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CMYK

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P-bv-]q¿ km-ln-Xy-ta-f-bn-se Un.F-kv.kn. ]p-c-kv-Im-cw t\Snb sskd-kv an-kv-{Xn-sb-∂ ]m-gv-kn km-ln-Xy-Im-c-s\-°p-dn-®v

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k-Xy-Pn-Xv tdbpw cm-PvI - ] - qdpw \¬In-b Hm-^d- p-Iƒ t]mepw \n-ck - n® , Cu-bn-sS A-¥c- n-® \-Snkp-Nn{Xm sk∂ns‚ th-jß - f- n-eqsS

CMYK

CMYK

2014 P\p-hcn 26 Rm-b-¿ hmfyw 9 e°w 413

_- n¬ I-b-dn-bm¬ _- n-Sn-®p a-dn-bp-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn-®p-am{Xw Nn-¥n-°p-∂ A-cp¨-Ip-am¿ Fß-s\ tcm-Kn-bm-bn?

C¶v C-´y-bp-sS 64mw dn]-»n-Iv Zn-\w. 16ma-s¯ s]m-Xp-Xn-c-sª-Sp-¸n\v cmPyw X-¿m-sd-Sp-¯p-sIm-n-cn¡p¶p.{][m{][m-\\a-{´n-Øm-\-t¯-¡pv ¡p¶p. aÂ-k-cn-¡p¶-Xv cmPyw I- G-ähpw hen-b hw-i-l-Xy-¡v Iq-«p-\n-¶-bmÄ. ]mÀ-e-saân F-¯p-¶-h-cn h-en-sbm-cp `m-K-hpw {In-an-\-ep-I-fpw tIm-So-iz-c³-amcpw B-Ip-t¼mÄ \-½p-sS cmPyw F-hn-sS-bm-Wv F-¯n-\nÂ-¡p¶Xv?

]m¿-e-sa‚v˛64

A-Sn-®-a¿-Ø-en-\pw hn-t[-b-am-bn-cp-∂n-s√-¶n¬ a-√m-lv Pm-Xn-bn-se \n¿[-\ Ip-Spw-_-Øn¬ P-\n-® ^q-e≥-tZ-hn H-cn-°-epw tXm-°v ssI-bn-se-Sp°p-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. Pm-Xn-hy-h-ÿ D-®n-bn¬ \n-e-\n-∂ A-dp-]-Xp-I-fn-se Hcp Z-en-Xv Ip-Spw-_w t\-cn-tS-≠n-h-∂ F-√m bm-X-\-Iƒ-°pw ^q-e-s‚ IpSpw-_-hpw hn-t[-b-am-sb-∂-Xm-Wp hm-kv-X-hw.

bp.Fw. ap-Jv-Xm¿ [y-{]-tZ-in-se N-º¬ \-Zo-Xm-gv-h-c-bn¬ 1983 s^-{_p-h-cn-bn-se H-cp kmbw-k-‘y. ap-Jy-a-{¥n A¿-Pp≥-kn-Mpw `n-≠v Pn-√m t]m-en-kv kq-{]-≠v cm-tP-{μ N-Xp¿-th-Zn-bpw a-‰v D-∂-X D-tZym-K-ÿ-cpw ]-Xn-\m-bn-c-tØm-fw h-cp-∂ P-\-°q-´-hpw Xm-gv-h-c-bn¬ Im-Øp-\n¬-°m≥ Xp-S-ßn-bn-´v G-sdbm-bn-√. \-s√m-cp kzo-I-c-W-®-S-ßn-s‚ {]-Xo-Xn-bm-W-hn-sS. D-®-`m-jnWn-bn-eq-sS H-gp-Ip-∂ ]m-´p-Iƒ-°p k-am-¥-c-am-bn B¿-∏p-hn-fn-I-fpw. P-\°q-´-Øn-\v A-`n-ap-J-am-bn hn-‘y-]¿-h-X-\n-c-I-tfm-Sp tN¿-∂p-≈ N-º¬°m-Sv. A-hn-sS-\n-∂v ]-cp-°≥ h-kv-{X-ß-f-Wn-™v B-bp-[-[m-cn-I-fm-b 12 ]p-cp-j≥-am-cpw A-h¿-°p ap-∂n¬ \m-bn-I-sb-t∂m-Ww H-cp kv-{Xo-bpw hcp-∂-Xp I-≠-tXm-sS B¿-∏p-hn-fn-I-fpw B-th-i-hpw k-Ωn-{i-hn-Im-c-߃°p h-gn-am-dp-∂p. X-Sn-®v, C-cp-\n-d-Øn-ep-≈ kv-{Xo-bp-sS A-c-bn¬ ITm-cbpw ssI-bn¬ tXm-°pw tXm-fn¬ _p-≈-‰v am-e-bpw. t]m-en-kv kq-{]-≠ns\-t∏m-se tXm-∂n-∏n-°p-∂ th-j-am-bn-cp-∂p bp-h-Xn-bp-tS-Xv. tIm-´n-\p ap-I-fn¬ Np-h-∂ jmƒ, ssI-Ø-≠-bn¬ sh-≈n-h-f-bpw s\-‰n-bn¬ h-enb Np-h-∂ s]m-´pw. km-bp-[-kw-Lw ap-Jy-a-{¥n-°p ap-ºn-se-Øm-dm-bn. kv-X-œ-cm-bn-\n-∂ B-bn-c-ß-sf km-£n-bm-°n kw-L-Øn-s‚ \m-bn-I B-bp-[w ap-Jy-a-{¥n-°p ap-∂n¬ h-®v Io-g-S-ßn. ^q-e≥-tZ-hn-bm-bn-cp-∂p B bp-h-Xn. H-tc-k-a-bw `-c-W-h¿-K-Øn-\pw Pm-Xn-hy-h-ÿ-bv-°pw F-Xn-tc t]m-cm-Sp-I-bpw Pm-Xn-]o-U-\-߃-°n-cbm-b-h-cp-sS B-th-i-am-hp-I-bpw sN-bv-X, N-cn-{Xw sIm-≈-°m-cn-bpw sIme-]m-X-In-bp-am-bn ap-{Z-Ip-Øn-b kv-{Xo. Iq-sS-bp-≈-h¿ A-h-cp-sS A-\pbm-bn-I-fpw. h-[-in-£ hn-[n-°n-s√-∂ D-d-∏n-em-Wv ^q-e≥ Io-g-S-ßn-b-Xv. F-´p-h¿jw hn-Nm-c-W-bn-√m-sX P-bn-en¬ In-S-∂p. ]n-s∂-sb-√mw s]-s´-∂m-bn-cp∂p. hn-hm-l-am-bn, Ip-Spw-_-am-bn. k-am-Pv-hm-Zn ]m¿-´n Aw-K-am-bn 1996epw 99epw tem-Iv-k-`-bn-se-Øn. km-aq-ln-I-{]-h¿-Ø-\-ß-fn¬ k-Po-h-am-bn. A-t∏m-gpw `-c-W-h¿-K-hpw D-∂-X-Pm-Xn-°m-cpw A-h-sc kw-i-bn-°m-Xn-cp∂n-√. kw-i-bw A-h-km-\w sh-Sn-bp-≠-bp-sS cq-]-Øn¬ ^q-e-s‚ Po-hs\-Sp-Øp. 2001 Pq-sse c-≠n-\v ]m¿-e-sa‚ v a-μn-c-Øn¬-\n-∂v A-c-°n-temao-‰¿ am-{Xw A-I-se-bp-≈ h-k-Xn-°p ap-∂n¬ aq-∂w-K-k-L-Øn-s‚ shSn-tb-‰v X-Zv-£-Ww a-cn-®p.

tdm-_n≥-lp-Upam¿

A-gn-a-Xn, ssew-Kn-I ]o-U-\w, sIm-e-]m-X-Iw Xp-S-ßn H-´p-an-° kw-`-h-ß-fn-epw I-gn-hp sX-fn-bn-®Bfm-Wv jn-_p tkm-d≥

sIm-≈-°m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p ^q-e≥tZ-hnsb-¶nepw k-`-bn-se-Øn-b ti-jw A-h¿-s°-Xn-tc tI-kp-I-sfm-∂p-an√m-bn-cp∂p

B¿.-sP.-Un. A-[y-£≥ em-ep{]-km-Zv bm-Z-hmWv P-\-{]m-Xn-\n-[y \n-b-a {]-Imcw Fw.-]n. ÿm-\w \-„-am-b B-Zy P-\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-

\nch-[n hym-P G-‰p-ap-´¬ tI-kp-I-fn¬ {]-Xn-bm-Wv _n.sP.]n t\-Xmhpw Kp-P-dmØv ap≥ a-{¥n-bpam-b A-an-Xv jm

ssh.F-kv.B¿. tIm¨-{K-kv t\-Xm-hv P-K≥-tam-l≥ sd-Õn H-‰ h¿-jw sIm-≠v 68 tIm-Sn cq-]-bm-Wv k-ºm-Zn-®Xv

t]m¿-_-¥-dn¬ \n-∂p Xn-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´ _n.sP.]n. t\-Xmhv hn-ج-`m-bv lm≥-kv 16 tI-kp-I-fn¬ {]-Xn-bm-Wv

Fw.F-¬.F. h-[w AS-°w ]-e sIm-e-t°-kp-I-fnepw {]-Xn-bm-Wv Ct∏mƒ tIm¨-{K- nep≈ ]-∏p- bmZhv

C¥y I-≠ G-‰hpw hen-b A-gn-a-Xn-I-fn¬ H∂m-b kv-s]{Œw tI-kn-se {]-Xn-bpw ap≥ tI-{μa-{¥nbpamb F cmP

^q-e≥-tZ-hn H-cp {]-Xo-Iw ^q-e≥-tZ-hn H-cp sIm-≈-°m-cn-bpw cm-{„o-b-t\-Xm-hpw am-{X-a-√, C¥y≥ ]m¿-e-sa‚w-K-ß-fp-sS H-cp {]-Xo-IwIq-Sn-bm-Wv. 50 I-´-h≥ P-bnen¬; 50 tIm-Sn I-´-h≥ a-{¥n-°-tk-c-bn-se-∂-Xv A-–p-∂m-kn¿ a-Av-Z-\nbp-sS H-cp ]-cn-lm-kw am-{X-a-√ C-∂v, A-sXm-cp bm-Ym¿-Yyw Iq-Sn-bm-Wv. 2Pn kv-s]-{Œw C-S-]m-Sn¬ 1.-75 e-£w tIm-Sn-bp-sS {I-a-t°-Sp \-S-∂-Xn-epw ]m¿-e-sa‚w-K-ß-fp-sS hn-am-\-bm-{Xm A-e-h≥-kv h-Ip-∏n¬ tI-h-ew e£-߃ "am-{Xw' X-´n-b-Xn-epw Fw.-]n-am-cp-sS t]-cp-Iƒ D-b¿-∂p. F sI B‚-Wn-sb-bpw a≥-tam-l≥ kn-Mn-s\-bpw t]m-ep-≈ cm-{„o-b-t\-Xm°ƒ C-cn-°p-∂ ]m¿-e-sa‚n¬ ^q-e≥-tZ-hn-bpw ]-∏p bm-Z-hpw ap-l-Ω-Zv j-lm-_p-±o-\pw jn-_p tkm-d-\pw ]-e-t∏m-gm-bn C-cp-∂n-´p-≠v. Im-]-Sy-hpw Xn≥-a-bpw \n-d-™ Pm-Xo-b-X-bp-sS-bpw ^yq-U-enkØn-s‚-bpw kr-jv-Sn-bm-Wv ^q-e≥-tZ-hn. sIm-Sn-b -]o-U-\-Øn-\pw

A-gn-a-Xn dn-]-ªn-Iv

F-\n-°pw th-Ww F-s‚ 1570 cq-]? c-≠mw bp.-]n.-F. k¿-°m-cn-s\ ]n-Sn-®p-Ip-ep-°n-b kv-s]-{Œw Ipw-`-tIm-W-t°-kv I-Øn-\n¬-s° C-˛-sa-bn¬ h-gn {]-N-cn-® £p-`n-X ]u-c≥-am-cp-sS H-cp k-tμ-i-ap-≠v: kv-s]-{Œw tI-kn¬ cm-Py-Øn-\v \-jv-Sw 17,50,00,00,00,000 (1.-75 e-£w tIm-Sn). 115 tImSn C-¥y-°m¿-°v Cu Xp-I ho-Xw-h-®m¬ H-cmƒ-°v 1,570 cq-]! 3.-5 tIm-Sn a-e-bm-fn-Iƒ-°p ho-Xw-h-®m¬ 50,720 cq-]! 100 cq-]-bp-sS t\m-´p-I-fm-°n H-cmƒ Cu Xp-I F-Æm≥-\n-∂m¬ h¿-j-ß-sf-Sp°pw! C-¥y-bn-se 115 tIm-Sn P-\-߃-°v c-≠p-cq-] \n-c-°n¬ H-cpZn-h-kw A-cn sIm-Sp-Øm¬ Xp-S¿-®-bm-bn c-≠p-h¿-j-hpw H-cp-amk-hpw Cu ]-Ww-sIm-≠v A-cn \¬-Imw. A-Xn-\m¬ C-¥y-°m-c\m-b F-\n-°v F-s‚ hn-ln-X-am-b 1,570 cq-] e-`n-t® Xo-cq.-.-.

C-¥y≥ Fw.-]n-am-cn-se Ip-‰-Ir-Xy-Øn-s‚ tXm-Xpw Ip-‰-Ir-Xy-Øn-s‚ kz-`m-h-hpw c-k-I-c-am-Wv. A-gn-a-Xn-bm-tcm-]-W-am-Wv `q-cn-`m-Kw cm-{„o-bt\-Xm-°ƒ-s°-Xn-tc-bpw D-b-cm-dp-≈-Xv. F-¶n-epw sIm-Spw-Ip-‰-hm-fn-I-fmbn hn-ti-jn-∏n-°-s∏-Sm-dp-≈ ap-l-Ω-Zv j-lm-_p-±o-\pw ]-∏p bm-Z-hn-\pw ^q-e≥-tZ-hn-°pw F-Xn-tc A-gn-a-Xn-t°-kp-Iƒ C-√. sIm-e-]m-X-I-ßfpw X-´n-s°m-≠p-t]m-I-ep-am-Wv C-h¿-s°-Xn-cm-b {]-[m-\ B-tcm-]-W߃. F-∂m¬, Fw.-]n-bm-b ti-jw ^q-e≥-tZ-hn-s°-Xn-tc C-Ø-cw tIkp-I-fp-≠m-bn-´n-√. F-∂m¬ A-gn-a-Xn, ssew-Kn-I ]o-U-\w, sIm-e-]m-XIw, X-´n-s°m-≠p-t]m-h¬ Xp-S-ßn H-´p-an-° kw-`-h-ß-fn-epw I-gn-hp sXfn-bn-®-bm-fm-Wv jn-_p tkm-d≥. ho-c-∏≥ k-Xy-aw-K-ew h-\-Øn-se-bpw k-ao-]-sØ-bpw {Km-ao-W¿-°v H-cp tdm-_n≥-lp-Uv B-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂p tI-´n-´p-≠v. ^q-e≥-tZ-hn-bpw ap-lΩ-Zv j-lm-_p-±o-\pw G-d-°p-td tdm-_n≥-lp-Up-am-cm-bn-cp-∂p. h≥-In-S P≥-an-I-sf sIm-≈-b-Sn-® ]-Ww ^q-e≥-tZ-hn {Km-ao-W¿-°p \¬-In-bn-cp∂p. N-º¬-°m-Sn-s\ hn-d-∏n-® ^q-e≥-tZ-hn-bp-sS t]-cv F-gp-]-Xp-I-fp-sS A-h-km-\w Pm-´v t\-Xm-°ƒ-°pw cm-{„o-b-°m¿-°pw t]-Sn-kz-]v-\-am-bn-cps∂-¶n-epw A-hn-S-sØ {Km-ao-W¿-°v A-h¿ A-ß-s\-bm-bn-cp-∂n-√. Ah¿-°v ^q-e≥-tZ-hn lo-tdm-bn≥ B-bn-cp-∂p. Io-g-S-ßm≥ \n-›-bn-® Zn-hkw N-º¬ \-Zo-Xm-gv-h-c-bn¬ A-ß-s\-bm-Wv B-bn-c-°-W-°n-\v A-\pbm-bn-Iƒ B¿-∏p-hn-fn-°m-s\-Øn-b-Xv. k-Xy-aw-K-e-sØ B-Zn-hm-kn-Iƒ-°v ho-c-∏≥ Im-´p-I-≈-t\m sIm-≈°m-c-t\m B-bn-cp-∂n-√. A-h¿-°p ho-c-∏≥ ]-tcm-]-Im-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. _nlm-dn-se kn-h≥ a-fi-e-Øn-se-Øn-b-t∏mƒ ap-l-Ω-Zv j-lm-_p-±o≥ F∂ cm-{„o-b-t\-Xm-hn-s\-°p-dn-®v \-√-Xp am-{X-ta tIƒ-°m-\p-≠m-bn-cp∂p-≈q-sh-∂v cm-{„o-b-\n-co-£-I-\m-b F≥ B¿ sam-l-¥n F-gp-Xn-bn-´p≠v. j-lm-_p-±o-s\-Xn-sc-tbm A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ A-Sp-Ø A-\p-bm-bn-Iƒs°-Xn-sc-tbm kv-{Xo-I-sf am-\-`w-K-Øn-\n-c-bm-°n-b H-cp tI-kv t]m-ep-ans√-∂v A-t±-lw ]-d-bp-∂p. ]-Øn-te-sd ]n-Sn-®p-]-dn tI-kp-I-fn¬ j-lm_p-±o≥ {]-Xn-bm-Wv. ]-t£, _n-lm-dn-se km-[m-c-W-°m-c-s\ A-t±-lw sIm-≈-b-Sn-®n-√. Pm-Xn-bpw a-X-hpw t\m-°m-sX B¿-°p-th-W-sa-¶n-epw F-t∏m-gpw I-b-dn-s®-√m-a-s{X j-lm-_p-±o-s‚-b-Sp-tØ-°v. G-Xp ]-cm-Xn°pw D-S≥ ]-cn-lm-cw. B-h-iy-am-sW-¶n¬ D-tZym-K-ÿ¿-°p \n¿-tZ-iw. sh-dpw \n¿-tZ-i-a-√, A-Xp sN-bv-tXm F-∂v A-t\z-jn-°p-I-bpw sN-øpw. ^q-e≥-tZ-hn-sb-t∏m-se Io-g-S-ßn-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ ho-c-∏-\pw H-cp-]-t£ cm{„o-b-Øn-se-Øp-I-bpw a¬-k-cn-®m¬ P-bn-°p-I-bpw sN-øn-s√-∂v B-cpI-≠p?

C-¥y≥ dn-]-ªn-°n-s‚ 64 h¿-j-ß-fp-sS N-cn-{Xw h≥ A-gn-a-Xn-bp-sSbpw cm-{„o-b-˛-A-t[m-tem-I-˛-am-^n-bm Iq-´p-sI-´n-s‚-bpw A-hn-ip-≤ N-cn{Xw-Iq-Sn-bm-Wv. A-[n-Im-c-Øn¬ h-∂-h¿ Nn-√n-°m-in-\p-t]m-epw cm-PyØn-s‚ Hu-tZym-Kn-I c-l-ky-߃ i-{Xp-cm-Py-Øn-\v H-‰n-s°m-Sp-Øp. cmPy-Øn-\p-th-≠n t]m-cm-Sn a-cn-®-h-sc A-S-°w-sN-øm≥ hm-ßn-b i-h-s∏´n-I-fp-sS t]-cn¬ t]m-epw A-gn-a-Xn \-S-∂p. Im¿-Kn-en¬ c-‡-km-£n-bmb ssk-\n-I-cp-sS Ip-Spw-_-Øn-\v Xm-a-kn-°m-\m-bn apw-ss_-bn¬ \n¿-an® B-Z¿-iv sI-´n-S-k-ap-®-b-Øn¬ cm-{„o-b-°m-cpw D-tZym-K-ÿ-cpw hm-kap-d-∏n-®v c-‡-km-£n-I-fp-sS hn-[-h-Iƒ-°v C-Sw-\¬-Im-Xn-cp-∂ kw-`-hØn¬ a-lm-cm-{„ ap-Jy-a-{¥n-b-S-°w {]-Xn-bm-Wv. A-º-Xp-Iƒ ap-X¬ A-gn-a-Xn km¿-h-{Xn-I-am-bn-cp-s∂-¶n-epw \-c-knwl-dm-hp k¿-°m-cn-s‚ Im-e-Øm-Wv A-gn-a-Xn-°v {]-^-j-\¬ kz-`m-hw ssI-h-∂-Xv. l-hm-e A-gn-a-Xn, _m-¶v Ipw-`-tIm-Ww, Hm-l-cn hn-‰-gn-°¬ Ipw-`-tIm-Ww, s]-t{Smƒ ]-ºv A-gn-a-Xn Xp-S-ßn hn-hn-[ t]-cp-I-fn¬ tImSn-I-fp-sS A-gn-a-Xn ]p-d-Øp-h-cm≥ Xp-S-ßn. sXm-Æq-dp-Iƒ h-sc A-gn-aXn-bp-sS Im-cy-Øn¬ tIm¨-{K- n-t\m-Sv a¬-k-cn-°m≥ B-cp-an-√m-Ø A-h-ÿ-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]n-∂o-Sv A-[n-Im-c-Øn-te-dn-b _n.--sP.--]n, 40 h¿jw-sIm-≠v tIm¨-{K-kv \-S-Øn-b A-gn-a-Xn sh-dpw A-©p-h¿-jw-sIm≠v \-S-Øn. tijw t]-Pv c-≠n¬ 

CMYK

CMYK

a

-


2

2014 P\p-hcn 26 Rm-b-¿

A-Ωmh-s‚ ÿn-cam-b Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Ø-emWv Xm≥ sN-øp-∂-sXm-∂pw i-cn-bm-hp-∂n-s√-∂ Nn-¥-bn-te-°v A-cp-¨-Ip-am-dn-s\ \bn-®Xv. A-tXm-sS Ah-s‚ B-fl-hn-izm-kw \-„-s∏´p. Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øepw am-\-kn-I ]n-cn-ap-dp-°hpw tcm-Kn-bm°n-b H-cm-fp-sS A-\p-`hIY

A§s\ A-cp¬-Ip-amÀ tcm-Kn-bmbn B

-Ip-e-X-bv-°v H-cp ap-J-—m-b-bp-s≠¶n¬ A-Xv A-cp¨-Ip-am-dn-s‚ apJ-—m-b-bm-bn-cn-°p-sa∂vv ]-et∏mgpw tXm-∂n-bn-´p≠v. Ah-s\ I-≠n´v Ct∏mƒ G-gp-h¿-jw I-gn™p. h-S-°m-t©-cn°-Sp-Øv F-hnsStbm B-W-v A-h-s‚ hoSv. AΩ-tbm-sSm-∏-am-Wv A-h≥ h-∂Xv. 19 h-b p≠v. F-t∏mgpw D-d-ßn-°n-S-°m-\m-bn-cp-∂p Ah-\v B-{Klw. D-W¿-∂n-cn-°p-∂-Xp-sIm≠m-Wt√m Nn-¥-Iƒ a-\- n-te-°p h-cp-∂Xv. Nn-¥Iƒ h-∂m¬ hn-Sm-sX Xp-S-cpw. a-\- -am[m-\w F-¥m-sW-∂v A-dn-™n-´n-s√-∂m-Wv A-h≥ ]-d-™-Xv. _- n¬ I-b-dn-bm¬ Nn-¥ ap-gp-h≥ _-kv C-Sn-®p a-dnbp-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn-®m-bn-cn-°pw. Cu Nn-¥-tbm-Sv a√n-´v C-d-tß-≠ kv-t‰m-∏v a-d∂pt]m-hpw. kn-\n-a I-≠m¬ A-Xn-ep-≈ Zpx-J-Icam-b G-sX-¶nepw cw-Kw a-\- n¬\n∂pw t]m-hm-sX amk-ß-tfm-fw Ah-s\ A-e-´ns°m-≠n-cn-°pw. B-Im-i-Zq-Xv F-∂ kn\n-a Ft∂m I-≠-Xn-\p-ti-jw h¿j-ß-tfm-fw ZpxJn-®p \-S-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn-®v A-cp¨-Ip-am¿ ]-d™p. Nn-e-t∏mƒ kz-¥w ]m-Z-߃ ]-cp-]-cpØ X-d-bn-en-´v i‡n-tbm-sS D-c-®p-sIm-≠n-cn°p-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn-®mhpw Nn-¥. b-Ym¿-YØn¬ Aß-s\ sN-øp-tºmƒ A-\p-`-h-s∏-Sp∂ th-Z-\bpw A-tem-k-chpw A-\p-`-hn-®v Ah≥ I-tk-c-bn-en-cp-∂v sR-fn-]n-cn-sIm-≈pw. IØn- I-≠m¬ A-sX-Sp-Øv A-Ωsbtbm at‰m Ip-Øp-∂ Nn-¥-bm-bn-cn°pw ]n-Sn-Iq-Sp-I. Aß-s\ Ip-Øm-Xn-cn-°m≥ C-SXp-ssI-sIm≠v h-e-XpssI ap-dp-°n-∏n-Sn-°pw. Xm-\-dn-bmsX Xm≥ IpØptam F-∂-Xm-bn-cn°pw A-hs‚ `bw. B-sc-¶n-epw C-cp-∂ I-tk-c-bn¬ Ccn-t°-≠n-h-cp-tºmƒ A-cp¨-Ip-am¿ B-sI ]c-h-i-\m-hpw. Itk-c A-h≥ Xp-S-®p-sIm-≠n-cn°pw. Xp-S-®p Xr-]v-Xnh-cm-sX \n-∂p Ip-g-ßp∂ A-cp¨-Ip-am¿ Xp-S-bv-°¬ \n¿-Øp-I, Xs‚ {]-hr-Øn B-sc-¶nepw Im-Wp-∂p-s≠-∂p h-∂m-emWv. Xp-S-bv-°¬ \n¿-Øn-bmepw Xp-S®-Xp i-cn-bm-bn-s√-∂ Nn-¥ D-≈n¬ A-e-™psIm-≠n-cn-°pw. B Nn¥-sb H-gn-hm-°m≥ Ah≥ ssI-Iƒ ho-in-s°m-≠n-cn-°pw. h-gn-bn-eq-sS \-S-°p-tºmƒ H-cp \m-b A-cnIn-eq-sS t]m-bm¬ aXn, A-Xp I-Sn-®n-´p-≠mhptam F-∂ Nn-¥ Ah-s\ ]n-Sn-Iq-Sm≥ Xp-Sßpw. h-gn-bn¬ I-≠-h-cm-sc-¶nepw "F-hn-sS t]m-hp-∂p' F-∂p tNm-Zn-®m¬ ]n-s∂ a-dp]-Sn ]-d-bp-I-sb∂-Xv Ah-\v H-cp a-lm-{]-iv-\amWv. "Rm≥ I-S-bn-te-°mWv' Ft∂m a-t‰m ]-d-™m¬ A-h≥ AXvv H-cn-°¬°q-Sn D≈n¬ ]-d-bpw. i-cn-bm-bn-s√-∂p tXm-∂pw. At∏mƒ H-cn-°¬°q-Sn D-≈n¬ ]-d-bpw. AXnepw Xr-]v-Xn-h-cn√. ]n-s∂ A-XpX-s∂ D≈n¬ ]-d-™p-sIm-≠p -\-S-°pw. ]n-s∂ ]n-dp]n-dp-Øp-sIm-≠m-Wp \-S-°pI. ssI-Iƒ ]-e \n-e-I-fn¬ hoin, ]n-dp-]n-dpØp-sIm-≠v \-S-°p-∂ A-cp¨-Ip-am-dn-s\ I≠m¬ ap-gp-{`m-¥-\m-sW-∂m-Wp tXm-∂p-I.

t]Pv H-∂v Xp-S¿® 

2005 Un-kw-_-dn¬ ]m¿-e-sa‚n¬ tNm-Zyw tNm-Zn-°m-\m-bn 11 Fw.-]n-am¿ ssI-°q-en B-hiy-s∏-´-Xp hn-hm-Z-am-bn-cp-∂p. kw-`-h-Øn¬ 10 Fw.-]n-am-sc ]p-d-Øm-°n-bn-cp-s∂-¶n-epw ssI°q-en ]p-d-Øp-sIm-≠p-h-∂ am-[y-a-{]-h¿-Ø-Isc th-´-bm-Sm-\pw {i-a-ap-≠m-bn. 2008se hn-izm-kthm-s´-Sp-∏n-\n-sS k-am-Pv-hm-Zn ]m¿-´n P-\-d¬ sk{I-´-dn-bm-bn-cp-∂ A-a¿-kn-Mv ]-Ww \¬-In Fw.]n-am-cp-sS thm-´v hm-ßm≥ {i-an-®-Xpw h≥ \m-Wt°-Sm-bn. P-\-tk-h-\w, cm-{„-]p-tcm-K-Xn Xp-S-ßnb ap-{Zm-hm-Iy-߃ cm-{„o-b-∏m¿-´n-Iƒ C-∂p ]mtS D-t]-£n-®p. cm-{„o-b-t\-Xm-°-sf P-\-߃ sh-dp-°m≥ Xp-S-ßn-b-Xpw sI-Pv-cn-hm-fn-s‚ Bw B-Zv-an ]m¿-´n-sb-∂ Bƒ-°q-´-Øn-\p ]n-∂m-se P-\w Iq-Sp-∂-Xpw A-ß-s\-bm-Wv. Fw.-]n-am-tcm Fw.-F¬.-F-am-tcm {In-an-\¬t°-kn¬ in-£n-°-s∏-´m¬ tIm-S-Xn in-£-hn-[n°p-∂ Zn-h-kw ap-X¬ ]m¿-e-sa‚ v/\n-b-a-k-`-bnse Aw-K-Xz-Øn¬-\n-∂v A-h¿ A-tbm-Ky-cm-hp-sa∂p hn-[n-bp-≠v. Im-en-Øo-‰ Ipw-`-tIm-W-t°kn¬ in-£n-°-s∏-´ B¿.-sP.-Un. A-[y-£≥ emep-{]-km-Zv bm-Z-hv ]p-Xn-b \n-b-a-{]-Im-cw Fw.-]n. ÿm-\w \-„-am-b B-Zy P-\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-sb-∂ hnti-j-W-Øn-\pw A¿-l-\m-bn.

sN-øp-∂ G-Xp -{]-hr-Ønbpw B-h¿-Øn-t°≠n-h-cp-sa-∂-Xp-sIm-≠v A-h≥ ]n-s∂ ]n-s∂ Np-cp-≠p-Iq-Sn ho-´n-en-cn-°m≥ Xp-Sßn. H-cp tPm-enbpw sN-øn√. kz-¥w h-kv{Xw A-e°m≥t]mepw I-gn-bn√. h-kv{Xw A-e-°m≥ Xp-S-ßn-bm¬ A-Xp Io-dp-∂-Xph-sc A-e-°ns°m-≠n-cn-°pw. A-cp¨-Ip-am-dn-s‚ ap-Ø—-\v CXp-t]m-se H-cp tcm-K-ap-≠m-bn-cp-s∂-∂v A-h-s‚ A-Ω ]d™p. H.kn.Un-bm-Wv A-cp¨-Ip-am-dn-s‚ tcm-K-sa∂v, a-t\m-tcm-K-ß-sf-°p-dn-®v

Fw. I-a-dp-±o≥

F-s¥-¶n-epw -A-dn-bp-∂-h¿-s°m-s° a-\ n-em-hpw. H.kn.Un. Nn-e-t∏mƒ kvIn-tkmt{^-\n-b-t]m-ep-≈ Kp-cp-X-camb sskt°m-kn-kv tcm-K-ß-fp-sS e£-Ww Im-Wn°pw. tcm-Kn ]n-dp-]n-dp-°p-∂-Xp-I-≠m¬ GtXm A-Zr-iy-i-‡n-I-tfm-Sv kw-km-cn-°pI-bm-sW-∂m-Wp tXm-∂p-I. kvIn-tkm-t{^\n-bm tcm-Kn-Iƒ Aß-s\ kw-km-cn-°mdp≠v. H.kn.Un. ]t£, e-Lp-a-t\m-tcm-Kßfp-sS K-W-Øn¬s∏-Sp-∂ tcm-K-amWv. acp-∂n√m-sX X-s∂ tcm-Kw ]q¿-W-am-bn amdp-Ibpw sN-øpw. ssk-t°m-kn-kv tcm-Kn-Iƒ-°v tcm-Kw -am-dW-sa∂v B-{K-l-ap-≠m-hn√. Xm≥ tcm-Kn-bmsW-∂v tcm-Kn-°p tXm-∂n√. tcm-K-sØ-°p-dn®v Dƒ-°mgv-N Im-Wn√. F-∂m¬, \yq-tdm-knkv C-\-Øn¬s∏-Sp-∂ H.kn.Un. t]m-ep≈ tcm-K-ap-≈-h¿-°v A-h-\-h-s\-°p-dn-®v \√ [mc-W-bp-≠m-bn-cn-°pw. tcmKw amd-W-sa∂ B{K-l-hp-ap-≠m-bn-cn-°pw. A-tX-ka-bw, Ah¿ \n- -lm-b-cp-am-bn-cn-°pw. tcm-K-am-bncn°pw A-h-cp-sS Zn-\N-cy \n-›-bn-°pI. H.kn.Un. tcm-K-Øn-\p ]n-∂n¬ ]-e-t∏mgpw tcm-Kn A-\p-`-hn-® am-\kn-I ]n-cn-ap-dp-°-Øns‚ H-cp N-cn{Xw Im-Wm-dp≠v. A-cp¨-Ip-am-dns‚ kw-km-c-Øn¬\n∂p Nne-Xv a-\- n-embn. G-gmw-¢m-kv ap-X¬ {]o-Un-{Kn h-sc A-cp¨Ip-am¿ ]Tn®-Xv A-Ωmh-s‚ ho-´n¬ \n-∂mWv. Ah-\v B-dp-hb -   - p-≈t- ∏mƒ Ah-s‚ A-—≥ a-cn-®n-cp∂p. A-Ωm-h≥ H-cp {]-tXy-I kz-`m-h°m-c\ - m-bn-cp∂p. A-cp¨-Ip-am-dn-s\ Ft∏mgpw Ip-‰s - ∏-Sp-Øpw. F-¥p-tPm-en sN-bvXmepw Aw-Ko-Ic - n-°n√. A-cp¨-Ip-am-dn-s‚ A—-s\ A-Ωmh-\v Xm¬-∏-cy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n√.

Ccpƒ hn-gpßpw Imew

]-tcXm-flm-hn-t\m-Sp--≈ ]-I A-cp¨-Ip-am-dns‚ ta¬ Xo¿-°p-∂Xp-t]m-se-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-Ωmh-s‚ sN-bv-XnIƒ. ho-´n-se km-lNcyw tam-i-am-bn-cp-∂-Xp-sIm-≠v A-Ω-tbm-Sv A-h≥ C-°m-cy-sam∂pw ]-d-™n√. am-\knI ]n-cn-ap-dp-°-sa√mw \n-»-–-am-bn k-ln®p. D-d-ßm≥ In-S-∂m¬ D-d-°w h-cn√. Hm-tcm-∂v Nn-¥n-®p In-S-°pw. I-em-Im-c∑mtcm X-ØzNn¥-I-tcm km-ln-Xy-Im-c∑m-tcm im-kv-{X⁄≥amtcm A√m-Ø-h¿-s°m-s° Dd-°w h-cm-Ø cm-{Xn-Iƒ `o-I-c-am-bn-cn-°pw. AΩmh-s‚ ho-´n¬ F√m-hcpw In-S-∂p-d-ßptºmƒ A-cp¨-Ip-am-¿ D-d-ßm-Xn-cn-°p-I-bmbn-cp∂p. t\-cw]p-e-cm≥ t\-c-Øm-bn-cn°pw Dd-°w h-cp-I. amk-ß-tfm-fw C-ß-s\-bm-bncp-s∂-∂v A-h≥ ]-d-™p. A-Ωmh-s‚ ÿn-cam-b Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-ج Xm≥ sN-øp-∂-sXm-∂pw i-cn-bm-hp-∂n-s√-∂ Nn-¥-bn-te-°m-Wv A-cp-¨-Ip-am-dn-s\ F-Øn®Xv. B-fl-hn-izm-kw \-„-s∏´p. H∂pw i-cnbm-hp-∂ns√∂ tXm-∂¬. {ItaW ssI-I-gpIp-∂Xpw Ip-fn-°p-∂Xpw h-kv-{X-a-e-°p∂Xpw H∂pw i-cn-bm-hp-∂ns√-∂ Nn-¥-bn-te°m-Wv Ah-s\ F-Øn-®Xv. Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øepw am-\kn-I ]n-cn-ap-dp-°hpw H.kn.Un. tcm-Knbm°n-b ]-Øn-e-[n-Iwt]-sc I-≠n-´p≠v. A—-t\m A-Ωm-bn-b-Ωtbm `¿-Ømthm H-s°bmhmw Ip-‰-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv. tcm-Kw h-cm-\m-hiyam-b a-\-»co-c ÿn-Xnbpw C-h¿-°p-≠mbn-cn-°pw. hy-‡n°vv B-fl-hn-izm-kw \¬-ImØ km-aqln-I˛cm-{„o-b {I-a-Øn-\I-Øv Pohn-t°-≠n-h-cp-∂ hy-‡n-Iƒ-°v H.kn.Un. tcm-K-km-[y-X-bp-≠v. A-an-Xam-b a-X-hn-izmk-ap-≈-h-cnepw Cu tcm-Kw Im-Wm-dp-≠v. A\u-]-Nm-cn-Iam-b H-cp ]T-\-Øn¬ tI-c-fØn¬ H.kn.Un. tcm-Kn-I-fp-sS F-Æw h¿-[n®p-h-cp-∂-Xm-bn I≠p. hn]-Wn a-\p-jy-hy‡nsb \n¿-ho-cy-\m°p-∂ ÿnXn Cu tcm-KØn-\-\p-Iq-e-am-Wv. _p≤-a-XX-Øz-ß-f-\p-k-cn-®p-≈ "hn-]- \-[ym-\w' A-cp¨-Ip-am-dn-s\ ]Tn-∏n®p. sNøp-∂ {]-hr-Øn-bn¬ a-\- pd-®p\n¬-°m≥ A-Xp k-lm-bn®p. kn-d-t´m-Wn≥ A-Sßn-b ]-g-ßfpw [m-\y-ßfpw D]-tbm-Kn-®p≈ ssh‰-an≥ sX-dm-∏nbpw sNbvXp. X-s‚ Nn-¥Ifpw B-h¿-Øn-®p-≈ {]-hr-Øn-Ifpw H-_vsk-j-\p-I-fpw Iw-]¬-j-\p-I-fp-am-sW-∂v A-h-s\ t_m-[y-s∏-SpØn. hn-jm-Z-tcm-K-Øn\p sIm-Sp-°p-∂ F-kv.F-kv.B¿.sF. C-\Øn¬-s∏-Sp-∂ Hu-j-[-ßfpw ss{S-ssk-¢n-Mv C-\-Øn¬s∏-Sp-∂ t¢m-an-{]-ao≥ Xp-Sßn-b acp-∂p-Ifpw Cu- tcm-K-Øn-\v ssk-Iym-{Sn-kv‰p-Iƒ \¬-Im-dp≠v. ]t£, tcm-K-e£-Ww Im-cy-am-bn Ip-d-bm-dn√. Nn-e-t∏mƒ B‚nssk-t°m-´nIv Hu-j-[-ßfpw \¬-Im-dp-s≠¶nepw Hu-j-[-߃ H∂pw X-s∂ A-{X ^-e{]-Za√. s{_-bn≥-tem-°v sX-dm-∏n-bn-eq-sS A-cp¨-Ip-am-dn-s‚ tcm-Kw ]q¿-W-am-bn am‰m≥ Ign-™p. „

_n.-sP.-]n. tZ-io-b P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dn-bpw Kp-P-dmØv ap≥ a-{¥n-bp-am-b A-an-Xv jm F-∂n-h-scms°-bpw P-\m-[n-]-Xy-Øn-s‚ a-d-hn¬ ]-Xn-™n-cn°p-∂ sIm-Spw {In-an-\-ep-I-fm-Wv. a-lm-cm-{„-bnse in-h-tk-\m t\-Xm-°-fp-sS tbm-Ky-X X-s∂ {In-an-\¬ ]-›m-Ø-e-am-Wv. t]m¿-_-¥-dn¬ \n∂p Xn-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´ hn-ج-`m-bv lm≥-kv cmPv `m-bv cm-[m-Zn-b 16 tI-kp-I-fn¬ {]-Xn-bm-Wv. tIm¨-{K- n-epw _n.-sP.-]n-bn-epw {]-h¿-Øn-®bm-fm-Wv hn-ج-`m-bv. B-{‘-{]-tZ-iv `-cn-® tIm¨-{K-kv t\-Xm-hmWv ssh F-kv cm-P-ti-J-c sd-Õn F-∂ ssh Fkv B¿. A-gn-a-Xn-bp-sS I-d]p-c-fm-Ø-bm-fm-Wv ssh F-kv B¿ F-∂m-Wp h-bv-]v. aq-∂p-h¿-jw apºv ssh F-kv B¿ sl-en-tIm-]v-‰¿ A-]-I-SØn¬ a-cn-®p. ]n-∂o-Sv a-I≥ P-K≥-tam-l≥ sd-Õnbp-sS h-c-hm-bn. 2004¬ ssh F-kv B¿ B-Zyw apJy-a-{¥n-bm-b Im-e-Øv P-K≥ B-Zm-b-\n-Ip-Xn hIp-∏n-\v k-a¿-∏n-® dn-t´-Wn¬ B-kv-Xn-bm-bn ImWn-®n-cp-∂-Xv 60 e-£-Øn¬ Xm-sg-bm-bn-cp-∂p. PK-s‚ B-sI B-kv-Xn H-º-Xp-e-£w. Ip-Spw-_-Øn\v sam-Øw 50 e-£-hpw. 2010¬ B-kv-Xn 362 tImSn cq-]-bm-bn D-b¿-∂p. B-dp-sIm-√w-sIm-≠v A™q-tdm-fw C-c-´n h¿-[-\. 2011¬ A-Xv 430 tIm-Sn cq-]-bm-bn ]n-s∂-bpw h¿-[n-®p. H-‰-h¿-jw-sIm-≠v 68 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS h¿-[-\.

{In-an-\¬ ]m¿-e-sa‚v

P-\-tk-h-\-Øn-\p-≈ {]-Xn-^-ew

tem-Iv-k-`-bn-se 543 Aw-K-ß-fn¬ 153 t]¿ {Inan-\¬-°p-‰w B-tcm-]n-°-s∏-´-h-cm-Wv. {In-an-\¬ ]-›m-Ø-e-ap-≈ Fw.-]n-am-cp-sS F-Æ-Øn¬ _n.sP.-]n-°m-Wv H-∂mw-ÿm-\w. ]m¿-´n-bp-sS 116 temIv-k-`mw-K-ß-fn¬ 43 t]¿ hn-hn-[ tI-kp-I-fn¬ {]Xn-I-fm-Wv. 204 Aw-K-ß-fp-≈ tIm¨-{K- n-s‚ 41 Fw.-]n-am¿-s°-Xn-tc tI-kp-Iƒ \n-e-hn-ep-≠v. kam-Pv-hm-Zn ]m¿-´n-bp-sS 23¬ H-º-Xp-t]-cpw in-h-tk\-bp-sS 11 Aw-K-ß-fn¬ F-´p-t]-cpw _n.-F-kv.-]nbp-sS 21¬ B-dpw Ip-‰-hm-fn-I-fm-Wv. Pm¿-J-fiv ap‡n tam¿-®-bp-sS c-≠v Fw.-]n-am-cpw {In-an-\-ep-Ifm-Wv. ]m¿-´n t\-Xm-hv jn-_p tkm-d≥ G-‰-hpw hen-b {In-an-\¬ ]-›m-Ø-e-ap-≈ cm-{„o-b-°m-c-\mWv.- D-Ø¿-{]-tZ-iv, a-lm-cm-{„, _n-lm¿, B-{‘{]-tZ-iv, Kp-P-dm-Øv F-∂o kw-ÿm-\-ß-fn¬-\n∂p-≈ 236 Fw.-]n-am-cn¬ 42 i-X-am-\w-t]-cpw {In-an\¬-t°-kp-I-fn¬ {]-Xn-I-fm-Wv. D-Ø¿-{]-tZ-in¬ \n-∂v Xn-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´ Fw.-]n-am-cn¬ 40 i-X-am\-hpw {In-an-\¬-t°-kn¬ A-I-s∏-´-h-cm-Wv. a-lmcm-{„-bn¬ C-Xv 50 i-X-am-\-Øn-\-Sp-Øm-Wv.

]m¿-e-sa‚n¬ bm-sXm-cp F-Xn¿-∏p-an-√m-sX ]mkm-°p-∂ H-tc-sbm-cp _n-√v Fw.-]n-am-cp-sS i-º-fh¿-[-\-bm-Wv. {]-Xn-am-kw 50,000 cq-]-bm-Wv H-cp Fw.-]n-bp-sS i-º-fw. kn-‰n-Mv ^o-kv 2,000 B-Wv. afi-e A-e-h≥-kv 40,000. \m-ep-e-£w cq-]-bm-Wv bm-{Xm-_-Ø. s]≥-j≥ 20,000 cq-]. ko-Xm-dmw sb®q-cn am-{X-am-Wv i-º-f-h¿-[-\-sb A-\p-Iq-en-°mXn-cp-∂ ]m¿-e-sa‚w-Kw. 70 tIm-Sn-bn-te-sd P-\-ßfp-sS Zn-h-k h-cp-am-\w 30 cq-]-bn¬ Xm-sg-bp-≈ Hcp cm-Py-Øv 30 ap-X¬ 36 e-£w cq-] h-sc-bm-Wv Hcp tem-Iv-k-`mw-K-Øn-\p th-≠n H-cp-h¿-jw s]mXp-J-P-\m-hn¬-\n-∂v sN-e-hm-°p-∂-Xv. i-º-fw, U¬-ln-bn-se Xm-a-kw, `m-cy-sb-tbm (`¿-Øm-hns\-tbm) ss{]-h-‰v sk-{I-´-dn-sb-tbm Iq-´n s{S-bn\n¬ H-∂mw ¢m-kn-epw hn-am-\-Øn¬ _n-kn-\-kv ¢m-kn-ep-ap-≈ bm-{X-Iƒ, ssh-Zyp-Xn-˛-sS-ent^m¨ _n-√p-Iƒ A-S-°-ap-≈ Kr-l-˛-Hm-^n-kv sN-e-hp-Iƒ F-√mw tN¿-∂v 85,51,000 tIm-Sn cq-]bm-Wv A-©p-h¿-j-tØ-°v 543 Aw-K-߃-°v cmPyw sN-e-h-gn-°p-∂-Xv. „

_n-lm¿ \n-b-a-k-`-bn¬\n-∂p {]-Xn-]-£ Fw.-F¬.-F-am-sc k-kv-s]≥Uv sN-bv-X-Xn-¬ {]-Xn-tj-[n®v ]q-®-´n-Iƒ F-dn-™p-Sbv-°p-∂ tIm¨-{K-kv Fw.-F¬.-F. tPym-Xn tZ-hn-sZ

tI-c-f-Øn-se B-dv tem-Iv-k-`mw-K-߃-s°-Xn-tc tI-kp-Iƒ \n-e-hn-ep-s≠-¶n-epw A-h-sb-√mw cm{„o-b-kw-L¿-j-ß-fp-sS ]-›m-Ø-e-Øn-ep-≈Xm-Wv. 153 Aw-K-ß-fn¬ 84 t]¿ I-Sp-Ø in-£ A¿-ln-°p-∂ Ip-‰w B-tcm-]n-°-s∏-´-h-cm-Wv. sX-fn-hp-I-fp-sS A-`m-hw-aq-ew in-£-I-fn¬-\n-∂v H-gn-hm-°-s∏-´ Ip-‰m-tcm-]n-X-cp-sS F-Æw Iq-Sn IW-°n-se-Sp-Øm¬ C-Xp k-¶¬-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-epw h-ep-Xm-hpw. kn-Jv hw-i-l-Xy-bp-sS tNm-c-]p-c-≠ tIm¨{K-kv t\-Xm-°-fm-b P-K-Zo-jv ssS-‰v-e¿, k-÷≥Ip-am¿, kp-lv-d-_p-±o≥ si-bv-Jv-˛-{]-Pm-]-Xn Xp-Sßn-b hym-P G-‰p-ap-´¬ tI-kp-I-fn¬ {]-Xn-bm-b

lrZb tXPkv Sn.sI. B-‰-t°mb

C-¥y-sb ho-s≠-Sp-°m≥ ] - ª - n-Iv Zn-\h - p-am-bn _-‘s - ∏-´ \n-ch-[n kw-`-h-߃ N-cn-{X-Øn¬-\n∂p hm-bn-s®-Sp-°m-\m-hpw. tkm-a\ - mY em-ln-cn H-cp I-Y ]-d-™p-X-cp-∂p-≠v: ""1929 Un-kw-_¿ 31\v ]m-Xn-cm-hn¬ R߃ c-hn-\-Zn-bp-sS Xo-c-Øv H-Øp-tN¿∂p. kzm-X-{¥y-sØ-°p-dn-® Xp-Sp-Ø {]Xo-£I - ƒ R-ßf - p-sS lr-Zb - ß - s - f hn-Imc-Xc - f - n-Xa - m-°n-bn-cp-∂p. I-cp-Øp-‰ hn-Nm-cß-fpw Zr-V\ - n-›b - h - pw R-ßf - p-sS a-\  - pI-sf Pz-en-∏n-®p-\n¿-Øn. A-Xn-ssi-XyØn-\p R-ßf - p-sS B-th-is - Ø sI-Sp-Øn°-f-bm-\m-bn-√. \n-i-bp-sS \n-»-–-X-sb t`-Zn-®p-sIm-≠p-≈ R-ßf - p-sS ap-{Zm-hm-Iy߃ N-{I-hm-fß - f - n¬ {]-Iº - \ - ß - f - p-≠m°n. ]T-\-Øn-eq-sS-bpw a-\-\-Øn-eq-sSbpw kw-hm-Z-ß-fn-eq-sS-bpw R-߃ H-cp bm-Ym¿-Yyw a-\  - n-em-°n-bn-cp-∂p. km-{amPy-Xz-am-Wv cm-Py-Øn-s‚ G-‰-hpw h-en-b i-{Xp F-∂X - m-bn-cp-∂p B k-Xyw. km-{amPy-Xz-Øn¬-\n-∂p-≈ tam-N-\w F-√m C¥y-°m-cs - ‚-bpw A-hI - m-ia - m-Wv. c-hn-\Z- nsb km-£n-\n¿-Øn R-߃ {]-Xn-⁄sb-Sp-Øp. P-\p-hc - n 26 dn-]ª - n-Iv Zn-\a - m-bn B-N-cn-°m≥ Xo-cp-am-\-ap-≠m-bn. 1857¬ _-l-Zq¿-jm k-^-dn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ B-cw-`n-® A-[n-\n-th-ih - n-cp-≤ k-ac - ß - f - mbn-cp-∂p A-Xn-\v {]-tNm-Z\ - a - m-bX - v.'' kz-X-{¥-am-b C-¥y ]n-∂o-Sv dn-]-ªn°m-bn. `-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-I-sf Xn-c-s™-Sp°m≥ A-[n-Im-c-ap-≈ ]u-c-k-aq-l-tØmSp-Iq-Sn-b, `-c-W-L-S-\-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b H-cp cm-Py-am-bn C-¥y. a-X-]-c-am-b ]-c-kv-]-c _-lp-am-\w, km-aq-ln-I-am-b C-W-°w, kmw-kv-Im-cnI-am-b k-l-h¿-Øn-Xzw F-∂n-h ]u-cmWn-I C-¥y-bp-sS k-hn-ti-j-X-I-fm-bncp-∂p. k-ao-I-c-W-Øn-s‚ Cu ]m-c-ºcyw kzm-X-{¥ym-\-¥-cw cm-Py-Øn-\pw P\-߃-°pw am¿-K-Z¿-i-\w \¬-Im-\p-≈ B-i-bm-Sn-Ø-d-bm-bn a-tX-X-c-Xz-sØ kzo-I-cn-°m≥ {]-tNm-Z-\-am-bn h¿-Øn®p. k¿-h-[¿-a-`m-h-\-sb-t∂m [¿-a-\n-ct]-£-sa-t∂m hym-Jym-\n-°-s∏-Sp-∂ C¥y≥ a-tX-X-c-Xzw kzm-X-{¥y-Øn-s‚ B-Zn-Im-e-ß-fn¬ A-Xn-s‚ I-cp-Øp sXfn-bn-®p. k¿-h-hn-t[-\-bpw A-[n-\n-th-i i-‡n-Iƒ Zp¿-_-e-bm-°n-b C-¥y-bp-sS ]q¿-h-{]-Xm-]w ho-s≠-Sp-°m≥ a-tX-X-chm-Zn-I-fpw P-\m-[n-]-Xy-hm-Zn-I-fpw ]ptcm-K-a-t\-—p-°-fp-am-b t\-Xm-°-fp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ a-l-Øm-b ]-cn-{i-a-ß-fp≠m-bn. A-Xn-s‚ k-Zv-^-e-߃ Zr-iy-amhp-I-bpw sN-bv-Xn-´p-≠v. `-c-W-L-S-\ km-£m¬-°-cn-°m-\p-t±in-°p-∂ \n-c-h-[n e-£y-ß-fp-≠v. [m¿-

dn

an-I-am-b k-ao-]-\-Øn-s‚ A-`m-h-Øn¬ `-c-W-L-S-\ t\m-°p-Ip-Øn am-{X-am-bncn-°pw. D-Ø-aw F-∂p hn-ti-jn-∏n-°-s∏Sp-∂ `-c-W-L-S-\ A-Xp ssI-bm-fp-∂-hcp-sS ]n-Sn-∏p-tI-Sp-sIm-≠v G-‰-hpw {]tbm-P-\-c-ln-X-hpw Nn-e-t∏mƒ t{Zm-lI-c-hp-am-b H-∂m-bn X-cw-Xm-gm-sa-∂v Aw-t_-Zv-I¿ ]-d-bp-I-bp-≠m-bn. ssIbm-fp-∂-h-cp-sS hn-th-Iw-sIm-≠pw t\¿_p-≤n-sIm-≠pw ]-g-©-s\-t∂m D-]tbm-K-iq-\y-sa-t∂m I-cp-Xp-∂ \n-b-akw-ln-X-sb D-Ø-a-am-b H-∂m-°n-am‰m≥ I-gn-bp-sa-∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d-™p. k¿-hm-[n-]-Xy-Øn¬-\n-∂pw tkz-—m-[n]-Xy-Øn¬-\n-∂pw hn-tam-N-\w t\-Sm-\mbn P-\-߃ Aw-Ko-I-cn-® P-\m-[n-]-Xyhy-h-ÿ A-\m-im-ky-am-bn ]-cn-W-an°p-∂ km-l-N-cy-ß-sf-°p-dn-®v F-kv. cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥ ap-∂-dn-bn-∏p \¬-In-bn´p-≠v. `-c-W-Øn¬ k-Xy-k-‘¿-°pw hnZ-Kv-[¿-°pw ]-¶m-fn-Øw \n-tj-[n-°ptºm-gpw X-ß-fp-sS hn-izm-k-Øn-\pw Xm¬-∏-cy-Øn-\pw A-\p-k-cn-®v P-\-{]Xn-\n-[n-I-sf Xn-c-s™-Sp-°m≥ I-gn-hn√m-sX s]m-Xp-P-\-߃ N-´p-I-ß-fm-bnØo-cp-tºm-gpw `-c-W-L-S-\ N-{I-izmkw-h-en-°p-sa-∂pw A-t±-lw Xm-°o-Xv sN-bv-Xn-´p-≠v. `-c-W-L-S-\-sb-bpw tZio-tbm-Zv-{K-Y-\ I-Ωo-j-s\-bpw tIm-SXn-sb-bpw ]m¿-e-sa‚n-s\-bpw {]-Xn-k‘n-bn-em-°n-b C-¥y≥ `-c-W-I¿-Øm°-fp-sS sN-bv-Xn-I-sf-°p-dn-®v a-\p-jymh-Im-i-{]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-b cm-tP-{μ-]p-cn hn-i-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. km-º-Øn-I-am-b A-k-a-Xzw \n-e\n¬-°p-tºmƒ cm-{„o-b-k-a-Xzw bmYm¿-Yy-am-hp-I-bn-√-˛ s\-lv-dp ]-d-™p. \mw kzm-X-{¥yw kz-]v-\w-I-≠p. \-ap-°v cm-{„o-b-kzm-X-{¥yw I-c-K-X-am-bn. F∂m¬, a-‰-t\-Iw kzm-X-{¥y-߃ t\-Snsb-Sp-°m≥ C-\n-bpw _m-°n-bp-≠v. hn-a¿-i-I-cm-bpw Im-gv-N-°m-cm-bpw Im-ew-I-gn-°p-I kp-J-tem-ep-]-cp-sSbpw I-]-S-∑m-cp-sS-bpw C-„-hn-t\m-Z-ßfm-Wv. \m-Sn-s‚ Zp¿-K-Xn \-Ωp-sS Iq-Sn Zpjv-sN-bv-Xn-I-fp-sS ]-cn-W-Xn-bm-sWt∂m¿-°-Ww. C-¥y-sb ho-s≠-Sp-°m\pw ]p-\-ÿm-]n-°m-\p-ap-≈ {]-b-Xv-\ß-fn¬ \mw k-Po-h-am-bn ]-¶m-fn-I-fmh-Ww. kzm-X-{¥y-Øn-s‚ sh-fn-®-sØ∏-‰n G-sd hm-Nm-e-cm-Wp \mw. F-∂m¬, \-Ωp-sS kmw-kv-Im-cn-I-\n-e-hm-cw C-cp≠-Xpw `o-I-c-hpw a-eo-a-k-hp-am-Wv. kmw-kv-Im-cn-I-{]-_p-≤-X-bp-sS io-X-f—m-b-bn¬ am-{X-ta H-cp "dn-]-ªn-Iv' D≠m-hp-I-bp-≈q. „

Xmsg B-Im-iw... ta-se `q-an...

C. kp-tcjv


2014 P\p-hcn 26 Rm-b-¿

3

IY hmb\

C-μp-tI-jv Xr-∏-\-®n "U', "S',"V',"≠'...?? G-X£-cw h-®p-Io-d-W-sa-∂v D-®-sh-bn-en-s‚ D-®n-bn¬ G-Wm-¶-ti-cn ap-°n-se Nm-ba-°m-\n°-cn-In-en-cp-∂v A-£-c-am-e-bn-se A-£-c-߃ X-´n-°-fn-®n-cp-∂, ÿe-sØ _p-≤n-Po-hnbm-b D¬-∏-em£-\v I-Sp-Ø k-tμ-l-ap-≠m-bn. ""s‚ D∏v-tem, sP-¥m-≠m In-\m-hv ImWzm..?'' Nm-b-°-S-bn-se Im-fn-a-bn¬-\n∂v sam-bv-Xp-Æn°. ""Mvtl? ¥m∂mtSm A-a-cn-° C-dm-\n¬ t_mw-_n-´m..?'' ""A-X√n-°m, \-ΩpsS, ]p-Ø≥ho-´n-se `m¿-Kh-\nt√, Hm-s\ cm-hn-se t]m-en-kv ]n-Sn-t®m-≠p t]mbn.'' ""RΩ-sS ]-{XØn-sem-s° F-bp-Xp∂ B ]m-hw Ip-´o-t\ym?'' ""A-X-s∂‚n°m'' ""Hm-s\ C∂-se cm-{Xnw Iq-Sn RΩ-fv I-≠Xs√-tSm..?'' ""A-Xv C-∂-e-t√-∂v... C-Xn-t∏m C-∂p cmhnse Hm-s‚ ho-´n¬ h-®m-Wv. Hm-s‚ sI-t´ymsf Hm≥ ]o'Vn'∏n-®q-∂mWv tIkv.'' kw-K-Xn-bp-sS Kuc-hw Iq-´m-\m-bn "U' i-‡n-bm-bn D-®-cn-®mWv D¬-∏-em-£≥ kw`-hw hn-i-Zo-I-cn-®-Xv. ""tl-bv, C-°m C-Xv h-Ip-∏v th-sdbm. Ct∏m s]-Æpß-sf H-∂v sXm-´p, sXm-´n√ F-∂ a-´n-embmepw aXn. A-Xv ]o'V'\w X-s∂...! '' ""sP-¥m-≠m AX-s∂ a-{¥n-®q-≠n-cn-°v-Wv? B hm-°v ]-td-ºw ¥m A\-°v H-cpam-Xn-cn Xqdm≥ ap-´p-∂ t]mse? A-X-hn-sS \n-°s´, A\°v Cu km-[\w, "]o-S\w' F-hn-Sv-∂m-≠m In-´n-bXv?...'' ""A√m, ]-l-b-∑msc, C-ß-fn-ßs\ ]-c-kv]cw A-£-cam-e ]Tn-∏n-°msX, {]-iv-\¥m-∂v-®m ]-d-bo≥.'' "t{_-°n-Mv \yq-kv' h√-Xp-apt≠m F∂-dn-bm-\m-bn Nm-b-°-S-bn-te-°q-fn-bn-´ cm-a-∂mb¿ Xn-Sp-°-Øn-em-Wv. ""s‚ \mb-tc, ß-f-dn-™n-t√∂v, Ω-sf ]pØ≥ ho-´n-se B Ip-´o-t√, Hm-s\ Ft¥m t]mentkm ]´mtfm H-s° ]n-Sn-t®m-≠v t]m-b-s{X'' ""Hm-s‚ `m-tcy-s\ A-t∂mw sh-t≈mw H∂pw sIm-Sp-°msX, Hm≥ ]o...!! D-]-{Z-hn-°p-I-bm-bncp-∂q-∂m-Wv tI-kv.'' sam-bv-Xp-Æn°-sb t]-Sn-®n´mhWw D¬-∏-em-£≥ ]oV-\w F∂ ]-Zw hn-gpßn. ""-A√ ]-lb - ∑ - m-tc, C-Xnt∏m h√m-s≠ Iq-So-´v≠t√m Cu ]oS\w Cu-bn-sS-bm-bn´v? ∂m-ft- √-∂v Ω-sf, sIm-fs - ∏-c°-se Im-Zd - n-s‚ tam-s‚ sIt´ymfpw Cß-s\ tIkpw Iq-s´m-sam-s°-bmbn Hms\ th-≠m-∂v ]d-™v Hm-tfm-Sb - v° - v t]m-bXv? Hm-sf X-¥∏-Sn F-{tXym e-£w In-´W - w∂pw a‰pw ]-d™pw \-S° - vW - vS- v∂ - m-Wv tI-´Xv.'' cm-a≥ \mb¿ {]-iv\ - Ø - n-s‚ km-aq-ln-I˛km-ºØn-I h-iw ]cn-tim-[n°m\p≈ {i-aØ - n-em-Wv. ""tl-bv, s‚ \m-b-tc, AX√, ]o"V'\w ∂s∂ ]-d-bn≥... "V', V...! sI-´p-]p-≈o-≈...!! A√m-sX sh-dpw ]oS-\w A√...!!'' ˛ D¬-∏-em£≥ C-S-bv-°p I-bdn. ]q¿-Øn-bm-°p-∂-Xn-\p ap-ºp X-s∂ sam-bvXp-Æn-° D¬-∏-em£-s‚ t\¿-°p NmSn. ""l-av-t° H-∂v \n¿-ØtSm A-s‚ H-Sp-°sØm-cp sI-´p-ºp-≈n...!!'' ""sl-¥m-bmepw C-Xnt∏m s]-¶p-t´ymƒ-°v

Im-iv-≠m-°m≥ ]‰n-b ]-cn-]m-Sn-bm-∂m \n-bv-°v tXm-∂Wv. I-eym-W-Øn-s‚ ]p-Xp-a-tWmw s]m´pw s]m-Snbp-sam-s°-°-gn-™m ]n-s∂ sIt´ym-s‚ t]-cn-ev H-cp tI-kß-Sv sIm-Sp-°zm... ]ns∂, A-Xo-∂v In´v-W ]-Ww sIm-≠v th-sd Ieym-Ww I-gn-t°z...''˛cm-a-∂m-b¿-°v X-e-bv-°p]nSn-s®-∂v tXm-∂p-∂p. ""A√m≠m, ko-cnb- v X-s∂-bm-W-t√m! ¥mt∏m C-Xn-s\m-cp _bn?''- sam-bv-Xp-Æn-° tXm¿-Ø-gn-®v D-jv-Ww ho-in-b-I-‰p-∂-Xn-\n-Sbn¬ D¬-∏-em-£-t\m-Sv tNm-Zn-®p. ""F-¥p-hgn? C-\n tIkpw Iq-´zm-bn C-cp-Iq´cpw \-S°-Ww A-X-s∂...!'' ""A√m-≠m D-∏v -tem, Cu km[-\w X-∂-t√∂v RΩ-sS Io-gm¿-s\√oepw ap-Xn-tcep-sams° kw-`-hn-®Xv?''- sam-bv-Xp-Æn-°

sX-c-°p-ap≠v. Hm-sf sXm-´p Nm-cn Ft´m ]tØm h-b- p-≈ H-cp sN-°\pw. sN-°≥ I-d°p-∂ I-fn-∏m-´w sIm-≠v Ft¥m I-fn-°mWv. C-S-bv-°n-S-bv-°v s]-Æn-s‚ taØv Ifn-∏m´w ap´p-∂p≠v. sImd-®v I-gn-™ s]-¶p-´n tZ-jy-Ønev ]n-∂n-te-°v Xn-cn-™p ssI-tbm-ßn-sb¶nepw sN-tdy Ip-´n-bm-sW-∂v I-≠v A-S-ßn-. s‚ sam-bv-tXzm, Rm≥ I-cp-Xn B sN-°t\w ]o-S-t\mw s∂m-s° ]d-™v A-I-Øm-°o∂v''˛ X-\n-°p≠m-b H-c-\p`-hw cm-a-∂m-bcv hn-h-cn-®p. ""A√m-s‚ \m-btc, C-{]m-b-Ønepw ß-sf¥n-\m∂v Cu s]-¶p-t´ym-sf Cß-s\ kq-Nn®v t\m-°W-Xv?''˛sam-bv-Xp-Æn-° cm-a-∂m-b¿-°v A-d-kv-‰v hmd‚ v ]p-d-s∏-Sp-hn-®p. ""A√m, F√mcpw C-Xv It≠m, t\m-°n≥ ]-{X-Øn-ev \-s√m-cp hm¿Ø-≠.v C∂-se

hn.B¿.Pn.

Z

-£n-tW-jy-bn¬ \n-∂p-≠m-hp-∂ anI® t\m-h-en\v F√m- h¿-jhpw P-\ph-cn-bn¬ \-S-°p-∂ P-bv-]q¿ km-lntXym-¬k-h-tØm-S-\p-_-‘n-®p \¬-Ip∂ 50,000 bp.F-kv. tUm-f-dns‚ Un.Fkv.kn. ]p-c-kv-Im-cw H-cp a-e-bm-fn-bp-sS ssI-bn¬ ho≠pw F-Øn-s∏-Sm≥ km-[yX-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. I-gn-™- sIm√w Cu ]p-c-kv-Im-c-Øn-\v A¿-l-amb-Xv {]ap-J ]{X-{]-h¿-Ø-I≥ Sn.sP.F-kv. tPm¿-Pn-s‚ ]p-{X\pw A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂ C-t¥m˛Bw-•nb≥ I-hn-bpam-b Po-Xv X-ø-en-s‚ I∂nt\m-hem-b \m¿-tIm-t]m-fn-kv B-bn-cp∂p. C-Ø-hW-sØ Un.F-kv.kn. ]p-c-kvIm-c-Øn-s‚ A¥n-a ]-´n-I-bn¬ c-≠p a-ebm-f Ir-Xn-I-fp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p; c-≠p samgn-am-‰-Ir-Xn-Iƒ˛ B-\-μn-s‚ Z _p-°v Hm-^v Un-kv-{Sm-Ivj≥, s_-\ym-ans‚

]m-gv-kn k-aq-l-Øn-se ]m¿-iz-h¬-°-cn°-s∏-´ Jm-‘n-bm-kv F-∂ A--[xIr-Xhn`m-K-Øn-s‚ Po-hn-X-I-Y-bm-Wv C-Xp Nn{Xo-I-cn-°p-∂Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw \-·-am°n IgpI-\p `-£-W-am-bn \¬-Ip-I-bm-Wv ]m-gvkn-I-fp-sS k-{º-Zmbw. ]p-tcm-ln-X¿°pt]mepw {]-th-i-\-an√m-Ø C-Øcw ih-∏-d-ºp-I-fn-te-°v ar-X-tZ-lw F-Øn-°p∂-Xn-\p Np-a-X-es∏-´-h-cm-Wp Jm-‘nbmkv. tkm-tjym-fn-°-em-bn am-{X-a√, ^ntem-k-^n-°-embpw Cu t\m-h¬ \n-ch[n tNm-Zy-߃ D-b¿-Øp-∂p-≠v. ]m-gv-kn k-ap-Zm-b-°m-c\mb sskd-kv an-kv{Xn apw-ss_-bn-em-Wp P-\n-®Xv. hm-b\bpw F-gpØpw kw-Ko-Xhpw Ip-´n-°m-ew

hc: a-\p I-≈n-°mSv

]o-U(V)\w? s]m-Xphn-⁄m-\-kº-Øv t_m-[y-s∏-Sp-Øm\p-≈ {i-a-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p. ""Io-gm¿-s\√ow ap-Xntcw H-∂z√-s‚ C°m, kq-cy-s\√n, hnXp-c F-∂p ]-d-bn≥. Cu C-°ms‚ H-cp hn-h-cw...!!A-Xp ]ns∂, Ahn-sSm-s° s]-Æn-s\ i-cn°pw D-]-{Z-hn-®n-´p-≠m-hpw-∂v. CXns∏m \-Ωp-sS `m¿-Kh-s‚ Imcym I-„m-bXv.'' D¬-∏-em-£-≥ sam-bv-Xp-Æn°-sb Xn-cpØn. ""Cß-s\ t]m-bm RΩ-fv B-Wp-ß-sf Imcyw t]m°-s√ \m-b-tc...? A√mt≠m, C-Pv F-bp-Ønt‚w _m-b-t\t‚w H-s° B-ft√, ]s≠m-cp I-Y-≠m-cv-∂v-s√m... s]-Æv-ß-fv-sS F-tSev B-Wp-ß-fv-sS F-S-tß-dn-s\-∏-‰n-b-t√-≠m B I-Y? sO, In-´v-Wveym-tem...! ¥m-s≠m A-Xn-s‚ t]cv?'' ""]pcp-jhn-em-]w'' A-t√ C-°m... C-°m-bv-°v \√ km-ln-Xyt_m-[-ap-≠-t√m. \-Ωp-sS cm-a-\p-ÆosS ""∂m-fv Rm-\v _- n-ev Su-Wo-∂v h-czm-bncp∂p. At∏m ap-∂n-se s]-Æpß-sf ko-‰n-\-SpØv H-cp hm-ey-°m-cn Ip-´n \n¬-°p∂p.

I-e-Œ-td-‰v ]-Sn°-ev \-S-∂ [¿-W-sb-°p-dn®m. kv-{Xo-I-fm¬ ]o-Un-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂ ]p-cp-j-∑m-cpsS kwL-S-\ \-S-Øn-bXm. Ct∏m tI-c-f-Ønem-sI C-Xn-s‚ B-fpI-fv kw-L-Sn-°p-I-bm-∂m ]{Xw ]-d-bp∂Xv''˛ D¬-∏-em-£≥ -]{Xw D-b¿-Øn-°m-´n ""A√m-s‚ D¬-t∏zm, C-sXm-s° C-hn-sS \-St°zm... kv{Xohn-tam-N-\°mcv kΩ-Xn-t°zm...? FtSm, _p-≤n-Pohow km-ln-Xy˛cm-{„o-b {]-h¿Ø-I\p-sam-s° B-h-sW-¶n¬ Cu kv-{Xohntam-N\w "s]¨-]o-S-\w' F-s∂m-s° C-S-bv-°n-Sbv-°v D-cp-hn´p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°Ww. Nm-\-ep-Im¿°pt]mepw th≠-Xv s]-Æn-s‚ I-c-®nepw ]-ªnkn-‰n-bpam''˛ am[y-a sS-Iv-\n-°p-I-sf-°p-dn-®v kXy-]me≥ Hm¿-a-s∏-Sp-Øn. ""B, ]-S-t®m-s\, Pv h-en-b-h≥ X-s∂... C-Pv B B-ƒ-°m-sc I-≠v Ω-sf `m¿-Kq-s‚ Imcyw th-Kß-Sv ]-dsb-tSm... Hm≥ th-Kw I-bv-®n-em-hs´... ]m-h-t√-∂v...?'' ]pd-sØ A-]-cn-Nn-Xam-b F-cn-bp-∂ sh-bn-en-te-°v D-cp-Ip-∂ s\-t©m-sS t\m-°n sam-bv-Xp-Æn-° ]-d-™p. „

IhnX

c≠p I-hn-XIƒ

km£n

A-cp¨ Ip-am¿ F-®v.F-¬. _meIrjvW≥ Hf-h´q¿

c-≠p-t]¿ IÆpIsf¥p ]d™p. I≠ns√∂p ]d™p. ImXn¬ Ibdnsbmfn°pw hm°pIƒ tI´ns√∂p ]d™p. s\©p ]nf¿°pw Im‰n≥ \nehnfn

arX-tZ-lw I-gp-I\v sIm-Sp-°p-∂h¿

sIm©n-˛ sIm©nbpS°pw \Shgn Np≠n¬ ]p©ncn ]qag ]pIad tImSXnb∂p ]ncn™p.

a-Sp-∏n¬ I-e-ln®v a-Xnbm-b Po-hnXw In-S-∏n¬ sI-dp-hn-®v \-S-∂-I-ep-∂ a-c-Whpw.

\n-anjw ]n-d°m-s\m-cp \n-anjw a-cn°m-s\m-cp \n-an-jw C-h-bv-°p \-Sp-hn¬-s∏´p g-dms\m-cp \n-an-jw.

]m-gv-kn k-aq-l-Øn-se A--[xIr-Xhn-`m-K-Øn-s‚ Po-hn-Xw Nn-{Xo-I-cn-°p∂ sskd-kv an-kv-{Xn-bp-sS t\mhen\m-Wv C-Ø-hW-sØ Un.F-kv.kn. ]p-c-kv-Imcw tKm-´v tU-bvkv . ]m-In-kv-Xm-\n¬\n-∂p-ap≠m-bn-cp-∂p c-≠p t\m-h-epIƒ. dn-e-Œ‚ v ^-≠-sa‚-en-Ãn-eq-sS _p-°¿ k-Ωm-\w t\Snb sam-lvkn≥ l-ao-Zn-s‚ lu Sp sK‰v ^n¬-Xn dn-®v C≥ ssd-knMv G-jy, 1980¬ Ip-Spw-_-tØm-sSm-∏w Cw-•-≠n-te°p Ip-Sn-tb-dn-∏m¿-Ø 45Im-c≥ \-Zow Akve-an-s‚ \m-ema-sØ t\m-hem-b Z ssª≥-Uv am≥-kv Km¿U≥ F-∂n-h-bmW-h. sFe‚ v Hm-^v F Xuk‚ v an-tdgvkv Fgp-Xnb {io-e-¶-°m-cn \-thm-an ap-\ho-c-bm-bn-cp∂p ]-´n-I-bn-se H-tcsbm-cp F-gp-Øp-Imcn. sskd-kv an-kv-{Xn-bpsS t{Im-Wn-°nƒ Hm-^v F tIm¿-]vkv s_bddneq-sS F-Æw ]q¿-Øn-bm-hp-∂p. G-jy-bn-se G-‰hpw hen-b km-ln-Xyta-f-bm-bn hn-ti-jn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂ P-bv-]q¿ en-‰-td-®¿ s^-Ãn-h¬ B-cw-`n-®-Xv 2006¬ B-sW-¶nepw AXn-t\m-S-\p-_-‘n-® Un.F-kv.kn. ]p-c-kv-Im-cw \¬-Ip-∂-Xn\p \m-ep-h¿j-sØ ]-g-°-ta-bp≈q. Cu \memwh¿-j-Øn-se tP-Xm-hv sskd-kv an-kv-{Xn-bmWv. tI-{μ-a{¥n i-in X-cq-cmWv ap-Jym-Xn-Yn B-th-≠n-bn-cp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬, amdn-b km-l-N-cy-Øn¬ A-ta-cn°≥ h-\n-Xm hn-tam-N-\{]-ÿm-\-t\Xmhpw {K-Ÿ-I¿-{Xn-bpam-b t•mdn-b kv-‰o\-am-Wv P-\p-h-cn 18\p k-Ωm-\-Zm-\w \n¿h-ln-®-Xv. t{Im-Wn-°nƒ an-kv-{Xn-bp-sS c-≠masØ t\m-h-emWv. B-Zy-sØ t\m-hem-b Z td-Un-b≥-kv Hm-^v B-j-kv 2005¬ {]-kn≤o-I-cn-°-s∏´p. X-\n-°p kp-]-cn-Nn-Xam-b ]m-gv-kn Po-hn-Xw X-s∂-bm-Wv c-≠p t\m-hep-I-fn-sebpw {]-Xn-]m-Zyw. t{Im-Wn-°nfn¬ t\m-h-en-kv-‰v Iptd-°q-Sn km-aqlnI{]-Xn_-≤-X Im-Wn-°p-∂p-≠v- F-∂p am-{Xw. apw-ss_-bp-sS ]-›m-Ø-e-Øn¬

apX-te Iq-sSbp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. Iu-am-c-ØnseØpwap-tº tem-I-km-ln-Xy-Øn-se ¢m-kn-°p-I-sf√m-am-bn- ]-cn-N-b-s∏-´ncp∂p. \m-SI-ß-tfm-Sm-bn-cp-∂p Iq-Sp-X¬ B-`nap-Jyw. 21ma-sØ h-b- n¬ c-Nn-® Uqw-Km-Pn lukv H-cp \m-S-I-a-¬k-cØn¬ k-Ωm-\w I-c-ÿ-am-°n-sb-¶nepw A-Xv A-c-ßn-se-Øm≥ h¿-j-߃ th≠nh∂p. ]m-gv-kn k-ap-Zm-b-Øn-se A-\mNm-c-߃-s°-Xn-tc-bp-≈ I-Sp-Ø hn-a¿i\w Dƒ-s°m-≠n-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ A-Xv cw-KØ-h-X-cn-∏n-°m≥ Bcpw ss[-cy-s∏-´n√. UqwKm-Pn lu-kn\p \√ kzo-I-c-W-amWp e-`n-®Xv. C-S-°me-Øv ]-{X-{]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-bn tPmen-t\m°n-b an-kv{Xn sN-dp-I-Y-bnte°pw t\m-h-en-te°pw Xn-cn™p. sN-dpI-Y-Ifn-sem∂m-b t]-gvkn Kp-P-dm-Ønbn¬ kn-\n-a-bm-°-s∏-´-t∏mƒ Xn-c-°Ybpw kw-`m-j-W-hp-sa-gp-Xnb-Xv I-Ym-IrØv X-s∂. 1991¬ G-‰hpw an-I-® Kp-P-dmØn Nn-{X-Øn-\p-≈ tZ-io-b A-hm¿-Uv t\Sn-b CXv, am≥low ^nenw s^-Ãn-hen¬ {In-´n-Iv-kv A-hm¿Upw I-c-ÿ-am°n. ""A-Sn-ÿm-\-]-cam-b G-sX-¶nepw H-cp Xe-Øn¬ hm-b-\-°mc-s\ kv-]¿-in-°m-Ø, Po-hn-X-sØ-∏-‰n-bp-≈ Ah-s‚ ho-£-WK-Xn-sb A-kz-ÿ-am-°p-Itbm ]p-\:{I-aoI-cn-°p-Itbm sN-øm-Ø, \n-an-j-t\-csØ-s°-¶nepw H-cp -hy‡n F-∂ \n-e-bnte-°v Ah-s\ am-‰na-dn-°m-Ø Hcp- t\mh¬ F-gp-Xp-∂Xv, A-Xn-s\-Sp-°p-∂ {]-bXv-\-hp-am-bn Xm-c-X-ay-s∏-Sp-Øp-tºmƒ Hcp ]mgvth-e-bmWv'' F-∂p]-d-bp-∂ \m¬∏-sØmº-XpIm-c\mb sskd-kv an-kv{Xn C-t∏mƒ sIm-ssS-°-\m-en¬ I-gn-bp∂p. 30 h¿-j-tØm-f-am-bn _p-≤-a-X-X-Øz߃-°-\p-kr-X-am-bm-Wp Po-hn-Xw. „

]p-kv-X-I-ß-ƒ

aq-∂v t{]-aw F-∂p t]-cm-b km-¶¬-∏n-I cmPyw. aq-∂v F-∂m-Wv A-Xn-s‚ t]-cv. A-hnsS B-kp-c-am-b H-cp Im-e-L-´w h-∂ptN¿-∂n-cn-°p-∂p. k¿-h-hpw ]p-Xn-sbm-cp \n-b-a-Øn-s‚ Io-gn-em-Wv. A-hn-sS `-c-WIq-S-Øn-s‚ \n-jvTp-c \n-b-a-Øn-\p hn-t[b-cm-bn Po-hn-°m≥ hn-[n-°-s∏-´ H-cp P-\X-bp-sS hn-em-]-ß-fpw A-\p-`-h-ß-fpw hm-°p-I-fn-te-°m-hm-ln-®v, H-cp\mƒ Xs‚ A-e-k-X-bn¬\n-∂v D-bn¿-sØ-gp-t∂‰v A-⁄m-X-Øn-te-°v a-d-™p-t]m-hp∂, In-tjm¿ F-∂ bp-hm-hv. N-cn-{Xw IY-bm-Ip-∂-Xm-tWm, I-Y N-cn-{X-am-Ip-∂Xm-tWm F-∂v \mw kw-i-bn-°p-∂ Nn-e \n-an-j-ß-fp-≠v. B k-μn-Kv-[-X-I-fn-te°v hm-b-\-°m-c-s\ £-Wn-°p-∂ sN-dpt\m-h¬. hn F-®v \n-jm-Zv Un-.kn. _p-Iv-kv, tIm-´-bw

]p-Xn-b Xo-c-߃ I-S-en-s‚ C-c-º-߃-°pw ao≥-hn-fnIƒ-°p-an-S-bn¬ \p-c-™p-]-X-bp-∂ H-cp {]-W-b-I-Y a-e-bm-f-kn-\n-a-bn¬ ho≠pw. {Km-ao-W-X-bp-sS I-em-Im-c-∑m-cm-b

k-Xy≥ A-¥n-°m-Sv-˛-s_-∂n ]n \m-b-c-ºew Iq-´p-sI-´n¬\n-∂p hn-S¿-∂ Nn-e-®n-{Xh-k-¥w. A-e-dn-b-Sn-°p-∂ Xn-c-am-e-Iƒ°p-ta¬ a-\- p-d-∏n-s‚ Xm-ßp-am-{Xw B{i-bn-®p ap-t∂-dn-b A-\m-Y-_m-en-I-bmb sN-¥m-a-c-bp-sS Po-hn-X-Øn-te-°v I-S∂p-h-cp-∂ H-cp hr-≤-s‚ I-Y. B s]¨Ip-´n-sb \n-g¬-t]m-se ]n-¥p-S-cp-I-bm-Wv tam-l-\≥ F-∂ sN-dp-∏-°m-c≥. Po-hn-XØn-s‚ B-g-hpw ]-c-∏pw h-f-hp-I-fpw Xncn-hp-I-fpw A-\p-`-hn-∏n-°p-∂ kn-\n-a-bpsS Xn-c-°-Y, a-e-bm-f-Øn-s‚ {]-i-kv-X Xn-c-°-Ym-Ir-Øn-s‚ Xq-en-I-bn¬\n-∂v. s_-∂n ]n \m-b-c-º-ew am-Xr-`q-an _p-Iv-kv, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv

H-‰-bm≥ Nn-e¿ kz-`m-h-ß-fn¬ am-{X-a-√ A-\p`-h-ß-fn-epw H-‰-bm≥-am-cm-Wv. F-gp-ØpsIm-≠v H-‰-bm-\m-b H-cp ]-{X-{]-h¿-ØIs‚ Nn-¥m-tem-Iw A-\p-`-hn-∏n-°p-∂ sN-dp-Ip-dn-∏p-Iƒ. C-Xn¬ k-a-Im-eo-\ kw-`-h-ß-sf-°p-dn-®p-≈ A-`n-{]m-b-ßfp-≠v, hy-‡n-I-sf-°p-dn-®p-≈ Ip-dn-∏pI-fp-≠v, B-i-b-ß-sf-°p-dn-®p-≈ N¿-®I-fp-≠v, tem-I-sØ-°p-dn-®p-≈ ku-μ-

cym-fl-I-Nn-¥-I-fp-≠v. ssN-\-bpw C-¥ybpw B-\-bpw Im-Spw ho-Spw tem-I-hpw A-ta-cn-°-bpw sIm-tfm-Wn-b-en-k-hpw kzm-X-{¥y-hpw a-mbm-h-Xn-bpw jm≥-_mKpw ]-fl-\m-`-\pw ]n.em-epw km-Z-Xv lk≥ a≥-tXm-bpw hn-\-b-N-{μ-\pw dp-jv-Znbp-ap-≠v. {]-i-kv-X-cm-b aq-∂p I-em-Im-c∑m¿ X-øm-dm-°n-b Nn-{X-߃ ]p-kv-X-IØn-s‚ am-‰p Iq-´p-∂p. Iq-k-en-√m-bv-abm-Wv Cu D-]-\ym-k-ß-fp-sS s]m-Xpkz-`m-hw. Sn.sP.F-kv. tPm¿-Pv Un.kn. _p-Iv-kv, tIm-´-bw

a-\p-jym-h-Im-i-߃ a-\p-jym-h-Im-i-ß-sf-°p-dn-®v cm-jv{So-b-°m¿ \n-c-¥-cw Hm¿-a-s∏-Sp-Øm-dps≠-¶n-epw A-h-sb-°p-dn-®v k-a-{K-am-b Hcp [m-c-W e-`n-°m-\p-X-Ip-∂ ]p-kv-X-I߃ a-e-bm-f-Øn¬ A-[n-I-an-√. A-Xns\m-cp {]-Xn-hn-[n-bm-Wv C-t∏mƒ ]p-dØn-d-ßn-bn-´p-≈ Cu ]p-kv-X-Iw. a-\pjym-h-Im-iw F-∂ k-¶¬-∏-Øn-s‚ hnIm-k-N-cn-{Xw, a-\p-jym-h-Im-i-sØ-°pdn-®p-≈ bp-.F≥. Nm¿-´¿, h-\n-X-I-fp-sS A-h-Im-i-߃, a-\p-jym-h-Im-i-hpw C-

¥y≥ `-c-W-L-S-\-bpw, s]m-Xp-Xm¬-∏cyhy-h-lm-c-ß-fpw a-\p-jym-h-Im-i-hpw, a\p-jym-h-Im-i I-Ωo-j≥, \yq-\-]-£ Ah-Im-i-߃ F-∂n-ß-s\ hn-hn-[ hn-j-b߃ e-fn-X-am-bn hn-h-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. a-\pjym-h-Im-i-kw-c-£-Ww e-£y-an-Sp-∂ P\-Io-b-{]-ÿm-\-߃-°v C-Ø-cw Ir-XnIƒ ap-X¬°q-´m-sW-∂v P-Ãn-kv Ir-jvW-ø¿, A-h-Xm-cn-I-bn¬. {]-^. B¿.]n. c-a-W≥ ]q¿-W ]-ªn-t°-j≥-kv, tIm-gn-t°mSv

Xo¿-®-bm-bpw Im-´p-]q-°ƒ-°v t]-cp-≠v I-hn-X-bv-°v \n-c-h-[n h-gn-Iƒ. s]m-bv°m-ep-I-fn¬ Im-e-a¿-Øn-bp-≈ sh-dpw F-Øn-t\m-´-߃, hn-Nn-{X-`m-h\-bp-sS eo-em-]-c-X-Iƒ, A-e-¶m-c-߃. {]-t£m`-Im-cn-bm-b I-hn a-cn-®p-t]m-bn-cn-°p-∂psh-∂v hn-iz-kn-°m-Ø-h-cn-√. ]-t£, cmjv-{So-b-sØ ap≥-\n¿-Øn Po-hn-X-sa-gp-Xp∂-h-cp-sS B \m-´p-h-gn-bn¬ X-s∂-bm-Wv Cu I-hn-bp-sS ÿm-\w. k-a-Im-en-I A\p-`-h-߃ B I-hn-X-I-sf A-kz-ÿ-am°p-∂p. B-g-Øn¬ s]m-≈n-°p-I-bpw ap-

dn-th¬-∏n-°p-I-bpw sN-øp-∂p. hy-h-ÿm]n-X-am-b A-S-™ sI-´p-]m-Sp-I-fn¬\n∂p-≈ Ip-X-d-em-Wv Cu I-hn-X-I-sf-∂v A-h-Xm-cn-I-bn¬ D-ta-jv-_m-_p sI.kn. kp-ta-i-s‚ h-c. A-cp¨ Pn.Fw. a-dp-hm-°v ]-ªn-t°-j≥, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv

Æo-cp \n-d-® _m-ey-Iu-am-c-hpw H-s° Cu Hm¿-a-I-fn¬ sh-¥p-Xn-f-®p Xq-hp-∂psh-∂v' A-h-Xm-cn-I-bn¬ Fw.Sn. hm-kptZ-h≥ \m-b¿. G-Im-¥-X-bp-sS H-cp ssZhm-\p-`-h-am-Wv Cu Ir-Xn-sb-∂v I-hn hn.Pn. X-ºn. sk-_m-Ãy≥ ]-≈n-tØm-Sv ao-Un-bmlu-kv, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv

tXm-cms-X s]-øp-∂ a-g-bn¬

_m-ey-Im-ew

Po-hn-XØn-\v ]-I¿-∏p-I-fn-√m-Ø-Xn\m-em-Imw Hm¿-a-Iƒ hm-b-\-°m-c-s\ F∂pw lr-Z-b-tØm-fw kzm-[o-\n-°p-∂-Xv. Ip-cn-ti-‰-s∏-´-h-s\-bpw hn-´p-t]m-b-hs\-bpw hm≥-tKm-Kn-s\-bpw I-k≥-km°o-kn-s\-bpw A-ko- n-sb-bpw {In-kvXp-hn-s\-bpw s\-t©m-SptN¿-Øp-hbv°p-∂ H-cm-fp-sS Hm¿-a-°p-dn-∏p-Iƒ. "sI´ A-Sp-∏n-se Nq-Sv tN¿-Øp-]n-Sn-®v a-bßp-∂ Hm-e-∏p-c-bn-se Ip-´n-°v ssZ-hm-\p{K-l-am-Ip-∂ C-cp-ºp-]n-™m-W-Øn-se I-™n-bpw a-sÆ-Æ-hn-f-°v a-dn-™v IØn-t∏m-b B-Im-i-hn-f-°n-s‚ Nm-cØn¬ t\m-°n\n¬-°p-∂ A-Ω-bpw GIm-¥-`o-I-c-am-b k-©m-c-]-Y-߃ I-

]-Ømw h-b- n¬ A-\m-Y-\m-°-s∏Sp-∂ _m-e≥. A-h≥ ]-{¥-≠mw h-b n¬ A-Ωq-Ω-sb tX-Sn bm-{X-bm-hp-Ibm-Wv. I-Y]-d-bm≥ {]-K-ev`-bm-b A-ΩqΩ A-h-s\ I-Y-]-d-®n-en-s‚ Pm-e-hn-Zybn-te-°v B-\-bn-®p. {]-i-kv-X d-jy≥ F-gp-Øp-Im-c-\m-b am-Iv-knw tKm¿-°nbp-sS ssa ssN¬-Uv-lp-Uv F-∂ {]-ikv-X B-fl-I-Y-bp-sS ]-cn-`m-j. d-jy≥ hn-π-h-Øn-\p ap-ºp-≈ d-jy-sb-°p-dn-®p≈ Zp-cn-Xm-\p-`-h-߃ tIm-dn-bn-Sp-∂ Cu Ir-Xn tem-I-am-k-I-e-ap-≈ \n-c-h-[n X-e-ap-d-I-sf B-g-Øn¬ kzm-[o-\n-°p-Ibp-≠m-bn. am-Iv-knw tKm¿-°n Nn-¥ ]-ªn-tj-gv-kv, Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw


CMYK

2014 P\p-hcn 26 Rm-b-¿

ap-J¿-Pn-bp-sS B-Zy kw-cw-`-am-b ap-km-^n-dn-se i-Ip-¥f, cm-Pv tIm-kv-e-bp-sS s_mw-ss_ Im _m-_p-hn-se amb, A-kn-Xv sk-∂n-s‚ a-av-X-bn-se hy-Xy-kv-X km-l-Ncy-ß-fn¬ h-f-cp-∂ A-Ω-bpw a-I-fp-am-b tZ-h-bm-\n-bpw kp-]¿-Æ-bpw, tZ-h-bm-\n-bp-sS ]-∂m-`m-bn-sb-∂ a-s‰mcp th-j-∏-I¿-®-bpw. aq-∂p I-Ym-]m-{X-ß-sf A-h-cp-sS kz-`m-h-{]-I-S-\-Øn-se-∂-t]m-se i-co-c-`m-j sIm-≠pw hy-Xy-kv-X-cm-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p kp-Nn-{Xm sk≥. e-XmPn-bp-sS F-Æ-s∏-´ B-em-]-\-ß-fn-sem-∂m-b "c-sl \ c-sl lw sa-lv-°m I-tcw-sK.-.-.-' ]-e-cpw Hm¿-°p-∂p-≠mhpw. a-Pv-dq-lv kp¬-Øm≥-]p-cn-bp-sS h-cn-Iƒ tcm-j≥ km-_v Nn-´-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-t∏mƒ A-sXm-cp "tKmƒ-U≥ ln‰m'bn am-dn. kp-Nn-{X-bv-°m-Wv A-Xv ]m-Sn A-`n-\-bn°m≥ `m-Ky-ap-≠m-b-Xv.

tZ-hn Nu-[p-dm-Wn. kp-Nn-{Xm sk≥ Xn-c-kv-I-cn-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v k-Xy-Pn-Xv td B s{]m-P-Iv-‰v X-s∂ H-gn-hm-°n. ]n-∂o-Sv th-sdm-cmƒ a-s‰m-cp \-Sn-sb h-®v kn-\n-a-bm-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. cm-Pv-I-]q-dn-s‚ H-cp ]-S-hpw kp-Nn-{Xm sk≥ th-s≠-∂p-h-®-Xn¬ s]-Spw. C-t∏mƒ _w-•m-tZ-in¬-s∏-´ ]-_v-\-bn-em-Wv kp-Nn-{X P-\n-®X - v. I-cp-Wm-sam-bv Zm-kvK - p-]vX - b - p-sS-bpw C-{μm-tZ-hnbp-sS-bpw A-©m-as - Ø k-¥m-\a - m-bn. tdm-am-Zm-kv Kp-]vX - sb-∂m-bn-cp-∂p i-cn-bm-b t]-cv. kn-\n-ab - n-se-Øp-∂X - n-\p ap-tº A-h¿ hn-hm-ln-X-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `¿-Øm-hv Zn-_-\m-Yv sk≥. 1952¬ _w-Km-fn kn-\n-am-tem-I-sØ-Øn-sb-¶n-epw B-Zy-sØ ]-Sw ti-jv sIm-Øm-bv(1952) ]p-dØ - n-dß - n-bn-√. _w-Km-fn-se F-°m-es - Ø-bpw A-Xp-ey \-S≥ D-Øw-Ip-amdp-sam-Øv A-`n-\b - n-® im-sc Np-hØ - d - n(1953)eq-sS-bm-Wv

C-¥y-bp-sS H-tc-sbm-cp

CMYK

"s{K‰m Km¿t_m' C-μn-c-b-√; Xm-c-tI-iz-cn

Km-fn kn-\n-a-bp-sS C-Xn-lm-k-sa∂p hn-ti-jn-∏n-°-s∏-´ kp-Nn-{Xm sk≥ hn-S-hm-ßn. H-cp-Im-e-Øv lnμn-kn-\n-a-bp-sS B-th-i-am-bn-am-dn-b \-Sn. kn-\n-am-tem-IØv I-Øn-\n¬-s°, H-cp kp-{]-`m-X-Øn¬ X-s‚ "•m-a-d m'b Po-hn-X-Øn¬-\n-∂pw km-aq-ln-I-am-b C-S-]-g-I-epI-fn¬-\n-∂p-X-s∂-bpw ]n≥-hm-߬ \-S-Øp-∂p. _w-Kmfn kn-\n-a-bm-b s{]m-tWm-bv ]m-jm-bp-sS ]-cm-P-bw H-cp \n-an-Ø-am-sb-∂p am-{Xw. Xp-S¿-∂v \o-≠ aq-∂-c-∏-Xn-‰m≠p-Im-ew H-cp h-√m-Ø G-Im-¥-Po-hn-X-am-bn-cp-∂p Ah¿ \-bn-®-Xv. X-s‚ •m-a-tdm {]-i-kv-Xn-tbm Xm≥ kn-\n-abn¬ km-£m¬-°-cn-® A-\-iz-c I-Ym-]m-{X-ß-fn¬ \ng¬-ho-gv-Ø-cp-sX-∂ imTyw-sIm-≠p-Iq-Sn-bm-hmw 1978¬ A-h¿ H-fn-t®m-´w \-S-Øn-b-Xv. an-I-® tdm-fp-I-fn¬ {]-Xy£-s∏-´v ]n-∂o-Sv \n-»-_v-Z-bm-b \-Sn s{K-‰m Km¿-t_m Aß-s\-bm-bn-cp-∂-t√m? tZ-h-Zm-kv(55), ap-km-^n¿(57), s_mw-ss_ Im _m_p(60), B-‘n(75) F-∂o kn-\n-a-I-fn¬ kp-Nn-{Xm sk≥ A-`n-\-bn-®p ^-en-∏n-® kv-{Xo-I-Ym-]m-{X-ß-sf B¿-°pw a-d-°m-\m-hn-√. Xr-]v-Xn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂ I-Ym-]m-{X-ß-sfm∂pw ]n-∂o-Sv ssI-h-cm-Ø-Xm-Wv A-h-cp-sS ]n≥-hm-ß-en\p Im-c-W-sa-∂p ]-d-bp-∂-h-cp-≠v. tZ-h-Zm-kn-se P-ao-μmdm-b A-[ym-]-I-s\ kv-t\-ln-°p-∂ k-aq-l-Øn-s‚ Xm-sgØ-´n¬ \n-∂p h-cp-∂ ]m-tdm F-∂ ]m¿-h-Xn, E-jn-tI-iv

]-d-∂v

\mbn-Im-{]-[m-\am-b kn-\n-a-I-fn-eqsS lnµnþ_w-Km-fn kn-\n-am-t{]-an-I-fp-sS {]n-b-¦-cn-bm-bn amdn-b, Ign-ª Znh-kw A-´-cn¨ kp-Nn-{Xmsk-¶n-sâ I-em-Po-hn-X-¯n-eqsS

]-d-∂v ]-d-∂v

sI.-Fw. A-Iv-_¿ -dp-∏-Øn-te Hm-´-Øn-\pw Nm-´Øn-\pw ]n-∂m-se-bm-bn-cp-∂p C-h¿. I-b-dn-s‚ H-c-‰w ho-´p-ap‰-Øp Im-‰n-em-Sn-°-fn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂ A-S-°m-ac-Øn-epw a-t‰ A-‰w am-hn-s‚ sIm-ºn-epw sI-´n Zq-sc \n-∂v Hm-Sn-°n-X-®p-h-∂v H-‰-®m-´w. H-cp Im¬ I-b-dn-\p-≈n¬, a-s‰m-∂v Xm-sg. ho-gv-N aq°pw-Ip-Øn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. B ho-gv-N-bn-sem-∂pw C-cp-h-cpw tXm-‰n-√. D-b-c-ß-fn¬-\n-∂v D-b-c-ßfn-te-°v C-cp-h-cpw D-b¿-∂p Nm-Sn.C-∂p c-≠p-t]-cpw A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂ Nm-´-°mcm-Wv. hn-im-e-am-b \o-em-Im-i-tØ-°v D-b¿∂p Nm-Sn sd-t°m-Uv ssI-°-em-°n a-g-hn-√pt]m-se Xm-tg-°p ]-Xn-°p-∂ Nm-´-°m¿.-.-. F∂m¬, Im¿-ta-L-߃ C-cp-≠p-Iq-Sn-bm¬ C-hcp-sS a-\- n¬ k-¶-S-Øn-s‚ Xo-cm-a-g s]-bv-XpXp-S-ßpw. tNm¿-s∂m-en-°p-∂ ho-Sv.-.-. tIm-cns®m-cn-bp-∂ a-g-sh-≈-Øn¬ X-Wp-Øp-hn-d-®p t\-cw-]p-e-cm≥ Im-Øn-cn-°p-∂p-≠m-hpw B c≠p ho-Sp-I-fn-epw C-cp-h-cp-sS-bpw A-Ω-am¿.-.F-∂m¬, C-sXm-cp I-Y-b-√. Im-bn-I-tem-IØv a-e-bm-f-Øn-s‚ b-i- p-b¿-Øn-b c-≠p {]Xn-`-I-fp-sS I-Æo-cn¬ Ip-Xn¿-∂ t\¿-km-£yam-Wv. H-cmƒ Kp-cp-hm-bq¿ Xm-a-c-bq¿ sX-t°-ho´n¬ F.-F-kv. tam-l-s‚-bpw cm-[-bp-sS-bpw aI≥ {io-\n-Øv tam-l≥. a-s‰m-cmƒ Kp-cp-hm-bq¿ Im-c-°m-Sv I-cp-h-√n i-in-bp-sS-bpw \n-j-bp-sSbpw a-I≥ A-\-¥p. c-≠p-t]-cpw kz¿-W-t\-´Øn-s‚ t{Im-kv-_m¿ Nm-Sn-°-S-∂v sd-t°m-Uv Ip-dn-®-h¿. B-Im-iw A-Xn-cn-Sp-∂ C-cp-h-cp-sSbpw t\-´-߃ Zp-cn-X-ß-fp-sS A-Xn-cp-Iƒ Nm-Sn°-S-∂m-bn-cp-∂p. a-c-hn-∏n-°p-∂ X-Wp-∏n¬ Icn-º-Sw ]p-X-® dm-©n-bn¬ \-S-∂ 59m-a-Xv tZ-iob kv-Iqƒ Im-bn-I-ta-f-bn¬ 2.-11 ao-‰¿ D-b-cw Nm-Sn ko-\n-b¿ B¨-Ip-´n-I-fp-sS ssl-Pw-]n¬ {io-\n-Øv tam-l≥ tZ-io-b sd-t°m-Uv ÿm]n-®-t∏mƒ k-_v Pq-\n-b¿ B¨-Ip-´n-I-fp-sS

sN

_mw-•q-cn¬ \-S-∂ tZ-io-b Pq-\n-b¿ A-Xv-e-‰n-Iv ao-‰n¬ ]-s¶-Sp-Øv A-\-¥p Xn-cn-s®-Øn-b-Xv kz]v-\-km-^-ey-Øn-te-°m-bn-cp-∂p. ao-‰n¬ ]-s¶Sp-°m≥ A-\-¥p ]-Sn-bn-d-��n-t∏m-b s]m-fn-bmdm-b sIm-®p-Iq-c kz¿-W-sa-U-ep-am-bn Xn-cn-s®Øp-tºmƒ A-hn-sS-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. ]p-Ø≥ ho-sSm-cp-°m-\m-bn ]-g-b ho-Sv s]m-fn-®n-cn-°p∂p. tZ-io-b sd-t°m-Up-Iƒ a-dn-I-S-∂ A-\-¥phn-\v ]n.-kn. Nm-t°m Fw.-]n-bm-Wv ]p-Xn-b ho-Sv \n¿-an-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂-Xv.

ssl-Pw-]n¬ 1.-89 ao-‰¿ D-b-cw Nm-Sn-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-\-¥p-hn-s‚ sd-t°m-Uv {]-I-S-\w.

{io-\n-Øn-s‚ I-Y; A-\-¥p-hn-s‚-bpw F-∂pw I-„-∏m-Sp-Iƒ \n-d-™-Xm-bn-cp-∂p {io-\n-Øv tam-l-s‚ _m-eyw. A-—-s‚ sN-dnb h-cp-am-\-Øn¬-\n-∂p tN-´-s‚-bpw X-s‚bpw ]T-\w. Zm-cn-{Zy-Øn-s‚ I-bv-∏pw a-[p-c-hpw H-cp-t]m-se A-\p-`-hn-®-dn-™n-cp-∂ _m-eyw. Po-hn-X-Øn-s‚ c-≠-‰w Iq-´n-ap-´n-°m≥ I-„s∏-Sp-∂ A-—≥. F-√m-h¿-°p-am-bn X-d-hm-Sv `m-Kn-®p I-gn-™m¬ ]n-s∂ ho-´n¬-\n-∂v F∂p-th-W-sa-¶n-epw C-d-tß-≠n-h-cpw. A-—-s‚ I-„-∏m-Sp-I-tfm¿-Øv Cu a-I-s‚ I-Æv F-∂pw \n-d-™n-cp-∂p. F-s∂-¶n-epw A-—-\p Xp-Wbm-hp-sa-∂ {]-Xo-£-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p A-h-s‚ Hm-tcm Np-h-Spw. C-tX Po-hn-X Np-‰p-]m-Sp-Iƒ X-s∂-bm-bn-cp∂p A-\-¥p-hn-t‚-Xpw. Po-hn-X-Øn-s‚ F-√m Zp-cn-X-ß-fpw A-\p-`-hn-®m-Wv A-\-¥p h-f¿-∂Xv. A-—≥ Iq-en-∏-Wn-°m-c≥. A-∂-∂-sØ A∂-Øn-\v s]-Sm-∏m-Sv s]-Sp-∂ A-Ω-bpw k-tlmZ-cn-bpw ap-Ø-»n-bp-a-S-ßp-∂ Ip-Spw-_w. kwÿm-\ a¬-k-c-Øn¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°m≥ th-≠ kvss]-Iv t]m-epw I-s≠-Øm≥ hn-j-an-°p-∂ aI-s‚ ssZ-\y-X-bn¬ \n-d-I-Æp-I-tfm-sS Bin¿-h-Zn-°m≥ am-{X-ta B am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ°m-bp-≈q. k-am-\ Po-hn-X-km-l-N-cy-ß-tfm-Sv ]-S-sh-´n hn-P-bw t\-Sn-b {io-\n-Øv tam-l-s‚ k-lm-bwsIm-≠m-Wv a¬-k-c-Øn¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°m-\m-h-iyam-b kv-ss]-Iv hm-ßn-b-Xv. ssl-Pw-]n¬ D-b-c߃ Xm-≠p-∂ A-\-¥p-hn-s‚ Np-a-ep-I-fn-ep≈-tXm Po-hn-X-{]m-c-œ-ß-fp-sS I-\-Ø `m-chpw. F-∂m¬, Cu a-°ƒ C-∂v kz-]v-\-ß-fnte-°p-≈ Ip-Xn-∏n-em-Wv. I-„-∏m-Sp-I-fpw Zp-cnX-ß-fpw \n-d-™ Po-hn-X-h-gn-I-fn-se-hn-sS-bpw Im-en-S-dn-ho-gm-sX C-h¿ D-b-c-߃ e-£y-am°n Nm-Sp-∂p.

hm-t\m-fw {]-Xo-£-Iƒ D-W-ßn-b ]p-√n-\v ao-sX {io-\n-Øpw A-\¥p-hpw B-Im-iw t\m-°n-°n-S-°pw. ]n-s∂ a-\ p \n-d-sb kz-]v-\-߃ Im-Wpw. G-jy≥ sKbnw-kv, km-^v sK-bnw-kv A-ß-s\ C-¥y-°p-th≠n A-¥m-cm-{„-X-e-Øn¬ sa-U¬. ]n-s∂-bpap-≠v a-\- n¬, H-cp H-fnw-]n-Iv sa-U¬. C-t∏mƒ F-f-a-°-c K-h¨-sa‚ v l-b¿ sk-°≥-U-dn

C-sXm-cp I-Y-b-Ã. Im-bn-I-tem-I-¯v a-e-bm-f-¯n-sâ b-i-Êp-bÀ-¯n-b c-p {]-Xn-`-I-fp-sS I-®o-cn Ip-XnÀ-¶ t\À-km-£y-w

t]m-h-W-sa-∂p tXm-∂pw. ]-t£, C-\n-bpw CXn-epw h-en-b D-b-c-߃ Nm-Sm-\m-hp-sa-∂ {]Xo-£-bp-≠v. A-Xp-sIm-≠p ]T-\-hpw kv-t]m¿Sv-kpw H-∏w sIm-≠p-t]m-hm-\m-Wm-{K-lw. Kp-cp-hm-bq¿ {io-Ir-jv-W l-b¿ sk-°≥-Udn kv-Iq-fn-se F-´mw-¢m-kv hn-Zym¿-Yn-bm-b A\-¥p A-©p-am-k-Øn-\-Iw ssl-Pw-]v ]n-‰n¬ Nm-Sn-sb-Sp-Ø-Xv \m-ep kz¿-W-am-Wv. I-gn-™ B-K-kv-Xn¬ 1.-73 ao-‰¿ Xm-≠n-bm-Wv kw-ÿm\ C‚¿-¢-∫v A-Xv-e-‰n-Iv ao-‰n¬ kz¿-Ww t\-Snb-Xv. I-gn-™ am-kw kv-Iqƒ A-Xv-e-‰n-Iv ao-‰n¬ kw-ÿm-\-˛-tZ-io-b sd-t°m-Up-Iƒ Xn-cp-Øn kz¿-Ww t\-Sn. tZ-io-b Pq-\n-b¿ A-Xv-e-‰n-Iv ao‰n-se-bpw tZ-io-b kv-Iqƒ Im-bn-I-ta-f-bn-sebpw kz¿-Ww-Iq-Sn-bm-Ip-tºmƒ ]-s¶-Sp-Ø \mep ao-‰n-epw Xp-S¿-®-bm-bn kz¿-Ww t\-Sn-b-Xns‚ I-\-I-{]-`-bn-em-Wv Cu Xm-cw.

Xm-c-߃ Im-Wm-a-d-b-Øv kv-Iqƒ-X-e-Øn¬ an-I-hp Im-´n-b-h-cn¬ _lp-`q-cn-]-£-hpw F-¥p-sIm-t≠m ]n-∂o-Sv cmPy-Øn-s‚ ]-Xm-Im-hm-l-I-cm-hp-∂-Xp Im-Wmdn-√. h-f-sc ]-cn-Xm-]-I-c-am-b Po-hn-X-km-l-Ncy-ß-tfm-Sp s]m-cp-Xn-bm-Wp \-Ωp-sS ]-e Xmc-ß-fpw kv-Iqƒ-X-e-Øn¬ t\-´-߃ sIm-øp∂-Xv. ]-e-sc-bpw ]-cn-io-e-\-Øn-\v A-b-°p∂-Xv c-£n-Xm-°ƒ Iq-en-∏-Wn-sb-Sp-Øv. CØ-cw Ip-´n-I-fn¬ ]-e-cpw kv-Iqƒ-X-e hn-Zym`ym-k-Øn-\p-ti-jw Im-bn-I-cw-K-tØm-Sp hn-S]-d-bp-I-bm-Wv.- Im-c-Ww, \-Ωp-sS \m-´n¬ Imbn-I-cw-K-sØ sXm-gn-em-bn Im-Wm-\m-hn-s√∂-Xp X-s∂. I-fn-®p-\-S-∂m¬ ho-´n¬ A-Sp-∏p-]p-I-bn-s√∂-Xn-\m-em-Wp ]-e `m-hn-hm-Kv-Zm-\-ß-fpw

s\¬-k¨ am-jn-s‚ {]n-b-in-jy¿ in-jy-cp-sS sd-t°m-Uv {]-I-S-\w F-{X-I≠m-epw s\¬-k¨-am-jn-\v a-Xn-h-cn-√. Nn-∏n-bnsem-fn-∏n-® ap-Øp-I-sf ]p-d-sØ-Sp-°p-∂ s\¬k¨ am-jn-s‚ {]n-b-in-jy-cm-Wv c-≠p-t]-cpw. Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-c-Øv \-S-∂ I-gn-™ h¿-j-sØ kw-ÿm-\ kv-Iqƒ ao-‰n¬ sI.-F-kv. A-\-¥p ]-d-∂p-s]m-ßn-b-t∏mƒ s\¬-k¨-am-jv ]-d™p: ""C-h≥ C-\n-bpw D-b-c-Øn¬ ]-d-°pw.-'' B hm-°p-Iƒ sh-dp-sX-bm-bn-√. Pq-\n-b¿ ao‰n¬, a-lm-cm-Pm-kn-se ssl-Pw-]v ]n-‰n¬ sd-t°mUv I-S-∂n-´pw Cu 13 h-b- p-Im-c≥ \n¿-Øn-bn-√. 1.-75 ao-‰¿ sd-t°m-Uv a-dn-I-S-∂ A-\-¥p A-h-km\n-∏n-®-Xv 1.-80¬. sIm-ep-∂-s\-bp-≈ i-co-c-Øn¬ Xm-f-tØm-sSm-∏w th-K-hpw \n-d-™p-\n-∂p. kzm`m-hn-I I-gn-hn-s\m-∏w km-t¶-Xn-I-am-b A-dnhpw ssI-h-∂m¬ A-\-¥p-hpw \m-sf-bp-sS {]Xo-£-bm-hp-sa-∂p-d-∏v. {io-\n-Øpw sd-t°m-Up-I-fp-sS tXm-g≥ Xs∂. sIm-®n-bn¬ Pq-\n-b¿ A-Xv-e-‰n-Iv ao-‰n¬ kz-¥w sd-t°m-Um-Wv {io-\n-Øv t`-Zn-®-Xv. 2.-06 ao-‰¿ D-b-c-Øn¬ Nm-Sn-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-Xv. C-Xn\p-ap-ºv sIm-®n-bn¬ \-S-∂ ku-Øv tkm¨ Nmw-]y≥-jn-∏n¬ 2.-2 ao-‰-dpw ]q-s\-bn¬ \-S-∂ C‚¿-tkm¨ A-Xv-e-‰n-Iv ao-‰n¬ 2.-11 ao-‰-dpw Db-c-Øn-em-Wp Nm-Sn-b-Xv. ep-[n-bm-\-bn-se tZio-b kv-Iqƒ sK-bnw-kn-epw {io-\n-Øv hn-P-bs°m-Sn ]m-dn-®p. Ir-Xy-am-b ]-cn-io-e-\w, Ip-´nI-fp-sS P-∑-kn-≤-am-b I-gn-hn-s\ D-tØ-Pn-∏n°m-\pw D-W¿-Øm-\p-ap-≈ s\¬-k¨-am-jns‚ ss\-]p-Wyw-˛ C-sXm-s°-bm-Wv C-cp-h-cp-sSbpw h-f¿-®-bv-°p ]n-∂n¬.-

Nm-Sn-sb-Sp-Ø ho-Sv Np-h-cp-Iƒ hn-≠ H-‰-ap-dn Iq-c. h-en-sbm-cp Im-‰pw a-g-bpw D-≠m-bm¬ X-I¿-∂p-ho-gm-hp-∂ B ho-Sn-s‚ aq-e-bn¬ sa-U-ep-I-fpw t{Sm-^n-Ifpw Nm-°n¬ sI-´n-h-®n-cn-°p-∂p. kw-ÿm-\ kvIqƒ Im-bn-I-ta-f-bn¬ A-`n-am-\-am-bn ]-d-∂pb¿-∂ A-\-¥p-hn-s‚ ho-Sm-W-Xv. F-∂m¬,

CMYK

_w-

I-a-te-iz-dn-s‚ Xq-en-I-bn¬ hn-S¿-∂ B-‘n(1978) F∂ s]m-fn-‰n-°¬ {Um-a-bn-se B-cv-Xo tZ-hn a-s‰m-cp I-Ym]m-{X-am-Wv. C-μn-cm-Km-‘n-bp-sS cm-jv-{So-b-Po-hn-Xw h-c®p-Im-´p-∂p-sh-∂ Im-c-Ww ]-d-™v A-Sn-b-¥-cm-h-ÿ°m-e-Øv kn-\n-a-bp-sS {]-Z¿-i-\w X-S-™p. ]n-s∂ F-gp]-Øn-tb-gn-em-Wv B kn-\n-a Xn-tb-‰-dp-I-fn-se-Øp-∂-Xv. b-Ym¿-Y-Øn¬ A-∂-sØ D-Ø-tc-¥y≥ cm-jv-{So-b-Ønse Xo-s∏m-cn Xm-c-tI-iz-cn kn≥-l-bp-sS cm-jv-{So-b-Po-hnX-hp-am-bm-Wv kn-\n-a-bv-°v _-‘w.A-tX-k-a-bw, _w-Km-fn kn-\n-a-bn-epw kp-Nn-{Xm sk≥ A-S-°n-hm-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Zo-]v sP-te Pm-bv(1959), km-Xv ]m-s° _-‘(1963), A-kn-Xv sk-∂n-s‚ D-Ø¿ ^¬-Kp-\n(1963) F-∂n-h F-Æ-s∏-´-h. Zo-]v sP-te Pm-bv am-\-kn-Im-tcm-Ky-tI-{μ-Øn-se K-th-j-I-\m-b tUm-Iv-Sdp-sS \n¿-_-‘-Øm¬ H-cp tcm-Kn-sb ]Tn-°m≥ \n-tbmKn-X-bm-hp-∂ \-gv-kn-s‚ Po-hn-Xm-hn-jv-Im-c-am-Wv. kp-Nn-{Xm sk≥ {]-Xy-£-s∏-´ kn-\n-a-I-fn¬ A-[n-Ihpw \m-bn-Im-{]m-[m-\y-ap-≈-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. A-Xp-sIm-≠pX-s∂ B kn-\n-a-I-fp-sS s{^-bn-ap-I-fn¬ A-h¿ \n-d™p-\n-∂p. A-Xn-i-‡-am-b H-cp A-`n-t\-{Xn-sb th-≠n-StØ kp-Nn-{X-sb-°p-dn-®v A-°m-e-sØ kw-hn-[m-b-I¿ Hm¿-°m-dp-≈q-h-s{X. G-Xp `m-h-hpw A-\m-bm-kw {]-I-Sam-hp-∂ H-cp ap-Jw, A-Xy-]q¿-h-am-b kv-ss{X-W-h-iy-X, I-Ym-]m-{X-߃-s°m-Øn-W-ßp-∂ i-co-c-`m-j kr-jv-Sn°m-\p-≈ ]m-S-hw-˛ A-sXm-s° B-thm-fw kp-Nn-{Xm sk∂n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. \n-c-h-[n kp-h¿-Wm-h-k-c-߃ A-h¿ ]p-dw-ssI-sIm≠v X-´n-am-‰n. A-h-bn¬ k-Xy-Pn-Xv td- -bp-sS ]-S-hp-ap-≠v-˛

bq\pkv sNt©cn

F.F-kv. ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-™n

CMYK

B ap-Jw t{]-£-I-cp-sS ap-ºn-se-Øp-∂-Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v Ah¿ ap-∏-tXm-fw kn-\n-a-I-fn¬ H-∂n-®-`n-\-bn-®p. _w-Km-fn kn-\n-a I-≠ an-I-® Xm-c-tPm-Sn-I-fn-sem-∂m-bn-cp-∂p C-hcp-tS-Xv. tZ-h-Zm-kn-eq-sS ln-μn-kn-\n-a-bn-se-Øn. A-Xpw A-∂v Xm-c-knw-lm-k-\-Øn-en-cp-∂ Zn-eo-]v-Ip-am-dn-s\m∏w. tZ-hm-\-μn-s‚ Iq-sS c-≠v kn-\n-a-I-fn¬ A-`n-\-bn-®p-˛ k¿-lm-Zv, s_mw-ss_ Im _m-_p. B-‘n-bn¬ cm-jv-{Sob-Øn-s‚ "S-h-dn-Mv ^n-K-dm'bn i-‡-am-b km-∂n-[yw Im´n-sb-¶n-epw ^n-enw-s^-b¿ t\m-an-t\-j≥ am-{X-ta ssIh-∂p-≈q. an-I-® \-S-\m-bn A-s°m-√w Xn-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏´-Xv A-tX kn-\n-a-bn-se A-`n-\-b-Øn-\v k-Rv-Po-hv Ip-amdm-Wv. tZ-h-Zm-kn-se ]m-sdm F-∂ lm-ky-{]-[m-\-am-b IYm-]m-{X-sØ A-h-X-cn-∏n-®-Xn-\m-Wv A-h¿-°v an-I-® \-Sn°p-≈ tZ-io-b A-hm¿-Uv e-`n-®-Xv. hn-tZ-i-]p-c-kv-Im-cw t\-Sp-∂ B-Zy C-¥y≥ \-Sn-bpw kp-Nn-{X sk-∂m-Wv- kmXv ]m-s° _-‘-bn-eq-sS. ]p-dw-tem-Iw Im-Wm-sX-bp-≈ H-cp Po-hn-Xw \-bn-®n-cp∂ kp-Nn-{Xm sk≥ U¬-ln-bn-se-Øn A-hm¿-Uv kzo-Icn-°m-sa-¶n¬ Zm-Zm km-l-_v ^m¬-s° {]-Jym-]n-°m-sa∂v _-‘-s∏-´-h¿ A-dn-bn-®-t∏mƒ, ho-≠pw P-\-{i-≤-bnte-°v C-d-ßn-h-tc-≠n-h-cp-sa-∂ `-bw-sIm-≠v A-h¿ AXpw \n-c-kn-®p. kn-\n-a-bn¬-\n-∂v hn-´p-\n-∂ D-S-s\ cm-aIr-jv-Wm an-j-s‚ {]-h¿-Ø-\-ß-fn¬ ap-gp-In. A-hn-sSbpw G-sd-°m-ew \n-∂n-√. A-kp-J-_m-[n-X-bm-bn B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®-t∏m-gpw A-Sp-Ø _-‘p-°-sfbpw th-≠-s∏-´-h-sc-bpw H-gn-®v B-sc-bpw A-dn-bn-®n-s√∂p am-{X-a-√, kw-kv-Im-c-®-S-ßv kz-Im-cy-hpw e-fn-X-hp-am°-W-sa-∂v A-h¿ th-≠-s∏-´-h¿-°v "h-kn-b-Øv' \¬-Ip„ I-bpw sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p.

CMYK

4

{io-\nØpw A-\-¥p-hpw s\¬-k¨ amtjmsSm∏w

kv-Iq-fn-se π-kv-Sp hn-Zym¿-Yn-bm-b {io-\n-Øv 2011se kw-ÿm-\ kv-Iqƒ Im-bn-I-ta-f-bn¬ ssl-Pw-]n¬ kz¿-Ww t\-Sn-bm-Wp sI.-kn.-Fbp-sS an-j≥ tKmƒ-Uv sa-U¬ F-∂ ]-≤-Xnbn¬ C-Sw-I-s≠-Øp-∂-Xv. A-ß-s\ F-f-a-°-cbn-se-Øn. Sn.-]n. Hu-tk-∏n-s‚-bpw sI.-B¿. A-Pn-Øn-s‚-bpw t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ F-d-Wm-Ip-fw a-lm-cm-Pm-kv tIm-f-Pv kn-¥-‰n-Iv {Ku-≠n-epw I-eq¿ cm-Pym-¥-c kv-t‰-Un-b-Øn-ep-am-Wp ]-cnio-e-\w. ]-´m-f-Øn¬ tPm-en In-´n-bn-´p-≠v {io\n-Øn-\v. ]-t£, tPm-en-°p t]m-hm-sX ]T-\w Xp-S-cp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ C-\n-bpw a¬-k-c-ß-fn¬ ]-s¶-Sp-Øp hn-P-bn-°m-\m-hpw. C-¥y-°p-th-≠n A-¥m-cm-{„-X-e-Øn¬ sa-U¬ t\-Sm≥ {io-\n-Øn-\p I-gn-bp-sa-∂v ]-cn-io-e-I¿ D-d-®p hn-iz-kn-°p-∂p. ho-´n-se km-l-N-cy-ß-sf-°p-dn-®v Nn-¥n-®m¬ tPm-en-°p

Im-bn-I-ta-J-e D-t]-£n-®v sXm-gn-e-t\z-jn°m≥ ]p-d-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Im-bn-I-an-I-hp ]p-e¿-Øp-∂-h¿-°p tPm-en \¬-Im-s\-¶n-epw k¿-°m¿ {i-≤n-t® a-Xn-bm-hq. sa-®-s∏-´ ]-cn-io-e-\w \¬-Ip-∂-Xn-\p-≈ ku-Icy-߃ \-Ωp-sS kw-ÿm-\-Øv h-f-sc Ip-d-®p am-{X-ta-bp-≈q. \-√ kn-¥-‰n-Iv {Sm-°v t]m-epw hn-c-fw. ]p-Xn-b Xm-c-ß-sf ap-f-bn-te I-s≠Øm-\pw ]-cn-io-en-∏n-°m-\p-am-bn hn-c-en-se-Æmhp-∂ ]-cn-io-e-\-°-f-cn-Iƒ am-{Xw. tem-I-\n-ehm-c-Øn-ep-≈ ]-cn-io-e-\-ku-I-cy-߃ C-hn-sS Iq-Sp-X-em-bn G¿-s∏-Sp-Øn, a¬-k-c-Øn¬ F-Xncm-fn-sb ]n-¥-≈m≥ k-lm-bn-°p-∂ B-[p-\n-I km-t¶-Xn-I-hn-Zy-I-fpw X-{¥-ß-fpw \-Ωp-sS Im-bn-I-Xm-c-߃-°p ]-I¿-∂p-sIm-Sp-°m≥ I-gn-™m¬ sa-U¬-∏-´n-I-bn¬ C-¥y Iq-Sp-X¬ „ D-b-c-ß-fn-se-Øp-sa-∂p Xo¿-®.


Thejas Epaper sunday Edition 2014/01/26