Page 1

8

thÀ-]mSv

KOCHI

06 Pq¨ 2014 sh≈n

a-kv-¡-än lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw aq-ew a-cn-¨p

B-\n

tU-hn-Uv

tPm-k-^v

ssa-Xo³ Ip-ªv

a-½p

Ip-am-c³

hn-im-em-£n

tZ-h-kn Nm-t¡m

Nn-d-°¬: ]-≈n-∏-dºn¬ tdm-_¿-´v `m-cy B\n(55). kw-kv-Im-cw \-SØn. a-°ƒ:I-hn-X,I-t\jv. a-cp-a-I≥: jn-_p.

tXm-∏pw-]-Sn: sh¬-s^b¿ tdm-Un¬ am-bw-ap-dnbn¬ ho-´n¬ tU-hnUv(75). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-Ign-™p 2\v t^m¿-´psIm-®n sk‚ v ]o-t‰-gvkv B‚ v sk‚ v t]mƒkv Hm¿-Ø-tUm-Iv-kv ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: a-dn-bm-Ω. a°ƒ:A-e-Iv-kv, ^n-en∏v.a-cp-a-°ƒ:do-P,in¬].

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: A-√-{] tXm-´-∏m-S≥ tPm-k^v(84).]n.U-_yp.Un tIm¨-{Sm-Œ¿. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p cm-hn-se 9\v Xpcp-Øn-πn sk‚ v ta-co-kv h-en-b ]-≈n sk-an-tØcn-bn¬. `m-cy:]-tc-X-bm-b Nn-c-∏pdw a-dn-bm-Ω. a-°ƒ:ta-cn,t_-_n(ap≥ ]-©m-b-Øw-Kw),_m_p.a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-{¥tbm-kv Ip-dn-®n-a-ebn¬.Pn¬-tamƒ A-d-bv°¬(_-Xv-km-Z ]-ªn-Iv kv-Iqƒ,sh-tßm-e),Fen-k-_-Øv(do-\) I-Wnbmw-]-d-ºn¬.sk‚ v taco-kv ]-ªn-Iv kv-Iqƒ Xpcp-Øn-πn.

tIm-X-aw-K-ew:C-c-a-√q¿ ]p-Xo-°-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b tIm-bm≥-lm-Pn-bpsS a-I≥ ssa-Xo≥ Ip™v(60). `m-cy: sN-dp-h´q¿ aw-K-e-Øv Ip-Spw_mw-Kw kp-ss_-Z.a°ƒ: tIm-bm≥, I_o¿,d-jo-\.a-cp-a-°ƒ: jw-e,k-Pn-\n,kpss_¿. J-_-d-S-°w \-SØn.

sIm-®-ßm-Sn: sN-bvtØ-∏-≈n-°p ap≥-h-iw X-td-]-d-ºn¬ a-Ωp(95). J-_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn. Zo¿-L-Im-ew ]-Sn-™mtd-∏-≈n,B-ep-h A–p¬ k-Øm¿ lm-Pn aq-k tk-´v ]-≈n F-∂nhn-S-ß-fn¬ tk-h-\-a-\p„n-®n-´p-≠v. a-°ƒ:_ohn, ]-tc-X-bm-b B-an\,C-kv-am-bn¬(ku-Zn A-td-_y(,bm-°q-_v, kp-l-d,J-Zo-P,A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lwk, bq-kp-^v, ^u-knb,d-ko-\,ap-l-Ω-Zv(Ip™p-tam≥),\u-jm-Zv, t_-\-ko¿.

Im-™n-c-a-‰w:Ip-e-b-‰n°-c s\-Sp-t¥m-´n¬ Ipam-c≥(65). `m-cy: im-¥. a-°ƒ:hn-Pp,_n-μp. a-cp-a°ƒ: an-\n,Pm-Zp.

I-√-d: a-lm-tZ-h¿ ]-® N-cp-hn-f ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b P-\m¿-Z-\-s‚ `m-cy hn-im-em-£n (84). a°ƒ: cm-[, eo-e, cm-P≥ (I-√-d am¿-Øm-fi≥), km-º-≥, Hm-a-\, kp-tc{μ-\m-Yv, c-hn, a-[p-P-\m¿Z-\≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-Wp, ]-tc-X-\m-b iin-[-c≥, ]p-jv-]-h-√n, cmP-e-X, {]-k-∂≥, jo-e, kn-‘p, I-hn-X.

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿:{Sm-h≥Iq¿ d-tbm¨-kv dn-´.Poh-\-°m-c-\pw hn-ap-‡ `S-\p-am-b tIm-S-\m-Sv ]oSn-tb-°-]m-d tZ-h-kn Nm-t°m(74). kw-kv-Icmw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 11\v tIm-S-\m-Sv sk‚ v B‚Wo-kv ]-≈n sk-an-tØcn-bn¬. `m-cy: {io-aq-e-\-K-cw Im®-∏n-≈n Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw kn-kn-en. a-°ƒ:Unw]nƒ(A-Uz-°-‰v,s]-cpºm-hq¿),knw-]nƒ(Zp_m-bv),Pnw-]nƒ(a-kv-I‰v),am¿-´n≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-Uz.s\¬-k≥, kntPm,tSmw.

D-½À-tIm-b ]-≈p-cp-Øn:A-[n-Im-cnh-f-∏v dn-eo-^v sk-‰n¬sa‚n-se A-t¥-hm-knbm-bn-cp-∂ D-Ω¿-tImb(70). F-d-Wm-Ip-fw P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p.

i-in-I-e -Ip-am-cn ]m-∏-\w-tIm-Sv: πm-¶m-eap-°v hn.F-kv `-h-\n¬ hn-P-b-Ip-am-dn-s‚ `m-cy i-in-I-e Ip-am-cn (40).

A-_q-_-¡À sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿: Ip∂n¬ kn-dm-Pp¬ D-epw a-Zv-d-k-°v k-ao-]-sØ sI A-_q-_-°¿ (66) `m-cy: \-_o-k.

I-a-e-½ sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: ]p-fn-amØv hn-P-bm a≥-kn-en¬ kp-Ip-am-c-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy I-a-e-Ω (76). a°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am-cn, hnP-b-Ip-am-cn, hn-iz-{]-`, hn-iz-e-X.

A-¸p-¡p-«³ \m-bÀ Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: t]mØ≥-tIm-Sv A-bn-cq-∏m-d Xn-∏-en-t°m-Ww {io-`-h\n¬ Sn sI A-∏p-°p-´≥ \m-b¿ (93). `m-cy: Ir-jvW-Ω. a-°ƒ: P-b-Ip-am-cn, Kn-cnP-Ip-am-cn, Ko-X-Ip-am-cn, A-Pn-X-Ip-am-cn, l-cn-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-Lp-\mY≥ \m-b¿, ap-c-fo-[-c≥ \m-b¿ (Ip-≠-d), ap-c-fo[-c≥ \m-b¿, kn-‘p-Ipam-cn.

X-¦½B-eØ - q¿: _m-¶v tdmUv ]-cp-h° - ¬ ]-tc-X\ - mb s]m-∂p-hn-s‚ `m-cy X¶-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: I-ae - w, ]-tc-X\ - m-b cm-a≥-Ip-´n.

]p-∂-bq¿-°p-fw: s]-cn-b-º-ew am-\-ho-bw tdm-Un¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX-°q-´v k-l-tZ-h≥ a-I≥ s]m-t∂mØv tem-ln-Xm-£≥ (58) a-kv-°-‰n¬ lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw aq-ew a-cn-®p. I-gn-™ sNm-Δm-gv-® cm-hn-se Xm-a-kÿ-e-Øv \n-∂v tPm-en ÿ-e-tØ-°v t]m-Ip-∂-Xn-\nsS A-kz-kv-X-X A-\p-`-h-s∏-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-S≥ X-s∂ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c£n-°m-\m-bn-√. H-cp am-kw ap-ºm-Wv \m-´n¬ h-∂v aS-ßn-b-Xv. kw-kv-°m-cw: sh-≈n-bm-gv-® cm-hn-se 9 aWn-°v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-°pw. am-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-Ωm-fp. `m-cy: \-μn-\n. a-°ƒ: Xr-]v-Xn, kv-t\-l (hnZym¿-Yn) . a-cp-a-I≥: B-Z¿-iv.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n sIm-c-«n kz-tZ-in a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: tN¿-Ø-e-bn-ep-≠m-b hm-l-\m-]-I-SØn¬ sIm-c-´n kz-tZ-in a-cn-®p. -Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p-∂v ]mem-´n ]u-tem-kn-s‚ a-I≥ sk-_n(46)-bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv.- hym-gm-gv-N ]p-e¿-s® aq∂n\v tN¿-Ø-e-bn-se ]-´-W-°m-Sv h-®m-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw.- Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p∂n¬ \n-∂pw tIm-gn-bp-ambn t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p tIm-gn h-≠n a-s‰m-cp h≠n-sb a-dn-I-S-°p-∂-Xn-\nsS tSm-d- n¬ C-Sn-®m-Wv A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-b-Xv.- `m-cy: em-en.- a-°ƒ: A-eo-\(-tZio-b kv-Iqƒ _m-kv-°-‰v t_mƒ Xm-cw),- sk-do-\.

\n-b-{´-Ww hn« temdn C-Sn¨v kv-Iq-«À bm-{Xn-I a-cn-¨p Bâ-Wn

a-¯m-bn hÀ-Ko-kv

`m-c-Xn

B-kn-b

sslZÀ

X-¦-¸³

k-tcm-Pn-\n

ku-Zm-an-\n-b-½

sIm-®n: sIm-®n≥ dnss^-\-do-kn¬ D-tZymK-ÿ-\m-bn-cp-∂ ]-®mfw I-√q¿ ho-´n¬ sI Sn B‚-Wn (85). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D®I-gn-™v aq-∂-c-bv-°v Nm-Xym-Øv au-≠v Im¿-a¬ ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬ `m-cy: h-Sp-X-e C-√n-∏d-ºn¬ F¬-kn. a-°ƒ: sI F Xn-tbm, sI F A-K-Ãn≥ (No^v B¿-´n-Ãv, sa-s{Sm hm¿-Ø, sIm-®n), tUm. sI F B‚Wn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: do-\, sP≥-kn, s_-kn.

A-¶-am-en: I-dp-Ip-‰n F-S°p-∂v X-øn¬ a-Øm-bn h¿-Ko-kv (68). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-Xn-cn-™v 4\v F-S-°p-∂v sk‚ v B‚Wo-kv ]-≈n-bn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b t{X-kym-Ω (Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p-∂v πm-t»-cn ]-√≥ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw). a°ƒ: tPm-kv, ta-cn, Pn-Pn, jm-Pn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssj\n (F¬-sF-kn G-P‚ v A-¶-am-en), tk-hy¿ (Im™q¿), sk-_n, hn-Pn.

ssh-∏n≥ : ]-≈n-∏p-dw ]p-g-°-tc-S-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b am-[-h-s‚ `m-cy `mc-Xn (89). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 8 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ : I-a-e, h-’, hnZy≥, A-tim-I≥, _mlp-te-b≥, hm-k-¥n. Ir-]≥, in-h≥, ssj-e, do-P, sF-j, ]-tc-X-\mb ]p-cp-j≥.

I-eq¿: A-tim-I tdmUn¬ H-go-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `mcy B-kn-b(79). a-°ƒ: ^m-Øn-a,\-Zo-d, d-jo-Zv, a-\m-^v, d-^o-Jv(am-[yaw, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw), ]-tc-X-\m-b C-{_m-lnwIp-´n. a-cp-a-°ƒ:ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip™v, ]-tc-X-\m-b lk≥, sse-e, ap-ssk_,\n-j.

Nmh°mSv: ]p∂ s]mdmSØv aplΩZns‚ aI≥ sslZ¿ (65). I_dS°w sh≈nbmg® ]p∂ Ppam AØv ]≈n I_dÿm\n¬. `m-cy: Ban\p.a°ƒ:apwXmkv, ap\o¿, ap_mdIv, ap\nd acpa°ƒ: Ajd^v, Bcn^v, Akv-\, jmlnZ.

N-h-d: a-S-∏-≈n Ip-f-ß-c ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ X-¶-∏≥(89). `m-cy: tKm-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: X-¶-Ω, kp-tc-{μ≥, k-c-k-Ω, c-ho-{μ≥, ]-tcX-bm-b cm-P-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥, e-X, sI sP i-in-[-c≥, {io-eX, ]-tc-X-\m-b k-Zm-\μ≥.

im-kv-Xmw-tIm-´: ]-Sn™m-td-I-√-S sF-tØm´p-hm t]-cn-b-gn-I-Øv(F°w-ho-Sv)]-tc-X-\m-b kZm-in-h-s‚ `m-cy k-tcmPn-\n(90). a-°ƒ: im-¥-Ip-am-cn, AΩn-Wn, s]m-∂-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ≥, cm-[mIr-jv-W≥.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sN-dnb-sIm-Æn a-W-ºq-cv Aiz-Xn `-h-\n¬ ku-Zm-an\n-b-Ω (65). k-tlm-Zc≥: _n c-ho-{μ≥ \mb¿.

kp-l-d l-Öp-½

I-eym-Wn A-½

k-tcm-Pn-\n-b-½

I-g-°q-´w: I-g-°q-´w Ipan-gn-°-c jo-Pm `-h-\n¬ A-\n¬-Ip-am¿. `m-cy: Hma-\. a-°ƒ: jo-P, jo-_. a-cpa-I≥: k-Xn.

e-fn-X

ao-\m-£n-b-½

In-fn-am-\q¿: Xp-≠n¬°-S jo-em `-h-\n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]n sI k-Zmin-h-s‚ `m-cy e-fn-X (77).

\-K-cq¿: tXm-´-bv-°m-Sv tIm-W-Øv ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b {io-[c-°p-dp-∏n-s‚ `m-cy ao\m-£n-b-Ω (78).

C-cn-°q¿: Iq-cm-cn ]p-Xnb-]p-c- sam-bn-e-Øv ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX-°pºm-Øv ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `mcy ]n Fw kp-l-d l÷p-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: jp°q¿ (td-j≥ Uo-e¿, Ccn-°q¿), A-–¬ -d-kmJv, lp-k-bv≥ lm-Pn.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: D-Zn-\q-cnse ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-cam-cm-dp-sS `m-cy hn hn Ieym-Wn A-Ω (87). a°ƒ: _m-_p-cm-Pv, ]fln-\n, t_-_n Kn-cn-P. acp-a-°ƒ: kp-{]-`, ]-tcX-\m-b {io-[-c-am-cm¿.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]-d-ºpap-°n¬ cm-L-h-hn-em-kØn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-Lh≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy sI k-tcm-Pn-\n-b-Ω (78).

A-\nÂ-Ip-amÀ

k-Xo-tZ-hn B-cy-\m-Sv: tIm-´-bv-°Iw t]-gpw-I-´-bv-°m¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sSbn-e¿ kp-μ-tc-i-s‚ `mcy k-Xo-tZ-hn (80). a°ƒ: kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, ]tc-X-\m-b k-t¥m-jv-Ipam¿, km-_p, k-Pn, kpj-a, kp-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]ao-f, {io-tZ-hn, ko-a, Bi, A-tim-I≥, lm-jnw. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hnse 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

Nm-e-°p-Sn: kv-Iq-´-dn¬ tSm-d-kv tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v kv-Iq´¿ bm-{Xn-I a-cn-®p.- t\m¿-Øv Nm-e-°p-Sn ]-≈n-°v kao-]w In-g-°q-´v ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-c-s‚ a-Iƒ e-£v-an Ip-dp-∏v(52)-B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v 4.30-HmsS ]-\-ºn-≈n tIm-f-Pn-\v k-ao-]w ]m-∏m-fn PMv-j\n¬ h-®m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-ISw.- C-h¿ k-©-cn-®n-cp-∂ kv-Iq-´-dn¬ \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-´ tSm-d- v tem-dn C-Sn®m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw.- t]\m-{º-bn-se kz-Im-cy {Ij-d¿ Po-h-\-°m-cn-bm-bncp-∂p.- kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v aq∂n\v \-K-c-k-` {In-an-t‰m-dn-b-Øn¬. -AΩ: h-≈n-b-Ω.- k-tlm-Z-cn: -]m¿-Δ-Xn.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n ]-cn-t¡-äv Nn-In-Õ-bn-en-cp-¶ bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: A-⁄m-X hm-l-\-an-Sn-®v ]-cn-t°-‰v NnIn-’-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p.- Nm-e-°p-Sn h-St°-S-Øv kp-tc-jv _m-_p-hn-s‚ a-I≥ B-en-Øv(22)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.- {I-k‚ v kv-Iq-fn-\v k-ao-]w I-gn-™ P-\p-h-cn 27-\m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw.- Xp-S¿-∂v sh-√q¿ B-ip-]-{Xn Nn-In-’-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p.-

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n a-cn-¨p

tPmÀ-Pv tXm-a-kv

ti-J-c³

Ìo-^³

am-Xyp Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

k®n-tXm-a-kv

Nmt¡m

Cu¸³

Nm-¡p-®n

Xn-S-\m-Sv: tIm-°m-´v tPm¿-Pv tXm-a-kv (tIm-°mS≥ ˛58). kw-kv-Im-cw \msf cm-hn-se 10.30 \v I∏m-Sv am¿-«o-hm-]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: eu-en, Im-fsI-´n Im-°-√n¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: Nn-∂p ( ku-Zn), Nm-cp.

Nm-h-°m-Sv-: H-cp-a-\-bq¿ hn-√yw-kv- ta-∏p-d-Øv- tiJ-c≥(69). `m-cy: hn-tim-Zc. a-°ƒ: ko-a, iymwem¬, tkm-Wn-tamƒ. acp-a-I≥: _m-_p-cm-Pv (JØ¿).

D-g-hq¿: B-\m-en¬ F sI Ão-^≥(F-Ø-s°m®v ˛85). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n∂o-Sv. `m-cy: Nn-∂-Ω, Ab¿-°p-∂w ]q-th-en¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: tPm-bn, jo-e (C-cp-h-cpw bp.F-kv.F), k-Æn (tem-°¬ sk-{I-´-dn kn.]n.sF D-g-hq¿). a-cpa-°ƒ: a-dn-bm-Ω, kn-knen, tXm-a-kv.

X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv: X-e∏m-d ]m-e-®p-h-´n¬ amXyp-Ip-cym-t°m-kv (Ip´n-t®-´≥ ˛84). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 2.30 \v X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv ]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv X-øn¬ t{X-kym-Ω. a°ƒ:tPm-bn, kn-kn-‰¿ kn-kn-en, a-dn-bm-Ω, k-Pn, cm-Pp, tXm-a-kv, X-¶-®≥, tSm-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ:^n-en-∏v, tagv-kn, do-\, Ip-™ptamƒ, sIm-®p-dm-Wn, Zo-]. ]-tc-X-bm-b h¬k-Ω.

a√∏≈n: ]m-e-°m-aÆnem-b Iq-S-Øpw-ap-dnbn¬ kÆn-tPm-a-kv(55). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf sshIo´v 2.30\v a-Wn-a-e Xn-cplr-Z-b-]-≈n-bn¬. `mcy: B≥-kn(]n.F-®v.kn. a°-∏pg). a-Wn-a-e Ip-Snbn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. a°ƒ: k-®n≥, km\n.

Xn-cph√: Nm-ض-cn aWn-bm-∏-d-ºnem-b I-cpam-Sn-®n-d-bn¬ sI kn Nmt°m (67). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂oSv. `mcy: B\n. a°ƒ: _n\p, _n-Pp,knt\mkv. a-cp-a°ƒ: sP n, Pn≥kn, tPm-tamƒ.

Xn-cph√: tIm-bn{]w sN-º-\m¬ tbm-l∂m≥ Cu-∏≥ (84). kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 11.30\v tIm-bn{]w sk‚ v ]o-t‰-gv-kv ae-¶c I-tØm-en-° ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: Ip™-Ω. a°ƒ: s]m∂-Ω, kqkn, ]-tcX\m-b Ip-™p-tam≥. acp-a°ƒ: cmP≥, km_p.

I√n-ticn: I√n-ti-cn No-c≥-kv ho-´n¬ kn sF Nm-°p-Æn(83). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v ap-∂n-\v D-a-bm-‰p-I-c sk‚ v tXma-kv Hm¿ØtUm-Iv-kv h-enb ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: am¿-Ø(t_-_n). Ip-∂Ip-fw Ip-Øq¿ Ip-Spw_mw-K-amWv. a-°ƒ: P∂n(B-kv-t{X-enb), s_‰vkn, tkm^n. a-cpa°ƒ: Ip-cy≥ tPm¨(B-kv-t{Xenb), A-\n¬ sN√m´v, tImin.

X-¦-a-Wn-b-½ Im-´m-°-S: I-≈n-°m-Sv s]-cn-™mw-I-S-hv e-£van \n-e-b-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-™p-Ir-jv-W-]n≈-bp-sS `m-cy X-¶-a-Wnb-Ω (75). a-°ƒ: kp-\n¬ Ip-am¿, {io-e-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-PnX-Ip-am-cn, am-[-h≥-Ip-´n \m-b¿.

B-bn-im-_n sN-dp-h-Æq¿: tIm-´-em-S ]-tc-X-\m-b ta-S-∏-d-ºn¬ sk-bv-Xm-en-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-im-_n (66). a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ \-Po-_v, A-_vZp¬ hm-ln-Zv (C-cp-h-cpw _n-kn-\-kv), kp-l-dm_n, k-°o-\, sj-l¿_m-\p, k-^n-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: tIm-b (A-c-°nW¿), a-Po-Zv (bp.F.C), jw-kp-±o≥.

_m-e-Ir-j-vW-¡p-dp-¸v Ip-‰ym-Sn: N-ß-cw-Ip-fw bp.]n kv-Iqƒ dn-´. A[ym-]-I≥ F-S-Øn-°≠n _m-e-Ir-jv-W-°p-dp∏v (85). `m-cy: hn-P-b-e£v-an.

Ip-ª-½-Zv hm-Wn-ta¬: sN-∂m-´v Ip-™-Ω-Zv (95). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: Ip-™-–p-√, aq , sam-bv-Xp, B-en-lk≥, l-eo-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xp, ]mØp, k-^n-b, B-bn-i, dm-_n-b.

`m-kv-¡-c³ F-S-∏m-ƒ: h-t∂-cn sNdm-bn¬ kn sI `m-kv-°c≥ (67). X-´m≥ k¿-hokv skm-ssk-‰n F-S∏mƒ bq-\n-‰v c-£m-[nIm-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: c-a-Wn. a-°ƒ: e¬-kn, c-Rv-Pn-X, c-ay. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-tP-jv (JØ¿), c-ta-iv.-

sN-dn-bm³ ]-´n-°m-Sv: Ip-dp-a-‰-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]u-tem-kv a-I≥ sN-dn-bm≥(63). `m-cy: t{K-kn. a-°ƒ: t•m-dn, tKm-Uv-en.

]mt¯ma ap≠-°¬: ]md-t∏ßm´v ]mtØma (70) . a°ƒ: tam\p-±o≥, ^mØna.

I-f-a-t»-cn: N-ß-ºp-g \-K¿ ]-fl-\n-hm-kn¬ hn-P-bIp-am-cn(72)hm-l-\m-]-I-S-Øn¬ a-cn-®p. D-tZym-K-afi¬ ^m-Œn¬-\n-∂p hn-c-an-® ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-[m-Irjv-W-s‚ `m-cy-bm-Wv. K-h¨-sa‚ v ssl-kv-Iqƒ dn´.A-[ym-]n-I-bm-Wv. I-f-at»-cn N-ß-ºp-g \-K-dn-s‚ {]-[m-\ I-hm-S-Øn-\p-k-ao]w tdm-Uv Ip-dp-sI I-S-∂t∏mƒ C-∂-se cm-hn-se 10.50\v Hm-t´m-dn-£ C-Sn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-]-ISw D-≠m-b D-S≥ k-ao-]sØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw a-cn®p.a-°ƒ: A-\n¬-cm-[mIr-jv-W≥,A-P-bv-Ip-am¿, A-Rv-P-\.a-cp-a-°ƒ:{]o-Xn,k-_n-X,c-ta-iv. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 11\v Xr-∏q-Wn-Øp-d iv-a-im-\-Øn¬.

a-[y-h-b-kv-I-s\ ho-«n a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn I-s−-¯n

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: a-[y-h-b-kv-I-s\ ho-´n¬ a-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn. s]-cp-ºm-hq¿ Im-™n-c-°m-Sv sdbn≥-t_m hn-√-bn¬ Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ A-d-°-]-d-ºn¬ ho-´n¬ X-ºn F-∂v hn-fn-°p-∂ B‚-Wn (65) s\-bmWv ho-´n¬ a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Im-W-s∏-´-Xv. Iq-\-Ωm-hv kz-tZ-in-bm-b B‚-Wn Kƒ-^n-se tPm-en-a-Xn-bm-°n s]-cp-ºm-hq-cn¬ Xm-a-kn-®v h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ip-Spw_w _mw-•q-cn-em-Wv X-m-a-kw. C-bmƒ ho-´n¬ X-\n®m-Wv Xm-a-kn-®v h-∂n-cp-∂-Xv. lr-Z-bm-Lm-X-am-Wv ac-W-Im-c-W-sa-∂v s]m-eo-kv kw-i-bn-°p-∂p. t]m-kv‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-j-ta Iq-Sp-X¬ hn-h-c-߃ \¬Im-\m-Iq-sh-∂v s]m-eo-kv ]-d-™p. s]m-eo-kv ta¬\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®v ar-X-tZ-lw s]-cp-ºm-hq¿ Xmeq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-¬ kq-£n-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. C∂v t]m-kv-‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw kz-tZ-itØ-°v sIm-≠p-t]m-Ipw.

Sn-¸À tem-dn a-dn-ªp Im-Wm-Xm-b _w-KmÄ kz-tZ-in-bp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw I-s−-¯n tdm-Uv ap-dn-¨p I-S-¡p-¶-Xn-\n-S-bn Hm-t«mdn-£ C-Sn-¨p hr-² a-cn-¨p

ap-l-½-Zv C-kv-am-bnÂ

\-S-cm-P³ B-Nm-cn

hÂ-k-e

Im-™n-c-∏-≈n : P-am-AsØ C-kv-em-an ap≥ {]-tZin-I A-ao-dpw dn-´-tb¿-Uv A-[ym-]-I-\p-am-b X-e-∏≈n-bn¬ Sn ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv Ckv-am-bn¬ lm-Pn (69). J_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn.- `m-cy: sse-e. ta-Ø-cp-ho-´n¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw. a-°-ƒ: kn-dmPv,\-Pv-an(F≥.-F-®v.-bp.-]n.F-kv Im-™n-c-∏-≈n), apl-Ω-Zv \-Zo¿ (sI.-F-kv.C._n I-f-a-t»-cn), ap-l-ΩZv A-kv-ew (C-¥y≥ Fw-_kn kv-Iqƒ ^p-ssP-d) A\o-kv, ssk-\-_p (Ãm-^v \-gv-kv ku-Zn). a-cp-a-°-ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ I-cow (am-[y-aw _n-kn-\-kv F-Iv-kn-Iyq-´nhv) a-kq-Zv (ku-Zn) , j-lo\, sj-an, ^u-kn, P-kn-b.

B-e-∏p-g: hn-Zym-`ym-k h-Ip-∏v dn-´. Po-h-\-°mc≥ hm-S-bv-°¬ sF-izcy-bn¬ \-S-cm-P≥ B-Nmcn (76). `m-cy: I-\-I-Ω. a°ƒ: tkm-a-cm-P≥, k\¬-Ip-am¿, kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿ (aq-h-cpw Kƒ-^v), kPn, dm-Wn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: joP, an-\n, tc-Wp-I, l-cnIp-am¿. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-°v 12\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: sN-ßm-eq¿ ]-d-ºn-°m-´n¬ cm-a-Ir-jvW≥ `m-cy h¬-k-e(65). kw-kv-Im-cw sh-≈n-bm-gv® ssh-Io-´v B-dn-\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: c-P-\n, A-ºn-fn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kptc-jv, i-in.

_m-_p N-ß-¶-cn: \m-ep-]p-c-bv°¬ _m-_p sI -B¿ (54). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: Hm-a-\. a-°ƒ: _n-¶p, A-\p, Nn-∏n. a-cp-aI≥: {io-Pn-Øv .

h-ln-X Nm-e-°p-Sn: Ip-‰n-°m-Sv Iq¿-°-a-‰w dn-´.- sI.-Fkv.-C.-_n. -Po-h-\-°m-c≥ Np-¶-Øp-]-d-ºn¬ A-_vZpƒ P-∫m-dn-s‚ `m-cy hln-X(53).- kw-kv-°m-cw sh-≈n-bm-gv-N cm-hn-se Hº-Xn-\v sIm-sºm-Sn-™ma-°¬ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬. a-°ƒ: -sP-\o-j,- dw-kn.a-cp-a-°ƒ: j-^v-\,- jp°q¿.

A-¶-½-

ta-Kn A-¥n-°mSv: ]p-Ø≥]oSn-I I-cp-Xp-Ip-f-ßc t]m-fn-s‚ `m-cy taKn(68). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 11\v ]pØ≥-]oSn-I sk‚ v. B‚-Wo-kv ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: jmPp, tjm_n, eo-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: kn-Pn, Umen, _m-kv-‰n≥.

tZ-h-Inap-l-Ω: ]-´-W-°m-Sv sNdp-am-´p-sh-fn-bn¬ tZ-h-In (78). a-°ƒ: tc-h-Ω, kp-[¿-a, kp-j-a, ]-tc-X-\m-b _m_p.

C-Sp-°n-: hm-g-tØm-∏v ]c-Ø-\m¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm-k-^n-s‚ `m-cy A∂-Ω-(81). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 10-\v hm-gtØm-∏v sk-‚ v tPm¿-Pv I-Øo-{U¬ ]-≈n-bn¬. a-°ƒ-: sk-_m-kv-‰y≥, kn-kv-‰¿ h-μ-\-(F-kv.-Fkv.-]n.-F-kv sIm¬-°Ø),A-K-kv-‰y≥-(dn-´.sl-Uv-am-kv-‰¿), ^m. tPm-kv ]-c-Ø-\m¬-(kn.Fw.-kn.-sF), B≥-k-Ω(Im¬-h-cn kv-Iqƒ Im¬h-cn-au-≠v), ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm¿-Pv. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: t{Kkn ]o-Sn-I-a-e-, tdm-kn-en a-e-am-°¬, cm-P≥ h¿Ko-kv(dn-´. ]-©m-b-Øv sk-{I-´-dn).

bp-h-Xn sh-t«-äp a-cn-¨ tIkv: hn-e-¡p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn-¨v "KÀ-`-{io-am³' Xn-tb-ä-dp-I-fn-te-¡v `À-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-³ A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sI.sP s{]m-U-£≥-kn-s‚ _m-\dn¬ {]-i-kv-X Om-bm-{Km-lI≥ A-\n¬ tKm-]n-\m-Yv kwhn-[m-\w sNøp∂ K¿-`-{ioam≥ -hn-e-°p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn®v Xntb-‰-dp-I-fn-te-°v. ]p-cpj≥ K¿-`w [-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂{]ta-b-Øn¬ \n¿an-°p∂ Nn{X-Øn-¬ kp-cm-Pv sh-™m-d-aqSv BWv \m-b-I≥. C-tX B-i-b-w Dƒ-s°m-≠v kn-\n-a-sbm-cp-°m≥ {i-an-®n-cp∂ kp-[o-jvIp-am¿ K¿-`-{io-ams‚ Xn-c-°-Ybv-°v X-s‚ I-Ybp-am-bn km-ay-ap-s≠-∂v Btcm-]n-®v s^-^v-I-sbbpw s{]m-Uyq-tk-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j-s\-bpw k-ao-]n-®n-cp-∂p.

B-tcm-]-W-Øn¬ I-g-ºn-s√∂-Xn-\m¬ A-h¿ ]-cm-Xn X≈n-. Xp-S¿-∂v kp-[o-jv Pn-√m tIm-S-Xn-sb- k-ao-]n-®p. Xn-c°-Y-Iƒ c-≠pw ]-cn-tim-[n-®v km-ay-an-s√-∂v tIm-S-Xn hn-ebn-cp-Øn. Xp-S¿-∂v kn-\n-a-bpsS dn-eo-kn-Mv X-S-bm≥ sslt°m-S-Xn-sb k-ao-]n-®v tà hm-ßn. F-∂m-¬, Pn-√m tIm-SXn-°v A-©p-e-£w cq-] _m-¶v Kym-c‚n \¬-In Nn-{Xw dn-eo-kv sN-øm≥ ssl-t°m-S-Xn D-Øhn-´p. hm¿- Ø m- k - t Ω- f - \ - Ø n¬ kw-hn-[m-b-I≥ A-\n¬ tKm]n-\m-Yv, Xn-c-°-Ym-Ir-Øv kph-N≥, \-Sn Ku-cn-Ir-jv-W ]s¶-Sp-Øp.

I-bv-]-aw-K-ew (Xriq¿): Im-fap-dn-bn¬ bp-h-Xn sh-t´-‰p a-cn® tIkn¬ `¿-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-≥ A-d-Ãn¬. ]-≈n-∏-d-ºn¬ C-kvam-Cu¬(40) B-Wv A-d-Ãn-emb-Xv. k-tlm-Z-c≥ C-kv-lm-Jen-bp-sS `m-cy Pm-kv-an-\m(38)Wv C-kv-am-Cuen-s‚ sh-t´-‰v acn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw cm-hnse H-º-tXm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. H-fn-hn¬t]m-b {]-Xn sIm-Sp-ß√q¿ t]m-en-kn¬ Io-g-S-ßp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kn.sF sI sP ]o‰-dpw kw-L-hpw C-bm-fp-sS A-dÃv tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn. {]-Xn-bpw sIm-√-s∏-´ Pm-kvan-\pw \m-fp-I-fm-bn X¿°-Ønem-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-\nsS th-en sI-´p-∂-Xn-\n-sS s]-s´-∂p-≠m-

C-kv-am-Cu¬ b X¿-°-am-Wv sIme-bn¬ Iem-in-®-sX-∂pw {]-Xn t]m-enkn-t\m-Sp k-Ω-Xn-®p. th-en sI´m\m-bn X-dn-Iƒ sh-´m≥ I-cpXn-b I-ØnsIm≠mWv {]-Xn Pmkvans\ IpØn-b-Xv.

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: am-\m-dn ]m-d-a-S-bn-te-°v Sn-∏¿ tem-dn adn-™p Im-Wm-Xm-b _w-Kmƒ kz-tZ-in-bp-sS ar-XtZ-lw I-s≠-Øn. sIm¬-°-Ø kz-tZ-in sk-bvZp¬(24)s‚ ar-X-tZ-l-am-Wv C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s®-h-sc \o-≠ Xn-c-®n-en¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. _m-_p aq-hm-‰p-]p-g ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kn-s‚ kv-Iq-_m So-apw sN-dp-tXm-Wn-: a-cn-bm-]pcw Ip-f-Øn-\m¬ _m-_p B-ep-h-bn¬ \n-s∂-Øn-b ap-߬ hn-Z-Kv-[-cpw kwbp-‡-am-bn \-S-Øn-b Xn-c-®n-en¬ ]p-e¿-s® 2.45HmtXm-a-kv(64) . kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v aqsS ar-X-tZ-lw I-c-s°-Sp-Ø-Xv. tem-dn a-dn-™ ÿ∂n-\v a-cn-bm-]p-cw sk-‚ v e-Øp-\n-∂m-Wv ap-߬ hn-Z-Kv-[¿ ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠ta-cn-kv tZ-hm-e-b-Øn¬. Øn-b-Xv. aq-hm-‰p-]p-g P-\.B-i-p-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv`m-cy-: sk-en≥ tPm-k-^v ‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ sh-≈n-emw-I-≠w s]-cn{^o-k-dn¬ kq-£n-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. b-Øv Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw.- a_p-[-\m-gv-N D-®-I-gn-™v 3.15\m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I°-ƒ-: tPm-_n, Pn-_n, Sw. am-\m-dn ]m-d-a-S-bn-se ln-‰m-®n-bp-sS k-lm-bnsse-_n. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: _nbm-b sk-bv-Zp¬ a-g-s]-bv-X-t∏mƒ k-ao-]-Øp-In-SPp Ip-Ø-\m-]n-≈n¬, ∂ Sn-∏¿ tem-dn-bn¬ I-b-dn-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. _n-Pn hm-g-∏-\m-Sn-bn¬. tem-dn D-cp-≠v \q-d-Sn Xm-gv-N-bn¬ sh-≈w \n-d-™pIn-S-°p-∂ ]m-d-a-S-bn-te-°v a-dn-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ip-ª-Ðp-à Ip-‰ym-Sn: ss]-°-f-ßm-Sn ssh-Io-t´m-sS tem-dn s{I-bn≥ D-]-tbm-Kn-®p I-c-°pa-W-°-c A-Ω-Zv-ap-kveym- I-b-‰n-sb-¶n-epw sk-bv-Zp-en-s\ I-s≠-Øm-\m-bn-√. cp-sS a-I≥ Ip-™-–p-√ a-Wn-°q-dp-Iƒ \o-≠ Zp-jv-I-c-am-b Xn-c-®n-en-em-Wv (44). `m-cy: sk-bv-\. aI-√p-Iƒ \n-d-™ ]m-d-a-S-bn¬-\n-∂pw ar-X-tZ-lw I°ƒ: a-bn-Pp-_, ap-^o-Z, s≠-Sp-°m-\m-b-Xv. an≥-lm-Pv, k-l-e.

20 e-£-¯n-sâ kzÀ-Ww ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn I-cn-∏q¿: F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-®p-I-S-Øn-b 20 e-£-Øn-s‚ 699 {Kmw kz¿-Ww F-b¿ I-Ãw-kv C‚-en-P≥-kv ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn. C-∂-se tZm-l-bn¬-\n-∂v F-b¿C-¥ym F-Iv-kv-{]- v hnam-\-Øn¬ I-cn-∏q-cn-se-Øn-b sIm-Sp-h-≈n h-en-b-]-d-ºv ap-lΩ-Zv a≥-kq-dn(32)¬- \n-∂m-Wp Ch ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n-\p-≈nse _m-‰-dn-bp-sS ÿm-\-Øv 24 I- j - W - ß - f m- ° n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p kz¿-W-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. F-Ivkv-td ]-cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ kw-ibwtXm-∂n A-[n-Ir-X¿ ]-cntim-[n-®-t∏m-gm-Wp kz-¿-Ww Is≠-Øn-b-Xv.

sIm-®n: tdm-Uv ap-dn-®p I-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ Hm-t´m dn-£ C-Sn-®p hr-≤ a-cn-®p. C-S-∏-f-fn kz-tZ-in-\n hn-Pb-Ip-am-cn(72)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11 HmsS C-S-∏-f-fn N-ß-ºp-g ]m¿-°n-\v k-ao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ hn-P-b-Ip-am-cn-sb D-S≥ X-s∂ k-ao-]-sØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m≥ I-gn-™n-√.

Im-Wm-Xm-b aÂ-ky-sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw I-s−-¯n

ssh-∏n≥: a¬-ky- _-‘-\-Øn-\n-sS ^n-jnw-Kv t_m´n¬ \n-∂pw I-S-en¬ sX-dn-®v ho-Wv Im-Wm-Xm-b a¬ky-sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Øn.]-≈n-∏pdw am-Wn-_-km¿ I-f-ß-c tPm¨(53)s‚ ar-X-tZ-l-amWv C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v B-e-∏p-g tXm-´-∏n-≈n `m-K-Øv I-S-en¬ sh-®v I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. I-gn-™ 30 \v cm-hn-se s]m-∂m-\n `m-K-Øv a¬-ky-_-‘-\-Øn-\n-sS- I-S-en¬ sX-dn-®v ho-Wm-Wv tPm-Wn-s\- Im-Wm-Xm-b-Xv. ar-X-tZlw C-t∏mƒ B-e-∏p-g sa-Un-°¬-tIm-tf-Pv B-ip-]{Xn-bn-te-°v am-‰n. -I-gn-™ 28 \v cm-{Xn ap-\-ºw Xp-d-apJ-Øv \n-∂pw a-¬-ky-_-‘-\-Øn-\v t]m-b a-™p-amX F-∂ t_m-´n-se sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-Wv tPm¨.-ap-\-ºw ]-S-am-´p-Ω¬ hn-\o-jn-t‚-Xm-Wv t_m-´v.-

sI.F-kv.C._n. Km-Uv-KnÂ: tIm¬-{K-Ên-\pw IcmÀ Po-h-\-¡m-c³ kn.]n.F-½n-\pw \n-e-]m-Sv t¡-äp a-cn-¨p B-e-Øq¿: sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂am-tä-−-Xm-bn h-cpw: ]n Sn tXm-a-kv tjmXn-\n-sS sI.F-kv.C._n. I-cm¿ B-ep-h: Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´ns\ F-Xn¿-°p-∂ \n-e-]m-Sn¬ \n-∂p kn.]n.Fw., tIm¨-{K-kv Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈ ap-Jym-[m-cm cm{„o-b ]m¿-´n-Iƒ-°v C-∂-s√¶n¬ \m-sf ]n-∑m-td-≠n-h-cp-sa∂v ap≥ Fw.]n. ]n Sn tXm-a-kv. B-ep-h ]-cn-ÿn-Xn kw-c-£W-kw-L-Øn-s‚ `q-anan-{X ]p-ckv-Im-cw P-Ãn-kv sI kp-Ip-am-c\n¬ \n-∂v G-‰p-hm-ßn kw-kmcn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ F∂pw F-Xn¿-°p-∂-h-sc N-cn{Xw N-h‰p-Ip´-bn-te-°p X-≈psa-∂ Im-cy-Øn¬ kw-i-bw th≠. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ A-

\p-Iq-en-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cn¬ h-f-sctb-sd {]-bm-k-߃ hy-‡n-]c-am-bn X-\n-°p t\-cn-tS-≠n-hs∂-¶n-epw C-Xn¬ Zp-xJ-an-√. ]›n-a-L-´-a-e-\n-c-Iƒ C-t∏mƒ kw-c-£n-°m≥ I-gn-™n-s√¶n¬ ]n-∂o-Sv H-cn-°-epw I-gn-bn√. C-Sp-°n-bpƒ-s∏-sS G-Xm\pw Pn-√-I-fn-se I¿-j-I-sc _m-[n-°p-∂ {]-iv-\-߃ am-{Xam-bn C-Xn-s\ ]-cn-an-X-s∏-SpØ-cp-sX∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d™p. N-S-ßn¬ A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv Fw.F¬.F., Nn-∂≥ sI ss]\m-S-Øv, kn B¿ \o-e-I-WvT≥, C-kv-abn¬ kw-km-cn-®p.

Po-h-\-°m-c≥ tjm-t°-‰p a-cn®p. B-eØq¿ _m-¶vtdm-Uv ]-d-°p∂w c-¶-s‚ aI≥ Ip-©pth-e≥ (42) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. F-cn-a-bq¿ tXm-´p-]me-sØ- k-ao-]-sØ t]m-kv-‰n¬ sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bmWv kw-`-hw. D-S≥ B-e-Øq-cnse B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw a-c-n-®p. `m-cy: kp-kv-an-X. a-°ƒ: B-cy, A-Jn-e, A-RvP\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ir-jv-W≥.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

ap-l-½-Zv C-kv-am-bnÂ

\-S-cm-P³ B-Nm-cn

hÂ-k-e

Im-™n-c-∏-≈n : P-am-AsØ C-kv-em-an ap≥ {]-tZin-I A-ao-dpw dn-´-tb¿-Uv A-[ym-]-I-\p-am-b X-e-∏≈n-bn¬ Sn ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv Ckv-am-bn¬ lm-Pn (69). J_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn.- `m-cy: sse-e. ta-Ø-cp-ho-´n¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw. a-°-ƒ: kn-dmPv,\-Pv-an(F≥.-F-®v.-bp.-]n.F-kv Im-™n-c-∏-≈n), apl-Ω-Zv \-Zo¿ (sI.-F-kv.C._n I-f-a-t»-cn), ap-l-ΩZv A-kv-ew (C-¥y≥ Fw-_kn kv-Iqƒ ^p-ssP-d) A\o-kv, ssk-\-_p (Ãm-^v \-gv-kv ku-Zn). a-cp-a-°-ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ I-cow (am-[y-aw _n-kn-\-kv F-Iv-kn-Iyq-´nhv) a-kq-Zv (ku-Zn) , j-lo\, sj-an, ^u-kn, P-kn-b.

B-e-∏p-g: hn-Zym-`ym-k h-Ip-∏v dn-´. Po-h-\-°mc≥ hm-S-bv-°¬ sF-izcy-bn¬ \-S-cm-P≥ B-Nmcn (76). `m-cy: I-\-I-Ω. a°ƒ: tkm-a-cm-P≥, k\¬-Ip-am¿, kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿ (aq-h-cpw Kƒ-^v), kPn, dm-Wn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: joP, an-\n, tc-Wp-I, l-cnIp-am¿. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-°v 12\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: sN-ßm-eq¿ ]-d-ºn-°m-´n¬ cm-a-Ir-jvW≥ `m-cy h¬-k-e(65). kw-kv-Im-cw sh-≈n-bm-gv® ssh-Io-´v B-dn-\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: c-P-\n, A-ºn-fn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kptc-jv, i-in.

_m-_p

N-ß-¶-cn: \m-ep-]p-c-bv°¬ _m-_p sI -B¿ (54). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: Hm-a-\. a-°ƒ: _n-¶p, A-\p, Nn-∏n. a-cp-aI≥: {io-Pn-Øv .

th-em-bp-[³ A-ßm-Sn-∏p-dw: tZ-isØ X-´m≥ F-∂-dn-bs∏-´n-cp-∂ A-ßm-Sn-∏pdw ap-Xp-h-d-]-d-ºn¬ them-bp-[≥ (95). `m-cy: ]mdp-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: _m-eIr-jv-W≥, k-c-kz-Xn, P\m¿-±-\≥, kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿, N-{μn-I, cm-P≥, A\n¬-Ip-am¿, cm-tP-jv.

tZ-h-Inap-l-Ω: ]-´-W-°m-Sv sNdp-am-´p-sh-fn-bn¬ tZ-h-In (78). a-°ƒ: tc-h-Ω, kp-[¿-a, kp-j-a, ]-tc-X-\m-b _m_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-Xy-{hX≥, F≥ X-¶-∏≥ (ap-lΩ km-aq-ln-Im-tcm-Ky tI-{μw), P-b-em¬.

Ip-ªm-bn-i ]-∂n-t°m-´q¿: tIm-tdmØp-Ip-∂p-Ω¬ ]-tc-X\m-b a-Ωp-hn-s‚ `m-cy Ip-™m-bn-i (83). a°ƒ: A-–p-¿d-lvam≥, B-en, A-–p¬ A-kokv, B-bn-i, k-^n-b, ssk-\-_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_q-_-°¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, tIm-b-°p-´n.

A-¶-½-

_m-_p

C-Sp-°n-: hm-g-tØm-∏v ]c-Ø-\m¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm-k-^n-s‚ `m-cy A∂-Ω-(81). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 10-\v hm-gtØm-∏v sk-‚ v tPm¿-Pv I-Øo-{U¬ ]-≈n-bn¬. a-°ƒ-: sk-_m-kv-‰y≥, kn-kv-‰¿ h-μ-\-(F-kv.-Fkv.-]n.-F-kv sIm¬-°Ø),A-K-kv-‰y≥-(dn-´.sl-Uv-am-kv-‰¿), ^m. tPm-kv ]-c-Ø-\m¬-(kn.Fw.-kn.-sF), B≥-k-Ω(Im¬-h-cn kv-Iqƒ Im¬h-cn-au-≠v), ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm¿-Pv. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: t{Kkn ]o-Sn-I-a-e-, tdm-kn-en a-e-am-°¬, cm-P≥ h¿Ko-kv(dn-´. ]-©m-b-Øv sk-{I-´-dn).

sN-dp-tXm-Wn-: a-cn-bm-]pcw Ip-f-Øn-\m¬ _m-_p tXm-a-kv(64) . kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v aq∂n-\v a-cn-bm-]p-cw sk-‚ v ta-cn-kv tZ-hm-e-b-Øn¬. `m-cy-: sk-en≥ tPm-k-^v sh-≈n-emw-I-≠w s]-cnb-Øv Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw.- a°-ƒ-: tPm-_n, Pn-_n, sse-_n. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: _nPp Ip-Ø-\m-]n-≈n¬, _n-Pn hm-g-∏-\m-Sn-bn¬.

06 Pq¨ 2014 sh≈n

bp-hm-hn-s\ tXm-«n a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn I-s−-¯n

i-in-[-c³-

aq-e-a-‰w-: dn-´. sI-Fkv-C-t_m-¿-Uv D-tZymK-kv-Y≥- - In-g-t°-awK-e-Øv i-in-[-c≥- Iøm-e-]-d-ºn¬ (65). kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v D®-°v c-≠n-\p ho-´p-hf-∏n¬ . `m-cy- th-ßp¿- Im™n-en-]-Sn-™m-sdho-´n¬- P-e-P-Ip-am-cn-. a-°ƒ-: i-c-Xv Ip-am¿(t^m-°-kv tam-t´m¿Ip-ª-Ðp-Ã kv sIm-®n-), cm-tP-jv Ip-‰ym-Sn: ss]-°-f-ßm-Sn Ip-am¿- (_-l-dn≥-), a-W-°-c A-Ω-Zv-ap-kveym- k-Pn-Xv Ip-am¿- (Ip-Scp-sS a-I≥ Ip-™-–p-√ b-Øp¿- ]-©m-b(44). `m-cy: sk-bv-\. a°ƒ: a-bn-Pp-_, ap-^o-Z, Øv). a-cp-a-°ƒ- :kn\p, cm-Jn- . an≥-lm-Pv, k-l-e.

I-Sp-Øp-cp-Øn: bp-hm-hn-s\ tdm-U-cn-In-se ssI tXm-´n¬ a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. tIm-X-\-√q¿ Xq-ºp-¶¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b hn-iz-\m-Y-s‚ a-I≥ hn-\p (31) hm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se \m-´p-Im-cm-Wv tIm-X-\-√q¿ I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]-sØ ap-b-‰n¬ ]me-tØm-Sv tN¿-∂p tXm-´n¬ a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. ssI-øn¬ sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wpw Im-ep-IIm-fn-b-½mÄ sXm-Sp-]p-g: am-cn-bn¬ ]- fn¬ sN-cp-∏p-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ssh-°w kn.sF \n¿a¬ t_m-kv, I-Sp-Øp-cp-Øn F-k.v-sF Fw F-kv tc-X-\m-b ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ B-Nm-cn-bp-sS `m-cy Imjm-P-lm≥ F-∂n-h-cp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ t]m-en-kv fn-b-Ωmƒ (90). kw-kvÿ-e-sØ-Øn ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p. kw-`Im-cw C-∂v D-®-°p c-≠n- h-Øn¬ Zp-cq-l-X D-s≠-∂ kw-i-b-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v \p ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: hn-c-e-S-bm-f hn-Z-K-≤-cpw A-Ωm-fp, A-Ωn-Wn, ]-tc- t^m-d≥-kn-°pw ÿ-eX-\m-b \m-cm-b-W≥,Hm- sØ-Øn sX-fn-hp-Iƒ a-\.a-cp-a-°ƒ : a-Wn,c-Xv\-Ω , ]-tc-X-cm-b th-em- ti-J-cn-®p. Xp-S¿ A-t\zj-W-Øn¬ a-c-W-Øn¬ bp-[≥,tKm-]m-e-Ir-jvZp- c q- l - X - s bm- ∂ p- a n- s √W≥. ∂p sX-fn-™-Xm-bn t]men-kv ]-d-™p. _p-[-\m^m-¯n-am l-Öp-½ a-ºm-Sv: Hm-Sm-bn-°¬ ]gv-® cm-{Xn H-º-tXm-sS tc-X-\m-b F-S-Ø-Skp-lr-Øn-s\m-∏w temØn¬ Ip-™-e-hn lmdn-bn¬ apw-ss_-°v Hm-´w Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ^m-Øn-am t]m-hq-∂p-sh-∂v ]-d-™m-Wv hn-\p ho-´n¬ \n-∂pw l-÷p-Ω (68). a-°ƒ: ap- t]m-b-sX-∂pw k-tlm-Z-c-߃ t]m-en-kn-t\m-Sv ]-dl-Ω-Zv F-∂ _m-h, A™p. tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn_q-_-°¿. se t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw ho-´p-hf-∏n¬ kw-kv-I-cn-®p. ]-tc-X-bm-b tim-`-\-bm-Wv amXm-hv. hn-\o-Xv, hn-im-Jv F-∂n-h¿ k-tlm-Z-c-ß-fmWv.

\nÀ-¯n-bn-«n-cp-¶ tem-dn-¡v ]n-¶n a-]-s´-Wäm--°cpm-Stemdn-bn-Sn-¨v c-−pt]À a-cn-¨p v: tZ-io-b-]m-X-bn¬ \n¿-Øn-bn-´n-cp-∂

tPmÀ-Pv tXm-a-kv

ti-J-c³

Ìo-^³

am-Xyp Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

k®n-tXm-a-kv

Nmt¡m

Cu¸³

Xn-S-\m-Sv: tIm-°m-´v tPm¿-Pv tXm-a-kv (tIm-°mS≥ ˛58). kw-kv-Im-cw \msf cm-hn-se 10.30 \v I∏m-Sv am¿-«o-hm-]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: eu-en, Im-fsI-´n Im-°-√n¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: Nn-∂p ( ku-Zn), Nm-cp.

Nm-h-°m-Sv-: H-cp-a-\-bq¿ hn-√yw-kv- ta-∏p-d-Øv- tiJ-c≥(69). `m-cy: hn-tim-Zc. a-°ƒ: ko-a, iymwem¬, tkm-Wn-tamƒ. acp-a-I≥: _m-_p-cm-Pv (JØ¿).

D-g-hq¿: B-\m-en¬ F sI Ão-^≥(F-Ø-s°m®v ˛85). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n∂o-Sv. `m-cy: Nn-∂-Ω, Ab¿-°p-∂w ]q-th-en¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: tPm-bn, jo-e (C-cp-h-cpw bp.F-kv.F), k-Æn (tem-°¬ sk-{I-´-dn kn.]n.sF D-g-hq¿). a-cpa-°ƒ: a-dn-bm-Ω, kn-knen, tXm-a-kv.

X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv: X-e∏m-d ]m-e-®p-h-´n¬ amXyp-Ip-cym-t°m-kv (Ip´n-t®-´≥ ˛84). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 2.30 \v X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv ]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv X-øn¬ t{X-kym-Ω. a°ƒ:tPm-bn, kn-kn-‰¿ kn-kn-en, a-dn-bm-Ω, k-Pn, cm-Pp, tXm-a-kv, X-¶-®≥, tSm-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ:^n-en-∏v, tagv-kn, do-\, Ip-™ptamƒ, sIm-®p-dm-Wn, Zo-]. ]-tc-X-bm-b h¬k-Ω.

a√∏≈n: ]m-e-°m-aÆnem-b Iq-S-Øpw-ap-dnbn¬ kÆn-tPm-a-kv(55). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf sshIo´v 2.30\v a-Wn-a-e Xn-cplr-Z-b-]-≈n-bn¬. `mcy: B≥-kn(]n.F-®v.kn. a°-∏pg). a-Wn-a-e Ip-Snbn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. a°ƒ: k-®n≥, km\n.

Xn-cph√: Nm-ض-cn aWn-bm-∏-d-ºnem-b I-cpam-Sn-®n-d-bn¬ sI kn Nmt°m (67). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂oSv. `mcy: B\n. a°ƒ: _n\p, _n-Pp,knt\mkv. a-cp-a°ƒ: sP n, Pn≥kn, tPm-tamƒ.

Xn-cph√: tIm-bn{]w sN-º-\m¬ tbm-l∂m≥ Cu-∏≥ (84). kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 11.30\v tIm-bn{]w sk‚ v ]o-t‰-gv-kv ae-¶c I-tØm-en-° ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: Ip™-Ω. a°ƒ: s]m∂-Ω, kqkn, ]-tcX\m-b Ip-™p-tam≥. acp-a°ƒ: cmP≥, km_p.

X-¦-a-Wn-b-½ Im-´m-°-S: I-≈n-°m-Sv s]-cn-™mw-I-S-hv e-£van \n-e-b-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-™p-Ir-jv-W-]n≈-bp-sS `m-cy X-¶-a-Wnb-Ω (75). a-°ƒ: kp-\n¬ Ip-am¿, {io-e-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-PnX-Ip-am-cn, am-[-h≥-Ip-´n \m-b¿.

B-bn-im-_n sN-dp-h-Æq¿: tIm-´-em-S ]-tc-X-\m-b ta-S-∏-d-ºn¬ sk-bv-Xm-en-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-im-_n (66). a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ \-Po-_v, A-_vZp¬ hm-ln-Zv (C-cp-h-cpw _n-kn-\-kv), kp-l-dm_n, k-°o-\, sj-l¿_m-\p, k-^n-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: tIm-b (A-c-°nW¿), a-Po-Zv (bp.F.C), jw-kp-±o≥.

_m-e-Ir-j-vW-¡p-dp-¸v Ip-‰ym-Sn: N-ß-cw-Ip-fw bp.]n kv-Iqƒ dn-´. A[ym-]-I≥ F-S-Øn-°≠n _m-e-Ir-jv-W-°p-dp∏v (85). `m-cy: hn-P-b-e£v-an.

Ip-ª-½-Zv hm-Wn-ta¬: sN-∂m-´v Ip-™-Ω-Zv (95). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: Ip-™-–p-√, aq , sam-bv-Xp, B-en-lk≥, l-eo-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xp, ]mØp, k-^n-b, B-bn-i, dm-_n-b.

`m-kv-¡-c³ F-S-∏m-ƒ: h-t∂-cn sNdm-bn¬ kn sI `m-kv-°c≥ (67). X-´m≥ k¿-hokv skm-ssk-‰n F-S∏mƒ bq-\n-‰v c-£m-[nIm-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: c-a-Wn. a-°ƒ: e¬-kn, c-Rv-Pn-X, c-ay. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-tP-jv (JØ¿), c-ta-iv.-

sN-dn-bm³ ]-´n-°m-Sv: Ip-dp-a-‰-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]u-tem-kv a-I≥ sN-dn-bm≥(63). `m-cy: t{K-kn. a-°ƒ: t•m-dn, tKm-Uv-en.

tem-dn-°v ]n-∂n¬ a-s‰m-cp tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v c-≠p t]¿ a-cn-®p. ]-´-W-°m-Sv an¬-a ^m-Œ-dn-°p k-ao-]w C-∂se ]p-e¿-s® 2.30Hm-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. Xr-iq¿ sIm-c-´n Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p-∂v ]m-em-´n lu-kn¬ t]m-fnNm-¡p-®n s‚ a-I≥ sk-_n t]mƒ(46), sh-kv-‰v _w-Kmƒ I√n-ticn: I√n-ti-cn Pp¬-ss]-Kp-cn Pn-√-bn¬ I¬-®n-\n-d-bn-©v hn-t√No-c≥-kv ho-´n¬ kn sF Nm-°p-Æn(83). kw- Pn¬ \n-a-Xn t^m-d-kv-‰n¬ a¿-®-bv-s‚ a-I≥ cm-tLkv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v jv d-∫ (33) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ ap-∂n-\v D-a-bm-‰p-I-c H-cmƒ-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. sk‚ v tXma-kv Hm¿Ø- tIm-gn-bp-am-bn-t∏m-b tem-dn-bp-sS ]n-∂n¬ a-s‰m-cptUm-Iv-kv h-enb ]-≈n tem-dn C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ss{U-h¿ sIm-S-I-c sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: kz-tZ-in {]-kq¨(26)s\ ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS tN¿-Øam¿-Ø(t_-_n). Ip-∂e-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. Ip-fw Ip-Øq¿ Ip-SpwF-d-Wm-Ip-f-Øp-\n-∂v B-e-∏p-g `m-K-tØ-°p t]m_mw-K-amWv. a-°ƒ: P∂n(B-kv-t{X-enb), s_- hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p C-cp tem-dn-I-fpw. ]-´-W-°m-Sv Fkv.sF. F A-_q-_-°-dn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-ep-≈ ‰vkn, tkm^n. a-cpt]m-en-kv kw-L-hpw tN¿-Ø-e-bn¬-\n-∂v A-·n-ia°ƒ: Ip-cy≥ tPm¨(B-kv-t{Xenb), a-\ tk-\-bp-w \m-´p-Im-cp-w tN¿-∂m-Wv c-£m-{]-h¿A-\n¬ sN√m´v, tImin. Ø-\w \-S-Øn-b-Xv. tem-dn-bp-sS Im-_n≥ sh-´n-s∏mfn-®m-Wv C-cp-h-sc-bpw ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v ]mt¯ma tN¿-Ø-e-bn-se kzm-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p ap≠-°¬: ]md-t∏sIm-≠p t]m-sb-¶n-epw a-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tN¿ßm´v ]mtØma (70) . Ø-e Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv-‰p-am-¿-´w \a°ƒ: tam\p-±o≥, S-Øn ar-X-tZ-l-߃ _-‘p-°ƒ-°p hn-´p sIm-Sp^mØna. Øp.

aÂ-ky-_-Ô-\-¯n-\n-sS Ip-g-ªp-ho-W sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-¨p c-a-Wn

k-tcm-Pn-\n-b-½

A-\nÂ-Ip-amÀ

e-fn-X

ao-\m-£n-b-½

X-¦-¸³

k-tcm-Pn-\n

ku-Zm-an-\n-b-½

\-K-cq¿: sIm-Sp-h-g-∂q¿ ]-¥p-hn-f-°p-gn-bn¬ ho´n¬ {]-Xm-]-s‚ `m-cy c-aWn (45). a-°ƒ: c-ay, A]¿-W. a-cp-a-I≥: l-cn-Zmkv.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]-dºp-ap-°n¬ cm-L-h-hnem-k-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb cm-L-h≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy sI k-tcm-Pn-\n-bΩ (78). a-°ƒ: a-t\m-l-c≥ \mb¿, _m-lp-te-b≥ \mb¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b c-Lph-c≥ \m-b¿, D-Æn-Irjv-W≥ \m-b¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: sI e-£v-ao-tZ-hn, P-b-e-£v-an, {io-tZ-hn.

I-g-°q-´w: I-g-°q-´w Ipan-gn-°-c jo-Pm `-h-\n¬ A-\n¬-Ip-am¿. `m-cy: Hma-\. a-°ƒ: jo-P, jo-_. a-cp-a-I≥: k-Xn.

In-fn-am-\q¿: Xp-≠n¬°-S jo-em `-h-\n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]n sI k-Zmin-h-s‚ `m-cy e-fn-X (77). a-°-ƒ: A-P-b≥, jo-e (d-_¿ -t_m¿-Uv), kp-[o¿ (sIm-ta-gv-ky¬ Sm-Iv-kv), tUm. _n-μp. acp-a-°ƒ: t{K-kn, tUm. tam-l≥-Zm-kv, A-Uz. ip-`, tUm. kp-tc-jv.

\-K-cq¿: tXm-´-bv-°m-Sv tIm-W-Øv ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b {io-[c-°p-dp-∏n-s‚ `m-cy ao\m-£n-b-Ω (78). a-°ƒ: tKm-]n-∏n-≈, tKm-]m-e-°p-dp-∏v, ]-tcX-\m-b Xp-f-ko-[-c-°pdp-∏v. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: P-b-Ipam-cn, jo-e, kp-h¿-WIp-am-cn.

N-h-d: a-S-∏-≈n Ip-f-ß-c ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ X-¶-∏≥(89). `m-cy: tKm-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: X-¶-Ω, kp-tc-{μ≥, k-c-k-Ω, c-ho-{μ≥, ]-tcX-bm-b cm-P-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥, e-X, sI sP i-in-[-c≥, {io-eX, ]-tc-X-\m-b k-Zm-\μ≥.

im-kv-Xmw-tIm-´: ]-Sn™m-td-I-√-S sF-tØm´p-hm t]-cn-b-gn-I-Øv(F°w-ho-Sv)]-tc-X-\m-b kZm-in-h-s‚ `m-cy k-tcmPn-\n(90). a-°ƒ: im-¥-Ip-am-cn, AΩn-Wn, s]m-∂-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ≥, cm-[mIr-jv-W≥.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sN-dnb-sIm-Æn a-W-ºq-cv Aiz-Xn `-h-\n¬ ku-Zm-an\n-b-Ω (65). k-tlm-Zc≥: _n c-ho-{μ≥ \mb¿.

kp-l-d l-Öp-½

I-eym-Wn A-½

kp-[m-IÀ tj-Wm-bn

^m-¯n-a-

Im-™-ßm-Sv: \-K-c-Ønse B-Zy-Im-e io-Xf]m-\o-b D-¬-∏m-Z-\ Iº-\n D-S-a-I-fn-sem-cm-fmb Im-™-ßm-s´ sI kp-[m-I¿ tj-Wm-bn (66).

Xp-Δq¿: sX-°pw-]p-dsØ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-∂Øv sam-bv-Xp-´n-bp-sS `mcy ^m-Øn-a (75). a°ƒ: A-–p¬ P-eo¬, J-Zo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _pjv-d, bq-\-kv.

C-cn-°q¿: Iq-cm-cn ]p-Xnb-]p-c- sam-bn-e-Øv ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX-°pºm-Øv ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `mcy ]n Fw kp-l-d l÷p-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: jp°q¿ (td-j≥ Uo-e¿, Ccn-°q¿), A-–¬ -d-kmJv, lp-k-bv≥ lm-Pn.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: D-Zn-\q-cnse ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-cam-cm-dp-sS `m-cy hn hn Ieym-Wn A-Ω (87). a°ƒ: _m-_p-cm-Pv, ]fln-\n, t_-_n Kn-cn-P. acp-a-°ƒ: kp-{]-`, ]-tcX-\m-b {io-[-c-am-cm¿.

am-ap C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g Kh. bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p kao-]w sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv lu-kn¬ th-en-°-IØv am-ap (82). C-cn-°q-dnse ]-g-b-Im-e I-S-e hym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv ssk\-_. a-°ƒ: kp-l-d, Ip¬-kp-Ω, l-^v-k-Øv, d-jo-Z, ap-\o-d, sam-bvXo≥ Ip-´n (Kƒ-^v).

tKm-]m-e³ ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: A-cn-b√q¿ h-S-s° s\-t√-cn tKm-]m-e≥ (76). `m-cy: kp-io-e. a-Iƒ: in¬-∏.

C-kv-a-bnÂ-Ip-«n C-√n-°¬: I-e-b-t¶-cnbn¬ C-kv-a-bn¬-Ip-´n (85). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v Xm-g-Øßm-Sn PpapA a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\¬. a-°ƒ: A-–p-¬ A-ko-kv (kuZn), A-_q-_-°¿, B-an\, sse-e, ^m-Øn-a _ohn, jo-_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jm-lp¬ l-ao-Zv, \ujm-Zv, jm-Pn. P-eo¬, sF-j, sd-Po-\.

i-in-I-e -Ip-am-cn

tZ-h-In-b-½

a-kq-Zv

I-a-e-½

^m-¯n-am- Ip-ªv

A-¸p-¡p-«³ \m-bÀ

hn-im-em-£n

]m-∏-\w-tIm-Sv: πm-¶m-eap-°v hn.F-kv `-h-\n¬ hn-P-b-Ip-am-dn-s‚ `m-cy i-in-I-e Ip-am-cn (40). a°-ƒ: A-\o-jv, A-`n-tjIv.

ITn-\w-Ip-fw: Nm-∂m-¶c h-S-t° Nm-∂m-¶-c lu-kn¬ tZ-h-In-b-Ω (78).

In-fn-am-\q¿: dn-´. slUv-am-Ã-dpw \m-S-I-\-S\pw hn¬-∏m-´v I-em-Im-c\p-am-b In-fn-an-\q¿ a-Wte-Øp-]-® sse-em hnem-k-Øn¬ a-kq-Zv (82).`m-cy: B-cn-^m-_ohn. a-°ƒ: jm-\-hm-kv, tkm-^n-bm-_o-Kw. a-cp-a°ƒ: jo-P, ap-l-Ω-Zv bq-k-^v (sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn, s\-Sp-aßm-Sv).

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: ]p-fn-amØv hn-P-bm a≥-kn-en¬ kp-Ip-am-c-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy I-a-e-Ω (76). a°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am-cn, hnP-b-Ip-am-cn, hn-iz-{]-`, hn-iz-e-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sI Pn-\-N-{μ≥ \m-b¿, F≥ hm-a-tZ-h≥ \m-b¿, sI hn-P-b≥ \m-b¿, B¿ t{]-a-N-{μ≥.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Xp-≠Øn¬ ]p-Xp-h¬-]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A_q-_-°¿ e-∫-bp-sS `mcy ^m-Øn-am-Ip-™v (85). a-°ƒ: kp-ss_¿-Ip-™v (k-em-e), kp-sse-am≥ (_n-kn-\-kv), B-cn-^m_o-hn, \p-ssk-^m-_o-hn, A-–p¬-d-jow (t]m-en-kv h-Ip-∏v), e-Øo-^m-_o-hn, A-–p¬-k-emw (k-em-e), _-Z-dp-±o≥ (k-em-e). a-cpa-°ƒ: A-–p¬ J-cow aue-hn N-h-d, Pm-kv-an≥, jmln-Zm-_o-hn, A-–p¬-dkm-Jv, \-ko-a (sS-Iv-\n°¬ F-Pyp-t°-j≥ hIp-∏v), kp-a-øm-_o-hn, P_o-\m-_o-hn. sN-º-g-¥n P-am-A-Øn¬ J-_-d-S-°n.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: t]mØ≥-tIm-Sv A-bn-cq-∏m-d Xn-∏-en-t°m-Ww {io-`-h\n¬ Sn sI A-∏p-°p-´≥ \m-b¿ (93). `m-cy: Ir-jvW-Ω. a-°ƒ: P-b-Ip-amcn, Kn-cn-P-Ip-am-cn, Ko-XIp-am-cn, A-Pn-X-Ip-am-cn, l-cn-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cLp-\m-Y≥ \m-b¿, ap-cfo-[-c≥ \m-b¿ (Ip-≠d), ap-c-fo-[-c≥ \m-b¿, kn-‘p-Ip-am-cn, ]-tc-X\m-b Xp-f-ko-[-c≥ \mb¿.

I-√-d: a-lm-tZ-h¿ ]-® N-cp-hn-f ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b P-\m¿-Z-\-s‚ `m-cy hn-im-em-£n (84). a°ƒ: cm-[, eo-e, cm-P≥ (I-√-d am¿-Øm-fi≥), km-º-≥, Hm-a-\, kp-tc{μ-\m-Yv, c-hn, a-[p-P-\m¿Z-\≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-Wp, ]-tc-X-\m-b iin-[-c≥, ]p-jv-]-h-√n, cmP-e-X, {]-k-∂≥, jo-e, kn-‘p, I-hn-X.

Pm-\I - n

X-¦½-

\o-te-iz-cw: tIm-fw-Ip-fØv Xm-ak - n-°p-∂ Cucm-´p-t]-´ I-fØ - q-°S- h - v h-cn-°m-\n-°¬ ho-´n¬ Pm-\I - n (98).

B-eØ - q¿: _m-¶v tdmUv ]-cp-h° - ¬ ]-tc-X\ - mb s]m-∂p-hn-s‚ `m-cy X¶-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: I-ae - w, ]-tc-X\ - m-b cm-a≥-Ip-´n.

kn-ÌÀ B³-s¢-bÀ N-ß-\m-t»-cn: sIm-√w A-©¬-tlm-fn- ^m-anen aTmw-K-hpw Ip-dn-®n Im-™n-c-Øp-aq-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-´-∏≥˛A®m-Ω Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-Ifp-am-b kn-ÿ B≥-s¢b¿ (A-Ωn-Wn ˛61). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v hm-g-∏-≈n \nXym-c-[m-\- aTw h-I sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

A-_q-_-¡À sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿: Ip∂n¬ kn-dm-Pp¬ D-epw a-Zv-d-k-°v k-ao-]-sØ sI A-_q-_-°¿ (66) `m-cy: \-_o-k. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v, \ujm-Zv, l¿-jm-°v, Bbn-j, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C-{_m-low, kp-a-ø. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ]-tc-X-cm-b A–p¬ -Jm-Z¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-–p¿d-lv-am≥, A∫m-kv, ^m-Øn-a.

\m-cm-b-W³ C-cn-´n: D-f-n-bn¬ h-´-°b-sØ ]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ Fw- ]n \m-cm-b-W≥ \ºym¿ (65). A-hn-hm-lnX-\m-Wv.

]u-tem-kv F-S° - c - : Xm-sg am-am-¶c s]-cp-º≈ - n-°p-t∂¬ ]u-tem-kv (53).- `m-cy: Fm-en-bm-Ω.- a-°ƒ: en-X t]mƒ, en-Pn t]mƒ, F¬-tZm-kv, en-\n t]mƒ. -

bp-h-Xn sh-t«-äp a-cn-¨ tIkv: hn-e-¡p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn-¨v "KÀ-`-{io-am³' Xn-tb-ä-dp-I-fn-te-¡v `À-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-³ A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sI.sP s{]m-U-£≥-kn-s‚ _m-\dn¬ {]-i-kv-X Om-bm-{Km-lI≥ A-\n¬ tKm-]n-\m-Yv kwhn-[m-\w sNøp∂ K¿-`-{ioam≥ -hn-e-°p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn®v Xntb-‰-dp-I-fn-te-°v. ]p-cpj≥ K¿-`w [-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂{]ta-b-Øn¬ \n¿an-°p∂ Nn{X-Øn-¬ kp-cm-Pv sh-™m-d-aqSv BWv \m-b-I≥. C-tX B-i-b-w Dƒ-s°m-≠v kn-\n-a-sbm-cp-°m≥ {i-an-®n-cp∂ kp-[o-jvIp-am¿ K¿-`-{io-ams‚ Xn-c-°-Ybv-°v X-s‚ I-Ybp-am-bn km-ay-ap-s≠-∂v Btcm-]n-®v s^-^v-I-sbbpw s{]m-Uyq-tk-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j-s\-bpw k-ao-]n-®n-cp-∂p.

B-tcm-]-W-Øn¬ I-g-ºn-s√∂-Xn-\m¬ A-h¿ ]-cm-Xn X≈n-. Xp-S¿-∂v kp-[o-jv Pn-√m tIm-S-Xn-sb- k-ao-]n-®p. Xn-c°-Y-Iƒ c-≠pw ]-cn-tim-[n-®v km-ay-an-s√-∂v tIm-S-Xn hn-ebn-cp-Øn. Xp-S¿-∂v kn-\n-a-bpsS dn-eo-kn-Mv X-S-bm≥ sslt°m-S-Xn-sb k-ao-]n-®v tà hm-ßn. F-∂m-¬, Pn-√m tIm-SXn-°v A-©p-e-£w cq-] _m-¶v Kym-c‚n \¬-In Nn-{Xw dn-eo-kv sN-øm≥ ssl-t°m-S-Xn D-Øhn-´p. hm¿- Ø m- k - t Ω- f - \ - Ø n¬ kw-hn-[m-b-I≥ A-\n¬ tKm]n-\m-Yv, Xn-c-°-Ym-Ir-Øv kph-N≥, \-Sn Ku-cn-Ir-jv-W ]s¶-Sp-Øp.

I-bv-]-aw-K-ew (Xriq¿): Im-fap-dn-bn¬ bp-h-Xn sh-t´-‰p a-cn® tIkn¬ `¿-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-≥ A-d-Ãn¬. ]-≈n-∏-d-ºn¬ C-kvam-Cu¬(40) B-Wv A-d-Ãn-emb-Xv. k-tlm-Z-c≥ C-kv-lm-Jen-bp-sS `m-cy Pm-kv-an-\m(38)Wv C-kv-am-Cuen-s‚ sh-t´-‰v acn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw cm-hnse H-º-tXm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. H-fn-hn¬t]m-b {]-Xn sIm-Sp-ß√q¿ t]m-en-kn¬ Io-g-S-ßp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kn.sF sI sP ]o‰-dpw kw-L-hpw C-bm-fp-sS A-dÃv tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn. {]-Xn-bpw sIm-√-s∏-´ Pm-kvan-\pw \m-fp-I-fm-bn X¿°-Ønem-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-\nsS th-en sI-´p-∂-Xn-\n-sS s]-s´-∂p-≠m-

C-kv-am-Cu¬ b X¿-°-am-Wv sIme-bn¬ Iem-in-®-sX-∂pw {]-Xn t]m-enkn-t\m-Sp k-Ω-Xn-®p. th-en sI´m\m-bn X-dn-Iƒ sh-´m≥ I-cpXn-b I-ØnsIm≠mWv {]-Xn Pmkvans\ IpØn-b-Xv.

20 e-£-¯n-sâ kzÀ-Ww ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn I-cn-∏q¿: F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-®p-I-S-Øn-b 20 e-£-Øn-s‚ 699 {Kmw kz¿-Ww F-b¿ I-Ãw-kv C‚-en-P≥-kv ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn. C-∂-se tZm-l-bn¬-\n-∂v F-b¿C-¥ym F-Iv-kv-{]- v hnam-\-Øn¬ I-cn-∏q-cn-se-Øn-b sIm-Sp-h-≈n h-en-b-]-d-ºv ap-lΩ-Zv a≥-kq-dn(32)¬- \n-∂m-Wp Ch ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n-\p-≈nse _m-‰-dn-bp-sS ÿm-\-Øv 24 I- j - W - ß - f m- ° n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p kz¿-W-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. F-Ivkv-td ]-cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ kw-ibwtXm-∂n A-[n-Ir-X¿ ]-cntim-[n-®-t∏m-gm-Wp kz-¿-Ww Is≠-Øn-b-Xv.

k-Xo-tZ-hn B-cy-\m-Sv: tIm-´-bv-°Iw t]-gpw-I-´-bv-°m¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sSbn-e¿ kp-μ-tc-i-s‚ `mcy k-Xo-tZ-hn (80). a°ƒ: kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, ]tc-X-\m-b k-t¥m-jv-Ipam¿, km-_p, k-Pn, kpj-a, kp-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]ao-f, {io-tZ-hn, ko-a, Bi, A-tim-I≥, lm-jnw. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hnse 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

tN¿-Ø-e: a¬-ky-_-‘-\-Øn-\n-sS Ip-g-™p-ho-W sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-®p. tN¿-Ø-e sX-°v ]-©m-b-Øv 17mw hm¿-Uv am-fn-tb-°¬ B‚-Wn(51)bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se A¿-Øp-¶¬ Xo-c-Øm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. \-Sp-°-S-en¬ a¬-ky-_-‘-\-Øn-\n-sS Ipg-™p-ho-gp-I-bpw Xp-S¿-∂v h-≈-Øn-se a-‰v sXm-gn-emfn-Iƒ tN¿-∂v I-c-bv-s°-Øn-s®-¶n-epw a-cn-®p. `m-cy: A-K-Ão-\m-Ω. a-°ƒ: hn-\o-Xv, ta-cn-tamƒ.

kv-Iq-«-dpw Hm-t«m-bpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨p _w-KmÄ kz-tZ-in a-cn-¨p

tIm-´-bw: tIm-´-bw-˛-Ip-a-fn tdm-Un¬ h-S-hm-Xq-cn\p-k-ao-]w sF-tc-‰p-\-S-bn¬ kv-Iq-´-dpw Hm-t´m-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®p ]-›n-a-_w-Kmƒ kz-tZ-in-bm-b sXm-gnem-fn a-cn-®p. k-l-bm-{Xn-I-\p ]-cn-t°-‰p. _w-Km-fnse `-c-Xv-hm≥ Pn-√-bn¬ sa-Ωm-dn kz-tZ-in-bm-b Akn-^v lp-ssk-\m(18)Wp a-cn-®-Xv. s]-cn-ß-√q¿ Icn-h-Øn¬ _n-\p(45)hn-s\ Kp-cp-X-c ]-cn-t°m-sS tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®p. B-im-cn-∏-Wn \-S-Øn-bn-cp-∂ C-cp-hcpw D-®-`-£-Ww I-gn-°m≥ kv-Iq-´n-dn¬ t]m-Iptºm-gm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. a-W¿-Im-Sv t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

Hm-Sn-s¡m-−n-cp-¶- Hm-t«m-dn-£-bp-sSap-I-fn-te-¡v- sX-§v- ho-Wv- ss{U-hÀa-cn-¨p

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´-:- Hm-Sn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂- Hm-t´m-dn-£-bp-sSap-I-fn-te-°v- sX-ßv- I-S-]pgIn ho-Wv- ss{U-h¿- a-cn®p.- a-Æm-d-°p-f-™n- ]m-ºm-t°m-´v- h¿-Ko-kn-s‚- a-I≥ sN-dn-bm-≥ ]n- h¿-Ko-kv- (jn-t\m-Pv-˛-29)- B-Wv- a-cn®-Xv.- C∂-se ]p-e¿s® 4.-45 Hm-sS Xm-sg- sh-´n-{]wRp-Æp-¶¬- ]-Sn-bn-em-Wv- A-]-I-Sw.- A-ar-Xm B-ip-]{Xn-bn-te-°p-≈ bm-{X-°msc ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´- sI.Fkv.B¿-.Sn.kn- _kv- kv-‰m-≥-Un¬- - hn-´-ti-jw- aSßnssa-e-{]-°v- h-cp-tºm-gmkp-Ip-am-c³ bn-cp-∂p- A-]-I-Sw.- tdmt]-bm-Sv: ]p-fn-b-d-t°ms‚- h-i-sØ- ]p-c-bn-SWw sNm-Δ-≈q¿ sN-dn-b- UnØn¬- \n-∂- D-W-ßn-bsIm-≠n I-´-d-°p-gn tasX-ßm-Wv- I-S-]p-g-In- Hmte ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ Pn t´m-°v- ap-I-fn-te-°v- hokp-Ip-am-c≥ (70). `m-cy: Xv.Xebv-°vcm-P-Ω. a-°ƒ: k-Pn, _n- W£Xta‰m-Wv- jn-t\m-PvPp, _m-_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: acn-®Xv.- ]pe¿-s®bmkp-aw, i-in-I-e, im-enbXn-\m¬- A-]-I-Sw- \-S\n. ∂-Xv- ssh-In-bm-Wv a-‰p≈h¿ A-dn-™-Xv.- ]-ØIm-knw ap³-jn \w-Xn-´-bn¬-\n-∂v- s]m-eo-kpw- ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kpw- FXr-°-cn-∏q¿: dn-´. A-dØn-bm-Wv- ar-X-tZ-lw- P-\-d¬- B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-em-°p_n-Iv A-[ym-]-I≥ sh∂-Xv.-B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-®-t∏mƒ a-cn-®-Xm-bn ÿn≈m-∏n-se Fw Sn ]n Imknw ap≥-jn (65). Nn-Øm- co-I-cn-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v ar-X-tZ-lw tam¿-®-dn-bn-te°v am-‰p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ i-co-c-Øn¬ Po-h≥-Xp-Sn-°pcn, _o-cn-t®-cn, Iq-te-cn, Xm-bn Nn-e¿ ]-d-™-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v ho-≠pw sa-´-Ω¬ F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn- ∂C.kn.Pn.FSp-t°-≠-Xmbpw h∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw- t]mse K-h. F¬.]n kv-Iqkv-‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\v- ti-jw- ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´-bn-se- kz-Imfn¬ Zo¿-L-Im-ew A-dcy B-ip-]-{Xn- tam¿-®-dn-bn¬- kq-£n-®p.- kw-kv-Im_n-Iv A-[ym-]-I-\m-bn cw- ]n-∂o-Sv.- A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv.- AΩ:- Hm-a-\- (tim{]-h¿-Øn-®n-cp-∂p. im-Ω-).- k-tlm-Z-c߃ :- kn-\n,- kn-Pn.-

sI.F-kv.C._n. Km-Uv-KnÂ: tIm¬-{K-Ên-\pw IcmÀ Po-h-\-¡m-c³ kn.]n.F-½n-\pw \n-e-]m-Sv t¡-äp a-cn-¨p B-e-Øq¿: sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂am-tä-−-Xm-bn h-cpw: ]n Sn tXm-a-kv tjmXn-\n-sS sI.F-kv.C._n. I-cm¿ B-ep-h: Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´ns\ F-Xn¿-°p-∂ \n-e-]m-Sn¬ \n-∂p kn.]n.Fw., tIm¨-{K-kv Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈ ap-Jym-[m-cm cm{„o-b ]m¿-´n-Iƒ-°v C-∂-s√¶n¬ \m-sf ]n-∑m-td-≠n-h-cp-sa∂v ap≥ Fw.]n. ]n Sn tXm-a-kv. B-ep-h ]-cn-ÿn-Xn kw-c-£W-kw-L-Øn-s‚ `q-anan-{X ]p-ckv-Im-cw P-Ãn-kv sI kp-Ip-am-c\n¬ \n-∂v G-‰p-hm-ßn kw-kmcn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ F∂pw F-Xn¿-°p-∂-h-sc N-cn{Xw N-h‰p-Ip´-bn-te-°p X-≈psa-∂ Im-cy-Øn¬ kw-i-bw th≠. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ A-

\p-Iq-en-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cn¬ h-f-sctb-sd {]-bm-k-߃ hy-‡n-]c-am-bn X-\n-°p t\-cn-tS-≠n-hs∂-¶n-epw C-Xn¬ Zp-xJ-an-√. ]›n-a-L-´-a-e-\n-c-Iƒ C-t∏mƒ kw-c-£n-°m≥ I-gn-™n-s√¶n¬ ]n-∂o-Sv H-cn-°-epw I-gn-bn√. C-Sp-°n-bpƒ-s∏-sS G-Xm\pw Pn-√-I-fn-se I¿-j-I-sc _m-[n-°p-∂ {]-iv-\-߃ am-{Xam-bn C-Xn-s\ ]-cn-an-X-s∏-SpØ-cp-sX∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d™p. N-S-ßn¬ A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv Fw.F¬.F., Nn-∂≥ sI ss]\m-S-Øv, kn B¿ \o-e-I-WvT≥, C-kv-abn¬ kw-km-cn-®p.

Po-h-\-°m-c≥ tjm-t°-‰p a-cn®p. B-eØq¿ _m-¶vtdm-Uv ]-d-°p∂w c-¶-s‚ aI≥ Ip-©pth-e≥ (42) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. F-cn-a-bq¿ tXm-´p-]me-sØ- k-ao-]-sØ t]m-kv-‰n¬ sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bmWv kw-`-hw. D-S≥ B-e-Øq-cnse B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw a-c-n-®p. `m-cy: kp-kv-an-X. a-°ƒ: B-cy, A-Jn-e, A-RvP\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ir-jv-W≥.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

6 Pq¨ 2014 sh≈n

ss_-¡pw kv-Iq-«-dp-w Iq«n-bn-Sn¨v ]-cn-t¡-ä bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p a-dn-b-¡p-«n

A-Ðp-Àd-lv-am³

a-dn-bw tPm-k-^v

ap-l-½-Zv

J-Zo-P

ap-l-½-Zv lm-Pn

hn-e-ßm-Sv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-‰n-°m-´v am-Xyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-b-°p-´n (78). ]m-e sIm-‰-\m¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: ^nen-∏v, tPm-fn (A-[ym-]nI, F.Fw.F¬.]n. Ip≠n¬-]-d-ºv, a-e-∏p-dw), k-Pn (sI.F-kv.C._n. \m-Zm-]p-cw), tdm-bv (K-h. F-®v.F-kv.F-kv. amhq¿). a-cp-a-°ƒ: sken≥, sI tPm-kv h-ben¬ (No-^v k-_v F-Un‰¿, a-t\m-c-a a-e-∏p-dw), _n-μp (]-cn-bm-]p-cw saUn-°¬ tIm-f-Pv).

s]-cp-h-≈q¿: Nm-{XsØm-Sn tIm-gn-sØm-Sn A-–p-¿d-lvam≥ (74). `mcy: B-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: \Pvap-±o≥, dp-Jn-b, tkm^n-b, Pw-jn-b, jm-Zn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: D-Ω¿, A-ao-den, ap-kv-X-^. J-_-d-S°w C-∂p cm-hn-se H-ºXn-\v Nm-{X-sØm-Sn Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

ap-°w: Iq-ºm-d a-Wn-a-ebn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPmk-^n-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-bw tPm-k-^v (89). a-°ƒ: ta-cn, A-eo-kv (]p-jv-]Kn-cn en-‰n¬ -^v-f-h¿ bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ A-[ym-]nI). a-cp-a-°ƒ: am-Xyp \cn-°p-gn, F F-kv tPm-kv (dn-´. A-[ym-]-I≥, Xn-cph-ºm-Sn tk-{I-Uv lm¿Uv F-®v.F-kv.F-kv). kw-k-vIm-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v ]p-jv-]-K-n-cn sNdp-]p-jv-]w tZ-hm-e-bØn¬.

Xn-cp-\m-hm-b: F-S° - p-fsØ Nn-‰I - Ø - v sN-dp-Ipf-Øn¬ ap-lΩ - Z- v (_m-h˛63). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: kp-ld - , km-_n-d, kpsse-J, B-cn-^, \-ko-d, A-_qXm-ln¿ (A¬sF≥). a-cp-a° - ƒ: keow, A-en, Ip-™m-e≥Ip-´n, A-ivd - ^ - v, C-kva - mCu¬, P-ko-e. k-tlm-Zcn: ^m-Øn-a.

_m-ep-t»-cn: Xn-cp-hmt©-cn-s∏m-bn¬ A-–p¿d-lv-am≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy J-Zo-P (73). a-°ƒ: P-aoe, kp-ss_-Z, k-^n-b, ssa-aq-\-Øv, A-–p¬ -K^q¿ (t]m-en-kv, ta-∏mSn), A-–p¬- lm-cn-kv ({]o-an-b¿ C-e-{Œn-°¬kv, _m-ep-t»-cn). a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b lk≥-Ip-´n, l-k≥ (dn-´. C≥-Iw Sm-Iv-kv A-Uv. Hm-^n-k¿ tIm-gn-t°mSv), lpkbv≥ (Ip-´ºq¿), ss\-e (ap-≠-°-c F.bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ), kPn-\.

A-Øm-Wn-°¬: h-≈p-h{ºw A-Øm-Wn-°¬ s\®n-bn¬ F-Sm-e-Øv ap-lΩ-Zv lm-Pn (87). `m-cy: Ip™n-°-Xn-bp-Ω. a-°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn F-∂ _m_p, jw-kp-±o≥ F-∂ \mWn (]n.Fw.Fkv.F.Fw.bp.]n kv-Iqƒ, th-ß-c), ^m-Øn-a, B-bni, J-Zo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Imcm-´v aq-k (A-_q-Z-_n), JZo-P, dw-e-Øv,]-tc-X-cm-b _m-∏p-´n, A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n. k-tlm-Z-c≥: ]-tc-X-\m-b sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n lm-Pn.

_m-e³ ta-∏-bq¿: \-c-t°m-Sv I√-¶n-bn¬ _m-e≥ (65). `m-cy: I-a-e. a-°ƒ: dn-\ojv, do-jv-a, do-P. a-cp-aI≥: ]-tc-X-\m-b N-{μ≥ (Xn-t°m-Sn).

tk-hyÀ ssh-∏n≥: \m-b-c-º-ew am-\m-´p-]-d-ºv ]p-\-°m-Sv h-dp-Xp-Ip-´n-bp-sS a-I≥ tk-hy¿(72). `m-cy: Ieq¿ ]m-e-°-Ø-d Ip-Spw_mw-Kw ta-cn.

tIm-b Ip-ªn-t¡m-b X-§Ä Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: ]-¥m-cßm-Sn Pn-^v-cn a≥-knen¬ ]-g-b am-fn-tb-°¬ tIm-b Ip-™n-t°m-bX-߃ (72). `m-cy: _o°p-™n-_o-hn. a-°ƒ: A-–p-¿d-lvam≥-tIm-b, lm-cn-kv, D-Ωp¬-^-kv¬, ]-tc-X-bm-b D-Ωp-lm-\n _o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-hmkv, kp-a-ø _o-hn, B-an\-_o-hn.

\-^o-k a-t©-cn: aw-K-e-t»-cn \t√-ß-c sam-bv-Xo-s‚ `mcy tIm-´n-en-߬ \-^ok (48). a-°ƒ: im-^n, dm-^n, l-_o-_. a-cp-a°ƒ: ku-Z, k-^n-b, kp-ss_¿ \n-e-ºq¿.

^m-¯n-a ta¬-ap-dn: C-cp-]-Øn-tbgn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \-SpsØm-Sn I-Ωp-hn-s‚ aIƒ- ]-tc-X-\m-b ]q-t°m´q¿ Du-tcm-Øv ]-d-º≥ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy \-SpsØm-Sn ^m-Øn-a (76). a-Iƒ: B-bn-i. a-cp-aI≥: sam-bv-Xo≥ \q-td߬ ap-°v.

Xm-c

Nm-e° - p-Sn: ap-cn-ßq¿ ]Ko-X \-ßm-´p-]d - º - n¬ _m]-d-hq¿: ]-d-b-Im-Sv H-Sp- _p-hn-s‚ `m-cy Xm-c(45)-.--hm-ti-cn ho-´n¬ jm-Pn- ap-cn-ßq¿ en-X t]-∏¿ bp-sS `m-cy Ko-X (56). Im¿-´¨ I-º\ - n Po-h\ - a-°ƒ: a-[p, a-t\m-Pv. k- °m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. a - ©-b-\w i-\n-bm-gv-N °ƒ: hn-Po-jv,- hn-\o-jv.--

tKm-hn-µ hm-cyÀ

ssk-\-_

tIm-´-bw: hn-ap-Iv-X-`-S≥ tNm-gn-b-°m-Sv sIm-´m-cØn¬ hm-cy-Øv sI Pn tKm-hn-μ hm-cy¿ (68). `mcy: D-j. a-°ƒ: tl-a, ko-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kt¥m-jv (Un.-kn _p-Ivkv) {]-Im-iv (k-em-e).

ssI-]a - w-Ke - w: Nm-a° - me ]-tc-X\ - m-b X-fn-°p-fw ho-´n¬ A-–p¬ Jm-Zd - ns‚ `m-cy ssk-\_ - (78). a-°ƒ: sF-j, A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv, j-co-^, ap-lΩ - Z- men, ssa-aq-\, Xm-Pp-±o≥, j-^m-AØ - v, k-eow.

k-^n-b-

^m-¯n-a l-Öp-½ -

a-ºm-Sv: \-Sp-h-°m-Sv Ip-´n-°p-∂v ]-tc-X-\mb Hm-hp-߬ A-_vZp¬ A-ko-kn-s‚ `mcy B¬-∏-≈n k-^nb (64). a-°ƒ: \q¿-P-lm≥, \q-dp-∂n-k, ssl-dp∂n-k, ^m-_n-b. a-cpa-°ƒ: j-co-^, A-kvI¿, jn-lm-_v, ^k¬.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: Np-≈n-∏md ]-tc-X-\m-b I-cn-∏mbn Xq-º-bn¬ sam-bv-Xp´n lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy sN\-°¬ ^m-Øn-a- l÷p-Ω (85). a-°ƒ: Aenl-k≥ lm-Pn, A∫m-kv, J-Zo-P, ^m-Øna, \-^o-k. a-cp-a-°ƒ: bq-k-^v lm-Pn, ap-l-ΩZv-Ip-´n, H ]n A-en, B-an\, ssa-aq-\-Øv, sse-e.

ta-Kn Bâ-Wn A-go-°¬: sIm-f-]-dºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI kn B‚-Wn-bp-sS `m-cy ta-Kn B‚-Wn(62). -a°ƒ: _n-μp, kn-μp. a-cpa-°ƒ:ssj-k≥, {]-Imiv.-

A-½-Xv

\-^o-k

\-cn-∏-‰: Zo¿-L-Im-ew \cn-∏-‰ a-fi-ew tIm-¨{K-kv J-Pm-©n-bpw ap-Pmln-Zv {]-h¿-Ø-I-\p-am-bncp-∂ h-S-°-bn¬ A-Ω-Xv (74). a-fi-ew tIm¨-{Kkv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v, sI.F≥.Fw. No-t°m∂v bq-\n-‰v sk-{I-´-dn, ]m-Xn-cn-∏-‰ bp.]n. kvIqƒ ]n.Sn.F. {]-knU‚ v F-∂o \n-e-I-fnepw {]-h¿-Øn-®p. `m-cy: _n-øm-Øp. a-°ƒ: ap\o¿ (ku-Zn), a-Po-Zv (t]m-en-kv, am-\-¥-hmSn), dw-e, \-_o-kp, kcm-[m-a-Wn A-½ °o-\, \-Zo-d, ap-_o-d. as]-cp-ºm-hq¿: ]-tc-X-\m- cp-a-°ƒ: sI Fw Ab ]p-Ø≥ ]p-c-b-°¬ –p¬- k-emw (Ip-‰ym-Sn), (]q¿-Wn-a) B¿ th-em- aq-k (Im-°p-\n), A-Ωbp-[≥ \m-b-cp-sS a-Iƒ Xv (\-cn-∏-‰), kn sI Acm-[m-a-Wn-A-Ω (80). -`¿- iv-d-^v (I-S-ta-cn), ]-tc-XØm-hv N-{μ-ti-J-c≥ \m- \m-b A-–p¿-d-lv-am≥ (Im-b-Æ), P-ko-d (\-cnb¿. a-°ƒ: k-Xo-i≥, ∏-‰), l-ko-\ (hm-Wnkp-[. a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-b-N- ta¬). {μ≥, kv-an-X.

N-¥-°p-∂v: Nm-c-¶p-fw ]-tc-X-\m-b sIm-f-∏-‰ sN-dn-b-aq-k-bp-sS `m-cy am-Sm-e \-^o-k (75). a°ƒ: A-–p¬ l-ao-Zv, DΩp-Ip¬-kp, A-–p¬ \m-k¿, k¬-am≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: dw-e-Øv, A-–p√, J-Zo-P, jm-ln-\.J-_-d-S°w C∂v cm-hn-se H-ºXn\v N-¥-°p-∂v h-en-b Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

kp-`-{Z ssh-∏n≥: F-f-¶p-∂-∏pg s\-Sp-th-en¬ hn-iz\m-Y-s‚ `m-cy Xq-h-\m-´v kp-`-{Z(72). _n-.-F-kv-.F≥.--F¬. D-tZym-K-ÿbm-bn-cp-∂p. a-°ƒ: {]Zo-]v, {]-ho¨. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-Rv-Pp, t{]-a.-

A-¶-½

ssh-°w: a-d-h≥-Xp-cpØv kn-‘y a-μn-c-Øn¬ tKm-]n-\m-Y≥ \m-b¿ (A-∏p-˛71). `m-cy: k-c-kΩ.

tdm-¡n

kp-tc-{µ³

a-W-eq¿: ]-≠m-c≥ A]-≈p-cp-Øn: s]-cp-º-S-∏v {io \m-cm-b-W tdm-Un¬ ø-∏-s‚ a-I≥ kp-tcI-f-∏p-c-°¬ ho-´n¬ tdm- {μ≥(67). `m-cy: ]-¶-Pw. a-°ƒ: kn¬-P, kn-an. °n(58).

sh-fn-b-Øp-\m-Sv: sk‚ v t]mƒ-kv kvIqƒ A-[ym-]-I≥ ]-tcX-\m-b h¿-Ko-kv X-fn-b®n-d-bp-sS `m-cy A-∂Ω(83). dm-∂n I-h-ßpw-πm-°¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv.

]-¡À

l-k³

I-eym-Wn A-½

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W³- \m-bÀ-

sam-bv-Xo³

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: ]-Xn-aw-Kew Ip-Sn-em-´v ]-°¿ (65). `m-cy: a-dn-b. a-°ƒ: ap\o¿, ap-_o-\, j-ao-\, Pp-ssa-en-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p¬- I_o¿, e-Øo-^v, lm-cnkv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip™m-ap, A-Ω-Zv, ]mØp-Ω, J-Zo-P, B-an-\.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: Iq-´n-eßm-Sn Io-cw-Ip-≠v kztZ-in F≥.sI tdm-Uv DΩm-´v l-k≥ (54). `m-cy: dp-Jn-b. a-°ƒ: A-Pva¬ l-k≥, \m-Pn-l, i-_v\, _-Zo¿-l-k≥, l-kv\, sj-dn≥, X≥ho¿ l- ≥. a-øn-Øv \a-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hnse 10\v ta-te-Nn-\ Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: D-Zn-\q-cnse ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-cam-cm-dp-sS `m-cy hn hn I-eym-Wn A-Ω (87). a°ƒ: _m-_p-cm-Pv, ]fln-\n, t_-_n Kn-cn-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-{]-`, ]tc-X-\m-b {io-[-c-amcm¿. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \m-cm-b-Wnb-Ω, ]-tc-Xcm-b tKm-hn-μ-am-cm¿, Ir-jv-W-am-cm¿.

A-co-t°m-Sv: In-gn-t»cn ]p-√-t©-cn Hm-´p]m-d-∏p-d-Øv ho-´n¬ sI sI tKm-]m-e-Irjv-W≥- \m-b¿ (tKm] ˛68). `m-cy: ]-Xv-an\n. a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, _n-tP-jv (Zp-_-bv), tc-Wp. a-cp-a-Iƒ: cRv-Pn-a. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

^m-dq-Jv tIm-f-Pv: A≠n-°m-S≥-Ip-gn im km-ln-_v \-K¿ Io-gn√-Øv ]-d-h≥-Xn-cpØn ]-tc-X-\m-b a-ΩZn-s‚ a-I≥ sam-bvXo≥ (73). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tcX-cm-b a-Ω-Zv, I-e¥≥, ssk-X-e-hn (_n-®m-h), ]m-ØpssΩ.

a-c-¡mÀ lm-Pn

I-p-ªp-®n

kp-io-e

a-dn-bp-½ -

Ip-≠q¿: In-g-°pw-]m-´v a-c-°m¿ lm-Pn (64). `mcy: a-dn-bm-ap l-÷p-Ω. a-Iƒ: sse-e. a-cp-aI≥: ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ _m-_p (ku-Zn).

Xp-Δq¿: Su-Wn-\p k-ao-]w sh-´-t©-cn Ip-™p-Æn (72). `m-cy: e-£v-an. a-°-ƒ: hn-\p, hn-\oX. a-cp-a-I≥: D-Z-b-Zmkv.

]-c∏ - \ - ß - m-Sn: A-cn-b√q-cn-se ]-tc-X\ - m-b H-Sp°-Øn¬ th-em-bp-[s - ‚ `m-cy kp-io-e (57). a°ƒ: jm-Pn, _n-μp, kn‘p. a-cp-a° - ƒ: {]-Imi≥, [¿-Ω≥, A-\n-X.

N-¥-°p-∂v: sh-fn-bt¥m-Sv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]p-eØv ]p-en-t°m-´n¬ ap-lΩ-Zn-s‚ `m-cy I-Æw-sNØv a-dn-bp-Ω (93). a-I≥: sF-Øp. a-cp-a-Iƒ: X-d-aÆn¬ ^m-Øn-a.

tKm-]n-\m-Y³ \m-bÀ

^-tdm-°v: tZ-io-b-]m-Xbn¬ Np-¶w F-t´--\m-en-\p k-ao-]-w ss_-°pw kv-Iq´-dpw Iq´n-bn-Sn®v ]-cn-t°‰ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. _p-[\m-gv-N cm-{Xn 11 Hm-sSbmbn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. s]-cpap-Jw h-St°_-km-dn¬ sN-¶-W-Ip-∂-Øv aq-kt°m-b (ko-tKm t_-°dn, am-tØm-´w)bp-sS a-I≥ _n≥-km-Zv (23) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. kp-lr-Øm-b ^-¿-km-Zn-t\m-sSm-∏w am-tØm´-Øp\n-∂v h-cp-tºm-ƒ as‰mcp ss_°n-en-Sn°pIbm-bn-cp∂p. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ ^¿-km-Zn-\pw a-t‰ ss_-°n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂ ^-tdm-°v tIm-´-∏m-Sw Dss_-Zv (26), k-°o¿ (27) F-∂n-h¿-°pw ]-cn-t°-‰p. \m-ep-t]-sc-bpw \m-´p-Im-cm-Wv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-®-Xv. ^¿-km-Zn-s\ ]n-∂o-Sv anw-kv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p am-‰n. hym-gm-gv-N ]p-e¿s® \m-e-c-tbm-sS-bm-Wv _n≥-km-Zv a-cn-®-Xv. _n≥km-Zn-s‚ am-Xm-hv: ^m-Øn-a-. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: a¿-kqJv, k-^v-\ (Zp-_-bv).

aZo-\-bn hml\m-]-I-S-w; ]cn-t¡ä aebm-fn a-cn¨p

aZo\: H∂camkw apºv aZo-\-bn¬h®v hml\m]-I-S-Øn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰v NnIn¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp∂ sImSph≈n kztZin acn®p. shÆ°mSv- kztZin Ipº≥tIm´v \mk¿ (30) BWv a-cn-®Xv. aZo-\bnse Daden _¬jd^vIº\nbnse Poh-\-°mc\m-b \m-k-dn\v aZo\bn¬ \n∂v- 150 Intemao‰¿ AIse Pn± tdm-Un-ep≠mb A]I-S-Øn-em-Wv Kpcp-X-c-am-bn ]cn-t°-‰-Xv. Pn-±bn¬ \n∂v aZo-\-bnte°p- hcptºmgmbncp∂p A]-ISw. \s´√n\pw Xetbm´n-°p-ta-‰ £-Xw Kp-cp-X-c-amb-Xn-\m¬ aZo\m InMv-^lZv- Bip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]th-in-∏n-°p-Ibmbncp-∂p. IqsSbp≠mb ss{Uh¿ I¿WmSI kztZ-in \n mc ]cn-°p-I-tfmsS c£-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. \mkdns‚ ]nXmhv: A–p¿-dlvam≥. amXmhv-: ^mØna. `mcy: ss^-dqk.

s{Sbn³ X-«n- a-cn-¨p ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: sN-´n-∏-Sn-

bn-se Sm-Iv-kn ss{U-h¿ ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn-bn¬ s{Sbn≥ X-´n- a-cn-®p. Xp-∂cp-I-≠n Ip-´ym-∏p-hn-s‚ aI≥ A-\n¬-Ip-am¿ (a-Wn˛48) B-Wv c-≠mw -πm-‰v t^m-an-\-SpØ ]m-fØn¬ s{Sbn≥ X-´n- a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se H-ºXn\m-Wv kw-`-hw. am-Xm-hv: tZ-h-In. `m-cy : kn-‘p. a-°ƒ: Kw-tKm-{Xn, A-`n-tj-Iv.

A-½-bpw a-I-fpw s]m-Å-te-äv a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

B-e-Øq¿: A-Ωsb-bpw a-Isf-bpw s]m-≈-te-‰v acn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. s\-∑m-d t]-gp-w-]m-d Np-¶∏p-cho-´n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b hm-kp-hn-s‚ `m-cy A-Ωmfp (73), a-Iƒ k-Pn-X (37) F-∂n-h-sc-bm-Wv hym-gm-gvA-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n cm-P³ hn-iz-\m-Y³ N ]I¬ 11.30\v s]m-≈B-bn-i l-Öp-½ F-S-°-c: ap-≠∏-d-ºn¬ sIm-Sp-h-≈n: ku-Øv sIm- te-‰ \n-e-bn¬ I-≠X _m-ep-t»-cn: ]-\-©n-cn Xm-\q¿: tim-`-∏d-ºv -- v. hoA-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (62). `m-cy: B-Xn¬ cm-P≥ (51). `m- t£-{X-Øn-\p sX-°p-`m- Sp-h-≈n ]-tc-X-\m-b sImSn-\p-tN¿-∂p-≈ Ip-fn-ap-dn- A-Ωm-fp b∏ Ab Ω Z v I p™ nb ps S B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: A≥-h¿ cy: km-hn-{Xn. ]n-Xm-hv: Kw ap-≈-Øv hn-iz-\m-Y≥ bn¬ \n-∂v ]p-I- D-b-cp-∂`m-cy In-g-°m-e-®n-bn¬ Bkm-Z-Øv, dn-bm-kv, l-ko- Ip-am-c≥. A-Ω: Nn-cp-X- (58). `m-cy: I-eym-Wn. XpI≠v FØnb kao-]bni l÷ pΩ (73). aI ≥: \, P-\o-kv, jm-ln-\. a-cpkw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn°p´ n. a° ƒ: Aº nf n, hm-kn-Iƒ Chsc D-S≥ A– p ¬ d l ow. ac pa I ƒ: a-°ƒ: d-Po-\, _p-jv-d, apse 10\v s]m-∂m-\n-bnA-Pn¬. a-cp-a-I≥: {iojm-ln-\. k-tlm-Z-c≥: A- s\-∑m-d K-h. B-ip-]-{Xnl-Ω-Zv d-^o-Jv, d-kn-b, se Ip-Spw-_-ho-´n¬. b-Ω-Zv ]-bn-{º. Pn-Øv I-cp-a-e. b-se-Øn-s®¶n-epw c£nB-_n-Zv. °m-\m-bn√. s\-∑m-d K-h. B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´w \-S-Øn-b-ti-jw ssh-Iot´m-sS t]-gpw-]m-d ]p-g Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: \-K-c-Øn-se Pz-√-dn-I-fn¬ B-`-c- s]m- X p- i v - a - i m- \ - Ø n¬ k-Pn-X W-߃ \n¿-an-®p-\¬-Ip-∂-bm-sf Im-dn-\p≈n¬ a- kw-kv-I-cn-®p. k-Pn-X Acn-®\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. tIm-´-bpw In-S-ßq¿ ku- hn-hm-ln-X-bm-Wv. A-Ωm-fp-hn-s‚ a-‰pa-°ƒ: l-cnØn-se a-‰-Øn¬ lu-kn¬ \-S-cm-P-s\(51)bm-Wv Zm-kv, P-b≥. Ip-fn-ap-dn-bn¬ a-sÆ-Æ-sbm-gn-®v kzC-∂-se cm-hn-se 12Hm-sS ]-≈w tdm-Un-se k-_v P- bw Xo-s°m-fp-Øn a-cn-®-Xm-sW-∂p kwi-bn-°p-∂bn-en-\v ]n-∂n¬ \n¿-Øn-bn-´ Im-dn¬ a-cn-®\n-e- Xmbn s\-∑m-d t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. kp-[m-IÀ tj-Wm-bn kp-l-d l-Öp-½ bn¬ I-≠-Xv. Im-™-ßm-Sv: \-K-cC-cn-°q¿: Iq-cm-cn ]p30 h¿-j-am-bn \-K-c-Øn-se Pz-√-dn-I-fn¬ B-`-cØn-se B-Zy-Im-e ioXn-b-]p-c- sam-bn-e-Øv W-߃ \n¿-an-®p\¬-In-h-cp∂ \-S-cm-P≥ 15 h¿-jX-f]m-\o-b D-¬-∏m-Z-\ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX- tØm-f-am-bn ]-∂n-∏m-d-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_-k-ta-Xw Xm-aI-º-\n D-S-a-I-fn-sem-cm- °p-ºm-Øv ap-l-Ω-Znkn-®p-h-cn-I-bm-bncp-∂p. I-Æq-cn¬ Iw-]yq-´¿ tIm-gvfm-b Im-™-ßm-s´ sI s‚ `m-cy ]n Fw kp-l- kn-\v ]Tn-°p-∂ a-I≥ k-Xy-s\ cm-hn-se s{S-bn≥- X-e-t»-cn: tZ-l-Øv akp-[m-I¿ tj-Wm-bn d l-÷p-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: I-b-‰nhn-´v Im¿ ÿn-c-am-bn ]m¿-°v sN-øm-dp-≈ k- sÆ-Æsbm-gn-®v Xo-s°mfp-Øn Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn s]m(66). jp-°q¿ (td-j≥ Uo_v P-bn¬ ]-cn-k-c-sØ a-c-Ø-W-en¬ F-Øn-b-Xm- ≈-te-‰ hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n `m-cy: sI P-b-¥n tje¿, C-cn-°q¿), Abn-cp-∂p. NnIn¬kb nen-cns° a-cnWm-bn. a-°ƒ: k-μo-]v –¬ -d-km-Jv, lp-kaq-Ø-a-I≥ Kn-cn-cm-P-t\m-Sv cm-hn-se 11Hm-sS Im-k¿- ®p. sIm-f-t»-cn ]m-d-s°tj-Wm-bn, kp-tc-J F- bv≥ lm-Pn, a-l-d-q-^v tIm-Uv {Sm-^n-Iv k¿-°n-fn-\v k-ao-]w F-Øm≥ B- ´n-se jn-_n-\m \n-hmkv sa-tK-cn. a-cp-a-I≥: (aq-h-cpw a-kv-°-Øv), D- h-iy-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. F-∂m¬ ]n-Xm-hn-s\ Im-Wm-Økn¬ _m-_p-˛-jo-e Z-ºi-in-[¿ sa-tK-cn. a¿-Ip-´n (J-Ø¿), IpXn-s\- Xp-S¿-∂v Im¿ ]m¿-°v sN-øp-∂ ÿ-e-Øv ]cn- Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-ƒ _-_nk-tlm-Z-c-߃: tam™m-an-\, Ip-™-eo-a, tim-[n-®-t∏m-gmWv a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. X(14)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gnl≥ Zm-kv tj-Wm-bn B-bn-i, kp-ss_-Z. aarX-tZlw t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰n\p tijw _- ™ sa-bv 30\m-Wv _-_n-X ho-´n¬-h-®v Xo-s°m-fp(_mw-•q¿), c-Lp-dmw cp-a-°ƒ: ssJ-dp-∂n-k, ‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-c-ta-iz-c≥-. tj-Wm-bn (]-®-°-dn km-Pn-X, k-lo-d, d-jo- am-Xm-hv: A-Ωn-Wn. `m-cy: Kn-cn-P. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Øn-b-Xv. X-e-t»-cn P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se {]m-Yan-I Nn-In¬-k-bv-°v ti-jw F-d-Wm-Ip-fw kn-‰n Bhym-]m-cn Im-™-ßmZ, \-Pv-a, In-Wm-°q¬ Ir-jv-W≥-Ip-´n, kp-μ-c≥, A-∏p-°p-´≥, ]p-jv-°-e. ip-]-{Xn-bn-se Nn-In¬-k-bv°nsSbm-Wv acWw. Sv), Zn-t\-iv tj-Wm-bn am-ap, t]m-°¿, im-Zp-en kw-`-h-Øn¬ _-_n-X-bp-sS am-Xr-k-tlm-Z-c≥ jn(]-®-°-dn hym-]m-cn apw- (J-Ø¿), ]-tc-X-\m-b Pp-hn-s‚ ]-cm-Xn-bn¬ ]m-e-bm-Sv kz-tZ-in-bm-b bpss_), \n-cp-]-a `-´v A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿. k]p-∂-bq¿-°p-fw: s]-cn-b-º-ew am-\-ho-bw tdm-Un¬ hm-hn-s\ t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øp. (_mw-•q¿), A-cp-W `-´v tlm-Z-c-߃: B-ky, ]-tc-X-\m-b sX-°q-´v k-l-tZ-h≥ a-I≥ s]m-t∂mIm-hpw-`m-Kw l-b¿-sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iq-fn-se ](apw-ss_). dp-Jn-b, ]-tc-X-\m-b Øv tem-ln-Xm-£≥ (58) a-kv-°-Øn¬ lr-Z-bm-Lm- Ømw X-cw hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-Wv _-_n-X. kv-Iqƒ bmt]m-°¿. Xwaq-ew a-cn-®p. I-gn-™ sNm-Δm-gvN cm-hn-se Xm-a- {X-bv-°n-sS Kp-Uvsj-Uv tdm-Uv Fw.sI.kn _n¬ta-cn k-ÿ-e-Øp \n-∂v tPm-enÿ-e-tØ-°v t]m-hp-∂- Un-Mn-se cm-b≥ _m-_p- F-∂ A-ºm-Sn-bp-am-bn {]]m-¯p-Ip-ª-½mÄ a-e-bm-‰q¿: ]-S-bm-´n ]Xn-\n-sS A-kzÿX A-\p-`-h-s∏-´ Ct±-lsØ D- W-b-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂-p. C-Xv ho-´p-Im¿ hn-e-°n-bXntc-X-\m-b tPm-k-^v `m- Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´: sX-t°S≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m- ep-≈ hnj-aam-Wv B-fl-l-Xy°v Im-c-W-am-b-sXc X-S-h-\m¬ ]-tc-Xcy ta-cn(95). a-°ƒ: B- °bn-√. H-cp am-kw ap-ºm-Wv \m-´n¬ h-∂v a-S-ßn-b-Xv. ∂mWv t]m-en-kn-\v e-`n-® kq-N-\. ]m-\q¿ kn.sF. \m-b ]o-cp-ap-l-Ω-Zv-Jm\n,tP-°-_v, ta-cn,eos‚ `m-cy ]m-Øp-Ip-™- kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 9\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. am-Xm- hn hn s_-∂n-°m-Wv tI-k-t\z-j-W Np-a-X-e. kem-Ω,tXm-a-kv,tPm-fn. hv: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-Ωm-fp. `m-cy: \-μn-\n. Ωm ƒ (90). tlm-Z-c-߃: jn-_n-\m-kv, jn-_n-\.

kzÀ-W-¸-Wn-¡m-c³ Im-dn-Â a-cn-¨\n-e-bnÂ

Im-knw ap³-jn

X-¦½-

\m-cm-b-W³

am-ap

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: dn-´. A-d_n-Iv A-[ym-]-I≥ sh≈m-∏n-se Fw Sn ]n Imknw ap≥-jn (65). NnØm-cn, _o-cn-t®-cn, Iqte-cn, sa-´-Ω¬ F-∂nhn-S-ß-fn-se K-h. F¬.]n kv-Iq-fn¬ Zo¿L-Im-ew A-d-_n-Iv A[ym-]-I-\m-bn {]-h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. sh-≈m-∏v hm¿-Uv eo-Kv {]-knU‚ v, kp-∂o a-l-√v s^-U-td-j≥ ]-©m-bØv sk-{I-´-dn, Fkv.ssh.F-kv `m-c-hmln, ]-©m-b-Øv apkvenw eo-Kv {]-h¿-ØIk-an-Xn Aw-Kw, sh≈m-∏v Jm-Zn ap¬ C-kvemw P-am-A-Øv I-Ωn-‰n {]-kn-U‚ v, sk-{I-´-dn, sa-´-Ω¬ ap-kv-enw P-amA-Øv sk-{I-´-dn F∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: F ]n k-^n-b-Øv. a-°ƒ: k-ao-d, k-^o¿ Im-knw (Ip-ssh-Øv), k-lo¿ Im-knw (A¬-sF≥), km-Pn-Z.

B-eØ - q¿: _m-¶v tdmUv ]-cp-h° - ¬ ]-tc-X\ - mb s]m-∂p-hn-s‚ `m-cy X¶-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: I-ae - w, ]-tc-X\ - m-b cm-a≥-Ip-´n. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ]m¿-hX - n, ]tc-X\ - m-b Ip-´n-Ir-jvW≥.

C-cn-´n: D-f-n-bn¬ h-´-°-bsØ ]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ Fw- ]n \m-cm-b-W≥ \ºym¿ (65). A-hn-hm-lnX-\m-Wv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: am-[-hn, cm-a-N-{μ≥. kwkv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

Pm-\I - n

A-_q-_-¡À

\o-te-iz-cw: tIm-fw-Ip-fØv Xm-ak - n-°p-∂ Cucm-´p-t]-´ I-fØ - q-°S- h - v h-cn-°m-\n-°¬ ho-´n¬ Pm-\I - n (98). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\ - m-b \m-cm-bW≥. a-°ƒ: k-tcm-Pn\n, `m¿-Kh - n, `m-cX - n, `mkvI - c - ≥, Nn-∂Ω - , k-ck - Ω, `m-\p-aX - n, Hm-a\ - . a-cpa-°ƒ: `m-kI v- c - ≥, tKm]m-e≥, Ip-am-c≥, a-Wn-bΩ, {io-[c - ≥, `m-kI v- c - ≥, tKm-]m-e≥.

sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿: Ip∂n¬ kn-dm-Pp¬ D-epw aZv-d-k-°v k-ao-]-sØ sI A-_q-_-°¿ (66) `m-cy: \-_o-k. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d^v, \u-jm-Zv, l¿-jm-°v, B-bn-j, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C-{_m-low, kp-a-ø. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X-cm-b A-–p¬ -JmZ¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-–p¿dlvv-am≥, A-∫m-kv, ^mØn-a.

C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g Kh. bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p kao-]w sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv lu-kn¬ th-en-°-IØv am-ap (82). C-cn-°q-dnse ]-g-b-Im-e I-S-e hym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv ssk\-_. a-°ƒ: kp-l-d, Ip¬-kp-Ω, l-^v-k-Øv, d-jo-Z, ap-\o-d, sam-bvXo≥ Ip-´n (Kƒ-^v), i-d^p-±o≥, A-–p¿-d-km-Jv \-Zv-hn (k-Z¿ ap-A-√nw, Im-™n-tcm-Sv a-Zv-d-k), ajv-lq-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sambv-Xp, _-jo¿, A-_p au-e-hn, A-–p¿d-lvam≥, km-_n-d, ssk-_p∂n-k, ^m-Øn-a, B-bni, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-cnbn¬ aq-km≥.

s]-cp-h-¥m\w: ]m-d-bv°¬ In-g-°-bn¬ ]n ]n ao-cm-Æ≥(65). `mcy: ^mØn-a. a°ƒ: k-°o¿, km-Pn-Z.

B-e-∏p-g: ]-Sn-°m-Ø-d ao-\-tØ-cn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]n sI th-em-bp-[≥ sshZy≥-sc a-I≥ ]n hn kpIp-am-c≥ (90).

ao-cm®³

kp-Ip-amc³

Um³kÀ btimZc³ sXmSp]pg : sXmSp]pg bnse BZyIme Um≥ kv- amkv-‰dmb aTØn °≠w \rØ Ieme bbn¬ Um≥k¿ sI b timZc≥ (83).

bp-h-Xn sh-t«-äp a-cn-¨ tIkv: hn-e-¡p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn-¨v "KÀ-`-{io-am³' Xn-tb-ä-dp-I-fn-te-¡v `À-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-³ A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sI.sP s{]m-U-£≥-kn-s‚ _m-\dn¬ {]-i-kv-X Om-bm-{Km-lI≥ A-\n¬ tKm-]n-\m-Yv kwhn-[m-\w sNøp∂ K¿-`-{ioam≥ -hn-e-°p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn®v Xntb-‰-dp-I-fn-te-°v. ]p-cpj≥ K¿-`w [-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂{]ta-b-Øn¬ \n¿an-°p∂ Nn{X-Øn-¬ kp-cm-Pv sh-™m-d-aqSv BWv \m-b-I≥. C-tX B-i-b-w Dƒ-s°m-≠v kn-\n-a-sbm-cp-°m≥ {i-an-®n-cp∂ kp-[o-jvIp-am¿ K¿-`-{io-ams‚ Xn-c-°-Ybv-°v X-s‚ I-Ybp-am-bn km-ay-ap-s≠-∂v Btcm-]n-®v s^-^v-I-sbbpw s{]m-Uyq-tk-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j-s\-bpw k-ao-]n-®n-cp-∂p.

B-tcm-]-W-Øn¬ I-g-ºn-s√∂-Xn-\m¬ A-h¿ ]-cm-Xn X≈n-. Xp-S¿-∂v kp-[o-jv Pn-√m tIm-S-Xn-sb- k-ao-]n-®p. Xn-c°-Y-Iƒ c-≠pw ]-cn-tim-[n-®v km-ay-an-s√-∂v tIm-S-Xn hn-ebn-cp-Øn. Xp-S¿-∂v kn-\n-a-bpsS dn-eo-kn-Mv X-S-bm≥ sslt°m-S-Xn-sb k-ao-]n-®v tà hm-ßn. F-∂m-¬, Pn-√m tIm-SXn-°v A-©p-e-£w cq-] _m-¶v Kym-c‚n \¬-In Nn-{Xw dn-eo-kv sN-øm≥ ssl-t°m-S-Xn D-Øhn-´p. hm¿- Ø m- k - t Ω- f - \ - Ø n¬ kw-hn-[m-b-I≥ A-\n¬ tKm]n-\m-Yv, Xn-c-°-Ym-Ir-Øv kph-N≥, \-Sn Ku-cn-Ir-jv-W ]s¶-Sp-Øp.

I-bv-]-aw-K-ew (Xriq¿): Im-fap-dn-bn¬ bp-h-Xn sh-t´-‰p a-cn® tIkn¬ `¿-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-≥ A-d-Ãn¬. ]-≈n-∏-d-ºn¬ C-kvam-Cu¬(40) B-Wv A-d-Ãn-emb-Xv. k-tlm-Z-c≥ C-kv-lm-Jen-bp-sS `m-cy Pm-kv-an-\m(38)Wv C-kv-am-Cuen-s‚ sh-t´-‰v acn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw cm-hnse H-º-tXm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. H-fn-hn¬t]m-b {]-Xn sIm-Sp-ß√q¿ t]m-en-kn¬ Io-g-S-ßp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kn.sF sI sP ]o‰-dpw kw-L-hpw C-bm-fp-sS A-dÃv tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn. {]-Xn-bpw sIm-√-s∏-´ Pm-kvan-\pw \m-fp-I-fm-bn X¿°-Ønem-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-\nsS th-en sI-´p-∂-Xn-\n-sS s]-s´-∂p-≠m-

C-kv-am-Cu¬ b X¿-°-am-Wv sIme-bn¬ Iem-in-®-sX-∂pw {]-Xn t]m-enkn-t\m-Sp k-Ω-Xn-®p. th-en sI´m\m-bn X-dn-Iƒ sh-´m≥ I-cpXn-b I-ØnsIm≠mWv {]-Xn Pmkvans\ IpØn-b-Xv.

Xo-s¡m-fp-¯n-b hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n a-cn-¨p; kp-lr-¯v I-Ì-Un-bnÂ

a-kv-¡¯n \ncym-X-\mbn

20 e-£-¯n-sâ kzÀ-Ww ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn I-cn-∏q¿: F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-®p-I-S-Øn-b 20 e-£-Øn-s‚ 699 {Kmw kz¿-Ww F-b¿ I-Ãw-kv C‚-en-P≥-kv ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn. C-∂-se tZm-l-bn¬-\n-∂v F-b¿C-¥ym F-Iv-kv-{]- v hnam-\-Øn¬ I-cn-∏q-cn-se-Øn-b sIm-Sp-h-≈n h-en-b-]-d-ºv ap-lΩ-Zv a≥-kq-dn(32)¬- \n-∂m-Wp Ch ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n-\p-≈nse _m-‰-dn-bp-sS ÿm-\-Øv 24 I- j - W - ß - f m- ° n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p kz¿-W-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. F-Ivkv-td ]-cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ kw-ibwtXm-∂n A-[n-Ir-X¿ ]-cntim-[n-®-t∏m-gm-Wp kz-¿-Ww Is≠-Øn-b-Xv.

sI.F-kv.C._n. Km-Uv-KnÂ: tIm¬-{K-Ên-\pw IcmÀ Po-h-\-¡m-c³ kn.]n.F-½n-\pw \n-e-]m-Sv t¡-äp a-cn-¨p B-e-Øq¿: sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂am-tä-−-Xm-bn h-cpw: ]n Sn tXm-a-kv tjmXn-\n-sS sI.F-kv.C._n. I-cm¿ B-ep-h: Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´ns\ F-Xn¿-°p-∂ \n-e-]m-Sn¬ \n-∂p kn.]n.Fw., tIm¨-{K-kv Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈ ap-Jym-[m-cm cm{„o-b ]m¿-´n-Iƒ-°v C-∂-s√¶n¬ \m-sf ]n-∑m-td-≠n-h-cp-sa∂v ap≥ Fw.]n. ]n Sn tXm-a-kv. B-ep-h ]-cn-ÿn-Xn kw-c-£W-kw-L-Øn-s‚ `q-anan-{X ]p-ckv-Im-cw P-Ãn-kv sI kp-Ip-am-c\n¬ \n-∂v G-‰p-hm-ßn kw-kmcn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ F∂pw F-Xn¿-°p-∂-h-sc N-cn{Xw N-h‰p-Ip´-bn-te-°p X-≈psa-∂ Im-cy-Øn¬ kw-i-bw th≠. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ A-

\p-Iq-en-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cn¬ h-f-sctb-sd {]-bm-k-߃ hy-‡n-]c-am-bn X-\n-°p t\-cn-tS-≠n-hs∂-¶n-epw C-Xn¬ Zp-xJ-an-√. ]›n-a-L-´-a-e-\n-c-Iƒ C-t∏mƒ kw-c-£n-°m≥ I-gn-™n-s√¶n¬ ]n-∂o-Sv H-cn-°-epw I-gn-bn√. C-Sp-°n-bpƒ-s∏-sS G-Xm\pw Pn-√-I-fn-se I¿-j-I-sc _m-[n-°p-∂ {]-iv-\-߃ am-{Xam-bn C-Xn-s\ ]-cn-an-X-s∏-SpØ-cp-sX∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d™p. N-S-ßn¬ A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv Fw.F¬.F., Nn-∂≥ sI ss]\m-S-Øv, kn B¿ \o-e-I-WvT≥, C-kv-abn¬ kw-km-cn-®p.

Po-h-\-°m-c≥ tjm-t°-‰p a-cn®p. B-eØq¿ _m-¶vtdm-Uv ]-d-°p∂w c-¶-s‚ aI≥ Ip-©pth-e≥ (42) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. F-cn-a-bq¿ tXm-´p-]me-sØ- k-ao-]-sØ t]m-kv-‰n¬ sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bmWv kw-`-hw. D-S≥ B-e-Øq-cnse B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw a-c-n-®p. `m-cy: kp-kv-an-X. a-°ƒ: B-cy, A-Jn-e, A-RvP\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ir-jv-W≥.


8

kozhikode P/W

thÀ-]mSv

KANNUR

6 Pq¨ 2014 sh≈n

A-½-bpw a-I-fpw s]m-Å-te-äv a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

Im-knw ap³-jn

X-¦½-

\m-cm-b-W³

am-ap

kp-[m-IÀ tj-Wm-bn

kp-l-d l-Öp-½

I-eym-Wn A-½

B-bn-im-_n

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: dn-´. A-d-_nIv A-[ym-]-I≥ sh-≈m∏n-se Fw Sn ]n Im-knw ap≥-jn (65). Nn-Øm-cn, _o-cn-t®-cn, Iq-te-cn, sa-´Ω¬ F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn-se K-h. F¬.]n kv-Iq-fn¬ Zo¿-L-Im-ew A-d-_n-Iv A-[ym-]-I-\m-bn {]-h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. sh-≈m-∏v hm¿-Uv eo-Kv {]-kn-U‚ v, kp-∂o a-l-√v s^-U-tdj≥ ]-©m-b-Øv sk-{I-´dn, F-kv.ssh.F-kv `m-chm-ln, ]-©m-b-Øv apkvenw eo-Kv {]-h¿-ØIk-an-Xn Aw-Kw, sh-≈m∏v Jm-Zn ap¬ C-kv-emw Pam-A-Øv I-Ωn-‰n {]-knU‚ v, sk-{I-´-dn, sa-´Ω¬ ap-kv-enw P-am-A-Øv sk-{I-´-dn F-∂o \n-e-Ifn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: F ]n k-^n-b-Øv. a-°ƒ: k-ao-d, k-^o¿ Im-knw (Ip-ssh-Øv), klo¿ Im-knw (A¬sF≥), km-Pn-Z. a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-´n (a-teky), d-^o-Jv (Zp-_-bv), klo-d. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: lp ≥-lm-Pn, D-Ω¿, ]-tc-X\m-b kp-sse-am≥.

B-eØ - q¿: _m-¶v tdm-Uv ]-cp-h° - ¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b s]m-∂p-hn-s‚ `m-cy X-¶Ω (90). a-°ƒ: I-ae - w, ]tc-X\ - m-b cm-a≥-Ip-´n. a-cpa-°ƒ: ]m¿-hX - n, ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-´n-Ir-jW v- ≥.

C-cn-´n: D-f-n-bn¬ h-´-°b-sØ ]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ Fw- ]n \m-cm-b-W≥ \ºym¿ (65). A-hn-hm-lnX-\m-Wv. k-tlm-Z-c߃: am-[-hn, cm-a-N{μ≥. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p-cm-hn-se 10\v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬.

Im-™-ßm-Sv: \-K-cØn-se B-Zy-Im-e ioX-f]m-\o-b D-¬-∏m-Z-\ I-º-\n D-S-a-I-fn-sem-cmfm-b Im-™-ßm-s´ sI kp-[m-I¿ tj-Wm-bn (66). `m-cy: sI P-b-¥n tjWm-bn. a-°ƒ: k-μo-]v tj-Wm-bn, kp-tc-J Fkv sa-tK-cn. a-cp-a-I≥: i-in-[¿ sa-tK-cn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: taml≥ Zm-kv tj-Wm-bn (_mw-•q¿), c-Lp-dmw tj-Wm-bn (]-®-°-dn hym-]m-cn Im-™-ßmSv), Zn-t\-iv tj-Wm-bn (]-®-°-dn hym-]m-cn apwss_), \n-cp-]-a `-´v (_mw-•q¿), A-cp-W `-´v (apw-ss_).

C-cn-°q¿: Iq-cm-cn ]pXn-b-]p-c- sam-bn-e-Øv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX°p-ºm-Øv ap-l-Ω-Zns‚ `m-cy ]n Fw kp-ld l-÷p-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: jp-°q¿ (td-j≥ Uoe¿, C-cn-°q¿), A–¬ -d-km-Jv, lp-kbv≥ lm-Pn, a-l-d-q-^v (aq-h-cpw a-kv-°-Øv), Da¿-Ip-´n (J-Ø¿), Ip™m-an-\, Ip-™-eo-a, B-bn-i, kp-ss_-Z. acp-a-°ƒ: ssJ-dp-∂n-k, km-Pn-X, k-lo-d, d-joZ, \-Pv-a, In-Wm-°q¬ am-ap, t]m-°¿, im-Zp-en (J-Ø¿), ]-tc-X-\m-b A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿. ktlm-Z-c-߃: B-ky, dp-Jn-b, ]-tc-X-\m-b t]m-°¿.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: D-Zn-\q-cnse ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-cam-cm-dp-sS `m-cy hn hn I-eym-Wn A-Ω (87). a°ƒ: _m-_p-cm-Pv, ]fln-\n, t_-_n Kn-cn-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-{]-`, ]tc-X-\m-b {io-[-c-amcm¿. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \m-cm-b-Wnb-Ω, ]-tc-Xcm-b tKm-hn-μ-am-cm¿, Ir-jv-W-am-cm¿.

sN-dp-h-Æq¿: tIm-´-em-S ]-tc-X-\m-b ta-S-∏-d-ºn¬ sk-bv-Xm-en-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-im-_n (66). a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ \-Po-_v, A-_vZp¬ hm-ln-Zv (C-cp-h-cpw _n-kn-\-kv), kp-l-dm-_n, k-°o-\, sj-l¿-_m-\p, k-^n-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tImb (A-c-°n-W¿), a-Po-Zv (bp.F.C), jw-kp-±o≥ (im-c-Zm-a-μn-cw), j-co-^v (\-√-fw), _n-®o-hn, ssjP.

F-S° - c - : Xm-sg am-am-¶c s]-cp-º≈ - n-°p-t∂¬ ]u-tem-kv (53).- `m-cy: Fm-en-bm-Ω.- a-°ƒ: en-X t]mƒ, en-Pn t]mƒ, F¬tZm-kv, en-\n t]mƒ. -

tKm-]m-e³

C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g Kh. bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p kao-]w sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv lu-kn¬ th-en-°-IØv am-ap (82). C-cn-°q-dnse ]-g-b-Im-e I-S-e hym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv ssk\-_. a-°ƒ: kp-l-d, Ip¬-kp-Ω, l-^v-k-Øv, d-jo-Z, ap-\o-d, sam-bvXo≥ Ip-´n (Kƒ-^v), i-d^p-±o≥, A-–p¿-d-km-Jv \-Zv-hn (k-Z¿ ap-A-√nw, Im-™n-tcm-Sv a-Zv-d-k), ajv-lq-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sambv-Xp, _-jo¿, A-_p au-e-hn, A-–p¿d-lvam≥, km-_n-d, ssk-_p∂n-k, ^m-Øn-a, B-bni, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-cnbn¬ aq-km≥. k-tlm-Zc-߃: A-–p- -emw, ]tc-X-cm-b C-{_m-low, am-bn≥, B-bn-i.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: A-cn-b√q¿ h-S-s° s\-t√-cn tKm-]m-e≥ (76). `m-cy: kp-io-e. a-Iƒ: in¬-∏.

]mt¯ma

^m-¯n-am l-Öp-½

Ip-ªm-bn-i

th-em-bp-[³

a-ºm-Sv: Hm-Sm-bn-°¬ ]tc-X-\m-b F-S-Ø-S-Øn¬ Ip-™-e-hn lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ^m-Øn-am l-÷pΩ (68). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ _m-h, A-_q-_°¿, A-_v-Zp¬ A-ko-kv, kp-sse-am-≥, bq-k-^v, bq-\p-kv, J-Zo-P, km-Pn-X, ko-\-Øv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kpsse-am≥, ap-Po-_v, A-_q_-°¿, B-bn-i, ssa-aq\, P-ko-\, lp-ssP-d, dpjv-Z.

]-∂n-t°m-´q¿: tIm-tdmØp-Ip-∂p-Ω¬ ]-tc-X-\mb a-Ωp-hn-s‚ `m-cy Ip™m-bn-i (83). a-°ƒ: A-–p-¿d-lvam≥, B-en, A-–p¬ A-ko-kv, B-bni, k-^n-b, ssk-\-_. acp-a-°ƒ: A-_q-_-°¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, tIm-b-°p-´n.

Ip-ª-½-Zv hm-Wn-ta¬: sN-∂m-´v Ip™-Ω-Zv (95). `m-cy: B-bni. a-°ƒ: Ip-™-–p-√, aq- , sam-bv-Xp, B-en-lk≥, l-eo-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xp, ]m-Øp, k-^nb, B-bn-i, dm-_n-b.

Nn-cp-X Ip-‰ym-Sn: sN-dn-b-Ip-º-fsØ ]-tc-X-\m-b I-°-Sbn¬ I-Wm-c-s‚ `m-cy Nncp-X (97). a-°ƒ: Ip-™ncm-a≥, i-¶-c≥, cm-P≥, Ieym-Wn, b-tim-Z, ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jv-W≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-apÆn, \m-Wp.

Pm-\I - n \o-te-iz-cw: tIm-fw-Ip-fØv Xm-ak - n-°p-∂ Cu-cm´p-t]-´ I-fØ - q-°S- h - v h-cn°m-\n-°¬ ho-´n¬ Pm-\In (98). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b \m-cm-bW - ≥. a°ƒ: k-tcm-Pn-\n, `m¿-Khn, `m-cX - n, `m-kI v- c - ≥, Nn∂-Ω, k-ck - Ω - , `m-\p-aXn, Hm-a\ - . a-cp-a° - ƒ: `mkvI - c - ≥, tKm-]m-e≥, Ipam-c≥, a-Wn-bΩ - , {io-[c≥, `m-kI v- c - ≥, tKm-]me≥.

]u-tem-kv

A-_q-_-¡À sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿: Ip∂n¬ kn-dm-Pp¬ D-epw a-Zv-d-k-°v k-ao-]-sØ sI A-_q-_-°¿ (66) `m-cy: \-_o-k. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v, \u-jm-Zv, l¿-jm-°v, B-bn-j, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C{_m-low, kp-a-ø. ktlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X-cmb A-–p¬ -Jm-Z¿, ap-lΩ-Zv, A-–p¿d-lv-am≥, A-∫m-kv, ^m-Øn-a.

A-ßm-Sn-∏p-dw: tZ-isØ X-´m≥ F-∂-dn-bs∏-´n-cp-∂ A-ßm-Sn-∏pdw ap-Xp-h-d-]-d-ºn¬ them-bp-[≥ (95). `m-cy: ]m-dp-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: _me-Ir-jv-W≥, k-c-kz-Xn, P-\m¿-±-\≥, kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿, N-{μn-I, cm-P≥, A\n¬-Ip-am¿, cm-tP-jv, Ip-ª-Ðp-à Ip-‰ym-Sn: ss]-°-f-ßm-Sn \n-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-a-Wn, a-W-°-c A-Ω-Zv-ap-kveym- A-Nyp-X≥, hn-P-b-Ip-amcp-sS a-I≥ Ip-™-–p-√ cn, kp-μ-c≥, _n-μp, kv(44). `m-cy: sk-bv-\. a\n-Kv-Z, Pn-j, i-in. °ƒ: a-bn-Pp-_, ap-^o-Z, an≥-lm-Pv, k-l-e. kkq-¸n- lm-Pn tlm-Z-c-߃: sam-bv-Xp \m-Zm-]p-cw: I-°w-sh(Zp-_m-bv), kq-∏n, k-emw, ≈n-bn-se \-Sp-hn-se-Sp]-tc-X-\m-b l-ao-Zv, A-bn- Øv kq-∏n- lm-Pn (95). ip. a-øn-Øv \-a-kv-Im-cw `m-cy: a-dn-bw l-÷p-Ω. C-∂v cm-hn-se sIm-S-°¬ a-°ƒ: A-–p-√ -lm-Pn, Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬. Ip-™n-∏m-Øp, \-^ok, B-bn-i. t{]-a³ h-S-I-c: ap-°-fn sIm-f-dm- a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_q-_Sv-sX-cp-hv a-W-tem-Sn Xm- °¿, t]m-°¿-lm-Pn, AsgIp-\n-bn¬ hn sI t{]- –p¬- a-Po-Zv. G-sd-°ma≥ (53). `m-cy: c-Rv-Pn-\n. ew I-°w-sh-≈n _na-°ƒ: {]-Pn-Øv, {io-{]n- em¬ a-kv-Pn-Zv, C- b. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tcm- Øp¬ C-kv-emw a-Zv-d-k ln-Wn, Zm-k≥, kp-tc-jv- F-∂o ÿm-]-\-ß-fp-sS `m-c-hm-ln-bm-bn-cp-∂p. _m-_p.

`m-kv-¡-c³ F-S-∏m-ƒ: h-t∂-cn sNdm-bn¬ kn sI `m-kv-°c≥ (67). X-´m≥ k¿-hokv skm-ssk-‰n F-S∏mƒ bq-\n-‰v c-£m-[nIm-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: c-a-Wn. a-°ƒ: e¬-kn, c-Rv-Pn-X, c-ay. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-tP-jv (JØ¿), c-ta-iv.-

_m-e-Ir-j-vW-¡p-dp-¸v

ti-J-c³ Nm-h-°m-Sv-: H-cp-a-\-bq¿ hn-√yw-kv- ta-∏p-d-Øvti-J-c≥(69). `m-cy: hntim-Z-c. a-°ƒ: ko-a, iymw-em¬, tkm-Wntamƒ.

sN-dn-bm³

ap≠-°¬: ]md-t∏ßm´v ]mtØma (70) . a°ƒ: tam\p-±o≥, ^mØna.

Xp-Δq¿: sX-°pw-]p-dsØ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-∂Øv sam-bv-Xp-´n-bp-sS `mcy ^m-Øn-a (75). a°ƒ: A-–p¬ P-eo¬, J-Zo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _pjv-d, bq-\-kv.

]-´n-°m-Sv: Ip-dp-a-‰-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]u-tem-kv a-I≥ sN-dn-bm≥(63). `m-cy: t{K-kn. a-°ƒ: t•m-dn, tKm-Uv-en.

Ip-‰ym-Sn: N-ß-cw-Ip-fw bp.]n kv-Iqƒ dn-´. A[ym-]-I≥ F-S-Øn-°≠n _m-e-Ir-jv-W-°p-dp∏v (85). `m-cy: hn-P-b-e£v-an. a-°ƒ: Aw-_p-Pm£≥ (Ip-≠p-tXm-Sv Pn.bp.]n.F-kv), a-t\m-PvIp-am¿ (sd-bn¬th, ]m-e°m-Sv), A-P-b-Ip-am¿, do\, kv-an-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssj-P (ap-bn-t∏m-Øv bp.]n.F-kv), cm-K-{io, Kw-Km-[-c≥, k-Po-h≥ (sI.F-kv.B-¿.Sn.kn. B-‰n-߬).

A-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n

Un-t\m-bv-_m-_p

X-dp-ssh lm-Pn

A-Ðp-Ã _m-J-hn -

Ip-ªn-ap-l-½-Zv

F-S-°-c: ap-≠ A-≠n°p-∂n-se Im-´p-I-≠≥ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (am-\p°m-°-˛90). a-°ƒ: _m∏p-´n, sN-dn-tbm≥, Ip™m-∏, A-_p, \-^ok, ^m-Øn-a, J-Zo-P, ssk-\-_, B-k-y. a-cpa-°ƒ: B-k-y, D-ΩpIp¬-kp, dw-e-Øv, kpsse-J, Ip-™n-_m-∏p, lw-k, ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-en k-lo¿, A-_q_-°¿.

ap-°w: kn.]n.sF Pn-√m F-Iv-kn-Iyq-´o-hv I-Ωn-‰n Aw-Kw ]n sI I-Æ-s‚ a-I≥ tXm-´-°m-Sv ]-d-b-cv Ip-∂-Øv Un-t\m-bv-_m_p (32). am-Xm-hv: im-c-Z. `m-cy: k-cn-X (A-¶-Whm-Sn h¿-°¿). a-°ƒ: \n-th-Zy, ssh-K. k-tlmZ-c-߃: _n-t\m-bv, s_\o-jv, `m-an-\n.

hm-Wn-ta¬: hm-Wnta¬ ]-©m-b-Øv ap-kvenw- eo-Kv I-Ωn-‰n {]-knU‚pw {I-k‚ v ssl-kvIqƒ am-t\-P-cp-am-b ]pXn-tbm-´n¬ X-dp-ssh lm-Pn (78). hm-Wn-ta¬ {Km-a-∏-©m-b-Øv {]-knU‚ v, ap-kv-enw- eo-Kv kw-ÿm-\ Iu¨-kn¬ \n-tbm-P-I-a-fi-ew IΩn-‰n J-Pm-©n, kz-X{¥ I¿-j-Ikw-Lw kwÿm-\ {]-h¿-Ø-I-k-anXn Aw-Kw F-∂o ÿm\-߃ h-ln-®n-´p≠v. `m-cy-am¿: I-Zo-i , ]-tc-Xbm-b am-an. a-°ƒ: A-ΩZv-Ip-´n, ss^-k¬, tªm°v ]-©m-b-Øv Aw-Kw ]n kp-d-ø ({I-k‚ v ssl-kv-Iqƒ A-[ym-]nI), jm-ln-\, i-ao-a ({Ik‚ v ssl-kv-Iqƒ A[ym-]n-I), ]-tc-X-\m-b kp-ss_-¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-l-d, ku-Z, ]n hn AΩ-Zv (dn-´. A-[ym-]-I≥ {I-k‚ v ssl-kv-Iqƒ), ]p-Ø≥]o-Sn-I-bn¬ lmjnw, Sn sI A-–p-∂mk¿.

cm-a-]p-cw: ]m-Xn-c-a-Æ Icn-º-\-°¬ A-–p-√ _mJ-hn (54). {]-ap-J- hm-Kvanbpw k-a-kv-X Fkv.ssh.F-kv t\-Xm-hp-amb ]m-Xn-c-a-Æ A-–p¿-dlvam≥ ss^-kn-bp-sS ktlm-Z-c\mWv. hm-g-°m-Sv h-en-b Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv, Aco-t°m-Sv, hm-°m-eq¿, aq-f∏p-dw, cm-a-\m-´p-I-c F-∂nhn-S-ß-fn¬ Jm-kn, JØo-_v ÿm-\-߃ h-ln®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy-am¿: kpsse-J. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv kzm-en-lv Zm-cn-an, km-Zn-Jv A-en, j-_o¿ A-en, j^o-Jv, j-^o-\, A-Pv-a¬. a-cp-a-Iƒ: j-_v-\. a-‰p-ktlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´n, J-Zo-P, B-an-\.

aq-®n-°¬: X-d-Ω¬ Ip™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv (53). `mcy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: ^ukn-b, k-_n-\, kw-jo\, k-l-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: apkv-X-^, ^m-dq-Jv, K-±m^n.

]m-¯p-«n- l-Öp-½ tIm-´-°¬: tIm-gn-s®\ s]-cp-a-Æ kz-tZ-in ]tc-X-\m-b ]m-S-t©-cn apl-Ω-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy No-c-¶p-f-ß-c ]m-Øp-´n l-÷p-Ω (82). a-°ƒ: F-d-ap-´n (Zp-_bv), Ip-™-–p-√, A-ehn, A-–p-¿d-lvam≥, ssk-Xm-en-°p-´n (C-cph-cpw Zp-_-bv), _n-øp, Ip-™m-bn-i, Ip-™n∏m-Øp-Ω, ssa-aq-\.-a-cpa-°ƒ: ^m-Øn-a kp-ld, J-Zo-P, J-Zo-P, j-ao-a, \p-ssk-_.

^m-¯n-a-

Ip-ª-Ðp-à sXm-´n¬-∏m-ew: ss]-°f-ßm-Sn-bn-se a-W-°-c Fw sI kn Ip-™-–p√ (^v-ssf-sh¬˛43). dlva tlm-kv-]n-‰¬ {S-Ãv Aw-K-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]n-Xmhv: a-W-°-c A-Ω-Zv, amXm-hv-: J-Zo-P. `m-cy: ssk-\-_ (tN-e-°m-Sv). a-°ƒ: k-l-e, sa-lv-Pp_n≥, ap-^o-Zv, an-≥lmPv, k-tlm-Z-c-߃: a-W°-c sam-bv-Xp (Zp-_m-bv, sN-b¿-am≥ C-kvem-ln Nm-cn-‰-_nƒ {S-Ãv ss]°-f-ßm-Sn), A-bv-ip (tZh¿-tIm-hn¬), kq-∏n (A-_qZ-_n), A-–p- emw, ]-tc-X-\m-b A–p¬ l-ao-Zv.

J-Zo-P l-Öp-½ sIm-Sp-h-≈n: B-cm-{ºw F-S-bm-Sn-s]m-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b D-ssk-s‚ `m-cy JZo-P- l-÷p-Ω (55). a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-–p¬ d-km-Jv, km-Pn-X, lm-P-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: j-ao-d, ^m-Øna, A-–p¬ A-ko-kv, ]tc-X-\m-b A-–p-¿d-lvam≥Ip-´n.

X-¦-½ {io-aq-e-\-K-cw: ]m-dsØ-‰ ]-tc-X-\m-b Imt´-Øv ho-´n¬ cm-a-s‚ `m-cy X-¶-Ω(68). in-h-Pn]p-cw hm-tg-en-∏-d-ºn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a°ƒ: ]-tc-X-bm-b ssje, Pn-Pn, kp-tem-N-\, Dj. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hm-kp, B-\-μ≥, {]-Zo-]v.-

tKm-]m-e³ B-∏m-©n-d: Im-embn¬ C B¿ tKm-]me≥ (75). kw-kv-Im-cw \S-Øn. `m-cy: sN-Ω-\Øp-I-c I-dp-I-¥-e Iuk-ey. a-°ƒ: P-b-Ipam¿, am-b, A-P-b-Ipam¿, {]o-b, A-`n-em-jv, l-co-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: thWp, tKm-]m¬, kp-tc{μ≥, Zo-], am-b, k-Pn-X.

B-e-Øq¿: A-Ωsb-bpw a-Isf-bpw s]m-≈-te-‰v acn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. s\-∑m-d t]-gp-w-]m-d Np-¶∏p-cho-´n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b hm-kp-hn-s‚ `m-cy A-Ωmfp (73), a-Iƒ k-Pn-X (37) F-∂n-h-sc-bm-Wv hym-gm-gvN ]I¬ 11.30\v s]m-≈te-‰ \n-e-bn¬ I-≠X -- v. hoSn-\p-tN¿-∂p-≈ Ip-fn-ap-dn- A-Ωm-fp bn¬ \n-∂v ]p-I- D-b-cp-∂XpI≠v FØnb kao-]hm-kn-Iƒ Chsc D-S≥ s\-∑m-d K-h. B-ip-]-{Xnb-se-Øn-s®¶n-epw c£n°m-\m-bn√. s\-∑m-d K-h. B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´w \-S-Øn-b-ti-jw ssh-Iot´m-sS t]-gpw-]m-d ]p-g s]m- X p- i v - a - i m- \ - Ø n¬ k-Pn-X kw-kv-I-cn-®p. k-Pn-X Ahn-hm-ln-X-bm-Wv. A-Ωm-fp-hn-s‚ a-‰pa-°ƒ: l-cnZm-kv, P-b≥. Ip-fn-ap-dn-bn¬ a-sÆ-Æ-sbm-gn-®v kzbw Xo-s°m-fp-Øn a-cn-®-Xm-sW-∂p kwi-bn-°p-∂Xmbn s\-∑m-d t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p.

Xo-s¡m-fp-¯n-b hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n a-cn-¨p; kp-lr-¯v I-Ì-Un-bnÂ

X-e-t»-cn: tZ-l-Øv asÆ-Æsbm-gn-®v Xo-s°mfp-Øn Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn s]m≈-te-‰ hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n NnIn¬k-bn-en-cns° a-cn®p. sIm-f-t»-cn ]m-d-s°´n-se jn-_n-\m \n-hmkn¬ _m-_p-˛-jo-e Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-I-ƒ _-_nX(14)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn™ sa-bv 30\m-Wv _-_n-X ho-´n¬-h-®v Xo-s°m-fpØn-b-Xv. X-e-t»-cn P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se {]m-Yan-I Nn-In¬-k-bv-°v ti-jw F-d-Wm-Ip-fw kn-‰n Bip-]-{Xn-bn-se Nn-In¬-k-bv°nsSbm-Wv acWw. kw-`-h-Øn¬ _-_n-X-bp-sS am-Xr-k-tlm-Z-c≥ jnPp-hn-s‚ ]-cm-Xn-bn¬ ]m-e-bm-Sv kz-tZ-in-bm-b bphm-hn-s\ t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øp. Im-hpw-`m-Kw l-b¿-sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iq-fn-se ]Ømw X-cw hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-Wv _-_n-X. kv-Iqƒ bm{X-bv-°n-sS Kp-Uvsj-Uv tdm-Uv Fw.sI.kn _n¬Un-Mn-se cm-b≥ _m-_p- F-∂ A-ºm-Sn-bp-am-bn {]W-b-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂-p. C-Xv ho-´p-Im¿ hn-e-°n-bXnep-≈ hnj-aam-Wv B-fl-l-Xy°v Im-c-W-am-b-sX∂mWv t]m-en-kn-\v e-`n-® kq-N-\. ]m-\q¿ kn.sF. hn hn s_-∂n-°m-Wv tI-k-t\z-j-W Np-a-X-e. ktlm-Z-c-߃: jn-_n-\m-kv, jn-_n-\.

kzÀ-W-¸-Wn-¡m-c³ Im-dn-Â a-cn-¨\n-e-bnÂ

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: \-K-c-Øn-se Pz-√-dn-I-fn¬ B-`-cW-߃ \n¿-an-®p-\¬-Ip-∂-bm-sf Im-dn-\p≈n¬ acn-®\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. tIm-´-bpw In-S-ßq¿ kuØn-se a-‰-Øn¬ lu-kn¬ \-S-cm-P-s\(51)bm-Wv C-∂-se cm-hn-se 12Hm-sS ]-≈w tdm-Un-se k-_v Pbn-en-\v ]n-∂n¬ \n¿-Øn-bn-´ Im-dn¬ a-cn-®\n-ebn¬ I-≠-Xv. 30 h¿-j-am-bn \-K-c-Øn-se Pz-√-dn-I-fn¬ B-`-cW-߃ \n¿-an-®p\¬-In-h-cp∂ \-S-cm-P≥ 15 h¿-jtØm-f-am-bn ]-∂n-∏m-d-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_-k-ta-Xw Xm-akn-®p-h-cn-I-bm-bncp-∂p. I-Æq-cn¬ Iw-]yq-´¿ tIm-gvkn-\v ]Tn-°p-∂ a-I≥ k-Xy-s\ cm-hn-se s{S-bn≥I-b-‰nhn-´v Im¿ ÿn-c-am-bn ]m¿-°v sN-øm-dp-≈ k_v P-bn¬ ]-cn-k-c-sØ a-c-Ø-W-en¬ F-Øn-b-Xmbn-cp-∂p. aq-Ø-a-I≥ Kn-cn-cm-P-t\m-Sv cm-hn-se 11Hm-sS Im-k¿tIm-Uv {Sm-^n-Iv k¿-°n-fn-\v k-ao-]w F-Øm≥ Bh-iy-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. F-∂m¬ ]n-Xm-hn-s\ Im-Wm-ØXn-s\- Xp-S¿-∂v Im¿ ]m¿-°v sN-øp-∂ ÿ-e-Øv ]cn-tim-[n-®-t∏m-gmWv a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. arX-tZlw t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰n\p tijw _‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-c-ta-iz-c≥-. am-Xm-hv: A-Ωn-Wn. `m-cy: Kn-cn-P. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ir-jv-W≥-Ip-´n, kp-μ-c≥, A-∏p-°p-´≥, ]p-jv-°-e.

temdn C-Sn¨v kv-Iq-«Àbm-{Xn-I a-cn-¨p Nm-e-°p-Sn: kv-Iq-´-dn¬ tSm-d-kv tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v kv-Iq-

ap-l-½-Zv

cm-aÀ \m-bÀ

kp-sse-am³

_n-¿p-½

Ip-ªn-ap-l-½-Zv -

Pm-hn-Zv

Nn-cp-X-¡p-«n -

sh-fn-ap-°v: I-√-S-sØmSn-bn¬ a-W-°-S-h≥ apl-Ω-Zv (89). `m-cy: D-Ωm®p. a-°ƒ: ]m-Øp-Ωp, ap-l-Ω-Zv, B-bn-im-_ohn, J-Zo-P, kp-ss_-Z, k-^n-b,A-–p¬ Ako-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-ss_-Z, ap-l-Ω-Zv, ssk-X-e-hn, ssk-X-e-hn, k-^n-b, ap-l-Ω-Zv.

A-cq¿: I-f-Øn¬ c-ma¿ \m-b¿ (87). a-°ƒ. t{]-an, cm-[, ca-Wn, Zn-t\-i≥(am-Xr`q-an G-P-‚ v A-cq¿), a-cp-a-°ƒ. _m-e-Irjv-W≥ (sN-Ω-cØq¿), _m-e≥ (]p-dta-cn), \m-cm-b-W≥ (Nm-\n-bw-I-S-hv), kPn-\ (tIm-´-∏-≈n).

a-t©-cn: B-a-bq¿ ]p-fntß-m-´-p-]p-dw ]-tc-X-\mb Im-cm-´-p-Ip-f-ß-c Ip™-m-en-bp-sS a-I≥ kpsse-am≥ (53). `m-cy: Pao-e. a-°-ƒ: ^n-tdm-kv (Pn-±) d-Po-\, D-Ω-p-Ip¬kp. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: Fw sI A-–-p¬ a-Po-Zv, A-ø-q-_v I-S-h-Ø-v F-S-h-Æ. ktlm-Z-c-ß-ƒ: A-e-hnlm-Pn, ko-Xn, A-_q-_°-¿.-

I-Æ-aw-K-ew: Ip-‰q¿t\m¿-Øv ap-°n-e-∏o-Sn-I ]-tc-X-\m-b sXm-Ω-ßmS≥ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy ]m-a-ßm-S≥ _n-øp-Ω (85). a-°ƒ: D-Ω¿ (Z-Ωmw), A-_q-_-°¿ (Pn-±), JZo-P, ]m-Øp-Ωp, a-dn-bpΩ, \-^o-k, ]-tc-X-bmb dp-Jn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssl-{Zp, D-kv-am≥, d-kmJv, a-dn-bp-Ω, \-^o-k.

Xm-\m-fq¿: ]-≈n-∏-Sn aqØm-´v Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv (75). `m-cy: ]m-Øp-Ω. a°ƒ: A-–p- -emw, kpsse-am≥ (C-cp-h-cpw A¬-sF≥), kp-ss_¿, d-jo-Zv, kp-sse-J, \-kod, k-Pv-\, k-_v\. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-en, \u-jm-Zv, \m-k¿, \-ko¿, \p-kv-dØv, lm-P-d, J-Zo-P, Pko-d. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: apl-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, ssk-Xm-en.

h-S-I-c: Su¨ a-¬kyam¿-°-‰n-se I-®-h-S°m-c≥ h-c-{]-Øv Pm-hnZv (40). apkvenw eo-Kns‚ {]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-Wv. `m-cy: sNm-°n-bn¬ khm-ln-Z. a-°ƒ: a¿-Pm-\ Pn-lm-\, j¿-l-_o¬. ]n-Xm-hv: h-c-{]-Øv AΩm-´n, am-Xm-hv: \-^ok. k-tlm-Z-cn-am¿: Xmln-d, tdm-kn-\.

F-S-°-c: h-gn-°-S-hv ]q-ΔØn-s]m-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb In-fn-hm-bn¬ sN-°p-´nbp-sS `m-cy tI-fn-t°mS≥ Nn-cp-X-°p-´n(90). a°ƒ: im-c-Z, eo-e, N{μ≥, ssa-Yn-en, ]-tc-Xcm-b th-em-bp-[≥, ]-dtßm-S≥, kp-tc-{μ≥.- acp-a-°ƒ: hn-em-kn-\n, Ieym-Wn, k-‘y, ]-flm-hXn, {]-Im-iv, ]-tc-X-cm-b Ir-jv-W≥, `m-kv-I-c≥.-

´¿ bm-{Xn-I a-cn-®p.- t\m¿-Øv Nm-e-°p-Sn ]-≈n-°v k-ao-]w In-g-°q-´v ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-c-s‚ a-Iƒ e£v-an Ip-dp-∏v(52)- B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.- C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v A-_Z-v p A-ko-k-v Xn-cq-cß - m-Sn: B-km-Zv \-Kd - n- 4.30-Hm-sS ]-\-ºn-≈n tIm-f-Pn-\v k-ao-]w ]m-∏m-fn se ]-tc-X\ - m-b ]-dº - ≥ A- PMv-j-\nem-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw.- t]-\m-{º-bn-se kzIm-cy {I-j-d¿ Po-h-\-°m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- kw-kv-Im_q-_° - d - n-s‚ a-I≥ A-_vZp¬ A-ko-kv (59).- am-Xm-hv:- cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v aq∂n\v \-K-c-k-`m {In-an-t‰m-dn-b]-tc-Xb - m-b Xn-Øp-cp-Ω.- `m- Øn¬. amXmhv: h-≈n-b-Ω.- k-tlm-Z-cn: -]m¿-h-Xn. cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b J-Zo-P. a - °ƒ: k-lo¿, ^m-bn-kv (Ccp-hc - pw dn-bm-Zv), kp-aø - . a-cpa-°ƒ: A-Uz.-ap-lΩ - Z- v jaow, ap-^o-Z ^¿-km-\. ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: Ip-™n- a - p-lΩ-Zv, ap-kX v- ^ - (C-cp-hc - pw JØ¿), lw-kØ - v, J-Zo-P.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: tN¿-Ø-e-bn-ep-≠m-b hm-l-\m-]-I-SØn¬ sIm-c-´n kz-tZ-in a-cn-®p. -Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p-∂v ]mem-´n ]u-tem-kn-s‚ a-I≥ sk-_n(46)-bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv.- hym-gm-gv-N ]p-e¿-s® aq∂n\v tN¿-Ø-e-bn-se ]´-W-°m-´m-bn-cp-∂p A]-ISw.- Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p-∂n¬ \n∂pw tIm-gn-bp-am-bn t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p h-≠n as‰m-cp hml-\sØ a-dn-I-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS tSm-d n¬ C-Sn-°pI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: em-en.- a-°ƒ: Aeo-\ (-tZ-io-b kv-Iqƒ _m-kv-°-Øv t_mƒ Xm-cw),k-do-\.

a-kv-¡¯n \ncym-X-\mbn s]-c-¨³

tKm-]m-e³

N-{µ³

]p-jv-]-h-Ãn

I-eym-Wn

A-½m-fp- A-½

th-ep

]-ß-\m-`³ \m-bÀ

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: Np-≠-∏p-dw In-f-®m¿ ho-´n¬ s]-c-®≥ (89). `m-cy: tZ-h-In. a-°ƒ: N-{μ-a-Xn, P-b-cm-P≥, ]-¶P, a-[p, i¿-an-f.

h-S-I-c: H-©n-bw I-∏-≈ns∏m-bn¬ sI.]n tKm-]me≥ (66). `m-cy: \m-cm-bWn. a-°ƒ: k-an-X, kp-c`n-Zm-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Zn-t\i≥, ku-Pn-j.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: ]p-Ø≥]o-Sn-I ]n hn N-{μ≥ (cm-[p-˛65) _mw•qcn¬ acn®p. am-Xm-hv: im-c-Z. `m-cy: kp-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: cm-lp¬, tc-jv-a.

\-S-°m-hv: Ip-∂-ØpXm-gw h-b-en¬ hm-enbn¬ ho-´n¬ ]p-jv-]-h√n (49). `¿-Øm-hv: kptc-{μ≥. a-I≥: kp-_ojv.

ap-°w: ap-tØ-cn a-¥-e tXm-´-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b {io-[-c-s‚ `m-cy B-\-{]®m-en¬ I-eym-Wn (68). a-°ƒ: kp-`m-jn-Wn, hn`m-h-Xn.

a-S-hq¿: Im-{º-Øv-Ip∂v Ip-ø-Sn-bn¬ A-Ωmfp- A-Ω(85). k-tlm-Z-cn: ]-tc-X-bmb Nn-cp-X-°p-´n A-Ω.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: D-≈-Ww ap-≠n-b≥-Im-hv A-Ωm-dº-Øv th-ep (80). `m-cy: Im¿-Xym-b-\n. a-I≥: kp[o-jv. a-cp-a-Iƒ: \n-j.

D-≈n-tb-cn: ]n-‰° - ≠ - n ]fl-\m-`≥ \m-b¿ (80). `m-cyam¿: \m-cm-bW - n, ao-\m-£n. a-°ƒ: tkm-a≥ (kvt- ]m¿-Svkv A-tXm-dn-‰n Hm-^v C-¥y, B-e∏ - p-g), kp-aX - n.

bp-h-Xn sh-t«-äp a-cn-¨ tIkv: hn-e-¡p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn-¨v "KÀ-`-{io-am³' Xn-tb-ä-dp-I-fn-te-¡v `À-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-³ A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sI.sP s{]m-U-£≥-kn-s‚ _m-\dn¬ {]-i-kv-X Om-bm-{Km-lI≥ A-\n¬ tKm-]n-\m-Yv kwhn-[m-\w sNøp∂ K¿-`-{ioam≥ -hn-e-°p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn®v Xntb-‰-dp-I-fn-te-°v. ]p-cpj≥ K¿-`w [-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂{]ta-b-Øn¬ \n¿an-°p∂ Nn{X-Øn-¬ kp-cm-Pv sh-™m-d-aqSv BWv \m-b-I≥. C-tX B-i-b-w Dƒ-s°m-≠v kn-\n-a-sbm-cp-°m≥ {i-an-®n-cp∂ kp-[o-jvIp-am¿ K¿-`-{io-ams‚ Xn-c-°-Ybv-°v X-s‚ I-Ybp-am-bn km-ay-ap-s≠-∂v Btcm-]n-®v s^-^v-I-sbbpw s{]m-Uyq-tk-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j-s\-bpw k-ao-]n-®n-cp-∂p.

B-tcm-]-W-Øn¬ I-g-ºn-s√∂-Xn-\m¬ A-h¿ ]-cm-Xn X≈n-. Xp-S¿-∂v kp-[o-jv Pn-√m tIm-S-Xn-sb- k-ao-]n-®p. Xn-c°-Y-Iƒ c-≠pw ]-cn-tim-[n-®v km-ay-an-s√-∂v tIm-S-Xn hn-ebn-cp-Øn. Xp-S¿-∂v kn-\n-a-bpsS dn-eo-kn-Mv X-S-bm≥ sslt°m-S-Xn-sb k-ao-]n-®v tà hm-ßn. F-∂m-¬, Pn-√m tIm-SXn-°v A-©p-e-£w cq-] _m-¶v Kym-c‚n \¬-In Nn-{Xw dn-eo-kv sN-øm≥ ssl-t°m-S-Xn D-Øhn-´p. hm¿- Ø m- k - t Ω- f - \ - Ø n¬ kw-hn-[m-b-I≥ A-\n¬ tKm]n-\m-Yv, Xn-c-°-Ym-Ir-Øv kph-N≥, \-Sn Ku-cn-Ir-jv-W ]s¶-Sp-Øp.

I-bv-]-aw-K-ew (Xriq¿): Im-fap-dn-bn¬ bp-h-Xn sh-t´-‰p a-cn® tIkn¬ `¿-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-≥ A-d-Ãn¬. ]-≈n-∏-d-ºn¬ C-kvam-Cu¬(40) B-Wv A-d-Ãn-emb-Xv. k-tlm-Z-c≥ C-kv-lm-Jen-bp-sS `m-cy Pm-kv-an-\m(38)Wv C-kv-am-Cuen-s‚ sh-t´-‰v acn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw cm-hnse H-º-tXm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. H-fn-hn¬t]m-b {]-Xn sIm-Sp-ß√q¿ t]m-en-kn¬ Io-g-S-ßp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kn.sF sI sP ]o‰-dpw kw-L-hpw C-bm-fp-sS A-dÃv tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn. {]-Xn-bpw sIm-√-s∏-´ Pm-kvan-\pw \m-fp-I-fm-bn X¿°-Ønem-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-\nsS th-en sI-´p-∂-Xn-\n-sS s]-s´-∂p-≠m-

C-kv-am-Cu¬ b X¿-°-am-Wv sIme-bn¬ Iem-in-®-sX-∂pw {]-Xn t]m-enkn-t\m-Sp k-Ω-Xn-®p. th-en sI´m\m-bn X-dn-Iƒ sh-´m≥ I-cpXn-b I-ØnsIm≠mWv {]-Xn Pmkvans\ IpØn-b-Xv.

20 e-£-¯n-sâ kzÀ-Ww ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn I-cn-∏q¿: F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-®p-I-S-Øn-b 20 e-£-Øn-s‚ 699 {Kmw kz¿-Ww F-b¿ I-Ãw-kv C‚-en-P≥-kv ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn. C-∂-se tZm-l-bn¬-\n-∂v F-b¿C-¥ym F-Iv-kv-{]- v hnam-\-Øn¬ I-cn-∏q-cn-se-Øn-b sIm-Sp-h-≈n h-en-b-]-d-ºv ap-lΩ-Zv a≥-kq-dn(32)¬- \n-∂m-Wp Ch ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n-\p-≈nse _m-‰-dn-bp-sS ÿm-\-Øv 24 I- j - W - ß - f m- ° n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p kz¿-W-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. F-Ivkv-td ]-cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ kw-ibwtXm-∂n A-[n-Ir-X¿ ]-cntim-[n-®-t∏m-gm-Wp kz-¿-Ww Is≠-Øn-b-Xv.

]p-∂-bq¿-°p-fw: s]-cn-b-º-ew am-\-ho-bw tdm-Un¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX-°q-´v k-l-tZ-h≥ a-I≥ s]m-t∂mØv tem-ln-Xm-£≥ (58) a-kv-°-Øn¬ lr-Z-bm-LmXwaq-ew a-cn-®p. I-gn-™ sNm-Δm-gvN cm-hn-se Xm-ak-ÿ-e-Øp \n-∂v tPm-enÿ-e-tØ-°v t]m-hp-∂Xn-\n-sS A-kzÿX A-\p-`-h-s∏-´ Ct±-lsØ DS≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\mbn-√. H-cp am-kw ap-ºm-Wv \m-´n¬ h-∂v a-S-ßn-b-Xv. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 9\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. am-Xmhv: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-Ωm-fp. `m-cy: \-μn-\n. a-°ƒ: Xr-]vXn, kv-t\-l (hn-Zym¿-Yn). a-cp-a-I≥: B-Z¿-iv.

sI.F-kv.C._n. Km-Uv-KnÂ: tIm¬-{K-Ên-\pw IcmÀ Po-h-\-¡m-c³ kn.]n.F-½n-\pw \n-e-]m-Sv t¡-äp a-cn-¨p B-e-Øq¿: sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂am-tä-−-Xm-bn h-cpw: ]n Sn tXm-a-kv tjmXn-\n-sS sI.F-kv.C._n. I-cm¿ B-ep-h: Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´ns\ F-Xn¿-°p-∂ \n-e-]m-Sn¬ \n-∂p kn.]n.Fw., tIm¨-{K-kv Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈ ap-Jym-[m-cm cm{„o-b ]m¿-´n-Iƒ-°v C-∂-s√¶n¬ \m-sf ]n-∑m-td-≠n-h-cp-sa∂v ap≥ Fw.]n. ]n Sn tXm-a-kv. B-ep-h ]-cn-ÿn-Xn kw-c-£W-kw-L-Øn-s‚ `q-anan-{X ]p-ckv-Im-cw P-Ãn-kv sI kp-Ip-am-c\n¬ \n-∂v G-‰p-hm-ßn kw-kmcn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ F∂pw F-Xn¿-°p-∂-h-sc N-cn{Xw N-h‰p-Ip´-bn-te-°p X-≈psa-∂ Im-cy-Øn¬ kw-i-bw th≠. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ A-

\p-Iq-en-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cn¬ h-f-sctb-sd {]-bm-k-߃ hy-‡n-]c-am-bn X-\n-°p t\-cn-tS-≠n-hs∂-¶n-epw C-Xn¬ Zp-xJ-an-√. ]›n-a-L-´-a-e-\n-c-Iƒ C-t∏mƒ kw-c-£n-°m≥ I-gn-™n-s√¶n¬ ]n-∂o-Sv H-cn-°-epw I-gn-bn√. C-Sp-°n-bpƒ-s∏-sS G-Xm\pw Pn-√-I-fn-se I¿-j-I-sc _m-[n-°p-∂ {]-iv-\-߃ am-{Xam-bn C-Xn-s\ ]-cn-an-X-s∏-SpØ-cp-sX∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d™p. N-S-ßn¬ A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv Fw.F¬.F., Nn-∂≥ sI ss]\m-S-Øv, kn B¿ \o-e-I-WvT≥, C-kv-abn¬ kw-km-cn-®p.

Po-h-\-°m-c≥ tjm-t°-‰p a-cn®p. B-eØq¿ _m-¶vtdm-Uv ]-d-°p∂w c-¶-s‚ aI≥ Ip-©pth-e≥ (42) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. F-cn-a-bq¿ tXm-´p-]me-sØ- k-ao-]-sØ t]m-kv-‰n¬ sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bmWv kw-`-hw. D-S≥ B-e-Øq-cnse B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw a-c-n-®p. `m-cy: kp-kv-an-X. a-°ƒ: B-cy, A-Jn-e, A-RvP\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ir-jv-W≥.


8

thÀ-]mSv

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

06 Pq¨ 2014 sh≈n

Ip-Spw-_ h-g-¡v: ]n-Xm-hn-sâ Ip-t¯-äv a-I³ a-cn-¨p

i-in-I-e -Ip-am-cn

tZ-h-In-b-½

a-kq-Zv

I-a-e-½

^m-¯n-am- Ip-ªv

A-¸p-¡p-«³ \m-bÀ

hn-im-em-£n

]m-∏-\w-tIm-Sv: πm-¶m-eap-°v hn.F-kv `-h-\n¬ hn-P-b-Ip-am-dn-s‚ `m-cy i-in-I-e Ip-am-cn (40). a°-ƒ: A-\o-jv, A-`n-tjIv.

ITn-\w-Ip-fw: Nm-∂m-¶c h-S-t° Nm-∂m-¶-c lu-kn¬ tZ-h-In-b-Ω (78).

In-fn-am-\q¿: dn-´. slUv-am-Ã-dpw \m-S-I-\-S\pw hn¬-∏m-´v I-em-Im-c\p-am-b In-fn-an-\q¿ a-Wte-Øp-]-® sse-em hnem-k-Øn¬ a-kq-Zv (82).`m-cy: B-cn-^m-_ohn. a-°ƒ: jm-\-hm-kv, tkm-^n-bm-_o-Kw. a-cp-a°ƒ: jo-P, ap-l-Ω-Zv bq-k-^v (sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn, s\-Sp-aßm-Sv).

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: ]p-fn-amØv hn-P-bm a≥-kn-en¬ kp-Ip-am-c-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy I-a-e-Ω (76). a°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am-cn, hnP-b-Ip-am-cn, hn-iz-{]-`, hn-iz-e-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sI Pn-\-N-{μ≥ \m-b¿, F≥ hm-a-tZ-h≥ \m-b¿, sI hn-P-b≥ \m-b¿, B¿ t{]-a-N-{μ≥.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: t]mØ≥-tIm-Sv A-bn-cq-∏m-d Xn-∏-en-t°m-Ww {io-`-h\n¬ Sn sI A-∏p-°p-´≥ \m-b¿ (93). `m-cy: Ir-jvW-Ω. a-°ƒ: P-b-Ip-amcn, Kn-cn-P-Ip-am-cn, Ko-XIp-am-cn, A-Pn-X-Ip-am-cn, l-cn-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cLp-\m-Y≥ \m-b¿, ap-cfo-[-c≥ \m-b¿ (Ip-≠d), ap-c-fo-[-c≥ \m-b¿, kn-‘p-Ip-am-cn, ]-tc-X\m-b Xp-f-ko-[-c≥ \mb¿.

I-√-d: a-lm-tZ-h¿ ]-® N-cp-hn-f ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b P-\m¿-Z-\-s‚ `m-cy hn-im-em-£n (84). a°ƒ: cm-[, eo-e, cm-P≥ (I-√-d am¿-Øm-fi≥), km-º-≥, Hm-a-\, kp-tc{μ-\m-Yv, c-hn, a-[p-P-\m¿Z-\≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-Wp, ]-tc-X-\m-b iin-[-c≥, ]p-jv-]-h-√n, cmP-e-X, {]-k-∂≥, jo-e, kn-‘p, I-hn-X.

Pm-\I - n

X-¦½-

C-cn-´n: D-f-n-bn¬ h-´-°b-sØ ]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ Fw- ]n \m-cm-b-W≥ \ºym¿ (65). A-hn-hm-lnX-\m-Wv.

F-S° - c - : Xm-sg am-am-¶c s]-cp-º≈ - n-°p-t∂¬ ]u-tem-kv (53).- `m-cy: Fm-en-bm-Ω.- a-°ƒ: en-X t]mƒ, en-Pn t]mƒ, F¬-tZm-kv, en-\n t]mƒ. -

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Xp-≠Øn¬ ]p-Xp-h¬-]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A_q-_-°¿ e-∫-bp-sS `mcy ^m-Øn-am-Ip-™v (85). a-°ƒ: kp-ss_¿-Ip-™v (k-em-e), kp-sse-am≥ (_n-kn-\-kv), B-cn-^m_o-hn, \p-ssk-^m-_o-hn, A-–p¬-d-jow (t]m-en-kv h-Ip-∏v), e-Øo-^m-_o-hn, A-–p¬-k-emw (k-em-e), _-Z-dp-±o≥ (k-em-e). a-cpa-°ƒ: A-–p¬ J-cow aue-hn N-h-d, Pm-kv-an≥, jmln-Zm-_o-hn, A-–p¬-dkm-Jv, \-ko-a (sS-Iv-\n°¬ F-Pyp-t°-j≥ hIp-∏v), kp-a-øm-_o-hn, P_o-\m-_o-hn. sN-º-g-¥n P-am-A-Øn¬ J-_-d-S-°n.

\o-te-iz-cw: tIm-fw-Ip-fØv Xm-ak - n-°p-∂ Cucm-´p-t]-´ I-fØ - q-°S- h - v h-cn-°m-\n-°¬ ho-´n¬ Pm-\I - n (98).

B-eØ - q¿: _m-¶v tdmUv ]-cp-h° - ¬ ]-tc-X\ - mb s]m-∂p-hn-s‚ `m-cy X¶-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: I-ae - w, ]-tc-X\ - m-b cm-a≥-Ip-´n.

A-_q-_-¡À

]p-\-eq¿: Ip-Spw-_-h-g-°n-s\ Xp-S¿-∂p ]n-Xm-hn-s‚ Ip-tØ-‰v a-I≥ a-cn-®p. I-c-hm-fq¿ h-√m-‰v N-cp-hn-f ]pØ≥ ho-´n¬ _n-\n¬(26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. kw-`-h-hpam-bn _-‘-s∏-´v _n-\n-en-s‚ ]n-Xm-hv Ip-™-®-s\ t]m-en-kv I-Ã-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øp. sNm-Δm-gv-N ssh-Io´m-Wv kw-`-hw. am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ X-Ωn-ep-≠m-b hmt°-‰-Øn-¬ _n-\n¬ C-Skp-Ip-am-c³ s]-´-tXm-sS- X¿-°w kwt]-bm-Sv: ]p-fn-b-d-t°mL¿-j-Øn-te-°v h-gn-am-dnWw sNm-Δ-≈q¿ sN-dn-b- b-Xv. {]-tIm-]n-X-\m-b IpsIm-≠n I-´-d-°p-gn ta™-®≥ Sm-∏n-Mv I-Øn Dte ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ Pn ]-tbm-Kn-®v a-I-s\ Ip-Øpkp-Ip-am-c≥ (70). `m-cy: I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Kp-cp-X-c-amcm-P-Ω. a-°ƒ: k-Pn, _n- bn ]-cn-t°-‰ C-bm-sf ]pPp, _m-_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-eq¿ Xm-eq-°m-ip-]-{Xnkp-aw, i-in-I-e, im-enbn-epw Xp-S¿-∂v Xn-cp-h-\\n. ¥-]p-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fPv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw {]Im-knw ap³-jn th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn-tbm-sS a-cnXr-°-cn-∏q¿: dn-´. A-d®p. hn-tZ-i-Øm-bn-cp-∂ _n-\n¬- A-Sp-Øn-sS-bm-Wv _n-Iv A-[ym-]-I≥ sh\m-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. Sm-∏n-Mv sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-Wv Ip-™≈m-∏n-se Fw Sn ]n Im®≥. h-’-Ω-bm-Wv _n-\n-en-s‚ am-Xm-hv. k-tlm-Zknw ap≥-jn (65). Nn-Øm- c≥ _n-Pp. cn, _o-cn-t®-cn, Iq-te-cn, sa-´-Ω¬ F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fnse K-h. F¬.]n kv-IqI-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw ho-Sn-\p-≈n-se Ipfn¬ Zo¿-L-Im-ew A-dfn-ap-dn-bn¬ Ip-g-™p-ho-Wv a-cn-® I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n K_n-Iv A-[ym-]-I-\m-bn h. bp.]n.Pn kv-Iq-fn-se A-[ym-]n-I kzm-lm-tZ{]-h¿-Øn-®n-cp-∂p. hn(42)s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw C-∂-se ]-I¬ c-≠n-\p bp.]n.Pn kv-Iq-fn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿-i-\-Øn-\v h-®p. kn Znhm-I-c≥ Fw.F¬.F, \-K-c-k-` sN-b¿-am≥ Fw A≥-km¿, Un Un k-t¥m-jv, F.C.H B-\-μ-Ip-am¿, \-K-c-k-` ssh-kv sN-b¿-t]-gv-k¨ e-£-an-tam-l≥, sI.F-kv.Sn.F Pn-√m {]-kn-U‚ v a-tl-jv-Ip-am¿, sk{I-´-dn Zm-tam-Z-c≥-]n-≈, kv-Iqƒ {]-[m-\m-[ym-]-I≥ Fw {]-Im-iv, A-[ym-]-I¿, hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ do-Øv h-®v A-¥n-tam-]-Nm-cw A¿-∏n-®p.Xp-S¿-∂v tIm-gn-t°m-Sv ]p-Ø≥-N-¥-bv-°v k-ao-]-ap-≈ Ip-Spw-_-ho-´n¬ \q-dpI-W-°n-\v \m-´p-Im-cp-sS-bpw _-‘p-°-fp-sS-bpw km\n-≤y-Øn¬ kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-∂p.

N-ß-\m-t»-cn: sIm-√w A-©¬-tlm-fn- ^m-anen aTmw-K-hpw Ip-dn-®n Im-™n-c-Øp-aq-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-´-∏≥˛A®m-Ω Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-Ifp-am-b kn-ÿ B≥-s¢b¿ (A-Ωn-Wn ˛61). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v hm-g-∏-≈n \nXym-c-[m-\- aTw h-I sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿: Ip∂n¬ kn-dm-Pp¬ D-epw a-Zv-d-k-°v k-ao-]-sØ sI A-_q-_-°¿ (66) `m-cy: \-_o-k. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v, \ujm-Zv, l¿-jm-°v, Bbn-j, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C-{_m-low, kp-a-ø. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ]-tc-X-cm-b A–p¬ -Jm-Z¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-–p¿d-lv-am≥, A∫m-kv, ^m-Øn-a.

c-a-Wn

k-tcm-Pn-\n-b-½

A-\nÂ-Ip-amÀ

e-fn-X

ao-\m-£n-b-½

X-¦-¸³

k-tcm-Pn-\n

ku-Zm-an-\n-b-½

\-K-cq¿: sIm-Sp-h-g-∂q¿ ]-¥p-hn-f-°p-gn-bn¬ ho´n¬ {]-Xm-]-s‚ `m-cy c-aWn (45). a-°ƒ: c-ay, A]¿-W. a-cp-a-I≥: l-cn-Zmkv.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]-dºp-ap-°n¬ cm-L-h-hnem-k-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb cm-L-h≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy sI k-tcm-Pn-\n-bΩ (78). a-°ƒ: a-t\m-l-c≥ \mb¿, _m-lp-te-b≥ \mb¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b c-Lph-c≥ \m-b¿, D-Æn-Irjv-W≥ \m-b¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: sI e-£v-ao-tZ-hn, P-b-e-£v-an, {io-tZ-hn.

I-g-°q-´w: I-g-°q-´w Ipan-gn-°-c jo-Pm `-h-\n¬ A-\n¬-Ip-am¿. `m-cy: Hma-\. a-°ƒ: jo-P, jo-_. a-cp-a-I≥: k-Xn.

In-fn-am-\q¿: Xp-≠n¬°-S jo-em `-h-\n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]n sI k-Zmin-h-s‚ `m-cy e-fn-X (77). a-°-ƒ: A-P-b≥, jo-e (d-_¿ -t_m¿-Uv), kp-[o¿ (sIm-ta-gv-ky¬ Sm-Iv-kv), tUm. _n-μp. acp-a-°ƒ: t{K-kn, tUm. tam-l≥-Zm-kv, A-Uz. ip-`, tUm. kp-tc-jv.

\-K-cq¿: tXm-´-bv-°m-Sv tIm-W-Øv ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b {io-[c-°p-dp-∏n-s‚ `m-cy ao\m-£n-b-Ω (78). a-°ƒ: tKm-]n-∏n-≈, tKm-]m-e-°p-dp-∏v, ]-tcX-\m-b Xp-f-ko-[-c-°pdp-∏v. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: P-b-Ipam-cn, jo-e, kp-h¿-WIp-am-cn.

N-h-d: a-S-∏-≈n Ip-f-ß-c ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ X-¶-∏≥(89). `m-cy: tKm-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: X-¶-Ω, kp-tc-{μ≥, k-c-k-Ω, c-ho-{μ≥, ]-tcX-bm-b cm-P-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥, e-X, sI sP i-in-[-c≥, {io-eX, ]-tc-X-\m-b k-Zm-\μ≥.

im-kv-Xmw-tIm-´: ]-Sn™m-td-I-√-S sF-tØm´p-hm t]-cn-b-gn-I-Øv(F°w-ho-Sv)]-tc-X-\m-b kZm-in-h-s‚ `m-cy k-tcmPn-\n(90). a-°ƒ: im-¥-Ip-am-cn, AΩn-Wn, s]m-∂-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ≥, cm-[mIr-jv-W≥.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sN-dnb-sIm-Æn a-W-ºq-cv Aiz-Xn `-h-\n¬ ku-Zm-an\n-b-Ω (65). k-tlm-Zc≥: _n c-ho-{μ≥ \mb¿.

kp-l-d l-Öp-½

I-eym-Wn A-½

kp-[m-IÀ tj-Wm-bn

^m-¯n-a-

Im-™-ßm-Sv: \-K-c-Ønse B-Zy-Im-e io-Xf]m-\o-b D-¬-∏m-Z-\ Iº-\n D-S-a-I-fn-sem-cm-fmb Im-™-ßm-s´ sI kp-[m-I¿ tj-Wm-bn (66).

Xp-Δq¿: sX-°pw-]p-dsØ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-∂Øv sam-bv-Xp-´n-bp-sS `mcy ^m-Øn-a (75). a°ƒ: A-–p¬ P-eo¬, J-Zo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _pjv-d, bq-\-kv.

C-cn-°q¿: Iq-cm-cn ]p-Xnb-]p-c- sam-bn-e-Øv ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX-°pºm-Øv ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `mcy ]n Fw kp-l-d l÷p-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: jp°q¿ (td-j≥ Uo-e¿, Ccn-°q¿), A-–¬ -d-kmJv, lp-k-bv≥ lm-Pn.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: D-Zn-\q-cnse ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-cam-cm-dp-sS `m-cy hn hn Ieym-Wn A-Ω (87). a°ƒ: _m-_p-cm-Pv, ]fln-\n, t_-_n Kn-cn-P. acp-a-°ƒ: kp-{]-`, ]-tcX-\m-b {io-[-c-am-cm¿.

B-cy-\m-Sv: tIm-´-bv-°Iw t]-gpw-I-´-bv-°m¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sSbn-e¿ kp-μ-tc-i-s‚ `mcy k-Xo-tZ-hn (80). a°ƒ: kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, ]tc-X-\m-b k-t¥m-jv-Ipam¿, km-_p, k-Pn, kpj-a, kp-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]ao-f, {io-tZ-hn, ko-a, Bi, A-tim-I≥, lm-jnw. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hnse 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

kn-ÌÀ B³-s¢-bÀ

am-ap

\m-cm-b-W³

C-kv-a-bnÂ-Ip-«n

]u-tem-kv

kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-¯n

k-Xo-tZ-hn

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: A-cn-b√q¿ h-S-s° s\-t√-cn tKm-]m-e≥ (76). `m-cy: kp-io-e. a-Iƒ: in¬-∏.

C-√n-°¬: I-e-b-t¶-cnbn¬ C-kv-a-bn¬-Ip-´n (85). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v Xm-g-Øßm-Sn PpapA a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\¬. a-°ƒ: A-–p-¬ A-ko-kv (kuZn), A-_q-_-°¿, B-an\, sse-e, ^m-Øn-a _ohn, jo-_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jm-lp¬ l-ao-Zv, \ujm-Zv, jm-Pn. P-eo¬, sF-j, sd-Po-\.

tPmÀ-Pv tXm-a-kv

ti-J-c³

Ìo-^³

am-Xyp Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

k®n-tXm-a-kv

Nmt¡m

Cu¸³

Nm-¡p-®n

Xn-S-\m-Sv: tIm-°m-´v tPm¿-Pv tXm-a-kv (tIm-°mS≥ ˛58). kw-kv-Im-cw \msf cm-hn-se 10.30 \v I∏m-Sv am¿-«o-hm-]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: eu-en, Im-fsI-´n Im-°-√n¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: Nn-∂p ( ku-Zn), Nm-cp.

Nm-h-°m-Sv-: H-cp-a-\-bq¿ hn-√yw-kv- ta-∏p-d-Øv- tiJ-c≥(69). `m-cy: hn-tim-Zc. a-°ƒ: ko-a, iymwem¬, tkm-Wn-tamƒ. acp-a-I≥: _m-_p-cm-Pv (JØ¿).

D-g-hq¿: B-\m-en¬ F sI Ão-^≥(F-Ø-s°m®v ˛85). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n∂o-Sv. `m-cy: Nn-∂-Ω, Ab¿-°p-∂w ]q-th-en¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: tPm-bn, jo-e (C-cp-h-cpw bp.F-kv.F), k-Æn (tem-°¬ sk-{I-´-dn kn.]n.sF D-g-hq¿). a-cpa-°ƒ: a-dn-bm-Ω, kn-knen, tXm-a-kv.

X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv: X-e∏m-d ]m-e-®p-h-´n¬ amXyp-Ip-cym-t°m-kv (Ip´n-t®-´≥ ˛84). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 2.30 \v X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv ]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv X-øn¬ t{X-kym-Ω. a°ƒ:tPm-bn, kn-kn-‰¿ kn-kn-en, a-dn-bm-Ω, k-Pn, cm-Pp, tXm-a-kv, X-¶-®≥, tSm-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ:^n-en-∏v, tagv-kn, do-\, Ip-™ptamƒ, sIm-®p-dm-Wn, Zo-]. ]-tc-X-bm-b h¬k-Ω.

a√∏≈n: ]m-e-°m-aÆnem-b Iq-S-Øpw-ap-dnbn¬ kÆn-tPm-a-kv(55). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf sshIo´v 2.30\v a-Wn-a-e Xn-cplr-Z-b-]-≈n-bn¬. `mcy: B≥-kn(]n.F-®v.kn. a°-∏pg). a-Wn-a-e Ip-Snbn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. a°ƒ: k-®n≥, km\n.

Xn-cph√: Nm-ض-cn aWn-bm-∏-d-ºnem-b I-cpam-Sn-®n-d-bn¬ sI kn Nmt°m (67). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂oSv. `mcy: B\n. a°ƒ: _n\p, _n-Pp,knt\mkv. a-cp-a°ƒ: sP n, Pn≥kn, tPm-tamƒ.

Xn-cph√: tIm-bn{]w sN-º-\m¬ tbm-l∂m≥ Cu-∏≥ (84). kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 11.30\v tIm-bn{]w sk‚ v ]o-t‰-gv-kv ae-¶c I-tØm-en-° ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: Ip™-Ω. a°ƒ: s]m∂-Ω, kqkn, ]-tcX\m-b Ip-™p-tam≥. acp-a°ƒ: cmP≥, km_p.

I√n-ticn: I√n-ti-cn No-c≥-kv ho-´n¬ kn sF Nm-°p-Æn(83). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v ap-∂n-\v D-a-bm-‰p-I-c sk‚ v tXma-kv Hm¿ØtUm-Iv-kv h-enb ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: am¿-Ø(t_-_n). Ip-∂Ip-fw Ip-Øq¿ Ip-Spw_mw-K-amWv. a-°ƒ: P∂n(B-kv-t{X-enb), s_‰vkn, tkm^n. a-cpa°ƒ: Ip-cy≥ tPm¨(B-kv-t{Xenb), A-\n¬ sN√m´v, tImin.

C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g Kh. bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p kao-]w sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv lu-kn¬ th-en-°-IØv am-ap (82). C-cn-°q-dnse ]-g-b-Im-e I-S-e hym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv ssk\-_. a-°ƒ: kp-l-d, Ip¬-kp-Ω, l-^v-k-Øv, d-jo-Z, ap-\o-d, sam-bvXo≥ Ip-´n (Kƒ-^v).

X-¦-a-Wn-b-½ Im-´m-°-S: I-≈n-°m-Sv s]-cn-™mw-I-S-hv e-£van \n-e-b-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-™p-Ir-jv-W-]n≈-bp-sS `m-cy X-¶-a-Wnb-Ω (75). a-°ƒ: kp-\n¬ Ip-am¿, {io-e-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-PnX-Ip-am-cn, am-[-h≥-Ip-´n \m-b¿.

tKm-]m-e³

B-bn-im-_n sN-dp-h-Æq¿: tIm-´-em-S ]-tc-X-\m-b ta-S-∏-d-ºn¬ sk-bv-Xm-en-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-im-_n (66). a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ \-Po-_v, A-_vZp¬ hm-ln-Zv (C-cp-h-cpw _n-kn-\-kv), kp-l-dm_n, k-°o-\, sj-l¿_m-\p, k-^n-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: tIm-b (A-c-°nW¿), a-Po-Zv (bp.F.C), jw-kp-±o≥.

_m-e-Ir-j-vW-¡p-dp-¸v Ip-‰ym-Sn: N-ß-cw-Ip-fw bp.]n kv-Iqƒ dn-´. A[ym-]-I≥ F-S-Øn-°≠n _m-e-Ir-jv-W-°p-dp∏v (85). `m-cy: hn-P-b-e£v-an.

Ip-ª-½-Zv hm-Wn-ta¬: sN-∂m-´v Ip-™-Ω-Zv (95). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: Ip-™-–p-√, aq , sam-bv-Xp, B-en-lk≥, l-eo-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xp, ]mØp, k-^n-b, B-bn-i, dm-_n-b.

`m-kv-¡-c³ F-S-∏m-ƒ: h-t∂-cn sNdm-bn¬ kn sI `m-kv-°c≥ (67). X-´m≥ k¿-hokv skm-ssk-‰n F-S∏mƒ bq-\n-‰v c-£m-[nIm-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: c-a-Wn. a-°ƒ: e¬-kn, c-Rv-Pn-X, c-ay. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-tP-jv (JØ¿), c-ta-iv.-

sN-dn-bm³ ]-´n-°m-Sv: Ip-dp-a-‰-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]u-tem-kv a-I≥ sN-dn-bm≥(63). `m-cy: t{K-kn. a-°ƒ: t•m-dn, tKm-Uv-en.

]mt¯ma ap≠-°¬: ]md-t∏ßm´v ]mtØma (70) . a°ƒ: tam\p-±o≥, ^mØna.

a-kv-¡-än lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw aq-ew a-cn-¨p

]p-∂-bq¿-°p-fw: s]-cn-b-º-ew am-\-ho-bw tdm-Un¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX-°q-´v k-l-tZ-h≥ a-I≥ s]m-t∂mØv tem-ln-Xm-£≥ (58) a-kv-°-‰n¬ lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw aq-ew a-cn-®p. I-gn-™ sNm-Δm-gv-® cm-hn-se Xm-a-kÿ-e-Øv \n-∂v tPm-en ÿ-e-tØ-°v t]m-Ip-∂-Xn-\nsS A-kz-kv-X-X A-\p-`-h-s∏-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-S≥ X-s∂ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c£n-°m-\m-bn-√. H-cp am-kw ap-ºm-Wv \m-´n¬ h-∂v aS-ßn-b-Xv. kw-kv-°m-cw: sh-≈n-bm-gv-® cm-hn-se 9 aWn-°v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-°pw. am-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-Ωm-fp. `m-cy: \-μn-\n. a-°ƒ: Xr-]v-Xn, kv-t\-l (hnZym¿-Yn) . a-cp-a-I≥: B-Z¿-iv.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n sIm-c-«n kz-tZ-in a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: tN¿-Ø-e-bn-ep-≠m-b hm-l-\m-]-I-SØn¬ sIm-c-´n kz-tZ-in a-cn-®p. -Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p-∂v ]mem-´n ]u-tem-kn-s‚ a-I≥ sk-_n(46)-bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv.- hym-gm-gv-N ]p-e¿-s® aq∂n\v tN¿-Ø-e-bn-se ]-´W-°m-Sv h-®m-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw.- Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p∂n¬ \n-∂pw tIm-gn-bp-ambn t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p tIm-gn h-≠n a-s‰m-cp h≠n-sb a-dn-I-S-°p-∂-Xn-\nsS tSm-d- n¬ C-Sn-®m-Wv A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-b-Xv.- `m-cy: em-en.- a-°ƒ: A-eo-\(-tZio-b kv-Iqƒ _m-kv-°-‰v t_mƒ Xm-cw),- sk-do-\.

\n-b-{´-Ww hn« temdn C-Sn¨v kv-Iq-«À bm-{Xn-I a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: kv-Iq-´-dn¬ tSm-d-kv tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v kv-Iq´¿ bm-{Xn-I a-cn-®p.- t\m¿-Øv Nm-e-°p-Sn ]-≈n-°v kao-]w In-g-°q-´v ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-c-s‚ a-Iƒ e-£v-an Ip-dp-∏v(52)-B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v 4.30-HmsS ]-\-ºn-≈n tIm-f-Pn-\v k-ao-]w ]m-∏m-fn PMv-j\n¬ h-®m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-ISw.- C-h¿ k-©-cn-®n-cp-∂ kv-Iq-´-dn¬ \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-´ tSm-d- v tem-dn C-Sn®m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw.- t]\m-{º-bn-se kz-Im-cy {Ij-d¿ Po-h-\-°m-cn-bm-bncp-∂p.- kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v aq∂n\v \-K-c-k-` {In-an-t‰m-dn-b-Øn¬. -AΩ: h-≈n-b-Ω.- k-tlm-Z-cn: -]m¿-Δ-Xn.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n ]-cn-t¡-äv Nn-In-Õ-bn-en-cp-¶ bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: A-⁄m-X hm-l-\-an-Sn-®v ]-cn-t°-‰v NnIn-’-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p.- Nm-e-°p-Sn h-St°-S-Øv kp-tc-jv _m-_p-hn-s‚ a-I≥ B-en-Øv(22)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.- {I-k‚ v kv-Iq-fn-\v k-ao-]w I-gn-™ P-\p-h-cn 27-\m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw.- Xp-S¿-∂v sh-√q¿ B-ip-]-{Xn Nn-In-’-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p.-

ap-l-½-Zv C-kv-am-bnÂ

\-S-cm-P³ B-Nm-cn

hÂ-k-e

Im-™n-c-∏-≈n : P-am-AsØ C-kv-em-an ap≥ {]-tZin-I A-ao-dpw dn-´-tb¿-Uv A-[ym-]-I-\p-am-b X-e-∏≈n-bn¬ Sn ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv Ckv-am-bn¬ lm-Pn (69). J_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn.- `m-cy: sse-e. ta-Ø-cp-ho-´n¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw. a-°-ƒ: kn-dmPv,\-Pv-an(F≥.-F-®v.-bp.-]n.F-kv Im-™n-c-∏-≈n), apl-Ω-Zv \-Zo¿ (sI.-F-kv.C._n I-f-a-t»-cn), ap-l-ΩZv A-kv-ew (C-¥y≥ Fw-_kn kv-Iqƒ ^p-ssP-d) A\o-kv, ssk-\-_p (Ãm-^v \-gv-kv ku-Zn). a-cp-a-°-ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ I-cow (am-[y-aw _n-kn-\-kv F-Iv-kn-Iyq-´nhv) a-kq-Zv (ku-Zn) , j-lo\, sj-an, ^u-kn, P-kn-b.

B-e-∏p-g: hn-Zym-`ym-k h-Ip-∏v dn-´. Po-h-\-°mc≥ hm-S-bv-°¬ sF-izcy-bn¬ \-S-cm-P≥ B-Nmcn (76). `m-cy: I-\-I-Ω. a°ƒ: tkm-a-cm-P≥, k\¬-Ip-am¿, kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿ (aq-h-cpw Kƒ-^v), kPn, dm-Wn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: joP, an-\n, tc-Wp-I, l-cnIp-am¿. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-°v 12\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: sN-ßm-eq¿ ]-d-ºn-°m-´n¬ cm-a-Ir-jvW≥ `m-cy h¬-k-e(65). kw-kv-Im-cw sh-≈n-bm-gv® ssh-Io-´v B-dn-\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: c-P-\n, A-ºn-fn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kptc-jv, i-in.

_m-_p N-ß-¶-cn: \m-ep-]p-c-bv°¬ _m-_p sI -B¿ (54). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: Hm-a-\. a-°ƒ: _n-¶p, A-\p, Nn-∏n. a-cp-aI≥: {io-Pn-Øv .

h-ln-X Nm-e-°p-Sn: Ip-‰n-°m-Sv Iq¿-°-a-‰w dn-´.- sI.-Fkv.-C.-_n. -Po-h-\-°m-c≥ Np-¶-Øp-]-d-ºn¬ A-_vZpƒ P-∫m-dn-s‚ `m-cy hln-X(53).- kw-kv-°m-cw sh-≈n-bm-gv-N cm-hn-se Hº-Xn-\v sIm-sºm-Sn-™ma-°¬ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬. a-°ƒ: -sP-\o-j,- dw-kn.a-cp-a-°ƒ: j-^v-\,- jp°q¿.

ta-Kn A-¥n-°mSv: ]p-Ø≥]oSn-I I-cp-Xp-Ip-f-ßc t]m-fn-s‚ `m-cy taKn(68). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 11\v ]pØ≥-]oSn-I sk‚ v. B‚-Wo-kv ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: jmPp, tjm_n, eo-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: kn-Pn, Umen, _m-kv-‰n≥.

tZ-h-Inap-l-Ω: ]-´-W-°m-Sv sNdp-am-´p-sh-fn-bn¬ tZ-h-In (78). a-°ƒ: tc-h-Ω, kp-[¿-a, kp-j-a, ]-tc-X-\m-b _m_p.

A-¶-½-

_m-_p

C-Sp-°n-: hm-g-tØm-∏v ]c-Ø-\m¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm-k-^n-s‚ `m-cy A∂-Ω-(81). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 10-\v hm-gtØm-∏v sk-‚ v tPm¿-Pv I-Øo-{U¬ ]-≈n-bn¬. a-°ƒ-: sk-_m-kv-‰y≥, kn-kv-‰¿ h-μ-\-(F-kv.-Fkv.-]n.-F-kv sIm¬-°Ø),A-K-kv-‰y≥-(dn-´.sl-Uv-am-kv-‰¿), ^m. tPm-kv ]-c-Ø-\m¬-(kn.Fw.-kn.-sF), B≥-k-Ω(Im¬-h-cn kv-Iqƒ Im¬h-cn-au-≠v), ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm¿-Pv. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: t{Kkn ]o-Sn-I-a-e-, tdm-kn-en a-e-am-°¬, cm-P≥ h¿Ko-kv(dn-´. ]-©m-b-Øv sk-{I-´-dn).

sN-dp-tXm-Wn-: a-cn-bm-]pcw Ip-f-Øn-\m¬ _m-_p tXm-a-kv(64) . kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v aq∂n-\v a-cn-bm-]p-cw sk-‚ v ta-cn-kv tZ-hm-e-b-Øn¬. `m-cy-: sk-en≥ tPm-k-^v sh-≈n-emw-I-≠w s]-cnb-Øv Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw.- a°-ƒ-: tPm-_n, Pn-_n, sse-_n. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: _nPp Ip-Ø-\m-]n-≈n¬, _n-Pn hm-g-∏-\m-Sn-bn¬.

bp-h-Xn sh-t«-äp a-cn-¨ tIkv: hn-e-¡p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn-¨v "KÀ-`-{io-am³' Xn-tb-ä-dp-I-fn-te-¡v `À-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-³ A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sI.sP s{]m-U-£≥-kn-s‚ _m-\dn¬ {]-i-kv-X Om-bm-{Km-lI≥ A-\n¬ tKm-]n-\m-Yv kwhn-[m-\w sNøp∂ K¿-`-{ioam≥ -hn-e-°p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn®v Xntb-‰-dp-I-fn-te-°v. ]p-cpj≥ K¿-`w [-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂{]ta-b-Øn¬ \n¿an-°p∂ Nn{X-Øn-¬ kp-cm-Pv sh-™m-d-aqSv BWv \m-b-I≥. C-tX B-i-b-w Dƒ-s°m-≠v kn-\n-a-sbm-cp-°m≥ {i-an-®n-cp∂ kp-[o-jvIp-am¿ K¿-`-{io-ams‚ Xn-c-°-Ybv-°v X-s‚ I-Ybp-am-bn km-ay-ap-s≠-∂v Btcm-]n-®v s^-^v-I-sbbpw s{]m-Uyq-tk-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j-s\-bpw k-ao-]n-®n-cp-∂p.

B-tcm-]-W-Øn¬ I-g-ºn-s√∂-Xn-\m¬ A-h¿ ]-cm-Xn X≈n-. Xp-S¿-∂v kp-[o-jv Pn-√m tIm-S-Xn-sb- k-ao-]n-®p. Xn-c°-Y-Iƒ c-≠pw ]-cn-tim-[n-®v km-ay-an-s√-∂v tIm-S-Xn hn-ebn-cp-Øn. Xp-S¿-∂v kn-\n-a-bpsS dn-eo-kn-Mv X-S-bm≥ sslt°m-S-Xn-sb k-ao-]n-®v tà hm-ßn. F-∂m-¬, Pn-√m tIm-SXn-°v A-©p-e-£w cq-] _m-¶v Kym-c‚n \¬-In Nn-{Xw dn-eo-kv sN-øm≥ ssl-t°m-S-Xn D-Øhn-´p. hm¿- Ø m- k - t Ω- f - \ - Ø n¬ kw-hn-[m-b-I≥ A-\n¬ tKm]n-\m-Yv, Xn-c-°-Ym-Ir-Øv kph-N≥, \-Sn Ku-cn-Ir-jv-W ]s¶-Sp-Øp.

I-bv-]-aw-K-ew (Xriq¿): Im-fap-dn-bn¬ bp-h-Xn sh-t´-‰p a-cn® tIkn¬ `¿-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-≥ A-d-Ãn¬. ]-≈n-∏-d-ºn¬ C-kvam-Cu¬(40) B-Wv A-d-Ãn-emb-Xv. k-tlm-Z-c≥ C-kv-lm-Jen-bp-sS `m-cy Pm-kv-an-\m(38)Wv C-kv-am-Cuen-s‚ sh-t´-‰v acn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw cm-hnse H-º-tXm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. H-fn-hn¬t]m-b {]-Xn sIm-Sp-ß√q¿ t]m-en-kn¬ Io-g-S-ßp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kn.sF sI sP ]o‰-dpw kw-L-hpw C-bm-fp-sS A-dÃv tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn. {]-Xn-bpw sIm-√-s∏-´ Pm-kvan-\pw \m-fp-I-fm-bn X¿°-Ønem-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-\nsS th-en sI-´p-∂-Xn-\n-sS s]-s´-∂p-≠m-

C-kv-am-Cu¬ b X¿-°-am-Wv sIme-bn¬ Iem-in-®-sX-∂pw {]-Xn t]m-enkn-t\m-Sp k-Ω-Xn-®p. th-en sI´m\m-bn X-dn-Iƒ sh-´m≥ I-cpXn-b I-ØnsIm≠mWv {]-Xn Pmkvans\ IpØn-b-Xv.

i-in-[-c³-

aq-e-a-‰w-: dn-´. sI-Fkv-C-t_m-¿-Uv D-tZymK-kv-Y≥- - In-g-t°-awK-e-Øv i-in-[-c≥- Iøm-e-]-d-ºn¬ (65). kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v D®-°v c-≠n-\p ho-´p-hf-∏n¬ . `m-cy- th-ßp¿- Im™n-en-]-Sn-™m-sdho-´n¬- P-e-P-Ip-am-cn-. a-°ƒ-: i-c-Xv Ip-am¿(t^m-°-kv tam-t´m¿Ip-ª-Ðp-Ã kv sIm-®n-), cm-tP-jv Ip-‰ym-Sn: ss]-°-f-ßm-Sn Ip-am¿- (_-l-dn≥-), a-W-°-c A-Ω-Zv-ap-kveym- k-Pn-Xv Ip-am¿- (Ip-Scp-sS a-I≥ Ip-™-–p-√ b-Øp¿- ]-©m-b(44). `m-cy: sk-bv-\. a°ƒ: a-bn-Pp-_, ap-^o-Z, Øv). a-cp-a-°ƒ- :kn\p, cm-Jn- . an≥-lm-Pv, k-l-e.

20 e-£-¯n-sâ kzÀ-Ww ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn I-cn-∏q¿: F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-®p-I-S-Øn-b 20 e-£-Øn-s‚ 699 {Kmw kz¿-Ww F-b¿ I-Ãw-kv C‚-en-P≥-kv ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn. C-∂-se tZm-l-bn¬-\n-∂v F-b¿C-¥ym F-Iv-kv-{]- v hnam-\-Øn¬ I-cn-∏q-cn-se-Øn-b sIm-Sp-h-≈n h-en-b-]-d-ºv ap-lΩ-Zv a≥-kq-dn(32)¬- \n-∂m-Wp Ch ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n-\p-≈nse _m-‰-dn-bp-sS ÿm-\-Øv 24 I- j - W - ß - f m- ° n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p kz¿-W-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. F-Ivkv-td ]-cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ kw-ibwtXm-∂n A-[n-Ir-X¿ ]-cntim-[n-®-t∏m-gm-Wp kz-¿-Ww Is≠-Øn-b-Xv.

Im-fn-b-½mÄ sXm-Sp-]p-g: am-cn-bn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ B-Nm-cn-bp-sS `m-cy Imfn-b-Ωmƒ (90). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-°p c-≠n\p ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: A-Ωm-fp, A-Ωn-Wn, ]-tcX-\m-b \m-cm-b-W≥,Hma-\.a-cp-a-°ƒ : a-Wn,c-Xv\-Ω , ]-tc-X-cm-b th-embp-[≥,tKm-]m-e-Ir-jvW≥.

^m-¯n-am l-Öp-½ a-ºm-Sv: Hm-Sm-bn-°¬ ]tc-X-\m-b F-S-Ø-SØn¬ Ip-™-e-hn lmPn-bp-sS `m-cy ^m-Øn-am l-÷p-Ω (68). a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv F-∂ _m-h, A_q-_-°¿.

Hm-t«m-dn-£-bp-sS- ap-I-fn-te-¡vsX-§v- ho-Wv- ss{U-hÀ- a-cn-¨p

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´-:- Hm-Sn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂- Hm-t´m-dn-£-bp-sSap-I-fn-te-°v- sX-ßv- I-S-]pgIn ho-Wv- ss{U-h¿- a-cn®p.- a-Æm-d-°p-f-™n- ]m-ºm-t°m-´v- h¿-Ko-kn-s‚- a-I≥ sN-dn-bm-≥ ]n- h¿-Ko-kv- (jn-t\m-Pv-˛-29)- B-Wv- a-cn®-Xv.- C∂-se ]p-e¿s® 4.-45 Hm-sS Xm-sg- sh-´n-{]wRp-Æp-¶¬- ]-Sn-bn-em-Wv- A-]-I-Sw.- A-ar-Xm B-ip-]{Xn-bn-te-°p-≈ bm-{X-°msc ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´- sI.Fkv.B¿-.Sn.kn- _kv- kv-‰m-≥-Un¬- - hn-´-ti-jw- aSßnssa-e-{]-°v- h-cp-tºm-gm-bn-cp-∂p- A-]-I-Sw.- tdm-Uns‚- h-i-sØ- ]p-c-bn-S-Øn¬- \n-∂- D-W-ßn-b- sX-ßmWv- I-S-]p-g-In- Hm-t´m-°v- ap-I-fn-te-°v- ho-W-Xv.- Xebv°v- £Xta‰m-Wv- jn-t\m-Pv- acn-®Xv.- ]pe¿-s®bmbXn-\m¬- A-]-I-Sw- \-S-∂-Xv- ssh-In-bm-Wv a-‰p≈h¿ A-dn-™-Xv.]-Ø-\w-Xn-´-bn¬-\n-∂v- s]m-eo-kpw- ^-b¿-t^m-gvkpw- F-Øn-bm-Wv- ar-X-tZ-lw- P-\-d¬- B-ip-]-{Xn-bnem-°p-∂-Xv.- ar-X-tZ-lw- t]m-kv-‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\v- tijw- ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´-bn-se- kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn- tam¿-®dn-bn¬- kq-£n-®p.- kw-kv-Im-cw- ]n-∂o-Sv.- A-hn-hm-lnX-\m-Wv.- AΩ:- Hm-a-\- (tim-im-Ω-).- k-tlm-Z-c߃ :- kn-\n,- kn-Pn.-

sI.F-kv.C._n. Km-Uv-KnÂ: tIm¬-{K-Ên-\pw IcmÀ Po-h-\-¡m-c³ kn.]n.F-½n-\pw \n-e-]m-Sv t¡-äp a-cn-¨p B-e-Øq¿: sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂am-tä-−-Xm-bn h-cpw: ]n Sn tXm-a-kv tjmXn-\n-sS sI.F-kv.C._n. I-cm¿ B-ep-h: Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´ns\ F-Xn¿-°p-∂ \n-e-]m-Sn¬ \n-∂p kn.]n.Fw., tIm¨-{K-kv Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈ ap-Jym-[m-cm cm{„o-b ]m¿-´n-Iƒ-°v C-∂-s√¶n¬ \m-sf ]n-∑m-td-≠n-h-cp-sa∂v ap≥ Fw.]n. ]n Sn tXm-a-kv. B-ep-h ]-cn-ÿn-Xn kw-c-£W-kw-L-Øn-s‚ `q-anan-{X ]p-ckv-Im-cw P-Ãn-kv sI kp-Ip-am-c\n¬ \n-∂v G-‰p-hm-ßn kw-kmcn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ F∂pw F-Xn¿-°p-∂-h-sc N-cn{Xw N-h‰p-Ip´-bn-te-°p X-≈psa-∂ Im-cy-Øn¬ kw-i-bw th≠. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ A-

\p-Iq-en-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cn¬ h-f-sctb-sd {]-bm-k-߃ hy-‡n-]c-am-bn X-\n-°p t\-cn-tS-≠n-hs∂-¶n-epw C-Xn¬ Zp-xJ-an-√. ]›n-a-L-´-a-e-\n-c-Iƒ C-t∏mƒ kw-c-£n-°m≥ I-gn-™n-s√¶n¬ ]n-∂o-Sv H-cn-°-epw I-gn-bn√. C-Sp-°n-bpƒ-s∏-sS G-Xm\pw Pn-√-I-fn-se I¿-j-I-sc _m-[n-°p-∂ {]-iv-\-߃ am-{Xam-bn C-Xn-s\ ]-cn-an-X-s∏-SpØ-cp-sX∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d™p. N-S-ßn¬ A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv Fw.F¬.F., Nn-∂≥ sI ss]\m-S-Øv, kn B¿ \o-e-I-WvT≥, C-kv-abn¬ kw-km-cn-®p.

Po-h-\-°m-c≥ tjm-t°-‰p a-cn®p. B-eØq¿ _m-¶vtdm-Uv ]-d-°p∂w c-¶-s‚ aI≥ Ip-©pth-e≥ (42) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. F-cn-a-bq¿ tXm-´p-]me-sØ- k-ao-]-sØ t]m-kv-‰n¬ sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bmWv kw-`-hw. D-S≥ B-e-Øq-cnse B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw a-c-n-®p. `m-cy: kp-kv-an-X. a-°ƒ: B-cy, A-Jn-e, A-RvP\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ir-jv-W≥.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

7 Pq¨ 2014 i\n

tem-dn kvIq«dn-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

lp-kbv³ am-ÌÀ

kq-¸n- lm-Pn

t]m-¡ÀIp-«n- lm-Pn

tI-f-¸³

_m-e³

kq-¸n

\-cn-°p-\n: K-h. ssl-kvIqƒ {]-[m-\m-[ym-]-I-\mbn-cp-∂ Im-c-°p-∂-Øv Ib-em-´p-Ω¬ Fw Sn lpkbv≥ am-ÿ (68). `m-cy: ssk-\-_ No-°n-tem-Sv. a°ƒ: A-–p-¬ d-low (Pq\n-b¿ kq-{]-≠v, U-]yq-´n U-bd-Œ¿ Hm-^v ]-©m-bØv, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), ap-\o¿ (k-_v {S-j-dn, sIm-Sp-h≈n), km-Pn-X, jm-ln-\ (K-h. ssl-kv-Iq-ƒ sN-Ω\m-Sv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: jw-\, Pkve (¢m¿-°v \-cn-°p-\n {Km-a-∏-©m-b-Øv), lm-cnkv, A-am-\p-√.

Ip-‰ym-Sn: A-Sp-°-Øv aÆq¿ ]p-Ø≥-]p-c-bn¬ kq-∏n- lm-Pn (78). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-bn-ip. a°ƒ: Jm-en-Zv (jm¿-P), ^n-tdm-kv, k¬-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-eow (a-Zo-\), km-ln-d, ^-ko-e. ktlm-Z-c-߃: ]m-Øp, ]tc-X-cm-b Ip-™-Ω-Zv, Xdp-ssh, Ip-™-–p-√, Ip™m-an. J-_-d-S-°w C∂v cm-hn-se HºXn\v acp-tXm-¶-c Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: I-Ø-dΩ¬ X-Æn-°p-≠v h-´°p-≠-Øn¬ t]m°¿Ip-´n -lm-Pn (75). Nt∏-cn a-l-√v I-Ωn-‰n {]kn-U‚pw I-Ø-d-Ω¬ al-√v I-Ωn-‰n Aw-K-hp-amWv. `m-cy: J-Zo-P- l-÷pΩ. a-°ƒ: A-–p- -eow, ap-l-Ω-Zv i-co-^v, A–p¬ ap-\o¿, A-–p-¿dlv-am≥, ap-Po-_v d-lvam≥ (aq-h-cpw ku-Zn), kp-lv-d, ssa-aq-\, A-kva. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-–p-¿d-lvam≥, A-jv-d^v, P-ao-e, D-ssa-_m-\p, ku-^n-b, X-kveo-\, Pwjo-\.

]-tøm-fn: a-Wn-bq¿ ssI{]-Øv kn sI tI-f-∏≥ (87). `m-cy: \m-cm-b-Wn. a°ƒ: kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿ (\gv-kn-Mv A-kn. sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pv tIm-gnt°m-Sv), {]-Zo-]≥ (A[ym-]-I≥ Pn.hn.F-®v.Fkv.F-kv, ]-øm-\-°¬), k-Po-h≥, ]p-jv-]. a-cp-a°ƒ: _m-_p, {]-ao-f, an\n, dn-j. k-tlm-Z-c߃: I-Æ≥, Ip-™ns∏-Æv.

ap-Np-Ip-∂v: \-c-t°m-s´ I-√-¶n _m-e≥ (60). `mcy: I-a-e. a-°ƒ: dn-\ojvIp-am¿ (Ãm-^v, F-f-acw I-cow Fw.-F¬.-F),do-jv-a (ta-∏-øq¿ ]-©mb-Øv Hm-^n-kv), do-P. a-cp-a-I≥: N-{μ≥ Xnt°m-Sn (t]m-en-kv), ktlm-Z-߃: I-eym-Wn (ap-bn-t∏m-Øv), Ip-™n°-Æ≥ (hm-ey-t°m-Sv),]-tc-X-bm-b \m-cm-bWn (\n-Spw-s]m-bn¬). k-©-b-\w Rm-bdmgvN.

a-Wn-bq¿: a-¶-c I-≈≥tIm-hp-Ω¬ kq-∏n (61). `m-cy: a-dn-bw (a-Wn-bq¿ {Km-a-∏-©m-b-ØwKw). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-Ω-Xv, B-an-\, A-k-bv\m¿, ^m-Øn-a, Ip-™-–p-√, \-^o-k, aq-k.

B-bn-ip-½- l-Öp-½

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: sX-∂-e I-dp-Øm¬ h-S-°-bn¬ ]-tøm-fn: X-®≥-Ip-∂v _m-∏p lm-Pn-bp-sS `mtIm-gn-∏-d-º-Øv Xm-sg cy B-bn-ip-Ω l-÷p_m-e≥ (75). `m-cy: I-eym- Ω (78). a-I≥: B-enWn. a-°ƒ: I-a-e, Pm-\_m-h. a-cp-a-Iƒ: dp-JnIn, N-{μ≥, tkm-a≥, k- b. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v Xy≥, tam-fn, jm-Pn. a-cp-a- sX-∂-e A-∏n-b-Øv Pp°ƒ: ti-J-c≥, _m-e≥, am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm_m-_p, \n-j, Pm≥-kn, \n¬. \n-Ωn, {io-P.

_m-e³

ap-−n -

sam-bv-Xo³ -

s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: I-°qc-≠-Øm-Wn: N-¥-∏-d-ºv Øv ]p-en-ap-J-sØm-Sn I-S-t°m-´v Im-´n¬ ap-≠n sam-bv-Xo≥ (87). `m-cy: (60).`¿-Øm-hv: Im-cn-°p-´n. Xm-®p.

A-_q-_-¡À ap-´-∂q¿: ]-tc-X-\m-b Sn C _m-h-bp-sS a-I≥ A_q-_-°¿ (Ip-™ntam≥-˛58). `m-cy: d-ko-\. a-°ƒ: d^o-Jv (Zp-_-bv), d-lo-\, dw-jo-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^ntdm-kv, Pm-^¿ (Zp-_-bv), B-kn-b. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hnse 10\v ap-´-∂q¿ Pp-am-akv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

th-em-bp-[³ C-cn-ºn-fn-bw: a-t¶-cn tNm-te-°m-hn¬ th-embp-[≥ (85). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b tZ-hI - n. a-°ƒ: i¶-c≥-Ip-´n, in-h≥, Ir-jvW≥, ]-dt- ßm-S≥, cmP≥, _m-_p, Ip-™ptamƒ, X-¶Ω - p, {io-P. a-cpa-°ƒ: hn-em-kn-\n, hn-Pb, kp-Pm-X, e-X, ]p-jv] - , kp-[, jm-Pn, ]-tc-X\ - m-b Ip-™≥.

am-X F-Sb - ∂ - q¿-: tIm-tøm-´paq-eb - n-se sI hn- am-X (75). `¿-Øm-hv:- Ip-am-c≥.-

cm-a³ ]-ø∂ - q¿: sh-≈q¿ ]-gb-sX-cp-hn-se F hn cma≥ (87). `-mc - y: ]-tc-Xb - m-b sI hn \m-cm-bW - n. a-°ƒ: Ir-jvW - ≥ (dn-´. sk-{I´-dn ]-ø∂ - q¿ ho-th-gvk - v skm-ssk-‰n), ]-tc-Xbm-b Kn-cn-P. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ]p-jv] - e - X (A-[ym-]n-I), ]-tc-X\m-b I-Æ≥. k-tlm-Zc≥: \m-cm-bW - ≥ sh≈q¿.

_m-hp-«n

i-¦-c³

^-tdm-°v: I-√w-ºm-d ]p-fn-°-e-I-Øv I-Æ∏≥-sXm-Sn aq-tØ-S-Øv _m-hp-´n (94). `m-cy: _nhm-Ø-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: Bbn-im-_o-hn, ^m-Øn-a, kp-ss_-Z, ssk-X-ehn, _-jo¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p-¿d-lvam≥, Aap-l-½-Zv ap-kv-eymÀ–p¬ I-cow, kp-sseJ, k-_o-\, ]-tc-X-\mXn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: sN-dp-ap°v a-l-√v J-Øo-_v Xn- b Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv. J_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnem-bn¬ _o-cm≥ ap-kvse F-´n-\v s]-cp-ap-Jw eym-cp-sS a-I-\pw Im-c¥q¿ kp-∂n a¿-I-kv ap- ap-Xp-hm-´p-]m-d Pp-am-akv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿmX-Δ¬ ss^-\¬ hnZym¿-Yn-bp-am-b ap-l-Ω-Zv \n¬. ap-kv-eym¿ (26).- c-‡m¿- im-´ _p-ZsØ XpS¿∂v Nns]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: s]mIn-¬k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p.∂ym-Ip¿-»n Zp-_m-bn-∏F-kv-.F-kv-.F-^v Su¨ Sn ]-tc-X-\m-b s]-cpI-Ωn-‰n {]-kn-U‚pw Ip- ºp-≈n ap-Ip-μ-s‚ `m-cy ≠q¿ sk-Iv-S¿ F-Iv-kn- im-¥ (57). -a-°ƒ: kn‘p, h-μ-\, k-‘y, kzIyq-´o-hv Aw-K-hp-am-bn]v-\, jn-Pn≥. cp-∂p.- am-Xm-hv: J-Zo-P. -a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-Wn-Ik-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-_vWvT≥, cm-a≥-Ip-´n, tKmZp-¿d-lvam≥, C-kv-amCu¬, A-_v-Zp-∂m-k¿ ]m-e-Ir-jv-W-≥. -ktlm-Z-c-ß-ƒ: th-em-bpk-Jm-^n, A-iv-d-^v apk-tcm-Pn-\n, D-Ænkv-eym¿, kp-ssl¬ ap- [≥, Ir-jv-W≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b kv-eym¿, dw-e, D-Ωplkp-`-{Z. _o-_.-

Ip-‰ym-Sn: A-º-e-∏-d-ºØv i-¶-c≥ (60). `m-cy: Pm-\p. a-°ƒ: P-tb-jv, hn-tP-jv, A-tP-jv. a-cp-aIƒ: jn-Pn-\.

aq-k-¡p-ªn-ap-{In sam-{Km¬: P-\-Xm-Zƒ F-kv Pn-√m ko-\n-b¿ ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v Sn aq-k-°p-™n ap-{In (80). 16 h¿-j-tØm-fw ao-© ]-©m-b-Øv Aw-K-am-bncp-∂p. `m-cy: _o-^mØn-a. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ l-ao-Zv, A-l-a-Zv _jo¿, J-Zo-P, B-bn-i. acp-a-°ƒ: l-\o-^v, Pm^¿. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: apl-Ω-Zv au-e-hn, A–p¬-Jm-Z¿, J-Zo-Pp-Ω, _o-^m-Øn-a, \-^o-k, B-bn-kp-Ω.

Ir-jv-W³ Im-™-ßm-Sv: dn-´. ]©m-b-Øv Po-h-\-°mc≥ tIm-´-t®-cn Ip-∂pΩ¬ aq-f≥-ho-´n¬ Irjv-W≥ (77). `m-cy: \mcm-b-Wn.

ss_-¡v tem-dn-bn-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv- a-cn-¨p- \m-cm-b-W³

ap-l-½-Zv

C-¼n-¨n- sam-bv-Xn

a-½p

Ip-ªn

tIm-bm-en-¡p-«n

Im-cm-Sv: ]p-∂-Øv A-\bw-sØm-Sn \m-cm-b-W≥ (70). `m-cy: t_-_n. a°ƒ: cm-Pp (C-¥y≥B¿-an), jo-P. a-cp-a°ƒ: K-tW-j≥, Pn-j. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse F-´n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: A-cßm-SØ - v ]m-cs - sUkn¬ sI ap-lΩ - Z- v (65). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: kp-sse-J, kp-\q-]v, sse-e. a-cp-a° - ƒ - : kp¬^n-°¿, A-^vk - ¬.

t]-cm-{º: hm-fq-cn-se ]p-‰m-´p-]o-Sn-I-bn¬ Cºn-®n- sam-bv-Xn (77). `mcy: A-eo-a. a-°ƒ: ^m-Øn-a, \-^ok, A-–p-¿d-lv-am≥. acp-a-°ƒ: D-kv-am≥ aue-hn, \-ko-a.

^-tdm-°v: I-W-°-∏n≈‚-I-Øv a-Ωp (76). `m-cy: a-dn-bw. a-°ƒ: kn¬-lm-Zv, sj-lvkm-Zv, _n-\m-kn-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p-∂mk¿ (Pn-±), \-ko-d, ^-co-Z.

th-ß-c: Ip-‰q¿ t\m¿Øv A-co-°m-´v ]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™m-K≥Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy Ip-™n (84). a-°ƒ: \o-e-IWvT≥, Ip-Ωp-Wn, ]-tcX-\m-b Ip-™m-K≥. a-cpa-°ƒ: k-tcm-Pn-\n, e£v-an.

]p-fn-°¬: B-¥n-bq¿Ip-∂v ]-Xn-b-]-d-º-Øv tIm-bm-en-°p-´n (88). a-°ƒ: kp-sse-J, kplv-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ju-°-Øen, A-_p- lm-Pn.

_-Ên-Sn-¨v \m-ep-h-b-Êp-Im-cn- a-cn-¨p ]p¬-∏-≈n: s]-cn-°-√q¿ K-h. kv-Iq-fn-\v k-ao-]-w _- n-Sn-®v \m-ep-hb -   - p-Im-cn- a-cn-®p. ]p¬-∏≈ - n ap≈≥-sIm-√n 53 I-h-e hm-c-I-bn¬ k-Pn˛jo\ Zº-Xn-I-fpsS aIfpw ]p¬-∏-≈n sk‚ v ta-co-kv Cw-•ojv ao-Un-bw kvI - q-fn-se F¬.sI.Pn hn-Zym¿-Yn\n-bp-amb tKmƒ-U kPn-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. kvIqƒhn-´v _- n-dß - n ktlm-Zc - n-tbm-sSm-∏w tdm-Uv ap-dn-®p-IS- ° - p-∂X - n-\nsS s]-cn-°-√q-cn¬ \n-∂p ]p¬-∏-≈n-bn-te-°p t]m-hp-Ibm-bn-cp∂ _-kv C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ho-Sp]-Wn \-S° - p-∂X - n-\m¬ k-Pn-bp-sS k-tlm-Zcn-bp-sS ho-´n¬ Xm-ak - n-®p-]T - n-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw C≥-Iz-Ãv \-S-Øn t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´Øn-\-b-®p. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v a-c-°-S-hv sk‚ vtPm-k^ - v ]-≈n- sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. k-tlm-Zc - n: •mUvh - n≥ F-en-k_ - Ø - v.

an-\n-tem-dnbnSn¨v ss_¡v bm{Xn-I³ a-cn-¨p Pm-\p

]m-¯p-½

Ip-ª-Ðp-Ã

A-Ðp e-¯o-^v

Ip-‰ym-Sn: h-t´m-fn-bn-se ]tc-X-\m-b sh-fp-Ø-]-d-ºØv Ip-™n-cm-a-s‚ `m-cy ]nem-tØm-´-Øn¬ Pm-\p (94). a-°ƒ: b-Xo-{μ≥, kp-tc{μ≥, i-io-{μ≥ (dn-´. F≥Pn-\o-b¿), ]o-Xmw-_-c≥, Kn-cn-P, C-μn-c, c-Rv-Pn-X, Pb-{io. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]-Im-iv_m-_p, Ir-jv-W-Zm-kv, i-¶c≥, e-X, tim-`, tim-`, ]tc-X-\m-b {io-\n-hm-k≥.

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: ]-tc-X-\mb ap-A-±n≥ A-–p-¿dlvam-s‚ `m-cy ]m-ØpΩ. a-°ƒ: aq-k, A-kokv, a-Po-Zv, P-∫m¿, \-^ok, J-Zo-P, B-an-\, ssk-\-_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_q-_-°¿, A-–p-¿dlvam≥-ko-Zn, A-_p (_lv-dbv≥), ^m-Øn-a, ku-Z, B-_n-Z, ]-tc-X\m-b ssk-Zv.

h-S-I-c: Im¿-Øn-I-∏f-fn sXm-≠-º-d-Øv ]d-º-Øv Ip-™-–p-√ (75). `m-cy: Ip-™m-bni. a-°ƒ: kp-sseam≥, P-am¬, km-Pn-X, d-kn-b, k-ao-d, ku-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-ss_-Z, dp-Jv-km-\, A-Ω-Zv, aPo-Zv, A-–p-¿d-lvam≥, d-^o-Jv.

h-S-I-c: A-gn-Ø-e kn hn A-–p¬ e-Øo-^v (64). ap-kvenw eo-Kv imJm ssh-kv {]-kn-U-‚mWv. `m-cy-am¿: ]-tc-X-bmb Ju-e-Øv, ^m-Øn-a. a°ƒ: j-ao-\, j^o-\, A-–p¬ k-a-Zv, k-l-e. a-cp-a-I≥: km-Pn-Zv (Ipssh-Øv). k-tlm-Z-c߃: ssk-\-_, P-ao-e, a-Po-Zv, A-Iv-_¿.

ss_-¡n-Sn-¨v ]-{X GPâv a-cn-¨p

sN-dp-]p-g: ]-{Xhn-X-c-WØn-\n-sS G-P‚ v ss_°n-Sn-®v a-cn-®p. tI-cf - Iuap-Zn ^v-fm-jv G-P‚m-b tIm-ep-h-≈n-bn-se B-eh-f-∏n¬ _m-e≥ (74) BWv a-cn-®X - v. C-∂s - e sshIo-´v aq-t∂m-sS hm-g° - p-≠Øm-Wv A]-ISw. sN-dp-]p-gb - n-se kz-Imcy B-ip-]{- Xn-bn¬ {]m-Ya - n-I ip-{iq-j \¬-In- ]-cnbm-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fP - n¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n°m-\m-bn-√. `m-cy: X-ºm-bn. a-I≥: kp-\n¬. a-cp-aIƒ: kp-Pn-e.

tem-dn ss_-¡n-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

kp-≈y: sF-h¿-\m-Sv kz-tZ-in kp-≈y A-kw-ªn afi-ew P-\-Xm-Zƒ (F-kv) {]-kn-U‚ v N-{μtImƒ°-dn-s‚ a-I\mb P-K-Zv tImƒ-°¿ (26) hml-\m-]I-S-Øn¬ acn®p. I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn ]-tØm-sS k-I-te-jv-]p-c-bn-¬ tem-dn ss_-°n-en-Sn-®mWv A]-I-Sw. cm-{Xn `-£-Ww I-gn-°m≥ tlm-´-en-te-°v ss_-°n¬ bm-{XsN-øsh F-Xn-tc h-∂ -tem-dn CSn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. sX-dn-®v ho-W -P-K-Zn-\v ta¬ AtX tem-dn- I-b-dn X¬£Ww acn°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p. k-I-te-jv ]p-c-bn-se C‚o-cn-b¿ h¿-°v Po-h-\-°mc-\m-bn-cp-∂p P-K-Zv.

Zp-_-bnÂ- \ncym-X-\mbn

a-t©-iz-cw: slm-k-¶-Sn kz-tZ-in A-kp-J-sØ XpS-¿-∂v Zp-_-bn¬ a-cn-®p. aq-Sw-_-b-en-se _m-_p-˛-kpio-e Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ P-bm-\-μ(42)\m-Wv a-cn-®Xv. Zp-_-bv I-dm-a-bn-se I-º-\n-bn¬ 19 h¿-jam-bn tPm-ensN-øp∂ Pbm-\μ - \v I-gn-™ 25\m-Wv A-kpJw _m-[n-®X - v. `m-cy: h-μ\ - . a-Iƒ: ssh-jvW - h - n.

h-≠q¿: kw-ÿm-\]m-Xbnse t]m-cq¿ ]p-fn-bt°m-´v an-\n-tem-dnbnSn®v ss_°v bm{Xn-I≥ acn®p. hm-Wn-b-º-ew ]q-®s∏m-bn-¬ sI.-sI.-F-kv ^n-jv-lm-®-dn-bn-se ]pØ≥-Ip-f-Øn¬ P-am-ens‚ a-I≥ Pw-jo¿ (_m_p-˛29) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ-bn¬-\n-∂p h-≠q-cn-te-°p h-cp-∂-Xn\n-sS C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v \m-e-c-tbm-sS-bmWv A-]-ISw. F-Xn-sc h-∂ an-\n-tem-dn Zn-i-am-dn-h-∂v ss_-°nen-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ss_°v 30 ao‰-tdmfw hen®n-g-® tijamWv temdn- \n-∂-Xv. am-Xm-hv: kp-ss_-Z. `m-cy: \m-Zn-b. a-°ƒ: ssjlm≥, jm-ln-Zv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: k-ao¿, Pp-ss\-Zv, P-kv-\, dp-_o-\. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v D-®-bv-°v hm-Wnb-º-ew Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.-

^mapS-a tjm-t¡-äp -a-cn-¨p \-ko-a

ssa-ap

A-Pn-X

sam-b-vXo³

h-S-I-c: Xm-sg A-ßm-Snbn-se -\-ko-l a≥-knen¬ \-ko-a (44). `¿Øm-hv: B-en-°m-s‚hn-S l-k≥ lm-Pn (_-lvdbv≥). a-°ƒ: \-ko-l, a-Jv-_q¬, \-hm-^v- (F-dWm-Ip-fw), \-^-ep (jm¿-P). acp-a-I≥: a-Jv_q¬.

]-tøm-fn: ]p-Xp-∏-Ww ]-tcX-\m-b am-Wn-tbm-Øv a-ΩZn-s‚ `m-cy ssa-ap (68). a°ƒ: l-ao-Zv, A-k-bv\m¿, sam-bv-Xp, \-ko¿, dn-bm-kv (aq-h-cpw a-kv-I-Øv), B-bni, k-ao-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kØm¿ (sI.B¿.F-kv tImgn-t°m-Sv), lm-P-d, A-kv-a, B-cn-^, k-Pv-\, j-^o-\, ]-tc-X-\m-b a-Po-Zv.

]-tøm-fn: C-cn-߬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]-Sn-°¬ \mWp-hn-s‚ `m-cy A-Pn-X (48). ]-©m-b-Øv Ip-Spw-_{io kn.Un.F-kv AwKam-Wv. a-°ƒ: ARv-P-\, A¿-Pp≥. ktlm-Z-c-߃: N-{μ≥, hna-e, t_-_n, ko-\.

]-tøm-fn: ]-gb - I - m-e eo-Kv {]-h¿-ØI - ≥ Io-gq¿ Np-¶∏-dº - n¬ sam-bvX - o≥ (95). `m-cy: ao-dß - m-Sn Ip-™man. a-°ƒ: A-–p-√, e-Øo^v (ap-kve - nw- eo-Kv Io-gq¿ im-Jm P-\. sk-{I-´d - n), B-bn-i, \u-^¬. a-cp-a°-ƒ: K-^q¿, \-^o-k, ^m-Øn-a, k-do-\.

\n-e-ºq¿: ^n-jv- ^mw D-Sa ^m-an¬ tjm-t°-‰p- a-cn®p. \n-e-ºq¿ h-√-∏p-g Nmen-bn-se sN-Ω-e lpkbv≥ (66) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. sh-≈n-bm-gv-N cm-hn-se 11.30HmsS ^m-an-se Ip-fØn-\v k-ao-]ap≈ ]-ºv lu-kn-se tam-t´m¿ \∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bm-Wv tjm-t°-‰-sX-∂p- I-cp-Xp-∂p. Pn-√-bn-se an-I-® a¬-ky-I¿-j-I\mbn Xncs™-Sp--°s∏-´n-cp-∂p. B-fl A-hm¿-Uv, k-Ωn-{i A-hm¿-Uv F∂nh Ic-ÿ-am-°n-bn-´p≠v. `m-cy: Bbn-i. a-°ƒ: in-lm-_v (dn-bm-Zv),jm-Pn, t_-\-ko¿, kp-\n-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C-Æn-am≥, ap-_m-d-Iv, k-_v-\, d-kn-b.

_-Ên-Sn-¨p ]-cn-t¡-ä hr-²³ a-cn-¨p ap-l-½-Z-en- lm-Pn- -

ap-l-½-Zv d-^o-Jv

`mÀ-K-hn

Pm-en-k

s]m-∑-f: ]u-c-{]-ap-J\pw a-l-√v sk-{I-´-dn-bpam-b sI Sn ap-l-Ω-Z-en lm-Pn (60). ]n-Xm-hv: ]tc-X-\m-b aq-k- lm-Pn. `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: apkv-X-^, l-ko-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-ko-kv, dm-jn-Z.

D-Wym¬: ]-©m-c-aq-ebn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b ssIX-h-f-∏n¬ sk-bv-Xm-en°p-´n-bp-sS a-I≥ ap-lΩ-Zv d-^o-Jv (42). `m-cy: dm-_n-b. a-°ƒ: B-jn-Jv, ^-k¬, X≥km¿.

]-´n-°m-Sv: I-cp-h-ºm-d ]q-f-°¬ Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy `m¿-K-hn (72). a°ƒ: b-tim-Z, tam-l\≥ (Z-Ωmw), kp-tc-jv. a -cp-a-°ƒ: ]n F≥ F hn-P-b≥, ]p-jv-]-e-X, tZ-hn.

cm-a-]p-cw: th-cpw-]pem-°¬ ]-≈n-bm-en¬ A-_q-_-°¿ lm-Pnbp-sS a-Iƒ Pm-en-k (34). am-Xm-hv: l-ΔmDΩ. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: dmXn-l, P-\-cn-ø, k-\nø, K-^q¿.

_n D-®n-Ir-jv-W-sâ Nn-{X-§Ä-¡p-f-f hn-e-¡v ]n³-h-en-¡-W-sa-¶-`yÀ-Yn-¨v s^-^v-I I-¯-b-¨p sIm-®n: kw-hn-[m-b-I-\pw s^^v-I P-\¬ sk-{I-´-dn-bp-am-b _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-s‚ Nn-{X߃ {]-Z¿-in-∏n-°p-∂-Xv hn-e°n-b \-S-]-Sn ]n≥-h-en-°-Wsa-∂-`y¿-Yn-®v F-Iv-kn-_n-t‰-gvkv s^-U-td-j-\v s^-^v-I IØ-b-®p. sa-bv 13\v sIm-®n-bn¬ tN¿∂ F-Iv-kn-_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-Utd-j≥ P-\-d¬ t_m-Un tbm-Kam-Wv _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-s‚ Nn{X-߃ {]-Z¿-in-∏n-t°-≠-Xns√-∂v Xo-cp-am-\n-®-Xv. F-Iv-kn_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-U-td-j≥ Hm-^nkn-s‚ D-Zv-Lm-S-\-®-S-ßn¬\n∂v Xm-c-kw-L-S-\-bpw \n¿-amXm-°-fpw hn-´p-\n-∂-Xv _n DÆn-Ir-jv-Ws‚ \n¿-tZ-i-{]-Imc-am-sW-∂ B-tcm-]-W-Øn-

tN-fm-cn: Nm-‰¬-a-g-bn¬sX-∂n-b ss_-°v an-\ntem-dn-bn-en-Sn-®v bp-hm-hv- acn-®p. Im-en-°-‰v- k¿-h-Iem-im-em A-d-_n-Iv- hn-`mKw ta-[m-hn tUm. F≥ F Fw A-_v-Zp¬ -Jm-Z-dn-s‚ G-I-a-I≥ d-Pm- P-hm-Zv (23) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂se ssh-Io-´v B--tdm-sS tZio-b-]m-X sIm-f-∏p-d-Øm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. th-ß-c ]-d-∏q-cn-se kz-Im-cy- ÿm-]-\-Øn¬ Xm¬-°m-en-I- A-°u-≠‚m-bncp-∂ PhmZv tPm-enÿ-e-Øp-\n-∂p a-S-ß-sh-bm-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn¬-s∏´-Xv. Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn kz-Im-cy-B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw ]n-∂oSv tIm-´-°¬ A¬-am-kv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw F-Øns®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. D-]-cn-]T-\-Øn-\p-≈ X-bm-sd-Sp-∏n-em-bn-cp-∂p. aønØv C-∂v D®-°v H-t∂m-sS ]m-W-{º Pp-ap-AØv-]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ a-d-hpsN-øpw. am-Xm-hv: ssd-lm-\. k-tlm-Z-cn-am¿: jm-Zn-b, kn¬-an-b.-

s‚ Xp-S¿-®-bm-bn-´m-bn-cp-∂p \S-]-Sn. {]-iv-\-Øn¬ N¿-®bv-°ns√-∂v B-h¿-Øn-®p]-d-bp-Ibpw kmw-kv-Im-cn-I Iq-´m-bv-a kw-L-Sn-∏n-°p-sa-∂v {]-Jym-]n°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X s^-^v-I, \ne-]m-Sv am-‰n k-a-hm-b-Øn-\v {iaw Xp-S-ßn-b-Xn-s‚ `m-K-am-bmWv I-Ø-b-®-sX-∂m-Wv hn-hcw. B-tcm-]-Ww A-Sn-ÿm-\-cln-X-am-sW-∂pw A-`n-{]m-b kw-L-´-\w A-\m-h-iy-am-sW∂pw hy-‡-am-°n {]-kn-U‚ v kn-_n a-e-bn-em-Wv s^-U-tdj-\v I-Ø-b-®-Xv. kw-L-S-\bvs°-Xn-cm-b B-kq-{Xn-X \o-°am-Wv hn-hm-Z-߃. N-e-®n-{X sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS tZ-io-b t\Xm-hp-Iq-Sn-bm-b _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-

W-s\ hn-e-°n-b Xo-cp-am-\w ]n≥-h-en-°-W-sa-∂v I-Øn¬ A-`y¿-Yn-°p-∂p. A-tX-k-a-bw, hn-e-°n-s\Xntc {]-Jym-]n-® {]-Xn-tj-[ Iq-´m-bv-a s^-^v-I am-‰n-h-®-Xv HØp-Xo¿-∏pkm-[y-X ]-cn-K-Wn®m-sW-∂m-Wv kq-N-\. I- s Ø- g p- X n- b - X p- s Im- ≠ v Xo-cp-∂-X-√ {]iv\-sa∂v F-Ivkn-_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-U-td-j≥ {]kn-U‚ v en-_¿-´n _-jo¿ ]-d™p. D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-\pw kn-_n a-e-bn-ep-a-S-°-ap-≈-h¿ B-Zyw s^-U-td-js‚ Hm-^n-kn-seØp-I-bm-Wv th-≠-Xv. ti-jw N¿-®-bn¬ Xo-cp-am-\-am-bm¬ am-{X-ta hn-e-°v ]n≥-h-en-°p∂-Xv ]-cn-K-Wn-°q-sh-∂pw _jo¿ ]-d-™p.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: _- n-Sn-®p ]-cn-t°-‰v Nn-In¬-k-bnem-bn-cp-∂ hr-≤≥ a-cn-®p. Im-®-Sna-e-bn¬ cm-a≥ (70) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ] I-gn-™ 27\v ssh-Io´v \m-temsS tZ-io-b-]m-X Im-®-Sn-°-en-¬ h-®v Xr-iqcn-te-°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bncp-∂ _- n-Sn-°p-I-bm-bncp-∂p. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ Nn-In¬k-bn-en-cns°bm-Wv a-cWw. `m-cy: A-Ωp-Æn.

h-S-I-c: tZ-io-b-]m-Xbn¬ tNm-tdm-Sv- ta¬∏m-eØn-\p k-ao-]w tem-dn kvIq-´-dn-en-Sn-®v- bp-hm-hv- a-cn®p. H-cmƒ-°p Kp-cp-X-c-ambn ]-cn-t°-‰p. ss_-°n-\v ]n∂n¬ bm-{XsN-bv-X tNm-tdm-Sv- Xq-am-S-Øv- Xm-g°p-\n kn -hn lu-kn¬ A-kve-am-Wv- (18) a-cn-®-Xv-. ss_-t°m-Sn-® a-ø-∂q-cn-se A-bq-_n-s\ (18) ]-cn°p-I-tfm-sS tIm-gn-t°m-Sv- kzImcy Bip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. sh-≈n-bm-gv-N D®bv°v c-≠-ctbm-sS- X-e-t»-cn `m-K-Øv \n-∂p h-∂ tem-dn ss_-°n-\v ]n∂nen-Sn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-kvew A-]-I-Sÿ-e-ØpXs∂ a-cn-®p. C-{_m-bn-˛tkm-^n-b Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I\m-Wv-. k-tlm-Z-c-ß-ƒ: ku-Z-Øv-, dq-Jn-b, k-Po-d, k-^-dp-∂o-k. arX-tZlw h-S-I-c Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬.

ss_-¡n _-Ên-Sn-¨v bphm-hv a-cn-¨p tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: A-an-Xth-

KØn-se-Øn-b _-kv ss_-°n-en-Sn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fPn-\v k-ao-]w am-b-\m-Sv Hgp-°-c-bn-ep-≠m-b A-]-IS-Øn¬ Hm-a-t»-cn sh-Ãv sh-Æ-t°m-Sv ssI-tø-enap-°v tIm-´p-]-‰ ap-l-Ω-Zns‚ a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv jm-^n(23)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv \n-∂p \m-´n-te-°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bncp-∂ ap-l-Ω-Zv jm-^n-bpw kp-lr-Øpw k-©-cn-® ss_-°n-s\ A-an-Xth-KØn¬ h∂ _-kv C-Sn®psX-dn-∏n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. I-b-‰w I-b-dp-∂-Xn-\nsS a-s‰m-cp hm-l-\-sØ a-dn-I-S-°p-tºm-gm-Wv CSn®Xv. ssh-Io-´v 3.30Hm-sS-bp-≠m-b A-]-I-SØn¬ Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰- jm-^n-sb sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv Bip]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶nepw cm-{Xn F´p aWntbm-sS- a-cn-®-p. Iq-sS bm-{XsN-bv-X ap-\o¿ ]-cn-t°¬-°m-sX c-£-s∏-´p. A-]-I-Swh-cp-Øn-b kp-l Uo-e-Iv-kv _-kv \n¿-Øm-sX t]m-b-Xm-bpw ]-cm-Xn-bp-≠v. {Sm-^n-Iv t]m-en-kn¬ Io-g-S-ßn-b ss{U-h¿-s°-Xn-tc tIsk-Sp-Øp-. ap-l-Ω-Zv jm-^n-bp-sS am-Xm-hv. dw-e-. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv j-^o-Jv, ap-l-Ω-Zv \n-PmZv, P-ko-e. sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv tam¿-®-dn-bn¬ kq£n-®n-cn-°p-∂ a-øn-Øv t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\p tijw J-_-d-S-°pw.

s{Sbn³ X«n acn¨p

^-tdm-°v: I-cp-h≥-Xn-cpØn dq-_n tdm-Un¬ t{Kkv`-h-\n¬ Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ N-ß-\m-t»-cn a-Xn-®n ]-dºn¬ tPm-_v (78) s{Sbn≥ X´n a-cn-®p. tIm-a¨sh¬-Øv Hm-´p-I-º-\n-bnse sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-bn-cp∂p. ]m-fw ap-dn-®p-I-S-°p∂-Xn-\n-sS I-Æqcn¬ \n∂v F-d-Wm-Ip-f-tØ-°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ C‚¿kn-‰n F-I-kv-{]- m-Wv C-Sn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v \m-tem-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b s{K-bv-kv C-hm≥-©n-en≥. a°ƒ: kp-\n¬-tPm-_v (km-aq-ln-I\o-Xn h-Ip-∏v, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), Fw sP A-\n¬ (sI.-F-kv.B¿.-Sn.kn. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), a-cp-a-°ƒ: Pp-_n-e kp-\n¬ (_n.-C.-Fw. F-®v.-F-kv.-F-kv, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), en-Pn A-\n¬ (tImw-{S-Ãv I-Æm-ip-]-{Xn, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tPm-k-^v, A-∂-Ω, tPm¿-Pv, tP-°_v, ]-tc-X-cm-b am-Xyp, t{X-kym-Ω {^m≥-kn-kv, a-dnbm-Ω, Ip-´n-b-Ω, B‚-Wn, tZ-h-ky, F-en-bm-Ω AK-Ãn≥, ¢m-c-Ω Nm-t°m, {_n-Pn-‰m-Ω tPm-k-^v. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v aq∂n-\v ^-tdm-°v kn.-F-kv.-sF. sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

Sn-¸Àtemdnbn-Sn-¨v ss_-¡v bm-{Xn-I³ a-cn-¨p

sIm-√-t¶m-Sv: sIm-√-t¶m-Sv-˛-s\-∑m-d {]-[m-\]m-Xbn¬ h-≈p-h-°p-≠n-\v k-ao-]w Sn-∏¿tem-dn-bnSn-®v ss_-°v bm-{Xn-I≥ a-cn-®p. H-cmƒ-°v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. F-e-h-t©-cn h-t´-°m-Sv ]-Xn-bn¬ ho´n¬ cm-Pp-hn-s‚ a-I≥ Kn-co-jvIp-am¿ (40) B-Wv a-cn®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v c-t≠m-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. s\-∑m-d-bn¬ \n-∂p sIm-√-t¶m-t´-°v h-cp-I-bmbn-cp-∂ temdn F-Xntc h∂ ss_-°nenSn-°p-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ Nn-‰-e-t©-cn I-Spºn-Sn c-Lp F-∂ ap-c-fo-[-c-s\ Xr-iq¿ sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°pw am-‰n.

]n©p-_m-enI ]-\n- _m-[n-¨v a-cn-¨p

h-≠n-Øm-h-fw: ]-\n-sb Xp-S¿-∂v A-Xym-k-∂ \n-ebn-em-bn-cp-∂ H-∂-ch-b- p-Im-cn a-cn-®p. ]-´-t©-cn am-tßm-Sv A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-s‚ a-Iƒ A¿-jn-X-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. am-Xm-hv: {]-Pn-X. k-tlm-Z-c≥: A¿-j≥.

kuZn-bn hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n a-cn-¨p a-e-∏p-dw: ku-Z-n-bn-se dn-

bm-Zn¬ h-m-l-\-]-I-SØn¬ ae-bmfn a-cn-®p. tIm-Uq¿ a-ßm-´p-]p-ew kn ]n ju-°Ø - v (40) BWv a-cn-®X - v. h-kv{- X-°S- b - nte-°v ]n-°∏ - vhm\n¬ km[-\-hp-am-bn h-c-p-tºmƒ Sb¿ s]m-´n a-dn-™m-Wv A]-I-Sw. aønØv \m-´n-seØn-°m≥ {i-aw \-S∂ - p-hc - p-∂p. `m-cy: kp-ld - m-_n. a°ƒ: ^m-Øn-am sj-dn≥, A¬-km-_n-Xv.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

sN-dp-]p-g: Xn-cp-ta-\n {]m-s∏m-bn-en-se ]n hn Ip-™ncm-a(55)s\-bm-Wv C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® ho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-acn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. . s]-cn-tßmw t]m-en-kv arX-tZ-lw C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn. `m-cy: h¬-k-e.

\m-]-I-S-¯n bp-h-Xn-sb sIme-s¸-Sp¯n Nm¡n sI«nb kw`hw; hmla-cn-¨p NnInÂk-bn-epÅ Im-ap-I³ \n-co-£-W-¯n ]m-e-°m-Sv: bph-Xnsb sImes∏-SpØn Ip-g¬-aμ - Ø - n-\S- p-Øv Nn-X-en-bnse tdm-U-cn-In¬ Nm°n¬-sI-´n-b \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn-b kw-`-hØn¬ Imap-I≥ t]menkv \nco-£W-Øn¬. Xriq¿ a-Æq-Øn ]q-®-´n kz-tZ-in A-\n¬-Ip-am¿ (35) BWv t]men-kv \n-co-£-W-Øn-ep-≈-Xv. C-bmƒ s\-©p-th-Z-\-sb-ØpS¿-∂v Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In-¬k-bn-emWv. Xr-iq¿ a-Æq-Øn ]q-®-´nbn¬ hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ Xm-a-kn-°p∂ en-kn F-∂ ssj-\n(50)bmWv sIm-√s - ∏-´X - v. kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v t]m-enkv ]-db - p-∂X - v: ap-ºv c-≠p hn-hm-

lw sNbvX en-kn- Ip-d® - p-\m-fmbn ]q-®-´n-bn-se hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ A-\n¬-Ip-am(35)dns\m-∏-am-Wv Xm-a-kn-®p-h-∂Xv. A-\n¬-Ipam-dm-Wv hm-S-I-ho-Sv F-Sp-Øp-\¬In-b-Xv. en-kn-bp-sS B-Zyhnhm-l-Øn-epw c-≠mw hn-hm-lØn-epw aq-∂p-Ip-´n-Iƒ ho-X-ap≠v. B-Zy`¿-Øm-hv a-cn®p. c≠mw `¿-Øm-hv D-t]-£n®pt]mbn. A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-\pw `m-cy-bpw Ip-´n-If - p-ap-≠v. A-Sp-Ø Im-e-Øm-bn en-knbpw A-\n¬-Ip-am-dpw X-Ωn¬ ÿn-c-am-bn h-g-°p-≠m-Ip-am-bncp-∂p. en-kn-bp-sS c-≠mw hn-hml-Øn-se a-I-fm-b 17Im-cn-bp-ambn A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-\p-≈ _-‘-

sØ-s®m-√n-bm-bn-cp-∂p h-g-°v. Xr-iq-cn-se kv-Iq-fn¬ π-kv Sp hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-b Cu Ip-´n enkn-tbm-sSm-∏-am-Wv Xm-a-kn-®ncp-∂X - v. I-gn-™ c-≠n\v h-g° - p≠m-Ip-Ib - pw A-\nens‚ a¿±-\ta‰v en-kn a-cn-°p-I-bpam-bn-cp∂p. Xp-S¿-∂v ar-Xt- Z-lw Nm-°nem-°n Ip-g¬-a-μw Nn-X-en-bn¬ D-t]-£n-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw Nm-°nem-°m≥ a-‰p-≈-h-cp-sS k-lmbw e-`n-®n-´p-t≠m F-∂v A-t\zjn-®p-h-cpI-bm-sW-∂v Ip-g¬-aμw F-kv.sF sI Pn c-ho-{μ≥ ]-d-™p. A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-s\tNm-Zyw sN-bv-Xm-te Iq-Sp-X¬ hn-h-c-߃ e-`y-am-Iq. ar-X-tZlw I-S-Øm≥ D-]-tbm-Kn-s®-

h-S-I-c: \-Sp-h-Æq-cn¬ ss_°pw _- pw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v bphmhv acn-®p. C-c-ß-Øv Nm∂p I-cp-Xp-∂ A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn- en¬ ho-Sv ap-l-Ω-Zv jw-\ms‚ \m-t\m Im¿ hn-øq¿ t]m- kv(26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. enkv I-ÃU - n-bn-se-Sp-Øp-. s]¨-Ip-´nbpsS samgn-bnemWv A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-s‚ ]-¶v tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: Km-‘n-tdm-Uv Psh-fn-s∏-´-Xv. kw-`-h-k-a-b-Øv Mv-j-\v ]-Sn-™m-dmbn _o-®n¬ Ip-´n kv-Iq-fn¬ t]m-bn-cp-∂p. A-t_m-[m-h-ÿ-bn¬ Im-WB-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F∂m¬ Ip-´n-bp-sS sam-gn-I-fn- s∏-´bmƒ se ssh-cp-[yw t]m-en-kn-s\ acn®-p. 50 h-b- v tXm-∂n-°p-∂ CIp-g° - p-∂p-≠v. t]m-en-kv A-t\z-jn-°p-∂- bm-sf i-‡n-th¬ a-[p-c F-∂mXm-bn t_m-[y-s∏-´ A-\n¬-Ip- Wv A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. C-Sam-¿ C-∂-se s\-©p-th-Z-\-sb- XpssI-bn¬ B-¿.C.Sn.F F- pw H-cp ]q-hpw ]-®Øp-S¿-∂v Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy ∂pw c-≠n-eb - m-bn hnB-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ A-Uv-an-‰m-bn-´p- Ip-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. Iq-Sp-Xe ≠v. H-√q¿, hn-øq¿, Ip-g¬-a-μw h-c-߃ A-dn-bp-∂-h¿ sh-≈t]m-en-kv kw-bp-‡-am-bm-Wv bn¬ t]m-en-kp-am-bn _-‘-s∏S-Ww. t^m¨ 0495 2384799. tI-kv A-t\z-jn-°p-∂X - v.

A-Úm-X ar-X-tZ-lw


8

thÀ-]mSv

KOCHI

07 Pq¨ 2014 i\n

s{S-bn-\n-\p ap-¶nÂNm-Sn a-cn-¨p

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: a-[y-h-b-kv-I≥ s{S-bn-\n-\p ap≥]n¬ Nm-Sn B-fl-l-Xy sN-bv-Xp. a-Æ-¥-e tI-c-fm-[nXy-]p-cw kz-tZ-in P-b-Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b¿ (58) B-Wv B-fl-l-Xy sN-bv-X-Xv. tÃ-j≥-I-S-hn-\p k-ao-]sØ {Sm-°n-em-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. ssS-‰m-\n-bw tIm-˛Hm-]-td-‰n-hv skm-ssk-‰n dn-´.Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-Wv P-bIr-jv-W≥.

k-Pn

Ip-ªn-s¡m-¨v

ssa-aq-\-¯v

l-eo-a

hÀ-¡n

D-®n-Ir-jv-W³

`-K-h-Xn

F-kv-X-¸m-t\m-kv ]o-äÀ

tIm-S-\m-Sv: sN-´n-\-S tXm-´p-]p-dw in-cm-P≥ aI≥ k-Pn(48). `m-cy: tIm-S-\m-Sv Fkv.F≥.Un.]n F¬.]n kv-Iqƒ A-[ym-]n-I-bpw H-°¬ s]-cp-a-‰w Xq-ºmbn¬ kp-[m-I-c-s‚ a-Ifp-am-b jo-_. a-I≥:kmcw-Kv-kq-cn(tIm-S-\m-Sv _tk-en-tbm-kv Hu-tK≥ ]-ªn-Iv kv-Iqƒ,8mw-¢mkv hn-Zym¿-Yn).kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 9\v ho´p-h-f-∏n¬.

B-ep-h: D-fn-b-∂q¿ sIm-d-t°m-S-Øv Ip-™ns°m-®v(75). `m-cy: \-^ok. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ kemw,A-–p¬ d-km-Jv, A-–p¬ P-eo¬, dw-eØv, A-ko-kv,km-Pn-X. acp-a-°ƒ:j-co-^v, kn-±nJv, d-lnw, Pn-_n-X,kp-\nX,j-ao-^.J-_-d-S-°w C∂p-cm-hn-se 10\v D-fn-b∂q¿ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

]-≈n-°-c: Im-cp-h-≈n¬ Ip-™v ap-l-Ω-Zv `m-cy ssa-aq-\-Øv(40). J-_-d-S°w \-S-Øn. hm-g-°m-e Im-h-\m-Sv Ip-Spw-_mw-Kam-Wv. a-°ƒ: ap-_o-\,ap\o¿. a-cp-a-I≥: j-^o-Jv.

B-ep-h: _m-¶v P-Mv-j\n¬ th-g-∏n-≈n ho-´n¬ dn-´. B¿.Sn.H Ip-™men ss\-\-bp-sS `m-cy leo-a(69). J-_-d-S-°w ]n∂o-Sv. B-ep-h K-h¨sa‚ v t_m-bv-kv l-b¿sk-°-≥-U-dn kv-Iqƒ dn´.{]n≥-kn-∏-em-bn-cp-∂p. ]-tc-X am-™m-en A©mw ]-cp-Øn Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv A-knw-(F≥-Pn\o-b¿ A-_p-Zm-bn),A\o-kv(F≥-Pn-\o-b¿,Zp_m-bv),tUm.lm-cnkv(bp.F-kv.F). a-cp-a°ƒ:sj-ao-\,A-ko\,tUm.k-a¿.

Im-e-Sn: a-‰q¿ ap-f-h-cn°¬ ho-´n¬ h¿-°n(88). `m-cy: Xp-d-hq¿ I-√q-°mc≥ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw t{Xky. a-°ƒ: ta-cn, tdmkn, F¬-kn, A¬t^m≥-k, kn-kn-en. a-cpa-°ƒ: A-t¥m-Wn, A-Kkv-‰n≥, a-Wn, t_-_n, X¶-®≥. kw-kv-Im-cw ]n∂o-Sv.

I-f-a-t»-cn: F-®v.Fw.Sn tIm-f-\n-bn¬ P-bm-\n-hmkn¬ dn-´.F-®v.Fw.Sn Poh-\-°m-c≥ D-Æn-Ir-jvW≥(70). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p- cm-hn-se 11\v I-f-a-t»cn \-K-c-k-` iv-a-im-\Øn¬. `m-cy: kp-μ-cn. a°ƒ: P-b-i-¶¿, P-b-{]Im-iv, P-b-dm-Wn.a-cp-aIƒ:A-\p-]-a.

Iq-h-∏m-Sw:F.sI tdmUn¬ Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ kp∫-ø sN-´n-bm-cp-sS `m-cy `-K-h-Xn(78). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 10\v Iq-h∏m-Sw iv-a-im-\-Øn¬. a°ƒ: a-Wn-I-WvT≥, ap-cpI-\-μ≥,a-e¿-sIm-Sn,Cuiz-cn. a-cp-a-°ƒ:Nn-{X,cmtP-iz-cn,a-t\m-l-c≥.

sX-t°-hm-g-°p-fw:]pXp-t»-cn F-kv-X-∏m-t\mkv ]o-‰¿(64). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v 3\v sX-t° hm-g-°p-fw D-Ænan-in-l ]-≈n sk-an-tØcn-bn¬. `m-cy: ta-cn. a°ƒ:- _n-_o-jv, _n≥kn, _n-Pn-\n.a-cp-a-°ƒ: kn¬-Pn, Ãm≥-en, tPm_n.

th-em-bp-[³ \m-bÀ

ap-Po-_p-d-lv-am³

h-≈-°-S-hv: Pp-am-a-kvPn-Zv tdm-Un¬ d-kn-b a≥-kn-en¬ C-{_m-lnw ]n-≈ a-I≥ sk-bv-Z-en (41). `m-cy: P-ao-e. a-°ƒ: ^¿-km-\, dp-Iv-km-\. h≈-°-S-hv Pp-am a-kvPn¬ J-_-d-S-°n.

A-Ðp P-ºmÀ sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: `-c-X∂q¿ ]p-fn-°-c hn ]n lu-kn¬ A-–p¬ P∫m¿ (70). `m-cy: l-eo-am _o-hn.

I-cp-Wm-I-c³ sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: Np-≈m-fw D-j-kn¬ I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ (77). `m-cy: D-jm-Ip-am-cn. a-°ƒ: {]-km-Zv, {]-Zo-]v, do-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssj-\, {]n-b-¶, kp-[o¿.

cm-a-N-{µ³ \m-bÀ In-fn-am-\q¿: sN-¶n-°p∂v I-S-bn¬ ho-´n¬ cm-aN-{μ≥ \m-b¿ (70). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-\m-b kp-io-e. a°ƒ: Kn-cn-P, jo-P, Zo-], tim-` (]-tc-X). a-cp-a°ƒ: t_-_n-Zm-kv, kp\n¬-Ip-am¿, cm-Pp.

cm-L-h-Ip-dp-¸v ap-f-°p-g: πm-hv \n¬-°p∂-Xn¬ ]n cm-L-h-Ip-dp∏v(85).

t]m-Ø≥-tIm-Sv: hm-hw Nm-Wn-°¬ _n-Pp `-h\n¬ th-em-bp-[≥ \mb¿ (74). `m-cy: cm-[-Ω. a°ƒ: hn-t\m-Zv, Zo-], _nPp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-P, cm[m-Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b-¿, _n-\n-X.

I-√-º-ew: In-fn-am-\q¿ tªm-°v ]-©m-b-Øv {]kn-U‚ v Xm-Pp-±o≥ A-lΩ-Zn-s‚ k-tlm-Z-c-\pw I√-º-ew ]p-√q¿-ap-°v the≥-tIm-W-Øv ho-´n¬ A–p¬ l-°o-an-s‚ a-I-\pam-b ap-Po-_p-d-lv-am≥ (37).

sk-bv-Z-en

kp-a-Xn-b-½ tIm-h-fw: N-∏m-Øv h-fhp-\-S Im-fn-hn-fm-I-Øv I-S-b-d ho-´n¬ kp-a-Xn-bΩ (54). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: cm-[-Ω (]-tc-X), cm-Lh≥ \m-b¿ (]-tc-X-≥), am-[-h≥ \m-b¿, hn-P-bΩ-]n-≈.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n -bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

I-√-º-ew: tZ-io-b ]m-X-bn¬ \-S-∂ hm-l-\m-]-I-SØn¬ H-cmƒ a-cn-®p. Im-´p-]p-Xp-ti-cn s\-´-bw, D-≠∏m-d A-°-c-hn-f ho-´n¬ A-–p¬ hm-ln-Zn-s‚ a-I≥ A¬ A-ao≥ F-∂ jn-\p-j (30)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. sh≈n-bm-gv-N D-®-°v H-cp-a-Wn-tbm-sS I-√-º-ew P-Mv-j\n-em-Wv A-]-I-Sw. I-√º-ew `m-K-Øv \n-∂pw sIm--√w `m-K-tØ-°v t]mI-th _-kv kv-‰m‚n-\v kao-]w \n¿-Øn B-fn-d-°pI-bm-bn-cp-∂ sI.F-kv.B¿.Sn.kn _-kn-s\ a-dn I-S-°m≥ {i-an-°p-∂-Xn\n-sS \n-b-{¥-Ww sX-‰n tdm-Un-te-°v ho-W C-t±l-Øn-s‚ i-co-c-Øn-¬ ]n-∂n-eq-sS h--∂ tem-dn Ib-dp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. kw-`-h ÿ-e-Øv h-®p X-s∂ jn\p-jm a-cn-®p. Zp-ss_-bn¬ ss{U-h-dm-bn tPm-en sNøp-∂ jn-\p-jm H-cp-am-kw ap-ºm-Wv \m-´n-se-Øn-bXv. J-Zo-P-bm-Wv am-Xm-hv. `m-cy: A-Po-\. a-Iƒ: jn-lm\ ^m-Øn-a (c-≠v). ar-X-tZ-lw Im-´p-]p-Xp-ti-cn P-amA-Øn¬ J-_-d-S-°n.

I-¼n-th-en-bn \n-¶v tjm-t¡-äv ho-«-½ a-cn-¨p ta-cn

k-c-kz-Xn A-½mÄ

tk-hyÀ-

-{So-k-

sam-bv-Xp lm-Pn

Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n

\m-cm-b-W³-Ip-«n- ta-t\m³-

tIm-X-aw-K-ew: ]q-bw-Ip´n ªm-h-\ ]-tc-X-\m-b Iq-\-Øm≥ tZ-h-ky-bpsS `m-cy ta-cn(76). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-°v 12\v ]q-bw-Ip-´n sk‚ v tPm¿÷v I-tØm-en-° ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a°ƒ: F¬-kn, tZ-h-kn°p-´n, tPm-bn(Ip-´-ºp-g ap≥ ]-©m-b-Øv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v, hym-]m-cn hyh-km-bn G-tIm-]-\-k-anXn ap≥ {]-kn-U‚ v, cmPo-hv-Km-‘n Ã-Unsk‚¿ sN-b¿-am≥), tPm¿-÷v-Ip-´n.a-cp-a°ƒ:]m-∏-®≥ ta-\m-t®cn , B-\o-kv ta-\m-t®-cn , en-kn Im-™n-c-Øn¶¬ ,ao-\.

t\m¿-Øv ]-d-hq¿:IS-h-Øv tdm-Uv c-Xv-\{io ]-tc-X-\m-b \-Scm-P≥ sN-´n-bm-cp-sS `m-cy k-c-kz-Xn AΩmƒ(90).a-°ƒ:]-tcX-\m-b hm-k≥,thWp-tKm-]m¬,A-¥cm-a≥,i-c-hW≥,tKm-a-Xn,I-em-hXn,A-ar-Xw,[-\w.

ssh-∏n-≥:- am-en-∏p-dwNq-Xw-]-d-ºn¬- a-Ømbn-bp-sS- a-I-≥ ]m-ÿkn - Fw- tk-hy¿- (62)- .F-f-¶p-∂-∏p-g- \yq- C¥y- ssZ-h-k-`mw-K-amWv.- kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v 11\v- Im-°-\m-Sv- k-`msk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬-.- `mcy:- Hm-a-\-.- a-I-≥: jnt‚m-. k-tlm-Z-c-߃-: tPm¿Pv- (a-kv-°-‰v),- tj¿-fn,tPm-k-^v,- ]-tc-X-\m-b F≥-.kn-.]n- Pn-√m- {]kn-U-‚ v kn- Fw- tZ-hkn,- kn- Fw- sP-bnw-kv(F-≥-.kn-.]n- kw-ÿm\- k-an-Xn-bw-Kw-).-

ssh-∏n≥: am-en-∏p-dw h-f-∏v ]-t¶-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b tZ-h-kn-bp-sS aIƒ {So-k-(88). A-hn-hmln-X-bm-Wv. kw-kv-Imcw \-S-Øn.

Nm-h-°m-Sv: ªm-ßm-Sv Im-´n¬ h-en-b-I-Øv Im´n¬ sam-bv-Xp lm-Pn (sam-bv-Xp-Æn-Ip-´n-˛80). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 10 \v ªm-ßm-Sv Im´n¬ Pp-am-A-Øv ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°-ƒ: j-d-^p≤o≥, ap-l-ko≥ (C-cp-hcpw bp.-F.C) ap-Po-_, jm-ln-\, B-cn-^.

A-¥n-°m-Sv: ]-d-Øm´n¬ Ip-´m-∏p-hn-s‚ a-I≥ Ir-jv-a≥-Ip-´n (90). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v h-Sp-°-c-bn¬. `m-cy: eo-e. a-°ƒ: [¿-Ω-]me≥, l-cn-Zm-k≥, c-Xv-\m`m-bv, {]-k-∂. a-cp-a°ƒ: tIm-a-f, sj¿-fn, l-cn-Zm-kv, t{]-a-Zm-kv.

ap-°m-´p-I-c-:- h-S-t°-apS-h-°m-´n¬- \m-cm-bW≥-Ip-´n- ta-t\m≥- (79). kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v 2.30\p- ]m-d-ta-°m-hv im¥n-L-´n¬. `m-cy:- hm-Ibn¬- A-Ωp- (sI-.Fkv.C-._n- dn-´. D-tZym-Kkv-Y). a-°ƒ:- cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥(Pn-.Fw.-B¿- F-b¿t]m¿-´v, ssl-Z-cm-_mZv), \-μ-Ip-am¿- (]m-d-ta°m-hv tZ-h-kzw- ap≥- Akn-kv-‰-‚ v sk-{I-´-dn, \ntbm-en-Øv {]n-t‚-gv-kv DS-a), ]-tc-X-\m-b- cmw-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ:- c-P-\n, tc-J.

tPm¬ hÀ-¤o-kv Ip-≠-d: F¬.-Fw.-Fkv. B-ip-]-{Xn-°v ]p-dIp-h-iw X-S-Øn-hn-f ]pØ≥-ho-´n¬ (ap-f-I-´¬ ]p-∂-hn-f) hn-c-an-® t]mÃv am-ÿ sIm-´m-c-°-c B-d≥-ap-f ]-≈n-h-S-°Xn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw tPm¨ h¿-§o-kv (82). kw-kv-Im-cw 10\v cm-hnse 10 \v Ip-≠-d sk‚ v tXm-a-kv Hm¿-ØtUm-Iv-kv h-en-b-]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: A-∂-Ω (hn-c-an-® A-[ym-]n-I, K-h. tKƒkv F-®v.-F-kv. sIm-´m-c°-c). a-°ƒ : Ip-cy≥ (shmt°-j-W¬ l-b¿-sk°-≥-U-dn A-kn. U-b-dŒ¿) jo-P (t`m-∏m¬), kp-P (I-c-hm-fq¿ ap-Øq‰v {_m-©v am-t\-P¿) a-cp-a-°ƒ : en-kn (F-Ivkn. F≥-Pn-\o-b¿ Irjn-h-Ip-∏v, sh¨-a-Wn), jm-Pn-tPm¨ (k¿°nƒ C≥-kv-s]-Œ¿, t]m-en-kv {S-bn-\n-Mv tIm-f-Pv, t`m-∏m¬), tXm-a-kv-Ip-´n (_n-kn-\ v I-c-hm-fq¿).

I-eym-Wn _-Zn-bS- p-°: \o¿-®m¬ a-√S- p-°b - n-se ]-tc-X\ - mb dn-´. F-kv.sF sI tIm-cs - ‚ `m-cy I-eymWn (85). a-°ƒ: c-ta-i≥ (aw-Ke - m]p-cw), sI {]-Im-iv (dn-´. Un-ssh.F-kv.]n), sI a\-tam-l\ - , sI in-hc - ma≥ (F.F-kv.sF {Sm^n-Iv tÃ-j≥, Im-k¿tIm-Uv), \m-Kt- h-Wn, Pb-e£ - va - n, Ko-Xm-Ip-am-cn, l¿-ie - X, ]-tc-X\ - m-b sI cm-PtKm-]m-e.

A-Pn-Xm-_o-hn N-h-d: sIm-´p-Im-Sv B-e-bn¬ h-S-°Xn¬ (hm-Wn-t»cn¬)ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip™n-s‚ `m-cy A-PnXm-_o-hn(46). a-°ƒ: A-Pv-a¬, A-Pv-an-√.

kp-{_-Ò-Wy³ \-¥n-Ip-f-ß-c:kp-{_“-Wy≥.`m-cy:X-¶-aWn(kn.Un.F-kv sshkv {]-kn-U‚ v t\m¿Øv ]-d-hq¿).a-°ƒ: apcp-I≥,jm-Pn.a-cp-a°ƒ:k-cn-X,A-\o-j.

cm-a-N-{µ³ N-h-d: s]m-∑-\ N-≈nØ-d h-S-°-Xn¬ cm-aIr-jv-W≥(78). `m-cy: I-cp-Wm-h-Xn.

am-X F-S-b-∂q¿-: tIm-tøm-´paq-e-bn-se sI hn- am-X (75). `¿-Øm-hv-: Ip-am-c≥.- a°ƒ-: `-c-X≥,- `m-c-Xn,_m-_p.- k-tlm-Z-cn-: Pm\p.- -

cm-a-N-{µ-`-«v s]¿-f: hym-]m-cn hy-hkm-bn G-tIm-]-\ k-a-nXn s]¿-f bq-\n-‰v Aw-Khpw t_-°-dn D-S-bp-am-b s]¿-f-bn-se ]n cm-a-N-{μ`-´v (65). `m-cy: ]m¿-h-Xn. a-°ƒ: hn-P-b-e-£v-an, ho-W, k-c-kz-Xn, hn-Zy, hn-\-bv, in-h-Ip-am¿.

A-½n-Wn

tXm-a-kv

I-a-em-£n

A-¶-½- tPm-k-^v-

ssl-am-h-Xn-b-½

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-Å

a-√-∏-≈n: Xp-cp-Øn-°m-´v hm-X-d ]-tc-X-\m-b ]n Fw Ip-dn-bm-t°m-kn-s‚ `m-cy A-Ωn-Wn(75). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v ap-∂n-\v sk‚ v tPm¨kv Iv-\m-\m-b ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]-tc-X It‰m-Sv a-\-°-∏-d-ºn¬ IpSpw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: tXm-a-kv Ip-´n, kmw-Ip-´n, Hm-a-\, an-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jo-\, an-\n, k-Æn, cm-Pp.

Xp-em-∏-≈n: h-´-∏m-d hm-g-bv-°m-∏m-d-bn¬ tXm-a-kv (sXm-Ω≥-˛68). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b tdm-kΩ sIm-√-ap-f Ip-∂-∏≈n¬. a-°ƒ: tkm-fn, kn-Pp, _n-kv-an, _n-_n≥. a-cp-a°ƒ:k-Pn, _n≥-kn, sP-dn≥.

Nn-d-bn≥-Io-gv: A-gq¿ hm-g-hn-fm-Iw ho-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-a-cp-hn-s‚ `m-cy I-a-em-£n (86). a°ƒ: _m-_p, kp-tZ-h≥, kp-[m-a-Wn, N-{μ-_m_p, D-j, kn-‘p. a-cp-a°ƒ: tZ-hn, Aw-_n-I, k-l-tZ-h≥, Kn-cn-P, aWn-I-WvT≥, {]-Xm-]≥.

Ip-≠-d: s]-cp-ºp-g ]p-\p°-∂q¿ sN-°-e-gn-I-Øv In-g-°-Xn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-√-∏≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `mcy ssl-am-h-Xn-b-Ω(84). a-°ƒ: c-Lp-\m-Y≥-]n≈-, c-am-`m-bn, hn-a-em-`mbn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ao-c, cm-Pohv, i-in-[-c≥-]n-≈.

Ip-≠-d: tIm-bn-°¬ ap-dn-bn¬ ]p-fn-¥-d°m-´n¬ ]-Sn-™m-‰Xn¬ tKm-]m-e-Ir-jvW-]n-≈(53). -kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v. `m-cy: h-k-¥-Ip-am-cn. a-I≥: k-\¬-Ip-am¿ (B¿-an).

sam-b-X v p lm-Pn s]-cn-ßØ - q¿: In-S™ nbn-se Xo-øØ - v I-Sh - Ø - v sam-bvX - p lm-Pn (72). `mcy: A-bn-jp. a-°ƒ: lmcn-kv (_-lvd - b - v≥), P-aoe.

C-cn-´n: hn-ft- °m-s´ Imcy-Øv Jm-Z¿ (60). `m-cy: ]n sI \-_o-kp. a-°ƒ: \n-km¿, km-Pn¿ (C-cp-hc - pw a-°), dn-bmkv (Kƒ-^v), P-eo¬, \hm-kv.

ap-°w: Iq-ºm-d a-Wn-ae-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm-k-^n-s‚ `m-cy a-dnbw tPm-k-^v (89). a°ƒ: ta-cn, A-eo-kv (]p-jv-]-Kn-cn en-‰n¬ -^vf-h¿ bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ A[ym-]n-I).

N-ß-\m-ti-cn-:- Xr-s°mSn-Øm-\w- N-°m-e-bn¬A-∏-®-s‚- `m-cy- A-∂-ΩtPm-k-^v- (79)-.- kw-kv-Imcw- \m-sf aq-∂n-\v- Xrs°m-Sn-Øm-\w- sIm-Sn\m-´pw-Ip-∂v- sk-‚ v- sk_m-kv-‰y-≥-kv- ]-≈n- skan-tØ-cn-bn¬.- A-d-hm°¬- Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv.a-°ƒ-:- F-’-Ω,- a-dn-bΩ,- Ip-©-∏-≥ (tXm-a-kv),- cm-Pp- (am-Xyp-),- t{K-kn°p-´n,- sd-Pn.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:tXm-a-kp-Ip-´n- sIm-gp-∏°-fw,- tPm-bn-®-≥ I-Æ≥-X-d,- t•m-dn- am-fn-tb°¬,- ta-gv-kn- Cu-´n°¬,- cm-Pp- a-Xn-®n-∏-dºn¬,- Ip-™p-tam-≥ tIm-bn-∏p-dw.-

Ip-ª-½

hm-kp-tZ-h³ \m-bÀ

X-¦-½ tXm-a-kv

e-£v-a-W³

I-a-em-£n

tKm-]n-\m-Y³

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: B-Zn\m-Sv Ip-t∂¬-ho-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b sIm-®p-am-tXcp-sS `m-cy Ip-™Ω(108). a-°ƒ: P-K-Z-Ω, hn-em-kn-\n, in-hm-\-μ≥. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥, kp-Ip-am-c≥, kp-a-Xn.

h-S-bm¿: dn-´. sI.F-kv.C._n D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ aW-te¬ ]-d-ºn¬ hm-kptZ-h≥ \m-b¿ (90). `m-cy: ]-flm-h-Xn-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ω, P-K-Zo-iz-cn-bΩ, {]-k-∂-Ip-am¿, iym-af, Aw-_n-Im-tZ-hn, e-XmIp-am-cn, Kn-cn-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-a-Ir-jv-W ssI-aƒ, h-\-P, ]-c-ta-iz-c ]-Wn°¿, l-cn-Ip-am¿, a-[p-Ipam¿, hn-{I-a≥, ]-tc-X-\mb hn-izw-`-c≥-\m-b¿.

Xn-S-\m-Sv: ]-c-h-cm-I-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-t™-´s‚ `m-cy X-¶-Ω tXm-akv (88). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v Xn-S-\mSv sk-‚ v tPm-k-^v ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. C-S-a‰w tIm-´-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mKw. a-°ƒ: A-∏-®≥, eoem-Ω, -tPm-bn-°p-´n-Ip-´nb-Ω, Ip-´n-®≥, h-’-Ω, tPm-k-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tPm-bn-®≥, t_-_n-®≥, _m-_p, ]-tc-X-\m-b _m_p, eo-em-Ω, sk-en≥.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: \-¥n-°-c Icp-a-Øn¬ am-Wn-Iy-s‚ a-I≥ e-£-a-W≥ (54). k-w-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. `mcy: h¬-k-e. a-°ƒ: Acp¨-i-¶¿, hn-jv-Wp amWn-Iyw.

Im-´q¿: hm-e-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b th-em-bp-[≥ `m-cy I-a-em-£n (86). kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: lcn-Zm-kv, e-fn-X, _m-_p, tkm-a-Zm-kv, Hm-a-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: Cu-iz-cn, Po-\, APn-X, A-tim-I≥, ]-tc-X\m-b {]-`m-I-c≥.

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: Im-h-d \o¿-®m-en¬ ho-´n¬ tKm-]n-\m-Y≥ (78). `mcy: i-Ip-¥-f. a-°ƒ: Ko-X, A-ºn-fn, Ip-am¿ (A-_p-Zm-_n). acp-a-°ƒ: kp-[n (kuZn), A-tim-I≥, kp-PnX.

Nm-e-°p-Sn: ]-Sn-™m-sd Nm-e-°p-Sn am-ºn-≈n ]tc-X-\m-b ]u-tem-kns‚ `m-cy tdm-kn(95)-.kw-kv-°m-cw \-S-Øn.- a°ƒ: a-dn-bm-Ω,- ]-tc-Xcm-b tPm-bv,- am-Ø-®≥.a-cpa--°ƒ: -B-\n,-B-t‚m (-_n.-sP.-]n \yq-\-]-£ tam¿-® kw-ÿm-\ sshkv {]-kn-U‚ v).

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W³- \m-bÀ-

Kw-Km-[-c³ s]-cn-ß-Øq¿: In-S™n-bn-se a-S-h≥ Ip∂p-Ω¬ Kw-Km-[-c≥ (57). `m-cy: hn-im-em-£n. a°ƒ: an-\n, jn-Pn, jn\n, jnw-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-te-jv, tkmw-Pn-Øv, {]-ho¨, kp-\n¬Ip-am¿.

Jm-ZÀ

cm-P³ _m-ep-t»-cn: ]-\© - n-cn B-Xn¬ cm-P≥ (51). `mcy: km-hn-{Xn. ]n-Xm-hv: Ipam-c≥. A-Ω: Nn-cp-X° - p´n. a-°ƒ: A-ºn-fn, APn¬.

a-dn-bw tPm-k-^v

hn-iz-\m-Y³ Xm-\q¿: tim-`∏ - d - º - v t£-{X-Øn-\p sX-°p-`mKw ap-≈Ø - v hn-iz-\m-Y≥ (58). `m-cy: I-eym-Wn.

_n D-®n-Ir-jv-W-sâ Nn-{X-§Ä-¡p-f-f hn-e-¡v ]n³-h-en-¡-W-sa-¶-`yÀ-Yn-¨v s^-^v-I I-¯-b-¨p sIm-®n: kw-hn-[m-b-I-\pw s^^v-I P-\¬ sk-{I-´-dn-bp-am-b _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-s‚ Nn-{X߃ {]-Z¿-in-∏n-°p-∂-Xv hn-e°n-b \-S-]-Sn ]n≥-h-en-°-Wsa-∂-`y¿-Yn-®v F-Iv-kn-_n-t‰-gvkv s^-U-td-j-\v s^-^v-I IØ-b-®p. sa-bv 13\v sIm-®n-bn¬ tN¿∂ F-Iv-kn-_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-Utd-j≥ P-\-d¬ t_m-Un tbm-Kam-Wv _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-s‚ Nn{X-߃ {]-Z¿-in-∏n-t°-≠-Xns√-∂v Xo-cp-am-\n-®-Xv. F-Iv-kn_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-U-td-j≥ Hm-^nkn-s‚ D-Zv-Lm-S-\-®-S-ßn¬\n∂v Xm-c-kw-L-S-\-bpw \n¿-amXm-°-fpw hn-´p-\n-∂-Xv _n DÆn-Ir-jv-Ws‚ \n¿-tZ-i-{]-Imc-am-sW-∂ B-tcm-]-W-Øn-

s‚ Xp-S¿-®-bm-bn-´m-bn-cp-∂p \S-]-Sn. {]-iv-\-Øn¬ N¿-®bv-°ns√-∂v B-h¿-Øn-®p]-d-bp-Ibpw kmw-kv-Im-cn-I Iq-´m-bv-a kw-L-Sn-∏n-°p-sa-∂v {]-Jym-]n°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X s^-^v-I, \ne-]m-Sv am-‰n k-a-hm-b-Øn-\v {iaw Xp-S-ßn-b-Xn-s‚ `m-K-am-bmWv I-Ø-b-®-sX-∂m-Wv hn-hcw. B-tcm-]-Ww A-Sn-ÿm-\-cln-X-am-sW-∂pw A-`n-{]m-b kw-L-´-\w A-\m-h-iy-am-sW∂pw hy-‡-am-°n {]-kn-U‚ v kn-_n a-e-bn-em-Wv s^-U-tdj-\v I-Ø-b-®-Xv. kw-L-S-\bvs°-Xn-cm-b B-kq-{Xn-X \o-°am-Wv hn-hm-Z-߃. N-e-®n-{X sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS tZ-io-b t\Xm-hp-Iq-Sn-bm-b _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-

W-s\ hn-e-°n-b Xo-cp-am-\w ]n≥-h-en-°-W-sa-∂v I-Øn¬ A-`y¿-Yn-°p-∂p. A-tX-k-a-bw, hn-e-°n-s\Xntc {]-Jym-]n-® {]-Xn-tj-[ Iq-´m-bv-a s^-^v-I am-‰n-h-®-Xv H-Øp-Xo¿-∏pkm-[y-X ]-cn-KWn-®m-sW-∂m-Wv kq-N-\. I- s Ø- g p- X n- b - X p- s Im- ≠ v Xo-cp-∂-X-√ {]iv\-sa∂v F-Ivkn-_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-U-td-j≥ {]kn-U‚ v en-_¿-´n _-jo¿ ]-d™p. D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-\pw kn-_n a-e-bn-ep-a-S-°-ap-≈-h¿ B-Zyw s^-U-td-js‚ Hm-^n-kn-seØp-I-bm-Wv th-≠-Xv. ti-jw N¿-®-bn¬ Xo-cp-am-\-am-bm¬ am-{X-ta hn-e-°v ]n≥-h-en-°p∂-Xv ]-cn-K-Wn-°q-sh-∂pw _jo¿ ]-d-™p.

tZ-h-In-b-½ C-cn-´n: ao-Ø-se ]p-∂ms´ I-cn-¥ tZ-h-In-b-Ω (75)-. `¿-Øm-hv-: ]-tc-X\m-b th-tßm-S≥- Ip™n-°-Æ≥- \-ºym¿.- a°ƒ-: \m-cm-b-W≥,- iyma-f,- eo-e (sS-bv-e¿),- Dj (F¬-.sF.kn.- GP‚ v),- Ko-X (\-gv-kv-, [-\e-£v-an- B-ip-]-{Xn-, IÆq¿),- {]o-X.

am-[-hn C-cn-´n: Io-gv-∏-≈n-bn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-dp-tImSp-°-c Nm-Øp-hn-s‚ `mcy am-[-hn (90). a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-Wn, Ip™n-cm-a≥, cm-P≥, im¥, Nm-Øp, tKm-hn-μ≥, Im¿-Xym-b-\n, tam-l\≥, Pm-\-In.

tdm-kn

AÐp- A-kokv F-S-°mSv: \-Sm¬ Bdp-I-≠n-bn¬ A–p¬ A-ko-kv (48). am-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-bm-b _-Ø-bn¬ ssk-\_. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-™n, dwe.

A-co-t°m-Sv: In-gn-t»-cn ]p-√-t©-cn Hm-´p-]m-d-∏pd-Øv ho-´n¬ sI sI tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥- \mb¿ (tKm-] ˛68). `m-cy: ]-Xv-an-\n. a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, _n-tP-jv (Zp_-bv), tc-Wp. a-cp-a-Iƒ: c-Rv-Pn-a.

hÀ-Ko-kv ]p-Xp-∏-≈n: Ip-a-cw-tImSv: ssa-e-°m-´v Fw Sn h¿Ko-kv (Ip-™n-°-˛98). kw-kv-Im-c-w C-∂v aq-∂n\v a-W¿-Im-Sv sk‚ v tacn-kv bm-t°m-_m-b kpdn-bm-\n I-Øo-{U¬ ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: A-∂-Ω, Nm-∂m-\n°m-Sv I-cp-am-¶¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b tXm-a-kv (tPm-bn), ]-tc-X-\m-b h¿-Ko-kv (cm-Pp), A-∂-Ω (Ip™q-™-Ω), kq-k-Ω (km-en-°p-´n), tIm-c (_m-_p-Pn-˛ l-hm-\m {Kq-∏v, A-_q-Z_n), Iam≥-U¿ D-Xp-∏v Fw h¿Ko-kv (Fw.-Un. A¬-k-d^m {Kq-∏v bp.-F.-C, {Ko≥ sse≥ sS-Iv-Ãbn¬-kv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-dn-bm-Ω X-db-Øv ]m-ºm-Sn, Ip-™ptamƒ s\-Spw-Ip-f-Øv sIm-®p-s]m-bv-I-bn¬, sIm-´m-c-°-c, ]-tc-X-\mb kv-I-dn-b ]p-Ø≥-]-dºn¬ Io-®m¬, sF-∏v πm-°n¬ I-Sp-∏n¬, tXm´-bv-°m-Sv, kq-k-Ω ]pØ≥-]p-c-bv-°¬, sIm´m-c-°-c, kq-k≥ Im-cmh-≈n¬ a-™-\n-°-c (tIm¿-Wo-jv tlm-kv-]n‰¬, A-_q--Z-_n).

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: I-√q¿ ]-®-fn-]p-d-Øv I-ºn-th-en-bn¬ \n-∂v tjm-t°-‰v ho-´-Ω a-cn-®p. `¿-Øm-hn-\pw t]-c°p-´n-°pw ]-cn-°v. ]-®-fn∏p-dw ssI-am-]-d-ºn¬ Ip-am-c-s‚ `m-cy Im¿-Xymb-\n-(52)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Ip-am-c-\pw a-I-fp-sS aI≥ `-hn-\-pw tjm-t°-‰n´p-≠v. C-∂-se ssh-Io´m-Wv k-w-`-hw. k-ao-]sØ ]-d-ºn¬ Im¿-jnIm-h-iy-Øn-\m-bn h-en® ssh-Zyp-Xn I-W-£s‚ C-cp-ºv t_m-Iv-kv sXm-´-Sp-Ø I-ºn th-en-bn-te°v sN-ºv I-ºn sIm-≠v h-en-®p sI-´n-bn-cp-∂p. C-Xph-gn ssh-Zyp-Xn {]-h-ln-®-Xm-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn-\v Im-cWw. a-°ƒ: _n-\o-jv, an-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: an-\n, _n-Pp.

]n©p-_m-enI ]-\n- _m-[n-¨v a-cn-¨p

h-≠n-Øm-h-fw: ]-\n-sb Xp-S¿-∂v A-Xym-k-∂ \ne-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ H-∂-ch-b- p-Im-cn a-cn-®p. ]-´-t©-cn am-tßm-Sv A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-s‚ a-Iƒ A¿-jn-X-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. am-Xm-hv: {]-Pn-X. k-tlm-Zc≥: A¿-j≥.

aÂ-ky-s¯m-gn-em-fn-bp--sS ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kv-I-cn-¨p

ssh-∏n≥: a¬-ky-_-‘-\-Øn-\n-sS t_m-´n¬ \n∂pw I-S-en¬ sX-dn-®v ho-Wv a-cn-® a¬-ky-sØm-gnem-fn-bp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw kw-kv-I-cn-®p. ]-≈n-∏p-dw amWn-_-km¿ I-f-ß-c tPm¨(53)s‚ kw-kv-°m-c-amWv \-S-Øn-b-Xv. I-gn-™ 30 \v cm-hn-se s]m-∂m-\n `m-K-Øv a-’y-_-‘-\-Øn-\n-sS- I-S-en¬ sX-dn-®v hoWm-Wv tPm-Wn-s\ -Im-Wm-Xm-b-Xv. hym-gm-gv-N sshIo-´v B-e-∏p-g tXm-´-∏n≈n `m-K-Øv I-S-en¬ \n∂pw ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠Øn-bn-cp-∂p.ap-\-ºw ]-Sam-´p-Ω¬ hn-\o-jn-s‚ a™p-am-Xm t_m-´n-se sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tXm-´-∏n-≈n,-A-go-t°m-Sv Xo-c-tZ-i t]m-eo-kv kwIr-jv-W³ bp-‡-am-bn C≥-Iz-Ãv XIm-™-ßm-Sv: dn-´. ]øm-dm-°n-b ar-X-tZ-lw ©m-b-Øv Po-h-\-°mB-e-∏p-g sa-Un-°¬-tIm-tf-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-¬ t]mc≥ tIm-´-t®-cn Ip-∂pÃp-tam¿-´w \-S-Øn C-∂-se ]-≈n-∏p-dw a-™p-am-Xm Ω¬ aq-f≥-ho-´n¬ Ir-jv- _-kn-en-°-bn¬ kw-kv-I-cn-®p. -`m-cy: ^n-tem. a-°ƒ: ^n¬-Pn,-^n¬-tPm. a-cp-a-I≥: \n-Iv-k≥. W≥ (77). `m-cy: \m-cmb-Wn. a-°ƒ: cm-P≥, th-Wp (C-cp-h-cpw Kƒ-^v), kp[, kn-‘p (A-¶W-hmSn So-®¿, \n-´-Sp-°w), kp-\n¬, ]-tc-X-bm-b esIm-√w: {]-k-h-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v bp-h-Xn a-cn-®p. X. A-[n-Ir-X-cp-sS A-\m-ÿ-bm-Wv a-c-W-Im-c-Wa-cp-a-°ƒ: e-fn-X, tc-J, sa-∂m-tcm-]n-®v _-‘p-°ƒ B-ip-]-{Xn D-]-tcmIp-™n-cm-a≥, tam-l[n-®-Xv kw-L¿-j-Øn-\n-S-bm-°n. A-©¬ k¿\≥ (^n-j-do-kv a-t©°m¿ B-ip-]-{Xn-bnse Xm¬-°m-en-I \-gviz-cw), kp-Nn-{X. kmb C-S-bv-°n-Sw \-S-ta¬-ap-°v sX-t°-hn-f ho´n¬ k-Po-hn-s‚ `m-cy \b-\(22)bm-Wv acn-®-Xv. kw`- h - s Ø- ° p- d n®v t]m-en-kv ]-d-bp-∂-Xv: hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se \-b\-sb _-‘p-°ƒ Ip-≠d-bn-se F¬.Fw.F-kv. B- i p- ] - { Xn- b nseØn®p. cm-{Xn 10.30-Hm-sS s]¨-Ip-´n-°v P-∑w-\-¬-In. C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® tZ-h-In A-½ 1.30-Hm-sS c-‡-{km-h-hpw c-‡-k-Ω¿-±-hpw A-anI-√-d: Im-´p-]p-dw kp-[o X-am-sW∂v Bip-]{Xn A[n-Ir-X¿ Adn-bn-®k-Z-\-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tXmsS _-‘p-°ƒ \b-\sb ta-h-d-sØ kzin-h-i-¶-c-]n-≈-bp-sS `mIm-cy sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶ncy tZ-h-In A-Ω (72). aepw a-cn-°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p. °ƒ: kp-[o, Pn-jv-Wp-IpK¿-`-[m-c-Ww- ap-X¬ \-b-\-sb ip-{iq-jn-®am¿, P-b-{io, {io-P-b. aXv F¬.Fw.F-kv. B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-em-Wv. B-ipcp-a-°ƒ: {io-I-e, kn]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X-cp-sS A-\m-ÿbm-Wv a‘p, i-in-[-c≥ \m-b¿ cWØn-\n-S-bm°n-b-sX-∂m-tcm-]n-®v _-‘p-°(]-tc-X≥), tam-l-\≥ fpw \m-´p-Im-cpw C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11Hm-sS B-ip\m-b¿. ]-{Xn D-]-tcm-[n-®p. dq-d¬ Un-ssh.F-kv.]n. Fw sI kp¬-^n-°-dn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep≈ t]map-Ip-µ³ ]m-∏n-\n-t»-cn: ]m-∏n-\nen-kv _-‘p-°-fpw B-ip-]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X-cp-amt»-cn sh-Ãv I-cn-°≥-Ipbn \S-Ønb N¿®sb XpS¿∂mWv 12Hm-sS P\f-Øn-\p k-ao-]w sIm-S°q´w ]ncn-™p-t]m-bXv. em-{º-Øv ap-Ip-μ≥ (70). ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw sa-Un-°¬ `m-cy: {io-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: tIm-f-Pn¬ t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\m-bn sIm-≠pkn-Pn, {]n-b. k-tlm-Z-ct]m-bn. J-Ø-dn-ep≈ `¿-Øm-hv k-Po-hv C-∂v ߃: I-eym-Wn, _m\m-´n-se-Øn-b-ti-jw kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-°pw. Ipe≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-L≠-d t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp. h≥.

{]-k-h-ti-jw bp-h-Xn a-cn-¨p; B-ip-]-{Xn-bn kw-LÀ-jw

bp-h-Xn-sb sIme-s¸-Sp¯n Nm¡n sI«nb kw`hw; NnInÂk-bn-epÅ Im-ap-I³ \n-co-£-W-¯n ]m-e-°m-Sv: bph-Xnsb sImes∏-SpØn Ip-g¬-a-μ-Øn-\-SpØv Nn-X-en-bnse tdm-U-cn-In¬ Nm-°n¬-sI-´n-b \n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn-b kw-`-hØn¬ ImapI≥ t]menkv \nco-£WØn¬. Xr-iq¿ a-Æq-Øn ]q-®-´n kz-tZ-in A-\n¬-Ip-am¿ (35) BWv t]m-en-kv \n-co-£-WØn-ep-≈-Xv. C-bmƒ s\-©p-thZ-\-sb-Øp-S¿-∂v Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬k-bn-em-Wv. Xr-iq¿ a-Æq-Øn ]q-®-´n-bn¬ hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ Xm-akn-°p-∂ en-kn F-∂ ssj\n(50)bm-Wv sIm-√-s∏-´-Xv. kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v t]m-enkv ]-d-bp-∂-Xv: ap-ºv c-≠p hn-hm-

lw sNbvX en-kn- Ip-d-®p-\m-fmbn ]q-®-´n-bn-se hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ A-\n¬-Ip-am(35)dns\m-∏-am-Wv Xm-a-kn-®p-h-∂Xv. A-\n¬-Ipam-dm-Wv hm-S-I-ho-Sv F-Sp-Øp-\¬In-b-Xv. en-kn-bp-sS B-Zyhnhm-l-Øn-epw c-≠mw hn-hm-lØn-epw aq-∂p-Ip-´n-Iƒ ho-X-ap≠v. B-Zy`¿-Øm-hv a-cn®p. c≠mw `¿-Øm-hv D-t]-£n®pt]mbn. A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-\pw `m-cy-bpw Ip-´n-I-fp-ap-≠v. A-Sp-Ø Im-e-Øm-bn en-knbpw A-\n¬-Ip-am-dpw X-Ωn¬ ÿn-c-am-bn h-g-°p-≠m-Ip-am-bncp-∂p. en-kn-bp-sS c-≠mw hn-hml-Øn-se a-I-fm-b 17Im-cn-bpam-bn A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-\p-≈ _-

‘-sØ-s®m-√n-bm-bn-cp-∂p h-g°v. Xr-iq-cn-se kv-Iq-fn¬ π-kv Sp hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-b Cu Ip-´n en-kn-tbm-sSm-∏-am-Wv Xm-a-kn®n-cp-∂-Xv. I-gn-™ c-≠n\v h-g°p-≠m-Ip-I-bpw A-\nens‚ a¿±-\-ta‰v en-kn a-cn-°p-I-bpambn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿-∂v ar-X-tZ-lw Nm-°n-em-°n Ip-g¬-a-μw Nn-Xen-bn¬ D-t]-£n-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw Nm-°n-em-°m≥ a-‰p-≈-h-cp-sS k-lm-bw e-`n-®n-´p-t≠m F-∂v A-t\z-jn-®p-h-cpI-bm-sW-∂v Ip-g¬-a-μw F-kv.sF sI Pn cho-{μ≥ ]-d-™p. A-\n¬-Ip-amdn-s\- tNm-Zyw sN-bv-Xm-te Iq-SpX¬ hn-h-c-߃ e-`y-am-Iq. ar-XtZ-lw I-S-Øm≥ D-]-tbm-Kn-s®-

∂p I-cp-Xp-∂ A-\n¬-Ip-am-dns‚ \m-t\m Im¿ hn-øq¿ t]menkv I-Ã-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øp-. s]¨-Ip-´nbpsS samgn-bnemWv A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-s‚ ]-¶v sh-fn-s∏-´-Xv. kw-`-h-k-a-b-Øv Ip-´n kv-Iq-fn¬ t]m-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ Ip-´n-bp-sS sam-gn-I-fnse ssh-cp-[yw t]m-en-kn-s\ Ip-g-°p-∂p-≠v. t]m-en-kv A-t\z-jn-°p-∂Xm-bn t_m-[y-s∏-´ A-\n¬-Ipam-¿ C-∂-se s\-©p-th-Z-\-sbØp-S¿-∂v Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ A-Uv-an-‰m-bn´p-≠v. H-√q¿, hn-øq¿, Ip-g¬-a-μw t]m-en-kv kw-bp-‡-am-bm-Wv tI-kv A-t\z-jn-°p-∂-Xv.

ar-X-fXn-∏-t-dZ--ºlv:wap-Xn-tØ-cn-S¨-Ø-dn-v ª p ssl-kv-

Iq-fn-\v kao]-sØ sI-´n-SØ - n-¬ I-gn-™Zn-h-kw I-s≠-Øn-b arX-tZ-lw Xncn-®d - n-™p. h-fs - s° A-Sn-®n-°m-a-e-bn-se \m-cm-bW\mWv acn-®Xv. \n-ch - [ - n tam-jW-t°-kp-I-fn-se {]-Xn-bmWnbmsf∂v t]menkv ]d™p. A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv. I-Æq¿ k_v P-bn-en-¬ \n∂v tamNn-X\ - m-b tijw X-fn-∏d - º - n¬ ]-gb - km-[\-߃ s]-dp-°n -hn-‰m-Wv Po-hn®n-cp-∂X - v. ar-Xt- Z-lw G-s‰-Sp-°m≥ _‘p-°ƒ X-øm-dm-bn-´n-√.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn sN-dp-]p-g: Xn-cp-ta-\n {]m-s∏mbn-en-se ]n hn Ip-™n-cma(55)s\-bm-Wv C-∂-se ]p-e¿s® ho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn. . s]-cn-tßmw t]m-en-kv ar-X-tZ-lw C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn. `m-cy: h¬-k-e. a-°ƒ: ku-ay, c-Pn-X.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

07 Pq¨ 2014 i\n

am-Xm-hn-sâ ar-X-tZ-l-hp-am-bn a-t\m-ssh-I-ey-ap-Å a-IÄ Zn-h-k-§-tfm-fw ho-Sn-\p-Ån I-gn-ªp -Iq-Sn

_m-_p

G-en-¡p-«n

cm-L-h-Ip-dp-¸v

s]m-¶-½

Nm-t¡m tPm-k-^v

tdm-kn-en-

hn-izw-`-c³-

{]-Zo-]v

tN¿-Ø-e: am-cm-cn-Ip-fw h-S-°v ]-©m-b-Øv \memw hm¿-Uv a-I-bn-cw (]≈n-°m-hv sh-fn ) ]-tc-X\m-b sN-√-∏-s‚ a-I≥ ]n sI _m-_p(53). -{_tZ-gv-kv e-°n sk‚-dn-s‚ D-S-a-bm-Wv. kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. am-Xm-hv: Ip-™n°p-´n. `m-cy: e-X. a-°ƒ: hn-jv-Wp-{]n-b, tZ-hn-{]nb.

Ip-a-fn: I-≠-Øn¬-]-dºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPmk-^n-s‚ `m-cy G-en°p-´n(83). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 9.30\v Ipa-fn eq-¿-Yv N¿-®v sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ:ta-cn°p-´n, t{K-k-Ω, Hm-a-\, P-b, X-¶-®≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ:am-Xyp B-\n-°m-Sv, am-Xyp kn Fw, tP-°∫v, jm-_p-sP-bnw-kv, ta-cn.

Xn-cp-h-√: Nm-Ø-¶-cn ap≠p-th-en¬ ho-´n¬ tkm-a-s‚ `m-cy s]m-∂Ω(52). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n∂o-Sv. a-°ƒ: {]-Zo-]v, {]tam-Zv, {]-im-¥v. a-cp-a°ƒ:B-i, c-ay, ln-a.

C-Sp-°n: I-´-∏-\- h-≈nbmw-s]m-bv-I-bn¬ Nmt°m tPm-k-^v (72) . kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hnse 10 \v sk-‚ v tPm¿-Pv s^m-tdm-\ ]-≈n-bn¬. `m-cy: G-en-bm-Ω, Im©n-bm¿ ]-Ø-]-d-ºn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ-: jm-Pn, km-_p. a-cp-a°ƒ-: tam-fn, ssj-\n.-

ap-≠-°-bw: h-≠≥-]Xm-¬ \-cn-b-\m-\n-°¬ {]-Zo-]v (46). `m-cy: kp-a. -a-°ƒ:kp{]n-b,kq-c-Pv.

A-Ðp-Àd-lv-am³

Ip-f-am-hv: sIm-®n-bn¬sd-bn¬-sh- D-tZym-K-kvY-\m-b- I-tcm-´p-]p-c-bv°-¬- hn¬-k-s‚ `m-cytdm-kn-en- (A-∂-Ω- 46) . kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂p cm-hnse 11 \v Iq-h-∏-≈ntlm-fn- C-Ωm-\p-th¬kn-.F-kv.-sF-. ]-≈nbn¬. ]-tc-X- Iq-´n-°¬]-≈n-hm-Xp-°-¬- Ip-Spw_m-Kw. a-°-ƒ- :ssk-dkv, A-eo-\.

sXm-Sp-]p-g: ]m-d-∏p-g Im®n-d-bn¬ hn-izw-`-c≥ (58)-.kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\p ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.`m-cy: N-{μ, A-cn°p-g ]p-c-°¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°-ƒ: kz-]v-\, tc-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-t\mPv,A-\o-jv.

ap-l-½-Zv

ap-f-°p-g: πm-hv \n¬-°p∂-Xn¬ ]n cm-L-h-Ip-dp∏v(85). dn-´. D-tZym-K-ÿ\m-bn-cp-∂p. ap-f-°p-g K‘¿-h ap-‰w `-K-h-Xn t£-{Xw {]-kn-U‚ v, {io-hn-em-kw 141mw \º¿ F≥.-F-kv.F-kv. Ic-tbm-Kw {]-kn-U‚ v F∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿Øn-®n-´p-≠v. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ]n I-a-em-£n-bΩ, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ir-jvW-Ip-dp-∏v.

Xn-cp-\m-hm-b: F-S° - p-fsØ Nn-‰I - Ø - v sN-dp-Ipf-Øn¬ ap-lΩ - Z- v (_m-h˛63). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a°ƒ: kp-ld - , km-_n-d, kp-sse-J, B-cn-^, \ko-d.

s]-cp-h-≈q¿: Nm-{XsØm-Sn tIm-gn-sØm-Sn A-–p-¿d-lvam≥ (74). `mcy: B-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: \Pvap-±o≥, dp-Jn-b, tkm^n-b, Pw-jn-b.

^m-¯n-a

a-t©-cn: aw-K-e-t»-cn \t√-ß-c sam-bv-Xo-s‚ `mcy tIm-´n-en-߬ \-^ok (48). a-°ƒ: im-^n, dm-^n, l-_o-_.

ta¬-ap-dn: C-cp-]-Øntb-gn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \Sp-sØm-Sn I-Ωp-hn-s‚ aIƒ- ]-tc-X-\m-b ]qt°m-´q¿ Du-tcm-Øv ]-dº≥ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy \-Sp-sØm-Sn ^m-Øn-a (76). a-Iƒ: B-bn-i. a-cp-aI≥: sam-bv-Xo≥ \q-td߬ ap-°v.

\-^o-k

B-bn-i l-Öp-½ sIm-Sp-h-≈n: ku-Øv sIm-Sp-h-≈n ]-tc-X-\mb sIm-b-∏ A-b-Ω-ZvIp™n-bp-sS `m-cy In-g°m-e-®n-bn¬ B-bn-i l-÷p-Ω (73).

I-p-ªp-®n Xp-Δq¿: Su-Wn-\p k-ao]w sh-´-t©-cn Ip-™pÆn (72). `m-cy: e-£v-an. a-°-ƒ: hn-\p, hn-\o-X. acp-a-I≥: D-Z-b-Zm-kv.

J-Zo-P _m-ep-t»-cn: Xn-cp-hmt©-cn-s∏m-bn¬ A-–p¿d-lv-am≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy J-Zo-P (73). a-°ƒ: P-aoe, kp-ss_-Z, k-^n-b, ssa-aq-\-Øv, A-–p¬ -K^q¿ (t]m-en-kv, ta-∏mSn), A-–p¬- lm-cn-kv ({]o-an-b¿ C-e-{Œn-°¬kv, _m-ep-t»-cn).

Nn-Zw-_-c³

A-½n-Wn

tXm-a-kv

I-a-em-£n

A-¶-½- tPm-k-^v-

ssl-am-h-Xn-b-½

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-Å

tN¿-Ø-e: tN¿-Ø-e sX-°v ]-©m-b-Øv ]Ømw hm¿-Uv sIm-®p-shfn Nn-Zw-_-c≥ (67). kwkv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. am-Xmhv: Ku-cn. `m-cy: e-fn-X. a°ƒ: tkm-bq-kv, e-X. acp-a-°ƒ: an-\p, cm-[m-Irjv-W≥. k-©-b-\w 12 \v cm-hn-se 10\v .

a-√-∏-≈n: Xp-cp-Øn-°m-´v hm-X-d ]-tc-X-\m-b ]n Fw Ip-dn-bm-t°m-kn-s‚ `m-cy A-Ωn-Wn(75). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v ap-∂n-\v sk‚ v tPm¨kv Iv-\m-\m-b ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]-tc-X It‰m-Sv a-\-°-∏-d-ºn¬ IpSpw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: tXm-a-kv Ip-´n, kmw-Ip-´n, Hm-a-\, an-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jo-\, an-\n, k-Æn, cm-Pp.

Xp-em-∏-≈n: h-´-∏m-d hm-g-bv-°m-∏m-d-bn¬ tXm-a-kv (sXm-Ω≥-˛68). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b tdm-kΩ sIm-√-ap-f Ip-∂-∏≈n¬. a-°ƒ: tkm-fn, kn-Pp, _n-kv-an, _n-_n≥. a-cp-a°ƒ:k-Pn, _n≥-kn, sP-dn≥.

Nn-d-bn≥-Io-gv: A-gq¿ hm-g-hn-fm-Iw ho-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-a-cp-hn-s‚ `m-cy I-a-em-£n (86). a°ƒ: _m-_p, kp-tZ-h≥, kp-[m-a-Wn, N-{μ-_m_p, D-j, kn-‘p. a-cp-a°ƒ: tZ-hn, Aw-_n-I, k-l-tZ-h≥, Kn-cn-P, aWn-I-WvT≥, {]-Xm-]≥.

Ip-≠-d: s]-cp-ºp-g ]p-\p°-∂q¿ sN-°-e-gn-I-Øv In-g-°-Xn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-√-∏≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `mcy ssl-am-h-Xn-b-Ω(84). a-°ƒ: c-Lp-\m-Y≥-]n≈-, c-am-`m-bn, hn-a-em-`mbn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ao-c, cm-Pohv, i-in-[-c≥-]n-≈.

Ip-≠-d: tIm-bn-°¬ ap-dn-bn¬ ]p-fn-¥-d°m-´n¬ ]-Sn-™m-‰Xn¬ tKm-]m-e-Ir-jvW-]n-≈(53). -kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v. `m-cy: h-k-¥-Ip-am-cn. a-I≥: k-\¬-Ip-am¿ (B¿-an).

sam-b-X v p lm-Pn

C-cn-´n: hn-ft- °m-s´ Imcy-Øv Jm-Z¿ (60). `m-cy: ]n sI \-_o-kp. a-°ƒ: \n-km¿, km-Pn¿ (C-cp-hc - pw a-°), dn-bmkv (Kƒ-^v), P-eo¬, \hm-kv.

N-ß-\m-ti-cn-:- Xr-s°mSn-Øm-\w- N-°m-e-bn¬A-∏-®-s‚- `m-cy- A-∂-ΩtPm-k-^v- (79)-.- kw-kv-Imcw- \m-sf aq-∂n-\v- Xrs°m-Sn-Øm-\w- sIm-Sn\m-´pw-Ip-∂v- sk-‚ v- sk_m-kv-‰y-≥-kv- ]-≈n- skan-tØ-cn-bn¬.- A-d-hm°¬- Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv.a-°ƒ-:- F-’-Ω,- a-dn-bΩ,- Ip-©-∏-≥ (tXm-a-kv),- cm-Pp- (am-Xyp-),- t{K-kn°p-´n,- sd-Pn.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:tXm-a-kp-Ip-´n- sIm-gp-∏°-fw,- tPm-bn-®-≥ I-Æ≥-X-d,- t•m-dn- am-fn-tb°¬,- ta-gv-kn- Cu-´n°¬,- cm-Pp- a-Xn-®n-∏-dºn¬,- Ip-™p-tam-≥ tIm-bn-∏p-dw.-

sIm-«³ F-Sb - ∂ - q¿-: a-cΩ - p-dn-b≥Nm-tØm-Øv- sIm-´≥(78). `m-cy-: sI Im¿-Xymb-\n.a-°ƒ-: cm-P≥,- A-\o-jv,Ip-sshØv),- {]-Im-i≥.a-cp-a° - ƒ-: Ko-X,- k-\nj,- Pn≥-j.-

tPm¬ hÀ-¤o-kv Ip-≠-d: F¬.-Fw.-Fkv. B-ip-]-{Xn-°v ]p-dIp-h-iw X-S-Øn-hn-f ]pØ≥-ho-´n¬ (ap-f-I-´¬ ]p-∂-hn-f) hn-c-an-® t]mÃv am-ÿ sIm-´m-c-°-c B-d≥-ap-f ]-≈n-h-S-°Xn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw tPm¨ h¿-§o-kv (82). kw-kv-Im-cw 10\v cm-hnse 10 \v Ip-≠-d sk‚ v tXm-a-kv Hm¿-ØtUm-Iv-kv h-en-b-]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: A-∂-Ω (hn-c-an-® A-[ym-]n-I, K-h. tKƒkv F-®v.-F-kv. sIm-´m-c°-c). a-°ƒ : Ip-cy≥ (shmt°-j-W¬ l-b¿-sk°-≥-U-dn A-kn. U-b-dŒ¿) jo-P (t`m-∏m¬), kp-P (I-c-hm-fq¿ ap-Øq‰v {_m-©v am-t\-P¿) a-cp-a-°ƒ : en-kn (F-Ivkn. F≥-Pn-\o-b¿ Irjn-h-Ip-∏v, sh¨-a-Wn), jm-Pn-tPm¨ (k¿°nƒ C≥-kv-s]-Œ¿, t]m-en-kv {S-bn-\n-Mv tIm-f-Pv, t`m-∏m¬), tXm-a-kv-Ip-´n (_n-kn-\ v I-c-hm-fq¿).

I-eym-Wn _-Zn-bS- p-°: \o¿-®m¬ a-√S- p-°b - n-se ]-tc-X\ - mb dn-´. F-kv.sF sI tIm-cs - ‚ `m-cy I-eymWn (85). a-°ƒ: c-ta-i≥ (aw-Ke - m]p-cw), sI {]-Im-iv (dn-´. Un-ssh.F-kv.]n), sI a\-tam-l\ - , sI in-hc - ma≥ (F.F-kv.sF {Sm^n-Iv tÃ-j≥, Im-k¿tIm-Uv), \m-Kt- h-Wn, Pb-e£ - va - n, Ko-Xm-Ip-am-cn, l¿-ie - X, ]-tc-X\ - m-b sI cm-PtKm-]m-e.

s]-cn-ßØ - q¿: In-S™ nbn-se Xo-øØ - v I-Sh - Ø - v sam-bvX - p lm-Pn (72). `mcy: A-bn-jp. a-°ƒ: lmcn-kv (_-lvd - b - v≥), P-aoe.

Jm-ZÀ

a-dn-bw tPm-k-^v ap-°w: Iq-ºm-d a-Wn-ae-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm-k-^n-s‚ `m-cy a-dnbw tPm-k-^v (89). a°ƒ: ta-cn, A-eo-kv (]p-jv-]-Kn-cn en-‰n¬ -^vf-h¿ bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ A[ym-]n-I).

am-[-hn C-cn-´n: Io-gv-∏-≈n-bn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-dp-tImSp-°-c Nm-Øp-hn-s‚ `mcy am-[-hn (90). a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-Wn, Ip™n-cm-a≥, cm-P≥, im¥, Nm-Øp, tKm-hn-μ≥, Im¿-Xym-b-\n, tam-l\≥, Pm-\-In.

AÐp- A-kokv F-S-°mSv: \-Sm¬ Bdp-I-≠n-bn¬ A–p¬ A-ko-kv (48). am-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-bm-b _-Ø-bn¬ ssk-\_. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-™n, dwe.

A-Pn-Xm-_o-hn

P-b-{]-Im-iv

cm-a-N-{µ³

Ip-ª-½

hm-kp-tZ-h³ \m-bÀ

X-¦-½ tXm-a-kv

N-h-d: sIm-´p-Im-Sv B-ebn¬ h-S-°-Xn¬ (hm-Wnt»-cn¬)ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip™n-s‚ `m-cy A-Pn-Xm_o-hn(46). a-°ƒ: A-Pva¬, A-Pv-an-√.

N-h-d: s]m-∑-\ Im-thcn-bn¬ hn P-b-{]-Imiv(66˛-dn-´. sF.B¿.C). `m-cy: im-¥-Ω. a-°ƒ: P-b-{]-km-Zv, P-b-{]-`, Pb-{]-tam-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-cn-X, a-Wn-I-WvT≥.

N-h-d: s]m-∑-\ N-≈nØ-d h-S-°-Xn¬ cm-a-Irjv-W≥(78). `m-cy: I-cpWm-h-Xn. a-°ƒ: tk\≥, tk-\m-Yn cm-P≥, tk-Xp-\m-Yv, k-Xy≥, APn-X, jo-_, A-\n¬-Ipam¿, jm-Pn. Ko-X, tk-Xpe-£v-an, c-am-Ip-am-cn, kpPm-tZ-hn, cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥, cm-tP-{μ≥, tc-WpI, jo-P.

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: B-Zn\m-Sv Ip-t∂¬-ho-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b sIm-®p-am-tXcp-sS `m-cy Ip-™Ω(108). a-°ƒ: P-K-Z-Ω, hn-em-kn-\n, in-hm-\-μ≥. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥, kp-Ip-am-c≥, kp-a-Xn.

h-S-bm¿: dn-´. sI.F-kv.C._n D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ aW-te¬ ]-d-ºn¬ hm-kptZ-h≥ \m-b¿ (90). `m-cy: ]-flm-h-Xn-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ω, P-K-Zo-iz-cn-bΩ, {]-k-∂-Ip-am¿, iym-af, Aw-_n-Im-tZ-hn, e-XmIp-am-cn, Kn-cn-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-a-Ir-jv-W ssI-aƒ, h-\-P, ]-c-ta-iz-c ]-Wn°¿, l-cn-Ip-am¿, a-[p-Ipam¿, hn-{I-a≥, ]-tc-X-\mb hn-izw-`-c≥-\m-b¿.

Xn-S-\m-Sv: ]-c-h-cm-I-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-t™-´s‚ `m-cy X-¶-Ω tXm-akv (88). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v Xn-S-\mSv sk-‚ v tPm-k-^v ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. C-S-a‰w tIm-´-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mKw. a-°ƒ: A-∏-®≥, eoem-Ω, -tPm-bn-°p-´n-Ip-´nb-Ω, Ip-´n-®≥, h-’-Ω, tPm-k-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tPm-bn-®≥, t_-_n-®≥, _m-_p, ]-tc-X-\m-b _m_p, eo-em-Ω, sk-en≥.

cm-a³ ]-ø-∂q¿: sh-≈q¿ ]-gb-sX-cp-hn-se F hn cma≥ (87). `-m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b sI hn \m-cm-bWn. a-°ƒ: Ir-jv-W≥ (dn-´. sk-{I-´-dn ]-ø-∂q¿ hoth-gv-kv skm-ssk-‰n), ]-tc-X-bm-b Kn-cn-P. a-cpa-°ƒ: ]p-jv-]-e-X (A[ym-]n-I), ]-tc-X-\m-b I-Æ≥.

k-tcm-Pw

sam-bv-Xp lm-Pn

Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n

\m-cm-b-W³-Ip-«n- ta-t\m³-

e-£v-a-W³

I-a-em-£n

tKm-]n-\m-Y³

Nm-h-°m-Sv: ªm-ßm-Sv Im-´n¬ h-en-b-I-Øv Im´n¬ sam-bv-Xp lm-Pn (sam-bv-Xp-Æn-Ip-´n-˛80). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 10 \v ªm-ßm-Sv Im´n¬ Pp-am-A-Øv ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°-ƒ: j-d-^p≤o≥, ap-l-ko≥ (C-cp-hcpw bp.-F.C) ap-Po-_, jm-ln-\, B-cn-^.

A-¥n-°m-Sv: ]-d-Øm´n¬ Ip-´m-∏p-hn-s‚ a-I≥ Ir-jv-a≥-Ip-´n (90). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v h-Sp-°-c-bn¬. `m-cy: eo-e. a-°ƒ: [¿-Ω-]me≥, l-cn-Zm-k≥, c-Xv-\m`m-bv, {]-k-∂. a-cp-a°ƒ: tIm-a-f, sj¿-fn, l-cn-Zm-kv, t{]-a-Zm-kv.

ap-°m-´p-I-c-:- h-S-t°-apS-h-°m-´n¬- \m-cm-bW≥-Ip-´n- ta-t\m≥- (79). kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v 2.30\p- ]m-d-ta-°m-hv im¥n-L-´n¬. `m-cy:- hm-Ibn¬- A-Ωp- (sI-.Fkv.C-._n- dn-´. D-tZym-Kkv-Y). a-°ƒ:- cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥(Pn-.Fw.-B¿- F-b¿t]m¿-´v, ssl-Z-cm-_mZv), \-μ-Ip-am¿- (]m-d-ta°m-hv tZ-h-kzw- ap≥- Akn-kv-‰-‚ v sk-{I-´-dn, \ntbm-en-Øv {]n-t‚-gv-kv DS-a), ]-tc-X-\m-b- cmw-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ:- c-P-\n, tc-J.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: \-¥n-°-c Icp-a-Øn¬ am-Wn-Iy-s‚ a-I≥ e-£-a-W≥ (54). k-w-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. `mcy: h¬-k-e. a-°ƒ: Acp¨-i-¶¿, hn-jv-Wp amWn-Iyw.

Im-´q¿: hm-e-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b th-em-bp-[≥ `m-cy I-a-em-£n (86). kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: lcn-Zm-kv, e-fn-X, _m-_p, tkm-a-Zm-kv, Hm-a-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: Cu-iz-cn, Po-\, APn-X, A-tim-I≥, ]-tc-X\m-b {]-`m-I-c≥.

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: Im-h-d \o¿-®m-en¬ ho-´n¬ tKm-]n-\m-Y≥ (78). `mcy: i-Ip-¥-f. a-°ƒ: Ko-X, A-ºn-fn, Ip-am¿ (A-_p-Zm-_n). acp-a-°ƒ: kp-[n (kuZn), A-tim-I≥, kp-PnX.

Nm-e-°p-Sn: ]-Sn-™m-sd Nm-e-°p-Sn am-ºn-≈n ]tc-X-\m-b ]u-tem-kns‚ `m-cy tdm-kn(95)-.kw-kv-°m-cw \-S-Øn.- a°ƒ: a-dn-bm-Ω,- ]-tc-Xcm-b tPm-bv,- am-Ø-®≥.a-cpa--°ƒ: -B-\n,-B-t‚m (-_n.-sP.-]n \yq-\-]-£ tam¿-® kw-ÿm-\ sshkv {]-kn-U‚ v).

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W³- \m-bÀ-

am-X F-S-b-∂q¿-: tIm-tøm-´paq-e-bn-se sI hn- am-X (75). `¿-Øm-hv-: Ip-am-c≥.- a°ƒ-: `-c-X≥,- `m-c-Xn,_m-_p.- k-tlm-Z-cn-: Pm\p.- -

F-en-°p-fw: I-√q-]-dºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b _m-eIr-jv-W≥ \m-b-cp-sS `mcy Sn sP k-tcm-Pw (84). cm-a-]p-cw sIm-≠m-Sv Ipgp-∏-\m¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 11\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: P-b-{io, kp-\¿-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-cn-Ipam¿, kp-te-J.

cm-a-N-{µ-`-«v s]¿-f: hym-]m-cn hy-hkm-bn G-tIm-]-\ k-a-nXn s]¿-f bq-\n-‰v Aw-Khpw t_-°-dn D-S-bp-am-b s]¿-f-bn-se ]n cm-a-N-{μ`-´v (65). `m-cy: ]m¿-h-Xn. a-°ƒ: hn-P-b-e-£v-an, ho-W, k-c-kz-Xn, hn-Zy, hn-\-bv, in-h-Ip-am¿.

s]-cn-ß-Øq¿: In-S™n-bn-se a-S-h≥ Ip∂p-Ω¬ Kw-Km-[-c≥ aq-k-¡p-ªn-ap-{In (57). sam-{Km¬: P-\-Xm-Zƒ `m-cy: hn-im-em-£n. aF-kv Pn-√m ko-\n-b¿ °ƒ: an-\n, jn-Pn, jnssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v Sn \n, jnw-\. aq-k-°p-™n ap-{In (80). a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-te-jv, 16 h¿-j-tØm-fw ao-© tkmw-Pn-Øv, {]-ho¨, ]-©m-b-Øv Aw-K-am-bn- kp-\n¬Ip-am¿. cp-∂p.

_n D-®n-Ir-jv-W-sâ Nn-{X-§Ä-¡p-f-f hn-e-¡v ]n³-h-en-¡-W-sa-¶-`yÀ-Yn-¨v s^-^v-I I-¯-b-¨p sIm-®n: kw-hn-[m-b-I-\pw s^^v-I P-\¬ sk-{I-´-dn-bp-am-b _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-s‚ Nn-{X߃ {]-Z¿-in-∏n-°p-∂-Xv hn-e°n-b \-S-]-Sn ]n≥-h-en-°-Wsa-∂-`y¿-Yn-®v F-Iv-kn-_n-t‰-gvkv s^-U-td-j-\v s^-^v-I IØ-b-®p. sa-bv 13\v sIm-®n-bn¬ tN¿∂ F-Iv-kn-_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-Utd-j≥ P-\-d¬ t_m-Un tbm-Kam-Wv _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-s‚ Nn{X-߃ {]-Z¿-in-∏n-t°-≠-Xns√-∂v Xo-cp-am-\n-®-Xv. F-Iv-kn_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-U-td-j≥ Hm-^nkn-s‚ D-Zv-Lm-S-\-®-S-ßn¬\n∂v Xm-c-kw-L-S-\-bpw \n¿-amXm-°-fpw hn-´p-\n-∂-Xv _n DÆn-Ir-jv-Ws‚ \n¿-tZ-i-{]-Imc-am-sW-∂ B-tcm-]-W-Øn-

s‚ Xp-S¿-®-bm-bn-´m-bn-cp-∂p \S-]-Sn. {]-iv-\-Øn¬ N¿-®bv-°ns√-∂v B-h¿-Øn-®p]-d-bp-Ibpw kmw-kv-Im-cn-I Iq-´m-bv-a kw-L-Sn-∏n-°p-sa-∂v {]-Jym-]n°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X s^-^v-I, \ne-]m-Sv am-‰n k-a-hm-b-Øn-\v {iaw Xp-S-ßn-b-Xn-s‚ `m-K-am-bmWv I-Ø-b-®-sX-∂m-Wv hn-hcw. B-tcm-]-Ww A-Sn-ÿm-\-cln-X-am-sW-∂pw A-`n-{]m-b kw-L-´-\w A-\m-h-iy-am-sW∂pw hy-‡-am-°n {]-kn-U‚ v kn-_n a-e-bn-em-Wv s^-U-tdj-\v I-Ø-b-®-Xv. kw-L-S-\bvs°-Xn-cm-b B-kq-{Xn-X \o-°am-Wv hn-hm-Z-߃. N-e-®n-{X sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS tZ-io-b t\Xm-hp-Iq-Sn-bm-b _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-

Kw-Km-[-c³

W-s\ hn-e-°n-b Xo-cp-am-\w ]n≥-h-en-°-W-sa-∂v I-Øn¬ A-`y¿-Yn-°p-∂p. A-tX-k-a-bw, hn-e-°n-s\Xntc {]-Jym-]n-® {]-Xn-tj-[ Iq-´m-bv-a s^-^v-I am-‰n-h-®-Xv H-Øp-Xo¿-∏pkm-[y-X ]-cn-KWn-®m-sW-∂m-Wv kq-N-\. I- s Ø- g p- X n- b - X p- s Im- ≠ v Xo-cp-∂-X-√ {]iv\-sa∂v F-Ivkn-_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-U-td-j≥ {]kn-U‚ v en-_¿-´n _-jo¿ ]-d™p. D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-\pw kn-_n a-e-bn-ep-a-S-°-ap-≈-h¿ B-Zyw s^-U-td-js‚ Hm-^n-kn-seØp-I-bm-Wv th-≠-Xv. ti-jw N¿-®-bn¬ Xo-cp-am-\-am-bm¬ am-{X-ta hn-e-°v ]n≥-h-en-°p∂-Xv ]-cn-K-Wn-°q-sh-∂pw _jo¿ ]-d-™p.

tZ-h-In-b-½ C-cn-´n: ao-Ø-se ]p-∂ms´ I-cn-¥ tZ-h-In-b-Ω (75)-. `¿-Øm-hv-: ]-tc-X\m-b th-tßm-S≥- Ip™n-°-Æ≥- \-ºym¿.- a°ƒ-: \m-cm-b-W≥,- iyma-f,- eo-e (sS-bv-e¿),- Dj (F¬-.sF.kn.- GP‚ v),- Ko-X (\-gv-kv-, [-\e-£v-an- B-ip-]-{Xn-, IÆq¿),- {]o-X.

cm-P³ _m-ep-t»-cn: ]-\© - n-cn B-Xn¬ cm-P≥ (51). `mcy: km-hn-{Xn. ]n-Xm-hv: Ipam-c≥. A-Ω: Nn-cp-X° - p´n. a-°ƒ: A-ºn-fn, APn¬.

tdm-kn

hn-iz-\m-Y³ Xm-\q¿: tim-`∏ - d - º - v t£-{X-Øn-\p sX-°p-`mKw ap-≈Ø - v hn-iz-\m-Y≥ (58). `m-cy: I-eym-Wn.

A-co-t°m-Sv: In-gn-t»-cn ]p-√-t©-cn Hm-´p-]m-d-∏pd-Øv ho-´n¬ sI sI tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥- \mb¿ (tKm-] ˛68). `m-cy: ]-Xv-an-\n. a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, _n-tP-jv (Zp_-bv), tc-Wp. a-cp-a-Iƒ: c-Rv-Pn-a.

cm-L-h³ \m-bÀ ]-´-W-°m-Sv: h-f-aw-K-ew I-´p-∏m-Sn-bn¬ cm-L-h≥ \m-b¿ (89). `m-cy: k-ckz-Xn A-Ω tNm-t\°¬. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-Ipμ≥ \m-b¿, Iu-am-cn AΩ, c-ta-i≥ \m-b¿( t\h¬ t_-bv-kv, sIm-®n) k-Xo-i≥ \m-b¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥\m-b¿, C-μn-c, cm-[(dn-´. kn. B¿. ]n. F-^v).

hÀ-Ko-kv ]p-Xp-∏-≈n: Ip-a-cw-tImSv: ssa-e-°m-´v Fw Sn h¿Ko-kv (Ip-™n-°-˛98). kw-kv-Im-c-w C-∂v aq-∂n\v a-W¿-Im-Sv sk‚ v tacn-kv bm-t°m-_m-b kpdn-bm-\n I-Øo-{U¬ ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: A-∂-Ω, Nm-∂m-\n°m-Sv I-cp-am-¶¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b tXm-a-kv (tPm-bn), ]-tc-X-\m-b h¿-Ko-kv (cm-Pp), A-∂-Ω (Ip™q-™-Ω), kq-k-Ω (km-en-°p-´n), tIm-c (_m-_p-Pn-˛ l-hm-\m {Kq-∏v, A-_q-Z_n), Iam≥-U¿ D-Xp-∏v Fw h¿Ko-kv (Fw.-Un. A¬-k-d^m {Kq-∏v bp.-F.-C, {Ko≥ sse≥ sS-Iv-Ãbn¬-kv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-dn-bm-Ω X-db-Øv ]m-ºm-Sn, Ip-™ptamƒ s\-Spw-Ip-f-Øv sIm-®p-s]m-bv-I-bn¬, sIm-´m-c-°-c, ]-tc-X-\mb kv-I-dn-b ]p-Ø≥-]-dºn¬ Io-®m¬, sF-∏v πm-°n¬ I-Sp-∏n¬, tXm´-bv-°m-Sv, kq-k-Ω ]pØ≥-]p-c-bv-°¬, sIm´m-c-°-c, kq-k≥ Im-cmh-≈n¬ a-™-\n-°-c (tIm¿-Wo-jv tlm-kv-]n‰¬, A-_q--Z-_n).

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: am-Xm-hn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-l-hp-am-bn a-t\mssh-I-ey-ap-≈ a-Iƒ Zn-h-k-ß-tfm-fw ho-Sn-\p-≈n¬ I-gn-™p -Iq-Sn. A-Sq¿ ]-g-Ip-fw ]m-kv P-Mv-j-\p k-ao]w s\-√n-hn-f-bn¬ s]-Æ-Ω(80)bp-sS ar-tZ-l-am-Wv ]p-gp-h-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ C-∂-se cm-hn-se I-s≠-Øn-bXv. a-t\m-ssh-I-ey-ap-≈ a-Iƒ eo-em-Ω-tbm-sSm-∏-amWv C-h¿ Xm-a-kn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. ar-X-tZ-l-Øn-\v A-©pZn-h-k-Øn-\p-ta¬ ]-g-°-ap-≠m-Ip-sa-∂v t]m-eo-kv ]d-™p. s]-Æ-Ω-bp-sS a-s‰m-cp a-I-fm-b a-dn-bm-Ω IpSp-_ ho-´n-te-°v h-cp-∂-Xn¬ eo-em-Ω hn-k-Ω-Xn-®ncp-∂-Xm-bn _-‘p-°ƒ ]-d-™p. A-Sp-Ø ho-´n¬ C∂-se eo-em-Ω sh-≈w F-Sp-°m≥ F-Øn-b-t∏mƒ A-Ω a-cn-®p t]m-sb-∂pw A-Xn-\m¬ X-\n-°v am-{X-ambn H-cp •m-kv sh-≈w a-Xn-sb-∂pw ]-d-™p. C-tXmsS-bm-Wv s]-Æ-Ω a-cn-® hn-h-cw \m-´p-Im¿ A-dn-bp-∂Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v a-cn-® hn-h-cw A-dn-™v ho-´n¬ F-Øn-bh¿-°p t\-sc {]-Xn-tj-[-kz-c-hp-am-bn eo-em-Ω cw-KØp h-∂-tXm-sS t]m-en--kv F-Øp-∂-Xp-h-sc ho-Sn-\p≈n¬ I-b-dm≥ a-‰m¿-°p-am-bn-√. c-≠p ap-dn-I-fp-≈ ho-Sn-s‚ X-d-bn-em-Wv ar-X-tZ-lw In-S-∂-Xv.

tem-dn Im-dn-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

lcn-∏m-Sv: Xr-°p-∂∏pf tXm-´∏-≈n tdm-Un¬ ]m\q¿ P-Mv-j-\n¬ tem-dn Im-dn-en-Sn®v bp-hm-hv a-cn®p. Xp-emw-]d-ºv hS-°v A-\pk-Z-\-Øn¬ tKm-]m-e-Irjv-W-∏-Wn-°-cp-sS a-I≥ A-\p (28) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C∂-se ssh-Io-´v G-tgmbm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-ISw. cmhn-se ho-´n¬ \n-∂v kn.kn-bp-sS ]-Ww A-S-bv°m-\m-bn C-d-ßn-b-Xm-bncp-∂p A\p. am-Xmhv: jmem-Ω (A-¶-W-hm-Sn Po-h\-°m-cn), k-tlm-Z-c߃: _n\p (hn-tZ-iw), A-RvPp.

I-¼n-th-en-bn \n-¶v tjm-t¡-äv ho-«-½ a-cn-¨p

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: I-√q¿ ]-®-fn-]p-d-Øv I-ºn-th-en-bn¬ \n-∂v tjm-t°-‰v ho-´-Ω a-cn-®p. `¿-Øm-hn-\pw t]-c°p-´n-°pw ]-cn-°v. ]-®-fn∏p-dw ssI-am-]-d-ºn¬ Ip-am-c-s‚ `m-cy Im¿-Xymb-\n-(52)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Ip-am-c-\pw a-I-fp-sS aI≥ `-hn-\-pw tjm-t°-‰n´p-≠v. C-∂-se ssh-Io´m-Wv k-w-`-hw. k-ao-]sØ ]-d-ºn¬ Im¿-jnIm-h-iy-Øn-\m-bn h-en® ssh-Zyp-Xn I-W-£s‚ C-cp-ºv t_m-Iv-kv sXm-´-Sp-Ø I-ºn th-en-bn-te°v sN-ºv I-ºn sIm-≠v h-en-®p sI-´n-bn-cp-∂p. C-Xph-gn ssh-Zyp-Xn {]-h-ln-®-Xm-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn-\v Im-cWw. a-°ƒ: _n-\o-jv, an-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: an-\n, _n-Pp.

s]m-Å-te-äv Nn-InÂ-k-bn-en-cp-¶ hr-² a-cn-¨p

N-h-d: s]m-≈-te-‰v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ hr-≤ acn-®p. N-h-d sN-dp-t»-cn `m-Kw Zo-]m-`-h-\n¬ Pm-\Ω(83)-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw cm-hn-se Ip-fnap-dn-bn¬ C-h-sc s]m-≈-te-‰ \n-e-bn¬ Im-W-s∏-SpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-S≥ X-s∂ Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-seØn-s®-¶n-epw a-cn-®p. N-h-d t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

]n©p-_m-enI ]-\n- _m-[n-¨v a-cn-¨p

h-≠n-Øm-h-fw: ]-\n-sb Xp-S¿-∂v A-Xym-k-∂ \ne-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ H-∂-chb- p-Im-cn a-cn-®p. Ir-jv-W³ ]-´-t©-cn am-tßm-Sv Im-™-ßm-Sv: dn-´. ]A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-s‚ a-Iƒ ©m-b-Øv Po-h-\-°mA¿-jn-X-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. c≥ tIm-´-t®-cn Ip-∂pam-Xm-hv: {]-Pn-X. k-tlmΩ¬ aq-f≥-ho-´n¬ Ir-jv- Z-c≥: A¿-j≥. W≥ (77). `m-cy: \m-cmb-Wn. a-°ƒ: cm-P≥, th-Wp (C-cp-h-cpw Kƒ-^v), kp[, kn-‘p (A-¶W-hmSn So-®¿, \n-´-Sp-°w), kp-\n¬, ]-tc-X-bm-b esIm-√w: {]-k-h-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v bp-h-Xn a-cn-®p. X. A-[n-Ir-X-cp-sS A-\m-ÿ-bm-Wv a-c-W-Im-c-Wa-cp-a-°ƒ: e-fn-X, tc-J, sa-∂m-tcm-]n-®v _-‘p-°ƒ B-ip-]-{Xn D-]-tcmIp-™n-cm-a≥, tam-l[n-®-Xv kw-L¿-j-Øn-\n-S-bm-°n. A-©¬ k¿\≥ (^n-j-do-kv a-t©°m¿ B-ip-]-{Xn-bnse Xm¬-°m-en-I \-gviz-cw), kp-Nn-{X. kmb C-S-bv-°n-Sw \-S-ta¬-ap-°v sX-t°-hn-f ho´n¬ k-Po-hn-s‚ `m-cy \b-\(22)bm-Wv acn-®-Xv. kw`- h - s Ø- ° p- d n®v t]m-en-kv ]-d-bp-∂-Xv: hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se \-b\-sb _-‘p-°ƒ Ip-≠d-bn-se F¬.Fw.F-kv. B- i p- ] - { Xn- b nseØn®p. cm-{Xn 10.30-Hm-sS s]¨-Ip-´n-°v P-∑w-\-¬-In. C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® tZ-h-In A-½ 1.30-Hm-sS c-‡-{km-h-hpw c-‡-k-Ω¿-±-hpw A-anI-√-d: Im-´p-]p-dw kp-[o X-am-sW∂v Bip-]{Xn A[n-Ir-X¿ Adn-bn-®k-Z-\-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tXmsS _-‘p-°ƒ \b-\sb ta-h-d-sØ kzin-h-i-¶-c-]n-≈-bp-sS `mIm-cy sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶ncy tZ-h-In A-Ω (72). aepw a-cn-°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p. °ƒ: kp-[o, Pn-jv-Wp-IpK¿-`-[m-c-Ww- ap-X¬ \-b-\-sb ip-{iq-jn-®am¿, P-b-{io, {io-P-b. aXv F¬.Fw.F-kv. B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-em-Wv. B-ipcp-a-°ƒ: {io-I-e, kn]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X-cp-sS A-\m-ÿbm-Wv a‘p, i-in-[-c≥ \m-b¿ cWØn-\n-S-bm°n-b-sX-∂m-tcm-]n-®v _-‘p-°(]-tc-X≥), tam-l-\≥ fpw \m-´p-Im-cpw C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11Hm-sS B-ip\m-b¿. ]-{Xn D-]-tcm-[n-®p. dq-d¬ Un-ssh.F-kv.]n. Fw sI kp¬-^n-°-dn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep≈ t]map-Ip-µ³ ]m-∏n-\n-t»-cn: ]m-∏n-\nen-kv _-‘p-°-fpw B-ip-]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X-cp-amt»-cn sh-Ãv I-cn-°≥-Ipbn \S-Ønb N¿®sb XpS¿∂mWv 12Hm-sS P\f-Øn-\p k-ao-]w sIm-S°q´w ]ncn-™p-t]m-bXv. em-{º-Øv ap-Ip-μ≥ (70). ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw sa-Un-°¬ `m-cy: {io-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: tIm-f-Pn¬ t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\m-bn sIm-≠pkn-Pn, {]n-b. k-tlm-Z-ct]m-bn. J-Ø-dn-ep≈ `¿-Øm-hv k-Po-hv C-∂v ߃: I-eym-Wn, _m\m-´n-se-Øn-b-ti-jw kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-°pw. Ipe≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-L≠-d t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp. h≥.

{]-k-h-ti-jw bp-h-Xn a-cn-¨p; B-ip-]-{Xn-bn kw-LÀ-jw

bp-h-Xn-sb sIme-s¸-Sp¯n Nm¡n sI«nb kw`hw; NnInÂk-bn-epÅ Im-ap-I³ \n-co-£-W-¯n ]m-e-°m-Sv: bph-Xnsb sImes∏-SpØn Ip-g¬-a-μ-Øn-\-SpØv Nn-X-en-bnse tdm-U-cn-In¬ Nm-°n¬-sI-´n-b \n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn-b kw-`-hØn¬ ImapI≥ t]menkv \nco-£WØn¬. Xr-iq¿ a-Æq-Øn ]q-®-´n kz-tZ-in A-\n¬-Ip-am¿ (35) BWv t]m-en-kv \n-co-£-WØn-ep-≈-Xv. C-bmƒ s\-©p-thZ-\-sb-Øp-S¿-∂v Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬k-bn-em-Wv. Xr-iq¿ a-Æq-Øn ]q-®-´n-bn¬ hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ Xm-akn-°p-∂ en-kn F-∂ ssj\n(50)bm-Wv sIm-√-s∏-´-Xv. kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v t]m-enkv ]-d-bp-∂-Xv: ap-ºv c-≠p hn-hm-

lw sNbvX en-kn- Ip-d-®p-\m-fmbn ]q-®-´n-bn-se hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ A-\n¬-Ip-am(35)dns\m-∏-am-Wv Xm-a-kn-®p-h-∂Xv. A-\n¬-Ipam-dm-Wv hm-S-I-ho-Sv F-Sp-Øp-\¬In-b-Xv. en-kn-bp-sS B-Zyhnhm-l-Øn-epw c-≠mw hn-hm-lØn-epw aq-∂p-Ip-´n-Iƒ ho-X-ap≠v. B-Zy`¿-Øm-hv a-cn®p. c≠mw `¿-Øm-hv D-t]-£n®pt]mbn. A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-\pw `m-cy-bpw Ip-´n-I-fp-ap-≠v. A-Sp-Ø Im-e-Øm-bn en-knbpw A-\n¬-Ip-am-dpw X-Ωn¬ ÿn-c-am-bn h-g-°p-≠m-Ip-am-bncp-∂p. en-kn-bp-sS c-≠mw hn-hml-Øn-se a-I-fm-b 17Im-cn-bpam-bn A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-\p-≈ _-

‘-sØ-s®m-√n-bm-bn-cp-∂p h-g°v. Xr-iq-cn-se kv-Iq-fn¬ π-kv Sp hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-b Cu Ip-´n en-kn-tbm-sSm-∏-am-Wv Xm-a-kn®n-cp-∂-Xv. I-gn-™ c-≠n\v h-g°p-≠m-Ip-I-bpw A-\nens‚ a¿±-\-ta‰v en-kn a-cn-°p-I-bpambn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿-∂v ar-X-tZ-lw Nm-°n-em-°n Ip-g¬-a-μw Nn-Xen-bn¬ D-t]-£n-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw Nm-°n-em-°m≥ a-‰p-≈-h-cp-sS k-lm-bw e-`n-®n-´p-t≠m F-∂v A-t\z-jn-®p-h-cpI-bm-sW-∂v Ip-g¬-a-μw F-kv.sF sI Pn cho-{μ≥ ]-d-™p. A-\n¬-Ip-amdn-s\- tNm-Zyw sN-bv-Xm-te Iq-SpX¬ hn-h-c-߃ e-`y-am-Iq. ar-XtZ-lw I-S-Øm≥ D-]-tbm-Kn-s®-

∂p I-cp-Xp-∂ A-\n¬-Ip-am-dns‚ \m-t\m Im¿ hn-øq¿ t]menkv I-Ã-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øp-. s]¨-Ip-´nbpsS samgn-bnemWv A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-s‚ ]-¶v sh-fn-s∏-´-Xv. kw-`-h-k-a-b-Øv Ip-´n kv-Iq-fn¬ t]m-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ Ip-´n-bp-sS sam-gn-I-fnse ssh-cp-[yw t]m-en-kn-s\ Ip-g-°p-∂p-≠v. t]m-en-kv A-t\z-jn-°p-∂Xm-bn t_m-[y-s∏-´ A-\n¬-Ipam-¿ C-∂-se s\-©p-th-Z-\-sbØp-S¿-∂v Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ A-Uv-an-‰m-bn´p-≠v. H-√q¿, hn-øq¿, Ip-g¬-a-μw t]m-en-kv kw-bp-‡-am-bm-Wv tI-kv A-t\z-jn-°p-∂-Xv.

ar-X-fXn-∏-t-dZ--ºlv:wap-Xn-tØ-cn-S¨-Ø-dn-v ª p ssl-kv-

Iq-fn-\v kao]-sØ sI-´n-SØ - n-¬ I-gn-™Zn-h-kw I-s≠-Øn-b arX-tZ-lw Xncn-®d - n-™p. h-fs - s° A-Sn-®n-°m-a-e-bn-se \m-cm-bW\mWv acn-®Xv. \n-ch - [ - n tam-jW-t°-kp-I-fn-se {]-Xn-bmWnbmsf∂v t]menkv ]d™p. A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv. I-Æq¿ k_v P-bn-en-¬ \n∂v tamNn-X\ - m-b tijw X-fn-∏d - º - n¬ ]-gb - km-[\-߃ s]-dp-°n -hn-‰m-Wv Po-hn®n-cp-∂X - v. ar-Xt- Z-lw G-s‰-Sp-°m≥ _‘p-°ƒ X-øm-dm-bn-´n-√.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn sN-dp-]p-g: Xn-cp-ta-\n {]m-s∏mbn-en-se ]n hn Ip-™n-cma(55)s\-bm-Wv C-∂-se ]p-e¿s® ho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn. . s]-cn-tßmw t]m-en-kv ar-X-tZ-lw C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn. `m-cy: h¬-k-e. a-°ƒ: ku-ay, c-Pn-X.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode m/l

7 Pq¨ 2014 i\n

ss_-¡v tem-dn-bn-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv- a-cn-¨p- ap-l-½-Zv ap-kv-eymÀ-

th-em-bp-[³

im-´ -

A-_q-_-¡À -

Ip-ªm-hp -

sam-bv-Xo³ -

ap-−n -

_o-hn

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: sN-dp-ap-°v a-l-√v J-Øo-_v Xn-embn¬ _o-cm≥ ap-kv-eymcp-sS a-I-\pw Im-c-¥q¿ kp-∂n a¿-I-kv ap-X-Δ¬ ss^-\¬ hn-Zym¿-Yn-bpam-b ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-eym¿ (26).- c-‡m¿-_p-ZsØ XpS¿∂v Nn-In-¬k-bn-embn-cp-∂p.- F-kv-.F-kv-.F^v Su¨ I-Ωn-‰n {]-knU‚pw Ip-≠q¿ sk-Iv-S¿ F-Iv-kn-Iyq-´o-hv Aw-Khp-am-bn-cp-∂p.- am-Xm-hv: J-Zo-P. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-_v-Zp-¿d-lvam≥, C-kvam-Cu¬, A-_v-Zp-∂mk¿ k-Jm-^n, A-iv-d-^v ap-kv-eym¿, kp-ssl¬ ap-kv-eym¿, dw-e, D-Ωpl_o-_.-

C-cn-ºn-fn-bw: a-t¶-cn tNm-te-°m-hn¬ th-embp-[≥ (85). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b tZ-hI - n. a-°ƒ: i¶-c≥-Ip-´n, in-h≥, Ir-jvW≥, ]-dt- ßm-S≥, cmP≥, _m-_p, Ip-™ptamƒ, X-¶Ω - p, {io-P. a-cpa-°ƒ: hn-em-kn-\n, hn-Pb, kp-Pm-X, e-X, ]p-jv] - , kp-[, jm-Pn, ]-tc-X\ - m-b Ip-™≥.

s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: s]m∂ym-Ip¿-»n Zp-_m-bn-∏Sn ]-tc-X-\m-b s]-cp-ºp≈n ap-Ip-μ-s‚ `m-cy im¥ (57). -a-°ƒ: kn-‘p, h-μ-\, k-‘y, kz-]v-\, jn-Pn≥. -a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-WnI-WvT≥, cm-a≥-Ip-´n, tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W-≥. -ktlm-Z-c-ß-ƒ: th-em-bp[≥, k-tcm-Pn-\n, D-ÆnIr-jv-W≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b kp-`-{Z.

ap-´-∂q¿: ]-tc-X-\m-b Sn C _m-h-bp-sS a-I≥ A-_q-_-°¿ (Ip-™ntam≥-˛58). `m-cy: d-ko\. a-°ƒ: d-^o-Jv (Zp_-bv), d-lo-\, dw-jo-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^n-tdm-kv, Pm-^¿ (Zp-_-bv), Bkn-b. J-_-d-S-°w C∂p cm-hn-se 10\v ap-´∂q¿ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

A-bn-cq¿: A-bn-cq¿ a-Zv-dk-bv°v k-ao-]w tXm-´p]p-d-Øv Ip-™m-hp (Ip™n-tam≥-˛55). `m-cy: Ip™n-tamƒ. a-°ƒ: jmPn, kn-≤o-Jv, d-^o-Jv (Ccp-h-cpw ku-Zn), k-Pm-Pv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-kv-a-Øv, B-bn-i, j-\o-d. J-_-d-S°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 11\v A-bn-cq¿ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: I-°qØv ]p-en-ap-J-sØm-Sn sam-bv-Xo≥ (87). `m-cy: Xm-®p. a-°ƒ: Ip-™-lΩ-Zv, lw-k, A-_q-_-°¿, D-kv-am≥ (ku-Zn), a-dnb, jw-kp, dw-e. a-cp-a°ƒ: P-ao-e, dw-e, a-dn-b, k¬-a-Øv, A-e-hn, d-Po\, D-Ω-¿. k-tlm-Z-c߃: lw-k-lm-Pn, ssk-Xm-en

c-≠-Øm-Wn: N-¥-∏-dºv I-S-t°m-´v Im-´n¬ ap≠n (60). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b Im-cn-°p-´n. a°ƒ: N-{μ≥, Ir-jv-W≥, in-h-Zm-k≥, {]-Im-i≥, {]-Xn-`, {]-Zo-]v. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-Ωn-Wn, ]-tc-Xbm-b \n-j, jo-P, k-Xojv.

a-d-h-t©-cn: s]m-‰-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zns‚ `m-cy _o-hn (75). a°ƒ: ^m-Xzn-a, k-^n-b, B-bn-i, ap-kv-X-^, B-an\, kp-sse-J. a-cp-a°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn, lwk, Jm-Z¿, K-^q¿, A-iv-d^v, B-bn-j, ap-_o-\.

sIm-«³ -

Ir-jv-W³

aq-k-¡p-ªn-ap-{In

Kw-Km-[-c³

Jm-ZÀ

Im-™-ßm-Sv: dn-´. ]©m-b-Øv Po-h-\-°mc≥ tIm-´-t®-cn Ip-∂pΩ¬ aq-f≥-ho-´n¬ Irjv-W≥ (77). `m-cy: \mcm-b-Wn. a-°ƒ: cmP≥, th-Wp (C-cp-hcpw Kƒ-^v), kp-[, kn‘p (A-¶W-hm-Sn So®¿, \n-´-Sp-°w), kp\n¬, ]-tc-X-bm-b eX. a-cp-a-°ƒ: e-fn-X, tc-J, Ip-™n-cm-a≥, tam-l-\≥ (^n-j-do-kv a-t©-iz-cw), kp-Nn-{X. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ao-\m£n, Pm-\p, ]-tc-X-\mb A-ºp.

s]-cn-ß-Øq¿: In-S™n-bn-se a-S-h≥ Ip∂p-Ω¬ Kw-Km-[-c≥ (57). `m-cy: hn-im-em-£n. a°ƒ: an-\n, jn-Pn, jn\n, jnw-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-te-jv, tkmw-Pn-Øv, {]-ho¨, kp-\n¬Ipam¿. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-amc≥, cm-tP-{μ≥.

C-cn-´n: hn-ft- °m-s´ Imcy-Øv Jm-Z¿ (60). `m-cy: ]n sI \-_o-kp. a-°ƒ: \n-km¿, km-Pn¿ (C-cp-hc - pw a-°), dn-bmkv (Kƒ-^v), P-eo¬, \hm-kv. J-_d - S- ° - w C-∂p cm-hn-se 11\v hn-ft- °m-Sv Pp-am a-kvP - n-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

C-cn-´n: Io-gv-∏-≈n-bn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-dp-tImSp-°-c Nm-Øp-hn-s‚ `mcy am-[-hn (90). a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-Wn, Ip-™n-cma≥, cm-P≥, im-¥, NmØp, tKm-hn-μ≥, Im¿Xym-b-\n, tam-l-\≥, Pm-\-In.

cm-a³

]-ø∂ - q¿: sh-≈q¿ ]-gb-sX-cp-hn-se F hn cma≥ (87). `-mc - y: ]-tc-Xb - m-b sI hn \m-cm-bW - n. a-°ƒ: Ir-jvW - ≥ (dn-´. sk-{I-´dn ]-ø∂ - q¿ ho-th-gvk - v skm-ssk-‰n), ]-tc-Xb - mB-bn-ip-½- l-Öp-½ b Kn-cn-P. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ]pXn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: sX-∂-e jv] - e - X - (A-[ym-]n-I), I-dp-Øm¬ h-S-°-bn¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b I-Æ≥. k_m-∏p lm-Pn-bp-sS `m- ≥: \m-cm-bW - ≥ cy B-bn-ip-Ω l-÷p-Ω tlm-Zc sh-≈q¿. (78). a-I≥: B-en_m-h. a-cpam-X a-Iƒ: dp-Jn-b. J-_-d-S- ∂ - q¿-: tIm-tøm-´p°w C-∂v sX-∂-e A-∏n- F-Sb aq-eb - n-se sI hn- am-X b-Øv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J(75). `¿-Øm-hv:- Ip-am-c≥._¿-ÿm-\n¬.

sam-{Km¬: P-\-Xm-Zƒ F-kv Pn-√m ko-\n-b¿ ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v Sn aq-k-°p-™n ap-{In (80). 16 h¿-j-tØm-fw ao-© ]-©m-b-Øv Aw-K-am-bncp-∂p. `m-cy: _o-^mØn-a. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ l-ao-Zv, A-l-a-Zv _jo¿, J-Zo-P, B-bn-i. acp-a-°ƒ: l-\o-^v, Pm^¿. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: apl-Ω-Zv au-e-hn, A–p¬-Jm-Z¿, J-Zo-Pp-Ω, _o-^m-Øn-a, \-^o-k, B-bn-kp-Ω.

I-a-e-½ sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: ]p-fn-amØv hn-P-bm a≥-kn-en¬ kp-Ip-am-c-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy I-a-e-Ω (76).

ap-Ip-µ³ ]m-∏n-\n-t»-cn: ]m-∏n-\nt»-cn sh-Ãv I-cn-°≥Ip-f-Øn-\p k-ao-]w sIm-S-em-{º-Øv ap-Ipμ≥ (70). `m-cy: {io-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: kn-Pn, {]n-b.

F-Sb - ∂ - q¿-: a-cΩ - p-dn-b≥Nm-tØm-Øv- sIm-´≥(78). `m-cy-: sI Im¿-Xym-b\ - n.a-°ƒ-: cm-P≥,- A-\o-jv,Ip-sshØv),- {]-Im-i≥.a-cp-a° - ƒ-: Ko-X,- k-\nj,- Pn≥-j.- k-tlm-Zc - ߃-: tcm-ln-Wn,- tZ-hIn,- {io-[c - ≥,- Pm-\I - n,- ]tc-X\ - m-b B-≠n.-

am-[-hn

AÐp-Â A-kokv

F-S-°mSv: \-Sm¬ B-dpI-≠n-bn¬ A-–p¬ Asam-b-X v p lm-Pn ko-kv (48). am-Xm-hv: ]s]-cn-ßØ - q¿: In-S™ n- tc-X-bm-b _-Ø-bn¬ bn-se Xo-øØ - v I-Sh - Ø - v ssk-\-_. k-tlm-Z-csam-bX v- p lm-Pn (72). `m- ߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-™n, cy: A-bn-jp. a-°ƒ: lm- dw-e. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cn-kv (_-ld v- b - v≥), P-aocm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v ]p-Xne. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ap-lΩ - Z- v, bm-≠n ]-≈n J-_¿j-_m-\. ÿm-\n¬.

tem-dn kvIq«dn-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

ap-l-½-Z-en- lm-Pn- -

ap-l-½-Zv d-^o-Jv

`mÀ-K-hn

Pm-en-k

Ip-ªn

tIm-bm-en-¡p-«n

s]m-∑-f: ]u-c-{]-ap-J\pw a-l-√v sk-{I-´-dn-bpam-b sI Sn ap-l-Ω-Z-en lm-Pn (60). ]n-Xm-hv: ]tc-X-\m-b aq-k- lm-Pn. `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: apkv-X-^, l-ko-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-ko-kv, dm-jn-Z.

D-Wym¬: ]-©m-c-aq-ebn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b ssIX-h-f-∏n¬ sk-bv-Xm-en°p-´n-bp-sS a-I≥ ap-lΩ-Zv d-^o-Jv (42). `m-cy: dm-_n-b. a-°ƒ: B-jn-Jv, ^-k¬, X≥km¿.

]-´n-°m-Sv: I-cp-h-ºm-d ]q-f-°¬ Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy `m¿-K-hn (72). a°ƒ: b-tim-Z, tam-l\≥ (Z-Ωmw), kp-tc-jv.a -cp-a-°ƒ: ]n F≥ F hnP-b≥, ]p-jv-]-e-X, tZhn.

cm-a-]p-cw: th-cpw-]p-em°¬ ]-≈n-bm-en¬ A_q-_-°¿ lm-Pn-bp-sS a-Iƒ Pm-en-k (34). amXm-hv: l-ΔmD-Ω. ktlm-Z-c-߃: dm-Xn-l, P-\-cn-ø, k-\n-ø, K^q¿.

th-ß-c: Ip-‰q¿ t\m¿Øv A-co-°m-´v ]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™m-K≥Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy Ip-™n (84). a-°ƒ: \o-e-IWvT≥, Ip-Ωp-Wn, ]-tcX-\m-b Ip-™m-K≥. a-cpa-°ƒ: k-tcm-Pn-\n, e£v-an.

]p-fn-°¬: B-¥n-bq¿Ip-∂v ]-Xn-b-]-d-º-Øv tIm-bm-en-°p-´n (88). a-°ƒ: kp-sse-J, kplv-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ju°-Ø-en, A-_p- lmPn.

_-Ên-Sn-¨v \m-ep-h-b-Êp-Im-cn- a-cn-¨p ]p¬-∏-≈n: s]-cn-°-√q¿ K-h. kv-Iq-fn-\v k-ao-]-w _- n-Sn-®v \m-ep-hb -   - p-Im-cn- a-cn-®p. ]p¬-∏≈ - n ap≈≥-sIm-√n 53 I-h-e hm-c-I-bn¬ k-Pn˛jo\ Zº-Xn-I-fpsS aIfpw ]p¬-∏-≈n sk‚ v ta-co-kv Cw-•ojv ao-Un-bw kvI - q-fn-se F¬.sI.Pn hn-Zym¿-Yn\n-bp-amb tKmƒ-U kPn-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. kvIqƒhn-´v _- n-dß - n ktlm-Zc - n-tbm-sSm-∏w tdm-Uv ap-dn-®p-IS- ° - p-∂X - n-\nsS s]-cn-°-√q-cn¬ \n-∂p ]p¬-∏-≈n-bn-te-°p t]m-hp-Ibm-bn-cp∂ _-kv C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ho-Sp]-Wn \-S° - p-∂X - n-\m¬ k-Pn-bp-sS k-tlm-Zcn-bp-sS ho-´n¬ Xm-ak - n-®p-]T - n-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw C≥-Iz-Ãv \-S-Øn t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´Øn-\-b-®p. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v a-c-°-S-hv sk‚ vtPm-k^ - v ]-≈n- sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. k-tlm-Zc - n: •mUvh - n≥ F-en-k_ - Ø - v.

ss_-¡n _-Ên-Sn-¨v bphm-hv a-cn-¨p tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: A-an-Xth-

Pm-\p

]m-¯p-½

Ip-ª-Ðp-Ã

Ip-‰ym-Sn: h-t´m-fn-bn-se ]tc-X-\m-b sh-fp-Ø-]-d-ºØv Ip-™n-cm-a-s‚ `m-cy ]nem-tØm-´-Øn¬ Pm-\p (94). a-°ƒ: b-Xo-{μ≥, kp-tc{μ≥, i-io-{μ≥ (dn-´. F≥Pn-\o-b¿), ]o-Xmw-_-c≥, Kn-cn-P, C-μn-c, c-Rv-Pn-X, Pb-{io. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]-Im-iv_m-_p, Ir-jv-W-Zm-kv, i-¶c≥, e-X, tim-`, tim-`, ]tc-X-\m-b {io-\n-hm-k≥.

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: ]-tc-X-\mb ap-A-±n≥ A-–p-¿dlvam-s‚ `m-cy ]m-ØpΩ. a-°ƒ: aq-k, A-kokv, a-Po-Zv, P-∫m¿, \-^ok, J-Zo-P, B-an-\, ssk-\-_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_q-_-°¿, A-–p-¿dlvam≥-ko-Zn, A-_p (_lv-dbv≥), ^m-Øn-a, ku-Z, B-_n-Z, ]-tc-X\m-b ssk-Zv.

h-S-I-c: Im¿-Øn-I-∏f-fn sXm-≠-º-d-Øv ]d-º-Øv Ip-™-–p-√ (75). `m-cy: Ip-™m-bni. a-°ƒ: kp-sseam≥, P-am¬, km-Pn-X, d-kn-b, k-ao-d, ku-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-ss_-Z, dp-Jv-km-\, A-Ω-Zv, aPo-Zv, A-–p-¿d-lvam≥, d-^o-Jv.

ss_-¡n-Sn-¨v ]-{X GPâv a-cn-¨p

sN-dp-]p-g: ]-{Xhn-X-c-WØn-\n-sS G-P‚ v ss_°n-Sn-®v a-cn-®p. tI-cf - Iuap-Zn ^v-fm-jv G-P‚m-b tIm-ep-h-≈n-bn-se B-eh-f-∏n¬ _m-e≥ (74) BWv a-cn-®X - v. C-∂s - e sshIo-´v aq-t∂m-sS hm-g° - p-≠Øm-Wv A]-ISw. sN-dp-]p-gb - n-se kz-Imcy B-ip-]{- Xn-bn¬ {]m-Ya - n-I ip-{iq-j \¬-In- ]-cnbm-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fP - n¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n°m-\m-bn-√. `m-cy: X-ºm-bn. a-I≥: kp-\n¬. a-cp-aIƒ: kp-Pn-e.

tem-dn ss_-¡n-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

kp-≈y: sF-h¿-\m-Sv kz-tZ-in kp-≈y A-kw-ªn afi-ew P-\-Xm-Zƒ (F-kv) {]-kn-U‚ v N-{μtImƒ°-dn-s‚ a-I\mb P-K-Zv tImƒ-°¿ (26) hml-\m-]I-S-Øn¬ acn®p. I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn ]-tØm-sS k-I-te-jv-]p-c-bn-¬ tem-dn ss_-°n-en-Sn-®mWv A]-I-Sw. cm-{Xn `-£-Ww I-gn-°m≥ tlm-´-en-te-°v ss_-°n¬ bm-{XsN-øsh F-Xn-tc h-∂ -tem-dn CSn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. sX-dn-®v ho-W -P-K-Zn-\v ta¬ AtX tem-dn- I-b-dn X¬£Ww acn°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p. k-I-te-jv ]p-c-bn-se C‚o-cn-b¿ h¿-°v Po-h-\-°mc-\m-bn-cp-∂p P-K-Zv.

Zp-_-bnÂ- \ncym-X-\mbn

a-t©-iz-cw: slm-k-¶-Sn kz-tZ-in A-kp-J-sØ XpS-¿-∂v Zp-_-bn¬ a-cn-®p. aq-Sw-_-b-en-se _m-_p-˛-kpio-e Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ P-bm-\-μ(42)\m-Wv a-cn-®Xv. Zp-_-bv I-dm-a-bn-se I-º-\n-bn¬ 19 h¿-jam-bn tPm-ensN-øp∂ Pbm-\μ - \v I-gn-™ 25\m-Wv A-kpJw _m-[n-®X - v. `m-cy: h-μ\ - . a-Iƒ: ssh-jvW - h - n.

\-ko-a

ssa-ap

A-Pn-X

h-S-I-c: Xm-sg A-ßm-Snbn-se -\-ko-l a≥-knen¬ \-ko-a (44). `¿Øm-hv: B-en-°m-s‚hn-S l-k≥ lm-Pn (_-lvdbv≥). a-°ƒ: \-ko-l, a-Jv-_q¬, \-hm-^v- (F-dWm-Ip-fw), \-^-ep (jm¿-P). acp-a-I≥: a-Jv_q¬.

]-tøm-fn: ]p-Xp-∏-Ww ]-tcX-\m-b am-Wn-tbm-Øv a-ΩZn-s‚ `m-cy ssa-ap (68). a°ƒ: l-ao-Zv, A-k-bv\m¿, sam-bv-Xp, \-ko¿, dn-bm-kv (aq-h-cpw a-kv-I-Øv), B-bni, k-ao-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kØm¿ (sI.B¿.F-kv tImgn-t°m-Sv), lm-P-d, A-kv-a, B-cn-^, k-Pv-\, j-^o-\, ]-tc-X-\m-b a-Po-Zv.

]-tøm-fn: C-cn-߬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]-Sn-°¬ \mWp-hn-s‚ `m-cy A-Pn-X (48). ]-©m-b-Øv Ip-Spw-_{io kn.Un.F-kv AwKam-Wv. a-°ƒ: ARv-P-\, A¿-Pp≥. ktlm-Z-c-߃: N-{μ≥, hna-e, t_-_n, ko-\.

\m-cm-b-W³

ap-l-½-Zv

C-¼n-¨n- sam-bv-Xn

Im-cm-Sv: ]p-∂-Øv A-\bw-sØm-Sn \m-cm-b-W≥ (70). `m-cy: t_-_n. a°ƒ: cm-Pp (C-¥y≥B¿-an), jo-P. a-cp-a°ƒ: K-tW-j≥, Pn-j. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse F-´n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: A-cßm-S-Øv ]m-c-ssUkn¬ sI ap-l-Ω-Zv (65). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: kp-sse-J, kp-\q-]v, sse-e. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: kp¬-^n-°¿, A-^vk¬.

t]-cm-{º: hm-fq-cn-se ]p-‰m-´p-]o-Sn-I-bn¬ Cºn-®n- sam-bv-Xn (77). `mcy: A-eo-a. a-°ƒ: ^m-Øn-a, \-^ok, A-–p-¿d-lv-am≥. acp-a-°ƒ: D-kv-am≥ aue-hn, \-ko-a.

_n D-®n-Ir-jv-W-sâ Nn-{X-§Ä-¡p-f-f hn-e-¡v ]n³-h-en-¡-W-sa-¶-`yÀ-Yn-¨v s^-^v-I I-¯-b-¨p sIm-®n: kw-hn-[m-b-I-\pw s^^v-I P-\¬ sk-{I-´-dn-bp-am-b _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-s‚ Nn-{X߃ {]-Z¿-in-∏n-°p-∂-Xv hn-e°n-b \-S-]-Sn ]n≥-h-en-°-Wsa-∂-`y¿-Yn-®v F-Iv-kn-_n-t‰-gvkv s^-U-td-j-\v s^-^v-I IØ-b-®p. sa-bv 13\v sIm-®n-bn¬ tN¿∂ F-Iv-kn-_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-Utd-j≥ P-\-d¬ t_m-Un tbm-Kam-Wv _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-s‚ Nn{X-߃ {]-Z¿-in-∏n-t°-≠-Xns√-∂v Xo-cp-am-\n-®-Xv. F-Iv-kn_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-U-td-j≥ Hm-^nkn-s‚ D-Zv-Lm-S-\-®-S-ßn¬\n∂v Xm-c-kw-L-S-\-bpw \n¿-amXm-°-fpw hn-´p-\n-∂-Xv _n DÆn-Ir-jv-Ws‚ \n¿-tZ-i-{]-Imc-am-sW-∂ B-tcm-]-W-Øn-

h-S-I-c: tZ-io-b-]m-Xbn¬ tNm-tdm-Sv- ta¬∏m-eØn-\p k-ao-]w tem-dn kvIq-´-dn-en-Sn-®v- bp-hm-hv- a-cn®p. H-cmƒ-°p Kp-cp-X-c-ambn ]-cn-t°-‰p. ss_-°n-\v ]n∂n¬ bm-{XsN-bv-X tNm-tdm-Sv- Xq-am-S-Øv- Xm-g°p-\n kn -hn lu-kn¬ A-kve-am-Wv- (18) a-cn-®-Xv-. ss_-t°m-Sn-® a-ø-∂q-cn-se A-bq-_n-s\ (18) ]-cn°p-I-tfm-sS tIm-gn-t°m-Sv- t_-_n sa-tΩm-dn-b¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. sh-≈n-bm-gv-N D®bv°v c-≠-ctbm-sS-bm-Wv A-]I-Sw. X-e-t»-cn `m-K-Øv \n-∂p h-∂ tem-dn ss_-°n\v ]n∂nen-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-kvew A-]-I-S ÿ-e-ØpX-s∂ a-cn-®p. C-{_m-bn-˛tkm-^n-b Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-I-\m-Wv-. k-tlm-Z-c-ß-ƒ: ku-Z-Øv-, dqJn-b, k-Po-d, k-^-dp-∂o-k. arX-tZlw h-S-I-c Pn√m B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn¬.

s‚ Xp-S¿-®-bm-bn-´m-bn-cp-∂p \S-]-Sn. {]-iv-\-Øn¬ N¿-®bv-°ns√-∂v B-h¿-Øn-®p]-d-bp-Ibpw kmw-kv-Im-cn-I Iq-´m-bv-a kw-L-Sn-∏n-°p-sa-∂v {]-Jym-]n°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X s^-^v-I, \ne-]m-Sv am-‰n k-a-hm-b-Øn-\v {iaw Xp-S-ßn-b-Xn-s‚ `m-K-am-bmWv I-Ø-b-®-sX-∂m-Wv hn-hcw. B-tcm-]-Ww A-Sn-ÿm-\-cln-X-am-sW-∂pw A-`n-{]m-b kw-L-´-\w A-\m-h-iy-am-sW∂pw hy-‡-am-°n {]-kn-U‚ v kn-_n a-e-bn-em-Wv s^-U-tdj-\v I-Ø-b-®-Xv. kw-L-S-\bvs°-Xn-cm-b B-kq-{Xn-X \o-°am-Wv hn-hm-Z-߃. N-e-®n-{X sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS tZ-io-b t\Xm-hp-Iq-Sn-bm-b _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-

W-s\ hn-e-°n-b Xo-cp-am-\w ]n≥-h-en-°-W-sa-∂v I-Øn¬ A-`y¿-Yn-°p-∂p. A-tX-k-a-bw, hn-e-°n-s\Xntc {]-Jym-]n-® {]-Xn-tj-[ Iq-´m-bv-a s^-^v-I am-‰n-h-®-Xv HØp-Xo¿-∏pkm-[y-X ]-cn-K-Wn®m-sW-∂m-Wv kq-N-\. I- s Ø- g p- X n- b - X p- s Im- ≠ v Xo-cp-∂-X-√ {]iv\-sa∂v F-Ivkn-_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-U-td-j≥ {]kn-U‚ v en-_¿-´n _-jo¿ ]-d™p. D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-\pw kn-_n a-e-bn-ep-a-S-°-ap-≈-h¿ B-Zyw s^-U-td-js‚ Hm-^n-kn-seØp-I-bm-Wv th-≠-Xv. ti-jw N¿-®-bn¬ Xo-cp-am-\-am-bm¬ am-{X-ta hn-e-°v ]n≥-h-en-°p∂-Xv ]-cn-K-Wn-°q-sh-∂pw _jo¿ ]-d-™p.

KØn-se-Øn-b _-kv ss_-°n-en-Sn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fA-Ðp e-¯o-^v Pn-\v k-ao-]w am-b-\m-Sv Hh-S-I-c: A-gn-Ø-e kn gp-°-c-bn-ep-≠m-b A-]-Ihn A-–p¬ e-Øo-^v S-Øn¬ Hm-a-t»-cn sh-Ãv (64). ap-kvenw eo-Kv imJm ssh-kv {]-kn-U-‚m- sh-Æ-t°m-Sv ssI-tø-enWv. `m-cy-am¿: ]-tc-X-bm- ap-°v tIm-´p-]-‰ ap-l-Ω-Znb Ju-e-Øv, ^m-Øn-a. a- s‚ a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv jm-^n(23)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. °ƒ: j-ao-\, j^o-\, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv \n-∂p \m-´n-te-°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bnA-–p¬ k-a-Zv, k-l-e. cp-∂ ap-l-Ω-Zv jm-^n-bpw kp-lr-Øpw k-©-cn-® a-cp-a-I≥: km-Pn-Zv (Ipssh-Øv). k-tlm-Z-css_-°n-s\ A-an-Xth-KØn¬ h∂ _-kv C-Sn߃: ssk-\-_, P-ao-e, ®psX-dn-∏n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. I-b-‰w I-b-dp-∂-Xn-\na-Po-Zv, A-Iv-_¿. sS a-s‰m-cp hm-l-\-sØ a-dn-I-S-°p-tºm-gm-Wv A-]I-S-ap-≠m-b-Xv. ssh-Io-´v 3.30 Hm-sS-bp-≠m-b A-]-IS-Øn¬ Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰- jm-^n-sb sa-Un°-¬ tIm-f-Pv Bip]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶nepw cm{Xn F´p aWntbm-sS- a-cn-®-p. Iq-sS bm-{XsN-bv-X ap\o¿ ]-cn-t°¬-°m-sX c-£-s∏-´p. A-]-I-Sw h-cp-Øn-b kp-l Uo-e-Iv-kv _-kv \n¿Øm-sX t]m-b-Xm-bpw ]-cm-Xn-bp-≠v. {Sm-^n-Iv s]men-kn¬ Io-g-S-ßn-b ss{U-h¿-s°-Xn-tc tI-sk-SpØp-. ap-l-Ω-Zv jm-^n-bp-sS am-Xm-hv. dw-e-. k-tlm-Zc-߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv j-^o-Jv, ap-l-Ω-Zv \n-Pm-Zv, P-ko-e. sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv tam¿-®-dn-bn¬ kq-£n-®n-cn-°psam-b-vXo³ ]-tøm-fn: ]-gb - I - m-e eo-Kv ∂ a-øn-Øv t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw J-_-d-S{]-h¿-ØI - ≥ Io-gq¿ Np-¶- °pw. ∏-dº - n¬ sam-bvX - o≥ (95). `m-cy: ao-dß - m-Sn Ip-™man. a-°ƒ: A-–p-√, e-Øo- ^-tdm-°v: I-cp-h≥-Xn-cp^v (ap-kve - nw- eo-Kv Io-gq¿ Øn dq-_n tdm-Un¬ t{Kim-Jm P-\. sk-{I-´d - n), kv `-h-\n¬ Xm-a-kn-°pB-bn-i, \u-^¬. a-cp-a∂ N-ß-\m-t»-cn a-Xn-®n °-ƒ: K-^q¿, \-^o-k, ]-d-ºn¬ tPm-_v (78) ^m-Øn-a, k-do-\. s{Sbn≥ X´n a-cn-®p. tIma¨-sh¬-Øv Hm-´p-I-º\n-bn-se sXm-gn-em-fn-bmbn-cp-∂p. ]m-fw ap-dn-®p-I-S°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS I-Æqcn¬ \n-∂v F-d-Wm-Ip-f-tØ-°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ C‚¿-kn-‰n F-I-kv-{]- m-Wv C-Sn-®-Xv. C-∂-se sshIo-´v \m-tem-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b s{K-bv-kv C-hm≥-©n-en≥. a°ƒ: kp-\n¬-tPm-_v (km-aq-ln-I\o-Xn h-Ip-∏v, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), Fw sP A-\n¬ (sI.-F-kv.B¿.-Sn.a-½p kn. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), a-cp-a-°ƒ: Pp-_n-e kp-\n¬ ^-tdm-°v: I-W-°-∏n(_n.-C.-Fw. F-®v.-F-kv.-F-kv, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), en-Pn ≈‚-I-Øv a-Ωp (76). A-\n¬ (tImw-{S-Ãv I-Æm-ip-]-{Xn, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), `m-cy: a-dn-bw. a-°ƒ: k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tPm-k-^v, A-∂-Ω, tPm¿-Pv, tP-°kn¬-lm-Zv, sj-lv-km_v, ]-tc-X-cm-b am-Xyp, t{X-kym-Ω {^m≥-kn-kv, a-dnZv, _n-\m-kn-d. bm-Ω, Ip-´n-b-Ω, B‚-Wn, tZ-h-ky, F-en-bm-Ω Aa-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p-∂mK-Ãn≥, ¢m-c-Ω Nm-t°m, {_n-Pn-‰m-Ω tPm-k-^v. kwk¿ (Pn-±), \-ko-d, ^kv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v aq∂n-\v ^-tdm-°v kn.-F-kv.co-Z. sF. sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬

s{Sbn³ X«n acn¨p

tN-fm-cn: Nm-‰¬-a-g-bn¬sX-∂n-b ss_-°v an-\ntem-dn-bn-en-Sn-®v bp-hm-hv- acn-®p. Im-en-°-‰v- k¿-h-Iem-im-em A-d-_n-Iv- hn-`mKw ta-[m-hn tUm. F≥ F Fw A-_v-Zp¬ -Jm-Z-dn-s‚ G-I-a-I≥ d-Pm- P-hm-Zv (23) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂se ssh-Io-´v B--tdm-sS tZio-b-]m-X sIm-f-∏p-d-Øm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. th-ß-c ]-d-∏q-cn-se kz-Im-cy- ÿm-]-\-Øn¬ Xm¬-°m-en-I- A-°u-≠‚m-bncp-∂ PhmZv tPm-enÿ-e-Øp-\n-∂p a-S-ß-sh-bm-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn¬-s∏´-Xv. Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn kz-Im-cy-B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw ]n-∂oSv tIm-´-°¬ A¬-am-kv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw F-Øns®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. D-]-cn-]T-\-Øn-\p-≈ X-bm-sd-Sp-∏n-em-bn-cp-∂p. aønØv C-∂v D®-°v H-t∂m-sS ]m-W-{º Pp-ap-AØv-]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ a-d-hpsN-øpw. am-Xm-hv: ssd-lm-\. k-tlm-Z-cn-am¿: jm-Zn-b, kn¬-an-b.-

an-\n-tem-dnbnSn¨v ss_¡v bm{Xn-I³ a-cn-¨p -

h-≠q¿: kw-ÿm-\]m-Xbnse t]m-cq¿ ]p-fn-bt°m-´v an-\n-tem-dnbnSn®v ss_°v bm{Xn-I≥ acn®p. hm-Wn-b-º-ew ]q-®s∏m-bn-¬ sI.-sI.-F-kv ^n-jv-lm-®-dn-bn-se ]pØ≥-Ip-f-Øn¬ P-am-ens‚ a-I≥ Pw-jo¿ (_m_p-˛29) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ-bn¬-\n-∂p h-≠q-cn-te-°p h-cp-∂-Xn\n-sS C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v \m-e-c-tbm-sS-bmWv A-]-ISw. F-Xn-sc h-∂ an-\n-tem-dn Zn-i-am-dn-h-∂v ss_-°nen-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ss_°v 30 ao‰-tdmfw hen®n-g-® tijamWv temdn- \n-∂-Xv. am-Xm-hv: kp-ss_-Z. `m-cy: \m-Zn-b. a-°ƒ: ssjlm≥, jm-ln-Zv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: k-ao¿, Pp-ss\-Zv, P-kv-\, dp-_o-\. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v D-®-bv-°v hm-Wnb-º-ew Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.-

^mapS-a tjm-t¡-äp -a-cn-¨p

\n-e-ºq¿: ^n-jv- ^mw D-Sa ^m-an¬ tjm-t°-‰p- a-cn®p. \n-e-ºq¿ h-√-∏p-g Nmen-bn-se sN-Ω-e lpkbv≥ (66) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. sh-≈n-bm-gv-N cm-hn-se 11.30HmsS ^m-an-se Ip-fØn-\v k-ao-]ap≈ ]-ºv lu-kn-se tam-t´m¿ \∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bm-Wv tjm-t°-‰-sX-∂p- I-cp-Xp-∂p. Pn-√-bn-se an-I-® a¬-ky-I¿-j-I\mbn Xncs™-Sp--°s∏-´n-cp-∂p. B-fl A-hm¿-Uv, k-Ωn-{i Ahm¿-Uv F∂nh Ic-ÿ-am-°n-bn-´p≠v. `m-cy: B-bni. a-°ƒ: in-lm-_v (dn-bm-Zv),jm-Pn, t_-\-ko¿, kp\n-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C-Æn-am≥, ap-_m-d-Iv, k-_v-\, d-knb.

_-Ên-Sn-¨p ]-cn-t¡-ä hr-²³ a-cn-¨p

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: _- n-Sn-®p ]-cn-t°-‰v Nn-In¬-k-bnem-bn-cp-∂ hr-≤≥ a-cn-®p. Im-®-Sna-e-bn¬ cm-a≥ (70) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ 27\v sshIo´v \m-temsS tZ-io-b]m-X Im-®-Sn-°-en-¬ h-®v Xr-iq-cn-te-°v t]m-hp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂ _- n-Sn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿-∂v tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tImf-Pn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-cns° C-∂-se-bm-Wv acWw. `m-cy: A-Ωp-Æn. -a-°ƒ: kp-Ip-am-c≥, t{]-a-N{μ≥, {]-Im-i≥, {]-Zo-]v, _o-\, {]-Po-jv, Pn-Po-jv. acp-a-°ƒ: _n-μp, hn-\n-P, A-\p, en-k.

kuZn-bn hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n a-cn-¨p a-e-∏p-dw: ku-Z-n-bn-se dn-

bm-Zn¬ h-m-l-\-]-I-SØn¬ ae-bmfn a-cn-®p. tIm-Uq¿ a-ßm-´p-]p-ew kn ]n ju-°-Øv (40) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. h- k v - { X- ° - S - b n- t e- ° v ]n-°-∏vhm\n¬ km-[-\hp-am-bn h-c-p-tºmƒ S-b¿ s]m-´n a-dn-™m-Wv A-]I-Sw. aønØv \m-´n-se-Øn-°m≥ {i-aw \-S-∂p-h-cp∂p. `m-cy: kp-l-dm-_n. a-°ƒ: ^m-Øn-am sj-dn≥, A¬-km-_n-Xv.

Sn-¸Àtemdnbn-Sn-¨v ss_-¡v bm-{Xn-I³ a-cn-¨p

sIm-√-t¶m-Sv: sIm-√-t¶m-Sv-˛-s\-∑m-d {]-[m-\]m-Xbn¬ h-≈p-h-°p-≠n-\v k-ao-]w Sn-∏¿tem-dn-bnSn-®v ss_-°v bm-{Xn-I≥ a-cn-®p. H-cmƒ-°v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. F-e-h-t©-cn h-t´-°m-Sv ]-Xn-bn¬ ho´n¬ cm-Pp-hn-s‚ a-I≥ Kn-co-jvIp-am¿ (40) B-Wv a-cn®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v c-t≠m-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. s\-∑m-d-bn¬ \n-∂p sIm-√-t¶m-t´-°v h-cp-I-bmbn-cp-∂ temdn F-Xntc h∂ ss_-°nenSn-°p-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ Nn-‰-e-t©-cn I-Spºn-Sn c-Lp F-∂ ap-c-fo-[-c-s\ Xr-iq¿ sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°pw am-‰n.

]n©p-_m-enI ]-\n- _m-[n-¨v a-cn-¨p

h-≠n-Øm-h-fw: ]-\n-sb Xp-S¿-∂v A-Xym-k-∂ \n-ebn-em-bn-cp-∂ H-∂-ch-b- p-Im-cn a-cn-®p. ]-´-t©-cn am-tßm-Sv A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-s‚ a-Iƒ A¿-jn-X-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. am-Xm-hv: {]-Pn-X. k-tlm-Zc≥: A¿-j≥.

\m-]-I-S-¯n bp-h-Xn-sb sIme-s¸-Sp¯n Nm¡n sI«nb kw`hw; hmla-cn-¨p NnInÂk-bn-epÅ Im-ap-I³ \n-co-£-W-¯n ]m-e-°m-Sv: bph-Xnsb sImes∏-SpØn Ip-g¬-aμ - Ø - n-\S- p-Øv Nn-X-en-bnse tdm-U-cn-In¬ Nm°n¬-sI-´n-b \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn-b kw-`-hØn¬ Imap-I≥ t]menkv \nco-£W-Øn¬. Xriq¿ a-Æq-Øn ]q-®-´n kz-tZ-in A-\n¬-Ip-am¿ (35) BWv t]men-kv \n-co-£-W-Øn-ep-≈-Xv. C-bmƒ s\-©p-th-Z-\-sb-ØpS¿-∂v Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In-¬k-bn-emWv. Xr-iq¿ a-Æq-Øn ]q-®-´nbn¬ hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ Xm-a-kn-°p∂ en-kn F-∂ ssj-\n(50)bmWv sIm-√s - ∏-´X - v. kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v t]m-enkv ]-db - p-∂X - v: ap-ºv c-≠p hn-hm-

lw sNbvX en-kn- Ip-d® - p-\m-fmbn ]q-®-´n-bn-se hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ A-\n¬-Ip-am(35)dns\m-∏-am-Wv Xm-a-kn-®p-h-∂Xv. A-\n¬-Ipam-dm-Wv hm-S-I-ho-Sv F-Sp-Øp-\¬In-b-Xv. en-kn-bp-sS B-Zyhnhm-l-Øn-epw c-≠mw hn-hm-lØn-epw aq-∂p-Ip-´n-Iƒ ho-X-ap≠v. B-Zy`¿-Øm-hv a-cn®p. c≠mw `¿-Øm-hv D-t]-£n®pt]mbn. A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-\pw `m-cy-bpw Ip-´n-If - p-ap-≠v. A-Sp-Ø Im-e-Øm-bn en-knbpw A-\n¬-Ip-am-dpw X-Ωn¬ ÿn-c-am-bn h-g-°p-≠m-Ip-am-bncp-∂p. en-kn-bp-sS c-≠mw hn-hml-Øn-se a-I-fm-b 17Im-cn-bp-ambn A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-\p-≈ _-‘-

sØ-s®m-√n-bm-bn-cp-∂p h-g-°v. Xr-iq-cn-se kv-Iq-fn¬ π-kv Sp hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-b Cu Ip-´n enkn-tbm-sSm-∏-am-Wv Xm-a-kn-®ncp-∂X - v. I-gn-™ c-≠n\v h-g° - p≠m-Ip-Ib - pw A-\nens‚ a¿±-\ta‰v en-kn a-cn-°p-I-bpam-bn-cp∂p. Xp-S¿-∂v ar-Xt- Z-lw Nm-°nem-°n Ip-g¬-a-μw Nn-X-en-bn¬ D-t]-£n-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw Nm-°nem-°m≥ a-‰p-≈-h-cp-sS k-lmbw e-`n-®n-´p-t≠m F-∂v A-t\zjn-®p-h-cpI-bm-sW-∂v Ip-g¬-aμw F-kv.sF sI Pn c-ho-{μ≥ ]-d-™p. A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-s\tNm-Zyw sN-bv-Xm-te Iq-Sp-X¬ hn-h-c-߃ e-`y-am-Iq. ar-X-tZlw I-S-Øm≥ D-]-tbm-Kn-s®-

h-S-I-c: \-Sp-h-Æq-cn¬ ss_°pw _- pw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v bphmhv acn-®p. C-c-ß-Øv Nm∂p I-cp-Xp-∂ A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn- en¬ ho-Sv ap-l-Ω-Zv jw-\ms‚ \m-t\m Im¿ hn-øq¿ t]m- kv(26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. enkv I-ÃU - n-bn-se-Sp-Øp-. s]¨-Ip-´nbpsS samgn-bnemWv A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-s‚ ]-¶v tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: Km-‘n-tdm-Uv Psh-fn-s∏-´-Xv. kw-`-h-k-a-b-Øv Mv-j-\v ]-Sn-™m-dmbn _o-®n¬ Ip-´n kv-Iq-fn¬ t]m-bn-cp-∂p. A-t_m-[m-h-ÿ-bn¬ Im-WF∂m¬ Ip-´n-bp-sS sam-gn-I-fn- s∏-´bmƒ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ se ssh-cp-[yw t]m-en-kn-s\ acn®-p. Ip-g° - p-∂p-≠v. 50 h-b- v tXm-∂n-°p-∂ Ct]m-en-kv A-t\z-jn-°p-∂- bm-sf i-‡n-th¬ a-[p-c F-∂mXm-bn t_m-[y-s∏-´ A-\n¬-Ip- Wv A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. C-Sam-¿ C-∂-se s\-©p-th-Z-\-sb- XpssI-bn¬ B-¿.C.Sn.F FØp-S¿-∂v Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy ∂pw c-≠n-eb - pw H-cp ]q-hpw ]-®B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ A-Uv-an-‰m-bn-´p- Ip-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. Iq-Sp-Xe - m-bn hn≠v. H-√q¿, hn-øq¿, Ip-g¬-a-μw h-c-߃ A-dn-bp-∂-h¿ sh-≈t]m-en-kv kw-bp-‡-am-bm-Wv bn¬ t]m-en-kp-am-bn _-‘-s∏tI-kv A-t\z-jn-°p-∂X - v. S-Ww. t^m¨ 0495 2384799.

A-Úm-X ar-X-tZ-lw


8

kozhikode p/W

thÀ-]mSv

KANNUR

7 Pq¨ 2014 i\n

_-Ên-Sn-¨v \m-ep-h-b-Êp-Im-cn- a-cn-¨p

cm-a³

Ir-jv-W³

sIm-«³ -

am-[-hn

ap-Ip-µ³

cm-a-N-{µ-`-«v

am-X

I-eym-Wn

]-ø-∂q¿: sh-≈q¿ ]-gb-sX-cp-hn-se F hn cma≥ (87). `-m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b sI hn \m-cm-bWn. a-°ƒ: Ir-jv-W≥ (dn-´. sk-{I-´-dn ]-ø∂q¿ ho-th-gv-kv skmssk-‰n), ]-tc-X-bm-b Kn-cn-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]p-jv]-e-X (A-[ym-]n-I), ]tc-X-\m-b I-Æ≥. ktlm-Z-c≥: \m-cm-b-W≥ sh-≈q¿.

Im-™-ßm-Sv: dn-´. ]©m-b-Øv Po-h-\-°mc≥ tIm-´-t®-cn Ip-∂pΩ¬ aq-f≥-ho-´n¬ Ir-jvW≥ (77). `m-cy: \m-cmb-Wn. a-°ƒ: cm-P≥, th-Wp (C-cp-h-cpw Kƒ^v), kp-[, kn-‘p (A¶W-hm-Sn So-®¿, \n-´-Sp°w), kp-\n¬, ]-tc-Xbm-b e-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: efn-X, tc-J, Ip-™n-cma≥, tam-l-\≥ (^n-jdo-kv a-t©-iz-cw), kpNn-{X. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ao-\m-£n, Pm-\p, ]-tc-X\m-b A-ºp.

F-Sb - ∂ - q¿-: a-cΩ - p-dn-b≥Nm-tØm-Øv- sIm-´≥(78). `m-cy-: sI Im¿-Xymb-\n.- a-°ƒ-: cm-P≥,- A\o-jv,- Ip-sshØv),- {]Im-i≥.- a-cp-a° - ƒ-: Ko-X,k-\n-j,- Pn≥-j.- k-tlmZ-cß - ƒ-: tcm-ln-Wn,- tZh-In,- {io-[c - ≥,- Pm-\I - n,]-tc-X\ - m-b B-≠n.-

C-cn-´n: Io-gv-∏-≈n-bnse ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-dptIm-Sp-°-c Nm-Øp-hns‚ `m-cy am-[-hn (90). a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-Wn, Ip™n-cm-a≥, cm-P≥, im¥, Nm-Øp, tKm-hnμ≥, Im¿-Xym-b-\n, tam-l-\≥, Pm-\-In.

]m-∏n-\n-t»-cn: ]m-∏n-\nt»-cn sh-Ãv I-cn-°≥Ip-f-Øn-\p k-ao-]w sIm-S-em-{º-Øv ap-Ipμ≥ (70). `m-cy: {io-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: kn-Pn, {]n-b. ktlm-Z-c-߃: I-eymWn, _m-e≥, ]-tc-X-\mb cm-L-h≥.

F-S-b-∂q¿-: tIm-tøm´p-aq-e-bn-se sI hn- amX (75). `¿-Øm-hv-: Ip-am-c≥.- a°ƒ-: `-c-X≥,- `m-c-Xn,_m-_p.- k-tlm-Z-cn-: Pm-\p.- -

AÐp-Â A-kokv

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W³- \m-bÀ-

s]¿-f: hym-]m-cn hy-hkm-bn G-tIm-]-\ k-a-nXn s]¿-f bq-\n-‰v Aw-Khpw t_-°-dn D-S-bp-am-b s]¿-f-bn-se ]n cm-a-N{μ-`-´v (65). `m-cy: ]m¿-hXn. a-°ƒ: hn-P-b-e-£van, ho-W, k-c-kz-Xn, hnZy, hn-\-bv, in-h-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-I≥: A-]¿-W.

sam-b-X v p lm-Pn

F-S-°mSv: \-Sm¬ Bdp-I-≠n-bn¬ A-–p¬ A-ko-kv (48). am-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-bm-b _-Øbn¬ ssk-\-_. ktlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-ZvIp-™n, dw-e. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cmhn-se H-º-Xn-\v ]p-Xnbm-≠n ]-≈n J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

A-co-t°m-Sv: In-gn-t»-cn ]p-√-t©-cn Hm-´p-]m-d-∏pd-Øv ho-´n¬ sI sI tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥- \mb¿ (tKm-] ˛68). `m-cy: ]-Xv-an-\n. a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, _n-tP-jv (Zp_-bv), tc-Wp. a-cp-a-Iƒ: c-Rv-Pn-a.

_-Zn-bS- p-°: \o¿-®m¬ a-√S- p-°b - n-se ]-tc-X\ - mb dn-´. F-kv.sF sI tIm-cs - ‚ `m-cy I-eymWn (85). a-°ƒ: c-ta-i≥ (aw-Ke - m-]p-cw), sI {]Im-iv (dn-´. Un-ssh.Fkv.]n), sI a-\t- am-l\ - , sI in-hc - m-a≥ (F.Fkv.sF {Sm-^n-Iv tÃj≥, Im-k¿-tIm-Uv), \m-Kt- h-Wn, P-be - £ - va - n, Ko-Xm-Ip-am-cn, l¿-ie - X, ]-tc-X\ - m-b sI cm-PtKm-]m-e. a-cp-a° - ƒ: Pb-e£ - va - n, kq-cy-{]-Im-iv, im-¥, Ir-jvW - t- h-Wn.

aq-k-¡p-ªn-ap-{In sam-{Km¬: P-\-Xm-Zƒ F-kv Pn-√m ko-\n-b¿ ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v Sn aq-k-°p-™n ap-{In (80). 16 h¿-j-tØm-fw ao-© ]-©m-b-Øv AwK-am-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: _o^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: A–p¬ l-ao-Zv, A-l-a-Zv _-jo¿, J-Zo-P, B-bni. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-\o-^v, Pm-^¿. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv au-e-hn, A-–p¬-Jm-Z¿, J-Zo-PpΩ, _o-^m-Øn-a, \-^ok, B-bn-kp-Ω.

Kw-Km-[-c³ s]-cn-ß-Øq¿: In-S™n-bn-se a-S-h≥ Ip∂p-Ω¬ Kw-Km-[-c≥ (57). `m-cy: hn-im-em-£n. a°ƒ: an-\n, jn-Pn, jn\n, jnw-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-te-jv, tkmw-Pn-Øv, {]-ho¨, kp-\n¬Ip-am¿. k-tlmZ-c-߃: Ip-am-c≥, cmtP-{μ≥.

s]-cn-ßØ - q¿: In-S™ nbn-se Xo-øØ - v I-Sh - Ø - v sam-bX v- p lm-Pn (72). `mcy: A-bn-jp. a-°ƒ: lmcn-kv (_-ld v- b - v≥), P-aoe. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ap-lΩ - Z- v, j-_m-\.

Jm-ZÀ C-cn-´n: hn-ft- °m-s´ Imcy-Øv Jm-Z¿ (60). `m-cy: ]n sI \-_o-kp. a-°ƒ: \n-km¿, km-Pn¿ (C-cp-hc - pw a-°), dn-bmkv (Kƒ-^v), P-eo¬, \hm-kv. J-_d - S- ° - w C-∂p cm-hn-se 11\v hn-ft- °m-Sv Pp-am a-kvP - n-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

I-a-e-½ sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: ]p-fn-amØv hn-P-bm a≥-knen¬ kp-Ip-am-c-]n-≈bp-sS `m-cy I-a-e-Ω (76). a-°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ipam-cn, hn-P-b-Ip-am-cn, hn-iz-{]-`, hn-iz-e-X.

\-^o-k N-¥-°p-∂v: Nm-c-¶p-fw ]-tc-X-\m-b sIm-f-∏-‰ sN-dn-b-aq-k-bp-sS `m-cy am-Sm-e \-^o-k (75). a°ƒ: A-–p¬ l-ao-Zv, D-Ωp-Ip¬-kp, A-–p¬ \m-k¿, k¬-am≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: dw-e-Øv, A-–p√, J-Zo-P, jm-ln-\.

tZ-h-In-b-½ C-cn-´n: ao-Øs - e ]p-∂ms´ I-cn-¥ tZ-hI - n-bΩ (75)-. `¿-Øm-hv:- ]-tc-X\ - m-b th-tßm-S≥- Ip-™n-°Æ≥- \-ºym¿.- a-°ƒ-: \m-cm-bW - ≥,- iym-af - ,eo-e (sS-bve - ¿),- D-j (F¬-.sF.kn.- G-P‚ v),Ko-X (\-gvk - v,- [-\e - £ - van- B-ip-]{- Xn-, IÆq¿),- {]o-X (F¬.sF.kn-. G-P‚ v).- a-cp-a°ƒ-: D-j,- hn-Pb - ≥ (Nm-ht- »-cn),- - D-Øa - ≥ (tXm-e{- º),- a-[p-kq-Z\≥- (th-ßm-Sv),- A-ch - nμ≥- (am-\t- ¥-cn),- ]-tcX-\m-b \m-cm-bW - ≥.-

a-dn-bw tPm-k-^v ap-°w: Iq-ºm-d a-Wn-ae-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm-k-^n-s‚ `m-cy adn-bw tPm-k-^v (89). a°ƒ: ta-cn, A-eo-kv (]p-jv-]-Kn-cn en-‰n¬ ^v-f-h¿ bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ A-[ym-]n-I). a-cp-a°ƒ: am-Xyp \-cn-°pgn, F F-kv tPm-kv (dn´. A-[ym-]-I≥, Xn-cph-ºm-Sn tk-{I-Uv lm¿-Uv F-®v.F-kv.Fkv).

a-dn-bp-½ N-¥-°p-∂v: sh-fn-bt¥m-Sv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]pe-Øv ]p-en-t°m-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy IÆw-sN-Øv a-dn-bp-Ω (93). a-I≥: sF-Øp.

cm-P³ _m-ep-t»-cn: ]-\© - n-cn B-Xn¬ cm-P≥ (51). `mcy: km-hn-{Xn. ]n-Xm-hv: Ip-am-c≥. A-Ω: Nn-cp-X°p-´n. a-°ƒ: A-ºn-fn, A-Pn¬.

hn-iz-\m-Y³ Xm-\q¿: tim-`∏ - d - º - v t£-{X-Øn-\p sX-°p-`mKw ap-≈Ø - v hn-iz-\m-Y≥ (58). `m-cy: I-eym-Wn.

]n©p-_m-enI ]-\n- _m-[n-¨v a-cn-¨p

A-Ðp-Àd-lv-am³

ap-l-½-Zv

J-Zo-P

ap-l-½-Zv lm-Pn

A-½-Xv

a-dn-b-¡p-«n

s]-cp-h≈ - q¿: Nm-{XsØm-Sn tIm-gn-sØm-Sn A-–p-¿d-lvam≥ (74). `m-cy: B-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: \-Pvap-±o≥, dp-Jn-b, tkm-^n-b, Pw-jn-b, jm-Zn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: DΩ¿, A-ao-d-en, ap-kv-X^.

Xn-cp-\m-hm-b: F-S° - p-fsØ Nn-‰I - Ø - v sN-dp-Ipf-Øn¬ ap-lΩ - Z- v (_m-h˛63). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a°ƒ: kp-ld - , km-_n-d, kp-sse-J, B-cn-^, \ko-d, A-_qXm-ln¿ (A¬-sF≥). a-cp-a° - ƒ: k-eow, A-en, Ip-™me≥-Ip-´n, A-id v- ^ - v, C-kvam-Cu¬, P-ko-e. ktlm-Zc - n: ^m-Øn-a.

_m-ep-t»-cn: Xn-cp-hmt©-cn-s∏m-bn¬ A–p¿-d-lv-am≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy J-Zo-P (73). a°ƒ: P-ao-e, kp-ss_Z, k-^n-b, ssa-aq-\-Øv, A-–p¬ -K-^q¿ (t]men-kv, ta-∏m-Sn), A–p¬- lm-cn-kv ({]o-anb¿ C-e-{Œn-°¬-kv, _m-ep-t»-cn). a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b lk≥-Ip-´n, l-k≥ (dn-´. C≥-Iw Sm-Iv-kv A-Uv. Hm-^n-k¿ tIm-gn-t°mSv), lpkbv≥ (Ip-´ºq¿), ss\-e (ap-≠-°c F.bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ), k-Pn-\.

A-Øm-Wn-°¬: h-≈ph-{ºw A-Øm-Wn-°¬ s\-®n-bn¬ F-Sm-eØ - v ap-lΩ - Z- v lm-Pn (87). `mcy: Ip-™n-°X - n-bp-Ω. a-°ƒ: ssk-Xe - h - n F∂ _m-_p, jw-kp-±o≥ F-∂ \m-Wn (]n.Fw.Fkv.F.Fw.bp.]n kvIqƒ, th-ßc - ), ^m-Øna, B-bn-i, J-Zo-P. a-cp-a°ƒ: Im-cm-´v aq-k (A_q-Z_ - n), J-Zo-P, dw-eØv,]-tc-Xc - m-b _m-∏p´n, A-lΩ - Z- vI - p-´n. ktlm-Zc - ≥: ]-tc-X\ - m-b sam-bvX - o≥-Ip-´n lm-Pn.

hn-e-ßm-Sv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-‰n-°m-´v am-Xyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-b-°p-´n (78). ]m-e sIm-‰-\m¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: ^nen-∏v, tPm-fn (A-[ym-]nI, F.Fw.F¬.]n. Ip≠n¬-]-d-ºv, a-e-∏p-dw), k-Pn (sI.F-kv.C._n. \m-Zm-]p-cw), tdm-bv (Kh. F-®v.F-kv.F-kv. amhq¿). a-cp-a-°ƒ: sken≥, sI tPm-kv h-ben¬ (No-^v k-_v FUn-‰¿, a-t\m-c-a a-e-∏pdw), _n-μp (]-cn-bm-]pcw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fPv).

sam-bv-Xo³

tIm-Xa - w-Ke - w:C-ca - √ - q¿ ]p-Xo-°] - d - º - n¬ ]-tcX-\m-b tIm-bm≥-lm-Pnbp-sS a-I≥ ssa-Xo≥ Ip-™v(60). `m-cy: sN-dp-h´- q¿ aw-Ke - Øv Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw kpss_-Z.a-°ƒ: tImbm≥, I-_o¿,d-jo-\.acp-a° - ƒ: jw-e,k-Pn\n,kp-ss_¿.

\-cn-∏-‰: Zo¿-L-Im-ew \-cn-∏-‰ a-fi-ew tIm¨-{K-kv J-Pm-©n-bpw ap-Pm-ln-Zv {]-h¿-Ø-I\p-am-bn-cp-∂ h-S-°bn¬ A-Ω-Xv (74). a-fi-ew tIm¨-{K-kv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v, sI.F≥.Fw. Not°m-∂v bq-\n-‰v sk{I-´-dn, ]m-Xn-cn-∏-‰ bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ ]n.Sn.F. {]-kn-U‚ v F-∂o \n-e-I-fn-epw {]-h¿-Øn-®p. `m-cy: _n-øm-Øp. a°ƒ: ap-\o¿ (ku-Zn), a-Po-Zv (t]m-en-kv, am\-¥-hm-Sn), dw-e, \_o-kp, k-°o-\, \-Zod, ap-_o-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sI Fw A-–p¬- k-emw (Ip‰ym-Sn), aq-k (Im-°p\n), A-Ω-Xv (\-cn-∏‰), kn sI A-iv-d-^v (I-S-ta-cn), ]-tc-X-\mb A-–p¿-d-lv-am≥ (Im-b-Æ), P-ko-d (\cn-∏-‰), l-ko-\ (hmWn-ta¬).

\-^o-k a-t©-cn: aw-K-e-t»-cn \-t√-ß-c sam-bv-Xo-s‚ `m-cy tIm-´n-en-߬ \^o-k (48). a-°ƒ: im^n, dm-^n, l-_o-_. acp-a-°ƒ: ku-Z, k-^nb, kp-ss_¿ \n-eºq¿.

h-≠n-Øm-h-fw: ]-\n-sb Xp-S¿-∂v A-Xym-k-∂ \ne-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ H-∂-ch-b p-Im-cn a-cn-®p. ]-´-t©-cn am-tßm-Sv A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-s‚ a-Iƒ A¿-jn-X-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. am-Xm-hv: {]-Pn-X. k-tlm-Z- ^m-¯n-a ta¬-ap-dn: C-cp-]Ø - nc≥: A¿-j≥. tb-gn¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b \Sp-sØm-Sn I-Ωp-hn-s‚ - m-b ]q_-Zn-b-Sp-°: I-gn-™Zn-h-kw tPm-en-°m-bn ho-´n¬- a-Iƒ- ]-tc-X\ \n-∂v ]p-d-s∏-´- bp-hm-hn-s\ Ip-gn-bn¬ ho-Wv a-cn-®- t°m-´q¿ Du-tcm-Øv ]- Z- n-s‚ `m\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. s_-Zn-cw-]-≈ sIm-f-s° h- d-º≥ ap-lΩ b¬ s_-f-Ø-Sp-°-bn-se cm-a-N-{μ \m-bv-°m(30)Wv cy \-Sp-sØm-Sn ^ma-cn-®-Xv. ]n-Xm-hv: sIm-d-K-\m-b-Iv. am-Xm-hv: ]m¿-Δ- Øn-a (76). a-Iƒ: B- ≥: sam-bvXn. `m-cy: Ko-X. a-Iƒ: l¿-jn-X. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: C- bn-i. a-cp-aI Xo≥ \q-td-߬ ap-°v. μn-c, kp-io-e, N-{μm-h-Xn, cm-tP-iz-cn.

Ip-gn-bn a-cn-¨-\n-e-bnÂ

B-bn-i l-Öp-½ sIm-Sp-h-≈n: ku-Øv sIm-Sp-h-≈n ]-tc-X-\mb sIm-b-∏ A-b-Ω-ZvIp™n-bp-sS `m-cy In-g°m-e-®n-bn¬ B-bn-i l-÷p-Ω (73). a-I≥: A-–-p¬ -d-low. a-cp-a-Iƒ: jm-ln-\. ktlm-Z-c≥: A-b-Ω-Zv ]bn-{º.

I-p-ªp-®n Xp-Δq¿: Su-Wn-\p k-ao]w sh-´-t©-cn Ip-™pÆn (72). `m-cy: e-£v-an. a-°-ƒ: hn-\p, hn-\o-X. acp-a-I≥: D-Z-b-Zm-kv.

^m-dq-Jv tIm-f-Pv: A≠n-°m-S≥-Ip-gn im kmln-_v \-K¿ Io-gn-√-Øv ]-d-h≥-Xn-cp-Øn ]-tc-X\m-b a-Ω-Zn-s‚ a-I≥ sam-bv-Xo≥ (73). ktlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X-cmb a-Ω-Zv, I-e-¥≥, ssk-X-e-hn (_n-®m-h), ]m-Øp-ssΩ.

ssa-Xo³ Ip-ªv

H-¼-Xmw ¢m-kv hn-ZymÀ-Yn Ipf-¯n ap§n-a-cn¨p ^m-¯n-a l-Öp-½ -

]-¡À

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: Np-≈n-∏md ]-tc-X-\m-b I-cn-∏mbn Xq-º-bn¬ sam-bv-Xp´n lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy sN\-°¬ ^m-Øn-a- l÷p-Ω (85). a-°ƒ: Aenl-k≥ lm-Pn, A∫m-kv, J-Zo-P, ^m-Øna, \-^o-k. a-cp-a-°ƒ: bq-k-^v lm-Pn, ap-l-ΩZv-Ip-´n, H ]n A-en, B-an\, ssa-aq-\-Øv, sse-e.

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: ]-Xn-aw-Kew Ip-Sn-em-´v ]-°¿ (65). `m-cy: a-dn-b. a-°ƒ: ap\o¿, ap-_o-\, j-ao-\, Pp-ssa-en-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p¬- I_o¿, e-Øo-^v, lm-cnkv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip™m-ap, A-Ω-Zv, ]mØp-Ω, J-Zo-P, B-an-\.

kp-io-e ]-c∏ - \ - ß - m-Sn: A-cn-b√q-cn-se ]-tc-X\ - m-b HSp-°Ø - n¬ th-em-bp-[s‚ `m-cy kp-io-e (57). a-°ƒ: jm-Pn, _n-μp, kn-‘p.

s‚ Xp-S¿-®-bm-bn-´m-bn-cp-∂p \S-]-Sn. {]-iv-\-Øn¬ N¿-®bv-°ns√-∂v B-h¿-Øn-®p]-d-bp-Ibpw kmw-kv-Im-cn-I Iq-´m-bv-a kw-L-Sn-∏n-°p-sa-∂v {]-Jym-]n°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X s^-^v-I, \ne-]m-Sv am-‰n k-a-hm-b-Øn-\v {iaw Xp-S-ßn-b-Xn-s‚ `m-K-am-bmWv I-Ø-b-®-sX-∂m-Wv hn-hcw. B-tcm-]-Ww A-Sn-ÿm-\-cln-X-am-sW-∂pw A-`n-{]m-b kw-L-´-\w A-\m-h-iy-am-sW∂pw hy-‡-am-°n {]-kn-U‚ v kn-_n a-e-bn-em-Wv s^-U-tdj-\v I-Ø-b-®-Xv. kw-L-S-\bvs°-Xn-cm-b B-kq-{Xn-X \o-°am-Wv hn-hm-Z-߃. N-e-®n-{X sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS tZ-io-b t\Xm-hp-Iq-Sn-bm-b _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-

tIm-b Ip-ªn-t¡m-b X-§Ä -

k-^n-b-

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: ]-¥m-cßm-Sn Pn-^v-cn a≥-knen¬ ]-g-b am-fn-tb-°¬ tIm-b Ip-™n-t°m-b- X߃ (72). `m-cy: _o-°p™n-_o-hn. a-°ƒ: A–p-¿d-lvam≥-tIm-b, lm-cn-kv, D-Ωp¬-^-kv¬, ]-tc-X-bm-b D-Ωp-lm-\n _o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-hmkv, kp-a-ø _o-hn, B-an\-_o-hn.

a-ºm-Sv: \-Sp-h-°m-Sv Ip-´n-°p-∂v ]-tc-X-\mb Hm-hp-߬ A-_vZp¬ A-ko-kn-s‚ `mcy B¬-∏-≈n k-^nb (64). a-°ƒ: \q¿-P-lm≥, \q-dp-∂n-k, ssl-dp∂n-k, ^m-_n-b. a-cpa-°ƒ: j-co-^, A-kvI¿, jn-lm-_v, ^k¬.

a-c-¡mÀ lm-Pn

A-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n

l-k³

Ip-≠q¿: In-g-°pw-]m-´v a-c-°m¿ lm-Pn (64). `mcy: a-dn-bm-ap l-÷p-Ω. a-Iƒ: sse-e. a-cp-aI≥: ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ _m-_p (ku-Zn).

F-S-°-c: ap-≠∏-dºn¬ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (62). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a°ƒ: A≥-h¿ km-ZØv, dn-bm-kv, l-ko-\, P-\o-kv, jm-ln-\.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: Iq-´n-eßm-Sn Io-cw-Ip-≠v kztZ-in F≥.sI tdm-Uv DΩm-´v l-k≥ (54). `m-cy: dp-Jn-b.

_n D-®n-Ir-jv-W-sâ Nn-{X-§Ä-¡p-f-f hn-e-¡v ]n³-h-en-¡-W-sa-¶-`yÀ-Yn-¨v s^-^v-I I-¯-b-¨p sIm-®n: kw-hn-[m-b-I-\pw s^^v-I P-\¬ sk-{I-´-dn-bp-am-b _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-s‚ Nn-{X߃ {]-Z¿-in-∏n-°p-∂-Xv hn-e°n-b \-S-]-Sn ]n≥-h-en-°-Wsa-∂-`y¿-Yn-®v F-Iv-kn-_n-t‰-gvkv s^-U-td-j-\v s^-^v-I IØ-b-®p. sa-bv 13\v sIm-®n-bn¬ tN¿∂ F-Iv-kn-_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-Utd-j≥ P-\-d¬ t_m-Un tbm-Kam-Wv _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-s‚ Nn{X-߃ {]-Z¿-in-∏n-t°-≠-Xns√-∂v Xo-cp-am-\n-®-Xv. F-Iv-kn_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-U-td-j≥ Hm-^nkn-s‚ D-Zv-Lm-S-\-®-S-ßn¬\n∂v Xm-c-kw-L-S-\-bpw \n¿-amXm-°-fpw hn-´p-\n-∂-Xv _n DÆn-Ir-jv-Ws‚ \n¿-tZ-i-{]-Imc-am-sW-∂ B-tcm-]-W-Øn-

_m-e³ ta-∏-bq¿: \-c-t°m-Sv I√-¶n-bn¬ _m-e≥ (65). `m-cy: I-a-e. a-°ƒ: dn\o-jv, do-jv-a, do-P. a-cp-aI≥: ]-tc-X-\m-b N{μ≥ (Xn-t°m-Sn).

B-\n Nn-d-°¬: ]-≈n-∏-dºn¬ tdm-_¿-´v `m-cy B-\n(55).

{]-k-h-ti-jw bp-h-Xn a-cn-¨p; B-ip-]-{Xn-bn kw-LÀ-jw

Zp-cq-lXsb¶v _Ôp-¡Ä Im-bw-Ip-fw: ]-Øn-bq¿ B-dm-´p-Ip-f-Øn¬ Ip-fn°m-\n-d-ßn-b H-º-Xmw ¢m-kv hn-Zym¿-Yn Zp-cq-lkml-N-cy-Øn¬ ap-ßna-cn-®-p. sIm-‰p-Ip-f-ß-c s]m-´≥X-d-bn¬ \u-kn-em a≥-kn-en¬ \m-k-dns‚ a-I-\pw Im-bw-Ipfw Fw-.F-kv-.Fw. kvIq-fn-se H-º-Xmw ¢mkv hn-Zym¿-Yn-bp-am-b \n-km-ap-±o≥ (14) BWv ]-Øn-bq¿ t£-{XØn-s‚ B-dm-´p-Ip-fØn¬ C-∂-se cm-hnse 9.30 Hm-sS ap-ßnacn-®-Xv. B-dm-´p-Ip-fØn-s‚ a-[y-`m-K-Øm-bn ar-X-tZ-lw s]m-ßn-°n-S°p-∂-Xv I-≠v \m-´p-Im¿ t]m-en-kn¬A-dn-bn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. hym-gm-gv-N D-®-bv-°v ho-´n¬ \n-∂v B-lm-cw I-gn-®ti-jw kv-Iq-fn-te-°p t]m-b \n-km-ap-±o≥ ssh-Io´v Xn-cn-sI F-Øn-bn-√. Xp-S¿-∂v _-‘p-°ƒ kv-Iq-fnepw kp-lr-Øp-°nƒ-°n-S-bn-epw A-t\z-j-Ww \-SØnsb¶nepw D-®-bv-°v ti-jw kv-Iq-fn¬ F-Øn-bns√-∂m-Wv hn-h-cw e-`n-®-Xv. cm-{Xn ssh-In-bpw At\z-j-Ww \-S-Øn-sb-¶n-epw I-s≠-Øm-\m-bn-√. CXn-\n-sS-bmWv C-∂-se B-dm-´p-Ip-f-Øn¬ ar-XtZ-lw I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. a-c-W-Øn¬ Zp-cq-l-X-bp-s≠-∂pw A-t\z-jWw th-W-sa-∂pw _-‘p-°ƒ B-h-iy-s∏-´p. Imbw-Ip-fw t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-Ãv X-øm-dm-°n- B-e-∏pg sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-¬ t]m-Ãvtam¿-´-Øn-\v tijw Im-bw-Ip-fw sj-lo-Zm¿ ]-≈n-bn¬ J-_-d-S°n. B-cn-^-bm-Wv am-Xm-hv. ktlm-Z-c-߃: \ukn-e, \m-kn-ap-±o≥.

ss_-¡n-Sn-¨v ]-{X GPâv a-cn-¨p

sN-dp-]p-g: ]-{Xhn-X-c-WØn-\n-sS G-P‚ v ss_°n-Sn-®v a-cn-®p. tI-cf - Iuap-Zn ^v-fm-jv G-P‚m-b tIm-ep-h-≈n-bn-se B-eh-f-∏n¬ _m-e≥ (74) BWv a-cn-®X - v. C-∂s - e sshIo-´v aq-t∂m-sS hm-g° - p-≠Øm-Wv A]-ISw. sN-dp-]p-gb - n-se kz-Imcy B-ip-]{- Xn-bn¬ {]m-Ya - n-I ip-{iq-j \¬-In- ]-cnbm-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fP - n¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n°m-\m-bn-√. `m-cy: X-ºm-bn. a-I≥: kp-\n¬. a-cp-aIƒ: kp-Pn-e.

tem-dn ss_-¡n-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

Sn-¸Àtemdnbn-Sn-¨v ss_-¡v bm-{Xn-I³ a-cn-¨p

sIm-√-t¶m-Sv: sIm-√-t¶mSv-˛-s\-∑m-d {]-[m-\]m-Xbn¬ h-≈p-h-°p-≠n-\v kao-]w Sn-∏¿tem-dn-bnSn-®v ss_-°v bm-{Xn-I≥ a-cn®p. H-cmƒ-°v Kp-cp-X-c-ambn ]-cn-t°-‰p. F-e-h-t©-cn h-t´-°mSv ]-Xn-bn¬ ho-´n¬ cm-Pphn-s‚ a-I≥ Kn-co-jvIpam¿ (40) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v c-t≠m-sSbm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. s\-∑m-d-bn¬ \n-∂p sIm-√-t¶m-t´-°v h-cp-I-bmbn-cp-∂ temdn F-Xntc h∂ ss_-°nenSn-°p-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ Nn-‰-e-t©-cn I-Spºn-Sn c-Lp F-∂ ap-c-fo-[-c-s\ ]m-e-°m-s´ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°pw ]n-∂o-Sv Xr-iq¿ sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°pw am-‰n.

]p¬-∏-≈n: s]-cn-°-√q¿ K-h. kv-Iq-fn-\v k-ao-]-w _- n-Sn-®v \m-ep-h-b- p-Im-cn- a-cn-®p. ]p¬-∏-≈n ap≈≥-sIm-√n 53 I-h-e hm-c-I-bn¬ k-Pn˛jo\ Zº-Xn-I-fpsS aIfpw ]p¬-∏-≈n sk‚ v ta-co-kv Cw-•ojv ao-Un-bw kvI - q-fn-se F¬.sI.Pn hn-Zym¿-Yn\n-bp-amb tKmƒ-U kPn-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. kvIqƒhn-´v _- n-dß - n ktlm-Zc - n-tbm-sSm-∏w tdm-Uv ap-dn-®p-IS- ° - p-∂X - n-\nsS s]-cn-°-√q-cn¬ \n-∂p ]p¬-∏-≈n-bn-te-°p t]m-hp-Ibm-bn-cp∂ _-kv C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ho-Sp]-Wn \-S° - p-∂X - n-\m¬ k-Pn-bp-sS k-tlm-Zcn-bp-sS ho-´n¬ Xm-ak - n-®p-]T - n-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw C≥-Iz-Ãv \-S-Øn t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´Øn-\-b-®p. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v a-c-°-S-hv sk‚ vtPm-k^ - v ]-≈n- sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. k-tlm-Zc - n: •mUvh - n≥ F-en-k_ - Ø - v.

W-s\ hn-e-°n-b Xo-cp-am-\w ]n≥-h-en-°-W-sa-∂v I-Øn¬ A-`y¿-Yn-°p-∂p. A-tX-k-a-bw, hn-e-°n-s\Xntc {]-Jym-]n-® {]-Xn-tj-[ Iq-´m-bv-a s^-^v-I am-‰n-h-®-Xv HØp-Xo¿-∏pkm-[y-X ]-cn-K-Wn®m-sW-∂m-Wv kq-N-\. I- s Ø- g p- X n- b - X p- s Im- ≠ v Xo-cp-∂-X-√ {]iv\-sa∂v F-Ivkn-_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-U-td-j≥ {]kn-U‚ v en-_¿-´n _-jo¿ ]-d™p. D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-\pw kn-_n a-e-bn-ep-a-S-°-ap-≈-h¿ B-Zyw s^-U-td-js‚ Hm-^n-kn-seØp-I-bm-Wv th-≠-Xv. ti-jw N¿-®-bn¬ Xo-cp-am-\-am-bm¬ am-{X-ta hn-e-°v ]n≥-h-en-°p∂-Xv ]-cn-K-Wn-°q-sh-∂pw _jo¿ ]-d-™p.

sIm-√w: {]-k-h-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v bp-h-Xn a-cn-®p. A[n-Ir-X-cp-sS A-\m-ÿ-bm-Wv a-c-W-Im-c-W-sa∂m-tcm-]n-®v _-‘p-°ƒ B-ip-]-{Xn D-]-tcm-[n®-Xv kw-L¿-j-Øn-\n-S-bm°n. A-©¬ k¿-°m¿ Bip-]-{Xn-bnse Xm¬-°m-enI \-gv-kmb C-S-bv-°n-Sw \S-ta¬-ap-°v sX-t°-hn-f ho´n¬ k-Po-hn-s‚ `m-cy \-b\(22)bm-Wv acn-®-Xv. kw`-h-sØ-°p-dn®v t]m-en-kv ]-d-bp-∂-Xv: hymgm-gv-N cm-hn-se \-b-\-sb _-‘p-°ƒ Ip-≠-d-bnse F¬.Fw.F-kv. B-ip-]-{Xn-bnseØn-®p. cm{Xn 10.30-Hm-sS s]¨-Ip-´n-°v P-∑w-\-¬-In. C-∂se ]p-e¿-s® 1.30-Hm-sS c-‡-{km-h-hpw c-‡-kΩ¿-±-hpw A-an-X-am-sW∂v Bip-]{Xn A[n-IrX¿ Adn-bn-®-tXmsS _-‘p-°ƒ \b-\sb ta-hd-sØ kz-Im-cy sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ {]-th-in∏n-s®-¶n-epw a-cn-°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p. K¿-`-[m-c-Ww- ap-X¬ \-b-\-sb ip-{iq-jn-®-Xv F¬.Fw.F-kv. B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-em-Wv. B-ip-]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X-cp-sS A-\m-ÿbm-Wv a-cWØn-\n-Sbm°n-b-sX-∂m-tcm-]n-®v _-‘p-°-fpw \m-´p-Imcpw C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11Hm-sS B-ip-]-{Xn D-]-tcm[n-®p. dq-d¬ Un-ssh.F-kv.]n. Fw sI kp¬-^n°-dn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep≈ t]m-en-kv _-‘p-°fpw B-ip-]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X-cp-am-bn \S-Ønb N¿®sb XpS¿∂mWv 12Hm-sS P\-°q´w ]ncn™p-t]m-bXv. ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw sa-Un-°¬ tImf-Pn¬ t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\m-bn sIm-≠p-t]m-bn. J-Ø-dn-ep≈ `¿-Øm-hv k-Po-hv C-∂v \m-´n-seØn-b-ti-jw kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-°pw. Ip-≠-d t]men-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

kp-≈y: sF-h¿-\m-Sv kz-tZ-in kp-≈y A-kw-ªn afi-ew P-\-Xm-Zƒ (F-kv) {]-kn-U‚ v N-{μtImƒ°-dn-s‚ a-I\mb P-K-Zv tImƒ-°¿ (26) hml-\m-]I-S-Øn¬ acn®p. I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn ]-tØm-sS k-I-te-jv-]p-c-bn-¬ tem-dn ss_-°n-en-Sn-®mWv A]-I-Sw. cm-{Xn `-£-Ww I-gn-°m≥ tlm-´-en-te-°v ss_°n¬ bm-{XsN-øsh F-Xn-tc h-∂ -tem-dn C-Sn-°pI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. sX-dn-®v ho-W -P-K-Zn-\v ta¬ A-tX tem-dn- I-b-dn X¬£Ww acn°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p. kI-te-jv ]p-c-bn-se C‚o-cn-b¿ h¿-°v Po-h-\-°m-c\m-bn-cp-∂p P-K-Zv.

]p-g-bn bp-hm-hn-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw

]-\-a-cw: aq-∂pZn-h-kw apºv Im-Wm-Xm-b B-Znhm-kn bp-hm-hn-s‚ ar-XtZ-lw ]p-g-bn¬ I-s≠Øn. ]-\-a-cw ]m-e-ap-°v sIm-f-Ø-d I-cp-W≥-˛-Nman Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ A\n¬-Ip-am¿(22) BWv acn-®-Xv. sam-ss_¬ dn-]b-dnMv tIm-gv-kv ]q¿-Ønbm-°n-b A-\n¬-Ip-am¿ F-d-Wm-Ip-f-Øv tPm-ensNbv-Xph-cpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. cm-{Xn-bn¬ t^m¨ h-∂-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v ho-´n¬ \n-∂n-d-ßn-t∏m-b A-\n¬Ip-am-dn-s\ ]n∂oSv ImWm-Xm-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. a-c-W-Øn¬ Zp-cq-l-X-bp-s≠-∂p ]n-Xm-hv t]m-enkn¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In. am-\-¥-hm-Sn-bn¬ \n-s∂-Ønb ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kpw \m-´p-Im-cpw tN¿-∂m-Wv ar-X-tZlw ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv.

Zp-_-bnÂ- \ncym-X-\mbn

a-t©-iz-cw: slm-k-¶-Sn kz-tZ-in A-kp-J-sØ XpS-¿-∂v Zp-_-bn¬ a-cn-®p. aqSw-_-b-en-se _m-_p-˛kp-io-e Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS aI≥ P-bm-\-μ(42)\m-Wv acn-®-Xv. Zp-_-bv I-dm-a-bn-se Iº-\n-bn¬ 19 h¿-jam-bn tPm-ensN-øp∂ Pbm-\μ\v I-gn-™ 25\m-Wv A-kp-Jw _m-[n-®X - v. `m-cy: hμ-\. a-Iƒ: ssh-jvW - h - n.

Ip-g-ªpho-Wv a-cn-¨p

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: bp-hm-hv Ipfn-ap-dn-bn¬ Ip-g-™phoWv a-cn-®p. h-en-b-]-d-ºv sS-en-t^m¨ F-Iv-kv-tN©n-\v k-ao-]-sØ bp ^k-ep-¿d-lvam-\m(38)Wv acn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se Ip-fn-°p-∂-Xn-s\ tZ-lmkz-mÿyw A-\p-`-h-s∏-´Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-te- ^-k-ep-¿d-lvam-≥ °p-≈ bm-{Xma-t[y-bm-Wv a-c-Ww. ]n-Xm-hv: C-^v-Xn-Jm-dp-±o≥. am-Xm-hv: J-Zo-P. `mcy:l-^v-k-Øv. a-°ƒ: \q-dm-_n, A≥-h¿, ssJ-dp∂n-k, ^m-bn-kv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: bq-k-^v (Zp-_-bv), B-jn-Jv (_mw-•q¿), l-^v-k-Øv, ssd-lm-\-Øv, Bjn-J. Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: ho-´n-te-°v km-[-\w hm-ßn h-c-sh tdm-Un¬ Ip-g-™p-ho-Wv Kr-l-\m-Y≥ a-cn-®p. thßm-Sv sX-cp-hn-se I-Xn-c≥ lu-kn¬ sI K-w-Km-[c≥(60)\m-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ Zn-h-k-w thßm-Sv sX-c-p-hn-em-Wp kw`-hw. D-S≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bnte-°v sIm-≠p-t]m-sb-¶n- K-w-Km-[-c≥ epw c-£n-°m-\-m-bn-√. Zo¿-L-Im-ew Ko-X _- n¬ I-≠-Œ-dm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: h¬-k-e. a-°ƒ: A-\q-]v (Kƒ-^v), _o-\, _nPn-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kn-t\m-Pv, _n-t\-jv.

bp-h-Xn-sb sIme-s¸-Sp¯n Nm¡n sI«nb kw`hw; NnInÂk-bn-epÅ Im-ap-I³ \n-co-£-W-¯n ]m-e-°m-Sv: bph-Xnsb sImes∏-SpØn Ip-g¬-aμ - Ø - n-\S- p-Øv Nn-X-en-bnse tdm-U-cn-In¬ Nm°n¬-sI-´n-b \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn-b kw-`-hØn¬ Imap-I≥ t]menkv \nco-£W-Øn¬. Xriq¿ a-Æq-Øn ]q-®-´n kz-tZ-in A-\n¬-Ip-am¿ (35) BWv t]men-kv \n-co-£-W-Øn-ep-≈-Xv. C-bmƒ s\-©p-th-Z-\-sb-ØpS¿-∂v Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In-¬k-bn-emWv. Xr-iq¿ a-Æq-Øn ]q-®-´nbn¬ hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ Xm-a-kn-°p∂ en-kn F-∂ ssj-\n(50)bmWv sIm-√s - ∏-´X - v. kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v t]m-enkv ]-db - p-∂X - v: ap-ºv c-≠p hn-hm-

lw sNbvX en-kn- Ip-d® - p-\m-fmbn ]q-®-´n-bn-se hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ A-\n¬-Ip-am(35)dns\m-∏-am-Wv Xm-a-kn-®p-h-∂Xv. A-\n¬-Ipam-dm-Wv hm-S-I-ho-Sv F-Sp-Øp-\¬In-b-Xv. en-kn-bp-sS B-Zyhnhm-l-Øn-epw c-≠mw hn-hm-lØn-epw aq-∂p-Ip-´n-Iƒ ho-X-ap≠v. B-Zy`¿-Øm-hv a-cn®p. c≠mw `¿-Øm-hv D-t]-£n®pt]mbn. A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-\pw `m-cy-bpw Ip-´n-If - p-ap-≠v. A-Sp-Ø Im-e-Øm-bn en-knbpw A-\n¬-Ip-am-dpw X-Ωn¬ ÿn-c-am-bn h-g-°p-≠m-Ip-am-bncp-∂p. en-kn-bp-sS c-≠mw hn-hml-Øn-se a-I-fm-b 17Im-cn-bp-ambn A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-\p-≈ _-‘-

sØ-s®m-√n-bm-bn-cp-∂p h-g-°v. Xr-iq-cn-se kv-Iq-fn¬ π-kv Sp hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-b Cu Ip-´n enkn-tbm-sSm-∏-am-Wv Xm-a-kn-®ncp-∂X - v. I-gn-™ c-≠n\v h-g° - p≠m-Ip-Ib - pw A-\nens‚ a¿±-\ta‰v en-kn a-cn-°p-I-bpam-bn-cp∂p. Xp-S¿-∂v ar-Xt- Z-lw Nm-°nem-°n Ip-g¬-a-μw Nn-X-en-bn¬ D-t]-£n-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw Nm-°nem-°m≥ a-‰p-≈-h-cp-sS k-lmbw e-`n-®n-´p-t≠m F-∂v A-t\zjn-®p-h-cpI-bm-sW-∂v Ip-g¬-aμw F-kv.sF sI Pn c-ho-{μ≥ ]-d-™p. A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-s\tNm-Zyw sN-bv-Xm-te Iq-Sp-X¬ hn-h-c-߃ e-`y-am-Iq. ar-X-tZlw I-S-Øm≥ D-]-tbm-Kn-s®-

∂p I-cp-Xp-∂ A-\n¬-Ip-am-dns‚ \m-t\m Im¿ hn-øq¿ t]menkv I-ÃU - n-bn-se-Sp-Øp-. s]¨-Ip-´nbpsS samgn-bnemWv A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-s‚ ]-¶v sh-fn-s∏-´-Xv. kw-`-h-k-a-b-Øv Ip-´n kv-Iq-fn¬ t]m-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ Ip-´n-bp-sS sam-gn-I-fnse ssh-cp-[yw t]m-en-kn-s\ Ip-g° - p-∂p-≠v. t]m-en-kv A-t\z-jn-°p-∂Xm-bn t_m-[y-s∏-´ A-\n¬-Ipam-¿ C-∂-se s\-©p-th-Z-\-sbØp-S¿-∂v Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ A-Uv-an-‰m-bn-´p≠v. H-√q¿, hn-øq¿, Ip-g¬-a-μw t]m-en-kv kw-bp-‡-am-bm-Wv tI-kv A-t\z-jn-°p-∂X - v.

ar-X-fXn-∏-td-Z-º- lv:wap-Xn-tØ-cn-S¨Ø -dn-ªp - v ssl-kv-

Iq-fn-\v kao]-sØ sI-´n-SØ - n-¬ I-gn-™Zn-hk - w I-s≠-Øn-b arX-tZ-lw Xncn-®d - n-™p. h-fs - s° A-Sn-®n-°m-a-e-bn-se \m-cm-bW\mWv acn-®Xv. \n-ch - [ - n tam-jW-t°-kp-I-fn-se {]-Xn-bmWnbmsf∂v t]menkv ]d™p. A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv. I-Æq¿ k_v P-bn-en-¬ \n∂v tamNn-X\ - m-b tijw X-fn-∏d - º - n¬ ]-gb - km-[\-߃ s]-dp-°n h - n-‰m-Wv Po-hn-®ncp-∂X - v. ar-Xt- Z-lw G-s‰-Sp-°m≥ _‘p-°ƒ X-øm-dm-bn-´n-√.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn sN-dp-]p-g: Xn-cp-ta-\n {]m-s∏mbn-en-se ]n hn Ip-™n-cma(55)s\-bm-Wv C-∂-se ]p-e¿s® ho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn. . s]-cn-tßmw t]m-en-kv ar-X-tZ-lw C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn. `m-cy: h¬-k-e. a-°ƒ: ku-ay, c-Pn-X.


8

thÀ-]mSv

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

07 Pq¨ 2014 i\n

s{S-bn-\n-\p ap-¶nÂNm-Sn a-cn-¨p

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: a-[y-h-b-kv-I≥ s{S-bn-\n-\p ap≥]n¬ Nm-Sn B-fl-l-Xy sN-bv-Xp. a-Æ-¥-e tI-c-fm-[nXy-]p-cw kz-tZ-in P-b-Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b¿ (58) B-Wv B-fl-l-Xy sN-bv-X-Xv. tÃ-j≥-I-S-hn-\p k-ao-]sØ {Sm-°n-em-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. ssS-‰m-\n-bw tIm-˛Hm-]-td-‰n-hv skm-ssk-‰n dn-´.Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-Wv P-bIr-jv-W≥.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n -bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

A-Ðp P-ºmÀ

I-cp-Wm-I-c³

cm-a-N-{µ³ \m-bÀ

tKm-]n-\m-Y³ \m-bÀ

th-em-bp-[³ \m-bÀ

ap-Po-_p-d-lv-am³

sk-bv-Z-en

kp-a-Xn-b-½

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: `-c-X∂q¿ ]p-fn-°-c hn ]n lu-kn¬ A-–p¬ P∫m¿ (70). `m-cy: l-eo-am _o-hn. a-°ƒ: \n-km-dp±o≥, \-Po-a, _p-jv-d. a-cpa-°ƒ: \n-km-dp-±o≥, _pjv-d, jm-P-lm-≥.

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: Np-≈m-fw D-j-kn¬ I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ (77). `m-cy: D-jm-Ip-am-cn. a-°ƒ: {]-km-Zv, {]-Zo-]v, do-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssj-\, {]n-b-¶, kp-[o¿.

In-fn-am-\q¿: sN-¶n-°p∂v I-S-bn¬ ho-´n¬ cm-aN-{μ≥ \m-b¿ (70). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-\m-b kp-io-e. a°ƒ: Kn-cn-P, jo-P, Zo-], tim-` (]-tc-X). a-cp-a°ƒ: t_-_n-Zm-kv, kp\n¬-Ip-am¿, cm-Pp.

sh¨-]-I¬: ap-cp-I-hnem-kw _w-•m-hn¬ tKm-]n\m-Y≥ \m-b¿ (78). `m-cy: kp-`-{Zm-Ω. a-°ƒ: tam-l\-Ip-am¿ (dn-´. sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn), {io-Ip-amc≥ \m-b¿ (Ir-jv-W tlm´¬), hn-a-e-Ip-am-cn (tI-cf bq-\n-th-gv-kn-‰n), km-_pIp-am¿ (F-Iv-kv k¿-hokv), kp-tc-jv Ip-am¿ (tIc-f bq-\n-th-gv-kn-‰n), te-JIp-am-cn, jo-e-Ip-am-cn (arK-kw-c-£-Ww). a-cp-a°ƒ: A-h-\o-{μ-Ip-am¿ (tIm¨-{K-kv A-Xn-b∂q¿ a-fi-ew {]-knU‚ v), Aw-_n-Im-tZ-hn, ao\mw-_n-I, A-\n-X, _n-μp, ]-tc-X-\m-b _m-e-N-{μ≥ \m-b¿, j¨-ap-J-kp-μ-cw.

t]m-Ø≥-tIm-Sv: hm-hw Nm-Wn-°¬ _n-Pp `-h\n¬ th-em-bp-[≥ \mb¿ (74). `m-cy: cm-[-Ω. a°ƒ: hn-t\m-Zv, Zo-], _nPp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-P, cm[m-Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b-¿, _n-\n-X.

I-√-º-ew: In-fn-am-\q¿ tªm-°v ]-©m-b-Øv {]kn-U‚ v Xm-Pp-±o≥ A-lΩ-Zn-s‚ k-tlm-Z-c-\pw I√-º-ew ]p-√q¿-ap-°v the≥-tIm-W-Øv ho-´n¬ A–p¬ l-°o-an-s‚ a-I-\pam-b ap-Po-_p-d-lv-am≥ (37). A-kp-J-sØ-Øp-S¿∂v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp∂p. hym-]m-cn hy-h-km-bn G-tIm-]-\ k-an-Xn F-Ivkn-Iyp-´o-hv Aw-Kw, \m-hmbn-°p-fw h-en-b-]-≈n ]cn-]m-e-\ I-Ωn-‰n-bw-Kw F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿Øn-®p-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. am-Xm-hv: e-Øo-^m _ohn. `m-cy: d-ko-\m _o-hn. a-°ƒ: A-en ap-l-Ω-Zv, sk-bv-Zv.

h-≈-°-S-hv: Pp-am-a-kvPn-Zv tdm-Un¬ d-kn-b a≥-kn-en¬ C-{_m-lnw ]n-≈ a-I≥ sk-bv-Z-en (41). `m-cy: P-ao-e. a°ƒ: ^¿-km-\, dp-Ivkm-\. h-≈-°-S-hv Pp-am a-kv-Pn¬ J-_-d-S-°n.

tIm-h-fw: N-∏m-Øv h-fhp-\-S Im-fn-hn-fm-I-Øv I-S-b-d ho-´n¬ kp-a-Xn-bΩ (54). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: cm-[-Ω (]-tc-X), cm-Lh≥ \m-b¿ (]-tc-X-≥), am-[-h≥ \m-b¿, hn-P-bΩ-]n-≈, _m-e-Ir-jvW≥ \m-b¿.

hn-izw-`-c³-

cm-L-h³ \m-bÀ

_m-_p tN¿-Ø-e: am-cm-cn-Ip-fw h-S-°v ]-©m-b-Øv \memw hm¿-Uv a-I-bn-cw (]≈n-°m-hv sh-fn ) ]-tc-X\m-b sN-√-∏-s‚ a-I≥ ]n sI _m-_p(53). -{_tZ-gv-kv e-°n sk‚-dn-s‚ D-S-a-bm-Wv. kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. am-Xm-hv: Ip-™n°p-´n. `m-cy: e-X. a-°ƒ: hn-jv-Wp-{]n-b, tZ-hn-{]nb.

G-en-¡p-«n Ip-a-fn: I-≠-Øn¬-]-dºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPmk-^n-s‚ `m-cy G-en-°p´n(83). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 9.30\v Ip-a-fn eq¿-Yv N¿-®v sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬. a-°ƒ:ta-cn-°p-´n, t{K-k-Ω, Hm-a-\, P-b, X¶-®≥. a-cp-a-°-ƒ:am-Xyp B-\n-°m-Sv, am-Xyp kn Fw, tP-°-∫v, jm-_psP-bnw-kv, ta-cn.

cm-L-h-Ip-dp-¸v ap-f-°p-g: πm-hv \n¬-°p∂-Xn¬ ]n cm-L-h-Ip-dp∏v(85). dn-´. D-tZym-K-ÿ\m-bn-cp-∂p. ap-f-°p-g K‘¿-h ap-‰w `-K-h-Xn t£-{Xw {]-kn-U‚ v, {io-hn-em-kw 141mw \º¿ F≥.-F-kv.F-kv. Ic-tbm-Kw {]-kn-U‚ v F∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿Øn-®n-´p-≠v.

Nm-t¡m tPm-k-^v C-Sp-°n: I-´-∏-\- h-≈nbmw-s]m-bv-I-bn¬ Nmt°m tPm-k-^v (72) . kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hnse 10 \v sk-‚ v tPm¿-Pv s^m-tdm-\ ]-≈n-bn¬. `m-cy: G-en-bm-Ω, Im©n-bm¿ ]-Ø-]-d-ºn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ-: jm-Pn, km-_p.

sXm-Sp-]p-g: ]m-d-∏p-g Im-®n-d-bn¬ hn-izw-`-c≥ (58)-. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hnse 10\p ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.`m-cy: N-{μ, A-cn°p-g ]p-c-°¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°-ƒ: kz-]v-\, tc-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-t\mPv,A-\o-jv.

]-´-W-°m-Sv: h-f-aw-K-ew I-´p-∏m-Sn-bn¬ cm-L-h≥ \m-b¿ (89). `m-cy: k-ckz-Xn A-Ω tNm-t\°¬. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-Ipμ≥ \m-b¿, Iu-am-cn AΩ, c-ta-i≥ \m-b¿( t\h¬ t_-bv-kv, sIm-®n) k-Xo-i≥ \m-b¿.

I-√-º-ew: tZ-io-b ]m-X-bn¬ \-S-∂ hm-l-\m-]-I-SØn¬ H-cmƒ a-cn-®p. Im-´p-]p-Xp-ti-cn s\-´-bw, D-≠∏m-d A-°-c-hn-f ho-´n¬ A-–p¬ hm-ln-Zn-s‚ a-I≥ A¬ A-ao≥ F-∂ jn-\p-j (30)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. sh≈n-bm-gv-N D-®-°v H-cp-a-Wn-tbm-sS I-√-º-ew P-Mv-j\n-em-Wv A-]-I-Sw. I-√º-ew `m-K-Øv \n-∂pw sIm--√w `m-K-tØ-°v t]mI-th _-kv kv-‰m‚n-\v kao-]w \n¿-Øn B-fn-d-°pI-bm-bn-cp-∂ sI.F-kv.B¿.Sn.kn _-kn-s\ a-dn I-S-°m≥ {i-an-°p-∂-Xn\n-sS \n-b-{¥-Ww sX-‰n tdm-Un-te-°v ho-W C-t±l-Øn-s‚ i-co-c-Øn-¬ ]n-∂n-eq-sS h--∂ tem-dn Ib-dp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. kw-`-h ÿ-e-Øv h-®p X-s∂ jn\p-jm a-cn-®p. Zp-ss_-bn¬ ss{U-h-dm-bn tPm-en sNøp-∂ jn-\p-jm H-cp-am-kw ap-ºm-Wv \m-´n-se-Øn-bXv. J-Zo-P-bm-Wv am-Xm-hv. `m-cy: A-Po-\. a-Iƒ: jn-lm\ ^m-Øn-a (c-≠v). ar-X-tZ-lw Im-´p-]p-Xp-ti-cn P-amA-Øn¬ J-_-d-S-°n.

I-¼n-th-en-bn \n-¶v tjm-t¡-äv ho-«-½ a-cn-¨p D-ssa-_m

A-Pn-Xm-_o-hn

P-b-{]-Im-iv

cm-a-N-{µ³

Ip-ª-½

hm-kp-tZ-h³ \m-bÀ

X-¦-½ tXm-a-kv

_m-e-cm-a-]p-cw: ]p-fn-aqSv ho-Sv ]-g-b-°-S-bn¬ Dssa-_m (61). am-Xm-hv: k^n-bm _o-hn. ]n-Xm-hv: ap-l-Ω-Zv I-Æv (]-tcX≥). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: d-ao-km _o-hn, ssa-Xo≥ I-Æv, j-lo-Zv. J-_-d-S-°w C∂v cm-hn-se G-gn-\v _me-cm-a-]p-cw Su¨ Pp-am a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

N-h-d: sIm-´p-Im-Sv B-ebn¬ h-S-°-Xn¬ (hm-Wnt»-cn¬)ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip™n-s‚ `m-cy A-Pn-Xm_o-hn(46). a-°ƒ: A-Pva¬, A-Pv-an-√.

N-h-d: s]m-∑-\ Im-thcn-bn¬ hn P-b-{]-Imiv(66˛-dn-´. sF.B¿.C). `m-cy: im-¥-Ω. a-°ƒ: P-b-{]-km-Zv, P-b-{]-`, Pb-{]-tam-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-cn-X, a-Wn-I-WvT≥.

N-h-d: s]m-∑-\ N-≈nØ-d h-S-°-Xn¬ cm-a-Irjv-W≥(78). `m-cy: I-cpWm-h-Xn. a-°ƒ: tk\≥, tk-\m-Yn cm-P≥, tk-Xp-\m-Yv, k-Xy≥, APn-X, jo-_, A-\n¬-Ipam¿, jm-Pn. Ko-X, tk-Xpe-£v-an, c-am-Ip-am-cn, kpPm-tZ-hn, cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥, cm-tP-{μ≥, tc-WpI, jo-P.

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: B-Zn\m-Sv Ip-t∂¬-ho-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b sIm-®p-am-tXcp-sS `m-cy Ip-™Ω(108). a-°ƒ: P-K-Z-Ω, hn-em-kn-\n, in-hm-\-μ≥. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: `m-kv-I-c≥, kp-Ip-am-c≥, kp-a-Xn.

h-S-bm¿: dn-´. sI.F-kv.C._n D-tZym-K-ÿ≥ aW-te¬ ]-d-ºn¬ hm-kptZ-h≥ \m-b¿ (90). `m-cy: ]-flm-h-Xn-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ω, P-K-Zo-iz-cn-bΩ, {]-k-∂-Ip-am¿, iym-af, Aw-_n-Im-tZ-hn, e-XmIp-am-cn, Kn-cn-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-a-Ir-jv-W ssI-aƒ, h-\-P, ]-c-ta-iz-c ]-Wn°¿, l-cn-Ip-am¿, a-[p-Ipam¿, hn-{I-a≥, ]-tc-X-\mb hn-izw-`-c≥-\m-b¿.

Xn-S-\m-Sv: ]-c-h-cm-I-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-t™-´s‚ `m-cy X-¶-Ω tXm-akv (88). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v Xn-S-\mSv sk-‚ v tPm-k-^v ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. C-S-a‰w tIm-´-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mKw. a-°ƒ: A-∏-®≥, eoem-Ω, -tPm-bn-°p-´n-Ip-´nb-Ω, Ip-´n-®≥, h-’-Ω, tPm-k-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tPm-bn-®≥, t_-_n-®≥, _m-_p, ]-tc-X-\m-b _m_p, eo-em-Ω, sk-en≥.

Nn-Zw-_-c³ tN¿-Ø-e: tN¿-Ø-e sX-°v ]-©m-b-Øv ]Ømw hm¿-Uv sIm-®p-shfn Nn-Zw-_-c≥ (67). kwkv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. am-Xmhv: Ku-cn. `m-cy: e-fn-X. a°ƒ: tkm-bq-kv, e-X.

tPm¬ hÀ-¤o-kv Ip-≠-d: F¬.-Fw.-Fkv. B-ip-]-{Xn-°v ]p-dIp-h-iw X-S-Øn-hn-f ]pØ≥-ho-´n¬ (ap-f-I-´¬ ]p-∂-hn-f) hn-c-an-® t]mÃv am-ÿ sIm-´m-c-°-c B-d≥-ap-f ]-≈n-h-S-°Xn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw tPm¨ h¿-§o-kv (82). kw-kv-Im-cw 10\v cm-hnse 10 \v Ip-≠-d sk‚ v tXm-a-kv Hm¿-ØtUm-Iv-kv h-en-b-]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: A-∂-Ω (hn-c-an-® A-[ym-]n-I, K-h. tKƒkv F-®v.-F-kv. sIm-´m-c°-c). a-°ƒ : Ip-cy≥ (shmt°-j-W¬ l-b¿-sk°-≥-U-dn A-kn. U-b-dŒ¿) jo-P (t`m-∏m¬), kp-P (I-c-hm-fq¿ ap-Øq‰v {_m-©v am-t\-P¿) a-cp-a-°ƒ : en-kn (F-Ivkn. F≥-Pn-\o-b¿ Irjn-h-Ip-∏v, sh¨-a-Wn), jm-Pn-tPm¨ (k¿°nƒ C≥-kv-s]-Œ¿, t]m-en-kv {S-bn-\n-Mv tIm-f-Pv, t`m-∏m¬), tXm-a-kv-Ip-´n (_n-kn-\ v I-c-hm-fq¿).

I-eym-Wn _-Zn-bS- p-°: \o¿-®m¬ a-√S- p-°b - n-se ]-tc-X\ - mb dn-´. F-kv.sF sI tIm-cs - ‚ `m-cy I-eymWn (85). a-°ƒ: c-ta-i≥ (aw-Ke - m]p-cw), sI {]-Im-iv (dn-´. Un-ssh.F-kv.]n), sI a\-tam-l\ - , sI in-hc - ma≥ (F.F-kv.sF {Sm^n-Iv tÃ-j≥, Im-k¿tIm-Uv), \m-Kt- h-Wn, Pb-e£ - va - n, Ko-Xm-Ip-am-cn, l¿-ie - X, ]-tc-X\ - m-b sI cm-PtKm-]m-e.

cm-a³ ]-ø-∂q¿: sh-≈q¿ ]-gb-sX-cp-hn-se F hn cma≥ (87). `-m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b sI hn \m-cm-bWn. a-°ƒ: Ir-jv-W≥ (dn-´. sk-{I-´-dn ]-ø-∂q¿ hoth-gv-kv skm-ssk-‰n), ]-tc-X-bm-b Kn-cn-P. a-cpa-°ƒ: ]p-jv-]-e-X (A[ym-]n-I), ]-tc-X-\m-b I-Æ≥.

k-tcm-Pw F-en-°p-fw: I-√q-]-dºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b _m-eIr-jv-W≥ \m-b-cp-sS `mcy Sn sP k-tcm-Pw (84). cm-a-]p-cw sIm-≠m-Sv Ipgp-∏-\m¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 11\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ: P-b-{io, kp-\¿-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-cn-Ipam¿, kp-te-J.

Kw-Km-[-c³

s]-cn-ß-Øq¿: In-S™n-bn-se a-S-h≥ Ip∂p-Ω¬ Kw-Km-[-c≥ aq-k-¡p-ªn-ap-{In (57). sam-{Km¬: P-\-Xm-Zƒ `m-cy: hn-im-em-£n. aF-kv Pn-√m ko-\n-b¿ °ƒ: an-\n, jn-Pn, jnssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v Sn \n, jnw-\. aq-k-°p-™n ap-{In (80). a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-te-jv, 16 h¿-j-tØm-fw ao-© tkmw-Pn-Øv, {]-ho¨, ]-©m-b-Øv Aw-K-am-bn- kp-\n¬Ip-am¿. cp-∂p.

cm-P³ _m-ep-t»-cn: ]-\© - n-cn B-Xn¬ cm-P≥ (51). `mcy: km-hn-{Xn. ]n-Xm-hv: Ipam-c≥. A-Ω: Nn-cp-X° - p´n. a-°ƒ: A-ºn-fn, APn¬.

hn-iz-\m-Y³ Xm-\q¿: tim-`∏ - d - º - v t£-{X-Øn-\p sX-°p-`mKw ap-≈Ø - v hn-iz-\m-Y≥ (58). `m-cy: I-eym-Wn.

A-½n-Wn

tXm-a-kv

I-a-em-£n

A-¶-½- tPm-k-^v-

ssl-am-h-Xn-b-½

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-Å

a-√-∏-≈n: Xp-cp-Øn-°m-´v hm-X-d ]-tc-X-\m-b ]n Fw Ip-dn-bm-t°m-kn-s‚ `m-cy A-Ωn-Wn(75). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v ap-∂n-\v sk‚ v tPm¨kv Iv-\m-\m-b ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]-tc-X It‰m-Sv a-\-°-∏-d-ºn¬ IpSpw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: tXm-a-kv Ip-´n, kmw-Ip-´n, Hm-a-\, an-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jo-\, an-\n, k-Æn, cm-Pp.

Xp-em-∏-≈n: h-´-∏m-d hm-g-bv-°m-∏m-d-bn¬ tXm-a-kv (sXm-Ω≥-˛68). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b tdm-kΩ sIm-√-ap-f Ip-∂-∏≈n¬. a-°ƒ: tkm-fn, kn-Pp, _n-kv-an, _n-_n≥. a-cp-a°ƒ:k-Pn, _n≥-kn, sP-dn≥.

Nn-d-bn≥-Io-gv: A-gq¿ hm-g-hn-fm-Iw ho-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-a-cp-hn-s‚ `m-cy I-a-em-£n (86). a°ƒ: _m-_p, kp-tZ-h≥, kp-[m-a-Wn, N-{μ-_m_p, D-j, kn-‘p. a-cp-a°ƒ: tZ-hn, Aw-_n-I, k-l-tZ-h≥, Kn-cn-P, aWn-I-WvT≥, {]-Xm-]≥.

Ip-≠-d: s]-cp-ºp-g ]p-\p°-∂q¿ sN-°-e-gn-I-Øv In-g-°-Xn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-√-∏≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `mcy ssl-am-h-Xn-b-Ω(84). a-°ƒ: c-Lp-\m-Y≥-]n≈-, c-am-`m-bn, hn-a-em-`mbn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ao-c, cm-Pohv, i-in-[-c≥-]n-≈.

Ip-≠-d: tIm-bn-°¬ ap-dn-bn¬ ]p-fn-¥-d°m-´n¬ ]-Sn-™m-‰Xn¬ tKm-]m-e-Ir-jvW-]n-≈(53). -kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v. `m-cy: h-k-¥-Ip-am-cn. a-I≥: k-\¬-Ip-am¿ (B¿-an).

sam-b-X v p lm-Pn s]-cn-ßØ - q¿: In-S™ nbn-se Xo-øØ - v I-Sh - Ø - v sam-bvX - p lm-Pn (72). `mcy: A-bn-jp. a-°ƒ: lmcn-kv (_-lvd - b - v≥), P-aoe.

C-cn-´n: hn-ft- °m-s´ Imcy-Øv Jm-Z¿ (60). `m-cy: ]n sI \-_o-kp. a-°ƒ: \n-km¿, km-Pn¿ (C-cp-hc - pw a-°), dn-bmkv (Kƒ-^v), P-eo¬, \hm-kv.

ap-°w: Iq-ºm-d a-Wn-ae-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm-k-^n-s‚ `m-cy a-dnbw tPm-k-^v (89). a°ƒ: ta-cn, A-eo-kv (]p-jv-]-Kn-cn en-‰n¬ -^vf-h¿ bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ A[ym-]n-I).

N-ß-\m-ti-cn-:- Xr-s°mSn-Øm-\w- N-°m-e-bn¬A-∏-®-s‚- `m-cy- A-∂-ΩtPm-k-^v- (79)-.- kw-kv-Imcw- \m-sf aq-∂n-\v- Xrs°m-Sn-Øm-\w- sIm-Sn\m-´pw-Ip-∂v- sk-‚ v- sk_m-kv-‰y-≥-kv- ]-≈n- skan-tØ-cn-bn¬.- A-d-hm°¬- Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv.a-°ƒ-:- F-’-Ω,- a-dn-bΩ,- Ip-©-∏-≥ (tXm-a-kv),- cm-Pp- (am-Xyp-),- t{K-kn°p-´n,- sd-Pn.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:tXm-a-kp-Ip-´n- sIm-gp-∏°-fw,- tPm-bn-®-≥ I-Æ≥-X-d,- t•m-dn- am-fn-tb°¬,- ta-gv-kn- Cu-´n°¬,- cm-Pp- a-Xn-®n-∏-dºn¬,- Ip-™p-tam-≥ tIm-bn-∏p-dw.-

sam-bv-Xp lm-Pn

Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n

\m-cm-b-W³-Ip-«n- ta-t\m³-

e-£v-a-W³

I-a-em-£n

tKm-]n-\m-Y³

Nm-h-°m-Sv: ªm-ßm-Sv Im-´n¬ h-en-b-I-Øv Im´n¬ sam-bv-Xp lm-Pn (sam-bv-Xp-Æn-Ip-´n-˛80). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 10 \v ªm-ßm-Sv Im´n¬ Pp-am-A-Øv ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°-ƒ: j-d-^p≤o≥, ap-l-ko≥ (C-cp-hcpw bp.-F.C) ap-Po-_, jm-ln-\, B-cn-^.

A-¥n-°m-Sv: ]-d-Øm´n¬ Ip-´m-∏p-hn-s‚ a-I≥ Ir-jv-a≥-Ip-´n (90). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v h-Sp-°-c-bn¬. `m-cy: eo-e. a-°ƒ: [¿-Ω-]me≥, l-cn-Zm-k≥, c-Xv-\m`m-bv, {]-k-∂. a-cp-a°ƒ: tIm-a-f, sj¿-fn, l-cn-Zm-kv, t{]-a-Zm-kv.

ap-°m-´p-I-c-:- h-S-t°-apS-h-°m-´n¬- \m-cm-bW≥-Ip-´n- ta-t\m≥- (79). kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v 2.30\p- ]m-d-ta-°m-hv im¥n-L-´n¬. `m-cy:- hm-Ibn¬- A-Ωp- (sI-.Fkv.C-._n- dn-´. D-tZym-Kkv-Y). a-°ƒ:- cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥(Pn-.Fw.-B¿- F-b¿t]m¿-´v, ssl-Z-cm-_mZv), \-μ-Ip-am¿- (]m-d-ta°m-hv tZ-h-kzw- ap≥- Akn-kv-‰-‚ v sk-{I-´-dn, \ntbm-en-Øv {]n-t‚-gv-kv DS-a), ]-tc-X-\m-b- cmw-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ:- c-P-\n, tc-J.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: \-¥n-°-c Icp-a-Øn¬ am-Wn-Iy-s‚ a-I≥ e-£-a-W≥ (54). k-w-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. `mcy: h¬-k-e. a-°ƒ: Acp¨-i-¶¿, hn-jv-Wp amWn-Iyw.

Im-´q¿: hm-e-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b th-em-bp-[≥ `m-cy I-a-em-£n (86). kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: lcn-Zm-kv, e-fn-X, _m-_p, tkm-a-Zm-kv, Hm-a-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: Cu-iz-cn, Po-\, APn-X, A-tim-I≥, ]-tc-X\m-b {]-`m-I-c≥.

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: Im-h-d \o¿-®m-en¬ ho-´n¬ tKm-]n-\m-Y≥ (78). `mcy: i-Ip-¥-f. a-°ƒ: Ko-X, A-ºn-fn, Ip-am¿ (A-_p-Zm-_n). acp-a-°ƒ: kp-[n (kuZn), A-tim-I≥, kp-PnX.

Nm-e-°p-Sn: ]-Sn-™m-sd Nm-e-°p-Sn am-ºn-≈n ]tc-X-\m-b ]u-tem-kns‚ `m-cy tdm-kn(95)-.kw-kv-°m-cw \-S-Øn.- a°ƒ: a-dn-bm-Ω,- ]-tc-Xcm-b tPm-bv,- am-Ø-®≥.a-cpa--°ƒ: -B-\n,-B-t‚m (-_n.-sP.-]n \yq-\-]-£ tam¿-® kw-ÿm-\ sshkv {]-kn-U‚ v).

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W³- \m-bÀ-

am-X F-S-b-∂q¿-: tIm-tøm-´paq-e-bn-se sI hn- am-X (75). `¿-Øm-hv-: Ip-am-c≥.- a°ƒ-: `-c-X≥,- `m-c-Xn,_m-_p.- k-tlm-Z-cn-: Pm\p.- -

Jm-ZÀ

cm-a-N-{µ-`-«v s]¿-f: hym-]m-cn hy-hkm-bn G-tIm-]-\ k-a-nXn s]¿-f bq-\n-‰v Aw-Khpw t_-°-dn D-S-bp-am-b s]¿-f-bn-se ]n cm-a-N-{μ`-´v (65). `m-cy: ]m¿-h-Xn. a-°ƒ: hn-P-b-e-£v-an, ho-W, k-c-kz-Xn, hn-Zy, hn-\-bv, in-h-Ip-am¿.

a-dn-bw tPm-k-^v

_n D-®n-Ir-jv-W-sâ Nn-{X-§Ä-¡p-f-f hn-e-¡v ]n³-h-en-¡-W-sa-¶-`yÀ-Yn-¨v s^-^v-I I-¯-b-¨p sIm-®n: kw-hn-[m-b-I-\pw s^^v-I P-\¬ sk-{I-´-dn-bp-am-b _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-s‚ Nn-{X߃ {]-Z¿-in-∏n-°p-∂-Xv hn-e°n-b \-S-]-Sn ]n≥-h-en-°-Wsa-∂-`y¿-Yn-®v F-Iv-kn-_n-t‰-gvkv s^-U-td-j-\v s^-^v-I IØ-b-®p. sa-bv 13\v sIm-®n-bn¬ tN¿∂ F-Iv-kn-_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-Utd-j≥ P-\-d¬ t_m-Un tbm-Kam-Wv _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-s‚ Nn{X-߃ {]-Z¿-in-∏n-t°-≠-Xns√-∂v Xo-cp-am-\n-®-Xv. F-Iv-kn_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-U-td-j≥ Hm-^nkn-s‚ D-Zv-Lm-S-\-®-S-ßn¬\n∂v Xm-c-kw-L-S-\-bpw \n¿-amXm-°-fpw hn-´p-\n-∂-Xv _n DÆn-Ir-jv-Ws‚ \n¿-tZ-i-{]-Imc-am-sW-∂ B-tcm-]-W-Øn-

s‚ Xp-S¿-®-bm-bn-´m-bn-cp-∂p \S-]-Sn. {]-iv-\-Øn¬ N¿-®bv-°ns√-∂v B-h¿-Øn-®p]-d-bp-Ibpw kmw-kv-Im-cn-I Iq-´m-bv-a kw-L-Sn-∏n-°p-sa-∂v {]-Jym-]n°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X s^-^v-I, \ne-]m-Sv am-‰n k-a-hm-b-Øn-\v {iaw Xp-S-ßn-b-Xn-s‚ `m-K-am-bmWv I-Ø-b-®-sX-∂m-Wv hn-hcw. B-tcm-]-Ww A-Sn-ÿm-\-cln-X-am-sW-∂pw A-`n-{]m-b kw-L-´-\w A-\m-h-iy-am-sW∂pw hy-‡-am-°n {]-kn-U‚ v kn-_n a-e-bn-em-Wv s^-U-tdj-\v I-Ø-b-®-Xv. kw-L-S-\bvs°-Xn-cm-b B-kq-{Xn-X \o-°am-Wv hn-hm-Z-߃. N-e-®n-{X sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS tZ-io-b t\Xm-hp-Iq-Sn-bm-b _n D-Æn-Ir-jv-

W-s\ hn-e-°n-b Xo-cp-am-\w ]n≥-h-en-°-W-sa-∂v I-Øn¬ A-`y¿-Yn-°p-∂p. A-tX-k-a-bw, hn-e-°n-s\Xntc {]-Jym-]n-® {]-Xn-tj-[ Iq-´m-bv-a s^-^v-I am-‰n-h-®-Xv H-Øp-Xo¿-∏pkm-[y-X ]-cn-KWn-®m-sW-∂m-Wv kq-N-\. I- s Ø- g p- X n- b - X p- s Im- ≠ v Xo-cp-∂-X-√ {]iv\-sa∂v F-Ivkn-_n-t‰-gv-kv s^-U-td-j≥ {]kn-U‚ v en-_¿-´n _-jo¿ ]-d™p. D-Æn-Ir-jv-W-\pw kn-_n a-e-bn-ep-a-S-°-ap-≈-h¿ B-Zyw s^-U-td-js‚ Hm-^n-kn-seØp-I-bm-Wv th-≠-Xv. ti-jw N¿-®-bn¬ Xo-cp-am-\-am-bm¬ am-{X-ta hn-e-°v ]n≥-h-en-°p∂-Xv ]-cn-K-Wn-°q-sh-∂pw _jo¿ ]-d-™p.

tZ-h-In-b-½ C-cn-´n: ao-Ø-se ]p-∂ms´ I-cn-¥ tZ-h-In-b-Ω (75)-. `¿-Øm-hv-: ]-tc-X\m-b th-tßm-S≥- Ip™n-°-Æ≥- \-ºym¿.- a°ƒ-: \m-cm-b-W≥,- iyma-f,- eo-e (sS-bv-e¿),- Dj (F¬-.sF.kn.- GP‚ v),- Ko-X (\-gv-kv-, [-\e-£v-an- B-ip-]-{Xn-, IÆq¿),- {]o-X.

am-[-hn C-cn-´n: Io-gv-∏-≈n-bn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-dp-tImSp-°-c Nm-Øp-hn-s‚ `mcy am-[-hn (90). a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-Wn, Ip™n-cm-a≥, cm-P≥, im¥, Nm-Øp, tKm-hn-μ≥, Im¿-Xym-b-\n, tam-l\≥, Pm-\-In.

tdm-kn

AÐp- A-kokv F-S-°mSv: \-Sm¬ Bdp-I-≠n-bn¬ A–p¬ A-ko-kv (48). am-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-bm-b _-Ø-bn¬ ssk-\_. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-™n, dwe.

A-co-t°m-Sv: In-gn-t»-cn ]p-√-t©-cn Hm-´p-]m-d-∏pd-Øv ho-´n¬ sI sI tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥- \mb¿ (tKm-] ˛68). `m-cy: ]-Xv-an-\n. a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, _n-tP-jv (Zp_-bv), tc-Wp. a-cp-a-Iƒ: c-Rv-Pn-a.

hÀ-Ko-kv ]p-Xp-∏-≈n: Ip-a-cw-tImSv: ssa-e-°m-´v Fw Sn h¿Ko-kv (Ip-™n-°-˛98). kw-kv-Im-c-w C-∂v aq-∂n\v a-W¿-Im-Sv sk‚ v tacn-kv bm-t°m-_m-b kpdn-bm-\n I-Øo-{U¬ ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: A-∂-Ω, Nm-∂m-\n°m-Sv I-cp-am-¶¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b tXm-a-kv (tPm-bn), ]-tc-X-\m-b h¿-Ko-kv (cm-Pp), A-∂-Ω (Ip™q-™-Ω), kq-k-Ω (km-en-°p-´n), tIm-c (_m-_p-Pn-˛ l-hm-\m {Kq-∏v, A-_q-Z_n), Iam≥-U¿ D-Xp-∏v Fw h¿Ko-kv (Fw.-Un. A¬-k-d^m {Kq-∏v bp.-F.-C, {Ko≥ sse≥ sS-Iv-Ãbn¬-kv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-dn-bm-Ω X-db-Øv ]m-ºm-Sn, Ip-™ptamƒ s\-Spw-Ip-f-Øv sIm-®p-s]m-bv-I-bn¬, sIm-´m-c-°-c, ]-tc-X-\mb kv-I-dn-b ]p-Ø≥-]-dºn¬ Io-®m¬, sF-∏v πm-°n¬ I-Sp-∏n¬, tXm´-bv-°m-Sv, kq-k-Ω ]pØ≥-]p-c-bv-°¬, sIm´m-c-°-c, kq-k≥ Im-cmh-≈n¬ a-™-\n-°-c (tIm¿-Wo-jv tlm-kv-]n‰¬, A-_q--Z-_n).

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: I-√q¿ ]-®-fn-]p-d-Øv I-ºn-th-en-bn¬ \n-∂v tjm-t°-‰v ho-´-Ω a-cn-®p. `¿-Øm-hn-\pw t]-c°p-´n-°pw ]-cn-°v. ]-®-fn∏p-dw ssI-am-]-d-ºn¬ Ip-am-c-s‚ `m-cy Im¿-Xymb-\n-(52)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Ip-am-c-\pw a-I-fp-sS aI≥ `-hn-\-pw tjm-t°-‰n´p-≠v. C-∂-se ssh-Io´m-Wv k-w-`-hw. k-ao-]sØ ]-d-ºn¬ Im¿-jnIm-h-iy-Øn-\m-bn h-en® ssh-Zyp-Xn I-W-£s‚ C-cp-ºv t_m-Iv-kv sXm-´-Sp-Ø I-ºn th-en-bn-te°v sN-ºv I-ºn sIm-≠v h-en-®p sI-´n-bn-cp-∂p. C-Xph-gn ssh-Zyp-Xn {]-h-ln-®-Xm-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn-\v Im-cWw. a-°ƒ: _n-\o-jv, an-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: an-\n, _n-Pp.

s]m-Å-te-äv Nn-InÂ-k-bn-en-cp-¶ hr-² a-cn-¨p

N-h-d: s]m-≈-te-‰v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ hr-≤ acn-®p. N-h-d sN-dp-t»-cn `m-Kw Zo-]m-`-h-\n¬ Pm-\Ω(83)-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw cm-hn-se Ip-fnap-dn-bn¬ C-h-sc s]m-≈-te-‰ \n-e-bn¬ Im-W-s∏-SpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-S≥ X-s∂ Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-seØn-s®-¶n-epw a-cn-®p. N-h-d t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

]n©p-_m-enI ]-\n- _m-[n-¨v a-cn-¨p h-≠n-Øm-h-fw: ]-\nsb Xp-S¿-∂v A-Xym-k∂ \n-e-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ H∂-ch-b- p-Im-cn a-cn-®p. ]-´-t©-cn am-tßm-Sv A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-s‚ a-Iƒ A¿-jn-X-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. am-Xm-hv: {]-Pn-X. k-tlmZ-c≥: A¿-j≥.

tem-dn Im-dn-en-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

lcn-∏m-Sv: Xr-°p-∂∏pf tXm-´∏-≈n tdm-Un¬ ]m\q¿ P-Mv-j-\n¬ tem-dn Im-dn-en-Sn®v bp-hm-hv a-cn®p. Xp-emw-]d-ºv hS-°v A-\p-k-Z-\-Øn¬ tKm-]m-e-IrIm-™-ßm-Sv: dn-´. ]jv-W-∏-Wn-°-cp-sS a-I≥ A-\p (28) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. ©m-b-Øv Po-h-\-°mC∂-se ssh-Io-´v G-tgm-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-ISw. cm-hnc≥ tIm-´-t®-cn Ip-∂pho-´n¬ \n-∂v kn.-kn-bp-sS ]-Ww A-S-bv-°m-\m-bn Ω¬ aq-f≥-ho-´n¬ Ir-jv- se C-d-ßn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p A\p. am-Xmhv: jm-em-Ω (A-¶W≥ (77). `m-cy: \m-cmW-hm-Sn Po-h-\-°m-cn). b-Wn. a-°ƒ: cm-P≥, th-Wp (C-cp-h-cpw Kƒ-^v), kp[, kn-‘p (A-¶W-hmSn So-®¿, \n-´-Sp-°w), kp-\n¬, ]-tc-X-bm-b esIm-√w: {]-k-h-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v bp-h-Xn a-cn-®p. X. A-[n-Ir-X-cp-sS A-\m-ÿ-bm-Wv a-c-W-Im-c-Wa-cp-a-°ƒ: e-fn-X, tc-J, sa-∂m-tcm-]n-®v _-‘p-°ƒ B-ip-]-{Xn D-]-tcmIp-™n-cm-a≥, tam-l[n-®-Xv kw-L¿-j-Øn-\n-S-bm-°n. A-©¬ k¿\≥ (^n-j-do-kv a-t©°m¿ B-ip-]-{Xn-bnse Xm¬-°m-en-I \-gviz-cw), kp-Nn-{X. kmb C-S-bv-°n-Sw \-S-ta¬-ap-°v sX-t°-hn-f ho´n¬ k-Po-hn-s‚ `m-cy \b-\(22)bm-Wv acn-®-Xv. kw`- h - s Ø- ° p- d n®v t]m-en-kv ]-d-bp-∂-Xv: hym-gm-gv-N cm-hn-se \-b\-sb _-‘p-°ƒ Ip-≠d-bn-se F¬.Fw.F-kv. B- i p- ] - { Xn- b nseØn®p. cm-{Xn 10.30-Hm-sS s]¨-Ip-´n-°v P-∑w-\-¬-In. C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® tZ-h-In A-½ 1.30-Hm-sS c-‡-{km-h-hpw c-‡-k-Ω¿-±-hpw A-anI-√-d: Im-´p-]p-dw kp-[o X-am-sW∂v Bip-]{Xn A[n-Ir-X¿ Adn-bn-®k-Z-\-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tXmsS _-‘p-°ƒ \b-\sb ta-h-d-sØ kzin-h-i-¶-c-]n-≈-bp-sS `mIm-cy sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶ncy tZ-h-In A-Ω (72). aepw a-cn-°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p. °ƒ: kp-[o, Pn-jv-Wp-IpK¿-`-[m-c-Ww- ap-X¬ \-b-\-sb ip-{iq-jn-®am¿, P-b-{io, {io-P-b. aXv F¬.Fw.F-kv. B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-em-Wv. B-ipcp-a-°ƒ: {io-I-e, kn]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X-cp-sS A-\m-ÿbm-Wv a‘p, i-in-[-c≥ \m-b¿ cWØn-\n-S-bm°n-b-sX-∂m-tcm-]n-®v _-‘p-°(]-tc-X≥), tam-l-\≥ fpw \m-´p-Im-cpw C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11Hm-sS B-ip\m-b¿. ]-{Xn D-]-tcm-[n-®p. dq-d¬ Un-ssh.F-kv.]n. Fw sI kp¬-^n-°-dn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep≈ t]map-Ip-µ³ ]m-∏n-\n-t»-cn: ]m-∏n-\nen-kv _-‘p-°-fpw B-ip-]-{Xn A-[n-Ir-X-cp-amt»-cn sh-Ãv I-cn-°≥-Ipbn \S-Ønb N¿®sb XpS¿∂mWv 12Hm-sS P\f-Øn-\p k-ao-]w sIm-S°q´w ]ncn-™p-t]m-bXv. em-{º-Øv ap-Ip-μ≥ (70). ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw sa-Un-°¬ `m-cy: {io-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: tIm-f-Pn¬ t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\m-bn sIm-≠pkn-Pn, {]n-b. k-tlm-Z-ct]m-bn. J-Ø-dn-ep≈ `¿-Øm-hv k-Po-hv C-∂v ߃: I-eym-Wn, _m\m-´n-se-Øn-b-ti-jw kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-°pw. Ipe≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-L≠-d t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp. h≥.

Ir-jv-W³

{]-k-h-ti-jw bp-h-Xn a-cn-¨p; B-ip-]-{Xn-bn kw-LÀ-jw

bp-h-Xn-sb sIme-s¸-Sp¯n Nm¡n sI«nb kw`hw; NnInÂk-bn-epÅ Im-ap-I³ \n-co-£-W-¯n ]m-e-°m-Sv: bph-Xnsb sImes∏-SpØn Ip-g¬-a-μ-Øn-\-SpØv Nn-X-en-bnse tdm-U-cn-In¬ Nm-°n¬-sI-´n-b \n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn-b kw-`-hØn¬ ImapI≥ t]menkv \nco-£WØn¬. Xr-iq¿ a-Æq-Øn ]q-®-´n kz-tZ-in A-\n¬-Ip-am¿ (35) BWv t]m-en-kv \n-co-£-WØn-ep-≈-Xv. C-bmƒ s\-©p-thZ-\-sb-Øp-S¿-∂v Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬k-bn-em-Wv. Xr-iq¿ a-Æq-Øn ]q-®-´n-bn¬ hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ Xm-akn-°p-∂ en-kn F-∂ ssj\n(50)bm-Wv sIm-√-s∏-´-Xv. kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v t]m-enkv ]-d-bp-∂-Xv: ap-ºv c-≠p hn-hm-

lw sNbvX en-kn- Ip-d-®p-\m-fmbn ]q-®-´n-bn-se hm-S-I-ho-´n¬ A-\n¬-Ip-am(35)dns\m-∏-am-Wv Xm-a-kn-®p-h-∂Xv. A-\n¬-Ipam-dm-Wv hm-S-I-ho-Sv F-Sp-Øp-\¬In-b-Xv. en-kn-bp-sS B-Zyhnhm-l-Øn-epw c-≠mw hn-hm-lØn-epw aq-∂p-Ip-´n-Iƒ ho-X-ap≠v. B-Zy`¿-Øm-hv a-cn®p. c≠mw `¿-Øm-hv D-t]-£n®pt]mbn. A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-\pw `m-cy-bpw Ip-´n-I-fp-ap-≠v. A-Sp-Ø Im-e-Øm-bn en-knbpw A-\n¬-Ip-am-dpw X-Ωn¬ ÿn-c-am-bn h-g-°p-≠m-Ip-am-bncp-∂p. en-kn-bp-sS c-≠mw hn-hml-Øn-se a-I-fm-b 17Im-cn-bpam-bn A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-\p-≈ _-

‘-sØ-s®m-√n-bm-bn-cp-∂p h-g°v. Xr-iq-cn-se kv-Iq-fn¬ π-kv Sp hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-b Cu Ip-´n en-kn-tbm-sSm-∏-am-Wv Xm-a-kn®n-cp-∂-Xv. I-gn-™ c-≠n\v h-g°p-≠m-Ip-I-bpw A-\nens‚ a¿±-\-ta‰v en-kn a-cn-°p-I-bpambn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿-∂v ar-X-tZ-lw Nm-°n-em-°n Ip-g¬-a-μw Nn-Xen-bn¬ D-t]-£n-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw Nm-°n-em-°m≥ a-‰p-≈-h-cp-sS k-lm-bw e-`n-®n-´p-t≠m F-∂v A-t\z-jn-®p-h-cpI-bm-sW-∂v Ip-g¬-a-μw F-kv.sF sI Pn cho-{μ≥ ]-d-™p. A-\n¬-Ip-amdn-s\- tNm-Zyw sN-bv-Xm-te Iq-SpX¬ hn-h-c-߃ e-`y-am-Iq. ar-XtZ-lw I-S-Øm≥ D-]-tbm-Kn-s®-

∂p I-cp-Xp-∂ A-\n¬-Ip-am-dns‚ \m-t\m Im¿ hn-øq¿ t]menkv I-Ã-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øp-. s]¨-Ip-´nbpsS samgn-bnemWv A-\n¬-Ip-am-dn-s‚ ]-¶v sh-fn-s∏-´-Xv. kw-`-h-k-a-b-Øv Ip-´n kv-Iq-fn¬ t]m-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ Ip-´n-bp-sS sam-gn-I-fnse ssh-cp-[yw t]m-en-kn-s\ Ip-g-°p-∂p-≠v. t]m-en-kv A-t\z-jn-°p-∂Xm-bn t_m-[y-s∏-´ A-\n¬-Ipam-¿ C-∂-se s\-©p-th-Z-\-sbØp-S¿-∂v Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ A-Uv-an-‰m-bn´p-≠v. H-√q¿, hn-øq¿, Ip-g¬-a-μw t]m-en-kv kw-bp-‡-am-bm-Wv tI-kv A-t\z-jn-°p-∂-Xv.

ar-X-fXn-∏-t-dZ--ºlv:wap-Xn-tØ-cn-S¨-Ø-dn-v ª p ssl-kv-

Iq-fn-\v kao]-sØ sI-´n-SØ - n-¬ I-gn-™Zn-h-kw I-s≠-Øn-b arX-tZ-lw Xncn-®d - n-™p. h-fs - s° A-Sn-®n-°m-a-e-bn-se \m-cm-bW\mWv acn-®Xv. \n-ch - [ - n tam-jW-t°-kp-I-fn-se {]-Xn-bmWnbmsf∂v t]menkv ]d™p. A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv. I-Æq¿ k_v P-bn-en-¬ \n∂v tamNn-X\ - m-b tijw X-fn-∏d - º - n¬ ]-gb - km-[\-߃ s]-dp-°n -hn-‰m-Wv Po-hn®n-cp-∂X - v. ar-Xt- Z-lw G-s‰-Sp-°m≥ _‘p-°ƒ X-øm-dm-bn-´n-√.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn sN-dp-]p-g: Xn-cp-ta-\n {]m-s∏mbn-en-se ]n hn Ip-™n-cma(55)s\-bm-Wv C-∂-se ]p-e¿s® ho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn. . s]-cn-tßmw t]m-en-kv ar-X-tZ-lw C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn. `m-cy: h¬-k-e. a-°ƒ: ku-ay, c-Pn-X.

Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2014-06-07  

Thejas Epaper obit edition. 2014-06-07