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thÀ-]mSv

KOCHI

06 Pq¨ 2014 sh≈n

a-kv-¡-än lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw aq-ew a-cn-¨p

B-\n

tU-hn-Uv

tPm-k-^v

ssa-Xo³ Ip-ªv

a-½p

Ip-am-c³

hn-im-em-£n

tZ-h-kn Nm-t¡m

Nn-d-°¬: ]-≈n-∏-dºn¬ tdm-_¿-´v `m-cy B\n(55). kw-kv-Im-cw \-SØn. a-°ƒ:I-hn-X,I-t\jv. a-cp-a-I≥: jn-_p.

tXm-∏pw-]-Sn: sh¬-s^b¿ tdm-Un¬ am-bw-ap-dnbn¬ ho-´n¬ tU-hnUv(75). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-Ign-™p 2\v t^m¿-´psIm-®n sk‚ v ]o-t‰-gvkv B‚ v sk‚ v t]mƒkv Hm¿-Ø-tUm-Iv-kv ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: a-dn-bm-Ω. a°ƒ:A-e-Iv-kv, ^n-en∏v.a-cp-a-°ƒ:do-P,in¬].

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: A-√-{] tXm-´-∏m-S≥ tPm-k^v(84).]n.U-_yp.Un tIm¨-{Sm-Œ¿. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p cm-hn-se 9\v Xpcp-Øn-πn sk‚ v ta-co-kv h-en-b ]-≈n sk-an-tØcn-bn¬. `m-cy:]-tc-X-bm-b Nn-c-∏pdw a-dn-bm-Ω. a-°ƒ:ta-cn,t_-_n(ap≥ ]-©m-b-Øw-Kw),_m_p.a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-{¥tbm-kv Ip-dn-®n-a-ebn¬.Pn¬-tamƒ A-d-bv°¬(_-Xv-km-Z ]-ªn-Iv kv-Iqƒ,sh-tßm-e),Fen-k-_-Øv(do-\) I-Wnbmw-]-d-ºn¬.sk‚ v taco-kv ]-ªn-Iv kv-Iqƒ Xpcp-Øn-πn.

tIm-X-aw-K-ew:C-c-a-√q¿ ]p-Xo-°-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b tIm-bm≥-lm-Pn-bpsS a-I≥ ssa-Xo≥ Ip™v(60). `m-cy: sN-dp-h´q¿ aw-K-e-Øv Ip-Spw_mw-Kw kp-ss_-Z.a°ƒ: tIm-bm≥, I_o¿,d-jo-\.a-cp-a-°ƒ: jw-e,k-Pn-\n,kpss_¿. J-_-d-S-°w \-SØn.

sIm-®-ßm-Sn: sN-bvtØ-∏-≈n-°p ap≥-h-iw X-td-]-d-ºn¬ a-Ωp(95). J-_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn. Zo¿-L-Im-ew ]-Sn-™mtd-∏-≈n,B-ep-h A–p¬ k-Øm¿ lm-Pn aq-k tk-´v ]-≈n F-∂nhn-S-ß-fn¬ tk-h-\-a-\p„n-®n-´p-≠v. a-°ƒ:_ohn, ]-tc-X-bm-b B-an\,C-kv-am-bn¬(ku-Zn A-td-_y(,bm-°q-_v, kp-l-d,J-Zo-P,A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lwk, bq-kp-^v, ^u-knb,d-ko-\,ap-l-Ω-Zv(Ip™p-tam≥),\u-jm-Zv, t_-\-ko¿.

Im-™n-c-a-‰w:Ip-e-b-‰n°-c s\-Sp-t¥m-´n¬ Ipam-c≥(65). `m-cy: im-¥. a-°ƒ:hn-Pp,_n-μp. a-cp-a°ƒ: an-\n,Pm-Zp.

I-√-d: a-lm-tZ-h¿ ]-® N-cp-hn-f ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b P-\m¿-Z-\-s‚ `m-cy hn-im-em-£n (84). a°ƒ: cm-[, eo-e, cm-P≥ (I-√-d am¿-Øm-fi≥), km-º-≥, Hm-a-\, kp-tc{μ-\m-Yv, c-hn, a-[p-P-\m¿Z-\≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-Wp, ]-tc-X-\m-b iin-[-c≥, ]p-jv-]-h-√n, cmP-e-X, {]-k-∂≥, jo-e, kn-‘p, I-hn-X.

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿:{Sm-h≥Iq¿ d-tbm¨-kv dn-´.Poh-\-°m-c-\pw hn-ap-‡ `S-\p-am-b tIm-S-\m-Sv ]oSn-tb-°-]m-d tZ-h-kn Nm-t°m(74). kw-kv-Icmw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 11\v tIm-S-\m-Sv sk‚ v B‚Wo-kv ]-≈n sk-an-tØcn-bn¬. `m-cy: {io-aq-e-\-K-cw Im®-∏n-≈n Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw kn-kn-en. a-°ƒ:Unw]nƒ(A-Uz-°-‰v,s]-cpºm-hq¿),knw-]nƒ(Zp_m-bv),Pnw-]nƒ(a-kv-I‰v),am¿-´n≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-Uz.s\¬-k≥, kntPm,tSmw.

D-½À-tIm-b ]-≈p-cp-Øn:A-[n-Im-cnh-f-∏v dn-eo-^v sk-‰n¬sa‚n-se A-t¥-hm-knbm-bn-cp-∂ D-Ω¿-tImb(70). F-d-Wm-Ip-fw P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p.

i-in-I-e -Ip-am-cn ]m-∏-\w-tIm-Sv: πm-¶m-eap-°v hn.F-kv `-h-\n¬ hn-P-b-Ip-am-dn-s‚ `m-cy i-in-I-e Ip-am-cn (40).

A-_q-_-¡À sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿: Ip∂n¬ kn-dm-Pp¬ D-epw a-Zv-d-k-°v k-ao-]-sØ sI A-_q-_-°¿ (66) `m-cy: \-_o-k.

I-a-e-½ sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: ]p-fn-amØv hn-P-bm a≥-kn-en¬ kp-Ip-am-c-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy I-a-e-Ω (76). a°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am-cn, hnP-b-Ip-am-cn, hn-iz-{]-`, hn-iz-e-X.

A-¸p-¡p-«³ \m-bÀ Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: t]mØ≥-tIm-Sv A-bn-cq-∏m-d Xn-∏-en-t°m-Ww {io-`-h\n¬ Sn sI A-∏p-°p-´≥ \m-b¿ (93). `m-cy: Ir-jvW-Ω. a-°ƒ: P-b-Ip-am-cn, Kn-cnP-Ip-am-cn, Ko-X-Ip-am-cn, A-Pn-X-Ip-am-cn, l-cn-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-Lp-\mY≥ \m-b¿, ap-c-fo-[-c≥ \m-b¿ (Ip-≠-d), ap-c-fo[-c≥ \m-b¿, kn-‘p-Ipam-cn.

X-¦½B-eØ - q¿: _m-¶v tdmUv ]-cp-h° - ¬ ]-tc-X\ - mb s]m-∂p-hn-s‚ `m-cy X¶-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: I-ae - w, ]-tc-X\ - m-b cm-a≥-Ip-´n.

]p-∂-bq¿-°p-fw: s]-cn-b-º-ew am-\-ho-bw tdm-Un¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX-°q-´v k-l-tZ-h≥ a-I≥ s]m-t∂mØv tem-ln-Xm-£≥ (58) a-kv-°-‰n¬ lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw aq-ew a-cn-®p. I-gn-™ sNm-Δm-gv-® cm-hn-se Xm-a-kÿ-e-Øv \n-∂v tPm-en ÿ-e-tØ-°v t]m-Ip-∂-Xn-\nsS A-kz-kv-X-X A-\p-`-h-s∏-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-S≥ X-s∂ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c£n-°m-\m-bn-√. H-cp am-kw ap-ºm-Wv \m-´n¬ h-∂v aS-ßn-b-Xv. kw-kv-°m-cw: sh-≈n-bm-gv-® cm-hn-se 9 aWn-°v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-°pw. am-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-Ωm-fp. `m-cy: \-μn-\n. a-°ƒ: Xr-]v-Xn, kv-t\-l (hnZym¿-Yn) . a-cp-a-I≥: B-Z¿-iv.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n sIm-c-«n kz-tZ-in a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: tN¿-Ø-e-bn-ep-≠m-b hm-l-\m-]-I-SØn¬ sIm-c-´n kz-tZ-in a-cn-®p. -Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p-∂v ]mem-´n ]u-tem-kn-s‚ a-I≥ sk-_n(46)-bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv.- hym-gm-gv-N ]p-e¿-s® aq∂n\v tN¿-Ø-e-bn-se ]-´-W-°m-Sv h-®m-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw.- Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p∂n¬ \n-∂pw tIm-gn-bp-ambn t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p tIm-gn h-≠n a-s‰m-cp h≠n-sb a-dn-I-S-°p-∂-Xn-\nsS tSm-d- n¬ C-Sn-®m-Wv A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-b-Xv.- `m-cy: em-en.- a-°ƒ: A-eo-\(-tZio-b kv-Iqƒ _m-kv-°-‰v t_mƒ Xm-cw),- sk-do-\.

\n-b-{´-Ww hn« temdn C-Sn¨v kv-Iq-«À bm-{Xn-I a-cn-¨p Bâ-Wn

a-¯m-bn hÀ-Ko-kv

`m-c-Xn

B-kn-b

sslZÀ

X-¦-¸³

k-tcm-Pn-\n

ku-Zm-an-\n-b-½

sIm-®n: sIm-®n≥ dnss^-\-do-kn¬ D-tZymK-ÿ-\m-bn-cp-∂ ]-®mfw I-√q¿ ho-´n¬ sI Sn B‚-Wn (85). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D®I-gn-™v aq-∂-c-bv-°v Nm-Xym-Øv au-≠v Im¿-a¬ ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬ `m-cy: h-Sp-X-e C-√n-∏d-ºn¬ F¬-kn. a-°ƒ: sI F Xn-tbm, sI F A-K-Ãn≥ (No^v B¿-´n-Ãv, sa-s{Sm hm¿-Ø, sIm-®n), tUm. sI F B‚Wn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: do-\, sP≥-kn, s_-kn.

A-¶-am-en: I-dp-Ip-‰n F-S°p-∂v X-øn¬ a-Øm-bn h¿-Ko-kv (68). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-Xn-cn-™v 4\v F-S-°p-∂v sk‚ v B‚Wo-kv ]-≈n-bn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b t{X-kym-Ω (Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p-∂v πm-t»-cn ]-√≥ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw). a°ƒ: tPm-kv, ta-cn, Pn-Pn, jm-Pn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssj\n (F¬-sF-kn G-P‚ v A-¶-am-en), tk-hy¿ (Im™q¿), sk-_n, hn-Pn.

ssh-∏n≥ : ]-≈n-∏p-dw ]p-g-°-tc-S-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b am-[-h-s‚ `m-cy `mc-Xn (89). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 8 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ : I-a-e, h-’, hnZy≥, A-tim-I≥, _mlp-te-b≥, hm-k-¥n. Ir-]≥, in-h≥, ssj-e, do-P, sF-j, ]-tc-X-\mb ]p-cp-j≥.

I-eq¿: A-tim-I tdmUn¬ H-go-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `mcy B-kn-b(79). a-°ƒ: ^m-Øn-a,\-Zo-d, d-jo-Zv, a-\m-^v, d-^o-Jv(am-[yaw, Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw), ]-tc-X-\m-b C-{_m-lnwIp-´n. a-cp-a-°ƒ:ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip™v, ]-tc-X-\m-b lk≥, sse-e, ap-ssk_,\n-j.

Nmh°mSv: ]p∂ s]mdmSØv aplΩZns‚ aI≥ sslZ¿ (65). I_dS°w sh≈nbmg® ]p∂ Ppam AØv ]≈n I_dÿm\n¬. `m-cy: Ban\p.a°ƒ:apwXmkv, ap\o¿, ap_mdIv, ap\nd acpa°ƒ: Ajd^v, Bcn^v, Akv-\, jmlnZ.

N-h-d: a-S-∏-≈n Ip-f-ß-c ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ X-¶-∏≥(89). `m-cy: tKm-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: X-¶-Ω, kp-tc-{μ≥, k-c-k-Ω, c-ho-{μ≥, ]-tcX-bm-b cm-P-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥, e-X, sI sP i-in-[-c≥, {io-eX, ]-tc-X-\m-b k-Zm-\μ≥.

im-kv-Xmw-tIm-´: ]-Sn™m-td-I-√-S sF-tØm´p-hm t]-cn-b-gn-I-Øv(F°w-ho-Sv)]-tc-X-\m-b kZm-in-h-s‚ `m-cy k-tcmPn-\n(90). a-°ƒ: im-¥-Ip-am-cn, AΩn-Wn, s]m-∂-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ≥, cm-[mIr-jv-W≥.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sN-dnb-sIm-Æn a-W-ºq-cv Aiz-Xn `-h-\n¬ ku-Zm-an\n-b-Ω (65). k-tlm-Zc≥: _n c-ho-{μ≥ \mb¿.

kp-l-d l-Öp-½

I-eym-Wn A-½

k-tcm-Pn-\n-b-½

I-g-°q-´w: I-g-°q-´w Ipan-gn-°-c jo-Pm `-h-\n¬ A-\n¬-Ip-am¿. `m-cy: Hma-\. a-°ƒ: jo-P, jo-_. a-cpa-I≥: k-Xn.

e-fn-X

ao-\m-£n-b-½

In-fn-am-\q¿: Xp-≠n¬°-S jo-em `-h-\n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]n sI k-Zmin-h-s‚ `m-cy e-fn-X (77).

\-K-cq¿: tXm-´-bv-°m-Sv tIm-W-Øv ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b {io-[c-°p-dp-∏n-s‚ `m-cy ao\m-£n-b-Ω (78).

C-cn-°q¿: Iq-cm-cn ]p-Xnb-]p-c- sam-bn-e-Øv ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX-°pºm-Øv ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `mcy ]n Fw kp-l-d l÷p-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: jp°q¿ (td-j≥ Uo-e¿, Ccn-°q¿), A-–¬ -d-kmJv, lp-k-bv≥ lm-Pn.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: D-Zn-\q-cnse ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-cam-cm-dp-sS `m-cy hn hn Ieym-Wn A-Ω (87). a°ƒ: _m-_p-cm-Pv, ]fln-\n, t_-_n Kn-cn-P. acp-a-°ƒ: kp-{]-`, ]-tcX-\m-b {io-[-c-am-cm¿.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]-d-ºpap-°n¬ cm-L-h-hn-em-kØn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-Lh≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy sI k-tcm-Pn-\n-b-Ω (78).

A-\nÂ-Ip-amÀ

k-Xo-tZ-hn B-cy-\m-Sv: tIm-´-bv-°Iw t]-gpw-I-´-bv-°m¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sSbn-e¿ kp-μ-tc-i-s‚ `mcy k-Xo-tZ-hn (80). a°ƒ: kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, ]tc-X-\m-b k-t¥m-jv-Ipam¿, km-_p, k-Pn, kpj-a, kp-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]ao-f, {io-tZ-hn, ko-a, Bi, A-tim-I≥, lm-jnw. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hnse 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

Nm-e-°p-Sn: kv-Iq-´-dn¬ tSm-d-kv tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v kv-Iq´¿ bm-{Xn-I a-cn-®p.- t\m¿-Øv Nm-e-°p-Sn ]-≈n-°v kao-]w In-g-°q-´v ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-c-s‚ a-Iƒ e-£v-an Ip-dp-∏v(52)-B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v 4.30-HmsS ]-\-ºn-≈n tIm-f-Pn-\v k-ao-]w ]m-∏m-fn PMv-j\n¬ h-®m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-ISw.- C-h¿ k-©-cn-®n-cp-∂ kv-Iq-´-dn¬ \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-´ tSm-d- v tem-dn C-Sn®m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw.- t]\m-{º-bn-se kz-Im-cy {Ij-d¿ Po-h-\-°m-cn-bm-bncp-∂p.- kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v aq∂n\v \-K-c-k-` {In-an-t‰m-dn-b-Øn¬. -AΩ: h-≈n-b-Ω.- k-tlm-Z-cn: -]m¿-Δ-Xn.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n ]-cn-t¡-äv Nn-In-Õ-bn-en-cp-¶ bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: A-⁄m-X hm-l-\-an-Sn-®v ]-cn-t°-‰v NnIn-’-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p.- Nm-e-°p-Sn h-St°-S-Øv kp-tc-jv _m-_p-hn-s‚ a-I≥ B-en-Øv(22)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.- {I-k‚ v kv-Iq-fn-\v k-ao-]w I-gn-™ P-\p-h-cn 27-\m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw.- Xp-S¿-∂v sh-√q¿ B-ip-]-{Xn Nn-In-’-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p.-

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n a-cn-¨p

tPmÀ-Pv tXm-a-kv

ti-J-c³

Ìo-^³

am-Xyp Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

k®n-tXm-a-kv

Nmt¡m

Cu¸³

Nm-¡p-®n

Xn-S-\m-Sv: tIm-°m-´v tPm¿-Pv tXm-a-kv (tIm-°mS≥ ˛58). kw-kv-Im-cw \msf cm-hn-se 10.30 \v I∏m-Sv am¿-«o-hm-]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: eu-en, Im-fsI-´n Im-°-√n¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: Nn-∂p ( ku-Zn), Nm-cp.

Nm-h-°m-Sv-: H-cp-a-\-bq¿ hn-√yw-kv- ta-∏p-d-Øv- tiJ-c≥(69). `m-cy: hn-tim-Zc. a-°ƒ: ko-a, iymwem¬, tkm-Wn-tamƒ. acp-a-I≥: _m-_p-cm-Pv (JØ¿).

D-g-hq¿: B-\m-en¬ F sI Ão-^≥(F-Ø-s°m®v ˛85). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n∂o-Sv. `m-cy: Nn-∂-Ω, Ab¿-°p-∂w ]q-th-en¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: tPm-bn, jo-e (C-cp-h-cpw bp.F-kv.F), k-Æn (tem-°¬ sk-{I-´-dn kn.]n.sF D-g-hq¿). a-cpa-°ƒ: a-dn-bm-Ω, kn-knen, tXm-a-kv.

X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv: X-e∏m-d ]m-e-®p-h-´n¬ amXyp-Ip-cym-t°m-kv (Ip´n-t®-´≥ ˛84). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 2.30 \v X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv ]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv X-øn¬ t{X-kym-Ω. a°ƒ:tPm-bn, kn-kn-‰¿ kn-kn-en, a-dn-bm-Ω, k-Pn, cm-Pp, tXm-a-kv, X-¶-®≥, tSm-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ:^n-en-∏v, tagv-kn, do-\, Ip-™ptamƒ, sIm-®p-dm-Wn, Zo-]. ]-tc-X-bm-b h¬k-Ω.

a√∏≈n: ]m-e-°m-aÆnem-b Iq-S-Øpw-ap-dnbn¬ kÆn-tPm-a-kv(55). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf sshIo´v 2.30\v a-Wn-a-e Xn-cplr-Z-b-]-≈n-bn¬. `mcy: B≥-kn(]n.F-®v.kn. a°-∏pg). a-Wn-a-e Ip-Snbn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. a°ƒ: k-®n≥, km\n.

Xn-cph√: Nm-ض-cn aWn-bm-∏-d-ºnem-b I-cpam-Sn-®n-d-bn¬ sI kn Nmt°m (67). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂oSv. `mcy: B\n. a°ƒ: _n\p, _n-Pp,knt\mkv. a-cp-a°ƒ: sP n, Pn≥kn, tPm-tamƒ.

Xn-cph√: tIm-bn{]w sN-º-\m¬ tbm-l∂m≥ Cu-∏≥ (84). kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 11.30\v tIm-bn{]w sk‚ v ]o-t‰-gv-kv ae-¶c I-tØm-en-° ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: Ip™-Ω. a°ƒ: s]m∂-Ω, kqkn, ]-tcX\m-b Ip-™p-tam≥. acp-a°ƒ: cmP≥, km_p.

I√n-ticn: I√n-ti-cn No-c≥-kv ho-´n¬ kn sF Nm-°p-Æn(83). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v ap-∂n-\v D-a-bm-‰p-I-c sk‚ v tXma-kv Hm¿ØtUm-Iv-kv h-enb ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: am¿-Ø(t_-_n). Ip-∂Ip-fw Ip-Øq¿ Ip-Spw_mw-K-amWv. a-°ƒ: P∂n(B-kv-t{X-enb), s_‰vkn, tkm^n. a-cpa°ƒ: Ip-cy≥ tPm¨(B-kv-t{Xenb), A-\n¬ sN√m´v, tImin.

X-¦-a-Wn-b-½ Im-´m-°-S: I-≈n-°m-Sv s]-cn-™mw-I-S-hv e-£van \n-e-b-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-™p-Ir-jv-W-]n≈-bp-sS `m-cy X-¶-a-Wnb-Ω (75). a-°ƒ: kp-\n¬ Ip-am¿, {io-e-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-PnX-Ip-am-cn, am-[-h≥-Ip-´n \m-b¿.

B-bn-im-_n sN-dp-h-Æq¿: tIm-´-em-S ]-tc-X-\m-b ta-S-∏-d-ºn¬ sk-bv-Xm-en-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-im-_n (66). a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ \-Po-_v, A-_vZp¬ hm-ln-Zv (C-cp-h-cpw _n-kn-\-kv), kp-l-dm_n, k-°o-\, sj-l¿_m-\p, k-^n-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: tIm-b (A-c-°nW¿), a-Po-Zv (bp.F.C), jw-kp-±o≥.

_m-e-Ir-j-vW-¡p-dp-¸v Ip-‰ym-Sn: N-ß-cw-Ip-fw bp.]n kv-Iqƒ dn-´. A[ym-]-I≥ F-S-Øn-°≠n _m-e-Ir-jv-W-°p-dp∏v (85). `m-cy: hn-P-b-e£v-an.

Ip-ª-½-Zv hm-Wn-ta¬: sN-∂m-´v Ip-™-Ω-Zv (95). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: Ip-™-–p-√, aq , sam-bv-Xp, B-en-lk≥, l-eo-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xp, ]mØp, k-^n-b, B-bn-i, dm-_n-b.

`m-kv-¡-c³ F-S-∏m-ƒ: h-t∂-cn sNdm-bn¬ kn sI `m-kv-°c≥ (67). X-´m≥ k¿-hokv skm-ssk-‰n F-S∏mƒ bq-\n-‰v c-£m-[nIm-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: c-a-Wn. a-°ƒ: e¬-kn, c-Rv-Pn-X, c-ay. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-tP-jv (JØ¿), c-ta-iv.-

sN-dn-bm³ ]-´n-°m-Sv: Ip-dp-a-‰-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]u-tem-kv a-I≥ sN-dn-bm≥(63). `m-cy: t{K-kn. a-°ƒ: t•m-dn, tKm-Uv-en.

]mt¯ma ap≠-°¬: ]md-t∏ßm´v ]mtØma (70) . a°ƒ: tam\p-±o≥, ^mØna.

I-f-a-t»-cn: N-ß-ºp-g \-K¿ ]-fl-\n-hm-kn¬ hn-P-bIp-am-cn(72)hm-l-\m-]-I-S-Øn¬ a-cn-®p. D-tZym-K-afi¬ ^m-Œn¬-\n-∂p hn-c-an-® ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-[m-Irjv-W-s‚ `m-cy-bm-Wv. K-h¨-sa‚ v ssl-kv-Iqƒ dn´.A-[ym-]n-I-bm-Wv. I-f-at»-cn N-ß-ºp-g \-K-dn-s‚ {]-[m-\ I-hm-S-Øn-\p-k-ao]w tdm-Uv Ip-dp-sI I-S-∂t∏mƒ C-∂-se cm-hn-se 10.50\v Hm-t´m-dn-£ C-Sn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-]-ISw D-≠m-b D-S≥ k-ao-]sØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw a-cn®p.a-°ƒ: A-\n¬-cm-[mIr-jv-W≥,A-P-bv-Ip-am¿, A-Rv-P-\.a-cp-a-°ƒ:{]o-Xn,k-_n-X,c-ta-iv. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 11\v Xr-∏q-Wn-Øp-d iv-a-im-\-Øn¬.

a-[y-h-b-kv-I-s\ ho-«n a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn I-s−-¯n

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: a-[y-h-b-kv-I-s\ ho-´n¬ a-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn. s]-cp-ºm-hq¿ Im-™n-c-°m-Sv sdbn≥-t_m hn-√-bn¬ Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ A-d-°-]-d-ºn¬ ho-´n¬ X-ºn F-∂v hn-fn-°p-∂ B‚-Wn (65) s\-bmWv ho-´n¬ a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Im-W-s∏-´-Xv. Iq-\-Ωm-hv kz-tZ-in-bm-b B‚-Wn Kƒ-^n-se tPm-en-a-Xn-bm-°n s]-cp-ºm-hq-cn¬ Xm-a-kn-®v h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ip-Spw_w _mw-•q-cn-em-Wv X-m-a-kw. C-bmƒ ho-´n¬ X-\n®m-Wv Xm-a-kn-®v h-∂n-cp-∂-Xv. lr-Z-bm-Lm-X-am-Wv ac-W-Im-c-W-sa-∂v s]m-eo-kv kw-i-bn-°p-∂p. t]m-kv‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-j-ta Iq-Sp-X¬ hn-h-c-߃ \¬Im-\m-Iq-sh-∂v s]m-eo-kv ]-d-™p. s]m-eo-kv ta¬\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®v ar-X-tZ-lw s]-cp-ºm-hq¿ Xmeq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-¬ kq-£n-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. C∂v t]m-kv-‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw kz-tZ-itØ-°v sIm-≠p-t]m-Ipw.

Sn-¸À tem-dn a-dn-ªp Im-Wm-Xm-b _w-KmÄ kz-tZ-in-bp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw I-s−-¯n tdm-Uv ap-dn-¨p I-S-¡p-¶-Xn-\n-S-bn Hm-t«mdn-£ C-Sn-¨p hr-² a-cn-¨p

ap-l-½-Zv C-kv-am-bnÂ

\-S-cm-P³ B-Nm-cn

hÂ-k-e

Im-™n-c-∏-≈n : P-am-AsØ C-kv-em-an ap≥ {]-tZin-I A-ao-dpw dn-´-tb¿-Uv A-[ym-]-I-\p-am-b X-e-∏≈n-bn¬ Sn ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv Ckv-am-bn¬ lm-Pn (69). J_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn.- `m-cy: sse-e. ta-Ø-cp-ho-´n¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw. a-°-ƒ: kn-dmPv,\-Pv-an(F≥.-F-®v.-bp.-]n.F-kv Im-™n-c-∏-≈n), apl-Ω-Zv \-Zo¿ (sI.-F-kv.C._n I-f-a-t»-cn), ap-l-ΩZv A-kv-ew (C-¥y≥ Fw-_kn kv-Iqƒ ^p-ssP-d) A\o-kv, ssk-\-_p (Ãm-^v \-gv-kv ku-Zn). a-cp-a-°-ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ I-cow (am-[y-aw _n-kn-\-kv F-Iv-kn-Iyq-´nhv) a-kq-Zv (ku-Zn) , j-lo\, sj-an, ^u-kn, P-kn-b.

B-e-∏p-g: hn-Zym-`ym-k h-Ip-∏v dn-´. Po-h-\-°mc≥ hm-S-bv-°¬ sF-izcy-bn¬ \-S-cm-P≥ B-Nmcn (76). `m-cy: I-\-I-Ω. a°ƒ: tkm-a-cm-P≥, k\¬-Ip-am¿, kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿ (aq-h-cpw Kƒ-^v), kPn, dm-Wn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: joP, an-\n, tc-Wp-I, l-cnIp-am¿. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-°v 12\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: sN-ßm-eq¿ ]-d-ºn-°m-´n¬ cm-a-Ir-jvW≥ `m-cy h¬-k-e(65). kw-kv-Im-cw sh-≈n-bm-gv® ssh-Io-´v B-dn-\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: c-P-\n, A-ºn-fn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kptc-jv, i-in.

_m-_p N-ß-¶-cn: \m-ep-]p-c-bv°¬ _m-_p sI -B¿ (54). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: Hm-a-\. a-°ƒ: _n-¶p, A-\p, Nn-∏n. a-cp-aI≥: {io-Pn-Øv .

h-ln-X Nm-e-°p-Sn: Ip-‰n-°m-Sv Iq¿-°-a-‰w dn-´.- sI.-Fkv.-C.-_n. -Po-h-\-°m-c≥ Np-¶-Øp-]-d-ºn¬ A-_vZpƒ P-∫m-dn-s‚ `m-cy hln-X(53).- kw-kv-°m-cw sh-≈n-bm-gv-N cm-hn-se Hº-Xn-\v sIm-sºm-Sn-™ma-°¬ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬. a-°ƒ: -sP-\o-j,- dw-kn.a-cp-a-°ƒ: j-^v-\,- jp°q¿.

A-¶-½-

ta-Kn A-¥n-°mSv: ]p-Ø≥]oSn-I I-cp-Xp-Ip-f-ßc t]m-fn-s‚ `m-cy taKn(68). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 11\v ]pØ≥-]oSn-I sk‚ v. B‚-Wo-kv ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: jmPp, tjm_n, eo-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: kn-Pn, Umen, _m-kv-‰n≥.

tZ-h-Inap-l-Ω: ]-´-W-°m-Sv sNdp-am-´p-sh-fn-bn¬ tZ-h-In (78). a-°ƒ: tc-h-Ω, kp-[¿-a, kp-j-a, ]-tc-X-\m-b _m_p.

C-Sp-°n-: hm-g-tØm-∏v ]c-Ø-\m¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm-k-^n-s‚ `m-cy A∂-Ω-(81). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 10-\v hm-gtØm-∏v sk-‚ v tPm¿-Pv I-Øo-{U¬ ]-≈n-bn¬. a-°ƒ-: sk-_m-kv-‰y≥, kn-kv-‰¿ h-μ-\-(F-kv.-Fkv.-]n.-F-kv sIm¬-°Ø),A-K-kv-‰y≥-(dn-´.sl-Uv-am-kv-‰¿), ^m. tPm-kv ]-c-Ø-\m¬-(kn.Fw.-kn.-sF), B≥-k-Ω(Im¬-h-cn kv-Iqƒ Im¬h-cn-au-≠v), ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm¿-Pv. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: t{Kkn ]o-Sn-I-a-e-, tdm-kn-en a-e-am-°¬, cm-P≥ h¿Ko-kv(dn-´. ]-©m-b-Øv sk-{I-´-dn).

bp-h-Xn sh-t«-äp a-cn-¨ tIkv: hn-e-¡p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn-¨v "KÀ-`-{io-am³' Xn-tb-ä-dp-I-fn-te-¡v `À-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-³ A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sI.sP s{]m-U-£≥-kn-s‚ _m-\dn¬ {]-i-kv-X Om-bm-{Km-lI≥ A-\n¬ tKm-]n-\m-Yv kwhn-[m-\w sNøp∂ K¿-`-{ioam≥ -hn-e-°p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn®v Xntb-‰-dp-I-fn-te-°v. ]p-cpj≥ K¿-`w [-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂{]ta-b-Øn¬ \n¿an-°p∂ Nn{X-Øn-¬ kp-cm-Pv sh-™m-d-aqSv BWv \m-b-I≥. C-tX B-i-b-w Dƒ-s°m-≠v kn-\n-a-sbm-cp-°m≥ {i-an-®n-cp∂ kp-[o-jvIp-am¿ K¿-`-{io-ams‚ Xn-c-°-Ybv-°v X-s‚ I-Ybp-am-bn km-ay-ap-s≠-∂v Btcm-]n-®v s^-^v-I-sbbpw s{]m-Uyq-tk-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j-s\-bpw k-ao-]n-®n-cp-∂p.

B-tcm-]-W-Øn¬ I-g-ºn-s√∂-Xn-\m¬ A-h¿ ]-cm-Xn X≈n-. Xp-S¿-∂v kp-[o-jv Pn-√m tIm-S-Xn-sb- k-ao-]n-®p. Xn-c°-Y-Iƒ c-≠pw ]-cn-tim-[n-®v km-ay-an-s√-∂v tIm-S-Xn hn-ebn-cp-Øn. Xp-S¿-∂v kn-\n-a-bpsS dn-eo-kn-Mv X-S-bm≥ sslt°m-S-Xn-sb k-ao-]n-®v tà hm-ßn. F-∂m-¬, Pn-√m tIm-SXn-°v A-©p-e-£w cq-] _m-¶v Kym-c‚n \¬-In Nn-{Xw dn-eo-kv sN-øm≥ ssl-t°m-S-Xn D-Øhn-´p. hm¿- Ø m- k - t Ω- f - \ - Ø n¬ kw-hn-[m-b-I≥ A-\n¬ tKm]n-\m-Yv, Xn-c-°-Ym-Ir-Øv kph-N≥, \-Sn Ku-cn-Ir-jv-W ]s¶-Sp-Øp.

I-bv-]-aw-K-ew (Xriq¿): Im-fap-dn-bn¬ bp-h-Xn sh-t´-‰p a-cn® tIkn¬ `¿-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-≥ A-d-Ãn¬. ]-≈n-∏-d-ºn¬ C-kvam-Cu¬(40) B-Wv A-d-Ãn-emb-Xv. k-tlm-Z-c≥ C-kv-lm-Jen-bp-sS `m-cy Pm-kv-an-\m(38)Wv C-kv-am-Cuen-s‚ sh-t´-‰v acn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw cm-hnse H-º-tXm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. H-fn-hn¬t]m-b {]-Xn sIm-Sp-ß√q¿ t]m-en-kn¬ Io-g-S-ßp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kn.sF sI sP ]o‰-dpw kw-L-hpw C-bm-fp-sS A-dÃv tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn. {]-Xn-bpw sIm-√-s∏-´ Pm-kvan-\pw \m-fp-I-fm-bn X¿°-Ønem-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-\nsS th-en sI-´p-∂-Xn-\n-sS s]-s´-∂p-≠m-

C-kv-am-Cu¬ b X¿-°-am-Wv sIme-bn¬ Iem-in-®-sX-∂pw {]-Xn t]m-enkn-t\m-Sp k-Ω-Xn-®p. th-en sI´m\m-bn X-dn-Iƒ sh-´m≥ I-cpXn-b I-ØnsIm≠mWv {]-Xn Pmkvans\ IpØn-b-Xv.

aq-hm-‰p-]p-g: am-\m-dn ]m-d-a-S-bn-te-°v Sn-∏¿ tem-dn adn-™p Im-Wm-Xm-b _w-Kmƒ kz-tZ-in-bp-sS ar-XtZ-lw I-s≠-Øn. sIm¬-°-Ø kz-tZ-in sk-bvZp¬(24)s‚ ar-X-tZ-l-am-Wv C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s®-h-sc \o-≠ Xn-c-®n-en¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. _m-_p aq-hm-‰p-]p-g ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kn-s‚ kv-Iq-_m So-apw sN-dp-tXm-Wn-: a-cn-bm-]pcw Ip-f-Øn-\m¬ _m-_p B-ep-h-bn¬ \n-s∂-Øn-b ap-߬ hn-Z-Kv-[-cpw kwbp-‡-am-bn \-S-Øn-b Xn-c-®n-en¬ ]p-e¿-s® 2.45HmtXm-a-kv(64) . kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v aqsS ar-X-tZ-lw I-c-s°-Sp-Ø-Xv. tem-dn a-dn-™ ÿ∂n-\v a-cn-bm-]p-cw sk-‚ v e-Øp-\n-∂m-Wv ap-߬ hn-Z-Kv-[¿ ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠ta-cn-kv tZ-hm-e-b-Øn¬. Øn-b-Xv. aq-hm-‰p-]p-g P-\.B-i-p-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv`m-cy-: sk-en≥ tPm-k-^v ‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ sh-≈n-emw-I-≠w s]-cn{^o-k-dn¬ kq-£n-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. b-Øv Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw.- a_p-[-\m-gv-N D-®-I-gn-™v 3.15\m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I°-ƒ-: tPm-_n, Pn-_n, Sw. am-\m-dn ]m-d-a-S-bn-se ln-‰m-®n-bp-sS k-lm-bnsse-_n. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: _nbm-b sk-bv-Zp¬ a-g-s]-bv-X-t∏mƒ k-ao-]-Øp-In-SPp Ip-Ø-\m-]n-≈n¬, ∂ Sn-∏¿ tem-dn-bn¬ I-b-dn-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. _n-Pn hm-g-∏-\m-Sn-bn¬. tem-dn D-cp-≠v \q-d-Sn Xm-gv-N-bn¬ sh-≈w \n-d-™pIn-S-°p-∂ ]m-d-a-S-bn-te-°v a-dn-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ip-ª-Ðp-à Ip-‰ym-Sn: ss]-°-f-ßm-Sn ssh-Io-t´m-sS tem-dn s{I-bn≥ D-]-tbm-Kn-®p I-c-°pa-W-°-c A-Ω-Zv-ap-kveym- I-b-‰n-sb-¶n-epw sk-bv-Zp-en-s\ I-s≠-Øm-\m-bn-√. cp-sS a-I≥ Ip-™-–p-√ a-Wn-°q-dp-Iƒ \o-≠ Zp-jv-I-c-am-b Xn-c-®n-en-em-Wv (44). `m-cy: sk-bv-\. aI-√p-Iƒ \n-d-™ ]m-d-a-S-bn¬-\n-∂pw ar-X-tZ-lw I°ƒ: a-bn-Pp-_, ap-^o-Z, s≠-Sp-°m-\m-b-Xv. an≥-lm-Pv, k-l-e.

20 e-£-¯n-sâ kzÀ-Ww ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn I-cn-∏q¿: F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-®p-I-S-Øn-b 20 e-£-Øn-s‚ 699 {Kmw kz¿-Ww F-b¿ I-Ãw-kv C‚-en-P≥-kv ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn. C-∂-se tZm-l-bn¬-\n-∂v F-b¿C-¥ym F-Iv-kv-{]- v hnam-\-Øn¬ I-cn-∏q-cn-se-Øn-b sIm-Sp-h-≈n h-en-b-]-d-ºv ap-lΩ-Zv a≥-kq-dn(32)¬- \n-∂m-Wp Ch ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n-\p-≈nse _m-‰-dn-bp-sS ÿm-\-Øv 24 I- j - W - ß - f m- ° n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p kz¿-W-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. F-Ivkv-td ]-cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ kw-ibwtXm-∂n A-[n-Ir-X¿ ]-cntim-[n-®-t∏m-gm-Wp kz-¿-Ww Is≠-Øn-b-Xv.

sIm-®n: tdm-Uv ap-dn-®p I-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ Hm-t´m dn-£ C-Sn-®p hr-≤ a-cn-®p. C-S-∏-f-fn kz-tZ-in-\n hn-Pb-Ip-am-cn(72)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11 HmsS C-S-∏-f-fn N-ß-ºp-g ]m¿-°n-\v k-ao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ hn-P-b-Ip-am-cn-sb D-S≥ X-s∂ k-ao-]-sØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m≥ I-gn-™n-√.

Im-Wm-Xm-b aÂ-ky-sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw I-s−-¯n

ssh-∏n≥: a¬-ky- _-‘-\-Øn-\n-sS ^n-jnw-Kv t_m´n¬ \n-∂pw I-S-en¬ sX-dn-®v ho-Wv Im-Wm-Xm-b a¬ky-sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Øn.]-≈n-∏pdw am-Wn-_-km¿ I-f-ß-c tPm¨(53)s‚ ar-X-tZ-l-amWv C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v B-e-∏p-g tXm-´-∏n-≈n `m-K-Øv I-S-en¬ sh-®v I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. I-gn-™ 30 \v cm-hn-se s]m-∂m-\n `m-K-Øv a¬-ky-_-‘-\-Øn-\n-sS- I-S-en¬ sX-dn-®v ho-Wm-Wv tPm-Wn-s\- Im-Wm-Xm-b-Xv. ar-X-tZlw C-t∏mƒ B-e-∏p-g sa-Un-°¬-tIm-tf-Pv B-ip-]{Xn-bn-te-°v am-‰n. -I-gn-™ 28 \v cm-{Xn ap-\-ºw Xp-d-apJ-Øv \n-∂pw a-¬-ky-_-‘-\-Øn-\v t]m-b a-™p-amX F-∂ t_m-´n-se sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-Wv tPm¨.-ap-\-ºw ]-S-am-´p-Ω¬ hn-\o-jn-t‚-Xm-Wv t_m-´v.-

sI.F-kv.C._n. Km-Uv-KnÂ: tIm¬-{K-Ên-\pw IcmÀ Po-h-\-¡m-c³ kn.]n.F-½n-\pw \n-e-]m-Sv t¡-äp a-cn-¨p B-e-Øq¿: sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂am-tä-−-Xm-bn h-cpw: ]n Sn tXm-a-kv tjmXn-\n-sS sI.F-kv.C._n. I-cm¿ B-ep-h: Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´ns\ F-Xn¿-°p-∂ \n-e-]m-Sn¬ \n-∂p kn.]n.Fw., tIm¨-{K-kv Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈ ap-Jym-[m-cm cm{„o-b ]m¿-´n-Iƒ-°v C-∂-s√¶n¬ \m-sf ]n-∑m-td-≠n-h-cp-sa∂v ap≥ Fw.]n. ]n Sn tXm-a-kv. B-ep-h ]-cn-ÿn-Xn kw-c-£W-kw-L-Øn-s‚ `q-anan-{X ]p-ckv-Im-cw P-Ãn-kv sI kp-Ip-am-c\n¬ \n-∂v G-‰p-hm-ßn kw-kmcn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ F∂pw F-Xn¿-°p-∂-h-sc N-cn{Xw N-h‰p-Ip´-bn-te-°p X-≈psa-∂ Im-cy-Øn¬ kw-i-bw th≠. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ A-

\p-Iq-en-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cn¬ h-f-sctb-sd {]-bm-k-߃ hy-‡n-]c-am-bn X-\n-°p t\-cn-tS-≠n-hs∂-¶n-epw C-Xn¬ Zp-xJ-an-√. ]›n-a-L-´-a-e-\n-c-Iƒ C-t∏mƒ kw-c-£n-°m≥ I-gn-™n-s√¶n¬ ]n-∂o-Sv H-cn-°-epw I-gn-bn√. C-Sp-°n-bpƒ-s∏-sS G-Xm\pw Pn-√-I-fn-se I¿-j-I-sc _m-[n-°p-∂ {]-iv-\-߃ am-{Xam-bn C-Xn-s\ ]-cn-an-X-s∏-SpØ-cp-sX∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d™p. N-S-ßn¬ A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv Fw.F¬.F., Nn-∂≥ sI ss]\m-S-Øv, kn B¿ \o-e-I-WvT≥, C-kv-abn¬ kw-km-cn-®p.

Po-h-\-°m-c≥ tjm-t°-‰p a-cn®p. B-eØq¿ _m-¶vtdm-Uv ]-d-°p∂w c-¶-s‚ aI≥ Ip-©pth-e≥ (42) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. F-cn-a-bq¿ tXm-´p-]me-sØ- k-ao-]-sØ t]m-kv-‰n¬ sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bmWv kw-`-hw. D-S≥ B-e-Øq-cnse B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw a-c-n-®p. `m-cy: kp-kv-an-X. a-°ƒ: B-cy, A-Jn-e, A-RvP\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ir-jv-W≥.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

ap-l-½-Zv C-kv-am-bnÂ

\-S-cm-P³ B-Nm-cn

hÂ-k-e

Im-™n-c-∏-≈n : P-am-AsØ C-kv-em-an ap≥ {]-tZin-I A-ao-dpw dn-´-tb¿-Uv A-[ym-]-I-\p-am-b X-e-∏≈n-bn¬ Sn ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv Ckv-am-bn¬ lm-Pn (69). J_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn.- `m-cy: sse-e. ta-Ø-cp-ho-´n¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw. a-°-ƒ: kn-dmPv,\-Pv-an(F≥.-F-®v.-bp.-]n.F-kv Im-™n-c-∏-≈n), apl-Ω-Zv \-Zo¿ (sI.-F-kv.C._n I-f-a-t»-cn), ap-l-ΩZv A-kv-ew (C-¥y≥ Fw-_kn kv-Iqƒ ^p-ssP-d) A\o-kv, ssk-\-_p (Ãm-^v \-gv-kv ku-Zn). a-cp-a-°-ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ I-cow (am-[y-aw _n-kn-\-kv F-Iv-kn-Iyq-´nhv) a-kq-Zv (ku-Zn) , j-lo\, sj-an, ^u-kn, P-kn-b.

B-e-∏p-g: hn-Zym-`ym-k h-Ip-∏v dn-´. Po-h-\-°mc≥ hm-S-bv-°¬ sF-izcy-bn¬ \-S-cm-P≥ B-Nmcn (76). `m-cy: I-\-I-Ω. a°ƒ: tkm-a-cm-P≥, k\¬-Ip-am¿, kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿ (aq-h-cpw Kƒ-^v), kPn, dm-Wn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: joP, an-\n, tc-Wp-I, l-cnIp-am¿. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-°v 12\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: sN-ßm-eq¿ ]-d-ºn-°m-´n¬ cm-a-Ir-jvW≥ `m-cy h¬-k-e(65). kw-kv-Im-cw sh-≈n-bm-gv® ssh-Io-´v B-dn-\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: c-P-\n, A-ºn-fn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kptc-jv, i-in.

_m-_p

N-ß-¶-cn: \m-ep-]p-c-bv°¬ _m-_p sI -B¿ (54). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: Hm-a-\. a-°ƒ: _n-¶p, A-\p, Nn-∏n. a-cp-aI≥: {io-Pn-Øv .

th-em-bp-[³ A-ßm-Sn-∏p-dw: tZ-isØ X-´m≥ F-∂-dn-bs∏-´n-cp-∂ A-ßm-Sn-∏pdw ap-Xp-h-d-]-d-ºn¬ them-bp-[≥ (95). `m-cy: ]mdp-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: _m-eIr-jv-W≥, k-c-kz-Xn, P\m¿-±-\≥, kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿, N-{μn-I, cm-P≥, A\n¬-Ip-am¿, cm-tP-jv.

tZ-h-Inap-l-Ω: ]-´-W-°m-Sv sNdp-am-´p-sh-fn-bn¬ tZ-h-In (78). a-°ƒ: tc-h-Ω, kp-[¿-a, kp-j-a, ]-tc-X-\m-b _m_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-Xy-{hX≥, F≥ X-¶-∏≥ (ap-lΩ km-aq-ln-Im-tcm-Ky tI-{μw), P-b-em¬.

Ip-ªm-bn-i ]-∂n-t°m-´q¿: tIm-tdmØp-Ip-∂p-Ω¬ ]-tc-X\m-b a-Ωp-hn-s‚ `m-cy Ip-™m-bn-i (83). a°ƒ: A-–p-¿d-lvam≥, B-en, A-–p¬ A-kokv, B-bn-i, k-^n-b, ssk-\-_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_q-_-°¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, tIm-b-°p-´n.

A-¶-½-

_m-_p

C-Sp-°n-: hm-g-tØm-∏v ]c-Ø-\m¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm-k-^n-s‚ `m-cy A∂-Ω-(81). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 10-\v hm-gtØm-∏v sk-‚ v tPm¿-Pv I-Øo-{U¬ ]-≈n-bn¬. a-°ƒ-: sk-_m-kv-‰y≥, kn-kv-‰¿ h-μ-\-(F-kv.-Fkv.-]n.-F-kv sIm¬-°Ø),A-K-kv-‰y≥-(dn-´.sl-Uv-am-kv-‰¿), ^m. tPm-kv ]-c-Ø-\m¬-(kn.Fw.-kn.-sF), B≥-k-Ω(Im¬-h-cn kv-Iqƒ Im¬h-cn-au-≠v), ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm¿-Pv. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: t{Kkn ]o-Sn-I-a-e-, tdm-kn-en a-e-am-°¬, cm-P≥ h¿Ko-kv(dn-´. ]-©m-b-Øv sk-{I-´-dn).

sN-dp-tXm-Wn-: a-cn-bm-]pcw Ip-f-Øn-\m¬ _m-_p tXm-a-kv(64) . kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v aq∂n-\v a-cn-bm-]p-cw sk-‚ v ta-cn-kv tZ-hm-e-b-Øn¬. `m-cy-: sk-en≥ tPm-k-^v sh-≈n-emw-I-≠w s]-cnb-Øv Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw.- a°-ƒ-: tPm-_n, Pn-_n, sse-_n. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: _nPp Ip-Ø-\m-]n-≈n¬, _n-Pn hm-g-∏-\m-Sn-bn¬.

06 Pq¨ 2014 sh≈n

bp-hm-hn-s\ tXm-«n a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn I-s−-¯n

i-in-[-c³-

aq-e-a-‰w-: dn-´. sI-Fkv-C-t_m-¿-Uv D-tZymK-kv-Y≥- - In-g-t°-awK-e-Øv i-in-[-c≥- Iøm-e-]-d-ºn¬ (65). kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v D®-°v c-≠n-\p ho-´p-hf-∏n¬ . `m-cy- th-ßp¿- Im™n-en-]-Sn-™m-sdho-´n¬- P-e-P-Ip-am-cn-. a-°ƒ-: i-c-Xv Ip-am¿(t^m-°-kv tam-t´m¿Ip-ª-Ðp-Ã kv sIm-®n-), cm-tP-jv Ip-‰ym-Sn: ss]-°-f-ßm-Sn Ip-am¿- (_-l-dn≥-), a-W-°-c A-Ω-Zv-ap-kveym- k-Pn-Xv Ip-am¿- (Ip-Scp-sS a-I≥ Ip-™-–p-√ b-Øp¿- ]-©m-b(44). `m-cy: sk-bv-\. a°ƒ: a-bn-Pp-_, ap-^o-Z, Øv). a-cp-a-°ƒ- :kn\p, cm-Jn- . an≥-lm-Pv, k-l-e.

I-Sp-Øp-cp-Øn: bp-hm-hn-s\ tdm-U-cn-In-se ssI tXm-´n¬ a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. tIm-X-\-√q¿ Xq-ºp-¶¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b hn-iz-\m-Y-s‚ a-I≥ hn-\p (31) hm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se \m-´p-Im-cm-Wv tIm-X-\-√q¿ I-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]-sØ ap-b-‰n¬ ]me-tØm-Sv tN¿-∂p tXm-´n¬ a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. ssI-øn¬ sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wpw Im-ep-IIm-fn-b-½mÄ sXm-Sp-]p-g: am-cn-bn¬ ]- fn¬ sN-cp-∏p-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ssh-°w kn.sF \n¿a¬ t_m-kv, I-Sp-Øp-cp-Øn F-k.v-sF Fw F-kv tc-X-\m-b ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ B-Nm-cn-bp-sS `m-cy Imjm-P-lm≥ F-∂n-h-cp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ t]m-en-kv fn-b-Ωmƒ (90). kw-kvÿ-e-sØ-Øn ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p. kw-`Im-cw C-∂v D-®-°p c-≠n- h-Øn¬ Zp-cq-l-X D-s≠-∂ kw-i-b-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v \p ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: hn-c-e-S-bm-f hn-Z-K-≤-cpw A-Ωm-fp, A-Ωn-Wn, ]-tc- t^m-d≥-kn-°pw ÿ-eX-\m-b \m-cm-b-W≥,Hm- sØ-Øn sX-fn-hp-Iƒ a-\.a-cp-a-°ƒ : a-Wn,c-Xv\-Ω , ]-tc-X-cm-b th-em- ti-J-cn-®p. Xp-S¿ A-t\zj-W-Øn¬ a-c-W-Øn¬ bp-[≥,tKm-]m-e-Ir-jvZp- c q- l - X - s bm- ∂ p- a n- s √W≥. ∂p sX-fn-™-Xm-bn t]men-kv ]-d-™p. _p-[-\m^m-¯n-am l-Öp-½ a-ºm-Sv: Hm-Sm-bn-°¬ ]gv-® cm-{Xn H-º-tXm-sS tc-X-\m-b F-S-Ø-Skp-lr-Øn-s\m-∏w temØn¬ Ip-™-e-hn lmdn-bn¬ apw-ss_-°v Hm-´w Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ^m-Øn-am t]m-hq-∂p-sh-∂v ]-d-™m-Wv hn-\p ho-´n¬ \n-∂pw l-÷p-Ω (68). a-°ƒ: ap- t]m-b-sX-∂pw k-tlm-Z-c-߃ t]m-en-kn-t\m-Sv ]-dl-Ω-Zv F-∂ _m-h, A™p. tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn_q-_-°¿. se t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw ho-´p-hf-∏n¬ kw-kv-I-cn-®p. ]-tc-X-bm-b tim-`-\-bm-Wv amXm-hv. hn-\o-Xv, hn-im-Jv F-∂n-h¿ k-tlm-Z-c-ß-fmWv.

\nÀ-¯n-bn-«n-cp-¶ tem-dn-¡v ]n-¶n a-]-s´-Wäm--°cpm-Stemdn-bn-Sn-¨v c-−pt]À a-cn-¨p v: tZ-io-b-]m-X-bn¬ \n¿-Øn-bn-´n-cp-∂

tPmÀ-Pv tXm-a-kv

ti-J-c³

Ìo-^³

am-Xyp Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

k®n-tXm-a-kv

Nmt¡m

Cu¸³

Xn-S-\m-Sv: tIm-°m-´v tPm¿-Pv tXm-a-kv (tIm-°mS≥ ˛58). kw-kv-Im-cw \msf cm-hn-se 10.30 \v I∏m-Sv am¿-«o-hm-]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: eu-en, Im-fsI-´n Im-°-√n¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: Nn-∂p ( ku-Zn), Nm-cp.

Nm-h-°m-Sv-: H-cp-a-\-bq¿ hn-√yw-kv- ta-∏p-d-Øv- tiJ-c≥(69). `m-cy: hn-tim-Zc. a-°ƒ: ko-a, iymwem¬, tkm-Wn-tamƒ. acp-a-I≥: _m-_p-cm-Pv (JØ¿).

D-g-hq¿: B-\m-en¬ F sI Ão-^≥(F-Ø-s°m®v ˛85). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n∂o-Sv. `m-cy: Nn-∂-Ω, Ab¿-°p-∂w ]q-th-en¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: tPm-bn, jo-e (C-cp-h-cpw bp.F-kv.F), k-Æn (tem-°¬ sk-{I-´-dn kn.]n.sF D-g-hq¿). a-cpa-°ƒ: a-dn-bm-Ω, kn-knen, tXm-a-kv.

X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv: X-e∏m-d ]m-e-®p-h-´n¬ amXyp-Ip-cym-t°m-kv (Ip´n-t®-´≥ ˛84). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 2.30 \v X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv ]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv X-øn¬ t{X-kym-Ω. a°ƒ:tPm-bn, kn-kn-‰¿ kn-kn-en, a-dn-bm-Ω, k-Pn, cm-Pp, tXm-a-kv, X-¶-®≥, tSm-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ:^n-en-∏v, tagv-kn, do-\, Ip-™ptamƒ, sIm-®p-dm-Wn, Zo-]. ]-tc-X-bm-b h¬k-Ω.

a√∏≈n: ]m-e-°m-aÆnem-b Iq-S-Øpw-ap-dnbn¬ kÆn-tPm-a-kv(55). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf sshIo´v 2.30\v a-Wn-a-e Xn-cplr-Z-b-]-≈n-bn¬. `mcy: B≥-kn(]n.F-®v.kn. a°-∏pg). a-Wn-a-e Ip-Snbn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. a°ƒ: k-®n≥, km\n.

Xn-cph√: Nm-ض-cn aWn-bm-∏-d-ºnem-b I-cpam-Sn-®n-d-bn¬ sI kn Nmt°m (67). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂oSv. `mcy: B\n. a°ƒ: _n\p, _n-Pp,knt\mkv. a-cp-a°ƒ: sP n, Pn≥kn, tPm-tamƒ.

Xn-cph√: tIm-bn{]w sN-º-\m¬ tbm-l∂m≥ Cu-∏≥ (84). kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 11.30\v tIm-bn{]w sk‚ v ]o-t‰-gv-kv ae-¶c I-tØm-en-° ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: Ip™-Ω. a°ƒ: s]m∂-Ω, kqkn, ]-tcX\m-b Ip-™p-tam≥. acp-a°ƒ: cmP≥, km_p.

X-¦-a-Wn-b-½ Im-´m-°-S: I-≈n-°m-Sv s]-cn-™mw-I-S-hv e-£van \n-e-b-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-™p-Ir-jv-W-]n≈-bp-sS `m-cy X-¶-a-Wnb-Ω (75). a-°ƒ: kp-\n¬ Ip-am¿, {io-e-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-PnX-Ip-am-cn, am-[-h≥-Ip-´n \m-b¿.

B-bn-im-_n sN-dp-h-Æq¿: tIm-´-em-S ]-tc-X-\m-b ta-S-∏-d-ºn¬ sk-bv-Xm-en-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-im-_n (66). a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ \-Po-_v, A-_vZp¬ hm-ln-Zv (C-cp-h-cpw _n-kn-\-kv), kp-l-dm_n, k-°o-\, sj-l¿_m-\p, k-^n-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: tIm-b (A-c-°nW¿), a-Po-Zv (bp.F.C), jw-kp-±o≥.

_m-e-Ir-j-vW-¡p-dp-¸v Ip-‰ym-Sn: N-ß-cw-Ip-fw bp.]n kv-Iqƒ dn-´. A[ym-]-I≥ F-S-Øn-°≠n _m-e-Ir-jv-W-°p-dp∏v (85). `m-cy: hn-P-b-e£v-an.

Ip-ª-½-Zv hm-Wn-ta¬: sN-∂m-´v Ip-™-Ω-Zv (95). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: Ip-™-–p-√, aq , sam-bv-Xp, B-en-lk≥, l-eo-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xp, ]mØp, k-^n-b, B-bn-i, dm-_n-b.

`m-kv-¡-c³ F-S-∏m-ƒ: h-t∂-cn sNdm-bn¬ kn sI `m-kv-°c≥ (67). X-´m≥ k¿-hokv skm-ssk-‰n F-S∏mƒ bq-\n-‰v c-£m-[nIm-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: c-a-Wn. a-°ƒ: e¬-kn, c-Rv-Pn-X, c-ay. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-tP-jv (JØ¿), c-ta-iv.-

sN-dn-bm³ ]-´n-°m-Sv: Ip-dp-a-‰-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]u-tem-kv a-I≥ sN-dn-bm≥(63). `m-cy: t{K-kn. a-°ƒ: t•m-dn, tKm-Uv-en.

tem-dn-°v ]n-∂n¬ a-s‰m-cp tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v c-≠p t]¿ a-cn-®p. ]-´-W-°m-Sv an¬-a ^m-Œ-dn-°p k-ao-]w C-∂se ]p-e¿-s® 2.30Hm-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. Xr-iq¿ sIm-c-´n Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p-∂v ]m-em-´n lu-kn¬ t]m-fnNm-¡p-®n s‚ a-I≥ sk-_n t]mƒ(46), sh-kv-‰v _w-Kmƒ I√n-ticn: I√n-ti-cn Pp¬-ss]-Kp-cn Pn-√-bn¬ I¬-®n-\n-d-bn-©v hn-t√No-c≥-kv ho-´n¬ kn sF Nm-°p-Æn(83). kw- Pn¬ \n-a-Xn t^m-d-kv-‰n¬ a¿-®-bv-s‚ a-I≥ cm-tLkv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v jv d-∫ (33) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ ap-∂n-\v D-a-bm-‰p-I-c H-cmƒ-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. sk‚ v tXma-kv Hm¿Ø- tIm-gn-bp-am-bn-t∏m-b tem-dn-bp-sS ]n-∂n¬ a-s‰m-cptUm-Iv-kv h-enb ]-≈n tem-dn C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ss{U-h¿ sIm-S-I-c sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: kz-tZ-in {]-kq¨(26)s\ ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS tN¿-Øam¿-Ø(t_-_n). Ip-∂e-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. Ip-fw Ip-Øq¿ Ip-SpwF-d-Wm-Ip-f-Øp-\n-∂v B-e-∏p-g `m-K-tØ-°p t]m_mw-K-amWv. a-°ƒ: P∂n(B-kv-t{X-enb), s_- hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p C-cp tem-dn-I-fpw. ]-´-W-°m-Sv Fkv.sF. F A-_q-_-°-dn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-ep-≈ ‰vkn, tkm^n. a-cpt]m-en-kv kw-L-hpw tN¿-Ø-e-bn¬-\n-∂v A-·n-ia°ƒ: Ip-cy≥ tPm¨(B-kv-t{Xenb), a-\ tk-\-bp-w \m-´p-Im-cp-w tN¿-∂m-Wv c-£m-{]-h¿A-\n¬ sN√m´v, tImin. Ø-\w \-S-Øn-b-Xv. tem-dn-bp-sS Im-_n≥ sh-´n-s∏mfn-®m-Wv C-cp-h-sc-bpw ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v ]mt¯ma tN¿-Ø-e-bn-se kzm-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p ap≠-°¬: ]md-t∏sIm-≠p t]m-sb-¶n-epw a-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tN¿ßm´v ]mtØma (70) . Ø-e Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv-‰p-am-¿-´w \a°ƒ: tam\p-±o≥, S-Øn ar-X-tZ-l-߃ _-‘p-°ƒ-°p hn-´p sIm-Sp^mØna. Øp.

aÂ-ky-_-Ô-\-¯n-\n-sS Ip-g-ªp-ho-W sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-¨p c-a-Wn

k-tcm-Pn-\n-b-½

A-\nÂ-Ip-amÀ

e-fn-X

ao-\m-£n-b-½

X-¦-¸³

k-tcm-Pn-\n

ku-Zm-an-\n-b-½

\-K-cq¿: sIm-Sp-h-g-∂q¿ ]-¥p-hn-f-°p-gn-bn¬ ho´n¬ {]-Xm-]-s‚ `m-cy c-aWn (45). a-°ƒ: c-ay, A]¿-W. a-cp-a-I≥: l-cn-Zmkv.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]-dºp-ap-°n¬ cm-L-h-hnem-k-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb cm-L-h≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy sI k-tcm-Pn-\n-bΩ (78). a-°ƒ: a-t\m-l-c≥ \mb¿, _m-lp-te-b≥ \mb¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b c-Lph-c≥ \m-b¿, D-Æn-Irjv-W≥ \m-b¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: sI e-£v-ao-tZ-hn, P-b-e-£v-an, {io-tZ-hn.

I-g-°q-´w: I-g-°q-´w Ipan-gn-°-c jo-Pm `-h-\n¬ A-\n¬-Ip-am¿. `m-cy: Hma-\. a-°ƒ: jo-P, jo-_. a-cp-a-I≥: k-Xn.

In-fn-am-\q¿: Xp-≠n¬°-S jo-em `-h-\n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]n sI k-Zmin-h-s‚ `m-cy e-fn-X (77). a-°-ƒ: A-P-b≥, jo-e (d-_¿ -t_m¿-Uv), kp-[o¿ (sIm-ta-gv-ky¬ Sm-Iv-kv), tUm. _n-μp. acp-a-°ƒ: t{K-kn, tUm. tam-l≥-Zm-kv, A-Uz. ip-`, tUm. kp-tc-jv.

\-K-cq¿: tXm-´-bv-°m-Sv tIm-W-Øv ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b {io-[c-°p-dp-∏n-s‚ `m-cy ao\m-£n-b-Ω (78). a-°ƒ: tKm-]n-∏n-≈, tKm-]m-e-°p-dp-∏v, ]-tcX-\m-b Xp-f-ko-[-c-°pdp-∏v. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: P-b-Ipam-cn, jo-e, kp-h¿-WIp-am-cn.

N-h-d: a-S-∏-≈n Ip-f-ß-c ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ X-¶-∏≥(89). `m-cy: tKm-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: X-¶-Ω, kp-tc-{μ≥, k-c-k-Ω, c-ho-{μ≥, ]-tcX-bm-b cm-P-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥, e-X, sI sP i-in-[-c≥, {io-eX, ]-tc-X-\m-b k-Zm-\μ≥.

im-kv-Xmw-tIm-´: ]-Sn™m-td-I-√-S sF-tØm´p-hm t]-cn-b-gn-I-Øv(F°w-ho-Sv)]-tc-X-\m-b kZm-in-h-s‚ `m-cy k-tcmPn-\n(90). a-°ƒ: im-¥-Ip-am-cn, AΩn-Wn, s]m-∂-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ≥, cm-[mIr-jv-W≥.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sN-dnb-sIm-Æn a-W-ºq-cv Aiz-Xn `-h-\n¬ ku-Zm-an\n-b-Ω (65). k-tlm-Zc≥: _n c-ho-{μ≥ \mb¿.

kp-l-d l-Öp-½

I-eym-Wn A-½

kp-[m-IÀ tj-Wm-bn

^m-¯n-a-

Im-™-ßm-Sv: \-K-c-Ønse B-Zy-Im-e io-Xf]m-\o-b D-¬-∏m-Z-\ Iº-\n D-S-a-I-fn-sem-cm-fmb Im-™-ßm-s´ sI kp-[m-I¿ tj-Wm-bn (66).

Xp-Δq¿: sX-°pw-]p-dsØ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-∂Øv sam-bv-Xp-´n-bp-sS `mcy ^m-Øn-a (75). a°ƒ: A-–p¬ P-eo¬, J-Zo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _pjv-d, bq-\-kv.

C-cn-°q¿: Iq-cm-cn ]p-Xnb-]p-c- sam-bn-e-Øv ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX-°pºm-Øv ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `mcy ]n Fw kp-l-d l÷p-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: jp°q¿ (td-j≥ Uo-e¿, Ccn-°q¿), A-–¬ -d-kmJv, lp-k-bv≥ lm-Pn.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: D-Zn-\q-cnse ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-cam-cm-dp-sS `m-cy hn hn Ieym-Wn A-Ω (87). a°ƒ: _m-_p-cm-Pv, ]fln-\n, t_-_n Kn-cn-P. acp-a-°ƒ: kp-{]-`, ]-tcX-\m-b {io-[-c-am-cm¿.

am-ap C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g Kh. bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p kao-]w sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv lu-kn¬ th-en-°-IØv am-ap (82). C-cn-°q-dnse ]-g-b-Im-e I-S-e hym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv ssk\-_. a-°ƒ: kp-l-d, Ip¬-kp-Ω, l-^v-k-Øv, d-jo-Z, ap-\o-d, sam-bvXo≥ Ip-´n (Kƒ-^v).

tKm-]m-e³ ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: A-cn-b√q¿ h-S-s° s\-t√-cn tKm-]m-e≥ (76). `m-cy: kp-io-e. a-Iƒ: in¬-∏.

C-kv-a-bnÂ-Ip-«n C-√n-°¬: I-e-b-t¶-cnbn¬ C-kv-a-bn¬-Ip-´n (85). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v Xm-g-Øßm-Sn PpapA a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\¬. a-°ƒ: A-–p-¬ A-ko-kv (kuZn), A-_q-_-°¿, B-an\, sse-e, ^m-Øn-a _ohn, jo-_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jm-lp¬ l-ao-Zv, \ujm-Zv, jm-Pn. P-eo¬, sF-j, sd-Po-\.

i-in-I-e -Ip-am-cn

tZ-h-In-b-½

a-kq-Zv

I-a-e-½

^m-¯n-am- Ip-ªv

A-¸p-¡p-«³ \m-bÀ

hn-im-em-£n

]m-∏-\w-tIm-Sv: πm-¶m-eap-°v hn.F-kv `-h-\n¬ hn-P-b-Ip-am-dn-s‚ `m-cy i-in-I-e Ip-am-cn (40). a°-ƒ: A-\o-jv, A-`n-tjIv.

ITn-\w-Ip-fw: Nm-∂m-¶c h-S-t° Nm-∂m-¶-c lu-kn¬ tZ-h-In-b-Ω (78).

In-fn-am-\q¿: dn-´. slUv-am-Ã-dpw \m-S-I-\-S\pw hn¬-∏m-´v I-em-Im-c\p-am-b In-fn-an-\q¿ a-Wte-Øp-]-® sse-em hnem-k-Øn¬ a-kq-Zv (82).`m-cy: B-cn-^m-_ohn. a-°ƒ: jm-\-hm-kv, tkm-^n-bm-_o-Kw. a-cp-a°ƒ: jo-P, ap-l-Ω-Zv bq-k-^v (sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn, s\-Sp-aßm-Sv).

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: ]p-fn-amØv hn-P-bm a≥-kn-en¬ kp-Ip-am-c-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy I-a-e-Ω (76). a°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am-cn, hnP-b-Ip-am-cn, hn-iz-{]-`, hn-iz-e-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sI Pn-\-N-{μ≥ \m-b¿, F≥ hm-a-tZ-h≥ \m-b¿, sI hn-P-b≥ \m-b¿, B¿ t{]-a-N-{μ≥.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Xp-≠Øn¬ ]p-Xp-h¬-]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A_q-_-°¿ e-∫-bp-sS `mcy ^m-Øn-am-Ip-™v (85). a-°ƒ: kp-ss_¿-Ip-™v (k-em-e), kp-sse-am≥ (_n-kn-\-kv), B-cn-^m_o-hn, \p-ssk-^m-_o-hn, A-–p¬-d-jow (t]m-en-kv h-Ip-∏v), e-Øo-^m-_o-hn, A-–p¬-k-emw (k-em-e), _-Z-dp-±o≥ (k-em-e). a-cpa-°ƒ: A-–p¬ J-cow aue-hn N-h-d, Pm-kv-an≥, jmln-Zm-_o-hn, A-–p¬-dkm-Jv, \-ko-a (sS-Iv-\n°¬ F-Pyp-t°-j≥ hIp-∏v), kp-a-øm-_o-hn, P_o-\m-_o-hn. sN-º-g-¥n P-am-A-Øn¬ J-_-d-S-°n.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: t]mØ≥-tIm-Sv A-bn-cq-∏m-d Xn-∏-en-t°m-Ww {io-`-h\n¬ Sn sI A-∏p-°p-´≥ \m-b¿ (93). `m-cy: Ir-jvW-Ω. a-°ƒ: P-b-Ip-amcn, Kn-cn-P-Ip-am-cn, Ko-XIp-am-cn, A-Pn-X-Ip-am-cn, l-cn-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cLp-\m-Y≥ \m-b¿, ap-cfo-[-c≥ \m-b¿ (Ip-≠d), ap-c-fo-[-c≥ \m-b¿, kn-‘p-Ip-am-cn, ]-tc-X\m-b Xp-f-ko-[-c≥ \mb¿.

I-√-d: a-lm-tZ-h¿ ]-® N-cp-hn-f ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b P-\m¿-Z-\-s‚ `m-cy hn-im-em-£n (84). a°ƒ: cm-[, eo-e, cm-P≥ (I-√-d am¿-Øm-fi≥), km-º-≥, Hm-a-\, kp-tc{μ-\m-Yv, c-hn, a-[p-P-\m¿Z-\≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-Wp, ]-tc-X-\m-b iin-[-c≥, ]p-jv-]-h-√n, cmP-e-X, {]-k-∂≥, jo-e, kn-‘p, I-hn-X.

Pm-\I - n

X-¦½-

\o-te-iz-cw: tIm-fw-Ip-fØv Xm-ak - n-°p-∂ Cucm-´p-t]-´ I-fØ - q-°S- h - v h-cn-°m-\n-°¬ ho-´n¬ Pm-\I - n (98).

B-eØ - q¿: _m-¶v tdmUv ]-cp-h° - ¬ ]-tc-X\ - mb s]m-∂p-hn-s‚ `m-cy X¶-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: I-ae - w, ]-tc-X\ - m-b cm-a≥-Ip-´n.

kn-ÌÀ B³-s¢-bÀ N-ß-\m-t»-cn: sIm-√w A-©¬-tlm-fn- ^m-anen aTmw-K-hpw Ip-dn-®n Im-™n-c-Øp-aq-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-´-∏≥˛A®m-Ω Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-Ifp-am-b kn-ÿ B≥-s¢b¿ (A-Ωn-Wn ˛61). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v hm-g-∏-≈n \nXym-c-[m-\- aTw h-I sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

A-_q-_-¡À sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿: Ip∂n¬ kn-dm-Pp¬ D-epw a-Zv-d-k-°v k-ao-]-sØ sI A-_q-_-°¿ (66) `m-cy: \-_o-k. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v, \ujm-Zv, l¿-jm-°v, Bbn-j, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C-{_m-low, kp-a-ø. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ]-tc-X-cm-b A–p¬ -Jm-Z¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-–p¿d-lv-am≥, A∫m-kv, ^m-Øn-a.

\m-cm-b-W³ C-cn-´n: D-f-n-bn¬ h-´-°b-sØ ]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ Fw- ]n \m-cm-b-W≥ \ºym¿ (65). A-hn-hm-lnX-\m-Wv.

]u-tem-kv F-S° - c - : Xm-sg am-am-¶c s]-cp-º≈ - n-°p-t∂¬ ]u-tem-kv (53).- `m-cy: Fm-en-bm-Ω.- a-°ƒ: en-X t]mƒ, en-Pn t]mƒ, F¬-tZm-kv, en-\n t]mƒ. -

bp-h-Xn sh-t«-äp a-cn-¨ tIkv: hn-e-¡p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn-¨v "KÀ-`-{io-am³' Xn-tb-ä-dp-I-fn-te-¡v `À-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-³ A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sI.sP s{]m-U-£≥-kn-s‚ _m-\dn¬ {]-i-kv-X Om-bm-{Km-lI≥ A-\n¬ tKm-]n-\m-Yv kwhn-[m-\w sNøp∂ K¿-`-{ioam≥ -hn-e-°p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn®v Xntb-‰-dp-I-fn-te-°v. ]p-cpj≥ K¿-`w [-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂{]ta-b-Øn¬ \n¿an-°p∂ Nn{X-Øn-¬ kp-cm-Pv sh-™m-d-aqSv BWv \m-b-I≥. C-tX B-i-b-w Dƒ-s°m-≠v kn-\n-a-sbm-cp-°m≥ {i-an-®n-cp∂ kp-[o-jvIp-am¿ K¿-`-{io-ams‚ Xn-c-°-Ybv-°v X-s‚ I-Ybp-am-bn km-ay-ap-s≠-∂v Btcm-]n-®v s^-^v-I-sbbpw s{]m-Uyq-tk-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j-s\-bpw k-ao-]n-®n-cp-∂p.

B-tcm-]-W-Øn¬ I-g-ºn-s√∂-Xn-\m¬ A-h¿ ]-cm-Xn X≈n-. Xp-S¿-∂v kp-[o-jv Pn-√m tIm-S-Xn-sb- k-ao-]n-®p. Xn-c°-Y-Iƒ c-≠pw ]-cn-tim-[n-®v km-ay-an-s√-∂v tIm-S-Xn hn-ebn-cp-Øn. Xp-S¿-∂v kn-\n-a-bpsS dn-eo-kn-Mv X-S-bm≥ sslt°m-S-Xn-sb k-ao-]n-®v tà hm-ßn. F-∂m-¬, Pn-√m tIm-SXn-°v A-©p-e-£w cq-] _m-¶v Kym-c‚n \¬-In Nn-{Xw dn-eo-kv sN-øm≥ ssl-t°m-S-Xn D-Øhn-´p. hm¿- Ø m- k - t Ω- f - \ - Ø n¬ kw-hn-[m-b-I≥ A-\n¬ tKm]n-\m-Yv, Xn-c-°-Ym-Ir-Øv kph-N≥, \-Sn Ku-cn-Ir-jv-W ]s¶-Sp-Øp.

I-bv-]-aw-K-ew (Xriq¿): Im-fap-dn-bn¬ bp-h-Xn sh-t´-‰p a-cn® tIkn¬ `¿-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-≥ A-d-Ãn¬. ]-≈n-∏-d-ºn¬ C-kvam-Cu¬(40) B-Wv A-d-Ãn-emb-Xv. k-tlm-Z-c≥ C-kv-lm-Jen-bp-sS `m-cy Pm-kv-an-\m(38)Wv C-kv-am-Cuen-s‚ sh-t´-‰v acn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw cm-hnse H-º-tXm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. H-fn-hn¬t]m-b {]-Xn sIm-Sp-ß√q¿ t]m-en-kn¬ Io-g-S-ßp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kn.sF sI sP ]o‰-dpw kw-L-hpw C-bm-fp-sS A-dÃv tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn. {]-Xn-bpw sIm-√-s∏-´ Pm-kvan-\pw \m-fp-I-fm-bn X¿°-Ønem-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-\nsS th-en sI-´p-∂-Xn-\n-sS s]-s´-∂p-≠m-

C-kv-am-Cu¬ b X¿-°-am-Wv sIme-bn¬ Iem-in-®-sX-∂pw {]-Xn t]m-enkn-t\m-Sp k-Ω-Xn-®p. th-en sI´m\m-bn X-dn-Iƒ sh-´m≥ I-cpXn-b I-ØnsIm≠mWv {]-Xn Pmkvans\ IpØn-b-Xv.

20 e-£-¯n-sâ kzÀ-Ww ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn I-cn-∏q¿: F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-®p-I-S-Øn-b 20 e-£-Øn-s‚ 699 {Kmw kz¿-Ww F-b¿ I-Ãw-kv C‚-en-P≥-kv ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn. C-∂-se tZm-l-bn¬-\n-∂v F-b¿C-¥ym F-Iv-kv-{]- v hnam-\-Øn¬ I-cn-∏q-cn-se-Øn-b sIm-Sp-h-≈n h-en-b-]-d-ºv ap-lΩ-Zv a≥-kq-dn(32)¬- \n-∂m-Wp Ch ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n-\p-≈nse _m-‰-dn-bp-sS ÿm-\-Øv 24 I- j - W - ß - f m- ° n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p kz¿-W-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. F-Ivkv-td ]-cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ kw-ibwtXm-∂n A-[n-Ir-X¿ ]-cntim-[n-®-t∏m-gm-Wp kz-¿-Ww Is≠-Øn-b-Xv.

k-Xo-tZ-hn B-cy-\m-Sv: tIm-´-bv-°Iw t]-gpw-I-´-bv-°m¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sSbn-e¿ kp-μ-tc-i-s‚ `mcy k-Xo-tZ-hn (80). a°ƒ: kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, ]tc-X-\m-b k-t¥m-jv-Ipam¿, km-_p, k-Pn, kpj-a, kp-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]ao-f, {io-tZ-hn, ko-a, Bi, A-tim-I≥, lm-jnw. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hnse 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

tN¿-Ø-e: a¬-ky-_-‘-\-Øn-\n-sS Ip-g-™p-ho-W sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-®p. tN¿-Ø-e sX-°v ]-©m-b-Øv 17mw hm¿-Uv am-fn-tb-°¬ B‚-Wn(51)bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se A¿-Øp-¶¬ Xo-c-Øm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. \-Sp-°-S-en¬ a¬-ky-_-‘-\-Øn-\n-sS Ipg-™p-ho-gp-I-bpw Xp-S¿-∂v h-≈-Øn-se a-‰v sXm-gn-emfn-Iƒ tN¿-∂v I-c-bv-s°-Øn-s®-¶n-epw a-cn-®p. `m-cy: A-K-Ão-\m-Ω. a-°ƒ: hn-\o-Xv, ta-cn-tamƒ.

kv-Iq-«-dpw Hm-t«m-bpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨p _w-KmÄ kz-tZ-in a-cn-¨p

tIm-´-bw: tIm-´-bw-˛-Ip-a-fn tdm-Un¬ h-S-hm-Xq-cn\p-k-ao-]w sF-tc-‰p-\-S-bn¬ kv-Iq-´-dpw Hm-t´m-bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®p ]-›n-a-_w-Kmƒ kz-tZ-in-bm-b sXm-gnem-fn a-cn-®p. k-l-bm-{Xn-I-\p ]-cn-t°-‰p. _w-Km-fnse `-c-Xv-hm≥ Pn-√-bn¬ sa-Ωm-dn kz-tZ-in-bm-b Akn-^v lp-ssk-\m(18)Wp a-cn-®-Xv. s]-cn-ß-√q¿ Icn-h-Øn¬ _n-\p(45)hn-s\ Kp-cp-X-c ]-cn-t°m-sS tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®p. B-im-cn-∏-Wn \-S-Øn-bn-cp-∂ C-cp-hcpw D-®-`-£-Ww I-gn-°m≥ kv-Iq-´n-dn¬ t]m-Iptºm-gm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. a-W¿-Im-Sv t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

Hm-Sn-s¡m-−n-cp-¶- Hm-t«m-dn-£-bp-sSap-I-fn-te-¡v- sX-§v- ho-Wv- ss{U-hÀa-cn-¨p

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´-:- Hm-Sn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂- Hm-t´m-dn-£-bp-sSap-I-fn-te-°v- sX-ßv- I-S-]pgIn ho-Wv- ss{U-h¿- a-cn®p.- a-Æm-d-°p-f-™n- ]m-ºm-t°m-´v- h¿-Ko-kn-s‚- a-I≥ sN-dn-bm-≥ ]n- h¿-Ko-kv- (jn-t\m-Pv-˛-29)- B-Wv- a-cn®-Xv.- C∂-se ]p-e¿s® 4.-45 Hm-sS Xm-sg- sh-´n-{]wRp-Æp-¶¬- ]-Sn-bn-em-Wv- A-]-I-Sw.- A-ar-Xm B-ip-]{Xn-bn-te-°p-≈ bm-{X-°msc ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´- sI.Fkv.B¿-.Sn.kn- _kv- kv-‰m-≥-Un¬- - hn-´-ti-jw- aSßnssa-e-{]-°v- h-cp-tºm-gmkp-Ip-am-c³ bn-cp-∂p- A-]-I-Sw.- tdmt]-bm-Sv: ]p-fn-b-d-t°ms‚- h-i-sØ- ]p-c-bn-SWw sNm-Δ-≈q¿ sN-dn-b- UnØn¬- \n-∂- D-W-ßn-bsIm-≠n I-´-d-°p-gn tasX-ßm-Wv- I-S-]p-g-In- Hmte ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ Pn t´m-°v- ap-I-fn-te-°v- hokp-Ip-am-c≥ (70). `m-cy: Xv.Xebv-°vcm-P-Ω. a-°ƒ: k-Pn, _n- W£Xta‰m-Wv- jn-t\m-PvPp, _m-_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: acn-®Xv.- ]pe¿-s®bmkp-aw, i-in-I-e, im-enbXn-\m¬- A-]-I-Sw- \-S\n. ∂-Xv- ssh-In-bm-Wv a-‰p≈h¿ A-dn-™-Xv.- ]-ØIm-knw ap³-jn \w-Xn-´-bn¬-\n-∂v- s]m-eo-kpw- ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kpw- FXr-°-cn-∏q¿: dn-´. A-dØn-bm-Wv- ar-X-tZ-lw- P-\-d¬- B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-em-°p_n-Iv A-[ym-]-I≥ sh∂-Xv.-B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-®-t∏mƒ a-cn-®-Xm-bn ÿn≈m-∏n-se Fw Sn ]n Imknw ap≥-jn (65). Nn-Øm- co-I-cn-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v ar-X-tZ-lw tam¿-®-dn-bn-te°v am-‰p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ i-co-c-Øn¬ Po-h≥-Xp-Sn-°pcn, _o-cn-t®-cn, Iq-te-cn, Xm-bn Nn-e¿ ]-d-™-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v ho-≠pw sa-´-Ω¬ F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn- ∂C.kn.Pn.FSp-t°-≠-Xmbpw h∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw- t]mse K-h. F¬.]n kv-Iqkv-‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\v- ti-jw- ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´-bn-se- kz-Imfn¬ Zo¿-L-Im-ew A-dcy B-ip-]-{Xn- tam¿-®-dn-bn¬- kq-£n-®p.- kw-kv-Im_n-Iv A-[ym-]-I-\m-bn cw- ]n-∂o-Sv.- A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv.- AΩ:- Hm-a-\- (tim{]-h¿-Øn-®n-cp-∂p. im-Ω-).- k-tlm-Z-c߃ :- kn-\n,- kn-Pn.-

sI.F-kv.C._n. Km-Uv-KnÂ: tIm¬-{K-Ên-\pw IcmÀ Po-h-\-¡m-c³ kn.]n.F-½n-\pw \n-e-]m-Sv t¡-äp a-cn-¨p B-e-Øq¿: sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂am-tä-−-Xm-bn h-cpw: ]n Sn tXm-a-kv tjmXn-\n-sS sI.F-kv.C._n. I-cm¿ B-ep-h: Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´ns\ F-Xn¿-°p-∂ \n-e-]m-Sn¬ \n-∂p kn.]n.Fw., tIm¨-{K-kv Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈ ap-Jym-[m-cm cm{„o-b ]m¿-´n-Iƒ-°v C-∂-s√¶n¬ \m-sf ]n-∑m-td-≠n-h-cp-sa∂v ap≥ Fw.]n. ]n Sn tXm-a-kv. B-ep-h ]-cn-ÿn-Xn kw-c-£W-kw-L-Øn-s‚ `q-anan-{X ]p-ckv-Im-cw P-Ãn-kv sI kp-Ip-am-c\n¬ \n-∂v G-‰p-hm-ßn kw-kmcn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ F∂pw F-Xn¿-°p-∂-h-sc N-cn{Xw N-h‰p-Ip´-bn-te-°p X-≈psa-∂ Im-cy-Øn¬ kw-i-bw th≠. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ A-

\p-Iq-en-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cn¬ h-f-sctb-sd {]-bm-k-߃ hy-‡n-]c-am-bn X-\n-°p t\-cn-tS-≠n-hs∂-¶n-epw C-Xn¬ Zp-xJ-an-√. ]›n-a-L-´-a-e-\n-c-Iƒ C-t∏mƒ kw-c-£n-°m≥ I-gn-™n-s√¶n¬ ]n-∂o-Sv H-cn-°-epw I-gn-bn√. C-Sp-°n-bpƒ-s∏-sS G-Xm\pw Pn-√-I-fn-se I¿-j-I-sc _m-[n-°p-∂ {]-iv-\-߃ am-{Xam-bn C-Xn-s\ ]-cn-an-X-s∏-SpØ-cp-sX∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d™p. N-S-ßn¬ A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv Fw.F¬.F., Nn-∂≥ sI ss]\m-S-Øv, kn B¿ \o-e-I-WvT≥, C-kv-abn¬ kw-km-cn-®p.

Po-h-\-°m-c≥ tjm-t°-‰p a-cn®p. B-eØq¿ _m-¶vtdm-Uv ]-d-°p∂w c-¶-s‚ aI≥ Ip-©pth-e≥ (42) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. F-cn-a-bq¿ tXm-´p-]me-sØ- k-ao-]-sØ t]m-kv-‰n¬ sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bmWv kw-`-hw. D-S≥ B-e-Øq-cnse B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw a-c-n-®p. `m-cy: kp-kv-an-X. a-°ƒ: B-cy, A-Jn-e, A-RvP\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ir-jv-W≥.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

6 Pq¨ 2014 sh≈n

ss_-¡pw kv-Iq-«-dp-w Iq«n-bn-Sn¨v ]-cn-t¡-ä bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p a-dn-b-¡p-«n

A-Ðp-Àd-lv-am³

a-dn-bw tPm-k-^v

ap-l-½-Zv

J-Zo-P

ap-l-½-Zv lm-Pn

hn-e-ßm-Sv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-‰n-°m-´v am-Xyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-b-°p-´n (78). ]m-e sIm-‰-\m¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: ^nen-∏v, tPm-fn (A-[ym-]nI, F.Fw.F¬.]n. Ip≠n¬-]-d-ºv, a-e-∏p-dw), k-Pn (sI.F-kv.C._n. \m-Zm-]p-cw), tdm-bv (K-h. F-®v.F-kv.F-kv. amhq¿). a-cp-a-°ƒ: sken≥, sI tPm-kv h-ben¬ (No-^v k-_v F-Un‰¿, a-t\m-c-a a-e-∏p-dw), _n-μp (]-cn-bm-]p-cw saUn-°¬ tIm-f-Pv).

s]-cp-h-≈q¿: Nm-{XsØm-Sn tIm-gn-sØm-Sn A-–p-¿d-lvam≥ (74). `mcy: B-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: \Pvap-±o≥, dp-Jn-b, tkm^n-b, Pw-jn-b, jm-Zn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: D-Ω¿, A-ao-den, ap-kv-X-^. J-_-d-S°w C-∂p cm-hn-se H-ºXn-\v Nm-{X-sØm-Sn Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

ap-°w: Iq-ºm-d a-Wn-a-ebn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPmk-^n-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-bw tPm-k-^v (89). a-°ƒ: ta-cn, A-eo-kv (]p-jv-]Kn-cn en-‰n¬ -^v-f-h¿ bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ A-[ym-]nI). a-cp-a-°ƒ: am-Xyp \cn-°p-gn, F F-kv tPm-kv (dn-´. A-[ym-]-I≥, Xn-cph-ºm-Sn tk-{I-Uv lm¿Uv F-®v.F-kv.F-kv). kw-k-vIm-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v ]p-jv-]-K-n-cn sNdp-]p-jv-]w tZ-hm-e-bØn¬.

Xn-cp-\m-hm-b: F-S° - p-fsØ Nn-‰I - Ø - v sN-dp-Ipf-Øn¬ ap-lΩ - Z- v (_m-h˛63). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: kp-ld - , km-_n-d, kpsse-J, B-cn-^, \-ko-d, A-_qXm-ln¿ (A¬sF≥). a-cp-a° - ƒ: keow, A-en, Ip-™m-e≥Ip-´n, A-ivd - ^ - v, C-kva - mCu¬, P-ko-e. k-tlm-Zcn: ^m-Øn-a.

_m-ep-t»-cn: Xn-cp-hmt©-cn-s∏m-bn¬ A-–p¿d-lv-am≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy J-Zo-P (73). a-°ƒ: P-aoe, kp-ss_-Z, k-^n-b, ssa-aq-\-Øv, A-–p¬ -K^q¿ (t]m-en-kv, ta-∏mSn), A-–p¬- lm-cn-kv ({]o-an-b¿ C-e-{Œn-°¬kv, _m-ep-t»-cn). a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b lk≥-Ip-´n, l-k≥ (dn-´. C≥-Iw Sm-Iv-kv A-Uv. Hm-^n-k¿ tIm-gn-t°mSv), lpkbv≥ (Ip-´ºq¿), ss\-e (ap-≠-°-c F.bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ), kPn-\.

A-Øm-Wn-°¬: h-≈p-h{ºw A-Øm-Wn-°¬ s\®n-bn¬ F-Sm-e-Øv ap-lΩ-Zv lm-Pn (87). `m-cy: Ip™n-°-Xn-bp-Ω. a-°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn F-∂ _m_p, jw-kp-±o≥ F-∂ \mWn (]n.Fw.Fkv.F.Fw.bp.]n kv-Iqƒ, th-ß-c), ^m-Øn-a, B-bni, J-Zo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Imcm-´v aq-k (A-_q-Z-_n), JZo-P, dw-e-Øv,]-tc-X-cm-b _m-∏p-´n, A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n. k-tlm-Z-c≥: ]-tc-X-\m-b sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n lm-Pn.

_m-e³ ta-∏-bq¿: \-c-t°m-Sv I√-¶n-bn¬ _m-e≥ (65). `m-cy: I-a-e. a-°ƒ: dn-\ojv, do-jv-a, do-P. a-cp-aI≥: ]-tc-X-\m-b N-{μ≥ (Xn-t°m-Sn).

tk-hyÀ ssh-∏n≥: \m-b-c-º-ew am-\m-´p-]-d-ºv ]p-\-°m-Sv h-dp-Xp-Ip-´n-bp-sS a-I≥ tk-hy¿(72). `m-cy: Ieq¿ ]m-e-°-Ø-d Ip-Spw_mw-Kw ta-cn.

tIm-b Ip-ªn-t¡m-b X-§Ä Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: ]-¥m-cßm-Sn Pn-^v-cn a≥-knen¬ ]-g-b am-fn-tb-°¬ tIm-b Ip-™n-t°m-bX-߃ (72). `m-cy: _o°p-™n-_o-hn. a-°ƒ: A-–p-¿d-lvam≥-tIm-b, lm-cn-kv, D-Ωp¬-^-kv¬, ]-tc-X-bm-b D-Ωp-lm-\n _o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-hmkv, kp-a-ø _o-hn, B-an\-_o-hn.

\-^o-k a-t©-cn: aw-K-e-t»-cn \t√-ß-c sam-bv-Xo-s‚ `mcy tIm-´n-en-߬ \-^ok (48). a-°ƒ: im-^n, dm-^n, l-_o-_. a-cp-a°ƒ: ku-Z, k-^n-b, kp-ss_¿ \n-e-ºq¿.

^m-¯n-a ta¬-ap-dn: C-cp-]-Øn-tbgn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \-SpsØm-Sn I-Ωp-hn-s‚ aIƒ- ]-tc-X-\m-b ]q-t°m´q¿ Du-tcm-Øv ]-d-º≥ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy \-SpsØm-Sn ^m-Øn-a (76). a-Iƒ: B-bn-i. a-cp-aI≥: sam-bv-Xo≥ \q-td߬ ap-°v.

Xm-c

Nm-e° - p-Sn: ap-cn-ßq¿ ]Ko-X \-ßm-´p-]d - º - n¬ _m]-d-hq¿: ]-d-b-Im-Sv H-Sp- _p-hn-s‚ `m-cy Xm-c(45)-.--hm-ti-cn ho-´n¬ jm-Pn- ap-cn-ßq¿ en-X t]-∏¿ bp-sS `m-cy Ko-X (56). Im¿-´¨ I-º\ - n Po-h\ - a-°ƒ: a-[p, a-t\m-Pv. k- °m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. a - ©-b-\w i-\n-bm-gv-N °ƒ: hn-Po-jv,- hn-\o-jv.--

tKm-hn-µ hm-cyÀ

ssk-\-_

tIm-´-bw: hn-ap-Iv-X-`-S≥ tNm-gn-b-°m-Sv sIm-´m-cØn¬ hm-cy-Øv sI Pn tKm-hn-μ hm-cy¿ (68). `mcy: D-j. a-°ƒ: tl-a, ko-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kt¥m-jv (Un.-kn _p-Ivkv) {]-Im-iv (k-em-e).

ssI-]a - w-Ke - w: Nm-a° - me ]-tc-X\ - m-b X-fn-°p-fw ho-´n¬ A-–p¬ Jm-Zd - ns‚ `m-cy ssk-\_ - (78). a-°ƒ: sF-j, A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv, j-co-^, ap-lΩ - Z- men, ssa-aq-\, Xm-Pp-±o≥, j-^m-AØ - v, k-eow.

k-^n-b-

^m-¯n-a l-Öp-½ -

a-ºm-Sv: \-Sp-h-°m-Sv Ip-´n-°p-∂v ]-tc-X-\mb Hm-hp-߬ A-_vZp¬ A-ko-kn-s‚ `mcy B¬-∏-≈n k-^nb (64). a-°ƒ: \q¿-P-lm≥, \q-dp-∂n-k, ssl-dp∂n-k, ^m-_n-b. a-cpa-°ƒ: j-co-^, A-kvI¿, jn-lm-_v, ^k¬.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: Np-≈n-∏md ]-tc-X-\m-b I-cn-∏mbn Xq-º-bn¬ sam-bv-Xp´n lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy sN\-°¬ ^m-Øn-a- l÷p-Ω (85). a-°ƒ: Aenl-k≥ lm-Pn, A∫m-kv, J-Zo-P, ^m-Øna, \-^o-k. a-cp-a-°ƒ: bq-k-^v lm-Pn, ap-l-ΩZv-Ip-´n, H ]n A-en, B-an\, ssa-aq-\-Øv, sse-e.

ta-Kn Bâ-Wn A-go-°¬: sIm-f-]-dºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI kn B‚-Wn-bp-sS `m-cy ta-Kn B‚-Wn(62). -a°ƒ: _n-μp, kn-μp. a-cpa-°ƒ:ssj-k≥, {]-Imiv.-

A-½-Xv

\-^o-k

\-cn-∏-‰: Zo¿-L-Im-ew \cn-∏-‰ a-fi-ew tIm-¨{K-kv J-Pm-©n-bpw ap-Pmln-Zv {]-h¿-Ø-I-\p-am-bncp-∂ h-S-°-bn¬ A-Ω-Xv (74). a-fi-ew tIm¨-{Kkv ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v, sI.F≥.Fw. No-t°m∂v bq-\n-‰v sk-{I-´-dn, ]m-Xn-cn-∏-‰ bp.]n. kvIqƒ ]n.Sn.F. {]-knU‚ v F-∂o \n-e-I-fnepw {]-h¿-Øn-®p. `m-cy: _n-øm-Øp. a-°ƒ: ap\o¿ (ku-Zn), a-Po-Zv (t]m-en-kv, am-\-¥-hmSn), dw-e, \-_o-kp, kcm-[m-a-Wn A-½ °o-\, \-Zo-d, ap-_o-d. as]-cp-ºm-hq¿: ]-tc-X-\m- cp-a-°ƒ: sI Fw Ab ]p-Ø≥ ]p-c-b-°¬ –p¬- k-emw (Ip-‰ym-Sn), (]q¿-Wn-a) B¿ th-em- aq-k (Im-°p-\n), A-Ωbp-[≥ \m-b-cp-sS a-Iƒ Xv (\-cn-∏-‰), kn sI Acm-[m-a-Wn-A-Ω (80). -`¿- iv-d-^v (I-S-ta-cn), ]-tc-XØm-hv N-{μ-ti-J-c≥ \m- \m-b A-–p¿-d-lv-am≥ (Im-b-Æ), P-ko-d (\-cnb¿. a-°ƒ: k-Xo-i≥, ∏-‰), l-ko-\ (hm-Wnkp-[. a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-b-N- ta¬). {μ≥, kv-an-X.

N-¥-°p-∂v: Nm-c-¶p-fw ]-tc-X-\m-b sIm-f-∏-‰ sN-dn-b-aq-k-bp-sS `m-cy am-Sm-e \-^o-k (75). a°ƒ: A-–p¬ l-ao-Zv, DΩp-Ip¬-kp, A-–p¬ \m-k¿, k¬-am≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: dw-e-Øv, A-–p√, J-Zo-P, jm-ln-\.J-_-d-S°w C∂v cm-hn-se H-ºXn\v N-¥-°p-∂v h-en-b Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

kp-`-{Z ssh-∏n≥: F-f-¶p-∂-∏pg s\-Sp-th-en¬ hn-iz\m-Y-s‚ `m-cy Xq-h-\m-´v kp-`-{Z(72). _n-.-F-kv-.F≥.--F¬. D-tZym-K-ÿbm-bn-cp-∂p. a-°ƒ: {]Zo-]v, {]-ho¨. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-Rv-Pp, t{]-a.-

A-¶-½

ssh-°w: a-d-h≥-Xp-cpØv kn-‘y a-μn-c-Øn¬ tKm-]n-\m-Y≥ \m-b¿ (A-∏p-˛71). `m-cy: k-c-kΩ.

tdm-¡n

kp-tc-{µ³

a-W-eq¿: ]-≠m-c≥ A]-≈p-cp-Øn: s]-cp-º-S-∏v {io \m-cm-b-W tdm-Un¬ ø-∏-s‚ a-I≥ kp-tcI-f-∏p-c-°¬ ho-´n¬ tdm- {μ≥(67). `m-cy: ]-¶-Pw. a-°ƒ: kn¬-P, kn-an. °n(58).

sh-fn-b-Øp-\m-Sv: sk‚ v t]mƒ-kv kvIqƒ A-[ym-]-I≥ ]-tcX-\m-b h¿-Ko-kv X-fn-b®n-d-bp-sS `m-cy A-∂Ω(83). dm-∂n I-h-ßpw-πm-°¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv.

]-¡À

l-k³

I-eym-Wn A-½

tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W³- \m-bÀ-

sam-bv-Xo³

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: ]-Xn-aw-Kew Ip-Sn-em-´v ]-°¿ (65). `m-cy: a-dn-b. a-°ƒ: ap\o¿, ap-_o-\, j-ao-\, Pp-ssa-en-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p¬- I_o¿, e-Øo-^v, lm-cnkv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip™m-ap, A-Ω-Zv, ]mØp-Ω, J-Zo-P, B-an-\.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: Iq-´n-eßm-Sn Io-cw-Ip-≠v kztZ-in F≥.sI tdm-Uv DΩm-´v l-k≥ (54). `m-cy: dp-Jn-b. a-°ƒ: A-Pva¬ l-k≥, \m-Pn-l, i-_v\, _-Zo¿-l-k≥, l-kv\, sj-dn≥, X≥ho¿ l- ≥. a-øn-Øv \a-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hnse 10\v ta-te-Nn-\ Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: D-Zn-\q-cnse ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-cam-cm-dp-sS `m-cy hn hn I-eym-Wn A-Ω (87). a°ƒ: _m-_p-cm-Pv, ]fln-\n, t_-_n Kn-cn-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-{]-`, ]tc-X-\m-b {io-[-c-amcm¿. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \m-cm-b-Wnb-Ω, ]-tc-Xcm-b tKm-hn-μ-am-cm¿, Ir-jv-W-am-cm¿.

A-co-t°m-Sv: In-gn-t»cn ]p-√-t©-cn Hm-´p]m-d-∏p-d-Øv ho-´n¬ sI sI tKm-]m-e-Irjv-W≥- \m-b¿ (tKm] ˛68). `m-cy: ]-Xv-an\n. a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, _n-tP-jv (Zp-_-bv), tc-Wp. a-cp-a-Iƒ: cRv-Pn-a. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

^m-dq-Jv tIm-f-Pv: A≠n-°m-S≥-Ip-gn im km-ln-_v \-K¿ Io-gn√-Øv ]-d-h≥-Xn-cpØn ]-tc-X-\m-b a-ΩZn-s‚ a-I≥ sam-bvXo≥ (73). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tcX-cm-b a-Ω-Zv, I-e¥≥, ssk-X-e-hn (_n-®m-h), ]m-ØpssΩ.

a-c-¡mÀ lm-Pn

I-p-ªp-®n

kp-io-e

a-dn-bp-½ -

Ip-≠q¿: In-g-°pw-]m-´v a-c-°m¿ lm-Pn (64). `mcy: a-dn-bm-ap l-÷p-Ω. a-Iƒ: sse-e. a-cp-aI≥: ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ _m-_p (ku-Zn).

Xp-Δq¿: Su-Wn-\p k-ao-]w sh-´-t©-cn Ip-™p-Æn (72). `m-cy: e-£v-an. a-°-ƒ: hn-\p, hn-\oX. a-cp-a-I≥: D-Z-b-Zmkv.

]-c∏ - \ - ß - m-Sn: A-cn-b√q-cn-se ]-tc-X\ - m-b H-Sp°-Øn¬ th-em-bp-[s - ‚ `m-cy kp-io-e (57). a°ƒ: jm-Pn, _n-μp, kn‘p. a-cp-a° - ƒ: {]-Imi≥, [¿-Ω≥, A-\n-X.

N-¥-°p-∂v: sh-fn-bt¥m-Sv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]p-eØv ]p-en-t°m-´n¬ ap-lΩ-Zn-s‚ `m-cy I-Æw-sNØv a-dn-bp-Ω (93). a-I≥: sF-Øp. a-cp-a-Iƒ: X-d-aÆn¬ ^m-Øn-a.

tKm-]n-\m-Y³ \m-bÀ

^-tdm-°v: tZ-io-b-]m-Xbn¬ Np-¶w F-t´--\m-en-\p k-ao-]-w ss_-°pw kv-Iq´-dpw Iq´n-bn-Sn®v ]-cn-t°‰ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. _p-[\m-gv-N cm-{Xn 11 Hm-sSbmbn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. s]-cpap-Jw h-St°_-km-dn¬ sN-¶-W-Ip-∂-Øv aq-kt°m-b (ko-tKm t_-°dn, am-tØm-´w)bp-sS a-I≥ _n≥-km-Zv (23) B-Wv acn-®-Xv. kp-lr-Øm-b ^-¿-km-Zn-t\m-sSm-∏w am-tØm´-Øp\n-∂v h-cp-tºm-ƒ as‰mcp ss_°n-en-Sn°pIbm-bn-cp∂p. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ ^¿-km-Zn-\pw a-t‰ ss_-°n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂ ^-tdm-°v tIm-´-∏m-Sw Dss_-Zv (26), k-°o¿ (27) F-∂n-h¿-°pw ]-cn-t°-‰p. \m-ep-t]-sc-bpw \m-´p-Im-cm-Wv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-®-Xv. ^¿-km-Zn-s\ ]n-∂o-Sv anw-kv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p am-‰n. hym-gm-gv-N ]p-e¿s® \m-e-c-tbm-sS-bm-Wv _n≥-km-Zv a-cn-®-Xv. _n≥km-Zn-s‚ am-Xm-hv: ^m-Øn-a-. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: a¿-kqJv, k-^v-\ (Zp-_-bv).

aZo-\-bn hml\m-]-I-S-w; ]cn-t¡ä aebm-fn a-cn¨p

aZo\: H∂camkw apºv aZo-\-bn¬h®v hml\m]-I-S-Øn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰v NnIn¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp∂ sImSph≈n kztZin acn®p. shÆ°mSv- kztZin Ipº≥tIm´v \mk¿ (30) BWv a-cn-®Xv. aZo-\bnse Daden _¬jd^vIº\nbnse Poh-\-°mc\m-b \m-k-dn\v aZo\bn¬ \n∂v- 150 Intemao‰¿ AIse Pn± tdm-Un-ep≠mb A]I-S-Øn-em-Wv Kpcp-X-c-am-bn ]cn-t°-‰-Xv. Pn-±bn¬ \n∂v aZo-\-bnte°p- hcptºmgmbncp∂p A]-ISw. \s´√n\pw Xetbm´n-°p-ta-‰ £-Xw Kp-cp-X-c-amb-Xn-\m¬ aZo\m InMv-^lZv- Bip-]-{Xnbn¬ {]th-in-∏n-°p-Ibmbncp-∂p. IqsSbp≠mb ss{Uh¿ I¿WmSI kztZ-in \n mc ]cn-°p-I-tfmsS c£-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. \mkdns‚ ]nXmhv: A–p¿-dlvam≥. amXmhv-: ^mØna. `mcy: ss^-dqk.

s{Sbn³ X-«n- a-cn-¨p ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: sN-´n-∏-Sn-

bn-se Sm-Iv-kn ss{U-h¿ ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn-bn¬ s{Sbn≥ X-´n- a-cn-®p. Xp-∂cp-I-≠n Ip-´ym-∏p-hn-s‚ aI≥ A-\n¬-Ip-am¿ (a-Wn˛48) B-Wv c-≠mw -πm-‰v t^m-an-\-SpØ ]m-fØn¬ s{Sbn≥ X-´n- a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se H-ºXn\m-Wv kw-`-hw. am-Xm-hv: tZ-h-In. `m-cy : kn-‘p. a-°ƒ: Kw-tKm-{Xn, A-`n-tj-Iv.

A-½-bpw a-I-fpw s]m-Å-te-äv a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

B-e-Øq¿: A-Ωsb-bpw a-Isf-bpw s]m-≈-te-‰v acn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. s\-∑m-d t]-gp-w-]m-d Np-¶∏p-cho-´n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b hm-kp-hn-s‚ `m-cy A-Ωmfp (73), a-Iƒ k-Pn-X (37) F-∂n-h-sc-bm-Wv hym-gm-gvA-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n cm-P³ hn-iz-\m-Y³ N ]I¬ 11.30\v s]m-≈B-bn-i l-Öp-½ F-S-°-c: ap-≠∏-d-ºn¬ sIm-Sp-h-≈n: ku-Øv sIm- te-‰ \n-e-bn¬ I-≠X _m-ep-t»-cn: ]-\-©n-cn Xm-\q¿: tim-`-∏d-ºv -- v. hoA-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (62). `m-cy: B-Xn¬ cm-P≥ (51). `m- t£-{X-Øn-\p sX-°p-`m- Sp-h-≈n ]-tc-X-\m-b sImSn-\p-tN¿-∂p-≈ Ip-fn-ap-dn- A-Ωm-fp b∏ Ab Ω Z v I p™ nb ps S B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: A≥-h¿ cy: km-hn-{Xn. ]n-Xm-hv: Kw ap-≈-Øv hn-iz-\m-Y≥ bn¬ \n-∂v ]p-I- D-b-cp-∂`m-cy In-g-°m-e-®n-bn¬ Bkm-Z-Øv, dn-bm-kv, l-ko- Ip-am-c≥. A-Ω: Nn-cp-X- (58). `m-cy: I-eym-Wn. XpI≠v FØnb kao-]bni l÷ pΩ (73). aI ≥: \, P-\o-kv, jm-ln-\. a-cpkw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn°p´ n. a° ƒ: Aº nf n, hm-kn-Iƒ Chsc D-S≥ A– p ¬ d l ow. ac pa I ƒ: a-°ƒ: d-Po-\, _p-jv-d, apse 10\v s]m-∂m-\n-bnA-Pn¬. a-cp-a-I≥: {iojm-ln-\. k-tlm-Z-c≥: A- s\-∑m-d K-h. B-ip-]-{Xnl-Ω-Zv d-^o-Jv, d-kn-b, se Ip-Spw-_-ho-´n¬. b-Ω-Zv ]-bn-{º. Pn-Øv I-cp-a-e. b-se-Øn-s®¶n-epw c£nB-_n-Zv. °m-\m-bn√. s\-∑m-d K-h. B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´w \-S-Øn-b-ti-jw ssh-Iot´m-sS t]-gpw-]m-d ]p-g Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: \-K-c-Øn-se Pz-√-dn-I-fn¬ B-`-c- s]m- X p- i v - a - i m- \ - Ø n¬ k-Pn-X W-߃ \n¿-an-®p-\¬-Ip-∂-bm-sf Im-dn-\p≈n¬ a- kw-kv-I-cn-®p. k-Pn-X Acn-®\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. tIm-´-bpw In-S-ßq¿ ku- hn-hm-ln-X-bm-Wv. A-Ωm-fp-hn-s‚ a-‰pa-°ƒ: l-cnØn-se a-‰-Øn¬ lu-kn¬ \-S-cm-P-s\(51)bm-Wv Zm-kv, P-b≥. Ip-fn-ap-dn-bn¬ a-sÆ-Æ-sbm-gn-®v kzC-∂-se cm-hn-se 12Hm-sS ]-≈w tdm-Un-se k-_v P- bw Xo-s°m-fp-Øn a-cn-®-Xm-sW-∂p kwi-bn-°p-∂bn-en-\v ]n-∂n¬ \n¿-Øn-bn-´ Im-dn¬ a-cn-®\n-e- Xmbn s\-∑m-d t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. kp-[m-IÀ tj-Wm-bn kp-l-d l-Öp-½ bn¬ I-≠-Xv. Im-™-ßm-Sv: \-K-cC-cn-°q¿: Iq-cm-cn ]p30 h¿-j-am-bn \-K-c-Øn-se Pz-√-dn-I-fn¬ B-`-cØn-se B-Zy-Im-e ioXn-b-]p-c- sam-bn-e-Øv W-߃ \n¿-an-®p\¬-In-h-cp∂ \-S-cm-P≥ 15 h¿-jX-f]m-\o-b D-¬-∏m-Z-\ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX- tØm-f-am-bn ]-∂n-∏m-d-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_-k-ta-Xw Xm-aI-º-\n D-S-a-I-fn-sem-cm- °p-ºm-Øv ap-l-Ω-Znkn-®p-h-cn-I-bm-bncp-∂p. I-Æq-cn¬ Iw-]yq-´¿ tIm-gvfm-b Im-™-ßm-s´ sI s‚ `m-cy ]n Fw kp-l- kn-\v ]Tn-°p-∂ a-I≥ k-Xy-s\ cm-hn-se s{S-bn≥- X-e-t»-cn: tZ-l-Øv akp-[m-I¿ tj-Wm-bn d l-÷p-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: I-b-‰nhn-´v Im¿ ÿn-c-am-bn ]m¿-°v sN-øm-dp-≈ k- sÆ-Æsbm-gn-®v Xo-s°mfp-Øn Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn s]m(66). jp-°q¿ (td-j≥ Uo_v P-bn¬ ]-cn-k-c-sØ a-c-Ø-W-en¬ F-Øn-b-Xm- ≈-te-‰ hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n `m-cy: sI P-b-¥n tje¿, C-cn-°q¿), Abn-cp-∂p. NnIn¬kb nen-cns° a-cnWm-bn. a-°ƒ: k-μo-]v –¬ -d-km-Jv, lp-kaq-Ø-a-I≥ Kn-cn-cm-P-t\m-Sv cm-hn-se 11Hm-sS Im-k¿- ®p. sIm-f-t»-cn ]m-d-s°tj-Wm-bn, kp-tc-J F- bv≥ lm-Pn, a-l-d-q-^v tIm-Uv {Sm-^n-Iv k¿-°n-fn-\v k-ao-]w F-Øm≥ B- ´n-se jn-_n-\m \n-hmkv sa-tK-cn. a-cp-a-I≥: (aq-h-cpw a-kv-°-Øv), D- h-iy-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. F-∂m¬ ]n-Xm-hn-s\ Im-Wm-Økn¬ _m-_p-˛-jo-e Z-ºi-in-[¿ sa-tK-cn. a¿-Ip-´n (J-Ø¿), IpXn-s\- Xp-S¿-∂v Im¿ ]m¿-°v sN-øp-∂ ÿ-e-Øv ]cn- Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-ƒ _-_nk-tlm-Z-c-߃: tam™m-an-\, Ip-™-eo-a, tim-[n-®-t∏m-gmWv a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. X(14)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gnl≥ Zm-kv tj-Wm-bn B-bn-i, kp-ss_-Z. aarX-tZlw t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰n\p tijw _- ™ sa-bv 30\m-Wv _-_n-X ho-´n¬-h-®v Xo-s°m-fp(_mw-•q¿), c-Lp-dmw cp-a-°ƒ: ssJ-dp-∂n-k, ‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-c-ta-iz-c≥-. tj-Wm-bn (]-®-°-dn km-Pn-X, k-lo-d, d-jo- am-Xm-hv: A-Ωn-Wn. `m-cy: Kn-cn-P. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Øn-b-Xv. X-e-t»-cn P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se {]m-Yan-I Nn-In¬-k-bv-°v ti-jw F-d-Wm-Ip-fw kn-‰n Bhym-]m-cn Im-™-ßmZ, \-Pv-a, In-Wm-°q¬ Ir-jv-W≥-Ip-´n, kp-μ-c≥, A-∏p-°p-´≥, ]p-jv-°-e. ip-]-{Xn-bn-se Nn-In¬-k-bv°nsSbm-Wv acWw. Sv), Zn-t\-iv tj-Wm-bn am-ap, t]m-°¿, im-Zp-en kw-`-h-Øn¬ _-_n-X-bp-sS am-Xr-k-tlm-Z-c≥ jn(]-®-°-dn hym-]m-cn apw- (J-Ø¿), ]-tc-X-\m-b Pp-hn-s‚ ]-cm-Xn-bn¬ ]m-e-bm-Sv kz-tZ-in-bm-b bpss_), \n-cp-]-a `-´v A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿. k]p-∂-bq¿-°p-fw: s]-cn-b-º-ew am-\-ho-bw tdm-Un¬ hm-hn-s\ t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øp. (_mw-•q¿), A-cp-W `-´v tlm-Z-c-߃: B-ky, ]-tc-X-\m-b sX-°q-´v k-l-tZ-h≥ a-I≥ s]m-t∂mIm-hpw-`m-Kw l-b¿-sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iq-fn-se ](apw-ss_). dp-Jn-b, ]-tc-X-\m-b Øv tem-ln-Xm-£≥ (58) a-kv-°-Øn¬ lr-Z-bm-Lm- Ømw X-cw hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-Wv _-_n-X. kv-Iqƒ bmt]m-°¿. Xwaq-ew a-cn-®p. I-gn-™ sNm-Δm-gvN cm-hn-se Xm-a- {X-bv-°n-sS Kp-Uvsj-Uv tdm-Uv Fw.sI.kn _n¬ta-cn k-ÿ-e-Øp \n-∂v tPm-enÿ-e-tØ-°v t]m-hp-∂- Un-Mn-se cm-b≥ _m-_p- F-∂ A-ºm-Sn-bp-am-bn {]]m-¯p-Ip-ª-½mÄ a-e-bm-‰q¿: ]-S-bm-´n ]Xn-\n-sS A-kzÿX A-\p-`-h-s∏-´ Ct±-lsØ D- W-b-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂-p. C-Xv ho-´p-Im¿ hn-e-°n-bXntc-X-\m-b tPm-k-^v `m- Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´: sX-t°S≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m- ep-≈ hnj-aam-Wv B-fl-l-Xy°v Im-c-W-am-b-sXc X-S-h-\m¬ ]-tc-Xcy ta-cn(95). a-°ƒ: B- °bn-√. H-cp am-kw ap-ºm-Wv \m-´n¬ h-∂v a-S-ßn-b-Xv. ∂mWv t]m-en-kn-\v e-`n-® kq-N-\. ]m-\q¿ kn.sF. \m-b ]o-cp-ap-l-Ω-Zv-Jm\n,tP-°-_v, ta-cn,eos‚ `m-cy ]m-Øp-Ip-™- kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 9\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. am-Xm- hn hn s_-∂n-°m-Wv tI-k-t\z-j-W Np-a-X-e. kem-Ω,tXm-a-kv,tPm-fn. hv: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-Ωm-fp. `m-cy: \-μn-\n. Ωm ƒ (90). tlm-Z-c-߃: jn-_n-\m-kv, jn-_n-\.

kzÀ-W-¸-Wn-¡m-c³ Im-dn-Â a-cn-¨\n-e-bnÂ

Im-knw ap³-jn

X-¦½-

\m-cm-b-W³

am-ap

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: dn-´. A-d_n-Iv A-[ym-]-I≥ sh≈m-∏n-se Fw Sn ]n Imknw ap≥-jn (65). NnØm-cn, _o-cn-t®-cn, Iqte-cn, sa-´-Ω¬ F-∂nhn-S-ß-fn-se K-h. F¬.]n kv-Iq-fn¬ Zo¿L-Im-ew A-d-_n-Iv A[ym-]-I-\m-bn {]-h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. sh-≈m-∏v hm¿-Uv eo-Kv {]-knU‚ v, kp-∂o a-l-√v s^-U-td-j≥ ]-©m-bØv sk-{I-´-dn, Fkv.ssh.F-kv `m-c-hmln, ]-©m-b-Øv apkvenw eo-Kv {]-h¿-ØIk-an-Xn Aw-Kw, sh≈m-∏v Jm-Zn ap¬ C-kvemw P-am-A-Øv I-Ωn-‰n {]-kn-U‚ v, sk-{I-´-dn, sa-´-Ω¬ ap-kv-enw P-amA-Øv sk-{I-´-dn F∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: F ]n k-^n-b-Øv. a-°ƒ: k-ao-d, k-^o¿ Im-knw (Ip-ssh-Øv), k-lo¿ Im-knw (A¬-sF≥), km-Pn-Z.

B-eØ - q¿: _m-¶v tdmUv ]-cp-h° - ¬ ]-tc-X\ - mb s]m-∂p-hn-s‚ `m-cy X¶-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: I-ae - w, ]-tc-X\ - m-b cm-a≥-Ip-´n. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ]m¿-hX - n, ]tc-X\ - m-b Ip-´n-Ir-jvW≥.

C-cn-´n: D-f-n-bn¬ h-´-°-bsØ ]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ Fw- ]n \m-cm-b-W≥ \ºym¿ (65). A-hn-hm-lnX-\m-Wv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: am-[-hn, cm-a-N-{μ≥. kwkv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

Pm-\I - n

A-_q-_-¡À

\o-te-iz-cw: tIm-fw-Ip-fØv Xm-ak - n-°p-∂ Cucm-´p-t]-´ I-fØ - q-°S- h - v h-cn-°m-\n-°¬ ho-´n¬ Pm-\I - n (98). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\ - m-b \m-cm-bW≥. a-°ƒ: k-tcm-Pn\n, `m¿-Kh - n, `m-cX - n, `mkvI - c - ≥, Nn-∂Ω - , k-ck - Ω, `m-\p-aX - n, Hm-a\ - . a-cpa-°ƒ: `m-kI v- c - ≥, tKm]m-e≥, Ip-am-c≥, a-Wn-bΩ, {io-[c - ≥, `m-kI v- c - ≥, tKm-]m-e≥.

sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿: Ip∂n¬ kn-dm-Pp¬ D-epw aZv-d-k-°v k-ao-]-sØ sI A-_q-_-°¿ (66) `m-cy: \-_o-k. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d^v, \u-jm-Zv, l¿-jm-°v, B-bn-j, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C-{_m-low, kp-a-ø. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X-cm-b A-–p¬ -JmZ¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-–p¿dlvv-am≥, A-∫m-kv, ^mØn-a.

C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g Kh. bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p kao-]w sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv lu-kn¬ th-en-°-IØv am-ap (82). C-cn-°q-dnse ]-g-b-Im-e I-S-e hym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv ssk\-_. a-°ƒ: kp-l-d, Ip¬-kp-Ω, l-^v-k-Øv, d-jo-Z, ap-\o-d, sam-bvXo≥ Ip-´n (Kƒ-^v), i-d^p-±o≥, A-–p¿-d-km-Jv \-Zv-hn (k-Z¿ ap-A-√nw, Im-™n-tcm-Sv a-Zv-d-k), ajv-lq-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sambv-Xp, _-jo¿, A-_p au-e-hn, A-–p¿d-lvam≥, km-_n-d, ssk-_p∂n-k, ^m-Øn-a, B-bni, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-cnbn¬ aq-km≥.

s]-cp-h-¥m\w: ]m-d-bv°¬ In-g-°-bn¬ ]n ]n ao-cm-Æ≥(65). `mcy: ^mØn-a. a°ƒ: k-°o¿, km-Pn-Z.

B-e-∏p-g: ]-Sn-°m-Ø-d ao-\-tØ-cn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]n sI th-em-bp-[≥ sshZy≥-sc a-I≥ ]n hn kpIp-am-c≥ (90).

ao-cm®³

kp-Ip-amc³

Um³kÀ btimZc³ sXmSp]pg : sXmSp]pg bnse BZyIme Um≥ kv- amkv-‰dmb aTØn °≠w \rØ Ieme bbn¬ Um≥k¿ sI b timZc≥ (83).

bp-h-Xn sh-t«-äp a-cn-¨ tIkv: hn-e-¡p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn-¨v "KÀ-`-{io-am³' Xn-tb-ä-dp-I-fn-te-¡v `À-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-³ A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sI.sP s{]m-U-£≥-kn-s‚ _m-\dn¬ {]-i-kv-X Om-bm-{Km-lI≥ A-\n¬ tKm-]n-\m-Yv kwhn-[m-\w sNøp∂ K¿-`-{ioam≥ -hn-e-°p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn®v Xntb-‰-dp-I-fn-te-°v. ]p-cpj≥ K¿-`w [-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂{]ta-b-Øn¬ \n¿an-°p∂ Nn{X-Øn-¬ kp-cm-Pv sh-™m-d-aqSv BWv \m-b-I≥. C-tX B-i-b-w Dƒ-s°m-≠v kn-\n-a-sbm-cp-°m≥ {i-an-®n-cp∂ kp-[o-jvIp-am¿ K¿-`-{io-ams‚ Xn-c-°-Ybv-°v X-s‚ I-Ybp-am-bn km-ay-ap-s≠-∂v Btcm-]n-®v s^-^v-I-sbbpw s{]m-Uyq-tk-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j-s\-bpw k-ao-]n-®n-cp-∂p.

B-tcm-]-W-Øn¬ I-g-ºn-s√∂-Xn-\m¬ A-h¿ ]-cm-Xn X≈n-. Xp-S¿-∂v kp-[o-jv Pn-√m tIm-S-Xn-sb- k-ao-]n-®p. Xn-c°-Y-Iƒ c-≠pw ]-cn-tim-[n-®v km-ay-an-s√-∂v tIm-S-Xn hn-ebn-cp-Øn. Xp-S¿-∂v kn-\n-a-bpsS dn-eo-kn-Mv X-S-bm≥ sslt°m-S-Xn-sb k-ao-]n-®v tà hm-ßn. F-∂m-¬, Pn-√m tIm-SXn-°v A-©p-e-£w cq-] _m-¶v Kym-c‚n \¬-In Nn-{Xw dn-eo-kv sN-øm≥ ssl-t°m-S-Xn D-Øhn-´p. hm¿- Ø m- k - t Ω- f - \ - Ø n¬ kw-hn-[m-b-I≥ A-\n¬ tKm]n-\m-Yv, Xn-c-°-Ym-Ir-Øv kph-N≥, \-Sn Ku-cn-Ir-jv-W ]s¶-Sp-Øp.

I-bv-]-aw-K-ew (Xriq¿): Im-fap-dn-bn¬ bp-h-Xn sh-t´-‰p a-cn® tIkn¬ `¿-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-≥ A-d-Ãn¬. ]-≈n-∏-d-ºn¬ C-kvam-Cu¬(40) B-Wv A-d-Ãn-emb-Xv. k-tlm-Z-c≥ C-kv-lm-Jen-bp-sS `m-cy Pm-kv-an-\m(38)Wv C-kv-am-Cuen-s‚ sh-t´-‰v acn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw cm-hnse H-º-tXm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. H-fn-hn¬t]m-b {]-Xn sIm-Sp-ß√q¿ t]m-en-kn¬ Io-g-S-ßp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kn.sF sI sP ]o‰-dpw kw-L-hpw C-bm-fp-sS A-dÃv tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn. {]-Xn-bpw sIm-√-s∏-´ Pm-kvan-\pw \m-fp-I-fm-bn X¿°-Ønem-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-\nsS th-en sI-´p-∂-Xn-\n-sS s]-s´-∂p-≠m-

C-kv-am-Cu¬ b X¿-°-am-Wv sIme-bn¬ Iem-in-®-sX-∂pw {]-Xn t]m-enkn-t\m-Sp k-Ω-Xn-®p. th-en sI´m\m-bn X-dn-Iƒ sh-´m≥ I-cpXn-b I-ØnsIm≠mWv {]-Xn Pmkvans\ IpØn-b-Xv.

Xo-s¡m-fp-¯n-b hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n a-cn-¨p; kp-lr-¯v I-Ì-Un-bnÂ

a-kv-¡¯n \ncym-X-\mbn

20 e-£-¯n-sâ kzÀ-Ww ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn I-cn-∏q¿: F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-®p-I-S-Øn-b 20 e-£-Øn-s‚ 699 {Kmw kz¿-Ww F-b¿ I-Ãw-kv C‚-en-P≥-kv ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn. C-∂-se tZm-l-bn¬-\n-∂v F-b¿C-¥ym F-Iv-kv-{]- v hnam-\-Øn¬ I-cn-∏q-cn-se-Øn-b sIm-Sp-h-≈n h-en-b-]-d-ºv ap-lΩ-Zv a≥-kq-dn(32)¬- \n-∂m-Wp Ch ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n-\p-≈nse _m-‰-dn-bp-sS ÿm-\-Øv 24 I- j - W - ß - f m- ° n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p kz¿-W-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. F-Ivkv-td ]-cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ kw-ibwtXm-∂n A-[n-Ir-X¿ ]-cntim-[n-®-t∏m-gm-Wp kz-¿-Ww Is≠-Øn-b-Xv.

sI.F-kv.C._n. Km-Uv-KnÂ: tIm¬-{K-Ên-\pw IcmÀ Po-h-\-¡m-c³ kn.]n.F-½n-\pw \n-e-]m-Sv t¡-äp a-cn-¨p B-e-Øq¿: sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂am-tä-−-Xm-bn h-cpw: ]n Sn tXm-a-kv tjmXn-\n-sS sI.F-kv.C._n. I-cm¿ B-ep-h: Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´ns\ F-Xn¿-°p-∂ \n-e-]m-Sn¬ \n-∂p kn.]n.Fw., tIm¨-{K-kv Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈ ap-Jym-[m-cm cm{„o-b ]m¿-´n-Iƒ-°v C-∂-s√¶n¬ \m-sf ]n-∑m-td-≠n-h-cp-sa∂v ap≥ Fw.]n. ]n Sn tXm-a-kv. B-ep-h ]-cn-ÿn-Xn kw-c-£W-kw-L-Øn-s‚ `q-anan-{X ]p-ckv-Im-cw P-Ãn-kv sI kp-Ip-am-c\n¬ \n-∂v G-‰p-hm-ßn kw-kmcn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ F∂pw F-Xn¿-°p-∂-h-sc N-cn{Xw N-h‰p-Ip´-bn-te-°p X-≈psa-∂ Im-cy-Øn¬ kw-i-bw th≠. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ A-

\p-Iq-en-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cn¬ h-f-sctb-sd {]-bm-k-߃ hy-‡n-]c-am-bn X-\n-°p t\-cn-tS-≠n-hs∂-¶n-epw C-Xn¬ Zp-xJ-an-√. ]›n-a-L-´-a-e-\n-c-Iƒ C-t∏mƒ kw-c-£n-°m≥ I-gn-™n-s√¶n¬ ]n-∂o-Sv H-cn-°-epw I-gn-bn√. C-Sp-°n-bpƒ-s∏-sS G-Xm\pw Pn-√-I-fn-se I¿-j-I-sc _m-[n-°p-∂ {]-iv-\-߃ am-{Xam-bn C-Xn-s\ ]-cn-an-X-s∏-SpØ-cp-sX∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d™p. N-S-ßn¬ A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv Fw.F¬.F., Nn-∂≥ sI ss]\m-S-Øv, kn B¿ \o-e-I-WvT≥, C-kv-abn¬ kw-km-cn-®p.

Po-h-\-°m-c≥ tjm-t°-‰p a-cn®p. B-eØq¿ _m-¶vtdm-Uv ]-d-°p∂w c-¶-s‚ aI≥ Ip-©pth-e≥ (42) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. F-cn-a-bq¿ tXm-´p-]me-sØ- k-ao-]-sØ t]m-kv-‰n¬ sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bmWv kw-`-hw. D-S≥ B-e-Øq-cnse B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw a-c-n-®p. `m-cy: kp-kv-an-X. a-°ƒ: B-cy, A-Jn-e, A-RvP\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ir-jv-W≥.


8

kozhikode P/W

thÀ-]mSv

KANNUR

6 Pq¨ 2014 sh≈n

A-½-bpw a-I-fpw s]m-Å-te-äv a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

Im-knw ap³-jn

X-¦½-

\m-cm-b-W³

am-ap

kp-[m-IÀ tj-Wm-bn

kp-l-d l-Öp-½

I-eym-Wn A-½

B-bn-im-_n

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: dn-´. A-d-_nIv A-[ym-]-I≥ sh-≈m∏n-se Fw Sn ]n Im-knw ap≥-jn (65). Nn-Øm-cn, _o-cn-t®-cn, Iq-te-cn, sa-´Ω¬ F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn-se K-h. F¬.]n kv-Iq-fn¬ Zo¿-L-Im-ew A-d-_n-Iv A-[ym-]-I-\m-bn {]-h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. sh-≈m-∏v hm¿-Uv eo-Kv {]-kn-U‚ v, kp-∂o a-l-√v s^-U-tdj≥ ]-©m-b-Øv sk-{I-´dn, F-kv.ssh.F-kv `m-chm-ln, ]-©m-b-Øv apkvenw eo-Kv {]-h¿-ØIk-an-Xn Aw-Kw, sh-≈m∏v Jm-Zn ap¬ C-kv-emw Pam-A-Øv I-Ωn-‰n {]-knU‚ v, sk-{I-´-dn, sa-´Ω¬ ap-kv-enw P-am-A-Øv sk-{I-´-dn F-∂o \n-e-Ifn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: F ]n k-^n-b-Øv. a-°ƒ: k-ao-d, k-^o¿ Im-knw (Ip-ssh-Øv), klo¿ Im-knw (A¬sF≥), km-Pn-Z. a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv Ip-´n (a-teky), d-^o-Jv (Zp-_-bv), klo-d. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: lp ≥-lm-Pn, D-Ω¿, ]-tc-X\m-b kp-sse-am≥.

B-eØ - q¿: _m-¶v tdm-Uv ]-cp-h° - ¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b s]m-∂p-hn-s‚ `m-cy X-¶Ω (90). a-°ƒ: I-ae - w, ]tc-X\ - m-b cm-a≥-Ip-´n. a-cpa-°ƒ: ]m¿-hX - n, ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-´n-Ir-jW v- ≥.

C-cn-´n: D-f-n-bn¬ h-´-°b-sØ ]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ Fw- ]n \m-cm-b-W≥ \ºym¿ (65). A-hn-hm-lnX-\m-Wv. k-tlm-Z-c߃: am-[-hn, cm-a-N{μ≥. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p-cm-hn-se 10\v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬.

Im-™-ßm-Sv: \-K-cØn-se B-Zy-Im-e ioX-f]m-\o-b D-¬-∏m-Z-\ I-º-\n D-S-a-I-fn-sem-cmfm-b Im-™-ßm-s´ sI kp-[m-I¿ tj-Wm-bn (66). `m-cy: sI P-b-¥n tjWm-bn. a-°ƒ: k-μo-]v tj-Wm-bn, kp-tc-J Fkv sa-tK-cn. a-cp-a-I≥: i-in-[¿ sa-tK-cn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: taml≥ Zm-kv tj-Wm-bn (_mw-•q¿), c-Lp-dmw tj-Wm-bn (]-®-°-dn hym-]m-cn Im-™-ßmSv), Zn-t\-iv tj-Wm-bn (]-®-°-dn hym-]m-cn apwss_), \n-cp-]-a `-´v (_mw-•q¿), A-cp-W `-´v (apw-ss_).

C-cn-°q¿: Iq-cm-cn ]pXn-b-]p-c- sam-bn-e-Øv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX°p-ºm-Øv ap-l-Ω-Zns‚ `m-cy ]n Fw kp-ld l-÷p-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: jp-°q¿ (td-j≥ Uoe¿, C-cn-°q¿), A–¬ -d-km-Jv, lp-kbv≥ lm-Pn, a-l-d-q-^v (aq-h-cpw a-kv-°-Øv), Da¿-Ip-´n (J-Ø¿), Ip™m-an-\, Ip-™-eo-a, B-bn-i, kp-ss_-Z. acp-a-°ƒ: ssJ-dp-∂n-k, km-Pn-X, k-lo-d, d-joZ, \-Pv-a, In-Wm-°q¬ am-ap, t]m-°¿, im-Zp-en (J-Ø¿), ]-tc-X-\m-b A-–p¬ Jm-Z¿. ktlm-Z-c-߃: B-ky, dp-Jn-b, ]-tc-X-\m-b t]m-°¿.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: D-Zn-\q-cnse ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-cam-cm-dp-sS `m-cy hn hn I-eym-Wn A-Ω (87). a°ƒ: _m-_p-cm-Pv, ]fln-\n, t_-_n Kn-cn-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-{]-`, ]tc-X-\m-b {io-[-c-amcm¿. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \m-cm-b-Wnb-Ω, ]-tc-Xcm-b tKm-hn-μ-am-cm¿, Ir-jv-W-am-cm¿.

sN-dp-h-Æq¿: tIm-´-em-S ]-tc-X-\m-b ta-S-∏-d-ºn¬ sk-bv-Xm-en-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-im-_n (66). a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ \-Po-_v, A-_vZp¬ hm-ln-Zv (C-cp-h-cpw _n-kn-\-kv), kp-l-dm-_n, k-°o-\, sj-l¿-_m-\p, k-^n-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tImb (A-c-°n-W¿), a-Po-Zv (bp.F.C), jw-kp-±o≥ (im-c-Zm-a-μn-cw), j-co-^v (\-√-fw), _n-®o-hn, ssjP.

F-S° - c - : Xm-sg am-am-¶c s]-cp-º≈ - n-°p-t∂¬ ]u-tem-kv (53).- `m-cy: Fm-en-bm-Ω.- a-°ƒ: en-X t]mƒ, en-Pn t]mƒ, F¬tZm-kv, en-\n t]mƒ. -

tKm-]m-e³

C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g Kh. bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p kao-]w sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv lu-kn¬ th-en-°-IØv am-ap (82). C-cn-°q-dnse ]-g-b-Im-e I-S-e hym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv ssk\-_. a-°ƒ: kp-l-d, Ip¬-kp-Ω, l-^v-k-Øv, d-jo-Z, ap-\o-d, sam-bvXo≥ Ip-´n (Kƒ-^v), i-d^p-±o≥, A-–p¿-d-km-Jv \-Zv-hn (k-Z¿ ap-A-√nw, Im-™n-tcm-Sv a-Zv-d-k), ajv-lq-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sambv-Xp, _-jo¿, A-_p au-e-hn, A-–p¿d-lvam≥, km-_n-d, ssk-_p∂n-k, ^m-Øn-a, B-bni, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-cnbn¬ aq-km≥. k-tlm-Zc-߃: A-–p- -emw, ]tc-X-cm-b C-{_m-low, am-bn≥, B-bn-i.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: A-cn-b√q¿ h-S-s° s\-t√-cn tKm-]m-e≥ (76). `m-cy: kp-io-e. a-Iƒ: in¬-∏.

]mt¯ma

^m-¯n-am l-Öp-½

Ip-ªm-bn-i

th-em-bp-[³

a-ºm-Sv: Hm-Sm-bn-°¬ ]tc-X-\m-b F-S-Ø-S-Øn¬ Ip-™-e-hn lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ^m-Øn-am l-÷pΩ (68). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ _m-h, A-_q-_°¿, A-_v-Zp¬ A-ko-kv, kp-sse-am-≥, bq-k-^v, bq-\p-kv, J-Zo-P, km-Pn-X, ko-\-Øv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kpsse-am≥, ap-Po-_v, A-_q_-°¿, B-bn-i, ssa-aq\, P-ko-\, lp-ssP-d, dpjv-Z.

]-∂n-t°m-´q¿: tIm-tdmØp-Ip-∂p-Ω¬ ]-tc-X-\mb a-Ωp-hn-s‚ `m-cy Ip™m-bn-i (83). a-°ƒ: A-–p-¿d-lvam≥, B-en, A-–p¬ A-ko-kv, B-bni, k-^n-b, ssk-\-_. acp-a-°ƒ: A-_q-_-°¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, tIm-b-°p-´n.

Ip-ª-½-Zv hm-Wn-ta¬: sN-∂m-´v Ip™-Ω-Zv (95). `m-cy: B-bni. a-°ƒ: Ip-™-–p-√, aq- , sam-bv-Xp, B-en-lk≥, l-eo-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xp, ]m-Øp, k-^nb, B-bn-i, dm-_n-b.

Nn-cp-X Ip-‰ym-Sn: sN-dn-b-Ip-º-fsØ ]-tc-X-\m-b I-°-Sbn¬ I-Wm-c-s‚ `m-cy Nncp-X (97). a-°ƒ: Ip-™ncm-a≥, i-¶-c≥, cm-P≥, Ieym-Wn, b-tim-Z, ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jv-W≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-apÆn, \m-Wp.

Pm-\I - n \o-te-iz-cw: tIm-fw-Ip-fØv Xm-ak - n-°p-∂ Cu-cm´p-t]-´ I-fØ - q-°S- h - v h-cn°m-\n-°¬ ho-´n¬ Pm-\In (98). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b \m-cm-bW - ≥. a°ƒ: k-tcm-Pn-\n, `m¿-Khn, `m-cX - n, `m-kI v- c - ≥, Nn∂-Ω, k-ck - Ω - , `m-\p-aXn, Hm-a\ - . a-cp-a° - ƒ: `mkvI - c - ≥, tKm-]m-e≥, Ipam-c≥, a-Wn-bΩ - , {io-[c≥, `m-kI v- c - ≥, tKm-]me≥.

]u-tem-kv

A-_q-_-¡À sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿: Ip∂n¬ kn-dm-Pp¬ D-epw a-Zv-d-k-°v k-ao-]-sØ sI A-_q-_-°¿ (66) `m-cy: \-_o-k. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v, \u-jm-Zv, l¿-jm-°v, B-bn-j, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C{_m-low, kp-a-ø. ktlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X-cmb A-–p¬ -Jm-Z¿, ap-lΩ-Zv, A-–p¿d-lv-am≥, A-∫m-kv, ^m-Øn-a.

A-ßm-Sn-∏p-dw: tZ-isØ X-´m≥ F-∂-dn-bs∏-´n-cp-∂ A-ßm-Sn-∏pdw ap-Xp-h-d-]-d-ºn¬ them-bp-[≥ (95). `m-cy: ]m-dp-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: _me-Ir-jv-W≥, k-c-kz-Xn, P-\m¿-±-\≥, kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿, N-{μn-I, cm-P≥, A\n¬-Ip-am¿, cm-tP-jv, Ip-ª-Ðp-à Ip-‰ym-Sn: ss]-°-f-ßm-Sn \n-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-a-Wn, a-W-°-c A-Ω-Zv-ap-kveym- A-Nyp-X≥, hn-P-b-Ip-amcp-sS a-I≥ Ip-™-–p-√ cn, kp-μ-c≥, _n-μp, kv(44). `m-cy: sk-bv-\. a\n-Kv-Z, Pn-j, i-in. °ƒ: a-bn-Pp-_, ap-^o-Z, an≥-lm-Pv, k-l-e. kkq-¸n- lm-Pn tlm-Z-c-߃: sam-bv-Xp \m-Zm-]p-cw: I-°w-sh(Zp-_m-bv), kq-∏n, k-emw, ≈n-bn-se \-Sp-hn-se-Sp]-tc-X-\m-b l-ao-Zv, A-bn- Øv kq-∏n- lm-Pn (95). ip. a-øn-Øv \-a-kv-Im-cw `m-cy: a-dn-bw l-÷p-Ω. C-∂v cm-hn-se sIm-S-°¬ a-°ƒ: A-–p-√ -lm-Pn, Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬. Ip-™n-∏m-Øp, \-^ok, B-bn-i. t{]-a³ h-S-I-c: ap-°-fn sIm-f-dm- a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_q-_Sv-sX-cp-hv a-W-tem-Sn Xm- °¿, t]m-°¿-lm-Pn, AsgIp-\n-bn¬ hn sI t{]- –p¬- a-Po-Zv. G-sd-°ma≥ (53). `m-cy: c-Rv-Pn-\n. ew I-°w-sh-≈n _na-°ƒ: {]-Pn-Øv, {io-{]n- em¬ a-kv-Pn-Zv, C- b. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tcm- Øp¬ C-kv-emw a-Zv-d-k ln-Wn, Zm-k≥, kp-tc-jv- F-∂o ÿm-]-\-ß-fp-sS `m-c-hm-ln-bm-bn-cp-∂p. _m-_p.

`m-kv-¡-c³ F-S-∏m-ƒ: h-t∂-cn sNdm-bn¬ kn sI `m-kv-°c≥ (67). X-´m≥ k¿-hokv skm-ssk-‰n F-S∏mƒ bq-\n-‰v c-£m-[nIm-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: c-a-Wn. a-°ƒ: e¬-kn, c-Rv-Pn-X, c-ay. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-tP-jv (JØ¿), c-ta-iv.-

_m-e-Ir-j-vW-¡p-dp-¸v

ti-J-c³ Nm-h-°m-Sv-: H-cp-a-\-bq¿ hn-√yw-kv- ta-∏p-d-Øvti-J-c≥(69). `m-cy: hntim-Z-c. a-°ƒ: ko-a, iymw-em¬, tkm-Wntamƒ.

sN-dn-bm³

ap≠-°¬: ]md-t∏ßm´v ]mtØma (70) . a°ƒ: tam\p-±o≥, ^mØna.

Xp-Δq¿: sX-°pw-]p-dsØ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-∂Øv sam-bv-Xp-´n-bp-sS `mcy ^m-Øn-a (75). a°ƒ: A-–p¬ P-eo¬, J-Zo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _pjv-d, bq-\-kv.

]-´n-°m-Sv: Ip-dp-a-‰-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]u-tem-kv a-I≥ sN-dn-bm≥(63). `m-cy: t{K-kn. a-°ƒ: t•m-dn, tKm-Uv-en.

Ip-‰ym-Sn: N-ß-cw-Ip-fw bp.]n kv-Iqƒ dn-´. A[ym-]-I≥ F-S-Øn-°≠n _m-e-Ir-jv-W-°p-dp∏v (85). `m-cy: hn-P-b-e£v-an. a-°ƒ: Aw-_p-Pm£≥ (Ip-≠p-tXm-Sv Pn.bp.]n.F-kv), a-t\m-PvIp-am¿ (sd-bn¬th, ]m-e°m-Sv), A-P-b-Ip-am¿, do\, kv-an-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssj-P (ap-bn-t∏m-Øv bp.]n.F-kv), cm-K-{io, Kw-Km-[-c≥, k-Po-h≥ (sI.F-kv.B-¿.Sn.kn. B-‰n-߬).

A-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n

Un-t\m-bv-_m-_p

X-dp-ssh lm-Pn

A-Ðp-Ã _m-J-hn -

Ip-ªn-ap-l-½-Zv

F-S-°-c: ap-≠ A-≠n°p-∂n-se Im-´p-I-≠≥ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (am-\p°m-°-˛90). a-°ƒ: _m∏p-´n, sN-dn-tbm≥, Ip™m-∏, A-_p, \-^ok, ^m-Øn-a, J-Zo-P, ssk-\-_, B-k-y. a-cpa-°ƒ: B-k-y, D-ΩpIp¬-kp, dw-e-Øv, kpsse-J, Ip-™n-_m-∏p, lw-k, ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-en k-lo¿, A-_q_-°¿.

ap-°w: kn.]n.sF Pn-√m F-Iv-kn-Iyq-´o-hv I-Ωn-‰n Aw-Kw ]n sI I-Æ-s‚ a-I≥ tXm-´-°m-Sv ]-d-b-cv Ip-∂-Øv Un-t\m-bv-_m_p (32). am-Xm-hv: im-c-Z. `m-cy: k-cn-X (A-¶-Whm-Sn h¿-°¿). a-°ƒ: \n-th-Zy, ssh-K. k-tlmZ-c-߃: _n-t\m-bv, s_\o-jv, `m-an-\n.

hm-Wn-ta¬: hm-Wnta¬ ]-©m-b-Øv ap-kvenw- eo-Kv I-Ωn-‰n {]-knU‚pw {I-k‚ v ssl-kvIqƒ am-t\-P-cp-am-b ]pXn-tbm-´n¬ X-dp-ssh lm-Pn (78). hm-Wn-ta¬ {Km-a-∏-©m-b-Øv {]-knU‚ v, ap-kv-enw- eo-Kv kw-ÿm-\ Iu¨-kn¬ \n-tbm-P-I-a-fi-ew IΩn-‰n J-Pm-©n, kz-X{¥ I¿-j-Ikw-Lw kwÿm-\ {]-h¿-Ø-I-k-anXn Aw-Kw F-∂o ÿm\-߃ h-ln-®n-´p≠v. `m-cy-am¿: I-Zo-i , ]-tc-Xbm-b am-an. a-°ƒ: A-ΩZv-Ip-´n, ss^-k¬, tªm°v ]-©m-b-Øv Aw-Kw ]n kp-d-ø ({I-k‚ v ssl-kv-Iqƒ A-[ym-]nI), jm-ln-\, i-ao-a ({Ik‚ v ssl-kv-Iqƒ A[ym-]n-I), ]-tc-X-\m-b kp-ss_-¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-l-d, ku-Z, ]n hn AΩ-Zv (dn-´. A-[ym-]-I≥ {I-k‚ v ssl-kv-Iqƒ), ]p-Ø≥]o-Sn-I-bn¬ lmjnw, Sn sI A-–p-∂mk¿.

cm-a-]p-cw: ]m-Xn-c-a-Æ Icn-º-\-°¬ A-–p-√ _mJ-hn (54). {]-ap-J- hm-Kvanbpw k-a-kv-X Fkv.ssh.F-kv t\-Xm-hp-amb ]m-Xn-c-a-Æ A-–p¿-dlvam≥ ss^-kn-bp-sS ktlm-Z-c\mWv. hm-g-°m-Sv h-en-b Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv, Aco-t°m-Sv, hm-°m-eq¿, aq-f∏p-dw, cm-a-\m-´p-I-c F-∂nhn-S-ß-fn¬ Jm-kn, JØo-_v ÿm-\-߃ h-ln®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy-am¿: kpsse-J. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv kzm-en-lv Zm-cn-an, km-Zn-Jv A-en, j-_o¿ A-en, j^o-Jv, j-^o-\, A-Pv-a¬. a-cp-a-Iƒ: j-_v-\. a-‰p-ktlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´n, J-Zo-P, B-an-\.

aq-®n-°¬: X-d-Ω¬ Ip™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv (53). `mcy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: ^ukn-b, k-_n-\, kw-jo\, k-l-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: apkv-X-^, ^m-dq-Jv, K-±m^n.

]m-¯p-«n- l-Öp-½ tIm-´-°¬: tIm-gn-s®\ s]-cp-a-Æ kz-tZ-in ]tc-X-\m-b ]m-S-t©-cn apl-Ω-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy No-c-¶p-f-ß-c ]m-Øp-´n l-÷p-Ω (82). a-°ƒ: F-d-ap-´n (Zp-_bv), Ip-™-–p-√, A-ehn, A-–p-¿d-lvam≥, ssk-Xm-en-°p-´n (C-cph-cpw Zp-_-bv), _n-øp, Ip-™m-bn-i, Ip-™n∏m-Øp-Ω, ssa-aq-\.-a-cpa-°ƒ: ^m-Øn-a kp-ld, J-Zo-P, J-Zo-P, j-ao-a, \p-ssk-_.

^m-¯n-a-

Ip-ª-Ðp-à sXm-´n¬-∏m-ew: ss]-°f-ßm-Sn-bn-se a-W-°-c Fw sI kn Ip-™-–p√ (^v-ssf-sh¬˛43). dlva tlm-kv-]n-‰¬ {S-Ãv Aw-K-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]n-Xmhv: a-W-°-c A-Ω-Zv, amXm-hv-: J-Zo-P. `m-cy: ssk-\-_ (tN-e-°m-Sv). a-°ƒ: k-l-e, sa-lv-Pp_n≥, ap-^o-Zv, an-≥lmPv, k-tlm-Z-c-߃: a-W°-c sam-bv-Xp (Zp-_m-bv, sN-b¿-am≥ C-kvem-ln Nm-cn-‰-_nƒ {S-Ãv ss]°-f-ßm-Sn), A-bv-ip (tZh¿-tIm-hn¬), kq-∏n (A-_qZ-_n), A-–p- emw, ]-tc-X-\m-b A–p¬ l-ao-Zv.

J-Zo-P l-Öp-½ sIm-Sp-h-≈n: B-cm-{ºw F-S-bm-Sn-s]m-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b D-ssk-s‚ `m-cy JZo-P- l-÷p-Ω (55). a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-–p¬ d-km-Jv, km-Pn-X, lm-P-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: j-ao-d, ^m-Øna, A-–p¬ A-ko-kv, ]tc-X-\m-b A-–p-¿d-lvam≥Ip-´n.

X-¦-½ {io-aq-e-\-K-cw: ]m-dsØ-‰ ]-tc-X-\m-b Imt´-Øv ho-´n¬ cm-a-s‚ `m-cy X-¶-Ω(68). in-h-Pn]p-cw hm-tg-en-∏-d-ºn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a°ƒ: ]-tc-X-bm-b ssje, Pn-Pn, kp-tem-N-\, Dj. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hm-kp, B-\-μ≥, {]-Zo-]v.-

tKm-]m-e³ B-∏m-©n-d: Im-embn¬ C B¿ tKm-]me≥ (75). kw-kv-Im-cw \S-Øn. `m-cy: sN-Ω-\Øp-I-c I-dp-I-¥-e Iuk-ey. a-°ƒ: P-b-Ipam¿, am-b, A-P-b-Ipam¿, {]o-b, A-`n-em-jv, l-co-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: thWp, tKm-]m¬, kp-tc{μ≥, Zo-], am-b, k-Pn-X.

B-e-Øq¿: A-Ωsb-bpw a-Isf-bpw s]m-≈-te-‰v acn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. s\-∑m-d t]-gp-w-]m-d Np-¶∏p-cho-´n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b hm-kp-hn-s‚ `m-cy A-Ωmfp (73), a-Iƒ k-Pn-X (37) F-∂n-h-sc-bm-Wv hym-gm-gvN ]I¬ 11.30\v s]m-≈te-‰ \n-e-bn¬ I-≠X -- v. hoSn-\p-tN¿-∂p-≈ Ip-fn-ap-dn- A-Ωm-fp bn¬ \n-∂v ]p-I- D-b-cp-∂XpI≠v FØnb kao-]hm-kn-Iƒ Chsc D-S≥ s\-∑m-d K-h. B-ip-]-{Xnb-se-Øn-s®¶n-epw c£n°m-\m-bn√. s\-∑m-d K-h. B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´w \-S-Øn-b-ti-jw ssh-Iot´m-sS t]-gpw-]m-d ]p-g s]m- X p- i v - a - i m- \ - Ø n¬ k-Pn-X kw-kv-I-cn-®p. k-Pn-X Ahn-hm-ln-X-bm-Wv. A-Ωm-fp-hn-s‚ a-‰pa-°ƒ: l-cnZm-kv, P-b≥. Ip-fn-ap-dn-bn¬ a-sÆ-Æ-sbm-gn-®v kzbw Xo-s°m-fp-Øn a-cn-®-Xm-sW-∂p kwi-bn-°p-∂Xmbn s\-∑m-d t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p.

Xo-s¡m-fp-¯n-b hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n a-cn-¨p; kp-lr-¯v I-Ì-Un-bnÂ

X-e-t»-cn: tZ-l-Øv asÆ-Æsbm-gn-®v Xo-s°mfp-Øn Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn s]m≈-te-‰ hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n NnIn¬k-bn-en-cns° a-cn®p. sIm-f-t»-cn ]m-d-s°´n-se jn-_n-\m \n-hmkn¬ _m-_p-˛-jo-e Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-I-ƒ _-_nX(14)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn™ sa-bv 30\m-Wv _-_n-X ho-´n¬-h-®v Xo-s°m-fpØn-b-Xv. X-e-t»-cn P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se {]m-Yan-I Nn-In¬-k-bv-°v ti-jw F-d-Wm-Ip-fw kn-‰n Bip-]-{Xn-bn-se Nn-In¬-k-bv°nsSbm-Wv acWw. kw-`-h-Øn¬ _-_n-X-bp-sS am-Xr-k-tlm-Z-c≥ jnPp-hn-s‚ ]-cm-Xn-bn¬ ]m-e-bm-Sv kz-tZ-in-bm-b bphm-hn-s\ t]m-en-kv I-kv-‰-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øp. Im-hpw-`m-Kw l-b¿-sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iq-fn-se ]Ømw X-cw hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bm-Wv _-_n-X. kv-Iqƒ bm{X-bv-°n-sS Kp-Uvsj-Uv tdm-Uv Fw.sI.kn _n¬Un-Mn-se cm-b≥ _m-_p- F-∂ A-ºm-Sn-bp-am-bn {]W-b-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂-p. C-Xv ho-´p-Im¿ hn-e-°n-bXnep-≈ hnj-aam-Wv B-fl-l-Xy°v Im-c-W-am-b-sX∂mWv t]m-en-kn-\v e-`n-® kq-N-\. ]m-\q¿ kn.sF. hn hn s_-∂n-°m-Wv tI-k-t\z-j-W Np-a-X-e. ktlm-Z-c-߃: jn-_n-\m-kv, jn-_n-\.

kzÀ-W-¸-Wn-¡m-c³ Im-dn-Â a-cn-¨\n-e-bnÂ

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: \-K-c-Øn-se Pz-√-dn-I-fn¬ B-`-cW-߃ \n¿-an-®p-\¬-Ip-∂-bm-sf Im-dn-\p≈n¬ acn-®\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. tIm-´-bpw In-S-ßq¿ kuØn-se a-‰-Øn¬ lu-kn¬ \-S-cm-P-s\(51)bm-Wv C-∂-se cm-hn-se 12Hm-sS ]-≈w tdm-Un-se k-_v Pbn-en-\v ]n-∂n¬ \n¿-Øn-bn-´ Im-dn¬ a-cn-®\n-ebn¬ I-≠-Xv. 30 h¿-j-am-bn \-K-c-Øn-se Pz-√-dn-I-fn¬ B-`-cW-߃ \n¿-an-®p\¬-In-h-cp∂ \-S-cm-P≥ 15 h¿-jtØm-f-am-bn ]-∂n-∏m-d-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_-k-ta-Xw Xm-akn-®p-h-cn-I-bm-bncp-∂p. I-Æq-cn¬ Iw-]yq-´¿ tIm-gvkn-\v ]Tn-°p-∂ a-I≥ k-Xy-s\ cm-hn-se s{S-bn≥I-b-‰nhn-´v Im¿ ÿn-c-am-bn ]m¿-°v sN-øm-dp-≈ k_v P-bn¬ ]-cn-k-c-sØ a-c-Ø-W-en¬ F-Øn-b-Xmbn-cp-∂p. aq-Ø-a-I≥ Kn-cn-cm-P-t\m-Sv cm-hn-se 11Hm-sS Im-k¿tIm-Uv {Sm-^n-Iv k¿-°n-fn-\v k-ao-]w F-Øm≥ Bh-iy-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. F-∂m¬ ]n-Xm-hn-s\ Im-Wm-ØXn-s\- Xp-S¿-∂v Im¿ ]m¿-°v sN-øp-∂ ÿ-e-Øv ]cn-tim-[n-®-t∏m-gmWv a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. arX-tZlw t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰n\p tijw _‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-c-ta-iz-c≥-. am-Xm-hv: A-Ωn-Wn. `m-cy: Kn-cn-P. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ir-jv-W≥-Ip-´n, kp-μ-c≥, A-∏p-°p-´≥, ]p-jv-°-e.

temdn C-Sn¨v kv-Iq-«Àbm-{Xn-I a-cn-¨p Nm-e-°p-Sn: kv-Iq-´-dn¬ tSm-d-kv tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v kv-Iq-

ap-l-½-Zv

cm-aÀ \m-bÀ

kp-sse-am³

_n-¿p-½

Ip-ªn-ap-l-½-Zv -

Pm-hn-Zv

Nn-cp-X-¡p-«n -

sh-fn-ap-°v: I-√-S-sØmSn-bn¬ a-W-°-S-h≥ apl-Ω-Zv (89). `m-cy: D-Ωm®p. a-°ƒ: ]m-Øp-Ωp, ap-l-Ω-Zv, B-bn-im-_ohn, J-Zo-P, kp-ss_-Z, k-^n-b,A-–p¬ Ako-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-ss_-Z, ap-l-Ω-Zv, ssk-X-e-hn, ssk-X-e-hn, k-^n-b, ap-l-Ω-Zv.

A-cq¿: I-f-Øn¬ c-ma¿ \m-b¿ (87). a-°ƒ. t{]-an, cm-[, ca-Wn, Zn-t\-i≥(am-Xr`q-an G-P-‚ v A-cq¿), a-cp-a-°ƒ. _m-e-Irjv-W≥ (sN-Ω-cØq¿), _m-e≥ (]p-dta-cn), \m-cm-b-W≥ (Nm-\n-bw-I-S-hv), kPn-\ (tIm-´-∏-≈n).

a-t©-cn: B-a-bq¿ ]p-fntß-m-´-p-]p-dw ]-tc-X-\mb Im-cm-´-p-Ip-f-ß-c Ip™-m-en-bp-sS a-I≥ kpsse-am≥ (53). `m-cy: Pao-e. a-°-ƒ: ^n-tdm-kv (Pn-±) d-Po-\, D-Ω-p-Ip¬kp. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: Fw sI A-–-p¬ a-Po-Zv, A-ø-q-_v I-S-h-Ø-v F-S-h-Æ. ktlm-Z-c-ß-ƒ: A-e-hnlm-Pn, ko-Xn, A-_q-_°-¿.-

I-Æ-aw-K-ew: Ip-‰q¿t\m¿-Øv ap-°n-e-∏o-Sn-I ]-tc-X-\m-b sXm-Ω-ßmS≥ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy ]m-a-ßm-S≥ _n-øp-Ω (85). a-°ƒ: D-Ω¿ (Z-Ωmw), A-_q-_-°¿ (Pn-±), JZo-P, ]m-Øp-Ωp, a-dn-bpΩ, \-^o-k, ]-tc-X-bmb dp-Jn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssl-{Zp, D-kv-am≥, d-kmJv, a-dn-bp-Ω, \-^o-k.

Xm-\m-fq¿: ]-≈n-∏-Sn aqØm-´v Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv (75). `m-cy: ]m-Øp-Ω. a°ƒ: A-–p- -emw, kpsse-am≥ (C-cp-h-cpw A¬-sF≥), kp-ss_¿, d-jo-Zv, kp-sse-J, \-kod, k-Pv-\, k-_v\. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-en, \u-jm-Zv, \m-k¿, \-ko¿, \p-kv-dØv, lm-P-d, J-Zo-P, Pko-d. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: apl-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, ssk-Xm-en.

h-S-I-c: Su¨ a-¬kyam¿-°-‰n-se I-®-h-S°m-c≥ h-c-{]-Øv Pm-hnZv (40). apkvenw eo-Kns‚ {]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-Wv. `m-cy: sNm-°n-bn¬ khm-ln-Z. a-°ƒ: a¿-Pm-\ Pn-lm-\, j¿-l-_o¬. ]n-Xm-hv: h-c-{]-Øv AΩm-´n, am-Xm-hv: \-^ok. k-tlm-Z-cn-am¿: Xmln-d, tdm-kn-\.

F-S-°-c: h-gn-°-S-hv ]q-ΔØn-s]m-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb In-fn-hm-bn¬ sN-°p-´nbp-sS `m-cy tI-fn-t°mS≥ Nn-cp-X-°p-´n(90). a°ƒ: im-c-Z, eo-e, N{μ≥, ssa-Yn-en, ]-tc-Xcm-b th-em-bp-[≥, ]-dtßm-S≥, kp-tc-{μ≥.- acp-a-°ƒ: hn-em-kn-\n, Ieym-Wn, k-‘y, ]-flm-hXn, {]-Im-iv, ]-tc-X-cm-b Ir-jv-W≥, `m-kv-I-c≥.-

´¿ bm-{Xn-I a-cn-®p.- t\m¿-Øv Nm-e-°p-Sn ]-≈n-°v k-ao-]w In-g-°q-´v ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-c-s‚ a-Iƒ e£v-an Ip-dp-∏v(52)- B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.- C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v A-_Z-v p A-ko-k-v Xn-cq-cß - m-Sn: B-km-Zv \-Kd - n- 4.30-Hm-sS ]-\-ºn-≈n tIm-f-Pn-\v k-ao-]w ]m-∏m-fn se ]-tc-X\ - m-b ]-dº - ≥ A- PMv-j-\nem-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw.- t]-\m-{º-bn-se kzIm-cy {I-j-d¿ Po-h-\-°m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- kw-kv-Im_q-_° - d - n-s‚ a-I≥ A-_vZp¬ A-ko-kv (59).- am-Xm-hv:- cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v aq∂n\v \-K-c-k-`m {In-an-t‰m-dn-b]-tc-Xb - m-b Xn-Øp-cp-Ω.- `m- Øn¬. amXmhv: h-≈n-b-Ω.- k-tlm-Z-cn: -]m¿-h-Xn. cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b J-Zo-P. a - °ƒ: k-lo¿, ^m-bn-kv (Ccp-hc - pw dn-bm-Zv), kp-aø - . a-cpa-°ƒ: A-Uz.-ap-lΩ - Z- v jaow, ap-^o-Z ^¿-km-\. ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: Ip-™n- a - p-lΩ-Zv, ap-kX v- ^ - (C-cp-hc - pw JØ¿), lw-kØ - v, J-Zo-P.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: tN¿-Ø-e-bn-ep-≠m-b hm-l-\m-]-I-SØn¬ sIm-c-´n kz-tZ-in a-cn-®p. -Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p-∂v ]mem-´n ]u-tem-kn-s‚ a-I≥ sk-_n(46)-bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv.- hym-gm-gv-N ]p-e¿-s® aq∂n\v tN¿-Ø-e-bn-se ]´-W-°m-´m-bn-cp-∂p A]-ISw.- Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p-∂n¬ \n∂pw tIm-gn-bp-am-bn t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p h-≠n as‰m-cp hml-\sØ a-dn-I-S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS tSm-d n¬ C-Sn-°pI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: em-en.- a-°ƒ: Aeo-\ (-tZ-io-b kv-Iqƒ _m-kv-°-Øv t_mƒ Xm-cw),k-do-\.

a-kv-¡¯n \ncym-X-\mbn s]-c-¨³

tKm-]m-e³

N-{µ³

]p-jv-]-h-Ãn

I-eym-Wn

A-½m-fp- A-½

th-ep

]-ß-\m-`³ \m-bÀ

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: Np-≠-∏p-dw In-f-®m¿ ho-´n¬ s]-c-®≥ (89). `m-cy: tZ-h-In. a-°ƒ: N-{μ-a-Xn, P-b-cm-P≥, ]-¶P, a-[p, i¿-an-f.

h-S-I-c: H-©n-bw I-∏-≈ns∏m-bn¬ sI.]n tKm-]me≥ (66). `m-cy: \m-cm-bWn. a-°ƒ: k-an-X, kp-c`n-Zm-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Zn-t\i≥, ku-Pn-j.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: ]p-Ø≥]o-Sn-I ]n hn N-{μ≥ (cm-[p-˛65) _mw•qcn¬ acn®p. am-Xm-hv: im-c-Z. `m-cy: kp-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: cm-lp¬, tc-jv-a.

\-S-°m-hv: Ip-∂-ØpXm-gw h-b-en¬ hm-enbn¬ ho-´n¬ ]p-jv-]-h√n (49). `¿-Øm-hv: kptc-{μ≥. a-I≥: kp-_ojv.

ap-°w: ap-tØ-cn a-¥-e tXm-´-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b {io-[-c-s‚ `m-cy B-\-{]®m-en¬ I-eym-Wn (68). a-°ƒ: kp-`m-jn-Wn, hn`m-h-Xn.

a-S-hq¿: Im-{º-Øv-Ip∂v Ip-ø-Sn-bn¬ A-Ωmfp- A-Ω(85). k-tlm-Z-cn: ]-tc-X-bmb Nn-cp-X-°p-´n A-Ω.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: D-≈-Ww ap-≠n-b≥-Im-hv A-Ωm-dº-Øv th-ep (80). `m-cy: Im¿-Xym-b-\n. a-I≥: kp[o-jv. a-cp-a-Iƒ: \n-j.

D-≈n-tb-cn: ]n-‰° - ≠ - n ]fl-\m-`≥ \m-b¿ (80). `m-cyam¿: \m-cm-bW - n, ao-\m-£n. a-°ƒ: tkm-a≥ (kvt- ]m¿-Svkv A-tXm-dn-‰n Hm-^v C-¥y, B-e∏ - p-g), kp-aX - n.

bp-h-Xn sh-t«-äp a-cn-¨ tIkv: hn-e-¡p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn-¨v "KÀ-`-{io-am³' Xn-tb-ä-dp-I-fn-te-¡v `À-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-³ A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sI.sP s{]m-U-£≥-kn-s‚ _m-\dn¬ {]-i-kv-X Om-bm-{Km-lI≥ A-\n¬ tKm-]n-\m-Yv kwhn-[m-\w sNøp∂ K¿-`-{ioam≥ -hn-e-°p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn®v Xntb-‰-dp-I-fn-te-°v. ]p-cpj≥ K¿-`w [-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂{]ta-b-Øn¬ \n¿an-°p∂ Nn{X-Øn-¬ kp-cm-Pv sh-™m-d-aqSv BWv \m-b-I≥. C-tX B-i-b-w Dƒ-s°m-≠v kn-\n-a-sbm-cp-°m≥ {i-an-®n-cp∂ kp-[o-jvIp-am¿ K¿-`-{io-ams‚ Xn-c-°-Ybv-°v X-s‚ I-Ybp-am-bn km-ay-ap-s≠-∂v Btcm-]n-®v s^-^v-I-sbbpw s{]m-Uyq-tk-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j-s\-bpw k-ao-]n-®n-cp-∂p.

B-tcm-]-W-Øn¬ I-g-ºn-s√∂-Xn-\m¬ A-h¿ ]-cm-Xn X≈n-. Xp-S¿-∂v kp-[o-jv Pn-√m tIm-S-Xn-sb- k-ao-]n-®p. Xn-c°-Y-Iƒ c-≠pw ]-cn-tim-[n-®v km-ay-an-s√-∂v tIm-S-Xn hn-ebn-cp-Øn. Xp-S¿-∂v kn-\n-a-bpsS dn-eo-kn-Mv X-S-bm≥ sslt°m-S-Xn-sb k-ao-]n-®v tà hm-ßn. F-∂m-¬, Pn-√m tIm-SXn-°v A-©p-e-£w cq-] _m-¶v Kym-c‚n \¬-In Nn-{Xw dn-eo-kv sN-øm≥ ssl-t°m-S-Xn D-Øhn-´p. hm¿- Ø m- k - t Ω- f - \ - Ø n¬ kw-hn-[m-b-I≥ A-\n¬ tKm]n-\m-Yv, Xn-c-°-Ym-Ir-Øv kph-N≥, \-Sn Ku-cn-Ir-jv-W ]s¶-Sp-Øp.

I-bv-]-aw-K-ew (Xriq¿): Im-fap-dn-bn¬ bp-h-Xn sh-t´-‰p a-cn® tIkn¬ `¿-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-≥ A-d-Ãn¬. ]-≈n-∏-d-ºn¬ C-kvam-Cu¬(40) B-Wv A-d-Ãn-emb-Xv. k-tlm-Z-c≥ C-kv-lm-Jen-bp-sS `m-cy Pm-kv-an-\m(38)Wv C-kv-am-Cuen-s‚ sh-t´-‰v acn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw cm-hnse H-º-tXm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. H-fn-hn¬t]m-b {]-Xn sIm-Sp-ß√q¿ t]m-en-kn¬ Io-g-S-ßp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kn.sF sI sP ]o‰-dpw kw-L-hpw C-bm-fp-sS A-dÃv tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn. {]-Xn-bpw sIm-√-s∏-´ Pm-kvan-\pw \m-fp-I-fm-bn X¿°-Ønem-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-\nsS th-en sI-´p-∂-Xn-\n-sS s]-s´-∂p-≠m-

C-kv-am-Cu¬ b X¿-°-am-Wv sIme-bn¬ Iem-in-®-sX-∂pw {]-Xn t]m-enkn-t\m-Sp k-Ω-Xn-®p. th-en sI´m\m-bn X-dn-Iƒ sh-´m≥ I-cpXn-b I-ØnsIm≠mWv {]-Xn Pmkvans\ IpØn-b-Xv.

20 e-£-¯n-sâ kzÀ-Ww ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn I-cn-∏q¿: F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-®p-I-S-Øn-b 20 e-£-Øn-s‚ 699 {Kmw kz¿-Ww F-b¿ I-Ãw-kv C‚-en-P≥-kv ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn. C-∂-se tZm-l-bn¬-\n-∂v F-b¿C-¥ym F-Iv-kv-{]- v hnam-\-Øn¬ I-cn-∏q-cn-se-Øn-b sIm-Sp-h-≈n h-en-b-]-d-ºv ap-lΩ-Zv a≥-kq-dn(32)¬- \n-∂m-Wp Ch ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n-\p-≈nse _m-‰-dn-bp-sS ÿm-\-Øv 24 I- j - W - ß - f m- ° n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p kz¿-W-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. F-Ivkv-td ]-cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ kw-ibwtXm-∂n A-[n-Ir-X¿ ]-cntim-[n-®-t∏m-gm-Wp kz-¿-Ww Is≠-Øn-b-Xv.

]p-∂-bq¿-°p-fw: s]-cn-b-º-ew am-\-ho-bw tdm-Un¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX-°q-´v k-l-tZ-h≥ a-I≥ s]m-t∂mØv tem-ln-Xm-£≥ (58) a-kv-°-Øn¬ lr-Z-bm-LmXwaq-ew a-cn-®p. I-gn-™ sNm-Δm-gvN cm-hn-se Xm-ak-ÿ-e-Øp \n-∂v tPm-enÿ-e-tØ-°v t]m-hp-∂Xn-\n-sS A-kzÿX A-\p-`-h-s∏-´ Ct±-lsØ DS≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\mbn-√. H-cp am-kw ap-ºm-Wv \m-´n¬ h-∂v a-S-ßn-b-Xv. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 9\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. am-Xmhv: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-Ωm-fp. `m-cy: \-μn-\n. a-°ƒ: Xr-]vXn, kv-t\-l (hn-Zym¿-Yn). a-cp-a-I≥: B-Z¿-iv.

sI.F-kv.C._n. Km-Uv-KnÂ: tIm¬-{K-Ên-\pw IcmÀ Po-h-\-¡m-c³ kn.]n.F-½n-\pw \n-e-]m-Sv t¡-äp a-cn-¨p B-e-Øq¿: sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂am-tä-−-Xm-bn h-cpw: ]n Sn tXm-a-kv tjmXn-\n-sS sI.F-kv.C._n. I-cm¿ B-ep-h: Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´ns\ F-Xn¿-°p-∂ \n-e-]m-Sn¬ \n-∂p kn.]n.Fw., tIm¨-{K-kv Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈ ap-Jym-[m-cm cm{„o-b ]m¿-´n-Iƒ-°v C-∂-s√¶n¬ \m-sf ]n-∑m-td-≠n-h-cp-sa∂v ap≥ Fw.]n. ]n Sn tXm-a-kv. B-ep-h ]-cn-ÿn-Xn kw-c-£W-kw-L-Øn-s‚ `q-anan-{X ]p-ckv-Im-cw P-Ãn-kv sI kp-Ip-am-c\n¬ \n-∂v G-‰p-hm-ßn kw-kmcn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ F∂pw F-Xn¿-°p-∂-h-sc N-cn{Xw N-h‰p-Ip´-bn-te-°p X-≈psa-∂ Im-cy-Øn¬ kw-i-bw th≠. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ A-

\p-Iq-en-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cn¬ h-f-sctb-sd {]-bm-k-߃ hy-‡n-]c-am-bn X-\n-°p t\-cn-tS-≠n-hs∂-¶n-epw C-Xn¬ Zp-xJ-an-√. ]›n-a-L-´-a-e-\n-c-Iƒ C-t∏mƒ kw-c-£n-°m≥ I-gn-™n-s√¶n¬ ]n-∂o-Sv H-cn-°-epw I-gn-bn√. C-Sp-°n-bpƒ-s∏-sS G-Xm\pw Pn-√-I-fn-se I¿-j-I-sc _m-[n-°p-∂ {]-iv-\-߃ am-{Xam-bn C-Xn-s\ ]-cn-an-X-s∏-SpØ-cp-sX∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d™p. N-S-ßn¬ A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv Fw.F¬.F., Nn-∂≥ sI ss]\m-S-Øv, kn B¿ \o-e-I-WvT≥, C-kv-abn¬ kw-km-cn-®p.

Po-h-\-°m-c≥ tjm-t°-‰p a-cn®p. B-eØq¿ _m-¶vtdm-Uv ]-d-°p∂w c-¶-s‚ aI≥ Ip-©pth-e≥ (42) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. F-cn-a-bq¿ tXm-´p-]me-sØ- k-ao-]-sØ t]m-kv-‰n¬ sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bmWv kw-`-hw. D-S≥ B-e-Øq-cnse B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw a-c-n-®p. `m-cy: kp-kv-an-X. a-°ƒ: B-cy, A-Jn-e, A-RvP\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ir-jv-W≥.


8

thÀ-]mSv

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

06 Pq¨ 2014 sh≈n

Ip-Spw-_ h-g-¡v: ]n-Xm-hn-sâ Ip-t¯-äv a-I³ a-cn-¨p

i-in-I-e -Ip-am-cn

tZ-h-In-b-½

a-kq-Zv

I-a-e-½

^m-¯n-am- Ip-ªv

A-¸p-¡p-«³ \m-bÀ

hn-im-em-£n

]m-∏-\w-tIm-Sv: πm-¶m-eap-°v hn.F-kv `-h-\n¬ hn-P-b-Ip-am-dn-s‚ `m-cy i-in-I-e Ip-am-cn (40). a°-ƒ: A-\o-jv, A-`n-tjIv.

ITn-\w-Ip-fw: Nm-∂m-¶c h-S-t° Nm-∂m-¶-c lu-kn¬ tZ-h-In-b-Ω (78).

In-fn-am-\q¿: dn-´. slUv-am-Ã-dpw \m-S-I-\-S\pw hn¬-∏m-´v I-em-Im-c\p-am-b In-fn-an-\q¿ a-Wte-Øp-]-® sse-em hnem-k-Øn¬ a-kq-Zv (82).`m-cy: B-cn-^m-_ohn. a-°ƒ: jm-\-hm-kv, tkm-^n-bm-_o-Kw. a-cp-a°ƒ: jo-P, ap-l-Ω-Zv bq-k-^v (sI.Fkv.B¿.Sn.kn, s\-Sp-aßm-Sv).

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: ]p-fn-amØv hn-P-bm a≥-kn-en¬ kp-Ip-am-c-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy I-a-e-Ω (76). a°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am-cn, hnP-b-Ip-am-cn, hn-iz-{]-`, hn-iz-e-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sI Pn-\-N-{μ≥ \m-b¿, F≥ hm-a-tZ-h≥ \m-b¿, sI hn-P-b≥ \m-b¿, B¿ t{]-a-N-{μ≥.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: t]mØ≥-tIm-Sv A-bn-cq-∏m-d Xn-∏-en-t°m-Ww {io-`-h\n¬ Sn sI A-∏p-°p-´≥ \m-b¿ (93). `m-cy: Ir-jvW-Ω. a-°ƒ: P-b-Ip-amcn, Kn-cn-P-Ip-am-cn, Ko-XIp-am-cn, A-Pn-X-Ip-am-cn, l-cn-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cLp-\m-Y≥ \m-b¿, ap-cfo-[-c≥ \m-b¿ (Ip-≠d), ap-c-fo-[-c≥ \m-b¿, kn-‘p-Ip-am-cn, ]-tc-X\m-b Xp-f-ko-[-c≥ \mb¿.

I-√-d: a-lm-tZ-h¿ ]-® N-cp-hn-f ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b P-\m¿-Z-\-s‚ `m-cy hn-im-em-£n (84). a°ƒ: cm-[, eo-e, cm-P≥ (I-√-d am¿-Øm-fi≥), km-º-≥, Hm-a-\, kp-tc{μ-\m-Yv, c-hn, a-[p-P-\m¿Z-\≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-Wp, ]-tc-X-\m-b iin-[-c≥, ]p-jv-]-h-√n, cmP-e-X, {]-k-∂≥, jo-e, kn-‘p, I-hn-X.

Pm-\I - n

X-¦½-

C-cn-´n: D-f-n-bn¬ h-´-°b-sØ ]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ Fw- ]n \m-cm-b-W≥ \ºym¿ (65). A-hn-hm-lnX-\m-Wv.

F-S° - c - : Xm-sg am-am-¶c s]-cp-º≈ - n-°p-t∂¬ ]u-tem-kv (53).- `m-cy: Fm-en-bm-Ω.- a-°ƒ: en-X t]mƒ, en-Pn t]mƒ, F¬-tZm-kv, en-\n t]mƒ. -

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Xp-≠Øn¬ ]p-Xp-h¬-]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A_q-_-°¿ e-∫-bp-sS `mcy ^m-Øn-am-Ip-™v (85). a-°ƒ: kp-ss_¿-Ip-™v (k-em-e), kp-sse-am≥ (_n-kn-\-kv), B-cn-^m_o-hn, \p-ssk-^m-_o-hn, A-–p¬-d-jow (t]m-en-kv h-Ip-∏v), e-Øo-^m-_o-hn, A-–p¬-k-emw (k-em-e), _-Z-dp-±o≥ (k-em-e). a-cpa-°ƒ: A-–p¬ J-cow aue-hn N-h-d, Pm-kv-an≥, jmln-Zm-_o-hn, A-–p¬-dkm-Jv, \-ko-a (sS-Iv-\n°¬ F-Pyp-t°-j≥ hIp-∏v), kp-a-øm-_o-hn, P_o-\m-_o-hn. sN-º-g-¥n P-am-A-Øn¬ J-_-d-S-°n.

\o-te-iz-cw: tIm-fw-Ip-fØv Xm-ak - n-°p-∂ Cucm-´p-t]-´ I-fØ - q-°S- h - v h-cn-°m-\n-°¬ ho-´n¬ Pm-\I - n (98).

B-eØ - q¿: _m-¶v tdmUv ]-cp-h° - ¬ ]-tc-X\ - mb s]m-∂p-hn-s‚ `m-cy X¶-Ω (90). a-°ƒ: I-ae - w, ]-tc-X\ - m-b cm-a≥-Ip-´n.

A-_q-_-¡À

]p-\-eq¿: Ip-Spw-_-h-g-°n-s\ Xp-S¿-∂p ]n-Xm-hn-s‚ Ip-tØ-‰v a-I≥ a-cn-®p. I-c-hm-fq¿ h-√m-‰v N-cp-hn-f ]pØ≥ ho-´n¬ _n-\n¬(26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. kw-`-h-hpam-bn _-‘-s∏-´v _n-\n-en-s‚ ]n-Xm-hv Ip-™-®-s\ t]m-en-kv I-Ã-Un-bn-se-Sp-Øp. sNm-Δm-gv-N ssh-Io´m-Wv kw-`-hw. am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ X-Ωn-ep-≠m-b hmt°-‰-Øn-¬ _n-\n¬ C-Skp-Ip-am-c³ s]-´-tXm-sS- X¿-°w kwt]-bm-Sv: ]p-fn-b-d-t°mL¿-j-Øn-te-°v h-gn-am-dnWw sNm-Δ-≈q¿ sN-dn-b- b-Xv. {]-tIm-]n-X-\m-b IpsIm-≠n I-´-d-°p-gn ta™-®≥ Sm-∏n-Mv I-Øn Dte ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ Pn ]-tbm-Kn-®v a-I-s\ Ip-Øpkp-Ip-am-c≥ (70). `m-cy: I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Kp-cp-X-c-amcm-P-Ω. a-°ƒ: k-Pn, _n- bn ]-cn-t°-‰ C-bm-sf ]pPp, _m-_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-eq¿ Xm-eq-°m-ip-]-{Xnkp-aw, i-in-I-e, im-enbn-epw Xp-S¿-∂v Xn-cp-h-\\n. ¥-]p-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fPv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw {]Im-knw ap³-jn th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn-tbm-sS a-cnXr-°-cn-∏q¿: dn-´. A-d®p. hn-tZ-i-Øm-bn-cp-∂ _n-\n¬- A-Sp-Øn-sS-bm-Wv _n-Iv A-[ym-]-I≥ sh\m-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. Sm-∏n-Mv sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-Wv Ip-™≈m-∏n-se Fw Sn ]n Im®≥. h-’-Ω-bm-Wv _n-\n-en-s‚ am-Xm-hv. k-tlm-Zknw ap≥-jn (65). Nn-Øm- c≥ _n-Pp. cn, _o-cn-t®-cn, Iq-te-cn, sa-´-Ω¬ F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fnse K-h. F¬.]n kv-IqI-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw ho-Sn-\p-≈n-se Ipfn¬ Zo¿-L-Im-ew A-dfn-ap-dn-bn¬ Ip-g-™p-ho-Wv a-cn-® I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n K_n-Iv A-[ym-]-I-\m-bn h. bp.]n.Pn kv-Iq-fn-se A-[ym-]n-I kzm-lm-tZ{]-h¿-Øn-®n-cp-∂p. hn(42)s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw C-∂-se ]-I¬ c-≠n-\p bp.]n.Pn kv-Iq-fn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿-i-\-Øn-\v h-®p. kn Znhm-I-c≥ Fw.F¬.F, \-K-c-k-` sN-b¿-am≥ Fw A≥-km¿, Un Un k-t¥m-jv, F.C.H B-\-μ-Ip-am¿, \-K-c-k-` ssh-kv sN-b¿-t]-gv-k¨ e-£-an-tam-l≥, sI.F-kv.Sn.F Pn-√m {]-kn-U‚ v a-tl-jv-Ip-am¿, sk{I-´-dn Zm-tam-Z-c≥-]n-≈, kv-Iqƒ {]-[m-\m-[ym-]-I≥ Fw {]-Im-iv, A-[ym-]-I¿, hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ do-Øv h-®v A-¥n-tam-]-Nm-cw A¿-∏n-®p.Xp-S¿-∂v tIm-gn-t°m-Sv ]p-Ø≥-N-¥-bv-°v k-ao-]-ap-≈ Ip-Spw-_-ho-´n¬ \q-dpI-W-°n-\v \m-´p-Im-cp-sS-bpw _-‘p-°-fp-sS-bpw km\n-≤y-Øn¬ kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-∂p.

N-ß-\m-t»-cn: sIm-√w A-©¬-tlm-fn- ^m-anen aTmw-K-hpw Ip-dn-®n Im-™n-c-Øp-aq-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-´-∏≥˛A®m-Ω Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-Ifp-am-b kn-ÿ B≥-s¢b¿ (A-Ωn-Wn ˛61). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v hm-g-∏-≈n \nXym-c-[m-\- aTw h-I sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

sam-{Km¬-]p-Øq¿: Ip∂n¬ kn-dm-Pp¬ D-epw a-Zv-d-k-°v k-ao-]-sØ sI A-_q-_-°¿ (66) `m-cy: \-_o-k. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v, \ujm-Zv, l¿-jm-°v, Bbn-j, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C-{_m-low, kp-a-ø. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ]-tc-X-cm-b A–p¬ -Jm-Z¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-–p¿d-lv-am≥, A∫m-kv, ^m-Øn-a.

c-a-Wn

k-tcm-Pn-\n-b-½

A-\nÂ-Ip-amÀ

e-fn-X

ao-\m-£n-b-½

X-¦-¸³

k-tcm-Pn-\n

ku-Zm-an-\n-b-½

\-K-cq¿: sIm-Sp-h-g-∂q¿ ]-¥p-hn-f-°p-gn-bn¬ ho´n¬ {]-Xm-]-s‚ `m-cy c-aWn (45). a-°ƒ: c-ay, A]¿-W. a-cp-a-I≥: l-cn-Zmkv.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]-dºp-ap-°n¬ cm-L-h-hnem-k-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb cm-L-h≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy sI k-tcm-Pn-\n-bΩ (78). a-°ƒ: a-t\m-l-c≥ \mb¿, _m-lp-te-b≥ \mb¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b c-Lph-c≥ \m-b¿, D-Æn-Irjv-W≥ \m-b¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: sI e-£v-ao-tZ-hn, P-b-e-£v-an, {io-tZ-hn.

I-g-°q-´w: I-g-°q-´w Ipan-gn-°-c jo-Pm `-h-\n¬ A-\n¬-Ip-am¿. `m-cy: Hma-\. a-°ƒ: jo-P, jo-_. a-cp-a-I≥: k-Xn.

In-fn-am-\q¿: Xp-≠n¬°-S jo-em `-h-\n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]n sI k-Zmin-h-s‚ `m-cy e-fn-X (77). a-°-ƒ: A-P-b≥, jo-e (d-_¿ -t_m¿-Uv), kp-[o¿ (sIm-ta-gv-ky¬ Sm-Iv-kv), tUm. _n-μp. acp-a-°ƒ: t{K-kn, tUm. tam-l≥-Zm-kv, A-Uz. ip-`, tUm. kp-tc-jv.

\-K-cq¿: tXm-´-bv-°m-Sv tIm-W-Øv ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b {io-[c-°p-dp-∏n-s‚ `m-cy ao\m-£n-b-Ω (78). a-°ƒ: tKm-]n-∏n-≈, tKm-]m-e-°p-dp-∏v, ]-tcX-\m-b Xp-f-ko-[-c-°pdp-∏v. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: P-b-Ipam-cn, jo-e, kp-h¿-WIp-am-cn.

N-h-d: a-S-∏-≈n Ip-f-ß-c ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ X-¶-∏≥(89). `m-cy: tKm-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: X-¶-Ω, kp-tc-{μ≥, k-c-k-Ω, c-ho-{μ≥, ]-tcX-bm-b cm-P-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥, e-X, sI sP i-in-[-c≥, {io-eX, ]-tc-X-\m-b k-Zm-\μ≥.

im-kv-Xmw-tIm-´: ]-Sn™m-td-I-√-S sF-tØm´p-hm t]-cn-b-gn-I-Øv(F°w-ho-Sv)]-tc-X-\m-b kZm-in-h-s‚ `m-cy k-tcmPn-\n(90). a-°ƒ: im-¥-Ip-am-cn, AΩn-Wn, s]m-∂-Ω. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ≥, cm-[mIr-jv-W≥.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sN-dnb-sIm-Æn a-W-ºq-cv Aiz-Xn `-h-\n¬ ku-Zm-an\n-b-Ω (65). k-tlm-Zc≥: _n c-ho-{μ≥ \mb¿.

kp-l-d l-Öp-½

I-eym-Wn A-½

kp-[m-IÀ tj-Wm-bn

^m-¯n-a-

Im-™-ßm-Sv: \-K-c-Ønse B-Zy-Im-e io-Xf]m-\o-b D-¬-∏m-Z-\ Iº-\n D-S-a-I-fn-sem-cm-fmb Im-™-ßm-s´ sI kp-[m-I¿ tj-Wm-bn (66).

Xp-Δq¿: sX-°pw-]p-dsØ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-∂Øv sam-bv-Xp-´n-bp-sS `mcy ^m-Øn-a (75). a°ƒ: A-–p¬ P-eo¬, J-Zo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _pjv-d, bq-\-kv.

C-cn-°q¿: Iq-cm-cn ]p-Xnb-]p-c- sam-bn-e-Øv ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX-°pºm-Øv ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `mcy ]n Fw kp-l-d l÷p-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: jp°q¿ (td-j≥ Uo-e¿, Ccn-°q¿), A-–¬ -d-kmJv, lp-k-bv≥ lm-Pn.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: D-Zn-\q-cnse ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-cam-cm-dp-sS `m-cy hn hn Ieym-Wn A-Ω (87). a°ƒ: _m-_p-cm-Pv, ]fln-\n, t_-_n Kn-cn-P. acp-a-°ƒ: kp-{]-`, ]-tcX-\m-b {io-[-c-am-cm¿.

B-cy-\m-Sv: tIm-´-bv-°Iw t]-gpw-I-´-bv-°m¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sSbn-e¿ kp-μ-tc-i-s‚ `mcy k-Xo-tZ-hn (80). a°ƒ: kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, ]tc-X-\m-b k-t¥m-jv-Ipam¿, km-_p, k-Pn, kpj-a, kp-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]ao-f, {io-tZ-hn, ko-a, Bi, A-tim-I≥, lm-jnw. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hnse 10\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

kn-ÌÀ B³-s¢-bÀ

am-ap

\m-cm-b-W³

C-kv-a-bnÂ-Ip-«n

]u-tem-kv

kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-¯n

k-Xo-tZ-hn

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: A-cn-b√q¿ h-S-s° s\-t√-cn tKm-]m-e≥ (76). `m-cy: kp-io-e. a-Iƒ: in¬-∏.

C-√n-°¬: I-e-b-t¶-cnbn¬ C-kv-a-bn¬-Ip-´n (85). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v Xm-g-Øßm-Sn PpapA a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\¬. a-°ƒ: A-–p-¬ A-ko-kv (kuZn), A-_q-_-°¿, B-an\, sse-e, ^m-Øn-a _ohn, jo-_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jm-lp¬ l-ao-Zv, \ujm-Zv, jm-Pn. P-eo¬, sF-j, sd-Po-\.

tPmÀ-Pv tXm-a-kv

ti-J-c³

Ìo-^³

am-Xyp Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

k®n-tXm-a-kv

Nmt¡m

Cu¸³

Nm-¡p-®n

Xn-S-\m-Sv: tIm-°m-´v tPm¿-Pv tXm-a-kv (tIm-°mS≥ ˛58). kw-kv-Im-cw \msf cm-hn-se 10.30 \v I∏m-Sv am¿-«o-hm-]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: eu-en, Im-fsI-´n Im-°-√n¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: Nn-∂p ( ku-Zn), Nm-cp.

Nm-h-°m-Sv-: H-cp-a-\-bq¿ hn-√yw-kv- ta-∏p-d-Øv- tiJ-c≥(69). `m-cy: hn-tim-Zc. a-°ƒ: ko-a, iymwem¬, tkm-Wn-tamƒ. acp-a-I≥: _m-_p-cm-Pv (JØ¿).

D-g-hq¿: B-\m-en¬ F sI Ão-^≥(F-Ø-s°m®v ˛85). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n∂o-Sv. `m-cy: Nn-∂-Ω, Ab¿-°p-∂w ]q-th-en¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: tPm-bn, jo-e (C-cp-h-cpw bp.F-kv.F), k-Æn (tem-°¬ sk-{I-´-dn kn.]n.sF D-g-hq¿). a-cpa-°ƒ: a-dn-bm-Ω, kn-knen, tXm-a-kv.

X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv: X-e∏m-d ]m-e-®p-h-´n¬ amXyp-Ip-cym-t°m-kv (Ip´n-t®-´≥ ˛84). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 2.30 \v X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv sk‚ v tPm¿-Pv ]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv X-øn¬ t{X-kym-Ω. a°ƒ:tPm-bn, kn-kn-‰¿ kn-kn-en, a-dn-bm-Ω, k-Pn, cm-Pp, tXm-a-kv, X-¶-®≥, tSm-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ:^n-en-∏v, tagv-kn, do-\, Ip-™ptamƒ, sIm-®p-dm-Wn, Zo-]. ]-tc-X-bm-b h¬k-Ω.

a√∏≈n: ]m-e-°m-aÆnem-b Iq-S-Øpw-ap-dnbn¬ kÆn-tPm-a-kv(55). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf sshIo´v 2.30\v a-Wn-a-e Xn-cplr-Z-b-]-≈n-bn¬. `mcy: B≥-kn(]n.F-®v.kn. a°-∏pg). a-Wn-a-e Ip-Snbn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. a°ƒ: k-®n≥, km\n.

Xn-cph√: Nm-ض-cn aWn-bm-∏-d-ºnem-b I-cpam-Sn-®n-d-bn¬ sI kn Nmt°m (67). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂oSv. `mcy: B\n. a°ƒ: _n\p, _n-Pp,knt\mkv. a-cp-a°ƒ: sP n, Pn≥kn, tPm-tamƒ.

Xn-cph√: tIm-bn{]w sN-º-\m¬ tbm-l∂m≥ Cu-∏≥ (84). kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 11.30\v tIm-bn{]w sk‚ v ]o-t‰-gv-kv ae-¶c I-tØm-en-° ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: Ip™-Ω. a°ƒ: s]m∂-Ω, kqkn, ]-tcX\m-b Ip-™p-tam≥. acp-a°ƒ: cmP≥, km_p.

I√n-ticn: I√n-ti-cn No-c≥-kv ho-´n¬ kn sF Nm-°p-Æn(83). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v ap-∂n-\v D-a-bm-‰p-I-c sk‚ v tXma-kv Hm¿ØtUm-Iv-kv h-enb ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. `mcy: am¿-Ø(t_-_n). Ip-∂Ip-fw Ip-Øq¿ Ip-Spw_mw-K-amWv. a-°ƒ: P∂n(B-kv-t{X-enb), s_‰vkn, tkm^n. a-cpa°ƒ: Ip-cy≥ tPm¨(B-kv-t{Xenb), A-\n¬ sN√m´v, tImin.

C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g Kh. bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p kao-]w sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv lu-kn¬ th-en-°-IØv am-ap (82). C-cn-°q-dnse ]-g-b-Im-e I-S-e hym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: sN-≈-∏p-d-Øv ssk\-_. a-°ƒ: kp-l-d, Ip¬-kp-Ω, l-^v-k-Øv, d-jo-Z, ap-\o-d, sam-bvXo≥ Ip-´n (Kƒ-^v).

X-¦-a-Wn-b-½ Im-´m-°-S: I-≈n-°m-Sv s]-cn-™mw-I-S-hv e-£van \n-e-b-Øn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-™p-Ir-jv-W-]n≈-bp-sS `m-cy X-¶-a-Wnb-Ω (75). a-°ƒ: kp-\n¬ Ip-am¿, {io-e-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-PnX-Ip-am-cn, am-[-h≥-Ip-´n \m-b¿.

tKm-]m-e³

B-bn-im-_n sN-dp-h-Æq¿: tIm-´-em-S ]-tc-X-\m-b ta-S-∏-d-ºn¬ sk-bv-Xm-en-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-im-_n (66). a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ \-Po-_v, A-_vZp¬ hm-ln-Zv (C-cp-h-cpw _n-kn-\-kv), kp-l-dm_n, k-°o-\, sj-l¿_m-\p, k-^n-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: tIm-b (A-c-°nW¿), a-Po-Zv (bp.F.C), jw-kp-±o≥.

_m-e-Ir-j-vW-¡p-dp-¸v Ip-‰ym-Sn: N-ß-cw-Ip-fw bp.]n kv-Iqƒ dn-´. A[ym-]-I≥ F-S-Øn-°≠n _m-e-Ir-jv-W-°p-dp∏v (85). `m-cy: hn-P-b-e£v-an.

Ip-ª-½-Zv hm-Wn-ta¬: sN-∂m-´v Ip-™-Ω-Zv (95). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: Ip-™-–p-√, aq , sam-bv-Xp, B-en-lk≥, l-eo-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sam-bv-Xp, ]mØp, k-^n-b, B-bn-i, dm-_n-b.

`m-kv-¡-c³ F-S-∏m-ƒ: h-t∂-cn sNdm-bn¬ kn sI `m-kv-°c≥ (67). X-´m≥ k¿-hokv skm-ssk-‰n F-S∏mƒ bq-\n-‰v c-£m-[nIm-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: c-a-Wn. a-°ƒ: e¬-kn, c-Rv-Pn-X, c-ay. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-tP-jv (JØ¿), c-ta-iv.-

sN-dn-bm³ ]-´n-°m-Sv: Ip-dp-a-‰-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b ]u-tem-kv a-I≥ sN-dn-bm≥(63). `m-cy: t{K-kn. a-°ƒ: t•m-dn, tKm-Uv-en.

]mt¯ma ap≠-°¬: ]md-t∏ßm´v ]mtØma (70) . a°ƒ: tam\p-±o≥, ^mØna.

a-kv-¡-än lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw aq-ew a-cn-¨p

]p-∂-bq¿-°p-fw: s]-cn-b-º-ew am-\-ho-bw tdm-Un¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX-°q-´v k-l-tZ-h≥ a-I≥ s]m-t∂mØv tem-ln-Xm-£≥ (58) a-kv-°-‰n¬ lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw aq-ew a-cn-®p. I-gn-™ sNm-Δm-gv-® cm-hn-se Xm-a-kÿ-e-Øv \n-∂v tPm-en ÿ-e-tØ-°v t]m-Ip-∂-Xn-\nsS A-kz-kv-X-X A-\p-`-h-s∏-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-S≥ X-s∂ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c£n-°m-\m-bn-√. H-cp am-kw ap-ºm-Wv \m-´n¬ h-∂v aS-ßn-b-Xv. kw-kv-°m-cw: sh-≈n-bm-gv-® cm-hn-se 9 aWn-°v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-°pw. am-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-Ωm-fp. `m-cy: \-μn-\n. a-°ƒ: Xr-]v-Xn, kv-t\-l (hnZym¿-Yn) . a-cp-a-I≥: B-Z¿-iv.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n sIm-c-«n kz-tZ-in a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: tN¿-Ø-e-bn-ep-≠m-b hm-l-\m-]-I-SØn¬ sIm-c-´n kz-tZ-in a-cn-®p. -Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p-∂v ]mem-´n ]u-tem-kn-s‚ a-I≥ sk-_n(46)-bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv.- hym-gm-gv-N ]p-e¿-s® aq∂n\v tN¿-Ø-e-bn-se ]-´W-°m-Sv h-®m-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw.- Xn-cp-ap-Sn-°p∂n¬ \n-∂pw tIm-gn-bp-ambn t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p tIm-gn h-≠n a-s‰m-cp h≠n-sb a-dn-I-S-°p-∂-Xn-\nsS tSm-d- n¬ C-Sn-®m-Wv A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-b-Xv.- `m-cy: em-en.- a-°ƒ: A-eo-\(-tZio-b kv-Iqƒ _m-kv-°-‰v t_mƒ Xm-cw),- sk-do-\.

\n-b-{´-Ww hn« temdn C-Sn¨v kv-Iq-«À bm-{Xn-I a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: kv-Iq-´-dn¬ tSm-d-kv tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v kv-Iq´¿ bm-{Xn-I a-cn-®p.- t\m¿-Øv Nm-e-°p-Sn ]-≈n-°v kao-]w In-g-°q-´v ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-c-s‚ a-Iƒ e-£v-an Ip-dp-∏v(52)-B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v 4.30-HmsS ]-\-ºn-≈n tIm-f-Pn-\v k-ao-]w ]m-∏m-fn PMv-j\n¬ h-®m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-ISw.- C-h¿ k-©-cn-®n-cp-∂ kv-Iq-´-dn¬ \n-b-{¥-Ww hn-´ tSm-d- v tem-dn C-Sn®m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw.- t]\m-{º-bn-se kz-Im-cy {Ij-d¿ Po-h-\-°m-cn-bm-bncp-∂p.- kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v aq∂n\v \-K-c-k-` {In-an-t‰m-dn-b-Øn¬. -AΩ: h-≈n-b-Ω.- k-tlm-Z-cn: -]m¿-Δ-Xn.

hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n ]-cn-t¡-äv Nn-In-Õ-bn-en-cp-¶ bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: A-⁄m-X hm-l-\-an-Sn-®v ]-cn-t°-‰v NnIn-’-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p.- Nm-e-°p-Sn h-St°-S-Øv kp-tc-jv _m-_p-hn-s‚ a-I≥ B-en-Øv(22)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv.- {I-k‚ v kv-Iq-fn-\v k-ao-]w I-gn-™ P-\p-h-cn 27-\m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw.- Xp-S¿-∂v sh-√q¿ B-ip-]-{Xn Nn-In-’-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p.-

ap-l-½-Zv C-kv-am-bnÂ

\-S-cm-P³ B-Nm-cn

hÂ-k-e

Im-™n-c-∏-≈n : P-am-AsØ C-kv-em-an ap≥ {]-tZin-I A-ao-dpw dn-´-tb¿-Uv A-[ym-]-I-\p-am-b X-e-∏≈n-bn¬ Sn ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv Ckv-am-bn¬ lm-Pn (69). J_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn.- `m-cy: sse-e. ta-Ø-cp-ho-´n¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw. a-°-ƒ: kn-dmPv,\-Pv-an(F≥.-F-®v.-bp.-]n.F-kv Im-™n-c-∏-≈n), apl-Ω-Zv \-Zo¿ (sI.-F-kv.C._n I-f-a-t»-cn), ap-l-ΩZv A-kv-ew (C-¥y≥ Fw-_kn kv-Iqƒ ^p-ssP-d) A\o-kv, ssk-\-_p (Ãm-^v \-gv-kv ku-Zn). a-cp-a-°-ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ I-cow (am-[y-aw _n-kn-\-kv F-Iv-kn-Iyq-´nhv) a-kq-Zv (ku-Zn) , j-lo\, sj-an, ^u-kn, P-kn-b.

B-e-∏p-g: hn-Zym-`ym-k h-Ip-∏v dn-´. Po-h-\-°mc≥ hm-S-bv-°¬ sF-izcy-bn¬ \-S-cm-P≥ B-Nmcn (76). `m-cy: I-\-I-Ω. a°ƒ: tkm-a-cm-P≥, k\¬-Ip-am¿, kp-tc-jv-Ipam¿ (aq-h-cpw Kƒ-^v), kPn, dm-Wn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: joP, an-\n, tc-Wp-I, l-cnIp-am¿. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-°v 12\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: sN-ßm-eq¿ ]-d-ºn-°m-´n¬ cm-a-Ir-jvW≥ `m-cy h¬-k-e(65). kw-kv-Im-cw sh-≈n-bm-gv® ssh-Io-´v B-dn-\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: c-P-\n, A-ºn-fn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kptc-jv, i-in.

_m-_p N-ß-¶-cn: \m-ep-]p-c-bv°¬ _m-_p sI -B¿ (54). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: Hm-a-\. a-°ƒ: _n-¶p, A-\p, Nn-∏n. a-cp-aI≥: {io-Pn-Øv .

h-ln-X Nm-e-°p-Sn: Ip-‰n-°m-Sv Iq¿-°-a-‰w dn-´.- sI.-Fkv.-C.-_n. -Po-h-\-°m-c≥ Np-¶-Øp-]-d-ºn¬ A-_vZpƒ P-∫m-dn-s‚ `m-cy hln-X(53).- kw-kv-°m-cw sh-≈n-bm-gv-N cm-hn-se Hº-Xn-\v sIm-sºm-Sn-™ma-°¬ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬. a-°ƒ: -sP-\o-j,- dw-kn.a-cp-a-°ƒ: j-^v-\,- jp°q¿.

ta-Kn A-¥n-°mSv: ]p-Ø≥]oSn-I I-cp-Xp-Ip-f-ßc t]m-fn-s‚ `m-cy taKn(68). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 11\v ]pØ≥-]oSn-I sk‚ v. B‚-Wo-kv ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: jmPp, tjm_n, eo-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: kn-Pn, Umen, _m-kv-‰n≥.

tZ-h-Inap-l-Ω: ]-´-W-°m-Sv sNdp-am-´p-sh-fn-bn¬ tZ-h-In (78). a-°ƒ: tc-h-Ω, kp-[¿-a, kp-j-a, ]-tc-X-\m-b _m_p.

A-¶-½-

_m-_p

C-Sp-°n-: hm-g-tØm-∏v ]c-Ø-\m¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm-k-^n-s‚ `m-cy A∂-Ω-(81). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 10-\v hm-gtØm-∏v sk-‚ v tPm¿-Pv I-Øo-{U¬ ]-≈n-bn¬. a-°ƒ-: sk-_m-kv-‰y≥, kn-kv-‰¿ h-μ-\-(F-kv.-Fkv.-]n.-F-kv sIm¬-°Ø),A-K-kv-‰y≥-(dn-´.sl-Uv-am-kv-‰¿), ^m. tPm-kv ]-c-Ø-\m¬-(kn.Fw.-kn.-sF), B≥-k-Ω(Im¬-h-cn kv-Iqƒ Im¬h-cn-au-≠v), ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm¿-Pv. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: t{Kkn ]o-Sn-I-a-e-, tdm-kn-en a-e-am-°¬, cm-P≥ h¿Ko-kv(dn-´. ]-©m-b-Øv sk-{I-´-dn).

sN-dp-tXm-Wn-: a-cn-bm-]pcw Ip-f-Øn-\m¬ _m-_p tXm-a-kv(64) . kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v aq∂n-\v a-cn-bm-]p-cw sk-‚ v ta-cn-kv tZ-hm-e-b-Øn¬. `m-cy-: sk-en≥ tPm-k-^v sh-≈n-emw-I-≠w s]-cnb-Øv Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw.- a°-ƒ-: tPm-_n, Pn-_n, sse-_n. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: _nPp Ip-Ø-\m-]n-≈n¬, _n-Pn hm-g-∏-\m-Sn-bn¬.

bp-h-Xn sh-t«-äp a-cn-¨ tIkv: hn-e-¡p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn-¨v "KÀ-`-{io-am³' Xn-tb-ä-dp-I-fn-te-¡v `À-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-³ A-d-Ìn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sI.sP s{]m-U-£≥-kn-s‚ _m-\dn¬ {]-i-kv-X Om-bm-{Km-lI≥ A-\n¬ tKm-]n-\m-Yv kwhn-[m-\w sNøp∂ K¿-`-{ioam≥ -hn-e-°p-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn®v Xntb-‰-dp-I-fn-te-°v. ]p-cpj≥ K¿-`w [-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂{]ta-b-Øn¬ \n¿an-°p∂ Nn{X-Øn-¬ kp-cm-Pv sh-™m-d-aqSv BWv \m-b-I≥. C-tX B-i-b-w Dƒ-s°m-≠v kn-\n-a-sbm-cp-°m≥ {i-an-®n-cp∂ kp-[o-jvIp-am¿ K¿-`-{io-ams‚ Xn-c-°-Ybv-°v X-s‚ I-Ybp-am-bn km-ay-ap-s≠-∂v Btcm-]n-®v s^-^v-I-sbbpw s{]m-Uyq-tk-gv-kv A-tkm-kntb-j-s\-bpw k-ao-]n-®n-cp-∂p.

B-tcm-]-W-Øn¬ I-g-ºn-s√∂-Xn-\m¬ A-h¿ ]-cm-Xn X≈n-. Xp-S¿-∂v kp-[o-jv Pn-√m tIm-S-Xn-sb- k-ao-]n-®p. Xn-c°-Y-Iƒ c-≠pw ]-cn-tim-[n-®v km-ay-an-s√-∂v tIm-S-Xn hn-ebn-cp-Øn. Xp-S¿-∂v kn-\n-a-bpsS dn-eo-kn-Mv X-S-bm≥ sslt°m-S-Xn-sb k-ao-]n-®v tà hm-ßn. F-∂m-¬, Pn-√m tIm-SXn-°v A-©p-e-£w cq-] _m-¶v Kym-c‚n \¬-In Nn-{Xw dn-eo-kv sN-øm≥ ssl-t°m-S-Xn D-Øhn-´p. hm¿- Ø m- k - t Ω- f - \ - Ø n¬ kw-hn-[m-b-I≥ A-\n¬ tKm]n-\m-Yv, Xn-c-°-Ym-Ir-Øv kph-N≥, \-Sn Ku-cn-Ir-jv-W ]s¶-Sp-Øp.

I-bv-]-aw-K-ew (Xriq¿): Im-fap-dn-bn¬ bp-h-Xn sh-t´-‰p a-cn® tIkn¬ `¿-Xrk-tlm-Z-c-≥ A-d-Ãn¬. ]-≈n-∏-d-ºn¬ C-kvam-Cu¬(40) B-Wv A-d-Ãn-emb-Xv. k-tlm-Z-c≥ C-kv-lm-Jen-bp-sS `m-cy Pm-kv-an-\m(38)Wv C-kv-am-Cuen-s‚ sh-t´-‰v acn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw cm-hnse H-º-tXm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. H-fn-hn¬t]m-b {]-Xn sIm-Sp-ß√q¿ t]m-en-kn¬ Io-g-S-ßp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kn.sF sI sP ]o‰-dpw kw-L-hpw C-bm-fp-sS A-dÃv tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn. {]-Xn-bpw sIm-√-s∏-´ Pm-kvan-\pw \m-fp-I-fm-bn X¿°-Ønem-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-\nsS th-en sI-´p-∂-Xn-\n-sS s]-s´-∂p-≠m-

C-kv-am-Cu¬ b X¿-°-am-Wv sIme-bn¬ Iem-in-®-sX-∂pw {]-Xn t]m-enkn-t\m-Sp k-Ω-Xn-®p. th-en sI´m\m-bn X-dn-Iƒ sh-´m≥ I-cpXn-b I-ØnsIm≠mWv {]-Xn Pmkvans\ IpØn-b-Xv.

i-in-[-c³-

aq-e-a-‰w-: dn-´. sI-Fkv-C-t_m-¿-Uv D-tZymK-kv-Y≥- - In-g-t°-awK-e-Øv i-in-[-c≥- Iøm-e-]-d-ºn¬ (65). kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v D®-°v c-≠n-\p ho-´p-hf-∏n¬ . `m-cy- th-ßp¿- Im™n-en-]-Sn-™m-sdho-´n¬- P-e-P-Ip-am-cn-. a-°ƒ-: i-c-Xv Ip-am¿(t^m-°-kv tam-t´m¿Ip-ª-Ðp-Ã kv sIm-®n-), cm-tP-jv Ip-‰ym-Sn: ss]-°-f-ßm-Sn Ip-am¿- (_-l-dn≥-), a-W-°-c A-Ω-Zv-ap-kveym- k-Pn-Xv Ip-am¿- (Ip-Scp-sS a-I≥ Ip-™-–p-√ b-Øp¿- ]-©m-b(44). `m-cy: sk-bv-\. a°ƒ: a-bn-Pp-_, ap-^o-Z, Øv). a-cp-a-°ƒ- :kn\p, cm-Jn- . an≥-lm-Pv, k-l-e.

20 e-£-¯n-sâ kzÀ-Ww ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn I-cn-∏q¿: F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n\p-≈n¬ H-fn-∏n-®p-I-S-Øn-b 20 e-£-Øn-s‚ 699 {Kmw kz¿-Ww F-b¿ I-Ãw-kv C‚-en-P≥-kv ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn. C-∂-se tZm-l-bn¬-\n-∂v F-b¿C-¥ym F-Iv-kv-{]- v hnam-\-Øn¬ I-cn-∏q-cn-se-Øn-b sIm-Sp-h-≈n h-en-b-]-d-ºv ap-lΩ-Zv a≥-kq-dn(32)¬- \n-∂m-Wp Ch ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. F-a¿-P≥-kn sse-‰n-\p-≈nse _m-‰-dn-bp-sS ÿm-\-Øv 24 I- j - W - ß - f m- ° n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p kz¿-W-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. F-Ivkv-td ]-cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ kw-ibwtXm-∂n A-[n-Ir-X¿ ]-cntim-[n-®-t∏m-gm-Wp kz-¿-Ww Is≠-Øn-b-Xv.

Im-fn-b-½mÄ sXm-Sp-]p-g: am-cn-bn¬ ]tc-X-\m-b ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ B-Nm-cn-bp-sS `m-cy Imfn-b-Ωmƒ (90). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-°p c-≠n\p ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: A-Ωm-fp, A-Ωn-Wn, ]-tcX-\m-b \m-cm-b-W≥,Hma-\.a-cp-a-°ƒ : a-Wn,c-Xv\-Ω , ]-tc-X-cm-b th-embp-[≥,tKm-]m-e-Ir-jvW≥.

^m-¯n-am l-Öp-½ a-ºm-Sv: Hm-Sm-bn-°¬ ]tc-X-\m-b F-S-Ø-SØn¬ Ip-™-e-hn lmPn-bp-sS `m-cy ^m-Øn-am l-÷p-Ω (68). a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv F-∂ _m-h, A_q-_-°¿.

Hm-t«m-dn-£-bp-sS- ap-I-fn-te-¡vsX-§v- ho-Wv- ss{U-hÀ- a-cn-¨p

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´-:- Hm-Sn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂- Hm-t´m-dn-£-bp-sSap-I-fn-te-°v- sX-ßv- I-S-]pgIn ho-Wv- ss{U-h¿- a-cn®p.- a-Æm-d-°p-f-™n- ]m-ºm-t°m-´v- h¿-Ko-kn-s‚- a-I≥ sN-dn-bm-≥ ]n- h¿-Ko-kv- (jn-t\m-Pv-˛-29)- B-Wv- a-cn®-Xv.- C∂-se ]p-e¿s® 4.-45 Hm-sS Xm-sg- sh-´n-{]wRp-Æp-¶¬- ]-Sn-bn-em-Wv- A-]-I-Sw.- A-ar-Xm B-ip-]{Xn-bn-te-°p-≈ bm-{X-°msc ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´- sI.Fkv.B¿-.Sn.kn- _kv- kv-‰m-≥-Un¬- - hn-´-ti-jw- aSßnssa-e-{]-°v- h-cp-tºm-gm-bn-cp-∂p- A-]-I-Sw.- tdm-Uns‚- h-i-sØ- ]p-c-bn-S-Øn¬- \n-∂- D-W-ßn-b- sX-ßmWv- I-S-]p-g-In- Hm-t´m-°v- ap-I-fn-te-°v- ho-W-Xv.- Xebv°v- £Xta‰m-Wv- jn-t\m-Pv- acn-®Xv.- ]pe¿-s®bmbXn-\m¬- A-]-I-Sw- \-S-∂-Xv- ssh-In-bm-Wv a-‰p≈h¿ A-dn-™-Xv.]-Ø-\w-Xn-´-bn¬-\n-∂v- s]m-eo-kpw- ^-b¿-t^m-gvkpw- F-Øn-bm-Wv- ar-X-tZ-lw- P-\-d¬- B-ip-]-{Xn-bnem-°p-∂-Xv.- ar-X-tZ-lw- t]m-kv-‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\v- tijw- ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´-bn-se- kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn- tam¿-®dn-bn¬- kq-£n-®p.- kw-kv-Im-cw- ]n-∂o-Sv.- A-hn-hm-lnX-\m-Wv.- AΩ:- Hm-a-\- (tim-im-Ω-).- k-tlm-Z-c߃ :- kn-\n,- kn-Pn.-

sI.F-kv.C._n. Km-Uv-KnÂ: tIm¬-{K-Ên-\pw IcmÀ Po-h-\-¡m-c³ kn.]n.F-½n-\pw \n-e-]m-Sv t¡-äp a-cn-¨p B-e-Øq¿: sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂am-tä-−-Xm-bn h-cpw: ]n Sn tXm-a-kv tjmXn-\n-sS sI.F-kv.C._n. I-cm¿ B-ep-h: Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´ns\ F-Xn¿-°p-∂ \n-e-]m-Sn¬ \n-∂p kn.]n.Fw., tIm¨-{K-kv Dƒ-s∏-sS-bp-≈ ap-Jym-[m-cm cm{„o-b ]m¿-´n-Iƒ-°v C-∂-s√¶n¬ \m-sf ]n-∑m-td-≠n-h-cp-sa∂v ap≥ Fw.]n. ]n Sn tXm-a-kv. B-ep-h ]-cn-ÿn-Xn kw-c-£W-kw-L-Øn-s‚ `q-anan-{X ]p-ckv-Im-cw P-Ãn-kv sI kp-Ip-am-c\n¬ \n-∂v G-‰p-hm-ßn kw-kmcn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-lw. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ F∂pw F-Xn¿-°p-∂-h-sc N-cn{Xw N-h‰p-Ip´-bn-te-°p X-≈psa-∂ Im-cy-Øn¬ kw-i-bw th≠. Km-Uv-Kn¬ dn-t]m¿-´n-s\ A-

\p-Iq-en-®-Xn-s‚ t]-cn¬ h-f-sctb-sd {]-bm-k-߃ hy-‡n-]c-am-bn X-\n-°p t\-cn-tS-≠n-hs∂-¶n-epw C-Xn¬ Zp-xJ-an-√. ]›n-a-L-´-a-e-\n-c-Iƒ C-t∏mƒ kw-c-£n-°m≥ I-gn-™n-s√¶n¬ ]n-∂o-Sv H-cn-°-epw I-gn-bn√. C-Sp-°n-bpƒ-s∏-sS G-Xm\pw Pn-√-I-fn-se I¿-j-I-sc _m-[n-°p-∂ {]-iv-\-߃ am-{Xam-bn C-Xn-s\ ]-cn-an-X-s∏-SpØ-cp-sX∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d™p. N-S-ßn¬ A≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv Fw.F¬.F., Nn-∂≥ sI ss]\m-S-Øv, kn B¿ \o-e-I-WvT≥, C-kv-abn¬ kw-km-cn-®p.

Po-h-\-°m-c≥ tjm-t°-‰p a-cn®p. B-eØq¿ _m-¶vtdm-Uv ]-d-°p∂w c-¶-s‚ aI≥ Ip-©pth-e≥ (42) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se D-®-tbm-sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. F-cn-a-bq¿ tXm-´p-]me-sØ- k-ao-]-sØ t]m-kv-‰n¬ sse≥ \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bmWv kw-`-hw. D-S≥ B-e-Øq-cnse B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw a-c-n-®p. `m-cy: kp-kv-an-X. a-°ƒ: B-cy, A-Jn-e, A-RvP\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ir-jv-W≥.

Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2014-06-06  

Thejas Epaper obit edition. 2014-06-06

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