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thÀ-]mSv

KOCHI

tPm¬ Nm-t¡m

]-co-Xv-Ip-ªv

km-\p-tam³

¢o-ä-kv

th-Wp-tKm-]m-e-ta-t\m³

tIm-X-aw-K-ew: Du-∂pI¬ X-Sn-°p-fw I-gp-XmsXm-≠n¬ (]p-en-bmw-Ipt∂¬) tPm¨ Nm-t°m (70). kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se10\vv X-e-t°m-Sv sk‚ v ta-co-kv bm-t°m_m-b ]-≈n-bn¬. `m-cy; ta-cn, A-Sn-am-en 12mw ssa¬ \n-c-h-Øp-I-≠-Øn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: an\n, _n-Pp, Pn-tbm. a-cp-aI≥: k-Pn.

Im-°-\m-Sv: Im-°-\m-Sv A-Øm-Wn-bn¬ Nn-t‰Øv C-f-h-°m-Sv aq-ebn¬ B-en a-I≥ ]-coXv-Ip-™v (83). J-_-d-S°w C-∂v 10\vv Ip-gn-°m´v aq-e Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬. a-°ƒ: C-{_m-lnw, \_o-k,(]-tc-Xm-b) ^mØn-a, P-ao-e , A-–p¬ A-ko-kv. `m-cy: lm-P-dm _o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _-jo¿, ap-lΩ-Zv, ap-l-Ω-Zm-en, k-^nb,P-ko-\.

]-d-hq¿: G-gn-°-c Ip-X¥-d-bn¬ ho-´n¬ km-\ptam≥ (km-\-∏≥-˛49 ). `m-cy: jo-_. a-°ƒ: A\p-tZ-hv, B-Im-iv.

B-ep-h: ap-\n-kn-∏¬ Xr°p-∂-Øv ]q-Δ-Øn-¶¬ Nm-t°m a-I≥ ¢o-‰-kv(56). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-Ign-™v 3\v B-ep-h sk-‚ v {^m≥-kn-kv tk-thy-gv-kv sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ta-cn. a-°ƒ: Pn-b,PnXn≥.

]q-Wn-Øp-d:I-tÆm-°S e-£v-an hn-lm-dn¬ thWp-tKm-]m-e-tat\m≥(79). F-Iv-kv B¿an kp-t_-Zm¿.kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 10\v Xr-∏q-Wn-Øp-d s]m-Xpiv-a-im-\-Øn¬. `m-cy: A-Ωn-Wn-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: Kn-co-jv Ip-am¿, j¿-an-f, c-iv-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n-Xy, tam-l≥-Ip-am¿, {]-Zo-]v {]-`m-I¿.

Ir-jv-W³ Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: I-≠w-Ip∂n-se a-t\m-fn lukn¬ s\-eym-S≥ Ir-jvW≥ (80). `m-cy: ]m-©p. a-°ƒ: {io-[-c≥, ]-fln\n, k-l-tZ-h≥.

am[-hn tIm-´qfn: X-d-Ω¬ am-[hn (65). `¿-Ømhv: cmP≥.

tKm-hn-μ³ ta-t\m≥-]m-d: sN-dn-b I-≈n-bw-]m-d sI tKmhn-μ≥ (76). `m-cy: I-aem-£n, a-°ƒ: c-ho{μ≥ (_n.F-kv.F≥. F¬), P-\m¿-Z-\≥, Atim-I≥ (_n-h-td-P-kv tIm¿-]-td-j≥), k-ltZ-h≥, c-Lp-\m-Y≥, kp-Pm-X. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ir-jv-W≥ (_n.F-kv.F≥.F¬), X-¶-aWn, k-tcm-Pn-\n.

A-Ðp-Ã-¡p-«n- lm-Pn sIm-bn-em-≠n: ]-g-b-Ime ap-kvenw -eo-Kv t\-Xmhpw ap≥ ]-©m-b-Øv {]kn-U‚p-am-b Fw A-_-v Zp-√-°p-´n- lm-Pn (99). ASn-b-¥-cm-h-ÿm-Im-e-Øv A-d-Ãv sN-ø-s∏-´v 40 Zn-hkw P-bn¬-hm-k-a-\pjvTn-®n-´p-≠v.

Sq-dn-Ìv _-Ên-Sn-¨v ImÀ bm-{Xn-I³ a-cn-¨p

hÀ-Ko-kv

sF-jm-_o-hn

Zn-eo-]v Ip-amÀ

Ip-Øp-Ip-gn: I-∂-∏n≈n¬ h¿-Ko-kv(h-°®≥-˛75). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p- cm-hn-se 9\v I-h-fßm-Sv sk‚ v tPm¨-kv ko-\m-bv bm-t°m-_m-b kp-dn-bm-\n ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: IpØp-Ip-gn sIm-f-tº¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw km-dm-Ω. a-°ƒ: s_-∂n, A-Pntam≥. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: tIm-gn∏n-≈n a-Æm¿-°-c jo-e, tIm-gn-∏n-≈n Im-´p-Nn-d Po-_.

Nm-e-°p-Sn: am-{º F-cbmw-Ip-Sn \-S-bv-°-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b _m-hp Ip-™n-bp-sS a-Iƒ sFjm-_o-hn(43).

am-f: tX-≠-°m-c≥ A-ø∏p-™n-bp-sS a-I≥ Zn-eo]v-Ip-am¿(53). `m-cy: kn‘p.

_o-]m-¯p-½ ^-tdm-°v: ]p-s‰-°m-Sv ]tc-X-\m-b sI ]n AØ≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy _o-]m-Øp-Ω (95).

31 am¿®v 2014 Xn¶ƒ

_n-¿m-¯p Nm-∏-\-ßm-Sn: ]-tc-X\m-b h-S-°≥ a-Ωp-´n-bpsS `m-cy _n-øm-Øp(73). a-°ƒ: k-eow, iw-kp.-

A-^v-kÀ X-e-t»-cn: Nn-c-°-c ]≈n-Øm-g A-ø-e-Øv kvIq-fn-\p k-ao-]w _-n-kvan-√-bn¬ ]m-Xm-dp-Ω¬ A-^v-k¬ (46). ]-tc-X\m-b sI ]n A- p-hns‚-bpw dm-_n-b-bp-sSbpw a-I-\m-Wv. `m-cy: jao-\. a-°ƒ: s_≥-kod, \n-lm¬, \n-Zm¬. ktlm-Z-c-߃: kn-bm-Zv, Pm-_n¿, ko-\-Øv, X_o-P, j-ao-d.

t{X-ky

ta-cn

Nm-t¡m

hn-f-½

kp-`-{Z

hn-jv-Wp

dt_¡

D-Wn-Nn-d: ap-´-tØm-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ss]-en-bpsS `m-cy t{X-ky (96). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 3.30\v tXm-∏n¬ ta-cn dm-Wn ]≈n-bn¬. ]-tc-X In-g-°º-ew tIm-bn-°-c Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: kn ta-cn B≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b F-en-k-_-Øv(bp.Fkv.F), am-Xyq-kv(bp.Fkv.F), B‚-Wn(P¿-Ω\n), tPm-k-^v ap-´-tØm´n¬(tI-c-f-am-kv-‰¿ {]nt‚-gv-kv A-tkm-kn-tbj≥ {]-kn-U‚ v), ta-cn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: G-en-°p-´n tIm-bn-°-c (bp.Fkv.F.), t{X-kym-Ω (P¿Ω-\n), ta-cn , B-‚-Wn I√q¿.

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: B-thm-en ]m-e-°m-´v ]-tc-X-\m-b am-Xy-hn-s‚ `m-cy tacn(85). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 3,30\v B-\n°m-Sv sk‚ v sk-_mÃy≥-kv ]-≈n Ip-Spw-_I-√-d-bn¬. ]-tc-X Ip-amc-aw-K-ew h-S-°pw-]-dºn¬ Ip-Sw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: ta-gv-kn, tPm-k^o-\, ^m≥-ko-\, F-enk-_-Øv, ]-tc-X-bm-b ]u-fo-\, tSm-an, sP-bn≥ am-Xyp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm¨ sIm-®p-ap-´w, G\m-s\-√q¿ tPm-kv Ip∂w-tIm-´v sXm-Sp-]p-g, B-≥-kn h-´-a-e-Ip-t∂¬ ap-X-e-t°m-Sw.

am-f: tIm-´-ap-dn sX-‰-bn¬ F-Sm-´p-Im-c≥ am-ØpÆn Nm-t°m(81). `m-cy: do-Ø. a-°ƒ: ssd-\n, _m-_p, t_m-_n. a-cp-a°ƒ: tXm-a-kv, en- n, doP.

Ip-º-f-ßn: ]-©m-bØv Hm-^n-kn-\p-k-ao]w ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-t{Xmkn-s‚ a-Iƒ hn-fΩ(88). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂pcm-hn-se 10\v.

]m-h-d-´n: sh≥-ta-\m-Sv tIm-∂≥-_-km¿ tIm-cnt»-cn ]-tc-X-\m-b Ir-jvW≥-°p-´n-bp-sS a-Iƒ kp-`-{Z (81). kw-kv-°mcw C-∂v cm-hn-se H-ºXn-\v tIm-´-∏-Sn iv-a-im-\Øn¬ \-S-Øpw.

a-\-s°m-Sn: ]p-≈v kz-tZin I-Sp-°m-´v jm-Pn-bp-sS a-I≥ hn-jv-Wp (20). -A-Ω: jo-P. k-tlm-Z-cn: {io-Xp.

F-S° - c - : Un.-ssh.-F^v.sF kw-ÿm-\ sk{I-´d - n Fw kz-cm-Pns‚ amXmhv sR-´n-°p-fw kpam \ - n-hm-kv kp-amw-Kn-bΩ. `¿Ømhv: ap-cf - o-[c - ≥ \m-b¿ - . (58). aIƒ: kz-]v\ (-_mw•q¿). a-cp-a° - ƒ: C tKm-]m-eI - r-jvW - ≥, l-cn-X.

l-k-bv\mÀ lm-Pn

B-bn-i l-Öp-½

]∑-\: sIm√-I, ]-≠-Iim-e-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]n sP tPm¿-Pn-s‚ `m-cy d-t_-°(81). a°ƒ: tPm-k^v, kmaph¬, _o-\m-Ω, ^nen∏v, km-dm-Ω. a-cpa°ƒ: kqk-Ω, C ]n tPm¨, tPmfn, sN-dn-bm≥ tPm¿Pv, ]-tc-X-bm-b tamfn.

s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: ]md¬ F-Sm-bn-°¬ sNΩ≥-Ip-gn-bn¬ lkbv-\m¿ lm-Pn. a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, Ju-eØv, D-ssa-_, k-^nb, k¬-a-Øv, a-dn-b, d-jo-Z, k-do-\, km\n-_, sam-bv-Xo≥, l\o-^, d-^o-Jv.

_-Zn-bS- p-°: am-SØ - S- p°-bn-se Fw Fw sam-bvXo≥Ip-™n-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-i l-÷p-Ω (47). a-°ƒ: kp-lvd - , k-do-\, A-kvl - d - p-±o≥, Zn¬-jmZv, dn-kvh - m≥. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-ko-kv (J-Ø¿), a-jvlq-Zv (ku-Zn).

th-em-bp-[³

Ip-«³ \m-bÀ

I-cp-Wm-I-c³

cm-Pp

Aw-_n-I

jm-Pn-\n

a-\-s°m-Sn: In-g-°pw-]pdw ]-≈n-∏m-´v Ip-´≥ \mb¿ (94). `m-cy: X-¶-a-Wn. a-°ƒ: c-hn, kp-`-{Z, hn-Pb, tam-l-\≥, tKm-hnμ≥, D-Æn-tam≥, _m-_p´≥, kv-an-X, {]n-b, c-Xojv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-tcm-Pn\n, \m-cm-b-W≥, Kw-Km[-c≥, A-\n-X, en-Pn, an\n,cm-a-N-{μ≥, in-h≥.

Ip-a-c-Iw: sX-°pw `m-Kw B-‰p-]p-dw ho-´n¬ I-cpWm-I-c≥ (82). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v ]-I¬ c-≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. Ip-a-c-Iw ssX-Ø-d ho-´n¬ X-¶-Ωbm-Wv `m-cy: a-°ƒ: kpK-‘-Ω, sse-e, jo-e. acp-a-°ƒ: A-\n-b≥, c-hn, jm-Pn.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ITn\w-Ip-fw th¬ `-h-\n¬ I-cp-Wm-I-c-s‚ `m-cy Aw-_n-I (52).

sIm√w: apJ-Ø-e Ip-dpa-Æ-bn¬ \-μ-\-Øn¬ {]_p≤-s‚ `mcy jm-Pn\n(47˛A-[ym-]n-I K-h. F¬.]n.F-kv, apJ-Øe). a°ƒ: A-c-hn-μv {]_p, A-a¬ {]_p.

am-f: tIm-´-ap-dn em-en-bw ]-d-ºn¬ Ip-dp-º≥ them-bp-[≥(60). `m-cy: Aw_n-I. a-°ƒ: {]n-b, {]oXn, {]n≥-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tJ-jv, _n-Pp.

tXm-a-kv C-cn-°q¿: s]-cp-h-f-Øp]-d-ºv s]-t{Sm-ƒ-]-ºn-\v k-ao-]w sN-dn-bm-≠n lu-kn¬ Sn tXm-a-kv (52). `m-cy: kn tcm-ln-Wn. a°ƒ: k-‘y, k-Rv-P-bv (C-cp-h-cpw hn-Zym¿-YnIƒ). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ta-cn, X-øm-Ω, F¬-kn, h¬-k, ]-tc-X-\m-b cmPp.

kp-amw-Kn-b-½ -

cm-L-h³

eo-e amtØm´w: ]-tc-X\m-b Im-´p-]-dº-Øv tKm-]m-es‚ `m-cy eo-e (75). a°ƒ: hn-Pb≥ (an¬-a _q-Øv, am-tØm-´w), Knco-jv-Ip-am¿ (sI Pn kvt‰m¿, am-tØm-´w), {]-aof.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: X-¶-bsØ Iq-Øq¿ cm-L-h≥ (80). `m-cy: Sn im-¥-Ipam-cn (]-©m-b-Øv ap≥ Aw-Kw). a-°ƒ: {]-im¥v (tkm-^v-‰v-sh-b¿ F≥-Pn-\o-b¿, F-d-WmIp-fw), [-\y.

]m-tem-Sv: Ip-≠m-Sv Bcym `-h-\n¬ sI cm-Pp (40). `m-cy: B¿ _n-μp. aIƒ: B-cy.

ap-l-½-Zv

im-´-Ip-am-cn ^-tdm-°v: ]-tc-X-\m-b ]q-tX-cn tKm-]m-e-s‚ `m-cy I-b-tem-´v im-¥Ip-am-cn (76). a-°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv-Ipam¿ (]q-tX-cn t{]m-]¿t´¿-kv ss{]-h-‰v en-an-‰Uv), {]-im-¥v (Zp-_bv), _n-μp (tX-™n-∏-ew tIm-˛-Hm-]-td-‰o-hv _m¶v). a-cp-a-°ƒ: \o-\, hn-Zy, kp-\n¬-Ip-am¿. k-©b-\w hym-gm-gvN.

]p-en-°p-∂v: Im-k¿tIm-Uv am¿-°-‰v tdmUn¬ A-c-\q-‰m-≠p Ime-tØm-fw hym-]m-cn-bmbn-cp-∂ ]p-en-°p-∂v s^-dn I-S-hv tdm-Un-se sI F ap-l-Ω-Zv (84). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: d-km-Jv, e-Øo^v, sam-bv-Xo≥ Ip-™n, A-ko-kv, lm-jnw, Xmcn-kv, km-Zn-Jv, a-lv-jqJv, _o-^m-Øn-a, ssa-aq\, B-bn-j, J-Zo-P.

^m-¯n-a B-e-∏p-g: \-K-c-k-`m tÃ-Un-bw hm¿-Un¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]-Sn-™m-sd jm-^n a-l-√v ap-Ø-h-√n A-–p-√m bm-^n-bp-sS ]p-{Xn-bpw ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zv bm-^n-bp-sS ^m-Øn-a (ssk-\-_mbm-^n-˛90)-. B-e-∏p-g ss]-ßm-aTw Ip-Spw-_mwK-am-Wv. a-I-≥: ]-tc-X-\mb A-_q-_-°¿ bm-^n (tIm-bm-∏q), a-cp-a-°ƒ: ko-\-Øv bm-^n.

_o-cm³- lm-Pn A-c-b-t¶m-Sv: A-°-csØm-Sn-I-bn¬ _o-cm≥lm-Pn (70). `m-cy: B-bni -_o-hn. a-°ƒ: P-amep-±o≥ (Pn-±), ap-l-Ω-Zv A-jv-d-^v ({Ku-≠v hm´¿ Un-]m¿-´v-sa‚ v), \mk¿.

]o-äÀ

tXm-∏pw-]-Sn: I-gp-Øp-ap´v ]-h¿ lu-kn-\p k-ao]w ]-≈n-∏-d-ºn¬ ]o‰¿(67). a¿-®‚ v t\-hn D-tZym-Kÿ-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: t{K-kn. a-°ƒ: an-\n, ant\-jv(a¿-®‚ v t\-hn), l-ao-Zv an¬-´≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: s^X-e-t»-cn: tIm-tWm¿ ev-In-kv,Sn‚p. kw-kv-Imh-b¬ k-Io-\m a≥-kn- cw C-∂p- cm-hn-se 10.30\v en¬ bp sI l-ao-Zv (72). I-gp-Øp-ap-´v km≥-tXmw tZ-hm-e-b -sk-an-tØ-cn`m-cy: Sn ]n k-Io-\. a°ƒ: l-ko-\, A-kv-ew, bn¬. jw-ko¿, iw-j-Øv, t_- ]mÀ-h-Xnb-½ \-ko¿, jm-\-hm-kv (X- sh-≈n-am-SvI - p∂v: ]-tce-t»-cn ap-\n-kn-∏¬ X\m-b s]-cn-°t- ©-cn Iu¨-kn-e¿), dm-jn-Zv, ti-Jc - ≥ \m-bc - p-sS `mapw-Xm-kv, ssk-_p-∂ncy Nn-d° - ¬ ]m¿h-Xn k, \p-kv-d-Øv. A-Ω (87).

ssk-\-_ a-t©-cn: ap-kv-enw -eo-Kv kw-ÿm-\ P-\-d¬ sk{I-´-dn-bpw cm-Py-k-`mw-Khpw U-]yq-´n kv-]o-°-dpam-bn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X-\m-b sIm-c-º-bn¬ A-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy Ip-gnºm-S-Øv ssk-\-_ (74). ]n-Xm-hv: C-ºn-®n A-l-Ω-Zv. am-Xm-hv: dp-Jnb. a-I≥: ap-l-Ω-Z-en (am-t\-Pn-Mv U-b-d-Œ¿, sIm-c-º-bn¬ tlm-kv]n-‰¬, a-t©-cn).

A-º-e-∏p-g: kw-Ko-X ]-cn-]m-Sn A-h-X-cn-∏n-®v a-S-ßpI-bm-bn-cp-∂ kw-Lw k-©-cn-® Im-dn¬ Sq-dn-Ãv _ n-Sn-®v Im¿ bm-{Xn-I≥ a-cn-®p. c-≠pt]¿-°p ]-cnt°--‰p. sIm-®n tIm¿-]-td-j≥ 19mw Un-hn-j-\n¬ sFiz-cym sse-\n¬ In-S-tß-g-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b {io-[-cta-t\m-s‚ a-I≥ cm-[m-Ir-j≥ (47) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C∂-se ]p-e¿-s® tZ-io-b ]m-X-bn¬ H-‰-∏-\-bv-°v kao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. l¿-tam-Wn-Ãpw h-b-en-\nÃp-am-b cm-[m-Ir-jv-W-\pw- kw-L-hpw Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]pcw tIm-h-f-sØ kz-Im-cy tlm-´-en¬ Hm¿-°-kv-{S Ah-X-cn-∏n-®v F-d-Wm-Ip-f-tØ-°v a-S-ß-th-bm-Wv A-]I-Sw. F-Xn-tc h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Sq-dn-Ãv _-kv a-s‰m-cp hm-l-\-sØ a-dn-I-S-°-th kw-Lw k-©-cn-®n-cp-∂ C≥-Un-° Im-dn¬ C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. C-Sn-bp-sS B-Lm-X-Øn¬ ]q¿-W-am-bn X-I¿-∂ Im¿ sh-´n-s∏mfn-®m-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn¬ s]-´-h-sc ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. \m-´p-Im-cpw A-º-e-∏p-g t]m-en-kpw tN¿-∂m-Wv c£m-{]-h¿-Ø-\w \-S-Øn-b-Xv. ]-cn-t°-‰ F-d-Wm-Ipfw ]-\-ßq¿ A-º-e-∏-d-ºv ho-´n¬ \m-cm-b-W-s‚ aI≥ cm-tP-jv (42), tIm-X-aw-K-ew Ip-f-®-bn¬ ho-´n¬ P-b-cm-Pv F-∂n-h-sc h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. a-c-W-s∏-´ cm-[m-Irjv-W-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-Ãp tam¿-´-Øn-\p- ti-jw _-‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. Xp-S¿-∂v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬ kw-kv-I-cn-®p. am-Xm-hv: Ku-cn-b-Ω, `m-cy: c-Pn-XIp-am-cn. a-°ƒ: A-P-bv-Ir-jv-W≥, {io-Ip-´n.

ss_-¡v a-Xn-en-en-Sn-¨v ]-cn-t¡-äv Nn-InÂ-k-bn-en-cp-¶ bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

am-cm-cn-°p-fw: \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-´ ss_-°v a-Xn-en-en-Sn®v ]-cn-t°-‰v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. I-Wn-®p-Ip-f-ß-c A-´-°pgn-°m-´v sh-fn tKm-]m-eIr-jv-W≥ \m-b-cp-sS aI≥ kp-tc-jv (33) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. i-\n-bm-gv-N D-®-bv-°v IWn-®p-Ip-f-ß-c-bn¬ h®m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Kpcp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ kptc-jn-s\ tIm-´-bw sa-UnIp-ªn-sam-bv-Xn³ {io-aq-e-\-K-cw: Hm-e-∏n- °¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ {]-th-inem¬ Ip-™p-sam-bv-Xo≥ ∏n-s®-¶n-epw i-\n-bm-gv-N cm-{Xn 11Hm-sS a-cn-®p. (87). dn-´. Iym-]v-‰¨. `m-cy: sF-ip. a-°ƒ; Ip-™pap-l-Ω-Zv, ^m-Øn-a, sambv-Xo≥-Ip-™v, sF-imXp-d-hq¿: ss_-°n-\v ]n-∂n¬- kz-Im-cy- _- n-Sn-®p _o-hn, ap-l-Ω-Zm-en. ss_-°v bm-{Xn-I≥- a-cn-®p. F-gp-]p-∂- Nn-td-]-d-ºn¬a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-ao-e, Ip™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv, apw-Xm-kv, ]-tc-X-\m-b- cm-a-Ir-jv-W-s‚ a-I≥- _m-_p-(42) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. k-l-bm-{Xn-I-\m-b- ]q-h≥- N-{μ-\n-I¿ssl-t{Zm-kv, jn-_n. Øn¬- jm-Pn (45)-sb Kp-cp-X-c- ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS- B-e∏p-g- h-≠m-\w- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬k-\n-j Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: Im-b-tem- {]-th-in-∏n-®p. Xp-d-hq¿-˛-Ip-º-f- -ßn- -tdm-Un-¬- h-√-tØm-Sv F-.sI.s´ tIm-a-Øvs]m-bnPn-. P-Mv-j-\n¬- C-∂-se- D-®-bv-°v 12 Hm-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂pen¬ Fw Ir-jv-W-s‚ a- A-]-I-Sw. F-d-Wm-Ip-f-Øv \n-∂p- tN¿-Ø-e- `m-KIƒ k-\n-j (32). ktØ-°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cptlm-Z-c-߃: \n-jo-Zv, ∂p- _-kv ss_-°n-s\- al-\o-jv, Pn-Pn-j, Pn-\o- dn-I-S-°m-\p-≈{i-ajv. Øn¬- ss_-°n-\v ]n-∂n¬- C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. \n-b-{¥-Ww- hn-´v -_-kv kao-]-sØ a-Xn-en-en-Sn-®mWv \n-∂-Xv. A-]-I-SØn¬ _-kv bm-{Xn-I-cmb- ]-tØm-fw- t]¿-°v \n m-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ _m-_p-hn-s\ \m-´p-Im¿- tN¿-∂v Xp-d-hq¿- K-h. B-ip]-{Xn-bn-te-°v sIm-≠p- t]m-sb-¶n-epw- h-gn-a-t[y- a-cn®p. Ip-Øn-b-tXm-Sv F-kv-.sF.- _n-Pq- hn \m-b-cp-sSt\-Xr-Xz-Øn-ep-≈- t]m-en-kv kw-L-sa-Øn- K-Xm-KXw \n-b-{¥n-®p. _m-_p-hn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw- tN¿-Ø-elm-Pn-dm-_o-hn Xm-eq-°m-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬. c-iv-an-bm-Wv _m-_p-hn-s‚ `ms\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv: ]-\-hq¿ cy. a-°ƒ:- D-Æn-am-b, hn-jv-Wp-. ap-Øn-°m-aq-e-bn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b A-_p-j-lpam≥ Ip-™n-s‚ `m-cy lm-Pn-dm-_o-hn (86). a°ƒ: A-–p¬ A-koap-°q-´p-X-d: ss_-°pw Hm-t´m-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v ss_kv, A-–p¬ d-jo-Zv, °v Hm-Sn-®n-cp-∂ F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn a-cn-®p. ku-Zm-_o-hn, B-_n-Zm- sh-®p-®n-d sN-t¶m-´-bn¬ (A-bn-cq¿) ho-´n¬ sP¿-an _o-hn, jn-lm-_p-±o≥ (17) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. H-∏w ss_-°n¬ k-©-cn-® kplr-Øpw k-l-]mTn-bp-am-b sh-®p-®n-d h-f-hn-\m¬ (dn-´. U-]yq-´n P-\-d-¬ ho-´n¬ A-Jn¬ _n-Pp (17) hn-s\ ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS am-t\-P¿, Xn-cp-h-\-¥]p-cw Pn-√m k-l-I-c-W- tIm-´-b-sØ kz-Im-cy-Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n_m-¶v, P-am-A-Øv Iu¨-kn¬ kw-ÿm-\ ®p. C-∂-se D-®-°v 3.15 Hmssh-kv-{]-kn-U‚ v-), j- sS ap-°q-´p-X-d A-ko-kv B-ip-]-{Xn-]-Sn-°-em-bnd-^p-±o≥ (]-\-hq¿ ]cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. ]-cn-°p©m-b-Øv ssh-kv-{]-k-n- I-tfm-sS C-cp-h-tc-bpw U‚ v), jm-P-lm≥, AB-Zyw A-ko-kn A-ip-]bq-_v-Jm≥, am-Pn-Zm-_o- {Xn-bpw Xp-S¿-∂v hn-Z-Kv-[hn, tkm-^n-bm-_o-hn, Nn-In¬-k-°m-bn tIm-´-b]-tc-X-bm-b B-Øp-°m- tØ-°v sIm-≠p-h-cn-I_o-hn. bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-]-I-SØn¬ X-e-°v Kp-c-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ sP¿-an-°v a-kva-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv apkv-X-^, k-eow, A-ao≥ Xn-jv-Im-Lm-Xw kw-`-hn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v Bip-]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X-¿ A-dn-bn-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kvh-°w, A-–p¬-Jm-Z¿, ‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw kw-kv-I-cn-°pw. P-ao-em-_o-hn, ^m-bnkm-_o-hn, P-_o-Zm-_oKw, \-ko-a, l-eo-a, lko-\, ]-tc-X-\m-b lk≥-jm. J-_-d-S-°w Cs]-cp-ºm-hq¿: Kr-l-{]-th-i-Øn-\p-≈ H-cp-°-߃∂p cm-hn-se 11\v ]-\°n-S-bn¬ a-e-bm-fn F-≥Pn-\o-b¿ U¬-ln-bn¬ tjmhq¿ ]p-Ø≥-]-≈n Jt°-‰p a-cn-®p. Io-gn-√w tN_¿-ÿm-\n¬. ∂-\-Øv in-h-cm-a am-cm-cpsS a-I≥ cm-tP-jv F-kv amB-kn-bm-_n l-Öp-½ (39) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. CX-e-t»-cn: Sn.kn. ap-°n- cm¿ ∂-se cm-hn-se 11\v t\mse B-jym-\-bn¬ (k- bn-U-bn-se kz-¥w ^v-fm_m-lv) ]-tc-X-\m-b ap- ‰n-em-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `mhym-gm-gv-N Kr-l-{]-th-iw cy Xo-°q-°¬ B-kn\n-›-bn-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-bnbm-_n l-÷p-Ω (76). a- cp-∂p. ^v-fm-‰n-se C-e-Iv{Sn-°¬ tPm-en-I-fn¬ k°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^, ^ukn-bm _o-Kw, km-_n-d, lm-bn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn-¬ tjmt°‰ cmtP-jns\ Ai-co-^, kp-c-ø, ]-tc-X- Sp-Øp-≈ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn\m-b k-eow. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-km-°p-´n, ™v c-≠n-\v Io-gn-√-sØ ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. kn-±o-Jv, l-\o-^, ko-\- sI.-kn._n C‚¿-\m-j-\¬ F-∂ ÿm-]-\-Øn¬ A v am-t\-P-cm-bn-cp-∂p. F-´p h¿-j-am-bn U¬Øv, ]-tc-X-\m-b lp-k- knln-bn¬ tPm-en sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ cm-tP-jv c-≠p-ambv≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: kw ap-ºm-Wv Cu ÿm-]-\-Øn¬ {]-th-in-®-Xv.A-]A-en, kzm-en-lv, IpI-Sw \-S-°p-tºmƒ `m-cy tcm-ln-Wn-bpw a-Iƒ \n-th™m-™p, dm-_n-b. Zn-X-bpw H-∏-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

kz-Im-cy- _-Ên-Sn-¨p ss_-¡v bm-{Xn-I³- a-cn-¨p

ss_-¡pw Hm-t«m-bpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p

a-e-bm-fn F-³Pn-\o-bÀ UÂ-ln-bn tjm-t¡-äp a-cn-¨p

^m. tXm-a-kv X-«-I-¯v

_n-μp

im-lp l-ao-Zv

kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: tIm-gn-t°m-Sv cq-]-Xbv-°p Io-gn-se kp¬-Øm≥ _tØ-cn ]q-a-e tlm-fnt{Im-kv tZ-hm-e-b hn-Imcn ^m. tXm-a-kv X-´-I-Øv (75). ar-X-tZ-lw ]q-a-e ]≈n-bn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿-i-\Øn-\p h-® ti-jw C-∂p tIm-gn-t°m-Sv ta-cn-°p-∂nse sd-Un-sa¿ tZ-hm-e-bØn-te-°p sIm-≠p t]mIpw. Xp-S¿-∂v kz-tZ-i-amb am-f ]-≈n-∏p-d-tØ-°p sIm-≠p-t]m-Ip∂ ar-X-tZlw ]-≈n-∏p-dw sk‚ v B‚-Wo-kv ]-≈n-bn¬ C∂v ssh-Io-´v 4.30\v kw-kvIcn-°pw. X-´-I-Øn¬ ]tc-X-cm-b h-do-Xv-˛t{X-ky Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-\m-Wv.

hm-g-h-‰: ]-´m-ºn-°p-∂v I-f-∏p-c-bv-°¬ t_-_nbp-sS `m-cy _n-μp (34). a-°ƒ: A-eo-\, hn-kv-ab. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cmhn-se 10\v sX-t\-cn ^mØn-a-am-Xm ]-≈n-bn¬.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: {]-ap-J dnb¬ F-kv-t‰-‰v F-P‚ v sIm-tbm-¶-c ]q-t®m¬ H.-Sn. lu-kn-se H Sn imlp¬ l-ao-Zv (51). h-S°p-ºm-Sv Jn-Zv-a-Øp¬ Ckv-emw P-am-A-Øv sk{I-´-dn-bm-bn tk-h-\-a-\pjvTn-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ]n J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: \q-dp-±o≥ (D-Ωp¬ ssIz≥), in-lm_p-±o≥ (_n-^mw hnZym¿-Yn, cm-Po-hvKm-‘n ^m¿-a-kn tIm-f-Pv, Xr°-cn-∏q¿), I-am¬ (F≥Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn, _mw-•q¿), \q-dp-∂n-k. acp-a-°ƒ: Sn sI ]n Ajv-d-^v (Zp-_-bv), F-kv \-^o-k-Øv.

_m-e-Ir-jv-W³ \-¼ymÀ Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: sN-dp-hmt©-cn ]m-td-Ω¬ ]o-SnI-bn-se c-iv-an \n-hmkn¬ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ \-ºym¿ (82). `m-cy: Pm-\-In-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: B-\-μv, c-Rv-PnØvIp-am¿, c-iv-an, A-PnØv Ip-am¿.

G-en-¡p-«n

`m-kv-I-c-]n-Å

cm-tP-{μ³

ap-l-½-Zv ap-kv-X-^

I-Z-fn-°m-Sv: t]-∏-Xn-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tP-°-_ns‚ `m-cy G-en-°p-´n(83). kw-kv-°m-cw sNm-Δm-gv-N cm-hn-se 10,30\v I-Z-fn°m-Sv hn-a-e-am-Xm ]-≈nbn¬ ]-tc-X hm-g-°p-fw h-e-Xn-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kam-Wv. a-°ƒ: t{K-kn, eo-em-Ω, F¬-k-Ω, tPm¿-Pv (jm-Pn), jm-_p. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: {^m≥-kn-kv Ip-∂-∏-≈n, tk-hy¿ Ico-Ø-d, sk-_m-Ãy≥ sh-´n-°¬, sa-do-\, sP≥-kn.

h¿-°-e: I-º-Sn-I-fn Bim-\pw s]m-Xp-a-cm-a-Øv h-Ip-∏n-se dn-´. Po-h-\°m-c-\p-am-b sN-dp-Ip∂w aT-Øn¬-ho-´n¬ B¿ `m-kv-I-c-]n-≈ (81). `m-cy: sI hn-P-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: {]-km-Zv, tim-`, te-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\n-em¬, k-\¬, _n-Pn-Ip-am-cn.

Nn-d-bn≥-Io-gv: a-©m-Snaq-Sv tIm-´-∏p-dw B¿.]n `-h-\n¬ cm-tP-{μ≥ (60). `m-cy: {]-k-∂. a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, cm-[nI. a-cp-a-I≥: jn-_p.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]m-bv®n-d a-c-ßm-hn-f ho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-X-^ (64). `m-cy: kp-ss_-Zm-_o-hn. a-°ƒ: \n-km-ap-±o≥, \u-jm-Zv, \-kow, \m-knb. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-em-lp±o≥, k-Pv-\, sj-an, jPn-\.

ap-l-½-Zv h-fm-t©-cn: Im-hpw-]pdw \-S-°m-hn¬ ap-l-ΩZv (Ip-™- lm-Pn˛78).

dp-Jn-b \n-d-a-cp-Xq¿: \n-d-a-cpXq¿ _o-cm≥-Ip-´n ap-kveym-cp-sS a-cp-a-Iƒ dp-Jnb (65). `¿-Øm-hv: sslZ¿- lm-Pn. a-°ƒ: jm^n, \-^o-k, B-kn-b, ^m-Øn-am -kp-lv-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p-¿d-lv-am≥, _-jo¿.

I-cp-Wm-I-c-¸-Wn-¡À B-\m-hq¿: Ip-f-t°m-Sv Ip-gn-tbm-S¬ ]p-Ø≥ho-´n¬ I-cp-Wm-I-c-∏Wn-°¿(76). a-°ƒ: km-hn-{Xn, iyma-f, k-Xn, a-Wn-IWvT≥-. a-cp-a-°ƒ: N-{μ≥, taml-\≥, Zn-t\-iv-Ip-am-¿, h-\-P. k-©-b-\w G-{]n¬ aq∂v cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v.

k-do-\ Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: D-Spw-_p¥-e _-≠v tdm-Un-se Fw C-Jv-_m¬ (A-_q-Z_n)-˛-^m-Øn-a Z-º-Xn-Ifp-sS a-Iƒ F≥ kn kdo-\ (H-º-Xv). D-Spw-_p-¥-e K-h. F¬.]n.- kv-Iqƒ aq-∂mw X-cw hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-Wv.

Sm-¦À A]-I-Sw: c-hn-Zm-kn-sâ a-b-¡pa-cp-¶p-am-bn hn-ZymÀ-Yn-I-fpw ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kv-I-cn-¨p G-Pâpw ]n-Sn-bn tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: shÃv ln¬ Np¶-Øn\p kao]w ]m-N-I-hmX-I Sm-¶¿tem-dn KpUvkv Hmt´mbv°p apI-fn-te°p a-dn™v a-cn-® Hm-t´m ss{U-h¿ chn-Zm-kn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kvI-cn-®p. C-∂-se D-®-bv°v H-∂c-tbm-sS-bm-Wv t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´Øn-\p-ti-jw arX-tZlw _‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Ø-Xv. tijw Ip-≠p-]-d-ºv C-Sp-h-\new X-S-ßm-´p-h-b-en-se ho-´nse-Øn-® ar-X-tZ-lØn¬ kl-{]-h¿-Ø-I-cpw \m-´p-Im-cpw B-Zm-c-RvP-en-I-f¿-∏n-®p. i-\n-bm-gv-N D-®-bv°v ti-jw aq-∂-c-tbm-sSbmbn-cp∂p A]I-Sw. G-I A-Øm-Wn-bm-bn-cp∂ c-hn-Zm-kn-s‚ th¿-]m-Sv Ip-

Spw-_-sØ Xo¿Øpw A-\m-Yam°n. Im-c-∏-d-ºn-se D-∏p-I≠w Ip-Spw-_w A-©p-h¿-jw apºm-Wv X-S-ßm-´p-h-b¬ C-cp-h\n-e-Øv Xm-a-k-am-°n-b-Xv. KpUv-kv Hm-t´m Hm-Sn-®m-Wv `m-cybpw c-≠p a-°-fp-a-S-ßp-∂ IpSpw-_-sØ-bpw tcm-Kn-bm-b AΩ A-cn-bm-bn-sb-bpw c-hn-Zm-kv t]m-‰n-bn-cp-∂-Xv. aq-Ø-a-I≥ hn]n≥-Zm-kn-\p Zn-h-k-h-cp-am-\-ambn-´n-√. a-Iƒ Zn-hy-bm-I-s´ h-nZym¿-Yn-\n-bp-am-Wv. kz-¥-am-bn hoSv ]Wn-bm-\p≈ Hcp-°ßƒ XpS-ßn-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw ]Wn ]q¿Øn-bm-hpw-apsº kv]v\w _m°n-bm°n chn-Zmkns\ acWw X´n-sb-Sp-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.

B-ep-h: e-l-cn-a-cp-∂p-I-fp-ambn tIm-f-Pv hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-fpw GP‚pw ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. tIm-b-ºØq¿ {]-^-j-\¬ tIm-f-Pnse _n.sS-Iv Ah-km-\-h¿j hnZym¿-Yn-I-fm-b tPm-_n≥ emk¿, \n-Yn≥- h¿-Ko-kv, tPm¨ tPm-°-_v F-∂n-h-cpw a-b-°p-acp-∂v FØn®p-\¬Inb C-S-∏≈n kz-tZ-in _n-\p-hp-am-Wp ]nSn-bn-em-b-Xv. I-S-h-{¥-bn¬ F-Iv-ssk-kv F≥-t^m-gv-kv B‚ v B‚n \m¿-t°m-´n-Iv kv-s]-jy¬ kvv-IzmUv \-S-Øn-b ]-cn-tim-[-\-bn-emWv C-h¿ ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv . C-hcn¬ \n-∂v F¬.F-kv.Un lmjn-jv, ss\-t{Sm-sk-]mw Kp-fnI-Iƒ, I-©m-hv F-∂n-h-bpw ]n-

e-l-cn-a-cp-∂p-I-fp-am-bn ]n-Sn-bn-em-bh¿ Sn-Iq-Sn. C-Xn¬ tPm-_n≥ emkdns\ I-©m-hv ssI-h-iwh®-Xn-\v tIm-f-Pn¬ \n-∂p k-kvs]‚ v sN-bvXncp∂p. C-h¿ aq∂p h¿-jtØmf-ambn I-©mhpw F¬.F-kv.Un F-∂ e-lcn-IqSnb a-cp-∂pw D-]-tbm-Kn°p-∂-h-cm-sW-∂p t]m-en-kv ]d-™p. _m-w•q-¿, tKm-h- F∂nhn-S-ß-fn¬ \n∂mWv C-h tI-c-

f-Øn-se-Øn-®-sX-∂v t]m-enkv ]-d™p. sd-bv-Un¬ kv-s]jy¬ sk¬ kn.sF. sI sI A-\n¬Ip-am¿, A-kn. C-≥-kvs]-Œ¿ sI sI kp-{_-lvaWy≥, {]-n-h‚o-hv Hm-^n-k¿ P∫m¿, kn.C.H.am-cm-b ssj-Pp, Ir-jv-W-Ip-am¿, {]-Zo-]v-Ip-am¿ , jn-lm-_p-±o≥, a-Wn, kp-\o-jvIp-am¿ ]-s¶-Sp-Øp.

H-gp-¡nÂ-s¸-«v ]n©p-Ip-ªns\ 82 Im-c³ {]-Ir-Xnhn-cp-² ]o-U-\-¯n-\n-c-bm-¡n Im-Wm-Xm-bn tIm-´-bw: aq-∂pam-kw {]m-b-amb B¨-Ip-™n-s\ 82Im-c≥ {]-Ir-Xnhn-cp-≤ ssewKnI ]oU-\-Øn-\n-c-bm-°n. A-h-i-\mb Ip-™v sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv Ip-´n-I-fp-sS B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In-¬-k-bn-em-Wv. Nm-e-®n-d I-≠-Øn¬ ho-´n¬ Nm®n(82)bm-Wv ]o-Un-∏n-®-sX∂m-Wv ]-cm-Xn. C-bmƒ H-fn-hnem-Wv. C-∂-se D-®bv-°v c-t≠m-sSbm-Wv kw-`-hw. tIm-´-ap-dn sNº≥-]p-dw tIm-f-\n-bn-se Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS Ip-´n-bm-Wv ]o-U-\Øn-\n-c-bm-b-Xv. C-h-cp-sS A-Sp-Ø _-‘phm-b Nm-®n-bp-sS Ip-dn-®n Nm-e®n-d-bn-se I-≠-Øn¬ ho-

´n¬h-®m-Wv kw`hw. aq-∂pZnh-k-߃-°v ap-ºm-Wv Z-º-XnIƒ Ip-´n-bp-am-bn Nm-®n-bp-sS ho-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. C-∂-se cmhn-se Ip-´n-bp-sS ]n-Xm-hv ]Wn-°p-t]m-bn-cp-∂p. c-≠v aWn-tbm-sS A-Ω ao≥ sh-´ns°m-≠n-cp-∂ k-a-b-Øv I-´nen¬ In-S-Ønb Ip-™n-s\ Nm®n ]o-Un-∏n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. I-c-®n¬ tI-´v A-Ω-sb-Øn-bt∏m-gmWv kw`hw I≠-Xv. _lfw tI´v A-b¬-°m¿ HmSn-sb-Øn-sb-¶nepw Nm-®n c£-s∏´n-cp-∂p. Ip´nsb D-S≥ B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. kw-`-hØn¬ Nn-ß-h-\w t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: ]-º-bm-‰n¬ B-d∑p-f I-S-hn¬ Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßnb c≠v bphm-°-fn¬ Hcmsf Im-Wm-Xm-bn. tIm-g-t©-cnbn¬ hm-S-I-bv-°v Xm-a-kn-°p∂ ssS¬-kv ]-Wn-bn-te¿-s∏-´ncp-∂ t^m¿-´v sIm-®n kz-tZ-in kp-ta-jn-s\-bm-Wv Im-Wm-Xmb-Xv. H-∏-ap-≠m-b sPkn(20)s\- \m´p-Im¿ c£-s∏SpØn tIm-g-t©-cn-bn-se Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v B-tdmsS- B-d-∑p-f k-{X-°-S-hn-\v kao-]-am-Wv kw-`-hw. ]-Ø-\w-Xn´-bn¬ \n-∂v ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv FØn-sb-¶n-epw cm-{Xnbmb-Xn\m¬ Iq-Sp-X¬ Xn-c-®n¬ \-SØm\mbn-√. C-∂v Xn-c-®n¬ XpS-cpw.


8

thÀ-]mSv

KANNUR

^m. tXm-a-kv X-«-I-¯v

kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: tIm-gn-t°m-Sv cq-]-Xbv°p Io-gn-se kp¬Øm≥ _-tØ-cn ]q-a-e tlm-fn-t{Im-kv tZ-hm-eb hn-Im-cn ^m. tXm-a-kv X-´-I-Øv (75). C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® aq-∂n-\v tIm-gnt°m-s´ kz-Im-cy B-ip]-{Xn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p A¥yw. ar-X-tZ-lw ]q-a-e ]-≈n-bn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿-i\-Øn-\p h-® ti-jw C∂p tIm-gn-t°m-Sv ta-cn°p-∂n-se sd-Un-sa¿ tZhm-e-b-Øn-te-°p sIm≠p t]m-Ipw. C-hn-sS-h-®v tIm-gn-t°m-Sv cq-]-Xm _nj-]v d-h. tUm. h¿-Ko-kv N-°m-e-bv-°¬ Ip¿-_m\ A¿-∏n-°pw. Xp-S¿-∂v kz-tZ-i-am-b am-f ]-≈n∏p-d-tØ-°p sIm-≠pt]m-Ip∂ ar-X-tZ-lw ]≈n-∏p-dw sk‚ v B‚Wo-kv ]-≈n-bn¬ C-∂v ssh-Io-´v 4.30\v kw-kvIcn-°pw. X-´-I-Øn¬ ]tc-X-cm-b h-do-Xv-˛t{X-ky Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-\m-Wv.

31 am¿®v 2014 Xn¶ƒ

A-_q-Z-_n-bn hm-l-\m-]-I-Sw; ae-bmfn a-cn-¨p

_n-μp

im-lp l-ao-Zv

tKm-hn-μ³

A-^v-kÀ

ap-l-½-Zv

l-ao-Zv

B-kn-bm-_n l-Öp-½

hm-g-h-‰: ]-´m-ºn-°p∂v I-f-∏p-c-bv-°¬ t__n-bp-sS `m-cy _n-μp (34). a-°ƒ: A-eo-\, hn-kv-a-b. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\v sX-t\-cn ^m-Øn-a-amXm ]-≈n-bn¬.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: {]-ap-J dnb¬ F-kv-t‰-‰v F-P‚ v sIm-tbm-¶-c ]q-t®m¬ H.-Sn. lu-kn-se H Sn im-lp¬ l-ao-Zv (51). h-S°p-ºm-Sv Jn-Zv-a-Øp¬ Ckv-emw P-am-A-Øv sk{I-´-dn-bm-bn tk-h-\-a\p-jvTn-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ]n J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: \q-dp±o≥ (D-Ωp¬ ssIz≥), in-lm-_p-±o≥ (_n-^mw hn-Zym¿-Yn, cm-Po-hvKm‘n ^m¿-a-kn tIm-f-Pv, Xr-°-cn-∏q¿), I-am¬ (F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv hnZym¿-Yn, _mw-•q¿), \q-dp∂n-k. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Sn sI ]n A-jv-d-^v (Zp-_-bv), F-kv \-^o-k-Øv. ]nXm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b hn ]n A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿. amXm-hv: H Sn Ip-™-eo-a. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-jv-d^v, A-–p¬ -d-low, ico-^v, _o-^m-Øn-a.

ta-t\m≥-]m-d: sN-dn-b I-≈n-bw-]m-d sI tKmhn-μ≥ (76). `m-cy: I-aem-£n, a-°ƒ: c-ho{μ≥ (_n.F-kv.F≥. F¬), P-\m¿-Z-\≥, Atim-I≥ (_n-h-td-P-kv tIm¿-]-td-j≥), k-ltZ-h≥, c-Lp-\m-Y≥, kp-Pm-X. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ir-jv-W≥ (_n.F-kv.F≥.F¬), X-¶-aWn, k-tcm-Pn-\n.

X-e-t»-cn: Nn-c-°-c ]≈n-Øm-g A-ø-e-Øv kvIq-fn-\p k-ao-]w _-n-kvan-√-bn¬ ]m-Xm-dp-Ω¬ A-^v-k¬ (46). ]-tc-X\m-b sI ]n A- p-hns‚-bpw dm-_n-b-bp-sSbpw a-I-\m-Wv. `m-cy: jao-\. a-°ƒ: s_≥-kod, \n-lm¬, \n-Zm¬. ktlm-Z-c-߃: kn-bm-Zv, Pm-_n¿, ko-\-Øv, X_o-P, j-ao-d, ]-tc-X-\mb Xm-Pp-±o≥.

]p-en-°p-∂v: Im-k¿tIm-Uv am¿-°-‰v tdmUn¬ A-c-\q-‰m-≠p Ime-tØm-fw hym-]m-cn-bmbn-cp-∂ ]p-en-°p-∂v s^-dn I-S-hv tdm-Un-se sI F ap-l-Ω-Zv (84). apkvenw eo-Kv hm¿-Uv {]kn-U‚ v, ]p-en-°p-∂v aplnbp-±o≥ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv {]-kn-U‚ v F-∂o ÿm\-߃ hln®p. `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: d-km-Jv, e-Øo^v, sam-bv-Xo≥ Ip-™n, A-ko-kv, lm-jnw, Xmcn-kv, km-Zn-Jv, a-lv-jqJv, _o-^m-Øn-a, ssa-aq\, B-bn-j, J-Zo-P, kmPn-Z, jm-ln-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-sse-am≥, l_o-_v, C-{_m-low, l\o-^v, k-eow, l-ao-Zv, kp-ss_-Z, _o-^m-Øna, l-Δ, ^u-kn-b, dmln-\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-–p¬ -Jm-Z¿, a-l-aqZv, A-l-a-Zv, A-∫m-kv, J-Zo-P, B-kn-b, _o^m-Øn-a, ]-tc-X-bm-b B-bn-i.

X-e-t»-cn: tIm-tWm¿ h-b¬ k-Io-\m a≥-knen¬ bp sI l-ao-Zv (72). `m-cy: Sn ]n k-Io-\. a°ƒ: l-ko-\, A-kvew, jw-ko¿, iw-j-Øv, t_-\-ko¿, jm-\-hm-kv (X-e-t»-cn ap-\n-kn-∏¬ Iu¨-kn-e¿), dm-jn-Zv, apw-Xm-kv, ssk-_p-∂nk, \p-kv-d-Øv. a-cp-a°ƒ: kn D-a¿, B-Zw, ]n ]n A-jv-d-^v, sI sI A-iv-d-^v, sI d-aZm≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-ivd-^v.

X-e-t»-cn: Sn.kn. ap-°nse B-jym-\-bn¬ (k_m-lv) ]-tc-X-\m-b apl-Ω-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `mcy Xo-°q-°¬ B-knbm-_n l-÷p-Ω (76). a°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^, ^ukn-bm _o-Kw, km-_n-d, i-co-^, kp-c-ø, ]-tc-X\m-b k-eow. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-km-°p-´n, kn-±o-Jv, l\o-^, ko-\-Øv, ]-tc-X\m-b lp-k-bv≥. ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-en, kzm-en-lv, Ip-™m™p, dm-_n-b.

_o-cm³- lm-Pn

im-´-Ip-am-cn

k-\n-j Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: Im-btem-s´ tIm-a-Øvs]mbn-en¬ Fw Ir-jv-Ws‚ a-Iƒ k-\n-j (32). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \n-joZv, l-\o-jv, Pn-Pn-j, Pn\o-jv.

_m-e-Ir-jv-W³ \-¼ymÀ Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: sN-dphm-t©-cn ]m-td-Ω¬ ]o-Sn-I-bn-se c-iv-an \nhm-kn¬ _m-e-Ir-jvW≥ \-ºym¿ (82). `mcy: Pm-\-In-b-Ω. a°ƒ: B-\-μv, c-Rv-PnØvIp-am¿, c-iv-an, APn-Øv Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tcjv_m-_p, jo-_, {ioe-X, c-iv-an.

am[-hn tIm-´qfn: X-d-Ω¬ am-[hn (65). `¿-Ømhv: cmP≥.

A-Ðp-Ã-¡p-«n- lm-Pn sIm-bn-em-≠n: ]-g-b-Ime ap-kvenw -eo-Kv t\-Xmhpw ap≥ ]-©m-b-Øv {]kn-U‚p-am-b Fw A-_-v Zp-√-°p-´n- lm-Pn (99). ASn-b-¥-cm-h-ÿm-Im-e-Øv A-d-Ãv sN-ø-s∏-´v 40 Zn-hkw P-bn¬-hm-k-a-\pjvTn-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy-am¿: B-bn-i, ]-tc-X-bm-b Bbn-i (t]-cm-{º). a-°ƒ: A-l-Ω-Zv, lm-jnw, C-kvam-Cu¬ (Ip-ssh-Øv), l-m-cn-kv, d-jo-Zv (a-kv-IØv), km-Zn-Jv (sNss∂), e-Øo-^v, A-kv-a, km-ln-d, Ip¬-kp.

ssk-\-_ a-t©-cn: ap-kv-enw -eo-Kv kw-ÿm-\ P-\-d¬ sk{I-´-dn-bpw cm-Py-k-`mwK-hpw U-]yq-´n kv-]o-°dp-am-bn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X-\mb sIm-c-º-bn¬ A-lΩ-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy Ip-gn-ºm-S-Øv ssk-\_ (74). ]n-Xm-hv: C-ºn-®n A-lΩ-Zv. am-Xm-hv: dp-Jn-b. aI≥: ap-l-Ω-Z-en (am-t\Pn-Mv U-b-d-Œ¿, sIm-cº-bn¬ tlm-kv-]n-‰¬, a-t©-cn).

A-c-b-t¶m-Sv: A-°-csØm-Sn-I-bn¬ _o-cm≥lm-Pn (70). `m-cy: B-bni -_o-hn. a-°ƒ: P-am-ep-±o≥ (Pn±), ap-l-Ω-Zv A-jv-d-^v ({Ku-≠v hm-´¿ Un-]m¿´v-sa‚ v), \m-k¿ (A-Uvt\m-°v A-_q-Z-_n), Pao-e, \-ko-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ A-ko-kv, Ip™-Ω-Zv, Xzm-ln-d, k-ao\, A-\o-k.

^-tdm-°v: ]-tc-X-\m-b ]q-tX-cn tKm-]m-e-s‚ `m-cy I-b-tem-´v im-¥Ip-am-cn (76). a-°ƒ: kt¥m-jv-Ip-am¿ (]q-tX-cn t{]m-]¿-t´¿-kv ss{]-h‰v en-an-‰-Uv), {]-im-¥v (Zp-_bv), _n-μp (tX™n-∏-ew tIm-˛-Hm-]-td‰o-hv _m-¶v). a-cp-a-°ƒ: \o-\, hn-Zy, kp-\n¬-Ipam¿. k-©-b-\w hym-gmgvN.

_-¥-Sp-°: ]-Sp-∏v B-\°-√v sIm-f-Øn-¶m¬ kztZ-in A-_q-Z-_n-bn¬ hml-\m-]-I-S-Øn¬ a-cn-®p. sIm-f-Øn-¶m-en-se A–p¿-d-lvam-\m-Wv (44) a-cn®-Xv. A-_qZ-_n-bn-se jn∏n-Mv I-º-\n-bn¬ Po-h-\°m-c-\m-b A-–p¿dlvam≥ sh-≈n-bm-gv-N cm{Xn- tdm-Uv ap-dn-®pI-S-°sh hm-l-\w X-´n-bm-Wv a-cn®-Xv. t\-c-sØ \m-´n¬ Po-∏v ss{U-h-dm-bn-cp-∂p. B\-°-√v, H-‰-am-hp-¶m¬ F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ hym-]mchpw \S-Ønbncp-∂p. ]n-Xm-hv: A-–p-√. am-Xm-hv: kp-sse-J. `m-cy: ssk-\-_. a-°ƒ: ap-_o-\, ap-\od, ap-k-Ωn¬, ap≥-kn-^. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Zen (_-lv-dbv≥), sam-bv-Xo≥Ip-™n (\m-j-\¬ thm-fn-t_mƒ d-^-dn, Zp-_-bv), A-j-d-^v (Zp-_bv), ap-kv-X-^.

Pn-±-bn \ncym-X-\mbn

Ip-º-f: tN-Sn-Kp-Ω-bn-se A-¥p-™n F-∂ A-–p√ (45) Pn-±-bn¬ lr-Z-bmLm-X-w-aqew a-cn-®p. Pn-±bn-se I-S-bn-se sk-bn¬kv-am-\m-bn-cp-∂p. H-cp h¿jw ap-ºm-Wv A-h-[n-°v \m-´n¬ h-∂v Xn-cn-®p-t]mb-Xv. ]n-Xm-hv: ap-l-Ω-Zv. am-Xm-hv: J-Zo-P. `m-cy: dpJn-b. a-Iƒ: ^m-Øn-a. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-∫m-kv, \-^o-k, _o-^m-Øn-a.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

Ip-º-f: an-bm-]-Z-hv kz-tZ-in-bpw Ip-º-f _w-{_m-Wbn-se Xm-a-k-°m-c-\p-am-b c-ta-in(38)s\ Xq-ßn-acn-® \n-e-bn¬ Im-W-s∏-´p. I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn _w-{_m-W-bn-se `m-cy-ho-´n¬ `-£-WwI-gn-®v In-S∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. cm-{Xn-bm-Wv Xq-ßn-b \n-e-bn¬ I≠-Xv. `m-cy: a-√n-I. a-°ƒ: cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥, cm-tKjv, e-£v-an.

h-Ån-¡p-¶v kz-tZ-in s\-¿m-än³-I-c-bn a-cn-¨p B-bn-i l-Öp-½

tXm-a-kv

k-do-\

cm-L-h³

Ir-jv-W³

B-K-kv-Xn

Ir-jv-W³-

A-¸p \m-bÀ

_-Zn-bS- p-°: am-SØ - S- p°-bn-se Fw Fw sam-bvXo≥Ip-™n-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-i l-÷p-Ω (47). a-°ƒ: kp-lvd - , k-do-\, A-kvl - d - p-±o≥, Zn¬-jmZv, dn-kvh - m≥. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-ko-kv (J-Ø¿), a-jvlq-Zv (ku-Zn). k-tlm-Zc-߃: A-∫m-kv, ap-lΩ-Zv, kp-lvd - , \-^o-k, B-kn-b.

C-cn-°q¿: s]-cp-h-fØp-]-d-ºv s]-t{Sm-ƒ-]ºn-\v k-ao-]w sN-dn-bm≠n lu-kn¬ Sn tXm-akv (52). `m-cy: kn tcm-ln-Wn. a°ƒ: k-‘y, k-Rv-P-bv (C-cp-h-cpw hn-Zym¿-YnIƒ). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ta-cn, X-øm-Ω, F¬-kn, h¬-k, ]-tc-X-\m-b cmPp.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: D-Spw-_p¥-e _-≠v tdm-Un-se Fw C-Jv-_m¬ (A-_qZ-_n)-˛-^m-Øn-a Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-Iƒ F≥ kn k-do-\ (H-º-Xv). DSpw-_p-¥-e K-h. F¬.]n.- kv-Iqƒ aq-∂mw Xcw hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-Wv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ssk\p-±o≥, C-kv-am-Cu¬.

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: I-≠w-Ip∂n-se a-t\m-fn lukn¬ s\-eym-S≥ Ir-jvW≥ (80). `m-cy: ]m©p. a-°ƒ: {io-[-c≥, ]-fln-\n, k-l-tZ-h≥, {]-ko-X, ]p-jv-], c-P\n, ssj-e, ]-tc-X-cm-b N-{μ≥, kp-io-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥, cho-{μ≥, kp-tc-jv, c-ho{μ≥, k-tcm-Pn-\n, eo-\.

kp-amw-Kn-b-½ -

l-k-bv\mÀ lm-Pn

F-S° - c - : Un.-ssh.-F^v.sF kw-ÿm-\ sk{I-´d - n Fw kz-cm-Pns‚ amXmhv sR-´n-°p-fw kpam \ - n-hm-kv kp-amw-Kn-bΩ. `¿Ømhv: ap-cf - o-[c≥ \m-b¿ - . (58). aIƒ: kz-]v\ - (-_mw•q¿). a-cp-a°ƒ: C tKm-]m-eI - r-jvW≥, l-cn-X.

s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: ]m-d¬ F-Sm-bn-°¬ sN-Ω≥Ip-gn-bn¬ l-kbv-\m¿ lm-Pn. s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ a-fi-ew I¿-j-I-kwLw {]-kn-U-‚ v, F-Smbn-°¬ a-l-√v {]-knU‚ v, ap-kv-enw-eo-Kv hm¿-Uv {]-kn-U‚ v ÿm-\-ß-fn¬ {]-h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: a-dnb. a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, Jue-Øv, D-ssa-_, k-^nb, k¬-a-Øv, a-dn-b, djo-Z, k-do-\, km-\n-_, sam-bv-Xo≥, l-\o-^, d^o-Jv.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: X-¶-bsØ Iq-Øq¿ cm-Lh≥ (80). `m-cy: Sn im¥-Ip-am-cn (]-©m-bØv ap≥ Aw-Kw). a°ƒ: {]-im-¥v (tkm^v-‰v-sh-b¿ F≥-Pn-\ob¿, F-d-Wm-Ip-fw), [\y (_n.-B¿.-Un.-kn. t_-°¬). a-cp-a-I≥: cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥ (an-en´-dn). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tKm-]m-e≥, \m-cm-bWn, ]-tc-X-cm-b tImc≥, A-∏p, \m-cm-bW≥, Ir-jv-W≥, am-[hn.

C-cn-´n: B-Zy-Im-e Ip-Sntb-‰ I¿-j-I-\pw tIm¨-{K-kv {]-h¿-ØI-\p-am-b C-e-™n°¬ B-K-kv-Xn (]m-∏®≥-˛74). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b G-en-°p-´n. a°ƒ: B-eo-kv (bp.sI), k-Pn, k-Æn, kn-_n, ]-tc-X-cm-b Cam-\p-h¬, an-\n. a-cp-a°ƒ: am-Xyp A-{_lmw (bp.sI.), eu-en, tkm-^n. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 9.30\v s\-√n-°mw-s]m-bn¬ sk‚ v sk-_m-kv-‰y≥ ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬.

a-´-∂q¿-: ]-cn-bm-c-sØ kn- sI Ir-jv-W≥- (70)-. amXmhv: am-[-hn.- `m-cy-: iym-a-f.- a-°ƒ-: Zo-],- cq],- hn-],- hn-]n≥ (Kƒ^v)-.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-: tUm.kp-\n¬-em¬ (tIm-gnt°m-Sv),- kp-Pn-Øv- (Ago-t°m-Sv),- D-Ø-a≥- (IÆm-Sn-∏-d-ºv),- A-cp-Wn-a (A-go-t°m-Sv).- k-tlm-Zc-߃-: cm-P≥,- \m-cm-bWn,- Im¿-Xym-b-\n,- Pm\-In (F-√m-h-cpw- Io-g-∏≈n) ,- t{]-a (th-ßm-Sv-)-,]-tc-X-cm-b N-{μ≥,- Ip™n-cm-a≥,- tKm-hn-μ≥.kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v D-®-bv°v H-∂n-\p ]-øm-º-eØv.-

\o-te-iz-cw: h-S-t»-cn F¬.-]n kv-Iqƒ dn-´. {][m-\m-[ym-]-I≥ \o-teiz-cw tIm¨-h-‚ v P-Mv£-\v k-ao-]w ]n.-]n. en¶v tdm-Un-se sX-\-Ip∂-Øv Ip-∂n-bq¿ A-∏p \m-b¿ (76). `m-cy:sI _m-em-a-Wn A-Ω (In-g°≥-sIm-gp-h¬). a°ƒ: Zo-], hn-Zy. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-Pn-Øv, D-Æn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \m-cmb-W≥, Pm-\-In, tKm-hnμ≥, Ip-™n-cm-a≥, cm[m-Ir-jv-W≥, X-¶-Ω.

dp-Jn-b

]mÀ-h-Xnb-½ sh-≈n-am-SvI - p∂v: ]-tcX\m-b s]-cn-°t- ©-cn ti-Jc - ≥ \m-bc - p-sS `mcy Nn-d° - ¬ ]m¿h-Xn A-Ω (87).

\n-d-a-cp-Xq¿: \n-d-a-cpXq¿ _o-cm≥-Ip-´n ap-kveym-cp-sS a-cp-a-Iƒ dpJn-b (65). `¿-Øm-hv: ssl-Z¿- lm-Pn. a-°ƒ: jm-^n, \-^o-k, B-knb, ^m-Øn-am -kp-lv-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p-¿d-lvam≥, _-jo¿, D-a-dp¬ ^m-dq-Jv k-Jm-^n.

eo-e amtØm´w: ]-tc-X\mb Im-´p-]-dº-Øv tKm]m-e-s‚ `m-cy eo-e (75). a°ƒ: hn-Pb≥ (an¬-a _q-Øv, am-tØm´w), Kn-co-jv-Ip-am¿ (sI Pn kv-t‰m¿, am-tØm´w), {]-ao-f.

_o-]m-¯p-½ ^-tdm-°v: ]p-s‰-°m-Sv ]-tc-X-\m-b sI ]n AØ≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy _o-]m-Øp-Ω (95). a-°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn F-∂ _m-h, ap-l-Ω-Zv, Ip™-d-ap, \-_o-k, ]mssØ, B-bn-i, B-bΩ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-ZvIp-´n, tIm-b F-∂ _m∏p, l-k-≥-tIm-b, Assk-\m¿.

ap-l-½-Zv h-fm-t©-cn: Im-hpw-]pdw \-S-°m-hn¬ ap-l-ΩZv (Ip-™- lm-Pn˛78). Ip-‰n-∏p-dw k¿-ho-kv kl-I-c-W _m-¶v Po-h-\°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: Jm-en-Z l-÷p-Ω. a°ƒ: Xn-Øn-°p-´n, A–p¬- e-Øo-^v, A-lΩ-Zv \m-k¿, D-Ωp-Ip¬kp, ssk-X-e-hn, A-_q_-°¿, ^m-Øn-a, ss^k¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: DÆo≥-Ip-´n, D-Æo-Xp, apl-Ω-Zv A-iv-d-^v, kpss_-Z, B-ky, d-lvaØv, dw-e, P-ko-\.

ssk-Xm-en-¡p-«n I¬-∏-I-t©-cn: ]-d-h∂q¿ sh-Ãn-se ]-tc-X\m-b a-tø-cn ap-l-Ω-Zns‚ a-I≥ ssk-Xm-en°p-´n (64). A-hn-hm-lnX-\m-Wv. k-tlm-Z-c߃. Ip-™n-ap-bv-Xo-≥, A-_v-Zp-√-°p-´n, ]-tc-X\m-b A-b-ap, J-Zo-P, B-bn-i.

_n-¿m-¯p Nm-∏-\-ßm-Sn: ]-tc-X\m-b h-S-°≥ a-Ωp-´n-bpsS `m-cy _n-øm-Øp(73). a-°ƒ: k-eow, iw-kp±o≥, K-^q¿, A-iv-d-^v, kp-sse-J, kp-l-d. a-cpa-°ƒ: aq-k, e-Øo-^v, i-co-j, sse-e, ^u-knb, km-_n-d, j-°o-e.

ku-Zm-an-\n Nm-Ø-aw-K-ew: F.bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ dn-´. {]-[m-\m[ym-]n-I ssi-P-kn-bn-¬ ]n ku-Zm-an-\n (75). `¿Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Fw Sn {io-[-c≥ \-ºo-i≥. a°ƒ: ssi-e-P, F-kv Pb-Ir-jv-W≥ (\yq-kv FUn-‰¿, Zo-]-n-I tIm-gnt°m-Sv), F-kv kn-‘p-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Fw ]n \m-cmb-W≥, hn F-kv kp-Pb, ]-tc-X-\m-b bp Fw \m-cm-b-W≥.

h-≈n-°p-∂v: h-≈n-°p∂v kz-tZ-in s\-øm-‰n≥-Ic-bn-se tPm-enÿ-e-Øv a-cn-®p. h-≈n-°p-∂v kn._n l-b¿ sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iq-fn-\p ]-Sn-™m-dv ]md-°-]-d-ºn¬ tIm-b-°p-´nbp-sS a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv dm^n (23) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. \n¿- a m- W sØm- g n- e m- f nbm-bn-cp-∂p. H-cp-am-kw ap-ºv ho-´n¬-\n-∂p Xn-cp-h-\¥-]p-c-sØ tPm-en-ÿ-e-tØ°p t]m-b-Xm-bn-cp∂p. am-Xm-hv: B-an-\-. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: dm-_n-b, dkn-b.

_Ên-Sn-¨v ssk-¡nÄ bm-{X-nI³ a-cn-¨p

h-S-I-c: P-\-X kn Fw _-kvkv-t‰m-∏n-\p k-ao-]-w _- n-Sn-®v ssk-°nƒ bm-{X-nI≥ a-cn-®p. H-©n-bw I-Æq-I-c aT-Øn¬ Ip-∂p-Ω¬ `m-kv-I-c≥ (61) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. C∂-se ssh-Io-´m-Wv A]-ISw. Imk¿-tKm-Uv˛tIm-gn-t°m-Sv dq-´n-tem-Sp-∂ en\n-b _-km-Wv C-Sn-®-Xv. `m-cy: k-Xn. a-°ƒ: dn-Pp, dn-t\jv, c-ao-jv. a-cp-a-Iƒ: do\.

ss_-¡]-I-S-¯n bphmhv a-cn-¨p sh-´-Øq¿: ss_-°p-Iƒ Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn®p. sh-´-Øq¿ am-cm-Øv _o-cm≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS a-I≥ ss^-k¬ (28) B-Wv a-cn®-Xv. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sN-dphm-Sn tX-\m-]-d-ºn-em-bncp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. am-Xm-hv: B-an-\. `m-cy: d-jo-Z. c≠p -Ip-´n-I-fp-≠v. k-tlmZ-c-߃: in-lm-_p-±o≥, jm-ln-Z, \-Zo-d.

k-tlm-Z-c-§Ä HtcZnhkw acn¨p N-{μ³

A-Ðp-Ã A-d-_n

I-®³ \m-bÀ

A-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n lm-Pn -

a-½-Xv

tPm¬ -

am-fp

ap-l-½-Zv -

C-cn-´n: am-S-Øn-se sXt°-bn¬ N-{μ≥ sshZy¿ (54). `m-cy: Pm-\-In. A-∂-t»-cn: I-≠n-bn¬ kn Ir-jv-W≥ (60). `mcy: ]p-jv-]. a-°ƒ: _nμp, kn-‘p, _n-\o-jv (ku-Zn).

X-f-¶-c: I-S-h-Øv d-^oJv a≥-kn-en-se A-–p√ A-d-_n (74). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: ko-\-Øv, d-^oJv, k-ao-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-ZvIp-™n, A-kokv, ssd-lm-\. k-tlm-Zc-߃: a-dn-bw-_n, ssk-\-_n.

C-cn-´n: D-fn-bn-se ]n hn I-Æ≥ \m-b¿ (78). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b Ieym-Wn. a-°ƒ: cm-P≥, N-{μ≥, cm-[n-I. k-tlm-Z-c߃: \m-cm-b-W≥ (Un.kn.kn. ap≥ sk{I-´-dn), I-Ωm-c≥.

Xn-cp-\m-hm-b: ssh-c-t¶mSv A-√q¿ ]p-Xp-]-d-ºn¬ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n lm-Pn (I-p™n-tam≥ ˛67). `m-cy: _nøp-Ω. a-°ƒ: Jm-Pm lpssk≥, \-Pv-ap-±o≥ (C-cph-cpw A-_q-Z-_n), dp-Jnb, ^-ko-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv jm-^n, ap-l-Ω-Zv j-co-^v, dw-e, kp-ss_-Z.

A-tØm-fn: th-fq¿ aTØn¬ a-ΩX - v (67). tIm-gnt°m-Sv sN-dq-´n-tdm-Unse ]m-≠n-Ii - m-eb - n¬ sXmgn-em-fn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: kp-ss_-Z, B-bn-j, A-jd v- ^ - v, dm_n-b. a-cp-a° - ƒ: k-°o¿ lp-kbv≥, A-–p¬ dkm-Jv.

F-S-°-c: Np-¶-Ø-d ]≈n-°p-Øv No-c-°p-gnbn-se I-hn-W-Øv sI Fw tPm¨ (87). `m-c-y: tdm-k-Ω. a-°ƒ: cm-Pp, tPm-bn, tPm-kv, en-kn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sP-bnw-kv, A-\p-tamƒ, A-∂-Ω, kp-a.

Hm-a-t»-cn-: aT-Øn¬- ]tc-X-\m-b tNm-bn-bp-sS `m-cy- am-fp (85)-. a-°ƒ-: ]p-jv-]-[-c≥,- `-c-X≥,- P\m¿-±-\≥,- kp-tc-{μ≥,- Znt\-iv-Ip-am¿,- h-¬k-e,]-tc-X-bm-b eo-em-a-Wn.a-cp-a-°ƒ-: h-¬k-e,ku-an-\n,- t{]-a,- ]p-jv-],im-¥,- in-h-i-¶-c≥,- ]tc-X-\m-b N-¥p-°p-´n.-

Im-fn-Im-hv: {km-ºn-°√n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b C-ΩnWn-b-Øv B-en-bp-sS aI≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv (_m-∏p-´n ˛55). am-Xm-hv: a-dn-bw. `mcy: k-°o-\. a-°ƒ: _pssl-kv, k-^o-\, C¿jm-Zv, kp-_o-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-Z-J-Øp-√ (sI.F-kv.B¿.Sn.kn), k¬-am≥ (a-ºm-Sv).

ssk-X-e-hn

sk-bv-Xv -

Ip-ªm-I -

ta-em-‰q¿: F-S-∏-‰ sImºw-I-√v I-cn-∏m-bn¬ skbv-Xv (85). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: Ip-™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv, t]m-°¿, D-Ω¿, A-–p¬ K-^q¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^mØn-a, ssa-aq-\, kp-sseJ, D-Ωp¬ \-ko-a.

Xn-cq-cß - m-Sn: I-dp-tØ-SØv Ip-™m-I. `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\ - m-b \o-eI - W - vT≥. a-°ƒ: Ip-™m-¥, hmkp, Zm-k≥, tZ-hp, I-ae - , h-≈n. a-cp-a° - ƒ: i-¶c - ≥, cm-a≥, th-em-bp-[≥, tZhp, kp-io-e, A-Pn-X.

B-−-h³ -

A-_p -

_m-_p

A-cn-¸m-bn

s]m-∂m-Sv: A-Sn-®n-°¬ A-_p (61). `m-cy: D-Ωm-®Ip-´n. a-°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^, dn-im-Zv, k-^n-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: e-Øo-^v sNdp-hm-bq¿, X-kv-eo-\. ktlm-Z-c-߃: D-Æo≥-Ip´n, C-Øm-ep, A-e-hn lm-Pn.

am-fp

tIm-´-°¬: s]m-∑-f I≠w-Ip-fw ho-´n¬ B≠-h≥ (71). `m-cy: tZ-h-In. a-°ƒ: tam-l≥-Zm-kv, kp-tc-jv, t{]-a-e-X, kp-a-e-X, Djm-Ip-am-cn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-hp-Æn, a-Rv-Pp-j.

t]-cm-{º: sh-≈n-bq-cnse Nm-en¬-ao-ج _m-_p(46) I-°-bw. `mcy: am-[-hn. a-°ƒ: A-`nem-jv-_m-_p, A-`n-\-μv_m-_p (s\m-®m-Sv lb¿-sk-°-≥U-dn-kvIqƒ hn-Zym¿-Yn).

sIm-bn-em-≠n: t\-S-cn ]-tc-X-\m-b h-en-b-]-dºn¬ I-Æ-s‚ `m-cy Acn-∏m-bn (97). a-°ƒ: \mcm-b-Wn, Pm-\p, b-timZ, i-in. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sN°n-Wn, _m-e≥, cm-a≥, X-¶.

t_-∏q¿: \-Sp-h-´w an¬-a I-º-\n-°v In-g-°v-`m-Kw ]-tc-X-\m-b ]p-Ø≥-]pc-bn¬ H-tX-\-s‚ `m-cy am-fp (82). a-°ƒ: cm-a-N{μ≥, Ir-jv-W≥-Ip-´n, {io-a-Xn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cma≥, I-a-e, _n-μp.

Ir-jv-W³

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: I-√m-bn sI-Wn-b-{¥-]-d-ºn¬ keo-\ a≥-kn-en¬ ssk-Xe-hn (_m-hp-˛68). `m-cy: ]m-Øp-ssΩ. a-°ƒ: kpss_¿, kp-ss_-Z, k-eo\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lw-k-t°mb, Jm-en-Zv, d-kn-b.

Sm-¦À A]-I-Sw: c-hn-Zm-kn-sâ a-b-¡pa-cp-¶p-am-bn hn-ZymÀ-Yn-I-fpw ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kv-I-cn-¨p G-Pâpw ]n-Sn-bn tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: shÃv ln¬ Np¶-Øn\p kao]w ]m-N-I-hmX-I Sm-¶¿tem-dn KpUvkv Hmt´mbv°p apI-fn-te°p a-dn™v a-cn-® Hm-t´m ss{U-h¿ chn-Zm-kn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kvI-cn-®p. C-∂-se D-®-bv°v H-∂c-tbm-sS-bm-Wv t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´Øn-\p-ti-jw arX-tZlw _‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Ø-Xv. tijw Ip-≠p-]-d-ºv C-Sp-h-\new X-S-ßm-´p-h-b-en-se ho-´nse-Øn-® ar-X-tZ-lØn¬ kl-{]-h¿-Ø-I-cpw \m-´p-Im-cpw B-Zm-c-RvP-en-I-f¿-∏n-®p. i-\n-bm-gv-N D-®-bv°v ti-jw aq-∂-c-tbm-sSbmbn-cp∂p A]I-Sw. G-I A-Øm-Wn-bm-bn-cp∂ c-hn-Zm-kn-s‚ th¿-]m-Sv Ip-

Spw-_-sØ Xo¿Øpw A-\m-Yam°n. Im-c-∏-d-ºn-se D-∏p-I≠w Ip-Spw-_w A-©p-h¿-jw apºm-Wv X-S-ßm-´p-h-b¬ C-cp-h\n-e-Øv Xm-a-k-am-°n-b-Xv. KpUv-kv Hm-t´m Hm-Sn-®m-Wv `m-cybpw c-≠p a-°-fp-a-S-ßp-∂ IpSpw-_-sØ-bpw tcm-Kn-bm-b AΩ A-cn-bm-bn-sb-bpw c-hn-Zm-kv t]m-‰n-bn-cp-∂-Xv. aq-Ø-a-I≥ hn]n≥-Zm-kn-\p Zn-h-k-h-cp-am-\-ambn-´n-√. a-Iƒ Zn-hy-bm-I-s´ h-nZym¿-Yn-\n-bp-am-Wv. kz-¥-am-bn hoSv ]Wn-bm-\p≈ Hcp-°ßƒ XpS-ßn-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw ]Wn ]q¿Øn-bm-hpw-apsº kv]v\w _m°n-bm°n chn-Zmkns\ acWw X´n-sb-Sp-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.

B-ep-h: e-l-cn-a-cp-∂p-I-fp-ambn tIm-f-Pv hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-fpw GP‚pw ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. tIm-b-ºØq¿ {]-^-j-\¬ tIm-f-Pnse _n.sS-Iv Ah-km-\-h¿j hnZym¿-Yn-I-fm-b tPm-_n≥ emk¿, \n-Yn≥- h¿-Ko-kv, tPm¨ tPm-°-_v F-∂n-h-cpw a-b-°p-acp-∂v FØn®p-\¬Inb C-S-∏≈n kz-tZ-in _n-\p-hp-am-Wp ]nSn-bn-em-b-Xv. I-S-h-{¥-bn¬ F-Iv-ssk-kv F≥-t^m-gv-kv B‚ v B‚n \m¿-t°m-´n-Iv kv-s]-jy¬ kvvIzm-Uv \-S-Øn-b ]-cn-tim-[-\bn-em-Wv C-h¿ ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv. C-h-cn¬ \n-∂v F¬.F-kv.Un lm-jn-jv, ss\-t{Sm-sk-]mw Kpfn-I-Iƒ, I-©m-hv F-∂n-h-bpw

e-l-cn-a-cp-∂p-I-fp-am-bn ]n-Sn-bn-em-bh¿ ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn. C-Xn¬ tPm-_n≥ emkdns\ I-©m-hv ssI-h-iwh®-Xn-\v tIm-f-Pn¬ \n-∂p k-kvs]‚ v sN-bvXncp∂p. C-h¿ aq∂p h¿-jtØmf-ambn I-©mhpw F¬.F-kv.Un F-∂ e-lcn-IqSnb a-cp-∂pw D-]-tbm-Kn°p-∂-h-cm-sW-∂p t]m-en-kv ]d-™p. _m-w•q-¿, tKm-h- F∂nhn-S-ß-fn¬ \n∂mWv C-h tI-c-

f-Øn-se-Øn-®-sX-∂v t]m-enkv ]-d™p. sd-bv-Un¬ kv-s]jy¬ sk¬ kn.sF. sI sI A-\n¬Ip-am¿, A-kn. C-≥-kvs]-Œ¿ sI sI kp-{_-lvaWy≥, {]-n-h‚o-hv Hm-^n-k¿ P∫m¿, kn.C.H.am-cm-b ssj-Pp, Ir-jv-W-Ip-am¿, {]-Zo-]v-Ip-am¿ , jn-lm-_p-±o≥, a-Wn, kp-\o-jvIp-am¿ ]-s¶-Sp-Øp.

\-cn-°p-\n: ktlm-Z-c-߃ aWn-°q-dp-Iƒ hyXymk-Øn¬ acn-®p. aq-¿-J≥-Ip-≠v I-cp-h≥-s]m-bn¬ tNm-bn-°p-´n (68), ktlm-Zcn I-eym-Wn(60) F∂nh-cmWv acn-®-Xv. tNm-bn-°p-´nbpsS `m-cy: {io-a-Xn. a°ƒ: Kn-co-jv, Kn-cn-P, `n-j, Pn-j. I-eym-WnbpsS `¿Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-≠-®m-en¬ D-Æn. k-©-b-\w _p-[\mgvN.

a-e-bm-fn F-³Pn-\o-bÀ UÂ-ln-bn tjm-t¡-äp a-cn-¨p

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: Kr-l-{]th-i-Øn-\p-≈ H-cp-°ßƒ-°n-S-bn¬ a-e-bm-fn F-≥Pn-\o-b¿ U¬-lnbn¬ tjm-t°-‰p a-cn-®p. Io-gn-√w tN-∂-\-Øv in-hcm-a am-cm-cp-sS a-I≥ cmtP-jv F-kv am-cm¿ (39) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11\v t\m-bn-U-bnse kz-¥w ^v-fm-‰n-em-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. hym-gm-gv-N Kr-l-{]-th-iw \n-›-bn-®n-cn-°p-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. ^v-fm-‰n-se C-e-Iv-{Sn-°¬ tPm-en-I-fn¬ k-lm-bn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn-¬ tjmt°‰ cmtP-jns\ A-Sp-Øp-≈ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏ns®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®I-gn-™v c-≠n-\v Io-gn-√-sØ ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. sI.-kn._n C‚¿-\m-j-\¬ F-∂ ÿm-]-\Øn¬ A-kn- v am-t\-P-cm-bn-cp-∂p. F-´p h¿-jam-bn U¬-ln-bn¬ tPm-en sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ cmtP-jv c-≠p-am-kw ap-ºm-Wv Cu ÿm-]-\-Øn¬ {]th-in-®-Xv.A-]-I-Sw \-S-°p-tºmƒ `m-cy tcm-ln-Wnbpw a-Iƒ \n-th-Zn-X-bpw H-∏-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

H-gp-¡nÂ-s¸-«v ]n©p-Ip-ªns\ 82 Im-c³ {]-Ir-Xnhn-cp-² ]o-U-\-¯n-\n-c-bm-¡n Im-Wm-Xm-bn tIm-´-bw: aq-∂pam-kw {]m-b-amb B¨-Ip-™n-s\ 82Im-c≥ {]-Ir-Xnhn-cp-≤ ssewKnI ]oU-\-Øn-\n-c-bm-°n. A-h-i-\mb Ip-™v sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv Ip-´n-I-fp-sS B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In-¬-k-bn-em-Wv. Nm-e-®n-d I-≠-Øn¬ ho-´n¬ Nm®n(82)bm-Wv ]o-Un-∏n-®-sX∂m-Wv ]-cm-Xn. C-bmƒ H-fn-hnem-Wv. C-∂-se D-®bv-°v c-t≠m-sSbm-Wv kw-`-hw. tIm-´-ap-dn sNº≥-]p-dw tIm-f-\n-bn-se Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS Ip-´n-bm-Wv ]o-U-\Øn-\n-c-bm-b-Xv. C-h-cp-sS A-Sp-Ø _-‘phm-b Nm-®n-bp-sS Ip-dn-®n Nm-e®n-d-bn-se I-≠-Øn¬ ho-

´n¬h-®m-Wv kw`hw. aq-∂pZnh-k-߃-°v ap-ºm-Wv Z-º-XnIƒ Ip-´n-bp-am-bn Nm-®n-bp-sS ho-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. C-∂-se cmhn-se Ip-´n-bp-sS ]n-Xm-hv ]Wn-°p-t]m-bn-cp-∂p. c-≠v aWn-tbm-sS A-Ω ao≥ sh-´ns°m-≠n-cp-∂ k-a-b-Øv I-´nen¬ In-S-Ønb Ip-™n-s\ Nm®n ]o-Un-∏n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. I-c-®n¬ tI-´v A-Ω-sb-Øn-bt∏m-gmWv kw`hw I≠-Xv. _lfw tI´v A-b¬-°m¿ HmSn-sb-Øn-sb-¶nepw Nm-®n c£-s∏´n-cp-∂p. Ip´nsb D-S≥ B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. kw-`-hØn¬ Nn-ß-h-\w t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: ]-º-bm-‰n¬ B-d∑p-f I-S-hn¬ Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßnb c≠v bphm-°-fn¬ Hcmsf Im-Wm-Xm-bn. tIm-g-t©-cnbn¬ hm-S-I-bv-°v Xm-a-kn-°p∂ ssS¬-kv ]-Wn-bn-te¿-s∏-´ncp-∂ t^m¿-´v sIm-®n kz-tZ-in kp-ta-jn-s\-bm-Wv Im-Wm-Xmb-Xv. H-∏-ap-≠m-b sPkn(20)s\- \m´p-Im¿ c£-s∏SpØn tIm-g-t©-cn-bn-se Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v B-tdmsS- B-d-∑p-f k-{X-°-S-hn-\v kao-]-am-Wv kw-`-hw. ]-Ø-\w-Xn´-bn¬ \n-∂v ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv FØn-sb-¶n-epw cm-{Xnbmb-Xn\m¬ Iq-Sp-X¬ Xn-c-®n¬ \-SØm\mbn-√. C-∂v Xn-c-®n¬ XpS-cpw.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

31 am¿®v 2014 Xn¶ƒ

Sq-dn-Ìv _-Ên-Sn-¨v ImÀ bm-{Xn-I³ a-cn-¨p

Ip-«³ \m-bÀ

I-cp-Wm-I-c³

kp-`-{Z

hn-jv-Wp

cm-Pp

t{X-ky

ta-cn

lm-Pn-dm-_o-hn

a-\-s°m-Sn: In-g-°pw-]pdw ]-≈n-∏m-´v Ip-´≥ \mb¿ (94). `m-cy: X-¶-a-Wn. a-°ƒ: c-hn, kp-`-{Z, hn-Pb, tam-l-\≥, tKm-hnμ≥, D-Æn-tam≥, _m-_p´≥, kv-an-X, {]n-b, c-Xojv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-tcm-Pn\n, \m-cm-b-W≥, Kw-Km[-c≥, A-\n-X, en-Pn, an\n,cm-a-N-{μ≥, in-h≥.

Ip-a-c-Iw: sX-°pw `m-Kw B-‰p-]p-dw ho-´n¬ I-cpWm-I-c≥ (82). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v ]-I¬ c-≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. Ip-a-c-Iw ssX-Ø-d ho-´n¬ X-¶-Ωbm-Wv `m-cy: a-°ƒ: kpK-‘-Ω, sse-e, jo-e. acp-a-°ƒ: A-\n-b≥, c-hn, jm-Pn.

]m-h-d-´n: sh≥-ta-\m-Sv tIm-∂≥-_-km¿ tIm-cnt»-cn ]-tc-X-\m-b Ir-jvW≥-°p-´n-bp-sS a-Iƒ kp-`-{Z (81). kw-kv-°mcw C-∂v cm-hn-se H-ºXn-\v tIm-´-∏-Sn iv-a-im-\Øn¬ \-S-Øpw.

a-\-s°m-Sn: ]p-≈v kz-tZin I-Sp-°m-´v jm-Pn-bp-sS a-I≥ hn-jv-Wp (20). -A-Ω: jo-P. k-tlm-Z-cn: {io-Xp.

]m-tem-Sv: Ip-≠m-Sv Bcym `-h-\n¬ sI cm-Pp (40). `m-cy: B¿ _n-μp. aIƒ: B-cy.

cm-L-h³

_-Zn-bS- p-°: am-SØ - S- p°-bn-se Fw Fw sam-bvXo≥Ip-™n-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-i l-÷p-Ω (47). a-°ƒ: kp-lvd - , k-do-\, A-kvl - d - p-±o≥, Zn¬-jmZv, dn-kvh - m≥. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-ko-kv (J-Ø¿), a-jvlq-Zv (ku-Zn).

D-Wn-Nn-d: ap-´-tØm-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ss]-en-bpsS `m-cy t{X-ky (96). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 3.30\v tXm-∏n¬ ta-cn dm-Wn ]≈n-bn¬. ]-tc-X In-g-°º-ew tIm-bn-°-c Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: kn ta-cn B≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b F-en-k-_-Øv(bp.Fkv.F), am-Xyq-kv(bp.Fkv.F), B‚-Wn(P¿-Ω\n), tPm-k-^v ap-´-tØm´n¬(tI-c-f-am-kv-‰¿ {]nt‚-gv-kv A-tkm-kn-tbj≥ {]-kn-U‚ v), ta-cn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: G-en-°p-´n tIm-bn-°-c (bp.Fkv.F.), t{X-kym-Ω (P¿Ω-\n), ta-cn , B-‚-Wn I√q¿.

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: B-thm-en ]m-e-°m-´v ]-tc-X-\m-b am-Xy-hn-s‚ `m-cy tacn(85). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 3,30\v B-\n°m-Sv sk‚ v sk-_mÃy≥-kv ]-≈n Ip-Spw-_I-√-d-bn¬. ]-tc-X Ip-amc-aw-K-ew h-S-°pw-]-dºn¬ Ip-Sw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: ta-gv-kn, tPm-k^o-\, ^m≥-ko-\, F-enk-_-Øv, ]-tc-X-bm-b ]u-fo-\, tSm-an, sP-bn≥ am-Xyp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm¨ sIm-®p-ap-´w, G\m-s\-√q¿ tPm-kv Ip∂w-tIm-´v sXm-Sp-]p-g, B-≥-kn h-´-a-e-Ip-t∂¬ ap-X-e-t°m-Sw.

s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv: ]-\-hq¿ ap-Øn-°m-aq-e-bn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b A-_p-j-lpam≥ Ip-™n-s‚ `m-cy lm-Pn-dm-_o-hn (86). a°ƒ: A-–p¬ A-kokv, A-–p¬ d-jo-Zv, ku-Zm-_o-hn, B-_n-Zm_o-hn, jn-lm-_p-±o≥ (dn-´. U-]yq-´n P-\-d-¬ am-t\-P¿, Xn-cp-h-\-¥]p-cw Pn-√m k-l-I-c-W_m-¶v, P-am-A-Øv Iu¨-kn¬ kw-ÿm-\ ssh-kv-{]-kn-U‚ v-), jd-^p-±o≥ (]-\-hq¿ ]©m-b-Øv ssh-kv-{]-k-nU‚ v), jm-P-lm≥, Abq-_v-Jm≥, am-Pn-Zm-_ohn, tkm-^n-bm-_o-hn, ]-tc-X-bm-b B-Øp-°m_o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv apkv-X-^, k-eow, A-ao≥ h-°w, A-–p¬-Jm-Z¿, P-ao-em-_o-hn, ^m-bnkm-_o-hn, P-_o-Zm-_oKw, \-ko-a, l-eo-a, lko-\, ]-tc-X-\m-b lk≥-jm. J-_-d-S-°w C∂p cm-hn-se 11\v ]-\hq¿ ]p-Ø≥-]-≈n J_¿-ÿm-\n��.

eo-e amtØm´w: ]-tc-X\m-b Im-´p-]-dº-Øv tKm-]m-es‚ `m-cy eo-e (75). a°ƒ: hn-Pb≥ (an¬-a _q-Øv, am-tØm-´w), Knco-jv-Ip-am¿ (sI Pn kvt‰m¿, am-tØm-´w), {]-aof.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: X-¶-bsØ Iq-Øq¿ cm-L-h≥ (80). `m-cy: Sn im-¥-Ipam-cn (]-©m-b-Øv ap≥ Aw-Kw). a-°ƒ: {]-im¥v (tkm-^v-‰v-sh-b¿ F≥-Pn-\o-b¿, F-d-WmIp-fw), [-\y.

B-bn-i l-Öp-½

im-´-Ip-am-cn

^m-¯n-a B-e-∏p-g: \-K-c-k-`m tÃ-Un-bw hm¿-Un¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]-Sn-™m-sd jm-^n a-l-√v ap-Ø-h-√n A-–p-√m bm-^n-bp-sS ]p-{Xn-bpw ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zv bm-^n-bp-sS ^m-Øn-a (ssk-\-_mbm-^n-˛90)-. B-e-∏p-g ss]-ßm-aTw Ip-Spw-_mwK-am-Wv. a-I-≥: ]-tc-X-\mb A-_q-_-°¿ bm-^n (tIm-bm-∏q), a-cp-a-°ƒ: ko-\-Øv bm-^n.

^-tdm-°v: ]-tc-X-\m-b ]q-tX-cn tKm-]m-e-s‚ `m-cy I-b-tem-´v im-¥Ip-am-cn (76). a-°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv-Ipam¿ (]q-tX-cn t{]m-]¿t´¿-kv ss{]-h-‰v en-an-‰Uv), {]-im-¥v (Zp-_bv), _n-μp (tX-™n-∏-ew tIm-˛-Hm-]-td-‰o-hv _m¶v). a-cp-a-°ƒ: \o-\, hn-Zy, kp-\n¬-Ip-am¿. k-©b-\w hym-gm-gvN.

G-en-¡p-«n

`m-kv-I-c-]n-Å

cm-tP-{μ³

ap-l-½-Zv ap-kv-X-^

Aw-_n-I

jm-Pn-\n

dt_¡

I-Z-fn-°m-Sv: t]-∏-Xn-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tP-°-_ns‚ `m-cy G-en-°p-´n(83). kw-kv-°m-cw sNm-Δm-gv-N cm-hn-se 10,30\v I-Z-fn°m-Sv hn-a-e-am-Xm ]-≈nbn¬ ]-tc-X hm-g-°p-fw h-e-Xn-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kam-Wv. a-°ƒ: t{K-kn, eo-em-Ω, F¬-k-Ω, tPm¿-Pv (jm-Pn), jm-_p. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: {^m≥-kn-kv Ip-∂-∏-≈n, tk-hy¿ Ico-Ø-d, sk-_m-Ãy≥ sh-´n-°¬, sa-do-\, sP≥-kn.

h¿-°-e: I-º-Sn-I-fn Bim-\pw s]m-Xp-a-cm-a-Øv h-Ip-∏n-se dn-´. Po-h-\°m-c-\p-am-b sN-dp-Ip∂w aT-Øn¬-ho-´n¬ B¿ `m-kv-I-c-]n-≈ (81). `m-cy: sI hn-P-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: {]-km-Zv, tim-`, te-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\n-em¬, k-\¬, _n-Pn-Ip-am-cn.

Nn-d-bn≥-Io-gv: a-©m-Snaq-Sv tIm-´-∏p-dw B¿.]n `-h-\n¬ cm-tP-{μ≥ (60). `m-cy: {]-k-∂. a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, cm-[nI. a-cp-a-I≥: jn-_p.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]m-bv®n-d a-c-ßm-hn-f ho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-X-^ (64). `m-cy: kp-ss_-Zm-_o-hn. a-°ƒ: \n-km-ap-±o≥, \u-jm-Zv, \-kow, \m-knb. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-em-lp±o≥, k-Pv-\, sj-an, jPn-\.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ITn\w-Ip-fw th¬ `-h-\n¬ I-cp-Wm-I-c-s‚ `m-cy Aw-_n-I (52).

sIm√w: apJ-Ø-e Ip-dpa-Æ-bn¬ \-μ-\-Øn¬ {]_p≤-s‚ `mcy jm-Pn\n(47˛A-[ym-]n-I K-h. F¬.]n.F-kv, apJ-Øe). a°ƒ: A-c-hn-μv {]_p, A-a¬ {]_p.

]∑-\: sIm√-I, ]-≠-Iim-e-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]n sP tPm¿-Pn-s‚ `m-cy d-t_-°(81). a°ƒ: tPm-k^v, kmaph¬, _o-\m-Ω, ^nen∏v, km-dm-Ω. a-cpa°ƒ: kqk-Ω, C ]n tPm¨, tPmfn, sN-dn-bm≥ tPm¿Pv, ]-tc-X-bm-b tamfn.

I-cp-Wm-I-c-¸-Wn-¡À

ap-l-½-Zv

]p-en-°p-∂v: Im-k¿tIm-Uv am¿-°-‰v tdmUn¬ A-c-\q-‰m-≠p Ime-tØm-fw hym-]m-cn-bmbn-cp-∂ ]p-en-°p-∂v k-do-\ s^-dn I-S-hv tdm-Un-se Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: D-Spw-_psI F ap-l-Ω-Zv (84). ¥-e _-≠v tdm-Un-se Fw C-Jv-_m¬ (A-_q-Z- `m-cy: \-^o-k. _n)-˛-^m-Øn-a Z-º-Xn-I- a-°ƒ: d-km-Jv, e-Øofp-sS a-Iƒ F≥ kn k- ^v, sam-bv-Xo≥ Ip-™n, A-ko-kv, lm-jnw, Xmdo-\ (H-º-Xv). D-Spw-_p-¥-e K-h. F¬.- cn-kv, km-Zn-Jv, a-lv-jq]n.- kv-Iqƒ aq-∂mw X-cw Jv, _o-^m-Øn-a, ssa-aq\, B-bn-j, J-Zo-P. hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-Wv.

l-ao-Zv

B-kn-bm-_n l-Öp-½ X-e-t»-cn: Sn.kn. ap-°nse B-jym-\-bn¬ (k_m-lv) ]-tc-X-\m-b apl-Ω-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `mcy Xo-°q-°¬ B-knbm-_n l-÷p-Ω (76). a°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^, ^ukn-bm _o-Kw, km-_n-d, i-co-^, kp-c-ø, ]-tc-X\m-b k-eow. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-km-°p-´n, kn-±o-Jv, l-\o-^, ko-\Øv, ]-tc-X-\m-b lp-kbv≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-en, kzm-en-lv, Ip™m-™p, dm-_n-b.

h-fm-t©-cn: Im-hpw-]pdw \-S-°m-hn¬ ap-l-ΩZv (Ip-™- lm-Pn˛78).

\n-d-a-cp-Xq¿: \n-d-a-cpXq¿ _o-cm≥-Ip-´n ap-kveym-cp-sS a-cp-a-Iƒ dp-Jnb (65). `¿-Øm-hv: sslZ¿- lm-Pn. a-°ƒ: jm^n, \-^o-k, B-kn-b, ^m-Øn-am -kp-lv-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p-¿d-lv-am≥, _-jo¿.

B-\m-hq¿: Ip-f-t°m-Sv Ip-gn-tbm-S¬ ]p-Ø≥ho-´n¬ I-cp-Wm-I-c-∏Wn-°¿(76). a-°ƒ: km-hn-{Xn, iyma-f, k-Xn, a-Wn-IWvT≥-. a-cp-a-°ƒ: N-{μ≥, taml-\≥, Zn-t\-iv-Ip-am-¿, h-\-P. k-©-b-\w G-{]n¬ aq∂v cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v.

th-em-bp-[³

sF-jm-_o-hn

Zn-eo-]v Ip-amÀ

Nm-t¡m

hn-f-½

Ip-ªn-sam-bv-Xn³

]o-äÀ

hÀ-Ko-kv

Nm-e-°p-Sn: am-{º F-cbmw-Ip-Sn \-S-bv-°-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b _m-hp Ip-™n-bp-sS a-Iƒ sFjm-_o-hn(43).

am-f: tX-≠-°m-c≥ A-ø∏p-™n-bp-sS a-I≥ Zn-eo]v-Ip-am¿(53). `m-cy: kn‘p.

am-f: tIm-´-ap-dn sX-‰-bn¬ F-Sm-´p-Im-c≥ am-ØpÆn Nm-t°m(81). `m-cy: do-Ø. a-°ƒ: ssd-\n, _m-_p, t_m-_n. a-cp-a°ƒ: tXm-a-kv, en- n, doP.

Ip-º-f-ßn: ]-©m-bØv Hm-^n-kn-\p-k-ao]w ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-t{Xmkn-s‚ a-Iƒ hn-fΩ(88). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂pcm-hn-se 10\v.

{io-aq-e-\-K-cw: Hm-e-∏nem¬ Ip-™p-sam-bv-Xo≥ (87). dn-´. Iym-]v-‰¨. `m-cy: sF-ip. a-°ƒ; Ip-™pap-l-Ω-Zv, ^m-Øn-a, sambv-Xo≥-Ip-™v, sF-im_o-hn, ap-l-Ω-Zm-en. a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-ao-e, Ip™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv, apw-Xm-kv, ssl-t{Zm-kv, jn-_n.

tXm-∏pw-]-Sn: I-gp-Øp-ap´v ]-h¿ lu-kn-\p k-ao]w ]-≈n-∏-d-ºn¬ ]o‰¿(67). a¿-®‚ v t\-hn D-tZym-Kÿ-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: t{K-kn. a-°ƒ: an-\n, ant\-jv(a¿-®‚ v t\-hn), an¬-´≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: s^ev-In-kv,Sn‚p. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p- cm-hn-se 10.30\v I-gp-Øp-ap-´v km≥-tXmw tZ-hm-e-b -sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬.

Ip-Øp-Ip-gn: I-∂-∏n≈n¬ h¿-Ko-kv(h-°®≥-˛75). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p- cm-hn-se 9\v I-h-fßm-Sv sk‚ v tPm¨-kv ko-\m-bv bm-t°m-_m-b kp-dn-bm-\n ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: IpØp-Ip-gn sIm-f-tº¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw km-dm-Ω. a-°ƒ: s_-∂n, A-Pntam≥. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: tIm-gn∏n-≈n a-Æm¿-°-c jo-e, tIm-gn-∏n-≈n Im-´p-Nn-d Po-_.

ap-l-½-Zv

am-f: tIm-´-ap-dn em-en-bw ]-d-ºn¬ Ip-dp-º≥ them-bp-[≥(60). `m-cy: Aw_n-I. a-°ƒ: {]n-b, {]oXn, {]n≥-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tJ-jv, _n-Pp.

tXm-a-kv C-cn-°q¿: s]-cp-h-f-Øp]-d-ºv s]-t{Sm-ƒ-]-ºn-\v k-ao-]w sN-dn-bm-≠n lu-kn¬ Sn tXm-a-kv (52). `m-cy: kn tcm-ln-Wn. a°ƒ: k-‘y, k-Rv-P-bv (C-cp-h-cpw hn-Zym¿-YnIƒ). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ta-cn, X-øm-Ω, F¬-kn, h¬-k, ]-tc-X-\m-b cmPp.

dp-Jn-b

A-^v-kÀ X-e-t»-cn: Nn-c-°-c ]≈n-Øm-g A-ø-e-Øv kvIq-fn-\p k-ao-]w _-n-kvan-√-bn¬ ]m-Xm-dp-Ω¬ A-^v-k¬ (46). ]-tc-X\m-b sI ]n A- p-hns‚-bpw dm-_n-b-bp-sSbpw a-I-\m-Wv. `m-cy: jao-\. a-°ƒ: s_≥-kod, \n-lm¬, \n-Zm¬. ktlm-Z-c-߃: kn-bm-Zv, Pm-_n¿, ko-\-Øv, X_o-P, j-ao-d.

ssk-\-_ a-t©-cn: ap-kv-enw -eo-Kv kw-ÿm-\ P-\-d¬ sk{I-´-dn-bpw cm-Py-k-`mw-Khpw U-]yq-´n kv-]o-°-dpam-bn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X-\m-b sIm-c-º-bn¬ A-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy Ip-gnºm-S-Øv ssk-\-_ (74). ]n-Xm-hv: C-ºn-®n A-l-Ω-Zv. am-Xm-hv: dp-Jnb. a-I≥: ap-l-Ω-Z-en (am-t\-Pn-Mv U-b-d-Œ¿, sIm-c-º-bn¬ tlm-kv]n-‰¬, a-t©-cn).

kp-amw-Kn-b-½ F-S° - c - : Un.-ssh.-F^v.sF kw-ÿm-\ sk{I-´d - n Fw kz-cm-Pns‚ amXmhv sR-´n-°p-fw kpam \ - n-hm-kv kp-amw-Kn-bΩ. `¿Ømhv: ap-cf - o-[c≥ \m-b¿ - . (58). aIƒ: kz-]v\ - (-_mw•q¿). a-cp-a°ƒ: C tKm-]m-eI - r-jvW≥, l-cn-X.

l-k-bv\mÀ lm-Pn s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: ]md¬ F-Sm-bn-°¬ sNΩ≥-Ip-gn-bn¬ lkbv-\m¿ lm-Pn. a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, Ju-eØv, D-ssa-_, k-^nb, k¬-a-Øv, a-dn-b, d-jo-Z, k-do-\, km\n-_, sam-bv-Xo≥, l\o-^, d-^o-Jv.

X-e-t»-cn: tIm-tWm¿ h-b¬ k-Io-\m a≥-knen¬ bp sI l-ao-Zv (72). `m-cy: Sn ]n k-Io-\. a°ƒ: l-ko-\, A-kv-ew, jw-ko¿, iw-j-Øv, t_\-ko¿, jm-\-hm-kv (Xe-t»-cn ap-\n-kn-∏¬ Iu¨-kn-e¿), dm-jn-Zv, apw-Xm-kv, ssk-_p-∂nk, \p-kv-d-Øv.

k-\n-j Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: Im-b-tems´ tIm-a-Øvs]m-bnen¬ Fw Ir-jv-W-s‚ aIƒ k-\n-j (32). ktlm-Z-c-߃: \n-jo-Zv, l-\o-jv, Pn-Pn-j, Pn-\ojv.

_o-cm³- lm-Pn A-c-b-t¶m-Sv: A-°-csØm-Sn-I-bn¬ _o-cm≥lm-Pn (70). `m-cy: B-bni -_o-hn. a-°ƒ: P-amep-±o≥ (Pn-±), ap-l-Ω-Zv A-jv-d-^v ({Ku-≠v hm´¿ Un-]m¿-´v-sa‚ v), \mk¿.

]mÀ-h-Xnb-½ sh-≈n-am-SvI - p∂v: ]-tcX\m-b s]-cn-°t- ©-cn ti-Jc - ≥ \m-bc - p-sS `mcy Nn-d° - ¬ ]m¿h-Xn A-Ω (87).

_n-¿m-¯p Nm-∏-\-ßm-Sn: ]-tc-X\m-b h-S-°≥ a-Ωp-´n-bpsS `m-cy _n-øm-Øp(73). a-°ƒ: k-eow, iw-kp.-

A-º-e-∏p-g: kw-Ko-X ]-cn-]m-Sn A-h-X-cn-∏n-®v a-S-ßpI-bm-bn-cp-∂ kw-Lw k-©-cn-® Im-dn¬ Sq-dn-Ãv _ n-Sn-®v Im¿ bm-{Xn-I≥ a-cn-®p. c-≠pt]¿-°p ]-cnt°--‰p. sIm-®n tIm¿-]-td-j≥ 19mw Un-hn-j-\n¬ sFiz-cym sse-\n¬ In-S-tß-g-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b {io-[-cta-t\m-s‚ a-I≥ cm-[m-Ir-j≥ (47) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C∂-se ]p-e¿-s® tZ-io-b ]m-X-bn¬ H-‰-∏-\-bv-°v kao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. l¿-tam-Wn-Ãpw h-b-en-\nÃp-am-b cm-[m-Ir-jv-W-\pw- kw-L-hpw Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]pcw tIm-h-f-sØ kz-Im-cy tlm-´-en¬ Hm¿-°-kv-{S Ah-X-cn-∏n-®v F-d-Wm-Ip-f-tØ-°v a-S-ß-th-bm-Wv A-]I-Sw. F-Xn-tc h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Sq-dn-Ãv _-kv a-s‰m-cp hm-l-\-sØ a-dn-I-S-°-th kw-Lw k-©-cn-®n-cp-∂ C≥-Un-° Im-dn¬ C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. C-Sn-bp-sS B-Lm-X-Øn¬ ]q¿-W-am-bn X-I¿-∂ Im¿ sh-´n-s∏mfn-®m-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn¬ s]-´-h-sc ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. \m-´p-Im-cpw A-º-e-∏p-g t]m-en-kpw tN¿-∂m-Wv c£m-{]-h¿-Ø-\w \-S-Øn-b-Xv. ]-cn-t°-‰ F-d-Wm-Ipfw ]-\-ßq¿ A-º-e-∏-d-ºv ho-´n¬ \m-cm-b-W-s‚ aI≥ cm-tP-jv (42), tIm-X-aw-K-ew Ip-f-®-bn¬ ho-´n¬ P-b-cm-Pv F-∂n-h-sc h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. a-c-W-s∏-´ cm-[m-Irjv-W-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-Ãp tam¿-´-Øn-\p- ti-jw _-‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. Xp-S¿-∂v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬ kw-kv-I-cn-®p. am-Xm-hv: Ku-cn-b-Ω, `m-cy: c-Pn-XIp-am-cn. a-°ƒ: A-P-bv-Ir-jv-W≥, {io-Ip-´n.

ss_-¡v a-Xn-en-en-Sn-¨v ]-cn-t¡-äv Nn-InÂ-k-bn-en-cp-¶ bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

am-cm-cn-°p-fw: \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-´ ss_-°v a-Xn-en-en-Sn®v ]-cn-t°-‰v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. I-Wn-®p-Ip-f-ß-c A-´-°pgn-°m-´v sh-fn tKm-]m-eIr-jv-W≥ \m-b-cp-sS aI≥ kp-tc-jv (33) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. i-\n-bm-gv-N D-®-bv-°v IWn-®p-Ip-f-ß-c-bn¬ h®m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Kpcp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ kptc-jn-s\ tIm-´-bw sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ {]-th-in∏n-s®-¶n-epw i-\n-bm-gv-N cm-{Xn 11Hm-sS a-cn-®p.

kz-Im-cy- _-Ên-Sn-¨p ss_-¡v bm-{Xn-I³- a-cn-¨p

Xp-d-hq¿: ss_-°n-\v ]n-∂n¬- kz-Im-cy- _- n-Sn-®p ss_-°v bm-{Xn-I≥- a-cn-®p. F-gp-]p-∂- Nn-td-]-d-ºn¬]-tc-X-\m-b- cm-a-Ir-jv-W-s‚ a-I≥- _m-_p-(42) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. k-l-bm-{Xn-I-\m-b- ]q-h≥- N-{μ-\n-I¿Øn¬- jm-Pn (45)-sb Kp-cp-X-c- ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS- B-e∏p-g- h-≠m-\w- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬{]-th-in-∏n-®p. Xp-d-hq¿-˛-Ip-º-f- -ßn- -tdm-Un-¬- h-√-tØm-Sv F-.sI.Pn-. P-Mv-j-\n¬- C-∂-se- D-®-bv-°v 12 Hm-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂pA-]-I-Sw. F-d-Wm-Ip-f-Øv \n-∂p- tN¿-Ø-e- `m-KtØ-°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p- _-kv ss_-°n-s\- adn-I-S-°m-\p-≈{i-aØn¬- ss_-°n-\v ]n-∂n¬- C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. \n-b-{¥-Ww- hn-´v -_-kv kao-]-sØ a-Xn-en-en-Sn-®mWv \n-∂-Xv. A-]-I-SØn¬ _-kv bm-{Xn-I-cmb- ]-tØm-fw- t]¿-°v \n m-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ _m-_p-hn-s\ \m-´p-Im¿- tN¿-∂v Xp-d-hq¿- K-h. B-ip]-{Xn-bn-te-°v sIm-≠p- t]m-sb-¶n-epw- h-gn-a-t[y- a-cn®p. Ip-Øn-b-tXm-Sv F-kv-.sF.- _n-Pq- hn \m-b-cp-sSt\-Xr-Xz-Øn-ep-≈- t]m-en-kv kw-L-sa-Øn- K-Xm-KXw \n-b-{¥n-®p. _m-_p-hn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw- tN¿-Ø-eXm-eq-°m-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬. c-iv-an-bm-Wv _m-_p-hn-s‚ `mcy. a-°ƒ:- D-Æn-am-b, hn-jv-Wp-.

ss_-¡pw Hm-t«m-bpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p

ap-°q-´p-X-d: ss_-°pw Hm-t´m-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v ss_°v Hm-Sn-®n-cp-∂ F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn a-cn-®p. sh-®p-®n-d sN-t¶m-´-bn¬ (A-bn-cq¿) ho-´n¬ sP¿-an (17) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. H-∏w ss_-°n¬ k-©-cn-® kplr-Øpw k-l-]mTn-bp-am-b sh-®p-®n-d h-f-hn-\m¬ ho-´n¬ A-Jn¬ _n-Pp (17) hn-s\ ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS tIm-´-b-sØ kz-Im-cy-Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n®p. C-∂-se D-®-°v 3.15 HmsS ap-°q-´p-X-d A-ko-kv B-ip-]-{Xn-]-Sn-°-em-bncp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. ]-cn-°pI-tfm-sS C-cp-h-tc-bpw B-Zyw A-ko-kn A-ip-]{Xn-bpw Xp-S¿-∂v hn-Z-Kv-[Nn-In¬-k-°m-bn tIm-´-btØ-°v sIm-≠p-h-cn-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. A-]-I-SØn¬ X-e-°v Kp-c-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ sP¿-an-°v a-kvXn-jv-Im-Lm-Xw kw-`-hn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v Bip-]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X-¿ A-dn-bn-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw kw-kv-I-cn-°pw.

a-e-bm-fn F-³Pn-\o-bÀ UÂ-ln-bn tjm-t¡-äp a-cn-¨p

^m. tXm-a-kv X-«-I-¯v

_n-μp

im-lp l-ao-Zv

tPm¬ Nm-t¡m

]-co-Xv-Ip-ªv

km-\p-tam³

¢o-ä-kv

kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: tIm-gn-t°m-Sv cq-]-Xbv-°p Io-gn-se kp¬-Øm≥ _tØ-cn ]q-a-e tlm-fnt{Im-kv tZ-hm-e-b hn-Imcn ^m. tXm-a-kv X-´-I-Øv (75). ar-X-tZ-lw ]q-a-e ]≈n-bn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿-i-\Øn-\p h-® ti-jw C-∂p tIm-gn-t°m-Sv ta-cn-°p-∂nse sd-Un-sa¿ tZ-hm-e-bØn-te-°p sIm-≠p t]mIpw. Xp-S¿-∂v kz-tZ-i-amb am-f ]-≈n-∏p-d-tØ-°p sIm-≠p-t]m-Ip∂ ar-X-tZlw ]-≈n-∏p-dw sk‚ v B‚-Wo-kv ]-≈n-bn¬ C∂v ssh-Io-´v 4.30\v kw-kvIcn-°pw. X-´-I-Øn¬ ]tc-X-cm-b h-do-Xv-˛t{X-ky Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-\m-Wv.

hm-g-h-‰: ]-´m-ºn-°p-∂v I-f-∏p-c-bv-°¬ t_-_nbp-sS `m-cy _n-μp (34). a-°ƒ: A-eo-\, hn-kv-ab. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cmhn-se 10\v sX-t\-cn ^mØn-a-am-Xm ]-≈n-bn¬.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: {]-ap-J dnb¬ F-kv-t‰-‰v F-P‚ v sIm-tbm-¶-c ]q-t®m¬ H.-Sn. lu-kn-se H Sn imlp¬ l-ao-Zv (51). h-S°p-ºm-Sv Jn-Zv-a-Øp¬ Ckv-emw P-am-A-Øv sk{I-´-dn-bm-bn tk-h-\-a-\pjvTn-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ]n J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: \q-dp-±o≥ (D-Ωp¬ ssIz≥), in-lm_p-±o≥ (_n-^mw hnZym¿-Yn, cm-Po-hvKm-‘n ^m¿-a-kn tIm-f-Pv, Xr°-cn-∏q¿), I-am¬ (F≥Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn, _mw-•q¿), \q-dp-∂n-k. acp-a-°ƒ: Sn sI ]n Ajv-d-^v (Zp-_-bv), F-kv \-^o-k-Øv.

tIm-X-aw-K-ew: Du-∂pI¬ X-Sn-°p-fw I-gp-XmsXm-≠n¬ (]p-en-bmw-Ipt∂¬) tPm¨ Nm-t°m (70). kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se10\vv X-e-t°m-Sv sk‚ v ta-co-kv bm-t°m_m-b ]-≈n-bn¬. `m-cy; ta-cn, A-Sn-am-en 12mw ssa¬ \n-c-h-Øp-I-≠-Øn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: an\n, _n-Pp, Pn-tbm. a-cp-aI≥: k-Pn.

Im-°-\m-Sv: Im-°-\m-Sv A-Øm-Wn-bn¬ Nn-t‰Øv C-f-h-°m-Sv aq-ebn¬ B-en a-I≥ ]-coXv-Ip-™v (83). J-_-d-S°w C-∂v 10\vv Ip-gn-°m´v aq-e Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬. a-°ƒ: C-{_m-lnw, \_o-k,(]-tc-Xm-b) ^mØn-a, P-ao-e , A-–p¬ A-ko-kv. `m-cy: lm-P-dm _o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _-jo¿, ap-lΩ-Zv, ap-l-Ω-Zm-en, k-^nb,P-ko-\.

]-d-hq¿: G-gn-°-c Ip-X¥-d-bn¬ ho-´n¬ km-\ptam≥ (km-\-∏≥-˛49 ). `m-cy: jo-_. a-°ƒ: A\p-tZ-hv, B-Im-iv.

B-ep-h: ap-\n-kn-∏¬ Xr°p-∂-Øv ]q-Δ-Øn-¶¬ Nm-t°m a-I≥ ¢o-‰-kv(56). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-Ign-™v 3\v B-ep-h sk-‚ v {^m≥-kn-kv tk-thy-gv-kv sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ta-cn. a-°ƒ: Pn-b,PnXn≥.

_m-e-Ir-jv-W³ \-¼ymÀ Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: sN-dp-hmt©-cn ]m-td-Ω¬ ]o-SnI-bn-se c-iv-an \n-hmkn¬ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ \-ºym¿ (82). `m-cy: Pm-\-In-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: B-\-μv, c-Rv-PnØvIp-am¿, c-iv-an, A-PnØv Ip-am¿.

Ir-jv-W³ Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: I-≠w-Ip∂n-se a-t\m-fn lukn¬ s\-eym-S≥ Ir-jvW≥ (80). `m-cy: ]m-©p. a-°ƒ: {io-[-c≥, ]-fln\n, k-l-tZ-h≥.

am[-hn tIm-´qfn: X-d-Ω¬ am-[hn (65). `¿-Ømhv: cmP≥.

tKm-hn-μ³ ta-t\m≥-]m-d: sN-dn-b I-≈n-bw-]m-d sI tKmhn-μ≥ (76). `m-cy: I-aem-£n, a-°ƒ: c-ho{μ≥ (_n.F-kv.F≥. F¬), P-\m¿-Z-\≥, Atim-I≥ (_n-h-td-P-kv tIm¿-]-td-j≥), k-ltZ-h≥, c-Lp-\m-Y≥, kp-Pm-X. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ir-jv-W≥ (_n.F-kv.F≥.F¬), X-¶-aWn, k-tcm-Pn-\n.

A-Ðp-Ã-¡p-«n- lm-Pn sIm-bn-em-≠n: ]-g-b-Ime ap-kvenw -eo-Kv t\-Xmhpw ap≥ ]-©m-b-Øv {]kn-U‚p-am-b Fw A-_-v Zp-√-°p-´n- lm-Pn (99). ASn-b-¥-cm-h-ÿm-Im-e-Øv A-d-Ãv sN-ø-s∏-´v 40 Zn-hkw P-bn¬-hm-k-a-\pjvTn-®n-´p-≠v.

Sm-¦À A]-I-Sw: c-hn-Zm-kn-sâ a-b-¡pa-cp-¶p-am-bn hn-ZymÀ-Yn-I-fpw ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kv-I-cn-¨p G-Pâpw ]n-Sn-bn tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: shÃv ln¬ Np¶-Øn\p kao]w ]m-N-I-hmX-I Sm-¶¿tem-dn KpUvkv Hmt´mbv°p apI-fn-te°p a-dn™v a-cn-® Hm-t´m ss{U-h¿ chn-Zm-kn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kvI-cn-®p. C-∂-se D-®-bv°v H-∂c-tbm-sS-bm-Wv t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´Øn-\p-ti-jw arX-tZlw _‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Ø-Xv. tijw Ip-≠p-]-d-ºv C-Sp-h-\new X-S-ßm-´p-h-b-en-se ho-´nse-Øn-® ar-X-tZ-lØn¬ kl-{]-h¿-Ø-I-cpw \m-´p-Im-cpw B-Zm-c-RvP-en-I-f¿-∏n-®p. i-\n-bm-gv-N D-®-bv°v ti-jw aq-∂-c-tbm-sSbmbn-cp∂p A]I-Sw. G-I A-Øm-Wn-bm-bn-cp∂ c-hn-Zm-kn-s‚ th¿-]m-Sv Ip-

Spw-_-sØ Xo¿Øpw A-\m-Yam°n. Im-c-∏-d-ºn-se D-∏p-I≠w Ip-Spw-_w A-©p-h¿-jw apºm-Wv X-S-ßm-´p-h-b¬ C-cp-h\n-e-Øv Xm-a-k-am-°n-b-Xv. KpUv-kv Hm-t´m Hm-Sn-®m-Wv `m-cybpw c-≠p a-°-fp-a-S-ßp-∂ IpSpw-_-sØ-bpw tcm-Kn-bm-b AΩ A-cn-bm-bn-sb-bpw c-hn-Zm-kv t]m-‰n-bn-cp-∂-Xv. aq-Ø-a-I≥ hn]n≥-Zm-kn-\p Zn-h-k-h-cp-am-\-ambn-´n-√. a-Iƒ Zn-hy-bm-I-s´ h-nZym¿-Yn-\n-bp-am-Wv. kz-¥-am-bn hoSv ]Wn-bm-\p≈ Hcp-°ßƒ XpS-ßn-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw ]Wn ]q¿Øn-bm-hpw-apsº kv]v\w _m°n-bm°n chn-Zmkns\ acWw X´n-sb-Sp-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.

B-ep-h: e-l-cn-a-cp-∂p-I-fp-ambn tIm-f-Pv hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-fpw GP‚pw ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. tIm-b-ºØq¿ {]-^-j-\¬ tIm-f-Pnse _n.sS-Iv Ah-km-\-h¿j hnZym¿-Yn-I-fm-b tPm-_n≥ emk¿, \n-Yn≥- h¿-Ko-kv, tPm¨ tPm-°-_v F-∂n-h-cpw a-b-°p-acp-∂v FØn®p-\¬Inb C-S-∏≈n kz-tZ-in _n-\p-hp-am-Wp ]nSn-bn-em-b-Xv. I-S-h-{¥-bn¬ F-Iv-ssk-kv F≥-t^m-gv-kv B‚ v B‚n \m¿-t°m-´n-Iv kv-s]-jy¬ kvv-IzmUv \-S-Øn-b ]-cn-tim-[-\-bn-emWv C-h¿ ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv . C-hcn¬ \n-∂v F¬.F-kv.Un lmjn-jv, ss\-t{Sm-sk-]mw Kp-fnI-Iƒ, I-©m-hv F-∂n-h-bpw ]n-

e-l-cn-a-cp-∂p-I-fp-am-bn ]n-Sn-bn-em-bh¿ Sn-Iq-Sn. C-Xn¬ tPm-_n≥ emkdns\ I-©m-hv ssI-h-iwh®-Xn-\v tIm-f-Pn¬ \n-∂p k-kvs]‚ v sN-bvXncp∂p. C-h¿ aq∂p h¿-jtØmf-ambn I-©mhpw F¬.F-kv.Un F-∂ e-lcn-IqSnb a-cp-∂pw D-]-tbm-Kn°p-∂-h-cm-sW-∂p t]m-en-kv ]d-™p. _m-w•q-¿, tKm-h- F∂nhn-S-ß-fn¬ \n∂mWv C-h tI-c-

f-Øn-se-Øn-®-sX-∂v t]m-enkv ]-d™p. sd-bv-Un¬ kv-s]jy¬ sk¬ kn.sF. sI sI A-\n¬Ip-am¿, A-kn. C-≥-kvs]-Œ¿ sI sI kp-{_-lvaWy≥, {]-n-h‚o-hv Hm-^n-k¿ P∫m¿, kn.C.H.am-cm-b ssj-Pp, Ir-jv-W-Ip-am¿, {]-Zo-]v-Ip-am¿ , jn-lm-_p-±o≥, a-Wn, kp-\o-jvIp-am¿ ]-s¶-Sp-Øp.

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: Kr-l-{]-th-i-Øn-\p-≈ H-cp-°-߃°n-S-bn¬ a-e-bm-fn F-≥Pn-\o-b¿ U¬-ln-bn¬ tjm]q-Wn-Øp-d:I-tÆm-°- t°-‰p a-cn-®p. Io-gn-√w tNS e-£v-an hn-lm-dn¬ th- ∂-\-Øv in-h-cm-a am-cm-cpsS a-I≥ cm-tP-jv F-kv amWp-tKm-]m-e-tat\m≥(79). F-Iv-kv B¿- cm¿ (39) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Can kp-t_-Zm¿.kw-kv-Im- ∂-se cm-hn-se 11\v t\mbn-U-bn-se kz-¥w ^v-fmcw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 10\v ‰n-em-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Xr-∏q-Wn-Øp-d s]m-Xphym-gm-gv-N Kr-l-{]-th-iw iv-a-im-\-Øn¬. `m-cy: \n-›-bn-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-bnA-Ωn-Wn-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: cp-∂p. ^v-fm-‰n-se C-e-IvKn-co-jv Ip-am¿, j¿-an-f, {Sn-°¬ tPm-en-I-fn¬ kc-iv-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n-Xy, lm-bn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn-¬ tjmt°‰ cmtP-jns\ Atam-l≥-Ip-am¿, {]-Zo-]v Sp-Øp-≈ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®{]-`m-I¿. ¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn™v c-≠n-\v Io-gn-√-sØ ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. _o-]m-¯p-½ sI.-kn._n C‚¿-\m-j-\¬ F-∂ ÿm-]-\-Øn¬ A^-tdm-°v: ]p-s‰-°m-Sv ]- kn- v am-t\-P-cm-bn-cp-∂p. F-´p h¿-j-am-bn U¬ln-bn¬ tPm-en sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ cm-tP-jv c-≠p-amtc-X-\m-b sI ]n Akw ap-ºm-Wv Cu ÿm-]-\-Øn¬ {]-th-in-®-Xv.A-]Ø≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy I-Sw \-S-°p-tºmƒ `m-cy tcm-ln-Wn-bpw a-Iƒ \n-th_o-]m-Øp-Ω (95). Zn-X-bpw H-∏-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

th-Wp-tKm-]m-e-ta-t\m³

H-gp-¡nÂ-s¸-«v ]n©p-Ip-ªns\ 82 Im-c³ {]-Ir-Xnhn-cp-² ]o-U-\-¯n-\n-c-bm-¡n Im-Wm-Xm-bn tIm-´-bw: aq-∂pam-kw {]m-b-amb B¨-Ip-™n-s\ 82Im-c≥ {]-Ir-Xnhn-cp-≤ ssewKnI ]oU-\-Øn-\n-c-bm-°n. A-h-i-\mb Ip-™v sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv Ip-´n-I-fp-sS B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In-¬-k-bn-em-Wv. Nm-e-®n-d I-≠-Øn¬ ho-´n¬ Nm®n(82)bm-Wv ]o-Un-∏n-®-sX∂m-Wv ]-cm-Xn. C-bmƒ H-fn-hnem-Wv. C-∂-se D-®bv-°v c-t≠m-sSbm-Wv kw-`-hw. tIm-´-ap-dn sNº≥-]p-dw tIm-f-\n-bn-se Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS Ip-´n-bm-Wv ]o-U-\Øn-\n-c-bm-b-Xv. C-h-cp-sS A-Sp-Ø _-‘phm-b Nm-®n-bp-sS Ip-dn-®n Nm-e®n-d-bn-se I-≠-Øn¬ ho-

´n¬h-®m-Wv kw`hw. aq-∂pZnh-k-߃-°v ap-ºm-Wv Z-º-XnIƒ Ip-´n-bp-am-bn Nm-®n-bp-sS ho-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. C-∂-se cmhn-se Ip-´n-bp-sS ]n-Xm-hv ]Wn-°p-t]m-bn-cp-∂p. c-≠v aWn-tbm-sS A-Ω ao≥ sh-´ns°m-≠n-cp-∂ k-a-b-Øv I-´nen¬ In-S-Ønb Ip-™n-s\ Nm®n ]o-Un-∏n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. I-c-®n¬ tI-´v A-Ω-sb-Øn-bt∏m-gmWv kw`hw I≠-Xv. _lfw tI´v A-b¬-°m¿ HmSn-sb-Øn-sb-¶nepw Nm-®n c£-s∏´n-cp-∂p. Ip´nsb D-S≥ B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. kw-`-hØn¬ Nn-ß-h-\w t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: ]-º-bm-‰n¬ B-d∑p-f I-S-hn¬ Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßnb c≠v bphm-°-fn¬ Hcmsf Im-Wm-Xm-bn. tIm-g-t©-cnbn¬ hm-S-I-bv-°v Xm-a-kn-°p∂ ssS¬-kv ]-Wn-bn-te¿-s∏-´ncp-∂ t^m¿-´v sIm-®n kz-tZ-in kp-ta-jn-s\-bm-Wv Im-Wm-Xmb-Xv. H-∏-ap-≠m-b sPkn(20)s\- \m´p-Im¿ c£-s∏SpØn tIm-g-t©-cn-bn-se Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v B-tdmsS- B-d-∑p-f k-{X-°-S-hn-\v kao-]-am-Wv kw-`-hw. ]-Ø-\w-Xn´-bn¬ \n-∂v ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv FØn-sb-¶n-epw cm-{Xnbmb-Xn\m¬ Iq-Sp-X¬ Xn-c-®n¬ \-SØm\mbn-√. C-∂v Xn-c-®n¬ XpS-cpw.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

31 am¿®v 2014 Xn¶ƒ

_Ên-Sn-¨v ssk-¡nÄ bm-{X-nI³ a-cn-¨p

jm-Pn t]m-¡À

A-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n

]m-¯p-«n

a-½o-cyw l-Öp-½ -

B-en

Ip-ªn-¸m-¯p

]m-¯p-«n-

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: ]-¥o-cm¶m-hv tPym-Xn _-kv-tÃm∏n-\v k-ao-]w an-Yn-em a≥-kn¬ t]m-°-dn-s‚ aI≥ jm-Pn t]m-°¿ t_mw-s_ (51). am-Xm-hv: I-Zo-i-°p-´n ]p-fn-ßmt©-cn. `m-cy: kp-ss_-Z. a-Iƒ: jm-ln≥. k-tlmZ-c-߃: k-eow Xn-cp-hÆq¿, \-ko¿, C-Iv-_m¬, B-i (apwss_). a-ønØv \-a-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cmhn-se HºXn\v ]-¥o-cm¶m-hv ap-Pm-ln-Zv ]-≈n-bnepw 9.30\v tIm-´p-Ω¬ Ppa-p-A-Øv ]-≈n-bn-epw.

I-Sp-ßm-Øp-Ip-≠v: I≥a-\w A-√-q-cn-se ]-tc-X\m-b ]p-Xp-]-d-ºn¬ tIm-b-bp-sS a-I≥ A-lΩ-Zv-Ip-´n (Ip-™n-tam≥˛65). `m-cy: _n-øp-Ω. a°ƒ: Jm-Pm lp-ssk≥, \-Pv-ap-±o≥ (A-_q-Z-_n), dp-Jn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jm^n, j-co-^v, dw-e, kpss_-Z. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-en, _o-cm≥, A-–p- a-Zv, A-ssk≥, ssk-\_, Ip-™n-Ωp.

Nm-en-bw: bm-dw tÃm∏n-\p- k-ao-]w tIm-´-°≠n ]-tc-X-\m-b B-ent°m-b-bp-sS `m-cy tIma-Øv ]m-Øp-´n (55). a°ƒ: kp-ss_¿, lw-kt°m-b, Pm-^¿, C-kv-amCu¬, in-lm-_v, \-koa. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p-∂mk¿, d-lv-a-Øv, P-ko-e, dw-e, i-_v-\, d-jo-Z. ktlm-Z-c-߃: _o-hmØp-Ω, \-^o-k, B-bni-_o-hn, ]-tc-X-\m-b \q-dp-±o≥.

tam-ßw: sN-dp-]p-Øq¿ a-Æn-ß-®m-en a-Ωo-cyw l-÷p-Ω (90). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Sn sI B-en-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: aqk- lm-Pn, A-e-hn-°p-´n, sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n, lpkbv≥ _m-J-hn, ^m-Øn-a-°p-´n, J-Zo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xo≥Ip-´n- lm-Pn, ]n kn ap-lΩ-Zm-Pn, J-Zo-P, ^m-Øna-°p-´n, a-dn-bp-Ω, CØo-cp-Ω, km-_n-d. aøn-Øv \-a-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 8.30\v sNdp-]p-Øq¿ Pp-am-a-kv-PnZn¬.

h-≠q¿: \-Sp-h-Øv s]m´m-ep-ß-en¬ a-™-I≠≥ B-en (87). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: A–p¬- l-°ow, Ip-™n-apl-Ω-Zv (J-Ø¿),A–p¬- dkm-Jv (_-l-vdbv≥), A-∫m-kv (J-Ωokv), Iu-e-Øv, l-^v-kØv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-^o-k, kp-ss_-Z, D-Ωp-Ip¬-kp, k-eo-\, A-_p (A-_l), ]-tc-X-\m-b Assk-\m¿. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-e-hn, A-–p¬ A-ko-kv, Assk-\m¿, Ip-™m-bn-i.

h-fm-t©-cn: Im-hpw-]pdw h-´-∏m-d-bn-se h-enb]o-Sn-tb-°¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zns‚ `m-cy Ip-™n-∏m-Øp (82). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Z-en, _-jo¿, l-\o-^, sskX-e-hn (Zp-_-bv), B-bnip-Ωp, P-ao-e, j-co-^, k-^n-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \^o-k, ^m-Øn-a, kp-ld, j-co-^, ]-tc-X-\m-b sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n, lw-k, lw-k.

]q-∏-ew: h-e-ºq-¿ ]q-∏e-Øv ]-o-c-X-\m-b h-g-oßm-S≥ lw-k-bp-sS `mcy ]m-Øp-´n (62). a-°ƒ: ^m-Øn-a, ap-l-Ω-Zv F∂ hm-∏p, A-_v-Zp-∂m-k¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-k≥, Akv-e-an-ø, A-\o-k d-lv-aØv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ssl-Z-¿,l-ao-Zv , A-Uz. A-_v-Zp¬ K-^q-¿, AUz. k-°o-¿ lp-ssk≥, {]-^. B-_n-Z, kp-ss_Z, d-ln-b. J-_-d-S-°w C∂p cm-hn-se 10\v h-e-ºq¿ ]p-Xn-b Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_-¿-ÿm-\n¬.-

Xn-¯o-ap I¬-∏-I-t©-cn: hm-Wnb-∂q-cn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b I-cn-º-\-°¬ sam-bvXo≥-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy- XnØo-ap (78). a-°ƒ. lwk, A-_v-Zp¬- l-ao-Zv (A¬-sF≥), ]m-ØpΩp, B-bn-ip-Ωp, \-^ok, kp-sse-J, km-_n-d, ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´n. -a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bvXo≥, \o-en-bm-´v aq-k, ssl-{Zp- lm-Pn, ]-d-ºn¬ A-en, A-_v-Zp- -a-Zv.

F-d-ap- lm-Pn th-ß-c: Ip-‰m-fq¿ sXs°-]-d-ºn¬ F-d-ap- lmPn (70). `m-cy: D-Ωm-®p. a°ƒ: d-lva - Ø - v, _p-jvd - , Ip-™n-ap-lΩ - Z- v, ^-koe. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ap-kvX - ^ I-Sq-]p-dw, ap-Po-_v a-t©cn, ap-_m-dI - v sIm-t≠m-´n.

Ip-ªo-a Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: I-cp-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-°≥ tIm-S-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy Xq-º-Øv Ip-™o-a (90). a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv (Pn-±), ]m-Øp-Ωp. -a-cp-aIƒ: J-Zo-P.

\m-cm-b-W³ Hm-a-t»-cn: ]-cn-b-c-Øv \m-cm-b-W≥ (63). `m-cy: im-¥. a-°ƒ: km-_p, an-\n, _n-μp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sd-Pn, a-t\m-Pv, A-\n-X.

k-\n-j Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: Im-btem-s´ tIm-a-Øvs]mbn-en¬ Fw Ir-jv-Ws‚ a-Iƒ k-\n-j (32). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \n-joZv, l-\o-jv, Pn-Pn-j, Pn\o-jv.

_m-e-Ir-jv-W³ \-¼ymÀ Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: sN-dp-hmt©-cn ]m-td-Ω¬ ]o-SnI-bn-se c-iv-an \n-hmkn¬ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ \-ºym¿ (82). `m-cy: Pm-\-In-b-Ω. a°ƒ: B-\-μv, c-Rv-PnØvIp-am¿, c-iv-an, A-PnØv Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tc-jv_m-_p, jo-_, {io-e-X, c-iv-an.

l-ao-Zv X-e-t»-cn: tIm-tWm¿ hb¬ k-Io-\m a≥-knen¬ bp sI l-ao-Zv (72). `m-cy: Sn ]n k-Io-\. a°ƒ: l-ko-\, A-kv-ew, jw-ko¿, iw-j-Øv, t_\-ko¿, jm-\-hm-kv (X-et»-cn ap-\n-kn-∏¬ Iu¨-kn-e¿), dm-jn-Zv, apw-Xm-kv, ssk-_p-∂nk, \p-kv-d-Øv. a-cp-a°ƒ: kn D-a¿, B-Zw, ]n ]n A-jv-d-^v, sI -sI Aiv-d-^v, sI d-a-Zm≥, ]-tcX-\m-b A-iv-d-^v.

cm-L-h³ Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: X-¶-bsØ Iq-Øq¿ cm-Lh≥ (80). `m-cy: Sn im-¥Ip-am-cn (]-©m-b-Øv ap≥ Aw-Kw). a-°ƒ: {]im-¥v (tkm-^v-‰v-sh-b¿ F≥-Pn-\o-b¿, F-d-WmIp-fw), [-\y (_n.-B¿.Un.-kn. t_-°¬). a-cpa-I≥: cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥ (an-en-´-dn). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tKm-]me≥, \m-cm-b-Wn, ]-tcX-cm-b tIm-c≥, A-∏p, \m-cm-b-W≥, Ir-jvW≥, am-[-hn.

A-^v-kÀ X-e-t»-cn: Nn-c-°-c ]≈n-Øm-g A-ø-e-Øv kvIq-fn-\p k-ao-]w _-n-kv-an√-bn¬ ]m-Xm-dp-Ω¬ A^v-k¬ (46). ]-tc-X-\mb sI ]n A- p-hn-s‚bpw dm-_n-b-bp-sS-bpw aI-\m-Wv. `m-cy: j-ao-\. a°ƒ: s_≥-ko-d, \nlm¬, \n-Zm¬. k-tlm-Zc-߃: kn-bm-Zv, Pm_n¿, ko-\-Øv, X-_o-P, j-ao-d, ]-tc-X-\m-b XmPp-±o≥.

^m. tXm-a-kv X-«-I-¯v

kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: tIm-gn-t°m-Sv cq-]-Xbv°p Io-gn-se kp¬Øm≥ _-tØ-cn ]q-a-e tlm-fn-t{Im-kv tZ-hm-eb hn-Im-cn ^m. tXm-a-kv X-´-I-Øv (75). C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® aq-∂n-\v tIm-gnt°m-s´ kz-Im-cy B-ip]-{Xn-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p A¥yw. ar-X-tZ-lw ]q-a-e ]-≈n-bn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿-i\-Øn-\p h-® ti-jw C∂p tIm-gn-t°m-Sv ta-cn°p-∂n-se sd-Un-sa¿ tZhm-e-b-Øn-te-°p sIm≠p t]m-Ipw. C-hn-sS-h-®v tIm-gn-t°m-Sv cq-]-Xm _nj-]v d-h. tUm. h¿-Ko-kv N-°m-e-bv-°¬ Ip¿-_m\ A¿-∏n-°pw. Xp-S¿-∂v kz-tZ-i-am-b am-f ]-≈n∏p-d-tØ-°p sIm-≠pt]m-Ip∂ ar-X-tZ-lw ]≈n-∏p-dw sk‚ v B‚Wo-kv ]-≈n-bn¬ C-∂v ssh-Io-´v 4.30\v kw-kvIcn-°pw. X-´-I-Øn¬ ]tc-X-cm-b h-do-Xv-˛t{X-ky Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-\m-Wv.

h-S-I-c: P-\-X kn Fw _-kvkv-t‰m-∏n-\p k-ao-]-w _- n-Sn-®v ssk-°nƒ bm-{X-nI≥ a-cn-®p. H-©n-bw I-Æq-I-c aT-Øn¬ Ip-∂p-Ω¬ `m-kv-I-c≥ (61) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. C∂-se ssh-Io-´m-Wv A]-ISw. Imk¿-tKm-Uv˛tIm-gn-t°m-Sv dq-´n-tem-Sp-∂ en\n-b _-km-Wv C-Sn-®-Xv. `m-cy: k-Xn. a-°ƒ: dn-Pp, dn-t\jv, c-ao-jv. a-cp-a-Iƒ: do\.

h-Ån-¡p-¶v kz-tZ-in s\-¿m-än³-I-c-bn a-cn-¨p

h-≈n-°p-∂v: h-≈n-°p∂v kz-tZ-in s\-øm-‰n≥-Ic-bn-se tPm-enÿ-e-Øv a-cn-®p. h-≈n-°p-∂v kn._n l-b¿ sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iq-fn-\p ]-Sn-™m-dv ]md-°-]-d-ºn¬ tIm-b-°p-´nbp-sS a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv dm^n (23) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. \n¿- a m- W sØm- g n- e mfn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. H-cp-am-kw ap-ºv ho-´n¬-\n-∂p Xn-cp-h\-¥-]p-c-sØ tPm-en-ÿ-e-tØ°p t]m-b-Xm-bn-cp∂p. am-Xm-hv: B-an-\-. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: dm-_n-b, dkn-b.

ss_-¡]-I-S-¯n bphmhv a-cn-¨p sh-´-Øq¿: ss_-°p-Iƒ Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn®p. sh-´-Øq¿ am-cm-Øv _o-cm≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS a-I≥ ss^-k¬ (28) B-Wv a-cn®-Xv. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sN-dphm-Sn tX-\m-]-d-ºn-em-bncp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. am-Xm-hv: B-an-\. `m-cy: d-jo-Z. c≠p -Ip-´n-I-fp-≠v. k-tlmZ-c-߃: in-lm-_p-±o≥, jm-ln-Z, \-Zo-d.

Hm-t«m-dn£bn-Sn-¨v ho«½- a-cn-¨p

Ip-ª-½

D-t½-¯n

ap-l-½-Zv

Ip-ªm-bn³

ssk-\-_ -

sN-t¡m-«n

sam-bv-Xo³-Ip-«n

a-dn-bp-½

]q-t°m-´pw-]m-Sw: X-cn-inse ]-tc-X\ - m-b ]q-em-S≥ sN-≈n-bp-sS `m-cy Ip-™Ω (75). a-°ƒ: Ip-™p´≥, kp-\n¬Ip-am¿ (Akn. F-Ivs - sk-kv C≥-kvs]-IvS- ¿ a-e∏ - p-dw), am-fp°p-´n, k-tcm-Pn-\n, ]-tc-X\m-b I-cn-°. a-cp-a° - ƒ: Ip-™Ω - , D-j, ]-tc-Xb - mb A-Ω® - n. kw-kvI - m-cw C∂p cm-hn-se F-´n-\v X-cn-iv iva - i - m-\Ø - n¬.

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: am-\n-]p-cw ]p-Δ≥-]m-d-bn¬ A-b-Ω-ZvIp-´n-bp-sS `m-cy D-tΩ-Øn (67). a-°ƒ: \m-k¿, A_q-_-°¿, j-co-^v (C-cph-cpw -ku-Zn), kp-ss_-Z, dw-e, ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-l-ΩZv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-l-d, km_n-d, d-ko-\, \n-ssj-_, d-km-Jv, A-–p-√. a-øn-Øv \-a-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-h-nse 9.30\v I-Wn-bm¿-I≠w Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

]q-t°m-´q¿: Ip-∂-Øv apl-Ω-Zv (85). a-°ƒ: ]-tcX-\m-b A-–p¬ A-kokv, ap-kv-X-^ (Pn-±), apl-Ω-Z-en (a-°), \-Pv-ap±o≥ k-Jm-^n, B-ky, adn-bp-Ω, B-_n-Z. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv, IΩp, D-Ω¿ (Pn-±), k-^nb, P-ko-\, \-ko-d. J-_d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se Hº-Xn-\v ap-≠n-sXm-Sn-I Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

\-√f - w _-km¿: \-√f - w sX-t°-]m-SØ - v ]p-Ø≥ho-´n¬ Ip-™m-bn≥ (74). `m-cy: \-_o-k. a°ƒ: A-–p¬ e-Øo-^v, A-–p¬ k-emw, ap-lΩ - Zv C-Jv_ - m¬, i-co-^, \Pva - . a-cp-a° - ƒ: \m-k¿ (s]-cp-ap-Jw), ]-tc-X\ - mb Ip-™m-bn≥. a-øn-Øv \-ak - vI - m-cw C-∂p cm-hnse 8.30\v \-√f - w _-km¿ kp-∂n ]-≈n-bn¬.

]p-Ø-\-Øm-Wn: Np-¶Øv X-øn¬ ssk-Xm-enbp-sS `m-cy ssk-\-_ (60). a-°ƒ: A-–p¬-dkm-Jv F-∂ _m-∏p-´n (dn-bm-Zv), A-–p¬- Icow F-∂ Ip-t™m≥ (ku-Zn), l-\o-^ F-∂ Ip-™n-∏, P-ao-e, dm-_nb. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip-™-ehn (dn-bm-Zv), A-iv-d-^v, B-ky, J-a-dp-∂o-k, km-\n-_. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se H-º-Xn\v sN-eq¿ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

]-tøm-fn: X-®≥-Ip-∂v sN-´ymw-ho-´n¬ sN-t°m´n (70). Io-gq¿ {io a-lmin-h-t£-{X ]-cn-]m-e-\ k-an-Xn-bw-K-hpw, F-kv.F≥. Un.]n. tbm-Kw im-Jm Aw-K-hpam-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: im-¥. a-°ƒ: jo-_, jn-Pn-e,ssj-\p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tc-jv_m_p (Io-gq¿), _n-Pp (h-SI-c). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se G-gn-\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.

tN-∂-c: Im-™n-t°mØv sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n (sNdn-b-Xv˛80). `m-cy: Ip™o-a. a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, kp-sse-J, ^m-Øn-a, k¬-a, B-an-\, ssa-aq-\, _p-jv-d, lw-kp-´n, ap-lΩ-Zv A-iv-d-^v. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b lw-klm-Pn, kp-sse-am≥, ssk-\p-±o≥, bm-lp, Aen, A-iv-d-^v, kn-±o-Jv, jm-ln-Z, Pp-ss_-cn-b.

am-hq¿: Ip-‰n-°p-fw aTØn¬ sXm-Sn-I-bn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]n kn ho-cm≥Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy a-dn-bpΩ (87). a-°ƒ: ^m-Øna, Fw Sn ap-l-Ω-Zv, eØo-^v Ip-‰n-Ipfw, ]-tcX-bm-b B-an-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: \-^o-k (sI.kn.Fw.F.bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ Im-®n-em-Sv), km_n-d Hm-am-\q¿, ]-tc-X\m-b sI Sn ap-l-Ω-Zv.

im-lp l-ao-Zv

A-¸p \m-bÀ

ap-l-½-Zv ]p-en-°p-∂v: Im-k¿-tImUv am¿-°‰ - v tdm-Un¬ A-c\q-‰m-≠p Im-et- Øm-fw hym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂ ]p-en°p-∂v s^-dn I-Sh - v tdm-Unse sI F ap-lΩ - Z- v (84). ap-kvenw eo-Kv hm¿-Uv {]kn-U‚ v, ]p-en-°p-∂v aplnbp-±o≥ Pp-am-ak - vP - n-Zv {]-kn-U‚ v F-∂o ÿm\߃ hln®p. `m-cy: \-^ok. a-°ƒ: d-km-Jv, e-Øo^v, sam-bvX - o≥ Ip-™n, A-ko-kv, lm-jnw, Xm-cnkv, km-Zn-Jv, a-lvj - q-Jv, _o-^m-Øn-a, ssa-aq-\, B-bn-j, J-Zo-P, km-Pn-Z, jm-ln-\.

I-Zo-i -l-Öp-½ hm-Wn-ta¬: hm-Wn-ta¬ kn kn ap-°n-se ]-tc-X\m-b B-e-Ømw-I-≠n aΩp -lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy I-Zoi -l-÷p-Ω (84). a-°ƒ: A-–p-√, A-{¥p, A-Ω-Zv, kq-∏n (]n.F-®v.kn ]-d-∏p]m-d), sam-bv-Xp(h-S-I-ck-_vP-bn¬), am-an, a-dnbw, ]m-Øp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: s\-√ymw-]p-d-Øv A-–p-√ (hm-Wn-ta¬), ]q-hp-Øp]d-º-Øv ]v-{I≥ lm-Pn (Not°m-∂v), A-jv-d-^v Ip-Ωt¶m-Sv, \-^o-k s]m-bneq¿, P-ao-e C-cn-ß-Æq¿, \-^o-k sN-Iym-Sv, sse-e No-t°m-∂v, \-ko-a I-ctßm-Sv.

Ir-j-W v ³B-K-kv-Xn C-cn-´n: B-Zy-Im-e Ip-Sntb-‰ I¿-j-I-\pw tIm¨-{K-kv {]-h¿-Ø-I\p-am-b C-e-™n-°¬ B-K-kv-Xn (]m-∏-®≥˛74). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b G-en-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: Beo-kv (bp.sI), k-Pn, kÆn, kn-_n, ]-tc-X-cm-b C-am-\p-h¬, an-\n. a-cp-a°ƒ: am-Xyp A-{_-lmw (bp.sI.), eu-en, tkm^n. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 9.30\v s\-√n°mw-s]m-bn¬ sk‚ v sk-_m-kv-‰y≥ ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

a-´∂ - q¿-: ]-cn-bm-cs - Ø kn- sI Ir-jvW - ≥- (70)-. amXmhv: am-[h - n.- `m-cy-: iym-af - .- a-°ƒ-: Zo-],- cq-],hn-],- hn-]n≥ (Kƒ-^v).- - acp-a° - ƒ-: tUm.- kp-\n¬em¬ (tIm-gn-t°m-Sv),- kpPn-Øv- (A-go-t°m-Sv),- DØ-a≥- (I-Æm-Sn-∏d - º - v),A-cp-Wn-a (A-go-t°m-Sv).k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ-: cm-P≥,\m-cm-bW - n,- Im¿-Xym-b\n,- Pm-\I - n (F-√m-hc - pwIo-g∏ - ≈ - n) ,- t{]-a (thßm-Sv)- ,- - ]-tc-Xc - m-b N{μ≥,- Ip-™n-cm-a≥,- tKmhn-μ≥.- kw-kvI - m-cw- C-∂v 1 aWn°v ]-øm-ºe - Ø - v.-

tKm-hn-μ³ ta-t\m≥-]m-d: sN-dn-b I-≈n-bw-]m-d sI tKmhn-μ≥ (76). `m-cy: I-aem-£n, a-°ƒ: c-ho{μ≥ (_n.F-kv.F≥. F¬), P-\m¿-Z-\≥, Atim-I≥ (_n-h-td-P-kv tIm¿-]-td-j≥), k-ltZ-h≥, c-Lp-\m-Y≥, kp-Pm-X. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ir-jv-W≥ (_n.F-kv.F≥.F¬), X-¶-aWn, k-tcm-Pn-\n.

B-kn-bm-_n l-Öp-½ X-e-t»-cn: Sn.kn. ap-°nse B-jym-\-bn¬ (k_m-lv) ]-tc-X-\m-b apl-Ω-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `mcy Xo-°q-°¬ B-knbm-_n l-÷p-Ω (76). a°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^, ^ukn-bm _o-Kw, km-_n-d, i-co-^, kp-c-ø, ]-tc-X\m-b k-eow. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-km-°p-´n, kn-±o-Jv, l\o-^, ko-\-Øv, ]-tc-X\m-b lp-k-bv≥. ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-en, kzm-en-lv, Ip-™m™p, dm-_n-b.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: {]-ap-J dnb¬ F-kv-t‰-‰v F-P‚ v sIm-tbm-¶-c ]q-t®m¬ H.-Sn. lu-kn-se H Sn imlp¬ l-ao-Zv (51). h-S-°pºm-Sv Jn-Zv-a-Øp¬ C-kvemw P-am-A-Øv sk-{I-´dn-bm-bn tk-h-\-a-\p-jvTn®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ]n J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: \q-dp-±o≥ (D-Ωp¬ ssIz≥), in-lm-_p-±o≥ (_n-^mw hn-Zym¿-Yn, cmPo-hvKm-‘n ^m¿-a-kn tIm-f-Pv, Xr-°-cn-∏q¿), Iam¬ (F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn, _mw-•q¿), \qdp-∂n-k. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Sn sI ]n A-jv-d-^v, F-kv \-^o-k-Øv.

\o-te-iz-cw: h-S-t»-cn F¬.-]n kv-Iqƒ dn-´. {][m-\m-[ym-]-I≥ \o-teiz-cw tIm¨-h-‚ v P-Mv£-\v k-ao-]w ]n.-]n. en¶v tdm-Un-se sX-\-Ip∂-Øv Ip-∂n-bq¿ A-∏p \m-b¿ (76). `m-cy:sI _m-em-a-Wn A-Ω (In-g-°≥-sIm-gph¬). a-°ƒ: Zo-], hnZy. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-Pn-Øv, D-Æn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \m-cm-b-W≥, Pm-\-In, tKm-hn-μ≥, Ip-™n-cma≥, cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥, X¶-Ω.

A-co-t°m-Sv: aIs‚ hnhmlw £Wn-°m≥ t]mhpI-bm-bn-cp∂ ho´Ω Hmt´m-dn-£-bn-Sn®p acn-®p. ktlm-Z-cn°v ]cn-t°-‰p. a-t©-cn tdm-Un¬ In-fn°-√n-ß-en-\v k-ao-]w ku-Øv-]p-Ø-ew ]-tc-X-\mb B-en-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy ]-d-ºm-´v J-Zo-P(62)bmWv acn-®Xv. k-tlm-Z-cn B-bn-i°p-´n-sb (57) ]-cn-°-pI-tfm-sS tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. a-I-s‚ hn-hm-lw £-Wn°m-\m-bn ho-´n¬ \n-∂p k-tlm-Z-cn-tbm-sSm-Øv C-dßp-tºm-gm-bncp∂p A-]-I-Sw. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v Btdm-sS a-t©-cn tdm-Un¬ ku-Øv ]p-Ø-e-Øm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. a-t©-cn `m-KØp-\n-∂p h-∂ Hm-t´m-dn-£ \n-b-{¥-Ww-hn-´v C-cp-hsc-bpw C-Sn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]-cn-t°-‰ C-cp-h-scbpw a-t©-cn sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c£n-°m-\m-bn√. hn-Z-Kv-[ Nn-In-¬-k-bv°m-bn Bbn-i-°p-´n-sb tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-te°p am-‰p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp-¬ d-jo-Zv (ss{U-h¿, sI-.F-kv-.C-._n, a-t©-cn), A-_v-Zp¬ eØo-^v, _-jo¿.-

k-tlm-Z-c-§Ä HtcZnhkw acn¨p

tNm-bn-°p-´n

I-eym-Wn

\-cn-°p-\n: ktlm-Z-c-߃ aWn-°q-dp-Iƒ hyXymk-Øn¬ acn-®p. aq-¿-J≥-Ip-≠v I-cp-h≥-s]m-bn¬ tNm-bn-°p-´n (68), ktlm-Zcn I-eym-Wn(60) F∂nh-cmWv acn-®-Xv. tNm-bn-°p-´nbpsS `m-cy: {io-a-Xn. a°ƒ: Kn-co-jv, Kn-cn-P, `n-j, Pn-j. I-eym-WnbpsS `¿Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-≠-®m-en¬ D-Æn. k-©-b-\w _p-[\mgvN.

A-_q-Z-_n-bn A]-I-S¯n a-cn-¨p A-_q-_-¡À Ip-cn-¡Ä

am-[-h- ]-Wn-¡À -

D-®n-t¸-cn

tNm-bn-¨n-

th-Wp-tKm-]m-e³- \m-bÀ

Ip-ªn-sam-bv-Xo³ -

cm-bn³

l-k-bv\mÀ

Xp-Δ° - m-Sv: hm-cW - m-°c X-øn¬ In-gt- °-Xn¬ A_q-_° - ¿ Ip-cn-°ƒ (83). a-°ƒ: ap-lΩ - Z- vI - p-´n, lk≥, lp-kbv≥, b-qk - p-^v, A-–p-¿d-lva - m≥ (bp.-F.C), J-Zo-P, B-bn-i, jmPn-Z, ap-\o-d. a-cp-a° - ƒ: Ak-bv\m¿, ssk-\p-±o≥, A-–p¬ I-cow, ss^k¬, B-an-\, B-ky, ssaaq-\, B-kym-ap, kp-ld - .

Xr-∏\ - ® - n: ]m-e° - m-Sv a°m-´] - d - º - n¬ h-en-bm-´v am-[h - ] - W - n-°¿ (68). FIvk - v an-en-´d - n-bm-bn-cp-∂p. s^-Ud - ¬ _m-¶v a-t©-cn {_m-©n¬ sk-Iyq-cn-‰n Poh-\° - m-c\ - m-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: im-¥. a-°ƒ: A-\n¬Ip-am¿, A-cp¨-Ip-am¿, B-i. a-cp-a° - ƒ: `m-kv° - c≥, hn-Zy. kw-kvI - m-cw C∂p 10\v ho-´p-hf - ∏ - n¬.

Xm-a-c-t»-cn-: ]-c-∏≥s]m-bn-¬- sIm-´m-cØn¬- ]-tc-X-\m-b ]m®p-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy- D-Ænt∏-cn- (81)-. a-°ƒ: ]-Xvan\n,- eo-e,- {io-a-Xn,- \n¿-ae,- tkm-a≥,- {]-ao-f,ss_-Pp.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-: A∏p-°p-´n,- B-≠n-°p-´n,cm-a≥-Ip-´n,- P-b≥,- hnt\m-Zv,- jo-\,- i-in-I-e.k-©-b-\w hym-gmgvN.

Hm-a-t»-cn-: sh-fn-a-Æ N°n-°m-hv- ]-tc-X-\m-b N¥p-hn-s‚ `m-cy- tNm-bn®n- (89)-. a-°ƒ-: A-∏p, IWm-c≥,- i-¶-c≥,- \m-cmb-Wn,- Pm-\-In,- _m-e≥, eo-e,- th-em-bp-[≥.- a-cpa-°ƒ-:- Iu-k-ey,- b-timZ,- Pm-\-In,- \m-cm-b-W≥,Ko-X,- cm-a≥-Ip-´n,- Aw_n-I,- ]-tc-X-\m-b them-bp-[≥.

tImgn-t°mSv: kn-hn¬tÃ-j≥ sN-º-I-t»-cn ]\m-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-´Ip-dp-∏n-s‚ a-I≥ a-≠-Sn th-Wp-tKm-]m-e≥ \m-b¿ (72). `m-cy: \n¿a-e-Ip-am-cn, a-°ƒ: \-ho≥ (H-am≥), \nXy, \o-\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-a-N-{μ≥\m-b¿, P-\m-¿-Z\≥- \mb¿, C-μn-c, kp-tc-{μ≥, ]tc-X-\m-b hm-kp-tZ-h≥.

Ip-dp-h: ao≥-Ip-gn In-gt°-X-e- ta-te-I-fw ap-lΩ-Zns‚- a-I≥ Ip-™nsam-bv-Xo≥ F-∂ Ip-™n∏ (63). am-Xm-hv: J-Zo-P. `m-cy: tNm-e-t»-cn ssk-\_. a-°ƒ: k¬-^-Øv, in-lm-_p-±o≥ (ku-Zn), Xm-Pp-±o≥, jm-ln-\, iwkp-±o≥, km-Zn-Jv. J-_-d-S°w C-∂v 9\v ao-\m¿-Ip-gn a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿ-m\n¬.

]m-ßv: hm-tg-ß-en¬ ]pØ≥-]o-Sn-b≥ cm-bn≥ (55). kn.]n.Fw {_m-©v Aw-K-am-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: _o-hn. a-°ƒ: e-Øo-^v, C≥-^m-\ sj-dn≥. a-cp-aIƒ: l-\o-^. J-_-d-S°w C-∂p cm-hn-se H-ºXn-\v hm-tg-߬ \q-dm\n-b Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

cm-a-]p-cw: I-Sp-ß-]p-cw kv-Iqƒ-]-Sn-bn-se ]-db≥-Ip-gn Ip-™p-´n (lk-bv\m¿-˛65). `m-cy: ]m-Øp-Ω-°p-´n. a°ƒ: l-^v-k-Øv, d-lm\-Øv, \-Po-_, kp-a-ø, ap-l-Ω-Z-en. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-øq-_v, k-emw ss^kn, ap-kv-X-^, ap\o¿,^m-bn-k.

B-bn-i

km-hn-{Xn

A-½-Zv-Ip-«n

JZo-P

tXm-a-kv

k-do-\

Ir-jv-W³

B-bn-i l-Öp-½

Xm-a-c-t»-cn: F-tf-‰n¬ ht´m-fn- X-tdm¬ h-≈ym-´pΩ¬ B-bn-i (70). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Z-en, iw-kp-±o≥, ^mØn-a, P-ao-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ:- sI kn A-l-Ω-Zv, sam-bv-Xo≥ Ip-´n ]p-Xp-∏m-Sn, k-°o-\, jm-ln-\.

tN-te-{º: C-Sn-aq-gn-°¬ sX-cp-hn¬ `-Kh - X - n-I≠ - n ]tc-X\ - m-b cm-as - ‚ `m-cy km-hn-{Xn (77). a-°ƒ: cmP≥, i-io-[c - ≥, im-¥. a-cpa-°ƒ: _m-e≥, jn-Pn, {]oXn. k-©b - \ - w hym-gmgvN.

\-cn-°p-\n: F-c-h-∂q¿ Nc-∏-d-º-Øv A-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (63). `m-cy: B-an-\. a-°ƒ: iw-kp-±o≥(ku-Zn), kpss_-Z (_o-hn). a-cp-a-Iƒ: dw-e (tIm-tdm-Øv s]mbn¬).

aq-gn°¬: I-∑-bn¬ F ]n sam-bv-Xo-s‚ `m-cy J-Zo-P (52). a°ƒ: _pj-d, k-ao^, _-jo¿ (tZ-im-`n-am-\n GP‚ v). a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv dm^n, ap-lΩ-Zv a≥-kq¿ (tZim-`n-am-\n ZΩmw), k-^o-d.

C-cn-°q¿: s]-cp-h-f-Øp]-d-ºv s]-t{Sm-ƒ-]-ºn-\v k-ao-]w sN-dn-bm-≠n lu-kn¬ Sn tXm-a-kv (52). `m-cy: kn tcm-lnWn. a-°ƒ: k-‘y, kRv-P-bv.

Xr-°c - n-∏q¿: D-Spw-_p-¥e _-≠v tdm-Un-se Fw C-Jv_m¬˛-^m-Øn-a Z-ºX - n-Ifp-sS a-Iƒ F≥ kn k-do\ (H-ºX - v). D-Spw-_p-¥e K-h. F¬.-]n.- kvI - qƒ 3mw X-cw hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-Wv.

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: I-≠w-Ip-∂nse a-t\m-fn lu-kn¬ s\eym-S≥ Ir-jv-W≥ (80). `mcy: ]m-©p. a-°ƒ: {io-[c≥, ]-fln-\n, k-l-tZ-h≥, {]-ko-X, ]p-jv-], c-P-\n, ssj-e, ]-tc-X-cm-b N{μ≥, kp-io-e.

Sm-¦À A]-I-Sw: c-hn-Zm-kn-sâ a-b-¡pa-cp-¶p-am-bn hn-ZymÀ-Yn-I-fpw ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kv-I-cn-¨p G-Pâpw ]n-Sn-bn tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: shÃv ln¬ Np¶-Øn\p kao]w ]m-N-I-hmX-I Sm-¶¿tem-dn KpUvkv Hmt´mbv°p apI-fn-te°p a-dn™v a-cn-® Hm-t´m ss{U-h¿ chn-Zm-kn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kvI-cn-®p. C-∂-se D-®-bv°v H-∂c-tbm-sS-bm-Wv t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´Øn-\p-ti-jw arX-tZlw _‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Ø-Xv. tijw Ip-≠p-]-d-ºv C-Sp-h-\new X-S-ßm-´p-h-b-en-se ho-´nse-Øn-® ar-X-tZ-lØn¬ kl-{]-h¿-Ø-I-cpw \m-´p-Im-cpw B-Zm-c-RvP-en-I-f¿-∏n-®p. i-\n-bm-gv-N D-®-bv°v ti-jw aq-∂-c-tbm-sSbmbn-cp∂p A]I-Sw. G-I A-Øm-Wn-bm-bn-cp∂ c-hn-Zm-kn-s‚ th¿-]m-Sv Ip-

Spw-_-sØ Xo¿Øpw A-\m-Yam°n. Im-c-∏-d-ºn-se D-∏p-I≠w Ip-Spw-_w A-©p-h¿-jw apºm-Wv X-S-ßm-´p-h-b¬ C-cp-h\n-e-Øv Xm-a-k-am-°n-b-Xv. KpUv-kv Hm-t´m Hm-Sn-®m-Wv `m-cybpw c-≠p a-°-fp-a-S-ßp-∂ IpSpw-_-sØ-bpw tcm-Kn-bm-b AΩ A-cn-bm-bn-sb-bpw c-hn-Zm-kv t]m-‰n-bn-cp-∂-Xv. aq-Ø-a-I≥ hn]n≥-Zm-kn-\p Zn-h-k-h-cp-am-\-ambn-´n-√. a-Iƒ Zn-hy-bm-I-s´ h-nZym¿-Yn-\n-bp-am-Wv. kz-¥-am-bn hoSv ]Wn-bm-\p≈ Hcp-°ßƒ XpS-ßn-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw ]Wn ]q¿Øn-bm-hpw-apsº kv]v\w _m°n-bm°n chn-Zmkns\ acWw X´n-sb-Sp-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.

B-ep-h: e-l-cn-a-cp-∂p-I-fp-ambn tIm-f-Pv hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-fpw GP‚pw ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. tIm-b-ºØq¿ {]-^-j-\¬ tIm-f-Pnse _n.sS-Iv Ah-km-\-h¿j hnZym¿-Yn-I-fm-b tPm-_n≥ emk¿, \n-Yn≥- h¿-Ko-kv, tPm¨ tPm-°-_v F-∂n-h-cpw a-b-°p-acp-∂v FØn®p-\¬Inb C-S-∏≈n kz-tZ-in _n-\p-hp-am-Wp ]nSn-bn-em-b-Xv. I-S-h-{¥-bn¬ F-Iv-ssk-kv F≥-t^m-gv-kv B‚ v B‚n \m¿-t°m-´n-Iv kv-s]-jy¬ kvvIzm-Uv \-S-Øn-b ]-cn-tim-[-\bn-em-Wv C-h¿ ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv. C-h-cn¬ \n-∂v F¬.F-kv.Un lm-jn-jv, ss\-t{Sm-sk-]mw Kpfn-I-Iƒ, I-©m-hv F-∂n-h-bpw

e-l-cn-a-cp-∂p-I-fp-am-bn ]n-Sn-bn-em-bh¿ ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn. C-Xn¬ tPm-_n≥ emkdns\ I-©m-hv ssI-h-iwh®-Xn-\v tIm-f-Pn¬ \n-∂p k-kvs]‚ v sN-bvXncp∂p. C-h¿ aq∂p h¿-jtØmf-ambn I-©mhpw F¬.F-kv.Un F-∂ e-lcn-IqSnb a-cp-∂pw D-]-tbm-Kn°p-∂-h-cm-sW-∂p t]m-en-kv ]d-™p. _m-w•q-¿, tKm-h- F∂nhn-S-ß-fn¬ \n∂mWv C-h tI-c-

f-Øn-se-Øn-®-sX-∂v t]m-enkv ]-d™p. sd-bv-Un¬ kv-s]jy¬ sk¬ kn.sF. sI sI A-\n¬Ip-am¿, A-kn. C-≥-kvs]-Œ¿ sI sI kp-{_-lvaWy≥, {]-n-h‚o-hv Hm-^n-k¿ P∫m¿, kn.C.H.am-cm-b ssj-Pp, Ir-jv-W-Ip-am¿, {]-Zo-]v-Ip-am¿ , jn-lm-_p-±o≥, a-Wn, kp-\o-jvIp-am¿ ]-s¶-Sp-Øp.

_-Zn-bS- p-°: am-SØ - S- p°-bn-se Fw Fw sam-bvXo≥Ip-™n-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-i l-÷p-Ω (47). a-°ƒ: kp-lvd - , k-do-\, A-kvl - d - p-±o≥, Zn¬-jmZv, dn-kvh - m≥.

_-¥-Sp-°: ]-Sp-∏v B-\-°-√v sIm-f-Øn-¶m¬ kz-tZin A-_q-Z-_n-bn¬ hm-l-\m-]-I-S-Øn¬ a-cn-®p. sIm-f-Øn-¶m-en-se A-–p¿-d-lvam-\m-Wv (44) a-cn-®Xv. A-_qZ-_n-bn-se jn-∏n-Mv I-º-\n-bn¬ Po-h-\°m-c-\m-b A-–p¿d-lvam≥ sh-≈n-bm-gv-N cm-{Xntdm-Uv ap-dn-®pI-S-°sh hm-l-\w X-´n-bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. t\-c-sØ \m-´n¬ Po-∏v ss{U-h-dm-bn-cp-∂p. ]nXm-hv: A-–p-√. am-Xm-hv: kp-sse-J. `m-cy: ssk-\_. a-°ƒ: ap-_o-\, ap-\o-d, ap-k-Ωn¬, ap≥-kn-^.

a-e-bm-fn F-³Pn-\o-bÀ UÂ-ln-bn tjm-t¡-äp a-cn-¨p

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: Kr-l-{]th-i-Øn-\p-≈ H-cp-°ßƒ-°n-S-bn¬ a-e-bm-fn F-≥Pn-\o-b¿ U¬-lnbn¬ tjm-t°-‰p a-cn-®p. Io-gn-√w tN-∂-\-Øv in-hcm-a am-cm-cp-sS a-I≥ cmtP-jv F-kv am-cm¿ (39) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11\v t\m-bn-U-bnse kz-¥w ^v-fm-‰n-em-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. hym-gm-gv-N Kr-l-{]-th-iw \n-›-bn-®n-cn-°p-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. ^v-fm-‰n-se C-e-Iv-{Sn-°¬ tPm-en-I-fn¬ k-lm-bn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn-¬ tjmt°‰ cmtP-jns\ A-Sp-Øp-≈ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏ns®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®I-gn-™v c-≠n-\v Io-gn-√-sØ ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. sI.-kn._n C‚¿-\m-j-\¬ F-∂ ÿm-]-\Øn¬ A-kn- v am-t\-P-cm-bn-cp-∂p. F-´p h¿-jam-bn U¬-ln-bn¬ tPm-en sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ cmtP-jv c-≠p-am-kw ap-ºm-Wv Cu ÿm-]-\-Øn¬ {]th-in-®-Xv.A-]-I-Sw \-S-°p-tºmƒ `m-cy tcm-ln-Wnbpw a-Iƒ \n-th-Zn-X-bpw H-∏-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

H-gp-¡nÂ-s¸-«v ]n©p-Ip-ªns\ 82 Im-c³ {]-Ir-Xnhn-cp-² ]o-U-\-¯n-\n-c-bm-¡n Im-Wm-Xm-bn tIm-´-bw: aq-∂pam-kw {]m-b-amb B¨-Ip-™n-s\ 82Im-c≥ {]-Ir-Xnhn-cp-≤ ssewKnI ]oU-\-Øn-\n-c-bm-°n. A-h-i-\mb Ip-™v sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv Ip-´n-I-fp-sS B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In-¬-k-bn-em-Wv. Nm-e-®n-d I-≠-Øn¬ ho-´n¬ Nm®n(82)bm-Wv ]o-Un-∏n-®-sX∂m-Wv ]-cm-Xn. C-bmƒ H-fn-hnem-Wv. C-∂-se D-®bv-°v c-t≠m-sSbm-Wv kw-`-hw. tIm-´-ap-dn sNº≥-]p-dw tIm-f-\n-bn-se Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS Ip-´n-bm-Wv ]o-U-\Øn-\n-c-bm-b-Xv. C-h-cp-sS A-Sp-Ø _-‘phm-b Nm-®n-bp-sS Ip-dn-®n Nm-e®n-d-bn-se I-≠-Øn¬ ho-

´n¬h-®m-Wv kw`hw. aq-∂pZnh-k-߃-°v ap-ºm-Wv Z-º-XnIƒ Ip-´n-bp-am-bn Nm-®n-bp-sS ho-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. C-∂-se cmhn-se Ip-´n-bp-sS ]n-Xm-hv ]Wn-°p-t]m-bn-cp-∂p. c-≠v aWn-tbm-sS A-Ω ao≥ sh-´ns°m-≠n-cp-∂ k-a-b-Øv I-´nen¬ In-S-Ønb Ip-™n-s\ Nm®n ]o-Un-∏n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. I-c-®n¬ tI-´v A-Ω-sb-Øn-bt∏m-gmWv kw`hw I≠-Xv. _lfw tI´v A-b¬-°m¿ HmSn-sb-Øn-sb-¶nepw Nm-®n c£-s∏´n-cp-∂p. Ip´nsb D-S≥ B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. kw-`-hØn¬ Nn-ß-h-\w t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: ]-º-bm-‰n¬ B-d∑p-f I-S-hn¬ Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßnb c≠v bphm-°-fn¬ Hcmsf Im-Wm-Xm-bn. tIm-g-t©-cnbn¬ hm-S-I-bv-°v Xm-a-kn-°p∂ ssS¬-kv ]-Wn-bn-te¿-s∏-´ncp-∂ t^m¿-´v sIm-®n kz-tZ-in kp-ta-jn-s\-bm-Wv Im-Wm-Xmb-Xv. H-∏-ap-≠m-b sPkn(20)s\- \m´p-Im¿ c£-s∏SpØn tIm-g-t©-cn-bn-se Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v B-tdmsS- B-d-∑p-f k-{X-°-S-hn-\v kao-]-am-Wv kw-`-hw. ]-Ø-\w-Xn´-bn¬ \n-∂v ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv FØn-sb-¶n-epw cm-{Xnbmb-Xn\m¬ Iq-Sp-X¬ Xn-c-®n¬ \-SØm\mbn-√. C-∂v Xn-c-®n¬ XpS-cpw.


8

thÀ-]mSv

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

cm-Pp

G-en-¡p-«n

`m-kv-I-c-]n-Å

cm-tP-{μ³

ap-l-½-Zv ap-kv-X-^

I-Z-fn-°m-Sv: t]-∏-Xn-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tP-°-_ns‚ `m-cy G-en-°p-´n(83). kw-kv-°m-cw sNm-Δm-gv-N cm-hn-se 10,30\v I-Z-fn°m-Sv hn-a-e-am-Xm ]-≈nbn¬ ]-tc-X hm-g-°p-fw h-e-Xn-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kam-Wv. a-°ƒ: t{K-kn, eo-em-Ω, F¬-k-Ω, tPm¿-Pv (jm-Pn), jm-_p. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: {^m≥-kn-kv Ip-∂-∏-≈n, tk-hy¿ Ico-Ø-d, sk-_m-Ãy≥ sh-´n-°¬, sa-do-\, sP≥-kn.

h¿-°-e: I-º-Sn-I-fn Bim-\pw s]m-Xp-a-cm-a-Øv h-Ip-∏n-se dn-´. Po-h-\°m-c-\p-am-b sN-dp-Ip∂w aT-Øn¬-ho-´n¬ B¿ `m-kv-I-c-]n-≈ (81). `m-cy: sI hn-P-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: {]-km-Zv, tim-`, te-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\n-em¬, k-\¬, _n-Pn-Ip-am-cn.

Nn-d-bn≥-Io-gv: a-©m-Snaq-Sv tIm-´-∏p-dw B¿.]n `-h-\n¬ cm-tP-{μ≥ (60). `m-cy: {]-k-∂. a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, cm-[nI. a-cp-a-I≥: jn-_p.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]m-bv®n-d a-c-ßm-hn-f ho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-X-^ (64). `m-cy: kp-ss_-Zm-_o-hn. a-°ƒ: \n-km-ap-±o≥, \u-jm-Zv, \-kow, \m-knb. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-em-lp±o≥, k-Pv-\, sj-an, jPn-\.

ap-l-½-Zv h-fm-t©-cn: Im-hpw-]pdw \-S-°m-hn¬ ap-l-ΩZv (Ip-™- lm-Pn˛78).

dp-Jn-b \n-d-a-cp-Xq¿: \n-d-a-cpXq¿ _o-cm≥-Ip-´n ap-kveym-cp-sS a-cp-a-Iƒ dp-Jnb (65). `¿-Øm-hv: sslZ¿- lm-Pn. a-°ƒ: jm^n, \-^o-k, B-kn-b, ^m-Øn-am -kp-lv-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-–p-¿d-lv-am≥, _-jo¿.

I-cp-Wm-I-c-¸-Wn-¡À B-\m-hq¿: Ip-f-t°m-Sv Ip-gn-tbm-S¬ ]p-Ø≥ho-´n¬ I-cp-Wm-I-c-∏Wn-°¿(76). a-°ƒ: km-hn-{Xn, iyma-f, k-Xn, a-Wn-IWvT≥-. a-cp-a-°ƒ: N-{μ≥, taml-\≥, Zn-t\-iv-Ip-am-¿, h-\-P. k-©-b-\w G-{]n¬ aq∂v cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v.

]m-tem-Sv: Ip-≠m-Sv Bcym `-h-\n¬ sI cm-Pp (40). `m-cy: B¿ _n-μp. aIƒ: B-cy.

im-´-Ip-am-cn

^-tdm-°v: ]-tc-X-\m-b ]q-tX-cn tKm-]m-e-s‚ `m-cy I-b-tem-´v im-¥Ip-am-cn (76). a-°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv-Ipk-do-\ am¿ (]q-tX-cn t{]m-]¿Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: D-Spw-_pt´¿-kv ss{]-h-‰v en-an-‰¥-e _-≠v tdm-Un-se Fw C-Jv-_m¬ (A-_q-Z- Uv), {]-im-¥v (Zp-_bv), _n)-˛-^m-Øn-a Z-º-Xn-I- _n-μp (tX-™n-∏-ew fp-sS a-Iƒ F≥ kn k- tIm-˛-Hm-]-td-‰o-hv _m¶v). do-\ (H-º-Xv). D-Spw-_p-¥-e K-h. F¬.- a-cp-a-°ƒ: \o-\, hn-Zy, ]n.- kv-Iqƒ aq-∂mw X-cw kp-\n¬-Ip-am¿. k-©b-\w hym-gm-gvN. hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-Wv.

Aw-_n-I Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ITn\w-Ip-fw th¬ `-h-\n¬ I-cp-Wm-I-c-s‚ `m-cy Aw-_n-I (52).

ap-l-½-Zv ]p-en-°p-∂v: Im-k¿tIm-Uv am¿-°-‰v tdmUn¬ A-c-\q-‰m-≠p Ime-tØm-fw hym-]m-cn-bmbn-cp-∂ ]p-en-°p-∂v s^-dn I-S-hv tdm-Un-se sI F ap-l-Ω-Zv (84). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: d-km-Jv, e-Øo^v, sam-bv-Xo≥ Ip-™n, A-ko-kv, lm-jnw, Xmcn-kv, km-Zn-Jv, a-lv-jqJv, _o-^m-Øn-a, ssa-aq\, B-bn-j, J-Zo-P.

31 am¿®v 2014 Xn¶ƒ

Sq-dn-Ìv _-Ên-Sn-¨v ImÀ bm-{Xn-I³ a-cn-¨p jm-Pn-\n

lm-Pn-dm-_o-hn

s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv: ]-\-hq¿ ap-Øn-°m-aq-e-bn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b A-_p-j-lpam≥ Ip-™n-s‚ `m-cy lm-Pn-dm-_o-hn (86). a°ƒ: A-–p¬ A-kokv, A-–p¬ d-jo-Zv, ku-Zm-_o-hn, B-_n-Zml-ao-Zv _o-hn, jn-lm-_p-±o≥ X-e-t»-cn: tIm-tWm¿ h-b¬ k-Io-\m a≥-kn- (dn-´. U-]yq-´n P-\-d-¬ en¬ bp sI l-ao-Zv (72). am-t\-P¿, Xn-cp-h-\-¥]p-cw Pn-√m k-l-I-c-W`m-cy: Sn ]n k-Io-\. a°ƒ: l-ko-\, A-kv-ew, _m-¶v, P-am-A-Øv jw-ko¿, iw-j-Øv, t_- Iu¨-kn¬ kw-ÿm-\ \-ko¿, jm-\-hm-kv (X- ssh-kv-{]-kn-U‚ v-), jd-^p-±o≥ (]-\-hq¿ ]e-t»-cn ap-\n-kn-∏¬ Iu¨-kn-e¿), dm-jn-Zv, ©m-b-Øv ssh-kv-{]-k-nU‚ v), jm-P-lm≥, Aapw-Xm-kv, ssk-_p-∂nbq-_v-Jm≥, am-Pn-Zm-_ok, \p-kv-d-Øv. hn, tkm-^n-bm-_o-hn, ]-tc-X-bm-b B-Øp-°m_o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv apkv-X-^, k-eow, A-ao≥ h-°w, A-–p¬-Jm-Z¿, P-ao-em-_o-hn, ^m-bnkm-_o-hn, P-_o-Zm-_oKw, \-ko-a, l-eo-a, lko-\, ]-tc-X-\m-b lk≥-jm. J-_-d-S-°w C∂p cm-hn-se 11\v ]-\dt_¡ hq¿ ]p-Ø≥-]-≈n J]∑-\: sIm√-I, ]-≠-I- _¿-ÿm-\n¬. im-e-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]n sP tPm¿-Pn-s‚ `m-cy B-kn-bm-_n l-Öp-½ d-t_-°(81). X-e-t»-cn: Sn.kn. ap-°na°ƒ: tPm-k^v, kmse B-jym-\-bn¬ (kaph¬, _o-\m-Ω, ^n_m-lv) ]-tc-X-\m-b apen∏v, km-dm-Ω. a-cpl-Ω-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `ma°ƒ: kqk-Ω, C ]n cy Xo-°q-°¬ B-kntPm¨, tPmfn, sN-dn-bmbm-_n l-÷p-Ω (76). a≥ tPm¿Pv, ]-tc-X-bm-b °ƒ: ap-kv-X-^, ^utamfn. kn-bm _o-Kw, km-_n-d, i-co-^, kp-c-ø, ]-tc-X_o-cm³- lm-Pn \m-b k-eow. A-c-b-t¶m-Sv: A-°-csØm-Sn-I-bn¬ _o-cm≥- a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-km-°p-´n, lm-Pn (70). `m-cy: B-bn- kn-±o-Jv, l-\o-^, ko-\Øv, ]-tc-X-\m-b lp-ki -_o-hn. a-°ƒ: P-ambv≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ep-±o≥ (Pn-±), ap-l-Ω-Zv A-en, kzm-en-lv, IpA-jv-d-^v ({Ku-≠v hm´¿ Un-]m¿-´v-sa‚ v), \m- ™m-™p, dm-_n-b. k¿. sIm√w: apJ-Ø-e Ip-dpa-Æ-bn¬ \-μ-\-Øn¬ {]_p≤-s‚ `mcy jm-Pn\n(47˛A-[ym-]n-I K-h. F¬.]n.F-kv, apJ-Øe). a°ƒ: A-c-hn-μv {]_p, A-a¬ {]_p.

t{X-ky

ta-cn

Ip-«³ \m-bÀ

I-cp-Wm-I-c³

kp-`-{Z

hn-jv-Wp

D-Wn-Nn-d: ap-´-tØm-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ss]-en-bpsS `m-cy t{X-ky (96). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 3.30\v tXm-∏n¬ ta-cn dm-Wn ]≈n-bn¬. ]-tc-X In-g-°º-ew tIm-bn-°-c Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: kn ta-cn B≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b F-en-k-_-Øv(bp.Fkv.F), am-Xyq-kv(bp.Fkv.F), B‚-Wn(P¿-Ω\n), tPm-k-^v ap-´-tØm´n¬(tI-c-f-am-kv-‰¿ {]nt‚-gv-kv A-tkm-kn-tbj≥ {]-kn-U‚ v), ta-cn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: G-en-°p-´n tIm-bn-°-c (bp.Fkv.F.), t{X-kym-Ω (P¿Ω-\n), ta-cn , B-‚-Wn I√q¿.

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: B-thm-en ]m-e-°m-´v ]-tc-X-\m-b am-Xy-hn-s‚ `m-cy tacn(85). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 3,30\v B-\n°m-Sv sk‚ v sk-_mÃy≥-kv ]-≈n Ip-Spw-_I-√-d-bn¬. ]-tc-X Ip-amc-aw-K-ew h-S-°pw-]-dºn¬ Ip-Sw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: ta-gv-kn, tPm-k^o-\, ^m≥-ko-\, F-enk-_-Øv, ]-tc-X-bm-b ]u-fo-\, tSm-an, sP-bn≥ am-Xyp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm¨ sIm-®p-ap-´w, G\m-s\-√q¿ tPm-kv Ip∂w-tIm-´v sXm-Sp-]p-g, B-≥-kn h-´-a-e-Ip-t∂¬ ap-X-e-t°m-Sw.

a-\-s°m-Sn: In-g-°pw-]pdw ]-≈n-∏m-´v Ip-´≥ \mb¿ (94). `m-cy: X-¶-a-Wn. a-°ƒ: c-hn, kp-`-{Z, hn-Pb, tam-l-\≥, tKm-hnμ≥, D-Æn-tam≥, _m-_p´≥, kv-an-X, {]n-b, c-Xojv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-tcm-Pn\n, \m-cm-b-W≥, Kw-Km[-c≥, A-\n-X, en-Pn, an\n,cm-a-N-{μ≥, in-h≥.

Ip-a-c-Iw: sX-°pw `m-Kw B-‰p-]p-dw ho-´n¬ I-cpWm-I-c≥ (82). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v ]-I¬ c-≠n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. Ip-a-c-Iw ssX-Ø-d ho-´n¬ X-¶-Ωbm-Wv `m-cy: a-°ƒ: kpK-‘-Ω, sse-e, jo-e. acp-a-°ƒ: A-\n-b≥, c-hn, jm-Pn.

]m-h-d-´n: sh≥-ta-\m-Sv tIm-∂≥-_-km¿ tIm-cnt»-cn ]-tc-X-\m-b Ir-jvW≥-°p-´n-bp-sS a-Iƒ kp-`-{Z (81). kw-kv-°mcw C-∂v cm-hn-se H-ºXn-\v tIm-´-∏-Sn iv-a-im-\Øn¬ \-S-Øpw.

a-\-s°m-Sn: ]p-≈v kz-tZin I-Sp-°m-´v jm-Pn-bp-sS a-I≥ hn-jv-Wp (20). -A-Ω: jo-P. k-tlm-Z-cn: {io-Xp.

cm-L-h³

amtØm´w: ]-tc-X\m-b Im-´p-]-dº-Øv tKm-]m-es‚ `m-cy eo-e (75). a°ƒ: hn-Pb≥ (an¬-a _q-Øv, am-tØm-´w), Knco-jv-Ip-am¿ (sI Pn kvt‰m¿, am-tØm-´w), {]-aof.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: X-¶-bsØ Iq-Øq¿ cm-L-h≥ (80). `m-cy: Sn im-¥-Ipam-cn (]-©m-b-Øv ap≥ Aw-Kw). a-°ƒ: {]-im¥v (tkm-^v-‰v-sh-b¿ F≥-Pn-\o-b¿, F-d-WmIp-fw), [-\y.

_-Zn-bS- p-°: am-SØ - S- p°-bn-se Fw Fw sam-bvXo≥Ip-™n-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-i l-÷p-Ω (47). a-°ƒ: kp-lvd - , k-do-\, A-kvl - d - p-±o≥, Zn¬-jmZv, dn-kvh - m≥. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-ko-kv (J-Ø¿), a-jvlq-Zv (ku-Zn).

th-em-bp-[³

sF-jm-_o-hn

Zn-eo-]v Ip-amÀ

Nm-t¡m

hn-f-½

Ip-ªn-sam-bv-Xn³

]o-äÀ

hÀ-Ko-kv

Nm-e-°p-Sn: am-{º F-cbmw-Ip-Sn \-S-bv-°-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b _m-hp Ip-™n-bp-sS a-Iƒ sFjm-_o-hn(43).

am-f: tX-≠-°m-c≥ A-ø∏p-™n-bp-sS a-I≥ Zn-eo]v-Ip-am¿(53). `m-cy: kn‘p.

am-f: tIm-´-ap-dn sX-‰-bn¬ F-Sm-´p-Im-c≥ am-ØpÆn Nm-t°m(81). `m-cy: do-Ø. a-°ƒ: ssd-\n, _m-_p, t_m-_n. a-cp-a°ƒ: tXm-a-kv, en- n, doP.

Ip-º-f-ßn: ]-©m-bØv Hm-^n-kn-\p-k-ao]w ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-t{Xmkn-s‚ a-Iƒ hn-fΩ(88). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂pcm-hn-se 10\v.

{io-aq-e-\-K-cw: Hm-e-∏nem¬ Ip-™p-sam-bv-Xo≥ (87). dn-´. Iym-]v-‰¨. `m-cy: sF-ip. a-°ƒ; Ip-™pap-l-Ω-Zv, ^m-Øn-a, sambv-Xo≥-Ip-™v, sF-im_o-hn, ap-l-Ω-Zm-en. a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-ao-e, Ip™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv, apw-Xm-kv, ssl-t{Zm-kv, jn-_n.

tXm-∏pw-]-Sn: I-gp-Øp-ap´v ]-h¿ lu-kn-\p k-ao]w ]-≈n-∏-d-ºn¬ ]o‰¿(67). a¿-®‚ v t\-hn D-tZym-Kÿ-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: t{K-kn. a-°ƒ: an-\n, ant\-jv(a¿-®‚ v t\-hn), an¬-´≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: s^ev-In-kv,Sn‚p. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p- cm-hn-se 10.30\v I-gp-Øp-ap-´v km≥-tXmw tZ-hm-e-b -sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬.

Ip-Øp-Ip-gn: I-∂-∏n≈n¬ h¿-Ko-kv(h-°®≥-˛75). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p- cm-hn-se 9\v I-h-fßm-Sv sk‚ v tPm¨-kv ko-\m-bv bm-t°m-_m-b kp-dn-bm-\n ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: IpØp-Ip-gn sIm-f-tº¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw km-dm-Ω. a-°ƒ: s_-∂n, A-Pntam≥. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: tIm-gn∏n-≈n a-Æm¿-°-c jo-e, tIm-gn-∏n-≈n Im-´p-Nn-d Po-_.

am-f: tIm-´-ap-dn em-en-bw ]-d-ºn¬ Ip-dp-º≥ them-bp-[≥(60). `m-cy: Aw_n-I. a-°ƒ: {]n-b, {]oXn, {]n≥-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tJ-jv, _n-Pp.

tXm-a-kv C-cn-°q¿: s]-cp-h-f-Øp]-d-ºv s]-t{Sm-ƒ-]-ºn-\v k-ao-]w sN-dn-bm-≠n lu-kn¬ Sn tXm-a-kv (52). `m-cy: kn tcm-ln-Wn. a°ƒ: k-‘y, k-Rv-P-bv (C-cp-h-cpw hn-Zym¿-YnIƒ). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ta-cn, X-øm-Ω, F¬-kn, h¬-k, ]-tc-X-\m-b cmPp.

A-^v-kÀ X-e-t»-cn: Nn-c-°-c ]≈n-Øm-g A-ø-e-Øv kvIq-fn-\p k-ao-]w _-n-kvan-√-bn¬ ]m-Xm-dp-Ω¬ A-^v-k¬ (46). ]-tc-X\m-b sI ]n A- p-hns‚-bpw dm-_n-b-bp-sSbpw a-I-\m-Wv. `m-cy: jao-\. a-°ƒ: s_≥-kod, \n-lm¬, \n-Zm¬. ktlm-Z-c-߃: kn-bm-Zv, Pm-_n¿, ko-\-Øv, X_o-P, j-ao-d.

eo-e

ssk-\-_ a-t©-cn: ap-kv-enw -eo-Kv kw-ÿm-\ P-\-d¬ sk{I-´-dn-bpw cm-Py-k-`mw-Khpw U-]yq-´n kv-]o-°-dpam-bn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X-\m-b sIm-c-º-bn¬ A-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy Ip-gnºm-S-Øv ssk-\-_ (74). ]n-Xm-hv: C-ºn-®n A-l-Ω-Zv. am-Xm-hv: dp-Jnb. a-I≥: ap-l-Ω-Z-en (am-t\-Pn-Mv U-b-d-Œ¿, sIm-c-º-bn¬ tlm-kv]n-‰¬, a-t©-cn).

kp-amw-Kn-b-½ F-S° - c - : Un.-ssh.-F^v.sF kw-ÿm-\ sk{I-´d - n Fw kz-cm-Pns‚ amXmhv sR-´n-°p-fw kpam \ - n-hm-kv kp-amw-Kn-bΩ. `¿Ømhv: ap-cf - o-[c≥ \m-b¿ - . (58). aIƒ: kz-]v\ - (-_mw•q¿). a-cp-a°ƒ: C tKm-]m-eI - r-jvW≥, l-cn-X.

B-bn-i l-Öp-½

l-k-bv\mÀ lm-Pn s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: ]md¬ F-Sm-bn-°¬ sNΩ≥-Ip-gn-bn¬ lkbv-\m¿ lm-Pn. a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, Ju-eØv, D-ssa-_, k-^nb, k¬-a-Øv, a-dn-b, d-jo-Z, k-do-\, km\n-_, sam-bv-Xo≥, l\o-^, d-^o-Jv.

^m-¯n-a B-e-∏p-g: \-K-c-k-`m tÃ-Un-bw hm¿-Un¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]-Sn-™m-sd jm-^n a-l-√v ap-Ø-h-√n A-–p-√m bm-^n-bp-sS ]p-{Xn-bpw ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zv bm-^n-bp-sS ^m-Øn-a (ssk-\-_mbm-^n-˛90)-. B-e-∏p-g ss]-ßm-aTw Ip-Spw-_mwK-am-Wv. a-I-≥: ]-tc-X-\mb A-_q-_-°¿ bm-^n (tIm-bm-∏q), a-cp-a-°ƒ: ko-\-Øv bm-^n.

k-\n-j Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: Im-b-tems´ tIm-a-Øvs]m-bnen¬ Fw Ir-jv-W-s‚ aIƒ k-\n-j (32). ktlm-Z-c-߃: \n-jo-Zv, l-\o-jv, Pn-Pn-j, Pn-\ojv.

]mÀ-h-Xnb-½ sh-≈n-am-SvI - p∂v: ]-tcX\m-b s]-cn-°t- ©-cn ti-Jc - ≥ \m-bc - p-sS `mcy Nn-d° - ¬ ]m¿h-Xn A-Ω (87).

_n-¿m-¯p Nm-∏-\-ßm-Sn: ]-tc-X\m-b h-S-°≥ a-Ωp-´n-bpsS `m-cy _n-øm-Øp(73). a-°ƒ: k-eow, iw-kp.-

A-º-e-∏p-g: kw-Ko-X ]-cn-]m-Sn A-h-X-cn-∏n-®v a-S-ßpI-bm-bn-cp-∂ kw-Lw k-©-cn-® Im-dn¬ Sq-dn-Ãv _ n-Sn-®v Im¿ bm-{Xn-I≥ a-cn-®p. c-≠pt]¿-°p ]-cnt°--‰p. sIm-®n tIm¿-]-td-j≥ 19mw Un-hn-j-\n¬ sFiz-cym sse-\n¬ In-S-tß-g-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b {io-[-cta-t\m-s‚ a-I≥ cm-[m-Ir-j≥ (47) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C∂-se ]p-e¿-s® tZ-io-b ]m-X-bn¬ H-‰-∏-\-bv-°v kao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. l¿-tam-Wn-Ãpw h-b-en-\nÃp-am-b cm-[m-Ir-jv-W-\pw- kw-L-hpw Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]pcw tIm-h-f-sØ kz-Im-cy tlm-´-en¬ Hm¿-°-kv-{S Ah-X-cn-∏n-®v F-d-Wm-Ip-f-tØ-°v a-S-ß-th-bm-Wv A-]I-Sw. F-Xn-tc h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Sq-dn-Ãv _-kv a-s‰m-cp hm-l-\-sØ a-dn-I-S-°-th kw-Lw k-©-cn-®n-cp-∂ C≥-Un-° Im-dn¬ C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. C-Sn-bp-sS B-Lm-X-Øn¬ ]q¿-W-am-bn X-I¿-∂ Im¿ sh-´n-s∏mfn-®m-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn¬ s]-´-h-sc ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. \m-´p-Im-cpw A-º-e-∏p-g t]m-en-kpw tN¿-∂m-Wv c£m-{]-h¿-Ø-\w \-S-Øn-b-Xv. ]-cn-t°-‰ F-d-Wm-Ipfw ]-\-ßq¿ A-º-e-∏-d-ºv ho-´n¬ \m-cm-b-W-s‚ aI≥ cm-tP-jv (42), tIm-X-aw-K-ew Ip-f-®-bn¬ ho-´n¬ P-b-cm-Pv F-∂n-h-sc h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. a-c-W-s∏-´ cm-[m-Irjv-W-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-Ãp tam¿-´-Øn-\p- ti-jw _-‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. Xp-S¿-∂v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬ kw-kv-I-cn-®p. am-Xm-hv: Ku-cn-b-Ω, `m-cy: c-Pn-XIp-am-cn. a-°ƒ: A-P-bv-Ir-jv-W≥, {io-Ip-´n.

ss_-¡v a-Xn-en-en-Sn-¨v ]-cn-t¡-äv Nn-InÂ-k-bn-en-cp-¶ bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

am-cm-cn-°p-fw: \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-´ ss_-°v a-Xn-en-en-Sn®v ]-cn-t°-‰v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. I-Wn-®p-Ip-f-ß-c A-´-°pgn-°m-´v sh-fn tKm-]m-eIr-jv-W≥ \m-b-cp-sS aI≥ kp-tc-jv (33) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. i-\n-bm-gv-N D-®-bv-°v IWn-®p-Ip-f-ß-c-bn¬ h®m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Kpcp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ kptc-jn-s\ tIm-´-bw sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ {]-th-in∏n-s®-¶n-epw i-\n-bm-gv-N cm-{Xn 11Hm-sS a-cn-®p.

kz-Im-cy- _-Ên-Sn-¨p ss_-¡v bm-{Xn-I³- a-cn-¨p

Xp-d-hq¿: ss_-°n-\v ]n-∂n¬- kz-Im-cy- _- n-Sn-®p ss_-°v bm-{Xn-I≥- a-cn-®p. F-gp-]p-∂- Nn-td-]-d-ºn¬]-tc-X-\m-b- cm-a-Ir-jv-W-s‚ a-I≥- _m-_p-(42) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. k-l-bm-{Xn-I-\m-b- ]q-h≥- N-{μ-\n-I¿Øn¬- jm-Pn (45)-sb Kp-cp-X-c- ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS- B-e∏p-g- h-≠m-\w- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬{]-th-in-∏n-®p. Xp-d-hq¿-˛-Ip-º-f- -ßn- -tdm-Un-¬- h-√-tØm-Sv F-.sI.Pn-. P-Mv-j-\n¬- C-∂-se- D-®-bv-°v 12 Hm-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂pA-]-I-Sw. F-d-Wm-Ip-f-Øv \n-∂p- tN¿-Ø-e- `m-KtØ-°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p- _-kv ss_-°n-s\- adn-I-S-°m-\p-≈{i-aØn¬- ss_-°n-\v ]n-∂n¬- C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. \n-b-{¥-Ww- hn-´v -_-kv kao-]-sØ a-Xn-en-en-Sn-®mWv \n-∂-Xv. A-]-I-SØn¬ _-kv bm-{Xn-I-cmb- ]-tØm-fw- t]¿-°v \n m-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ _m-_p-hn-s\ \m-´p-Im¿- tN¿-∂v Xp-d-hq¿- K-h. B-ip]-{Xn-bn-te-°v sIm-≠p- t]m-sb-¶n-epw- h-gn-a-t[y- a-cn®p. Ip-Øn-b-tXm-Sv F-kv-.sF.- _n-Pq- hn \m-b-cp-sSt\-Xr-Xz-Øn-ep-≈- t]m-en-kv kw-L-sa-Øn- K-Xm-KXw \n-b-{¥n-®p. _m-_p-hn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw- tN¿-Ø-eXm-eq-°m-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬. c-iv-an-bm-Wv _m-_p-hn-s‚ `mcy. a-°ƒ:- D-Æn-am-b, hn-jv-Wp-.

ss_-¡pw Hm-t«m-bpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p

ap-°q-´p-X-d: ss_-°pw Hm-t´m-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v ss_°v Hm-Sn-®n-cp-∂ F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn a-cn-®p. sh-®p-®n-d sN-t¶m-´-bn¬ (A-bn-cq¿) ho-´n¬ sP¿-an (17) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. H-∏w ss_-°n¬ k-©-cn-® kplr-Øpw k-l-]mTn-bp-am-b sh-®p-®n-d h-f-hn-\m¬ ho-´n¬ A-Jn¬ _n-Pp (17) hn-s\ ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS tIm-´-b-sØ kz-Im-cy-Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n®p. C-∂-se D-®-°v 3.15 HmsS ap-°q-´p-X-d A-ko-kv B-ip-]-{Xn-]-Sn-°-em-bncp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. ]-cn-°pI-tfm-sS C-cp-h-tc-bpw B-Zyw A-ko-kn A-ip-]{Xn-bpw Xp-S¿-∂v hn-Z-Kv-[Nn-In¬-k-°m-bn tIm-´-btØ-°v sIm-≠p-h-cn-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. A-]-I-SØn¬ X-e-°v Kp-c-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ sP¿-an-°v a-kvXn-jv-Im-Lm-Xw kw-`-hn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v Bip-]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X-¿ A-dn-bn-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\p-ti-jw kw-kv-I-cn-°pw.

a-e-bm-fn F-³Pn-\o-bÀ UÂ-ln-bn tjm-t¡-äp a-cn-¨p

^m. tXm-a-kv X-«-I-¯v

_n-μp

im-lp l-ao-Zv

tPm¬ Nm-t¡m

]-co-Xv-Ip-ªv

km-\p-tam³

¢o-ä-kv

kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: tIm-gn-t°m-Sv cq-]-Xbv-°p Io-gn-se kp¬-Øm≥ _tØ-cn ]q-a-e tlm-fnt{Im-kv tZ-hm-e-b hn-Imcn ^m. tXm-a-kv X-´-I-Øv (75). ar-X-tZ-lw ]q-a-e ]≈n-bn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿-i-\Øn-\p h-® ti-jw C-∂p tIm-gn-t°m-Sv ta-cn-°p-∂nse sd-Un-sa¿ tZ-hm-e-bØn-te-°p sIm-≠p t]mIpw. Xp-S¿-∂v kz-tZ-i-amb am-f ]-≈n-∏p-d-tØ-°p sIm-≠p-t]m-Ip∂ ar-X-tZlw ]-≈n-∏p-dw sk‚ v B‚-Wo-kv ]-≈n-bn¬ C∂v ssh-Io-´v 4.30\v kw-kvIcn-°pw. X-´-I-Øn¬ ]tc-X-cm-b h-do-Xv-˛t{X-ky Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-\m-Wv.

hm-g-h-‰: ]-´m-ºn-°p-∂v I-f-∏p-c-bv-°¬ t_-_nbp-sS `m-cy _n-μp (34). a-°ƒ: A-eo-\, hn-kv-ab. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cmhn-se 10\v sX-t\-cn ^mØn-a-am-Xm ]-≈n-bn¬.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: {]-ap-J dnb¬ F-kv-t‰-‰v F-P‚ v sIm-tbm-¶-c ]q-t®m¬ H.-Sn. lu-kn-se H Sn imlp¬ l-ao-Zv (51). h-S°p-ºm-Sv Jn-Zv-a-Øp¬ Ckv-emw P-am-A-Øv sk{I-´-dn-bm-bn tk-h-\-a-\pjvTn-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ]n J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: \q-dp-±o≥ (D-Ωp¬ ssIz≥), in-lm_p-±o≥ (_n-^mw hnZym¿-Yn, cm-Po-hvKm-‘n ^m¿-a-kn tIm-f-Pv, Xr°-cn-∏q¿), I-am¬ (F≥Pn-\o-b-dn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn, _mw-•q¿), \q-dp-∂n-k. acp-a-°ƒ: Sn sI ]n Ajv-d-^v (Zp-_-bv), F-kv \-^o-k-Øv.

tIm-X-aw-K-ew: Du-∂pI¬ X-Sn-°p-fw I-gp-XmsXm-≠n¬ (]p-en-bmw-Ipt∂¬) tPm¨ Nm-t°m (70). kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se10\vv X-e-t°m-Sv sk‚ v ta-co-kv bm-t°m_m-b ]-≈n-bn¬. `m-cy; ta-cn, A-Sn-am-en 12mw ssa¬ \n-c-h-Øp-I-≠-Øn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: an\n, _n-Pp, Pn-tbm. a-cp-aI≥: k-Pn.

Im-°-\m-Sv: Im-°-\m-Sv A-Øm-Wn-bn¬ Nn-t‰Øv C-f-h-°m-Sv aq-ebn¬ B-en a-I≥ ]-coXv-Ip-™v (83). J-_-d-S°w C-∂v 10\vv Ip-gn-°m´v aq-e Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬. a-°ƒ: C-{_m-lnw, \_o-k,(]-tc-Xm-b) ^mØn-a, P-ao-e , A-–p¬ A-ko-kv. `m-cy: lm-P-dm _o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _-jo¿, ap-lΩ-Zv, ap-l-Ω-Zm-en, k-^nb,P-ko-\.

]-d-hq¿: G-gn-°-c Ip-X¥-d-bn¬ ho-´n¬ km-\ptam≥ (km-\-∏≥-˛49 ). `m-cy: jo-_. a-°ƒ: A\p-tZ-hv, B-Im-iv.

B-ep-h: ap-\n-kn-∏¬ Xr°p-∂-Øv ]q-Δ-Øn-¶¬ Nm-t°m a-I≥ ¢o-‰-kv(56). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-Ign-™v 3\v B-ep-h sk-‚ v {^m≥-kn-kv tk-thy-gv-kv sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ta-cn. a-°ƒ: Pn-b,PnXn≥.

_m-e-Ir-jv-W³ \-¼ymÀ Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: sN-dp-hmt©-cn ]m-td-Ω¬ ]o-SnI-bn-se c-iv-an \n-hmkn¬ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ \-ºym¿ (82). `m-cy: Pm-\-In-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: B-\-μv, c-Rv-PnØvIp-am¿, c-iv-an, A-PnØv Ip-am¿.

Ir-jv-W³ Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: I-≠w-Ip∂n-se a-t\m-fn lukn¬ s\-eym-S≥ Ir-jvW≥ (80). `m-cy: ]m-©p. a-°ƒ: {io-[-c≥, ]-fln\n, k-l-tZ-h≥.

am[-hn tIm-´qfn: X-d-Ω¬ am-[hn (65). `¿-Ømhv: cmP≥.

tKm-hn-μ³ ta-t\m≥-]m-d: sN-dn-b I-≈n-bw-]m-d sI tKmhn-μ≥ (76). `m-cy: I-aem-£n, a-°ƒ: c-ho{μ≥ (_n.F-kv.F≥. F¬), P-\m¿-Z-\≥, Atim-I≥ (_n-h-td-P-kv tIm¿-]-td-j≥), k-ltZ-h≥, c-Lp-\m-Y≥, kp-Pm-X. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ir-jv-W≥ (_n.F-kv.F≥.F¬), X-¶-aWn, k-tcm-Pn-\n.

A-Ðp-Ã-¡p-«n- lm-Pn sIm-bn-em-≠n: ]-g-b-Ime ap-kvenw -eo-Kv t\-Xmhpw ap≥ ]-©m-b-Øv {]kn-U‚p-am-b Fw A-_-v Zp-√-°p-´n- lm-Pn (99). ASn-b-¥-cm-h-ÿm-Im-e-Øv A-d-Ãv sN-ø-s∏-´v 40 Zn-hkw P-bn¬-hm-k-a-\pjvTn-®n-´p-≠v.

Sm-¦À A]-I-Sw: c-hn-Zm-kn-sâ a-b-¡pa-cp-¶p-am-bn hn-ZymÀ-Yn-I-fpw ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kv-I-cn-¨p G-Pâpw ]n-Sn-bn tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: shÃv ln¬ Np¶-Øn\p kao]w ]m-N-I-hmX-I Sm-¶¿tem-dn KpUvkv Hmt´mbv°p apI-fn-te°p a-dn™v a-cn-® Hm-t´m ss{U-h¿ chn-Zm-kn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kvI-cn-®p. C-∂-se D-®-bv°v H-∂c-tbm-sS-bm-Wv t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´Øn-\p-ti-jw arX-tZlw _‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Ø-Xv. tijw Ip-≠p-]-d-ºv C-Sp-h-\new X-S-ßm-´p-h-b-en-se ho-´nse-Øn-® ar-X-tZ-lØn¬ kl-{]-h¿-Ø-I-cpw \m-´p-Im-cpw B-Zm-c-RvP-en-I-f¿-∏n-®p. i-\n-bm-gv-N D-®-bv°v ti-jw aq-∂-c-tbm-sSbmbn-cp∂p A]I-Sw. G-I A-Øm-Wn-bm-bn-cp∂ c-hn-Zm-kn-s‚ th¿-]m-Sv Ip-

Spw-_-sØ Xo¿Øpw A-\m-Yam°n. Im-c-∏-d-ºn-se D-∏p-I≠w Ip-Spw-_w A-©p-h¿-jw apºm-Wv X-S-ßm-´p-h-b¬ C-cp-h\n-e-Øv Xm-a-k-am-°n-b-Xv. KpUv-kv Hm-t´m Hm-Sn-®m-Wv `m-cybpw c-≠p a-°-fp-a-S-ßp-∂ IpSpw-_-sØ-bpw tcm-Kn-bm-b AΩ A-cn-bm-bn-sb-bpw c-hn-Zm-kv t]m-‰n-bn-cp-∂-Xv. aq-Ø-a-I≥ hn]n≥-Zm-kn-\p Zn-h-k-h-cp-am-\-ambn-´n-√. a-Iƒ Zn-hy-bm-I-s´ h-nZym¿-Yn-\n-bp-am-Wv. kz-¥-am-bn hoSv ]Wn-bm-\p≈ Hcp-°ßƒ XpS-ßn-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw ]Wn ]q¿Øn-bm-hpw-apsº kv]v\w _m°n-bm°n chn-Zmkns\ acWw X´n-sb-Sp-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.

B-ep-h: e-l-cn-a-cp-∂p-I-fp-ambn tIm-f-Pv hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-fpw GP‚pw ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. tIm-b-ºØq¿ {]-^-j-\¬ tIm-f-Pnse _n.sS-Iv Ah-km-\-h¿j hnZym¿-Yn-I-fm-b tPm-_n≥ emk¿, \n-Yn≥- h¿-Ko-kv, tPm¨ tPm-°-_v F-∂n-h-cpw a-b-°p-acp-∂v FØn®p-\¬Inb C-S-∏≈n kz-tZ-in _n-\p-hp-am-Wp ]nSn-bn-em-b-Xv. I-S-h-{¥-bn¬ F-Iv-ssk-kv F≥-t^m-gv-kv B‚ v B‚n \m¿-t°m-´n-Iv kv-s]-jy¬ kvv-IzmUv \-S-Øn-b ]-cn-tim-[-\-bn-emWv C-h¿ ]n-Sn-bn-em-b-Xv . C-hcn¬ \n-∂v F¬.F-kv.Un lmjn-jv, ss\-t{Sm-sk-]mw Kp-fnI-Iƒ, I-©m-hv F-∂n-h-bpw ]n-

e-l-cn-a-cp-∂p-I-fp-am-bn ]n-Sn-bn-em-bh¿ Sn-Iq-Sn. C-Xn¬ tPm-_n≥ emkdns\ I-©m-hv ssI-h-iwh®-Xn-\v tIm-f-Pn¬ \n-∂p k-kvs]‚ v sN-bvXncp∂p. C-h¿ aq∂p h¿-jtØmf-ambn I-©mhpw F¬.F-kv.Un F-∂ e-lcn-IqSnb a-cp-∂pw D-]-tbm-Kn°p-∂-h-cm-sW-∂p t]m-en-kv ]d-™p. _m-w•q-¿, tKm-h- F∂nhn-S-ß-fn¬ \n∂mWv C-h tI-c-

f-Øn-se-Øn-®-sX-∂v t]m-enkv ]-d™p. sd-bv-Un¬ kv-s]jy¬ sk¬ kn.sF. sI sI A-\n¬Ip-am¿, A-kn. C-≥-kvs]-Œ¿ sI sI kp-{_-lvaWy≥, {]-n-h‚o-hv Hm-^n-k¿ P∫m¿, kn.C.H.am-cm-b ssj-Pp, Ir-jv-W-Ip-am¿, {]-Zo-]v-Ip-am¿ , jn-lm-_p-±o≥, a-Wn, kp-\o-jvIp-am¿ ]-s¶-Sp-Øp.

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: Kr-l-{]-th-i-Øn-\p-≈ H-cp-°-߃°n-S-bn¬ a-e-bm-fn F-≥Pn-\o-b¿ U¬-ln-bn¬ tjm]q-Wn-Øp-d:I-tÆm-°- t°-‰p a-cn-®p. Io-gn-√w tNS e-£v-an hn-lm-dn¬ th- ∂-\-Øv in-h-cm-a am-cm-cpsS a-I≥ cm-tP-jv F-kv amWp-tKm-]m-e-tat\m≥(79). F-Iv-kv B¿- cm¿ (39) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Can kp-t_-Zm¿.kw-kv-Im- ∂-se cm-hn-se 11\v t\mbn-U-bn-se kz-¥w ^v-fmcw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 10\v ‰n-em-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Xr-∏q-Wn-Øp-d s]m-Xphym-gm-gv-N Kr-l-{]-th-iw iv-a-im-\-Øn¬. `m-cy: \n-›-bn-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-bnA-Ωn-Wn-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: cp-∂p. ^v-fm-‰n-se C-e-IvKn-co-jv Ip-am¿, j¿-an-f, {Sn-°¬ tPm-en-I-fn¬ kc-iv-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n-Xy, lm-bn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn-¬ tjmt°‰ cmtP-jns\ Atam-l≥-Ip-am¿, {]-Zo-]v Sp-Øp-≈ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®{]-`m-I¿. ¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn™v c-≠n-\v Io-gn-√-sØ ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. _o-]m-¯p-½ sI.-kn._n C‚¿-\m-j-\¬ F-∂ ÿm-]-\-Øn¬ A^-tdm-°v: ]p-s‰-°m-Sv ]- kn- v am-t\-P-cm-bn-cp-∂p. F-´p h¿-j-am-bn U¬ln-bn¬ tPm-en sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ cm-tP-jv c-≠p-amtc-X-\m-b sI ]n Akw ap-ºm-Wv Cu ÿm-]-\-Øn¬ {]-th-in-®-Xv.A-]Ø≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy I-Sw \-S-°p-tºmƒ `m-cy tcm-ln-Wn-bpw a-Iƒ \n-th_o-]m-Øp-Ω (95). Zn-X-bpw H-∏-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

th-Wp-tKm-]m-e-ta-t\m³

H-gp-¡nÂ-s¸-«v ]n©p-Ip-ªns\ 82 Im-c³ {]-Ir-Xnhn-cp-² ]o-U-\-¯n-\n-c-bm-¡n Im-Wm-Xm-bn tIm-´-bw: aq-∂pam-kw {]m-b-amb B¨-Ip-™n-s\ 82Im-c≥ {]-Ir-Xnhn-cp-≤ ssewKnI ]oU-\-Øn-\n-c-bm-°n. A-h-i-\mb Ip-™v sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv Ip-´n-I-fp-sS B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In-¬-k-bn-em-Wv. Nm-e-®n-d I-≠-Øn¬ ho-´n¬ Nm®n(82)bm-Wv ]o-Un-∏n-®-sX∂m-Wv ]-cm-Xn. C-bmƒ H-fn-hnem-Wv. C-∂-se D-®bv-°v c-t≠m-sSbm-Wv kw-`-hw. tIm-´-ap-dn sNº≥-]p-dw tIm-f-\n-bn-se Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS Ip-´n-bm-Wv ]o-U-\Øn-\n-c-bm-b-Xv. C-h-cp-sS A-Sp-Ø _-‘phm-b Nm-®n-bp-sS Ip-dn-®n Nm-e®n-d-bn-se I-≠-Øn¬ ho-

´n¬h-®m-Wv kw`hw. aq-∂pZnh-k-߃-°v ap-ºm-Wv Z-º-XnIƒ Ip-´n-bp-am-bn Nm-®n-bp-sS ho-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. C-∂-se cmhn-se Ip-´n-bp-sS ]n-Xm-hv ]Wn-°p-t]m-bn-cp-∂p. c-≠v aWn-tbm-sS A-Ω ao≥ sh-´ns°m-≠n-cp-∂ k-a-b-Øv I-´nen¬ In-S-Ønb Ip-™n-s\ Nm®n ]o-Un-∏n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. I-c-®n¬ tI-´v A-Ω-sb-Øn-bt∏m-gmWv kw`hw I≠-Xv. _lfw tI´v A-b¬-°m¿ HmSn-sb-Øn-sb-¶nepw Nm-®n c£-s∏´n-cp-∂p. Ip´nsb D-S≥ B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. kw-`-hØn¬ Nn-ß-h-\w t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: ]-º-bm-‰n¬ B-d∑p-f I-S-hn¬ Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßnb c≠v bphm-°-fn¬ Hcmsf Im-Wm-Xm-bn. tIm-g-t©-cnbn¬ hm-S-I-bv-°v Xm-a-kn-°p∂ ssS¬-kv ]-Wn-bn-te¿-s∏-´ncp-∂ t^m¿-´v sIm-®n kz-tZ-in kp-ta-jn-s\-bm-Wv Im-Wm-Xmb-Xv. H-∏-ap-≠m-b sPkn(20)s\- \m´p-Im¿ c£-s∏SpØn tIm-g-t©-cn-bn-se Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v B-tdmsS- B-d-∑p-f k-{X-°-S-hn-\v kao-]-am-Wv kw-`-hw. ]-Ø-\w-Xn´-bn¬ \n-∂v ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv FØn-sb-¶n-epw cm-{Xnbmb-Xn\m¬ Iq-Sp-X¬ Xn-c-®n¬ \-SØm\mbn-√. C-∂v Xn-c-®n¬ XpS-cpw.


Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2014/03/31