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CMYK

CMYK

8

9 Unkw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

Fw. kamlv, Std. V

aplΩ-Zv ^-kn¬, VIII-B

9 Unkw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

Pn.F-®v.F-kv.Fkv hm-fmSv, X-e∏pg

padasala@thejasonline.com

a\m-dp¬lpZm bp.]n. kvIqƒ, thtß-cn, tIm-gn-t°mSv

10 Unkw-_¿

-Zn-\w i m I h ym j p a-\

Fkv.Fw. ^m-Øn-a-Øp¬ ^¿-h, V-A Zo-\p¬ C-kvemw k-` tKƒ-kv l-b¿-sk-°≥U-dn kv-Iqƒ, I-Æq¿ kn‰n

AhIm-in-I-fpsS Zn\w

Cochin Public School Thrikkakara, Cochin

apl-Ω-Zv dm-\n-jv, II-A Im-c-bm-Sv F.Fw.F¬.]n kv-Iqƒ, A-cn-°pfw

AMAN AHMED, IV-D P.A. BILAL, 1-A Madar English School, Vadanappally, Thrissur

CMYK

E.S. SAHALA SAKKIR, IV-A

Kendriya Vidyalaya Cochin Port Trust School, W. Island, Kochi

\-Ωp-sS `m-c-X \mSv F-{X a-t\m-l-c \mSv Kw-Km-b-ap-\m tKm-Zm-h-cnIƒ Km-\-ap-Xn¿°pw \m-Sv! P-\-K-W-a\-bp-sS \mSv P-\-tIm-Sn-I-fp-sS \mSv ]-e `m-j-°m¿ ]-e th-j-°m¿ H-sØm-cp-an-°pw \mSv! Km-‘n- ]n-d-s∂m-cp \mSv im-¥n-sb-gp-s∂m-cp \mSv aq-h¿-W-s°m-Sn ]m-dn-\-S-°pw k-Xy-kp-μ-c \m-Sv! ap-lΩ-Zv B-cn^v , VII-A A-`n-am-\n-I-fp-sS \m-Sv X≥an-b C-kv-em-an-Iv kv-Iqƒ, kz-X-{¥-`m-c-X \mSv \-S°¬, Cu-cm‰p-t]-´, tIm´bw sIm-≈-°ms-c sh-≈-°msc Xp-c-Øn-hn-s´m-cp \m-Sv! \-Ωp-sS `m-c-X \mSv F-{X -a-t\ml-c \mSv C-Xn-lm-k-߃ ]nd-∂pho-sWmcp hnip≤n \nd™ \mSv

hn.sI. in^m-\, VII-A Fw.F.bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ ]m-ºp-cpØn \m-dm-Øv, I-Æq¿

\Ωp-sS

`m-c-X-\m-Sv

F.F≥. Ppssh-cnb F-®v.Fw. kv-Iqƒ Ip-™p-Æn°-c D-fn-b-∂q¿, Beph

CMYK

CMYK

CMYK

Hmtcm a-\p-jy\pw P∑-\m D-≈ A-h-Im-i-ßfmWv a\p-jym-h-Imiw. A-Xv \n-tj-[n-°-s∏-Sp-∂ B-bn-c-°-W-°n-\m-fp-Iƒ \-ap-°p Np-‰p-ap≠v. a-\p-jym-hImi Zn\w A-h¿-°p th-≠n i-–n-°m\pw \o-Xn e-`y-am-°m\pw \-ap°p {]-tNm-Z-\-am-h-s´


2 9 Unkw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

9 Unkw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

a-\p-jym-h-Im-i A\p tkm-f-a≥

t]m-cm-fn-Iƒ a-\p-jym-h-Im-i kw-c-£-W-Øn-\m-bn {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂ \n-c-h-[n a\pjy-cp-≠v C-¥y-bn¬. A-Xn¬-s∏-´ G-Xm-\pw {]-ap-J-sc ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Smw

A-cp-‘-Xn tdm-bv am≥ _p-°¿ k-Ωm-\-Øn-\¿-l-bm-b B-Zy C¥y≥ h-\n-X-bm-Wv A-cp-‘-Xn tdm-bv. A-cp-‘-Xn-bpsS Zn tKm-Uv Hm-^v kv-amƒ Xn-Mv-kv F-∂ Ir-Xn-°mWv 1998se _p-°¿ ]p-c-kv-Im-cw e-`n-®-Xv. 1961 \-hw_¿ 24\v ta-Lm-e-b-bn-se jn-t√m-Mn¬ P-\n-® A-cp‘-Xn-bp-sS am-Xm-hv tIm-´-bw A-bv-a-\w kz-tZ-in-\nbpw {]-ap-J h-\n-Xm {]-h¿-Ø-I-bp-am-b ta-cn tdm-bv B-Wv. _w-Km-fn πm‚¿ B-bn-cp-∂p ]n-Xm-hv. _m-eyIm-ew tI-c-f-Øn¬ sN-e-h-gn-® A-cp-‘-Xn ]T-\Øn-\p ti-jw B¿-In-sS-Iv-‰v, F-bv-tdm-_n-Iv ]-cn-ioe-I F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ tPm-en sN-bv-Xp. N-e-®n-{X kw-hn-[m-b-I-\m-b {]-Zo-]v In-j≥ B-Wv `¿-Øm-hv. F-gp-Øp-Im-cn F-∂-Xn-ep-]-cn A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂ km-aq-ln-I-{]-h¿-Ø-I Iq-Sn-bm-Wv A-cp-‘-Xn tdmbv. k¿-Zm¿ ktcm-h¿ ]-≤-Xn°v F-Xn-tc ta[m-]-Sv-I¿ \-bn°p-∂ \¿-a-Z _®m-thm (\¿-a-Zsb c-£n-°q) {]t£m-`-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øv ]-cnÿn-Xn \m-isØ-bpw ]-≤-Xn _m-[n-X-cp-sS ]p\-c-[n-hm-k-sØbpw \-„-]-cn-lmc-sØ-bpw kw-_‘n-®v A-h¿ Z t{K-‰¿ tIm-a¨ Kp-Uv F-∂ te-J-\sa-gp-Xn-bn-´p-≠v. _p-°¿ k-Ωm-\ Xp-I-bpw X-s‚ ]pkv-X-I-Øn-s‚ tdm-b¬-‰n-bpw \¿-a-Z-sb c-£n-°q {]t£m-`-Øn-\v Zm-\w sN-bv-Xp-sIm-≠v P-\-lr-Z-b-ßfn¬ ÿm-\w-]n-Sn-®p. C-¥y 1998¬ \-S-Øn-b A-Wp-kv-t^m-S-\ ]-co-£W-sØ- i-‡-am-bn hn-a¿-in-®v cwK-Øp-h∂p. A-^vk¬ Kp-cp-hn-\v h-[-in-£ hn-[n-®Xn-s\Xntc {]-XnI-cn-°m-\pw A-cp-‘-Xn ap-∂n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. 2003¬ h-b-\m-Sv Pn-√-bn-se ap-Ø-ß-bn¬ t]m-enkpw B-Zn-hm-kn-I-fp-am-bp-≠m-b kw-L¿-j-Øn-s\Xn-tc tI-c-f ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bm-bn-cp-∂ F.-sI. B‚-Wn°v Xm-¶-fp-sS ssI-I-fn¬ c-‡w ]p-c-≠n-cn-°p-∂p F-∂ Xp-d-∂- I-Øv F-gp-Xn.- _p-°¿ k-Ωm-\-Øn-\p ]pdsa \nch-[n ]p-c-kv-Im-c-ßfpw e-`n®p.

ta-[m- ]-Sv-I¿ \¿-a-Zm _-®m-thm B-tμm-f≥ {]-ÿm-\-Øn-s‚ t]-cn-em-Wv C-¥y-bn-se {]-ap-J km-aq-ln-I-{]-h¿Ø-I-bm-b ta-[m -]-Sv-I¿ A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. apw-ss_bn¬ kzm-X-{¥y-k-a-c tk-\m-\n-bm-b h-k-¥v Jt\m¬-Im-dn-s‚-bpw Cμp-hn-s‚-bpw a-I-fm-bn 1954 Un-

kw-_¿ H-∂n-\m-Wv P-\-\w. Sm-‰ C≥-Ãn-‰yq-´v Hm-^v tkm-jy¬ k-b≥-k-kn¬-\n-∂pw tkm-jy¬-h¿°n¬ _n-cp-Zm-\-¥-c-_n-cp-Zw t\-Sn. \¿-a-Zm \-Zn-°p Ip-dp-sI \n¿-an-°p-∂ h-en-b A-W-s°-´p-Iƒ-s°Xn-tc B-Zn-hm-knI-sf-bpw ]-cnÿn-Xn-{]-h¿-ØI-sc-bpw I¿-j-Isc-bpw a-\p-jymh-Im-i {]-h¿-ØI-sc-bpw A-Wn\n-c-Øn-s°m-≠p≈ km-aq-ln-I apt∂-‰-am-Wv \¿-aZm _-®m-thm Btμm-f-≥. Kp-P-dmØn-eq-sS-bpw a[y-{]-tZ-in-eq-sSbpw H-gp-Ip-∂ \¿a-Zm-\-Zn-bn-se k¿-Zm¿ k-tcm-h¿ A-W-s°-´n-s\-Xntc-bm-Wv ta-[m- ]-Sv-I-dp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ k-a-cw \S-Øn-b-Xv. kw-L-S-\-bp-sS \n-cm-lm-c k-a-c-Øn-\p k-aq-l-Øn-s‚ \m-\m-Xp-d-I-fn¬ \n-∂p-≈-h¿ ]n-¥pW \¬-In. Bw-\-Ãn C-‚-¿-\m-j-\-en-s‚ lyq-a≥ ssd-‰v-kv Un-^≥-tUgvkv A-hm¿-Uv Dƒs∏sS \nch[n ]p-c-kv-Im-c߃ e-`n-®p.-

C-tdmw i¿-an-f Nm-\p h-S-°p-In-g-°≥ kw-ÿm-\-ß-fn-se In-cm-X \n-ba-am-b {]-tXy-I tk-\m-[n-Im-c \n-b-a(A-^v-kv-])Øn-s\-Xn-tc 13 h¿-jam-bn \n-cm-lm-c-k-a-cw \-S-Øp∂ a-Wn-∏q-cn-s‚ D-cp-°p h-\n-X-bmWv C-tdmw i¿-anf Nm\p. 1972 am¿®v 14\v a-Wn-∏q-cnse Cw-^m-en¬ P-\n® C-tdmw 2000 \-hw-_¿ c≠n-\m-Wv A-^vkv-]-bv-s°-Xn-tc k-‘n-bn-√m- k-ac-am-cw-`n-®-Xv. 2000 \-hw-_¿ c≠n-\v a-Wn-∏q-cnse Cw-^m-en¬ _-kv Im-Øp-\n¬-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ 10 t]¿ km-bp-[tk-\-bp-sS shSn-tb-‰p a-cn-®p. a-temw Iq-´-s°m-e F-∂m-Wv Cu kw`-hw A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. a-Wn-∏q-cn-se C-¥y≥ A¿-[ssk-\n-I hn-`m-K-am-b A-kw ssd-^nƒ-km-Wv {]-Xnÿm-\-Øp-≈-Xv. 1988se \m-j-\¬ ssN¬-Uv t{_-h-dn A-hm¿-Uv t\-Sn-b kn-\mw N-{μ-a-Wnbpw A-∂p sIm-√-s∏-´-hcn¬ Dƒ-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. C-Xn-s\-Øp-S¿-∂m-Wv A-^v-kv-

] ]n≥-h-en-°p-∂-Xp h-sc \n-cm-lm-c-a-\p-jvTn-°psa-∂p {]-Xn-⁄ sN-bv-Xv C-tdmw i¿-an-f k-a-c-am-cw`n-®-Xv. F-∂m¬, B-fl-l-Xym-{i-aw Np-a-Øn C-tdman-s\ t]m-en-kv A-d-Ãv sN-bv-Xv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te°p am-‰p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-hn-sS-bpw \n-cm-lm-cw XpS¿-∂ C-tdm-an-s‚ aq-°n-eq-sS Syq-_n-´v {Z-h-cq-]-Ønep-≈ B-lm-cw _-e-am-bn \¬-Ip-I-bm-Wn-t∏mƒ. tem-I {i-≤ ]n-Sn-®p-]-‰n-b Cu k-a-cw 13mw h¿-j-Ønepw Xp-S¿-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv C-tdmw. a\pjym-h-Im-i-Øn-\p-≈ \n-ch-[n ]p-c-kv-Im-c-߃ e`n-®n-´p≠v.

c-Po-μ¿ k-®m¿ U¬-ln ssl-t°m-S-Xn-bp-sS ap≥ No-^v P-Ãn-kmWv P-Ãn-kv c-Po-μ¿ k-®m¿. sF-Iy-cm-{„-k-`-bp-sS {]-tam-j≥ B‚ v s{]m-´-Iv-j≥ Hm-^v lyq-a≥ ssd-‰vkv k-_v I-Ωo-j≥ Aw-Kw Iq-Sn-bm-b C-t±-lw cm-PyØpw A-¥m-cm{„ cw-K-Øpw Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂ a-\pjym-h-Im-i {]h¿-Ø-I≥ Iq-Snbm-Wv. C-¥y-bnse ap-kv-enw-I-fpsS km-aq-ln-I, km-º-Øn-I, hnZym-`ym-k cw-KsØ ]n-∂m-°mh- ÿ - s b- ° p- d n®p ]Tn-® k-®m¿ I-Ωn-‰nbpsS A[y-£-\pw P-Ãnkv c-Po-μ¿ k-®m¿ B-bn-cp-∂p. ]o-∏nƒ-kv bq-\n-b≥ t^m¿ kn-hn¬ en-_¿-´o-kn-(]n.-bp.-kn.-F¬.-)\p th≠n 1990 G-{]n¬ 22\p X-øm-dm-°n-b dn-t]m¿-´v Hm¨ I-iv-ao¿ kn-‰p-th-j≥ B-Wv ]u-c kzm-X-{¥y-Øn-\p th-≠n-bp-≈ k-®m-dn-s‚ B-Zy Zu-Xyw. 1993se a-\pjym-h-Im-i \n-b-aw hn-e-bn-cp-Øp-∂-Xn-\m-bn \n-b-an® D-∂-X-X-e D-]-tZ-i-I k-an-Xn-bp-sS A-[y-£-\mbn-cp-∂p k-®m¿. 2003 G-{]n-en¬ au-en-Im-h-Im-i-ßsf C-√m-Xm-°p-∂ t]m-´ d-±m-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏-´v k-®m¿ ]n.-bp.-kn.-F-√n-\m-bn kp-{]nw-tIm-S-Xn-bn-seØn. 2004 \-hw-_¿ 10\v t]m-´ \n-b-aw k¿-°m¿ ]n≥h-en-®p. F-∂m¬, ]n-∂o-Sv \n-e-hn¬h-∂ \n-b-a-hn-cp≤-{]-h¿-Ø-\w X-S-b¬ \n-b-a(bp.-F.-]n.-F.-)Øn¬ t]m-´-bp-sS Nn-e h-Ip-∏p-Iƒ Iq-Sn Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xns\-Xn-tc k-®m¿ ho-≠pw cw-K-sØ-Øn-.

tUm. _n-\m-b-Iv sk≥ ]n.-bp.-kn.-F¬.- tZ-io-b D-]m-[y-£-\m-Wv dm-bv]q-cn¬-\n-∂p-≈ Cu in-ip-tcm-K hn-Z-Kv-[≥. O-Øokv-K-Un-se {Km-ao-W ta-J-e-I-fn-em-Wv _n-\m-b-Iv sk≥ B-Xp-c-tk-h-\w \-S-Øn-bn-cp-∂-Xv. k¿-°m¿

ta-J-e-bn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-°p-tºmƒ X-s∂ am-thm-hmZn hn-cp-≤ Hm-]-td-j-\p-I-fn-se a-\p-jym-h-Im-i ewL-\-{]-h¿-Ø-\-߃-s°-Xn-tc _n-\m-b-Iv sk≥ k¿-°m-cn-s\ hn-a¿-in-®p. 2007¬ O-Øo-kv-K-Un-se s]m-Xp kp-c-£m \n-b-aw 2005, \n-b-a-hn-cp-≤-{]-h¿Ø-\w X-S-b¬ \n-b-aw(bp.-F.-]n.-F.-) F-∂n-h {]Im-cw a-mthm-hm-Zn-I-sf ]n-¥p-W-®p-sh-∂ Ip-‰-Øn\p _n-\m-b-Iv sk-∂n-s\ A-d-Ãv sN-bv-Xp. dm-bv-]q¿ sk-j≥-kv tImS-Xn-bpw O-Øokv-K-Uv sslt°m-S-Xn-bpw sk-∂n-\p Pm-ayw \n- t j- [ n- s ®- ¶ nepw 2009 sa-bv 25\p kp-{]nw-tImS-Xn Pm-ay-a-\p-hZn-®p. kw-ÿm-\Øn-s\-Xn-tc bp≤w sN-øp-∂ amthm- h m- Z n- I - s f k- l m- b n- ® - X n- \ v cm- P y- t {Zm- l - ° p‰-w Np-a-Øn 2010¬ dm-bv-]q¿ sk-j≥-kv tIm-S-Xn _n-\m-b-Iv sk-∂n-s\ Po-h-]-cy-¥w X-S-hpin-£-bv-°p hn-[n-®p. F-∂m¬, 2011¬ kp-{]nw-tIm-S-Xn sk-∂n-\p Pm-ayw A-\p-h-Zn®p. am-thm-hm-Zn hn-cp-≤ kw-L-S-\-bm-b k¬-hm-PpZqw \n-c-]-cm-[n-I-fpw \n-cm-bp-[-cp-am-b km-[m-c-W°m-sc sIm-s∂m-Sp-°p-I-bm-sW-∂p _n-\m-b-Iv sk≥ I-s≠-Øn-bn-cp-∂p.

So-kv-X sk-‰¬-hm-Zv cm-Py-sØ {]-ap-J ]u-cm-h-Im-i {]-h¿-Ø-I-bpw ]-{X-{]-h¿-Ø-I-bp-am-b So-kv-X sk-‰¬-hm-Zv 1962¬ KpPdm-Øn¬ P-\n-®p. Kp-P-dm-Øn-se h¿-Ko-b I-em] C-c-Iƒ-°p \o-Xn e-`y-am-°p-∂-Xn-\m-bn t]m-cm-Sp∂ kn-‰n-k¨-kv t^m¿ P-Ãn-kv B‚ v ]o-kv(kn.sP.-]n.-) F-∂ kw-L-S-\-bp-sS sk-{I-´-dn-bm-Wv Ct∏mƒ So-kv-X sk-‰¬-hm-Zv. 2002se I-em-]-Øn¬ Kp-P-dm-Øv ap-Jy-a-{¥n \-tc-{μ-tam-Un-bp-sS-bpw a-‰p 62 cm-{„o-b-°m-cp-sS-bpw k¿-°m¿ Po-h-\-°m-cp-sSbpw ]-¶v ]p-d-Øp-sIm-≠p-h-c-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏-´v ka¿-∏n-® l-c-Pn-bn¬ kn.-sP.-]n-bpw ]-¶ptN¿-∂n-´p≠v. C-Xn¬ am-b sIm-Uv-\m-\n-bpw _m-_p _-Pv-cw-Knbpw in-£n-°-s∏-´p. 1983¬ ^n-tem-k-^n-bn¬ t_mw-s_ k¿-h-I-emim- e - b n¬- \ n- ∂ p _n-cp-Zw t\-Sn-b So-kv-X apw-ss_bn-se Z sU-bv-en Zn- \ - ] - { X- Ø n¬ dn- t ]m¿- ´ - d m- b mWv {]-h¿-Ø-\am-cw-`n-®-Xv. ]n∂o-Sv Z C-¥y≥ F-Iv-kv-{]-kn-epw _n-kn-\-kv C¥y am-kn-I-bnepw {]-h¿-Øn®p. Xp-S¿-∂v So-kvX-bpw `¿-Øm-hv Pm-th-Zv B-\-μpw I- Ω yq- W - e n- k w tImw-_m-‰v F-∂ am-kn-I B-cw-`n-®p. ]n-∂o-Sv apwss_-bn-se {]-ap-J hy-‡n-I-sf-°q-Sn tN¿-Øm-Wv 2002 G-{]n¬ H-∂n-\p kn.-sP.-]n-°p cq-]w\¬-In-bXv. {]-am-Z-am-b s_-Ãv t_-°-dn tI-kv a-lm-cm-{„-bnte-°p am-‰n ]p-\-c-t\z-jn-°m≥ 2004 G-{]n-en¬ kp{]nw-tIm-S-Xn D-Ø-c-hn-´-Xp kn.-sP.-]n-bp-sS {]-h¿Ø-\-Øns‚ ^e-am-bmWv. ]-fl-{io Dƒs∏sS \n-ch-[n ]p-c-kv-Im-c-߃ e-`n-®p.-

j-_v-\w lm-jv-an 1957¬ A-en-K-Un¬ P-\n-® j-_v-\w lm-jv-an 20 h¿-j-Øn-te-sd-bm-bn a-\p-jym-h-Im-i cw-K-Øp {]h¿-Øn-®p h-cp-I-bm-Wv. 1989¬ sX-cp-hp-\m-S-Iw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS sIm-√-s∏-´ k-tlm-Z-c≥ k^v-Z-dn-s‚ Hm¿-a-bn¬ I-em-Im-c≥-am-sc-bpw _p-≤nPo-hn-I-sf-bpw Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn j-_v-\w lm-jv-an cq-]w\¬-In-b {]-ÿm-\-am-Wv k-lv-a-Xv (k-^v-Z¿ lm-jvan sa-tΩm-dn-b¬ {S-Ãv). Kp-P-dm-Øv I-em-]-Øn-\p tij-am-Wv ^m-jn-Ãv e-£y-ß-sf X-I¿-°p-∂-Xn-\mbn H-cp X-øm-sd-Sp-∏p th-W-sa-∂v lm-jv-an-°p tXm∂n-b-Xv. Xp-S¿-∂p cq-]w-sIm-≠ {]-ÿm-\-am-Wv BIv-‰v \u t^m¿ lm¿-a-Wn B‚ v sU-tam-{I-kn(A≥l-Zv) F-∂ k¿-°m-cn-X-c kw-L-S-\. 2003 am¿-®n-embn-cp-∂p A≥-l-Zv ]n-d-hn-sb-Sp-Ø-Xv. ^-≠v t\m-°m-sX H-‰-bv-°p {]-h¿-Øn-®v A≥-lZn-s\ i-‡-am-b H-cp kw-L-S-\-bm-bn h-f¿-Øm≥ lm-jv-an-°m-bn. tem-I-bp-≤-Øn-s‚-bpw kzm-X-{¥yk-a-c-Øn-s‚-bpw I-Y-Iƒ tI-´ph-f¿-∂ lm-jv-an-bn¬ B≥-{^m-¶ns‚ U-b-dn-°p-dn∏p-I-fp-sS ]p-kvX-I-am-Wv G-‰hpw kzm-[o-\w sN- e p- Ø n- b - X v . ]n-∂o-Sv ]-g-b bp.F- k v . - F - k v . - B dn¬ B-dp h¿-jw ]T-\w \-S-Øn. Xn-cn-®p \m-´n-seØn ap-kv-enw s]¨- I p- ´ n- I ƒ°p hn-Zym-`ym-kw \¬-Ip-∂ {]-h¿Ø-\-ß-fn-te-°p Xn-cn-™p. A-hnsS h-®p ]-cn-N-bs∏-´ Ku-l¿ dm-k F-∂ F≥-Pn-\o-b-sd 1985¬ hnhm-lw I-gn-®p. kv-{Xo hn-Zym-`ym-kw, ]-cn-ÿn-Xn {]iv-\-߃, Ip-´n-I-fp-sS hn-Zym-`ym-kw, kv-{Xo-Iƒ-s°Xn-cm-b A-{I-aw, Z-sØ-Sp-°¬, Z-en-X-cp-sS A-h-Imi-߃ Xp-S-ßn-b cw-K-Øv {]-h¿-Øn-®p. Kp-P-dm-Øv I-em-]-Øn-\p ti-jw _-em¬-kw-K Cc-Iƒ-°p th-≠ k-lm-b-sa-Øn-°m-\pw a-‰pw hn-Zq-c {Km-a-߃ lm-jv-an k-μ¿-in-®p. C-Xp-am-bn _-‘s∏-´v lm-jv-an-bpw Ku-l-dpw H-cp tUm-Iyp-sa‚-dn-bpw ]p-d-Øn-d-°n. kp-lr-Øp-°ƒ h-gn-bpw kw-L-S-\ hgn-bpw I-em-]-_m-[n-X¿-°p Zp-cn-Xm-izm-k-hpw ]p-\-c[n-hm-k-hpw lm-jv-an e-`y-am-°n. \n-c-h-[n X-h-W-bmWv lm-jv-an B-{I-an-°-s∏-´-Xv. h¿-Ko-b i-‡n-I-sf ]-cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-Ø-W-sa-∂mh-iy-s∏-´p-sIm-≠p-≈ A≥-l-Zn-s‚ cm-Py-sam-´m-sIbp-≈ {]-Nm-c-W ]-cn-]m-Sn-sb-Øp-S¿-∂p hn-iz-ln-μp ]-cn-j-Øv A-h¿-°p t\-sc B-{I-a-Ww \-S-Øn. F∂m¬, ]-cn-t°-s‰-¶n-epw A-h¿ Zu-Xy-Øn¬\n-∂p ]n≥-am-dn-bn-√.

ap-Ip-μ≥ kn. ta-t\m≥ C-¥y-bn-se {]-ap-J a-\p-jym-h-Im-i {]-h¿-ØI\m-bn-cp-∂ ap-Ip-μ≥ kn. ta-t\m≥ 1948 \-hw-_¿ 21\v Xr-iq¿ Pn-√-bn-se h-S-°m-t©-cn-bn-se sN-º-It»-cn-bn-em-Wp P \ -- n-®Xv. ]n.-bp.-kn.-F¬.-, tIcf knhn¬ en_¿´okv IΩn‰n, \m-j-\¬ tIm¨-s^U-td-j≥ Hm-^v lyq-a≥ ssd-‰v-kv Hm¿-K-ss\-tkj≥kv (F≥.-kn.-F-®v.-B¿.-H.-) F-∂n-h-bp-sS ÿm]-Imw-K-ß-fn-sem-cm-fm-Wv. 1970I-fn¬ U¬-ln-bn¬ ]-{X-{]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-bn {]-h¿-Øn-°p-tºm-gm-Wv a-\pjym-h-Im-i {]-h¿-Ø-\-ß-fn¬ k-Po-h-am-bn cw-KØn-d-ßp-∂-Xv. 80I-fn¬ tI-c-f-Øn¬ a-S-ßn-sb-Øn-

3

b ta-t\m≥ tX-P-kv ssZzhm-cn-I-bpsS I¨k-ƒ-´‚ v FUn-‰dpw ]n∂oSv tX-P-kv Zn-\-]-{X-Øn-s‚ dkn-U‚ v F-Un-‰-dpambn ]{X{]-h¿-Ø-\- cwKØv apgp-In. 2005 Un-kw-_¿ 12\v A-¥-cn-°p-∂-Xp h-sc F≥.-kn.-F-®v.-B¿.-H-bp-sS sk-{I-´-dn P-\-d-em-bn-cp∂p ta-t\m≥. am-[y-a-ß-fn-se kw-L-]-cn-hm-c `o-I-cX-bv-s°-Xn-tc-bpw ln-μp-Xz ^m-jn-k-Øn-s\-Xn-tcbpw i-‡-am-bn {]-Xn-I-cn®p. A-Sn-b-¥-cm-hÿ-°m-e-Øv Pbn¬-hm-k-a-\p-`hn-®p. A-–p¬ \m-k¿ a-Av-Z-\n°p \o-Xn e-`n-°p∂-Xn-\m-bn A-t±lw ]-cn-{i-an-®n-cp∂p. U¬-ln-bn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n-cp-∂ Im- e - L - ´ - Ø n¬ A-tkm-kn-tbj≥ t^m-¿ s{]m´-Iv-j≥ Hm-^v sU-tam-{Im-‰n-Iv ssd-‰v-kv-(F.-]n.-Un.-B¿.-) cq-]o-Icn®p s]m-Xp-P-\-ß-fn¬ A-h-t_m-[w h-f¿-Øm≥ {]Nm-c-W-]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ \-S-Øn. A¬-P-ko-d, sd-Un-^v \yq-kv, C-¥y-≥ I-d‚ vk - v, an-√n-Kk - ‰ - v Xp-Sß - n-bh - b - n¬ tIm-f-an-Ãm-bn-cp-∂p. 1980se `-K¬-]q¿ Iq-´-s°m-e, 1984-se kn-Jv Iq-´s - °m-e F-∂n-h dn-t]m¿-´v sN-bvX - p. Z-en-Xv, ]n-∂m-°, tKm-{X hn-`m-Kß - ƒ-s°-Xn-tc-bp-≈ A-Xn-{I-a-߃ X-S-bp-∂-Xn-\m-bn i-–-ap-b¿-Øn. 1999se an-Un¬ Cu-Ãv a-eb - m-fn A-tkm-kn-tb-js - ‚ a-\p-jym-h-Im-i ]p-c-kv-Im-cw e-`n-®p. ap-Ip-μ≥ kn. ta-t\m-s‚ Hm¿-a-bv-°m-bn F≥.-kn.-F-®v.-B¿.-H. G¿s∏-Sp-Øn-b ap-Ip-μ≥ kn. ta-t\m≥ ]p-c-kv-Im-cw 2012¬ Iq-Sw-Ip-fw B-W-h-\n-e-b hn-cp-≤ k-a-c-{]-h¿Ø-I≥ F-kv. ]n. D-Z-b-Ip-am-dn-\m-Wv e-`n-®-Xv.

t{Km hm-kp {]-ap-J a-\p-jym-h-Im-i {]-h¿-Ø-I-\pw sXm-gn-emfn kw-L-S-\m t\-Xm-hp-am-Wv t{Km hm-kp F-∂ Abn-\q¿ hm-kp. 1930em-Wv P-\-\w. am-hq¿ Kzm-fn-tbm¿ d-tbm¨-kv ^m-Iv-S-dn-bn-se sXm-gn-em-fn {]-t£m-`w \-bn-®-tXm-sS-bm-Wv C-t±-l-Øn-\v t{Km hm-kp F-∂ t]-cv e-`n-®-Xv. ^m-Œ-dn A-S-®p-]q-´nbXn-s\-Xntc \-S∂ k-a-c-߃ ^-e-h-Øm-hm-Xn-cp-∂ L-´-Øn-¬ t{Km hm-kp k-a-cØn-s‚ t\-XrXzw G-s‰-Sp-Øp. 30 Zn-h-k-tØm-fw hm-kp-hn-s‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ \n-cmlm-c k-a-cw \-S∂p. 1970¬ \-Ivk-¬ h¿-Ko-kv sIm-√-s∏-´ Xn-cps\-√n h-\-Ønse am-thm-hm-Zn th-´-sb Xp-S¿-∂v ]n-Sn-°-s∏-´ t{Kmhm-kp G-g-c h¿jw I-Æq¿ sk≥-{S-¬ P-bn-en¬ G-Im-¥ X-S-h-\p-`-hn-®p. tIm-b-º-Øq¿ kv-t^m-S-\t°-kn¬ a-Av-Z-\n-°p-th-≠n a-Av-Z-\n \n-b-a-k-lmb k-an-Xn cq-]o-I-cn-®v {]-h¿-Øn-® t{Km hm-kp, tZio-b a-\p-jym-h-Im-i G-tIm-]-\ k-an-Xn tI-c-f (F≥.-kn.-F-®v.-B¿.-H.-) kw-k-Ym-\ A-[y-£-\p-ambn-cp-∂p. tkm-jy¬ sU-tam-{Im-‰n-Iv ]m¿-´n Hm-^v C¥y-bp-sS(F-kv.-Un.-]n.-sF.-) sXm-gn-em-fn {]-ÿm-\am-b tkm-jy¬ sU-tam-{Im-‰n-Iv t{S-Uv bq-\n-b≥ (Fkv.-Un.-Sn.-bp.) kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚m-Wv.-


CMYK

CMYK

4 9 Unkw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

9 Unkw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

a\p-jy-À-¡p−v Nn-e A-h-Im-i߃

CMYK

sS km-º-Øn-I-˛-km-aqln-I k-an-Xn I-s≠-Øn. C-Xn-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn-emWv A-¥m-cm-{„ a-\p-jym-h-Imi \n-b-aw \n¿-an-°m≥ sF-Iy-cm{„ k-` Xo-cp-am-\n-®-Xv. C-Xn-\m-bn A-ta-cn-°≥ {]-knU‚m-bn-cp-∂ {^m-¶v-fn≥ dq-kvsh¬-‰n-s‚ ]-Xv\n-bpw bp.-F≥.-H-bnse bp.-F-kv. {]-Xn-\n-[n-bp-am-b A∂ F-en-t\m¿ dq-kv-sh¬-‰v A-[y-£-bm-bn I-Ωo-j≥ Hm¨ lyq-a¨ ssd-‰v-kv F∂ H-cp k-an-Xn-°v cq-]w-\¬-Ip-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. Cu k-an-Xn X-øm-dm-°n-b dn-t]m¿-´mWv 1948 Un-kw-_¿ 10\v bp.-F≥. P-\-d¬ A-kw-ªn B-tKm-f a-\p-jym-h-Im-i {]Jym-]-\-am-bn Aw-Ko-I-cn-®-Xv. Cu Zn-hk-am-Wv tem-I a-\p-jym-h-Im-i Zn-\-ambn B-N-cn-°p-∂-Xv.

a-\p-jym-N-hc-I mi n-{Xw ]u-cm-Wn-I t]¿-jy-bn-se cm-Pmhm-bn-cp-∂ ssk-d-kv B-c 539¬ _m_n-tem-Wn-b≥ \-K-cw Io-g-S-°n Ahn-sS-bp-≈ A-Sn-a-I-sf tam-Nn-∏n-®v \S-Øn-b {]-Jym-]-\-am-Wv B-Zy-sØ a-\p-jym-h-Im-i {]-Jym-]-\-am-bn Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. C-Xv kn-en-≠¿ B-IrXn-bn¬ Np-s´-Sp-Ø I-fn-a¨ I-´-bn¬ B-t°-Un-b≥ `m-j-bn¬ tc-J-s∏-SpØn-bn-´p-≠v. B-tKm-f a-\p-jym-h-Imi {]-Jym-]-\-Øn-se B-Zy 4 B¿-´n°n-fp-I-fn¬ C-Xn-se B-i-b-߃ Dƒ-s°m-≈n-®n-´p-≠v.

hn-hn-[ L-S-I-߃

B-tKm-f a-\p-jym-h-Im-i {]Jym-]-\-Øn-s‚ B-ap-J-Øn¬ Hm-tcm hy-‡n-bp-sS-bpw A-¥ pw kp-c-£-bpw D-d-∏m-°n F√m-h¿-°pw Xp-ey A-f-hn¬ A-hIm-i-ß-fpw kzm-X-{¥y-hpw \¬Ip-I-bpw kzm-X-{¥y-hpw \o-Xnbpw k-am-[m-\-hpw D-d-∏m-°p-Ibpw sN-ø-W-sa-∂p \njvI¿jn°p-∂p. a-X-hn-izm-kw, kz-Im-cyX, A-`n-{]m-b-{]-I-S-\w F-∂n-hbv-°p-≈ kw-c-£-Ww, \n-b-akw-c-£-Ww, hn-Zym-`ym-k-Øn-\p-

_m-_ Bw-tX-

≈ A-h-Im-iw, Ip-‰-hm-fn F-∂p sX-fn-bn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xp h-sc \n-c]-cm-[n-bm-bn ]-cn-K-Wn-°-s∏-Sm\p-≈ A-h-Im-iw, A-\ym-b-am-bn X-S-¶-en¬ ]m¿-∏n-°n-√ F-∂v D-d∏p-h-cp-ج Xp-S-ßn-b-h C-Xns‚ A-\p-t—-Z-ß-fn¬ hn-h-cn-°p∂p-≠v. A-\p-t—-Zw 26¬ hn-Zym-`ymkw G-sXm-cp ]u-c-s‚-bpw A-hIm-i-am-bn hn-e-bn-cp-Ø-s∏-Sp∂p. Cu {]-Jym-]-\-Øn-se \n-ba-ß-sf-√mw s]m-Xp-hm-bn AwKo-I-cn-°-s∏-´ A-¥m-cm-{„ \nb-a-ß-fm-sW-¶n-epw C-h Aw-KoI-cn-®n-s√-¶n¬ bp.-F-∂n-se Aw-K-cm-{„-߃-°p ta¬ \n-b-a]-c-am-bn H-∂pw sN-øm≥ I-gn-bp∂n-s√-∂-Xv C-Xn-s‚ {]-[m-\ \yq-\-X-I-fn-sem-∂m-Wv. A©ph¿-jw Iq-Sp-tºmƒ A¥m-cm-{„ X-e-Øn¬ a-\p-jym-hIm-i-Øn-\p-≈ A-hm¿-Uv \¬Im-dp-≠v. 1988¬ C-¥y≥ Po-hIm-cp-Wy {]-h¿-Ø-I≥ _m-_ Bw-tX-bv-°v Cu A-hm¿-Uv e-`n®n-cp-∂p.

bp.-F-∂n-s‚ a-\p-jym-h-Im-i {]-h¿Ø-\-ß-sf G-tIm-]n-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\mbn P-\o-h B-ÿm-\-am-bn H-cp a-\p-jymh-Im-i tI-{μw ÿm-]n-®n-´p-≠v. a-\pjym-h-Im-i-ß-fp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´ ]T\-߃, dn-t]m¿-´p-Iƒ, {]-kn-≤o-I-c-W߃ F-∂n-h-bv-°m-Wv Cu tI-{μw ap≥Xq-°w \¬-Ip-∂-Xv. Hm-^n-kv Hm-^v Zn bp.-F≥. ssl-°-Ωo-j-W¿ t^m¿ lyq-a¨ ssd-‰v F-∂m-Wn-t∏mƒ Cu tI-{μw A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. a-\p-jym-h-Im-i-ß-fp-sS kw-c-£-WØn-\pw ]p-tcm-K-Xn-°p-am-bn bp.-F≥. P\-d¬ A-kw-ªn 1946 s^-{_p-h-cn 12\v a\p-jym-h-Im-i I-Ωo-j≥ cq-]o-I-cn-®p.

53 cm-{„-ß-fn-se Aw-K-߃ Dƒ-s°m≈p-∂ I-Ωo-j-≥, F-√m h¿-j-hpw tbmKw-tN¿-∂v a-\p-jym-h-Im-i {]-iv-\-ßsf-°p-dn-®p-≈ dn-t]m¿-´p-Iƒ sF-Iy-cm{„-k-`-bp-sS P-\-d¬ A-kw-ªn-°v ssIam-dp-I-bm-Wp sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. F-∂m¬, 2006 am¿-®v 15\v a-\p-jym-h-Im-i I-Ωo-js‚ {]-h¿-Ø-\-߃ A-h-km-\n-∏n-®p sIm-≠v bp.-F≥. P-\-d¬ A-kw-ªn-bpsS A-\p-_-‘ hn-`m-K-am-bn a-\p-jym-hIm-i Iu¨-kn¬ cq-]o-I-cn-®p. kv-{Xo-Ifp-sS D-b¿-® e-£y-am-°n 1946¬ Commission on the status of women F-∂ t]-cn¬ I-Ωo-j≥ cq-]o-I-cn-®v {]-h¿-Ø-\w \-S∂p-h-cp-∂p-≠v.

Im¿-´-bn¬ \n¿-_-‘n-®v H-∏n-Sphn-®p. {]-`p-°-∑m¿-°v A-h-Im-iß-fp-sS kzm-X-{¥y-hpw A-\p-hZn-®p-sIm-≠v cm-Pm-hv H-∏n-´p \¬In-b {]-am-W-am-Wv am-·m-Im¿-´. 1628¬ {_n-´n-jv ]m¿-e-sa‚ v Xøm-dm-°n Nmƒ-kv H-∂m-a-\v A-b®p-sIm-Sp-Ø ]u-c-kzm-X-{¥ym-hIm-i-߃ ]n-∂o-Sv A-h-Im-i \nth-Z-\w F-∂ t]-cn¬ A-dn-b-s∏Sp-I-bpw a-\p-jym-h-Im-i N-cn-{XØn¬ C-Sw-t\-Sp-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. 1776se A-ta-cn-°≥ kzm-X-{¥y {]-Jym-]-\w, 1789se A-ta-cn°≥ _n¬ Hm-^v ssd-‰v-kv Xp-Sßn-b-h-bpw a-\p-jym-h-Im-i N-cn{X-Øn¬ ÿm-\w ]n-Sn-®n-´p-≠v. 1789se {^-©v hn-π-hw kzm-X{¥yw, k-a-Xzw, km-tlm-Z-cyw F∂o a-\p-jym-h-Im-i aq-ey-߃°v Du-∂¬ \¬-In-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

]oU\Øn\v Cc-bm-hp-∂-h¿°va-\p-jym-hIm-i I-Ωoj-\v ]-cm-Xn \¬-Imw. I-Ωo-j≥ kz-ta-[-bmbpw tI-sk-Sp-°m-dp≠v. Hcmƒ°p-th≠n as‰m-cmƒ ]cmXn \¬In-bmepw aXn

Bw-\-Ìn CâÀ-\m-j-\ a-\p-jym-h-Im-i-߃-°p th-≠n t]m-cmSm-\pw [zw-k-\w X-S-bm-\pw hn-hn-[ cm-Py-ßfn¬ \n-c-h-[n a-\p-jym-h-Im-i kw-L-S-\Iƒ {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂p-≠v. B-tKm-fm-Sn-ÿm\-Øn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂ G-‰-hpw h-en-b a\p-jym-h-Im-i kw-L-S-\-bm-Wv Bw-\-Ãn C‚¿-\m-j-\¬. 1961¬ cq-]o-Ir-X-am-b kwL-S-\-bp-sS B-ÿm-\w e-≠-\m-Wv. sk-{I-t´-dn-b-‰pw A-¥m-cm-{„ F-Iv-knIyq-´o-hv I-Ωn-‰n-bp-am-Wv kw-L-S-\-bp-sS {]h¿-Ø-\-߃ \n-b-{¥n-°p-∂-Xv. 150 cm-Pyß-fn-em-bn 30 e-£w Aw-K-߃ C-∂v kwL-S-\-bn-ep-≠v.

2011¬ kw-L-S-\-bp-sS 50mw hm¿-jn-Iw hn]p-e-am-bn B-tLm-jn-®n-cp-∂p. kw-L-S-\ {]-[m-\-am-bpw {i-≤ tI-{μo-I-cn-°p-∂ hnjb-߃ Ch-bmWv: kv-{Xo-Iƒ, Ip-´n-Iƒ, \yq-\-]-£-߃ F-∂o hn-`m-K-ß-fp-sS A-h-Im-i-߃°pth-≠n  ]o-U-\-߃-s°-Xn-tc  h-[-in-£ F-Sp-Øp-I-f-bp-I  A-`-bm¿-Yn {]-iv-\w  X-S-hp-Im-cp-sS A-h-Im-i kw-c-£-Ww  a-\p-jy-s‚ am-lm-flyw kw-c-£n-°p-I

Ip-´n-I-fp-sS 1989 \-hw-_¿ 20\m-Wv bp.-F≥.-H. Ip-´n-I-fp-sS A-h-Im-i I¨-h≥-j≥ \-S-Øp-∂-Xv. F-∂m¬, 1959¬ X-s∂ Ip-´n-I-fp-sS A-h-Im-i {]-Jym-]-\w \S-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. hm¬-k-eyw, kzm-X{¥yw, k-am-[m-\w, k-a-`m-h-\, k-lm\p-`q-Xn F-∂n-h-bn-eq-∂n Ip-´n-I-fp-sS hy-‡n-Xz-hn-I-k-\w D-d-∏p-h-cp-Øm≥ am-Xm-]n-Xm-°-tfm-Spw k-aq-l-tØm-Spw A-h-Im-i {]-Jym-]-\w B-lzm-\w sNøp-∂p. hy-‡n-Xz-kw-c-£-Ww, am-Xm]n-Xm-°-fn¬ \n-∂v th¿-s]-Sm-Xn-cn-°m\p-≈ A-h-Im-i-w, B-tcm-Ky-Øn-\p-≈ A-h-Im-iw, hn-Zym-`ym-k-Øn-\p-≈ Ah-Im-iw, hn-th-N-\-Øn¬-\n-∂p-≈

CMYK

e-£y-߃

a-\p-jym-h-Im-i N-cn-{X-Ønse \m-gn-I-°-√v F-∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ am-·m-Im¿-´ 1215em-Wv H-∏p-h®-Xv. Cw-•-≠n¬ A-∂v \n-e-hn-ep≠m-bn-cp-∂ `-c-W-X-Øz-ß-fn¬\n-∂v hy-Xn-N-en-®v tPm¨ cm-Pmhv A-[n-Im-cw ssI-bm-fn-b-t∏mƒ {]-`p-°-∑m¿ cm-Pm-hn-s\ a-·m-

CMYK

2013

Un-kw-_¿ 10 sF-Iy-cm-{„-k-`bp-sS A-¥m-cm-{„ a-\p-jym-h-Imi {]-Jym-]-\-Øn-s‚ 65mw hm¿jn-I-am-Wv. H-∂mw tem-I-bp-≤Øn-\p ti-j-ap-≠m-b ^m-jn-kw, \m-kn-kw Xp-S-ßn-b k-a-{Km-[n-]-Xy kn-≤m-¥-ß-fpw `-cW-co-Xn-I-fpw c-≠mw tem-I-bp-≤-Øn-s‚ sImSpw {Iq-c-X-I-fp-am-Wv tem-I-k-aq-l-Øn-s‚ a\p-jym-h-Im-i kw-c-£-W-Øn-te-°v B-tKmf {i-≤ ]-Xn-bm≥ C-S-bm-°n-b-Xv. C-Xn-s‚ `m-K-am-bn a-\p-jym-h-Im-i-ß-fpsS-bpw A-Sn-ÿm-\ kzm-X-{¥y-ß-fp-sS-bpw kw-c-£-W-hp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´ sF-Iy-cm-{„ k-`-bp-sS e-£y-߃ t\-Sn-sb-Sp-°-W-sa¶n¬ A-Xn-\p-th-≠n \n-b-a-hpw \n-b-aw \-S-∏m°-epw B-h-iy-am-sW-∂v 1946¬ bp.-F≥.-H-bp-

am-·m-Im¿-´

A-h-Im-i-߃

CMYK

F-kv. sam-bv-Xp

5

kw-c-£-Ww, a-b-°p-a-cp-∂n¬ \n-∂p≈ kw-c-£-Ww Xp-S-ßn-b-h {]-Jym]-\-ß-fn¬ Nn-e-Xm-Wv. Ip-´n-Iƒ-°p th-≠n hn-Zym-`ym-k A-h-Im-i \n-b-ahpw _m-e-th-e \n-tcm-[-\-\n-b-a-hpw \n-e-hn-ep-≠v. C-¥y-bn¬ tZ-io-b a-\p-jym-h-Im-i G-tIm-]-\ k-an-Xn, ]n.-bp.-kn.-F¬. Xp-S-ßn-b kw-L-S-\-Iƒ a-\p-jym-hIm-i- t]m-cm-´-ß-fp-sS ]m-X-bn¬ k-Poh-am-Wv. Ip-´n-I-fp-sS A-h-Im-i kw-c£-W-Øn-\v k¿-°m¿ ssI-s°m-≠ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ {]m-h¿-Øn-I-am-°p-∂-Xn-\v 2005¬ Ip-´n-I-fp-sS A-h-Im-i I-Ωo-j≥ cq-]o-I-cn-®p.


6 9 Unkw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

9 Unkw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

C-¥y-bn¬ {_n-´n-jv `-c-W-Im-ew C-¥y-bnse a-\p-jym-h-Im-i-ß-fp-sS I-dpØ Im-e-L-´w F-∂m-Wv A-dn-bs∏-Sp-∂-Xv. F-∂m¬, cm-Pyw kz-X{¥-am-b-tXm-sS `-c-W-L-S-\-bn¬ a-\p-jym-h-Im-i-ß-fpw A-Sn-ÿm\ kzm-X-{¥y-ß-fpw Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn. aq-∂mw A-[ym-b-Øn¬ A-h-Im-iß-sf-bpw kzm-X-{¥y-sØ-bpw kw_-‘n-®v hy-‡-am-bn {]-Xn-]m-Zn°p-∂p-≠v. a-\p-jym-h-Im-i-߃ ew-Ln-°-s∏-´m¬ {]m-h¿-Øn-I-am°p-∂-Xn-\v `-c-W-L-S-\ kp-{]nwtIm-S-Xn-°v A-[n-Im-c-hpw \¬-Inbn-´p-≠v.

" [zw-k-\-߃'

a-\p-jym-h-Im-i

sh

tZ-io-b a-\p-jym-h-Im-i I-½o-j³

Pkv-‰nkv sI.-Pn. _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥

kw-_¿ 11\m-Wv cq-]o-I-cn-®Xv. ssl-t°m-S-Xn No-^v P-Ãn-kv ]-Zhn-bn-en-cp-∂ B-fm-bn-cn-°-Ww sNb¿-am≥.

C-¥y-bn¬ a-\p-jym-h-Im-i kwc-£-Ww \-S-∏m-°p-∂-Xn-\m-Wv 1993 k-]v-Xw-_-dn¬ tZ-io-b a-\pjym-h-Im-i I-Ωo-j≥ cq-]o-I-cn-®Xv. kp-{]nw-tIm-S-Xn No-^v P-Ãn-kv ]-Z-hn h-ln-® B-fm-bn-cn-°-Ww IΩo-j≥ sN-b¿-am≥. A©v Aw-Kß-fn¬ aq∂pt]¿ hn-c-an-® \ym-bm[n-]≥-am-cm-bn-cn-°-Ww. c≠pt]-¿ a-\p-jym-h-Im-i hn-j-b-ß-fn¬ \n∂p-≈-h-cm-bn-cn-°pw. h-\n-Xm-I-Ωoj≥ A-[y-£, \yq-\-]-£ I-Ωoj≥ A-[y-£ F-∂n-h¿ A-\utZym-Kn-I Aw-K-ß-fm-Wv. a-e-bm-fnbm-b sI.-Pn. _m-e-Ir-jv-W-\m-Wv C-t∏m-g-sØ a-\p-jym-h-Im-i IΩo-j-≥ sN-b¿-am≥. I-Ωo-j-\v knhn-¬-tIm-S-Xn-bp-sS F-√m A-[n-Imc-ß-fp-ap-≠v. tI-c-f kw-ÿm-\ a\p-jym-h-Im-i I-Ωo-j≥ 1998 Un-

]-cm-Xn \Â-I-tWm?

B-Zy-tØ-Xv ssZ-h-Øn-\v!

a-\p-jy-\v t\-sc ]o-U\ - w \-S° - ptºmƒ ]o-U-\-Øn-\n-c-bm-b Btfm A-bmƒ-°p-th-≠n a-‰m-sc-¶n-eptam ]-cm-Xn \¬-In-bm-¬ I-Ωo-j≥ tI-sk-Sp-Øv \-S-]-Sn B-cw-`n-°pw. IΩo-j\v kzta-[bm tIsk-Sp-°pIbpw sN-ømw. H-cp h¿-j-Øn\p-≈n-¬ ]-cmXn \¬-In-bn-cn°-Ww. P-Ãn-kv sI.-_n tIm-inbm-Wv C-t∏m-gsØ kw-ÿm\ a-\p-jym-hIm-i I-Ωo-j≥ sN-b-¿-am≥. P-Ãn-kv tIm-in-

tKmX-ºv s]m-Sn-®p-≠m°n-b amhpw sh≈-hp-am-Wt√m sdm-´n-bp-sS {][m-\ tN-cp-h. A-Xn-\m¬X-s∂ sIm-bv-Øp Xp-S-ßp-∂-Xn\p ap-ºv tKm-X-ºn-s‚ B-Zy-sØ I-Xn¿ sNØn-sb-Sp-Øv H-cp Ip-e-bm-°n tZ-hm-e-bØn¬ h-bv-°p-∂ co-Xn Cw-•-≠nse ]-g-b sU-h≥-sj-b-dn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂p. tbm¿-°v sj-b-dn-em-hs´, BZy- tKmX-ºp I-Xn-cn¬\n-∂p ]p-tcm-ln-X≥ sdm-´n-bp-≠m-°pw. "IΩyq-Wn-b≥ sdm´n' F-∂m-Wn-Xn-\p t]¿.

a-\p-jym-h-Im-i-߃ tem-I-sa-ßpw l- \ n- ° - s ∏- ´ p- s Im- ≠ n- c n- ° p- I - b m- W v . tem-I-Øp \-S-∂ an-° k-a-c-ß-fpw a-\pjym-h-Im-i-߃ ew-Ln-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xns\-Xn-tc-bm-Wv. Ata-cn-°-bp-sS Io-gnep-≈ X-S-h-d-Ifm-b C-dm-Jn-se A-_qKp-ssd_v, Iyq_-bnse Kz-≠m-\tam F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn-¬ XS-hp]p-≈nI-sf {Iq-

D-Zm-l-c-W-ß-fm-Wv. cm-Py-kp-c-£-bp-sS a-d-hn¬ ssk-\yØn-\v {]-tXy-Im-[n-Im-c-߃ \¬-In a\p-jym-h-Im-i-߃ \n-tj-[n-°p-∂-Xns\-Xn-tc a-Wn-∏q-cn¬ h¿-j-ß-fm-bn ka-c-am-Wv. cm-Py-Øv a-\p-jym-h-Im-i kwc-£-W t]m-cm-´-ß-fn¬ G¿-s∏-Sp-∂h¿ ]o-Un-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-I-bpw X-S-¶-en-em-

Kz≠m\tam X-S-h-d-bn¬ \n-s∂m-cp Zriyw

cam-b ]o-U-\-߃-°m-Wv C-c-bm-°p∂Xv. A[n-\nthi ssk-\nI¿ ^ekvXo≥, A-^v-Km-\n-kv-Xm≥, C-dm-Jv Xp-Sßn-b cm-Py-ß-fn¬ \-SØp-∂ {Iq-c-XIfpw a-\p-jym-h-Im-i ew-L-\-ß-fp-sS

°-s∏-Sp-I-bpw sN-øp-∂-p. a-\p-jym-h-Im-i-߃ kw-c-£n-°s∏-Sp-∂-Xn-\v H-´-\-h-[n \n-b-a-߃ {]m_-ey-Øn-ep-s≠-¶n-epw ew-L-\-߃ h¿-[n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.

C¥y≥ k¿-°-knse Zp-c-¥ \m-bn-I Ip∂-Øq¿ cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥

-kv-a-b-I-cam-b A-`ym-k{]-I-S-\߃ h-gn Im-WnI-sf A-º-c-∏n-® H-´-\h-[n k¿°-kv I-em-Im-c-∑mcpw I-emIm-cn-Ifpw \-ap-°p≠v. F-∂m¬, tIm-em-]qcp-Im-cnbm-b Xm-cm-_m-bn- jn≥-sU-sb t]mse temIw Io-g-S°n-b a-s‰m-cp k¿°-kv h\n-X-bn√. K-p-kv-Xn-°m-c\m-b ]n-Xm-hn-s‚ DS-a-ÿ-X-bn-ep-≈ k¿°-kv I-º-\n-bn-em-bncp-∂p A-h¿ A-`ym-k-{]-I-S-\-߃ \-S-Ønbn-cp-∂Xv. Xm-cm-_m-bn-°v 19 h-b- m-bt∏mƒ ]n-Xm-hv a-cn®p. ]n-s∂ I-º-\n-bp-sS Npa-X-e A-h-cn-em-bn. i-co-c-Øn¬ B\-sb I-b-‰p-I, Hm-Sp-∂ Im¿ ssIsIm-≠v X-S-™p\n¿-Øp-I, amdpsIm-≠v I√p-S-bv°p-I XpS-ßn A-h¿ Im-Wn® A-`ym-k-߃ Im-WnI-sf hn-kv-a-bn-∏n®p. ]p-en-bp-sS hm-bn¬ X-e-bn-d-°n-bp-≈ A-]I-Sw]n-Sn-® A-`ym-k-am-bn-cp-∂p Xm-cm-_m-bnbp-sS G-‰hpw km-l-kn-Iam-b {]-I-S-\w. Xm-cm-_m-bn-bp-sS {]-I-S-\-Øn¬ A-kq-

bm-ephm-b `p-Pw-K-dm-hp F-∂ k-l A-`ymkn Ah-sc h-I-h-cp-Øm≥ Xo-cp-am-\n®p. ]pen-°v A-bmƒ a-b-°p-a-cp-∂v \¬In. ]-Xn-hpt]m-se Xm-cm-_m-bv X-e ]p-en-bp-sS h-m-bv°-I-Øm°n. s]-s´-∂v Ft¥m A-km-[m-cWXzw A-\p-`-h-s∏-´ A-h¿ ]p-en-sb X-≈nam‰n. A√m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ ]p-en Ah-sc N-h-®-c-bv-°p-am-bn-cp∂p. ]p-en-°v a-b-°p-acp-∂v \¬In-b `p-Pw-Kdmhp-hn-s\ k¿°-kv

I-º-\n-bn¬\n-∂p ]p-d-Øm-°n. 16 h¿-j-Øn-\p ti-jw `p-Pw-K-dmhp, Xmcm-_m-bn-sb Im-Wm-s\Øn. X-\n-°v am-∏p \-¬-I-W-sa-∂v A-bmƒ tI-W-t]-£n®p. lr-Z-b-hn-im-e-X G-sd-bp-≈ Xm-cm-_m-bn A-bm-sf I-º-\n-bn¬ Xn-cn-s®-Sp-Øp. H-cp h¿-j-Øn-\p ti-jw dm-hp ]gb N-Xn B-h¿-Øn®p. A-bmƒ ]p-en-°v a-b-°p-a-cp∂p \¬In. A-∂v kn-temWn({io-e-¶)bnem-bn-cp-∂p {]-Z¿i-\w \-S-∂n-cp-∂Xv. B-bnc-°-W-°n-\m-fp-Iƒ t\m-°n-\n¬s°, Xmcm-_m-bn jn≥-sU-bp-sS X-e ]p-en I-Sn-®pap-dn®p. tÃ-Un-b-Øn¬ Im-Wn-I-fp-sS tcm-Z\-ap-b¿∂p. Kp-cp-X-cam-b ]-cn-t°-‰ Xm-cm_m-bn-bp-sS A¥yw B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ h-®mbn-cp-∂p. 1936¬ 36ma-sØ h-b- n¬ N-Xn-aqew sIm-√-s∏´ B I-em-Im-cn-sb k¿°-kv tem-Iw F-°m-ehpw Hm¿-an-°p∂p. C-¥y≥ k¿-°-kn-se Zp-c-¥-\m-bn-I-bm-Wv Xm-cm_m-bv.

Xo-£n-°mw. C-\n sdm-´n D-≠m-°p-∂ A-h-kc-Øn¬ am-hn-se-ßm\pw Xp-fho-Wm¬ B IpSpw-_-Øn-se B-sc-¶nepw s]-s´-∂v a-cn-°p-w! \o-f≥ sdm-´n ap-dn-®v A-h-km\-sØ I-jWw In-´p-∂-h¿ Po-hn-X-Ønepw A-hkm-\ ÿm\tØ F-Øq-sh-∂pw A-ta-cn-°-°m-¿ hn-iz-kn®n-cp-∂p. B I-j-Wsa-SpØ-Xv G-sX-¶nepw kv-{Xo-bm-sW-¶n¬ A-hƒ sI-´m-a¶-bm-bn ho´n¬Ø-s∂ \n-∂pt]m-Ip-a-{tX!

A-Pn ta-te-SØv -≈-Øn¬ ap-ßn-a-cn-® Hcm-fp-sS i-co-cw ]p-g-bn¬\n-t∂m a-‰p P-em-i-b-ßfn¬\nt∂m Fß-s\ I-s≠-Sp-°pw? hn-Z-Kv[cm-b ap-߬-°m-sc h-cp-Øn Xnc-™v Is≠-Sp-°mw. F-∂m¬, shdp-sam-cp sdm-´n-°j-W-ap-]-tbm-Kn-®v i-h-i-co-cw I-s≠-Sp-°p∂ I-Y tI-´n-´pt≠m? A-Xn-i-b-s∏-tS-≠. ]≠p-Ime-Øv bq-tdm-]y≥ \m-Sp-I-fn-em-bncp∂p Cu co-Xn-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv. H-cp sdm-´n°j-Ww sh-≈-Øn¬ ap-°n \-Zn-bn-en-´m¬, i-hw In-S-°p-∂n-S-tØ-°v sdm-´n B-I¿-jn°-s∏-Sp-a-s{X. A-hn-sS ap-ßn t\m-°n-bm¬ kwK-Xn i-cn-bm-bn-cn-°p-sa∂pw A--h¿ hn-izkn-®n-cp∂p. sdm-´n-sb∏-‰n c-k-I-chpw hn-Nn{X-hpam-b ]-e hn-izm-k-߃ \n-e-\n-∂ncp∂p. Nne IuXp-I߃ tI-t´m-fq....

hn

7

sdm-´n

]pcmWw

"]m-]-t`m-P\w' F-∂ c-k-I-c-am-b G¿-∏m-Sv bq-tdm-∏n-s‚ ]-e `m-K-ß-fnepw ap-ºv D-≠m-bncp∂p. Gsd ]m-]-߃ sN-bv-Xv a-cn-® H-cm-fpsS ap-gp-h≥ ]m-]-ßfpw Po-hn-®n-cn-°p-∂ Hcmƒ°v Cu kq-{X∏-Wn h-gn G-s‰-Sp-°mw. a-cn®-bmƒ-°v ]m-]-߃ Xo-sc-bn√m-sX kz¿-KØn-te-°p t]m-hmw! C-sX-ß-s\-sb-∂v tIt´m-fq. a-cn-®-bm-fp-sS s\-©n¬ A¬-∏w ]-Whpw H-cp Ip-∏n a-Zyhpw H-cp Ij-Ww sdm-´nbpw h-bv°p∂p. a-cn-®-bm-fp-sS ]m-]߃ "G-s‰-Sp-°m≥' X-øm-dp-≈-bmƒ h-∂v C-h-b-{Xbpw F-SpØp-I-gn-™m¬ a-cn-®-bm-fp-sS B-flm-hv sIm®pIp-´nI-sf t]m-se-bm-bn F-∂¿Yw. Cßs\ ]m-]-ta-s‰-Sp-°p-∂hsc "]m-]-t`mPnIƒ' F-∂m-Wp hn-fn-®n-cp-∂Xv.

Ip-‰w sX-fn-bn-°m≥ sX-‰p sN-bv-X-h-cp-sS Ip-‰w sX-fn-bn-°m\pw bq-tdm-∏n¬ sdm-´n D-]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp∂p. - Hcp Ij-Ww sdm-´nbpw A¬-∏w sh-Æbpw Ign-®v Xm≥ Ip-‰-sam∂pw sN-bv-Xn-´n-s√∂v kXyw sN-øWw. sdm-´n sXm-≠-bn¬ Ip-cp-ßnt∏m-bm¬ Bƒ Ip-‰-hm-fn-bm-Wv F-∂p Xo¿®-bm-bn!

sh-≈n \√ Znhkw d-jy-bn-se thmƒ-Km {]-tZi-Øv sIm-bvØn-\p ti-jw B-Zy-am-bp-≠m-°p∂ sdm-´n, {]-tZi-sØ X-e-aq-Ø-bmƒ ]u-c-{]-am-Wnam¿-°p ho-Xn®p\¬-Ip-∂ G¿-∏m-Sp-≠m-bncp∂p. kzo-U-\n¬ sIm-bv-Øp-Ime-Øv In-´p∂ A-h-km\-sØ I-Xn¿-°p-e- sIm-≠v a-\pjy-s‚ cq-]-ap≈ sdm-´n-bp-≠m-°pw. C-Xv hn-

]m-]-ta-s‰-Sp-°m\pw sdm´n

ti-j-s∏-´-Xm-bn I-W-°m-°p-Ibpw sN-bv-Xn-cp∂p. sdm-´n-bp≠m-°p-∂ k-a-bØp Ip-g-® am-hn-\p ]pd-Øv Ip-cn-i-S-bm-f-ap≠m-°n-bm¬ ho-´n¬ ]n-im-Nn-s‚ i-ey-ap-≠m-hn-s√-∂m-bn-cp∂p hnizmkw! sdm-´n tcm-K-im-¥n-°p-th-≠n bq-tdm-∏n¬ D-]tbm-Kn-®-t∏mƒ sdm-´n-bp-≠m-°m≥ G-‰hpw \√-Xv sh-≈n-bmgv-N-bm-sW-∂m-bn-cp-∂p d-jy-°m¿ I-cp-Xn-bn-cp-∂-Xv.

hn-izm-k߃ ]n-im-Np-_m-[ G¬-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ sdm-´n I-cp-Xnh-®n-cp-∂-h-cm-Wv s_¬-Pn-bw \n-hm-knIƒ. ]gInb sdm-´n-°j-Ww tXm-´n-en-´m¬ Ip-™pßsf sXm-Sm≥ ]n-im-Nn-\p t]-Sn-bm-hp-a-s{X. Zl-\-t°-Sn-\p G-‰-hpw \√ a-cp∂mbm-Wv ]pcmX-\ Cu-Pn-]v-Xp-Im¿ ]-gInb sdm-´n D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. s\-©n¬ C-S-Xnßpw tcm-aw h-f-c-W-sa-¶n-¬ Zn-h-khpw sdm-´n I-gn-®m-¬ a-Xn-sb-∂v Ata-cn-°-bn¬ ]-≠p-Ime-Øv hn-izkn-®n-cp-∂p. Nn-e `-£y ]-co-£-W-߃°pw sdm-´n D-]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp∂p. H-cp sdm-´n B-cp-sS-sb¶nepw ssI-bn¬-\n-∂v hoW-Xv ap-Iƒ `m-Kw A-Sn-bn-em-bn-´m-sW¶n¬ D{K-s\m-cp h-g-°pw {]-

ambw tN¿Øm¬... 1266¬ Cw•-≠v `-cn-®n-cp-∂ sl≥-{Sn H-∂ma≥ sdm-´n Iq-Sp-X¬ hn-e-bv-°p hn¬-°p-∂ I®-h-S-°m-sc X-m-°o-Xv sN-bv-Xn-cp∂p. sNdn-b em-`w am-{X-ta F-Sp-°m-hq F-∂v \nb-aw sIm≠p-h-cp-Ibpw sN-bv-Xp-. sdm-´n-bn¬ am-bw tN¿°p-∂ I-S-bp-Sa-sb I-S-bv-°p ap-ºn-se hm-Xnen¬, sN-hn-bn¬ B-Wn-b-Sn®v \n¿-Øn-bm-bncp-∂p ]-g-b Xp¿-°n-bn¬ in-£n-®n-cp-∂-Xv!


Thejas Epaper school Edition 2013/12/09