted to walk back the harsh verbal attack, the event escalated into a scandal. It prompted two small demonstrations by young Orthodox men and a slew of insults and threats by other French Jews, in Marseille and beyond, all critical of Vana. That “rather banal statements trigger such an outpouring of hate is a sign of how intolerant our Jewish community has become to respectful disagreement, which is the essence of Jewish democratic values and thought,” Horvilleur told JTA. “French Jewry is ill, and only it can cure itself.”

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5 THE JEWISH STAR January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778

‫ישיבה דרך איתן‬

Sefer Zikaron

‫ע”ש מרן רבי‬ ‫אברהם יפה'ן זצ”ל‬

Y E S H I VA O F FA R R O C K AWAY YAAKOV AND ILANA MELOHN CAMPUS

A Sefer Zikaron, dedicated

IN MEMORY OF REB YOSEF MELOHN Z”L

to the memory of Rabbi Brafman ZT”L, is being planned in conjunction with the dinner. Talmidim, chaveirim, mispallelim, and family members are invited to submit divrei Torah, articles, memoirs, vignettes, and photos. Submissions may be sent via email to zikaron@ yofr.org or mailed to the Yeshiva before January 22nd. Please note: space constraints may limit us from including

The Rabbi

some submissions. Originals may not be returned.

Aaron Brafman

Rabbi Avrohom Boruch Brafman

TRIBUTE DINNER

Dinner Chairman

Mr. Joel Ganz Journal Chairman

C o m m e m o r a t i n g a L i f e o f B u i l d i n g Ta l m i d i m

Tribute Committee Mr. Moshe Majeski Chairman

Mr. Chaim Balter Dr. Joel Baum Dr. Tzvi Rubin Mr. David Schreiber, Esq.

Mr. Benjamin Brafman Guest of Honor L

Alumni Tribute Committee

Accepting the Rabbi Aaron Brafman Memorial Tribute

Mr. Yossi Deutsch Chairman

Mr. Yanky Kleinkaufman Dr. Yaakov Leb Mr. Aaron Martin Mr. Matis Miller

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Lone soldier experience as a family affair says Ari Kalker, 33, a New Yorker who served in By Deborah Fineblum, JNS Unlike the 18-year-old in the next bunk, no- Lebanon and runs housing for the Jerusalembody is drafting or otherwise forcing the enlist- based Lone Soldier Center named in memory ment of the IDF’s American, French, British, Ca- of his friend, former American-born IDF soldier nadian, Swiss, South African, Australian, Peruvian Michael Levin. The center welcomes more than 3,500 lone soldiers annually. and Filipino lone soldiers. The army gives lone soldiers “extra support, So why would 7,200 young Jews from across the globe sign up for several years of hard labor, but in return the country gets a core of highly mothe world’s toughest commanders and less-than-gourmet food—not to mention the possibility of danger— all delivered in a foreign language? “A lot of people pity us, thinking we’re all alone here,” says former lone soldier Haviva Yanover, a native of New York. “But to be able to serve like this, to show your love and support of the Jewish people and Israel this way, I knew if I didn’t do this now I may never do it and I would always regret not having this chance.” Fifteen future IDF lone soldiers arrived in Israel during the final From left: Brothers Adam, Eitan and Yered Stufflebeam, who week of 2017 aboard a flight char- have all served as IDF lone soldiers. Courtesy Stufflebeam family tered by Nefesh B’Nefesh. For many, the lone soldier experience is a tivated young people, many of them winding up family affair. Stacie Stufflebeam of Pittsburgh as officers,” he says. Meanwhile, the 35 percent spoke with JNS shortly after she dropped her of lone soldiers who opt to return to their native four sons off at the airport for their return flight countries “become Israel’s best advocates, espeto Israel. One of her sons is in the army, two have cially on campus,” he adds. Lone soldiering is a bridge that can help span completed their active service and are studying at university, and the youngest will be joining differences in culture and language, says Sgt. Yered Stufflebeam, Stacie’s son, who at 21 is the IDF soon. If one would have predicted five years ago that learning how to handle a rifle while his American so many of her kids would serve in the IDF, Stuf- friends are choosing courses for next semester. “I thought I had a pretty good level of Hebrew, flebeam says with a laugh that she “would have said, ‘not happening.’ We raised them to love Is- but in basic training they talk really fast,” Yered says. “I’ll never forget the day we were out on rael, but they’ve gone so much further.” Linda Flaster, who formerly lived in Phoenix the shooting range. The sergeant was giving diand now resides in Lancaster, Pa., has seen five of rections, and I had almost no idea what he was her six children make aliyah and four—including telling us to do.” “These kids reach a level of maturity that their only daughter—become lone soldiers. The children were raised in what Flaster calls a “basic American kids just don’t,” says Stacie Stufflebeam. Having seen all three of his daughters step up Conservative home” and attended public schools. Now, the mother visits Israel often and tries to to defend Israel, Haviva Yanover’s father, Rabbi Ari Korenblit, is filled equally with pride and “panever miss an IDF tekes (ceremony). “If our children had not gone this route, our rental concern.” “There is such a powerful sense of fulfillment, lives would have been a lot easier but less meaningful,” she says about the dozen years that one or and still the reaction of a parent whose child is potentially in harm’s way,” Rabbi Korenblit says. more of her kids have been lone soldiers. Lone soldiers are given an extra day a month “What helps me sleep at night is faith.” Haviva’s mother, Diane Reik, says she is “fiercefor errands; a month to go home and be with their families; and enough extra money in their paycheck ly proud” of her three daughters “for their dedicato pay for food, rent, appliances and all the other tion and the strength in their inner core. But that amenities other soldiers get from their families. doesn’t diminish the fact that I miss them terribly. They are assigned an “adoptive family” to welcome We raised them for this, but there’s no mother them with food, hot showers and laundry, as well as who won’t admit it’s hard.” Stufflebeam reflects that her four sons “speak to share Shabbat and holidays with. There are now two centers dedicated to the needs of lone soldiers, the same language now, and I don’t just mean Heand numerous houses across the country where brew. They share a closeness now that goes beyond being brothers to doing something together they can let their hair down and be kids again. “The centers are a home away from home,” that they so strongly believe in.”

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Continued from page 1 In 2017, Nefesh B’Nefesh launched “Go Beyond,” an initiative organized in partnership with KKL to encourage new immigrants to settle in Israel’s less densely populated northern and southern regions. Hundreds answered the call. Last year’s 3,633 arrivals from North America — ranging in age from 5 weeks to 102 years — included 377 families, 677 children, 358 Israeli soldiers, 54 doctors and 16 psychologists. Broken down by state and province, they came mostly (in descending order) from New York, California, New Jersey, Florida, Ontario, Maryland and Quebec. “We want to make sure individuals in the Diaspora know there are options and real opportunities in areas that they might not have explored,” Rabbi Fass said. He noted that smaller towns in northern and southern Israel are “far

more affordable than Tel Aviv or Jerusalem.” Popular destinations in northern Israel include Safed, Karmiel, Zichron Yaakov and Tiberias, with Beersheba, Ashkelon, Eilat, Ofakim and Mitzpe Ramon among choices in the south. Since its founding in 2002, Nefesh B’Nefesh — which works with Israel’s Ministry of Aliyah and Integration, the Jewish Agency for Israel, Keren Kayemeth LeIsrael (KKL) and JNF-USA to facilitate Jewish immigration to Israel from the United States, Canada and Great Britain — has brought nearly 55,000 people to Israel. December’s most recent arrivals included Phyllis Zur and her Israeli-born husband, Nitzan, of West Orange, New Jersey. “I had a lifelong dream to become a citizen of Israel,” Phyllis Zur said. “It’s taken me until now, at age 72, to realize it.” “I believe Israel is the insurance policy of the Jewish people,” she added while waiting for her luggage. “I want to be an example to my grandchildren.”


Common foes face Jewish students worldwide Student leaders from around the world at the 44th World Union of Jewish Students congress in Jerusalem.

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THE JEWISH STAR January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778

By Eliana Rudee, JNS They may live thousands of miles apart, but student activists from around the world identify various shared challenges living as Jews in their respective countries and campuses. At the 44th congress of the World Union of Jewish Students, in Jerusalem from Dec. 28 to Jan. 1, 157 delegates from 36 countries gathered to connect and what it means to be a Jewish student leader today. Outgoing WUJS Chairperson Yos Tarshish said major issues facing Jewish college students are anti-normalization efforts against students who “have any sort of connection to Israel” as well as the rise of far-right, neo-Nazi political parties. Yanir Grindler, WUJS chair at the University of Witwatersrand (Wits) in Johannesburg, said racial identity plays a “big part in the discussion on campus.” “South African Jews are seen as white before they are seen as Jewish … [they] assume that we represent Israel,” and as a result, “student societies, movements, and NGOs that represent South African civil society won’t engage with us because of our whiteness,” Grindler told JNS. Grindler said that during “Israeli Apartheid Week” on the Wits campus, BDS activists aimed to persuade students by framing their agenda as a class-based and race-based struggle, erecting a mock demonstration “where one side is soldiers, representing white, middle class South African Jews and Israel … and the other side [are] underprivileged students.” In Austria, WUJS student activists claim that the biggest challenge comes not from the left, but from the far right. Benjamin Guttmann, co-president with Benjamin Hess of the Austrian Union of Jewish Students, said “that our anti-Semitic government isn’t a partisan or political issue,” said Guttmann. He said the Austrian Freedom Party, which is part of recently elected Chancellor Sebastian Kurz’s governing coalition, is a “far-right party founded by the members of the former Nazi party” and a “serious threat not only to Jews, but also to democracy.” Hess voiced concern about new members of the Austrian government and parliamentarians whom he described as “right-wing, anti-Semitic and … active in militant neo-Nazi organizations.” To address this, the Austrian student leaders built coalitions between campuses and countries, working with WUJS to issue a statement against their government. Further, they plan to put together an open letter signed by WUJS representatives “to show that Jewish students stand united against this ideology,” said Guttmann. Nurit Becker, a student in Mexico City, told JNS that her biggest takeaway from the congress was learning that apathy within the Jewish student community is both the main challenge she finds in Mexico and a common obstacle for students worldwide. As the head of international relations for the Mexican WUJS delegation, Becker has made it her mission to address apathy in her country’s universities through projects that activate students to get involved with issues that face the Jewish community. She said she also collaborates with other student leaders to “help each other and share campaigns.” Becker said Mexico experiences very little antiSemitism, and was surprised to hear about her peers’ encounters with Jew-hatred and anti-Zionism. “At the congress,” she said, “I learned that the life in Mexico for Jewish people is a completely different reality [from the situation in other countries].”

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Synagogue ‘runs out of people,’ buries its past By Alanna E. Cooper NEW CASTLE, Pa. — It was a frigid 10 degrees on Sunday, the last day of 2017, but 20 people gathered at Congregation Tifereth Israel’s cemetery in this city of 22,000 on the Ohio border. A few days before, cemetery caretakers had carefully lowered into a grave cardboard boxes containing yahrtzeit plaques, tallit and other ritual items. The mourners had come to bury, in a sense, their synagogue. Congregation Tifereth Israel was founded nearly 125 years ago. Linked first to the canal system and later to the railroad, the town’s population swelled at the turn of the 20th century as its manufacturing base grew. Tin plate and paper mills and steel and ceramic factories brought great prosperity to the region. Ancillary businesses cropped up to support the growing population. Many of these — drug stores, department stores, furniture stores, groceries — were owned by New Castle’s Jewish residents. Bruce Waldman told me that he was born in New Castle in 1942, and that one day he will be buried here. His plot in the Tifereth Israel cemetery is already designated. Waldman’s father also was a New Castle native and is buried here. His grandfather, who was among the New Castle Jewish community founders, had emigrated from Eastern Europe via Pittsburgh, 50 miles south. When Waldman was a boy in the 1950s, the town’s population reached its peak of 48,834, and its two synagogues — the Reform Temple Israel and Tifereth Israel, originally Orthodox but joining the Conservative movement mid-century — together served 300 to 400 active families. As the economy changed in the 1960s, New Castle’s population dwindled, along with many other Rust Belt cities; today the number stands at about 23,000. Those looking for a more robust Jewish community for their children went elsewhere; others simply moved away for better economic opportunities. Waldman’s two sons left for college and never returned. One now lives in

Congregants from Temple Hadar Israel in New Castle, Pa., gathering at the local Tifereth Israel cemAlanna E. Cooper etery to bury ritual objects from their defunct synagogue.

Sydney, Australia, and the other in New York. Faced with shrinking numbers, the town’s two Jewish congregations merged in 1997. The newly named Temple Hadar Israel operated out of the Tifereth Israel building and remained affiliated with the Conservative movement. The consolidation helped retain some vibrancy. Still, as the population continued to age and young people became scarce, it became difficult to gather a minyan for Shabbat services. “We never ran out of money,” Sam Bernstine, the congregation’s president said, “but we ran out of people.” About five years ago, Temple Hadar Israel members reached out to the Jewish Community Legacy Project, an organization that works with small, dwindling congregations to help insure their legacies by preserving historic documents, cataloging and disposing of ritual objects, creating oral histories and divvying up assets. It has worked with 50 such communities and identified 100 more that meet its criteria for assistance.

“Do you want a dignified end?” Bernstine asked his fellow congregants. “Or do you want the last person left to have to shut off the lights?” Step by step the synagogue divested of its material assets. They donated their synagogue records, photographs and a few ritual items to the Rauh Jewish History Archives at the Heinz History Center in Pittsburgh, the Klau Library of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, and the Lawrence County Historical Society. Yahrtzeit plaques posed a delicate problem because each has a connection to a particular person. Members who still live in New Castle claimed their family members’, and efforts were made to locate relatives of those who grew up in New Castle but were now scattered across the country. Temple Hadar’s nine Torah scrolls went to congregations across the world to help those struggling to get by and reinvigorate others. Even with the great care to find a home for each ritual object, some remained orphaned. Among them were prayer books, prayer shawls,

curtains for the Torah ark and many unclaimed yahrtzeit plaques. Rather than dispose of them, a burial was planned. On Dec. 30, members of Temple Hadar Israel held prayer services in their sanctuary for the last time. Every person was called for an aliyah as the Torah was read, and people offered reflections at the final kiddush lunch. The following day, congregants drove through the snowy cemetery grounds to the pit that held the last of their items. Their part-time rabbi, Howard Stein of Pittsburgh, was not in attendance, as his own father had passed away the day before. A few weeks prior, Stein told me that his plan was to conduct the ceremony like a funeral. In his absence, the event was brief, ad hoc and raw. One man read a passage about the Cairo geniza, a famed storehouse of centuries of damaged Jewish texts and ritual objects. Another man spoke about honoring the word of G-d in the same way that we honor a deceased person. The ground was too cold to shovel dirt. Instead, congregants took hold of a few final items — including the prayer books that had been used for Shabbat services the day before — and together placed them into the hole. To close the ceremony, Eric Lidji, director of the Rauh Jewish History Program and Archives, offered a few words of reflection on the verse from Ecclesiastes: “There is a time for scattering stones and a time for gathering stones.” Although Temple Hadar Israel has disbanded, Lidji explained, its stones have been gathered in the archives and here, too, in the cemetery. As Lidji concluded, someone in the huddled group spoke up. “Shall we say Kaddish?” this person asked. They recited the prayer together, memorializing their shared past, their last act as a congregation. Alanna E. Cooper is director of Jewish Lifelong Learning at Case Western Reserve University and an adjunct assistant professor in its Department of Anthropology.

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January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778 THE JEWISH STAR

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Hamas, ’Jihad Gaza rift Analysis by Yaakov Lappin, JNS A Hamas ceasefire with Israel is being undermined by the activities of the second-largest terrorist faction in the Gaza Strip, Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ). Both Hamas and PIJ are ideologically committed to the Islamist goal of destroying Israel, and dedicate major resources to being able to wage rounds of armed conflict. Yet Hamas, which rules Gaza and maintains the largest terrorist-guerrilla army there, is keen on preserving a truce with Israel at this time. Its reasons for sticking with the ceasefire are based on self-preservation, as a new conflict now would jeopardize its base in the coastal territory. PIJ, the closest Palestinian faction to Iran, seems to view things differently. On Dec. 30, ter-

rorists fired mortar shells at a Kibbutz Kfar Aza, a community near the Gaza border in southern Israel. The attackers targeted a birthday ceremony held for fallen IDF soldier Oron Shaul, whose body remains in Hamas’s possession. Those who took part in the ceremony fled for cover as sirens sounded and mortars fell. Following President Trump’s recent recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, Hamas would find itself in a “very uncomfortable situation in the event of a clash with Palestinian Islamic Jihad, and therefore, we are continuing to live in the unsolvable equation in Gaza,” Prof. Uzi Rabi, a Middle East expert from Tel Aviv University, told JNS. An IDF investigation into the Dec. 30 attack revealed that the mortar shells used were manuSee Hamas on page 17

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Continued from page 1 making fun of haredi Jews’ beards and sidecurls. One non-Jewish fellow attendant called them “ugly Jews.” “At some point, it makes me feel ashamed and it makes me feel this person doesn’t respect me,” Gilinsky, 38, told JTA about his co-workers’ comments. “I was brought into this company because I speak Hebrew. I was brought into this company to take care of the clients that support that flight, and here this person is talking very derogatorily and putting down my faith, my people, everything that I grew up on.” Amir, an Israeli-American, and Gilinsky, who was born in Israel and lives in the United States, are each separately suing Delta in federal court for violating the Civil Rights Act, which prohibits discrimination based on ethnicity. Gilinsky is in the process of formally joining a suit filed last week by four other Delta employees who also allege anti-Semitic and anti-Israeli discrimination. Amir’s suit was filed Monday evening. “I have been subjected to a hostile and threatening environment based on my race and ethnicity,” Amir stated in a signed affidavit obtained by JTA. The manager, whom Amir names, “continues to make jokes and comments about Jewish people, including about circumcision. He would go to the computer room talking about Jewish people chopping off part of his private areas.” Both suits were filed by Philadelphia lawyer Brian Mildenberg. In a Jan. 3 statement, Delta says it “strongly condemns the allegations of discrimination described in this suit and will defend itself vigorously against them. As a global airline that brings people across the world together every day, Delta values diversity in all aspects of its business and has zero tolerance for discrimination.” After six years of hearing anti-Semitic comments, Gilinsky was fired in September because, he says, he made a Jewish friend his travel companion. Flight attendants are allowed to designate a friend or family member as their travel companion, which allows the companion to fly standby at a reduced rate. Gilinsky’s travel companion is a friend he had met on a flight to Israel in 2013. Although they live in different states — Gilinsky in California, the friend in New York — they stayed in touch and meet up in Israel. But Gilinsky says that Delta management, after questioning him about his friend, suspended him without pay and fired him two weeks later. “Almost every flight attendant I know has given their pass privileges to someone,” he told JTA. “It’s part of our benefits.” Gilinsky is set to join other plaintiffs, some non-Jewish, who also complain that Delta suspended or fired them because they shared their travel benefits with Jews and Israelis. One plaintiff, Cynthia Fukelman, alleges that Delta fired her because she was an Israeli Jew. The lawsuit says Delta employees derided Jews for praying in-flight and requesting kosher food. “Delta has encouraged and maintained an anti-Jewish, Hebrew and ethnic Israeli attitude among management,” the lawsuit says, adding that Delta managers “operate under an express assumption that ethnic Jews and Israelis, as employees and passengers, cannot be trusted, are aggressive and inappropriate, and engage in what are deemed to be ‘strange’ behaviors.” That Delta flight attendants would be antiSemitic is surprising, said Paula Kraft, the managing partner of the DaVinci Inflight Training Institute, which trains flight staff. Kraft said Delta takes particular care to train its crews in how to handle kosher food and the sensitivities involved in keeping kosher. “Delta has good, specific and detailed training on kosher [food] for the Jewish passengers,” Kraft said, adding that the attendants have “more understanding of why someone might demand that they have plastic utensils or why they’re not going to eat off of the aircraft’s china.” Amir won an award for his performance in 2014, and still works at Delta. He has complained to human resources about the antiSemitic harassment. But he says management

9 THE JEWISH STAR January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778

Delta suit...

handled the incident inappropriately, asking Amir to recount the story in front of his manager, about whom he was complaining, and suggest a punishment. He says Delta then refused to reprimand the manager for his statements, instead suggesting that Amir switch terminals. After a six-month break, Amir says the manager resumed the anti-Semitic slurs, suggesting that haredi men’s facial hair is fake and making derogatory comments about circumcision. Amir also claims the manager has subjected him to unsafe work conditions, in one instance demanding that Amir complete a 20-hour job in 90 minutes. Another time, the manager sent Amir to work alone in icy conditions. In another instance, Amir claims the manager sent him to clean up and repair an overflowed toilet on a 777 jet, and said, “You have to clean all of the Jewish shit off of these planes.” “He was joking around and gyrating his hips,” Amir said in the affidavit. “I fixed it because it is my job.”


January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778 THE JEWISH STAR

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The JEWISH STAR

School News

Send news and hi-res photos to Schools@TheJewishStar.com • Deadline Mondays at Noon

It’s Torah time for fathers, daughters, at area day schools

Breakfast at SKA

Pictured from left: Rabbi Shimon Laufer and SKA ninth grader Anni, Rabbi Liss and SKA ninth grader Sussy. Fathers of ninth graders joined their daughters for breakfast at the Stella K. Abraham High School for Girls. Head of School Helen Spirn spoke about each child’s individuality and the importance of fathers acknowledging the talents of each of their children and helping each daughter to actualize her strengths. Freshmen Sarah Leiderman and Ayelet Rosman delivered powerful divrei Torah and SKA mashgiach ruchani, Rabbi Daniel Eisenbach, In the second half of the program, participants broke into groups to play “Jeopardy.”

Learning at Midreshet Shalhevet

By Nava Yastrab, MSH ’19 Pictured from left: Avi and Hadassah Fertig, David and Ariella Kutoff The tenth annual Father-Daughter learning event took place last week at Midreshet Shalhevet. After morning classes, students met their fathers for a Carlos and Gabby’s lunch. Rabbi Efrem Schwalb, of Eitz Chaim of Dogwood Parkin, West Hempstead, was the day’s scholar in residence. He opened his topic and introduced the sources, but then allowed the fathers and daughters to investigate the sources for themselves and come up with their own conclusions to his question. Since the learning day was just four days before Asarah B’Tevet, the topic was why Jews really fast on Asarah B’Tevet and what actually happened on that day. The girls learned a lot with their fathers and grew closer to what it truly means to be a Jew. “I had a really nice time learning and going into the ideas being spoken about,” said Avygayl Zucker, MSH ’19. “It was really great that MSH gave us this opportunity and even greater that we got to share it with our fathers!” Yitz Elman, father of Rivkie Elman, MSH ’19, said, “It was a great shiur, we had a great time, and it was a great bonding opportunity for us. Home run.” “This year’s father daughter learning was interesting, fun, and provided both me and my father new ideas about the upcoming fast. All of this plus the dad jokes made father daughter learning a hit,” said Rivkie Elman, MSH ’19.

YCQ’s 77th dinner set for March 11

DRS malava malka

The sounds of lively music and dancing filled the air at DRS Yeshiva High School’s 21st annual Parent-Son Melave Malka. Menahel Rabbi Yisroel Kaminetsky said the event celebrated “the joy, fulfillment, and meaning that there is in being a Jew,” and highlighted the “positive Jewish energy that [the yeshiva] strives to inculcate in its talmidim with song, divrei Torah, food and dancing.” The entire DRS family — rabbeim, parents, and talmidim — joined to honor these aspects of the positive spirit of being Jewish.

SKA Day Cups

Over 140 eighth graders from metropolitan area elementary schools got a taste of what their high school experience at SKA would be like. On the last day of Chanukah, SKA student ambassadors welcomed the aspiring high schoolers. Mrs. Spirn, Mrs. Drebin, Ms. Flaumenhaft and Admissions Liason Ms. Fogel greeted all each girl they had met during the interview process and open house. The eighth graders heard from 10th and 11th grade student panelists who answered questions about SKA and discussed their own experiences since coming to the school. The eighth graders sat in on classes, electives and clubs.

The 77th anniversary scholarship dinner of Yeshiva of Central Queens will take place IY”H on Sunday, March 11, it was announced by YCQ’s Chairman of the Board Israel Glaser. Leading the slate of honorees are Guests of Honor David and Toby Reich of Kew Gardens Hills whose children Jonathan, Jennifer, and Allison are graduates of YCQ. Receiving the Keter Shem Tov award will be Five Towners Michael and Evelyn Schussheim, whose family involvement at YCQ spans over a period of five decades and three generations. The Schussheims have three grandchildren currently studying at YCQ. Their son Justin, a dentist by profession, is a popular basketball coach at YCQ and their daughter-in-law Alyssa brings Tanach to life as a morah to the girls in the junior high school. Selected as Parents of the Year are Avi and Shelly Peretz, parents of Daniel (‘11), Naomi (‘14), Benyamin (‘17) and Atara, a sixth grader. Since Daniel, their first son, entered YCQ 16 years ago, Shelly has been continuously active with the PTO on the Book Fair, Mothers’ Day Boutique, and the graduation committee. With the moral and logistical support of her husband Avi, she has successfully coordinated the Chanukah Boutique for many years. The yeshiva’s prestigious Educator Award will be bestowed on Rabbi Yaakov Dovid Finkelstein, who is marking his 18th year as one of YCQ’s most effective and popular rebbeim. Having studied at the finest yeshivot in Canada, the U.S. and Israel, and possessing a master’s degree in education and special education, Rabbi Finkelstein embarked on a mission to utilize his boundless energy and creativity to continuously captivate the interests of his students as he prepares them for lives of enthusiastic Torah Jews. YCQ will present its Alumni Award to Marc Merrill, class of 2001. YCQ President Joel Wein has asked parents, alumni and friends to express their hakarat hatov to the yeshiva and to the honorees by contributing generously to the YCQ Scholarship Fund to help subsidize the cost of educating the children of families who have had difficulty with their tuition. For more information visit www.ycqdinner.com.


11 THE JEWISH STAR January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778

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HAFTR parents view STEM push

January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778 THE JEWISH STAR

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In today’s hi-tech world, STEM is an important part of the educational curriculum in any school. HAFTR has created a robust Nursery–12 program in which every student participates in STEM classes, and those STEM skills are embedded into the everyday curriculum.

CAHAL at YOSS grade 1 Chumash event

The boys of Rabbi Binyomin Jacobs’ first grade CAHAL class at Yeshiva of South Shore celebrated an important milestone in their chinuch on Sunday. They wore silver crowns on their heads and, along with Rabbi Henach Gewirtz’s first grade class, received their very first chumashim.

Recently, HAFTR’s parent body was invited by to see first hand what the students have been experiencing. A digital playground was created for hands-on experience for the parents. Parents used robotics, laser cutters, 3D printers, light tables, Raspberry Pi stations, and more. They were also able to observe the vertical integration that the STEM program brings to HAFTR, as each division of the school builds upon the skills learned in prior grade levels.

Toy chessed Shulamith girls deliver the goods Left: Grade 8 Chesed Committee members Elisha Schecter, Rivky Kolodny, Gizzy Gestetner, and Daniella Leviyev loaded a van with toys for the children of Ohel.

HANC Plainview students on the job Right: HANC Plainview held a Chanukah toy drive and the gifts were delivered to Chai Lifeline to distribute to many children. A big thank you to the students and their parents who participated in the wonderful mitzvah.

25 mark excellence at HANC High School

SKA production

The talented production cast and crew of the Stella K. Abraham High School for Girls in Cedarhurst channeled all their efforts since the beginning of the school year to make this year’s annual Production — “Journeys” — one of the most memorable ones ever. It was staged on motzei Shabbat, Dec. 30, and Sunday evening, Dec. 31, under the leadership SKA faculty and staff including Terri Wagner, Suzy Libin, and Meredith Pyle, Heidi Bressler, Aliza Palgon, Shana Leben, and Dani Sudwerts.

Twenty-five new members were inducted into the National Honor Society as HANC High School held its 42nd National Honor Society Induction Ceremony, honoring the 36 members of this prestigious organization and welcoming 14 new inductees into the Maalot Chapter. Members of the Honor Society must maintain a 92 average and represent excellence in Torah, scholarship, service, character, and leadership. HANC’s principal-menahel, Rabbi Shlomo Adelman, opened the event with a d’var Torah that emphasized the importance of living life as a true ben or bat-Torah. Marie Palaia, associate principal and honor society faculty adviser, welcomed officers of the society to the stage to light candles and speak about the tenets that represent the pillars on which the organization stands. Co-Presidents Batsheva Moskowitz and Zackary Plutzer, Co-Vice Presidents Adena Cohen and Aeton Rabanipour, and Historian Joshua Vilkas, each delivered a d’var Torah. and an explanation before lighting their candle. Rabbi Daniel Mezei, director of student life; Marie Palaia, associate principal; and Tziporah Zucker, assistant principal, presented the new inductees with their official certificates and membership cards. English Department Chair Sam Kintzer was chosen by the members of the honor society to deliver the keynote address. He urged the students to keep on dreaming and said that anything is possible. Rabbi Etan Ehrenfeld, dean of students; and Karen Sheff, director of college guidance, read the accomplishments of senior members and thanked each student for their service to HANC. The members presented a yellow rose to their parents and grandparents to show their hakarat hatov for guiding them to where they are today.


13

The Hebrew Academy of Nassau County welcomed representatives from eight prestigious colleges and universities to its third biennial college panel and min-fair for high school students and their parents. Organized by Director of College Guidance Karen Sheff and Assistant Director of College Guidance Marisa Gelb, the event provided attendees with critical information. Participants — from Brandeis University, Cooper Union, Hofstra University, Queens College, SUNY Albany, SUNY Binghamton, Touro’s Lander Colleges, and Yeshiva University — answered questions about the selection process for admission to their institution. Panel members provided insightful information about academic and standardized test requirements, appropriate high school course loads, and which components of the application their institution focuses on during the admission’s process. The panel also discussed Jewish life on campus and the variety of opportunities available to students at the various schools.

Shulamith mom-daughter glow

For Shulamith Mothers and Daughters, it was “a Time to Glow,” and the school’s annual Mother-Daughter Melava Malka held at Beth Sholom. Attendees enjoyed two photo booths, an array of delicious foods from Central Perk, and Rita’s ices.

Rambam salute By Rabbi Zev Meir Friedman The sun would soon be setting so I found myself searching for the closest shul in Tel Aviv. I had been visiting my recently widowed relative who was not feeling well. She is my only first cousin, daughter of my uncle who, along with my father, A”H, survived the Holocaust which murdered all other family members. She attended Bais Yaakov in Cracow but the war and other circumstances led her in a different direction. As all know, Jerusalem is Israel’s spiritual capital and Tel Aviv is regarded as its secular, non religious capital. Surprisingly, I was told that there are more than 300 shuls in the city and there was one only two blocks away. A hurHAFTR kindergarten students celebrated completing Sefer Bereishit with Rabbi Kupchik, menahel. Now they look forward to meeting Moshe ried walk got me there as people were assembling. Rabeinu in Mitzraimm, receiving the Aseret Hadibrot, and learning all that unfolds in the upcoming parshiot in the next sefer. The rabbi walked in and his attention was called to the back corner of the room. There he consulted with a man, approximately 30 years of age, who was in a wheelchair. The rabbi nodded his head in the affirmative and proceeded to his seat in the front of the shul. The wheelchair-bound man proceeded to snap on a prosthetic device to his left leg, and then his right leg. The double amputee then began to put on his tefilin. Apparently the questioner wanted to know if he could don tefilin for Mincha. He was pushed by a friend to a shtender in front of the shul and was carefully lifted from his wheelchair bracing himself on the arms of the wheelchair to be able to stand before Hashem in prayer. This courageous man, who lost his limbs defending klal Yisrael, stood as a proud Jew, able to carry on the tradition of our people. There are 22 large screen iMAC computers in the new state of the On Wednesday, zot Chanukah, Midreshet Shalhevet’s choir performed at the West Lawrence To my mind, this was no orart Graphic Design Studio of the Stella K. Abraham High School Care Center, bringing holiday cheer and boosting the ruach of the residents. Accompanied by dinary man. His Mincha spoke for Girls. With seven Graphic Design classes held throughout the juniors Eliana Hirsch and Maayan Sandowski on instruments, the girls performed classic Chavolumes about his commitment day, the iMACs are in constant use. SKA’s Graphic Design program nukah songs along with a heartfelt rendition of Hatikvah. The choir as a whole felt “so moved to davening and recognition of provides students with the option of attaining professional level exseeing what the joy of music can do to people I didn’t even know before I walked into the room,” Hashem. pertise through four years of study. said Maayan Sandowski. “It was an amazing way to end an amazing Chanukah.”

HAFTR kindergarten

Design your destiny at SKA

Shalhevet Chanukah music

THE JEWISH STAR January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778

Future planning: HANC HS panel, mini fair


January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778 THE JEWISH STAR

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THE JEWISH STAR January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778

Sale Dates: January 14th - 19th 2018


January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778 THE JEWISH STAR

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The JEWISH STAR

Wine & Dine

Warm kitchen aromas greet Shabbat in winter JONI SCHOCKETT

Pumpkin Rolls for Shabbat (Pareve)

KOSHER KITCHEN

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love Shabbat. I love the routine and the majesty that heralds a time of rest after a busy week. I especially love Shabbat in the winter. And, even though I absolutely do not like the cold, snow and ice that winter brings, I love the early arrival of dark that means an early Shabbat and more hours to relax in the evening and reflect on the past week. I also love making winter Shabbat meals; the preparation makes the house so warm throughout the day. It reminds me of my grandmother who got up at the crack of dawn every Friday to cook her foods for Shabbos, as she called it. Her challot rose half the day, her chicken soup simmered all day, and in between she made gribenes. These filled her whole apartment building with the perfumes of the weekly holiday. I love making all kinds of challot and different breads for Shabbat during the winter. I’m blessed in that my teaching schedule usually leaves me free on Fridays, so I can indulge in this activity. Besides being a great workout for arms and hands, rising dough smells so wonderful that I often move my computer to the kitchen, or I grade papers there while the bread rises. At the same time, while the bread is rising, I can make soup and let it simmer all day while it fills the kitchen with warming steam and delicious scents. These endeavors may take time, but there is nothing like the perfume of yeast dough rising in the morning and the steamy warmth of soup gently simmering on the stove all day when the wind chill drops below zero. Shabbat in the winter is wonderfully warm and cozy and a lovely, relaxing time. We get to spend more time with our grown children when they visit, which is always wonderful. As I write this, there are 72 days of winter left. I will enjoy each Shabbat within those weeks as it brings warmth to my heart and soul during this especially cold winter. I hope you all have wonderful, warm and healthy winter Shabbatot.

Every so often, we opt for twisted rolls in addition to challah. These are easy and delicious and, according to my friends and family, addictive. Allow 3-1/2 to 4 hours for prep and baking. You can make 18 rolls and 2 small challot shapes. Just bake the two larger ones a bit longer. 1 cup warm water, 105-110 degrees 1 envelope active dry yeast 4 Tbsp. pure dark amber, maple syrup 1 tsp. agave syrup 1/2 cup canned pumpkin 1/4 cup canola or corn oil 1/4 cup extra virgin olive oil 3-1/2 cups unbleached flour 1 tsp. salt Oil for Basting: 2/3 cup canola oil or extra virgin olive oil for a stronger flavor, or a mix of the two 3 to 5 cloves garlic, pressed through a garlic press or grated, to taste 1/2 tsp. kosher salt Place the yeast in a large bowl. Add the warm water, maple syrup and agave syrup and mix to dissolve the yeast. Let sit for 15 minutes to proof the yeast. You should see foam on top and lots of small bubbles. Add the flour, 1 cup at a time, and mix with a wooden spoon or spatula. Add the last half cup of flour and the salt and begin to knead the

dough right in the bowl. The dough should become smooth, soft, and elastic. Place a teaspoon of olive oil in another large bowl and place the dough in that bowl. Turn the dough so the oiled side is up. Cover lightly with a piece of plastic wrap (this dough is too soft for a towel) and place in a warm place to rise for 2 hours or until doubled in size. This dough will be very soft and, if a bit too sticky, add a dusting of flour. Make the garlic oil by place the oil in a small bowl and adding the garlic and salt. Mix until the salt dissolves. Set aside. Line two rimmed baking sheets with parchment paper. Set aside. Preheat the oven to 400 degrees. Punch down the dough and gently knead 2 to 3 times. Let sit covered for 15 minutes in a warm spot. Divide dough in half and divide the two pieces in half. This will give you 6 rolls per quarter. Take off 1/6 of one piece and roll into a long thin rope. Tie the rope as you would to make a knot and then tuck the ends under. Shape the roll so it is rounded on the sides and place on the parchment. Complete until you have 12 rolls per pan. Let sit in a warm place for 20 minutes. Gently, but generously, brush the tops of each roll with the garlic oil. Place in the preheated oven and bake for 15-20 minutes until golden. Remove from the oven and immediately generously brush the rolls with more garlic oil. Let sit for 5 minutes. Makes 24 rolls. Kamut with Roasted Root Veggies (Pareve)

Kamut is an ancient grain that looks a bit like a pine nut. It is delicious and can take on any flavors from sweet to savory. It is very healthful and can be found in health food stores and, now,

sometimes in larger grocery stores. For soaking: 1 cup kamut berries 2 cups water For cooking: Soaked kamut berries 3 cups vegetable broth Salt and pepper to taste For roasted vegetables: 2 to 3 Tbsp. extra virgin olive oil 3 cloves garlic, grated or pressed through a garlic press 1 small butternut squash, peeled, seeded and cut into 1/2 –inch cubes 2 to 3 carrots, peeled and sliced 1 red onion, thinly sliced, slices cut into quarters Salt and pepper to taste 1 bunch scallions Optional: 1/2 to 1 tsp. Garam Marsala seasoning or other seasonings such as sumac, cinnamon, cumin, etc. Optional: You can top this with any roasted nuts you like, such as pistachios, pine nuts or even sunflower seeds, etc. Place the kamut berries in 2 cups of water, cover loosely and let sit overnight. Preheat the oven to 400 degrees. Line a large rimmed baking sheet with foil. Set aside. Pour the oil into a large bowl and add the garlic. Stir to mix. Set aside. Dice the squash and slice the carrots and add to the bowl. Slice the onion and add to the bowl. Toss to coat with the garlic and oil. Pour onto the prepared pan, season with salt and pepper, or as you like, and roast in the oven for 30-45 minutes, until golden and tender. Remove from the oven. While the vegetables are roasting, drain the kamut and place in a large, heavy saucepan. Add the vegetable stock and bring to a boil. Reduce heat and simmer for 35 to 50 minutes, uncovered, until kamut is tender, but not mushy. The liquid should be almost completely absorbed. Pour the kamut into a large bowl and add the roasted vegetables. Toss to mix. Thinly slice the scallions and add to the bowl and toss. Top as you like with nuts or seeds or serve as is. Serves 6 to 10. NOTE: You can easily substitute farro or wheat berries for this or, if you are following a GF diet, use rice.

‘Bombogenesis’ storm inspires bombs in the kitchen Judy JOSzEf WHO’S IN THE KITCHEN

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his past week, unless you were out of the country and even then, you would have heard all about the “bomb cyclone” storm. Bombogenesis is the technical term, bomb cyclone is the shortened version. Thousands of flights were cancelled, schools were closed, and many businesses didn’t even try to open. The day before, grocery stores were raided and nothing was left on the shelves. I didn’t panic as I had the essentials and I figured by Friday the stores would be open. Then when Thursday morning rolled around, everyone realized the weathermen actually predicted this storm precisely and we all understood the term “bombogenesis.” But bomb cyclone or nor not, I had a wedding to attend that Thursday night. The day before I made a manicure appointment for the morning, because I couldn’t go the day before. By the time I awoke at 7 am, I realized the staff

would not make it in. I figured I would wait till 9:30 am and call just to make sure they weren’t in. Much to my surprise, ten minutes before my scheduled appointment, I received a text that the owner and staff were on their way but the roads were awful and they would be half an hour late. As much as I didn’t want to venture out, I felt that I had to; how could I tell them I can’t drive a few blocks, when they drove ten miles. I bundled up, except for one glove, which I couldn’t find, and walked knee-deep in snow through my walk to my car. I cleaned off the windshield and was on my way. Yes I was the only idiot on the road — except for the van that I passed while he was skidding all over the place. Not a good sign. I made it to the salon and had the place to myself. I was their only appointment. The next one wasn’t till 2 pm. At that point as ridiculous as I felt for venturing out in a storm for a manicure, I did think I did the right thing. Before I knew it, I had been there close to an hour and a half, as I was doing some work on my IPad while drying. By the time I left, my car was totally covered in snow. I asked if I could borrow their shovel, which I was convinced

was a sand shovel for kids at the beach, but beggars can’t be choosers. I spent half an hour cleaning my car and trying to dig it out. My un gloved hand was numb as were my feet. I did have rubber waterproof knee high boots, but the snow was up to my thighs, due to the drifts. So there I was with snow filling in my boots and I wasn’t wearing socks. I got into my car and started it. I got about a foot when I got stuck. I did the usual front and back routine, but no luck. A Hewlet-Woodmere emergency vehicle passed me, as I got out of my car and flailed my hands as a distress signal. Obviously they weren’t interested. I tried digging out a bit more, and tried the back and forth thing. Then another emergency snow removal car was headed my way. I basically jumped in front of it, but the driver told me, due to insurance reasons he couldn’t help me. He did tell me to just drive forward and back. Great, thanks, been there done that. I decided to call my husband Jerry, who was at home. I told him that I was ok, and not to worry. I was just stuck. He told me to be careful and just get a ride home. This from a husband who never lets me take the garbage out, carry See Judy on page 17


Continued from page 16 in the groceries or shovel the snow if he’s home ( he’s usually not though). Ok, get a ride home. With who? I was the only person out! I figured he’d call back in five minutes, but no. I got out of the car again, and began to dig. Just then a car drove by and stopped. Out stepped a twenty something guy and asked if I needed help. Yes, it was that obvious. He spent five minutes and physically pushed me out. I thanked him profusely and asked his name. Phew, I was on my way — until I got stuck at the corner while trying to make a turn. Now what? But before I knew it, Shlomo Lazarus, left his car, which was a block ahead and walked back to push me out again. I will always be indebted to you Shlomo! It then took me about 15 minutes to drive 5 blocks. But I finally made it home safely. Oh, and my nails looked great. Thank you, Central Nails. Later that night as we headed to Esther Mallin’s wedding in Atlantic Beach, thankfully we chose to drive in Jerry’s Subaru. I always tease him that once men hit middle age they want to drive flashy sports cars. He on the other hand, actualized his midlife crisis buying a Subaru Legacy. Talking about the cyclone bomb, try this yummy cheesy recipe.

Continued from page 9 factured in an Iranian weapons factory. They were smuggled into Gaza, via the Sinai, in 2008. The investigation found that the mortars, of the 120-millimeter variety, were an exact match to those fired a month earlier in late November at IDF posts near Gaza. November’s attack was conducted by PIJ as revenge for an Israeli military operation to demolish a cross-border PIJ tunnel. It took little time for the IDF to conclude that PIJ was behind both incidents. The implications of these developments might threaten prospects for prolonging the current relative quiet along the Gaza border. PIJ is willing to take considerable risks to launch projectiles at Israel, and an Iranian hand seems to be pushing the 10,000-member-strong organization to step up attacks. Hamas’s ability to restrain PIJ is nowhere to be seen.

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Rosa Malaysia This recipe uses ready made biscuit dough. For those of you who would like to make the dough from scratch, it’s pretty simple. The recipe follows the “bomb” recipe. Ingredients: 2 cans (7.5 oz. each) refrigerated biscuits 4 oz. Mozzarella cheese, cut into 20 cubes 4 Tbsp. butter melted 1/2 tsp. Italian seasoning 1/2 tsp. garlic powder Instructions: 1. Preheat oven to 400°F. 2. Separate biscuits. Place on cube of cheese in the center of each biscuit. Carefully wrap the biscuit dough around the cheese and seal. Place seam side down about an inch apart on an ungreased baking sheet. Bake 10 minutes or until the biscuits are golden brown and the cheese is melted. 3. While the biscuits bake, mix the butter, Italian seasoning and garlic powder together and set aside. 4. Remove the biscuits from the oven and immediately brush with butter mixture. Serve warm. Biscuit Dough Ingredients: 8 oz. (1-3/4 cups) unbleached all-purpose flour; more as needed 2 tsp. baking powder 1 tsp. granulated sugar 1/2 tsp. baking soda 1/2 tsp. table salt 3 oz. (6 Tbsp.) cold unsalted butter, cut into 1/2-inch pieces 3/4 cup cold, well-shaken buttermilk Preparation : In a large, wide bowl, combine the flour, baking powder, sugar, baking soda, and salt. Using a pastry blender or your fingertips, cut in the butter until the mixture resembles coarse meal with some pea-size lumps. Using a silicone spatula, stir in the buttermilk just until the flour mixture is moistened. Do not overmix; the dough should just come together, and it will be sticky. Transfer the dough to a floured work surface and gently knead 6 to 8 times, dusting lightly with flour if needed to keep it from sticking. Make-ahead tips The flour and butter mixture can be refrigerated in a zip-top freezer bag for up to 1 week, or frozen for up to 1 month. If frozen, thaw at room temperature for 30 minutes before proceeding with the dough.

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Hamas...

the Egyptian interest.” As a result of this complex picture, Ganor said it is reasonable to assume that “Hamas will allow PIJ to conduct sporadic fire at Israel,” but only as long as Hamas believes this will avoid a significant escalation, and so long as it assesses that it can continue to pursue its double game of satisfying “both its masters”—Iran and Egypt. “This policy will continue so long as Hamas estimates that it can contain the incidents, without being portrayed as the defender of Israel and without aggravating the Egyptians,” stated Ganor. Tel Aviv University’s Rabi doubted Hamas’s ability to restrain PIJ. “There is no doubt that Hamas’s room to maneuver and take action against the rebellious organizations [in Gaza] is still in effect, but not when we are talking about Palestinian Islamic Jihad,” Rabi said. He added, “One must recall that [PIJ] is an organization with skills and capabilities, including 10,000 personnel, which is funded and equipped by Iran, and which has all of the reasons in the world to ignite the situation.”

THE JEWISH STAR January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778

Judy...

Yet Israel continues to view Hamas as the ruling party in Gaza, and the Jewish state’s retaliation policy—striking Hamas targets in response to all incidents of cross-border fire, no matter who conducts it—continues. Some observers believe Hamas did not really lose its ability to rein in PIJ, but that it is in fact playing a double game of sorts, allowing PIJ “off the leash” every once in a while before pulling it back. “Hamas is sovereign in Gaza,” said Prof. Boaz Ganor, founder and executive director of Israel’s International Institute for Counter-Terrorism. Ganor drew attention to Hamas’s growing reliance on Iranian financing and Hezbollah assistance. According to IDF assessments, Iran has sent $100 million to Hamas and PIJ in recent months alone. This dependency, he said, “makes Hamas, on the one hand, more exposed to pressure by these elements regarding their protégé, PIJ.” “However,” Ganor continued, “in Hamas’s balance sheet of interests, the importance of Egypt is infinitely greater than Iran’s importance, and an escalation against Israel runs contrary to


January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778 THE JEWISH STAR

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If Trump’s unstable, let’s hope it’s contagious Jeff Dunetz politics to go

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he latest obsession of the mainstream media and leftists is questioning the president’s mental health. Allow me to suggest that If they are correct and President Trump is mentally unstable, it’s not necessarily a bad thing. In fact, if having a screw loose makes people as successful as Donald Trump has been during the past 111/2 months, we should pray that his condition is contagious and that everyone in Congress and the federal bureaucracy catches it (and me also). For example, CNN’s media reporter Brian Stelter, who has been attacking Trump since he started running, said on Anderson Cooper 360, “What would we say if the leader of Germany or China or Brazil posted tweets like Trump’s? How would we cover it? We’d say: That person is not well. We’d wonder whether that person is fit to hold office.” Politico reported that Yale psychiatry professor Dr. Bandy X. Lee spent two days on Capitol Hill last month speaking to senators about the president’s mental state. In private meetings with more than a dozen members of Congress, Lee briefed lawmakers (all Democrats except for one Republican senator, whom Lee declined to

identify). “He’s going to unravel, and we are seeing the signs,” she warned. John Heilemann said Trump seemed “demented and deranged,” and Trump hater Bill Kristol tweeted that Vice President Mike Pence should be preparing himself to take power in accordance with the 25th Amendment “in case it’s suddenly needed.” There are other examples also, but none of the people questioning the president’s capacity address the most important point. Are president Trump’s incredible set of accomplishments during his first year in the White House a result of his supposed madness? Or do the accomplishments prove the armchair psychiatrists and shrinks, who never examined the POTUS, are really the ones who are a bit “fruit loops?” ust look at some of what this president, who supposedly has a diminished capacity, has been able to accomplish in slightly less than a year: •Led Congress to a pass tax reform bill providing $5.5 billion in cuts and repealed the oppressive Obamacare mandate. •Fuel economic growth moving GDP above 3 percent.

•Boosted economic confidence, causing the Dow Jones index to grow to record highs and at a record pace. •Signed an Executive Order demanding that two regulations be killed for every new one. The actual number has been 22 removed for each one added, which has boosted economic growth. •Withdrew from the Paris Climate accord, ending one-sided environmental regulations. •Withdrew from the TransPacific Partnership which had terms unfavorable to the US. •Began renegotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement for same reason. •Convinced Toyota, Mazda, Broadcom and Foxconn to announce plans to open new plants in the U.S. •Ended Obama’s job-killing Clean Power Plan. •Allowed military professionals freedom to win the war on terror — and as a result, ISIS is close to being wiped out. •Normalized good relationships with Saudi Arabia that Obama had damaged. •Stopped treating Israel like an evil empire, ad Barack Obama did. •Publicly admonished Palestinians for inciting terrorism and paying “blood money” to terrorists.

President Trump has been incredibly successful for a mentally unstable man.

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•Ended the Obama-era “catch and release” of illegal immigrants. •Significantly reduced the number of illegal aliens slipping through the southern border. •Appointed and got Senate confirmation for 12 federal appeals court judges — an all-time record for a first-year president. •Nominated and received confirmation of Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme Court. •Reinstated the “Mexico City Policy” killed by Obama which blocks foreign aid being used for abortions. •Pressuring North Korea to end its nuclear program; got the U.N. to increase sanctions against the North Korean regime; living rent-free inside Kim Jung Un’s head, he moved the despot to reopen talks with the south. •Pressured China to help get Kim Jung Un to behave. •Ordered new sanctions on the despotic dictatorship in Venezuela. •Pressured NATO partners to increase their military budgets to level they had previously agreed to. •Ordered the bombing of Syria for using chemical warfare against its own people, enforcing a red line Obama set and ignored. •Used his personal relationship with China’s president to secure the release of three UCLA students arrested for shoplifting a pair of sunglasses. •Kept his promise to recognize Jerusalem as See Trump on page 20

Win or lose, Iranians want regime change Ben Cohen Viewpoint

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or the first time in nearly a decade, one dares to believe that the Islamist clerics who have ruled Iran since 1979 will not be in power by the time the 40th anniversary of their revolution rolls around in 2019. The nationwide protests are a direct challenge to the legitimacy of the Islamic Republic, as evidenced in the slogans chanted by the demonstrators. They are also a rude antidote to the thinking of much of the Western establishment, which still clings to the notion that the “reformers” with whom they negotiated the 2015 nuclear deal are the key to Iran’s future prosperity. We are, it seems, a long way from President Barack Obama’s Nowruz message of 2009—the first time an American leader referred officially to Iran as “The Islamic Republic of…” and the

prelude to his abandonment of the Green Movement one year later. That is ironic, really, because the aspirational politics of the new protest wave in Iran have a distinctly Obama-esque flavor. The vision being manifested on Iran’s streets would, in another context at least, sit very comfortably with the worldviews of American progressive Democrats or Europeans on the center-left. The protesters want state revenues to be spent on health, education and public infrastructure. They’ve had enough of corrupt, nepotistic government. They reject foreign wars outright—not primarily out of sympathy for the victims of the regime’s foreign adventures, but because the immediate demands of Hamas in Gaza or Hezbollah in Lebanon have nothing to do with their immediate demands. Most of all, they are cynical about the promises of their rulers, regarding the categories of

“hardliners” and “moderates” that are so routine in Western thinking as lazy constructs intended to paper over the evermore visible cracks in the Shi’a Islamic state and its official doctrine of “velayat-e-faqih”—the guardianship of the jurists, a concept of the late revolutionary leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. What is at stake here, therefore, is an entire system of rule. Most tyrants—Khomeini in Iran, Lenin in Russia, Hugo Chavez in Venezuela— believe themselves to be architects of new civilizations. By the time their revolutionary states start to rot—recent examples suggest their life span is anything from a decade to almost a century—those founding fathers generally are no longer around to see the full consequences. And yet, when you consider the near-term options for Iran, it seems far more likely that the

Deposing tyrannies involves more than sanctions and words.

mullahs and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps security establishment will push the country onto an even more illiberal, bellicose path than it is that these demonstrations will triumph. Vast numbers of Iranians—those blurry figures we see whooping and cheering and chanting on the amateur video shared on social media—wish that the Islamic Republic would be buried. Sadly, that alone will not make it so. Consider the experience of Iran’s close ally, Venezuela, whose people have made clear their rejection of the “Bolivarian socialism” instituted by Chavez in the heydays of high oil prices almost 20 years ago. Chavez’s successor, Nicholas Maduro, has imprisoned opposition leaders, attacked the free press, shut down the elected national assembly and replaced it with a tame impostor, and presided over a corruption-stained economic collapse that has resulted in malnutrition among the very same urban poor the Chavistas say they represent. The depths of the misery that Venezuelans See Iranians on page 21


tehilla r. goldberg

arrives, there’s one thing to do: Go forth and make soup! Come inside and turn the fire on. ou can’t have enough pots of soup on the stovetop, boiling away, simultaneously comforting your soul, whetting your appetite and providing warmth and toastiness to your apartment or home. Before you know it, you are ladling these elixirs into deep bowls for the perfect, soothing, wondrous winter meal. All you need is a crusty piece of fresh bread, and you are good to go. I love vegetarian soups, all kinds. Indeed, these are the soups I prepare most often. But come icy winter, there is one soup that crowns them all: why, it’s chicken soup, of course! The mother of all soups. I don’t mean the newer twists on chicken soup we’ve all been making these past few years. Tortilla chicken soup with a fresh twist of lime, avocado and cilantro, and fried strips of tortilla — yum! But no, that’s not it. Lemon orzo chicken soup with its bright citrus flavor and deep yellow color — lovely! But no. Sephardic short grain brown rice chicken soup with a beautiful palette of earth-toned colored spices and flavors — delicious! And it’s close! But, no. I’m talking Old-School Ashkenazi Golden-

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view from central park

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rrr … it’s cold out there! We’ve been experiencing a cold snap here. While I am usually pleased with my first floor apartment across from Central Park, used to lying in bed marveling at the curtains billowing from the breeze of the park, these days I am questioning my sanity. It’s freezing! That wonderful breeze off Central Park I was always so proud of and took such pleasure in, I could do without right now! I’m normally not a cold weather wimp. Having been raised in Denver, I always adored the winter season and all things accompanying it, from fireplaces to winter accessories and everything in between. But that’s because it was Denver winter, not New York winter! It’s like two different seasons. In Denver we don’t have to deal with the winds and the bitter brutal moisture and red raw skin. In Denver, it was dry. There was sunshine. It was different. The snow, for starters, was white; not to mention the special Colorado powder quality we had, snow that’s reminiscent of sugar. It’s not just that. In wintertime everywhere, people tend to be nicer. It’s a humbling season. Everyone feels more vulnerable and how powerful the elements are. So, when such cold weather

Amber Long-Time Cooked (10 hours) Jewish Penicillin European Jewish Grandmother Love is the Secret Ingredient (or maybe it’s Shabbos) Chicken Soup. Aside from its heavenly flavor, it’s worth preparing just for all the derivative chicken dishes you can get from this one pot of soup. You can repurpose it into a variety of dishes, like chicken crepes, chicken pot pie or fajitas. or this heimish soup, the humbler the ingredients and methods of preparation, the better. Mirepoix and herbs de provenance are lovely, but I’m talking about the kind of soup where the starring role are things like “petrushka,” as my Bubbie used to say. That’s Yiddish (or is it Hungarian?) for parsnip. Which then reminds me of a wonderful unique Yiddish expression: hefker petrushka, meaning chaos, or as would be translated into modern Hebrew, balagan. It’s a pretty unbeatable expression — perhaps parsnips grew wildly in Europe and so the Yiddish saying for a wild, out-of-control situation developed from out of a patch of disorganized, overgrown parsnips? Who knows? But see, you decide to prepare traditional chicken soup and the next thing you know, you are transported to another time and

Come icy winter, one soup crowns them all: chicken soup, of course!

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place. You think you are just writing up a grocery list of ingredients when the next thing you know you are wondering about the linguistic origin of hefker petrushka. here is some serious deep grandmotherly layers to preparing a true Jewish chicken soup — whether you use a whole bird or some cut up chicken, or even just wings and necks or bones alone; whether you roast your bones first, caramelize onions and brown the chicken or not; whether you just use carrots and celery or also loads of root veggies; whether you prefer a cloudy untouched pot of soup or for your bowl to be filled with crystal clear liquid gold; whether you put more or less herbs in; whether you include the onion skin or not; whether you add slices of fresh egg lokshnnoodles, or prefer floating knaydlach dumplings as light as a feather … whether you keep your various soup ingredients wrapped in mesh bags, or let ’em float loose in the pot, whether you slice your veggies into round coin shapes or long strips, whether you cook it at a high heat or let it gently simmer for hours on end — perhaps even a full day — please, I implore you, do something good for yourself and stay warm by going forth and make yourself a pot of delicious traditional chicken soup! I assure you, it will be comforting. And your grandmother will be proud! Now just start preparing your grocery list: hefker petrushka — oops I mean, parsnips! Ess gezunderheit and stay warm out there! Copyright Intermountain Jewish News

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Why Trump’s P’stinian aid cut threat makes sense Jonathan S. tobin

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e didn’t need the publication of a new book filled with behind-the-scenes gossip to know that Donald Trump is an unconventional and, at times, inappropriate president. His use of Twitter provides many examples of this fact. But amid another flurry of questionable tweets on Jan. 4, Trump also talked about threatening aid cuts to the Palestinian Authority. Most of the mainstream media treated that idea as being as loopy as the latest exchange of insults with North Korea’s dictator. But while it’s easy to mock Trump’s social media habits, this one made sense and showed that, not for the first time, the president’s instinctual distrust of experts and the foreign policy establishment may have served him well. The minuscule amount of the national budget that goes to foreign nations generally serves American interests. In the case of Israel, which is the largest recipient, almost all of the money it gets is spent in the U.S. It’s also part of a strategic alliance in which America receives a great deal back in terms of intelligence and technology. But not all foreign aid serves U.S. interests. The money sent to the Palestinians illustrates this painfully obvious conclusion. Yet despite the abundant proof that keeping it flowing is counterproductive, the so-called experts seeking to restrain Trump can’t seem to grasp this fact. id to the PA is seen as necessary to prop up the only available interlocutor for peace with Israel. We’re also told that funding the PA is a necessary part of its security cooperation with Israel.

There are elements of truth to these assertions. If the PA were to collapse, that would likely lead to Israel having to reassert direct control of the West Bank rather than the current situation in which the overwhelming majority of Palestinians are governed by the corrupt Fatah party led by PA leader Mahmoud Abbas. But the PA’s need for cash to prop up its kleptocracy is exactly why the U.S. should be using its financial leverage to make it clear to Abbas that a quarter century of his organization holding the U.S. hostage in this manner can’t continue. Abbas’s threats of dissolving the PA are bluffs that should have been called long ago. The same is true of security cooperation. Abbas relies on Israel to ensure his survival against the plots of his Islamist rivals as much, if not more, than the Israelis rely on the PA to help keep terror under control in the West Bank. The PA also uses the hundreds of millions of dollars it gets from the U.S. to provide salaries and pensions to terrorists and their families. Congressional efforts to hinge U.S. aid to ending the PA’s subsidies via the Taylor Force Act deserve the president’s support. he same is true about the massive American contributions to UNRWA, the United Nations refugee agency that is solely devoted to the Palestinians. While UNRWA is credited with feeding and educating Palestinians, its main role is in maintaining the Arab refugees as a stateless people to perpetuate an ongoing threat to Israel’s existence. An equal number of Jews were forced to flee their homes in Arab and Muslim countries after 1948, but they were absorbed in Israel and the West. Yet UNRWA has been part of the effort to prevent Palestinian Arabs from being absorbed elsewhere, thereby allowing them to cling to their dream of destroying the Jewish state. UNRWA’s schools have courses and books that promote hatred of Israel and Jews. Just as outrageous is the fact that UNRWA employees are often involved with Palestinian terror organiza-

The PA’s need for cash to prop up its kleptocracy is exactly why the U.S. should be using its financial leverage.

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tions, and its schools and other facilities have been used to store Hamas weapons where they would presumably be safe from Israeli retaliation. American governments have tolerated this situation because they felt there was no alternative. But whether or not it is because he isn’t so versed in policy, and therefore is not burdened with the conventional wisdom that has made destructive programs seem reasonable, Trump appears to be unwilling to keep throwing good money after bad. You don’t have to be supporter of Trump or

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s government to understand that he is right to demand that if the Palestinians want U.S. money they must, at the very least, come back to the negotiating table and cease funding and fomenting terror. It isn’t so much a case of “America First” to demand that recipients of U.S. largesse cooperate with U.S. policy, as it is one of common sense. Whatever his other faults, Trump’s insistence on this is neither foolish nor proof of his being unfit for office. Jonathan S. Tobin is editor in chief of JNS.

Trump...

Once we find out what it is we should make sure that all Congressmen and the federal bureaucracy catches the same problem so they will be as successful as President Trump. And I would like some also. Please note if there isn’t any of Trump’s mental instability, I’ll take a barrel of Gen. Grant’s whiskey if it’s Kosher. Send it to my shul because we like to make a l’chaim on Shabbos during the oneg after services.

Continued from page 20 Israel’s capital and began the process of moving US embassy to Israel’s capital city. •Directed the Pentagon to upgrade and modernize America’s nuclear arsenal. here are plenty of others but I am sure you get the point. President Trump has been incredibly successful for a mentally unstable man during his first year on the job. During the Civil War, a committee of arrogant elitists met with President Lincoln and demanded General Grant’s removal, because, they claimed, he was a whiskey drinker, and little better than a common drunkard. “Ah!” exclaimed the great emancipator, “You surprise me, gentlemen. But can you tell me where he gets his whiskey?” “We cannot, Mr. President. But why do you desire to know?” “Because, if I can only find out, I will send a barrel of this wonderful whiskey to every general in the army.” That’s how people should feel about the claims of President Trump’s diminished mental capacity. Arrogant elitists who never experienced a President speaking his mind without using flowery diplomatic words are claiming this president is becoming more cuckoo than a clock. But taking the cue from Abe Lincoln, we should find out what is causing what the liberals and mainstream media claims are the mental problems of the president to spread his success around.

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luach

Fri Jan 12 • 25 Teves Parsha Vaera Shabbos Mevarchim Candlelighting: 4:31 pm

Havdalah: 5:41 pm

Fri Jan 19 • 3 Shevat Parsha Bo Candlelighting: 4:39 pm

Havdalah: 5:49 pm

Fri Jan 26 • 10 Shevat Parsha Beshalach Candlelighting: 4:47 pm

Havdalah: 5:57 pm

Fri Feb 2 • 17 Shevat Parsha Yisro Candlelighting: 4:55 pm

Havdalah: 6:06 pm

Five Towns times from the White Shul

THE JEWISH STAR January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778

Jewish penicillin to soothe a winter in New York

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January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778 THE JEWISH STAR

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‫כוכב של שבת‬

SHAbbAT STAR

Read The Jewish Star’s archive of Torah columns at TheJewishStar.com/category/torahcolumns/browse.html

A challenge of Vaera: Are we truly free agents? Rabbi binny FReedman

the heart of jerusalem

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recall an incredible series of coincidences that to me were nothing short of miraculous. A student had been desperate to speak with me, and we finally managed to connect in New York the day before I was scheduled to return to Israel. The student knew a woman who had been going through a very difficult time for nearly eight years, as her husband had left her but could not be found. Thus she was an agunah, unable to receive a Get and unable to remarry. Jewish tradition considers efforts to free a woman of such circumstances a mitzvah of the highest order, so naturally I said would do everything I could, though having no idea how I would be able to make any headway under the circumstances. The husband was living in Israel, but had not been heard from in nearly five years. However, based on the story, and the description of the individuals who might know where the husband was currently residing, I immediately thought of a fellow who might know one of the individuals who might be able to find this recalcitrant husband. I had not seen the fellow I was thinking of in nearly 15 years, since my army days, and had no idea how on earth I would find him, but I promised I would try. The next day, as we were boarding the plane to Israel, I was shocked to see this very same fellow, with whom I had long since lost contact, boarding my flight with his family! As we spoke during the flight he began to laugh — because the missing husband was also on this very same flight, seated one row behind me! (My friend

was eventually able to help facilitate a Jewish divorce, freeing this woman to re-marry.) o we really have the freedom to choose and make our own decisions in life, or are we just pawns in some larger plan? Are we surrounded by miracles, or does nature simply take its course? This question, perhaps, is one of the challenges of this week’s parsha, Vaera. The story of the Exodus is a classic that we all grew up with. Back then, it seems, it was so much simpler: there were the good guys and the bad guys, and when Moses and Aaron squared off against Pharaoh and the evil empire of Egypt, you never had any trouble with who you were supposed to be rooting for. After all, Pharaoh was the villain everyone loves to hate, right? But a closer look suggests that the choices Pharaoh and the Egyptians made to enslave the Jewish people in the first place were not really their own free choice, because way back in the time of Abraham, G-d tells Abraham that he should know that “your offspring shall be strangers in a land that is not their own, and they will be enslaved, and made to suffer” (Bereishis 15:13). Since Hashem had already determined, far in advance, that the Jewish people would be enslaved in Egypt, how could the Egyptians then be held accountable for what they never chose to do? What was the purpose of this entire exercise? “Ve’Hirbeti Et Ototai, Ve’Et Moftai Be’Eretz Mitzraim” (“And I will multiply my signs and miracles in the land of Egypt”) (7:3). In other words, G-d wants to show off how awesome He is, and that He can defeat the Egyptians time after time. But that is ridiculous! Are we meant to view this story as a battle be-

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tween Egypt (or Pharaoh) and Hashem? Could anything be more absurd? Egypt could no more be G-d’s opponent than can my own pen begin to argue with the hand that holds it! Egypt is created by G-d, and serves Hashem’s purpose, so what is this all about? At the beginning of next week’s parsha, Bo, the Torah makes it abundantly clear: “For I have hardened Pharaoh’s heart … in order to place my signs in him (in his heart). And in order that you will tell over in the ears of your sons and your sons’ sons, that which I have done (“Hita’lalti”) in Egypt, and the signs that I have placed in them, and you will know that I am G-d.” (10:1-2) hat then was the purpose of all the plagues? Certainly, G-d does not need to get Pharaoh’s permission to let the Jewish people go? And if the point was simply to free the Jewish people, then Hashem, in the blink of an eye, could simply transport them out of Egypt — no need for the entire Exodus story. Rashi (10:2) suggests that the word “Hita’lalti” does not mean that G-d performed miracles, but rather that through these signs G-d was actually ridiculing the Egyptians. (As in, for example, when Balaam suggests that his donkey is ridiculing him [Ki Hitalalt’ bi”] in Numbers 22:29). We live, to a degree, in a world of illusion. Once you accept that Hashem is the source of all reality, indeed is all reality, then why are miracles such a big deal? After all, if G-d runs the world, then the fact that He does miracles is only natural. And, more to the point, all of nature is really miraculous.

We live, to a degree, in a world of illusion.

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About two weeks after that remarkable incident allowing me to find that person on the plane, I happened to catch a ride with Rav Yehuda Amital ZTz”l, one of the great Torah scholars of our generation, (in whose yeshiva I was privileged to study), and I told him this story. His response, was: “Atah Mevi Li’ Ra’ayah She’HaKadosh Baruch Hu’ Manhig et Ha’Olam?” (“You are bringing me a proof that G-d runs the world?”) In other words, we seem to need such incredible stories to affirm that G-d is running the show, but in truth, every story, indeed every moment of every day, is as much an affirmation of G-d as any other. We think that there is nature, and then sometimes G-d performs miracles. But in truth, all of nature is miraculous, and one person’s natural occurrence is another person’s miracle. n the end, the greatest choice we have is how we choose to look at the world. And that freedom is what the entire story of the Exodus from Egypt is all about. In ten plagues, Hashem turns nature on its ear: water, the symbol of life in the Torah (and in which we immerse ourselves, in a mikveh, in response to contact with death) became blood, the symbol of death (hence the prohibition against partaking of the blood of even kosher animals). Fire and Water are mixed together in the plague of hail, and light and darkness exist together in the same place and time. Because nature is not a tool of G-d; rather, G-d is manifest in nature, G-d is the source of all of nature. Hence the verses proclaim: “And Egypt shall know that I am G-d” (7:5, 17; 8:19). “In order that you (Egypt) shall know that there is none like me in the Land.” (9:14). Ancient Egypt worshipped nature, as a tool of many gods. But Hashem meant to teach the See Challenge on page 21

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Moshe, Aharon teamwork: Formula for Redemption Rabbi avi billet

Parsha of the week

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ear with me as I make a case here. Shmot 4:14-16: After giving a number of excuses for why he should not be the Deliverer, including that he is uncomfortable with his own speech-abilities, G-d tells Moshe that his brother Aharon is one who can speak. “I will be with your mouth and with his mouth.” Aharon’s job will be to speak to the nation [of Israel] to convince them of Moshe’s divine assignment, as Aharon “will be your mouth, and you will be a G-d to him” because you will be telling him what to say. Shmot 4:28-31: Moshe tells Aharon all that G-d said, as well as of the signs that were to prove his divine mission. They went to the elders of Israel, to whom Aharon then spoke, and then “he” [who?] did the signs before the people. The people accepted the words and signs as presented and believed G-d had sent a deliverer. Shmot 5:1-4: Moshe and Aharon came and “they” spoke to Pharaoh to let the Israelites leave. Pharaoh refused, and then “they” said they were called by G-d. Pharaoh said to “them,” “Why, Moshe and Aharon, are you interrupting the people from their work?” Shmot 5:19-22: The people are upset at both Moshe and Aharon for causing their labor to be increased. Moshe turns to G-d and says, “Why did you send me? Since I came to Pha-

raoh to speak in your name, it has only been bad for this nation.” Shmot 6:2-9 – G-d speaks to Moshe, and tells him of the plan for exodus. In verse 9, Moshe tells it to the Israelites, who do not listen to Moshe on account of their shortness of breath from their hard labor. 6:12: Moshe notes that the Israelites don’t listen to him, how will Pharaoh? 6:13: Moshe and Aharon are instructed [to take a new strategy?] to the Israelites and to Pharaoh in order to get the exodus process rolling. After giving the lineage of the tribes of Reuven, Shimon and Levi to show us where Aharon and Moshe come from, we are told that Moshe and Aharon are the ones who speak to Pharaoh (6:26-28) In 6:29 Moshe is told [alone] to speak to Pharaoh. Shmot 7:1-7: Moshe is to be a god to Pharaoh and Aharon will be Moshe’s prophet. “You [Moshe] will speak all I have commanded, and Aharon will speak to Pharaoh that he should send the Israelites out of his land. … Pharaoh will not listen to [both of] you. … Moshe and Aharon do as they are commanded. They are 83 and 80 when they speak with Pharaoh.” Shmot 7:8-11: “When Pharaoh asks you to give a wonder, tell Aharon to toss his staff before Pharaoh and it will be a tannin.” Moshe

and Aharon do it [do what?] and Aharon throws his staff before Pharaoh and company.” To whom is Aharon supposed to speak? For whom is Moshe supposed to be a “god”? (compare 7:1 to 4:16) What does that even mean? What signs are for Israel? Who is supposed to perform them? What is the difference between an ot (sign) and a mofet (wonder)? Do Moshe and Aharon both speak before Pharaoh? Does one take more of a sideline role? Does Moshe feel that he was sent more than Aharon was sent? Meaning, why does he seem to ignore Aharon’s role in going to the king after the people are upset with both Moshe and Aharon? n the beginning of our parsha it is clearly Moshe, and Moshe alone, who is speaking to the people, and they do not listen to him. What happened to Aharon being his prophet? And then 3 verses later Aharon is again charged with going to Pharaoh (6:13)? And then 16 verses later only Moshe is to speak to Pharaoh? And why is Aharon’s staff thrown before Pharaoh if Pharaoh’s challenge was to trigger the staff trick? Pharaoh never says, “Give a wonder.” Space does not allow for all these questions to be answered, but hopefully most will be covered through the following information.

An ‘ot’ is for Israelites who want to believe, a ‘mofet’ for Pharaoh who does not believe.

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At first an ot is for people who want to believe — the Israelites. A mofet is for Pharaoh, who does not believe. This strategy changes over time, and Pharaoh is subjected to both otot and moftim, because at times Pharaoh demonstrates a lack of belief in G-d, and at times he clearly believes in G-d but is either stubborn about letting his slaves leave or doesn’t care about what happens to his people. And to answer all of the Aharon/Moshe questions, there is a simple solution. Aharon’s role is more complicated than Moshe’s. He is second fiddle to his brother, sometimes on the sidelines, but sometimes he is even more central than Moshe. At times he is the prime minister to the not-yet-impressive monarch, he is spokesman for the President, and sometimes he is chief of staff for the commander in chief. To Moshe, Aharon is a confidante, trainer, confidence-builder, ready to step in when needed either to assist or to play his own role best. Moshe is a god to Aharon because he is G-d’s mouthpiece. But he is a god to Pharaoh, because he will dominate Pharaoh. There are many layers to the tale of the exodus. But the layer that covers it is that no matter what roles are assigned to Moshe and Aharon in Egypt, they always demonstrate the utmost respect for each other. They are there for each other, despite the differences in role, and they support one another so that the job can get done. Ego? Doesn’t exist. It’s about the destiny of the people, not the reputation of the leaders. If only such a model would be followed today, redemption would surely be close at hand.


AlAn JAy Gerber

Kosher BooKworm

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his week it is my honor to introduce you to Rabbi Dovid M. Cohen, previously director of community engagement for Yached, an affiliate of the OU, and a development executive who recently assumed the position as Ashkenazic rabbi of Congregation Ohr Torah in North Woodmere. For the previous nine years he was rabbi at Manhattan’s Young Israel of the West Side. Ohr Torah was founded over 50 years ago by Rabbi Theodore Jungreis and his wife, the famed Rebbitzen Esther Jungreis, both of blessed memory, who left a gifted legacy of kiruv that will forever be the touchstone of American Jewish life in outreach to those distant from the richness of our faith. Rabbi Cohen’s goal is to continue the Jungreis legacy and enhance Ohr Torah as a valued center for kiruv in both our community and beyond. According to Rabbi Cohen, Ohr Torah has a nice mix of older members, some dating back to the days of Rabbi Jungreis’ spiritual stewardship, and many new, younger families who are com-

mitted and enthusiastic about renewing the rich foundation created by the Jungreis family. All of this involves developing synergies with Ohr Torah’s growing Sephardic membership that includes merging of the boards of directors and establishing a mikvah. This past High Holiday season witnessed a capacity crowd of over 250 people. According to the rabbi, “our current demographic consists of many who have a strong yeshiva background as well as newcomers and beginners who are all welcome and are inclusive in the organization and revitalization of the shul’s sevices and its growing educational programs. Currently, the Ashkenazic minyan sponsors weekly parent-child learning sessions, social events for both men and women, and an active Torah class on Thursday evenings given by Rabbi Cohen on topics dealing with Jewish philosophy. The rabbi is a lawyer, therapist and a special needs advocate. He has semicha from Yeshiva University and also did advanced learning at the kollel of Yeshivas Birchas Mordechai of Beitar Ilit, an outgrowth of the popular chaburah of the Mir Yeshiva of Jerusalem. He holds a Juris Doctor de-

Rabbi Dovid M. Cohen

gree from Columbia Law School and sits as a rabbinical judge for the Beis Din of America. Rabbi Cohen’s rabbinical and scholarship skills were recently brought to my attention from a gracious endorsement by my former rebbe, Rabbi Hersh Weinreb, the former executive of the OU who wrote the following: “Wisdom is the rarest of all commodities, especially these days. But occasionally a book

Parshat Vaera: Of thunder and hail rAbbi dAvid etenGoff

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he Pesach Haggadah lists the Ten Plagues (makkot) in order of their appearance in sefer Shemot: “These are the Ten Plagues that the Holy One, blessed be He, brought upon the Egyptians in Egypt: blood, frogs, lice, wild beasts, pestilence, boils, hail, locusts, darkness, slaying of the first born.” The first seven appear in our parasha, whereas, the final three are found in Parashat Bo. The Torah teaches us that the overarching purpose of the makkot was in order that “the Egyptians shall know that I am the L-rd when I stretch forth My hand over Egypt, and I will take the children of Israel out of their midst.” (Shemot 7:5) While each plague profoundly affected every aspect of Egyptian society, only barad (hail) elicited the following statement from Pharaoh: “I have sinned this time (chatati hapa’am). The L-rd is the righteous One (Hashem hatzadik), and I and my people are the guilty ones’.” (9:27) Pharaoh’s words contain three separate ideas: The recognition of his personal sin, the acknowledgment of Hashem’s righteousness, and the assertion of his and the Egyptian people’s guilt for having acted cruelly toward us. Why did Pharaoh make this proclamation exclusively in regards to this plague? Midrash Tanchuma Buber provides the following insight: “[Let us learn the reason for Pharaoh’s behavior based upon the manner in which most people would act:] If someone desires to go to war against his fellow man, and be victorious against him, he attacks him in an unexpected [and stealthy manner]. He then kills him and takes every possession that his enemy has. Yet, the Holy One blessed be He acted in an entirely different fashion toward Pharaoh and proclaimed to him: “And now, send, gather in your livestock and all that you have in the field, any man or beast that is found in the field and not brought into the house the hail shall fall on them, and they will die.” (9:19) [It was precisely as a result of Hashem’s warning that Pharaoh,] following his experience of the [forewarned] barad, exclaimed, “The L-rd is the righteous One.” (Vaera 20) According to this midrashic passage, Pharaoh was completely overwhelmed by Hashem’s merciful warning regarding the mortal danger that barad would entail. Nonetheless, because of his

nearly unlimited arrogance, Pharaoh ignored Gd’s adjuration, and his people suffered untold death and destruction. When he finally recognized the dire consequences of his behavior, Pharaoh had little choice but to proclaim, “The L-rd is the righteous One.” he Kli Yakar (Rabbi Shlomo Ephraim ben Aaron Luntschitz) takes a different approach regarding the underlying reason for the Plague of Hail, focusing on the question, “Why was this plague so pivotal to G-d’s plan?” He stresses that the hail was accompanied by thunder, “the L-rd gave forth thunder and hail” (9:23), which played a crucial role in Pharaoh’s recognition of the Master of the Universe: “The Plague of Hail and the thunder came upon Pharaoh as a result of his refusal to listen to Hashem’s voice with the proper majesty (b’hadar) to which it was due. Therefore, Hashem forced him to hear thunder that was both awe-inspiring and frightening in nature. As a result, here, and here alone, he confessed to his sin and declared, ‘the L-rd is the righteous One, and I and my people are the guilty ones,’ since [until this point,] he had denied Hashem’s exis-

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tence and verbally proclaimed His non-existence. As such, Pharaoh sinned through his voice, and spoke lashon hara [pejoratively] about his Creator. Therefore, he was punished through the sound of thunder. [Once, however, Pharaoh confessed his sin, Moshe declared,] ‘The thunder will cease, and there will be no more hail, in order that you know that the land is the L-rd’s’.” (9:29) The Kli Yakar depicts a scenario in which Pharaoh needed to be reminded of G-d’s existence and His ultimate majesty and power. This stands in stark contrast to one of the most stirring episodes in the early history of our people, namely Birkat Ya’akov (Jacob’s Blessings to His Sons). The first two pasukim of Birkat Ya’akov are written in the plural, and serve as a call for attention and introduction to everything that follows: “Jacob called for his sons and said, ‘Gather and I will tell you what will happen to you at the end of days. Gather and listen, sons of Jacob, and listen to Israel, your father’.” (Bereishit 49:1-2) The great third-century Palestinian Talmudic scholar, Rabbi Shimon ben Lakish, suggests this verse is teaching us that Jacob was about to foretell the future of the 12 Tribes, the

‘Baruch sham kavode malchuto l’olam vo’ed’

Iranians... Continued from page 20 have become mired in were brutally illustrated on Christmas Eve in Caracas, when soldiers shot dead an 18-year-old pregnant woman in front of her husband. The couple had been standing in line with a larger group of people waiting to buy a scarce joint of pork—a traditional Venezuelan Christmas dish—who were ordered by the soldiers to disperse. “This is how the murderous regime treats the people,” Venezuelan opposition lawmaker Delsa Solorzano tweeted after the shooting, expressing a sentiment that could have just as easily come from Iran. “The sorrow of this man, whose wife and baby to be were killed by a bullet from the state, is Venezuela’s sorrow.” Venezuela is instructive for another reason—like Iran, it is another foreign crisis on which the Trump administration has completely reversed the policies of its predecessor. During

the summer, President Donald Trump instituted stringent sanctions against several leading Venezuelan officials, accusing Maduro at the same time of running a “dictatorship.” Trump even suggested at one point that there might be a U.S. “military option” against Venezuela—though he later, probably wisely, backed off from that idea. Venezuela will have reminded Trump and those around him that the overthrow of tyrannies involves much more than targeted sanctions and words of condemnation—however encouraging those are. More broadly, recent history should also remind him that not every confrontation with tyranny ends in success; the final overthrow of communism in 1990 was preceded by bloody, tragic failures—Soviet troops marching into Budapest and Prague, the repression of the Solidarity labor union in Poland, to name but two such events—in the decades before. Iran may be in the middle of a similar cycle of history, which is why the handful of world governments who regard the demise of the Islamic Republic as a desirable end need to stay the course, however long it may take. Ben Cohen’s column is distributed bt JNS.

comes along that embodies real wisdom. Not in an overwhelming or overtly intellectual way, but with simplicity, clarity, and great warmth. “My dear friend and colleague Rabbi Dovid Cohen has produced just such a book, “We’re Almost There” (Mosaica Press, 2016). “It is based upon his own life experiences, which makes it all the more relevant and valuable. It is engrossing because it shares dozens of precious anecdotes. It is uplifting because it discusses life’s challenges and instills hope in coping with them. And it is an easy way to absorb sophisticated Torah thoughts and not even be aware of how sophisticated they are. “Kol Hakavod, Reb Dovid, You toiled in writing a book, and now you’ve written one, and a very good one.” I conclude this week’s essay with one further heartfelt, albeit short, tribute by Howard Jonas, founder of the IDT Corporation, who wrote the following: “Rabbi Dovid Cohen combines the clarity of a top attorney with the insights of a modern-day spiritual leader in this remarkable book.” Rabbi Cohen and his wife Ruchi (nee Eisenberg), daughter of the chief rabbi of Austria, are the proud parents of four children. We wish them all the best upon this new and challenging position in our community. Jewish people, and, by extension, the time of the Mashiach: “R. Simeon b. Lakish said: ‘And Jacob called unto his sons, and said: Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you.’ Jacob wished to reveal to his sons the ‘end of the days,’ whereupon the Schechinah [the Divine Presence] departed from him.” (Talmud Bavli, Pesachim 56a) acob immediately assumed that the Schechinah had abandoned him due to some critical flaw in one of his children. As Rabbi Shimon ben Lakish beautifully explains: “Said he, ‘Perhaps, Heaven forefend! there is one unfit among my children, like Abraham, from whom there issued Ishmael, or like my father Isaac, from whom there issued Esau.’ [But] his sons answered him, ‘Hear O Israel, the L-rd our G-d the L-rd is One.’ Just as there is only One [G-d] in your heart, so is there only One in our hearts.” (Ibid.) Jacob was so reassured by his sons’ outpouring of faith and loyalty to Hashem that he joyously declared: “Baruch sham kavode malchuto l’olam vo’ed” (“Blessed be the name of His glorious Kingdom for ever and ever”), a practice we emulate until our own historical moment when we recite the Shema. May we ever choose the path of Jacob and his sons, and raise our united voices in recognition of the Oneness of Hashem and the eternity of His Kingdom. Moreover, may our fervent prayer help bring us closer to the Almighty and herald the coming of the Mashiach soon and in our days. V’chane yihi ratzon.

J

Challenge… Continued from page 20 world that nature is a manifestation of Hashem, if we could only learn to see. And this is perhaps our greatest challenge. We live in a world where we are surrounded with a constant stream of contention that tends to forget who really runs the world. The papers regularly declare what America will do, if Iran will do whatever it will do, and how Israel will react. But nowhere in the New York Times does it remember to suggest what G-d is doing. Incredibly, even today, after the bloodiest century in history, some people still view man as the pinnacle of creation. Thirty two hundred years ago, we were blessed to rediscover that in the end, our world depends first and foremost on how we choose to view it, and only then, on what we choose to do with it. Shabbat shalom from Jerusalem.

THE JEWISH STAR January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778

Introducing Ohr Torah’s Rabbi Dovid M. Cohen

21


CAlendar of Events

Send your events to Calendar@TheJewishStar.com • Deadline noon Friday • Compiled by Zachary Schechter

Conversations over Sushi: The White Shul invites all high school girls to a melaveh Malka and discussion about emunah and bechirah with Rebbetzin Feiner. For members only. 729 Caffrey Aven, Far Rockaway.

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Reuven Taragin, Yeshivat Hakotel founder and director of Eytan Community Education Feiner of The Conferences, White Shul, “When Yitzchak met “Torah tips on Rivkah: Torah’s Star tion and maintain to build Jewish first menThe how a strong By marriage”; of martial the Hebrew joined love”; Michal Towns “Ahavas in Horowitz, The FiveRabbi Sunday Yisrael: In theory or Long Beach on at its in pracnew Academy of

Super Spec ialS chanukat habayit Avenue in celebrating a on Church elementary school Woodmere. beginnings that the humble

tice?”; Rabbi Moshe Teitelbaum, d’asra, Young mora Israel of Lawrence-Cedarhurst, “Raising successful children”; Rebbetzin Lisa Septimus, yoetzet hala-

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Sha’arei Pruzdor Scholarship Dinner: Mesivta Sha’arei Pruzdor invites all to join them for their first annual scholarship dinner. 7 pm. 111 Irving Pl, Woodmere. 516-374-6777.

Saturday February 10

A Night of 100 Kosher Wines: YI of Long Beach and Lido Beach Synagogue join together to present are night of 100 kosher wines and 36 scotches and bourbons. $20 single, $35 couple. 7:30-10:30 pm. 120 Long Beach Blvd, Long Beach..

Thursday February 15

Achiezer 10th Anniversary Gala: “Tribute of a Decade” at The Sands, 1395 Beech St., Atlantic Beach. See notice on page 3 for details.

February 17, 18, 24

Harmony XII: Kol Rayus presents a song and dance extravaganza for women and girls featuring the N’Shei Zimriah Chorale Dance Troupe and benefiting TOVA. Tickets starting at $25. Motzei Shabbos start time: 8 pm. Sunday night start time: 7 pm. 2 Reilly Rd, Cedarhurst. 888718-4253.

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Star the loss, By The Jewish to remember Cedarhurst pausedmiracles of 9/11, at the the n on Sunday. the heroism, and commemoratio village’s annual Rabbi Shay Schachter of WoodIn his invocation, of the Young Israel the Master and (top right photo) pray that G-d, all the strength mere said, “we world, grant us Creator of the to stand firm together against of and the fortitude of extremism, of bigotry, all forms of terror, and of all evil that can be hatred, of racism, forms in our world.” who found in different obligation to thosenever solemn a have “We 11th to injured on Sept. died or were said Mayor Benjamin but we also forget what happened,” “We saw evil, Weinstock (bottom). America.” of best survivor saw the (middle), a 9/11 78,” reAri Schonburn Fate of “Miracle and waitand author of that day. He was called his experiences on the 78th floor when elevators ing to change hit. Chief the first plane hurst Fire Department Lawrence-Cedar the playing of saluting during victims. David Campell, 9/11 names of local Taps, read the

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to an — we believe investiture speech Delivering his Wilf Campus in at YU’sThe Newspaper of our Orthodox communities Berman, with many assembly of 2,000 ty, Rabbi Dr. Ari values that personify YeWashington Heights, in by livestream, that of the “five more listening spoke of the Rabbi Berman the five central “Five Torot, or institution.” teachings, of our believe in Tor“We do not just Chayyim — Torat at Emet but also and values must that our truths he said. live in the world,” teachings, YU’s other central Adam,” “Torat he said, are “Torat Tziyyon, the Chesed,” and “Torat Torah of Redemption.” formal cereFollowing the community parmonies, the YU street fair at an “InvestFest” Am- tied street fair on Amsterdam Avenue. 11 was a along at the “InvestFest” See YU on page Star

Jewish of Yeshiva UniversiVayera • Friday, November 3, 2017 • 14 Cheshvan 5778 • Luach page By The president 21 • The fifth Torah columns pages 20–21 VolSunday 16, No 41 said •on

At declaration’s centennial, a source of joy and derision

ceremony, YU’s new president, after the investiture for a selfie. sterdam Avenue who happily posed sought-after celebrity

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or the Palestinians, the year zero is not 1948, when the state of Israel came into being, but 1917, when Great Britain issued, on Nov. 2, the Balfour Declaration—expressing support for the establishment of a “Jewish national home” in Palestine. So central is the Balfour Declaration to Palestinian political identity that the “Zionist invasion” is officially deemed to have begun in 1917—not in 1882, when the first trickle of Jewish pioneers from Russia began arriving, nor in 1897, when the Zionist movement held its first congress in Basel, nor in the late 1920s, when thousands of German Jews fleeing the rise of Nazism chose to go to Palestine. The year 1917 is the critical date because that is when, as an anti-Zionist might say, the Zionist hand slipped effortlessly into the British imperial glove. It is a neat, simple historical proposition upon which the entire Palestinian version of events rests: an empire came to our land and gave it to foreigners, we were dispossessed, and for five generations now, we have continued to resist. Moreover, it is given official sanction in the Palestine National Covenant of 1968, in which article 6 defines Jews who “were living permanently in Palestine until the beginning of the Zionist invasion” as “Palestinians”—an invasion that is dated as 1917 in the covenants’ notes. As the Balfour Declaration’s centenary approached, this theme is much in evidence. There is now a dedicated Balfour Apology See Cohen on page 22

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Sukkah To Abbas Largest and Hamas, it was ‘original sin’

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t was a minor news story when it broke in the summer of 2016. Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas announced he was suing Great Britain over the Balfour Declaration, issued on Nov. 2, 1917. But as we observe the centennial of the document this week, it’s important to understand that although his lawsuit was a stunt, Abbas was serious. More than that, the symbolism of his See Tobin on page 22

Corbyn boycotts B’four event

Britain Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn— who in 2009 called Hezbollah and Hamas his “friends” — said he would not attend a dinner commemorating the centennial of the Balfour Declaration. Prime Minister Theresa May she would attend “with pride” and Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu would be her guest. “We are proud of the role we played in the creation of the State of Israel and we will certainly mark the centenary with pride,” May said. “I am also pleased that good trade relations and other relations that we have with Israel we are building on and enhancing.”

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IsraAID brings relief to U.S. disasters

By Ron Kampeas, JTA Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico, and WASHINGTON — For 17 years, the then the wildfires in northern California. Israeli NGO IsraAID has been performPolizer recalls that he was wrapping ing search and rescue, purifying water, up a visit to IsraAID’s new American providing emergency medical assistance headquarters in Palo Alto on Oct. 8 and and walking victims of trauma back to was on his way to a flight to Mexico to psychological health in dozens of disas- oversee operations after a devastating ter-hit countries. No 25 earthquake there when he got word of • Vol 16, But no season has been busier than the wildfires. “I literally had Luach page 19 9:15 • to do a Uthis past summer and fall, its co-CEO Yo- turn,” he said Havdalah this week in an interview 8:07 pm, tam Polizer said in an interview — and ting Candleligh at the Israeli embassy in Washington. Polizer spoke with the exhilaration of an executive whose team has come through a daunting challenge. “We’re the people who stay past the ‘aid festival’,” he said, grinning, describing the See IsraAID on page 5

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Leah in sec-t. (with mom of Woodmere for Girls in Cedarhurson Feinberg photos School said. More ar-old Elishevah at the Shulamith now there,” she The Jewish Star / Ed Weintrob trip” and a student out. Thirteen-ye came from year-long had been home. magic “on a 30 as olim, to come ond photo) love for Eretz Yisroel Nefesh B’Nefesh’s left Israel of my land. Jonawho flew promised Her parents her family’s journey fulfill “Part was she said. Long Islanders aliyah to the for a enough to flight page 16. through Al’s charter the smiling in” and making he’s waited long will follow,” to do this it’s time, NBN’s El to Israel the first some of “all said she’s wanted family, friends, “Hopefully, everyone t of boarding boarding the move Here are on July 3, going Hills (left) and was land, said excitemen olim, for others Shpage 16 through on July 1 carpet ride of Kew Gardens While the olim on emerged the promised of the and her school, from teaching See. 201 carpet to Her love of Israel for many than Yehoshua holy land, — he retired palpable time. visits to the the dream

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note remarks that opened the fourth While Torah is nual an- passed down way for the mesorahforever true, the ideal tive Five Towns Community Collaboraaccording Conference on to be conveyed the time, emphasizing to the middah of children — and Sunday. “What is the Torah how an everlastingto our that the primary of Torah and the kids need now?” ingredent needed in Yiddishkeit is embeddedlove he asked. “What today’s chinuch simcha. their beings — worked in 1972 is in necessarily changes won’t work today.” Twenty-six speakers, “You’re still talking over time. Rabbi Weinberger, about what rebbetzins, educators, including rabbis, for you in 1972 and insisting thatworked d’asrah of Congregationfounding morah ers and community leadwhat should work lecturers that’s Woodmere Aish Kodesh in and mashpia at sue that challengeeach addressed a key isMoshe Weinberger, for your kid,” Rabbi the YU, reminded families and parents Shila”a, said in key- that Torah and educators in attendance frum communities. The event, schools in will not be received the Young Israel hosted at of Woodmere, if it’s not was orgaSee 5 Towns Rabbi Moshe hosts on page Weinberger, of 15 Kodesh in Woodmere, Congregation Aish delivered keynote

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Tu B’Shvat Farbrengen for Men: Chabad of the Five Towns presents a special farbrengen in honor of Tu B’Shvat. 9 pm. 74 Maple Ave, Cedarhurst. 516-295-2478.

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Karaoke/Talent Show: Chabad and Friendship Circle present a teen and young adult karoke and talent show night. Suggested $10 donation per person. 7:15-8:30 pm. 74 Maple Ave, Cedarhurst. 516-295-2478. Comedy Night: Chabad of Five Towns and Kulanu present a comedy night with comedian Jon Fisch. Non-members $36, members $30. 8:30 pm. 620 Central Ave, Cedarhurst. 516-295-2478.

Saturday January 27

Weintrob

Saturday January 13

Women’s Shiur: [Weekly] Dr. Anette Labovitz’s women shiur will continue at Aish Kodesh. 10 am. 894 Woodmere Pl, Woodmere. CPR Training: The Sisterhood of the YI of Woodmere presents a Heartsaver CPR Course given by Mozelle Goldstein. $80. 8-10 pm. 845 Peninsula Blvd, Woodmere. Register at yiwoodmere.org/sisterhood. Seeing Things Clearly: [Weekly] Join Rabbi Shalom Yona Weis at Aish Kodesh for a shiur for women and high school girls titled “Seeing Things Clearly- Learning to View Our World and Our Lives Through Positive Lenses. 8:45 pm. 894 Woodmere Pl, Woodmere.

Timely Tanach: [Weekly] Join Rabbi Ya’akov Trump of the Young Israel of Lawrence Cedarhurst for a shiur on Sefer Shoftim. 8 pm. 8 Spruce St, Cedarhurst. Chumash and Halacha Shiur: [Weekly] Shiur with Rabbi Yosef Richtman at Aish Kodesh. 8 pm. 894 Woodmere Pl, Woodmere. Mom’s Night Out: A Friendship Circle program for moms of children with special needs. Sushi will be served. $5 suggested donation. 8:30 p. 74 Maple Ave, Cedarhurst. 516-2952478. Shiur and Tehillim Group: [Weekly] Join the women of YI of Woodmere at the home of Devorah Schochet. 9:15 pm. 559 Saddle Ridge Rd.

photos by Ed

Erev Shabbos Kollel: [Weekly] Eruv Shabbos Kollel starting with 6 am Chassidus shiur with Rav Moshe Weinberger and concluding with 9 am Chevrusah Learning session with Rabbi Yoni Levin. 894 Woodmere Pl, Woodmere.

Monday January 15

Wednesday January 17

The Jewish Star

Friday January 12

Timely Torah: [Weekly] Join Rabbi Ya’akov Trump, assistant rabbi of the Young Israel of Lawrence-Cedarhurst, for a shiur on relevant Halachic and philosophical topics related to Parsha Moadim and contemporary issues. Coffee and pastries. 8 am. 8 Spruce St, Cedarhurst. Learning Program: [Weekly] At Aish Kodesh led by Rav Moshe Weinberger following 8:15 Shacharis including 9 am breakfast and shiurim on subjects such as halacha, gemara and divrei chizuk. 894 Woodmere Pl, Woodmere. Gemara Shiur: [Weekly] Join Rabbi Moshe Sokoloff at the YI of Woodmere for a gemara shiu.r 9:15 am. 859 Peninsula Blvd, Woodmere. 516-295-0950. Torah 4 Teens: [Weekly] Yeshiva program for high-school age boys & young adults with Rabbi Matis Friedman. 9:15 am-12:30 pm. 410 Hungry Harbor Rd, Valley Stream. Torah4teens5T@ gmail.com. Friendship Circle Fun and Fitness: Chabad of the Five Towns and Friendship circle present Sports Circle featuring fun basketball and soccer activities. $45. 4:15-5:15 pm. 74 Maple Ave, Cedarhurst. 516-295-2478.

“Midah of Seder in our Avodas Hashem.” 11 am. 894 Woodmere Pl, Woodmere. Jewish History: [Weekly] Join Rabbi Evan Hoffman at the YI of Woodmere for a talk on Jewish History. 8:15 pm. 859 Peninsula Blvd, Woodmere. 516-295-0950. Halacha Shiur: [Weekly] Join Rabbi Moshe Sokoloff at the YI of Woodmere for a halacha shiur. 8:40 pm. 859 Peninsula Blvd, Woodmere. 516-295-0950. Gemara Shiur: [Weekly] Join Rabbi Dr. Aaron Glatt at the YI of Woodmere for a gemara shiu. 9:15 pm. 859 Peninsula Blvd, Woodmere. 516-295-0950.

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Parsha Shiur: [Weekly] Join Michal Horowitz at the YI of Woodmere for a special shiur on the parsha. 9:30 am. 859 Peninsula Blvd, Woodmere. 516-295-0950. Iyun Tefilah: [Weekly] Rabbi Moshe Teitelbaum at the Young Israel of Lawrence Cedarhurst. 9:45 am. 8 Spruce St, Cedarhurst. Loaves of Love: Women are invited to learn the art of baking Challah and to experience the beauty of this important Mitzvah and have meaningful discussions with Rebbetzin Chanie Wolowik. 10 am. 748 Central Ave, Woodmere. 516-295-2478. Hospital Event: St. John’s Episcopal Hospital, the local hospital, will have a ribbon-cutting and open house for its new Wound Care Center. 11 am. 327 B. 19 St., Far Rockaway. 718-869-8306. Learn Maseches Brachos: [Weekly] Join Rabbi Eliyahu Wolf at the YI of Woodmere for a shiur on Maseches Brachos. 5:15 pm. 859 Peninsula Blvd, Woodmere. 516-295-0950. Kumzitz: The White Shul invites all to a special kumzitz and drasha led by Rabbi Zev Leff. 9 pm. 728 Empire Ave, Far Rockaway. 718-327-0500. Halacha Shiur: [Weekly] Join Rabbi Yoni Levin at Aish Kodesh for a halacha shiur. 9:30 pm. 894 Woodmere Pl, Woodmere.

Sunday January 14

prst std Us postage paid garden City, ny 11530 permit no 301

Thursday January 11

permit no 301

January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778 THE JEWISH STAR

The JEWISH STAR

prst std Us postage paid garden City, ny 11530

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23 THE JEWISH STAR January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778

THE COMMUNITY-WIDE Motzei Shabbos Tanach Shiur Please join us for the 22nd season of the Community -Wide Tanach Shiur

JANUARY 13, 2018 7:00PM trtu ,arp e"amun

PROGRAM HOSTED BY: Young Israel of Lawrence-Cedarhurst 8 Spruce Street

Rabbi Eliezer Cohen will be learning

Perek 36 & 37 of Tehillim v"g jubn rzghkt crv ,c kyhd ,nab hukhgk Sponsored by Mr. and Mrs. Mordy Kriger in memory of their beloved parents: k"z rhtn cegh "r ic ctz 'r wv"g kmrv hk,pb 'r ,c gmbj vhj ,rn wv"g ehzhht ejmh 'r ,c vsbhv vbj

Co-Sponsored By:

Cong. Shaaray Tefila Rabbi Uri Orlian HILI Bais Medrash Rabbi Dov Bressler Kehillas Bais Yehuda Rabbi Yaakov Feitman Cong. Tifereth Zvi Rabbi Pinchas Chatzinoff Y.I. of Bayswater Rabbi Eliezer Feuer Y.I. of Far Rockaway Rabbi Shaul Chill Y.I. of Hewlett Rabbi Heshy Blumstein Y.I. of Lawrence-Cedarhurst Rabbi M. Teitelbaum Y.I. of North Woodmere Rabbi Yehuda Septimus Y.I. of Woodmere Rabbi Hershel Billet

Promotion Courtesy of opportunities, please call Priority-1 at 516.295.5700. For more information or dedication A Priority-1 Community Initiative

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Agudah of the Five Towns Rabbi Yitzchok Frankel Agudah of West Lawrence Rabbi Moshe Brown Bais Haknesses of N. Woodmere Rabbi A. Lebowitz Bais Medrash D’Cedarhurst Rabbi Dovid Spiegel Chofetz Chaim Torah Center Rabbi Aryeh Z. Ginzberg Cong. Bais Avrohom Rabbi Osher Stern Cong. Anshei Chessed Rabbi Simcha Lefkowitz Cong. Bais Ephraim Yitzchok Rabbi Zvi Ralbag Cong. Bais Tefila Rabbi Ephraim Polakoff Cong. Beth Sholom Rabbi Kenneth Hain Cong. Kneseth Israel Rabbi Eytan Feiner


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January 12, 2018 • 25 Teves, 5778 THE JEWISH STAR

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The Jewish Star  

January 12, 2018

The Jewish Star  

January 12, 2018

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