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thÀ-]mSv

KOCHI

15 am¿®v 2014 i\n

a-ª-¸n-¯w _m-[n-¨v Hm-t«m ss{U-hÀ a-cn-¨p

]qt¡m-b X-§Ä Nm-h-°m-Sv: I-S-∏p-dw ]p-

kp-Ip-am-c³

-ImÀ-Xym-b-\n

Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n

im-c-Z

I-_oÀ -dm-hp-¯À

tIm-c-Xv-

Xn-b-ßm-Sn _p-Jm-d-bn¬ Io-∏m-´v ]q-t°m-b X-߃ (70). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v 10\v _p-Jm-dm ]-≈n J_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `m-cy: \^o-k _o-hn. a-°ƒ: B-_n-Zo≥ X-߃, Cuk X-߃, sk-°o-\ _o-hn, k-ao-d _o-hn, lm-jnw X-߃. a-cp-a°ƒ: km-_n-d _o-hn, jn-_n-en X-߃, ap-lΩ-Zv d-^o-Jv, \-Pv-ap-∂o-k _o-hn, \m-kn-l _o-hn.

I-≠-»mw-I-S-hv: ]-Sn-bw Iq-´m-e ]m-d-s‚ a-I≥ sI ]n kp-Ip-am-c≥(77). apw-ss_ Jm-Zn B‚ v hnt√-Pv C≥-U-kv-{Sn-kn-s‚ I-Ωo-j-W-td-‰n¬ D-tZymK-ÿ-\m-bn-cp-∂p. kw-kv-Im-cw am¿-®v 16 Rm-b-dm-gv-N 10\v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬. `m-cy: A-Pn-X. a-°ƒ: kp-Pn-Øv (bp.Fkv.F), kv-an-X(apss_). a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-a, A-P-bv.

a-e-bm-‰q¿: hn-f-ßm-´n¬ kp-{_-“-Wy≥ `m-cy Im¿-Xym-b-\n (84). Iq-h∏-Sn t]m-´-t»-cn Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wp ]-tc-X.-kwkv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\p a-e-bm-‰q¿(Cu-Ãv) F-kv.-F≥.-Un.]n. iv-aim-\-Øn¬. a-°ƒ: k-ckp, k-hn-X, P-b-e-£v-an, k-Xo-i≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: NnZw-_-c≥, X-ºn, hn-Pb≥, P-e-P.

sIm-®n: sN-dm-bn ]-t√m°m-Sv am-[-h≥ a-I≥ -Irjv-W≥-Ip-´n (75). kw-kv°m-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: jn-\n, jn-Pn, kn-t\m-Pv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-a¬, A\n¬-Ip-am¿, \o-\p-knt\m-Pv.

F≥. ]-d-hq¿: s]-cp-º-S∂ sIm-t√m-cn-Ø-d ]-tcX-\m-b Zm-k-s‚ `m-cy im-c-Z(81).kw-kv-Im-cw \S-Øn. a-°ƒ: ko-\, koa, km-P≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tam-l-\≥, Zn-t\-jv, kPn.

Ip-ªm-an l-Öp-½

Pm-\-In

c-Xv-\-Km-Ôn

in-h-cm-a³ \m-bÀ

a-dn-bp-½

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: No-cm-‰-bnse Xm-sg ho-´n¬ B-bnkp (75). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b a-Ωp.

a-t©-cn: ]-ø-\m-Sv sNdp-Ip-fw ]-tc-X-\m-b Aen lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ISp-]m-en a-dn-bp-Ω (85).

X-e-t»-cn: A-≠-√q¿ tam-kv-tIm \-K-dn¬ Pm\-In k-Z-\-Øn¬ Pm-\In (90). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b Zm-dq-´n. a-°ƒ: {]-`m-I-c≥, Znhm-I-c≥, th-Wp-tKm-]me≥, \n¿-a-e, e-£v-an, kp-[m-I-c≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-¶w, t_-_n, b-ap-\, k-Pn-\.

tIm-X-aw-K-ew: ]m-e-a-‰w B-cy-hn-em-kw F-tÃ-‰v kq-{]-≠m-bn-cp-∂ Nn-dtΩ¬ h-S-°≥ tIm-c-Xv (94). `m-cy: t{X-kym-°p´n. a-°ƒ: t]m-fn (ssl{Z-_m-Zv), sU-bv-kn, tamfn, tj¿-fn, tkm-an. a-cp-a°ƒ: an-\n, sIm-®p-dmWn, tPm¨-kv, sP-bn≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b tXm-a-kv.

B-bn-kp

t]-cm-{º: t]-cm-{º a¿®‚ v-kv A-tkm-kn-tbj≥ ap≥ {]-kn-U‚pw hym-]m-c{]-ap-J-\p-am-b _m-Zp-jm A-l-Ω-Zv lmZn-bp-sS `m-cy F-S-∏m-d Ip-™m-an l-÷p-Ω (71). a-°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^ , _m-Zp-j A-–p¬- kemw, _-jo¿, A-iv-d-^v , P-ao-e, k-^n-b.

B-ep-h:- Xm-bn-°m-´p-I-c Im-™n-c-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b A-∫m-kv dm-hpØ-dp-sS a-I-\pw B-ep-h \-K-c-k-`m Po-h-\-°m-c\p-am-b I-_o¿ -dm-hpØ¿ (58). `m-cy: ssa-ap\. a-°ƒ: \n-jm-Zv, _oam-_o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \hm-kv \-S-Ø-d, k-\n-P \n-jm-Zv.

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: `m-c-Xv F‚¿-ss{]-k-kv D-S-a aem-∏-d-ºv C-Jv-d tlm-kv]n-‰-en-\p k-ao-]w ko\m \n-hm-kn¬ ]m-S°¬ c-Xv-\-Km-‘n (Nn∂≥-˛66). `m-cy: I-√-S -a√n-t»-cn ko-\.

]p¬-∏-≈n: G-cn-b-∏≈n hm-gv-ho-´n¬ in-h-cma≥ -\m-b¿ (74). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: ]flm-£n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: _n-Pp in-h-cm-a≥, {ioP.

Nm-t¡m Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: C-Sp-º-bnse hn ]n Nm-t°m (65). `m-cy: tkm-b. a-I≥: ss¢-hv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-cym-t°m-kv, ta-cn-°pv´n, A-®m-Ω, am-Ø-®≥.

a-\-s°m-Sn: a-™-∏nØw _m-[n-®v Nn-In-¬kbn-en-cp-∂ H-m-t´m ss{Uh¿ a-cn-®p. a-\-s°m-Sn Ip∂n¬ h-gn-\-S-bv-°¬ ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-´-s‚ a-I≥ k-Xy-\m-Wv(42) a-cn-®-Xv. tk-hyÀ aq-e-¶p-gn: Xp-≠-Øn¬ Xr-iq¿ sa-Un-°¬ tImSn F tk-hy¿(80). kwf-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nnkv-°m-cw C-∂p ssh-Io-´v In- ¬ k- b n- e m- b n- c p- ∂ p. 4\p \-kv-d-Øv Xn-cp-Ip-Sw- Xr-iq¿ ]-Sn-™m-tdtIm_ tZ-hm-e-b-sk-an-tØ- ´-bn-se Hm-t´m-dn-£m ss{U-h-dm-Wv. A-Ω: `m¿K-hn. cn-bn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm- `m-cy: {io-hn-Zy. a-°ƒ:A --- -£-bv,- A-Xp¬-Iy-jv-W. b t{K-bv-kn. a-°ƒ: ssU-jn, \n-jn, kp-a≥ (Xp-≠-Øn¬ _m-‰-dn ]p-Xp-°m-Sv: a-Æw-t]-´ h-´-Wm-{X N-μ-∏-d-ºn¬ ktlmw, aq-e-¶p-gn). a-cp-a°ƒ: sP-bv-°-kv, sP-bv- ‘y(33) s]m-≈-te-‰v Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-s° a-cn-®p. Ign-™ Rm-b-dm-gv-N hn-f-°n¬\n-∂p h-kv-{X-Øn¬ k≥, {]o-a. Xo ]-S¿-∂m-Wv s]m-≈-te-‰-Xv. Xr-iq¿ sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-s°-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. _n-¨o-hn l-Öp-½ In-gn-t»-cn: Ip-dp-h-ºp-dØv ]-tc-X-\m-b s]-cn]p-Xp-°m-Sv: a-Æw-t]-´ hm-Øn-tb-S-Øv tam-l-\-s‚ ßm-S≥ Ip-´ym-ap- lm-Pn- `m-cy jo-_(47) s]m-≈-te-‰p a-cn-®p. I-gn-™ Zn-hbp-sS `m-cy sN-d-b-°m-´v kw cm-{Xn-bm-Wv C-h¿-°v s]-m-≈-te-‰-Xv. _n-®o-hn l-÷p-Ω Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in(81). ∏n-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. C-∂-se ]pe¿-s®-bm-Wv a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®-Xv. h-c-¥-c-∏n-≈n t]m-en-kv ta¬ \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

s]m-Å-te-ä ho«½ a-cn-¨p s]m-Å-te-äp a-cn-¨p

Im-WmXm-b bp-hm-hn-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw I-s−-¯n tUm.Jmen-Zv au-em-\m s\-Spw-Ip-∂w: C-kv-em-an-

I ]-fin-X≥ sX-≈nbn¬ ho-´n¬ tUm. Jmen-Zv au-em-\m (67). J-_d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 10.30\v s\-Spw-Ip-∂w Ppam a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬. ]-tc-X≥ bq-\m-\n tUm-Œ-dm-bn {]m-Œo-kv sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: P-ao-e_o-hn. a-°ƒ: l-_o-_v d-lv-am≥, AUz. A-Øo-Jv d-lv-am≥, ap-_m-d-Iv d-lv-am≥, ap-jvØm-Jv d-lv-am≥, h-ln-Zm sd-bv-lm≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv lm-cn-kv (Nm-aw-]Xm¬), k-_o-\, dn-^m-\, _o-am, j-_m-\m. N-ß-\m-t»-cn, s\-Spw-Ip∂w, ap-≠-°-bw, Ip-a-fn, aq-∂m¿, s]m-≥-Ip-∂w, Nn-‰m¿, ]-¥-fw Xp-S-ßnb ÿ-e-ß-fn¬ J-Øo_m-bn tk-h-\w A-\p„n-®n-´p-≠v. P-am-A-Øv Iu¨-kn¬ kw-ÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰n Aw-Kw, s\-Spw-Ip∂w P-am-A-Øv {]-knU‚ v F-∂o \n-e-I-fnepw tk-h-\-a-\p-„n-®n-´p≠v.

acbv-¡mÀ tIm-X-aw-Kew: s\√p°p-gn Ipw-_-I-∏n-≈n a-cbv-°m¿ (85). a°ƒ: kplvv-d, J-Zo-P, an-kdn, _jo¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: sk-bvZp-ap-l-Ω-Zv, _m-h, B-an\. J-_-dS-°w C-∂v cmhn-se 10\v X-´p-]d-ºv Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n-¬ \-S-°pw.

tPm-k-^v Bâ-Wn

kuZn-bn a-cn-¨p ]m-≠-\m-Sv: Xr-iq¿ Hm-´p-

ZnÂ-Pn-¯v

{io-tZ-hv

Im-knw dm-hp-¯À

sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: A-got°m-Sv ]p-Ø≥-]-≈n ]-Sn-™m-sd Iq-‰n¬ Im-kn-an-s‚ `m-cy P-aoe(52). a-°ƒ: A-–p-d-lnw, kn-±o-Jv, Xz-øn-_v. a-cp-a-Iƒ: ^m-Øn-a.

Nm-h-°m-Sv: sX-°≥ ]me-bq¿ I-cp-h-≈n Zn-t\-is‚ a-I≥ Zn¬-Pn-Øv (16). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®bv°v 12\v. am-Xm-hv: jo-e. k-tlm-Z-c≥: cm-lp-¬.

Nm-h-°m-Sv: _-kv Ãm-≥Uv k-l-I-c-W tdm-Un¬ s\-Sn-tb-S-Øv ho-´n¬ them-bp-[-s‚ a-I≥ {io-tZhv (48). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v. `m-cy: ssj-\n. a-°ƒ: hnjv-Wp, A-ssZz-Xv.

tIm-´m-߬: A-ºm-´v Ip-t∂¬ Im-knw dm-hpØ¿(76). `m-cy: \-_o-k. a-°ƒ: _-jo¿, A-–p¬ P-∫m¿ (πm-k Dw-d k¿ho-kv), C-eym-kv, bq-\pkv, ssj-e-P, jm-ln-Z. acp-a-°ƒ: \u-jm-Zv, knbm-Zv au-e-hn, kp-ss_-Z, k-Po-\, j-co-^, sj-an.

]-ºm-hm-en: aq-e-°-bw th-´¿-ap-dn-bn¬ tPm-k^v B‚-Wn (tPm-kv ˛ 57). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 3\v Xp-em-∏-≈n am¿-tØm-am…o-lm ]-≈n- ska-n-tØcnbn¬. `m-cy: a-dn-bm-Ω. a-°ƒ: Pn-tPm (H-am≥), tPm-Pn, ]-tc-X-bm-b tPm_n. a-cp-a-Iƒ: Zo-]v-Xn.

]-\-a-cw: \o¿-hm-cw A™-Wn-°p-∂v I-a-em-eb-Øn¬ sI hm-kp-]n≈ (80). ]-\-a-cw ]-©mb-Øv ap≥ ssh-kv {]kn-U‚ v \o¿-hm-cw K-h. ssl-kv-°qƒ A-[ym-]I≥ F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n-´p-≠v. `mcy: Pm-\-In-b-Ω.

Xn-cp-¼³

kp-Ip-am-c³ \m-bÀ

cm-h-tW-iz-cw: B-ZyIm-e tIm¨-{K- v {]h¿-Ø-I≥ sh-≈-¥-´tIm-f-\n-bn-se Xn-cpº≥ (75). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b Im-cn-®n. a-°ƒ: I-eym-Wn, Ir-jv-W≥. acp-a-°ƒ: cm-a≥, X-¶-aWn.

Im-™-ßm-Sv: G-gmwssa-en-se Fw kp-Ip-amc≥ \m-b¿ ]m-Sn-b-c (85). `m-cy-: _m-em-a-WnA-Ω. a-°ƒ: -]n cm-Lh≥ \m-b¿, ]n ]-fl-\m`≥ \m-b¿ (B-[m-cw Fgp-Øv, cm-P-]p-cw), ]-fln\n.

ap-t≈-cn-b: In-∂nw-Kmdn-se tIm-Sn-aq-e sI F®v ap-l-Ω-Zv (63). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d^v, _-jo¿, dp-Jn-b, \ko-a, ssa-aq-\, km-d, \ko-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-eow, C-kv-am-Cu¬, A-jv-d-^v , e-Øo-^v, \m-kn¿.-

Xn-cp-h-√: Im-c-°¬ Im™n-°m-hn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw ]-tc-X-\m-b sI sF ^n-en-∏n-s‚ a-I≥ A-gn-bn-S-Øv Nn-d sXt°-S-Øv t{K-kv hn-√bn¬ ^n-en-∏v h¿-Ko-kv (X-¶-®≥-˛68). kw-kv-Imcw ]n-∂o-Sv. `m-cy: Im-c°¬ B-Zn-®≥ ]-d-ºn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw ta-cn. a°ƒ: B-\n an-\n tXm-akv Ip-cy≥(]p-fn-°o-gv ap≥ tªm-°v ]-©m-bØv ÿn-cw k-an-Xn A[y-£, en-\n(Im-\-U). acp-a-°ƒ: Im-c-°¬ a-Wen¬ tPm-bn-°p-´n(k-eme), ]p-Xp-∏-≈n ]p-fn-°]-d-ºn¬ tPm-tam≥(Im\-U).

ap-l-½-ZvIp-ªn lm-Pn

]m-d A-ar-X \-K¿ ]p-Ipt∂¬ sP-bnw-kv ]n amXyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy A-∂-Ω A-e-Iv-km-≠¿ (P-b-˛35) ku-Zn-bn¬ \yp-tam-Wnb _m-[n-®v a-cn-®p. t\-gvkm-bn-cp-∂p. a-I≥: ª ≥.

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: Ip-f-ß-c ]p-fn-°≥ dm-t^-¬(76). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ]pXp-°m-Sv s^m-tdm-\- ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: an-\n, Um-\n, kn-\n, tKm-Uv-{^o. a-cp-a-°ƒ: h¿-Ko-kv, sP-bnw-kv, tkm-f-a≥.

I-Æm-Sn-∏-d-ºv: I-Æm-Sn∏-d-ºv Zm-dp¬ l-k-\mØv C-kv-em-an-Iv tImw-πIv-kv ssh-kv {]-knU‚pw km-aq-ln-I {]h¿-Ø-I-\p-am-bn-cp-∂ B-dmw-]o-Sn-I-bn-se sI -Sn -ap-l-Ω-ZvIp-™n lmPn (77). \n-Sp-hm-´v a-l-√v au-en-Zv I-Ωn-‰n Aw-K-hpw bm-°q-_n-b a-kv-Pn-Zv {]-kn-U‚p-am-bn-cp-∂p.

]-Xv-a-\m-`³

Ir-jv-W³Ip-ªv

th-em-bp-[³-]n-Å

hm-kp-tZ-h³-]n-Å

en-Ãn

G-en-¡p-«n

kp-Ip-am-c³ \m-bÀ

a√-∏≈n: \m-c-I-Øm-\n Ir-jv-W-I-e-bn¬ (A-°c-°m-´n¬) hn-ap-Iv-X-`-S≥ F B¿ ]-Xv-a-\m-`≥(94). `mcy: e-£v-an-°p-´n (Io-gv hm-bv-]q-cv ta-te-ta-{]-Øv Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw). a°ƒ: i-inI-e, _m-_p IrjvW-I-e (No-^v F-Un‰¿, _n t^m¿ _n¬-UnMv), ]-tc-Xbm-b h¬ke. a-cp-a°ƒ: c-ho-{μ≥, kp-tc-{μ≥, KoX.

tN¿-Ø-e: X-Æo¿-ap-°w ]-©m-b-Øv aq-∂mwhm¿Un¬ sh-≈n-bm-Ip-fw ac-ßm-´p \n-I¿-Øn¬ Irjv-W≥Ip-™v (84). -kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. `mcy: Nn-∂-Ω. -a-°ƒ: D-Z-bΩ, -{]-k-∂, -ap-c-fo-[-c≥, -a-Wn-°p-´n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥,- lcn-Zm-kv,- _n-μp.

am-∂m¿: Ip-c-´n-ti-cn {]k-∂-`-h-\n¬ hn th-embp-[≥-]n-≈(82). `m-cy: am-th-en-°-c sh-´n-bm¿ sX-t°-‰-Øv Ip-Spw-_mwKw ao-\m-£n-b-Ω. a°ƒ: {]-`-Ip-am¿, {]-k∂-Ip-am¿, {]-k-∂-Ip-amcn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I-\-I-Ω, {io-tZ-hn, kp-tc-{μ≥.

Im-bw-Ip-fw: s]-cn-ßme {io-`-h-\-Øn¬ _n-Pphn-s‚ `m-cy en-√n (35). aI≥: Im-in-\m-Y≥.

C-{_m-low- lm-Pn

sXm-Sp]pg: s\-Sp-ßm-´v Np-≠w-X-S-Øn¬ tPmWn-s‚ `m-cy G-en-°p-´n (85). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p -D-®-I-gn™v 2.30\p Imh-°m-Sv sk‚ v ta-co-kv ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: tPm¿-Pv, ]tc-Xbm-b ¢m-cΩ, tPmbn, P-bnw-kv, eo-kmΩ,tPmWn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-Xbm-b ta-cn, tPmWn ]-d-b-∂n-ew, h¬-k h-en-b-ho-´n¬- ]-d-ºn¬, h¬k-Ω Hm-S-bv-°¬, sS- n ss]-I-S. ]tc-X I-S-hq¿ Im-´-dp-Ip-Sn-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mwKw.

sh-≈-d-S: t{X-kym-]p-cw \m-dm-Wn {io-`-h-\n¬ dn´. Sn.F≥.C._n. Po-h-\°m-c≥ kp-Ip-am-c≥ \mb-¿ (65). `m-cy: {]-k-∂Ip-am-cn. a-°ƒ: {io-I-e, {io-I-WvT≥, {io-e-X. acp-a-°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am¿, B-i, In-tjm¿ Ip-am¿.

tZ-h-In A-½

\q-d-\m-Sv: D-f-hp-°m-Sv ]p¥-e-ho-´n¬ h-S-t°-∏p-cbn¬ ({io-`-h-\w) hm-kptZ-h≥]n-≈ (62). Np-a-´psXm-gn-em-fn bq-\n-b≥ (kn.sF.Sn.bp) Aw-K-ambn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn\n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: {io-e-X, {io-P, {io-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: Ir-jv-W-Ip-am¿, N{μ-ti-J-c≥-\m-b¿, tcWp-I.

dm-t^Â

hm-kp-]n-Å

b-tim-Z

ap-l-½-Zv

e-£-van

_-Zn-b-Sp-°: ]-tc-X-\mb _m-hp-™n-bp-sS `mcy _o-^m-Øn-a (63). a°ƒ: l-k≥, C-{_m-low, B-_n-Z, km-Pn-Z, k_o-\, A-∂-^, ku-Z.

]-ø-∂q¿: Ip-™n-aw-Kew I-≠w Ip-f-ß-c-bnse ssI-{]-Øv sXs°ho-´n¬ tZ-h-In AΩ (86). ]-tc-X-\m-b F Ip-™n-°-Æ≥ \m-b-cpsS (cm-h-Wo-iz-cw) `m-cybm-Wv.

am-\-¥-hm-Sn: sI-√q¿ al-√v I-Ωn-‰n c-£m-[nIm-cn-bpw kn a-Ωq-´n Fw.-F¬.-F.bp-sS ]nXm-hp-am-b N-°-c C{_m-low- lm-Pn (89). sI-√q¿ a-l-√v ap≥ -{]kn-U‚m-bn-cp∂p.

Xr-Øm-e: Ip-a-c-\-√q¿ {_-“-\-I-Øv ]-tc-X-\mb A-∏p-Æn-bp-sS `m-cy sIm-Sp-ap-≠ s]-cp-º-dt°m-´n¬ e-£v-an (67). a°ƒ: cm-[, ko-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-P≥, N-{μ-≥.

]-ø-∂q¿: Xm-bn-t\-cn-bnse ]m-Sm-t®-\n b-tim-Z (64). `¿-Øm-hv: A-\-¥≥ Imc-W-h¿. a-°ƒ: {io-P, {io-e-X, {io-\n-hm-k≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-ºm≥, _m_p Ip-t∏-cn, c-ln-\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: cm-a-N{μ≥, P-\m¿-±-\≥, Zmtam-Z-c≥, cm-Po-h≥, ]fln-\n, iym-a-f, ]-tc-X\m-b th-Wp-tKm-]m-e≥.

iym-a-f

a-dn-bm-½

cm-a-Ir-jv-W-]n-Å

ktcm-Pn\n

apc-fo-[c³

in-h-Zmk³

te-J

B-e-∏p-g: Im-´q¿ k¿thm-Z-b-]p-cw ]p-tØ-gØv (N-°p-¶¬) kn Un tI-c-f-cm-P-s≥-d (Hm-a-\°p-´≥) `m-cy ]n hn iyma-f (47). a-Iƒ: kn sI B-cy-tZ-hn. k-©-b-\w 20\v ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v.

]p∂-then: s]-cp-º≈n-°m-´v ]-tc-X\m-b ]n hn Ip-cy-s‚ `m-cy adn-bm-Ω(87). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf sshIo-´v aq-∂n\v sk-‚ v Pbnw-kv kn.-F-kv.sF. sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]tcX A-ºm-´v h-´-®m-°¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. a°ƒ: tUm. h¿-Ko-kv Ip-cy≥ (\yq-kn-e≥Uv), tPm¿-Pv Ip-cy≥, ]-tcXbmb tamfn. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]n kn Nmt°m, am¿-Kc-‰v A-em¿kv (Hm-kv-t{Xenb), ao\p (kn.-Fw.F-kv.F®v.F-kv, ]p-∂-th-en).

sN-ß-∂q¿: A-ßm-Sn-bv°¬ th-ßq¿ ho-´n¬ _n F≥ -cm-a-Ir-jv-W-]n≈ (77). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 11.-30\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: N-{μ-a-Xnb-Ω, a-°ƒ: _n-μp, {ioI-e, am-bm-e-£v-an. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, E-intI-iv, _n-Pp.

sh-™m-d-aqSv: I√-d Im´pw-]p-dw X-S-Ø-cnI-Øv ho-´n¬ hm-a-tZh-s‚ `mcy k-tcm-Pn-\n (82). a°ƒ: cmPp, t__n, Dj, _m_p. a-cp-aIƒ: Bi.

Im-´m°-S: Ip-‰n-®¬ hmg∏-≈n sIm-´mc-Øv \-S {]-km-Zv `-h-\n¬ ap-c-fo[-c≥ (54). `mcy: {ioeX. a°ƒ: {]-kmZv, i-cWy. a-cp-aI≥: {]-Zo-]v.

tIm-hfw: sNm-Δ-c ]-\\n-∂ ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ inh-Zm-k≥ (66). `m-cy: e-fnX. a°ƒ: jmPn, jo-P (]tc-X), jn_p. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-Pn-X, c-P-\n.

tIm-hfw: sh-ßm-\q¿ In-Sm-c-°p-gn ]-≈n-hnfmI-Øv ho-´n¬ i-in-Ipam-dn-s‚ `m-cy te-J (48). a°ƒ: {im-h¨, i-c¨.

hn-P-b³ \m-bÀ

{]-`m-I-c³ \m-bÀ

AUz. F³ _m-e-Ir-jv-W³ \m-bÀ

Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw: ta{]ma-Øv ho-´n¬ hn-Pb≥ \m-b¿ (62). `mcy: Pb-Ip-amcn. a°ƒ: {]-k∂-Ip-am¿, A-RvP-\. acp-aI≥: kp-`mjv.

Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw: sNºg-¥n P\-Xm tdm-Un¬ k-‘ym-`-h-\n¬ {]-`m-Ic≥ \m-b¿ (71). `mcy: C-μn-c. a-°ƒ: k-‘ym-tamƒ, bap-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: _m_p, amb.

A-¶-½ ]p¬-∏-≈n: h-b-\m-Sv Un.kn.kn. {]-kn-U‚ v sI F¬ ]u-tem-kn-s‚ am-Xm-hpw ]m-f-s°m-√n tem-\-∏-s‚ `m-cybpam-b A-∂-Ω (81). kw-kv-Imcw C∂v aq-∂n-\v sk-‚ v ta-cn-kv s^m-tdm-\m ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn-¬.

Ip-«-¸³ tN¿-Ø-e: \-K-c-k-` 16mw hm¿-Uv \n-I¿-Øn¬ ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ sI ]n Ip-´-∏≥ (74). `m-cy: cm-[. a-°ƒ: km-_p (Pn-√m C≥-jp-d≥-kv Hm-^n-kv F-d-Wm-Ip-fw),- P-b≥, -eX,- I-Æ≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cXn,- A-Rv-Pp (sI.-C.Im¿-a¬ kv-Iqƒ ap-lΩ),- kp-tc-jv,- B-Xn-c.-

^n-en-¸v hÀ-Ko-kv

P-ao-e

_o-^m-¯n-a

kp-sse-am³ apkveymÀ hm-fm-Sv: tN-cy-aq-e h≈n Ip-™-Ω-Xn-s‚-bpw sIm-∏-c B-bn-i-bp-sSbpw a-I≥ kp-sse-am≥ ss^-kn (39). In-\meq¿, I-√m-®n , sh-≈nem-Sn F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ J-Øo-_m-bn tk-h-\w sN-bv-Xn-´p-≠v.

Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw: tI-ih-Zm-k-]pcw sF-iz-cy \K-dn¬ ku-]¿-Wn-I-bn¬ AUz. F≥ _m-e-Irjv-W≥ \m-b¿ (75). `m-cy: tUm. Pn Ir-jv-WIp-am-cnb-Ω. aI≥: tUm. A-cp¨ _n \mb¿. a-cp-aIƒ: tUm. sP tZhnI.

]n-Xm-hn-s\ sIm-e-s¸-Sp-¯n-b tI-knÂ- A-d-ÌnÂ]q-™m¿-: a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ ]nXm-hn-s\ a¿-±n-®p sIm-e-s∏-SpØn-b tI-kn¬- a-I-s\ ]m-emUn-ssh.F-kv.- ]n-bp-sS t\-Xr-XzØn-ep-≈ t]m-en-kv- A-dà - v- sNbvX - p.- ssI-∏≈ - n- C-Sa - e - \m-´p-It√¬- tPm-Wn-s\(70)- sIm-es - ∏Sp-Øn-b tI-kn-¬ a-I≥- jm-Pn(35)bmWv Ad-Ãn-em-bX - v.kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v- t]m-enkv- ]-d-bp-∂-Xn-ß-s\: ta-kv-Xncn-∏-Wn-°m-c-\m-b jm-Pn- ÿncw- a-Zy-]m-\n-bm-Wv. I-gn-™ 26\v cm-{Xn- H-º-Xn-\v- a-Zy-]ns®Ønb ssjPn k-ao-]-sØ ho-´n¬- A-Xn-{I-an-®p I-b-dn-.- CXv- tNm-ZywsN-bvX - ]nXmhpw jmPn-bpw- X-Ωn¬- hm-t°-‰-ap-≠mhp-I-bpw- tPm¨- jm-Pn-bp-sS k¿-´n-^n-°‰ - p-If - pw- s_-Õpw- ho´p-ap-‰-Øn-´vI-Øn-°pIbpw

jm-Pn sNbvXp.- C-XpI-≠ {]-Xn- hSnsIm-≠v- tPm-Wn-s\ a¿-±n-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- a¿-±-\-Øn¬-hm-cnsb-√p-Iƒ- s]m-´n Kpcp-X-cm-hÿ-bn-emb tPmWns\- _-‘p°ƒ- ]m-em- Xm-eq-°m-ip-]-{Xnbn-epw- ]m-em-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-

ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw- {]-th-in-∏n-®p.B-ip-]-{Xn- A-[n-Ir-X-tcm-Sv- hoW-Xm-sW-∂mWv _-‘p-°ƒ]d-™n-cp∂Xv.- XpS¿∂v tIm-´bw- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pn¬- {]th-in-∏n-®-t∏mƒ- tUm-Iv-S¿-am¿°p-≠m-b kw-i-b-am-Wv- {]-Xnsb ]n-Sn-Iq-Sm≥- k-lm-bIambXv.- Nn-In-¬-k-bn¬- I-gn-b-sh tPm-Wn-\v- \yq-tam-Wnb- _m-[n®p. F-∂m¬- \yq-tam-Wn-b _m[n-®-√ a-cn-Wsa∂pw- a¿-±-\Øn¬- G-‰ ]-cn-°p-aq-e-amsW∂pw- A-t\z-jW - Ø - n¬- hy‡-am-bn.]m-em- Un-ssh.-F-kv-.]n- _nPp- sI kv‰ - o-^\ - pw- Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´ kn-.sF A-tim-Iv- Un- Ip-am¿,- Fkv-.sF Ip-cy≥- am-Xyp- F-∂nhcmWv- jm-Pn-sb A-d-Ãv sNbvXXv.

ssk-X-e-hn Xp-Δq¿: ]-≈n-∏d - º - v Ppam-ak - vP - n-Zn-\p k-ao-]sØ Iq-Øp-]d - º - ≥ ssk-Xe - h - n (60). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a.

ap-l-½-Zm-en Np-¶-Ø-d: ]n-em-tØmS≥ ap-l-Ω-Zm-en (87). `mcy: B-bn-i.

tI-fp C-cn-´n: Io-gq¿ sX-cp-hnse sIm-tΩ-cn tI-fp (80). `m-cy: am-[-hn.

sam-b-X v p t_m-hn-°m\w: dn-´. Btcm-Ky-hI - p-∏v Po-h\ - ° - mc≥ _m-e\ - S- p°-sØ sam-bvX - p (62). ]n-Xmhv: A-_vZ- p¿-dl - va - m≥. `m-cyam¿: k-^n-b, _o^mØ-a. a°ƒ: jmln≥, jw-ko-\, d-^oJv. a-cp-a°ƒ: I-cow, jm-°nd, k-^oe. k-tlm-Zc - ߃: A-_vZ- p¬ Jm-Z¿ - , \-^o-k, ssk\-_, Bbn-i, B-an-\, km-d.

]-co-£-bv-¡v t]m-hp-¶-Xn-\n-sS Ip-g-ªp-ho-W hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n a-cn-¨p l-cn-∏m-Sv: F-kv.-F-kv.-F¬.kn. ]-co-£-bv-°v t]m-hp-∂-Xn\n-sS Ip-g-™p-ho-W hn-Zym¿Yn-\n a-cn-®p. B-bm-]-d-ºv K-h.l-b¿ -sk-°≥U-dn kv-Iq-fnse 10mw -¢m-kv hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bmb sN-dp-X-\ B-\m-cn \-μ-\Øn¬ {io-Ip-am-dn-s‚ a-Iƒ Bcy({io-°p-´n˛15)bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se ]p-e¿s® \m-e-ctbm-sS h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bnem-Wv ac-Ww. sNm-Δm-gv-N D-®-bv-°v ]-co£bv-°v t]m-hm≥ ho-´n¬ \n∂n-d-ß-sh Ip-g-™pho-W hnZym¿Yn\nsb l-cn-∏m-Sv Xmeq-°m-ip-]-{Xn-bnepw ti-jw h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pnepw {]th-in-∏n-®Xm-bn-cp∂p.- -

X-e-bn-se R-c-ºp-Iƒ Zp¿-_e-am-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ Nn-In¬k-bn-en-cn-s° ikv{X-{Inb \S-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. C-Xn-\p ti-jam-Wv a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®-Xv. kw-kv-Im-cw ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-Øn. am-Xm-hv: P-b-{io.- G-I k-tlm-Z-c≥: B-Zn-Xy≥.

an-\mÀ A-Ðp-Ã X-f¶ - c - : ]-≈n-°m-en-se ao-\m¿ tÃm¿ D-Sa - A–p-√ (75). `m-cy: kp-ld - . a-°ƒ: Xm-Pp-±o≥, l-_o_v, \q-dp-±o≥, dm-^n, ap\o¿, ^-co-Z, ^-ao-Z, k-bvZ. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-lva - Z- v, ap\o¿, A-jv-d^ - v, ^u-knb, J-ad - p-∂n-k, kp-ssle, k-_n-X, in-_ve - n.

hm-Øp-cp-Øn: A-©p-Znh-kw ap-ºv Zp-cq-l-km-lN-cy-Øn¬ Im-WmXm-b bp-hm-hn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Øn. hm-Øp-cpØn hen-b a-c-Øn-¶n¬ sk-_m-kv-‰n≥ A-a-tcins‚ (k-_m-´n˛ 39) arX-tZ-l-am-Wv A-gpIn-b \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-bXv. I-gn-™ Rm-b-dmgv-Nbm-Wv k-_m-´n-sb Im-Wm-Xm-b-Xv. C-Xp-kw-_-‘n®v ho-´p-Im¿ t]m-enkn¬ ]-cm-Xn-\¬-In-bn-cp-∂p. C∂-se cm-hn-se G-gpaWn-tbm-sS hm-Øp-cp-Øn sd-bn¬-tht{Im-kn-\p k-ao-]-ap-f-f s]m-¥-°m-Sn-\Sp-Øm-Wv \m-´p-Im¿ ar-tXZ-lw I≠-Xv. X-e-bp-sS ]n≥-`mK-Øv B-g-Øn-ep-f-f ap-dn-hp-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xmbn ]-d-bp-∂p. a-c-W-Øn¬ Zp-cq-l-X-bp-s≠-∂p ImWn-®v ho-´p-Im¿ t]m-enkn¬ ho≠pw ]-cm-Xn \¬In. `m-cy: {^m≥ko-\. a-°ƒ: {]n≥-kv, \nΩn.

Kym-kv kn-en-−À tNmÀ-¶v s]m-Å-te-ä bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´: kn-en≠¿ kq-£n-®n-cp-∂ dq-an¬\n-∂v Kym-kv tNm¿-∂v Xo-∏n-Sn-Ø-Øn¬ s]m≈-te-‰ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´ I-Sp-hm-aqgn hm-°m-]-d-ºv ]m-ebw]-d-ºn-¬ _-jo-dn-s‚ a-I≥ ap-Po-_v (35) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. hym-gm-gv-N -cm-{Xn 8.45 \p C-¥y≥ Kym-kn-s‚ k-_v G-P-‚m-b ap-Po-_n-s‚ D-S-a-ÿ-Xb -- n-ep-≈ h-S-t°-°-c-bn-ep-≈ sI-´n-S-Øns‚ c-≠mw \n-e-bn¬ kq-£n-®n-cp-∂ dq-an¬ sse-‰v sX-fn-°m≥ kzn-®v C-´-t∏mƒ Xo- ]-S¿-∂v ]n-Sn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. dq-an¬ kq-£n-®n-cp-∂ Kym-kv kn-en-≠dn¬\n-∂v tNm¿-®-bp-≠m-bm-hp-I-bpw ssh-Zyp-Xn kv-]m¿-°v D-≠m-b-t∏mƒ Xo-∏n-SnØ-ap-≠m-b-Xmbpw ]-d-bp-∂p. tZ-l-am-k-I-ew s]m-≈-te-‰ ap-Po-_n-s\ D-S≥ tIm-´-b-sØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11 Hm-sS a-c-W-s∏-´p. `m-cy: kn-Pn-\ (F-cp-ta-en Nm-Ø≥-X-d Ip-h-Ip-t∂¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw). a-Iƒ: ^m-Øn-a. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´ ss\-\m¿ ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ J_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn.

hr-²-Z-¼-Xn-I-Ä ho-Sn-\p k-ao-]w a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

Ip-d-hn-e-ßm-Sv: ho-Sn-\p k-ao-]-Øv hr-≤-Z-º-XnI-sf a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn. -C-e-bv-°m-Sv c≠m-\n-bn¬ hm-kp (70), `m-cy k-tcm-Pn-\n (65) F∂n-h-sc-bm-Wv C-∂-se cm-hn-se a-cn-®- \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. ho-Sn-\p k-ao-]-ap-≈ B-e-bn-emWv ar-X-tZ-l-߃ I-≠- hm-kp Xv. B-kn-Uv D-≈n¬ sN∂m-Wv a-c-W-sa-∂m-Wv \n-K-a-\w. A-\nÂ-Ip-amÀ ar-X-tZ-l-߃-°v kIp-‰n-®¬: sXm-gp-Øn≥- ao-]-Øp-\n-∂v B-kn-UpI-c cm-[m-`-h-\n¬ A≈ I-∂m-kpw Ão¬ •m\n¬-Ip-am¿ (46). kpw I-s≠-Sp-Øn-´p-≠v. _n.sP.]n. Ip-‰n-®¬ ]tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ B©mb-Øv I-Ωn-‰n {]-kn- ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bnU‚m-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: bn¬ t]m-Ãptam¿-´-ØnAºnfn. aI≥: I-Æ-≥. \p ti-jw _-‘p-°ƒ- k-tcm-Pn-\n °v hn-´p-\-¬-In. Ip-ªm-an hm-kp-hpw `m-cy k-tcm-Pn-\n-bpw a-I≥ k-t¥mX-et- »-cn-: tKm-]m-et- ∏-´ jn-t\m-Spw Ip-Spw-_-tØm-Sp-sam-∏-am-Wv Xm-a-kw. dn-Iva - m-kn¬- ]-≈° - ≥C-∂-se cm-hn-se A-©-c-tbm-sS-bm-Wv ar-X-tZ-lIp-™m-an (70). `¿-Ømhv:- ]-tc-X\ - m-b ]n- hn- A- ߃ Im-Wp-∂-Xv. k-t¥m-jn-s‚ `m-cy cm-hn-se Dl-ΩZ- v.- a-°ƒ-: ap-\o¿-,- j- W¿-∂-t∏mƒ A-Sp-°-f-hm-Xn¬ Xp-d-∂p-In-S-°p-∂lo¿--.- a-cp-a° - ƒ-: F≥- hn- XpI-≠v kw-i-bw tXm-∂n-b-tXm-sS \-S-Øn-b At\z-j-W-Øn-em-Wv ho-Sn-\p sXm-´-Sp-Øp-≈ B-ejm-°n-d,- dn-kve - n- .- kbn¬ ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv . a-c-ßm-´p-]-≈n tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ-: lm-jnw-,t]m-en-kv kw-`-h-Øn¬ tI-sk-Sp-Øp. hm-kp-˛-kdw-e.- J-_d - S- ° - w- C-∂v D®-bv° - v H-∂n-\v- ssk-Zm- tcm-Pn-\n Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS H-cp a-I≥ kp-`m-jv h¿-j¿-]≈ - n- J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. ߃-°pap-ºv B-fl-l-Xy- sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. a-s‰m-cp aI≥ kp-tc-jv G-‰p-am-\q-cn-em-Wv Xm-a-kw.

bp-hm-¡Ä B-än ap-§na-cn-¨p Im-´m-°-S: I-c-a-\-bm-‰n¬ Ip-fn°m-\n-d-ßn-b A-©w-K kw-LØn-se _-‘p-°-fm-b c-≠v bphm-°ƒ ap-ßna-cn-®p. B-\-b-d tXm-∏n¬ {io \-μ-\-Øn¬ A\p-cm-Pv (26), B-\-b-d ]p-©n-cn ho-´n¬ k-t¥m-jv-˛-P-b-{io Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ hn-jv-Wp (22) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v c-t≠m-sS B-cy-\m-Sv B-\-tμ-iz-cw \n-c-∏n≥-Im-e IS-hn-em-Wv A-]-I-Sw. I-h-Sn-bm¿ sl¿-°p-en-kv acp-Xn tjm-dq-an-se Po-h-\-°m-cmb A-\p-cm-Pv, hn-jv-Wp, a-t\m-Pv (31), _n-\p (26), ssl-k¨ (33) F-∂n-hcmWv C-∂-se 12Hm-sSB-cy-\m-s´-Øn-b-Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v I-S-hn¬ Ip-fn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS hnjv-Wphns\ k-ao-]-sØ I-bØne-I-s∏-´p ImWm-Xm-bn. c-

A-\p-cm-Pv £n-°m-\nd-ßnb A\p-cm-Pns\bpw Im-Wm-Xmb-tXmsS kplr-Øp-°ƒ \n-e-hn-fn-®p. DS≥ k-ao-]hmkn-Iƒ F-Øn Xnc-®n¬ \-S-Øn-sb-¶n-epw c-£n°m-\m-bn-√. s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv ^b¿tÃ-j-\n-se Po-h-\-°m-cpw \m-´p-Im-cpw t]m-en-kpw tN¿-∂v

hn-jv-Wp \-S-Øn-b Xn-c-®n-en¬ 3.30Hm-sS ar-X-tZ-l-߃ I-s≠-Sp-°pIbm-bn-cp∂p. s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv Pn-√m B-ip-]{Xn bnse-Øn® ar-X-tZ-l-߃ C-∂v t]m-kv-‰vtam-¿-´-Øn-\v tijw _-‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp°pw.


8

thÀ-]mSv

KANNUR

15 am¿®v 2014 i\n

Hm-t«m-dn£-IÄ Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v \-gv-k-dn hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p kp-sse-am³ apkveymÀ

kp-Ip-am-c³ \m-bÀ

hm-fm-Sv: tN-cy-aq-e ]-tcX-\m-b h-≈n Ip-™-ΩXn-s‚-bpw sIm-∏-c Bbn-i-bp-sS-bpw a-I≥ kpsse-am≥ ss^-kn (39). In-\m-eq¿ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv, I-√m-®n X-´m-Øpw-]-≈n, sh-≈n-em-Sn Pp-am-a-kv-PnZv F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ JØo-_m-bpw Ip-Ω-t¶m-Sv a-Zvd-km A-[ym-]-I-\mbpw tk-h-\w sN-bv-Xn-´p≠v. `m-cy: a-dn-bw. ktlm-c-߃: sam-bv-Xp, A-–p-√, ^m-Øn-a, C-kva-mCu¬ k-A-Zn, ap-kv-X^, A-–p-√-Øo-^v, ]-tcX-\m-b bq-k-^v.

Im-™-ßm-Sv: G-gmwssa-en-se Fw kp-Ip-amc≥ \m-b¿ ]m-Sn-b-c (85). `m-cy-: _m-em-a-WnA-Ω. a-°ƒ: -]n cm-Lh≥ \m-b¿, ]n ]-fl-\m`≥ \m-b¿ (B-[m-cw Fgp-Øv, cm-P-]p-cw), ]-fln\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: D-Æn-Irjv-W≥ ]p-jv-]-Kn-cn (DØ-c-tZ-iw Im-k¿-tImUv), C-μn-c, h-√n. ktlm-Z-c-߃:- ]-fl-\m`≥ \m-b¿, tKm-]m-e≥ \m-b¿, N-{μ-h-Xn-b-Ω, Ip-™n-cm-a≥ \m-b¿, btim-Zm-Ω.

Xn-cp-¼³ cm-h-tW-iz-cw: B-Zy-Ime tIm¨-{K- v {]-h¿Ø-I≥ sh-≈-¥-´- tImf-\n-bn-se Xn-cp-º≥ (75). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b Im-cn-®n. a-°ƒ: I-eymWn, Ir-jv-W≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-a≥, X-¶-a-Wn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Im-cn-®n, sh-≈-®n, sZ-øp, ]-tc-X\m-b I-cn-b≥.

ap-t≈-cn-b: In-∂nw-Kmdn-se tIm-Sn-aq-e sI F®v ap-l-Ω-Zv (63). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d-^v, _jo¿ k-A-Zn (ku-Zn), dp-Jn-b, \-ko-a, ssa-aq\, km-d, \-ko-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-eow (Zp-_-bv), C-kv-am-Cu¬, A-jv-d-^v (ku-Zn), e-Øo-^v, \mkn¿ (ku-Zn).-

]p¬-∏-≈n: h-b-\m-Sv Un.kn.kn. {]-kn-U‚ v sI F¬ ]u-tem-kns‚ am-Xm-hpw ]p¬-∏≈n ]m-f-s°m-√n ]-tc-X\m-b tem-\-∏-s‚ `mcybpamb A-∂-Ω (81). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v ti-jw aq-∂n-\v ap≈≥-sIm-√n sk‚ v tacn-kv s^m-tdm-\m ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a‰pa°ƒ: sI F¬ tPm-Wn (hym-]m-cn hy-h-km-bn G-tIm-]-\ k-an-Xn ap≥ Pn-√m {]-kn-U‚ v), sI F¬ tPm¿-Pv, sI F¬ tSm-an (hn-P-bm l-b¿ sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iqƒ ]p¬-∏-≈n), t{K-kn, sP n, ]-tc-X-\m-b tPmkv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-\o-kv, ^n-tem-an-\, ta-cn, sPbn≥ (A-[ym-]n-I tk{I-´v lm¿-´v kv-Iqƒ Nme-°p-Sn) sP- n, tXm-am®≥, t]mƒ (A-[ym-]I≥, hn-P-bm l-b¿ sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iqƒ˛ ]p¬-∏-≈n).

Nm-t¡m

Pm-\-In

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: C-Sp-º-bnse hn ]n Nm-t°m (65). `m-cy: tkm-b. a-I≥: ss¢-hv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-cym-t°m-kv, ta-cn-°pv´n, A-®m-Ω, am-Ø-®≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b tPm-k-^v.

X-e-t»-cn: A-≠-√q¿ tam-kv-tIm \-K-dn¬ Pm\-In k-Z-\-Øn¬ Pm-\In (90). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b Zm-dq-´n. a-°ƒ: {]-`m-I-c≥, Zn-hm-I-c≥, th-Wp-tKm-]m-e≥ (aq-hcpw a-m-\-¥-hm-Sn), \n¿-ae, e-£v-an, kp-[m-Ic≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-¶w, t_-_n, b-ap-\, k-Pn-\.

c-Xv-\-Km-Ôn

_n-¨o-hn l-Öp-½

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: am-\m©n-d ^v-ssf Hm-h-dn-\v k-ao-]w {]-h¿-Øn-®n-cp∂ `m-c-Xv F‚¿-ss{]k-kv D-S-a a-em-∏-d-ºv CJv-d tlm-kv-]n-‰-en-\p k-ao-]w ko-\m \n-hmkn¬ ]m-S-°¬ c-Xv-\Km-‘n (Nn-∂≥-˛66). `mcy: I-√-S -a-√n-t»-cn ko\. a-°ƒ: [-t\-jv, [\y. a-cp-a-I≥: c-Rv-Pn-Xv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: im-¥Ip-am-cn, c-Xv-\-Ip-am-cn, hn-P-b-Ip-am-cn, ]-tc-Xcm-b c-Xv-\m-I-c≥, c-Xv\-Zm-kv, c-Xv-\-cm-Pv. k©-b-\w i-\n-bm-gv-N.

In-gn-t»-cn: Ip-dp-h-ºp-dØv ]-tc-X-\m-b s]-cnßm-S≥ Ip-´ym-ap- lm-Pnbp-sS `m-cy sN-d-b-°m-´v _n-®o-hn l-÷p-Ω (81). a-°ƒ: A-en ap-l-Ω-Zvlm-Pn, ko-Xn-°p-´n- lmPn (dn-bm-Zv), B-bn-i, kp-ss_-Z, k-eo-°-Øv, ]-tc-X-cm-b A-–p¬Jm-Z¿, A-–p¿-d-lvam≥Ip-´n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: C ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv, kp¬-kn-e, kp-sse-J, km-ln-d, ssk-\-_, Ip-´n-l-k≥ lm-Pn, ssl-t{Zm-kv lm-Pn.

Ip-ªm-an l-Öp-½ t]-cm-{º: t]-cm-{º a¿®‚ v-kv A-tkm-kn-tbj≥ ap≥ {]-kn-U‚pw hym-]m-c{]-ap-J-\p-am-b _m-Zp-jm A-l-Ω-Zv lmZn-bp-sS `m-cy F-S-∏m-d Ip-™m-an l-÷p-Ω (71). a-°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^ (_m-Zp-jm-kv), _m-Zp-j A-–p¬- k-emw (t]-cm{º a¿-®‚ v-kv A-tkmkn-tb-j≥ {]-knU‚ v), _-jo¿ (_m-Zpjm sa-‰¬-kv), A-iv-d^v (_m-Zp-jm G-P≥ko-kv), P-ao-e, k-^n-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip-™n-sambv-Xo≥ (ta-∏-bq¿ tÃm¿-kv), bq-k-^v (Xh-°¬ t{S-tU-gv-kv), kpsse-J, d-ko-\, _p-jv-d, j-l-\m-kv.

ap-l-½-Zv

h-b-\m-Sv Un.kn.kn. {]-kn-Uân-sâ am-Xm-hv

_o-^m-¯n-a _-Zn-b-Sp-°: ]-tc-X-\mb _m-hp-™n-bp-sS `mcy _o-^m-Øn-a (63). a°ƒ: l-k≥, C-{_mlow, B-_n-Z, km-Pn-Z, k-_o-\, A-∂-^, kuZ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ dkm-Jv, A-–p-√-°p-™n, ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-kvew.

kn a-½q-«n Fw.FÂ.Fbp-sS e-£-van Xr-Øm-e: Ip-a-c-\-√q¿ ]n-Xm-hv C-{_m-low- lm-Pn

an-\mÀ A-Ðp-Ã

-ap-l-½-ZvIp-ªn lm-Pn

X-f-¶-c: ]-≈n-°m-en-se ao-\m¿ tÃm¿ D-S-a A–p-√ (75). `m-cy: kp-l-d. a-°ƒ: Xm-Pp-±o≥, l-_o_v, \q-dp-±o≥ (aq-h-cpw hym-]m-cn-Iƒ), dm-^n, ap\o¿ (Kƒ-^v), ^-co-Z, ^ao-Z, sk-bv-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-lva-Zv, ap-\o¿, A-j-vd^v, ^u-kn-b, J-a-dp-∂nk, kp-ssl-e, k-_n-X, in-_v-en. k-tlm-Z-c߃: dp-Jn-b, ]-tc-X-cmb A-–p¬ -Jm-Z¿, am-ap, B-an-\, A-^v-k.

I-Æm-Sn-∏-d-ºv: I-Æm-Sn∏-d-ºv Zm-dp¬ l-k-\mØv C-kv-em-an-Iv tImwπ-Iv-kv ssh-kv {]-knU‚pw km-aq-ln-I {]h¿-Ø-I-\p-am-bn-cp-∂ B-dmw-]o-Sn-I-bn-se sI -Sn -ap-l-Ω-ZvIp-™n lmPn (77). \n-Sp-hm-´v a-l-√v au-en-Zv I-Ωn-‰n Aw-Khpw bm-°q-_n-b a-kv-PnZv {]-kn-U‚p-am-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: Sn ]n -^m-Øna. a-°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^, Aao≥, A-_v-Zp-√, a-Av-dq^v, ssl-Z¿, ssk-\p¬ B-bn-kp B-_n-Zv (F-√m-h-cpw JIq-Øp-]-d-ºv: No-cm-‰-bn- Ø¿), Xm-ln-d. a-cp-ase Xm-sg ho-´n¬ B-bn- I≥: A-_v-Zp¬ I-cow kp (75). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc- lm-Pn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: X-\m-b a-Ωp. a-°ƒ: Ip- A-_v-Zp¬ I-cow lm-Pn, ™-ep, \-_o-kp, ap-kv- kn-±o-Jv lm-Pn, _-jo¿, X-^, \-ko-a. k-tlm-Z-c- J-Zo-P, k-°o-\, ku-Z, ߃: A-_q-_-°¿, B- l-^v-k, ]-tc-X-cm-b dky, km-dp. jo-Zv, A-jv-d-^v.

{_-“-\-I-Øv ]-tc-X-\mb A-∏p-Æn-bp-sS `m-cy sIm-Sp-ap-≠ s]-cp-º-dt°m-´n¬ e-£v-an (67). a°ƒ: cm-[, ko-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-P≥, N-{μ-≥.

]-ø-∂q¿: Ip-™n-aw-Kew I-≠w Ip-f-ß-c-bnse ssI-{]-Øv sXs°ho-´n¬ tZ-h-In AΩ (86). ]-tc-X-\m-b F Ip-™n-°-Æ≥ \m-b-cpsS (cm-h-Wo-iz-cw) `m-cybm-Wv. a-°ƒ: c-ho-{μ≥ (J-Ø¿), cm-Pp (Zp-_bv), `m¿-K-hn, km-hn-{Xn, ]-tc-X-\m-b _m-e-N{μ≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I-cpWm-I-c≥, ssa-Yn-en, Cμn-cm-tZ-hn, dm-Wn. ktlm-Z-c-߃: \m-cm-bW≥, Im¿-Øym-b-\n. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 11\v I-≠w-Ip-f-ß-c k-ap-Zm-b iv-a-im-\Øn¬.

am-\-¥-hm-Sn: sI-√q¿ al-√v I-Ωn-‰n c-£m-[nIm-cn-bpw kn a-Ωq-´n Fw.-F¬.-F.bp-sS ]nXm-hp-am-b N-°-c C{_m-low- lm-Pn (89). sI-√q¿ a-l-√v ap≥ -{]kn-U‚m-bn-cp∂p. J-_d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v sI-√q¿ Pp-ap-A-Øv ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-cm-b a-dnbw, ^m-Øn-a l-÷p-Ω. a-°ƒ: _o-bm-Øp, \mk¿, am-\-¥-hm-Sn tªm°v ]-©m-b-Øv {]-knU‚ v kn A-_v-Zp¬ Ajv-d-^v, d-lva-Øv, A-_vZp-√, k-°o-\, k-emw (Zp-_bv), j-ao-\, k-Pv\, d-ln-kv (Zp-_bv). acp-a-°ƒ: \p-®n≥ C-{_mlow A-©mw-ssa¬, sse-e, k-°o-\, en-PnX, ]n sI D-kv-am≥ ]-Sn™m-d-Ø-d, j-_v-\ sI-√q¿, sam-bv-Xp (Pn±), A-k-Zv (Zp-_bv), Sn ]n k-eow- h-≈n-°m-´v, j-ao¿, k-^v-\.

in-h-cm-a³ \m-bÀ

hm-kp-]n-Å

sam-b-X v p

Ip-ªm-an

sam-bv-Xp-«n lm-Pn

Ip-«m-bn

]p¬-∏-≈n: G-cn-b-∏≈n hm-gv-ho-´n¬ in-h-cma≥ -\m-b¿ (74). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: ]flm-£n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: _n-Pp in-h-cm-a≥ (Bw B-Zv-an ]m¿-´n h-b-\m-Sv Pn-√m {]-kn-U‚ v), {ioP. a-cp-a-°ƒ: e-£v-an, kp-[o-]v.

]-\-a-cw: \o¿-hm-cw A™-Wn-°p-∂v I-a-em-eb-Øn¬ sI hm-kp-]n≈ (80). ]-\-a-cw ]-©mb-Øv ap≥ ssh-kv {]kn-U‚ v \o¿-hm-cw K-h. ssl-kv-°qƒ B-Zy-Ime A-[ym-]-I≥ F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿-Øn®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: Pm-\-Inb-Ω. a-°ƒ: in-h-{]-kmZv, c-Lp-\m-Y≥, dm-Wn, cm-Pn, c-Pn-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-P≥, cm-P-ti-J-c≥, Pb-μ≥, `p-h-t\-iz-cn, kn‘p.

t_m-hn-°m\w: dn-´. Btcm-Ky-hI - p-∏v Po-h\ - ° - mc≥ _m-e\ - S- p°-sØ sam-bvX - p (62). ]n-Xmhv: ]tc-X\m-b A-_vZ- p¿-dl - vam≥. am-Xmhv: _o-^mØn-a. `m-cy-am¿: k-^n-b, _o-^mØ-a. a°ƒ: jmln≥ (Kƒ-^v), jw-ko-\, d-^oJv. a-cp-a°ƒ: I-cow (Kƒ-^v), jm-°n-d, k^oe. k-tlm-Zc - ߃: A-_vZ- p¬ JmZ¿, \-^ok, ssk\-_, B-bn-i, B-an-\, km-d.

X-et- »-cn-: tKm-]m-et- ∏´ dn-Iva - m-kn¬- ]-≈° - ≥Ip-™m-an (70). `¿-Ømhv:- ]-tc-X\ - m-b ]n- hn- Al-ΩZ- v.- a-°ƒ-: ap-\o¿-,j-lo¿- (C-cp-hc - pw- Zp_bv).- - a-cp-a° - ƒ-: F≥hn- jm-°n-d,- dn-kve - n- (apt≠m-°v).- k-tlm-Zc - ߃-: lm-jnw-,- dw-e.- J_-dS- ° - w- C-∂v D®-bv° - v H-∂n-\v- ssk-Zm¿-]≈ - nJ-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

ssk-X-e-hn

Np-¶-Ø-d: ]n-em-tØmS≥ ap-l-Ω-Zm-en (87). `mcy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: l-aoZ-en (A-_q-Z-_n), A-kv°-d-en, d-jo-Z-en, _jo¿ A-l-Ω-Zv, k-eow (\m-ep-t]-cpw J-Ø¿), A-kvew, k-eo-a, k-°o\, kp-l-d, i-co-^. a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, D-ss_-Zv, a-l-aq-Zv, bq-kp-^v, km-PnZ, ssd-lm-\-Øv (JØ¿), j-ao-\, k-do-\, k-^q-d, j-ao-e.

I-Sp-ßm-Øp-Ip-≠v: ]u-c-{]-ap-J≥ Ip-dp-ºØq-¿ sN-ß-W-°m´n¬ sam-bv-Xp-´n lm-Pn (90). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b a-dnb-°p-´n l-÷p-Ω. a°ƒ: ap-lnbp-±o≥-Ip-´n (Zp-_-bv), ap-l-Ω-Zv, A–p¬ -d-jo-Zv (Zp-_-bv), ap-l-Ω-Zv jm-^n, ^mØn-a, ssk-\-_, ssaaq-\, B-bn-i, J-Zo-P. acp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv- _m∏p-\p, ssk-\p-±o≥, apl-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-_p, J-Zo-P, kp-sseJ, jm-ln-\, kp-sseJ. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: JZo-P, ^m-Øn-a, ]-tc-Xcm-b ap-l-Ω-Zv-lm-Pn, ssl-{Z- p-´n.

cm-a-\m-´p-I-c: ^m-dq-JvtIm-f-Pv sIm-S-°-√v-]-dºv B-t¥-c≥ tXm-t´mfn Ip-´m-bn (76). sI.sI-.F≥-.Sn-.kn a-fiew sN-b¿-am≥, sI.F≥-.Sn-.bp-.kn Pn-√mI-Ωn-‰n Aw-Kw F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿-Øn®n-cp-∂p. `m-cy: Nn-∂-Ωp. a-°ƒ: t{]-a-cm-P≥, i-in, kp{_-lva-Wy≥, tKm-]n sIm-S-°-√p-]-d-ºv (cm-a\m-´p-I-c ]-©m-b-Øv ÿn-cw k-an-Xn A-[y£≥), tdm-bv. a-cp-a°ƒ: am-[-hn, Ko-X, kPn-X, {]-an-X.

]m-¯p-«n

Ip-‰ym-Sn: A-º-e-°p-fß-c-bn-se hym-]m-cnbm-bn-cp-∂ In-g-s°-]-dº-Øv i-in (52). `m-cy: K-o-X. a-°ƒ: j-Jn¬ (_n-kn\-kv, _mw-•q¿), jn-Pne ({Ko≥ B¿-Iv Unssk≥ sk‚¿, hneym-∏-≈n).

tZ-h-In A-½

Xp-Δq¿: ]-≈n-∏d - º - v Ppam-ak - vP - n-Zn-\p k-ao-]sØ Iq-Øp-]d - º - ≥ ssk-Xe - h - n (60). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°��: A_vZp¬ A-ko-kv, i-d^ - p±o≥, D-Ωp-Ip¬-kp, ^mØn-am kp-lvd - , D-Ωp-l_o-_, k-Pv\ - , ap-lΩ - Z- v i-^o-Jv. a-cp-a° - ƒ: P-kv\, A-_vZp¿-dl - vam≥, Zmk¿, bq-\p-kv, l-k≥, DΩp¬-ssJ¿.

ap-l-½-Zm-en

b-tim-Z ]-ø-∂q¿: Xm-bn-t\-cn-bnse ]m-Sm-t®-\n b-tim-Z (64). `¿-Øm-hv: A-\¥≥ Im-c-W-h¿. a-°ƒ: {io-P, {io-e-X, {io-\nhm-k≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Xºm≥, _m-_p Ip-t∏-cn, c-ln-\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: cm-a-N-{μ≥, P-\m¿-±-\≥, Zm-tam-Z-c≥, cm-Po-h≥, ]-fln-\n, iym-a-f, ]-tc-X\m-b th-Wp-tKm-]me≥.

tI-fp C-cn-´n: Io-gq¿ sX-cp-hnse sIm-tΩ-cn tI-fp (80). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b am-[-hn. a-°ƒ: kp-tem-N-\, ktcm-Pn-\n, tim-`. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]p-jv-]≥, a-[p.

B-a-Zv hm-Wn-ta¬: ]-c∏ - p-]m-d tN-c\ - m-≠n-bn-se I-cnbm-´v B-aZ- v (50). `m-cy: a-tSmw-s]m-bn¬ ap\o-d.- a-°ƒ: a-pl - vkn-\, a-lvkq-\ (]n.Pn. hnZym¿-Yn-\n, ^m-dq-Jv tImf-Pv), s^-_n-\, ^-lZ- v. a-cp-aI - ≥: A-–p- Øm¿ (_-lvd - b - v≥). ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: I-cn-bm-´v sam-bvX - p-lm-Pn, kq-∏n (Ip-ssh-Øv), _-jo¿, km-ZØ - v(C-cp-hc - pw JØ¿), ]m-Øp, k-^n-b, dm-_n-b.

a-dn-bp-½ a-t©-cn: ]-ø-\m-Sv sN-dpIp-fw ]-tc-X-\m-b A-en lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy I-Sp-]men a-dn-bp-Ω (85).

I¬-∏-I-t©-cn: ]-d-h∂q¿ sh-Ãn-se ]-tc-X\m-b I-c-Wn-°-Øv Ip™-e-hn-bp-sS a-Iƒ ]m-Øp-´n (95). `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™e-hn. a-°-fn-√. k-tlmZ-c-߃: Ip-™-l-ΩZv, Ip-´p, lw-k.-

a-½p Xm-a-c-t»-cn: Cu¿-t]mW I-√p-≠-bn¬ a-Ωp (54). `m-cy: k-do-\. a°ƒ: i-_v-\, iw-jo-Zv.

i-in

I-eym-Wn-¡p-«n-b-½

I-a-em-£n-b-½

\o-e-I-WvT³

A-_q-_¡ - À ap-Ã

tl-a-´-I v p-amÀ

ap-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n-

A-½-Zv

am-e-Xn A-½

A-ßm-Sn-∏p-dw: G-dmt¥m-Sv sN-dq-cv ]m-≠n-bm´n¬ I-eym-Wn-b-Ω (93). a-°ƒ: tKm-]n-\m-Y≥, k-tcm-Pn-\n, cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥, hn-iz-\m-Y≥, c-hn, hn-P-b-tKm-]m-e≥, ]-tcX-\m-b Xm-∏p-Æn. a-cp-a°ƒ: hm-kp-tZ-h≥, t{]a-Ip-am-cn, tIm-In-e, en√n, D-j, Kn-cn-P, \-μn-\n.

Xn-cq¿: s]m-t‰-Øv ]-tcX-\m-b \m-cm-b-W≥ \mb-cp-sS `m-cy A-∂m-c-bnse ]-Sn-™m-sd X-øn¬ I-a-em-£n-b-Ω (81). a°ƒ: _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, hn-P-b≥, cm-P-e-£v-an, k-Xn, ]-tc-X-\m-b D-ÆnIr-jv-W≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tZ-hn, Ko-X, _m-e-Ir-jvW≥, Sn sI l-cn-Zm-kv.

A-ßm-Sn-∏p-dw: sshtem-ß-c \n-c-∏n¬ \o-eI-W-vT≥ (68). `m-cy: tIm-X-Ω. a-°ƒ: kp{_-lva-Wy≥, k-c-kzXn, kp-[m-I-c≥, D-j, {io-P, {io-\n-hm-k≥. acp-a-°ƒ: A-Pn-X, ssNX-\y, Nm-Ø≥-Ip-´n, Irjv-W≥.

I-cp-h≥-Xn-cp-Øn: a-SØn¬-∏m-Sw ap-≠n-b≥-Imhn¬ A-_q-_° - ¿ ap-√ (75). `m-cy: _n-®o-hn. a°ƒ: an-dm≥ A-en, ap-lΩ - Zv A-id v- ^ - v, A-–p¬ P - eo¬, ^m-Øn-aØ - v kp-ld, ^m-Øn-aØ - v d-Pve - , D-Ωp l-_o-_, J-Zo-P, Pp-ssa-e, Pp-ssh-cn-b. a-cp-a° - ƒ: apl-ΩZ- v, kp-ss_-Z, k-do-P.

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: td-Un-tbm \m-SI - B¿-Sn-Ãv am-¶m-hv Ip-∂Ø - v ho-´n¬ tl-a¥ - vIp-am¿ (53). `m-cy: {io-P tase-IW - n-bm-Øv (Ip-μa - w-Kew). a-I≥: B-I¿-jv (B-gvN-h´- w K-h. kvI - qƒ hnZym¿-Yn). ]nXmhv: ]-tc-X\m-b hn cm-aN - {- μ-ta-t\m≥. amXmhv: ]-tcm-Xb - m-b Ieym-Wn-°p-´n A-Ω.

a-e-∏p-dw-:- kn-hn¬ -kv-t‰j-≥ sN-Ω-¶-S-hv- B-ao-≥ Ip-cn-°ƒ- ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n(67)-.- -`m-cy-:- J-Zo-P.- a°ƒ-:- \-Pv-ap-∂o-k,- Pmkv-an-≥,- ap-l-Ω-Zv- B-kmZv- Jm-≥,- ap-l-Ω-Zv- ^¿lm-≥.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:- Ip™m-en- H-Xp-°p-߬,A-_q-_-°¿- Du-c-Iw,km-°n-d.-

]m-d-°-S-hv: sN-°ym-Snse X-øp-≈-Xn¬ A-Ω-Zv (65). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a°ƒ: _-jo¿ (Zp-_-bv), k-eow, ap-kv-X-^, A-–p√ (J-Ø¿), k-^n-b, kao-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p-√ sN-°ym-Sv, l-ao-Zv ]-c-∏p]m-d. k-tlm-Z-cn: B-bni l-÷p-Ω X-øp-≈Xn¬.-

h-fm-t©-cn: sXm-gp-hm\q¿ h-´-∏m-d s]m-∂-Øv ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ Ip-´n-°rjv-W≥ -\m-b-cp-sS `m-cy A-cm-bn-°¬ tIm-´o-cn am-e-Xn A-Ω (68). a°ƒ: A-\n¬-Ip-am¿, Pnjn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jo-e, {]tam-Zv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, h¬k-e, i-in-[-c≥.

A-º-e-h-b¬: Hm-t´m-dn-£-Iƒ Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v \-gv-kdn hn-Zym¿-Yn a-cn-®p. ]m-Xn-cn-°-h-e Im-cq¿ Ir-jv-Ws‚ a-I≥ bm-Z-hv (\m-e-c) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v 3.45\v Ip-º-tf-cn-bn-em-Wv A-]-I-S-w. bm-Z-hv A-S-°-ap-≈ hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-sf I-b-‰nt∏mhp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Hm-t´m-dn-£ a-s‰m-cp Hm-t´m-dn-£-bpam-bnen-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ss{U-h¿ kv-an-Øn (25)\v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. C-bm-sf tIm-gnt°m-s´ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. bm-Z-hn-s\ I¬-∏-‰-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in∏n-®v {]m-Y-an-I Nn-In-¬kbv-°p ti-jw tIm-gn-t°mt´-°p sIm-≠pt]m-hp-tºm-gm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Ip-º-tf-cn am¿-t_-kn¬ kv-Iqƒ hn-Zym¿-Yn-bmbn-cp-∂p bm-Z-hv. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ a-‰v Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw \n m-c ]-cn-t°-‰p.

A-_q-Z-_n-bn a-cn-¨ bphm-hnsâ a¿n¯v C-¶p \m-«n-se-¯pw

am-´q¬: A-_qZ-_n- en-h-bn¬ hn-√-bv°v Xo-∏n-Sn-®v acn-® am-´q¬ kz-tZ-in-bp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw C-∂p \m-´nse-Øn-®v J-_-d-S-°pw. en-h B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se Po-h\-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂ am-´q¬ ku-Øv A-®n A-l-Ω-Zv-˛ J-Zo-P Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ ap-°-e-I-Øv Pm-_n¿ (26) B-Wv I-gn-™ 11\p a-cn-®-Xv. tPm-en I-gn-s™Øn D-d-ßp-∂-Xn-\n-sS- A-Sp-°-f-bn¬ \n-∂v ]m-N-Ihm-X-Iw tNm¿-∂v Xo-∏n-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. aq-∂ph¿-j-am-bn ^m-Ãv- sd‚ v F Im¿ F-∂ ÿm-]-\-Øn-s‚ Io-gn-em-Wv Pm-_n¿ en-h B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ tPm-en sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. C-∂p cm-hn-se Bdn-\v \m-´n-se-Øn-°p-∂ ar-X-tZ-lw am-´q¬ ku-Øv ap-lnbp-±o≥ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ J-_-dS-°pw.

ho-«p-ap-ä-¯v a-cn-¨\n-e-bnÂ

s]-cn-tßmw: X\n-®p-Xm-akn-®n-cp-∂-bmsf ho-´p-ap‰-Øv a-cn-®\n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn. s]-cn-tßmw sNe-In-se aw-K-e-Øv am-[h≥]n-≈(66)bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. H-cm-gv-N-tbm-fw ]-g-°ap-≈ ar-X-tZ-lØn¬ ]pgp-h-cn-®n-cp-∂p. Zp-¿-K‘w h-an-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v \m-´p-Im¿ ]cntim-[n-®-t∏m-gmWv ar-X-tZ-lw Is≠-Øn-b-Xv. s]-cn-tßmw F-kv.sF. ]n _n k-Po-hv, Fw hn \mcm-b-W≥ F-∂n-h-cp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-¬ t]m-en-kv ÿ-e-sØ-Øn. C-∂p cm-hn-se t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-jw kw-kv-I-cn-°pw. lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xwaq-ew a-cn-®Xm-hm-sa-∂m-Wv t]m-en-kn-s‚ {]m-Y-an-I \n-K-a-\w.

]-{XtaPâv Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

s]-cn-tßmw: D-a¿-s∏m-bnen-se ap-≠-°p-≠n¬ cmL-h≥ (55) Ip-g-™p-hoWp a-cn-®p. C-∂-se cm-hnse aq-t∂m-sS ]-{X-hn-X-cW-Øn-\m-bn F-gp-t∂-‰ DS-s\ Ip-g-™p-ho-W Ct±lsØ sN-dp-]p-g k-l-Ic-W B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ FØn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m\m-bn-√. Zo-]n-I, am-Xr-`q-an ]-{X-ß-fp-sS G-P‚m-bncp-∂p. a-e-_m¿ Xn-ø a-lm-k-` h-b-°-c bq-\n-‰v sk-{I-´-dnbm-Wv. `m-cy: cm-P-am-Wn. a-°ƒ: \o-Xp, \o-\. a-cp-aI≥: kp-tc-jv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tIm-c≥, A-ºp, e£v-an, ]-tc-X-\m-b I-Æ≥.

Aan-X c-à-{km-hw; KÀ-`n-Wn a-cn-¨p D-cp-h-®m¬: F-´p-am-kw K¿-`n-Wn-bm-b bp-h-Xn A-an-

Xc-‡-{km-h-sØ Xp-S¿-∂v a-cn-®p. Xn-√-t¶-cn B-em®n a-®q¿ a-e-bn-se hm-g-bn¬ lu-kn¬ \m-S-I I-emI-cm-\m-b kn F-®v A-Po-jn-s‚ `m-cy am-hn-tem-Sv ic-Wy(23)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. F-´p-am-kw K¿-`n-Wn-bm-b i-c-Wy-sb c-‡-k-a¿-±sØ Xp-S¿-∂v hym-gm-gv-N cm{Xn t]-cm-h¿ K-h. B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®n-cp∂p. C-hn-sS \n-∂v X-e-t»-cn K-h. B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te°p sIm-≠p-t]m-h-p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. t]-cm-hq-¿ ]p-Xp-t»-cn ]p-g-°¬ i-in-˛-tim-` Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-I-fm-Wv. a-Iƒ: ss\-\n-I. k-tlm-Z-cn: jw-\. ar-X-tZ-lw am-®q¿ a-e-bn-¬ ho-´n-se-Øn-® ti-jw t]-cm-h-q-cn-se ]p-Xp-t»-cn-bn-se ho-´p-h-f∏n¬ kw-kv-I-cn-®p.

]mN-I-hm-XIw tNmÀ-¶v s]m-Å-te-ä bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´: ]mN-I-hm-XI kn-en-≠¿ kq-£n-®ncp-∂ apdnbn-¬ \n-∂v Kym-kv tNm¿-∂p≠mb Xo-∏n-SnØ-Xn¬ s]m-≈-te-‰ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´ I-Sp-hm-aq-gn hm-°m-]-d-ºv ]m-e-bw ]-d-ºn-¬ _-jodn-s‚ a-I≥ ap-Po-_v (35) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. hym-gm-gv-N cm-{Xn 8.45\v C-¥y≥ Kym-kn-s‚ k-_v G-P-‚m-b apPo-_n-s‚ D-S-a-ÿ-X-bn-ep-≈ h-S-t°-°-c-bn-se sI´n-S-Øn-s‚ c-≠mw\n-e-bn¬ kq-£n-®n-cp-∂ apdn-bnemWv kw`-hw. sse-‰v sX-fn-°m≥ kzn-®v C-´-t∏mƒ Xo- ]-S¿-∂p]n-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. apdn-bn¬ kq-£n® Kymkv kn-en-≠-dn¬ \n-∂v tNm¿-®-bp-≠mbXns\ XpS¿∂v Xo-∏nSn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tZ-h-am-k-I-ew s]m-≈-te-‰ ap-Po-_n-s\ tIm-´b-sØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11Hm-sS a-c-W-s∏-´p. `m-cy: kn-Pn\. a-Iƒ: ^m-Øn-a.

hr-²Z-¼-Xn-I-Ä a-cn-¨\n-e-bnÂ

sam-bv-Xp- lm-Pn

D-®o³

Ip-ªn-¡-Zn-bp-½ -

im-´-Ip-am-cn

A-Nyp-X³

sh-Å-bn

sIm-e-h³

hm-Wn-ta¬: No-°-∏p-dØv sam-bv-Xp -lm-Pn (68). `m-cy: ]m-Øp. a-°-fn-√. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-{¥plm-Pn, kq-∏n, Ip-™n-∏mØp, _n-øm-Øp, B-bn-i, ]-tc-X-cm-b A-Ω-Zv lmPn, A- p.

I-tc-°m-Sv: tN-\m-S≥ Ipf-ºv B-b-∏-≈n h-f-º-e™n-bn¬ D-Æo≥ (65). `m-cy: _o-]m-Øp. a-°ƒ: C-{_m-low, sam-bv-Xo≥Ip-´n, dw-e-Øv. a-cp-a°ƒ: in-lm-_p-±o≥, iao-d, ap-\o-d.

aq-∂n-bq¿: ]m-d° - S- h - v sNdp-aS- Ø - n¬ a-Xm-cn tN-°phn-s‚ `m-cy tXm-´p-߃ Ip-™n-°Z- n-bp-Ω (80). a°ƒ ap-lΩ - Z- m-en, A-hdm≥, Ip-™n-tam≥, A-kokv, ]m-Øp-Ωp, kp-ss_-Z. a-cp-aI - ≥: I-Ωp-°p-´n.

ap-°w: a-Wm-t»-cn a-ebn¬ k-Zm-\-μ≥ \m-b-cpsS `m-cy im-¥-Ip-am-cn (71). a-°ƒ: a-t\m-Pv , t_-_n, an-\n, ]-tc-X-bmb kn-‘p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: inh≥ F-tSm-\n, P-kn-e-X, {io-\.-

Xn-cp-hß - q¿: ]-Sn-™m-sd I-Æt- ©-cn A-Nyp-X≥ (75). `m-cy: Ip-´n-am-fp. a°ƒ: P-bc - m-P≥, ]-tc-X\m-b a-t\m-Pv, hn-t\m-Z≥, an-\n. a-cp-a° - ƒ: Zo-], kXo-jI v- p-am¿.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: tN-a-t©n s]-cn-¶-bn-Ip-\n sh-≈-bn (85). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\mb A-cn-b≥. a-°ƒ: Kw-Km[-c≥, tZ-hn, cm-[, N-{μn-I, eo-e, t{]-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _m-e≥, \m-c-m-b-W≥, tZhn, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-am-c≥.

Ip-dp-h: h-‰-eq¿ ssI-]pd-Øv sIm-e-h≥ (67). `mcy: k-tcm-Pn-\n. a-°ƒ: kp-{_-lva-Wy≥, D-ÆnIr-jv-W≥, kp-tem-N-\, kn-‘p. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kpIp-am-c≥, _m-_p, jo_, P-b-¥n.

]n-Xm-hn-s\ sIm-e-s¸-Sp-¯n-b tI-knÂ- A-d-ÌnÂ]q-™m¿-: a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ ]nXm-hn-s\ a¿-±n-®p sIm-e-s∏-SpØn-b tI-kn¬- a-I-s\ ]m-emUn-ssh.F-kv.- ]n-bp-sS t\-Xr-XzØn-ep-≈ t]m-en-kv- A-dà - v- sNbvX - p.- ssI-∏≈ - n- C-Sa - e - \m-´p-It√¬- tPm-Wn-s\(70)- sIm-es - ∏Sp-Øn-b tI-kn-¬ a-I≥- jm-Pn(35)bmWv Ad-Ãn-em-bX - v.kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v- t]m-enkv- ]-d-bp-∂-Xn-ß-s\: ta-kv-Xncn-∏-Wn-°m-c-\m-b jm-Pn- ÿncw- a-Zy-]m-\n-bm-Wv. I-gn-™ 26\v cm-{Xn- H-º-Xn-\v- a-Zy-]ns®Ønb ssjPn k-ao-]-sØ ho-´n¬- A-Xn-{I-an-®p I-b-dn-.- CXv- tNm-ZywsN-bvX - ]nXmhpw jmPn-bpw- X-Ωn¬- hm-t°-‰-ap-≠mhp-I-bpw- tPm¨- jm-Pn-bp-sS k¿-´n-^n-°‰ - p-If - pw- s_-Õpw- ho´p-ap-‰-Øn-´vI-Øn-°pIbpw

jm-Pn sNbvXp.- C-XpI-≠ {]-Xn- hSnsIm-≠v- tPm-Wn-s\ a¿-±n-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- a¿-±-\-Øn¬-hm-cnsb-√p-Iƒ- s]m-´n Kpcp-X-cm-hÿ-bn-emb tPmWns\- _-‘p°ƒ- ]m-em- Xm-eq-°m-ip-]-{Xnbn-epw- ]m-em-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-

ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw- {]-th-in-∏n-®p.B-ip-]-{Xn- A-[n-Ir-X-tcm-Sv- hoW-Xm-sW-∂mWv _-‘p-°ƒ]d-™n-cp∂Xv.- XpS¿∂v tIm-´bw- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pn¬- {]th-in-∏n-®-t∏mƒ- tUm-Iv-S¿-am¿°p-≠m-b kw-i-b-am-Wv- {]-Xnsb ]n-Sn-Iq-Sm≥- k-lm-bIambXv.- Nn-In-¬-k-bn¬- I-gn-b-sh tPm-Wn-\v- \yq-tam-Wnb- _m-[n®p. F-∂m¬- \yq-tam-Wn-b _m[n-®-√ a-cn-Wsa∂pw- a¿-±-\Øn¬- G-‰ ]-cn-°p-aq-e-amsW∂pw- A-t\z-jW - Ø - n¬- hy‡-am-bn.]m-em- Un-ssh.-F-kv-.]n- _nPp- sI kv‰ - o-^\ - pw- Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´ kn-.sF A-tim-Iv- Un- Ip-am¿,- Fkv-.sF Ip-cy≥- am-Xyp- F-∂nhcmWv- jm-Pn-sb A-d-Ãv sNbvXXv.

]-co-£-bv-¡v t]m-hp-¶-Xn-\n-sS Ip-g-ªp-ho-W hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n a-cn-¨p l-cn-∏m-Sv: F-kv.-F-kv.-F¬.kn. ]-co-£-bv-°v t]m-hp-∂-Xn\n-sS Ip-g-™p-ho-W hn-Zym¿Yn-\n a-cn-®p. B-bm-]-d-ºv K-h.l-b¿ -sk-°≥U-dn kv-Iq-fnse 10mw -¢m-kv hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bmb sN-dp-X-\ B-\m-cn \-μ-\Øn¬ {io-Ip-am-dn-s‚ a-Iƒ Bcy({io-°p-´n˛15)bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se ]p-e¿s® \m-e-ctbm-sS h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bnem-Wv ac-Ww. sNm-Δm-gv-N D-®-bv-°v ]-co£bv-°v t]m-hm≥ ho-´n¬ \n∂n-d-ß-sh Ip-g-™pho-W hnZym¿Yn\nsb l-cn-∏m-Sv Xmeq-°m-ip-]-{Xn-bnepw ti-jw h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pnepw {]th-in-∏n-®Xm-bn-cp∂p.- -

X-e-bn-se R-c-ºp-Iƒ Zp¿-_e-am-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ Nn-In¬k-bn-en-cn-s° ikv{X-{Inb \S-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. C-Xn-\p ti-jam-Wv a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®-Xv. kw-kv-Im-cw ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-Øn. am-Xm-hv: P-b-{io.- G-I k-tlm-Z-c≥: B-Zn-Xy≥.

Ip-d-hn-e-ßm-Sv: ho-Sn-\p k-ao-]-sØ Be-bn¬ hr≤ -Z-º-Xn-I-sf a-cn-®\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. --- C-e-bv°m-Sv c-≠m-\n-bn¬ hm-kp (70), `m-cy k-tcm-Pn-\n th-em-bp-[³ Ip-dp-¸v (65) F-∂n-h-cmWv acn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se A-©Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: A-tØm-fn c-tbm-sS-bm-Wv arX-tZ-l-߃ I≠-Xv. B-kn-Uv DsIm-ß-∂q¿ tIm-gn-]-d-º≈n¬s®∂m-Wv a-c-W-sa-∂m-Wv \n-K-a-\w. hm-kpØv th-em-bp-[≥ Ip-dp-∏v (73). `m-cy-am¿: k-tcm-Pn-\n, hpw `m-cy k-tcm-Pn-\n-bpw a-I≥ k-t¥m-jn-\pw Ipao-\m-£n. a-°ƒ: tam-l≥- Spw-_-tØm-Sp-sam-∏-am-bncp∂p Xm-a-kw. k-t¥mZm-kv, ]p-jv-]m-h-Xn, kn-≤m¿- jn-s‚ `m-cy cm-hn-se D-W¿-∂-t∏mƒ A-Sp-°-f-hmXn¬ Xp-d-∂p-In-S-°p-∂-Xv I-≠v ]cn-tim-[n-®-t∏mY≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-[m-Ic≥, {]-Po-jvIp-am¿, kv-an-X. gmWv Ccp-h-scbpw acn-®-\n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn-bXv.

bp-hm-¡Ä B-än ap-§na-cn-¨p Im-´m-°-S: I-c-a-\-bm-‰n¬ Ip-fn°m-\n-d-ßn-b A-©w-K kw-LØn-se _-‘p-°-fm-b c-≠v bphm-°ƒ ap-ßna-cn-®p. B-\-b-d tXm-∏n¬ {io \-μ-\-Øn¬ A\p-cm-Pv (26), B-\-b-d ]p-©n-cn ho-´n¬ k-t¥m-jv-˛-P-b-{io Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ hn-jv-Wp (22) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v c-t≠m-sS B-cy-\m-Sv B-\-tμ-iz-cw \n-c-∏n≥-Im-e IS-hn-em-Wv A-]-I-Sw. I-h-Sn-bm¿ sl¿-°p-en-kv acp-Xn tjm-dq-an-se Po-h-\-°m-cmb A-\p-cm-Pv, hn-jv-Wp, a-t\m-Pv (31), _n-\p (26), ssl-k¨ (33) F-∂n-hcmWv C-∂-se 12Hm-sSB-cy-\m-s´-Øn-b-Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v I-S-hn¬ Ip-fn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS hnjv-Wphns\ k-ao-]-sØ I-bØne-I-s∏-´p ImWm-Xm-bn. c-

A-\p-cm-Pv £n-°m-\nd-ßnb A\p-cm-Pns\bpw Im-Wm-Xmb-tXmsS kplr-Øp-°ƒ \n-e-hn-fn-®p. DS≥ k-ao-]hmkn-Iƒ F-Øn Xnc-®n¬ \-S-Øn-sb-¶n-epw c-£n°m-\m-bn-√. s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv ^b¿tÃ-j-\n-se Po-h-\-°m-cpw \m-´p-Im-cpw t]m-en-kpw tN¿-∂v

hn-jv-Wp \-S-Øn-b Xn-c-®n-en¬ 3.30Hm-sS ar-X-tZ-l-߃ I-s≠-Sp-°pIbm-bn-cp∂p. s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv Pn-√m B-ip-]{Xn bnse-Øn® ar-X-tZ-l-߃ C-∂v t]m-kv-‰vtam-¿-´-Øn-\v tijw _-‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp°pw.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

15 am¿®v 2014 i\n

Kym-kv kn-en-−À tNmÀ-¶v s]m-Å-te-ä bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p tUm.Jmen-Zv au-em-\m s\-Spw-Ip-∂w: C-kv-em-an-

I ]-fin-X≥ sX-≈nbn¬ ho-´n¬ tUm. Jmen-Zv au-em-\m (67). J-_d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 10.30\v s\-Spw-Ip-∂w Ppam a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬. ]-tc-X≥ bq-\m-\n tUm-Œ-dm-bn {]m-Œo-kv sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: P-ao-e_o-hn. a-°ƒ: l-_o-_v d-lv-am≥, AUz. A-Øo-Jv d-lv-am≥, ap-_m-d-Iv d-lv-am≥, ap-jvØm-Jv d-lv-am≥, h-ln-Zm sd-bv-lm≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv lm-cn-kv (Nm-aw-]Xm¬), k-_o-\, dn-^m-\, _o-am, j-_m-\m. N-ß-\m-t»-cn, s\-Spw-Ip∂w, ap-≠-°-bw, Ip-a-fn, aq-∂m¿, s]m-≥-Ip-∂w, Nn-‰m¿, ]-¥-fw Xp-S-ßnb ÿ-e-ß-fn¬ J-Øo_m-bn tk-h-\w A-\p„n-®n-´p-≠v. P-am-A-Øv Iu¨-kn¬ kw-ÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰n Aw-Kw, s\-Spw-Ip∂w P-am-A-Øv {]-knU‚ v F-∂o \n-e-I-fnepw tk-h-\-a-\p-„n-®n-´p≠v.

acbv-¡mÀ tIm-X-aw-Kew: s\√p°p-gn Ipw-_-I-∏n-≈n a-cbv-°m¿ (85). a°ƒ: kplvv-d, J-Zo-P, an-kdn, _jo¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: sk-bvZp-ap-l-Ω-Zv, _m-h, B-an\. J-_-dS-°w C-∂v cmhn-se 10\v X-´p-]d-ºv Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n-¬ \-S-°pw.

Im-knw dm-hp-¯À

tPm-k-^v Bâ-Wn

tIm-´m-߬: A-ºm-´v Ip-t∂¬ Im-knw dm-hpØ¿(76). `m-cy: \-_o-k. a-°ƒ: _-jo¿, A-–p¬ P-∫m¿ (πm-k Dw-d k¿ho-kv), C-eym-kv, bq-\pkv, ssj-e-P, jm-ln-Z. acp-a-°ƒ: \u-jm-Zv, knbm-Zv au-e-hn, kp-ss_-Z, k-Po-\, j-co-^, sj-an.

]-ºm-hm-en: aq-e-°-bw th-´¿-ap-dn-bn¬ tPm-k^v B‚-Wn (tPm-kv ˛ 57). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 3\v Xp-em-∏-≈n am¿-tØm-am…o-lm ]-≈n- ska-n-tØcnbn¬. `m-cy: a-dn-bm-Ω. a-°ƒ: Pn-tPm (H-am≥), tPm-Pn, ]-tc-X-bm-b tPm_n. a-cp-a-Iƒ: Zo-]v-Xn.

Xn-cp-¼³

kp-Ip-am-c³ \m-bÀ

cm-h-tW-iz-cw: B-ZyIm-e tIm¨-{K- v {]h¿-Ø-I≥ sh-≈-¥-´tIm-f-\n-bn-se Xn-cpº≥ (75). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b Im-cn-®n. a-°ƒ: I-eym-Wn, Ir-jv-W≥. acp-a-°ƒ: cm-a≥, X-¶-aWn.

Im-™-ßm-Sv: G-gmwssa-en-se Fw kp-Ip-amc≥ \m-b¿ ]m-Sn-b-c (85). `m-cy-: _m-em-a-WnA-Ω. a-°ƒ: -]n cm-Lh≥ \m-b¿, ]n ]-fl-\m`≥ \m-b¿ (B-[m-cw Fgp-Øv, cm-P-]p-cw), ]-fln\n.

kuZn-bn a-cn-¨p ]m-≠-\m-Sv: Xr-iq¿ Hm-´p-

]m-d A-ar-X \-K¿ ]p-Ipt∂¬ sP-bnw-kv ]n amXyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy A-∂-Ω A-e-Iv-km-≠¿ (P-b-˛35) ku-Zn-bn¬ \yp-tam-Wnb _m-[n-®v a-cn-®p. t\-gvkm-bn-cp-∂p. a-I≥: ª ≥.

ap-l-½-Zv ap-t≈-cn-b: In-∂nw-Kmdn-se tIm-Sn-aq-e sI F®v ap-l-Ω-Zv (63). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d^v, _-jo¿, dp-Jn-b, \ko-a, ssa-aq-\, km-d, \ko-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-eow, C-kv-am-Cu¬, A-jv-d-^v , e-Øo-^v, \m-kn¿.-

^n-en-¸v hÀ-Ko-kv

iym-a-f

a-dn-bm-½

cm-a-Ir-jv-W-]n-Å

Xn-cp-h-√: Im-c-°¬ Im™n-°m-hn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw ]-tc-X-\m-b sI sF ^n-en-∏n-s‚ a-I≥ A-gn-bn-S-Øv Nn-d sXt°-S-Øv t{K-kv hn-√bn¬ ^n-en-∏v h¿-Ko-kv (X-¶-®≥-˛68). kw-kv-Imcw ]n-∂o-Sv. `m-cy: Im-c°¬ B-Zn-®≥ ]-d-ºn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw ta-cn. a°ƒ: B-\n an-\n tXm-akv Ip-cy≥(]p-fn-°o-gv ap≥ tªm-°v ]-©m-bØv ÿn-cw k-an-Xn A[y-£, en-\n(Im-\-U). acp-a-°ƒ: Im-c-°¬ a-Wen¬ tPm-bn-°p-´n(k-eme), ]p-Xp-∏-≈n ]p-fn-°]-d-ºn¬ tPm-tam≥(Im\-U).

B-e-∏p-g: Im-´q¿ k¿thm-Z-b-]p-cw ]p-tØ-gØv (N-°p-¶¬) kn Un tI-c-f-cm-P-s≥-d (Hm-a-\°p-´≥) `m-cy ]n hn iyma-f (47). a-Iƒ: kn sI B-cy-tZ-hn. k-©-b-\w 20\v ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v.

]p∂-then: s]-cp-º≈n-°m-´v ]-tc-X\m-b ]n hn Ip-cy-s‚ `m-cy adn-bm-Ω(87). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf sshIo-´v aq-∂n\v sk-‚ v Pbnw-kv kn.-F-kv.sF. sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]tcX A-ºm-´v h-´-®m-°¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. a°ƒ: tUm. h¿-Ko-kv Ip-cy≥ (\yq-kn-e≥Uv), tPm¿-Pv Ip-cy≥, ]-tcXbmb tamfn. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]n kn Nmt°m, am¿-Kc-‰v A-em¿kv (Hm-kv-t{Xenb), ao\p (kn.-Fw.F-kv.F®v.F-kv, ]p-∂-th-en).

sN-ß-∂q¿: A-ßm-Sn-bv°¬ th-ßq¿ ho-´n¬ _n F≥ -cm-a-Ir-jv-W-]n≈ (77). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 11.-30\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: N-{μ-a-Xnb-Ω, a-°ƒ: _n-μp, {ioI-e, am-bm-e-£v-an. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, E-intI-iv, _n-Pp.

Ip-«-¸³ tN¿-Ø-e: \-K-c-k-` 16mw hm¿-Uv \n-I¿-Øn¬ ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ sI ]n Ip-´-∏≥ (74). `m-cy: cm-[. a-°ƒ: km-_p (Pn-√m C≥-jp-d≥-kv Hm-^n-kv F-d-Wm-Ip-fw),- P-b≥, -eX,- I-Æ≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cXn,- A-Rv-Pp (sI.-C.Im¿-a¬ kv-Iqƒ ap-lΩ),- kp-tc-jv,- B-Xn-c.-

Ir-jv-W³Ip-ªv

th-em-bp-[³-]n-Å

hm-kp-tZ-h³-]n-Å

en-Ãn

G-en-¡p-«n

kp-Ip-am-c³ \m-bÀ

a√-∏≈n: \m-c-I-Øm-\n Ir-jv-W-I-e-bn¬ (A-°c-°m-´n¬) hn-ap-Iv-X-`-S≥ F B¿ ]-Xv-a-\m-`≥(94). `mcy: e-£v-an-°p-´n (Io-gv hm-bv-]q-cv ta-te-ta-{]-Øv Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw). a°ƒ: i-inI-e, _m-_p IrjvW-I-e (No-^v F-Un‰¿, _n t^m¿ _n¬-UnMv), ]-tc-Xbm-b h¬ke. a-cp-a°ƒ: c-ho-{μ≥, kp-tc-{μ≥, KoX.

tN¿-Ø-e: X-Æo¿-ap-°w ]-©m-b-Øv aq-∂mwhm¿Un¬ sh-≈n-bm-Ip-fw ac-ßm-´p \n-I¿-Øn¬ Irjv-W≥Ip-™v (84). -kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. `mcy: Nn-∂-Ω. -a-°ƒ: D-Z-bΩ, -{]-k-∂, -ap-c-fo-[-c≥, -a-Wn-°p-´n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥,- lcn-Zm-kv,- _n-μp.

am-∂m¿: Ip-c-´n-ti-cn {]k-∂-`-h-\n¬ hn th-embp-[≥-]n-≈(82). `m-cy: am-th-en-°-c sh-´n-bm¿ sX-t°-‰-Øv Ip-Spw-_mwKw ao-\m-£n-b-Ω. a°ƒ: {]-`-Ip-am¿, {]-k∂-Ip-am¿, {]-k-∂-Ip-amcn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I-\-I-Ω, {io-tZ-hn, kp-tc-{μ≥.

Im-bw-Ip-fw: s]-cn-ßme {io-`-h-\-Øn¬ _n-Pphn-s‚ `m-cy en-√n (35). aI≥: Im-in-\m-Y≥.

tZ-h-In A-½

sXm-Sp]pg: s\-Sp-ßm-´v Np-≠w-X-S-Øn¬ tPmWn-s‚ `m-cy G-en-°p-´n (85). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p -D-®-I-gn™v 2.30\p Imh-°m-Sv sk‚ v ta-co-kv ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: tPm¿-Pv, ]tc-Xbm-b ¢m-cΩ, tPmbn, P-bnw-kv, eo-kmΩ,tPmWn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-Xbm-b ta-cn, tPmWn ]-d-b-∂n-ew, h¬-k h-en-b-ho-´n¬- ]-d-ºn¬, h¬k-Ω Hm-S-bv-°¬, sS- n ss]-I-S. ]tc-X I-S-hq¿ Im-´-dp-Ip-Sn-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mwKw.

sh-≈-d-S: t{X-kym-]p-cw \m-dm-Wn {io-`-h-\n¬ dn´. Sn.F≥.C._n. Po-h-\°m-c≥ kp-Ip-am-c≥ \mb-¿ (65). `m-cy: {]-k-∂Ip-am-cn. a-°ƒ: {io-I-e, {io-I-WvT≥, {io-e-X. acp-a-°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am¿, B-i, In-tjm¿ Ip-am¿.

C-{_m-low- lm-Pn

\q-d-\m-Sv: D-f-hp-°m-Sv ]p¥-e-ho-´n¬ h-S-t°-∏p-cbn¬ ({io-`-h-\w) hm-kptZ-h≥]n-≈ (62). Np-a-´psXm-gn-em-fn bq-\n-b≥ (kn.sF.Sn.bp) Aw-K-ambn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn\n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: {io-e-X, {io-P, {io-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: Ir-jv-W-Ip-am¿, N{μ-ti-J-c≥-\m-b¿, tcWp-I.

b-tim-Z

am-\-¥-hm-Sn: sI-√q¿ al-√v I-Ωn-‰n c-£m-[nIm-cn-bpw kn a-Ωq-´n Fw.-F¬.-F.bp-sS ]nXm-hp-am-b N-°-c C{_m-low- lm-Pn (89). sI-√q¿ a-l-√v ap≥ -{]kn-U‚m-bn-cp∂p.

e-£-van

_-Zn-b-Sp-°: ]-tc-X-\mb _m-hp-™n-bp-sS `mcy _o-^m-Øn-a (63). a°ƒ: l-k≥, C-{_m-low, B-_n-Z, km-Pn-Z, k_o-\, A-∂-^, ku-Z.

]-ø-∂q¿: Ip-™n-aw-Kew I-≠w Ip-f-ß-c-bnse ssI-{]-Øv sXs°ho-´n¬ tZ-h-In AΩ (86). ]-tc-X-\m-b F Ip-™n-°-Æ≥ \m-b-cpsS (cm-h-Wo-iz-cw) `m-cybm-Wv.

Xr-Øm-e: Ip-a-c-\-√q¿ {_-“-\-I-Øv ]-tc-X-\mb A-∏p-Æn-bp-sS `m-cy sIm-Sp-ap-≠ s]-cp-º-dt°m-´n¬ e-£v-an (67). a°ƒ: cm-[, ko-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-P≥, N-{μ-≥.

kp-Ip-am-c³

-ImÀ-Xym-b-\n

Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n

im-c-Z

Xn-b-ßm-Sn _p-Jm-d-bn¬ Io-∏m-´v ]q-t°m-b X-߃ (70). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v 10\v _p-Jm-dm ]-≈n J_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `m-cy: \^o-k _o-hn. a-°ƒ: B-_n-Zo≥ X-߃, Cuk X-߃, sk-°o-\ _o-hn, k-ao-d _o-hn, lm-jnw X-߃. a-cp-a°ƒ: km-_n-d _o-hn, jn-_n-en X-߃, ap-lΩ-Zv d-^o-Jv, \-Pv-ap-∂o-k _o-hn, \m-kn-l _o-hn.

I-≠-»mw-I-S-hv: ]-Sn-bw Iq-´m-e ]m-d-s‚ a-I≥ sI ]n kp-Ip-am-c≥(77). apw-ss_ Jm-Zn B‚ v hnt√-Pv C≥-U-kv-{Sn-kn-s‚ I-Ωo-j-W-td-‰n¬ D-tZymK-ÿ-\m-bn-cp-∂p. kw-kv-Im-cw am¿-®v 16 Rm-b-dm-gv-N 10\v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬. `m-cy: A-Pn-X. a-°ƒ: kp-Pn-Øv (bp.Fkv.F), kv-an-X(apss_). a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-a, A-P-bv.

a-e-bm-‰q¿: hn-f-ßm-´n¬ kp-{_-“-Wy≥ `m-cy Im¿-Xym-b-\n (84). Iq-h∏-Sn t]m-´-t»-cn Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wp ]-tc-X.-kwkv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\p a-e-bm-‰q¿(Cu-Ãv) F-kv.-F≥.-Un.]n. iv-aim-\-Øn¬. a-°ƒ: k-ckp, k-hn-X, P-b-e-£v-an, k-Xo-i≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: NnZw-_-c≥, X-ºn, hn-Pb≥, P-e-P.

sIm-®n: sN-dm-bn ]-t√m°m-Sv am-[-h≥ a-I≥ -Irjv-W≥-Ip-´n (75). kw-kv°m-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: jn-\n, jn-Pn, kn-t\m-Pv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-a¬, A\n¬-Ip-am¿, \o-\p-knt\m-Pv.

F≥. ]-d-hq¿: s]-cp-º-S∂ sIm-t√m-cn-Ø-d ]-tcX-\m-b Zm-k-s‚ `m-cy im-c-Z(81).kw-kv-Im-cw \S-Øn. a-°ƒ: ko-\, koa, km-P≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tam-l-\≥, Zn-t\-jv, kPn.

Ip-ªm-an l-Öp-½

Pm-\-In

B-bn-kp

a-dn-bp-½

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: No-cm-‰-bnse Xm-sg ho-´n¬ B-bnkp (75). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b a-Ωp.

a-t©-cn: ]-ø-\m-Sv sNdp-Ip-fw ]-tc-X-\m-b Aen lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ISp-]m-en a-dn-bp-Ω (85).

t]-cm-{º: t]-cm-{º a¿®‚ v-kv A-tkm-kn-tbj≥ ap≥ {]-kn-U‚pw hym-]m-c{]-ap-J-\p-am-b _m-Zp-jm A-l-Ω-Zv lmZn-bp-sS `m-cy F-S-∏m-d Ip-™m-an l-÷p-Ω (71). a-°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^ , _m-Zp-j A-–p¬- kemw, _-jo¿, A-iv-d-^v , P-ao-e, k-^n-b.

X-e-t»-cn: A-≠-√q¿ tam-kv-tIm \-K-dn¬ Pm\-In k-Z-\-Øn¬ Pm-\In (90). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b Zm-dq-´n. a-°ƒ: {]-`m-I-c≥, Znhm-I-c≥, th-Wp-tKm-]me≥, \n¿-a-e, e-£v-an, kp-[m-I-c≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-¶w, t_-_n, b-ap-\, k-Pn-\.

]p¬-∏-≈n: h-b-\m-Sv Un.kn.kn. {]-kn-U‚ v sI F¬ ]u-tem-kn-s‚ am-Xm-hpw ]m-f-s°m-√n tem-\-∏-s‚ `m-cybpam-b A-∂-Ω (81). kw-kv-Imcw C∂v aq-∂n-\v sk-‚ v ta-cn-kv s^m-tdm-\m ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn-¬.

]qt¡m-b X-§Ä Nm-h-°m-Sv: I-S-∏p-dw ]p-

hm-fm-Sv: tN-cy-aq-e h≈n Ip-™-Ω-Xn-s‚-bpw sIm-∏-c B-bn-i-bp-sSbpw a-I≥ kp-sse-am≥ ss^-kn (39). In-\meq¿, I-√m-®n , sh-≈nem-Sn F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ J-Øo-_m-bn tk-h-\w sN-bv-Xn-´p-≠v.

]-Xv-a-\m-`³

]-ø-∂q¿: Xm-bn-t\-cn-bnse ]m-Sm-t®-\n b-tim-Z (64). `¿-Øm-hv: A-\-¥≥ Imc-W-h¿. a-°ƒ: {io-P, {io-e-X, {io-\n-hm-k≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-ºm≥, _m_p Ip-t∏-cn, c-ln-\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: cm-a-N{μ≥, P-\m¿-±-\≥, Zmtam-Z-c≥, cm-Po-h≥, ]fln-\n, iym-a-f, ]-tc-X\m-b th-Wp-tKm-]m-e≥.

A-¶-½

kp-sse-am³ apkveymÀ

_o-^m-¯n-a

Nm-t¡m Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: C-Sp-º-bnse hn ]n Nm-t°m (65). `m-cy: tkm-b. a-I≥: ss¢-hv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-cym-t°m-kv, ta-cn-°pv´n, A-®m-Ω, am-Ø-®≥.

an-\mÀ A-Ðp-Ã

C-cn-´n: Io-gq¿ sX-cp-hnse sIm-tΩ-cn tI-fp (80). `m-cy: am-[-hn.

X-f¶ - c - : ]-≈n-°m-en-se ao-\m¿ tÃm¿ D-Sa - A–p-√ (75). `m-cy: kp-ld - . a-°ƒ: Xm-Pp-±o≥, l-_o_v, \q-dp-±o≥, dm-^n, ap\o¿, ^-co-Z, ^-ao-Z, k-bvZ. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-lva - Z- v, ap\o¿, A-jv-d^ - v, ^u-knb, J-ad - p-∂n-k, kp-ssle, k-_n-X, in-_ve - n.

I-_oÀ -dm-hp-¯À

tIm-c-Xv-

tk-hyÀ

B-ep-h:- Xm-bn-°m-´p-I-c Im-™n-c-]-d-ºn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b A-∫m-kv dm-hpØ-dp-sS a-I-\pw B-ep-h \-K-c-k-`m Po-h-\-°m-c\p-am-b I-_o¿ -dm-hpØ¿ (58). `m-cy: ssa-ap\. a-°ƒ: \n-jm-Zv, _oam-_o-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \hm-kv \-S-Ø-d, k-\n-P \n-jm-Zv.

tIm-X-aw-K-ew: ]m-e-a-‰w B-cy-hn-em-kw F-tÃ-‰v kq-{]-≠m-bn-cp-∂ Nn-dtΩ¬ h-S-°≥ tIm-c-Xv (94). `m-cy: t{X-kym-°p´n. a-°ƒ: t]m-fn (ssl{Z-_m-Zv), sU-bv-kn, tamfn, tj¿-fn, tkm-an. a-cp-a°ƒ: an-\n, sIm-®p-dmWn, tPm¨-kv, sP-bn≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b tXm-a-kv.

c-Xv-\-Km-Ôn

in-h-cm-a³ \m-bÀ

aq-e-¶p-gn: Xp-≠-Øn¬ Sn F tk-hy¿(80). kwkv-°m-cw C-∂p ssh-Io-´v 4\p \-kv-d-Øv Xn-cp-Ip-Sw_ tZ-hm-e-b-sk-an-tØcn-bn¬. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bmb t{K-bv-kn. a-°ƒ: ssU-jn, \n-jn, kp-a≥ (Xp-≠-Øn¬ _m-‰-dn tlmw, aq-e-¶p-gn). a-cp-a°ƒ: sP-bv-°-kv, sP-bvk≥, {]o-a.

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: `m-c-Xv F‚¿-ss{]-k-kv D-S-a aem-∏-d-ºv C-Jv-d tlm-kv]n-‰-en-\p k-ao-]w ko\m \n-hm-kn¬ ]m-S°¬ c-Xv-\-Km-‘n (Nn∂≥-˛66). `m-cy: I-√-S -a√n-t»-cn ko-\.

]p¬-∏-≈n: G-cn-b-∏≈n hm-gv-ho-´n¬ in-h-cma≥ -\m-b¿ (74). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: ]flm-£n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: _n-Pp in-h-cm-a≥, {ioP.

tI-fp

_n-¨o-hn l-Öp-½ In-gn-t»-cn: Ip-dp-h-ºp-dØv ]-tc-X-\m-b s]-cnßm-S≥ Ip-´ym-ap- lm-Pnbp-sS `m-cy sN-d-b-°m-´v _n-®o-hn l-÷p-Ω (81). -

P-ao-e

ZnÂ-Pn-¯v

{io-tZ-hv

ktcm-Pn\n

apc-fo-[c³

in-h-Zmk³

te-J

A-\nÂ-Ip-amÀ

sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: A-got°m-Sv ]p-Ø≥-]-≈n ]-Sn-™m-sd Iq-‰n¬ Im-kn-an-s‚ `m-cy P-aoe(52). a-°ƒ: A-–p-d-lnw, kn-±o-Jv, Xz-øn-_v. a-cp-a-Iƒ: ^m-Øn-a.

Nm-h-°m-Sv: sX-°≥ ]me-bq¿ I-cp-h-≈n Zn-t\-is‚ a-I≥ Zn¬-Pn-Øv (16). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®bv°v 12\v. am-Xm-hv: jo-e. k-tlm-Z-c≥: cm-lp-¬.

Nm-h-°m-Sv: _-kv Ãm-≥Uv k-l-I-c-W tdm-Un¬ s\-Sn-tb-S-Øv ho-´n¬ them-bp-[-s‚ a-I≥ {io-tZhv (48). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se H-º-Xn-\v. `m-cy: ssj-\n. a-°ƒ: hnjv-Wp, A-ssZz-Xv.

sh-™m-d-aqSv: I√-d Im´pw-]p-dw X-S-Ø-cnI-Øv ho-´n¬ hm-a-tZh-s‚ `mcy k-tcm-Pn-\n (82). a°ƒ: cmPp, t__n, Dj, _m_p. a-cp-aIƒ: Bi.

Im-´m°-S: Ip-‰n-®¬ hmg∏-≈n sIm-´mc-Øv \-S {]-km-Zv `-h-\n¬ ap-c-fo[-c≥ (54). `mcy: {ioeX. a°ƒ: {]-kmZv, i-cWy. a-cp-aI≥: {]-Zo-]v.

tIm-hfw: sNm-Δ-c ]-\\n-∂ ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ inh-Zm-k≥ (66). `m-cy: e-fnX. a°ƒ: jmPn, jo-P (]tc-X), jn_p. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-Pn-X, c-P-\n.

tIm-hfw: sh-ßm-\q¿ In-Sm-c-°p-gn ]-≈n-hnfmI-Øv ho-´n¬ i-in-Ipam-dn-s‚ `m-cy te-J (48). a°ƒ: {im-h¨, i-c¨.

Ip-‰n-®¬: sXm-gp-Øn≥I-c cm-[m-`-h-\n¬ A\n¬-Ip-am¿ (46). _n.sP.]n. Ip-‰n-®¬ ]©mb-Øv I-Ωn-‰n {]-knU‚m-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: Aºnfn. aI≥: I-Æ-≥.

dm-t^Â ]p-Xp-°m-Sv: Ip-f-ß-c ]p-fn-°≥ dm-t^-¬(76). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ]pXp-°m-Sv s^m-tdm-\- ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: an-\n, Um-\n, kn-\n, tKm-Uv-{^o. a-cp-a-°ƒ: h¿-Ko-kv, sP-bnw-kv, tkm-f-a≥.

ap-l-½-ZvIp-ªn lm-Pn

I-Æm-Sn-∏-d-ºv: I-Æm-Sn∏-d-ºv Zm-dp¬ l-k-\mØv C-kv-em-an-Iv tImw-πIv-kv ssh-kv {]-knU‚pw km-aq-ln-I {]h¿-Ø-I-\p-am-bn-cp-∂ B-dmw-]o-Sn-I-bn-se sI -Sn -ap-l-Ω-ZvIp-™n lmPn (77). \n-Sp-hm-´v a-l-√v au-en-Zv I-Ωn-‰n Aw-K-hpw bm-°q-_n-b a-kv-Pn-Zv {]-kn-U‚p-am-bn-cp-∂p.

hm-kp-]n-Å ]-\-a-cw: \o¿-hm-cw A™-Wn-°p-∂v I-a-em-eb-Øn¬ sI hm-kp-]n≈ (80). ]-\-a-cw ]-©mb-Øv ap≥ ssh-kv {]kn-U‚ v \o¿-hm-cw K-h. ssl-kv-°qƒ A-[ym-]I≥ F-∂o \n-e-I-fn¬ {]-h¿-Øn-®n-´p-≠v. `mcy: Pm-\-In-b-Ω.

AUz. F³ _m-e-Ir-jv-W³ \m-bÀ Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw: tI-ih-Zm-k-]pcw sF-iz-cy \K-dn¬ ku-]¿-Wn-I-bn¬ AUz. F≥ _m-e-Irjv-W≥ \m-b¿ (75). `m-cy: tUm. Pn Ir-jv-WIp-am-cnb-Ω. aI≥: tUm. A-cp¨ _n \mb¿. a-cp-aIƒ: tUm. sP tZhnI.

]n-Xm-hn-s\ sIm-e-s¸-Sp-¯n-b tI-knÂ- A-d-ÌnÂ]q-™m¿-: a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ ]nXm-hn-s\ a¿-±n-®p sIm-e-s∏-SpØn-b tI-kn¬- a-I-s\ ]m-emUn-ssh.F-kv.- ]n-bp-sS t\-Xr-XzØn-ep-≈ t]m-en-kv- A-dà - v- sNbvX - p.- ssI-∏≈ - n- C-Sa - e - \m-´p-It√¬- tPm-Wn-s\(70)- sIm-es - ∏Sp-Øn-b tI-kn-¬ a-I≥- jm-Pn(35)bmWv Ad-Ãn-em-bX - v.kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v- t]m-enkv- ]-d-bp-∂-Xn-ß-s\: ta-kv-Xncn-∏-Wn-°m-c-\m-b jm-Pn- ÿncw- a-Zy-]m-\n-bm-Wv. I-gn-™ 26\v cm-{Xn- H-º-Xn-\v- a-Zy-]ns®Ønb ssjPn k-ao-]-sØ ho-´n¬- A-Xn-{I-an-®p I-b-dn-.- CXv- tNm-ZywsN-bvX - ]nXmhpw jmPn-bpw- X-Ωn¬- hm-t°-‰-ap-≠mhp-I-bpw- tPm¨- jm-Pn-bp-sS k¿-´n-^n-°‰ - p-If - pw- s_-Õpw- ho´p-ap-‰-Øn-´vI-Øn-°pIbpw

jm-Pn sNbvXp.- C-XpI-≠ {]-Xn- hSnsIm-≠v- tPm-Wn-s\ a¿-±n-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- a¿-±-\-Øn¬-hm-cnsb-√p-Iƒ- s]m-´n Kpcp-X-cm-hÿ-bn-emb tPmWns\- _-‘p°ƒ- ]m-em- Xm-eq-°m-ip-]-{Xnbn-epw- ]m-em-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-

ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw- {]-th-in-∏n-®p.B-ip-]-{Xn- A-[n-Ir-X-tcm-Sv- hoW-Xm-sW-∂mWv _-‘p-°ƒ]d-™n-cp∂Xv.- XpS¿∂v tIm-´bw- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pn¬- {]th-in-∏n-®-t∏mƒ- tUm-Iv-S¿-am¿°p-≠m-b kw-i-b-am-Wv- {]-Xnsb ]n-Sn-Iq-Sm≥- k-lm-bIambXv.- Nn-In-¬-k-bn¬- I-gn-b-sh tPm-Wn-\v- \yq-tam-Wnb- _m-[n®p. F-∂m¬- \yq-tam-Wn-b _m[n-®-√ a-cn-Wsa∂pw- a¿-±-\Øn¬- G-‰ ]-cn-°p-aq-e-amsW∂pw- A-t\z-jW - Ø - n¬- hy‡-am-bn.]m-em- Un-ssh.-F-kv-.]n- _nPp- sI kv‰ - o-^\ - pw- Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´ kn-.sF A-tim-Iv- Un- Ip-am¿,- Fkv-.sF Ip-cy≥- am-Xyp- F-∂nhcmWv- jm-Pn-sb A-d-Ãv sNbvXXv.

hn-P-b³ \m-bÀ

{]-`m-I-c³ \m-bÀ

Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw: ta{]ma-Øv ho-´n¬ hn-Pb≥ \m-b¿ (62). `mcy: Pb-Ip-amcn. a°ƒ: {]-k∂-Ip-am¿, A-RvP-\. acp-aI≥: kp-`mjv.

Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw: sNºg-¥n P\-Xm tdm-Un¬ k-‘ym-`-h-\n¬ {]-`m-Ic≥ \m-b¿ (71). `mcy: C-μn-c. a-°ƒ: k-‘ym-tamƒ, bap-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: _m_p, amb.

ssk-X-e-hn Xp-Δq¿: ]-≈n-∏d - º - v Ppam-ak - vP - n-Zn-\p k-ao-]sØ Iq-Øp-]d - º - ≥ ssk-Xe - h - n (60). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a.

ap-l-½-Zm-en Np-¶-Ø-d: ]n-em-tØmS≥ ap-l-Ω-Zm-en (87). `mcy: B-bn-i.

sam-b-X v p t_m-hn-°m\w: dn-´. Btcm-Ky-hI - p-∏v Po-h\ - ° - mc≥ _m-e\ - S- p°-sØ sam-bvX - p (62). ]n-Xmhv: A-_vZ- p¿-dl - va - m≥. `m-cyam¿: k-^n-b, _o^mØ-a. a°ƒ: jmln≥, jw-ko-\, d-^oJv. a-cp-a°ƒ: I-cow, jm-°nd, k-^oe. k-tlm-Zc - ߃: A-_vZ- p¬ Jm-Z¿ - , \-^o-k, ssk\-_, Bbn-i, B-an-\, km-d.

]-co-£-bv-¡v t]m-hp-¶-Xn-\n-sS Ip-g-ªp-ho-W hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n a-cn-¨p l-cn-∏m-Sv: F-kv.-F-kv.-F¬.kn. ]-co-£-bv-°v t]m-hp-∂-Xn\n-sS Ip-g-™p-ho-W hn-Zym¿Yn-\n a-cn-®p. B-bm-]-d-ºv K-h.l-b¿ -sk-°≥U-dn kv-Iq-fnse 10mw -¢m-kv hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bmb sN-dp-X-\ B-\m-cn \-μ-\Øn¬ {io-Ip-am-dn-s‚ a-Iƒ Bcy({io-°p-´n˛15)bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se ]p-e¿s® \m-e-ctbm-sS h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bnem-Wv ac-Ww. sNm-Δm-gv-N D-®-bv-°v ]-co£bv-°v t]m-hm≥ ho-´n¬ \n∂n-d-ß-sh Ip-g-™pho-W hnZym¿Yn\nsb l-cn-∏m-Sv Xmeq-°m-ip-]-{Xn-bnepw ti-jw h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pnepw {]th-in-∏n-®Xm-bn-cp∂p.- -

X-e-bn-se R-c-ºp-Iƒ Zp¿-_e-am-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ Nn-In¬k-bn-en-cn-s° ikv{X-{Inb \S-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. C-Xn-\p ti-jam-Wv a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®-Xv. kw-kv-Im-cw ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-Øn. am-Xm-hv: P-b-{io.- G-I k-tlm-Z-c≥: B-Zn-Xy≥.

Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´: kn-en≠¿ kq-£n-®n-cp-∂ dq-an¬\n-∂v Kym-kv tNm¿-∂v Xo-∏n-Sn-Ø-Øn¬ s]m≈-te-‰ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´ I-Sp-hm-aqgn hm-°m-]-d-ºv ]m-ebw]-d-ºn-¬ _-jo-dn-s‚ a-I≥ ap-Po-_v (35) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. hym-gm-gv-N -cm-{Xn 8.45 \p C-¥y≥ Kym-kn-s‚ k-_v G-P-‚m-b ap-Po-_n-s‚ D-S-a-ÿ-Xb -- n-ep-≈ h-S-t°-°-c-bn-ep-≈ sI-´n-S-Øns‚ c-≠mw \n-e-bn¬ kq-£n-®n-cp-∂ dq-an¬ sse-‰v sX-fn-°m≥ kzn-®v C-´-t∏mƒ Xo- ]-S¿-∂v ]n-Sn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. dq-an¬ kq-£n-®n-cp-∂ Kym-kv kn-en-≠dn¬\n-∂v tNm¿-®-bp-≠m-bm-hp-I-bpw ssh-Zyp-Xn kv-]m¿-°v D-≠m-b-t∏mƒ Xo-∏n-SnØ-ap-≠m-b-Xmbpw ]-d-bp-∂p. tZ-l-am-k-I-ew s]m-≈-te-‰ ap-Po-_n-s\ D-S≥ tIm-´-b-sØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw C-∂-se cm-hn-se 11 Hm-sS a-c-W-s∏-´p. `m-cy: kn-Pn-\ (F-cp-ta-en Nm-Ø≥-X-d Ip-h-Ip-t∂¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw). a-Iƒ: ^m-Øn-a. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´ ss\-\m¿ ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ J_-d-S-°w \-S-Øn.

hr-²-Z-¼-Xn-I-Ä ho-Sn-\p k-ao-]w a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

Ip-d-hn-e-ßm-Sv: ho-Sn-\p k-ao-]-Øv hr-≤-Z-º-XnI-sf a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn. -C-e-bv-°m-Sv c≠m-\n-bn¬ hm-kp (70), `m-cy k-tcm-Pn-\n (65) F∂n-h-sc-bm-Wv C-∂-se cm-hn-se a-cn-®- \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. ho-Sn-\p k-ao-]-ap-≈ B-e-bn-emWv ar-X-tZ-l-߃ I-≠- hm-kp Xv. B-kn-Uv D-≈n¬ sN∂m-Wv a-c-W-sa-∂m-Wv \n-K-a-\w. ar-X-tZ-l-߃-°v kao-]-Øp-\n-∂v B-kn-Up≈ I-∂m-kpw Ão¬ •mkpw I-s≠-Sp-Øn-´p-≠v. tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ Bip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bnbn¬ t]m-Ãptam¿-´-Øn\p ti-jw _-‘p-°ƒ- k-tcm-Pn-\n °v hn-´p-\-¬-In. hm-kp-hpw `m-cy k-tcm-Pn-\n-bpw a-I≥ k-t¥mjn-t\m-Spw Ip-Spw-_-tØm-Sp-sam-∏-am-Wv Xm-a-kw. C-∂-se cm-hn-se A-©-c-tbm-sS-bm-Wv ar-X-tZ-l߃ Im-Wp-∂-Xv. k-t¥m-jn-s‚ `m-cy cm-hn-se DW¿-∂-t∏mƒ A-Sp-°-f-hm-Xn¬ Xp-d-∂p-In-S-°p-∂XpI-≠v kw-i-bw tXm-∂n-b-tXm-sS \-S-Øn-b At\z-j-W-Øn-em-Wv ho-Sn-\p sXm-´-Sp-Øp-≈ B-ebn¬ ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv . a-c-ßm-´p-]-≈n t]m-en-kv kw-`-h-Øn¬ tI-sk-Sp-Øp. hm-kp-˛-ktcm-Pn-\n Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS H-cp a-I≥ kp-`m-jv h¿-j߃-°pap-ºv B-fl-l-Xy- sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂p. a-s‰m-cp aI≥ kp-tc-jv G-‰p-am-\q-cn-em-Wv Xm-a-kw. G-‰p-am\q-cn¬ C≥-U-kv-{Sn-b¬ F-tÃ-‰n¬ tPm-en-sN-bvXn-cp-∂ hm-kp A-hn-sS\n-∂v hn-c-an-®ti-jw B-e∏-Wn-bn¬ k-Po-h-am-bn-cp-∂p. C-cp-h-cp-sS-bpw kwkv-Im-cw \-S-Øn.

Im-dn-Sn-¨v Nn-In-Â-k-bn-en-cp-¶ ImÂ-\-S-bm-{X-n-I³ a-cn-¨p

B-e-∏p-g: Im-dn-Sn-®v Nn-In-¬-k-bn-en-cp-∂ Im¬-\-Sbm-{X-n-I≥ a-cn-®p. ]p-∂-{] sX-°v ]-©m-b-Øv 13mw hm¿-Un¬ I-Æ-∏-t»-cn¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Zn-hmI-c-s‚ a-I≥ _m-e-kp-{_-“-Wy-\m(61)-Wv a-cn-®Xv. I-gn-™ 28\v ssh-Io-´v B-tdm-sS sXm-Sp-]p-g A®≥-I-h-e-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. tlm-´-ep-S-a-bmb kp-{_-“-Wy≥ tdm-Uph-°n-eq-sS \-S-∂p t]mhp-∂-Xn-\n-Sbn¬ ]n-∂m-se h-∂ C-t∂m-h Im¿ CSn-®p sX-dn-∏n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. X-e-bv-°p Kp-cp-X-cam-bn ]-cn-t°-‰-Xn-s\ Xp-S-¿-∂v sXm-Sp-]p-g K-h. Bip-]-{Xn-bn-epw ]n-∂o-Sv B-e-∏p-g sa-Un-°¬-tIm-fPv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw {]-th-in-∏n-® kp-{_-“-Wy≥ hym-gm-gv-N ssh-Io-´v A-©n-\v a-cn-®p. `m-cy: e-X. a°ƒ: {]o-Xn _m-e≥, A-P-b- _m-e≥. k-©-b-\w 20\v cm-hn-se 10\v.

a-ª-¸n-¯w _m-[n-¨v Hm-t«m ss{U-hÀ a-cn-¨p

a-\-s°m-Sn: a-™-∏nØw _m-[n-®v Nn-In-¬kbn-en-cp-∂ H-m-t´m ss{Uh¿ a-cn-®p. a-\-s°m-Sn Ip∂n¬ h-gn-\-S-bv-°¬ ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-´-s‚ a-I≥ k-Xy-\m-Wv(42) a-cn-®-Xv. Xr-iq¿ sa-Un-°¬ tImf-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ NnIn- ¬ k- b n- e m- b n- c p- ∂ p. Xr-iq¿ ]-Sn-™m-tdtIm´-bn-se Hm-t´m-dn-£m ss{U-h-dm-Wv. A-Ω: `m¿K-hn. `m-cy: {io-hn-Zy. a-°ƒ:A --- -£-bv,- A-Xp¬-Iy-jv-W.

s]m-Å-te-ä ho«½ a-cn-¨p

]p-Xp-°m-Sv: a-Æw-t]-´ h-´-Wm-{X N-μ-∏-d-ºn¬ k‘y(33) s]m-≈-te-‰v Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-s° a-cn-®p. IIp-ªm-an gn-™ Rm-b-dm-gv-N hn-f-°n¬\n-∂p h-kv-{X-Øn¬ X-et- »-cn-: tKm-]m-et- ∏-´ Xo ]-S¿-∂m-Wv s]m-≈-te-‰-Xv. Xr-iq¿ sa-Un-°¬ dn-Iva - m-kn¬- ]-≈° - ≥tIm-f-Pn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-s°-bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Ip-™m-an (70). `¿-Ømhv:- ]-tc-X\ - m-b ]n- hn- Al-ΩZ- v.- a-°ƒ-: ap-\o¿-,- j- ]p-Xp-°m-Sv: a-Æw-t]-´ hm-Øn-tb-S-Øv tam-l-\-s‚ lo¿--.- a-cp-a° - ƒ-: F≥- hn- `m-cy jo-_(47) s]m-≈-te-‰p a-cn-®p. I-gn-™ Zn-hjm-°n-d,- dn-kve - n- .- kkw cm-{Xn-bm-Wv C-h¿-°v s]-m-≈-te-‰-Xv. tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ-: lm-jnw-,Xr-iq-cn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in∏n-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. C-∂-se ]pdw-e.- J-_d - S- ° - w- C-∂v D®-bv° - v H-∂n-\v- ssk-Zm- e¿-s®-bm-Wv a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®-Xv. h-c-¥-c-∏n-≈n ¿-]≈ - n- J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. t]m-en-kv ta¬ \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®p.

s]m-Å-te-äp a-cn-¨p

bp-hm-¡Ä B-än ap-§na-cn-¨p Im-´m-°-S: I-c-a-\-bm-‰n¬ Ip-fn°m-\n-d-ßn-b A-©w-K kw-LØn-se _-‘p-°-fm-b c-≠v bphm-°ƒ ap-ßna-cn-®p. B-\-b-d tXm-∏n¬ {io \-μ-\-Øn¬ A\p-cm-Pv (26), B-\-b-d ]p-©n-cn ho-´n¬ k-t¥m-jv-˛-P-b-{io Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ hn-jv-Wp (22) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v c-t≠m-sS B-cy-\m-Sv B-\-tμ-iz-cw \n-c-∏n≥-Im-e IS-hn-em-Wv A-]-I-Sw. I-h-Sn-bm¿ sl¿-°p-en-kv acp-Xn tjm-dq-an-se Po-h-\-°m-cmb A-\p-cm-Pv, hn-jv-Wp, a-t\m-Pv (31), _n-\p (26), ssl-k¨ (33) F-∂n-hcmWv C-∂-se 12Hm-sSB-cy-\m-s´-Øn-b-Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v I-S-hn¬ Ip-fn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS hnjv-Wphns\ k-ao-]-sØ I-bØne-I-s∏-´p ImWm-Xm-bn. c-

A-\p-cm-Pv £n-°m-\nd-ßnb A\p-cm-Pns\bpw Im-Wm-Xmb-tXmsS kplr-Øp-°ƒ \n-e-hn-fn-®p. DS≥ k-ao-]hmkn-Iƒ F-Øn Xnc-®n¬ \-S-Øn-sb-¶n-epw c-£n°m-\m-bn-√. s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv ^b¿tÃ-j-\n-se Po-h-\-°m-cpw \m-´p-Im-cpw t]m-en-kpw tN¿-∂v

hn-jv-Wp \-S-Øn-b Xn-c-®n-en¬ 3.30Hm-sS ar-X-tZ-l-߃ I-s≠-Sp-°pIbm-bn-cp∂p. s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv Pn-√m B-ip-]{Xn bnse-Øn® ar-X-tZ-l-߃ C-∂v t]m-kv-‰vtam-¿-´-Øn-\v tijw _-‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp°pw.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

15 am¿®v 2014 i\n

Z-^vap-«v B-Nm-cy³ A-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n ap-kv-eymÀ A-´-cn-¨p A-t½m-«n \-Sp-hÆ - q¿: ]u-c{- ]-ap-J\pw ]-gb - I - m-e tIm¨-{Kkv t\-Xm-hp-am-b kn ]n A-tΩm-´n (85). A-hn-`‡ Un.kn.kn Aw-Kw, \-Sp-hÆq¿ {Km-a∏ - © - m-bØ - v ap≥ ssh-kv {]-kn-U‚ - v, I¿-jI - tIm-¨{- K-kv (Fkv) Pn-√m J-Pm-©n, tIm¨-{K-kv (F-kv) a-fie - w {]-kn-U‚ v, \-Sp-hÆ - q¿ Pn.F-®v.F-kv.F-kv {]-tam´n-Mv I-Ωn-‰n-bw-Kw- Xp-Sß - nb- \n-eI - f - n¬ {]-h¿ - Ø - n®n-´p-≠v. `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - mb cm-cn-®≥-I≠ - n D-Ωm-® (F-e¶ - a - ¬). a-°ƒ: Ip™o-_n, P-ao-e, kp-ss_Z, d-kn-b, A-hd - m≥-tIm-b (\o-bm-Uvt- Im-kv, \-Sp-hÆq¿), ]-tc-Xb - m-b ^mØn-a. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-ΩZ- v (I-cn-°mw-Ip-fw), X-dp-ssh lm-Pn (s\m-®m-´v), F ]n A-_q-_° - ¿ (No-^v k-_v F-Un-‰¿, am-[y-aw), ]-tc-Xcm-b ]-°¿, A-lΩ - Z- vt- Imb. k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv lm-Pn, ]-tc-X\ - m-b kn ]n Ip-™m-bn. J-_d - S- °w C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v Iogp-t°m-Sv I-Sh - v Pp-am-ak - vP - nZv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

Xn-cqÀ Fw.-F-Â.-F kn a-½q-«n-bp-sS ]n-Xm-hv C-{_m-low- lm-Pn Xn-cq¿: Xn-cq¿ Fw.F¬.-F- kn a-Ωq-´n-bpsS ]n-Xm-hpw am-\-¥hm-Sn sI-√q¿ a-l-√v {]kn-U‚p-am-b kn C{_m-low lm-Pn (84). a‰p-a-°ƒ: A-–p¬- \mk¿, A-iv-d-^v, A-–p√, A-–p¬ k-emw, apl-Ω-Zv d-Cu-kv, ^mØn-a, d-lv-a-Øv, k-°o\, i-ao-\, k-Po-\. a-cpa-°ƒ: F≥ C-{_mlnw, ]n sI D-kv-am≥, sam-bv-Xp, kn k-eow, i-aow. J-_-d-S-°w C∂p cm-hn-se 11\v am-\¥-hm-Sn sI-√q¿ Pp-am-akv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.-

A-½-Z-v lm-Pn

^m-¯n-½

Ip-ªn-A-½

ap-l-½-Zv lm-Pn

cm-L-h³

tIm-b-¡p-«n- lm-Pn

hm-Wn-ta¬: Xm-thm-´va - p°n-se B-eb - p-≈X - n¬ A-lΩ - Z- v- lm-Pn (86). `mcy: a-dn-bw. a-°ƒ: sam-bvXp (a-kv° - Øv), _-jo¿ _m-Jh - n (J-Øo-_v, ]¥o-cn-°c - ), am-an, Ip-™bn-i. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-ΩZ- vlm-Pn sN-dp-tam-Øv, Ip™-–p-√ Pm-Xn-tb-cn, k-do-\, Pp-ss_-cn-b. ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: Ip-™man, ]m-Øp, B-bn-ip. J_-dS- ° - w C-∂v cm-hn-se H-ºX - n-\v hm-Wn-ta¬ Ppam-ak - vP - n-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

s]m-∂m-\n: ]-tc-X-\m-b ap¿-in-ßm-\-I-Øv Ip™n-_m-h-bp-sS `m-cybpw A-¥-cn-® s]m-∂m\n \-K-c-k-`m t£-a-Imcy ÿn-c-k-an-Xn sN-b¿am-≥ Fw ssl-Z-c-en-bpsS am-Xm-hp-am-b ^m-ØnΩ (75).-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\mb A-–p¬ A-ko-kv, ssl-dp-∂o-k. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-_q-_-°¿ (Zp_-bv), sj-co-^, ]-tc-Xbm-b \-ko-a. J-_-d-S°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 11-\v h-en-b Pp-apA-Øv ]≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

th-ß-c: F-kv.F-kv tdm-Un-se sIm-t´-°m-´v ap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn (am\p˛60). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a°p-´n. a-°ƒ: ^-Pn-b, jp-°q¿, i-_v-\, ipssl-_v, kw-jo-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: X-Pv-a¬, l-ao-Zv, \nim-Zv, dp-_o-\. k-tlm-Zc-߃: l- ≥, e-Xzo-^v lm-Pn, J-Zo-P, Xn-Øo-ap, ^m-Xzn-a-°p-´n, B-bn-i, kp-ss_-Z, ssk-\-_. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v Im-hp-߬ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

k-tcm-Pn-\n

_m-ep-t»-cn: In-\m-eq¿ ]m-en-®w-I-≠n cm-L-h≥ (78). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b am-[-hn. a-°ƒ: Ko-X, eo\, kz-]v-\-te-J (Pq-\nb¿ sl¬-Øv C≥-kv-s]Œ¿ ]n.F-®v.kn. In-gt°m-Øv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: hnP-b≥ (A-kn. Pn-√m tem-´-dn Hm-^n-k¿, Xm-ac-t»-cn), Ip-am-c≥ (K-h. l-b¿-sk-°≥-U-dn kvIqƒ, \-Sp-h-Æq¿), `-cX≥ (\≥-a-≠- G-gp-Ip-fw F.bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ). ktlm-Z-c-߃: cm-a≥, tKm-]m-e≥, am-[-hn, tKmhn-μ≥, {io-[-c≥.

H-Xp-°p-߬: Ip-gn-∏p-dw ]-tc-X\ - m-b I-dp-aÆ - n¬ sam-bvX - o-s‚ a-I≥ tImb-°p-´n lm-Pn (72).- `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: A-ao¿ B-cn-^v, km-Pn-Z, _p-jvd, A-Pva - ¬. a-cp-a° - ƒ: Fw sI I-Ωp-°p-´n, A–p¬ J-øqw ^-hm-kv, l^o-Z. J-_d - S- ° - w C-∂p cm-hn-se H-ºX - n-\v Ip-gn∏p-dw In-gt- ° Pp-ap-AØv ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.-

B-bn-ip

_m-ep-t»-cn: In-\m-eq¿ a-¶-b-Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\mb I-cp-Wm-I-c am-cm-cpsS `m-cy a-¶-b-Øn¬ Ip™n-A-Ω(84). a-°ƒ: tZ-th-j≥ (dn-´. In-\meq¿ F-tÃ-‰v kq-]¿ssh-k¿), \m-cm-b-W≥ (dn-´. In-\m-eq¿ F-tÃ-‰v sXm-gn-em-fn), A-timI≥ (dn-´. A-{Kn-Iƒ-®d¬ A-kn. Hm-^o-k¿ Xn-t°m-Sn), th-Wp-tKm]m-e≥, im-¥. a-cp-a°ƒ: tim-`-\, ku-an-\n, \n¿-a-e, do-P, {io-\n-hmk≥. k-©-b-\w hymgmgvN.

]-ø-∂q¿: Xm-bn-t\-cn-bnse ]m-Sm-t®-\n b-tim-Z (64). `¿-Øm-hv: A-\¥≥ Im-c-W-h¿. a-°ƒ: {io-P, {io-e-X, {io-\nhm-k≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Xºm≥, _m-_p Ip-t∏-cn, c-ln-\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: cm-a-N-{μ≥, P-\m¿-±-\≥, Zm-tam-Z-c≥, cm-Po-h≥, ]fln-\n, iym-a-f, ]-tc-X\m-b th-Wp-tKm-]me≥.

kp-sse-am³ apkveymÀ hm-fm-Sv: tN-cy-aq-e ]-tcX-\m-b h-≈n Ip-™-ΩXn-s‚-bpw sIm-∏-c Bbn-i-bp-sS-bpw a-I≥ kpsse-am≥ ss^-kn (39). In-\m-eq¿ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv, I-√m-®n X-´m-Øpw-]-≈n, sh-≈n-em-Sn Pp-am-a-kv-PnZv F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ JØo-_m-bpw Ip-Ω-t¶m-Sv a-Zvd-km A-[ym-]-I-\mbpw tk-h-\w sN-bv-Xn-´p≠v. `m-cy: a-dn-bw.

]-ø∂ - q¿: Ip-™n-aw-Kew I-≠w Ip-fß - c - b - nse ssI-{]-Øv sXs°ho-´n¬ tZ-hI - n A-Ω (86). ]-tc-X\ - m-b F Ip™n-°Æ - ≥ \m-bc - p-sS (cm-hW - o-iz-cw) `m-cy-bmWv. a-°ƒ: c-ho-{μ≥ (JØ¿), cm-Pp (Zp-_b - v), `m¿-Kh - n, km-hn-{Xn, ]-tcX-\m-b _m-eN - {- μ≥. a-cpa-°ƒ: I-cp-Wm-Ic - ≥, ssa-Yn-en, C-μn-cm-tZ-hn, dm-Wn. k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: \m-cm-bW - ≥, Im¿-Øymb-\n.

I-eym-Wn

J-Zo-P -

kp-ss_-Z

s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ: ]m-Xmbv-°-c tXm-´-°-c {]-Wh-Øn¬ C Fw cm-[m-Irjv-W≥ F-gp-Ø-—≥ (74).- `m-cy: Im¿-Xym-b\n. a-°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥Ip-´n, _-_n-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: tcm-ln-Wn,kt¥m-jv (Zp-_-bv). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®bv-°v 12\v Xn-cp-hn-ezm-a-e sF-h¿aT-Øn¬.-

ta-∏-øq¿: ap-bn-t∏m-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b F-S-h-\-s]mbn¬ tI-f-s‚ `m-cy A-gI-Øv I-eym-Wn (80). a°ƒ: Pm-\-In, \m-cm-bW≥, cm-P≥ (sl¬-Øv C≥-kv-s]-Œ¿, sh-≈-ap≠), tZ-hn, tim-`, {]-Imi≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Zm-tam-Zc≥, tI-f-∏≥, `m-kv-Ic≥, k-Xn, k-Xn (X-®≥Ip-∂v), ssj-\n. k-©-b\w Rm-bd-- mgvN.

Im-fn-Im-hv: A-S-bv-°m°p-≠v h-´-a-Æn¬ Ip™n-ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy J-Zo-P (55). a-°ƒ: l-°ow, \u-jmZv (Pn-±), ^n-tdm-kv, kmln-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-^qd, d-Po-\, A-Po-^v. J_-d-S-°w C∂v H-º-Xn\v A-S-°m-°p-≠v Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

sN-dp-Ip-fw: ]-tc-X-\mb am-fn-I-∏p-c-bn¬ sambv-Xp-hn-s‚ a-Iƒ kpss_-Z(55). `¿-Øm-hv: a≥-kq¿. am-Xm-hv: _n®m-bn-i. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tIm-btam≥ (Pn-±), _-jo¿ (Zp-_bv), km-°n¿ (dnbm-Zv), P-ao-e, j-°o-e, apw-Xm-kv, dm-_n-b, jmln-Z.

\m-Wp- \m-bÀ

D-½À lm-Pn -

B-bn-i-¡p-«n

im-c-Z

A-_q-_-¡À

Xm-a-c-t»-cn: hn-f-bm-´p-t»cn ap-≈-º-e-Øn¬ Nm°m-Øv \m-Wp- \m-b¿ (78). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b am-º-‰-°-c k-Xy-`m-a. aI≥: a-[p-kq-X-\≥. a-cp-aIƒ: ssj-e-P. k-©-b\w hym-gmgvN.

tN-dq¿: I-Æ-aw-K-ew A-hp™n-°m-´v D-Ω¿ lm-Pn (77). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: eØo-^v, _o-cm≥, A-iv-d-^v, k-°o¿,]m-Øp-Ωp, d-ko-\, k-eo-\, ku-Zm-_n, B-ky. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: t]m-°¿ lm-Pn, C-Øo-a.

Im-h-\q¿: G-en-bm-]-d-ºv ap-´ym-d ap-l-Ω-Zv- lm-Pnbp-sS `m-cy sN-dq-°m-S≥ B-bn-i-°p-´n (60). a°ƒ: A-–p-√, A-l-Ω-Zv, ap-Po-_v, ^m-Øn-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: l-k≥, ap-lvkn-\, A-kv-am-_n, j-l-vdbv≥.

Xn-cp-c-ßm-Sn: I-°m-Sv Un.-Fw tdm-Uv- sN-\°¬ In-g-t°-]p-c-°¬ im-c-Z (71). a-°ƒ: Zn-t\-iv, kp-tcjv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kn-©p, kn-‘p.-

]-tøm-fn: ]p-Ø≥-]p-cbn¬ A-_q-_-°¿ (59). `m-cy: Xm-Pp-∂n-k. a°ƒ: j-\o-P, Pw-jo-\, Pw-jm-Zv, P-kv-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Z-en, ssk-\p-±o≥, jw-ko¿.

A-d-ap-J³

]p-Xn-bm-−n -

Ip-dp-¼

P-ao-e

c-ta-iv

J-Zo-P l-Öp-½

h-≈n-°p-∂v: H-en-{]wIS-hv ap-°-Øv I-S-hv tdmUv ]m-d-°¬ A-d-ap-J≥ (Ip-´-∏˛91). a-°ƒ: th-em-bp-[≥, tKm-]m-e≥, ku-an-\n, Cμn-c, c-a-Wn, ]p-jv-]. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _m-e≥, kn≤m¿-∞≥, kp-Ip-am-c≥, Ir-jv-W≥, e-£van, ao\m-£n.

hm-g-°m-Sv: ap-≠p-ap-gn t]-tc-Sp-Øv ta-ج ]pXn-bm-≠n (80). `m-cy: ]tc-X-bm-b Ip-dp-™n. a°ƒ: Kw-Km-[-c≥, _m_p, eo-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-Ip-am-c≥, eo-e, e-X. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hnse F-´n-\v tN-em-´pΩ¬ iva-im-\-Øn¬.

B-\-°-bw: s]-cn-º-ew ]-tc-X-\m-b N-¥p-Æn-bpsS `m-cy C-S-h-gn-∏-dºn¬ Ip-dp-º (82). a°ƒ: tam-l-\≥, eo-e, hn-Nn-{X, e-Xn-I. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-cp-W, \m-cm-bW≥, th-em-bp-[≥, Nn∂≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-Nyp-X≥, Pm-\p, Im-fn.

tN-μ-aw-K-√q¿: I-dptØ-S-Øv sI C-{_mln-an-s‚ `m-cy ]n Sn Pao-e (58). a-°ƒ: km-PnZ, i-_v-\, X-kveo-\, jm-Zn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A–p¬- K-^q¿, i-^o-Jv, km-enw, \u-jo¿. ktlm-Z-c-߃: J-a-dp±o≥, ]m-Øp-Ω, dp-Jn-ø.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: a-Wa¬ F-tSm-fn c-ta-iv (55). `m-cy: kp-io-e (t] B‚ v A-°u-≠v, apwss_). a-I≥: E-jn-Iv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: tam-l≥-Zm-kv, hn-t\m-Zv-Ip-am¿, Zn-t\-i≥, kp-j-a, kt¥m-jv, kv-an-X, ]-tc-Xbm-b eo-e.

I-´n-∏m-d: Ip-Øp-I-√-p߬ ap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn-bpsS `m-cy J-Zo-P l-÷pΩ (56). a-°ƒ: jm-Pn apl-Ω-Zv, jm-Pn¿ ap-l-Ω-Zv (C-cp-h-cpw knw k¿-hokv, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), jen¬ (tkm-^v-‰v-sh-b¿ F-≥Pn-\o-b¿). a-cp-a°ƒ: ^u-kn-b, dw-e. l-^v-kn-Z.

I-°-´n¬: No-t°m-∂nse ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-d-ºØv sam-bv-Xo-s‚ `m-cy _n-øm-Øp (80). a-°ƒ: A-–p-√, kp-ss_-Z, Bbn-ip, l-ao-Zv (J-Ø¿), P-ao-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A–p-√, P-ao-e, k-eo-\.

h-SI - c - : aq-cm-Sv {_-tZ-gvk - v _-kvt- ‰m-∏n-\p k-ao-]w h-St- °-Xø - n¬ C-SØn¬ A-–p-¿d-lvams‚ `m-cy B-bn-ip (65). a-°ƒ: \-ko¿, \m-k¿, P-eo¬, ap-kvX - ^ - , keow (F-√m-hc - pw ku-Zn), P-ao-e, d-kn-b (Fw.bp.Fw.F-®v.F-kv, h-SI - c - ). a-cp-a° - ƒ: lp-ssk≥, _-jo¿ am-kv‰ - ¿, k-^nb, \-ko-a, ko-\Ø - v, k^o-\, jw-ko-\.

h-S-I-c: tNm-tdm-Sv ]p©n-cn-an-√n-se B-bm-SwIp-∂p-Ω¬ k-tcm-Pn-\n (64). am-Xm-hv: \m-cm-bWn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: cmP≥, k-Xo-i≥, Zn-t\i≥, ssi-e-P, X-¶w.

B-bn-i l-Öp-½

Ip-ª-e-hn

ap-l-½-Zv-Ip-«n -

ap-l-½-Zv

I-cp-fm-bn: h-c-Ip-fw ]-tcX-\m-b hm-I-∏-‰ tIm-bbp-sS `m-cy F-c-™n-°pf-h≥ B-bn-i l-÷p-Ω (77). a-°ƒ: ho-cm≥- lmPn, ^m-Øn-a, tam-bn≥-Ip´n, ap-l-Ω-Zv, A-k-bv\m¿, B-an-\, k-°o¿, km-Pn-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ^m-Øn-Ω, ssa-aq-\-Øv, B-an-\, kmPn-Z, a-Ωq´n, k-Pv-\, Ako-kv, ho-cm≥-°p-´n ap-kveym¿.

ap-°w: tXm-´w-sXm-gn-emfn bq-\n-b≥ t\-Xm-hv Fkv-t‰-‰v tK-‰v Nm-en¬ Ip™-e-hn (57). am-Xm-hv: B-ky. `m-cy: B-ky. a°ƒ: km-enw, jm-ln-Z, j-do-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-kod, \-ko¿, A-jv-d-^v. ktlm-Z-c-߃: A-–p¬ dkm-Jv, ap-kv-X-^, l-\o^, Pm-^¿, k-^n-b, Pao-e, kp-ss_-Z, J-Zo-P, \-ko-a.

Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: sX-ßnem≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (68). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: ^m-Øn-a, _o-cm≥-Ip-´n, l-ao-Zv, a-dn-bm-ap, kn-dmPp-±o≥, C-{_m-low, bqk-^v, ku-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zm-en k-Jm-^n, jw-kp-±o≥, \m-k¿ Zm-cn-an, kp-sseJ, ssd-lm-\-Øv, P-eqkn-\.

Iq-fn-am-Sv: ]n.F-®v.C.Un \-∑n-Wn-°-c C F≥ apl-Ω-Zv (sN-dn-b-ap-l-ΩZv˛85). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a. a°ƒ: A-l-Ω-Zv, A–p¬ a-Po-Zv, A-–p¬ \m-k¿, A-_q-_-°¿ kn-±o-Jv (ku-Zn), B-an\, J-Zo-P, B-bn-i. a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, ap-l-Ω-Zv (Xm-Øq¿), A-_-vZp-¬ dlow, dw-e, ssJ-dp-∂ok, d-ko-\, km-_n-d.

tXm-a-kv

b-tim-Z

Ip-ªm-an-\

]p-Xp-∏m-Sn: Im-°-h-b¬ h-b-e-∏-≈n¬ tXm-a-kv (C-®m-®n˛94). `m-cy-: ]-tcX-bm-b G-en-bm-Ω. a°ƒ: D-e-l-∂m≥, X-¶Ω, Nm-t°m, A-∂-Ω, tXm-a-kv ,eo-em-Ω, t__n, tPm-kv.

ap-°w: A-º-e-°-≠n ]p¬-∏-d-ºn¬ cm-Ps‚ `m-cy b-tim-Z (54). a-°ƒ: \n-lm-c, {]-Whv. a-cp-a-I≥: _m-_p (A-co-t°m-Sv).

\-¥n-_-km¿: I-S-eq-cnse ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™mb≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy Xmsg-]m-d-°¬ Ip-™m-an\ (101). a-°ƒ: I-Xn-ø, A-–p-¿d-lv-am≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-sse-am≥, k^n-b.

ssl-{Zp- lm-Pn

ko-X

I¬-∏I-t©-cn: a-®n-ß∏m-db - n-se tNm-e° - ¬ Itf-߬ ssl-{Zp-lm-Pn (63). `m-cy: ssk-\_ - . a°ƒ: ss^-k¬ (A¬sF≥), kp-ld - , l-ko-\. a-cp-a° - ƒ: A-Iv_ - ¿, d-joZv, D-Ωp-l_ - o-_. J-_d - S- °w C-∂p H-ºX - n-\v sN-dnbp-≠w h-St- ° Pp-am-ak - vPn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm- \ - n¬.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: s\-Sp-h tIm-hn-e-Iw Cw-•o-jv aoUn-bw kv-Iq-fn-\p k-ao-]w am-hp-I-≠-Øn¬ ko-X (77). `¿-Øm-hv: ]tc-X-\mb- Nq-e≥. a-°ƒ: N-{μ≥, A-Pn-X, A-\n¬-Ip-am¿, k-\n¬-Ip-am¿, Zn-\n¬, hn\n¬-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tkm-a≥, h-≈n, kp-[, joP, _n-μp, sP- n.

_n-¿m-¯p

tZ-hI - n A-½

tI-fp C-cn-´n: Io-gq¿ sX-cp-hnse sIm-tΩ-cn tI-fp (80). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b am-[-hn. a-°ƒ: kp-temN-\, k-tcm-Pn-\n, tim-`.

Ip-ª-½-Zv t]-cm-{º: a-cp-tX-cn-bnse ]m-∏n-\n-s∏m-bn¬ Ip-™-Ω-Zv (60). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: _jo¿, k-°o-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: jw-ko-\, k-emw I-cp-h-t©-cn. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ip-™-–p-√, sambv-Xn, t]m-°¿, C-{_mlow, \m-k¿, Ip-™-bni, \-^o-k, P-ao-e.

cm-[m-Ir-jv-W³ F-gp-¯-ѳ- -

b-tim-Z

tN-a-t©-cn: Z-^vap-´n-s\ P- \ - I o- b - a m- ° p- ∂ - X n¬ {]-[m-\- ]-¶p-h-ln-® Im∏m-Sv B-e- w ho-´n¬ Al-Ω-ZvIp-´n ap-kveym¿ (95) A¥-cn®p. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v 6.30Hm-sS-bm-bncp-∂p A-¥yw. Zo¿-L-Ime-am-bn tcm-K-_m-[n-X-\mbn-In-S-∏n-em-bn-cp-∂p. Ip-´n-°m-ew ap-X-te Z-^v-ap-´n¬ ]-cn-io-e-\w t\Sn-b C-t±-lw ]n-∂o-Sv A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂ Z-^v-ap-´v ]-cnio-e-I-\m-bn am-dn. tI-c-f kw-Ko-X \m-S-I A-°m-Zan A-hm¿-Uv (1978), tI-c-f t^m-Iv-tem¿ A-°m-Z-an A-hm¿-Uv (2002), tI-c-f t^m-Iv-tem¿ s^-t√m-jn-∏v (2006), tI-c-f am-∏n-f I-em A-°m-Z-an-bp-sS {]-Y-a Jm-kn ap-l-Ω-Zv ]p-c-kv-Im-cw (2004), U¬-ln cm-Pym¥-c hn-]-W-\-ta-f-bn¬ Z-^v-ap-´v A-h-X-cn-∏n-®-Xn-\v {]-[m-\-a-{¥n C-μn-cm-Km-‘n-bn¬ \n-∂v {]-tXy-I ]pc-kv-Im-cw F∂nh e-`n-®n-´p-≠v. ]n-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b No-s‰-S-Øv C-ºn-®n- A-lΩ-Zv- ap-kveym¿. am-Xm-hv: ]-tc-X-bm-b Ip-™o-a. a°ƒ: tIm-b Im-∏m-Sv (Z-^v-ap-´v ]-cn-io-e-I≥), ^mØn-a, ssa-aq-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p-¿d-lvam≥-Ip-´n (sIm-√w), A-–p¬ d-km-Jv (jm¿-P), ku-Z (tN-enb). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: F hn D-Ω¿ ap-kv-eym¿ (sshkv {]-kn-U‚ v k-a-kv-X F ]n hn-`m-Kw tIm-gn-t°mSv), ]-tc-X-cm-b sk-bv-Xp ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kveym¿, A–p¿-d-lvam≥ ap-kveym¿, A-_q-_-°¿ ap-kveym¿, Ip-™m-bn-i. a-øn-Øv \-a-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v Im-∏m-Sv Pp-ap-A-Øv ]-≈n-bn¬.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

]p-d-Øq¿: bp-h-Xn-sb hoSn-\p-≈n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. ]p-dØq¿ ]-≈-n-°-S-hn¬ tamS≥-]-d-ºn-¬ N-{μ-s‚ aIƒ hn-Pn-X(27)bm-Wv a-cn®-Xv. Xr-iq¿ H-f-cn-°-c ]p√-gn kz-tZ-in I-Æ-Øv cmP-\p-am-bn c-≠p-h¿-jw apºm-Wv hn-Pn-X-bp-sS hnhm-lw \-S-∂-Xv. `¿-Øm-hp-am-bn ]ncn-™ hn-Pn-X kz-¥w ho-´n-em-bn-cp-∂p Xm-a-kn®n-cp-∂Xv. C-Xp-kw_-‘-am-bn Xr-iq¿ Ip-Spw-_- tIm-S-Xn-bn¬ tI-kv \ne-hn-ep≠v. ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cq¿ Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´w \-S-Øn. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: aWn-I-WvT≥, hm-k≥, hn-]o-jv.

Z¼-Xn-IÄ A-c- a-Wn-¡q-À hyXym-k-¯n a-cn-¨p tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: hr≤ Z-ºXn-Iƒ A-c-a-Wn-°q¿ hyXym-k-Øn¬ a-cn-®p. ]pXn-b-ßm-Sn ]-g-b-I-Øv Fw sI sam-bv-Xo≥ (75), `m-cy kn Fw a-dn-bw-_n (70) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. a-dn-bw-_n a-cn-®v A-c aWn-°q-dn-\p ti-j-am-Wv sam-bv-Xo≥ tIm-b-bp-sS ac-Ww. a-°ƒ: lw-k (JØ¿), ]-tc-X-\m-b K^q¿, P-ao-e, an≥-k-d-Øv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b l-\o-^, A-ao¿ (ku-Zn), c-l-\ (Ip-‰ym-Sn). J-_-d-S°w C-∂v D-®-bv-°v H-∂n-\v sX-cp-h-Øv Pp-am-a-kv-PnZn¬.

Hm-t«m-dn£-IÄ Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v \-gv-k-dn hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p A-º-e-h-b¬: Hm-t´m-dn-£-Iƒ Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v \-gv-kdn hn-Zym¿-Yn a-cn-®p. ]m-Xn-cn-°-h-e Im-cq¿ Ir-jv-Ws‚ a-I≥ bm-Z-hv (\m-e-c) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v 3.45\v Ip-º-tf-cn-bn-em-Wv A-]-I-S-w. bm-Z-hv A-S-°-ap-≈ hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-sf I-b-‰nt∏mhp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Hm-t´m-dn-£ a-s‰m-cp Hm-t´m-dn-£-bpam-bnen-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ss{U-h¿ kv-an-Øn (25)\v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. C-bm-sf tIm-gn-t°ms´ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®p. bm-Z-hn-s\ I¬∏-‰-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®v {]m-Y-an-I Nn-In-¬kbv-°p ti-jw tIm-gn-t°m-t´°p sIm-≠pt]m-hp-tºm-gm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Ip-º-tf-cn am¿-t_-kn¬ kv-Iqƒ hn-Zym¿-Yn-bm-bn-cp-∂p bm-Z-hv. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ a-‰v Ip-´n-Iƒ-°pw \n- m-c ]-cn-t°-‰p.

A-_q-Z-_n-bn a-cn-¨ bphm-hnsâ a¿n¯v C-¶p \m-«n-se-¯pw

am-´q¬: A-_qZ-_n- en-h-bn¬ hn-√-bv°v Xo-∏n-Sn-®v acn-® am-´q¬ kz-tZ-in-bp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw C-∂p \m-´nse-Øn-®v J-_-d-S-°pw. en-h B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se Po-h\-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂ am-´q¬ ku-Øv A-®n A-l-Ω-Zv-˛ J-Zo-P Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ ap-°-e-I-Øv Pm-_n¿ (26) B-Wv I-gn-™ 11\p a-cn-®-Xv. tPm-en I-gn-s™Øn D-d-ßp-∂-Xn-\n-sS- A-Sp-°-f-bn¬ \n-∂v ]m-N-Ihm-X-Iw tNm¿-∂v Xo-∏n-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. aq∂ph¿-j-am-bn ^m-Ãv- sd‚ v F Im¿ F-∂ ÿm-]-\Øn-s‚ Io-gn-em-Wv Pm-_n¿ en-h B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ tPm-en sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂-Xv. C-∂p cm-hn-se B-dn-\v \m-´nse-Øn-°p-∂ ar-X-tZ-lw am-´q¬ ku-Øv ap-lnbp±o≥ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬ J-_-d-S-°pw.

ho-«p-ap-ä-¯v a-cn-¨\n-e-bn _n-¿p

Jm-ZÀ- -

I-Wm-c³

ap-l-½-Zv A-jv-d-^v

Pm-\-In-b-½

{io-[-c³

in-h-cm-a³ \m-bÀ

_o-^m-¯n-a

Xp-Δq¿: In-fn-°p-∂nse ]-tc-X-\m-b sIm‰-tßm-S≥ aq-k-°p´n-bp-sS a-Iƒ _n-øp (88). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´n, ^m-Øn-a, k-^nb.

F-S-∏mƒ: X-≠n-ew I-fm-SØv ]-tc-X-\m-b _m-∏p-hns‚ a-I≥ Im-Z¿ F-∂ am\p (54). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a°ƒ: im-\-hm-kv, ko-\Øv, k-Io-\. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v 10\v X-≠n-ew Im-St©-cn Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

t]-cm-{º: a-cp-tX-cn-bn-se h-S-s° I-cp-h-t©-cn IWm-c≥ (89). `m-cy: I-eymWn. a-°ƒ: tam-l-\≥, Ko-X, tim-`-\, a-t\m-P≥, jo-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: N-{μ≥, Ip-am-c≥, cm-a-Ir-jv-W≥, A-\n-X, {io-Pn-\.

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: tN-h-c-ºew ]m-em-´p-]-d-º-Øv ]-tcX-\m-b ]n ]n Jm-Z-dn-s‚ aI≥ ]n ]n ap-l-Ω-Zv A-jvd-^v (52). `m-cy-am¿: d-jo-Z _o-hn, dw-e. a-°ƒ: im^n-Z, dp-^v-kn-\, dn-kvhm≥. J_-d-S°w C∂v.

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: Cu-kv-‰vln¬ ssI-em-kv-\-K-dn¬ C-S-h-e-Øv Pm-\-In-b-Ω (77). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b ]n hn P-\m¿-Z-\≥ ta-t\m°n. a-°ƒ: tPym-Xn, tPym¬-k-\, P-b-Xn.

X-e° - p-fØ - q¿: ]-dº - Ø - v Ip-‰n-s∏m-bn¬ {io-[c - ≥ (61). kn.]n.sF ]-dº - Ø - v sh-Ãv {_m-©v Aw-Ka - m-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: c-aW - n-. a-°ƒ: \nj, \o-jva - , A-ºn-fn. a-cp-a°ƒ: {io-\n-hm-k≥, an-\ojv _m-_p, {]-im-¥≥.

]p¬-∏-≈n: G-cn-b-∏≈n hm-gv-ho-´n¬ in-h-cma≥ -\m-b¿ (74). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: ]-flm-£n-b-Ω. a°ƒ: _n-Pp in-h-cm-a≥, {io-P.

_-Zn-b-Sp-°: ]-tc-X\m-b _m-hp-™n-bpsS `m-cy _o-^m-Øn-a (63). a-°ƒ: l-k≥, C-{_m-low, B-_n-Z, km-Pn-Z, k-_o-\, A∂-^, ku-Z.

]n-Xm-hn-s\ sIm-e-s¸-Sp-¯n-b tI-knÂ- A-d-ÌnÂ]q-™m¿-: a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ ]nXm-hn-s\ a¿-±n-®p sIm-e-s∏-SpØn-b tI-kn¬- a-I-s\ ]m-emUn-ssh.F-kv.- ]n-bp-sS t\-Xr-XzØn-ep-≈ t]m-en-kv- A-dà - v- sNbvX - p.- ssI-∏≈ - n- C-Sa - e - \m-´p-It√¬- tPm-Wn-s\(70)- sIm-es - ∏Sp-Øn-b tI-kn-¬ a-I≥- jm-Pn(35)bmWv Ad-Ãn-em-bX - v.kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v- t]m-enkv- ]-d-bp-∂-Xn-ß-s\: ta-kv-Xncn-∏-Wn-°m-c-\m-b jm-Pn- ÿncw- a-Zy-]m-\n-bm-Wv. I-gn-™ 26\v cm-{Xn- H-º-Xn-\v- a-Zy-]ns®Ønb ssjPn k-ao-]-sØ ho-´n¬- A-Xn-{I-an-®p I-b-dn-.- CXv- tNm-ZywsN-bvX - ]nXmhpw jmPn-bpw- X-Ωn¬- hm-t°-‰-ap-≠mhp-I-bpw- tPm¨- jm-Pn-bp-sS k¿-´n-^n-°‰ - p-If - pw- s_-Õpw- ho´p-ap-‰-Øn-´vI-Øn-°pIbpw

jm-Pn sNbvXp.- C-XpI-≠ {]-Xn- hSnsIm-≠v- tPm-Wn-s\ a¿-±n-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- a¿-±-\-Øn¬-hm-cnsb-√p-Iƒ- s]m-´n Kpcp-X-cm-hÿ-bn-emb tPmWns\- _-‘p°ƒ- ]m-em- Xm-eq-°m-ip-]-{Xnbn-epw- ]m-em-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-

ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw- {]-th-in-∏n-®p.B-ip-]-{Xn- A-[n-Ir-X-tcm-Sv- hoW-Xm-sW-∂mWv _-‘p-°ƒ]d-™n-cp∂Xv.- XpS¿∂v tIm-´bw- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pn¬- {]th-in-∏n-®-t∏mƒ- tUm-Iv-S¿-am¿°p-≠m-b kw-i-b-am-Wv- {]-Xnsb ]n-Sn-Iq-Sm≥- k-lm-bIambXv.- Nn-In-¬-k-bn¬- I-gn-b-sh tPm-Wn-\v- \yq-tam-Wnb- _m-[n®p. F-∂m¬- \yq-tam-Wn-b _m[n-®-√ a-cn-Wsa∂pw- a¿-±-\Øn¬- G-‰ ]-cn-°p-aq-e-amsW∂pw- A-t\z-jW - Ø - n¬- hy‡-am-bn.]m-em- Un-ssh.-F-kv-.]n- _nPp- sI kv‰ - o-^\ - pw- Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´ kn-.sF A-tim-Iv- Un- Ip-am¿,- Fkv-.sF Ip-cy≥- am-Xyp- F-∂nhcmWv- jm-Pn-sb A-d-Ãv sNbvXXv.

]-co-£-bv-¡v t]m-hp-¶-Xn-\n-sS Ip-g-ªp-ho-W hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n a-cn-¨p l-cn-∏m-Sv: F-kv.-F-kv.-F¬.kn. ]-co-£-bv-°v t]m-hp-∂-Xn\n-sS Ip-g-™p-ho-W hn-Zym¿Yn-\n a-cn-®p. B-bm-]-d-ºv K-h.l-b¿ -sk-°≥U-dn kv-Iq-fnse 10mw -¢m-kv hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bmb sN-dp-X-\ B-\m-cn \-μ-\Øn¬ {io-Ip-am-dn-s‚ a-Iƒ Bcy({io-°p-´n˛15)bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se ]p-e¿s® \m-e-ctbm-sS h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bnem-Wv ac-Ww. sNm-Δm-gv-N D-®-bv-°v ]-co£bv-°v t]m-hm≥ ho-´n¬ \n∂n-d-ß-sh Ip-g-™pho-W hnZym¿Yn\nsb l-cn-∏m-Sv Xmeq-°m-ip-]-{Xn-bnepw ti-jw h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pnepw {]th-in-∏n-®Xm-bn-cp∂p.- -

X-e-bn-se R-c-ºp-Iƒ Zp¿-_e-am-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ Nn-In¬k-bn-en-cn-s° ikv{X-{Inb \S-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. C-Xn-\p ti-jam-Wv a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®-Xv. kw-kv-Im-cw ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-Øn. am-Xm-hv: P-b-{io.- G-I k-tlm-Z-c≥: B-Zn-Xy≥.

s]-cn-tßmw: X\n-®p-Xm-a-kn-®n-cp-∂-bmsf ho-´p-ap‰-Øv a-cn-®\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. s]-cn-tßmw sN-eIn-se aw-K-e-Øv am-[-h≥]n-≈(66)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. H-cm-gv-N-tbm-fw ]-g-°-ap-≈ ar-X-tZ-lØn¬ ]pgp-hcn-®n-cp-∂p. Zp-¿-K-‘w h-an-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v \m-´pIm¿ ]cntim-[n-®-t∏m-gmWv ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Ønb-Xv. s]-cn-tßmw F-kv.sF. ]n _n k-Po-hv ÿ-esØ-Øn. C-∂p t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\v ti-jw kwkv-I-cn-°pw.

bp-hm-¡Ä B-än ap-§na-cn-¨p Im-´m-°-S: I-c-a-\-bm-‰n¬ Ip-fn°m-\n-d-ßn-b A-©w-K kw-LØn-se _-‘p-°-fm-b c-≠v bphm-°ƒ ap-ßna-cn-®p. B-\-b-d tXm-∏n¬ {io \-μ-\-Øn¬ A\p-cm-Pv (26), B-\-b-d ]p-©n-cn ho-´n¬ k-t¥m-jv-˛-P-b-{io Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-I≥ hn-jv-Wp (22) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v c-t≠m-sS B-cy-\m-Sv B-\-tμ-iz-cw \n-c-∏n≥-Im-e IS-hn-em-Wv A-]-I-Sw. I-h-Sn-bm¿ sl¿-°p-en-kv acp-Xn tjm-dq-an-se Po-h-\-°m-cmb A-\p-cm-Pv, hn-jv-Wp, a-t\m-Pv (31), _n-\p (26), ssl-k¨ (33) F-∂n-hcmWv C-∂-se 12Hm-sSB-cy-\m-s´-Øn-b-Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v

I-S-hn¬ Ip-fn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS hnjv-Wphns\ k-ao-]-sØ I-bØne-I-s∏-´p ImWm-Xm-bn. c£n-°m-\nd-ßnb A\p-cm-Pns\bpw Im-Wm-Xmb-tXmsS kplr-Øp-°ƒ \n-e-hn-fn-®p. DS≥ k-ao-]hmkn-Iƒ F-Øn Xnc-®n¬ \-S-Øn-sb-¶n-epw c-£n°m-\m-bn-√. s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv ^b¿tÃ-j-\n-se Po-h-\-°m-cpw \m-´p-Im-cpw t]m-en-kpw tN¿-∂v \-S-Øn-b Xn-c-®n-en¬ 3.30Hm-sS ar-X-tZ-l-߃ I-s≠-Sp-°pIbm-bn-cp∂p. s\-Sp-a-ßm-Sv Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn bnse-Øn® ar-X-tZl-߃ C-∂v t]m-kv-‰vtam-¿-´Øn-\v ti-jw _-‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-°pw.

C{k-¯v P-lm³ hym-P G-äp-ap-«Â; A-an-Xv jm-bv-¡v kn._n.sF. t\m-«o-kv A-lva-Zm-_m-Zv: 2004se C-{kØv P-lm≥ hym-P G-‰p-ap-´¬ tI-kn¬ Kp-P-dm-Øv ap-Jy-a-{¥n \-tc{μ-tam-Un-bp-sS k-lmbnbm-b A-an-Xv jm-bv-°v kn._n.sF. tImSXn Imc-Ww Im-Wn°¬ t\m-´o-k-b®p. tI-kn¬ {]-Xn tN¿-°m-Xncn-°m≥ Im-c-W-ap-s≠-¶n¬ Adn-bn-°m-\m-Wp \n¿-tZiw. A∂-sØ A-lva-Zm-_m-Zv t]m-enkv I-Ωo-j-W¿ sI B¿ Iujn-°n\pw t\m-´o-k-b-®n-´p≠v. sIm√-s∏-´ Pm-th-Zn-s‚ ]nXm-hv tKm-]n-\m-Yv ]n-≈ k-a¿∏n-® l-c-Pn-bn-em-Wv \-S]Sn.


8

thÀ-]mSv

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

15 am¿®v 2014 i\n

Im-Wm-Xm-b- Krl-\m-Ysâ ar-X-tZ-lw PoÀ-Wn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

A-Ðp d-jo-Zv

kp-Ip-am-c³ \m-bÀ

ktcm-Pn\n

apc-fo-[c³

in-h-Zmk³

te-J

A-\nÂ-Ip-amÀ

sIm-√w: Xm-a-c-°p-fw Xm-ln-dm a≥-kn-en¬ A–p¬ d-jo-Zv(72). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 11\v tPm-\-I-∏p-dw hen-b ]-≈n-bn¬. `m-cy: ku-Zm _o-hn. a°ƒ: \-ko¿, \u-jm-Zv, Xm-lm-Ip-´n, Xm-ln-d, sj-Po-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lm-co-kv _m_p, jm-Pn, a-Rv-Pp, \nj, B-an-\.

sh-≈-d-S: t{X-kym-]pcw \m-dm-Wn {io-`-h\n¬ dn-´. Sn.F≥.C._n. Po-h-\-°m-c≥ kp-Ip-amc≥ \m-b-¿ (65). `m-cy: {]-k-∂-Ip-am-cn. a-°ƒ: {io-I-e, {io-I-WvT≥, {io-e-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-Pb-Ip-am¿, B-i, Intjm¿ Ip-am¿.

sh-™m-d-aqSv: I√-d Im´pw-]p-dw X-S-Ø-cnI-Øv ho-´n¬ hm-a-tZh-s‚ `mcy k-tcm-Pn-\n (82). a°ƒ: cmPp, t__n, Dj, _m_p. a-cp-aIƒ: Bi.

Im-´m°-S: Ip-‰n-®¬ hmg∏-≈n sIm-´mc-Øv \-S {]-km-Zv `-h-\n¬ ap-c-fo[-c≥ (54). `mcy: {ioeX. a°ƒ: {]-kmZv, i-cWy. a-cp-aI≥: {]-Zo-]v.

tIm-hfw: sNm-Δ-c ]-\\n-∂ ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ inh-Zm-k≥ (66). `m-cy: e-fnX. a°ƒ: jmPn, jo-P (]tc-X), jn_p. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-Pn-X, c-P-\n.

tIm-hfw: sh-ßm-\q¿ In-Sm-c-°p-gn ]-≈n-hnfmI-Øv ho-´n¬ i-in-Ipam-dn-s‚ `m-cy te-J (48). a°ƒ: {im-h¨, i-c¨.

hn-P-b³ \m-bÀ

{]-`m-I-c³ \m-bÀ

Ip-‰n-®¬: sXm-gp-Øn≥I-c cm-[m-`-h-\n¬ A\n¬-Ip-am¿ (46). _n.sP.]n. Ip-‰n-®¬ ]©mb-Øv I-Ωn-‰n {]-knU‚m-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: Aºnfn. aI≥: I-Æ-≥.

t{]-a-N-{µ³-]n-Å I-S-bv-°¬: am-t¶m-Sv hnt√-Pn¬ h-S-a-‰-Øv hn-Pb a-μn-c-Øn¬ t{]-a-N{μ≥-]n-≈(49). `m-cy: hn-P-b-Ip-am-cn. a-°ƒ: {]-ho¨, hn]n≥.

tUm.Jmen-Zv au-em-\m s\-Spw-Ip-∂w: C-kv-em-an-

I ]-fin-X≥ sX-≈nbn¬ ho-´n¬ tUm. Jmen-Zv au-em-\m (67). J-_d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 10.30\v s\-Spw-Ip-∂w Ppam a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬. ]-tc-X≥ bq-\m-\n tUm-Œ-dm-bn {]m-Œo-kv sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: P-ao-e_o-hn. a-°ƒ: l-_o-_v d-lv-am≥, AUz. A-Øo-Jv d-lv-am≥, ap-_m-d-Iv d-lv-am≥, ap-jvØm-Jv d-lv-am≥, h-ln-Zm sd-bv-lm≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: apl-Ω-Zv lm-cn-kv (Nm-aw-]Xm¬), k-_o-\, dn-^m-\, _o-am, j-_m-\m. N-ß-\m-t»-cn, s\-Spw-Ip∂w, ap-≠-°-bw, Ip-a-fn, aq-∂m¿, s]m-≥-Ip-∂w, Nn-‰m¿, ]-¥-fw Xp-S-ßnb ÿ-e-ß-fn¬ J-Øo_m-bn tk-h-\w A-\p„n-®n-´p-≠v. P-am-A-Øv Iu¨-kn¬ kw-ÿm-\ I-Ωn-‰n Aw-Kw, s\-Spw-Ip∂w P-am-A-Øv {]-knU‚ v F-∂o \n-e-I-fnepw tk-h-\-a-\p-„n-®n-´p≠v.

acbv-¡mÀ tIm-X-aw-Kew: s\√p°p-gn Ipw-_-I-∏n-≈n a-cbv-°m¿ (85). a°ƒ: kplvv-d, J-Zo-P, an-kdn, _jo¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: sk-bvZp-ap-l-Ω-Zv, _m-h, B-an\. J-_-dS-°w C-∂v cmhn-se 10\v X-´p-]d-ºv Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n-¬ \-S-°pw.

A-¶-½ ]p¬-∏-≈n: h-b-\m-Sv Un.kn.kn. {]-kn-U‚ v sI F¬ ]u-tem-kn-s‚ am-Xm-hpw ]m-f-s°m-√n tem-\-∏-s‚ `m-cybpam-b A-∂-Ω (81). kw-kv-Imcw C∂v aq-∂n-\v sk-‚ v ta-cn-kv s^m-tdm-\m ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn-¬.

AUz. F³ _m-e-Ir-jv-W³ \m-bÀ

I-S-bv-°¬: ko-\ a-≥kn-en¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv \q-lv (69). `m-cy: d-lvam _ohn. a-°ƒ: ko-\-Øv, \njm-Zv, jm-ln-Z, kp-a-ø. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-enw au-ehn, A-bq-_v au-e-hn, kp-sse-am≥ au-e-hn, jo-\.

Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw: tI-ih-Zm-k-]pcw sF-iz-cy \K-dn¬ ku-]¿-Wn-I-bn¬ AUz. F≥ _m-e-Irjv-W≥ \m-b¿ (75). `m-cy: tUm. Pn Ir-jv-WIp-am-cnb-Ω. aI≥: tUm. A-cp¨ _n \mb¿. a-cp-aIƒ: tUm. sP tZhnI.

a-tl-iz-c³ B-im-cn

Icp-Wm-I-c³ \mbÀ

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]pcw: \∂m-´p-Im-hv B-im-cn-hnfm-Iw _n-\n-Xm `-h-\n¬ a-tl-iz-c≥ B-im-cn (68). `m-cy: X-¶-Ω. a-°ƒ: _n-Pp, _n-\p. a-cp-a°ƒ: \n-j, _o-\.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]pcw: Im-®mWn e-£v-an `-h-\n-¬ Icp-Wm-I-c≥ \m-b¿ (92). `m-cy: Hm-a-\ A-Ω. a-°ƒ: cm-tP-{μ≥ \mb¿ (]tc-X≥), k-c-kz-Xn (]tcX), tKm-]m-e-Ir-jvW≥ \m-b¿, k-Xo-j≥ \m-b¿, hn-P-b-e-£van. acp-a°ƒ: ]-fl-Ip-amcn, cho-{μ≥ \-bm¿, kp-Ipamcn, {]-k-∂-Ip-amcn, _m-_p-\mb¿.

ap-l-½-Zv \q-lv

t{X-kym-½ B-bq¿: sN-dn-b-sh-fn-\√q¿ \-t√-∏-d-ºn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b B-{≠q-kn-s‚ `m-cy t{X-kym-Ω (82). a-°ƒ: en-k, Ip-cn-bmt°m-kv, B‚-Wn (C-¥y≥ sd-bn-¬-th), tam-fn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip-´∏≥, en-kn, ssk-\p, kmw-Ip-´n.

sam-b-X v p

Xp-Δq¿: ]-≈n-∏d - º - v Ppam-ak - vP - n-Zn-\p k-ao-]sØ Iq-Øp-]d - º - ≥ ssk-Xe - h - n (60). `m-cy: ^m-Øn-a.

t_m-hn-°m\w: dn-´. Btcm-Ky-hI - p-∏v Po-h\ - ° - mc≥ _m-e\ - S- p°-sØ sam-bvX - p (62). ]n-Xmhv: A-_vZ- p¿-dl - va - m≥. `m-cyam¿: k-^n-b, _o^mØ-a. a°ƒ: jmln≥, jw-ko-\, d-^oJv. a-cp-a°ƒ: I-cow, jm-°nkp-tc-jv d, k-^oe. k-tlm-Zc - I-S-bv-°¬: th-ß-hn-f - p¬ Jm-Z¿ - , ho-´n¬ kp-tc-jv(24). ]n- ߃: A-_vZ Xm-hv: ]p-cp-j≥. am-Xm-hv: \-^o-k, ssk\-_, Bbn-i, B-an-\, km-d. D-j.

sh-fp-¯-Ip-ªv

Im-knw dm-hp-¯À

Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw: ta{]ma-Øv ho-´n¬ hn-Pb≥ \m-b¿ (62). `mcy: Pb-Ip-amcn. a°ƒ: {]-k∂-Ip-am¿, A-RvP-\. acp-aI≥: kp-`mjv.

ssk-X-e-hn

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: tIm-gnt°m-Sv ]-Wn-°¿-I-S-hv hm-te¬ ho-´n¬ sh-fpØ-Ip-™v(84). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b im-c-Z. a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b at\m-l-c≥, a-t\m-cmP≥, cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥, _m-_p (ap≥ {Km-a-]©m-b-Øv Aw-Kw, Z-enXveo-Kv Pn-√m {]-kn-U‚ v), {io-I-e, i-in-I-e. B-\-µ-h-Ãn a-cp-a-°ƒ: Hm-a-\ (So-®¿ Hm-bq¿: ]p-∂-t°m-Sv \n-c- K-h: F¬.]n.F-kv. ∏p-hn-f-ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m- tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), I-e, knb A-\n-cp-≤-s‚ `m-cy ‘p, k-Xo-i≥ (t]m-enB-\-μ-h-√n (59). a-°ƒ: kv s{S-bn-\n-Mv Iymw-]v, kp-tc-jv Ip-am¿, c-P-\n, k-Po-hv, a-cp-a-°ƒ: Nn-{X- Xr-iq-¿), I-a-em-k-\≥ (sI.-Fw.Fw.F¬). te-J, {]-km-Zv,-te-J.

Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw: sNºg-¥n P\-Xm tdm-Un¬ k-‘ym-`-h-\n¬ {]-`m-Ic≥ \m-b¿ (71). `mcy: C-μn-c. a-°ƒ: k-‘ym-tamƒ, bap-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: _m_p, amb.

tPm-k-^v Bâ-Wn

tIm-´m-߬: A-ºm-´v Ip-t∂¬ Im-knw dm-hpØ¿(76). `m-cy: \-_o-k. a-°ƒ: _-jo¿, A-–p¬ P-∫m¿ (πm-k Dw-d k¿ho-kv), C-eym-kv, bq-\pkv, ssj-e-P, jm-ln-Z. acp-a-°ƒ: \u-jm-Zv, knbm-Zv au-e-hn, kp-ss_-Z, k-Po-\, j-co-^, sj-an.

]-ºm-hm-en: aq-e-°-bw th-´¿-ap-dn-bn¬ tPm-k^v B‚-Wn (tPm-kv ˛ 57). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 3\v Xp-em-∏-≈n am¿-tØm-am…o-lm ]-≈n- ska-n-tØcnbn¬. `m-cy: a-dn-bm-Ω. a-°ƒ: Pn-tPm (H-am≥), tPm-Pn, ]-tc-X-bm-b tPm_n. a-cp-a-Iƒ: Zo-]v-Xn.

Xn-cp-¼³

kp-Ip-am-c³ \m-bÀ

cm-h-tW-iz-cw: B-ZyIm-e tIm¨-{K- v {]h¿-Ø-I≥ sh-≈-¥-´tIm-f-\n-bn-se Xn-cpº≥ (75). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b Im-cn-®n. a-°ƒ: I-eym-Wn, Ir-jv-W≥. acp-a-°ƒ: cm-a≥, X-¶-aWn.

Im-™-ßm-Sv: G-gmwssa-en-se Fw kp-Ip-amc≥ \m-b¿ ]m-Sn-b-c (85). `m-cy-: _m-em-a-WnA-Ω. a-°ƒ: -]n cm-Lh≥ \m-b¿, ]n ]-fl-\m`≥ \m-b¿ (B-[m-cw Fgp-Øv, cm-P-]p-cw), ]-fln\n.

Ip-ªm-an X-et- »-cn-: tKm-]m-et- ∏-´ dn-Iva - m-kn¬- ]-≈° - ≥Ip-™m-an (70). `¿-Ømhv:- ]-tc-X\ - m-b ]n- hn- Al-ΩZ- v.- a-°ƒ-: ap-\o¿-,- jlo¿--.- a-cp-a° - ƒ-: F≥- hnjm-°n-d,- dn-kve - n- .- ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ-: lm-jnw-,dw-e.- J-_d - S- ° - w- C-∂v D®-bv° - v H-∂n-\v- ssk-Zm¿-]≈ - n- J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

kuZn-bn a-cn-¨p ]m-≠-\m-Sv: Xr-iq¿ Hm-´p-

]m-d A-ar-X \-K¿ ]p-Ipt∂¬ sP-bnw-kv ]n amXyp-hn-s‚ `m-cy A-∂-Ω A-e-Iv-km-≠¿ (P-b-˛35) ku-Zn-bn¬ \yp-tam-Wnb _m-[n-®v a-cn-®p. t\-gvkm-bn-cp-∂p. a-I≥: ª ≥.

ap-l-½-Zv ap-t≈-cn-b: In-∂nw-Kmdn-se tIm-Sn-aq-e sI F®v ap-l-Ω-Zv (63). `m-cy: B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: A-jv-d^v, _-jo¿, dp-Jn-b, \ko-a, ssa-aq-\, km-d, \ko-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-eow, C-kv-am-Cu¬, A-jv-d-^v , e-Øo-^v, \m-kn¿.-

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: c-≠p-Zn-hkw ap-ºv Im-Wm-Xm-b Kr-l-\m-Y-s\ a-cn-® \n-ebn¬ I-s≠-Øn. ar-X-tZl-Øn-\v c-≠p Zn-h-ksØ ]-g-°-ap-≠v. ]msN-Ã-½ emw-tIm-Ww k-_o-\ Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: A-bn- a≥-kn-en¬ ssk-\p-±o-≥ cq-∏m-d a-cp-Xpw-aq-Sv Np-a-Sp (55)s\-bm-Wv a-cn-® \n-eXm-ßn ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m- bn¬ I-≠-Xv. b {io-[-c-s‚ `m-cy sN-√I-gn-™ 11\m-Wv ImΩ (89). Wm-Xm-hp-∂-Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v _-‘p-°ƒ t]m-en-kn¬ ]-cm-Xn-bpw \¬-In. t]m-en-kpw _-‘p-°-fpw C-bmA-¨m-½ ]u-tem-kv Hm-bq¿: sN-dn-b sh-fn-\- sf I-s≠-Øp-∂-Xn-\p-≈ A-t\z-j-W-Øn-te¿-s∏√q¿ Ip-∂q¿ _w-•m-hn¬ ´n-cn-s° C-∂-se cm-hn-se th-¶-a-e-bv-°v k-ao-]w H]-tc-X-\m-b sI F-kv cp kz-Im-cy hy-‡n-bp-sS d-_¿ tXm-´-Øn¬ ar-X-tZ]u-tem-kn-s‚ `m-cy A- lw Im-W-p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw In-S-∂n-cp-∂®m-Ω ]u-tem-kv (X-¶-Ω- Xn-\v k-ao-]-Øp-≈ a-c-Øn-¬ Ip-Sp-°n-´ \n-e-bn¬ ˛90). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D- I-b-dpw I-s≠-Øn. Po¿-Wn-® i-co-c-Øn¬ \n-∂pw ®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v B-bq¿ X-e th¿-s∏-´v I-b-dn¬ \n-∂pw Xm-sg ho-W-Xm-bnim-temw am¿-tØm-Ωm ]- cn-°p-sa-∂m-Wv A-\p-am-\w. \m-´p-Im-cn-sem-cm-fm-Wv ≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a- ar-X-tZ-lw B-Zy-am-bn I-s≠-Øn t]m-en-kn¬ A°ƒ: G-en-bm-Ω, tXm-adn-bn-®-Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v t]m-en-sk-Øn C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-Skv t]mƒ, ta-gv-kn, t{KØn ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-Ãp-tam¿-´-Øn-\-b-®p. `m-cy: \kn, kmw-k¨ t]mƒ, B-\n, h-’, jo-e. a-cp-a- ko-a. a-°ƒ: sj-ao¿, lm-jnw, j-Pv-\, k-^v-\. °ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b sI ]n ss\-\m≥, eo-em-Ω, sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv: a-c-Øn¬\n-∂p ho-Wv ]-cnhn F¬ tPm¨, Fw Um-\n-tb¬, F-en-k-_- t°-‰v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. s]Øv, ]-tc-X-\m-b sI Sn cp-ºp-g hn-th-Iv \n-hm-kn¬ k-Xy-]m-e-s‚ a-I≥ hn]p-∂q-kv, tdm-bn h¿-Kot\m-Zv (35) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. kv, tPm-kv-am-Xyq. I-ip-h-≠n ]-dn-°m≥ a-c-Øn¬ I-b-d-th Xm-sg ho-gp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-]-I-S-sØXp-S¿-∂v C-bm-sf sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-se-Øn-®p. Nn-In-¬-k-bn-en-cns° I-gn-™-Zn-h-kw a-c-W-s∏-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. arX-tZ-lw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv tam¿-®-dn-bn¬ t]mÃp--tam¿-´w \-S-Øn _-‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-sIm-Sp-Øp. t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

a-c-¯nÂ\n-¶p ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

bphmhv Xq-§n-a-cn-¨p ^n-en-¸v hÀ-Ko-kv Xn-cp-h-√: Im-c-°¬ Im™n-°m-hn¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw ]-tc-X-\m-b sI sF ^n-en-∏n-s‚ a-I≥ A-gn-bn-S-Øv Nn-d sXt°-S-Øv t{K-kv hn-√bn¬ ^n-en-∏v h¿-Ko-kv (X-¶-®≥-˛68). kw-kv-Imcw ]n-∂o-Sv. `m-cy: Im-c°¬ B-Zn-®≥ ]-d-ºn¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw ta-cn. a°ƒ: B-\n an-\n tXm-akv Ip-cy≥, en-\n. a-cp-a°ƒ: Im-c-°¬ a-Wen¬ tPm-bn-°p-´n, tPmtam≥.

]-Xv-a-\m-`³

Ir-jv-W³Ip-ªv

th-em-bp-[³-]n-Å

hm-kp-tZ-h³-]n-Å

en-Ãn

G-en-¡p-«n

P-ao-e

a√-∏≈n: \m-c-I-Øm-\n Ir-jv-W-I-e-bn¬ (A-°c-°m-´n¬) hn-ap-Iv-X-`-S≥ F B¿ ]-Xv-a-\m-`≥(94). `mcy: e-£v-an-°p-´n (Io-gv hm-bv-]q-cv ta-te-ta-{]-Øv Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw). a°ƒ: i-inI-e, _m-_p IrjvW-I-e (No-^v F-Un‰¿, _n t^m¿ _n¬-UnMv), ]-tc-Xbm-b h¬ke. a-cp-a°ƒ: c-ho-{μ≥, kp-tc-{μ≥, KoX.

tN¿-Ø-e: X-Æo¿-ap-°w ]-©m-b-Øv aq-∂mwhm¿Un¬ sh-≈n-bm-Ip-fw ac-ßm-´p \n-I¿-Øn¬ Irjv-W≥Ip-™v (84). -kw-kv-Im-cw \-S-Øn. `mcy: Nn-∂-Ω. -a-°ƒ: D-Z-bΩ, -{]-k-∂, -ap-c-fo-[-c≥, -a-Wn-°p-´n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥,- lcn-Zm-kv,- _n-μp.

am-∂m¿: Ip-c-´n-ti-cn {]k-∂-`-h-\n¬ hn th-embp-[≥-]n-≈(82). `m-cy: am-th-en-°-c sh-´n-bm¿ sX-t°-‰-Øv Ip-Spw-_mwKw ao-\m-£n-b-Ω. a°ƒ: {]-`-Ip-am¿, {]-k∂-Ip-am¿, {]-k-∂-Ip-amcn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I-\-I-Ω, {io-tZ-hn, kp-tc-{μ≥.

Im-bw-Ip-fw: s]-cn-ßme {io-`-h-\-Øn¬ _n-Pphn-s‚ `m-cy en-√n (35). aI≥: Im-in-\m-Y≥.

C-{_m-low- lm-Pn

sXm-Sp]pg: s\-Sp-ßm-´v Np-≠w-X-S-Øn¬ tPmWn-s‚ `m-cy G-en-°p-´n (85). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p -D-®-I-gn™v 2.30\p Imh-°m-Sv sk‚ v ta-co-kv ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: tPm¿-Pv, ]tc-Xbm-b ¢m-cΩ, tPmbn, P-bnw-kv, eo-kmΩ,tPmWn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-Xbm-b ta-cn, tPmWn ]-d-b-∂n-ew, h¬-k h-en-b-ho-´n¬- ]-d-ºn¬, h¬k-Ω Hm-S-bv-°¬, sS- n ss]-I-S. ]tc-X I-S-hq¿ Im-´-dp-Ip-Sn-bn¬ Ip-Spw-_mwKw.

sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿: A-got°m-Sv ]p-Ø≥-]-≈n ]-Sn-™m-sd Iq-‰n¬ Im-kn-an-s‚ `m-cy P-aoe(52). a-°ƒ: A-–p-d-lnw, kn-±o-Jv, Xz-øn-_v. a-cp-a-Iƒ: ^m-Øn-a.

tZ-h-In A-½

\q-d-\m-Sv: D-f-hp-°m-Sv ]p¥-e-ho-´n¬ h-S-t°-∏p-cbn¬ ({io-`-h-\w) hm-kptZ-h≥]n-≈ (62). Np-a-´psXm-gn-em-fn bq-\n-b≥ (kn.sF.Sn.bp) Aw-K-ambn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn\n-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: {io-e-X, {io-P, {io-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: Ir-jv-W-Ip-am¿, N{μ-ti-J-c≥-\m-b¿, tcWp-I.

_o-^m-¯n-a _-Zn-b-Sp-°: ]-tc-X-\mb _m-hp-™n-bp-sS `mcy _o-^m-Øn-a (63). a°ƒ: l-k≥, C-{_m-low, B-_n-Z, km-Pn-Z, k_o-\, A-∂-^, ku-Z.

]-ø-∂q¿: Ip-™n-aw-Kew I-≠w Ip-f-ß-c-bnse ssI-{]-Øv sXs°ho-´n¬ tZ-h-In AΩ (86). ]-tc-X-\m-b F Ip-™n-°-Æ≥ \m-b-cpsS (cm-h-Wo-iz-cw) `m-cybm-Wv.

am-\-¥-hm-Sn: sI-√q¿ al-√v I-Ωn-‰n c-£m-[nIm-cn-bpw kn a-Ωq-´n Fw.-F¬.-F.bp-sS ]nXm-hp-am-b N-°-c C{_m-low- lm-Pn (89). sI-√q¿ a-l-√v ap≥ -{]kn-U‚m-bn-cp∂p.

e-£-van Xr-Øm-e: Ip-a-c-\-√q¿ {_-“-\-I-Øv ]-tc-X-\mb A-∏p-Æn-bp-sS `m-cy sIm-Sp-ap-≠ s]-cp-º-dt°m-´n¬ e-£v-an (67). a°ƒ: cm-[, ko-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-P≥, N-{μ-≥.

b-tim-Z ]-ø-∂q¿: Xm-bn-t\-cn-bnse ]m-Sm-t®-\n b-tim-Z (64). `¿-Øm-hv: A-\-¥≥ Imc-W-h¿. a-°ƒ: {io-P, {io-e-X, {io-\n-hm-k≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-ºm≥, _m_p Ip-t∏-cn, c-ln-\. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: cm-a-N{μ≥, P-\m¿-±-\≥, Zmtam-Z-c≥, cm-Po-h≥, ]fln-\n, iym-a-f, ]-tc-X\m-b th-Wp-tKm-]m-e≥.

tI-fp C-cn-´n: Io-gq¿ sX-cp-hnse sIm-tΩ-cn tI-fp (80). `m-cy: am-[-hn.

dm-t^Â ]p-Xp-°m-Sv: Ip-f-ß-c ]p-fn-°≥ dm-t^-¬(76). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v ]pXp-°m-Sv s^m-tdm-\- ]≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: an-\n, Um-\n, kn-\n, tKm-Uv-{^o. a-cp-a-°ƒ: h¿-Ko-kv, sP-bnw-kv, tkm-f-a≥.

Hm-bq¿: bp-hm-hn-s\ In-S-∏p-ap-dn-bn¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. A-º-ew-Ip-∂v k-Pn `-h-\n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b i-in-[-c-s‚ a-I≥ k-Pn(38) B-Wv a-cn®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v \m-tem-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂p kw-`hw. ho-´p-Im-cp-am-bp-≠m-b hm-°p-X¿-°-sØ Xp-S¿∂v In-S-°-ap-dn-bn¬ I-b-dn hm-Xn-e-S-® k-Pn ta¬°q-c-bn¬ Xq-ßp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ho-´p-Im¿ _-l-fw h-®-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v A-b¬-hm-kn-Iƒ Hm-Sn-°q-Sn sI-´-dp-Øv kz-Im-cyB-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶nepw Po-h≥ c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. ]q-b-∏-≈n t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp. `m-cy-: -kp-P.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

Hm-bq¿: a-[y-h-b-kv-I-s\ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn. A-º-ew-Ip-∂v ssI-X-bn¬ ]-¶-Pv `-h\n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-¶-Pm-£-s‚ a-I≥ km-Pp (46)B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se P-Mv-j-\n¬\n-∂v Xn-cn-s®-Ønb C-bmƒ ho-´n-\p-≈n¬ I-b-dn I-X-I-S-°p-I-bm-bncp-∂p. ho-´p-Im¿ D-®-`-£-Ww I-gn-°m≥ hn-fn-°ms\-Øn-b-t∏m-gm-Wv C-bm-sf ho-Sn-s‚ ta¬-°q-cbn¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. ]q-b-∏≈n t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzo-I-cn-®v ar-X-tZlw t]mÃp-tam¿-´-Øn-\m-bn sIm-´m-c-°-c Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°v am-‰n. am-Xm-hv: Hm-a-\. kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 12\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

Im-WmXm-b bp-hm-hn-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw I-s−-¯n

hm-Øp-cp-Øn: A-©p-Znh-kw ap-ºv Zp-cq-l-km-lN-cy-Øn¬ Im-WmXm-b bp-hm-hn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Øn. hm-Øp-cpØn hen-b a-c-Øn-¶n¬ sk-_m-kv-‰n≥ A-a-tcins‚ (k-_m-´n˛ 39) arX-tZ-l-am-Wv A-gpIn-b \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-bXv. I-gn-™ Rm-b-dmgv-Nbm-Wv k-_m-´n-sb Im-Wm-Xm-b-Xv. C-Xp-kw-_-‘n®v ho-´p-Im¿ t]m-enkn¬ ]-cm-Xn-\¬-In-bn-cp-∂p. C∂-se cm-hn-se G-gpaWn-tbm-sS hm-Øp-cp-Øn sd-bn¬-tht{Im-kn-\p k-ao-]-ap-f-f s]m-¥-°m-Sn-\Sp-Øm-Wv \m-´p-Im¿ ar-tXZ-lw I≠-Xv. X-e-bp-sS ]n≥-`mK-Øv B-g-Øn-ep-f-f ap-dn-hp-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xmbn ]-d-bp-∂p. a-c-W-Øn¬ Zp-cq-l-X-bp-s≠-∂p ImWn-®v ho-´p-Im¿ t]m-enkn¬ ho≠pw ]-cm-Xn \¬In. `m-cy: {^m≥ko-\. a-°ƒ: {]n≥-kv, \nΩn.

hr-²-Z-¼-Xn-I-Ä ho-Sn-\p k-ao-]w a-cn-¨ \n-e-bn iym-a-f

a-dn-bm-½

cm-a-Ir-jv-W-]n-Å

B-e-∏p-g: Im-´q¿ k¿thm-Z-b-]p-cw ]p-tØ-gØv (N-°p-¶¬) kn Un tI-c-f-cm-P-s≥-d (Hm-a-\°p-´≥) `m-cy ]n hn iyma-f (47). a-Iƒ: kn sI B-cy-tZ-hn. k-©-b-\w 20\v ssh-Io-´v aq-∂n-\v.

]p∂-then: s]-cp-º≈n-°m-´v ]-tc-X\m-b ]n hn Ip-cy-s‚ `m-cy adn-bm-Ω(87). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf sshIo-´v aq-∂n\v sk-‚ v Pbnw-kv kn.-F-kv.sF. sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. ]tcX A-ºm-´v h-´-®m-°¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-K-amWv. a°ƒ: tUm. h¿-Ko-kv Ip-cy≥ (\yq-kn-e≥Uv), tPm¿-Pv Ip-cy≥, ]-tcXbmb tamfn. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]n kn Nmt°m, am¿-Kc-‰v A-em¿kv (Hm-kv-t{Xenb), ao\p (kn.-Fw.F-kv.F®v.F-kv, ]p-∂-th-en).

sN-ß-∂q¿: A-ßm-Sn-bv°¬ th-ßq¿ ho-´n¬ _n F≥ -cm-a-Ir-jv-W-]n≈ (77). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 11.-30\v ho-´ph-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: N-{μ-a-Xnb-Ω, a-°ƒ: _n-μp, {ioI-e, am-bm-e-£v-an. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-t¥m-jv, E-intI-iv, _n-Pp.

Ip-«-¸³ tN¿-Ø-e: \-K-c-k-` 16mw hm¿-Uv \n-I¿-Øn¬ ]p-Ø≥-ho-´n¬ sI ]n Ip-´-∏≥ (74). `m-cy: cm-[. a-°ƒ: km-_p (Pn-√m C≥-jp-d≥-kv Hm-^n-kv F-d-Wm-Ip-fw),- P-b≥, -eX,- I-Æ≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cXn,- A-Rv-Pp (sI.-C.Im¿-a¬ kv-Iqƒ ap-lΩ),- kp-tc-jv,- B-Xn-c.-

kp-sse-am³ apkveymÀ hm-fm-Sv: tN-cy-aq-e h≈n Ip-™-Ω-Xn-s‚-bpw sIm-∏-c B-bn-i-bp-sSbpw a-I≥ kp-sse-am≥ ss^-kn (39). In-\meq¿, I-√m-®n , sh-≈nem-Sn F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ J-Øo-_m-bn tk-h-\w sN-bv-Xn-´p-≠v.

]qt¡m-b X-§Ä Nm-h-°m-Sv: I-S-∏p-dw ]p-

kp-Ip-am-c³

-ImÀ-Xym-b-\n

Ir-jv-W³-Ip-«n

im-c-Z

Xn-b-ßm-Sn _p-Jm-d-bn¬ Io-∏m-´v ]q-t°m-b X-߃ (70). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v 10\v _p-Jm-dm ]-≈n J_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `m-cy: \^o-k _o-hn. a-°ƒ: B-_n-Zo≥ X-߃, Cuk X-߃, sk-°o-\ _o-hn, k-ao-d _o-hn, lm-jnw X-߃. a-cp-a°ƒ: km-_n-d _o-hn, jn-_n-en X-߃, ap-lΩ-Zv d-^o-Jv, \-Pv-ap-∂o-k _o-hn, \m-kn-l _o-hn.

I-≠-»mw-I-S-hv: ]-Sn-bw Iq-´m-e ]m-d-s‚ a-I≥ sI ]n kp-Ip-am-c≥(77). apw-ss_ Jm-Zn B‚ v hnt√-Pv C≥-U-kv-{Sn-kn-s‚ I-Ωo-j-W-td-‰n¬ D-tZymK-ÿ-\m-bn-cp-∂p. kw-kv-Im-cw am¿-®v 16 Rm-b-dm-gv-N 10\v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬. `m-cy: A-Pn-X. a-°ƒ: kp-Pn-Øv (bp.Fkv.F), kv-an-X(apss_). a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-a, A-P-bv.

a-e-bm-‰q¿: hn-f-ßm-´n¬ kp-{_-“-Wy≥ `m-cy Im¿-Xym-b-\n (84). Iq-h∏-Sn t]m-´-t»-cn Ip-Spw_mw-K-am-Wp ]-tc-X.-kwkv-Im-cw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\p a-e-bm-‰q¿(Cu-Ãv) F-kv.-F≥.-Un.]n. iv-aim-\-Øn¬. a-°ƒ: k-ckp, k-hn-X, P-b-e-£v-an, k-Xo-i≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: NnZw-_-c≥, X-ºn, hn-Pb≥, P-e-P.

sIm-®n: sN-dm-bn ]-t√m°m-Sv am-[-h≥ a-I≥ -Irjv-W≥-Ip-´n (75). kw-kv°m-cw \-S-Øn. a-°ƒ: jn-\n, jn-Pn, kn-t\m-Pv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-a¬, A\n¬-Ip-am¿, \o-\p-knt\m-Pv.

F≥. ]-d-hq¿: s]-cp-º-S∂ sIm-t√m-cn-Ø-d ]-tcX-\m-b Zm-k-s‚ `m-cy im-c-Z(81).kw-kv-Im-cw \S-Øn. a-°ƒ: ko-\, koa, km-P≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tam-l-\≥, Zn-t\-jv, kPn.

Ip-ªm-an l-Öp-½

Pm-\-In

B-bn-kp

a-dn-bp-½

Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: No-cm-‰-bnse Xm-sg ho-´n¬ B-bnkp (75). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b a-Ωp.

a-t©-cn: ]-ø-\m-Sv sNdp-Ip-fw ]-tc-X-\m-b Aen lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy ISp-]m-en a-dn-bp-Ω (85).

t]-cm-{º: t]-cm-{º a¿®‚ v-kv A-tkm-kn-tbj≥ ap≥ {]-kn-U‚pw hym-]m-c{]-ap-J-\p-am-b _m-Zp-jm A-l-Ω-Zv lmZn-bp-sS `m-cy F-S-∏m-d Ip-™m-an l-÷p-Ω (71). a-°ƒ: ap-kv-X-^ , _m-Zp-j A-–p¬- kemw, _-jo¿, A-iv-d-^v , P-ao-e, k-^n-b.

X-e-t»-cn: A-≠-√q¿ tam-kv-tIm \-K-dn¬ Pm\-In k-Z-\-Øn¬ Pm-\In (90). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tcX-\m-b Zm-dq-´n. a-°ƒ: {]-`m-I-c≥, Znhm-I-c≥, th-Wp-tKm-]me≥, \n¿-a-e, e-£v-an, kp-[m-I-c≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-¶w, t_-_n, b-ap-\, k-Pn-\.

]n-Xm-hn-s\ sIm-e-s¸-Sp-¯n-b tI-knÂ- A-d-ÌnÂ]q-™m¿-: a-Zy-e-l-cn-bn¬ ]nXm-hn-s\ a¿-±n-®p sIm-e-s∏-SpØn-b tI-kn¬- a-I-s\ ]m-emUn-ssh.F-kv.- ]n-bp-sS t\-Xr-XzØn-ep-≈ t]m-en-kv- A-dà - v- sNbvX - p.- ssI-∏≈ - n- C-Sa - e - \m-´p-It√¬- tPm-Wn-s\(70)- sIm-es - ∏Sp-Øn-b tI-kn-¬ a-I≥- jm-Pn(35)bmWv Ad-Ãn-em-bX - v.kw-`-h-sØ-°p-dn-®v- t]m-enkv- ]-d-bp-∂-Xn-ß-s\: ta-kv-Xncn-∏-Wn-°m-c-\m-b jm-Pn- ÿncw- a-Zy-]m-\n-bm-Wv. I-gn-™ 26\v cm-{Xn- H-º-Xn-\v- a-Zy-]ns®Ønb ssjPn k-ao-]-sØ ho-´n¬- A-Xn-{I-an-®p I-b-dn-.- CXv- tNm-ZywsN-bvX - ]nXmhpw jmPn-bpw- X-Ωn¬- hm-t°-‰-ap-≠mhp-I-bpw- tPm¨- jm-Pn-bp-sS k¿-´n-^n-°‰ - p-If - pw- s_-Õpw- ho´p-ap-‰-Øn-´vI-Øn-°pIbpw

jm-Pn sNbvXp.- C-XpI-≠ {]-Xn- hSnsIm-≠v- tPm-Wn-s\ a¿-±n-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.- a¿-±-\-Øn¬-hm-cnsb-√p-Iƒ- s]m-´n Kpcp-X-cm-hÿ-bn-emb tPmWns\- _-‘p°ƒ- ]m-em- Xm-eq-°m-ip-]-{Xnbn-epw- ]m-em-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-

ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw- {]-th-in-∏n-®p.B-ip-]-{Xn- A-[n-Ir-X-tcm-Sv- hoW-Xm-sW-∂mWv _-‘p-°ƒ]d-™n-cp∂Xv.- XpS¿∂v tIm-´bw- sa-Un-°¬- tIm-f-Pn¬- {]th-in-∏n-®-t∏mƒ- tUm-Iv-S¿-am¿°p-≠m-b kw-i-b-am-Wv- {]-Xnsb ]n-Sn-Iq-Sm≥- k-lm-bIambXv.- Nn-In-¬-k-bn¬- I-gn-b-sh tPm-Wn-\v- \yq-tam-Wnb- _m-[n®p. F-∂m¬- \yq-tam-Wn-b _m[n-®-√ a-cn-Wsa∂pw- a¿-±-\Øn¬- G-‰ ]-cn-°p-aq-e-amsW∂pw- A-t\z-jW - Ø - n¬- hy‡-am-bn.]m-em- Un-ssh.-F-kv-.]n- _nPp- sI kv‰ - o-^\ - pw- Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´ kn-.sF A-tim-Iv- Un- Ip-am¿,- Fkv-.sF Ip-cy≥- am-Xyp- F-∂nhcmWv- jm-Pn-sb A-d-Ãv sNbvXXv.

Nm-t¡m Iq-Øp-]-d-ºv: C-Sp-º-bnse hn ]n Nm-t°m (65). `m-cy: tkm-b. a-I≥: ss¢-hv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-cym-t°m-kv, ta-cn-°pv´n, A-®m-Ω, am-Ø-®≥.

]-co-£-bv-¡v t]m-hp-¶-Xn-\n-sS Ip-g-ªp-ho-W hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n a-cn-¨p l-cn-∏m-Sv: F-kv.-F-kv.-F¬.kn. ]-co-£-bv-°v t]m-hp-∂-Xn\n-sS Ip-g-™p-ho-W hn-Zym¿Yn-\n a-cn-®p. B-bm-]-d-ºv K-h.l-b¿ -sk-°≥U-dn kv-Iq-fnse 10mw -¢m-kv hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-bmb sN-dp-X-\ B-\m-cn \-μ-\Øn¬ {io-Ip-am-dn-s‚ a-Iƒ Bcy({io-°p-´n˛15)bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C-∂-se ]p-e¿s® \m-e-ctbm-sS h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bnem-Wv ac-Ww. sNm-Δm-gv-N D-®-bv-°v ]-co£bv-°v t]m-hm≥ ho-´n¬ \n∂n-d-ß-sh Ip-g-™pho-W hnZym¿Yn\nsb l-cn-∏m-Sv Xmeq-°m-ip-]-{Xn-bnepw ti-jw h-≠m-\w sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pnepw {]th-in-∏n-®Xm-bn-cp∂p.- -

X-e-bn-se R-c-ºp-Iƒ Zp¿-_e-am-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ Nn-In¬k-bn-en-cn-s° ikv{X-{Inb \S-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. C-Xn-\p ti-jam-Wv a-c-Ww kw-`-hn-®-Xv. kw-kv-Im-cw ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-Øn. am-Xm-hv: P-b-{io.- G-I k-tlm-Z-c≥: B-Zn-Xy≥.

Ip-d-hn-e-ßm-Sv: ho-Sn-\p k-ao-]-Øv hr-≤-Z-º-XnI-sf a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn. -C-e-bv-°m-Sv c≠m-\n-bn¬ hm-kp (70), `m-cy k-tcm-Pn-\n (65) F∂n-h-sc-bm-Wv C-∂-se cm-hn-se a-cn-®- \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. ho-Sn-\p k-ao-]-ap-≈ B-e-bn-em- hm-kp Wv ar-X-tZ-l-߃ I-≠Xv. B-kn-Uv D-≈n¬ sN∂m-Wv a-c-W-sa-∂m-Wv \n-K-a-\w. ar-X-tZ-l-߃-°v kao-]-Øp-\n-∂v B-kn-Up≈ I-∂m-kpw Ão¬ •mkpw I-s≠-Sp-Øn-´p-≠v. tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ Bip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bnbn¬ t]m-Ãptam¿-´-Øn- k-tcm-Pn-\n \p ti-jw _-‘p-°ƒ-°v hn-´p-\-¬-In. hm-kp-hpw `m-cy k-tcm-Pn-\n-bpw a-I≥ k-t¥m-jn-t\m-Spw Ip-Spw-_-tØm-Sp-sam-∏-am-Wv Xma-kw. hm-kp-˛-k-tcm-Pn-\n Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS H-cp a-I≥ kp-`m-jv h¿-j-߃-°pap-ºv B-fl-l-Xy- sN-bv-Xncp-∂p. a-s‰m-cp a-I≥: kp-tc-jv.

Im-Wm-Xm-b- bp-hm-hn-sâ ar-X-tZ-lw \m-bIÄ I-Sn-¨v hn-Ir-X-am-¡n-b \n-e-bn a-´m-t©-cn: I-gn-™ Rm-b-dm-gvN ap-X¬ Im-Wm-Xm-b bp-hm-hns\ sIm-¶-≠ Sm-¶n-\p ]-Sn™m-dp h-iw sIm-®n≥ t]m¿-´ns‚ Uw-_n-Mv bm¿-Un-¬ a-cn-®\-n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. sX-cp-hp\m-b-Iƒ I-Sn-®v hn-Ir-X-am-°nb \n-e-bn¬ ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠Øn-b -]-cn-k-c-hm-kn-Iƒ t]men-kn¬ A-dn-bn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. hm-Øp-cp-Øn h-en-b-a-cØn-¶¬ ho-´n¬ sk-_m-Ãy-\mWv (39) a-cn-®-Xv. ar-X-tZ-l-Øn-\v aq-∂p Zn-hk-sØ ]-g-°-ap-≠v. k-ao-]Øp \n-∂p e-`n-® ss{U-hn-Mv sse-k≥-kn¬ \n-∂m-Wv Bsf Xn-cn-®-dn-™-Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v _‘p-°-sf hn-fn-®p-h-cp-Øn ÿnco-I-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. sk-

sk-_m-Ãy≥ _m-Ãy≥ [-cn-® ]m‚ v A-gn™p-t]m-b \n-e-bn-em-Wv. i-cocm-b-h-b-h-ß-fn¬ ]-e-Xpw sXcp-hp-\m-b-Iƒ I-Sn-s®-Sp-Ø \ne-bn-em-Wv. a-Zy-]-\m-b sk-_m-Ãy≥ a-

cn-°m≥ t]m-hp-I-bm-sW-∂v A-Ω-tbm-Spw `m-cy-tbm-Spw ]-d™v I-gn-™ Rm-b-dm-gv-N ho-Sphn- ´ n- d - ß p- I - b m- b n- c p- s ∂- ∂ v t]m-en-kv ]-d-™p. F-∂m¬ _-‘p-ho-Sp-I-fn¬ t]m-b-Xmhm-sa-∂v ho-´p-Im¿ I-cp-Xn-. ]n∂o-Sv Im-Wm-Xm-b-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿∂v _-‘p-°ƒ _p-[-\m-gv-N t]m-en-kn¬ ]-cm-Xn \¬-In-. AtX-k-a-bw, kw-`-h-Øn¬ Zp-cql-X-bp-s≠-∂v \m-´p-Im¿ Btcm-]n-®p. lm¿-_¿ F-kv.sF. Sn Fw ]u-tem-kn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ C≥-Iz-Ãv X-øm-dm-°n. ar-X-tZlw B-e-∏p-g sa-Un-°¬ tImf-Pn¬ t]m-Ãv-tam¿-´-Øn-\-b®p. `m-cy: {]n≥-kn-. a-°ƒ: {]n≥-kv, \n-Ωn.


Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2014-03-15