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thÀ-]mSv

KOCHI

22 am¿®v 2014 i\n

Kp-cp-h-bqÀ t£-{X-¯n ap³ Poh-\-¡m-c³ Ip-g-ªpho-Wv a-cn-¨p Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: Kp-cp-hm-bq-

B-an-\

A-¨m-a hÀ-Ko-kv

a-´m-t©-cn: Np-f-fn-°¬ aT-Øn¬-]-d-ºn¬ _m-hbp-sS `m-cy B-an-\ (78). a-°ƒ: lw-kp, A-ko-kv, lp-ssk≥, Cu-k, kpss_¿, km-Zn-Jv, A≥km¿, D-kv-am≥, \-ko-a, dw-e, l-b-dp-∂o-k, ssee, ko-\-Øv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: km-en-lv, A_p, A-ko-kv, \m-k¿, A-ko-kv, B-_n-Z, d-“Øv, d-ln-b, ku-Z, k\w, jm-Pn-en, \-Po-\, sdPn-e.

sIm-®n: tIm-X-aw-K-ew C-cp-a-e-∏-Sn C-cp-a (I¬∏n-ß-°p-Sn) ]-tc-Xm-b sI Fw h¿-Ko-kn-s‚ `mcy A-®m-a h¿-Ko-kv (81). a-°ƒ: a-Øm-bn, km-en, ta-cn, an-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sP-kn, t_-_n, G-en-bmkv, X-ºn.

Ko-X{io-aq-e-\-K-cw: ]p-en-{]Ip-‰n-°m-´v hn-P-b-hn-emk-Øn¬ c-ho-{μ-s‚ `mcy Ko-X(53).kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 10\p ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: {io-c-RvPn-\n, {io-e-£v-an.

cm-a³-a-Wn-bm-Wn

Ip-ªp-tam³

Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n \m-bÀ

ImÀ-¯ym-b-\n

ta-cn

]p-∂-bq¿-°p-fw: \mt°m-e Xq-º-\m-Øv ]-dºv X-®n-bn¬ Ip-™ptam≥ (83). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v. `m-cy: tZ-hp. a-°ƒ: hn-Pb≥, Kn-co-i≥, h¬-k-e, Pm-\-In, hn-em-kn-\n. a-cpa-°ƒ: _n-μp, {]-k-∂, kp-Ip-am-c≥, tam-l-\≥, in-h-cm-a≥.

h-S-°m-t©-cn: a-W-enØ-d Ip-c-s\-√q¿ ta-teºm-´v Ir-jv-W≥-Ip-´n \mb¿(90). hn-ap-‡ `-S-\mWv. kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 11\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b k-tcm-Pn-\n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: I-Æ-\p-Æn, ]-fl-Ip-am¿, cp-{Z-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: te-J, kp-[, {io-te-J.

sh-¶n-S-ßv: ]-tc-X-\m-b sh-¶n-S-ßn¬ X-´m≥ DÆn `m-cy Im¿-Øym-b-\n (80). a-°ƒ: tam-l-\≥, Ko-X, tim-`-\, t{]-a-Ipam¿, k-Po-hv-Ip-am¿, ]-tcX-cm-b A-P-b≥, an-\n. acp-a-°ƒ: Kn-cn-P, an-\n, cp‹m-\-μ≥, hm-kp tZh≥, Z-bm-\-μv, \n-j, ssj-tamƒ.

]m-h-d-´n: ]m-ep-hm-bv tdm-Un¬ X-c-I≥ ]-d©p-Ip-´n `m-cy ta-cn(73). kw-kv-I-mcw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v ]m-h-d-´n sk‚ v tPm-k-^v Xo¿-∞ tI-{μ sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: B‚-Wn, jm-Pn, tPmk-^v, jm-_p, kp-an. a-cpa-°ƒ: jo-e, sS- n, sP n, sP-bv-k¨.

A-ÐpÄ d-Òm³-Ip-«n -

ssh-im-Jv

ao-\m-£n-b-½

s]cp-ºm-hq¿: d-tbm¨]p-cw A-ºm-S≥ _ocm≥ a-I≥ A-–pƒd“m≥-Ip-´n (75) `m-cy: JZo-P. a-°ƒ: an-{in-b, Bkm-Zv, k\n-X. a-cp-a° - ƒ: Ip-™p-ap-lΩ - Z- v, jn-Pn, A-–pƒ J - m-Z¿.

X-e-°p-f-Øq¿: ]-d-ºØv _-km-dn-\p k-ao-]w ]m-e-∏-d-º-Øv ssh-imJ-Øn¬ ssh-im-Jv (24). ]nXmhv: {]-`m-Ic≥ (Ir-jv-W sS-Iv-Ãbn¬-kv ]-d-º-Øv). amXmhv: D-jm-Ip-am-cn.

s]-cn-tßmw: I-Smw-Ip∂n-se In-g-°-bn¬ ao\m-£n-b-Ω (82). `¿Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b KwKm-[-c ]-Wn-°¿. a-°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ω, cm-P-ti-Jc≥, cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥, cm-tP-{μ {]-km-Zv.

lp-kbv³- lm-Pn

h-S-t°-°-c: ]m-ey-Øpcp-Øv I-c-bn¬ ]-\-b-∏pd-Øv ho-´n¬ _n-\p-hns‚ `m-cy an-\n(38).

s]-cn-tßmw: h-ßm-Sv NmØ≥-]m-db - n-se sI ]n A-Pn-Ip-am¿ (59). N-ß\ - m-t»-cn-bn-se ]-tcX-\m-b ]p-cp-tjm-Øa - s‚-bpw k-tcm-Pn-\n-bp-sSbpw a-I\ - m-Wv. `m-cy: kpa-Xn. a-°ƒ: kp-\n-X, AtP-jv. a-cp-a° - ƒ: k-Pn, cm-Pn-I.

Ip-≠w-Ip-gn: ssI-cf - n∏m-d sN-dp-Im-\s - Ø cma≥-aW - n-bm-Wn (90). `mcy: I-Ωm-SØ - p-AΩ - . a°ƒ: \m-cm-bW - n, Iu-key, Ir-jvW - ≥, A-timI≥, tKm-]n-\m-Yv , cm-[, hn-Pb - ≥ , Zm-£m-bW - n. a-cp-a° - ƒ: tI-fp-aW - n-bmWn, im-¥, ]p-jv] - e - X - , im-¥, \m-cm-bW - ≥, kPn-X, c-ho-{μ≥.

Sn sI {io\- nh- m-k³

B-en-kv

Pm-\-In-b-½

cm-Po-hv

cm-P-³ \m-bÀ

N-{µ-Ip-am-cn-b-½

{]-k-¶-Ip-amÀ

tIm-g-t©-cn: sN-dp-tIm¬ ]p-Xp-∏-d-ºn¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Pm-\-Inb-Ω( 91 ). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 11\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: {io-[c≥ \m-b¿ (_mw-•q¿), Kw-Km-[-c≥ \m-b¿, ]p-cptjm-Ø-a≥ \m-b¿, Hm-a\, X-¶-°p-´≥ \m-b¿, tam-l≥-Zm-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: `m-\p-a-Xn-b-Ω (_mw•q¿), e-Xmw-_n-I, c-a (_mw-•q¿), tam-l-\-N-{μ]-Wn-°¿, c-a-Wn.-

a-√-∏-≈n: Ip-gn-a-Æn¬ Ip-™p-tam-s‚ a-I≥ cmPo-hv(42). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 11\v ]-cn-bmcw sk‚ v B≥-{Uq-kv am¿-tØm-a ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: F-gpa-‰q¿ ]p-Ø≥-]-d-ºn¬ tN-∂w-Ip-gn-bn-¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw kn-\p. a-I≥: dn\p.

hm-bv-]q-cv: A-cn-b≥ ap-dnbn¬ hn ]n cm-P-≥ \m-b¿ (X-¶-®≥-˛67). `m-cy: cmP-Ω. a-°ƒ: k-Xn, e-Xn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-[p-\m-b¿, F-kv P-b-N-{μ≥.-

am-∂m¿: Ip-´-tº-cq¿ tlm-an-tbm B-ip-]-{Xn hm¿-Un¬ sh-®q¿ h-St°-Xn¬ ho-´n¬ ta-P¿ ]-tc-X-\m-b hn ]n D-ÆnIr-jv-W-]n-≈-bp-sS `mcy kn B¿ N-{μ-Ip-am-cnb-Ω (67). am-th-en-°-c I-≠n-bq¿ K-h. bp.]n.Fkv. dn-´. {]-[m-\m-[ym-]nI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. sN-´n-Ip-fß-c t]-f N-{μ-`-h-\n¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a°ƒ: {io-I-e (A-[ym-]nI), {io-Pn-Øv (ssl°u-≠v I-º-\n). a-cp-a°ƒ: kn l-cn-Ip-am¿ (Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ tZ-hkzw t_m¿-Uv Hm-^n-kv), im-¥n-Ir-jv-W≥ (\mb¿ k-am-Pw t_m-bv-kv ssl-kv-Iqƒ).

A-º-e-∏p-g: F-S-Xz tKmhn-μ-dmw `-h-\n¬ ]-tc-Xcm-b C-c-´ ssh-Zy≥ tKmhn-μ cm-a≥-˛ Pm-\-In Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ {]-k-∂Ip-am¿ (56). `m-cy: {io-tZhn. G-I-a-Iƒ: {io-{]n-b.

an-\n

A-Pn-Ip-amÀ

tIm-g-t©-cn: sX-t°-aXn-cp-h√ - : sN-ß∂ - q¿ F-kv.F≥.Un.]n bq-\n- e ]p-tØ-Øv sIm-®n-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI Fw b≥ ap≥ {]-kn-U‚pw am-Øp-Æn-bp-sS `m-cy Zo¿-LI - m-ew Xn-cp-aq-e(sIm-®p-Æp-Æn-) B-en]p-cw F-kv.F≥.hn kv( 84 ). kw-kv-Im-cw Cssl-kI v- qƒ sl-Ua v- mÃ-dp-am-bn-cp-∂ Xn-cp-aq-e- ∂v D-®-bv°v 12.-30\v tIm]p-cw tXm-´° - m-´v c-am \n- g-t©-cn sk‚ v tXm-ahm-kn¬ Sn sI {io-\nkv am¿-tØm-Ωm ]-f-fnhm-k≥ (90). kw-kI v- mskan-tØcnbn¬. ]-tccw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11.30\v X tIm-g-t©-cn sh-≈mho-´p-hf - ∏ - n¬. td-Øv t]-cq-°m-´v a-e1970I-fp-sS Xp-S° - bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amØn¬ sN-ß∂ - q¿ FWv. a-°ƒ: {]-km-Zv, ‰nkv.F≥.Un.]n bq-\n‰n, jm-Pn, Nm¿-fn, sImb≥ {]-kn-U‚ v, ]n-∂o-Sv ®p-tam≥, ssj-emXn-cp-h√ - F-kv.F≥.tamƒ.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-: -tdmUn.]n bq-\n-b≥ ÿmk-Ω, \m≥-kn, B-\n, ]-I {]-kn-U‚ v, F-kv.en-kn, Pn-\n, sP-kv-en ]F≥.Un.]n tbm-Kw U\-th-en.b-dI - Sv- ¿ t_m¿-Uv AwKw, F-kv.F≥. {S-Ãv t_m¿-Uw-Kw, tI-cf - kvt‰-‰v k¿-ho-kv s]≥-jt\-gk v- v bq-\n-b≥ kwÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰n-bw-Kw, Pn√m ssh-kv {]-kn-U≥-dv, sse-{_-dn Iu¨-kn¬ Xm-eq-°v ssh-kv {]-knU‚ v, Xn-cp-aq-e] - p-cw alm-Xa v- m-Km-‘n kva - m-cI {K-Ÿim-em {]-kn-U‚ v `hm-\n-b-½ F-∂o \n-eI - f - n¬ {]-h¿- tN¿-Ø-e: \-K-c-k-` Øn-®n-´p-≠v. F12˛mw hm¿-Uv ]p-Ø≥kv.F≥.hn ssl-kI v- qƒ ]p-c-bv-°¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sl-Ua v- m-Ãd - m-bn 27 h¿- X-¶-∏≥ ]n-≈-bp-sS `mjw tk-h\ - a-\p-jvTn-®p. cy `-hm-\n-b-Ω (73) \n{io-aq-ew {]-Pm-k`- mw-Kcym-X-bm-bn. am-bn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X\ - m-b kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. hm-eb - n¬ sIm-®p-Ipa-°ƒ: tk-Xp-`m-bn(-A™v ssh-Zy-cp-sS a-I\ - m- [ym-]n-I \o-e-Kn-cn),-hnWv. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b P-b-Ip-am¿,-kn-‘p-`msI. c-am-`m-bn. (dn-´. hnbn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-\n-hmZym-`ym-k sU-]yq-´n Uk≥(-F-F-kv-sF,s\-Spb-dI - Sv- ¿). ap-Sn),-P-b-{in,-]-tc-X-\ma-°ƒ: {]-^. an-\n {iob hn-izw-`-c≥. \n-hm-k≥ (tZ-hk - zw t_m¿-Uv ]-ºm tIm-fP - v A-l-½-Z-I v p-«n ]-cp-ae - ), am-b (Xn-cp-h\ - - F-S° - c - : X-Æn-°S- h - n¥-]p-cw Pn-√m k-lI - c - se h-St- °-ßc - A-lΩ - W _m-¶v im-J sh-ºmZvI - p-´n (72). `m-cy-: D-Ωpbw), ao-cm cm-P≥ (am¿Ip¬-kp. tØm-a d-kn-U≥-jy¬ kvI - qƒ, Xn-cp-h√ - ), tc-J, A-Pn-Xv {io-\n-hm-k≥ (_yq-tdm No-^v, am-[y-aw, sIm-√w). a-cp-a° - ƒ: Fw sI i-in-[c - ≥ (dn-´. FIvk - n-Iyq-´o-hv Hm-^n-k¿, Pn-√m k-lI - c - W - _m-¶v ]-Ø\ - w-Xn-´), A-Uz. Fw tam-l\ - ≥, F≥ Un cm-P≥, F ]n tam-l≥kw-kv-Ir-X ]-Wv-Un-X³ Zm-kv, sI F-kv kp-teF -sI -hm-kp J (A-[ym-]n-I, Sn.Un. Ip-a-c-Iw: kw-kvIr-Xl-b¿-sk-°≥-Ud - n kv]-Wv-Un-X-\pw Im-hy-kpIqƒ B-e∏ - p-g). c-`n A-£-c-t«m-I k-Z v Aw-K-hp-am-bn-cp-∂ t_-_nG-eq¿: Ip-‰n-°m-´p-Ic - ]- ]-fl-hn-em-k-Øn¬ F tc-X\m-b hn-ap-‡`- S- ≥ sI -hm-kp (92). kw-kvdm-tl-en-s‚ `m-cy t_Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10 _n(83). \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-Ωn-Wn. hÀ-Ko-kv a-°ƒ: ]n -]n -Nn-Zw-_Im-´n-°p-fw: I-√p-hm-Xp- c≥, k-tcm-P-\n, N-{μ≥, °¬ tPm-Wn-bp-sS ah-¬k-Ω, im-¥-Ω, kpI≥ Im-´n-°p-f-sØ td- tZ-h≥, Ip-™p-tamƒ, j≥I-S hym-]m-cn-bm-b sse-e-Ω, ]-tc-X-\m-b csI ]n h¿-Ko-kv (khn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-io-e, Æn˛44). kw-kv-Im-cw {]n-bw-h-Z, cm-P≥, i-in, ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v tkm-^n, ]n F-kv c-Lp, sk‚ v ]o-t‰-gv-kv ]-≈n i-in ]-d-ºn¬, ]-tc-Xsk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. \m-b hn-izw-`-c≥.

A-Ðp-Ã-¡p-«n F-S∏ - mƒ: ]-¥m-hq¿ Ihp-ßn¬ A-–p-√° - p-´n (Ip-™n-am≥ ˛65).

\-Sh - b - ¬: am-\¥ - h - m-Sn s{]m-hn≥-kv, kn.-Fw.kn k-`mw-Ka - m-b kn sa-‰n¬U (75). k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ A-∂° - p-´n tPm-k^ - v, ta-cn sk-_m-Ãy≥, kn tPm-kve - n-b ta-cn kn.Fw.-kn. \-Sh - b - ¬.

Xn-cp-Øn-°m-Sv: Nn-d-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b kn hn tPm¿Pn-s‚ `m-cy Nn-∂-Ω (94). a-°ƒ: eo-em-Ω, en-kn, tam≥-kn (A-[ym-]-I≥, hm-bv ]q-cv ap-l-Ω-Z≥ kvIqƒ) ]-tc-X-bm-b Ip™p-tamƒ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn Fw X-ºn, Sn sP kmap-th¬, am-Xyp sI Nmt°m, km-en. ]-tc-X ]-cnbm-cw ]m-e-aq-´n¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv.

kp-tc-{µ³ am-ln: a-ßm-Sv N-t{μmØv Xm-sg Ip-\n-bn¬ Sn sI kp-tc-{μ≥ (50). ]tc-X\ - m-b hn-ap-‡ `-S≥ Ip-™n-°Æ - s - ‚-bpw Iu-ke - y-bp-sS-bpw a-I\m-Wv. `m-cy: ]-fln-\n. a°ƒ: kp-c\ - y, i-cW - y, kva - n-Øv. a-cp-aI - ≥: cPn¬. k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: kp-tc-jv (apw-ss_), kp[.

hm-S-I ho-«n bp-h-Xn Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

bp-h-Xn- B-ß-l-Xy sN-bv-Xp

\nÀ-am-Ws¯m-gn-em-fn s{S-bn³X-«n a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

a-dn-b-½ tk-hyÀ

tPmÀ-Pp-Ip-«n

A-¶-½

Nm-t¡m

Ip-∂-¥m-\w: N-°pw-aq´n¬ a-e-bn¬ tPm¿-Pp-Ip´n (]o-‰¿˛ 55). `m-cy: tacn-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: tPm-_n, tPm-Pn, tPm-an. a-cp-a-I≥: {]-km-Zv-. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v ]-{¥-≠n-\v h-≈-a-e sk-ln-tbm≥ Hm¿-ØtUm-Œ-kv ]-≈n-bn¬.

Nm-em-∏-≈n: ta-Øm-\w Nn-‰q¿ tPm-k-^v Nmt°m-bp-sS `m-cy A-∂-Ω (66). a-°ƒ: k-Pn, Pn-Pn, d-Pn (Ip-ssh-Øv), tPmPn, en-Pp, jm-Pn, tkm-Pn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B≥-kn, tj¿-fn, an-ln-X, Pn-\p. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 11.30\v sh-´n-° ]p-c-bn-Sw sk‚ v sk-_m-Ãy≥ ItØm-en-°m -]-≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. ]-tc-X s\-Spw-Ip-∂w tXm-ºnbn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv.

ap-°q¿: h-S-h-∏-Sn ]-\-®n°¬ h-´-t»-cn¬ X-S-Øn¬ Nm-t°m Nm-t°m (]m∏-®≥˛ 87). `m-cy: a-dn-bmΩ Ip-∂-¥m-\w tX-°\m-s]m-bv-I-bn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: A®-≥-Ip-™v, t_-_n-®≥, eo-em-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sFhn, Pm≥-kn, tdm-bn.

a-½q-«n \m-emw-ssa-¬: sI-√q-¿ Im-´n-®n-d-°-¬ a-l-√nse Pp-ap-A-Øv ]-≈n ap≥-Im-e ap-A-±n-\m-b tN°v a-Ωq-´n (65). `m-cy: ]m-Øpsh-´-≥. a-°-ƒ: k-^q-d, A-–p-√. a-cp-a°-ƒ: ssd-lm-\-Øv ]pfn-™m-¬. ssk-\p-±o-≥ I-c-Wn.

A-¼p Ip-≠w-Ip-gn: tIm-´h - b - en-se F-kv sI A-ºp (74). a-°ƒ: P-bd- mw, P-be-£va - n, k-ck - z-Xn, KtWjv, {]-km-Zv.

km-dm-½

A-¶-½ hÀ-¡n

ap-´-∏-≈n: ap-´-∏-≈n s\√n-aq-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Nm≠n-bp-sS `m-cy km-dm-Ω (94). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v c≠n-\v ap-°q-´p-X-d Ak≥-j≥ am¿-tØm-Ωm ]-≈n- sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ : tXm-a-kv-Ip-´n, X¶-®≥, tam-\n-®≥, Ip™q-™-Ω, X-¶-Ω. a-cpa-°ƒ : X-¶-Ω, sIm-®ptamƒ, tam-fn, kv-I-dn-b, ]-tc-X-\m-b Cu-∏≥.

Xn-S-\m-Sv: I-tcm-´p-]pt≈m-en¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI kn h¿-°n-bp-sS `mcy A-∂-Ω (85). kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn. ]-tc-X ss]-I Xq-°p-gn-bn¬ IpSpw-_m-Kw. a-°ƒ: ta-cn, A-∏-®≥, X-¶-®≥, tdmk-Ω, kq-k-Ω, tdm-bn. acp-a-°ƒ: Nm-t°m-®≥, ta-cn, en-√n-kv, B-K-kv‰n≥, tXm-a-kv, Pm≥-kn.

\m-cm-b-W s]m-Xp-hmÄ

I-cp-h-©m¬: hm-bm-´p]-d-ºn-se B-Zy-Im-e IpSn-tb-‰ I¿-j-I≥ ]q-∏n≈n¬ B-K-kv-Xn (]m-∏®≥-˛85). `m-cy: c-b-tcmw sIm-®p-∏-d-ºn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw I-{Xo-\.

]-ø∂ - q¿: A-∂q¿ ]-Sn™m-sd I-cb - n-se ap≠y-Øv \m-cm-W s]m-Xphmƒ (78). tIm-tdmw kztZ-in-bm-Wv. `m-cy: Im¿Xym-b\ - n.

]n sI tIm-b au-em-\ BÀ-P-h-ap-Å ]-Þn-X³: C-amw-kv Iu¬-kn Xn- c p- h - \ - ¥ - ] p- c w: k- a q- l Øn¬ \n-∂v A-{]-Xy-£-am-bns°m- ≠ n- c n- ° p- ∂ B¿- P - h - a p≈ ]-fin-X-cn¬ D-∂-X ÿm\o- b - \ m- W v A- ¥ - c n- ® ]n sI tIm-b au-em-\-sb-∂v Hmƒ C¥ym C- a mw- k v Iu¨- k n¬ kw-ÿm-\ k-an-Xn A-\p-kv-acn-®p. {]- X n- k - ‘ n L- ´ - ß - f n- ¬ , {]- t Xy- I n- ® v ]q- ¥ p- d t]m- e p≈ {]-tZ-i-Øv k-ap-Zm-b-sØ ap- ∂ n¬ \n- ∂ v \- b n- ° p- I - b pw Zn- i m- t _m- [ w \¬- I p- I - b pw sN- b v - X ]- fi n- X - \ m- W v Ct±lw. `-c-W-kn-cm tI-{μ-amb Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-c-Øv A-c- \q‰m≠n- e - [ n- I w {]- i - k v - X - a m- b H-cp ÿm-]-\-Øn-s‚-bpw a-l√n-s‚-bpw A-a-c-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-

sa-änÂ-U

Nn-¶-½

a-¶-S: sh-≈n-e tN-dq¿ lp-kbv≥ lm-Pn (67). `mcy: a-dn-bp-Ω. a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv, A-_q-_-°¿, DΩ¿ (Pn-±), A-–p-√, djo-Zv, d-^o-Jv, dq-_n-b, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A∫m-kv, sam-bv-Xp.

¿ t£-{X-Øn¬ D-¬k-h]-I¿-® hm-ßm-s\-Ønb tZ-h-kzw ap≥ Po-h-\°m-c≥ Ip-g-™pho-Wv a-cn-®p. Xn-cp-sh-¶n-Sw lhn-P-b-\m-Y ]-Wn-¡À cn-\n-hm-kn¬ in-h-i-¶-ca-Wn-a-e: X-®-cn-°¬ aT- ≥ \m-b-cm-Wv(67) a-cn-®Øn¬ Sn sI hn-P-b-\mXv. cm-hn-se F-´v a-WnY ]-Wn-°¿ (54). F≥.tbm-sS ]-Sn-™m-sd \-SF-kv.F-kv. s]m≥-Ip-∂- bn¬ ]-I¿-® hm-ßm≥ w Xm-eq-°v bq-\n-b≥ `-cW-k-an-Xn Aw-Kw, X-®-cn- \n¬-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Ip-g-™pho-W C-t±-l-sØ `Iv-X-cpw Po-h-\-°m-cpw tN¿-∂v tZ-h-kzw sa-Un-°¬ °¬ {io-`-{Z-Im-fn t£sk‚-dn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®n{Xw tZ-h-kzw {]-kn-U‚ v, tN-\-∏m-Sn ]q-X-°p-gn cp-∂p. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se F-´n-\v Kp-cp-hm{io-Ir-jv-W-kzm-an- t£- bq¿ \-K-c-k-` hm-X-I iv-a-im-\-Øn¬. `m-cy: cp-‹Wn (am-t\-P¿, Kp-cp-hm-bq¿ t£-{Xw). a-°ƒ: l-cn{Xw `-c-W-k-an-Xn I-ho\¿, B-e-{] {io-`-{Z ]-S- \m-cm-b-W≥ (Zp-ss_), l-cn-{]-km-Zv (jm¿-P). a-cpb-Wn-kw-Lw ap-Jy ca-°ƒ: {]-ho-W, Zo-]v-Xn. £m-[n-Im-cn, B-e-{] 976˛mw \-º¿ F≥.F-kv.F-kv. I-c-tbm-Kw {]-knU‚ v, bq-\n-b≥ {]-Xn-\n[n, B¿.F-kv.F-kv ]m-h-d-´n: bp-h-Xn-sb hm-S-I ho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n_u-≤n-I {]-ap-Jv F-∂-o e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. tk-ew tIm-´m-ta-Sv sh-ßq¿ kz\n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n´p-≠v. `m-cy: iym-a-fm-tZ- tZ-in i-¶-dn-s‚ `m-cy tZ-hn(20)sb-bm-Wv Im-°-t»hn a-√-∏-f-fn ]-Sp-tXm-Sv ]- cn hn-Zy-hn-lm¿ kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]-ap-≈ C-e-h-{¥ ad-ºq-cn-√-Øv Ip-Spw-_mw- t\m-l-c-s‚ D-S-a-ÿ-X-bn-ep-≈ hm-S-I Izm-t´-gvkn¬ C-∂-se cm-hn-se G-tgm-sS- Xq-ßn-b \n-eKw. a-°ƒ: hn-\o-X, i¿bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. Ωn-f. a-cp-a-I≥: a-t\m-Pv D-S≥ ]m-h-d-´n km≥-tPm-kv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se(]n-®-\m-´ tIm-´m-߬). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v c-≠nØn-®p-sh-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®n-cp-∂p. sI-´n-S \p ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. \n¿-am-W sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-b i-¶-dpw Ip-Spw-_-hpw ]Øp h¿-j-am-bn-´v tI-c-f-Øn-ep-≠v. aq-∂p h¿-jw apA-½n-Wn A-e-Iv-km-−À ºm-Wv Im-°-t»-cn-bn-se hm-S-I-ho-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. tIm-g-t©-cn: am-cm-a¨ X-´mw-]m-d-bv-°¬ ]-tc-X- ]m-h-d-´n t]m-en-kv ÿ-e-sØ-Øn ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv-‰p-am¿-´-Øn-\p ti\m-b ]n Sn A-e-Iv-kmjw \m-´n-se-Øn-®v kw-kv-°-cn-°pw. a-°ƒ: tKm≠-dp-sS `m-cy A-Ωn-Wn A-e-Iv-km-≠¿(87). kw- Ip¬, \n-[o-jv. kv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v ap-∂n-\v am-cm-a¨ am¿s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: bp-h-Xn-sb ho-Sn-\-I-Øv Xo-sIm-fptØm-Ωm ]-≈n- sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. ]-tc-X I-cn- Øn B-fl-l-Xy sN-bv-X \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. sh°m-´q¿ A-ºm-´v tXm-´tßm-e I-º-\n-∏-Sn kz-tZ-in l-cn-Zm-kv `-h-\n¬ lØn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amcn-Zm-kn-s‚ `m-cy kp-I-\y (36)sb-bm-Wv tZ-l-Øv aWv. a-°ƒ: tXm-a-kv AsÆ-Æ-sbm-gn-®v Xo-sIm-fp-Øn B-fl-l-Xy sN-bve-Iv-km-≠¿, tP-°-_v X \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. ho-´n-\-I-Øv\n-∂p ]qA-e-Iv-km-≠¿, ta-cn ^n- ´n-b \n-e-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p hm-Xn¬-. Ip-Spw-_ h-g-°men-∏v, em-en am-Xyp. a-cp-a°ƒ: -sU-bv-kn, A-\o-\, hmw a-c-W-Im-c-W-sa-∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. a-I≥: tPm-k-^v ^n-en-∏v, tam-\- {io-l-cn. ®≥.

∂n- ´ pw A- [ n- I m- c nh¿- K - h p- a mbn A-I-ew ]m-en-°p-I-bpw ]fin-X-s‚ am-Xr-I Im-Øp-kq£n- ° p- I - b pw sN- b v - X C- t ±lw k- a pZm- b - Ø n- s ‚ G- I - X bv - ° p- t h- ≠ n \n- e - s Im- ≈ p- I bpw `n- ∂ - X - b p- s S kz- c - ß - s f i- ‡ - a m- b n \n- c m- I - c n- ° p- I bpw sN- b v - X p. k- a p- Z m- b - Ø ns‚- b pw k- a p- Z m- b t\- X r- X zØn-s‚-bpw im-‡o-I-c-W {ia-߃-°v I-e-h-d-bn-√m-Ø ]n¥p-W-bm-Wv A-t±-lw \¬-Inb-Xv. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ hn-tbm-Kw ap-kv-enw k-ap-Zm-b-Øn-\v \n-IØm-\m-hm-Ø hn-S-hm-Wv kr„n-®-sX-∂pw Hmƒ C-¥ym Camw- k v Iu¨- k n- ¬ kw- ÿ m\ k-an-Xn A-`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p.

B-K-k-vXn

^m-¯n-a kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: ]m-π-t»-cn-bn-se ]-tc-X\m-b tIm-tbm-cn ho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy ^m-Øn-a (85). a-°ƒ: aq-k, e-Øo-^v, ap-kv-X^, k-eow, ssk-\-_, dw-e, ]-tc-X-bm-b Bbni.

A-ta-cn-¡-bn \n-cym-X-\m-bn ap-´p-Nn-d: sIm-´m-c-Øn¬ sIm-t®-´-s‚ a-I≥ tPmkv (66) A-ta-cn-°-bn-se ^n-em-U¬-^n-b-bn¬ \ncym-X-\m-bn. kw-kv-Im-cw ^n-em-U¬^n-b-bn¬ sk‚ v tXm-a-kv ko-tdm a-e-_m¿-]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ta-cn B-bmw-Ip-Sn Im-em-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: tUm-an (bp.F-kv.F), tUm-fn ( Zp-_m-bv). a-cp-a°ƒ: F-an-en≥ ]p-Xp-∏d-ºn¬ Ip-a-c-Iw, D-Ω®≥ an-{X-°-cn.

ssk-X-e-hn Kq-U-√q¿: A-Øn-]m-fn ssk-X-e-hn (54). `m-cy: ^m-Xzn-a.

Im-hm-ew: In-g-t°-tN∂w-I-cn an-{X-°-cn I-h-ebv-°¬ sI kn tk-hy-dns‚ (A-∏-®≥) `m-cy a-dnb-Ω tk-hy¿ (79). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v Im-hm-ew sk‚ v sX-tc-km-kv ]≈n-bn¬. ]-tc-X sh-fn-b{io-Pn-¯v am-Xyp \m-Sv sa-Xn-°-fw Ip-Spw\qd \ mS v : a‰ ∏ ≈ n {iotIm-g-t©-cn: B-d-∑p-f _mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: IphnZ ym` h \ Ø n¬ tKm] nXm-a-c-t»-cn aT-Øn¬ Sn ™p-tam≥ ({_-Z¿ sN-dn\m-Y≥ ]n-≈-bp-sS-bpw Sn am-Xyp (D-Æn-Ip-™v bm≥ I-h-e-bv-°¬ ˛ ˛92). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o- iym-a-f-bp-sS-bpw a-I≥ {io-Pn-Øv (29). k-tlm-Z- t]m-´ Un-ssh≥ Sow AwSv. `m-cy: No-°-\m¬ taKw, Imw-tIm A-Ømcn: {io-hn-Zy. k-tlm-Z-cn te-Xn¬ em-en. a-°ƒ: Wn), F-¬-k-Ω k-Æn `¿Ø mh v : cX oj v . cm-P-Ω, s]m-∂-Ω, Hm-a(tIm-kv-tam s]m-fn-‰≥ \, Ip-™q-™-Ω, kqB-ip-]-{Xn, Xn-cp-h-\-¥C{ _ml ow kn, km-en, k-t¥m-jv. a- D-cp-h-®m¬: a-W-°m-bn ]p-cw), Ip-™p-tamƒ, cp-a-°ƒ: -Ip-™p-tam≥ , sIm-®p-t{X-kym-Ω, BX-¶-®≥, tPm-bn, tIm-in, Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv ap≥ {]-kn- \n-Ω, P-bnw-kp-Ip-´n (ayqU‚pw tIm¨{ Kk v t\k-Æn, jm-Pn, kp-an.kn-Iv hn-`m-Kw ˛-UnXm-hp-am-b a-W-°m-bn ssh≥, jm¿-P), dm-Wn kd o\ m a≥k ne n¬ ]n cm-L-h³ (ap-Øq-‰v ^n≥-tIm¿-∏v, ]n C-{_m-low (65). dn]-ø-∂q¿: ku-Øv s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c), kp-teF¬.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\-Sp-Ø kv-hm-\ _-kv D-S-a-bmjv (sk‚ v ta-co-kv F-®vsI hn cm-L-h≥ (65). `m- Wv. `m-cy: kn ]n kp-lF-kv-F-kv, N-º-°p-fw). d. a° ƒ: dk mJ v , dmk ncy: c-am-h-Xn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tam-fn-Ω h-Sa-°ƒ: _n-μp (A-[ym-]n- Jv (Zp-_-bv), d-jo-Z, it°-°p-‰v (a-t©-cn), kI), _o-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm- °o-e, k-do-\, dn-kv-hmÆn-®≥ (hn-ap-‡-`-S≥) \ (Zp-_-bv). P-ti-J-c≥. tN-∏n-e ]p-Ø≥-]-d-ºv (cm-a-¶-cn), Pn-Ωn-®≥ aW-te¬ (a-W-em-Sn), tPm¿-Pv-Ip-´n C-e-™n°¬ (Ip-∂-¶-cn), Pn-Ωn®≥ Nn-d-Ø-d (am-ºp-g-°cn), _o-\ \m-ev-]-Ø©n¬ (F-S-Xz), kv-‰p-h¿´v (_n-kn-\-kv, s\-øm‰n≥-I-c), jm-Pn Nm-W-I°-fw (ssI-\-I-cn).

A-¶m-½ tIm-in

bp.-F-Ên \n-cym-X-\m-bn

C-e-¥q¿: Xm-g-bn¬ IpSpw-_mw-K-am-b I-√q-]m-eØn-¶¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI Sn tIm-in-bp-sS `m-cy A∂m-Ω tIm-in(97). kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf ssh-Io-´v ap-∂n-\v sk‚ v tXm-a-kv am¿-tØm-am ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. ta-ap-dn-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a°ƒ: tIm-in tXm-a-kv, A-∂-Ω im-ap-th-¬, tUm. A-e-Iv-km-≠¿ tIm-in(sk-©z-dn tlmkv-]n-‰¬), am-Xyp tImin, k-J-dn-bm tIm-in, G-{_-lmw tIm-in. a-cp-a°-ƒ: A-∂-Ω tXm-a-kv, kn Fw im-ap-th¬, ta-cn A-e-Iv-km-≠¿, tam-fn am-Xyp, tam≥-kn k-J-dnbm, sU-kv-en.

sa-cn-em‚ v: sN-ß-∂q¿ sIm-gp-h-√q¿ Io-cn-°m-Sv h-en-b-]-d-ºn¬ sI sI Ip-cp-hn-f(X-¶-®≥-˛83) bp.-F-kv.-F-. sa-cn-em‚n¬ \n-cym-X-\m-bn. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-{Xn F-´n-\v bp.-F-kv.-F. _m¬-‰n-tam¿ am¿-tØma ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬. `m-cy: tIm-´-bw Im-™nc-∏-≈nbn¬ Ip-Spw-_mwKw a-dn-bm-Ω. a-°ƒ: tUm. A-tim-Iv, tUm. B-\-μv, tUm. APn-Øv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tUm. sP-kn, tUm. kq-k≥, tUm. ko-am.

B-ep-h: sa-t{Sm sd-bn¬ \n¿-am-W sXm-gn-em-fn-sb s{S-bn≥X-´n a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. ]-›n-a _w-Kmƒ kz-tZ-in-bm-b B-jn-Jv Nn-‡m-dn-s‚ aI≥ hn-iz-Pn-Xv (27)s\-bm-Wv C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® s{Sbn≥ X-´n a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ B-ep-h A-ºm-´v Im-hn-\p k-ao-]w sd-bn¬-th- {Sm-°n¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. G-sd \m-fm-bn sIm-®n sa-t{Sm sd-bn-¬ \n¿amW tPm-en sN-bv-Xph-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Xm-a-k-ÿ-eØv\n-∂p h-cp-∂ h-gn-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw \-S-∂-sX-∂v kw-i-bn-°p-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw B-ep-h Pn-√m B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ t]m-Ãp-am¿-´w \-S-Øn-b-Xn-\v ti-jw _‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´v sIm-Sp-Øp.

s]m-Å-te-äp Nn-In-Âk-bn-en-cp-¶ho-«-½- a-c-n¨p-

aq-e-a-‰w-: Xo-s∏m-≈-te‰p Nn-In-¬k-bn-em-bn-cp∂- ho-´-Ω- a-c-W-a-S-™p. ]-{XG-P-‚ v Ip-f-am-hv N°pw- aq-´n¬- k-Æn-bp-sS`m-cy- ta-gv-kn- (39) B-Wv a-c-W-a-S-™-Xv. I-gn-™H-º-Xn-\v ho-´n¬- ]m-NIw- sN-øp-tºmƒ a-sÆÆH-gn-®v Xo- I-Øn-°p∂-Xn-\n-sS km-cn-bn¬- ]S-¿-∂p]n-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿-∂v F-d-Wm-Ip-fØp kz-Im-cy- B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-¬- {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂se- a-c-W-a-S-™p. kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v Ip-f-am-hv sk‚ v ta-co-kv ]-≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. ]-tc-X- sN-dptXm-Wn- I-f-{X-h-b¬- Ip-Spw-_m-Kw-. a-°-ƒ:- tkm-\p, k-©p.

ap-dn-¡p-¶-Xn-\n-sS acw ho-Wv sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-¨p

G-gw-Ip-fw: a-cw ap-dn-°p∂-Xn-\n-sS h-S-Øn¬-\n∂p ]n-Sn-hn-´v \n-e-Øp-hoW sXm-gnem-fn-bp-sS tZl-Øv X-Sn ho-Wp a-cn-®p. G-gw-Ip-fw sh-≈-]m-d apcn-t∏¬ ho-´n¬ i-in-bmWv (55) a-cn-®-Xv. hym-gm-gvN ssh-Io-´v sh-≈-]m-d ap-cn-t∏¬ `m-K-Øv tX°pa-cw ap-dn-°p-∂-Xn-\nsS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. h-S-Øn¬\n-∂p ssI-hn-´v \n-eØpho-W i-in-bp-sS tZ-l-tØ-bv-°v A-tX-a-cw hogp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-S≥X-s∂ A-Sq¿ P-\-d¬ B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bn√. kw-kv-Im-cw ]o-∂n-Sv. `m-cy: X-¶-Ω. a-°ƒ: A\n¬, k-\n¬.-

sX-§nÂ\n-¶v ho-Wp a-cn-¨p

N-h-d: a-cw I-b-‰-sØm-gn-emfn sX-ßn¬\n-∂v ho-Wv a-cnXn-S-\m-Sv: I-f-cn-°¬ ap-c- ®p. tX-h-e-°-c ]m-e-bv-°fn-bp-sS `m-cy h¬-k-Ω ¬ ]-d-Øq¿ sX-°-Xn¬ hn (48). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v tKm-]n-bm-Wv(60) a-cn-®-Xv. cm-hn-se 11 \v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. ]-tc-X ]p-Xp-∏-≈n _p-[-\m-gv-N k-ao-]-sØ ]pc-bn-S-Øn-se sX-ßn¬ I-bI-f-cn-°¬ Ip-Spw-_mwdp-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂p AKw. a-°ƒ: a-\p, im-ep. ]-I-Sw. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cna-½p t°-‰ C-bmƒ sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Im-™n-tcm-Sv: ]m-dNn-In¬-k-bn-en-cn-s° C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® a-c-n-®p. `m°¬ a-Ωp (65). cy: h-¬-k-e. a-°ƒ: hn-jv-Wp, hn-t\m-Zv.

hÂ-k-½

t«m-bv-¡p- ap-I-fn a-cw ho-Wv I-s−-bv-\À tem-dn Im-dn-en-Sn-¨v bp-h F³Pn-\o-bÀ a-cn-¨p Hmho-«-½ a-cn-¨p

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv/I-Æq¿: am-Xm-hns‚ a-cW - m-\¥ - c - ®S-ßp-If - n¬]-s¶-Sp-°m-≥ t]m-b Ip-Spw-_wk-©-cn-® Im-dn¬- I-s≠-bv-\¿tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v- bph F≥Pn-\o-bdmb a-I≥- a-cn-®p.- ]n-Xm-hn-\pw aq-∂v- k-tlm-Z-c-߃-°pw- Kp-cpX-cambn ]-cn-t°-‰p. tIm-gn-t°mSv ]m-hß - m-Sv ]p-Øq¿- ko-\m πmkv‰ - n-Ivk - n-\v- k-ao-]w- In-g° - p-ho´n¬- ]-dº - n¬- aT-Øn¬ ap-lΩ - Zvt- Im-bb - p-sS a-I\pw F≥Pn-\ob-dp-amb- ln-jmw- ap-l-Ω-Zv (35) B-Wv a-cn-®X - v. Kp-cp-Xc - a - m-bn- ]-cn-t°-‰ ap-lΩ-Zvt- Im-b (67)sb-bpw- a-°f - m-bXu-ko-^, lm-jn-^v, l-ko-^v F-∂n-hs - cbpw tIm-gn-t°m-Sv - saUn-°¬- tIm-f-Pv- B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬- {]-th-in-∏n-®p.-

sXm-≠-bm-Sv- ss_]m-kvPMvj-\n¬- sh-≈n-bm-gv-N ]pe¿-s® 5.-25\m-bncp∂p A-]-ISw.- am-hq¿- tdm-Un-¬- \n-∂p- h-cnI-bm-bn-cp-∂ I-s≠-bv\¿ temdn Im-dn-s\ C-Sn-®p-sX-dn-∏n-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- a-em-]-d-ºv- tdm-Unte-°v- sX-dn-®p-ho-W Im-dns‚-

ss{U-h¿- ko-‰n¬- Ip-Sp-ßn-b ln-jm-an-s\ _o-®v- ^-b¿-t^m-gvkv- F-Øn- Im¿- sh-´n-s]m-fn-®mWv- ]p-ds - Ø-Sp-ØX - v. c-≠pZn-h-kw- apºm-Wv- lnjm-an-s‚ amXmhv l^vk a-cn-®Xv. a-c-Wm-\-¥-c®-S-ßp-I-fn¬]-s¶-Sp-°m-≥ D-Ω-bp-sS hm-g°m-s´ ho-´n¬ t]m-hp-tºm-gm-bncp-∂p- A-]I - S- w.G-sdIm-ew- J-Ø-dnem-bn-cp∂ Ip-Spw-_w- am-Xm-hn-\v tcm-Kw aq¿-On-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v \m-ep Zn-h-kw ap-ºm-Wv tIm-gn-t°ms´-Øn-b-Xv. ln-jm-an-s‚ `m-cy: X-fn-∏-d-ºn-se {]-i-kv-X sU‚¬ tUm-Œ¿ Sn A-–p¬ k-a-Zns‚ a-I-ƒ \n-jv-\ (J-Ø-dn¬ F≥-Pn-\o-b-dm-Wv). a-°ƒ: lbm≥, l-k.

Xp-Δq¿: Hm-Sn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂ Hmt´m-bv-°p- ap-I-f-n¬ a-cw- s]m-´nho-Wv ho-´-Ω -a-cn-®p. ]m-bn-∏p√n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b ]p-∂-dm-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ \m-Wn-bp-sS `mcy J-Zo-P(51)bm-Wv X¬£Ww a-cn-®-Xv. Iq-sS-bp-≠mb a-°-ƒ Pm-^¿(27), d-Po\(30) F-∂n-h-sc Kp-cp-X-c-]-cn°p-I-tfm-sS s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®p.

C-∂-se cm-hn-se 10HmsSbm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. ]m-bn-∏p-√nse ho-´n¬-\n-∂p a-t©-cn-bnte-°p t]m-hp-∂-Xn-\n-sS \n-eºq¿˛s]-cp-ºn-em-hv kw-ÿm-\ ]m-Xbnse- ]q-°p-Øv td-j≥-]Sn-°p k-ao-]-am-Wv A-]-I-Sw. Xq-ßn-°n-S-∂n-cp-∂ B¬-a-cØn-s‚ sIm-ºv Hm-t´m-bv-°p apI-fn-¬ -ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. aI≥ Pm-^-dm-bn-cp-∂p Hm-t´m HmSn-®n-cp-∂-Xv.

ss_-¡p-IÄ Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn A-ºm-Sn \-gv-k-dn-°v k-ao-]w Ccp-N-{I-hm-l-\-߃ Iq-´n-bn-Sn®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. a-s‰m-cmƒ-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. C-∂v cm-hn-se-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn-bn¬ \n-∂v B\-ßm-Sn-bn-te-°v h-cn-I-bm-bncp-∂ ss_-°v bm-{X-°m-c≥ B-\-ßm-Sn -F-c-™n-°¬ lukn¬- jm-lp¬ l-ao-Zv (34) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. c-≠m-a-sØ ss_°n¬ bm-{XsN-bv-Xn-cp-∂ B-\ßm-Sn kz-tZ-in In-g-°-s‚ ]p-cbn¬ A-en A-Iv_-dn-s\ (22) ]Kq-U-√q¿: bp-hm-hn-s\ hn-jw A-I-ØpsN-∂p a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I- cn-°p-I-tfm-sS sa-Un-°¬ tIms≠-Øn. ta¬ Kq-U-√q¿ sI sI tIm-f-\n-bn-se a-Wn-I- f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-inWvT(36)s\-bm-Wv ho-´n-\p-≈n¬ a-cn-®\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. am-Xm-hv: ∏n-®p. jm-lp-en-\v `m-cy-bpw aqk-c-kp. `m-cy: hn-P-bv. a-Iƒ: A-`n. ∂p a-°-fp-ap-≠v.

hn-jw A-I-¯psN-¶v a-cn-¨p


8

thÀ-]mSv

KANNUR

22 am¿®v 2014 i\n

sam-ss_-en ]m-«p-tI-«v \S-¡sh s{S-bn-\n-Sn-¨v hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p

cm-a³-a-Wn-bm-Wn

B-K-k-vXn

sa-änÂ-U

kp-tc-{µ³

C-{_m-low

a-½q-«n

hÀ-Ko-kv

Ip-≠w-Ip-gn: ssI-cf - n∏m-d sN-dp-Im-\s - Ø cma≥-aW - n-bm-Wn (90). `mcy: I-Ωm-SØ - p-AΩ - . a°ƒ: \m-cm-bW - n, Iuk-ey, Ir-jvW - ≥, Atim-I≥, tKm-]n-\m-Yv (Kƒ-^v), cm-[, hn-Pb - ≥ (Kƒ-^v), Zm-£m-bW - n. acp-a° - ƒ: tI-fp-aW - n-bmWn, im-¥, ]p-jv] - e - X - , im-¥, \m-cm-bW - ≥, kPn-X, c-ho-{μ≥, ]-tc-X\m-b Ir-jvW - ≥.

I-cp-h-©m¬: hm-bm-´p]-d-ºn-se B-Zy-Im-e IpSn-tb-‰ I¿-j-I≥ ]q-∏n≈n¬ B-K-kv-Xn (]m-∏®≥-˛85). `m-cy: c-b-tcmw sIm-®p-∏-d-ºn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw I-{Xo-\. a-°ƒ: hn≥-k‚ v, ta-gv-kn, ]nbq-kv, kn-ÿ sk-en≥ (P¿-a-\n), sU-bv-kn, knÿ P-ko-¥ (D-Ø¿-{]tZ-iv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^ntem-an-\ ]-g-bn-S-Øn¬, ssa-°nƒ I-f-∏p-c-bv°¬, ko-\ X-ºm-´v, kPn ap-≠-bv-°¬. k-tlmZ-c-߃: tXm-a-kv, ^mZ¿ tPm-k-^v (jn-tam-K), A-®m-Ω, kn-kv-‰¿ sken≥, ]-tc-X-cm-b am-an, Nn-∂-Ω, kn-ÿ do-Ø.

\-Sh - b - ¬: am-\¥ - h - m-Sn s{]m-hn≥-kv, kn.-Fw.kn k-`mw-Ka - m-b kn sa-‰n¬U (75). \-Sh - b - ¬ ]p-Xp°p-fw Ip-Spw-_mw-Ka - m-Wv. F≥.-B¿ ]p-c, tXm-´p-ap°w, am-\¥ - h - m-Sn, sIm-fh-b¬, ]-®n-e° - m-Sv, Ip∏m-Sn-Ød - , tI-Wn-®n-d, Iº-\n-Kn-cn, \-Sh - b - ¬ F∂n-hn-Sß - f - n¬ tk-h\ - a\p-jvTn-®n-´p-≠v. k-tlm-Zc-߃ A-∂° - p-´n tPmk-^v, ta-cn sk-_mÃy≥, kn tPm-kve - n-b tacn kn.-Fw.-kn. \-Sh - b - ¬. ]-tc-Xc - m-b sP-bn≥ tXma-kv, G-eΩ - A-eI - vk - m≠¿.

am-ln: a-ßm-Sv N-t{μmØv Xm-sg Ip-\n-bn¬ Sn sI kp-tc-{μ≥ (50). ]tc-X\ - m-b hn-ap-‡ `-S≥ Ip-™n-°Æ - s - ‚-bpw Iu-ke - y-bp-sS-bpw a-I\m-Wv. `m-cy: ]-fln-\n. a°ƒ: kp-c\ - y, i-cW - y, kva - n-Øv. a-cp-aI - ≥: cPn¬. k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: kp-tc-jv (apw-ss_), kp[.

D-cp-h-®m¬: a-W-°m-bn Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv ap≥ {]-knU‚pw tIm¨-{K-kv t\Xm-hp-am-b a-W-°m-bn kdo-\m a≥-kn-en¬ ]n ]n C-{_m-low (65). dn-kv-hm\ _-kv D-S-a-bm-Wv. `mcy: kn ]n kp-l-d. a°ƒ: d-km-Jv, dm-kn-Jv (Zp-_-bv), d-jo-Z, i-°o-e, k-do-\ (a-kv-°-Øv), dnkvv-hm-\ (Zp-_-bv). a-cp-a°ƒ: km-Pn-X, ap-\o¿ (Kƒ-^v), \m-k¿, \u-jmZv (a-kv-°-Øv), \-hm-kv (Zp-_-bv). k-tlm-Z-c߃: A-–p¿-d-lvam≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv(ku-Zn), J-Z-o-P, B-bn-i, ^m-Øn-a, ssk\-_, ]-tc-X-\m-b D-a¿.

\m-emw-ssa-¬: sI-√q¿ Im-´n-®n-d-°-¬ a-l√n-se Pp-ap-A-Øv ]≈n ap-≥-Im-e ap-A-±n\m-b tN-°v a-Ωq-´n (65). `m-cy: ]m-Øpsh´-≥. a-°-ƒ: k-^q-d, A-–p-√. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: ssd-lm-\-Øv ]p-fn™m-¬. ssk-\p-±o-≥ I-c-Wn.

Kq-U-√q¿: A-Øn-]m-fn ssk-X-e-hn (54). `m-cy: ^m-Xzn-a. a-°ƒ: l-^v-k-Øv, ssk-^p-∂o-k, \-Pv-ap∂o-k, I-_o¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v, ^¿-hokv, X≥-ko¿, dw-e-Øv.

kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØcn: ]m-π-t»-cn-bn-se ]tc-X-\m-b tIm-tbm-cn ho-´n-¬ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy ^m-Øn-a (85). a°ƒ: aq-k (Fw.C.Fkvv. Bip-]{Xn kp¬Øm≥ _-tØ-cn skA-Ðp-Ã-¡p-«n cm-L-h³ Iyq-cn-‰n Ãm-^v), eF-S∏ - mƒ: ]-¥m-hq¿ I]-ø-∂q¿: ku-Øv Øo-^v (ku-Zn), ap-kvhp-ßn¬ A-–p-√° - p-´n F¬.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\-Sp-Ø X-^, k-eow, ssk-\(Ip-™n-am≥ ˛65). `m-cy: sI hn cmL h ≥ (65). `m_, dw-e, ]-tc-X-bm-b J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: C-{_mA-¼p cy: c-am-h-Xn. a-°ƒ: _n- B-bni. a-cp-a-°ƒ: low-Ip-´n (jm¿-P), kIp-≠w-Ip-gn: tIm-´h - b - - μp (A-[ym-]n-I), _o-\. akp-sse-J, kp-ss_-Z, °o¿ lp-kbv≥, ap-kvX - - en-se F-kv sI A-ºp cp-a-°ƒ: cm-P-ti-J-c≥. ^ (J-Ø¿), ap-\o-d, k-ao- (74). `m-cy: I-ae k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-™n- kp-Pn-X, d-ko-\, P- m-£n. d. a-cp-a° - ƒ:dw-e, lm-Pn- a-°ƒ: P-bd- mw, P-be - £ - v- cm-a≥, e-£v-an, I-eym-Wn, ∫m¿ Iq-S-c-™n, ]-cod, d-ko-\, \n-km¿ (ku- an, k-ck ]-tc-X-cm-b ]m¿-h-Xn, I- Xv F-cp-am-Sv, ssk-X-e- z-Xn, K-tWjv, hn C-cp-fw. Zn), ap-lΩ - Z- v- _m-h. Ωm-c≥ \m-cm-b-W≥. {]-km-Zv.

Im-´n-°p-fw: I-√p-hm-Xp°¬ tPm-Wn-bp-sS aI≥ Im-´n-°p-f-sØ tdj≥I-S hym-]m-cn-bm-b sI ]n h¿-Ko-kv (kÆn˛44). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v Im-´n-°p-fw sk‚ v ]ot‰-gv-kv ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. amXmhv: ta-cn. `m-cy: an-\n. a°ƒ: {]n-b, tdm-j≥, cl≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: sI ]n jm-Pn (]m¬ skm-ssk-‰n Im-´n-°pfw), sI ]n sd-Pn, tUmfn.

ao-\m-£n-b-½

A-Pn-Ip-amÀ

a-½p

Ip-ª-l-½-Zv

kp-tc-jv

A-eo-a

s]-cn-tßmw: I-Smw-Ip∂n-se In-g-°-bn¬ ao\m-£n-b-Ω (82). `¿Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b KwKm-[-c ]-Wn-°¿. a°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ω, cm-P-tiJ-c≥ \m-b¿, cm-[m-Irjv-W≥, cm-tP-{μ {]-kmZv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-in-[-c≥ \m-b¿, h¬-k-Ω, Aºn-fn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: s]m-∂-Ω, `m¿-K-hn.

s]-cn-tßmw: h-ßm-Sv Nm-Ø≥-]m-db - n-se sI ]n A-Pn-Ip-am¿ (59). Nß-\m-t»-cn-bn-se ]-tcX-\m-b ]p-cp-tjm-Øa - s‚-bpw k-tcm-Pn-\n-bpsS-bpw a-I\ - m-Wv. `m-cy: kp-aX - n. a-°ƒ: kp-\n-X, A-tP-jv. a-cp-a° - ƒ: kPn, cm-Pn-I. k-tlm-Zc - ߃: _n-Pp Ip-am¿, kpa (U¬-ln).

Im-™n-tcm-Sv: ]m-d°¬ a-Ωp (65). A-hnhm-ln-X-\m-Wv. k-tlmZ-cn: ]-tc-X-bm-b B-bnk.

am-\-¥-hm-Sn: Im-´n-°pfw C-cp-ºp-]m-ew B-eßm-´v kp-tc-jv (42). amXm-hv: im-¥. `m-cy: joP. a-°ƒ: A-\-L, A\-\p.

A-©-c-°-≠n: Im-btem-Sv \-√-°-≠n A-eoa (86). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b kn A-k-bv-\m¿. a°ƒ: a-Ωp lm-Pn, lpk-bv≥ lm-Pn, A-en (A-Pv-am≥), Ip-™m-an\, B-bn-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: aq-k lm-Pn, ap-l-Ω-Zv (A-Pv-am≥), ssa-aq-\ (Im-b-tem-Sv), B-bn-j, ssa-aq-\ (sNm-Δ).

lp-kbv³- lm-Pn

A-ÐpÄ d-Òm³-Ip-«n -

X-Æo¿-t°m-Sv: tIm-´∏m-Sw Ip-gn-Ω¬ Ip-™l-Ω-Zv (Ip-´ym-]p˛74). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b Bbn-i. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zen (Zp-_bv), A-_v-Zp¬ d-jo-Zv (A-_qZ-_n), ^m-Øzn-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: aqk, ssk-\-_, ssJ-dp∂n-k. J-_-d-S-°w C∂v Im-e-Øv H-º-Xn-∂v I-°m-´n-cn Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n-bn¬.

a-¶-S: sh-≈n-e tN-dq¿ lp-kbv≥ lm-Pn (67). `m-cy: a-dn-bp-Ω. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-_q-_-°¿, D-Ω¿ (Pn-±), A-–p-√, djo-Zv, d-^o-Jv, dq-_n-b, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-∫m-kv, sam-bv-Xp. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv, dp-Jn-b, ]m-Øp-Ω, J-Zo-P.

s]cp-ºm-hq¿: d-tbm¨]p-cw A-ºm-S≥ ]-tcX\m-b _o-cm≥ a-I≥ A-–pƒd-“m≥-Ip-´n (75) `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a°ƒ: an-{in-b, B-km-Zv, k\n-X. a-cp-a° - ƒ: Ip™p-ap-lΩ - Z- v, jn-Pn, A–pƒ J - m-Z¿.

\m-cm-b-W s]m-Xp-hmÄ ]-ø∂ - q¿: A-∂q¿ ]-Sn™m-sd I-cb - n-se ap≠y-Øv \m-cm-W s]m-Xphmƒ (78). tIm-tdmw kztZ-in-bm-Wv. ]-tc-Xc - m-b ap-≠y-Øv Nn-cn-bΩ - b - psS-bpw hn-jvW - p \-ºq-Xncn-bp-sS-bpw a-I\ - m-Wv. `m-cy: B-\n-So¬ In-g° - n\-IØ - v Im¿-Xym-b\ - n. a°ƒ: ap-cf - o-[c - ≥ (Zp-_bv), kp-{]-`. a-cp-a° - ƒ: jo-P, I-em-[c - ≥ (d-h\yq h-Ip-∏v). k-tlm-Zc - n: ]-tc-Xb - m-b cp-Kvan-Wn.

an-\n h-S-t°-°-c: ]m-ey-Øpcp-Øv I-c-bn¬ ]-\-b∏p-d-Øv ho-´n¬ _n-\phn-s‚ `m-cy an-\n(38).

ssk-X-e-hn

k-eow ap-f° - p-g: ]-≈n-∏S- n, s\Pn a¬-kn-en¬ Fw F-®v k-eow (65). a-°ƒ: kPn, s\-Pn, s^-^o-\. acp-a° - ƒ: tkm-^n-b, A_o-\, A-Pva - ¬.

G-en-¡p-«n tIm-X-awKew:]-e-a-‰w ]o-®n-°-c-bn¬ h¿-°nbp-sS `mcy G-en-°p-´n (86). a-°ƒ: a-dn-b-°p-´n, ]u-tkm-kv, tXm-akv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-Øm-bn,kmdmΩ, ta-cn, ss]-en-°p™v, e-X.

A-l-½-Z-I v p-«n

F-S° - c - : X-Æn-°S- h - nse h-St- °-ßc - A-lΩ - ZvI - p-´n (72). `m-cy-am¿: DΩp-Ip¬-kp, ]-tc-Xb - mb kp-aø - . a-°ƒ: sslZ¿, A-–p¬ J - m-Z¿, j^o-Jv, kp-sse-J, B-bni, ^m-kn-e. a-cp-a° - ƒ: D-Ω¿, km-Zn-Jv, ^m-Øna, jm-\n.

k-c-kz-Xn-b-½

tIm-X-awK-ew: kz-X{¥y-ka-c tk-\m-\n XrsXm-Sp-]p-g: G-g-√q¿ °m-cn-bq¿ ap-tØS-Øv Xm-∂n-s∏m-Xn-bn¬ A∏-®≥(75). `m-cy: tPm-fn (]p-fn-°¬)]n F≥ \mb-cp-sS `m-cy- k-c-kz-XntPm-k-^v. a-°ƒ: {]an≥ tPm-k-^v, t_m-_n b-Ω (78). a-°ƒ: c-hotPm-k-^v. {μ≥, kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, Ip-amcn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I-cp-Wm-I-c³ tkm-P, _o-\, N{μ-tamhm-c-s∏-´n: am-bv-°¬ ho- l≥. ´n¬ I-cp-Wm-I-c≥ (86). {io-[-c³ `m-cy: Im¿-Xym-b-\n. a°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-a-N- sN-ß-∂q¿: Xn-¶-fm-ap-‰w {μ≥, kp-Ip-am-c≥, X-¶-a- th-e-Ømw-]-d-ºn¬ {ioWn, cm-Pp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: [-c≥(N-{μ≥-˛55). `m-cy: kp-tem-N-\, k-c-f, cm-ab-tim-Z. a-°ƒ: A-\oN-{μ≥, _n-μp. jv, A-`n-em-jv.

A-¸-¨³

A-en-bmÀ Xm-g-Ø-ßm-Sn: ]-tc-X\m-b A-–p¬ Jm-Z-dns‚ a-I≥ ]p-fn-bv-°¬ sI F A-en-bm¿ (76). `m-cy: \-_o-km-Ω. a°ƒ: B-jn≥ A-en (sk-bn¬-Sm-Iv-kv)-, A≥-k¬-\ P-ko¿ (Pn√m tIm-S-Xn)-, A-`n-emjv A-en. a-cp-a-°ƒ: joP B-jn≥, sP-ko¿, Pkv-\ A-`n-em-jv.

th-em-bp-[³ h-≠q¿: a-c-°p-ew-Ip-∂v ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-dn-b-Ip™-s‚ a-I≥ s\-®nt°m-S≥ th-em-bp-[≥ (50). `m-cy: I-eym-Wn. a°ƒ: Pn≥-kn, Pn-_n≥, Pn-Xn≥. a-cp-a-I≥: kptc-jv- _m-_p.

^m-¯n-a

A-ÐpÀ-d-l-vam³-Ip-«n sIm-bn-em-≠n: Ip-dp-hßm-Sv I-S-h-Øv A-–p¿d-lvam≥-Ip-´n (70). apkvenw-eo-Kv im-Jm sshkv {]-kn-U‚ v, P-\. sk-{I-´-dn, C¿-im-Zp-kzn_n-bm≥ a-Zv-d-km {]-knU‚ v, sk-{I-´-dn, a-kv-PnZp¬ ap-_m-d-°v {]-knU‚ v F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n-cp-∂p. `mcy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: A–p¬ d-Du-^v, kn-dm-Pp±o≥, km-Zn-Jv, \-Pv-a, bq\-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^-koe, k-\o-d, \u-jn-Z, _jo¿, ap-lvkn-\.

Sn sI {io\- nh- m-k³

Xn-cp-h√ - : sN-ß∂ - q¿ F-kv.F≥.Un.]n bq-\nb≥ ap≥ {]-kn-U‚pw Zo¿-LI - m-ew Xn-cp-aq-e]p-cw F-kv.F≥.hn ssl-kI v- qƒ sl-Ua v- mÃ-dp-am-bn-cp-∂ Xn-cp-aq-e]p-cw tXm-´° - m-´v c-am \nhm-kn¬ Sn sI {io-\nhm-k≥ (90). kw-kI v- mcw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11.30\v ho-´p-hf - ∏ - n¬. 1970I-fp-sS Xp-S° - Øn¬ sN-ß∂ - q¿ Fkv.F≥.Un.]n bq-\nb≥ {]-kn-U‚ v, ]n-∂o-Sv Xn-cp-h√ - F-kv.F≥.Un.]n bq-\n-b≥ ÿmssh-im-Jv ]-I {]-kn-U‚ v, F-kv.X-e-°p-f-Øq¿: ]-d-ºF≥.Un.]n tbm-Kw UØv _-km-dn-\p k-ao-]w b-dI - Sv- ¿ t_m¿-Uv Aw]m-e-∏-d-º-Øv ssh-im- Kw, F-kv.F≥. {S-Ãv J-Øn¬ ssh-im-Jv t_m¿-Uw-Kw, tI-cf - kv(24). ]nXmhv: {]-`m-It‰-‰v k¿-ho-kv s]≥-jc≥ (Ir-jv-W sS-Iv-Ãt\-gk v- v bq-\n-b≥ kwbn¬-kv ]-d-º-Øv). ÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰n-bw-Kw, PnamXmhv: D-jm-Ip-am-cn. √m ssh-kv {]-kn-U≥-dv, k-tlm-Z-cn: B-i {]-` sse-{_-dn Iu¨-kn¬ (\-gv-kn-Mv hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n, Xm-eq-°v ssh-kv {]-kn]n.hn-F-kv. \-gv-kn-Mv U‚ v, Xn-cp-aq-e] - p-cw akv-Iqƒ). lm-Xa v- m-Km-‘n kva - m-cI {K-Ÿim-em {]-kn-U‚ v F-∂o \n-eI - f - n¬ {]-h¿Øn-®n-´p-≠v. Fkv.F≥.hn ssl-kI v- qƒ sl-Ua v- m-Ãd - m-bn 27 h¿jw tk-h\ - a-\p-jvTn-®p. {io-aq-ew {]-Pm-k`- mw-Kam-bn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X\ - m-b hm-eb - n¬ sIm-®p-Ip™v ssh-Zy-cp-sS a-I\ - mA-_q-_-¡À lm-Pn Wv. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b th-ß-c: h-en-tbm-d ]p- sI. c-am-`m-bn. (dn-´. hnØ-\-ßm-Sn-bn-se Ip-dp- Zym-`ym-k sU-]yq-´n U°≥ A-_q-_-°¿ lm- b-dI - Sv- ¿). Pn (80). `m-cy-am¿: J-Zoa-°ƒ: {]-^. an-\n {ioP, ]-tc-X-bm-b ^m-Øn- \n-hm-k≥ (tZ-hk - zw a. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ -Jm- t_m¿-Uv ]-ºm tIm-fP - v Z¿ (bp.F.C), D-kv-am≥ ]-cp-ae - ), am-b (Xn-cp-h\ - (Pn-km≥), ap-l-Ω-Zv d¥-]p-cw Pn-√m k-lI - c - ^o-Jv, ju-°-Ø-en (a- W _m-¶v im-J sh-ºmkv-I-Øv), l-Δm-D-Ω, dbw), ao-cm cm-P≥ (am¿Po-\, l-ko-\. a-cp-atØm-a d-kn-U≥-jy¬ °ƒ: I-Ωp-°p-´n, d-DukvI - qƒ, Xn-cp-h√ - ), tc-J, ^v, ssk-\p¬ B-_n-Zv, A-Pn-Xv {io-\n-hm-k≥ P-ao-e, \p-ssk-_, (_yq-tdm No-^v, am-[y-aw, ssJ-dp-∂o-k, l-∂-Øv. sIm-√w). a-cp-a° - ƒ: Fw k-tlm-Z-c-߃: D-Ω¿ sI i-in-[c - ≥ (dn-´. Flm-Pn, ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ Ivk - n-Iyq-´o-hv Hm-^n-k¿, sN-dn-bm-∏p. Pn-√m k-lI - c - W - _m-¶v ]-Ø\ - w-Xn-´), A-Uz. cm-L-h³ Fw tam-l\ - ≥, F≥ Un B-ep-h: Xm-bn-°m-´p-I- cm-P≥, F ]n tam-l≥c _n-μp \n-hm-kn¬ cm- Zm-kv, sI F-kv kp-teL-h≥(66). I-f-a-t»-cn J (A-[ym-]n-I, Sn.Un. A-t∏m-tfm S-tb-gv-kv Po- l-b¿-sk-°≥-Ud - n kvh-\-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. Iqƒ B-e∏ - p-g). `m-cy: c-ay. a-°ƒ: _n-μp (A-[ymt_-_n]n-I, sF-Un-b¬ ]-ªn- G-eq¿: Ip-‰n-°m-´p-Ic - ]Iv kv-Iqƒ), _o-\ tc-X\m-b hn-ap-‡`- S- ≥ (sF.Fw.F. ª-Uv _m- dm-tl-en-s‚ `m-cy t_¶v B-ep-h). _n(83).

X-e-t»-cn: sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wn¬ ]m-´p-tI-´v ]mfw ap-dn-®p-I-S-°pI-bm-bncp∂ F-k-v.F-kv.F¬.kn. hn-Zym¿-Yn s{S-bn-\n-Sn®v a-cn-®p. am-ln s]-cn-ßmSn-bn¬ C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11.45Hm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. s]-cn-ßm-Sn sd-bn¬-th tK-‰n-\p k-ao-]w Ip-Sp°n‚-hn-S B-kn-bm-kn¬ _-jo-dn-s‚ G-Ia-I≥ j_v-jo¿(15) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. am-ln Fw.Fw. l-b¿ sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iq-ƒ hnZym¿Yn-bmb j_vjo¿ Ign-™-Zn-hkw Ah-km-\n® Fkv.-F-kv.-F¬.kn ]co-£-sb-gp-Xn-bn-cp-∂p. ho-´n¬-\n-∂p I-S-bn-te-°v km-[-\w hm-ßm≥ t]m-I-sh-bm-Wv A-Xym-ln-Xw. am-Xm-hv jm-ln-Z. \yq-am-ln t]m-en-kv C-≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn-b ar-X-tZlw P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´w sN-bvX tijw s]-cn-ßm-Sn I-√m-∏-≈n- J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ ad-hp-sNbvXp.

Hm-t«m-bv¡p ]n-¶n ss_-¡n-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: Hm-t´m-dn-£-bp-sS ]n∂n¬ ss_-°n-Sn-®v ss_°v-bm-{Xn-I≥ a-cn-®p. ]pØ≥-Ip-∂v D-dm-bn¬ A_v-Zp¿d-lvam-s‚ a-I≥ \u-jm-Zv (24) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se Gt´m-sS kp¬-Øm≥ _tØ-cn U-b-‰n-\v ap-ºn-emWv A-]-I-Sw. sIm-f-K-∏m-d `m-K-tØ-°v t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p \u-jm-Zv. ap-ºn¬ t]m-hp-Ibm-bn-cp∂ Hm-t´m-dn-£ B-sf F-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th-≠n s]-s´-∂v \n¿-Øn-bt∏mƒ ss_-°v ]n∂n-en-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tdmUn-te-°v sX-dn-®p-ho-W \ujm-Zns\ D-S≥ kp¬Øm≥ _-tØ-cn-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw ]n-∂o-Sv tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-te-°pw sIm-≠p-t]m-sb-¶n-epw bm-{Xm-a-t[y a-cn-°p-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. am-Xm-hv: ssk-\-_. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-Pva¬, ^-kv-\.

Hm-t«m ss{U-h-sd sh-«n-s¡m-es¸-Sp¯n

aw-K-em-]p-cw: Hm-t´m-ss{U-h-sd \m-ew-K kw-Lw sh-´n-s°m-∂p. s]m-f-en I¬-∏-\ I-√-Sp-°-bn-se cmtP-jn-s\(30)bm-Wv hym-gm-gv-N sh-´n-s°m-∂-Xv.- c≠p ss_-°p-I-fn-seØn-b \m-ew-K kw-Lw hm-fpI-fpw h-Sn-I-fpw sIm-≠v cm-tP-jn-s\ B{I-an®v sIm-e-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bm-bn-cp-s∂∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d™p. H-cp sIm-e-t°-kn¬ {]-Xn-bm-bn-cp-∂p cm-tPjv. C-Xn-s‚ {]-Xn-Im-c-am-Wv sIm-e-]m-X-I-sa-∂v kw-i-bn-°p-∂p.

]m-¼pI-Sn-tb-äv hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n a-cn-¨p

B-e-Øq¿: ]m-ºpI-Sntb-‰v A-©mw-¢m-kv hnZym¿-Yn-\n a-cn-®p. B-eØq¿ K-h. tKƒ-kv kv-Iqfn-\v k-ao-]w \m-j-\¬ _m¿-_¿ jm-∏v D-S-a taml≥-Zm-kn-s‚ a-Iƒ \-μ\ (11) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Be-Øq¿ K-h. tKƒ-kv ssl-kv-Iq-fn-se A-©mw ¢m-kv hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bmbncp∂p. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v ho-Sn-\v k-ao-]-sØ I-cn-¶¬ sI-´n¬ \n-∂m-Wv ]m-ºpI-Sn-tb-‰-Xv. B-e-Øq¿ Xmeq-°v B-ip-]-{X-n-bn-epw ]n-∂o-Sv ]m-e-°m-Sv Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw {]-th-in-∏n-®p. ]n-∂o-Sv Xr-iq¿ sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pnte°p am‰n-sb-¶nepw c£n°m-\m-b-n√. amXmhv: e-X. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \-μn-\n, Ko-Xp. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se HºXn\v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬.

ss_-¡n \n-¶p ho-Wv ]cn-t¡ä ho-«-½ a-cn-¨p Ip-ªn-t¸m-¡À

k-eow

tIm-b-¡p-«n

c-hn

{io-[-c³

sIm-t−-c³

Ip-ª-h-dp

A-Ðp-Ã

th-ß-c: A-®-\-º-ew ]p-≈m-´v ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ aI≥ Ip-™n-t∏m-°¿ (64). `m-cy: Ip-™n-∏mØp ]p-≈m-´v, a-°ƒ: Ajv-d-^v, kp-lv-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-lv-d, A-–p-√ F-∂ _n-®m-∏p F-S-°m∏-d-ºv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: aq-k, A-_v-Zp, a-dn-bp-Ω, ]m-Øp-Ω-°p-´n.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: B-km-Zv \-K-dn-se am-fn-tb°¬ lw-k-bp-sS aI≥ k-eow (40)-. -amXm-hv: i-co-^. -A-hnhm-ln-X-\m-Wv. -ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-_v-Zp -a-Zv,- A-_v-Zp-¬ kØm¿, im-lp¬- l-aoZv,- l-^v-k-Øv.

]p-fn-°¬: s]-cn-b-º-eØv Xp-d-°¬ am-Wm-Ip∂≥ tIm-b-°p-´n (64). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: \k-dp-±o≥, l-\o-^ (Pn±), \u-jm-Zv, d-ko-\, dPo-\, d-lo-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: \u-jm-Zv, dn-bmkv, l-ao-Zv, ko-\-Øv, lm-jn-d, k-ao-d.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: tIm-Xaw-K-ew ]m-e-°-≠n aoج ]-tc-X-\m-b cmcn-®-°p-´n-bp-sS a-I≥ c-hn (46). amXmhv: Pm\p. `m-cy: jo-_. a°ƒ: B-Zn-Xy, A-\L, B-cy. k-tlm-Z-c߃: ]p-jv-], i-in-Ie, tim-`, kn-‘p.-

]p-d-Øq¿: Xn-cp-\m-hmb kn-‘p Pz-√-dn D-S-a Xr-∏-tßm-Sv ]p-Øn-cn°m-´v {io-[-c≥ (65). `mcy Aw-_p-Pm-£n. a°ƒ: tam-l≥-Zm-kv, jo-e, kn-‘p. a-cp-a°ƒ: Zn-t\-iv _m-_p, A-\n¬-Ip-am¿ (kuZn), c-Pn-X.

\n-d-a-cp-Xq¿: Im-fm-Sv Icn-a-cw th-´p-h-t©-cn Ip∂-Øv sIm-t≠-c≥ (52). \n-d-a-cp-Xq¿ k¿-ho-kv k-l-I-c-W _m-¶v U-bd-Œdm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: im-¥. a-°ƒ: {]-im-¥v, {]-Zo]v, ip-`, jo-_. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-Pp, kp-tc-jv.

th-ß-c: ]p-Ø≥-]o-SnI B-en-]-d-º≥ Ip™-h-dp (85). `m-cy: DΩm-®p. a-°ƒ: ap-l-ΩZ-en, bq-kp-^v, B-an-\, ssk-\-_, ]m-Øp-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p, Ip™n-a-c-°m¿, sam-bvXo≥-Ip-´n, I-Zn-bm-ap, B-ky.

aq-∂n-bq¿: Np-g-en Ip-∂pΩ¬ A-–p-√ (83). aq-∂nbq¿ Np-g-en d-io-Zp¬A\mw kw-Lw a-l-√v IΩn-‰n-bw-Kw, Np-g-en ap¿in-Zp-kzn-_nbm≥ a-Zv-dkm I-Ωn-‰n-bw-Kw, Np-gen G-cn-bm ap-kvenw -eoKv {]-kn-U‚ v ÿm-\߃ h-ln-®n-cp-∂p. `mcy: \-^o-k. a-°-fn-√.

tKm-]m-e³ \m-bÀ

tdm-k-½

e-£v-an-

A-b-½-Zv lm-Pn

_m-ep-t»-cn: ]q-\-Øv I≠-∏m-´n¬ tKm-]m-e≥ \mb¿ (70). `m-cy: X-¶-a-Wn. a-°ƒ: kp-\n¬-Ip-am¿, kp-_o-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cRv-Pp-tamƒ (Im-b-Æ). k©-b-\w Xn-¶-fm-gv-N.

sXm-´n¬-∏m-ew: h-´n∏-\-bn-se B-Zy-Im-e Ip-Sn-tb-‰ I¿-j-I≥ ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-t∂¬ (Ddp-ºn¬) Ip-t™-´-s‚ `m-cy tdm-k-Ω (85).

a-e-∏p-dw-:- Fw.-F-kv-.]nIym-ºn-\p- k-ao-]wtUm.- km-Pp -tdm-Un¬]-tc-X-\m-b- Nn-∂-s‚`m-cy- D-≈m-´p-Ip-∂-Øve-£v-an- (72).-

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: In-h-t°mØv I-t®-cn-ap-°v aq°≥am-°n-bn¬ Fw kn A-b-Ω-Zv lm-Pn (68). `mcy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: B-bn-i, B-an-\, kp-ss_-Z.

\-_o-k

]m-¯p-½

tKm-]n-\m-Y³-

HfhÆ: Ip-gn-]-dº-Øv sI ]n \-_o-k (68). `¿Ømhv: ]tc-X-\mb A–p-√. a°-ƒ: A-_vZp¬ A-kokv, \njmw Aen, ^u-kn-b, k-^q-d, a≥-kq¿.

t]-cm-{º: I-∂m-´n-bn-se X-d-h-´-Øv ]m-Øp-Ω (80). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b I-cp-Ip-f-Øn¬ AΩ-Zv. a-°ƒ: a-dn-bw, \^o-k. a-cp-a-I≥: ]-tc-X\m-b A-–p¿-d-lv-am≥.

N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: Im-fmNm¬ Im-f-Ω¬ tKm]n-\m-Y≥ (59). `m-cy: i-Ip-¥-f. a-°ƒ: kPn-\n, k-Pn-X, k-Pojv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ir-jvW≥, i-‡n-th¬.

]n sI tIm-b au-em-\ BÀ-P-h-ap-Å ]-Þn-X³: C-amw-kv Iu¬-kn Xn- c p- h - \ - ¥ - ] p- c w: k- a q- l Øn¬ \n-∂v A-{]-Xy-£-am-bns°m- ≠ n- c n- ° p- ∂ B¿- P - h - a p≈ ]-fin-X-cn¬ D-∂-X ÿm\o- b - \ m- W v A- ¥ - c n- ® ]n sI tIm-b au-em-\-sb-∂v Hmƒ C¥ym C- a mw- k v Iu¨- k n¬ kw-ÿm-\ k-an-Xn A-\p-kv-acn-®p. {]- X n- k - ‘ n L- ´ - ß - f n- ¬ , {]- t Xy- I n- ® v ]q- ¥ p- d t]m- e p≈ {]-tZ-i-Øv k-ap-Zm-b-sØ ap- ∂ n¬ \n- ∂ v \- b n- ° p- I - b pw Zn- i m- t _m- [ w \¬- I p- I - b pw sN- b v - X ]- fi n- X - \ m- W v Ct±lw. `-c-W-kn-cm tI-{μ-amb Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-c-Øv A-c- \q‰m≠n- e - [ n- I w {]- i - k v - X - a m- b H-cp ÿm-]-\-Øn-s‚-bpw a-l√n-s‚-bpw A-a-c-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-

∂n- ´ pw A- [ n- I m- c nh¿- K - h p- a mbn A-I-ew ]m-en-°p-I-bpw ]fin-X-s‚ am-Xr-I Im-Øp-kq£n- ° p- I - b pw sN- b v - X C- t ±lw k- a pZm- b - Ø n- s ‚ G- I - X bv - ° p- t h- ≠ n \n- e - s Im- ≈ p- I bpw `n- ∂ - X - b p- s S kz- c - ß - s f i- ‡ - a m- b n \n- c m- I - c n- ° p- I bpw sN- b v - X p. k- a p- Z m- b - Ø ns‚- b pw k- a p- Z m- b t\- X r- X zØn-s‚-bpw im-‡o-I-c-W {ia-߃-°v I-e-h-d-bn-√m-Ø ]n¥p-W-bm-Wv A-t±-lw \¬-Inb-Xv. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ hn-tbm-Kw ap-kv-enw k-ap-Zm-b-Øn-\v \n-IØm-\m-hm-Ø hn-S-hm-Wv kr„n-®-sX-∂pw Hmƒ C-¥ym Camw- k v Iu¨- k n- ¬ kw- ÿ m\ k-an-Xn A-`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p.

I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw th-fw ]-≈n-b-Øv \n-cy-X-bm-b \-ºm´n¬ I-eym-Wn

A-½n-Wn ssh-∏n≥: Rm-d-°¬ ]tc-X-\m-b tdm-°n-bp-sS `m-cy A-Ωn-Wn (80).

I-Se - p-≠n-\K - c - w: ss_-°n¬ \n-∂p ho-Wv ]cn-t°‰v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ ho-´-Ω a-cn-®p. Ip-´n-°-ø‚]p-c-°¬ A-_v-Zp-√-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-im-_n (42) B-Wv a-cn-®X - v. _-‘p-hn-s\m-∏w kz-¥w ho-´n-te°p t]m-I-sh I-gn-™ _p-[-\m-gv-N Nm-en-b-Øm-bncp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Xp-S¿-∂v tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fP - n¬ Nn-In¬-kb - n-em-bn-cn-s°-bm-Wv a-cW - w. a-°ƒ: k¿-Pn-e, X-^vk - o-\, Pp-ss\-kv, ^-ke - p. acp-a° - ƒ: A-Iv_ - ¿ sN-Øn-∏S- n, k-°o¿ Nm-en-bw. ]nXm-hv; A-_vZ- p-√° - p-´n. am-Xm-hv: B-an-\° - p-´n. k-tlmZ-cß - ƒ: ^m-Øn-a, D-ssa-_, A-_q-_° - ¿, dm-_n-b, ssP-kØ - v. J-_d - S- ° - w C-∂v t]m-kv‰ - vt- am¿-´Ø - n-\p ti-jw B-\-ßm-Sn ap-ln-bp-±o≥ ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

tem-dn-bnSn¨v ss_¡v bm{Xn-I-\mb _nlmÀ kz-tZ-in a-cn-¨p-

N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: ss_°n¬ k©-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂ _nlm¿ kztZin tem-dn-bnSn®v acn-®p. _nlm¿ jlm-Pn-Xv-]q¿ kz-tZ-in Camw en-bm-hp-±o≥ a≥-kqcn (26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ]¥m-hq¿ ]m-e-Øn-\v k-ao]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Nm-en-t»-cn-bn¬-\n-∂v FS-∏m-fn-te-°p t]m-hpIbm-bn-cp∂ ss_°n¬ F-S-∏mƒ `m-K-Øp-\n-∂p h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ tem-dn C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tem-dn A-an-X-th-K-Øn-em-bn-cp-s∂∂pw C-Xn-\v sXm-´p-]n-∂n-em-bn t]m-en-kv hm-l-\ap≠m-bn-cp-∂Xm-bpw \m-´p-Im¿ ]-d-™p. Nm-en-t»-cn-bn-se F-Ivk-e‚ v I-º-\n- Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-bncp∂p C-amw enbm-hp-±o≥ a≥-kq-cn. ]n-Xm-hv: en-bm-hp-±o≥ a≥-kqcn. am-Xm-hv: sse-em-_o-hn.

t«m-bv-¡p- ap-I-fn a-cw ho-Wv I-s−-bv-\À tem-dn Im-dn-en-Sn-¨v bp-h F³Pn-\o-bÀ a-cn-¨p Hmho-«-½ a-cn-¨p

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv/I-Æq¿: am-Xm-hns‚ a-cW - m-\¥ - c - ®S-ßp-If - n¬]-s¶-Sp-°m-≥ t]m-b Ip-Spw-_wk-©-cn-® Im-dn¬- I-s≠-bv-\¿tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v- bph F≥Pn-\o-bdmb a-I≥- a-cn-®p.- ]n-Xm-hn-\pw aq-∂v- k-tlm-Z-c-߃-°pw- Kp-cpX-cambn ]-cn-t°-‰p. tIm-gn-t°mSv ]m-hß - m-Sv ]p-Øq¿- ko-\m πmkv‰ - n-Ivk - n-\v- k-ao-]w- In-g° - p-ho´n¬- ]-dº - n¬- aT-Øn¬ ap-lΩ - Z- vtIm-b-bp-sS a-I\pw F≥Pn-\ob-dp-amb- ln-jmw- ap-l-Ω-Zv (35) B-Wv a-cn-®X - v. Kp-cp-Xc - a - m-bn- ]-cn-t°-‰ ap-lΩ-Ztv- Im-b (67)sb-bpw- a-°f - m-bXu-ko-^, lm-jn-^v, l-ko-^v F-∂n-hs - cbpw tIm-gn-t°m-Sv - saUn-°¬- tIm-f-Pv- B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬- {]-th-in-∏n-®p.-

sXm-≠-bm-Svss_]m-kvPMvj\ - n¬- sh-≈n-bm-gN v- ]p-e¿s® 5.-25\m-bncp∂p A-]I - S- w.- amhq¿- tdm-Un-¬- \n-∂p- h-cn-I-bmbn-cp-∂ I-s≠-bv\¿ tem-dn Imdn-s\ C-Sn-®p-sX-dn-∏n-°p-Ib - m-bncp-∂p.- a-em-]-d-ºv- tdm-Un-te-°vsX-dn-®p-ho-W Im-dns‚- ss{U-

h¿- ko-‰n¬- Ip-Sp-ßn-b ln-jm-ans\ _o-®v- ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv- FØn- Im¿- sh-´n-s]m-fn-®m-Wv- ]p-dsØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. c-≠pZn-h-kwapºm-Wv- ln-jm-an-s‚ amXmhv l^vk a-cn-®X - v. a-cW - m-\¥ - c - ®S-ßp-I-fn¬- ]-s¶-Sp-°m-≥ D-Ωbp-sS hm-g° - m-s´ ho-´n¬ t]m-hptºm-gm-bn-cp-∂p- A-]I - S- w.G-sdIm-ew- J-Ø-dnem-bn-cp∂ Ip-Spw-_w- \m-ep Zn-h-kw apºm-Wv tIm-gn-t°m-s´-Øn-b-Xv. ln-jm-an-s‚ `m-cy: X-fn-∏-d-ºnse {]-ik - X v- sU‚-¬ tUm-Œ¿ Sn A-–p¬ k-aZ- n-s‚ a-Iƒ - \n-jv\ (J-Ø-dn¬ F≥-Pn-\o-b-dmWv). a-°ƒ: l-bm≥, l-k. tXPkv Ub-dI - vS¿ t_m¿Uv AwKw ^mCkv apl-Ω-Zns‚ ktlmZco]p{X-\m-Wv lnjmw.

Xp-Δq¿: Hm-Sn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂ Hmt´m-bv-°p- ap-I-f-n¬ a-cw- s]m-´nho-Wv ho-´-Ω -a-cn-®p. ]m-bn-∏p√n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b ]p-∂-dm-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ \m-Wn-bp-sS `mcy J-Zo-P(51)bm-Wv X¬£Ww a-cn-®-Xv. Iq-sS-bp-≠mb a-°-ƒ Pm-^¿(27), d-Po\(30) F-∂n-h-sc Kp-cp-X-c-]-cn°p-I-tfm-sS s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®p.

C-∂-se cm-hn-se 10HmsSbm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. ]m-bn-∏p-√nse ho-´n¬-\n-∂p a-t©-cn-bnte-°p t]m-hp-∂-Xn-\n-sS \n-eºq¿˛s]-cp-ºn-em-hv kw-ÿm-\ ]m-Xbnse- ]q-°p-Øv td-j≥-]Sn-°p k-ao-]-am-Wv A-]-I-Sw. Xq-ßn-°n-S-∂n-cp-∂ B¬-a-cØn-s‚ sIm-ºv Hm-t´m-bv-°p apI-fn-¬ -ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. aI≥ Pm-^-dm-bn-cp-∂p Hm-t´m HmSn-®n-cp-∂-Xv.

ss_-¡p-IÄ Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn A-ºm-Sn \-gv-k-dn-°v k-ao-]w Ccp-N-{I-hm-l-\-߃ Iq-´n-bn-Sn®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. a-s‰m-cmƒ-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. C-∂v cm-hn-se-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn-bn¬ \n-∂v B\-ßm-Sn-bn-te-°v h-cn-I-bm-bncp-∂ ss_-°v bm-{X-°m-c≥ B-\-ßm-Sn -F-c-™n-°¬ lukn¬- jm-lp¬ l-ao-Zv (34) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. c-≠m-a-sØ ss_°n¬ bm-{XsN-bv-Xn-cp-∂ B-\ßm-Sn kz-tZ-in In-g-°-s‚ ]p-cbn¬ A-en A-Iv_-dn-s\ (22) ]Kq-U-√q¿: bp-hm-hn-s\ hn-jw A-I-ØpsN-∂p a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I- cn-°p-I-tfm-sS sa-Un-°¬ tIms≠-Øn. ta¬ Kq-U-√q¿ sI sI tIm-f-\n-bn-se a-Wn-I- f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-inWvT(36)s\-bm-Wv ho-´n-\p-≈n¬ a-cn-®\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. am-Xm-hv: ∏n-®p. jm-lp-en-\v `m-cy-bpw aqk-c-kp. `m-cy: hn-P-bv. a-Iƒ: A-`n. ∂p a-°-fp-ap-≠v.

hn-jw A-I-¯psN-¶v a-cn-¨p


8

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

hÂ-k-½

A-¶m-½ tIm-in

bp.-F-Ên \n-cym-X-\m-bn

ap-´p-Nn-d: sIm-´m-c-Øn¬ sIm-t®-´-s‚ a-I≥ tPmkv (66) A-ta-cn-°-bn-se ^n-em-U¬-^n-b-bn¬ \ncym-X-\m-bn. kw-kv-Im-cw ^n-em-U¬^n-b-bn¬ sk‚ v tXm-a-kv ko-tdm a-e-_m¿-]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ta-cn B-bmw-Ip-Sn Im-em-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: tUm-an (bp.F-kv.F), tUm-fn ( Zp-_m-bv). a-cp-a°ƒ: F-an-en≥ ]p-Xp-∏d-ºn¬ Ip-a-c-Iw, D-Ω®≥ an-{X-°-cn.

Xn-S-\m-Sv: I-f-cn-°¬ ap-cfn-bp-sS `m-cy h¬-k-Ω (48). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11 \v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. ]-tc-X ]p-Xp-∏-≈n I-f-cn-°¬ Ip-Spw-_mwKw. a-°ƒ: a-\p, im-ep.

cm-a³-a-Wn-bm-Wn

Kq-U-√q¿: A-Øn-]m-fn ssk-X-e-hn (54). `m-cy: ^m-Xzn-a.

Ip-≠w-Ip-gn: ssI-cf - n∏m-d sN-dp-Im-\s - Ø cma≥-aW - n-bm-Wn (90). `mcy: I-Ωm-SØ - p-AΩ - . a°ƒ: \m-cm-bW - n, Iuk-ey, Ir-jvW - ≥, Atim-I≥, tKm-]n-\m-Yv , cm-[, hn-Pb - ≥ , Zm-£mb-Wn. a-cp-a° - ƒ: tI-fp-aWn-bm-Wn, im-¥, ]p-jv]-eX - , im-¥, \m-cm-bW≥, k-Pn-X, c-ho-{μ≥.

C-e-¥q¿: Xm-g-bn¬ IpSpw-_mw-K-am-b I-√q-]m-eØn-¶¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI Sn tIm-in-bp-sS `m-cy A∂m-Ω tIm-in(97). kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf ssh-Io-´v ap-∂n-\v sk‚ v tXm-a-kv am¿-tØm-am ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. ta-ap-dn-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a°ƒ: tIm-in tXm-a-kv, A-∂-Ω im-ap-th-¬, tUm. A-e-Iv-km-≠¿ tIm-in(sk-©z-dn tlmkv-]n-‰¬), am-Xyp tImin, k-J-dn-bm tIm-in, G-{_-lmw tIm-in. a-cp-a°-ƒ: A-∂-Ω tXm-a-kv, kn Fw im-ap-th¬, ta-cn A-e-Iv-km-≠¿, tam-fn am-Xyp, tam≥-kn k-J-dnbm, sU-kv-en.

sa-cn-em‚ v: sN-ß-∂q¿ sIm-gp-h-√q¿ Io-cn-°m-Sv h-en-b-]-d-ºn¬ sI sI Ip-cp-hn-f(X-¶-®≥-˛83) bp.-F-kv.-F-. sa-cn-em‚n¬ \n-cym-X-\m-bn. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-{Xn F-´n-\v bp.-F-kv.-F. _m¬-‰n-tam¿ am¿-tØma ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬. `m-cy: tIm-´-bw Im-™nc-∏-≈nbn¬ Ip-Spw-_mwKw a-dn-bm-Ω. a-°ƒ: tUm. A-tim-Iv, tUm. B-\-μv, tUm. APn-Øv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tUm. sP-kn, tUm. kq-k≥, tUm. ko-am.

Pm-\-In-b-½

cm-Po-hv

cm-P-³ \m-bÀ

N-{µ-Ip-am-cn-b-½

{]-k-¶-Ip-amÀ

tIm-g-t©-cn: sN-dp-tIm¬ ]p-Xp-∏-d-ºn¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-c-ta-iz-c≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy Pm-\-Inb-Ω( 91 ). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 11\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: {io-[c≥ \m-b¿ (_mw-•q¿), Kw-Km-[-c≥ \m-b¿, ]p-cptjm-Ø-a≥ \m-b¿, Hm-a\, X-¶-°p-´≥ \m-b¿, tam-l≥-Zm-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: `m-\p-a-Xn-b-Ω (_mw•q¿), e-Xmw-_n-I, c-a (_mw-•q¿), tam-l-\-N-{μ]-Wn-°¿, c-a-Wn.-

a-√-∏-≈n: Ip-gn-a-Æn¬ Ip-™p-tam-s‚ a-I≥ cmPo-hv(42). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v cm-hn-se 11\v ]-cn-bmcw sk‚ v B≥-{Uq-kv am¿-tØm-a ]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: F-gpa-‰q¿ ]p-Ø≥-]-d-ºn¬ tN-∂w-Ip-gn-bn-¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw kn-\p. a-I≥: dn\p.

hm-bv-]q-cv: A-cn-b≥ ap-dnbn¬ hn ]n cm-P-≥ \m-b¿ (X-¶-®≥-˛67). `m-cy: cmP-Ω. a-°ƒ: k-Xn, e-Xn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-[p-\m-b¿, F-kv P-b-N-{μ≥.-

am-∂m¿: Ip-´-tº-cq¿ tlm-an-tbm B-ip-]-{Xn hm¿-Un¬ sh-®q¿ h-St°-Xn¬ ho-´n¬ ta-P¿ ]-tc-X-\m-b hn ]n D-ÆnIr-jv-W-]n-≈-bp-sS `mcy kn B¿ N-{μ-Ip-am-cnb-Ω (67). am-th-en-°-c I-≠n-bq¿ K-h. bp.]n.Fkv. dn-´. {]-[m-\m-[ym-]nI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. sN-´n-Ip-fß-c t]-f N-{μ-`-h-\n¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv. a°ƒ: {io-I-e (A-[ym-]nI), {io-Pn-Øv (ssl°u-≠v I-º-\n). a-cp-a°ƒ: kn l-cn-Ip-am¿ (Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ tZ-hkzw t_m¿-Uv Hm-^n-kv), im-¥n-Ir-jv-W≥ (\mb¿ k-am-Pw t_m-bv-kv ssl-kv-Iqƒ).

A-º-e-∏p-g: F-S-Xz tKmhn-μ-dmw `-h-\n¬ ]-tc-Xcm-b C-c-´ ssh-Zy≥ tKmhn-μ cm-a≥-˛ Pm-\-In Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ {]-k-∂Ip-am¿ (56). `m-cy: {io-tZhn. G-I-a-Iƒ: {io-{]n-b.

A-¶-½ hÀ-¡n

ap-´-∏-≈n: ap-´-∏-≈n s\√n-aq-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Nm≠n-bp-sS `m-cy km-dm-Ω (94). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v c≠n-\v ap-°q-´p-X-d Ak≥-j≥ am¿-tØm-Ωm ]-≈n- sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ : tXm-a-kv-Ip-´n, X¶-®≥, tam-\n-®≥, Ip™q-™-Ω, X-¶-Ω. a-cpa-°ƒ : X-¶-Ω, sIm-®ptamƒ, tam-fn, kv-I-dn-b, ]-tc-X-\m-b Cu-∏≥.

Xn-S-\m-Sv: I-tcm-´p-]pt≈m-en¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI kn h¿-°n-bp-sS `mcy A-∂-Ω (85). kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn. ]-tc-X ss]-I Xq-°p-gn-bn¬ IpSpw-_m-Kw. a-°ƒ: ta-cn, A-∏-®≥, X-¶-®≥, tdmk-Ω, kq-k-Ω, tdm-bn. acp-a-°ƒ: Nm-t°m-®≥, ta-cn, en-√n-kv, B-K-kv‰n≥, tXm-a-kv, Pm≥-kn.

\m-cm-b-W s]m-Xp-hmÄ ]-ø∂ - q¿: A-∂q¿ ]-Sn™m-sd I-cb - n-se ap≠y-Øv \m-cm-W s]m-Xphmƒ (78). tIm-tdmw kztZ-in-bm-Wv. `m-cy: Im¿Xym-b\ - n.

I-cp-h-©m¬: hm-bm-´p]-d-ºn-se B-Zy-Im-e IpSn-tb-‰ I¿-j-I≥ ]q-∏n≈n¬ B-K-kv-Xn (]m-∏®≥-˛85). `m-cy: c-b-tcmw sIm-®p-∏-d-ºn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw I-{Xo-\.

Sn sI {io\- nh- m-k³

B-en-kv

Xn-cp-h√ - : sN-ß∂ - q¿ F-kv.F≥.Un.]n bq-\nb≥ ap≥ {]-kn-U‚pw Zo¿-LI - m-ew Xn-cp-aq-e]p-cw F-kv.F≥.hn ssl-kI v- qƒ sl-Ua v- mÃ-dp-am-bn-cp-∂ Xn-cp-aq-e]p-cw tXm-´° - m-´v c-am \nhm-kn¬ Sn sI {io-\nhm-k≥ (90). kw-kI v- mcw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11.30\v ho-´p-hf - ∏ - n¬. 1970I-fp-sS Xp-S° - Øn¬ sN-ß∂ - q¿ Fkv.F≥.Un.]n bq-\nb≥ {]-kn-U‚ v, ]n-∂o-Sv Xn-cp-h√ - F-kv.F≥.Un.]n bq-\n-b≥ ÿm]-I {]-kn-U‚ v, F-kv.F≥.Un.]n tbm-Kw Ub-dI - Sv- ¿ t_m¿-Uv AwKw, F-kv.F≥. {S-Ãv t_m¿-Uw-Kw, tI-cf - kvt‰-‰v k¿-ho-kv s]≥-jt\-gk v- v bq-\n-b≥ kwÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰n-bw-Kw, Pn√m ssh-kv {]-kn-U≥-dv, sse-{_-dn Iu¨-kn¬ Xm-eq-°v ssh-kv {]-knU‚ v, Xn-cp-aq-e] - p-cw alm-Xa v- m-Km-‘n kva - m-cI {K-Ÿim-em {]-kn-U‚ v F-∂o \n-eI - f - n¬ {]-h¿Øn-®n-´p-≠v. Fkv.F≥.hn ssl-kI v- qƒ sl-Ua v- m-Ãd - m-bn 27 h¿jw tk-h\ - a-\p-jvTn-®p. {io-aq-ew {]-Pm-k`- mw-Kam-bn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X\ - m-b hm-eb - n¬ sIm-®p-Ip™v ssh-Zy-cp-sS a-I\ - mWv. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b sI. c-am-`m-bn. (dn-´. hnZym-`ym-k sU-]yq-´n Ub-dI - Sv- ¿). a-°ƒ: {]-^. an-\n {io\n-hm-k≥ (tZ-hk - zw t_m¿-Uv ]-ºm tIm-fP - v ]-cp-ae - ), am-b (Xn-cp-h\ - ¥-]p-cw Pn-√m k-lI - c - W _m-¶v im-J sh-ºmbw), ao-cm cm-P≥ (am¿tØm-a d-kn-U≥-jy¬ kvI - qƒ, Xn-cp-h√ - ), tc-J, A-Pn-Xv {io-\n-hm-k≥ (_yq-tdm No-^v, am-[y-aw, sIm-√w). a-cp-a° - ƒ: Fw sI i-in-[c - ≥ (dn-´. FIvk - n-Iyq-´o-hv Hm-^n-k¿, Pn-√m k-lI - c - W - _m-¶v ]-Ø\ - w-Xn-´), A-Uz. Fw tam-l\ - ≥, F≥ Un cm-P≥, F ]n tam-l≥Zm-kv, sI F-kv kp-teJ (A-[ym-]n-I, Sn.Un. l-b¿-sk-°≥-Ud - n kvIqƒ B-e∏ - p-g).

tIm-g-t©-cn: sX-t°-ae ]p-tØ-Øv sIm-®n-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI Fw am-Øp-Æn-bp-sS `m-cy (sIm-®p-Æp-Æn-) B-enkv( 84 ). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-bv°v 12.-30\v tImg-t©-cn sk‚ v tXm-akv am¿-tØm-Ωm ]-f-fnskan-tØcnbn¬. ]-tcX tIm-g-t©-cn sh-≈mtd-Øv t]-cq-°m-´v a-ebn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. a-°ƒ: {]-km-Zv, ‰n‰n, jm-Pn, Nm¿-fn, sIm®p-tam≥, ssj-emtamƒ.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-: -tdmk-Ω, \m≥-kn, B-\n, en-kn, Pn-\n, sP-kv-en ]\-th-en.-

Ip-a-c-Iw: kw-kvIr-X]-Wv-Un-X-\pw Im-hy-kpc-`n A-£-c-t«m-I k-Z v Aw-K-hp-am-bn-cp-∂ ]-fl-hn-em-k-Øn¬ F sI -hm-kp (92). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-Ωn-Wn. a-°ƒ: ]n -]n -Nn-Zw-_c≥, k-tcm-P-\n, N-{μ≥, h-¬k-Ω, im-¥-Ω, kptZ-h≥, Ip-™p-tamƒ, sse-e-Ω, ]-tc-X-\m-b chn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-io-e, {]n-bw-h-Z, cm-P≥, i-in, tkm-^n, ]n F-kv c-Lp, i-in ]-d-ºn¬, ]-tc-X\m-b hn-izw-`-c≥.

t_-_nG-eq¿: Ip-‰n-°m-´p-Ic - ]tc-X\m-b hn-ap-‡`- S- ≥ dm-tl-en-s‚ `m-cy t__n(83).

hÀ-Ko-kv Im-´n-°p-fw: I-√p-hm-Xp°¬ tPm-Wn-bp-sS aI≥ Im-´n-°p-f-sØ tdj≥I-S hym-]m-cn-bm-b sI ]n h¿-Ko-kv (kÆn˛44). kw-kv-Im-cw ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v sk‚ v ]o-t‰-gv-kv ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

s]m-Å-te-äp Nn-In-Âk-bn-en-cp-¶ho-«-½- a-c-n¨p-

A-ta-cn-¡-bn \n-cym-X-\m-bn

km-dm-½

kw-kv-Ir-X ]-Wv-Un-X³ F -sI -hm-kp

22 am¿®v 2014 i\n

B-K-k-vXn

A-Ðp-Ã-¡p-«n F-S∏ - mƒ: ]-¥m-hq¿ Ihp-ßn¬ A-–p-√° - p-´n (Ip-™n-am≥ ˛65).

ssk-X-e-hn

sa-änÂ-U \-Sh - b - ¬: am-\¥ - h - m-Sn s{]m-hn≥-kv, kn.-Fw.kn k-`mw-Ka - m-b kn sa-‰n¬U (75). k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ A-∂° - p-´n tPm-k^ - v, ta-cn sk-_m-Ãy≥, kn tPm-kve - n-b ta-cn kn.Fw.-kn. \-Sh - b - ¬.

Nn-¶-½ Xn-cp-Øn-°m-Sv: Nn-d-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b kn hn tPm¿Pn-s‚ `m-cy Nn-∂-Ω (94). a-°ƒ: eo-em-Ω, en-kn, tam≥-kn (A-[ym-]-I≥, hm-bv ]q-cv ap-l-Ω-Z≥ kvIqƒ) ]-tc-X-bm-b Ip™p-tamƒ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn Fw X-ºn, Sn sP kmap-th¬, am-Xyp sI Nmt°m, km-en. ]-tc-X ]-cnbm-cw ]m-e-aq-´n¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv.

kp-tc-{µ³ am-ln: a-ßm-Sv N-t{μmØv Xm-sg Ip-\n-bn¬ Sn sI kp-tc-{μ≥ (50). ]tc-X\ - m-b hn-ap-‡ `-S≥ Ip-™n-°Æ - s - ‚-bpw Iu-ke - y-bp-sS-bpw a-I\m-Wv. `m-cy: ]-fln-\n. a°ƒ: kp-c\ - y, i-cW - y, kva - n-Øv. a-cp-aI - ≥: cPn¬. k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: kp-tc-jv (apw-ss_), kp[.

aq-e-a-‰w-: Xo-s∏m-≈-te‰p Nn-In-¬k-bn-em-bn-cp∂- ho-´-Ω- a-c-W-a-S-™p. ]-{XG-P-‚ v Ip-f-am-hv N°pw- aq-´n¬- k-Æn-bp-sS`m-cy- ta-gv-kn- (39) B-Wv hn-P-b-\m-Y ]-Wn-¡À a-c-W-a-S-™-Xv. I-gn-™a-Wn-a-e: X-®-cn-°¬ aT- H-º-Xn-\v ho-´n¬- ]m-NØn¬ Sn sI hn-P-b-\mIw- sN-øp-tºmƒ a-sÆY ]-Wn-°¿ (54). F≥.ÆH-gn-®v Xo- I-Øn-°pF-kv.F-kv. s]m≥-Ip-∂- ∂-Xn-\n-sS km-cn-bn¬- ]w Xm-eq-°v bq-\n-b≥ `-c- S-¿-∂p]n-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿-∂v F-d-Wm-Ip-fW-k-an-Xn Aw-Kw, X-®-cnØp kz-Im-cy- B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-¬- {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂°¬ {io-`-{Z-Im-fn t£se- a-c-W-a-S-™p. kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v Ip-f-am-hv sk{Xw tZ-h-kzw {]-kn-U‚ v, tN-\-∏m-Sn ]q-X-°p-gn ‚ v ta-co-kv ]-≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. ]-tc-X- sN-dp{io-Ir-jv-W-kzm-an- t£- tXm-Wn- I-f-{X-h-b¬- Ip-Spw-_m-Kw-. a-°-ƒ:- tkm-\p, k-©p. {Xw `-c-W-k-an-Xn I-ho\¿, B-e-{] {io-`-{Z ]-Sb-Wn-kw-Lw ap-Jy c£m-[n-Im-cn, B-e-{] 976˛mw \-º¿ F≥.F-kv.F-kv. I-c-tbm-Kw {]-kn- G-gw-Ip-fw: a-cw ap-dn-°pU‚ v, bq-\n-b≥ {]-Xn-\n- ∂-Xn-\n-sS h-S-Øn¬-\n[n, B¿.F-kv.F-kv ∂p ]n-Sn-hn-´v \n-e-Øp-ho_u-≤n-I {]-ap-Jv F-∂-o W sXm-gnem-fn-bp-sS tZ\n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n- l-Øv X-Sn ho-Wp a-cn-®p. ´p-≠v. `m-cy: iym-a-fm-tZhn a-√-∏-f-fn ]-Sp-tXm-Sv ]- G-gw-Ip-fw sh-≈-]m-d apd-ºq-cn-√-Øv Ip-Spw-_mw- cn-t∏¬ ho-´n¬ i-in-bmWv (55) a-cn-®-Xv. hym-gm-gvKw. a-°ƒ: hn-\o-X, i¿N ssh-Io-´v sh-≈-]m-d Ωn-f. a-cp-a-I≥: a-t\m-Pv (]n-®-\m-´ tIm-´m-߬). ap-cn-t∏¬ `m-K-Øv tX°pa-cw ap-dn-°p-∂-Xn-\nkw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v c-≠n\p ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. sS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. h-S-Øn¬\n-∂p ssI-hn-´v \n-eØpho-W i-in-bp-sS tZ-l-tØ-bv-°v A-tX-a-cw hoA-½n-Wn A-e-Iv-km-−À gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-S≥X-s∂ A-Sq¿ P-\-d¬ B-iptIm-g-t©-cn: am-cm-a¨ ]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bnX-´mw-]m-d-bv-°¬ ]-tc-X- √. kw-kv-Im-cw ]o-∂n-Sv. `m-cy: X-¶-Ω. a-°ƒ: A\m-b ]n Sn A-e-Iv-km\n¬, k-\n¬.≠-dp-sS `m-cy A-Ωn-Wn A-e-Iv-km-≠¿(87). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v ap-∂n-\v am-cm-a¨ am¿tØm-Ωm ]-≈n- sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. ]-tc-X I-cn- Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: Kp-cp-hm-bq°m-´q¿ A-ºm-´v tXm-´¿ t£-{X-Øn¬ D-¬k-hØn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am]-I¿-® hm-ßm-s\-ØnWv. a-°ƒ: tXm-a-kv Ab tZ-h-kzw ap≥ Po-h-\e-Iv-km-≠¿, tP-°-_v A-e-Iv-km-≠¿, ta-cn ^n- °m-c≥ Ip-g-™pho-Wv en-∏v, em-en am-Xyp. a-cp-a- a-cn-®p. Xn-cp-sh-¶n-Sw l°ƒ: -sU-bv-kn, A-\o-\, cn-\n-hm-kn¬ in-h-i-¶-ctPm-k-^v ^n-en-∏v, tam-\- ≥ \m-b-cm-Wv(67) a-cn-®®≥. Xv. cm-hn-se F-´v a-Wntbm-sS ]-Sn-™m-sd \-Sbn¬ ]-I¿-® hm-ßm≥ \n¬-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Ip-g-™pho-W C-t±-l-sØ `Iv-X-cpw Po-h-\-°m-cpw tN¿-∂v tZ-h-kzw sa-Un-°¬ sk‚-dn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®ncp-∂p. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se F-´n-\v Kp-cp-hmbq¿ \-K-c-k-` hm-X-I iv-a-im-\-Øn¬. `m-cy: cp-‹Wn (am-t\-P¿, Kp-cp-hm-bq¿ t£-{Xw). a-°ƒ: l-cn\m-cm-b-W≥ (Zp-ss_), l-cn-{]-km-Zv (jm¿-P). a-cpa-°ƒ: {]-ho-W, Zo-]v-Xn.

ap-dn-¡p-¶-Xn-\n-sS acw ho-Wv sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-¨p

Kp-cp-h-bqÀ t£-{X-¯n ap³ Po-h-\-¡m-c³ Ip-g-ªpho-Wv a-cn-¨p

a-dn-b-½ tk-hyÀ

`hm-\n-b-½

tPmÀ-Pp-Ip-«n

A-¶-½

Nm-t¡m

tN¿-Ø-e: \-K-c-k-` 12˛mw hm¿-Uv ]p-Ø≥]p-c-bv-°¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b X-¶-∏≥ ]n-≈-bp-sS `mcy `-hm-\n-b-Ω (73) \ncym-X-bm-bn. kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: tk-Xp-`m-bn(-A[ym-]n-I \o-e-Kn-cn),-hnP-b-Ip-am¿,-kn-‘p-`mbn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-\n-hmk≥(-F-F-kv-sF,s\-Spap-Sn),-P-b-{in,-]-tc-X-\mb hn-izw-`-c≥.

Ip-∂-¥m-\w: N-°pw-aq´n¬ a-e-bn¬ tPm¿-Pp-Ip´n (]o-‰¿˛ 55). `m-cy: tacn-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: tPm-_n, tPm-Pn, tPm-an. a-cp-a-I≥: {]-km-Zv-. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v ]-{¥-≠n-\v h-≈-a-e sk-ln-tbm≥ Hm¿-ØtUm-Œ-kv ]-≈n-bn¬.

Nm-em-∏-≈n: ta-Øm-\w Nn-‰q¿ tPm-k-^v Nmt°m-bp-sS `m-cy A-∂-Ω (66). a-°ƒ: k-Pn, Pn-Pn, d-Pn (Ip-ssh-Øv), tPmPn, en-Pp, jm-Pn, tkm-Pn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B≥-kn, tj¿-fn, an-ln-X, Pn-\p. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 11.30\v sh-´n-° ]p-c-bn-Sw sk‚ v sk-_m-Ãy≥ ItØm-en-°m -]-≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. ]-tc-X s\-Spw-Ip-∂w tXm-ºnbn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv.

ap-°q¿: h-S-h-∏-Sn ]-\-®n°¬ h-´-t»-cn¬ X-S-Øn¬ Nm-t°m Nm-t°m (]m∏-®≥˛ 87). `m-cy: a-dn-bmΩ Ip-∂-¥m-\w tX-°\m-s]m-bv-I-bn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: A®-≥-Ip-™v, t_-_n-®≥, eo-em-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sFhn, Pm≥-kn, tdm-bn.

A-l-½-Z-I v p-«n F-S° - c - : X-Æn-°S- h - nse h-St- °-ßc - A-lΩ - ZvI - p-´n (72). `m-cy-: D-ΩpIp¬-kp.

a-½q-«n \m-emw-ssa-¬: sI-√q-¿ Im-´n-®n-d-°-¬ a-l-√nse Pp-ap-A-Øv ]-≈n ap≥-Im-e ap-A-±n-\m-b tN°v a-Ωq-´n (65). `m-cy: ]m-Øpsh-´-≥. a-°-ƒ: k-^q-d, A-–p-√. a-cp-a°-ƒ: ssd-lm-\-Øv ]pfn-™m-¬. ssk-\p-±o-≥ I-c-Wn.

A-¼p Ip-≠w-Ip-gn: tIm-´h - b - en-se F-kv sI A-ºp (74). a-°ƒ: P-bd- mw, P-be-£va - n, k-ck - z-Xn, KtWjv, {]-km-Zv.

^m-¯n-a kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: ]m-π-t»-cn-bn-se ]-tc-X\m-b tIm-tbm-cn ho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy ^m-Øn-a (85). a-°ƒ: aq-k, e-Øo-^v, ap-kv-X^, k-eow, ssk-\-_, dw-e, ]-tc-X-bm-b Bbni.

Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n \m-bÀ

ImÀ-¯ym-b-\n

ta-cn

h-S-°m-t©-cn: a-W-enØ-d Ip-c-s\-√q¿ ta-teºm-´v Ir-jv-W≥-Ip-´n \mb¿(90). hn-ap-‡ `-S-\mWv. kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se 11\v ho-´p-h-f∏n¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b k-tcm-Pn-\n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: I-Æ-\p-Æn, ]-fl-Ip-am¿, cp-{Z-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: te-J, kp-[, {io-te-J.

sh-¶n-S-ßv: ]-tc-X-\m-b sh-¶n-S-ßn¬ X-´m≥ DÆn `m-cy Im¿-Øym-b-\n (80). a-°ƒ: tam-l-\≥, Ko-X, tim-`-\, t{]-a-Ipam¿, k-Po-hv-Ip-am¿, ]-tcX-cm-b A-P-b≥, an-\n. acp-a-°ƒ: Kn-cn-P, an-\n, cp‹m-\-μ≥, hm-kp tZh≥, Z-bm-\-μv, \n-j, ssj-tamƒ.

A-¨m-a hÀ-Ko-kv

]m-h-d-´n: ]m-ep-hm-bv tdm-Un¬ X-c-I≥ ]-d©p-Ip-´n `m-cy ta-cn(73). kw-kv-I-mcw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v ]m-h-d-´n sk‚ v tPm-k-^v Xo¿-∞ tI-{μ sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: B‚-Wn, jm-Pn, tPmk-^v, jm-_p, kp-an. a-cpa-°ƒ: jo-e, sS- n, sP n, sP-bv-k¨.

sIm-®n: tIm-X-aw-K-ew C-cp-a-e-∏-Sn C-cp-a (I¬∏n-ß-°p-Sn) ]-tc-Xm-b sI Fw h¿-Ko-kn-s‚ `mcy A-®m-a h¿-Ko-kv (81). a-°ƒ: a-Øm-bn, km-en, ta-cn, an-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sP-kn, t_-_n, G-en-bmkv, X-ºn.

ssh-im-Jv

ao-\m-£n-b-½

X-e-°p-f-Øq¿: ]-d-ºØv _-km-dn-\p k-ao-]w ]m-e-∏-d-º-Øv ssh-imJ-Øn¬ ssh-im-Jv (24). ]nXmhv: {]-`m-Ic≥ (Ir-jv-W sS-Iv-Ãbn¬-kv ]-d-º-Øv). amXmhv: D-jm-Ip-am-cn.

s]-cn-tßmw: I-Smw-Ip∂n-se In-g-°-bn¬ ao\m-£n-b-Ω (82). `¿Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b KwKm-[-c ]-Wn-°¿. a-°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ω, cm-P-ti-Jc≥, cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥, cm-tP-{μ {]-km-Zv.

lp-kbv³- lm-Pn

]n sI tIm-b au-em-\ BÀ-P-h-ap-Å ]-Þn-X³: C-amw-kv Iu¬-kn Xn- c p- h - \ - ¥ - ] p- c w: k- a q- l Øn¬ \n-∂v A-{]-Xy-£-am-bns°m- ≠ n- c n- ° p- ∂ B¿- P - h - a p≈ ]-fin-X-cn¬ D-∂-X ÿm\o- b - \ m- W v A- ¥ - c n- ® ]n sI tIm-b au-em-\-sb-∂v Hmƒ C¥ym C- a mw- k v Iu¨- k n¬ kw-ÿm-\ k-an-Xn A-\p-kv-acn-®p. {]- X n- k - ‘ n L- ´ - ß - f n- ¬ , {]- t Xy- I n- ® v ]q- ¥ p- d t]m- e p≈ {]-tZ-i-Øv k-ap-Zm-b-sØ ap- ∂ n¬ \n- ∂ v \- b n- ° p- I - b pw Zn- i m- t _m- [ w \¬- I p- I - b pw sN- b v - X ]- fi n- X - \ m- W v Ct±lw. `-c-W-kn-cm tI-{μ-amb Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-c-Øv A-c- \q‰m≠n- e - [ n- I w {]- i - k v - X - a m- b H-cp ÿm-]-\-Øn-s‚-bpw a-l√n-s‚-bpw A-a-c-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-

∂n- ´ pw A- [ n- I m- c nh¿- K - h p- a mbn A-I-ew ]m-en-°p-I-bpw ]fin-X-s‚ am-Xr-I Im-Øp-kq£n- ° p- I - b pw sN- b v - X C- t ±lw k- a pZm- b - Ø n- s ‚ G- I - X bv - ° p- t h- ≠ n \n- e - s Im- ≈ p- I bpw `n- ∂ - X - b p- s S kz- c - ß - s f i- ‡ - a m- b n \n- c m- I - c n- ° p- I bpw sN- b v - X p. k- a p- Z m- b - Ø ns‚- b pw k- a p- Z m- b t\- X r- X zØn-s‚-bpw im-‡o-I-c-W {ia-߃-°v I-e-h-d-bn-√m-Ø ]n¥p-W-bm-Wv A-t±-lw \¬-Inb-Xv. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ hn-tbm-Kw ap-kv-enw k-ap-Zm-b-Øn-\v \n-IØm-\m-hm-Ø hn-S-hm-Wv kr„n-®-sX-∂pw Hmƒ C-¥ym Camw- k v Iu¨- k n- ¬ kw- ÿ m\ k-an-Xn A-`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p.

a-¶-S: sh-≈n-e tN-dq¿ lp-kbv≥ lm-Pn (67). `mcy: a-dn-bp-Ω. a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv, A-_q-_-°¿, DΩ¿ (Pn-±), A-–p-√, djo-Zv, d-^o-Jv, dq-_n-b, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A∫m-kv, sam-bv-Xp.

A-Pn-Ip-amÀ s]-cn-tßmw: h-ßm-Sv NmØ≥-]m-db - n-se sI ]n A-Pn-Ip-am¿ (59). N-ß\ - m-t»-cn-bn-se ]-tcX-\m-b ]p-cp-tjm-Øa - s‚-bpw k-tcm-Pn-\n-bp-sSbpw a-I\ - m-Wv. `m-cy: kpa-Xn. a-°ƒ: kp-\n-X, AtP-jv. a-cp-a° - ƒ: k-Pn, cm-Pn-I.

Im-hm-ew: In-g-t°-tN∂w-I-cn an-{X-°-cn I-h-ebv-°¬ sI kn tk-hy-dns‚ (A-∏-®≥) `m-cy a-dnb-Ω tk-hy¿ (79). kwkv-Im-cw C-∂v Im-hm-ew sk‚ v sX-tc-km-kv ]≈n-bn¬. ]-tc-X sh-fn-b{io-Pn-¯v am-Xyp \m-Sv sa-Xn-°-fw Ip-Spw\qd \ mS v : a‰ ∏ ≈ n {iotIm-g-t©-cn: B-d-∑p-f _mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: IphnZ ym` h \ Ø n¬ tKm] nXm-a-c-t»-cn aT-Øn¬ Sn ™p-tam≥ ({_-Z¿ sN-dn\m-Y≥ ]n-≈-bp-sS-bpw Sn am-Xyp (D-Æn-Ip-™v bm≥ I-h-e-bv-°¬ ˛ ˛92). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o- iym-a-f-bp-sS-bpw a-I≥ {io-Pn-Øv (29). k-tlm-Z- t]m-´ Un-ssh≥ Sow AwSv. `m-cy: No-°-\m¬ taKw, Imw-tIm A-Ømcn: {io-hn-Zy. k-tlm-Z-cn te-Xn¬ em-en. a-°ƒ: Wn), F-¬-k-Ω k-Æn `¿Ø mh v : cX oj v . cm-P-Ω, s]m-∂-Ω, Hm-a(tIm-kv-tam s]m-fn-‰≥ \, Ip-™q-™-Ω, kqB-ip-]-{Xn, Xn-cp-h-\-¥C{ _ml ow kn, km-en, k-t¥m-jv. a- D-cp-h-®m¬: a-W-°m-bn ]p-cw), Ip-™p-tamƒ, cp-a-°ƒ: -Ip-™p-tam≥ , sIm-®p-t{X-kym-Ω, BX-¶-®≥, tPm-bn, tIm-in, Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv ap≥ {]-kn- \n-Ω, P-bnw-kp-Ip-´n (ayqU‚pw tIm¨{ Kk v t\k-Æn, jm-Pn, kp-an.kn-Iv hn-`m-Kw ˛-UnXm-hp-am-b a-W-°m-bn ssh≥, jm¿-P), dm-Wn kd o\ m a≥k ne n¬ ]n cm-L-h³ (ap-Øq-‰v ^n≥-tIm¿-∏v, ]n C-{_m-low (65). dn]-ø-∂q¿: ku-Øv s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c), kp-teF¬.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\-Sp-Ø kv-hm-\ _-kv D-S-a-bmjv (sk‚ v ta-co-kv F-®vsI hn cm-L-h≥ (65). `m- Wv. `m-cy: kn ]n kp-lF-kv-F-kv, N-º-°p-fw). d. a° ƒ: dk mJ v , dmk ncy: c-am-h-Xn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tam-fn-Ω h-Sa-°ƒ: _n-μp (A-[ym-]n- Jv (Zp-_-bv), d-jo-Z, it°-°p-‰v (a-t©-cn), kI), _o-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm- °o-e, k-do-\, dn-kv-hmÆn-®≥ (hn-ap-‡-`-S≥) \ (Zp-_-bv). P-ti-J-c≥. tN-∏n-e ]p-Ø≥-]-d-ºv (cm-a-¶-cn), Pn-Ωn-®≥ aW-te¬ (a-W-em-Sn), tPm¿-Pv-Ip-´n C-e-™n°¬ (Ip-∂-¶-cn), Pn-Ωn®≥ Nn-d-Ø-d (am-ºp-g-°cn), _o-\ \m-ev-]-Ø©n¬ (F-S-Xz), kv-‰p-h¿´v (_n-kn-\-kv, s\-øm‰n≥-I-c), jm-Pn Nm-W-I°-fw (ssI-\-I-cn).

Ip-ªp-tam³ ]p-∂-bq¿-°p-fw: \mt°m-e Xq-º-\m-Øv ]-dºv X-®n-bn¬ Ip-™ptam≥ (83). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v. `m-cy: tZ-hp. a-°ƒ: hn-Pb≥, Kn-co-i≥, h¬-k-e, Pm-\-In, hn-em-kn-\n. a-cpa-°ƒ: _n-μp, {]-k-∂, kp-Ip-am-c≥, tam-l-\≥, in-h-cm-a≥.

A-ÐpÄ d-Òm³-Ip-«n s]cp-ºm-hq¿: d-tbm¨]p-cw A-ºm-S≥ _ocm≥ a-I≥ A-–pƒd“m≥-Ip-´n (75) `m-cy: JZo-P. a-°ƒ: an-{in-b, Bkm-Zv, k\n-X. a-cp-a° - ƒ: Ip-™p-ap-lΩ - Z- v, jn-Pn, A-–pƒ J - m-Z¿.

B-an-\ a-´m-t©-cn: Np-f-fn-°¬ aT-Øn¬-]-d-ºn¬ _m-hbp-sS `m-cy B-an-\ (78). a-°ƒ: lw-kp, A-ko-kv, lp-ssk≥, Cu-k, kpss_¿, km-Zn-Jv, A≥km¿, D-kv-am≥, \-ko-a, dw-e, l-b-dp-∂o-k, ssee, ko-\-Øv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: km-en-lv, A_p, A-ko-kv, \m-k¿, A-ko-kv, B-_n-Z, d-“Øv, d-ln-b, ku-Z, k\w, jm-Pn-en, \-Po-\, sdPn-e.

an-\n

hm-S-I ho-«n bp-h-Xn Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

]m-h-d-´n: bp-h-Xn-sb hm-S-I ho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \ne-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. tk-ew tIm-´m-ta-Sv sh-ßq¿ kztZ-in i-¶-dn-s‚ `m-cy tZ-hn(20)sb-bm-Wv Im-°-t»cn hn-Zy-hn-lm¿ kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]-ap-≈ C-e-h-{¥ at\m-l-c-s‚ D-S-a-ÿ-X-bn-ep-≈ hm-S-I Izm-t´-gvkn¬ C-∂-se cm-hn-se G-tgm-sS- Xq-ßn-b \n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. D-S≥ ]m-h-d-´n km≥-tPm-kv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-seØn-®p-sh-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®n-cp-∂p. sI-´n-S \n¿-am-W sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-b i-¶-dpw Ip-Spw-_-hpw ]Øp h¿-j-am-bn-´v tI-c-f-Øn-ep-≠v. aq-∂p h¿-jw apºm-Wv Im-°-t»-cn-bn-se hm-S-I-ho-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. ]m-h-d-´n t]m-en-kv ÿ-e-sØ-Øn ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv-‰p-am¿-´-Øn-\p tijw \m-´n-se-Øn-®v kw-kv-°-cn-°pw. a-°ƒ: tKmIp¬, \n-[o-jv.

bp-h-Xn- B-ß-l-Xy sN-bv-Xp

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: bp-h-Xn-sb ho-Sn-\-I-Øv Xo-sIm-fpØn B-fl-l-Xy sN-bv-X \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. shtßm-e I-º-\n-∏-Sn kz-tZ-in l-cn-Zm-kv `-h-\n¬ lcn-Zm-kn-s‚ `m-cy kp-I-\y (36)sb-bm-Wv tZ-l-Øv asÆ-Æ-sbm-gn-®v Xo-sIm-fp-Øn B-fl-l-Xy sN-bvX \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. ho-´n-\-I-Øv\n-∂p ]q´n-b \n-e-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p hm-Xn¬-. Ip-Spw-_ h-g-°mhmw a-c-W-Im-c-W-sa-∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. a-I≥: {io-l-cn.

\nÀ-am-Ws¯m-gn-em-fn s{S-bn³X-«n a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

B-ep-h: sa-t{Sm sd-bn¬ \n¿-am-W sXm-gn-em-fn-sb s{S-bn≥X-´n a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. ]-›n-a _w-Kmƒ kz-tZ-in-bm-b B-jn-Jv Nn-‡m-dn-s‚ aI≥ hn-iz-Pn-Xv (27)s\-bm-Wv C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® s{Sbn≥ X-´n a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ B-ep-h A-ºm-´v Im-hn-\p k-ao-]w sd-bn¬-th- {Sm-°n¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. G-sd \m-fm-bn sIm-®n sa-t{Sm sd-bn-¬ \n¿amW tPm-en sN-bv-Xph-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Xm-a-k-ÿ-eØv\n-∂p h-cp-∂ h-gn-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw \-S-∂-sX-∂v kw-i-bn-°p-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw B-ep-h Pn-√m B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ t]m-Ãp-am¿-´w \-S-Øn-b-Xn-\v ti-jw _‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´v sIm-Sp-Øp.

sX-§nÂ\n-¶v ho-Wp a-cn-¨p Ko-X{io-aq-e-\-K-cw: ]p-en-{]Ip-‰n-°m-´v hn-P-b-hn-emk-Øn¬ c-ho-{μ-s‚ `mcy Ko-X(53).kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cm-hn-se 10\p ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: {io-c-RvPn-\n, {io-e-£v-an.

h-S-t°-°-c: ]m-ey-Øpcp-Øv I-c-bn¬ ]-\-b-∏p- a-½p d-Øv ho-´n¬ _n-\p-hnIm-™n-tcm-Sv: ]m-d°¬ a-Ωp (65). s‚ `m-cy an-\n(38).

N-h-d: a-cw I-b-‰-sØm-gn-emfn sX-ßn¬\n-∂v ho-Wv a-cn®p. tX-h-e-°-c ]m-e-bv-°¬ ]-d-Øq¿ sX-°-Xn¬ hn tKm-]n-bm-Wv(60) a-cn-®-Xv. _p-[-\m-gv-N k-ao-]-sØ ]pc-bn-S-Øn-se sX-ßn¬ I-bdp-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂p A]-I-Sw. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cnt°-‰ C-bmƒ sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-cn-s° C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® a-c-n-®p. `mcy: h-¬-k-e. a-°ƒ: hn-jv-Wp, hn-t\m-Zv.

t«m-bv-¡p- ap-I-fn a-cw ho-Wv I-s−-bv-\À tem-dn Im-dn-en-Sn-¨v bp-h F³Pn-\o-bÀ a-cn-¨p Hmho-«-½ a-cn-¨p

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv/I-Æq¿: am-Xm-hns‚ a-cW - m-\¥ - c - ®S-ßp-If - n¬]-s¶-Sp-°m-≥ t]m-b Ip-Spw-_wk-©-cn-® Im-dn¬- I-s≠-bv-\¿tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v- bph F≥Pn-\o-bdmb a-I≥- a-cn-®p.- ]n-Xm-hn-\pw aq-∂v- k-tlm-Z-c-߃-°pw- Kp-cpX-cambn ]-cn-t°-‰p. tIm-gn-t°mSv ]m-hß - m-Sv ]p-Øq¿- ko-\m πmkv‰ - n-Ivk - n-\v- k-ao-]w- In-g° - p-ho´n¬- ]-dº - n¬- aT-Øn¬ ap-lΩ - Zvt- Im-bb - p-sS a-I\pw F≥Pn-\ob-dp-amb- ln-jmw- ap-l-Ω-Zv (35) B-Wv a-cn-®X - v. Kp-cp-Xc - a - m-bn- ]-cn-t°-‰ ap-lΩ-Zvt- Im-b (67)sb-bpw- a-°f - m-bXu-ko-^, lm-jn-^v, l-ko-^v F-∂n-hs - cbpw tIm-gn-t°m-Sv - saUn-°¬- tIm-f-Pv- B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬- {]-th-in-∏n-®p.-

sXm-≠-bm-Sv- ss_]m-kvPMvj-\n¬- sh-≈n-bm-gv-N ]pe¿-s® 5.-25\m-bncp∂p A-]-ISw.- am-hq¿- tdm-Un-¬- \n-∂p- h-cnI-bm-bn-cp-∂ I-s≠-bv\¿ temdn Im-dn-s\ C-Sn-®p-sX-dn-∏n-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- a-em-]-d-ºv- tdm-Unte-°v- sX-dn-®p-ho-W Im-dns‚-

ss{U-h¿- ko-‰n¬- Ip-Sp-ßn-b ln-jm-an-s\ _o-®v- ^-b¿-t^m-gvkv- F-Øn- Im¿- sh-´n-s]m-fn-®mWv- ]p-ds - Ø-Sp-ØX - v. c-≠pZn-h-kw- apºm-Wv- lnjm-an-s‚ amXmhv l^vk a-cn-®Xv. a-c-Wm-\-¥-c®-S-ßp-I-fn¬]-s¶-Sp-°m-≥ D-Ω-bp-sS hm-g°m-s´ ho-´n¬ t]m-hp-tºm-gm-bncp-∂p- A-]I - S- w.G-sdIm-ew- J-Ø-dnem-bn-cp∂ Ip-Spw-_w- am-Xm-hn-\v tcm-Kw aq¿-On-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v \m-ep Zn-h-kw ap-ºm-Wv tIm-gn-t°ms´-Øn-b-Xv. ln-jm-an-s‚ `m-cy: X-fn-∏-d-ºn-se {]-i-kv-X sU‚¬ tUm-Œ¿ Sn A-–p¬ k-a-Zns‚ a-I-ƒ \n-jv-\ (J-Ø-dn¬ F≥-Pn-\o-b-dm-Wv). a-°ƒ: lbm≥, l-k.

Xp-Δq¿: Hm-Sn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂ Hmt´m-bv-°p- ap-I-f-n¬ a-cw- s]m-´nho-Wv ho-´-Ω -a-cn-®p. ]m-bn-∏p√n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b ]p-∂-dm-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ \m-Wn-bp-sS `mcy J-Zo-P(51)bm-Wv X¬£Ww a-cn-®-Xv. Iq-sS-bp-≠mb a-°-ƒ Pm-^¿(27), d-Po\(30) F-∂n-h-sc Kp-cp-X-c-]-cn°p-I-tfm-sS s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®p.

C-∂-se cm-hn-se 10HmsSbm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. ]m-bn-∏p-√nse ho-´n¬-\n-∂p a-t©-cn-bnte-°p t]m-hp-∂-Xn-\n-sS \n-eºq¿˛s]-cp-ºn-em-hv kw-ÿm-\ ]m-Xbnse- ]q-°p-Øv td-j≥-]Sn-°p k-ao-]-am-Wv A-]-I-Sw. Xq-ßn-°n-S-∂n-cp-∂ B¬-a-cØn-s‚ sIm-ºv Hm-t´m-bv-°p apI-fn-¬ -ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. aI≥ Pm-^-dm-bn-cp-∂p Hm-t´m HmSn-®n-cp-∂-Xv.

ss_-¡p-IÄ Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn A-ºm-Sn \-gv-k-dn-°v k-ao-]w Ccp-N-{I-hm-l-\-߃ Iq-´n-bn-Sn®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. a-s‰m-cmƒ-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. C-∂v cm-hn-se-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn-bn¬ \n-∂v B\-ßm-Sn-bn-te-°v h-cn-I-bm-bncp-∂ ss_-°v bm-{X-°m-c≥ B-\-ßm-Sn -F-c-™n-°¬ lukn¬- jm-lp¬ l-ao-Zv (34) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. c-≠m-a-sØ ss_°n¬ bm-{XsN-bv-Xn-cp-∂ B-\ßm-Sn kz-tZ-in In-g-°-s‚ ]p-cbn¬ A-en A-Iv_-dn-s\ (22) ]Kq-U-√q¿: bp-hm-hn-s\ hn-jw A-I-ØpsN-∂p a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I- cn-°p-I-tfm-sS sa-Un-°¬ tIms≠-Øn. ta¬ Kq-U-√q¿ sI sI tIm-f-\n-bn-se a-Wn-I- f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-inWvT(36)s\-bm-Wv ho-´n-\p-≈n¬ a-cn-®\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. am-Xm-hv: ∏n-®p. jm-lp-en-\v `m-cy-bpw aqk-c-kp. `m-cy: hn-P-bv. a-Iƒ: A-`n. ∂p a-°-fp-ap-≠v.

hn-jw A-I-¯psN-¶v a-cn-¨p


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thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

22 am¿®v 2014 i\n

I-s−-bv-\À tem-dn Im-dn-en-Sn-¨v bp-h F³Pn-\o-bÀ a-cn-¨p A-Ðp _-joÀ

B-−n-¡p-«n am-ÌÀ

eo-e

tPm-k-^v amÌÀ

tIm-bm-en

Ip-ªm-en-¡p-«n- lm-Pn

tKm-]m-e³ \m-bÀ

^-tdm-°:v sN-dp-hÆ - q¿ Icp-Wm- B-ip-]{- Xn-°v ]n≥h-iw \-t√m-fn Ip-™p- s‚ a-I\ - pw sN-dp-hÆ - q¿ hn-t√-Pv ^o¬-Uv Hm-^n-kdp-am-bn-cp-∂ A-–p¬ _jo¿ (51). `m-cy: km-_n-d. a°ƒ: ^m-Øn-am jn-dn≥, ^m-Øn-am jm-\. am-Xm-h:v I-Zo-si-b.v k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: A-–p-∂m-k¿, k-^n-b, A-–p¬ K-^q¿, D-ab - _ -v m\p, A-jd -v ^ - .v J-_d - S- ° - w C-∂v cm-hn-se H-ºX - n-\v sN-dp-hÆ - q¿ sX-t° Pp-apA-Øv ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

Xm-\q¿: Km-‘n-b-\pw k¿-thm-Z-b {]-h¿-Ø-I\pw dn-´. A-[ym-]-I-\pam-b Ip-∂pw-]p-dw A-Sn]-d-º-Øv F ]n B-≠n°p-´n am-ÿ (84). Xm\q¿ k-©m-c {K-Ÿm-ebw {]-kn-≤o-I-cn-®n-cp∂ sh-´w am-kn-I-bp-sS ]-{Xm-[n-]¿, Xm-\q¿ {Km-ao-W- I-em-k-an-Xn, k¿-thm-Z-b I-emk-anXn, hn-Zym-X¬-∏-c-kwLw, h-tbm-P-\ hn-ZymtI-{μw, im-kv-{Xkm-lnXy-]-cn-j-Øv, Ip-∂pw]p-dw s]m-Xp-P-\-an-{Xw hm-b-\-im-e F-∂n-h-bpsS {]-h¿-Ø-\-ß-fn¬ k-Po-h ÿm-\-Øp-≠mbn-cp-∂p. 25 h¿-j-w ]-cnbm-]p-cw sk≥-{S¬ F.bp.-]n kv-Iq-fn¬ A-[ym]-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: Im-fn-μn (dn-´. A-[ym-]nI, ]-cn-bm-]p-cw sk≥{S¬ F.-bp.-]n.-F-kv). -a°ƒ: \-ho≥, {]-ho¨, kp-_n≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jdo-\, {io-I-e, _n-\p-X. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: F ]n \m-cm-b-W≥, F ]n tKm-]m-e≥.

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: tIm-tWm´v s]-c-f-bn¬ eo-e (75). `¿-Øm-hv: I-≠-°p-´n amÿ (dn-´. A-[ym-]-I≥, Im-c-¥q¿ F.Fw.F¬.]n. kvIqƒ). a-°ƒ: hn-a-e, c-a (F-kv._n.Fw Im-en-°‰v), tam-l≥-Zm-kv, P-bIp-am¿, e-X, jm-Pn. a-cpa-°ƒ: {io-\n-hm-k≥, cho-{μ≥ (dn-´. sI.Fkv.B-¿.Sn.kn), Zm-tam-Zc≥, do-P, an-\n, _n-μp. k-©-b-\w Rm-bdmgvN.

F-S-°-c: I-em-km-K-¿-]Sn-bn-se tX-Ωm-en¬ Sn _n tPm-k-^v F-∂ t_-_n- km¿ (77). F-S°-c, ]-≈n-°p-Øv, ]mXn-cn-∏m-Sw, sIm-∂-a-Æ F-∂o K-h. -kv-Iq-fp-Ifn¬ {]-[m-\m-[-ym-]-I\m-bn tk-h-\-a-\p-jv-Tn®n-´p-≠v. `m-c-y: A-∂-Ω (-dn-´. A-[-ym-]n-I). a°ƒ: tPm-fn, sP-kn, PnPn (-am¿-tØm-am l-b¿ sk-°≥U-dn kv-Iqƒ, Np-¶-Ø-d), s_-∂n tPmk-^v(\n-¿-Ω-e l-b¿ sk-°≥U-dn kv-Iqƒ, F-cp-a-ap-≠). a-cp-a-°ƒ: t_-_n-°p-´n sIm-´m-c°-c, ]u-tem-kv _tØ-cn, tPm¿-Pv (ImtXm-en-t°-‰v l-b¿ sk°≥U-dn kv-Iqƒ, t]mØp-I¬), sU≥-kn¬ (am¿-tØm-am l-b¿ sk-°≥U-dn kv-Iqƒ, Np-¶-Ø-d). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v ap≠ am¿ C-Ωm-\p-th¬ am¿-tØm-am N¿-®v skan-tØ-cn-bn¬.

Xm-a-c-t»-cn: Iq-S-Ømbn ]q-thm-Sv Np-≠-Ip∂p-Ω¬ tIm-bm-en (80). `m-cy: B-an-\. -a°ƒ: lp-ssk≥-Ip-´n, l-k≥-tIm-b (ku-Zn), A-_v-Zp¬ d-km-Jv, A_v-Zp¬ a-Po-Zv, ap-\o¿ (Ip-ssh-Øv), A-_v-Zp -emw, ap-kv-X-^, ssk-\-_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: J-Zo-k-Ip-´n, J-Zo-P, k°o-\, P-ao-e, \-kv-dn-b, k-eo-\, ^u-kn-b. a-ønXv \a-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cmhn-se 9 \v Iq-S-Øm-bn Su¨ Pp-ap-A-Øv ]≈n-bn¬. J-_-d-S-°w 10.30\v Xm-a-c-t»-cn sI-Shq¿ Pp-ap-A-Øv-]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

sIm-t≠m-´n: ]u-c-{]-apJ≥ ]p-fn-°¬ t]-gpwIm-´n¬ s]-cpw-Ip-´-t»-cn Ip-™m-en-°p-´n- lm-Pn (92). Zo¿-L-Im-ew ]p-fn°¬ F.-Fw.-Fw. -sslkv-Iqƒ am-t\-P-cm-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: J-Zo-P-°p-´n l-÷p-Ω. -a-°ƒ: l-\o^(_-lv-d-bv≥), tUm. A-–p¬ l-eow, A–p¬- I-cow, i-co-^. a-cpa-°ƒ: a-l-_q-_v d-lvam≥ (A-_q-Z-_n), ^mØn-a-Øv kp-l-d, km-PnX, l-_o-_. -k-tlm-Zc≥: ]-tc-X-\m-b ]n ]n A-–p¬ K-^q¿ au-e-hn.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: sIm-S°m-´pw-ap-dn-bn-se tImc≥-I-≠n tKm-]m-e≥ \mb¿ (85). B-Zy-Im-e tIm¨-{K-kv {]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: A-Ωp-°p-´n-A-Ω. a-°ƒ: ap-c-fo-[-c≥, hnt\m-Z≥, k-Pn-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥(sI.F-kv.C._n. F-c-™n-°¬ sk£≥ ]m-h-ßm-Sv), ckv\, C-μp-te-J. k-©b-\w _p-[\mgvN.

Sn sI {io\- nh- m-k³

A-ÐpÂ- Jm-ZÀ -

ap-l-½-Zv A-en lm-Pn

sam-bv-Xo³-Ip-«n- lm-Pn

J-Zo-P

]-I-c: ]-tc-X-\m-b tamen-°p-´n ap-kv-eym-cp-sS a-I≥ A-–p¬-Jm-Z¿lm-Pn (62). `m-cy: B-a-n-\. a-Iƒ: kp-a-ø. a-cp-a-I≥: jm\n-_v. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Zm-Pn, Ip-™n-apl-Ω-Zm-Pn, A-–p¬- lao-Zv lm-Pn, C-{_m-lowlm-Pn.

_-m-ep-t»-cn: ]q-h-ºmbn h-b¬ sXm-Sn-I-bn¬ sam-bv-Xo≥Ip-´n-lm-Pnbp-sS a-I≥ C-´n-sIm-bntem-Øv ap-l-Ω-ZvA-enlm-Pn (58). `m-cy: ^mØn-a. a-°ƒ: Pp-ssd-Pv, A-jv-d-^v, D-ss\-k-Øv. a-cp-a-I≥: A≥-h¿ Ftf-‰n¬. k-tlm-Z-c≥: lw-k.

C-cp-ºp-gn: I-tc-°-Sh-Øv sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n lm-Pn F-∂ Ip-´ym-∏p (60). `m-cy: P-ao-e. a-°ƒ: dkn-b, _p-jv-d, k-ao¿, A≥-h¿, ^-fv-ep-¿d-lvam≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-ehn a-t©-cn, _-jo¿ Im-´p-߬, i-ao-\, Akv-\.

Ip-μa - w-Ke - w: ap-dn-b\ - m¬ Ip-f° - p-gn-bn¬ aq-kb - p-sS `m-cy J-Zo-P (80). a-°ƒ: \m-k¿, am-ap, A-ko-kv, ^m-Xzn-a, P-ao-e, B-an-\, dw-e, kp-sse-J. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-∫m-kv, A-en, sambvX - o≥, k-eow, kp-sse-J, ^u-kn-b, km-Pn-Z. J-_d - S-°w C-∂v H-ºX - n-\v Nqemw-hb - ¬ Pp-am-ak - vP - n-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

kq-c-Pv

A-Ðp-Ã

Ip-ªm-K³

D-½m-¨p

^-tdm-°v: tKm-]m-e-Irjv-W F-©n-\o-b-dn-Mv DS-a cm-P≥ Ip-f-ß-c h-t´ßm-´v cm-[m-Ir-jv-W-s‚ a-I≥ kq-c-Pv (26). am-Xmhv: kp-aw-K-en. k-tlm-Zcn: tc-jv-a. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v tKmXo-iz-cw iv-a-im-\-Øn¬.

Ip-‰ym-Sn: A-Sp-°-Øv ]tc-X-\m-b kq-∏n- lm-Pnbp-sS a-I≥ Nm-e-°-c A–p-√ (65). `m-cy: kp-sseJ (hm-Wn-ta¬). a-°ƒ: kp-lm-\, kp-ssl¬. ktlm-Z-c-߃: _n-øm-Øp, l-eo-a, A-Ω-Zv, km-d, Pam¬. a-cp-a-I≥: ap-l-Ω-Zv.

th-ß-c: ]m-e-t»-cn-am-Sv a-S-∏-≈n-∏-Sn Ip-™mK≥ (75). `m-cy: N-°n-°p´n. a-°ƒ: cm-[, Pm-\-In. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \o-e-I-WvT≥, Zm-tam-Z-c≥. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v ]-c-∏≥-Nn-\ iv-a-im-\Øn¬.

cm-a-]p-cw: A-cn-{] ]-\®n-°m-sØm-Sn A-l-Ω-ZvIp-´n-bp-sS `m-cy D-Ωm-®p (80). am-ln: a-ßm-Sv N-t{μm-Øv Xm-sg Ip-\n-bn¬ Sn sI kp-tc-{μ≥ (50).

Xn-cp-h√ - : sN-ß∂ - q¿ F-kv.F≥.Un.]n bq-\nb≥ ap≥ {]-kn-U‚pw Zo¿-LI - m-ew Xn-cp-aq-e]p-cw F-kv.F≥.hn ssl-kI v- qƒ sl-Ua v- mÃ-dp-am-bn-cp-∂ Xn-cp-aq-e]p-cw tXm-´° - m-´v c-am \nhm-kn¬ Sn sI {io-\nhm-k≥ (90). kw-kI v- mcw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11.30\v ho-´p-hf - ∏ - n¬. 1970I-fp-sS Xp-S° - Øn¬ sN-ß∂ - q¿ Fkv.F≥.Un.]n bq-\nb≥ {]-kn-U‚ v, ]n-∂o-Sv cm-a³- a-Wn-bm-Wn Xn-cp-h√ - F-kv.F≥.Ip-≠w-Ip-gn: ssI-c-fn∏m-d sN-dp-Im-\-sØ cm- Un.]n bq-\n-b≥ ÿm\m-cm-b-W s]m-Xp-hmÄ ]-I {]-kn-U‚ v, F-kv.a≥-a-Wn-bm-Wn (90). ]-ø∂ - q¿: A-∂q¿ ]-Sn`m-cy: I-Ωm-S-Øp-A-Ω. F≥.Un.]n tbm-Kw U™m-sd I-cb - n-se ap- Sv- ¿ t_m¿-Uv Awa-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-Wn, Iu- b-dI ≠y-Øv \m-cm-W s]mKw, F-kv.F≥. {S-Ãv k-ey, Ir-jv-W≥, AXp-hmƒ (78). tIm-tdmw sam-bv-Xp t_m¿-Uw-Kw, tI-cf - kvtim-I≥, tKm-]n-\m-Yv kz-tZ-in-bm-Wv. ]-tc-Xhm-Wn-ta¬: ]o-Sn-I-bp(Kƒ-^v), cm-[, hn-P-b≥ t‰-‰v k¿-ho-kv s]≥-jcm-b ap-≠y-Øv Nn-cn-b≈ ]-d-º-Øv sam-bv-Xp t\-gk v- v bq-\n-b≥ kwΩ-bp-sS-bpw hn-jvW - p \- (Kƒ-^v), Zm-£m-b-Wn. (68). `m-cy: B-bn-ip. kÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰n-bw-Kw, Pntlm-Z-c-߃: ]m-Øp, ]- ºq-Xn-cn-bp-sS-bpw a-I\ - m- a-cp-a-°ƒ: tI-fp-a-Wntc-X-cm-b a-Ωp, I-Zo-i. Wv. `m-cy: B-\n-So¬ In- bm-Wn, im-¥, ]p-jv-]-e- √m ssh-kv {]-kn-U≥-dv, J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hng-°n-\I - Ø - v Im¿-Xym-b- X, im-¥, \m-cm-b-W≥, sse-{_-dn Iu¨-kn¬ se hm-Wn-ta¬ Pp-ap-A- \n. a-°ƒ: ap-cf k-Pn-X, c-ho-{μ≥, ]-tc- Xm-eq-°v ssh-kv {]-kn- o-[c - ≥ Øv ]-≈n- J-_¿-ÿmU‚ v, Xn-cp-aq-e] - p-cw aX-\m-b Ir-jv-W≥. (Zp-_b - v), kp-{]-`. \n¬. lm-Xa v- m-Km-‘n kva - m-cI {K-Ÿim-em {]-kn-U‚ v F-∂o \n-eI - f - n¬ {]-h¿Øn-®n-´p-≠v. Fkv.F≥.hn ssl-kI v- qƒ sl-Ua v- m-Ãd - m-bn 27 h¿jw tk-h\ - a-\p-jvTn-®p. {io-aq-ew {]-Pm-k`- mw-Kam-bn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X\ - m-b hm-eb - n¬ sIm-®p-Ip™v ssh-Zy-cp-sS a-I\ - map-l-½-Zv^m-¯n-t½-bv A-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n Wv. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b Ip-Øv-I-√v: ]-tc-X-\m-b I-Sp-ßm-Øp-Ip-≠v: h-f- sI. c-am-`m-bn. (dn-´. hnC-cp-ºp-gn: h-S-°p-ap-dn, h-∂q¿ sN-d-h-∂q-cn-se In-g-t°-I-c-∏p-dw kz-tZ- bq-kp-^n-s‚ `m-cy ^mZym-`ym-k sU-]yq-´n Uin ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-d-º≥ Øn-tΩ-bv (]m-ssØ-Ω- ]-tc-X-\m-b A-º-e-Øn- b-dI - Sv- ¿). `m-K-h-Xn-∏-d-º-Øv A-e- ˛75). a-°ƒ: B-en-t°m- ߬ F-∂ th-cp-߬ a-°ƒ: {]-^. an-\n {iob (Ips shØ v ) , A_ qapl Ω Z v lmP nb ps S ahn-bp-sS a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv \n-hm-k≥ (tZ-hk - zw °¿ (sam-√m-° A-hp- I≥ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (Ip(62). a-°ƒ: _-jo¿, A- _t_m¿U v ]º m tImfP - v °), kp-l-dm-_n, dw-e. a- ™n-∏ ˛53). `m-cy: dm-_ne-hn, k-enw, \u-^¬. a- cp-a-°ƒ: _o-hp, dp-In]-cp-ae - ), am-b (Xn-cp-h\ - b. a-°ƒ: dm-_n-b. acp-a-°ƒ: kp-sse-J B- bm-_n, ap-l-Ω-Z-en, ap-kv- °ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, dw-jm-Zv, ¥-]p-cw Pn-√m k-lI - c - \-°-bw, ap-\o-d In-S-ß- X-^. k-tlm-Z-c≥: a-Ω- \-^v-e, d-Pp-e, k-Pv-e, j- W _m-¶v im-J sh-ºmgn, im-\n ]-Ø-∏n-cn-bw, bw), ao-cm cm-P≥ (am¿Xv-tIm-b. a-øn-Øv \-a-kv- l-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jm-P\-P¿-j ap-≈w-]m-d. tØm-a d-kn-U≥-jy¬ Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 9\v lm≥, j-Po¿, jm-ln-Zv. I-Æw-]-d-ºv Pp-ap-A-Øv kvI - qƒ, Xn-cp-h√ - ), tc-J, ]-≈n-bn¬. A-Pn-Xv {io-\n-hm-k≥ C-{_m-low D-cp-h-®m¬: a-W-°m-bn (_yq-tdm No-^v, am-[y-aw, B-K-k-vXn Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv ap≥ {]-kn- sIm-√w). a-cp-a° - ƒ: Fw I-cp-h-©m¬: hm-bm-´p- U‚pw tIm¨-{K-kv t\- sI i-in-[c - ≥ (dn-´. FXm-hp-am-b a-W-°m-bn ]-d-ºn-se B-Zy-Im-e Ivk - n-Iyq-´o-hv Hm-^n-k¿, Ip-Sn-tb-‰ I¿-j-I≥ ]q- k-do-\m a≥-kn-en¬ ]n Pn-√m k-lI - c - W - _m-¶v ∏n-≈n¬ B-K-kv-Xn (]m- ]n C-{_m-low (65). dn-kv- ]-Ø\ - w-Xn-´), A-Uz. hm\ _k v DS a b mW v . ∏-®≥-˛85). `m-cy: c-bFw tam-l\ - ≥, F≥ Un `m-cy: kn ]n kp-l-d. atcmw sIm-®p-∏-d-ºn¬ cm-P≥, F ]n tam-l≥°ƒ: d-km-Jv, dm-kn-Jv Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw I-{Xo-\. Zm-kv, sI F-kv kp-te(Zp-_-bv), d-jo-Z, i-°oth-em-bp-[³ a-°ƒ: hn≥-k‚ v, ta-gvJ (A-[ym-]n-I, Sn.Un. e, k-do-\ (a-kv-°-Øv), a-Æq¿: ]q-t®-cn-°p-∂v kn, ]n-bq-kv, kn-ÿ - n kvdn-kv-hm-\ (Zp-_-bv). a-cp- l-b¿-sk-°≥-Ud Nn-‰m-c-°¬ th-em-bpsk-en≥ (P¿-a-\n), sU- a-°ƒ: km-Pn-X, ap-\o¿ Iqƒ B-e∏ - p-g). [≥ (79). `m-cy: k-tcm-Pnbv-kn, kn-ÿ P-ko-¥. (Kƒ-^v), \m-k¿, \u\n. a-°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ≥, a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^n-tem-an-\ jm-Zv, \-hm-kv. k-tlm-Z- t_-_nk-Xo-tZ-hn, k-Pn-\n, kp- ]c-߃: A-–p¿-d-lvam≥, G-eq¿: Ip-‰n-°m-´p-Ic ]-g-bn-S-Øn¬, ssa{]n-b, kp-ta-jv. ap-l-Ω-Zv, J-Z-o-P, B-bntc-X\m-b hn-ap-‡`- S- ≥ a-cp-a-°ƒ: t_-_n, ku- °nƒ I-f-∏p-c-bv-°¬, i, ^m-Øn-a, ssk-\-_, dm-tl-en-s‚ `m-cy t_ay, in-h-Zm-k≥, A-∏p-´n, ko-\ X-ºm-´v, k-Pn ap]-tc-X-\m-b D-a¿. _n(83). ≠-bv-°¬. in-h-Ip-am¿.

I-Zn-bp-½

a-dn-bm-ap -

]m-¯p-«n

A-_q-_-¡À

-]m-t¯m-a

am-Wn-¡p-«n-

I-Zn-b-¡p-«n -

ap-l-½-Zv

C-cp-ºp-gn: h-S-°p-ap-dn ]-¥-tew-]-d-ºv kz-tZ-in ]-tc-X-\m-b C-cn-b-°f≥ sam-bv-Xo-s‚ `m-cy I-Zn-bp-Ω (75). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-_v-Zp¬ Ako-kv, B-C-i, ssk-\_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-C-i ta¬-ap-dn, kp-a-ø ]m-∏n\n-∏m-d, ap-l-Ω-Zv h-S-°pap-dn, lw-k C-cp-ºp-gn.

I¬-∏-I-t©-cn: ]-tc-X\m-b tNm-a-bn¬ A–p¬- Jm-Z-dn-s‚ `m-cy A-Sp-h-Æn a-dn-bm-ap (82). a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ -eØo-^v, B-bn-im-_n, Pao-em-_n, ]-tc-X-bm-b A-eo-am-_n. -a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, jw-kp-±o≥, ]tc-X-\m-b A-e-hn-°p-´n, ssk-\-_.

h-fm-t©-cn: Iq-cn-∏-dºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sX°p-ºm-´v ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy ]m-Øp-´n (95). a°ƒ: t]m-°¿, lw-k, l-ao-Zv, jp-°q¿, D-ΩmØ, k-^n-b, P-ao-e, ]tc-X-cm-b G-\n, Av-–p¿d-lvam≥, B-bn-ip-Ω. acp-a-°ƒ: A-–p-√, lwk, ]-tc-X-cm-b Ip-™nap-l-Ω-Zv, tIm-ap.

Iq-´n-e-ßm-Sn: I-Sp-ßqØv ap-cn-°pw-Im-S≥ A_q-_-°¿ (74). `m-cy: lm-P-d. a-°ƒ: A-kv-°d-en, ap-l-Ω-Zv A-kv-ew, D-Ωp-k¬-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-iv-d-^v, h-ko-e-Øv, dPo-\. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hnse F-´n-\v Ip-dp-h Iq-´ne-ßm-Sn Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

]-´¿-°-S-hv: sX-s∂-e ]m-tØm-a (101). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X-\m-b kp-sseam≥. a-°ƒ: ]m-Øp-a°p-´n, B-bn-i, ap-l-Ω-ZvIp-´n, \-^o-k, B-ky, sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n, A-–p¿d-lv-am≥. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v ]-´¿-I-S-hv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

h-´-∏-d-ºv-:- ]-tc-X-\m-baq-®n-b-≥ ]-d-tßm-S-s‚`m-cy- am-Wn-°p-´n- (70)-.a-°ƒ-:- _m-e-≥,- kp-aXn,- im-c-Z,- ]-¶-Pw,- {]k-∂,- km-hn-{Xn,- _nμp,- ko-X.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:t{]-a,- i-in,- _m-_p,- hnP-b-≥,- N-{μ-_m-\p,em¬, ]-tc-X-cm-b- hmkp,- cm-a-≥.-

tNm-°m-Sv: tI-fp-\m-b¿]-Sn tN-\-∏m-Sn-bn-se ]tc-X-\m-b Iq-cn ap-l-ΩZn-s‚ `m-cy I-Zn-b-°p-´n (96).a-°ƒ: A-_p, ]m-ØpΩ, B-bn-i, \-^o-k, A-en. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-k≥, ap-lΩ-Zp-∏, ap-l-Ω-Zv- Ip-cn°ƒ, d-kn-b.

cm-a-]p-cw: A-cn-{] sN-c°m-]-d-ºn-se ]-Sn°¬]-d-ºn¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv (75). a-°ƒ: sk-bv-Xm-en-°p´n, k-°o¿, dn-bm-kv (Pn±), ^m-Øn-a-kp-lv-d, km-_n-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-e-hn-°p´n, \p-kv-d-Øv, lm-\n-ø, kp-ss_-Z.

l-k³

N-{µ³

I-eym-Wn

A-l-½-Zv- -

_m-e-Ir-jv-W³

^u-kn-b-

k-Zm-\-µ³- \m-bÀ

a-c-¡mÀ

In-Wm-t»-cn: Ip-f-ß-c]o-Sn-I a-\-{μm-hn¬-]mSw hn ]n l-k≥ (62). `mcy: _n-®p-]m-Øp-Ω-_n. a-°ƒ: d-^o-Jv, d-jo-Zv, dlnw. a-cp-a-°ƒ: d-lo-a, hn-\o-j.

Nm-Ø-aw-K-ew: th-ß-eØv I-∏-S-]-d-º-Øv N{μ≥ (55). `m-cy: ssd-\n. a-Iƒ: Nmμv-\n. a-cp-a-I≥: k-tP-jv. k-©-b-\w sNm-ΔmgvN.

]-®-∏m-ew: N-ß-c-Ømws]m-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b IWm-c-s‚ `m-cy I-eym-Wn (65). a-°ƒ: N-{μn, btim-Z, tim-`, Ko-X. a-cp-a°-ƒ: c-ho-{μ-\m-Y≥, cho-{μ≥.

tIm-Uq¿-:- a-¶-c-sØm-SnA-l-Ω-Zv- (86)-.- `m-cy-:B-ky.- a-°ƒ-:- ssl-{Zkv,- ]m-Øp-Ω,- A-j-d^v,- _n-cn-bp-Ω,- ssJ-dp∂n-k.-

^-tdm-°v: I-≈n-°q-Sw ]m-≠n-°m-S≥ _m-e-Irjv-W≥ (64). `m-cy: t{]an. a-°ƒ: jn-\n, jo-_, jn-Pp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jm-Pn, c-Rv-Pn-Xv. k-©-b-\w sNm-ΔmgvN.

Xn-cp-\m-hm-b: sd-bn¬th tÃ-j-\p k-ao-]w sIm-√w I-cn-aq-fn¬ ]pfn-°¬ A-–p¬ -Jm-Z-dns‚ `m-cy ^u-kn-b (54). a-°-fn-√.

a-e-∏p-dw: B-\-μv Xn-b‰¿ D-S-a ]n k-Zm-\-μ≥\m-b¿ (88). `m-cy: kptem-P-\. a-°ƒ: tam-l\≥, i-in-[-c≥, Ir-jvWm-\-μv, cm-P≥, ]-tc-X\m-b c-a-Wn.

F-S-°-c: h-gn-°-S-hv sI´p-ß-en-se ]-≈n-bm-fn ac-°m¿ (59). `m-c-y: B-bnip-Ω. a-°ƒ: l-ko-\, i-_v-\, A≥-h¿ km-ZnJv, P-ko-\, ap-_o-\. a-cpa-I≥: lm-cn-kv.

I-Xn-bm-ap sN-dp-Ip-fº - : ]-tc-X\ - m-b tXm-t´m-fn A-–p√ apkveym-cp-sS `m-cy am-´p-Ω¬ I-Xn-bm-ap (76). a-°ƒ: A–p¬ A-ko-kv _n-kn-\kv, ssa-aq-\, ssd-lm-\Ø - ,v \q¿-Pl - m≥, ]-tc-Xb - m-b l-^k -v Ø - ,v \-ko-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: a-Ωp-Xp sN-Ω¶ - S- h - ,v lw-k Iq-cn-bm-S,v A-eh - n (Pn-±), C-{_m-low am-{º (Pn-±), Ip-™n-tam≥ (dn-bmZv), J-Zo-P. J-_d - S- ° - w C∂v 8.30\v sN-dp-Ip-fº - a-k-v Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

J-Zo-P s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: a-W-emb H-Sp-hn¬ J-Zo-P (50). `¿-Øm-hv: I-Ωp. a-°ƒ: B-cn-^v, l-^v-k-Øv, dlvv-a-Øv, l-k-\-Øv. a-cpa-°ƒ: \q-dp-±o≥, A-en, l-k≥, J-a-dp-∂o-k.

Ip-ªn-¡-®³ \m-bÀ ta-∏-øq¿: Im-c-bm-s´ Icp-thm-Øv Ip-™n-°Æ≥ \m-b¿ (90). `m-cy: Zm-£m-b-Wn-b-Ω. a°ƒ: k-tcm-Pn-\n, N-{μlm-k≥, {io-\n-hm-k≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥ \-ºym¿, D-j, ao-\.

kp-tc-{µ³

]n sI tIm-b au-em-\ BÀ-P-h-ap-Å sam-ss_-en ]m-«p-tI-«v \S-¡sh ]-Þn-X³: C-amw-kv Iu¬-kn s{S-bn-\n-Sn-¨v hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p Xn- c p- h - \ - ¥ - ] p- c w: k- a q- l - ∂n- ´ pw A- [ n- I m- c nh¿- K - h p- a mØn¬ \n-∂v A-{]-Xy-£-am-bns°m- ≠ n- c n- ° p- ∂ B¿- P - h - a p≈ ]-fin-X-cn¬ D-∂-X ÿm\o- b - \ m- W v A- ¥ - c n- ® ]n sI tIm-b au-em-\-sb-∂v Hmƒ C¥ym C- a mw- k v Iu¨- k n¬ kw-ÿm-\ k-an-Xn A-\p-kv-acn-®p. {]- X n- k - ‘ n L- ´ - ß - f n- ¬ , {]- t Xy- I n- ® v ]q- ¥ p- d t]m- e p≈ {]-tZ-i-Øv k-ap-Zm-b-sØ ap- ∂ n¬ \n- ∂ v \- b n- ° p- I - b pw Zn- i m- t _m- [ w \¬- I p- I - b pw sN- b v - X ]- fi n- X - \ m- W v Ct±lw. `-c-W-kn-cm tI-{μ-amb Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-c-Øv A-c- \q‰m≠n- e - [ n- I w {]- i - k v - X - a m- b H-cp ÿm-]-\-Øn-s‚-bpw a-l√n-s‚-bpw A-a-c-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-

bn A-I-ew ]m-en-°p-I-bpw ]fin-X-s‚ am-Xr-I Im-Øp-kq£n- ° p- I - b pw sN- b v - X C- t ±lw k- a pZm- b - Ø n- s ‚ G- I - X bv - ° p- t h- ≠ n \n- e - s Im- ≈ p- I bpw `n- ∂ - X - b p- s S kz- c - ß - s f i- ‡ - a m- b n \n- c m- I - c n- ° p- I bpw sN- b v - X p. k- a p- Z m- b - Ø ns‚- b pw k- a p- Z m- b t\- X r- X zØn-s‚-bpw im-‡o-I-c-W {ia-߃-°v I-e-h-d-bn-√m-Ø ]n¥p-W-bm-Wv A-t±-lw \¬-Inb-Xv. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ hn-tbm-Kw ap-kv-enw k-ap-Zm-b-Øn-\v \n-IØm-\m-hm-Ø hn-S-hm-Wv kr„n-®-sX-∂pw Hmƒ C-¥ym Camw- k v Iu¨- k n- ¬ kw- ÿ m\ k-an-Xn A-`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p.

X-et- »-cn: sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wn¬ ]mam-ln Fw.Fw. ´p-tI-´v ]m-fw ap-dn-®p-I-S-°pI-bm-bnl-b¿ sk-°≥-Ucp∂ F-k-v.F-kv.F¬.-kn. hn-Zym¿-Yn dn kv-Iq-ƒ s{S-bn-\n-Sn-®v a-cn-®p. am-ln s]-cn-ßm-SnhnZym¿Yn- b mb bn¬ C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11.45Hm-sS-bmj_vjo¿ IgnWv kw-`-hw. s]-cn-ßm-Sn sd-bn¬-th ™-Zn-hkw AhtK-‰n-\p k-ao-]w Ip-Sp-°n‚-hn-S B-knkm-\n® Fkv.-Fbm-kn¬ _-jo-dn-s‚ G-Ia-I≥ j-_vkv.-F¬.kn ]cojo¿(15) B-Wv a-cn-®X - v. £-sb-gp-Xn-bn-cp-∂p. am-Xm-hv jm-ln-Z.

Hm-t«m-bv¡p ]n-¶n ss_-¡n-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: Hm-t´m-dn-£bp-sS ]n-∂n¬ ss_-°n-Sn-®v ss_-°vbm-{Xn-I≥ a-cn-®p. ]p-Ø≥-Ip-∂v D-dmbn¬ A-_v-Zp¿d-lvam-s‚ a-I≥ \ujm-Zv (24) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cmhn-se G-t´m-sS kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØcn U-b-‰n-\v ap-ºn-em-Wv A-]-I-Sw. sIm-f-K-∏m-d `m-K-tØ-°v t]m-hp-

I-bm-bn-cp-∂p \u-jm-Zv. ap-ºn¬ t]mhp-Ibm-bn-cp∂ Hm-t´m-dn-£ B-sf FSp-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th-≠n s]-s´-∂v \n¿Øn-b-t∏mƒ ss_-°v ]n∂n-en-Sn-°pI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pn-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]msb-¶n-epw bm-{Xm-a-t[y a-cn-°p-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. am-Xm-hv: ssk-\-_.

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv/I-Æq¿: am-Xm-hn-s‚ a-c-Wm-\-¥c®S-ßp-I-fn¬- ]-s¶-Sp-°m-≥ t]m-b Ip-Spw-_wk-©-cn-® Im-dn¬- I-s≠-bv-\¿- tem-dn-bn-Sn-®vbph F≥Pn-\o-b-dmb a-I≥- a-cn-®p.- ]n-Xm-hn\pw - aq-∂v- k-tlm-Z-c߃-°pwKp-cp-Xcambn ]-cn-t°-‰p. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv ]m-hßm-Sv ]p-Øq¿- ko-\m πm-kv-‰n-Iv-kn-\v- k-ao]w- In-g-°p-ho-´n¬- ]-dºn¬- aT-Øn¬ ap-lΩ-Zv-tIm-b-bp-sS a-I\pw F≥Pn-\o-b-dp-amb- lnjmw- ap-l-Ω-Zv (35) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn]-cn-t°-‰ ap-l-Ω-Zv-tIm-b (67)sb-bpw- a-°-fm-bXu-ko-^, lm-jn-^v, l-ko-^v F-∂n-h-scbpw tIm-gn-t°m-Sv - sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pv- B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬- {]-th-in-∏n-®p.sXm-≠-bm-Sv- ss_]m-kv- PMvj-\n¬- sh-≈nbm-gv-N ]p-e¿-s® 5.-25\m-bncp∂p A-]-I-Sw.- amhq¿- tdm-Un-¬- \n-∂p- h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ I-s≠bv\¿ tem-dn Im-dn-s\ C-Sn-®p-sX-dn-∏n-°p-I-bm-bncp-∂p.- a-em-]-d-ºv- tdm-Un-te-°v- sX-dn-®p-ho-W Imdns‚- ss{U-h¿- ko-‰n¬- Ip-Sp-ßn-b ln-jm-an-s\ _o-®v- ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv- F-Øn- Im¿- sh-´n-s]m-fn®m-Wv- ]p-d-sØ-Sp-Ø-Xv. c-≠pZn-h-kw- apºm-Wvln-jm-an-s‚ amXmhv l^vk a-cn-®-Xv. a-c-Wm-\¥-c®-S-ßp-I-fn¬- ]-s¶-Sp-°m-≥ D-Ω-bp-sS hm-g°m-s´ ho-´n¬ t]m-hp-tºm-gm-bn-cp-∂p- A-]-I-Sw.G-sdIm-ew- J-Ø-dnem-bn-cp-∂ Ip-Spw-_w- \mep Zn-h-kw ap-ºm-Wv tIm-gn-t°m-s´-Øn-b-Xv. lnjm-an-s‚ `m-cy: X-fn-∏-d-ºn-se {]-i-kv-X sU‚-¬ tUm-Œ¿ Sn A-–p¬ k-a-Zn-s‚ a-I-ƒ \n-jv-\ (JØ-dn¬ F≥-Pn-\o-b-dm-Wv). a-°ƒ: l-bm≥, lk. tXPkv Ub-d-IvS¿ t_m¿Uv AwKw ^mCkv apl-Ω-Zns‚ ktlm-Zco]p{X-\m-Wv lnjmw.

ss_-¡p-IÄ Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

h-≈n-°p-∂v: B-\-ßm-Sn A-ºm-Sn \-gv-k-dn-°v k-ao]w ss_°p-Iƒ Iq-´n-bnSn-®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. Im°-tØm-Sn-\p k-ao-]w B\-ßm-Sn- _o-®n¬ F-c™n-°¬ \-^o-k-bp-sS a-I≥ jm-lp¬ l-ao-Zv (32) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. k-lbm-{Xn-I-\m-b kp-lr-Øv ]m-≠n in-lm-_v ]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS sa-Un-°¬ tImf-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In-¬-k-bn-em-Wv. A-ºm-Sn \-gv-k-dn-°p k-ao-]-am-Wv A-]-I-Sw. jm-lp¬ l-ao-Zpw in-lm-_pw k-©-cn-® ss_-°v B-\-ßm-Sn `m-K-Øp-\n-∂p h∂ In-g-°-s‚]p-c°¬ A-en A-Iv-_¿ k-©-cn-® ss_-°p-am-bn Iq-´nbn-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te°p-≈ hgn-a-t[y-bm-Wv jm-lp¬ l-ao-Zv a-cn-®-Xv. A-]-I-SØn¬ A-Iv-_-dn-\pw ]-cn-°p-≠v. A¬-^-em-lv h-≈-Øn-se Po-h-\-°m-c-\m-bn-cp∂p jm-lp¬ l-ao-Zv. B-bn-i-bm-Wv `m-cy. a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv km-en, ap-l-Ω-Zv \-kow, ^m-Øn-am ^-l-Z. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v I-S-ep-≠n\-K-cw Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

Hm-t«m-bv-¡p- ap-I-fn a-cw ho-Wv ho-«-½ a-cn-¨p

Xp-Δq¿: Hm-Sn-s°m-≠n-cp∂ Hm-t´m-bv-°p- ap-I-f-n¬ a-cw- s]m-´n-ho-Wv ho-´-Ω a-cn-®p. ]m-bn-∏p-√n-se ]tc-X-\m-b ]p-∂-dm-´n¬ apl-Ω-Zv F-∂ \m-Wn-bp-sS `m-cy J-Zo-P(51)bm-Wv X¬-£Ww a-cn-®-Xv. IqsS-bp-≠m-b a-°-ƒ Pm^¿(27), d-Po-\(30) F-∂nh-sc Kp-cp-X-c-]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ kzIm-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂-se cm-hn-se 10HmsS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. ]m-bn∏p-√n-se ho-´n¬-\n-∂p a-t©-cn-bn-te-°p t]m-hp-∂Xn-\n-sS \n-e-ºq¿˛s]-cp-ºn-em-hv kw-ÿm-\ ]mXbnse- ]q-°p-Øv td-j≥-]-Sn-°p k-ao-]-am-Wv A]-I-Sw. Xq-ßn-°n-S-∂n-cp-∂ B¬-a-c-Øn-s‚ sIm-ºv Hm-t´m-bv-°p ap-I-fn-¬ -ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. a-I≥ Pm^-dm-bn-cp-∂p Hm-t´m Hm-Sn-®n-cp-∂-Xv.

ss_-¡n \n-¶p ho-Wv ]cn-t¡ä ho-«-½ a-cn-¨p

IS-ep-≠n-\-Kcw: ss_°n¬ \n-∂p ho-Wv ]cnt°‰v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bncp-∂ ho-´Ω - a-cn-®p. IS-ep≠n-\K - cw Ip-´n-°ø - ‚-]p-c°¬ A-_vZ- p-√° - p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy B-bn-im-_n (42) BWv a-cn-®X - v. I-gn-™ _p-[\m-gv-N _-‘p-hn-s\m-∏w kz-¥w ho-´n-te-°p t]m-Ish Nm-en-b-Øm-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Xp-S¿-∂v tIm-gnt°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-fP - n¬ Nn-In¬-kb - n-en-cn-s°bm-Wv a-cW - w. a-°ƒ: k¿-Pn-e, X-^vk - o-\, Pp-ss\-kv, ^-ke - p. acp-a° - ƒ: A-Iv_ - ¿ sN-Øn-∏S- n, k-°o¿ Nm-en-bw. ]nXm-hv; A-_vZ- p-√° - p-´n. am-Xm-hv: B-an-\° - p-´n. k-tlmZ-cß - ƒ: ^m-Øn-a, D-ssa-_, A-_q-_° - ¿, dm-_n-b, ssP-kØ - v. J-_d - S- ° - w C-∂v t]m-kv‰ - vt- am¿-´Ø - n-\p ti-jw B-\-ßm-Sn ap-ln-bp-±o≥ ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

a-¡-bnÂ- \n-cym-X-\m-bn Nm-∏-\-ßm-Sn: Nm-∏-\ßm-Sn kz-tZ-in A-d-_n sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n (63) a-°bn¬ \n-cym-X-\m-bn. `mcy: B-bn-i-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^ ap-kv -eym¿, Da¿, A-–p-¿d-lv -am≥, dm_n-b, d-kn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Jm-en-Zv, lm-cn-kv. J-_-d-S°w a-°-bn¬ \-S-°pw.-

tem-dn-bnSn¨v ss_¡v bm{Xn-I-\mb _nlmÀ kz-tZ-in a-cn-¨pPn-±-bn \n-cym-X-\m-bn N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: ss_°n¬ k©-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂ _nlm¿ kztZin tem-dn-bnSn®v acn-®p. _nlm¿ j-lm-Pn-Xv-]q¿ kz-tZ-in C-amw en-bm-hp-±o≥ a≥-kq-cn (26) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ]¥m-hq¿ ]m-e-Øn-\v k-ao-]-ambn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Nm-en-t»-cn-bn¬-\n-∂v F-S∏m-fn-te-°p t]m-hp-Ibm-bncp∂ ss_°n¬ F-S-∏mƒ `m-KØp-\n-∂p h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ tem-dn C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tem-dn A-an-X-th-K-Øn-embn-cp-s∂∂pw C-Xn-\v sXm-´p-]n∂n-em-bn t]m-en-kv hm-l\ap≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xm-bpw \m-´pIm¿ ]-d-™p. Nm-en-t»-cn-bn-se F-Iv-k-

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: ]-tc-X-\mb tXm-∏n-e-I-Øv aq-kt°m-b-bp-sS a-I≥ kn.sI.-hn k-°o¿ A-en (55) am-hq¿ lu-kv Ip-‰n-®n-d) Pn-±-bn¬ lr-Z-bm-LmXwaq-ew \n-cym-X-\m-bn. `m-cy: kn C hn k-^n-b. a-°ƒ: k-±mw A-en (Z-Ωmw), keo-k, k-^, j-Z. Pm-am-Xmhv: tdm-jn-Iv kn.]n (Hm-^v-ssh-‰v).

en-bm-hp-±o≥ a≥-kq-cn e‚ v I-º-\n- Po-h-\-°m-c-\mbncp∂p C-amw en-bm-hp-±o≥ a≥-kq-cn. ]n-Xm-hv: en-bm-hp±o≥ a≥-kq-cn. am-Xm-hv: sseem-_o-hn.

]m-¼pI-Sn-tb-äv hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n a-cn-¨p

B-e-Øq¿: B-e-Øq¿ K-h. tKƒ-kv ssl-kv-Iq-fnse A-©mw ¢m-kv hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n- ]m-ºpI-Sn-tb-‰v a-cn®p. B-e-Øq¿ K-h. tKƒ-kv kv-Iq-fn-\v k-ao-]w \mj-\¬ _m¿-_¿ jm-∏v D-S-a tam-l≥-Zm-kn-s‚ aIƒ \-μ-\ (11) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. amXmhv: e-X.


8

thÀ-]mSv

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

22 am¿®v 2014 i\n

thm-«p-tNm-Zn-s¨¯nbhÀ aÀ±n-¨p: Nm-b-¡-S-¡m-c³ Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn-¨p Pp-ss_-cn-bm _o-hn

Pm³-kn

b-tim-Z

ssI-´³

th-ep-¡p-«n ]-Wn-¡À

B-bn-im _o-hn

tZ-h-In A-½

h¿-°-e: Ip-c-bv-°-Wn ]p-Ø≥-Im-´n¬ ]-tc-X\m-b l-_o-_v ap-l-ΩZn-s‚ `m-cy Pp-ss_-cnbm _o-hn (85). a-°ƒ: \-_o-k _o-hn, d-°o_v, ^m-Øn-am _o-hn, A-–p¬ k-ao¿, l-_od-Øv _o-hn, A-–p-d-lvam≥, jm-ln-Zm _o-hn, _-jo¿, jm-ln-\m-kv, ]-tc-X-\m-b, Pm-^¿Jm≥, ^n-\o-jym _oKw. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b A-–p¬ d-jo-Zv, ap-l-Ω-Zv jm-^n, Pm-Pp±o≥, ^m-kn¬, \m-Z¿Jm≥, dw-em _o-hn, kao-dm _o-hn, \-Po-am _ohn, tdm-kn.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ap-´°m-Sv _-tY¬ hn-fm-IØv ho-´n¬ a-Wn-b-s‚ `m-cy Pm≥-kn (43). a°ƒ: Ir-], \n-Xn≥ tPmkv.

]m-®-√q¿: ]-\-Øp-d ssI-X-hn-fm-Iw ho-´n¬ ssI-¥≥ (65). a-°ƒ: im-¥, A-\-¥-Ir-jvW≥, {]-k-∂≥, _n-\p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: P-b-Ip-am¿, kp-[¿-a, P-b-{]-`, c-ay.

_m-e-cm-a-]p-cw: Xm-∂nhn-f Nm-Ø-ew ]m-´p-tImWw ku-ay `-h-\n¬ tXm-∏n¬ th-ep-°p-´n ]Wn-°¿ (89). `m-cy: ]-tcX-bm-b Iu-k-ey. a°ƒ: kp-io-e≥, eo-e, at\m-l-c-≥, cm-[, tam-l\-≥, ssi-e-P, ]-tc-X-\mb hn-izw-`-c≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: h-k-¥-Ip-am-cn, cmtP-{μ≥, B-\-μw, i-in.

_m-e-cm-a-]p-cw: ]-tc-X\m-b Im-kn-an-s‚ `m-cy B-bn-im _o-hn (62). a°ƒ: km-ln-d _m-\p, jo-P, sk-øn-Zv A-en Imknw. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C-Jv_m¬, d-jo-Zv, j-Po-e.

Ip-≠-d: sIm-‰-¶-c I-√phn-f ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tKm-]m-e-]n-≈-bp-sS `mcy tZ-h-In-A-Ω (102).

h¿-°-e: Hm-S-bw hm-Wn°p-Sn-bn¬ Jm-en-Zn-s‚ aIƒ J-Zo-Pm _o-hn (75). a-°ƒ: ^m-kn-em _o-hn, \m-Z¿-Jm≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p-d-lv-am≥, ^n-\njym-_o-Kw.

h¿-°-e: sN-dp-∂n-bq¿ hn-P-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-L-h-s‚ `m-cy b-tim-Z (87). a-°ƒ: kp-[m-I-c≥ (ap-ss_), ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-[m- _m-lp-te-b≥, kp-K≥ (apw-ss_), ]-tcX-bm-b kp-[ -cm-a-Zm-kv, cm-Pp (Zp-_m-bv), kp-KpW≥ (Zp-_m-bv), {]-im¥≥ (Zp-_m-bv), ]-tc-Xbm-b kp-Pm-X i-im-¶≥, A-tim-I≥ (Zp-_m-bv), hn-P-b≥ (Zp-_m-bv), kptZ-h≥ (Zp-_m-bv).

cm-Po-hv

Ko-X-

Sn sI {io\- nh- m-k³

`m-Ko-c-Yn-A-½

J-Zo-Pm _o-hn

a-√-∏-≈n: Ip-gn-a-Æn¬ Ip-™p-tam-s‚ a-I≥ cmPo-hv(42). `m-cy: tN-∂wIp-gn-bn-¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw kn-\p. a-I≥: dn-\p.

Ip-≠-d: ]p-\p-°-∂q¿ Xn-cp-h√ - : sN-ß∂ - q¿ F-kv.F≥.Un.]n bq-\n- B-bn-c-Øv im-¥n `-h\n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-√b≥ ap≥ {]-kn-U‚pw ∏≥-]n-≈-bp-sS `m-cy `mZo¿-LI - m-ew Xn-cp-aq-eKo-c-Yn A-Ω(83). a-°ƒ: ]p-cw F-kv.F≥.hn im-¥-Ω, i-in-[-c≥-]nssl-kI v- qƒ sl-Ua v- m≈ (ap≥ sk-{I-´-dn ]pÃ-dp-am-bn-cp-∂ Xn-cp-aq-e- \p-°-∂q¿ k¿-ho-kv _m]p-cw tXm-´° - m-´v c-am \n- ¶v-), a-tl-iz-c≥-]n-≈ hm-kn¬ Sn sI {io-\n(hn-ap-‡-`-S≥), _n-Pphm-k≥ (90). kw-kI v- mem¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-c-tacw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11.30\v iz-c≥-]n-≈ , tim-`, P-b, c-Pn-Xm-tamƒ. ho-´p-hf - ∏ - n¬. 1970I-fp-sS Xp-S° - Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n \m-bÀ Øn¬ sN-ß∂ - q¿ Fh-S-°m-t©-cn: a-W-enkv.F≥.Un.]n bq-\nØ-d Ip-c-s\-√q¿ ta-teb≥ {]-kn-U‚ v, ]n-∂o-Sv ºm-´v Ir-jv-W≥-Ip-´n \mXn-cp-h√ - F-kv.F≥.b¿(90). hn-ap-‡ `-S-\mUn.]n bq-\n-b≥ ÿmWv. kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf ]-I {]-kn-U‚ v, F-kv.cm-hn-se 11\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn-\n-. F≥.Un.]n tbm-Kw Ub-dI - Sv- ¿ t_m¿-Uv AwKw, F-kv.F≥. {S-Ãv t_m¿-Uw-Kw, tI-cf - kvt‰-‰v k¿-ho-kv s]≥-jt\-gk v- v bq-\n-b≥ kwÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰n-bw-Kw, Pn√m ssh-kv {]-kn-U≥-dv, sse-{_-dn Iu¨-kn¬ Xm-eq-°v ssh-kv {]-knU‚ v, Xn-cp-aq-e] - p-cw alm-Xa v- m-Km-‘n kva - m-cI {K-Ÿim-em {]-kn-U‚ v `hm-\n-b-½ F-∂o \n-eI - f - n¬ {]-h¿- tN¿-Ø-e: \-K-c-k-` Øn-®n-´p-≠v. F12˛mw hm¿-Uv ]p-Ø≥kv.F≥.hn ssl-kI v- qƒ ]p-c-bv-°¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sl-Ua v- m-Ãd - m-bn 27 h¿- X-¶-∏≥ ]n-≈-bp-sS `mjw tk-h\ - a-\p-jvTn-®p. cy `-hm-\n-b-Ω (73) \n{io-aq-ew {]-Pm-k`- mw-Kcym-X-bm-bn. am-bn-cp-∂ ]-tc-X\ - m-b kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. hm-eb - n¬ sIm-®p-Ipa-°ƒ: tk-Xp-`m-bn(-A™v ssh-Zy-cp-sS a-I\ - m- [ym-]n-I \o-e-Kn-cn),-hnWv. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b P-b-Ip-am¿,-kn-‘p-`msI. c-am-`m-bn. (dn-´. hnbn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-\n-hmZym-`ym-k sU-]yq-´n Uk≥(-F-F-kv-sF,s\-Spb-dI - Sv- ¿). ap-Sn),-P-b-{in,-]-tc-X-\ma-°ƒ: {]-^. an-\n {iob hn-izw-`-c≥. \n-hm-k≥ (tZ-hk - zw t_m¿-Uv ]-ºm tIm-fP - v A-l-½-Z-I v p-«n ]-cp-ae - ), am-b (Xn-cp-h\ - - F-S° - c - : X-Æn-°S- h - n¥-]p-cw Pn-√m k-lI - c - se h-St- °-ßc - A-lΩ - W _m-¶v im-J sh-ºmZvI - p-´n (72). `m-cy-: D-Ωpbw), ao-cm cm-P≥ (am¿Ip¬-kp. tØm-a d-kn-U≥-jy¬ kvI - qƒ, Xn-cp-h√ - ), tc-J, A-Pn-Xv {io-\n-hm-k≥ (_yq-tdm No-^v, am-[y-aw, sIm-√w). a-cp-a° - ƒ: Fw sI i-in-[c - ≥ (dn-´. FIvk - n-Iyq-´o-hv Hm-^n-k¿, Pn-√m k-lI - c - W - _m-¶v ]-Ø\ - w-Xn-´), A-Uz. Fw tam-l\ - ≥, F≥ Un cm-P≥, F ]n tam-l≥kw-kv-Ir-X ]-Wv-Un-X³ Zm-kv, sI F-kv kp-teF -sI -hm-kp J (A-[ym-]n-I, Sn.Un. Ip-a-c-Iw: kw-kvIr-Xl-b¿-sk-°≥-Ud - n kv]-Wv-Un-X-\pw Im-hy-kpIqƒ B-e∏ - p-g). c-`n A-£-c-t«m-I k-Z v Aw-K-hp-am-bn-cp-∂ t_-_nG-eq¿: Ip-‰n-°m-´p-Ic - ]- ]-fl-hn-em-k-Øn¬ F tc-X\m-b hn-ap-‡`- S- ≥ sI -hm-kp (92). kw-kvdm-tl-en-s‚ `m-cy t_Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10 _n(83). \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b A-Ωn-Wn. hÀ-Ko-kv a-°ƒ: ]n -]n -Nn-Zw-_Im-´n-°p-fw: I-√p-hm-Xp- c≥, k-tcm-P-\n, N-{μ≥, °¬ tPm-Wn-bp-sS ah-¬k-Ω, im-¥-Ω, kpI≥ Im-´n-°p-f-sØ td- tZ-h≥, Ip-™p-tamƒ, j≥I-S hym-]m-cn-bm-b sse-e-Ω, ]-tc-X-\m-b csI ]n h¿-Ko-kv (khn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-io-e, Æn˛44). kw-kv-Im-cw {]n-bw-h-Z, cm-P≥, i-in, ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v tkm-^n, ]n F-kv c-Lp, sk‚ v ]o-t‰-gv-kv ]-≈n i-in ]-d-ºn¬, ]-tc-Xsk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. \m-b hn-izw-`-c≥.

{io-aq-e-\-K-cw: ]p-en-{]Ip-‰n-°m-´v hn-P-b-hn-emk-Øn¬ c-ho-{μ-s‚ `mcy Ko-X(53). a-°ƒ: {ioc-Rv-Pn-\n, {io-e-£v-an.

tIm-g-t©-cn: sX-t°-ae ]p-tØ-Øv sIm-®n-bn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI Fw am-Øp-Æn-bp-sS `m-cy (sIm-®p-Æp-Æn-) B-enkv( 84 ). a-°ƒ: {]-kmZv, ‰n-‰n, jm-Pn, Nm¿-fn, sIm-®p-tam≥, ssj-emtamƒ.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-: -tdmk-Ω, \m≥-kn, B-\n, en-kn, Pn-\n, sP-kv-en ]\-th-en.-

X-¦-¸³-]n-Å

`mÀ-K-hn

sIm-√w: ]-´-Øm-\w cmtP-jv `-h-\-Øn¬ Pn X¶-∏≥-]n-≈(80). `m-cy: im-¥-Ω-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: Fkv hn-P-b-Ip-am-cn, Sn cmtP-{μ Ip-am¿, Sn {io-Ipam¿, Sn cm-tP-jv Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-tP-{μ≥-]n≈, e-X, tc-Jm tamƒ.

im-kv-Xmw-tIm-´: B-bn°p-∂w {io-`-h-\n¬ Sn Ir-jv-W-s‚ `m-cy `m¿-Khn(74). a-°ƒ: sI Ir-jvW-Ip-am¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b _n sI {io-Ip-am¿, tUm. {io-te-J A-tim-Iv, AUz. {io-l-cn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sI sI A-tim-I≥, sI F-kv k-Pn-Ip-am¿.

Ip-ªp-tam³ ]p-∂-bq¿-°p-fw: \mt°m-e Xq-º-\m-Øv ]-dºv X-®n-bn¬ Ip-™ptam≥ (83). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10 \v. `m-cy: tZ-hp. a-°ƒ: hn-Pb≥, Kn-co-i≥, h¬-k-e, Pm-\-In, hn-em-kn-\n. a-cpa-°ƒ: _n-μp, {]-k-∂, kp-Ip-am-c≥, tam-l-\≥, in-h-cm-a≥.

ImÀ-¯ym-b-\n sh-¶n-S-ßv: sh-¶n-S-ßn¬ X-´m≥ D-Æn `m-cy Im¿-Øym-b-\n (80). a-°ƒ: tam-l-\≥, Ko-X, tim-`\, t{]-a-Ip-am¿, k-Po-hvIp-am¿, ]-tc-X-cm-b A-Pb≥, an-\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Kncn-P, an-\n, cp-‹m-\-μ≥, hm-kp tZ-h≥, Z-bm-\-μv, \n-j, ssj-tamƒ.

N-h-d: \-Sp-hn-e-°-c ao\m-hn-lm-dn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb- Ip-™p-Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy ao-\m£n-b-Ω(85). kw-kv-Imssk-\m-_o-hn cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v c-≠nI-S-bv-°¬: Np-≠ sIm\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. ®p-]-Sn-™m-‰-Xn¬ tima-°ƒ: ]-flm-h-Xn-b-Ω, B-an-\ `n-Xm a≥-kn-en¬ A-enhn-P-b≥ \m-b¿, ]-tc-Xa-´m-t©-cn: Np-f-fn-°¬ bm-cv Ip-™n-s‚ `m-cy aT-Øn¬-]-d-ºn¬ _m-h- ssk-\-_m _o-hn(58). \m-b A-c-hn-μm-£≥ bp-sS `m-cy B-an-\ (78). ]n-≈, ap-c-fo-[-c≥ \mJ_ d S ° w C∂ v cmh na-°ƒ: lw-kp, A-ko-kv, se H-º-Xn-\v sN-dp-Ip-fw b¿, c-Xv-\-Ω, c-a-Wn, llp-ssk≥, Cu-k, kpcn-Zm-k≥ \m-b¿, P-b-Ipap-kv-enw Pp-am a-kv-PnA-¨m-a hÀ-Ko-kv ss_¿, km-Zn-Jv, A≥Zn¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \u-jm- am-cn. km¿, D-kv-am≥, \-ko-a, sIm-®n: tIm-X-aw-K-ew a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-a-N-{μ≥-]nC-cp-a-e-∏-Sn C-cp-a (I¬- dw-e, l-b-dp-∂o-k, sse- Zv, ssk-^p-±o≥, lw-k. e, ko-\-Øv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ≈, {io-I-e, D-j, A-ºn∏n-ß-°p-Sn) ]-tc-Xm-b ta-cn fn, in-h-i-¶-c≥ \m-b¿, sI Fw h¿-Ko-kn-s‚ `m- km-en-lv, A-_p, A-ko, \m-k¿, A-ko-kv, B- ]m-h-d-´n: ]m-ep-hm-bv ]-tc-X-\m-b tKm-]n-\mcy A-®m-a h¿-Ko-kv (81). kv _n-Z, d-“-Øv, d-ln-b, Y≥, tPym-Xn, i-in-[a-°ƒ: a-Øm-bn, km-en, ku-Z, k-\w, jm-Pn-en, \- tdm-Un¬ X-c-I≥ ]-dN-h-d: a-cw I-b-‰-sØm-gn©p-Ip-´n `m-cy ta-cn(73). c≥ ]n-≈. ta-cn, an-\n. Po-\, sd-Pn-e. em-fn sX-ßn¬\n-∂v hoWv a-cn-®p. tX-h-e-°-c ]m-e-bv-°-¬ ]-d-Øq¿ sX-°-Xn¬ hn tKm-]n-bmWv(60) a-cn-®-Xv. _p-[-\mgv-N k-ao-]-sØ ]p-c-bn-SØn-se sX-ßn¬ I-b-dp∂- X n- \ n- s S- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p A-]-I-Sw. Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰ C-bmƒ sa-Un°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-cns° C-∂-se ]p-e¿-s® a-c-n-®p. `m-cy: h-¬-k-e. acm-P-³ \m-bÀ N-{µ-Ip-am-cn-b-½ a-dn-b-½ tk-hyÀ {]-k-¶-Ip-amÀ °ƒ: hn-jv-Wp, hn-t\m-Zv. hm-bv-]q-cv: A-cn-b≥ ap-dn- am-∂m¿: Ip-´-tº-cq¿ A-º-e-∏p-g: F-S-Xz tKm- Im-hm-ew: In-g-t°-tNbn¬ hn ]n cm-P-≥ \m-b- tlm-an-tbm B-ip-]-{Xn hn-μ-dmw `-h-\n¬ ]-tc-X- ∂w-I-cn an-{X-°-cn I-h-e¿ (X-¶-®≥-˛67). `m-cy: cm- hm¿-Un¬ sh-®q¿ h-Scm-b C-c-´ ssh-Zy≥ tKm- bv-°¬ sI kn tk-hy-dnP-Ω. a-°ƒ: k-Xn, e-Xn. t°-Xn¬ ho-´n¬ ta-P¿ hn-μ cm-a≥-˛ Pm-\-In Z-º- s‚ (A-∏-®≥) `m-cy a-dn]-tc-X-\m-b hn ]n D-Æn- Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ {]-k-∂- b-Ω tk-hy¿ (79). kwa-cp-a-°ƒ: a-[p-\m-b¿, Ir-jv-W-]n-≈-bp-sS `mF-kv P-b-N-{μ≥.Ip-am¿ (56). `m-cy: {io-tZ- kv-Im-cw C-∂v Im-hm-ew aq-e-a-‰w-: Xo-s∏m-≈-tecy kn B¿ N-{μ-Ip-am-cn- hn. G-I-a-Iƒ: {io-{]n-b. sk‚ v sX-tc-km-kv ]‰p Nn-In-¬k-bn-em-bn-cpNn-¶-½ b-Ω (67). am-th-en-°-c ≈n-bn¬. ]-tc-X sh-fn-b- ∂- ho-´-Ω- a-c-W-a-S-™p. Xn-cp-Øn-°m-Sv: Nn-d-bn¬ I-≠n-bq¿ K-h. bp.]n.F- kp-tc-{µ³ \m-Sv sa-Xn-°-fw Ip-Spw]-{XG-P-‚ v Ip-f-am-hv N]-tc-X-\m-b kn hn tPm¿- kv. dn-´. {]-[m-\m-[ym-]nam-ln: a-ßm-Sv N-t{μm_mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: IpPn-s‚ `m-cy Nn-∂-Ω (94). I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. sN-´n-Ip-f- Øv Xm-sg Ip-\n-bn¬ Sn ™p-tam≥ ({_-Z¿ sN-dn- °pw- aq-´n¬- k-Æn-bp-sS`m-cy- ta-gv-kn- (39) B-Wv a-°ƒ: eo-em-Ω, en-kn, ß-c t]-f N-{μ-`-h-\n¬ bm≥ I-h-e-bv-°¬ ˛ sI kp-tc-{μ≥ (50). ]tam≥-kn (A-[ym-]-I≥, Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv. at]m-´ Un-ssh≥ Sow Aw- a-c-W-a-S-™-Xv. I-gn-™tcX \ mb hna p‡ `S ≥ hm-bv ]q-cv ap-l-Ω-Z≥ kv- °ƒ: {io-I-e (A-[ym-]nH-º-Xn-\v ho-´n¬- ]m-NKw, Imw-tIm A-ØmIp-™n-°Æ - s - ‚-bpw I), {io-Pn-Øv (sslIqƒ) ]-tc-X-bm-b IpIw- sN-øp-tºmƒ a-sÆWn), F¬ k Ω kÆ n Iu-ke - y-bp-sS-bpw a-I°u-≠v I-º-\n). a-cp-a™p-tamƒ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ÆH-gn-®v Xo- I-Øn-°p(tIm-kv-tam s]m-fn-‰≥ \mW v . `mc y: ]fl n\ n. a°ƒ: kn lc nI pa m¿ hn Fw X-ºn, Sn sP kmB-ip-]-{Xn, Xn-cp-h-\-¥- ∂-Xn-\n-sS km-cn-bn¬- ]°ƒ: kpc \ y, ic W y, (Xnc ph nX mwI q¿ tZh ap-th¬, am-Xyp sI Nm]p-cw), Ip-™p-tamƒ, S-¿-∂p]n-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿-∂v F-d-Wm-Ip-f- n-Øv. a-cp-aI - ≥: ct°m, km-en. ]-tc-X ]-cn- kzw t_m¿-Uv Hm-^n-kv), kva sIm-®p-t{X-kym-Ω, BØp kz-Im-cy- B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-¬- {]-th-in-∏n-®p. C-∂Pn¬. k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: bm-cw ]m-e-aq-´n¬ Ip-Spw- im-¥n-Ir-jv-W≥ (\m\n-Ω, P-bnw-kp-Ip-´n (ayq- se- a-c-W-a-S-™p. kw-kv-Im-cw- C-∂v Ip-f-am-hv skb¿ k-am-Pw t_m-bv-kv _mw-K-am-Wv. kp-tc-jv (apw-ss_), kp- kn-Iv hn-`m-Kw ˛-Un‚ v ta-co-kv ]-≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. ]-tc-X- sN-dpssl-kv-Iqƒ). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. [. ssh≥, jm¿-P), dm-Wn tXm-Wn- I-f-{X-h-b¬- Ip-Spw-_m-Kw-. a-°-ƒ:- tkm-\p(ap-Øq-‰v ^n≥-tIm¿-∏v, , k-©p. s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c), kp-tejv (sk‚ v ta-co-kv F-®vF-kv-F-kv, N-º-°p-fw). a-cp-a-°ƒ: tam-fn-Ω h-St°-°p-‰v (a-t©-cn), kG-gw-Ip-fw: a-cw ap-dn-°pÆn-®≥ (hn-ap-‡-`-S≥) ∂-Xn-\n-sS h-S-Øn¬-\ntN-∏n-e ]p-Ø≥-]-d-ºv ∂p ]n-Sn-hn-´v \n-e-Øp-ho(cm-a-¶-cn), Pn-Ωn-®≥ aW sXm-gnem-fn-bp-sS tZW-te¬ (a-W-em-Sn), tPm¿-Pv-Ip-´n C-e-™nl-Øv X-Sn ho-Wp a-cn-®p. °¬ (Ip-∂-¶-cn), Pn-Ωn- G-gw-Ip-fw sh-≈-]m-d apNm-t¡m {io-Pn-¯v am-Xyp ®≥ Nn-d-Ø-d (am-ºp-g-°- cn-t∏¬ ho-´n¬ i-in-bm\q-d-\m-Sv: a-‰-∏-≈n {ioap-°q¿: h-S-h-∏-Sn ]-\-®n- tIm-g-t©-cn: B-d-∑p-f cn), _o-\ \m-ev-]-Øhn-Zym-`-h-\-Øn¬ tKm-]n- ©n¬ (F-S-Xz), kv-‰p-h¿- Wv (55) a-cn-®-Xv. hym-gm-gv°¬ h-´-t»-cn¬ X-S-Øn- Xm-a-c-t»-cn aT-Øn¬ Sn N ssh-Io-´v sh-≈-]m-d \mY ≥ ]n≈ b ps Sb pw ¬ Nm-t°m Nm-t°m (]m- Sn am-Xyp (D-Æn-Ip-™v ´v (_n-kn-\-kv, s\-ømap-cn-t∏¬ `m-K-Øv tX∏-®≥˛ 87). `m-cy: a-dn-bm- ˛92). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o- iym-a-f-bp-sS-bpw a-I≥ I-c), jm-Pn Nm-W-I{io-Pn-Øv (29). k-tlm-Z- ‰n≥°pa-cw ap-dn-°p-∂-Xn-\nΩ Ip-∂-¥m-\w tX-°Sv. `m-cy: No-°-\m¬ ta°-fw (ssI-\-I-cn). cn: {io-hn-Zy. k-tlm-Z-cn \m-s]m-bv-I-bn¬ Ip-SpwsS-bm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. h-S-Øn¬\n-∂p ssI-hn-´v \n-ete-Xn¬ em-en. a-°ƒ: `¿-Øm-hv: c-Xo-jv. _mw-K-am-Wv. a-°ƒ: AØpho-W i-in-bp-sS tZ-l-tØ-bv-°v A-tX-a-cw hocm-P-Ω, s]m-∂-Ω, Hm-a®-≥-Ip-™v, t_-_n-®≥, \, Ip-™q-™-Ω, kqgp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D-S≥X-s∂ A-Sq¿ P-\-d¬ B-ipeo-em-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sF- kn, km-en, k-t¥m-jv. a- C-{_m-low ]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bnDc ph ® m¬: aW ° mb n hn, Pm≥-kn, tdm-bn. cp-a-°ƒ: -Ip-™p-tam≥ , √. kw-kv-Im-cw ]o-∂n-Sv. `m-cy: X-¶-Ω. a-°ƒ: APpa ma k v P nZ v ap≥ {]k nX-¶-®≥, tPm-bn, tIm-in, \n¬, k-\n¬.^m-¯n-a U‚pw tIm¨-{K-kv t\k-Æn, jm-Pn, kp-an.kp¬-Øm≥ _-tØ-cn: Xm-hp-am-b a-W-°m-bn ]m-π-t»-cn-bn-se ]-tc-X- cm-L-h³ k-do-\m a≥-kn-en¬ ]n ]n C-{_m-low (65). dn\m-b tIm-tbm-cn ho-´n]-ø-∂q¿: ku-Øv ¬ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy F¬.]n. kv-Iq-fn-\-Sp-Ø kv-hm-\ _-kv D-S-a-bmKp-cp-hm-bq¿: Kp-cp-hm-bq^m-Øn-a (85). a-°ƒ: sI hn cm-L-h≥ (65). `m- Wv. `m-cy: kn ]n kp-l¿ t£-{X-Øn¬ D-¬k-hd. a-°ƒ: d-km-Jv, dm-kn- Pm-\-In-b-½ aq-k, e-Øo-^v, ap-kv-Xcy: c-am-h-Xn. tIm-g-t©-cn: sN-dp-tIm- ]-I¿-® hm-ßm-s\-Øn^, k-eow, ssk-\-_, a-°ƒ: _n-μp (A-[ym-]n- Jv (Zp-_-bv), d-jo-Z, i¬ ]p-Xp-∏-d-ºn¬ ho-´n¬ b tZ-h-kzw ap≥ Po-h-\dw-e, ]-tc-X-bm-b BI), _o-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm- °o-e, k-do-\, dn-kv-hm]-c-ta-iz-c≥ \m-b-cp-sS °m-c≥ Ip-g-™pho-Wv \ (Zp-_-bv). P-ti-J-c≥. bni. `m-cy Pm-\-In-b-Ω( 91 ). a-cn-®p. Xn-cp-sh-¶n-Sw lkw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hnse 11\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a- cn-\n-hm-kn¬ in-h-i-¶-c≥ \m-b-cm-Wv(67) a-cn-®°ƒ: {io-[-c≥ \m-b¿, Kw-Km-[-c≥ \m-b¿, ]p-cp- Xv. cm-hn-se F-´v a-Wntjm-Ø-a≥ \m-b¿, Hm-a- tbm-sS ]-Sn-™m-sd \-Sbn¬ ]-I¿-® hm-ßm≥ \, X-¶-°p-´≥ \m-b¿, tam-l≥-Zm-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \n¬-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS Ip-g-™pho-W C-t±-l-sØ ``m-\p-a-Xn-b-Ω, e-Xmw-_n- Iv-X-cpw Po-h-\-°m-cpw tN¿-∂v tZ-h-kzw sa-Un-°¬ I, c-a, tam-l-\-N-{μ-]sk‚-dn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®nWn-°¿, c-a-Wn.cp-∂p. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se F-´n-\v Kp-cp-hmbq¿ \-K-c-k-` hm-X-I iv-a-im-\-Øn¬. `m-cy: cp-‹A-ta-cn-¡-bn A-¶m-½ tIm-in bp.-F-Ên \n-cym-X-\m-bn Wn (am-t\-P¿, Kp-cp-hm-bq¿ t£-{Xw). a-°ƒ: l-cn\n-cym-X-\m-bn C-e-¥q¿: Xm-g-bn¬ Ipsa-cn-em‚ v: sN-ß-∂q¿ \m-cm-b-W≥ (Zp-ss_), l-cn-{]-km-Zv (jm¿-P). a-cpap-´p-Nn-d: sIm-´m-c-Øn¬ Spw-_mw-K-am-b I-√q-]m-e- sIm-gp-h-√q¿ Io-cn-°m-Sv a-°ƒ: {]-ho-W, Zo-]v-Xn. sIm-t®-´-s‚ a-I≥ tPmØn-¶¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI h-en-b-]-d-ºn¬ sI sI kv (66) A-ta-cn-°-bn-se Sn tIm-in-bp-sS `m-cy A- Ip-cp-hn-f(X-¶-®≥-˛83) ^n-em-U¬-^n-b-bn¬ \n- ∂m-Ω tIm-in(97). kwcym-X-\m-bn. kw-kv-Im-cw kv-Im-cw \m-sf ssh-Io-´v bp.-F-kv.-F-. sa-cn-em^n-em-U¬^n-b-bn¬ ap-∂n-\v sk‚ v tXm-a-kv ‚n¬ \n-cym-X-\m-bn. sk‚ v tXm-a-kv ko-tdm am¿-tØm-am ]-≈n sk-an- kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-{Xn ]m-h-d-´n: bp-h-Xn-sb hm-S-I ho-´n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \na-e-_m¿-]-≈n sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. ta-ap-dn-bn¬ F-´n-\v bp.-F-kv.-F. e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. tk-ew tIm-´m-ta-Sv sh-ßq¿ kz_m¬-‰n-tam¿ am¿-tØmtØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ta-cn Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv. atZ-in i-¶-dn-s‚ `m-cy tZ-hn(20)sb-bm-Wv Im-°-t»hÂk ½ B-bmw-Ip-Sn Im-em-bn¬ a ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn°ƒ: tIm-in tXm-a-kv, Xn-S-\m-Sv: I-f-cn-°¬ ap-c- cn hn-Zy-hn-lm¿ kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]-ap-≈ C-e-h-{¥ aIp-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: A-∂-Ω im-ap-th-¬, bn¬. t\m-l-c-s‚ D-S-a-ÿ-X-bn-ep-≈ hm-S-I Izm-t´-gvtUm-an (bp.F-kv.F), tUm. A-e-Iv-km-≠¿ `m-cy: tIm-´-bw Im-™n- fn-bp-sS `m-cy h¬-k-Ω kn¬ C-∂-se cm-hn-se G-tgm-sS- Xq-ßn-b \n-e(48). kwk v I mc w C∂ v tUm-fn ( Zp-_m-bv). a-cp-a- tIm-in(sk-©z-dn tlmc-∏-≈nbn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw- cm-hn-se 11 \v ho-´p-h-fbn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. ]m-h-d-´n km≥-tPm-kv B-ip°ƒ: F-an-en≥ ]p-Xp-∏kv-]n-‰¬), am-Xyp tImKw a-dn-bm-Ω. ∏n¬. ]-tc-X ]p-Xp-∏-≈n ]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-®p-sh-¶n-epw a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®n-cpd-ºn¬ Ip-a-c-Iw, D-Ωin, k-J-dn-bm tIm-in, a° ƒ: tUm. At imI v , I-f-cn-°¬ Ip-Spw-_mw®≥ an-{X-°-cn. ∂p. i-¶-dpw Ip-Spw-_-hpw ]-Øp h¿-j-am-bn-´v tI-cG-{_-lmw tIm-in. a-cp-atUm. B-\-μv, tUm. A- Kw. a-°ƒ: a-\p, im-ep. °-ƒ: A-∂-Ω tXm-a-kv, f-Øn-ep-≠v. aq-∂p h¿-jw ap-ºm-Wv Im-°-t»-cn-bnssk-X-e-hn kn Fw im-ap-th¬, ta-cn Pn-Øv. se hm-S-I-ho-´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv-‰pac pa ° ƒ: tUm. sPk n, a½ p Kq-U-√q¿: A-Øn-]m-fn A-e-Iv-km-≠¿, tam-fn am¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw \m-´n-se-Øn-®v kw-kv-°-cnIm-™n-tcm-Sv: ]m-dam-Xyp, tam≥-kn k-J-dn- tUm. kq-k≥, tUm. ssk-X-e-hn (54). `m-cy: °pw. a-°ƒ: tKm-Ip¬, \n-[o-jv. °¬ a-Ωp (65). ko-am. bm, sU-kv-en. ^m-Xzn-a.

sX-§nÂ\n-¶v ho-Wp a-cn-¨p

s]m-Å-te-äp Nn-In-Âk-bn-en-cp-¶ho-«-½- a-c-n¨p-

ap-dn-¡p-¶-Xn-\n-sS acw ho-Wv sXm-gn-em-fn a-cn-¨p

tPmÀ-Pp-Ip-«n

A-¶-½

Ip-∂-¥m-\w: N-°pw-aq´n¬ a-e-bn¬ tPm¿-Pp-Ip´n (]o-‰¿˛ 55). `m-cy: tacn-°p-´n. a-°ƒ: tPm-_n, tPm-Pn, tPm-an. a-cp-a-I≥: {]-km-Zv-. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v ]-{¥-≠n-\v h-≈-a-e sk-ln-tbm≥ Hm¿-ØtUm-Œ-kv ]-≈n-bn¬.

Nm-em-∏-≈n: ta-Øm-\w Nn-‰q¿ tPm-k-^v Nmt°m-bp-sS `m-cy A-∂-Ω (66). a-°ƒ: k-Pn, Pn-Pn, d-Pn (Ip-ssh-Øv), tPmPn, en-Pp, jm-Pn, tkm-Pn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B≥-kn, tj¿-fn, an-ln-X, Pn-\p. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 11.30\v sh-´n-° ]p-c-bn-Sw sk‚ v sk-_m-Ãy≥ ItØm-en-°m -]-≈n- skan-tØcnbn¬. ]-tc-X s\-Spw-Ip-∂w tXm-ºnbn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-am-Wv.

a-½q-«n \m-emw-ssa-¬: sI-√q-¿ Im-´n-®n-d-°-¬ a-l-√nse Pp-ap-A-Øv ]-≈n ap≥-Im-e ap-A-±n-\m-b tN°v a-Ωq-´n (65). `m-cy: ]m-Øpsh-´-≥. a-°-ƒ: k-^q-d, A-–p-√. a-cp-a°-ƒ: ssd-lm-\-Øv ]pfn-™m-¬. ssk-\p-±o-≥ I-c-Wn.

A-¼p Ip-≠w-Ip-gn: tIm-´h - b - en-se F-kv sI A-ºp (74). a-°ƒ: P-bd- mw, P-be-£va - n, k-ck - z-Xn, KtWjv, {]-km-Zv.

km-dm-½

A-¶-½ hÀ-¡n

ap-´-∏-≈n: ap-´-∏-≈n s\√n-aq-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Nm≠n-bp-sS `m-cy km-dm-Ω (94). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v c≠n-\v ap-°q-´p-X-d Ak≥-j≥ am¿-tØm-Ωm ]-≈n- sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ : tXm-a-kv-Ip-´n, X¶-®≥, tam-\n-®≥, Ip™q-™-Ω, X-¶-Ω. a-cpa-°ƒ : X-¶-Ω, sIm-®ptamƒ, tam-fn, kv-I-dn-b, ]-tc-X-\m-b Cu-∏≥.

Xn-S-\m-Sv: I-tcm-´p-]pt≈m-en¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI kn h¿-°n-bp-sS `mcy A-∂-Ω (85). kw-kvIm-cw \-S-Øn. ]-tc-X ss]-I Xq-°p-gn-bn¬ IpSpw-_m-Kw. a-°ƒ: ta-cn, A-∏-®≥, X-¶-®≥, tdmk-Ω, kq-k-Ω, tdm-bn. acp-a-°ƒ: Nm-t°m-®≥, ta-cn, en-√n-kv, B-K-kv‰n≥, tXm-a-kv, Pm≥-kn.

\m-cm-b-W s]m-Xp-hmÄ

I-cp-h-©m¬: hm-bm-´p]-d-ºn-se B-Zy-Im-e IpSn-tb-‰ I¿-j-I≥ ]q-∏n≈n¬ B-K-kv-Xn (]m-∏®≥-˛85). `m-cy: c-b-tcmw sIm-®p-∏-d-ºn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw I-{Xo-\.

]-ø∂ - q¿: A-∂q¿ ]-Sn™m-sd I-cb - n-se ap≠y-Øv \m-cm-W s]m-Xphmƒ (78). tIm-tdmw kztZ-in-bm-Wv. `m-cy: Im¿Xym-b\ - n.

]n sI tIm-b au-em-\ BÀ-P-h-ap-Å ]-Þn-X³: C-amw-kv Iu¬-kn Xn- c p- h - \ - ¥ - ] p- c w: k- a q- l Øn¬ \n-∂v A-{]-Xy-£-am-bns°m- ≠ n- c n- ° p- ∂ B¿- P - h - a p≈ ]-fin-X-cn¬ D-∂-X ÿm\o- b - \ m- W v A- ¥ - c n- ® ]n sI tIm-b au-em-\-sb-∂v Hmƒ C¥ym C- a mw- k v Iu¨- k n¬ kw-ÿm-\ k-an-Xn A-\p-kv-acn-®p. {]- X n- k - ‘ n L- ´ - ß - f n- ¬ , {]- t Xy- I n- ® v ]q- ¥ p- d t]m- e p≈ {]-tZ-i-Øv k-ap-Zm-b-sØ ap- ∂ n¬ \n- ∂ v \- b n- ° p- I - b pw Zn- i m- t _m- [ w \¬- I p- I - b pw sN- b v - X ]- fi n- X - \ m- W v Ct±lw. `-c-W-kn-cm tI-{μ-amb Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-c-Øv A-c- \q‰m≠n- e - [ n- I w {]- i - k v - X - a m- b H-cp ÿm-]-\-Øn-s‚-bpw a-l√n-s‚-bpw A-a-c-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-

B-en-kv

ao-\m-£n-b-½

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: thm-´p-tNm-Zn-°m≥ sN-∂ tIm¨-{K- p-Im¿ ssI-tb-‰w sN-bv-X Nm-b-°S-°m-c≥ Ip-g-™p-ho-Wv a-cn-®p. A-º-e-Ø-d Fkv-.Fw. tem-°n¬ bq-k-^v B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´p aq-∂pa-Wn-tbm-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. ]q-¥p-d t]m-en-kv tÃ-j-\p-ap-ºn¬ Nm-b-°-S \-S-Øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p bq-k-^v. bp.Un.F-^v. ÿm-\m¿-Yn i-in X-cq-cpw kw-L-hpw thm-´p tNm-Zn-®p bq-k-^n-s‚ I-S-bn-se-Øn-bt∏mƒ ho-≠pw h-∂-t√m F-∂p ]-d-™ bq-k^n-t\m-Sv tIm¨-{K-kp-Im¿ I-b¿-°p-I-bpw Ak-`yw ]-d-™p ssI-tb-‰w sN-øp-I-bp-am-bn-cp∂p. i-in X-cq¿ I-S-bn-en-cp-∂p Nm-b-Ip-Sn-°p-∂ t^m-t´m-sb-Sp-Øv s{^-bnw sN-b-Xm¬ am-{X-ta C-hn-sS I-S-\-S-Øm≥ A-\p-h-Zn-°q F-∂p `o-jWn-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bpw sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p-h-s{X. kw-`h-sØ Xp-S¿-∂p ho-´n-se-Øn-b bq-k-^n-\p s\©p-th-Z-\ A-\p-`-h-s∏-Sp-I-bpw Ip-g-™v ho-gpI-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p. Xp-S¿-∂v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øns®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√.

∂n- ´ pw A- [ n- I m- c nh¿- K - h p- a mbn A-I-ew ]m-en-°p-I-bpw ]fin-X-s‚ am-Xr-I Im-Øp-kq£n- ° p- I - b pw sN- b v - X C- t ±lw k- a pZm- b - Ø n- s ‚ G- I - X bv - ° p- t h- ≠ n \n- e - s Im- ≈ p- I bpw `n- ∂ - X - b p- s S kz- c - ß - s f i- ‡ - a m- b n \n- c m- I - c n- ° p- I bpw sN- b v - X p. k- a p- Z m- b - Ø ns‚- b pw k- a p- Z m- b t\- X r- X zØn-s‚-bpw im-‡o-I-c-W {ia-߃-°v I-e-h-d-bn-√m-Ø ]n¥p-W-bm-Wv A-t±-lw \¬-Inb-Xv. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ hn-tbm-Kw ap-kv-enw k-ap-Zm-b-Øn-\v \n-IØm-\m-hm-Ø hn-S-hm-Wv kr„n-®-sX-∂pw Hmƒ C-¥ym Camw- k v Iu¨- k n- ¬ kw- ÿ m\ k-an-Xn A-`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p.

B-K-k-vXn

Kp-cp-h-bqÀ t£-{X-¯n ap³ Po-h-\-¡m-c³ Ip-g-ªpho-Wv a-cn-¨p

hm-S-I ho-«n bp-h-Xn Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

t«m-bv-¡p- ap-I-fn a-cw ho-Wv I-s−-bv-\À tem-dn Im-dn-en-Sn-¨v bp-h F³Pn-\o-bÀ a-cn-¨p Hmho-«-½ a-cn-¨p

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv/I-Æq¿: am-Xm-hns‚ a-cW - m-\¥ - c - ®S-ßp-If - n¬]-s¶-Sp-°m-≥ t]m-b Ip-Spw-_wk-©-cn-® Im-dn¬- I-s≠-bv-\¿tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v- bph F≥Pn-\o-bdmb a-I≥- a-cn-®p.- ]n-Xm-hn-\pw aq-∂v- k-tlm-Z-c-߃-°pw- Kp-cpX-cambn ]-cn-t°-‰p. tIm-gn-t°mSv ]m-hß - m-Sv ]p-Øq¿- ko-\m πmkv‰ - n-Ivk - n-\v- k-ao-]w- In-g° - p-ho´n¬- ]-dº - n¬- aT-Øn¬ ap-lΩ - Zvt- Im-bb - p-sS a-I\pw F≥Pn-\ob-dp-amb- ln-jmw- ap-l-Ω-Zv (35) B-Wv a-cn-®X - v. Kp-cp-Xc - a - m-bn- ]-cn-t°-‰ ap-lΩ-Zvt- Im-b (67)sb-bpw- a-°f - m-bXu-ko-^, lm-jn-^v, l-ko-^v F-∂n-hs - cbpw tIm-gn-t°m-Sv - saUn-°¬- tIm-f-Pv- B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬- {]-th-in-∏n-®p.-

sXm-≠-bm-Sv- ss_]m-kvPMvj-\n¬- sh-≈n-bm-gv-N ]pe¿-s® 5.-25\m-bncp∂p A-]-ISw.- am-hq¿- tdm-Un-¬- \n-∂p- h-cnI-bm-bn-cp-∂ I-s≠-bv\¿ temdn Im-dn-s\ C-Sn-®p-sX-dn-∏n-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- a-em-]-d-ºv- tdm-Unte-°v- sX-dn-®p-ho-W Im-dns‚-

ss{U-h¿- ko-‰n¬- Ip-Sp-ßn-b ln-jm-an-s\ _o-®v- ^-b¿-t^m-gvkv- F-Øn- Im¿- sh-´n-s]m-fn-®mWv- ]p-ds - Ø-Sp-ØX - v. c-≠pZn-h-kw- apºm-Wv- lnjm-an-s‚ amXmhv l^vk a-cn-®Xv. a-c-Wm-\-¥-c®-S-ßp-I-fn¬]-s¶-Sp-°m-≥ D-Ω-bp-sS hm-g°m-s´ ho-´n¬ t]m-hp-tºm-gm-bncp-∂p- A-]I - S- w.G-sdIm-ew- J-Ø-dnem-bn-cp∂ Ip-Spw-_w- am-Xm-hn-\v tcm-Kw aq¿-On-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v \m-ep Zn-h-kw ap-ºm-Wv tIm-gn-t°ms´-Øn-b-Xv. ln-jm-an-s‚ `m-cy: X-fn-∏-d-ºn-se {]-i-kv-X sU‚¬ tUm-Œ¿ Sn A-–p¬ k-a-Zns‚ a-I-ƒ \n-jv-\ (J-Ø-dn¬ F≥-Pn-\o-b-dm-Wv). a-°ƒ: lbm≥, l-k.

Xp-Δq¿: Hm-Sn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂ Hmt´m-bv-°p- ap-I-f-n¬ a-cw- s]m-´nho-Wv ho-´-Ω -a-cn-®p. ]m-bn-∏p√n-se ]-tc-X-\m-b ]p-∂-dm-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv F-∂ \m-Wn-bp-sS `mcy J-Zo-P(51)bm-Wv X¬£Ww a-cn-®-Xv. Iq-sS-bp-≠mb a-°-ƒ Pm-^¿(27), d-Po\(30) F-∂n-h-sc Kp-cp-X-c-]-cn°p-I-tfm-sS s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®p.

C-∂-se cm-hn-se 10HmsSbm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. ]m-bn-∏p-√nse ho-´n¬-\n-∂p a-t©-cn-bnte-°p t]m-hp-∂-Xn-\n-sS \n-eºq¿˛s]-cp-ºn-em-hv kw-ÿm-\ ]m-Xbnse- ]q-°p-Øv td-j≥-]Sn-°p k-ao-]-am-Wv A-]-I-Sw. Xq-ßn-°n-S-∂n-cp-∂ B¬-a-cØn-s‚ sIm-ºv Hm-t´m-bv-°p apI-fn-¬ -ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. aI≥ Pm-^-dm-bn-cp-∂p Hm-t´m HmSn-®n-cp-∂-Xv.

ss_-¡p-IÄ Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn A-ºm-Sn \-gv-k-dn-°v k-ao-]w Ccp-N-{I-hm-l-\-߃ Iq-´n-bn-Sn®v bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. a-s‰m-cmƒ-°v ]-cn-t°-‰p. C-∂v cm-hn-se-bm-Wv kw-`-hw. ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn-bn¬ \n-∂v B\-ßm-Sn-bn-te-°v h-cn-I-bm-bncp-∂ ss_-°v bm-{X-°m-c≥ B-\-ßm-Sn -F-c-™n-°¬ lukn¬- jm-lp¬ l-ao-Zv (34) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. c-≠m-a-sØ ss_°n¬ bm-{XsN-bv-Xn-cp-∂ B-\ßm-Sn kz-tZ-in In-g-°-s‚ ]p-cbn¬ A-en A-Iv_-dn-s\ (22) ]Kq-U-√q¿: bp-hm-hn-s\ hn-jw A-I-ØpsN-∂p a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I- cn-°p-I-tfm-sS sa-Un-°¬ tIms≠-Øn. ta¬ Kq-U-√q¿ sI sI tIm-f-\n-bn-se a-Wn-I- f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-inWvT(36)s\-bm-Wv ho-´n-\p-≈n¬ a-cn-®\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. am-Xm-hv: ∏n-®p. jm-lp-en-\v `m-cy-bpw aqk-c-kp. `m-cy: hn-P-bv. a-Iƒ: A-`n. ∂p a-°-fp-ap-≠v.

hn-jw A-I-¯psN-¶v a-cn-¨p


Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2014-03-22