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thÀ-]mSv

KOCHI

04 Pq¨ 2014 _p[≥

inÂ-¸n- sI BÀ cm-P³

kq-cy-\m-cm-b-W³ iÀ-a

sse-e

N-{µ³

X-¦-½

tPm-k-^v

tZ-h-cm-P tj-Wm-bv

_m-lp-te-b³

tZ-h-cm-P³

t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n: A-a-cmh-Xn P-\m¿-±-\ tZ-h-kzw h-S-t° sX-cp-hv kn.kn.F-Iv-kv/173¬ kq-cy-\mcm-b-W i¿-a(i¿-a-Pn˛87). kw-kv-I-m-cw \-SØn. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b kp-μ-cm-`m-bv. a-°ƒ:]tc-X-bm-b `m-\p-a-Xn, KoX,c-am-tZ-hn,]-fl-\m-` aey. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ ss], ]-tc-X-\m-b P-b¥-ss], ]-tc-X-\m-b \mcm-b-W-{]-`p, ssj-em `m\p.

B-ep-h: I-S-b-∏n-≈n Ite-∏-d-ºn¬ A-j-d-^ns‚ `m-cy sse-e(50). a°ƒ: kn-tdm-jv, \n-k.acp- a - ° ƒ:I- _ o¿,A- \ oj. J-_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn.

sIm-Sp-h-g-ß: tXm-∏n¬]-d-ºn¬ N-{μ≥(70). kwkv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. `m-cy: Kncn-P. a-°ƒ: {io-P, kn-_p, en_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jm-Pn, can-X,kp-I-\y.

]-d-hq¿: tX-e-Øp-cp-Øv a-™w-Xp-cp-Øv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-´-∏-s‚ `m-cy X-¶-Ω(75). kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: kp{_≥, _m-_p, hn-izw-`c≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: en-kn, kn\n.

]-≈p-cp-Øn: ]p-√m¿-tZiw tdm-Uv sk‚ v Atem-jy-kv tIm¨sh‚n-\p-k-ao-]w I-eymW-∏-d-ºn-¬ tPm-k^v(88). kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. `mcy: s\-´q¿ Ip-∂-e-°m-´v {^m≥-kn-kv. a-°ƒ: tjm-_n tXm-akv(bp-ss\-‰-Uv C-¥y C≥-jp-d≥-kv),tPm-∏≥, X-ºn(C‚-en-P≥-kv _yq-tdm), sP≥-kn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tXm-akv(sIm-®n≥ jn-∏v bm¿Uv), sP-bv-\n, tjma(sk‚ v B≥-kv kvIqƒ, I-º-f-ßn),Zmk≥.

B-ep-h: I-Ω-Øv sebn≥ e-£v-an \n-hm-kn¬ tZ-h-cm-P tj-Wm-bv(74). sF.B¿.C. I-º-\n dn-´ D-tZym-K-ÿ≥. `m-cy: hnt\m-Zn-\n. a-°ƒ:hn-\n-X, hn-\p-cm-Pv(bp.F-kv.F). a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-b-cm-Pv(sF. B¿.C D-tZym-K-afi¬), A-Rv-P-\ (bp.F-kv.F).

ssh-∏n≥: Rm-d-°¬ hen-b-]p-c-bv-°¬ _m-lpte-b≥ (83). `m-cy : ]flm-£n. a-°ƒ: D-Æn-Irjv-W≥, {]-Xm-]≥, kptc-jv, _n-μp. a-cp-a-°ƒ : Ko-X, i-in-I-e, _n-μp, chn.

]-d-hq¿: kn.]n.sF t\Xm-hpw ap≥ ]-d-hq¿ ap-\nkn-∏¬ ssh-kv sN-b¿am-\p-am-bn-cp-∂ tZ-h-cmP≥(77). ]p-Ø≥-th-en-°-c-bn-se sh¨-a-Wn-t»-cn Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. ]-d-hq-cn-se In-g-t°-{]-Øm-Wv ÿn-cXm-a-kw. tPm-bn‚ v Iu¨-kn¬ kv-t‰-‰v Iu¨-kn¬ Aw-Kw, kn.]n.sF Su¨ tem°¬-I-Ωn-‰-n-bw-Kw, Zo¿L-Im-ew ]-d-hq¿-k-l-Ic-W _m-¶v t_m¿-Uv saº¿, _m-¶v {]-knU‚ v,P-\-Io-bm-kq-{X-W ]-≤-Xn-bn-se tªm-°v dntkm-gv-kv sN-b¿-am≥ F∂o-\n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p.A-kp-J_m-[n-X-\m-bn Nn-In¬k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: hn-a-e(dn-´.A-[ym-]n-I).a°ƒ: Zo-](A-[ym-]nI,F-kv.Fw.F-®v.Fkv.F-kv sN-dm-bn), _ntPm-bv(Nm¿-t´-Uv F≥-Pn\o-b¿, se≥-kv s^-Uv Xm-eq-°v sk-{I-´-dn).a-cpa-°ƒ:A-tim-I≥, kqcy(A-[ym-]n-I,a-lm-cmPm-kv tIm-f-Pv).kw-kv-Icmw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 11.30\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.cm-hn-se 9ap-X¬ 10 h-sc ]-d-hq¿ Su¨-lm-fn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿i-\-Øn-\p-h-bv-°pw.

km-hn-{Xn A-tØm-fn: sIm-ß∂q¿ In-gp-∏w-sXm-Sn {io]-Zw {io-\n-h-m-k-s‚ `mcy km-hn-{Xn (57).

B-bn-i l-Öp-½ kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: ap-´n¬ ]-cn-bm-c-sØ ]tc-X-\m-b s\-øn¬ a-Ωnbp-sS `m-cy sIm-f-∏-‰ B-bn-i l-÷p-Ω (75). a-°ƒ: Ip-™-Ω-Zv, _jo¿, a-dn-bw, jm-Plm≥, kp-ss_-Z, ]-tcX-\m-b A-–p-¿d-lvam≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-ky, \-ko-a, k-Pv-\, A-_q_-°¿ s\-√n-b-ºw.

N-{µ-ti-J-c³ h-S-I-c: Io-g¬ ]-Sn-™md-Ø-d N-{μ-ti-J-c≥ (66). `m-cy: kp-Pm-X. a-°ƒ: kp-tP-{μ-tLm-jv, kp-Pne-`m-bv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-ivan, cm-tP-jv.

X-¦-½ Iq-S-c-™n: ]q-hm-d≥tXm-Sv \-cn-b-t©-cn-bn¬ X-¶-Ω (83).

_m-e³ a-´-∂q¿: ]-g-»n C-f-ºbn¬ lu-kn¬ B-e-°≠n _m-e≥ (87). `m-cy: Pm-\-In. a-°ƒ: kp-temN-\, km-hn-{Xn, kp-tc{μ≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tKm-hnμ≥, Zm-ap. k-tlm-Z-c߃: B-e-°-≠n cm-Lh≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b B-e°-≠n tZ-h-In.

X-¼m³- \m-bÀ

cm-P-]p-cw: h-Æm-Øn°m-\-sØ A-Sn-tbm-Sn A-_v-Zp P-ºmÀ X-ºm≥ \m-b¿ (65). B-\-°-c: sh-≈m-fq¿ Im≥-k¿ -_m-[-sb XptIm-d-Øv A-_v-Zp¬ PS¿-∂v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em∫m¿ (80). -`m-cy: B-anbn-cp-∂p. \.- a-°ƒ: kn-±o-Jv, _`m-cy: I-cn-t®-cn `m¿-K-hnjo¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, Kb-Ω. a-°ƒ: a-Wn-I^q¿, dp-Jn-b.- a-cp-a-°ƒ: WvT≥, sI a-\o-jv-Ipju-°-Øv, B-bn-i,am¿ (Kƒ-^v),. _¬-°o-kv.

t_-_n

kp-Pm-X

hÀ-¡n Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

tPm-k-^v

tPm-k-^v tXm-a-kv

a-dn-bm-½

]-ßm-h-Xn-b-½

s]-cp-h: A-h¿-a ]-Item-a-‰w ]p-Øq¿ ta-emdm-bn¬ ]n sI t__n(73). `m-cy: Im-™n-c-a-‰w ]p√w-Ip-t∂¬ Ip-Spw-_mKw h¬-k. a-°ƒ _nPp,B-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ se\n, tPm-k-^v ]p-∂-®men¬. kw-kv-Im-cw \-SØn.

Nn-d-°-S-hv:Nn-d-°-S-hv In-g-°pw-`m-Kw ap-≠pth-en-¬ dn-´ ]-©m-bØv ¢¿-°v tkm-a-ti-c]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy kpPm-X(52). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v H-∂n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ:\o-Xp-ti-J¿, lcn-ti-J¿

s]-cp-h: im-¥n-]p-cw ap≠w-Ip-gn-bn¬ h¿-°n Ipcym-t°m-kv(]m-∏-®≥ 65). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 12.30\v s]-cp-h sk‚ v {^m≥-kn-kv Un km-e-kv N¿-®n¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b X-¶-Ω. a-I≥:k_n .

]q-f-°q¬: ]-tc-X-\m-b A-Øn-t°m-S≥-I-≠n sN-t°m-´n-bp-sS `m-cy amXp (85). a-I≥: cm-P≥. a-cp-a-Iƒ: tim-`. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-am-c≥, IWm-c≥, tI-f-∏≥, \m-cmb-Wn, Pm-\p.

aq-e-a-‰w- : P-e-¥¿- kn-‰na-‰-Ø-\m-\n-°¬- tPm-k^v tXm-a-kv (Ip-t™-∏v 83). kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v cmhn-se 10.30\v aq-e-a-‰wsk‚ v tPm¿-Pv s^m-td-m\- ]-≈n- sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬-. `m-cy:- F-Sm-Sv Ip-t∂¬- A-∂-°p-´n. a-°ƒ-: tXm-a-kv, ta-cn-, kn-kn-en, B-eo-kv, sP-kn, s_∂n, km-Pp-. a-cp-a-°ƒ- :tagv-kn- tXm-a-kv(]m-kv-‰d¬- Iu¨-kn¬- Aw-Kw), tSm-an- (sNm-tΔm-en-IpSn- aw-K-ew-Umw-) ,tPm-bn®≥- C-S-ap-f-bn¬- a-t©cn, X-¶-®-≥- (h-S-°≥tXm-´-Øn¬- aq-e-a-‰w-) kn-_n- (]-¥-em-Sn-°¬\n-e-ºq¿-), A-Rv-P-en-.

Xn-cp-h-√: C-c-hn-t]-cq¿ h-≈n-bn¬ hn kn tPm-k^n-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-bm-Ω (82). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf ssh-Io-´v \m-en-\v C-c-hnt]-cq¿ sk‚ v ta-co-kv Iv\m-\-b ]-≈n sk-an-tØcn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: em-ep, tP°-_v Ip-´n, s_-‰n, Ip™v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tXm-akp-Ip-´n, em-en, tPm-_n, _n- n-en.

X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv: P-b k-Z-\-Øn¬ sN-√-∏-≥\m-b-cp-sS `m-cy ]-flm-hXn-b-Ω (76). kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: P-b-Ipam¿, Ko-Xm-Ip-am-cn, kp[m-Ip-am-cn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Dj, kp-Z¿-i≥, th-WptKm-]m¬,

^m-¯n-a

\-kv-d-Øv: Ãm-Nyp P-Mvj-\p-k-ao-]w ]-≈n-∏-dºn¬ tPm-k-^v(77). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 9\v \-kv-d-Øv Xn-cp-°pSpw-_ tZ-hm-e-b sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: A-KÃm. a-°ƒ: B‚-Wn, jo-_,ta-gv-kn, ^n-tem-an\,a-Rv-Pp-, sse-Pp, ss_Pp, a-\p. a-cp-a-°ƒ:B‚Wn,k-t¥m-jv, jm-en, \o-X, tkm-Wn,ssjPp,en≥-kn.

tjÀ-fn I-´n-∏m-d: X-d-Ω¬- tj¿fn- (72)-.- tIm-gn-t°m-SvtIm-´q-fn-bn¬- \n-∂v- kao-]-Im-e-Øm-Wv- I-´n∏m-d-bn-te-°v- C-h¿- Xma-kw- am-dn-b-Xv.- a-Iƒ: tam-fn- ssk-a¨.-

]-\-a-cw: ssI-X-°¬ aq-k lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ^m-Øn-a (80). a-°ƒ: am-an, a-Ωq-´n, A-eo-a, ssk-\-_, A-–p-√. acp-a-°ƒ: Ak-bv\m¿, aq-k, lw-k, B-bn-i, j-ao-\.

am-Xp

th-em-bp-[³I¬-∏-I-t©-cn: I-Spßm-Øp-Ip-≠v ]m-d-°mS≥ th-em-bp-[≥ (A-∏pIp-´≥˛73).

tI-f-¸³ sIm-bn-em-≠n: sh-≈-d°m-Sv sX-cp-hn-se ]m-ebm-S≥-I-≠n tI-f-∏≥ (92). `m-cy: \m-cm-b-Wn. a°ƒ: Zm-tam-Z-c≥, N{μ≥, im-¥, Pm-\p. c-a.

tPm-k-^v ssh-ZyÀ am-\-¥-hm-Sn: F-c-aw-Ke-Øv tPm-k-^v sshZy¿ (90). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 10-\v tXmWn-®m¬ sk‚ v sk_m-kv-‰y≥ N¿-®n¬. a°ƒ: tUm. tPm¨, tPm-kv, tXm-a-kv, B-\okv.

Nm-cpw-aq-Sv (B-e-∏p-g): {]-i-kv-X in¬-∏n-bpw Nn-{X-Im-c-\pw tZ-io-b A-hm¿-Uv tP-Xm-hp-am-b Np-\-°-c sI B¿ cm-P≥ (56) A-¥-cn-®p. Np-\°-c sX-°v ]p-¥n-te-Øp-ho-´n¬ I-gn-™-Zn-hkw cm-{Xn s]-s´-∂p≠m-b A-kp-J-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øns®-¶n-epw a-cn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p ssh-Io-´v \men-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. 1980¬ A-ta-cn-°bn-se C‚¿-\m-j-\¬ _p-°v s{]m-P-Iv-‰v Ahm¿-Uv, 1993¬ tI-c-f e-fn-X-I-em A-°m-Z-an-bpsS kz¿-W-sa-U¬, 1994 in¬-∏-I-e-bn¬ tZ-iob A-hm¿-Uv, 1995¬ Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ a-lm-cm-Pmhn¬ \n-∂p in¬-∏-I-em-\n-[n ]-´w F-∂n-h I-cÿ-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. Iq-Sm-sX 1996¬ Cw-•-≠n¬\n-∂p Nn-{X in¬-∏-I-e-bv-°p-≈ s^-tem-jn-∏v, 1996¬ {Km-a-{io A-hm¿-Uv, 2005¬ X-®p-im-kv-{X in¬-∏-c-Xv-\ A-hm¿-Uv Dƒ-s∏-sS tZ-io-b-hpw A-¥¿-tZ-io-b-hp-am-b ]-tØm-fw A-hm¿-UpIƒ C-t±-l-Øn-\v e-`n-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: X-¶-Ω. aI≥: hn-jv-Wp. a-Iƒ: Xm-c. a-cp-a-I≥: cm-tI-jv.

]-\n _m-[n-¨v bp-h-Xn a-cn-¨p

]q-®m-°¬: ]-\n-_m-[n-®v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bp-hm-Xn a-cn-®p. ssX-°m-´p-ti-cn ]-©m-b-Øv aq-∂mw hm¿-Un¬ \n-I¿-Øn¬ k-t¥m-jn-s‚ `m-cy _n-kn (36)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ]-\n _m-[n-®v h-≠m-\w sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-cn-s° C-∂-se cm-hn-se-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. a-°ƒ: km-{μ, k‘y. kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn.

Zp-_-bn a-cn-¨-\n-e-bn I-s−-¯n-b bp-hm-hn-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw C-¶v \m-«n-se-¯n-¡pw

Nm-h-°m-Sv-: Zp-_m-bn¬ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b bp-hm-hn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw _p-[-\m-gv-® cm-hn-se \m-´nse-Øn-°pw. Kp-cp-hm-bq¿ C-cn-ß-∏p-dw A-co-°-c apIp-μ-s‚ a-I≥ I-Æ≥ F-∂v hn-fn-°p-∂ [-t\-jndp-Jn-bm _o-hn (29)s\-bm-Wv hym-gm-gv-® cm-{Xn A¬-Jq-kn-se Xm-aDab-\√q¿: A-º-ew-Ip- k-ÿ-e-Øv a-cn-® \n-e∂v tdm-Uv hn-f ]p-Ø≥bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. ap-dn ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b AXp- d - ° m- X n- c n- ° p- I - b pw –p¬ dlow Ip-™n-s‚ sam-ss_¬ t^m¨ A`-m-cy dp-Jn-bm _o-hn(85). ‰≥-Uv sN-øm-Xn-cn-°p-Ia°ƒ: \-_o-km _ohn, bpw sN-bv-X-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿_-Z-dp-±o≥, d-jo-Z, \-ko- ∂v k-l-{]-h¿-Ø-I¿ Zpa, \q¿-P-lm≥. a-cp-a°- _-bv- t]m-eo-kn¬ hn-h-ca-dn-bn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ƒ: _-Z-dp-±o≥, sse-e, kn-dm-Pp-±o≥, F-®v F d- G-Xm-\pw Zn-h-k-߃-°vlow, \m-k-dp-±o≥. C∂- ap≥-]v- [-t\-jv- X-s‚ t^se cm-hn-se D-a-b-\√q¿ kv-_p-°v s{]m-ss^-en¬ Xq-°p-I-b-dn-s‚ Nn-{Xw am-‰n-bn-´n-cp-∂p. \m-ev h¿-jPp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬ I-_tØm-f-am-bn Zp-_m-bn-se Im¿-tKm I-º-\n-bn¬ dS°n. s{sU-h-dm-bn tPm-en sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZlw _p-[-\m-gv-N \m-´n-se-Øn-°pw. am-Xm-hv-: P-b. ktlm-Z-c-߃: ap-tI-jv-em¬(am-[y-a {]-h¿-Ø-I≥ Xr-iq¿), [-\y.

hn-ZymÀ-Yn-sb ho-Sn-\p-Ån a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn I-s−-¯n X-¦-¸³-

in-h-Zm-k³ ]n-Å

kp-Ip-am-c³ \m-bÀ

th-em-bp-[³

D-®n-Ir-jv-W³

cm-P-½-]n-Å

C-{_m-lnw

tdm-k

Xn-cp-h-√: h-≈w-Ip-fw s]m-bv-I-bn¬ sX-t°Xn-¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-Lh≥-]n-≈-bp-sS a-I≥ in-h-Zm-k≥-]n-≈ (tKm]n-˛62). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v ho´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: h-k¥. a-°ƒ: [-\y, [-\pjv, l-cn-Zm-kv. a-cp-a-I≥: A-c-hn-μv.

Xn-cp-h-√: h-f-™-h´w A-{_-bn¬ kp-Ipam-c≥ \m-b¿ (650. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cmhn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. `m-cy: I-cm-P-Ω. kp-tc-jv Ip-am¿, e£v-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ: at\m-Pv, im-cn.

a-W-eq¿: H-fm-´v th-embp-[≥(66). `m-cy: h¬-ke. a-°ƒ: hn-t\-jv, hnPn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-iz-Xn, kp-tc-jv.

h-S-°m-t©-cn: ap-≈q¿°-c C-cp-\n-ew-tIm-Sv imc-Zm-e-b-Øn¬ D-Æn-Irjv-W≥(53). `m-cy: k-en. a-°ƒ: en-j, \n-j, Pn-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tP-jv, IÆ≥, D-Æn-Ir-jv-W≥.

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: a-cp-sX°v s\-Sp-tßm-´v ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-cm-bW≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy cm-P-Ω-]n-≈(89). a°ƒ: k-c-kz-Xn-b-Ω, cm[-Ω-]n-≈, {]-`m-I-c≥]n-≈, ]-tc-X-\m-b kp[m-I-c≥-]n-≈. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-cta-iz-c≥-]n-≈, ]-tc-X\m--b tkm-a-\m-Y≥-]n≈, k-Xy-h-Xn-b-Ω, X¶-a-Wn-b-Ω.

]-≈n-°-c: s]-cn-ßm-e Im-cp-Ip-∂-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b A-_q-_-°-dn-s‚ a-I≥ C-{_m-lnw(80). Pam-A-sØ C-kv em-an ap≥ {]m-tZ-in-I A-ao¿, sF.kn.Sn {S-Ãv sN-b¿am-\m-bpw {]-h¿-Øn-®n´p-≠v. `m-cy: Ip-™pΩ.a-°ƒ: A-_q-_°¿,ap-l-Ω-Zm-en(a-kv-I‰v),b-ln-b,ssk-Zv,k-emlp-±o≥,Xm-Pp-±o≥(aq-hcpw a-kv-I-‰v),A-^v-kØv. a-cp-a-°ƒ:A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv, ^u-kn-b,ssee,k-^n-b,^-ko-e,jaow, Pp-ss_-cn-b. J-_d-S-°w C-∂v D-®-°v 12\v ]-≈n-° Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: Im-hpw-]pdw ]-d-ºn ]-tc-X-\m-b Hutk-^v `m-cy tdm-k-(84). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn™v 2\v sF-ap-dn Xn-cp-lrZ-b tZ-hm-e-b sk-an-tØcn-bn¬. ]-tc-X Im-™q¿ am-S-∏m-S≥ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. a-°-ƒ: F¬-kn, t__n(_n-P-bv-kv sS-bv-e-dn-Mv Im-hpw-]p-dw), tPm-Wn(ap≠-°-bw),k-Æn(Nn-∏n sSIv-ssì-kv s]-cp-ºm-hq¿), tPm-kv(kn.]n.Fw Imhpw-]p-dw t\m¿-Øv {_m©v Aw-Kw). a-cp-a-°ƒ:AK-kv-‰n≥(ap-≠-°-bw), B\o-kv(a-‰q¿),-Ip-™ptamƒ(ap-≠-°-bw),ssek(am-f),ku-ay(Ip-´-ºpg).

k-Pn-X h-S-°m-t©-cn: Ip-a-c-∏\m¬ sN-ºn≥-Ip-Øv tIm-f-\n-bn¬ i-¶-c≥ aIƒ k-Pn-X(25). `¿-Ømhv hn-P-b≥. a-°ƒ: ARv-P-\(A-©v), A¿-®\(aq-∂v).

A-\nÂIp-amÀ am-ln: Nm-e-°-c {io\m-cm-b-W aT-Øn-\p k-ao-]w Ip-t´‚-hn-S A-\n¬Ip-am¿ F-∂ P-\m¿-±-\≥ (47). ]-tcX-cm-b c-m-a≥-˛-eo-e Zº-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-\mWv.

ssa-Xo³-Ip-ªv I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: C-S-°pf-ß-c ]p-en-bq¿ h-©n sX-°v lm-co-kv a≥kn¬(]-d-ºn¬) dn-´. tÃm¿ kq-{]-≠v sI ssaXo≥-Ip-™v(88). a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b sj-co-^v, B-kn-^v, lm-co-kv, apwXm-kv _o-Kw, jm-ln-Z _o-Kw, ^m-kn-b _o-Kw. a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-ao-e, apw-Xmkv-_m-bn, jm-ln-Zm-_ohn, A-øq-_v, km-Zn-Jv, jw-kp-±o≥.

{]-Zo-]vIp-amÀ I-Xn-cq¿: sI-¬-t{Sm-Wnse dn-´. D-tZym-K-ÿ-≥ Np-≠-ßm-s∏m-bn¬ Kh. l-b¿ sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]w -P-b{]-`-bn¬ {]-Zo-]vIp-am¿ aw-K-em-´v (59). ]n-Xm-hv: aw-K-em-´v cm-Lh≥ (am-Xr-`q-an I-Æq¿ Pn-√m ap≥ _yq-tdm No^v).

B-bn-i D-½ sIm-bn-em-≠n: sh-‰n-e∏m-d ]-tc-X-\m-b In-gs° h-f-∏n¬ a-c-°m¿-Ip´n-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-i -DΩ (88).

B-e-∏p-g-:- Xp-tºm-fn- shfn-bn¬- ho-´n¬- Sn- sI- X¶-∏-≥ (85-)-.- kw-kv-Im-cw_p-[-\m-gv-N- cm-hn-se- 10\v- ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.- `m-cy-:- ]tc-X-bm-b- C-μn-c.- a-°ƒ-:Po-h-cm-Pv-(tZ-im-`n-am-\n,B-e-∏p-g,-)- ]-tc-X-\m-bcm-[m-Ir-jv-W-≥,- _m-_phn-P-b-\m-Yv-(I-b¿-s^Uv-˛- B-e-∏p-g-),- B-im-eX.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:- Du¿-an-ftZ-hn,- am-b- (Im¿-Uv-_m¶v-)- D-√m-kv.- ]p-∂-{]- ˛-hb-em-¿- k-a-c- tk-\m-\nbpw- kn-.]n-.Fw.- k-wÿm-\- I-Ωn-‰n- Aw-K-hpam-b- ]n- sI- N-{μm-\-μs‚- k-tlm-Z-c-\m-Wv. kn.]n-.Fw-. t\-Xm-°-fm-bkn- _n- N-{μ-_m-_p,- Pnkp-[m-I-c-≥ Fw.-F¬.F,- kn- sI- k-Zm-in-h-≥ Fw-.F¬.-F,- tZ-im-`n-am\n- sIm-®n- am-t\-P¿- knF-≥ tam-l-\-≥,- B¿\m-k¿,- sI- {]-km-Zv,- Pnth-Wp-tKm-]m¬,- Fwkp-tc-{μ-≥ Xp-S-ßn-b-h¿A-¥n-tam-]-Nm-c-a¿-∏n®p.-

_nPp ]-c-ta-iz-c³- \-¼q-Xn-cn

Hm-a-\

t_-_n A-½

A-_v-Zp h-lm-_v

]u-tem-kv

am-Xyp

Im-´m-°-S: Xq-ßmw-]m-d C-d-bmw-tIm-Sv {io-a-lmtZ-h¿ t£-{Xw ap≥ ta¬-im-¥n I-cn-∏q¿ C√w Ir-jv-W \n-hm-kn¬ ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ -\-ºq-Xn-cn (76). `m-cy: kp-a-Xn A-¥¿-P\w. a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn (Xn-cp.tZ-hkzw-t_m¿-Uv), tI-ih≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn (aTØn¬ `-K-h-Xn t£{Xw), ]-tc-X-\m-b hn-jvWp-\-ºq-Xn-cn, ]-c-ta-izc≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn. a-cp-a°ƒ: Xp-f-ko-tZ-hn A¥¿-P-\w, -tPym-Xn, k‘y, A-\n-X.

s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: sIm-Sßm-hn-f tXm-∏p-hn-f ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b s]m∂p-hn-s‚ `m-cy Hm-a-\ (68). a-°ƒ: P-b-cm-Pv (F¬.sF.kn G-P‚ v s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c), tam-l\≥ (sI.F-kv.C._n), •m-Uv-kv-‰¨ (Kƒ-^v), kp-[-Ip-am-cn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jo-P (A-¶-W-hm-Sn), Aºn-fn, {^o-Um-kp-aw, kpio-e≥.

a-e-bn≥-Io-gv: a-Wn-b-dhn-f-bn¬ `m-kv-I-c hnem-k-Øn¬ `m-kv-Ic≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy t_-_n A-Ω (75). a-°ƒ: _m-e-N-{μ≥ \m-b¿, P-e-P-Ip-am-cn, hn-{I-a≥ \m-b¿, P-bIp-am-cn, A-\n¬-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: im-¥n-Ip-amcn, Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b¿, k-Xo-tZ-hn, I-cp-Wm-Ic≥ \m-b¿, {io-hn-Zy.

a-Æ-t©-cn: s]m-∂m-Sv Imcn-°m-t»-cn-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]-co-Xp-Ip-™n-s‚ aI≥ \-cn-b-\-bn¬ A-_vZp¬ h-lm-_v (60). `m-cy: dpJn-bm _o-hn, a-°ƒ: dn-bmkv, lm-cn-kv, kp-a-ø. a-cp-a°ƒ: ssj-a j-_m-\, ap\m-kv, am-Xm-hv: sF-jm_o-hn, k-tlm-Z-c-߃: apl-Ω-Zv-Ip-™v, A-_q-_°¿, D-Ωp-sk¬-Ω, d-lo-a _o-hn, bq-kp-^v (ap-A±o≥, a-Æ-t©-cn In-g-s° Pp-ap-A a-kv-Pn-Zv), A-_vZp¬ k-emw-d-jm-Zn (A-kn: J-Øo-_v, s]m-∂m-Sv Pp-apA a-kv-Pn-Zv) \-ko¿, \ujm-Zv (A-≤ym-]-I≥, ]≈m-Øp-Xp-Øn F¬.-]n.F-kv).

A-Sn-am-en : Nm-Ø-\m-´vIp-Sn ]u-tem-kv (67) . kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10 \v A-Sn-am-en sk‚ v tPm-¿-Pv bm-t°m_m-b ]-f-fn- I-Øo-{Uen¬. `m-cy: km-dm-Ω, A-Sn-am-en hm-Zym-´v IpSpw-_m-Kw. a-°ƒ: {]n≥kn, F-_n. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: k-Po-hv F-S-∏m-´v 10˛mw ssa¬ , _n-Pn-tamƒ ]qh-∏n-f-fn¬, am-¶p-fw.

am-∂m¿: ]m-hp-°-c ]m-∏Øn¬ ]n ]n am-Xyp (t__n-˛ 63). ap≥ km-Km ^nenw-kv am-t\-P-cm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: em-ep dm-∂n (sF-Ø-e h-en-b ]-d-ºn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a°ƒ: Um-Iv-k¨, \n-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\p (I-√nti-cn ]-Øn-]-d-ºn¬), jo-\ (F-√m-h-cpw Ipssh-Øv).

FÂ-k-½ C-cn-´n: h-´m-tXm-s´ aTØn-∏-d-ºn¬ Nm-t°mbp-sS `m-cy F¬-k-Ω (42). a-°ƒ: a-Rv-Pp, Nn©p, sa¬-_n≥.

km-an-¡p-«n A-tØm-fn: ]q-t°m-Sv tIm-f-t©-cn ao-ج km-an-°p-´n (67). `m-cy: hn-em-kn-\n.

tZ-h-In ap-°w: a-Wm-t»-cn sXm´n-°m-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tIm-cp-hn-s‚ `m-cy tZ-hIn (84).

ap-\oÀ

B-\-°-c: Ip-a-c-\-√q¿ sIm-Sn-°mw-Ip-∂v I-gpßn¬ Ip-™p-´n-bp-sS aI≥ ap-\o¿ (24).- am-Xmhv: ^m-Øn-a. `m-cy: Akv-a.- k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap\o-d,- kp-sse-J.

G-en-¡p-«nsXm-Sp-]p-g: am-dn-I C-S∏m-´p-Im-hp-¶¬ ]-tc-X\m-b F sP tXm-a-kns‚ `m-cy G-en-°p-´n(96) . kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v aq-∂n\v a-m-dn-I sk‚ v tPm-k^v s^m-tdm-\m -]-≈nbn¬. ]-tc-X I-√q¿-°m-Sv I-]ym-cp-a-e-bn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: ta-cn (Kzm-fn-bm¿), tPm-bn, kÆn (dn-´. So-®¿, sk‚ v sk-_m-kv-‰y≥-kv F-®vF-kv-F-kv h-g-n-Ø-e). acp-a-°ƒ: {]-`p A-K-Ãn≥ (Kzm-fn-bm¿), eo-e h-St°-]-d-º-Øv (]-≈n-∏pdw), ta-cn-°p-´n (dn-´. So®¿ Fw-B¿-F-kv ss]\m-hv) ]n-´m-∏n-≈n¬ (ss]-tßm-´q¿).

h-S-°m-t©-cn: hn-Zym¿-Yn-sb ho-Sn-\p-≈n¬ a-cn-® \ne-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. Ip-º-f-ßm-Sv ]m-e-t°m-´n¬ ho´n¬ A-ø-∏-s‚ a-Iƒ \n-Xy(20)s\-bm-Wv C-∂-se cmhn-se ho-´n-\p-≈n¬ a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. \n-Xy ^m-j≥ Un-ssk≥ C≥-Ãn-‰yq-´n-se Un-ssh≥ tIm-gv-kv hn-Zym¿-Yn-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

ho-«-½ Xq-§n a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

h-cm-∏p-g: Dƒ-\m-S≥ P-em-i-b kw-Lw sk-{I-´-dnbpw c-≠v s]¨-Ip-´n-I-fp-sS am-Xm-hp-am-b hn-\b(36) In-S-∏p-ap-dn-bn-se lp-°n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn. h-cm-∏p-g Nn-d-bv-°-Iw X-®-∏n-≈n k-c-k-s‚ `m-cy-bm-Wv hn-\-b. a¬-ky-sXm-gn-em-fnbm-b k-c-k-\pw hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-I-fm-b a-°-fpw ho-´nen-√m-bn-cp-∂p. D-®-bq-Wn-\p ti-j-am-Wv Xq-ßn- a-cn®-Xv. km-º-Øn-I-_m-[y-X-bm-Wv a-c-W-Øn-\p Imc-W-sa-∂v kw-i-bn-°p-∂p. F-´p h¿-j-am-bn kwLw sk-{I-´-dn-bm-bn {]-h¿-Øn-®p-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. hm¿-jn-I s]m-Xp-tbm-K-Øn¬ ]p-Xn-b `m-c-hmln-Iƒ-°v A-[n-Im-c-ssI-am-‰w \-S-Øm-\n-cn-s°bm-Wv Xq-ßn-a-cn-®-sX-∂v h-cm-∏p-g F.F-kv.sF. `m-kn ]-d-™p. ]-d-hq¿ Xm-eq-°m-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-Ãp-tam¿-´w \-S-Øn.

sI.F-kv-.C._n- I-cmÀ- Po-h-\-¡m-c³sshZyp-Xm-Lm-X-ta-äp a-cn-¨p sIm-®n-: sI.F-kv-.C._n- I-cm¿- Po-h-\-°m-c≥- ssh-

Zyp-Xm-Lm-X-ta-‰p a-cn-®p.- am-cm-cn-°p-fw- h-S-°v- ]Ømw-hm¿-Uv- B-™n-en-°m-´v- Xn-e-I≥-(58)- B-Wv- acn-®-Xv.- ssh-Zyp-Xn- t]m-kv-‰v- am-‰p-∂-Xn-\n-sS C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11.-30\v- ]-\-ºv-Im-Sv- h-®m-Wv- A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-bXv.- D-S-≥ X-s∂ F-d-Wm-Ip-fw- P-\-d¬- B-ip-]-{Xn-bnse-Øn-s®-¶n-epw- c-£n-°m≥ I-gn-™n-√.- `m-cy-: tN¿Ø-e \-K-c-k-`m- Po-h-\-°m-cn- X-¶-a-Wn.- a-°ƒ-: kmP≥,- kp-[n.- a-cp-a-Iƒ-: P-b-{io.-

tIm-S-Xn-h-cm-´-bn tUm-Iv-SÀ Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

a-™{]: tXm´-°-c ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb tPm-kv a-I≥ _n-Pp(43).`mcy: am{º ]-≈n-∏m-S≥ Ip-Spw]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: hn-Nm-c-W-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ-°m-bn tIm-S_mw-K-w Pn-an.a°ƒ: Xn-h-cm-¥-bn¬ Im-Øp-\n-∂ tlm-an-tbm tUm-Iv-S¿ A\p-tamƒ(A\n-X hnIp-g-™p-ho-Wv a-cn-®p. AZym-e-bw), Bt‚m(A-\nX-hn-Zym-e-bw).kw-kv-Imbn-cq¿ tIm-‰m-Øq¿ s]-cpcw C-∂v D-®-I-gn™v 3\v º-tS-Øv tUm. am-Xyp a™-{] am¿ …o-hm tPm¨ (60) B-Wv a-cn-®s^m-tdm-\ ]-≈n sk-anXv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se tØ-cn-bn¬. 10.50\v ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´ H∂mw- ¢m-kv a-Pn-kv-t{S-‰v X-¼m³ -\m-bÀ tIm-S-Xn \-º¿ c-≠n-emIm-™-ßm-Sv: Pn-√m kbn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. l-I-c-W _m-¶v ap≥ UtIm-S-Xn tN-cp-∂-Xn-\v ]yq-´n P-\-d¬ am-t\-P¿ 10 an\ n‰ v apº mW v tUmI v S ¿ Ip-g-™p-ho-W-Xv. hnam-hp-¶m-en-se F Xºm≥ -\m-b¿ (77). `m-cy: h-c-a-dn-s™-Øn-b ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv C-±-l-sØ Bip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]m-sb-¶n-epw h-gn-aC-μn-c. a-°ƒ: A-timI≥ \-ºym¿ (Zp-_-bv), t[y a-cn-®p. `m-cy: sP-kn. a-°ƒ: c-Rv-Pn-\n, c-iv-an, c-ay. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n-tPm, Pn-\p. kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. c-ta-i≥ \-ºym¿.

BÀ N-{µ-ti-J-c³ sF.FÂ.H. `-c-W-k-an-Xn-bn-Â

A-an-X-]-en-i: B-dp-t]À-Iq-Sn A-d-ÌnÂ

]mÂ- skm-ssk-än-bn-se s]m-«n-s¯-dn: sS-Iv-\o-jy³ a-cn-¨p

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sF-Iy-cm-{„k-`-°p Io-gn-se C‚¿-\m-j\¬ te-_¿ Hm¿-K-ss\-tkjs‚ -(sF.F¬.-H.) `-c-W-k-anXn-bn-te-°v sF.F-≥.Sn.bp.-kn kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚pw A-Jnte-¥ym ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚p-amb B¿ N-{μ-ti-J-c≥ Xn-c-s™Sp-°-s∏-´p. 185 Aw-K-cm-Py {]-Xn\n-[n-I-fn¬-\n-∂v A-Sp-Ø aq-∂ph¿-j-tØ-°p-≈ 56 Aw-K- `-cW-k-an-Xn-sb B-Wv P-\o-hbn¬ tN¿-∂ 103m-a-Xv sF.F¬.H. Iu¨-kn¬ tbmKw Xn-c-s™-Sp-Ø-Xv. 56 Aw-K- `-c-W-k-an-Xn-bn¬ 28 t]¿ Aw-K-cm-Py k¿-°m¿ {]Xn-\n-[n-I-fpw 14 t]¿ sXm-gn-ep-Sam {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fpw 14 t]¿ sXmgn-em-fn {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fp-am-Wv.

Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw: A-an-X] - e - n-ibv-°v ISw sIm-Sp-Øv \n-b-a-ewL-\w \-S-Øp-∂-h¿-s°-Xn-tcbp-≈ \-S-]-Sn-I-fp-sS `m-K-am-bn sNm-Δm-gv-N 181 sd-bv-Up-Iƒ \-SØn-b-Xm-bn kw-ÿm-\ -t]m-enkv ta-[m-hn A-dn-bn-®p. B-dpt]¿ ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. 16 tI-kp-Iƒ c-Pn-ÿ sN-bv-Xp. A-\-[n-Ir-Xam-bn kq-£n-® \n-ch - [ - n tc-JI - fpw 2,32,000¬-∏-cw cq-]-bpw Is≠-Sp-Øn-´p-≠v. C-tXm-sS C-Xp-hs - c-bm-bn \S-∂ 8580-te-sd sd-bv-Up-I-fn-embn 680- t]¿ ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. 1213 tI-kp-Iƒ c-Pn-ÿ sN-bv-Xp. 3,98,00,000¬-∏-cw cq-]-bpw Is≠-Sp-Øp. h-cpw-Zn-h-k-ß-fnepw ]-cn-tim-[-\ Xp-S-cp-sa-∂v t]m-en-kv ta-[m-hn A-dn-bn-®p.

]-ø-∂q¿: sh-≈q-cn-se P-\-Xm ]m¬ skm-ssk-‰n-bp-sS kw-kvI-c-W tI-{μ-Øn-ep-≠m-b s]m´n-sØ-dn-bn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰ sS-Iv\o-jy≥ a-cn-®p. tIm-´-bw ap-≠°-bw ]p-©-h-b-en-se Np-≠-bv°¬ hn-iz-\m-Y-s‚ a-I≥ ]-flIpam¿ (48) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn™-am-kw c-≠n-\m-Wv tImƒUv kv-t‰m-td-Pn-te-°p-≈ Iw-{]k¿ kn-en-≠-¿ s]m-´n-sØ-dn-®v A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-b-Xv. A-]-I-SØn¬ c-≠p-t]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰ncp-∂p. F-d-Wm-Ip-f-sØ sk¬am¿-´v F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mn-se sSIv-\o-jy-\m-b ]-fl-Ip-am¿ Iw{]-k¿ \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bmWv A-]-I-S-ap≠m-b-Xv. ]-fl-Ipam-dn-s\-bpw ]m¬ skm-ssk-‰n-

sXm-gn-em-fn {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fm-bn B-sI-bp-≈ 14 t]-cn¬ H-cm-fmbm-Wv N-{μ-ti-J-c≥ Xn-c-s™Sp-°-s∏-´-Xv. Pq¨ 12\v tN-cp-∂ Xn-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´ K-th-Wn-Mv t_m-Un-bp-sS {]-Y-a-tbm-K-Øn\p-ti-jw 13\v C-t±-lw C-¥ybn¬ Xn-cn-s®-Øpw.

A-\-[n-Ir-X a-Wn-sN-bn³ Øm-]-\-§Ä-s¡-Xn-tc-bpw IÀ-i-\ \-S-]-Sn: sN-¶n-¯-e Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Hm-]-tdj≥ Ip-t_-c-bp-sS `m-K-am-bn kw-ÿm-\-Øv A-\-[n-Ir-Xam-bn {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂ a-WnsN-bn≥ ÿm-]-\-߃-s°Xn-tc-bpw I¿-i-\\-S-]-Sn-sbSp-°p-sa-∂v B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n cta-iv sN-∂n-Ø-e. \n-b-a-hn-cp≤- a-Wn-sN-bn≥ ÿm-]-\-ßfp-sS {]-h¿-Ø-\-߃ \n-tcm[n-°p-sa-∂pw At±lw hm-¿Øm-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ hy-‡am-°n. Hm-]-td-j≥ Ip-t_-c-bn¬

8,375 sd-bv-Up-I-fn-eq-sS 4.56 tIm-Sn cq-] ]n-Sn-s®-Sp-Øp. CXn\p ]p-d-ta kz¿-W-hpw hn-tZi- I-d≥-kn-I-fpw hm-l-\-ßfpw hym-]-I-am-bn ]n-Sn-s®-SpØn-´p-≠v. 1,180 tI-kp-I-fm-Wv c-Pn-ÿ sN-bv-X-Xv. 670 t]-¿ A-d-Ãn-em-b-Xm-bpw sN-∂nØ-e A-dn-bn-®p. A-an-X-]-en-i Cu-Sm-°n P\-ß-sf _p-≤n-ap-´n-°p-∂ sIm-≈-∏-en-i-°m¿-s°-Xn-cmb Hm-]-td-j≥ Ip-t_-c i-‡am-bn Xp-S-cpw. Hm-]-td-j≥ Ip-

t_-c A-h-km-\n-∏n-°p-∂psh-∂ X-c-Øn-ep-≈ hm¿-ØIƒ A-Sn-ÿm-\- c-ln-X-am-Wv. Pn-√mX-e-Øn¬ t]m-en-kv kq{]-≠n-s‚-bpw t\m-U¬ Hm-^nk-dp-sS-bpw t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ ]cm-Xn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ A-Zm-e-Øp-Iƒ Cu- amkw ]q¿-Øn-bm-°pw. hm-l-\ß-fp-sS B¿.kn _p-°v CuSm-bn \¬-In ]-Ww X-´p-∂-h¿s°-Xn-cm-b \-S-]-Sn i-‡-am°p-sa-∂pw B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n ap∂-dn-bn∏p \¬In.

bn-se kq-∏¿-ssh-k¿ k-Xys\-bpw ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-thin-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. ]-fl-Ip-am-dn-s‚ ]n-∂o-Sv F-d-Wm-Ip-fw sa-Un°¬ sk‚-dn-te-°p am-‰n-bn-cp∂p. Chn-sS-h®v C-∂-se ]p-e¿s®-bm-Wv a-cWw.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

04 Pq¨ 2014 _p[≥

inÂ-¸n- sI BÀ cm-P³

A-_v-Zp h-lm-_v

]u-tem-kv

am-Xyp

a-Æ-t©-cn: s]m-∂m-Sv Imcn-°m-t»-cn-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]-co-Xp-Ip-™n-s‚ aI≥ \-cn-b-\-bn¬ A-_vZp¬ h-lm-_v (60). `m-cy: dpJn-bm _o-hn, a-°ƒ: dn-bmkv, lm-cn-kv, kp-a-ø. a-cp-a°ƒ: ssj-a j-_m-\, ap\m-kv, am-Xm-hv: sF-jm_o-hn, k-tlm-Z-c-߃: apl-Ω-Zv-Ip-™v, A-_q-_°¿, D-Ωp-sk¬-Ω, d-lo-a _o-hn, bq-kp-^v (ap-A±o≥, a-Æ-t©-cn In-g-s° Pp-ap-A a-kv-Pn-Zv), A-_vZp¬ k-emw-d-jm-Zn (A-kn: J-Øo-_v, s]m-∂m-Sv Pp-apA a-kv-Pn-Zv) \-ko¿, \ujm-Zv (A-≤ym-]-I≥, ]≈m-Øp-Xp-Øn F¬.-]n.F-kv).

A-Sn-am-en : Nm-Ø-\m-´vIp-Sn ]u-tem-kv (67) . kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10 \v A-Sn-am-en sk‚ v tPm-¿-Pv bm-t°m_m-b ]-f-fn- I-Øo-{Uen¬. `m-cy: km-dm-Ω, A-Sn-am-en hm-Zym-´v IpSpw-_m-Kw. a-°ƒ: {]n≥kn, F-_n. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: k-Po-hv F-S-∏m-´v 10˛mw ssa¬ , _n-Pn-tamƒ ]qh-∏n-f-fn¬, am-¶p-fw.

am-∂m¿: ]m-hp-°-c ]m-∏Øn¬ ]n ]n am-Xyp (t__n-˛ 63). ap≥ km-Km ^nenw-kv am-t\-P-cm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: em-ep dm-∂n (sF-Ø-e h-en-b ]-d-ºn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a°ƒ: Um-Iv-k¨, \n-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\p (I-√nti-cn ]-Øn-]-d-ºn¬), jo-\ (F-√m-h-cpw Ipssh-Øv).

tZ-h-In ap-°w: a-Wm-t»-cn sXm´n-°m-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tIm-cp-hn-s‚ `m-cy tZ-hIn (84).

ap-\oÀ

B-\-°-c: Ip-a-c-\-√q¿ sIm-Sn-°mw-Ip-∂v I-gpßn¬ Ip-™p-´n-bp-sS aI≥ ap-\o¿ (24).- am-Xmhv: ^m-Øn-a. `m-cy: Akv-a.- k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap\o-d,- kp-sse-J.

G-en-¡p-«nsXm-Sp-]p-g: am-dn-I C-S∏m-´p-Im-hp-¶¬ ]-tc-X\m-b F sP tXm-a-kns‚ `m-cy G-en-°p-´n(96) . kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v aq-∂n\v a-m-dn-I sk‚ v tPm-k^v s^m-tdm-\m -]-≈nbn¬. ]-tc-X I-√q¿-°m-Sv I-]ym-cp-a-e-bn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: ta-cn (Kzm-fn-bm¿), tPm-bn, kÆn (dn-´. So-®¿, sk‚ v sk-_m-kv-‰y≥-kv F-®vF-kv-F-kv h-g-n-Ø-e). acp-a-°ƒ: {]-`p A-K-Ãn≥ (Kzm-fn-bm¿), eo-e h-St°-]-d-º-Øv (]-≈n-∏pdw), ta-cn-°p-´n (dn-´. So®¿ Fw-B¿-F-kv ss]\m-hv) ]n-´m-∏n-≈n¬ (ss]-tßm-´q¿).

tPm-k-^v tXm-a-kv

a-dn-bm-½

]-ßm-h-Xn-b-½

X-¦-¸³-

aq-e-a-‰w- : P-e-¥¿- kn-‰na-‰-Ø-\m-\n-°¬- tPm-k^v tXm-a-kv (Ip-t™-∏v 83). kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v cmhn-se 10.30\v aq-e-a-‰wsk‚ v tPm¿-Pv s^m-td-m\- ]-≈n- sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬-. `m-cy:- F-Sm-Sv Ip-t∂¬- A-∂-°p-´n. a-°ƒ-: tXm-a-kv, ta-cn-, kn-kn-en, B-eo-kv, sP-kn, s_∂n, km-Pp-. a-cp-a-°ƒ- :tagv-kn- tXm-a-kv(]m-kv-‰d¬- Iu¨-kn¬- Aw-Kw), tSm-an- (sNm-tΔm-en-IpSn- aw-K-ew-Umw-) ,tPm-bn®≥- C-S-ap-f-bn¬- a-t©cn, X-¶-®-≥- (h-S-°≥tXm-´-Øn¬- aq-e-a-‰w-) kn-_n- (]-¥-em-Sn-°¬\n-e-ºq¿-), A-Rv-P-en-.

Xn-cp-h-√: C-c-hn-t]-cq¿ h-≈n-bn¬ hn kn tPm-k^n-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-bm-Ω (82). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf ssh-Io-´v \m-en-\v C-c-hnt]-cq¿ sk‚ v ta-co-kv Iv\m-\-b ]-≈n sk-an-tØcn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: em-ep, tP°-_v Ip-´n, s_-‰n, Ip™v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tXm-akp-Ip-´n, em-en, tPm-_n, _n- n-en.

X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv: P-b k-Z-\-Øn¬ sN-√-∏-≥\m-b-cp-sS `m-cy ]-flm-hXn-b-Ω (76). kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: P-b-Ipam¿, Ko-Xm-Ip-am-cn, kp[m-Ip-am-cn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Dj, kp-Z¿-i≥, th-WptKm-]m¬,

B-e-∏p-g-:- Xp-tºm-fn- shfn-bn¬- ho-´n¬- Sn- sI- X¶-∏-≥ (85-)-.- kw-kv-Im-cw_p-[-\m-gv-N- cm-hn-se- 10\v- ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.- `m-cy-:- ]tc-X-bm-b- C-μn-c.- a-°ƒ-:Po-h-cm-Pv-(tZ-im-`n-am-\n,B-e-∏p-g,-)- ]-tc-X-\m-bcm-[m-Ir-jv-W-≥,- _m-_phn-P-b-\m-Yv-(I-b¿-s^Uv-˛- B-e-∏p-g-),- B-im-eX.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:- Du¿-an-ftZ-hn,- am-b- (Im¿-Uv-_m¶v-)- D-√m-kv.- ]p-∂-{]- ˛-hb-em-¿- k-a-c- tk-\m-\nbpw- kn-.]n-.Fw.- k-wÿm-\- I-Ωn-‰n- Aw-K-hpam-b- ]n- sI- N-{μm-\-μs‚- k-tlm-Z-c-\m-Wv. kn.]n-.Fw-. t\-Xm-°-fm-bkn- _n- N-{μ-_m-_p,- Pnkp-[m-I-c-≥ Fw.-F¬.F,- kn- sI- k-Zm-in-h-≥ Fw-.F¬.-F,- tZ-im-`n-am\n- sIm-®n- am-t\-P¿- knF-≥ tam-l-\-≥,- B¿\m-k¿,- sI- {]-km-Zv,- Pnth-Wp-tKm-]m¬,- Fwkp-tc-{μ-≥ Xp-S-ßn-b-h¿A-¥n-tam-]-Nm-c-a¿-∏n®p.-

tI-f-¸³ sIm-bn-em-≠n: sh-≈-d°m-Sv sX-cp-hn-se ]m-ebm-S≥-I-≠n tI-f-∏≥ (92). `m-cy: \m-cm-b-Wn. a°ƒ: Zm-tam-Z-c≥, N{μ≥, im-¥, Pm-\p. c-a.

tPm-k-^v ssh-ZyÀ am-\-¥-hm-Sn: F-c-aw-Ke-Øv tPm-k-^v sshZy¿ (90). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 10-\v tXmWn-®m¬ sk‚ v sk_m-kv-‰y≥ N¿-®n¬. a°ƒ: tUm. tPm¨, tPm-kv, tXm-a-kv, B-\okv.

X-¼m³ -\m-bÀ in-h-Zm-k³ ]n-Å

kp-Ip-am-c³ \m-bÀ

th-em-bp-[³

D-®n-Ir-jv-W³

cm-P-½-]n-Å

C-{_m-lnw

tdm-k

Xn-cp-h-√: h-≈w-Ip-fw s]m-bv-I-bn¬ sX-t°Xn-¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-Lh≥-]n-≈-bp-sS a-I≥ in-h-Zm-k≥-]n-≈ (tKm]n-˛62). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v ho´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: h-k¥. a-°ƒ: [-\y, [-\pjv, l-cn-Zm-kv. a-cp-a-I≥: A-c-hn-μv.

Xn-cp-h-√: h-f-™-h´w A-{_-bn¬ kp-Ipam-c≥ \m-b¿ (650. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cmhn-se 10\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. `m-cy: I-cm-P-Ω. kp-tc-jv Ip-am¿, e£v-an. a-cp-a-°ƒ: at\m-Pv, im-cn.

a-W-eq¿: H-fm-´v th-embp-[≥(66). `m-cy: h¬-ke. a-°ƒ: hn-t\-jv, hnPn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-iz-Xn, kp-tc-jv.

h-S-°m-t©-cn: ap-≈q¿°-c C-cp-\n-ew-tIm-Sv imc-Zm-e-b-Øn¬ D-Æn-Irjv-W≥(53). `m-cy: k-en. a-°ƒ: en-j, \n-j, Pn-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tP-jv, IÆ≥, D-Æn-Ir-jv-W≥.

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: a-cp-sX°v s\-Sp-tßm-´v ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-cm-bW≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy cm-P-Ω-]n-≈(89). a°ƒ: k-c-kz-Xn-b-Ω, cm[-Ω-]n-≈, {]-`m-I-c≥]n-≈, ]-tc-X-\m-b kp[m-I-c≥-]n-≈. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-cta-iz-c≥-]n-≈, ]-tc-X\m--b tkm-a-\m-Y≥-]n≈, k-Xy-h-Xn-b-Ω, X¶-a-Wn-b-Ω.

]-≈n-°-c: s]-cn-ßm-e Im-cp-Ip-∂-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b A-_q-_-°-dn-s‚ a-I≥ C-{_m-lnw(80). Pam-A-sØ C-kv em-an ap≥ {]m-tZ-in-I A-ao¿, sF.kn.Sn {S-Ãv sN-b¿am-\m-bpw {]-h¿-Øn-®n´p-≠v. `m-cy: Ip-™pΩ.a-°ƒ: A-_q-_°¿,ap-l-Ω-Zm-en(a-kv-I‰v),b-ln-b,ssk-Zv,k-emlp-±o≥,Xm-Pp-±o≥(aq-hcpw a-kv-I-‰v),A-^v-kØv. a-cp-a-°ƒ:A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv, ^u-kn-b,ssee,k-^n-b,^-ko-e,jaow, Pp-ss_-cn-b. J-_d-S-°w C-∂v D-®-°v 12\v ]-≈n-° Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: Im-hpw-]pdw ]-d-ºn ]-tc-X-\m-b Hutk-^v `m-cy tdm-k-(84). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn™v 2\v sF-ap-dn Xn-cp-lrZ-b tZ-hm-e-b sk-an-tØcn-bn¬. ]-tc-X Im-™q¿ am-S-∏m-S≥ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. a-°-ƒ: F¬-kn, t__n(_n-P-bv-kv sS-bv-e-dn-Mv Im-hpw-]p-dw), tPm-Wn(ap≠-°-bw),k-Æn(Nn-∏n sSIv-ssì-kv s]-cp-ºm-hq¿), tPm-kv(kn.]n.Fw Imhpw-]p-dw t\m¿-Øv {_m©v Aw-Kw). a-cp-a-°ƒ:AK-kv-‰n≥(ap-≠-°-bw), B\o-kv(a-‰q¿),-Ip-™ptamƒ(ap-≠-°-bw),ssek(am-f),ku-ay(Ip-´-ºpg).

k-Pn-X h-S-°m-t©-cn: Ip-a-c-∏\m¬ sN-ºn≥-Ip-Øv tIm-f-\n-bn¬ i-¶-c≥ aIƒ k-Pn-X(25). `¿-Ømhv hn-P-b≥. a-°ƒ: ARv-P-\(A-©v), A¿-®\(aq-∂v).

A-\nÂIp-amÀ am-ln: Nm-e-°-c {io\m-cm-b-W aT-Øn-\p k-ao-]w Ip-t´‚-hn-S A-\n¬Ip-am¿ F-∂ P-\m¿-±-\≥ (47). ]-tcX-cm-b c-m-a≥-˛-eo-e Zº-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-\mWv.

ssa-Xo³-Ip-ªv I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: C-S-°pf-ß-c ]p-en-bq¿ h-©n sX-°v lm-co-kv a≥kn¬(]-d-ºn¬) dn-´. tÃm¿ kq-{]-≠v sI ssaXo≥-Ip-™v(88). a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b sj-co-^v, B-kn-^v, lm-co-kv, apwXm-kv _o-Kw, jm-ln-Z _o-Kw, ^m-kn-b _o-Kw. a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-ao-e, apw-Xmkv-_m-bn, jm-ln-Zm-_ohn, A-øq-_v, km-Zn-Jv, jw-kp-±o≥.

{]-Zo-]vIp-amÀ I-Xn-cq¿: sI-¬-t{Sm-Wnse dn-´. D-tZym-K-ÿ-≥ Np-≠-ßm-s∏m-bn¬ Kh. l-b¿ sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]w -P-b{]-`-bn¬ {]-Zo-]vIp-am¿ aw-K-em-´v (59). ]n-Xm-hv: aw-K-em-´v cm-Lh≥ (am-Xr-`q-an I-Æq¿ Pn-√m ap≥ _yq-tdm No^v).

B-bn-i D-½ sIm-bn-em-≠n: sh-‰n-e∏m-d ]-tc-X-\m-b In-gs° h-f-∏n¬ a-c-°m¿-Ip´n-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-i -DΩ (88).

Im-™-ßm-Sv: Pn-√m kl-I-c-W _m-¶v ap≥ U]yq-´n P-\-d¬ am-t\-P¿ am-hp-¶m-en-se F Xºm≥ -\m-b¿ (77). `m-cy: C-μn-c. a-°ƒ: A-tim-I≥ \ºym¿ (Zp-_-bv), c-tai≥ \-ºym¿ (]-{X-{]h¿-Ø-I≥), {]-Zo-]v-Ipam¿ (F¬.-sF.-kn), {]k-∂-Ip-am-cn (t]m-Ã-¬ Fw-tπm-bo-kv Hm-^nkv), {]-ko-X (sF.F-®v.B¿.Un tam-U¬ tImf-Pv, a-Sn-ss°). a-cp-a-°ƒ: ip-` cm-htW-iz-cw, P-b-e-£v-an, t{]w-Ip-am¿ (X-]m¬- hIp-∏v), A-Pn-Øv (hn-tZiw).

Nm-cpw-aq-Sv (B-e-∏p-g): {]-i-kv-X in¬-∏n-bpw Nn-{X-Im-c-\pw tZ-io-b A-hm¿-Uv tP-Xm-hp-am-b Np-\-°-c sI B¿ cm-P≥ (56) A-¥-cn-®p. Np-\°-c sX-°v ]p-¥n-te-Øp-ho-´n¬ I-gn-™-Zn-hkw cm-{Xn s]-s´-∂p≠m-b A-kp-J-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øns®-¶n-epw a-cn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p ssh-Io-´v \men-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. 1980¬ A-ta-cn-°bn-se C‚¿-\m-j-\¬ _p-°v s{]m-P-Iv-‰v Ahm¿-Uv, 1993¬ tI-c-f e-fn-X-I-em A-°m-Z-an-bpsS kz¿-W-sa-U¬, 1994 in¬-∏-I-e-bn¬ tZ-iob A-hm¿-Uv, 1995¬ Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ a-lm-cm-Pmhn¬ \n-∂p in¬-∏-I-em-\n-[n ]-´w F-∂n-h I-cÿ-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. Iq-Sm-sX 1996¬ Cw-•-≠n¬\n-∂p Nn-{X in¬-∏-I-e-bv-°p-≈ s^-tem-jn-∏v, 1996¬ {Km-a-{io A-hm¿-Uv, 2005¬ X-®p-im-kv-{X in¬-∏-c-Xv-\ A-hm¿-Uv Dƒ-s∏-sS tZ-io-b-hpw A-¥¿-tZ-io-b-hp-am-b ]-tØm-fw A-hm¿-UpIƒ C-t±-l-Øn-\v e-`n-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: X-¶-Ω. aI≥: hn-jv-Wp. a-Iƒ: Xm-c. a-cp-a-I≥: cm-tI-jv.

]-\n _m-[n-¨v bp-h-Xn a-cn-¨p

]q-®m-°¬: ]-\n-_m-[n-®v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bp-hm-Xn a-cn-®p. ssX-°m-´p-ti-cn ]-©m-b-Øv aq-∂mw hm¿-Un¬ \n-I¿-Øn¬ k-t¥m-jn-s‚ `m-cy _n-kn (36)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ]-\n _m-[n-®v h-≠m-\w sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-cn-s° C-∂-se cm-hn-se-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. a-°ƒ: km-{μ, k‘y. kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn.

Zp-_-bn a-cn-¨-\n-e-bn I-s−-¯n-b bp-hm-hn-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw C-¶v \m-«n-se-¯pw

Nm-h-°m-Sv-: Zp-_m-bn¬ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b bp-hm-hn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw _p-[-\m-gv-® cm-hn-se \m-´nse-Øn-°pw. Kp-cp-hm-bq¿ C-cn-ß-∏p-dw A-co-°-c apIp-μ-s‚ a-I≥ I-Æ≥ F-∂v hn-fn-°p-∂ [-t\-jn(29)s\-bm-Wv hym-gm-gv-® cm-{Xn A¬-Jq-kn-se Xm-ak-ÿ-e-Øv a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. ap-dn Xpd-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I-bpw sam-ss_¬ t^m¨ A-‰≥-Uv sN-øm-Xn-cn-°p-I-bpw sN-bv-X-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v k-l{]-h¿-Ø-I¿ Zp-_-bv- t]m-eo-kn¬ hn-h-c-a-dn-bn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. G-Xm-\pw Zn-h-k-߃-°v- ap≥-]v- [-t\-jvX-s‚ t^-kv-_p-°v s{]m-ss^-en¬ Xq-°p-I-b-dn-s‚ Nn-{Xw am-‰n-bn-´n-cp-∂p. \m-ev h¿-j-tØm-f-am-bn Zp_m-bn-se Im¿-tKm I-º-\n-bn¬ s{sU-h-dm-bn tPmen sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw _p-[-\m-gv-N \m-´nse-Øn-°pw. am-Xm-hv-: P-b. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-tI-jvem¬(am-[y-a {]-h¿-Ø-I≥ Xr-iq¿), [-\y.

hn-ZymÀ-Yn-sb ho-Sn-\p-Ån a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn I-s−-¯n

h-S-°m-t©-cn: hn-Zym¿-Yn-sb ho-Sn-\p-≈n¬ a-cn-® \ne-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. Ip-º-f-ßm-Sv ]m-e-t°m-´n¬ ho´n¬ A-ø-∏-s‚ a-Iƒ \n-Xy(20)s\-bm-Wv C-∂-se cmhn-se ho-´n-\p-≈n¬ a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. \n-Xy ^m-j≥ Un-ssk≥ C≥-Ãn-‰yq-´n-se Un-ssh≥ tIm-gv-kv hn-Zym¿-Yn-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

Im-dn-Sn-¨v ss_-¡v bm-{Xn-I³ a-cn-¨p

kq-cy-\m-cm-b-W³ iÀ-a

sse-e

N-{µ³

X-¦-½

tPm-k-^v

t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n: A-a-cmh-Xn P-\m¿-±-\ tZ-h-kzw h-S-t° sX-cp-hv kn.kn.F-Iv-kv/173¬ kq-cy-\mcm-b-W i¿-a(i¿-a-Pn˛87). kw-kv-I-m-cw \-SØn. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b kp-μ-cm-`m-bv. a-°ƒ:]tc-X-bm-b `m-\p-a-Xn, KoX,c-am-tZ-hn,]-fl-\m-` aey. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ ss], ]-tc-X-\m-b P-b¥-ss], ]-tc-X-\m-b \mcm-b-W-{]-`p, ssj-em `m\p.

B-ep-h: I-S-b-∏n-≈n Ite-∏-d-ºn¬ A-j-d-^ns‚ `m-cy sse-e(50). a°ƒ: kn-tdm-jv, \n-k.acp- a - ° ƒ:I- _ o¿,A- \ oj. J-_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn.

sIm-Sp-h-g-ß: tXm-∏n¬]-d-ºn¬ N-{μ≥(70). kwkv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. `m-cy: Kncn-P. a-°ƒ: {io-P, kn-_p, en_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jm-Pn, can-X,kp-I-\y.

]-d-hq¿: tX-e-Øp-cp-Øv a-™w-Xp-cp-Øv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-´-∏-s‚ `m-cy X-¶-Ω(75). kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: kp{_≥, _m-_p, hn-izw-`c≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: en-kn, kn\n.

]-≈p-cp-Øn: ]p-√m¿-tZiw tdm-Uv sk‚ v Atem-jy-kv tIm¨sh‚n-\p-k-ao-]w I-eymW-∏-d-ºn-¬ tPm-k^v(88). kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. `mcy: s\-´q¿ Ip-∂-e-°m-´v {^m≥-kn-kv. a-°ƒ: tjm-_n tXm-akv(bp-ss\-‰-Uv C-¥y C≥-jp-d≥-kv),tPm-∏≥, X-ºn(C‚-en-P≥-kv _yq-tdm), sP≥-kn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tXm-akv(sIm-®n≥ jn-∏v bm¿Uv), sP-bv-\n, tjma(sk‚ v B≥-kv kvIqƒ, I-º-f-ßn),Zmk≥.

km-hn-{Xn A-tØm-fn: sIm-ß∂q¿ In-gp-∏w-sXm-Sn {io]-Zw {io-\n-h-m-k-s‚ `mcy km-hn-{Xn (57).

B-bn-i l-Öp-½ kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: ap-´n¬ ]-cn-bm-c-sØ ]tc-X-\m-b s\-øn¬ a-Ωnbp-sS `m-cy sIm-f-∏-‰ B-bn-i l-÷p-Ω (75). a-°ƒ: Ip-™-Ω-Zv, _jo¿, a-dn-bw, jm-Plm≥, kp-ss_-Z, ]-tcX-\m-b A-–p-¿d-lvam≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-ky, \-ko-a, k-Pv-\, A-_q_-°¿ s\-√n-b-ºw.

N-{µ-ti-J-c³ h-S-I-c: Io-g¬ ]-Sn-™md-Ø-d N-{μ-ti-J-c≥ (66). `m-cy: kp-Pm-X. a-°ƒ: kp-tP-{μ-tLm-jv, kp-Pne-`m-bv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-ivan, cm-tP-jv.

X-¦-½ Iq-S-c-™n: ]q-hm-d≥tXm-Sv \-cn-b-t©-cn-bn¬ X-¶-Ω (83).

_m-e³ a-´-∂q¿: ]-g-»n C-f-ºbn¬ lu-kn¬ B-e-°≠n _m-e≥ (87). `m-cy: Pm-\-In. a-°ƒ: kp-temN-\, km-hn-{Xn, kp-tc{μ≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tKm-hnμ≥, Zm-ap. k-tlm-Z-c߃: B-e-°-≠n cm-Lh≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b B-e°-≠n tZ-h-In.

A-`-b-t¡-kv ho-−pw h-gn-¯n-cn-hn-te-¡v

sXm-−n-ap-X-ep-IÄ Xn-cn-sI \Â-In-bn-sÃ-¶v BÀ.Un.H. tIm-S-Xn Po-h-\-¡m-c-sâ sam-gn tIm-´-bw: hn-hm-Z-am-b kn-kv‰¿ A-`-b-t°-kv ho≠pw \n¿-Wm-b-I h-gnØn-cn-hn-te-°v. ss{Iw{_m-©v G-s‰-Sp-Ø tIkn-se \n¿-Wm-b-I-am-b F-´p sXm-≠n-ap-X-ep-Iƒ Xn-cn-sI \¬-In-bn-s√-∂v B¿.Un.H. tIm-S-Xn Po-h\-°m-c-s‚ sam-gn. Xn-cnsI e-`n-°m-Xn-cp-∂ sX-fnhp-Iƒ \-in-∏n-®p-sh-∂v F-gp-Xn-h-bv-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p-sh-∂pw kn.-_n.-sFbv-°p ap-ºm-sI \¬-In-b sam-gn-bn¬ ]-d-bp-∂p. sX-fn-hp-Iƒ ss{Iw{_m-©v \-in-∏n-°p-I-bmbn-cp-∂p-sh-∂ hm-Z-Øn\v C-tXm-sS ho-≠pw Poh≥ h-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. B-Iv-j≥ Iu¨-kn¬ I¨-ho-\¿ tPm-tam≥ ]pØ≥-]p-c-bv-°¬ \¬-In-

b ]p-\-c-t\z-j-W l¿-Pnsb-Øp-S¿-∂v kn._n.sF. \-S-Øp-∂ A-t\z-jW-Øn-s‚ `m-K-am-bp-≈ tNm-Zyw sN-ø-en-em-Wp \n¿-Wm-b-I sam-gn. tIkv A-t\z-j-W-Øn-s‚ `m-K-am-bn ss{Iw-{_m-©v G-s‰-Sp-Ø sXm-≠n-ap-Xep-Iƒ b-Ym¿-Y-Øn¬ Xncn-sI \¬-In-bn-cp-∂n-√t{X. F-∂m¬ B¿.Un.H. tIm-S-Xn-bn-se Po-h-\°m¿ tI-kn¬ \n-∂p c£-s∏-Sm≥ sXm-≠n-apX¬ Xn-cn-sI e-`n-®-Xm-bn c-Pn-Ã-dn¬ F-gp-Xp-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. C-°m-cyw ^-ben¬ tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp∂n-√. in-tcm-h-kv-{Xw, ASn-h-kv-{Xw, sN-cp-∏v Dƒs∏-sS-bp-≈ sXm-≠n-Ifm-Wv Xn-cn-sI \¬-Im-Xncp-∂-Xv. H-cp U-b-dn am-{X-

am-Wv Xn-cn-sI \¬-In-bncn-°p-∂X -- v. Xp-S-c-t\z-jW-Øn-s‚ `m-K-am-bn kn._n.sF. Un-ssh.Fkv.]n. tZ-h-cm-P≥ I-gn™ 13\v d-_¿ t_m¿-Uv K-Ãv lu-kn¬ h-®v B¿.Un.H. tIm-S-Xn-bn-se kq{]-≠v, ¢m¿-°v, kn-ÿ A-`-b-bp-sS ap-ßn-sb-SpØ-bmƒ F-∂n-h-sc tNmZyw sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. Cu tNm-Zyw sN-ø-en-\n-sS-bmWv ¢m¿-°v, ssI-b-_-≤w ]-‰n-t∏m-sb-∂ ap-J-h-ctbm-sS \n¿-Wm-b-I samgn \¬-In-b-Xv. tI-kp-ambn _-‘-s∏-´ tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-se t]m-Ãp-tam¿-´w, Xn-cp-h-\¥-]p-cw A-\-e-‰n-°¬ em-_n-se ]-cn-tim-[-\Iƒ F-∂n-h t\-c-sØ Xs∂ hn-hm-Z-am-bn-cp-∂p.

t_-_n

kp-Pm-X

s]-cp-h: A-h¿-a ]-Item-a-‰w ]p-Øq¿ ta-emdm-bn¬ ]n sI t__n(73). `m-cy: Im-™n-c-a-‰w ]p√w-Ip-t∂¬ Ip-Spw-_mKw h¬-k. a-°ƒ _nPp,B-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ se\n, tPm-k-^v ]p-∂-®men¬. kw-kv-Im-cw \-SØn.

Nn-d-°-S-hv:Nn-d-°-S-hv In-g-°pw-`m-Kw ap-≠pth-en-¬ dn-´ ]-©m-bØv ¢¿-°v tkm-a-ti-c]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy kpPm-X(52). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v H-∂n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ:\o-Xp-ti-J¿, lcn-ti-J¿

tjÀ-fn I-´n-∏m-d: X-d-Ω¬- tj¿fn- (72)-.- tIm-gn-t°m-SvtIm-´q-fn-bn¬- \n-∂v- kao-]-Im-e-Øm-Wv- I-´n∏m-d-bn-te-°v- C-h¿- Xma-kw- am-dn-b-Xv.- a-Iƒ: tam-fn- ssk-a¨.-

^m-¯n-a ]-\-a-cw: ssI-X-°¬ aq-k lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ^m-Øn-a (80). a-°ƒ: am-an, a-Ωq-´n, A-eo-a, ssk-\-_, A-–p-√. acp-a-°ƒ: Ak-bv\m¿, aq-k, lw-k, B-bn-i, j-ao-\.

N-h-d: ss_-°n¬ Im-dn-Sn-®v ss_-°v bm-{Xn-I≥ acn-®p. ]≥-a-\ am-th-en Nn-cm-f-Øv h-S-°-Xn¬ A-enB-ep-h: I-Ω-Øv sessh-∏n≥: Rm-d-°¬ h- ]-d-hq¿: kn.]n.sF t\- bm-cp-Ip-™v(23)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv . Xn-¶-fm-gv-N cm-hnbn≥ e-£v-an \n-hm-kn¬ en-b-]p-c-bv-°¬ _m-lp- Xm-hpw ap≥ ]-d-hq¿ ap-\n- se F-´n-\v C-S-∏-≈nt°m-´-°v k-ao-]-ap-≈ tZ-h-cm-P tj-Wm-bv(74). te-b≥ (83). `m-cy : ]kn-∏¬ ssh-kv sN-b¿s]m≥-h-b¬ Hm-Un-t‰msF.B¿.C. I-º-\n dn-´ flm-£n. a-°ƒ: D-Æn-Ir- am-\p-am-bn-cp-∂ tZ-h-cmdn-b-Øn-\v k-ao-]-am-bnD-tZym-K-ÿ≥. `m-cy: hn- jv-W≥, {]-Xm-]≥, kpP≥(77). t\m-Zn-\n. a-°ƒ:hn-\n-X, tc-jv, _n-μp. a-cp-a-°ƒ : ]p-Ø≥-th-en-°-c-bn-se cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. tdmhn-\p-cm-Pv(bp.F-kv.F). Ko-X, i-in-I-e, _n-μp, c- sh¨-a-Wn-t»-cn Ip-SpwUn¬ sX-dn-®p ho-W Aa-cp-a-°ƒ: P-b-cm-Pv(sF. hn. _mw-K-am-Wv. ]-d-hq-cn-se en-bm-cp-Ip-™n-s\ BB¿.C D-tZym-K-aIn-g-t°-{]-Øm-Wv ÿn-c- Zyw I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n Xmfi¬), A-Rv-P-\ Xm-a-kw. tPm-bn‚ v X-¼m³- \m-bÀ eq-°m-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw ]n(bp.F-kv.F). Iu¨-kn¬ kv-t‰-‰v cm-P-]p-cw: h-Æm-Øn∂o-Sv sIm-√-sØ kz-ImIu¨-kn¬ Aw-Kw, °m-\-sØ A-Sn-tbm-Sn cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°v A-_v-Zp P-ºmÀ kn.]n.sF Su¨ temX-ºm≥ \m-b¿ (65). am-‰n-sb-¶n-epw ssh-Ip-t∂-c-tØm-sS a-c-W-a-SB-\-°-c: sh-≈m-fq¿ °¬I Ω n‰ n b wK w, Zo¿Im≥-k¿ -_m-[-sb Xp™p. `m-cy: \q¿-P-lm≥. a-°ƒ: jm-ln-Z, k-_n-Z, LI me w ]d h q¿k l I tIm-d-Øv A-_v-Zp¬ PS¿-∂v Nn-In¬-k-bn-emk-_n-d, j-^o-Jv. cW _m¶ v t_m¿U v sa∫m¿ (80). -`m-cy: B-anbn-cp-∂p. º¿, _m-¶v {]-kn\.- a-°ƒ: kn-±o-Jv, _`m-cy: I-cn-t®-cn `m¿-K-hn- U‚ v,P-\-Io-bm-kq-{X-W jo¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, Kb-Ω. a-°ƒ: a-Wn-I]-≤-Xn-bn-se tªm-°v dn- h-cm-∏p-g: Dƒ-\m-S≥ P-em-i-b kw-Lw sk-{I-´-dn-bpw ^q¿, dp-Jn-b.- a-cp-a-°ƒ: WvT≥, sI a-\o-jv-Iptkm-gv-kv sN-b¿-am≥ F- c-≠v s]¨-Ip-´n-I-fp-sS am-Xm-hp-am-b hn-\-b(36) In-Sju-°-Øv, B-bn-i,am¿ (Kƒ-^v),. ∏p-ap-dn-bn-se lp-°n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠∂o-\n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿_¬-°o-kv. Øn. h-cm-∏p-g Nn-d-bv-°-Iw X-®-∏n-≈n k-c-k-s‚ `mØn-®n-cp-∂p.A-kp-Jcy-bm-Wv hn-\-b. a¬-ky-sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-b k-c-k-\pw _m-[n-X-\m-bn Nn-In¬hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-I-fm-b a-°-fpw ho-´n-en-√m-bn-cp-∂p. D-®k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: hn-a-e(dn-´.A-[ym-]n-I).a- bq-Wn-\p ti-j-am-Wv Xq-ßn- a-cn-®-Xv. km-º-Øn-I_m-[y-X-bm-Wv a-c-W-Øn-\p Im-c-W-sa-∂v kw-i-bn°ƒ: Zo-](A-[ym-]n°p-∂p. F-´p h¿-j-am-bn kw-Lw sk-{I-´-dn-bm-bn {]I,F-kv.Fw.F-®v.Fh¿-Øn-®p-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. hm¿-jn-I s]m-Xp-tbmkv.F-kv sN-dm-bn), _ntPm-bv(Nm¿-t´-Uv F≥-Pn- K-Øn¬ ]p-Xn-b `m-c-hm-ln-Iƒ-°v A-[n-Im-c-ssI-am‰w \-S-Øm-\n-cn-s°-bm-Wv Xq-ßn-a-cn-®-sX-∂v h-cm-∏p\o-b¿, se≥-kv s^-Uv Xm-eq-°v sk-{I-´-dn).a-cp- g F.F-kv.sF. `m-kn ]-d-™p. ]-d-hq¿ Xm-eq-°m-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-Ãp-tam¿-´w \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ:A-tim-I≥, kqcy(A-[ym-]n-I,a-lm-cmhÀ-¡n Ip-cym-t¡m-kv tPm-k-^v Pm-kv tIm-f-Pv).kw-kv-Is]-cp-h: im-¥n-]p-cw ap\-kv-d-Øv: Ãm-Nyp P-Mvcmw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 11.30\v ≠w-Ip-gn-bn¬ h¿-°n Ip- j-\p-k-ao-]w ]-≈n-∏-dho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.cm-hn-se cym-t°m-kv(]m-∏-®≥ ºn¬ tPm-k-^v(77). kw- 9ap-X¬ 10 h-sc ]-d-hq¿ 65). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hn-se Su¨-lm-fn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿- ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: hn-Nm-c-W-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ-°m-bn tIm-SXn-h-cm-¥-bn¬ Im-Øp-\n-∂ tlm-an-tbm tUm-Iv-S¿ 12.30\v s]-cp-h sk‚ v 9\v \-kv-d-Øv Xn-cp-°pi-\-Øn-\p-h-bv-°pw. Ip-g-™p-ho-Wv a-cn-®p. A{^m≥-kn-kv Un km-e-kv Spw-_ tZ-hm-e-b sk-andp-Jn-bm _o-hn bn-cq¿ tIm-‰m-Øq¿ s]-cpN¿-®n¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-XtØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: A-KDab-\√q¿: A-º-ew-Ipº-tS-Øv tUm. am-Xyp bm-b X-¶-Ω. a-I≥:kÃm. a-°ƒ: B‚-Wn, _n . jo-_,ta-gv-kn, ^n-tem-an- ∂v tdm-Uv hn-f ]p-Ø≥tPm¨ (60) B-Wv a-cn-®\,a-Rv-Pp-, sse-Pp, ss_- ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b AXv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se Pp, a-\p. a-cp-a-°ƒ:B‚- –p¬ dlow Ip-™n-s‚ am-Xp 10.50\v ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´ H`m c y dpJ nb m _oh n(85). ]q-f-°q¬: ]-tc-X-\m-b Wn,k-t¥m-jv, jm-en, ∂mw- ¢m-kv a-Pn-kv-t{S-‰v a°ƒ: \-_o-km _ohn, \o-X, tkm-Wn,ssjA-Øn-t°m-S≥-I-≠n tIm-S-Xn \-º¿ c-≠n-em_-Z-dp-±o≥, d-jo-Z, \-kosN-t°m-´n-bp-sS `m-cy am- Pp,en≥-kn. bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. a, \q¿P l m≥. ac pa °Xp (85). tIm-S-Xn tN-cp-∂-Xn-\v ƒ: _-Z-dp-±o≥, sse-e, a-I≥: cm-P≥. a-cp-a-Iƒ: th-em-bp-[³10 an-\n-‰v ap-ºm-Wv tUm-Iv-S¿ Ip-g-™p-ho-W-Xv. hnkn-dm-Pp-±o≥, F-®v F d- h-c-a-dn-s™-Øn-b ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv C-±-l-sØ BI¬-∏-I-t©-cn: I-Sptim-`. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-am-c≥, I- ßm-Øp-Ip-≠v ]m-d-°m- low, \m-k-dp-±o≥. C∂- ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]m-sb-¶n-epw h-gn-aWm-c≥, tI-f-∏≥, \m-cm- S≥ th-em-bp-[≥ (A-∏p- se cm-hn-se D-a-b-\√q¿ t[y a-cn-®p. `m-cy: sP-kn. a-°ƒ: c-Rv-Pn-\n, c-iv-an, Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬ I-_Ip-´≥˛73). b-Wn, Pm-\p. c-ay. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n-tPm, Pn-\p. kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. dS°n.

tZ-h-cm-P tj-Wm-bv

_m-lp-te-b³

tZ-h-cm-P³

ho-«-½ Xq-§n a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

tIm-S-Xn-h-cm-´-bn tUm-Iv-SÀ Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

BÀ N-{µ-ti-J-c³ sF.FÂ.H. `-c-W-k-an-Xn-bn-Â

A-an-X-]-en-i: B-dp-t]À-Iq-Sn A-d-ÌnÂ

]mÂ- skm-ssk-än-bn-se s]m-«n-s¯-dn: sS-Iv-\o-jy³ a-cn-¨p

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sF-Iy-cm-{„k-`-°p Io-gn-se C‚¿-\m-j\¬ te-_¿ Hm¿-K-ss\-tkjs‚ -(sF.F¬.-H.) `-c-W-k-anXn-bn-te-°v sF.F-≥.Sn.bp.-kn kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚pw A-Jnte-¥ym ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚p-amb B¿ N-{μ-ti-J-c≥ Xn-c-s™Sp-°-s∏-´p. 185 Aw-K-cm-Py {]-Xn\n-[n-I-fn¬-\n-∂v A-Sp-Ø aq-∂ph¿-j-tØ-°p-≈ 56 Aw-K- `-cW-k-an-Xn-sb B-Wv P-\o-hbn¬ tN¿-∂ 103m-a-Xv sF.F¬.H. Iu¨-kn¬ tbmKw Xn-c-s™-Sp-Ø-Xv. 56 Aw-K- `-c-W-k-an-Xn-bn¬ 28 t]¿ Aw-K-cm-Py k¿-°m¿ {]Xn-\n-[n-I-fpw 14 t]¿ sXm-gn-ep-Sam {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fpw 14 t]¿ sXmgn-em-fn {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fp-am-Wv.

Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw: A-an-X] - e - n-ibv-°v ISw sIm-Sp-Øv \n-b-a-ewL-\w \-S-Øp-∂-h¿-s°-Xn-tcbp-≈ \-S-]-Sn-I-fp-sS `m-K-am-bn sNm-Δm-gv-N 181 sd-bv-Up-Iƒ \-SØn-b-Xm-bn kw-ÿm-\ -t]m-enkv ta-[m-hn A-dn-bn-®p. B-dpt]¿ ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. 16 tI-kp-Iƒ c-Pn-ÿ sN-bv-Xp. A-\-[n-Ir-Xam-bn kq-£n-® \n-ch - [ - n tc-JI - fpw 2,32,000¬-∏-cw cq-]-bpw Is≠-Sp-Øn-´p-≠v. C-tXm-sS C-Xp-hs - c-bm-bn \S-∂ 8580-te-sd sd-bv-Up-I-fn-embn 680- t]¿ ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. 1213 tI-kp-Iƒ c-Pn-ÿ sN-bv-Xp. 3,98,00,000¬-∏-cw cq-]-bpw Is≠-Sp-Øp. h-cpw-Zn-h-k-ß-fnepw ]-cn-tim-[-\ Xp-S-cp-sa-∂v t]m-en-kv ta-[m-hn A-dn-bn-®p.

]-ø-∂q¿: sh-≈q-cn-se P-\-Xm ]m¬ skm-ssk-‰n-bp-sS kw-kvI-c-W tI-{μ-Øn-ep-≠m-b s]m´n-sØ-dn-bn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰ sS-Iv\o-jy≥ a-cn-®p. tIm-´-bw ap-≠°-bw ]p-©-h-b-en-se Np-≠-bv°¬ hn-iz-\m-Y-s‚ a-I≥ ]-flIpam¿ (48) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn™-am-kw c-≠n-\m-Wv tImƒUv kv-t‰m-td-Pn-te-°p-≈ Iw-{]k¿ kn-en-≠-¿ s]m-´n-sØ-dn-®v A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-b-Xv. A-]-I-SØn¬ c-≠p-t]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰ncp-∂p. F-d-Wm-Ip-f-sØ sk¬am¿-´v F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mn-se sSIv-\o-jy-\m-b ]-fl-Ip-am¿ Iw{]-k¿ \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bmWv A-]-I-S-ap≠m-b-Xv. ]-fl-Ipam-dn-s\-bpw ]m¬ skm-ssk-‰n-

sXm-gn-em-fn {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fm-bn B-sI-bp-≈ 14 t]-cn¬ H-cm-fmbm-Wv N-{μ-ti-J-c≥ Xn-c-s™Sp-°-s∏-´-Xv. Pq¨ 12\v tN-cp-∂ Xn-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´ K-th-Wn-Mv t_m-Un-bp-sS {]-Y-a-tbm-K-Øn\p-ti-jw 13\v C-t±-lw C-¥ybn¬ Xn-cn-s®-Øpw.

A-\-[n-Ir-X a-Wn-sN-bn³ Øm-]-\-§Ä-s¡-Xn-tc-bpw IÀ-i-\ \-S-]-Sn: sN-¶n-¯-e Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Hm-]-tdj≥ Ip-t_-c-bp-sS `m-K-am-bn kw-ÿm-\-Øv A-\-[n-Ir-Xam-bn {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂ a-WnsN-bn≥ ÿm-]-\-߃-s°Xn-tc-bpw I¿-i-\\-S-]-Sn-sbSp-°p-sa-∂v B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n cta-iv sN-∂n-Ø-e. \n-b-a-hn-cp≤- a-Wn-sN-bn≥ ÿm-]-\-ßfp-sS {]-h¿-Ø-\-߃ \n-tcm[n-°p-sa-∂pw At±lw hm-¿Øm-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ hy-‡am-°n. Hm-]-td-j≥ Ip-t_-c-bn¬

8,375 sd-bv-Up-I-fn-eq-sS 4.56 tIm-Sn cq-] ]n-Sn-s®-Sp-Øp. CXn\p ]p-d-ta kz¿-W-hpw hn-tZi- I-d≥-kn-I-fpw hm-l-\-ßfpw hym-]-I-am-bn ]n-Sn-s®-SpØn-´p-≠v. 1,180 tI-kp-I-fm-Wv c-Pn-ÿ sN-bv-X-Xv. 670 t]-¿ A-d-Ãn-em-b-Xm-bpw sN-∂nØ-e A-dn-bn-®p. A-an-X-]-en-i Cu-Sm-°n P\-ß-sf _p-≤n-ap-´n-°p-∂ sIm-≈-∏-en-i-°m¿-s°-Xn-cmb Hm-]-td-j≥ Ip-t_-c i-‡am-bn Xp-S-cpw. Hm-]-td-j≥ Ip-

t_-c A-h-km-\n-∏n-°p-∂psh-∂ X-c-Øn-ep-≈ hm¿-ØIƒ A-Sn-ÿm-\- c-ln-X-am-Wv. Pn-√mX-e-Øn¬ t]m-en-kv kq{]-≠n-s‚-bpw t\m-U¬ Hm-^nk-dp-sS-bpw t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ ]cm-Xn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ A-Zm-e-Øp-Iƒ Cu- amkw ]q¿-Øn-bm-°pw. hm-l-\ß-fp-sS B¿.kn _p-°v CuSm-bn \¬-In ]-Ww X-´p-∂-h¿s°-Xn-cm-b \-S-]-Sn i-‡-am°p-sa-∂pw B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n ap∂-dn-bn∏p \¬In.

bn-se kq-∏¿-ssh-k¿ k-Xys\-bpw ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-thin-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. ]-fl-Ip-am-dn-s‚ ]n-∂o-Sv F-d-Wm-Ip-fw sa-Un°¬ sk‚-dn-te-°p am-‰n-bn-cp∂p. Chn-sS-h®v C-∂-se ]p-e¿s®-bm-Wv a-cWw.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

4 Pq¨ 2014 _p[≥

inÂ-¸n- sI BÀ cm-P³ A-´-cn-¨p

sam-bv-Xo³-tIm-b- lm-Pn

B-bn-i-¡p-«n D-½

cm-Pp

_n-¿p-½

A-l-½-Zv am-ÌÀ

B-bn-i-¡p-«n l-Öp-½

B-an-\-¡p-«n l-Öp-½

]q-¡p-ªn-t¡m-b X-§Ä

\-cn-°p-\n: \-cn-°p-\nbn-se ap≥ hym-]m-cn-bmbn-cp-∂ ]m-d-∂q¿ h-tS°-≠n-Øm-gw sX-s° ]-d-ºn¬ sam-bv-Xo≥tIm-b -lm-Pn (80). `mcy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv-_m-h (_-lvdbv≥), A-_-vZp¬ _jo¿ (A-[ym-]-I≥ Kh. l-b¿-sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iqƒ, I-t°m-Sn), keow (_-lv-dbv≥), ]mØp-Ω, ssk-\-_. a-cpa-°ƒ: ssI-∏p-d-Øv Nmen¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv, h-cn-°m´v _o-cm≥ (dn-´. A-[ym]-I≥), k-°o-\, kmln-d, j-_o-\. k-tlm-Zc-߃: J-Zo-P, ]-tc-Xcm-b tIm-b-°p-´n, B-an\, ]m-Øp-Ω-bv.

a-¶-S: ]p-fn-°¬-]-d-º ]-tc-X-\m-b N-°n-ßsØm-Sn Ip-™n-∏p-lmPn-bp-sS `m-cy tI-c-fmwsXm-Sn B-bn-i-°p-´n DΩ (97). a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ A-ko-kv, ap-l-Ω-Z-en, A-–p-√, ap-l-Ω-Zv tImb, lw-k, J-Zo-P, ]mØp-Ω, am-fp-Ωp, B-ky. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-^o-k, a-dnb, B-bn-j, B-bn-i, ssd-lm-\-Øv, ssk-Xmen, a-Ωp, G-¥o≥-Ip-´n, C-{_m-low.

]-tøm-fn: kn.]n.Fw A-b-\n-°m-Sv t]m-kvt‰m-^n-kv {_m-©v AwKhpw Zo¿-L-Im-ew sa-Un-°¬ d-{]-k‚o-hpam-bn-cp-∂ ]q-Δ-Øn¬ cm-Pp (68). `m-cy: ssi-eP. a-°ƒ: Zn-eo-]v cm-Pp (Zp-_-bv), Zo-]-Iv cm-Pp (Pn.hn.F-®v.F-kv.F-kv. ]-tøm-fn). a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]n-b (Zp-_-bv), c-iv-antkm-a≥ (G-gq¿ Pn.F®v.F-kv.F-kv Xn-cq¿). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Pm-\p, ]-tc-X-cm-b tKm-]m-e≥, Ir-jv-W≥. \ncym-WØn¬ A\p-tim-Nn®v C∂se D-®-h-sc {]tZiØv l¿-Øm-em-N-cn®p.

th-ß-c: Ip-‰q¿ t\m¿-Øv ap-°n¬-]o-Sn-I-bn-se ]tc-X-\m-b sXm-Ω-ßm-S≥ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy ]m-aßm-S≥ _n-øp-Ω (85). a°ƒ: D-a¿ (Z-Ωmw), A_q-_-°¿ (Pn-±), J-Zo-P, ]m-Øp-Ωp, a-dn-bp-Ω, \^o-k, ]-tc-X-bm-b dp-Jnb. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssl-{Zp, Dkv-am≥, d-km-Jv, a-dn-bpΩ, \-^o-k. J-_-d-S-°w C∂v H-º-Xn-\v sIm-‰-t»cn-∏p-dm-b Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: sIm-Sn™n sk≥-{S¬ _-kmdn-se Xm-∏n-tXm-Wn-tbcn Sn Sn A-l-Ω-Zv am-ÿ (75). ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn Nn-daw-K-ew Pn.F¬.]n kvIq-fn-se A-[ym-]-I-\mbn-cp-∂p. tIm-‰-Ø-ßmSn a-kv-Pn-Zp¬ A-_v-dm¿, sI.F≥.Fw im-Jm ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ v ÿm-\-߃ h-ln-®n-´p≠v. `m-cy: ]m-Øp-Ω-°p´n. a-°ƒ: A-kvew, jmP-lm≥, \-Po-_v (C-c-hcpw dn-bm-Zv), sse-e, kpss_-Z, J-Zo-P. a-cp-a°ƒ: Im-{º l-k≥ ]m°-Sp-∏p-dm-b, A-co-°≥ A-_v-Zp-¿d-lv-am≥Ip-´n ]m-e-Øn-߬, sIm-fØq¿ A-_v-Zp¬ I-cow sIm-Sn-™n, kp-\n, B-cn^, j-ao-\. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v sImSn-™n-∏-≈n J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: Cu-Ãv_km-dn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b ]m-º-ßm-S≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy I-dptØm-am-´n¬ B-bn-i°p-´n l-÷p-Ω (83). a°ƒ: J-Zo-P, A-–p- a-Zv (ku-Zn), sam-bvXo≥-tIm-b, C-{_mlow-Ip-´n, B-en (kuZn), ssa-aq-\-Øv, A-iv-d^v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b t]m-°p, B-bnim-_n, i-co-^, B-cn^, B-_n-Z, _o-cm-≥Ip-´n, d-kn-b. k-tlm-Zc-߃: a-dn-bm-ap, \-^ok.

a-°-c-∏-d-ºv: ]-tc-X-\mb Ip-gn-tb-߬ ap-l-ΩZvsam-√-bp-sS-`m-cy tNtßm-´q¿ ]p-≈n-bn¬ Ban-\-°p-´n l-÷p-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: a-dn-bp-Ω, kpsse-J, ssa-aq-\, J-Zo-P, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™m-en. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p, ap-lΩ-Zm-en, A-–p¬ P_m¿, A-–p-¬ I-cow (Pn-±), J-Zo-P. J-_-d-S°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 8.30\v a-°-c-∏-d-ºv Pp-ama-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

B-\-°-c: Ip-a-c-\-√q¿ sIm-Sn-°mw-Ip-∂v I-gpßn¬ Ip-™p-´n-bp-sS aI≥ ap-\o¿ (24).-

cm-P-]p-cw: h-Æm-Øn°m-\-sØ A-Sn-tbm-Sn X-ºm≥ \m-b¿ (65). Im≥-k¿ -_m-[-sb XpS¿-∂v Nn-In¬-k-bn-embn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: I-cn-t®-cn `m¿-Khn-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: a-Wn-IWvT≥, sI a-\o-jv-Ipam¿ (Kƒ-^v), k-tlmZ-c-߃: X-ºm-bn, I-aem-£n.

am-ln: Nm-e-°-c {io-\mcm-b-W aT-Øn-\p k-ao]w Ip-t´‚-hn-S A\n¬Ip-am¿ F-∂ P\m¿-±-\≥ (47). ]-tc-Xcm-b c-m-a≥-˛-eo-e Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-I-\m-Wv. ktlm-Z-c-߃: N-{μ≥ (]p-Xp-t®-cn kw-ÿm-\ k-l-I-c-W _m-¶v amt\-P¿), {]-`m-I-c≥ (amln B-ip-]-{Xn), kn‘p (Ir-jn- h-Ip-∏v, ]pXp-t®-cn).

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: aq-∂n-bq¿ Ip-∂-Øv-]-d-ºv sIm-Sn™n-∏-≈n-°¬ k-øn-Zv Xzm-ln¿tIm-b X-ß-fpsS a-I≥ ]q-°p-™-nt°m-b X-߃ (74). `mcy: ^m-Øn-am kp-l-d F-∂ Ip-™n_o-hn. a°ƒ: Xzm-ln¿tIm-b X߃ Pn-^v-cn (dn-bm-Zv), ap-k-Ωn¬ Pn-^v-cn (sI.Fw.kn.kn dn-bm-Zv˛ h-≈n-°p-∂v a-Wv-Uew {]-kn-U‚ v), imlp¬ l-ao-Zv Pn-^v-cn, lk≥ Pn-^v-cn, lp-kbv≥ Pn-^v-cn, ssd-lm-\-Øv _o-hn, d-lv-a-Øv _o-hn, l-∂-Øv _o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-kn¿ A_v-Zp¬ l-øv in-lm-_v X-߃ ]m-W-°m-Sv (tIm-gn-t°m-Sv h-en-b Jm-kn), lp-ssk≥tImb X-߃ P-a-ep-ss√-en ]p-I-bq¿, lm-jnw _m^-Jn X-߃ sIm-bnem-≠n (kp-∂n bp-h-P-\ s^-U-td-j≥ ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚).

Ip-ªp-ap-l-½-Zv

{]-Zo-]vIp-amÀ

A-\nÂIp-amÀ

B-\-°-c: sh-≈m-fq¿ tIm-d-Øv A-_v-Zp¬ P∫m¿ (80). -`m-cy: B-an\.- a-°ƒ: kn-±o-Jv, _jo¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, K^q¿, dp-Jn-b.-

Im-fn-Im-hv: B-a-s∏m-bn¬ hm-g-°n-fn-bn-se ]-tcX-\m-b _o-cm-hp-Æn-bpsS `m-cy ]m-Øp-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, sam-bXo≥, l-k≥, Ip-™man, km-d, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: \-^o-k, kp-sseJ, J-Zn-ø, lw-k, Ip™m-Wn, A-_q-_-°¿.-

I-Xn-cq¿: sI-¬-t{Sm-Wnse dn-´. D-tZym-K-ÿ-≥ Np≠-ßm-s∏m-bn¬ K-h. lb¿ sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iq-fn\p k-ao-]w -P-b-{]-`-bn¬ {]-Zo-]vIp-am¿ aw-K-em-´v (59). ]n-Xm-hv: aw-K-em-´v cmL-h≥ (am-Xr-`q-an I-Æq¿ Pn-√m ap≥ _yq-tdm No^v). am-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-bm-b im-¥. `m-cy: P-b-{]-`. a°ƒ: ap-‡, tX-Pv (C-cp-hcpw tkm-^v-‰v-sh-b¿ F≥Pn-\o-b¿, _mw-•q¿), Ko-Xv (s]-t{Smƒ sI-an-°¬-kv, _mw-•q¿).

Ip-«-¸³-]n-Å

ap-l-½-Zv

{]-`m-I-c³ -\m-bÀ- -

sam-bv-Xp

J-Zo-P

B-an-\

aq-k- lm-Pn

A-ÐpÂ- A-ko-kv-

F-S-°-c: D-∏-S No-ØpI-√n-se h-S-t°-a-Æn¬ Ip-´-∏≥ ]n-≈ (82). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b `m¿-K-hnb-Ω. a-°ƒ: k-X-ym-\μ≥, D-jm-tZ-hn, A\n¬-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: e-X, ]p-cp-tjm-Ø-a≥ (sI.-F-kv.-C.-_n), _nμp. kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se Hº-Xn-\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬.

]p-Ø-\-Øm-Wn: I-cnt∏mƒ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-√m´v am-bo≥-Ip-´n (`m-bv-˛66). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: A-\-kv, A¿-j-Zv, A-iv-d^v, jm-ln-\, iw-kn≥, l-kv-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-Uz. Fw F e-Øo-^v, knw-Pn-Øv. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hnse 10.30\v I-cn-t∏mƒ Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

I-cp-hm-c-°p-≠v: dn-´. {]-[m-\-[ym-]-I≥pw \oem-t©-cn- Im-∏m-´v {]-`mI-c≥- \m-b¿ (78). \m-S-I-\-S-\pw kw-hn-[mb-I-\pw I-em-kw-kv-Imcn-I {]-h¿-Ø-I-\p-am-bncp-∂p. `m-cy: am-e-Xn. a-°ƒ: {]Zn-e, kp-tc-jv-_m-_p, A-Pn-Xv-{]-km-Zv, cm-tPjv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: im-en-\n, {]-k-∂, do-P.

C-cn-ß-Æq¿: ]p-Ø≥-]oSn-I-bn¬ sam-bv-Xp (73). `m-cy: Ip-™n-∏m-Øp. a°ƒ: B-bn-j, k-Io-\, kp-ss_-Z, ku-Z, dn-bmkv (J-Ø¿). a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-ao-Zv, l-ao-Zv F-S-t®-cn, A-–p-√, A-tΩm-´n, P-koe. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: I-Zo-i -l-÷p-Ω, ]m-Øp-l-÷pΩ, \-_o-kp, B-bn-ip, adn-bw, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-ΩXv lm-Pn.

h-fm-t©-cn: Im-hpw-]pdw Im-fn-bm-e ]-tc-X-\mb hm-en-bn¬ A-h-dm-s‚ `m-cy J-Zo-P (72). a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ l-ao-Zv, sam-bv-Xp-´n, Ip-™n-sambv-Xo≥ (Ip-ssh-Øv), A–p¬ K-^q¿, Iu-kp-´n, k-°o-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-bn-i-°p´n, B-ky, kp-ss_-Z, kp-sse-J, Ip-™n-t∏m°¿, lw-k.

^-tdm-°v: sN-dp-h-Æq¿ kn.F-kv.sF. N¿-®n-\v kao-]w ]m-tdm-߬ sN-dn-bap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy B-an-\ (66). a-°ƒ: A–p¬ d-km-Jv, _-jo¿, \ujm-Zv (Zp-_m-bv), d-^o-Jv (dnbm-Zv), J-Zo-P, k-^n-b, kmPn-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _m-h, apl-Ω-Zv-tIm-b, tIm-b, k-eo\, km-_n-d, \-^o-k, sa-lPq-_n. k-tlm-Z-c≥: B-ent°m-b (I-t°m-Sn).

sh-´-Øq¿: h-≈n-°m-´vsXm-Sn aq-k- lm-Pn (80).`m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: -DÆo≥Ip-´n, lw-k, Aen, d-km-Jv, B-bn-i, Pao-e, d-ko-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^m-Øna,\q¿-P-lm≥, l-_o-_, J-Zo-P, ap-ÿ-^, lw-kØ-en, D-Ω¿. J-_-d-S°w C-∂p cm-hn-se H-ºXn-\v sh-´-Øq¿ a-l-√v J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

tX-™n-∏-ew: Im-en-°‰v k¿h-I-em-im-e t^mt´m-{Km-^-dpw B-ep-h kz-tZ-in-bp-am-b \-Sphn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-_vZp¬ Jm-Z-dn-s‚ a-I≥ A_v-Zp¬ A-ko-kv (50). `mcy: \-ko-a. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv A-ao≥, A-ao-\ j-dn≥. am-Xm-hv: B-bn-i _o-hn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: k-eow, j-°o-e.

A-½-Xv \m-Zm-]p-cw: t]-tcm-s´ tX-aw-I-≠n sI hn Ip™-–p-√ lm-Pn-bp-sS a-I≥ A-Ω-Xv (45). am-Xm-hv: Ip-™m-an. ktlm-Z-c-߃: l-ao-Zv, A-ko-kv, k-p-ss_¿, PAv-^¿, a-dn-bw, P-ao-e, k-^n-b.

Xn-cq¿: aq-®n-°¬ X-dΩ¬ Ip-™p-ap-l-Ω-Zv (am-ap-Æn-˛53). `m-cy: Bbn-i. a-°ƒ: ^u-kn-b, k-_v-\, jw-ko-\, jl-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-kv-X^, ^m-dq-Jv, K-±m-^n.

A-_v-Zp P-ºmÀ

]m-¯p-½-

ap-\oÀ

X-¼m³- \m-bÀ

Nm-cpw-aq-Sv (B-e-∏p-g): {]-i-kv-X in¬-∏n-bpw Nn{X-Im-c-\pw tZ-io-b A-hm¿-Uv tP-Xm-hp-am-b Np-\°-c sI B¿ cm-P≥ (56) A-¥-cn-®p. Np-\-°-c sX°v ]p-¥n-te-Øp-ho-´n¬ I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn s]-s´-∂p-≠m-b A-kp-J-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ FØn-s®-¶n-epw a-cn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p ssh-Io-´v \men-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. 1980¬ A-ta-cn-°-bnse C‚¿-\m-j-\¬ _p°v s{]m-P-Iv-‰v A-hm¿Uv, 1993¬ tI-c-f e-fn-XI-em A-°m-Z-an-bp-sS kz¿-W-sa-U¬, 1994 in¬-∏-I-e-bn¬ tZ-io-b Ahm¿-Uv, 1995¬ Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ a-lm-cm-Pm-hn¬ \n-∂p in¬-∏-I-em-\n-[n ]-´w F-∂n-h I-c-ÿ-am°n-bn-´p-≠v. Iq-Sm-sX 1996¬ Cw-•-≠n¬- \n-∂p Nn{X in¬-∏-I-e-bv-°p-≈ s^-tem-jn-∏v, 1996¬ {Kma-{io A-hm¿-Uv, 2005¬ X-®p-im-kv-{X in¬-∏-c-Xv\ A-hm¿-Uv Dƒ-s∏-sS tZ-io-b-hpw A-¥¿-tZ-iob-hp-am-b ]-tØm-fw A-hm¿-Up-Iƒ C-t±-l-Øn\v e-`n-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: X-¶-Ω. a-I≥: hn-jv-Wp. aIƒ: Xm-c. a-cp-a-I≥: cm-tI-jv.

sX-cp-hphn-f-¡v -\-¶m-¡p-¶-Xn-\n-sS tjm-t¡-äv a-cn-¨p

a-e-∏p-dw: sX-cp-hp-hn-f-°v \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS bphm-hv tjm-t°-‰p- a-cn-®p. h-‰-eq¿ ta-°p-f-ºv ]q-gn°p-∂≥ C-eym-kv _m-_p (33) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂se D®-I-gn™v aq-t∂msS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. tIm-Uq¿ ]-©m-b-Øv A-[n-Ir-X-cp-sS \n¿-tZ-i{]-Im-cw sN-fq-cn-se {Sm≥-kv-t^ma-dn-\p ap-I-fn-se tkm-Un-bw emw-]v \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS- tjmt°-‰v sX-dn-®p-ho-gpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-S-s\ a-e-∏p-dsØ Bip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. `m-cy: \-Pv-ap-∂n-k. a-Iƒ: \m-Pn-bm sj-dn≥. at©-cn P-\-d-¬ B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn\p- ti-jw C∂v ta-°p-f-ºv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬ J_dS°pw.

sN-ss¶-bn -\n-cym-X-\m-bn

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: sN-d-aw-Kew ku-Øv ]-≠-°m-hn¬ bq-k-^v (52) lr-Z-bm-LmXwaq-ew sN-ss∂-bn¬ acn-®p. tlm-´¬-hym-]m-cnbm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: a-dn-bΩp. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ Peo¬, Pw-jo¿, Pw-jo-d. acp-a-I≥: C-k-am-Cu¬ (_-l-vdbv≥).J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se sN-d-aw-K-ew Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

s{S-bn³ X-«n- a-cn-¨p

Xn-cq¿: _w-Kmƒ kz-tZ-in Xn-cq-cn¬ s{S-bn≥ X-´n-acn-®p. _w-Km-fn-se _¿-Zp-am≥ Pn-√-bn-se am-k¿-]mS \q-dp¬ em-an-s‚ a-I≥ Pn-kmw am-en-Iv (21) B-Wv C-∂-se cm-hn-se G-g-c-tbm-sS Xn-cq¿ d-bn¬-th kvt‰-j-\-Sp-Øv s{S-bn≥ X-´n -a-cn-®-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw tImgn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dnbn-te-°p am-‰n.

hm-kp

A-¿-¸³

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: s]m-ø-bn¬ Ip-dp-∏n-s‚ I-≠n-bn¬ hmkp (71). `m-cy: im-¥. aI≥: ss_-Pp. a-cp-a-Iƒ: t_-_n.

Du-c-Iw: ]p-Ø≥-]o-SnI sIm-f-Øm-bn A-ø∏≥ (58). `m-cy: eo-e. a°ƒ: tc-Wp-I, c-Xo-jv, c-Rv-Pn-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tPm-k-^v ssh-ZyÀ _m-e-tKm-]m-e≥, _nam-\-¥-hm-Sn: F-c-aw-K-e-Øv Pp, hn-Pn. tPm-k-^v ssh-Zy¿ (90).

]m-t¯m-a

Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

A-en

hn-P-b³

Nn-cp-X

kp-{_-lva-W-y³-

ap-Xp-h-√q¿: ap-≠-°¬ ]m-d-t]-ßm-´v ]-tØm-a (70). a-°ƒ: tam-\p-±o≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b ^m-Øn-a.

No-c´- m-ae - : I-cn-¶\ - m-a‰ - Øn¬ Ip-cym-t°m-kv (78). `m-cy: G-en-bm-Ω. a°ƒ: sk-en≥, Ip-™ptamƒ, Hm-a\ - , em-ep, kpa. a-cp-a° - ƒ: h¿-Ko-kv, X¶-®≥, sN-dn-bm≥, jo-P, s_-∂n sk-_m-kv‰ - y≥.

Ip-≠p¿-Ip-∂v: A-º-Ø©mw ssa¬ ]-©-fn-b≥ ho-´n¬ A-en (53). `m-cy: B-an-\. a-°ƒ: A-ao¿ Aen, A-an-dm `m-\p. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-Pv-e, dn-bm-kv. J_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 11.30\v sX-tøm-´p-Nn-d ]≈n Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

^-tdm-°v: \-√q¿ ]p-Xp°p-gn-∏m-Sw hm-∏m-bn-se X-≠m-aT-Øn¬ hn-P-b≥ (67). `m-cy: ]p-jv-]. aIƒ: hn-Pn-j. a-cp-aI≥:s]-cp-¥m-Sn kp-{_lvv-a-Wy≥ (]p-t‰-°m-Sv). k-©-b-\w i-\nbmgvN.

t]-cm-{º: ]m-te-cn-bn¬ I-°-S-bn¬ Nn-cp-X (92). a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-cm-a≥, i¶-c≥, I-Æ≥, I-eymWn, b-tim-Z, ]-tc-X-\mb Ir-jv-W≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-Wp, ]-tc-X-\m-b cmhp-Æn.

F-S-°-c: ]m-te-am-Sv kvIq-fn-\v k-ao-]w ]q-¥m-\Øv kp-{_lva-W-y≥ (55). a-°ƒ: [-\-y, Zn-h-y, c-a-y, ku-a-y. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-io{μ≥, {]-Zo-]v, ]-c-ta-i-zc≥, cm-tP-jv.

^m-¯n-a

]-\-a-cw: ssI-X-°¬ aqk lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ^mØn-a (80).

hr-²Z-¼-Xn-IÄ hnjwIgn¨v acn¨p

tIm-S-Xn-h-cm-´-bn tUm-Iv-SÀ Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: hn-Nm-c-W-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ-°m-bn tIm-S-Xnh-cm-¥b - n¬ Im-Øp-\n-∂ tlm-an-tbm tUm-IvS- ¿ Ip-g™p-ho-Wv a-cn-®p. A-bncq¿ tIm-‰m-Øq¿ s]-cp-ºtS-Øv tUm. am-Xyp tPm¨ (60) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂se cm-hn-se 10.50\v ]-Ø\w-Xn-´ H-∂mw- ¢m-kv a-Pnkv-t{S-‰v tIm-S-Xn \-º¿ c≠n-em-bn-cp-∂p kw-`h - w. tIm-S-Xn tN-cp-∂-Xn-\v 10 an-\n-‰v ap-ºm-Wv tUm-IvS¿ Ip-g-™p-ho-W-Xv. hn-h-c-a-dn-s™-Øn-b ^-b¿t^m-gv-kv C-±-l-sØ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p sIm-≠pt]m-sb-¶n-epw h-gn-at- [y a-cn-®p. `m-cy: sP-kn. a-°ƒ: c-RvP - n-\n, c-iva - n, c-ay. a-cp-a° - ƒ: \n-tPm, Pn-\p. kw-kvIm-cw ]n-∂o-Sv.

N-{µ³

B-bnip-½

A-½p-A-½

X-¼m³ -\m-bÀ

a-¶-S: sh-≈n-e B-bn-c\m-gn-∏-Sn-bn-se ]n-emtXm-´-Øn¬ N-{μ≥ (55). `m-cy: tZ-h-In. a°ƒ: _n-Pp, _n-tP-jv, _n≥-kn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jm-Pn ]q-∏-ew, in¬-∏. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®bv°v 12\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

I¬-∏I - t- ©-cn: C-cn-ßmhq¿ hm-Wn-bb - ∂ - q¿ tIm-gn∏-≈n ]-tc-X\ - m-b Ip-™e - hn lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy B-bnip-Ω (55). a-°ƒ: B-en-°p´n, _o-cm≥-Ip-´n, A-_q-_°¿, lw-k, a-dn-bm-ap, ssaaq-\. J-_d - S- ° - w C-∂p 10-\v hm-Wn-b∂ - q¿ Pp-ama-kvP - n-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: Ip-dp-hßm-Sv s]m-°-f-Øv AΩp-A-Ω (92). a-I≥: cm-aIr-jv-W≥. a-cp-a-Iƒ: hnem-kn-\n. k-tlm-Z-c߃: \m-cm-b-W≥ \mb¿, ]-tc-X-cm-b tKm-hnμ≥ \m-b¿, tKm-]m-e≥ \m-b¿, Ip-™p-Æn- \mb¿. k-©-b-\w Xn-¶ƒ.

Im-™-ßm-Sv: Pn-√m kl-I-c-W _m-¶v ap≥ U]yq-´n P-\-d¬ am-t\-P¿ am-hp-¶m-en-se F Xºm≥ -\m-b¿ (77). `m-cy: C-μn-c. a-°ƒ: A-timI≥ \-ºym¿ (Zp-_-bv), c-ta-i≥ \-ºym¿ (]-{X{]-h¿-Ø-I≥), {]-Zo-]vIp-am¿ (F¬.-sF.-kn), {]-k-∂-Ip-am-cn (t]m-ì Fw-tπm-bo-kv Hm-^nkv), {]-ko-X (sF.F-®v.B¿.Un tam-U¬ tImf-Pv, a-Sn-ss°). a-cp-a°ƒ: ip-` cm-h-tW-izcw, P-b-e-£v-an, t{]w-Ipam¿ (X-]m¬- h-Ip-∏v), A-Pn-Øv (hn-tZ-iw). ktlm-Z-c-߃: Ir-jvW≥- \m-b¿, \m-cm-bW≥ -\m-b¿, tKm-]n-\mY≥ -\m-b¿, `m-kv-I-c≥ \m-b¿.

k-lm-b-¯n-\v Im-¯p-\nÂ-¡m-sX A-½-bpw a-I-\pw In-W-än a-F-Sc-°n-m-¨Sv: A-\n-c-bev-°-b n I-_oÀ bm-{X-bm-bn pXm-sg X-f¿-∂ a- XpS¿∂p \-S-Øn-b A-t\z-j-W-Øn-

Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: P-∑-\m ssh-I-ey-hpw tcm-K-hpw _m-[n-®v 28 h¿-jw In-S-∏nem-bn-cp-∂ ap-l-Ω-Zv I_o¿ ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bp-sS klm-b-Øn-\v Im-Øp-\n¬°m-sX bm-{X-bm-bn. ao-∏p-Kn-cn-bn-se ]-tc-X\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zv˛\-^o-kØp-_n-hn Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ I-_o¿ ap-l-Ω-ZmWv a-cn-®-Xv. I-_o-dn-s‚ Nn-In¬-kbv-°m-bn ap-Jya-{¥n-°p \n-th-Z-\w \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p. F-∂m¬ CXp-h-sc ]-Ww e-`y-am-bn-cp-∂n-√.

I-s\-sb-Sp-Øv A-Ω In-W-‰n¬ Nm-Sn a-cn-®p. \-Sm¬ H.sI.bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]-sØ I-f-Øn¬ lu-kn¬ KoX(38)-bm-Wv a-I≥ hn-jv-Wp-{]-km-Zns\(12)bp-sa-Sp-Øv In-W-‰n¬ Nm-Sn Bfl-l-Xy sN-bv-X-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io´v 3.30Hm-sS-bm-Wp kw-`-hw. tXm-´-S-bn-se B-{i-b kv-s]-jy¬ kv-Iq-fn-se hn-Zym¿-Yn-bm-Wv hn-jv-Wp. A-c-bv-°p Xm-sg X-f¿-∂-Xp Im-c-Ww h¿-j-ß-fm-bn Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp∂p. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v Dd-ßnb tijamWv Ccp-h-scbpw ImWm-Xm-b-Xv.

¬ In-W-‰n¬ arX-tZlw Is≠-Øp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kw-`-h-k-a-bw Ko-X-bp-sS am-Xm-hv am-{X-am-Wv ho-´n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. apØp-Ir-jv-W-\m-Wv Ko-X-bp-sS `¿-Ømhv. F-kv.F-kv.F-¬.kn. hn-Zym¿-Yn-\nbm-b N-μ-\- G-I-a-I-fm-Wv. I-Æq-cn¬ \n-∂p ^-b¿-t^m-gv-sk-Øn-bm-Wv arX-tZ-lw ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. ar-X-tZ-l߃ I-Æq¿ Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿®-dn-bn¬ kq-£n-®n-´p-≠v. t]m-kv-‰ptam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw C-∂p kw-kv-I-cn°pw.

_m-e³ a-´-∂q¿: ]-g-»n C-f-ºbn¬ lu-kn¬ B-e-°≠n _m-e≥ (87). `m-cy: Pm-\-In.

hml-\m-]-ISw; A-½-bpw Ip-ªpw DÄ-s¸sS aq¶p-a-cWw ]p-Øq¿: jn-dm-Un L-´-Øn¬ Im-dn¬ Sm-¶¿tem-dnbn-Sn-®v Ip-Spw-_-Øn-se aq-∂pt]¿ a-cn-®p. 10 t]¿°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. Zm-h¨-K-sc-bn-se Xn-s∏ kzm-an (30), tiz-X (26), c-≠-ch-b- p-≈ a-I≥ K-tW-jv F-∂nh-cm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. tiz-X-bp-sS `¿-Øm-hv a-©p-\m-Yv ]-cn-t°¬-°m-sX c-£-s∏-´p. H-º-Xv ap-Xn¿-∂-h-cpw F-´v Ip-´n-I-fp-am-Wv Im-dnep-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. ]-cn-t°-‰-h-sc ]p-Øq¿ B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. [¿-a-ÿ-e, kp-{_-“-Wy t£-{X-ß-fn¬ Z¿-i-\w I-gn-™v a-S-ßp-tºm-gmbncp∂p A]-I-Sw.

\yq-tam-Wn-b _m-[n-¨v A-[ym-]n-I a-cn-¨p s\-∑m-d (]me-°m-Sv): a-°-fn-√m-Ø-Xpw hm¿-[-IyIm-e tcm-K-hpwaqew hn-j-a-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂ hr-≤-Zº-Xn-Iƒ hn-jw-I-gn-®v a-cn-®p. ta-em¿-tIm-Sv ]-©mb-Øv Nn-‰n-e-t©-cn Xp-Sn-t°m-Sv ho-´n¬ A-∏p (80), `m-cy X-Ø (70) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Hº-Xv h¿-j-am-bn Xp-Sn-t°m-s´ k-tlm-Zc-s‚ ho-Sn-\v k-ao-]-ap-≈ ho-´n-embn-cp∂p XØbpw `¿Ømhpw Xm-a-kn-®ph∂-Xv. \m-ep-h¿-jw apºv, ho-Wv Im-en-\p ]-cn-t°-‰ A-∏p- I-ºn-bn-´-ti-jw hSn-]n-Sn-®m-Wv \-S-°p-∂-Xv. Imen\v I-Sp-Ø th-Z-\-b\p-`-hn-®n-cp-∂ C-t±-l-w ho-´n-¬X-s∂ I-gn-bp-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. a-°-fn-√m-Ø hn-j-ahpw C-h-sc A-e-´n-bncp-∂p. k-tlm-Z-c-s‚ Ip-Spw-_-am-Wv C-h-sc kw-c£n-®n-cp-∂-Xv.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: B-Zn-hm-kn a-[y-h-b-kv-Is\ ho-´n-¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. kp¬Øm≥ _-tØ-cn th-ßq¿ ]-Wn-b-tIm-f-\n-bn-se Nncp-≈n(50)sb-bm-Wv P-\¬I-ºn-bn¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I≠-Xv. Xn-¶-fm-gv-N cm-{Xn A-an-X-am-bn a-Zy-]n-®m-Wv Nocp-≈n ho-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. C-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v `m-cy AΩn-Wn-bpw a-I≥ Zn-t\-i-\pw A-b¬-ho-´n-em-Wv Xma-kn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. Ch¿ C-∂-se cm-hn-se ho-´n-se-Ønb-t∏m-gm-Wv kw`-h-a-dn-™Xv. kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØcn t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-��v \-S-Øn.

D-∏-f: \yq-tam-Wn-b _m[n-®v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bncp-∂ Iw-]yq-´¿ A-[ym]n-I- a-cn-®p. s]¿-hm-Un F.F¬.]n. kv-Iqƒ A[ym-]n-I _m-bm¿ s_≈q¿ ho-´n-se _n \n-cp]-a(24)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. H-cm-gv-N- ap-ºv tcmKw _m-[n-® Ch¿ aw-K-em]p-cw B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. ]n-Xm-hv: k-Xy-\m-cm-b-W_-≈mƒ. am-Xm-hv: hn-P-b-e-£v-an. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-\p-]-a, {]-Xn-a.

F³-tUm-kÄ-^m³; hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p

Im-™-ßm-Sv: sIm-Δ¬-]-≈n a-t\ym-s´ F≥-tUmkƒ-^m≥ Zp-cn-X_m-[n-X-\m-b hn-Zym¿-Yn- acn-®p. at\ym-s´ A-º-ßm-Sv tam-l-\≥-˛-c-a-Wn Z-º-Xn-I-fpsS a-I≥ A-a-em(14)Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Im-™-ßm-Sv kuØv shm-t°-j-\¬ l-b¿-sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iqƒ hnZym¿-Yn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. i-co-cw X-f¿-∂v N-e-\-ti-jn \-„-s∏-´ A-a-ens\ A-[ym-]-I¿ ho-´n-se-Øn-bm-Wv ]Tn-∏n-®n-cp-∂Xv. F≥-tUm-kƒ-^m≥ Zp-cn-X_m-[n-X-cp-sS ]-´n-Ibn¬ Dƒ-s∏-´n-cp∂p. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: a-Rv-Pp-j, ARv-Pp-j.

BÀ N-{µ-ti-J-c³ sF.FÂ.H. `-c-W-k-an-Xn-bn-Â

A-an-X-]-en-i: B-dp-t]À-Iq-Sn A-d-ÌnÂ

]mÂ- skm-ssk-än-bn-se s]m-«n-s¯-dn: sS-Iv-\o-jy³ a-cn-¨p

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sF-Iy-cm-{„k-`-°p Io-gn-se C‚¿-\m-j\¬ te-_¿ Hm¿-K-ss\-tkjs‚ -(sF.F¬.-H.) `-c-W-k-anXn-bn-te-°v sF.F-≥.Sn.bp.-kn kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚pw A-Jnte-¥ym ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚p-amb B¿ N-{μ-ti-J-c≥ Xn-c-s™Sp-°-s∏-´p. 185 Aw-K-cm-Py {]-Xn\n-[n-I-fn¬-\n-∂v A-Sp-Ø aq-∂ph¿-j-tØ-°p-≈ 56 Aw-K- `-cW-k-an-Xn-sb B-Wv P-\o-hbn¬ tN¿-∂ 103m-a-Xv sF.F¬.H. Iu¨-kn¬ tbmKw Xn-c-s™-Sp-Ø-Xv. 56 Aw-K- `-c-W-k-an-Xn-bn¬ 28 t]¿ Aw-K-cm-Py k¿-°m¿ {]Xn-\n-[n-I-fpw 14 t]¿ sXm-gn-ep-Sam {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fpw 14 t]¿ sXmgn-em-fn {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fp-am-Wv.

Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw: A-an-X] - e - n-ibv-°v ISw sIm-Sp-Øv \n-b-a-ewL-\w \-S-Øp-∂-h¿-s°-Xn-tcbp-≈ \-S-]-Sn-I-fp-sS `m-K-am-bn sNm-Δm-gv-N 181 sd-bv-Up-Iƒ \-SØn-b-Xm-bn kw-ÿm-\ -t]m-enkv ta-[m-hn A-dn-bn-®p. B-dpt]¿ ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. 16 tI-kp-Iƒ c-Pn-ÿ sN-bv-Xp. A-\-[n-Ir-Xam-bn kq-£n-® \n-ch - [ - n tc-JI - fpw 2,32,000¬-∏-cw cq-]-bpw Is≠-Sp-Øn-´p-≠v. C-tXm-sS C-Xp-hs - c-bm-bn \S-∂ 8580-te-sd sd-bv-Up-I-fn-embn 680- t]¿ ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. 1213 tI-kp-Iƒ c-Pn-ÿ sN-bv-Xp. 3,98,00,000¬-∏-cw cq-]-bpw Is≠-Sp-Øp. h-cpw-Zn-h-k-ß-fnepw ]-cn-tim-[-\ Xp-S-cp-sa-∂v t]m-en-kv ta-[m-hn A-dn-bn-®p.

]-ø-∂q¿: sh-≈q-cn-se P-\-Xm ]m¬ skm-ssk-‰n-bp-sS kw-kvI-c-W tI-{μ-Øn-ep-≠m-b s]m´n-sØ-dn-bn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰ sS-Iv\o-jy≥ a-cn-®p. tIm-´-bw ap-≠°-bw ]p-©-h-b-en-se Np-≠-bv°¬ hn-iz-\m-Y-s‚ a-I≥ ]-flIpam¿ (48) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn™-am-kw c-≠n-\m-Wv tImƒUv kv-t‰m-td-Pn-te-°p-≈ Iw-{]k¿ kn-en-≠-¿ s]m-´n-sØ-dn-®v A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-b-Xv. A-]-I-SØn¬ c-≠p-t]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰ncp-∂p. F-d-Wm-Ip-f-sØ sk¬am¿-´v F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mn-se sSIv-\o-jy-\m-b ]-fl-Ip-am¿ Iw{]-k¿ \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bmWv A-]-I-S-ap≠m-b-Xv. ]-fl-Ipam-dn-s\-bpw ]m¬ skm-ssk-‰n-

sXm-gn-em-fn {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fm-bn B-sI-bp-≈ 14 t]-cn¬ H-cm-fmbm-Wv N-{μ-ti-J-c≥ Xn-c-s™Sp-°-s∏-´-Xv. Pq¨ 12\v tN-cp-∂ Xn-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´ K-th-Wn-Mv t_m-Un-bp-sS {]-Y-a-tbm-K-Øn\p-ti-jw 13\v C-t±-lw C-¥ybn¬ Xn-cn-s®-Øpw.

A-\-[n-Ir-X a-Wn-sN-bn³ Øm-]-\-§Ä-s¡-Xn-tc-bpw IÀ-i-\ \-S-]-Sn: sN-¶n-¯-e Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Hm-]-tdj≥ Ip-t_-c-bp-sS `m-K-am-bn kw-ÿm-\-Øv A-\-[n-Ir-Xam-bn {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂ a-WnsN-bn≥ ÿm-]-\-߃-s°Xn-tc-bpw I¿-i-\\-S-]-Sn-sbSp-°p-sa-∂v B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n cta-iv sN-∂n-Ø-e. \n-b-a-hn-cp≤- a-Wn-sN-bn≥ ÿm-]-\-ßfp-sS {]-h¿-Ø-\-߃ \n-tcm[n-°p-sa-∂pw At±lw hm-¿Øm-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ hy-‡am-°n. Hm-]-td-j≥ Ip-t_-c-bn¬

8,375 sd-bv-Up-I-fn-eq-sS 4.56 tIm-Sn cq-] ]n-Sn-s®-Sp-Øp. CXn\p ]p-d-ta kz¿-W-hpw hn-tZi- I-d≥-kn-I-fpw hm-l-\-ßfpw hym-]-I-am-bn ]n-Sn-s®-SpØn-´p-≠v. 1,180 tI-kp-I-fm-Wv c-Pn-ÿ sN-bv-X-Xv. 670 t]-¿ A-d-Ãn-em-b-Xm-bpw sN-∂nØ-e A-dn-bn-®p. A-an-X-]-en-i Cu-Sm-°n P\-ß-sf _p-≤n-ap-´n-°p-∂ sIm-≈-∏-en-i-°m¿-s°-Xn-cmb Hm-]-td-j≥ Ip-t_-c i-‡am-bn Xp-S-cpw. Hm-]-td-j≥ Ip-

t_-c A-h-km-\n-∏n-°p-∂psh-∂ X-c-Øn-ep-≈ hm¿-ØIƒ A-Sn-ÿm-\- c-ln-X-am-Wv. Pn-√mX-e-Øn¬ t]m-en-kv kq{]-≠n-s‚-bpw t\m-U¬ Hm-^nk-dp-sS-bpw t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ ]cm-Xn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ A-Zm-e-Øp-Iƒ Cu- amkw ]q¿-Øn-bm-°pw. hm-l-\ß-fp-sS B¿.kn _p-°v CuSm-bn \¬-In ]-Ww X-´p-∂-h¿s°-Xn-cm-b \-S-]-Sn i-‡-am°p-sa-∂pw B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n ap∂-dn-bn∏p \¬In.

bn-se kq-∏¿-ssh-k¿ k-Xys\-bpw ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-thin-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. ]-fl-Ip-am-dn-s‚ ]n-∂o-Sv F-d-Wm-Ip-fw sa-Un°¬ sk‚-dn-te-°p am-‰n-bn-cp∂p. Chn-sS-h®v C-∂-se ]p-e¿s®-bm-Wv a-cWw.


8

kozhikode P/W

thÀ-]mSv

KANNUR

4 Pq¨ 2014 _p[≥

inÂ-¸n- sI BÀ cm-P³ A-´-cn-¨p

X-¼m³ -\m-bÀ

A-_v-Zp P-ºmÀ

^m-¯n-a

Im-™-ßm-Sv: Pn-√m kl-I-c-W _m-¶v ap≥ U]yq-´n P-\-d¬ am-t\-P¿ am-hp-¶m-en-se F Xºm≥ -\m-b¿ (77). `m-cy: C-μn-c. a-°ƒ: A-timI≥ \-ºym¿ (Zp-_-bv), c-ta-i≥ \-ºym¿ (]-{X{]-h¿-Ø-I≥), {]-Zo-]vIp-am¿ (F¬.-sF.-kn), {]-k-∂-Ip-am-cn (t]m-ì Fw-tπm-bo-kv Hm-^nkv), {]-ko-X (sF.F-®v.B¿.Un tam-U¬ tImf-Pv, a-Sn-ss°). a-cp-a°ƒ: ip-` cm-h-tW-izcw, P-b-e-£v-an, t{]w-Ipam¿ (X-]m¬- h-Ip-∏v), A-Pn-Øv (hn-tZ-iw). ktlm-Z-c-߃: Ir-jvW≥- \m-b¿, \m-cm-bW≥ -\m-b¿, tKm-]n-\mY≥ -\m-b¿, `m-kv-I-c≥ \m-b¿.

B-\-°-c: sh-≈m-fq¿ tIm-d-Øv A-_v-Zp¬ P∫m¿ (80). -`m-cy: B-an\.- a-°ƒ: kn-±o-Jv, _jo¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, K^q¿, dp-Jn-b.- a-cp-a°ƒ: ju-°-Øv, B-bni,- _¬-°o-kv, ^m-ØnΩ,- ap-lv-kn-\.

]-\-a-cw: ssI-X-°¬ aqk lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ^m-Øn-a (80). a-°ƒ: am-an, a-Ωq-´n, A-eo-a, ssk-\-_, A-–p-√. a-cpa-°ƒ: Ak-bv\m¿, aqk, lw-k, B-bn-i, jao-\.

B-bn-i D-½ sIm-bn-em-≠n: sh-‰n-e∏m-d ]-tc-X-\m-b In-gs° h-f-∏n¬ a-c-°m¿Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy B-bni -D-Ω (88).

X-¼m³- \m-bÀ cm-P-]p-cw: h-Æm-Øn°m-\-sØ A-Sn-tbm-Sn X-ºm≥ \m-b¿ (65). Im≥-k¿ -_m-[-sb XpS¿-∂v Nn-In¬-k-bn-embn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: I-cn-t®cn `m¿-K-hn-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: a-Wn-I-WvT≥, sI a-\ojv-Ip-am¿ (Kƒ-^v), ktlm-Z-c-߃: X-ºm-bn, I-a-em-£n.

tjÀ-fn I-´n-∏m-d: X-d-Ω¬- tj¿fn- (72)-.- tIm-gn-t°m-SvtIm-´q-fn-bn¬- \n-∂v- kao-]-Im-e-Øm-Wv- I-´n∏m-d-bn-te-°v- C-h¿- Xma-kw- am-dn-b-Xv.- a-Iƒ: tam-fn- ssk-a¨.-

{]-Zo-]vIp-amÀ

I-Xn-cq¿: sI-¬-t{SmWn-se dn-´. D-tZym-Kÿ-≥ Np-≠-ßm-s∏mbn¬ K-h. l-b¿ sk°≥-U-dn kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]w -P-b-{]-`-bn¬ {]-Zo-]vIp-am¿ aw-K-em-´v (59). ]n-Xm-hv: aw-K-em-´v cm-L-h≥ (am-Xr-`q-an am-Xp I-Æq¿ Pn-√m ap≥ _yq]q-f-°q¬: ]-tc-X-\m-b tdm No-^v). am-Xm-hv: ]A-Øn-t°m-S≥-I-≠n tc-X-bm-b im-¥. `msN-t°m-´n-bp-sS `m-cy cy: P-b-{]-`. a-°ƒ: apam-Xp (85). a-I≥: cm-P≥. ‡, tX-Pv (C-cp-h-cpw a-cp-a-Iƒ: tim-`. ktkm-^v-‰v-sh-b¿ F≥tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X-\m- Pn-\o-b¿, _mw-•q¿), b Ip-am-c≥, I-Wm-c≥, Ko-Xv (s]-t{Smƒ sI-antI-f-∏≥, \m-cm-b-Wn, °¬-kv, _mw-•q¿). aPm-\p. cp-a-I≥: \n-Jn-¬ ]tøm-fn (tkm-^v-‰v-shth-em-bp-[³b¿ F≥-Pn-\o-b¿, I¬-∏-I-t©-cn: I-Sp_mw-•q¿). k-tlm-Z-cßm-Øp-Ip-≠v ]m-d-°m- ߃: Zn-eo-]v-Ip-am¿ S≥ th-em-bp-[≥ (A-∏p- (Kƒ-^v ), cm-Po-hv Ip-´≥˛73). `m-cy: tZ-h(tlm-´¬ eo-em ]m-ebm-\n. a-°ƒ: tZ-h-Zm-kv kv, apw-ss_) {io-e-X. (ku-Zn), kv-an-X, i-in-I- kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cme, {io-I-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-se 10\v X-e-t»-cn h-\-P, N-{μ≥ cm-a-\m-´p- tI-tWm¿-h-b-en-se I-c, A-®p-X≥ I-tc-°m- e-Xm \n-tI-X≥- ho-´pSv, cm-P≥ X-m-\q¿. h-f-∏n¬.

ap-\oÀ

B-bn-i l-Öp-½

_m-e³

tPm-k-^v ssh-ZyÀ

B-\-°-c: Ip-a-c-\-√q¿ sIm-Sn-°mw-Ip-∂v I-gpßn¬ Ip-™p-´n-bp-sS aI≥ ap-\o¿ (24).- am-Xmhv: ^m-Øn-a. `m-cy: Akv-a.- k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap\o-d,- kp-sse-J.

kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: ap-´n¬ ]-cn-bm-c-sØ ]tc-X-\m-b s\-øn¬ aΩn-bp-sS `m-cy sIm-f-∏‰ B-bn-i l-÷p-Ω (75). a-°ƒ: Ip-™-Ω-Zv, _-jo¿, a-dn-bw, jm-Plm≥, kp-ss_-Z, ]-tcX-\m-b A-–p-¿d-lvam≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-ky, \-ko-a, k-Pv-\, A-_q_-°¿ s\-√n-b-ºw, ]tc-X-\m-b tIm-c≥-Ip∂≥ sam-bv-Xp.

a-´-∂q¿: ]-g-»n C-f-ºbn¬ lu-kn¬ B-e°-≠n _m-e≥ (87). `mcy: Pm-\-In. a-°ƒ: kptem-N-\, km-hn-{Xn, kptc-{μ≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tKmhn-μ≥, Zm-ap. k-tlm-Z-c߃: B-e-°-≠n cmL-h≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b Be-°-≠n tZ-h-In.

am-\-¥-hm-Sn: F-c-aw-Ke-Øv tPm-k-^v sshZy¿ (90). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10-\v tXm-Wn-®m¬ sk‚ v sk-_m-kv-‰y≥ N¿®n¬. a-°ƒ: tUm. tPm¨, tPm-kv, tXm-akv, B-\o-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]n sP Im-X-dn≥ So-®¿, sk-en≥ tPm-kv.

A-\nÂIp-amÀ am-ln: Nm-e-°-c {io-\mcm-b-W aT-Øn-\p k-ao]w Ip-t´‚-hn-S A\n¬Ip-am¿ F-∂ P\m¿-±-\≥ (47). ]-tc-Xcm-b c-m-a≥-˛-eo-e Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-I-\m-Wv. ktlm-Z-c-߃: N-{μ≥ (]p-Xp-t®-cn kw-ÿm-\ k-l-I-c-W _m-¶v amt\-P¿), {]-`m-I-c≥ (amln B-ip-]-{Xn), kn‘p (Ir-jn- h-Ip-∏v, ]pXp-t®-cn).

tZ-h-In ap-°w: a-Wm-t»-cn sXm´n-°m-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tIm-cp-hn-s‚ `m-cy tZ-hIn (84). a-°ƒ: ap-Ip-μ≥, tNmbn-°p-´n, im-¥.

km-hn-{Xn A-tØm-fn: sIm-ß∂q¿ In-gp-∏w-sXm-Sn {io]-Zw {io-\n-h-m-k-s‚ `mcy km-hn-{Xn (57). a°ƒ: {io-tam-fn, {io-jva, {io-te-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-Xy≥, l-cn-Zm-k≥.

N-{µ-ti-J-c³ h-S-I-c: Io-g¬ ]-Sn™m-d-Ø-d N-{μ-ti-Jc≥ (66). `m-cy: kp-Pm-X. a-°ƒ: kp-tP-{μ-tLm-jv, kp-Pne-`m-bv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-ivan, cm-tP-jv.

X-¦-½ Iq-S-c-™n: ]q-hm-d≥tXm-Sv \-cn-b-t©-cnbn¬ X-¶-Ω (83). a°ƒ: \-μ-\≥ (t]m-kv-‰vam≥, ]q-hm-d≥-tXm-Sv), {]-Im-in-\n, ]-tc-X-cm-b I-\-I, kp-[. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _n-μp, N-{μ-ti-J-c≥.

Ip-am-c³ h-S-I-c: \m-Zm-]p-cw Bthm-e-sØ ]q-t¥m-≈Xn¬ Ip-am-c≥ (75). `mcy: tZ-hn. a-°ƒ: C-μn-c, A-\n-X, A-Pn-e, A-P-b≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: l-co-{μ≥,t{]wem¬, A-\n¬-Ip-am¿, kp-\n-X.

tI-f-¸³ sIm-bn-em-≠n: sh-≈d-°m-Sv sX-cp-hn-se ]me-bm-S≥-I-≠n tI-f-∏≥ (92). `m-cy: \m-cm-b-Wn. a-°ƒ: Zm-tam-Z-c≥, N{μ≥, im-¥, Pm-\p. c-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tZ-hn, kn‘p, _m-e≥, tKm-]me≥. k-©-b-\w RmbdmgvN.

I-®³

A-l-½-ZvIp-ªn

kv-I-dn-b

A-h-dm³ lm-Pn

I-Wm-c³

C-cn-´n: h-´m-tXm-s´ aTØn-∏-d-ºn¬ Nm-t°mbp-sS `m-cy F¬-k-Ω (42). a-°ƒ: a-Rv-Pp, Nn©p, sa¬-_n≥.

tN-te-cn: sIm-bv-tecy≥ I-Æ≥ (75). `m-cy: ]m-©p. a-°ƒ: _n-μp, ]-hn-{X≥, ssj-a, k-PnØv, k-Pn-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-b≥, A-tP-jv.

I-Æq¿-kn-‰n: \m-ep-hb¬ ]m-d-°-≠n A-lΩ-Zv-Ip-™n (78). `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b B-e°m-´v P-ao-e-. a-°ƒ: B-jn-Jv, j-°o¬ (Ccp-h-cpw Zp-_-bv), d-l\, tdm-kn-\, tc-jv-a. acp-a-°ƒ: A-_q-_°¿, d-jo-Zv, lp-abq¨ I-_o¿.

B-e-t°m-Sv: B-Zy-Ime Ip-Sn-tb-‰ I¿-j-I≥ D-Z-b-Kn-cn Xm-h-f-sØ Ip-‰n-bm-\n-°¬ kv-I-dnb (91). `m-cy: t{X-kymΩ. a-°ƒ: tXm-a-kv, tPm¿-Pv, tPm-Wn, _nPp, G-en-°p-´n, ta-cn, sX-øm-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tagv-kn, en-kn, sP-bv-kn, tXm-a-kv, am-Xyp, ]-tc-X\m-b tZ-h-kym-h≥.

\-cn-°p-\n: ]m-d-∂q¿ Nm-en¬ A-h-dm≥ lmPn(80). `m-cy: B-an-\. a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv _-jo¿, A-_q-_-°¿, ^m-Øn-am _o-hn, ku-Z, kp-l-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-Ω-Zv, A-iv-d^v, A-iv-d-^v I-co-‰n-]-dºv, ko-\, P-ao-e. ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv (dn-´. A-[ym-]I≥ am-hq¿ F.bp.]n.Fkv), aq-k-t°m-b (dn-´. em‚ v U-h-e-]v-sa‚ v _m-¶v), J-Zo-P, ]-tc-Xcm-b B-bn-j-°p-´n, Ban-\-°p-´n.

Xn-t°m-Sn: Zo¿-L-Im-ew \-¥n sd-bn¬-sh tK-‰v-am\m-bn-cp-∂ A-°w-ho´n¬ I-Wm-c≥ (93). `mcy: \m-cm-b-Wn. a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-Ir-jv-W≥ (dn-´. k-tX¨ sd-bn¬-sh), aWn (tdm-b¬ ss{U-hn-Mv kv-Iqƒ), I-a-e, N-{μn-I, \n¿-a-e (A-¶-W-hm-Sn h¿-°¿ ]m-eq¿), km-hn{Xn, h-\-P, ]-tc-X-\m-b c-ho-{μ≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cho-{μ≥, kp-[m-I-c≥, kp-μ-c≥, tim-`-\, c-a, kp-tem-N-\, ]-tc-X-cm-b am-[-h≥, _-m-e≥. ktlm-Z-c-߃: \m-cm-bW≥ (dn-´. sd-bn¬-th), B-≠n (dn-´. sd-bn¬sh), s]-Æq-´n, ]-tc-Xbm-b Xn-cp-hm¬.

km-an-¡p-«n A-tØm-fn: ]q-t°m-Sv tIm-f-t©-cn ao-ج km-an-°p-´n (67). `m-cy: hn-em-kn-\n. a-°ƒ: kXo-jv (kn.B¿.]n.F^v), Pn-tX-jv (Zp-_-bv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssj-\, _nμp.

\m-cm-b-Wn t]-cm-{º: sN-dp-h-Æq¿ B-h-f Ip-t´m-sØ I-cnßm-‰n-°-≠n I-Sp-tßms‚ a-Iƒ \m-cm-b-Wn (58). am-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-bmb I-eym-Wn. k-tlm-Z-c߃: A-Ωm-fp, _m-eIr-jv-W≥, N-{μ≥.

Ip-ªn-cm-a³ ]-tøm-fn: ]-≈n-°-c s]m-∂m-cn Ip-™n-cm-a≥ (72). `m-cy: Pm-\p. a°ƒ: a-t\m-Pv, Kn-co-jvIp-am¿, \n-j.

A-l-½-Zv- lm-PnXn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: F.B¿ \K¿ sIm-f-∏p-dw X-dn Al-Ω-Zv lm-Pn (77). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a-°p-´n l-÷pΩ. a-°ƒ: A-_q-_°¿, J-Zo-P, P-ao-e, ssk-\-_, kp-lv-d. a-cpa-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv Im-S-∏Sn, kp-ss_¿ kn-±o-Jm_m-Zv, lp-ssk≥ ssh°-Øp-]m-Sw, kp-ss_-Z.

B-bn-i -l-Öp-½cm-a-]p-cw: ]p-g-°m-´n-cnbn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b I-eI-∏m-d A-_p-lm-Pn-bpsS `m-cy ]-≈n-bm¬-sXmSn B-bn-i- l-÷p-Ω (70). a-°ƒ: ssk-Xm-en-°p-´n, A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv (C-cp-hcpw Pn-±), \-_o-k. a-cp-a°ƒ: a-\m-^v Ip-gn-°m-´n ]p-g-°m-´n-cn, dw-e, l_o-_.

N-{µn Ip-‰ym-Sn: a-cp-tXm-¶-cbn-se h-Æm-Øn-®n-d tXm-´p-tIm-hp-Ω¬ Ipv™n-°-Æ-s‚ `m-cy N{μn (56). a-°ƒ: dn-\o-jv, do-\ (ssa-t{Im _-tbm-f-Pnkv-‰v t_-_n ta-tΩm-dnb¬ B-ip-]-{Xn, tImgn-t°m-Sv), do-P. a-cp-a°ƒ: hn-\n-j, Zo-]p, en-\o-jv- _m-_p. ]-nXm-hv: a-Ø-Øv I-Wmc≥. am-Xm-hv: am-Xp. ktlm-Z-c-߃: tam-l\≥, a-Ø-Øv _m-_p, C-μn-c, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-tim-I≥.

A-Ðp-Àd-lvam³ ]q-\q¿: sh-´nH-gn™tXm-´w tN-‰q¿-I-≠n A-–p-¿d-lvam≥ (58). `mcy-am¿: \-^o-k h-S-°pap-dn, \-^o-k Ip-∂pΩ¬. a-°ƒ: kp-ss_¿. k¬-a, jw-e, j-do-\, jco-^, km-Pn-X, k-ao-d, . a-cp-a-°ƒ: k¬-a, ap-ÿ^, Pm-^¿, A-–p¬ K^q¿, , i-do-^v, ap-l-Ω-Zv, _m-Zp-j. k-tlm-Z-c߃: A-–p¬ A-ko-kv ( kn-sI kv-t‰m¿ ]q\q¿), A-–p¬-d-km-Jv apkveym¿, l-°ow, ( Zp_bv), A≥-h¿ k-Jm^n, A-–p¬ P-eo¬.

tZ-h-In A-½s]m-∂m-\n: ]-tc-X-\m-b Im-hp-߬ A-Nyp-X≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy I-]ym-cØv ]-d-b-cn-°¬ tZ-h-In A-Ω (89). a-°ƒ: cp-KvanWn A-Ω, kzm-an-\m-Y≥ (sI.-U-ªyp.-F tIm¨{Sm-Œ¿), \m-cm-b-W≥-Ip´n, cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥. a-cpa-°ƒ: cm-a-Ir-jv-W≥ (dn-´. U-]yq-´n X-l-kn¬Zm¿), ]p-jv-]-e-X, tim-`\ ({_m-©v t]m-kv-‰v amkv-‰¿, A-bn-e-°m-Sv), j¿-an-f.

\-^o-ktIm-Uq¿: H-‰-Ø-d- {kmºn-°¬ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´nbp-sS `m-cy ]p-fm-bm-´pIp-fw hn-√≥ \-^o-k (62). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´n, ap-kv-X-^, \p-ssk_, in-lm-_p-±o≥, \ko-d.

tIm-S-Xn-h-cm-´-bn tUm-Iv-SÀ Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: hn-Nm-c-W-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ-°m-bn tIm-S-Xnh-cm-¥-bn¬ Im-Øp-\n-∂ tlm-an-tbm tUm-Iv-S¿ Ipg-™p-ho-Wv a-cn-®p. A-bncq¿ tIm-‰m-Øq¿ s]-cp-ºtS-Øv tUm. am-Xyp tPm¨ (60) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se 10.50\v ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´ H∂mw- ¢m-kv a-Pn-kv-t{S-‰v tIm-S-Xn \-º¿ c-≠n-embn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. tIm-S-Xn tN-cp-∂-Xn-\v 10 an-\n-‰v ap-ºm-Wv tUm-Iv-S¿ Ip-g-™p-ho-W-Xv. hn-hc-a-dn-s™-Øn-b ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv C-±-l-sØ B-ip]-{Xn-bn-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]m-sb-¶n-epw h-gn-a-t[y acn-®p. `m-cy: sP-kn. a-°ƒ: c-Rv-Pn-\n, c-iv-an, c-ay. acp-a-°ƒ: \n-tPm, Pn-\p. kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv.

Xn-cp-h-Æq¿: I-ºn-´-h-f∏n¬ ssX-tXm-´-Øn¬ sam-bv-Xp-hn-s‚ `m-cy Sn B-an-\ (70). a-°ƒ: k^n-b, k-d-^p-∂n-k, ]tc-X-\m-b am-ap-t°m-b.

Ip-Spw-_-{io sk-{I-«-dn Xq-§na-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

sh-≈-cn-°p-≠v: Ip-´n-I-sf kv-Iq-fn¬ hn-´ti-jw Xn-cn-s®-Øn-b Ip-Spw-_-{io sk-{I-´-dn-sb ho-´n-\-IØv Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. F.sI.Pn. \K-dn-se tKm-]-Ip-am-dn-s‚ `m-cy s]-cn-b-ßm-\w Ip-dpt©-cn h-f-hn¬ kz-tZ-in-\n k-Pn-\-sb(27) bm-Wv C∂-se cm-hn-se In-S-∏p-ap-dn-bn¬ Xq-ßna-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-≠-Xv. cm-hn-se c-≠v a-°-sf kv-Iq-fn¬ hn-´ ti-jw ho-´n¬ Xn-cn-s®-Øn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p k-Pn-\. XpS¿∂mWv kw`-hw. In-\m-\q¿-˛-I-cn-¥-fw ]-©m-b-Øn-se HºXmw hm¿-Uv Ip-Spw-_-{io sk-{I-´-dn-bm-bncp∂p. ]n-Xmhv: ]-tc-X-\m-b A-ºp. am-Xm-hv: X-¶-a-Wn-b. a-°ƒ: Ir-jv-W-Ip-am¿, \-μ-Ip-am¿. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: k-\q]v, ku-`m-Ky.

D-cp-h-®m¬: ku-Zn-bn¬ hm-l-\m-]-I-S-Øn¬ a-cn-® Im-™n-te-cn kz-tZ-in _-jo-dn-s‚ a-øn-Øv \m-´nse-Øn-®v J-_-d-S-°n. ho´n-se-Øn® tijw Im™n-te-cn kn-dm-Pp¬ C-kv -emw a-Zv-d-k-bn¬ s]mXpZ¿-i-\-Øn-\p h-®p. \q-dp I-W-°n-\m-fp-I-fm-Wv B-Z-cm-Rv-P-en A¿-∏n-°m-s\-Øn-b-Xv. \-^o-k l-Öp-½ G-{]n¬ 29\v sU-en-h-dn km-[-\-hp-am-bn _-jo¿ ]p-d-Øq¿: ]-tc-X-\m-b ]p- t]m-b Im-dn¬ F-Xn-tc h-∂ A-d-_n k-©-cn-® Im¿ Xp-ho-´n¬ ssk-Xm-en-°pC-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. X-e-bv-°p Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn´n-bp-sS `m-cy \-^o-k l÷p-Ω (86). a-°ƒ: C-{_m- t°-‰v 20 Zn-h-k-tØm-fw A-t_m-[m-h-ÿn-b¬ kulow-Ip-´n, lw-k, A-en, ap- Zn P¿-an≥ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn¬ I-gns™-¶n-epw I-gn-™ 16\v a-c-n°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n F-∂ Ip-™p´n, J-Zo-P, dp-Jn-b, dm-_n-b, a-c-W-hn-h-cw _‘p-°sf A-dn-bn-®-Xv C-∂-se-bmB-an-\p, B-bn-i. a-cp-abn-cp-∂p. a-øn-Øv \m-´n-se-Øn-°m≥ C-h-cp-sS k-Ω°ƒ: dp-Jn-b, Ip-™n-∏, \- X]-{Xw th-W-am-bn-cp-∂p. a-I-sf kv-Iq-fn¬ tN¿^o-k, A-ssk-\m¿, a-c°m≥ th-≠n A-Sp-Øv \m-´n¬ h-cm-\n-cn-s°-bm-Wv °m¿, Ip-™n-tamƒ, kpA-]-I-Sw. Im-™n-te-cn ]-≈n-bn¬ a-øn-Øv \-a-kvss_-Z, A-–p¬ -d-km-Jv.Im-c-Øn-\p tijw \m-tem-sS sa-cp-h-ºm-bn a-Jmw ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ ad-hp-sN-bvXp.

]m-¯p-½p

ap-l-½-Zp-®n-

Xm-\q¿: Xm-\q¿ tªm°v Hm-^n-kn-\p k-ao-]w sN-≈n-°m-´n¬ sam-bvXo≥ F-∂ Ip-™≥_m-h (74). `m-cy: Ip-™n-∏m-ØpΩ. a-°ƒ: kp-ss_-Z, A-jv-d-^v, k-eow, knlm-kv, kp-\q-P. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-ko-kv, jm-^n, ssa-aq-\, d-lv-a-Øv, k¬-a.

Np-≈n-∏m-d: ]-tc-X-\mb A-cn-{º A-–p¿-d-lvam-s‚ `m-cy sN-º ]mØp-Ωp (65). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, lw-k, e-Øo-^v, D-Ω¿, P-ao-e, J-Zo-P. a-cp-a°ƒ: D-Ωp-Ip¬-kp, lmP-d, \-ko-a, d-Po-l-Øv, lw-k (ku-Zn), D-a¿ (Zp_-bv).

N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: \-c-Wn-]pg ]p-fn-°¬ a-p-l-Ω-ZpÆn (71). \-c-Wn-∏p-g al-√v ap≥ {]-kn-U‚mWv. `m-cy: D-Ωp-Ip¬-kp. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ A-kokv, A-–p-dp, lm-Pn-d, k-ao-d, kp-l-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: in-lm-_v, jm-Pn, Jm-Z¿, ^u-kn-b, ku_n-\.

I-½p-Zp

kp-c³-

tam-bn³-Ip-«n-

ap-l-½-Zv-

sh-∂n-bq¿: a-Wn-∏-dº-Øv I-Ωp-Zp (65). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, I-Ωp´n, ssk-X-e-hn, J-ZoP, \-^o-k, B-bn-i.

N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: sN-dph-√q¿ ]-Sn-™m-‰p-ap-d X-te-°-c kp-c≥ (42). `m-cy: tZ-h-In. a-°ƒ: {io-Pn-Øv, t{i-b. a-cp-a-I≥: jn_p.

A-co-t°m-Sv: ]-Ø-\m-]pcw tX-°n≥ Np-h-´n¬ Iq{º sI hn sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip´n (73). `m-cy: B-an-\ ap≠-{º. a-°ƒ: A-kv-am_n, P-ko-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Aw-P-Zv, k-eow.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: ]p-Ø-cn°-en-se I-e-tß-S-Øv sN-dn-b ap-l-Ω-Zv (64). `m-cy: ]m-Øp-Ωp. a°ƒ: B-Øn-°, ju°-Øv, k-eo-\. a-cp-aI≥: d-^o-Jv.

k-lm-b-¯n-\v Im-¯p-\nÂ-¡m-sX I-_oÀ bm-{X-bm-bn Im-k¿-tIm-Uv: P-∑-\m ssh-I-ey-hpw tcm-K-hpw _m-[n-®v 28 h¿-jw In-S-∏nem-bn-cp-∂ ap-l-Ω-Zv I_o¿ ap-Jy-a-{¥n-bp-sS klm-b-Øn-\v Im-Øp-\n¬°m-sX bm-{X-bm-bn. ao-∏p-Kn-cn-bn-se ]-tc-X\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zv˛\-^o-kØp-_n-hn Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ I-_o¿ ap-l-Ω-ZmWv a-cn-®-Xv. I-_o-dn-s‚ Nn-In¬-kbv-°m-bn ap-Jya-{¥n-°p \n-th-Z-\w \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p. F-∂m¬ CXp-h-sc ]-Ww e-`y-am-bn-cp-∂n-√.

F-S-°m-Sv: A-c-bv-°pXm-sg X-f¿-∂ a-I-s\-sb-Sp-Øv A-Ω In-W-‰n¬ Nm-Sn a-cn-®p. \-Sm¬ H.sI.bp.]n. kvIq-fn-\p k-ao-]-sØ I-f-Øn¬ lu-kn¬ Ko-X(38)bm-Wv a-I≥ hn-jv-Wp-{]-km-Zn-s\(12)bp-sa-Sp-Øv InW-‰n¬ Nm-Sn B-fl-l-Xy sN-bv-X-Xv. C-∂-se sshIo-´v 3.30Hm-sS-bm-Wp kw-`-hw. tXm-´-S-bn-se B-{i-b kv-s]-jy¬ kv-Iq-fn-se hnZym¿-Yn-bm-Wv hn-jv-Wp. A-c-bv-°p Xm-sg X-f¿-∂-Xp Im-c-Ww h¿-j-ß-fm-bn Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. C∂-se ssh-Io-´v Dd-ßnb tij-amWv Ccp-h-scbpw ImWm-Xm-b-Xv. XpS¿∂p \-S-Øn-b A-t\z-j-W-Øn¬ In-W-‰n¬ arX-tZlw Is≠-Øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. kw-`-h-k-a-bw Ko-X-bp-sS am-Xm-hv am-{X-am-Wv ho´n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. ap-Øp-Ir-jv-W-\m-Wv Ko-X-bpsS `¿-Øm-hv. F-kv.F-kv.F-¬.kn. hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bmb N-μ-\- G-I-a-I-fm-Wv. I-Æq-cn¬ \n-∂p ^-b¿t^m-gv-sk-Øn-bm-Wv ar-X-tZ-lw ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. ar-X-tZ-l-߃ I-Æq¿ Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dnbn¬ kq-£n-®n-´p-≠v. t]m-kv-‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\p tijw C-∂p kw-kv-I-cn-°pw.

ku-Zn-bn A]-I-S-¯n a-cn-¨ bphm-hnsâ a-¿n-¯v J-_-d-S-¡n

sam-bv-Xo³

hml-\m-]-ISw; A-½-bpw Ip-ªpw DÄ-s¸sS aq¶p-a-cWw

B-an-\

A-½-bpw a-I-\pw In-W-än a-cn-¨\n-e-bn FÂ-k-½

Nm-cpw-aq-Sv (B-e-∏p-g): {]-i-kv-X in¬-∏n-bpw Nn{X-Im-c-\pw tZ-io-b A-hm¿-Uv tP-Xm-hp-am-b Np-\°-c sI B¿ cm-P≥ (56) A-¥-cn-®p. Np-\-°-c sX°v ]p-¥n-te-Øp-ho-´n¬ I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn s]-s´-∂p-≠m-b A-kp-J-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ FØn-s®-¶n-epw a-cn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p ssh-Io-´v \men-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. 1980¬ A-ta-cn-°-bnse C‚¿-\m-j-\¬ _p°v s{]m-P-Iv-‰v A-hm¿Uv, 1993¬ tI-c-f e-fn-XI-em A-°m-Z-an-bp-sS kz¿-W-sa-U¬, 1994 in¬-∏-I-e-bn¬ tZ-io-b Ahm¿-Uv, 1995¬ Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ a-lm-cm-Pm-hn¬ \n-∂p in¬-∏-I-em-\n-[n ]-´w F-∂n-h I-c-ÿ-am°n-bn-´p-≠v. Iq-Sm-sX 1996¬ Cw-•-≠n¬- \n-∂p Nn{X in¬-∏-I-e-bv-°p-≈ s^-tem-jn-∏v, 1996¬ {Kma-{io A-hm¿-Uv, 2005¬ X-®p-im-kv-{X in¬-∏-c-Xv\ A-hm¿-Uv Dƒ-s∏-sS tZ-io-b-hpw A-¥¿-tZ-iob-hp-am-b ]-tØm-fw A-hm¿-Up-Iƒ C-t±-l-Øn\v e-`n-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: X-¶-Ω. a-I≥: hn-jv-Wp. aIƒ: Xm-c. a-cp-a-I≥: cm-tI-jv.

ku-Zn-bn¬ A]-I-S-Øn¬ a-cn-® _-jo-dn-s‚ a-øn-Øv Im-™n-te-cnbnse ho´n-se-Øn-®t∏mƒ XSn-®p-Iq-Snb P\w

]p-Øq¿: jn-dm-Un L-´-Øn¬ Im-dn¬ Sm-¶¿tem-dnbn-Sn-®v Ip-Spw-_-Øn-se aq-∂pt]¿ a-cn-®p. 10 t]¿°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. Zm-h¨-K-sc-bn-se Xn-s∏ kzm-an (30), tiz-X (26), c-≠-ch-b- p-≈ a-I≥ K-tW-jv F-∂nh-cm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. tiz-X-bp-sS `¿-Øm-hv a-©p-\m-Yv ]-cn-t°¬-°m-sX c-£-s∏-´p. H-º-Xv ap-Xn¿-∂-h-cpw F-´v Ip-´n-I-fp-am-Wv Im-dnep-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. ]-cn-t°-‰-h-sc ]p-Øq¿ B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. [¿-a-ÿ-e, kp-{_-“-Wy t£-{X-ß-fn¬ Z¿-i-\w I-gn-™v a-S-ßp-tºm-gmbncp∂p A]-I-Sw.

\yq-tam-Wn-b _m-[n-¨v A-[ym-]n-I a-cn-¨p

D-∏-f: \yq-tam-Wn-b _m[n-®v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bncp-∂ Iw-]yq-´¿ A-[ym-]nI- a-cn-®p. s]¿-hm-Un F.F¬.]n. kv-Iqƒ A[ym-]n-I _m-bm¿ s_≈q¿ ho-´n-se _n \n-cp-]a(24)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. H-cmgv-N- ap-ºv tcmKw _m-[n-® Ch¿ aw-K-em-]p-cw B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. ]n-Xm-hv: k-Xy\m-cm-b-W-_-≈mƒ. am-Xm-hv: hn-P-b-e-£v-an. ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-\p-]-a, {]-Xn-a.

F³-tUm-kÄ-^m³; hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p

Im-™-ßm-Sv: sIm-Δ¬-]-≈n a-t\ym-s´ F≥-tUmkƒ-^m≥ Zp-cn-X_m-[n-X-\m-b hn-Zym¿-Yn- acn-®p. at\ym-s´ A-º-ßm-Sv tam-l-\≥-˛-c-a-Wn Z-º-Xn-I-fpsS a-I≥ A-a-em(14)Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Im-™-ßm-Sv kuØv shm-t°-j-\¬ l-b¿-sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iqƒ hnZym¿-Yn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. i-co-cw X-f¿-∂v N-e-\-ti-jn \-„-s∏-´ A-a-ens\ A-[ym-]-I¿ ho-´n-se-Øn-bm-Wv ]Tn-∏n-®n-cp-∂Xv. F≥-tUm-kƒ-^m≥ Zp-cn-X_m-[n-X-cp-sS ]-´n-Ibn¬ Dƒ-s∏-´n-cp∂p. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: a-Rv-Pp-j, ARv-Pp-j.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: B-Zn-hm-kn a-[y-h-b-kv-Is\ ho-´n-¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. kp¬Øm≥ _-tØ-cn th-ßq¿ ]-Wn-b-tIm-f-\n-bn-se Nncp-≈n(50)sb-bm-Wv P-\¬I-ºn-bn¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I≠-Xv. Xn-¶-fm-gv-N cm-{Xn A-an-X-am-bn a-Zy-]n-®m-Wv Nocp-≈n ho-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. C-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v `m-cy AΩn-Wn-bpw a-I≥ Zn-t\-i-\pw A-b¬-ho-´n-em-Wv Xma-kn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. Ch¿ C-∂-se cm-hn-se ho-´n-se-Ønb-t∏m-gm-Wv kw`-h-a-dn-™Xv. kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØcn t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-Ãv \-S-Øn.

hr-²Z-¼-Xn-IÄ hnjwIgn¨v acn¨p

s\-∑m-d (]me-°m-Sv): a-°-fn-√m-Ø-Xpw hm¿-[-IyIm-e tcm-K-hpwaqew hn-j-a-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂ hr-≤-Zº-Xn-Iƒ hn-jw-I-gn-®v a-cn-®p. ta-em¿-tIm-Sv ]-©mb-Øv Nn-‰n-e-t©-cn Xp-Sn-t°m-Sv ho-´n¬ A-∏p (80), `m-cy X-Ø (70) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Hº-Xv h¿-j-am-bn Xp-Sn-t°m-s´ k-tlm-Zc-s‚ ho-Sn-\v k-ao-]-ap-≈ ho-´n-embn-cp∂p XØbpw `¿Ømhpw Xm-a-kn-®ph∂-Xv. \m-ep-h¿-jw apºv, ho-Wv Im-en-\p ]-cn-t°-‰ A-∏p- I-ºn-bn-´-ti-jw hSn-]n-Sn-®m-Wv \-S-°p-∂-Xv. Imen\v I-Sp-Ø th-Z-\-b\p-`-hn-®n-cp-∂ C-t±-l-w ho-´n-¬X-s∂ I-gn-bp-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. a-°-fn-√m-Ø hn-j-ahpw C-h-sc A-e-´n-bncp-∂p. k-tlm-Z-c-s‚ Ip-Spw-_-am-Wv C-h-sc kw-c£n-®n-cp-∂-Xv. sNm-Δm-gv-N Im-e-Øv hoSn\p ]p-d-Øp- Im-Wm-ØXn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v k-tlm-Z-c-s‚ a-°ƒ ]-cn-tim-[n-®t∏m-gm-Wv Ccp-h-scbpw A-t_m-[m-h-ÿ-bn¬ I-≠Xv. D-S≥ B-e-Øq¿ Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn°p-tºm-tg-°pw X-Ø a-cn-®p. Xr-iq¿ sa-Un-°-¬ tIm-f-Pn-te-°p-≈ h-gn-a-t[y-bm-Wv A-∏p a-cn-®-Xv.

BÀ N-{µ-ti-J-c³ sF.FÂ.H. `-c-W-k-an-Xn-bn-Â

A-an-X-]-en-i: B-dp-t]À-Iq-Sn A-d-ÌnÂ

]mÂ- skm-ssk-än-bn-se s]m-«n-s¯-dn: sS-Iv-\o-jy³ a-cn-¨p

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sF-Iy-cm-{„k-`-°p Io-gn-se C‚¿-\m-j\¬ te-_¿ Hm¿-K-ss\-tkjs‚ -(sF.F¬.-H.) `-c-W-k-anXn-bn-te-°v sF.F-≥.Sn.bp.-kn kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚pw A-Jnte-¥ym ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚p-amb B¿ N-{μ-ti-J-c≥ Xn-c-s™Sp-°-s∏-´p. 185 Aw-K-cm-Py {]-Xn\n-[n-I-fn¬-\n-∂v A-Sp-Ø aq-∂ph¿-j-tØ-°p-≈ 56 Aw-K- `-cW-k-an-Xn-sb B-Wv P-\o-hbn¬ tN¿-∂ 103m-a-Xv sF.F¬.H. Iu¨-kn¬ tbmKw Xn-c-s™-Sp-Ø-Xv. 56 Aw-K- `-c-W-k-an-Xn-bn¬ 28 t]¿ Aw-K-cm-Py k¿-°m¿ {]Xn-\n-[n-I-fpw 14 t]¿ sXm-gn-ep-Sam {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fpw 14 t]¿ sXmgn-em-fn {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fp-am-Wv.

Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw: A-an-X] - e - n-ibv-°v ISw sIm-Sp-Øv \n-b-a-ewL-\w \-S-Øp-∂-h¿-s°-Xn-tcbp-≈ \-S-]-Sn-I-fp-sS `m-K-am-bn sNm-Δm-gv-N 181 sd-bv-Up-Iƒ \-SØn-b-Xm-bn kw-ÿm-\ -t]m-enkv ta-[m-hn A-dn-bn-®p. B-dpt]¿ ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. 16 tI-kp-Iƒ c-Pn-ÿ sN-bv-Xp. A-\-[n-Ir-Xam-bn kq-£n-® \n-ch - [ - n tc-JI - fpw 2,32,000¬-∏-cw cq-]-bpw Is≠-Sp-Øn-´p-≠v. C-tXm-sS C-Xp-hs - c-bm-bn \S-∂ 8580-te-sd sd-bv-Up-I-fn-embn 680- t]¿ ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. 1213 tI-kp-Iƒ c-Pn-ÿ sN-bv-Xp. 3,98,00,000¬-∏-cw cq-]-bpw Is≠-Sp-Øp. h-cpw-Zn-h-k-ß-fnepw ]-cn-tim-[-\ Xp-S-cp-sa-∂v t]m-en-kv ta-[m-hn A-dn-bn-®p.

]-ø-∂q¿: sh-≈q-cn-se P-\-Xm ]m¬ skm-ssk-‰n-bp-sS kw-kvI-c-W tI-{μ-Øn-ep-≠m-b s]m´n-sØ-dn-bn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰ sS-Iv\o-jy≥ a-cn-®p. tIm-´-bw ap-≠°-bw ]p-©-h-b-en-se Np-≠-bv°¬ hn-iz-\m-Y-s‚ a-I≥ ]-flIpam¿ (48) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn™-am-kw c-≠n-\m-Wv tImƒUv kv-t‰m-td-Pn-te-°p-≈ Iw-{]k¿ kn-en-≠-¿ s]m-´n-sØ-dn-®v A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-b-Xv. A-]-I-SØn¬ c-≠p-t]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰ncp-∂p. F-d-Wm-Ip-f-sØ sk¬am¿-´v F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mn-se sSIv-\o-jy-\m-b ]-fl-Ip-am¿ Iw{]-k¿ \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bmWv A-]-I-S-ap≠m-b-Xv. ]-fl-Ipam-dn-s\-bpw ]m¬ skm-ssk-‰n-

sXm-gn-em-fn {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fm-bn B-sI-bp-≈ 14 t]-cn¬ H-cm-fmbm-Wv N-{μ-ti-J-c≥ Xn-c-s™Sp-°-s∏-´-Xv. Pq¨ 12\v tN-cp-∂ Xn-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´ K-th-Wn-Mv t_m-Un-bp-sS {]-Y-a-tbm-K-Øn\p-ti-jw 13\v C-t±-lw C-¥ybn¬ Xn-cn-s®-Øpw.

A-\-[n-Ir-X a-Wn-sN-bn³ Øm-]-\-§Ä-s¡-Xn-tc-bpw IÀ-i-\ \-S-]-Sn: sN-¶n-¯-e Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Hm-]-tdj≥ Ip-t_-c-bp-sS `m-K-am-bn kw-ÿm-\-Øv A-\-[n-Ir-Xam-bn {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂ a-WnsN-bn≥ ÿm-]-\-߃-s°Xn-tc-bpw I¿-i-\\-S-]-Sn-sbSp-°p-sa-∂v B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n cta-iv sN-∂n-Ø-e. \n-b-a-hn-cp≤- a-Wn-sN-bn≥ ÿm-]-\-ßfp-sS {]-h¿-Ø-\-߃ \n-tcm[n-°p-sa-∂pw At±lw hm-¿Øm-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ hy-‡am-°n. Hm-]-td-j≥ Ip-t_-c-bn¬

8,375 sd-bv-Up-I-fn-eq-sS 4.56 tIm-Sn cq-] ]n-Sn-s®-Sp-Øp. CXn\p ]p-d-ta kz¿-W-hpw hn-tZi- I-d≥-kn-I-fpw hm-l-\-ßfpw hym-]-I-am-bn ]n-Sn-s®-SpØn-´p-≠v. 1,180 tI-kp-I-fm-Wv c-Pn-ÿ sN-bv-X-Xv. 670 t]-¿ A-d-Ãn-em-b-Xm-bpw sN-∂nØ-e A-dn-bn-®p. A-an-X-]-en-i Cu-Sm-°n P\-ß-sf _p-≤n-ap-´n-°p-∂ sIm-≈-∏-en-i-°m¿-s°-Xn-cmb Hm-]-td-j≥ Ip-t_-c i-‡am-bn Xp-S-cpw. Hm-]-td-j≥ Ip-

t_-c A-h-km-\n-∏n-°p-∂psh-∂ X-c-Øn-ep-≈ hm¿-ØIƒ A-Sn-ÿm-\- c-ln-X-am-Wv. Pn-√mX-e-Øn¬ t]m-en-kv kq{]-≠n-s‚-bpw t\m-U¬ Hm-^nk-dp-sS-bpw t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ ]cm-Xn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ A-Zm-e-Øp-Iƒ Cu- amkw ]q¿-Øn-bm-°pw. hm-l-\ß-fp-sS B¿.kn _p-°v CuSm-bn \¬-In ]-Ww X-´p-∂-h¿s°-Xn-cm-b \-S-]-Sn i-‡-am°p-sa-∂pw B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n ap∂-dn-bn∏p \¬In.

bn-se kq-∏¿-ssh-k¿ k-Xys\-bpw ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-thin-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. ]-fl-Ip-am-dn-s‚ ]n-∂o-Sv F-d-Wm-Ip-fw sa-Un°¬ sk‚-dn-te-°p am-‰n-bn-cp∂p. Chn-sS-h®v C-∂-se ]p-e¿s®-bm-Wv a-cWw.


8

thÀ-]mSv

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

04 Pq¨ 2014 _p[≥

inÂ-¸n- sI BÀ cm-P³

k-Xo-i³-]n-Å In-fn-am-\q¿: sh-≈-√q¿ k-©p \n-hm-kn¬ k-Xoi≥-]n-≈ (56). `m-cy: Cμn-c-Ip-am-cn. a-°ƒ; k©p, C-μp-{]n-b.

Zn-hm-I-c³ \m-bÀ sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: sh-ºmbw Ip-Xn-c-Ip-fw am-¶p-gn sN-t©-cn hn-f-bn¬ ho´n¬ F-kv Zn-hm-I-c≥ \mb¿ (63). `m-cy: k-c-kz-Xnb-Ω. a-°ƒ: Zn-eo-]v, Zo]. a-cp-a-I≥: A-\n.

kq-cy-\m-cm-b-W³ iÀ-a t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n: A-a-cmh-Xn P-\m¿-±-\ tZ-h-kzw h-S-t° sX-cp-hv kn.kn.F-Iv-kv/173¬ kq-cy-\mcm-b-W i¿-a(i¿-a-Pn˛87).

cp-Ün-Wn A-½

c-a-W³

th-em-bp-[³

cm-P-½-]n-Å

tZ-h-cm-P tj-Wm-bv

_m-lp-te-b³

tZ-h-cm-P³

I-√-d: an-Xr-Ω-e πmt°m-Sv cm-a-Ir-jv-W-`-h\n¬ cp-‹n-Wn A-Ω (84). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™p Ir-jv-W≥ \mb¿. a-°ƒ: t{]-a-N-{μ≥ \m-b¿, {]-Zo-]v N-{μ≥ \m-b¿, Ko-Xm-Ip-am-cn. acp-a-°ƒ: _o-\m-Ip-am-cn, A-\p, kp-[m-I-c≥.

a-e-bn≥-Io-gv: hn-f-hq¿°¬ s]m-‰-bn¬ a-W-ephn-f c-aym \n-hm-kn¬ ca-W≥ (58). `m-cy: N-{μn-I. a-°ƒ: Nn-{X-te-J, c-ayma-tl-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-\n¬-Ipam¿ (sI.F-kv.C._n), a-tl-jv.

a-W-eq¿: H-fm-´v th-embp-[≥(66). `m-cy: h¬-ke. a-°ƒ: hn-t\-jv, hnPn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-iz-Xn, kp-tc-jv.

B-ep-h: I-Ω-Øv sebn≥ e-£v-an \n-hm-kn¬ tZ-h-cm-P tj-Wm-bv(74). sF.B¿.C. I-º-\n dn-´ D-tZym-K-ÿ≥. `m-cy: hnt\m-Zn-\n. a-°ƒ:hn-\n-X, hn-\p-cm-Pv(bp.F-kv.F). a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-b-cm-Pv(sF. B¿.C D-tZym-K-afi¬), A-Rv-P-\ (bp.F-kv.F).

ssh-∏n≥: Rm-d-°¬ hen-b-]p-c-bv-°¬ _m-lpte-b≥ (83). `m-cy : ]flm-£n. a-°ƒ: D-Æn-Irjv-W≥, {]-Xm-]≥, kptc-jv, _n-μp. a-cp-a-°ƒ : Ko-X, i-in-I-e, _n-μp, chn.

tPm-bn-kv

N-{µ³

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: a-cp-sX°v s\-Sp-tßm-´v ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-cm-bW≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy cm-P-Ω-]n-≈(89). a°ƒ: k-c-kz-Xn-b-Ω, cm[-Ω-]n-≈, {]-`m-I-c≥]n-≈, ]-tc-X-\m-b kp[m-I-c≥-]n-≈. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-cta-iz-c≥-]n-≈, ]-tc-X\m--b tkm-a-\m-Y≥-]n≈, k-Xy-h-Xn-b-Ω, X¶-a-Wn-b-Ω.

]-d-hq¿: kn.]n.sF t\Xm-hpw ap≥ ]-d-hq¿ ap-\nkn-∏¬ ssh-kv sN-b¿am-\p-am-bn-cp-∂ tZ-h-cmP≥(77). ]p-Ø≥-th-en-°-c-bn-se sh¨-a-Wn-t»-cn Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. ]-d-hq-cn-se In-g-t°-{]-Øm-Wv ÿn-cXm-a-kw. tPm-bn‚ v Iu¨-kn¬ kv-t‰-‰v Iu¨-kn¬ Aw-Kw, kn.]n.sF Su¨ tem°¬-I-Ωn-‰-n-bw-Kw, Zo¿L-Im-ew ]-d-hq¿-k-l-Ic-W _m-¶v t_m¿-Uv saº¿, _m-¶v {]-knU‚ v,P-\-Io-bm-kq-{X-W ]-≤-Xn-bn-se tªm-°v dntkm-gv-kv sN-b¿-am≥ F∂o-\n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p.A-kp-J_m-[n-X-\m-bn Nn-In¬k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: hn-a-e(dn-´.A-[ym-]n-I).a°ƒ: Zo-](A-[ym-]nI,F-kv.Fw.F-®v.Fkv.F-kv sN-dm-bn), _ntPm-bv(Nm¿-t´-Uv F≥-Pn\o-b¿, se≥-kv s^-Uv Xm-eq-°v sk-{I-´-dn).a-cpa-°ƒ:A-tim-I≥, kqcy(A-[ym-]n-I,a-lm-cmPm-kv tIm-f-Pv).kw-kv-Icmw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 11.30\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.cm-hn-se 9ap-X¬ 10 h-sc ]-d-hq¿ Su¨-lm-fn¬ s]m-Xp-Z¿i-\-Øn-\p-h-bv-°pw.

I-g-°q-´w: aw-K-e-]p-cw `q-Xm-\ tIm-f-\n-bn¬ {Ko-jv-a `-h-\n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b tPym-j-bp-sS `m-cy tPm-bn-kv (79). a-°ƒ: hn≥-k¨, I-\-I-Ω, X¶-®≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-\-‰v, ]o-‰¿, Kn-cn-P.

sIm-Sp-h-g-ß: tXm-∏n¬]-d-ºn¬ N-{μ≥(70). kwkv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. `m-cy: Kn-cn-P. a-°ƒ: {io-P, kn-_p, en_p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jm-Pn, c-anX,kp-I-\y.

ssa-Xo³-Ip-ªv I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: C-S-°pf-ß-c ]p-en-bq¿ h-©n sX-°v lm-co-kv a≥kn¬(]-d-ºn¬) dn-´. tÃm¿ kq-{]-≠v sI ssaXo≥-Ip-™v(88). a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b sj-co-^v, B-kn-^v, lm-co-kv, apwXm-kv _o-Kw, jm-ln-Z _o-Kw, ^m-kn-b _o-Kw. a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-ao-e, apw-Xmkv-_m-bn, jm-ln-Zm-_ohn, A-øq-_v, km-Zn-Jv, jw-kp-±o≥.

B-bn-i D-½ sIm-bn-em-≠n: sh-‰n-e∏m-d ]-tc-X-\m-b In-gs° h-f-∏n¬ a-c-°m¿-Ip´n-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-i -DΩ (88).

X-¼m³- \m-bÀ

cm-P-]p-cw: h-Æm-Øn°m-\-sØ A-Sn-tbm-Sn A-_v-Zp P-ºmÀ X-ºm≥ \m-b¿ (65). B-\-°-c: sh-≈m-fq¿ Im≥-k¿ -_m-[-sb XptIm-d-Øv A-_v-Zp¬ PS¿-∂v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em∫m¿ (80). -`m-cy: B-anbn-cp-∂p. \.- a-°ƒ: kn-±o-Jv, _`m-cy: I-cn-t®-cn `m¿-K-hnjo¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, Kb-Ω. a-°ƒ: a-Wn-I^q¿, dp-Jn-b.- a-cp-a-°ƒ: WvT≥, sI a-\o-jv-Ipju-°-Øv, B-bn-i,am¿ (Kƒ-^v),. _¬-°o-kv.

t_-_n

kp-Pm-X

hÀ-¡n Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

tPm-k-^v

tPm-k-^v tXm-a-kv

a-dn-bm-½

]-ßm-h-Xn-b-½

s]-cp-h: A-h¿-a ]-Item-a-‰w ]p-Øq¿ ta-emdm-bn¬ ]n sI t__n(73). `m-cy: Im-™n-c-a-‰w ]p√w-Ip-t∂¬ Ip-Spw-_mKw h¬-k. a-°ƒ _nPp,B-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ se\n, tPm-k-^v ]p-∂-®men¬. kw-kv-Im-cw \-SØn.

Nn-d-°-S-hv:Nn-d-°-S-hv In-g-°pw-`m-Kw ap-≠pth-en-¬ dn-´ ]-©m-bØv ¢¿-°v tkm-a-ti-c]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy kpPm-X(52). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v H-∂n-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a°ƒ:\o-Xp-ti-J¿, lcn-ti-J¿

s]-cp-h: im-¥n-]p-cw ap≠w-Ip-gn-bn¬ h¿-°n Ipcym-t°m-kv(]m-∏-®≥ 65). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 12.30\v s]-cp-h sk‚ v {^m≥-kn-kv Un km-e-kv N¿-®n¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b X-¶-Ω. a-I≥:k_n .

]-\-a-cw: ssI-X-°¬ aq-k lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ^m-Øn-a (80). a-°ƒ: am-an, a-Ωq-´n, A-eo-a, ssk-\-_, A-–p-√. acp-a-°ƒ: Ak-bv\m¿, aq-k, lw-k, B-bn-i, j-ao-\.

]q-f-°q¬: ]-tc-X-\m-b A-Øn-t°m-S≥-I-≠n sN-t°m-´n-bp-sS `m-cy amXp (85). a-I≥: cm-P≥. a-cp-a-Iƒ: tim-`. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-am-c≥, IWm-c≥, tI-f-∏≥, \m-cmb-Wn, Pm-\p.

Xn-cp-h-√: C-c-hn-t]-cq¿ h-≈n-bn¬ hn kn tPm-k^n-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-bm-Ω (82). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf ssh-Io-´v \m-en-\v C-c-hnt]-cq¿ sk‚ v ta-co-kv Iv\m-\-b ]-≈n sk-an-tØcn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: em-ep, tP°-_v Ip-´n, s_-‰n, Ip™v. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tXm-akp-Ip-´n, em-en, tPm-_n, _n- n-en.

I¬-∏-I-t©-cn: I-Spßm-Øp-Ip-≠v ]m-d-°mS≥ th-em-bp-[≥ (A-∏pIp-´≥˛73).

aq-e-a-‰w- : P-e-¥¿- kn-‰na-‰-Ø-\m-\n-°¬- tPm-k^v tXm-a-kv (Ip-t™-∏v 83). kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v cmhn-se 10.30\v aq-e-a-‰wsk‚ v tPm¿-Pv s^m-td-m\- ]-≈n- sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬-. `m-cy:- F-Sm-Sv Ip-t∂¬- A-∂-°p-´n. a-°ƒ-: tXm-a-kv, ta-cn-, kn-kn-en, B-eo-kv, sP-kn, s_∂n, km-Pp-. a-cp-a-°ƒ- :tagv-kn- tXm-a-kv(]m-kv-‰d¬- Iu¨-kn¬- Aw-Kw), tSm-an- (sNm-tΔm-en-IpSn- aw-K-ew-Umw-) ,tPm-bn®≥- C-S-ap-f-bn¬- a-t©cn, X-¶-®-≥- (h-S-°≥tXm-´-Øn¬- aq-e-a-‰w-) kn-_n- (]-¥-em-Sn-°¬\n-e-ºq¿-), A-Rv-P-en-.

X-e-tbm-e-∏-d-ºv: P-b k-Z-\-Øn¬ sN-√-∏-≥\m-b-cp-sS `m-cy ]-flm-hXn-b-Ω (76). kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: P-b-Ipam¿, Ko-Xm-Ip-am-cn, kp[m-Ip-am-cn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Dj, kp-Z¿-i≥, th-WptKm-]m¬,

^m-¯n-a

\-kv-d-Øv: Ãm-Nyp P-Mvj-\p-k-ao-]w ]-≈n-∏-dºn¬ tPm-k-^v(77). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 9\v \-kv-d-Øv Xn-cp-°pSpw-_ tZ-hm-e-b sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: A-KÃm. a-°ƒ: B‚-Wn, jo-_,ta-gv-kn, ^n-tem-an\,a-Rv-Pp-, sse-Pp, ss_Pp, a-\p. a-cp-a-°ƒ:B‚Wn,k-t¥m-jv, jm-en, \o-X, tkm-Wn,ssjPp,en≥-kn.

]-c-ta-iz-c³- \-¼q-Xn-cn

Hm-a-\

t_-_n A-½

C-{_m-lnw

a-e-bn≥-Io-gv: a-Wn-b-dhn-f-bn¬ `m-kv-I-c hnem-k-Øn¬ `m-kv-Ic≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy t_-_n A-Ω (75). a-°ƒ: _m-e-N-{μ≥ \m-b¿, P-e-P-Ip-am-cn, hn-{I-a≥ \m-b¿, P-bIp-am-cn, A-\n¬-Ipam¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: im-¥n-Ip-amcn, Zm-tam-Z-c≥ \m-b¿, k-Xo-tZ-hn, I-cp-Wm-Ic≥ \m-b¿, {io-hn-Zy.

tPm-k-^v

tdm-k

Im-´m-°-S: Xq-ßmw-]m-d C-d-bmw-tIm-Sv {io-a-lmtZ-h¿ t£-{Xw ap≥ ta¬-im-¥n I-cn-∏q¿ C√w Ir-jv-W \n-hm-kn¬ ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ -\-ºq-Xn-cn (76). `m-cy: kp-a-Xn A-¥¿-P\w. a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn (Xn-cp.tZ-hkzw-t_m¿-Uv), tI-ih≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn (aTØn¬ `-K-h-Xn t£{Xw), ]-tc-X-\m-b hn-jvWp-\-ºq-Xn-cn, ]-c-ta-izc≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn. a-cp-a°ƒ: Xp-f-ko-tZ-hn A¥¿-P-\w, -tPym-Xn, k‘y, A-\n-X.

s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: sIm-Sßm-hn-f tXm-∏p-hn-f ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b s]m∂p-hn-s‚ `m-cy Hm-a-\ (68). a-°ƒ: P-b-cm-Pv (F¬.sF.kn G-P‚ v s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c), tam-l\≥ (sI.F-kv.C._n), •m-Uv-kv-‰¨ (Kƒ-^v), kp-[-Ip-am-cn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jo-P (A-¶-W-hm-Sn), Aºn-fn, {^o-Um-kp-aw, kpio-e≥.

D-®n-Ir-jv-W³ h-S-°m-t©-cn: ap-≈q¿°-c C-cp-\n-ew-tIm-Sv imc-Zm-e-b-Øn¬ D-Æn-Irjv-W≥(53). `m-cy: k-en. a-°ƒ: en-j, \n-j, Pn-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-tP-jv, IÆ≥, D-Æn-Ir-jv-W≥.

]-≈p-cp-Øn: ]p-√m¿-tZiw tdm-Uv sk‚ v Atem-jy-kv tIm¨sh‚n-\p-k-ao-]w I-eymW-∏-d-ºn-¬ tPm-k^v(88). kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. `mcy: s\-´q¿ Ip-∂-e-°m-´v {^m≥-kn-kv. a-°ƒ: tjm-_n tXm-akv(bp-ss\-‰-Uv C-¥y C≥-jp-d≥-kv),tPm-∏≥, X-ºn(C‚-en-P≥-kv _yq-tdm), sP≥-kn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tXm-akv(sIm-®n≥ jn-∏v bm¿Uv), sP-bv-\n, tjma(sk‚ v B≥-kv kvIqƒ, I-º-f-ßn),Zmk≥.

]-≈n-°-c: s]-cn-ßm-e Im-cp-Ip-∂-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b A-_q-_-°-dn-s‚ a-I≥ C-{_m-lnw(80). Pam-A-sØ C-kv em-an ap≥ {]m-tZ-in-I A-ao¿, sF.kn.Sn {S-Ãv sN-b¿am-\m-bpw {]-h¿-Øn-®n´p-≠v. `m-cy: Ip-™pΩ.a-°ƒ: A-_q-_°¿,ap-l-Ω-Zm-en(a-kv-I‰v),b-ln-b,ssk-Zv,k-emlp-±o≥,Xm-Pp-±o≥(aq-hcpw a-kv-I-‰v),A-^v-kØv. a-cp-a-°ƒ:A-–p¬ a-Po-Zv, ^u-kn-b,ssee,k-^n-b,^-ko-e,jaow, Pp-ss_-cn-b. J-_d-S-°w C-∂v D-®-°v 12\v ]-≈n-° Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: Im-hpw-]pdw ]-d-ºn ]-tc-X-\m-b Hutk-^v `m-cy tdm-k-(84). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn™v 2\v sF-ap-dn Xn-cp-lrZ-b tZ-hm-e-b sk-an-tØcn-bn¬. ]-tc-X Im-™q¿ am-S-∏m-S≥ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. a-°-ƒ: F¬-kn, t__n(_n-P-bv-kv sS-bv-e-dn-Mv Im-hpw-]p-dw), tPm-Wn(ap≠-°-bw),k-Æn(Nn-∏n sSIv-ssì-kv s]-cp-ºm-hq¿), tPm-kv(kn.]n.Fw Imhpw-]p-dw t\m¿-Øv {_m©v Aw-Kw). a-cp-a-°ƒ:AK-kv-‰n≥(ap-≠-°-bw), B\o-kv(a-‰q¿),-Ip-™ptamƒ(ap-≠-°-bw),ssek(am-f),ku-ay(Ip-´-ºpg).

tjÀ-fn I-´n-∏m-d: X-d-Ω¬- tj¿fn- (72)-.- tIm-gn-t°m-SvtIm-´q-fn-bn¬- \n-∂v- kao-]-Im-e-Øm-Wv- I-´n∏m-d-bn-te-°v- C-h¿- Xma-kw- am-dn-b-Xv.- a-Iƒ: tam-fn- ssk-a¨.-

FÂ-k-½ C-cn-´n: h-´m-tXm-s´ aTØn-∏-d-ºn¬ Nm-t°mbp-sS `m-cy F¬-k-Ω (42). a-°ƒ: a-Rv-Pp, Nn©p, sa¬-_n≥.

am-Xp

km-an-¡p-«n A-tØm-fn: ]q-t°m-Sv tIm-f-t©-cn ao-ج km-an-°p-´n (67). `m-cy: hn-em-kn-\n.

th-em-bp-[³-

{]-Zo-]vIp-amÀ I-Xn-cq¿: sI-¬-t{Sm-Wnse dn-´. D-tZym-K-ÿ-≥ Np-≠-ßm-s∏m-bn¬ Kh. l-b¿ sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]w -P-b{]-`-bn¬ {]-Zo-]vIp-am¿ aw-K-em-´v (59). ]n-Xm-hv: aw-K-em-´v cm-Lh≥ (am-Xr-`q-an I-Æq¿ Pn-√m ap≥ _yq-tdm No^v).

sXm-−n-ap-X-ep-IÄ Xn-cn-sI \Â-In-bn-sÃ-¶v BÀ.Un.H. tIm-S-Xn Po-h-\-¡m-c-sâ sam-gn b ]p-\-c-t\z-j-W l¿-Pnsb-Øp-S¿-∂v kn._n.sF. \-S-Øp-∂ A-t\z-jW-Øn-s‚ `m-K-am-bp-≈ tNm-Zyw sN-ø-en-em-Wp \n¿-Wm-b-I sam-gn. tIkv A-t\z-j-W-Øn-s‚ `m-K-am-bn ss{Iw-{_m-©v G-s‰-Sp-Ø sXm-≠n-ap-Xep-Iƒ b-Ym¿-Y-Øn¬ Xncn-sI \¬-In-bn-cp-∂n-√t{X. F-∂m¬ B¿.Un.H. tIm-S-Xn-bn-se Po-h-\°m¿ tI-kn¬ \n-∂p c£-s∏-Sm≥ sXm-≠n-apX¬ Xn-cn-sI e-`n-®-Xm-bn c-Pn-Ã-dn¬ F-gp-Xp-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. C-°m-cyw ^-ben¬ tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp∂n-√. in-tcm-h-kv-{Xw, ASn-h-kv-{Xw, sN-cp-∏v Dƒs∏-sS-bp-≈ sXm-≠n-Ifm-Wv Xn-cn-sI \¬-Im-Xncp-∂-Xv. H-cp U-b-dn am-{X-

am-Wv Xn-cn-sI \¬-In-bncn-°p-∂X -- v. Xp-S-c-t\z-jW-Øn-s‚ `m-K-am-bn kn._n.sF. Un-ssh.Fkv.]n. tZ-h-cm-P≥ I-gn™ 13\v d-_¿ t_m¿-Uv K-Ãv lu-kn¬ h-®v B¿.Un.H. tIm-S-Xn-bn-se kq{]-≠v, ¢m¿-°v, kn-ÿ A-`-b-bp-sS ap-ßn-sb-SpØ-bmƒ F-∂n-h-sc tNmZyw sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. Cu tNm-Zyw sN-ø-en-\n-sS-bmWv ¢m¿-°v, ssI-b-_-≤w ]-‰n-t∏m-sb-∂ ap-J-h-ctbm-sS \n¿-Wm-b-I samgn \¬-In-b-Xv. tI-kp-ambn _-‘-s∏-´ tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-se t]m-Ãp-tam¿-´w, Xn-cp-h-\¥-]p-cw A-\-e-‰n-°¬ em-_n-se ]-cn-tim-[-\Iƒ F-∂n-h t\-c-sØ Xs∂ hn-hm-Z-am-bn-cp-∂p.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: sh-≈-d°m-Sv sX-cp-hn-se ]m-ebm-S≥-I-≠n tI-f-∏≥ (92). `m-cy: \m-cm-b-Wn. a°ƒ: Zm-tam-Z-c≥, N{μ≥, im-¥, Pm-\p. c-a.

am-\-¥-hm-Sn: F-c-aw-Ke-Øv tPm-k-^v sshZy¿ (90). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 10-\v tXmWn-®m¬ sk‚ v sk_m-kv-‰y≥ N¿-®n¬. a°ƒ: tUm. tPm¨, tPm-kv, tXm-a-kv, B-\okv.

A-_v-Zp h-lm-_v

]u-tem-kv

a-Æ-t©-cn: s]m-∂m-Sv Imcn-°m-t»-cn-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b ]-co-Xp-Ip-™n-s‚ aI≥ \-cn-b-\-bn¬ A-_vZp¬ h-lm-_v (60). `m-cy: dpJn-bm _o-hn, a-°ƒ: dn-bmkv, lm-cn-kv, kp-a-ø. a-cp-a°ƒ: ssj-a j-_m-\, ap\m-kv, am-Xm-hv: sF-jm_o-hn, k-tlm-Z-c-߃: apl-Ω-Zv-Ip-™v, A-_q-_°¿, D-Ωp-sk¬-Ω, d-lo-a _o-hn, bq-kp-^v (ap-A±o≥, a-Æ-t©-cn In-g-s° Pp-ap-A a-kv-Pn-Zv), A-_vZp¬ k-emw-d-jm-Zn (A-kn: J-Øo-_v, s]m-∂m-Sv Pp-apA a-kv-Pn-Zv) \-ko¿, \ujm-Zv (A-≤ym-]-I≥, ]≈m-Øp-Xp-Øn F¬.-]n.F-kv).

A-Sn-am-en : Nm-Ø-\m-´vIp-Sn ]u-tem-kv (67) . kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10 \v A-Sn-am-en sk‚ v tPm-¿-Pv bm-t°m_m-b ]-f-fn- I-Øo-{Uen¬. `m-cy: km-dm-Ω, A-Sn-am-en hm-Zym-´v IpSpw-_m-Kw. a-°ƒ: {]n≥kn, F-_n. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: k-Po-hv F-S-∏m-´v 10˛mw ssa¬ , _n-Pn-tamƒ ]qh-∏n-f-fn¬, am-¶p-fw.

tZ-h-In ap-°w: a-Wm-t»-cn sXm´n-°m-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tIm-cp-hn-s‚ `m-cy tZ-hIn (84).

Dab-\√q¿: A-º-ew-Ip∂v tdm-Uv hn-f ]p-Ø≥ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b A–p¬ dlow Ip-™n-s‚ `-m-cy dp-Jn-bm _o-hn(85). a°ƒ: \-_o-km _ohn, _-Z-dp-±o≥, d-jo-Z, \-koa, \q¿-P-lm≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: _-Z-dp-±o≥, sse-e, kn-dm-Pp-±o≥, F-®v F dlow, \m-k-dp-±o≥. C∂se cm-hn-se D-a-b-\√q¿ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬ I-_dS°n.

_m-e-cm-a-]p-cw: c-≠p-\n-e-I-fp-≈ _w-•m-hn-s‚ aq∂mw \n-e-bn-se dq-^v h-¿-°v I-gn-™v Xm-tg-°n-d-ßp∂-Xn-\n-sS tKm-h-Wn a-dn-™p ho-Wv a-cn-® bp-hm-hn-\v P-∑-\m-Sn-s‚ B-Z-cm-Rv-P-en. am-d-\-√q¿ Ip-h-f-ti-cn {]-Zo-]v `-h-\n¬ {]-Zo-]v-Ipam¿ k-‘y Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ \-μp ]n \m-b¿ (19) B-Wv I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw cm{Xn 8.30 Hm-sS kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ a-cn-®-Xv. Ducp-´-º-ew _m-¶v Hm-Un-t‰mdn-b-Øn-\p k-ao-]w kz-Imcy hy-‡n-bp-sS sI-´n-SØn¬ a-‰p-sXm-gn-em-fn-Itfm-sSm-∏w ]-Wn-sb-Sp-Øp Xn-cn-sI C-d-ßp-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn-em-Wv tKm-h-Wn a-dn-™v X-e-°p- ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. B-dm-epw-aq-Sn-se kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. t]mkv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ kw-kv-I-cn-®p. k-tlm-Z-cn: {]n-b.

]-\n _m-[n-¨v bp-h-Xn a-cn-¨p

]q-®m-°¬: ]-\n-_m-[n-®v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bphm-Xn a-cn-®p. ssX-°m-´p-ti-cn ]-©m-b-Øv aq-∂mw hm¿-Un¬ \n-I¿-Øn¬ k-t¥m-jn-s‚ `m-cy _n-kn (36)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ]-\n _m-[n-®v h-≠m-\w sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-cn-s° C-∂-se cm-hn-se-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. a-°ƒ: km-{μ, k‘y. kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn.

B-e-∏p-g-:- Xp-tºm-fn- shfn-bn¬- ho-´n¬- Sn- sI- X¶-∏-≥ (85-)-.- kw-kv-Im-cw_p-[-\m-gv-N- cm-hn-se- 10\v- ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.- `m-cy-:- ]tc-X-bm-b- C-μn-c.- a-°ƒ-:Po-h-cm-Pv-(tZ-im-`n-am-\n,B-e-∏p-g,-)- ]-tc-X-\m-bcm-[m-Ir-jv-W-≥,- _m-_phn-P-b-\m-Yv-(I-b¿-s^Uv-˛- B-e-∏p-g-),- B-im-eX.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:- Du¿-an-ftZ-hn,- am-b- (Im¿-Uv-_m¶v-)- D-√m-kv.- ]p-∂-{]- ˛-hb-em-¿- k-a-c- tk-\m-\nbpw- kn-.]n-.Fw.- k-wÿm-\- I-Ωn-‰n- Aw-K-hpam-b- ]n- sI- N-{μm-\-μs‚- k-tlm-Z-c-\m-Wv. kn.]n-.Fw-. t\-Xm-°-fm-bkn- _n- N-{μ-_m-_p,- Pnkp-[m-I-c-≥ Fw.-F¬.F,- kn- sI- k-Zm-in-h-≥ Fw-.F¬.-F,- tZ-im-`n-am\n- sIm-®n- am-t\-P¿- knF-≥ tam-l-\-≥,- B¿\m-k¿,- sI- {]-km-Zv,- Pnth-Wp-tKm-]m¬,- Fwkp-tc-{μ-≥ Xp-S-ßn-b-h¿A-¥n-tam-]-Nm-c-a¿-∏n®p.-

_nPp

Im-dn-Sn-¨v ss_-¡v bm-{Xn-I³ a-cn-¨p

N-h-d: ss_-°n¬ Im-dn-Sn-®v ss_-°v bm-{Xn-I≥ a-cn®p. ]≥-a\ - am-th-en Nn-cm-fØ - v h-S° - X - n¬ A-en-bm-cpIp-™v(23)B-Wv a-cn-®X - v. Xn-¶-fm-gv-N cm-hn-se F-´n\v C-S-∏-≈n-t°m-´-°v kao-]a - p-≈ s]m≥-hb - ¬ HmUn-t‰m-dn-b-Øn-\v k-ao-]am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. tdmUn¬ sX-dn-®p ho-W A-enbm-cp-Ip-™n-s\ B-Zyw Icp-\m-K∏ - ≈ - n Xm-eq-°m-ip]-{Xn-bn-epw ]n-∂o-Sv sIm√-sØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]{Xn-bn-te-°v am-‰n-sb-¶nepw ssh-Ip-t∂-ct- Øm-sS a-cW - a - S- ™ p. `m-cy: \q¿-Plm≥. a-°ƒ: jm-ln-Z, k-_n-Z, k-_n-d, j-^o-Jv.

bp-hm-hv Zp-cq-l km-l-N-cy-¯n a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

_m-e-cm-a-]p-cw: bp-hm-hn-s\ Zp-cq-l km-l-N-cy-Øn¬ a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn.- _m-e-cm-a-]p-cw X-e-b¬ tIm-hn¬-hn-fm-Iw ]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ hn-t\m-Zv (30) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw _m-e-cm-a-]p-cw s]t{Smƒ ]-ºn-\v k-ao-]sØ B-sfm-gn-™ ]-d-ºnse a-Xn-en-t\m-Sv tN¿-∂mWv ar-X-tZ-lw I-≠-Xv.Rm-b-dm-gv-N cm-hn-se ho´n¬ \n-∂n-d-ßn-b hn-t\mZn-s\ Im-Wm-\n-s√-∂v Xn¶-fm-gv-N D-®-°v c-t≠m-sS am-Xm-hv kp-aw-K-e _m-ecm-a-]p-cw t]m-en-kn¬ ]cm-Xn \¬-In-bn-cp-∂p. C∂-se k-ao-]-sØ Ip-‰n-°m-´n¬ \n-∂pw Zp¿-K-‘w Db¿-∂-tXm-sS ]-cn-tim-[-n-® sXm-´-Sp-sØ ^v-fm-‰n-se Xm-a-k-°m-cm-Wv ar-X-tZ-lw I-≠-Xv. _m-e-cm-a-]p-cw t]m-en-kv ÿ-e-sØ-Øn \-S-]-Sn kzo-I-cn-®p.- _-‘p°ƒ a-c-W-Øn¬ Zp-cq-l-X B-tcm-]n-®-Xn-\m¬ t^md≥-kn-Iv hn-`m-Kw D-tZym-K-ÿ-cpw sX-fn-sh-Sp-Øp.

ssh-Zyp-Xm-Lm-X-ta-äv ho-«-½ a-cn-¨p

X-¦-¸³-

tKm-h-Wn a-dn-ªv ho-Wp a-cn-¨ \-µp-hn-\v B-Z-cm-Rv-P-en

A-`-b-t¡-kv ho-−pw h-gn-¯n-cn-hn-te-¡v tIm-´-bw: hn-hm-Z-am-b kn-kv‰¿ A-`-b-t°-kv ho≠pw \n¿-Wm-b-I h-gnØn-cn-hn-te-°v. ss{Iw{_m-©v G-s‰-Sp-Ø tIkn-se \n¿-Wm-b-I-am-b F-´p sXm-≠n-ap-X-ep-Iƒ Xn-cn-sI \¬-In-bn-s√-∂v B¿.Un.H. tIm-S-Xn Po-h\-°m-c-s‚ sam-gn. Xn-cnsI e-`n-°m-Xn-cp-∂ sX-fnhp-Iƒ \-in-∏n-®p-sh-∂v F-gp-Xn-h-bv-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p-sh-∂pw kn.-_n.-sFbv-°p ap-ºm-sI \¬-In-b sam-gn-bn¬ ]-d-bp-∂p. sX-fn-hp-Iƒ ss{Iw{_m-©v \-in-∏n-°p-I-bmbn-cp-∂p-sh-∂ hm-Z-Øn\v C-tXm-sS ho-≠pw Poh≥ h-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. B-Iv-j≥ Iu¨-kn¬ I¨-ho-\¿ tPm-tam≥ ]pØ≥-]p-c-bv-°¬ \¬-In-

tI-f-¸³

tPm-k-^v ssh-ZyÀ

dp-Jn-bm _o-hn

Nm-cpw-aq-Sv (B-e-∏p-g): {]-i-kv-X in¬-∏n-bpw Nn-{X-Im-c-\pw tZ-io-b A-hm¿-Uv tP-Xm-hp-am-b Np-\-°-c sI B¿ cm-P≥ (56) A-¥-cn-®p. Np-\°-c sX-°v ]p-¥n-te-Øp-ho-´n¬ I-gn-™-Zn-hkw cm-{Xn s]-s´-∂p≠m-b A-kp-J-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v kz-Im-cy Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øns®-¶n-epw a-cn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. kw-kv-Imcw C-∂p ssh-Io-´v \men-\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. 1980¬ A-ta-cn-°bn-se C‚¿-\m-j-\¬ _p-°v s{]m-P-Iv-‰v Ahm¿-Uv, 1993¬ tI-c-f e-fn-X-I-em A-°m-Z-an-bpsS kz¿-W-sa-U¬, 1994 in¬-∏-I-e-bn¬ tZ-iob A-hm¿-Uv, 1995¬ Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ a-lm-cm-Pmhn¬ \n-∂p in¬-∏-I-em-\n-[n ]-´w F-∂n-h I-cÿ-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. Iq-Sm-sX 1996¬ Cw-•-≠n¬\n-∂p Nn-{X in¬-∏-I-e-bv-°p-≈ s^-tem-jn-∏v, 1996¬ {Km-a-{io A-hm¿-Uv, 2005¬ X-®p-im-kv-{X in¬-∏-c-Xv-\ A-hm¿-Uv Dƒ-s∏-sS tZ-io-b-hpw A-¥¿-tZ-io-b-hp-am-b ]-tØm-fw A-hm¿-UpIƒ C-t±-l-Øn-\v e-`n-®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: X-¶-Ω. aI≥: hn-jv-Wp. a-Iƒ: Xm-c. a-cp-a-I≥: cm-tI-jv.

\-K-cq¿: ssh-Zyp-Xm-Lm-X-ta-‰v ho-´-Ω a-cn-®p. h-©nbq¿ ]p-Xn-b X-Sw Im-´p-hn-f ]p-Ø≥ ho-´n¬ hn-P-bs‚ `m-cy kp-Pm-X (40) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hnse ho-Sn-\p k-ao-]-sØ ]p-c-bn-S-Øn¬ C-cp-ºv tXm-´ sIm-≠v am-ß ]-dn-°-sh 11 sI.hn sse-\n¬ X-´nssh-Zyp-Xm-Lm-X-ta¬-°pI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-Sp-Ø ho´n-se Ip-´n I-≠p \n-e-hn-fn®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v \m-´p-Im¿ F-Øn-b-t∏m-tg-°pw kp-PmX a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. sI.Fkv.C._n Po-h-\-°m-cpw ^b¿-t^m-gv-kpw F-Øn sshZyp-Xn _-‘w th¿-s∏-SpØn-b ti-jw ar-X-tZ-lw am‰p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. a-°ƒ: hoW, _n-Pn.

A-kw kz-tZ-in- a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: A-kw kz-tZ-in-bm-b bp-hm-hn-s\ tlm-´-en-\p-≈n¬ a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. ]-´w πm-aq-Sv P-Mv-j-\n-se H-cp tlm-´-en-se Po-h-\-°m-c-\mb J-cow (20)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-tX tlm-´-en¬ kp-lr-Øp-°ƒ-s°m-∏w cm-{Xnbn¬ D-d-ßm≥ In-S-∂-Xm-bn Iq-sS-bp-≈-h¿ ]-d-bp∂p. cm-hn-se A-©-c-tbm-sS a-s‰-√m-h-cpw D-W¿-∂n´pw C-bmƒ D-W-cm-Xm-b-t∏mƒ kw-i-bw tXm-∂n-b kp-lr-Øp-°ƒ tlm-´¬ A-[n-Ir-X-sc hn-h-cw A-dnbn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-S≥- sa-Un-°¬-tIm-sf-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øns®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. kw-`-h-sØ Ip-dn-®p cmhn-se ]-Øn-\p ti-j-am-Wp hn-h-cw e-`n-®-sX-∂p ayqkn-bw s]m-en-kv ]-d-™p.

tIm-S-Xn-h-cm-´-bn tUm-Iv-SÀ Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

a-™{]: tXm´-°-c ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\mb tPm-kv a-I≥ _n-Pp(43).`mcy: am{º ]-≈n-∏m-S≥ Ip-Spw]-Ø-\w-Xn-´: hn-Nm-c-W-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ-°m-bn tIm-S_mw-K-w Pn-an.a°ƒ: Xn-h-cm-¥-bn¬ Im-Øp-\n-∂ tlm-an-tbm tUm-Iv-S¿ A\p-tamƒ(A\n-X hnIp-g-™p-ho-Wv a-cn-®p. AZym-e-bw), Bt‚m(A-\nX-hn-Zym-e-bw).kw-kv-Imbn-cq¿ tIm-‰m-Øq¿ s]-cpcw C-∂v D-®-I-gn™v 3\v º-tS-Øv tUm. am-Xyp a™-{] am¿ …o-hm tPm¨ (60) B-Wv a-cn-®s^m-tdm-\ ]-≈n sk-anXv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se tØ-cn-bn¬. 10.50\v ]-Ø-\w-Xn-´ H∂mw- ¢m-kv a-Pn-kv-t{S-‰v X-¼m³ -\m-bÀ tIm-S-Xn \-º¿ c-≠n-emIm-™-ßm-Sv: Pn-√m kbn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. l-I-c-W _m-¶v ap≥ UtIm-S-Xn tN-cp-∂-Xn-\v ]yq-´n P-\-d¬ am-t\-P¿ 10 an\ n‰ v apº mW v tUmI v S ¿ Ip-g-™p-ho-W-Xv. hnam-hp-¶m-en-se F Xºm≥ -\m-b¿ (77). `m-cy: h-c-a-dn-s™-Øn-b ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv C-±-l-sØ Bip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]m-sb-¶n-epw h-gn-aC-μn-c. a-°ƒ: A-timI≥ \-ºym¿ (Zp-_-bv), t[y a-cn-®p. `m-cy: sP-kn. a-°ƒ: c-Rv-Pn-\n, c-iv-an, c-ay. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n-tPm, Pn-\p. kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. c-ta-i≥ \-ºym¿.

BÀ N-{µ-ti-J-c³ sF.FÂ.H. `-c-W-k-an-Xn-bn-Â

A-an-X-]-en-i: B-dp-t]À-Iq-Sn A-d-ÌnÂ

]mÂ- skm-ssk-än-bn-se s]m-«n-s¯-dn: sS-Iv-\o-jy³ a-cn-¨p

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: sF-Iy-cm-{„k-`-°p Io-gn-se C‚¿-\m-j\¬ te-_¿ Hm¿-K-ss\-tkjs‚ -(sF.F¬.-H.) `-c-W-k-anXn-bn-te-°v sF.F-≥.Sn.bp.-kn kw-ÿm-\ {]-kn-U‚pw A-Jnte-¥ym ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚p-amb B¿ N-{μ-ti-J-c≥ Xn-c-s™Sp-°-s∏-´p. 185 Aw-K-cm-Py {]-Xn\n-[n-I-fn¬-\n-∂v A-Sp-Ø aq-∂ph¿-j-tØ-°p-≈ 56 Aw-K- `-cW-k-an-Xn-sb B-Wv P-\o-hbn¬ tN¿-∂ 103m-a-Xv sF.F¬.H. Iu¨-kn¬ tbmKw Xn-c-s™-Sp-Ø-Xv. 56 Aw-K- `-c-W-k-an-Xn-bn¬ 28 t]¿ Aw-K-cm-Py k¿-°m¿ {]Xn-\n-[n-I-fpw 14 t]¿ sXm-gn-ep-Sam {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fpw 14 t]¿ sXmgn-em-fn {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fp-am-Wv.

Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw: A-an-X] - e - n-ibv-°v ISw sIm-Sp-Øv \n-b-a-ewL-\w \-S-Øp-∂-h¿-s°-Xn-tcbp-≈ \-S-]-Sn-I-fp-sS `m-K-am-bn sNm-Δm-gv-N 181 sd-bv-Up-Iƒ \-SØn-b-Xm-bn kw-ÿm-\ -t]m-enkv ta-[m-hn A-dn-bn-®p. B-dpt]¿ ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. 16 tI-kp-Iƒ c-Pn-ÿ sN-bv-Xp. A-\-[n-Ir-Xam-bn kq-£n-® \n-ch - [ - n tc-JI - fpw 2,32,000¬-∏-cw cq-]-bpw Is≠-Sp-Øn-´p-≠v. C-tXm-sS C-Xp-hs - c-bm-bn \S-∂ 8580-te-sd sd-bv-Up-I-fn-embn 680- t]¿ ]n-Sn-bn-em-bn. 1213 tI-kp-Iƒ c-Pn-ÿ sN-bv-Xp. 3,98,00,000¬-∏-cw cq-]-bpw Is≠-Sp-Øp. h-cpw-Zn-h-k-ß-fnepw ]-cn-tim-[-\ Xp-S-cp-sa-∂v t]m-en-kv ta-[m-hn A-dn-bn-®p.

]-ø-∂q¿: sh-≈q-cn-se P-\-Xm ]m¬ skm-ssk-‰n-bp-sS kw-kvI-c-W tI-{μ-Øn-ep-≠m-b s]m´n-sØ-dn-bn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰ sS-Iv\o-jy≥ a-cn-®p. tIm-´-bw ap-≠°-bw ]p-©-h-b-en-se Np-≠-bv°¬ hn-iz-\m-Y-s‚ a-I≥ ]-flIpam¿ (48) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn™-am-kw c-≠n-\m-Wv tImƒUv kv-t‰m-td-Pn-te-°p-≈ Iw-{]k¿ kn-en-≠-¿ s]m-´n-sØ-dn-®v A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-b-Xv. A-]-I-SØn¬ c-≠p-t]¿-°v ]-cn-t°-‰ncp-∂p. F-d-Wm-Ip-f-sØ sk¬am¿-´v F≥-Pn-\o-b-dn-Mn-se sSIv-\o-jy-\m-b ]-fl-Ip-am¿ Iw{]-k¿ \-∂m-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bmWv A-]-I-S-ap≠m-b-Xv. ]-fl-Ipam-dn-s\-bpw ]m¬ skm-ssk-‰n-

sXm-gn-em-fn {]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fm-bn B-sI-bp-≈ 14 t]-cn¬ H-cm-fmbm-Wv N-{μ-ti-J-c≥ Xn-c-s™Sp-°-s∏-´-Xv. Pq¨ 12\v tN-cp-∂ Xn-c-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´ K-th-Wn-Mv t_m-Un-bp-sS {]-Y-a-tbm-K-Øn\p-ti-jw 13\v C-t±-lw C-¥ybn¬ Xn-cn-s®-Øpw.

A-\-[n-Ir-X a-Wn-sN-bn³ Øm-]-\-§Ä-s¡-Xn-tc-bpw IÀ-i-\ \-S-]-Sn: sN-¶n-¯-e Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Hm-]-tdj≥ Ip-t_-c-bp-sS `m-K-am-bn kw-ÿm-\-Øv A-\-[n-Ir-Xam-bn {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂ a-WnsN-bn≥ ÿm-]-\-߃-s°Xn-tc-bpw I¿-i-\\-S-]-Sn-sbSp-°p-sa-∂v B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n cta-iv sN-∂n-Ø-e. \n-b-a-hn-cp≤- a-Wn-sN-bn≥ ÿm-]-\-ßfp-sS {]-h¿-Ø-\-߃ \n-tcm[n-°p-sa-∂pw At±lw hm-¿Øm-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ hy-‡am-°n. Hm-]-td-j≥ Ip-t_-c-bn¬

8,375 sd-bv-Up-I-fn-eq-sS 4.56 tIm-Sn cq-] ]n-Sn-s®-Sp-Øp. CXn\p ]p-d-ta kz¿-W-hpw hn-tZi- I-d≥-kn-I-fpw hm-l-\-ßfpw hym-]-I-am-bn ]n-Sn-s®-SpØn-´p-≠v. 1,180 tI-kp-I-fm-Wv c-Pn-ÿ sN-bv-X-Xv. 670 t]-¿ A-d-Ãn-em-b-Xm-bpw sN-∂nØ-e A-dn-bn-®p. A-an-X-]-en-i Cu-Sm-°n P\-ß-sf _p-≤n-ap-´n-°p-∂ sIm-≈-∏-en-i-°m¿-s°-Xn-cmb Hm-]-td-j≥ Ip-t_-c i-‡am-bn Xp-S-cpw. Hm-]-td-j≥ Ip-

t_-c A-h-km-\n-∏n-°p-∂psh-∂ X-c-Øn-ep-≈ hm¿-ØIƒ A-Sn-ÿm-\- c-ln-X-am-Wv. Pn-√mX-e-Øn¬ t]m-en-kv kq{]-≠n-s‚-bpw t\m-U¬ Hm-^nk-dp-sS-bpw t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ ]cm-Xn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ A-Zm-e-Øp-Iƒ Cu- amkw ]q¿-Øn-bm-°pw. hm-l-\ß-fp-sS B¿.kn _p-°v CuSm-bn \¬-In ]-Ww X-´p-∂-h¿s°-Xn-cm-b \-S-]-Sn i-‡-am°p-sa-∂pw B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n ap∂-dn-bn∏p \¬In.

bn-se kq-∏¿-ssh-k¿ k-Xys\-bpw ]-cn-bm-cw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-thin-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. ]-fl-Ip-am-dn-s‚ ]n-∂o-Sv F-d-Wm-Ip-fw sa-Un°¬ sk‚-dn-te-°p am-‰n-bn-cp∂p. Chn-sS-h®v C-∂-se ]p-e¿s®-bm-Wv a-cWw.


Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2014-06-04