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CMYK

CMYK

8

11 \hw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

11 \hw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ padasala@thejasonline.com

^mØn-a k-\n-ø, std II P.K. HUDA SHAMSEER, III-B St. Antony's School Vatakara

P.K. ZIA SHAMSEER, III-B St. Antony's school Vatakara

X≥an-b C-kv-em-an-Iv kv-Iqƒ, \-S°¬, Cu-cm-‰p-t]´

P.S. SALIMA, V-A

E.S. AYISHA HIBA, I-C Cochin Public School Thrikkakara, Cochin

i^v-\m \u-jmZv, V-A F-kv.Un.hn.Pn.bp.]n.F-kv kv-Iqƒ \o¿-Ip∂w, B-e∏pg

CMYK

CMYK

St.George.H.S.S, avalangadu, Nellimattom

_n.Fkv. jlv\, Std. IV K-h. F-®v.F-kv.Fkv. h-´n-bq¿-Imhv Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw

dn^v-\m l-aoZv, IV- B Pn.Fw.bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ sIm-Sn-b-Øq¿, ap°w, tIm-gn-t°mSv

\q¿-P-lm≥, VIII- B

IpØp-Iƒ tbm-Pn-∏n-®v \n-dw sIm-Sp°q

\ap-°v

aebm-fn- I-fmhmw aebmf-sa-∂p tI-´m¬ A-`n-am-\w R-c-ºn-eq-sS ]m-b-W-w. `mjsb ]p-—n-°p∂-h-tcm-Sv \-ap°pw A-h-tl-f-\w tXm-∂-Ww. 1500te-sd h¿j-sØ ]-g-°-ap-≈ Cu `m-j-bp-sS ]m-c-º-cy-Øn¬ \-ap-°v A-`n-am-\n-°mw. a-e-bm-fn-Iƒ F-∂-Xv X-´n-∏p-Im-cp-sS hn-ti-j-W-am-hmsX, sF-Iy-Øn-s‚ Im-l-f-am-bn amd-s´. tI-c-f-∏n-d-hn-bpsS Cu am-kw a-e-bm-fnI-fpw t{i-jvT-cm-hs´.

Pn.F-®v.F-kv.F-kv, hm-fmSv X-e∏pg, hb\mSv

CMYK

CMYK

h-∂t√m a-g h-∂-t√m ap-‰w \nd-sb a-g sh≈w h-∂t√m a-g h-∂-t√m Np‰pw ]-® ]n-Sn-®-t√m h-∂t√m a-g h-∂-t√m a-c-ßfpw sN-Sn-Ifpw h-f¿-∂t√m h-∂t√m a-g h-∂-t√m In-W-‰n¬ sh-≈w \n-d-™t√m h-∂t√m a-g h-∂-t√m Ip-∂p-Iƒ ]-® hn-cn-®-t√m h-∂t√m a-g h-∂-t√m ]n.]n. sF-jm kP, II-B h≈ n-I-fm-sI ]-S-¿-∂t√m F.Fw.Fw.F¬.]n kv-Iqƒ h∂t√m a-g h-∂-t√m ]p-fn°¬, a-e-∏pdw h-b-ep-I-fm-sI \n-d-™t√m h-∂t√m a-g h-∂-t√m ao-\p-Iƒ Xp-≈n c-kn-®t√m h-∂t√m a-g h-∂-t√m X-h-f-Iƒ Nm-Sn c-kn-®-t√m h-∂t√m a-g h-∂-t√m h-∂t√m a-g h-∂-t√m


2 11 \hw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

11 \hw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

ap-Jy- a-{¥n-am¿ \-Ωp-sS

jm-°n¿ tXm-´n-°¬ \-hw-_¿ H-∂n-\m-Wt√m tI-c-f kw-ÿm-\w ]n-d-∂-Xv. \-Ωp-sS ap-Jya-{¥n-am-sc F-√m-h-sc-bpw Iq´p-Im¿°v A-dn-bm-tam? G-‰-hpw Iq-Sp-X¬ h¿-jw ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bm-b-Xv C.--sI. \mb-\m-cm-Wv. 11 h¿-j-tØm-fw ap-Jy-a{¥n-bm-bn C-t±-lw. G-‰-hpw Iq-Sp-X¬ X-h-W ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bm-b-Xv sI. I-cp-

1956

Wm-I-c-\m-Wv. I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ \m-ep Xh-W Cu ÿm-\w h-ln-®-t∏mƒ C.-sI. \m-b-\m-cpw F.--sI. B‚-Wn-bpw aq-∂p X-h-W ap-Jy-a-{¥n ÿm-\w hln-®p. C-S-Xv-˛-h-e-Xp-]-£ ap-∂-WnIƒ am-dn-am-dn `-cn-® k¿-°m-cp-I-fmWp tI-c-f-Øn-te-Xv. C-Xp P-\m-[n-]Xy-Øn-s‚ hn-P-b-am-bn \-ap-°p ImWmw. C.--Fw.--F-kv. \-ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv apX¬ D-Ω≥-Nm-≠n h-sc-bp-≈ tI-c-f ap-Jy-a-{¥n-am-sc e-Lp-hm-bn ]-cn-N-bs∏-Sp-Øp-I-bm-Wv C-hn-sS.

]-´w F. Xm-Wp-]n-≈ 1885 Pq-sse 15\v Xn-cp-h-\¥-]p-cw Pn-√-bn¬ P-\n-®p. 1960˛62 Im-e-b-f-hn¬ ap-Jy-a{¥n-bm-b C-t±-lw 1948epw 1954˛55epw Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿-˛sIm-®n a-{¥n-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tIm¨-{K-kn-s‚ ÿm-]-I t\-Xm-°-fn¬ H-cm-fm-b ]-´wXm-Wp-]n-≈ tI-c-f cm-{„o-bØn-se `o-jv-am-Nm-cy-cm-bmWv A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. 1962¬ ]-©m-_v K-h¿-W-dm-bpw 1964¬ B-{‘-{]-tZ-iv K-h-¿-W-dmbpw tk-h-\-a-\p-jvTn-®p. 1970 Pq-sse 27\v A-¥-cn-®p.

kn. A-Nyp-X-ta-t\m≥ {]-ap-J I-Ωyq-Wn-Ãv t\-Xm-hpw F-gp-ØpIm-c-\p-am-b kn. A-Nyp-X-ta-t\m≥ 1913 P-\ph-cn 13\v Xr-iq¿ Pn-√-bn-se ]p-Xp-°m-Sv P-\n®p. Xr-iq¿ Un.--kn.--kn. {]-kn-U‚m-bpw sI.-]n.--kn.--kn. saw-_-dm-bpw {]-h¿-Øn-®p. \n-ch-[n X-h-W P-bn¬-hm-k-a-\p-jvTn-® A-t±lw 1957¬ C.--Fw.--F-kv. a-{¥n-k-`-bn¬ [-\Im-cy h-Ip-∏v ssI-Im-cyw sN-bv-Xn-´p-≠v. 1968¬ cm-Py-k-`mw-K-am-bn. 1969˛70 h-sc apJy-a-{¥n-bm-b A-Nyp-X-ta-t\m≥ ]n-∂o-Sv 1970se C-S-°m-e Xn-c-s™-Sp-∏n-s\ Xp-S¿∂v ho-≠pw Cu ÿm-\-sØ-Øn. 1977 h-sc ap-Jy-a-{¥n ÿm-\-Øv Xp-S¿-∂p. 1991 B-Kkv-Xv 16\v A-¥-cn-®p.

C.--Fw.--F-kv. \-ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv tI-c-f-Øn-s‚ B-Zy-sØ ap-Jy-a{¥n. C.--Fw.--F-kv. F-∂ t]-cn¬ A-dnb-s∏-´p. ]q¿-W-\m-aw G-ew-Ip-fw a-\bv°¬ i-¶-c≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv. 1909 Pq¨ 14\v a-e-∏p-dw Pn-√-bn-se s]-cn¥¬-a-Æ-bn¬ P-\n-®p. aq∂p XhW sI.--]n.--kn.--kn. sk-{I-´-dn-bm-bn {]-h¿Øn-®p. 1957˛59, 1967˛-69 Im-e-b-f-hp-Ifn¬ ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bm-bn. 1960˛64, 1970˛77 {]-Xn-]-£ t\-Xm-hm-bn-cp∂p. 1977 ap-X¬ 1992 h-sc Zo¿-L-Imew kn.--]n.--Fw. kw-ÿm-\ P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tI-c-f-Øn-se I¿-j-I {]-ÿm-\-Øn-s‚ B-Zy-Im-e t\-Xm-°-fn¬ H-cm-fm-b A-t±-lw anI-® F-gp-Øp-Im-c-\pw am-¿-Iv-kn-Ãv ssk-≤m-¥n-I-\pw Iq-Sn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. I-Ωyq-Wn-Ãv ]m¿-´n Hm-^v C-¥y(kn.-]n.--sF) ÿm-]-I t\-Xm-°-fn-sem-cmfm-b A-t±-lw 1964¬ ]m¿-´n ]n-f¿-∂t∏mƒ kn.--]n.--FΩns‚ Iq-sS-bm-bn-cp∂p. 1998 am¿-®v 19\v 89mw h-b- n¬ A¥-cn-®p.

]n. sI. hm-kp-tZ-h≥ \m-b¿

B¿. i-¶¿ 1909 G-{]n¬ 30\v sIm-√w Pn-√-bn-se sIm-´m-c-°-c-bn¬ P-\n-®p. ]n-∂m-° k-apZm-b-Øn¬-\n-∂p tI-c-f ap-Jy-a-{¥n ]-ZØn-se-Øp-∂ B-Zy- hy-‡n. 1962˛64 Ime-b-f-hn-em-Wv A-t±-lw ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bm-bXv. F.--sF.--kn.--kn. sa-w-_-dm-bpw sI.--]n.-kn.--kn. {]-kn-U‚m-bpw F-kv.F -- ≥.--Un.--]n. tbm-Kw P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dn-bm-bpw tk-h\-a-\p-jvTn-® i-¶¿ ]-´w Xm-Wp-]n-≈ a{¥n-k-`-bn¬ D-]-ap-Jy-a-{¥n- ÿm-\-hpw [-\-Im-cy h-Ip-∏p-w ssI-Im-cyw sN-bv-Xp. Zn-\-a-Wn ]-{X-Øn-s‚ F-Un-‰-dp-am-bn-cp∂p i-¶¿. 1972 \-hw-_¿ 6\v A-¥-cn-®p.--

sI. I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ eo-U¿ F-∂v A-dn-b-s∏-´ sI. I-cpWm-I-c≥ 1918 Pq-sse A-©n-\v I-Æq¿ Pn-√-bn-se Nn-d-°-en¬ P-\n-®p. t{S-Uv bq-\n-b≥ t\-Xm-hm-bn cm-{„o-b-cw-KsØ-Øn-b A-t±-lw A-Nyp-X-ta-t\m≥ a-{¥n-k-`-bn¬ B-`y-¥-c a-{¥n-bmbn. \m-ep-X-h-W tI-c-f ap-Jy-a-{¥n ]-ZØn-se-Øn-b I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ 1977em-Wv B-Zy-am-bn ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bm-b-Xv. G-gp Xh-W am-f \n-tbm-P-I-a-fi-e-sØ \n-ba-k-`-bn¬ {]-Xn-\n-[o-I-cn-®p. c-≠p-Xh-W tem-Iv-k-`mw-K-am-bn. 1995¬ cmPyk-`mw-K-am-b A-t±-lw Im-_n-\-‰v a{¥n-bp-am-bn. 1970¬ sF-Iy P-\m-[n-]Xy ap-∂-Wn(bp.--Un.--F-^v) cq-]o-I-cn-®Xn¬ kp-{]-[m-\ ]-¶p-h-ln-®p. s\-lvdp Ip-Spw-_-hp-am-bn D-‰ _-‘-am-bn-cp∂p. 2010 Un-kw-_¿ 23\v a-cn-°ptºmƒ 92 h-b- p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

3

F. sI. B‚-Wn I-d-Xo¿-∂ {]-Xn-—m-b-bm-Wv F.--sI. B‚-Wn F-∂ cm-{„o-b t\-Xm-hn-s\ hy-Xy-kv-X-\m-°p∂-Xv. aq-∂p {]m-h-iyw ap-Jy-a{¥n ]-Z-Øn-se-Øn-b A-t±-lØn-s‚ 40 h¿-j-sØ Po-hn-Xw A-gn-a-Xn-bp-sS I-d ]p-c-fm-ØXm-Wv. 1940 Un-kw-_¿ 28\v Be-∏p-g tN¿-Ø-e-bn-em-Wv A-d°-∏-d-ºn¬ Ip-cy≥ B‚-Wn F∂ F.--sI. B‚-Wn P-\n-®-Xv. sI.--F-kv.b -- p-hn-eq-sS cm-{„o-bcwK-sØ-Øn. 1964˛66 Im-e-b-f-hn¬ sI.--F-kv.b -- p. kw-ÿm-\ {]kn-U‚m-bn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿-∂v bqØv tIm¨-{K-kv t\-Xr-Xz-Ønse-Øn. 1969-¬ sI.--]n.--kn.--kn.(tI-c-f {]-tZ-iv tIm¨-{K-kv IΩn-‰n) P-\-d¬ sk--{I-´-dn-bm-bn. 1970¬ B-Zy-am-bn Fw.--F¬.--Fbm-bn. 73˛77, 78˛-82,

87˛92¬ sI.--]n.--kn.--kn. {]-kn-U‚p-am-bn. 1977 G-{]n¬ 27\v tI-cf ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bm-bn. F-∂m-¬, 1978 H-tŒm-_-dn¬ ap-Jy-a-{¥nÿm-\w cm-Pn-h-®p. 1984¬ C-μncm-Km-‘n A-t±-l-sØ F.--sF.-kn.--kn(Hmƒ C-¥y tIm-¨-{K-kv I-Ωn-‰n) P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dn-bmbn Np-a-X-e-s∏-Sp-Øn. 87 h-sc B ÿm-\-Øp Xp-S¿-∂p. C-tXmsS tZ-io-b-t\-Xm-hm-bn A-t±-lw D-b¿-∂p. 93˛95¬ \-c-knw-l-dmhp a-{¥n-k-`-bn¬ Im-_n-\-‰v a{¥n-bm-bn. 95 am¿-®v 22\v ho-≠pw tI-c-f ap-Jy-a-{¥n-ÿm-\-sØØn. 96 ap-X¬ 2001 h-sc {]-Xn-]£ t\-Xm-hm-bn-cp-∂p. 2001 sa-bv 17\v aq-∂m-a-Xpw ap-Jy-a-{¥n ]-Zhn-bn-se-Øn. I-em-im-e hm-cn-I, ho-£-Ww ]-{Xw F-∂n-h-bp-sS F-Un-‰-dp-am-bn-´p-≠v. C-t∏mƒ tI-{μ {]-Xn-tcm-[ a-{¥n-bm-Wv. F-en-k-_-Øv B‚-Wn-bm-Wp `m-cy. c-≠p a-°-fp-≠v.--

s]m-Xp-Po-hn-X-Øn-se kw-ip-≤nbm-bn-cp-∂p ]n. sI. hn. F-∂ ]-S-bm´v tI-i-h-]n-≈ hm-kp-tZ-h≥ \m-b-cpsS ap-J-ap-{Z. 1926 am¿-®v 2\v tIm-´-bw Pn-√-bn-se In-S-ßq-cn-em-Wv P-\-\w. hn-Zym¿-Yn cm-{„o-b-Øn-eq-sS h-f¿∂p-h-∂ A-t±-lw I-Ω-yq-Wn-kv-‰v {]Xy-b-im-kv-{Xw ap-dp-sI ]n-Sn-®p. 1945¬ I-Ωyq-Wn-Ãv ]m¿-´n Aw-K-ambn. 48¬ Hmƒ tI-c-f kv-‰p-U‚ v-kv s^-U-td-j≥ {]-kn-U‚m-bn. Xn-cp-h\-¥-]p-cw K-h. tem tIm-f-Pn¬ ]Tn°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS cm-{„o-b {]-h¿-Ø-\߃-°m-bn \n-b-a-]T-\w D-t]-£n-®p. F.--sF.--ssh.--F-^v (Hmƒ tI-c-f bq-Øv s^-U-td-j≥) ÿm-]-I-\m-Wv. 64se ]n-f¿-∏n-\p ti-jw kn.--]n.--sF-bn¬ XpS¿-∂p. A-Xn-s‚ P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dn ÿm-\w h-sc-bp-≈ D-∂-X ]-Z-hn-Iƒ A-e-¶-cn-®p. c-≠p X-h-W Fw.--F¬.-F-bm-b A-t±-lw \m-ep {]m-h-iyw tem-Iv-k-`-bn-te-°pw Xn-c-s™-Sp-°s∏-´p. sI. I-cp-Wm-I-c≥-˛ F.sI. B‚-Wn a-{¥n-k-`-I-fn¬ hy-h-km-b a-{¥n-bm-bn-cp-∂p. F.sI. B‚-Wn-bpsS ]n≥-Km-an-bm-bm-Wv A-t±-lw 1978 H-tŒm-_¿ 29\v ap-Jy-a-{¥n ÿm-\sØ-Øn-b-Xv. F-∂m¬, F¬.--Un.--F-

^v cq-]o-I-c-W-hp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´v 79 H-tŒm-_¿ 7\v ]-Z-hn-bn¬-\n-∂v cm-Pnh-®p. P-\-bp-Kw ]-{X-Øn-s‚-bpw kn.-]n.--sF-bp-sS cm-{„o-b hm-cn-I-bm-b \h-bp-K-Øn-s‚-bpw F-Un-‰-dm-bn-cp∂p. 2005 Pq-sse 12\v a-cn-®p.

C.--sI. \m-b-\m¿

Fw.--F¬.--F.--, Fw.--]n.--, kv-]o-°¿, a-{¥n, D-]-ap-Jy-a-{¥n, ap-Jy-a-{¥n F-∂o ÿm-\-߃ h-l-n-® tI-c-f-Øn-se G-I hy-‡n-bm-Wv kn.--F-®v. ap-l-Ω-Zv tIm-b

]-{Xm-[n-]¿, F-gp-Øp-Im-c≥ F-∂o \n-e-bn¬ {]i-kv-X-\m-b C.sI. \m-b-\m¿ 1919 Un-kw_¿ 9\v IÆq¿ Pn√-bnse I-eym-t»-cn-bn¬ P-\n-®p. 1967¬ Fw.]n-bmbn. 1980¬ ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bm-bn. 87˛91, 96˛2001 Im-e-b-f-hnepw Cu ]Z-hn A-e-¶-cn®p. kn.]n.Fw kwÿm-\ sk-{I-´-dnbpw t]m-fn-‰v _yqtdm Aw-Khpw B-bn-cp∂p. tI-c-f \n-b-a-k-`mw-K-am-bn B-dp Xh-W Xn-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. 1967¬ tem-I-vk-`mwK-hp-am-bn. 1982˛87, 91˛92 Im-e-b-f-hp-I-fn¬ {]-Xn-]£ t\-Xm-hm-bn-cp-∂p. \n-c-h-[n X-h-W P-bn¬hmk-a-\p-jvTn-® A-t±-lw 2004 sa-bv 19\v A-¥-cn-®p.

kn.--F-®v. ap-l-Ω-Zv tIm-b ap-kv-enw eo-Kn-s‚ {]-ap-J t\-Xm-hm-bn-cp-∂ kn-.F -- -®v. ap-l-ΩZv tIm-b 1927 Pq-ss-e 15\v tIm-gn-t°m-Sv Pn-√-bn-se A-tØm-fnbn¬ P-\n-®p. N-{μn-I Zn-\-]-{X-Øn-s‚-bpw B-gv-N-∏-Xn-∏n-s‚bpw ]-{Xm-[n-]-cm-bn-cp-∂p. 1960¬ Xm-\q-cn¬\n-∂p \n-b-a-k-`bn-se-Øn. 1961¬ \n-b-a-k-`m kv-]o-°-dm-b A-t±-lw ]m¿-esa‚n-te-°v a¬-k-cn-°m-\m-bn B ÿm-\w cm-Pn-h-®p. 1979¬ apJy-a-{¥n-bm-bpw 1981¬ I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ a-{¥n-k-`-bn¬ D-]-ap-Jy-a{¥n-bp-am-bn B-`y-¥-c-˛-hn-Zym-`ym-k h-Ip-∏p-Iƒ ssI-Im-cyw sN-bv-Xp. 1979 H-tŒm-_¿ 12\v ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bm-b A-t±-lw A-tX h¿-jw Un-kw-_¿ H∂ph-sc-tb B ÿm-\-Øv Xp-S¿-∂p-≈q. A-ß-s\ 54 Zn-h-kw am-{Xw ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bm-b G-I hy-‡n-bm-bn. Fw.--F¬.--F.--, Fw.--]n.--, kv-]o-°¿, a-{¥n, D-]-ap-Jy-a-{¥n, ap-Jya-{¥n F-∂o ÿm-\-߃ h-l-n-® tI-c-f-Øn-se G-I hy-‡nbm-Wv. 1983 k-]v-Xw-_¿ 28\v A-¥-cn-®p. a-{¥n Fw.--sI. ap-\o¿ Dƒ-s∏-sS aq-∂p a-°-fp-≠v.

tijw t]-Pv G-gn¬


CMYK

CMYK

4 11 \hw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

11 \hw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

Nne¥nbmim≥

ar-K-߃-°pw ]-d-h-Iƒ-°pw D-dp-ºp-Iƒ-°p-sa-√m-ap-≠v ]m¿-∏n-S-ß-ƒ. Nn-e¿ I-„-s∏-´v ho-Sp-≠m-°p-tºmƒ a-‰p Nn-e¿ A-]-c-s‚ ho-Sp ]n-Sn-s®-Sp-°p-∂p.-- Kp-l-I-fn-epw a-c-ß-fn-epw Xm-a-kn-°p-∂-h-cm-Wv th-sd Nn-e¿. hn-hn-[ Po-hn-h¿-K-ß-fp-sS ]m¿-∏n-S-ß-sf°p-dn-®p-≈ ]T-\w c-k-I-c-am-Wv.

h-e-hn-cn-®v C-c-sb ]n-Sn-°p-∂ F´p-Im-en C-c-sb X-s‚ h-e-bn-te-°v B-I¿-jn-°p-∂p. h¿-W-ß-fp-≈ kpμ-c-∑m-cm-b Nn-e-¥n-Iƒ ]q-ºm-‰-Isf-bpw sN-dp Cu-®-I-sf-bpw C-Ø-cØn-¬ I-_-fn-∏n-°p-∂p. h-e-bp-sS \Sp-hn-em-bm-Wv Nn-e-¥n C-cn-∏p-d-∏n°p-∂-Xv.-h-e-bp-sS A-Sn-bn¬ {]-tXy-Iw Xøm-dm-°n-b am-f-Øn¬ H-fn-®n-cp-∂v Cc h-e-bn¬ Ip-Sp-ßp-tºmƒ h-e-bn-te°v Hm-Sn-h-∂v A-Xn-s\ A-I-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ co-Xn-bpw Nn-e-bn-\w Nn-e-¥n-Iƒ A-\p-h¿-Øn-°m-dp-≠v.-h-e s\-øm-sX X-s∂ C-c ]n-Sn-°p∂ Nn-e-¥n-I-fpw D-≠v. Nn-e-¥n-I-fpsS h-e-s\-bv-Øn-s\ k-lm-bn-°p-∂ X-c-Øn-em-Wv A-h-bp-sS i-co-c-L-S\. h-i-ß-fn-ep-≈ A-h-bp-sS B-dp Im-ep-Iƒ \q¬-\q¬-°p-∂-Xn-\p-≈ D]-I-c-W-ß-fm-Wv. B Im-ep-I-fn¬ Hm-

X-e-Xn-cn-™ D-d-°w a-c-Øn-epw ho-Sn-s‚-bpw h-en-b sI-´n-Sß-fpsS-bpw a-®n-epw Xma-kn-°p∂ Pohn-bm-Wp- h-Δm¬. Ip-™p-ß-sf {]-k-hn°p-∂-Xp sIm-≠v ]-£n-I-fp-sS Iq-´-Ønepw ]-d-°p-∂-Xp -sIm-≠v ar-K-ß-fp-sS Iq-´-Øn-epw C-h-sb I-W-°m-°p-∂n-√. km-[m-c-W-bm-bn h-Δm-ep-Iƒ h-en-b a-cß-fn-em-Wp- Im-W-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. F-¶n-epw h-en-b Kp-l-Iƒ, ]-g-b Bƒ-Øm-a-k-an√m-Ø ho-Sp-Iƒ, h-en-b sI-´n-S-߃, ]me-ß-fp-sS A-Sn-h-iw F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn-epw C-h-sb Im-Wm≥ km-[n-°pw. ]-d-°p-∂ k-kv-X-\n-bm-b C-Xn-s\ Cw-•o-jn¬ "_m-‰v' F-∂pw "^v-ssf-bn-Mv t^m-Iv-k'v F-∂pw hn-fn-°m-dp-≠v.

Nn-X-en-s‚ cm-P-sIm-´m-cw

oh¿ A- W - s °- ´ p _ ¿ b o \n¿a mW hnZ-Kv-[-\m-b -Pn-\ _o-h¿ P-¥p-tem-I-sØ F≥-Pn≥ F \o-b¿ F-∂m-Wv A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. ]m¿∏n-S-ap-≠m-°p-∂-Xn-\pw A-W-s°-´p \n¿-an-°p-∂Xn-\pw hn-Z-Kv-[-\m-Wv \o¿-\m-b-bp-sS hn-`m-K-Øn¬ s]-Sp-∂ _o-h¿. sh-≈-Øn¬ A-W-sI-´n kz-¥w P-em-i-bw ]-WnXm-Wv ho-Sp \n-¿-am-Ww. A-W -sI-´p-∂-Xn-\p a-cs°m-ºv, N-fn, ]p-√v F-∂n-h-sb-√mw D-]-tbm-Kn-°pw. I-ºp-I-fpw C-e-I-fpw I-√pw D-]-tbm-Kn-®v N-fn \n-d-®v Im¬ ao-‰¿ I-\-Øn-em-Wv sh-≈-Øn¬ Po-hn-°p-∂ _o-h-dn-s‚ `-h-\-\n¿-am-Ww. a-c-߃ Im¿-∂p Xn-∂v A-Xn-s‚ sXm-en-bpw _m-°n X-Sn-`m-K-hpw B-h-iyap-≈ ÿ-e-tØ-°v H-gp-°n-s\m-∏w F-Øn-®m-Wv hoSp \n¿-am-W-Øn-\p-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv.-- H-c-Sn-tbm-fw s]m-°-hpw c-≠-Sn- \o-f-hpw D-≠m-hp-∂ _o-h-dn-\v 20˛25 In-tem-{Kmw Xq-°-hp-ap-≠m-hpw. ]n≥-Im-ep-Ifp-sS hn-c-ep-Iƒ Xm-dm-hn-t‚-Xp- t]m-se ]-c-∂XmWv. i-{Xp-°-fn¬\n-∂p c-£-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn-\p-≈ Xm-hf-ß-sfm-cp-°m≥ C-h¿ an-Sp-°-cm-Wv.

tX\o-®-Isft]mse Nn-´bm-bp-≈ km-aq-ln-I-Po-hn-Xw \-bn-°p-∂ Po-hn-I-fm-Wv D-dpºp-Iƒ. a-Æn-epw a-c-Øn-se Ce-I-fn-ep-am-Wv C-h Iq-Sp-≠m°p-I. a-Æn-¬ hn-hn-[ B-Ir-XnI-fn¬ a-Æp Ip-g-®m-Wv Iq-Sp≠m-°p-I. a-c-Øn-em-sW-¶n¬ C-e-I-ƒ Iq-´n-sbm-´n-®m-Wv IqSp-\n¿-am-Ww. H-cp tIm-f-\n-bm-bm-Wv C-h Po-hn-°p-I. A-hn-sS cm-⁄nam¿, tPm-en-°m¿, Nn-d-Ip-≈ B-Wp-dp-ºp-Iƒ, Nn-d-Ip-≈ s]-Æp-dp-ºp-Iƒ, ]-´m-f-°m¿ Xp-S-ßn hn-hn-[-X-cw D-dp-ºp-Isf Im-Wm≥ I-gn-bpw. C-h¿-°p Xm-a-kn-°m-\m-bn hy-Xy-kv-XA-d-Iƒ Hm-tcm D-dp-ºp tIm-f\n-I-fn-ep-ap-≠m-bn-cn-°pw.

CMYK

CMYK

A-\p tkm-f-a≥

Nn-X-ep-Iƒ sIm-´m-cw ]-Wn-bp-∂Xv a-Æn-tem ho-Wp-In-S-°p∂ a-c-Øn-tem a-c-Øn-\p ap-Ifn-tem B-bn-cn-°pw. `-£-W-hn-X-cW-Øn-\pw kp-c-£n-XXz-Øn-\pw `-£W-Øn-\m-bn a-‰p Po-hn-I-sf h-f¿-Øm-\p-amWv C-h Iq-Sp \n¿-an-°p-∂-Xv. km-[m-c-W-bm-bn C-Sp-ßn-b h-gn-Iƒ D-≈-Xpw F-∂m¬, hm-bp-hns‚ K-a-\m-K-a-\-hpw Xm-]-\n-e-bp-sa-√mw Ir-Xyam-bn ]-cn-]m-en-°-s∏-´-Xp-am-Wv Iq-Sp-I-ƒ. a-Æv, a-W¬, k-ky-ß-fp-sS `m-K-߃, ]-ina-bp-≈ i-co-c-{k-h-߃ F-∂n-h-sb-√mw Nn-Xep-Iƒ Iq-Sp-\n¿-am-W-Øn-\p-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. Nn-X¬ cm-⁄n-bpsS-bpw cm-Pm-hn-s‚-bpw ÿm-\w Iq-Sn-s‚ a-[y-`m-K-Øm-bn G-‰-hpw kpc-£n-X-am-b A-d-bn-em-bn-cn-°pw. Cu-b-ep-Iƒ ]-d-∂p t]m-hm-\m-bn Iq-Sn-\p h-i-ß-fn¬ henb Zzm-c-ß-fp-≠m-hpw. Cu-b-ep-Iƒ ]-d-∂pt]m-bn th-e-°m¿ Zzm-cw ]q¿-Wam-bn A-S-bv°p-∂-Xp-h-sc ]-´m-f-°m¿ C-hn-sS Im-h¬\n¬-°p-∂p. Iq-Sp-Iƒ km-[m-c-W K-Xn-bn¬ a-Æn-\-Sn-bnem-Wv D-≠m-hp-I-sb-¶n-epw Nn-e-t∏mƒ a-Æn-\p ]p-d-tØ-°v D-b¿-Øn \n¿-an-°m-dp-≠v. C-h-sb Nn-X¬-∏p-‰p-Iƒ F-∂p hn-fn-°p-∂p. km-[m-cW aq-∂p ao-‰¿ h-sc-bm-Wv D-b-cw. Iq-Sn-\p-≈n-se Xm-]-\n-b-{¥-W-Øn-\pw hmbp-k-©m-c \n-b-{¥-W-Øn-\pw Nn-X¬-∏p-‰pIƒ k-lm-b-I-am-hp-∂p. Nn-X¬-∏p-‰p-I-fn¬ Xm-]-\n-b-{¥-Ww D-d-∏m-°p-∂-Xn-\m-bn Nn-e `mK-ß-fn¬ h-f-sc I-\w- Ip-d-™ `n-Øn-I-fm-Wp≠m-hp-I. Im-‰n-s\ Iq-Sn-s‚ D-≈-d-I-fn¬ h-sc F-Øn-°p-∂ hn-[-Øn-em-Wv {]-th-i-\ I-hm-SØn-s‚ \n¿-am-Ww. D-]-cn-X-e-Øn-ep-≈ Zzm-c߃ t\¿-Ø a¨-]m-fn-bm¬ A-S-®p `-{Z-am-°nbn-´p-≠m-bn-cn-°pw. h-i-ß-fn-se Nm-ep-Iƒ hmbq-k-º¿-°w D-d-∏p-h-cp-Øp-∂-Xm-Wv.--

tcm-∂n-epw sN-dn-b kp-jn-c-ß-fp-≠v. A-h-bn-eq-sS Du-dn-h-cp-∂ H-cp {Zm-hIw \n-an-j-߃-°-Iw X-s∂ \q-ept]m-se-bm-hp-∂p. Du¿-∂p-h-cp-∂ \qep-Iƒ Xm-s\ ]n-cn-bn-´ ti-j-am-Wv \mw Im-Wp-∂ Nn-e-¥n \q-ep-≠m-hp∂-Xv. H-cn-S-Øp\n-∂p a-s‰m-cn-S-tØ°v Nm-Sn-bm-Wv h-e-s\-bv-Øv. ]n-∂o-Sv H-´p-∂ X-c-Øn-ep-≈ H-cp ]-i h-ebn¬ ]p-c-´pw. Cu ]-i-bn-em-Wv {]mWn-Iƒ H-´n-∏n-Sn-®n-cn-°p-I.

A-®-S-°-ap-≈ ]-´m-fw

XSn-am-S≥ ln-s∏mk-ky-`p-°m-b h-en-b H-cp k-kv-X\n-bm-Wv \o¿-°p-Xn-c A-Y-hm lnt∏m-s∏m-´m-a-kv. cm-{Xn-k-a-b-ß-fn-em-

IcSnt®´≥ I- S p- h - I - s ft∏m-se Kp-l-Ifn¬ X-s∂-bmWv C-h-bp-w Xma- k n- ° p- ∂ - X v . D¿-kn-sU IpSpw-_-Øn¬-s∏´ k-kv-X-\n-Ifm-Wv I-c-Sn-Iƒ. sN-dp Po-hn-Ifpw k-ky-Pm-eß-fp-am-Wv {]-[m-\ `-£-Ww. s]m-Xp-sh cm-{Xn-k©m-cn-I-fm-Wv. an-I-® {Lm-W-i-‡n A-h-sb C-ctX-Sm-\pw i-{Xp-°-fn¬\n-∂p c-£-s∏-Sm-\pw klm-bn-°p-∂p. A-Xn-th-Kw Hm-Sm-\pw \o-¥m-\pw acw-I-b-dm-\pw C-h-bv-°p km-[n-°pw.

CMYK

v ≠ p a f w m p a S q p I ° p ƒ -pI ƒ-° -mº -h-I ] ]-d

5

Wv `-£-Ww tX-Sn Zq-c-bm-{X-Iƒ sNøp-∂-Xv. P-e-hm-k-Øn-\-\p-Iq-e-am-b im-co-cn-I-k-hn-ti-j-X-Iƒ C-h-bv°p-≠v. X-e A-¬∏w am-{Xw P-tem-]cn-X-e-Øn-\p ap-I-fn¬ h-®v ap-ßn-°nS-°p-∂ C-h-sb s]-s´-∂p Im-Wm≥ km-[n-°n-√. B-gw Ip-d-™ P-em-i-bß-fpw H-gp-°pIp-d-™ `m-K-ß-fp-amWv C-h-bp-sS hm-k-ÿ-e-߃. ln-t∏m F-∂-Xn-\p "Ip-Xn-c' F∂pw s]m-´m-a-kv F-∂-Xn-\v "\-Zn' F∂p-am-Wv A¿-Yw. s]m-Xp-th C-h-bv°v D-b-cw Ip-d-hm-Wv. B-{^n-°≥ h≥-I-c-bm-Wv \o¿-°p-Xn-c-bp-sS P-∑tZ-iw. X-Sn-®p-cp-≠ i-co-c-hpw h-en-b hmb-bpw ]-√p-I-fpw C-h-bp-sS k-hn-tij-X-I-fm-Wv. C-h-bv-°v C-c-´-°p-f-ºpI-fm-Wp-≈-Xv. B¨-\o¿-°p-Xn-c-Iƒ°v i-cm-i-cn 1.--5 ao-‰¿ D-b-c-hpw 4.--5 ao‰¿ \o-f-hpw 4500 In. {-- Kmw `m-c-hpw D≠m-bn-cn-°pw.

CMYK


6 11 \hw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

11 \hw_¿ 2013 Xn¶ƒ

Iw-]yq-´¿ `m-j

t]-Pv aq∂v Xp-S¿®

C-∂v F-√mw Iw-]yq-´¿ h-gn-bmW-t√m. Iw-]yq-´-dn-s‚ `m-j-bm-bn a-e-bm-fw hn-I-kn-®n-´n-√m-Ø-Xn\m¬ A-Xp km-[y-am-hp-∂-Xn-\p aptº Hm-^n-kv ^-b-ep-I-fpw \-S-]-Sn{I-a-ß-fpw a-e-bm-f-Øn-em-b-Xp sIm-≠p ^-e-ap-≠m-hn-√. A-tX-ka-bw a-e-bm-f `m-j-bp-sS `m-hn kpc-£n-X-am-°-W-sa-¶n¬ a-e-bm-fsØ I-w]yq-´¿ `m-j-bm-bn am-‰p-Isb-∂-Xv A-\n-hm-cy-am-Wv.

hn.--F-kv. A-Nyp-Xm-\-μ≥

w m Ø ¿ n \ aebm-ew

p ¨ c p I p ¨ Ipc v X ¶ p ¡ n c m i iw

`m-c-X-sa-∂p tI-´m-e-`n-am-\-˛ ]q-cn-X-am-I-W-a-¥-cw-Kw, tI-c-f-sa-∂p tI-´m-tem Xn-f-bv-°-Ww tNm-c \-ap-°p R-c-ºp-I-fn¬

I

-gn-™ Pq¨ 10\v tI-c-f \n-b-a-k-` B-cw`n-®-Xv ]-Xn-hp-t]m-se- "Hm-W-d-_nƒ sawt_-gv-kv, Hm-W-d-_nƒ kv-]o-°¿' F-∂ A-`n-kw-t_m-[-\-tbm-sS B-bn-cp-∂n-√. ]-I-cw "_lp-am-\-s∏-´ km-am-Pn-I¿, _-lp-am-\-s∏-´ k-`m-[y£≥' F-∂m-Wv No-^v am¿-j¬ hn-fn-®p-]-d-™-Xv. ae-bm-f-Øn-\p t{ijvT `m-jm ]-Z-hn e-`n-®-Xn-s\ XpS¿-∂m-bn-cp-∂p C-Xv. 13mw tI-c-f \n-b-a-k-`-bp-sS Hº-Xmw k-tΩ-f-\w ap-X¬ k-`-bp-sS \-S-]-Sn-Im-cy-ßfpw a-e-bm-f-Øn-em-°n. sk-{I-t´-dn-b-‰n-se 95 i-Xam-\w ^-b-ep-I-fpw a-e-bm-f-Øn-em-°m-\pw Xo-cp-am\-am-bn.

am-Xr-`m-j \n-ß-fp-sS am-Xr-`m-j G-Xm-Wv. \n-߃ Nn-¥n°p-∂-Xv G-Xp `m-j-bn-em-tWm A-Xm-Wv \n-ß-fp-sS am-Xr-`m-j. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ s]-Sp-tºmƒ ssZ-h-sØtbm A-Ω-sb-tbm hn-fn-°m≥ D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂ `mj! tI-c-f-Øn¬ P-\n-®-h-cp-sS-sb-√mw am-Xr-`m-j ae-bm-f-am-h-W-sa-∂n-√. I-„-s∏-´v ho-´n-epw kv-Iq-fnepw Cw-•o-jv am-{Xw kw-km-cn-°p-∂ Ip-´n-I-fp-≠v. ae-bm-f-Øn¬ i-–-ap-≠m-°n-bm¬ A-Sn-°p-∂ c-£nXm-°ƒ h-sc-bp-≠v. C-h¿ a-e-bm-f-Øn-s‚ sIm-ebm-fn-I-fm-Wv. F-∂m¬, s_-Uvdq-an¬ s]-s´-∂v H-cp ]m-ºn-s\ I-≠m¬ 'Um-Uo kv-t\-°v' F-∂-√, 'ltΩ ]m-ºv' F-∂m-hpw C-h-cp-sS Ip-´n-Iƒ ]-dbp-I. A-t∏mƒ A-h-cp-sS am-Xr-`m-j a-e-bm-fw X-s∂. X-≈n-∏-d-™m-epw A-Ω A-Ω-b-√m-Xmhn-√-t√m!

G-‰-hpw {]m-bw-sN-∂ ap-Jy-a-{¥nbm-b hn.--F-kv. A-Nyp-Xm-\-μ≥ 1923 HtŒm-_¿ 20\p B-e-∏p-g Pn-√-bn-se ]p∂-{]-bn¬ P-\n-®p. 1980 ap-X¬ aq-∂p X-h-W kn.--]n.--Fw. kwÿm\ sk-{I-´dn-bm-bn-cp-∂ A-t±-lw kn.]n.Fw ÿm]I t\Xm-hm-Wv. 1992˛-1996 Im-eb-f-hn-epw 2001˛2006epw {]-Xn-]-£ t\Xm-hm-bn-cp-∂ A-Nyp-Xm-\-μ≥ C-t∏mgpw B ÿm-\-Øp Xp-S-cp-∂p. 2006 sabv 18\v tI-c-f-Øn-s‚ 11m-a-Xv ap-Jy-a{¥n-bm-bn Xn-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´p. t]mfn‰v _yqtdm AwK-am-bn-cp-∂p.

bm-Wv a-e-bm-f `m-j-sb t{i-jvT `m-jm ]-Z-hn-bn-te°p-b¿-Øm-\p-≈ hm-Z-ß-fp-am-sb-Øn-b-Xv. t{i-jv-T`m-jm ]-Zh - n-°p am-\Z- fi w `m-jb - p-sS ]-g° - w am-{Xam-h-cp-sX-∂pw B `m-j Dƒ-s°m-≈p-∂ km-ln-Xy k-ºØ - p Iq-Sn ]-cn-KW - n-°W - s - a-∂pw A-h¿ hm-Zn-®p.

D-Ω≥-Nm-≠n 1943 H-tŒm-_¿ 30\m-Wv D-Ω≥-Nm≠n P-\n-®-Xv. sI.--F-kv.b -- p. bq-Øv tIm¨-{K-kv kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚m-bn {]-h¿-Øn-® A-t±-lw F.--sF.-kn.--kn. sa-w-_-dp-am-bn-´p-≠v. ]p-Xp-∏≈n a-fi-e-sØ {]-Xn-\n-[o-I-cn-°p∂ A-t±-lw 1977, 1980, 1982, 1987, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 Xn-c-s™-Sp-∏p-Ifn¬ hn-P-bn-®p. 1977se I-cp-Wm-Ic≥ a-{¥n-k-`-bn-epw B‚-Wn a-{¥nk-`-bn-epw sXm-gn¬-h-Ip-∏v a-{¥n-bmbn. 1981˛82 Im-e-b-f-hn¬ kw-ÿm-\ B-`y-¥-c a-{¥n-bm-bpw 1991¬ [-\Im-cy h-Ip-∏v a-{¥n-bm-bpw {]-h¿Øn-®p. 1982¬ sF-Iy-P-\m-[n-]-Xy ap-∂-Wn I¨-ho-\-dm-b D-Ω≥-Nm≠n 2004¬ F.s--- I. B‚-Wn cm-Pn-h®-t∏mƒ ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bm-bn. 2006 sabv 18 h-sc B ÿm-\-Øp Xp-S¿-∂ A-t±-lw 2011 sa-bv 18\v ho-≠pw apJy-a-{¥n-bm-bn.

AXp-sIm-s≠-¥v?

sI._n. A-kv-_-d asbarakb@gmail.com

cm-Py-kv-t\-lw t]m-se {]-[m-\-am-Wv `m-jm kv-t\-l-hp-sa-∂v a-e-bm-fn-Iƒ Xn-cn-®-dn-b-Ww. aebm-ew Ipc-®p Ipc-®p A-cn-bm-sa-∂p Nm-\-ep-I-fnepw a‰pw ]p-—-tØm-sS ]-d-bp-∂ IdpØ a-Zm-Ωam-tcm-Sv \-ap-°v k-l-X-]n-°mw

t{i-jvT `m-j-Iƒ tI-{μ k¿-°m¿ B-Zy-am-bn t{i-jvT-`m-jm ]-Z-hn \¬-In-b-Xv X-an-gn-\m-Wv. 2004-em-bn-cp∂p A-Xv. 2005¬ kw-kv-Ir-X-Øn-\pw 2008¬ I-∂-S-bv-°pw sX-ep-¶n-\pw Cu ]-Z-hn e-`n-®p. Cu K-W-Øn-te-°m-Wv a-e-bm-f-hpw F-Ønbn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. C-tXm-sS t{i-jvT-`m-jm ]-Z-hn t\-Sp-∂ A-©m-a-sØ Z-£n-tW-¥y≥ `m-jbm-bn a-e-bm-fw-. tI-c-f-Øn¬ am-{X-a-√ e-£Zzo-]v, am-ln F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn-epw am-Xr-`m-jbm-Wv a-e-bm-fw. t{i-jvT `m-jm ]-Z-hn t\-Sp∂ `m-j-bv-°v c-≠m-bn-cw h¿-jw ]-g-°w thW-sa-∂ tI-{μ k¿-°m¿ \n-b-a-Øn-s‚ \n-_‘-\-Iƒ a-dn-I-S-∂m-Wv \-Ωp-sS a-e-bm-fw t{i-jvT ]-Z-hn-bn¬ F-Øn-b-Xv. bq-tdm-]y≥ `m-j-I-fn¬ em-‰n-\pw lo-{_p-hn-\pw am-{X-amWv C-t∏mƒ ¢m-kn-Iv ]-Z-hn.

A¿-lX - b - p-s≠-∂v Cu dn-t]m¿-´n¬ Nq-≠n-°m-´n. C°m-cy-߃ hn-eb - n-cp-Øn-bm-Wv tI{μ kmlnXy A°m-Z-an ¢m-kn-°¬ ]-Z-hn kw-_-‘n-® Aw-Ko-Im-cw \¬-In-bX - v. ap≥ No-^v sk-{I-´d - n-bpw a-eb - m-fw k¿-hI-em-im-em ssh-kv Nm≥-k-e-dp-am-b sI. P-b-Ip-am¿, tUm. Fw.Pn.Fkv. \m-cm-bW - ≥ F-∂n-hc - p-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-ep-≈ k-an-Xn-

t{i-jvT `m-jm ]-Z-hn e-`n-®-tXm-sS `m-jm hn-I-k\-Øn-\pw K-th-j-W-Øn-\p-am-bn \q-dp tIm-Sn cq-]bp-sS tI-{μ k-lm-bw e-`n-°pw. Hm-tcm h¿-j-hpw c≠v cm-Pym-¥-c ]p-c-kv-Im-c-߃ `m-j-bv-°p \¬-Im\mhpw. `m-j-bv-°m-bn sk‚¿ Hm-^v F-Iv-k-e≥kpw cm-Py-sØ hn-hn-[ k¿-h-I-em-im-e-I-fn¬ sNb-dp-I-fpw ÿm-]n-X-am-hpw. F-∂m¬, `-c-W-hpw D-∂X hn-Zym-`ym-k-hpw tIm-S-Xn-bpw _m-¶nMv C-S-]m-SpI-fpw a-e-bm-f `m-j-bn¬ \-S-°p-tºm-gm-Wv km-[m-cW-°m-c-s\ kw-_-‘n-®n-S-tØm-fw am-Xr-`m-j t{ijvT-am-hp-I.

X-an-g-s‚ `m-jm kv-t\-lw! `m-jm kv-t\-l-Øn¬ a-e-bm-fn-Iƒ X-an-g-sc I≠p ]Tn-°-Ww. X-an-gv\m-´n¬ tlm-´-ep-Iƒ-°pw ÿm-]-\-߃-°p-sa-√mw X-an-gv t]-cp \n¿-_-‘-amWv. C-hn-sSbm-sW-¶n¬ a-e-bm-f t]-cp am-{Xw ImWn-√. X-an-gv kn-\n-a-I-fpw A-h-cp-sS `m-jm kv-t\-lw D-b¿-Øn∏n-Sn-°p-∂p. X-an-gv t]-cp-≈ kn-\n-a-Iƒ-°p \n-Ip-Xn C-f-hp h-sc-bp-≠v. X-an-g≥ F-∂ t]-cn¬ Hcp kn-\n-a X-s∂-bp-≠v. \m-b-I-s‚ t]-cpw ]-e-t∏mgpw X-an-fv F-∂p h-cp-∂p. C-hn-sS a-e-bm-f-sØ sNm√n A-`n-am-\n-°m≥ ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂ H-cp kn-\n-a t]m-epan-√. a-e-bm-f t]-cp-≈-h-bn¬ t]m-epw hn-tZ-i semt°-j-\p-I-fpw A-hn-Sp-sØ Iƒ-®-dp-am-Wv. C-t∏mƒ \yq P-\-td-j≥ kn-\n-a F-∂ t]-cn¬ C-d-ßp-∂-h an°-Xpw Cw-•o-jn-s‚ ]n-∂m-se t]m-Ip-∂-h-bpw a-e-bm-f-sØ ]p-—n-°p-∂-h-bp-am-Wv.

Nn-e sh-√p-hn-fn-Iƒ  `-c-W `m-j a-e-bm-f-a-√m-Ø-Xv  Cw-•o-jv `m-j-bn-ep-≈

hn-Zym-`ym-k k-{º-Zm-bw  a-e-bm-fn-Iƒ-°v kz-¥w

`m-j-tbm-Sp-≈ ]p-—w  a-e-bm-f kw-km-c-`m-j-bn-se

Cw-•o-jv ]-Z-ß-fp-sS A-Xn-{]-k-cw  C‚¿-s\-‰n¬ a-e-bm-f

hn-h-c-hn-⁄m-\ ti-J-cw C-√m-Ø-Xv  a-e-bm-fw Hm¨-sse≥ hn-h-c-hn-⁄m-\ ta-J-ebn¬ K-th-j-W-an-√m-Ø-Xv  a-e-bm-fw ]Tn-°m-sX tI-c-f-Øn¬ hn-Zym-`ym-kw ]q¿-Øn-bm-°m-\pw tPm-en t\-Sm-\pw I-gn-bp-sa-∂-Xv

t{i-jvT `m-j a-e-bm-f `m-j-bp-sS ]-g-°-sØ-bpw kw-`m-h\-I-sf-bpw Ip-dn-®v I-hn H.F≥.hn. Ip-dp-∏v A[y-£-\m-b k-an-Xn ]T-\w \-S-Øn dn-t]m¿-´v k-a¿-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. 1500 h¿-j-Øn-te-sd ]g°-ap-≈ a-e-bm-f `m-j-bv-°v km-ln-Xy-]-c-amb D-≈-S-°-Øn-eq-sS ¢m-kn-°¬ ]-Z-hn-°v

au-kn-s\ F-en-bm-°-tWm? a-e-bm-f-`m-j-bn¬ A-\y-`m-jm ]-Z߃ H-cp-]m-Sv I-S-∂p-Iq-Sn-bn-´p-≠v. C-sX√mw H-gn-hm-°n-bm¬ a-e-bm-fw ip-≤-amhpw F-∂p ]-d-bp-∂-h-cp-≠v. F-∂m¬, A-Xv A-km-[y-am-Wv. A-d-_n, kw-kv-Ir-

Xw, Cw-•o-jv Xp-S-ßnb `m-j-I-fn-se ]-Zß-fm-Wv \mw Zn-t\-\ D- ] - t bm- K n- ° p- ∂ - X v . _-kv, Im¿, ss_-°v F-∂n-h Cw-•o-jv ]-Zß-fm-W-t√m. kvIq-fn-¬-\n-∂v _ n-¬ h-∂p F∂-Xn-\v ]-I-cw ae-bm-f-Øn¬ F¥p ]-d-bpw. \m-¬-N{I K-a-\m-K-a-\ hm-l-\-Øn¬ F-∂mtWm? Iw-]yq-´-dp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´ hm°p-I-fp-sS Im-cy-hpw C-ß-s\ X-s∂. tam-Wn-‰¿, au-kv, Io t_m¿-Uv, lm¿-Uv sh-b¿ F-∂n-h D-Zm-l-c-Ww. au-kn-\p ]-I-cw F-en F-∂p ]-d™m¬ F-¥m-bn-cn-°pw A-h-ÿ!! s{Sbn-\n-\v Xo-h-≠n F-∂p ]-d-bp-∂-Xv A-Xv Xo-sIm-t≠m-Sp-∂ h-≠n B-b-Xn-\m-emWv. Xo-bn-√m-Ø C-e-{Œn-Iv s{S-bn-\nt\m? F-∂m¬, t]m-kv-‰v Hm-^n-kn-\v X]m¬ B-]o-kv F-∂p ]-d-bmw. B-]o-kv Hm-^n-kn¬ \n-∂v I-´-Xm-sW-¶n-epw.

7

Wv a-e-bm-f-Øn-\v 51 A-£-c-߃ Xøm-dm-°n, B-[p-\n-I `m-jm-k{º-Zm-bw G¿-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv. F∂m¬, A-Xn-\pw ap-tº a-e-bm-f-ap≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

B-Zy- a-e-bm-f tc-J a-e-bm-f `m-j-bn¬ F-gp-X-s∏-´ B-Zy-sØ I-s≠-Sp-°-s∏-´ tc-J tN-c N-{I-h¿-Øn-bm-bn-cp-∂ cm-Pti-J-c-s‚ t]-cn-ep-≈ hm-g-∏-≈n im-k-\-am-Wv-. {In.ti. 829em-WvCu im-k-\w F-gp-X-s∏-´-Xv. 12mw i-X-I-Øn¬ No-cm-a≥ F-gp-Xn-b cm-a-N-cn-X-am-Wv a-e-bm-f `m-j-bnse B-Zy-sØ km-ln-XyIr-Xn-bmbn I-cp-X-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. I-s≠-Sp-°s∏-´n-´p-≈-h-bn¬ G-‰-hpw ]p-cm-X\-am-b Ir-Xn C-Xm-sW-¶n-epw 11mw i-X-I-Øn¬ tXm-e≥ c-Nn-®-Xm-bn hn-iz-kn-°p-∂ a-{¥m-¶w B-´-{]Im-c-Øn¬ A-°m-e-sØ a-e-bm-fØn-epw X-an-gn-ep-ap-≈ ]-Zy-߃ Im-Wmw.

a-eb - m-f∏ - n-dh - n {Zm-hn-U-`m-j-I-fn-sem-∂m-b a-ebm-f-Øn-s‚ D-¬-∏-Øn-sb-∏-‰n hnhn-[ hm-Z-ß-fp-≠v. {In.ti. H-ºXmw \q-‰m-t≠m-Sp Iq-Sn a-e-bm-fw kz-X-{¥-`m-j-bm-bn ]-cn-W-an-®psh-∂m-Wv G-‰-hpw {]-_-e-am-b hmZw. 13-mw \q-‰m-≠p ap-X¬ km-ln-Xy `m-j-sb-∂ \n-e-bn¬ a-e-bm-f-Øns‚ h-f¿-® Xp-S-ßn. H-º-Xmw \q-‰m≠p ap-X¬ h-s´-gp-Øv en-]n-bn-emWv a-e-bm-fw F-gp-Xn-bn-cp-∂-Xv. 16mw \q-‰m-≠p ap-X¬ D-]-tbm-KØn¬ h-∂ {K-Ÿ-en-]n-bn¬ \n-∂mWv B-[p-\n-I a-e-bm-f-en-]n cq-]s∏-´-Xv. F. B¿. cm-P-cm-P-h¿-a cNn-® tI-c-f-]m-Wn-\o-b-sØ-bm-Wv G-‰-hpw {]m-am-Wn-I-am-b a-e-bm-f

kw-kv-Ir-X kzm-[o-\w a-e-bm-f-`m-j-sb G-‰-hpw Iq-SpX-em-bn kzm-[o-\n-®-Xp X-an-gpw kw-kv-Ir-X-hpw B-Wv-. tem-I-Ønse an-° `m-j-I-fp-sS-bpw Aw-i߃ a-e-bm-f-Øn¬ Im-Wmw. BZn-Im-ew sXm-t´ tI-c-f-Øn-\p-≠mbn-cp-∂ hym-]m-c-_-‘-߃ `m-jbp-sS ]p-tcm-K-Xn-sb G-sd kzm-[o\n-®-Xm-bn Im-Wmw. ln-μn-bpw Ad-_n-bpw D¿-Zp-hpw bq-tdm-]y≥ `mj-I-fpw A-Xn-t‚-Xm-b kw-`m-h-\ a-e-bm-f-Øn-\p \¬-In-bn-´p-≠v.

tlm¿-´kv a-e-_m-dn-°-kv tlm¿-´kv a-e-_m-dn-°-kv F-∂ k-ky-im-kv-{X {K-Ÿ-Øn-em-Wv B-Zy-am-bn a-e-bm-f-`m-j A-®-Sn-®p Im-Wp-∂-Xv. F-∂m¬, tlm¿-´knse Xm-fp-Iƒ Hm-tcm A-£-c-Øn\pw {]-tXy-I-am-bp-≈ A-®p-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn-®-√, ]-I-cw tªm-°p-I-fmbn hm¿-Øm-Wv A-®-Sn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. H-‰-sbm-‰-bm-bp-≈ I-√-®p-Iƒ D-]tbm-Kn-®v B-Zy-am-bn a-e-bm-f-`m-j Dƒ-s∏-Sp-∂ ]p-kv-X-I-߃ A-®-Sn®-Xv 1772-em-Wv.

]T-\ {]-h¿-Ø-\w hym-I-c-W-{K-Ÿ-am-bn ]-cn-K-Wn°p-∂-Xv. kw-kv-Ir-X-Øn¬ \n-∂√ {]m-No-\ X-an-gn¬-\n-∂m-Wv a-ebm-fw D-≠m-b-sX-∂ A-`n-{]m-b-amWv tI-c-f-]m-Wn-\o-b-Øn¬ A-t±lw {]-I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. sl¿-a≥ Kp≠¿-´v, tPm¿-Pv am-Ø≥, tIm-hp-Æn s\-Sp-ßm-Sn Xp-S-ßn-b-h-cpw hym-Ic-W-{K-Ÿ-߃ F-gp-Xn-bn-´p-≠v. ]-Xn-\-©mw \q-‰m-≠p h-sc GXm-\pw en-]n-I-fn¬ H-Xp-ßn-b Nps´-gp-Øv B-bn-cp-∂p a-e-bm-fw. `mjm ]n-Xm-hv F-∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂ Xp©-Øv cm-am-\p-P≥ F-gp-Ø-—-\m-

H-cp Zn-h-kw \mw ]-d-bp-∂ hm°p-I-fn¬ ]-e-Xpw Cw-•o-jpw A-d_n-bp-am-Wv. a-e-bm-fn kz-¥-sa-∂p I-cp-Xn D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂ G-Xm-\pw A-d-_n-`m-jm ]-Z-ß-fn-Xm. A-k¬, Im-∏n, Ip-dp-a, i¿-°-c, Nm-b, h-kq¬, I-S-em-kv-, A-\m-aØv-, k-°m-Øv-, Nm¿, a-km-e, i¿_-Øv-, k-em-Uv-, kp-sse-am-\n, lm-P¿, _m-°n, l¬-h, Iq-P, Ip∏n, ]n-™m-Ww, `-c-Wn, I-ao-kv-, JZ¿, Pp-∫, ]¿-Z, ss]-Pm-a, Z-√mƒ, I-em-kn, I-im-∏v, a-cp-∂v-. ]-Xn-hm-bn \n-߃ D-]-tbm-Kn°p-∂ A-\y`m-jm ]-Z-߃ Is≠-Øn Nm¿-´v X-øm-dm-°q.

Thejas Epaper school Edition 2013/11/12  

Thejas Epaper school edition. 2013/11/12

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