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CMYK

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Ad-_n a-e-bm-fw ]Tn-®v am∏n-f km-ln-Xy-]-fin-X-\m-bn-Øo¿-∂ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ h-≈n-°p-∂v kw-km-cn-°p∂p

CMYK

Hcp Ime-Øv tI-c-f-Øn¬ ^pSv-t_mƒ hk-¥w sIm-≠p-h-∂ \m-Kv-PnI-∏v Sq¿-W-sa‚v ho-s≠-Sp-°m≥ B-cp ap≥-ssI-sb-Sp-°pw? tem-II-∏v B-c-h-߃-°n-sS a-e-bm-fn Ku-c-h-am-bn C-Xn-s\ -Ip-dn®m-tem-Nn°ptam?

{io-Ip-am¿ \n-b-Xn

B

-dp ]-Xn-‰m-≠p ap-ºv \m-Kv-Pn t{Sm-^n F-∂ sh-≈n-°-∏mWv B-Zy-am-bn a-e-bm-fn a-\ n-te-°v Im¬-∏-¥p-I-fn-bpsS am-{¥n-I-X-bpw am-kv-a-cnI-{]-I-S-\-ß-fpw F-Øn-®-Xv. ^p-Sv-t_mƒ-I-fn-bp-sS ho-dpw hm-in-bpw A-g-Ipw B-th-i-hp-sam-s° \-ΩpsS a-\- n-te-°v sIm-≠p-h-∂ B sh-≈n-°-∏v Ct∏mƒ tIm-gn-t°m-Sv Pn-√m ^p-Sv-t_mƒ A-tkm-kntb-j≥ Hm-^n-kv sI-´n-S-Øn-se Np-h-c-e-am-c-bn¬ hn-{i-a-Øn-em-Wv. B sh-≈n-°-∏v H-∂p Im-Wm-\m-bn sI.-Un.-F-^v.F-bn-se-Øn-b-t∏mƒ sk-{I-´-dn l-cn-Zm-k-\p-≠v. I∏v ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Øv t^m-t´m F-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ l-cn-Zm-kn-s‚ ap-Jw h-√m-sX hm-Sn. l-cn-Zm-kv ]-d™p: ""c-≠p tIm-Sn cq-] th-Ww {io-Ip-am-sd C-\n \m-Kv-Pn Sq¿-W-sa‚ v A-Xn-t‚-Xm-b A-¥-t m-sS \-SØ-W-sa-¶n¬'' G-I-tZ-iw A-º-Xn-te-sd t]-Pp-I-fp≈ ]-≤-Xn dn-t]m¿-´pw X-øm-dm-°n Im-Øn-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv l-cn.

am¿-°-‰n-se C-d-®n-°-S-bn¬-\n-∂p In-´p-∂ h-cp-am-\w ap-gp-h≥ ^p-Sv-t_m-fn-s‚ h-f¿-®-bv-°p th-≠n-bm-Wv B-en-° sN-e-h-gn-®-Xv. 1930I-fn¬ am-\m-©n-d ssa-Xm-\n-bn¬ \m-°-Sn `mkv-I-tc-´-s‚ So-an-s\-Xn-tc I-fn-°m≥ _mw-•q-cn¬-\n∂pw ssa-kq-cn¬-\n-∂p-sa-√mw h-º≥ I-fn-°m-sc sIm-≠p-h-∂-bm-fm-Wv B-en-t°m-b. 1915¬ B-ent°m-b tIm-gn-t°m-´v ¢-∫v ÿm-]n-®p-˛ bq-\n-th-gv-

A-c-a-Xn-ep-t]m-ep-an-√m-Ø am-\m-©n-d ssa-Xm-\Øv Im¬-∏-¥v D-cp-≠p-Xp-S-ßn-b Im-e-Øp Xp-S-ßn-bXm-Wv tIm-gn-t°m-´p-Im¿-°v "^p-Sv-t_mƒ {`m-¥v.-' C-d®n-°-®-h-Sw \-S-Øn ^p-Sv-t_mƒ I-fn sIm-≠p-h-∂ tIm-´-∏-d-º-Øv B-en-°-bp-sS ]n≥-ap-d-°m¿ {_-koen¬ \-S-°p-∂ Im¬-∏-¥p I-fn-°v C-{X-tb-sd H-®-∏mSv D-≠m-°n-bn-´n-s√-¶n-te A-Zv-`p-X-ap-≈q. sk≥-{S¬ tkTv \m-Kv-Pn A-a¿-kn k¬ ¢-∫v. cm-Py-sa-ßp-ap-≈ ^p-Sv-t_mƒ I-fn-°msc tIm-gn-t°m-´p sIm-≠p-h-∂p I-fn-∏n-°m-\pw a-‰p ÿ-e-ß-fn-te-°v tIm-gn-t°m-S≥ I-fn-°m-sc sIm≠p-t]m-bn I-fn-∏n-°m-\p-ap-≈ B¿-P-hw Im-Wn-®p bq-\n-th-gv-k¬ B-en-t°m-b. 1930¬ A-©p h¿-jw Xp-S¿-®-bm-bn Z-£n-tW¥y-bn-se an-I-® ^p-Sv-t_mƒ Sq¿-W-sa‚m-b `-hm-\n dm-hp Sq¿-W-sa‚n¬ Z-Øv sa-tΩm-dn-b¬ I-∏v I-cÿ-am-°n-b-Xv bq-\n-th-gv-k-em-Wv. tIm-S-Xn ssa-Xm\n-bn-epw am-\m-©n-d ssa-Xm-\n-bn-epw ]m-b-hn-cn-®v In-S-∂p-d-ßn ^p-Sv-t_m-fn-s‚ h-f¿-®-bn¬ ]-¶m-fnbm-b B-en-°-sb-°p-dn-®v Hm¿-an-°m-\pw Hm¿-a tc-Js∏-Sp-Øm-\pw D-≠m-b-Xv ]-c-∏n¬-Im-c≥ a-Ω-Xv tImb am-{Xw. Im-en-°-‰v ap-kv-enw-kv, ªq-kv, ap-kv-enw-˛-ln-μp ¢∫v C-sXm-s°-bm-bn-cp-∂p ]-g-b I-fn-°m-cp-sS D-inc≥ So-ap-Iƒ. C-sXm-s° Hm¿-sØ-Sp-°m≥ H-cp Im-cW-ap-≠v. tIm-gn-t°m-´p-Im¿-°v ]m-´p-t]m-se {]n-b-amWv ^p-Sv-t_m-fpw. \m-Kv-Pn ^p-Sv-t_mƒ Sq¿-W-sa‚ v \-K-c-Øn-\v s]cp-∂m-fpw D-dq-kpw D¬-k-h-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p. ^p-Svt_mƒ ssa-Xm-\-sØ B-c-h-ß-fpw hn-P-b-ap-lq¿Ø-ß-fp-sam-s° a-e-_m-dn-°v k-Ωm-\n-®-Xv H-tcsbm-cp Sq¿-W-sa‚m-Wv ˛-\m-Kv-Pn ^p-Sv-t_mƒ. ^p-Svt_mƒ Po-h-c-‡-Øn-e-en-™-h-cm-Wv tIm-gn-t°m´p-Im¿. A-h-cp-sS "H-gn-hp-Im-ew' \m-Kv-Pn Sq¿-W-sa‚n\v am-‰n-h-®-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. C-∂v tem-I-^p-Sv-t_m-fn-\p th-≠n B-fp-Iƒ Im-´n°q-´p-∂ tIm-{]m-b-߃ ap-gp-h≥ sh-dpw Pm-S-bm-sW∂v ]-d-bp-∂-Xn¬ sX-‰n-√. 60 h-b- p I-gn-™v C-∂pw ]p-e¿-s® I-S-∏p-d-Øpw a-‰p I-fn-ÿ-e-ß-fn-epw ]-¥pcp-´p-∂ tbm-Kn _o-Un Po-h-\-°m-c≥ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ ]-d-bp-∂-Xn-Xm-Wv. {_-ko-en-se ^p-Sv-t_mƒ In-co-S[m-c-W-Øn-\v a-e-_m-dp-Im¿ A-®-Sn-®p Iq-´n-b ^v-f-Ivkp-I-fp-sS-bpw I-´u-´p-I-fp-sS-bpw ]-W-ap-≠m-bn-cps∂-¶n¬ H-cp \m-Kv-Pn Sq¿-W-sa‚ v \-S-Øm-am-bn-cp-∂p. B-cp-sS-sbm-s°-tbm A-Wn-b-d hn-hm-Z-ß-fn¬-s∏-´mWv ^p-Sv-t_mƒ Sq¿-W-sa‚ v \n-e-®-Xv. kp-`m-jv `u-an°pw X-¶-cm-Ppw kp-[o¿ I¿-am¿-°pw tIm-gn-t°m-´pIm-cm-b t{]w-\m-Yv ^n-en-∏pw tk-Xp-hpw {]-k-∂-\pw H-s° tÃ-Un-b-Øn¬ \n-d-™p-\n-∂ kp-h¿-W-Imew ^p-Sv-t_mƒ t{]-an-Iƒ-°p a-d-°m-\m-hp-tam?

CMYK

B‚ v I-º-\n-bm-Wv A-h-cp-sS _-Sm-tkTv B-bn-cp∂ \m-Kv-Pn A-a¿-kn-bp-sS a-c-Wm-\-¥-cw Hm¿-a-bv°m-bn H-cp I-∏v sh-≈n-bn¬ ]-Wn-X-Xv. 1943em-bn-cp∂p A-a¿-kn-bp-sS hn-tbm-Kw. ]p-{X≥ Z-bm-\-μ \mKv-Pn 1950¬ sh-≈n-°-∏v kw-`m-h-\ sN-bv-Xp. tI-c-fØn-se B-Zy-sØ Ip-S \n¿-am-Xm-°ƒ A-ß-s\ tI-c-f-Øn-se ^p-Sv-t_mƒ h-f¿-®-bn-se A-a-c-°mcp-am-bn. h-en-b-ßm-Sn B-cw-`n-°p-∂-Xn-\-Sp-Øv Xr-t°mhn¬ C-S-h-gn-bp-sS Xp-S-°-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p I-º-\n-bpsS B-ÿm-\w. A-hn-sS-\n-∂v C-d-°n-b kq-cy-am¿-°v Ip-S-I-fn¬ hn-S¿-∂ I-Æp-I-fpw H-cp kn-μq-c-s∏m-´pw Ip-Øn-b km-£m¬ kq-cy-`-K-hm-s‚ Nn-{Xw A-h-cpsS Nn-”-am-bn-cp-∂p. sh-≈n-°-∏v cq-]-I¬-∏-\ in¬-∏n I-∏n-\p-ap-Ifn¬ H-cp Ip-S-bpw I-∏n¬ kq-cy-s‚ Nn-{X-hpw ap-{ZWw sN-bv-Xp. B Ip-S Nq-Sn-b sh-≈n-°-∏m-Wv tImgn-t°m-S≥ a-Æn-te-°v I-dm-®n-bn¬-\n-∂pw [-°-bn¬\n-∂pw sIm¬-°-Ø-bn¬-\n-∂pw ]m-In-kv-Xm-\n¬\n-∂p-sam-s°-bp-≈ ^p-Sv-t_mƒ Xm-c-ß-sf B-I¿jn-®-Xv.

I-em-Im-c≥-am-cm-b I-a-t‚-‰¿-am¿

B-en-t°m-b-bp-sS bq-\n-th-gv-k¬ ¢-∫v

hc: C. kp[m-Ic≥

""Xm-¶v bp an-kv-‰¿ ]-Xv-a-\m-`≥-\m-b¿.-.-.-'' F-∂ hmN-I-tØm-sS ^p-Sv-t_mƒ I-em-i-°-fn-bp-sS X¬-ka-b-hn-h-c-Ww \¬-In-bn-cp-∂ {]-i-kv-X Xn-c-°-YmIm-c≥ Sn. Zm-tam-Z-c≥ I-a-t‚-‰-dn t_m-Iv-kn-en-cp-∂v G-sd hm-Nm-e-\m-bn I-fn hn-h-cn-°p-∂ Im-gv-N \m-KvPn ^p-Sv-t_m-fn-s‚ a-s‰m-cp B-I¿-j-W-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]-{X-{]-h¿-Ø-I≥ ]-Xv-a-\m-`≥ \m-b-cpw t\m-h-en-Ãv ]n.-F. ap-l-Ω-Zv tIm-b (ap-jv-Øm-Jv) F-∂ B-Zy-Ime I-fn-sb-gp-Øp-Im-c-\p-sa-√mw B Sq¿-W-sa‚p-I-fpsS N-cn-{X-Øn-se {X-kn-°p-∂ Hm¿-a-I-fm-Wv. `m-kn a-em-]-d-ºv A-∂v B-Im-i-hm-Wn-bn-eq-sS-bm-Wv X¬k-a-bw I-fn hn-h-cn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. C-∂-sØ-t∏m-se Nm\¬ am-[y-a-∏-S A-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√ "sse-hv' sIm-Sp°m≥. tlm-´-ep-I-fpw ho-Sp-I-fpw I-fn Xp-S-ßn-°-gn™m¬ td-Un-tbm t{im-Xm-°-sf-s°m-≠v \n-d-bpw. A≥-km-cn-]m¿-°n-se h-en-b tIm-fm-ºn-I-fn¬\n-∂p tÃ-Un-b-Øn-se Hm-tcm \n-an-j-hpw H-∏n-sb-SpØp-≈ A-h-cp-sS I-fn-h¿-W-\-Iƒ a-\- n¬-\n-∂p am-bn-√. A-Xp-t]m-se X-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p kv-t‰-Un-bØn-se I-fn-°m-sc ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠p-≈ A-dn-bn-∏p-I-fpw. I-fn I-≠-Xn-t\-°mƒ H-cp-th-f {]i-kv-X-cm-b I-a-t‚-‰¿-am-cp-sS hm-Iv-Nm-Xp-cn-bn¬-\n∂pw \-ap-°v H-cp ss^-\¬ a¬-k-cw I-≠ {]-Xo-Xn e-`n-®n-cp-∂p. Sn. Zm-tam-Z-c-\pw ]-t∏-´-\pw C-∂n-√.

F-{X-sb-{X I-fn-°m¿ cm-Py-sØ H-fnw-]y≥-am-cp-sS H-cp \o-≠-\n-c Xs∂ tIm-gn-t°m-S≥ I-fn-°-f-ß-fm-b am-\m-©n-d-bnepw kv-t‰-Un-b-Øn-epw h-∂p an-∂p-∂-{]-I-S-\-߃ Im-gv-N-h-®n-cp-∂p. ^p-Sv-t_mƒ cm-Pm-°≥-am-sc-∂p hn-ti-jn-∏n-°m-hp-∂ ta-hv-em¬, X-¶-cm-Pv, In-´p, Fw.B¿.-kn. Ir-jv-W≥. Im-Wp-t¥m-dpw km-{μ-X-tb-dp∂ I-fn-Iƒ I-≠-Xn-s‚ a-[p-cn-°p-∂ Hm¿-a-Iƒ s\mº-c-am-hp-∂p. ta-hv-em-en-s‚ _m-°v kn-k-dn¬ tKmƒ ]n-d-∂-Xv \m-KvP - n-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. I¬-°Ø - ap-lΩ - Z- ≥-kn-t\m-Sv tIm-gn-t°m-s´ Nm-et- ©-gvk - v I-fn-°m-\n-dß - n-bt- ∏mƒ

\m-Kv-Pn I-∏n-s‚ B-dp-]-Xn-‰m-≠p-Iƒ Km-e-dn-bn-se {]-hm-N-I-\m-bn-cp∂p Hmt´m N-{μ≥. H-cn°¬ Cu I-fn B-kzm-ZI-s\ tIm-gn-t°m-´p-Im¿ Im-ip ]n-cn-®v tem-II-∏v Im-Wm-\-b°pI t]m-ep-ap-≠mbn

CMYK

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A-Sn-b-¥-cm-h-ÿ-bpsS Hm¿-a-I-fp-am-bn Pq¨ 26 H-cn-°¬ Iq-Sn˛`o-Xn-bp-sS Ip-¥-ap-\-bn¬ C-¥y \n∂ B \m-fp-I-fn-eq-sS

tkTv \m-Kv-Pn A-a¿-kn sa-tΩm-dn-b¬ Sq¿-Wsa‚ v F-∂ t]-cn¬ tkTv \m-Kv-Pn ]p-cp-tjm-Øw

\m-Kv-Pn Sq¿W-sa‚v H-cp ]-g-b Nn{Xw

^pSv-t_mƒ Zr-Iv-km-£n-hn-h-c-W-°mcmb Sn. Zm-tam-Zc≥ am-kv-‰dpw ]-fl-\m-`-≥ \m-b-cp-am-bn-cp∂p \m-KvPn-bp-sS a-s‰m-cp B-I¿-jWw C-∂s - Ø I-fn-sb-gp-Øp-Im-c≥ `m-kn a-em-∏d - º - pw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ssl-Z-cm-_m-Zv kn-‰n t]m-en-kn-s‚ a-d°m-\m-hm-Ø I-fn-°m-c\ - m-bn-cp-∂p H-fnw-]y-\pw \m-bI-\p-am-bn-cp-∂ A-ko-kv. tIm-gn-t°m-´p-Im¿-°pw I-Æq¿-Im¿-°pw a-d-°m\m-hm-Ø I-fn-bm-bn-cp-∂p P-b-dm-a≥-am-cp-tS-Xv. H. N{μ-ti-J-c≥, B‚-Wn, sF.-Fw. hn-P-b≥, t{]w-\m-Yv ^n-en-∏v, {]-k-∂≥, tk-Xp, hn-Œ¿, A-tim-I≥ C-ßs\ ]-e-cpw kz-¥w "tlmw-Su-Wn¬' A-\y-kw-ÿm-\ ¢-∫p-I-fn-se P-gv-kn-b-Wn-™v I-fn-°-f-Øn-se-Øn. F-{X-tbm I-fn-t∏m-cm-fn-Iƒ! C.-Fw.-C. t]m-ep≈ ]-´m-f-So-ap-Iƒ-°v A-°m-e-Øv tIm-gn-t°m-´v Bcm-[-I-cp-sS F-Æw G-sd-bm-bn-cp-∂p. \-K-c-Øn-se tlm-´-ep-I-fm-b ho-‰v lu-kn-epw _o-®v tlm-´-en-epw C-∂v ta-b¿-`-h-\m-bn am-dn-b A-∂-sØ K-h. K-kv-‰vlu-kn-epw anTm-bn-sØ-cp-hn-se {Sm-h-te-gv-kv _w•m-hn-ep-sam-s° tIm-gn-t°m-S≥ ]-e-lm-c-ß-fp-ambn X-ß-fp-sS {]n-b-s∏-´ Im-bn-I-Xm-c-ß-sf ImWm≥ B-cm-[-I-cp-sS Xn-c-°m-bn-cp-∂p. {]-Xn-tcm-[-\n-c-I-fn¬ Xn-f-ßp-∂ Xm-c-ß-tfm-Sv h√m-Ø {]-Xn-]-Øn H-cp Iq-´¿-s°-¶n¬ tKmƒ-h-e Im°p-∂ "Im-h¬'°m-tcm-Sv a-‰p Nn-e¿-°v {]-W-bw.

tijw t]-Pv c≠n¬ 

CMYK

2014 Pq¨ 22 Rm-b-¿ hmfyw 9 e°w 434

tNc-am≥ s]-cp-amƒ hn-hm-Zw Xp-S-cp∂p; H-∂√ c-≠p s]-cp-amƒ-am¿ C-kvemw kzo-I-cn-®n-´p-s≠-∂v hm-b-\-°mc-s‚ {]-Xn-I-c-Ww


2

2014 Pq¨ 22 Rm-b-¿

{]Xn-IcWw

ap-l-Ω-Zv tKm-dn-bpsStbm ap-l-Ω-Zv K-kv-\n-bpsStbm B-{I-a-W-߃-°p ti-j-am-Wv C-kv-em-w C-¥y-bn-se-Øn-b-sX-∂ hm-Z-߃ C-kvem-an-s\ B-{I-a-W-hp-am-bn _-‘n-∏n-°m≥ Ir-{Xn-a-am-bn ]-S-®p-≠m-°n-b-XmWv. C-tX ]-≤-Xn-bp-sS `m-K-am-Wv sam-sd-bp-sS ]p-kv-X-Ihpw A-Xn\v hn. ap-l-Ω-Zv-tIm-b- F-gpXn-b \n-cq-]-W-hp-sa-∂v hn-a¿-in-°p-I-bm-Wv te-JI≥

aXw- amdn-b s]-cp-amÄ-amÀ H¶Ã, cv

lrZb tXPkv Sn.sI. B-‰-t°mb

I-fn-I-fp-sS cm-jv-{So-bw A-∫m-kv Im-f-tØm-Sv

a

-Wn-°n-W¿ kw-hm-Z-ß-fn¬ B¿-°pw F¥pw ]-d-bmw. H-cp D-Zm-l-c-Ww Im-Wp-I. hn-j-bw: tN-c-am≥ s]-cp-amƒ. tN-c-am≥ s]-cp-amƒ tN-c-a¿ k-ap-Zm-b-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p F-∂v H-cmƒ, A-X-√ s]-cp-amƒ k-ap-Zm-b-°m-c\m-bn-cp-∂p a-s‰m-cmƒ. A-sXm-∂p-a-√, X-an-gv\m-´p-Im-c-\m-b tN-c≥ cm-Pm-hm-bn-cp-∂p F-∂v aq-∂m-a≥. C-ß-s\, A-‘≥-am¿ B-\-sb I≠-Xpt]m-se kw-L-S-\-I-fp-sS N-cn-{X sk-an\m-dp-Iƒ sI-t¶-a-am-bn \-S-Øp-∂ h¿-Ø-am-\Im-ew. au-\-Øn-s‚ ]p-dw-tXm-Sv s]m-´n-°p-∂Xv C-t∏m-g-s√-¶n¬ ]n-s∂-t∏m-gm-Wv? am-\y Fw.Pn.F-kv. `-‡-∑m¿ Cu-bp-≈-h-t\m-Sv s]mdp-Øm-epw! tI-c-f cm-P-hw-iw `-c-Ww B-cw-`n-°p-∂-Xv {In-kv-Xp h¿-jw H-º-Xmw \q-‰m-≠n-em-sW-∂v {]-^. C-f-Ip-fw- Ip-™≥-∏n-≈ kw-i-bte-i-at\y sX-fn-bn-®-Xv \-ap-°n-hn-sS-tbm¿-°mw. ]n∂o-S-Xv Fw.Pn.F-kpw i-cnh-®-Xm-Wv. sibv-Jv ssk-\p-±o≥ ]-d-bp-∂-Xpw C-XpX-s∂-bm-Wv. F-∂ph-®m¬, {]-hm-N-I-s‚ Im-e-Ø-√ tN-cam≥ s]-cp-amƒ a-°-Øpt]m-b-sX-∂p km-cw. tN-c-am≥ s]-cp-am-fp-am-bn ]-d-™pt]m-cp-∂ IY sh-dp-sam-cp I-Y-bm-sW-∂pw Cu sF-Xnlyw sX-fn-bn-°m-\p-X-Ip-∂ bm-sXm-cp N-cn{Xtc-J-I-fp-an-s√-∂pw A-`n-{]m-b-s∏-´-h¿ Nn√-d-°m-cp-a-√. F. {io-[-c-ta-t\m≥, kn. ANypX ta-t\m≥, sI.]n. ]-fl-\m-` ta-t\m≥, sI.hn. Ir-jv-W-ø¿, F. hn-{Iw Xp-S-ßn-b-h-cpsS \n-c \o-≠-Xm-Wv. (hn. ap-l-Ω-Zv-tIm-b/tNc-am≥ s]-cp-amƒ: k-Xy-tam an-Yy-tbm?/ tX-Pkvv sa-bv 25) Cu k-h¿-W\n-c-bp-sS \o-≠ s]-cp-a-b-√ kp-lr-tØ h-kv-Xp-X-Iƒ-°v \n-Xm-\w. t£{X- in-emJ-fi-ß-sf-bpw sF-Xn-ly P-Un-e-XI-sf-bpw N-cn-{X-Øn-\v sX-fn-hm-bp-≤-cn-°p-∂Xn¬ bm-sXm-cp A-]m-I-X-bpw Im-Wm-Ø CØ-c-°m¿, {]-hm-N-I Im-e-Øp X-s∂ tI-c-f°-c-bn¬ C-kv-em-an-\p th-tcm-´-ap-≠m-b-Xn-\p≈ F-√m sX-fn-hp-I-fpw X-≈n-°-f-bp-∂p. C-_v\p Im-kn-an-s‚ kn-‘m-{I-a-W-Øn-\p ti-jw, A-s√-¶n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv tKm-dn, ap-l-Ω-Zv K-kv-\n F-∂n-h-cp-sS B-{I-a-W-߃-°p ti-j-am-Wv C-kv-em-an-I A-[n-\n-th-i-ap-≠m-b-sX-∂pw Ckv-emw B-{I-a-W-Øn-eq-sS-bm-Wv C-¥y cm-PyØv th-cp-I-fm-gv-Øn-b-sX-∂pw h-cp-ØnØo¿°m-\p-≈ I¨-sI-´v hn-Zy-I-fm-Wv \-tS ]-d-™ N-cn-{X-Im-c-∑m-cp-sS "\o-≠ \n-c' \-S-Øn-s°m≠n-cp-∂-Xv. N-cn-{X-Im-c-\n-√m-Ø H-cp Im-e-L-´-Øn-s‚ N-cn-{Xw ]p-\¿-hm-b-\ \-S-Øp-tºmƒ A-]-Zm-\ß-sf-bpw D-]-Zm-\-ß-sf-bpw B-{i-bn-t°≠nh-cp-∂-Xv kz-m`m-hn-I-am-Wv. {In.ti. 628¬ A-td-_y-bn¬ sN-∂v {]-hm-N-Ik-∂n-[n-bn¬ C-kv-emw kzo-I-cn-® s]-cp-amƒ, iw-J-h¿-a≥ F-∂ sN-¶¬ s]-cp-am-fm-sW-∂m-Wv ]n.F. sk-bv-Xp-ap-l-Ω-Zv "tI-c-f ap-kv-enw N-cn-{Xw' F∂ {K-Ÿ-Øn¬ tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. sibv-Jv k-lo-dp-±o\v_v-\p X-Jv-bp-±o-\pw kw-L-hp-am-Wv tI-c-f-Øn-se-Øn-b B-Zy-sØ C-kv-em-an-I an-j-\-dn kw-Lw. A-°m-e-Øv Atd-_y-°p Np-‰p-ap-≈ \m-\m Zn-°n-te-°pw Zq-X∑m-sc A-b-®v, X-t±-io-b cm-Pm-°-∑m¿-°v {]hm-N-I≥ k-tμ-i-߃ sIm-Sp-Ø-b-®n-cp-∂p. Cu k-tμ-ihm-l-I-\m-bm-Wv sibv-Jv X-Jv-bp±o≥ sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿ Xo-c-Øv I-∏-en-d-ßn-b-Xv. Ckv-em-an-I Z¿-i-\-sØ Ip-dn-®v a-Xn-∏ptXm-∂nb s]-cp-amƒ, {]-hm-N-I k-∂n-[n-bn-se-Øn-t®c-W-sa-∂p-≈ X-s‚ B-{K-lw X-Jv-bp-±o-t\m-Sv ]-d-™p. kn-tem-Wn-se B-Zw a-e k-μ¿-in-®v a-S-ßnh-cp-tºmƒ X-߃-s°m-∏w A-td-_y -bn-te-°v bm-{X ]p-d-s∏-Sm-sa-∂v X-Jv-bp-±o≥

hm-°psIm-Sp-Øp. {In.ti. 628¬ {]-hm-NIk∂n-[n-bn-se-Øn-b tN-c-am≥ s]-cp-amƒ "Xm-Pp±o≥' F-∂ \m-aw kzo-I-cn-®v ap-kv -en-am-bn. l÷v \n¿-h-ln-®v 17 Zn-h-k-߃ {]-hm-N-I-s\m∏w sN-e-h-gn-®p. Xp-S¿-∂v H-am-\n-se-Øn. k-¥Xk-l-Nm-cn-bm-b am-en-°v-_v-\p-Zo-\m-dn-s‚ ktlm-Z-cn-sb hn-hm-lw sN-bv-Xv Xm-a-k-am-°n. {In.ti. 632¬ tI-c-f-Øn-te-°p-≈ a-S-°-bm-{Xbv-s°m-cp-ß-sh, tN-c-am≥ A-kp-J_m-[n-X\m-bn. tcm-Kw aq¿-—n-®v A-t±-lw "sj-l¿ ap-J√'bn-¬h-®v A-¥-cn-®p. A-Iv-_¿-jm Jm-s‚ B-sb-s\ l-Jo-J-Øv \m-a, A-–p¬ Im-knw s^-cn-kv-X-bp-sS Xm-cnsJ s^-cn-kv-X, A¬ X-_v-cn-bp-sS ^n¿-Zuk¬ ln-Jv-a-Xv, D-a¿ kp-lr-h¿-Zn-bp-sS cn-lv-eØp¬ ap-eq-°v Xp-S-ßn {K-Ÿ-ß-fn-se-√mw taep-≤-cn-® N-cn-{X-ap-≠v. C-Ø-cw N-cn-{X `m-jyß-sfm-∂pw Im-Wm-sX H-cp {K-Ÿw am-{Xw hmbn-®v tN-c-am-s‚ Im-e-L-´w A-S-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øp∂-h¿ Fw.Pn.F-kn-s‚ I¨-sI-´n¬ h-iw-h-Zcm-b-h-cm-Wv. si-bvJv ssk-\p-±o≥ a-Jv-Zqw c-≠m-a-s‚ Xp^v-l-Øp¬ ap-Pm-ln-Zo≥ ^o A-l-v _m-dn¬ _p¿-Øp-Im-en-øo≥ F-∂ {K-Ÿ-Øn¬ tN-cam≥ s]-cp-am-fp-sS Im-e-L-´w ln-P-d c-≠mw \q‰m-≠m-bm-Wv tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈-Xv. C-Xv ]n¬-Im-e N-cn-{X-Im-c-∑m¿-°n-S-bn¬ B-tcmKy-I-c-am-b kw-hm-Z-߃-°pw Im-c-W-am-bn-´p≠v. Im-e-K-W-\-bn-se Cu ssh-cp-[y-Øn-s‚ Im-c-W-a-t\z-jn-®m¬ \-ap-°v I-s≠-Øm-\m-hp∂-Xv, N-cn-{X-Øn¬ c-≠p tN-c-am≥ s]-cp-am-°∑m¿ C-kv-emw kzo-I-cn-®v a-°-bn¬ t]m-bn-´p≠v F-∂ h-kv-Xp-X-bm-Wv.

tN-c-am≥ s]-cp-amƒ(c-≠m-a≥) "tN-c-am≥ ]m-©≥' F-∂ t]-cp-≈ 50mw tNc-cm-Pm-hv({In.ti. 802˛818) B-Wv C-kv-emw ]pW¿-∂ c-≠m-a-sØ tN-c-am≥ s]-cp-amƒ. ]pd\m-\q-dv F-∂ kw-L-Im-e Ir-Xn-bn¬ C-t±-lØn-s‚ A-]-Zm-\-߃ h-¿-Wn-°p-∂p-≠v. "tNc-a s]-cp-am \m-b-\m¿' F-∂pw "Ip-e-ti-J-c s]cp-amƒ' F-∂pw C-t±-l-Øn-\v hn-ti-j-W-߃ ]-e-Xp-≠v. tN-c-a s]-cp-am \m-b-\m¿ tem-]n-®mWv tN-c-am≥ s]-cp-am-fm-b-Xv. "tk¿-am≥ s^¿amƒ' F-∂m-Wv A-d-_n-Iƒ A-t±-l-sØ A-`nkw-t_m-[-\ sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. Iq-^-bn-se kq-^n-h-cy-\m-b sibv-Jv A-enbm-Wv tN-c-am≥ s]-cp-am-fn-s‚ a-X-]-cn-h¿-Ø\-Øn-\v t{]-c-W sN-ep-Øn-b-Xv. A-[n-Im-cw apgp-s° km-a-¥-∑m¿-°pw B-{in-X¿-°pw ]-IpØp\¬-In a-°-bn-te-°p t]m-b A-h-km-\sØ s]-cp-am-fm-Wv tN-c-am≥ s]-cp-amƒ(c-≠ma≥). A-Xn-\p ti-jw- tIm-e-Øn-cn-am-cpw thWm-´-c-N-\pw. ]n-s∂, km-aq-Xn-cn-bpw h-fp-ht°m-\m-Xn-cn-bpw sIm-®n-cm-Pm-hpw Ip-e-ti-Jc-\p-sam-s°-bm-bn {]m-tZ-in-I-am-bm-Wv cm-Pm°-∑m¿ A-dn-b-s∏-´-Xv. tN-c-am≥ s]-cp-amƒ(c-≠m-a≥) "A-–p-d-lvam≥ km-an-cn' F-∂ t]-cn-em-Wv ]n-∂o-Sv A-dn-bs∏-´-Xv. "tk¿-am≥' tem-]n-®m-Wv "km-an-cn'bmb-Xv. H-am-\n-se "kp-^m-dn'¬ h-®m-Wv A-t±-lw a-c-W-a-S-™-Xv. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ J-_-dn-SØn¬ "A-–p-d-lv-am≥- km-an-cn' F-∂v tc-J-s∏Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.

B-cm-Wv ]-≈n-_m-W s]-cp-amƒ? {]-hm-N-I-s‚ Im-e-Øv C-kv-emw kzo-I-cn-® tN-cc - m-Pm-hm-Wv ]-≈n-_m-Ws - ∏-cp-am-sf-∂v sX‰n-≤c - n-® N-cn-{X-Im-c∑ - m-cpw C-√m-Xn-√. F-∂m¬, tUm. kn.sI. I-cow ]-d-bp-∂-Xv, ]-≈n-_m-Ws∏-cp-am-fp-sS Im-e-L-´w {]-hm-N-I Im-e-L-´Øn-\pw ap-ºm-Wv F-∂m-Wv. tI-c-tfm¬-∏Ønbpw tI-c-f am-lm-fly-hpw km-£y-s∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xv {In.ti. 216˛418 Im-e-L-´-Øn-se-t∏m-tgm

t]Pv H-∂v Xp-S¿® 

d-lv-am-t\m-Sv Im-Wn-® \-μn-tI-Sv B A-S-ßm-Ø hm-in-bpw hodpw I-cp-Øpw I-gn-hpw A-Xn-s\-√mw H-Øp-tN¿-∂ B-{I-a-Wm-fl-II-fn. I-fn-bp-sS ssh-`-hw th-sd. d-lv-am≥ C-¥y≥ ^p-Sv-t_m-fns‚ kp-h¿-W-Im-e {]-Xo-I-am-bn

N-cn-{X-]-c-am-b C-S-s]-S-ep-Iƒ tI-c-tfm¬-∏-Ønbn-epw tI-c-f-am-lm-flyØn-epw Im-Wp-∂, ]-S-a-e-\m-b¿ C-kv-emw Bt«-jn-® kw-`-hw cn-lv-e-Øp¬ ap-eq-°v F-∂ A-d-_n-{K-Ÿ-Øn-ep-ap-≠v. B- kw-`-h-hpw Xp^v-l-Øp¬ ap-Pm-ln-Zo-\nse N-{μ-s\ ]n-f¿Øn-b kw-`-h-hpw sF-Xn-ly-P-Sn-e-am-Wv F-∂p ]-d-™-v ]-cn-jv-I-c-W-hm-Zn-I-fm-b ap-kvenw Ncn-{X-Im-c-∑m¿ t]m-epw X-a-kv-I-cn-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. ]-t£, am-en-°v-_-\p Zo-\m¿ ]-WnI-gn-∏n® tI-c-f-Øn-se Nn-c-]p-cm-X-\ ]-≈n-Iƒ N-cn{X-Øn-\v km-£n-bm-bn C-∂pw \n-esIm-≈p∂p. tN-c-am≥ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn-t\m-Sv tN¿-∂p-≈ am-en-°v-_v-\p l-_o-_n-s‚ i-h-Iq-So-c-Øn¬ tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈ ln-Pv-d 21, A-d-°¬ Ben cm-P-bp-sS ln-Pv-d 35 tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-b \m-Wb-߃, sIm-bn-em-≠n-°-Sp-Ø ]m-d-]-≈n-bnse ln-Pv-d H-∂mw \q-‰m-≠v tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-b aokm≥ I-√p-Iƒ Xp-S-ßn H-t´-sd N-cn-{Xkm-£y߃ \-tS- ]-d-™ "\o-≠ \n-c-°m¿' Im-WmsX t]m-b-sX-¥p-sIm-≠m-Wv? t]m¿-®p-Ko-kv N-cn-{X-Im-∑m-cm-b _-tdm-kv, _¿-t_m-kv, _p-°m-\≥ Xp-S-ßn-b-h-cpw hneyw tem-K-s‚ a-e-_m¿ am-\z-epw sl¿-a≥ Kp≠¿-´n-s‚ tI-c-tfm¬-∏-Ønbpw tN-c-am-s‚ a°m-bm-{X-bv-°v ti-j-am-Wv sIm-√-h¿-jm-cw-`ap-≠m-b-Xv F-∂v tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. C-Xv {In.ti. 825 B-Wv. tI-k-cn _m-e-Ir-jvW-]n-≈ ]-d-bp-∂-Xm-h-s´(N-cn-{X-Øn-s‚ ASn-th-cp-Iƒ) Cu tN-c-am-s‚ Im-e-ti-j-am-Wv am-en-°v-_v-\p Zo-\m-dpw kw-L-hpw tI-c-f-Ønse-Øn-b-sX-∂m-Wv. C-Xv i-cn-b-√. Im-c-Ww am-en-°v-_v-\p Zo-\m¿ \n¿-an-® ]-≈n-I-fn-se kvam-c-Iin-e-Iƒ Im-e-K-W-\-bv-°p km-£yw \n¬-°p-∂p. tN-c-am≥ s]-cp-am-fp-sS A-td-_y≥ bm-{XIƒ hm-kv-X-h-Øn¬ tI-c-f Ncn-{X-Øn-s‚ Xs∂ bp-K-]-I¿-®-bv-°v Im-c-W-am-hp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. "tI-c-f-Øn-s‚ N-cn-{Xw X-s∂ H-cp \n-e-bv°v tI-c-f-Øn-se ap-kv-enw-I-fp-sS N-cn-{X-am-Wv' F-∂ kn.sI. I-co-an-s‚ hm-°p-Iƒ-°v {]-k‡n-tb-dp-∂-Xv C-hn-sS-bm-Wv. tI-c-f N-cn-{X-Ønse F-√m Z-i-m-k-‘n-I-fn-epw ap-kv-enw {]-`m-hw {]-I-S-am-Wv. Cu {]-`m-h-sØ X-a-kv-Icn-°m-\p≈, C-fw-Ip-fw Ip-™≥-]n-≈-bp-sS-bpw {io-[c≥ \m-b-cp-sS-bpw Fw.Pn.F-kv. \m-cm-b-W-s‚bp-sam-s° ]n-∂n-ep-≈ \o-≠-\n-c-I-fp-sS Zp-„em-°n-s\Xn-tc ]n.F. sk-bv-Xp-ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚bpw kn.sI. I-co-an-s‚-bpw N-cn-{X-]-c-am-b C-Ss]-S-ep-Iƒ, N-cn-{X-Øn-se-s∂-∂pw Pm-Pz-ey-am„ \-am-b tim-` ]-c-Øn\n¬-°p-∂p.

¢-∫m-b Im-en-I-‰v ap-kv-enw-kn-s‚ ÿm-]-I-\m-bn Xp-S-ßn-b ^p-Svt_mƒ I-ºw a-c-Ww h-sc-bpw XpS¿-∂p. tIm-gn-t°m-s´ s\-lv-dp I∏n¬ A-t±-lw C-¥y≥ So-an-s‚ amt\-P¿ ÿm-\w h-sc-sb-Øn. tImgn-t°m-Sv Pn-√m ^p-Sv-t_mƒ A-tkmkn-tb-j-s‚ {]-h¿-Ø-\-hp-am-bn \o-ßp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p B [-\y Po-hnXw. tIm-gn-t°m-s´ tIm¿-]-td-j-≥ tÃ-Un-b-Øn-\v H-fnw-]y≥ d-lv-ams‚ t]-cn-Sm-\p-≈ \-μn-t]m-epw Cu \-K-cw Im-Wn-®n-√. ]-I-cw H-cp cm-jv{So-b t\-Xm-hn-s‚ t]-cm-Wv \¬-Inb-Xv ˛ C.-sI. \m-b-\m¿. \-Ωp-sS I£n-cm-jv-{So-b-Øn-s‚ \o-Xn-bn-√mbv-a-bv-°v a-s‰-¥v D-Zm-l-c-Ww th-Ww. F-∂m-¬, tI-c-f-Øn-se

\mKv-Pn I-¸v Xn-cn-¨p-hcptam? ]n.-F. ap-l-Ω-Zv tIm-b F-∂ apjv-Xm-Jv, hn.-Fw. _m-e-N-{μ≥ F∂ hnw-kn, ]-t∏-´-s\-∂p hn-fn-°mdp-≈ bp.-F≥.-sF. ]-Xv-a-\m-`≥ \m-b¿, tI-{μ-a-{¥n-bm-bn-cp-∂ C. A-l-Ω-Zv (ap-_m-d-Iv F-∂ t]-cn¬) A-_p A-∂v A-_p \m-c-ßm-]pd-am-bn, F-kv.-Fw. ap-l-Ω-Zv tIm-b "kw-l-Zv'B-bn, F. t]mƒ C-ßs\ F-{X-sb-{X-tbm t]¿ kz-¥w Xq-en-I sIm-≠v "Im¬-∏-¥p I-fnsb' t{]m¬-km-ln-∏n-®p. {]-kv Kme-dn-bn-se {]-K-ev-`≥-am-tcm-Sv ssIho-in Im-Wn-®m-bn-cp-∂p Hm-tcmtcm So-ap-I-fpw I-f-Øn-en-d-ßn-bncp-∂-Xv. ao-i ]n-cn-®v Km-e-dn-bn¬ Ifn-°m¿-°v B-th-i-am-bn B¿-∏pw hn-fn-bp-am-bn Hm-t´m N-{μ≥. ]n-s∂ sIm-´pw-hn-fn-bpw. \m-Kv-Pn H-cmtLm-j-am-bn-cp-∂p.

B-Wv ]-≈n-_m-Ws - ‚ Im-eL - ´- w F-∂m-Wv. "_p-≤-a-Xw ]-≈n-_m-W-s∏-cp-am-fp-sS Im-eØm-Wv h-f¿-∂-Xpw \m-am-h-ti-j-am-b-Xpw. tIc-f-Øn-\p ]p-d-Øp\n-∂p {_m-“-W¿ sIm≠ph-∂p Ip-Sn-bn-cp-Øn-b cm-Pm-hm-Wv ]-≈n_m-W≥. tIm-hn-e-I-Øn-cn-°p-tºmƒ _p-≤-aX k∂ym-kn-I-fp-am-bn A-t±-lw kw-h-Zn-°mdp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. A-t±-l-Øn-\v _p-≤-a-X-tØmSv {]-Xn-]-Øn tXm-∂n. _p-≤-a-Xw ]p¬-In-b _m-W≥, {_m-“-Wsc X-s‚ a-X-Øn-te-°v kzm-K-Xw sN-øp-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. C-Xn¬ £p-`nX-cm-b {_m-“-W¿ tIm-hn-e-I-Øn-\p ]p-d-Øv am-dn Xm-a-kn-®p. ]-≈n-_m-W-s\ \n-jv-Im-knX-\m-°m-\p-≈ Kq-Vm-tem-N-\ Xp-S-ßn. ]-c-tZin {_m-“-W-sc sIm-≠p-h-∂v ]-≈n-_m-W-\pam-bn hm-Z-{]-Xn-hm-Zw \-S-Øn A-t±-l-sØ tXm¬-∏n-®p. tXm-‰-h-\v in-£-bm-bn "\m-°-dpØv \m-Sp-I-S-Øn'(ln-kv-‰-dn Hm-^v C-¥y/hn¬k≥). sh-º-\m-Sv {]-tZ-i-sØ P-\-hm-k-an-√mØ H-cp Zzo-]n-te-°m-Wv ]-≈n-_m-W-s\ \m-SpI-S-Øn-b-Xv. ]n¬-°m-e-Øo Xp-cp-Øv "_m-WØp-cp-Øv' F-∂-dn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂p.

^p-Sv-t_mƒ t{]-an-I-fp-sS ap-gp-h≥ a-\- n¬ H-fnw-]y≥ d-lv-am-\p-≠v. tIm-gn-t°m-Sn-s‚ A-`n-am-\-ambn am-dn-b tkTv \m-Kv-Pn Sq¿-Wsa‚ v \n-e-®-Xn¬ a-‰m-tc-°m-fpw C∂v hy-k-\n-°p-∂-Xv \m-Kv-Pn Ip-Spw_-am-Wv. I-º-\n-bp-sS C-t∏m-gsØ U-b-d-Œ¿ k-μo-]v ta-Ø, Sq¿W-sa‚ v C-\n F-s∂-¶n-epw h-cptam F-∂ B-i-¶-bn-epw.- \-K-c-k-`bp-sS Pq-_n-en-bm-tLm-j-Øn-\n-Sbn¬ Sq¿-W-sa‚ v ho-≠pw B-cw-`n°m-\p-≈ {i-a-hpw ]m-gm-bn. a-\ p-sIm-≠v C-t∏m-gpw \m-Kv-Pn Sq¿W-sa‚n-s\ {]-W-bn-°p-∂-h¿-°mbn AXv ]p-\-cp-÷o-hn-∏n-°m≥ C„ \n B-cp-≠m-hpw?

H-fnw-]y≥ d-lv-am≥ \n-e-sIm-≈p-∂p-˛ {]-i-kv-X I-fnsb-gp-Øp-Im-c-\m-bn-cp-∂ hnw-kn C-ß-s\ hn-ti-jn-∏n-® H-fnw-]y≥ dlv-am-s‚ Hm¿-a-Iƒ C-∂pw ^p-Svt_mƒ tem-I-Øv C-c-ºn-s°m-t≠bn-cn-°p-∂p. d-lv-am-s‚ kp-μ-c-am-b I-fn-sb-°p-dn-®v a-‰p ]-e-cpw F-gpXn. ]n-∂o-Sv I-fn-°-f-Øn-se I-fn°m-c-s‚ tdm-fn¬-\n-∂p ]-cn-io-eI-s‚ th-j-Øn-te-°p am-dn. 1973¬ tI-c-fw \-Sm-sS k-t¥m-jv t{Sm-^n t\-Sn-b-t∏mƒ B So-an-se F-´p-t]cpw d-lv-am-s‚ ]-cn-io-e-\-Øn¬ hf¿-∂ {]-Xn-`-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. d-lv-am-s‚ k-tlm-Z-c≥ Sn. A_q-_° - ¿ F-∂ A-_q-° C-√m-Ø H-cp Sq¿-Ws - a‚pw tIm-gn-t°m-´p-≠mbn-cp-∂n-√. ]-g-b-Im-e ^p-Sv-t_mƒ

aJ≥ kn-Mpw t{]w-\m-Yv ^n-en∏pw tk-Xp-hpw tIm-gn-t°m-S≥ Km-e-dn-bp-sS B-th-i-am-bn-cp∂p

I

-fn-I-fpw ]-¥-b-ß-fpw F-√m kwkv-Im-c-ß-fp-sS-bpw A-hn-`m-PyL-S-I-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂n-´p-≠v. Im-bnI-am-b N-Sp-e-X-bv-°pw am-\-kn-tIm-√mk-Øn-\pw hn-t\m-Z-{]-h¿-Ø-\-ß-fp-sSbpw Im-bn-I-a¬-k-c-ß-fp-sS-bpw {]m[m-\yw ]-d-™-dn-bn-t°-≠-Xn-√. kz-`mh-\n¿-an-Xn-bn-epw kz-Xz-cq-]o-I-c-W-Ønepw A-h¿-°p h-ºn-® ]-¶p-≠v. {In-kv-Xp-hn-\v ap-ºv {Ko-kn¬ \n-e\n-∂n-cp-∂ Im-bn-I-ta-f-bm-bn-cp-∂p Hfnw-]n-Iv-kv. 1896¬ B-[p-\n-I-h¬-°cn-°-s∏-´ H-fnw-]n-Iv-kn-\p a-l-Øm-b \n-c-h-[n e-£y-ß-fp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. cmPy-߃ X-Ωn¬ \n-e-\n-∂n-cp-∂ hn-`P-\-Øn-s‚ a-Xn-ep-Iƒ X-I¿-°p-I, bp-≤-km-[y-X-Iƒ Zq-co-I-cn-°p-I, cmPy-߃ X-Ωn-ep-≈ _-‘-߃-°pw [m-c-W-Iƒ-°pw \n-Zm-\-am-hp-I F-∂nh A-h-bn¬ Nn-e-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. F-∂m¬, {]-Xo-£n-®-Xp-t]m-se Xp-S¿-∂pt]m-hm≥ h-f-sc-°m-ew H-fnw-]n-Iv-kn\m-bn-√. Nn-e cm-Py-ß-fp-sS ta¬t°m-bv-a ÿm-]n-°m-\pw Aw-Ko-I-cn∏n-s®-Sp-°m-\p-ap-≈ cm-{„o-b-N-´p-Iam-bn B ta-f ]-cn-W-an-®p. km-{am-PyXz-Øn-s‚ A-S-hp-Iƒ aq-Sn-h-bv-°m≥ H-fnw-]n-Iv-kn-s‚ ]-Xm-I Zp-cp-]-tbmKw sN-ø-s∏-´p. ]-g-b tdm-an¬ kv-t]m¿-Sv-kv F-∂ t]-cn¬ sIm-tfm-kn-b-ß-fn¬ knw-lß-sf X-Ωn¬ t]m-c-Sn-∏n-°p-∂ H-tc¿∏m-Sp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. A-Sn-a-I-sf X-Ωn¬ t]m-c-Sn-∏n-®v A-Xp-I-≠v c-kn-°p-∂-Xns\ "kv-t]m¿-Sv-kv-am≥ kv-]n-cn-‰v' F-∂p hn-[n-sb-gp-Xn-bn-cp-∂p. C-Ø-cw "hn-t\mZ {]-h¿-Ø-\-ß-fn¬' hy-h-l-cn-∏n-®v ]u-c-P-\-ß-fp-sS hn-Nm-c-hn-Im-c-߃ \n-b-{¥n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p k-{am-´p-I-fpsS X-{¥w. ^p-Sv-t_mƒ km-[m-c-W-°m-c-s‚ Ifn-bm-Wv. A-\-¥-am-b k-a-b-tam A-anX-am-b ]-W-tam B-h-iy-an-√m-Ø ]m-hs∏-´-h-\n-W-ßp-∂ I-fn. tem-I-^p-Svt_mƒ ]-e \-√ Im-cy-ß-fpw ]Tn-∏n-®p. A¬-Po-cn-b≥ hw-i-P-\m-b kn-Zm≥ {^©v So-an-\m-bn A-Wn-\n-c-∂pw S¿-°n hwi-P¿ P¿-a-\n-bp-sS P-gv-kn-b-Wn-™pw cm-Pym-Xn¿-Øn-Iƒ-°-∏p-d-ap-≈ am-\-h_-‘-Øn-s‚ {]-Xo-I-am-bn ^p-Sv-t_mƒ D-b¿-∂-Xv A-Xn-s‚ \-∑-I-fn¬ G-‰hpw ]p-Xn-b-h-bm-Wv.

]-t£, tIm¿-]-td-‰p-I-fp-sS I-S-∂pI-b-‰w h-gn ^p-Sv-t_m-fn-s‚ \-√ e-£W-߃ \-„-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wv. tem-I IpØ-I-ÿm-]-\-ß-fp-sS D¬-∏-∂-ß-fpsS {]-Z¿-i-\-Øn-\pw hn¬-∏-\-bv-°p-ap≈ th-Zn-bm-hp-tºmƒ tem-I ^p-Sv-t_mfn-s‚ ssN-X-\y-hpw B-flm-hp-am-Wv A]-l-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. H-cp ]T-\w C-ß-s\ ]-d-bp-∂p: bp≤w aq-ew hn-Zym-`ym-kw sN-øm≥ I-gnbm-Ø \n¿-`m-Ky-hm-∑m¿ tem-I-Øv \n-ch-[n t]-cp-≠v. A-\m-Y-im-e-I-fn-tem A-`-bm¿-Yn Iymw-]p-I-fn-tem \n-c-£-ccm-bn I-gn-™p-Iq-Sp-I-bm-hpw A-h-cp-sS hn-[n. C-\n-bpw h-en-sbm-cp hn-`m-Kw Ip´n-I-sf hn-Zym-`ym-k-Øn¬-\n-∂pw hn-e°p-∂-Xv ]-´n-Wn-bpw Zm-cn-{Zy-hp-am-Wv. Cu c-≠p hn-`m-Kw Ip-´n-I-fpw X-ß-fp-tSX-√m-Ø Im-c-W-Øm¬ hn-Zym-`ym-kw \n-tj-[n-°-s∏-´-h-cm-Wv. F-∂m¬, aq∂m-a-sXm-cp hn-`m-K-ap-≠v. hn-Zym-`ym-kØn-epw km-aq-ln-I-{]-h¿-Ø-\-ß-fnepw Xm¬-∏-cy-°p-d-hpw A-{i-≤-bpw h®p-]p-e¿-Øp-∂ C-fw-{]m-b-°m-cm-Wh¿. A-Xn-i-b-I-c-sa-∂p ]-d-bmw A-hsc C-Ø-cw \n-jv-{In-bm-h-ÿ-bn¬ X≈n-hn-Sp-∂-Xv hym-]-I-am-bn-s°m-≠n-cn°p-∂ hn-t\m-Z-]-cn-]m-Sn-I-fpw Im-bn-Ia¬-k-c-ß-fp-am-Wv. Cu tem-I-I-∏v a¬-k-c-Øn-s‚ ]›m-X-e-Øn¬ \m-sam-∂p Nn-¥n-®p t\m-°p-I. Iu-am-c-{]m-b-°m-cpw bp-hm°-fpw B¿-P-h-Øn-s‚-bpw I-cp-Øn-s‚bpw e-£-W-am-bn sIm-≠p-\-S-°p-∂-Xv ^p-Sv-t_mƒ-t{]-a-am-Wv. D-≈p-s]m-≈bm-b, ]-≈ ap-dp-°n-s°-´n ^v-f-Iv-kn-s‚ sN-e-hn-te-°p I-Sw hm-ßn-tbm ]-≠w ]-W-bw-h-t®m A-™q-dpw B-bn-c-hpw sIm-Sp-°p-∂ A-h¿ G-tXm D-∑m-Zm-hÿ-bn¬ I-gn-™p-Iq-Sp-I-bm-Wv. a-Xhpw cm-{„o-b-hpw km-ln-Xy-hpw [m¿-anI-X-bpw ]Tn-∏pw hm-b-\-bp-sam-s° {][m-\-s∏-´ kw-K-Xn-I-fm-bn Ku-\n-°mØ H-c-h-ÿ-bn-em-W-h¿. tXm-a-kv ap≈-dn-\pw _-tems‰-√n-°pw km-hn-°pw s\-bv-a-dn-\pw th-≠n I-e-ln-®pw sImºp-tIm¿-Øpw A-s√-¶n¬ ku-lr-ZØn-s‚ h-e-b-߃ Xo¿-Øpw I-fn-sb a-X-am-bn sIm-≠p-\-S-°p-I-bm-W-h¿. Xn-cp-Øp-∂-h-s‚ H-cp {Sm-°v h-c-bv-°m≥ k-a-b-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ]q-®-bv-°v B„ cm-Wv a-Wn-sI-´p-I?

Xmsg B-Im-iw... ta-se `q-an...

C. kp-tcjv


2014 Pq¨ 22 Rm-b-¿

3

""HcpXcw `oXn a\ n-s\ Iogvs∏SpØn°gn™ncp∂p. ]n-d-In¬ B-tcm D-s≠-∂ Hcp tXm∂¬...'' ˛ ho≠pw H-cp A-Sn-b-¥cmh-ÿm Zn-\w IqSn I-S-∂p-h-cp-tºmƒ B Zp-c-¥-Zn-\-ß-fpsS Hm¿-a-I-fn-eqsS

{]ikv-X Im¿-´q-Wn-Ãv A-_q F-{_-lm-an-s‚ ASn-b-¥-cmh-ÿ ImesØ Im¿-´q-WpIƒ

F.F-kv. ap-lΩ - Z- v Ip-™n

C

-¥y≥ kzm-X-{¥y-Øn-s‚ tem-Uv-sj-UnMv F-∂m-Wv "A-Sn-b-¥-cm-h-ÿ'sb "Ime-Øn-s‚ B I-dp-Ø C-S-\m-gn'sb F-\n°v hn-ti-jn-∏n-°m≥ tXm-∂p-∂-Xv. 1975 Pq-¨ am-kw 26mw Xn-ø-Xn-bm-W-Xv kw-`-hn-®-Xv. Im-k¿tIm-Uv K-h. tIm-f-Pn-s‚ \o-≠ tIm-dn-tUm-dn-eqsS H-‰-bv-°p \-S-∂p-t]m-Ip-tºmƒ, H-cp-®-t\-cØv tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ F-∂ k-l-]mTn-bmsW-∂v Hm¿-°p-∂p F-s∂-bp-W¿-Øn-®-Xv. A-dn-™-tXm-sS H-cp iv-a-im-\-aq-I-X A-hnsS ]-c-∂p-thm!. A¬-∏-\n-an-j-߃-°p ti-jw H-cp A-\u¨-kv-sa‚ v i-_v-Zw Im-Xn¬ h-∂-e®p. ap≥-h-i-sØ tdm-Un-eq-sS ssa-°v sI-´n ]Xp-s° \o-ßp-s∂m-cp \o-e Po-∏n¬ \n-∂m-bn-cp∂p A-Xv. I¿-i-\-am-bpw ]m-en-°-s∏-tS-≠ H-cp ]n-Sn \n-b-a-߃. tIm-f-Pn-epw k-a-c-߃ \n-tcm[n-®-Xv A-°q-´-Øn-ep-≠v. ]-e-cpw A-hn-S-hn-sS Iq-Sn-\n-∂p kw-km-cn-°p-∂p. hn-Zym¿-Yn-cm-jv-{Sob-kw-L-S-\m-t\-Xm-°-fm-Wv G-sd-bpw. A-Sn-b¥-cm-h-ÿ F-∂ ]-Zw B-Zy-am-bm-Wp tIƒ-°p∂-Xv. Rm≥ Cw-•o-jv Un-]m¿-´v-sa‚n-\v ap-∂n-seØn-b-t∏mƒ, Ir-jv-W≥-Ip-´n am-jv, A-t±-l-Øns‚ ko-‰n¬ sh-dp-sX-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv I-≠p. A-IØp-I-b-dn A-t±-l-tØm-Sv hn-i-Zo-I-c-Ww tX-Sn. {i-≤n-°¬ \-√-Xm-sW-∂v kv-t\-l-]q¿-hw At±-lw F-s∂ D-]-tZ-in-®p. s]m-Xp-tbm-K-߃ \n-tcm-[n-®n-´p-≠v. Bƒ°m¿ Iq-Sn-\n¬-°p-∂-Xpw. ]-{X-kzm-X-{¥y-Øn\pw ho-Wn-´p-≠v Iq-®p-hn-e-ßv. cm-{Xn \-K -c-Øn¬ ]-{X-°m¿ hm-b aq-Sn-s°-´n {]-I-S-\w \-S-Øn-sb-∂m-Wv tI-´-Xv. ]n-t‰-∂v cm-hn-se

hm b \

tIm-f-Pn-se-Øn-b-t∏m-gpw ÿn-Xn im-¥w. ]t£, H-cp "iv-a-im-\-aq-I-X' F-∂p \mw hn-h-£n°m-dn-t√ A-ß-s\-sb-t¥m H-∂v km-ln-Xy-`mj-bn¬ ]-d-™m¬ "X-fw-sI-´n-\n¬-∏p-≠v.' hcm-¥-bn-eq-sS \-S-°m≥ `-bw tXm-∂p-∂ t]mse. B i-\n-Z-i H-cp h¿-j-Øn-e-[n-Iw \o-≠p\n-∂p. tIm-f-Pv Imw-]-kn¬-\n-∂v ]-e-sc-bpw bm-sXm-cp {]-tIm-]-\-hp-an-√m-sX s]m-°n-s°m≠v t]m-hp-∂-Xn-\v Zr-Iv-km-£n-bm-th-≠n h∂p. A-sXm-s° F-¥n-\m-Wv, B-cm-Wv sN-øp∂-sX-∂v F-\n-s°m-cn-°-epw hy-‡-am-bn a-\ n-em-bn-cp-∂n-√. kn-hn¬ {U- n-em-bn-cp-∂p Ah¿. t]m-en-km-sW-∂m-Wv ]n-∂o-Sv ]-d-™p-tI´-Xv. F-hn-Sp-∂m-Wv ]n-Sn-®-Xv. i-cn-°pw s]m-°ns°m-≠m-tWm t]m-b-Xv? F-s∂m-s° B Zn-hk-ß-fn¬ ]p-c-bn-se-Øn-b F-t∂m-Sv A-b¬°m-cpw a-‰pw Iq-Sn-bn-cp-∂v tNm-Zn-®-t∏mƒ `-bw F-s∂ izm-kw-ap-´n-°p-∂ A-\p-`-h-am-Wv D-≠mb-Xv. Rm-\-Xv, i-cn-°pw F-s‚ i-_v-Zw ]q¿-Wam-bpw ]p-d-Øp-h-cm-Ø co-Xn-bn-em-Wv A-h¿°v hn-h-cn-®p sIm-Sp-Øn-cp-∂-Xv. H-cp-X-cw `o-Xn a-\- n-s\ Io-gv-s∏-Sp-Øn-°-gn-™n-cp-∂p. B `bw Ip-td-°m-ew F-s∂ i-cn-°pw A-e-´n-bn-cp∂p. A-°m-e-Øv ]n-d-In¬ B-tcm h-cp-∂p-s≠∂ `o-Xn-X-am-b H-cp tXm-∂-em-bn-cp-∂p. k-l-]mTn-I-fn¬ c-≠p t]¿-˛ A-h-c-hn-sS a-cØn-\-Sn-bn¬-\n-∂v kw-km-cn-°-sh, ]p-d-Øv Po∏v h-∂n-c-®p \n¬-°p-I-bpw A-Xn¬-\n-∂n-d-ßn h-∂v H-cmƒ G-am≥ hn-fn-°p-∂p F-∂p ]-d-™v Iq-´n-s°m-≠p t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. F-s‚ ¢mkn¬ ]Tn-°p-∂ A-h-sc H-cp _p-[-\m-gv-N apX¬ Im-Wm-Xm-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. \n-ß-fn-em-tcm H-‰n-s°m-Sp-Øp A-t√ F-∂v A-h-cp-sS hn-Zym¿Yn cm-jv-{So-b kw-L-S-\-bn¬-s∏-´ H-cmƒ ¢mkn-te-°p t]m-hp-∂ F-s∂ X-S-™p-\n¿-Øn

]n. ^¿-km-\ -°n-\p ao-sX h-bv-°m≥-]-‰n-b hm-°p tX-Sns°m-≠p \-S-∂-h-cp-sS \o-≠ \n-g-ep-Iƒ Im-e-Øn-s‚ A-I-e-ß-fn-se hn-f-°p-Im-epIƒ-°p Io-sg \-ap-s°-t∏m-gpw Im-Wm-\m-hpw. Aß-s\ hm-°pw N-cn-{X-hpw hn-kv-a-b-ß-fpw tX-Sn-bp≈ H-cp bm-{X-bm-Wv Fw.]n. ho-tc-{μ-Ip-am-dn-s‚ Um\yq-_v km-£n.

hm

]n¶n Btcm H-cmÄ tNm-Zn-®-tXm-sS `-bw C-c-´n-®p. F-s∂ kw-_‘n-®n-S-tØm-fw a-dp-]-Sn A¿-ln-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cp∂n-√ B I-a≥Uv. A-t∏m-sgm-s° ]n-co-Up-I-ƒ tXm-dpw A-[ym-]-I¿ h-∂v ¢m-kp-I-sf-Sp-Øv t]m-hp-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. A-h-cm-cpw C-Xn-s\-°pdn-®v H-c-£-cw D-cn-bm-Sp-∂n-s√-∂-Xm-Wv F-s∂ A-Zv-`p-X-s∏-Sp-Øn-b a-s‰m-∂v. ¢m-kn¬ lm-P-cn√m-Ø hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ F-hn-sS-t∏m-sb-∂v tNmZn-°-Ww. A-s√-¶n¬ \n-ß-sfm-s° C-ß-s\bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv F-s¥-∂v tNm-Zn-°-Ww. H-∂p-an√. H-∂pw. hn-Zym¿-Yn-cm-jv-{So-b kw-L-S-\m-t\Xm-hm-b Im-c-W-Øm-em-h-Ww, hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-fpw a-‰p-≈-h-cpw ]-e-X-cw a¿-±-\-߃-°v hn-t[-b-amhp-∂-Xn-\pw km-£n-bm-th-≠n-h-∂p.

hm-°p-I-tfm-Sv G-sd km-ay-ap-≠v. I-e-bp-sS Hu-∂Xy-Øn-\pw Iq-´-s°m-e-bp-sS {Iq-c-Xm-fi-h-߃°pw km-£yw h-ln-®p Um-\yq-_v. hn-izm-k-hpw Ahn-izm-k-hpw \-∑-bpw Xn-∑-bpw k-Xy-hpw A-k-Xyhpw hn-e-bw {]m-]n-® Um-\yq-_v. A-Xn-s‚ Hm-f-߃ tem-I-tØm-Sp ]-d-bm≥ _m-°n h-® I-Y-Iƒ ]-d-bpI-bm-Wv {K-Ÿ-Im-c≥. hn-am-\-Øn¬ t]m-Im-am-bn-cp-∂n-´pw bm-{Xm-\p-`h-߃-°m-bn tdm-Uv bm-{X Xn-c-s™-Sp-°p-I-bm-bncp-∂p A-t±-lw. tem-I-kw-kv-Ir-Xn-°p \n-kv-Xp-e-

N-cn-{X-¯n-se \n-g-ep-IÄ bq-tdm-∏n-s‚ Po-h-\m-Un-bm-b Um-\yq-_n-s\ A[n-I-cn-®v tem-I-km-ln-Xy-Øn¬ \n-c-h-[n Ir-Xn-Iƒ c-Nn-°s - ∏-´n-´p-≠v. Nmƒ-kv Un-°≥-kn-s‚ F sS-bn¬ Hm-^v Sp kn-‰o-kv B-cw-`n-°p-∂X - v C-ßs - \-bm-Wv. ""AtX-‰h - pw \-√ Im-ea - m-bn-cp-∂p; A-tX-‰h - pw sI-´ Im-ehp-am-bn-cp-∂p. A-Xv {]-Xn-`b - p-sS bp-Ka - m-bn-cp-∂p; AXv a-≠-Ø-c-Øn-s‚ bp-K-am-bn-cp-∂p. A-Xv hn-izm-kØn-s‚ Im-e-L-´-am-bn-cp-∂p; A-Xv A-hn-izm-k-Øns‚ Im-e-L-´-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p. A-Xv {]-Im-i-Øn-s‚ EXp-hm-bn-cp-∂p; A-Xv C-cp-fn-s‚ E-Xp-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p. AXv {]-Xo-£b - p-sS h-k¥ - I - m-ea - m-bn-cp-∂p; A-Xv \n-cmi-bp-sS ssi-Xy-Im-eh - p-am-bn-cp-∂p. \-ap-°p ap-∂n¬ F-√m-sa-√m-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. \-ap-°p ap-∂n¬ bm-sXm∂p-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√.'' bq-tdm-]y≥ bq-\n-b-\n-se Hmkv{- Sn-b, dp-am-\n-b, _ƒ-tK-dn-b, t…m-hm-Iy, lw-Kd - n, D-s{I-bv≥, s{Im-tb-jy, P¿-a-\n, sk¿-_n-b, sIm¿tZm-h Xp-Sß - n ]-Øp cm-{„-ßf - n-eq-sS ]-cs - ∂m-gp-Ip∂ Um-\yq-_n-s‚ A-\p-`-h-߃-°v Un-°≥-kn-s‚

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv tÃ-j-\n¬ A-∂v Nm¿-Pp-≠mbn-cp-∂ F-kv.sF-°v hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-sf-t∂m Ip-´nI-sf-t∂m ap-Xn¿-∂-h-sc-t∂m D-≈ hy-Xym-ksam-∂pw D-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. tÃ-j-\n¬ H-cn-°¬ I-b-dn-bn-d-ßn-b-h-\v A-bm-fp-sS ssI-Ø-cn-∏ns‚ i-‡n A-dn-™n-cn-°pw. H-cmƒ A-bm-fp-sS Po-hn-X-Im-ew ap-gp-h≥ Hm¿-Øn-cn-°p-∂ h-√ ap-dnthm £-X-tam G¬-∏n-t® A-h¿ A-h-sc ]p-dØp-hn-´n-cp-∂p-≈q. Np-‰pw Im-Wp-∂ Cu A-]-cnNn-X Zr-iy-ß-sf-√mw F-∂n¬ Nn-e am-‰-߃ hcp-Øn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂n-cn-°-Ww. D-d-°-an-√m-Ø cm{Xn-Iƒ. `o-Xn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂ Nn-¥-Iƒ. D-d-°w kpXm-cy-am-sb-¶n-epw I-Æn¬ h-∂v X-´n-bm¬ t]-Sns∏-Sp-Øp-∂ In-\m-hp-Iƒ. am-\-kn-I-am-bn Rm≥ ]n-cn-ap-dp-°w A-\p-`-h-s∏-´v Xp-S-ßp-I-bm-tWm F-s∂-\n-°v kw-i-bw D-≠m-bn-Øp-S-ßn-bn-cp∂p. D-d-°wh-cm-Ø B cm-{Xn-I-fn¬ F-s¥m-s°tbm A-kz-ÿ Nn-¥-Iƒ F-s∂ A-e-´n. F-gp-t∂-‰n-cp-∂v H-cp d-^v t\m-´n¬ F-gp-XnØp-S-ßn. ]-e cm-{Xn-I-fn-em-bn A-£-c-ß-fn¬ h-c-®n-´ «-Y- Nn-{X-ß-ƒ. hm-bn-®-t∏mƒ A-sXmcp I-Y-bm-hm≥ km-[y-X-bp-s≠-∂v tXm-∂n-ØpS-ßn. ]n-∂o-Sv B h-gn-°m-bn Nn-¥-Iƒ. A-Xn\p-ap-ºv H-∂p-c-≠v sIm-®p I-Y-I-sf-gp-Xn N-{μnI, am-Xr-`q-an _m-e-]w-‡n-Iƒ-°v A-b-®p-sImSp-Ø-Xv A-®-Sn-®p h-∂n-cp-∂p. F-s‚ A-°m-esØ A-\p-`-h-߃ X-´n-°q-´n Rm-s\m-cp I-Ymcq-]-Øn-em-°n kq-£n-®p. A-Sn-b-¥-cm-h-ÿ-bv-s°m-∏w D-]-tbm-Kn-® H-cp ¢o-sj B-bn-Øo¿-∂ ]-Zw, "I-cm-f-l-kv-X߃' D-]-tbm-Kn-®p X-s∂ ]-d-b-s´-˛ B I-cmf-l-kv-X-ß-fn¬-\n-∂v cm-Pyw ]-Xp-s° tam-NnX-bm-bn. F-ßpw Xo-cw Im-Wm-Xn-cp-∂, P-e -bm-\-]m-{X bm-{Xn-I-sc-t∏m-se, t\m-°n Ip-g™ I-Æp-I-fn¬ {]-`m-X-Øn-s‚ Xn-W¿-∏v

kw-`m-h-\-I-f¿-∏n-® en-b-\m¿-tZm Um-hn-©n, A-£c-ß-sf kv-t\-ln-® t]m-∏v \n-t°m-fm-kv, {]-i-kv-X Nn-{X-Im-c≥-am-cm-b Kz-tbm-t‰m, s_-√n-\n, ssa-°-em©-tem, I-em-N-cn-{X-Im-c-\m-b tPm¿-Pn-tbm, tdm-amkm-{am-Py-Øn-s‚ X-I¿-®-bv-°p Im-c-W-°m-c-\m-b \o-tdm N-{I-h¿-Øn, tdm-an-s\ kv-t\-ln-® tj-Iv-kv]n-b¿, Cw-•o-jv I-hn tPm¨ Io-‰v-kv Xp-S-ßn C-Xnlm-k-߃ kr-„n-®-h-sc-sbm-s° ]-cm-a¿-in-®p t]mIp-∂ {K-Ÿ-Im-c≥ kv-t]m¿-Sv-kn-s‚ am-kv-a-cn-I {]-]©-Øn-te-°pw \-sΩ Iq-´n-s°m-≠p-t]m-hp-∂p-≠v. K-eo-en-tbm-hn-s\-bpw hn-iz-kp-μ-cn sam-Wm-enk-sb-bpw ^v-tfm-d≥-kn-s‚ kmw-kv-Im-cn-I-˛-cm-{„ob-˛-km-º-Øn-I hn-I-k-\-Øn-\p a-[y-Im-e-L-´w apX¬ hn-e-s∏-´ kw-`m-h-\ \¬-In-b ta-Un-®n {]-`pIp-Spw-_-sØ-bpw a-K-[-bn-se Iu-Sn-ey-s\-bpw sPm-hm-\n s_m-°m-t®m-hn-s\-bpw sh-\o-kn-se hnJym-X-k-©m-cn am¿-t°m-t]m-tfm-sb-bpw A-t±-lw

Hm¿-sØ-Sp-°p-∂p. ]u-tcm-l-Xy-Øn¬ ]-cn-io-e-\w t\-Sn-bn-´pw ]n-∂o-Sv tem-I-a-dn-b-s∏-´ c-Xn-bp-sS D-]mk-I-\m-bn am-dn-b Im-k-t\m-h, s\m-t_¬-k-Ωm\w e-`n-® t{_m-Uv-kv-In Xp-S-ßn H-cp ]m-Sp t]¿ Cu ]p-kv-X-I-Øn-eq-sS I-b-dn-bn-d-ßn-t∏m-hp-∂p-≠v. H-cp bm-{X-bp-sS `u-Xn-I-h-iw h¿-Ø-am-\-Im-eØn¬ am-{Xw H-Xp-ßn-\n¬-°p-tºmƒ, N-cn-{X-t_m[-ap-≈ bm-{Xn-I-s‚ a-\- v Im-e-˛-tZ-i kw-_-‘nbm-b F-√m A-Xn¿-h-c-ºp-I-sf-bpw D-√w-Ln-°p-∂p. ssh-hn-[y-am¿-∂ bm-{Xm-\p-`-h-߃ ]-I¿-∂p-\¬In-b \-hym-\p-`q-Xn-I-sf-bpw Nn-¥-I-sf-bpw \n-co-£W-ß-sf-bp-sam-s° Um-\yq-_v km-£n-bn-eq-sS hmb-\-°m-cn-te-°v kw-{I-an-∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv ho-tc-{μ-Ipam¿. sam-Wm-en-k-bp-sS Nn-{X-Øn-\p ap-∂n¬ `m-cytbm-sSm-∏w \n¬-°p-tºmƒ A-Sn-b-¥-cm-h-ÿ-°me-sØ I-Æq¿ P-bn¬ ]o-U-\-Im-e-tØ-°p-dn-®m-Wv A-t±-lw Hm¿-°p-∂-Xv. Um-\yq-_n-s‚ Xo-c-Øp-\n∂pw Fw.]n. Izm¿-t´-gv-kn-te-°pw h-b-\m-´n-se Xs‚ Ip-´n-°m-e-tØ-°pw tI-c-f-Øn-se hn-hn-[ {]-tZi-ß-fn-te-°p-sam-s° ho-tc-{μ-Ip-am-dn-s‚ Hm¿-aIƒ k-©-cn-°pw. am-\-h-kw-kv-Ir-Xn-°pw tem-I-\-thm-∞m-\-Øn\pw hn-ea - X - n-°m-\m-hm-Ø kw-`m-h\ - I - f - ¿-∏n-® C-kvem-an-s‚ {]-k‡ - n-sb 9/11\p ti-jw A-hK - W - n-°p-Ibpw A-h-a-Xn-°p-I-bpw sN-øp-∂ ]m-›m-Xy-Xm¬-∏cy-ß-sf hn-a¿-in-®p-sIm-≠m-Wv bq-tdm-]y≥ \-thm∞m-\Ø - n-\v A-Sn-Ød - ] - m-In-b C-kve - m-an-I ]-fin-Xsc-bpw Zm¿-i-\n-I-sc-bpw im-kv-{X-⁄≥-am-sc-bpw ho-tc-{μ-Ip-am¿ ]-cn-Nb - s - ∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - v. ssd-‰v k-tlmZ-c≥-am¿ hn-am-\w I-≠p-]n-Sn-°p-∂X - n-\v B-bn-cw h¿j-߃-°p ap-ºv I-hn-bpw tPym-Xn-im-kv-{X-⁄-\pw kw-Ko-X⁄ \ - pw F≥-Pn-\o-bd - p-am-bn-cp-∂ A-∫m-kv C-_v-\p ^n¿-\m-kv ]-d-°pw b-{¥w I-≠p-]n-Sn-®-Xpw C-¥y-sb tem-IØ - n-\p ap-∂n¬ A-hX - c - n-∏n-® In-Xm_v Xm-co-Jv A¬-ln-μv F-∂ ]p-kvX - I - Ø - n-s‚ c-Nb - nXm-hm-b tem-I-k-©m-cn A¬ _n-dq-\n-sb-bpw

{]-Xy-£-s∏-´ B-izm-kw. Im-c-Ww C-ß-s\sbm-cp-˛ G-Im-[n-]-Xy-Øn-\v, H-cp cm-jv-{S-sØ ssI-bn-sem-Xp-°m≥ In-´n-b A-h-k-cw, B-cpw s]-s´-∂v H-gn-hm-°m≥ Iq-´m-°p-I-bn-s√-∂m-Wt√m A-\p-`-hw. F-gp-]-Xp-Iƒ \-Ωp-sS C-∂-sØ Im-e-Øn¬\n-∂v G-sd hy-Xy-kv-X-am-bn-cp-∂p. C-∂n-t∏mƒ a-\p-jym-h-Im-i-kw-L-S-\-I-fpw tIm-S-Xn-bp-sams° F-¥n-\pw G-Xn-\pw C-S-s]-Sp-∂-Xv sIm-≠v ssI-bq-°p-≈-h-\v A-ß-s\ Im-cy-°m-c-\m-hm≥ F-fp-∏-Øn¬ km-[y-a-√. ]-t£, A-∂-ß-s\bm-bn-cp-∂n-√ A-Xv. A-[n-Im-cw ssI-bn¬ In-´nb-h-cpw [-\m-Vy-cpw C-S-°m-e-tØ-s°-¶n-epw hn-e-kn. \m-Sv Ip-´n-t®m-dm-°m≥ {i-an-®p. a-\- ¬-∏w kz-ÿ-am-b-t∏mƒ Rm-≥ ]-Xps° Ip-Øn-°p-dn-® t\m-´v-_p-°v ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Øp hm-bn-®p-t\m-°n. X-c-t°-Sn-s√-∂p tXm-∂n. Fs‚ {Km-aw X-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p I-Y-bp-sS ]-›mØ-ew. A-Xn¬ cm-{Xn Im-e-ß-fn¬ H-cp hm-l\w h-∂v th-≠-s∏-´-h-cp-sS B¿-Ø-\m-Z-߃°n-S-bn¬-\n-∂v Ip-Spw-_-\m-Y-s\-tbm A-s√¶n¬ G-sX-¶n-epw Ip-Spw-_mw-K-sØ-tbm hm-\nen-´v sIm-≠p-t]m-Ip-∂p. B-cv F-hn-tS-s°-∂n√m-sX... A-Sn-b-¥-cm-h-ÿm-\p-`-h-߃ I-Ybn¬ a-c-W-sa-∂ Bƒ-am-dm-´w \-S-Øp-∂ co-Xnbn-em-Wv I-Y ap-t∂m-´p t]m-b-Xv. cw-K-t_m-[-an√m-sX a-c-Ww-˛ B-sc, F-t∏mƒ, F-hn-sS-h-®v-˛ ]n-Sn-Iq-Sp-sa-∂-dn-bn-√-t√m? B Im-e-Øv t]m-enkpw s]-cp-am-dn-b-Xv G-Xm-≠-Xp-t]m-se X-s∂bm-Wv. A-h¿-°v kz-bw tXm-∂p-I-tbm, A-s√¶n¬ ap-I-fn¬-\n-∂v \n¿-tZ-iw In-´p-I-tbm sN-øs∏-´ hy-‡n-sb ]n-Sn-®p sIm-≠v t]m-Ip-∂p. Fhn-tS-s°-∂v B¿-°p-a-dn-bp-∂n-√. A-Xm-Wv IY. Xm-h-fw \-jv-S-s∏-´-h≥ N-{μn-I hm-cn-I-bn¬ „ ]n-∂o-Sv A-®-Sn-®p h-∂p.

k-©m-c] - Y - ß - f - n-se am¿-KZ- o-]w I-Ws - °-bm-Wv Um\yq-_v km-£n ]-cn-Nb - s - ∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - v. N-cn-{X-Øn-s‚-bpw N-cn-{X-]p-cp-j≥-am-cp-sS-bpw A-{]-Xo-£n-X-ß-fm-b k-‘n-°-ep-I-sf-bpw I-≠pap-´-ep-I-sf-bpw hn-h-cn-°p-∂ `m-K-߃ c-k-I-c-amWv. hn-b-∂ -bm-{X-sb-°p-dn-®v A-t±-lw F-gp-Xp-∂p: ""{^m≥-kv tPm-k-^v N-{I-h¿-Øn X-s‚ B-Uw-_-ch-≠n-bn¬ \-K-cm-Xn¿-Øn-bn-ep-≈ sjm¨-{_p¨ sIm-´m-c-Øn¬-\n-∂v \-K-c-a-[y-Øn-ep-≈ tlm-^v_¿-Kv sIm-´m-c-Øn-te-°v \n-tXy-\ cm-P-Io-b-{]uVn-tbm-sS k-©-cn-®-Xn-\pw hn-b-∂ km-£n-bm-bn. 1913 P-\p-h-cn-˛-s^-{_p-h-cn am-k-ß-fn¬ B-dm-gv-N°m-e-tØm-fw N-{I-h¿-Øn-bp-sS Cu cm-P-Io-b-bm{X, k-ao-]-Øp-≈ sjm¨-{_-Æ≥ jv-t¢m-kv-˛ kv{Sm- -bn-se H-cp h-k-Xn-bn-en-cp-∂v, tPm-kn-^v Zp-Kmjv-hn-en F-s∂m-cmƒ k-kq-£v-aw \n-co-£n-°p-am-bncp-∂p. ]n¬-°m-e-Øv C-bmƒ tPm-k-^v Ãm-en≥ F∂v tem-I-sa-ßpw A-dn-b-s∏-´p!'' H-cp I-Ωyq-Wn-Ãv e-Lp-te-J X-øm-dm-°m-\p-≈ K-th-j-W-߃-°m-bm-Wv Ãm-en≥ hn-b-∂-bn¬ Bdm-gv-N-°m-ew Xm-a-kn-®-Xv. A-Zv-`p-X-I-c-sa-∂p ]-d-bs´, t{Sm-Sv-kv-In-bpw A-tX-Im-e-b-f-hn¬ hn-b-∂-bnep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-˛1907 ap-X¬ 1914h-sc. ""N-cn-{X-Ønse hn-kv-a-bm-h-l-am-b B-I-kv-an-I-X-sb-∂-t]mse kv-‰m-en-\pw t{Sm-Sv-kv-In-bpw Cu \-K-c-Øn-eq-sS A-e-™p-\-S-∂-t∏mƒ, A-h¿ ap-jn-™p-\m-dn-b hkv-{Xw [-cn-®, hn-b¿-Øp-h-e-™, {]m-Ir-X-am-b {_jp-I-fpw Nm-b-°q-´p-I-fp-am-bn \-S-∂p-\o-ßn-s°m≠n-cp-∂ H-cm-fp-am-bn ]-e-t∏m-gpw k-‘n-®n-cn-°mw. B a-\p-jy≥ ]n¬-°m-e-Øv tem-I-sØ hn-d-∏n-® A-tUmƒ-^v ln-‰v-e-dm-bn-cp-∂p! 1908 ap-X¬ 1913 hsc-bm-Wv ln-‰v-e¿ hn-b-∂-bn¬ I-gn-™-X.v'' ˛ A-t±lw F-gp-Xp-∂p. C-ß-s\ B-I-kv-an-I-ß-fm-b N-cn{X-ap-lq¿-Ø-ß-sf hn-h-cn-®p-sIm-≠v bm-{X-Iƒ Ah-km-\n-°p-∂n-s√-∂ A-[ym-b-tØm-sS-bm-Wv Cu „ ]p-kv-X-Iw A-h-km-\n-°p-∂-Xv.

]p-kv-X-I-ß-ƒ

A-i-\n k-t¶-Xv c-≠mw tem-I- -bp-≤-Im-e-Øv ]-´n-Wn Xmfi-h-am-Sn-b H-cp _w-Km-fn-{Km-a-Øn-s‚ Zp-c-¥-I-Y-bm-Wv a-e-bm-fn-Iƒ-°v {]n-b-¶c-\m-b _w-Km-fn F-gp-Øp-Im-c≥ _n-`q-Xn`q-j¨ _-tμm-]m-[ym-b Cu t\m-h-en-eqsS h-c-®n-Sp-∂-Xv. hn-i-∏v H-cp Zp¿-`q-Xw IW-s° H-cp {Km-a-sØ ap-gp-h≥ \-°ntØm¿-Øp-tºmƒ {Km-a-Øn-se A-[ym-]I≥ Kp-cp-N-c-Wpw `m-cy-°pw A-b¬-°m¿°pw \n- -lm-b-cm-bn t\m-°n \n¬-°m≥ am-{X-ta I-gn-bp-∂p-≈q. _w-Km-fn t\mh¬ hn-h¿-Ø-\-Øn-eq-sS hn-h¿-Ø-\-imJ-bv-°v \n-c-h-[n kw-`m-h-\-Iƒ \¬-In-b eo-em k¿-°m-cn-s‚ a-s‰m-cp kr-jv-Sn. _n-`q-Xn-`q-j¨ _-tμm-]m-[ym-b am-Xr-`q-an _p-Iv-kv, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv

F-s‚ k-Xym-t\z-j-W ]-co-£-W-߃ Km-‘n B-cm-Wv? C-¥y-bn-se X-Øz-imkv-{X-ß-fp-sS Nn-¥m-]-≤-Xn-bn¬ Cu

tNm-Zyw H-gn-®p-Iq-Sm-\m-hm-Ø-Xm-Wv. C-Xns‚ D-Ø-c-am-Wv Hm-tcm hn-`m-K-sØ-bpw XΩn¬ ]-c-kv-]-cw th¿-Xn-cn-°p-∂-Xpw. km{am-Py-Xz Nq-j-W-Øn-\pw A-Sn-®-a¿-Ø-en\pw hn-t[-b-am-b ssh-hn-[y-ß-fp-sS ]-ctIm-Sn-bm-b H-cp P-\-X-sb H-cp am-e-t]mse H-∂p tN¿-Øv kzm-X-{¥y-Øn-te-°pw B-flm-`n-am-\-Øn-te-°pw \-bn-® Km-‘nbp-sS k-Xym-t\z-j-W ]-co-£-W-ß-fp-sS hn-h-c-W-am-Wv Cu B-fl-I-Y. tem-I-saºm-Spw A-t\-Iw ]p-\¿-hm-b-\-Iƒ-°pw A-t\z-j-W-߃-°pw hn-t[-b-am-b Ir-Xn. tam-l≥-Zm-kv I-cw-N-μv Km-‘n Un kn _p-Iv-kv, tIm-´-bw

Ip-´n-I-fp-sS se-\n≥ tem-I-N-cn-{X-sØ am-‰n-a-dn-® d-jy≥ hn-πh-\m-b-I≥ se-\n≥ F-°m-e-Øpw a¿-±nX-P-\-X-bp-sS B-th-i-am-bn-cp-∂n-´p-≠v. se-\n-s‚ Po-hn-X-sØ-bpw {]-tbm-K-sØbpw A-dn-bm-sX B Im-e-L-´-Øn-s‚ ]T\w ]q¿-Øn-bm-hp-I-bn-√. se-\n-s‚ cm-jv{So-b-hpw Po-hn-X-hpw Ip-´n-Iƒ-°p-th-≠n

A-h-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂ sN-dp ]p-kv-X-Iw, {]-ikv-X F-gp-Øp-Im-c≥ ]n.Sn. `m-kv-I-c-∏Wn-°-cp-sS Xq-en-I-bn¬-\n-∂v. ]n.Sn. `m-kv-I-c-∏-Wn-°¿ Nn-¥ ]-ªn-tj-gv-kv, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw

B-Nm-cy t\m-°q, F-s‚-bo h-kv-{X-sØ A-\p-I-cn°m-Xn-cn-°q, F-s‚-bo t\m-´-sØ, A-\pI-cn-°m-Xn-cn-°q, F-s‚ \-S-Øw. F-s‚ `m-j, F-s‚ bm-{X, F-s‚ B-flm-hn-s‚ hn-lz-e-X, H-∂pw A-\p-I-cn-°m-Xn-cn-°q. Im-c-Ww am-Xr-I tI-h-ew A-\p-I-c-W-a√, am-Xr-I Im-gv-N-bm-Wv Im-gv-N-am-{Xw-˛ k¿-h-⁄-]oTw I-b-dn-b B-Zn-i-¶-c≥ Cu t\m-h-en¬ ]-g-b Im-e-sØ-b-√, ]pØ≥ `m-hp-I-Xz-sØ-bm-Wv B-hn-jv-I-cn°p-∂-Xv. i-¶-c≥ C-hn-sS A-dn-hn-s‚ A{K-Øn-te-°v A-Xn-th-Kw I-b-dp-∂ H-cp a\p-jy≥ am-{Xw. i-¶-c-hm-b-\-bv-°v ]p-Xpa \¬-Ip-∂ H-cp t\m-h¬. kn. K-tW-iv {]n-b-X _p-Iv-kv, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv

{_q-kv-en: B-tbm-[-\ I-e-bn-se C-Xn-lm-kw sX-cp-hn-se X-√p-sIm-≈n-bn¬-\n-∂v temI-Nmw-]y-\pw tem-I-Øm-I-am-\-ap-≈ bphm-°-fp-sS B-cm-[-\m-]m-{X-hp-am-bn am-dnb B-tbm-[\ - I - e - b - n-se C-Xn-lm-ka - m-Wv {_q-kve - n. \n-db - u-h\ - Ø - n-te s]m-en-™pt]m-b B C-Xn-lm-kX - m-cs - Ø A-Sp-Ød - nbm≥ G-sd k-lm-bn-°pw Cu Po-hN - c - n-{X{K-Ÿw. sh-dp-sam-cp kn-\n-am-\-S-\p-a-∏p-dØv H-cp t]m-cm-fn-bpw B-tbm-[\ - I - e - m-Imc-\pw Ip-Spw-_-\m-Y-\p-am-b {_q-kv-en-sb \-ap-°o ]p-kvX - I - Ø - n¬ ]-cn-Nb - s - ∏-Smw. Pn.F-kv. D-Æn-Ir-jv-W≥-\m-b¿ B¬-^m-h¨, ]-ªn-tj-gv-kv, I-Æq¿

I-°m-Sn-s‚ ]p-cm-hr-Øw {]m-tZ-in-I-h-g-°-ß-sf en-Jn-X-cq-]-Ønte-°v B-\-bn-°p-∂-Xn¬ tªm-Kv km-lnXyw h-en-b ]-¶p-h-ln-®n-´p-≠v. {Km-ay-{]tbm-K-ß-fpw \m-´-\p-`-h-ß-fpw {]m-tZ-inI-X-\n-a-I-fpw {]m-tZ-in-I-an-Øp-I-fpw I-

Y-I-fpw H-s° Cu \-h-am-[y-a-Øn-eq-sS hm-b-\m-k-aq-l-Øn-\p ap-∂n-se-Øn. Cu I-Ym-Ir-Øn-s‚ I-Y-I-fpw Cu ]-Ÿm-hneq-sS-bm-Wv A-®-Sn-bn-te-°v Im¬-h-bv-∏p \-S-Øn-b-Xv. D-`-b-Po-hn-X-߃-°pw hw-i]-c-º-c-bp-sS I-Æn-Iƒ ap-dn-bm-Xn-cn-°m≥ kz-¥w tZ-i-Øn-s‚ C-Øn-cn a-Æn-eq-dp∂ P-ew Iq-Sn-tb Xo-cq F-∂v Hm¿-an-∏n-°p∂p Cu I-Y-I-sf-∂v I-Ym-Im-cn sI.B¿. ao-c ap-∂p-c-bn¬. kp-\n¬ D-]m-k-\ Un kn _p-Iv-kv, tIm-´-bw

A-K-ayw t\-cn-s‚ h-en-sbm-cp I-S-em-kpsIm-´m-cØn-em-Wv Hm-tcm Ip-Spw-_h - pw Zm-ºX - y-hpw hn-izm-kØ - n-s‚ hn-Im-cl - ¿-ay-߃ ]-Wnbp-∂X - v. H-cp sN-dp-Ne - \ - w t]m-epw B teme-am-b X-{¥n-I-fn¬ B-tμm-f-\-ß-fp-≠m°p-sa-¶n-epw hn-izm-k-Øn-s‚ I-cn-¶¬-`nØn-Iƒ A-Xn-s\ s]m-Xn-™p-]n-Sn-°p∂p. sh-hn-[y-ß-fp-sS k-º-∂-X-bn¬ a-ebm-fn-a-\- n¬ C-Sw-t\-Sn-b _n. ap-c-fn-bp-

sS Ip-Spw-_-_-‘-߃ hn-j-b-am-Ip-∂ sN-dp-t\m-h¬. H-∏w X-s‚ km-ln-Xy-k¶ - ¬-∏ß - s - f-bpw I-em-hn-izm-kß - s - f-bpw Ipdn-®v sI._n. si¬-ha - W - n-bp-am-bn \-SØ - nb kw-`m-j-W-hpw si¬-h-a-Wn-bp-sS-Øs∂ ]T-\h - pw Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. _n. ap-c-fn H-en-hv, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv

ap-√m-°-Y-Iƒ kz-¥w Po-hn-X-sØ \n¿-h-Nn-°p-∂-Xn-s‚ `m-K-am-bn-´m-Wv ap-√ \-k-dp-±o≥ \¿-a-sØ kzo-I-cn-®-Xv. B-g-Øn-ep-≈ Po-hn-X-k-¶¬-∏-ß-fm-epw \n-co-£-W-ß-fm-epw k-º∂-am-Wv A-t±-lw tI-{μ-ÿm-\-Øp h-cp∂ \¿-a-I-Y-Iƒ. Cu sN-dp-I-Ym-k-am-lmc-Øn-se I-Y-I-fpw hy-Xy-kv-X-a-√. Po-hnX-Øn-s‚ \n-Kq-V-X-Iƒ \-\p-Ø \¿-aØm¬ Nm-en-®v hm-b-\-°m-c-s\ hn-kv-a-bn∏n-°p-∂ G-Xm-\pw I-Y-Iƒ. Ip-´n-Iƒ-°v B-kz-Zn-°m-hp-∂ e-fn-X-am-b B-Jym-\w. A-_v-Zp-√ t]-cm-{º ssI-c-fn _p-Iv-kv, I-Æq¿


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sI. jn-_n

km

-ap-Zm-bn-I-hpw a-X-]-c-hp-am-b Im-c-W-ß-fm-epw A-d-_n en]n-bn-em-b-Xn-\m-epw am-∏n-f∏m-´v-km-ln-Xyw a-e-bm-f km-ln-Xy-˛-N-cn-{X-]T-\ß-fp-sS s]m-Xp-[m-c-bn¬-\n-∂pw A-\y-h¬-°-cn°-s∏-´p-t]m-bn-cp-∂p. Cu A-\y-h¬-°-c-Ww h-tcWy-h¿-K kw-kv-Ir-Xn-bp-sS s]m-Xp-[m-c-bn¬-\n∂p ]p-d-Øm-°-s∏-´ \m-S≥ km-ln-Xy ]m-c-º-cyØn-t\-‰ A-]-N-b-Øm-em-sW-∂ Xn-cn-®-dn-hm-Wv, _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ h-≈n-°p-∂n-s\ am-∏n-f-∏m-´v kmln-Xy-sØ-°p-dn-®v ]Tn-°m≥ t{]-cn-∏n-®-Xv. A-Xp X-s∂-bm-Wv N-cn-{X-an-√m-Ø-h-cp-sS N-cn-{X-sa-gpXm≥ A-t±-l-sØ t{]-cn-∏n-®-Xpw. ""_n.-F-bv-°p ]Tn-°p-∂ Im-e-Øv, _-Z-dp¬ ap\o¿ ]Tn-°m-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]p-kv-X-Iw hm-bn-®n-´p a-\- n-em-bn-√. B-sI-°q-Sn-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂ H-cp hym-Jym-\-am-sW-¶n¬ In-´m-\p-an-√. B ]p-kv-X-Iw am-‰n-h-®p ]-co-£-sb-gp-Xn ]m-km-bn. ]n-∂o-Sv Xn-cqc-ßm-Sn K-h. ssl-kv-Iq-fn¬ a-e-bm-fw A-[ym-]-I\m-bn h-∂-Xn-\p ti-j-am-Wv am-∏n-f I-em-km-lnXy-sØIp-dn-®v ]Tn-°m-\p-≈ km-l-N-cy-sam-cp-ßp∂-Xv.-'' \m¬-∏-Xn-te-sd h¿-jw \o-≠ am-∏n-f-∏m-´p

km-ln-Xy-cw-K-sØ X-s‚ _u-≤n-I-Po-hn-X-sØ°p-dn-®v A-t±-lw B-ap-J-sa-gp-Xp-∂-Xv C-ß-s\-bmWv. am-∏n-f-∏m-´p km-ln-Xy-sØ kw-_-‘n-® sN-dnb Nn-e \n-co-£-W-ß-fpw \n-K-a-\-ß-fpw ap-ºpw D≠m-bn-´p-s≠-¶n-epw A-h-bp-sS km-aq-ln-I-am-b ASn-Ø-d ]-cn-tim-[n-°m-\pw tI-c-f-N-cn-{X-Øn¬ AXn-s\ A-S-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p-ap-≈ hn-]p-e-am-b {i-a߃ Xp-S-ßp-∂-Xv _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ h-≈n-°p-∂ns‚ ]T-\-ß-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv. 1971¬ N-{μn-I-bn¬ am-∏n-f-∏m-´n-s\-°p-dn-®v _me-Ir-jv-W≥ H-cp te-J-\-sa-gp-Xn. A-sXm-cp Xp-S-°am-bn-cp-∂p. B te-J-\w I-≠v kn.-F-®v. ap-l-Ω-Zv tIm-b am-∏n-f-I-em-km-ln-Xy-sØ-°p-dn-®v H-cp tImfw sN-ø-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏-´p. C-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂mWv 1973¬ hm-cm-¥y-∏-Xn-∏n¬ "kv-tXm-{X-Im-hy߃ am-∏n-f-∏m-´p-I-fn¬' F-∂ te-J-\w F-gp-Xm-\nS-bm-b-Xv. B k-a-b-Øv Im-k¿-tIm-Uv \n-∂pw sI.Fw. A-l-Ω-Zv D-ss_-Zv kv-am-c-I am-∏n-f-∏m-´v D¬-kh-Øn¬ {]-_-‘w A-h-X-cn-∏n-°-W-sa-∂v B-hiy-s∏-´p. B {]-_-‘w A-h-X-cn-∏n-®p sIm-≠m-Wv _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ am-∏n-f-∏m-´v-km-ln-Xy-]T-\-ta-J-ebn¬ X-s‚ km-∂n-[yw D-d-∏p-h-cp-Øp-∂-Xv. 1994¬ "C-kv-em-an-I k¿-h-hn-⁄m-\-tIm-i'Øn-s‚ F-Un-t‰m-dn-b¬ t_m¿-Un¬ Aw-K-am-bXm-Wv X-s‚ K-th-j-W-Po-hn-X-Øn-s‚ h-gn-Øn-cnhm-b-sX-∂v A-t±-lw ]-d-bp-∂p. C-¥y-°p ]p-d-Øp-

{]n-b -Km-bI-s\ \K-cw Hm¿-°p∂p

CMYK

sa-lv-Zn l-k≥ ap-X¬ `q-t]-{μ-kn-Mv hsc-bp-≈ K-k¬ Km-b-I-sc-b-{X-bpw ]-cnN-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-Ø-∂ \-Pv-a¬ _m-_p-hns‚ Zu-Xy-Øn-s‚ Hm¿-a-bp-W¿-Øn-s°m≠v Nm-h-°m-Sv "sa-lv-Zn B-hm-kv', kn-dmPv A-a-en-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ H-cp-°p-∂ K-k¬ km-bm-”-am-Wv {i-≤m-Rv-P-en-bpsS A-]-c-`m-Kw. Pq¨ 27 sh-≈n-bm-gv-N ssh-Ip-t∂-cw 5 a-Wn-°v \-f-μ Hm-Un-t‰mdn-b-Øn-em-Wv ]-cn-]m-Sn. A-\-iz-c-am-b B a-[p-c-\m-Z-Øn-s‚ Hm¿-a D-≈n¬ sIm-

-dp-\n-em-hp-t]m-ep-≈ hn-teme-kw-Ko-X-Øm¬ \m-ep ]-Xn‰m-≠n-te-sd-°m-ew X-ß-fpsS \n-Xy-Po-hn-Xw k-l-\o-b-am-°n-b A\p-Kr-lo-X-Km-b-I≥ \-Pv-a¬ _m-_p-hns‚ Hm¿-a-bv-°p ap-∂n¬ tIm-gn-t°m-Sv \K-cw {]-Wm-a-a¿-∏n-°p-∂p. ]n-Xm-hv tImgn-t°m-Sv A-–p¬ Jm-Z-dn-s‚-bpw ]n-Xrk-tlm-Z-co `¿-Øm-hv Fw.-F-kv. _m-_pcm-Pn-s‚-bpw kw-Ko-X-ss]-Xr-Iw _m-eyØn-te G-‰p-hm-ßn ]-Ømw h-b- n¬ apw-ss_-bn¬ A-c-tß-‰w \-S-Øp-I-bpw `m-h-kp-c-`n-e-am-b e-fn-X-kw-Ko-X-Øns‚ Z-i-I-߃ ]n-∂n-´v a-e-bm-fn-Iƒ-°p K-k¬-kw-Ko-Xw ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw A-Xn-s‚ Xm-c-fyw A-\p-`-h-th-Zy-am°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X \-Pv-a-en-s\-°p-dn-®p≈ Hm¿-a-Iƒ kp-lr-Øp-°-fpw k-l-{]h¿-Ø-I-cpw ]-cn-N-b-°m-cpw ]-¶p-h-bv°p-∂ \-Pv-a¬ _m-_p-˛ Po-hn-X-hpw kwKo-X-hpw F-∂ ]p-kv-X-I-Øn-s‚ {]-Im-i\-am-Wv {i-≤m-Rv-P-en-bp-sS B-Zy-`m-Kw. ap-∏-Xn-\-Sp-Øv te-J-\-ß-f-S-ßn-b ]p-kvX-Iw F-Un-‰v sN-bv-Xn-´p-≈-Xv \-Zow \ujm-Zm-Wv. ]-Xn-‰m-≠p-Iƒ \-Pv-a-en-s\ A-Sp-Ø-dn™ B¿. tam-l≥ Hm¿-a-∏p-kv-X-I-Ønse te-J-\-Øn¬ A-\p-kv-a-cn-°p-∂p: "".-.-..-. A-∂v £o-Wn-X-\pw tcm-K-_m-[n-X-\pam-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. kw-km-c-ti-jn ]q¿-W-am-bpw \-„-s∏-´p-I-gn-™n-cp-∂p. H-Øp-Iq-Sp-tºmƒ ]m-´p ]m-Sm-Ø \-Pv-a¬ _m-_p-hn-s\ kp-lr-Zv-kw-L-Øn-\v k¶¬-∏n-°m-t\ B-hp-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. ]-ecpw B th-Z-\ a-d-®p-h-®p. ]n-∂o-Sv Hm¿-abpw kw-`m-j-W-hp-am-bn. s]-s´-∂v "am-bcp-tX h-\-cm-t[, h-\-cm-t[.-.-.-' _m-_p-hns‚ i-–w. F-√m-h-cpw A-º-c-∂p.-.-.-'' tIm-gn-t°m-Sv K-k¬-[m-c H-cp-°p-∂ NS-ßn¬ I-em-˛-kmw-kv-Im-cn-I {]-h¿-Ø-Icpw \-Pv-a-en-s‚ D-‰-h-cpw kw-km-cn-°pw.

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{]ikv-X am[y-a {]-h¿-Ø-I\pw I-em-\n-cq-]-I-\pamb tIm-b -ap-lΩ-Zn-s‚ ]p--Xn-b ]w-‡n B-cw-`n°p-I-bmWv. kmw-kv-Imcn-I cwKsØ {i-t≤-bam-b N-e-\-ß-sf sIm-®p-Nn-an-gp-I-fn-em-°n c-≠mgvN Iq-Sp-tºmƒ C-Xn¬ hm-bn-°mw

\S∏v tIm-b -ap-lΩZv

Bƒ-°pw \¬-In {]-Im-i-\w sN-bv-Xp. Ihn ]n.-sI. tKm-]n C-cp-Ir-Xn-I-sf-bpw Ipdn-®p-≈ kw-£n-]v-X ]T-\w A-h-X-cn-∏n®p-sIm-≠v N-S-ßv D-Zv-Lm-S-\w sN-bv-Xp. km-ln-Xy-hpw I-e-bpw cm-{„o-b-hpw XØz-Nn-¥-bpw F-√mw H-cp-t]m-se kp-{Kmly-am-b-h-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂ kp-Ip-am-c≥ amjp-sS F-gp-Øn-s‚ B-cm-[-I-cm-b \-s√mcp k-Z- p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p km-£yw h-ln°m≥. \-Ωp-sS _p-≤n-]-c-am-b hym-]m-cß-fn-se h≥-hn-S-hp-I-fpw K¿-Ø-ß-fpw \n-I-Øm-\p-d-®v C-d-ßn-∏p-d-s∏-´ kz-bw \n-bp-‡ D-Zv-t_m-[-I-s‚ F-gp-Øv A[ym-]-I-cpw k¿-h-I-em-im-em hn-Zym¿-YnI-fpw am-{X-a-√ s]m-Xp-hm-b-\-°m-cpw hmcn-∏p-W¿-∂-Xv kzm-`m-hn-Iw. B-[p-\n-I-hpw B-[p-\n-tIm-Ø-c-hpam-b P¿-a≥ F-gp-Øpw B-[p-\n-I A-d-_v F-gp-Øpw b-h-\-˛-A-kw-_-‘ \m-S-I-ßfpw F-√m-sa-√mw lr-Z-b-lm-cn-bm-b hm-b\m-\p-`-h-am-°n-b am-jp-sS in-jy-cpw kplr-Øp-°-fpw _-‘p-°-fpw hn-Zq-c-ßfn¬-\n-∂p-t]m-epw h-s∂-Øn Du-jv-a-f-am°n-b N-S-ßv ap-X-se-Sp-°m≥ t\m-°n-sb∂ B-tcm-]-Ww D-≠m-h-cp-sX-∂ Pm-{K-Xbm¬-Ø-s∂-bm-h-Ww, "kw-Lm-S-I¿' ]mXn-h-gn-sb-Øpw ap-tº A-c-sßm-gn-bp-∂Xm-Wp I-≠-Xv. kw-L-Øn-s‚ Pn-√m {]-kn-U‚p-Iq-Snbm-b A-[y-£≥ D-]-{I-aw \n¿-h-ln-®v ÿ-ew-hn-´p. kzm-K-X-{]-kw-K-I¿-°p ]-d™ F-√m {]-I-S-\-ß-fpw Im-gv-N-h-®v sk-{I-´-dn I-S-a ]q¿-Øn-bm-°n. A-Xn-YnI-sf-°p-dn-®v th-≠-Xpw th-≠m-Ø-Xpw ]-e-Xpw ]-d-s™-¶n-epw ap-Jym-Xn-Yn-I-fnsem-cm-fp-sS t]-cv, X-s‚ Iq-Sn t]-cn-e-Sn-® £-W-°-Øn¬ h-ep-Xm-bn A-X-®-Sn-®ncp-s∂-¶n-epw, ]-d-™n-s√-∂-Xv, am-jv-°v A-t±-l-sØ Hm¿-an-∏n-t°-≠n h-∂p. \μn {]-kw-K-I-s‚ t]-cp hn-fn-®-t∏mƒ At±-lw _mw-•q-cn-em-sW-∂v B-tcm hn-fn®p ]-d-bp-∂-Xp tI-´p. ]-I-c-°m-c-\m-bn B-sc-bpw \n-tbm-Kn-°m-sX-bpw I-tk-c H-gn-™p-sIm-Sp-Ø A-[y-£-s‚ ]-Z-hn

≠p-\-S-°p-∂-h-sc-√mw A-∂-hn-sS H-ØpIq-Sn-°m-Wm≥ sÿ-fn-Mv e-Øo-^n-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-ep-≈ \-Pv-a¬ _m-_p kulr-Z-Iq-´m-bv-a B-{K-lw {]-I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂p.

D-]-Nm-c-ß-tf, hn-S! tcm-K-a-\ I-em-km-ln-Xy-kw-Lw ]p-tImgn-t°m-Sv Pn-√m I-Ωn-‰n-bp-sS t]-cn¬ Pq¨ 6\v A-f-Im-]p-cn-bn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n-°-s∏-´ N-S-ßn¬ hn-e-s∏-´ c-≠v ]p-kv-X-I-߃ {]-Im-in-X-am-bn. hm-‹nbpw {]-K-ev-` Cw-•o-jv A-[ym-]-I-\pw "How to fall in Love with English' A-S-°w \n-c-h-[n ]p-kv-X-I-ß-fp-sS I¿-Øm-hp-am-b tUm. hn. kp-Ip-am-c-s‚ A-£-cw, B-i-bw, Iem-]w, F-ßp a-\p-jy-\v N-ß-e ssI-Ifn¬' F-∂n-h-bm-Wm Ir-Xn-Iƒ. C-Xn¬ H∂m-a-tØ-Xv tUm. Fw.-B¿. cm-L-h-hm-cnb¿ sXm-gn-e-t\z-j-I-cp-sS {]n-b am¿-K-Z¿in-bm-b Sn. in-h-Zm-kn-\pw c-≠m-a-tØ-Xv tUm. kn. cm-tP-{μ≥ Cu Ip-dn-s∏-gp-Xp-∂

t_m-W- m-bn D-Zv-Lm-S-I-\p e-`n-°p-Ibpw sN-bv-Xp. "kw-Lm-S-I¿' ]m-Xn-h-gn-°v ]-cn-XyPn-® N-S-ßv D-]-Nm-c-߃ Im-‰n¬-∏-dØn ]-cy-h-km-\n-®-ti-j-hpw C-sXm-∂pta-im-sX am-jpw Iq-´-cpw A-hn-Sw D-√mkw \n-d-®p.

\n-∂p-≈ A-d-_v-Ir-Xn-I-fpw ]T-\-ß-fpw ]-cn-tim[n-°m≥ Cu k-μ¿-`w A-h-k-c-sam-cp-°n. A-Xn-s‚ ^-e-am-bn-cp-∂p am-∏n-f-∏m-´n-\v H-cm-ap-J-]T-\w, am∏n-f kw-kv-Im-c-Øn-s‚ Im-Wm-∏p-d-߃ F-∂ ]pkv-X-I-߃. ]n-∂o-Sv tUm. D-Ω¿ X-d-ta-ep-am-bn tN¿-∂v am-∏n-f-∏m-´v ]mT-ß-fpw ]T-\-ß-fpw F-∂ Ir-Xn {]-kn-≤o-I-cn-®p. Xp-S¿-∂v am-∏n-f-km-ln-Xyhpw ap-kv-enw \-thm-∞m-\-hpw, am-∏n-f-km-ln-Xy]T-\-߃, kv-{Xo-]-£-hm-b-\-bp-sS am-∏n-f ]mTm¥-c-߃ F-∂n-h {]-kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn.

CMYK

am-¸n-f-¸m-«p km-ln-Xy-¯n-sâ km-aq-ln-I-am-b A-Sn-¯-d ]-cn-tim-[n-¡m-\pw tI-c-fN-cn-{X-¯n- A-Xn-s\ A-S-bm-f-s¸-Sp-¯m-\p-ap-Å {i-a-§Ä Xp-S-§n-b-h-cn {]-ap-J-\m-Wv _m-e-Ir-jv-W³ h-Ån-¡p-¶v

am-∏n-f Km-\-h-g-°-߃ N-cn-{X-km-aq-ln-I ]-›mØ-e-Øn¬, a-lm-I-hn tam-bn≥-Ip-´n ssh-Zy-cp-sS Im-hy {]-]-©-Øn¬ F-∂n-h a-‰p Ir-Xn-Iƒ. A-t\z-j-Wm-fl-I-am-b Cu Ir-Xn-I-sf-√mw Xs∂ tI-c-f-km-ln-Xy N-cn-{X-]T-\-߃-°p ap-X¬°q-´m-Wv. am-∏n-f-∏m-´p-I-fp-sS B-hn¿-`m-h-Øn-\pw ap-ºp-≠m-bn-cp-∂ tI-c-fo-b-km-ln-Xy-Øn-s‚ N-cn{X-L-´-ß-sf-°p-dn-®v hn-i-Z-am-bn \n-co-£n-°p-∂p≠v A-t±-lw. a-[y-Im-e tI-c-f-Øn-se a-X-]-cn-h¿Ø-\-Øn-eq-sS cq-]-s∏-´ k-¶-c-Pm-Xn-kz-Xz-am-Wv am-∏n-f-∏m-´n-s‚ h-f¿-®-bv-°p k-lm-b-I-c-am-b-Xv. hn-hn-[ Pm-Xn-hn-`m-K-ß-fp-sS \m-S≥ ]m-c-º-cy kwkv-Im-c-io-e-ß-fm-Wv am-∏n-f-∏m-´p-I-fn-se io-ep-Isf-bpw Km-\-co-Xn-k-{º-Zm-b-sØ-bpw \n-e-\n¿-Ønb-Xv F-∂pw hm-Zn-°p-∂p A-t±-lw. 1607¬ ap-ln-bp-±o≥ am-e c-Nn-°p-∂-Xn-\pw \q-dph¿-jw ap-tº X-an-g-I-Øv an-b-dm-en-am-e-bpw ]-g-»n¥v-am-e-bpw \-ko-b-Øv-am-e-bpw ao-cm≥ am-e-bpw cNn-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. an-b-dm-en ]m-´n-se Km-\-co-Xn \oXn-km-c-Øn-t‚-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. \q¬-a-l-Zv am-e-bn-se Km-\-co-Xn Ip-d-Øn-∏m-´n-t‚-Xm-Wv. cm-a-N-cn-X-Ønse Km-\-co-Xn h-S-°≥ ]m-´n-te-°pw "B-º-cn-b hncp-Øw' F-∂ t]-cn¬ am-∏n-f-∏m-´n-epw {]-Nm-c-Ønep-≠v. F-gp-Ø-—-s‚ In-fn-∏m-´v Km-\-co-Xn-bm-Wv apln-bp-±o≥ am-e-bn¬ tam-bn≥-Ip-´n ssh-Zy¿ D-]tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. am-∏n-f-∏m-´p-I-fp-sS Im-hy-`m-j-sb hn-i-I-e-\w sN-øp-∂-Xn-\v X-an-g-I-sØ sam-Øw `m-jm km-ln-Xy-sØ X-s∂-bpw N-cn-{X-]-c-am-bn hn-i-I-e-\w sN-øp-I-bm-Wv A-t±-lw. \m-\q-dn-te-sd sIm-√-sØ am-∏n-f-km-ln-Xy-]mc-º-cy-Øn-se kv-ss{X-W-km-∂n-[y-sØ C-kv-eman-I Po-hn-X-ho-£-W-Øn-\-I-Øp-h-®v \n-co-£n°m≥ {i-an-°p-∂p-≠v kv-{Xo-]-£-hm-b-\-bp-sS am∏n-f ]mTm-¥-c-߃ F-∂ Ir-Xn-bn¬. am-∏n-f kz-Xzcq-]o-I-c-W-Øn-s‚ N-cn-{X-hn-Xm-\-Øn¬ am-∏n-fkw-Ko-X-Øn-s‚ hy-Xn-cn-‡-am-\w N-cn-{X-]-c-am-bn F-ß-s\ cq-]w sIm-≈p-∂p-sh-∂ \n-co-£-W-am-Wv _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ h-≈n-°p-∂n-s\ am-∏n-f-∏m-´p kmln-Xy-cw-K-sØ B-[n-Im-cn-I-i-–-am-bn \n-e-\n¿Øp-∂-Xv. am-∏n-f tkm-Mv e-th-gv-kv A-hm¿-Uv, A¬ A-td_y k-tam-\n A-hm¿-U,v Zp-_-bv a-e-∏p-dw sI.-Fw.kn.-kn. A-hm¿-Uv, jm¿-P sI.-Fw.-kn.-kn. A-hm¿Uv, am-∏n-f km-ln-Xy A-°m-Z-an A-hm¿-Uv, D-ss_Zv kv-am-c-I km-ln-Xy A-hm¿-Uv Xp-S-ßn-b A-hm¿Up-Iƒ _m-e-Ir-jv-W-s‚ kw-`m-h-\-Iƒ-°p-≈ Aw-Ko-Im-c-am-Wv. „

a-em-∏-d-ºv A-I-se-b-√

\

-K-c-Øn¬-\n-∂p \m-ep-ssa¬ In-g°v tIm-gn-t°m-Sv-˛-h-b-\m-Sv tdmUn¬ ]m-tdm-∏-Sn-bn-se bp.-]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p ap-∂n-se _-kv-tÃm-∏n-\-cn-In-em-bn D-b¿∂p-\n¬-°p-∂ ^v-f-Iv-kv t_m¿-Uv B-cpsS-bpw {i-≤-bm-I¿-jn-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. AtX tdm-Un¬ H-cp ssa¬ ]-Sn-™m-dp ÿnXn sN-øp-∂ a-em-∏-d-ºn-se bp.-]n. kv-Iqfn-s‚ A-\p-`-h-Øn-s‚ ]-›m-X-e-Øn¬ hn-ti-jn-®pw. ]m-tdm-∏S- n-bn-se tNm-e∏ - p-dØ - v bp.-]n. kv-Iqƒ 1948em-Wv ÿm-]n-X-am-b-Xv. tdmUn-\v C-cp-hi - Ø - p-am-bm-Wv kvI - qƒ {]-h¿Øn-®p-t]m-∂-Xv. tdm-Un-\p h-S-°p-`m-KsØ Hm-Sn-´ sI-´n-Sw k-ab - m-ka - b - w A-‰I - p‰-∏-Wn-sbm-∂pw sN-øm-Xn-cp-∂-Xn-\m-emhmw Im-em-h-ÿ-bp-sS I-fn-bm-´-Øn¬ Po¿-Wn-®p \n-ew s]m-Øm-dm-bn-´p-≠v.

kvI - q-fn-s‚ sI-´n-Sw F-∂v C-t∏mƒ `q-XI - mem¿-YØ - n-e√ - m-sX hn-ti-jn-∏n-°m-tam F∂-dn-bn-√. h-kv-Xp A-\ym-[o-\-s∏-´p-I-gn™n-cn-°W - s - a-∂m-Wv \m-´p-Im-cp-sS `-bw. a-em-∏-d-ºv kv-Iq-fn-s‚ Zp-c-\p-`-hw H-gnhm-°m-\m-hn-t√ F-∂ {]-Xym-im-\n¿-`-cam-b B-i-¶-bm-Wv ^v-f-Iv-kv t_m¿-Un¬ D-b¿-∂n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. A-£-c-hn-f-°v Du-Xns°-Sp-Øm≥ `q-am-^n-b-Iƒ I-gp-I≥ IÆp-I-fp-am-bn kv-Iq-fn-\p Np-‰pw h-´-an-Sp-Ibm-Wv. C-h-sc X-S-™p-\n¿-Øm≥, a-ebm-fw t{i-jvT-`m-j-bm-bn \n-e-\n¿-Øm≥ hn-Zym-`ym-k-{]-h¿-Ø-I-cpw km-aq-ln-I{]-h¿-Ø-I-cpw hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-fpw {]-Xn-tj[-Øn-s‚ N-ß-e-I-fm-hp-I. kv-Iqƒ Xn-cn-®-dn-hn-s‚-bpw km-aq-lnI C-S-s]-S-en-s‚-bpw B-Zym-£-c-am-Wv. A-Xp \n-e-\n¿-Øm≥ t]m-cm-´-ta am¿-K-ap≈q ˛ sl-Uv tem-Uv h¿-t°-gv-kv bq-\nb≥ kn.-sF.-Sn.-bp. ]m-tdm-∏-Sn sk-Ivj≥ ÿm-]n-® t_m¿-Uv Hm¿-an-∏n-°p-Ibpw D-Zv-t_m-[n-∏n-°p-I-bpw sN-øp-∂p. hn-Zym-e-b-Øn-s‚ A-h-ÿ s]m-Xpk-aq-l k-a-£w F-Øn-® Np-a-´p-sXm-gnem-fn kw-L-S-\-tbm-Sv kv-Iq-fn-s‚ H-cp ]q¿-h-hn-Zym¿-Yn-bp-sS \-μn-bpw kv-Iqƒ kw-c-£-W-b-Xv-\-Øn-\v B-flm¿-Y-am-b ]n-¥p-W-bpw C-Xn-\m¬ {]-I-Sn-∏n-®psIm-≈-s´. „

]¥pIfn lw-k I-b-\n-°c Cu ]-¥pIfn Im-cy-am-bn-´pw H-cp I-fnb√. Cu ssa-Xm-\n-bn¬ A-tßm-´p-an-tßm´pw X-´n-°-fn-°p-∂ H-‰-s∏´p-t]m-b ]-¥n-s‚ K-Xn-tI-Sm-WXv. Xo¿-®-bm-bpw I-e-ln®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ Z-º-Xn-am¿-°v A-_-≤-Øn¬ P-\n®p-t]m-b H-cp Ip-´n-bp-sS K-Xn-tISv. I-fn I-gn-™v Im-Wn-Ifpw I-fn-°mcpw ]n-cn-™mepw I-fn ssa-Xm-\n-bpsS GtXm tIm-Wn¬ {Su-kdpw Ip-∏m-bhpw Iodn ]‰n-b ]-cn-°ns‚ t\m-hn¬ H-‰-s∏-´v I-c-bp-∂ H-cp Ip-´nsb Im-Wm≥ I-gn-s™-¶n¬ I-fn-bp-sS a-d-hn¬ C-cp-]-£hpw tN¿∂p \-S-Øp-∂ H-cm-{Ia-Ww X-s∂-bm-WnXv.

CMYK

CMYK

am-∏n-f-∏m-´n-s‚ N-cn-{X-Im-c≥

Thejas Epaper sunday Edition 2014/06/22  

Thejas Epaper sunday edition. 2014/06/22