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CMYK

CMYK

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16 Unkw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

16 Unkw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ padasala@thejasonline.com

Sn. \p_pe \lm≥, V- D

MUHEEBA MUJEEB RAHIMAN, UKG-E

Pn._n.-F-®v.-F-kv.-F-kv at©-cn

Malabar English Medium HSS Kottakkal

AYISHA FIDA, III-A

H.Fw. Bbn-j \nZ, IV-A

Hilal Public School Puranga, Ponnani

_n.C.Fw bp.]n kv-Iqƒ, tNm-ºm-e, hSIc

Unkw-_¿ 18 temI A-d-_n`m-jm Zn-\-am-W-t√m. A-Xn-\m¬ ]mT-im-e-bpsS Cu e-°w Ad-_n ]-Xn-∏m-bm-Wv C-d-°p-∂Xv. hnhn-[ ¢m-kp-I-fn-se Ad-_n ]T-\-Øn-\v C-Xv D-]-I-cn°pw

\ndw sIm-Sp°mw F.]n. Dadp¬ ^m-dq-Jv , VIII- I ko-Xn km-ln-_v F-®v.F-kv.Fkv X-fn-∏dºv, IÆq¿

h¿W\

^kv\ Iemw, IV- A \qdp¬lpZm aZvdk t]m-gn-°-c, Be∏pg

Fkv. apl-ΩZv jm^n, III- A Sn.Un.F¬.-]n. kvIqƒ \o¿Ip∂w, Be∏pg

]pecn In-fn-I-fp-sS I-e]n-e i-–w. Aßv In-g-°≥ a-e-ap-I-fn¬\n-∂v kqcy≥ {]-` sNm-cn-s™Øn. F√m-bnS-hpw {]-`m-]q-cn-X-ambn. C-e-I-fn¬ X-ßn-\n-∂ a-™pXp≈nIƒ \-£{X-ß-sf-t∏m-se Xn-fßn. k-ky-eXm-Zn-Iƒ B {]-`-bn¬ ap-ßn D-t∑j-tØm-sS D-W¿∂p. ]q-sam-´p-Iƒ sa-s√ hn-cn-™p {]-`sb t\m-°n \n∂p. {]-Ir-Xn ap-gp-h≥ B kz¿W-{]-`-bn¬ ap-ßn B-\-μ-tØm-sS \n-∂p.

F. F≥. lm^n-k ^mØn-a X-kv\nw Nß-\m-t»cn, tIm´bw

CMYK

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CMYK

F.bp.]n kv-Iqƒ ]-d-∏q¿, tIm-´-°¬, a-e-∏pdw

CMYK

Fw. \ko-lv ^m-Øn-a, V- B


2 16 Unkw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

16 Unkw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

3

Ad-_v temI-sØ {]-Xn`I-ƒ

Ad_n- `mj \-Po-_v a-lv-^q-kv

A-lv a-Zv F-®.v sk-hmen A≥-h¿- km-ZØv

A-d-_n-`m-j-bp-sS h-f¿-®

bp.F≥. Hu-tZym-Kn-I `m-j 1948¬ s_-bv-dq-Øn¬ \-S-∂ bp-\kv-tIm-bp-sS aq-∂ma-Xv P\-d¬ tIm¨-^-d≥-kn-em-Wv aq-∂ma-sØ {I-b-`m-j-bm-bn A-d-_n-sb Aw-Ko-I-cn-®Xv. A-Xph-sc Cw-•o-jn\pw {^-©n\p-am-bn-cp∂p Cu ÿm-\w. 1973 Un-kw-_¿ 18\v bp.F≥. P-\-d¬ A-kw-ªn A-d-_n`mjsb Hu-tZymKn-I`m-j-bm-bn Aw-Ko-I-cn-®-p. AXn-s‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-em-Wv F√m h¿-jhpw Cu Znhkw sF-Iy-cm{„-k-`-bp-sS B-`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ tem-I A-d-_n-`m-jm Zn-\-am-bn

F

√m A-d-_n-I-sfbpw H-∂n-∏n-°p∂ `m-j- am-{X-am-bn-cp-∂p H-cpIme-Øv A-d-_n. lo-{_p, A-dman-Iv `m-j-I-fp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´p- In-S-°p-∂ Hcp sk-an-‰n-Iv `m-j-bm-WnXv. B-t{^m˛Gjy≥ Ip-Spw-_-Øn-¬ s]-Sp-∂ `m-j-I-fm-Wv s]m-Xp-sh sk-an-‰n-Iv F-∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv. ]pcm-X-\ _m_n-tem¨, ^-e-kv-Xo≥, Akodnb, Cu-Pn-]v-Xv F-∂n-h-bp-am-bm-Wv Ch _‘-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. 11mw \q-‰m-t≠m-Sp- Iq-Sn I-e, im-kv-{Xw, kmt¶-Xn-Ihn-Zy XpS-ßn k-Ie hn-⁄m-\ta-Je-I-fn-epw B-[n-]Xyw t\Sn-b `m-jbpw hn⁄m-\ t{km-X- p-am-bn A-d-_n- h-f¿-∂p. Jp¿-B-≥ A-h-Xo¿-Wam-hp-∂-Xn-\p ap-ºv kwkm-c`m-j am-{X-am-bn-cp-∂p A-d-_n. -A-td_y≥ D-]-`q-J-fihpw hS-t° B-{^n-°bpw Ad-_n kw-km-cn-°p-∂p. 29 cm-Py-ß-fn-se kw-km-c-`m-jbpw H∂mw `m-j-bp-am-WnXv. A-d-_n `m-jbv-°v 1600-te-sd h¿-jw ]-g°-ap-s≠-∂m-Wp K-th-j-I-∑m-cp-sS \n-K-a\w. CXns‚ {]m-b-Øn-ep-≈ ]-e `m-j-I-fpw `q-ap-J-Øp \n-∂v A-{]-Xy-£-am-b-t∏m-gpw Ad-_n `m-j A-Xn-s‚ X-\n-a-tbm-sS \n-e-\n¬°m≥ Im-c-Ww hn-ip-≤ Jp¿-B≥ A-d-_n-bnem-b-XmWv. Jp¿-Bs‚ kw-c-£-Ww Xm≥ G-s‰-Sp-Ø-Xmbn A-√m-lp Jp¿-B-\n¬ ]-dbp-∂p-≠v. km-ln-Xy-Øn-s‚-bpw hn-⁄m-\-Øn-s‚bpw \m-K-cn-I-X-bp-sS-bpw `m-j-bm-Wv A-d-_n. C-∂v C-cp-]-Xn¬ ]-cw cm-{„-ß-fp-sS am-Xr-`mj-bpw 150 -tIm-Sn-bn-te-sd ap-kven-wI-fp-sS kwkm-c`m-j-bpamWv A-d-_n.28 A-£-c-ß-fm-Wv A-d-_n-`m-jbv°p-≈Xv. sF-Iy-cm-{„-k-`-bn-se Hu-tZymKn-I `mj- I - f n- s em- ∂ m- W nXv . A¿- Y - k- º p- „ am- b ]-Z-ß-fp-≈ A-d-_n e-fn-Xhpw a-t\m-l-c-hpam-Wv.

B-Ncn-°p-∂Xv. bp.F-∂nse 22 Aw-Kcm-Py-ß-fp-sS `m-jb - pw 422 Zi-e£w P-\ß-fp-sS kw-km-c-`m-j-bpw tem-I P-\-kw-Jy-bp-sS 23 Ad-_nIv ssN-\o-kv i-X-am-\w h-cp∂ ap-kv-enwI-fp-sS ]p-Wy-`m-jb - p-am-Wv Cw-•o-jv {^-©v A-d_ - n F-∂Xpw ]-cn-KW - nd-jy≥ kv-]m-\njv ®mWv sF-Iy-cm-{„ kw-LS\ Cu ]Z-hn \¬-In-b-Xv. 23 tIm-Sn- P-\-ß-fp-sS am-Xr-`m-jbm-b A-d-_n- 26 cm-Py-ß-fn¬ Hu-tZymKn-I `m-j-bmWv. C-kvemw a-X-Øn-s‚ {]-Nm-c-tØmsS-bm-Wv Ad-_n k-ºp-„-am-bXv. Jp¿B-s‚ `m-j A-d-_n-bmbXp-sIm-≠v C-kv-emw-a-X-hpw A-d-_nbpw X-Ωn¬ Km-V_‘-am-Wp-≈-Xv.

bp.F-∂nse Hu-tZymKn-I `m-j-Iƒ

A-d-_n-`m-j-bp-sS h-f¿-®-sb aq-∂p L-´-ß-fm-bn Xn-cn-°mw: {]m-No-\ L-´w, ¢m-kn-°¬ L-´w, B-[p-\n-I L-´w F∂n-- h-bm-W-h. {]m-No-\ L-´w: ap-kv-enw-Iƒ Pm-ln-en-øm Im-ew (A-⁄-X-bp-sS Im-ew) F-∂p hnfn-°p-∂ Cu L-´-sØ-∏-‰n ]Tn-°m≥ Im-cy-am-b tc-J-I-fn-√. ln-Pm-kv, tPm¿Zm≥ ap-X-em-b ÿ-e-ß-fn¬- \n-∂p e-`n®n-´p-≈ en-Jn-X-ß-fn¬ Nn-e-Xn-\p {In.ap. c-≠mw i-X-I-tØm-fw ]-g-°-ap-s≠∂p I-W-°m-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. kz-c-Nn-”߃ C-√m-Ø-Xp sIm-≠v A-h i-cn-bmbn hm-bn-°m≥ I-gn-™n-´n-√. {In.-ap. 1000Øn¬ Po-hn-®n-cp-∂ ep-Jv-am-\p¬ l°o-an-s‚ k-Zp-]-tZ-i-߃ A-d-_n-`m-jbn¬ e-`n-®n-´p-≈ G-‰-hpw ]-g-b am-Xr-Ibm-sW-∂p Nn-e¿ I-cp-Xp-∂p. Cu Im-eL-´-Øn¬ [m-cm-fw I-hn-X-Iƒ c-Nn-°s∏-´n-cn-°-Ww. F-∂m¬ F-gp-Xn kq-£n°p-∂ k-{º-Zm-bw {]m-No-\-Im-e-Øv C√m-Xn-cp-∂-Xp-sIm-≠v A-h ]-e-Xpw \-„am-bn.¢m-kn-°¬ L-´w: Im-hy-k-º-∂-am-b Cu Im-e-Øv tem-tIm-Ø-c-am-b [m-cmfw I-hn-X-Iƒ e-`n-®n-´p-≠v. A-h-bn¬ Nn-e-Xn-\v {In.-ti. A-©mw i-X-I-tØmfw ]-g-°-ap-s≠-∂p I-cp-X-s∏-Sp-∂p. A°q-´-Øn¬ G-‰-hpw \o-≠ I-hn-X-bm-Wv J-ko-Z. A-kv-am-C-ø, ap-A-√J F-∂o t]-cp-I-fn¬ {]-kn-≤o-I-cn-® I-hn-X-Iƒ A-d-_n-km-ln-Xy-Øn-s‚ kp-h¿-W-Ime-Øp c-Nn-°-s∏-´-h-bm-Wv. ]-cn-ip-≤ Jp¿-B≥ B-Wv G-‰-hpw t{i-jvT-am-b ¢m- n-°¬ am-Xr-I.

B-[p-\n-I L-´w: Xm- l m lp- k - b v ≥, Xu- ^ o- J p- ¬ l- ° ow ap- X - e mb- h - c p- s S Ir- X nIƒ Cu Im- e Øn- s ‚ k- h n- t ij-X-bm-Wv.

Ad_n Hu-tZym-Kn-I `m-j B-b cm-Py-߃ kuZn A-td_y AƒPocnb Ham≥ _lv-dbv≥ bp.F.C OmUv sImtam-d-kv Fcn-{Xnb Pn_q´n CuPn]vXvC-dmJv C{kmtb¬ ^-e-kv-Xo≥ tZiob A-tXm-dn‰n

tPm¿Zm≥ Ip-ssh-Øv e_v\m≥ en_nb audnØm\nb samtdmt°m JØ¿ tkmamenb kpZm≥ kndn-b Xp-Wo-ky b-a≥ ]›na klmd

Ad_v temIsØ s\m-t_¬ tP-Xm-°ƒ bm-kn¿ A-d-^mØv

\-Po-_v a-lv-^q-kv (Cu-Pn-]vXv) 1988¬ km-ln-Xy-Øn-\p≈ s\m-t_¬ k-Ωm-\w t\Sn-b Cu-Pn-]v-jy≥ Fgp-Øp-Imc≥. {]ikvX t\m-h-en-kv-‰v, sN-dp-I-Ym-IrØv, \m-SI-Ir-Øv. A-lv a-Zv F-®.v sk-hmen (Cu-Pn-]vXv) Cu-Pn-]v-jy≥ im-kv-{X-Im-c\m-b Ct±-l-Øn-\m-bn-cp-∂p 1999se c-k-X{¥-Øn-\p≈ s\m-t_¬ ]p-c-kv-Imcw. im-kv-{X-cwK-Øv s\m-t_¬ t\Snb BZy Cu-Pn-]v-Xp-Im-c-\m-Wv C-t±lw. 1946 s^-{_p-h-cn 26\v P-\-\w. A≥-h¿- km-ZØv (Cu-Pn-]vXv) Cu-Pn-]v-Xn-s‚ aq-∂m-a-sØ {]-kn-U‚ v. 1918 Un-kw-_¿ 25\v P-\-\w. CuPn-]v-Xv-˛ C-{km-tb¬ k-am-[m-\ D-Sº-Sn bm-Ym¿-Yy-am-°n-b-Xn-\v 1978se k-am-[m-\-Øn-\p-≈ s\m-t_¬ kΩm-\w ]-¶n-´p. 1981 H-tŒm-_¿ 6\v ]´m-f A-´n-a-dn-bn¬ sIm-√-s∏-´p. bm-kn¿ A-d-^mØv (^-e-kv-Xo≥) 1929 B-K-kv-Xv 24\v Cu-Pn-]v-Xn-se ssI-tdm-bn¬ ^-e-kv-Xo-\n Ip-Spw-_Øn¬ P-\-\w. ^-e-kv-Xo≥ \m-j-\¬ A-tXm-dn-‰n-bp-tS-bpw ]n.-F¬.-H-hns‚-bpw sN-b¿-am-\pw {]-i-kv-X-\m-b A-d-_v t\-Xm-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p. ^-e-kvXo≥ hn-tam-N-\-Øn-\pw C-{km-tb-ens\-Xn-cm-b t]m-cm-´-Øn-\pw th-≠n Po-hn-®p. Hm-kv-tem I-cm-dn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v k-am[m-\-Øn-\p-≈ t\m-_¬ k-Ωm-\w e`n-®p. 2004 \-hw-_¿ 11\v ]m-co-kn¬

X-h-°p¬ I¿-am≥

ap-lΩ-Zv A¬-_-dmZn

a-cn-®p. C-{km-tb¬ A-t±-l-sØ hnjw sIm-Sp-Øv sIm-√p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂psh-∂v B-tcm-]-W-ap-≠v. X-h-°p¬ I¿-am≥ (ba≥) 2011¬ Xp-\oky-bn¬ \-S-∂ ap-√-∏q hnπ-h-Øn-s‚ A-a-c-°m-cn. hn-π-h-Øns‚ am-Xm-sh-∂pw D-cp-°ph-\n-X-sb∂pw A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. 2011se k-am-[m\-Øn-\p-≈ s\m-t_¬ k-Ωm-\w ]¶n-´v s\m-t_¬ t\-Sp-∂ B-Zy A-d-_v h-\n-X-bpw B-Zy b-a-\n-bp-am-bn. Cu ]p-c-kv-Im-cw t\-Sp-∂ G-‰-hpw {]m-bw Ip-d-™ hy-‡n-bm-b X-h-°p¬ s\mt_¬ t\-Sp-∂ c-≠m-a-sØ ap-kv-enw h-\n-X-bp-am-Wv. 1979 s^-{_p-h-cn 7\v b-a-\n¬ P-\-\w. ]-{X-{]-h¿-Ø-I-bpw A-`n-`m-j-I-bpw cm-{„o-b t\-Xm-hp-amb C-h¿ {]-i-kv-X-bm-b a-\p-jym-h-Imi {]-h¿-Ø-I-bp-am-Wv. ap-lΩ-Zv A¬-_-dmZn (Cu-Pn-]vXv) 1942 Pq¨ 17\v Ibv-tdm-bn¬ P-\\w. Cu-Pn-]v-jy≥ \n-b-a-]-fin-X\pw \b-X-{¥-⁄-\pam-b C-t±-lw {]-knU‚ v ap¿-kn-sb ]-´m-fw A-´n-a-dn-®-Xns\ Xp-S¿-∂v 2013 Pq-sse-bn¬ Cu-Pn]v-Xns‚ C-S°m-e B-Œn-Mv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚mbn. bp.F-∂n-s‚ A-¥m-cm-{„ B-Wthm¿-P G-P≥-kn-(sF.-F.C.F)bpsS U-b-dŒ¿ P-\-d-em-bn-cp-∂p. 2005se k-am-[m-\-Øn-\p≈ s\m-t_¬ ]p-c-kv-Imcw sF.-F.C.-F-bv-s°m∏w ]-¶n-´p.

C-_v-\p-ko-\ (A-hn-sk-∂) ssh-Zy-im-kv-{X-Øn-s‚ ]n-Xmhv Pm-_n¿ C-_v-\p l-øm≥ (Pm-_n¿) c-k-X-{¥-Øn-s‚ ]n-Xmhv A-¬-J-hm-d-kv-an B¬-Pn-{_-bp-sS ]n-Xmhv A¬-In-μn ^n-tem-k-^n-bp-sS ]n-Xmhv A_q-ssd-lm≥ A¬-_n-dq-\n Pn-tbm-f-Pn-kv‰pw B-Zy \-chw-i im-kv-{X-⁄\pw A¬-^m-dm-_n tKm-f-im-kv-{X {]Xn-` C-_v-\p A¬ l-bv-Xmw (A¬-lk≥) {]m-tbm-Kn-I a-\-»m-kv-{X-Øn-s‚ D-]-⁄m-Xm-hv. "Hm-]v-‰n-Iv-kn'-s‚ ]n-Xm-hv C-_v-\p J¬-Zq≥ N-cn-{X-Øn-s‚ ]n-Xmhv A-¬-a-kq-Zn A-d-_v tem-I-sØ sl-tdm-tUm-´-kv A-lva-Zv ju-°n A-ao-dp-»pA-dm F-∂-dn-b-s∏´p. B-[p\n-I Ad-_n km-ln-Xy-sØ ]cn-t]m-jn-∏n-® I-hnbpw \m-S-I-Ir-Øpw lm-^n-kv C-{_mlnw im-C-dp-∂o¬ F-∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ Cu-Pn-]v-jy≥ Ihn Xm-lm lp-kbv≥ 20mw \q-‰m-≠n-se Ad-_v km-ln-Xy-sØ \-bn-® Cu-Pn-]v-jy≥ Nn-¥I≥ a≥-^-eq-Xn Cu-Pn-]v-jy≥ Ihn

C-_v-\p-ko-\

Pm-_n¿ C-_v-\p l-øm≥

A-¬-J-hm-d-kv-an

apI-fn¬ (CSØp-\n∂v)-: A¬-In-μn, A_q-ssd-lm≥ A¬-_n-dq-\n, A¬-^mdm-_n, C-_v-\p A¬ l-bv-Xmw, C-_v-\p J¬-Zq≥. (Xmsg) A-¬-a-kq-Zn, A-lva-Zv ju-°n, lm-^n-kv C-{_mlnw, Xm-lm lp-kbv≥, a≥-^-eq-Xn

ae-bm-fn-I-fmb A-d-_v km-ln-Xy-Im-c·mÀ A-d-_n `m-j-bv-°pw km-ln-Xy-Øn\pw h-en-b kw-`m-h-\-Iƒ \¬-In-b tIc-fo-b-cm-b A-d-_v km-ln-Xy-Im-c-∑m¿ H-Øn-cn-bp-≠v. tIm-gn-t°m-´p-Im-c-\m-b A-lv-a-Zv, A-–p-√m-ln-_v-\p a-e-_m-cn Xp-S-ßn-b-h-cm-Wv Cu cw-K-Øv B-Zyw {]-h¿-Øn-®-h¿. \-_n-h-N-\ hy-mJym-\ß-fm-Wv C-h¿ X-øm-dm-°n-b-Xv. b-a-\n-se a-Av-_-dn¬\n-∂p h-∂v s]m-∂m-\n-bn¬ Xm-a-kn-® a-Jv-Zqw Ip-Spw_-hpw A-h-cp-sS ]n≥ X-e-ap-d-°m-cpw

A-d-_n km-ln-Xy-Im-c-∑m-sc kw-`m-h-\ sN-bv-Xn-´p-≠v. ]-d-¶n-Iƒ-s°-Xntc A-d-_n-bn¬ hnπ-h Im-hyw c-Nn-® H-∂mw ssk-\p-±o≥ aJv-Zqw, hn-iz {]-i-kv-X-am-b Xp-lv-^-Øp¬ ap-Pm-ln-Zo-s‚ c-N-bn-Xm-hm-b ssk\p-±o≥ c-≠m-a≥ F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-Jv-Zqw Ip-Spw-_-Øn-se {]-[m-\ A-d-_n km-lnXy-Im-c-∑m-cm-b a-e-bm-fn-Iƒ. a-e-bm-f `m-j-bp-sS ]n-Xm-hm-b Xps©-sØ-gp-Ø-—-s‚ k-a-Im-en-I-\pw ap-

lvv-bp-±o≥ am-e(A-d-_n a-e-bm-f Imhyw)bp-sS c-N-bn-Xm-hp-am-b Jm-Zn ap-lΩ-Zpw a-I≥ Jm-Zn ap-lv-bp-±o-\pw \n-c-h[n A-d-_v Im-hy-ß-fp-sS c-N-bn-Xm-°fmWv. Jm-Zn A-_q-_-°¿ Ip-™n-bm-Wv as‰m-cmƒ. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sN-dn-b Jm-Zn ]-cº-c-bn-epw Nm-en-bw Jm-Zn-am-cn-epw tImgn-t°m-s´ Pn-^v-cn Ip-Spw-_-ß-fn-epw s]´ ]-e-cpw {]-i-kv-X A-d-_n km-ln-XyIm-c-∑m-cm-bn-cp-∂p. D-a¿ _m A-e-hn, køn-Zv sibv-Jv Pn-{^n, k-øn-Zv ^-k¬ ]q-

t°m-b X-߃, k-øn-Zv A-–p-√ tIm-b Xp-S-ßn-b-h-cm-Wv A-h-cn¬ {]-ap-J¿. h-f-]-´-Ww Jm-Zn-bm-b k-øn-Zv sIm-®p tIm-b X-߃ c-Nn-® A-d-_v Im-hyw Ad-_v \m-Sp-I-fn¬ {]-Nm-cw kn-≤n-®-h-bmWv. sh-fn-b-t¶m-Sv D-a¿-Jm-kn-bpw \qdm\nbpw A-d-_v \m-´n¬ A-dn-b-s∏-´ a-ebm-fn A-d-_v km-ln-Xy-Im-c-∑m-cmWv. A-d-_n hn-Zym-e-b-ß-fp-sS-bpw A-[ym]-I-cp-sS-bpw F-Æ-Øn¬ tem-I-Øv c≠mw ÿm-\w tI-c-f-Øn-\m-Wv.


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16 Unkw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

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A_q-_-°¿ ]p-Xp-°pSn, tNμ-aw-K-√q¿ lb¿ sk°≥Udn kvIqƒ hnhn-[ cm-P y-ß-fn-se \m-W-b-ßfpw I-d≥-kn-Ifpw ]-cn-N-b-s∏Sq

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Teacher’s hand book

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Black board

Please

Desk

School girl

School bag Submit on the class room

¢UÉs°UnQ rºn∏nb ºn∏bn

¬r«næoL

¿Énàr°ùpcÉpH/~ræp¡dG

án«pHhoQ

»pdÉn£jpGE

Inô`«pd

~æ¡dG AGƒd

?án°ùpeÉnîrdG oánªp∏nμrdG Éne ,oèr∏nK - lQrƒnJ - lQr~nH - lÜnCG (6 ?Gnòng n¢ùs°SnCG røne (7

(INDIAN FLAG)

?ásjpOƒo©t°ùdG ás«pHnô©n rdG ánμn∏rªnªrdG oá∏ªY Éne ,∫ÉnjpQ ô£nb oán∏ªY (8 ?n»pgÉne Gk~pMGnh s’pEG mIn~pMGnh mánbrôpa »pa Én¡o©«pªnL ,¬ndpEG - án°ù«pænc - πnμr«ng - l~pér°ùne (9

¿GnônØrYnR ¢ n«rHnCG

?ás«pHnôn©rdG »pa ƒojpOGsô∏pd o∫Én≤oj GnPÉne - q»pHnônY n¢ùr«nd o¬o∏r°UnCG ƒojpOGsôdG (10 ?ÉnfnCG røne - rønJƒo«pf ºndÉn©dG nΩÉnenCG oâr£n≤n°S Ωrƒnj näGnP - Gkô`«pãnc o¢SÉsædG »pætÑpëoj ,lInòjpònd lán¡pcÉna ÉnfnCG (11

räÉnæjpôrªnJ rônàranO Qô≤ª`dG oÜÉnàpμdG ¢SuQn~oª`dG ÜÉnàpc

InQƒtÑn°S/Onƒr°SnCG lìrƒnd ∂p∏r° na røpe Önàrμne Inò«pªr∏pJ ás«p°SnQr~ne ánÑ«p≤nM ∞s°YdG nΩÉneGCn rΩ~u bn

?ô`«pÑnμrdG o¢Yrîn°ûdG Gnòng røne (12

18 - ônÑrªn°ùjpO

ôn° rNnCG

πjpƒn£dG ôrënH »pa

Black

»pbhoQÉnØdG øju~dG o±nô°n T :ºn∏n≤pH

Blue

¢ShoQoO ∫nhr~nL

CMYK

Stand up

CGnôrbpG

Pencil

?nârfnCG nørjnCG ?nârfpEG rørjnh ?Önàrμne ≈ndpEG oìhoônJ n∞r«nc ?Önàrμne rìoôoJ ∞«nc How do you go to the office? ?nørjnCG ,mør«n©oe m¿Énμne »pa oønar~oj o¿Én°ùrfpE’rG näÉne GnPpEG (1 ?n∑ƒoNnCG røne ∂oNCG rø`«pe Who is your brother? ?rønªpd InQÉs«s°ùdG p√pòng √pòng rø`«pe IQÉs«n°S ,ô`«pÑnμdG oørHG oô`«p¨n°YdG ,ô`«p¨n°U »pfÉsãdGnh ,ô`«pÑnc ∫shnC’G o¢Yrîn°ûdG ,¿Én°Yrîn°T InQÉs«s°ùdG n~ræpY (2 Whose car is this? ?ô`«pÑnμrdG nƒog røne ,ô`«p¨s°Y∏pd ÉkHnCG n¢ùr«nd oô`«pÑnμrdGnh lôpNCÉnàoe nârfnCG nºpd ôuNCÉàe ârfpEG ¢ùr«nd Why are you late? n∑o~pYÉn°SoCG rπng r∑o~pYÉn°SoCG øpμrªoe May I help you ?oºr°ùp≤rdG nƒog Éne ,m~pMGnh mº°ùb »pa Én¡o©«pªnL rπn°YnH ,ºnWÉnªnW ,¢Sn~nY ,Én«peÉnH (3 rÖu«nW kÓrgnCG Öu«nW kÓrgnCG Hallo fine ,ônØr°UnCG o¬ofrƒnd ,Gkô`«pãnc ¢SÉsædG o¬tÑpëoj lÅr«n°T (4 ¿Gn~ndnh »pd ¿Gn~ndnh …p~ræpY I have two children How many flights from Calicut ? äƒoμpdÉncpQÉn£ne røpe røpe InôpFÉnW rºnc äƒoμpdÉnc pQÉn£ne røpe InôpFÉs£dG røo°T ?nƒog Éne ,Ék«r∏oM oAÉn°ùpædG o¬oep~rînàr°ùnJ lán«pdÉnY ¬oànª«pb »p¨ÑJ ásjp~ng …nCG ≠rÑnJ ásjp~ng …nCG What type of gift you want ? ?ás«pFÉnép¡rdÉj p±hoôoërdG »pa ÉkarônM rºnc (5

Red

Orange

Énæperƒn≤pd l¿É`næ`nM ônÑ`rª`n°ù`jp~`pd lΩrƒ`n«`na

pá`sæ`penh mAÉ`n°VpQ rø`pe mèr¡`nH oΩrƒ`nj É`næ`nd

Énæp©rªn°ùpd k’ÉnªnL Én¡`pJÉ`n¨`od in~`rMpEÉ`nc

ø`pdƒ`o©`na pΩÉ`nfnC’rÉ`pH É`n«``rfo~`pd É`kfÉ`n°ù`pd

É`næ`u«`pÑ`nf o¿É``n°ù`pdnh m¿É`næ``pL o¿É``n°ù`pd

oº`oμ`rjn~`nd mO`jp~`nM m¿BGrô`ob nπ`rgnCG n’nCG

Énæ`pæ`jp~`pd l∫ƒ`o°SnQ É`n¡`pFrƒ`n° `pH É`nfÉ`nJnCG

ÉnfnOÉnanCG ÉngÉnØn°U rø`ue É`sæ`nanh É`keƒ`o∏`oY

ÉnæpÑ«pÑnM p∫ƒo°SnQ røue kÓr° `nanh ÉkeGnô`pc

ÉnæofÉn°ùpd rânbÉnanCG pAÉn≤ræn©rdG nøue mô`r«`n£`nc

Énæ`nenÓ`nc o~`«`pé`oJ m¿É`nbrô`oØ`pH oäÉ`n¨`od

mºnμ`rHnCÉ`nc Gƒ`ofÉ`nμ`na Énæ`p°VGnQnCG »pdÉ`ngnCG

É`nfuõ`p©`pd É`k©«`pª`nL Gƒ`odnhGn~`nJ mäÉ`n¨`od

ÉnfpOnÓpH pè«p∏nN røue mäÉn¡pL »pa inô`nf

Énæp`°Vrô`p©`pd mΩGnhnO mô`«`pKrCÉ`nJ oäÉ`nenÓ`nY

Én¡t∏oc oø`«`p£`r°ùn∏`pa l¿Gnô``jpEGnh l¥Gnô`pY

Énfo~«p¡n°T ÉsØpéræoc l¿É`nª`rMnQnh l~«`pé`ne

rºo¡n°SƒoØof GƒoJÉnenCG røse rºoàr©pªn°S rπngn’nCG

Énæ`p°û`r«`n©`pd É`kehoõ`od É`nænfÉ`n°ùpd o∫ƒ`o≤`nj Énæ`pJÉ`n¨`od É`kæ`«`p≤`nj Gkô`ogÉ`n¶`nJ oäÉ`nÑ`pg

Rose Ash colour

ônªrMnCG Onƒr°SnCG ¥nQrRnCG »pdÉn≤oJrôoH …pOrQnh …pOÉnenQ

Brown Violet Yellow Indigo Pink Golden

»qæHo »pénØr°ùnænH ônØr°UnCG »p∏«pf »p∏oØrfnônb »pÑngnP

?GnòngÉne ?

¿ ,ç

l™sHnôoe Gnòng

`g ,ä

h ,Ü

… ,G (14

hmIy-L-S-\bv°v klm-bn-°m≥ klm-bn-®-X-\p-k-cn®v

nôn°Ynf Éne nÖr°ùnM

klm-bn-®-t∏mƒ

nôn°Ynf rPpEG

klm-bn-°m≥ XpSßn

oôo°Yræoj nònNnCG

klm-bn-®m¬

nôn°Ynf GnPpEG

klm-bn-®m-e-√msX

nôo°Yrænj r¿nCG n’pEG

klm-bn-°p-∂Xp hsc

nôn°Ynf r¿nCG ≈ndpEG

klm-bn-°p-∂Xphsc

nôo°Yrænj ≈sànM

klm-bn®p Ign™ tijw

nôn°Ynf Éne n~r©nH

klm-bn-°p-tºmƒ

oôo°Yrænj nø`«pM

klm-bn-°p-tºm-sg√mw

nôn°Ynf Énªs∏oc

klm-bn-°p-∂-Xn\v apºv

oôo°Yrænj r¿nCG nπrÑnb

klm-bn-®n-√m-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬

nôn°Ynf n’rƒnd

…pòng nÓ`pH ÉkenÓnc »pdnôr«nc n∫É`nb É`nenh

klm-bn-°p∂ Imew

oôo°Yrænj oΩGnOÉne

klm-bn-®Xp apX¬

nôn°Ynf oòræoe

rø`«``peBGnh lOÉ`n°ù``na läÉ`naBGnh l∑nÓ``ng

klm-bn-®n-´n√

ôo°Yrænj rºnd

klm-bn® Znhkw

nôn°Ynf nΩrƒnj

ìrõob o¢Srƒnb (RAINBOW)

(13

DØcw t]-Pv G-gn¬

CMYK

Read

∫Én©nJ

Ad_n Iznkv

kw-km-c`mj

CMYK

(In the class room)

Come on

km-ln-Xy`m-j

Where are you?

Coins and Currency

ÉnjpQƒo°S/ôr°Ype

ás«pHnôn©rdG ándpAÉn°ùnª`dG

Spoken Arabic


6 16 Unkw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

16 Unkw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

sk-an-‰n-Iv `mj ]p-cm-X-\ sk-an-‰n-Iv `m-j-I-fn¬ Im-e-l-cW-s∏-Sm-sX C∂pw k-Po-h-am-bn \n-e-sIm≈p-∂ G-I `m-j-bm-Wv A-d_n. lo-{_p-hpw kn-dn-bIpw Nn-e a-X-N-S-ßp-I-fnepw a‰pw D-]tbm-Kn-°p-∂-sXm-gn-®m¬ sk-an-‰n-Iv Ip-Spw_-Øn-se a-s‰√m -`m-j-Ifpw N-c-a-aS-™p Ign-™p. 23 tImSn-tbm-fw P-\-ß-fp-sS kw-km-c-`mj, 22 a-[y]u-c-kv-Xy cm-Py-ß-fp-sS `-cW,hm-Wn-Py,hn-Zym-`ym-k,\b-X-{¥ -`mj, sF-Iy-cm-{„ k-`-bp-sS Hu-tZymKn-I `m-jIfn-sem-∂v F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ B-[p-\nI temI-Øv Cw-•o-jv I-gn-™m¬ G-‰hpw Iq-SpX¬ t]¿-°v A-dn-bm-hp-∂ `m-j-bm-Wv A-d_n. sk-an-‰n-Iv P-\-hn-`m-K-ß-fp-sS `m-j-bn¬ G-‰-hpw {]-[m-\-s∏-´ `m-j-bm-Wv A-d-_n.

sX-°≥ A-d-_n-bpw h-S-°≥ A-d-_n-bpw

"'

Ad-_n `m-j-bv-°p c-≠v D-]-hn-`m-K-ß-fp≠v. sX°≥ A-d-_nbpw h-S-°≥ A-d-_n-bpw. {In.ap. HºXmw \q-‰m-≠p- apX¬ {In.ti. Bdmw \q-‰m-≠p- hsc-bp-≈ en-Jn-X-ß-fn¬ \n-∂m-Wv sX-°≥ A-d-_nbp-sS D-]-tbm-K-sØ-°p-dn-®v Xn-cn-®-dn-™Xv. {]m-No\am-b Cu `m-j C-∂p \n-e-hn-en√. h-S-°≥ A-d-_nbn¬\n-∂m-Wv B-[p\n-I A-d-_n`m-j h-f¿-∂Xv. Cu `m-j-bv-°v B-ZyIm-e A-d_n, ¢m-kn-°¬ Ad_n, B-[p\n-I Ad-_n F-∂nß-s\ h-f¿-®-bp-sS aq∂v L-´-ß-fp≠v. kn-dn-b≥ a-cp-`q-an-bnepw A-td-_ybp-sS hS-°v `m-KØpw {In.ap. 8mw- \q-‰m-≠p ap-X¬ D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp∂-Xv h-S-°≥ A-d-_n`m-j-bpsS "BZyIm-e A-d_n' cq-]-amWv. kn-dnb-°p ]pd-sa ^-e-kvXo≥, C-dm-Jv Xp-Sßn-b ta-J-e-I-fn-se hnhn-[ Ad_n tKm-{X-ßfpw Cu `m-j X-s∂-bm-Wv D-]-tbm-Kn®n-cp-∂-Xv.

A-d-_n-Iv k¿-h-I-em-ime?

Ad-_v P-\X _m_n-tem-Wnb¿, A-ko-dnb¿, F-{_mb¿, ^n-\n-jy¿, A-cm-ay¿, A-_v-ko-\n-b-°m¿, km-_n-b¿ Xp-Sßn-b k-aq-l-ß-fp-sS IpSpw_Øn¬ s]Sp-∂p A-d-_nIƒ. t\m-l-bpsS ]p-{X\m-b km-an-s\ s]m-Xp ]q¿-hn-I-\mbn I-W-°m-°p-∂Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv Ch-sc skan-‰p-Iƒ F-∂v hn-fn-°p-∂-Xv. {In.ap. aq-∂mw \q-‰m-≠n¬ C-°q-´¿ A-td-_y≥ D-]-Zzo-]n¬ \n-∂v sa-k-s∏m-´m-an-b-bn-se bq-{^-´okv, ssS{Kokv \-ZoX-S-ß-fn-te-°p Iq-Sn hym-]n-®p. Ad-_n kw-km-cn-°p-∂ P-\X-sb C-∂v

¶nepw A-h-ti-jn-°p-∂-Xv. h-e-Øp-\n∂v C-S-tØm-´v F-gpXp-Ibpw hm-bn-°p-Ibpw sN-øp∂ Cu `m-j-bnse A-°-߃ CS-Øp-\n∂p h-e-tØm-´m-Wv F-gpXp-∂-Xv. A-£-c-߃ Iq-´n-sb-gpXp∂p. D-®m-c-W-Øn-\v A-Xo-h {]m-[m-\y-ap-≈ `m-j-bm-Wn-Xv. temI P\-kw-JybpsS Ggnsem-∂pw Ad_n en]n D]-tbm-Kn°p-∂p. kw-km-c-`m-jbpw ssIsb-gpØpw am-{X-am-bn \n-e-\n-∂ A-d-_n`m-j C-kv-em-an-s‚ h-cthm-sS tem-I-hym-]-I-am-bn D-]tbm-Kn-°-s∏-Sp-∂ en-]n-bm-bn. c≠pX-cw en-]n-I-fm-Wv C-∂v {]-Nmc-Øn-ep-≈Xv. NXp-c h-Sn-hn-ep-≈ Iq^n, h-f-™ h-Sn-hp-≈ \-kv-Jn F-∂n-h-. t]¿jy, A-^v-Km-\n-kv-Xm≥, D-Ø-cm-{^n-°, ]-›n-a-]m-In-kvXm≥, D-Ø-tc-¥y F-∂n-hn-S-ßfn¬ ]-e `m-j-I-fp-sSbpw en-]n A-d-_n-bm-Wv. t]m¿-®p-K¬ cm-Pm-hn-s‚ {]Xn-\n-[n-bm-bn h-∂ I-{_mƒ 1500 k-]v-Xw-_¿ 18\v km-aq-Xncn°v \¬In-b I-Øv A-d-_n-bnem-bn-cp∂p. A-°me-Øv A-¥mcm-{„ hm-Wn-Py `m-j-bm-bn-cp∂p A-d-_n.

Ad_n-Iv I-men-{K-^n Nn-{X-cq-]Øn¬ Hu´v-sse≥ X-ømdm-°n kq-‡-ßfpw Ad-_n hm-Iyßfpw a-t\m-l-c-am-bn F-gp-Xp-∂ coXn-bm-Wv I-men-{K^n. Xp¿-°n Jn-em^-Øv Imew Ad-_n I-men-{K-^n-bpsS kp-h¿-W-Im-e-L-´-am-Wv. ]-≈n-Iƒ°pw sIm-´m-c-ß-ƒ°pw Imen-{K^n F-gp-Øv {]u-Vn-tb-Ip-∂p. in-em^-e-I-ß-fnepw kv-am-c-I-ß-fn-epw CXp-]-tbm-Kn-°p∂p. A-d-_n-Iv I--men{K-^n-bn¬ Iq^n, kp-eq-kv, Zo-hm\n, ssd-lm-\n Xp-Sßn-b en-]n-Iƒ C-∂v {]-Nm-c-Øn-ep-≠v.

s]m-Xp-th A-d-_n-Iƒ F-∂p hn-fn-°p∂p. B-Zy-Ime-Øv A-td-_y≥ D-]-Zzo-]n¬ A-[nh-kn-®n-cp-∂ sk-an-‰n-Iv P-\-X-sb-bm-Wv A-d_n-Iƒ F-∂p hn-fn-®n-cp-∂Xv. C-∂v \n-ch-[n Ad-_v tKm-{Xk-aq-l-߃ A-td-_y≥ D-]Zzo]pw IS-∂v kn-dn-b, e-_-v\m≥, C-dmJv, en_n-b, tPm¿-Zm≥, Cu-Pn-]v-Xv F-∂n-h-bpƒ-s∏sS hnhn[ cm-Py-ß-fn¬ hym-]n-®p In-S-°p∂p. \qlv \-_n-bp-sS Ip-Spw-_-hp-am-bn Ad_n `m-j F-ßn-s\ _-‘-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p F∂p Im-Wn-°p-∂ Nm¿-´m-Wv Xmsg.

tI-c-f-Øn¬ H-∂p ap-X¬ ]-Øp- h-sc-bp-≈ ¢m-kp-I-fnembn 9,71,920 Ip-´n-Iƒ Ad-_n ]Tn-°p-∂p-≠v. l-b¿ sk°≥U-dn XeØn¬ H-cp e-£-Øn-e-[n-Iw hn-Zym¿-YnIfpw ]Tn-°p-∂p. 12 F-bvU-Uv A-d-_n-Iv tIm-f-Pp-I-fpw 29 A¨ F-bvU-Uv tIm-f-Pp-Ifpw tI-c-f-Øn-ep≠v. C-h-bneqsS ]-Xn-\m-bn-c-Øn¬∏-cw hn-Zym¿-Yn-Ifpw ]T-\w \-SØp-∂p≠-v. tI-c-f-Øn-se 12 F-bvU-Uv tIm-f-Pp-I-fnepw A-d-_n-Iv _n-cp-Zm\-¥-c _ncpZ tIm-gvkp-I-fp≠v. F¶nepw C-Xphsc A-d-_n-°p th-≠n tI-c-f-Øn¬ H-cp k¿-h-I-emim-e ÿm-]n-®n-´n√. C-Xn-t\-°mƒ Ipd-hv hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ ]Tn°p-∂ kw-kv-Ir-X-Øn-\p h-sc k¿-h-I-em-im-e-bm-bp≠v.

Zm-\-io-e-bm-b `mj temI-sØ -an-° `m-j-Ifpw A-d-_n-bn¬\n∂v F-Æ-a-‰ hm-°p-Iƒ I-SwsI-m-≠n-´p≠v. a-e-bm-f-Øn¬ {]-tbm-KØn-ep-≈ Ad-_n ]-Z-ß-fn¬ Nn-e-Xv: Z√mƒ, h-°o¬, ap≥-kn^v, tIm-∏, Nm-b, A ¬, Zd-P, a-°m\n, k-tamh¿, In-_vdv, J¬_v, _m°n, AØ¿, l¬h, lmP¿, a-lk¿(dnt]m¿´v), \°¬ (tIm∏n), h-°m-eØv, I-emiw (ss^-\¬), X¿-P-a (]-cn`mj), ip-Pmbn-({]am-Wn), l¿Pn, Pn√, a-l ¿, Xm-eq°v, ]n-™mWw, Ioi, ap-‡ym¿.

ΩnÓs°ùdG p¬r«n∏nY ìƒof

Ad_n en]n Im-\m¬ tZi-Øv cq-]wsIm≠ en-]n k-{º-Zm-b-Øn-s‚ hn-Ikn-X cq-]-am-Wv Ad-_n `m-j-bv°p-≈-Xv. 28 hy-RvP-\-߃ A-Sßn-b-Xm-Wv A-d-_n- A-£-c-ame. Jp¿-B≥ A-h-X-cn--°p-∂-Xn-\v Ip-d-®p apºm-Wv Ad-_n en-]n a°-bn¬ D-]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ Xp-S-ßnbXv. ]n¬-°meØv H-t´-sd hnImk ]-cn-Wm-a-߃-°p ti-jw C∂p Im-W-p-∂ X-c-Øn-ep-≈ c-N\m-co-Xn \n-e-hn¬-h∂p. sX-°≥ A-td-_y-bn¬ a-s‰m-cp cN-\m k{º-Zm-b-am-bn-cp-∂p \n-e-hn-ep≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv. C-Xv Im-e-{Ita-W \-in®p-t]mbn. F-tXm-]y≥ ssIsb-gp-Øp-I-fn¬ am-{X-am-Wv AXn-s‚ A-S-bm-f-߃ A¬-∏-sa-

7

aI≥ ΩÉn°S hwi ]c-º-c-bn¬ cq]-s∏´ `m-j-Iƒ

sam-gn-am-‰ I-YIƒ

ás«pHnôn©dG Ad_n

ás«°pfGnôrÑpY lo{_p

ás«pfÉnjrôo°S

ás«pfGn~r∏nc

kpdn-bm\n

á«p∏Hp ÉnH

Im¬Un-b≥ _m_n-tem-Wn-b≥

ìƒof \_n-bpsS F´m-asØ ]p{X≥ ¿Én£ër bn Ct±-l-Øns‚ aI≥ ¿Én£rënb ørH Üoôr©nj Ad_n `mj-bpsS ]nXmhv F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p.

Km-‘nPn, c-ho-{μ\m-Yv Sm-Kq¿, au-em-\m B-kmZv, Ipam-c-\m-im≥, X-I-gn, I-a-em-kpc-ø, i-in- X-cq¿, sI.sI.F≥. Ip-dp∏v ap-X-em-b-h-cp-sS Ir-Xn-Iƒ A-d-_n-bnte-°v sam-gn-am-‰w sNbvXn-´p≠v. a-lm-`m-cXw, cm-amb-Ww Xp-Sßn-b ¢m-kn-°p-Ifpw sam-gn-am-‰w sN-bv-Xn-´p≠v. Ad_n C-kv-eman-I {K-Ÿ-߃-°p ]pd-sa C-_v-\p J¬-Zq-s‚ ap-J-±n-a, A-¬-_-dq-\n-bp-sS C-¥ym-N-cn-{Xw, J-eo¬ Pn{_m-s‚ {K-Ÿ-߃ F∂nh a-e-bm-f-Øn-te°pw sam-gnam-‰w sNbvXn-´p-≠v.

a-e-bm-f-Øn¬ A-d-_n-bn-te°v h∂ Nn-e ]-Z߃ Xmw-_q¬ \m-d-Po¬ A-dpkv

(X-mw-_q-ew˛ sh-‰n-e) (\m-fn-tI-cw) (A-cn)

Cw-¥o-jn-sâ c-lkyw tIm-f-\n-h¬-°-c-W-Øn-eq-sS tem-I-Øn-s‚ hn-hn[- `m-K-ß-fn¬ A-c-tßdn-b Ip-Sn-tb-‰-Øn-s‚bpw ]nSn-®-S-°-ep-I-fp-sSbpw ^-e-am-bm-Wv Cw-•o-jv tem-Isaßpw {]-Nm-cw t\-Sn-b-Xv. Cw-•o-jv Cu-kv-‰n¥ym Iº-\n-bp-sS h-c-thm-sS-bm-Wv Cw-•o-jn-\v C-¥y-bn¬ {]-Nm-cw h-∂Xv. Nn-e DØtc-¥y≥ kw-ÿm-\-ßfn¬ Hu-tZymKn-I `m-j-bm-Wv Cw-•o-jv.

1973 Unkw-_¿ 18\mWv bp.F-∂n-se H-utZymKn-I `m-j-I-fn¬ H-∂mbn A-d-_n-sb Aw-Ko-I-cn-®Xv. AXn-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn-em-Wv F√m h¿-jhpw Cu Znhkw tem-I A-d-_n-`m-jm Zn-\-am-bn B-Ncn-°p-∂Xv

Xøm-dm-°nbXv: k^m-\ d-jo-Zv ^-Jv-dp-±o≥ ]-¥m-hq¿, A-kv_d

A-d-_n`m-j tI-c-f-Øn¬ A-d-_n `m-j-bp-am-bn tI-c-fo-b¿-°p ]p-cm-X-\-Im-ew ap-X¬-t° _-‘-ap-≠v. I-®h - S- Ø - n-\m-bn tI-cf - Ø - n-se-Øn-b Ad-_n-Iƒ ap-tJ-\b - m-Wv Cu `m-j- C-hn-sS {]-Nc - n-®X - v. C-∂v kv-Iq-fp-I-fn-epw tIm-fPp-I-fn-epw A-d-_n`m-j ]-Tn-∏n-°p-∂p≠v. ]-≈n-Z¿-kp-I-fn-eq-sS-bpw A-d-_n-Iv˛ C-kv-em-an-b tIm-f-Pp-I-fn-eq-sS-bpw Ckv-em-an-Iv bq-\n-th-gv-kn-‰n-I-fn-eq-sS-bpw A-d-_n-`m-j ]Tn-°m-\p-≈ A-h-k-cw tI-c-f-Øn-ep-≠v. tPm-en B-h-iym¿-Y-w C-X-c-a-X-ÿ-cm-b B-fp-Iƒ [m-cm-f-ambn C-∂v A-d-_n `m-j ]Tn-°p-∂p.-

Iznkv DØ-c-߃

A-d-_v h-k-¥w 2011 P-\p-h-cn-bn¬ Xp-\o-ky-bn¬ `-c-W-Iq-S-hncp-≤ {]-t£m-`-ß-fp-sS ^-e-am-bn `-c-Wm-[n-Im-cnbm-b ssk-\p¬ B-_n-Zo≥ _n≥ A-en-°v Ip-Spw_-k-ta-Xw ku-Zn A-td-_y-bn-te-°v \m-Sp-hn-tS≠n-h-∂-Xpw Xp-S¿-∂v k-am-\-am-b {]-t£m-`-߃ Cu-Pn-]v-Xv, en-_n-b, b-a≥, kn-dn-b Xp-S-ßn-b cmPy-ß-fn¬ A-c-tß-dn-b-Xp-am-Wv A-d-_v-h-k-¥w F-∂ t]-cn¬ A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Xp¿-°n-bn-epw P\m-[n-]-Xy co-Xn-bn¬ hn-π-hw A-c-tß-dn. G-Im-[n-]-Xn-I-fm-b `-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ-s°-

Xn-tc h-f¿-∂ A-kw-Xr-]v-Xn-bpw `-c-W-am-‰-Øn\p th-≠n-bp-≈ B-h-iy-ß-fpw Cu hn-π-h-߃°p Im-c-W-am-bn. cm-Py-sØ sXm-gn-en-√m-bv-a-bpw km-º-Øn-Im-h-ÿ-I-fpw a-\p-jym-h-Im-i [zwk-\-ß-fp-sa-√mw C-h-bv-°p {]-tNm-Z-\-ta-In. ssk-\y-hp-am-bp-≈ G-‰p-ap-´-¬ h-sc D-≠m-bn. CXn-s‚ ^-e-am-bn G-Im-[n-]-Xy `-c-W-Iq-S-߃ \n-jv-Im-k-\w sN-ø-s∏-Sp-I-tbm ]-cn-jv-I-c-W \S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-°m≥ \n¿-_-‘n-°-s∏-Sp-Itbm sN-bv-Xp.

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Thejas Epaper school Edition 2013/12/16  

Thejas Epaper school edition. 2013/12/16

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