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CMYK

2

2014 P\p-hcn 5 Rm-b-¿ hmfyw 8 e°w 410

dp-Jn-b-bp-sSbpw A-Nyp-X≥ \m-b-cp-sSbpw ta-Z- p-‰ i-co-c-Øn¬-\n-∂p {]-tal-sØ H-gn-hm°n-b IY

3

"Sn-∏p-hn-s‚ I-c-hmƒ' F-∂ Kn-Zv-hm-\n t\m-h¬ ]-cn-`m-j-bv-°v N-cn-{X-Im-c≥ tUm. sI.sI.F≥. Ip-dp-∏n-s‚ B-kzmZ-\w

4

Znh-kß - t- fmfw ]-g° - a- p-≈ ihw-t]mepw t]m-kv‰- v tam¿-´Ø - n-\v F-Sp-°p-∂- sh´p-s]m-fn tPm-kv ]-gs- bm-cp ]-{Xdn-t]m¿-´d- m-Wv

CMYK

CMYK

tUm-IvS¿

sI.-Fw. A-Iv-_¿ -≠m-{]m-Wn-I-fm-b, N-e-\-tijn-bn-√m-Ø tcm-Kn-I-fp-am-bn _-‘p-°ƒ Nn-In-’ tX-Sn Chn-tS-°v Hm-Sn-sb-Øpw. tUm-Iv-S-tdm-Sv tcm-K-hnh-cw ]-d-bpw. `-b-¶-c eq-kv-tam-j≥, C-S-hn-´p-≈ Np-a, ssI-sbm-Sn-™p.-.-. tcm-Kn-sb ]-cn-tim-[n-® tUm-Iv-S¿ D-S≥ X-s∂ Nn-In¬-k hn-[n-°pw. Nn-e¿°v Ip-Øn-h-bv-∏v, Nn-e¿-°v A-h-b-hw am-‰n-h-bv-°¬ i-kv-{X-{In-b, a-‰p Nn-e¿-°v U-bm-en-kn-kv, A-Xym-hiy-L-´-ß-fn¬ πm-kv-‰n-Iv k¿-P-dn.-.-. A-ß-s\ ]-e-hn-[ Nn-In¬-k-Iƒ. ]-d-™p-h-cp-∂-Xv G-sX-¶n-epw ssl-sS-Iv tlm-kv-]n-‰en-se Nn-In¬-k-sb-°p-dn-®-√. C-sX-√mw Xr-iq¿ ]m-e-kv tdm-Un-se tlm-W-kv-‰v s]≥ tlm-kv-]n-‰-en-se hn-ti-j-ßfm-Wv. an-≠m-{]m-Wn-I-fm-b tcm-Kn-I-fp-am-bn F-Øp-∂-h-cn¬ A-[n-I-am-cpw \n-cm-i-cm-bn Cu "B-Xp-cm-e-b'Øn¬-\n-∂pw a-Sßm-dn-√. Im-c-Ww H-cp-am-Xn-cn-s∏-´ t]-\-tcm-K-߃-s°-√mw C-hnsS hn-Z-Kv-[-Nn-In-’ In-´pw. "lr-Z-bw', "I-cƒ' F-∂p-th-≠, "In-Uv-\n' h-sc am-‰n-h-bv-°m-\p-≈ kw-hn-[m-\-ß-fpw C-hn-sS-bp-≠v. kv-s]-b¿]m¿-Sv-kn-\pw a-s‰-hn-tS-bpw A-e-tb-≠. In-S-Øn Nn-In-’ th-≠-h¿-°v A-Xp-am-hmw. A-c \q-‰m-≠n-e-[n-Iw ]-g-°-ap-≠v Cu s]≥ tlm-kv-]n-‰-en-\v. Ir-Xy-ambn-∏-d-™m¬ 1959em-Wv tlm-W-kv-‰v s]≥ tlm-kv-]n-‰¬ B-cw-`n-®-Xv. \mk-dn-s‚ ]n-Xm-hv tIm-tem-Øp-]-d-ºn¬ sI.-Fw. A-–p-√ sN-dp-∏-Øn-te \mSp-hn-´v F-Øn-t®¿-∂-Xv sIm¬-°-Ø-bn-se H-cp t]-\ \n¿-am-W I-º-\n-bn¬. ]Øp-h¿-j-tØm-fw A-hn-sS tPm-en-t\m-°n-b ssh-Z-Kv-[y-hp-am-bn \m-´n¬ Xn-cns®-Øn-b-t∏m-gm-Wv A-t±-lw Xr-iq-cn-se ]m-e-kv tdm-Un¬ tam-U¬ t_m-bv-kv kvIq-fn-\-Sp-Øm-bn s]≥ tlm-kv-]n-‰¬ B-cw-`n-®-Xv.\-Sp-shm-Sn-™v Np-h-∂ tNm-c(a-jn)sbm-en-∏n-°p-∂ h-en-sbm-cp t]-\-sb In-S-Ønb kv-s{S-Iv-®¿ c-≠p-t]¿ Xm-ßn-∏n-Sn-®v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°v Hm-Sp-∂ h-en-b Nn-{Xw tlmkv-]n-‰-en-\p ap-∂n-ep-≠v. C-Xp-h-sc Z-i-e-£-Øn-e-[n-Iw t]-\-I-fp-sS Nn-In¬-k-bv-°p ]qc-\-K-cn-bn-se Cu tlm-kv-]n-‰¬ km-£yw h-ln-®p. C-Xn¬ c-≠p cq-] ap-X¬ 30,000 cq-] hsc hn-e-a-Xn-°p-∂ t]-\-I-fp-≠v. h¿-j-߃ I-gn-™-t∏mƒ hm¿-[-Iy-k-l-P-am-b A-kp-J-߃ aq-ew A-–p-√-bv-°v tcm-KnI-sf Nn-In-’n-°m≥ km-[n-°m-sX-bm-bn. Zn-h-k-hpw F-Øp-∂-h-tcm-Sv a-dp-]-Sn ]-d-™v a-Sp-Øt∏m-gm-Wv a-I≥ \m-k-dn-s‚ cw-K-{]-th-iw. Nn-In-’-bn¬ _m-∏-sb k-lm-bn-®n-´p-≈ ]-cn-N-b-kº-Øv ap-X¬-°q-´m-b-tXm-sS 1979 ap-X¬ \m-k¿ Cu tlm-kv-]n-‰-en¬ Pq-\n-b¿ tUm-Œ-dm-bn. B-ZyIm-e-ß-fn¬ ]-e-t∏m-gpw Nn-e \n¿-Wm-b-I-L-´-ß-fn¬ _m-∏-bp-am-bn I¨-kƒ-´v sN-bv-Xm-bn-cp-∂p \m-k-dn-s‚ Nn-In-’. Nn-In¬-k-bn¬ ]-cn-N-b-k-º-∂-X t\-Sn-b-tXm-sS tem-I-sØ G-Xp t]-\ I-≠mepw C-t∏mƒ \m-k¿ tUm-Iv-S¿ sRm-Sn-bn-S-bn¬ Xn-cn-®-dn-bpw. 2010 Un-kw-_¿ 18\v A-–p-√ a-cn-®-tXm-sS Cu s]≥ tlm-kv-]n-‰-en-se No-^v ^n-kn-jy-\pw k¿-P-\psa-√mw C-t∏mƒ C-t±-l-am-Wv. sh-≈n-bm-gv-N 12.-30 ap-X¬ c-≠p a-Wn h-sc-bpw Rm-b-dm-gv-N ]q¿-W-am-bpw Cu tlm-kv-]n-‰¬ A-S-®n-Spw. a-‰p Zn-h-k-ß-fn¬ cm-hn-se H-º-Xp a-Wn ap-X¬ ssh-Io-´v B-dp a-Wn h-sc-bm-Wp NnIn¬-k. tlm-kv-]n-‰¬ sI-´n-S-Øn-\p Np-‰pw Iq-‰≥ sI-´n-S-߃ D-b¿-s∂-¶n-epw B ]-g-b sI-´n-S-Øn¬ X-s∂ C-∂pw {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂p.

an

sk‚n-sa‚¬ t]-\-Iƒ

 v -S-§n n -¯ N -b -mIp-fym-Kn-I n-\n-S -X -W Z n. F-d p Hu-t p-¡p¶-]Xn n-sâ s]m« Hc -s¦-S jv{S -em-a oWp m-Sp-¯. ] ³ cm  I p-h v sI ]³ ap -Ðp ne-¯ n-Uâ m³ s w A -\- \ v {]-k m-«À-a -I t] -© ³ h Ä¡ v {^ n-Sn-e q-dp-I n-ª ¸mÄ I n-¡ -I-g n-b-t n a-Wn-In-Õ n-d-¡ -\m-b N p-d-¯ p-«-¸ ] \I hn.-hn.-sF.-]n. t]-jy‚v-kv t] F-d-Wm-Ip-f-Øv H-cp Hu-tZym-Kn-I-N-S-ßn¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ ap≥ Iw-]yq-´¿-bp-K-Øn-epw ]-e¿°pw t]-\-I-fp-am-bp-≈ B-fl-_-‘w h-f-sc h-ep-Xm-Wv. h¿-j-ß-fm-bn H-cp {]-tXy-I t]-\ D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-h¿-°v A-Xn-s√-¶n¬ F-gp-Øp kp-J-am-hn-√. BZy-am-bn {]-W-b-te-J-\-sa-gp-Xn-b t]-\, 10mw ¢m-kv ]-co-£ F-gp-Xn-b t]-\, {]n-b-s∏-´-h¿ k-Ωm-\-am-bn \¬-In-b t]-\, h¿-j-ß-tfm-fw Hm-^n-kn¬ F-gp-Øp-Ip-Øp-Iƒ-°v D-]-tbm-Kn-® t]-\.-.-. C-Ø-c-Øn¬ sk‚n-sa‚¬ t]-\-I-fm-Wv Cu tlm-kv-]n-‰-en¬ A-[n-I-hpw Nn-In-’-bv-s°-Øp∂-Xv. sN-dn-b A-kp-J-am-sW-¶n¬ H.-]nbn¬ ]-cn-tim[n-®p hn-Spw. A-s√-¶n¬ In-S-Øn-Nn-In-’ X-s∂-th-Ww. Nn-In-’-bv-°v B-h-iy-am-b D-]-I-c-W-ß-fn¬ ]-e-Xpw \m-k¿ kz-¥-am-bn \n¿-an-°pw. D-S-a-ÿ≥ D-≈p Xp-d-∂m-te tcm-K-\n¿-W-b-hpw Nn-In-’-bpw \-S-Øm-\m-hq. H-cp ]-cn-[n-hsc D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xn-se A-{i-≤-bpw A-dn-hn-√m-bv-a-bp-am-Wv t]-\-Iƒ-°v A-kp-Jw ]n-Sn-s]-Sm≥ Im-c-Ww. k-aq-l-Øn-\v klm-b-I-am-hp-∂ hy-Xy-kv-X tPm-en sN-øp-∂ B-fp-I-sf B-Z-cn-°p∂-Xn-\m-bp-≈ k-Xv-kw-Kv ]p-c-kv-Im-cw \¬-In 20011¬ tI-c-f k¿°m¿ \m-k-dn-s\ B-Z-cn-®p.

cm-jv-{S-]-Xn A-–p¬ I-em-an-s‚ t]-\ \n-e-Øp-ho-Wp s]m-´n. A-sXm-cp km-[mc-W t]-\ B-bn-cp-∂n-√. {^-©v {]-kn-U‚ v sIm-Sp-Ø In-Sn-e≥ hm-´¿-am≥ s]≥.

tcm-K-{]-Xn-tcm-[ am¿-K-߃

o_v . \-P I s . sI -t´m: t^m

k-Ωm-\-am-bn-°n-´n-b, D-t]-£n-°m≥ ]-‰m-Ø, Xo-cp-am-\-ß-fn¬ H-cp i-‡n-bm-sW-∂p a-\- nem-°n-b t]-\.-.-. C-Ø-cw t]-\-I-fm-Wp ]-e-cpw C-hn-sS Nn-In¬-k-bv-°m-bn sIm-≠p-h-cp-∂-Xv. t]\-bp-sS G-Xp {]-iv-\-߃-°pw C-hn-sS ]-cn-lm-c-ap-≠v. c-≠p cq-]-bp-sS kv-‰n-°v ap-X¬ hm-´¿am≥, jn-t^-gv-kv, lo-tdm, tam-≠v ªm-Iv, t{Im-kv, ss]-e-‰v, ssa-t{Im t]-\-h-sc C-hn-sS tI-SpXo¿-Øp-sIm-Sp-°pw. t]-\-bp-sS Nn-In¬-k-bv-°v ti-jw tUm-Œ-dp-sS h-I Iu¨-kn-en-Mp-ap≠v. t]-\ kq-£n-°p-∂-Xn-s\-∏-‰n, D-]-tbm-Kn-t°-≠ co-Xn-I-sf-∏-‰n. ÿn-c-am-bn F-gp-Øp-Ip-Øp-Iƒ \-S-Øp-∂-h¿-°p a-jn-t∏-\-bm-Wp em-`w. H-cp Ip-∏n a-jnbp-s≠-¶n¬ H-cp h¿-jw D-]-tbm-Kn-°mw. ]-t£, B-gv-N-bn-sem-cn-°-se-¶n-epw a-jn-t∏-\ sh-≈w ]-ºv sN-bv-Xp I-gp-I-Ww F-∂p am-{Xw. A-Xp-t]m-se H-cp h¿-j-Øn-te-sd ]-g-°ap-≈ a-jn hm-ß-cp-Xv. Im-c-Ww A-Xn-se cm-k-L-S-I-߃ th¿-]n-cn-™v t]-\-bv-°v AWp-_m-[-tb¬-°m≥ km-[y-X-bp-≠v. t]-\-bv-°p am-{X-a-√ C-hn-sS D-S-a-ÿ¿-°pw NnIn¬-k-bp-≠v. F-gp-Xp-tºmƒ ssI-°v th-Z-\-bp-≈-h¿-°v C-hn-sS \n-∂pw kv-s]-jy¬ Xp-I¬ t]-\ e-`n-°pw. Nn-e t]-\ D-]-tbm-Kn-®m¬ Nn-e¿-°v A-e¿-Pn-bp-≠m-hpw, a-‰p Nn-e¿-°v ssI-°v hn-d-b¬, A-Ø-c-°m¿-°p-≈ {]-tXy-I X-cw t]-\-bpw sd-Un. tijw t]-Pv c-≠n¬ 

hchm-bn I-S-em-kv t]-\Iƒ -cn-ÿn-Xn ku-lr-Z hn-Zym-e-b ]-≤-Xn' F∂ t]-cn¬ kw-ÿm-\-Øv B-Zy-am-bn kºq¿-W πm-Ãn-Iv-t]-\-hn-ap-‡ hn-Zym-e-b-ß-fp-≈ \ntbm-P-I-a-fi-e-am-bn am-dm-s\m-cp-ßp-I-bm-Wv sImSp-ß-√q¿. ]-I-cw I-S-em-kv t]-\-I-fm-Wp h-cp-∂-Xv. km-[m-c-W \mw D-t]-£n-°p-∂ h¿-Ø-am-\-]-{X-ßfn-te-bpw am-kn-I-I-fn-te-bpw I-S-em-kv {]-tXy-I b-{¥-Øn¬ Np-cp-´n-bm-Wv t]-\-bp-sS Iq-Sv \n¿-an-°p∂-Xv. B-Zy-L-´-Øn¬ Xn-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´ 25 A-Ωam¿-°p c-≠p tI-{μ-ß-fn-em-bn aq-∂p Zn-h-k-sØ

"]

]-cn-io-e-\w \¬-Ipw. C-h¿ a-‰p-≈-h¿-°v ]-cn-io-e\w \¬-Ipw. h¿-j-ß-fm-bn t]-∏¿-t]-\ \n¿-am-W-cwK-Øv {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂ ssh-°w kz-tZ-in-\n e-£v-an F≥. ta-t\m-\m-Wv ]-≤-Xn tIm-˛-Hm-Un-t\-‰¿. an-°-t∏m-gpw in¬-∏-im-e-I-fn-epw k-tΩ-f-\-ß-fnepw ]-s¶-Sp-°p-tºmƒ X-cp-∂ t]-\-Iƒ \mw ]m-Xnh-gn-°v D-t]-£n-°p-I ]-Xn-hv. C-Xn-\v X-S-bn-Sp-I-bmWv I-S-em-kv t]-\-I-fp-sS e-£y-sa-∂v Sn .-F≥. {]Xm-]≥ Fw.-F¬.-F. ]-d-bp-∂p. "D-]-tbm-Kn-°q h-ens®-dn-bq' kw-kv-Im-c-Øn¬ ]-Øv cq-]-bn¬ Xm-sg

hn-e-bp-≈ t_mƒ-t]m-bn‚ v t]-\-bv-°v sN-dp-X-√mØ ]-¶p-≠v. Hm-tcm Zn-h-k-hpw D-]-tbm-Kn-°-s∏-Sp∂ t_mƒ t]m-bn‚ v t]-\-bp-sS I-W-s°-Sp-Øm¬ X-e-Np-‰pw. ssP-h-hn-L-S-\-Øn-\v hn-t[-b-am-hm-sX ]-Xn-‰m-≠p-I-tfm-fw a-Æn-s\ hn-j-en-]v-X-am-°m≥ X-° {]-l-c-ti-jn-bp-≈ ip-≤ πm-Ãn-Iv am-en-\y-amWv C-ß-s\ D-t]-£n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. I-S-em-kv t]-\ B {]-iv-\-ap-≠m-°p-∂n-√. am-{X-a-√, ]m¿-iz-h¬-°cn-°-s∏-´-h¿-°v kz-Po-hn-Xw I-cp-∏n-Sn-∏n-°m-\p-≈ H-cp D-]m-[n-bp-am-hpw. „

CMYK

CMYK

tcm-Kn-sb Xm-ßn-sb-Sp-Øv cm-{„-]-Xn-bp-sS ss{]-h-‰v sk-{I-´-dn s\-t´m-´-am-bn. Xr-iq-cn¬ H-cp s]≥ tlm-kv-]n‰-ep-s≠-∂p a-\- n-em-°n-b ]n.-F. t\-sc Xr-iq-cn-te-°v h-®p-]n-Sn-®p. tlm-W-Ãv s]≥ tlm-kv-]n-‰-en-\p ap∂n¬ Im¿ k-U≥ t{_-°n-´p. "I¨-k¬-´n-Mv ssSw 9.-00 ap-X¬ 6.-00 h-sc' F-s∂-gp-Xn-b t_m¿-Uv Xq-ßn-°nS-°p-∂p. sXm-´-Sp-Øp X-s∂ a-s‰m-cp t_m¿-Uv "tUm-Œ¿ A-I-Øp-≠v'. k-am-[m-\-am-bn. tcm-Kn-sb tUm-Iv-Ssd Im-Wn-®p. B-K-X≥ hn.-sF.-]n-bm-sW-∂-dn-™-t∏mƒ t\-sc "A-Xym-ln-X' hn-`m-K-Øn-te-°v. tcm-Knsb a-e¿-Øn-°n-S-Øn-bpw I-an-gv-Øn-°n-S-Øn-bpw tUm-Œ-dp-sS ]-cn-tim-[-\-Iƒ. ]n-s∂ H-cp C≥-P-Iv-j≥ (kn-dn-©v sIm-≠m-Wv C-hn-sS a-jn \n-d-bv-°p-I). tcm-Kn Ip-´-∏-\m-bn a-Wn a-Wn-t]m-se F-gp-Øpw Xp-Sßn. tcm-Kn-sb s\-t©m-Sp tN¿-Øp-]n-Sn-®v sk-{I-´-dn bm-{X-bm-bn. s]≥ tlm-kv-]n-‰-en-se hn.-hn.-sF.]n. ]-´n-I-bn¬ C-\n-bp-ta-sd-t∏-cp-≠v. ap≥ {]-[m-\-a-{¥n C-μn-cm-Km-‘n, ssh-tem-∏n-≈n, Ip-™p-Æn amjv, km-dm tPm-k-^v Chn-sS Nn-In’ tX-Sn-sbØn-b t]-\ D-S-a-I-fp-sS ]´n-I \o-fp∂p.


2

2014 P\p-hcn 5 Rm-b-¿

dp-Jn-b-bp-sS jp-KÀ tUm. ]n.Fw.F. _-jo¿ -°-gn-™ d-a-Zm-\n-\p 15 Zn-h-kw ap-ºm-Wv ho-´-Ω-bm-b dp-Jn-b B-Zy-am-bn R-ß-fpsS B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øp-∂-Xv. Ip-eo-\X-bpw B-Vy-Xz-hpw {]-I-S-am-b ap-J-`m-hw. hiy-am-b s]-cp-am-‰w. F-¶n-epw Im-gv-N-bn¬ Ah-sc F-t¥m A-kz-ÿ-am-°p-∂p-s≠-∂v tXm∂pw. A-h-cp-sS X-Sn-® i-co-cw X-s∂ {]m-b-Øn\p tbm-Pn-®-Xm-bn-cp-∂n-√. Zo¿-L-Im-e-am-bn A-tem-∏-Xn-a-cp-∂p-Iƒ I-gn-°p-∂-Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv i-co-cw X-Sn-®n-cn-°p∂-sX-∂v tI-kv-jo-‰v ]-cn-tim-[n-®-t∏mƒ a-\ n-em-bn. 32 h-b- p {]m-b-ap-≈ dp-Jn-b 12 h¿j-am-bn {]-ta-l-tcm-Kn-bm-Wv. a-cp-∂p-Iƒ amdn am-dn ]-co-£n-®p-h-cp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. {]-talw ]q¿-W-am-bpw am-‰p-∂p-sh-∂ ]-c-kyw I≠v ]-e \m-´p-a-cp-∂p-I-fpw ]-co-£n-®p t\m-°n°-gn-™p. C-cp-]-Xmw h-b- n¬-X-s∂ G-‰-hpw tam-iam-b jp-K-dn-\v A-Sn-a-s∏-Sp-∂ tI-kv F-s∂ kw-_-‘n-®n-S-tØm-fw B-Zy-tØ-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. dp-Jn-b-bp-sS Ip-Spw-_-Øn¬ X-s∂ {]-ta-ltcm-Kn-Iƒ h-f-sc Ip-d-hm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v hy‡-am-bn. dp-Jn-b-bp-am-bn kw-km-cn-®-t∏mƒ dn´-tb¿-Uv C≥-Iw Sm-Iv-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ-\m-b ANyp-X≥-\m-b-sc-bm-Wv F-\n-t°m¿-a h-∂-Xv. jp-K¿ 400¬-\n-∂p Xm-gm-sX {]-ta-l-Øn-s‚ `o-I-c-am-b A-kz-ÿ-X-I-fpw t]-dn h¿-j-ßtfm-fw Po-hn-®p A-Nyp-X≥-\m-b¿. B-lm-cØn-se \n-b-{¥-W-ß-fpw a-‰p-am-bn I-„-s∏-´ncp-∂ A-Nyp-X≥-\m-b-sc H-cn-°¬ ]-cn-N-b-s∏Sp-∂ B¿-°pw s]-s´-∂p a-d-°m≥ I-gn-bn-√. A-Nyp-X≥-\m-b-cpw h-f-sc sN-dp-{]m-b-Øn¬X-s∂ Cu Po-hn-X-ssi-eo-tcm-K-Øn-\v A-Sns∏-´-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. \-Ωp-sS Po-hn-X-co-Xn am-dn-b-Xn-s‚ {]-Xn-^e-\-am-Wv U-b-_-‰n-Iv tcm-K-߃. ]p-Xp-\q-‰m≠n-se am-c-I-tcm-K-am-bn {]-ta-lw am-dp-I-bmsW-∂p ]p-Xn-b ]T-\-߃ h-∂p-I-gn-™p. hym-bm-a-an-√m-Ø Po-hn-X-co-Xn-bpw A-®-S-°-an√m-Ø `-£-W-{I-a-hpw H-∂n-\pw k-a-b-an-√mØ s\-t´m-´-hp-am-Wv a-e-bm-fn-sb tcm-Kn-bm°p-∂-Xv. kv-Iq-fn-te-°v A-c-°n-tem-ao-‰-td \-S°m-\p-≈p-sh-¶n-epw Ip-´n-Iƒ t]m-epw tamt´m¿ hm-l-\-ß-sf B-{i-bn-°p-∂p. ho-´n¬\n-∂p ao≥ hm-ßm≥ t]m-Ip-∂-Xp-t]m-epw hml-\-Øn¬. a-\p-jy-s‚ ku-I-cy-߃ A-hs‚ B-tcm-Ky-sØ Im¿-∂p-Xn-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn°p-∂ A-`n-i-‡-am-b Im-ew. lw-K-dn A-S-°-ap-≈ hn-tZ-i-cm-Py-ß-fn¬

C

\-Ωp-sS Po-hn-X-co-Xn am-dn-b-Xn-s‚ {]-Xn-^-e-\-am-Wv {]-ta-l kw-_-‘amb tcm-K-߃. ]p-Xp-\q-‰m-≠n-se am-c-Itcm-K-ßfn-sem-∂mbn CXv am-dn°-gn-™p

Xøm-dm-°nbXv:

F.Fw. kp[o¿

C-t∏m-gpw ssk-°nƒ k-hm-cn k-Po-h-am-Wv. sN-dn-b B-h-iy-߃-s°m-s° ssk-°n-fmWv A-h-scm-s° D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. ]-t£, ae-bm-fn-s°-t¥m A-sXm-s° H-cp c-≠mw-X-cw G¿-∏m-Sm-bm-Wv tXm-∂p-∂-Xv. B-tcm-Ky-Imw]-bn-\p-Iƒ kw-L-Sn-∏n-°p-∂ \-Ωp-sS k¿°m¿ ssk-°nƒ-k-hm-cn t{]m¬-km-ln-∏n-®ncp-s∂-¶n¬ A-Xn-s‚ ^-ew h-f-sc h-ep-Xm-Ipam-bn-cp-∂p. dp-Jn-b F-s‚ ap-∂n-en-cp-∂-t∏mƒ C-ß-s\ ]-e-Xpw Rm≥ B-tem-Nn-®p. {]-ta-l-kw-_-‘-am-b tcm-K-߃ \mw X-s∂ D-≠m-°p-∂-Xm-sW-∂v A-h-sc t_m-[y-

s∏-Sp-Øm≥ {i-an-®p. `¿-Øm-hn-s‚ ho-´n-se ku-I-cy-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂p A-h-sc-bpw tcm-Kn-bm°n-bn-cp-∂-Xv. {]-ta-lw ]n-Sn-s]-´v ]-Øp h¿jw ]n-∂n-Sp-tºmƒ a-\p-jy-s‚ B-¥-cn-Im-hb-h-ß-sf _m-[n-°p-∂-Xm-bm-Wv B-tcm-Ky-taJ-e-bn¬-\n-∂p-≈ A-\p-`-hw. In-Uv-\n-sb-bpw lm¿-´n-s\-bpw \-in-∏n-°p-∂ tcm-K-am-Wv C-Xv. a-\p-jy-\p jp-K¿ B-h-iy-am-Wv. A-Xn-s\ \nb-{¥n-°m-\m-Wv \mw io-en-t°-≠-Xv. Ir-Xy-am-b a-cp-∂p-I-fpw A-®-S-°-tØm-sSbpw I-cp-X-tem-sS-bp-ap-≈ Po-hn-X-hp-ap-s≠¶n¬ {]-ta-l-kw-_-‘-am-b tcm-K-ß-sf \n-b{¥n-°m≥ \-ap-°p-I-gn-bp-sa-∂v Rm≥ dp-Jn-bsb t_m-[y-s∏-Sp-Øn. A-tem-∏-Xn a-cp-∂p-Itfm-sSm-∏w X-s∂ I-gn-°m-\m-bn aq-∂p Iq-´w B-bp¿-th-Z a-cp-∂p-Iƒ Rm≥ A-h¿-°p \¬In. km-[m-c-W C-Ø-cw a-cp-∂p-Iƒ tcm-Kn-Itfm-Sp I-gn-°m≥ B-h-iy-s∏-Sm-dp-≈-Xv Zn-hkw c-≠p t\-c-am-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ dp-Jn-b-tbm-SXv aq-∂p-t\-cw I-gn-°m-\m-Wv ]-d-™n-cp-∂-Xv. a-cp-∂p Xp-S-ßn ]-Xn-\-©p Zn-h-kw ]n-∂n-´t∏mƒ X-s∂ jp-K¿-td-‰v 250 D-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv \q-dn-se-Øn. {]-ta-lw ]n-Sn-s]-´-Xn-\p ti-jw A-h-cp-sS Po-hn-Xw Ip-td-sbm-s° Nn-´-tbm-sSbm-bn-cp-∂p F-∂-Xp-sIm-≠m-hmw Nn-In-’ s]-s´-∂v ^-en-®-Xv. A-Nyp-X≥-\m-b-cpw C-ß-s\-bm-bn-cp-∂p. acp-∂p-Iƒ am-dn am-dn ]-co-£n-® i-co-c-Øn¬ A-tem-∏-Xn a-cp-∂p-I-tfm-sSm-∏w X-s∂ Bbp¿-th-Z a-cp-∂p-I-fpw I-gn-°m≥ B-h-iy-s∏-´t∏mƒ 400¬ \n-∂p jp-K¿ 250 B-bn Ip-d-™p. jpK¿ Im-c-Ww ssI D-b¿-Øm≥ I-gn-bm-sX F-s‚ ap-∂n-se-Øn-b A-Nyp-X≥ \m-b¿ hfsc s]-s´-∂m-Wv kp-J-s∏-´Xv. B A-\p-`-h-ßfm-hmw {]-ta-l-Øn-s\-Xn-tc t_m-[-h¬-°-cW {]-h¿-Ø-\-ß-fn-te¿-s∏-Sm≥ A-t±-l-sØ t{]-cn-∏n-®-Xv. dp-Jn-b C-t∏m-gpw F-s∂ Im-Wm≥ h-cm-dp≠v. tcm-K-Øn-s‚ A-kz-ÿ-X-I-sf H-cp ]-cn-[nh-sc a-dn-I-S-°m-\pw A-h¿-°p I-gn-™n-´p-≠v. 20mw h-b- n¬ {]-ta-lw ]n-Sn-s]-´ dp-Jn-b-am¿ \-ap-°n-S-bn¬ [m-cm-f-ap-≠m-hpw. C-Ø-cw tcm-K߃-s°-Xn-tc s]m-cp-tX-≠-Xv H-cp hy-‡n-bpsS am-{Xw I-S-a-b-√. B-tcm-Ky-sØ-Ip-dn-®p-≈ \-Ωp-sS Im-gv-N-∏m-Sp-I-fn¬ H-cp ]p-\-∏-cn-tim-[\ B-h-iy-am-Wv. \mw A-t\z-jn-®p I-s≠-Øp∂ Po-hn-X-ku-I-cy-߃ X-s∂-bm-Wv \-Ωp-sS i-{Xp-sh-∂p \mw Xn-cn-®-dn-b-Ww. „ tIm-gn-t°m-Sv Pn-√m B-bp¿-th-Z B-tcm-KytI-{μ-Øn¬ \n-∂p Pn-√m sa-Un-°¬ Hm-^n-k-dm-bn hn-c-an-®-bm-fm-Wv tUm. _-jo¿

t]Pv H-∂v Xp-S¿® 

IY

sh«p-t]m-¯v A-_q-_-°¿ Im-∏mSv -´ Im-e-sØ Hm-tcm Zptcym-K-sa-∂-√m-sX F¥m ]-d-bym-s‚ ssI-atf? "sh-´p-t]m-Øn-t\m-Sv th-Z-tamXo-´p Im-cy-an-√' F-∂ sNm-√v Ip-´nI-sf hn-kv-X-cn-®v ]Tn-∏n-®n-´p-s≠-¶nepw C-∂-se h-sc A-ß-s\-sbm-cp Po-hn-bp-sS \n-g¬-]m-Sp-t]m-epw ImWm-\n-S-h-∂n-´n-√. C-∂p ]-t£, H-cp L-Sm-L-Sn-bn¬ sh-´p-t]m-Øn-s‚ ap∂n¬ A-dn-bm-sX sN-∂v s]-´p t]mbn Rm≥. a-Z-an-f-In-b B-\-sb sh√p-∂ H-cp C-cp-Im-en! Xn-cp-h-ßq-tc-°v ssk-°n-tfm-Sn®v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p Rm≥. ssk-°nƒ Hm-c-Øp \n¿-Øn, C-cp `m-K-Øv \n-∂p-≈ hm-l-\ß-fp-sS H-gp-°n-\v sNdn-sbm-cn-S-th-f-bm-bt∏m-gm-Wv Rm≥

sI

tZ-io-b-]m-Xbn¬ I-b-dn a-dp-hi-tØ-°v ap-dn-®p I-S-∂-Xv. A-t∂cw C-S-Xp `m-K-Øp-\n-∂v H-cp tamt´m¿ ssk-°nƒ No-dn-∏m-™p h-cp∂p-≠m-bn-cp-s∂-¶n-epw F-s‚ ssk-°n-fn-\v kp-c-£n-X-am-bn ap-dn®p-I-S-°m-hp-∂ A-I-e-Øn-em-bn-cp∂p A-Xv. A-Xp-sIm-≠p X-s∂ Bi-¶-sbm-´p-an-√m-sX a-dp-h-iw ]q-Inb Rm≥ h-e-tØm-´p Xn-cn-™v GXm-\pw-hm-c ap-t∂m-´v t]m-Ip-tºmtg-°v F-s‚ sXm-´-Sp-sØ-Øn-b tam-t´m¿ ssk-°n-fp-Im-c≥ h-≠n km-h-Im-i-Øn-em-°n. G-tXm

]-cn-N-b-°m-c≥ Ip-i-ew ]-d-bm≥ h-≠n-bp-sS th-K-X Ip-d-®-Xm-sW∂ [m-c-W-bn¬ Rm≥ A-h-s‚ t\sc ap-Jw Xn-cn-®-Xpw A-h≥ F-s‚ t\-sc X-´n-°-b-dm≥ Xp-S-ßn. "Fs‚ ss_-°v h-cp-∂-Xp I-≠n-´pw \o-sb-¥n-s\-Sm tdm-Uv t{Im-kv sNbv-X-Xv ]-∂o?' F-∂ Xp-S-°-tØmsS, tI-´m¬ Ip-fn-t°-≠ sX-dn-hm°p-Iƒ hn-k¿-Pn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-h≥; C-S-X-S-hn-√m-sX. B-sI ]I-®p-t]m-b Rm≥ ap-°n-bpw R-cßn-bpw B sX-dn-{]-f-b-sØ {]-Xntcm-[n-°m≥ {i-an-s®-¶n-epw Z-b-\ob-am-bn tXm-‰p-t]m-bn. G-Xm-≠v 300 ao-‰-tdm-fw F-s‚ ssk-°n-fn-\p kam-¥-c-am-bn h-≠n-tbm-Sn-®p-sIm-≠v a-e-bm-f `m-j-bn-se k-I-e-am-\ `-cWn-{]-tbm-K-ß-fpw F-s‚ ap-J-tØ°v O¿-±n-® ti-j-am-Wv B I-iv-ae≥ H-gn-™p-t]m-b-Xv! G-‰-hp-samSp-hn-em-bn A-h-s‚ hm-bn¬-\n-∂p ho-W "F-s‚ X-¥-∏-Sn-bp-sS h-b p-≠m-Ip-a-t√m-Sm ]-∂o \n-\-°v' F-∂ hm-°p-I-fn-eq-sS X-s‚ "]n-Xr`-‡n'bp-sS B-g-hpw Im-´n-Ø-∂p A-h≥. D-S-em-sI hn-d-b¬ ]-S¿-∂-Xp Im-c-Ww Ip-td t\-c-tØ-°v ssk°nƒ N-hn-´m≥ I-gn-™n-√ F-\n-°v. H-cp Im¬ \n-e-Øp Ip-Øn ssk-°nfn¬ X-s∂ Rm≥ {]-Xn-a-t]m-se Ccp-∂p. A-t∏mƒ sX-t°-Xn-se ssj-Pp F-s‚ ap-∂n¬ {]-Xy-£s∏-´p. A-h-s\-s‚ hn-Zym¿-Yn-bm-bncp-∂q-∂v ssI-aƒ-°-dn-bm-tem? "km-sd-¥m ssk-°n-fn-en-cp-∂v kz-]v-\w Im-Wp-I-bm-tWm? AtXm, R-ß-sfm-s° ]Tn-®n-cp-∂ Im-e-tØ tIm-f-Pn-se Im-cy-߃ Hm¿-Øv t]m-b-Xm-tWm? tIm-fPn¬-\n-∂v t]m-b-Xn¬ ]n-s∂ \njm-Zn-s\ km-dv C-∏-gm-hpw Im-Wp∂-Xv?' "G-Xv \n-jm-Zn-s\?' "C-∏w km-dn-t\m-Sv tem-Kyw ]-d™v ss_-t°m-Sn-®p t]m-b \n-jmZv. Rm-\pw A-h-\pw H-tc ¢m-kn-embn-cp-∂p km-td...' Xp-S¿-∂v jm-Pp ]-d-™-sXm∂pw Rm≥ tI-´n-√. I-Æn-em-sI C-cp-´p \n-d-bp-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp! „

lrZb tXPkv Sn.sI. B-‰-t°mb

Ddp-ºp-I-fpsS hnem]w -lm\mb tkm-fa-s\°p-dn-®v H-cp IY-bp≠v. {]-Xm]w, i‡n, A-[n-Imcw, ⁄m-\w XpS-ßn k¿-h ku-`mKy-ßfpw ssZ-hw A-t±-l-Øn-\p {]-Zm\w sN-bvXp. A-t±-l-Øn-\p a-\p-jy-cpsS am-{X-a√ a-‰p Po-h-Pm-e-ß-fp-sS `mjIfpw A-dn-bm-am-bn-cp∂p. H-cp\mƒ tkm-f-a≥ H-cp ssk\n-I am-®v kw-L-Sn∏n®p. ssk\yw H-cp D-dp-ºv Xm-gv-h-c-bnseØn. ssk-\y-sØ I-≠p `-b-hn-lzebm-b ap-Xn¿-∂ D-dp-ºv Cß-s\ hn-fn-®p ]-d-™p: ""tl D-dp-ºpI-tf \n-߃ am-fß-fn¬ A`-bw tX-Sn-s°m-≈p-I. C-Xm kp-sse-am\pw ssk-\y-hpw C-Xph-gn h∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. A-h-cp-sS N-hn-t´‰v \n-߃ sR-cn-™-a-cpw.'' Cu B-lzm\w tI-´v Xm-\n-sXm-∂pw hn-Nm-cn-®n√t√m-sb-t∂m-¿-Øv tkm-fa-\v Nn-cn h∂p. A-t±-lw X-s‚ \n-c-]-cm-[nXzw ssZhsØ t_m-[y-s∏-SpØn. Xp-S¿-∂v A-t±lw ssZ-h-tØm-Sv ]-d™p: ""F-\n-°v \o \¬In-b A-\p-{K-l-߃-°v \-μn-]-dbm≥ DX-hn \¬-IW-ta''. i-‡-hm\pw {]-Xm-]-im-en-bpamb tkm-fas‚ Cu hn\-bhpw D-Zm-c-`m-hhpw A-t±-l-Øn-se \o-Xn-am-\m-b `-c-W-I¿-Øm-hn-s\-bm-Wv sh-fn-s∏-Sp-Øp∂-sX∂v C-Jv_m¬ ]-dbp-I-bp-≠m-bn. D-dp-ºn-s‚ ap-ºn¬ t]mepw A-[n-Im-c-Zp¿-hn\n-tbm-Kw \-SØm-Ø tkm-f-a≥ am-\-hN-cn-{X-Øn-se s]m-≥-Xm-c-I-am-bn {]-Im-in®p-sIm-≠ncn-°p-IX-s∂ sN-øpw. "\√ cmPyw h-cW-ta' F∂-Xv F∂pw P-\-ß-fp-sS B-{K-lhpw {]m¿-Y-\bp-am-bn-cp-∂n-´p-≠v. {]-_-e-cp-sS Xmt¥m-∂n-Øhpw Zp¿-_-ehn-`m-K-ß-fpsS Zp- -l-Po-hn-Xhpw Ah-sc A-temk-c-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂n-´p-ap≠v. Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dn-se P\-t{Zm-l-]-cam-b Znhm≥ `-c-W-Øn-s\-Xntcbp-≈ ssh°w ap-l-Ω-Zv _-jo-dn-s‚ hm-°p-Iƒ Cßs\ hm-bn-°mw: a-\p-jy-s‚ Po-hn-XkzmX-{¥yw Ah-s‚ P-∑m-h-Im-i-am-sW-∂v Im-Wn®p-sIm-Sp-Ø I¿a-[o-cam-b Fs‚ \m-´n¬ F-s¥m-c-Sn-a-Øw, F-s¥mcp tkz-—m-`-cWw. k-Xy-Øn-s‚ sh-fn-®Øn¬ F-{X \-·w F-s‚ \mSv. a¿-±n-Xcp-sS Zo-\-tcm-Z-\-am-Wv C-hn-sS am-s‰men sIm-≈p-∂-Xv. Xß-sf \o-Xn-bp-sS ]√-°n-te-‰m≥ B-K-X-cm-hp-∂ hn-tam-NI-sc {]-Xo-£n®p I-gn-bp-∂ \n- -lmb-sc I-Ym-]m-{X-

a

ß-fm-°n-sb-gp-X-s∏-´ \n-ch-[n \m-S-Ißfpw I-Y-Ifpw Im-hy-ßfpw tem-Ikm-ln-Xy-Øn¬ \a-p°p Im-Wm-\mhpw. km-ap-h¬ _-°-‰n-s‚ tKmtYmsb Im-Øv F-∂ \m-S-I-Øn-se hv-fm-Un-an dpw F-kp-{Sm-P\pw Cu \n- -lm-b-scbm-Wv {]-Xn-\n-[o-I-cn-°p-∂Xv. hn-tamNI-s\ Ip-dn-®p-≈ A-h-cp-sS {]Xo-£ k-^-e-am-bn√. X-ß-fp-sS {]Xo-£ Xs∂ A-kw-_-‘-am-bm-W-h-¿-°p tXm∂n-bXv. ]t£, A-Sn-a-bp-sS `m-K-Øp-\n∂psIm≠v tdm-a≥ dn-]ªn-°n-s\-Xn-tc s]m-cpXn-b kv-]m¿-´-°-kn-s‚bpw a‰pw N-cn{Xw hn-tam-N-\-Øn-\p th-≠n-bp-≈ X-øm-sd-Sp∏pw A-Xn-\pth-≠n-bp-≈ ImØn-cn∏pw {]-tbm-P-\-I-c-ßfm-b {]-h¿Ø-\-߃ X-s∂-bm-sW∂mWv t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xv. ssk-\yhpw ]-cn-hm-c-ßfpw sIm-´mchpw J-P-\mhpw cm-Py-Øn-s‚ _m-lyL-S-\- am-{X-amWv. Cu kw-hn-[m\-ßsfm-s° P-\-߃-s°-ß-s\ A-\p-`-hs∏-Sp-∂p F-∂-Xm-Wv cmPyw F-ß-s\sb-∂v Xo-cp-am-\n-°p-∂Xv. tem-I-Øn-¬ Po-h-Pm-e-߃-°m-{i-bw a-g-bmWv. {]P-Iƒ-°m-{i-bw \o-Xn-\n¿-h-ln-°p-∂ cm-Pmhpw kv-t\-l-]q¿-hw X-t∂m-Sp tN¿-°p-∂ N-{I-h¿-Øn-bpam-sW∂v "Xn-c-p-°pdpƒ' ]-d-bp-∂p-≠v. P\-t{Zm-lnIfm-b `-c-W-I¿-Øm-°ƒ P-\-ß-fm¬ Xn-c-kv-I-cn-°-s∏-Sp-IX-s∂ sN-øpw. P\-߃-°-Xn-\v I-gn-bp-∂n-s√-¶n¬ B ZuXyw Im-ew G-s‰-Sp-°pw. Cu-Pn-]v-Xnse sd-an-k-kv c-≠ma-s‚ ]-X-\w, sj√n H-kn-am‚n-bmkv F-∂ I-hn-X-bn¬ B-hn-jv-Icn-°p-∂p≠v. A-bmƒ Xs‚ Po-hn-X-Im-e-ØpX-s∂ {]-Xn-a-bp≠m°n. P-\-߃ X-\n-°v kv-amc-Iw ]Wn-bn-s√-∂v A-t±-l-Øn-\v D-d-∏m-bncp∂p. {]-Xn-a-bp-sS A-Sn-Ø-d-bn¬ Abmƒ Cß-s\ tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp∂p: ""Rm≥ H-kn-am‚n-bmkv, cm-Pm-°-∑m-cpsS cm-Pm-hv. Fs‚ i-‡n-{]-`m-h-Øn-\p ap-ºn¬ ssZ-hw t]mepw \n-c-mi-\mhpw.'' Im-ep-Iƒ ]-IpXn-tbm-fw a-Æn¬ ]q≠p-t]m-b, D-S-en√m-Ø, hn-Ir-Xam-b ap-J-`m-h-tØm-Sp-IqSn-b a-‰p `m-K-ß-sf√mw a-tÆm-Sv tN¿-∂ H-cp cm-Pm-hn-s‚ {]-Xn-a- Xm≥ I-≠p F∂ Cu-Pn-]v-Xn¬ \n-s∂-Øn-b H-cp k-©m-cn-bp-sS hm-°pIƒ D-≤-cn®p-sIm-≠m-Wv sj√n I-hn-Xb-h-km-\n-∏n-°p-∂Xv. „

Xmsg B-Im-iw... ta-se `q-an...

s]≥ tlm-kv-]n-‰-en¬ \m-k-¿

tUm. s]≥ C-{X-bpw Im-e-sØ Nn-In¬-k-bv-°n-S-bn¬ a-d-°m\m-hm-Ø A-\p-`-h-ß-fpw \m-k-dn-\p-≠v. h¿-j-߃°p ap-ºv Xr-iq-cn-se Pn-√m P-Uv-Pn-bm-bn-cp-∂ ]-co-Xv ]n-≈-bv-°v H-cp Hm-a-\-t∏-\-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. _-‘p kΩm-\-am-bn \¬-In-b B t]-\ D-]-tbm-Kn-®m-Wv A-t±lw hn-[n-Iƒ F-gp-Xn H-∏n-´n-cp-∂-Xv. H-cn-°¬ tIm-SXn-bn¬ hn-[n F-gp-Xn-Øp-S-ßn-b-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ t]-\ Xmsg ho-Wp. ]n-s∂ F-gp-Xp-∂n-√. D-S≥-X-s∂ P-Uv-Pn tIm-S-Xn \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ A-h-km-\n-∏n-®p. t]-\-sb A–p-√-bp-sS B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ A-Uv-an-‰m-°n. {]-iv-\w A¬-∏w k-¶o¿-W-am-bn-cp-∂p. P-Uv-Pn-bm-sW-¶n¬ B t]-\-tb hn-[n-sb-gp-Xm≥ D-]-tbm-Kn-°q. C-Xp-Imc-Ww H-cm-gv-N hn-[n-sb-gp-Øpw ssh-In-b-t{X.jn-t^-gv-kv t]-\-bm-Wv X-s‚ `m-Kyw F-∂p I-cpXn-bn-cp-∂ H-cp hn-Zym¿-Yn-bp-sS t]-\ ]-co-£-bv-°n-sS X-I-cm-dn-em-bn. ]Tn-°m≥ an-Sp-°-\m-b A-h≥ ]-co£-bn¬ tXm-‰p. t]-\ ]n-∂o-Sv tlm-kv-]n-‰-en¬ NnIn¬-k \-S-Øn-b-Xn-\p ti-jw A-Sp-Ø h¿-j-sØ ]co-£-bn¬ D-÷z-e hn-P-bw t\-Sn. Xr-iq-cn-se H-cp h°o-en-\v t]-\ ]n-Sn-®m¬ ssI-hn-d-bv-°pw. H-Sp-hn¬ h°o¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn. A-kp-Jw ]-d-™p. h°o-en-\v ]-‰n-b C-\w t]-\ \m-k¿ \n¿-an-®p \¬-In. h°o-en-s‚ ssI-hn-d-b¬ ]-º-I-S-∂p.

Ip-∏-\n-d-bv-°pw t]-\-Iƒ ]-e X-c-Øn-ep-≈ _mƒ-t]-\-Iƒ C-∂p hn-]-Wnbn¬ kp-e-`-am-Wv. a-jn Xo¿-∂m¬ D-]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂ do-^n-√p-Iƒ B-h-iy-an-√m-Xm-bn. do-^n-√n-\pw ]p-Xn-b t]-\-bv-°pw hn-e G-I-tZ-iw H-∂p X-s∂. A-t∏mƒ ajn h-‰n-bm¬ h-en-s®-dn-bp-I F-∂ co-Xn-bm-bn. "Fs‚ t]-\, \n-s‚ t]-\' G-sX-∂p I-≠m¬ Xn-cn-®-dnbm-Xm-bn. F-√m-h-cp-tS-bpw t]-\ H-cp-t]m-se-bm-bn. a\p-jy-tc-°mƒ ap-ºv hy-‡n-Xzw \-„-s∏-´-Xv t]-\-Iƒ°m-Wv. Iw-]yq-´¿ hym-]-I-am-b-t∏mƒ ]-e¿-°pw t]-\bpw \n¿-_-‘-a-√m-Xm-bn. I-S-em-kpw th-≠m-Xm-bn. F-gp-Øp-Im¿-°v Iw-]yq-´-dn-\p ap-∂n¬ C-cp-∂m-te Fs¥-¶n-epw F-gp-Xm≥ tXm-∂q F-∂p t]m-ep-am-bn. F¥n-\p a-jn-t∏-\? h-√-t∏m-gp-sam-∂v H-∏p Nm¿-Ømt\m? A-Xn-\pw Nn-e¿ t]-\ sIm-≠p-\-S-°m-Xm-bn. Ah-¿ "C'tem-I-Øn-te-°v I-S-∂n-cn-°p-∂p. F-∂m-epw Ip-td t]-\-{]-W-bn-Iƒ C-t∏m-gpw Ah-ti-jn-°p-∂p-≠v. a-jn-t∏-\ sIm-t≠ F-gp-Xq F-∂v \n¿-_-‘-ap-≈-h¿, F-gp-Xm-\-s√-¶n-epw ]-{Xm-kn-\p th-≠n hn-e-Iq-Sn-b s]≥ Ip-∏m-b-°o-i-bn¬ Ip-Ønh-bv-°p-∂-h¿, hn-hn-[-X-cw t]-\-Iƒ ti-J-cn-®p-h-bv°p-∂-h¿.-.-. „

C. kp-tcjv


2014 P\p-hcn 5 Rm-b-¿

3

hm-b-\

tUm. sI. sI. F≥. Ip-dp-∏v -Xn-s\-´mw \q-‰m-≠n-s‚ D-Ø-cm¿-[-Øn¬ Z-£n-tW-¥y-bn¬ H-cp i-‡-am-b `-c-WIq-Sw \n-e-hn¬-h-∂p. sh-dpw A-º-Xp h¿j-߃-°p ti-jw Cw-•o-jv Cu-Ãn-¥ym I-º\n-bp-sS km-{am-Py-Ø-tam-l-hp-am-bn G-‰p-ap-´n A-Xn-s‚ ]-X-\-hpw kw-`-hn-®p. C-¥y-bn-se tcJm-ti-J-c-ß-fn-epw {_n-´-\n-se C-¥ym Hm-^nkv sse-{_-dn B‚ v dn-°m¿-Uv-kn-epw {^-©nepw U-®n-epw e-`y-am-b a-‰p tc-J-I-fpw D-]-tbmK-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠v Cu `-c-W-Iq-S-Øn-s‚ kmc-Yn-I-fm-b ssl-Z-cm-en-sb-bpw Sn-∏p-kp¬-Øms\-bpw tI-{μo-I-cn-®p-sIm-≠p-≈ H-cp N-cn-{Xt\m-h-em-Wv, sF.-F.F- p-Im-c-\m-b Kn-Zv-hm-\n Cw-•o-jn¬ Zn tkm¿-Uv Hm-^v kp¬-Øm≥ F∂ t]-cn¬ F-gp-Xn-bn-´p-≈-Xv. Cu {K-Ÿw A-Snÿm-\-am-°n Nn-{Xo-I-cn-°-s∏-´ H-cp sS-en-^nenw Zq-c-Z¿-i≥ sS-en-Im-Ãv sN-øp-I-bpw A-Xv ssa-kq¿ cm-P-hw-i-sØ tam-i-am-bn Nn-{Xo-I-cn°p-∂-Xm-sW-∂v B-tcm-]n-®p-sIm-≠v A-∂sØ _n.-sP.]n. K-h¨-sa‚ v {]-km-c-Ww \n¿Øn-h-bv-°p-I-bpw sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. (A-∂v A-Xns\-Xn-cm-bn tIm-gn-t°m-Sp h-®p-≈ {]-Xn-tj-[Øn-\v Cu te-J-I-\pw a-‰pw t\-Xr-Xzw \¬-In-bXv C-hn-sS km-μ¿-`n-I-am-bn Hm¿-an-°-s´) Kn-Zv-hm-\n Ir-X-l-kv-X-\m-b H-cp N-cn-{X-Imc-\-√, F-¶n-epw N-cn-{X-tØm-Sv \o-Xn ]p-e¿Øpw hn-[w A-t±-lw Sn-∏p-kp¬-Øm-s\ {]-[m\ I-Ym-]m-{X-am-°n B Im-e-L-´-sØ A-h-Xcn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. B {K-Ÿw 1984¬ X-s∂ a-e-bm-f-Øn¬ {]-Xn-`m _p-Iv-kv {]-kn-≤o-I-cn®n-´p-≠v. a-dm-Ø-cpw ss\-km-apw Z-£n-tW-¥y-bn¬ ssa-kq¿ cm-P-hw-i-Øn-s‚ cm-Pym-Xn¿-Øn-Iƒ sh-´n-∏n-Sn-°p-∂ A-h-k-cw. A-hn-S-sØ B-`y¥-c-I-em-]-Øn-s‚ ]-›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ H-cp km[m-c-W ]-´m-f-°m-c≥ am-{X-am-b ssl-Z-cm-en {Ita-W Zn-≠n-K¬ ^u-Pv-Zm¿ B-bn D-b-cp-I-bpw ]n-∂o-Sv ssa-kq-cn-s‚ `-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bm-bn amdp-I-bpw sN-øp-∂p. \-b-X-{¥-im-en-bpw bp-≤-X{¥-⁄-\p-am-b A-t±-lw F-s‚ A-[n-Im-cw _Z-\q-cn-te-°pw a-e-_m-dn-te-°pw a-‰pw hym-]n-∏n°p-∂p. F-∂m¬, Z-£n-tW-¥y-bn¬ A-[n-Imcw hym-]n-∏n-°m≥ {i-an-®p-h-cp-∂ Cw-•o-jv Iº-\n-bp-am-bn A-t±-l-Øn-\v G-‰p-ap-t´-≠n-h∂p. A-t±-lw 1782¬ bp-≤-cw-K-Øp h-®v tcm-K_m-[n-X-\m-bn N-c-a-a-S-bp-∂p. Cu hm¿-Ø c-lky-am-bn kq-£n-®v bp-≤-cw-K-Øp-\n-∂v kz-bw hn-S-hm-ßn tZ-h-\-l-≈n-bn¬ F-Øn-t®¿-∂ 32 h-b- p-Im-c-\m-b Sn-∏p-kp¬-Øm≥ `-c-W-Ønse-Øp-∂p. k-tμ-i-hm-l-I¿, am-Xm-hv-˛-]n-Xm-hv, cm-P-Ipam-c≥, kv-ar-Xn-I-fpw kz-]v-\-ß-fpw, A-\-¥-cmh-Im-iw F-∂n-ß-s\ A-©v {]-[m-\ `m-K-ßfn¬ A-t\-Iw sN-dp A-[ym-b-ß-fn-eq-sS 1799¬ {io-cw-K-]-´-Ww tIm-´-bn¬ h-®v Cw-•o-jp-Im-cpam-bn G-‰p-ap-´n Sn-∏p-kp¬-Øm≥ B-fl-Xym-Kw h-cn-°p-∂-Xp-h-sc-bp-≈ N-cn-{X-kw-`-h-߃ Cu t\m-h¬ {]-Xn-]m-Zn-°p-∂p. am-Xm-hv ^-J-dp∂o-k ssZ-h-Øn-s‚ ]m-X-bn-te-°v k-a¿-∏n-® ]p-{X-\m-bn-cp-∂p Sn-∏p-sh-¶n-epw ssl-Z¿ H-cp ssZ-h-\n-tbm-Kw t]m-se cm-P-`-c-W-Øn-s‚

]

H-cp Im-e-L-«w {X-kn-¡p-¶

N-cn-{X-t\m-h ssa-kq¿ cm-P-Ip-Spw-_-Øn-s‚ {]-[m-\ H-‰p-Im-c-\m-bn {]-h¿-Øn-®p-sIm-≠m-Wv Zn-hm≥ ]q¿-W-ø tIm-´ Io-g-S-ßn-b Zn-h-kw ]p-d-Øp-t]m-b-sX-∂m-Wv Nn-e N-cn-{X-tc-J-I-sf-¶n-epw shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv. ]q¿-W-ø-bp-sS N-Xn C-∂pw hn-hm-Z-hn-j-b-am-Wv. ]-t£, H-∂p ]-d-bmw. ssa-kq¿ cm-P-Ip-Spw-_w 1800¬ A-[n-Im-c-Øn¬ h-∂-t∏mƒ A-h-cp-sS Zn-hm≥, Cw-•o-jp-Im¿ B-h-iy-s∏-´-X-\p-k-cn-®v, ]q¿-W-ø X-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p am¿-K-Øn-te-°m-Wv A-t±-l-sØ \-bn-®-Xv. JpZm-Zm-Zv k¿-°m-cn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xzw G-s‰-Sp-t°-≠nh-∂ kp¬-Øm-s‚ ]-Xn-\m-dp h¿-j-sØ `-c-WØn-\n-S-bn¬ ]-Xn-aq-∂v h¿-j-hpw A-t±-lw IpXn-c-∏p-d-Øv bp-≤-Im-cy-ß-fp-am-bn kw-L¿-j-`cn-X-am-b H-cp Po-hn-Xw \-bn-®p. {]-[m-\ Zn-hm-\mb ]q¿-W-ø-bp-am-bn \-S-Øp-∂ kw-`m-j-W-ßfn-eq-sS kp¬-Øm-s‚ am-\-kn-I-kw-L¿-j߃ {K-Ÿ-Im-c≥ hy-‡-am-°p-∂p. au-e-hn Dss_-Zp-√-bn¬-\n-∂pw tKm-h¿-[≥ ]-fin-‰n¬ \n-∂pw e-`n-®, C-kv-em-an-I-hpw ssl-μ-h-hp-amb B-flo-b-hpw `u-Xn-I-hp-am-b ]T-\-ß-fp-sS A-\p-c-W-\-߃ Cu kw-`m-j-W-ß-fn¬ {]-Xn^-en-°p-∂p. F-¶n-epw X-s‚ {]-[m-\ I¿-Ø-hyw A-Y-hm Po-hn-X-e-£yw X-s‚ cm-Py-sØ-bpw {]-P-I-sfbpw kw-c-£n-°p-I-bpw t£-aw D-d-∏p-h-cp-Ø-epam-sW-∂v A-t±-lw Zr-V-am-bn hn-iz-kn-®p. B Im-e-sØ cm-Pm-°-∑m-cn¬-\n-∂p kz-bw hy-Xykv-X-am-bn, a-Zy-Øn-epw s]-Æn-epw A-`n-c-an-°mØ, F-¥n-\v ssl-Z-cn¬-\n-∂p t]m-epw hy-Xykv-X-\m-bn, Zn-h-k-Øn¬ ]-Xn-s\-´p a-Wn-°q-dpw

`-c-W-Im-cy-ß-fn¬ \n-a-·-\m-b H-cp `-c-Wm-[nIm-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. kp¬-Øm-s\ D-∑qe-\w sN-bv-Xm¬ am-{X-ta X-ß-fp-sS km-{amPyw Z-£n-tW-¥y-bn¬ sI-´n-∏-Sp-°p-I-sb-∂ e-£yw ]q¿-Øo-I-cn-°m-\m-hp-I-bp-≈q-sh-∂v Cw-•o-jv I-º-\n-bp-sS K-h¿-W¿ P-\-d¬-am¿ a\- n-em-°n-bn-cp-∂p. kp¬-Øm-\p-am-bn kulm¿-Zw \n-e-\n¿-Øp-tºmƒ X-s∂ sh-√-kv-en {]-`p, kp¬-Øm-s‚ t]¿-°v s\-t∏m-fn-b≥ Ab-® H-cp I-Øn-s‚ t]-cn¬ {io-cw-K-]-´-Ww B{I-an-®-Xpw C-Ø-cw H-cp e-£y-Øn-s‚ t]-cnem-bn-cp-∂p. kp¬-Øm≥ 1784¬ aw-K-em-]p-cw k-‘n-bneq-sS G-‰-hpw D-Nn-X-am-b hn-[w I-º-\n-bp-am-bp≈ bp-≤w A-h-km-\n-∏n-®-Xpw 1792¬ aq-∂mw Bw-t•m-˛-ssa-kq¿ bp-≤-Øn¬ ]-cn-£o-Wn-X\m-sb-¶n-epw H-cp k-‘n-bn-epƒ-s∏-´-Xpw t\m-hen¬ hn-h-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. F-√m I-cm-dp-Iƒ-°pw hn-]-co-X-am-bn 1792¬ kp¬-Øm-s‚ c-≠p sIm®p-a-°-sf Bƒ-Pm-ay-am-bn I-º-\n ]n-Sn-®p-sIm≠p-t]m-hp-∂p. c-≠p h¿-j-Øn-\n-S-bn¬ bp-≤s®-e-hm-bn aq-∂-c-t°m-Sn D-dp-∏n-I kp¬-Øm≥

tKmÄ-U³ a-ZÀ -en-°-‰v k¿-h-I-em-im-e-bpsS hp-a¨-kv kv-‰-Uo-kv hn`m-Kw tKmƒ-U≥ a-Z-dn-s\ Xn-c-s™-Sp-Øv A-hm¿-Uv \¬-Ims\m-cp-ßn-b-Xv hn-hm-Z-߃-°n-S-h-cpØn-bn-cp-∂p. \-√ A-Ω-sb Xn-c-s™Sp-°p-∂-sX-ß-s\-sb-∂v hy-‡-am°m-sX-bm-bn-cp-∂p {]-Jym-]-\-ap-≠mb-Xv. ]-g-b "A-Ω'k-¶¬-∏-ß-fn-te°v ]p-Xn-b X-e-ap-d-sb X-≈n-hn-Sp-Ibm-Wv A-hm¿-Uv \¬-Ip-∂-Xn-eq-sS sNøp-∂-sX-∂mWv hn-a¿-i\ -- w. ]p-Xnb bp-K-Øn¬ ]p-cp-j-s\-t∏m-se, Nne A-h-k-c-ß-fn¬ A-h-tc-°mƒ ITn\m-[zm-\w sN-bv-Xm-Wv kv-{Xo-bn-∂v Po-hn-°p-∂-Xv. C-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ A-hƒ a-°-sf h-f¿-Ø-Ww, ho-´p-tPm-en sNø-Ww, km-º-Øn-I-Im-cy-߃ ssIIm-cyw sN-ø-Ww. k¿-h-I-em-im-e Dt±-in-®-Xv F-¥p X-s∂-bm-bm-epw F√m A-Ω-am-cpw A-]q¿-hw Nn-e A-hk-c-ß-fn-sem-gn-®v a-s‰-√m k-a-b-Øpw

Im

A-h¿-°p \¬-Ip-∂p. ssa-kq-cn-s‚ ap-gp-h≥ Ign-hpw D-]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øn C-Ø-c-Øn¬ Ip-´n-Isf ho-s≠-Sp-°p-∂p. ]-t£, ho-≠pw H-cp h¿-jØn-\p-≈n¬ A-t±-l-Øn-\p I-º-\n-bp-am-bn bp≤w sN-tø-≠n-h-∂p. A-Xm-h-s´ h-©-\-bp-sSbpw N-Xn-bp-sS-bpw H-cp bp-≤-am-bn-cp-∂p. kp¬Øm-s‚ ssk-\ym-[n-]-\m-b ao¿-km-Zn-°pw a-‰p {]-ap-J-cpw I-º-\n-°p-th-≠n tIm-´-bp-sS I-hmSw t]m-epw Xp-d-∂p-sIm-Sp-Øp. I-º-\n ssk\ym-[n-]-∑m¿ G-‰-hp-a-[n-Iw A-`n-am-\n-°p-∂ Cu bp-≤w, Zn _m-‰n¬ Hm-^v {io-cw-K-]-´-Ww, Hcp bp-≤-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. F-∂m¬, F-¥p-sImt≠m t\m-h-en-Ãv Cu N-Xn-bp-sS ]n-∂n¬ {]-[m\ i-‡n-bm-bn {]-h¿-Øn-® ssa-kq¿ cm-P-Ip-Spw_-Øn-s‚ {]-h¿-Ø-\w hn-h-cn-°p-∂n-√. Zn-hm\m-b ]q¿-W-ø-sb kp¬-Øm≥, tIm-´ Io-g-Sßp-∂ Zn-h-kw ]p-d-tØ-°v \n-tbm-Kn-®-Xm-bn-´mWv t\m-h-en-kv-‰v Nn-{Xo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv. F-∂m¬, ssa-kq¿ cm-P-Ip-Spw-_-Øn-s‚ {]-[m-\ H-‰p-Im-c\m-bn {]-h¿-Øn-®p-sIm-≠m-W-t±-lw A-t∂ Znh-kw ]p-d-Øp-t]m-b-sX-∂m-Wv Nn-e N-cn-{X-tcJ-I-sf-¶n-epw shfns∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv. ]q¿-W-øbp-sS N-Xn C-∂pw hn-hm-Z-hn-j-b-am-Wv. ]-t£, H-∂p ]-d-bmw. ssa-kq¿ cm-P-Ip-Spw-_w 1800¬ A-[n-Im-c-Øn¬ h-∂-t∏mƒ A-h-cp-sS Zn-hm≥, Cw-•o-jp-Im¿ B-h-iy-s∏-´-X-\p-k-cn-®v ]q¿-Wø X-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tIm-´-bp-sS G-‰-hpw h-en-b H-cp hn-≈¬ ssk-\ym-[n-]-∑m¿ kp¬-Øm-\n¬-\n-∂v H-fn-®ph-®p. Iq-Sm-sX A-t∂ Zn-h-kw A-h¿ i-º-f-hnX-c-W-hpw G¿-s∏-Sp-Øn. H-tc-‰p-ap-´-en¬ hm-´¿ sK-bn-‰n¬ kp¬-Øm≥ ]-S-sh-´n i-{Xp-hn-s‚ sh-Sn-tb-‰p a-cn-®p-ho-Wp. {^-©v Iym-]v-‰-\pw a‰pw A-t±-l-sØ c-l-ky-am¿-K-Øn-eq-sS c-£s∏-Sm≥ D-]-tZ-in-®n-cp-∂p. ]-t£, kp¬-Øm≥ A-Ø-cw H-fn-t®m-´-Øn-\p X-øm-dm-bn-√. "kz-[¿ta \n-[-\w t{i-b:' F-∂ Ko-Xm-]mTw A-t±-lw kz-bw \-S-∏m-°n. C-¥y≥ kzm-X-{¥y-Øn-\p-th≠n-bp-≈ t]m-cm-´-Øn-s‚ H-c-[ym-bw A-hn-sS A-h-km-\n-®p. ss\-km-apw a-dm-Ø-cpw F-t∏mgpw I-º-\n-bp-sS Iq-sS-\n-∂p. _m-ly-i-‡n-tb°mƒ B-`y-¥-c-i-‡n-I-fm-Wv \-Ωp-sS kzm-X{¥y-sØ C-√m-Xm-°n-b-Xv. I-º-\n-bp-sS N-cn-{X-Im-c-∑m-cpw a-‰-t\-Iw t]-cpw kp¬-Øm-s\ a-X-k-ln-jv-Wp-X \-„-s∏´ ap-kv-enw `-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bpw {Iq-c-\pw G-Im-[n]-Xn-bpw F-√m-am-bn h-f-sc I-Sp-Ø Nm-b-Ønem-Wv Nn-{Xo-I-cn-®-Xv. A-Xn-\v A-h¿-°v A-h-cptS-Xm-b Im-c-W-ß-fpw e-£y-ß-fp-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p. F-∂m¬, X-s‚ Im-e-Øn-\pw ap-tº \-S-∂ B-[p-\n-I-X-bp-sS {]-Xo-I-am-b H-cp `-c-Wm-[nIm-cn-bm-W-t±-lw. a-‰p cm-Py-ß-fp-am-bp-≈ \-bX-{¥-_-‘w, an-ssk¬ Xp-S-ßn-b im-kv-{X-hnZy-I-fp-sS t{]m¬-km-l-\w, im-kv-{Xo-b-am-b `qhy-h-ÿ, \n-Ip-Xn-\-bw, G-‰-hpw \-ho-\-am-b {KŸ-ß-fp-sS ti-J-cw, kn-hn¬-˛-ssk-\n-I `-c-Why-h-ÿ-bp-sS hn-`-P-\w, A-\y-a-X-ß-tfm-Sp-≈ B-Z-c-hv F-∂n-ß-s\ G-‰-hpw kw-kv-Im-c-k-º∂-\m-b H-cn-¥y≥ `-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn B Im-e-L-´Øn¬ kp¬-Øm≥ am-{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. A-t±-lw I-º-\n-s°-gp-Xn-b H-sc-gp-Øv A-h-cp-sS s]≥j≥ hm-ßp-∂ \-hm-_p-am-cn-sem-cm-fm-bn-cn-°p∂-Xn-ep-]-cn ]-S-°-f-Øn¬ h-®p-≈ B-fl-XymK-am-Wv Xm-\n-„-s∏-Sp-∂-sX-∂m-bn-cp-∂p.

t°-Sp-I-fpw kw-i-b-ß-fp-ap-s≠-¶n¬ A-Xn-s\ am-{Xw B-{i-bn-®v in-£ hn[n-°p-∂-Xv i-cn-bm-b \-S-]-Sn-bm-hn-√. Cu km-l-N-cy-Øn¬ Ip-‰-IrXyw \-S∂-Xm-bn sX-fn-bn-°p-∂ a-‰p sX-fn-hpI-fp-sS ]n≥-_-ew Iq-Sn ]-cn-K-Wn-t® in-£ hn-[n-°m-hq F-∂m-Wv tIm-S-Xn hy-‡-am-°n-b-Xv.

tKmƒ-U≥ a-Z-dm-bn-cn-s° B-sc-bm-Wv A-hm¿-Uv \¬-In B-Z-cn-°p-I? F-ßs\-bm-Wv \-√ A-Ω-sb I-s≠-Øp-I?

hn-hm-ln-X-bp-sS sam-gn

_-‘p-°-fp-sS Ip-‰w `¿-Øm-hn-\pw

]o-U-\-t°-kn¬ kv-{Xo-bp-sS samgn am-{Xw a-Xn-sb-∂ tIm-S-Xn-hn-[nIƒ hn-hm-ln-Xbpw A-hn-hm-ln-X-bpam-b C-c-I-fp-sS Im-cy-Øn¬ H-tc t]m-se ]-cn-K-Wn-°m-\m-hn-s√-∂mWv ssl-t°m-S-Xn A-Sp-Øn-sS H-cp hn[n-{]-kv-Xm-h-Øn¬ hy-‡-am-°n-bXv. ]o-U-\-t°-kn¬ sam-gn-bn¬ s]mcp-Ø-t°-Sp-Iƒ D-s≠-¶n-epw kv-{Xobp-sS sam-gn {]-Xn-°v F-Xn-cm-sW¶n¬ in-£ hn-[n-°-W-sa-∂ hn-[n-bmWv kp-{]nw-tIm-S-Xn-b-S-°w hn-hn-[ tIm-S-Xn-I-fn¬-\n-∂v ap-ºp-≠m-bn-cp∂-Xv. A-hn-hm-ln-X-bp-sS Im-cyØn¬ C-°m-cyw Aw-Ko-I-cn-°m-sa-¶nepw hn-hm-ln-X-bm-b kv-{Xo-°v Cu

ho-´n-ep-≈-h¿ `m-cy-sb ]o-Un-∏n®m¬ `¿-Øm-hn-\v Rm-s\m-∂p-a-dn™n-t√ F-∂ a-´n-en-cn-°m-\m-hp-tam? C-s√-∂m-Wv ssl-t°m-S-Xn-bp-sS as‰m-cp hn-[n-bn-eq-sS hy-‡-am-°p-∂Xv. `m-cy-°v t\-sc _-‘p-°ƒ \-SØp-∂ ]o-U-\-Øn-\v t\-sc au-\w ]m-en-°p-∂-Xv `¿-Øm-hv t\-cn-´v Ip-‰w sN-bv-X-Xn-\v Xp-ey-am-sW-∂m-Wv tIm-S-Xn-bp-sS hn-[n-bn¬ ]-d-bp-∂-Xv. ho-Sn-\-I-Øv `m-cy-bp-sS kw-c-£-W®p-a-X-e `¿-Øm-hn-\m-sW-∂pw Ip-Spw_mw-K-ß-fp-sS ]o-U-\-Øn-\p t\-sc au-\w-]m-en-°p-∂-Xv `¿-Øm-hn-s‚ `mK-Øp-\n-∂p-≈ {Iq-c-X-bm-sW-∂pw

X-Øzw _m-[-I-am-°p-∂-Xn¬ {]mtbm-Kn-I-X-S- -ß-fp-≈-Xm-bn-´m-Wv P-kv-‰n-kv ]n. `-h-Zm-k-s‚ D-Ø-c-hv. ho-´-Ω-sb _-em¬-kw-Kw sN-bv-X tI-kn¬ Io-gv-tIm-S-Xn ]-Øp h¿-jw X-S-hp-in-£ hn-[n-® B-e-∏p-g kz-tZin _m-_p-cm-Pn-s‚ in-£ d-±m-°n-bmWv knw-Knƒ-s_-©n-s‚ D-Ø-c-hv. hnhm-ln-X-bp-sS sam-gn-bn¬ s]m-cp-Ø-

A-Xv A-t±-lw \-S-∏m-°p-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. ]-t£, A-hn-sS-bpw {_n-´n-jv N-cn-{X-Im-c-\mb am¿-°v hn¬-Iv-kn-s‚ Ip-ج {]-tXy-Iw {i≤n-°mw. ssl-Z¿ a-X-k-ln-jv-Wp-X-bn-eq-sS Hcp km-{am-Pyw sI-´n-∏-Sp-Ø-t∏mƒ a-I≥ kp¬Øm≥ a-X-{`m-¥p-sIm-≠v A-Xp \-„-s∏-Sp-Ønsb-∂pw H-cp ssk-\ym-[n-]-s‚ I¿-Ø-hyw \n¿h-ln-°m-sX H-cp `-S-s\-t∏m-se-bm-Wv ]-S-°-fØn¬ a-cn-®p-ho-W-sX-∂p-am-Wv B Ip-ج. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ ssk-\y-sØ-bpw ssk-\ym-[n]-∑m-sc-bpw I-º-\n hn-e-bv-°p hm-ßn-b-Xpw Z£n-tW-¥y-bn¬ k¿-h-{X Io-g-S-°¬ \-bw Iº-\n \-S-∏m-°n-b-Xpw sh-√-kv-en {]-`p-sh \n-ban-®-Xv C-Xn-\p th-≠n-bm-sW-∂pw a-‰p-ap-≈ Ncn-{X-h-kv-Xp-X-Iƒ hn¬-Iv-kv kq-Nn-∏n-°p-I-bn√. C-Ø-c-Øn-em-W-h-cp-sS N-cn-{X-c-N-\. t]¿-jy≥ `m-j-bn¬ a-t\m-l-c-am-b B-flI-Y-bp-sS `m-K-߃ kz-bw F-gp-Xn-h-® H-cp N-cn{X-Ip-Xp-In Iq-Sn-bm-bn-cp-∂p kp¬-Øm≥. a-e_m-dn¬ G-Xp t£-{X-Øn-s‚ \m-i-hpw A-t±l-hp-am-bn C-∂pw _-‘-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. A-t±-lØn-s‚ ssk-\y-ß-sf \m-b¿-]-´m-fw B-{I-an°p-tºmƒ ssk-\y-Øn-s‚ Xn-cn-®-Sn t£-{X߃-°pw _m-[-I-am-hp-sa-∂p-≈ Im-cyw Nn-e¿ a-d-∂p-t]m-hp-∂p. a-e-_m¿ cm-Pm-°-∑m¿ ]-et∏m-gpw k-Xy-k-‘-X ]p-e¿-Øn-bn-cp-∂n-s√-∂ Im-cy-Øn-\p tIm-e-Øn-cn-bpw km-aq-Xn-cn-bpw ]m-e-°m-´p cm-Pm-hpw I-S-Ø-\m-´p cm-Pm-hpw F√mw \-√ D-Zm-l-c-W-ß-fm-Wv. A-h-cp-sS ^yqU¬-Nm-]-ey-Øn-\p a-e-_m-dp-Im¿ C-c-bm-b-Xn\p kp¬-Øm-s\ ]-gn Nm-tc-≠-Xn-√-Xm-\pw. N-cn-{X-]-c-am-b Nn-e L-´-ß-sf t\m-h-enkv-‰v a-‰p co-Xn-bn¬ Nn-{Xo-I-cn-®n-´p-s≠-¶n-epw (dp-Jn-bm-_m-\p F-∂ s]¨-Ip-´n kp¬-Øms\ Ip-´n-bm-bn-cn-°p-tºmƒ c-£n-®-Xpw ]n-∂oSv kp¬-Øm≥ A-h-sc-Ø-s∂ {]-W-bn-®v ssSK¿ ap-Jw-aq-Sn kz-bw ]-Xm-I Nn-”-am-°n-b-Xpw hn-hm-lw I-gn-®-Xpw P-\-d¬ a-kq-dn-s‚ a-c-Whpw F-√mw C-Ø-c-Øn-epƒ-s∏-Sp-∂p) tc-J-Ifp-sS ]-›m-Ø-e-Øn¬-\n-∂pw hy-Xn-N-en-°p∂n-√. kp¬-Øm-s‚ B-fl-kw-L¿-j-sØ ImWn-°p-∂ hn-[-Øn¬ ]q¿-W-ø-bp-am-bp-≈ kw-`m-j-Ww h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw \o-≠p-t]m-bn-cn°p-I-bm-Wv. hn-h¿-Ø-I-\m-b {io. Ip-™m-ap-hn-s‚ `m-jbpw co-Xn-bpw H-cp kz-X-{¥-c-N-\-bn-se-∂-t]mse B-I¿-j-I-am-Wv. Cu Ir-Xn-bp-sS {]-kn-≤oI-c-Ww a-e-bm-fn-Iƒ-°v kp¬-Øm-s\ a-\- nem-°m-\pw A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ sN-bv-Xn-I-fp-sS e£yw Dƒ-s°m-≈m-\pw k-lm-b-I-am-Wv. B-bnc-°-W-°n-\p N-cn-{X-tc-J-I-fn¬ hym-]n-®p-In-S°p-∂ B Po-hn-X-sØ H-cp I-Y-bp-sS ]-›m-Øe-Øn¬ A-h-X-cn-∏n-® t\m-h-en-kv-‰v H-cp N-cn{X-Zu-Xyw ]q¿-Øn-bm-°p-I-bm-Wv sN-bv-Xn-´p≈-Xv. kp¬-Øm-s\-∏-‰n a-e-bm-f-Øn¬ G-‰-hpw A-h-km-\-am-bn {]-Xy-£-s∏-´ Cu te-J-I-s‚ N-cn-{X-{K-Ÿ-hpw (Sn-∏p-kp¬-Øm≥) Cu t\m-hepw ]-c-kv-]-c-]q-c-I-ß-fm-sW-∂ Im-cyw C-hnsS tc-J-s∏-Sp-Ø-s´! „

P-kv-‰n-kv ]n. `-h-Zm-k≥ hy-‡-am-°n. `m-cy-bp-sS a-c-W-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v B-Xva-l-Xym t{]-c-Wm-°p-‰-Øn-\v G-gp h¿-jw sk-j≥-kv tIm-S-Xn ITn-\-XS-hv hn-[n-® a-e-∏p-dw kz-tZ-in H.Fw. sN-dn-bm-s‚ A-∏o¬-l-c-Pn X-≈n-bmWv knw-Knƒ-s_-©n-s‚ D-Ø-c-hv.

c≠mw ]mXn {XnthWn `¿-Xr-ho-´n¬ Zp-cn-Xw A-\p-`-hn-°p-Isb-∂-Xv C-¥y-bn-se `m-cy-am-cp-sS hn[n-bm-sW-∂ k-¶¬-∏w am-dn-tb ]-‰qsh-∂pw tIm-S-Xn A-`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p. 1996em-Wv l-c-Pn-°m-c-s‚ `m-cy asÆ-Æ tZ-l-sØm-gn-®v Xo-sIm-fp-Øn a-cn-®-Xv. 1988¬ hn-hm-l-Øn-\p ti-jw Iq-Sp-X¬ Im-e-hpw hn-tZ-i-Øm-bn-cp∂ l-c-Pn-°m-c≥ `m-cy-bp-sS a-c-Wk-a-b-Øv \m-´n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. a-cW-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v l-c-Pn-°m-c-\pw

Sn-∏p-hn-s‚ I-c-hmƒ `-Kv-hm≥ F-kv. Kn-Zv-hm-\n hn-h: F.]n. Ip-™m-ap tX-P-kv ]-ªn-t°-j≥-kv, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv

ho-´p-Im¿-°p-sa-Xn-sc B-Xv-a-l-Xymt{]-c-W-bv-°pw kv-{Xo-[-\-]o-U-\-Øn\pw tI-sk-Sp-Øn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿-∂v l-cPn-°m-c-s\ G-gp h¿-jw ITn-\-X-S-hn\pw 25000 cq-] ]n-g-b-S-°m-\pw a-t©cn A-Uo. sk-j≥-kv tIm-S-Xn in-£n®p. am-Xm-hpƒ-s∏-sS c-≠p t]¿-°v c≠p h¿-jw ho-Xw X-S-hpw hn-[n-®p. CXn-s\-Xn-sc-bm-Wv l-c-Pn-°m-c≥ ssl-t°m-S-Xn-bn¬ A-∏o¬ \¬-Inb-Xv. Xm≥ `m-cy-sb D-]-{Z-hn-°p-Itbm B-Xv-a-l-Xy-°v t{]-cn-∏n-°p-Itbm sN-bv-Xn-´n-s√-∂ l-c-Pn-°m-c-s‚ hm-Zw tIm-S-Xn X-≈n. Ip-Spw-_-Øn¬ `m-cy-°pw Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw kp-c-£-bpw k-am-[m-\-hpw D-d-∏m-t°-≠-Xv `¿-Ømhn-s‚ \n-b-a-]-c-am-b _m-[y-X-bm-Wv. Cu _m-[y-X-bn-ep-≠m-hp-∂ ho-gv-Nbp-sS D-Ø-c-hm-Zn-Øw `¿-Øm-hn-\p Xs∂-bm-Wv. C-Xn¬-\n-∂v `¿-Øm-hn-\v H-gn-™p am-dm-\m-hn-√. a-‰v Ip-Spw-_mwK-߃ `m-cy-sb ]o-Un-∏n-°p-∂-Xv X-Sbm-Xn-cn-°p-∂-Xpw au-\w-]m-en-°p-∂Xpw Ip-‰-I-c-am-Wv. `¿-Øm-hv t\-cn-´p Ip-‰w sN-bv-X-Xn-\v Xp-ey-am-Wv Cu \S-]-Sn. kz-¥w _m-[y-X-bn¬-\n-∂v H-fnt®m-Sp-∂-Xpw `m-cy-tbm-Sv A-\o-Xn Im´p-∂-Xp-am-Wv Cu \-S-]-Sn ˛-tIm-S-Xn „ Nq-≠n-°m-´n.

]p-kv-X-I-ß-ƒ

π-ta-\-Ωm-bn "ap-dp-°n-Øp-∏p-∂, tIm-gn-°q-Sn-\-Sp-Øp\n-∂v Im-´w s]-dp-°p-∂, ap-f-¶p-‰n-bn¬ ]p´p Ip-Øp-∂, F-fm-¶n¬ tX-ß s]m-Xn°p-∂, ]q-f-°m-b ]-dn-°p-∂ t]m-b-Im-eØn-s‚ {]-Xn-cq-]-am-b' π-ta-\-Ωm-bn-°hn-X-Iƒ Im-e-{]-hm-l-Øn¬ I-e-ßn-a-dn™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ a-e-bm-fn-Po-hn-XsØ-bm-Wv {]-Z¿-i-\-Øn-\p h-bv-°p-∂Xv. ]p-Xp-I-hn-X-I-fn¬ {i-t≤-b-\m-b tSmWn-bp-sS π-ta-\-Ωm-bn ko-cn-kn-se A-ºXp I-hn-X-Iƒ. t\m-h¬ F-∂ hm-°p-sIm≠v hn-h-£n-°p-∂ \-ho-\-X D-®-Øn¬ apg-ßp-∂ Cu Ir-Xn-sb t\m-h¬ km-lnXyw sh-´p-∂ ssI-h-gn-bm-bn Im-Wm-\mWv X-\n-°n-jv-S-sa-∂v kp-`m-jv N-{μ≥. sI.B¿. tSm-Wn Un kn _p-Iv-kv, tIm-´-bw

ssk-_¿ ]p-gp-°-fpw ]q-ºm-‰-I-fpw C-¥y-bn¬ _-lp-`q-cn-]-£w P-\-ß-fp-sSbpw ssZ-\w-Zn-\-Po-hn-X-Øn-s‚ `m-K-am-bn´n-s√-¶n-epw k-aq-l-Øn-s‚ A-`n-{]m-b-cq-

]o-I-c-W-Øn¬ km-aq-ln-I-iyw-J-e-Iƒ (tkm-jy¬ s\-‰v-h¿-°p-Iƒ) ap-Jy-]-¶ph-ln-°p-∂p. Hm-tcm Zn-h-kw sN-√pw tXmdpw C-h Iq-Sp-X-em-bn hym-]n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn°p-I-bp-am-Wv. Cu km-l-N-cy-Øn¬ ssk-_¿-tem-I-Øn-s‚ hn-Im-k-K-Xn-Isf-°p-dn-®pw km-aq-ln-I-irw-J-e-Iƒ Fß-s\ k-aq-l-Øn¬ C-S-s]-Sp-∂p-sh-∂Xn-s\-°p-dn-®p-ap-≈ H-cp ]-{X-{]-h¿-Ø-Is‚ B-i-¶-I-fm-Wv Cu ]p-kv-X-I-Øn¬. Zn-t\-iv h¿-a Nn-¥ ]-ªn-tj-gv-kv, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw

h-cp-sS A-Sn-ÿm-\-co-Xn-im-kv-{Xw am-‰-an√m-sX Xp-S-cp-∂p. k-a-Im-en-I-kw-`-h-hnIm-k-ß-sf-bpw km-aq-ln-I-im-kv-{X-]-cam-b A-h-ÿ-sb-bpw B-fl-I-Ym-]-c-ambm-Wv A-h¿ t\m-°n-°m-Wp-∂-sX-∂Xpw Cu {K-Ÿ-Øn-s‚ k-hn-ti-j-X-bmWv. k-`-bn¬ \n-∂p ]p-d-Øp-h-∂-Xn-\p ti-jw A-h¿ \-S-Øn-b km-aq-ln-I C-Ss]-S-en-s‚ tc-J Iq-Sn-bm-Wv C-Xv. kn-ÿ sP-kv-an Un kn _p-Iv-kv, tIm-´-bw

hn-izm-k-hpw bp-‡n-Nn-¥-bpw a-g-hn¬ am-\w ]p-Xp-a-tbm-Sv F-∂pw A-`n-\n-th-iw ]p-e¿Øn-b F-gp-Øp-Im-cn-bm-Wv kn-ÿ sP-kvan. a¨-sh-´n-sb a¨-sh-´n-sb-∂v hn-fn°m-\pw A-h¿ a-Sn-®n-√. A-h-cp-sS B Imgv-N-∏m-Sp-X-s∂-bm-Wv a-e-bm-fn-sb B-I¿jn-®-Xpw. B-ta-\neq-sS k-`-bp-sS D-≈-dI-sf ]p-dw-tem-I-sØ-Øn-® kn-ÿ sPkv-an-bp-sS ]p-Xn-b ]p-kv-X-Iw. kn-\n-a, kw-kv-Im-cw, B-flo-bw, kv-{Xo, A-`n-apJw, I-Y, km-ln-Xyw F-∂n-ß-s\ G-gp `m-K-ß-fm-bn Xn-cn-® Cu Ir-Xn-bn-epw A-

B-bn-Øo-c-en¬ H-cp B-°n-Øo¿-°-epap-≠v. \m-tam-tcm-cp-Ø-cpw {]-_p-≤-\mWv. B-bn-Øo-cp-I am-{X-am-Wv \-ap-°v sNtø-≠-Xm-bn-´p-≈q. k-Xym-t\z-j-W-Øns‚ h-gn-bpw C-Xp-X-s∂. {]-_p-≤-X-bp-sS Cu A-Sn-ÿm-\-Z¿-i-\w I-s≠-Øn-b Hcp F-gp-Øp-Im-c-s‚ Nn-¥-Iƒ Cu ]p-kvX-I-Øn¬ \-ap-°p hm-bn-°mw. hn-izm-khpw bp-‡n-bpw \-jv-S-s∏-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ H-cp k-aq-l-Øn-te-°v A-Xv Xn-cn-sIsIm-≠p-h-cm-\p-≈ {i-aw. hn-th-Im-\-μ-≥, I-Ωyq-Wn-kw, am-[y-a-߃, a-tX-X-c-Xzw,

kzm-X-{¥y-k-a-cw, \-thm-Ym-\w, Nn-In-’ F-∂n-ß-s\ N-cn-{Xw, kw-kv-Im-cw, X-ØzNn-¥, cm-jv-{So-bw, {]-Xy-b-im-kv-{Xw, A[n-Im-cw, P-\m-[n-]-Xyw, am-\-hn-I-X Xp-Sßn-b a-\p-jy-\p-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´ F-√mw Cu ]p-kv-X-I-Øn-s‚ A-t\z-j-W-]-cn-[nbn¬ h-cp-∂p-≠v. Nm-Ø-\m-Øv A-Nyp-X\p-Æn-bp-sS A-h-Xm-cn-I. i-¶-c≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn ]n-¶v _p-Iv-kv, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv

Im-gv-N-∏m-Sn-\-\p-k-c-W-am-bn ]-cn-tim-[n°p-∂p. H-cp cm-{„o-b-t\-Xm-hn-s‚ km-ºØn-I-im-kv-{X-Nn-¥-I-sf-∂ \n-e-bn¬ Cu ]p-kv-X-I-Øn-\v km-º-Øn-I-im-kv{X-tØ-°mƒ cm-{„o-b-X-Øz-Nn-¥-tbmSpw {]m-tbm-Kn-I-cm-{„o-b-{]-h¿-Ø-\tØm-Sp-am-Wv Iq-Sp-X¬ A-Sp-∏w. A-h-Xmcn-I A-Uz. kn.sI. k-Pn-\m-cm-b-W≥. A-Uz: ]n.F-kv. {io-[-c≥-]n-≈ hn-Pn¬ _p-Iv-kv, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv

km-º-Øn-I-°m-gv-N-Iƒ

`q-an-bn¬ \-£-{X-߃ kr-jv-Sn-°-s∏-´p

H-cp in-jy-s‚ Z-£n-W-bm-Wv Cu Hm¿-a]p-kv-X-Iw. Hm¿-a-Iƒ D-’-h-°m-gv-N-bmhp-∂ Cu ]p-kv-X-Iw tI-c-f-Øn-s‚ kmaq-ln-I-˛-cm-jv-{So-b Po-hn-X-Øn-se k-hnti-j-am-b H-cp Im-ew A-\m-h-c-Ww sNøp-∂p-s≠-∂v A-h-Xm-cn-I-bn¬ tPm-kv ]-\-®n-∏p-dw. kn-dn-b-Iv tXm-a-kv ao-Un-bm lu-kv, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv

Xo-bm-´n-te-°v H-sc-Øn-t\m-´w 1991se ]p-Ø≥ km-º-Øn-I \-b-]-cn-jvIm-c-ß-fp-sS C-cp-]-Øn-c-≠v h¿-j-߃ ]n-∂n-Sp-tºmƒ C-¥y≥ km-º-Øn-I-hyh-ÿ-bp-sS P-b-]-cm-P-b-߃ hn-i-I-e\w sN-øp-∂p. s]m-Xp-hn¬ hn-iz-kn-°p∂-Xn¬ \n-∂p hy-Xy-kv-X-am-bn P-\-kwL-hpw-˛-_n.sP.]n-bpw Km-‘n-b≥-˛-kz-tZin Im-gv-N-∏m-Sm-Wv h-®p-]p-e¿-Øp-∂-sX∂v sX-fn-bn-°m≥ {i-an-°p-∂ Cu {K-ŸØn¬ te-J-I≥ `-£y-kp-c-£, I-≈-∏Ww, I-d≥-kn-\-bw, Im¿-jn-I-{]-iv-\w, -[\-\-bw, kp-ÿn-c-hn-I-k-\w Xp-S-ßn hnhn-[-ß-fm-b hn-j-b-߃ X-s‚ cm-{„o-b-

B-Zym-£-c-sa-gp-Xn-® X-øn¬ a-Øm-bnbpw Hm-e-bn-se-gp-Xn-∏Tn-∏n-® B-im-\pw A-£-c-am-e ]Tn-∏n-® kn-ÿ ta-cn-tPmkpw K-th-j-W-ssK-Um-b hn.sI. kp-Ipam-c-\pw {K-Ÿ-Im-c-s\ am-{X-a-√ hm-b-\°m-c-s\-bpw ssI-]n-Sn-®p \-S-Øpw Cu ]p-kv-X-Iw hm-bn-°p-tºmƒ. A-dn-hn-√mbv-a-I-fn¬ ssI-]n-Sn-®p \-S-Øn-b-h¿, Xmßm-bn-cp-∂-h¿, I-gn-hp I-s≠-Øn-b-h¿, s\-t©m-Sv tN¿-Øp-\n¿-Øn-b-h¿ A-ßs\ X-s∂ Xm-\m-°n-b Kp-cp-°-∑m-tcm-Sv

tZ-ho-{]o-Xn-°m-bn hn-izm-kn-Iƒ \-S-Ønh-cp-∂ A-\p-jvTm-\-I-e-bm-b Xo-bm-´ns\-°p-dn-®p-≈ hn-h-c-߃ k-am-l-cn-®ncn-°p-∂p. Xo-bm-´n-s‚ N-cn-{Xw, hn-hn-[-Xcw Xo-bm-´p-Iƒ, Xo-bm-´p-Æn-Iƒ, Xo-bm´n-s‚ th-j-hn-[m-\-߃, N-S-ßp-Iƒ, Xobm-´n-\p-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂ hm-tZym-]-I-c-W߃, Xo-bm-´p-Im-hp-I-fp-sS hn-ti-j߃, Xo-bm-´n-s‚ `m-hn Xp-S-ßn-b A-Snÿm-\-hn-h-c-߃ hn-i-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂-tXmsSm-∏w tI-c-f-Øn-se A-\p-jvTm-\-I-e-Isf-°p-dn-®pw hn-h-cn-°p-∂p. tUm. A-\n¬-Ip-am¿ h-en-b-ho-´n¬ Km-b-{Xn ]-ªn-t°-j≥-kv, tIm-´-bw


CMYK

2014 P\p-hcn 5 Rm-b-¿

_-‘w B-cw-`n-°p-∂-Xv. ]n-∂o-Sv dn-t]m¿-´dp-sS tPm-en-bp-t]-£n-®v B-ip-]-{Xn-bp-sS ]-Sn-°¬ Nm-b-°-®-h-Sw Xp-S-ßn. A-°m-eØv A-\m-Y-i-h-ß-sf-Sp-°m≥ B-fp-I-sf In-´m-Xm-b-t∏m-ƒ Nn-e-t∏m-sg-√mw t]m-enkp-Im¿ tPm-kn-s\ k-ao-]n-®n-cp-∂p. a-Sn-®pa-Sn-®m-sW-¶n-epw t]m-en-kn-s\ k-lm-bn®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂ tPm-kn-\v ap-\n-kn-∏m-en‰n/tIm¿-]-td-j≥ sIm-Sp-°p-∂ Xp-—-am-b {]-Xn-^-ew H-∂n-\pw Xn-I-bp-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. Zn-\-߃ I-S-∂p-t]m-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-t°, Pohn-X-Øn-s‚ em-`-\-„-°-W-°p-I-fp-sS t]Pn¬ Nm-b-°-®-h-S-tØ-°mƒ ap≥-Xq-°w ar-X-tZ-l-ß-fp-sS K-‘-Øn-\m-bn h-∂p.

a-cn-°pw h-sc Xp-S-cpw

h-≠n-bn¬-\n-∂v C-d-°m≥ B-cpw X-øm-dmbn-√. \n- -lm-b-cm-b t]m-en-kv tPm-kn-s\ k-ao-]n-®-t∏mƒ bm-sXm-cp a-Sn-bpw Iq-SmsX C-d-°n-b-Xm-Wv B-Zym-\p-`-hw. A-∂v sh-dp-∏p-I-e¿-∂ H-cp-X-cw t]-Sn-bm-bn-cp-∂p tPm-kn-\v tXm-∂n-b-Xv. F-∂m¬, H-cp cm-{Xnt]m-epw ]-tc-Xm-flm-°ƒ C-bm-sf i-eys∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´n-√. ""a-cn-®-h-sc-b-√ Po-hn-®ncn-°p-∂-h-sc-bm-Wv t]-Sn-t°-≠-Xv'' F-∂mWv tPm-kn-s‚ "bp-‡n-hm-Zw.'

sh-´p-s]m-fn F.--F-kv.] -- n. D-Æn-cm-P-\m-Wv tPm-kn-\v sh-´p-s]m-fn-sb-∂ C-c-´-t∏-cv k-Ωm-\n-®-Xv. ]n-∂o-Sv t]m-en-kp-Im-cpw tUm-Œ¿-am-cpw

CMYK

B-cpw I-S-∂p-h-cm≥ a-Sn-®n-cp-∂ Cu taJ-e C-∂v, I-cm¿ A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn-em-°n-bXn-\p ti-jw H-t´-sd-t∏¿ Cu cw-K-Øv {]h¿-Øn-°m≥ X-øm-dm-bn -h-cp-∂p-≠v. ""Iq-sS tPm-en sN-bv-X ]-e-cpw C-∂n-√. Nn-e-sc-√mw \n¿-Øn-t∏m-bn. F-∂m¬, Rm≥ a-cn-°pw-hsc Cu ]-Wn D-t]-£n-°n-√'' C-Xv tPm-kns‚ ]-£w.-- ]-e-t∏m-gpw X-\n-°v t\-cn-tS-≠nh-∂ A-a¿-Øn-®n-cn-I-fpw ]-cn-lm-k-ß-fpw H-cp sh-√p-hn-fn-bm-bn-´m-Wp tPm-kv G-s‰-SpØ-Xv. ""B-Zy-sam-s° h-f-sc F-Xn¿-∏p-Iƒ D-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy-°pw a-°ƒ-°pw Xo-sc C-„-eym-bn-cp-∂p. Im-c-Ww, a-°-fp-sS `m-hnPo-hn-X-sØ-t∏m-epw _m-[n-t®-°p-sa-∂ `b-am-bn-cp-∂p. C-∂v c-≠p a-°-fpw I-eym-Ww I-gn-®v Ip-Spw-_-am-bn C-cn-°p-∂p. C-t∏mƒ Ip-Spw-_w F-s∂ a-\- n-em-°p-I-bpw Iq-sS\n¬-°p-I-bpw sN-øp-∂p-≠v.'-- ' ]o-®n Um-an¬-\n-∂v H-º-Xp-Zn-h-kw ]-g-°-ap-≈ No-™p-\m-dp-∂ ar-X-tZ-lw Is≠-Sp-Øv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-®-t∏mƒ

Zo-£

k

-a-bw cm-hn-se F-´p-aWn. Bw-_p-e≥-kn-¬\n-∂p sh-≈-Øp-Wnbn¬ s]m-Xn-™ H-cp ar-X-tZ-lw aq∂m-ep-t]¿ t]m-en-kv A-I-º-Sn-tbmsS tam¿-®-dn-bn-te-°p Xm-ßn-s°m≠p-t]m-hp-∂p. i-co-cw t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´w tS-_n-fn¬ In-S-Øn-b-Xn-\p ti-jw AXn-sem-cmƒ am-{Xw ]p-d-tØ-°v C-dßn. A-bmƒ t]m-°-‰n¬-\n-∂v H-cp knK-c-s‰-Sp-Øv I-Øn-®v tam¿-®-dn-bp-sS ap≥-h-i-Øp-≈ tK-‰v e-£y-am-°n A¬-∏w ap-t∂m-´p \-S-∂p. a-c-Ww k-Ωm\n-® I-Sp-Ø `o-Xn-tbm Zpx-J-tam Ct∏mƒ A-bm-fp-sS ap-J-Øn-√! C-Xv tPm-kv; sh-´p-s]m-fn tPm-kv. ar-X-tZ-l-ß-fp-sS Iq-´p-Im-c≥. I-gn™ 38 h¿-j-am-bn Xr-iq¿ Pn-√m Bip-]-{Xn-bn-se t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´w k-lmbn-bm-bn tPm-en sN-bv-Xp-h-cp-I-bm-Wv

F-¥n-t\-sd ]-d-bp-∂p Un.--sF.--Pn. {io-teJ h-sc tPm-kn-s\ sh-´p-s]m-fn-sb-∂m-Wp hn-fn-°m-dp-≈-Xv. kw-`-h-ÿ-e-Øp-\n-∂v F-ß-s\ i-h-i-co-cw F-Sp-°-Ww, A-Xn-\pti-jw F-s¥-√mw sN-ø-Ww F-∂n-ß-s\ Cu cw-K-tØ-°v B-h-iy-am-b _m-e-]mT߃ a-‰p-≈-h¿-°p ]-d-™p-sIm-Sp-Ø-Xpw A-t±-l-am-Wv. h¿-j-ß-tfm-fw Xr-iq¿ Pn√m B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ tk-h-\-a-\p-jvTn-® tUm. kp-{_-“-Wy-\pw tPm-kn-s\-°p-dn-®v Nn-e-Xv ]-d-bm-\p-≠v. ""F-\n-°v h¿-j-ß-fmbn tPm-kn-s\-b-dn-bmw. F-¥p tPm-en-bpw h-f-sc B-flm¿-Y-X-tbm-sS sN-øp-∂ H-cmfm-Wv. B-Zy-Im-e-Øv \-∂m-bn a-Zy-]n-°p∂ kz-`m-h-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. F-∂m-ent∏mƒ c-≠p-h¿-j-am-bn ]q¿-W-am-bpw AXn¬-\n-∂p tam-Nn-X-\m-bn-´p-≠v.'-- ' h¿-j-ß-fm-bn A-\m-Y-i-h-߃-°m-bn Po-hn-Xw D-gn-™p-h-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv tPmtk-´≥. k¿-ho-kn¬ I-b-dn ap-∏-sØ-´v h¿j-am-sb-¶n-epw B-ip-]-{Xn tc-J-I-fn¬ tPm-kv F-∂ t]-cv D-≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√. Im-c-Ww, B-ip-]-{Xn-bp-am-bn a-‰p _-‘-ßtfm B-\p-Iq-ey-ß-tfm H-∂pw e-`y-a-√. tIm¿-]-td-j≥ sIm-Sp-°p-∂ ss]-k am-{Xam-Wp {]-Xn-^-ew.

CMYK

4

Xo£v-Wm-\p-`-h߃ C-{X-bpw Im-e-sØ sXm-gn¬-Po-hn-XØn¬ B-bn-c-Øn-e-[n-Iw ar-X-i-co-c-߃ tPm-kv ssI-Im-cyw sN-bv-Xp-I-gn-™p. Hmtcm A-\p-`-h-hpw am-bm-Ø Hm¿-a-bm-bn \n¬-°p-∂p-s≠-¶n-epw G-sd th-Z-\n-∏n-® c-≠v A-\p-`-h-ß-fm-Wv tPm-kn-s‚ a-\- ns\ C-S-bv-s°-√mw th-´-bm-Sm-dp-≈-Xv. 35 h¿jw ap-ºv Xr-iq¿-]q-cw sh-Sn-s°-´v A-]-I-SØn¬ Nn-∂n-®n-X-dn-b i-co-c-`m-K-߃ s]dp-°n-°q-´n-b-Xpw Ip-cn-b-®n-d sk‚ v tPmk-^v kv-Iqƒ sI-´n-Sw X-I¿-∂v \-gv-k-dn, ss{]-a-dn ¢m-kn-se F-´p Ip-´n-I-sf sI-´nSm-h-in-„-߃-°n-S-bn¬-\n-∂p ]p-d-sØ-SpØv t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\v F-Øn-®-Xpw. Cu Ip-™p-ap-J-߃ tPm-kn-t\m-Sp-t]m-epw A-\p-hm-Zw tNm-Zn-°m-sX ]-e-t∏m-gpw a-\ n-te-°v I-S-∂p-sN-√m-dp-≠v. F-{X {]n-b-s∏-´-h-cp-sS-bm-sW-¶n-epw ar-X-tZ-lw A-gp-In-b \n-e-bn-em-sW-¶n¬ B-cpw sXm-Sm≥ H-∂p-a-Sn-°pw. Po-hn-X-Ønse-∂-Xp-t]m-se a-c-W-Øn-epw H-‰-s∏-Sp-∂h¿ [m-cm-f-ap-≠v. Po-h≥ sh-Sn-™-Xn-\p ti-jw `u-Xn-I-tem-I-Øn-se N-S-ßp-Iƒ°m-bn Im-Øp-In-S-°p-tºmƒ A-h-km-\ "B-{i-b'am-Wv tPm-kv. a-Æn¬-\n-∂pw h∂-h-sc a-Æn-te-°p X-s∂ bm-{X-bm-°n Abmƒ Im-tXm¿-°p-∂p; A-Sp-Ø B-flm-hns‚ hn-fn-°m-bn... „

A-t©-cn F-d-ßm-t»-cn ho-´n-se Cu A-º-Øn-aq-∂p-Im-c≥. A-\m-Y-am-bn F-hn-sS-sb-¶n-epw H-cp i-h-i-co-cw Is≠-Øn-bm¬ t]m-en-kv B-Zyw hn-fn°p-∂-Xv tPm-kn-s\-bm-Wv. In-W-‰n-tem sd-bn¬-th {Sm-°n-tem tem-Uv-Pv-ap-dn-bn-se ^m-\n¬ Xq-ßntbm F-¥p-am-h-s´ i-hw F-Sp-°p-∂Xp ap-X¬ t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´w Xo-cp-∂-Xph-sc t]m-en-kp-Im-cp-sS-bpw tUm-Œ¿am-cp-sS-bpw h-ew-ssI-bm-Wn-bmƒ. am{X-a-√, ]-tc-X≥ A-\y-kw-ÿm-\-°mc-s\m A-\y-cm-Py-°m-c-s\m B-sW¶n¬ ar-X-tZ-lw I-b-‰n A-b-°m≥ Npa-X-e-s∏-´-h-cn-epw H-cm-fm-Wn-t±-lw.

]-{X-dn-t]m¿-´¿ h¿-j-߃-°p ap-ºv, 1975se A-Sn-b¥-cm-h-ÿ-°m-e-Øv, P-b-Im-l-fw ]{X-Øn¬ dn-t]m¿-´-dm-bn tPm-en sN-øsh \yq-kv dn-t]m¿-´v sN-øm≥ Pn-√m Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-b-Xp ap-X-em-Wv i-h-i-co-c-ß-fp-am-bp-≈ tPm-kn-s‚

kn\na

sdm-am‚n-Iv kn-\n-a-bp-sS {]m-tW-Xm-hm-b bm-iv tNm-{]-bp-sS \q-cnbn-se bp-k-^v F-∂ ss]-Pm-abpw Ip¿-Ø-bpw sXm-∏n-bpw [-cn-®v "B-Pm-sc.--.'-F-∂ Km-\-hpw ]m-Sn-t∏m-Ip-∂ bp-hm-hv ln-μn kn\n-a-bn¬ ]p-Xn-sbm-cp {]-W-b-\m-b-I-k-¶¬-∏w kr-jv-Sn-®p sIm-≠v s{S≥‚ v-sk-‰-dm-bn.

^m-dq-Jv si-bv-Jv-

A-`n-\-b-Øn-se em-fn-Xyw

CMYK

\S\mbpw kw-hn-[m-b-I-\mbpw A-h-Xm-c-I-\m-bpw I-gn-hp- sX-fn-bn-¨ {]-Xn-`m-im-en-bm-bn-cp-¶p I-gn-ª Znh-kw A-´-cn¨ ^m-dq-Jv si-bv-Jv

F.--F-kv. ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-™n

k

-am-¥-c ln-μn-kn-\n-a-bp-sS ªq sF-Uv t_m-bv, Po-\m C-ko I \mw sl Sn.--hn. t{]m-{Km-an-eq-sS, t{]-£-I-sc ]n-Sn-®n-cp-Øn-b k-c-k-\m-b A-hXm-c-I≥, \m-S-I-ß-sf-bpw \-√ kn-\n-a-I-sf-bpw s\-©n-te-‰n-b \-S≥ F-∂n-ß-s\-sbm-s°-bmhpw ^m-dq-Jv si-bv-Jv h-cpw-Im-e-Øv A-dn-b-s∏Sp-I F-∂v F-\n-°p tXm-∂p-∂p. A-t±-lw Zp-_bn¬-h-®v A-¥-cn-® hm¿-Ø 2013s‚ A-h-km-\sØ i-\n-bm-gv-N cm-hn-se-Ø-s∂ F-Øn. s]-s´-∂v a-\- v tN-t°-dn-b-Xv \q-cn(1979) Ime-L-´-Øn-te-°m-Wv. apw-ss_ sX-cp-hp-I-fn-se Iu-am-c-{]m-b-°m-cm-b bp-h-Xo-bp-hm-°-fp-sS Np≠p-I-fn¬ X-Øn-°-fn-® Cu-c-Sn-Iƒ. "B-Pm sc B-Pm sc H sa-sc Zn¬-_¿ B-Pm'˛ J-ømw-km_v Nn-´-s∏-Sp-Øn-b, Pm≥ \n-km¿ A-Jv-X-dn-s‚ h-cn-Iƒ. H-cp-]-t£, B Km-\-Øn-s‚ t]m-]p-emcn-‰n-bm-hmw A-∂v F-s∂ \q-cn {]-Z¿-in-∏n-°p-∂ Xn-tb-‰-dn-te-°m-I¿-jn-®-Xpw. "sdm-am‚n-Iv kn\n-a-I-fp-sS cm-Pm-hv' F-∂-dn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂ bm-jv tNm-{]-bp-sS ]-Sw. a≥-tam-l≥ Ir-jv-W F-∂ ]g-b-Im-e \-S≥ kw-hn-[m-\w \n¿-h-ln-® G-I kn\n-a. k-Xy-Øn¬ F-s∂ hn-kv-a-bn-∏n-®-Xv ^m-dpJv si-bv-Jv-˛-]q-\w Zn-√≥ tPm-Un-I-fp-sS "sa-bv-Uv t^m¿ Cu-®-Z¿' ep-°pw ]n-s∂ B {]-W-b-I-Ybp-sS km-£m-Xv-Im-c-Øn-\v k-lm-bn-® I-Æn-\v Ip-fn-tc-Ip-∂ ]-›m-Ø-e-hpw a-t\m-l-c-am-b

Km-\-ß-fp-am-bn-cp-∂p. bp-hm-°-sf Xn-tb-‰-dp-Ifn-te-°v ho-≠pw ho-≠pw B-I¿-jn-® kn-\n-a-Ifn-sem-∂m-bn-cp-∂p \q-cn. ^m-dq-Jv A-ß-s\ Fs‚ C-jv-S-\-S-∑m-cp-sS en-Ãn¬ C-Sw t\-Sn.

"Kcw l-h-'bn-eq-sS XpS°w bm-Zr-—n-I-sa-¶n-epw Fw. F-kv. k-Xyp-sh-∂ {]-Xn-`m-[-\-\m-b kn-\n-am-°m-c-s‚ B-Zy kw-cw`-am-b K-cw l-h(73)bn-eq-sS sh-≈n-Øn-c-bn--¬ {]-Xy-£-s∏-Sm≥ C-S-bm-b-Xv ^m-dq-Jv si-bv-Jv `m-Ky-am-bn I-cp-Xn-bn-cp-∂p. ln-μn kn-\n-am-N-cn{X-Øn-se \m-gn-I-°-√p-I-fn-sem-∂m-Wv "\-h-Xcw-K'Øn-\v _o-Pm-hm-]w sN-bv-sX-∂v ]-d-b-s∏Sp-∂ B kn-\n-a. 1947¬ hn-`-P-\m-\-¥-cw C-XnI¿-Ø-hy-Xm-aq-V-cm-b H-cp D-Ø-tc-¥y≥ ap-kvenw-Ip-Spw-_-Øn-s‚ I-Y ]-d-™ K-cw l-h, {]-ikv-X F-gp-Øp-Im-cn C-kv-a-Øv Np-Kv-Øm-bn-bp-sS c-N-\-I-fp-sS N-e-®n-{Xm-hn-jv-Im-c-am-Wv. `m-hn Xs‚ t\-sc Xp-dn-®p-t\m-°p-∂ A-`y-kv-X-hn-Zy-\mb a-I-s‚ th-j-Øn¬ ^m-dq-Jv si-bv-Jpw. B A-`n-\-bw k-Xy-Pn-Xv dm-bn t]m-epw {i-≤n-s®-∂Xn-s‚ sX-fn-hm-Wv A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ i-{X-Rv-Pv sI In-em-Unbn¬ A-`n-\-bn-°m≥ ^m-dq-Jn-s\ Xn-c-s™-Sp-Ø-Xv. \m-j-\¬ A-hm¿-Uv A-S-°w \n-c-h-[n ]p-ckv-Im-c-߃ hm-cn-°q-´n-b K-cw l-h ^m-dq-Jv sibv-Jn-s‚ sXm-∏n-bn-epw H-cp s]m≥-Xq-h-em-bn. apk-^¿ A-en-bp-sS {i-t≤-b kn-\n-a K-a-\nepw ^m-dq-Jv X-s∂-bm-Wv {]-[m-\ tdm-fn¬ {]-Xy£-s∏-´-Xv. bp.--]n-bn-se H-cp {Km-a-Øn¬-\n-∂p Po-hn-Xw I-cp-∏n-Sn-∏n-°m≥ apw-ss_-bn-te-°p

tN-t°-dn-b, Sm-Iv-kn-ss{U-h-dm-Im≥ hn-[n-°s∏-Sp-∂, Kp-emw l-k-s\-∂ bp-hm-hn-s\ ^m-dqJv si-bv-Jn-\-√m-sX a-‰m¿-°m-Wv C-ß-s\ ]-cIm-b-{]-th-iw sN-øm-\m-hp-I.--! Dw-dm-H Pm≥ I≠-h-cn¬, A-Xn-se \-hm-_n-s\ Hm¿-°m-Ø-hsc-{X t]-cp-≠m-hpw? km-bn ]-cm-Rv-Pv-s]-bp-sS N-jv-sa _p-±q-dn F-∂ tIm-a-Un-bn-se kn-≤m¿Yv, km-K¿ k¿-lm-Zn-bp-sS _m-km-dnse k¿-Pp, E-jn-tI-iv ap-J¿-Pn-bp-sS In-kn sk \ I-lv-\bnse c-ta-iv {Xn-th-Zn-sb-∂ k-c-k-\m-b I-Ym-]m{Xw, km-bn-bp-sS X-s∂ I-Y F-∂ kn-\n-a-bn¬ \-ko-dp-±o≥-jm A-h-X-cn-∏n-® I-Ym-]m-{X-sØ F-√m-bn-S-Øpw hn-Uv-Vn-bm-°p-∂ h-kp-tZ-hns\ Hm¿-°p-∂n-s√? "B-a-bpw ap-b-epw' I-Y Hm¿an-∏n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv A-Xn-se I-Ym-X-¥p. \-ko-dp±o≥ jm F-∂ B-a-bpw h-kp-tZ-hv(^m-dq-Jv) F∂ ap-b-epw. apw-ss_-bn-se C-S-Ø-cw bp-hm-°fp-sS I-Y ]-d-™ kn-\n-a. k-am-\-amb H-cp ]-Sw a-e-bm-f-Øn-ep-ap-≠v. B-tem-ew. I-Y A-]-l-cn®-Xm-hm-sa-∂pw ]-d-bmw. "I-Y'bn¬ h-kp-tZ-hns‚ tdm-fn¬ t{]-£-I-sc F-{X A-\m-bm-k-I-c-

"\qcn'-bn-se H-cp cw-Kw

am-bm-Wv ^m-dq-Jv si-bv-Jv Nn-c-∏n-®n-cp-Øn-bXv! b-Ym¿-Y-Øn¬ B em-fn-Xy-hpw A-\m-bmk-X-bpw A--t±-l-Øn-s‚ A-`n-\-b-Øn-s‚ ap-Jap-{Z-bm-Wv.

th-≠-Xv an-I-® I-Ym-]m-{X-߃ 1948¬ _-tdm-U-bp-sS A-t{am-en-bn-em-Wv ^mdq-Jn-s‚ P-\-\w. A-hn-S-sØ H-cp k-ao-μm¿ IpSpw-_-Øn-se Aw-K-hpw apw-ss_-bn¬ h-°o-epam-b ap-kv-X-^ si-bv-Jn-s‚-bpw ^-co-Z-bp-sS-bpw a-I-s‚ tIm-f-Pv hn-Zym-`ym-kw apw-ss_-bn¬ Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]n-∂o-Sv kn-≤m¿-Y tem tIm-fPn¬-\n-∂p \n-b-a-_n-cp-Z-hpw t\-Sn. sN-dp-∏Øn¬ hm-b-\-bn-epw A-`n-\-b-Øn-epw \-√ Xm¬∏-cyw {]-I-Sn-∏n-® ^m-dq-Jv, apw-ss_-bn¬ km-K¿ k¿-lm-Zn F-∂ \m-S-Ikw-hn-[m-b-I-s‚ Iq-sS C-¥y≥ ]o-∏vƒ-kv Xn-tb-‰¿ (C-]v-‰) {Kq-∏n¬ tN¿-∂p. _¬-cm-Pv km-”n A-∂v {Kq-∏n-se k-Poh-{]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. A-t±-l-am-Wv K-cw l-hbn-se tdm-fn-\v ^m-dq-Jn-s\ \n¿-tZ-in-®-Xv.

\q-cnbp-sS km-º-Øn-I hn-P-bw ^m-dq-Jn-\v •m-a¿-tdm-fp-I-fn-te-°p-≈ {]-th-i-\-I-hm-S-ambn am-dn-tb-s\. ]-t£, Xp-S¿-∂p h-∂ Hm-^-dp-Isf-√mw X-s∂ \q-cnbp-sS tIm-∏n-bm-sW-∂p ]-d™v A-t±-lw X-g-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. k-º-∂-\mhm-\p-≈ H-cp-]m-[n-bm-tbm, sXm-gn-em-tbm ^mdq-Jv A-`n-\-b-sØ F-Sp-Øn-√. ssI-h-∂ ]-e Hm-^-dp-I-fpw A-t±-lw Xn-c-kv-I-cn-®p. A-`n-\-bsa-∂-Xv H-cp I-e-bpw, Po-hn-X-Øn-e-Xv B-kzm-ZyI-c-hp-am-h-W-sa-∂m-Wv A-t±-lw hn-iz-kn-®-Xv. \-√ I-Ym-]m-{X-ß-sf \-∂m-bn A-h-X-cn-∏n-°pI-bm-Wv H-cp-]m-Sv I-Ym-]m-{X-ß-sf B-hn-jv-I-cn°p-∂-Xn-epw t`-Z-sa-∂pw A-t±-lw A-`n-{]m-bs∏-´n-cp-∂p. F-Æ-Øn¬ Ip-d-sh-¶n-epw A-hn-kva-c-Wo-b-ß-fm-b A-`n-\-b-ap-lq¿-Ø-ß-fpw IYm-]m-{Xm-hn-jv-Im-c-ß-fp-am-Wv ^m-dq-Jv si-bvJv kw-`m-h-\ sN-bv-X-Xv. 2010¬ C-d-ßn-b emtlmdnse A-\m-bm-k A-`n-\-b-Nm-Xp-cn-°v kl-\-S-\p-≈ tZ-io-b A-hm¿-Uv H-cn-°-se-¶n-epw tX-Sn-sb-Øn-b-Xv \-∂m-sb-∂p tXm-∂p-∂p.-G-‰-hpw A-h-km-\-am-bn A-`n-\-bn-®, tUmIv-S¿ Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS I-Y ]-d-bp-∂ ¢-_v 60bn-se A-`n-\-bw \n-cq-]-I-{]-iw-k ]n-Sn-®p ]-‰n. ^n-tdmkv A-∫m-kv si-bv-Jn-s‚ Xp-am-cn A-ar-X ko-cnb¬ c-≠p ]-Xn-‰m-≠v ]n-∂n-Sp-I-bm-Wv. kv-s‰-bvPv sπ-bm-bn tem-I-sa-ºm-Spw \n-c-h-[n sÃ-bv-PpI-fn-em-bn sIm-≠m-S-s∏-Sp-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. sXmÆq-dp-I-fn¬ Sn.--hn. ko-cn-b-ep-I-fm-b N-a-Xv-Imdpw, Pn a-{¥n-Pnbpw G-sd {]-iw-kn-°-s∏-´-XmWv. \n-c-h-[n sk-en-{_n-‰n-I-sf C‚¿ hyq sN-øp∂ Sn.--hn. tjm Po-\m C-kn I \mw sl A-t±-lØn-s‚ lyq-a¿ sk≥-kpw, H-cp A-h-Xm-c-I-s‚ {]m-K¬-`y-hpw G-sd sh-fn-hm-°-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. Ct∏mƒ C-¥y-bn-se F-√m `m-j-I-fn-ep-ap-≈ Nm\-ep-I-fn-epw b-Ym¿-Y-Øn¬ C-Xn-s‚ A-\p-I-cW-ß-fm-Wv A-c-tß-dn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. „

"i-{X-Rv-Pv sI In-em-Un-'bn¬

CMYK

A`n\-bw sXm-gn-em°mØ \S≥


Thejas Epaper sunday Edition 2014/01/05