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CMYK

8

13 P\phcn 2014 Xn¶ƒ

13 P\phcn 2014 Xn¶ƒ padasala@thejasonline.com

`qan-°p th≠n MUBEENA KALAM, 1-A

E. RASEENA, 4-B

MIC EMHSS, Athanikkal, Malappuram

H.I.L.P School Neerkunnam, Alappuzha

Govt. L.P. School Kottappadi, Malappuram

P. MUHAMMED AMAL JAS, IV-B

F.sI. aplΩ-Zv ^¿-lm≥, V-D

Alfalah English School, Kaipuram

]n.Sn.Fw.F-®v.Fkv Xm-tg-t°mSv, s]-cn-¥¬aÆ

Fsâ ]q-t´m-«w

CMYK

CMYK

K. JANFI NIHAL, 6-C

2011 apX¬ ]-Øp- h¿-jw ssP-h-ssh-hn-[y Z-i-I-am-bn B-N-cn-°m≥ sF-Iy-cm-{„-k-` B-lzm-\w sN-bv-X-n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. ssPhsshhn[yw Poh\mWv, ssPhsshhn[yw Xs∂bmWv `mhn F∂ ap{Zmhm-Iy-ap-b¿ØnbmWv ssPhsshhn[y ZiIw BNcn-°p∂-Xv. {]-IrXn-tbm-Sv C-W-ßn-bp-≈ Pohn-X-sØ t{]m-’m-ln-∏n-°p-Ibm-Wv C-Xn-s‚ e-£yw.

sI. dao-kv, II- A Pn.Fw. bp.]n kv-Iqƒ sIm-Sn-b-Øq¿, ap°w

F-{X `w-Kn-bm-Wv F-s‚ ]q-t¥m´w F-s¥m-cp kp-K-‘-am-Wv F-s‚ ]p-t¥m-´-Øn\v I¨-Ip-fn¿-a \¬-Ip-∂ ]q-°fpw tX≥ tX-Sn \-S-°p-∂ ]q-ºm-‰-I-fpw Nn-d-I-Sn-®v ]-d-°p-∂ ]-£n-Ifpw hn-cn-™p-\n¬-°p-∂ ]q-°-fpw ]q-t¥m-´-Øn¬ ARSHAD EKKADAN, IX-F ]m-dn-\-S-°p-∂ Xp-ºn-Ifpw E.M.E.A.H.S.S Kondotty ]e-]-e \n-d-Øn-ep≈ ]q-°fpw F-{X a-t\m-l-c-am-Wv F-s‚ ]q-t¥m-´w

V. HIBATH RAHMA, VI-B G.U.P School Ponmala Malappuram

CMYK

F≥. B-cn-^v, Std.- V F-kv.F≥.bp.]n.Fkv sIm√-mbn¬, N√n-ap°v, sIm√w

CMYK


2 13 P\phcn 2014 Xnœƒ

13 P\phcn 2014 Xnœƒ

tIm-gn-t°mSv, a-e-âˆ?p-dw am-Xr-I-IĆ’

]me nt b‰ oh v ]-cn-NcWw tcm-K-ia-\w F-∂-Xn-ep-]cn, tcm-K-eÂŁ-W-Ă&#x;-fp-sS Xo-{h-X Ip-d-bv-°p-∂-Xp h-gn Kp-cp-X-ctam k-ÂśoÂż-Wtam Bb tcm-K-Ă&#x;Ć’ _m-[n-ÂŽ-h-cp-sS t¢-i-Ă&#x;Ć’ H-gn-hm°p-I F-∂ D-tÂą-iy-tĂ˜m-sSbp≈ ssh-Zy-]-cn-Nc-Wtam Nn-InÂŹktbm B-Wv kmÂĽz-\ Nn-InÂŹ-k AYhm "]m-en-tb-‰o-hv ]-cn-N-c-Ww'. B-Zy-Im-e-Ă&#x;-fnÂŹ Cu ]-cn-Nc-Ww e-`nÂŽ-Xv a-c-Wm-k-∂cm-b AÂż-_p-Z-tcmKn-IĆ’-°p am-{X-am-bn-cp∂p. F-∂mÂŹ, C-tâˆ?mĆ’ Nn-InÂŹ-kn-ÂŽp t`-Z-am-°m-hp-∂ F√m tcm-K-Ă&#x;-fnepw tcm-Kn-bp-sS th-Z-

km¼z \ Nn I n  k b ps S \n-_vZ hnπ-hw {ipXn kp-{_-lva-Wy≼

tI

-c-f-Ă˜nÂŹ km-ÂĽz-\-Nn-InÂŹ-km cwK-Ă˜v H-cp _-ZÂŹ {]-Ăżm-\-ambn amdn-b s]-bn≼ B‚ v ]m-entb-‰o-hv sI-bÂż \n-Âť-– hnĎ€-hw kr-„n-ÂŽp ap-t∂-dpI-bmWv. H-cp-ImeĂ˜v amdm-tcm-K-Ă&#x;Ć’ tcm-Kn-bp-sS Zp-cn-Xhpw Ip-Spw-_-Ă˜n-s‚ am{Xw _m-[y-X-bpambm-Wv k-aq-lw I-≠n-cp-∂Xv. F-∂mÂŹ s]-bn≼ B‚ v ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv sI-bÂż {]-Ăżm-\-Ă˜n-s‚ h-c-thmsS tcm-Kn C-\n H-‰bv-°√ F-∂ A-h-Ăż h∂p.

° tIm-f-Pn-se tk-h-\-k-∂-≤cm-b Nne tUmĹ’Âż-am-cp-sSbpw s]m-Xp{]-hÂż-Ă˜-I-cp-sSbpw t\-XrXz-Ă˜nÂŹ cq]w-sIm-≠ k-∂-≤ kw-L-S-\bm-b s]bn≼ B‚ v ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv sI-bÂż skm-ssk-‰n-bmWv tI-c-f-Ă˜n-se am-Xr -]m-en-tb-‰o-hv sI-bÂż Ăżm]\w. thZ-\-sIm-≠p ]pf-™v AÂŹ-âˆ?w B-izm-k-Ă˜n\m-bn sa-Un-° tIm-f-Pn-seĂ˜p-∂ AÂż_pZ-tcmKn-IĆ’-°v -km-ÂĽz-\w \ÂŹ-Ip-I, A-h-cp-sS Nn-InÂŹk-bv-°v km-ÂşĂ˜n-Ik-lm-bw kz-cq-]n°p-I Xp-SĂ&#x;n-b-h-bm-bn-cp-∂p B-Zy- e-ÂŁyw. 1994ÂŹ C-ÂĽy-≼ A-tkm-kn-tb-j≼ t^mÂż ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv sIbÂż (sF.-F.]n.kn) cq-]o-I-cn-°-sâˆ?-´-tXm-sS ]m-en-tb‰o-hv {]-hÂż-Ă˜-\-Ă˜n-\v cmPy-saĂ&#x;pw im-J-I-fp≠m-bn.

]m-en-tb-‰o-hn-s‚ D-Zv`hw aq-Sp-I, a-d-bv-°p-I, H-fn-âˆ?n°p-I Xp-SĂ&#x;n-b AÂż-YĂ&#x;Ć’ h-cp-∂ ]m-en-bÂż F-∂ em-‰n≼ hm-°nÂŹ \n∂m-Wv ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv F-∂ ]-Z-ap-≠m-b-Xv. 1960ÂŹ e≠-\nÂŹ tUm. kn-kn-en tkm-t≠-gv-kv Xp-S-Ă&#x;n-h-ÂŽ ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv sI-bÂż {]-Ăżm-\w hf-sc s]-s´-∂p X-s∂ tem-I-Ă˜p-S-\o-fw hym-]nÂŽp. C-ÂĽy-bnÂŹ tI-c-f-Ă˜n-em-Wv kw-L-Sn-Xhpw hy-hĂżm-]n-X-hpam-b s]-bn≼ B‚ v ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv {]Ăżm-\w B-cw-`n-ÂŽ-Xv. 1993ÂŹ tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-

]m-en-tb-‰o-hv Sow tUmĹ’Âż, \-gv-kv, km-aqln-I{]-hÂż-Ă˜IÂż, ^nkntbm sX-dm-âˆ?n-Ăƒv, H-Iyp-t]-j-\ÂŹ sX-dm-âˆ?n-Ăƒv, k-∂-≤{]-hÂż-Ă˜IÂż, tcm-Kn-bp-sS Ip-Spw-_w F-∂nh-c-S-Ă&#x;p-∂-Xm-Wv ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv Sow. D-Zm-c-a-Xn-I-fpsS k-l-I-c-W-tĂ˜m-sS B-bn-c-°-W-°n-\v thmf‚n-bÂż-am-cp-sS tk-h-\-Ă˜n-s‚ ]n≼-_-e-Ă˜nÂŹ tI-c-f-Ă˜n-s‚ Ip-{Km-a-Ă&#x;-fnÂŹ t]mepw ]m-en-tb-‰ohv sI-bÂż Ăżm-]-\-Ă&#x;Ć’ {]-hÂż-Ă˜-n-°p-∂p.

\bpw A-kz-Ăż-X-Ifpw H-gn-hm-°p-∂Xnt\m Ip-d-bv-°p-∂Xnt\m Cu ]-cnNc-Ww {]-tbm-P-\-sâˆ?-Sp-Ă˜p∂p. AÂż_p-Zw Iq-Sm-sX izm-k-tIm-i-tcm-KĂ&#x;Ć’, hr-°-tcm-K-Ă&#x;Ć’, lr-Z-b-kw-_‘nbmb tcm-KĂ&#x;Ć’, \m-Uotcm-K-Ă&#x;Ć’ Xp-S-Ă&#x;n-b-h-bv°pw Nn-e L-´-Ă&#x;-fnÂŹ AÂż-_p-Z-Nn-InÂŹ-k-bp-sS `m-Kam-b IotamsX-dm-âˆ?n-bp-sS ^-e-am-bp-≠m-hp-∂ _p-≤n-ap-´p-IĆ’ Ip-d-bv-°m\pw ]m-entb-‰o-hv ]-cn-Nc-Ww {]-tbm-P-\-sâˆ?-SpĂ˜p∂p. a-c-Wm-k-∂cmb tcm-KnI-sf k-lm-bn-°p-∂-Xn-\v ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv sIb-dn-\v H-cp {]-tXy-I hn-`m-K-ap-≠v. temIm-tcm-Ky kw-L-S-\-bp-sS \nÂż-hN-\-{]-Im-cw Poh-\v `o-j-Wn-bm-hp∂ tcm-K-ap-≈-h-cpsSbpw A-h-cp-sS Ip-Spw_-Ă&#x;-fp-sSbpw Pohn-X\n-e-hm-cw D-bÂżĂ˜p-∂-Xn-\m-bn tcm-K-\nÂż-W-bhpw th-Z\-kw-lm-c Nn-InÂŹ-kbpw \ÂŹIp∂XmWv ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv sI-bÂż ]-cn-N-c-Ww.

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv, a-e-âˆ?p-dw Pn√-I-fm-Wv ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv {]-hÂż-Ă˜-\-Ă&#x;Ć’-°v amXr-I-I-fm-bn ap-∂nÂŹ-\n∂-Xv. B-ip-]{Xn-°v ]pd-Ă˜v km-aqln-I ]-Âśm-fn-Ă˜tĂ˜m-sS B-Zy-am-bn \n-e-hnÂŹh-∂ ]men-tb-‰o-hv bq-\n-‰v a-e-âˆ?p-dw Pn√-bn-se a-tŠ-cn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. 1996em-Wv C-Xv Ăżm-]n-ÂŽXv. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-° tIm-f-Pn-\p tijw cq-]o-I-cn-ÂŽ tI-c-fĂ˜n-se c-≠ma-sĂ˜ ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv bq\n-‰v Iq-Sn-bm-bn-cp-∂p C-Xv. sXm-´p ]ndsI s]-cn-ÂĽÂŹ-a-Æ-bnepw a-e-âˆ?p-dĂ˜pw bq-\n-‰p-IĆ’ \n-e-hnÂŹh-∂p. CtX amXrI C-X-c Pn√-I-fpw Gs‰-Sp-Ă˜-tXm-sS ]m-en-tb-‰o-hn-s‚ tIc-f-Ă˜n-se {]-hÂż-Ă˜-\-Ă&#x;Ć’ A-ÂĽm-cm{„ X-e-Ă˜nÂŹ {i-≤- ]n-Sn-ÂŽp]-‰n. AXph-gn "tI-c-f amXr-I' ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv {]-_-‘-Ă&#x;-fnÂŹ Ăżm-\w]n-Sn-ÂŽp.

tI-c-f-Ă˜n-se ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv ¢n-\n-°p-I-fnÂŹ B-Zy-am-bn U-bm-en-kn-kv sk‚¿ B-cw-`n-ÂŽXv ta-em-‰qÂż ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv sI-bÂż skm-ssk-‰n-bn-emWv kw-hn-[m-\-Ă˜n-s‚ {]-k-‥n. ]pdw-tem-I-hp-am-bn _-‘-an√m-sX ho-Sp-I-fnÂŹ H-Xp-Ă&#x;n in-„-Po-hn-Xw Ign-ÂŽp-Iq-t´-≠n h-cp-∂h-sc km-[yamb co-Xn-bnÂŹ km-[m-c-W Po-hn-Xm-ÂĽco-ÂŁ-Ă˜n-te-°p Xn-cnÂŽp-sIm-≠p-h-cm\p-≈ ]-≤-Xn-Ifpw ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv sIb-dp-IĆ’ \-S-âˆ?m-°p∂p. tcm-Kn-IfpsS kw-Ka-Ă&#x;-sfm-cp-°nbpw km-[y-am-hp∂ kz-bw sXm-gnÂŹ ]Tn-âˆ?n-ÂŽpw tcm-Kn-

I-fp-sS B--hn-izm-kw D-bÂż-Ă˜n kmaqln-IPo-hn-X-Ă˜n-te-°v AÂŹ-âˆ?-saÂśnepw Xn-cnÂŽp-sIm-≠p-h-cm\pw ]m-entb-‰o-hv thZn-sbm-cp-°p-∂p.

ta-em-‰qÂż ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv sI-bÂż skm-ssk‰n tI-c-f-Ă˜n-se an-I-ÂŽ ]m-en-tb-‰ohp-Ifn-sem-∂m-Wv a-e-âˆ?p-dw Pn√-bn-

se ta-em-‰q-cn-teXv. kwĂżm-\ X-eĂ˜n-se an-I-ÂŽ ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv ¢n-\n-°n\p-≈ _-lpaXn Cu Ăżm]-\w I-cĂż-am°n. ¢n-\n-°v tlmw sI-b-dn-\v ]pd-sa tcm-Kn-I-fp-sSbpw Ip-Spw-_-Ă˜n-s‚bpw ]p-\-c-[n-hm-k-Ă˜n\pw ta-em-‰qÂż ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv skm-ssk-‰n ap≼-ssIsb-Sp-°p-∂p≠v. tcm-Ko-]-cn-N-c-W-Ă˜n-\pw Nn-InÂŹk-bv°pw ]pd-sa `-ÂŁWw, h-kv-{Xw, hn-Zym-`ym-kw, h-n-hmlw, DÂŹ-âˆ?-∂ \nÂżam-W hn]-W-\ kw-cw-`Ă&#x;Ć’, t_m-[-hÂŹ-°-c-W-{]-hÂż-Ă˜-\-Ă&#x;Ć’ Xp-S-Ă&#x;n-b-h-sb√mw ¢n-\n-Iv {i-≤n-ÂŽph-cp∂p.

tlmw sI-bÂż Nn-InÂŹ-k Nn-InÂŹ-k tX-Sn tlm-kv-]n-‰-ep-I-fnte-°v tcm-Kn-sb F-Ă˜n-°p-∂-Xn-\p ]I-cw a-cp∂pw a-‰p- D]-I-c-W-Ă&#x;-fp-ambn sa-Un-° Sow ho-Sp-I-fnÂŹ F-Ă˜n Ah-sc ]-cn-N-cn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv tlm-w sI-bÂż Nn-InÂŹ-k. tlmw sI-b-Âż (Krl-tI-{ÎźoIr-X ]-cn-N-cWw) kw-hn-[m\-am-Wv ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv ]-cn-N-c-W-Ă˜ns‚ k-hn-ti-jX. Im≼kÂż, X-fÂż-hmXw, \-s´√n-\v ÂŁ-Xw ]-‰n In-S-âˆ?n-em-bhÂż, hr°-tcmKnIĆ’, am-\-kn-I-tcm-Kn-IĆ’, hmÂż[Iytcm-K-Ă&#x;-fmÂŹ I-„-sâˆ?-Sp-∂-hÂż, Fbv-Uv-kv _m-[n-XÂż Xp-SĂ&#x;n-b-h-cmWv ]m-en-tb-‰o-hn-s‚ Nn-InÂŹ-k tX-Sp-∂h-cnÂŹ `q-cn-`m-K-hpw. C-h-cn-e-[n-Iw t]¿°pw B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°v t]m-hm-\p≈ im-co-cn-I-ÂŁa-X D-≠m-hn-√. A-hnsS-bm-Wv ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv tlmw sI-bÂż

v h n\ I v P f m I t  ° nU a s v S m ° t ntIm-g

hm-´¿- s_Uv, hoÂŹ-sNbÂż, hm-°¿ Xp-SĂ&#x;n-b D-]-I-c-W-Ă&#x;Ć’ B-hiyw I-gn-™v Xn-cn-tÂŽÂŹ-âˆ?n-°p-∂ hy-h-Ăż-bnÂŹ ku-P-\y-am-bn \ÂŹ-Ip-∂p I-\n-hv

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-° tIm-f-PnÂŹ NnInÂŹ-k-bv-s°-Ă˜p-∂ \n-cm-ew-_Âż G-sdbm-Wv. H-cpt\c-sĂ˜ a-cp-∂n\p-t]mepw a-‰p≈-h-cp-sS ap-ÂşnÂŹ ssI \o-´m≼ \nÂż-_-‘nX-cm-hp-∂hÂż. C-Ă˜-c-°mÂż-°v B-izm-kw \ÂŹIp-I F-∂ e-ÂŁy-tĂ˜m-sS 2005ÂŹ ]n-dhn-sb-Sp-Ă˜ kw-cw-`-am-Wv I-\n-hv. 20 bq-\n-‰p-I-fn-em-bn 500 Hm-fw kv-{Xo-]pcp-j-∑mÂż DĆ’-sâˆ?-Sp-∂ ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv hnMpIĆ’ I-\n-hn-s‚ Io-gnÂŹ {]-h-Âż-Ă˜n-ÂŽp-h-cp∂p. sa-Un-° tIm-f-Pn-se tUm-Ĺ’Âż-amscbpw sa-Un-° hn-ZymÂż-Yn-I-sfbpw DĆ’sâˆ?-Sp-Ă˜n tcm-Kn-IĆ’-°v B-h-iyam-b k-lmb-Ă&#x;Ć’ Ir-Xy-k-ab-Ă˜v e-`y-am-°p-∂-Xn-\v B-cw-`n-ÂŽ kw-c-w`-amWv "I-\n-hv slÂŹ-âˆ?n-Mvlm‚ v.' km-Âş-Ă˜n-I-am-bn ]n-∂m-°w \n°p∂ tcm-Kn-IĆ’-°p th-≠ km-Âş-Ă˜n--Iklm-bw I-s≠-Ă˜p-∂-Xn-\m-h-iyam-b {]-hÂżĂ˜-\-Ă&#x;fpw C-Xn-s‚ Io-gnÂŹ \-S-°p∂p.

3

"I-\n-hv' Zn-h-khpw cm-hn-sebpw ssh-Ipt∂-c-hpw 600 t]Âż-°v ku-P-\y-am-bn `ÂŁWw hn-Xc-Ww sN-øp-∂p. ku-P-\y- a-cp∂pw td-j\pw AÂż-l-cm-b-hÂż-°p \ÂŹ-Inhcp∂p. ap-gp-h≼ k-a-bhpw {]-hÂż-Ă˜n-°p-∂ B-[p\n-I ku-I-cy-Ă&#x;-tfm-Sp-IqSn-b Bw_p-e≼-kv kw-hn-[m-\hpw I-\n-hn-\p≠v. 10,000 t]-c-S-Ă&#x;p-∂ c-‥Zm-\ {Kq-âˆ?m-Wv as‰m-cp {]-tXyI-X. I-\n-hn-s‚ Io-gnÂŹ ]p-cpj≼-amÂż-°pw kv-{Xo-IĆ’-°p-am-bn- c-≠v A-`b-tI-{Îź-Ă&#x;Ć’ {]-hÂż-Ă˜n-°p-∂p. A-Uv-an-‰v sN-ø-sâˆ?´ tcm-Kn-IĆ’-°p `ÂŁWw hmÂż-UnÂŹ F-Ă˜n-ÂŽp-sIm-Sp-°p-∂-tXmsSm-âˆ?w hm-´¿- s_Uv, hoÂŹ-sNbÂż, hm-°¿ Xp-SĂ&#x;n-b D-]-I-c-W-Ă&#x;Ć’ B-hiyw I-gn™v Xn-cn-tÂŽÂŹ-âˆ?n-°p-∂ hy-h-Ăż-bnÂŹ ku-P-\y-am-bn \ÂŹ-Ip-∂p. tijw t]-Pv G-gnÂŹ 


CMYK

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4 13 P\phcn 2014 Xn¶ƒ

13 P\phcn 2014 Xn¶ƒ

]-›n-a-L-´w

ssP-h ku-μcyw

P\n-XIw˛ Po-h-PmXn˛ Bhm-k hy-hÿ

cn-Iƒ h-en-s®-dn-bp-∂ Ip-∏n-I-f-S-°-ap-≈ πm-Ãn-Iv km-[\-߃ Xn-∂ am-\p-I-fpw Ip-c-ßp-I-fpw h-b¿ s]m-´n Nmhp-∂-Xm-bn h-∂ hm¿-Ø Iq-´p-Im¿ I-≠n-cn-°p-a-t√m.

{ip-Xn-em¬

5

\n-Xy-l-cn-X h-\-ß-fp-sS km-∂n-[yw F-Sp-Øp]-d-tb-≠ H-cp {]-tZ-i-am-Wv ]-›n-a-L-´w. 45 ao-‰dn¬ A-[n-Iw D-b-c-Øn¬ h-f-cp-∂ hr-£-ß-sf C-hn-sS Im-Wmw. t^-Wp-Iƒ, ]-∂¬-s®-Sn-Iƒ, Hm¿-°n-Up-Iƒ Xp-S-ßn-b-h-bp-sS \n-c-h-[n h-\y C-\-ß-fpw C-hn-sS h-f-cp-∂p-≠v. Nq-c¬, ap-f-Iƒ F-∂n-h-bpw ]-›n-a-L-´-Øn-se \n-Xy-l-cn-X-h-\ß-fn¬ hym-]-I-am-bn Im-W-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v. C-¥ybn-se ssP-h-ssh-hn-[y-Øn-s‚ aq-∂n¬ c-≠p-`mK-hpw ]-›n-a-L-´-Øn-em-Wp-≈-Xv.

ssP-h ssh-hn-[yw

1.

H-tc-X-cw kv-]o-jo-kp-I-fn-ep-≈ Po-h-Pm-eß-fn-se P-\n-X-I-kz-`m-h-Øn-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm\-Øn-ep-≈ ssh-hn-[yw D-Zm-l-c-Ww. ]p-en ]q-®-h¿-K-Øn-ep-≈-Xm-Wv. A-h-bn-se P-\nX-I ssh-hn-[y-am-Wv h¿-W h-ep-∏-Øn-\-Snÿm-\w.-

C-¥yssP-h-ssh-hn-[y

I-e-h-d

CMYK

CMYK

Kw-tK \o-bpw... P-e-t{km-X- p-I-fp-sS a-en-\o-I-c-Ww aqew C-¥y-bpw I-Sp-Ø ip-≤-P-e-£m-a-Ønte-°p \o-ßp-I-bm-sW-∂v C‚¿-\m-j\¬ hm-´¿ am-t\-Pv-sa‚ v C≥-Ãn-‰yq-´ns‚ ]T-\-Øn¬ ]-d-bp-∂p. \m-i-Ønte-°p \o-ßp-∂ tem-I-sØ ]-Øp {]-ap-J \-Zn-I-fn¬ \-Ωp-sS Kw-Kbpw Dƒ-s∏-Sp-∂p. h-\-߃ ]te-S-Øpw hym-]-I-am-bn \-in∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. hm-g-®m¬ h-\-ta-J-e-bn¬ k-©m-

ssPh-ssh-hn-[ysØ aq∂mbn XcwXncn-®n-cn-°p∂p P-\n-X-I ssh-hn-[yw

2.

Po-h-Pm-Xn ssh-hn-[yw ssP-h-a-fi-e-Øn-se B-hm-k-hy-h-ÿ-bn¬ I-≠p-h-cp-∂ k-ky-P-¥p kq-£v-a-Po-hn h¿-K-ß-fp-sS B-sI F-Æw, ]-c-kv-]-c-hpw Np-‰p-]m-Sp-I-fp-am-bpw {]-Xn-I-cn-°p-∂ k-kyß-fpw P-¥p-°-fpw A-ssP-h-h-kv-Xp-°-fpw

a-™pw a-g-bpw a-c-hpw a-cp-`q-an-bpw a-g-°m-Sp-I-fpw I-S-epw I-≠-epw F√mw H-cp-an-®p Im-Wp-∂ cm-Py-am-Wv C-¥y. A-Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv tem-I-sØ 36 ssP-h-ssh-hn-[y I-e-h-d-I-fn¬ H∂m-bn \-Ωp-sS cm-Py-sØ bp-\-kvtIm Xn-c-s™-Sp-Ø-Xv.- ssP-h sshhn-[y-Øn-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ C¥y-sb ]-Øp ssP-h `q-an-im-kv-{X ta-J-e-I-fm-bn Xn-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. 1. Xn_-Ø≥ ln-am-e-b≥ ta-J-e, 2. ln-ame-b ]¿-h-X-ta-J-e, 3. a-cp-`q-an ta-Je, 4. ]-›n-a-L-´ ta-J-e, 5. A¿-[ Duj-c ta-J-e, 6. D-Ø-c-]q¿-h C-¥y (hS-°p-In-g-°≥ ta-J-e), 7. sU-°m≥ ]oT-`q-an ta-J-e, 8. Kw-Km k-a-X-ew, 9. Xo-c-{]-tZ-iw, 10. Zzo-]p-Iƒ (B≥-Uam≥ \n-t°m-_m¿ ta-J-e-Iƒ). C-Xn¬ {]-[m-\ ssP-h-ssh-hn-[y tI-{μ-߃ G s-- Xm-s°-bm-W-∂v \ap-°p t\m-°mw.-

A-S-ßp-∂ ]-cn-X-ÿn-Xn-]-c-am-b hy-h-ÿIƒ F-∂n-h-bm-Wv C-Xp-sIm-≠pt±-in-°p∂-Xv.3.

B-hm-k hy-h-ÿ-bn-se ssh-hn-[yw Po-hn-I-fpw Np-‰p-ap-≈ ssP-h-˛-A-ssP-h P\n-X-I-hn-`m-K-ß-fpw \n-c-¥-c-am-b _-‘Øn-eq-sS kr-„n-s®-Sp-°p-∂ irw-J-e-bm-Wv B-hm-k-hy-h-ÿm ssh-hn-[yw. C-Xv a-Æv, Im-em-h-ÿ, a-g-bp-sS A-f-hv, `q-{]-Ir-Xn F∂n-h A-\p-k-cn-®v hy-Xym-k-s∏-´n-cn-°pw. DZm-l-c-Ww: I-≠¬-h-\-߃, I-S¬, Im-Sv, ]p¬-ta-Sp-Iƒ, ip-≤-P-em-i-bw, a-cp-`q-an F∂n-h.-

B≥-U-am≥ \n-t°m-_m¿ Zzo-]p-Iƒ B≥-U-am≥ F-∂pw \n-t°m-_m¿ F-∂p-ap-≈ c≠p Zzo-]-k-aq-l-ß-fm-Wv C-hn-sS-bp-≈-Xv. b-Ym-{I-aw h-S-°pw sX-°p-am-bp-≈ Cu Zzo-]-k-aq-l-ß-sf 10 Un{Kn Nm-\¬ ]-c-kv-]-cw th¿-Xn-cn-°p-∂p.h-S-°p-`m-K-Øp-≈ B≥-U-am≥ Zzo-]-k-aq-lØn¬ 204 hy-Xy-kv-X Zzo-]p-I-fm-Wp-≈-Xv. B≥-U-am\n-se an-° Zzo-]p-I-fpw sIm-Spw Im-Sp-I-fm-Wv. Cu Zzo]p-I-fn¬ h-S-t° B≥-U-am≥, a-[y B≥-U-am≥, sX°≥ B≥-U-am≥ F-∂n-ß-s\-bp-≈ aq-∂p Zzo-]p-Ifm-Wv {]-[m-\w. Cu Zzo-]p-I-sf th¿-Xn-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂ B-g-hpw ho-Xn-bpw Ip-d-™ Nm-ep-I-fpw I-≠¬-°mSp-I-fpw Cu Zzo-]p-I-sf-√mw ]-≠v H-scm-‰ Zzo-]m-bn-cp∂p F-∂p Im-Wn-°p-∂p. kv-]o-jo-kv ssh-hn-[yw sIm-≠v (200e-[n-Iw kv-]ojo-kv) {i-t≤-b-am--Wv B≥-U-am≥ \n-t°m-_m¿ Zzo]-k-aq-lw. \n-Xy-l-cn-X˛A¿-[-\n-Xy-l-cn-X hr-£ßƒ C-S-Xq¿-∂v Im-W-s∏-Sp-∂Xv cm-Py-sØ ssP-hssh-hn-[y tI-{μ-ß-fn-sem-∂m-Wv. k-ap-{Z-Øn-se ssP-h-k-º-Øn-\m¬ A-\p-Kr-lo-X-am-Wv C-hn-Sw.-

tI-c-f-Øn-se h-\-ß-fp-sS \m-en¬ H-∂v `m-K-tØmfw (3.-48 e-£w sl-Œ¿) \n-Xy-l-cn-X-h-\-ß-fm-Wv. ]›n-a-L-´-Øn-s‚ {]m-¥-{]-tZ-i-ß-fn-em-Wv C-h hym]-I-am-bn-´p-≈-Xv. tI-c-f-Øn-se \n-Xy-l-cn-X h-\-ßsf aq-∂m-bn X-cw-Xn-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.-

1. Z-£n-W ]¿-h-X-ap-Iƒ \n-Xy-l-cn-X-h-\-߃ (Southern Hilltop Tropical Evergreen Forests)

D-b-cw Ip-d-™ hr-£-ß-fm-Wv C-hn-sS-bp-≈-Xv. Ip-∂p-I-fp-sS ap-I-fn-epw sN-cn-hp-I-fn-ep-am-Wv CØ-cw h-\-߃ Im-W-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. ]-›n-a-L-´-Øns‚ Nn-e `m-K-ß-fn¬ Im-W-s∏-Sp-∂ h-\-ß-fn¬ i-cm-i-cn 4,500 an-√n-ao-‰-dn¬ A-[n-Iw hm¿-jn-I h¿j-]m-X-hpw D-b¿-∂ B¿-{Z-X-bpw A-\p-`-h-s∏-Sp∂p. hn-hn-[ X-c-Øn-ep-≈ ap-f-I-fpw h-≈n-s®-Sn-Ifpw C-hn-S-sØ {]-tXy-I-X-I-fm-Wv.-

CMYK

H-cp {]-tZ-i-sØ Po-h-Pm-e-ß-fpw A-h-bp-sS ]m-c-ºcy-kz-`m-h-ß-fp-sS hm-l-I-X-∑m-{X-I-fm-b Po-\p-I-fpw Poh-a-fi-e-Øn-s‚ \n-e-\n¬-∏n-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\-L-S-I-amb B-hm-k-hy-h-ÿ-bpw tN¿-∂-Xm-Wv ssP-h-ssh-hn-[ysa-∂m-Wv C‚¿\m-j-\¬ bq-\n-b≥ t^m¿ I¨-k¿-thj≥ t^m¿ t\-®-dpw bp-ss\-‰-Uv \m-j≥-kv F≥-h-b¨sa‚ v t{]m-{Km-apw \¬-Ip-∂ \n¿-h-N-\w. ssP-h-ssh-hn-[y-Øn¬\n-∂p e-`n-°p-∂ t\-´-ß-sf km-[m-c-W-bm-bn C-t°m hyq-ltk-h-\-߃ F-∂m-Wp hn-fn-°p-∂-Xv. B-lm-cw, h-kv-{Xw, Hu-j-[w, X-Sn, C-‘\w F-∂n-h t\-cn-´p-]-tbm-Kn-°p-tºmƒ hm-bp, P-ew F∂n-h-bp-sS D-]-tbm-K-£-a-X h¿-[n-∏n-°p-∂-Xpw ssP-hssh-hn-[yw X-s∂-bm-Wv.-

CMYK

hn

-I-k-\-Øn-s‚ t]-cn¬ a-\p-jy¿ {]-Ir-Xnsb ]o-Un-∏n-°m≥ Xp-S-ßn-bn-´v Im-e-ta-sdbm-bn. {]-Ir-Xn-hn-`-h-߃ H-cn-°-epw Xocn-s√-∂ [m-c-W-bn¬ A-h ]-c-am-h-[n I-h¿-s∂-Sp-°m\m-Wp \mw {i-an-®-Xv. ssP-h-ssh-hn-[y tim-j-Ww C-∂v a-\p-jy-cm-in t\-cn-Sp-∂ G-‰-hpw h-en-b sh-√p-hn-fn-I-fn¬ H-∂m-Wv. Zq-c-°m-gv-N-bn-√m-Ø ]-≤-Xn-I-fpw a-en-\o-I-c-W-hpw {]Ir-Xn-hn-`-h-ß-fp-sS Zp-cp-]-tbm-K-hp-am-Wv ssP-h-ssh-hn[y k-º-∂-am-bn-cp-∂ `q-an-bp-sS C-∂-sØ A-h-ÿ-bv°p Im-c-Ww. Im-em-h-ÿm hy-Xn-bm-\w, ssP-h A-[n-\nth-iw F-∂n-h-bpw C-Xn-\p Im-c-W-am-hp-∂p. `q-an-bn-se k-ky-k-º-Øn-s‚ A-©n-sem-∂v hw-i-\m-i-Øn-s‚ h°n-em-sW-∂m-Wp \n-K-a-\w. `q-ap-J-Øp-\n-∂v {]-Xn-h¿jw 60 e-£w sl-Œ¿ a-g-°m-Sp-Iƒ A-{]-Xy-£-am-hp∂p-≠.-v


6 13 P\phcn 2014 Xnœƒ

13 P\phcn 2014 Xnœƒ

tem-I-sĂ˜ aq-∂n-sem-∂v Po-hn-hÂż-K-Ă&#x;-fp-≈-Xv ln-am-e-b-Ă˜n-em-sW-∂m-Wv ]T-\-Ă&#x;Ć’ hy-‥-am°p-∂-Xv. sd-Uv en-ĂƒnÂŹ DĆ’-sâˆ?-´n-´p-≈ I-dp-Ă˜ sIm‰n Cu ]Âż-h-X-\n-c-bp-sS 4300Ë›5500 ao-‰¿ D-b-c-Ă˜n-ep≈ {]-tZ-i-Ă˜v Im-W-sâˆ?-Sp-∂p-≠v. bm-°v, I-gp-I≼(tKmĆ’-U≼ Cu-KnĆ’), sIm-‰n hÂż-K-Ă˜nÂŹ-sâˆ?-´ ]ÂŁn-IĆ’, I-gp-X, sN-∂m-b, I-Sp-h, h-en-b A-Æm≼(marmto), Ir-jv-W-ar-Kw, sN-Ί-cn-bm-Sv, lw-KpÂŹ am≼ F-∂n-h-bpw C-hn-sS Im-W-sâˆ?-Sp-∂ Po-hn-hÂż-K-Ă&#x;fnÂŹ Nn-e-Xm-Wv.-

tlm-´v-kv-t]m-´v kw-L-S-\-Iƒ

2. ]-Sn-™m-d≼ Xo-c \n-Xy-l-cn-X h-\-Ă&#x;Ć’

ar-Kw(A-kw) Xp-S-Ă&#x;n-b A-]qÂż-h Po-hn-hÂż-K-Ă&#x;Ć’ h-S-°p-In-g-°≼ kw-Ăżm-\-Ă&#x;-fn-ep-≠v.

(West Coast Evergreen forests)

tI-c-f-Ă˜n-s‚ ]-Sn-™m-d≼ Xo-c-{]-tZ-i-Ă˜n-\p k-ao-]-Ă˜m-bn Ăżn-XnsN-øp-∂ Cu \n-Xy-l-cn-Xh-\-Ă&#x;Ć’ hnhn[ C\w k-ky-P-ÂĽp-Pm-e-Ă&#x;-fmÂŹ A-\p-Kr-lo-X-am-Wv. 45 ao-‰-dnÂŹ A-[n-Iw D-b-c-ap≈ hr-ÂŁ-Ă&#x;-fmÂŹ \n-_n-V-am-Wv Cu h-\-Ă&#x;Ć’. 250Ë›1200 ao. h-sc-bm-Wv C-Ă˜-cw h-\-Ă&#x;Ć’ Im-Wsâˆ?-Sp-∂-Xv. 1500Ë›5000 an-√n-ao-‰-dm-Wv i-cm-i-cn hmÂżjn-I hÂż-j-]m-Xw. \m-Âśv (Mesua ferrea) ]m-en (Palaquium ethipticum), sh-Sn-Ď€m-hv (Cullenia exarillata) F-∂n-h C-hn-S-sĂ˜ Nn-e hr-ÂŁ-Ă&#x;-fm-Wv. a-‰p \nXy-l-cn-X h-\-Ă&#x;-fnÂŹ kp-e-`-am-bn I-≠p-h-cp-∂ IÂŹ-âˆ?-b≼ (Dipterocarpus indicus), I-Âş-Iw (Hopea parvifolia) F-∂o hr-ÂŁ-Ă&#x;Ć’ Im-W-sâˆ?-Sp-∂n-√ F∂-Xv Cu hn-`m-K-Ă˜n-s‚ {]-tXy-I-X-bm-Wv. ar-Zpe-am-b Im-ďŹ -tĂ˜m-Sp- Iq-Sn-b h-≈n-sÂŽ-Sn-I-fpw C-hn-sS [m-cm-f-am-bp-≠v.-

ln-am-e-bw `q-J-ďŹ -Ă˜n-se {]-[m-\-sâˆ?-´ ]Âż-h-X-\n-c-bm-Wv ln-am-e-bw. Cu ]Âż-h-X-\n-c C-ÂĽy≼ D-]-`q-J-ďŹ sĂ˜-bpw Xn-_-Ă˜â‰Ľ ^-e-I-sĂ˜-bpw thÂż-Xn-cn-°p∂p. a-™n-s‚ ho-Sv F-∂m-Wv ln-am-e-bw F-∂Xns‚ AÂż-Yw.-

3. \-\-hmÂż-∂ \n-Xy-l-cn-X AÂż-[ \n-Xy-l-cn-X ss¢-am-Iv-kv h-\-Ă&#x;Ć’ t#(Wet evergreen and semievergreen climax forests) ]-›n-a-L-´-Ă˜nÂŹ 2000 an.-ao-‰-dnÂŹ A-[n-Iw a-g e`n-°p-∂-Xpw k-Zm Im-‰p ho-ip-∂-Xp-am-b {]-tZ-iĂ&#x;-fn-em-Wv C-Ă˜-cw h-\-Ă&#x;Ć’ Im-W-sâˆ?-Sp-∂-Xv. Hm-tcm {]-tZ-i-Ă˜pw A-\p-`-h-sâˆ?-Sp-∂ BÂż-{Z-X, a-g Xp-S-Ă&#x;n-b Im-em-h-Ăżm hy-Xn-bm-\-Ă&#x;Ć’-°v A-\p-kr-X-am-bn k-ky-P-ÂĽp-Pm-e-Ă&#x;-fn-epw km-cam-b hy-Xym-kw A-\p-`-h-sâˆ?-Sp-∂p-≠v. k-ap-{Z-\nc-âˆ?nÂŹ-\n-∂p-≈ D-b-cw A-\p-k-cn-ÂŽv Cu h-\-Ă&#x;sf ho-≠pw aq-∂m-bn Xn-cn-ÂŽn-cn-°p-∂p. 1. Xm-gv-∂ 2. C-S-Ă˜-cw 3. D-bÂż-∂ \n-Xy-l-cn-X-h-\-Ă&#x;Ć’ F∂n-Ă&#x;-s\.-

h-S-°p In-g-°≼ kw-Ăżm-\-Ă&#x;Ć’ A-kw, \m-Km-e≼-Uv, a-Wn-âˆ?qÂż, an-tkm-dmw, {Xn-]p-c, ta-Lm-e-b, A-cp-Wm-NÂŹ {]-tZ-in-se Nn-e `m-K-Ă&#x;Ć’ Xp-S-Ă&#x;n-b h-S-°p-In-g-°≼ kw-Ăżm-\-Ă&#x;-fn-epw \nXy-l-cn-X h-\-Ă&#x;Ć’ hym-]n-ÂŽn-cn-°p-∂p. A-kw Xm-gvh-c-I-fn-se Xm-gv-∂ {]-tZ-i-Ă&#x;-fnÂŹ a-g-°m-Sp-I-fm-Wp≈-Xv. C-hn-sS 2300 an.-ao.-ÂŹ A-[n-I-am-Wv hmÂż-jn-I hÂż-j-]m-Xw. A-kw Xm-gv-h-c-bnÂŹ 50 ao-‰-dnÂŹ A-[nIw D-b-c-Ă˜n-epw G-gp ao-‰-tdm-fw h-Æ-Ă˜n-epw h-f-cp∂ tjm-dn-b A-k-an-° F-∂ hr-ÂŁw hym-]-I-am-bn Im-W-sâˆ?-Sp-∂p._w-•m-tZ-in-t\m-Sp tNÂż-∂p-≈ kw-Ăżm-\-Ă&#x;-fnem-bn Im-W-sâˆ?-Sp-∂-Xpw A-[n-I-sam-∂pw A-dn-b-sâˆ?Sm-Ă˜-Xp-am-b s^-bv-dn-kv eo-^v a-Âśn Im-W-sâˆ?-Sp-∂ {]-tZ-i-am-Wv {Xn-]p-c. {_m-B‚n-te-Uv am≼ (a-Wnâˆ?qÂż), lp-tem-°v Kn-âˆŤ-sW-∂ BĆ’-°p-c-Mv(an-tkmdmw), ta-L-âˆ?p-en(ta-Lm-e-b), H-‰-s°m-º≼ Im-≠m-

A-Xo-h {]m-[m-\y-ap-≈ ssP-h-ssh-hn-[y ta-J-e-bm-Wv tlm-´v-kv-t]m-´p-IĆ’. ssP-h-sshhn-[y tlm-´v-kv-t]m-´p-I-fp-sS H-cp sN-dn-b i-Xam-\w am-{X-ta C-∂v kw-c-ÂŁn-°-sâˆ?-Sp-∂p-≈q. C-h-bv-°p Iq-Sp-XÂŹ kw-c-ÂŁ-Ww \ÂŹ-Ip-I F∂ e-ÂŁy-tĂ˜m-sS \n-c-h-[n A-ÂĽm-cm-{„ kwL-S-\-IĆ’ {]-hÂż-Ă˜n-°p-∂p-≠v. {In-´n-° Ct°m-kn-Ăƒw ]mÂż-´v-WÂż-jn-âˆ?v ^-≠v-(CEPF) k¿°m-cn-X-c Ăżm-]-\-Ă&#x;Ć’-°v ssP-h-ssh-hn-[y tlm-´v-kv-t]m-´p-I-sf kw-c-ÂŁn-°m-\m-bn kmÂş-Ă˜n-I km-tÂś-Xn-I k-lm-b-Ă&#x;Ć’ \ÂŹ-Ip-∂ H-cp A-ÂĽm-cm-{„ kw-L-S-\-bm-Wv. CEPF C-∂v A-ta-cn-°, G-jy, B-{^n-° Xp-S-Ă&#x;n-b `q-JďŹ -Ă&#x;-fn-ep-S-\o-fw B-bn-c-tĂ˜m-fw Ăżm-]-\Ă&#x;Ć’-°v k-lm-b-Ă&#x;Ć’ \ÂŹ-Ip-∂p-≠v. ssP-h-ssh-hn-[y tlm-´v-kv-t]m-´p-I-fp-sS kw-c-ÂŁ-Ww e-ÂŁy-am-°n B-cw-`n-ÂŽn-´p-≈ as‰m-cp kw-L-S-\-bm-Wv I¨-kÂż-th-j≼ C‚-Âż\m-j-\ÂŹ. hm-jn-Mv-S¨ Un.-kn B-Ăżm-\-am°n {]-hÂż-Ă˜n-°p-∂ Cu kw-L-S-\ ssP-h-sshhn-[y kw-c-ÂŁ-W-Ă˜nÂŹ km-aq-ln-I-hpw \-b-]c-hpw im-kv-{Xo-b-hp-am-b C-S-s]-S-ep-IĆ’ \-SĂ˜n-h-cp-∂p. thĆ’-Uv sshÂŹ-Uv sse-^v ^-≠v (WWF) B-cw-`n-ÂŽ H-cp ]-≤-Xn-bm-Wv t•m-_ÂŹ 200 C-t°m-do-Pn-b. Cu ]-≤-Xn {]-Im-cw F-√m ssP-h-ssh-hn-[y tlm-´v-kv-t]m-´p-I-fpw {]-tXyI ]-cn-K-W-\-tbm-sS kw-c-ÂŁn-°-sâˆ?-Sp-∂p-≠v.

ssP-h-ssh-hn-[y Z-i-Iw ssP-h-ssh-hn-[yw Po-h-\m-Wv, ssP-h-ssh-hn[yw Xs-∂-bm-Wv `m-hn F-∂ ap-{Zm-hm-Iy-ap-bÂż-Ă˜nbm-Wv ssP-h-ssh-hn-[y ZiIw B-N-cn-°p-∂-Xv. {]Ir-Xn-tbm-Sv C-W-Ă&#x;n-bp-≈ Po-hn-X-sĂ˜ t{]m-’mln-âˆ?n-°p-I-bpw ]n-ÂĽp-W-bv-°p-I-bpw sN-øp-I-bmWv C-Xn-s‚ e-ÂŁyw. 2012ÂŹ {_ko-enÂŹ \S∂ sF—n D-ÂŽ-tIm-Sn-bn-emWv 2011Ë›2020 h-sc-bp-≈ ]-Ă˜p-hÂż-jw ssP-h-sshhn-[y Z-i-I-am-bn B-N-cn-°m≼ sF-Iy-cm-{„-k-` Blzm-\w sN-bv-X-Xv. C-Xn-s‚ e-ÂŁy-Ă&#x;Ć’ C-h-bm-Wv.1. ssP-h-ssh-hn-[y kw-c-ÂŁ-Ww: ssP-h-ssh-hn[y tim-j-W-Ă˜n-s‚ A-Sn-Ăżm-\ Im-c-W-Ă&#x;Ć’ I-s≠-Ă˜n hn-hn-[ kÂż-°m-cp-I-fp-sS-bpw kw-LS-\-I-fp-sS-bpw k-l-I-c-W-tĂ˜m-sS C-h kw-cÂŁn-t°-≠-Xn-s‚ B-h-iy-I-X-sb Ip-dn-ÂŽv P-\Ă&#x;-sf t_m-[-hÂŹ-°-cn-°p-I. 2020 B-Ip-tÂşm-tg°pw G-‰-hpw Xm-tg-°n-S-bn-ep-≈ P-\-hn-`m-KsĂ˜ h-sc ssP-h-ssh-hn-[y-Ă˜n-s‚ aq-ey-sĂ˜Â°p-dn-ÂŽv t_m-[-hm≼-am-cm-°p-I. {]-Ir-Xn-sb {]Xn-Iq-e-am-bn _m-[n-°p-∂ {]-hÂż-Ă˜-\-Ă&#x;-fpw ]≤-Xn-I-fpw ]qÂż-W-am-tbm A-s√-ÂśnÂŹ ]-c-am-h-[ntbm \nÂż-Ă˜-em-°p-I.

2. ssP-h-k-Âş-Ă˜n-s‚ kp-Ăżn-c-am-b D-]-tbm-Khpw hn-I-k-\-hpw: ]-Ă˜p hÂż-j-Ă˜n-\-Iw h-\-a-S°-ap-≈ {]-Ir-Xn-k-Âş-Ă˜p-IĆ’ ]-c-am-h-[n ]p-\xkr-„n-°p-I. aÂŹ-ky-a-S-°-ap-≈ k-ap-{Z-ssP-hssh-hn-[yw kw-c-ÂŁn-°p-∂-Xn-\v \n-b-a-]-c-am-b amÂż-K-Ă&#x;Ć’ tX-Sn A-an-X aÂŹ-ky-_-‘-\w t]mep-≈-h X-S-bp-I. C-Ă&#x;-s\ I-S-en-se ssP-h-sshhn-[y k-Âş-Ă˜v kw-c-ÂŁn-°p-I.3. P-\n-X-I-t{km-X- p-I-fnÂŹ \n-∂p e-`n-°p-∂ {]-tbm-P-\-Ă&#x;-fpw A-h-bp-sS Xp-ey ]-Âśn-S-epw: C-Xn-\m-bn P-\n-X-I-t{km-X- p-I-fpw km-tÂś-XnI-hn-Zy-bpw hn-I-kn-âˆ?n-°p-I.4. P\n-X-I t{km-X- p-I-fp-sS hn\n-tbm-Kw: ssPh-ssh-hn-[y-Ă˜n-s‚ {]m-[m-\y-sĂ˜-bpw A-Xns‚ \-„w h-cp-Ă˜p-∂ {]-Xym-Lm-X-Ă&#x;-sf-bpw Ipdn-ÂŽv P-\-Ă&#x;-sf t_m-[-hÂŹ-°-cn-°p-I. ]-cn-]m-SnI-fp-sS \-S-Ă˜n-âˆ?nÂŹ s]m-Xp-P-\-Ă&#x;-sf Iq-Sn ]-Âśmfn-I-fm-°p-I.5. s]m-Xp-P-\ ]-Âśm-fn-Ă˜w D-d-âˆ?p-h-cpĂ˜pI: 2020 B-hp-tÂşm-tg-°pw hw-i-\m-iw kw-`-hn-°p-∂ Pohn-hÂż-K-Ă&#x;-sf I-s≠-Ă˜n A-h-bp-sS kw-c-ÂŁWw D-d-âˆ?p-h-cp-Ă˜p-I.-

KpW-]mTIY-IĆ’ A_vZp√ t]cm{Âş

temIsĂ˜ am‰m-\m-hn-√ ]≠v]≠v Hcp cmPyĂ˜v Hcp cmPm-hp-≠m-bncp∂p. Hcn-° cmPmhv Hcp hnZq-c-tZ-itĂ˜Â°v bm{X t]mbn. BZy-am-bm-bn-cp∂p AĂ&#x;-s\-sbmcp bm{X! bm{X Ign™v sIm´m-c-Ă˜nÂŹ Xncn-sÂŽĂ˜nb cmPm-hns‚ Ccp Imep-I-fnepw Ak-lyamb thZ-\-bpw \oÂżs°´pw A\p-`-h-sâˆ?-´p. tdmUv \ndsb Ip≠pw Ipgn-bpw IqÂżĂ˜ I√pIfpw \nd-™-Xm-bn-cp-∂-p. ""\msf apXÂŹ cmPysĂ˜ tdmUv apgp-h≼ arKtĂ˜mev sIm≠v Bh-cWw sNøWw. AXn-\pth≠n F{X ]ip-°-fpsS tXmev thWa-Âśnepw D]-tbm-Kn-°mw. ]Ww hmcn-t°mcn sNe-hm°mw.'' cmPmhv ]d-™p. CXp- tI´v sIm´m-c-Ă˜nse _p≤n-am-\mb Hcp ]cn-Nm-c-I≼ ]d™p: ""A√tbm cmPm-th, XmÂśsf-ÂĽn-\mWv JP-\m-hnse ]Ww ZpÂżhy-bw

sX‰p-I-fnÂŹ \n∂p≈ ]mTw sshZypX _Ć’_v I≠p]nSn°m≼ th≠n \qdpIW-°n\v ]coÂŁ-W-Ă&#x;-fm-Wv tXmakv BÂŹhm FUn-k\v sN-tø-≠n h∂-Xv. AXn-\p-th≠n B-bn-c-°-W-°n\v D]-I-c-W-Ă&#x;Ć’ A-tÂą-l-Ă˜n\v ZpÂżhybw sNtø-≠-Xmbpw h∂p. HSphnÂŹ kln-sI´v FUn-k-s‚- klmbn C-Ă&#x;-s\ ]cmXn-sâˆ?´p: ""\ΊpsS F√m A[zm-\-Ă&#x;fpw hr-Ym-hn-em-bn. \ap-s°m∂pw ]Tn°m≼ Ign-™n-√.'' Atâˆ?mgpw FUnk≼ B--hnizm-k-tĂ˜m-Sp-Iq-Snk-l-]m-Tnsb

Xncp-Ă˜n: ""\mw \ΊpsS I≠p]nSn-Ă˜Ă˜n-te-°p≈ ]mX-bnÂŹ ASpsĂ˜-Ă˜n-°-gn-™p; [mcmfw ]Tn°p-Ibpw sNbv-Xp. Hcp _Ć’_v IĂ˜n-°m≼ c≠m-bn-cw h-kvXp°ƒ-sIm≠v I-gn-bn-sö Imcyw \mw ]Tn-ÂŽ-Xm-Wv G‰hpw h-enb Im-cyw.'' Kp-W-]mTw: ITn-\-{i-a-hpw {]bXv\-hp-amWv Hmtcm hnP-b-Ă˜ns‚bpw ]nd-Inse cl-kyw.

sNøp∂Xv? cmPy-Ă˜ns‚ \√ Imcy-Ă˜n-\p-th≠n B Xp-I D]-tbmKn-°mat√m? ]-I-cw XmÂś-fpsS Imep-Iƒ°v tbmPyamb Hcp XpIÂŹ sNcnâˆ?v ]WnXmÂŹ-t]mtc?'' AXp tI´v cmPmhv AZv`p-X-sâˆ?´p-. icn-bm-Wt√m. Xms\-ÂĽpsIm≠v AĂ&#x;s\ Nn-ÂĽnÂŽn√! A-∂p cmPmhv H-cp ]pĂ˜â‰Ľ XpIÂŹ sN-cn-âˆ?v hcpĂ˜nÂŽv {]iv\-]-cn-lm-c-ap-≠m-°n. Kp-W-]mTw: Cu temIsĂ˜ ktÂĽm-j-{]-Z-am-°m≼ kzbw amdp-IbmWv \mw sNtø-≠-Xv. A√msX BZyw temIsĂ˜ am‰p-I-b-√.

t]Pv aq-∂v Xp-S-¿Ž 

km-ÂĽz-\-ta-Im≼ A-bÂŹ-°-ÆnIĆ’ F≼.F≼.]n.kn. AY-hm \-bv-_Âż-lp-Uv s\-‰vhÂż-°v C≼ ]m-en-tb-‰ohv sI-bÂż F-∂-Xv ]m-en-tb-‰o-hn-s‚ {][m-\ {]-hÂż-Ă˜-\ hn-`m-K-am-Wv. tcm-Kn-I-fp-sS k-aq-l-Ă˜n-se {In-bm--Ihpw kw-L-Sn-X-hpam-b C-S-s]S-en-\v B-h-iyam-b k-lm-b-Ă˜n-\v h-gn-sbm-cp-°m≼ cq-]wsIm-Sp-Ă˜ kwc-w`-am-Wv F≼.F≼.]n.kn. AY-hm km-ÂĽz-\-ta-Im≼ A-bÂŹ-°-ÆnIĆ’. CĂ˜-cw tcm-Kn-Iƒ°pw A-h-cp-sS Ip-Spw-_-Ă˜n\pw k-lm-b-Ă&#x;Ć’ sN-øm≼ H-gn-hp-k-a-b-Ă&#x;-fnÂŹ H-cp`m-Kw sN-e-h-gn-°m≼ XmÂŹ-âˆ?-cy-ap-≈ km-[m-c-W-°mÂż-°p ]-cn-ioe-\w \ÂŹ-Ip-∂-Xn-\p-≈ ]≤-Xn B-kq-{XWw sN-øm≼ F≼.F≼.]n.kn. ap-≼-ssI-sb-Sp-°p-∂p. \m-ep k-∂-≤kw-L-S-\-IĆ’ tNÂż-∂v a-e-âˆ?p-dw Pn√-bnemWv B-Zy-am-bn F≼.F≼.-]n.kn-°v cq-]w\ÂŹ-In-b-Xv.

thm-f-‚ n-bÂż-amÂż [-\-k-am-l-c-W-Ă˜n-s‚ a-s‰m-cp t{kmX- v ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv thm-f-‚ n-bÂżam-cmWv. kv-Iq-fp-I-fnepw I-S-I-fn-ep-sa√mw t_m-Iv-kv hÂŽpw ho-Sp-I-fnÂŹ Ib-dn ]n-cn-sh-SpĂ˜pw thmf-‚ n-bÂż-amÂż ]-Ww kz-cq-]n-°p∂p. A-Xp-sIm≠pX-s∂ ]m-en-tb-‰o-hns‚ \-s´√v F-∂-dn-b-sâˆ?-Sp∂-Xv thm-f‚n-bÂż-amcm-Wv. tI-c-f K-h¨-sa‚ v XtÂą-i kz-bw`-c-W Ăżm-]-\-Ă&#x;Ć’ h-gn ]m-entb-‰o-hv kw-cw`-sĂ˜ Iq-Sp-XÂŹ hn-]p-e-sâˆ?-Sp-Ă˜m≼ Xo-c-p-am-\n-ÂŽn-cp∂p. _-P-‰nÂŹ ]m-en-tb‰o-hns\ DĆ’-s°m-≈n-ÂŽv a-tŠ-cn-bn-se XtÂą-i kz-bw`c-W Ăżm]\w Cu cwK-Ă˜v amXr-I Im-Wn-ÂŽn-cp-∂p.

]m-en-tb-‰o-hv \-bw 2008em-Wv tI-c-f kÂż-°mÂż ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv \-bw {]-Jym-]n-ÂŽXv. ]m-entb-‰o-hv sI-bÂż B-tcm-Ky ]-cn-]m-e-\-Ă˜n-s‚ A-hn-`m-Py-`m-K-am-sW∂v Cu \-bw hy-‥-am-°p∂p. X-tÂą-i-Ăżm-]-\-Ă&#x;-fp-sS hmÂżjn-I ]-≤-XnIĆ’-°v A-\pa-Xn e-`n-°-W-sa-ÂśnÂŹ ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv ]-cn-N-c-W-Ă˜n-\v ]≤Xn k-aÂż-âˆ?n-tÂŽ a-Xn-bm-hq F-∂m-Wv ]pXn-b \bw. Cu ]≤-Xn \-S-âˆ?m-°p∂-tXm-sS B-Zy k-ÂşqÂżW ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv kw-Ăżm-\-sa-∂ _-lpa-Xn tI-c-f-Ă˜n-\v e-`n-°pw. ]tÂŁ, \nb-aw Im-cy-ÂŁ-a-am-bn \-S-âˆ?mhW-saÂśnÂŹ k-∂-≤-kw-L-S-\-I-sfbpw Cu ]-≤-Xn-bnÂŹ tNÂż-t°-≠n- h-cpw. A-Xv b-Ym-hn-[n \-S-âˆ?m-°n-bmÂŹ 978 ]-Šm-b-Ă˜p-I-fn-epw 60 \-K-c-k-`-Ifnepw A-Šv tImÂż-]-td-j-\p-I-fnepw ]m-en-tb-‰o-hv sI-bÂż tkh-\w e`n-°pw. H-∂-c-e-ÂŁ-Ă˜n-te-sd h-cp∂ tcm-Kn-IĆ’-°m-Wv A-Xn-s‚ {]tbmP-\w e-`n-°p-I. tcm-Kn-I-fp-sS ]p-\-c-[n-hm-khpw Ip-Spw-_tÂŁ-a {]hÂż-Ă˜-\-Ă&#x;-fp-sa√mw ]-≤-Xn-bp-sS `m-K-am-bp≠v.

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Thejas Epaper sunday Edition 2014/01/12