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8

thÀ-]mSv

KOCHI

07 am¿®v 2014 sh≈n

In-W-än-\p-Ån A-]-I-S-¯nÂ-s¸-«v a-cn-¨p

lko-\

A-ÐpÂ-d-lv-am³

tPm-kv tPmk^v

B-eo-kv

k-c-kz-Xn

`m-kv-I-c-ta-t\m³

A-en-bmÀ

I-eq¿: A-timI tdm-Uv ]-≈n-tØm-´p-¶¬ P-amep-±o-s‚ `m-cy l-ko\(64). J-_-dS-°w C-∂v cm-hnse Ip-Øn-b-tXm-Sv Pp-ama-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬.

B-ep-h: D-fn-b-∂q¿ hncp-Øn-]-d-ºn¬ (sIm¿t°m-SØv) ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-™paq-k a-I≥ A–p¬-d-ln-am≥(70). `mcy: NnØp. a°ƒ: \Po_v, ap-Po-_v(tKmƒ-Uv ]me-kv Pz√dn, Beph), jm-ln-\, j-_m-\. a-cpa°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zv Aen, kp-[o¿, j-ao-d, A-\o-j. J-_-dS-°w C-∂p cm-hnse 10.30 \v D-fn-b-∂q¿ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

tIm-X-aw-Kew: h-Sm´p]m-d sN-dp-th-en¬ tPm-kv tPm-k-^v(63). `mcy: t{X-kym-Ω. a°ƒ: sP-bvk≥, en≥kn, Pn≥k¨. a-cp-a°ƒ: F¬kn, tkmP≥, dn-b. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v sshIn´v 2.30 \v h-Sm-´p]m-d sk‚ v.ta-co-kv ]-≈nbn¬.

]m-h-d-´n: Nn-‰m-´p-I-c N{I-am-°n¬ Ip-cn-b≥ `mcy B-eo-kv(65). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v Im-e-Øv 11\v apw-ss_ A-h¿ te-Un sd-a-Un N¿-®n¬. a-°ƒ: cm-Pp, _n-μp, km-Pp. a-cpa-°ƒ: `m-h-\, tPm-kv, \o-\.

am-f: Ip-gq¿ Xp-º-c-t»-cn \m-cm-b-W-t‚-bpw ]-tcX-bm-b e-£v-an-°p-´n-bptS-bpw a-Iƒ k-c-kzXn(66). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v sN-ß-∂q-cn-se `¿-XrKr-l-Øn¬. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ir-jv-W-≥, A-ΩnWn, A-∏p-Ip-´≥, hn-Pb≥, th-Wp-tKm-]m¬, cm-a-N-{μ≥, P-b-{io.

\m-K-∏p-g: tX-h-tcm-en¬ `m-kv-I-c-ta-t\m≥(85). `mcy: kpa-Xn A-Ω(a‰°-c a-™m-a-‰-Øn¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw). a°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am¿, Kncn-P, kp-tc-jv-_m_p(_mw-•q¿), an-\ntamƒ. a-cp-a°ƒ: c-am-tZ-hn, ap-cfo-[-c≥ \mb¿, Ko-X, Fw F≥ a-t\m-Pv-Ip-am¿. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v c-≠n\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: d-tbm¨]p-cw ]-g-b-]m-ew tdmUn¬ sIm-®-ßm-Sn PMvj-\p k-ao-]w A-ºmS≥ ]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X\mb sIm-®-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ aI≥ A-en-bm¿(70). s]cp-ºm-hq¿ k-ky-am¿-°‰n-se am-ßm hym-]m-cnbm-bn-cp∂p. `mcy: d-tbm¨-]p-cw Aºm-S≥ ho-´n¬ \-_ok. a°ƒ: Ip-™p-ap-lΩZv, \-ko¿, A-∫mkv, kp-[o¿, kp-l-dm-_ohn, k-^n-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: \-Pva, sj-ao-\, X-kv\n, sj-co^v, Im-knw.

{io-[-c³ \m-bÀ sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: hm-a-\]p-cw hm-gv-th-en-t°mWw hn-f-bn¬ ho-´n¬ {io-[-c≥ \m-b¿ (86). `mcy: P-K-Z-Ω. a-°ƒ: X-¶-a-Wn, eo-ema-Wn, c-hn-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ≥ \mb¿, hn-P-b-Ip-am¿, PnPn.

\q-lv-¡-®v B-im-³ I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: sXm-Snbq¿ ap-g-tßm-Sn hn-fbn¬ ho-´n¬ \q-lv-°-Æv B-im-≥(80).

G-\n- lm-Pn h-fm-t©-cn: ]u-c{- ]-apJ≥ sIm-fa - w-Ke - w a-l√ - v ap-Xh - √ - n-bpw ap≥ {]-knU-‚p-am-b I-f∏ - p-em≥ G-\n- lm-Pn (92). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b D-Ωm-Ø. a°ƒ: Ip-™n-am≥.

B-bn-i Hm-a-t»-cn: ]m-ºn-g-™]m-d ]-tc-X-\m-b Xq-ºØv ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy B-bn-i (70). a-°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn, apl-Ω-Zm-en, J-Zo-P, kpss_-Z, D-Ω¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, k-_p¿Jm≥, B-an-\, ssk-\_, ssa-aq-\.

_n-¿m-¯p ]-tøm-fn: Xp-d-bq¿ Ipep-∏ ]-tc-X-\m-b aW¬-∏o-Sn-I-bn¬ kq-∏nbp-sS `m-cy Ip-ep-∏-hb¬ _n-øm-Øp (80). a-°ƒ: B-bn-i, A–p¬- I-cow, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-Ω-Xv.

Ip-ªo-_n am-tØm-´w: C-Sn-bm-\w ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b C hn D-kva - m≥-tIm-bb - p-sS `mcy F≥ hn Ip-™o-_n (60).

]oäÀ

tPm¬(tem\³)

\-fn\n

i-c-Wy

F-{_-lmw Ip-cy³

Ip-ªq-ª-½

B-ep-h: an-\n kn-hn¬ tÃ-j≥ tdm-Uv ]m-d-bv°¬ sXm-Ωn a-I≥ ]o‰¿(61). `m-cy: do-\. a°ƒ: dn‚p, tdm-_n≥, dn-jn≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: sP-bvk≥.

B-e-ßmSv: ]p-d-°m-´v ]tc-X\m-b Ip-cy≥ a-I≥ tPm¨(tem-\≥˛65). `mcy: Rm-d-°¬ F-f-¶p∂∏p-g Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw tacn. a°ƒ: Ipcy≥(ku-Zn), am¿-´n≥. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v sshIn-´v aq-∂n-\v B-e-ßm-Sv sk‚ v.ta-co-kv ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

tPmÀ-Pv

G-eq¿: G-eq¿ CuÃn¬ C.Fkv.sF. Un-kv-s]≥-k-dn-°p k-ao-]w Xn-te-∏-dºn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b B-ZyIm-e I-ayq-WnÃv {]-h¿-´n {]-h¿-ØI\pw kzm-X{¥y ka-c-tk-\m-\n-bp-am-bncp-∂ Xn-te-∏-d-ºn¬ am-[h-s‚ `m-cy \-fn\n(77). a°ƒ: tdm-antbm, B-i, a[p(kn.]n.Fw.), ap≥ {_m-©v sk-{I´-dn), k-t¥mjv. a-cpa°ƒ: jo-e, tPmjn, PnPn, kcnX.

Xn-cp-h-√: Im-´q-°-c h-enb-Ip-f-Øn¬ hn-iz-\m-Ys‚ a-Iƒ i-c-Wy (20). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°vv H-∂n-\v h-f-™-h-´w dn-ssh-h¬ N¿-®v sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. am-Xm-hv: Dj. k-tlm-Z-c≥: i-c-Xv.

Xn-cp-h-√: ]-Sn-™m-t‰mX-d C-f-a-‰q¿ Xp-≠nbn¬ F-{_-lmw Ipcy≥ (98). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v c-≠n-\v ]-Sn-™m-t‰mX-d a-e-¶-c Iv-\m-\m-bn I-tØm-en-° ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy; ]-tc-X-bm-b Nn-∂Ω. a-°ƒ; s]m-∂-Ω, Ip-™q-™-Ω, F-{_lmw X-¶-®≥, C sI Ipcy≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b X-¶Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ; tPm¿-Pv, tXma-kv F-{_-lmw, P-bv-\Ω, sP- n, Pm≥-kn, ]tc-X-\m-b tPm-kv.

A-Sq¿: ap-≠p-tIm-´bv-°¬ I-Æ-¶-c aÆn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI F tPm¿-Pn-s‚ `m-cy Ip-™q-™-Ω (96). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. a-°ƒ: tdm-k-Ω, t_-_n, kq-k-Ω, s_-∂n, tPm-kv, emep, km-P≥, ]-tc-X\m-b sP-bnw-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ; tPm¿-PpIp-´n, ]m-ÿ F Fw sN-dn-bm≥, en-√n-°p´n, A-Ωm-fp-Ip-´n, Ip™p-tamƒ, c-a-Wn, _n-Pn, ]-tc-X-\m-b h¿-Ko-kv.

tX-™n-∏-ew: Xr-iq¿ sIm-t´-°m-Sv kz-tZ-inbpw tN-te-{º kv-]n-∂nMv-an¬ dn-´. Po-h-\-°m-c\p-am-b tZ-h-Xn-bm¬ Aº-e-∏-Sn A-d-ßm-t»-cnbn¬ tPm¿-Pv (70). `m-cy: tdm-kn Nn-d-b-Øv (dn-´. A-kn-Â v hn-t√-Pv Hm^nk¿). a-°ƒ: Pn¬-kn, k-cnX, c-Pn-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn≥-sk‚ v ]p-d-tIm´n¬, tdm-_¿-´v sX-t°Ø-e.

tI-fp ]-Wn-¡À Ip-‰ym-Sn: I-°-´n-se c-btcm-Øp ao-ج tI-fp]-Wn-°¿ (94). sX-øw I-em-Im-c-\pw Ip-dpw-Ipg¬ hm-Zym hn-Z-Kv[-\pam-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ]-tcX-bm-b Pm-\p. a-°ƒ: cm-P≥ (dn-´. X-]m¬ hIp-∏v), _m-e-Ir-j-vW≥ (dn-´. ]n.U-ªyp.Un. hIp-∏v), Ko-X.

C-¯n-¡p-«n F.B¿ \-K¿: ]m-e-aTØn-≥-Nn-\ I-≈n-b-Øv A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n-bp-sS `mcy Xm-g-Øp-ho-´n¬ CØn-°p-´n (72). a-°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn, ap-l-Ω-ZvtIm-b, kp-sse-am≥ (ZΩmw), A-–p-√.

A-en I-S-∏p-dw: K-h. B-ip-]{Xn-°v k-ao-]w ]-tc-X\m-b ]p-Xp-ho-´n¬ ImZ¿- a-I≥ A-en(67). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v D-∏m-∏-]≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `mcy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: ap_m-d-Iv, A-j-d-^-v, kpl-d, _p-j-d, \-ko-a.

hÀ-Ko-kv sN-ß-∂q¿: am-tØ-Øv sIm-®p-Xp-≠n¬ Fw Sn h¿-Ko-kv (82).

ap-≠-°-bw: In-W-dn¬ \n-∂pw I-b-dp-tºmƒ I-bdn¬ \n-∂pw Du¿-∂v Xm-tg-°v ]-Xn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ C-cp-ºv sIm-fp-Øv Xp-f-®p I-b-dn bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. sIm°-bm¿ shw-ªn I-\-I-]p-cw N-°-\m-`m-K-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b eq-t°m-kn-s‚ a-I≥ tPm-k-^v(jn-_p 34) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. G-¥-bm¿ H-‰a-cw `m-K-Øv kz-Im-cy hyhn-P-bm-\-µ³-]n-Å ‡n-bp-sS In-W¿ hr-Øn]-c-hq¿: sX-°pw-`m-Kw bm-°n-b-Xn-\p ti-jw IXm-g-Øp-ho-´n¬ hn-P-bm- b-dn¬ Xq-ßn I-b-dp-∂-Xn\-μ≥ ]n-≈ (73˛-dn-´. \n-S-bn¬ ssI A-b-™v t]m-kv-‰p-am≥). `m-cy: im- Xm-tg-°v Du¿-∂p-t]m-b¥-Ip-am-cn C-´n A-Ω. at∏mƒ I-b-dn-s‚ A-‰-Øv °ƒ: _n-Pp D-Æn-Øm≥ L-Sn-∏n-®n-cp-∂ C-cp-ºv (ko-\n-b¿ sse-t{_-dnsIm-fp-Øv A-c-s°-´n-\p b≥, G-jym s\-‰v \yq-kv Xm-sg Xp-f-®p I-b-dp-IXn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw),hnbm- b n- c p- ∂ p.Hm- S n- I q- S n- b t\m-Zv D-Æn-Øm≥ (sa-Uv- \m-´p-Im¿ tPm-k-^n-s\ In-W-dn-\p ap-I-fn-se-Øn-s®sI-b¿ tlm-kv-]n-‰¬, Zp- ¶n-epw c-‡w hm¿-∂p sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D_m-bv), k-Pp D-ÆnS≥ X-s∂ ap-≠-°-b-sØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bnØm≥ (_n-kn-\-kv). a-cp- se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c-£n-°-\m-bn-√.ap-≠-°a-°ƒ: tc-jv-a-cm-Pv, knbw t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰ v X-bm-dm-°n Im-™n-c-∏-≈n _n. P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv-‰p-tam¿-´w \-SØn.kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v. `m-cy:kn-\n. a-Iƒ: A-\n-I

km-dm-½ Ip-cym-t¡m-kv

an-¶p∂w: ku-Øv am-dmSn hm-Xym-∏n-≈n¬ ]-tcX\m-b Ip-cym-t°m-kns‚ `m-cy km-dm-Ω Ipcym-t°m-kv(77). amdn-I I-∂p-≈n¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-KamWv. a°ƒ: A-hcm®≥, tPmWn, tacn, jmPn. a-cp-a°ƒ: Nn∂Ω, tamfn, X-¶®≥, kqk≥. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se ]-Øn-\v amdm-Sn C-cn-´n-bm-\n-°p-∂v sk‚ v.tPm¿-÷v bmt°m_m-b kp-dn-bm-\n ]-≈n-bn¬.

a-dn-b-¡p-«n Iq-h-∏-≈n: Im-cn-Ip-fw hm-c-W-Øv sk-_m-Ãys‚ `m-cy a-dn-b-°p-´n (79). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-Ign-™v 2.30\p Im-cn-Ip-fw ^m-Øn-a-am-Xm ]-≈n-bn¬. a-°ƒ: tPm-bn, kÆn (aw-K-em-]p-cw), tXma-kp-Ip-´n (So-®¿, sk‚ v tPm-¿-Pv bp-]n-F-kv tImcp-tØm-Sv), s_-∂n (aw-Kem-]p-cw), Pn-Ωn (Zo-]n-I, tIm-´-bw), _n-t\m (kuZn), en-kn (F-cp-ta-en k¿-ho-kv k-l-I-c-W _m-¶v). a-cp-a-°ƒ: Nm¿fn Im-c-bv-°m-´v , em-en-bΩ Iq-en-∏p-c-bv-°¬, _n≥-kn Im-c-bv-°¬, jm‚n ap-Xp-Ip-t∂¬.

hr-²-s\ In-W-än a-cn-¨-\n-e-bn I-s−-¯n

Nm-cpw-aq-Sv: ho-´n¬ \n-∂v Im-Wm-Xm-b hr-≤-s\ In-W‰n¬ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. \q-d-\m-Sv F-cp-a-°p-g B-im-s‚ ]-So-‰-Xn¬ cm-a-N-{μ≥ ]n-≈ (65)s\-bm-Wv C-∂-se cm-hn-se ho-Sn-\v k-ao-]-ap-≈ D-]-tbm-K-iq\y-am-b In-W-‰n-\p-≈n¬ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Ønb-Xv. _p-[-\m-gv-N cm-hn-se ap-X¬ C-bm-sf Im-Wm-\n√m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: k-c-kz-Xn. a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, kt¥m-jv. \q-d-\m-Sv t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

\n-¡m-ln ]-s¦-Sp-¡m-s\-¯n-bXr-iqÀ kz-tZ-in lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw aq-ew a-cn-¨p

Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´: \n-°m-ln¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°m≥ Cu-cm-‰pt]-S-bn¬ F-Øn-b Xr-iq¿ kz-tZ-in lr-Z-bm-LmXw aq-ew a-cn-®p. Xr-iq¿ tIm-´-∏p-dw \-l¿-au-knen¬ F≥ ]n Xm-Pp-±o≥ (64) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. c-≠ph¿-jw ap-ºp-h-sc sN-´n-b-ßm-Sn ]-≈n C-am-am-bn-cp∂ Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´ sh-fp-tØ-cp-ho-´n¬ j-ao¿ au-ehn-bp-sS \n-°m-ln¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°m≥ kp-lr-Øp°ƒ-s°m-∏w C-∂-se cm-hn-se Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´-bn-seØn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p sN-´n-b-ßm-Sn ]-≈n `m-c-hm-lnbm-b Xm-Pp-±-o≥. hn-hm-lw I-gn-™ ti-jw Xn-cnsI ]p-d-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn-\p-≈ H-cp-°-Øn-\n-S-bn-em-Wv lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw D-≠m-b-Xv. Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´-bn-se kzIm-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw a-c-W-s∏-SpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: \-l¿-\n-k. a-°ƒ:ap-_m-d-°v, ko-\-Øv \n-k, P-∂-Øv \n-k, Xu-e-Øv \n-k, _¿°v-Øv \n-k, l-ko-\ \n-k, j-ln-Z-\n-k, ap-_o-\ \n-k.

a-[y-h-b-kv-I³ s{S-bn³ X-«n a-cn-¨p

Nn-‰m-´p-I-c: In-g-t°-Ø-e sd-bn¬-th tÃ-j-\p k-ao]w a-[y-h-b-kv-I≥ s{S-bn≥ X-´n a-cn-®p. Nq-≠¬ kztZ-in In-g-t° a-Æm-S-Øn¬ tkm-a-kp-μ-c≥(61) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-]I-Sw. cm-hn-se ho-´n¬ \n-∂v Xr-iq-cn-te-°p t]m-hp-Ibm-sW-∂p ]-d-™m-Wv C-d-ßn-b-Xv. kw-kv-Im-cw ]n∂o-Sv. `m-cy: C-μn-c. ]m-h-d-´n t]m-en-kv ÿ-e-sØ-Øn C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn.

t^mÀ-«p-sIm-¨n I-S-¯oc¯v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨-\n-e-bnÂ

am-Xyp-

e-Xn-Im ]n-Å

X-¦-½

sXm-Sp-]p-g: h-≠-a-‰w ]¥-bv-°¬ ]n kn am-Xyp (98). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p D®-I-gn-™v- 3.30 \v- h-≠-a‰w sk‚ v- tPm¿-Pv- ]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: G-\m-\-√q¿ h-S-°pw-]m-S-Øv- ta-cn.

]-g-ho-Sv: \m-c-I-∏-d-ºn¬ hn-P-b-Ip-am-dn (hn.sI._n ]n-≈)s‚ `m-cy e-Xn-Im ]n-≈ (54). kw--kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v. a-°ƒ: eo-P, ePo-jv.

sXm-Sp-]p-g:ssX-∏-d-ºn-¬ _-jo-dn-s‚ `m-cy B-an\(61). I-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 11 \v Im-cn-t°m-Sv ss\-\m¿ ]-≈n-bn¬. ]tc-X aq-hm-‰p-]p-g ]-Sn™m-td-h-´-Øn¬ ]pØ≥-ho-´n¬ Ip-Spw-_mwKw. a-°ƒ : A-Pn ssX-∏d-ºn¬ (tIm¨-{K-kv sF Cu-Ãv a-fi-ew P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dn), k-Po-\, ap-Po_v, d-Po-\.

A-en

tN¿-Ø-e: I-S-°-c-∏-≈n ]-©m-b-Øv G-gmw hm¿Uv ]-\-th-en ]-tc-X-\mb Ip-am-c≥ B-Nm-cn-bpsS `m-cy X-¶-Ω (75). a°ƒ: A-tim-I≥, -Kn-cnP,- eo-e, -c-a, -I-\-I,- ]-tcX-bm-b ]-fln-\n. a-cp-a°ƒ: P-K-Z-Ω,- s]m-∂∏≥, -cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥, -{]`m-I-c≥, -tam-l-\≥, -]tc-X-\m-b i-in-Ip-am¿.

ta-cn Xn-cp-h-√: s]-cp-¥p-cpØn Ip-cp-th-en-Nn-d ]-tcX-\m-b tPm-k-^v F-{_lm-an-s‚ `m-cy ta-cn (68). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hnse 10.30\v Xn-cp-h-√ Fkv.kn.F-kv am¿-tØm-a ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: k-Pn, an-\n. a-cp-a°ƒ; sIm-®p-tamƒ, tam\n-®≥.

B-ky

D-½-¿-¡p-«n

s]-cn-b: s]-cn-bm-´-Sp°w sN-cp-º-bn-se ]-tcX-\m-b ]n ]n A-∫m-kns‚ `m-cy ]n ]n hn-√-bnse B-ky (65). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv im-^n, _jo¿, d-^o-J.v

sF-°-c-∏-Sn: ]q-®m-en¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-∂n-t°mS≥ tIm-bm-en-°p-´n-bpsS `m-cy D-Ω-ø-°p-´n (80). a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, kpss_-Z, B-bn-im-_n, a-dnbp-Ω, ^m-Øn-a, ]-tc-Xcm-b \-^o-k.

B-an-\

B-\-°-c: I-cn-b-∂q¿ sXm-tdm]-d-ºn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b _m-h-lm-Pn-bpsS a-I≥ A-en (39).-`mcy: ^u-kn-b. a-°ƒ: l-kv-\m -sj-dn≥, ap-lΩ-Zv- A-kv-an¬, ap-l-Ω-Zv A≥-jn-Zv. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se F´n\v Icn-b-∂q¿ Pp-ama-kv-Pn-Zv J-_-¿ÿm-\n¬.

]u-tem-kv Hu-tk-^v

\-koÀ N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ln-Zm-bØv \-K¿ ]m-d-bn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b ]-co-Xv Ip-™ns‚ a-I≥ \-ko¿ (A-ºn ˛63). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v D®-°v 12 \v ]-g-b-]-≈n Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬. `m-cy: jw-e Nn-‰m¿ In-Wdp-aq-´n¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: jo-\, jm-en ( Zpss_). a-cp-a-I≥: \u^¬.

sXm-Sp-]p-g: a-≈-cn-ßmSv tX-°pw-Im-´n¬ ]utem-kv Hu-tk-^v (50). `m-cy: eo-em-Ω ]u-temkv. a-°ƒ: F-_n≥ ]utem-k, F-_n-\ ]u-temkv. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cmhn-se ]-Øn-\v ap-≈-cnßm-Sv eq¿-Zv ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬.

D-kv-am³

B-e-t°m-Sv: c-b-tcmsØ tPm-k-^v Ip-gn-a-‰Øn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-b-°p´n (72). a-°ƒ: Ip-´n-b-Ω, h¬k-Ω, kp-P, tdm-bv.

Ip-«p-a-Wn B-e-Øq¿: Im-h-t»cn ]o-t®m-´n¬ kn Ip-´p-aWn (70). `m-cy: X-¶. a°ƒ: eo-e, kp-tc-{μ≥, c-ta-jv, jo-e.

tIm-´-°¬: ]-d-ºn-eßm-Sn I-√p-sh-´p-]m-d ]tc-X-\m-b N-ß-cw-tNme aq-k-bp-sS a-I≥ D-kvam≥ (Ip-™p-˛62). am-Xm-hv: _n-øp-Ω. `m-cy: k-^n-b. a-°ƒ: \u-jmZv, \u-jo-Z.

F-{_-lmw

]mÀ-h-Xn Ip-«-¸³

{]-im-´v

in-ip-]m-e³

]-ºm-hm-en: aq-e-°-bw s\-Spw-]p-d-Øv F-{_lmw (sIm-®v 82). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v 2\v Xp-em-∏≈n am¿-tØm-Ωm «o-lm ]-f-fn-bn¬. `m-cy:A-∂Ω. a-°ƒ : tkm-a¿, s‰ n, kn.Fw \-an-X F-^v.F-kv.Fw.F, k-Æn. a-cpa-°ƒ : tkm-an-\n, A-∏®≥, sP- n.

]q-™m¿: ]-\-®n-∏m-d ( ]p-fn-°-∏m-ew) ]m-d-t°mtW¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-´∏-s‚ `m-cy ]m¿-Δ-Xn Ip´-∏≥ ( X-¶ ˛83). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: i-in, im-¥, Ip´n-b-Ω, Hm-a-\,-tKm-]n, ca-Wn, ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-Pp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-in, tkma≥, A-∏p, an-\n, Ip™p-tam≥, X-¶-Ω, ktcm-Pn-\n.

Ip-≠-d: Ip-gn-a-Xn-°m-Sv Nq-c-s∏m-bv-I-bn¬ ]n Fkv {]-im-¥v (36). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 12\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: _o-\. a-I≥: Im¿-ØnI.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Ip-fØq¿ Ip-dp-∏≥-hn-fm-IØv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b hm-kp-tZ-h-s‚ a-I≥ inip-]m-e≥ (75).

a-dn-b-¡p-«n

]mÀ-h-Xn-b-½ am-eq¿: am-eq¿ kn-‰n-bnse h-S-°-bn¬ ho-´n¬ \-cn-t°m-S≥ ]m¿-h-Xnb-Ω (85).

sF-jm-_o-hn I-S-bv-°¬: ]-tc-X-\mb P-am¬ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy sF-jm-_o-hn(85). a-°ƒ: ssd-lm-\-Øv _o-hn, ^m-Øn-am _ohn, Jp-ssd-jm _o-hn, J-Zo-P _o-hn, \-_o-km _o-hn, j-d-^p-±o≥, kfnw, ^-k-ep-±o≥, kpss_-d-Øv, ss_-Pp.

sI- ]n- ap-l-½-Zv- am-ÌÀs]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ-:- tk-ewsh-Sn-h-bv]n-se- A-\p-`-hkm-£n-bpw- kn-.]n-.FwPn-√m- I-Ωn-‰n- Aw-K-hp-ambn-cp-∂- sI- ]n- ap-l-Ω-Zvam-ÿ- (86)-.- h-≈p-h-\m-´nse- I-Ωyq-WnÃv Im-c-Wh-cpw- I¿-j-I-kw-Lwt\-Xm-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p.`m-cy-:- ]m-Øp-Ω.- a-°ƒ-:]m-Øp-Ω-°p-´n,- ap-l-ΩZv- C-Jv-_m¬- ,- B-bn-i,J-Zo-P.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:- sam-bvXp-Æn-,- I-a-dp-∂o-k.

tem-dn-bnSn¨v Hmt«m bm{X-nI-cmb _w-Km-Ä kztZ-inIÄ a-cn-¨p N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ]m-bn-∏m-Sv \mep-tIm-Sn-bn¬ tem-dn-bpw Hmt´m-dn£bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v Hmt´m-bm-{X-°m-cm-b c-≠v A-\ykw-ÿm-\ sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ a-cn®p. ]-›n-a_w-Kmƒ am¬-U Pn√m-°m-cm-b dm-Øp-h P-lmwKo¿ A-en (22), dm-_n-°p¬ Ckv-emw (25) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. ]-cn-t°-‰ _w-Kmƒ kz-tZ-inI-fm-b A-–p¬ h-lm-_v(22), A-_n-lm≥ (25), a-Jv-_q¬-`mbn (25) F-∂n-h-sc tIm-´-bw saUn-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-epw A-jv-dhen(24)s\ N-ß-\m-t»-cn P-\d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw {]-th-in∏n-®p. Hm-t´m -ss{U-h¿ ]m-bn∏m-Sv ap-´-tØm-Sv tPm-bn (55) Xncp-h-√ ]p-jv-]-Kn-cn sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ NnIn¬k-bn-emWv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se G-tgm-sS \m-ep-tIm-Sn P-Mv-j-\n-em-

dm-Øp-h P-lmw-Ko¿ A-en

dm-_n-°p¬ C-kv-emw

bncp∂p A-]-I-Sw. a-cn-® Plmw-Ko¿-A-en \m-´n¬-\n-∂p _p-[m-\m-gv-N cm-hn-sebpw dm_p-°p¬ C-kv-emw 10 Zn-h-k-w apºpamWv ]m-bn-∏ms´-Øn-bXv. ]m-bn-∏m-s´ Xm-a-k-ÿ-eØp -\n-∂p N-ß-\m-t»-cn-bn-te°v tPm-en-°p t]m-Ish \m-ep-

tIm-Sn P-Mv-j-\n-¬h®v s]-cp¥p-cp-Øn `m-K-tØ-°v t]m-hpI-bm-bn-cp-∂ tSm-d-kv tem-dn- Hmt´m-bn¬ C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Hm-t´m-dn£ G-Xm-\pw ao-‰¿ hen-®p-sIm-≠p-t]m-b tijamWv temdn \n∂-Xv. tem-dnss{U-h-sd \m-´p-Im¿ ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn

t]m-en-kn-\p ssI-am-dn. N-ß\m-t»-cn- ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kpw Xrs°m-Sn-Øm-\w F-kv.sF sI ]n hn-t\m-Zn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep-≈ t]m-en-kpw \m-´p-Im-cpw tN¿-∂v c£m-{]-h¿Ø\w \SØn-. kw-`-h-ÿ-e-Øp-X-s∂ c≠p-t]-cpw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZl-߃ N-ß-\m-t»-cn-bn-epw ]n-∂o-Sv tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-te-°pw am-‰n. N-ß-\m-t»-cn P-\-d¬ Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ D-®-bv-°v 12Hm-sS kn F-^v tXm-a-kv Fw.F¬.F, ]m-bn-∏m-Sv {Km-a-∏-©m-bØv {]-kn-U‚ v cm-tP-{μ≥, ap≥ {]-kn-U‚ v F-_n- h¿-Ko-kv, Fkv.Un.]n.sF, t]m-]p-e¿ -{^≠v {]-h¿-Ø-I-cpw k-μ¿-in-®p. F-∂m¬ a-‰p cm-{„o-b-]m¿-´n t\-Xm-°-ƒ F-Øm-Xn-cp-∂-Xv hn-a¿-i-\-Øn-\p Im-c-W-am-bn.

a-´m-t©cn: t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n I-S¬-Øoc-Øv bp-hmhn-s\ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn. a-´m-t©-cn t]ma-W¿-Im-Sv: tX-d-Øm-\Ip-a-c-Iw: ]-Sn-™m-dp-`m- am-f: am-f ]-≈n-∏p-dw Nen-kv sse-\n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ a-I≥ I-emw(48)s\Øv I-cn-º-\-Ø-d-bn¬ K-Øv ]-d-b-{¥-I-f-Øn¬ °w-Im-´n¬ tPm-k-^vtXm-a-kv Ip-cy≥ (tPm-bn Ip-™p-tam≥ (59). `m-cy: Un-kq-k(88). kw-kv-Im- bm-Wv C∂-se cm-hn-se t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n I-S¬90). kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v Aw-_n-I Xp-cp-Øn shcw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v am- Øoc-sØ No-\-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]w a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠Xv. I-S¬-Xoc-Øv H-gp-In-\-S-∂ ar-X-tZ-lw 3.30 \p a-W¿-Im-Sv sk‚ v fp-tØ-S-Øv Ip-Spw-_mwf ]-≈n-∏p-dw sk‚ v sse-^v Km¿-Um-Wv I-c-bv-s°-Øn-®Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw ta-co-kv bm-t°m-_m-b Kw. a-°ƒ: en-Pp,eo-\. a- B‚-Wo-kv tZ-hm-e-bI-Øo-{U-en¬. `m-cy: cp-a-°ƒ: kp-\n¬, Øn¬. `m-cy: kn-kn-en. a- \m-´-m-Im-cp-sS {i-≤-bn¬-s∏-´-Xn-s\-Øp-S¿-∂p tIm-´-bw ]-Sn-™m-td-Ø- en‚p.kw-kv-°m-cw cm-hn- I≥: ssd-a≥. a-cp-a-Iƒ: sse-^v Km¿-Un-s\ hn-h-c-a-dn-bn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. e-bv-°¬ ]-tc-X-bm-b se 10 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. _p-[-\m-gv-N-cm-{Xn-bm-Wv Iemw ho-´n¬-\n∂p-t]msd-Iv-kn. kq-kn tXm-a-kv. a-°ƒ: bXv. hn√n-Mv-S¨ sF-e‚n¬ Np-a-´p-sXm-gn-em-fn-bmc-Rv-Pn (F-d-Wm-Ip-fw), e-£v-an I-®³ Wv a-cn-® I-emw. sc-Pp (aqw-ss_) a-cp-asIm-√-t¶m-Sv: sIm-√Ip-‰ym-Sn: ap-≈-º-Øv Ipt^m¿-´p-sIm-®n tIm-kv-‰¬ t]m-en-kv F.F°ƒ: kq-k≥ (F-d-Wmt¶m-Sv s\-t∑-\n In-gt™m-fn-s]m-bn¬ Ikv . sF tPm-k-^n-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ C≥-Iz-Ãv XIp-fw), P-b (apw-ss_). t°-]-d-ºv No´p-]p-fn ho- Æ≥ (83). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xøm-dm-°n ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw bmb ]md p. a° ƒ: Pm´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-∏p]-Sn-™m-sd-t°m-Sv ap-ln-b-±o≥ ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿI-Wm-c³ \p, A-tim-I≥, N-{μn, N- B-\n¬ J-_-d-S°n. `mcy: d-lv a-Øv. a-°ƒ:k°p-´-s‚ `m-cy e-£v-an ta-∏-bq¿: a-™-°p-f(85). a-°ƒ: in-h-cm-a≥, {μ≥, C-μn-c, cm-P≥, KnsØ ]-t´-]-d-ºn¬ Ico-i≥, ssj-\n, ssj-Pp. t\mPv, k-PnØv. tk-Xp-am-[-h≥, D-Æna-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-Wp, N-{μn, Wm-c≥ (78). `m-cy: eIr-jv-W≥ (B-≠n-ø), N-{μ≥, ssj-e, hn-t\m£van. im-¥-Ip-am-cn, t{]-a. B-ep-h: D-t±-iw 60 hbZ≥, c-ay, k-Pn-X.  v {]m-bw tXm-∂n-°p-∂ sh-≈-bn¬ I-dp-∏p sset\m-Sp IqSn-b j¿´pw ap≠pw [-cn-®v C∂-se ssh-In´v 7.40 Hm-sS Bep-h sd-bn¬-th tÃj≥ aq∂mw \-º¿ sdbn¬-th {Sm-°n¬ GtXm s{S-bn≥ Ib-dn acn-® \n-e-bn¬ -ar-X-tZlw I-s≠-SpØp. C-cp-\ndw, A-t©-ap-°m¬ A-Sn D-b-cw. Hm-a-\-¡p-«n A-½ im-c-Z hm-k-´n I-√-d: Iq-\≥-th-ß A{io-Im-cyw: sN-dp-h-bvt]m-Ø≥-tIm-Sv: A-cncp-hn-∏p-dw I-´-bv-°m-en¬ °¬ c-iv-an hn-em-kvtbm-´p-tIm-Ww Ip∂n¬ ho-´n¬ _m-e-s‚ Øn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tKm- ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b c-ho]n-\m-Y≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m- {μ-s‚ `m-cy hm-k-¥n `m-cy im-c-Z (68). (63). a-°ƒ: _m-_p, kn-‘p, cy Hm-a-\-°p-´n A-Ω a-°ƒ: A-\n¬-Ip-am¿, (69). _n-μp. te-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-\n, Im-´m-°-S: A-º-e-Øn≥-Im-e kn.]n.Fw {]-h¿-Øa° ƒ: ci v a n, A\ n¬a-cp-a-°ƒ: an-\n, D-ZA-tim-I≥. I-\m-bn-cp-∂ {io-Ip-am-dn-s\ sIm-e-s∏-Sp-Øn-b tIIp-am¿, P-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: b≥, {io-I-WvT≥. kn-se H-∂mw-km-£n A-º-e-Øn≥-Im-e kp-tc-jv th-Wp-tKm-]m¬, I-emssk-\-_ `-h-\n¬ Sn Kn-cn-[-c≥ (59) B-Wv hn-jw D-≈n¬-s®i-in dm-Wn, l-cn-Ip-am¿. tN-f-∂q¿: I-Æ-¶-c tIm- ∂v Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-cn-s° a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-kssI-em-Øp-tIm-Ww: tdm-Øv-s]m-bn¬ ]-tc-Xam-Wp hn-jw D-f-fn¬-s®-∂ \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-bssI-em-Øp-tIm-Ww hn- sam-bv-Xo³-tIm-b \m-b A-_v-Zp¬ Jm-Z¿ N-°pw-I-S-hv: Hm¿-t°m- km-ln-_n-s‚ `m-cy tIm- Xv. A-º-e-Øn≥-Im-e-bn¬ ]-e-N-c-°p I-S \-S-Ønf-bn¬ ho-´n¬ i-in h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Cu I-S-bv-°p ap-∂n¬ ]-I¬-k´p-h-b¬ Xm-Sn-lu-kv (59). ´mw-Ip-∂p-Ω¬ (F-S-°a-b-Øm-bn-cp-∂p {io-Ip-am-dn-s\ H-cp-kw-Lw sh-´nc) ssk-\-_ (87). a`m-cy: Hm-a-\. a-°ƒ: kp- sam-bv-Xo≥-tIm-b (67). `m-cy: kp-ss_-Z. a-°ƒ: °ƒ: J-Zo-P, kp-ss_-Z, b-Xv. kw-`-h-ti-jw C-bmƒ-°v I-Sp-Ø am-\-kn-Im\n¬-Ip-am¿, kp-tc-jvkzm-ÿyw D-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xm-bn _-‘p-°ƒ ]-dA-_v-Zp¬ A-ko-kv, J- A-_v-Zp¬ d-low (dn-´. _m-_p, k-‘ym-Ip-am^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv), dm-_n™p. `m-cy: Xp-f-kn. a-°ƒ: kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, kp-PmZo-P, ap-l-Ω-Zv dm-^n. acn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-_n, b (sl¬-Øv Un-]m¿-´vX. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Nn-{X, jn-¥p-em¬. Im-´m-°-S t]m-encp-a-°ƒ: ku-Z, l-\oen-kn, {]-Im-iv. sa‚ v). kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp. ^, dp-^v-km-\.

tXm-a-kv Ip-cy³

Ip-ªp-tam³

tPm-k-^v- Un-kq-k

sdbnÂ-th {Sm-¡n a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

A-¼-e-¯n³-Im-e {io-Ip-amÀ h-[w; H-¶mw-km-£n hn-jw D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v a-cn-¨p

hn-ZymÀ-Yn Ip-f-¯n ap-§na-cn-¨p h-≈n-°p-∂v (ae-∏p-dw): kvIqƒhn-Zym¿-Yn Ip-f-Øn¬ apßn-a-cn-®p. h-≈n-°p-∂v t\m¿Øv Xm-e-s∏m-en ]-d-ºn-\p k-ao]w h-cn-bm-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-X^-˛-kp-sse-J Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS GI-a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv an-Zv-em-Pv (11) B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. h-≈n-°p-∂v AØm-Wn-°¬ t\-‰o-hv F.bp.]n kv-Iqƒ B-dmw X-cw hn-Zym¿-Ynbm-bn-cp-∂p. hym-gm-gv-N D-®Ign™v 2.30Hm-sS-bm-Wp kw-`-hw. kv-Iq-fn¬ D-®`-£-Ww I-gn™tijw an-Zv-em-Ppw Iq-´p-Imcpw A-Øm-Wn-°¬ sh-t≈-∏mS-Øn\p k-ao-]-sØ sh-t≈°p-f-Øn¬ Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßn-bXm-bn-cp-∂p. an-Zv-em-Pv am{XamWv Ipf-Øn-en-d-ßn-bXv. Ip-fØn¬ Nm-Sn-b an-Zv-em-Pn-s\ Im-



A-¯m-Wn-¡Â t\-äo-hv F.bp.]n kv-Iqfn\v C¶v Ah[n

Wm-Xmb-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v Ip-´nIƒ \m-´p-Imsc Adn-bn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. C-h¿ Hm-Sn-sb-Øn Xn-c-®n-em-cw-`n-®p. a-‰p aq-∂v Ip´n-I-f-S-°w \m-ep-t]-cm-Wp Ip-

fn-°-S-hn-se-Øn-b-Xv. B-g-°qSp-X-ep-≈ `m-K-Øm-b-Xn-\m¬ \m-´p-Im¿ a-Wn-°q-dp-Iƒ Xn-cs™-¶n-epw I-s≠-Øm-\m-bn√. H-Sp-hn¬ \m-e-c-tbm-sS A·n-i-a-\-tk-\-bpw t]m-en-kpw F-Øn-bm-Wp ar-X-tZ-lw Is≠-Sp-Ø-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw tIm-gnt°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv Bip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p am-‰n. a-c-W-Øn¬ A-\p-tim-Nn-®v sh-≈n-bm-gv-N kv-Iq-fn-\v A-h[n-bm-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂v {]-[m-\[ym-]-I≥ Fw hm-kp ]-d-™p. an-Zv-em-Pn-s‚ k-tlm-Z-cn: \nbm-Pm-kv-an-≥ (\-gv-k-dn hn-Zym¿Yn-\n).

¹-kv h¬ hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\nho-«n Xq-§n a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

am-f: π-kv h¨ hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-sb ho-´n¬ Xq-ßn a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn. I-cp-hn-e-t»-cn N-≠ß-]-d-ºn¬ cm-[m-Ir-jv-W-t‚Spw cm-[-bp-tS-bpw G-I-a-I-fm-b _n-μp-P(16)s\-bm-Wv ho-Sn-s‚ c≠mw \n-e-bn-se D-Ø-c-Øn¬ Xq-ßn a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-b C-∂-se cm-hnse B-dn-\pw 10\pw C-S-bn-em-Wv kw-`-hw. Ip-´n-°v sN-dn-b am-\-kn-I {]-iv-\-ap-≠m-bn-cp-s∂-∂m-Wv kq-N-\. am-f skm-t°m¿-skm tIm¨-sh‚ v kv-Iq-fn¬ π-kv h-Wn-\v ]Tn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. am-f t]m-en-kv ta¬\-S-]-Sn kzoI-cn-®p. t]m-kv-‰p-tam¿-´w \-SØn-b ar-X-tZ-lw.


8

thÀ-]mSv

KANNUR

7 am¿®v 2014 sh≈n

dn-bm-Zn-se hm-l-\m-]-I-Sw: a-c-Ww A-©m-bn B-ky

A-en

]mÀ-h-Xn-b-½

tKm-hn-µ³

e-£v-an

Ip-«p-a-Wn

A-\-´³ \-¼ymÀ

a-dn-b-¡p-«n

s]-cn-b: s]-cn-bm-´-Sp°w sN-cp-º-bn-se ]tc-X-\m-b ]n ]n A∫m-kn-s‚ `m-cy ]n ]n hn-√-bn-se B-ky (65). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv im^n, _-jo¿, d-^o-Jv sN-cp-º (aq-h-cpw bp.F.-C.-), k-^n-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: \p-kv-d-Øv, ^ukn-b, lm-P-d, ]-tc-X\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zv au-Δ¬. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-lΩ-Zv, sam-bv-Xo≥ Ip™n, Ip-™m-an-\, am™p, J-Zo-P, ]-tc-X\m-b sN-cp-º A-–p-√.

B-\-°-c: I-cn-b-∂q¿ sXm-tdm]-d-ºn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b _m-h-lm-Pn-bpsS a-I≥ A-en (39).-`mcy: ^u-kn-b. a-°ƒ: l-kv-\m -sj-dn≥, ap-lΩ-Zv- A-kv-an¬, ap-l-Ω-Zv A≥-jn-Zv. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se F´n\v Icn-b-∂q¿ Pp-ama-kv-Pn-Zv J-_-¿ÿm-\n¬.

am-eq¿: am-eq¿ kn-‰n-bnse h-S-°-bn¬ ho-´n¬ \-cn-t°m-S≥ ]m¿-h-Xnb-Ω (85). ]-tc-X-cm-b ]-∂n-tbmS≥ Ip-™n-°-Æ≥ \ºym-cp-sS-bpw \-cn-t°mS≥ I-eym-Wn-bp-sS-bpw a-I-fm-Wv. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Im¿-Xym-b-\nbΩ, tKm-hn-μ≥, ]-tc-Xcm-b Ip-™n-cm-a≥ (dn´. am-eq¿ bp.]n kvIqƒ), \m-cm-b-W≥ \ºym¿, Nn-cp-ssX.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: a¬-kysØm-gn-em-fn-bpw tIm¨-{K-kv {]-h¿-ØI-\p-am-b I-∂p-ho-Sv I-S∏p-d-sØ _n ]n tKm-hnμ≥ (59). \m-fn-tI-c hnI-k-\ k-l-I-c-W kwLw ap-≥ U-b-d-Œ-dm-Wv. `m-cy: `m¿-K-hn. a-°ƒ: \n-jm-¥v, kp-`m-jv (t]m-en-kv Im-k¿-tImUvv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-ay, emh-Wy. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: Ip-™n-cm-a≥, Pm-\-In, Ip-™n-°-Æ≥, Kw-Km[-c≥, ]-tc-X-cm-b Aºp, I-cp-Wm-I-c≥.

sIm-√-t¶m-Sv: sIm-√t¶m-Sv s\-t∑-\n In-gt°-]-d-ºv No´p-]p-fn ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-∏p°p-´-s‚ `m-cy e-£v-an (85). a-°ƒ: in-h-cm-a≥, tkXp-am-[-h≥, D-Æn-Ir-jvW≥ (B-≠n-ø), im-¥Ip-am-cn, t{]-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: I-\-Im-a-Wn, im-cZ, C-μn-c, Ir-jv-W≥ (aWn), kp-μ-c≥.

B-e-Øq¿: Im-h-t»cn ]o-t®m-´n¬ kn Ip-´p-aWn (70). `m-cy: X-¶. a°ƒ: eo-e, kp-tc-{μ≥, c-ta-jv, jo-e. a-cpa°ƒ: a-Wn-I-WvT≥, kp-Pm-X, kp-tc-jv, Kucn.

Im-∏m-Sv: _m¬-kn-\p kao-]w kzm-an k-Z\ - n¬ sI kn A-\¥ - ≥ \-ºym¿ (85). `m-cy: sX-t°-ho-´n¬ Pm-\I - nb-Ω. a-°ƒ: KoX, Kn-co-jv (ku-Zn), Ko-P, {]-Im-iv (ku-Zn). a-cp-a°ƒ: l-co-{μ≥, k-eq-P, A-tim-I≥, tdm-P. kwkvI - m-cw C-∂v ssh-Io-´v A-©n-\v ho-´p-hf - ∏ - n¬.

B-e-t°m-Sv: c-b-tcmsØ tPm-k-^v Ip-gn-a-‰Øn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-b-°p´n (72). a-°ƒ: Ip-´n-b-Ω, h¬k-Ω, kp-P, tdm-bv. a-cpa-°ƒ: t_-_n, s_-∂n, dm-Wn. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v D-®-bv-°v aq-∂n-\v s\√n-∏m-d tlm-fn-^m-an-\n ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cnbn¬.

I-Zo-kp-½ in-h-]p-cw: ]-tc-X-\mb Nq-tcym-´v aq-k-bp-sS `m-cy Fw F J-Zo-kp-Ω (76). a-°ƒ: B-_q-´n, l-aoZv, a-Po-Zv, A-iv-d-^v, Ip™m-Xp, kp-l-d, i-co^, a-dn-bp, ^u-kn-b. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v in-h-]p-cw Su¨ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

lw-k C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g sI.C.]n. lu-kn¬ hf-∏n-\-I-Øv lw-k (72). a-c-°-®-h-S-°m-c-\m-bncp-∂p. `m-cy: sI C ]n B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: aqkm≥, Ip¬-kp-Ω, _jo¿, sam-bv-Xo≥, Ip™m-an-\, j-°o-e, jao-a, dp-_o-\, a-l-aq-Zv, iw-ko-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: dm-_n-b, kn±o-Jv, dw-e, B-cn-^, \ujm-Zv, A-–p¿d-lvam≥, k-ao¿, J-eo¬. k-tlmZ-c-߃: a-°n, Ip¬-kpΩ, ]-tc-X-\m-b hn ap-lΩ-Zv.

D-½-¿-¡p-«n sF-°-c-∏-Sn: ]q-®m-en¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-∂n-t°mS≥ tIm-bm-en-°p-´n-bpsS `m-cy D-Ω-ø-°p-´n (80). a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, kp-ss_Z, B-bn-im-_n, a-dn-bpΩ, ^m-Øn-a, ]-tc-X-cmb \-^o-k, Ip-™n-∏mØp-´n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssl-Z¿, A_q-_-°¿, kp-sseam≥, A-e-hn-°p-´n, ]-tcX-\m-b A-ssk≥, a-ΩZn-j.

A-en I-S-∏p-dw: K-h. B-ip-]{Xn-°v k-ao-]w ]-tc-X\m-b ]p-Xp-ho-´n¬ ImZ¿- a-I≥ A-en(67). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v D-∏m-∏-]≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `mcy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: ap_m-d-Iv, A-j-d-^-v, kpl-d, _p-j-d, \-ko-a. acp-a-°ƒ: d-km-Jv, A-jd-^-v, d-km-Jv, jm-Pn.

sIm-än-¡p-«n Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: F.B¿ \-K¿ tXm-´-t»-cn-b-d ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-™n-°mcn-bp-sS `m-cy ]m-e-°¬ sIm-‰n-°p-´n (68). a°ƒ: h-≈n, kp-\n-¬Ipam¿, kp-io-e, ko-X, im-¥n, c-P-\n, a-Rv-Ppj, kp-kv-an-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: \o-e-I-≠≥ ]mW-{º, A-ø-∏≥ ]p-Ibq¿, N-{μ≥ Xo-t≠-°mSv, th-em-bp-[-≥ Im-°t©-cn, kp-tc-jv _m_p ]m-°-S-∏p-dm-b, _m_p-cm-Pv Im-S-∏-Sn.

D-kv-am³ tIm-´-°¬: ]-d-ºn-eßm-Sn I-√p-sh-´p-]m-d ]-tc-X-\m-b N-ß-cwtNm-e aq-k-bp-sS aI≥ D-kv-am≥ (Ip-™p˛62). am-Xm-hv: _n-øp-Ω. `mcy: k-^n-b. a-°ƒ: \u-jm-Zv, \u-jo-Z. a-cpa-I≥: jm-Pn.

I-Wm-c³ ta-∏-bq¿: a-™-°p-fsØ ]-t´-]-d-ºn¬ IWm-c≥ (78). `m-cy: e£van. a-°-ƒ: _m-e-N{μ≥, _m-_p, hn-t\mZ≥, Zn-t\-i≥, Zn¬-PnØv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-aXn, ssj-P, Zn-hy, hn-Pnj, c-ay.

J-Zo-P B-eß - mSv: am-fn-Iw-]oSnI tN¿-Ø\ - m-Sv tdm-Un¬ Ip-‰n-°m-´p-]d - º - n¬ ]-tcX\m-b sa-bvX - o-s‚ `m-cy J-Zo-P(80). a°ƒ: ap-lΩZv, kpl-d, ko-\Ø - v, dlvaØv. a-cp-a° - ƒ: l-\o-^, A–p¬-ke - mw, jm-Pn-_n.

^m¯na ]-dh - q¿: sh-Sn-ad - aq-te-∏d-ºn¬ (Im-™n-c∏ - d - ºv) A-Iv_ - ¿ a-Iƒ ^m-Øna(19). am-Xm-hv: dw-e. k-tlm-Zc - ߃: sF-j, B-cn-k, A-^ve, A-∫mkv.

tPm¬-k¬ tXma-kv Xr-∏q-Wn-Øp-d: ]qWnØp-d C√-Øp-]d-ºv tdm-Un¬ I√p-]m-e-Øn¶¬ ho-´n¬ tPm¨k≥ tXm-a-kv(65). a°ƒ: tdmWm-tIm-´q¿, dn-a(Im-\U), \n\n. a-cpa°ƒ: kmwk-Mv tIm´q¿, Pnkv-tPm¨, tPm_n tP-°_v.

Ir-jv-W³ \m-bÀ sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: sh-ºmbw aq-∂m-\-°p-gn a-e-apIƒ h-√-`w-Ip-gn ho-´n¬ ]n Ir-jv-W≥ \m-b¿ (63). `m-cy: C-μn-cm-tZ-hn.

_-¥n-tbm-Sv (Im-k¿-tIm-Uv): Dw-d I-gn-™v a-S-ßpI-bm-bn-cp-∂ Ip-Spw-_w k-©-cn-® Im¿ Un-ssh-Udn-en-Sn-®v a-dn-™v ]-cn-t°-‰v dn-bm-Zn-se B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bncp-∂ kv-{XoIq-Sn a-cn-®p. I¿-Wm-S-I D-Up-∏n kz-tZin-\n \n-j-(27)bm-Wv C∂-se ssh-Io-´v a-cn-®-Xv. CtXmsS Cu A]-I-SØn¬ acn-®-h-cpsS FÆw A©m-bn. I-gn-™ Rm-bm-dm-gv-N ]p-e¿-s® dn-bm-Zn¬ \n∂p 70 In.-ao A-I-se ap- \n-j km-an-b°p k-ao-]w dn-bm-Zv-˛-a-° ssl-th-bn-embncp∂p A]-ISw. A-]-I-S-Øn¬ \n-j-bp-sS `¿Øm-hv t_-°q¿ sI-Sm-°¬ lu-kn¬ A-–p¬ eØo-^v (37), ]n-Xm-hv A-d-_n (65), am-Xm-hv B-bn-im_n (54), e-Øo-^n-s‚ F-´p-am-kw {]m-b-ap-≈ a-I≥ en-km≥ F-∂n-h¿ t\-c-tØ a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. C-h-cp-sS a-ø-nØv C-∂-se dn-bm-Zn¬ J-_-d-S-°n H-cp a-Wn-°qdn-\v ti-j-am-Wv \n-jbpsS ac-Ww. A-]-I-S-Øn¬]-cn-t°-‰ A-–p¬-e-Øo-^n-s‚ a-°-fm-b B-bn-i ep-_m≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv en-lm≥, \n-j-bp-sS k-tlm-Zc≥ \n-km¿, _-‘p lm-cn-kv F-∂n-h¿ dn-bm-Zn-se B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-Wv.

ss_¡n temdn-bn-Sn¨v _m-¦v Hm-^n-kÀ a-cn¨p

I-©n-t°m-Sv: -ss_°n¬ temdn-bn-Sn®v _m-¶v Poh\-°m-c≥ acn-®p. Cu-tdm-Uv \-√n-tØm-´w cm-tP-{μs‚ a-I≥ Im¿-Øn-Iv (24) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ]m-e-°mSv ]n-cn-hp-im-e-bn-se sF-.kn-.sF-.kn-.sF _m-¶nse I-Ã-a¿ Hm-^n-k-dm-bncp-∂p. tZ-io-b-]m-X ]p-Xp-t»-cn kv-Iqƒ PMvj-\n¬ C∂-se cm-hn-se 8.30\m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Hm-^nknte-°p h-cp-∂-Xn-\n-sS F-Xn-tc h-∂ tem-dn-bp-am-bn Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v tem-dn-°-Sn-bn¬ Ip-Sp-ßp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. kw-`-h-ÿ-e-Øp-X-s∂ a-c-n-®p. ar-X-tZ-lw Pn√m B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn-¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´w \-SØn \m-´n-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]m-bn.

ss_-¡n-Sn-¨p ]cn-t¡ä bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p sam-bv-Xo³-tIm-b

sI- ]n- ap-l-½-Zv- am-ÌÀ-

ssk-\-_

G-\n- lm-Pn -

lw-k

C-¯n-¡p-«n

I-®³

Ip-ªo-_n

N-°pw-I-S-hv: Hm¿t°m-´p-h-b¬ Xm-Snlu-kv sam-bv-Xo≥tIm-b (67). `m-cy: kp-ss_-Z. a°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ Ako-kv, J-Zo-P, ap-l-ΩZv dm-^n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ku-Z, l-\o-^, dp-^vkm-\.

s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ-:- tk-ewsh-Sn-h-bv]n-se- A-\p-`-hkm-£n-bpw- kn-.]n-.Fw- Pn√m- I-Ωn-‰n- Aw-K-hp-am-bncp-∂- sI- ]n- ap-l-Ω-Zv- amÿ- (86)-.- h-≈p-h-\m-´n-seI-Ωyq-WnÃv Im-c-W-h-cpwI¿-j-I-kw-Lw- t\-Xm-hpam-bn-cp-∂p.`m-cy-:- ]m-Øp-Ω.- a-°ƒ-:]m-Øp-Ω-°p-´n,- ap-l-Ω-ZvC-Jv-_m¬- (tI-c-f- tIm-˛Hm-]-td-‰o-hv- Fw-tπm-bokv- bq-\n-b-≥ kw-ÿm-\I-Ωn-‰n- Aw-Kw,- C-.Fw-. Fkv- kv-am-c-I- k-l-I-c-WB-ip-]-{Xn-),- B-bn-i,- JZo-P.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:- sam-bv-XpÆn-,- I-a-dp-∂o-k,- A-_q_-°¿,- ]-tc-X-\m-b- Ip™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv-.1950 s^-{_p-h-cn- 11\v- tkew- P-bn-en¬- \-S-∂- shSn-hbv-]n¬-\n-∂v- X-e-\mcn-g-bv-°m-Wv- A-∂v- 22 hb- p-Im-c-\m-bn-cp-∂- sI]n- c-£-s∏-´-Xv.- h-≈p-h\m-´n¬- A-[ym-]-I-˛-I¿j-I- {]-ÿm-\-Øn-s‚bpw- IΩyq-Wn-Ãv ]m¿-´nbp-sS-bpw- A-a-c-°m-c-\mbn-cp-∂p.-

tN-f-∂q¿: I-Æ-¶-c tImtdm-Øv-s]m-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b A-_v-Zp¬ Jm-Z¿ km-ln-_n-s‚ `m-cy tIm´mw-Ip-∂p-Ω¬ (F-S-°c) ssk-\-_ (87). a°ƒ: J-Zo-P, kp-ss_-Z, A-_v-Zp¬ d-low (dn-´. ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv), dm-_nb (sl¬-Øv Un-]m¿-´vsa‚ v).

h-fm-t©-cn: ]u-c{- ]-apJ≥ sIm-fa - w-Ke - w a-l√ - v ap-Xh - √ - n-bpw ap≥ {]-knU-‚p-am-b I-f∏ - p-em≥ G-\n- lm-Pn (92). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b D-Ωm-Ø. a°ƒ: Ip-™n-am≥, ap-lΩ-ZI v- p-™n, kn-≤o-Jv, lw-k, _m-h, _o-cm≥Ip-´n (A¬-sF≥), ap-Po_v (Pn-±), dw-e, P-ao-e. acp-a° - ƒ: ^m-Øn-a, ^mØn-a° - p-´n, P-ao-e, J-ZoP, Ip-t™mƒ, j-co-^, ap-lvk - n-\, Ip-™m- e - ≥, ssk-Xm-en-°p-´n. ktlm-Zc - ≥: Ip-™m-∏plm-Pn.

sN¿-∏p-f-t»-cn: F-enb-s∏-‰ Ip-fn-bm-Sv ]-≈n°p -k-ao-]sØ \-ºn‰n-°p-fw lw-k (73). `mcy: ^m-Øn-Ω. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zm-en, _-jo¿, ho-cm≥-Ip-´n (tX-P-kv sN¿-∏p-f-t»-cn te-JI≥), A-∫m-kv, dp-Jnb, k-^n-b, k-°o-\, kp-l-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A–p, sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip-´n, ho-cm≥, j-co-^v, B-an\, d-kn-\, k¬-Ω, ^ko-e.

F.B¿ \-K¿: ]m-e-aTØn-≥-Nn-\ I-≈n-b-Øv A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n-bp-sS `mcy Xm-g-Øp-ho-´n¬ CØn-°p-´n (72). a-°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn, ap-l-Ω-ZvtIm-b, kp-sse-am≥ (ZΩmw), A-–p-√, ^m-Øna, J-Zo-P, \-^o-k, Bbn-i. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-co-^v, A-øq-_v, a-Po-Zv, iw-kp, ssa-aq-\-Øv, kp-sse-J, d-lv-a-Øv, km-Pn-Z.

Ip-‰ym-Sn: ap-≈-º-Øv Ipt™m-fn-s]m-bn¬ IÆ≥ (83). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b ]m-dp. a-°ƒ: Pm\p, A-tim-I≥, N-{μn, N{μ≥, C-μn-c, cm-P≥, Knco-i≥, ssj-\n, ssjPp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-Wp, N{μn, N-{μ≥, ssj-e, hnt\m-Z≥, c-ay, k-Pn-X, cmPo-h≥, a-tl-jv. k-©-b\w sh-≈n-bm-gv-N.

B-an-\

]-≈n-°-c: ku-Øv Fcp-ta-en a-‰-∏n-≈n ho´n¬ ]-co-Xv a-I≥ ap-lΩ-Zv(67). `mcy: _o^mØp. a-°ƒ: A_p, ^m-Øn-a, dw-e-Øv. a-cpa-°ƒ:A-en-bm¿, kØm¿, sF-jm-_ohn.

am-tØm-´w: C-Sn-bm-\w ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b C hn D-kva - m≥-tIm-bb - p-sS `mcy F≥ hn Ip-™o-_n (60). a-°ƒ: C-Jv_ - m¬ (dn-bm-Zv), dn-bm-kv, Cu-kt°m-b ( Pn.F-®v.Fkv.F-kv. I-cp-h≥-s]mbn¬), ko-\Ø - v, _p-jvd - , ko-\Ø - v. a-cp-a° - ƒ: Ip™n-_m-h (Pn.F-®v.Fkv.F-kv. sIm-fØ - d - ), k°o¿ (J-Ø¿), k-°o-\, ^m-Xzn-a, ^m-Xzn-a.

tI-fp ]-Wn-¡À Ip-‰ym-Sn: I-°-´n-se cb-tcm-Øp ao-ج tIfp-]-Wn-°¿ (94). sXøw I-em-Im-c-\pw Ipdpw-Ip-g¬ hm-Zym hn-ZKv[-\p-am-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b Pm-\p. a-°ƒ: cm-P≥ (dn-´. X]m¬ h-Ip-∏v), _m-eIr-j-vW≥ (dn-´. ]n.Uªyp.Un. h-Ip-∏v), KoX, ]-tc-X-bm-b h¬k-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-{_-lv-aWy≥ (dn-´. Fkv._n.Sn, tIm-gn-t°mSv), im-¥ h-≠q¿, tim` ]m-\q¿. k-©-b-\w Rm-b-dm-gv-N.

_n-¿m-¯p ]-tøm-fn: Xp-d-bq¿ Ipep-∏ ]-tc-X-\m-b aW¬-∏o-Sn-I-bn¬ kq-∏nbp-sS `m-cy Ip-ep-∏-hb¬ _n-øm-Øp (80). a-°ƒ: B-bn-i, A–p¬- I-cow, ]-tc-X-\mb A-Ω-Xv.

B-bn-i Hm-a-t»-cn: ]m-ºn-g-™]m-d ]-tc-X-\m-b Xq-ºØv ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy B-bn-i (70). a-°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn, apl-Ω-Zm-en, J-Zo-P, kpss_-Z, D-Ω¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, k_p¿-Jm≥, B-an-\, ssk-\-_, ssa-aq-\.

sN-Ã-½ sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: sh-ºmbw Ip-Xn-c-Ip-fw tKm-Ipe-Øn¬ \m-cm-b-W-]n≈-bp-sS `m-cy sN-√-Ω (92). a-°ƒ: tZ-h-In-bΩ, tam-l-\≥ \m-b¿, iym-a-f, k-c-f, ap-c-fo-[c≥ \m-b¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-¶-∏≥ \m-b¿, `m-a, \m-cm-b-W≥ \m-b¿, kXo-i≥ \m-b¿, kp-a.

e-£van s]-cp-º-S-∂: Iq-\-¥-dbn¬ Ir-jv-W≥ `m-cy e-£v-an(81). a°ƒ: h¬-k(sh-‰n\-dn Bip-]{Xn G-gn-°-c), Pb. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _me≥, DÆn.

hÀ-Ko-kv ]m-h-d-´n: Iq-\w-aq-®n Np-¶-Øv A-t¥m-Wn-bpsS a-I≥ h¿-Ko-kv(56). `m-cy: Pq-en. a-°ƒ: hnim¬, hn-Pn≥.

B-e-ßm-Sv: am-fn-Iw]oSn-I tN¿-Ø-\m-Sv tdm-Un¬ Cu-dm-´p∏-Sn P-am-en-s‚ `m-cy B-an\(48). a°ƒ: A-Pa¬, A-ko-\. Ip-‰n-∏p-g-]dºv A-–p√-bp-sS a-I-fmWv B-an-\.

cm-P-½ I-√-d: i-c-h-W P-Mv-j≥ Nm-ep-hn-f ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ ap-Øp-kzm-an B-imcn-bp-sS `m-cy cm-P-Ω (83). a-°ƒ: c-Xv-\-Ω, tim-`-\-Ip-am-cn, kz-bw{]-`, ]p-jv-]-Ip-am-cn, Atim-I≥ B-im-cn.

ap-l-½-Zv

_o-^m-¯n-a C-S-∏≈n: k-l-Ic-Wtdm-Uv h-en-b-]mS-Øv ]tc-X\m-b Ip-™p-ap-lΩ-Zn-s‚ `m-cy _o-^mØn-a(65). a°ƒ: J-ZoP-_ohn, sk-°o-\, Akokv, jm-ln-Z, k°o¿, \-Zo-d.

ssa-Xo³-Ip-ªv N-hd - : Iq-gw-Ip-fß - c - ]pØ≥ ho-´n¬ kn sI ssa-Xo≥-Ip-™v(75). `mcy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b J-Zo-Pm _o-hn. a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ d-low, kp-lvd - m _o-hn, C-kva - m-bn¬ Ip-™v, ko-\Ø - v _o-hn, jmlp¬ l-k≥, k-em-lp±o≥, d-jo-Zm _o-hn.

{io-[-c³ ]n-Å Xn-cp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cw: t]-cq¿°-S C-μn-cm \-K¿ tZ-ho-`h-\n¬ {io-[c - ≥ ]n-≈ (73). `m-cy: im-¥I - p-am-cnb-Ω.

]-g-b-ßm-Sn: I-gn-™Zn-h-kw tIm-gn_-km-dn¬ ss_-°n-Sn-®v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰v ]-cn-bm-cw saUn-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-® bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. am-Sm-bn B¿.kn. N¿-®n-\p k-ao-]-sØ ]-\-b≥ kp\n-emWp (40) a-cn-®-Xv. ]-tc-X-\m-b eq-bn-kv ]-\b≥-˛-kn-t\m-_n-b Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS a-I-\m-Wv. A-hnhm-ln-X-\m-Wv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: sP-bnw-kv, \m≥kn, ssj-e. t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw C-∂p cmhn-se 10\v B¿.kn. N¿-®v sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬ kw-kvI-cn-°pw.

Xq-§n-a-cn-¨ \ne-bnÂ

Im-™-ßm-Sv: bp-hm-hn-s\ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. ]m-W-Øq-cn-se \m-cm-b-W≥ B-Nm-cnbp-sS a-I≥ A-\q-]n(29)s\-bm-Wv Izm-¿t´-gv-kn¬ acn-®\n-e-bn¬ I-≠-Xv. am-Xm-hv: e-£v-an. k-tlm-Z-c߃: kp-\n¬-Ip-am¿, kp-Pm-X, kn-‘p, ]-tc-X-\mb _m-_p. -

t^mÀ-«p-sIm-¨n I-S-Â-¯o-c-¯v bp-hm-hnsâ arX-tZlw

a-´m-t©-cn: t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n I-S¬-Øo-c-Øv bp-hmhn-s\ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. a-´mt©-cn t]men-kv sse-\n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ a-I≥ I-eman(48)s\bm-Wv C-∂-se cm-hn-se t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n I-S¬-Øoc-sØ No-\-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]w a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠Xv. I-Sen¬ H-gp-In-\-S-∂ ar-X-tZ-lw \m´p-Im¿ Adnbn-®-Xns\ XpS¿∂v sse-^v Km¿-Um-Wv I-c-bv-s°Øn-®-Xv. hn-√n-Mv-S¨ sF-e‚n¬ Np-a-´p-sXm-gn-em-fn-bmbncp∂ Iemw _p-[-\m-gv-N -cm-{Xn-bm-Wv ho-´n¬-\n∂p-t]m-b-Xv. t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n tIm-kv-‰¬ t]m-en-kv F.F-kv.sF tPm-k-^n-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ C≥-IzÃv X-øm-dm-°n ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv-‰vtam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw ]-Sn-™m-sd-t°m-Sv ap-ln-bp-±o≥ ]-≈n J_¿-ÿ-m-\n¬ ad-hp-sNbvXp. `m-cy: d-lva-Øv. a°ƒ: k-t\m-Pv, k-Pn-Øv.

hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\n- Xq-§na-cn-¨ \n-e-bn _m-eI - r-jW -v ³

tI-f-¸³

_o-^m-¯n-a

D-½À

]m-¯p-½

B-an-\-¡p-«n -

ssl-{Zp -

lw-k -lm-Pn I-]qÀ

A-b-\n-°m-Sv: \-{º-ØvIp-∂-Øv _m-e-Ir-jvW≥ (50). `m-cy: iym-a-f. a-°ƒ: kn-Rv-Pp, A-RvPp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {]-_o-jv, tkm-Pn-Øv. k-tlm-Z-c߃: eo-e, F≥ sI `mkv-I-c≥ (\n-¿-am-W-sØmgn-em-fn bq-\n-b≥ kn.sF.-Sn.bp sIm-bn-em≠n G-cn-bm sk-{I-´-dn), N-{μ≥, kp-[m-I-c≥.

I-°-´n¬: ]m-Xn-cn-∏-‰-bnse Iq-ap-≈p-Ω¬ tI-f∏≥ (80). `m-cy: tZ-hn. a°ƒ: im-¥, do-P, h¬-ke. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _m-e≥ tN-e-°m-Sv, A-\-¥≥ ssI-th-en, tam-l-\≥ Xm-hp-≈-sIm-√n. k-tlmZ-c-߃: I-Æ≥, Nm-Øp, am-Wn, tZ-hn, b-tim-Z, ]tc-X-bm-b am-Xp.

C-S∏ - ≈n: k-lI - c-W tdm-Uv h-en-b] - mS-Øv ]tc-X\m-b Ip-™p-ap-lΩ-Zn-s‚ `m-cy _o-^mØn-a (65). a°ƒ: J-Zo-P_ohn, k-Io-\, Akokv, jm-ln-Z, k-°o¿, \-Zo-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-lΩZv, A-_q-_°¿, lko-\, A-Iv_¿, ku-ay, e-Øo^v.

\-√-fw: F hn D-Ω¿ (61). ]m-f-bw P-b-¥n _n¬-Un-Mn¬ sP._n. A-tkm-kntb-‰n-se sXm-gn-em-fnbm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: kpl-d. a-°ƒ: A-iv-d-^v, B-kn-bm-_o-hn, Bbn-im _o-hn. a-cp-a°ƒ: k-°o¿, dn-bmkv, kp-l-d.

\-cn-°p-\n: ]m-d-∂q¿ hnfn-∏m-hn¬ ao-ج ]-tcX-\m-b A-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `mcy ]m-Øp-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: hn Fw A-–p¬- e-Øo^v (J-Ø¿), kp-ss_-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-–p¬ Ako-kv (sN-e-{]w), B-bni. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: C-ºn®n-t°m-b, B-bn-i, ]-tcX-cm-b A-l-Ω-Zv, Ipt™m-Xn, Cu-k.

aq-∂n-bq¿: sh-fn-ap-°v ]tc-X-\m-b ta-t®-cn _ocm≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy aW-°-S-h≥ B-an-\-°p-´n (92). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´n, A-h-dm≥-Ip-´n, A-–p¿d-lvam≥, ^m-Øn-a, _n-cn-b-Ωp, ssk-\-_. acp-a-°ƒ: ]m-Øp-Ωp, IZn-bm-ap, ]m-Øp-Ωp, ]-tcX-cm-b Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv, sam-bv-Xo≥.

F-S-°-c: ]m-te-am-Sv ]b-º-°p-∂v I-°p-gnbn¬ ssl-{Zp (66). `m-cy-am¿: B-bn-i, B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-ZvA-en, k-emw, ^u-kn-b, jmP-lm≥, C-kv-lm-tJv, \n-jm-Øv, D-Ωp-l-_o_, kp-ssl-e-Øv. a-cpa-°ƒ: k-eo-\, _-jo¿, ap-l-Ω-Zv.

a-¶-S: lw-k- lm-Pn I]q¿ (74). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a°ƒ: ssk-_-Øv, \ko¿ (Zp-_-bv). a-cp-a°ƒ: ap-_m-d-Iv A-en, jo-P (Zp-_-bv). k-tlmZ-c-߃: l-k≥-I-]q¿, lp-kbv≥ I-]q¿, Ip™m-Øp-Ω, ]-tc-X-cmb ap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn, Bbn-i, A-_q-_-°¿.

am-f: π-kvh¨ hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-sb ho-´n¬ Xq-ßna-cn® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. I-cp-hn-e-t»-cn N-≠-ß-]-dºn¬ cm-[m-Ir-jv-W-s‚-bpw cm-[-bp-sS-bpw G-I-a-Ifm-b _n-μp-P(16)-bm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-b C-∂-se cm-hn-se B-dn-\pw 10\pan-S-bn-em-Wv kw-`-hw. Ip-´n-°v am-\-kn-I{]-iv-\-ap-≠m-bn-cp-s∂-∂m-Wv kq-N-\. am-f skm-t°m¿-skm tIm¨-h‚ v kv-Iq-ƒ hnZym¿Yn-\n-bm-bn-cp∂p. am-f t]m-en-kv ta¬\-S-]Sn kzo-I-cn-®p.

hnjw D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v a-cn-¨p

sh-™m-d-aqSv: A-º-e-h-f∏n¬ hn-jw D-≈n¬-s®∂v Ahi\n-ebnemb Bsf B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]mIpw h-gn a-cn®p. Ip-Xn-c-Ip-fw Ip-‰nt°mW-Øv ho´n¬ ap-c-fo[-c≥ (52) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C∂-se D-®-bv-°v 12.30\p Ip-Xn-c-Ip-f-sØ A-º-eh-f∏nemWv Cbmsf Ah-i-\n-e-bn¬ I≠Xv. I\ym-Ipf-ß-c I-Ωyq-Wn-‰n sl¬-Øv sk‚dnte°p sIm≠p-t]m-Ipw-h-gn-bmWv ac-Ww. sh-™m-d-aq-Sv t]m-en-kv ta¬-\-S]-Sn kzo-I-cn®p.

s{S-bn³ X-«n a-cn-¨p Ip-ªn-¸m-¯p-«n l-Öp-½

Nn-¶

cm-[

Nn-¶p

Pm-\-In

I-¨n-_n

k-tcm-Pn-\n

Nm-¯³

tIm-´-°¬: ]-tc-X-\m-b X-øn¬ t]m-°¿ lm-Pnbp-sS `m-cy Ip-™n-∏mØp-´n l-÷p-Ω (90).-a°ƒ: B-bn-ip-Ωp, C-ømØp-´n.

F-S-∏mƒ: tIm-sem-f-ºv a-\h-f-∏n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b i-¶-cs‚ `m-cy Nn-∂ (80). a-°ƒ: Iu-k-ey, kp-{_-lv-aWy≥, N-{μn-I, Xym-K-cmP≥, `-c-X≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ:\-fn\n, kz¿-W-Ip-am-cn, _o-\.

th-ß-c: ]-S-∏-d-ºv sh≈p-h≥-Nm-Ø-s‚ `m-cy cm-[ (55). a-°ƒ: c-RvPn-Xv, cm-tP-jv, k-tcm-Pn\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-cm-bW≥, P-b-{io.

F-S-°-c: Np-¶-Ø-d ]q-t°m-´p-a-Æn-se ]tc-X-\m-b Nn-d-°¬ I≠p-hn-s‚ `m-cy Nn-∂p (78). a-I≥: hn-P-b≥. a-cp-a-Iƒ: Pn-j.

sIm-bn-em-≠n: aq-Sm-Sn ]m-d-°m-Sv I-≠n-b-s‚-hnS Pm-\-In (55). a-°ƒ: ss_-Pp, tam-fn. a-cp-aI≥: hn-a¬-cm-Pv. k-©b-\w i-\n-bm-gv-N.

\-Sp-h-´w: ]-tc-X-\m-b kn.]n _o-cm≥-tIm-b amÃ-dp-sS `m-cy ]n. I-®n-_n (56). a-°ƒ: X-kv-co-\, dpJv-km-\, j-l¿-jm≥ (jm-\p). a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-kvX-^, I-cow, dn-Pp-hm-\.

Hm-at- »-cn: ]-tg-SØ - v cm-aN-{μ-s‚- (dn-´. _n.Fkv.F≥.F¬) `m-cy ktcm-Pn-\n (58). a-°ƒ: an-\n, kn-\n, kp-\n-X, kp-\n¬. acp-a° - ƒ: {io-[c - ≥, _n-Pp tX-‰m-ºp-dw, cm-Pp.

Xp-Δq¿: ]m-bn-∏p-√n-se I-cn-ºn¬ Nm-Ø≥ (62). `m-cy: am-Wn. a-°ƒ: im¥, im-en-\n, i-c-Xv. a-cpa-°ƒ: Ir-jv-W≥, kp\n¬-Ip-am¿.

tem-dn-bnSn¨v Hmt«m bm{X-nI-cmb _w-Km-Ä kztZ-inIÄ a-cn-¨p N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ]m-bn-∏m-Sv \mep-tIm-Sn-bn¬ tem-dn-bpw Hmt´m-dn£bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v Hmt´m-bm-{X-°m-cm-b c-≠v A-\ykw-ÿm-\ sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ a-cn®p. ]-›n-a_w-Kmƒ am¬-U Pn√m-°m-cm-b dm-Øp-h P-lmwKo¿ A-en (22), dm-_n-°p¬ Ckv-emw (25) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. ]-cn-t°-‰ _w-Kmƒ kz-tZ-inI-fm-b A-–p¬ h-lm-_v(22), A-_n-lm≥ (25), a-Jv-_q¬-`mbn (25) F-∂n-h-sc tIm-´-bw saUn-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-epw A-jv-dhen(24)s\ N-ß-\m-t»-cn P-\d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw {]-th-in∏n-®p. Hm-t´m -ss{U-h¿ ]m-bn∏m-Sv ap-´-tØm-Sv tPm-bn (55) Xncp-h-√ ]p-jv-]-Kn-cn sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ NnIn¬k-bn-emWv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se G-tgm-sS \m-ep-tIm-Sn P-Mv-j-\n-em-

dm-Øp-h P-lmw-Ko¿ A-en

dm-_n-°p¬ C-kv-emw

bncp∂p A-]-I-Sw. a-cn-® Plmw-Ko¿-A-en \m-´n¬-\n-∂p _p-[m-\m-gv-N cm-hn-sebpw dm_p-°p¬ C-kv-emw 10 Zn-h-k-w apºpamWv ]m-bn-∏ms´-Øn-bXv. ]m-bn-∏m-s´ Xm-a-k-ÿ-eØp -\n-∂p N-ß-\m-t»-cn-bn-te°v tPm-en-°p t]m-Ish \m-ep-

tIm-Sn P-Mv-j-\n-¬h®v s]-cp¥p-cp-Øn `m-K-tØ-°v t]m-hpI-bm-bn-cp-∂ tSm-d-kv tem-dn- Hmt´m-bn¬ C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Hm-t´m-dn£ G-Xm-\pw ao-‰¿ hen-®p-sIm-≠p-t]m-b tijamWv temdn \n∂-Xv. tem-dnss{U-h-sd \m-´p-Im¿ ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn

t]m-en-kn-\p ssI-am-dn. N-ß\m-t»-cn- ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kpw Xrs°m-Sn-Øm-\w F-kv.sF sI ]n hn-t\m-Zn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep-≈ t]m-en-kpw \m-´p-Im-cpw tN¿-∂v c£m-{]-h¿Ø\w \SØn-. kw-`-h-ÿ-e-Øp-X-s∂ c≠p-t]-cpw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZl-߃ N-ß-\m-t»-cn-bn-epw ]n-∂o-Sv tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-te-°pw am-‰n. N-ß-\m-t»-cn P-\-d¬ Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ D-®-bv-°v 12Hm-sS kn F-^v tXm-a-kv Fw.F¬.F, ]m-bn-∏m-Sv {Km-a-∏-©m-bØv {]-kn-U‚ v cm-tP-{μ≥, ap≥ {]-kn-U‚ v F-_n- h¿-Ko-kv, Fkv.Un.]n.sF, t]m-]p-e¿ -{^≠v {]-h¿-Ø-I-cpw k-μ¿-in-®p. F-∂m¬ a-‰p cm-{„o-b-]m¿-´n t\-Xm-°-ƒ F-Øm-Xn-cp-∂-Xv hn-a¿-i-\-Øn-\p Im-c-W-am-bn.

Nn-‰m-´p-I-c: In-g-t°-Ø-e sd-bn¬-th tÃ-j-\p kao-]w a-[y-h-b-kv-I≥ s{S-bn≥ X-´n a-cn-®p. Nq-≠¬ kz-tZ-in In-g-t° a-Æm-S-Øn¬ tkm-a-kp-μ-c≥ (61) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn-bm-Wv A-]-ISw. cm-hn-se ho-´n¬ \n-∂v Xr-iq-cn-te-s°∂p ]-d™v C-d-ßn-bXmbn-cp∂p. `m-cy: C-μn-c. B-ep-h: 60 h-b- v tXm-∂n-°p-∂bmsf B-ep-h sdbn¬-th tÃ-j≥ {Sm-°n¬ s{Sbn≥ Ibdn acn-®-\ne-bn¬ Is≠-Øn. C-cp-\n-dw, A-t©-ap-°m¬ A-Sn D-b-cw, sh-≈-bn¬ I-dp-∏p sse-t\m-SpIq-Sn-b j¿´pw ap-≠pamWv thjw. C-∂-se ssh-Io´v 7.40HmsSbmWv arX-tZlw I≠-Xv.

hn-ZymÀ-Yn Ip-f-¯n ap-§na-cn-¨p h-≈n-°p-∂v (ae-∏p-dw): kvIqƒhn-Zym¿-Yn Ip-f-Øn¬ apßn-a-cn-®p. h-≈n-°p-∂v t\m¿Øv Xm-e-s∏m-en ]-d-ºn-\p k-ao]w h-cn-bm-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-X^-˛-kp-sse-J Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS GI-a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv an-Zv-em-Pv (11) B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. h-≈n-°p-∂v AØm-Wn-°¬ t\-‰o-hv F.bp.]n kv-Iqƒ B-dmw X-cw hn-Zym¿-Ynbm-bn-cp-∂p. hym-gm-gv-N D-®Ign™v 2.30Hm-sS-bm-Wp kw-`-hw. kv-Iq-fn¬ D-®`-£-Ww I-gn™tijw an-Zv-em-Ppw Iq-´p-Imcpw A-Øm-Wn-°¬ sh-t≈-∏mS-Øn\p k-ao-]-sØ sh-t≈°p-f-Øn¬ Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßn-bXm-bn-cp-∂p. an-Zv-em-Pv am{XamWv Ipf-Øn-en-d-ßn-bXv. Ip-fØn¬ Nm-Sn-b an-Zv-em-Pn-s\ Im-

X

A-¯m-Wn-¡Â t\-äo-hv F.bp.]n kv-Iqfn\v C¶v Ah[n

Wm-Xmb-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v Ip-´nIƒ \m-´p-Imsc Adn-bn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. C-h¿ Hm-Sn-sb-Øn Xn-c-®n-em-cw-`n-®p. a-‰p aq-∂v Ip´n-I-f-S-°w \m-ep-t]-cm-Wp Ip-

fn-°-S-hn-se-Øn-b-Xv. B-g-°qSp-X-ep-≈ `m-K-Øm-b-Xn-\m¬ \m-´p-Im¿ a-Wn-°q-dp-Iƒ Xn-cs™-¶n-epw I-s≠-Øm-\m-bn√. H-Sp-hn¬ \m-e-c-tbm-sS A·n-i-a-\-tk-\-bpw t]m-en-kpw F-Øn-bm-Wp ar-X-tZ-lw Is≠-Sp-Ø-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw tIm-gnt°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv Bip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p am-‰n. a-c-W-Øn¬ A-\p-tim-Nn-®v sh-≈n-bm-gv-N kv-Iq-fn-\v A-h[n-bm-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂v {]-[m-\[ym-]-I≥ Fw hm-kp ]-d-™p. an-Zv-em-Pn-s‚ k-tlm-Z-cn: \nbm-Pm-kv-an-≥ (\-gv-k-dn hn-Zym¿Yn-\n).

{io-Ip-amÀ h-[w: H-¶mw-km-£n hn-jw D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v a-cn-¨p Im-´m-°-S: A-º-e-Øn≥-Im-e kn.]n.Fw {]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-bn-cp∂ {io-Ip-am-dn-s\ sIm-e-s∏-SpØn-b tI-kn-se H-∂mw- km£n A-º-e-Øn≥-Im-e kp-tcjv `-h-\n¬ Sn Kn-cn-[-c≥ (59) hnjw D-≈n¬-s®-∂v a-cn-®-p. I-gn™-Zn-h-k-w hn-jw D-f-fn¬-s®∂ \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-bCbmsf Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. A-º-e-Øn≥-Im-e-bn¬ ]e-N-c-°p I-S \-S-Øn-h-cn-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. Cu I-S-bv-°p ap-∂n¬ ]-I¬-k-a-b-Øm-bn-cp-∂p {ioIp-am-dn-s\ H-cp- kw-Lw sh-´n-bXv. kw-`-h-ti-jw C-bmƒ-°v ISp-Ø am-\-kn-Im-kzm-ÿyw D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xm-bn _-‘p-°ƒ ]-d-™p. `m-cy: Xp-f-kn. a-°ƒ: kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, kp-Pm-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: Nn-{X, jn-¥p-em¬.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

am-Xyp-

e-Xn-Im ]n-Å

X-¦-½

sXm-Sp-]p-g: h-≠-a-‰w ]¥-bv-°¬ ]n kn am-Xyp (98). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p D®-I-gn-™v- 3.30 \v- h-≠-a‰w sk‚ v- tPm¿-Pv- ]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: G-\m-\-√q¿ h-S-°pw-]m-S-Øv- ta-cn.

]-g-ho-Sv: \m-c-I-∏-d-ºn¬ hn-P-b-Ip-am-dn (hn.sI._n ]n-≈)s‚ `m-cy e-Xn-Im ]n-≈ (54). kw--kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v. a-°ƒ: eo-P, ePo-jv.

sXm-Sp-]p-g:ssX-∏-d-ºn-¬ _-jo-dn-s‚ `m-cy B-an\(61). I-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 11 \v Im-cn-t°m-Sv ss\-\m¿ ]-≈n-bn¬. ]tc-X aq-hm-‰p-]p-g ]-Sn™m-td-h-´-Øn¬ ]pØ≥-ho-´n¬ Ip-Spw-_mwKw. a-°ƒ : A-Pn ssX-∏d-ºn¬ (tIm¨-{K-kv sF Cu-Ãv a-fi-ew P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dn), k-Po-\, ap-Po_v, d-Po-\.

A-en

tN¿-Ø-e: I-S-°-c-∏-≈n ]-©m-b-Øv G-gmw hm¿Uv ]-\-th-en ]-tc-X-\mb Ip-am-c≥ B-Nm-cn-bpsS `m-cy X-¶-Ω (75). a°ƒ: A-tim-I≥, -Kn-cnP,- eo-e, -c-a, -I-\-I,- ]-tcX-bm-b ]-fln-\n. a-cp-a°ƒ: P-K-Z-Ω,- s]m-∂∏≥, -cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥, -{]`m-I-c≥, -tam-l-\≥, -]tc-X-\m-b i-in-Ip-am¿.

B-an-\

B-\-°-c: I-cn-b-∂q¿ sXm-tdm]-d-ºn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b _m-h-lm-Pn-bpsS a-I≥ A-en (39).-`mcy: ^u-kn-b. a-°ƒ: l-kv-\m -sj-dn≥, ap-lΩ-Zv- A-kv-an¬, ap-l-Ω-Zv A≥-jn-Zv. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se F´n\v Icn-b-∂q¿ Pp-ama-kv-Pn-Zv J-_-¿ÿm-\n¬.

a-dn-b-¡p-«n B-e-t°m-Sv: c-b-tcmsØ tPm-k-^v Ip-gn-a-‰Øn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-b-°p´n (72). a-°ƒ: Ip-´n-b-Ω, h¬k-Ω, kp-P, tdm-bv.

\-koÀ N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ln-Zm-bØv \-K¿ ]m-d-bn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b ]-co-Xv Ip-™ns‚ a-I≥ \-ko¿ (A-ºn ˛63). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v D®-°v 12 \v ]-g-b-]-≈n Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬. `m-cy: jw-e Nn-‰m¿ In-Wdp-aq-´n¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: jo-\, jm-en ( Zpss_). a-cp-a-I≥: \u^¬.

Ip-«p-a-Wn B-e-Øq¿: Im-h-t»cn ]o-t®m-´n¬ kn Ip-´p-aWn (70). `m-cy: X-¶. a°ƒ: eo-e, kp-tc-{μ≥, c-ta-jv, jo-e.

07 am¿®v 2014 sh≈n

In-W-än-\p-Ån A-]-I-S-¯nÂ-s¸-«v a-cn-¨p

]u-tem-kv Hu-tk-^v

tXm-a-kv Ip-cy³

Ip-ªp-tam³

sXm-Sp-]p-g: a-≈-cn-ßmSv tX-°pw-Im-´n¬ ]utem-kv Hu-tk-^v (50). `m-cy: eo-em-Ω ]u-temkv. a-°ƒ: F-_n≥ ]utem-k, F-_n-\ ]u-temkv. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cmhn-se ]-Øn-\v ap-≈-cnßm-Sv eq¿-Zv ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬.

a-W¿-Im-Sv: tX-d-Øm-\Øv I-cn-º-\-Ø-d-bn¬ tXm-a-kv Ip-cy≥ (tPm-bn 90). kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v 3.30 \p a-W¿-Im-Sv sk‚ v ta-co-kv bm-t°m-_m-b I-Øo-{U-en¬. `m-cy: tIm-´-bw ]-Sn-™m-td-Øe-bv-°¬ ]-tc-X-bm-b kq-kn tXm-a-kv. a-°ƒ: c-Rv-Pn (F-d-Wm-Ip-fw), sc-Pp (aqw-ss_) a-cp-a°ƒ: kq-k≥ (F-d-WmIp-fw), P-b (apw-ss_).

Ip-a-c-Iw: ]-Sn-™m-dp-`mK-Øv ]-d-b-{¥-I-f-Øn¬ Ip-™p-tam≥ (59). `m-cy: Aw-_n-I Xp-cp-Øn shfp-tØ-S-Øv Ip-Spw-_mwKw. a-°ƒ: en-Pp,eo-\. acp-a-°ƒ: kp-\n¬, en‚p.kw-kv-°m-cw cm-hnse 10 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

D-kv-am³ tIm-´-°¬: ]-d-ºn-eßm-Sn I-√p-sh-´p-]m-d ]tc-X-\m-b N-ß-cw-tNme aq-k-bp-sS a-I≥ D-kvam≥ (Ip-™p-˛62). am-Xm-hv: _n-øp-Ω. `m-cy: k-^n-b. a-°ƒ: \u-jmZv, \u-jo-Z.

I-Wm-c³ ta-∏-bq¿: a-™-°p-fsØ ]-t´-]-d-ºn¬ IWm-c≥ (78). `m-cy: e£van.

e-£v-an sIm-√-t¶m-Sv: sIm-√t¶m-Sv s\-t∑-\n In-gt°-]-d-ºv No´p-]p-fn ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-∏p°p-´-s‚ `m-cy e-£v-an (85). a-°ƒ: in-h-cm-a≥, tk-Xp-am-[-h≥, D-ÆnIr-jv-W≥ (B-≠n-ø), im-¥-Ip-am-cn, t{]-a.

ta-cn

F-{_-lmw

]mÀ-h-Xn Ip-«-¸³

i-c-Wy

F-{_-lmw Ip-cy³

Ip-ªq-ª-½

hÀ-Ko-kv

Xn-cp-h-√: s]-cp-¥p-cpØn Ip-cp-th-en-Nn-d ]-tcX-\m-b tPm-k-^v F-{_lm-an-s‚ `m-cy ta-cn (68). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hnse 10.30\v Xn-cp-h-√ Fkv.kn.F-kv am¿-tØm-a ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: k-Pn, an-\n. a-cp-a°ƒ; sIm-®p-tamƒ, tam\n-®≥.

]-ºm-hm-en: aq-e-°-bw s\-Spw-]p-d-Øv F-{_lmw (sIm-®v 82). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v 2\v Xp-em-∏≈n am¿-tØm-Ωm «o-lm ]-f-fn-bn¬. `m-cy:A-∂Ω. a-°ƒ : tkm-a¿, s‰ n, kn.Fw \-an-X F-^v.F-kv.Fw.F, k-Æn. a-cpa-°ƒ : tkm-an-\n, A-∏®≥, sP- n.

Xn-cp-h-√: Im-´q-°-c h-enb-Ip-f-Øn¬ hn-iz-\m-Ys‚ a-Iƒ i-c-Wy (20). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°vv H-∂n-\v h-f-™-h-´w dn-ssh-h¬ N¿-®v sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. am-Xm-hv: Dj. k-tlm-Z-c≥: i-c-Xv.

B-ky

D-½-¿-¡p-«n sF-°-c-∏-Sn: ]q-®m-en¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-∂n-t°mS≥ tIm-bm-en-°p-´n-bpsS `m-cy D-Ω-ø-°p-´n (80). a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, kpss_-Z, B-bn-im-_n, a-dnbp-Ω, ^m-Øn-a, ]-tc-Xcm-b \-^o-k.

Xn-cp-h-√: ]-Sn-™m-t‰mX-d C-f-a-‰q¿ Xp-≠nbn¬ F-{_-lmw Ipcy≥ (98). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v c-≠n-\v ]-Sn-™m-t‰mX-d a-e-¶-c Iv-\m-\m-bn I-tØm-en-° ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy; ]-tc-X-bm-b Nn-∂Ω. a-°ƒ; s]m-∂-Ω, Ip-™q-™-Ω, F-{_lmw X-¶-®≥, C sI Ipcy≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b X-¶Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ; tPm¿-Pv, tXma-kv F-{_-lmw, P-bv-\Ω, sP- n, Pm≥-kn, ]tc-X-\m-b tPm-kv.

A-Sq¿: ap-≠p-tIm-´bv-°¬ I-Æ-¶-c aÆn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI F tPm¿-Pn-s‚ `m-cy Ip-™q-™-Ω (96). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. a-°ƒ: tdm-k-Ω, t_-_n, kq-k-Ω, s_-∂n, tPm-kv, emep, km-P≥, ]-tc-X\m-b sP-bnw-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ; tPm¿-PpIp-´n, ]m-ÿ F Fw sN-dn-bm≥, en-√n-°p´n, A-Ωm-fp-Ip-´n, Ip™p-tamƒ, c-a-Wn, _n-Pn, ]-tc-X-\m-b h¿-Ko-kv.

sN-ß-∂q¿: am-tØ-Øv sIm-®p-Xp-≠n¬ Fw Sn h¿-Ko-kv (82). kw-kv-Imcw F-´n-\v cm-hn-se 11\v sh¨-a-Wn sk‚ v ta-cokv Hm¿-Ø-tUm-Iv-k v-hen-b-]-≈n sk-an-Øn-cnbn¬. `m-cy: Ip-™-Ω. a°ƒ; sP-bnw-kv, sP-kn, P-b≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sIm®p-tamƒ, tPm-kv, tj¿fn.

s]-cn-b: s]-cn-bm-´-Sp°w sN-cp-º-bn-se ]-tcX-\m-b ]n ]n A-∫m-kns‚ `m-cy ]n ]n hn-√-bnse B-ky (65). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv im-^n, _jo¿, d-^o-J.v

]q-™m¿: ]-\-®n-∏m-d ( ]p-fn-°-∏m-ew) ]m-d-t°mtW¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-´∏-s‚ `m-cy ]m¿-Δ-Xn Ip´-∏≥ ( X-¶ ˛83). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: i-in, im-¥, Ip´n-b-Ω, Hm-a-\,-tKm-]n, ca-Wn, ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-Pp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-in, tkma≥, A-∏p, an-\n, Ip™p-tam≥, X-¶-Ω, ktcm-Pn-\n.

]mÀ-h-Xn-b-½ am-eq¿: am-eq¿ kn-‰n-bnse h-S-°-bn¬ ho-´n¬ \-cn-t°m-S≥ ]m¿-h-Xnb-Ω (85).

A-en I-S-∏p-dw: K-h. B-ip-]{Xn-°v k-ao-]w ]-tc-X\m-b ]p-Xp-ho-´n¬ ImZ¿- a-I≥ A-en(67). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v D-∏m-∏-]≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `mcy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: ap_m-d-Iv, A-j-d-^-v, kpl-d, _p-j-d, \-ko-a.

tKm-hn-µ³ Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: a¬-kysØm-gn-em-fn-bpw tIm¨-{K-kv {]-h¿-ØI-\p-am-b I-∂p-ho-Sv I-S∏p-d-sØ _n ]n tKm-hnμ≥ (59).

ap-≠-°-bw: In-W-dn¬ \n-∂pw I-b-dp-tºmƒ I-bdn¬ \n-∂pw Du¿-∂v Xm-tg-°v ]-Xn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ C-cp-ºv sIm-fp-Øv Xp-f-®p I-b-dn bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. sIm°-bm¿ shw-ªn I-\-I-]p-cw N-°-\m-`m-K-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b eq-t°m-kn-s‚ a-I≥ tPm-k-^v(jn-_p 34) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. G-¥-bm¿ H-‰a-cw `m-K-Øv kz-Im-cy hyhn-P-bm-\-µ³-]n-Å ‡n-bp-sS In-W¿ hr-Øn]-c-hq¿: sX-°pw-`m-Kw bm-°n-b-Xn-\p ti-jw IXm-g-Øp-ho-´n¬ hn-P-bm- b-dn¬ Xq-ßn I-b-dp-∂-Xn\-μ≥ ]n-≈ (73˛-dn-´. \n-S-bn¬ ssI A-b-™v t]m-kv-‰p-am≥). `m-cy: im- Xm-tg-°v Du¿-∂p-t]m-b¥-Ip-am-cn C-´n A-Ω. at∏mƒ I-b-dn-s‚ A-‰-Øv °ƒ: _n-Pp D-Æn-Øm≥ L-Sn-∏n-®n-cp-∂ C-cp-ºv (ko-\n-b¿ sse-t{_-dnsIm-fp-Øv A-c-s°-´n-\p b≥, G-jym s\-‰v \yq-kv Xm-sg Xp-f-®p I-b-dp-IXn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw),hnbm- b n- c p- ∂ p.Hm- S n- I q- S n- b t\m-Zv D-Æn-Øm≥ (sa-Uv- \m-´p-Im¿ tPm-k-^n-s\ In-W-dn-\p ap-I-fn-se-Øn-s®sI-b¿ tlm-kv-]n-‰¬, Zp- ¶n-epw c-‡w hm¿-∂p sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D_m-bv), k-Pp D-ÆnS≥ X-s∂ ap-≠-°-b-sØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bnØm≥ (_n-kn-\-kv). a-cp- se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c-£n-°-\m-bn-√.ap-≠-°a-°ƒ: tc-jv-a-cm-Pv, knbw t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰ v X-bm-dm-°n Im-™n-c-∏-≈n _n. P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv-‰p-tam¿-´w \-SØn.kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v. `m-cy:kn-\n. a-Iƒ: A-\n-I

a-dn-b-¡p-«n

Iq-h-∏-≈n: Im-cn-Ip-fw hm-c-W-Øv sk-_m-Ãys‚ `m-cy a-dn-b-°p-´n (79). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-Ign-™v 2.30\p Im-cn-Ip-fw ^m-Øn-a-am-Xm ]-≈n-bn¬. a-°ƒ: tPm-bn, kÆn (aw-K-em-]p-cw), tXma-kp-Ip-´n (So-®¿, sk‚ v tPm-¿-Pv bp-]n-F-kv tImcp-tØm-Sv), s_-∂n (aw-Kem-]p-cw), Pn-Ωn (Zo-]n-I, tIm-´-bw), _n-t\m (kuZn), en-kn (F-cp-ta-en k¿-ho-kv k-l-I-c-W _m-¶v). a-cp-a-°ƒ: Nm¿fn Im-c-bv-°m-´v , em-en-bΩ Iq-en-∏p-c-bv-°¬, _n≥-kn Im-c-bv-°¬, jm‚n ap-Xp-Ip-t∂¬, sk-‚ v ta-co-kv F¬-]nF-kv ]p-©-h-b¬), enk-Ω I-f-∏p-c-bv-°¬ , kz-]v-\ No-c-©n-d, ssU\n a-Wn-ap-dn-bn¬ (kuZn).

sIm-än-¡p-«n Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: F.B¿ \-K¿ tXm-´-t»-cn-b-d ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-™n-°mcn-bp-sS `m-cy ]m-e-°¬ sIm-‰n-°p-´n (68). a°ƒ: h-≈n, kp-\n-¬Ipam¿, kp-io-e, ko-X, im-¥n, c-P-\n, a-Rv-Ppj, kp-kv-an-X.

{io-[-c³ \m-bÀ

\q-lv-¡-®v B-im-³

{]-im-´v

in-ip-]m-e³

im-c-Z

Hm-a-\-¡p-«n A-½

hm-k-´n

tPm-k-^v- Un-kq-k

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: hm-a-\]p-cw hm-gv-th-en-t°mWw hn-f-bn¬ ho-´n¬ {io-[-c≥ \m-b¿ (86). `mcy: P-K-Z-Ω. a-°ƒ: X-¶-a-Wn, eo-ema-Wn, c-hn-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ≥ \mb¿, hn-P-b-Ip-am¿, PnPn.

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: sXm-Snbq¿ ap-g-tßm-Sn hn-fbn¬ ho-´n¬ \q-lv-°-Æv B-im-≥(80). `m-cy: kuZm _o-hn. a-°ƒ: A-j-d^v, e-Øo-^v, sj-co-^v, jm-Pn, lp-ssk≥, ^mØn-ap-Øv, sse-e-Øv, Pao-e-Øv, k-^n-b-Øv, \nk. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssj-e-P, ^m-Øn-a, d-kn-b dm-jn-Z, kp¬-^n, jw-kp-±o≥, Pm-^¿-Ip-´n, d-jo-Zv, jmP-lm≥, \m-k¿.

Ip-≠-d: Ip-gn-a-Xn-°m-Sv Nq-c-s∏m-bv-I-bn¬ ]n Fkv {]-im-¥v (36). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 12\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: _o-\. a-I≥: Im¿-ØnI.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Ip-fØq¿ Ip-dp-∏≥-hn-fm-IØv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b hm-kp-tZ-h-s‚ a-I≥ inip-]m-e≥ (75).

t]m-Ø≥-tIm-Sv: A-cntbm-´p-tIm-Ww Ip∂n¬ ho-´n¬ _m-e-s‚ `m-cy im-c-Z (68). a-°ƒ: _m-_p, kn-‘p, _n-μp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: an-\n, D-Zb≥, {io-I-WvT≥.

{io-Im-cyw: sN-dp-h-bv°¬ c-iv-an hn-em-kvØn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tKm]n-\m-Y≥ \m-b-cp-sS `mcy Hm-a-\-°p-´n A-Ω (69). a-°ƒ: c-iv-an, A-\n¬Ip-am¿, P-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: th-Wp-tKm-]m¬, I-emdm-Wn, l-cn-Ip-am¿.

I-√-d: Iq-\≥-th-ß Acp-hn-∏p-dw I-´-bv-°m-en¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b c-ho{μ-s‚ `m-cy hm-k-¥n (63). a-°ƒ: A-\n¬-Ip-am¿, te-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-\n, A-tim-I≥.

am-f: am-f ]-≈n-∏p-dw N°w-Im-´n¬ tPm-k-^vUn-kq-k(88). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v amf ]-≈n-∏p-dw sk‚ v B‚-Wo-kv tZ-hm-e-bØn¬. `m-cy: kn-kn-en. aI≥: ssd-a≥. a-cp-a-Iƒ: sd-Iv-kn.

I-Zo-kp-½ in-h-]p-cw: ]-tc-X-\m-b Nq-tcym-´v aq-k-bp-sS `mcy Fw F J-Zo-kp-Ω (76). a-°ƒ: B-_q-´n, l-ao-Zv, a-Po-Zv, A-iv-d-^v, Ip™m-Xp, kp-l-d, i-co^, a-dn-bp, ^u-kn-b.

sF-jm-_o-hn

I-S-bv-°¬: ]-tc-X-\mb P-am¬ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy sF-jm-_o-hn(85). a-°ƒ: ssd-lm-\-Øv _o-hn, ^m-Øn-am _ohn, Jp-ssd-jm _o-hn, lw-k J-Zo-P _o-hn, \-_o-km C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g sI.C.]n. lu-kn¬ h-f- _o-hn, j-d-^p-±o≥, kfnw, ^-k-ep-±o≥, kp∏n-\-I-Øv lw-k (72). ss_-d-Øv, ss_-Pp. `m-cy: sI C ]n B-bni.

sI- ]n- ap-l-½-Zv- am-ÌÀs]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ-:- tk-ewsh-Sn-h-bv]n-se- A-\p-`-hkm-£n-bpw- kn-.]n-.FwPn-√m- I-Ωn-‰n- Aw-K-hp-ambn-cp-∂- sI- ]n- ap-l-Ω-Zvam-ÿ- (86)-.- h-≈p-h-\m-´nse- I-Ωyq-WnÃv Im-c-Wh-cpw- I¿-j-I-kw-Lwt\-Xm-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p.`m-cy-:- ]m-Øp-Ω.- a-°ƒ-:]m-Øp-Ω-°p-´n,- ap-l-ΩZv- C-Jv-_m¬- ,- B-bn-i,J-Zo-P.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:- sam-bvXp-Æn-,- I-a-dp-∂o-k.

i-in ssI-em-Øp-tIm-Ww: ssI-em-Øp-tIm-Ww hnf-bn¬ ho-´n¬ i-in (59). `m-cy: Hm-a-\. a-°ƒ: kp\n¬-Ip-am¿, kp-tc-jv_m-_p, k-‘ym-Ip-amcn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-_n, en-kn, {]-Im-iv.

sam-bv-Xo³-tIm-b N-°pw-I-S-hv: Hm¿-t°m´p-h-b¬ Xm-Sn-lu-kv sam-bv-Xo≥-tIm-b (67). `m-cy: kp-ss_-Z. a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ A-ko-kv, JZo-P, ap-l-Ω-Zv dm-^n. acp-a-°ƒ: ku-Z, l-\o^, dp-^v-km-\.

ssk-\-_ tN-f-∂q¿: I-Æ-¶-c tImtdm-Øv-s]m-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b A-_v-Zp¬ Jm-Z¿ km-ln-_n-s‚ `m-cy tIm´mw-Ip-∂p-Ω¬ (F-S-°c) ssk-\-_ (87). a°ƒ: J-Zo-P, kp-ss_-Z, A-_v-Zp¬ d-low (dn-´. ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv), dm-_nb (sl¬-Øv Un-]m¿-´vsa‚ v).

I-®³ Ip-‰ym-Sn: ap-≈-º-Øv Ipt™m-fn-s]m-bn¬ IÆ≥ (83). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b ]m-dp. a-°ƒ: Pm\p, A-tim-I≥, N-{μn, N{μ≥, C-μn-c, cm-P≥, Knco-i≥, ssj-\n, ssj-Pp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-Wp, N-{μn, N-{μ≥, ssj-e, hn-t\mZ≥, c-ay, k-Pn-X.

hr-²-s\ In-W-än a-cn-¨-\n-e-bn I-s−-¯n

Nm-cpw-aq-Sv: ho-´n¬ \n-∂v Im-Wm-Xm-b hr-≤-s\ In-W‰n¬ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. \q-d-\m-Sv F-cp-a-°p-g B-im-s‚ ]-So-‰-Xn¬ cm-a-N-{μ≥ ]n-≈ (65)s\-bm-Wv C-∂-se cm-hn-se ho-Sn-\v k-ao-]-ap-≈ D-]-tbm-K-iq\y-am-b In-W-‰n-\p-≈n¬ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Ønb-Xv. _p-[-\m-gv-N cm-hn-se ap-X¬ C-bm-sf Im-Wm-\n√m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: k-c-kz-Xn. a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, kt¥m-jv. \q-d-\m-Sv t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

\n-¡m-ln ]-s¦-Sp-¡m-s\-¯n-bXr-iqÀ kz-tZ-in lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw aq-ew a-cn-¨p

Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´: \n-°m-ln¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°m≥ Cu-cm-‰pt]-S-bn¬ F-Øn-b Xr-iq¿ kz-tZ-in lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw aq-ew a-cn-®p. Xr-iq¿ tIm-´-∏p-dw \-l¿-au-kn-en¬ F≥ ]n Xm-Pp-±o≥ (64) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. c-≠p-h¿-jw ap-ºp-h-sc sN-´n-b-ßm-Sn ]-≈n C-am-am-bn-cp-∂ Cu-cm‰p-t]-´ sh-fp-tØ-cp-ho-´n¬ j-ao¿ au-e-hn-bp-sS \n°m-ln¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°m≥ kp-lr-Øp-°ƒ-s°m-∏w C∂-se cm-hn-se Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´-bn-se-Øn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p sN-´n-b-ßm-Sn ]-≈n `m-c-hm-ln-bm-b Xm-Pp-±-o≥. hnhm-lw I-gn-™ ti-jw Xn-cn-sI ]p-d-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn-\p≈ H-cp-°-Øn-\n-S-bn-em-Wv lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw D-≠m-bXv. Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-seØn-s®-¶n-epw a-c-W-s∏-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: \-l¿\n-k. a-°ƒ:ap-_m-d-°v, ko-\-Øv \n-k, P-∂-Øv \nk, Xu-e-Øv \n-k, _¿-°v-Øv \n-k, l-ko-\ \n-k, j-ln-Z-\n-k, ap-_o-\ \n-k.

A-¼-e-¯n³-Im-e {io-Ip-amÀ h-[w; H-¶mw-km-£n hn-jw D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v a-cn-¨p

Im-´m-°-S: A-º-e-Øn≥-Im-e kn.]n.Fw {]-h¿-ØI-\m-bn-cp-∂ {io-Ip-am-dn-s\ sIm-e-s∏-Sp-Øn-b tIkn-se H-∂mw-km-£n A-º-e-Øn≥-Im-e kp-tc-jv `h-\n¬ Sn Kn-cn-[-c≥ (59) B-Wv hn-jw D-≈n¬-s®-∂v Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-cn-s° a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-k-am-Wp hn-jw D-f-fn¬-s®-∂ \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. A-ºe-Øn≥-Im-e-bn¬ ]-e-N-c-°p I-S \-S-Øn-h-cn-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. Cu I-S-bv-°p ap-∂n¬ ]-I¬-k-a-b-Øm-bncp-∂p {io-Ip-am-dn-s\ H-cp-kw-Lw sh-´n-b-Xv. kw-`-hti-jw C-bmƒ-°v I-Sp-Ø am-\-kn-Im-kzm-ÿyw D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xm-bn _-‘p-°ƒ ]-d-™p. `m-cy: Xp-fkn. a-°ƒ: kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, kp-Pm-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Nn{X, jn-¥p-em¬. Im-´m-°-S t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

hn-jw D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v a-cn-¨p

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: A-º-e-h-f-∏n¬ hn-jw D-≈n¬-s®-∂ \n-e-bn¬ I-≠-bm-sf B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p sIm-≠pt]m-Ipw h-gn a-cn-®p. Ip-Xn-c-Ip-fw Ip-‰n-t°m-W-Øv ho-´n¬ ap-c-fo-[-c≥ (52) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®bv-°v 12.30\p Ip-Xn-c-Ip-f-Øp-≈ H-cp A-º-e-h-f-∏n¬ C-bm-sf hn-jw D-≈n¬-s®-∂ \n-e-bn¬ Im-Wp-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. \m-´p-Im-cm-Wv I-\ym-Ip-f-ß-c I-Ωyq-Wn-‰n sl¬-Øv sk‚-dn¬ sIm-≠p-t]m-b-Xv. h-gn-a-t[y acn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. sh-™m-d-aq-Sv t]m-en-kv ta¬-\S-]-Sn kzo-I-cn-®p.

a-[y-h-b-kv-I³ s{S-bn³ X-«n a-cn-¨p

Nn-‰m-´p-I-c: In-g-t°-Ø-e sd-bn¬-th tÃ-j-\p k-ao]w a-[y-h-b-kv-I≥ s{S-bn≥ X-´n a-cn-®p. Nq-≠¬ kztZ-in In-g-t° a-Æm-S-Øn¬ tkm-a-kp-μ-c≥(61) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-]I-Sw. cm-hn-se ho-´n¬ \n-∂v Xr-iq-cn-te-°p t]m-hp-Ibm-sW-∂p ]-d-™m-Wv C-d-ßn-b-Xv. kw-kv-Im-cw ]n∂o-Sv. `m-cy: C-μn-c. ]m-h-d-´n t]m-en-kv ÿ-e-sØ-Øn C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn.

t^mÀ-«p-sIm-¨n I-S-¯oc¯v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨-\n-e-bn tPm-kv tPmk^v

B-eo-kv

k-c-kz-Xn

`m-kv-I-c-ta-t\m³

A-en-bmÀ

]oäÀ

tPm¬(tem\³)

\-fn\n

tIm-X-aw-Kew: h-Sm´p]m-d sN-dp-th-en¬ tPm-kv tPm-k-^v(63). `mcy: t{X-kym-Ω. a°ƒ: sP-bvk≥, en≥kn, Pn≥k¨. a-cp-a°ƒ: F¬kn, tkmP≥, dn-b. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v sshIn´v 2.30 \v h-Sm-´p]m-d sk‚ v.ta-co-kv ]-≈nbn¬.

]m-h-d-´n: Nn-‰m-´p-I-c N{I-am-°n¬ Ip-cn-b≥ `mcy B-eo-kv(65). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v Im-e-Øv 11\v apw-ss_ A-h¿ te-Un sd-a-Un N¿-®n¬. a-°ƒ: cm-Pp, _n-μp, km-Pp. a-cpa-°ƒ: `m-h-\, tPm-kv, \o-\.

am-f: Ip-gq¿ Xp-º-c-t»-cn \m-cm-b-W-t‚-bpw ]-tcX-bm-b e-£v-an-°p-´n-bptS-bpw a-Iƒ k-c-kzXn(66). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v sN-ß-∂q-cn-se `¿-XrKr-l-Øn¬. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ir-jv-W-≥, A-ΩnWn, A-∏p-Ip-´≥, hn-Pb≥, th-Wp-tKm-]m¬, cm-a-N-{μ≥, P-b-{io.

\m-K-∏p-g: tX-h-tcm-en¬ `m-kv-I-c-ta-t\m≥(85). `mcy: kpa-Xn A-Ω(a‰°-c a-™m-a-‰-Øn¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw). a°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am¿, Kncn-P, kp-tc-jv-_m_p(_mw-•q¿), an-\ntamƒ. a-cp-a°ƒ: c-am-tZ-hn, ap-cfo-[-c≥ \mb¿, Ko-X, Fw F≥ a-t\m-Pv-Ip-am¿. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v c-≠n\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: d-tbm¨]p-cw ]-g-b-]m-ew tdmUn¬ sIm-®-ßm-Sn PMvj-\p k-ao-]w A-ºmS≥ ]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X\mb sIm-®-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ aI≥ A-en-bm¿(70). s]cp-ºm-hq¿ k-ky-am¿-°‰n-se am-ßm hym-]m-cnbm-bn-cp∂p. `mcy: d-tbm¨-]p-cw Aºm-S≥ ho-´n¬ \-_ok. a°ƒ: Ip-™p-ap-lΩZv, \-ko¿, A-∫mkv, kp-[o¿, kp-l-dm-_ohn, k-^n-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: \-Pva, sj-ao-\, X-kv\n, sj-co^v, Im-knw.

B-ep-h: an-\n kn-hn¬ tÃ-j≥ tdm-Uv ]m-d-bv°¬ sXm-Ωn a-I≥ ]o‰¿(61). `m-cy: do-\. a°ƒ: dn‚p, tdm-_n≥, dn-jn≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: sP-bvk≥.

B-e-ßmSv: ]p-d-°m-´v ]tc-X\m-b Ip-cy≥ a-I≥ tPm¨(tem-\≥˛65). `mcy: Rm-d-°¬ F-f-¶p∂∏p-g Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw tacn. a°ƒ: Ipcy≥(ku-Zn), am¿-´n≥. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v sshIn-´v aq-∂n-\v B-e-ßm-Sv sk‚ v.ta-co-kv ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

G-eq¿: G-eq¿ CuÃn¬ C.Fkv.sF. Un-kv-s]≥-k-dn-°p k-ao-]w Xn-te-∏-dºn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b B-ZyIm-e I-ayq-WnÃv {]-h¿-´n {]-h¿-ØI\pw kzm-X{¥y ka-c-tk-\m-\n-bp-am-bncp-∂ Xn-te-∏-d-ºn¬ am-[h-s‚ `m-cy \-fn\n(77). a°ƒ: tdm-antbm, B-i, a[p(kn.]n.Fw.), ap≥ {_m-©v sk-{I´-dn), k-t¥mjv. a-cpa°ƒ: jo-e, tPmjn, PnPn, kcnX.

G-\n- lm-Pn h-fm-t©-cn: ]u-c{- ]-apJ≥ sIm-fa - w-Ke - w a-l√ - v ap-Xh - √ - n-bpw ap≥ {]-knU-‚p-am-b I-f∏ - p-em≥ G-\n- lm-Pn (92). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b D-Ωm-Ø. a°ƒ: Ip-™n-am≥.

B-bn-i Hm-a-t»-cn: ]m-ºn-g-™]m-d ]-tc-X-\m-b Xq-ºØv ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy B-bn-i (70). a-°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn, apl-Ω-Zm-en, J-Zo-P, kpss_-Z, D-Ω¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, k-_p¿Jm≥, B-an-\, ssk-\_, ssa-aq-\.

_n-¿m-¯p ]-tøm-fn: Xp-d-bq¿ Ipep-∏ ]-tc-X-\m-b aW¬-∏o-Sn-I-bn¬ kq-∏nbp-sS `m-cy Ip-ep-∏-hb¬ _n-øm-Øp (80). a-°ƒ: B-bn-i, A–p¬- I-cow, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-Ω-Xv.

Ip-ªo-_n am-tØm-´w: C-Sn-bm-\w ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b C hn D-kva - m≥-tIm-bb - p-sS `mcy F≥ hn Ip-™o-_n (60).

tem-dn-bnSn¨v Hmt«m bm{X-nI-cmb _w-Km-Ä kztZ-inIÄ a-cn-¨p N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ]m-bn-∏m-Sv \mep-tIm-Sn-bn¬ tem-dn-bpw Hmt´m-dn£bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v Hmt´m-bm-{X-°m-cm-b c-≠v A-\ykw-ÿm-\ sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ a-cn®p. ]-›n-a_w-Kmƒ am¬-U Pn√m-°m-cm-b dm-Øp-h P-lmwKo¿ A-en (22), dm-_n-°p¬ Ckv-emw (25) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. ]-cn-t°-‰ _w-Kmƒ kz-tZ-inI-fm-b A-–p¬ h-lm-_v(22), A-_n-lm≥ (25), a-Jv-_q¬-`mbn (25) F-∂n-h-sc tIm-´-bw saUn-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-epw A-jv-dhen(24)s\ N-ß-\m-t»-cn P-\d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw {]-th-in∏n-®p. Hm-t´m -ss{U-h¿ ]m-bn∏m-Sv ap-´-tØm-Sv tPm-bn (55) Xncp-h-√ ]p-jv-]-Kn-cn sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ NnIn¬k-bn-emWv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se G-tgm-sS \m-ep-tIm-Sn P-Mv-j-\n-em-

dm-Øp-h P-lmw-Ko¿ A-en

dm-_n-°p¬ C-kv-emw

bncp∂p A-]-I-Sw. a-cn-® Plmw-Ko¿-A-en \m-´n¬-\n-∂p _p-[m-\m-gv-N cm-hn-sebpw dm_p-°p¬ C-kv-emw 10 Zn-h-k-w apºpamWv ]m-bn-∏ms´-Øn-bXv. ]m-bn-∏m-s´ Xm-a-k-ÿ-eØp -\n-∂p N-ß-\m-t»-cn-bn-te°v tPm-en-°p t]m-Ish \m-ep-

tIm-Sn P-Mv-j-\n-¬h®v s]-cp¥p-cp-Øn `m-K-tØ-°v t]m-hpI-bm-bn-cp-∂ tSm-d-kv tem-dn- Hmt´m-bn¬ C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Hm-t´m-dn£ G-Xm-\pw ao-‰¿ hen-®p-sIm-≠p-t]m-b tijamWv temdn \n∂-Xv. tem-dnss{U-h-sd \m-´p-Im¿ ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn

t]m-en-kn-\p ssI-am-dn. N-ß\m-t»-cn- ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kpw Xrs°m-Sn-Øm-\w F-kv.sF sI ]n hn-t\m-Zn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep-≈ t]m-en-kpw \m-´p-Im-cpw tN¿-∂v c£m-{]-h¿Ø\w \SØn-. kw-`-h-ÿ-e-Øp-X-s∂ c≠p-t]-cpw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZl-߃ N-ß-\m-t»-cn-bn-epw ]n-∂o-Sv tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-te-°pw am-‰n. N-ß-\m-t»-cn P-\-d¬ Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ D-®-bv-°v 12Hm-sS kn F-^v tXm-a-kv Fw.F¬.F, ]m-bn-∏m-Sv {Km-a-∏-©m-bØv {]-kn-U‚ v cm-tP-{μ≥, ap≥ {]-kn-U‚ v F-_n- h¿-Ko-kv, Fkv.Un.]n.sF, t]m-]p-e¿ -{^≠v {]-h¿-Ø-I-cpw k-μ¿-in-®p. F-∂m¬ a-‰p cm-{„o-b-]m¿-´n t\-Xm-°-ƒ F-Øm-Xn-cp-∂-Xv hn-a¿-i-\-Øn-\p Im-c-W-am-bn.

tI-fp ]-Wn-¡À Ip-‰ym-Sn: I-°-´n-se c-btcm-Øp ao-ج tI-fp]-Wn-°¿ (94). sX-øw I-em-Im-c-\pw Ip-dpw-Ipg¬ hm-Zym hn-Z-Kv[-\pam-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ]-tcX-bm-b Pm-\p. a-°ƒ: cm-P≥ (dn-´. X-]m¬ hIp-∏v), _m-e-Ir-j-vW≥ (dn-´. ]n.U-ªyp.Un. hIp-∏v), Ko-X.

C-¯n-¡p-«n F.B¿ \-K¿: ]m-e-aTØn-≥-Nn-\ I-≈n-b-Øv A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n-bp-sS `mcy Xm-g-Øp-ho-´n¬ CØn-°p-´n (72). a-°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn, ap-l-Ω-ZvtIm-b, kp-sse-am≥ (ZΩmw), A-–p-√.

a-´m-t©cn: t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n I-S¬-Øoc-Øv bp-hmhn-s\ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn. a-´m-t©-cn t]men-kv sse-\n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ a-I≥ I-emw(48)s\bm-Wv C∂-se cm-hn-se t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n I-S¬Øoc-sØ No-\-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]w a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠Xv. I-S¬-Xoc-Øv H-gp-In-\-S-∂ ar-X-tZ-lw sse-^v Km¿-Um-Wv I-c-bv-s°-Øn-®Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw \m-´-m-Im-cp-sS {i-≤-bn¬-s∏-´-Xn-s\-Øp-S¿-∂p sse-^v Km¿-Un-s\ hn-h-c-a-dn-bn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. _p-[-\m-gv-N-cm-{Xn-bm-Wv Iemw ho-´n¬-\n∂p-t]mbXv. hn√n-Mv-S¨ sF-e‚n¬ Np-a-´p-sXm-gn-em-fn-bmWv a-cn-® I-emw. t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n tIm-kv-‰¬ t]m-en-kv F.Fkv.sF tPm-k-^n-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ C≥-Iz-Ãv Xøm-dm-°n ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw ]-Sn-™m-sd-t°m-Sv ap-ln-b-±o≥ ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿB-\n¬ J-_-d-S°n. `mcy: d-lv a-Øv. a-°ƒ:kt\mPv, k-PnØv.

sdbnÂ-th {Sm-¡n a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

B-ep-h: D-t±-iw 60 hb- v {]m-bw tXm-∂n-°p-∂ sh≈-bn¬ I-dp-∏p sse-t\m-Sp IqSn-b j¿´pw ap≠pw [cn-®v C∂-se ssh-In´v 7.40 Hm-sS Bep-h sd-bn¬-th tÃ-j≥ aq∂mw \-º¿ sd-bn¬-th {Sm-°n¬ GtXm s{S-bn≥ Ib-dn a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ -ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠SpØp. C-cp-\ndw, A-t©-ap-°m¬ A-Sn D-b-cw.

hn-ZymÀ-Yn Ip-f-¯n ap-§na-cn-¨p h-≈n-°p-∂v (ae-∏p-dw): kvIqƒhn-Zym¿-Yn Ip-f-Øn¬ apßn-a-cn-®p. h-≈n-°p-∂v t\m¿Øv Xm-e-s∏m-en ]-d-ºn-\p k-ao]w h-cn-bm-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-X^-˛-kp-sse-J Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS GI-a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv an-Zv-em-Pv (11) B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. h-≈n-°p-∂v AØm-Wn-°¬ t\-‰o-hv F.bp.]n kv-Iqƒ B-dmw X-cw hn-Zym¿-Ynbm-bn-cp-∂p. hym-gm-gv-N D-®Ign™v 2.30Hm-sS-bm-Wp kw-`-hw. kv-Iq-fn¬ D-®`-£-Ww I-gn™tijw an-Zv-em-Ppw Iq-´p-Imcpw A-Øm-Wn-°¬ sh-t≈-∏mS-Øn\p k-ao-]-sØ sh-t≈°p-f-Øn¬ Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßn-bXm-bn-cp-∂p. an-Zv-em-Pv am{XamWv Ipf-Øn-en-d-ßn-bXv. Ip-fØn¬ Nm-Sn-b an-Zv-em-Pn-s\ Im-



A-¯m-Wn-¡Â t\-äo-hv F.bp.]n kv-Iqfn\v C¶v Ah[n

Wm-Xmb-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v Ip-´nIƒ \m-´p-Imsc Adn-bn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. C-h¿ Hm-Sn-sb-Øn Xn-c-®n-em-cw-`n-®p. a-‰p aq-∂v Ip´n-I-f-S-°w \m-ep-t]-cm-Wp Ip-

fn-°-S-hn-se-Øn-b-Xv. B-g-°qSp-X-ep-≈ `m-K-Øm-b-Xn-\m¬ \m-´p-Im¿ a-Wn-°q-dp-Iƒ Xn-cs™-¶n-epw I-s≠-Øm-\m-bn√. H-Sp-hn¬ \m-e-c-tbm-sS A·n-i-a-\-tk-\-bpw t]m-en-kpw F-Øn-bm-Wp ar-X-tZ-lw Is≠-Sp-Ø-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw tIm-gnt°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv Bip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p am-‰n. a-c-W-Øn¬ A-\p-tim-Nn-®v sh-≈n-bm-gv-N kv-Iq-fn-\v A-h[n-bm-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂v {]-[m-\[ym-]-I≥ Fw hm-kp ]-d-™p. an-Zv-em-Pn-s‚ k-tlm-Z-cn: \nbm-Pm-kv-an-≥ (\-gv-k-dn hn-Zym¿Yn-\n).

¹-kv h¬ hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\nho-«n Xq-§n a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

am-f: π-kv h¨ hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-sb ho-´n¬ Xq-ßn a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn. I-cp-hn-e-t»-cn N-≠ß-]-d-ºn¬ cm-[m-Ir-jv-W-t‚Spw cm-[-bp-tS-bpw G-I-a-I-fm-b _n-μp-P(16)s\-bm-Wv ho-Sn-s‚ c≠mw \n-e-bn-se D-Ø-c-Øn¬ Xq-ßn a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-b C-∂-se cm-hnse B-dn-\pw 10\pw C-S-bn-em-Wv kw-`-hw. Ip-´n-°v sN-dn-b am-\-kn-I {]-iv-\-ap-≠m-bn-cp-s∂-∂m-Wv kq-N-\. am-f skm-t°m¿-skm tIm¨-sh‚ v kv-Iq-fn¬ π-kv h-Wn-\v ]Tn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. am-f t]m-en-kv ta¬\-S-]-Sn kzoI-cn-®p. t]m-kv-‰p-tam¿-´w \-SØn-b ar-X-tZ-lw.


8

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

7 am¿®v 2014 sh≈n

hn-ZymÀ-Yn Ip-f-¯n ap-§na-cn-¨p X

_m-e³

]m-¯p-½ l-Öp-½

ap-l-½-Zv

Nm-¯p

sIm-Sp-h-≈n: ]-tc-X-\mb ]p-√m-fq¿ D-Ωm-c-°p-gn ]p-dm-bn¬ bp ]n A-Xram≥-Ip-´n lm-Pn-bp-sS `mcy sIm-Sp-h-≈n Im-cm-´ps]m-bn¬ ]m-e-°p-≠Øn¬ ]m-Øp-Ω l-÷pΩ (61). a-I≥: A-_q-_-°¿ k-n±o-Jv (^m-Øn-am-_o-hn sa-tΩm-dn-b¬ l-b¿sk-°≥-U-dn kv-Iqƒ Iq-ºm-d, sk-°p-e¿ bqØv tIm¨-^-d≥-kv sIm-Sp-h-≈n \n-tbm-P-I a-fi-ew Hm¿-K-ss\-knMv sk-{I-´-dn). a-cp-a°ƒ: d-jo-Z kp-¬-Øm\ I-cp-h≥-s]m-bn¬. ktlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn, A-_q-_-°¿-Ip´n, D-a¿ ap-°w, A-–p¿-dlvam≥, B-an-\ l-÷pΩ, ssk-\-_ l-÷p-Ω, kp-ss_-Z, ]-tc-X-bm-b B-bn-im _o-hn.

Im-fn-Im-hv: A-©-®-hn-Sn aq-®n-°-en-se I-f-cn-°¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv (77). `m-cy: ]mØp-Æn. -a-°ƒ: A–p¬ I-cow k-Jm-^n (J-Øo-_v, X-e-t»-cn), DΩ¿ k-Jm-^n (J-Øo-_v Du-c-Iw), ap-l-Ω-Z-en (sk-{I-´-dn _-Zv-cn-b), Dkv-am≥, \-^o-k, l-^vk-Øv, A-k-vam-_n, P-aoe, ^m-Øn-a kp-lv-d. a-cpa-°ƒ: i-co-^v, Ip-™pap-l-Ω-Zv, bq-k-^v k-AZn (J-Øo-_v tIm-´-°p∂v), B-_n-Z, d-jo-Z, ankv-cn-b, ^-ko-e.-

\-cn-∏-‰: Xn-\q-cv ap-t≠ymSp-Ω¬ Nm-Øp (80). \-cn∏-‰ ]-©m-b-Øn¬ I-ΩyqWn-Ãv {]-ÿm-h-\-hpw I¿-j-IsØm-gn-em-fn {]ÿm-\-hpw sI-´n-∏-Sp-°p∂-Xn¬ ap≥-\n-cbn¬ {]h¿Øn-®n-´p≠v. `m-cy: tZ-hn. a-°ƒ: kp-\n¬-knMv, A-\-n¬-kn-Mv, im-c-Z. acp-a-°ƒ: hm-kp, an-\n, ssj-P. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: I-Æ≥, a-μn, am-Xp, tI-f∏≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b I-Wmc≥.

k-Zm-\-µ³ Ip-‰ym-Sn: tXm-´p-¶¬ kZm-\-μ≥ (58). `m-cy: Pm\-In. a-°ƒ: k-cn-P, khn-P, k-tP-jv. a-cp-aI≥: A-tim-I≥.

kq-¸n sN-dp-h-Æq¿: I-°-d-ap°v ]-¥-∏n-em-°q¬ Sn ]n aq-k (60). `m-cy: Bbn-i, a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, dkm-Jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: lm-Pd, jm-°n-d. a-øn-Øv \akv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hnse F-´n-\v I-°-d-ap-°v Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn¬.

Ip-«p-a-Wn B-e-Øq¿: Im-h-t»cn ]o-t®m-´n¬ kn Ip-´p-aWn (70). `m-cy: X-¶.

sN-dp-h-Æq¿: sN-dp-hÆq¿ im-c-Zm-a-μn-c-Øn-\v ]n≥-h-iw ]-´q-fn¬ _me≥ (71). sh-Ãv C-¥ym Ão¬- I-º-\n Po-h-\°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p. I¿-jI-kw-Lw sN-dp-h-Æq¿ ta-J-em- ssh-kv -{]-knU-‚m-Wv. `m-cy: tim-`-\. a-°ƒ: {]-tam-Zv (kn-.]n.Fw im-c-Zm-a-μn-cw kuØv {_m-©v sk-{I-´-dn), {]-kn-X, {]-_n-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: a-Wn-I-WvT≥ (_nkn-\-kv), A-tim-I≥ (tIm-a¨-sh¬-Øv _n-¿p l-Öp-½ th-ß-c: Ip-‰q¿ ]m-°-S- ssS¬-kv ^-tdm-°v), dnPn-e (A-[ym-]n-I, ∏p-dm-b-bn¬ C-cp-Ip-fsØ ]-tc-X-\m-b h-en-bm- sk‚ v t]mƒ-kv l-b¿sk-°-≥U-dn kv-Iqƒ, °-sØm-Sn A-–p apkveym-cp-sS `m-cy _n-øp tIm-ln-∂q¿). k-tlm-Z߃: A-d-ap-J≥, Pm-\l-÷p-Ω (80). a-°ƒ: _m-h ap-kveym¿, A-l- In, Ip-™n-e-£v-an, hnΩ-Zv ap-kveym¿, A-–p¿d- im-em-£n, t{]-a-e-X. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnlvam≥ ss^-kn, Ase 10\v tKm-Xo-iz-cw iv–p¬ k-a-Zv ap-kveym¿, A-–p¬ e-Øo-^v ap-kv- a-im-\-Øn¬. eym¿.- a-cp-a-°ƒ: B-bn-i, dp-Jn-b, B-bn-j, Xm-ln-d, A-\-´³ \-¼ymÀ Im-∏m-Sv: _m¬-kn-\p kk-^o-Z. J-_-d-S-°w C- n¬ ∂p cm-hn-se 11\vv C-cp-Ip- ao-]w kzm-an k-Z\ sI kn A-\¥ - ≥ \fw Pp-ap-A-Øv ]-≈n Jºym¿ (85). _¿-ÿm-\n¬.

Ip-ªnkq-¸n

A-¸p-®n

tN-cm-]p-cw: Im-°p-\n-bnse a-e-bn¬ Ip-™n-kq∏n (65). `m-cy; I-√v-sh-´pIp-gn-bn¬ B-bn-i. a°ƒ: A-–p¬ -I-cow, ss^-k¬ (J-Ø¿), kmZ-Øv, \u-^¬ (_-lvdbv≥), k-^n-b, d-Po-\, dko-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip-‰n°m-´n¬ A-ko-kv (Xo°p-\n), tIm-tdm-Øv dm_n-Øv (A-c-bm-°q¬-Xmg), I-tfm-fn k-eow (I-t√cn), kp-sse-J (]m-Xn-cn-∏‰), hm-g-bn¬-∏o-Sn-I-bn¬ Pm-kv-an≥ (Im-°p-\n), Pwjo-d (I-t√-cn), k-^o-\ (Xn-cp-h-≈q¿). k-tlm-Z-c߃: A-en, \-ko¿, Icow, Ip-™-Ω-Zv, A-^vk¬, Ip-™m-an, d-kn-b, kp-sse-J, ^-ko-e.

s]m-∂m-\n: I-S-h-\m-Sv a-c°m-Øv A-∏p-Æn (74). -`mcy: e-£v-an. a-°ƒ: ]-fln\n, tZ-h≥, kp-`-{Z, a-Wn, kp-Ip-am-c≥ (A-Pv-am≥), kp-ta-jv (A-Pv-am≥), hntP-jv, k-Pn-X, k-\n-e. acp-a-°ƒ: i-¶-cp, kp-\n-X, _m-e≥, _m-_p, {]-koX, ssj-a, _n-Pp. -kw-kvIm-cw C-∂p- cm-hn-se F´n-\v Cu-gp-h-Øn-cp-Øn s]m-Xp-iv-a-im-\-Øn¬.

tPmÀ-Pv

ko-Xn

tX-™n-∏-ew: tZ-h-Xnbm¬ A-º-e-∏-Sn A-dßm-t»-cn-bn¬ tPm¿-Pv (70 ˛-dn-´. Po-h-\-°m-c≥ tN-te-{º kv-]n-∂nMvan¬). Xr-iq¿ sIm-t´°m-Sv kz-tZ-in-bm-Wv. `mcy: tdm-kn Nn-d-b-Øv (dn´. A-kn- v hn-t√-Pv Hm-^n-k¿). a-°ƒ: Pn¬kn (A-[ym-]n-I, sS-Iv-\n°¬ ssl-kv-Iqƒ, at©-cn), k-cn-X (A-[ym]n-I, F-d-Wm-Ip-fw), cA-ÐpÂ- I-cow Pn-X (A-[ym-]n-I). a-cp-aa-t©-cn: B-\-°-bw Nn- °ƒ: hn≥-sk‚ v ]p-d‰-Øp-]m-d a-©-∏p-≈n A- tIm-´n¬ (a-t©-cn), tdm_¿-´v sX-t°-Ø-e (F-de-hn-bp-sS a-I≥ A–p¬ I-cow (53). `m-cy: Wm-Ip-fw). dw-e. a-I≥: jm-^n. J-_d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se H- I-Zo-kp-½ º-Xn-\v Nn-‰-Øp-]m-d Pp- in-h-]p-cw: ]-tc-X-\m-b am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm- Nq-tcym-´v aq-k-bp-sS `ml-eo-a cy Fw F J-Zo-kp-Ω \m-Zm-]p-cw: F-f-b-S-sØ \n¬. (76). a-°ƒ: B-_q-´n, ]-tc-X-\m-b Nm-en¬ A- I-®³ l-ao-Zv, a-Po-Zv, A-iv-d-^v, Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy l-eo-a Ip-‰ym-Sn: ]q-°m-s´ shIp-™m-Xp, kp-l-d, i(90). a-°ƒ: B-bn-i, Ctßm-S≥-ho-´n¬ I-Æ≥ co-^, a-dn-bp, ^u-kn-b. {_m-lnw-lm-Pn, a-l-aq-Zv (90). `m-cy: a-∂n. a-°ƒ: J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn(C-cp-h-cpw _-lvd-bv≥), A-tim-I≥, kp-tc-jv ]Ip-™-–p-√. a-cp-a-°ƒ: hn-{X≥, N-{μn, eo-e, im-c- se 10\v in-h-]p-cw A-–p-√ lm-Pn Xo-°p-\n, Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-P≥, A- Su¨ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J_¿-ÿm-\n¬. B-ky, km-d, P-ao-e. tim-I≥, {io-[-c≥.

ap-°w: ]q-f-s∏m-bn¬ CSn-sh-´n-∏m-d C ]n ko-Xn (68). ]q-f-s∏-m-bn¬ Pp-apA-Øv ]-≈n I-Ωn-‰n AwK-hpw ap-kv-enw- eo-Kv {]h¿-Ø-I-\p-am-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: Bbn-i (Xr-∏-\-®n bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ), in-lm-_p-±o≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip´n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sI \ujm-Zv (A-co-t°m-Sv), epss_-\, P-ko-e. ktlm-Z-c-߃: sam-bvXo≥-tIm-b, A-_q-_°¿, am-ap-t°m-b, ]mØp-Ω, ]-≈o-a.

cm-L-h³ Ip-‰ym-Sn: aq-∂mw-ssI-bnse h-≈n-]-d-º-Øv cmL-h≥ (75). `m-cy: Pm-\-In. a-°ƒ: sd-\o-jv (tZ-im-`n-am-\n G-P‚ v, aq-∂mw-ssI), sd-Pn-\. k-©-b-\w Rmb-dm-gv-N.

a-dn-b-¡p-«n B-e-t°m-Sv: c-b-tcmsØ tPm-k-^v Ip-gn-a-‰Øn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-b-°p´n (72).

A-¯m-Wn-¡Â t\-äo-hv F.bp.]n. kv-Iqfn\v C¶v Ah[n

h-≈n-°p-∂v: kv-Iqƒhn-Zym¿-Yn Ip-f-Øn¬ ap-ßn-acn-®p. h-≈n-°p-∂v t\m¿-Øv Xm-e-s∏m-en ]-d-ºn-\p k-ao-]w h-cn-bm-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-X-^-˛-kp-sse-J Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS G-I-aI≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv an-Zv-em-Pv (11) B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. h≈n-°p-∂v A-Øm-Wn°¬ t\-‰o-hv F.bp.]n kv-Iqƒ B-dmw X-cw hnZym¿-Yn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. hymgm-gv-N D-®Ign-™v 2.30Hm-sS-bm-Wp kw-`-hw. kv-Iq-fn¬ D-®`-£Ww I-gn-™tijw an-Zvem-Ppw Iq-´p-Im-cpw A-Øm-Wn-°¬ sh-t≈-∏m-SØn\p k-ao-]-sØ sh-t≈-°p-f-Øn¬ Ip-fn-°m-\nd-ßn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. an-Zv-em-Pv am{X-amWv Ipf-Øn-end-ßn-bXv. Ip-f-Øn¬ Nm-Sn-b an-Zv-em-Pn-s\ Im-WmXmb-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v Ip-´n-Iƒ \m-´p-Imsc Adn-bn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. C-h¿ Hm-Sn-sb-Øn Xn-c-®n-em-cw-`n®p. a-‰p aq-∂v Ip-´n-I-f-S-°w \m-ep-t]-cm-Wp Ip-fn-°S-hn-se-Øn-b-Xv. B-g-°q-Sp-X-ep-≈ `m-K-Øm-b-Xn\m¬ \m-´p-Im¿ a-Wn-°q-dp-Iƒ Xn-c-s™-¶n-epw Is≠-Øm-\m-bn-√. H-Sp-hn¬ \m-e-c-tbm-sS A-·n-i-a\-tk-\-bpw t]m-en-kpw F-Øn-bm-Wp ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Sp-Ø-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p am-‰n. a-c-W-Øn¬ A-\p-tim-Nn-®v sh-≈n-bm-gv-N kv-Iqfn-\v A-h-[n-bm-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂v {]-[m-\-[ym-]-I≥ Fw hm-kp ]-d-™p. an-Zv-em-Pn-s‚ k-tlm-Z-cn: \n-bmPm-kv-an-≥ (\-gv-k-dn hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n).

I-Xn-\ s]m-«n ]-cn-t¡-äbmÄ a-cn-¨p

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: I-Xn-\ s]m-´n ]-cn-t°-‰v Nn-In¬-kbn-em-bn-cp-∂-bmƒ a-cn-®p. sN-dp-Ip-f-Øq¿ I-Sn-bßm-Sv aT-Øn¬ ho-´n¬ tKm-hn-μ≥-Ip-´n(65)bm-Wv acn-®-Xv. sN-dp-Ip-f-Øq¿ I-Sn-b-ßm-Sv Io-t®-cn Ip-eh≥-Im-hv t£-t{Xm¬-k-Øn-\n-sS-bm-Wv I-Xn-\ s]m-´n- ]-cn-t°-‰-Xv. `m-cy: ]-fln-\n.

a-c-¯n \n-¶p ho-Wp a-cn-¨p

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: tIm-S-t©-cn im-¥n-\-K¿ \-b-am-´v ho´n¬ tPm-k-^v (57) ac-Øn¬ \n∂p hoWp acn-®p. C∂-se Ip-cp-ap-f-Iv ]-dn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS-bm-Wv kw-`-hw.

B-bn-i

sam-bv-Xo³-Ip-«n lm-Pn

]m-¯p-½ -

_o-cm³

b-ZpIr-jv-W³

kp-Ip-am-c³

ssk-\-_ -

Ip-am-c³

]q-t°m-´pw-]m-Sw: I-h-fap-°-´ I¬-®n-d ]-tc-X\m-b Xp-dp-°¬ ap-l-ΩZn-s≥-d `m-cy B-bn-i (79). a-°ƒ: A-_vZp¬ k-Øm¿, kp-sse-J, jl¿-_m≥, -_-jo¿ (]men-tb-‰o-hv sI-b¿, ]qt°m-´pw-]m-Sw), apw-Xmkv _o-Kw. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ae-hn-°p-´n, ap-l-Ω-Zv, DΩp-k¬-Ω, j-°o-e, Al-Ω-Zv-°p-´n.-

A-ßm-Sn-∏p-dw: ]-cn-bm]p-cw a-W-°m-S≥ sam-bvXo≥-Ip-´n lm-Pn (75). `mcy-am¿: ]-tc-X-bm-b J-ZoP, ]m-Øp-Ω. a-°ƒ: a-c°m-¿, ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-lΩ-Z-en, \-^o-k, B-bni, ssa-aq-\, km-Pn-X. acp-a-°ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b C{_m-low, ap-l-Ω-Z-en, A-ko-kv, a-Po-Zv, ]m-ØpΩ, B-bn-i. -k-tlm-Zc≥: ssl-{Zp-lm-Pn.

]m-ßv: I-Sp-∂m-ap-´n ]tc-X-\m-b ]m-tdm-fn apl-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy N-°nß-¬-sXm-Sn ]m-Øp-Ωp (85).- a-°ƒ: Ip-™m-∏, ]m-Øp-Ω, Ip-™m-®pΩp, I-Zn-b-°p-´n, Bky, Ip¬-kp. a-cp-a°ƒ: B-an-\, cm-bn≥lm-Pn, D-kv-am≥, Ip™n-t∏m-°¿, D-Ω¿, Ip™-l-Ω-Zv.

\-Sp-h-Æq¿: ]-tb-cn-°≠n-bn¬ Nm-en¬ _ocm≥ (79). `m-cy: D-ΩmØ. a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv dm^n, k-^n-b, d-lo-a, kpl-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _p-j-d, A-Ω-Xv F-e-¶-a¬, A-ΩXv ]-tøm-fn, d-jo-Zv Im-hp¥-d. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A–p-√-°p-´n, ]-tc-X-cm-b C-ºn-®n-sam-bv-Xn, A-ΩXv, am-b≥, C-{_m-bn, Ip™m-bn-i.

ap-°w: sIm-Sn-b-Øq¿ k¿-ho-kv k-l-I-c-W _m¶v A-kn. sk-{I-´-dn ]-∂nt°m-Sv I-Æ-¶¬-]p-dmbn¬ sI ap-c-fo-[-c-s‚ aI≥ b-Zp-Ir-jv-W≥ (14). sIm-Sn-b-Øq¿ ]n.Sn.Fw. ssl-kv-Iqƒ H-º-Xmw-Xcw hn-Zym¿-Yn-bm-Wv. amXmhv: _n-μp (\-gv-kv, saUn-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]{Xn, tIm-gn-t°m-Sv). ktlm-Z-cn: Ir-jv-W-{]n-b.

_m-ep-t»-cn: in-h-]p-cw I-cn-bm-Ø≥-Im-hv Ip∂p-Ω¬ kp-Ip-am-c≥ (58). kn.]n-Fw. in-h-]p-cw ap≥ tem-°¬ I-Ωn-‰n Aw-K-hpw in-h-]p-cw k¿ho-kv k-l-I-c-W _m-¶v ap≥ {]-kn-U‚p-am-Wv. `m-cy: ]p-jv-]-h-√n. a°ƒ: kp-Ko-jv, kp-jnX. a-cp-a-I≥: cm-tP-jv (Im-hpw-h-´w).

Xn-cq¿: ]q-°-bn¬ s]-cph-gn-b-º-e-sØ ho-cyØn-∏-d-ºn¬ sam-bv-Xo≥Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy ssk-\_ (62).- a-°ƒ: ^m-Øna, d-lv-a-Øv, J-Zo-P, kpss_-Z. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _ocm≥-Ip-´n I¬-∏-I-t©-cn (J-Ø¿), _-jo¿ Iq-´mbn, sam-bv-Xp h-en-b-]mSw, \u-jm-Zv N-{a-h-´w (sI.-F-kv.-C.-_n Xn-cp∂m-hm-b).-

sXm-´n¬-∏m-ew: sa-bntem-Ø-d tIm-tfm-t¶m-´v Ip-am-c≥ (74). `m-cy: Pm-\p. a-°ƒ: at\m-P≥ (kn.]n.Fw. s]m-‰-°-c {_m-©w-Kw), ssi-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: N{μ≥ Im-∏p-¶¬, A-Jn-e a-t\m-Pv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: am-Wn, \m-cm-b-Wn, ]-tcX-cm-b sN-t°m-´n, sN°m-bn, B-®, am-Xp, Ieym-Wn.

s]m-Å-te-äv bp-h-Xn a-cn-¨p

\n-e-ºq¿: A-a-c-º-ew Nq-≠n-°¬ I-cp-h-º-d-ºn¬ A-en _m-Zp-j-bp-sS `m-cy l-ko-\ (24) s]m-≈-te-‰v a-cn-®p. I-gn-™ _p-[-\m-gv-N ssh-Io´v B-tdmsS `¿Øm-hn-s‚ ho-´n¬h®m-Wv s]m-≈-te-‰-Xv. Xp-S¿-∂v tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-encns° C-∂-se cm-hn-sebmWv acWw. a-Iƒ: \m-Zn-b.- ]n-Xm-hn-s‚ ]-cm-Xn-bn¬ kv-{Xo[-\-]o-U-\-Øn-\v t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp-.

A-Úm-X ar-X-tZ-lw

h-S-I-c: am-ln sd-bn¬-th πm-‰v-t^m-an¬ 60 h-b- v tXm-∂n-°p∂ A-⁄m-X ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠-Øn. tNm-ºm-e t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Ønb ar-X-tZlw h-S-I-c Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ tam¿-®-dn-bn¬ kq£n-®n-´p≠v.

ss_-¡n-Sn-¨p ]cn-t¡ä bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p k-tcm-Pn-\n

F-{_-lmw

\-^o-k-

Nn-¶

A-½m-fp

sam-bv-Xo³

sam-bv-Xo³-Ip-«n

I-®³

Hm-a-t»-cn: _n.F-kv.F¬.F¬. dn-´. Po-h-\°m-cn ]-tg-S-Øv cm-a-N-{μs‚ `m-cy k-tcm-Pn-\n (58). a-°ƒ: an-\n, kn-\n, kp-\nX, kp-\n¬. a-cp-a-°ƒ: {io-[-c≥, _nPp, cm-Pp.

Hm-a-t»-cn: \m-c-ßm-tXmSv h-b-ep-¶¬ F-{_-lmw (Ip-™p-tam≥-˛63). `mcy: Nn-∂-Ω. a-°ƒ: t_m-_n, {]-ho¨, kz-]v\, Pn-\o-jv, Pn-j. a-cp-a°ƒ: jn-Pn, tPm-bn, \nj, k-Pn.

th-ß-c: ]-d-∏q¿ F-S-bm-´v ]-d-ºv a-≠m-b-∏p-d-Øv sk-bv-Xm-en lm-Pn-bp-sS `m-cy Du¿-Ω-Øv \-^o-k (53). a-°ƒ: iw-kp-±o≥, dkn-b, J-a-dp-∂o-k. a-cp-a°ƒ: C-{_m-low, A-iv-d^v, ^-ko-e.

N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: tIm-e-f-ºv am-\-h-f-∏n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b i¶-c-s‚ `m-cy Nn-∂ (80). a°ƒ: kp-{_-lva-Wy≥, Iuk-ey, N-{μn-I, Xym-K-cm-P≥, `-c-X≥. -a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-fn-\n, ]-tc-X-\m-b N-{μ≥, A-d-apJ≥, kz¿-W-Ip-am-cn, _o-\.-

sIm-bn-em-≠n: I-W-bt¶m-Sv Ip-∂-Øv ao-ج A-Ωm-fp (80). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™n-°Wm-c≥. a-°ƒ: e-£van, i-¶-c≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tI-f∏≥, N-{μn-I. k-©-b-\w Xn-¶-fm-gv-N.

t]-cm-{º: B-h-f-bn-se N-ß-tcm-Øv sam-bv-Xo≥ (87). `m-cy: J-Zo-i. a°ƒ: Ip-™-–p-√, kq∏n, ^m-Øn-a, A-Ω-Zv (A-_q-Z-_n). a-cp-a-°ƒ: \-^o-k, ]m-Øp, k-^nb, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-Ω-Zv.

h-fm-t©-cn: aq-∂m-°¬ A≥-Pp-ap¬ C-kvemw a-Zvdkbv° - p k-ao-]w sX-‰∏ - d - ºn¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b Ip-™oXp-hn-s‚ a-I≥ sam-bvX - o≥Ip-´n (am-\p-˛56). `m-cy: ssk\-_. a-°ƒ: B-Øn-°, an-Zvem-Pv. a-cp-aI - ≥: Im-knw.

Ip-μ-aw-K-ew: ]-S-\n-ew h-≈n-bm-´p-Ω¬ I-Æ≥ (66). `m-cy: I-eym-Wn. a°ƒ: c-ta-i≥, tZ-hn, jn-Pn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Kn-cojv (ap-°w), {io-{]n-b (Xn-cp-h-ºm-Sn).

]-g-b-ßm-Sn: I-gn-™Zn-h-kw tIm-gn_-km-dn¬ ss_-°n-Sn-®v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰v ]-cn-bm-cw saUn-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-® bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. amSm-bn B¿.kn. N¿-®n-\p k-ao-]-sØ ]-\-b≥ kp-\nemWp (40) a-cn-®-Xv. ]-tc-X-\m-b eq-bn-kv ]-\-b≥-˛-kn-t\m-_n-b Z-ºXn-I-fp-sS a-I-\m-Wv. A-hn-hm-ln-X-\m-Wv. k-tlm-Zc-߃: sP-bnw-kv, \m≥-kn, ssj-e. t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´Øn-\p ti-jw C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\v B¿.kn. N¿-®v sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬ kw-kv-I-cn-°pw.

A-Ðp-Ã-¡p-«n

Xn-cp-am-e

a-dn-b-¡p-«n

ap-l-½-ZvtIm-b

J-Zo-P l-Öp-½

th-em-bp-[³

cm-L-h³

Kw-Km-[-c³ \-¼ymÀ

A-¨m-½

B-an-\

N-ß-cw-Ip-fw: B-a-bw ]m-W-°m-´v A-–p-√-°p´n (55). `m-cy: J-Zo-P. a-°ƒ: _n≥-jm-Zv, A≥-jm-Zv (C-cp-h-cpw A-_q-Z-_n). a-cp-a-°ƒ: A≥-kn-b, A≥-kn-X. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 11\v B-abw Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

ap-°w: ]q-f-s∏m-bn¬ If-Øn-߬ ]-tc-X-\m-b N-¥p-hn-s‚ `m-cy Xn-cpam-e (92). a-°ƒ: `m-kv-I-c-≥, A∏p, Z-m-k-≥, a-Wn, Pm-\In, tZ-h-bm-\n, X-¶. a-cpa-°ƒ: t{]-a, cm-[, k-PnX, an-\n, th-em-bp-[≥, \m-cm-b-W≥, ]-tc-X-\mb cm-L-h≥.

F-S-°-c: aq-tØ-Sw aq-®n∏-c-X h-en-b-]o-Sn-tb°¬ C-Æ-n-l-k≥-Ip-´nbp-sS `m-cy a-dn-b-°p-´n (68). a-°ƒ: A-–p¬- kemw, dw-e-Øv, d-Po-\. acp-a-°ƒ: ssl-Z¿, J-ZoP. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cmhn-se H-º-Xn-\v Nm-a-∏ºv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

sIm-t≠m-´n: ap-≠-∏-ew ]-≈n-°-sØm-Sn F-dØm-en ap-l-Ω-Zv tIm-b (57). `m-cy: dp-_o-\. a°ƒ: \m-Pn-b, jw-\, jlm-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: l-\o^, j-ao¿ A-en. k-tlmZ-c-߃: cm-bn≥-Ip-´n, A-iv-d-^v, _m-_p- k°o¿, a-dn-bp-Ω, P-ao-e apl-Ω-Zv.

I-´n-∏m-d: sN-{º Ip-≠ ]-tc-X-\m-b \m-dm-W-Øv A-–p¿-d-lv-am-s‚ `m-cy J-Zo-P l-÷p-Ω (66). a°ƒ: P-ao-e, ap-l-Ω-Z-en (Pn-±), B-bn-i, B-ØnJ. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Ip-™q-´n, A-iv-d-^v, A-–p-¿dlvam≥, am-jn-Z. J-_-d-S°w C-∂v H-º-Xn-\p sN{º Ip-≠ Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_-¿-ÿm-\n¬.

Ip-Xn-c-h-´w: ]m-e-∏-dºn¬ ]p-\-Øn¬ th-embp-[≥ (82). kn.]n.FΩn-s‚ B-Zy-Im-e {]-h¿Ø-I-\m-Wv. `m-cy: ]-fln\n. a-°ƒ: _m-_p (e£-Zzo-]v), Zn-t\-i≥ (]p\-Øn¬ Pz-√-dn h¿-Iv-kv, F-I¿-∂-]-d-ºv), D-tZi≥ (Ã-bv-tem-{Uw t]mfn-jv, F-I¿-∂-]-d-ºv), jo-_ (Im-fq¿ tdm-Uv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: an-\n, C-μp, ssj-P, tem-tI-i≥. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v am-hq¿ tdm-Uv iva-im-\-Øn¬.

Cu-ßm-∏p-g: a-e-]p-dw{]-tZ-i-sØ B-Zy-Im-e kn-.]n-.Fw- {]-h¿-ØI≥- Im-hpw-]p-dw- In-fnbn¬- cm-L-h≥ (67)-.- \nc-h-[n- sXm-gn-em-fn- k-a-cß-fn¬- ]-s¶-Sp-Øv- Pbn¬-hm-k-a-\p-jvTn-®n-´p≠v.- `m-cy-: k-tcm-Pn-\n.- a°ƒ-: do-\,- c-Xo-jv,- kXo-jv-Ip-am¿.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-: hm-kp (_n-.F-kv-.F≥.F≥),- hn-Pn-e, c-Xo-jv.k-tlm-Z-c-߃: I-eymWn,- e-£v-an,- Ir-jv-W≥Ip-´n.-

Ip-‰ym-Sn: a-cp-tXm-¶-c Im-hpw-X-e-°¬ Kw-Km-[c≥ \-ºym¿ (64). `-m-cy: N-{μ-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: Ko-X, {io-P, {io-e-X. a-cp-a°¬: cm-P≥ (Xm-a-c-t»cn), hn-t\m-Z≥ (I-t√mSv), a-t\m-P≥ (]m-te-cn). k-tlm-Z-c-߃: th-Wp \-ºym¿ (_n.Fkv.F≥.F¬ dn-´.), hn-Pb≥ \-ºym¿ (dn-´. C-dntK-j≥), cm-Po-h≥ \ºym¿ (cm-Po-hv A-tkmkn-tb-‰v, Ip-‰ym-Sn), c-a.

F-S-°-c: t]m-Øp-I-√nse ]-tc-X-\m-b sIm-®p]-d-ºn¬ tPm-k-^n-s‚ `m-cy A-®m-Ω (86). a°ƒ: F¬-tZm-kv, s]-ÆΩ, en-kn, ta-gv-kn, kqkn, F-kv-tX¿, h¿-Ko-kv, im-¥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cmP≥, hn¬-k≥, ]u-temkv, Nm-t°m, _m-_p, h¿-Ko-kv, eo-em-Ω, _n‘p. kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hn-se ]-Xn-s\m-∂n-\v ap-t≠-cn sk‚ v ta-co-kv bm-t°m-_m-b tZ-hm-e-b sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

tN-μ-aw-K-√q¿: ]-tc-X-\mb A-cn-∏-\m-Sn Ip-™-lΩ-Zn-s‚ `m-cy B-an-\ I¬-sh-´n-°p-gn (70). a°ƒ: ^m-Xzn-a, k-^n-b, ap-l-Ω-Zv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]tc-X-\m-b a-Ω-Zv, B-an-\°p-´n. a-øn-Øv \-a-kv-Imcw C-∂v cm-hn-se H-º-Xn\v sh-Ãv tN-μ-aw-K-√q¿ akv-Pn-Zp¬ ^m-dq-Jn¬.

]mÀ-h-Xn-b-½

tKm-hn-µ³

A-en

e-£v-an

am-eq¿: am-eq¿ kn-‰n-bnse h-S-°-bn¬ ho-´n¬ \-cn-t°m-S≥ ]m¿-h-Xn-bΩ (85). ]-tc-X-cm-b ]∂n-tbm-S≥ Ip-™n-°Æ≥ \-ºym-cp-sS-bpw \cn-t°m-S≥ I-eym-Wn-bpsS-bpw a-I-fm-Wv. ktlm-Z-c-߃: Im¿-Xymb-\nb-Ω, tKm-hn-μ≥, ]tc-X-cm-b Ip-™n-cm-a≥ (dn-´. am-eq¿ bp.]n kvIqƒ), \m-cm-b-W≥ \ºym¿, Nn-cp-ssX.

B-ky

_n-¿m-¯p

Nn-¶³

h-Ån-b-½p

ao-\m-£n

tN-cm-]p-cw: h-e-sI-´n-se ]m-e-bp-≈-]-d-º-Øv _n-ømØp (60). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b ]m-e-bp-≈-]-d-º-Øv sam-bv-Xp. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: \-cn-°q-´pw-Nm-en¬ Ip-™_v-Zp-√, sam-bv-Xp, C-{ºm-bn, A-{¥p, ]-t\m-fn B-bn-i.

a-Æq¿: I-S-ep-≠-n ]-©mb-Øv Hm-^n-kn-\p k-ao]w ]-®m-´v Nn-∂≥ (80). `m-cy: am-[-hn. a-°ƒ: ss_-Pp, jo-P, jo-_. acp-a-°ƒ: A-Pn-Xv-Ip-am¿, kp-\n¬-Ip-am¿, jn-\n. k-©-b-\w i-\n-bm-gv-N.

s]m-∂m-\n: ]p-g{ºw sh-≈-am-°¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-am-cs‚ `m-cy h-≈n-b-Ωp (88). a-I≥: in-hm-\-μ≥. a-cp-a-Iƒ: Iu-k-ey.

s]m-∂m-\n: I-S-h-\m-Sv ]pfn-°-X-d-bn¬ ao-\m-£n (65). a-I≥: _m-_p. a-cp-aIƒ: _n-μp. -

^m¯na

]-dh - q¿: sh-Sn-ad - aq-te-∏d - ºn¬ A-Iv_ - ¿ a-Iƒ ^mØn-a(19). am-Xm-hv: dw-e.

s]-cn-b: s]-cn-bm-´-Sp°w sN-cp-º-bn-se ]-tcX-\m-b ]n ]n A-∫m-kns‚ `m-cy ]n ]n hn-√-bnse B-ky (65). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv im-^n, _-jo¿, d-^o-Jv sN-cp-º (aq-h-cpw bp.-F.-C.-), k-^n-b. a-cpa-°ƒ: \p-kv-d-Øv, ^ukn-b, lm-P-d, ]-tc-X-\mb ap-l-Ω-Zv au-Δ¬. ktlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω-Zv, sam-bv-Xo≥ Ip-™n, Ip™m-an-\, am-™p, J-ZoP, ]-tc-X-\m-b sN-cp-º A-–p-√.

B-\-°-c: I-cn-b-∂q¿ sXm-tdm]-d-ºn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b _m-h-lm-Pn-bpsS a-I≥ A-en (39).-`mcy: ^u-kn-b. a-°ƒ: l-kv-\m -sjdn≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv- A-kvan¬, ap-l-Ω-Zv A≥-jnZv. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cmhn-se F´n\v I-cn-b∂q¿ Pp-ama-kv-Pn-Zv J_-¿ÿm-\n¬.

Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: a¬-kysØm-gn-em-fn-bpw tIm¨-{K-kv {]-h¿-ØI-\p-am-b I-∂p-ho-Sv I-S∏p-d-sØ _n ]n tKm-hnμ≥ (59). \m-fn-tI-c hnI-k-\ k-l-I-c-W kwLw ap-≥ U-b-d-Œ-dm-Wv. `m-cy: `m¿-K-hn. a-°ƒ: \n-jm-¥v, kp-`m-jv (t]m-en-kv Im-k¿-tImUvv). a-cp-a-°ƒ: c-ay, emh-Wy.

sIm-√-t¶m-Sv: sIm-√t¶m-Sv s\-t∑-\n In-gt°-]-d-ºv No´p-]p-fn ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-∏p°p-´-s‚ `m-cy e-£v-an (85). a-°ƒ: in-h-cm-a≥, tkXp-am-[-h≥, D-Æn-Ir-jvW≥ (B-≠n-ø), im-¥Ip-am-cn, t{]-a. a-cp-a°ƒ: I-\-Im-a-Wn, im-cZ, C-μn-c, Ir-jv-W≥ (aWn), kp-μ-c≥.

tem-dn-bnSn¨v Hmt«m bm{X-nI-cmb _w-Km-Ä kztZ-inIÄ a-cn-¨p

dn-bm-Zn-se hm-l-\m-]-I-Sw: a-c-Ww A-©m-bn

N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ]m-bn-∏m-Sv \mep-tIm-Sn-bn¬ tem-dn-bpw Hmt´m-dn£bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v Hmt´m-bm-{X-°m-cm-b c-≠v A-\ykw-ÿm-\ sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ a-cn®p. ]-›n-a_w-Kmƒ am¬-U Pn√m-°m-cm-b dm-Øp-h P-lmwKo¿ A-en (22), dm-_n-°p¬ Ckv-emw (25) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. ]-cn-t°-‰ _w-Kmƒ kz-tZ-inI-fm-b A-–p¬ h-lm-_v(22), A-_n-lm≥ (25), a-Jv-_q¬-`mbn (25) F-∂n-h-sc tIm-´-bw saUn-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-epw A-jv-dhen(24)s\ N-ß-\m-t»-cn P-\d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw {]-th-in∏n-®p. Hm-t´m -ss{U-h¿ ]m-bn∏m-Sv ap-´-tØm-Sv tPm-bn (55) Xncp-h-√ ]p-jv-]-Kn-cn sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ NnIn¬k-bn-emWv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se G-tgm-sS \m-ep-tIm-Sn P-Mv-j-\n-em-

_-¥n-tbm-Sv (Im-k¿-tIm-Uv): Dw-d I-gn-™v a-S-ßp-I-bm-bn-cp∂ Ip-Spw-_w k-©-cn-® Im¿ Un-ssh-U-dn-en-Sn-®v a-dn-™v ]cn-t°-‰v dn-bm-Zn-se B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ kv-{XoIq-Sn a-cn-®p. I¿-Wm-S-I D-Up-∏n kz-tZ-in-\n \n-j(27)bm-Wv C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v acn-®-Xv. CtXmsS Cu A]-I-SØn¬ acn-®-h-cpsS FÆw A©m-bn. I-gn-™ Rm-bm-dm-gv-N ]p-

dm-Øp-h P-lmw-Ko¿ A-en

dm-_n-°p¬ C-kv-emw

bncp∂p A-]-I-Sw. a-cn-® Plmw-Ko¿-A-en \m-´n¬-\n-∂p _p-[m-\m-gv-N cm-hn-sebpw dm_p-°p¬ C-kv-emw 10 Zn-h-k-w apºpamWv ]m-bn-∏ms´-Øn-bXv. ]m-bn-∏m-s´ Xm-a-k-ÿ-eØp -\n-∂p N-ß-\m-t»-cn-bn-te°v tPm-en-°p t]m-Ish \m-ep-

tIm-Sn P-Mv-j-\n-¬h®v s]-cp¥p-cp-Øn `m-K-tØ-°v t]m-hpI-bm-bn-cp-∂ tSm-d-kv tem-dn- Hmt´m-bn¬ C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Hm-t´m-dn£ G-Xm-\pw ao-‰¿ hen-®p-sIm-≠p-t]m-b tijamWv temdn \n∂-Xv. tem-dnss{U-h-sd \m-´p-Im¿ ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn

t]m-en-kn-\p ssI-am-dn. N-ß\m-t»-cn- ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kpw Xrs°m-Sn-Øm-\w F-kv.sF sI ]n hn-t\m-Zn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep-≈ t]m-en-kpw \m-´p-Im-cpw tN¿-∂v c£m-{]-h¿Ø\w \SØn-. kw-`-h-ÿ-e-Øp-X-s∂ c≠p-t]-cpw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZl-߃ N-ß-\m-t»-cn-bn-epw ]n-∂o-Sv tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-te-°pw am-‰n. N-ß-\m-t»-cn P-\-d¬ Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ D-®-bv-°v 12Hm-sS kn F-^v tXm-a-kv Fw.F¬.F, ]m-bn-∏m-Sv {Km-a-∏-©m-bØv {]-kn-U‚ v cm-tP-{μ≥, ap≥ {]-kn-U‚ v F-_n- h¿-Ko-kv, Fkv.Un.]n.sF, t]m-]p-e¿ -{^≠v {]-h¿-Ø-I-cpw k-μ¿-in-®p. F-∂m¬ a-‰p cm-{„o-b-]m¿-´n t\-Xm-°-ƒ F-Øm-Xn-cp-∂-Xv hn-a¿-i-\-Øn-\p Im-c-W-am-bn.

e¿-s® dn-bmZn¬ \n-∂p 70 In.-ao AI-se ap-kman-b°p kao-]w dn-bm-Zv˛-a-° ssl\n-j th-bn-embncp∂p A]-ISw. A-]-I-SØn¬ \n-j-bp-sS `¿-Øm-hv t_-°q¿ sI-Sm-°¬ lu-kn¬ A-–p¬ e-Øo-^v (37), ]n-Xm-hv A-d-_n (65), am-Xm-hv B-bn-im-

_n (54), e-Øo-^n-s‚ F-´p-amkw {]m-b-ap-≈ a-I≥ en-km≥ F-∂n-h¿ t\-c-tØ a-cn-®n-cp∂p. C-h-cp-sS a-ø-nØv C-∂-se dn-bm-Zn¬ J-_-d-S-°n H-cp a-Wn°q-dn-\v ti-j-am-Wv \n-jbpsS ac-Ww. A-]-I-S-Øn¬-]-cn-t°‰ A-–p¬-e-Øo-^n-s‚ a-°-fmb B-bn-i ep-_m≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv en-lm≥, \n-j-bp-sS k-tlm-Zc≥ \n-km¿, _-‘p lm-cn-kv F-∂n-h¿ dn-bm-Zn-se B-ip-]{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-Wv.

ss_¡n temdn-bn-Sn¨v _m-¦v Hm-^n-kÀ a-cn¨p I-©n-t°m-Sv: -ss_°n¬ temdn-bn-Sn®v _m-¶v Poh-\-°m-c≥ acn-®p. Cu-tdm-Uv \-√n-tØm-´w cmtP-{μ-s‚ a-I≥ Im¿-Øn-Iv (24) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. ]m-e-°m-Sv ]n-cn-hp-im-e-bn-se sF-.kn-.sF-.kn-.sF _m-¶n-se I-Ã-a¿ Hm-^n-k-dm-bncp-∂p. tZ-io-b-]m-X ]p-Xp-t»-cn kv-Iqƒ PMvj-\n¬

C-∂-se cm-hn-se 8.30\m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. Hm^nkn-te-°p h-cp-∂-Xn-\n-sS F-Xn-tc h-∂ temdn-bp-am-bn Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v tem-dn-°-Sn-bn¬ Ip-Sp-ßpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. kw-`-h-ÿ-e-Øp-X-s∂ a-c-n-®p. arX-tZ-lw Pn-√m B-ip-]-{Xn tam¿-®-dn-bn-¬ t]m-kv‰v-tam¿-´w \-S-Øn \m-´n-te-°p sIm-≠p-t]m-bn.

lw-k C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g sI.C.]n. lu-kn¬ h-f∏n-\-I-Øv lw-k (72). ac-°-®-h-S-°m-c-\m-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: sI C ]n B-bn-i. a-°ƒ: aq-km≥, Ip¬kp-Ω, _-jo¿, sam-bvXo≥, Ip-™m-an-\, j°o-e, j-ao-a, dp-_o-\, al-aq-Zv, iw-ko-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: dm-_n-b, kn-±o-Jv, dw-e, B-cn-^, \u-jm-Zv, A-–p¿d-lvam≥, k-ao¿, J-eo¬. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: a-°n, Ip¬-kp-Ω, ]-tc-X-\m-b hn ap-l-Ω-Zv.

{io-Ip-amÀ h-[w: H-¶mw-km-£n hn-jw D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v a-cn-¨p Im-´m-°-S: A-º-e-Øn≥-Im-e kn.]n.Fw {]-h¿-Ø-I-\m-bn-cp∂ {io-Ip-am-dn-s\ sIm-e-s∏-SpØn-b tI-kn-se H-∂mw- km£n A-º-e-Øn≥-Im-e kp-tcjv `-h-\n¬ Sn Kn-cn-[-c≥ (59) hnjw D-≈n¬-s®-∂v a-cn-®-p. I-gn™-Zn-h-k-w hn-jw D-f-fn¬-s®∂ \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-bCbmsf Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. A-º-e-Øn≥-Im-e-bn¬ ]e-N-c-°p I-S \-S-Øn-h-cn-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. Cu I-S-bv-°p ap-∂n¬ ]-I¬-k-a-b-Øm-bn-cp-∂p {ioIp-am-dn-s\ H-cp- kw-Lw sh-´n-bXv. kw-`-h-ti-jw C-bmƒ-°v ISp-Ø am-\-kn-Im-kzm-ÿyw D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xm-bn _-‘p-°ƒ ]-d-™p. `m-cy: Xp-f-kn. a-°ƒ: kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, kp-Pm-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: Nn-{X, jn-¥p-em¬.


8

thÀ-]mSv

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

07 am¿®v 2014 sh≈n

In-W-än-\p-Ån A-]-I-S-¯nÂ-s¸-«v a-cn-¨p

{io-[-c³ \m-bÀ

\q-lv-¡-®v B-im-³

{]-im-´v

in-ip-]m-e³

im-c-Z

Hm-a-\-¡p-«n A-½

hm-k-´n

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: hm-a-\]p-cw hm-gv-th-en-t°mWw hn-f-bn¬ ho-´n¬ {io-[-c≥ \m-b¿ (86). `mcy: P-K-Z-Ω. a-°ƒ: X-¶-a-Wn, eo-ema-Wn, c-hn-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: kp-tc-{μ≥ \mb¿, hn-P-b-Ip-am¿, PnPn.

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: sXm-Snbq¿ ap-g-tßm-Sn hn-fbn¬ ho-´n¬ \q-lv-°-Æv B-im-≥(80). `m-cy: kuZm _o-hn. a-°ƒ: A-j-d^v, e-Øo-^v, sj-co-^v, jm-Pn, lp-ssk≥, ^mØn-ap-Øv, sse-e-Øv, Pao-e-Øv, k-^n-b-Øv, \nk. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ssj-e-P, ^m-Øn-a, d-kn-b dm-jn-Z, kp¬-^n, jw-kp-±o≥, Pm-^¿-Ip-´n, d-jo-Zv, jmP-lm≥, \m-k¿.

Ip-≠-d: Ip-gn-a-Xn-°m-Sv Nq-c-s∏m-bv-I-bn¬ ]n Fkv {]-im-¥v (36). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v 12\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. `m-cy: _o-\. a-I≥: Im¿-ØnI.

Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: Ip-fØq¿ Ip-dp-∏≥-hn-fm-IØv ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b hm-kp-tZ-h-s‚ a-I≥ inip-]m-e≥ (75).

t]m-Ø≥-tIm-Sv: A-cntbm-´p-tIm-Ww Ip∂n¬ ho-´n¬ _m-e-s‚ `m-cy im-c-Z (68). a-°ƒ: _m-_p, kn-‘p, _n-μp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: an-\n, D-Zb≥, {io-I-WvT≥.

{io-Im-cyw: sN-dp-h-bv°¬ c-iv-an hn-em-kvØn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b tKm]n-\m-Y≥ \m-b-cp-sS `mcy Hm-a-\-°p-´n A-Ω (69). a-°ƒ: c-iv-an, A-\n¬Ip-am¿, P-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: th-Wp-tKm-]m¬, I-emdm-Wn, l-cn-Ip-am¿.

I-√-d: Iq-\≥-th-ß Acp-hn-∏p-dw I-´-bv-°m-en¬ ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b c-ho{μ-s‚ `m-cy hm-k-¥n (63). a-°ƒ: A-\n¬-Ip-am¿, te-J. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-\n, A-tim-I≥.

I-Zo-kp-½ in-h-]p-cw: ]-tc-X-\m-b Nq-tcym-´v aq-k-bp-sS `mcy Fw F J-Zo-kp-Ω (76). a-°ƒ: B-_q-´n, l-ao-Zv, a-Po-Zv, A-iv-d-^v, Ip™m-Xp, kp-l-d, i-co^, a-dn-bp, ^u-kn-b.

sF-jm-_o-hn

I-S-bv-°¬: ]-tc-X-\mb P-am¬ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy sF-jm-_o-hn(85). a-°ƒ: ssd-lm-\-Øv _o-hn, ^m-Øn-am _ohn, Jp-ssd-jm _o-hn, lw-k J-Zo-P _o-hn, \-_o-km C-cn-°q¿: B-bn-∏p-g sI.C.]n. lu-kn¬ h-f- _o-hn, j-d-^p-±o≥, kfnw, ^-k-ep-±o≥, kp∏n-\-I-Øv lw-k (72). ss_-d-Øv, ss_-Pp. `m-cy: sI C ]n B-bni.

sI- ]n- ap-l-½-Zv- am-ÌÀs]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ-:- tk-ewsh-Sn-h-bv]n-se- A-\p-`-hkm-£n-bpw- kn-.]n-.FwPn-√m- I-Ωn-‰n- Aw-K-hp-ambn-cp-∂- sI- ]n- ap-l-Ω-Zvam-ÿ- (86)-.- h-≈p-h-\m-´nse- I-Ωyq-WnÃv Im-c-Wh-cpw- I¿-j-I-kw-Lwt\-Xm-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p.`m-cy-:- ]m-Øp-Ω.- a-°ƒ-:]m-Øp-Ω-°p-´n,- ap-l-ΩZv- C-Jv-_m¬- ,- B-bn-i,J-Zo-P.- a-cp-a-°ƒ-:- sam-bvXp-Æn-,- I-a-dp-∂o-k.

i-in ssI-em-Øp-tIm-Ww: ssI-em-Øp-tIm-Ww hnf-bn¬ ho-´n¬ i-in (59). `m-cy: Hm-a-\. a-°ƒ: kp\n¬-Ip-am¿, kp-tc-jv_m-_p, k-‘ym-Ip-amcn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kp-_n, en-kn, {]-Im-iv.

sam-bv-Xo³-tIm-b N-°pw-I-S-hv: Hm¿-t°m´p-h-b¬ Xm-Sn-lu-kv sam-bv-Xo≥-tIm-b (67). `m-cy: kp-ss_-Z. a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp¬ A-ko-kv, JZo-P, ap-l-Ω-Zv dm-^n. acp-a-°ƒ: ku-Z, l-\o^, dp-^v-km-\.

ssk-\-_ tN-f-∂q¿: I-Æ-¶-c tImtdm-Øv-s]m-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b A-_v-Zp¬ Jm-Z¿ km-ln-_n-s‚ `m-cy tIm´mw-Ip-∂p-Ω¬ (F-S-°c) ssk-\-_ (87). a°ƒ: J-Zo-P, kp-ss_-Z, A-_v-Zp¬ d-low (dn-´. ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kv), dm-_nb (sl¬-Øv Un-]m¿-´vsa‚ v).

ta-cn

F-{_-lmw

]mÀ-h-Xn Ip-«-¸³

i-c-Wy

F-{_-lmw Ip-cy³

Ip-ªq-ª-½

hÀ-Ko-kv

Xn-cp-h-√: s]-cp-¥p-cpØn Ip-cp-th-en-Nn-d ]-tcX-\m-b tPm-k-^v F-{_lm-an-s‚ `m-cy ta-cn (68). kw-kv-Im-cw \m-sf cm-hnse 10.30\v Xn-cp-h-√ Fkv.kn.F-kv am¿-tØm-a ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ: k-Pn, an-\n. a-cp-a°ƒ; sIm-®p-tamƒ, tam\n-®≥.

]-ºm-hm-en: aq-e-°-bw s\-Spw-]p-d-Øv F-{_lmw (sIm-®v 82). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v 2\v Xp-em-∏≈n am¿-tØm-Ωm «o-lm ]-f-fn-bn¬. `m-cy:A-∂Ω. a-°ƒ : tkm-a¿, s‰ n, kn.Fw \-an-X F-^v.F-kv.Fw.F, k-Æn. a-cpa-°ƒ : tkm-an-\n, A-∏®≥, sP- n.

Xn-cp-h-√: Im-´q-°-c h-enb-Ip-f-Øn¬ hn-iz-\m-Ys‚ a-Iƒ i-c-Wy (20). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°vv H-∂n-\v h-f-™-h-´w dn-ssh-h¬ N¿-®v sk-antØ-cn-bn¬. am-Xm-hv: Dj. k-tlm-Z-c≥: i-c-Xv.

B-ky

D-½-¿-¡p-«n sF-°-c-∏-Sn: ]q-®m-en¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ]-∂n-t°mS≥ tIm-bm-en-°p-´n-bpsS `m-cy D-Ω-ø-°p-´n (80). a-°ƒ: J-Zo-P, kpss_-Z, B-bn-im-_n, a-dnbp-Ω, ^m-Øn-a, ]-tc-Xcm-b \-^o-k.

Xn-cp-h-√: ]-Sn-™m-t‰mX-d C-f-a-‰q¿ Xp-≠nbn¬ F-{_-lmw Ipcy≥ (98). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv°v c-≠n-\v ]-Sn-™m-t‰mX-d a-e-¶-c Iv-\m-\m-bn I-tØm-en-° ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. `m-cy; ]-tc-X-bm-b Nn-∂Ω. a-°ƒ; s]m-∂-Ω, Ip-™q-™-Ω, F-{_lmw X-¶-®≥, C sI Ipcy≥, ]-tc-X-bm-b X-¶Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ; tPm¿-Pv, tXma-kv F-{_-lmw, P-bv-\Ω, sP- n, Pm≥-kn, ]tc-X-\m-b tPm-kv.

A-Sq¿: ap-≠p-tIm-´bv-°¬ I-Æ-¶-c aÆn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b sI F tPm¿-Pn-s‚ `m-cy Ip-™q-™-Ω (96). kw-kv-Im-cw ]n-∂o-Sv. a-°ƒ: tdm-k-Ω, t_-_n, kq-k-Ω, s_-∂n, tPm-kv, emep, km-P≥, ]-tc-X\m-b sP-bnw-kv. a-cp-a-°ƒ; tPm¿-PpIp-´n, ]m-ÿ F Fw sN-dn-bm≥, en-√n-°p´n, A-Ωm-fp-Ip-´n, Ip™p-tamƒ, c-a-Wn, _n-Pn, ]-tc-X-\m-b h¿-Ko-kv.

sN-ß-∂q¿: am-tØ-Øv sIm-®p-Xp-≠n¬ Fw Sn h¿-Ko-kv (82). kw-kv-Imcw F-´n-\v cm-hn-se 11\v sh¨-a-Wn sk‚ v ta-cokv Hm¿-Ø-tUm-Iv-k v-hen-b-]-≈n sk-an-Øn-cnbn¬. `m-cy: Ip-™-Ω. a°ƒ; sP-bnw-kv, sP-kn, P-b≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: sIm®p-tamƒ, tPm-kv, tj¿fn.

s]-cn-b: s]-cn-bm-´-Sp°w sN-cp-º-bn-se ]-tcX-\m-b ]n ]n A-∫m-kns‚ `m-cy ]n ]n hn-√-bnse B-ky (65). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv im-^n, _jo¿, d-^o-J.v

]q-™m¿: ]-\-®n-∏m-d ( ]p-fn-°-∏m-ew) ]m-d-t°mtW¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-´∏-s‚ `m-cy ]m¿-Δ-Xn Ip´-∏≥ ( X-¶ ˛83). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: i-in, im-¥, Ip´n-b-Ω, Hm-a-\,-tKm-]n, ca-Wn, ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-Pp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-in, tkma≥, A-∏p, an-\n, Ip™p-tam≥, X-¶-Ω, ktcm-Pn-\n.

]mÀ-h-Xn-b-½ am-eq¿: am-eq¿ kn-‰n-bnse h-S-°-bn¬ ho-´n¬ \-cn-t°m-S≥ ]m¿-h-Xnb-Ω (85).

am-Xyp-

e-Xn-Im ]n-Å

X-¦-½

sXm-Sp-]p-g: h-≠-a-‰w ]¥-bv-°¬ ]n kn am-Xyp (98). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p D®-I-gn-™v- 3.30 \v- h-≠-a‰w sk‚ v- tPm¿-Pv- ]-≈nbn¬. `m-cy: G-\m-\-√q¿ h-S-°pw-]m-S-Øv- ta-cn.

]-g-ho-Sv: \m-c-I-∏-d-ºn¬ hn-P-b-Ip-am-dn (hn.sI._n ]n-≈)s‚ `m-cy e-Xn-Im ]n-≈ (54). kw--kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v. a-°ƒ: eo-P, ePo-jv.

sXm-Sp-]p-g:ssX-∏-d-ºn-¬ _-jo-dn-s‚ `m-cy B-an\(61). I-_-d-S-°w C-∂p cm-hn-se 11 \v Im-cn-t°m-Sv ss\-\m¿ ]-≈n-bn¬. ]tc-X aq-hm-‰p-]p-g ]-Sn™m-td-h-´-Øn¬ ]pØ≥-ho-´n¬ Ip-Spw-_mwKw. a-°ƒ : A-Pn ssX-∏d-ºn¬ (tIm¨-{K-kv sF Cu-Ãv a-fi-ew P-\-d¬ sk-{I-´-dn), k-Po-\, ap-Po_v, d-Po-\.

A-en

tN¿-Ø-e: I-S-°-c-∏-≈n ]-©m-b-Øv G-gmw hm¿Uv ]-\-th-en ]-tc-X-\mb Ip-am-c≥ B-Nm-cn-bpsS `m-cy X-¶-Ω (75). a°ƒ: A-tim-I≥, -Kn-cnP,- eo-e, -c-a, -I-\-I,- ]-tcX-bm-b ]-fln-\n. a-cp-a°ƒ: P-K-Z-Ω,- s]m-∂∏≥, -cm-[m-Ir-jv-W≥, -{]`m-I-c≥, -tam-l-\≥, -]tc-X-\m-b i-in-Ip-am¿.

B-an-\

B-\-°-c: I-cn-b-∂q¿ sXm-tdm]-d-ºn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b _m-h-lm-Pn-bpsS a-I≥ A-en (39).-`mcy: ^u-kn-b. a-°ƒ: l-kv-\m -sj-dn≥, ap-lΩ-Zv- A-kv-an¬, ap-l-Ω-Zv A≥-jn-Zv. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se F´n\v Icn-b-∂q¿ Pp-ama-kv-Pn-Zv J-_-¿ÿm-\n¬.

a-dn-b-¡p-«n B-e-t°m-Sv: c-b-tcmsØ tPm-k-^v Ip-gn-a-‰Øn-s‚ `m-cy a-dn-b-°p´n (72). a-°ƒ: Ip-´n-b-Ω, h¬k-Ω, kp-P, tdm-bv.

A-en I-S-∏p-dw: K-h. B-ip-]{Xn-°v k-ao-]w ]-tc-X\m-b ]p-Xp-ho-´n¬ ImZ¿- a-I≥ A-en(67). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v cm-hnse H-º-Xn-\v D-∏m-∏-]≈n J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. `mcy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: ap_m-d-Iv, A-j-d-^-v, kpl-d, _p-j-d, \-ko-a.

\-koÀ N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ln-Zm-bØv \-K¿ ]m-d-bn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b ]-co-Xv Ip-™ns‚ a-I≥ \-ko¿ (A-ºn ˛63). J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v D®-°v 12 \v ]-g-b-]-≈n Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm\n¬. `m-cy: jw-e Nn-‰m¿ In-Wdp-aq-´n¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: jo-\, jm-en ( Zpss_). a-cp-a-I≥: \u^¬.

Ip-«p-a-Wn B-e-Øq¿: Im-h-t»cn ]o-t®m-´n¬ kn Ip-´p-aWn (70). `m-cy: X-¶. a°ƒ: eo-e, kp-tc-{μ≥, c-ta-jv, jo-e.

tKm-hn-µ³ Xr-°-cn-∏q¿: a¬-kysØm-gn-em-fn-bpw tIm¨-{K-kv {]-h¿-ØI-\p-am-b I-∂p-ho-Sv I-S∏p-d-sØ _n ]n tKm-hnμ≥ (59).

]u-tem-kv Hu-tk-^v

tXm-a-kv Ip-cy³

Ip-ªp-tam³

sXm-Sp-]p-g: a-≈-cn-ßmSv tX-°pw-Im-´n¬ ]utem-kv Hu-tk-^v (50). `m-cy: eo-em-Ω ]u-temkv. a-°ƒ: F-_n≥ ]utem-k, F-_n-\ ]u-temkv. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂p-cmhn-se ]-Øn-\v ap-≈-cnßm-Sv eq¿-Zv ]-≈n skan-tØ-cn-bn¬.

a-W¿-Im-Sv: tX-d-Øm-\Øv I-cn-º-\-Ø-d-bn¬ tXm-a-kv Ip-cy≥ (tPm-bn 90). kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v 3.30 \p a-W¿-Im-Sv sk‚ v ta-co-kv bm-t°m-_m-b I-Øo-{U-en¬. `m-cy: tIm-´-bw ]-Sn-™m-td-Øe-bv-°¬ ]-tc-X-bm-b kq-kn tXm-a-kv. a-°ƒ: c-Rv-Pn (F-d-Wm-Ip-fw), sc-Pp (aqw-ss_) a-cp-a°ƒ: kq-k≥ (F-d-WmIp-fw), P-b (apw-ss_).

Ip-a-c-Iw: ]-Sn-™m-dp-`mK-Øv ]-d-b-{¥-I-f-Øn¬ Ip-™p-tam≥ (59). `m-cy: Aw-_n-I Xp-cp-Øn shfp-tØ-S-Øv Ip-Spw-_mwKw. a-°ƒ: en-Pp,eo-\. acp-a-°ƒ: kp-\n¬, en‚p.kw-kv-°m-cw cm-hnse 10 \v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

D-kv-am³ tIm-´-°¬: ]-d-ºn-eßm-Sn I-√p-sh-´p-]m-d ]tc-X-\m-b N-ß-cw-tNme aq-k-bp-sS a-I≥ D-kvam≥ (Ip-™p-˛62). am-Xm-hv: _n-øp-Ω. `m-cy: k-^n-b. a-°ƒ: \u-jmZv, \u-jo-Z.

I-Wm-c³ ta-∏-bq¿: a-™-°p-fsØ ]-t´-]-d-ºn¬ IWm-c≥ (78). `m-cy: e£van.

ap-≠-°-bw: In-W-dn¬ \n-∂pw I-b-dp-tºmƒ I-bdn¬ \n-∂pw Du¿-∂v Xm-tg-°v ]-Xn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ C-cp-ºv sIm-fp-Øv Xp-f-®p I-b-dn bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. sIm°-bm¿ shw-ªn I-\-I-]p-cw N-°-\m-`m-K-Øv ]-tc-X\m-b eq-t°m-kn-s‚ a-I≥ tPm-k-^v(jn-_p 34) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. G-¥-bm¿ H-‰a-cw `m-K-Øv kz-Im-cy hyhn-P-bm-\-µ³-]n-Å ‡n-bp-sS In-W¿ hr-Øn]-c-hq¿: sX-°pw-`m-Kw bm-°n-b-Xn-\p ti-jw IXm-g-Øp-ho-´n¬ hn-P-bm- b-dn¬ Xq-ßn I-b-dp-∂-Xn\-μ≥ ]n-≈ (73˛-dn-´. \n-S-bn¬ ssI A-b-™v t]m-kv-‰p-am≥). `m-cy: im- Xm-tg-°v Du¿-∂p-t]m-b¥-Ip-am-cn C-´n A-Ω. at∏mƒ I-b-dn-s‚ A-‰-Øv °ƒ: _n-Pp D-Æn-Øm≥ L-Sn-∏n-®n-cp-∂ C-cp-ºv (ko-\n-b¿ sse-t{_-dnsIm-fp-Øv A-c-s°-´n-\p b≥, G-jym s\-‰v \yq-kv Xm-sg Xp-f-®p I-b-dp-IXn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw),hnbm- b n- c p- ∂ p.Hm- S n- I q- S n- b t\m-Zv D-Æn-Øm≥ (sa-Uv- \m-´p-Im¿ tPm-k-^n-s\ In-W-dn-\p ap-I-fn-se-Øn-s®sI-b¿ tlm-kv-]n-‰¬, Zp- ¶n-epw c-‡w hm¿-∂p sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. D_m-bv), k-Pp D-ÆnS≥ X-s∂ ap-≠-°-b-sØ kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bnØm≥ (_n-kn-\-kv). a-cp- se-Øn-s®-¶n-epw Po-h≥ c-£n-°-\m-bn-√.ap-≠-°a-°ƒ: tc-jv-a-cm-Pv, knbw t]m-en-kv C≥-Iz-kv-‰ v X-bm-dm-°n Im-™n-c-∏-≈n _n. P-\-d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-kv-‰p-tam¿-´w \-SØn.kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v. `m-cy:kn-\n. a-Iƒ: A-\n-I

a-dn-b-¡p-«n

Iq-h-∏-≈n: Im-cn-Ip-fw hm-c-W-Øv sk-_m-Ãys‚ `m-cy a-dn-b-°p-´n (79). kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-Ign-™v 2.30\p Im-cn-Ip-fw ^m-Øn-a-am-Xm ]-≈n-bn¬. a-°ƒ: tPm-bn, kÆn (aw-K-em-]p-cw), tXma-kp-Ip-´n (So-®¿, sk‚ v tPm-¿-Pv bp-]n-F-kv tImcp-tØm-Sv), s_-∂n (aw-Kem-]p-cw), Pn-Ωn (Zo-]n-I, tIm-´-bw), _n-t\m (kuZn), en-kn (F-cp-ta-en k¿-ho-kv k-l-I-c-W _m-¶v). a-cp-a-°ƒ: Nm¿fn Im-c-bv-°m-´v , em-en-bΩ Iq-en-∏p-c-bv-°¬, _n≥-kn Im-c-bv-°¬, jm‚n ap-Xp-Ip-t∂¬, sk-‚ v ta-co-kv F¬-]nF-kv ]p-©-h-b¬), enk-Ω I-f-∏p-c-bv-°¬ , kz-]v-\ No-c-©n-d, ssU\n a-Wn-ap-dn-bn¬ (kuZn).

sIm-än-¡p-«n Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn: F.B¿ \-K¿ tXm-´-t»-cn-b-d ]tc-X-\m-b Ip-™n-°mcn-bp-sS `m-cy ]m-e-°¬ sIm-‰n-°p-´n (68). a°ƒ: h-≈n, kp-\n-¬Ipam¿, kp-io-e, ko-X, im-¥n, c-P-\n, a-Rv-Ppj, kp-kv-an-X.

tPm-k-^v- Un-kq-k am-f: am-f ]-≈n-∏p-dw N°w-Im-´n¬ tPm-k-^vUn-kq-k(88). kw-kv-Imcw C-∂v cm-hn-se 11\v amf ]-≈n-∏p-dw sk‚ v B‚-Wo-kv tZ-hm-e-bØn¬. `m-cy: kn-kn-en. aI≥: ssd-a≥. a-cp-a-Iƒ: sd-Iv-kn.

e-£v-an

I-®³

sIm-√-t¶m-Sv: sIm-√t¶m-Sv s\-t∑-\n In-gt°-]-d-ºv No´p-]p-fn ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-∏p°p-´-s‚ `m-cy e-£v-an (85). a-°ƒ: in-h-cm-a≥, tk-Xp-am-[-h≥, D-ÆnIr-jv-W≥ (B-≠n-ø), im-¥-Ip-am-cn, t{]-a.

Ip-‰ym-Sn: ap-≈-º-Øv Ipt™m-fn-s]m-bn¬ IÆ≥ (83). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbm-b ]m-dp. a-°ƒ: Pm\p, A-tim-I≥, N-{μn, N{μ≥, C-μn-c, cm-P≥, Knco-i≥, ssj-\n, ssj-Pp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: \m-Wp, N-{μn, N-{μ≥, ssj-e, hn-t\mZ≥, c-ay, k-Pn-X.

hr-²-s\ In-W-än a-cn-¨-\n-e-bn I-s−-¯n

Nm-cpw-aq-Sv: ho-´n¬ \n-∂v Im-Wm-Xm-b hr-≤-s\ In-W‰n¬ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. \q-d-\m-Sv F-cp-a-°p-g B-im-s‚ ]-So-‰-Xn¬ cm-a-N-{μ≥ ]n-≈ (65)s\-bm-Wv C-∂-se cm-hn-se ho-Sn-\v k-ao-]-ap-≈ D-]-tbm-K-iq\y-am-b In-W-‰n-\p-≈n¬ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Ønb-Xv. _p-[-\m-gv-N cm-hn-se ap-X¬ C-bm-sf Im-Wm-\n√m-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: k-c-kz-Xn. a-°ƒ: cm-tP-jv, kt¥m-jv. \q-d-\m-Sv t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

\n-¡m-ln ]-s¦-Sp-¡m-s\-¯n-bXr-iqÀ kz-tZ-in lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw aq-ew a-cn-¨p

Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´: \n-°m-ln¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°m≥ Cu-cm-‰pt]-S-bn¬ F-Øn-b Xr-iq¿ kz-tZ-in lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw aq-ew a-cn-®p. Xr-iq¿ tIm-´-∏p-dw \-l¿-au-kn-en¬ F≥ ]n Xm-Pp-±o≥ (64) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. c-≠p-h¿-jw ap-ºp-h-sc sN-´n-b-ßm-Sn ]-≈n C-am-am-bn-cp-∂ Cu-cm‰p-t]-´ sh-fp-tØ-cp-ho-´n¬ j-ao¿ au-e-hn-bp-sS \n°m-ln¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°m≥ kp-lr-Øp-°ƒ-s°m-∏w C∂-se cm-hn-se Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´-bn-se-Øn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p sN-´n-b-ßm-Sn ]-≈n `m-c-hm-ln-bm-b Xm-Pp-±-o≥. hnhm-lw I-gn-™ ti-jw Xn-cn-sI ]p-d-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn-\p≈ H-cp-°-Øn-\n-S-bn-em-Wv lr-Z-bm-Lm-Xw D-≠m-bXv. Cu-cm-‰p-t]-´-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-seØn-s®-¶n-epw a-c-W-s∏-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: \-l¿\n-k. a-°ƒ:ap-_m-d-°v, ko-\-Øv \n-k, P-∂-Øv \nk, Xu-e-Øv \n-k, _¿-°v-Øv \n-k, l-ko-\ \n-k, j-ln-Z-\n-k, ap-_o-\ \n-k.

A-¼-e-¯n³-Im-e {io-Ip-amÀ h-[w; H-¶mw-km-£n hn-jw D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v a-cn-¨p

Im-´m-°-S: A-º-e-Øn≥-Im-e kn.]n.Fw {]-h¿-ØI-\m-bn-cp-∂ {io-Ip-am-dn-s\ sIm-e-s∏-Sp-Øn-b tIkn-se H-∂mw-km-£n A-º-e-Øn≥-Im-e kp-tc-jv `h-\n¬ Sn Kn-cn-[-c≥ (59) B-Wv hn-jw D-≈n¬-s®-∂v Nn-In¬-k-bn-en-cn-s° a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™-Zn-h-k-am-Wp hn-jw D-f-fn¬-s®-∂ \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xv. A-ºe-Øn≥-Im-e-bn¬ ]-e-N-c-°p I-S \-S-Øn-h-cn-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. Cu I-S-bv-°p ap-∂n¬ ]-I¬-k-a-b-Øm-bncp-∂p {io-Ip-am-dn-s\ H-cp-kw-Lw sh-´n-b-Xv. kw-`-hti-jw C-bmƒ-°v I-Sp-Ø am-\-kn-Im-kzm-ÿyw D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xm-bn _-‘p-°ƒ ]-d-™p. `m-cy: Xp-fkn. a-°ƒ: kp-tc-jv-Ip-am¿, kp-Pm-X. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Nn{X, jn-¥p-em¬. Im-´m-°-S t]m-en-kv tI-sk-Sp-Øp.

hn-jw D-ÅnÂ-s¨-¶v a-cn-¨p

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: A-º-e-h-f-∏n¬ hn-jw D-≈n¬-s®-∂ \n-e-bn¬ I-≠-bm-sf B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p sIm-≠pt]m-Ipw h-gn a-cn-®p. Ip-Xn-c-Ip-fw Ip-‰n-t°m-W-Øv ho-´n¬ ap-c-fo-[-c≥ (52) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se D-®bv-°v 12.30\p Ip-Xn-c-Ip-f-Øp-≈ H-cp A-º-e-h-f-∏n¬ C-bm-sf hn-jw D-≈n¬-s®-∂ \n-e-bn¬ Im-Wp-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. \m-´p-Im-cm-Wv I-\ym-Ip-f-ß-c I-Ωyq-Wn-‰n sl¬-Øv sk‚-dn¬ sIm-≠p-t]m-b-Xv. h-gn-a-t[y acn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. sh-™m-d-aq-Sv t]m-en-kv ta¬-\S-]-Sn kzo-I-cn-®p.

a-[y-h-b-kv-I³ s{S-bn³ X-«n a-cn-¨p

Nn-‰m-´p-I-c: In-g-t°-Ø-e sd-bn¬-th tÃ-j-\p k-ao]w a-[y-h-b-kv-I≥ s{S-bn≥ X-´n a-cn-®p. Nq-≠¬ kztZ-in In-g-t° a-Æm-S-Øn¬ tkm-a-kp-μ-c≥(61) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw cm-{Xn-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-]I-Sw. cm-hn-se ho-´n¬ \n-∂v Xr-iq-cn-te-°p t]m-hp-Ibm-sW-∂p ]-d-™m-Wv C-d-ßn-b-Xv. kw-kv-Im-cw ]n∂o-Sv. `m-cy: C-μn-c. ]m-h-d-´n t]m-en-kv ÿ-e-sØ-Øn C≥-Iz-kv-‰v \-S-Øn.

t^mÀ-«p-sIm-¨n I-S-¯oc¯v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨-\n-e-bn tPm-kv tPmk^v

B-eo-kv

k-c-kz-Xn

`m-kv-I-c-ta-t\m³

A-en-bmÀ

]oäÀ

tPm¬(tem\³)

\-fn\n

tIm-X-aw-Kew: h-Sm´p]m-d sN-dp-th-en¬ tPm-kv tPm-k-^v(63). `mcy: t{X-kym-Ω. a°ƒ: sP-bvk≥, en≥kn, Pn≥k¨. a-cp-a°ƒ: F¬kn, tkmP≥, dn-b. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v sshIn´v 2.30 \v h-Sm-´p]m-d sk‚ v.ta-co-kv ]-≈nbn¬.

]m-h-d-´n: Nn-‰m-´p-I-c N{I-am-°n¬ Ip-cn-b≥ `mcy B-eo-kv(65). kw-kvIm-cw C-∂v Im-e-Øv 11\v apw-ss_ A-h¿ te-Un sd-a-Un N¿-®n¬. a-°ƒ: cm-Pp, _n-μp, km-Pp. a-cpa-°ƒ: `m-h-\, tPm-kv, \o-\.

am-f: Ip-gq¿ Xp-º-c-t»-cn \m-cm-b-W-t‚-bpw ]-tcX-bm-b e-£v-an-°p-´n-bptS-bpw a-Iƒ k-c-kzXn(66). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂v sN-ß-∂q-cn-se `¿-XrKr-l-Øn¬. k-tlm-Z-c߃: Ir-jv-W-≥, A-ΩnWn, A-∏p-Ip-´≥, hn-Pb≥, th-Wp-tKm-]m¬, cm-a-N-{μ≥, P-b-{io.

\m-K-∏p-g: tX-h-tcm-en¬ `m-kv-I-c-ta-t\m≥(85). `mcy: kpa-Xn A-Ω(a‰°-c a-™m-a-‰-Øn¬ IpSpw-_mw-Kw). a°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am¿, Kncn-P, kp-tc-jv-_m_p(_mw-•q¿), an-\ntamƒ. a-cp-a°ƒ: c-am-tZ-hn, ap-cfo-[-c≥ \mb¿, Ko-X, Fw F≥ a-t\m-Pv-Ip-am¿. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v c-≠n\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

s]-cp-ºm-hq¿: d-tbm¨]p-cw ]-g-b-]m-ew tdmUn¬ sIm-®-ßm-Sn PMvj-\p k-ao-]w A-ºmS≥ ]-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X\mb sIm-®-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ aI≥ A-en-bm¿(70). s]cp-ºm-hq¿ k-ky-am¿-°‰n-se am-ßm hym-]m-cnbm-bn-cp∂p. `mcy: d-tbm¨-]p-cw Aºm-S≥ ho-´n¬ \-_ok. a°ƒ: Ip-™p-ap-lΩZv, \-ko¿, A-∫mkv, kp-[o¿, kp-l-dm-_ohn, k-^n-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: \-Pva, sj-ao-\, X-kv\n, sj-co^v, Im-knw.

B-ep-h: an-\n kn-hn¬ tÃ-j≥ tdm-Uv ]m-d-bv°¬ sXm-Ωn a-I≥ ]o‰¿(61). `m-cy: do-\. a°ƒ: dn‚p, tdm-_n≥, dn-jn≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: sP-bvk≥.

B-e-ßmSv: ]p-d-°m-´v ]tc-X\m-b Ip-cy≥ a-I≥ tPm¨(tem-\≥˛65). `mcy: Rm-d-°¬ F-f-¶p∂∏p-g Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw tacn. a°ƒ: Ipcy≥(ku-Zn), am¿-´n≥. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v sshIn-´v aq-∂n-\v B-e-ßm-Sv sk‚ v.ta-co-kv ]-≈n sk-an-tØ-cn-bn¬.

G-eq¿: G-eq¿ CuÃn¬ C.Fkv.sF. Un-kv-s]≥-k-dn-°p k-ao-]w Xn-te-∏-dºn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b B-ZyIm-e I-ayq-WnÃv {]-h¿-´n {]-h¿-ØI\pw kzm-X{¥y ka-c-tk-\m-\n-bp-am-bncp-∂ Xn-te-∏-d-ºn¬ am-[h-s‚ `m-cy \-fn\n(77). a°ƒ: tdm-antbm, B-i, a[p(kn.]n.Fw.), ap≥ {_m-©v sk-{I´-dn), k-t¥mjv. a-cpa°ƒ: jo-e, tPmjn, PnPn, kcnX.

G-\n- lm-Pn h-fm-t©-cn: ]u-c{- ]-apJ≥ sIm-fa - w-Ke - w a-l√ - v ap-Xh - √ - n-bpw ap≥ {]-knU-‚p-am-b I-f∏ - p-em≥ G-\n- lm-Pn (92). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xb - m-b D-Ωm-Ø. a°ƒ: Ip-™n-am≥.

B-bn-i Hm-a-t»-cn: ]m-ºn-g-™]m-d ]-tc-X-\m-b Xq-ºØv ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ `m-cy B-bn-i (70). a-°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn, apl-Ω-Zm-en, J-Zo-P, kpss_-Z, D-Ω¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, k-_p¿Jm≥, B-an-\, ssk-\_, ssa-aq-\.

_n-¿m-¯p ]-tøm-fn: Xp-d-bq¿ Ipep-∏ ]-tc-X-\m-b aW¬-∏o-Sn-I-bn¬ kq-∏nbp-sS `m-cy Ip-ep-∏-hb¬ _n-øm-Øp (80). a-°ƒ: B-bn-i, A–p¬- I-cow, ]-tc-X-\m-b A-Ω-Xv.

Ip-ªo-_n am-tØm-´w: C-Sn-bm-\w ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X\ - m-b C hn D-kva - m≥-tIm-bb - p-sS `mcy F≥ hn Ip-™o-_n (60).

tem-dn-bnSn¨v Hmt«m bm{X-nI-cmb _w-Km-Ä kztZ-inIÄ a-cn-¨p N-ß-\m-t»-cn: ]m-bn-∏m-Sv \mep-tIm-Sn-bn¬ tem-dn-bpw Hmt´m-dn£bpw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v Hmt´m-bm-{X-°m-cm-b c-≠v A-\ykw-ÿm-\ sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ a-cn®p. ]-›n-a_w-Kmƒ am¬-U Pn√m-°m-cm-b dm-Øp-h P-lmwKo¿ A-en (22), dm-_n-°p¬ Ckv-emw (25) F-∂n-h-cm-Wv a-cn-®Xv. ]-cn-t°-‰ _w-Kmƒ kz-tZ-inI-fm-b A-–p¬ h-lm-_v(22), A-_n-lm≥ (25), a-Jv-_q¬-`mbn (25) F-∂n-h-sc tIm-´-bw saUn-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-epw A-jv-dhen(24)s\ N-ß-\m-t»-cn P-\d¬ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-epw {]-th-in∏n-®p. Hm-t´m -ss{U-h¿ ]m-bn∏m-Sv ap-´-tØm-Sv tPm-bn (55) Xncp-h-√ ]p-jv-]-Kn-cn sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ NnIn¬k-bn-emWv. C-∂-se cm-hn-se G-tgm-sS \m-ep-tIm-Sn P-Mv-j-\n-em-

dm-Øp-h P-lmw-Ko¿ A-en

dm-_n-°p¬ C-kv-emw

bncp∂p A-]-I-Sw. a-cn-® Plmw-Ko¿-A-en \m-´n¬-\n-∂p _p-[m-\m-gv-N cm-hn-sebpw dm_p-°p¬ C-kv-emw 10 Zn-h-k-w apºpamWv ]m-bn-∏ms´-Øn-bXv. ]m-bn-∏m-s´ Xm-a-k-ÿ-eØp -\n-∂p N-ß-\m-t»-cn-bn-te°v tPm-en-°p t]m-Ish \m-ep-

tIm-Sn P-Mv-j-\n-¬h®v s]-cp¥p-cp-Øn `m-K-tØ-°v t]m-hpI-bm-bn-cp-∂ tSm-d-kv tem-dn- Hmt´m-bn¬ C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Hm-t´m-dn£ G-Xm-\pw ao-‰¿ hen-®p-sIm-≠p-t]m-b tijamWv temdn \n∂-Xv. tem-dnss{U-h-sd \m-´p-Im¿ ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn

t]m-en-kn-\p ssI-am-dn. N-ß\m-t»-cn- ^-b¿-t^m-gv-kpw Xrs°m-Sn-Øm-\w F-kv.sF sI ]n hn-t\m-Zn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Ønep-≈ t]m-en-kpw \m-´p-Im-cpw tN¿-∂v c£m-{]-h¿Ø\w \SØn-. kw-`-h-ÿ-e-Øp-X-s∂ c≠p-t]-cpw a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ar-X-tZl-߃ N-ß-\m-t»-cn-bn-epw ]n-∂o-Sv tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn-te-°pw am-‰n. N-ß-\m-t»-cn P-\-d¬ Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ D-®-bv-°v 12Hm-sS kn F-^v tXm-a-kv Fw.F¬.F, ]m-bn-∏m-Sv {Km-a-∏-©m-bØv {]-kn-U‚ v cm-tP-{μ≥, ap≥ {]-kn-U‚ v F-_n- h¿-Ko-kv, Fkv.Un.]n.sF, t]m-]p-e¿ -{^≠v {]-h¿-Ø-I-cpw k-μ¿-in-®p. F-∂m¬ a-‰p cm-{„o-b-]m¿-´n t\-Xm-°-ƒ F-Øm-Xn-cp-∂-Xv hn-a¿-i-\-Øn-\p Im-c-W-am-bn.

tI-fp ]-Wn-¡À Ip-‰ym-Sn: I-°-´n-se c-btcm-Øp ao-ج tI-fp]-Wn-°¿ (94). sX-øw I-em-Im-c-\pw Ip-dpw-Ipg¬ hm-Zym hn-Z-Kv[-\pam-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ]-tcX-bm-b Pm-\p. a-°ƒ: cm-P≥ (dn-´. X-]m¬ hIp-∏v), _m-e-Ir-j-vW≥ (dn-´. ]n.U-ªyp.Un. hIp-∏v), Ko-X.

C-¯n-¡p-«n F.B¿ \-K¿: ]m-e-aTØn-≥-Nn-\ I-≈n-b-Øv A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n-bp-sS `mcy Xm-g-Øp-ho-´n¬ CØn-°p-´n (72). a-°ƒ: ssk-X-e-hn, ap-l-Ω-ZvtIm-b, kp-sse-am≥ (ZΩmw), A-–p-√.

a-´m-t©cn: t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n I-S¬-Øoc-Øv bp-hmhn-s\ a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn. a-´m-t©-cn t]men-kv sse-\n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚ a-I≥ I-emw(48)s\bm-Wv C∂-se cm-hn-se t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n I-S¬Øoc-sØ No-\-h-e-bv-°p k-ao-]w a-cn-®-\n-e-bn¬ I-≠Xv. I-S¬-Xoc-Øv H-gp-In-\-S-∂ ar-X-tZ-lw sse-^v Km¿-Um-Wv I-c-bv-s°-Øn-®Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw \m-´-m-Im-cp-sS {i-≤-bn¬-s∏-´-Xn-s\-Øp-S¿-∂p sse-^v Km¿-Un-s\ hn-h-c-a-dn-bn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. _p-[-\m-gv-N-cm-{Xn-bm-Wv Iemw ho-´n¬-\n∂p-t]mbXv. hn√n-Mv-S¨ sF-e‚n¬ Np-a-´p-sXm-gn-em-fn-bmWv a-cn-® I-emw. t^m¿-´p-sIm-®n tIm-kv-‰¬ t]m-en-kv F.Fkv.sF tPm-k-^n-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ C≥-Iz-Ãv Xøm-dm-°n ar-X-tZ-lw t]m-kv‰p-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw ]-Sn-™m-sd-t°m-Sv ap-ln-b-±o≥ ]-≈n J-_¿-ÿB-\n¬ J-_-d-S°n. `mcy: d-lv a-Øv. a-°ƒ:kt\mPv, k-PnØv.

sdbnÂ-th {Sm-¡n a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

B-ep-h: D-t±-iw 60 hb- v {]m-bw tXm-∂n-°p-∂ sh≈-bn¬ I-dp-∏p sse-t\m-Sp IqSn-b j¿´pw ap≠pw [cn-®v C∂-se ssh-In´v 7.40 Hm-sS Bep-h sd-bn¬-th tÃ-j≥ aq∂mw \-º¿ sd-bn¬-th {Sm-°n¬ GtXm s{S-bn≥ Ib-dn a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ -ar-X-tZ-lw I-s≠SpØp. C-cp-\ndw, A-t©-ap-°m¬ A-Sn D-b-cw.

hn-ZymÀ-Yn Ip-f-¯n ap-§na-cn-¨p h-≈n-°p-∂v (ae-∏p-dw): kvIqƒhn-Zym¿-Yn Ip-f-Øn¬ apßn-a-cn-®p. h-≈n-°p-∂v t\m¿Øv Xm-e-s∏m-en ]-d-ºn-\p k-ao]w h-cn-bm-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kv-X^-˛-kp-sse-J Z-º-Xn-I-fp-sS GI-a-I≥ ap-l-Ω-Zv an-Zv-em-Pv (11) B-Wp a-cn-®-Xv. h-≈n-°p-∂v AØm-Wn-°¬ t\-‰o-hv F.bp.]n kv-Iqƒ B-dmw X-cw hn-Zym¿-Ynbm-bn-cp-∂p. hym-gm-gv-N D-®Ign™v 2.30Hm-sS-bm-Wp kw-`-hw. kv-Iq-fn¬ D-®`-£-Ww I-gn™tijw an-Zv-em-Ppw Iq-´p-Imcpw A-Øm-Wn-°¬ sh-t≈-∏mS-Øn\p k-ao-]-sØ sh-t≈°p-f-Øn¬ Ip-fn-°m-\n-d-ßn-bXm-bn-cp-∂p. an-Zv-em-Pv am{XamWv Ipf-Øn-en-d-ßn-bXv. Ip-fØn¬ Nm-Sn-b an-Zv-em-Pn-s\ Im-



A-¯m-Wn-¡Â t\-äo-hv F.bp.]n kv-Iqfn\v C¶v Ah[n

Wm-Xmb-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v Ip-´nIƒ \m-´p-Imsc Adn-bn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. C-h¿ Hm-Sn-sb-Øn Xn-c-®n-em-cw-`n-®p. a-‰p aq-∂v Ip´n-I-f-S-°w \m-ep-t]-cm-Wp Ip-

fn-°-S-hn-se-Øn-b-Xv. B-g-°qSp-X-ep-≈ `m-K-Øm-b-Xn-\m¬ \m-´p-Im¿ a-Wn-°q-dp-Iƒ Xn-cs™-¶n-epw I-s≠-Øm-\m-bn√. H-Sp-hn¬ \m-e-c-tbm-sS A·n-i-a-\-tk-\-bpw t]m-en-kpw F-Øn-bm-Wp ar-X-tZ-lw Is≠-Sp-Ø-Xv. ar-X-tZ-lw tIm-gnt°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv Bip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°p am-‰n. a-c-W-Øn¬ A-\p-tim-Nn-®v sh-≈n-bm-gv-N kv-Iq-fn-\v A-h[n-bm-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂v {]-[m-\[ym-]-I≥ Fw hm-kp ]-d-™p. an-Zv-em-Pn-s‚ k-tlm-Z-cn: \nbm-Pm-kv-an-≥ (\-gv-k-dn hn-Zym¿Yn-\n).

¹-kv h¬ hn-ZymÀ-Yn-\nho-«n Xq-§n a-cn-¨ \n-e-bnÂ

am-f: π-kv h¨ hn-Zym¿-Yn-\n-sb ho-´n¬ Xq-ßn a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn. I-cp-hn-e-t»-cn N-≠ß-]-d-ºn¬ cm-[m-Ir-jv-W-t‚Spw cm-[-bp-tS-bpw G-I-a-I-fm-b _n-μp-P(16)s\-bm-Wv ho-Sn-s‚ c≠mw \n-e-bn-se D-Ø-c-Øn¬ Xq-ßn a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠Øn-b-Xv. am-Xm-]n-Xm-°ƒ B-ip]-{Xn-bn¬ t]m-b C-∂-se cm-hnse B-dn-\pw 10\pw C-S-bn-em-Wv kw-`-hw. Ip-´n-°v sN-dn-b am-\-kn-I {]-iv-\-ap-≠m-bn-cp-s∂-∂m-Wv kq-N-\. am-f skm-t°m¿-skm tIm¨-sh‚ v kv-Iq-fn¬ π-kv h-Wn-\v ]Tn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. am-f t]m-en-kv ta¬\-S-]-Sn kzoI-cn-®p. t]m-kv-‰p-tam¿-´w \-SØn-b ar-X-tZ-lw.


Thejas Epaper obit Edition 2014-03-07