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CMYK

CMYK

8

5- BKkvXv 2013 Xn¶ƒ

]n. icXvIr-jvW≥, R.M.H.S.S.

]mT-im-e-bn-te-°v kr-„n-Iƒ A-b-°p-∂-h¿ i-cnbm-b hn-em-khpw t^m¨ \-ºdpw Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ {i-≤n-°p-I. Nn-{X-߃ \n-dw sIm-SpØ-Xv am-{X-ta A-b-t°-≠-Xp≈q.

5- BKkvXv 2013 Xn¶ƒ

VD

padasala@thejasonline.com

ta-em-‰q¿

IqS¶p-fw to

lntcmjna

Email: padasala@thejasonline.com

B.A. SALMANUL FARIS, UKG-B Al Ameen Public School, Edappally

MALIK SHAHABAS, VIII-B M C F Public School Kalppatta, Wayanad

\nf- b p- s S tcmZ- \ w A-kv-ap-∂n-k,

9A

sI.Fw.Fw.F-®v. kv-Iqƒ ssh-c-t¶mSv, a-e-∏pdw

Sn.F. bm-kn¿ A-jv-d-^v, III CMYK

CMYK

\n-f tX-ßp-I-bmbn I-Æo¿ Xq-hp-I-bmbn tX-ßp-ao \nfsb t\m-hn-®-Xmcv? a-g-tbm shbntem a-\pjy-t\m? I-fI-fw ]mSn \o-tf H-gpIn-b \n-f I-fnssa-Xm-\-am-bn Np-cpßsh am-en-\y-Øn≥ Iq-ºm-c-amIth -\ΩpsS sXm-≠- h-c-fp-∂p tX-Sn-\-S-°p-∂p \nfsb in-„-w \n-f-X≥ ]m-Sp-Iƒ am{Xw A-dnbptam \nß--fm hn-em]w, tIƒ°pt∂m \nß-fm tX߬!

{I-k‚v ]-ªn-Iv kv-Iqƒ ]-\-acw, h-b-\mSv

\o K.P. SHIBILA KASIM, +2 G.G.H.S.S. Madappalli

CMYK

P.K.V.S.M.U.P. School Irinave, Madakkara

A-h-cp-sS _m-lyho-£-W-Øn¬ \o-sbm-cp Iu-XpIw Nn-e¿t°m, \o-sbm-c-Zv`pXw! {]-Xn-I-cn-°m≥ t]m-ep-am-hmsX G-Xp \-c-l-Xy°pw Iq-´p-\n¬-°p∂p bm-N-\-bp-sS-bpw {]-Xo-£-bp-sSbpw F{Xtbm t\¿-Ø kzc-߃ \n≥ Im-Xp-I-fn¬ B-g°-S-temfw B-g-Øn¬ apg-ßp∂p F-∂n´pw \o Ft¥ Dd-®p \n¬-°p-∂p! t\m°pIp-Øn-bmhp∂p?

ln-tcm-jn-aZn-\w B-W-hhn-cp-≤ Zn-\-am-bm-Wp tem-Iw BN-cn-°p∂Xv . AWp-t_mw-_v t]m-seØ-s∂ am-c-I-am-Wp kp-c-£m-`o-j-Wn-bp≈ B-W-h \n-e-b-ß-fpw. Cu e-°-Øn¬, tI-c-f-Øn-\p `o-j-Wn-bm-hp-∂ Iq-S¶p-fw Dƒs∏-sSbp-≈ B-W-h\n-e-b-ß-sf-°p-dn-®p IqSn \-ap-°p ]Tn-°mw.

CMYK

MUHAMMED SHAHID, VII-B

B \n-g¬ F-s∂ t\m-°n F-∂pw Nn-cn-°m-dp-≠m-bn-cp∂p ]-t£, B Nn-cn \nanjw t]m-epw \n-e-\n-∂n-cp-∂n√ \dp-a-g-bn¬ \n-s‚ ap-Jwaq-Sn s]m-gn-bp-tºmƒ Rm-\-dn-bp-∂p Nn-cnXq-In \n-∂ \ns∂ Im¿ta-L°q-´Øn-\n-S-bn¬ an-∂n-am-bpw s]mbv-apJw \n≥ sN-bv-Xn-Isf hn-kv-a-cn-°p-∂p {`m-¥k-aq-l-Øn-≥ t\¿-°m-gv-N-bn¬


2 5- BKkvXv 2013 Xn¶ƒ

5- BKkvXv 2013 Xn¶ƒ

{]-h¿-Øn-°p-I, A-s√-¶n¬ a-cn-°p-I km-{am-P y-Xz-sØ F-{X-bpw s]-s´-∂v C-¥y-bn¬\n-∂p sI-´p-sI-´n-°p-I F-∂ e-£y-tØm-sS-bmWv Izn-‰v C-¥y {]-t£m-`-Øn-\p Km-‘nPn Xp-S-°-an-´-Xv. C-¥y-°m-cn¬ tZiobt_m-[hpw sF-Iyhpw Du-´n-bp-d-∏n-® ka-cw Iq-Sn-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-Xv.

]›m-Øew c≠mw tem-I-bp-≤- k-abØp P¿-a-\n-bpw C-‰en-bpw t\-Xr-Xzw \¬-Ip-∂ ^m-jn-Ãv A-®p-X-≠ns\-Xn-tc {_n-´≥ Dƒ-s∏-Sp-∂ tNcn bp-≤-Øn-\v Hcp-ßp-tºmƒ {_n´-s\ k-lm-bn-°tWm th≠tbm F∂ tNm-Zy-am-Wv C-¥y-bp-sS ap-∂n-ep≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv. Cu hn-j-b-Øn¬ C-¥y-bn-se {]ap-J cm-{„o-b-∏m¿-´n-Iƒ°pw t\-Xm-°ƒ°pw C-S-bn¬ hy-Xykv-X A-`n-{]m-b-ßfm-bn-cp-∂p. ^m-jn-k-Øn-s\-Xncm-b bp-≤-Øn¬ {_n-´-s\m∏w \n¬°p-I F-∂ \-bam-Wp Km-‘n-Pnbpw tIm¨-{K pw kzo-I-cn-®Xv. C-¥y-bp-sS kzm-X{¥yw F-{X-bpw th-Kw th-W-sa-∂Xm-bn-cp-∂p AXn-\p-≈ {]-Xyp-]-Im-c-am-bn tIm¨-{K-kv B-h-iys∏-´Xv. {_n-´n-jp-Im¿ B B-h-iyw Aw-Ko-I-cn°m≥ X-øm-dm-bn√.

{In-]v-kv an-j≥ sF-im sa-lv-_n≥ -¥y≥ kzm-X-{¥yk-a-cØn-s‚ sIm-´n-°-em-iw F-∂p hn-ti-jn-∏n-°m-hp∂ Izn-‰v C-¥y (C-¥y hn-Sp-I) {]t£m-`w {_n-´n-jv A-[n-\n-th-i i‡n--s°-Xn-cm-b A-¥n-at]m-cm-´-ambn-cp-∂p. cm-{„-]n-Xm-hv a-lmflm Km-‘n-bp-sS B-lzm-\{]-Im-cw XpS-°-an-´ Cu \n-b-aew-L-\-{]ÿm\w `m-c-Xv t—m-tSm B-t¥mf≥, B-K-kv-Xv {]-ÿm-\w F-∂o t]-cpIfn-epw A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. Ncn-{X-{]-kn-≤-am-b {]-t£m-`w \-S∂n´v 71 h¿jw ]n-∂n-´p.- 1942 B-Kkv-Xv Hº-Xn-\m-Wv Izn-‰v C-¥y {]t£m-`-w Xp-S-ßn-b-Xv. {_n-´n-jv km-{am-Py-Xz-Øn-s\-

C

Xn-tc 1857¬ D-b¿-∂ hn-π-h-am-Wv H-∂mw kzm-X-{¥y-k-a-c-am-bn Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-sX-¶n-epw A-Xn-\p ap-ºpX-s∂ a-e-_m-dn-eS°w {_n´n-jv B-[n-]-Xy-Øn-s\-Xn-tc cq£-am-b kw-L-´-\-߃ \-S-∂n-cp∂p. F-¶n-epw kz-mX-{¥y-k-a-c t]m-cm-´-߃-°p tZ-io-b-X-eØn¬ Xp-S-°-an-Sm≥ I-gn-™p-sh∂-Xm-Wv 1857se hn-π-h-Øn-s‚ k-hn-ti-j-X. km-{am-Py-Xz-sØ F-{X-bpw s]-s´-∂v C-¥y-bn¬\n-∂p sI-´psI-´n-°p-I F-∂ e-£y-tØm-sSbmWv Izn-‰v C-¥y {]-t£m-`-Øn\p Km-‘nPn Xp-S-°-an-´-Xv. A-¥na-t]m-cm-´-Øn-\v C-¥y-°m¿ X-ømsd-Sp-Ø-t∏mƒ {_n-´njv `-c-W-IqSw AXp {Iq-c-am-bn A-Sn-®-a¿Øn. C-¥y-°m-cn¬ tZiobt_m-[hpw

sF-Iyhpw Du-´n-bp-d-∏n-® ka-cw Iq-Sn-bm-bn-cp-∂p AXv. Izn-‰v C¥y {]-ÿm\sØ ]-e N-cn-{X-Im-c-cpw 1857se H-∂mw kzm-X-{¥y-k-a-c-tØm-Sv D-]-an-®n´p≠v. 1942 B-K-kv-Xv H-º-Xn\pw Un-kw-_¿ 31\pw C-S-bv-°p-≈ A©p am-ka-- m-Wp {]-t£m-`w sImSp-ºn-cns°m-≠Xv. F-¶nepw 1945 h-sc k-a-c-Øn-s‚ A-e-sbm-enIƒ \o≠p. "C-¥y C-¥y-°m-cptS-Xm-Wv, \n-߃ H-gn-™p-t]m-hpI' F-∂p k-a-c-°m¿ {_n-´-\v A¥y-im-k-\w \¬-In. Cu A©pam-k-Øn-\n-sS B-bn-c-tØmfw t]-cm-Wp sh-Sn-tb-‰p a-cn-®-Xv. Hu-tZymKn-I I-W-°-\p-k-cn-®v, 20,000 t]sc hn-Nm-c-W Iq-Sm-sX P-bn-en-e-S®p, 65,000 t]-sc A-dÃv -sN-bv-Xp.

Izn-‰v C-¥y {]-ta-bw 1942 B-K-kv-Xv F´n\v C-¥y≥ \m-j-\¬ tIm¨-{K- n-s‚ t_mw-s_ k-tΩ-f-\-Øn-emWp Izn-‰v C-¥y {]-ta-bw ]m-km-°nbXv. {_n-´n-jp-Im¿ B-h-iy-߃ Aw-Ko-I-cn-®n-s√-¶n¬ \n- -l-I-c-W{]-ÿm-\-Øn-\p XpS-°-an-Sp-sa-∂p {]-ta-bw ap-∂-d-n-bn-∏p \¬-In. sF-I-IWvtTy\-b-√m-bncp-∂p {]-ta-bw. P-h-l¿-em¬ s\lvdp, au-em-\m A-_p¬-I-emw B-kmZv F-∂n-h¿ {]-ta-b-sØ A-h-km-\w ]m-Xn-a-\-t m-sS A-\p-Iq-en-°pIbm-bn-cp-∂p. Nn-e t\-Xm-°ƒ F-Xn¿Øp. F-√m ]m¿-´n-I-sf-bpw X-ßfp-sS Xo-cp-am-\-Øn-\p ]n-∂n¬ sIm-≠p-h-cm≥ tIm¨-{K- n-\p I-gn™n-√. ln-μpa-lm-k-`-bpw A-hn-`-‡ I-Ωyq-Wn-Ãv ]m¿-´n-bpw (kn.-]n.-sF.-) Izn-‰v C-¥y {]--ÿm-\-sØ X-≈n-∏-d-™p. k¿-th-¥ym ap-kv-enweo-Kv t\Xm-hv ap-l-Ω-Zen Pn-∂ {]-ta-b-sØ F-Xn¿-Øp.

bp-≤-Øn-s‚ Xp-S-°-Øn¬ C-‰-enbpw P¿-a\nbpw P-∏m\pw A-S-ßp-∂ tN-cn-bp-sS ap-t∂-‰w {_n´-s\ `-b-s∏-SpØn. CXv bqtdm-∏n¬ bp≤ ap∂-Wn-bn-ep≈ C-¥y≥ ssk-\n-I¿-°n-S-bn-epw C-¥y°m¿-°n-S-bn¬ sam-Ø-Øn-epw A-kw-Xr-]vXn- D≠m°n. Cu ]-›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ {_n-´n-jv k¿°m¿ Ãm-t^m-Uv {In-]v-kn-\p Io-gn¬ {]-Xn-\n-

[nkw-L-sØ C-¥y-bn-te-°-b-®p. {_n-´n-jp-Imcn¬\n-∂p Xn-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´ C-¥y≥ ]m¿-esa‚n-\v A-[n-Im-cw ssI-am-dp∂Xn-\p ]-I-c-am-bn tIm¨-{K-kn¬\n-∂p bp-≤-Im-e-Øp ]q¿-W ]n¥p-W D-d-∏m-°p-∂ I-cm-dn¬ F-Øp-Isb∂-Xmbn-cp-∂p {In-]v-kv an-j≥ F-∂-dn-b-s∏-´ Cu kwL-Øn-s‚ Zu-Xyw. F-∂m¬, kz-bw`-cW - Ø - n-\m-bn {]-tXy-I Im-eb-f-hp \n-›-bn-°m-t\m F-s¥-√mw A-[n-Im-c߃ ssI-am-dpsa-∂p hy-‡-am-bn \n¿-h-Nn-°mt\m I-Ωo-j\ - p I-gn-™n-√. I-Ωo-j≥ F-√m A¿Y-Øn-epw ]-cm-Pb - a - m-bn-cp-∂p. Cu km-lN - c - y-Ønem-Wv -k-ºq¿-W kzm-X-{¥y-Øn-\p-≈ B-h-iyØn¬ {_n-´n-jv km-{am-Py-Xz-Øn¬\n-∂p hy-‡am-b D-d∏ - pe - ` - n-°p-∂X - n-\p Izn-‰v C-¥y {]-ÿm-\Øn-\p Xp-S° - a - n-Sm≥ tIm-¨{Kkv Xo-cp-am-\n-®Xv.

Izn-‰v C¥y {]-ÿm-\-tØm-S-\p_-‘n®v Km-‘n-Pn \-S-Øn-b Blzm-\-am-bn-cp-∂p "do or die' A-Y-hm "{]-h¿-Øn-°p-I A-s√-¶n¬ a-cn°p-I' F-∂Xv. t_mw-s_-bn-se Kphm-en-b Sm-¶v ssa-Xm-\-n-bn¬ h-®mWv Km-‘n-Pn Cu {]-Jym-]-\w \-SØn-b-Xv. Cu ssa-Xm-\w B-K-kvXv hn-π-h ssa-Xm-\w F-∂p ]n-∂o-Sv Adn-b-s∏-´-p. Izn-‰v C¥y {]-ÿm-\w cm-Pyhym]-I-am-bn B-fn-∏-S¿∂p. tIm-¨-{Kkn-s‚ ap-Xn¿-∂ t\-Xm-°-sf-√mw A-dk - v‰ - n-embn. Km-‘n-sb ]q-s\-bnse B-KmJm≥ sIm-´m-cØ - n-¬ X-Shn-en´p. tIm¨-{K-kv {]-h¿-Ø-I k-an-Xn-bn-se ap-gp-h≥ Aw-K-ß-sfbpw A-lvaZ- v\ - K - ¿ tIm-´b - n¬ X-Sh - ne-S-®p. tIm¨-{K-kn-s\ \n-tcm-[n®p. cm-Py-sam-´m-sI h-en-b tXmXn¬ {]-Xn-tj-[-ß-fpw {]-I-S-\-ßfpw \-S∂ - p. sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ tPmenÿ-eß - ƒ - _-ln-jvI - c - n-®p \n- l - -

I-cW - k - a - c - w hn-Pb - n-∏n-®p. C-¥y-bnseßpw k-ac - m-lzm-\w ap-gß - n. k-ac-sØ {_n-´n-jv `-cW - I - q-Sw i-‡a - mbn t\-cn-´p. ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-h-cn¬ \n∂p h-en-b Xp-I ]n-gNp-aØ - n. A-h¿ - °p s]m-Xp-ÿe - Ø - p h-®v Nm-´h - m¿ A-Sn \-¬I - p-Ib - pw sN-bvX - p. h≥-tXm-Xn¬ A-{I-a-߃ D-≠mhp-I-bpw A-c-£n-Xm-h-ÿ D-S-seSp-°p-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. k¿-°m¿ ÿm-]-\-ß-ƒ X-I¿-°-s∏-´p. sshZyp-Xn-_-‘w hn-t—-Zn-®p. K-Xm-K-X˛ hm¿-Øm-hn-\n-a-b kw-hn-[m-\-߃ X-I¿-Øp.- A-d-Ãn¬ {]-Xn-tj-[n-®v t_mws_-bn-se Kp-hm-en-b ssa-Xm\-Øpw in-hm-Pn]m¿-°n-epw h-ºn® {]-I-S-\w \-S-∂p. P-\-°q-´-sØ ]n-cn-®p-hn-Sm≥ t]m-en-kv sh-Sn-h-bv]p \-S-Øn. F-´p-t]¿ a-cn-®p. 169 t]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ hn-Zym-`ym-kÿm-]-\-߃ _-lnjv-I-cn-®p. hym-]m-cn-I-fpw k-a-cØn¬ tN¿-∂p.

c-‡-cq-jn-X k-a-c-߃ C-¥y-bn-se-√m-bn-S-Øpw kzm-X-{¥y-k-a-cw G-‰-hpw cq-£-am-b k-ab-am-bn-cp-∂p AXv. hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ-°pw sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ-°pw t\sc \q-dp-I-W-°n-\p ÿ-e-ß-fn¬ sh-Sn-h-bv-]p-≠m-bn. ]-e-ÿ-e-Øpw cq£-am-b Xn-cn-®-Sn-bp-ap-≠m-bn. {_n-´n-jp-Im-cp-sS `m-K-Øpw \m-i-\-„ß-fp-≠m-bn. k¿-h-I-em-im-ebpw tIm-f-Ppw kv-Iq-fpw _-ln-jv-I-cn® hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-ƒ {_n-´n-jp-Im¿-s°-Xntc sX-cp-hn-en-d-ßn. am-´pw-K sdbn¬-th kv-t‰-j≥ k-a-c-°m¿ B-{I-an-®p. sI-´n-S-߃ t_mw-_p h-®v X-I¿-Øp. ]q-s\-bn-se kn-\n-amXn-tb-‰-dn¬ t_mw-_v kv-t^mS-\w \SØn A-©p sh-≈-°m-sc sIm-e-s∏-SpØn. \-K-c-Ønse sh-Sn-a-cp∂pim-e A-·n-°n-c-bm°n. \m-Zn-bm-Zn¬ 50 hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-ƒ t]m-en-kn-s‚ sh-Sn-tb-‰p- a-cn®p. ]Sv-\- sk-{I-t´-dn-b-‰ns‚ tK-‰n-\p ap-I-fn¬ k-a-c-°m¿ tZ-io-b]-Xm-I \m-´n-b-Xns\ Xp-S¿-∂p ssk\yw \-S-Øn-b sh-Sn-h-bv-]n¬ G-gp hnZym¿-Yn-Iƒ a-cn-®p. C-Xp _n-lm-dn¬ I-em-]w hym-]-I-am-hm≥ Im-cW-ambn. apw-tK-dn¬ X-I¿-∂p-ho-W hn-am-\-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂ c-≠p {_n-´n-jp-Im-sc {]-t£m-`I¿ A-Sn-®p-sIm-∂p. C-hn-sS 50 t]m-cm-fnIsf ]-´m-fw sh-Sn-h®p- sIm-∂p. ]-c-ip-dmw Km¿-Kns‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ X-kv-Km-hn¬ \S∂ \m-em-bn-c-tØm-fw t]cp≈ I¿-jI - Pm-Yb - v° - p t\sc t]men-kv \-SØn-b sh-Sn-hb - v] - n¬ Km¿-Kv Dƒ∏-sS G-gp-t]¿ a-cn®p. Kp-Pd - m-Øn-se kp°q-dn¬ `-K-Xvkn-Mns‚ B-cm-[-I-\m-b tl-ap-Ie - m-\n F-∂ hn-Zym¿-Yn-bmWv k-ac-Øn-\p t\-XrXzw sIm-Sp-Ø-Xv. ]-´m-f°m¿ k-©-cn® s{S-bn-≥ a-dn-®nSm-\m-bn sd-bn¬-∏m-fw- X-I¿-°p-∂X - n-\nsS tl-aphpw kw-Lhpw ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. 1943 P-\p-hcn-bn¬ tl-ap I-em-\n-sb Xq-°n-te‰n. P-b-{]-Im-iv \m-cm-b¨, h-{P-In-tjm- tl-ap I-em-\n ¿ {]-km-Zv kn-Mv, tUm. ssh-Zy-\m-Y -Qm, iymw-kp-μ¿ {]-km-Zv, Im¿Wn-I {]-km-Zv Xp-S-ßn-b-h-cp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ _nlm-dn-ep-S-\o-fw {_n-´n-jp-Im¿-s°-Xntc H-fn-bp-≤w \-SØn. D-Ø¿-{]-tZ-in-epw _wKm-fnepw A-k-anepw H-do-k-bnepw B-{‘-{]-tZ-inepw ka-cw i-‡am-bn-cp∂p. I -- ¬-°-Ø-bn¬ A-ºpw hn-√pw D-]-tbm-Kn-®p \n-ch-[n t]m-en-kp-Im-sc {]-t£m-`-I¿ sIm-e-s∏-SpØn. an-Uv-\m-]q¿ Pn-√-bnse t]menkv kv-t‰-j≥ ]n-Sn-s®-Sp-°m≥ {i-an-® 20,000 h-cp-∂ k-a-c°m¿-°p-t\-sc ]-´mfw sh-Sn-h-®p. A-k-an-¬ ]-´m-f-°m-¿ k-©-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂ c-≠p Xo-h-≠nIƒ a-dn-®n-´p. 150 ]-´m-f-°m¿ a-cn-®p. t]m-en-kv \-SØn-b sh-Sn-h-bv]n¬ \n-ch-[n k-a-c-°mcpw a-cn®p.

kacw tI-c-f-Øn¬ tI-c-f-hpw X-an-gv-\mSpw I¿-Wm-SI-bpw Dƒ-s∏-Sp-∂ Z-£n-tW-¥ybn¬ k-a-cØ -- n-s‚ -tI{μw a-e-_m¿ B-bn-cp-∂p. kzm-X{¥yk-a-c-N-cn{X-Øn-se G-‰hpw c-‡-cqjn-X A[ym-bamb 1921se Jn-em^-Øv {]t£m-`w a-e-_m-dn-s\ X-f¿Øn-b k-a-b-am-bn-cp-∂p AXv. t_mw-s_bn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂ Nne tkm-jy-en-Ãp-I-ƒ Izn-‰v C¥y k-a-c-sØ i-‡n-s∏-Sp-Øm-\mbn ae-_m-dn-seØn-. tI-f-∏-s‚ aI≥ Ip-™n-cm-a≥ In-Sm-hn-s‚ t\-Xr-XzØn¬ ^-tdm°v ]m-ew X-I¿-°m≥ {i-an-®p. ]q-t°m-´q¿ A-S-ßp-∂ `mK-tØ-°p tIm-gn-t°m-´p \n-∂v ^tdm°v ]m-ew h-gn-bm-bn-cp-∂p {_n-´n-jv ]-´m-fw h-∂n-cp-∂-Xv. {_n-´n-jp-Im¿ ]-Xn-hm-bn D-]tbm-Kn-®p-h-∂ ]m-X-bn-se sd-

bn¬-∏m-f-߃, ]m-ew, tdm-Uv F∂n-h-bpw t]m-en-kv-kvt‰j-\p-Ifpw k¿-°m-¿ Hm-^n-kp-Ifpw t]mcm-fn-Iƒ X-I¿Øp. l¿-Øm¬, s]mXp-tbm-Kw, {]-I-S-\w, ]n-°-‰nMv F-∂o k-a-c-ap-d-Iƒ sIm-≠v a-e_m¿ ap-J-cn-X-am-bn. tI-c-f-Øn¬ k-a-c-Øn-\p t\XrXzw sIm-SpØ tUm. sI. _n. ta-t\m-s\-bpw 40Hmfw t\-Xm-°sf-bpw A-d-Ãv sN-bv-Xp. Izn-‰v C¥y- k-a-c-Øn-\nsS tI-c-f-Øn-¬ {_n-´n-jv ]-´mfw Np-aØnb tI-kpI-fn-¬ {]-[m-\-amWp Io-g-cn-bq¿ t_mw-_v kv-t^m-S\t°-kv. ta-t\m-\pw k-l-{]-h¿-Ø-I-cp-w A-´n-a-dn-{]-h¿-Ø-\-߃ kw-L-Sn∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th-≠ t_mw-_pIƒ \n¿-an-°m≥ Io-g-cn-bq-cn¬ KqVm-tem-N-\ \-S-Øn-sb-∂m-Wp t]m-en-kn-s‚ B-tcm-]Ww. tIknse H-∂mw-{]-Xn ta-t\m≥ Dƒs∏-sS-bp-≈ 27 -t]¿ in-£n-°-s∏´p. ta-t\m-\pw a-‰p 12 -t]¿-°pw X-Shp-in-£ e-`n-®p. C-¥y≥ tkm-jyen-Ãv {]-ÿm-\-Øn-\p t\-Xr-Xzw sIm-Sp-Ø-h-cn¬ {]-ap-J-\m-b tat\m≥ Xr-iq-cn-se sN-dp-Xp-cp-Ønbn-em-Wp P-\n-®-Xv. t_mw-s_-bn¬ Xn-cn-s®-Ønb ta-t\m≥ Km-‘nPn-bpw s\-lv-dp-hpw {]-kw-Kn-°p-∂ k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ ]-s¶-Sp-Øp k-a-cØn¬ k-Po-h-ambn.

3


CMYK

CMYK

4 5- BKkvXv 2013 Xn¶ƒ

5- BKkvXv 2013 Xn¶ƒ

ln-tcm-jn-a-sb X-I¿-Øv aq-∂mw Zn-h-kw \m-Kkm-°n \-K-c-Øn-epw A-ta-cn-° A-Wp-t_mw-_v ]co-£n-®p. P-∏m-\n-se Iyw-jp Zzo-]p-I-fp-sS X-eÿm-\-\-K-c-am-bn-cp-∂p \m-K-km-°n. tem-I bp-≤N-cn-{X-Øn¬ D-]-tbm-Kn-°-s∏-´ c-≠m-a-sØ-bpw HSp-hn-e-sØ-bpw B-‰w-t_mw-_n-s\ ^m-‰v-am≥ (XSn-am-S≥) F-∂m-Wv A-ta-cn-° hn-ti-jn-∏n-®-Xv. bptd-\n-bw 235s‚ \yq-¢n-b¿ ^n-j≥ h-gn-bm-Wp t_mw-_n¬ Du¿-Pw D¬-∏m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏-´-Xv. \m-ep StÆm-fw `m-c-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂ t_mw-_n-s‚ 600 an-√n {Kmw `m-cw sF≥-ssÃ-s‚ k-a-hm-Iy-a-\p-k-cn-®v Du¿-P-am-°n am-‰n-b-Xn-eq-sS 13.--12 In-tem S¨ Sn.-F≥.--Sn-bp-sS kv-t^m-S-Iti-jn-bm-Wp e-`n-®-Xv. F¨-]-Xn-\m-bn-c-tØm-fw B-fp-Iƒ X-Zv-£-Ww acn-°p-I-bpw sXm-Æq-dm-bn-cw ap-X¬ H-cp e-£-Øn\m¬-∏-Xn-\m-bn-cw h-sc a-\p-jy¿ \n-Xy-tcm-Kn-Ifm-bn-Øo-cp-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp.

CMYK

jn-am \-K-c-Øn¬ A-Wp-t_m-w-_n-´-Xv. H-∂-c e-£-Ønte-sd t]-cm-Wp sIm-√-s∏-´-Xv. c-≠p Zn-h-k-Øn\p tijw B-K-kv-Xv H-º-Xn-\v P-∏m-\n-se \m-K-km-°n-bn-epw A-ta-cn-° A-Wp-t_mw-_v h¿-jn-®p. 80,000 t]-cm-Wv B sIm-®p\-K-c-Øn¬ sIm-√-s∏-´-Xv. bp-≤-`o-I-c-Xbn¬ sIm-√-s∏-´ e-£-ß-sf A-\p-kv-a-cn-°m-\pw bp-≤c-ln-X tem-I-Øn-\m-bn {]m¿-Yn-°m-\pw B-K-kv-Xv Bdv tem-Iw ln-tcm-jn-aZn-\ambn B-N-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.

en-‰n¬ t_m-bv ∏m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏-´-Xv. ]-Øp In-tem S¨ kv-t^mS-I-i-‡n-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂ t_mw-_v \n-an-j߃-°p-≈n¬ ]-Xn-\m-bn-c-ß-sf Np-´pNm-ºem-°n.-I-Æ© - n-∏n-°p-∂ {]-Im-ih - pw B-Im-iw-ap-s´ B-fn-∏S- c - p-∂ Xo\m-fh - pw {]-Iº - \ - h - pw ln-tcmjn-am \-Kc - s - Ø hn-gp-ßn. I-ÆS- ® - p Xp-d° - pw apºv B \-K-cw F-cn-™-S-ßp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. t_mw-_n-´ hn-am-\w t]m-epw kvt- ^m-S\ - Ø - n-s‚ i-‡n-bn¬ B-Sn D-e-™p-sh-∂m-Wv ss]-e-‰v t]mƒ Sn-∫‰ - k v- v ]n-∂o-Sp ]-d™ X - v.

A

-Wp-t_mw-s_∂v tIƒ-°p-tºmƒX-s∂ t]-Sn tXm-∂p-∂nt√? Ip-™-\p-dp-ºn-s\ B-\-bv-°p t]-Sn-bm-Wv. Ip-™p-Ip-™v A-Wp-hn-s\-tbm? A-Wp {]-tXy-I A-h-ÿ-bn¬ hn-L-Sn-®m-¬ tem-Iw `-b-°p-∂ A-Wp-t_m-w-_m-bn. \n-b-{¥n-X A-Wp-t_mw-_p-I-fm-Wv Hm-tcm B-W-h-\n-e-bhpw. \yq-t{Sm-Wp-I-sf ]n-Sn-s®-Sp-°p-∂ \n-b-{¥W-Z-fip-Iƒ C-√m-Xn-cp-∂m¬ B-W-h-\n-e-bw A-Wp-t_mw-_mbn am-dpw. \mw s]m-∂p-t]m-se ]-cn-]m-en-°p-∂ B-W-h-\n-e-b-ß-fn¬ tNm¿-® D-≠m-bm¬ F-¥m-hpw ÿn-Xn! A-Xn¬-\n-∂v B-W-h-hnIn-c-Ww D-≠m-bm¬ ^-ew a-s‰m-cp ln-tcm-jn-a-bm-Wv. Aw-K-sshI-ey-ß-fp-≈ X-e-ap-d-bmWp ]n-∂o-Sp P-\n-°p-I. C-¥y-bn¬ 20 B-W-h-\n-e-b-ß-fp-≠v. tI-c-f-Øn-¬ B-W-h\n-e-b-߃ C-s√-¶n-epw X-an-gv-\m-´n-se Iq-S¶p-fw, I¬-∏m-°w, I¿-Wm-S-I-bn-se ssI-K F-∂n-h-bn-ep-≠m-hp-∂ B-W-h-t®m¿® tI-c-f-sØ Im-cy-am-bn _m-[n-°pw. C-Xn-\m-em-Wp X-an-gv-\m-´nse Xn-cp-s\¬-th-en Pn-√-bn-se Iq-S¶p-fw \n-e-b-Øn-s\-Xn-tc \Ωp-sS- \m-´n¬ {]-Xn-tj-[-߃ \-S-°p-∂-Xv.

ln-tcm-jn-a temI-Øv F-hn-sS-sb-¶nepw bp-≤m-¥-co-£w cq-]-s∏-´m¬ ap-∂dn-bn-∏m-bn k-am-[m-\-t{]-an-Iƒ hnc¬-Nq-≠p-∂-Xp ln-tcm-jn-a-bn-te°pw \m-K-km-°n-bn-te-°p-am-Wv. bp-≤`o-I-c-X-bp-sS C-c-I-fm-bn e£-߃ F-cn-™-S-ßn-b P-∏m-\nse c-≠p \-K-c-ß-fm-W-h. tem-I-a\- m-£n-°v C-∂pw sR-´-tem-sS am-{X-ta ln-tcm-jn-a-sbbpw \m-Kkm-°n-sbbpw Hm¿-°m-\m-hq. tem-I-N-cn-{X-Øn-em-Zy-am-bn AWp-t_mw-_v F-∂ k¿-h-\m-i-Imcn P-∏m-\n-se sIm-®p-\-K-c-am-b ln-tcm-jn-a-sb Np-´p-Nm-º-em-°nb Zn-\-am-Wv B-K-kv-Xv B-dv. 68 h¿jw ap-ºv 1945 B-K-kv-Xv B-dn-\mWv A-ta-cn-° P-∏m-\n-se ln-tcm-

CMYK

Fw.]n. hn-t\m-Zv

P-∏m-\n-se ln-tcm-jn-ab - m-Wp tem-IØ - n-emZy-am-bn A-Wp-t_mw-_v ho-Wp \-in-® \-K-cw. Np-tKm-Ip {]-tZ-is - Ø {]-[m-\ P-\h - m-kt- I-{μam-Wp ln-tcm-jn-a. c-≠mw tem-Ib - p-≤Ø - n-s‚ B-cw-`Ø - n¬ P-∏m-\n-se G-gm-as - Ø h-en-b \K-c-am-bn-cp-∂p ln-tcm-jn-a. ln-tcm-jn-a-bp-sS im-¥a - m-b B-Im-iØ - v A-ta-cn-°≥ bp-≤h - n-am\w en-‰n¬-t_m-bv F-∂ Hm-a-\-t∏-cn-´ A-Wpt_mw-_v h¿-jn-®X - v 1945 B-Kk - vX - v B-dn-\v cmhn-se 8.--15\m-Wv. tI-W¬ t]mƒ Sn-∫‰ - vk - v F-∂ ssh-am-\n-I≥ \n-b-{¥n-®n-cp-∂ _n-˛29 kq-∏¿ t^m¿-s{S-kv Ft\m-e tK F-∂ bp-≤h - n-am-\w B-K-kv-Xv B-dn-\p ]p-e¿-s® 2.- -45\m-Wv Sn-\nb≥ Zzo-]n¬-\n-∂p Zp-c¥ - w hn-Xb - v° - m≥ ln-tcmjn-a e-£y-am-°n ]-d∂ - p-b¿-∂X - v. B-bp-[-sa-∂ co-Xn-bn¬ B-Zy-am-bn D-]tbm-Kn-°-s∏-´ A-Wp-t_mw-_m-bn-cp-∂p lntcm-jn-a-bn-te-Xv. ]-Xn-\-øm-bn-cw S¨ Sn.- F -- ≥.S-- n-°p Xp-ey-am-b kv-t^m-S-\-am-bn-cp-∂p ]n-∂oSp \-S-∂-Xv. bp-td-\n-bw 235s‚ \yq-¢n-b¿ ^nj≥ h-gn-bm-Wv Cu t_mw-_n-s‚ Du¿-Pw D¬-

i-h-∏-d-ºm-bn am-dn-b ln-tcm-jn-a C-∂v Ata-cn-°≥ \-K-c-ß-sf sh-√p-∂ \-K-c-am-bn hf¿-∂p-I-gn-™p. tXm¬-°m≥ a-\- n-√m-Ø P-∏m≥ P-\-X-bp-sS \n-›-b-Zm¿-Vy-hpw ITn\m-[zm-\-hp-am-Wp ]p-Xn-b ln-tcm-jn-a\-K-csØ ]-Sp-Øp-b¿-Øn-b-Xv. P-∏m-\n-se G-‰hpw k-º-∂-am-b \-K-c-ß-fn-sem-∂m-Wv C-∂v ln-tcm-jn-a. C-cp-ºv, D-cp-°v, b-{¥-`m-K-߃, {Sm-Iv-‰-dp-Iƒ, I-∏¬, t]-∏¿, Xp-Wn-Ø-c߃, `-£y-km-[-\-߃ F-∂n-h-bp-≠m-°p∂ {]-[m-\ tI-{μw Iq-Sn-bm-Wo \-K-cw. \mK-km-°n-bmhs´, Ct∏mƒ I-∏¬ \n¿am-Ww, F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv F-∂n-h-bp-sS ap-Jy tI-{μ-am-Wv.

\yq-¢n-b¿ ^n-j≥ B-‰-Øn-s‚ tI-{μw c-t≠m A-Xn¬ Iq-Sp-X-tem A-Wp-tI-{μß-fm-bn am-‰p-∂ {]-{In-b-bm-Wv A-Wp-hn-L-S-\w F-∂ \yq-¢n-b-¿ ^n-j≥. A-Wp-t_mw-_p-I-fnepw B-W-h-\n-e-b-ß-fn-epw \yq¢n-b¿ ^n-j≥ h-gn-bm-Wv Du¿Pw D-¬-∏m-Zn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. bp-td-\n-bw, πq-t´m-Wn-bw t]mep-≈ A-Wp-`m-c-ta-‰n-b B-‰-ßfp-sS Nn-e sF-tkm-tSm-∏p-I-fnem-Wv ^n-j≥ \-S-°p-∂-Xv. bp-td\n-bw sF-tkm-tSm-∏m-b bp-˛-235¬ Hm-tcm B-‰-Øn-se-bpw A-WptI-{μ-Øn-se t{]m-t´m-Wp-I-fpsS-bpw \yq-t{Sm-Wp-I-fp-sS-bpw B-sI F-Æw 235 B-Wv. C-Ø-c-Øn-ep-≈ H-cp A-WptI-{μ-Øn-¬ H-cp \yq-t{Sm¨ hoWm¬ A-Xv B \yq-t{Sm-Wn-s\ B-Kn-c-Ww sN-øp-∂p. A-tXm-

\m-K-km-°n-bn¬ h¿-jn-® A-Wp-t_mw-_n¬ \n-∂p-≠m-b ]p-I-]-S-e-߃ 18 In-tem-ao-‰¿ h-sc D-b¿-∂p.

lntcm-jn-a-bn¬ AWpt_mw-_n-´ F-t\me- tK F-∂ hn-am-\-Øn-\-cn-tI A-Xn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂h¿. \-Sp-hn-ep≈-Xv ss]-e-‰v t]mƒ Sn-∫-‰v-kv

1,66,000 t]-cm-Wv Zp-c-¥-Øn¬ Zm-cp-W-am-bn sIm-√-s∏-´-Xv. ]-Xn-\m-bn-c-߃-°p Kp-cp-X-cam-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. Po-h≥ c-£-s∏-´-h¿-°v tdUn-tb-j-s‚ Zp-cn-Xw t]-dn am-c-I-tcm-K-ß-fpam-bn Po-hn-t°-≠n h-∂p. C-∂pw C-hn-sS P-\n°p-∂ Ip-™p-߃ ln-tcm-jn-aZp-c-¥-Øn-s‚ C-c-I-fm-Wv. B-W-h-hn-In-c-W kn≥-t{Umw F∂ am-c-I-tcm-K-Øn-\v C-c-bm-bn C-∂pw \n-c-h[n t]¿ C-hn-sS a-cn-°p-∂p-≠-v.--

sSm-∏w B A-Wp-tI-{μw D-S≥ -X-s∂ c-≠v A-Wp-tI-{μ-ß-fm-bn ]n-f-cp-I-bpw sN-øp-∂p. Cu k-abw \yq-t{Sm-Wp-I-fpw Xm-]-Øns‚ cq-]-Øn¬ Du¿-P-hpw kz-X{¥-am-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. ]p-Xn-b-Xm-bp≠m-hp-∂ c-≠v A-Wp-tI-{μ-ßfp-sS ]n-fiw t\-c-tØ-bp-≠mbn-cp-∂ A-Wp-tI-{μ-Øn-s‚ ]nfi-tØ-°mƒ Ip-d-hm-bn-cn-°pw. C-ß-s\ \-„-s∏-´ ]n-fi-am-Wv sF≥-ss-Ã-s‚ k-a-hm-Iy-{]-Imcw Du¿-P-am-bn am-dp-∂-Xv. B-Wh-\n-e-b-ß-fn-epw A-Wp-t_mw_p-I-fn-ep-sa-√mw ^n-j-\m-Wp \S-°p-∂-Xv.--

CMYK

A-ta-cn-° AWp-t_mw-_n-´-tXm-sS c≠mw tem-I-bp≤w A-h-km-\n®p. A-Xn-\p ti-jw tem-I-bp-≤-߃ \-S-∂n-s√-¶nepw Cdm-Jnepw a‰pw cmk˛ssP-hm-bp-[ß-ƒ D-]-tbm-Kn®p. P-\-e£-߃ sIm√-s∏´p.

ln-tcm-jn-a C-∂v

A-Wzm-bp-[-߃ \m-K-km-°n-bn¬ h¿-jn-® AWp-t_mw-_n¬ \n-∂p-≠m-b ]p-I]-S-e-߃ 18 In-.-ao-. h-sc D-b¿-∂psh-∂p N-cn-{Xw ]-d-bp-∂p. B-W-h{]-h¿-Ø-\-ß-fn¬ h-f-sc D-b¿-∂ Du¿-Pw D¬-∏m-Zn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\m¬ C-h A-Xo-h \-io-I-c-W-ti-jn-bp≈ B-bp-[-ß-fm-Wv. A-Wp-hn-L-S\w aq-ew {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂ B-bp-[ß-fn¬ B-W-h-\n-e-b-ß-fn¬ \n∂p hy-Xy-kv-X-am-bn sk-°‚n-s‚

H-cp sN-dn-b Aw-iw sIm-≠p h-f-scb-[n-Iw A-Wp-tI-{μ-߃ hn-L-Sn°-s∏-Sp-∂p. A-ß-s\ H-cp h-en-b s]m-´n-sØ-dn-bp-sS `o-a-am-b A-fhn¬ Xm-]w D¬-∏m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏-Spw-. C-h-tb-°mƒ \-io-I-c-W-ti-jn-bp≠v A-Wp-kw-tbm-P-\w A-Sn-ÿm\-am-°n-bp-≈ B-bp-[-߃-°v. CØ-cw B-bp-[-ß-sf s]m-Xp-sh hnfn-°p-∂-Xp ssl-{U-P≥ t_mw-_v F-∂m-Wv.--

ssl-{U-P≥ t_mw-_v a-\p-jy≥ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xn¬ G-‰-hpw i-‡-amb kv-t^m-S-\-߃ Dƒ-s°m-≈p-∂ B-bp-[w ssl-{U-P≥ t_mw-_v B-W-t{X. tem-I-\m-iØn-\p-≈ Cu B-bp-[-hpw I-≠p-]n-Sn-®-Xv A-tacn-°X-s∂. ssl-{U-P-≥ t_mw-_n-s‚ ]n-Xm-hv F-tUz-Uv sS√dm-Wv. Du¿-P-X-{¥-⁄-\m-b sS-√dpw K-Wn-X-im-kv-{X-⁄-\m-b Ãm≥-…m-hv D-emapam-Wp sS-e¿ -D-emw F-∂ Hm-a-\-t∏-cn¬ Unssk≥ F-∂ ssl-{U-P≥ t_mw-_n-s‚ cq-]-tcF-tUz-Uv sS√¿ J 1951¬ hn-I-kn-∏n-®-Xv. sF-hn ssa-°v F-∂ tIm-Uv \m-a-Øn¬ 1951 \-hw-_¿ H-∂n-\v ]-k-^n-Iv Zzo-]-k-aq-l-Øn-se F-ep-sK-em-_n¬ A-Xp ]-co-£n-°p-I-bpw sN-bv-Xp. -

\yq-t{Sm¨ t_mw-_v ssl-{U-P≥ t_mw-_v t]m-se A]-I-S-Im-cn-bm-Wv C-Xpw. A-Wpt_mw-_pw ssl-{U-P≥ t_mw-_pw Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈ B-bp-[-߃ h≥ \m-i-\-„w h-cp-Øp-∂-hbm-sW-¶n¬, Iq-Sp-X¬ \m-i-\-„-ap-≠m-°m-sX B-fp-I-sf sIm-√p-I am{Xw sN-øp-∂ t_mw-_mWv \yq-t{Sm¨ t_mw-_v. Enhanced Radiation Bomb F∂pw C-Xn-s\ hn-fn-°p∂p. C-Xn-\p ap-X-em-fn- km-ap-h¬ Ø t_mw-_v F-∂ hnti-j-Whp-ap-≠v. F-∂m¬, C-Xp sI´n-S-߃-°pw h-kv-Xp-h-I-Iƒ-°pw Xo-sc \m-i-ap-≠m-°n-s√-∂-Xp i-cnb-√. hn-kv-t^m-S-sØ-Øp-S¿-∂p-≠mIp-∂ h-en-b -]-¶v Du¿-P-hpw \yqt{Sm¨ hn-In-c-W-ß-fm-bn \m-iw hn-

X-bv-°p-∂ hn-[-Øn-em-Wn-Xn-s‚ cq]-I-¬∏-\. 1963¬ A-ta-cn-°≥ Du¿P-X-{¥-⁄-\m-b km-ap-h¬ Sn. tIml-\m-Wv \yq-t{Sm¨ t_mw-_v \n¿-an®Xv. A-Wp kw-tbm-P\-w h-gn-bm-Wv C-Xp≠m-°p-∂-Xv. A-ta-cn°, d-jy, {^m-≥-kv, ssN-\ F-∂n-h-bm-Wv \yq-t{Sm¨ t_mw-_v ]-co-£-W-߃ \-SØn-b cm-Py-߃. AWpt_mw-_n¬ B-WSn. tIm-l-≥ hhn-In-c-Ww A-©pi-Xam-\-am-sW-¶n-¬ \yq-t{Sm¨ t_mw_n¬ 50 i-X-am-\w h-sc-bm-Wv. I-h-Nn-Xhm-l-\-ß-fn-ep-≈ ]-´mf-°m-sc sIm-e-s∏-Sp-Øm-≥ an-ssken-\p ]-I-c-ap-≈ B-bp-[-am-bm-Wv B-Zyw C-Xp hn-I-kn-∏n-®-Xv.

CMYK

X-Sn-am-S≥

5


6 5- BKkvXv 2013 Xn¶ƒ

5- BKkvXv 2013 Xn¶ƒ

B-W-h-\n-e-b-߃ D

u¿-Pw D¬-∏m-Zn-∏n-°p-∂ B-W-h-\n-e-b-ß-fpw A-Wp-t_mw-_p-Iƒ X-s∂-sb-∂v C-t∏mƒ tem-Iw Xn-cn-®-dn-bp-I-bm-Wv. \yq-¢n-b¿ ^n-j≥ \-SØn Du¿-Pap≠m-°p-∂ B-W-h-\n-e-b-ß-fn-se tdUn-tb-j≥ hn-In-c-W-hpw kv-t^m-S-\-hpw B-W-ht_mw-_n-\p k-am-\-am-b Zp-c-¥-am-bn-cn-°pw kr-„n°p-I.

sN¿-tWm-_n¬ Zpc¥w 1986 G-{]n¬ 26\vv d-jy-bn-se sN¿-tWm-_n¬ B-W-h-\n-e-b-Øn-se A-]-I-S-sØ Xp-S¿-∂p≠m-b Zp-c-¥-Øn¬ 31 t]¿ sIm-√-s∏-s´-∂m-bncp-∂p Hu-tZym-Kn-I IW-°v. A-©pe£tØm-fw t]¿-°v tdUn-tb-j-≥ hn-In-cWw _m-[n-®p. Im≥k¿ A-S-°-ap-≈ am-cI-tcm-K-ß-ƒ _m-[n®v C-t∏m-gpw a-c-Ww Xp-S¿-∂p sIm-≠n-cn°p-∂p.

B-i-¶-Iƒ I-S¬-Øo-c-Øp ÿn-XnsN-øp-∂-Xn-\m¬ Cu \ne-b-sØ kp-\m-an t]m-ep-≈ A-{]-Xo-£n-X {]-Ir-Xnt£m-`-߃ _m-[n-t®-°p-sa-∂ B-i-¶-bp-≠v. BW-h-\n-e-b-Øn-s‚ 5 In.-ao-. Np-‰-f-hn¬ P-\-hm-kw ]m-Sn-√ F-∂ \n-_-‘-\ C-hn-sS ]m-en-®n-´n-√. \n-e-bØn¬ \n-∂v H-cp In-tem-ao-‰-dn-\p-≈n-em-Wv kp-\m-an_m-[n-X-sc ]m¿-∏n-®n-´p-≈ sI-´n-Sw.-tkm-hn-b-‰v bq-\n-b≥ 1980I-fn¬ cq-]-I¬-∏-\ sNbv-X dn-bm-Œ-dp-I-fm-Wv Iq-S¶p-f-Øv F-Øn-°p-∂-Xv. A-Xn-\p-ti-j-ap-≠m-b kp-c-£mkw-hn-[m-\-ß-sfm∂pw Cu dn-bm-Œ-dp-I-fn¬ C-√. djy≥ k¿-°m-cn-s‚ D-S-a-ÿ-X-bn-ep-≈ kn-tbm s]m-tUm-kv-In¬-\n-∂v C-d-°p-a-Xn sN-bv-X dn-bm-Œ¿ `m-K-߃ kp-c-£n-X-as√-∂p ]-d-b-s∏-Sp-∂p.-Iq-S¶p-fw dn-bm-Œ-dn-s‚ b-{¥-`m-K-ß-fn¬ Kp-cp-X-cam-b kp-c-£m Ip-g-∏-ß-fp-≈-Xm-bn C-¥y≥ B-‰-anIv F-\¿-Pn sd-Kp-te-‰-dn t_m¿-Uv ap≥ sN-b¿-am≥ tUm. tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈ hn-Z-Kv-[¿ sh-fn-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. \yq-¢n-b¿ ]-h¿ tIm¿-]-tdj≥ Hm-^v C-¥y-bm-Wv C-¥y-bn-se B-W-h-\n-e-bß-fp-sS \-S-Øn-∏p-Im¿.

D¬-∏m-Z-\ti-jn C-tXm-sS 4780 sa-Km-hm-´m-bn. B-{‘, I¿-Wm-S-I, tI-c-fw, X-an-gv-\m-Sv, ]p-Xp-t®cn F-∂o kw-ÿm-\-߃ C-hn-sS D¬-∏m-Zn-∏n-°p∂ ssh-Zyp-Xn ]-¶n-Sp-∂p.-- X-t±-io-b-am-bn D¬-∏mZn-∏n-°p-∂ bp-td-\n-b-am-Wv Cu \n-e-bw C-‘-\am-bn D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. ssI-K B-W-h πm‚n¬ td-Un-tb-j-\p-≠m-b-Xn-s\-Øp-S¿-∂v Aº-tXm-fw tPm-en-°m-sc B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-thin-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. πm‚n-se Iq-f-dn-ep-≈ sh-≈w IpSn-®-Xm-Wv td-Un-tb-j-\p Im-c-W-am-b-Xv.

C-cp-]-Xn¬ Iq-Sp-X¬ B-W-h-\n-e-b-߃ D-≈ jy, cm-P y-߃ bp.--F-kv.-F, d-m≥ -kv, {^ y, ¥ P-∏m≥, ssN-\, C m-Wv. b h n∂ Z-£n-W sIm-dn-b F

ssN-\-bv-°p h-ep-Xv a-\p-jy¿!

dn-bm-Œ¿ tIm¿ B-W-h dn-bm-Œ-dn¬ AWp-hn-L-S-\w \-S-°p-∂ tI{μ-`m-K-am-Wv- tIm¿ (Im-ºv) F-∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. B-Wh C-‘-\w, io-Xo-Im-cn, \nb-{¥-W-Z-fip-Iƒ, tam-Utd-‰¿ F-∂n-h-bm-Wv Imºn¬ A-S-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂ LS-I-߃.--

dn-bm-Iv-‰-dn¬ D¬-∏m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂ Xm-]w A-hn-sS \n-∂p \o-°n P-ew Xn-f-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\m-bn dn-bm-Iv-‰¿ Im-ºn¬ io-XoIm-cn Nw-{I-a-Ww sN-bv-Xp-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. C-Xp hm-X-I-cq-]Øn-ep-≈-tXm {Zm-h-I-cq-]-Øn-ep-≈-tXm B-hmw. dn-bm-Iv-‰¿ tIm-dn¬-\n-∂p Xm-]w kzo-I-cn-s®m-gp-Ip-∂ io-Xo-Im-cn, Xm-]ssI-am-‰ A-d-bn-te-°v Cu Xm-]w ssI-am-‰w-sN-øp-∂p. A-hnsS P-ew Xn-f-∏n-®v \o-cm-hn-bm-°n am-‰p-∂p. Cu \o-cm-hn D-]tbm-Kn-®v S¿-ss_≥ I-d-°n ssh-Zyp-Xn D¬-∏m-Zn-∏n-°p-∂p.-A-Wp-hn-LS- \ - w \-S° - p-tºm-gp-≠m-hp-∂ \yq-t{Sm-Wp-If - m-Wv a-‰v A-Wp-°s - f ]n-f¿-Øn sN-bn≥ dn-bm-Ivj≥ \n-e\ - n¿-Øp-∂Xv. th-Kw Ip-d™ \yq-t{Sm-Wp-Iƒ-°p th-Kta-- dn-b \yq-t{Sm-WpI-tf-°mƒ F-fp-∏w A-Wp-tI-{μw ]n-f¿-°m≥ km-[n-°pw. th-Kta-dn-b \yq-t{Sm-Wp-Iƒ A-Wp-tI-{μ-Øn¬ X-´n Xn-cn-®p-hc - m-\p≈ km-[y-Xt- b-sd-bm-Wv F-∂X - m-Wv C-Xn-\p Im-cW - w.-A-Wp-hn-L-S-\w \-S-°p-tºmƒ A-Xn-th-K-Øn-ep-≈ \yqt{Sm-Wp-I-fm-Wv D-≠m-hp-∂-Xv. C-°m-c-Ww sIm-≠v an-° dn-bmIv-‰-dp-I-fn-epw \yq-t{Sm-Wp-I-fp-sS th-K-w Ip-d-®v sN-bn≥ dn-bmIv-j≥ \n-e-\n¿-Øp-∂-Xn-\p tam-U-td-‰¿ B-h-iy-am-Wv. km[m-c-W P-ew, L-\-P-ew, {Km-ss^-‰v ap-X-em-b h-kv-Xp-°-fm-Wv tam-U-td-‰-dm-bn D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv.

Iq-f‚v-kv

Iq-S¶p-fw B-W-h-\n-e-bw tem-Iw ap-gp-h≥ B-W-h Du-¿-P-Øn¬-\n-∂p tamNn-X-am-hp-tºm-gm-Wv C-¥y B-W-h-\n-e-b-߃ Xp-Sßp-∂-Xv. Iq-S¶p-f-sØ B-W-h-\n-e-b-Øn¬ A-]-IS-ap-≠m-bm¬ A-Xn-s‚ Zp-c-¥-hym-]v-Xn Xn-cp-h-\-¥]p-cw h-sc F-Øpw.

sN¿-tWm-_n¬ Zp-c-¥-Øn-\p ti-jw 2011 am¿-®v 11\v `q-I-º-Øn-epw kp-\m-an-bn-epw P-∏m-\n-se ^p-Ip-jn-a B-W-h-\n-e-bw X-I-¿-∂-Xm-Wv tem-I-sØ c-≠m-a-sØ h-en-b B-W-h dn-bm-Œ¿ A-]-I-Sw.

X-an-gv-\m-´n-se Xn-cp-s\¬-th-en Pn-√-bn-ep-≈ BW-h-\n-e-b-am-Wv Iq-S¶p-fw. 1988¬ {]-[m-\-a-{¥n cmPo-hv Km-‘n-bpw tkm-hn-b-‰v {]-kn-U‚ v an-Jm-tb¬ tKm¿-_-t®-hpw X-Ωn¬ \-S-∂ I-cm-dn-em-Wv C-Xp-ambn _-‘-s∏-´ B-Zy \-b-tc-J cq-]-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. 2001-¬ hn-i-Z-am-b ]-≤-Xn-tc-J-bn¬ C-cp-cm-Py-ß-fpw H-∏p-h®p. 2002 sa-bv am-k-Øn¬ \n¿-am-W-{]-h¿-Ø-\-߃ B-cw-`n-®p. d-jy≥ km-t¶-Xn-I k-lm-b-tØm-sS-bmWv 13,000 tIm-Sn cq-] sN-e-hn¬ Iq-S¶p-f-Øv B-Wthm¿-P \n-e-bw ]-Wn-bp-∂-Xv.-Iq-S¶p-f-Øv 1000 sa-Km-hm-´v ho-X-ap-≈ c-≠p djy≥ dn-bm-Iv-S-dp-Iƒ D-]-tbm-Kn-°m-\m-Wp Xo-cp-am\n-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. C-¥y-°p bp-td-\n-bw k-ºp-„o-I-cn°m-\p-≈ πm‚ v C-√m-Ø-Xn-\m-¬ C-Xn-s‚ C-‘-\w ]q¿-W-am-bn C-d-°p-a-Xn sN-tø-≠n h-t∂-°pw. kºp-„ bp-td-\n-bw B-Wv C-Xn-\p th-≠ C-‘-\w. dnbm-Œ-dpw A-Xn-s‚ D-]-I-c-W-ß-fpw d-jy≥ \n¿-an-Xam-Wv. Du¿-tPm¬-∏m-Z-\-Øn-s‚ B-Zy {]-{In-b-bm-b sN-bn≥ dn-bm-Iv-j≥ 2013 Pq-sse 13 A¿-[-cm-{Xn-tbmsS Hu-tZym-Kn-I-am-bn B-cw-`n-®p.

Du¿-tPm¬-∏m-Z-\w

BWh dnbm-IväÀ

\nb{¥nXamb coXnbn¬ AWphnLS\w \SØn Du¿tPm¬∏mZ\w \SØp∂ D]IcWamWv BWhdnbmIv‰¿. CXp ÿm]n°p∂ \n-e-b-amWv BWh\n-ebw. dnbmIv‰¿ Hcp kw`cWnbmWv; CXn\p≈n¬ BWh C‘\w AWphnLS-\Øn\p hnt[bambn Xmt]m¿Pw D¬∏mZn∏n°p∂p. hnLS-\Øn\p hnt[bamhp∂ AWp°ƒ \yqt{SmWpIsf ]pd¥-≈p∂p. Cu \yqt{SmWpIƒ a‰v AWptI{μßfn¬ ]Xn®v Ahsbbpw hnLSn∏n®v sNbn≥ dnbmIvj≥ kwPmXam-hp-∂p. sNbn≥ dnbmIvj\pw D¬∏mZn∏n°s∏Sp∂ Xm]hpw ÿn-camb \nc°n¬ \S°p∂Xn\p dnbmIv‰dns‚ Imºn¬ (Core) \nb{¥WZfipIfpw \yqt{SmWpIfpsS thKw \nb{¥n®v AWphnLS\w Imcy£aam°p∂Xn\p tamU td‰dpw D≠m-bncn°pw.

7

ssI-K B-W-h-\n-e-bw

I¿-Wm-S-I-bn-se D-Ø-c I-∂-U Pn-√-bn-se Im-fn \-Zn-°p k-ao-]w ssI-K F-∂ ÿ-e-Øp ÿn-XnsNøp-∂ B-W-h-\n-e-b-am-Wp ssI-K. Cu B-W-h-i‡n \n-e-bw {]-h¿-Ø-\-am-cw-`n-®-Xv 2000 Øn-em-Wv. 2011 P-\p-h-cn 19\p dn-bm-Œ¿ Z-£n-W ssh-Zyp-X irw-Je-bp-am-bn Iq-´n-bn-W-°n. cm-Py-Øn-s‚ B-W-thm¿-P

36,000 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS B-W-h-]-≤-Xn P\-Io-b{]-Xn-tj-[w Im-c-Ww ssN-\ D-t]£n-°p-tºm-gm-Wv \mw ]u-c∑m--cp-sS Po-h≥ A-h-K-Wn-°p-∂-Xv. sX-°≥ ssN-\-bn-se Kzm-Mv-tUm-Mv {]-hn-iy-bn-se t]ƒ dn-h¿ sU¬-‰ hy-h-km-b ta-J-e-bn-em-Wv B-W-h\n-e-bw Xp-S-ßm≥ ]-≤-Xn-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. C-hn-sS 230 sl-Œ¿ ÿ-e-am-Wv C-Xn-\m-bn I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. bp-td-\n-bw k-ºp-„o-I-c-WØn-\p-≈ B-W-h-\n-e-b-am-Wv hn-`m-h-\ sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. {]-Xn-h¿-jw 1000 S¨ bp-td\n-bw k-ºp-„o-I-c-Ww D-t±-in-°p-∂ B-Wh\n-e-bw th-s≠-∂p h-®-Xv {]m-tZ-in-I `-cW-Iq-S-am-Wv.

B-W-h-\n-e-b-߃ A-\n-hm-cy-tam? cm-Py-Øv \n-c-h-[n B-W-h-\n-e-b-߃ D-≠mbn-´pw ssh-Zyp-Xn D¬-∏m-Z-\cw-K-Øp Im-cy-am-b t\-´w D-≠m-bn-´n-s√-∂p hn-a¿-i-I¿ ]-d-bp-∂p. BW-h-\n-e-b-ß-fn-se am-en-\y-߃ Kp-cp-X-c-am-b {]-Xym-Lm-X-߃ kr-„n-°pw. B-W-h-\n-e-b߃ hn-k¿-Pn-°p-∂ B-W-h-am-en-\y-߃ \o°wsN-øp-I Ku-c-h-ta-dn-b {]-iv-\-am-Wv. B-bn-cw h¿-jw I-gn-™m-epw \-„-s∏-Sm-Ø-Xm-Wv Cu amen-\y-ß-fn-se B-W-h-ti-jn.-ap≥-Im-e-ß-fn¬ hn-I-kn-X-cm-Py-߃ s]-´nI-fn¬ A-S-°wsN-bv-Xv B-g-°-S-en¬ \n-t£-]n® B-W-h-am-en-\y-߃ C-t∏mƒ h-en-b ]m-cnÿn-Xn-I {]-iv-\-ß-fm-Wp kr-„n-°p-∂-Xv. A¥m-cm-{„ B-W-h G-P≥-kn, C-Ø-c-Øn¬ am-en\yw I-S-en¬ \n-t£-]n-°p-∂-Xp \n-tcm-[n-®n-cn°p-I-bm-Wv.

^n-j≥ dn-bm-Iv-j-s‚ ^-e-ambn h-f-sc-tb-sd Xm-]w D-≠m-hp∂p. Cu Xm-]w tIm-dn-\p ]p-dØp sIm-≠p-h-cp-∂-Xn-\v D-]tbm-Kn-°p-∂ {Zm-h-I-ß-fm-Wv Iq-f‚ v-kv. D-∂-X a¿-±-Øn-ep-≈ P-e-hpw {Zm-h-I-tem-l-ß-fpw Iqf‚ v-kv B-bn D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p.

-BWh dn-bm-Œ-dn-s‚ {]-h¿-Ø-\w \n-b-{¥n°m-\p-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂ tem-l-Z-fip-Iƒ hgnbm-Wv dn-bm-Œ-dn-\I-sØ sN-bn≥ dn-bm-Ivj-s\ \n-b-{¥n-°p-∂-Xv.

td-Un-tb-j≥ X-S-b¬ \yq-¢n-b¿ ^n-j≥ \-S-°ptºmƒ Km-am hn-In-c-W-߃ t]m-ep-≈ hn-\m-i-Im-cn-I-fmb hn-In-c-W-߃ D-≠m-hmdp-≠v. C-h-bn¬-\n-∂p Po-hPm-e-ß-sf kw-c-£n-°p-∂Xn-\p-th-≠n tIm-dn-\pw dnbm-Œ-dn-\pw Np-‰p-am-bn I-´nIq-Sn-b I-dp-Øo-b ]m-fn-Ifpw tIm-¨-{Io-‰v ]m-fn-I-fpw D-]-tbm-Kn-®p I-h-N-ap-≠m°p-∂p. A-Xn-\m-em-Wv ]p-dtØ-°p hn-In-c-Ww C-√m-Xncn-°p-∂-Xv. B-W-h-dn-bm-Œ-dn-s‚ {]h¿-Ø-\w \n-b-{¥n-°m-\m-

bn D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂ tem-l-Zfip-Iƒ dn-bm-Œ-dn-s‚ Imºn-te-°n-d-°n-bpw ]p-d-tØ°p h-en-®p-am-Wv dn-bm-Œ-dn-\I-sØ sN-bn≥ dn-bm-£-s\ \n-b-{¥n-°p-∂-Xv. Z-fiv AI-tØ-°n-d-ßp-tºmƒ sNbn≥ dn-bm-Iv-j≥ a-μ-K-Xn-bnem-hp-I-bpw ]p-d-tØ-°p hen-°p-tºmƒ dn-bm-Iv-j-≥ tXm-Xv Iq-Sp-I-bpw sN-øp-∂p.-\n- b - { ¥- W - Z - fi p- I - f n¬ \yq-t{Sm-Wp-I-sf B-Kn-c-Ww sN-øm≥ I-gn-hp-≈ t_m-tdm¨, Im-Uv-an-bw Xp-S-ßn-b aqe-I-߃ A-S-ßn-bn-cn-°pw. Z-fiv dn-bm-Œ-dn-te-°n-d°p-tºmƒ sN-bn≥ dn-bm-Ivj-\p Im-c-W-am-hp-∂ \yqt{Sm-Wp-I-sf C-h B-Kn-cWw sN-øp-∂-Xn-\m¬ dn-bmIv-j≥ Ip-d-bp-∂p. A-h-iyL-´-ß-fn¬ sN-bn≥ dn-bm-Ivj-s\ ]-cn-]q¿-W-am-bn \n¿Øn dn-bm-Œ-dn-s‚ {]-h¿-Ø\w \n¿-Øp-∂-Xn-\pw \n-b{¥-W-Z-fip-Iƒ D-]-tbm-Kn®v km-[n-°pw.

B-W-hhn-In-c-Ww B-Wh - t- ®m¿-® D-≠m-hp-It- bm B-Wh - amen-\y-߃ i-cn-bm-bn kw-kv-I-cn-°m-Xn-cn-°pI-tbm sN-bv-Xm¬ A-Wp-°ƒ ssP-h-tIm-iß-sf \-in-∏n-°p-w. t{]m-´o≥ X-∑m-{X-Isf hn-L-Sn-∏n-°p-Ibpw P-\n-XI - ssh-Iey-߃-°p Im-c-Wam-hp-I-bpw sN-øpw. Km-am hn-In-c-W-߃ Un.--F≥.--F. X-∑m{X-bn-¬ P-\n-X-I ]cn-h¿-Ø-\w D-≠m- tdUn-tb-j≥ _m-[n-® Ip´n °p-∂p. A-Wp hn-In-cW - w Im≥-kdn-\pw Im-cW-am-hp-∂p. C-Xp {]-Ir-Xn-bn-se ssP-h-sshhn-[yw \-in-∏n-°p-∂p.

]T-\{]-h¿-Ø-\-߃

A-]-I-S-km-[y-X dn-bm-Œ-dn-\-I-Øp \-S-°p-∂ sN-bn≥ dn-bm-Ivj≥ A-\n-b-{¥n-X-am-hp-I-tbm io-Xo-I-c-W-kw-hn[m-\w {]-h¿-Ø-\-c-ln-X-am-hp-I-tbm sN-bv-Xm¬ Im-ºn-se Xm-]-\n-e h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw h¿-[n-°p-Ibpw Im-ºpw A-Xn-s‚ I-h-N-ß-fpw s]m-´n-sØ-dn°p-I-bpw `o-a-am-b Zp-c-¥-Øn¬ I-em-in-°p-I-bpw sN-øpw. C-Ø-cw {]-iv-\-߃ ]-e B-W-h-\n-e-bß-fn-epw kw-`-hn-®n-´p-≠v. d-jy-bn-se sN¿-tWm_n¬ Zp-c-¥w D-Zm-l-c-W-am-Wv.--

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en-‰n¬ t_m-bn-bm-tbm X-Sn-am-S-\m-tbm Hcp hn-Zym¿-Yn th-j-an-´v ¢m-kv dq-an-se-ØpI. Xp-S¿-∂v ln-tcm-jn-a-˛-\m-K-km-°n Zp-c¥-ß-sf-°p-dn-®p hn-h-cn-°p-I.-ln-tcm-jn-aZn-\-Øn¬ bp-≤-hn-cp-≤-˛ BW-h-hn-cp-≤ N¿-®-Iƒ kw-L-Sn-∏n-°mw. A-[ym-]-I-cp-sS k-lm-b-tØm-sS bp-≤hn-cp-≤ dm-en-Iƒ \-S-Ømw. t_mw-_p-Iƒ Dƒ-s∏-sS B-bp-[-ß-fp-sS Nm¿-´v D-≠m-°mw. ˛F.-Fkv


Thejas Epaper school Edition 2013/08/05