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CMYK

CMYK

8

10 am¿®v 2014 Xn¶ƒ

10 am¿®v 2014 Xn¶ƒ padasala@thejasonline.com

]-co-£-sb-gpXmw T.P. SALEELA NASRIN, VI-D

RIYA FAOOF, UKG

K.V. MOHAMMED ANAS, III-C

MET Tirur Central School Tirur, Malappuram

mansilul hudha school, karupadanna, Thrissur

Farook A.L.P School, Farook College

Iqfm-bn CMYK

CMYK

C\n ]-co-£m lm-fn-te°v. Iq-´p-Imcp-sam-Øv H-∂n-®p-≈ ]T-\-Øn\pw c-k-I-cam-b A-\p-`-h-߃°pw hn-S. ]Tn-®-Xp-sIm-≠p- am-{X-am-bn√. \n›n-X k-a-b-Øn\-Iw D-Ø-c t]-∏-dn¬ AXv F-gp-Xn ^-en-∏n-°m≥ km-[n-°p-∂-h¿-°m-Wv hn-P-bw. π-kv-Sp ]-co-£ t\c-tØ Xp-S-ßn-b-Xm-W-t√m. sS≥-j-\n√m-sX D-Ø-c-sa-gp-Xm≥ {i-≤n-°pI. Hmtcm tNm-Zy-Øn-\pw kv-tIm¿ F-{X-sb-∂p t\m-°n B-h-iy-Øn-\p am{Xw D-Ø-c-sa-gp-Xp-I. h-en-®p\o-´n F-gp-Xn ka-bw ]m-gm-°-cp-Xv. Iq-´p-Im¿-s°√mw ]mT-im-e-bp-sS hn-P-bm-iw-kIƒ

St. Joseph’s U.P. School Chunangamvely, Aluva

JASNI JALEEL, V-B

K. FIDA, UKG

St. Teresas’s Konniyoor Poovachal, Thiruvananthapuram

MES College of Engineering Campus School, Kuttippuram

t]Pv G-gv Xp-S¿®

]qhn-se kq-cy³ Ing-°v, In-g°v, In-g-°v... kq-cy-\p-Zn-°p-∂-Xn\p-a-∏p-dw H-cp \m-Sp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. A-hn-sS cm-{Xnam-{X-am-Wv D-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv. A-hnS-sØ P-\-߃ F-t∏mgpw D-d-ßn-s°m-≠n-cp∂p. A-hn-sS H-cp apØ-»-\p-≠m-bn-cp∂p. B ap-Ø-»≥ H-cp k-∂ymkn-sb I≠p. k-∂ym-kn ap-Ø-»-\v H-cp ]q sImSpØp. F-∂n-´v ]-d™p. \msf Cu ]q-hn¬ H-cp kq-cy-\p-≠m-hpw. B kq-cy≥ C-hn-sS F√m ÿeØpw sh-fn-®w \¬-Ipw. A-ß-s\ B ]q-hn¬ Hcp kq-cy-\p-≠m-bn. A-∂p-ap-X¬ A-hn-sS cmhpw ]-I-ep-ap-≠mbn. F√m-h¿°pw k-t¥m-j-ambn. ]n-∂o-Sv A-Xv B-\-μ-]p-c-am-bn A-dn-b-s∏-´p.

^m-Øn-a- sl-∂, Std. IV

c)

ss{]-a-dn-bn-eq-sS H-gp-Ip-∂ I-d‚ v 12A B-º-b¿ B-sW-¶n¬ sk-°‚-dn tImbn-en-eq-sS H-gp-Ip-∂ Id‚ v F-{X-bm-bncn°pw?

20. B.

A

B

Fw. sFjm en≥-j, IV-B F.F¬.]n kv-Iqƒ ]pXn-tbSØv, Ip-‰n-°m-´q¿

πk‚v hyq Cw-•o-jv ao-Un-bw kv-Iqƒ, sN-dp-h-Æq¿, ^-tdm°v

C a) b) c)

T.T. MUHAMMED ASLAM, LKG M.E.T. English Medium School, Koppam, Pattambi

d)

Nn-{X-Øn¬\n-∂v \yq-{S¬ sse≥ ÿm]n-®v Nn{Xw ]-I¿-Øn h-c-bv-°p-I. t^-kv˛t^-kv thmƒ-t´-Pv F-{X-bmWv? Cu kv-‰m¿ I-W-Ivj-\n¬\n∂pw H-cp ho-´n-te-°v ssh-Zyp-Xn F-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-\v G-sX√mw sse-\p-Iƒ D-]-tbm-Kn-°Ww? Kr-l-ssh-Zyp-Xo-I-c-W-Øn¬ B-Zy-ambn ssh-Zyp-Xn F-Øp∂-Xv G-Xv D-]-I-cW-Øn-te-°mWv?

CMYK

RIYA AFSAL, UKG-A

CMYK


2 10 am¿®v 2014 Xn¶ƒ

10 am¿®v 2014 Xn¶ƒ

F-kv.F-kv.F¬.kn. tP ym-Xn\mY hm-cy¿ (Pn.F-®v.F-kv.F-kv. I-Sp-ß-]p-cw)

aebm-fw A-Sn-ÿm-\-]mTmhen (]m¿-´v - 2) ≈ {]-Xn-tj-[m-·n-bmWv "hm-°n-s‚ IqsS-cn-bp-∂p' F-∂ te-J-\-Øn¬ Im-Wp∂Xv. "kuμ-cy ]q-P'bn¬ tI-c-f-Øn-s‚ \-„-s∏-´p t]m-hp-∂ {]-Ir-Xn ku-μcyw hn-h-cn-°p∂p. ku-μcyw A-h-X-cn-∏n-°m\p-≈ D-]m-[nbm-b `m-j-bp-sS ku-μ-cy hpw \-ap-°p \-„-am-hp-∂p F-∂ kq-N-\ ku-μ-cy-]q-P-bn-ep≠v. G-Xp ku-μ-cy hpw BZ-cn-°-s∏-SWw, ]qPn-°-s∏-SWw F∂ k-tμ-iw \¬-Ip-∂ io¿-j-I-am-Wv ku-μ-cy-]q-P. am-Xr-`m-jbm-b a-e-bm-fØn-s‚ kzm-[o-\-i-‡n-bpw {]m-[m-\yhpw F-Sp-Øp-]-d-bp-∂ I-hn-X-bmWv "a-ebmfw.' a-e-bm-f-sØ-°p-dn-®v hn-h-cn-°p∂ I-hn-X-bv°v "a-e-bmfw' F-∂ X-e-s°´v A-\p-tbm-Py-am-Wv. \-≥aIƒ \-„-s∏-Sp-∂-tXm¿-Øv henb s\mº-cw A-\p-`-hn-°p-∂ C-∂-Ø Xe-ap-d-bv°p ap-ºn¬, Zpx-J-a-\p-`-hn-°p-∂h-cp-sS ap-ºn¬, X-s‚ sIm-®p Zpx-Jß-sf D-d-°n-°nS-Øn `m-h-Ko-Xw B-e-]n-°p-I-

A-Snÿm-\ ]mTm-h-en-bn¬\n-∂v 40 am¿-°n-\p≈ tNm-Zy-ap-≠m-hpw. {i-≤-tbmsS ]Tn-®m¬ A+ t\-Sm≥ hf-sc F-fp-∏-ap-≈ t]-∏-dm-Wv. F√m Ip-´n-Ifpw F-gptX-≠ a-e-bm-fw t]-∏-dm-WnXv. a-e-bm-fw H∂mw `m-j-bm-bn ]Tn-°m-Ø-h¿-°v am-Xr`m-j ]Tn-°m-\p-≈ A-hk-cw Iq-Sn-bm-Wv A-Sn-ÿm-\-]mTm-h-en-bp-sS ]T\w. A-Xn-\v k-lm-bn-°p-∂ G-Xm\pw {]-h¿-Ø-\-߃ Nph-sS tN¿-°p-∂p.

{]-h¿-Ø-\w: H-∂v

{]-h¿Ø-\w aq∂v

]-´n-I-s∏-SpØp-I ]mT-`mKw, I¿-Ømhv, IrXn, km-lnXy-cq-]w/{]-ÿm-\w, I-Ym-]m-{X߃, tI-{μ-B-ibw (]mT-`mK-Øv B-sc-°p-dn®v A-s√-¶n¬ F-¥n-s\-°p-dn-®v ]-d-™ncn-°p∂p, F-¥m-Wv ]-d-™n-cn-°p∂-Xv F-∂p hn-h-cn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv tI-{μ Bi-bw AY-hm {]-ta-bw.) F-∂ {I-a-Øn¬ ]´nI X-øm-dm-°p-I-bm-Wv B-Zy {]-h¿-Ø\w. (am-Xr-Im]´nI Im-WpI) ]mT-`m-Kw

I¿-Øm-hv

io¿-j-I-Øn-s‚ Hu-NnXyw ]cn-tim-[n-°p-I ]mT-`m-K-Øns‚tbm bq-\n-‰ns‚tbm X-e-s°-´v ]cn-tim-[n-®v B hn-[-Øn¬ Hcp io¿j-Iw \¬-In-b-Xns‚ Hu-NnXyw ]cn-tim-[n-°p-I-bm-Wv sN-tø-≠Xv. ]mT`m-Kw \-∂m-bn hm-bn-®p t\m-°n A-Xn-s‚ Bi-bw I-s≠-Øp-I. B B-i-b-hp-ambn F-{X-am{Xw _-‘w io¿-j-I-Øn-\ps≠-∂p hn-i-Ie-\w sN-øp-I. io¿j-Iw

Ir-Xn

F-s‚ `m-j

h-≈-tØmƒ km-ln-Xy a-RvP-cn \m-cm-b-W ta-t\m≥

hm-°n-s‚ Iq-sS-cn-bp-∂p

UntIm-f-ss\-kn-Mv Kq-Kn-hmXn Hmw-tKm Zn ssa≥-Uv

km-ln-Xycq-]w/ {]-ÿm-\w

I-Ym-]m-{X-߃

tI-{μ B-i-bw

I-hn-X

........

am-Xr-`mj-sb s]-‰-Ω-bm-bn I¬∏n-®v A-Xn-s‚ {]m-[m-\yw hn-h-cn°p-∂p

te-J-\w

........

X-s‚ am-Xr-`m-j-bm-b Kn-Ip-bp-hns‚ {]m-[m-\yw. {_n-´n-jv `-c-WIm-e-Øp≠m-b A-Sn-®-a¿-Ø-ens‚ I-Y hn-h-cn-°p-∂p

kuμ-cy]q-P

]n. Ip-™n-cm-a≥\mb¿

]q-°fw

Ihn-X

........

tI-c-f-Øn-s‚ {]-Ir-Xnku-μcyw hn-h-cn-°p-∂p

a-e-bm-fw

k-®n-Zm-\μ≥

a-e-bm-fw

Ihn-X

.........

a-e-bm-f`m-j I-hn-bp-sS _m-eyIme-Øv Fß-s\ X-s∂ kzm-[o\n®p

am-Xr-I-bn¬ kq-Nn-∏n-®-t]m-se a-‰p ]mT-`m-K-ßfpw ]-´n-I-s∏-Sp-Øn ]Tn-®m¬ ]mT-]p-kvX-Iw ap-gp-h-\m-bn H-cp {]mhiyw hm-bn-®pt\m-°m\pw A-Xph-gn F√m ]mT-`m-K-ßfpw ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sm\pw I-gn-bp-∂p. {]-h-¿Ø-\w c≠v Po-h-N-cn-{X-°p-dn-∏v X-øm-dm°p-I ]mT-`m-K-ß-fp-sS F-gp-Øp-Im-sc A-dnbm-\p-≈ {]-h¿-Ø-\-am-WnXv. ]mT-]p-kvX-I-Øn¬ ]-Øp ]mT-`m-K-ap≠v. Hm-tcm∂n-s‚bpw F-gp-Øp-Im-cp-sS Po-h-N-cn-{X°p-dn-∏v X-øm-dm-°Ww. P-\\w, am-Xm-]nXm°ƒ, hn-Zym-`ymkw, km-ln-Xykw-`mh-\Iƒ, t\Sn-b ]p-c-kv-Im-c߃, c-N-\bp-sS k-hn-ti-j-X-Iƒ F∂n-h Dƒ-s∏Sp-Øn-bm-bn-cn°-Ww Ip-dn-∏v X-øm-dm-t°≠Xv. Po-h-N-cn-{X-°p-dn-∏v X-øm-dm-°m≥ tNm-Zy-ap-≠m-hpw. a-‰p tNm-Zy-߃-°v DØ-c-sa-gp-Xm\pw F-gp-Øp-Im-c-s\-°p-dn®p-≈ A-dn-hv {]-tbm-P-\-s∏-Sp-∂p.

]mT-`m-K-Øn-\v F-{X-am{Xw A\p-tbm-Pyam-sW-∂v hn-h-cn-°p-I. Cßs\ Hmtcm io¿-j-I-ßfpw ]cn-tim-[n-°p-∂-Xn-eqsS ]mT-`m-K-Øn-s‚ i-cnbm-b H-cmi-bw \-ap-°p e-`n-°p∂p. ]mT-`m-K-hp-am-bn _‘-s∏´ tNm-Zy-߃-°v DØ-cw F-gpXm≥ C-Xp hf-sc {]-tbm-P-\-s∏-Sp-∂p. tI-cfo-b I-hn-I-fn¬ am-Xr-`mj-sb Gsd kv-t\-ln-°p-Ibpw am-Xr-`m-j-bpsS ku-μ-cyhpw k-hn-ti-j-X-Ifpw hmt\m-fw ]m-Sn-∏p-I-gv-Øp-Ibpw sN-bv-X Ihn-bm-Wv h-≈-tØmƒ. am-Xr-`m-j-bp-sS a-lØzw hn-h-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv "F-s‚ `mj' F-∂ I-hn-X-bn-eq-sS A-t±lw. kz¥w am-Xr-`m-j-tbm-Sv I-hn-°p-≈ a-a-X hy‡-am-°p-∂ io¿-j-I-amWv "F-s‚ `mj'. A-Xnse "Fs‚' F-∂ {]-tbm-Kw {it≤-b-amWv. A-Xp-sIm-≠v io¿j-Iw hfsc D-Nn-X-amWv. kz-¥w am-Xr-`m-j-bp-sS a-lØzw hn-h-cn-°p-∂-tXm-sSm-∏w X-s‚ `m-j-tbm-Sv A-[n-\nth-i i-‡n-Iƒ ImWn-® {Iq-c-X-Iƒ A-°-an-´p \n-c-Øp-Ibm-Wv Kq-Kn-hmXn Hmw-tKm. AXn-t\m-Sp-

bm-Wv H.F≥.hn. Ip-dp-∏v "sIm-®p Zpx-Jß-fp-dßq' F-∂ I-hn-X-bn¬. X-s‚ ZpxJ-߃ a-‰p-≈-h-cp-sS Zpx-J-߃-°p apºn¬ F-{X \n- mcw. Hu-Nn-Xy-]q¿-Wamb io¿-j-I-am-Wv "sIm-®p Zp-xJ-ß-fpdßq.' A-bn-Ø-Øn-s‚bpw A-\m-Nm-c-ßfp-sS-bpw -A-‘-hn-izm-k-ß-fp-sSbpw tI{μ-am-bn-cp-∂ {_-“m-e-b-߃ G-h¿°pw IS-∂psN√m-hp-∂ a-X-ssa-{Xn-bp-sS tI{μ-ß-fm-bn Xp-d-∂n-Sp-∂ cw-Kw hn-h-cn-°p∂ ]mT-`m-K-am-Wv "{_-“me-bw Xp-d-°s∏-´p'. H-∏w X-s∂ a-\- n-em-°p-∂-Xn¬ ]-cm-P-b-s∏-´ aI-\p ap-ºn¬ H-cp {_-m“W-≥ X-s‚ a\- v Xp-d-∂n-Sp-∂-Xn-s‚ Nn{Xhpw Im-Wmw. Xn-I®pw A\p-tbm-Pyamb io¿-j-I-am-bn am-dp-∂p C-Xv. H-cn-°epw tXm-cm-Ø am-Xr-Zpx-J-Øn-s‚ {]-Xo-IamWv "tXm-cma-g.' H-cn-°epw s]-bv-Xp tXm-cm-Ø am-Xr-ZpxJ-sØ kq-Nn-∏n-°p∂-Xm-I-bm¬ "tXm-cma-g' F-∂ io¿jIw ]mT-Øn-\p-Nn-X-amWv. am-\pjn-I aqey-ß-ƒ ssI-tam-iwh-∂ X-e-ap-d-bp-sS {]-Xn-\n-[n-bm-Wv "F-s¥ms°tbm \-„-

s∏-´ H-cmƒ' F-∂ I-Y-bn-se \m-b-IIYm-]m-{Xw. A-bm-fp-sS \-„w hn-h-cn-°p∂-Xp-sIm-≠v io¿j-Iw ]mT-Øn-\p tNcp∂p. A`-bw bm-Nn-®p h-cp-∂ dm-Wn-°v A-Xp \¬-Im≥ I-gn-bm-sX \n- -lm-b\m-bn \n¬-°p-∂ \m-bI-\v Fs¥ms°tbm \-„w kw-`-hn-®n-´p-≠v F∂ I-s≠-ج I-Ym-Ir-Øv A-h-X-cn-∏n®n-cn-°p∂p Cu ]mT-`m-K-Øv. a-W¬-hm-c-¬ sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-bn-cp-∂ \-Po-_v D≈-Xp hn-‰p-s]-dp-°n Kƒ-^n-seØp∂p. kv-t]m¨-k¿ am-dn-b-Xn-\m¬ hgn-am-dn H-cp a-k-d-bn-se-Øp∂p. A-hn-sS A-\p-`-hn-t°-≠n-h-∂ ]o-U\-I-Y Xpd∂p]-d-bp-∂ ]mT-`m-K-amWv "B-Sp-Po-hnXw.' t\m-h-en-s‚ t]-cp X-s∂-bm-Wv ]mT`m-K-Øn-\pw \¬-In-bn-´p-≈Xv. B-Sn-t‚Xp t]m-se-bp-≈ Po-hn-Xw, B-Sp-am-bn tN¿-∂p-≈ Po-hnXw, B-Sn-s\-t∏m-se-bp≈ Po-hnXw, B-Sm-bn-Øo¿-∂p-≈ Po-hnXw, B-Sn-s‚ Po-hn-Xw F-s∂√mw hymJym-\n-°m-\mhpw B-Sp-Po-hn-Xw F-∂ io¿-jIw. \-Po-_v A-\p-`-hn-® Po-hnXsØ hn-h-cn-°m≥ ta¬-∏-d-™ F√m hym-Jym-\-߃°pw I-gn-bpw. ]mT-`m-KØn-\v G-‰-hpw D-Nn-Xam-b io¿-j-I-am-Wv B-Sp-Po-hnXw. A-°-c-∏-® I-≠v tam-lnX-cm-bn ]n-d-∂ \m-Sn-s\ i-]n-®v B-km-ante-°v sXm-gn¬ tX-Sn t]m-hp-Ibpw AhnS-sØ Po-hn-Xw sIm-≠v kz-¥w \m-Sns‚ a-lØzw Xn-cn-®-dn-bp-Ibpw sN-bv-Xt∏mƒ \m-´n-te-°p X-s∂ a-S-ßp-∂ H-cp ]-‰w sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS I-Y-bm-Wv Bkmw ]-Wn-°m¿ F-∂ I-hn-X-bp-sS {]ta-bw. bq-\n-‰v io¿-j-I-ßfpw C-Xp-t]m-se hn-h-cn-°mw. Pohn-Xbm-{X-bn¬ Im-en-S-dn ho-gm-sX \-S-°m≥ k-lm-bn-°p-∂ hm°n-s‚ (`m-j-bp-sS) aln-a hn-h-cn-°p-∂ io¿-j-I-am-Wv "hm°mw h¿-W-°p-SNqSn.' kv-t\-l-_-‘-ß-fpw am-\pjn-Iaqey-ßfpw \n-e\n¬-t°-≠-Xn-s‚ {]m[m\yw hn-h-cn-°p∂p "th-W-ao-kvt\-l _-‘-ß-fq-gn-bn¬' F-∂ io¿-j-Iw. I-S¬ IS-∂p hn-tZi-Øp t]m-b {]-hmkn-I-sf-bpw (A-e I-S-∂h¿) a-eI-S-∂v A-\y-kw-ÿm-\-ß-fn-te-°p sXm-gn¬ tX-Sn t]m-b-h-scbpw Ip-dn-®v hn-h-cn-°p∂p "A-ebpw a-ebpw I-S-∂h¿' F-∂ io¿-j-I-Øn¬ h-cp-∂ bq-\n‰v. bq-\n-‰v io¿-j-I-Øns‚ Hu-Nn-Xyw hym-Jym-\n®p hn-i-Zo-I-cn-®p ]Tn-®m¬ bq-\n-‰v ssIImcyw sNøp-∂ {]-iv-\-߃ a-\- n-em°mw. s]m-Xphmb tNm-Zy-ß-ƒ°v DØcw F-gp-Xm-\n-Xv k-lm-bn-°pw. {]-h¿Ø-\w \mev I-hn-X-I-fn-se {]-[m-\-s∏-´ h-cn-Iƒ-°v hym-Jym-\-°p-dn-∏v X-øm-dm-°pI F-s‚ `m-j, ku-μ-cy-]q-P, a-e-bm-fw, sIm-®p Zpx-J-ß-fp-dßq, tXm-cma-g, Bkmw ]-Wn-°m¿ F-∂o I-hn-X-I-fm-Wv ]pkv-X-I-Øn-ep-≈Xv. ]p-kv-X-I-Øn-se hym-Jym-\ km-[y-X-bp-≈ h-cn-Ifpw h-cnIƒ X-∂p-sIm-≠v tNm-Zn-°m-hp∂ tNmZy-ßfpw \¬-Ip∂p. hym-Jym-\n®pw D-Øc-sa-gp-Xnbpw ]Tn-°p-I. D-Ø-c-sa-gp-Xm-

\p-≈ Nn-e kq-N-\-Ifpw \¬-Ip-∂p. 1. ""F-∂m¬, F-\n-°-Xn-s‚ `m-j-b-dn-bn√-t√m.'' I-hn-bpsS Cu ]-cn-tZ-h-\-Øn-s‚ s]m-cpsf¥v (`m-j A-dn-bm-Ø-Xn-s‚ t]-c-n-¬ A-\p`-hn-t°-≠nh-cp-∂ {]-iv-\-߃-)

2. a-‰p-≈ `m-j-Iƒ tIh-ew [m-{Xn-am¿ a¿-Øy-∂p s]-‰-Ω-X≥ `m-j-Xm≥ (am-Xr`m-j s]-‰-Ωbpw a-‰p `m-j-Iƒ t]m-‰-Ω-am-cp-w B-sW-∂p I-hn ]-d-bp∂p˛ Hu-NnXyw I-s≠-ØpI.) 3. G-sXm-cp th-Z-hp-ta-sXm-cp im-kv-{X-hp˛ ta-sXm-cp Im-hy-hp-ta-sXm-cmƒ°pw lr-Øn¬ ]-Xntb-W-sa-¶n¬ kz-`m-jX≥ h-Iv-{X-Øn¬\n-∂p Xm≥ tIƒ-°-th-Ww (G-Xp Im-cyhpw a-\- n¬ ]-Xn-b-W sa-¶n¬ am-Xr-`m-j-bn-eq-sS ]Tn-°-Ww.) 4. "lrZyw kz-`m-j-X-≥ ioI-c-tam-tcm∂p apƒ-tØ-\m-bv-t®-cp-∂p Nn-Ø-Xm-cn¬ -A-\y-_n-μp-°tfm X¬-_-ln¿-`mKta an-∂n-®p \n¬-°p-∂-Xq-ap-ØpIƒ' io-Icw˛ a-g-bp-≈-t∏mƒ Im-‰n¬ sX-dn®p ho-gp-∂ P-eI-Wn-I-Iƒ(Xq-hm-\-IW߃). Nn-Ø-Xm-cv˛a-\- m-Ip-∂ ]qhv. kz-¥w `m-j-bn-se io-I-c-߃ NnØ-Xm-cn¬ tX≥I-Ww t]m-se A-en™p-tN-cpw. A-\y-_n-μp-°ƒ _-ln¿`mK-Øp ]-‰n\n¬-°p-∂ Xq-ap-Øp-Iƒ am-{X-am-Wv. am-Xr-`m-j-bn-se ]-Z-߃ lr-Z-bw-K-a-ß-fm-Wv. 5. B-Zn-a-Im-hyhpw ]-©a-th-Zhpw \o-Xn-s∏m-cp-fp-ap-]-\n-jØpw ]m-Sn kz-Iob-sc tIƒ∏n® ssI-cfn ]m-Sh -- -lo-\-sb-∂m¿-]-d-bpw. B-Zn-a-Im-hyw˛cm-am-bWw, ]-©-a-thZw˛a-lm-`m-cXw, ]m-S-h-lo-\˛km-a¿-Yy-an√m-Øhƒ. im-kv-{Xo-bam-b Im-cy-߃ {]-Xn-]m-Zn-°m≥ a-ebm-f `m-j i-‡-a√ F-∂ B-tcm-]-W-Øn-\p-≈ a-dp]-Sn. Xs‚ `m-j-bv-°v F¥pw h-g-ßp-sa-∂v Ihn A-`n-am-\wsIm-≈p∂p. 6. tI-c-f-Øn-∂o-bn-cpƒ-°-p≠n¬ \n-s∂m-∂p tI-dm≥ ]n-Sn-°-b-sd-¥p th-td C-cpƒ-°p≠v, ]n-Sn-°-b¿ F-∂o {]-tbmK-߃ tI-c-f-Øn-s‚ G-X-h-ÿ Nq≠n-°m-´p-∂p? am-Xr-`m-j-sb A-h-KWn®-Xp sIm-≠p≠m-b Zp-c-h-ÿ I-hn kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂p. kmw-kv-Im-cn-I-Ø-I¿®bpw a-‰pw. 7. I-Æo-c-Wn-™p Ip-{Km-a e£-van t\m-°n-bn-cn°-th tIh-©n tI-dn-t∏m-tbm-W sh-Æn-em-h-Wn-cm-hpIƒ Ip-{Km-a-Øn¬ sF-izcyw I-S-∂p-h-cp∂Xv Hm-Ww t]m-se-bp-≈ B-tLm-jth-f-I-fn-em-Wv. A-Xp- I-gn-bp-∂-tXm-sS B-Àm-Zw \n-e-bv-°p-∂p. IÆo-tcm-sS Ip-{Km-aw A-Xp t\m-°n-°m-Wp∂p. HmW-°me-sØ ]q¿-WN-{μ≥ Hm-Ww I-gnbp-∂-tXm-sS tim-jn-®v tXm-Wn-bp-sS B-Ir-Xn-bn-em-hp-∂p. sh-Æn-em-h-Wn™ a-t\m-l-ccm-{Xn-Iƒ A-tXm-sS C√m-Xm-hp-∂p. Ip-{Km-a-Øn-\v a-\p-jy-`mhw I-¬∏n-®n-cn-°p∂-Xv {i-≤n-°p-I. (CXp-t]m-se {]-Ir-Xnh-kv-Xp-°ƒ ]-e-Xn\pw I-hn a-\p-jy-`m-hw \-¬Ip-∂p-≠v. I-s≠-Øn Ip-dn-®p-h-bv-°p-I.) 8. I-kv-Xq-cn-°p-dn ]q-ip-∂ h-c-ºn≥ h-°n-sem-s°-bpw Im¬-h-bv-]n-\m¬ ]q-\nc-Øn c-ay-im-c-Z I\y-I (i-c-Xv-Im-e-Øn-s‚ hc-hv A-h-X-cn-∏n°p-∂p.) 9. Ip-fp¿-s°-b-hƒ t\m-°p-tºmƒ ]q-Øp hn¨-]n-®-I-s®-Sn

A-hƒ \o-cmS-th \o-e Z¿∏-Ww ]m-gv-sN-fn-°pfw. (I-∂n-am-k-Øn-se \-£-{Xm-¶n-Xam-b B-Im-ihpw Xp-em-am-kØn--se Im¿-taLm-hr-X B-Im-ihpamWv kq-N\.) 10. s]m∂pw h-bºpw sIm-≠v F-s‚ \m-hn≥ Xp-ºn¬ J-\n-I-fp-sS B-ghpw h-\-ß-fp-sS km-{μXbpw ]-I¿-∂-hƒ Ip-´n ]nd-∂pho-gp-tºmƒ C-Øn-cn- tXs\-Sp-Øv A-Xn¬ s]m-∂c®vv s]m¬-Øfn¬-®p-≠p-I-fn¬ sXm-´p sIm-Sp-°p-∂ NS-ßv kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂p. Ip-™v B-Zy-ambn \p-W-bp-∂ `u-Xn-I-{Zhyw A-Xm-Wv. am-Xr-`m-jbm-b a-e-bm-fw ]n-d-∂p ho-Wt∏mƒØ-s∂ X-s‚ \m-hn-¬ s]m∂pw h-b-ºp-am-bn In-\n-™n-dßn-b A-\p-`qXn I-hn A-h-X-cn-∏n-°p∂p. 11. C-c-bnΩ-s‚ Xm-cm´pw D-Æm-bn-bp-sS ]-Z-ßfpw sIm-≠v F-s∂ kz-]v-\-Øn-te-°p-d-°n-°n-SØn-bhƒ. G-sXm-s° Ir-Xn-I-fm-Wn-hn-sS kq-Nn-∏n®ncn-°p-∂-Xv? C-c-bn-Ω≥ X-ºn-bpsS "Hm-a-\-Øn-¶ƒ°nSmthm' F-∂ Xm-cm-´p-]m-´pw D-Æmbn hm-cy-cp-sS \-f-N-cn-Xw B-´-°-Y-bnse "]-Z'-ß-fpw (I-Y-I-fn-bn-se kw-`mj-W `m-Kam-b h-cn-Iƒ-°v ]-Z-sa-∂p ]dbpw) X-s∂ kzm-[o-\n®-Xv I-hn hy-‡am-°p∂p. 12. F-s‚ s…-bn-‰n¬ hn-S¿-∂ a-g-hn√v F-s‚ ]p-kv-X-I-Øm-fn¬ s]-‰p-s]-cpIn-b a-bn¬∏oen. {]m-Yan-I hn-Zym-`ym-k Im-e-sØ c-k-Icam-b A-\p-`-h-߃ I-hn A-\p-kv-a-cn°p-∂p. s…-bn-‰n¬ h-c-®n-´ Ip-kr-Xn-®n{X-ßfpw ]p-kv-X-I-Øm-fn-en-cp-∂p s]‰ps]-cpIn-b a-bn¬-∏o-en-bp-sa√mw Hm¿°p∂p. 13. kz-c-ß-fn-eq-sS tX\pw hy-Rv-P-\-ß-fn-eq-sS C-cp-ºp-sam-gp-°p-∂ A-º-sØm-∂p I-ºn-I-fp-≈ hoW. kz-c-߃ X-S- -an√m-sX kz-X-{¥-am-bn D-®-cn-°p-∂ A-£-c-ß-fm-Wv. tX≥ t]m-se am-[p-cy-ap-≈-h-bm-Wv. F-∂m¬, hy-Rv-P-\-߃ hm-bv-°p-≈n¬ kv]¿-in-®p-®-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\m¬ A-h-bv-°v ]m-cpjyw tXm∂pw. A-Xp-sIm-≠mWv hy-RvP-\ß-sf ]-cp-°\m-b C-cpºnt\m-Sp km-Zr-iy-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv. 14. A-dnhpw B-S-tem-S-Ihpw a-W-°p-∂ ]-g-sam-gn-I-fp-sS \n-d-\n-em-hv ]m-ºn≥ am-f-߃ \n-d-™ I-S-¶-Y-I-fp-sS \q-Wp t]m-tI≠ ssa-em-©n-h-gnIƒ ]-g-s©m√p-I-fp-sSbpw I-S-¶-Y-I-fp-sSbpw G-sX√mw {]-tXy-I-X-Iƒ kq-Nn-∏n°p∂p? A-dn-hp-]-I-cm-\p-≈ I-gn-hv. ]-g-s©m√n¬ A-S-ßn-bn-´p-≈ B-i-b߃ Huj-[w t]m-se a-\- n¬-°-S∂v tcm-K-hnap-‡n h-cp-Øp-∂p. B-S-temS-Iw ˛ H-cp ]-®-a-cp∂v. i-cnbm-b A¿-Yw ]-I-¿-∂pX-∂v a-\- n¬ \n-em-shm-gp-°n {]-Im-i-am-\-am-°p∂p. hf-™p ]pf-™p Nn-¥n-®v ]pXn-b A¿-YX-e-ß-fn-te-°v \-sΩ \-bn-°m\p≈ I-S-¶-Y-I-fp-sS I-gnhv. 15. a-e-bm-fw F-∂ I-hn-X-bn-se hym-Jym\w th-≠ {]-tbm-K-߃ ˛ h-cn-Iƒ I) k-‘y-I-fn¬ A-·n hn-ip-≤-bm-bn I-\-I {]-` sNm-cn-™ F-gp-Ø-—-s‚ ko-Xm am-Xmhv. I¿-°-S-I am-k-Ønse k-‘y-I-fn¬ hm-bn-®ptI-´ cm-amb-Ww In-fn-∏m-´n-s\-°p-dn-®v kq-Nn-∏n°p∂p. cm-a-s‚bpw ko-X-bp-sS-bpw IY hm-bn-®p-tI´p. I-hn-sb kzm-[o-\n®Xv ko-X-bm-sW-∂-Xv ko-Xm-am-Xm-hv F-∂ {]-tbm-Kw kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂p.

H-∏w F-gp-Ø—-s‚ I-hn-X-I-ƒ ]-cn-Nbn-®Xpw I-hn kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂p. I-hnX-bn¬ a-s‰m-cnS-Øv In-fn-∏m-´n-s‚ Ipep-ßp-∂ Xq-°p-]m-ew F-∂ kq-N-\bp-ap≠v. J) ]-®bpw In-co-S-hp-a-Wn-™v A-c-a-Wnbpw Nn-eºpw In-ep-°n R-߃ t\Snb hm-Sm-Ø I-eym-W ku-K-‘n-Iw. B-Zy Xp-≈¬ Ir-Xn-bm-b I-eym-W ku-K-‘nIw io-X-¶¬ Xp-≈¬ ]-cnN-bn®-Xv Ihn Hm¿-an-°p-∂p. H-∏w Ip©≥ \-ºym-cp-sS Xp-≈¬ Ir-Xn-Ifpw ]-cn-N-bn®p. K) km-ay-a-I-t∂m-cpZym-\w:- D-Æm-bn hmcy-cp-sS \-f-N-cn-X-Øn-se H-cp ]-Zw. B-´-°-Ym- {]-ÿm-\-hp-am-bn I-hn-°p≠m-b ]-cnN-bw kq-Nn-∏n-°p∂p. D-Æm-bnhm-cy-cp-sS P-∑ÿ-eam-b Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S-bn-em-Wv I-hn-bp-sSbpw P-\\w. L. kzm-Xn-bp-sS kwKo-X k-tcm-cplw-˛ X-s∂ kzm-[o-\n-® kzm-Xn-Xn-cp-\mƒ Io¿-Ø-\߃ Hm¿-°p∂p. kwKo-X k-tcm-cp-lw˛kw-Ko-X-amhp-∂ Xma-c. a-lm-hn-jv-Wp-hn-s‚ \m-`n-bn¬\n-∂p ap-f-®p-h-∂ Xma-c-tbm-Sv kzm-Xn-Xn-cp\m-fn-s‚ Io¿-Ø-\ß-sf km-Zr-iys∏-Sp-Øp∂p. kzm-Xn-bp-sS an-° IrXn-I-fnepw {io ]-fl-\m-`-s\-bm-Wv kvXp-Xn-®p Im-Wp-∂-Xv. M. tkm-fa-s‚ Xm-gv-h-c-bn-se...... D-bn¿-sØ-gp-t∂-‰h - ƒ a-eb - m-fw. ss_-_n-fn-se Im-hym-fl-Iam-b K-Zyw Ihn-sb kzm-[o-\n®-Xv C-hn-sS hy-‡a - m°p∂p. A-∂p hm-bn® ss_-_n-fn-se I-Ym-]m-{X߃ Hm-tcm-cp-Ø-cm-bn Ihn-bp-sS ap-∂n-te-°m-\b - n-°s - ∏-Sp-∂p. 16. "]mSp-I ho-≠pw. kp-h¿-W-i-e-`-߃ ]m-dn-∏-d-°p-∂p Np-‰pw.' I-hn-sb ho≠pw ]m-Sm≥ t{]-cn-∏n-°p-∂Xm-sc√mw? 17. \n-߃-X≥ I-Æo¿ I-e-cm-Xn-cn-°s´˛ bn-s∂-¶n-ep-sa-s‚ ]m-´n¬ I-hn-bp-sS {]m¿-Y-\-bp-sS s]m-cp-sf-¥v? 18. D-Ωp-°p-ep-kp a-cn-®-∂p-cm-{Xn-sXm˛ ´n-t∂m-f-am-ag tXm¿-∂-Xn√. C-hnsS "B a-g' F-∂ {]-tbm-Kw \¬-Ip∂ A-¿-Y-km-[y-X-Iƒ N-¿-® sN-øp-I. 19. ""tXm-cm-a-g'bn-se C-Øn-cn-∏n™n-b Ip-™p-Sp∏pw hn-s√m-Sn-™p Nn-Wp-ßp∂ Ip-Sbpw ho-Sns‚ Zm-cn-{ZysØ Hm¿-an∏n-°p∂p.'' Cu {]-kv-Xmh-\-tbm-Sp-≈ A-`n-{]m-bw e-Lp Ip-dn-∏m-bn A-h-X-cn-∏n-°pI. 20. H-scm-‰-sØ-ßp I-≠n-S-Øn-sem-s°-bpw kv-a-cn-®p R-ß-fn-∏n-d-∂ \m-Sns\ sh-fp-Ø h-kv-{X-sam-∂p-Sp-Øp I-≠nS˛ Øen-thm-tSm¿-Ø-Xo--a-e-\m-Sns\ a-ebm-f \m-Sn-s‚ G-sX√mw k-hn-ti-jX-Iƒ Cu `mK-Øp Im-Wm≥ I-gn-bpw. 21. C-hn-sS kv-t\-ln-∏m-\n-hn-sS-bm-in∏m˛ \n-hn-sS ZpxJn-∏m≥ I-gn-h-tX -kp-Jw. P-∑-\m-Sn-s\-°p-dn-®v Bkmw ]-Wn-°m¿-°p≠m-b Xn-cn-®-dn-hv I-hn A-h-X-cn-∏n°p-∂-sX-ß-s\? {]-h¿Ø-\w A©v K-Zy-`m-K-ß-fp-sS hym-Jym-\-°p-dn-∏v X-øm-dm°p-I tNmZyw h-cm≥ km-[y-X-bp-≈ K-Zy-`mK-߃ hym-Jym-\n-®p ]Tn-°m-\p-≈ {]h¿-Ø-\-am-WnXv. K-Zy-`m-K-߃ hym-Jym\n-®p ]Tn-°p-tºmƒ K-Zy-]mT-ß-fp-sS B-i-bhpw A-Xn-eq-sS D-∂-bn-°-s∏-Sp-∂ B-i-b-Øn-s‚ Ku-c-hhpw a-\- n-em-°m≥ h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw {]-tbm-P-\-s∏-Sp-∂p. D]-\ymkw, F-Un-t‰m-dn-b¬, ]-{Xm-[n-]¿°p-≈ IØv, {]-`mj-Ww Xp-Sßnb tNm-

3

Zy-߃-°v DØ-cw F-gp-Xm\pw Cu hymJym-\-°p-dn-∏p-Iƒ k-lm-b-I-amWv. ]mT`m-Kw, IrXn, F-gp-Øp-Im-c≥, k-μ¿-`w, {]-[m-\mi-bw, A¿-Yhpw B-i-bhpw, khn-ti-j-X-Iƒ F∂n-h {I-a-Øn¬ hcpw hn-[w hym-Jym-\-°p-dn-∏v X-øm-dm-°Ww. K-Zy-`m-K-߃ Nph-sS \¬-Ip-∂p: 1. i-coc-sØ Io-gv-s∏-Sp-Øm-t\ sh-Snbp-≠-Iƒ-°m-hq. B-flo-bam-b Io-gvs∏-Sp-Ø-en-s‚ am-[y-aw `m-j-bm-Wv. (im-co-cn-Iam-b A-Sna-Øw B-bp-[߃ sIm-≠p t\-Sn-sb-Sp-°mw. Bflo-b-am-bn H-cp P-\X-sb A-Sn-a-bm°m-≥ Ah-s‚ am-Xr-`mj-sb X-I¿Øv kmw-kv-Im-cn-I-ambpw hn-Zym-`ym-k]-c-ambpw Ah-s\ \-in-∏n-®m¬ a-Xn.) 2. {]-Ir-Xn°pw ar-K-߃-°p-sa-Xn-tcbp-≈ C-c-´-t∏m-cm-´w a-\p-jy-tem-IØn-s‚ b-Ym¿-Y Po-hn-X-t∏m-cm-´-ßsf-bm-Wv {]-Xn-^-en-∏n-®-Xv. 3. hm-°p-Iƒ sh-dp-sX tIm¿-Øn-´ N-cS√ `m-j. hm-°p-Iƒ sIm-≠p-≈ I-fnI-fn-eqsS, I-S-¶-Y-I-fn-eq-sS, ]-gs©m√p-I-fn-eqsS, A-£-c-ß-fp-sS adn-®p sNm√ep-I-fn-eq-sS, `m-j-bp-sS h-io-I-c-Wi-‡n R-߃-°p {K-ln°m≥ I-gn-™p. (a-\p-jy-a-\- n-s\ Io-g-S-°m≥ `m-jbv°pw `m-j-W-Øn-\p-ap-≈ i-‡n te-J-I≥ sh-fn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.) 4. _nw-_-ß-fn-eq-sSbpw {]-Xo-I-ß-fneq-sS-bpw `m-j R-߃-°v tem-I-Øns‚ Imgv-N k-Ωm-\n®p. A-h-bv-°v Ah-bp-tSXm-b ku-μ-cy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Aß-s\ hoSpw h-bepw R-߃-°v {]m-Yan-I hn-Zym-e-b-ß-fm-bn. 5. F-s‚ hn-Zym-`ym-k-Øn-s‚ `m-j Fs‚ kw-kv-Im-c-Øn-s‚ `m-j-bm-bn-cp∂n√. (am-Xr-`m-j-bn-eq-sS-bp-≈ hnZym-`ym-k-a√ \-S∂-Xv F-∂p kq-Nn-∏n°p-∂p.) 6. kv-Iqƒ ]-cn-kc-Øv F-hn-sS-sb-¶n-epw h-®v Kn-Ip-bp `m-j-bn¬ kw-km-cn-®p F-∂ Ip-‰-Øn-\v ]n-Sn-°-s∏-Sp∂-Xv G‰hpw X-cw-Xm-WXpw e-÷m-h-l-hpamb A-\p-`-h-ß-fn-sem-∂m-bn am-dn. 7. {Ita-W kz-¥w `m-jbpw km-ln-Xy hpw R-߃-°v A-\y-am-bn-Øo¿-∂p. 8. Xo-{ham-b {h-Xw aq-ew ip-jv-I-i-co-cs\-¶nepw sh-Æo-dn¬ I-\-se-∂-t]mse H-fn-™p-In-S-°p-∂ Ip-Spw-_-kv-t\lw B A-h-k-c-Øn¬ A-t±-l-Øn¬ k-ap-÷z-en-°m-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. "sh-Æo-cn¬ I-\-se-∂-t]mse' F-∂ km-Zr-iy I¬-∏-\-bp-sS Hu-NnXyw ]cn-tim-[n-°pI. 9. C-{μn-b-ß-sf-sb√mw _-em-e-a¿-Øns°m-≠-v C-W-°n-io-en® B {_-“Ncy Po-hn-Xw im-¥-am-sbm-c-·n-]¿-h-XØn-s‚ {]-XoXn-tbm-sS \o-≠pt]mhp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. 10. D-cp´n-b Dcp-f ssI-bn¬ ]n-Sn-®p-sIm≠v H-cp in-em-{]-Xn-a-t]m-se Rm≥ \nt›-„\mbn- C-cp∂p-t]m-bn. 11. B Km-\-am-[p-cn hmSn-b Xp-f-kn-∏q-hns\ ]-®-sh-≈w X-fn-®p-W¿-Øp-∂Xpt]m-se Rß-sf ]p-\¿-÷o-hn-∏n®p. km-Zr-iy-I¬-∏-\-bpsS Hu-NnXyw hy‡-am-°pI. 12. Rm≥ B-Àm-Zw sIm-≠v a-Xn-a-d∂p. k-a-Xz-kp-μ-cam-b H-cp \-h-tem-IsØ-Øn-t®¿-∂ kw-Xr-]v-Xn tXm-∂n R-߃°v. Im-c-Wam-b kw`-hw hni-Ie-\w sN-bv-Xp Ip-dn-s∏-gp-XpI. 13. Cu {]]-©w ap-gph≥ Cu-iz-c-a-b-amWv. Po-h-Pm-e-Øn¬ C-∂-Xp-Xv-Ir„w, C-∂-X-]-Ir-„w F-∂p ]-cn-tO-Zn°m-\m¿°pw A-h-Im-i-an√. tijw t]-Pv Bdn¬


CMYK

CMYK

4 10 am¿®v 2014 Xn¶ƒ

1. The component file in a VB project file that is usually used to store the procedures that are used by more than one form in a project is called a .......................... 1

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2. Attributes of the objects like Text Box, Label etc. in VB are named as.......................... 1 3. Which control structure in VB checks for multiple values of an expression? 1 4. Dim Mark (5) As Integer. Considering the above statement, what is the maximum number of values that ‘Mark’ array can hold? 1 5. Which of the following method creates a blank record in a database? 1 a. Find First b. Update c. Add Blank d. Add New 6. Java programs that execute from a web page is called.............. 1 a. Script b. Applet c. Servlet d. ASP 7. What will be the cardinality of resultant relation of Cartesian Product on two relations with cardinalities 3 and 4 each. 1 a) 4 b) 3 c) 7 d) 12 8. Complete the table 2 VB IDE Component

....................... Properties Window

Purpose Contains VB Controls

.......................

Code Window

.......................

Displays files in the project

9. Distinguish between Option Button and Check Box. 2 10.Some names are given to storage locations used in a program and are for identifying those locations. There are some rules for naming those locations. What are they? 2 11. Rewrite the below given loop using For… Next statement. 2 X=100 While X > 0 Print X X = X – 10 Wend 12.Name the standard data structure used for storing homogeneous data items under a single name. How it is declared? What are its advantages? 2 13.Classify the following built in functions and fill the table given below. 2 Str() InStr() Format() Now() Time() Sqr() Mid() Abs() Math Functions

String Functions

Date Functions

Conversion Functions

Type property. 2 15.What is a data bound control? How will you make a Text Box a bound control? 2 16.What is the use of <INPUT> tag? Name its important attribute that decides the form control. What are its values? 2 17.How DHTML page becomes dynamic? 2 18.Why Java is important? 2 19.“In order to be successful a system analyst must possess some attributes.” What are those attributes? 2 20.Define Primary Key and Super Key. 2 21.With a suitable example illustrate UNION(U) operation. 2 22.Given below are some properties and methods of a VB control. List Count Selected Clear AddItem a. Identify the control 1 b. Comment on any two item listed above. 2 23.With suitable example explain the use of <OL> and <UL> tags in HTML. 3 24.Can you divide browser window into number of sections? How? What are the tags used for this? How will you manage user views in a browser that do not support this concept of division? 3 25.Briefly describe tools for system analysis. 3 OR 26.What are the advantages of DBMS? 3 27.Name the process by which a station in a network gains the use of common channel to transfer message? Name widely accepted two methods for this. Describe shortly. 3 28.Write a VB program to find sum and average of ‘N’ input numbers. Accept input through Input Box and display result through MsgBox. 5 OR 29.Explain levels of database abstraction and Data Independence. 5 30.Write SQL commands for the following. 5 a. Define a table named EMP with attributes EMPCODE, NAME, DATEOFJOIN, AGE, GENDER and SALARY. b. Add any valid tuple into EMP table. c. Display all details of employees in the sort ed order of their names. d. Increment salaries of all male employees by 10% e. Remove details (rows) of all female employees whose age more than 55.

Answers 1. Module 2. 3. Select Case 4. 5. Add New 6. 7. 12 8. VB IDE Component Purpose Tool Box Properties Window Code Window

14.Compare Dynaset and Snapshot of Record Set

Properties 6 (Six) items Applet

Contains VB Controls Displays property of selected control. Properties of controls can be set through this Window to write VB code or program

Project Explorer Window Displays files in the project

Maximum Score: 60

9. Option Button: It displays a selectable option. Usually there will be more than one option of which only one can be selected. It is also known as Radio Button. Check Box: It is similar to option button but it permits selection of multiple check boxes at the same time. 10.Variables are the named memory locations. Rules for naming a variable are a. It should be unique and should not be a key word b. Alphabets(A-Z), digits(0-9) and (_) under score are only allowed characters c. It should start with alphabet and a name can have a maximum of 255 characters. d. No special symbols including space are allowed. 11. It is a loop to print numbers 100, 90, 80…. 10. It can be rewritten as follows. For X = 100 To 10 Step -10 Print X Next X 12.Standard data structure used for storing homogeneous values under a single name is called Array. It is declared by giving array size with in parentheses using Dim statement. The following is an example. Dim Names(10) As String This array named ‘Names’ can store 11 strings. They are accessed using indices or subscripts. Examples are Print Names(5) MsgBox Names(2) 13. Math Functions

String Functions

Sqr() Abs()

InStr() Mid()

HTML. Embedding of scripts in DHTML page makes DHTML page dynamic. Small program code snippets in DHTML pages are named as scripts. These code segments make a page dynamic and interactive. 18.Java is a powerful true object oriented language. It is more or less similar to C++ with lesser limitations and higher functionality. Java programs can be run in browsers, on desktops or on servers or on consumer devices. It is platform independent general purpose language. So it is very important and advantageous. 19.A system analyst must have the following qualities. a. Communication Skill : He/She should be able to communicate clearly, concisely both in writing and in speech. b. Problem Solving Skill: He/She should have wide experience in problem solving c. Business Knowledge: He/She should have the capacity to understand business environment. d. Technical Knowledge: He/She should be well trained in relevant areas of computer science. 20.Primary Key: Set of one or more attributes in a table that can uniquely identify tuples with in the relation is called primary key. Super Key: A combination of a primary key with any other attribute or group of attributes is called a super key. 21.Consider the relation R1 and R2 R1 Roll Name Mark 345

2

Amal

400

5

Anjali

550

15% 85%

R2

Str() Format()

14.Dynaset and Snapshot are values of RecordSet Type property of Record Set. Dynaset type record set can be created using SQLstatements. Updation and modification in the record set will affect the data stored in the database. This is most flexible type of record set. Snapshot type record set also can be created using SQL statements. This type can view records from different tables, but it is read only. 15.Data bound controls are VB controls linked with Data Control. They are used to display table values in connection with record set navigation. A text box can be made a bound control by properly setting its Data Source and Data Field properties. Data Source property is set to name of Data Control and Data Field property is set to field of a table. 16.<INPUT> tag is used to create form controls such as text box, password box, check box, radio button, submit button etc. Its important attribute is “TYPE”. Values that can be given against this attribute are TEXT, PASSWORD, RADIO, RESET, SUBMIT etc. Example is <INPUT TYPE=”TEXT”> creates a text box. 17.DHTML stands for Dynamic Hyper Text Markup Language. It does not have new tags apart from

Raju

24.Frameset is the concept used to divide browser window into different sections in a way that different files can be loaded to different sections. <FRAMESET> and <FRAME> tag is used for this purpose. <FRAMESET> tag divides the browser window and <FRAME> tag loads different files to different sections. The following code can be used to divide browser window as follows.

20%

Date Conversion Functions Functions Now() Time

1

Selected: This property determines whether an item is selected in the list box or not. If selected it returns TRUE otherwise FALSE. Clear: This is a method to remove all items from the list box. AddItem: This is method to add new item to list box. 23.<OL> tag is used to create Ordered List in HTML pages. It is a container tag. <LI> is an empty tag used along with <OL> tag to give list items. Its attributes are TYPE and START. Example <OL TYPE=”1”> <LI>Apple <LI>Orange <LI>Mango </OL> <UL> tag is used to create Unordered List in HTML. It is a container tag. <LI> tag is used along with <UL> tag to specify list items. TYPE is an attribute of <UL> tag. Its values are square, circle and disc. Example <UL TYPE = “SQUARE”> <LI>Malayalam <LI>Arabic <LI>Hindi </UL>

Roll

Name

Mark

2

Amal

400

3

Jayan

444

4

Ameer

480

5

Anjali

550

For performing Union operation on two relations the relations should be union compatible. Here the degrees of R1 and R2 are same and contain attributes that fall in same domain. R1 U R2 gives a third relation with same degree and with tuples in R1 and R2 removing the duplicated tuples. Here R1 U R2 is Roll

Name

Mark

1

Raju

345

2

Amal

400

3

Jayan

444

4

Ameer

480

5

Anjali

550

22. a. The VB control is List Box. List Count and Selected are its properties and Clear and AddItem are its methods. b. List Count: This property gives the number of items in the list box.

<FRAMESET COLS=”20%,*”> <FRAME SRC=”left.html”> <FRAMESET ROWS=”15%,*”> <FRAME SRC=”top.html”> <FRAME SRC=”main.html”> </FRAMESET> </FRAMESET> In the case of browsers that do not support concept of frames we can use the <NOFRAMES> tag to specify the alternate content to be displayed in the browser. 25.The tools used for system analysis are a. Data Flow Diagram: It models the flow and transformation of data through system. b. Data Dictionary: It contains names of all the data items used in the system along with exact and complete definition. c. Structured English (Pseudo Code): It is used for communicating processing rules. d. Decision Table: A decision table is a chart listing of all the conditions and actions. e. Decision Tree: It is a graphical representation of conditions and actions that looks like branches of a tree. 26.Advantages of DBMS are a. It reduces data redundancy b. It avoids data inconsistency c. Data can be shared d. It enforces standards

5

e. Security restrictions can be applied f. Integrity can be maintained. 27.The process is named as Access Methods. Widely accepted access methods are a. CSMA/CD : It is Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detection. Stations wanting to send messages listen to the channel. If the channel is free the message is placed over the channel for transmission. If not free, station waits for some time and proceeds. If two stations sends message simultaneously a collision occurs. It will be detected and message is resent. b. Token Passing: This method is employed in Ring networks. Token is special bit pattern that circulates in the network. A station in possession of this token has the right to send message over network. A station sends message along with token to a destination. The message circulates over the network and one of the stations receives the message. The token is freed by the sender when its requirement is over. 28. Option Explicit Dim N As Integer Dim Count As Integer Dim Num As Single Dim Sum As Single Dim Avg AS Single N=Input Box(“How many numbers? “) For Count = 1 To N Num=Input Box(“Enter Number Here…”) Sum=Sum+Num Next Count Avg=Sum/N MsgBox “Sum is “ & Sum & “ Average is “ & Avg End 29.Database abstraction is aimed at hiding unnecessary things from its different types of users. There are three levels of database abstraction. They are Physical Level Logical Level and View Level Physical level is the lowest level of abstraction. It describes how the data is actually stored in the storage medium. Logical level, also known as conceptual level is the next higher level of database abstraction. Logical level describes what data are stored in the database and what relationship exists among those data. Here the entire database is described in terms of simple structures. View level is the highest level of database abstraction. It is closest to users. It is concerned with the way in which the individual users view the data. It describes only a part of entire database. View 1

View 2

View Level

View N

Logical Level

Physical Level

The three level of database abstraction is depicted Cont to: Page 6 in the figure.

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+2

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S.S.H.S.S. Moorkkanad

Model Question Paper Computer Application – Commerce

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M.A. Savad

10 am¿®v 2014 Xn¶ƒ


6 10 am¿®v 2014 Xn¶ƒ t]-Pv aq∂v Xp-S¿®

F√mw Cu-izc-s‚ Aw-im-h-Xm-c-ßfm-Wv. hn.Sn-tbmSpw kp-lr-Øp-°-tfmSpw hn.-Sn-bp-sS A-—≥ ]-d-™ hm-°pI-fm-WnXv ˛A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ D-¬∏Xnjv-Wp-Xzw hy-‡-am-°n H-cp Ip-dn-∏v Xøm-dm-°pI. 14. C-hn-sS B \n-dw In-´n-bn-s√-¶n¬ \-ap°p Xr-iqcpw Iq-Sn H-∂-t\z-jn-°mw. A-hn-sS In-´n-bn-s√-¶n¬ tIm-b-ºØq-cn¬, A-s√-¶n¬ sN-ss∂-bn¬ Xs∂ t]m-th-≠n-h-cpw. C-„-s∏-´ \n-dap-≈ km-cn-°m-bn I-S-Iƒ I-b-dn-bn-dßp-∂ c-a-Wn-bp-sS {]-hr-Øn \m-Wwad-bv-°m-\m-bn am{Xw Xp-Wn-bp-Sp-°p∂ ]m-h-s∏-´ B-fp-I-fp-sS A-h-ÿbp-am-bn Xm-c-Xayw sN-bv-Xp Ip-dn-∏v Xøm-dm-°pI. ""A-t∏m \o I-gn-™ c-≠p Znh-kw F-hn-Sym-Wv H-d-ßo-Xv'' ""H-cp I-tS-sS ap-ºn-ev' ""H-‰-bv-°p t]-Sn-bm-hn-t√'' ""A-hƒ H∂pw ]-d-™n√. Ft¥m Hm¿Øv Ahfp-sS I-Æp-I-fn-¬ `o-Xn \n-dbp∂-Xv A-bmƒ I-≠p. A-Xp tNm-Znt°-≠n-bn-cp-∂n-s√-∂v A-bmƒ-°p tXm∂n.'' kw-`m-j-W -`mK-sØ k-a-Imen-I kw`-h-ß-fp-am-bn _-‘n-∏n-®v e-Lp-Ip-dn∏p X-øm-dm-°p-I. 16. ho-´n¬ F-Øn-b-t∏mƒ ]q®-sb h-f¿Øp-∂-Xn-t\m-Sv B¿°pw tbm-Pn-∏p≠m-bn-cp-∂n√. X-s‚ {]-Xn-tj-[w hI-h-bv-°m-sX A-h¿ A-Xn-s\ F-hnsStbm sIm-≠pt]m-bn hn´p. ]n-s∂ A-h≥ A-Xn-s\ Im-Wp∂-Xv GtXm hm-l-\-Øn-\-Sn-bn¬-s∏-´v N-X-™ a´n-emWv. "F-s¥m-s°tbm \-„-s∏-´ H-cmƒ' F∂ I-Y-bn-¬ ]q-®-°p-´n-bp-sS I-Y kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-s‚ bp-‡n ]cn-tim-[n°pI. 17. H-cp a-\p-jy-s\-°-≠ k-t¥m-j-Øn¬ Rm≥ A-bm-sf H-∂p sXm-SpI t]mep-ap-≠m-bn. A-t∏mƒ F-s‚ D-≈n-eqsS B-fl-\n¿-hr-Xn-bp-sS H-cp Ip-fn¿ tc-J IS-∂pt]m-Ip∂-Xp Rm≥ hy‡-ambpw A-\p-`-hn®p. 18. "B-SpI-sf X-Sp-Øp-Iq-´m≥ a-cp-`q-an-bnte-°p Xn-cn-®p\-S-°p-tºm-ƒ F-s‚ s\-©n¬ B-™v c-≠n-Sn C-Sn-®m-Wv Rm≥ B tZjyw Ip-td-sb-¶nepw I-e°n-°-f-™Xv. 19. B IØ√, B I-c-®n-em-bn-cp-∂p Fs‚ kXyw Bcpw hm-bn-°m-Ø kXyw. 20. F-s‚ s\-©v X-I¿-∂pt]m-b hn-[w..... Rm-\-t∏mƒ A-bm-sf i-]n-® hn-[w..... CØ-cw A-]q¿-W hm-Iy-߃ I-Ym kμ¿-`-Øn-\p \¬-Ip-∂ `m-hKmw-`ocyw N¿-® sN-bvX - p Ip-dn-∏p X-øm-dm-°p-I. {]-h¿Ø-\w Bdv k-am-\ Xm-f-ap≈ h-cn-Iƒ I-s≠ØpI. ]p-kv-X-I-Øn-se G-sX-¶nepw I-hn-Xbn¬ \n-∂v c-≠p h-cn X-cpw. B h-cn-tbmSv Cu-W-Ønepw Xm-f-Ønepw A-£-ckwJy-bnepw H-cpt]m-se h-cp-∂ h-cnIƒ (aq∂p sk‰v) sXm-´p Xm-sg \¬-In-bn-cn-°pw. A-Xn¬\n-∂v ap-I-fn¬ kq-Nn-∏n-® h-cn-°p Xp-eyam-b h-cn-Iƒ I-s≠-Øp-I-bmWp th-≠Xv. h-cnIƒ Cu-W-Øn¬ ]m-Snt\m°n AtX Cu-W-Øn¬ ]m-Sm-hp-∂ h-cnIƒ I-s≠-Ømw. A£-cw F-Æn-t\m-°n Xp-ey-am-bn h-cp-∂ h-cn-Ifpw D-Ø-c-am-bn h-cmw. aq-∂v sk-‰v h-cn-I-fn¬ H-sc-Æw am-

10 am¿®v 2014 Xn¶ƒ

{X-am-Wv DØ-cw. Nn-e-t∏mƒ I-hn-X-bn¬ \n-∂p X-cp-∂ h-cn-bp-sS hy-Xykv-X Xm-fap-≈ h-cn I-s≠-Øm-\mhpw tNm-Zn-°p-I. A-t∏mƒ B-sI-bp-≈ \m-ep sk-‰n¬ H∂p hy-Xy-kv-Xhpw aq-s∂-Æw k-am-\-hpam-Ipw. hy-Xy-kv-X-amb-Xp I-s≠-Øp-I.

h-cp-sS ]p-\-c-[n-hm-kw Xp-Sßn-b \n-ch[n s]m-Xphm-b hn-j-b-ß-ƒ tNm-Zy-am-bn h-cmw. ]mT-]p-kv-X-I-Øn-\p ]pd-Øp\n∂p-≈ A-dn-hp-Iƒ Iq-Sn k-am-l-cn-®m¬ \√ kv-tIm¿ t\-Sm-\m-hpw. {]-h¿Ø-\w ]Øv

\mw I≠p. ]m-h-s∏-´ H-cp sXm-gn-em-fn IpSpw-_w Ah-sf kw-c-£n-°m≥ Iq-´n-s°m≠pt]m-hp-∂Xpw I≠p. h-≈-tØmƒ Ihn-X-bn¬ ]-d-™Xpw I-Y-bn-se k-μ¿-`ßfpw Xm-c-Xayw sN-bv-Xp Ip-dn-s∏-gp-Xp-I.

F-Un-‰nMv F-Un-‰v sN-øm-\p-≈ {]-h¿Ø-\w. tNmZy-am-bn-Ø-cp-∂ hm-Iy-Øn¬ ]-e ]n-gIfpw D-≠m-hpw. B ]n-g-Iƒ am-‰n hmIyw ip-≤o-I-cn®v i-cnbm-b Nn-”-߃ b-Ymÿm-\-ß-fn¬ tN¿-Øv sX-‰p-Iƒ C√msX-bm-°n F-gp-Xp-I-bm-Wv th≠-Xv. H-tc A¿-Y-ap-≈ hm-°pIƒ B-h¿-Øn-®p-hcmw. hn-tij-Ww hn-ti-jy-Øn¬ \n-∂p am-‰n {]-tbm-Kn-°mw. {]-Xy-b-ß-fpw (hn-`‡n-bp-sSbpw a-‰pw) k-ap-®-b-hpw (Dw) sX‰n-®p {]-tbm-Kn-°mw. CØ-cw sX-‰p-Iƒ ]cn-l-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv F-Un-‰nMv. amXrI: th-sd -K-Xy-¥-c-an√m-sX h∂-XpsIm≠m-Wv cm-Pp kz-bw B-fll-Xy sNbv-X-Xv. K-Xy-¥-c-an√m-sX h∂-XpsIm-≠m-Wv cmPp B-fll-Xy sN-bv-XXv. {]-h¿Ø-\w F´v I-Ym-]m-{X \n-cq]-Ww X-øm-dm-°p-I I-Ym-]m-{X \n-cq]-Ww X-øm-dm-°p-∂Xn-\v I-Ym-]m-{X-sØ a-\- n-em-°p-Ibpw A-bm-fp-sS k-hn-ti-j-X-Iƒ Xn-cn-®-dn-bpIbpw th-Ww. I-Y-bn¬\n-∂v, I-Ym-]m-{X kz-`m-hw Xn-cn-®-dn-bm-\p-X-Ip-∂ kq-N-\Iƒ \-ap-°p tNm-Zy-Øn¬ X-∂n-cn-°pw. AXn-s‚- A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn-em-Wv ]m-{X kz-`mhw hn-e-bn-cp-tØ-≠Xv. I-Ym-Ir-Øv, IY, I-Ym-]m-{Xw, k-hn-ti-j-XIƒ, A-bmƒ°v I-Y-bn-ep-≈ ÿm\w, C-∂-sØ k-aql-Øn¬ Cu I-Ym-]m-{X-Øn-s‚ {]k‡n F-∂n-h hcpwhn-[w \n-cq-]-Ww X-ømdm-°-Ww. H-Sp-hn¬ \n-ß-fp-sS A-`n-{]m-bw F-gp-Xn kz-`m-h \n-cq]-Ww A-h-km-\n-∏n°mw. "B-SpPo-hn-X-Ønse \-Po_v, Fs¥ms°tbm \-„-s∏-´ H-cm-fn-se I-Ym\m-b-I≥, c-aWn, dm-Wn Xp-Sßn-b I-Ym]m-{X-ßfpw kz-`m-h \n-cq]-Ww sN-øm≥ tNmZyw h-cmw. Iq-Sm-sX {_-l-ame-bw Xpd-°-s∏-´p F-∂-Xn-se A-—≥, hn.Sn. F-∂nh-sc-°p-dn®pw ]Tn-®ph-bv-°p-I. {]-h¿Ø-\w HºXv D-]-\ym-kw X-øm-dm-°p-I k-am-Imen-I {]m-[m\yw D-≈ hn-j-bß-fm-Wv D-]-\ymk tNm-Zy-am-bn h-cmdp≈-Xv. hn-j-b-Øn-s‚ B-i-b-Øn-\v A\p-tbm-Pyam-b H-cp io¿j-Iw \¬-IWw. Xp-S¿∂v hn-j-b-Øn-s‚ {]m-[m-\yw hn-hcn-°p-∂ H-cp BapJw F-gp-Xp-I. ]n-∂o-Sv hnj-bw hn-i-Ie-\w sN-bv-Xp hn-i-Z-am-bn F-gp-XWw. Kp-W-tZm-j-ßfpw hn-j-bØn-s‚ F√m-h-i-ßfpw hn-j-b-hn-hcWw F-∂ Cu `m-K-Øp-≠m-hWw. Xp-S¿∂v \n-ß-fp-sS A-`n-{]m-bw hn-i-Zo-I-cn-®v D]-\ym-kw A-hkm-\n-∏n-°mw. am-Xr-`m-j t\-cn-Sp-∂ sh√p-hn-fn-Iƒ, {]-iv-\߃, t{ijvT `m-jm-]-Z-hn-bp-am-bn _-‘-s∏´ tNm-Zy-߃ ˛ C-h D-]-\ym-k-am-bn h-cmw. k-aq-l-Øn¬ I-≠ph-cp-∂ a-\p-jy-Ø-cln-X-hpw kv-t\-l-c-ln-X-hpam-b {]-h¿Ø-\߃, A-Xp-≠m-°m-hp-∂ {]-XymLm-X߃, {]-hm-kn-I-fp-sS Xn-cn-®p-hchv k-aql-sØ Fß-s\ _m-[n-°pw, \nXm-Jm-Øp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´- Im-cy߃, {]hm-kPo-hn-Xw \-bn-®p Xn-cn-s®-Øp-∂-

F-kv.F-kv.F¬.kn. ^n-kn-Ivkv

{]-h¿Ø-\w ]-Xn-aq∂v

Sn. ^-kep-dlvam≥

{]-h¿Ø-\w Ggv {]-`mj-Ww X-øm-dm°p-I D-]-\ym-k-Øn-\m-bn kq-Nn-∏n-® hn-j-bß-fn-¬ an-°Xpw {]-`m-j-W-Øn\pw hn-jb-am-hmw. D-Nn-X-am-b kw-t_m[-\-tbm-sS F-gp-Xn-Øp-Sß-Ww. hn-j-b-Øn-s‚ F√m- h-i-ßfpw Dƒ-s°m-≠p th-Ww hnjbw hn-i-Zo-I-cn-°m≥. B-ap-J-am-bn hn-jbhpw A-Xn-s‚ {]m-[m-\y-hpw F-Sp-Øp-]db-Ww. hn-j-b hn-h-c-W-Øn-\p ti-jw \Ωp-sS \n¿-tZ-i-ßfpw A-`n-{]m-b-ßfpw ]d-™v {]-kw-Kw A-h-km-\n-∏n-°mw. \μn{]-I-S-\-tØm-sS th-Ww \n¿-Øp-∂-Xv. am-Xr-`m-jbpambn _‘-s∏´ hnj-bßtfm t{ijvT-`mjm -]Z-hn-tbm kv-t\-l_-‘-߃ \n-e-\n-¬-t°-≠-Xn-s‚ {]m[m\y-tam {]-hm-kn-I-fp-sS {]-iv-\-ßtfm H-s° {]-`m-j-W-Øn-\p hn-j-b-am-hpw. {]-h¿Ø-\w ]-Xn-s\m∂v F-Un-t‰m-dnb¬ (]-{Xm-[n-]-°p-dn∏v) k-aq-l-sØ _m-[n-°p-∂ H-cp ASnb¥c {]-iv-\-tam {i-t≤-bam-b kw-`hß-tfm D-∂-X hy-‡n-I-fp-sS ac-Ww D≠m-°p-∂ \-„-tam A-`n-\-μ-\m¿-lam-b {]-h¿-Ø\-ßtfm H-s° F-Un-t‰m-dn-bem-bn hcmw. ]-{X-Øn-s‚ A-s√-¶n¬ ]{Xm-[n-]-cp-sS A-`n-{]m-b-am-Wv hn-h-cn-t°≠-Xv. A-Xn-\p-X-Ip-∂ `m-j th-Ww {]tbm-Kn-°m≥. D-Nn-Xam-b io¿j-Iw \-¬In X-cp-∂ hnj-bw hn-h-cn-°mw. ]-cnlmc\n¿-tZi-ßtfm kz-¥w A-`n-{]m-btam tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn A-hkm-\n-∏n-°mw.

B-kzm-Z-\-°p-dn-∏ v X-øm-dm-°p-I {][m\ tNm-Zy-ß-fn¬ H-∂m-Wn-Xv. IqSp-X¬ kv-tIm-dpw C-Xn-\p e-`n-°pw. Bkzm-Z-\-°p-dn-∏p X-øm-dm-°m-\m-bn X-cp-∂ I-hn-Xm-`m-Kw \-∂m-bn hm-bn®p-t\m-°pI. I-hn, I-hn-X, tI-{μ -Bi-bw AY-hm C-Xn-hrØw, I-hn-X-bp-sS F√m k-hn-tij-X-I-fpw (`m-jm-]cw, km-ln-Xy-]-cw, khn-ti-j{]-tbm-K-߃, I-ev-]-\Iƒ, {it≤-bam-b h-cnIƒ), I-hn-X-bv-°v C∂sØ Im-e-L-´-Øn-se km-aq-lnI{]-k‡n F∂n-h {I-a-Øn¬ hn-h-cn-°-Ww. HSp-hn¬ kz-¥w A-`n-{]m-bw F-gp-Xn D-]kw-l-cn-°-Ww. {i-t≤-bam-b h-cn-Ifpw D≤-c-Wn-Ifpw kμ¿-t`m-Nn-X-am-bn D-]-tbmKn-°mw. hym-I-c-W `m-K߃ ]-Z-߃ th¿-s]Sp-Øn F-gp-Xm\pw H‰-∏-Z-am-°m\pw tNm-Zy-߃ h-cmw. am-Xr-I: 1. tN-¶n-e-apg-°w ˛tN-¶n-e-bp-sS apg-°w C-Sn-ap-g°w ˛C-Sn-bp-sS ap-g°w 2. H-‰-∏-Z-am-°m-\p-ff tNmZyw h-cmw ˛ Ir-jn-sb kw-_-‘n®-Xv ˛ Im¿-jn-Iw Kr-l-sØ kw-_-‘n®-Xv ˛ Km¿lnIw

7

Pn.F-®v.F-kv.F-kv hm-g-°mSv ¿P-X{¥w Du¿P-ß-fp-sS I-fn-bm-Wv. \n-b-Xßfm-b Nn-e \n-b-a-ß-fp-sS-bpw X-Øz-ß-fpsSbpw A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn-ep-≈ Nn-e Du¿-Pam-‰ß-sf-∏-‰n-bmWv Du¿-P-X-{¥-Øn¬ {]-Xn-]m-Zn-°p-∂-Xv. AXn-\m¬ ]-co-£-bp-sS A-hkm-\ an-\p-°p]-Wn-bp-sS Xn-c°n-\n-S-bn¬ ]mT-`m-K-ß-fp-sS H-cp A-h-temI-\w \-S-Øp∂Xv \√-Xm-Wv. F-\n-°v F-s¥m-s° A-dn-bn√ F-∂-Xn-\p ]Icw F-\n-°v C-{X-sbm-s° Im-cy-߃ A-dnbmw F-∂v A`n-am-\n-°-pI-bm-Wp th-≠Xv. A-Xn-\m¬ C-\n-bp-≈ Zn-h-kß-fn¬ Ir-Xyam-b k-a-b-\n-jvT- ]m-en-®p-sIm-≠v Xn-I-™ B-fl-hn-izm-k-tØm-sS ]-co£-sb A-`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-°m-\p≈ Du¿-P-kz-e-X \n-e-\n-¿-ØWw. ]mT-`m-K-ß-fn-se {][m\ B-i-b-ß-fn-eq-sS Hcp Hm-´-{]-Z-£n-Ww \-S-Ømw.

Du

ssh-Zyp-X {]-hm-l-Øn-s‚ ^-e߃ cm-k^ew:ssh-Zyp-X hn-t«-j-Ww, Ce-t{Œm-sse-‰v, B-t\m-Uv, Im-tYm-Uv, ssh-Zyp-X-te]\w Xm-]^-ew:

lo-‰nMv F-en-sa‚ v, Xm-]-t\m-]-I-c-W߃, Pqƒ\n-b-aw, -H=I Rt, d-kn-Ãn-hn-‰n, ssh-Zyp-X ^n-e-sa‚ v, S-Mv-Ã-Wn-s‚ {]tXy-I-X-Iƒ, ^yq-kv h-b¿, C≥-Im≥-Uk‚ v em-ºp-I-fp-sS t]m-cm-bv-aIƒ. 2

{]-Im-i^-ew: C≥-Im≥-Uk‚ v em-ºp-Iƒ, Un-kv-Nm¿-Pv em-ºp-Iƒ, ^v-fq-d-sk‚ v em-ºp-Iƒ C-h Hm-tcm-∂n-s‚bpw {]-h¿-Ø\w.

ssh-Zyp-X-Im-¥n-I t{]cWw ssh-Zyp-X-Im¥n-I t{]cWw:˛ AC P-\-td-‰¿, DC P-\-td‰¿, N-en°pw Np-cpƒ ssa-t{Im-t^m¨, {Sm≥-kv-t^m¿-a¿, eu-Uvkv-]o-°¿, tam-t´m¿. C-h-bnse Du¿-P-am-‰-߃, sk¬-^v C≥-U-Ivj≥ {Sm≥kv-t^m¿-a¿. ]-h¿ D-¬∏m-Z-\hpw hn-X-c-Whpw P-e-ssh-Zyp-X \n-e-b-߃, Xm-]-ssh-Zyp-X \n-e-b-߃, B-W-h \n-e-b-߃, ]-h¿P-\-td-‰¿, km-[m-c-W P-\-td-‰¿ C-h X-Ωn-ep-≈ hy-Xym-kw, hnZq-c ÿ-e-ß-fn-te°v sshZyp-Xn t{]j-Ww sN-øp-tºmƒ t\-cn-tS-≠ {]-iv-\-߃, ]cn-lmcw hn-X-c-W -{Sm≥kv-t^m¿-a¿, thmƒ´-X kv-‰m¿ I-W-Ivj≥˛\yq-{S¬˛t^-kv, t^-kv˛t^-kv thmƒ´-X Kr-ls - sh-Zyp-Xo-Ic - W - w, {Xo-]n≥ π-Kn-s‚ B-hi - y-IX. i–w kzm-`mhn-I I-º-\m-hr-Øn˛ {]-tWm-Zn-X-I-º-\w, A\p-\mZw. i-–Ø - n-s‚ k-hn-ti-jX - I - ƒ˛ D-®X - , Xo-{h-X, {ip-Xn, Kp-Ww˛ Ch-sb kzm-[o-\n-°p-∂ L-SI - ß - ƒ, {Km-^v tUm-]v-f¿ C-^v-I-Sv, _o-‰pIƒ B-h¿-Ø-\-{]-Xn-]-X-\w, A-\p-c-W-\w, {]-Xn-[z-\n, A-°q-Ãn-Ivkv Hm-^v _n¬-UnMv, i-–-a-en-\o-I-cWw. {]-Im-i {]-Xn-`m-k-߃ {]n-kØ - n-eq-sS-bp-≈ {]-Im-iØ - n-s‚ {]-Io¿-W\ - w, kv-

s]-{Œw A-Xn-se G-gp h¿-W߃ VIBGYOR,˛ X-cw-KssZ¿-Lyw, hy-Xn-bm-\w, A-Xm-cyh-kvX - p-°f - p-sS-bpw kp-Xm-cyh-kvX - p-°f - p-sSbpw \n-dw-, ]q-cI - h - ¿-Wt- Pm-UnIƒ, \yq´-s‚ h¿-W]-ºcw, ho-£W - ÿn-cX hn-k-c-Ww, Im-c-Ww, B-Im-i-Øn-s‚ \o-en-a, D-Z-bmkvXab kq-cy-s‚ \n-dw, I-S-en-s‚ \o-e \ndw. Ce-t{Œm-Wn-Ivkv Ce-t{Œm-Wn-Iv k¿-°o-´n¬ (D-]-I-c-W-ß-fn¬) D-]tbm-Kn-°p-∂ hnhn-[ L-S-I-ßfpw A-h-bp-sS {]-Xo-Iß-fpw D-]-tbm-K-ßfpw A-h-bp-sS bq-\n-‰pw. DZm: I∏m-kn-‰≥-kv ^m-c-Uv, C≥-U-Iv-‰≥-kv, sl‚n, -U-tbmUn-s‚ [¿-aw˛lm-^v th-hv-ssI‚n-^n-t°-j≥, ^pƒ th-hv sd-Œn-^n-t°j≥. {Sm≥-kn-Ãdn-s‚ [¿-aw ˛ Bw-πn-^n-t°j≥ IC Nn-∏p-I-fp-sS [¿aw ({]m-[m-\yw) \-Ωp-sS {]]©w \mƒ, cmin, Rm-‰p-th-e-Iƒ, {Im-¥n-hrØw, kq-cys‚ LS-\, Du¿-P D¬-∏m-Z\w, \-£-{X-ß-fp-sS P-\\hpw a-c-W-hpw. s\-_p-e, a-lm-hnkv-t^m-S-\ kn-≤m¥w Ir-{Xn-a- D-]-{K-l-߃ ˛C-Iz-t‰m-dn-b¬, t]m-fm¿, D]-tbm-K߃. Du¿-P]-cn-]me\w ]m-cº-cy Du¿-P cq-]߃, ]m-c-º-tcyX-c Du¿-Pcq-]ß-ƒ, C-‘-\-߃˛Pz-e\w.

amXr-Im tNm-Zy-t]-∏¿

kabw: H-∂-c a-Wn-°q¿

B-sI kv-tIm¿: 40

{]-h¿Ø-\w ]-{¥-≠v Xm-c-X-ay-°pdn-∏p X-øm-dm°p-I Xm-c-Xayw sN-øm-\p-≈ `m-K-ß-fp-sS Bi-bw Np-cp-°n F-gp-Xp-I. I-Ym-]m-{Xß-fm-sW-¶n¬ A-h-cp-sS k-hn-ti-j-XIƒ kq-Nn-∏n-°-Ww. c-≠n-s‚bpw kmayw I-s≠-Ø-Ww. c-≠n-s‚bpw hy-Xym-kw Is≠-Øp-I. A-h hn-h-cn-® ti-jw Xm-cXayw sN-øp-I. hn-i-Ie-\w sN-bXp Ipdn∏v A-h-km-\n-∏n-°mw. Nn-e k-μ¿-`-߃ kq-Nn-∏n-°mw. 1. tXm-cm-ag ˛ amº-gw 2. F-\n-°-Xn-s‚ `m-j-b-dn-bn√t√m X-∂-Xn√-]-c-\p-≈p Im-´phm˛ s\m-∂p-ta \-c-\p]m-bao-iz-c≥ C-∂p `mj-b-X]q¿-Wan-ßtlm h∂p-t]mw ]n-g-bp-a¿-Yi-¶-bm¬ ˛ \-fn-\n (Ip-am-c-\m-im≥) (X-s‚ A-¥¿K-Xw a-‰p-≈h-sc A-dnbn-°m≥ `m-j-am-{X-ta D-≈q-sh-∂pw A-XpX-s∂ A-]q¿-W-am-sW-∂pw -AXn-\m¬ A¿-Y-i-¶-aq-ew ]n-g h-cm-sa∂pw B-im≥ hn-h-cn-°p-∂p.) 3. ]m¬-sØ-fn-°n-S°-sb§-Wn-bm˛X-\pI-tº ]m-bv-Øp-≠n¬ Np-cp-≠p-≈ In-S-t∏m- \n-\-°n-„w ˛ ip-≤-cn¬ ip-≤≥ (h-≈-tØmƒ) (]m¬ t]m-se sX-fn-™ ]-´p-sa-Øtb-°mƒ, Z-cn-{Z-cp-sS Io-d-∏m-bn¬ Np-cp≠pIn-S-°m-\m-Wv A-\p-I-º-bv-°n-„w F∂p I-hn ]-d-bp∂p. Z-cn-{Z¿-°m-Wv A-\p-Iº Iq-Sp-X-ep≈-Xv F-∂¿Yw) X-t∂m-Sv A`-bw bm-Nn-® dm-Wn-sb Xnc-kv-I-cn-°p-∂ I-Ym-\m-bI-s‚ {]-h¿Ø\w F-s¥ms°tbm \-„v-s∏-´ H-cm-fn¬

Cont from: Page 5 Data Independence: It is the ability to alter the schema in one level without affecting the schema in next higher level. There are two types of data independence. They are Physical data independence and Logical data independence. Physical data independence is the ability to modify physical schema without affecting schema in logical level. Logical data independence is the ability to alter logical schema without affecting view level. 30.Queries are a. CREATE TABLE EMP (EMPCODE INTEGER, NAME VARCHAR(25), DATEOFJOIN DATE, AGE INTEGER, GENDER VARCHAR(1), SALARY INTEGER); b. INSERT INTO EMP VALUES(1000, ‘RAJU’, ‘10/10/2009’, 34, ‘M’, 28000); c. SELECT * FROM EMP ORDER BY NAME; d. UPDATE EMP SET SALARY = SALARY * 1. 1 WHERE GENDER=’M’; e. DELETE FROM EMP WHERE GENDER=’F’AND AGE>55;

1. ]-Z-tPm-Un-bn-se _-‘w I-s≠Øn ]q-cn-∏n-°pI. d-kn-Ãn-hn‰n: , i-_v-Z-Xo{hX: ...... (1) 2. Xm-sg sIm-Sp-Ø-h-bn¬ Iq-´-Øn¬ s]-SmØ-Xv G-sX-∂p I-s≠-Øn A-Xn-\v Imc-Ww F-gp-Xp-I. (1) ({_-“-]p-cw, ]-≈n-hm-k¬, Im-bw-Ip-fw, \√fw) 3. {Sm≥-kv-t^m¿-a-dn-s‚ {]-h¿-Ø-\-ß-fn¬ A-S-ßn-bncn- ° p- ∂ XØzw Xm- s g sIm--S p- Ø - h - b n¬ G- X m- W v . (1) (ayq-N¬ C≥-UIvj≥, sk¬-^v C≥-U-Ivj≥, CS-Xp-ssI-\n-baw, Hmw-\n-baw) 4. ]q¿-W kq-cy-{K-l-W k-ab-Øv tkm-fm-¿ ^n¬-‰-dn-eqsS \-ap-°v Im-Wm≥ I-gn-bp∂-Xv kq-cy-s‚ G-Xv `m-KamWv? (1) 5. ]-®bpw Np-h∏pw tN¿-∂ H-cp k-a-\zn-X {]-Im-iw H-cp {]n-k-Øn¬ N-cn-™p]-Xn-°p-∂ Nn-{X-ß-fm-Wv Nph-sS sIm-Sp-Øn-´p≈-X.v i-cnbm-b Nn-{X-taXv? NpI∏v

]® ]® NpI∏v

NpI∏v

ß-fn¬ B-Lm-X-ß-fn-¬\n∂pw kp-c-£ e-`n-°p-∂-Xn\p-≈ kw-hn-[m-\w GXv? C-Xv kp-c-£ D-d-∏m-°p∂-Xv Fßs\? (2) 10. Nph-sS sIm-Sp-Øn-´p-≈-h-bn¬ G-Xv Nn-{X-Øn-se _ƒ_m-Wv Xp-S¿-®-bm-bn {]-Im-in-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂-Xv? \nß-fp-sS DØ-cw km-[q-I-cn-°p-I. (3) _ƒ-_v

6v

_ƒ-_v

6v

11. 256Hz B-hr-Øn-bp-≈ H-cp Syq-WnMv t^m¿-°v 512Hz kzm`mhn-I Iº-\ B-hr-Øn-bp-≈ H-cp ta-i-∏pd-Øv D-tØPn-∏n-®p h-bv°p-∂p. F-¶n¬ a) ta-i-bp-sS Iº-\w G-Xp t]-cn¬ A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p? b) ]-c-amh-[n D-®-Øn¬ i-–w tIƒ-°p-tºmƒ ta-iNpI ∏v bp-sS B-hr-Øn F{X? (2)

6. sl-≥dn F���-Xv C-e-Ivt{Sm-Wn-Iv D-]-I-c-W-ß-fn¬ D-]tbm-Kn-°p-∂ H-cp L-S-I-Øn-s‚ bq-\n-‰v B-Wv. Cu LS-I-Øn-s‚ [¿-aw F-¥mWv? (1) 7. D-Z-bm-kvX-a-b k-a-b-ß-fn¬ kq-cy≥ Nph-∏p \n-d-Ønem-Wt√m Im-W-s∏-Sm-dp-≈-Xv C-Xn-s‚ Im-c-Ww F¥mWv? (2) 8. hm-bp-hn-eq-sS 340m/s th-K-X-bn¬ k-©-cn-°p-∂ H-cp i–-X-cw-K-Øn-s‚ X-cw-K-ssZ¿-Lyw 1 an√n-ao-‰¿ B-sW¶n¬ A-Xns‚ a) B-hr-Øn F-{X-bm-bn-cn-°pw? (2) b) B i-–w G-Xv t]-cn¬ A-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂p? 9. ssh-Zyp-X C-kv-Xn-cn-s∏-´n, lo-‰¿ Xp-S-ßn-b D-]-I-c-W-

12. H-cp km-[mc-W F.kn P-\-td-‰dpw ]-h¿ P-\-td‰dpw XΩn-ep-≈ hy-Xym-k-߃ F-s¥m-s°-bm-Wv? (2) 13. ^n-e-sa‚ v em-ºp-Iƒ am-‰n ^v-fq-dk‚ v em-ºp-Iƒ D-]tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv \√-Xv F-∂v ]-d-bm-dp-≠t√m? C-Xn\p-≈ Im-c-W-߃ F-s¥m-s°-bm-Wv? (2) 14. A,B,C tIm-f-ßsf A\p-tbm-Pyam-b hn-[w tbm-Pn-∏n°p-I. A

tkmƒ-U¿ \n-t{Imw {Sm≥-kn-ÿ

B

C

CFL A¿-[-Nm-e-I-X Xm-gv-∂ {Z-h-Wm-¶w IC Nn-∏v Xm-gv-∂ d-kn-Ãn-hn-‰n ^yq-kv h-b¿ D-b¿-∂ d-kn-Ãn-hn‰n lo-‰nw-Kv F-en-sa‚ v

(3)

15. H-cmƒ c≠p Ip-∂p-Iƒ-°n-S-bn¬ \n-∂p-sIm-≠v Dd-s° ssI-sIm-´p-∂p. B-ZysØ 4 sk-°‚n-\v ti-jw {]-Xn[z-\n tI´p. ho-≠pw 2 sk-°‚n-\v ti-jw c-≠ma-sØ {]-Xn-[z-\n tI´p. F-¶n¬ a) {]-Xn-[z-\n F∂-XpsIm-≠v D-t±-in-°p∂-Xv F¥v? b) Cu c-≠v Ip-∂p-Iƒ-°n-S-bn-ep-≈ AI-ew F-{Xbm-bn-cn°pw? (3) 16. H-cp \√ C-‘-\-Øn-\v D-≠m-bn-cn-t°-≠ G-sX-¶nepw c≠v k-hn-ti-j-X-Iƒ F-gp-XpI.? (2) 17. H-cp ]-® ^n¬-‰-dn¬ Iq-Sn [-h-f {]-Im-iw I-S∂p-t]m-Ip∂p F-∂n-cn°-s´ C-Xv H-cp Np-h-∂ ]p-jv-]-Øn¬ hoWm¬ G-Xp \n-d-Øn¬ Im-W-s∏-Spw? \n-ß-fp-sS DØcw km-[q-I-cn-°p-I. (2) 18. ]-h¿ P-\-td-‰-dn¬ D¬-∏m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp∂ ssh-ZypX thmƒ-t´-Pv 11 sI.hn B-sW-¶nepw hnZq-c ÿ-e-ß-fnte-°v sIm-≠pt]m-hp∂-Xv C-tX thmƒ-´-X-bn¬ A√. C-Xn-s‚ Im-c-W-sa¥vv? (2) 19. Np-h-sS-bp-≈ X-In-Sp-I-fn¬ G-Xv th-K-Øn¬ I-d-°nbmemWvv sh-≈ \n-dw e-`n-°p-∂Xv? \n-ß-fp-sS DØ-cw km-[q-I-cn-°p-I. (2) kb≥

NpI∏v

\oe

\oe

kb≥

NpI∏v

kb≥

20 A, 20 B F-∂n-h-bn¬ G-sX-¶nepw H-cp tNm-Zy-Øn-\v am{Xw DØ-cw F-gp-Xn-bm¬ a-Xn (4) 20. A. H-cp {Sm≥-kv -t^m¿-a-dn-s‚ ss{]a-dn tIm-bn-en¬ 600 Np-‰p-Ifpw sk-°‚-dn tIm-bn-en¬ 1800 Np-‰p-I-fp-ap-≠v. a) C-Xv G-XpX-cw {Sm≥kv-t^m¿-a¿ BWv? h-Æw Ipdhm-b I-ºn-Iƒ G-Xv tIm-bn-en¬ B-bn-cn°pw? b) C-Xn-s‚ ss{]a-dn tIm-bn-en¬ 230V \¬-In-bm¬ sk-°‚-dn-bn¬ e-`n-°p∂ thmƒ-´-X F-{X-bm-bntijw t]-Pv F-´n¬ cn-°pw?


Thejas Epaper school Edition 2014/03/10